Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Genera in the family or subfamily Cyprinidae: [ 288 ] records


Aaptosyax Rainboth [W. J.] 1991:232 Masc. Aaptosyax grypus Rainboth 1991. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Aaptosyax Rainboth 1991 -- (Doi 1997:2 [ref. 22832] as Aasptosyax, Bănărescu 1997:19 [ref. 23274], Doi 2000:391 [ref. 25097], Tomoda 2011:288 [ref. 31453], Kottelat 2013:69 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Cyprinini). Current status: Valid as Aaptosyax Rainboth 1991. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Abrostomus Smith [A.] 1841:Pl. 12 Masc. Abrostomus umbratus Smith 1841. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1863:193 [ref. 397] or 1863:25 [ref. 4859]. Habrostomus Agassiz 1846:1 [ref. 64] is an unjustified emendation. •Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:305 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:50 [ref. 19189], Kottelat 2013:114 [ref. 32989], Yang 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Labeonini). Current status: Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Acanthonotus Tickell [S. R.] in Day 1888:807 Masc. Acanthonotus argenteus Day 1888. Type by monotypy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Acanthonotus Goldfuss 1809 in Mammalia and by Gray 1830 in fishes; replaced by Matsya Day 1889. Sometimes cited with Day as author. •Synonym of Mystacoleucus Günther 1868 -- (Chu & Kottelat 1989:1 [ref. 12575], Roberts 1989:45 [ref. 6439]). Current status: Synonym of Mystacoleucus Günther 1868. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Acapoeta Cockerell [T. D. A.] 1910:149 Fem. Capoeta tanganicae Boulenger 1900. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Acapoeta Cockerell 1910 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:217 [ref. 6186], Poll & Gosse 1995:167 [ref. 24781], Vreven et al. 2016:[1] [ref. 34168]). •Possibly a synonym of Labeobarbus Rüppell 1835 -- (Borkenhagen 2017:296 [ref. 35158]). Current status: Valid as Acapoeta Cockerell 1910. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Acra (subgenus of Gymnostomus) Bleeker [P.] 1860:225, 230 Fem. Cyprinus acra Hamilton 1822. Type by absolute tautonymy, fifteen included species; type not Chondrostoma syriacum Valenciennes as designated by Bleeker 1863:197 [ref. 397] or 1863:26 [ref. 4859]. •Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816. •In Cyprininae, tribe Labeonini -- (Yang 2015:99 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Acrossocheilus Oshima [M.] 1919:206 Masc. Gymnostomus formosanus Regan 1908. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Misspelled Acrossochilus by Jordan 1920:570 [ref. 4905]. •Valid as Acrossocheilus Oshima 1919 -- (Wu et al. 1977:273 [ref. 4807], Jayaram 1981:122 [ref. 6497] as Accrossocheilus, Kottelat 1985:260 [ref. 11441], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:203 [ref. 13584], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:143 [ref. 23876], Chen in Chen 1998:158 [ref. 23556], Yuan & Zhang 2010:36 [ref. 31050], Yuan & Zhang 2010:45 [ref. 31052], Ho & Shao 2011:24 [ref. 31432], Yuan et al. 2012:160 [ref. 32352], Kottelat 2013:71 [ref. 32989], Lan et al. 2014:433 [ref. 33407], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Acrossocheilini, Yuan et al. 2015:151 [ref. 34103], Zhang et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Acrossocheilus Oshima 1919. Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae.

Adamacypris (subgenus of Barbus) Fowler [H. W.] 1934:125 Fem. Puntius (Puntius) proctozysron Bleeker 1864. Type by original designation. •Objective synonym of Puntioplites Smith 1929 -- (Roberts 1989:59 [ref. 6439], Bănărescu 1997:19 [ref. 23274], Luo & Yue in Yue et al. 2000:392 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:147 [ref. 32989], Yang 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini, Zhang et al. 2016:97 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Puntioplites Smith 1929. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Afropuntio Karaman [M. S.] 1971:190 Masc. Barbus pobeguini Pellegrin 1911. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:219 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867 -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:349 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Ageneiogarra (subgenus of Garra) Garman [S.] 1912:114 Fem. Garra imberba Garman 1912. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822 -- (Karaman 1971:232 [ref. 2560], Wu et al. 1977:372 [ref. 4807], Lévêque & Daget 1984:301 [ref. 6186], Wu & Wu 1992:292 [ref. 21205], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:237 [ref. 25272] as Agenneiogarra, Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Ageneiogarra Garman 1912 -- (Yang et al. 2012:370 [ref. 33458], Sun et al. 2018:53 [ref. 35784] as distinct clade). Current status: Valid as Ageneiogarra Garman 1912. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Agrammobarbus (subgenus of Barbus) Pellegrin [J.] 1935:382 Masc. Barbus apleurogramma Boulenger 1911. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Perhaps also appeared in Pellegrin 1933:107, with barbaulti Pellegrin as type [not researched]. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:218 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867 -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:349 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Akrokolioplax Zhang [E] & Kottelat [M.] 2006:21 Fem. Epalzeorhynchos bicornis Wu 1977. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Akrokolioplax Zhang & Kottelat 2006 -- (Zheng 2010:3 [ref. 30961], Zhu et al. 2011:39 [ref. 31305], Kottelat 2013:72 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34477], Kottelat 2016:445 [ref. 34856]). •Synonym of Gonorhynchus McClelland 1838 -- (Yang et al. 2012:370 [ref. 33458], Ciccotto & Page 2016:472 [ref. 34501]). •Synonym of Tariqilabeo Mirza & Saboohi 1990 -- (Ciccotto & Page 2017:447 [ref. 35090]). Current status: Synonym of Tariqilabeo Mirza & Saboohi 1990. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Albulichthys Bleeker [P.] 1860:159 (430) Masc. Systomus albuloides Bleeker 1855. Type by subsequent monotypy. Apparently appeared first in key, without species. One species included by Bleeker 1859:153 [ref. 371] and 1860:175, 305-307 [ref. 380]. Type apparently not Rohteichthys microlepis Bleeker as designated by Bleeker 1863:27 [ref. 4859]. Kottelat (2013) now dates to 1859 in key on p. 153. •Valid as Albulichthys Bleeker 1860 -- (Wu et al. 1977:270 [ref. 4807], Kottelat 1985:260 [ref. 11441], Kottelat 1985:956 [ref. 5288], Kottelat 1989:6 [ref. 13605], Roberts 1989:27 [ref. 6439], Doi 1997:2 [ref. 22832], Doi 2000:391 [ref. 25097], Kottelat 2013:72 [ref. 32989], Yang 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini). •Mention -- (Li et al. 1998:453 [ref. 24130]). Current status: Valid as Albulichthys Bleeker 1860. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Altigena (subgenus of Osteochilus) Burton [M.] (ex Lin) 1934:49 Fem. Varicorhinus discognathoides Nichols & Pope 1927. Type by original designation. Apparently not available from Lin 1933:341-342 [ref. 5932]; proposed for four species without designation of type after 1930 (Art. 13.3). Genus dates to Burton 1934:49 [ref. 20938]. •In the synonymy of Sinilabeo Rendahl 1932 -- (Wu et al. 1977:333 [ref. 4807], Wu & Wu 1992:290 [ref. 21205], Bănărescu 1997:20 [ref. 23274], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:176 [ref. 25272]). •Synonym of Bangana Hamilton 1822 -- (Zhang & Chen 2006:43 [ref. 28775], Kottelat 2013:75 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Altigena Burton 1934 -- (Kottelat 2017:494 [ref. 35262], Zheng et al. 2018:87 [ref. 36131]). Current status: Valid as Altigena Burton 1934. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Amatolacypris Skelton [P. H.], Swartz [E. R.] & Vreven [E. J.] 2018:20 Masc. Barbus trevelyani Günther 1877. Type by original designation (and also monotypic). •Valid as Amatolacypris Skelton, Swartz & Vreven 2018. Current status: Valid as Amatolacypris Skelton, Swartz & Vreven 2018. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Amblyrhynchichthys Bleeker [P.] 1860:430 Masc. Barbus truncatus Bleeker 1850. Type by subsequent monotypy. Apparently appeared first in key, without included species. One species included by Bleeker 1859:153 [ref. 371] and 1860:275, 302-305 [ref. 380]. •Valid as Amblyrhynchichthys Bleeker 1860 -- (Kottelat 1985:260 [ref. 11441], Roberts 1989:28 [ref. 6439], Doi 1997:2 [ref. 22832], Doi 2000:391 [ref. 25097], Ng & Kottelat 2004:425 [ref. 28003], Kottelat 2013:73 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini). Current status: Valid as Amblyrhynchichthys Bleeker 1860. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Amplolabrius Lin [S.-Y.] 1933:81 Masc. Amplolabrius mirus Lin 1933. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Semilabeo Peters 1881 -- (Wu et al. 1977:368 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:238 [ref. 13584], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:223 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:162 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:115 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Semilabeo Peters 1881. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Anchicyclocheilus Li [W.-X.] & Lan [J.-H.] 1992:46 Masc. Anchicyclocheilus halfibindus Li & Lan 1992. Type by original designation. •Valid as Anchicyclocheilus Li & Lan 1992 -- (Proudlove 2006:81 [ref. 28992]). •Synonym of Sinocyclocheilus Fang 1936 -- (Wang & Chen 1998:101 [ref. 26207], Wang & Chen 2000:630 [ref. 25055], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:78 [ref. 25272], Zhao & Zhang 2006:771 [ref. 31176], Kottelat 2013:163 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694], in Cyprininae, tribe Cyprinini). Current status: Synonym of Sinocyclocheilus Fang 1936. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Anematichthys (subgenus of Cyclocheilichthys) Bleeker [P.] 1859:371 Masc. Barbus apogon Valenciennes 1842. Type by monotypy. Apparently appeared first as name only in Bleeker 1859:431 [ref. 370] and dates to Bleeker 1859 as above (see Kottelat 1999:594 [ref. 24610]). Kottelat 2013:479 [ref. 32660] selects Cyclochelichthys over Anematichthys. •Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys Bleeker 1860 -- (Roberts 1989:33 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 1999:596 [ref. 24610]). •Valid as Anematichthys (Bleeker 1859) -- (Pasco-Viel et al. 2012:41 [ref. 32355]). • Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys Bleeker 1859 -- (Kottelat 2013:479 [ref. 32660], Kottelat 2013:91 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini). Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys Bleeker 1859. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Arabibarbus Borkenhagen [K.] 2014:1183 Masc. Arabibarbus hadhrami Borkenhagen 2014. Type by original designation. •Valid as Arabibarbus Borkenhagen 2014 -- (Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Torini, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:865 [ref. 34062], Borkenhagen 2017:295 [ref. 35158] in tribe Torini, Esmaeili et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Arabibarbus Borkenhagen 2014. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Aspiobarbus Berg [L. S.] 1933:148 Masc. Barbus comizo Steindachner 1864. Type by monotypy. Type species spelled comiza by Berg 1933. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Karaman 1971:192 [ref. 2560] Bănărescu 1997:20 [ref. 23274]). •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816, subgenus Luciobarbus Heckel 1843 -- (Doadrio 1990:269 [ref. 20132], Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:1 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus Heckel 1843. Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Aspiorhynchus Kessler [K. F.] 1879:289, 291 Masc. Aspiorhynchus przewalskii Kessler 1879. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Spelled Aspiorrhynchus and Aspiorrhyncho by Nikolskii 1897:346 [ref. 3201]. •Valid as Aspiorhynchus Kessler 1879 -- (Tsao 1964:167 [ref. 13501], Wu 1987:47 [ref. 12822], Mirza 1991:340 [ref. 19441], Wu & Wu 1992:408 [ref. 21205], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:336 [ref. 25272], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizothoracini, Zhang et al. 2016:116 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Aspiorhynchus Kessler 1879. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae.

Aspiostoma Nikolskii [A. M.] 1897:345 Neut. Aspiostoma zarudnyi Nikolskii 1897. Type by monotypy. Possibly preoccupied by Aspiostoma Martens 1869 in Mollusca, an emendation of Pyrostoma Vest 1867. •Synonym of Racoma McClelland & Griffith 1842 -- (Wu & Wu 1992:301 [ref. 21205]). •Synonym of Schizothoracichthys Misra 1962 -- (Tilak 1987:118 [ref. 23969] as Apiostoma, Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:275 [ref. 25272]). •Synonym of Schizothorax, subgenus Schizopyge Heckel 1843 -- (Tsao 1964:150 [ref. 13501], Mo in Chu & Chen 1989:287 [ref. 13584]). •Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838 -- (Kullander et al. 1999:111 [ref. 23689], Kottelat 2013:161 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizothoracini). Current status: Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae.

Aulopyge Heckel [J. J.] 1841:384 Fem. Aulopyge huegelii Heckel 1843. Type by subsequent monotypy. As above without named species. Also appeared in Heckel 1842:73 [ref. 33940], Heckel 1842:523 [see under ref. 2065] and Heckel 1843:1021 [ref. 2066]. •Valid as Aulopyge Heckel 1841 -- (Karaman 1971:191 [ref. 2560], Soric & Bănărescu 1999:367 [ref. 24858], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:110 [ref. 29996], Gante 2011:289 [ref. 31608], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Barbini). Current status: Valid as Aulopyge Heckel 1841. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Balantiocheilos Bleeker [P.] 1860:430 Masc. Barbus melanopterus Bleeker 1850. Type by subsequent monotypy. Appeared first in key, without included species. One species in Bleeker 1859:149 [ref. 371] and 1859:102 [ref. 369]. Subsequently spelled Balantiocheilus and Balantiochilus by Bleeker. •Valid as Balantiocheilos Bleeker 1860 -- (Wu et al. 1977:331 [ref. 4807], Kottelat 1985:260 [ref. 11441] and Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:147 [ref. 13584] as Balantiocheilus, Chu & Kottelat 1989:4 [ref. 12575], Kottelat 1989:6 [ref. 13605], Roberts 1989:29 [ref. 6439], Doi 1997:2 [ref. 22832], Ng & Kottelat 2007:13 [ref. 29118], Kottelat 2013:74 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini). Current status: Valid as Balantiocheilos Bleeker 1860. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Bangana (subgenus of Cyprinus) Hamilton [F.] 1822:277, 385 Fem. Cyprinus dero Hamilton 1822. Type by subsequent designation. Treated as feminine, Art. 30.2.4. Type designated by Jordan 1917:155 [ref. 2407]. The genera Bangana and Sinilabeo are thought by some workers to be the same, with many Asia species; both names were in current use, and the problem needs study. Chinese species have all been placed in Bangana. •Valid as Bangana Hamilton 1822 -- (Kottelat 1985:260 [ref. 11441], Kottelat 1989:6 [ref. 13605], Doi 1997:2 [ref. 22832], Bănărescu 1997:20 [ref. 23274], Zhang & Chen 2006:43 [ref. 28775], Liu & Zhou 2009:61 [ref. 30000], Zheng 2010:3 [ref. 30961], Kottelat & Steiner 2011:313 [ref. 31189], Zhu et al. 2011:39 [ref. 31305], Yang et al. 2012:369 [ref. 33458], Kottelat 2013:74 [ref. 32989], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:866 [ref. 34062], Zhang et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34477], Esmaeili et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35254], Kottelat 2017:494 [ref. 35262], Esmaeili et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Bangana Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Barbellion Whitley [G. P.] 1931:334 Neut. Barynotus lagensis Günther 1868. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Barynotus Günther 1868, preoccupied by Barynotus Germar 1817 in Coleoptera. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608]). •Mention -- (Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:88 [ref. 26519]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus Rüppell 1835 -- (Vreven et al. 2016:32 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus Rüppell 1835. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Barbichthys Bleeker [P.] 1860:424 Masc. Barbus laevis Valenciennes 1842. Type by subsequent monotypy. Apparently appeared first in key, without species. One valid species included by Bleeker 1859:147 [ref. 371] and 1860:115, 208 [ref. 380]. Type by subsequent monotypy. •Valid as Barbichthys Bleeker 1860 -- (Kottelat 1985:260 [ref. 11441], Kottelat 1989:6 [ref. 13605], Roberts 1989:29 [ref. 6439], Doi 1997:2 [ref. 22832], Yang et al. 2012:362 [ref. 33458] in Labeoini, Kottelat 2013:76 [ref. 32989] dated 1859). Current status: Valid as Barbichthys Bleeker 1860. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Barbodes (subgenus of Systomus) Bleeker [P.] 1859:361, 371 Masc. Barbodes maculatus Valenciennes 1842. Type by subsequent designation. Apparently appeared first as name only in Bleeker 1859:431 [ref. 370]. Dates to Bleeker 1859:361, 371 (see Kottelat 1999:594 [ref. 24610]). Also appeared in Bleeker papers in 1860. Type designated by Kottelat 1999:594 [ref. 24610]. •Synonym of Puntius Hamilton 1822 -- (Roberts 1989:60 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Systomus McClelland 1839 -- (Kottelat 1999:595 [ref. 24610]). •Valid as Barbodes Bleeker 1859 -- (Wu et al. 1977:234 [ref. 4807], Chen & Chu 1985:82 [ref. 5250], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:180 [ref. 13584], Kottelat 1989:6 [ref. 13605], Wu & Wu 1992:283 [ref. 21205], Doi 1997:2 [ref. 22832], Chen in Chen 1998:146 [ref. 23556], Chen et al. 1999:83 [ref. 23883], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:13 [ref. 25272], Ataur Rahman 2003:145 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:76, 482 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprinionae, tribe Smiliogastrini, Zhang et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes Bleeker 1859. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Barboides Brüning [C.] 1929:420 Masc. Barboides gracilis Brüning 1929. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Barboides Brüning 1929 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:217 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:287 [ref. 21589], Poll & Gosse 1995:161 [ref. 24781], Conway & Moritz 2006:78 [ref. 28637], De Weirdt et al. 2007:469 [ref. 30024], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini, Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Barboides Brüning 1929. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Barbonymus Kottelat [M.] 1999:595 Masc. Barbus schwanefeldii Bleeker 1854. Type by original designation. •Valid as Barbonymus Kottelat 1999 -- (Kottelat 2013:80 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini, Zhang et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Barbonymus Kottelat 1999. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Barbopsis Di Caporiacco [L.] 1926:23 Fem. Barbopsis devecchii Di Caporiacco 1926. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Barbopsis Di Caporiacco 1926 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:218 [ref. 6186], Poll & Gosse 1995:159 [ref. 24781], Proudlove 2006:61 [ref. 28992], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, incertae sedis, Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Barbopsis Di Caporiacco 1926. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Barbus Daudin [F. M.] 1805:58 Masc. Cyprinus barbus Linnaeus 1758. Type by absolute tautonymy. Fowler (MS) attributes to Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 (Dict. Nat., ed. 2, v. 4, suppl.) as prior to Cuvier 1816:192 [ref. 993]; see also Hoedeman 1958 [ref. 21477] who attributes authorship to Cuvier & Cloquet 1816. •Valid as Barbus Daudin 1805 (authorship often as Cuvier 1816 or Cuvier & Cloquet 1816) -- (Karaman 1971:192 [ref. 2560], Lévêque & Daget 1984:218 [ref. 6186], Kottelat 1985:260 [ref. 11441], Lévêque et al. 1988 [ref. 6865], Skelton 1988:294 [ref. 7302], Lévêque 1989 [ref. 12829], Lévêque 1989 [ref. 13471], Lévêque et al. 1989:116 [ref. 26480], Paugy & Bénech 1989:301 [ref. 26478], Krupp & Schneider 1989:359 [ref. 13651], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990 [ref. 17656], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990 [ref. 20130], Doadrio 1990 [ref. 20132], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:299 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477], Nagelkerke et al. 1994:1 [ref. 22791], Poll & Gosse 1995:163 [ref. 24781], Nagelkerke et al. 1995:431 [ref. 22792], Berrebi et al. 1996:5 [ref. 23253], Seegers 1996:92 [ref. 23725], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:105 [ref. 23829], Bogutskaya 1998:87 [ref. 23589], Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:89 [ref. 26519], Mina et al. 1998:9 [ref. 23808], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1998:5 [ref. 23807], Sibbing et al. 1998:217 [ref. 23830], Dankwa et al. 1999:26 [ref. 28023], Hänfling & Brandl 2000:267 [ref. 25144], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000:179 [ref. 24546], Tsignenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:165 [ref. 25489], Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:1 [ref. 27353], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:45 [ref. 28183], De Weirdt et al. 2007:471 [ref. 30024], Turan et al. 2009:15 [ref. 29999], Roberts 2010:187 [ref. 30988], Bamba et al. 2011:49 [ref. 31488], Gante 2011:289 [ref. 31608], Marshall 2011:80 [ref. 31755], Parin et al. 2014:69 [ref. 33547], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Barbini, Levin et al. 2012:542 [ref. 33912], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:866 [ref. 34062], Antal et al. 2016:187 [ref. 34094], Khaefi et al. 2017:33 [ref. 35140], Esmaeili et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35254], Khaefi et al. 2017:90 [ref. 35344], Çiçek et al. 2018:4 [ref. 36267], Esmaeili et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36089], Turan et al. 2018:539 [ref. 36092]). Current status: Valid as Barbus Daudin 1805. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Barynotus Günther [A.] 1868:61 Masc. Barynotus lagensis Günther 1868. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan 1919:351 [ref. 4904]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barynotus Germar 1817 in Coleoptera; replaced by and objective synonym of Barbellion Whitley 1931. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus Rüppell 1835 -- (Vreven et al. 2016:32, 62 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus Rüppell 1835. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Beirabarbus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1936:99 Masc. Beirabarbus palustris Herre 1936. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:219 [ref. 6186], Roberts 2010:188 [ref. 30988]). •Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867 -- (Karaman 1971:189 [ref. 2560], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:349 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Bengana (subgenus of Cyprinus) Gray [J. E.] 1835:Pl. 97 (v. 2) Fem. Cyprinus (Bengana) falcata Gray 1832. Type by monotypy. Not the same as Bengala (see Bănărescu 1997:20 [ref. 23274]) contrary to Eschmeyer & Bailey ("Genera" 1990). •Status uncertain -- (Bănărescu 1997:20 [ref. 23274]). Current status: Uncertain. Cyprinidae.

Bertinichthys Whitley [G. P.] 1953:133 Masc. Barbus lorteti Sauvage 1882. Type by being a replacement name. Unneeded replacement for Bertinius Fang 1943, not preoccupied by Bertinia Jousseaume 1883 in Mollusca. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Krupp 1985:67 [ref. 6403], Krupp & Schneider 1989:359 [ref. 13651], Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:1 [ref. 27353]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Bertinius Fang [P.-W.] 1943:400 Masc. Barbus lorteti Sauvage 1882. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Bertinichthys Whitley 1953 is an unneeded replacement, Bertinius not preoccupied. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Krupp 1985:67 [ref. 6403], Krupp & Schneider 1989:359 [ref. 13651], Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:1 [ref. 27353]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Caecobarbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1921:252 Masc. Caecobarbus geertsii Boulenger 1921. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Caecobarbus Boulenger 1921 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:298 [ref. 6186], Poll & Gosse 1995:159 [ref. 24781], Proudlove 2006:57 [ref. 28992], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, incertae sedis, Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Caecobarbus Boulenger 1921. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Caecocypris Banister [K. E.] & Bunni [M. K.] 1980:151 Fem. Caecocypris basimi Banister & Bunni 1980. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Caecocypris Banister & Bunni 1980 -- (Proudlove 2006:65 [ref. 28992]). Current status: Valid as Caecocypris Banister & Bunni 1980. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Capoeta Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:278 Fem. Cyprinus capoeta Güldenstädt 1773. Type by absolute tautonymy, not amphibia by subsequent designation of Bleeker 1863:200 [ref. 397], not fundulus as listed by Krupp & Schneider 1989:364 [ref. 13651]. But see Bănărescu 1999:383 [ref. 24846]. See Turan et al. 2006:151-152 [ref. 28700] for gender considerations. •Synonym of Varicorhinus Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:336 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Capoeta Valenciennes 1842 -- (Karaman 1969 [ref. 7823], Karaman 1971:221 [ref. 2560], Wu et al. 1977:258 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:164 [ref. 13584], Krupp & Schneider 1989:364 [ref. 13651], Coad & Krupp 1994:68 [ref. 23605], Bănărescu 1999:383 [ref. 24846], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:47 [ref. 28183], Turan et al. 2006:147 [ref. 28700], Turan et al. 2006:421 [ref. 28752], Özuluğ & Freyhof 2008:289 [ref. 29981], Turan et al. 2008:263 [ref. 29989], Küçük et al. 2009:71 [ref. 30468], Schöter et al. 2009:229 [ref. 30707], Bektaş et al. 2011:61 [ref. 31470], Levin et al. 2012:542 [ref. 33912], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Barbini, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:867 [ref. 34062], Zareian et al. 2016:126 [ref. 34227], Zareian et al. 2016:66 [ref. 34282], Esmaeili et al. 2016:35 [ref. 34283], Alwan et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34334], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2016:166 [ref. 34989], Alwan et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35686], Esmaeili et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35254], Turan et al. 2017:436 [ref. 35330], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2017:137 [ref. 35425], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2017:134 [ref. 35538], Zareian et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35636], Zareian & Esmaeili 2017:231 [ref. 36090], Çiçek et al. 2018:3 [ref. 36267], Elp et al. 2018:102 [ref. 35851], Esmaeili et al. 2018:18 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta Valenciennes 1842. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Carasobarbus Karaman [M. S.] 1971:230 Masc. Systomus luteus Heckel 1843. Type by original designation (also monotypic). See Kosswigobarbus for remarks on first reviser action. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608]). •Valid as Carasobarbus Karaman 1971 -- (Bănărescu 1997:20 [ref. 23274], Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:89 [ref. 26519], Borkenhagen et al. 2011:327 [ref. 31372], Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:5 [ref. 32915], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Torini, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:869 [ref. 34062], Doadrio et al. 2016:8 [ref. 34978], Mohamed et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35027], Borkenhagen 2017:295 [ref. 35158] in tribe Torini, Esmaeili et al. 2017:42 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Carasobarbus Karaman 1971. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Carassioides Oshima [M.] 1926:6 Masc. Carassioides rhombeus Oshima 1926. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Carassioides Oshima 1926 -- (Chen & Huang 1977:428 [ref. 8497], Wu 1987:44 [ref. 12822], Liu in Pan et al. 1991:227 [ref. 23876], Luo & Yue in Yue et al. 2000:425 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:84 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Cyprinini, Zhang et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Carassioides Oshima 1926. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Carassius (subgenus of Cyprinus) Jarocki [F. P.] 1822:54, 74 Masc. Cyprinus carassius Linnaeus 1758. Type by absolute tautonymy. Apparently first appeared in Jarocki 1822:54, 71 [ref. 4984]; Kottelat (2013) says 1822:54 and 74 in Jarocki 1822. This was credited to Jarocki on Feb. 5, 2013. •Valid as Carassius Jarocki 1822 -- (Chen & Huang 1977:430 [ref. 8497], Sawada in Masuda et al. 1984:57 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:216 [ref. 12442], Liu in Pan et al. 1991:229 [ref. 23876], Wu & Wu 1992:517 [ref. 21205], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:275 [ref. 21581], Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:45 [ref. 22798], Chen in Chen 1998:259 [ref. 23556], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678], Hänfling & Brandl 2000:267 [ref. 25144], Luo & Yue in Yue et al. 2000:427 [ref. 25272], Sideleva 2001:52 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:10 [ref. 27815], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:60 [ref. 28183], Allen et al. 2006:346 [ref. 29004], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:110 [ref. 29996], Fricke et al. 2009:22 [ref. 30213], Minckley & Marsh 2009:175 [ref. 31114], Marshall 2011:121 [ref. 31755], Kalous et al. 2012:11 [ref. 32063], Kottelat 2013:84 [ref. 32989], Parin et al. 2014:71 [ref. 33547], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Cyprinini, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:869 [ref. 34062], McDowall & Stewart 2015:312 [ref. 34241], Zhang et al. 2016:83 and 210 [ref. 34477], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:657 [ref. 34853], Esmaeili et al. 2017:42 [ref. 35254], Kottelat 2017:323 [ref. 35658], Esmaeili et al. 2018:23 [ref. 36089], Rylková et al. 2018:[1] [ref. 35881]). Current status: Valid as Carassius Jarocki 1822. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Carpio Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1014 Masc. Cyprinus kollarii Heckel 1836. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1863:24 [ref. 4859], 1863:262 [ref. 403] or 1863:191 [ref. 397]. Treated as masculine (Art. 30.2.4). •Invalid, based on an intergeneric hybrid -- (Bănărescu 1997:21 [ref. 23274]). •Synonym of Cyprinus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 2013:93 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Carpionichthys Bleeker [P.] 1863:262 Masc. Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Apparently not available, no species mentioned and no description. Type above as given by Jordan 1919:322 [ref. 4904]. •In the synonymy of Cyprinus Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Catla Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:410 Fem. Catla buchanani Valenciennes 1844 (= Cyprinus catla Hamilton 1822). Type by monotypy. Catla buchanani Valenciennes is an unneeded substitute for C. catla. Spelled Catlas by Agassiz 1845:12 [ref. 4889] and 1846:68 [ref. 64]. •Objective synonym of Gibelion Heckel 1843. •Valid as Catla Valenciennes 1844 -- (Jayaram 1981:131 [ref. 6497], Kottelat 1989:6 [ref. 13605], Ataur Rahman 1989:138 [ref. 24860], Ataur Rahman 2003:157 [ref. 31338]). •Valid as Gibelion Heckel 1843 -- (Kottelat 2013:107 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816. Current status: Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Catlocarpio Boulenger [G. A.] 1898:450 Masc. Catlocarpio siamensis Boulenger 1898. Type by monotypy. Catalocarpio is a misspelling. •Valid as Catlocarpio Boulenger 1898 -- (Kottelat 1985:261 [ref. 11441], Suzuki & Taki 1988 [ref. 12747], Kottelat 1989:6 [ref. 13605], Doi 1997:20 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:85 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Probarbini). Current status: Valid as Catlocarpio Boulenger 1898. Cyprinidae: Probarbinae.

Caucus Bory de Saint-Vincent [J. B. G. M.] 1823:283 Masc. Cyprinus caucus Molina 1782. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •According to Whitley 1935:136 [ref. 6396], "His new genus Caucus (Vol. iii, 1823, 283) is a Chilean cyprinoid." Current status: Unknown. Cyprinidae.

Cephalakompsus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1924:276 Masc. Cephalakompsus pachycheilus Herre 1924. Type by monotypy. Also in Herre 1924:1568 [ref. 2120]; earliest not established. •Probably valid -- (Kornfield & Carpenter 1984:75 [ref. 5435]). •Probably a synonym of Puntius Hamilton 1822 -- (Bănărescu 1997:21 [ref. 23274] as Cephalacompsus). •Synonym of Barbodes Bleeker 1859 -- (Kottelat 2013:76 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes Bleeker 1859. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Chagunius Smith [H. M.] 1938:157 Masc. Cyprinus chagunio Hamilton 1822. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Chagunius Smith 1938 -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:108 [ref. 24860], Jayaram 1981:123 [ref. 6497], Rainboth 1986 [ref. 5849], Rainboth 1989:24 [ref. 13537], Kottelat 1989:6 [ref. 13605], Doi 1997:20 [ref. 22832], Ataur Rahman 2003:125 [ref. 31338], Yang et al. 2012:26 [ref. 32362], Kottelat 2013:86 [ref. 32989] but listes as 1933 in one place, Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini). Current status: Valid as Chagunius Smith 1938. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Cheilobarbus (subgenus of Barbus) Smith [A.] 1841:Pl. 10 Masc. Barbus (Cheilobarbus) capensis Smith 1841. Type by monotypy. Type designated by Jordan 1919:244 [ref. 2410]. •Synonym of Tor Gray 1834 -- (Karaman 1971:224 [ref. 2560]). •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:218 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Pseudobarbus Smith 1841 by placement of capensis -- (Vreven et al. 2016:32 [ref. 34168]). •Valid as Cheilobarbus Smith 1841 -- (Skelton et al. 2018:17 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Cheilobarbus Smith 1841. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Chrysophekadion Bleeker [P.] 1860:424 Neut. Rohita chrysophekadion Bleeker 1849. Type by absolute tautonymy. Apparently appeared first in key without included species; one species (with synonyms) included by Bleeker 1859:145 [ref. 371] and four more on p. 259 [ref. 380]. Kottelat 2013:114 says an unneeded replacement name for Morelius Hamilton 1822. •Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816 -- (Kottelat 2013:114 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Labeonini). Current status: Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Chuanchia Herzenstein [S. M.] 1891:223 Fem. Chuanchia labiosa Herzenstein 1891. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Chuanchia Herzenstein 1891 -- (Tsao 1964:191 [ref. 13501], Wu 1987:47 [ref. 12822], Mirza 1991:340 [ref. 19441], Wu & Wu 1992:510 [ref. 21205], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:242 [ref. 23556], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:385 [ref. 25272], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizopygopsini, Zhang et al. 2016:116 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Chuanchia Herzenstein 1891. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae.

Cirrhinichthys Bleeker [P.] 1863:202 Masc. Cirrhina dussumieri Valenciennes 1842. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Also appeared in Bleeker 1863:263 [ref. 403] and 1863:28 [ref. 4859]. Correct spelling for genus of type species is Cirrhinus. •Synonym of Cirrhinus Oken 1817 -- (Roberts 1997:173 [ref. 23550]). •Synonym of Gymnostomus Heckel 1843-- (Kottelat 2013:108 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnostomus Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Cirrhinus Oken [L.] (ex Cuvier) 1817:1182a, 1183 Masc. Cyprinus cirrhosus Bloch 1795. Type by monotypy. Based on "Les Cirrhines" Cuvier 1816:193 [ref. 993] (see Gill 1903:966 [ref. 5768]). Misspelled or unjustifiably emended to Cirrhina, Cirrhines and Cirrhine by early authors. •Valid as Cirrhinus Oken 1817 -- (Wu et al. 1977:352 [ref. 4807], Jayaram 1981:126 [ref. 6497], Kottelat 1985:261 [ref. 11441], Kottelat 1989:6 [ref. 13605], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:265 [ref. 13584], Ataur Rahman 1989:122 [ref. 24860], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:175 [ref. 23876] as Cirrhina, Doi 1997:20 [ref. 22832], Roberts 1997:173 [ref. 23550], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:200 [ref. 25272], Ataur Rahman 2003:140 [ref. 31338], Zheng 2010:3 [ref. 30961], Yang et al. 2012:370 [ref. 33458], Kottelat 2013:87 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:108 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Cirrhinus Oken 1817. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Clypeobarbus (subgenus of Barbus) Fowler [H. W.] 1936:272 Masc. Barbus kemoensis Fowler 1936. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:218 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Clypeobarbus Fowler 1936 -- (Conway & Stiassny 2008:260, 262 [ref. 29761], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini, Stiassny & Sakharova 2016:1397 [ref. 34176], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Clypeobarbus Fowler 1936. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Cophecheilus Zhu [Y.], Zhang [E], Zhang [M.] & Han [Y.-Q.] 2011:41 Masc. Cophecheilus bamen Zhu, Zhang, Zhang & Han 2011. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Cophecheilus Zhu, Zhang, Zhang & Han 2011 -- (He et al. 2015:299 [ref. 33757], Zhang et al. 2016:108 [ref. 34477], Zheng et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34678]). Current status: Valid as Cophecheilus Zhu, Zhang, Zhang & Han 2011. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Coptostomabarbus David [L.] & Poll [M.] 1937:223 Masc. Coptostomabarbus wittei David & Poll 1937. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Coptostomabarbus David & Poll 1937 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:300 [ref. 6186] as Coptostomobarbus, Poll & Gosse 1995:163 [ref. 24781], Farm 2000:980 [ref. 25015], Marshall 2011:79 [ref. 31755] as Coptostomobarbus, Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, incertae sedis). Current status: Valid as Coptostomabarbus David & Poll 1937. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Cosmochilus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1878:240 Masc. Cosmochilus harmandi Sauvage 1878. Type by monotypy. Also appeared in Sauvage 1882:180 [ref. 3894]. •Valid as Cosmochilus Suavage 1878 -- (Kottelat 1985:261 [ref. 11441], Chu & Roberts 1985 [ref. 5244], Roberts 1989:31 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 1989:7 [ref. 13605], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:162 [ref. 13584], Chen et al. 1992 [ref. 21068], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:89 [ref. 25272], Pasco-Viel 2012:41 [ref. 32355], Kottelat 2013:89 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini, Zhang et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Cosmochilus Sauvage 1878. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Crossocheilichthys (subgenus of Crossocheilos) Bleeker [P.] 1859:335 Masc. Lobocheilos cobitis Bleeker 1854. Type by monotypy. Also in Bleeker 1860:122 [ref. 380]. •Synonym of Crossocheilus Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823 -- (Kottelat 2013:89 [ref. 32989], Ciccotto et al. 2017:272 [ref. 35402]). Current status: Synonym of Crossocheilus Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Crossocheilus Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in van Hasselt 1823:132 Masc. Crossocheilus oblongus Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823. Type by monotypy. Also spelled Crostocheilus in text and in 1824 [ref. 5104]. Crossocheilus selected by Kottelat (1987:371 [ref. 5962]). Crossocheilos is a misspelling; Crossochilus Günther 1868:71 [ref. 1990] is an unjustified emendation. •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822 -- (Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:197 [ref. 34083]). •Valid as Crossocheilus Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823 -- (Karaman 1971:236 [ref. 2560], Jayaram 1981:133 [ref. 6497], Roberts 1989:32 [ref. 6439], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:243 [ref. 13584], Kottelat 1989:7 [ref. 13605], Ataur Rahman 1989:140 [ref. 24860], Menon & Jacob 1996:62 [ref. 22482], Doi 1997:20 [ref. 22832], Zhang & Chen 1997:321 [ref. 23731], Yang & Winterbottom 1998:49 [ref. 23307], Chen in Chen 1998:171 [ref. 23556], Su et al. 2000:215 [ref. 25281], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:207 [ref. 25272], Ataur Rahman 2003:159 [ref. 31338], Costa & Vono 2009:36 [ref. 30258], Zheng 2010:3 [ref. 30961], Zhu et al. 2011:46 [ref. 31305], Kottelat & Tan 2011:195 [ref. 31486], Yang et al. 2012:370 [ref. 33458], Kottelat 2013:89 [ref. 32989], Ciccotto & Page 2016:474 [ref. 34501], Zhang et al. 2016:108 [ref. 34477] with author as Hasselt, Ciccotto et al. 2017:270 [ref. 35402], Iqbal et al. 2017:1121 [ref. 35858]). Current status: Valid as Crossocheilus Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Cyclocheilichthys Bleeker [P.] 1859:371 Masc. Systomus apogon Valenciennes 1842. Type by monotypy. Genus dates to Bleeker 1859 as above, with type species as above (see Kottelat 1999:596 [ref. 24610]). Kottelat (1999:597) declared it as a Nomen Protectum when treated as a synonym of Cyclocheilos Bleeker 1859. •Valid as Cyclocheilichthys Bleeker 1859 -- (Wu et al. 1977:321 [ref. 4807], Kottelat 1985:262 [ref. 11441], Chen & Chu 1985:82 [ref. 5250], Sontirat 1985:41 [ref. 33172], Kottelat 1989:7 [ref. 13605], Roberts 1989:33 [ref. 6439], Doi 1997:21 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1999:597 [ref. 24610], Kottelat & Bréhier 1999:353 [ref. 24929], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:150 [ref. 25272], Roberts 2010:188 [ref. 30988], Pasco-Viel et al. 2012:42 [ref. 32355], Pasco-Veil et al. 2013:483 [ref. 32659], Kottelat 2013:479 [ref. 32660], Kottelat 2013:91 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini, Zhang et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Cyclocheilichthys Bleeker 1859. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Cyclocheilos Bleeker [P.] 1859:386 Masc. Barbus macracanthus Bleeker 1854. Type by monotypy. Name later changed to Cyclocheilichthys by Bleeker. Cyclocheilichthys established as a nomen protectum by Kottelat 1999:597 [ref. 24610], but now Cyclocheilos is treated as valid. •In the synonymy of Cyclocheilichthys Bleeker 1859 -- (Kottelat 1999:597 [ref. 24610]). •Valid as Cyclocheilos Bleeker 1859 -- (Pasco -Viel et al. 2013:483 [ref. 32659], Kottelat 2013:93 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini). Current status: Valid as Cyclocheilos Bleeker 1859. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Cyprinion Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1015 Neut. Cyprinion macrostomus Heckel 1843. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan 1919:211 [ref. 2410]. Cyprinium Agassiz 1846:114 [ref. 64] is an unjustified emendation. •Valid as Cyprinion Heckel 1843 -- (Karaman 1971:221 [ref. 2560], Howes 1982:331 [ref. 14202], Jayaram 1981:130 [ref. 6497], Kottelat 1989:7 [ref. 13605], Chen 1989:118 [ref. 14144], Bănărescu & Herzig-Straschil 1995:411 [ref. 23275], Doi 1997:21 [ref. 22832], Gante 2011:289 [ref. 31608], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Barbini, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:870 [ref. 34062], Nasri et al. 2016:251 [ref. 34951], Esmaeili et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:25 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinion Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Cyprinopsis Fitzinger [L. J. F. J.] 1832:334 Fem. Cyprinus carassius Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Type designation apparently dates to Jordan 1919:187 [ref. 2410]. •Synonym of Carassius Nilsson 1832 [or Jarocki 1822] -- (Luo & Yue in Yue et al. 2000:427 [ref. 25272]). •Synonym of Carassius Jarocki 1822 -- (Kottelat 2013:84 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Cyprinini). Current status: Synonym of Carassius Jarocki 1822. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Cyprinopsis Blanchard [C. E.] 1866:335 Fem. Blanchard (p. 335) clearly refers to Fitzinger as author of genus, so Blanchard's treatment is not regarded as an original description; see Fitzinger 1832. Cyprinidae.

Cyprinus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:320 Masc. Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Desmarest 1856:283 [ref. 17401] -- see Whitley 1939:225 [ref. 25866] but Whitley has incorrect date for Desmarest; also by Jordan & Gilbert 1883:254 [ref. 2476]. On Official List (Opinion 77). Misspelled Ciprinus by Anonymous (Cabrera, Pérez & Haenseler) 1817:9 [ref. 17319], see Graells 1887:183 [ref. 30438]. •Valid as Cyprinus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Chen & Huang 1977:401 [ref. 8497], Sawada in Masuda et al. 1984:58 [ref. 6441], Zhou in Chu & Chen 1989:329 [ref. 13584], Liu in Pan et al. 1991:224 [ref. 23876], Wu & Wu 1992:515 [ref. 21205], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:272 [ref. 21581], Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:46 [ref. 22798], Chen in Chen 1998:248 [ref. 23556], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678], Hänfling & Brandl 2000:267 [ref. 25144], Luo & Yue in Yue et al. 2000:399 [ref. 25272], Sideleva 2001:53 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:10 [ref. 27815], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:61 [ref. 28183], Allen et al. 2006:346 [ref. 29004], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:110 [ref. 29996], Fricke et al. 2009:23 [ref. 30213], Minckley & Marsh 2009:179 [ref. 31114], Marshall 2011:119 [ref. 31755], Kottelat 2013:93 [ref. 32989], Parin et al. 2014:74 [ref. 33547], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Cyprinini, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:870 [ref. 34062], McDowall & Stewart 2015:314 [ref. 34241], Pietsch & Orr 2015:19 [ref. 34694], Zhang et al. 2016:84 [ref. 34477], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:658 [ref. 34853], Esmaeili et al. 2017:46 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36089], Fricke et al. 2018:59 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinus Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Cyrene Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1024 Fem. Cyrene ocellata Heckel 1843. Type by subsequent designation. Type apparently designated first by Jordan 1919:215 [ref. 2410]. •Synonym of Dangila Valenciennes 1842 -- (Roberts 1989:37 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Labiobarbus van Hasselt 1823 -- (Roberts 1994:317 [ref. 22596], Kottelat 2013:117 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Labiobarbus van Hasselt 1823. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Dangila Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:229 Fem. Dangila leptocheilus Valenciennes 1842. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1863:24 [ref. 4859] or 1863:193 [ref. 397], as "Dangila leptocheilus Val. = Dangila Cuvieri Val." •Synonym of Labiobarbus van Hasselt 1823 -- (Jayaram 1981:121 [ref. 6497]). •Valid as Dangila Valenciennes 1842 -- (Roberts 1989:37 [ref. 6439] with Labiobarbus as unidentifiable). •Synonym of Labiobarbus van Hasselt 1823 -- (Roberts 1994:317 [ref. 22596], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:203 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:117 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:112 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Labiobarbus van Hasselt 1823. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Dawkinsia Pethiyagoda [R.], Meegaskumbura [M.] & Maduwage [K.] 2012:80 Fem. Leuciscus filamentosus Valenciennes 1844. Type by original designation. •Valid as Dawkinsia Pethiyagoda, Meegaskumbura & Maduwage 2012 -- (Pethiyagoda 2013:199 [ref. 32691], Raghavan et al. 2013:4936 [ref. 32992], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini). Current status: Valid as Dawkinsia Pethiyagoda, Meegaskumbura & Maduwage 2012. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Desmopuntius Kottelat [M.] 2013:482 Masc. Barbus hexazona Weber & de Beaufort 1912. Type by original designation. •Valid as Desmopuntius Kottelat 2013 -- (Kottelat 2013:97 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini). Current status: Valid as Desmopuntius Kottelat 2013. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Dillonia Heckel [J. J.] 1847:285 Fem. Chondrostoma dillonii Valenciennes 1844. Type by monotypy. Lévêque and Daget 1984, Fowler (MS), and authors cite Heckel 1842:1020 [ref. 2067], but Dillonia not found there; apparently dates to 1847 as above. •Synonym of Varicorhinus Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:336 [ref. 6186]). •In Cyprininae, tribe Torini -- (on Varicorhinus Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus Rüppell 1835. Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus Rüppell 1835. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Diplocheilichthys Bleeker [P.] 1859:144 Masc. Lobocheilos pleurotaenia Bleeker 1855. Type by subsequent monotypy. Apparently appeared first in key without species as above; one species included by Bleeker 1859:144 [ref. 371] and 1860:143 [ref. 380]. Regarded as a nomen oblitum by Roberts 1989:45 [ref. 6439] and in the synonymy of Osteochilus Günther 1868. Predates Osteochilus Günther 1868 (see remarks by Kottelat 1989:10 [ref. 13605]). •Valid as Diplocheilichthys Bleeker 1859 -- (Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:149 [ref. 28284], Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Diplocheilichthys Bleeker 1859. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Diplocheilos (subgenus of Labeo) Bleeker [P.] 1860:133, 135 Masc. Labeo erythropterus Valenciennes 1842. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated as Diplocheilus erythropterus van Hasselt by Bleeker 1863:194 [ref. 397]. Genus Diplocheilus and species erythropterus van Hasselt 1823 regarded as without diagnostic features (see Kottelat 1987:371 [ref. 5962]). Treated by Roberts 1989:45 [ref. 6439] as a nomen oblitum in the synonymy of Osteochilus Günther 1868, but with type as Labeo rohitoides Bleeker 1857 by monotypy. Kotttelat 2013 dates to 1859:144, 259 (not checked). •Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816 -- (Kottelat 2013:114 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteochilus Günther 1868. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Diplocheilus van Hasselt [J. C.] 1823:132 Masc. Diplocheilus erythopterus van Hasselt 1823. Type by monotypy. Brief description of genus and species regarded as without distinguishing features and therefore not available (Kottelat 1987:371 [ref. 5962]). Described by Bleeker 1860 as Diplocheilos to which genus can date. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Diptychus Steindachner [F.] 1866:787 Masc. Diptychus maculatus Steindachner 1866. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Diptychus Steindachner 1866 -- (Tsao 1964:169 [ref. 13501], Jayaram 1981:69 [ref. 6497], Tilak 1987:79 [ref. 23969], Wu 1987:47 [ref. 12822], Mirza 1991:340 [ref. 19441], Wu & Wu 1992:420 [ref. 21205], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:225 [ref. 23556], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:338 [ref. 25272], Chen & Chen 2001:147 [ref. 25461], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizopygopsini, Zhang et al. 2016:116 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Diptychus Steindachner 1866. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae.

Discherodontus Rainboth [W. J.] 1989:4 Masc. Barbus ashmeadi Fowler 1937. Type by original designation. •Valid as Discherodontus Rainboth 1989 -- (Doi 1997:21 [ref. 22832], Bănărescu 1997:21 [ref. 23274], Yang et al. 2012:26 [ref. 32362], Kottelat 2013:100 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini, Zhang et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Discherodontus Rainboth 1989. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Discocheilus Zhang [E] 1997:224 Masc. Discolabeo wui Chen & Lan 1992. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Replacement name for Discolabeo Chen 1992, preoccupied by Discolabeo Fowler 1937. •Valid as Discocheilus Zhang 1997 -- (Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:268 [ref. 25272], Zhang 2005:139 [ref. 28426], Zheng 2010:3 [ref. 30961], Zhu et al. 2011:46 [ref. 31305], Zhang & Zhou 2012:22 [ref. 32322], Zhang et al. 2016:109 [ref. 34477]). •Possible synonym of Discogobio Lin 1931 -- (Zheng et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34678]). Current status: Valid as Discocheilus Zhang 1997. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Discognathichthys Bleeker [P.] 1860:423 Masc. Discognathus variabilis Heckel 1843. Type by subsequent designation. Apparently appeared first in key, without species. Species added by Bleeker 1860:111, 128 [ref. 380] and type designated (p. 128). •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822 -- (Karaman 1971:232 [ref. 2560], Roberts 1989:40 [ref. 6439], Krupp & Schneider 1989:367 [ref. 13651], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Discognathus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1027 Masc. Discognathus variabilis Heckel 1843. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1863:24 [ref. 4859], 1863:262 [ref. 403], and 1863:192 [ref. 397]. •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822 -- (Karaman 1971:232 [ref. 2560], Wu et al. 1977:372 [ref. 4807], Lévêque & Daget 1984:301 [ref. 6186], Roberts 1989:40 [ref. 6439], Krupp & Schneider 1989:367 [ref. 13651], Wu & Wu 1992:292 [ref. 21205], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:237 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Discogobio Lin [S.-Y.] 1931:72 Masc. Discogobio tetrabarbatus Lin 1931. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Discogobio Lin 1931 -- (Wu et al. 1977:384 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:281 [ref. 13584], Cui et al. 1993:156 [ref. 20832], Chu et al. 1993:237 [ref. 21976], Chen & in Chen 1998:182 [ref. 23556], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:252 [ref. 25272], Zhang 2005:139 [ref. 28426], Zhou et al. 2005:445 [ref. 28432], Zheng & Zhou 2008:256 [ref. 29027], Zheng 2010:3 [ref. 30961], Zhu et al. 2011:46 [ref. 31305], Zhong & Zhou 2012:22 [ref. 32322], Zhang & Zhou 2012:22 [ref. 32322], Kottelat 2013:100 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:109 [ref. 34477], Zheng et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34678]). Current status: Valid as Discogobio Lin 1931. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Discolabeo Fowler [H. W.] 1937:210 Masc. Discolabeo fisheri Fowler 1937. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Discolabeo Fowler 1937 -- (Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:183 [ref. 23876], Zhang et al. 2016:110 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822 -- (Roberts 1989:40 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Discolabeo Fowler 1937. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Discolabeo Chen [J.-X.] in Chen & Lan 1992:108 Masc. Discolabeo wui Chen & Lan 1992. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Objectively invalid, preoccupied by Discolabeo Fowler 1937. Replaced by Discocheilus Zhang 1997. •Synonym of Discocheilus Zheng 1997 -- (Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:269 [ref. 25272]). •Synonym of Discogobio Lin 1931. Current status: Synonym of Discocheilus Zhang 1997. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Dravidia Pethiyagoda [R.], Meegaskumbura [M.] & Maduwage [K.] 2012:78 Fem. Cirrhinus fasciatus Jerdon 1849. Type by original designation. Preoccupied by Dravidia 2010 by Lehrer in Diptera (Sarcophagidae); replaced by Haludaria Pethiyagoda 2013 [ref. 32691]. •Synonym of Haludaria Pethiyagoda 2013 -- (Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] on Haludaria in Cyprininae, tribe Smiligastrini). Current status: Synonym of Haludaria Pethiyagoda 2013. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Eechathalakenda Menon [A. G. K.] 1999:83 Fem. Barbus (Puntius) ophicephalus Raj 1941. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Puntius Hamilton 1822 based on current placement of type species. •Tentatively valid as Eechathalakenda Menon 1999 -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:83 [ref. 32071]). Current status: Valid as Eechathalakenda Menon 1999. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Eilichthys Pellegrin [J.] 1929:204 Masc. Eilichthys microphthalmus Pellegrin 1929. Type by monotypy. Misspelled Eileichthys in Zoological Record for 1929. •Synonym of Barbopsis Di Caporiacco 1926 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:218 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Synonym of Barbopsis Di Caporiacco 1926. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Eirmotus Schultz [L. P.] 1959:10 Masc. Eirmotus octozona Schultz 1959. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Eirmotus Schultz 1959 -- (Kottelat 1982:431 [ref. 2667], Kottelat 1989:7 [ref. 13605], Roberts 1989:38 [ref. 6439], Doi 1997:21 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Bréhier 1999:354 [ref. 24929], Tan & Kottelat 2008:423 [ref. 29780], Roberts 2010:188 [ref. 30988], Kottelat 2013:100 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini). Current status: Valid as Eirmotus Schultz 1959. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Englottogaster Gistel [J.] 1848:X Fem. Barbus (Oreinus) guttatus McClelland 1838. Type by being a replacement name. Unneeded replacement for "Oreina [sic] Valenc. XVI, 1842, p. 224" [=Oreinus McClelland 1838], not preoccupied by Oreina of earlier authors. •Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838 -- (Tilak 1987:47 [ref. 23969], Mo in Chu & Chen 1989:287 [ref. 13584], Wu & Wu 1992:389 [ref. 21205], Kullander et al. 1999:111 [ref. 23689], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:275 [ref. 25272] as Englottogatus). •Synonym of Oreinus McClelland 1838 -- (Kottelat 2013:133 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Oreinus McClelland 1838. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae.

Enteromius Cope [E. D.] 1867:405 Masc. Enteromius potamogalis Cope 1867. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:218 [ref. 6186], Roberts 2010:188 [ref. 30988]). •Valid as Enteromius Cope 1867 -- (Karaman 1971:189 [ref. 2560], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini, Lederoun & Vreven 2016:97 [ref. 34899], Van Ginneken et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35381] with qualifications, Hayes & Armbruster 2017:349 [ref. 35417], Schmidt et al. 2018:566 [ref. 36148]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius Cope 1867. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Epalzeorhynchos Bleeker [P.] 1855:258, 270 Neut. Barbus kalopterus Bleeker 1850. Type by monotypy. Spelled two ways when originally proposed: Epalzeorhijnchos (p. 258, 270) and Epalzeorhynchos (p. 260, 270), the later correctly formed. Spelled Epalzeorhynchus by Bleeker 1863:192 [ref. 397] and authors. •Valid as Epalzeorhynchos Bleeker 1855 -- (Wu et al. 1977:357 [ref. 4807], Bailey in Böhlke 1984:76 [ref. 13621], Kottelat 1985:262 [ref. 11441], Roberts 1989:38 [ref. 6439], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:232 [ref. 13584], Kottelat 1989:7 [ref. 13605], Doi 1997:21 [ref. 22832], Yang & Winterbottom 1998:48 [ref. 23307], Chen in Chen 1998:169 [ref. 23556], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:211 [ref. 25272], Zhang & Kottelat 2006:21 [ref. 28711], Kottelat & Hui 2011:197 [ref. 31486], Kottelat 2013:101 [ref. 32989], Kulabtong et al. 2014:371 [ref. 33425], Ciccotto & Page 2016:475 [ref. 34501]). Current status: Valid as Epalzeorhynchos Bleeker 1855. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Estevea Whitley [G. P.] 1953:133 Fem. Barbus (Hemigrammocapoeta) mirei Estève 1952. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Hemigrammocapoeta Estève 1952, preoccupied by Hemigrammocapoeta Pellegrin 1927 in same family. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:219 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867 -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:349 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Fivepearlus Li [C.-Q.], Yang [H.-F.], Li [W.-X.] & Chen [H.-Y.] in Yang, Li, Chen & Li 2017:60 Masc. Fivepearlus yunnanensis Li, Yang, Li & Chen 2017. Type by original designation (and monotypic). •Valid as Fivepearlus Li, Yang, Li & Chen 2017. Current status: Valid as Fivepearlus Li, Yang, Li & Chen 2017. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Folifer (subgenus of Tor) Wu [H.-W.] in Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen & He 1977:327 Masc. Barbus (Labeobarbus) brevifilis Peters 1881. Type by original designation (one species, two subspecies). •Synonym of Tor Gray 1833, but a valid subgenus Folifer as described -- (Chen & Chu 1985 [ref. 5250], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:137 [ref. 13584], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:165 [ref. 23876], Bănărescu 1997:21 [ref. 23274], Chen in Chen 1998:167 [ref. 23556], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:154 [ref. 25272] as Foliter in some places). •Valid as Folifer Wu 1977 -- (Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Acrosscheilini, Zhang et al. 2016:90 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Folifer Wu 1977. Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae.

Fustis Lin [S.-Y.] 1932:517 Masc. Fustis vivus Lin 1932. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Fustis Lin 1932 -- (Wu et al. 1977:268 [ref. 4807]). •Synonym of Luciocyprinus Vaillant 1904 -- (Kottelat 1983 [ref. 6013], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:159 [ref. 13584], Kottelat 2013:121 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] on Luciocyprinus in Cyprininae, tribe Cyprinini, Zhang et al. 2016:90 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Luciocyprinus Vaillant 1904. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Garra (subgenus of Cyprinus) Hamilton [F.] 1822:343, 393 Fem. Cyprinus (Garra) lamta Hamilton 1822. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1863:192 [ref. 397], 1863:262 [ref. 403] or 1863:24 [ref. 4859]. •Valid as Garra Hamilton 1822 -- (Karaman 1971:232 [ref. 2560], Wu et al. 1977:372 [ref. 4807], Jayaram 1981:134 [ref. 6497], Lévêque & Daget 1984:301 [ref. 6186], Kottelat 1985:262 [ref. 11441], Chu & Cui 1987 [ref. 19903], Roberts 1989:40 [ref. 6439], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:269 [ref. 13584], Kottelat 1989:8 [ref. 13605], Ataur Rahman 1989:141 [ref. 24860], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:180 [ref. 23876], Krupp & Schneider 1989:367 [ref. 13651], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:282 [ref. 21589], Wu & Wu 1992:292 [ref. 21205], Rema Devi 1993:244 [ref. 23727], Poll & Gosse 1995:165 [ref. 24781], Doi 1997:21 [ref. 22832], Chen in Chen 1998:175 [ref. 23556], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:237 [ref. 25272], Ataur Rahman 2003:160 [ref. 31338], Kullander & Fang 2004:257 [ref. 27857], Zhang 2005:9 [ref. 28349], Zhang 2005:138 [ref. 28426], Zhou et al. 2005:445 [ref. 28432], Zhang 2006:447 [ref. 28912], Proudlove 2006:66 [ref. 28992], Stiassny & Getahun 2007:51 [ref. 29119], De Weirdt et al. 2007:533 [ref. 30024], Li et al. 2008:62 [ref. 29588], Vishwanath & Linthoingambi 2008:101 [ref. 30107], Krupp & Budd 2009:120 [ref. 30148], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:197 [ref. 30177], Chen et al. 2009:438 [ref. 30322], Habteselassie et al. 2010:43 [ref. 30774], Zheng 2010:3 [ref. 30961], Zhu et al. 2011:46 [ref. 31305], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:220 [ref. 31583], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2353 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:1 [ref. 31861], Zhang & Zhou 2012:22 [ref. 32322], Yang et al. 2012:362 [ref. 33458], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4368 [ref. 32715], Tamang 2013:31 [ref. 32803], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanah 2013:97 [ref. 33006], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Lothongkham et al. 2014:543 [ref. 33283], Arunachalam et al. 2014:58 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:43 [ref. 33405], Hamidan et al. 2014:223 [ref. 33626], Vilasri et al. 2014:19 [ref. 33693], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:305 [ref. 33758], Thoni & Mayden 2015:284 [ref. 33873], Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:75 [ref. 34042], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:263 [ref. 34052], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:871 [ref. 34062], Mousavi-Sabet & Eagderi 2016:45 [ref. 34341], Zheng et al. 2016:299 [ref. 34363], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:84 [ref. 34491], Yu et al. 2016:295 [ref. 34494], Ciccotto & Page 2016:475 [ref. 34501], Zhang et al. 2016:110 [ref. 34477], Esmaeili et al. 2016:82 [ref. 34620], Lyon et al. 2016:79 [ref. 34670], Thoni et al. 2016:115 [ref. 34747], Freyhof 2016:496 [ref. 34805], Kangrang et al. 2016:335 [ref. 34836], Rahman et al. 2016:173 [ref. 34903], Mousavi-Sabet et al. 2016:133 [ref. 34988], Roni et al. 2017:367 [ref. 35205], Esmaeili et al. 2017:46 [ref. 35254], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:17 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:133 [ref. 35625], Rayamajhi & Arunachalam 2017:402 [ref. 35691], Premananda et al. 2017:191 [ref. 35861], Çiçek et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36267], Deng et al. 2018:94 [ref. 36132], Esmaeili et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36089], Pichler et al. 2018:[1] [ref. 35892], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:263 [ref. 35749], Sun et al. 2018:49 [ref. 35784], Yoğurtçuoğlu et al. 2018:281 [ref. 36205]). Current status: Valid as Garra Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Gibbibarbus Dai [D.-Y.] 1988:88 Masc. Gibbibarbus cyphotergous Dai 1988. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Gibbibarbus Dai 1998 -- (Wang et al. 1995:166 [ref. 31356]). •Synonym of Sinocyclocheilus Fang 1936, but a valid subgenus Gibbibarbus -- (Zhang & Zhao 2001:105 [ref. 25250]). •Synonym of Sinocyclocheilus Fang 1936 -- (Wang & Chen 2000:630 [ref. 25055], Zhao & Zhang 2006:771 [ref. 31176], Kottelat 2013:163 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Cyprinini, Huang et al. 2017:1487 [ref. 35602]). Current status: Synonym of Sinocyclocheilus Fang 1936. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Gibelion Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1014 Neut. Cyprinus catla Hamilton 1822. Type by subsequent designation. Species misspelled Cyprinus catta by Heckel. Type designated by Jordan 1919:211 [ref. 2410]. Apparently predates Catla Valenciennes 1844, and would be valid as Gibelion Heckel 1843. •Valid as Gibelion Heckel 1943 -- (Kottelat 2013:107 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816 -- (Yang et al. 2012:369 [ref. 33458]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Gnathendalia Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:57 Fem. Gnathendalia vulnerata Castelnau 1861. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:218 [ref. 6186]). •Snonym of Pseudobarbus Smith 1841. Current status: Synonym of Pseudobarbus Smith 1841. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Gobionichthys (subgenus of Lobocheilos) Bleeker [P.] 1859:145 Masc. Gobio microcephalus Bleeker 1857. Type by subsequent designation. Also appeared in Bleeker 1860:145 [ref. 380]. Earliest type designation not established; Bleeker's 1863:194 [ref. 397] and 1863:25 [ref. 4859] designation of lipocheilus is invalid (not an included species in 1859:145). Kottelat & Hui 2008:28 [ref. 29715] indicate the designation was made by Jordan 1919:321. •Synonym of Lobocheilos Bleeker 1854 -- (Roberts 1989:41 [ref. 6439], Kottelat & Hui 2008:28 [ref. 29715], Kottelat 2013:119 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lobocheilos Bleeker 1854. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Gonoproktopterus (subgenus of Hypselobarbus) Bleeker [P.] 1860:275, 311, 312 Masc. Barbus kolus Sykes 1839. Type by monotypy. Appeared first in Bleeker 1860:430 [ref. 370] as name only in key. Description in Bleeker 1860 [ref. 380], with one included species. Spelled Gonoproktopterys by Jordan 1923:141 [ref. 2421] and Gonoproctopterus by Bleeker 1863:199 [ref. 397] and 1863:27 [ref. 4859]. •Synonym of Hypselobarbus Bleeker 1860, but a valid subgenus Gonoproktopterus as described -- (Rainboth 1989:24 [ref. 13537]). •Valid as Gonoproktopterus Bleeker 1860 -- (see Rainboth 1986:11 [ref. 5849], Bănărescu 1997:22 [ref. 23274], Gopalakrishnan et al. 2004:686 [ref. 28696]). •Synonym of Hypselobarbus Bleeker 1860 -- (Knight 2013:208 [ref. 33021]). Current status: Synonym of Hypselobarbus Bleeker 1860. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Gonorhynchus McClelland [J.] 1838:943 Masc. Gonorhynchus brevis McClelland 1839. Type by subsequent designation. McClelland needlessly renamed Hamilton's species as G. brevis. Earliest type designation by Jordan 1919:194. Not Gonorynchus Scopoli 1777. Junior homonym of Gonorhynchus Cuvier 1816, invalid, to be replaced by Tariqilabeo Kottelat 2016:445 [ref. 34856]. Possibly not intended as a new generic name. •Synonym of Crossocheilus Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823 -- (Kottelat 2013:89 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Gonorhynchus McClelland 1838 (often dated 1839) -- (Yang et al. 2012:370 [ref. 33458], Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:349 [ref. 34017], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:871 [ref. 34062], Roberts 2015:307 [ref. 34220], Ciccotto & Page 2016:472 [ref. 34501]). •Synonym of Tariqilabeo Mirza & Saboohi 1990 -- (Kottelat 2016:445 [ref. 34856]). Current status: Synonym of Tariqilabeo Mirza & Saboohi 1990. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Gymnocypris Günther [A.] 1868:169 Fem. Gymnocypris dobula Günther 1868. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Gymnocypris Günther 1868 -- (Tsao 1964:178 [ref. 13501], Tchang et al. 1964 [ref. 3501], Jayaram 1981:69 [ref. 6497], Tilak 1987:96 [ref. 23969], Wu 1987:43 [ref. 12822], Wu 1987:111 [ref. 12824], Mirza 1991:340 [ref. 19441], Wu & Wu 1992:435 [ref. 21205], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:233 [ref. 23556], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:352 [ref. 25272], Gante 2011:289 [ref. 31608], Kottelat 2013:107 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizopygopsini, Tang et al. 2016:123 [ref. 34489], Zhang et al. 2016:117 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Gymnocypris Günther 1868. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae.

Gymnodiptychus Herzenstein [S. M.] 1892:225 Masc. Diptychus dybowskii Kessler 1874. Type by original designation. Type designated by Jordan 1920:458 [ref. 4905]. •Synonym of Diptychus Steindachner 1866, but a valid subgenus Gymnodiptychus -- (Tsao 1964:175 [ref. 13501], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:230 [ref. 23556]). •Valid as Gymnodiptychus Herzenstein 1892 -- (Wu 1987:47 [ref. 12822], Mo in Chu & Chen 1989:319 [ref. 13584], Mirza 1991:340 [ref. 19441], Wu & Wu 1992:429 [ref. 21205], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:347 [ref. 25272], Chen & Chen 2001:147 [ref. 25461], Yang et al. 2008:67 [ref. 29885], Kottelat 2013:107 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizopygopsini, Zhang et al. 2016:118 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Gymnodiptychus Herzenstein 1892. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae.

Gymnostomus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1030 Masc. Cyprinus ariza Hamilton 1807. Type by subsequent designation. Type apparently designated first by Bleeker 1863:197 [ref. 397]; not Bleeker 1860 and not Capoeta syriaca (not an included species). •Synonym of Varicorhinus Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816 -- (Bănărescu 1997:22 [ref. 23274], Bănărescu 1999:383 [ref. 24846]). •Synonym of Bangana Hamilton 1822 -- (Zhang & Chen 2006:43 [ref. 28775]). •Valid as Gymnostomus Heckel 1843 -- (Kottelat 2003:400 [ref. 27358], Yang et al. 2012:369 [ref. 33458], Kottelat 2013:107 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Gymnostomus Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Haludaria Pethiyagoda [R.] 2013:199 Fem. Cirrhinus fasciatus Jerdon 1849. Type by being a replacement name. Preoccupied by Dravidia 2010 by Lehrer in Diptera (Sarcophagidae); replaced by Haludaria Pethiyagoda 2013 [ref. 32691]. •Valid as Haludaria Pethiyagoda 2013 -- (Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini). Current status: Valid as Haludaria Pethiyagoda 2013. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Hampala Bleeker [P.] 1860:275 Fem. Capoeta macrolepidota Valenciennes 1842. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1863:200 [ref. 397] or 1863:27 [ref. 4859] through Hampla macrolepidota van Hasselt 1823. See Hampala Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823. If Hampala Kuhl & van Hasselt is regarded as available, then Hampala Bleeker is preoccupied and cannot be used. •Valid as Hampala Bleeker 1860 -- (Kottelat 1985:262 [ref. 11441], Kottelat 1989:8 [ref. 13605], Roberts 1989:40 [ref. 6439], Doi & Taki 1994 [ref. 21214], Doi 1997:21 [ref. 22832], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:87 [ref. 25272], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini). Current status: Synonym of Hampala Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Hampala Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in van Hasselt 1823:132 Fem. Hampala macrolepidota Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823. Type by monotypy. Also appeared in French version 1823:376 [ref. 5104]; regarded by Kottelat (1987:370 [ref. 5962]) as available; genus usually credited to Bleeker 1860 and species to Valenciennes 1842; both authors providing complete descriptions (see also Alfred 1961:86 [ref. 20553], Kottelat 1987:370 [ref. 5962]). •As a nomen nudum in synonymy of Hampala Bleeker 1860 -- (Roberts 1989:40 [ref. 6439]). •In Cyprininae, tribe Smiligastrini -- (Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] and applies to all genera and species currently in Barbinae). •Valid as Hampala Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823 -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:157 [ref. 13584], Kottelat 2013:109 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:90 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Hampala Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Hemigarra Karaman [M. S.] 1971:241 Fem. Tylognathus elegans Günther 1868. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Probably a synonym of Hemigrammocapoeta Pellegrin 1927 -- (Krupp & Schneider 1989:372 [ref. 13651], Coad 1995:18 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822 -- (Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:197 [ref. 34083], Freyhof 2016:496 [ref. 34805]). Current status: Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Hemigrammocapoeta Pellegrin [J.] 1927:34 Fem. Hemigrammocapoeta culiciphaga Pellegrin 1927. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Hemigrammocapoeta Pellegrin 1927 -- (Krupp & Schneider 1989:371 [ref. 13651], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:873 [ref. 34062], Küçük et al. 2015:359 [ref. 34064]). •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822 -- (Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:197 [ref. 34083]). Current status: Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Hemigrammocapoeta (subgenus of Barbus) Estève [R.] 1952:177 Fem. Barbus (Hemigrammocapoeta) mirei Estève 1952. Type by monotypy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Hemigrammocapoeta Pellegrin 1927 in same family, replaced by Estevea Whitley 1953. •Treated as valid -- (Karaman 1971:236 [ref. 2560]). •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:219 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867 -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:349 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Hemigrammopuntius (subgenus of Barbus) Pellegrin [J.] 1923:128 Masc. Barbus salessei Pellegrin 1908. Type by monotypy. Type designated by Myers 1927:4 [ref. 3097]. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:218 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867 -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:349 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Henicorhynchus Smith [H. M.] 1945:256 Masc. Henicorhynchus lobatus Smith 1945. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Cirrhinus Oken 1817 -- (Roberts 1997:173 [ref. 23550]). •Synonym of Gymnostomus Heckel 1843 -- (Kottelat 2003:400 [ref. 27358], Kottelat 2013:108 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Henicorhynchus Smith 1945 -- (Kottelat 1985:263 [ref. 11441], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:250 [ref. 13584], Kottelat 1989:8 [ref. 13605], Doi 1997:21 [ref. 22832], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:195 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971], Zhang et al. 2016:111 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Henicorhynchus Smith 1945. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Herzensteinia Chu [Y.-T.] 1935:13 Fem. Schizopygopsis microcephalus Herzenstein 1891. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Herzensteinia Chu 1935 -- (Tsao 1964:193 [ref. 13501], Ren & Wu 1982:85 [ref. 8426], Mirza 1991:340 [ref. 19441], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:245 [ref. 23556], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:388 [ref. 25272], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizopygopsini, Zhang et al. 2016:118 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Herzensteinia Chu 1935. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae.

Heteroleuciscus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1874:339 Masc. Heterolenciscus jullieni Sauvage 1874. Type by monotypy. Spelled Heterolenciscus twice; described as in "Du groupe des Leuciscus." Apparently intended as Heteroleuciscus with an intended u typeset as n; Kottelat 1984:802 [ref. 11440] regards Heterolenciscus as an error. •Synonym of Hampala Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823 -- (Kottelat 1984:801 [ref. 11440], Bănărescu 1997:22 [ref. 23274], Kottelat 2013:109 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hampala Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Holotylognathus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:135 Masc. Holotylognathus reticulatus Fowler 1934. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Crossocheilus Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823 -- (see Böhlke 1984:89 [ref. 13621], Bănărescu 1997:22 [ref. 23274], Kottelat 2013:89 [ref. 32989], Ciccotto et al. 2017:272 [ref. 35402]). Current status: Synonym of Crossocheilus Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Hongshuia Zhang [E], Qiang [X.] & Lan [J.-H.] 2008:34 Fem. Hongshuia paoli Zhang, Qiang & Lan 2008. Type by original designation. •Valid as Hongshuia Zhang, Qiang & Lan 2008 -- (Yuan et al. 2008:46 [ref. 29667], Zheng 2010:3 [ref. 30961], Zhu et al. 2011:39 [ref. 31305], Zhang et al. 2016:112 [ref. 34477], Zheng et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34678]). Current status: Valid as Hongshuia Zhang, Qiang & Lan 2008. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Horalabiosa Silas [E. G.] 1954:28 Fem. Horalabiosa joshuai Silas 1954. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Status uncertain -- (Bănărescu 1997:22 [ref. 23274]). •Valid as Horalabiosa Silas 1954 -- (Johnson & Soranam 2001:392 [ref. 26173]). •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822 -- (Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Hypselobarbus Bleeker [P.] 1860:430 Masc. Barbus mussullah Sykes 1839. Type by subsequent designation. Appeared in key, without included species. Two species (mussullah and nancar) apparently first added in Hypselobarbus (subgenus Hypselobarbus) by Bleeker 1860:275 [ref. 380]. Type first designated by Bleeker 1863:199 [ref. 397] or 1863:27 [ref. 4859]. •Synonym of Tor Gray 1834 -- (see Rainboth 1986:12 [ref. 5849], Kottelat 2013:168 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus Bleeker 1860 -- (see Rainboth 1989:24 [ref. 13537], Menon & Rema Devi 1995:390 [ref. 22480], Arunachalam et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32222], Yang et al. 2012:26 [ref. 32362], Arunachalam et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34181], Arunachalam et al. 2016:99 [ref. 34190], Arunachalam et al. 2016:75 [ref. 34522], Arunachalam et al. 2016:73 [ref. 34553], Knight et al. 2016:316 [ref. 34872], Arunachalam et al. 2016:266 [ref. 34977], Arunachalam et al. 2016:149 [ref. 34986], Borkenhagen 2017:296 [ref. 35158] in tribe Torini). Current status: Valid as Hypselobarbus Bleeker 1860. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Hypsibarbus Rainboth [W. J.] 1996:20 Masc. Acrossocheilus malcolmi Smith 1945. Type by original designation. •Valid as Hypsibarbus Rainboth 1996 -- (Doi 1997:22 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:112 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini, Zhang et al. 2016:90 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Hypsibarbus Rainboth 1996. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Incisilabeo (subgenus of Labeo) Fowler [H. W.] 1937:206 Masc. Labeo behri Fowler 1937. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Spelled Incislabeo by Neave 1950:123 [ref. 6512]. •Synonym of Bangana Hamilton 1822 -- (Zhang & Chen 2006:43 [ref. 28775]). •Tentatively valid in the genus Incisilabeo for Labeo behri Fowler 1937-- (Kottelat & Steiner 2011:317 [ref. 31189]). •Valid as Incisilabeo (Fowler 1937) -- (Kottelat 2013:113 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2017:493 [ref. 35262]). Current status: Valid as Incisilabeo Fowler 1937. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Iranocypris Bruun [A. F.] & Kaiser [E. W.] 1944:4 Fem. Iranocypris typhlops Bruun & Kaiser 1944. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Journal dates to 1948, preprint appeared in 1944? •Valid as Iranocypris Bruun & Kaiser 1944 -- (Banister & Bunni 1980:151 [ref. 175], Proudlove 2006:63 [ref. 28992], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:873 [ref. 34062]). •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822 -- (Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:77 [ref. 34042], Mousavi-Sabet & Eagderi 2016:45 [ref. 34341]). Current status: Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Isocephalus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1029 Masc. Cyprinus cirrhosus Bloch 1795. Type by subsequent designation. Possibly type never designated; Jordan lists type as Cyprinus bandon Hamilton (not an included species) and wrongly credits genus to Bleeker 1863. Type designated by Roberts 1997:173 [ref. 23550]. •Objective synonym of Cirrhinus Oken 1817 -- (Roberts 1997:173 [ref. 23550], Kottelat 2013:87 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cirrhinus Oken 1817. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Kalimantania Bănărescu [P. M.] 1980:471 Fem. Systomus lawak Bleeker 1855. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Type given as Systomus lawak Bleeker = Amblyrhynchichthys altus Vaillant. •Valid as Kalimantania Bănărescu 1980 -- (Roberts 1989:40 [ref. 6439], Doi 1997:22 [ref. 22832], Doi 2000:391 [ref. 25097], Kottelat 2013:113 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, incertae sedis). Current status: Valid as Kalimantania Bănărescu 1980. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Kantaka (subgenus of Osteochilus) Hora [S. L.] 1942:9 Fem. Semiplotus brevidorsalis Day 1873. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Treated as feminine, Art. 30.2.4. See Das 2003:359 [ref. 27706] who dates to 1947. •Synonym of Osteochilus Günther 1868, but a valid subgenus Kantaka as described -- (Jayaram 1981:128 [ref. 6497]). •Valid as Kantaka Hora 1942 -- (Karnasuta 1993:88 [ref. 20700] in Barbinae). Current status: Valid as Kantaka Hora 1942. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Kosswigobarbus Karaman [M. S.] 1971:239 Masc. Cyclocheilichthys kosswigi Ladiges 1960. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Borkenhagen et al. 2011 [ref. 31372] place the type species of Kossiwigobarbus in the genus Carasobarbus, but they did not comment that both genera were described in the same reference. It becomes necessary for first revisor action to select one genus over the other; if that has not been done previously, then selection of Carasobarbus over Kosswigobarbus would be desirable (not selected here). •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier 1816 in broad sense -- (Coad 1982 [ref. 5430]). •Valid as Kosswigobarbus Karaman 1971 -- (Bănărescu 1997:22 [ref. 23274], Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:94 [ref. 26519]). •Synonym of Carasobarbus Karaman 1971 based on placement of its type species by Borkenhagen et al. 2011 [ref. 31372]. •Synonym of Carasobarbus Karaman 1971 -- (Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:5 [ref. 32915], Esmaeili et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Synonym of Carasobarbus Karaman 1971. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Labeo Cuvier [G.] 1816:194 Masc. Cyprinus niloticus Forsskål 1775. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1863:194 [ref. 397] or 1863:25 [ref. 4859]. Misspelled Labes by Goldfuss 1820. Type apparently not Cyprinus niloticus Linnaeus. •Valid as Labeo Cuvier 1816 -- (Wu et al. 1977:351 [ref. 4807], Jayaram 1981:116 [ref. 6497], Lévêque & Daget 1984:305 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:50 [ref. 19189], Kottelat 1985:263 [ref. 11441], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:248 [ref. 13584], Kottelat 1989:8 [ref. 13605], Lévêque et al. 1989:117 [ref. 26480], Paugy & Bénech 1989:301 [ref. 26478], Ataur Rahman 1989:111 [ref. 24860], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:288 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:174 [ref. 23876], Tshibwabwa & Teugels 1995:1543 [ref. 27895], Seegers 1996:93 [ref. 23725], Doi 1997:22 [ref. 22832], Tshibwabwa 1997:18 [ref. 24616], Dankwa et al. 1999:25 [ref. 28023], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:199 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2000:84 [ref. 25486], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:6 [ref. 33999], Ataur Rahman 2003:128 [ref. 31338], Tshibwabwa et al. 2006:33 [ref. 28698], Moritz 2007:55 [ref. 29304], Roberts 2007:299 [ref. 29792], De Weirdt et al. 2007:549 [ref. 30024] dated 1817, Gante 2011:289 [ref. 31608], Marshall 2011:108 [ref. 31755], Yang et al. 2012:369 [ref. 33458], Kottelat 2013:114 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Labeonini, Lal et al. 2016:10 [ref. 34149], van Steenberge et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34374], Zhang et al. 2016:112 and 210 [ref. 34477], Van Steenberge et al. 2017:264 [ref. 35045], Moritz & Neumann 2017:25 [ref. 35181], Behera et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35379], Plamoottil & Zupančič 2017:301 [ref. 35479], Sudasinghe et al. 2018:201 [ref. 36164]). Current status: Valid as Labeo Cuvier 1816. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Labeobarbus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:14 Masc. Labeobarbus nedgia Rüppell 1835. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Tor Gray 1834 -- (Karaman 1971:224 [ref. 2560], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:136 [ref. 13584], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:154 [ref. 25272]). •Provisionally suggested to recognize as a valid genus -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:147 [ref. 23829], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000:211 [ref. 24546]). •Valid as Labeobarbus Rüppell 1835 -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:495 [ref. 30024] dated 1835, Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:852 [ref. 34067], de Graaf et al. 2010:336 [ref. 34085], Bamba et al. 2011:50 [ref. 31488], Gante 2011:289 [ref. 31608], Marshall 2011:102 [ref. 31755], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae tribe Torini, Vreven et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:363 [ref. 34343], Borkenhagen 2017:296 [ref. 35158] in tribe Torini, Vreven et al. 2018:[1] [ref. 36119]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus Rüppell 1835. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Labiobarbus van Hasselt [J. C.] 1823:132 Masc. Dangila leptocheila Valenciennes 1842. Type by subsequent designation. Originally two species (leptocheilus and lipocheilus), both nomina nuda (see Kottelat 1987:370 [ref. 5962], also Alfred 1961:86 [ref. 20553]). Type designated by Smith 1945:221 [ref. 4056] as Labiobarbus leptocheilus van Hasselt (validly published by Valenciennes 1842). •Valid as Labiobarbus van Hasselt 1823 -- (Wu et al. 1977:354 [ref. 4807], Jayaram 1981:121 [ref. 6497], Kottelat 1985:263 [ref. 11441], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:230 [ref. 13584], Kottelat 1989:8 [ref. 13605], Roberts 1994:317 [ref. 22596], Kottelat 1995:428 [ref. 22833], Doi 1997:22 [ref. 22832], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:203 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:117 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:112 [ref. 34477] with author as Hasselt). Current status: Valid as Labiobarbus van Hasselt 1823. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Laichowcypris Mai [D. Y.] (ex Hoa & Hoa) 1978:28 Fem. Laichowcypris day Mai 1978. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Apparently available; see Kottelat 1989:1103 [ref. 14361] with author as Yen [=Mai]. But see account of Laichowcypris Nguyen & Doan 1969, now considered a translation of this work. Not an original description. •Synonym of Cyprinus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 2001:21 [ref. 25482] based on placement of the type species). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Laichowcypris Nguyen [V. H.] & Doan [L. H.] 1969:xx Fem. Laichowcypris dai Nguyen & Doan 1969. Type by original designation (also monotypic). See Kottelat 2001:113 and 116 for availability issues. Spelled several ways originally; Kottelat 2001:116 [ref. 25482] serves as first reviser selecting the spelling above. •Synonym of Cyprinus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 2001:21 [ref. 25482] based on placement of the type species, Kottelat 2013:93 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Lanceabarbus (subgenus of Barbus) Fowler [H. W.] 1936:287 Masc. Barbus tanensis Günther 1894. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:219 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus Rüppell 1835 -- (Vreven et al. 2016:32 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus Rüppell 1835. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Lanlabeo Yao [M.], He [Y.] & Peng [Z.-G.] 2018:559 Masc. Lanlabeo duanensis Yao, He & Peng 2018. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Lanlabeo Yao, He & Peng 2018. Current status: Valid as Lanlabeo Yao, He & Peng 2018. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Laocypris Kottelat [M.] 2000:43 Fem. Laocypris hispida Kottelat 2000. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Laocypris Kottelat 2000 -- (Kottelat 2013:118 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, incertae sedis). Current status: Valid as Laocypris Kottelat 2000. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Lepidopygopsis Raj [B. S.] 1941:210 Fem. Lepidopygopsis typus Raj 1941. Type by original designation (also monotypic and by use of typus). •Valid as Lepidopygopsis Raj 1941 -- (Jayaram 1981:66 [ref. 6497], Tilak 1987:105 [ref. 23969], Mirza 1991:340 [ref. 19441], Dahanukar et al. 2013:113 [ref. 32827], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Torini, Borkenhagen 2017:297 [ref. 35158] in tribe Torini). Current status: Valid as Lepidopygopsis Raj 1941. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Linichthys Zhang [E] & Fang [F.] 2005:62 Masc. Barbodes laticeps Lin & Zhang 1986. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Linichthys Zhang & Fang 2005 -- (Yang et al. 2012:362 [ref. 33458] in Labeonini). Current status: Valid as Linichthys Zhang & Fang 2005. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Lissochilichthys Oshima [M.] 1920:124 Masc. Lissochilichthys matsudai Oshima 1920. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Misspelled Lissocheilichthys by Jordan 1920:572 [ref. 4905]. •Synonym of Acrossocheilus Oshima 1919, but a valid subgenus Lissochilichthys -- (Wu et al. 1977:274 [ref. 4807], Ho & Shao 2011:25 [ref. 31432], Kottelat 2013:71 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Acrossocheilini, Zhang et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Acrossocheilus Oshima 1919. Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae.

Lissochilus Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1916:167 Masc. Lissochilus sumatranus Weber & de Beaufort 1916. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan 1920:561 [ref. 4905]. Apparently preoccupied by Lissochilus Pethoe in Zittel 1883 [not researched], not replaced. See Bănărescu 1997:23 [ref. 23274]. •Synonym of Acrossocheilus Oshima 1919 -- (Wu et al. 1977:273 [ref. 4807], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:95 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Neolissochilus Rainboth 1985 -- (Kottelat 2013:126 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Torini). Current status: Synonym of Neolissochilus Rainboth 1985. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Lissorhynchus Bleeker [P.] 1860:422 Masc. Gobio lissorhynchus McClelland 1839. Type by subsequent monotypy. Apparently appeared first in key, without species, as Lissorhynchus. One species included in Bleeker 1860:85-86 [ref. 380]. Type by subsequent monotypy. Misspelled Lissorhynchos by Bleeker 1860:86, Lissorhynchus on p. 85. •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822 -- (Karaman 1971:232 [ref. 2560], Roberts 1989:40 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Lobocheilos Bleeker [P.] 1854:520 Masc. Labeo falcifer Valenciennes 1842. Type by subsequent designation. Genus and species appeared first as Lobocheilus falcifer, name only, in van Hasselt 1823:132 [ref. 5963]. Validly described as above. Type designated by Bleeker 1863:194 [ref. 397] or 1863:25 [ref. 4859] with genus spelled Lobocheilus. See also Lobocheilus. •Valid as Lobocheilos Bleeker 1854 -- (Kottelat 1985:263 [ref. 11441] and Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:236 [ref. 13584] as Lobocheilus, Kottelat 1989:8 [ref. 13605], Roberts 1989:41 [ref. 6439], Doi 1997:22 [ref. 22832], Siebert & Tjakrawidjaja 1998:108 [ref. 23404], Kottelat & Hui 2008:28 [ref. 29715], Kottelat 2013:119 [ref. 32989], Ciccotto & Page 2016:879 [ref. 34946], Iqbal et al. 2017:931 [ref. 35857], Ciccotto & Tan 2018:543 [ref. 35856]). Current status: Valid as Lobocheilos Bleeker 1854. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Lobocheilus Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in van Hasselt 1823:132 Masc. Lobocheilus falcifer Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823. Type by monotypy. Not available, both genus and species are nomina nuda (see Kottelat 1987:371 [ref. 5962], also see Alfred 1961:86 [ref. 50553]). •Validly described by Bleeker 1854:520 [ref. 5965] as Lobocheilos. •Wrongly treated as valid as Lobocheilus Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823 -- (Wu et al. 1977:346 [ref. 4807] credited to van Hasselt, Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:197 [ref. 25272] credited to van Hasselt). •In the synonymy of Lobocheilos Bleeker 1854 -- (Kottelat & Hui 2008:28 [ref. 29715], Kottelat 2013:119 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Lobocheilus Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:112 [ref. 34477] with author as Hasselt). Current status: Synonym of Lobocheilos Bleeker 1854. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Longanalus Li [W.-X.] in Li, Ran & Chen 2006:1 Masc. Longanalus macrochirous Li, Ran & Chen 2006. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Longanalus Li 2006 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:112 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Longanalus Li 2006. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Luciobarbus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1019, 1054 Masc. Luciobarbus esocinus Heckel 1843. Type by subsequent designation. Earliest designation located is Jordan 1919:211 [ref. 2410]. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Karaman 1971:192 [ref. 2560], Krupp & Schneider 1989:359 [ref. 13651], Parin et al. 2014:69 [ref. 33547]). •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816, but a valid subgenus Luciobarbus -- (Doadrio 1990:269 [ref. 20132], Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:1, 4 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus Heckel 1843 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:49 [ref. 28183], Turan et al. 2008:35 [ref. 29741], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:110 [ref. 29996], Turan et al. 2009:16 [ref. 29999], Gante 2011:289 [ref. 31608], Levin et al. 2012:542 [ref. 33912], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Barbini, Casal-Lopez et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33943], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:874 [ref. 34062], Doadrio et al. 2016:2 [ref. 34185], Doadrio et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34978], Esmaeili et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35254], Brahimi et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35360], Brahimi et al. 2018:542 [ref. 35974], Çiçek et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36267], Esmaeili et al. 2018:31 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Luciocyprinus Vaillant [L. L.] 1904:298 Masc. Luciocyprinus langsoni Vaillant 1904. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Luciocyprinus Vaillant 1904 -- (Kottelat 1983 [ref. 6013], Cui & Chu 1986 [ref. 8097], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:159 [ref. 13584], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:84 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:121 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Cyprinini, Zhang et al. 2016:90 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Luciocyprinus Vaillant 1904. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Mandibularca Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1924:272 Fem. Mandibularca resinus Herre 1924. Type by monotypy. Also appeared in Herre 1924:1568 [ref. 2120]. with type by subsequent designation. •Probably valid as Mandibularca Herre 1924 -- (Kornfield & Carpenter 1984:75 [ref. 5435]). •Probably a synonym of Puntius Hamilton 1822 -- (Bănărescu 1997:23 [ref. 23274]). •Synonym of Barbodes Bleeker 1859 -- (Kottelat 2013:76 [ref. 32989]). •In Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini -- (on Barbodes Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes Bleeker 1859. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Mannichthys Schultz [L. P.] 1942:320 Masc. Mannichthys lucileae Schultz 1942. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:219 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867 -- (Karaman 1971:189 [ref. 2560], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:349 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Masticbarbus Tang [D.-S.] 1942:158 Masc. Masticbarbus pentafasciatus Tang 1942. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Spelled Mastibarbus by Fowler 1976:378 [ref. 9335]; spelled as above several times in original description. •Status unclear -- (Bănărescu 1997:23 [ref. 23274]). •Synonym of Acrossocheilus Oshima 1919 -- (Kottelat 2013:71 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Acrossocheilini). Current status: Synonym of Acrossocheilus Oshima 1919. Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae.

Matsya Day [F.] 1889:292 Fem. Acanthonotus argenteus Day 1888. Type by monotypy. Apparently a replacement for Acanthonotus Tickell (in Day) 1888, apparently preoccupied by same name in Bloch and Schneider 1801, Goldfus 1809 in Mammalia, and Gray 1831 in fishes (preoccupations not researched). •Synonym of Mystacoleucus Günther 1868 -- (Chu & Kottelat 1989:1 [ref. 12575], Roberts 1989:45 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2013:125 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini). Current status: Synonym of Mystacoleucus Günther 1868. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Mayoa Day [F.] 1870:553 Fem. Mayoa modesta Day 1870. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822 -- (Karaman 1971:232 [ref. 2560], Lévêque & Daget 1984:301 [ref. 6186], Bănărescu 1997:23 [ref. 23274], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Mekongina Fowler [H. W.] 1937:200 Fem. Mekongina erythrospila Fowler 1937. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Mekongina Fowler 1937 -- (Kottelat 1985:264 [ref. 11441], Kottelat 1989:8 [ref. 13605], Zhang & Chen 1997:325 [ref. 23731], Doi 1997:22 [ref. 22832], Yang et al. 2008:2005 [ref. 29921], Zhu et al. 2011:39 [ref. 31305] as Mekongia, Kottelat 2013:122 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:113 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Mekongina Fowler 1937. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Mesocyprinus Cheng [C.-T.] 1950:568 Masc. Cyprinus micristius Regan 1906. Type by monotypy. Described as a new genus, but described earlier by Fang 1936 with same name and type species. Objectively invalid. •Synonym of Cyprinus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 2013:93 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Mesocyprinus Fang [P.-W.] 1936:690, 699 Masc. Cyprinus micristius Regan 1906. Type by original designation (also monotypic). See also Mesocyprinus Cheng 1950. •Synonym of Cyprinus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wu & Wu 1992:515 [ref. 21205]), but a valid subgenus Mesocyprinus -- (Chen & Huang 1977:403 [ref. 8497], Zhou in Chu & Chen 1989:330 [ref. 13584], Chen in Chen 1998:249 [ref. 23556], Luo & Yue in Yue et al. 2000:399 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:93 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Mesopotamichthys Karaman [M. S.] 1971:227 Masc. Barbus sharpeyi Günther 1874. Type by original designation (one species, two subspecies). •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608]). •Valid as Mesopotamichthys Karaman 1971 -- (Bănărescu 1997:23 [ref. 23274], Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:95 [ref. 26519], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Torini, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:876 [ref. 34062], Borkenhagen 2017:296 [ref. 35158] in tribe Torini, Esmaeili et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:32 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Mesopotamichthys Karaman 1971. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Messinobarbus Bianco [P. G.] 1998:128 Masc. Barbus bocagei Steindachner 1864. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816, subgenus Luciobarbus Heckel 1843 -- (Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:1 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus Heckel 1843. Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Microbarbus Géry [J.] 1957:6 et seq. Masc. Apparently not available from this reference; published after 1930 without fixation of a type species (Art. 13.3); many included species. Later publication in an available way not researched. •In the synonymy of Enteromius Cope 1867. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Mirolabeo Chu [Y.-T.] & Wang [Y.-H.] 1963 Masc. Mirolabeo yunnanensis Chu & Wang 1963. The generic name appeared in an unpublished work and is unavailable from Chu & Wang (see Zhang & Chen 2006:49 [ref. 28775]). The species is also unavailable from Chu & Wang 1963; it was later published in an available way in the genus Sinilabeo Wu et al. 1977:4 [ref. 4807] with type confusion. Current status: Synonym of Bangana Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Morulius (subgenus of Cyprinus) Hamilton [F.] 1822:331, 391 Masc. Cyprinus (Morulius) morala Hamilton 1822. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1863:195 [ref. 397] and 1863:25 [ref. 4859]. Misspelled once as Marulius by Hamilton (p. 391). •Valid as Morulius Hamilton 1822 -- (Roberts 1989:45 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816 -- (see Böhlke 1984:75 [ref. 13621], Reid 1985:50 [ref. 19189], Kottelat 2000:84 [ref. 25486], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:6 [ref. 33999], Kottelat 2013:114 [ref. 32989]). •In Cyprininae, tribe Labeonini -- (Yang 2015:99 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Mrigala Bleeker [P.] 1859:259 Fem. Cirrhina bengalensis Bleeker 1853. Type by monotypy. Also treated in Bleeker 1860:427 [ref. 370]. Treated as feminine by Bleeker, 4 species (plus 2 with question) included by Bleeker 1860:226 [ref. 380]. Type not mrigala Hamilton. Correct spelling for genus of type species is Cirrhinus. •Synonym of Cirrhinus Oken 1817 -- (Roberts 1997:173 [ref. 23550]). •Synonym of Gymnostomus Heckel 1843 -- (Kottelat 2013:108 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnostomus Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Mystacoleucus Günther [A.] 1868:206 Masc. Capoeta padangensis Bleeker 1852. Type by monotypic; as "... of type of the genus agrees...". •Valid as Mystacoleucus Günther 1868 -- (Wu et al. 1977:272 [ref. 4807], Jayaram 1981:111 [ref. 6497], Kottelat 1985:264 [ref. 11441], Chu & Kottelat 1989:1 [ref. 12575], Roberts 1989:45 [ref. 6439], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:225 [ref. 13584], Kottelat 1989:9 [ref. 13605], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:167 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:125 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini, Zhang et al. 2016:91 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Mystacoleucus Günther 1868. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Mystus Klein [J. T.] 1775:535 Masc. Not available, published in a work that does not conform to the principle of binominal nomenclature. Not Mystus Gronow of Scopoli. •In the synonymy of Barbus Daudin 1805. Current status: Synonym of Barbus Daudin 1805. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Mystus Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Klein) 1792:586 Masc. Not available, published in a part of work rejected for nomenclatural purposes in Opinion 21 (1938). Based on Klein 1749:63 [ref. 30141]. Current status: Synonym of Barbus Daudin 1805. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Namaquacypris Skelton [P. H.], Swartz [E. R.] & Vreven [E. J.] 2018:21 Masc. Barbus hospes Barnard 1938. Type by original designation (and also monotypic). •Valid as Namaquacypris Skelton, Swartz & Vreven 2018. Current status: Valid as Namaquacypris Skelton, Swartz & Vreven 2018. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Nandina Gray [J. E.] 1831:8 Fem. Nandina hamiltonii Gray 1831 (= Cyprinis nandina Hamilton 1822). Type by monotypy. Gray needlessly renamed Hamilton's species nandina as hamiltonii. •Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816 -- (Bănărescu 1997:24 [ref. 23274], Kottelat 2013:114 [ref. 32989]). •In Cyprininae, tribe Labeonini -- (Yang 2015:99 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Naziritor (subgenus of Tor) Mirza [M. R.] & Javed [M. N.] 1985:226 Masc. Tor zhobensis Mirza 1967. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Tor Grey 1834 -- (Kottelat 2013:168 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Naziritor Mirza & Javed 1985 -- (Mirza & Javed 1992:97 [ref. 23458], Khare et al. 2014:[1] [ref. 33361], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Torini, Borkenhagen 2017:297 [ref. 35158] in tribe Torini). Current status: Valid as Naziritor Mirza & Javed 1985. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Neobarynotus Bănărescu [P. M.] 1980:475 Masc. Capoeta microlepis Bleeker 1851. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys Bleeker 1860 -- (Roberts 1989:33 [ref. 6439]). •Valid as Neobarynotus Bănărescu 1980 -- (Kottelat 1985:264 [ref. 11441], Kottelat 1989:9 [ref. 13605], Doi 1997:22 [ref. 22832] as Neoborynus, Kottelat & Bréhier 1999:354 [ref. 24929], Kottelat 2013:126 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, incertae sedis). Current status: Valid as Neobarynotus Bănărescu 1980. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Neocarassius Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:236 Masc. Neocarassius ventricosus Castelnau 1872. Type by monotypy. As Neocorassius on p. 236 and 242, and Neocarassuis on p. 237, based on Carassius which Castelnau misspelled Corassius; corrected by McCulloch 1929:53 [ref. 2948]. Based on an introduced goldfish (Jordan 1919 [ref. 4904]). •Synonym of Carassius Nilsson 1832. •Synonym of Carassius Jarocki 1822 -- (Kottelat 2013:84 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Carassius Jarocki 1822. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Neolissochilus Rainboth [W. J.] 1985:26 Masc. Barbus stracheyi Day 1871. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Barbodes Bleeker 1859 -- (Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:13 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Neolissochilus Rainboth 1985 -- (Kottelat 1989:9 [ref. 13605], Doi 1997:22 [ref. 22832], Bănărescu 1997:24 [ref. 23274], Kottelat & Bréhier 1999:354 [ref. 24929], Proudlove 2006:84 [ref. 28992], Roberts & Khaironizam 2008:25 [ref. 33824], Kottelat 2013:126 [ref. 32989], Khare et al. 2014:[1] [ref. 33361], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Torini, Khaironizan et al. 2015:139 [ref. 33812], Hoàng et al. 2015:551 [ref. 33936], Zhang et al. 2016:91 [ref. 34477], Arunachalam et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35058], Borkenhagen 2017:296 [ref. 35158] in tribe Torini, Lalramliana et al. 2018:[1] [ref. 35912]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus Rainboth 1985. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Neorohita (subgenus of Osteochilus) Fowler [H. W.] 1937:180 Fem. Rohita hasseltii Valenciennes 1842. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Osteochilus Günther 1868, but a valid subgenus Neorohita as described -- (Jayram 1981:129 [ref. 6497]). •Synonym of Osteochilus Günther 1868 -- (Kottelat 2013:134 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteochilus Günther 1868. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Neotylognathus (subgenus of Tylognathus) Kosswig [C.] 1950:409 Masc. Tylognathus (Neotylognathus) klatti Kosswig 1950. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Hemigrammocapoeta Pellegrin 1927, but a valid subgenus Neotylognathus as described -- (Karaman 1971:236 [ref. 2560]). •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822. Current status: Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Nicholsopuntius (subgenus of Barbus) Pellegrin [J.] 1933:107 Masc. Barbus candens Nichols & Griscom 1917. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:218 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867 -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:349 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Nukta (subgenus of Schismatorhynchus) Hora [S. L.] 1942:13 Fem. Cyprinus nukta Sykes 1839. Type by original designation (also monotypic and by absolute tautonymy). Treated as feminine, Art. 30.2.4. See Das 2003:359 [ref. 27706] dated to 1947. •Synonym of Schismatorhynchos Bleeker 1855, but a valid subgenus Nutka as described -- (Bănărescu 1997:24 [ref. 23274]). •Valid as Nukta Hora 1942 -- (Siebert & Tjakrawidjaja 1998:98 [ref. 23404], Kottelat 2017:494 [ref. 35262]). •Synonym of Bangana Hamilton 1822 -- (Yang et al. 2012:370 [ref. 33458]). Current status: Synonym of Bangana Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Oliotius Kottelat [M.] 2013:483 Masc. Capoeta oligolepis Bleeker 1853. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Oliotius Kottelat 2013 -- (Kottelat 2013:128 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini). Current status: Valid as Oliotius Kottelat 2013. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Onychostoma Günther [A.] 1896:211 Neut. Onychostoma laticeps Günther 1896. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Varicorhinus Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:336 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Varicorhinus Rüppell 1836, but a valid subgenus Onychostoma -- (Bănărescu 1971 [ref. 7666], Wu et al. 1977:306 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:213 [ref. 13584], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:160 [ref. 23876], Chen in Chen 1998:159 [ref. 23556]). •Valid as Onychostoma Günther 1896 -- (Kottelat 1989:9 [ref. 13605], Chen 1989 [ref. 14144], Doi 1997:23 [ref. 22832], Bănărescu 1997:24 [ref. 23274], Shan 1997:11[ref. 25091], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:126 [ref. 25272], Lothongkham & Musikasinthorn 2006:237 [ref. 29827], Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522], Zhao et al. 2011:1549 [ref. 31493], Ma & Zhao 2012:109 [ref. 34891], Jian-Lian & Chen 2013:62 [ref. 32417], Kottelat 2013:128 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Acrossocheilini, Hoàng et al. 2015:123 [ref. 33811], Zhang et al. 2016:91 [ref. 34477], Song et al. 2018:147 [ref. 35890]). Current status: Valid as Onychostoma Günther 1896. Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae.

Opistocheilos Bleeker [P.] 1860:425 Masc. Schizothorax plagiostomus Heckel 1838. Type by subsequent designation. Apparently appeared first in key, without species, as Opistocheilos. Four species included by Bleeker 1860:115, 213 [ref. 380], two with question (also as Opistocheilos). Type perhaps not designated until Jordan 1919:287 [ref. 4904]. Spelled Opistocheilus by authors, including Bleeker 1863:196 [ref. 397]. See Tilak 1987:118 [ref. 23969]. •Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838 -- (Tsao 1964:139 [ref. 13501], Wu & Wu 1992:389 [ref. 21205], Kullander et al. 1999:111 [ref. 23689], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:275 [ref. 25272] as Opisthocheilus). •Synonym of Oreinus McClelland 1838 -- (Kottelat 2013:133 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Oreinus McClelland 1838. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae.

Oreichthys Smith [H. M.] 1933:63 Masc. Oreichthys parvus Smith 1933. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Oreichthys Smith 1933 -- (Jayaram 1981:96 [ref. 6497], Kottelat 1989:9 [ref. 13605], Doi 1997:23 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Bréhier 1999:354 [ref. 24929], Ataur Rahman 2003:154 [ref. 31338], Schäfer 2009:202 [ref. 30705], Roberts 2010:188 [ref. 30988], Kottelat 2013:133 [ref. 32989], Knight 2014:5357 [ref. 33151], Knight & Kumar 2015:157 [ref. 33663], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini). Current status: Valid as Oreichthys Smith 1933. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Oreinus (subgenus of Barbus) McClelland [J.] 1838:946 Masc. Barbus (Oreinus) guttatus McClelland 1838. Type by subsequent designation. See Kullander et al. 1999:114 [ref. 23689] for information on the type species of Oreinus and Schizothorax that differs from information here; they also address the dating of Oreinus relative to Schizothorax. Also in McClelland 1839:273 [ref. 2923]. Earliest type designation possibly Bleeker 1863:196 and 1863:26. Misspelled Oreina by Gistel 1848:X [ref. 1822]. Englottogaster Gistel 1848:X is an unneeded replacement, Oreinus not preoccupied by Orena. •Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838 -- (Tsao 1964:139 [ref. 13501], Jayaram 1981:67 [ref. 6497], Tilak 1987:47 [ref. 23969], Mo in Chu & Chen 1989:287 [ref. 13584], Wu & Wu 1992:389 [ref. 21205], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:275 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Oreinus McClelland 1838 -- (Malik 1966:125 [ref. 23693], Kottelat 2013:133 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Oreinus McClelland 1838. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae.

Oreodaimon Greenwood [P. H.] & Jubb [R. A.] 1967:19 Neut. Labeo quathlambae Barnard 1938. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Oreodaimon Greenwood & Jubb 1967 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:330 [ref. 6186], Poll & Gosse 1995:163 [ref. 24781]). •Synonym of Pseudobarbus Smith 1841. Current status: Synonym of Pseudobarbus Smith 1841. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Ospatulus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1924:1569 Masc. Ospatulus truncatulus Herre 1924. Type by original designation. Genus apparently published first as above, with 2 undefined species; species described and genus also described as new in Herre 1924:277 [ref. 2118] and 1924:706 [ref. 2119] where type was designated; dates of publication not fully investigated. •Probably valid as Ospatulus Herre 1924 -- (Kornfield & Carpenter 1984:75 [ref. 5435] as Ospatalus). •Probably a synonym of Puntius Hamilton 1822 -- (Bănărescu 1997:24 [ref. 23274]). •Synonym of Barbodes Bleeker 1859 -- (Kottelat 2013:76 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes Bleeker 1859. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Osteobrama Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1033 Fem. Cyprinus cotio Hamilton 1822. Type by subsequent designation. Type apparently first designated by Jordan 1919:211 [ref. 2407]. Species spelled cotio in main entries in Hamilton, but cotis by Hamilton on Pl. 39 and by Heckel. •Valid as Osteobrama Heckel 1843 -- (Jayaram 1981:112 [ref. 6497], Kottelat 1989:9 [ref. 13605], Doi 1997:23 [ref. 22832], Ataur Rahman 2003:124 [ref. 31338], Vishwanath & Shanta Kumar 2007:2881 [ref. 29365], Jadhav et al. 2011:2078 [ref. 31547], Kottelat 2013:134 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694], in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini, Maisnam et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35689], Singh et al. 2018:361 [ref. 35172], Rahman et al. 2018:105 [ref. 36230]). Current status: Valid as Osteobrama Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Osteochilichthys (subgenus of Osteochilus) Hora [S. L.] 1942:8 Masc. Scaphiodon thomassi Day 1877. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Osteochilus Günther 1868, but a valid subgenus Osteochilichthys as described -- (Jayaram 1981:128 [ref. 6497]). •Valid as Osteochilichthys Hora 1942 -- (Karnasuta 1993:88 [ref. 20700], Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 1994:99 [ref. 21421], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Torini, Borkenhagen 2017:297 [ref. 35158] in tribe Torini). Current status: Valid as Osteochilichthys Hora 1942. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Osteochilus Günther [A.] 1868:40 Masc. Rohita melanopleura Bleeker 1852. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan 1919:351 [ref. 4904]. Misspelled Osteocheilus by authors. •Valid as Osteochilus Günther 1868 -- (Wu et al. 1977:348 [ref. 4807], Jayaram 1981:127 [ref. 6497], Kottelat 1985:264 [ref. 11441], Roberts 1989:45 [ref. 6439], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:267 [ref. 13584], Kottelat 1989:9 [ref. 13605], Ataur Rahman 1989:109 [ref. 24860], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:172 [ref. 23876], Doi 1997:23 [ref. 22832], Hadiaty & Siebert 1998:1 [ref. 23406], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:205 [ref. 25272], Ataur Rahman 2003:126 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2008:249 [ref. 29975], Kottelat & Tan 2009:1 [ref. 30259], Zheng 2010:3 [ref. 30961], Kottelat 2013:134 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:113 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Osteochilus Günther 1868. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Oxybarbus Vaillant [L. L.] 1893:57 Masc. Barbus heteronema Bleeker 1854. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys Bleeker 1859 -- (Roberts 1989:33 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2013:91 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Cyclocheilichthys Vaillant 1893 -- (Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini). Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys Bleeker 1859. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Oxygymnocypris (subgenus of Gymnocypris) Tsao [W.-H.] 1964:183 Fem. Schizopygopsis stewartii Lloyd 1908. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Oxygymnocypris Tsao 1964 -- (Wu 1987:47 [ref. 12822], Mirza 1991:340 [ref. 19441], Wu & Wu 1992:463 [ref. 21205], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:367 [ref. 25272], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizopygopsini, Zhang et al. 2016:119 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Oxygymnocypris Tsao 1964. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae.

Papillocheilus Smith [H. M.] 1945:230 Masc. Papillocheilus ayuthiae Smith 1945. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Cosmochilus Sauvage 1878 -- (Kottelat 1984:799 [ref. 11440], Kottelat 2013:89 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cosmochilus Sauvage 1878. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Parabarbus Franz [V.] 1910:8 Masc. Parabarbus habilis Franz 1910. Type by monotypy. Current status: Uncertain as Barbus. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Paracrossochilus Popta [C. M. L.] 1904:200 Masc. Paracrossochilus bicornis Popta 1904. Type by monotypy. Spelled Paracrossocheilus by Jordan 1920:510 [ref. 4905]. •Valid as Paracrossochilus Popta 1904 -- (Roberts 1989:57 [ref. 6439], Doi 1997:23 [ref. 22832], Yang & Winterbottom 1998:49 [ref. 23307], Yang et al. 2012:362 [ref. 33458] in Labeonini, Kottelat 2013:138 [ref. 32989], Ciccotto & Page 2016:475 [ref. 34501]). Current status: Valid as Paracrossochilus Popta 1904. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Paraprocypris Fang [P.-W.] 1936:707 Fem. Paraprocypris papillosolabiatus Fang 1936. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •In Cyprininae, tribe Cyprinini -- (on Procypris Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694]). •Synonym of Procypris Lin 1933 -- (Chen & Huang 1977:398 [ref. 8497], Zhou in Chu & Chen 1989:326 [ref. 13584], Luo & Yue in Yue et al. 2000:395 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:145 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Procypris Lin 1933. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Parapsilorhynchus Hora [S. L.] 1921:13 Masc. Psilorhynchus tentaculatus Annandale 1919. Type by original designation. Type designated on p. 13, not P. discophorus of authors. See Das 2003:368 [ref. 27706] as Parasilorhynchus (also as Parapsilorhynchus). •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822 -- (Roberts 1989:40 [ref. 6439]). •Valid as Parapsilorhynchus Hora 1921 -- (Jayaram 1981:132 [ref. 6497], Yazdani & Singh 1991:43 [ref. 24004], Singh 1994:282 [ref. 22587], Rema Devi & Menon 1995 [ref. 22106], Bănărescu 1997:25 [ref. 23274], Baliarsingh et al. 2017:22 [ref. 35577], Baliarsingh & Kosygin 2017:44 [ref. 35747]). Current status: Valid as Parapsilorhynchus Hora 1921. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Parapuntius Karaman [M. S.] 1971:190 Masc. Barbus anema Boulenger 1903. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:219 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867 -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:349 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Paraqianlabeo Zhao [H.-T.], Sullivan [J. P.], Zhang [Y.-G.] & Peng [Z.-G.] 2014:259 Masc. Paraqianlabeo lineatus Zhao, Sullivan, Zhang & Peng 2014. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Paraqianlabeo Zhao, Sullivan, Zhang & Peng 2014 -- (Zheng et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34678]). Current status: Valid as Paraqianlabeo Zhao, Sullivan, Zhang & Peng 2014. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Pararectoris Su [R.-F.], Yang [J.-X.] & Cui [G.-H.] 2001:135 Masc. Parasinilabeo assimilis Wu & Yao 1977. Type by original designation. Su et al. 2001:134 [ref. 25463] apparently were unaware that Zhang 2000:266 [ref. 25071] based on Article 70.3.2 fixed the type species of Parasinilabeo as Parasinilabeo assimilis Wu & Yao 1977 (formerly based on a misidentified type species). Pararectoris was therefore unneeded. The same fixation and conclusions were reached by Kottelat & Zhang 2003:224 [ref. 27389]. •Objective synonym of Parasinilabeo Wu 1939 -- (Huang et al. 2007:531 [ref. 29347], Kottelat 2013:156 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Parasinilabeo Wu 1939. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Paraschizothorax Tsao [W.-H.] 1964:168 Masc. Schizothorax oconnori Lloyd 1908. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Paraschizothorax Bleeker 1863 in same family. Species originally as o'conneri, emendation to oconnori mandatory. See Bănărescu 1997:25 [ref. 23274]. •Synonym of Racoma McClelland & Griffith 1842 -- (Wu & Wu 1992:301 [ref. 21205]). •In the synonymy of Schizothorax Heckel 1838 -- (Kullander et al. 1999:111 [ref. 23689], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:275 [ref. 25272]). •Synonymy of Schizopyge Heckel 1847 -- (Kottelat 2013:160 [ref. 32989]). •In Cyprininae, tribe Schizothoracini -- (Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Synonym of Schizopyge Heckel 1847. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae.

Paraschizothorax Bleeker [P.] 1863:262 [2] Masc. Schizothorax huegelii Heckel 1838. Type by original designation (also monotypic). On page 2 of separate. Synonym of Racoma McClelland & Griffith 1842 (Wu & Wu 1992:301, 349 [ref. 21205] as Pareschizothorax on p. 301). •Synonym of Schizopyge Heckel 1847 -- (Bănărescu 1997:25 [ref. 23274]). •Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838 -- (Kullander et al. 1999:111 [ref. 23689], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:275 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:161 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizothoracini, Zhang et al. 2016:121 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae.

Parasikukia Doi [A.] 2000:392 Fem. Parasikukia maculata Doi 2000. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Parasikukia Doi 2000 -- (Kottelat 2013:139 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, incertae sedis). Current status: Valid as Parasikukia Doi 2000. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Parasinilabeo Wu [H.-W.] 1939:106 Masc. Parasinilabeo assimilis Wu & Yao 1977. Original type a misidentified species; type established by Zhang 2000. Genus of type species should have been Epalzeorhynchos. The type species originally as Epalzeorhynchus [sic] mutabilis Lin 1933, is misidentified according to Zhang 2000:266 [ref. 25071] who established the type species as Parasinilabeo assimilis Wu & Yao 1977 based on Art. 70.3.2. See Pararectoris Su, Yang & Cui 2001. See also Kottelat & Zhang 2003:223 [ref. 27389], who also designated assimiilis as the type species. •Synonym of Crossocheilus Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823 -- (Bănărescu 1997:25 [ref. 23274]). •Valid as Parasinilabeo Wu 1939 -- (Wu et al. 1977:366 [ref. 4807], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:178 [ref. 23876], Zhang 2000:265 [ref. 25071], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:221 [ref. 25272], Kottelat & Zhang 2003:223 [ref. 27389], Zhu et al. 2006:503 [ref. 28857], Huang et al. 2007:531 [ref. 29347], Zheng 2010:3 [ref. 30961], Zhu et al. 2011:46 [ref. 31305], Lan et al. 2013:240 [ref. 32910], Kottelat 2013:157 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:113 [ref. 34477], Zheng et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34678]). Current status: Valid as Parasinilabeo Wu 1939. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Paraspinibarbus Chu [X.-L.] & Kottelat [M.] 1989:2 Masc. Spinibarbus macracanthus Pellegrin & Chevey 1936. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Paraspinibarbus Chu & Kottelat 1989 -- (Doi 1997:23 [ref. 22832], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:152 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:139 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, incertae sedis, Zhang et al. 2016:94 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Paraspinibarbus Chu & Kottelat 1989. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Parator Wu [H.-W.], Yang [G.-R.], Yue [P.-Q.] & Huang [H.-J.] 1963:91 Masc. Tor zonatus Lin 1935. Type by monotypy. See Bănărescu 1997:25 [ref. 23274]. •Synonym of Tor Gray 1833, but a valid subgenus Parator -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:137 [ref. 13584], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:155 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Parator Wu, Yang, Yue & Huang 1963 -- (Wu et al. 1977:330 [ref. 4807], Chu & Kottelat 1989:1 [ref. 12575], Kottelat 2013:139 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, incertae sedis, Zhang et al. 2016:94 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Parator Wu, Yang, Yue & Huang 1963. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Paratylognathus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:227 Masc. Paratylognathus davidi Sauvage 1880. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Racoma McClelland & Griffith 1842 -- (Wu & Wu 1992:301 [ref. 21205]). •Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838, subgenus Schizopyge Heckel 1943 -- (Tsao 1964:139 [ref. 13501], Mo in Chu & Chen 1989:287 [ref. 13584]). •Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838 -- (Kullander et al. 1999:111 [ref. 23689], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:275 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:161 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizothoracini). Current status: Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae.

Percocypris Chu [Y.-T.] 1935:12 Fem. Leptobarbus pingi Tchang 1930. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Percocypris Chu 1935 -- (Wu et al. 1977:265 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:177 [ref. 13584], Wu & Wu 1992:285 [ref. 21205], Chen in Chen 1998:156 [ref. 23556], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:47 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:140 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizothoracini, Zhang et al. 2016:94 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Percocypris Chu 1935. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae.

Pethia Pethiyagoda [R.], Meegaskumbura [M.] & Maduwage [K.] 2012:80 Fem. Barbus nigrofasciatus Günther 1868. Type by original designation. •Valid as Pethia Pethiyagoda, Meegaskumbura & Maduwage 2012 -- (Knight 2013:173 [ref. 32808], Dishma & Vishwanath 2013:82 [ref. 32976], Kottelat 2013:140, 482 [ref. 32989], Lalramliana et al. 2013:366 [ref. 33389], Katwate et al. 2014:235 [ref. 33433], Katwate 2014:201 [ref. 33571], Batuwita et al. 2015:575 [ref. 33714], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini, Atkore et al. 2015:290 [ref. 33789], Katwate et al. 2015:401 [ref. 33839], Katwate et al. 2016:2027 [ref. 34413], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2018:585 [ref. 35803], Katwate et al. 2018:529 [ref. 35979]). Current status: Valid as Pethia Pethiyagoda, Meegaskumbura & Maduwage 2012. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Phreatichthys Vinciguerra [D.] 1924:240 Masc. Phreatichthys andruzzii Vinciguerra 1924. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Phreatichthys Vinciguerra 1924 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:330 [ref. 6186], Poll & Gosse 1995:161 [ref. 24781], Proudlove 2006:59 [ref. 28992]). •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822. Current status: Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Placocheilus Wu [H.-W.] in Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen & He 1977:382 Masc. Discognathus caudofasciatus Pellegrin & Chevey 1936. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Misspelled Placoheilus in index (p. 593). Zhang et al. 2002:209 [ref. 27464] indicate that Wu based this genus on a misidentified type species which Zhang et al. 2002 describe as a new species robustus. •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822 -- (Li et al. 2008:62 [ref. 29588], Lothongkham et al. 2014:543 [ref. 33183]). •Valid as Placocheilus Wu 1977 -- (Cui & Li 1984 [ref. 8236], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:278 [ref. 13584], Chen in Chen 1998:180 [ref. 23556], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:265 [ref. 25272], Zheng et al. 2002:209 [ref. 27464], Zhang 2005:139 [ref. 28426], Zhou et al. 2005:445 [ref. 28432], Zheng 2010:3 [ref. 30961], Zhu et al. 2011:46 [ref. 31305], Chen et al. 2012:307 [ref. 31862], Zhang & Zhou 2012:22 [ref. 32322], Kottelat 2013:141 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:113 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Placocheilus Wu 1977. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Platycara McClelland [J.] 1838:944, 947 Neut. Balitora brucei Gray 1830. Type by being a replacement name. Apparently appeared first as above in late 1838. Also in McClelland 1839:246, 299, 427, 944, 947 [ref. 2923]; as published in ref. 2924 it is less clear that it is a replacement name, and Jordan and Fowler both regard P. nasuta McClelland as type as first designated by Jordan 1919:195 [ref. 2410]. •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822 -- (Karaman 1971:232 [ref. 2560], Lévêque & Daget 1984:301 [ref. 6186], Roberts 1989:40 [ref. 6439], Bănărescu 1997:25 [ref. 23274], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Platypharodon Herzenstein [S. M.] 1891:226 Masc. Platypharodon extremus Herzenstein 1891. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan 1920:442 [ref. 4905]. •Valid as Platypharodon Herzenstein 1891 -- (Tsao 1964:192 [ref. 13501], Wu 1987:46 [ref. 12822], Mirza 1991:340 [ref. 19441], Wu & Wu 1992:512 [ref. 21205], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:244 [ref. 23556], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:386 [ref. 25272], Su et al. 2012:29 [ref. 31869], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizopygopsini, Zhang et al. 2016:119 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Platypharodon Herzenstein 1891. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae.

Poropuntius Smith [H. M.] 1931:14 Masc. Poropuntius normani Smith 1931. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Poropuntius Smith 1931 -- (Kottelat 1989:10 [ref. 13605], Doi 1997:23 [ref. 22832], Roberts 1998:107 [ref. 23549], Proudlove 2006:82 [ref. 28992], Kottelat 2013:143 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini, Zhang et al. 2016:94 [ref. 34477], Muhammad-Rasul et al. 2018:334 [ref. 36118]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius Smith 1931. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Prinicyclocheilus Li [W.-X.] in Li et al. 1996:58 Masc. Sinocyclocheilus macrolepis Li 1992. Might have appeared elsewhere first. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Probarbus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:232 Masc. Probarbus jullieni Sauvage 1880. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Probarbus Sauvage 1880 -- (Kottelat 1985:265 [ref. 11441], Kottelat 1989:10 [ref. 13605], Roberts 1992:38 [ref. 14387], Doi 1997:24 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:145 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprinidae, subfamily Cyprininae, tribe Probarbini). Current status: Valid as Probarbus Sauvage 1880. Cyprinidae: Probarbinae.

Procypris Lin [S.-Y.] 1933:193 Fem. Procypris merus Lin 1933. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Procypris Lin 1933 -- (Chen & Huang 1977:398 [ref. 8497], Wu 1987:44 [ref. 12822], Zhou in Chu & Chen 1989:326 [ref. 13584], Chen in Chen 1998:247 [ref. 23556], Luo & Yue in Yue et al. 2000:395 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:145 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Cyprinini, Zhang et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Procypris Lin 1933. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Prolabeo Norman [J. R.] 1932:182 Masc. Prolabeo batesi Norman 1932. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Prolabeo Norman 1932 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:330 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:298 [ref. 21589], Poll & Gosse 1995:165 [ref. 24781]). Current status: Valid as Prolabeo Norman 1932. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Prolabeops Schultz [L. P.] 1941:85 Masc. Prolabeops cameroonensis Schultz 1941. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Prolabeops Schultz 1941 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:330 [ref. 6186], Poll & Gosse 1995:165 [ref. 24781], De Weirdt et al. 2007:531 [ref. 30024]). Current status: Valid as Prolabeops Schultz 1941. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Prolixicheilus Zheng [L.-P.], Chen [X.-Y.] & Yang [J.-X.] 2016:140 Masc. Pseudogyrinocheilus longisulcus Zheng, Chen & Yang 2010. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Prolixicheilus Zheng, Chen & Yang 2016. Current status: Valid as Prolixicheilus Zheng, Chen & Yang 2016. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Protolabeo Zhang [C.-G.], Zhao [Y.-H.] & An [L.] in An, Liu, Zhao & Zhang 2010:662 Masc. Protolabeo protolabeo Zhang, Zhao & Liu 2010. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Protolabeo Zhang, Zhao & An 2010 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:114 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Protolabeo Zhang, Zhao & An 2010. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Protopuntius Rainboth [W. J.] 1981 Barbus ashmeadi Fowler 1937. Not available from above, appeared in a thesis. Apparently never published in an available way. •In the synonymy of Discherodontus Rainboth 1989. •In Cyprininae, tribe Porotntiinii -- (Tang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Synonym of Discherodontus Rainboth 1989. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Pseudobarbus Bielz [E. A.] 1853:179 Masc. Pseudobarbus leonhardi Bielz 1853. Type by monotypy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Pseudobarbus Smith 1841 in fishes. •In the synonymy of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Bănărescu 1997:25 [ref. 23274], Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:1 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus Daudin 1805. Current status: Synonym of Barbus Daudin 1805. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Pseudobarbus (subgenus of Barbus) Smith [A.] 1841:Pl. 11 Masc. Barbus (Pseudobarbus) burchelli Smith 1841. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan 1919:244 [ref. 2410]. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:218 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Pseudobarbus Smith 1841 -- (Skelton 1988:263 [ref. 7302], Chakona & Swartz 2013:565 [ref. 32786], Chakone et al. 2014:121 [ref. 33468], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini, Chakona & Skelton 2017:109 [ref. 35153], Skelton et al. 2018:16 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Pseudobarbus Smith 1841. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Pseudocrossocheilus Zhang [E] & Chen [J.-X.] 1997:324 Masc. Crossocheilus bamaensis Fang 1981. Type by original designation. •Valid as Pseudocrossocheilus Zhang & Chen 1997 -- (Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:217 [ref. 25272], Yuan et al. 2008:46 [ref. 29667], Zheng 2010:3 [ref. 30961], Zhu et al. 2011:46 [ref. 31305], Ciccotto & Page 2016:475 [ref. 34501], Zhang et al. 2016:114 [ref. 34477], Zheng et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34678]). Current status: Valid as Pseudocrossocheilus Zhang & Chen 1997. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Pseudogyrinocheilus Fang [P.-W.] 1933:255 Masc. Discognathus prochilus Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Semilabeo Peters 1880 -- (Wu et al. 1977:368 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:238 [ref. 13584]). •Valid as Pseudogyrinocheilus Fang 1933 -- (Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:226 [ref. 25272], Zheng et al. 2010: 93 [ref. 30550], Zhu et al. 2011:46 [ref. 31305], Zhang et al. 2016:114 [ref. 34477], Zheng et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34678]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogyrinocheilus Fang 1933. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Pseudosinocyclocheilus Zhang [C.-G.] & Zhao [Y.-H.] in Zhang et al. 2016:96 Masc. Sinocyclocheilus jinxiensis Zheng, Xiu & Yang 2013. Type by original designation. •Valid as Pseudosinocyclocheilus Zhang & Zhao 2016. Current status: Valid as Pseudosinocyclocheilus Zhang & Zhao 2016. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Pseudotor Karaman [M. S.] 1971:229 Masc. Barbus fritschii Günther 1874. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloqt 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:219 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Carasobarbus Karaman 1971 -- (Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:5 [ref. 32915]). Current status: Synonym of Carasobarbus Karaman 1971. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Pterocapoeta Günther [A.] 1902:446 Fem. Pterocapoeta maroccana Günther 1902. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Varicorhinus Rüppell 1835 -- (Karaman 1971:231 [ref. 2560], Lévêque & Daget 1984:336 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus Rüppell 1835 -- (Vreven et al. 2016:32, 64 [ref. 34168]). •Valid as Pterocapoeta Günther 1902 -- (Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Torini, Borkenhagen 2017:296 [ref. 35158] in tribe Torini). Current status: Valid as Pterocapoeta Günther 1902. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Ptychidio Myers [G. S.] 1930:110 Fem. Ptychidio jordani Myers 1930. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Ptychidio Myers 1930 -- (Wu et al. 1977:360 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:234 [ref. 13584], Chen & Chen 1989 [ref. 17650], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:177 [ref. 23876], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:228 [ref. 25272], Zheng 2010:3 [ref. 30961], Zhu et al. 2011:46 [ref. 31305], Zhang et al. 2016:115 [ref. 34477], Zheng et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34678]). Current status: Valid as Ptychidio Myers 1930. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Ptychobarbus Steindachner [F.] 1866:789 Masc. Ptychobarbus conirostris Steindachner 1866. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Diptychus Steindachner 1866, but a valid subgenus Ptychobarbus-- (Tsao 1964:170 [ref. 13501], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:225 [ref. 23556]). •Valid as Ptychobarbus Steindachner 1866 -- (Jayaram 1981:70 [ref. 6497], Tilak 1987:90 [ref. 23969], Wu 1987:47 [ref. 12822], Mo in Chu & Chen 1989:317 [ref. 13584], Mirza 1991:340 [ref. 19441], Wu & Wu 1992:411 [ref. 21205], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:340 [ref. 25272], Chen & Chen 2001:147 [ref. 25461], Kottelat 2013:147 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizopygopsini, Zhang et al. 2016:119 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Ptychobarbus Steindachner 1866. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae.

Puntigrus Kottelat [M.] 2013:(147) 483 Masc. Barbus partipentazona Fowler 1934. Type by original designation. Appeared in appendix, but also on p. 147 •Valid as Puntigrus Kottelat 2013 -- (Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini). Current status: Valid as Puntigrus Kottelat 2013. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Puntioplites Smith [H. M.] 1929:11 Masc. Puntius (Puntius) proctozysron Bleeker 1865. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Puntioplites Smith 1929 -- (Chen & Huang 1977:396 [ref. 8497], Bănărescu 1978:113 [ref. 36231], Kottelat 1985:265 [ref. 11441], Wu 1987:44 [ref. 12822], Roberts 1989:59 [ref. 6439], Zhou in Chu & Chen 1989:323 [ref. 13584], Kottelat 1989:10 [ref. 13605], Doi 1997:24 [ref. 22832], Bănărescu 1997:26 [ref. 23274], Luo & Yue in Yue et al. 2000:392 [ref. 25272], Pasco-Viel 2012:41 [ref. 32355], Kottelat 2013:147 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, Poropuntiini, Zhang et al. 2016:97 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Puntioplites Smith 1929. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Puntius (subgenus of Cyprinus) Hamilton [F.] 1822:310, 388 Masc. Cyprinus sophore Hamilton 1822. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1863:27 [ref. 4859], 1863:263 [ref. 403] or 1863:199 [ref. 397]. •Valid as Puntius Hamilton 1822 -- (Karaman 1971:189 [ref. 2560], Jayaram 1981:97 [ref. 6497], Roberts 1989:60 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 1989:10 [ref. 13605], Ataur Rahman 1989:125 [ref. 24860], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:136 [ref. 23876], Doi 1997:24 [ref. 22832], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:6 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2000:86 [ref. 25486], Ataur Rahman 2003:146 [ref. 31338], Vishwanath & Laisram 2004:130 [ref. 27862], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:50 [ref. 28183], Kullander & Fang 2005:290 [ref. 28193], Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:127 [ref. 28274], Shantakumar & Vishwanath 2006:2279 [ref. 28676], Allen et al. 2006:346 [ref. 29004], Linthoingambi & Vishwanath 2007:45 [ref. 29122], Mercy & Jacob 2007:78 [ref. 29454], Kullander 2008:59 [ref. 29716], Silva et al. 2008:55 [ref. 29719], Meegaskumbura et al. 2008:143 [ref. 29872], Rema Devi et al. 2010:1121 [ref. 30982], Knight et al. 2011:1686 [ref. 31267], Kottelat & Tan 2011:209 [ref. 31694], Krishna Kumar et al. 2012:31 [ref. 31807], Knight et al. 2012:2409 [ref. 31841], Tan 2012:285 [ref. 32058], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:69, 73 [ref. 32071], Plamoottil & Abraham 2014:1094 [ref. 33150], Kottelat 2013:146 [ref. 32989], Plamoottil 2014:1581 [ref. 33648], Plamoottil 2014:135 [ref. 33650], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini, Plamoottil 2015:226 [ref. 33886], Zhang et al. 2016:97 [ref. 34477], Plamoottil 2016:1 [ref. 34781]). Current status: Valid as Puntius Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Qianlabeo Zhang [E] & Chen [Y.-Y.] 2004:27 Masc. Qianlabeo striatus Zheng & Chen 2004. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Qianlabeo Zhang & Chen 2004 -- (Zheng 2010:3 [ref. 30961], Zhu et al. 2011:39 [ref. 31305], Zhang et al. 2016:115 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Qianlabeo Zhang & Chen 2004. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Racoma McClelland [J.] & Griffith [W.] in McClelland 1842:576 Fem. Racoma labiata McClelland 1842. Type by subsequent designation. Attributed to McClelland and Griffith; Griffith provided specimens, drawings, and notes and evidently participated in the description; as a genus (p. 573), elsewhere as a subgenus of Schizothorax. Type apparently designated first by Bleeker 1863:198 [ref. 397] or 1863:26 [ref. 4859]. •Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838, but a valid subgenus Racoma -- (Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:305 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Racoma McClelland & Griffith 1842 -- (Wu 1987:46 [ref. 12822], Mirza & Saeed 1988:313 [ref. 13385], Mirza 1991:340 [ref. 19441], Wu & Wu 1992:300 [ref. 21205], Javed et al. 2012:175 [ref. 32743]). •Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838 -- (Tsao 1964:139 [ref. 13501], Mo in Chu & Chen 1989:287 [ref. 13584], Kullander et al. 1999:110 [ref. 23689], Kottelat 2013:161 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizothoracini, Zhang et al. 2016:121 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae.

Raddabarbus Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1971:132 Masc. Raddabarbus camerunensis Thys van den Audenaerde 1971. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Barboides Brüning 1929 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:217 [ref. 6186], Conway & Moritz 2006:78 [ref. 28637]). Current status: Synonym of Barboides Brüning 1929. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Rectoris Lin [S.-Y.] 1935:303 Masc. Rectoris posehensis Lin 1935. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Rectoris Lin 1935 -- (Wu et al. 1977:361 [ref. 4807], Zhang & Chen 1997:325 [ref. 23731], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:213 [ref. 25272], Zheng 2010:3 [ref. 30961], Zhu et al. 2011:46 [ref. 31305], Zhu et al. 2012:57 [ref. 32323], Kottelat 2013:156 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:115 [ref. 34477], Zheng et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34678]). Current status: Valid as Rectoris Lin 1935. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Rohita Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:242 Fem. Cyprinus rohita Hamilton 1822. Type by absolute tautonymy. Type not Rohita nandina Valenciennes as designated by Bleeker 1863:25 [ref. 4859]. •Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816 -- (Kottelat 2013:114 [ref. 32989]). •In Cyprininae, tribe Labeonini -- (Yang 2015:99 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Rohitichthys Bleeker [P.] 1860:424 Masc. Labeo senegalensis Valenciennes 1842. Type by subsequent monotypy. Apparently appeared first in key, without included species. One species included by Bleeker 1860:114, 191 [ref. 380]. •Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:305 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:50 [ref. 19189], Kottelat 2013:114 [ref. 32989]). •In Cyprininae, tribe Labeonini -- (Yang 2015:99 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Rohitodes (subgenus of Rohita) Bleeker [P.] 1860:114, 159, 162 Masc. Labeo cephalus Valenciennes 1842. Type by monotypy. •Questionably a synonym of Bangana Hamilton 1822 -- (Kottelat 2013:74 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2017:494 [ref. 35262]). Current status: Uncertain as Bangana Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Rohtee Sykes [W. H.] 1839:161 Masc. Rohtee ogilbii Sykes 1839. Type by subsequent designation. Also appeared in Sykes 1839:58 [ref. 4306]. Type designated by Bleeker 1863:201 [ref. 397] and 1863:28 [ref. 4859]. Treated as masculine, Art. 30.2.4. •Valid as Rohtee Sykes 1839 -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:107 [ref. 24860], Jayaram 1981:111 [ref. 6497], Chu & Kottelat 1989:1 [ref. 12575], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini), Current status: Valid as Rohtee Sykes 1839. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Rohteichthys Bleeker [P.] 1860:431 Masc. Barbus microlepis Bleeker 1850. Type by subsequent monotypy. Apparently appeared first in key, without included species. One species included by Bleeker 1860:281, 395 [ref. 380]. Not to be confused with Rohitichthys Bleeker. •Valid as Rohteichthys Bleeker 1860 -- (Roberts 1989:78 [ref. 6439], Doi 1997:24 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:157 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, incertae sedis). Current status: Valid as Rohteichthys Bleeker 1860. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Rugogymnocypris Yueh [T.-H.] & Hwang [H.-C.] 1964:29 Fem. Rugogymnocypris tibetanus Yueh & Hwang 1964. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Gymnocypris Günther 1868 -- (Wu & Zhu 1977 [ref. 21347], Wu 1987:43 [ref. 12822], Kottelat 2013:107 [ref. 32989]). •In Cyprininae, tribe Schizopygopsini -- (Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnocypris Günther 1868. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae.

Sahyadria Raghavan [R.], Philip [S.], Ali [A.] & Dahanukar [N.] 2013:4934 Fem. Labeo denisonii Day 1865. Type by original designation. •Valid as Sahyadria Raghavan, Philip, Ali & Dahanukar 2013 -- (Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini). Current status: Valid as Sahyadria Raghavan, Philip, Ali & Dahanukar 2013. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Sanagia Holly [M.] 1926:155 Fem. Sanagia velifera Holly 1926. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Also published in Holly 1927:139 [ref. 2188]. •Valid as Sanagia Hollly 1926 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:336 [ref. 6186], Poll & Gosse 1995:165 [ref. 24781], De Weirdt et al. 2007:537 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:[1] [ref. 34168]). •Possibly a synonym of Labeobarbus Rüppell 1835 -- (Borkenhagen 2017:296 [ref. 35158]). Current status: Valid as Sanagia Holly 1926. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Sawbwa Annandale [N.] 1918:48 Fem. Sawbwa resplendens Annandale 1918. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Misspelled Sambwa in Zoological Record for 1918. Treated as feminine, Art. 30.2.4. See Das 2003:361 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Sawbwa Annandale 1918 -- (Jayaram 1981:97 [ref. 6497], Kottelat 1989:11 [ref. 13605], Doi 1997:25 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:159 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini). Current status: Valid as Sawbwa Annandale 1918. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Scaphesthes Oshima [M.] 1919:208 Fem. Scaphesthes tamusuiensis Oshima 1919. Type by monotypy. Misspelled Scaphestes in Zoological Record for 1919. •Synonym of Varicorhinus Rüppell 1835, but a valid subgenus Scaphesthes -- (Wu et al. 1977:298 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:213 [ref. 13584], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:157 [ref. 23876]). •Synonym of Onychostoma Günther 1896, but a valid subgenus Scaphesthes -- (Bănărescu 1971 [ref. 20619]). •Synonym of Onychostoma Günther 1896 -- (Chen 1989:119 [ref. 14144], Bănărescu 1997:26 [ref. 23274] as Scaphestes, Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:126 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:128 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Scaphesthes Oshima 1919 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:25 [ref. 31432], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 34694] in Cyprinidae, tribe Acrossocheiloni, Zhang et al. 2016:91 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Onychostoma Günther 1896. Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae.

Scaphiodon Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1020 Masc. Scaphiodon tinca Heckel 1843. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1863:196 [ref. 397] and 1863:26 [ref. 4859]. Misspelled once as Scapiodon by Heckel p. 1020 and as Scaphioidon p. 1060, but not for example pp. 1056-1059; Scaphioidon corrected to Scaphiodon in Corrigenda accompanying separate. •Synonym of Varicorhinus Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:336 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Capoeta Valenciennes 1842 -- (Krupp & Schneider 1989:364 [ref. 13651], Bănărescu 1999:383 [ref. 24846]). •In Cyprininae, tribe Barbini -- (Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Synonym of Capoeta Valenciennes 1842. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Scaphiodonichthys Vinciguerra [D.] 1890:285 Masc. Scaphiodonichthys burmanicus Vinciguerra 1890. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Cyprinion Heckel 1843 -- (Howes 1982:331 [ref. 14202]). •Valid as Scaphiodonichthys Vinciguerra 1890 -- (Jayaram 1981:96 [ref. 6497], Chen 1989:118 [ref. 14144], Bănărescu 1997:26 [ref. 23274], Shan 1997:8 [ref. 25091], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:147 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:159 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Barbini, Zhang et al. 2016:98 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Scaphiodonichthys Vinciguerra 1890. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Scaphiodontella Oshima [M.] 1920:125 Fem. Scaphiodontella alticorpus Oshima 1920. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Spelled Scaphiodentella on p. 127. •Synonym of Onychostoma Günther 1896 -- (Chen 1989:119 [ref. 14144], Ho & Shao 2011:25 [ref. 31432], Kottelat 2013:128 [ref. 32989]). •In Cyprininae, tribe Acrossocheilini -- (Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Synonym of Onychostoma Günther 1896. Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae.

Scaphiodontopsis Fowler [H. W.] 1934:117 Fem. Scaphiodontopsis acanthopterus Fowler 1934. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Cyprinion Heckel 1843 -- (Howes 1982:331 [ref. 14202]). •Apparently a synonym of Cyprinion Heckel 1843 -- (Kottelat 1989:7 [ref. 13605]). •Synonym of Scaphiodonichthys Vinciguerra 1890 -- (Bănărescu 1997:27 [ref. 23274], Kottelat 2013:159 [ref. 32989]). •In Cyprininae, tribe Barbini -- (Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Synonym of Scaphiodonichthys Vinciguerra 1890. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Scaphognathops Smith [H. M.] 1945:208 Masc. Scaphognathus stejnegeri Smith 1931. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Scaphognathus Smith 1931, preoccupied by Scaphognathus Wagner 1861 in Reptilia. •Valid as Scaphognathops Smith 1945 -- (Kottelat 1985:266 [ref. 11441], Kottelat 1989:11 [ref. 13605], Doi 1997:25 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:159 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini). Current status: Valid as Scaphognathops Smith 1945. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Scaphognathus Smith [H. M.] 1931:21 Masc. Scaphognathus stejnegeri Smith 1931. Type by monotypy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Scaphognathus Wagner 1861 in Reptilia, replaced by Scaphognathops Smith 1945. Current status: Synonym of Scaphognathops Smith 1945. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Schismatorhynchos Bleeker [P.] 1855:258, 269 Neut. Lobocheilus heterorhynchos Bleeker 1854. Type by monotypy. Spelled two ways when proposed: Schismatorhijnchos (p. 258) and Schismatorhynchos (p. 260, 269), the latter correctly formed. Subsequently spelled Schismatorhynchus by Bleeker 1863:193 [ref. 397] and 1863:25 [ref. 4859]. •Valid as Schismatorhynchos Bleeker 1855 -- (Jayaram 1981:115 [ref. 6497] as Schismatorhynchus, Roberts 1989:79 [ref. 6439], Doi 1997:25 [ref. 22832], Siebert & Tjakrawidjaja 1998:98 [ref. 23404], Kottelat 2013160 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Schismatorhynchos Bleeker 1855. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Schizocypris Regan [C. T.] 1914:262 Fem. Schizocypris brucei Regan 1914. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Schizocypris Regan 1914 -- (Tsao 1964:168 [ref. 13501], Mirza 1991:340 [ref. 19441], Coad & Keyzer-de Ville 2005:35 [ref. 28505], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, incertae sedis, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:879 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:56 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:36 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Schizocypris Regan 1914. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Schizopyge Heckel [J. J.] 1847:285 Fem. Schizothorax curvifrons Heckel 1838. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1863:196 [ref. 397] and 1863:26 [ref. 4859]. Original not examined, might have been published in 1843. •Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838 -- (Tilak 1987:47 [ref. 23969] in part, Mo in Chu & Chen 1989:287 [ref. 13584], Kullander et al. 1999:111 [ref. 23689], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:275 [ref. 25272]). •Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838, but a valid subgenus Schizopyge -- (Tsao 1964:139 [ref. 13501]). •Synonym of Racoma McClelland 1842 -- (Wu & Wu 1992:349 [ref. 21205]). •Valid as Schizopyge Heckel 1847 -- (Jayaram 1981:63 [ref. 6497], Mirza & Saeed 1988:313 [ref. 13385], Mirza 1991:340 [ref. 19441], Kottelat 2013:160 [ref. 32989] dated 1848, Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizothoracini). Current status: Valid as Schizopyge Heckel 1847. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae.

Schizopygopsis Steindachner [F.] 1866:785 Fem. Schizopygopsis stoliczkai Steindachner 1866. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Schizopygopsis Steindachner 1866 -- (Tsao 1964:184 [ref. 13501], Tchang et al. 1964 [ref. 3504], Jayaram 1981:68 [ref. 6497], Tilak 1987:66 [ref. 23969], Wu 1987:47 [ref. 12822], Wu 1987:111 [ref. 12824], Mirza 1991:340 [ref. 19441], Wu & Wu 1992:465 [ref. 21205], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:237 [ref. 23556], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:368 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:160 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizopygopsini, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:879 [ref. 34062], Zhang et al. 2016:120 [ref. 34477], Esmaeili et al. 2017:57 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:37 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Schizopygopsis Steindachner 1866. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae.

Schizothoraichthys Misra [K. S.] 1962:48 Masc. Schizothorax esocinus Heckel 1838. Type by original designation. •Valid as Schizothoraichthys Misra 1962 -- (Tilak 1987:118 [ref. 23969]). •Synonym of Racoma McClelland & Griffith 1842 -- (Wu & Wu 1992:301 [ref. 21205] as Schizothoraxcichthys). •Synonym of Schizopyge Heckel 1847 -- (Jayaram 1981:63 [ref. 6497]). •Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838 -- (Mo in Chu & Chen 1989:287 [ref. 13584], Kullander et al. 1999:111 [ref. 23689], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:275 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:161 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizothoracini). Current status: Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae.

Schizothorax Heckel [J. J.] 1838:11 Masc. Schizothorax esocinus Heckel 1838. Type by subsequent designation. According to Kullander et al. 1999:113 [ref. 23689], the type of Schizothorax is Schizothorax esocinus and the type of Oreinus is Schizothorax plagiostomus as designated by McClelland 1842; this is an important change and needs more study. Type as plagiostomus apparently first designated by Bleeker 1863:196 [ref. 397], 1863:26 [ref. 4859] and 1863:262 [ref. 403], not cavifrons designated by Günther 1868. •Valid as Schizothorax Heckel 1838 -- (Tsao 1964:139 [ref. 13501], Karaman 1971:191 [ref. 2560], Jayaram 1981:67 [ref. 6497], Chen et al. 1982 [ref. 8496], Terashima 1984 [ref. 6729], Tilak 1987:47 [ref. 23969], Wu 1987:44 [ref. 12822], Mirza & Saeed 1988 [ref. 13385], Mo in Chu & Chen 1989:287 [ref. 13584], Mirza 1991:340 [ref. 19441], Wu & Wu 1992:389 [ref. 21205], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:184 [ref. 23556], Kullander et al. 1999:110 [ref. 23689], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:275 [ref. 25272], Yang et al. 2009:23 [ref. 30052], Gante 2011:289 [ref. 31608], Yang et al. 2013:361 [ref. 32818], Kottelat 2013:161 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizothoracini, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:879 [ref. 34062], Arunkumar & Alphonsa Moyon 2016:65 [ref. 34448], Zhang et al. 2016:121 [ref. 34477], Esmaeili et al. 2017:57 [ref. 35254], Çiçek et al. 2018:6 [ref. 36267], Esmaeili et al. 2018:37 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Schizothorax Heckel 1838. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae.

Sedercypris Skelton [P. H.], Swartz [E. R.] & Vreven [E. J.] 2018:19 Masc. Barbus calidus Barnard 1938. Type by original designation. •Valid as Sedercypris Skelton, Swartz & Vreven 2018. Current status: Valid as Sedercypris Skelton, Swartz & Vreven 2018. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Semilabeo Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1881:1032 Masc. Semilabeo notabilis Peters 1881. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Semilabeo Peters 1881 -- (Wu et al. 1977:368 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:238 [ref. 13584], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:184 [ref. 23876], Chen in Chen 1998:170 [ref. 23556], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:223 [ref. 25272], Zheng 2010:3 [ref. 30961], Zhu et al. 2011:46 [ref. 31305], Kottelat 2013:162 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:115 [ref. 34477], Zheng et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34678]). Current status: Valid as Semilabeo Peters 1881. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Semiplotus Bleeker [P.] 1860:424 Masc. Cyprinus semiplotus McClelland 1839. Type by subsequent monotypy (also by absolute tautonymy). Apparently appeared first in key, without included species. One species included by Bleeker 1860:115 [ref. 380]. •Synonym of Cyprinion Heckel 1843 -- (Howes 1982:331 [ref. 14202]). •Valid as Semiplotus Bleeker 1860 -- (Jayaram 1981:95 [ref. 6497], Chen 1989:118 [ref. 14144], Vishwanath & Kosygin 2000:92 [ref. 24889], Kottelat 2013:162 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Barbini). Current status: Valid as Semiplotus Bleeker 1860. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

Siaja (subgenus of Cyclocheilichthys) Bleeker [P.] 1859:149 Fem. Cyclocheilichthys (Siaja) siaja Bleeker 1860. Type by absolute tautonymy. Appeared as name only in Bleeker 1860:431 [ref. 370]. Apparently dates to 1859 [or 1860] as above; with many included species, one of which is siaja. Type not Capoeta microlepis. Also in Bleeker 1863:27 [ref. 4859] and 1863:199 [ref. 397]. •Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys Bleeker 1859 -- (Roberts 1989:33 [ref. 6439] with type as microlepis, Kottelat 2013:91 [ref. 32989]). •In Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini -- (Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys Bleeker 1859. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Sikukia Smith [H. M.] 1931:138 Fem. Sikukia stejnegeri Smith 1931. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Sikukia Smith 1931 -- (Kottelat 1985:266 [ref. 11441], Kottelat 1985 [ref. 5288], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:166 [ref. 13584], Kottelat 1989:11 [ref. 13605], Doi 1997:25 [ref. 22832], Li et al. 1998:453 [ref. 24130], Doi 2000:391 [ref. 25097], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:92 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:162 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini, Zhang et al. 2016:98 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sikukia Smith 1931. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Sinibarbus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1874:335 Masc. Sinibarbus vittatus Sauvage 1874. Type by monotypy. •Status uncertain -- (Bănărescu 1997:27 [ref. 23274]). •Status uncertain in Acrossocheilus Oshima 1919 -- (Kottelat 2013:71 [ref. 32989]). •In Cyprininae, tribe Acrossocheilini -- (Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Uncertain as Acrossocheilus Oshima 1919. Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae.

Sinigarra Zhang [E] & Zhou [W.] 2012:19 Fem. Sinigarra napoense Zhang & Zhou 2012. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Sinigarra Zhang & Zhou 2012. Current status: Valid as Sinigarra Zhang & Zhou 2012. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Sinilabeo Rendahl [H.] 1933:81 Masc. Sinilabeo hummeli Zhang, Kullander & Chen 2006. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Based on a misidentified type species according to Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:168 [ref. 23876]. Zhang et al. 2006:97 [ref. 28545] fix the type species as Sinilabeo hummeli Zhang, Kullander & Chen 2006 on the basis of Art. 70.3; misidentified as Varicorhinus tungting Nichols 1925 by Rendahl. •See Bănărescu 1997:27 [ref. 23274]. •Synonym of Sinilabeo Hamilton 1822 -- (Liu & Zhou 2009:61[ref. 30000]). •Valid as Sinilabeo Rendahl 1933 -- (Wu et al. 1977:333 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:252 [ref. 13584], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:168 [ref. 23876], Wu & Wu 1992:290 [ref. 21205], Chen in Chen 1998:173 [ref. 23556], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:176 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2006:97 [ref. 28545], Zhu et al. 2011:46 [ref. 31305], Zhang et al. 2016:116 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sinilabeo Rendahl 1933. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Sinocrossocheilus Wu [H.-W.] in Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen & He 1977:359 Masc. Sinocrossocheilus guizhouensis Wu 1977. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Sinocrossocheilus Wu 1977 -- (Cui & Chu 1986 [ref. 9822], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:246 [ref. 13584], Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:233 [ref. 25272], Su et al. 2003:423 [ref. 26953], Chen et al. 2006:82 [ref. 28657], Zhang et al. 2008:43 [ref. 29452], Yuan et al. 2008:38 [ref. 29667], Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522], Zheng 2010:3 [ref. 30961], Zhu et al. 2011:46 [ref. 31305], Zhao et al. 2011:1549 [ref. 31493], Ma & Zhao 2012:109 [ref. 34891], Ciccotto & Page 2016:475 [ref. 34501], Zhang et al. 2016:116 [ref. 34477], Zheng et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34678]). Current status: Valid as Sinocrossocheilus Wu 1977. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Sinocyclocheilus Fang [P.-W.] 1936:588 Masc. Sinocyclocheilus tingi Fang 1936. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Genus misspelled Sinocyclocheils once on p. 588. •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus Fang 1936 -- (Wu et al. 1977:261 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui 1985 [ref. 8174], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:169 [ref. 13584], Wu & Wu 1992:287 [ref. 21205], Chen & Yang 1993:123 [ref. 24946], Chen et al. 1994:246 [ref. 22068], Chen et al. 1997:219 [ref. 23733], Chen in Chen 1998:155 [ref. 23556], Wang & Chen 1998:102 [ref. 26207], Li et al. 1998:3 [ref. 28148], Zhou & Li 1998:140 [ref. 28158], Kottelat & Bréhier 1999:356 [ref. 24929], Wang & Chen 2000:630 [ref. 25055], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:52 [ref. 25272], Li et al. 2003:63 [ref. 18235], Xiao et al. 2004:522 [ref. 28157], Zhao et al. 2006:121 [ref. 28691], Zhao & Zhang 2006:769 [ref. 31176], Proudlove 2006:70 [ref. 28992], Li et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29378], Romero 2009 [ref. 30522], Zhao et al. 2009:137 [ref. 29635], Zhao et al. 2009:204 [ref. 29545], Zhao et al. 2009:137 [ref. 30565], Liang et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31561], Zhu & Zhu 2012:222 [ref. 31831], Zheng et al. 2012:x [ref. 32676], Ma & Zhao 2012:109 [ref. 34891], Li & Li 2013:83 [ref. 32723], Pan et al. 2013:368 [ref. 32821], Gan et al. 2013:459 [ref. 32904], Lan et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32910], Kottelat 2013:163 [ref. 32989], Zang et al. 2014:583 [ref. 33186], Li & Li 2014:249 [ref. 33240], Li et al. 2014:37 [ref. 33537], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Cyprinini, Cheng et al. 2015:33 [ref. 34631], Chen et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34372], Zhang et al 2016:98 [ref. 34477], Luo et al. 2016:650 [ref. 35992], Huang et al. 2017:1483 [ref. 35602], Yang et al. 2017:58 [ref. 35740], Lan et al. 2017:97 [ref. 35741], Yang et al. 2017:507 [ref. 35837], Liu et al. 2018:[1] [ref. 35769], Li et al. 2018:153 [ref. 35866], Wu et al. 2018:55 [ref. 35993], Chen et al. 2018:130 [ref. 36136]). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus Fang 1936. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Smiliogaster Bleeker [P.] 1860:438 Fem. Leuciscus belangeri Valenciennes 1844. Type by subsequent monotypy. Apparently appeared first in key, without included species. One species included by Bleeker 1860:296, 467 [ref. 380]. Type also designated by Bleeker 1863:214 [ref. 397] and 1863:33 [ref. 4859]. •Synonym of Rohtee Sykes 1839 -- (authors). •Synonym of Osteobrama Heckel 1843 -- (Bănărescu 1997:27 [ref. 23274], Kottelat 2013:134 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteobrama Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Speolabeo Kottelat [M.] 2017:497 Masc. Bangana musaei Kottelat & Steiner 2011. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Speolabeo Kottelat 2017 -- (Nguyen et al. 2018:109 [ref. 36133]). Current status: Valid as Speolabeo Kottelat 2017. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Spinibarbichthys Oshima [M.] 1926:11 Masc. Spinibarbichthys denticulatus Oshima 1926. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Spinibarbus Oshima 1919 -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:149 [ref. 13584], Yang & Chen 1995:150 [ref. 23555], Bănărescu 1997:27 [ref. 23274], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:38 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Spinibarbichthys Oshima 1926 -- (Kottelat 2013:163 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Spinibarbichthys Oshima 1926. Cyprinidae: Spinibarbinae.

Spinibarbus Oshima [M.] 1919:217 Masc. Spinibarbus hollandi Oshima 1919. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Kottelat (2013) says type by monotypy as "the type of the present genus" was not explicitly mentioned. •Valid as Spinibarbus Oshima 1919 -- (Wu et al. 1977:237 [ref. 4807], Chu & Kottelat 1989:1 [ref. 12575], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:149 [ref. 13584], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:139 [ref. 23876], Yang & Chen 1995:150 [ref. 23555], Nguyen & Nguyen 1997:22 [ref. 33174], Chen in Chen 1998:154 [ref. 23556], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:38 [ref. 25272], Tang et al. 2005:77 [ref. 28199], Ho & Shao 2011:25 [ref. 31432], Kottelat 2013:164 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Spinibarbini, Zhang et al. 2016:104 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Spinibarbus Oshima 1919. Cyprinidae: Spinibarbinae.

Spratellicypris Herre [A. W. C. T.] & Myers [G. S.] 1931:239 Fem. Barbodes palata Herre 1924. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Probably valid -- (Kornfield & Carpenter 1984:75 [ref. 5435]). •Probably a synonym of Puntius Hamilton 1822 -- (Bănărescu 1997:27 [ref. 23274]). • Synonym of Barbodes Breeker 1859 -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989]). •In Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini -- (Tang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes Bleeker 1859. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Stenorynchoacrum Huang [Y.-F.] Yang [J.-X.] & Chen [X.-Y.] 2014:381 Masc. Stenorynchoacrum xijiangensis Huang, Yang & Chen 2014. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Stenorynchoacrum Huang, Yang & Chen 2014 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:116 [ref. 34477], Zheng et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34678]). Current status: Valid as Stenorynchoacrum Huang, Yang & Chen 2014. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Striuntius Kottelat [M.] 2013:483 Masc. Barbus lineatus Duncker 1904. Type by original designation. •Valid as Striuntius Kottelat 2013 -- (Kottelat 2013:165 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini). Current status: Valid as Striuntius Kottelat 2013. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Systomus McClelland [J.] 1838:948 Masc. Systomus immaculatus McClelland 1839. Type by subsequent designation. Type desingated by Jordan 1919:195. Also appeared in McClelland 1839:284, 379 [ref. 2925] without species. Spelled Systoma by Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:381 [ref. 1009]. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816-- (authors). •Synonym of Puntius Hamilton 1822 -- (Bănărescu 1997:27 [ref. 23274], Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:89 [ref. 26519], Kottelat 2000:86 [ref. 25486], Knight et al. 2011:1686 [ref. 31267]). •Valid as Systomus McClelland 1838 -- (Kottelat & Tan 2011:209 [ref. 31694], Tan 2012:285 [ref. 32058], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:76 [ref. 32071], Kottelat 2013:165, 482 [ref. 32989], Plamoottil 2014:135 [ref. 33650], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Smiliogastrini, Plamoottil 2016:92 [ref. 34814]). Current status: Valid as Systomus McClelland 1838. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Tambra (subgenus of Hypselobarbus) Bleeker [P.] 1860:275, 311, 312 Fem. Cyprinus abramioides Sykes 1839. Type by monotypy. Appeared first as name only in Bleeker 1860:430 [ref. 370]. Description dates to Bleeker 1860 as above, with one species included in subgenus. Treated as feminine (Art. 30.2.4). •Synonym of Catla Valenciennes 1844 -- (Bănărescu 1997:27 [ref. 23274]). •Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816 -- (Kottelat 2013:114 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Tariqilabeo (subgenus of Labeo) Mirza [M. R.] & Saboohi [N.] 1990:405 Masc. Labeo macmahoni Zugmayer 1912. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816, but a valid subgenus Tariqilabeo as described. •Synonym of Crossocheilus Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823 -- (Kottelat 2013:89 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Gonorhynchus McClelland 1838 -- (Ciccotto & Page 2016:472 [ref. 34501]). •Valid as Tariqilabeo Mirza & Saboohi 1990 -- (Kottelat 2016:445 [ref. 34856], Ciccotto & Page 2017:447 [ref. 35090], Esmaeili et al. 2017:58 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:39 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Tariqilabeo Mirza & Saboohi 1990. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Tetrostichodon Tchang [T.-L.], Yueh [T.-H.] & Hwang [H.-C.] 1964:273 Masc. Schizothorax oconnori Lloyd 1908. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Racoma McClelland & Griffith 1842 -- (Wu & Wu 1992:301, 349 [ref. 21205]). •Probably a synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838 -- (Bănărescu 1997:28 [ref. 23274] as Tetrastichodon). •Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838 -- (Kullander et al. 1999:111 [ref. 23689], Chen & Cao in Yue et al. 2000:275 [ref. 25272], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Schizothoracini, Zhang et al. 2016:121 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Schizopyge Heckel 1848 -- (Kottelat 2013:160 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Schizothorax Heckel 1838. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae.

Thynnichthyina (subgenus of Thynnichthys) Fowler [H. W.] 1937:177 Fem. Thynnichthys thai Fowler 1937. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Second species mentioned would be nominate species of subgenus Thynnichthys. •Synonym of Thynnichthys Bleeker 1859 -- (Kottelat 2013:167 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Thynnichthys Bleeker 1859. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Thynnichthys Bleeker [P.] 1859:153 Masc. Leuciscus thynnoides Bleeker 1852. Type by subsequent designation. Apparently appeared first in key, without included species. Two species included by Bleeker 1859 [or 1860]:153-154 [ref. 371]; six species (3 with question) included by Bleeker 1860:283, 406-407 [ref. 380]. Type designated by Bleeker 1863:201 [ref. 397] and 1863:28 [ref. 4859]. •Valid as Thynnichthys Bleeker 1859 -- (Jayaram 1981:114 [ref. 6497], Kottelat 1985:267 [ref. 11441], Kottelat 1989:12 [ref. 13605], Roberts 1989:80 [ref. 6439], Doi 1997:25 [ref. 22832],Yang et al. 2012:362 [ref. 33458] in Labeonini, Kottelat 2013:167 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Thynnichthys Bleeker 1859. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Tor Gray [J. E.] 1834:Pl. 96 (v. 2) Masc. Tor hamiltonii Gray 1834 (= Cyprinus tor Hamilton 1822). Type by monotypy. Species as "[Pl.] 96. Fig. 1. Dr. Hamilton's Tor Carp. Tor hamiltonii." Gray's T. hamiltoni is an unneeded substitute for Cyprinus tor Hamilton. •Valid as Tor Gray 1834 -- (Karaman 1971:224 [ref. 2560], Wu et al. 1977:322 [ref. 4807], Jayaram 1981:123 [ref. 6497], Rainboth 1985:33 [ref. 5968], Chen & Chu 1985 [ref. 5250], Roberts 1989:80 [ref. 6439], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:136 [ref. 13584], Kottelat 1989:12 [ref. 13605], Ataur Rahman 1989:135 [ref. 24860], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:165 [ref. 23876], Zhou & Cui 1996:132 [ref. 22573], Doi 1997:25 [ref. 22832], Chen in Chen 1998:163 [ref. 23556], Roberts 1999:226 [ref. 23900], Kottelat & Bréhier 1999:354 [ref. 24929], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:154 [ref. 25272], Arunkumar & Basudha 2003:271 [ref. 28839], Ataur Rahman 2003:155 [ref. 31338], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:227 [ref. 31585], Kottelat 2013:168 [ref. 32989], Khare et al. 2014:[1] [ref. 33361], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Torini, Hoàng et al. 2015:551 [ref. 33936], Zhang et al. 2016:105 [ref. 34477], Walton et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35037], Borkenhagen 2017:296 [ref. 35158] in tribe Torini, Raghavan et al. 2017:593 [ref. 35558], Laskar et al. 2018:[1] [ref. 35834], Pinder et al. 2018:1 [ref. 35981]). Current status: Valid as Tor Gray 1834. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Troglocyclocheilus Kottelat [M.] & Bréhier [F.] 1999:350 Masc. Troglocyclocheilus khammouanensis Kottelat & Bréhier 1999. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Troglocyclocheilus Kottelat & Bréhier 1999 -- (Proudlove 2006:83 [ref. 28992] Kottelat 2013:170 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Troglocyclocheilus Kottelat & Bréhier 1999. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Tylognathoides (subgenus of Tylognathus) Tortonese [E.] 1938:15 [of separate] Masc. Tylognathus festai Tortonese 1939. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Tylognathoides Tortonese 1938 -- (Karaman 1971:239 [ref. 2560]). •Probably a synonym of Hemigrammocapoeta Pellegrin 1927 -- (Bănărescu 1997:28 [ref. 23274]). •Probably a synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822. Current status: Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Tylognathus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1027 Masc. Varicorhinus diplostomus Heckel 1838. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1863:194 [ref. 397] or 1863:25 [ref. 4859]. •Synonym of Crossocheilus Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823 -- (Karaman 1971:236 [ref. 2560]). •Synonym of Labeo Cuvier 1816 -- (Bănărescu 1997:28 [ref. 23274]). •Synonym of Lobocheilus van Hasselt 1823 [in error] -- (Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:197 [ref. 25272]). •Synonym of Bangana Hamilton 1822 -- (Zhang & Chen 2006:43 [ref. 28775], Kottelat 2013:74 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2017:494 [ref. 35262]). •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822 -- (Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:197 [ref. 34083]). Current status: Synonym of Bangana Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Typhlobarbus Chu [X.-L.] & Chen [Y.-R.] 1982:383 Masc. Typhlobarbus nudiventris Chu & Chen 1982. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Typhlobarbus Chu & Chen 1982 -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:223 [ref. 13584], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:51 [ref. 25272], Proudlove 2006:69 [ref. 28992], Romero 2009 [ref. 30522], Zhao et al. 2011:1549 [ref. 31493], Ma & Zhao 2012:110 [ref. 34891], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, incertae sedis, Zhang et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Typhlobarbus Chu & Chen 1982. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Typhlogarra Trewavas [E.] 1955:552 Fem. Typhlogarra widdowsoni Trewavas 1955. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Typhlogarra Trewavas 1955 -- (Bănărescu 1997:28 [ref. 23274], Proudlove 2006:64 [ref. 28992]). •Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822 -- (Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:88 [ref. 34042], Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:197 [ref. 34083]). Current status: Synonym of Garra Hamilton 1822. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Vanderbiltella (subgenus of Barbus) Fowler [H. W.] 1936:273 Fem. Barbus lepidura Fowler 1936. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Barbus Cuvier & Cloquet 1816 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:218 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867 -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:349 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius Cope 1867. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Varicogobio Lin [S.-Y.] 1931:74 Masc. Varicogobio kaa Lin 1931. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Ptychidio Myers 1930. Current status: Synonym of Ptychidio Myers 1930. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Varicorhinus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:20 Masc. Varicorhinus beso Rüppell 1835. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Varicorhinus Rüppell 1835 -- (Karaman 1971:231 [ref. 2560], Wu et al. 1977:298 [ref. 4807], Lévêque & Daget 1984:336 [ref. 6186], Banister 1984 [ref. 5282], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:212 [+ref. 13584], Chen 1989:109 [ref. 14144], Lévêque et al. 1989:118 [ref. 26480], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:156 [ref. 23876], Poll & Gosse 1995:167 [ref. 24781] as Varicorinus, Bănărescu 1997:28 [ref. 23274] as Varicornis, Tweddle & Skelton 1998:369 [ref. 23328], Chen in Chen 1998:159 [ref. 23556], Getahun et al. 2004:159 [ref. 27830], Turan et al. 2006:151 [ref. 28700], De Weirdt et al. 2007:537 [ref. 30024] dated 1836, Marshall 2011:107 [ref. 31755] dated 1836, Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Torini, Levin et al. 2015:400 [ref. 34851]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus Rüppell 1835 -- (Vreven et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34168], Borkenhagen 2017:296 [ref. 35158]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus Rüppell 1835. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Vinagarra Nguyen [V. H.] & Bui [T. A.] 2009:52 Fem. Garra laichowensis Nguyen & Doan 1969. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Name spelled as Vingarra and Vinagrra as well as Vinagarra -- this name correctly formed (Endruweit 2014:148 [ref. 33205]). •Valid as Vinagarra Nguyen & Bui 2009 -- (Endruweit 2014:147 [ref. 33205]). Current status: Valid as Vinagarra Nguyen & Bui 2009. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Vinalabeo Nguyen [V. H.], Nguyen [H. D.] & Nguyen [T. D. P.] 2016:141 Masc. Varicorhinus tonkinensis Pellegrin & Chevey 1934. Type by original designation. •Valid as Vinalabeo Nguyen, Nguyen & Nguyen 2016. •Synonym of Altigena Burton 1934 -- (Kottelat 2017:494 [ref. 35262]). Current status: Synonym of Altigena Burton 1934. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

Xenobarbus Norman [J. R.] 1923:694 Masc. Xenobarbus loveridgei Norman 1923. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Xenobarbus Norman 1923 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:342 [ref. 6186], Poll & Gosse 1995:161 [ref. 24781]). Current status: Valid as Xenobarbus Norman 1923. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

Xenocheilichthys Smith [H. M.] 1934:304 Masc. Xenocheilichthys gudgeri Smith 1934. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Sikukia Smith 1931 -- (Kottelat 1985:954 [ref. 5288], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:166 [ref. 13584], Li et al. 1998:453 [ref. 24130], Shan et al. in Yue et al. 2000:92 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:162 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Sikukia Smith 1931. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

Zaccarinia Gianferrari [L.] 1934 Fem. Barbopsis stefaninii Gianferrari 1930. type by monotypy. Not yet investigated. •Synonym of Barbopsis Di Caporiacco 1926. Current status: Synonym of Barbopsis Di Caporiacco 1926. Cyprinidae: Torinae.

Zuojiangia Zheng [L.-P.], He [Y.], Yang [J.-X.] & Wu [L.-B.] 2018:2 Fem. Zuojiangia jingxiensis Zheng, He, Yang & Wu 2018. Type by original designation (and monotypic). •Valid as Zuojiangia Zheng, He, Yang & Wu 2018. Current status: Valid as Zuojiangia Zheng, He, Yang & Wu 2018. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.