Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Catalog of Fishes
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Genera in the family or subfamily Kyphosidae: [ 56 ] records


Agenor Castelnau [F. L.] 1879:371 Masc. Agenor modestus Castelnau 1879. Type by monotypy. Agenor Castelnau 1879 is a junior homonym of Agenor Risso 1827 (Crustacea: Branchiura) [see ref. 3757, v. 5]. •Synonym of Scorpis Valenciennes 1832 based on placement of type species -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1326 [ref. 29000])> Current status: Synonym of Scorpis Valenciennes 1832. Kyphosidae: Scorpidinae.

Aplodon Thominot [A.] (ex Duméril) 1883:141 Masc. Aplodon margaritiferum Thominot 1883. Type by subsequent designation. Type apparently first designated by Jordan 1919:426 [ref. 4905]. Unjustifiably emended to Haplodon by authors. •Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Current status: Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Atypichthys Günther [A.] 1862:510 Masc. Atypus strigatus Günther 1860. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Atypus Günther 1860, preoccupied by Atypus Latreille 1804 in Arachnida. •Valid as Atypichthys Günther 1862 -- (Scott 1976:173 [ref. 7055], Gomon et al. 1994:618 [ref. 22532], Carpenter 2001:3302 [ref. 26124], Hoese & Bray 2006:1318 [ref. 29000], Gomon 2008:603 [ref. 30616], Trnski & Knudsen 2015:1330 [ref. 34205], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458]). Current status: Valid as Atypichthys Günther 1862. Kyphosidae: Microcanthinae.

Atypus Günther [A.] 1860:64 Masc. Atypus strigatus Günther 1860. Type by monotypy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Atypus Latreille 1804 in Arachnida, replaced by and objective synonym of Atypichthys Günther 1862. •Synonym of Atypichthys Günther 1862 -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1318 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Atypichthys Günther 1862. Kyphosidae: Microcanthinae.

Bathystethus Gill [T. N.] 1893:123 Masc. Cichla cultrata Bloch & Schneider 1801. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Platystethus Günther 1860, preoccupied by Platystethus Mannerheim 1831 in Coleoptera. •Valid as Bathystethus Gill 1893 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:567 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Bray 2006:1319 [ref. 29000] with type as Sciaena cultrata Forster 1801, Trnski & Knudsen 2015:1325 [ref. 34205]). Current status: Valid as Bathystethus Gill 1893. Kyphosidae: Scorpidinae.

Caesioma Kaup [J. J.] 1864:161 Neut. From Fowler (MS), not located. Apparently not available. Kyphosidae: Scorpidinae.

Caesiosoma Bleeker [P.] (ex Kaup) 1876:299 Neut. Caesiosoma sieboldi Bleeker 1876. Caesiosoma appeared first in Kaup 1863:161 [ref. 2584] (needs research). Type proposed as, "Spec. typ. Caesiosoma sieboldi Kp. (nom. manuscr.) = Scorpis aequipinnis Rich.?" Description perhaps validates the species name sieboldi, and type is by monotypy (only one species definitely included). Current status: Uncertain. Kyphosidae: Scorpidinae.

Camarina Ayres [W. O.] 1860:81 Fem. Camarina nigricans Ayres 1860. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Current status: Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Cridorsa Whitley [G. P.] 1938:159 Fem. Cridorsa moonta Whitley 1938. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801 -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1322 [ref. 29000] based on placement of type species, Knudsen & Clements 2013:7 [ref. 33031]). Current status: Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801. Kyphosidae: Kyphosinae.

Cypselichthys Steindachner [F.] & Döderlein [L.] 1883:124 Masc. Cypselichthys japonicus Steindachner & Döderlein 1883. Type by monotypy. Genus described in more detail in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:14 [ref. 4247]. •Status uncertain. Current status: Uncertain. Kyphosidae: Scorpidinae.

Dorsuarius Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1803:482 Masc. Dorsuarius nigrescens Lacepède 1803. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801 -- (Desoutter 1973:420 [ref. 7203], Knudsen & Clements 2013:6 [ref. 33031]). Current status: Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801. Kyphosidae: Kyphosinae.

Doydixodon Valenciennes [A.] 1846:Pl. 5 Masc. Doydixodon freminvillii Valenciennes 1846. Type by monotypy. Originally named Doidyxodon on Pl. 5 (Atlas, 1846) to which genus and species date as above; name spelled Doydixodon in accompanying text which was not published until 1855:323 [ref. 4504]. Doydixodon used by authors (e.g., Kner & Steindachner 1867:358 [ref. 2640], Pequeño & Sáez 2008:101 [ref. 30076]). Perhaps Doydixodon can be maintained. •Synonym of Girella Gray 1835 -- (authors). •Valid as Doydixodon Valenciennes 1846 -- (Pequeño & Sáez 2008:101 [ref. 30076]). •Valid as Doydixodon Valenciennes 1846 -- (Knudsen & Clements 2013:77 [ref. 33031]). Current status: Valid as Doydixodon Valenciennes 1846. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Epelytes Evermann [B. W.] & Radcliffe [L.] 1917:71 Masc. Epelytes punctatus Evermann & Radcliffe 1917. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Objectively invalid; preoccupied [details not investigated], replaced by Pinguilabrum Hildebrand 1946. •Synonym of Graus Philippi 1887 -- (Johnson & Fritzsche 1989:2 [ref. 13513]). Current status: Synonym of Graus Philippi 1887. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Girella Gray [J. E.] 1835:Pl. 98 (v. 2) Fem. Girella punctata Gray 1835. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Girella Gray 1835 -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:165 [ref. 6441], Gomon et al. 1994:613 [ref. 22532], Yagishita & Nakabo 2000:120 [ref. 24523], Carpenter 2001:3298 [ref. 26122], Yagishita & Nakabo 2003:358 [ref. 27519], Parin 2003:S14 [ref. 28536], Hoese & Bray 2006:1319 [ref. 29000], Pequeño & Sáez 2008:101 [ref. 30076], Gomon 2008:600 [ref. 30616], Parin et al. 2014:375 [ref. 33547], Knudsen & Clements 2015:1321 [ref. 34204], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458]). Current status: Valid as Girella Gray 1835. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Girellichthys (subgenus of Girella) Klunzinger [C. B.] 1872:22 Masc. Crenidens zebra of Steindachner (? = Crenidens zebra Richardson 1846). Type by monotypy. Single included species as "Girella (Girellichthys) zebra (Rich.?) Steindachner." Neotephraeops Castelnau 1872 is an objective synonym; apparently Girellichthys appeared slightly earlier in 1872. •Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Current status: Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Girellipiscis Whitley [G. P.] 1931:320 Masc. Girella elevata Macleay 1881. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Current status: Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Girellops Regan [C. T.] 1913:369 Masc. Girella nebulosa Kendall & Radcliffe 1912. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Current status: Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Glyphodes Guichenot [A.] 1863:3 Masc. Glyphodes aprionoides Guichenot 1863. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Glyphodes in Lepidoptera [details not investigated], replaced by Guichenotia Whitley 1950. •Unidentifiable. Current status: Uncertain. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Graus Philippi [R. A.] 1887:572 [40] Fem. Graus nigra Philippi 1887. Type by monotypy. On p. 40 of separate. •Valid as Graus Philippi 1887 -- (Johnson & Fritzsche 1989 [ref. 13513], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458]). Current status: Valid as Graus Philippi 1887. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Guichenotia Whitley [G. P.] 1950:44 Fem. Glyphodes aprionoides Guichenot 1863. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Glyphodes Guichenot 1863, preoccupied in Lepidoptera [details not investigated]. Current status: Uncertain. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Helotosoma Kaup [J. J.] 1863:162 Neut. Helotosoma servus Kaup 1863. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Atypichthys Günther 1862. Current status: Synonym of Atypichthys Günther 1862. Kyphosidae: Microcanthinae.

Hermosilla Jenkins [O. P.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1889:144 Fem. Hermosilla azurea Jenkins & Evermann 1889. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801 -- (Knudsen & Clements 2013:7 [ref. 33031]). Current status: Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801. Kyphosidae: Kyphosinae.

Incisidens Gill [T. N.] 1862:244 Masc. Crenidens simplex Richardson 1848. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Current status: Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Iredalella Whitley [G. P.] 1931:320 Fem. Girella cyanea Macleay 1881. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Current status: Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Juvenella Whitley [G. P.] 1948:90 Fem. Juvenella carangoides Whitley 1948. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Described as a carangid. Appears to be a juvenile Scorpis lineolatus (Paxton, pers. comm., based on examination of holotype), and therefore a junior synonym of Scorpis Valenciennes 1832. •Synonym of Scorpis Valencienes 1832 based on placement of type species -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1326 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Scorpis Valenciennes 1832. Kyphosidae: Scorpidinae.

Kyphosus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:114 Masc. Kyphosus bigibbus Lacepède 1801. Type by monotypy. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:124 (vol. 8) [ref. 30473]. Unjustifiably emended to Cyphosus by Jordan & Gilbert 1883:792 [ref. 2476] (see Briggs 1961:162 [ref. 13439]). •Valid as Kyphosus Lacepède 1801 -- (Desoutter 1973:420 [ref. 7203], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:166 [ref. 6441], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:912 [ref. 13676], Smith 1986:603 [ref. 5712], Gomon et al. 1994:612 [ref. 22532], Sakai & Nakabo 1995 [ref. 21821], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24550], Sakai 2001:3291 [ref. 26121], Carpender 2003:1685 [ref. 27092], Parin 2003:S14 [ref. 28536], Sakai & Nakabo 2004:20 [ref. 27596], Hoese & Bray 2006:1322 [ref. 29000], Sakai & Nakabo 2006:337 [ref. 29152], Sakai & Nakabo 2008:2 [ref. 29523], Gomon 2008:599 [ref. 30616], Knudsen & Clements 2014:6 [ref. 33031], Sakai & Nakabo 2014:[1] 214 [ref. 33211], Parin et al. 2014:375 [ref. 33547], Mannino et al. 2015:45 [ref. 33840], Gilbert 2015:295 [ref. 33917], Knudsen & Clements 2015:1316 [ref. 34204], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458], Motomura et al. 2017:176 [ref. 35490], Bañón et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35616], Fricke et al. 2018:233 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:107 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Kyphosus Lacepède 1801. Kyphosidae: Kyphosinae.

Labracoglossa Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1866:513 Fem. Labracoglossa argenteiventris Peters 1866. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Labracoglossa Peters 1866 -- (Gosline 1985:353 [ref. 5283] in Scorpididae, Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:152 [ref. 6441] and Paxton et al. 1989:567 [ref. 12442] in Labracoglossidae, Hoese & Bray 2006:1324 [ref. 29000], Trnski & Knudsen 2015:1326 [ref. 34205]). Current status: Valid as Labracoglossa Peters 1866. Kyphosidae: Scorpidinae.

Leptokyphosus (subgenus of Segutilum) Whitley [G. P.] 1931:320 Masc. Kyphosus gibsoni Ogilby 1912. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801 -- (Knudsen & Clements 2013:7 [ref. 33031]), Current status: Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801. Kyphosidae: Kyphosinae.

Medialuna Jordan [D. S.] & Fesler [B.] 1893:536 Fem. Scorpis californiensis Steindachner 1876. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Medialuna Jordan & Fesler 1893 -- (Chirichigno F. 1987:89 [ref. 12856], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458] in family Kyphosidae). Current status: Valid as Medialuna Jordan & Fesler 1893. Kyphosidae: Scorpidinae.

Melambaphes Günther [A.] 1863:115 Masc. Glyphidodon nigroris of Günther (not of Cuvier) 1883. Type by monotypy. Apparently based on a misidentified type species, not Glyphidodon nigroris Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes, but is the species later named Melambaphes guentheri Gill 1863. Correct spelling for genus of type species is Glyphisodon. •Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Current status: Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Melanichthys See Melanychthys. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Melanychthys Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:75 Masc. Crenidens melanichthys Richardson 1846. Original description without species. Richardson 1846:243 [ref. 3742] described Crenidens melanichthys but did not recognize Melanychthys. In a footnore under Melanichthes, Temminck & Schlegel 1850:317 [ref. 4375] list Richardson's species, and this can constitute type by subsequent monotypy. Often spelled Melanichthys, but original was Melanychthys. •Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Current status: Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Microcanthus (subgenus of Chaetodon) Swainson [W.] 1839:170, 215 Masc. Chaetodon strigatus Cuvier 1831. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Microcanthus Swainson 1839 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:181 [ref. 6441], Gosline 1985:353 [ref. 5283], Carpenter 2001:3302 [ref. 26124], Parin 2003:S14 [ref. 28536], Hoese & Bray 2006:1324 [ref. 29000], Parin et al. 2014:376 [ref. 33547], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458]). Current status: Valid as Microcanthus Swainson 1839. Kyphosidae: Microcanthinae.

Neatypus Waite [E. R.] 1905:64 Masc. Neatypus obliquus Waite 1905. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Neatypus Waite 1905 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:619 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Bray 2006:1325 [ref. 29000], Gomon 2008:604 [ref. 30616]). Current status: Valid as Neatypus Waite 1905. Kyphosidae: Microcanthinae.

Neochaetodon Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:130 Masc. Neochaetodon vittatum [vittatus] Castelnau 1873. Type by monotypy. Correct spelling of type species is vittatus. •Synonym of Microcanthus Swainson 1839 based on placement of type species -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1324 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Microcanthus Swainson 1839. Kyphosidae: Microcanthinae.

Neoscorpis Smith [J. L. B.] 1931:150 Fem. Scorpis lithophilus Gilchrist & Thompson 1908. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Neoscorpis Smith 1931 -- (Smith 1986:604 [ref. 5712], Knudsen & Clements 2013:7 [ref. 33031], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458], Fricke et al. 2018:233 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Neoscorpis Smith 1931. Kyphosidae: Kyphosinae.

Neotephraeops Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:68 Masc. Crenidens zebra Richardson 1846. Type by monotypy. Neotephrops is a misspelling. •Objective synonym of Girellichthys Klunzinger 1872. •Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Current status: Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Neptotichthys Hutton [F. W.] 1890:278 Masc. Ditrema violacea Hutton 1873. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Scorpis Valenciennes 1832. Current status: Synonym of Scorpis Valenciennes 1832. Kyphosidae: Scorpidinae.

Opisthistius Gill [T. N.] 1862:245 Masc. Sciaena tahmel of Rüppell 1836 (= Sciaena tahmel Forsskål 1775). Type by subsequent designation. See also account of Sciaena cinerescens. Earliest type designation found is Jordan & Evermann 1898:1384 [ref. 2444]. •Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801 -- (Desoutter 1973:420 [ref. 7203] with question, Knudsen & Clements 2013:7 [ref. 33031]). Current status: Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801. Kyphosidae: Kyphosinae.

Oplegnathus Richardson [J.] 1840:27 Masc. Oplegnathus conwaii Richardson 1840. Type by monotypy. Unjustifiably emended to Hoplegnathus by Richardson 1844:144 [ref. 13097] and Hoplognathus by Günther 1865:184 [ref. 1980]. Species originally as conwaii, sometimes spelled conwayi; conwaii is acceptable. •Valid as Oplegnathus Richardson 1840 -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:190 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:632 [ref. 5660], Gomon et al. 1994:637 [ref. 22532], Parin 2003:S15 [ref. 28536], Bray & Hoese 2006:1349 [ref. 29049], Gomon 2008:619 [ref. 30616], Parin et al. 2014:376 [ref. 33547], Stewart & Trnksi 2015:1335 [ref. 34206], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458], Fricke et al. 2018:247 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Oplegnathus Richardson 1840. Kyphosidae: Kyphosinae.

Paracoradion (subgenus of Chaetodon) Ahl [E.] 1923:47, 107 Neut. Chaetodon ocellipinnis Macleay 1878. Type by monotypy. Described as a section of Chaetodon. •Synonym of Tilodon Thominot 1881 based on placement of the type species -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1326 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Tilodon Thominot 1881. Kyphosidae: Microcanthinae.

Pimelepterus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:429 Masc. Pimelepterus bosquii Lacepède 1802. Type by monotypy. Misspellings include Pimelipterus and Pimelopterus; species sometimes spelled boscii. •Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801 -- (Desoutter 1973:420 [ref. 7203], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24550], Knudsen & Clements 2013:6 [ref. 33031]). Current status: Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801. Kyphosidae: Kyphosinae.

Pinguilabrum Hildebrand [S. F.] 1946:168 Neut. Epelytes punctatus Evermann & Radcliffe 1917. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Epelytes Evermann & Radcliffe 1917, preoccupied in insects [details not researched]. •Synonym of Graus Philippi 1887 -- (Johnson & Fritzsche 1989:2 [ref. 13513]). Current status: Synonym of Graus Philippi 1887. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Platystethus Günther [A.] 1860:391 Masc. Cichla cultrata Bloch & Schneider 1801. Type by monotypy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Platystethus Mannerheim 1831 in Coleoptera, replaced by Bathystethus Gill 1893. •Objective synonym of Bathystethus Gill 1893 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:567 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Bray 2006:1319 [ref. 29000], with type as Sciaena cultrata Forster 1801). Current status: Synonym of Bathystethus Gill 1893. Kyphosidae: Scorpidinae.

Rhynchopelates (subgenus of Pelates) Fowler [H. W.] 1931:358, 363 Masc. Therapon oxyrhynchus Temminck & Schlegel 1843. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Rhynchopelates Fowler 1931 -- (Vari 1978:267 [ref. 4514] and Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:173 [ref. 6441] but as Rhyncopelates, Vari 2001:3306 [ref. 26126] but as Rhyncopelates, Kottelat 2013:370 [ref. 32989], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458] as Rhyncopelates). Current status: Valid as Rhynchopelates Fowler 1931. Kyphosidae.

Scorpis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:503 Fem. Scorpis georgianus Valenciennes 1832. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Scorpis Valenciennes 1832 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:620 [ref. 22532], Carpenter 2001:3299 [ref. 26123], Hoese & Bray 2006:1325 [ref. 29000], Gomon 2008:606 [ref. 30616], Trnski & Knudsen 2015:1327 [ref. 34205], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458] in family Kyphosidae). Current status: Valid as Scorpis Valenciennes 1832. Kyphosidae: Scorpidinae.

Sectator (subgenus of Kyphosus) Jordan [D. S.] & Fesler [B.] 1893:533, 534, 536 Masc. Pimelepterus ocyurus Jordan & Gilbert 1882. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Sectator Jordan & Fesler 1893 -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:166 [ref. 6441], Sakai 2001:3291 [ref. 26121]). •Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801 -- (Desoutter 1973:420 [ref. 7203], Knudsen & Clements 2013:7 [ref. 33031]). Current status: Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801. Kyphosidae: Kyphosinae.

Segutilum Whitley [G. P.] 1931:319 Neut. Pimelepterus sydneyanus Günther 1886. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801 --- (Sakai & Nakabo 2006:348 [ref. 29152], Knudsen & Clements 2013:7 [ref. 33031]). Current status: Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801. Kyphosidae: Kyphosinae.

Seleima Bowdich [S. L.] 1825:xii, 238 Fem. Seleima aurata Bowdich 1825. Type by monotypy. Also involves fig. 37 opposite p. 238 in conjunction with p. xii. •Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801 -- (Desoutter 1973:420 [ref. 7203], Knudsen & Clements 2013:7 [ref. 33031]). Current status: Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801. Kyphosidae: Kyphosinae.

Tahhmel Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:45 Not available, no type species or diagnosis. •In the synonymy of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801. Current status: Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801. Kyphosidae: Kyphosinae.

Tephraeops Günther [A.] 1859:413, 431 Masc. Crenidens tephraeops Richardson 1846. Type by absolute tautonymy. Species tephraeops needlessly renamed T. richardsoni by Günther; second species also included. •Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Current status: Synonym of Girella Gray 1835. Kyphosidae: Girellinae.

Therapaina Kaup [J. J.] 1860:140 Fem. Chaetodon strigatus Cuvier 1831. Type by monotypy. •Objective synonym of Microcanthus Swainson 1839. Current status: Synonym of Microcanthus Swainson 1839. Kyphosidae: Microcanthinae.

Tilodon Thominot [A.] (ex Guichenot) 1881:140 Masc. Tilodon australis Thominot 1881. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Tilodon Thominot 1881 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:624 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Bray 2006:1326 [ref. 29000], Gomon 2008:604 [ref. 30616]). Current status: Valid as Tilodon Thominot 1881. Kyphosidae: Microcanthinae.

Vinculum McCulloch [A. R.] 1914:110 Neut. Chaetodon sexfasciatus Richardson 1842. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Tilodon Thominot 1881 based on placement of type species -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1326 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Tilodon Thominot 1881. Kyphosidae: Microcanthinae.

Xyster Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1803:484 Masc. Xyster fuscus Lacepède 1803. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801 -- (Desoutter 1973:420 [ref. 7203], Knudsen & Clements 2013:7 [ref. 33031]). Current status: Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801. Kyphosidae: Kyphosinae.

Xysterus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1815:88 Masc. Not available, name only. Regarded as an incorrect subsequent spelling for Xyster Lacepède 1803 based on Rafinesque style in this work. •In the synonymy of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801 -- (Desoutter 1973:420 [ref. 7203], Knudsen & Clements 2013:7 [ref. 33031]). Current status: Synonym of Kyphosus Lacepède 1801. Kyphosidae: Kyphosinae.