Today mecopterans represent no more than one one-hundredth
of one percent of living species, but in the Permian fossil beds of Elmo,
Kansas they accounted for 40% of known fossils. The remnant fauna existing
today is quite diverse in life history, as might be expected from more than
200 million years of evolution.
This list of mecopterans (scorpion-flies and hanging-flies) is being placed on the internet as a reference resource to the biological community and curious naturalists. It is an updated version of the world checklist published by Penny & Byers (1979). Most references are completely cited in Schlee (1976). State abbreviations for Brazil, Canada, and U.S.A. use their respective official postal codes. An attempt will be made to keep it current. Anyone wishing to suggest changes or updates should contact Norman D. Penny at NPenny@CalAcademy.org. I wish to thank Hideo Ogai for many helpful suggestions for improvement of the part dealing with the Japanese fauna. Any contributions of mecopteran photos are most greatly appreciated to help make this website more colorful and interesting.
Boreidae (winter scorpion-flies)
Byers, G.W. 1989. Homologies in wing venation of
primitive Diptera and Mecoptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society
of Washington 91(4):497-501.
Penny, N.D. and G.W. Byers. 1979. A check-list of the Mecoptera of the world. Acta Amazonica 9:365-388.
Schlee, von H.-B. and D. Schlee. 1976. Bibliographie der rezenten und fossilen Mecoptera. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde Serie A (Biologie) Nr. 282. 76 pp.
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