The corolla of Fumitory consists of a spurred upper petal, two inner petals, and a lower one. The wings of the upper petal and apex of the inner petals are blackish-red. Hundreds of alien species have been introduced into California and are now naturalized and reproducing on their own. Some are escaped garden ornamentals while others arrived with crop seeds or in animal feed. Fumitory is one of the additions to our wildflower inventory that has not significantly modified its new adopted habitat. Because they lack predators, many alien species can take over entire hillsides, totally displace native vegetation, and in some cases cause native species to go extinct.
DISTRIBUTION: Local and uncommon in moist coastal areas of the San Francisco Bay Area; < 200 m; native to western Europe.