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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Genera in the family or subfamily Balistidae: [ 33 ] records


Abalistes Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:364 Masc. Leiurus macrophthalmus Swainson 1839. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Leiurus (subgenus of Capriscus) Swainson 1839, preoccupied by Leiurus Swainson 1839:242 in fishes. •Valid as Abalistes Jordan & Seale 1906 -- (Matsuura 1980:39 [ref. 6943], Tyler 1980:121 [ref. 4477], Arai 1983:199 [ref. 14249], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:358 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:877 [ref. 5714], Lindberg et al. 1997:50 [ref. 23547] as Abolistes, Matsuura 2001:3912 [ref. 26315], Matsuura & Yoshino 2004:189 [ref. 27771], Allen et al. 2006:1870 [ref. 29098], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Motomura et al. 2017:229 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:376 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:177 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Abalistes Jordan & Seale 1906. Balistidae.

Balistapus Tilesius [W. G. von] 1820:302 Masc. Balistapus capistratus Tilesius 1820. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Balistapus Tilesius 1820 -- (Matsuura 1980:52 [ref. 6943], Tyler 1980:121 [ref. 4477], Arai 1983:199 [ref. 14249], Aboussouan & Leis 1984:452 [ref. 13661], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:358 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:877 [ref. 5714], Lindberg et al. 1997:59 [ref. 23547], Matsuura 2001:3913 [ref. 26315], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Fricke et al. 2018:376 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:177 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Balistapus Tilesius 1820. Balistidae.

Balistes Linnaeus [C.] 1758:327 Masc. Balistes vetula Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1865:98 [ref. 416] and 1866:10 [ref. 417]. •Valid as Balistes Linnaeus 1758 -- (Moore 1967:691 [ref. 22820], Torchio 1973:641 [ref. 6892], Tyler 1980:121 [ref. 4477], Arai 1983:199 [ref. 14249], Aboussouan & Leis 1984:452 [ref. 13661], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:1335 [ref. 13677], Smith & Heemstra 1986:877 [ref. 5714], Lindberg et al. 1997:58 [ref. 23547], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:503 [ref. 24550], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:850 [ref. 25968], Matsuura 2003:1964 [ref. 27119], Parin 2003:S32 [ref. 28536], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:75 [ref. 36649], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Parin et al. 2014:550 [ref. 33547], Robertson et al. 2017:106 [ref. 35676], Brown et al. 2019:182 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Balistes Linnaeus 1758. Balistidae.

Balistoides Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1935:659, 662 Masc. Balistes viridescens Bloch & Schneider 1801. Type by original designation. •Valid as Balistoides Fraser-Brunner 1935 -- (Matsuura 1980:44 [ref. 6943], Tyler 1980:121 [ref. 4477], Arai 1983:199 [ref. 14249], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:357 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:878 [ref. 5714], Lindberg et al. 1997:58 [ref. 23547], Matsuura 2001:3913 [ref. 26315], Allen et al. 2006:1871 [ref. 29098], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Motomura et al. 2017:230 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:376 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:177 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Balistoides Fraser-Brunner 1935. Balistidae.

Ballistes Billberg [G. J.] 1833:52 Masc. Balistes vetula Linnaeus 1758. Type by being a replacement name. Unnecessary replacement name for Balistes Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Balistes Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kullander 2016:109 [ref. 34147]). Current status: Synonym of Balistes Linnaeus 1758. Balistidae.

Canthidermis (subgenus of Balistes) Swainson [W.] 1839:194, 325 Fem. Balistes oculatus Gray 1831. Type by subsequent designation. Spelled Canthidermes on pp. 194, 437 (index), Canthidermis on p. 325. First type designation apparently by Bleeker 1866:11 [ref. 417] as Balistes oculatus; not Balistes angulosus designated by Swain 1882:282 [ref. 5966]. •Valid as Canthidermis Swainson 1839 -- (Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Fedoryako 1979:981 [ref. 8721], Matsuura 1980:66 [ref. 6943], Tyler 1980:120 [ref. 4477], Arai 1983:199 [ref. 14249], Aboussouan & Leis 1984:452 [ref. 13661], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:359 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:878 [ref. 5714], Lindberg et al. 1997:63 [ref. 23547], Matsuura 2001:3913 [ref. 26315], Matsuura 2003:1964 [ref. 27119], Parin 2003:S33 [ref. 28536], Allen et al. 2006:1872 [ref. 29098], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Parin et al. 2014:550 [ref. 33547], Motomura et al. 2017:230 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:377 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:177 [ref. 36273], Brown et al. 2019:182 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Canthidermis Swainson 1839. Balistidae.

Capriscus Klein [J. T.] 1777:427 Masc. Not available, published in a work that does not conform to the principle of binominal nomenclature. •In the synonymy of Balistes Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Balistes Linnaeus 1758. Balistidae.

Capriscus Artedi [P.] in Röse 1793:114 Masc. Balistes capriscus Gmelin 1789. Also appeared as new in Billberg 1833:52 [ref. 34146], but no species included, therefore nomen nudum; see Kullander 2016:109 [ref. 34147]. •Synonym of Balistes Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Balistes Linnaeus 1758. Balistidae.

Capriscus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:41, 58 Masc. Capriscus porcus Rafinesque 1810. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Balistes Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Balistes Linnaeus 1758. Balistidae.

Capriscus Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Klein) 1792:580 Masc. Not available, published in a part of work rejected for nomenclatural purposes in Opinion 21 (1938). Based on Klein 1742:24 [ref. 30141]. •In the synonymy of Balistes Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Balistes Linnaeus 1758. Balistidae.

Chalisoma (subgenus of Capriscus) Swainson [W.] 1839:194, 325 Neut. Balistes pulcherrimus Lesson 1830. Type by subsequent designation. Spelled Chalisomus on p. 194 and 438, Chalisoma on 325. Type designated by Swain 1882:282 [ref. 5966]. Technical first reviser not researched. Details for species not located. •Synonym of Balistes Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Balistes Linnaeus 1758. Balistidae.

Cotilla Billberg [G. J.] 1833:52 Fem. Cotilla frenata Billberg 1833. Type by monotypy. Based on the "Baliste bride" of Lacepède (1798: 378). Not used as valid after 1899; therefore reversal of priority in favor of Sufflamen Jordan 1916 is followed (ICZN Art. 23.9). •Synonym of Sufflamen Jordan 1916 -- (Kullander 2016:109 [ref. 34147]). Current status: Synonym of Sufflamen Jordan 1916. Balistidae.

Epimonus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1815:92 As "Epimonus R. sp. do." meaning Epimonus Rafinesque for a species in a preceding genus (Balistes). Not available, name only. Balistidae.

Erythrodon Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1852:34 Masc. Xenodon (Balistes) niger Rüppell 1836. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Xenodon Rüppell 1836, preoccupied in Amphibia; replaced earlier by Odonus Gistel 1848. •Objective synonym of Odonus Gistel 1848 -- (Matsuura 1980:33 [ref. 6943]). Current status: Synonym of Odonus Gistel 1848. Balistidae.

Guaperva Sonnerat [P.] (ex Willughby) 1774:226 Fem. Not used as valid after 1899; therefore reversal of priority in favor of Balistoides Fraser-Brunner 1935. •In the synonymy of Balistoides Fraser-Brunner 1935. Current status: Synonym of Balistoides Fraser-Brunner 1935. Balistidae.

Hemibalistes (subgenus of Sufflamen) Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1935:662 Masc. Balistes bursa Bloch & Schneider 1801. Not available from Fraser-Brunner 1935; two included species and no type designated after 1930 (Art. 13.3). Can date to Burton 1936 in Zoological Record for 1935 (see remarks on Art. 13.3 in Appendix A in Eschmeyer 1990 [ref. 20647]). •In the synonymy of Sufflamen Jordan 1916 -- (Matsuura 1980:48 [ref. 6943]). Current status: Synonym of Sufflamen Jordan 1916. Balistidae.

Leiurus (subgenus of Capriscus) Swainson [W.] 1839:194, 326 Masc. Leiurus macrophthalmus Swainson 1839. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Swain 1883:282 [ref. 5966]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Leiurus Swainson on p. 242 of same work, replaced by Abalistes Jordan & Seale 1906. •Synonym of Abalistes Jordan & Seale 1906 -- (Allen et al. 2006:1870 [ref. 29098]). Current status: Synonym of Abalistes Jordan & Seale 1906. Balistidae.

Melichthys (subgenus of Balistes) Swainson [W.] 1839:194, 325 Masc. Balistes ringens Osbeck (not of Linnaeus) 1765 (= Balistes niger Bloch 1786). Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1866:10 [ref. 417] as "Balistes ringens Osb." Possibly based on a misidentified type species. Melanichthys Günther 1870:212, 227 [ref. 1995] (not of Temminck & Schlegel) apparently is an unjustified emendation. •Valid as Melichthys Swainson 1839 -- (Randall & Klausewitz 1973:58 [ref. 7581], Matsuura 1980:40 [ref. 6943], Tyler 1980:120 [ref. 4477], Arai 1983:199 [ref. 14249], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:358 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:879 [ref. 5714], Lindberg et al. 1997:60 [ref. 23547], Matsuura 2001:3912 [ref. 26315], Matsuura 2003:1964 [ref. 27119], Allen et al. 2006:1872 [ref. 29098], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Motomura et al. 2017:230 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:377 [ref. 35805], Brown et al. 2019:182 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Melichthys Swainson 1839. Balistidae.

Nematobalistes Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1935:659, 661 Masc. Balistes forcipatus Gmelin 1789. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Balistes Linnaeus 1758 -- (Tyler 1980:123 [ref. 4477]). Current status: Synonym of Balistes Linnaeus 1758. Balistidae.

Odonus Gistel [J.] 1848:XI Masc. Xenodon (Balistes) niger Rüppell 1836. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Xenodon Rüppell 1836, preoccupied; predates Erythrodon Rüppell 1852 and Pyrodon Kaup 1855. •Valid as Odonus Gistel 1848 -- (Matsuura 1980:33 [ref. 6943], Tyler 1980:120 [ref. 4477], Arai 1983:199 [ref. 14249], Aboussouan & Leis 1984:452 [ref. 13661], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:358 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:879 [ref. 5714], Lindberg et al. 1997:57 [ref. 23547], Matsuura 2001:3912 [ref. 26315], Allen et al. 2006:1873 [ref. 29098], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Fricke et al. 2018:377 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:177 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Odonus Gistel 1848. Balistidae.

Oncobalistes Fowler [H. W.] 1946:213 Masc. Oncobalistes erythropterus Fowler 1946. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Melichthys Swainson 1839 -- (Randall & Klausewitz 1973:58 [ref. 7581], Matsuura 1980:40 [ref. 6943]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys Swainson 1839. Balistidae.

Pachynathus (subgenus of Capriscus) Swainson [W.] 1839:194, 326 Masc. Pachynathus triangularis Swainson 1839 (= Balistes capistratus Shaw 1804). Type by monotypy. Regarded as a misspelling for Pachygnathus (Opinion 29) and therefore preoccupied by Pachygnathus Dugès 1834 in arachnids; replaced by Sufflamen Jordan 1916. •Objective synonym of Sufflamen Jordan 1916 -- (Matsuura 1980:47 [ref. 6943], Allen et al. 2006:1875 [ref. 29098]). Current status: Synonym of Sufflamen Jordan 1916. Balistidae.

Parabalistes (subgenus of Balistes) Bleeker [P.] 1865:Pl. 225 Masc. Balistes chrysospilos Bleeker 1853. Type by monotypy. Apparently dates to Pl. 225 in Atlas (1865); corresponding text (pp. 98, 110) not published until 1869; also in Bleeker 1866:10 [ref. 417]. A second species was figured with question on Pl. 231 on same date; type by monotypy (type also designated in 1866:10 [ref. 417] and in corresponding text in 1869). Original spelling of species is chrysospilos, subsequently changed by Bleeker to chrysospilus. Current status: Uncertain. Balistidae.

Pseudobalistes (subgenus of Balistes) Bleeker [P.] 1865:Pls. 218, 225 Masc. Balistes flavimarginatus Rüppell 1829. Type by monotypy. Apparently dates to Pl. 218 and Pl. 225 (1865, in part 19), with type as flavimarginatus of Bleeker = Balistes flavimarginatus Rüppell 1829; viridescens appears in Pl. 231 (part 20); corresponding text (99, 110) not published until 1869. Also in Bleeker 1866:11 [ref. 417] with type designated as viridescens (also 1869:99 [ref. 416]). •Valid as Pseudobalistes Bleeker 1865 -- (Matsuura 1980:35 [ref. 6943], Tyler 1980:123 [ref. 4477], Arai 1983:199 [ref. 14249], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:358 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:880 [ref. 5714], Matsuura 2001:3912 [ref. 26315], Allen et al. 2006:1873 [ref. 29098], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Motomura et al. 2017:231 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:378 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:177 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Pseudobalistes Bleeker 1865. Balistidae.

Pyrodon Kaup [J. J.] 1855:222 Masc. Xenodon (Balistes) niger Rüppell 1836. Type by being a replacement name. Unneeded replacement for Xenodon Rüppell 1836, twice replaced before Kaup 1855. •Objective synonym of Odonus Gistel 1848. Current status: Synonym of Odonus Gistel 1848. Balistidae.

Rhinecanthus (subgenus of Balistes) Swainson [W.] 1839:194, 325 Masc. Balistes ornatissimus Lesson 1831. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Swain 1882:282 [ref. 5966]. •Valid as Rhinecanthus Swainson 1829 -- (Tyler 1980:121 [ref. 4477], Randall & Steene 1983 [ref. 6023], Arai 1983:199 [ref. 14249], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:358 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:880 [ref. 5714], Matsuura & Shiobara 1989 [ref. 13563], Lindberg et al. 1997:59 [ref. 23547], Matsuura 2001:3913 [ref. 26315], Allen et al. 2006:1874 [ref. 29098], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Struthers 2015:1715 [ref. 34302], Fricke et al. 2018:378 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:178 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Rhinecanthus Swainson 1839. Balistidae.

Sufflamen Jordan [D. S.] 1916:27 Neut. Balistes capistratus Shaw 1804. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Pachynathus Swainson 1839 in fishes (ruled in Opinion 29 of the ICZN to be a typographical error for Pachygnathus; preoccupied by Pachygnathus Dugés 1834 in arachnids). Cotilla Billberg 1833 is a senior synonym (see Kullander 2016:109 [ref. 34147]), but Sufflamen Jordan 1916 is in prevailing usage and therefore here used as the valid name for the genus. •Valid as Sufflamen Jordan 1916 -- (Matsuura 1980:47 [ref. 6943], Tyler 1980:123 [ref. 4477], Arai 1983:199 [ref. 14249], Aboussouan & Leis 1984:452 [ref. 13661], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:358 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:881 [ref. 5714], Lindberg et al. 1997:58 [ref. 23547], Matsuura 2001:3913 [ref. 26315], Allen et al. 2006:1875 [ref. 29098], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Fricke et al. 2018:379 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:178 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Sufflamen Jordan 1916. Balistidae.

Tobinia Whitley [G. P.] 1933:47 Fem. Tobinia paragaudata Whitley 1933. Type by monotypy. Not available from this date, no separate generic description, and combined description does not meet requirements of Art. 13.4. Subsequent publication in an available way not investigated. Balistidae.

Verrunculus (subgenus of Balistes) Jordan [D. S.] 1924:82 Masc. Balistes polylepis Steindachner 1876. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Described as "a distinct subgenus or genus under Balistes." •Synonym of Balistes Linnaeus 1758 -- (Tyler 1980:123 [ref. 4477]). Current status: Synonym of Balistes Linnaeus 1758. Balistidae.

Xanthichthys Kaup [J. J.] in Richardson 1856:313 Masc. Balistes curassavicus Gmelin 1789. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Xanthichthys Kaup 1856 -- (Randall et al. 1978 [ref. 5532], Fedoryako 1979:991 [ref. 8721], Matsuura 1980:59 [ref. 6943], Tyler 1980 [ref. 4477], Arai 1983:199 [ref. 14249], Aboussouan & Leis 1984:452 [ref. 13661], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:359 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:881 [ref. 5714], Lindberg et al. 1997:59 [ref. 23547], Matsuura 2001:3913 [ref. 26315], Matsuura 2003:1964 [ref. 27119], Allen et al. 2006:1876 [ref. 29098], Pyle & Earle 2013:1 [ref. 32891], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576]). Current status: Valid as Xanthichthys Kaup 1856. Balistidae.

Xenobalistes Matsuura [K.] 1981:191 Masc. Xenobalistes tumidipectoris Matsuura 1981. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Xenobalistes Matsuura 1981 -- (Heemstra & Smith 1983 [ref. 5414], Smith & Heemstra 1986:881 [ref. 5714], Matsuura 2001:3917 [ref. 26315], Allen et al. 2006:1877 [ref. 29098], Matsuura 2014:8 [ref. 33576]). •Genus possible based on prejuveniles of Xanthichthys -- (R. Winterbottom, pers. comm., 5 Apr. 2006). Current status: Valid as Xenobalistes Matsuura 1981. Balistidae.

Xenodon Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1836:52 Masc. Xenodon niger Rüppell 1836. Type by monotypy. Spelled Zenodon by Swainson 1839:194, 325 [ref. 4303]. Genus is in the part published in 1836, species in 1837. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Xenodon Boie 1827 in Amphibia; replaced by Odonus Gistel 1848, Erythrodon Rüppell 1852, and Pyrodon Kaup 1853. Type based on "Baliste noir" Lacepède 1798; Günther 1870 renamed niger Rüppell as Balistes erythrodon; not Balistes niger Bloch 1786. •In the synonymy of Odonus Gistel 1848 -- (Matsuura 1980:33 [ref. 6943], Allen et al. 2006:1873 [ref. 29098]). Current status: Synonym of Odonus Gistel 1848. Balistidae.

Zenodon (subgenus of Capriscus) Swainson [W.] 1839:194, 325 Masc. Generally regarded as a misspelling for Xenodon Rüppell; see Xenodon Rüppell. •In the synonymy of Odonus Gistel 1848 -- (Matsuura 1980:33 [ref. 6943]). Current status: Synonym of Odonus Gistel 1848. Balistidae.