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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Genera in the family or subfamily Poeciliidae: [ 79 ] records


Acanthophacelus Eigenmann [C. H.] 1907:426 Masc. Poecilia reticulata Peters 1859. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:44 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:567 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801, but a valid subgenus Acanthophacelus -- (Poeser & Isbrücker 2002:49 [ref. 34635], Poeser et al. 2005:97 [ref. 28493], Schories et al. 2009:38 [ref. 30534], Meredith et al. 2011:153 [ref. 31575], Meyer 2015:202 [ref. 34698], Ho et al. 2016:38 [ref. 34400], Huber 2019:46 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Acropoecilia (subgenus of Poecilia) Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1889:52 Fem. Poecilia tridens Hilgendorf 1889. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:44 [ref. 7067], Huber 2019:47 [ref. 36941]). •Synonym of Limia Poey 1854, but a valid subgenus Acropoecilia as described -- (Rodriguez 1997:671 [ref. 23266]). •Synonym of Limia Poey 1854 -- (Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:562 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:45 [ref. 29205]). Current status: Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Alazon Gistel [J.] 1848:X Masc. Poecilia vivipara Bloch & Schneider 1801. Type by being a replacement name. Unneeded replacement for Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801, not preoccupied by Poecilus in Coleoptera. •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:44 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:566 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:45 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:7 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Alfaro Meek [S. E.] 1912:72 Masc. Alfaro acutiventralis Meek 1912. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Alfaro Meek 1912 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:42 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:6 [ref. 13538], Rodriguez 1997:669 [ref. 23266], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:555 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:37 [ref. 29205], Meyer 2015:12 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:47 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Alfaro Meek 1912. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Allodontium Howell Rivero [L.] & Rivas [L. R.] 1944:9, 17 Neut. Heterandria cubensis Eigenmann 1903. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Girardinus Poey 1854 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:109 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:561 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:42 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:48 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Girardinus Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Allogambusia Hubbs [C. L.] 1924:8 Fem. Gambusia tridentiger Garman 1895. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Neoheterandria Henn 1916 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:126 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:564 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:48 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Neoheterandria Henn 1916. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Alloheterandria Hubbs [C. L.] 1924:9 Fem. Gambusia nigroventralis Eigenmann & Henn 1912. Type by original designation. •Valid as Alloheterandria Hubbs 1924 -- (Meyer & Etzel 1996:3 [ref. 22946]). •Synonym of Priapichthys Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:120 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:571 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:39 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:49 [ref. 36941]). •Synonym of Pseudopoecilia Regan 1913 but a valid subgenus as described -- (Meyer 2015:323 [ref. 34698]). Current status: Synonym of Priapichthys Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Allophallus Hubbs [C. L.] 1936:232 Masc. Allophallus kidderi Hubbs 1936. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Allophallus Dziedzicki 1923 in Diptera, replaced by Carlhubbsia Whitley 1951. •Synonym of Carlhubbsia Whitley 1951 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1959:3 [ref. 12020], Rosen & Bailey 1963:114 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:557 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:44 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:49 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Carlhubbsia Whitley 1951. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Allopoecilia Hubbs [C. L.] 1924:11 Fem. Girardinus caucanus Steindachner 1880. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:45 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:567 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:45 [ref. 29205]). •Synonym of Poecilia but a valid subgenus -- (Poeser 2011:418 [ref. 31550], Ho et al. 2016:38 [ref. 34400], Palacios et al. 2016:232 [ref. 34629], Huber 2019:49 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Arizonichthys Nichols [J. T.] 1940:1 Masc. Arizonichthys psammophilus Nichols 1940. Type by monotypy. •Genus inquirendum in Poeciliidae, Poeciliinae -- (Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:575 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Poeciliopsis Regan 1913, subgenus Leptorhaphis Regan 1913 -- (Huber 2019:49 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Poeciliopsis Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Arthrophallus (subgenus of Gambusia) Hubbs [C. L.] 1926:25, 38 Masc. Heterandria patruelis Baird & Girard 1853. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:90 [ref. 7067]). •Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854, but a valid subgenus Arthrophallus as described -- (Rivas 1963:333 [ref. 3761], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:9 [ref. 13538], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:40 [ref. 29205], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Huber 2019:49 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Aulophallus Hubbs [C. L.] 1926:64, 69 Masc. Poecilia elongata Günther 1866. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Poeciliopsis Regan 1913, but a valid subgenus Aulophallus -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:131, 139 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:9 [ref. 13538], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:569 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:43 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:49 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Poeciliopsis Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Belonesox Kner [R.] 1860:419, 422 Masc. Belonesox belizanus Kner 1860. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Belonesox Kner 1860 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:107 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:9 [ref. 13538], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1155 [ref. 27019], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:556 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:16 [ref. 30398], Meyer 2015:17 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:49 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Belonesox Kner 1860. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Brachyrhaphis Regan [C. T.] 1913:997 Fem. Gambusia rhabdophora Regan 1908. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Brachyrhaphis Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:81 [ref. 7067], Bussing 1988 [ref. 16224], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:8 [ref. 13538], Mojíca et al. 1997:298 [ref. 22823], Meyer & Etzel 1998:156 [ref. 23986], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228] as Brachyraphis, Meyer & Etzel 2001:33 [ref. 25344], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1156 [ref. 27019], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:556 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:38 [ref. 29205], Meyer 2015:20 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:50 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Brachyrhaphis Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Carlhubbsia Whitley [G. P.] 1951:67 Fem. Allophallus kidderi Hubbs 1936. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Allophallus Hubbs 1936, preoccupied by Allophallus Dziedzicki 1923 in Diptera. •Valid as Carlhubbsia Whitley 1951 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1959:3 [ref. 12020], Rosen & Bailey 1963:114 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:9 [ref. 13538], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:557 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:44 [ref. 29205], Morales-Cazan & Albert 2012:23 [ref. 31911], Meyer 2015:37 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:53 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Carlhubbsia Whitley 1951. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Cnesterodon Garman [S.] 1895:43 Masc. Poecilia decemmaculata Jenyns 1842. Type by original designation. •Valid as Cnesterodon Garman 1895 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:74 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:8 [ref. 13538], Malabarba 1989:160 [ref. 14217], Rosa & Costa 1993 [ref. 20993], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678], Lucinda & Garavello 2000:120 [ref. 25093], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Lucinda & Garavello 2001:119 [ref. 25093], Meyer & Etzel 2001:248 [ref. 25973], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:557[ref. 27061], Lucinda 2005:261 [ref. 28272], Lucinda et al. 2006:22 [ref. 28858], Lucinda & Reis 2005:47 [ref. 29205], Aguilera et al. 2009:35 [ref. 30366], Meyer 2015:41 [ref. 34698], Bertaco et al. 2016:423 [ref. 34561], Huber 2019:54 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Cnesterodon Garman 1895. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Curtipenis Rivas [L. R.] & Myers [G. S.] 1950:289 Masc. Mollienesia elegans Trewavas 1948. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:45 [ref. 7067], Rodriguez 1997:672 [ref. 23266], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:567 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:45 [ref. 29205]). •Synonym of Poecilia but a valid subgenus as described -- (Ho et al. 2016:33 [ref. 34400], Palacios et al. 2016:232 [ref. 34629], Huber 2019:56 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Dactylophallus Howell Rivero [L.] & Rivas [L. R.] 1944:8, 15 Masc. Girardinus denticulatus Garman 1895. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Girardinus Poey 1854 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:109 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:561 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:42 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:56 [ref. 36941]). •Valid as Dactylophallus Howell Rivero & Rivas 1944 -- (Doadrio et al. 2009:26 [ref. 30002]). Current status: Synonym of Girardinus Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Darienichthys Hubbs [C. L.] 1924:8 Masc. Gambusia darienensis Meek & Hildebrand 1913. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Priapichthys Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:120 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:571 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:39 [ref. 29205]). Synonym of Diphyacantha Henn 1916 -- (Huber 2019:56 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Priapichthys Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Dextripenis Turner [C. L.] 1940:89 •A nomen nudum, with the species evides; placement uncertain. Poeciliidae.

Dicerophallus Álvarez [J.] 1952:95 Masc. Dicerophallus echeagarayi Álvarez 1952. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:90 [ref. 7067], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:57 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Diphyacantha Henn [A. W.] 1916:113 Fem. Diphyacantha chocoensis Henn 1916. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Diphyacantha Henn 1916 -- (Meyer & Etzel 1996:3 [ref. 22946], Huber 2019:57 [ref. 36941]). •Synonym of Priapichthys Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:120 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:571 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:39 [ref. 29205]). •Synonym of Pseudopoecilia Regan 1913 but a valid subgenus as described -- (Meyer 2015:326 [ref. 34698]). Current status: Synonym of Priapichthys Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Flexipenis Hubbs [C. L.] in Rivas 1963:334 Masc. Gambusia vittata Hubbs 1926. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Appeared first in Turner 1940 without distinguishing features. •Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:90 [ref. 7067], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:58 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Furcipenis Hubbs [C. L.] 1931:1 Masc. Priapichthys huberi Fowler 1923. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Alfaro Meek 1912 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:42 [ref. 7067], Rodriguez 1997:669 [ref. 23266], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:555 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:37 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:58 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Alfaro Meek 1912. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Gambusia Poey [F.] 1854:382, 390 Fem. Gambusia punctata Poey 1854. Type by subsequent designation. Type apparently designated first by Bleeker 1864:140 [ref. 4859], also by Jordan & Copeland 1877:142 [ref. 5961]. On Official List (Opinion 375). •Valid as Gambusia Poey 1854 -- (Rivas 1963 [ref. 3761], Rosen & Bailey 1963:90 [ref. 7067], Greenfield 1983 [ref. 8337], Paxton et al. 1989:346 [ref. 12442], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:8 [ref. 13538], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Pan et al. in Pan et al. 1991:326 [ref. 23876], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:618 [ref. 21581], Savvaitova & Reshetnikov 1998:107 [ref. 23592], Parenti 1999:2200 [ref. 24784], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1156 [ref. 27019], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:178 [ref. 28183], Hoese & Gates 2006:742 [ref. 28997], Lucinda & Reis 2005:40 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:16 [ref. 30398], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:482 [ref. 29996], Pérez León & Schmitter Soto 2007:167 [ref. 32537], Minckley & Marsh 2009:253 [ref. 31114], Coad 2010:251 [ref. 36620], Marshall 2011:198 [ref. 31755], Kottelat 2013:300 [ref. 32989], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:894 [ref. 34062], McDowall & Stewart 2015:971 [ref. 34275], Zhang et al. 2016:212 [ref. 34477], Meyer 2015:52 [ref. 34698], Esmaeili et al. 2017:92 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:74 [ref. 36089], Fricke et al. 2018:108 [ref. 35805], Huber 2019:58 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Girardinus Poey [F.] 1854:383, 390 Masc. Girardinus metallicus Poey 1854. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Girardinus Poey 1854 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:109 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:9 [ref. 13538], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:561 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:42 [ref. 29205], Doadrio et al. 2009:16 [ref. 30002], Morales-Cazan & Albert 2012:23 [ref. 31911], Meyer 2015:111 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:73 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Girardinus Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Glaridichthys Garman [S.] 1896:232 Masc. Girardinus uninotatus Poey 1860. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Glaridodon Garman 1895, preoccupied by Glaridodon Seeley 1888 in Reptilia. •Synonym of Girardinus Poey 1854 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:109 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:561 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:42 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:76 [ref. 36941]). •Valid as Glaridichthys Garman 1896 -- (Doadrio et al. 2009:26 [ref. 30002]). Current status: Synonym of Girardinus Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Glaridodon Garman [S.] 1895:40 Masc. Girardinus uninotatus Poey 1860. Type by original designation. Type not latidens as sometimes given; type clearly designated. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Glaridodon Seeley 1888 in Reptilia, replaced by Glaridichthys Garman 1896. •Synonym of Girardinus Poey 1854 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:109 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:561 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:42 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:77 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Girardinus Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Gulapinnus Langer [W. F.] 1913:207 Masc. Poecilia decemmaculata Jenyns 1842. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Cnesterodon Garman 1895 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:74 [ref. 7067], Rosa & Costa 1993:697 [ref. 20993], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:557 [ref. 27061], Lucinda 2005:261 [ref. 28272], Lucinda & Reis 2005:47 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:77 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Cnesterodon Garman 1895. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Hemixiphophorus Bleeker [P.] 1860:440 Masc. Xiphophorus gracilis Heckel 1848. Type by subsequent monotypy. Appeared first in key, without included species. One species added by Bleeker 1860:485. See discussion in Rosen & Bailey 1963:131 [ref. 7067]. Would be a senior objective synonym of Poeciliopsis Regan 1913 -- (see Rosen & Bailey 1963:131 [ref. 7067]). Poeciliopsis is on the Official List (Opinion 375). •In the synonymy of Poeciliopsis Regan 1913 -- (Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:569 [ref. 27061], Huber 2019:77 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Poeciliopsis Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Heterandria Agassiz [L.] 1853:135 Fem. Heterandria formosa Girard 1859. Appeared in 1853 without mention of species. Type designated under plenary powers by ICZN; on Official List (Opinion 375). •Valid as Heterandria Agassiz 1853 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:128 [ref. 7067], Rosen 1979:278 [ref. 22796], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:9 [ref. 13538], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1156 [ref. 27019], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:562 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:40 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:19 [ref. 30398], McEachran & DeWitt 2008:49 [ref. 29720], Morales-Cazan & Albert 2012:20 [ref. 31911], Meyer 2015:125 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:77 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Heterandria Agassiz 1853. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Heterophallina (subgenus of Gambusia) Hubbs [C. L.] 1926:21, 26 Fem. Gambusia regani Hubbs 1926. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:90 [ref. 7067]). •Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854, but a valid subgenus Heterophallina as described -- (Rivas 1963:333 [ref. 3761], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:9 [ref. 13538], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Heterophallus Regan [C. T.] 1914:65 Masc. Heterophallus rachovii Regan 1914. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:90 [ref. 7067], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:40 [ref. 29205]). •Valid as Heterophallus Regan 1914 -- (Riesch et al. 2011:95 [ref. 31292], Meyer 2015:128 [ref. 34698], Álvarez-Pliego et al. 2016:178 [ref. 34825]). Current status: Valid as Heterophallus Regan 1914. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Hiatirhaphis Huber [J. H.] 2019:40 Fem. Gambusia parismina Meek 1912. Type by original designation. •Valid as Hiatirhaphis Huber 2019. Current status: Valid as Hiatirhaphis Huber 2019. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Hubbsichthys Schultz [L. P.] 1949:95 Masc. Hubbsichthys laurae Schultz 1949. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Parenti 1981:546 [ref. 7066], Huber 2019:80 [ref. 36941]). •Genus inquirendum in Poeciliidae, Poeciliinae -- (Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:575 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Lebistes De Filippi [F.] 1861:69 Masc. Lebistes poecilioides De Filippi 1861. Type by monotypy. Probably based on introduced Poecilia vivipara Bloch & Schneider 1801. •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801, but a valid subgenus Lebistes -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:44, 55 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:8 [ref. 13538], Costa & Sarraf 1997:186 [ref. 23280], Meredith et al. 2011:[9] [ref. 31575]). •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Rodriguez 1997:672 [ref. 23266], Poeser & Isbrücker 2002:49 [ref. 34635], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:567 [ref. 27061], Huber 2019:80 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Lembesseia Fowler [H. W.] 1949:267 Fem. Lembesseia parvianalis Fowler 1949. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:45 [ref. 7067], Rodriguez 1997:672 [ref. 23266], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:567 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:45 [ref. 29205] with question, Huber 2019:81 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Leptorhaphis Regan [C. T.] 1913:998 Fem. Gambusia infans Woolman 1894. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Poeciliopsis Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:131 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:569 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:43 [ref. 29205]). •Synonym of Poeciliopsis Regan 1913, but a valid subgenus as described -- (Huber 2019:81 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Poeciliopsis Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Limia Poey [F.] 1854:382, 390 Fem. Limia cubensis Poey 1854. Type by subsequent designation. Type apparently first designated by Henn 1916:137 [ref. 2093]. •Valid as Limia Poey 1854 and a valid subgenus Limia -- (Poeser 2003:135 [ref. 26783]). •Valid as Limia Poey 1854 -- (Rivas 1978:100 [ref. 8887], Rivas 1980 [ref. 3763], Rodriguez 1997:670 [ref. 23266], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Poeser 2003:135 [ref. 26783], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1156 [ref. 27019], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:562 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:45 [ref. 29205], Meyer 2015:134 [ref. 34698], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:6 [ref. 35177]). •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801, but a valid subgenus Limia -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:44, 58 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:8 [ref. 13538], Meredith et al. 2011:153 [ref. 31575], Palacios et al. 2016:236 [ref. 34629], Huber 2019:81 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Micropoecilia Hubbs [C. L.] 1926:73 Fem. Poecilia vivipara parae Eigenmann 1894. Type by original designation. For purposes of the type species, the subspecies parae is elevated to species level; type not vivipara. Recepoecilia Whitley 1951 is an unneeded replacement. •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:45 [ref. 7067], Rodriguez 1997:672 [ref. 23266]). •Valid as Micropoecilia Hubbs 1926 -- (Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:564 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:46 [ref. 29205]). •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801, but a valid subgenus Micropoecilia -- (Bragança & Costa 2011:369 [ref. 31195], Meredith et al. 2011:153 [ref. 31575], Bragança et al. 2012:337 [ref. 31747], Meyer 2015:257 [ref. 34698], Ho et al. 2016:38 [ref. 34400], Huber 2019:81 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Mollienesia Lesueur [C. A.] 1821:3 Fem. Mollienesia latipinna Lesueur 1821. Type by monotypy. Originally as Mollinesia in text and Molienisia on Pl. 3; named after "Monsieur Mollien" so emended to Mollienesia. Variously misspelled Mollienisia and Molinesia (see Bailey & Miller 1950:318 [ref. 162]). Genus name misspelled Molenesia by Cuvier 1831:206 [ref. 30378]. •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:44 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:566 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:45 [ref. 29205]). •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801, but a valid subgenus Mollienesia -- (Miller 1983 [ref. 6815], Rodriguez 1997:672 [ref. 23266], Meyer & Radda 2000:75 [ref. 25029], Meyer et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26721], Poeser 2011:418 [ref. 31550], Meredith et al. 2011:153 [ref. 31575], Ho et al. 2016:38 [ref. 34400], Palacios et al. 2016:232 [ref. 34629], Meyer 2015:210 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:81 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Neoheterandria Henn [A. W.] 1916:117 Fem. Neoheterandria elegans Henn 1916. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Neoheterandria Henn 1916 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:126 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:9 [ref. 13538], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:564 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Morales-Cazan & Albert 2012:20 [ref. 31911], Meyer 2015:156 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:82 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Neoheterandria Henn 1916. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Neopoecilia Hubbs [C. L.] 1924:11 Fem. Neopoecilia holacanthus Hubbs 1924. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:45 [ref. 7067], Rodriguez 1997:672 [ref. 23266], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:567 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:45 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:82 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Odontolimia (subgenus of Limia) Rivas [L. R.] 1980:29 Fem. Limia grossidens Rivas 1980. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801, but a valid subgenus Odontolimia as described -- (Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:8 [ref. 13538], Huber 2019:83 [ref. 36941]). •Synonym of Limia Poey 1854, but a valid subgenus Odontolimia as described -- (Rodriguez 1997:671 [ref. 23266], Poeser 2003:136 [ref. 26783]). •Synonym of Limia Poey 1854 -- (Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:562 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:45 [ref. 29205]). Current status: Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Orthophallus (subgenus of Gambusia) Rivas [L. R.] 1963:337 Masc. Gambusia lemaitrei Fowler 1950. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:90 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:83 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Pamphoria Regan [C. T.] 1913:1003 Fem. Cnesterodon scalpridens Garman 1895. Type by monotypy. •Questionably a synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:44 [ref. 7067]). •Synonym of Pamphorichthys Regan 1913 -- (Rodriguez 1997:671 [ref. 23266], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:565 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:46 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:83 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Pamphorichthys Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Pamphorichthys Regan [C. T.] 1913:1003 Masc. Heterandria minor Garman 1895. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801, but a valid subgenus Pamphorichthys -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:44, 57 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:8 [ref. 13538], Costa 1991 [ref. 19717], Meredith et al. 2011:153 [ref. 31575], Palacios et al. 2016:232 [ref. 34629], Figueiredo & Moreira 2018:438 [ref. 36088], Huber 2019:83 [ref. 36941]). •Valid as Pamphorichthys Regan 1913 -- (Rodriguez 1997:671 [ref. 23266], Britski et al. 1999:137 [ref. 24147], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Poeser 2003:136 [ref. 26783], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:565 [ref. 27061], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:565 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:46 [ref. 29205], Figueiredo 2008:59 [ref. 29880], Meyer 2015:160 [ref. 34698]). Current status: Valid as Pamphorichthys Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Panamichthys Hubbs [C. L.] 1924:8 Masc. Priapichthys panamensis Meek & Hildebrand 1916. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Priapichthys Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:120 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:571 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:39 [ref. 29205]). •Valid as Panamichthys Hubbs 1924 -- (Huber 2019:84 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Priapichthys Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Paragambusia Meek [S. E.] 1904:133 Fem. Gambusia nicaraguensis Günther 1866. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Description probably based on Gambusia sexradiata Hubbs 1936, see Huber 2019:84 [ref. 36941]. •Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854 -- (Rivas 1963:333 [ref. 3761], Rosen & Bailey 1963:90 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:40 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:84 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Parapoecilia Hubbs [C. L.] 1924:11 Fem. Limia hollandi Henn 1916. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:45 [ref. 7067], Huber 2019:84 [ref. 36941]). •Synonym of Pamphorichthys Regan 1913 -- (Rodriguez 1997:671 [ref. 23266], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:565 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:46 [ref. 29205]). Current status: Synonym of Pamphorichthys Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Petalosoma Regan [C. T.] 1908:458 Neut. Petalosoma cultratum Regan 1908. Type by monotypy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Petalosoma Lewis 1903 in Coleoptera, replaced by Petalurichthys Regan 1912. •In the synonymy of Alfaro Meek 1912 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:42 [ref. 7067], Rodriguez 1997:669 [ref. 23266], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:555 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:37 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:84 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Alfaro Meek 1912. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Petalurichthys Regan [C. T.] 1912:494 footnote Masc. Petalosoma cultratum Regan 1908. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Petalosoma Regan 1908, preoccupied by Petalosoma Lewis 1903 in Coleoptera. •Objective synonym of Afaro Meek (Sept. 12) 1912; Petalurichthys published Nov. 1912. •Synonym of Alfaro Meek 1912 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:42 [ref. 7067], Rodriguez 1997:669 [ref. 23266], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:555 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:37 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:85 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Alfaro Meek 1912. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Phallichthys Hubbs [C. L.] 1924:10 Masc. Poeciliopsis isthmensis Regan 1913. Type by original designation. •Valid as Phallichthys Hubbs 1924 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1959:16 [ref. 12020], Rosen & Bailey 1963:139 [ref. 7067], Bussing 1979 [ref. 6946], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:10 [ref. 13538], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:565 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:42 [ref. 29205], Meyer 2015:168 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:85 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Phallichthys Hubbs 1924. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Phalloceros Eigenmann [C. H.] 1907:427, 431 Masc. Girardinus caudimaculatus Hensel 1868. Type by original designation (also monotypic). The type species was misspelled caudomaculatus by Eigenmann; the correct spelling is caudimaculatus. •Valid as Phalloceros Eigenmann 1907 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:69 [ref. 7067], Paxton et al. 1989:347 [ref. 12442], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:8 [ref. 13538], Malabarba 1989:161 [ref. 14217], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:565 [ref. 27061], Hoese & Gates 2006:742 [ref. 28997], Lucinda & Reis 2005:47 [ref. 29205], Lucinda 2008:115 [ref. 29669], McDowall & Stewart 2015:972 [ref. 34275], Meyer 2015:177 [ref. 34698], Bertaco et al. 2016:423 [ref. 34561], Huber 2019:86 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Phalloceros Eigenmann 1907. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Phalloptychus Eigenmann [C. H.] 1907:426, 430 Masc. Girardinus januarius Hensel 1868. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Misspelled Phalloptycus by Eigenmann 1910:458 [ref. 1224]. •Valid as Phalloptychus Eigenmann 1907 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:73 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:8 [ref. 13538], Malabarba 1989:161 [ref. 14217], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:566 [ref. 27061], Lucinda 2005:373 [ref. 28403], Lucinda & Reis 2005:43 [ref. 29205], Koerber & Litz 2009:1 [ref. 31159], Meyer 2015:192 [ref. 34698], Bertaco et al. 2016:423 [ref. 34561], Huber 2019:91 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Phalloptychus Eigenmann 1907. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Phallotorynus Henn [A. W.] 1916:126 Masc. Phallotorynus fasciolatus Henn 1916. Type by monotypy. Spelled Phallatorhynchus by Jordan 1920:559 [ref. 4905]. •Valid as Phallotorynus Henn 1916 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:66 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:8 [ref. 13538], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:566 [ref. 27061], Lucinda et al. 2005:612 [ref. 28318], Lucinda & Reis 2005:47 [ref. 29205], Meyer & Etzel 2006:81 [ref. 30730], Meyer 2015:196 [ref. 34698], Lucinda & da Graça 2015:87 [ref. 35435], Chuctaya et al. 2018:159 [ref. 35756], Huber 2019:92 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Phallotorynus Henn 1916. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Platypoecilus Günther [A.] 1866:350 Masc. Platypoecilus maculatus Günther 1866. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Xiphophorus Heckel 1848 -- (Rosen 1960:64 [ref. 11945], Rosen & Bailey 1963:62 [ref. 7067], Rodriguez 1997:674 [ref. 23266], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:573 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:44 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:93 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Xiphophorus Heckel 1848. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Plectrophallus (subgenus of Panamichthys) Fowler [H. W.] 1932:384 Masc. Panamichthys tristani Fowler 1932. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Brachyrhaphis Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:81 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:556 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:38 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:94 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Brachyrhaphis Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Poecilia Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:452 Fem. Poecilia vivipara Bloch & Schneider 1801. Type by subsequent designation [not by monotypy]. Type designated by Bleeker 1864:140 [ref. 4859]. Spelled Paecilia by McClelland 1839:300 [ref. 2923]. •Valid as Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:43, 47 [ref. 7067], Rivas 1978:100 [ref. 8887], Parenti 1981:505 [ref. 7066], Paxton et al. 1989:347 [ref. 12442], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:7 [ref. 13538], Malabarba 1989:162 [ref. 14217], Greenfield 1990 [ref. 16548], Poeser 1995:239 [ref. 22070], Rodriguez 1997:672 [ref. 23266], Savvaitova & Reshetnikov 1998:108 [ref. 23592], Poeser 1998:145 [ref. 23812], Parenti 1999:2200 [ref. 24784], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1156 [ref. 27019], Poeser 2003:356 [ref. 27075], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:566 [ref. 27061], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:179 [ref. 28183], Poeser et al. 2005:97 [ref. 28493], Hoese & Gates 2006:743 [ref. 28997], Lucinda & Reis 2005:45 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:19 [ref. 30398], Schories et al. 2009:44 [ref. 30534], Matsunuma & Motomura 2009:21 [ref. 30966], Coad 2010:255 [ref. 36620], Lucinda et al. 2011:63 [ref. 31137], Poeser 2011:418 [ref. 31550], Meredith et al. 2011:148 [ref. 31575], Marshall 2011:199 [ref. 31755], Bragança et al. 2012:337 [ref. 31747], Preser 2013:36 [ref. 32662], Palacios et al. 2013:1 [ref. 32935], Kottelat 2013:300 [ref. 32989], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:894 [ref. 34062], McDowall & Stewart 2015:973 [ref. 34275], Ho et al. 2016:32 [ref. 34400], Palacios et al. 2016:232 [ref. 34629], Meyer 2015:277 [ref. 34698], Bertaco et al. 2016:423 [ref. 34561], Esmaeili et al. 2017:92 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:74 [ref. 36089], Fricke et al. 2018:109 [ref. 35805], Huber 2019:94 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Poeciliodes Steindachner [F.] 1863:176 [15] Masc. Poeciliodes bimaculatus Steindachner 1863. Type by monotypy. On p. 15 of separate. Misspelled Poecilodes by Jordan 1919:329 [ref. 4904]. P. bimaculatus Steindachner is an original description, not X. bimaculatus Heckel [of which it is a subjective synonym]. •Synonym of Heterandria Agassiz 1853 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:128 [ref. 7067] as Poeciloides, Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:562 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:40 [ref. 29205]). •Synonym of Pseudoxiphophorus Bleeker 1860 -- (Huber 2019:125 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudoxiphophorus Bleeker 1860. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Poeciliopsis Regan [C. T.] 1913:996 Fem. Poecilia presidionis Jordan & Culver 1895. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Henn 1916:119 [ref. 2093]. Misspelled Poecilopsis by Jordan 1920:550 [ref. 4905]. On Official List [Opinion 375; v. 11 (1955): 381-390]. •Valid as Poeciliopsis Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:131 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:9 [ref. 13538], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Mateos et al. 2002:972 [ref. 26054], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:569 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:43 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:20 [ref. 30398], Bussing 2008:829 [ref. 29806], Minckley & Marsh 2009:246, 257 [ref. 31114], Morales-Cazan & Albert 2012:20 [ref. 31911], Meyer 2015:279 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:125 [ref. 36941], Conway et al. 2019:91 [ref. 37045]). Current status: Valid as Poeciliopsis Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Poecilistes Hubbs [C. L.] 1926:63, 68 Masc. Heterandria lutzi Meek 1902. Type by original designation. Treated as a monotypic genus, but Hubbs designated a junior synonym as type. •Synonym of Poeciliopsis Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:131 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:569 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:43 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:132 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Poeciliopsis Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Priapella Regan [C. T.] 1913:992 Fem. Gambusia bonita Meek 1904. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Priapella Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:60 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:8 [ref. 13538], Rodriguez 1997:673 [ref. 23266], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:571 [ref. 27061], Schartl et al. 2006:59 [ref. 28754], Lucinda & Reis 2005:39 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:22 [ref. 30398], Meyer et al. 2011:91 [ref. 31377], Morales-Cazan & Albert 2012:24 [ref. 31911], Meyer 2015:308 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:132 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Priapella Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Priapichthys Regan [C. T.] 1913:991 Masc. Gambusia annectens Regan 1907. Type by monotypy, 5 additional species "assumed" to be congeneric, so only one was referred to the genus with certainty; type also designated by Henn 1916:115 [ref. 2093]. •Valid as Priapichthys Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:120 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:9 [ref. 13538], Meyer & Etzel 1996:2 [ref. 22946], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:571 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:39 [ref. 29205], Morales-Cazan & Albert 2012:20 [ref. 31911], Meyer 2015:317 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:133 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Priapichthys Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Pseudolimia Poeser [F. N.] 2002:54 Fem. Limia heterandria Regan 1913. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Pseudolimia Poeser 2002 -- (Poeser 2003:135 [ref. 26783], Meyer 2015:321 [ref. 34698]). •Synonym of Limia Poey 1854 based on placement of types species -- (Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:563 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Limia Poey 1854 -- (Lucinda & Reis 2005:45 [ref. 29205]). •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801, but a valid subgenus Pseudolimia-- (Meredith et al. 2011:153 [ref. 31575], Palacios et al. 2016:232 [ref. 34629], Huber 2019:135 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Pseudopoecilia Regan [C. T.] 1913:995 Fem. Poecilia festae Boulenger 1898. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Priapichthys Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:120 [ref. 7067]). •Valid as Pseudopoecilia Regan 1913 -- (Meyer & Etzel 1996:3 [ref. 22946], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:572 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Meyer 2015:323 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:135 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Pseudopoecilia Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Pseudoxiphophorus Bleeker [P.] 1860:440 Masc. Xiphophorus bimaculatus Heckel 1848. Appeared in key, without included species; also in other Bleeker papers in 1859-1860; earliest not established. Type by subsequent monotypy (possibly dating to Bleeker 1864:140 [ref. 4859]). •Synonym of Heterandria Agassiz 1853, but a valid subgenus Pseudoxiphophorus -- (Miller 1974 [ref. 7119], Rosen 1979:315 [ref. 22796], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:9 [ref. 13538]). •Synonym of Heterandria Agassiz 1853 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:128 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:562 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:40 [ref. 29205]). •Valid as Pseudoxiphophorus Bleeker 1860 -- (Radda 1985:126 [ref. 31261], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Morales-Cazan & Albert 2012:20 [ref. 31911], Meyer 2015:333 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:136 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Pseudoxiphophorus Bleeker 1860. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Psychropoecilia (subgenus of Mollienesia) Myers [G. S.] 1935:311 Fem. Platypoecilus dominicensis Evermann & Clark 1906. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:45 [ref. 7067], Rodriguez 1997:672 [ref. 23266], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:567 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:45 [ref. 29205]). •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801 but a valid subgenus -- (Ho et al. 2016:38 [ref. 34400], Palacios et al. 2016:232 [ref. 34629], Huber 2019:139 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Quintana Hubbs [C. L.] 1934:2 Fem. Quintana atrizona Hubbs 1934. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Quintana Hubbs 1934 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:112 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:9 [ref. 13538], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:572 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:44 [ref. 29205], Meyer 2015:349 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:139 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Quintana Hubbs 1934. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Recepoecilia Whitley [G. P.] 1951:68 Fem. Poecilia vivipara parae Eigenmann 1894. Type by being a replacement name. For purposes of the type species, the subspecies parae is elevated to species level; type not vivipara. Unneeded replacement for Micropoecilia Hubbs 1926, not preoccupied by Micropoecila Kraatz 1880 in Coleoptera. •Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:45 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:567 [ref. 27061], Huber 2019:138 [ref. 36941]). •Synonym of Micropoecilia Hubbs 1926, but incorrectly placed by Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:567 [ref. 27061]. •Synonym of Micropoecilia Hubbs 1926 -- (Lucinda & Reis 2005:46 [ref. 29205]). Current status: Synonym of Poecilia Bloch & Schneider 1801. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Schizophallus (subgenus of Gambusia) Hubbs [C. L.] 1926:25, 40 Masc. Gambusia holbrooki Girard 1859. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854 -- (Rivas 1963:333 [ref. 3761], Rosen & Bailey 1963:90 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:140 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Scolichthys Rosen [D. E.] 1967:2 Masc. Scolichthys greenwayi Rosen 1967. Type by original designation. •Valid as Scolichthys Rosen 1967 -- (Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:8 [ref. 13538], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:572 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Morales-Cazan & Albert 2012:23 [ref. 31911], Meyer 2015:352 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:140 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Scolichthys Rosen 1967. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Toluichthys (subgenus of Gambusia) Dahl [G.] in Dahl & Medem 1964:80 Masc. Gambusia (Toluichthys) meadi Dahl 1964. Type by monotypy. •Genus inquirendum in Poeciliidae, Poeciliinae -- (Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:575 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854 -- (Huber 2019:140 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Tomeurus Eigenmann [C. H.] 1909:53 Masc. Tomeurus gracilis Eigenmann 1909. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Tomeurus Eigenmann 1909 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:36 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:6 [ref. 13538], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Lazara 2001:307 [ref. 25711], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:572 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:37 [ref. 29205], Huber 2005:16 [ref. 28394], Meyer 2015:357 [ref. 34698]). Current status: Valid as Tomeurus Eigenmann 1909. Poeciliidae: Tomeurinae.

Toxus Eigenmann [C. H.] 1903:226 Masc. Toxus riddlei Eigenmann 1903. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Girardinus Poey 1854 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:109 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:561 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:42 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:141 [ref. 36941]). •Valid as Toxus Eigenmann 1903 -- (Doadrio et al. 2009:26 [ref. 30002]). Current status: Synonym of Girardinus Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Trigonophallus Hubbs [C. L.] 1926:48 Masc. Trigonophallus punctifer Hubbs 1926. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Brachyrhaphis Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:81 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:556 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:38 [ref. 29205], Huber 2019:141 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Brachyrhaphis Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Xenodexia Hubbs [C. L.] 1950:8 Fem. Xenodexia ctenolepis Hubbs 1950. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Xenodexia Hubbs 1950 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:142 [ref. 7067], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:10 [ref. 13538], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:573 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:45 [ref. 29205], Morales-Cazan & Albert 2012:23 [ref. 31911], Meyer 2015:360 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:141 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Xenodexia Hubbs 1950. Poeciliidae: Xenodexiinae.

Xenophallus Hubbs [C. L.] 1924:10 Masc. Gambusia umbratilis Meek 1912. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Neoheterandria Henn 1916 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:126 [ref. 7067]). •Valid as Xenophallus Hubbs 1924 -- (Radda & Meyer 1981:115 [ref. 5875], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:573 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:43 [ref. 29205], Morales-Cazan & Albert 2012:23 [ref. 31911], Meyer 2015:364 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:141 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Xenophallus Hubbs 1924. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

Xiphophorus Heckel [J. J.] 1848:291 Masc. Xiphophorus hellerii Heckel 1848. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1864:140 [ref. 4859], also by Günther 1866:349 [ref. 1983]. •Valid as Xiphophorus Heckel 1848 -- (Rosen 1960 [ref. 11945], Rosen & Bailey 1963:63 [ref. 7067], Kallman & Atz 1967:107 [ref. 36224], Rosen 1979:332 [ref. 22796], Paxton et al. 1989:347 [ref. 12442], Parenti & Rauchenberger 1989:8 [ref. 13538], Rodriguez 1997:674 [ref. 23266], Ghedotti 2000:11 [ref. 27228], Morris et al. 2001:65 [ref. 25123], Meyer & Schartl 2002:59 [ref. 26066], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:573 [ref. 27061], Meyer & Schartl 2003:57 [ref. 27477], Kallman et al. 2004:2 [ref. 27790], Hoese & Gates 2006:743 [ref. 28997], Lucinda & Reis 2005:44 [ref. 29205], Kallman & Kazianis 2006:271 [ref. 30574], Scharpf 2007:22 [ref. 30398], Minckley & Marsh 2009:257 [ref. 31114], Marshall 2011:200 [ref. 31755], Kottelat 2013:300 [ref. 32989], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:895 [ref. 34062], McDowall & Stewart 2015:975 [ref. 34275], Meyer 2015:366 [ref. 34698], Esmaeili et al. 2017:92 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:75 [ref. 36089], Fricke et al. 2018:109 [ref. 35805], Huber 2019:142 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Xiphophorus Heckel 1848. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.