Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Catalog of Fishes
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Genera in the family or subfamily Synbranchidae: [ 23 ] records


Amphipnous Müller [J.] 1840:117 Masc. Unibranchapertura cuchia Hamilton 1822. Type by original designation. Also in Müller 1841:246 [ref. 32989]. •Objective synonym of Cuchia Hamilton 1831. •Status uncertain -- (Bailey & Gans 1998:2 [ref. 23296]). •Synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800 -- (Rosen & Greenwood 1976:56 [ref. 7094], Daget 1986:291 [ref. 6203], Britz et al. 2011:51 [ref. 31404], Kottelat 2013:308 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800. Synbranchidae.

Anommatophasma Mees [G. F.] 1962:27 Neut. Anommatophasma candidum Mees 1962. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Ophisternon McClelland 1844 -- (Rosen & Greenwood 1976:50 [ref. 7094] and Daget 1986:291 [ref. 6203] but as Anomatophasma, Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:594 [ref. 27061]). Synonym of Ophisternon McClelland 1844 -- (Kottelat 2013:309 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ophisternon McClelland 1844. Synbranchidae.

Apterigia Basilewsky [S.] 1855:247 Fem. Apterigia saccogularis Basilewsky 1855. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan 1919:263 [ref. 2410]. •Synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800 -- (Rosen & Greenwood 1976:56 [ref. 7094], Daget 1986:291 [ref. 6203], Kottelat 2013:308 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800. Synbranchidae.

Cryptophthalmus Franz [V.] 1910:15 Masc. Cryptophthalmus robustus Franz 1910. Type by monotypy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Cryptophthalmus Rafinesque 1814 in Crustacea and Ehrenberg 1831 in Mollusca; replaced by Unagius Jordan 1919. •Synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800 -- (McCosker et al. 2011:272 [ref. 31452], Kottelat 2013:308 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800. Synbranchidae.

Cuchia Hamilton [F.] in Taylor 1831:42 Fem. Unibranchapertura cuchia Hamilton 1822. Type by monotypy (also by absolute tautonymy). Probably unavailable and a vernacular name not distinct from Unibranchapertura as used by Taylor (see discussion in Rosen & Greenwood 1976:56 [ref. 7094]); possibly as Cuchia for the species cuchia. •In the synonymy of Monopterus Lacepéde 1800. Current status: Uncertain as Monopterus Lacepède 1800. Synbranchidae.

Falconeria Larrañaga [D. A.] 1923:381 Fem. Two included species, no type designated. Also appeared in Devincenzi 1925:295 [ref. 20322] quoted from Larrañaga manuscript, but Devincenzi (p. 298, 321) equated with Symbranchus [Synbranchus] and did not treat genus as valid. •Synonym of Synbranchus Bloch 1795 -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:594 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Synbranchus Bloch 1795. Synbranchidae.

Fluta Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:565 Fem. Monopterus javanensis Lacepède 1800. Type by monotypy. Monopterus not preoccupied by Monopteros Volta 1796. •Objective synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800 -- (Rosen & Greenwood 1976:56 [ref. 7094] but with wrong type for Monopterus, Daget 1986:291 [ref. 6203], Roberts 1989:183 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2013:308 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800. Synbranchidae.

Furmastix Whitley [G. P.] 1951:67 Fem. Pluto infernalis Hubbs 1938. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Pluto Hubbs 1938, preoccupied in Hymenoptera [details not researched]. •Synonym of Ophisternon McClelland 1844 -- (Rosen & Greenwood 1976:50 [ref. 7094], Daget 1986:291 [ref. 6203], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:594 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Ophisternon Mcclelland 1844. Synbranchidae.

Macrotrema Regan [C. T.] 1912:390 Neut. Symbranchus caligans Cantor 1849. Type by monotypy. Correct spelling for genus of type species is Synbranchus. •Valid as Macrotrema Regan 1912 -- (Rosen & Greenwood 1976:50 [ref. 7094], Kottelat 1989:16 [ref. 13605], Bailey & Gans 1998:4 [ref. 23296], Kottelat 2013:307 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Macrotrema Regan 1912. Synbranchidae.

Monopterus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:138 Masc. Monopterus javanensis Lacepède 1800. Type by monotypy. Rosen & Greenwood 1976:56 give Muraena alba Zuiew as the type of Monopterus (not an originally included species; Lacepède included only one species, javanensis, and it is the type by monotypy). •Valid as Monopterus Lacepède 1800 -- (Rosen & Greenwood 1976:56 [ref. 7094] and Jayaram 1981:309 [ref. 6497] with wrong type, Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:366 [ref. 6441], Daget 1986:291 [ref. 6203], Paxton et al. 1989:436 [ref. 12442], Kottelat 1989:16 [ref. 13605], Roberts 1989:183 [ref. 6439], Ataur Rahman 1989:50 [ref. 24860], Liu in Pan et al. 1991:357 [ref. 23876], Daget in Lévêque et al. 1992:659 [ref. 21590], Bailey & Gans 1998:2 [ref. 23296], Yang in Chen 1998:320 [ref. 23556], Gopi 2002:139 [ref. 27553], Ataur Rahman 2003:65 [ref. 31338], Proudlove 2006:186 [ref. 28992], Hoese & Gates 2006:860 [ref. 28997], Scharpf 2007:36 [ref. 30398], Britz et al. 2011:51 [ref. 31404], Kottelat 2013:308 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:192 [ref. 34477], Britz et al. 2016:309 [ref. 34914]). Current status: Valid as Monopterus Lacepède 1800. Synbranchidae.

Ophicardia McClelland [J.] 1844:175, 191, 218 Fem. Ophicardia phayriana McClelland 1844. Type by monotypy. Species apparently misspelled phyariana in main entry (p. 191); named after Capt. Phayre (mentioned twice on p. 191-192) and spelled phayriana on p. 204 (legend to Pl. 12) and on p. 218. •Synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800 -- (Rosen & Greenwood 1976:56 [ref. 7094] but as Ophiocardia, species as phyariana, Kottelat 2013:308 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800. Synbranchidae.

Ophichthys Swainson [W.] 1839:196, 336, 445 Masc. Ophichthys punctatus Swainson 1839 (= Unibranchapertura cuchia Hamilton 1822). Type by monotypy. As Ophicthys on p. 196 and 441 (index). Swainson's O. punctatus is an unneeded substitute for U. cuchia. Objective synonym of Cuchia Hamilton (in Taylor) 1831; also predates Amphipnous Müller 1841 with same type. Ophichthys is also a misspelling of Ophichthus in some early literature. •Synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800 -- (Rosen & Greenwood 1976:56 [ref. 7094], Daget 1986:291 [ref. 6203]. Kottelat 2013:308 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800. Synbranchidae.

Ophisternon McClelland [J.] 1844:175, 196, 220 Neut. Ophisternon bengalensis McClelland 1844. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Evermann 1896:342 [ref. 2443]. •Valid as Ophisternon McClelland 1844 -- (Rosen & Greenwood 1976:50 [ref. 7094], Jayaram 1981:310 [ref. 6497], Daget 1986:291 [ref. 6203], Paxton et al. 1989:436 [ref. 12442], Kottelat 1989:16 [ref. 13605], Rahman 1989:51 [ref. 24860], Allen 1991:111 [ref. 21090], Daget in Lévêque et al. 1992:659 [ref. 21590], Bailey & Gans 1998:4 [ref. 23296], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:594 [ref. 27061], Ataur Rahman 2003:66 [ref. 31338], Favorito et al. 2005:319 [ref. 28383], Perdices et al. 2005:460 [ref. 28418], Proudlove 2006:183 [ref. 28992], Hoese & Gates 2006:860 [ref. 28997], Scharpf 2007:37 [ref. 30398], Kottelat 2013:30 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ophisternon McClelland 1844. Synbranchidae.

Pluto Hubbs [C. L.] 1938:291 Masc. Pluto infernalis Hubbs 1938. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Preoccupied in Hymenoptera (sphecoid wasps) by Pluto Pate 1937 [a replacement name for Psenia Malloch 1933]; Pluto Hubbs was replaced by Furmastix Whitley 1951. •Objective synonym of Furmastix Whitley 1951. •Synonym of Ophisternon McClelland 1844 -- (Rosen & Greenwood 1976:50 [ref. 7094], Daget 1986:291 [ref. 6203], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:594 [ref. 27061], Kottelat 2013:309 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ophisternon McClelland 1844. Synbranchidae.

Pneumabranchus McClelland [J.] 1843:411 Masc. Pneumabranchus cinereus McClelland 1843. Type by monotypy. Usually attributed to McClelland 1844 [1845]:175, 192 [ref. 2928] with type as P. striatus, but appeared first in McClelland 1844 as above with only one included species. •Synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800 -- (Rosen & Greenwood 1976:56 [ref. 7094], Daget 1986:291 [ref. 6203], Kottelat 2013:308 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800. Synbranchidae.

Symbranchus See Synbranchus. Synbranchidae.

Synbranchus Bloch [M. E.] 1795:86 Masc. Synbranchus marmoratus Bloch 1795. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1865:117 [ref. 4860]. Symbranchus is apparently a misspelling. •Valid as Synbranchus Bloch 1795 -- (Rosen & Greenwood 1976:53 [ref. 7094], Malabarba 1989:162 [ref. 14217], Bailey & Gans 1998:4 [ref. 23296], Britski et al. 1999:152 [ref. 24147], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:594 [ref. 27061], Favorito et al. 2005:319 [ref. 28383], Perdices et al. 2005:460 [ref. 28418], Bertaco et al. 2016:426 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Synbranchus Bloch 1795. Synbranchidae.

Tetrabranchus Bleeker [P.] 1851:69 Masc. Tetrabranchus microphthalmus Bleeker 1851. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Ophisternon McClelland 1844 -- (Rosen & Greenwood 1976:50 [ref. 7094], Daget 1986:291 [ref. 6203], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:594 [ref. 27061]. Kottelat 2013:309 [ef. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ophisternon Mcclelland 1844. Synbranchidae.

Typhlobranchus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:537 Masc. Typhlobranchus spurius Bloch & Schneider 1801. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Synbranchus Bloch 1795 -- (Rosen & Greenwood 1976:53 [ref. 7094], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:594 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Synbranchus Bloch 1795. Synbranchidae.

Typhlosynbranchus Pellegrin [J.] 1922:884 Masc. Typhlosynbranchus boueti Pellegrin 1922. Type by monotypy. Typhlosymbranchus is a misspelling. •Synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800 -- (Rosen & Greenwood 1976:56 [ref. 7094], Daget 1986:291 [ref. 6203], Kottelat 2013:308 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800. Synbranchidae.

Unagius Jordan [D. S.] 1919:343 Masc. Cryptophthalmus robustus Franz 1910. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Cryptophthalmus Franz 1910, preoccupied by Cryptophthalmus Rafinesque 1814 in Crustacea and Ehrenberg 1831 in Mollusca. •Synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800 -- (Kottelat 213:308 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Monopterus Lacepède 1800. Synbranchidae.

Unibranchapertura Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:656 Fem. Synbranchus marmoratus Bloch 1795. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Evermann 1896:342 [ref. 2443]. Spelled Unibranchaperturus and Unibranchapterura in early literature; and as Unipertura by Duméril 1856:201 [ref. 1154]. •Synonym of Synbranchus Bloch 1795 -- (Rosen & Greenwood 1976:53 [ref. 7094], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:594 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Synbranchus Bloch 1795. Synbranchidae.

Unipertura Duméril [A. M. C.] 1856:201 Fem. Synbranchus marmoratus Bloch 1795. Type by being a replacement name. Unjustified emendation (abridgment) for Unibranchapertura Lacepède 1803 and taking same type; analysis by Rosen & Greenwood 1976:50-51 [ref. 7094] apparently in error [type of Unipertura not U. laevis and not "designated" as such]. •Synonym of Synbranchus Bloch 1795 -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:594 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Synbranchus Bloch 1795. Synbranchidae.