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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Genera in the family or subfamily Rajidae: [ 44 ] records


Alpharaia (subgenus of Raja) Leigh-Sharpe [W. H.] 1924:567, 568 Fem. Raja circularis Couch 1838. Type by original designation (also monotypic). As a "pseudogenus" of Raia [=Raja]. Not available [Art. 1.3.5], used as an artificial category (see Leigh-Sharpe 1928 [ref. 6152]). •In the synonymy of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Amblyraja Malm [A. W.] 1877:120, 607 Fem. Raja radiata Donovan 1808. Type by subsequent designation. Misspelled once as Amblyraya by Malm (p. 607). Type designated by Jordan 1919:391 [ref. 4904]. •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subgenus Amblyraja -- (Stehmann 1973:61 [ref. 7168], Ishihara & Ishiyama 1986:273 [ref. 5142], Ishihara 1987:277 [ref. 6264]). •Valid as Amblyraja Malm 1877 -- (McEachran & Dunn 1998:279 [ref. 23312], Compagno 1999:490 [ref. 25589], Last & Yearsley 2002:1640 [ref. 26568], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:537 [ref. 26985], Hoese et al. 2006:181 [ref. 29001], Campagno & Ebert 2007:130 [ref. 30471], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:115 [ref. 31212], Mabragaña et al. 2011:9 [ref. 31800], Delpiani et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31788], Ishihara et al. 2012:16 [ref. 31844], Parin et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33547], Last & Stewart 2015:177 [ref. 34224], Dyldin 2015:68 [ref. 34524], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:21 [ref. 34440], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:111 [ref. 34398], Last et al. 2016:207 [ref. 35000], Dyldin & Orlov 2018:166 [ref. 35920], Ehemann et al. 2018:25 [ref. 36194]). Current status: Valid as Amblyraja Malm 1877. Rajidae.

Argoraja (subgenus of Pavoraja) Whitley [G. P.] 1940:190 Fem. Raja polyommata Ogilby 1910. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Batis Bonaparte [C. L.] 1838:204 Fem. Raja radula Delaroche 1809. Type by original designation (see p. 2 of separate; also monotypic). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Batis Boie 1833 in Aves. •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758 -- (Stehmann 1973:58 [ref. 7168]). Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Beringraja Ishihara [H.], Treloar [M.], Bor [P. H. F.], Senou [H.] & Jeong [C. H.] 2012:23 Fem. Raja binoculata Girard 1855. Type by original designation. •Synonym as Raja Linnaeus 1758 -- (Parin et al. 2014:25 [ref. 33547]). •Valid as Beringraja Ishihara, Treloar, Bor, Senou & Jeong 2012 -- (Dyldin 2015:69 [ref. 34524], Pietsch & Orr 2015:17 [ref. 34694], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:112 [ref. 34398], Last et al. 2016:209 [ref. 35000], Dyldin & Orlov 2018:166 [ref. 35920], Ehemann et al. 2018:25 [ref. 36194]). Current status: Valid as Beringraja Ishihara, Treloar, Bor, Senou & Jeong 2012. Rajidae.

Betaraia (subgenus of Raja) Leigh-Sharpe [W. H.] 1924:567, 568 Fem. Raja clavata Linnaeus 1758. Type by original designation. As a "pseudogenus" of Raia [=Raja]. Not available [Art. 1.3.5], used as an artificial category (see Leigh-Sharpe 1928 [ref. 6152]). Same as Amblyraja Malm 1877 and Hieroptera Fleming 1841. •In the synonymy of Raja Linnaeus 1758 -- (Stehmann 1973:58 [ref. 7168]). Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Breviraja Bigelow [H. B.] & Schroeder [W. C.] 1948:558 Fem. Breviraja colesi Bigelow & Schroeder 1948. Type by original designation. •Valid as Breviraja Bigelow & Schroeder 1948 -- (interrelationships and subgenera discussed by McEachran & Compagno 1982 [ref. 2952]; McEachran & Miyake 1987 [ref. 5973], McEachran & Dunn 1998:278 [ref. 23312], Compagno 1999:490 [ref. 25589], Last & Yearsley 2002:1629 [ref. 26568], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:535 [ref. 26985], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:112 [ref. 34398], Last et al. 2016:205 [ref. 35000], Ehemann et al. 2018:25 [ref. 36194]). Current status: Valid as Breviraja Bigelow & Schroeder 1948. Rajidae.

Cephaleutherus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:48, 61 Masc. Cephaleutherus maculatus Rafinesque 1810. Type by monotypy. Evidently based on a deformed Raja clavata. Eleutherocephalus Agassiz 1846:71, 136 [ref. 64] is an unjustified emendation. •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Clavata (subgenus of Raja) de Buen [F.] 1926:33 Fem. Raja clavata Linnaeus 1758. As a "grupo" for 8 species of Raja. Not available on basis of Art. 1.3.5 [see de Buen's definition of "grupo" on p. 11]. •In the synonymy of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Dactylobatus Bean [B. A.] & Weed [A. C.] 1909:459 Masc. Dactylobatus armatus Bean & Weed 1909. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Dactylobatus Bean & Weed 1909 -- (McEachran & Dunn 1998:278 [ref. 23312], Compagno 1999:490 [ref. 25589], Last & Yearsley 2002:1629 [ref. 26568], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:534 [ref. 26985], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:112 [ref. 34398], Last et al. 2016:205 [ref. 35000], Ehemann et al. 2018:25 [ref. 36194]). Current status: Valid as Dactylobatus Bean & Weed 1909. Rajidae.

Dasybatis Blainville [H. de] 1825:12 Fem. Raja batis Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Jordan 1917:134 [ref. 2407] lists as above with author as Serville, but name can be considered an incorrect subsequent spelling of Dasybatus Blainville and author is Blainville; see remarks under Blainville 1825 [ref. 4991]. •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Dasybatus Bonaparte [C. L.] 1834:puntata 32 Masc. Raja radula Delaroche 1809. Apparently appeared first in puntata 32, fasc. 6 under Raja marginata and spelled Leiobatus and Leiobatis; also appeared in puntata 68 under Raja radula. Bonaparte attributes the name to Blainville, so Bonaparte's treatment is not regarded as an original description. Also appeared in Bonaparte 1838:203 [ref. 4979] with Raja clavata Linnaeus 1758 as type species. •In the synonymy of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Dasybatus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1881:35 Masc. Dasybatis dipterurus Jordan & Gilbert 1880. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Dasybatus Blainville 1816 -- (Kottelat 2013:25 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Dasybatus (subgenus of Raia) Blainville [H. de] 1816:112 [= 120] Masc. Raja clavata Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Type apparently first designated by Bonaparte 1838:203 [ref. 4979]. Not Dasybatus Klein 1775. •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758 -- (Stehmann 1973:58 [ref. 7168]). Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Deltaraia (subgenus of Raja) Leigh-Sharpe [W. H.] 1924:567, 573 Fem. Raja radiata Donovan 1808. Type by original designation. As a "pseudogenus" of Raia [=Raja]. Not available [Art. 1.3.5], used as an artificial category (see Leigh-Sharpe 1928 [ref. 6152]). •In the synonymy of Raja Linnaeus 1758, subgenus Amblyraja Malm 1877 -- (Stehmann 1973:61 [ref. 7168]). Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Dentiraja (subgenus of Raja) Whitley [G. P.] 1940:186 Fem. Raja dentata Klunzinger 1872. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758 or Dipturus Rafinesque 1810 -- (earlier authors). •Valid as Dentiraja Whitley 1940 -- (Last & Gledhill 2008:109 [ref. 29650], Last et al. 2016:15 [ref. 34941], Last et al. 2016:207, 209 [ref. 35000]). Current status: Valid as Dentiraja Whitley 1940. Rajidae.

Dipturus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:16 Masc. Raja batis Linnaeus 1758. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758, usually recognized as a valid subgenus Dipturus -- (Stehmann 1973:62 [ref. 7168], Ishihara & Ishiyama 1986:274 [ref. 5142], Ishihara 1987:242 [ref. 6264], Séret 1989 [ref. 12827], Jacob & McEachran 1994:433 [ref. 22422]). •Valid as Dipturus Rafinesque 1810 -- (McEachran & Dunn 1998:279 [ref. 23312], Compagno 1999:490 [ref. 25589], Last & Yearsley 2002:1640 [ref. 26568], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:536 [ref. 26985], Hoese et al. 2006:181 [ref. 29001], Compagno et al. 2005:66 [ref. 29145], Compagno & Ebert 2007:130 [ref. 30471], Díaz de Astarloa et al. 2008:35 [ref. 29969], Jeong & Nakabo 2008:183 [ref. 29612], Last 2008:53 [ref. 29648], Last & White 2008:109 [ref. 30618], Last et al. 2008:9 [ref. 29647], Séret & Last 2008:99 [ref. 29649], Iglésias et al. 2010:319 [ref. 30586], Last & Lim 2010:107 [ref. 30853], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:13 [ref. 36649], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:115 [ref. 31212], Mabragaña et al. 2011:7 [ref. 31800], Ishihara et al. 2012:16 [ref. 31844], Last & Alava 2013:214 [ref. 33041], Parin et al. 2014:35 [ref. 33547], Vargas-Caro et al. 2015:321 [ref. 33892], Last & Stewart 2015:178 [ref. 34224], Dyldin 2015:69 [ref. 34524], Bañón et al. 2016:301 [ref. 34397], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:113 [ref. 34398], Last et al. 2016:15 [ref. 34941], Last et al. 2016:206 [ref. 35000], White et al. 2017:218 [ref. 35860], Dyldin & Orlov 2018:166 [ref. 35920], Ehemann et al. 2018:25 [ref. 36194], Fricke et al. 2018:24 [ref. 35805], White & Ko'ou 2018:50 [ref. 35922], Concha et al. 2019:505 [ref. 36686]). Current status: Valid as Dipturus Rafinesque 1810. Rajidae.

Eleutherocephalus Agassiz [L.] 1846:71, 136 Masc. Cephaleutherus maculatus Rafinesque 1810. An unjustified emendation of Cephaleutherus Rafinesque 1810. •In the synonymy of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Epsilonraia (subgenus of Raja) Leigh-Sharpe [W. H.] 1924:568, 574 Fem. Raja platana Günther 1880. Type by original designation. As a "Psudogenus" of Raia [= Raja]. Not available [Art. 1.3.5], used as an artificial category (see Leigh-Sharpe 1928 [ref. 6152]). •In the synonymy of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Gammaraia (subgenus of Raja) Leigh-Sharpe [W. H.] 1924:567, 571 Fem. Raja batis Linnaeus 1758. Type by original designation. As a "pseudogenus" of Raia [=Raja]. Not available [Art. 1.3.5], used as an artificial category (see Leigh-Sharpe 1928 [ref. 6152]). •In the synonymy of Raja Linnaeus 1758, subgenus Dipturus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Stehmann 1973:62 [ref. 7168]). Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Hieroptera Fleming [J.] 1841:238 Fem. Hieroptera abredonensis Fleming 1841. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Based on a deformed specimen of Raja clavata. •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Hongeo Jeong [C.-H.] & Nakabo [T.] 2009:141 Masc. Raja koreana Jeong & Nakabo 1997. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Name based on "hong-eo," the Korean common for skates. •Valid as Hongeo Jeong & Nakabo 2009 -- (Last et al. 2016:206 [ref. 35000]). Current status: Valid as Hongeo Jeong & Nakabo 2009. Rajidae.

Iotaraia (subgenus of Raja) Leigh-Sharpe [W. H.] 1924:568, 577 Fem. Raja marginata Lacepède 1803. Type by original designation (also monotypic). As a "pseudogenus" of Raia [=Raja]. Not available [Art. 1.3.5], used as an artificial category (see Leigh-Sharpe 1928 [ref. 6152]). •In the synonymy of Raja Linnaeus 1758 -- (Stehmann 1973:58 [ref. 7168]). Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Kapparaia (subgenus of Raja) Leigh-Sharpe [W. H.] 1926:353 Fem. Raja ocellata Mitchill 1815. Type by original designation (also monotypic). As a "pseudogenus" of Raia [=Raja]. Not available [Art. 1.3.5], used as an artificial category (see Leigh-Sharpe 1928 [ref. 6152]). •In the synonymy of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Laeviraja Bonaparte [C. L.] 1834:puntata 32 Fem. Raja oxyrinchus Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Described in puntata 32, fasc. 6, under Raja marginata with other species mentioned; also in puntata 130, fasc. 25. Earliest subsequent type designation not researched, possibly by Bonaparte 1838: 203 [7 of separate] [ref. 4979]. •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758, subgenus Dipturus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Stehmann 1973:62 [ref. 7168]). Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Laevirajae Nardo [G. D.] 1827:11 Not available, name given in pleural form; listed in Jordan 1919:121 [ref. 2410]. Original not examined; also in Isis, v. 20:476 [seen]. Rajidae.

Leucoraja Malm [A. W.] 1877:121, 609 Fem. Raja fullonica Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan 1919:391 [ref. 4904]. •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subgenus Leucoraja -- (Stehmann 1973:64 [ref. 7168]). •Valid as Leucoraja Malm 1877 -- (McEachran & Dunn 1998:279 [ref. 23312], Compagno 1999:491 [ref. 25589], Last & Yearsley 2002:1640 [ref. 26568], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:537 [ref. 26985], Last et al. 2008:145 [ref. 29653], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:13 [ref. 36649], Ishihara et al. 2012:18 [ref. 31844], Parin et al. 2014:36 [ref. 33547], Dyldin 2015:70 [ref. 34524], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:116 [ref. 34398], Last et al. 2016:208 [ref. 35000], Ehemann et al. 2018:25 [ref. 36194], Ebert & Leslie 2019:225 [ref. 37048]). Current status: Valid as Leucoraja Malm 1877. Rajidae.

Malacobatis Gratzianov [V. I.] 1907:39 Fem. Raja mucosa Steller 1814. Type by monotypy. Current status: Uncertain. Rajidae.

Malacoraja (subgenus of Raja) Stehmann [M. F. W.] 1970:151 Fem. Raja mollis Bigelow & Schroeder 1950. Type by original designation. Type clearly designated originally as above on both pages 151 and 159, but in subsequent articles workers wrongly list Raja spinacidermis Barnard 1923 as type. •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subgenus Malacoraja as described -- (Stehmann 1973:65 [ref. 7168]). •Valid as Malacoraja Stehmann 1970 -- (Stehmann 1978:89 [ref. 6982] and McEachran 1984:55 [ref. 5225] but with spinacidermis as type, Stehmann 1995:28 [ref. 22055], McEachran & Dunn 1998:278 [ref. 23312], Compagno 1999:491 [ref. 25589], Last & Yearsley 2002:1629 [ref. 26568], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:537 [ref. 26985], de Carvalho et al. 2005:241[ref. 28271], Ishihara et al. 2012:19 [ref. 31844], Dyldin 2015:71 [ref. 34524], Last et al. 2016:206 [ref. 35000]). Current status: Valid as Malacoraja Stehmann 1970. Rajidae.

Neoraja McEachran [J. D.] & Compagno [L. J. V.] 1982:422 Fem. Breviraja caerulea Stehmann 1976. Type by original designation. Also described as a new subgenus. •Valid as Neoraja McEachran & Compagno 1982 -- (McEachran 1984:55 [ref. 5225] but with B. stehmanni as type, McEachran & Stehmann 1984 [ref. 5224], Hulley 1986:117 [ref. 5672], McEachran & Miyake 1987 [ref. 5973], Stehmann 1995:32 [ref. 22055], Compagno 1999:491 [ref. 25589], Last & Yearsley 2002:1629 [ref. 26568], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:535 [ref. 26985], Stehmann et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29638], Last et al. 2016:205 [ref. 35000]). Current status: Valid as Neoraja McEachran & Compagno 1982. Rajidae.

Okamejei (subgenus of Raja) Ishiyama [R.] 1958:354 [162] Fem. Raja fusca Garman 1885. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subgenus Okamejei as described -- (Ishihara & Ishiyama 1986:274 [ref. 5142], Ishihara 1987:248 [ref. 6264]). •Valid as Okamejei Ishiyama 1958 -- (McEachran & Dunn 1998:279 [ref. 23312], Compagno 1999:491 [ref. 25589], Last & Yearsley 2002:1640 [ref. 26568], Compagno et al. 2005:67 [ref. 29145], Jeong et al. 2007:62 [ref. 29187], Campagno & Ebert 2007:130 [ref. 30471], Last & Gledhill 2008:119 [ref. 29561], Last et al. 2010:89 [ref. 30852], Last & Lim 2010:101 [ref. 30853], Ishihara et al. 2012:19 [ref. 31844], Parin et al. 2014:36 [ref. 33547], Weigmann et al. 2015:18 [ref. 33795], Dyldin 2015:71 [ref. 34524], Last et al. 2016:207, 209 [ref. 35000], Motomura et al. 2017:24 [ref. 35490], Dyldin & Orlov 2018:167 [ref. 35920]). Current status: Valid as Okamejei Ishiyama 1958. Rajidae.

Orbiraja Last [P. R.], Weigmann [S.] & Dumale [D.] 2016:53 Fem. Okamejei jensenae Last & Lim 2010. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Orbiraja Last, Weigmann & Dumale 2016 -- (Last et al. 2016:209 [ref. 35000]). Current status: Valid as Orbiraja Last, Weigmann & Dumale 2016. Rajidae.

Oxyrhynchus de Buen [F.] 1926:32 Masc. As a "grupo" for 4 species of Rajidae. Not available on basis of Art. 1.3.5 [see de Buen's definition of "grupo" on p. 11]. Also objectively invalid; preoccupied by Oxyrhynchus Leach 1818 in fishes. •In the synonymy of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Perioptera Gistel [J.] 1848:XI Fem. Hieroptera abredonensis Fleming 1841. Type by being a replacement name. Apparently a replacement for Peroptera in fishes; according to Fowler 1969:537 [ref. 6832] it is an unneeded replacement for Hieroptera Fleming 1841; Peroptera as used by Gistel 1848:XI also regarded as an emendation or replacement. •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Platopterus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1815:93 Masc. Raja miraletus Linnaeus 1758. Type by being a replacement name. A "Platopterus R. Raja L." meaning a new name Platopterus Rafinesque for Raja Linnaeus. Based on style in this work, this is an available (unneeded) replacement name for and objective synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Also appeared as new in Rafinesque 1818:272 [ref. 5087]. Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Propterygia Otto [A. W.] 1821:111 Fem. Propterygia hyposticta Otto 1821. Type by monotypy. Apparently based on a deformed specimen of Raja batis. Description and figure as given by Otto are reproduced in Fleming 1841:238 [ref. 1340], in which Fleming dates to Otto 1821. •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Raja Linnaeus [C.] 1758:231 Fem. Raja miraletus Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bonaparte 1838:7 (of separate) [ref. 4979]. Also appeared as new (sensu Bellonius) in Billberg 1833:51 [ref. 34146]; see Kullander 2016:107 [ref. 34147]. Spelled Raia or Raya by authors. •Valid as Raja Linnaeus 1758 -- (Stehmann 1973:58 [ref. 7168], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:13 [ref. 6441], Hulley 1986:118 [ref. 5672], Ishihara 1987 [ref. 6264], Cappetta 1987:143 [ref. 6348] including fossils, Paxton et al. 1989:56 [ref. 12442], Stehmann & Bürkel 1990:94 [ref. 21679], Miller 1993:479 [ref. 21297], Gomon et al. 1994:161 [ref. 22532], Stehmann 1995:36 [ref. 22055], Jeong et al. 1995:207 [ref. 22733], McEachran & Dunn 1998:280 [ref. 23312], Last & Compagno 1999:1453 [ref. 24639], Compagno 1999:492 [ref. 25589], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:94 [ref. 25968], Last & Yearsley 2002:1629 [ref. 26568], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:537 [ref. 26985], Genz et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29332], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:13 [ref. 36649], Ishihara et al. 2012:19 [ref. 31844], Parin et al. 2014:37 [ref. 33547], Dyldin 2015:72 [ref. 34524], Pietsch & Orr 2015:17 [ref. 34694], Last & Séret 2016:477 [ref. 34640], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:117 [ref. 34398], Last et al. 2016:209 [ref. 35000], Fricke et al. 2018:24 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Rajabutis De la Pylaie [A. J. M.] 1835:528 Fem. Raja mosaica Lacepède 1802. Misspelled Rajabatis in 1990 edition of the "Genera." Perhaps not intended as a generic name (Jordan 1919:183 [ref. 2410]). Not available, no distinguishing features. •In the synonymy of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Rajella (subgenus of Raja) Stehmann [M. F. W.] 1970:151 Fem. Raja fyllae Lütken 1887. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subgenus Rajella as described -- (Stehmann 1978 [ref. 6981]). •Valid as Rajella Stehmann 1970 -- (McEachran & Dunn 1998:279 [ref. 23312], Long & McCosker 1999:49 [ref. 23764], Compagno 1999:492 [ref. 25589], Last & Yearsley 2002:1640 [ref. 26568], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:537 [ref. 26985], Campagno & Ebert 2007:131 [ref. 30471], Last & Stehmann 2008:135 [ref. 29652], Last & White 2008:124 [ref. 30618], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:115 [ref. 31212], Ishihara et al. 2012:19 [ref. 31844], Stehmann 2012:46 [ref. 31995], Weigmann et al. 2014:359 [ref. 33443], Parin et al. 2014:37 [ref. 33547], Dyldin 2015:72 [ref. 34524], Bañón et al. 2016:302 [ref. 34397], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:120 [ref. 34398], Last et al. 2016:208 [ref. 35000], Ehemann et al. 2018:25 [ref. 36194]). Current status: Valid as Rajella Stehmann 1970. Rajidae.

Rostroraja (subgenus of Raja) Hulley [P. A.] 1972:77 Fem. Raja alba Lacepède 1803. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subgenus Rostroraja as described -- (Stehmann 1973:66 [ref. 7168], Stehmann 1976:170 [ref. 7085]). •Valid as Rostroraja Hulley 1972 -- (McEachran & Dunn 1998:279 [ref. 23312], Compagno 1999:492 [ref. 25589], Last & Yearsley 2002:1629 [ref. 26568] as Rostoraja, Campagno & Ebert 2007:131 [ref. 30471], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:14 [ref. 36649], Ishihara et al. 2012:19 [ref. 31844], Last et al. 2016:209 [ref. 35000], Ehemann et al. 2018:25 [ref. 36194], Fricke et al. 2018:25 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Rostroraja Hulley 1972. Rajidae.

Spiniraja (subgenus of Raja) Whitley [G. P.] 1939:251 Fem. Raja (Spiniraja) ogilbyi Whitley 1939. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. •Valid as Spiniraja Whitley 1939 -- (Weigmann 2016:123 [ref. 34211], Last et al. 2016:208 [ref. 35000]). Current status: Valid as Spiniraja Whitley 1939. Rajidae.

Tengujei (subgenus of Raja) Ishiyama [R.] 1958:354, 377[162,185] Fem. Raja tengu Jordan & Fowler 1903. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758, subgenus Dipterus Rafinesque 1810 -- (see Ishihara & Ishiyama 1986:274 [ref. 5142]). Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Thetaraia (subgenus of Raja) Leigh-Sharpe [W. H.] 1924:568, 577 Fem. Raja eatonii Günther 1876. Type by original designation (also monotypic). As a "Pseudogenus" of Raia [= Raja]. Not available [Art. 1.3.5], used as an artificial category (see Leigh-Sharpe 1928 [ref. 6152]). •In the synonymy of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Raja Linnaeus 1758. Rajidae.

Zearaja Whitley [G. P.] 1939:254 Fem. Raja nasuta Müller & Henle 1841. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Zearaja Whitley 1939 -- (Last & Gledhill 2007:48 [ref. 29177], Vargas-Caro et al. 2015:321 [ref. 33892], Last & Stewart 2015:179 [ref. 34224], Last et al. 2016:207 [ref. 35000], Gabbanelli et al. 2018:458 [ref. 36350]). •Synonym of Dipturus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Concha et al. 2019:505 [ref. 36686]). Current status: Synonym of Dipturus Rafinesque 1810. Rajidae.