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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Ambassidae: [ 107 ] records


agassizii, Ambassis Steindachner [F.] 1867:9 [1] [Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 55 (1. Abth.); ref. 4214] Fitzroy River, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): NMW 34617. On p. 1 of separate. •Valid as Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:484 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:152 [ref. 15712], Allen in McDowall 1996:146 [ref. 22909], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Unmack 2001:1062 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:180 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129], Allen et al. 2006:970 [ref. 29066], Morgan et al. 2011:15 [ref. 31262], Hammer et al. 2012:64 [ref. 32389], Kuiter 2018:30 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867. Ambassidae. Distribution: Southern and eastern Australia: Murray-Darling River system of South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales; coastal areas of southern Queensland and northern New South Wales. Habitat: freshwater.

agrammus, Ambassis Günther [A.] 1867:57 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 20 (no. 115); ref. 1988] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1867.5.6.32-33 (3). •Valid as Ambassis agrammus Günther 1867 -- (Roberts 1978:54 [ref. 8886], Paxton et al. 1989:484 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:157 [ref. 15712], Allen & Leggett 1990:537 [ref. 20887], Larson & Martin 1990:37 [ref. 16606], Allen 1991:114 [ref. 21090], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Allen et al. 2000:93 [ref. 27467], Unmack 2001:1062 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:181 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:970 [ref. 29066], Allen et al. 2008:111 [ref. 30265], Larson et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:49 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis agrammus Günther 1867. Ambassidae. Distribution: Northern Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

alleni, Pseudambassis Datta [N. C.] & Chaudhuri [S.] 1993:2, Fig. 2 [India Biologist v. 25 (no. 1); ref. 21980] Rangoon, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): ZSI F 7900/2. •Valid as Pseudambassis alleni Datta & Chaudhuri 1993. •Possibly the senior synonym of Parambassis tenasserimensis Roberts 1995 -- (Kottelat 2003:16 [ref. 26756]). •Valid as Parambassis alleni (Datta & Chaudhuri 1993) -- (Geetakumari 2012:63 [ref. 31985], Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis alleni (Datta & Chaudhuri 1993). Ambassidae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

alta, Ambassis Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:183 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Bengal, India. Syntypes: MHNG 148.06 (1); MNHN 0000-9340 (3), 0000-9341 (3); SMF 1279 [ex MNHN in 1830] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:69 [ref. 12478], Weber 1998:12 [ref. 23532]. •Synonym in part of Parambassis lala (Hamilton 1822) -- (Roberts 1995:275 [ref. 22559] on MNHN 9341 (3)). •Synonym of Pseudambassis ranga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:286 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Parambassis lala (Hamilton 1822) or Parambassis ranga (Hamilton 1822) needing a lectotype selection -- (Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Parambassis lala (Hamilton 1822). Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

altipinnis, Parambassis Allen [G. R.] 1982:166, Fig. 1 [Bulletin Zoölogisch Museum, Universiteit van Amsterdam v. 8 (no. 20); ref. 5461] Idenburg [Mamberamo] River at Prauwenbivak, Irian Jaya, Indonesia, about 2°18'S, 138°33'E. Holotype: ZMA 116452. Paratypes: USNM 227493 (2), WAM P.27378-001 (7), ZMA 116453 (10). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:17 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:18 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Parambassis altipinnis Allen 1982 -- (Allen & Burgess 1990:188 [ref. 15712], Allen 1991:118 [ref. 21090]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis altipinnis Allen 1982. Ambassidae. Distribution: Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

ambassis, Centropomus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1802:252, 273 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN A-0470 (3, dry, Commerson specimens). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:99 [ref. 12478]. Based on description in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist); Commerson specimens later identified (and they are the underlying specimens for Commerson's description and hence syntypes). •Synonym of Ambassis gymnocephalus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Maugé 1986:297 [ref. 6218]). •Valid as Ambassis ambassis (Lacepède 1802) -- (Fricke 1999:172 [ref. 24106], Anderson & Heemstra 2003:201 [ref. 27368], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:154 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2009:42 [ref. 30213], Kottelat 2013:319 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2018:141 [ref. 35805], Suresh et al. 2018:178 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:35 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis ambassis (Lacepède 1802). Ambassidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa, South Africa, Persian Gulf, Madagascar, Réunion and Mauritius (western Mascarenes) east to western India. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

apogonoides, Ambassis Bleeker [P.] 1851:200 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 329] Bandjarmasin, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5558 (1 of 3). Original as apogonoïdes. •Valid as Parambassis apogonoides (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 1989:161 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:106 [ref. 23448], Roberts 1995:272 [ref. 22559], Rainboth 1996:181 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 2001:149 [ref. 25780], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:164 [ref. 28284], Geetakumari 2012:62 [ref. 31985], Geetakumari & Basudha 2012:3327 [ref. 32278], Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2015:587 [ref. 34026]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis apogonoides (Bleeker 1851). Ambassidae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

apogonoides, Tetracentrum Macleay [W.] 1883:256 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 17587] Goldie River and other fresh water streams, Papua New Guinea. Lectotype: AMS I.9205. Paralectotypes: AMS I.9206-08 (1, 1, 1), BMNH 1934.8.1.1 [ex AMS] (1). Lectotype apparently designated by Whitley 1935 (not researched, not designated here). •Valid as Tetracentrum apogonoides Macleay 1883 -- (Allen & Burgess 1990:196 [ref. 15712], Allen 1991:119 [ref. 21090]). Current status: Valid as Tetracentrum apogonoides Macleay 1883. Ambassidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

argyrozona, Priopis Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:504 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] No locality [= Java, Indonesia]. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:100 [ref. 12478]. Based on a drawing. •Questionably a synonym of Ambassis gymnocephalus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Kottelat 2013:319 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis gymnocephalus (Lacepède 1802). Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

australis, Apogon Steindachner [F.] 1867:10 [2] [Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 55 (1. Abth.); ref. 4214] Fitzroy River, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia. Lectotype: NMW 75802:1 (larger of 2). Paralectotypes: NMW 75802:2 (1). Not types: NMW 35214-15 (12, 1). On p. 2 of separate. Lectotype selected by Gon & Herzig-Straschil 1996:1030 [ref. 22568]. •In family Ambassidae as Denariusa australis (Steindachner 1867) -- (Gon & Herzig-Straschil 1996:1029 [ref. 22568]). •Valid as Denariusa australis (Steindachner 1867) -- (Allen et al. 2006:973 [ref. 29066], Larson et al. 2013:96 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:53 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Denariusa australis (Steindachner 1867). Ambassidae. Distribution: Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

baculis, Chanda Hamilton [F.] 1822:112, 371 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Brahmaputra River at Gualpara [Goalpara], Assam, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:40 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 65 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Pseudambassis baculis (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:803 [ref. 20764], Datta & Chaudhuri 1993:2 [ref. 21980], Sen 1995:585 [ref. 23778], Sen 1999:202 [ref. 24750], Menon 1999:284 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:34 [ref. 25662], Yadav 2003:24 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:373 [ref. 31338] as beculis, Conway et al. 2011:1756 [ref. 31594]). •Valid as Chanda baculis Hamilton 1822 -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:341 [ref. 24860] as beculis, Rafique 2000:326 [ref. 25220], Rafique et al. 2003:98 [ref. 27173], Shrestha 2008:215 [ref. 29923]). •Valid as Parambassis baculis (Hamilton 1822) -- (Roberts 1995:273 [ref. 22559], Mirza 2003:23 [ref. 27265], Geetakumari 2012:59 [ref. 31985], Geetakumari & Basudha 2012:3327 [ref. 32278], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2015:587 [ref. 34026]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis baculis (Hamilton 1822). Ambassidae. Distribution: Asia: Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

bahrul, Centropomus Hamilton [F.] in Day 1875:52 [The fishes of India Part 1; ref. 1080] Manuscript name on drawing mentioned in passing; not available. Ambassidae.

bandata, Denariusa Whitley [G. P.] 1948:92, Fig. 11 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 1); ref. 4710] Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.2035. Paratypes: (14) AMS IB.2036-37 (1, 2); NMV A625 (11). •Synonym of Denariusa australis (Steindachner 1867) -- (Allen et al. 2006:973 [ref. 29066], Allen et al. 2008:114 [ref. 30265], Larson et al. 2013:96 [ref. 32988]). •Valid as Denariusa bandata Whitley 1948 -- (Roberts 1978:55 [ref. 8886], Paxton et al. 1989:486 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:185 [ref. 15712], Larson & Martin 1990:39 [ref. 16606], Allen 1991:117 [ref. 21090], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Unmack 2001:1062 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:186 [ref. 25930], Pusey et al. 2017:53 [ref. 35250] with remarks). Current status: Valid as Denariusa bandata Whitley 1948. Ambassidae. Distribution: Australia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

barlovi, Ambassis Sykes [W. H.] 1839:158 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Beema River at Pairgaon, Deccan, India. Syntypes: ?BMNH uncat. (2) from Sykes. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:55 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:350, Pl. 60 (fig. 1) [ref. 18868]. •Synonym of Pseudambassis ranga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:285 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Parambassis ranga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Roberts 1995:279 [ref. 22559], Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Parambassis ranga (Hamilton 1822). Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

batjanensis, Ambassis Bleeker [P.] 1855:196 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 9 (no. 2); ref. 16846] Batjan, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Ambassis macracanthus Bleeker 1849 Current status: Synonym of Ambassis macracanthus Bleeker 1849. Ambassidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bistigmata, Parambassis Geetakumari [K.] 2012:60, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 3317; ref. 31985] Ranga River, Kimin Station, Brahmaputra drainage, 27°21'01"N, 93°57'11"E, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Holotype: MUMF/Per--105. Paratypes: MUMF/Per--106-108 (3), MUMF/Per--109-111 (3). Specific name is formed as a noun. •Valid as Parambassis bistigmata Geetakumari 2012 -- (Geetakumari & Basudha 2012:3327 [ref. 32278], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2015:587 [ref. 34026]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis bistigmata Geetakumari 2012. Ambassidae. Distribution: Ranga River, Brahmaputra drainage, northeastern India. Habitat: freshwater.

bleekeri, Ambassis Maugé [A. L.] 1984:216, Fig. 1 [Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Série 4: Section A: Zoologie, Biologie et Écologie Animales v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 17440] Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 29222 [ex RMNH 5555]. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:70 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Ambassis gymnocephalus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Kottelat 2013:319 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Ambassis dussumieri Cuvier 1828 -- (Maugé 1986:298 [ref. 6218]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis dussumieri Cuvier 1828. Ambassidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bogoda, Chanda Hamilton [F.] 1822:111, 371 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Brahmaputra River at Gualpara [Goalpara], Assam, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:40 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 64 [ref. 37532]. •Synonym of Chanda nama Hamilton 1822 -- (Roberts 1995:266 [ref. 22559], Menon 1999:283 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Chanda nama Hamilton 1822. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

boulengeri, Ambassis Volz [W.] 1903:553 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 26 (no. 703); ref. 4531] Banju asin, Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): NMBE 1021093. Species illustrated and described in more detail in Volz 1903:352, Pl. 25 (fig. 1) [ref. 21451]. •Synonym of Parambassis wolffii (Bleeker 1850) -- (Roberts 1989:164 [ref. 6439], Roberts 1995:281 [ref. 22559], Kottelat 2013:323 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Parambassis wolffii (Bleeker 1850). Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevipinnis, Ambassis Kner [R.] 1868:27 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 58 (nos 1-2); ref. 6074] South Sea. No types known. Appeared in more detail in Kner 1868:298 [p. 6 of separate], Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [ref. 2646]. Ambassidae. Habitat: marine.

buruensis, Ambassis Bleeker [P.] 1856:396 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 11 (no. 2); ref. 353] Kajeli, Buru Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1880.4.21.94-95. Original as buruënsis; later spelled buroënsis by Bleeker; burunensis is a misspelling. •Valid as Ambassis buruensis Bleeker 1856 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:123 [ref. 6441], Allen & Burgess 1990:160 [ref. 15712], Allen & Coates 1990:79 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:115 [ref. 21090], Kottelat et al. 1993:104 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:181 [ref. 22772], Myers 1999:104 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2435 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:680 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Freyhof et al. 2000:97 [ref. 25184] as cf. buruensis, Iwatsuki et al. 2000:98 [ref. 26368] as burunensis, Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:179 [ref. 27511], Sakai et al. 2001:93 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:680 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495] dated 1857, Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:44 [ref. 27510], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:196 [ref. 28107], Randall 2005:135 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Kottelat 2013:319 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:57 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:24 [ref. 35333], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:92 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis buruensis Bleeker 1856. Ambassidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Thailand and Indonesia east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern Japan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

buton, Ambassis Popta [C. M. L.] 1918:6 [Zweite Fortsetzung der Beschreibung von neuen Fischarten der Sunda-Expedition; ref. 15101] Sermowai River, Butung [Buton], Indonesia. Syntypes: SMF 13697-98 (1, 44). •Valid as Ambassis buton Popta 1918 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:794 [ref. 20764], Kottelat 2013:319 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis buton Popta 1918. Ambassidae. Distribution: India and New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

castelnaui, Pseudoambassis Macleay [W.] 1881:339 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 3); ref. 17577] Murrumbidgee River, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16313-001 [ex MAMU F427] (4). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:206 [ref. 19518]. •Valid as Ambassis castelnaui (Macleay 1881) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:98 [ref. 25473]). •Synonym of Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:484 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:152 [ref. 15712], Allen et al. 2006:970 [ref. 29066]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater.

caudovittatus, Synechopterus Norman [J. R.] 1935:62, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1935 (no. 2); ref. 3225] Kokoda, Papua, New Guinea. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1934.4.7.16. •Valid as Tetracentrum caudovittatus (Norman 1935) -- (Allen & Burgess 1990:198 [ref. 15712], Allen 1991:119 [ref. 21090]). Current status: Valid as Tetracentrum caudovittatus (Norman 1935). Ambassidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

commersonii, Ambassis Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:176, Pl. 25 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Réunion, western Mascarenes; Puducherry, India; Mahé, India; Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: MHNG 148.04 (1); MNHN 0000-2955 (1) Java, A-5470 (3, dry) Réunion, 0000-9164 (4) Puducherry, 0000-9352 (1) Java. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:70 [ref. 12478], Weber 1998:12 [ref. 23532]. Based on previous literature and specimens; perhaps can be regarded as a replacement name with the same types as Centropomis ambassis. Kottelat (2013) says 4 species are represented; need a lectotype designation. •Valid as Chanda commersonii (Cuvier 1828) -- (Dor 1984:94 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:24 [ref. 25356]). •Synonym of Ambassis gymnocephalus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Maugé 1986:297 [ref. 6218], Fricke 1999:172 [ref. 24106] in part). •Valid as Ambassis commersonii Cuvier 1828 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:123 [ref. 6441] as commersoni, Pethiyagoda 1991:210 [ref. 20075] as commersoni, Talwar & Jhingran 1991:794 [ref. 20764] as commersoni, Indra 1993:188 [ref. 24009], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:219 [ref. 27969] as commersoni, Kuo & Shao 1999:401 [ref. 24297] as commersoni, Mishra et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25315] as commersoni, Nakabo 2000:681 [ref. 25086] as commersoni, Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:185 [ref. 25703] as commersoni, Sakai et al. 2001:93 [ref. 25693] as commersoni, Nakabo 2002:681 [ref. 26001] as commersoni, Narasimhaiah et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34975] as commersoni). •Synonym of Ambassis ambassis (Lacepède 1802) -- (Fricke 1999:172 [ref. 24106] in part, Anderson & Heemstra 2003:201 [ref. 27368], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Kottelat 2013:319 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis ambassis (Lacepède 1802). Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

confinis, Ambassis Weber [M.] 1913:577 [Süsswasserfische aus Niederländisch Süd- und Nord-Neu-Guinea v. 9 (livr. 4); ref. 4603] Kaiserin Augusta River, Haupt Bivak and in mountains, Njoo [or Njao] and Sermowai River, New Guinea. Syntypes: ZMA 112396-99 (1, 1, 2, 5). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:84 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Parambassis confinis (Weber 1913) -- (Allen & Burgess 1990:190 [ref. 15712], Allen & Coates 1990:81 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:118 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:301 [ref. 21400]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis confinis (Weber 1913). Ambassidae. Distribution: New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

convexus, Pseudambassis De Vis [C. W.] 1884:394 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Queensland, Australia. Holotype: ?QM I.85 (too small to be holotype). De Vis specimens: AMS IA.6057-58 (1, 1). •Synonym of Ambassis castelnaui (Macleay 1881) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473]). •Synonym of Ambassis marianus Günther 1880 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:485 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:173 [ref. 15712], Allen et al. 2006:972 [ref. 29066]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis marianus Günther 1880. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dalyensis, Ambassis Rendahl [H.] 1922:187 [Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne v. 60; ref. 3701] Daly River, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: ZMUO J2145. Paratypes: ZMUO J5233 (1), NRM 10446-47 (1, 1). Type catalog: Pethon 1969:6 [ref. 19268]. •Synonym of Ambassis interruptus Bleeker 1853 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:485 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:165 [ref. 15712]). •Synonym of Ambassis interrupta Bleeker 1853 -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2003:204 [ref. 27368], Allen et al. 2006:971 [ref. 29066], Larson et al. 2013:95 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:320 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis interrupta Bleeker 1853. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

dayi, Ambassis Bleeker [P.] 1874:95 [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 3) v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 438] India. No types known. Based on Ambassis nalua of Day 1865 (not Chanda nalua Hamilton 1822). •Valid as Parambassis dayi (Bleeker 1874) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:801 [ref. 20764], Roberts 1995:274 [ref. 22559], Menon 1999:286 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:51 [ref. 26359], Geetakumari 2012:59 [ref. 31985], Geetakumari & Basudha 2012:3327 [ref. 32278], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2015:587 [ref. 34026]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis dayi (Bleeker 1874). Ambassidae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

denticulata, Ambassis Klunzinger [C. B.] 1870:719 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 20; ref. 2621] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMF 1324 (1), 7668-69 (2). •Synonym of Chanda gymnocephalus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Dor 1984:94 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Ambassis gymnocephalus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Kottelat 2013:319 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Ambassis dussumieri Cuvier 1828 -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2003:202 [ref. 27368], Golani & Fricke 2018:60 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis dussumieri Cuvier 1828. Ambassidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dussumieri, Ambassis Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:181 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Malabar, India. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-9335 (1). Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9335 (2), SMF 1325 [ex MNHN in 1830] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:70 [ref. 12478]. Lectotype selected by Anderson & Heemstra 1993:202. •Synonym of Ambassis gymnocephalus (Lacepède 1802) - (Kottelat 2013:319 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:88 [ref. 34492] as gymnocephala). •Valid as Ambassis dussumieri Cuvier 1828 -- (Maugé 1986:297 [ref. 6218], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:795 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:104 [ref. 23448], Mishra et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25315], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Skelton 2001:347 [ref. 27406], Anderson & Heemstra 2003:202 [ref. 27368], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:154 [ref. 28072], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:196 [ref. 28107], Allen et al. 2006:971 [ref. 29066], Larson et al. 2013:94 [ref. 32988], Golani & Fricke 2018:60 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis dussumieri Cuvier 1828. Ambassidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Socotra east to Philippines and New Guinea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

elevatus, Ambassis Macleay [W.] 1881:338 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 3); ref. 17577] Endeavour River, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16314-001 [ex MAMU F432] (6). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:206 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Ambassis interruptus Bleeker 1853 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:485 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:165 [ref. 15712]). •Synonym of Ambassis interrupta Bleeker 1853 -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2003:204 [ref. 27368], Allen et al. 2006:971 [ref. 29066]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis interrupta Bleeker 1853. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

elongatus, Pseudoambassis Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:44 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 762] Norman River, Queensland, Australia. Lectotype: MAMU F.431 [larger specimen, 1 of 2]. Paralectotype: MAMU F.431 (1 of 2, smaller specimen). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:100 [ref. 12478], Gill et al. 2018:569 [ref. 36070]. Lectotype selected by Whitley 1935 [ref. 4684], Allen et al. 2006:971 [ref. 29066] mention a lectotype in MAMU. The species name elongatus is an adjective and should be spelled elongata when in Ambassis. •Valid as Ambassis elongata (Castelnau 1878) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:485 [ref. 12442] as elongatus, Allen & Burgess 1990:161 [ref. 15712] as elongatus, Unmack 2001:1062 [ref. 25797] as elongatus, Allen et al. 2002:182 [ref. 25930] as elongatus, Allen et al. 2006:971 [ref. 29066] as elongatus, Pusey et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35250], Gill et al. 2018:568 [ref. 36070] as elongatus). Current status: Valid as Ambassis elongata (Castelnau 1878). Ambassidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

filamentosa, Gymnochanda Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1955:210, Fig. 4 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 25 (dated Dec. 1954); ref. 1498] Singapore. Holotype and paratypes: BMNH 1992.11.23.1-5 (6) Raffles Museum (now mixed with holotype). •Valid as Gymnochanda filamentosa Fraser-Brunner 1955 -- (Roberts 1989:160 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:105 [ref. 23448], Roberts 1995:267 [ref. 22559], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:164 [ref. 28284] as cf, filamentosa, Tan & Lim 2011:61 [ref. 31587], Kottelat 2013:321 [ref. 32989], Tan & Lim 2014:688 [ref. 33503]). Current status: Valid as Gymnochanda filamentosa Fraser-Brunner 1955. Ambassidae. Distribution: Singapore?, Borneo, Sumatra and Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

filamentosa, Gymnochanda Boeseman [M.] 1957:75, Pl. 3 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 35 (no. 7); ref. 487] Singapore. Holotype: RMNH 20902. Paratypes: RMNH 10888 (31). By chance, the exact same genus and species names were given earlier to same species by Fraser-Brunner 1955:210 [ref. 1498]. •Homonym and synonym of Gymnochanda filamentosa Fraser-Brunner 1955 -- (Roberts 1995:267 [ref. 22559], Tan & Lim 2011:61 [ref. 31587], Kottelat 2013:321 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnochanda filamentosa Fraser-Brunner 1955. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

flamea, Gymnochanda Roberts [T. R.] 1995:268, Fig. 1 [Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society v. 42 [1994]; ref. 22559] Danau Sembuluh at Bangkal, Seruyan basin, Kalimantan Tengah, southern Borneo. Syntypes: MNHN 1992-1055 (78, some sent to MZB and USNM); USNM 325094 (8); ZRC 22861-66 (1 ea.). •Valid as Gymnochanda flamea Roberts 1995 -- (Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:164 [ref. 28284] as cf. flammea [= ploegi], Tan & Lim 2011:61 [ref. 31587], Kottelat 2013:321 [ref. 32989], Tan & Lim 2014:688 [ref. 33503]). Current status: Valid as Gymnochanda flamea Roberts 1995. Ambassidae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

flores, Ambassis Popta [C. M. L.] 1918:4 [Zweite Fortsetzung der Beschreibung von neuen Fischarten der Sunda-Expedition; ref. 15101] Ipi River, Flores, Indonesia. Syntypes: (4). •Synonym of Ambassis miops Günther 1872 -- (Kottelat 2013:320 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis miops Günther 1872. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater.

fontoynonti, Ambassis Pellegrin [J.] 1932:425 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 57; ref. 16391] Small stream tributray to Faraony River, Madagascar, elevation 40 meters. Lectotype: MNHN 1932-0175. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1932-0174 and 0176 to 0177 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:70 [ref. 12478]. Lectotype designated by Anderson & Heemstra 2003:203 [ref. 27368]. •Valid as Ambassis fontoynonti Pellegrin 1932 -- (Maugé 1986:298 [ref. 6218], Anderson & Heemstra 2003:203 [ref. 27368], Kottelat 2013:320 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2018:142 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis fontoynonti Pellegrin 1932. Ambassidae. Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar. Freshwater, transitional water. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

gigas, Ambassis Ramsay [E. P.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1886:9 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 14464] Strickland River, New Guinea. Holotype: AMS B.9958. •Synonym of Parambassis gulliveri (Castelnau 1878) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:486 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:192 [ref. 15712], Allen et al. 2006:973 [ref. 29066]). Current status: Synonym of Parambassis gulliveri (Castelnau 1878). Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater.

gruendleri, Ambassis Popta [C. M. L.] 1918:3 [Zweite Fortsetzung der Beschreibung von neuen Fischarten der Sunda-Expedition; ref. 15101] Brang Nee River, Sumbawa Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): SMF 13710. Original name emended to gruendleri, appeared as Gründleri. •Synonym of Ambassis ambassis (Lacepède 1802) -- (Kottelat 2013:319 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis ambassis (Lacepède 1802). Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

gulliveri, Acanthoperca Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:45 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 762] Norman River, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: MAMU F.426 (1), MNHN A-4290 to 4291 (1, 1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:69 [ref. 12478], Gill et al. 2018:569 [ref. 36070]. •Valid as Parambassis gulliveri (Castelnau 1878) -- (Roberts 1978:54 [ref. 8886], Paxton et al. 1989:486 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:192 [ref. 15712], Larson & Martin 1990:42 [ref. 16606], Allen 1991:118 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:94 [ref. 27467], Unmack 2001:1062 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:187 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:973 [ref. 29066], Allen et al. 2008:115 [ref. 30265], Morgan et al. 2011:15 [ref. 31262], Larson et al. 2013:96 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:54 [ref. 35250], Gill et al. 2018:569 [ref. 36070]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis gulliveri (Castelnau 1878). Ambassidae. Distribution: Northern Australia (Queensland to Western Australia) and central-southern New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

gymnocephalus, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1802:181, 216 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Le grand Océan équinoxal or dans les parties de ce grand Océan voisines des tropiques" [Indo-Pacific]. No ypes known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:25, 36 [ref. 21549]. Based on drawing in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). Figured in Lacepède 1801: Pl. 23 (fig. 3) [ref. 2710] but caption regarded as in the vernacular. Neotype designated by Kottelat (2013:319 [ref. 32989]), but here considered as excluded according to ICZN Art. 75.2 as it was not selected in a revisionary study. •Valid as Chanda gymnocephalus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Dor 1984:94 [ref. 29757]). •Nomen dubium -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2003:200 [ref. 27368]). •Valid as Ambassis gymnocephalus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Maugé 1986:297 [ref. 6218], Heemstra & Martin 1986:507 [ref. 6298], Yu & Zhou in Kuang et al. 1986:216 [ref. 26639], Martin & Heemstra 1988:9 [ref. 21758], Paxton et al. 1989:485 [ref. 12442], Zheng 1989:304 [ref. 21202], Allen & Burgess 1990:163 [ref. 15712], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:796 [ref. 20764], Liang in Pan et al. 1991:361 [ref. 23876], Kottelat et al. 1993:105 [ref. 23448], Skelton 1993:347 [ref. 24071], Goren & Dor 1994:24 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:121 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:220 [ref. 27969], Rainboth 1996:181 [ref. 22772], Larson & Williams 1997:354 [ref. 23967], Fricke 1999:172 [ref. 24106], Keith et al. 1999:98 [ref. 24548], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:242 [ref. 24754], Allen 1999:2435 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:73 [ref. 25480], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:185 [ref. 25703], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Seegers et al. 2003:42 [ref. 28087], Shibukawa 2009:78 [ref. 30449], Kottelat 2013:319 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:88 [ref. 34492] as gymnocephala, Pusey et al. 2017:52 [ref. 35250], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:93 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:179 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis gymnocephalus (Lacepède 1802). Ambassidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to Taiwan, south to Cairns (Queensland, Australia). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

honessi, Xenambassis Schultz [L. P.] 1945:118, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 96 (no. 3191); ref. 3962] Either Samboga River or Girua River at Buna (8°45'S, 148°30'E), Papua New Guinea. Holotype: USNM 122830. Paratypes: USNM 122831-32 (3, 2). •Valid as Tetracentrum honessi (Schultz 1945) -- (Allen & Burgess 1990:200 [ref. 15712], Allen 1991:120 [ref. 21090]). Current status: Valid as Tetracentrum honessi (Schultz 1945). Ambassidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

ifflaensis, Cernua Blandowski [W.] 1855:132, Pl. 2 (fig. 6) [Transactions of the Philosophical Institute of Victoria v. 2 (art. 15); ref. 34539] Lower Murray River, South Australia, Australia. No types known. Name not available, as p. 132 and Pl. 2 were omitted from distributed journal copies and reprints by order of the Council, of 7 Apr. 1858, therefore not meeting criteria of publication according to ICZN Art. 8.1.1.; publication disclaimed according to ICZN Art. 8.2. See remarks under ref. 34539; see also Iredale & Whitley 1932 [ref. 2299]. •In the synonymy of Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867. Current status: Synonym of Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867. Ambassidae.

indica, Ambassis McClelland [J.] & Griffith [W.] in McClelland 1842:585 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 2926] Loodianah, India. Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. •Questionably a synonym of Parambassis ranga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Roberts 1995:279 [ref. 22559], Geetakumari 2012:62 [ref. 31985] on Roberts, Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Chanda nama Hamilton 1822 -- (Menon 1999:284 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Parambassis ranga (Hamilton 1822). Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

infuscata, Bogoda Blyth [E.] 1860:139 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Mutla River [? Myanmar]. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Species inquirenda in Ambassis -- (Kottelat 2013:319 [ef. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Ambassis infuscata Blyth 1860. Ambassidae.

interrupta, Ambassis Bleeker [P.] 1853:696 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 16833] Wahai, Ceram and Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: (8) ?BMNH 1880.4.21.96-97 (2), RMNH 5560 (5 largest). The species name interruptus is an adjective and should be spelled interrupta when in Ambassis. •Valid as Ambassis interrupta Bleeker 1853 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:123 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:62 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:485 [ref. 12442], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:484 [ref. 25598], Allen & Burgess 1990:165 [ref. 15712], Allen & Coates 1990:80 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:115 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:796 [ref. 20764], Allen et al. 1992:300 [ref. 21400], Kottelat et al. 1993:105 [ref. 23448] as interrupta, Mohsin & Ambak 1996:221 [ref. 27969], Larson & Williams 1997:354 [ref. 23967], Allen 1997:98 [ref. 23977], Kuo & Shao 1999:401 [ref. 24297], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Allen 1999:2435 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:680 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Sakai et al. 2001:93 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:188 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:680 [ref. 26001], Anderson & Heemstra 2003:204 [ref. 27368], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003: [ref. 27510], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Allen et al. 2006:971 [ref. 29066], Allen et al. 2008:112 [ref. 30265] as interruptus, Shibukawa 2009:79 [ref. 30449] as interruptus, Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Larson et al. 2013:94 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:57 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:88 [ref. 34492], Koeda et al. 2016:24 [ref. 35333], Labatos 2017:4 [ref. 36239], Pusey et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35250], Motomura et al. 2017:77 [ref. 35490], Sulaiman et al. 2018:45 [ref. 35802], Fricke et al. 2019:108 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis interrupta Bleeker 1853. Ambassidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia and Vanuatu. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

jacksoniensis, Pseudoambassis Macleay [W.] 1881:340 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 3); ref. 17577] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16315-001 [ex MAMU F434] (24). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:206 [ref. 19518]. •Valid as Ambassis jacksoniensis (Macleay 1881) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:485 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:167 [ref. 15712], Kuiter 1993:149 [ref. 23929], Allen 1999:2435 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:729 [ref. 25471], Allen et al. 2006:971 [ref. 29066]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis jacksoniensis (Macleay 1881). Ambassidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

klunzingeri, Ambassis Steindachner [F.] 1880:238 [1] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 82 (1. Abth., no. 2); ref. 4230] Tohizona, Madagascar; Red Sea. Syntypes: (several) NMW 10879-80 (1, 1), 34621-24 (1, 1, 1, 1), 41597 (1). Not Red Sea material supposedly misidentified by Bleeker -- (Kottelat 2013:319 [ef. 32989]). •Synonym of Chanda gymnocephalus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Dor 1984:94 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Ambassis gymnocephalus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Maugé 1986:297 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Ambassis ambassis (Lacepède 1802) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2003:201 [ref. 27368], Kottelat 2013:319 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis ambassis (Lacepède 1802). Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kopsii, Ambassis Bleeker [P.] 1858:253 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 15 (no. 1); ref. 16958] Singapore. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Ambassis kopsii Bleeker 1858 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:797 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:105 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:181 [ref. 22772], Allen 1999:2435 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830] as kopsi, Kottelat 2013:320 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:93 [ref. 34464], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2015:34 [ref. 34319]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis kopsii Bleeker 1858. Ambassidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lafa, Ambassis Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:253, Fig. 46 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Near mouth of Vaisigano River, Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51818. Paratypes: AMS I.7377 (3); BPBM 5323 [ex USNM 51818] (1); CAS 79010 [ex IU 10889]; FMNH 4818 (16); MCZ 30282 (14); CAS-SU 8679 (23), 9932 (2); USNM 174744 (11). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:69 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:7 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Ambassis miops Günther 1872 -- (Kuo & Shao 1999:401 [ref. 24297], Kottelat 2013:320 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis miops Günther 1872. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lala, Chanda Hamilton [F.] 1822:114, 371, Pl. 21 (fig. 39) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Gangetic provinces, India. No types known. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 67 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Pseudambassis lala (Hamilton 1822). •Valid as Parambassis lala (Hamilton 1822) -- (Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2015:587 [ref. 34026]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis lala (Hamilton 1822). Ambassidae. Distribution: India, Nepal and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

lalokiensis, Xenambassis Munro [I. S. R.] 1964:172, Fig. 15 [Papua New Guinea Agricultural Journal v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 3058] Sapphire Creek, Laloki River, Papua New Guinea. Holotype (unique): CSIRO A 2126. •Synonym of Tetracentrum apogonoides Macleay 1883 -- (Allen & Burgess 1990:196 [ref. 15712], Allen 1991:119 [ref. 21090]). Current status: Synonym of Tetracentrum apogonoides Macleay 1883. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater.

lata, Equula (Hamiltonia) Swainson [W.] 1839:250 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Based on Ham. fig. 37 -- which is Hamilton 1822: Pl. 39 (fig. 37) [ref. 2031], but fig. 37 was also named Hamiltonia ovata by Swainson unless Swainson meant Fig. 38 (on pl. 16) which is Chanda lala. •Synonym of Parambassis lala (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Parambassis lala (Hamilton 1822). Ambassidae.

limi, Gymnochanda Kottelat [M.] 1995:56, Figs. 1-2 [Cybium v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 22073] Oxbow Lake, Batang hari basin, Jambi Province, 1°05'S, 102°07'E, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZRC 37717 [ex CMK 9697]. •Valid as Gymnochanda limi Kottelat 1995 -- (Tan & Lim 2011:61 [ref. 31587], Kottelat 2013:321 [ref. 32989], Tan & Lim 2014:688 [ref. 33503]). Current status: Valid as Gymnochanda limi Kottelat 1995. Ambassidae. Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

lungi, Priopis Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1907:18, Fig. 6 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 26 (Doc. 606) (for 1906); ref. 2498] Cavite, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 53066. Paratypes: CAS-SU 9242 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:69 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Ambassis urotaenia Bleeker 1852 -- (Kottelat 2013:321 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis urotaenia Bleeker 1852. Ambassidae.

macleayi, Pseudoambassis Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:43 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 762] Norman River, Queensland, Australia. Lectotype: MAMU F.433 [largest specimen, 1 of 3]. Paralectotypes: MAMU F.433 (2 of 3). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:100 [ref. 12478], Gill et al. 2018:568 [ref. 36070]. Lectotype selected by Whitley 1935:358 [ref. 4684], but Allen & Burgess were unable to locate it. •Valid as Ambassis macleayi (Castelnau 1878) -- (Roberts 1978:54 [ref. 8886], Paxton et al. 1989:485 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:169 [ref. 15712], Allen & Leggett 1990:536 [ref. 20887], Larson & Martin 1990:38 [ref. 16606], Allen 1991:115 [ref. 21090], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Unmack 2001:1062 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:183 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:972 [ref. 29066], Allen et al. 2008:113 [ref. 30265], Morgan et al. 2011:14 [ref. 31262], Larson et al. 2013:95 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:50 [ref. 35250], Gill et al. 2018:567 [ref. 36070]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis macleayi (Castelnau 1878). Ambassidae. Distribution: Northern and western Australia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

macracanthus, Ambassis Bleeker [P.] 1849:30 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [13]; ref. 318] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: ?RMNH 5560 (1 or more of 6). •Valid as Ambassis macracanthus Bleeker 1849 -- (Allen & Burgess 1990:171 [ref. 15712], Allen 1991:116 [ref. 21090], Kottelat et al. 1993:105 [ref. 23448], Allen 1999:2435 [ref. 24812], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:196 [ref. 28107], Shibukawa 2009:79 [ref. 30449], Kottelat 2013:320 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:57 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis macracanthus Bleeker 1849. Ambassidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea east to Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

macrolepis, Bogoda Bleeker [P.] 1856:13 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 2; ref. 13960] Kapuas River near Pontianak, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5564. Spelled microlepis by some early authors. •Valid as Parambassis macrolepis (Bleeker 1856) -- (Roberts 1989:162 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:106 [ref. 23448], Roberts 1995:276 [ref. 22559], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:164 [ref. 28284], Geetakumari 2012:62 [ref. 31985], Geetakumari & Basudha 2012:3227 [ref. 32279], Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2015:587 [ref. 34026]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis macrolepis (Bleeker 1856). Ambassidae. Distribution: Myanmar, Sumatra and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

malabaricus, Ambassis (Ambassis) Valenciennes [A.] in Jerdon 1849:140 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 1) (no. 34) (art. 2); ref. 2346] Ambassidae.

marianus, Ambassis Günther [A.] 1880:32 [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Mary River near Tiaro, Queensland, Australia. Lectotype: BMNH 1879.5.14.167-172 (largest of 3). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1879.5.14.167-172 (2 of 3, not the largest), NMI block reg. no. 114.1899 (3). Type catalog: Wheeler & O'Riordan 1969:97 [ref. 20752]. Wheeler & O'Riordan 1969:97 [ref. 20752] regard the use of "holotype" by Fraser-Brunner 1955:201 as designation of a lectotype -- technically that is not so; lectotype established by Wheeler & O'Riordan 1969:97 [ref. 20752]. •Valid as Ambassis marianus Günther 1880 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:485 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:173 [ref. 15712], Kuiter 1993:149 [ref. 23929], Allen in McDowall 1996:148 [ref. 22909], Allen 1999:2435 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:729 [ref. 25471], Allen et al. 2006:972 [ref. 29066]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis marianus Günther 1880. Ambassidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

microlepis, Ambassis (Bogoda) Martens [E. von] 1868:9 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 34 (pt. 1); ref. 14097] [Danau-Striang, Borno.] Unjustified emendation of Bogoda macrolepis Bleeker 1856 -- (Roberts 1989:162 [ref. 6439]). Unnessary replacment name for Bogota macrolepis (Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Parambassis macrolepis (Bleeker 1856) -- (Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Parambassis macrolepis (Bleeker 1856). Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater.

microlepis, Parambassis Bleeker [P.] 1874:104 [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 3) v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 438] Unnecessary replacement name for Botodi macrolepis Bleeker 1856. Junior secondary homonym of Ambassis microlepis Martins 1868 (Kottelat 2013). •Synonym of Parambassis macrolepis (Bleeker 1856) -- (Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Parambassis macrolepis (Bleeker 1856). Ambassidae.

miops, Ambassis Günther [A.] 1872:655 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] Rarotonga Island, Cook Islands. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1871.9.13.217 [?2177]. •Valid as Ambassis miops Günther 1872 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:123 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:485 [ref. 12442], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:484 [ref. 25598], Allen & Burgess 1990:175 [ref. 15712], Allen 1991:116 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:797 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:105 [ref. 23448], Kuo & Shao 1999:401 [ref. 24297], Allen 1999:2435 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:681 [ref. 25086], Doi et al. 2001:16 [ref. 25691], Sakai et al. 2001:93 [ref. 25693], Unmack 2001:1062 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:184 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:681 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:196 [ref. 28107], Allen et al. 2006:972 [ref. 29066], Motomura et al. 2010:94 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Kottelat 2013:320 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:57 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:88 [ref. 34492], Koeda et al. 2016:24 [ref. 35333], Pusey et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35250], Motomura et al. 2017:78 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2019:109 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis miops Günther 1872. Ambassidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India east to Philippines and Samoa, north to southern Japan, northeast Australia, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

muelleri, Ambassis Klunzinger [C. B.] 1880:346 [22], Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 80 (1. Abth.) (nos 3-4); ref. 2624] Murray River, South Australia [not Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia]. Syntypes: (4) AMS I.19301-001 (1), SMNS 1693 (1). Type and locality information: Fricke 1992:8 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:11 [ref. 29864]. On p. 22 of separate. •Valid as Ambassis muelleri Klunzinger 1880 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:486 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:177 [ref. 15712] and Allen & Leggett 1990:537 [ref. 20887] as mulleri, Unmack 2001:1062 [ref. 25797] as mulleri, Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847]). •Synonym of Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867 -- (Allen et al. 2006:970 [ref. 29066], Morgan et al. 2011:15 [ref. 31262]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867. Ambassidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

nalua, Chanda Hamilton [F.] 1822:107, 371, Pl. 6 (fig. 36) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Fresh waters of lower Bengal. Syntypes: BMNH 1858.8.15.123 (2). Spelled natua on plate. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 61 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Ambassis nalua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:62 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:486 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:179 [ref. 15712], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:798 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:105 [ref. 23448], Larson & Williams 1997:354 [ref. 23967], Allen 1997:98 [ref. 23977], Allen 1999:2435 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Heemstra 2003:205 [ref. 27368], Allen et al. 2006:972 [ref. 29066], Shibukawa 2009:79 [ref. 30449], Larson et al. 2013:95 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:320 [ref. 32989], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2015:35 [ref. 34319], Pusey et al. 2017:52 [ref. 35250], Motomura et al. 2017:78 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis nalua (Hamilton 1822). Ambassidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India to Philippines and New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

nama, Chanda Hamilton [F.] 1822:109, 371, Pl. 39 (fig. 37) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ponds throughout Bengal, India. No types known. Placed on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology, name no. 2655. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 62 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Chanda nama Hamilton 1822 -- (Shrestha 1978:40 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:339 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:799 [ref. 20764], Singh & Yazdani 1993:200 [ref. 24022], Roberts 1995:265 [ref. 22559], Indra 1994:422 [ref. 24015], Sen 1995:584 [ref. 23778], Banik & Choudhury 1996:579 [ref. 24736], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:157 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi et al. 1999:162 [ref. 24758], Sen 1999:202 [ref. 24750], Menon 1999:283 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:326 [ref. 25220], Karmakar 2000:34 [ref. 25662], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:51 [ref. 26359], Rafique et al. 2003:98 [ref. 27173] as Channa, Mirza 2003:23 [ref. 27265], Khan 2003:8 [ref. 27710], Yadav 2003:24 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:369 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:214 [ref. 29923], Geetakumari 2012:59 [ref. 31985], Geetakumari & Basudha 2012:3227 [ref. 32279], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Kottelat 2013:321 [ref. 32989], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Suresh et al. 2018:180 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Chanda nama Hamilton 1822. Ambassidae. Distribution: Asia: Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

natalensis, Ambassis Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:148 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2); ref. 14320] Inner harbor, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: (numerous) AMS IA.6944-45 (1, 5); BMNH 1927.12.6.26-29 [ex SAM] (4); SAM 9887 + 11665 (83), 22081 (1). •Valid as Ambassis natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson 1908 -- (Heemstra & Martin 1986:507 [ref. 6298], Maugé 1986:298 [ref. 6218], Martin & Heemstra 1988:9 [ref. 21758], Skelton 1993:348 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:348 [ref. 27406], Anderson & Heemstra 2003:205 [ref. 27368], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:154 [ref. 28072], Fricke 2008:26 [ref. 30182], Fricke et al. 2009:42 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:142 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:9 [ref. 36883]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson 1908. Ambassidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Philippines, north to China and Taiwan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nigripinnis, Priopis Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:12 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 23; ref. 3288] Kilcoy Creek, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): not found at QM. •Synonym of Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:484 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:970 [ref. 29066]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigripinnis, Pseudambassis De Vis [C. W.] 1884:393 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Brisbane River, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.396 (3), QM I.92 (1some or all of 12). •Synonym of Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:484 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:152 [ref. 15712], Allen et al. 2006:970 [ref. 29066]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater.

notatus, Ambassis Blyth [E.] 1860:138 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Sitang River at Pegu, Myanmar. Lectotype: ZSI F 7697/2 [ex ASB 28]. Paralectotypes: ZSI F7697/2 (4). Lectotype selected by Guha & Talwar 1983:16 [ref. 22761]. •Valid as Pseudambassis notatus (Blyth 1860) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:805 [ref. 20764], Datta & Chaudhuri 1993:2 [ref. 21980]). •Synonym of Parambassis ranga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Roberts 1995:279 [ref. 22559]). •Valid as Parambassis notatus (Blyth 1860) -- (Rainboth 1996:182 [ref. 22772]). •Questionably valid as Parambassis ranga (Hmiilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis notatus (Blyth 1860). Ambassidae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

oblonga, Ambassis Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:185 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Bengal, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-2952. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:70 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Chanda nama Hamilton 1822 -- (Roberts 1995:266 [ref. 22559], Menon 1999:284 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Chanda nama Hamilton 1822. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

occidentalis, Ambassis confinis Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1929:420 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 5; ref. 16063] River near Njao; Sermowai River; mountain stream near Pioniersbivak on Memberamo River, New Guinea. Syntypes: ZMA 109467 (2), 109469 (2), 112399 (5). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:84 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Parambassis confinis (Weber 1913) -- (Allen & Burgess 1990:190 [ref. 15712]). Current status: Synonym of Parambassis confinis (Weber 1913). Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater.

olivaceus, Priopis Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:11 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 23; ref. 3288] Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.1588 [ex AFAQ 463]. •Synonym of Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:484 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:152 [ref. 15712], Allen et al. 2006:970 [ref. 29066]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater.

ovata, Equula (Hamiltonia) Swainson [W.] 1839:250 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Based on Ham. fig. 37 -- which is Hamilton 1822:Pl. 39 (fig. 37). Unneeded new name for Chanda nama Hamilton 1822. Not available, on Official Index (Opinion 1121). •In the synonymy of Chanda nama Hamilton 1822 -- (Roberts 1995:266 [ref. 22559], Kottelat 2013:321 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Chanda nama Hamilton 1822. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

pallidus, Pseudambassis De Vis [C. W.] 1884:393 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Queensland, Australia. Lectotype: QM I.5134. Lectotype listed by Allen & Burgess 1990:157 [ref. 15712]. •Synonym of Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867 -- (Allen & Burgess 1990:152 [ref. 15712], Allen et al. 2006:970 [ref. 29066]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater.

papuensis, Ambassis Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:266, Pl. 5 (fig. 4) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Southern shore of Hall Sound, Central Province, Papua New Guinea. Lectotype: AMS I.16317-001 [ex. MAMU F438]. Paralectotypes: AMS I.37833-001 [ex I.16317-001 and MAMU F438] (1). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:206 [ref. 19518]. Lectotype selected by Whitley 1935:362 [ref. 4684]. •Synonym of Ambassis urotaenia Bleeker 1852 -- (Allen & Burgess 1990:180 [ref. 15712], Allen 1991:116 [ref. 21090], Anderson & Heemstra 2003:206 [ref. 27368], Kottelat 2013:321 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis urotaenia Bleeker 1852. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

phula, Chanda Hamilton [F.] 1822:111, 371 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Brahmaputra River at Gualpara [Goalpara],Assam, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:40 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 63 [ref. 37532]. •Synonym of Chanda nama Hamilton 1822 -- (Roberts 1995:266 [ref. 22559], Menon 1999:283 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:321 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Chanda nama Hamilton 1822. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

phulchanda, Centropomus Hamilton [F.] in Day 1875:50 [The fishes of India Part 1; ref. 1080] Manuscript name mentioned in passing; not available. Ambassidae.

piratica, Paradoxodacna Roberts [T. R.] 1989:160, Fig. 126 [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences No. 14; ref. 6439] Kapuas mainstream and mouth of Sungai Sekayam at Sanggau, 0°17"N, 110°35"E, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 3762. Paratypes: BMNH 1982.3.29.204 (1); CAS 49438-40 (1, 1, 3); MNHN 1891-0581 and 0582 (1, 1), 1891-0585 (1); MZB 3763-66 (1, 1, 1, 1); RMNH 7890 (1); USNM 230316 (3); ZMA 112376 (1). •Valid as Paradoxodacna piratica Roberts 1989 -- (Roberts 1995:271 [ref. 22559], Kottelat et al. 1993:105 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:164 [ref. 28284], Kottelat 2013:321 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Paradoxodacna piratica Roberts 1989. Ambassidae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

ploegi, Gymnochanda Tan [H. H.] & Lim [K. K. P.] 2014:689, Figs. 1, 2B-2C, 3 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 62; ref. 33503] Sanggau area, West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 17220. Paratypes: CMK 10234 (1), 25256 (6); MZB 17221 (1); ZRC 54552 (24). •Valid as Gymnochanda ploegi Tan & Lim 2014. Current status: Valid as Gymnochanda ploegi Tan & Lim 2014. Ambassidae. Distribution: West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

productus, Ambassis Guichenot [A.] 1866:130 [Mémoires de la Société Impériale des Sciences Naturelles de Cherbourg v. 12 (= Ser. 2, v. 2); ref. 14054] Madagascar. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-4173. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:70 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Ambassis gymnocephalus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Maugé 1986:297 [ref. 6218]). •Valid as Ambassis productus Guichenot 1866 -- (Heemstra & Martin 1986:508 [ref. 6298], Martin & Heemstra 1988:10 [ref. 21758], Skelton 1993:349 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:349 [ref. 27406] as producta). •Synonym of Ambassis ambassis (Lacepède 1802) -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2003:201 [ref. 27368], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:154 [ref. 28072], Kottelat 2013:319 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis ambassis (Lacepède 1802). Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pulcinella, Parambassis Kottelat [M.] 2003:10, Figs. 1-2, 6-7 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 14 (no. 1); ref. 26756] Stream "Chon Son" between Kyondaw and Phadaw, about 20 kilometers northwest of Payathouzu, at border with Thailand, about 15°25'N, 98°15'E, Kayin [Karen] State, Myanmar. Holotype: MHNG 2640.23. Paratypes: CMK 17517 (2), 17766 (2); MHNG 2640.24 (2); NIFI 3160 (2); ZRC 47722 (2). •Valid as Parambassis pulcinella Kottelat 2003 -- (Geetakumari 2012:62 [ref. 31985], Geetakumari & Basudha 2012:3227 [ref. 32279], Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2015:588 [ref. 34026]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis pulcinella Kottelat 2003. Ambassidae. Distribution: Ataran basin, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

punctulata, Chanda Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1955:206, Fig. 3 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 25 (dated Dec. 1954); ref. 1498] Tasek Bera, Pahang, Malaysia. Holotype: BMNH 1031.7.20.56 (35 mm SL). Paratypes: (15 + 1) BMNH 1931.7.20.56-65 (14). •Valid as Parambassis punctulata (Fraser-Brunner 1955) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:106 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Parambassis siamensis (Fowler 1937) -- (Roberts 1995:281 [ref. 22559], Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Parambassis siamensis (Fowler 1937). Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater.

ramsayi, Pseudoambassis Macleay [W.] 1881:340 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 3); ref. 17577] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16316-001 [ex MAMU F436]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:206 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Ambassis marianus Günther 1880 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:485 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:173 [ref. 15712], Allen et al. 2006:972 [ref. 29066]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis marianus Günther 1880. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

ranga, Chanda Hamilton [F.] 1822:113, 371, Pl. 16 (fig. 38) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Gangetic provinces, India. No types known. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 66 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Chanda ranga Hamilton 1822 -- (Shrestha 1978:40 [ref. 15970], Banik & Choudhury 1996:579 [ref. 24736], Ataur Rahman 1989:340 [ref. 24860], Rema Devi et al. 1999:162 [ref. 24758], Rafique 2000:326 [ref. 25220]). •Valid as Pseudambassis ranga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:805 [ref. 20764], Datta & Chaudhuri 1993:4 [ref. 21980], Sen 1995:585 [ref. 23778], Arunachalam & Sankaranarayanan 1999:336 [ref. 24216], Menon 1999:285 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:35 [ref. 25662], Arunachalam et al. 2001:129 [ref. 25692], Yadav 2003:24 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:371 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:215 [ref. 29923], Conway et al. 2011:1756 [ref. 31594]). •Valid as Parambassis ranga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Roberts 1995:279 [ref. 22559], Musikasinthorn 1998:203 [ref. 23882], Rafique et al. 2003:98 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:23 [ref. 27265], Geetakumari 2012:59 [ref. 31985], Geetakumari & Basudha 2012:3327 [ref. 32278], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2015:587 [ref. 34026], Suresh et al. 2018:181 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis ranga (Hamilton 1822). Ambassidae. Distribution: Asia: Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

reticulatus, Ambassis interrupta var. Weber [M.] 1913:574 [Süsswasserfische aus Niederländisch Süd- und Nord-Neu-Guinea v. 9 (livr. 4); ref. 4603] Merauke, Bivak Island, Sabang, Alkmaar, River-kamp, and Verlaten Bocht. New Guinea. Syntypes: RMNH 10877 [ex ZMA] (3); ZMA 112388-93 (5, 11, 2, 3, 34, 5). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:84 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Ambassis agrammus Günther 1867 -- (Allen & Burgess 1990:157 [ref. 15712], Allen 1991:115 [ref. 21090]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis agrammus Günther 1867. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater.

roberti, Pseudambassis Datta [N. C.] & Chaudhuri [S.] 1993:1, Fig. 1 [India Biologist v. 25 (no. 1); ref. 21980] Lake Indawgyi, Myanmar. Holotype: ZSI F 7898/2. Paratypes: ZSI F 7899/2 (4). Incorrect original spelling, named for T. R. Roberts' name must be emended to robertsi. •Valid as Pseudambassis roberti Datta & Chaudhuri 1993 -- (Geetakumari 2012:62 [ref. 31985]). •Valid as Parambassis robertsi (Datta & Chaudhur 1993) -- (Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis robertsi (Datta & Chaudhuri 1993). Ambassidae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

robustus, Ambassis Günther [A.] (ex Schlegel) 1859:222 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Borneo. Syntypes: BMNH 2012.11.1.2 (1), ZMB 85 (1). •Synonym of Parambassis wolffii (Bleeker 1850) -- (Roberts 1989:162 [ref. 6439], Roberts 1995:281 [ref. 22559], Kottelat 2013:323 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Parambassis wolffii (Bleeker 1850). Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater.

roseus, Apogon Fischer [J. G.] 1885:66 [Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten v. 2; ref. 18083] Coast of Mozambique. Holotype (unique): ZMH 3432. •Synonym of Ambassis gymnocephalus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Maugé 1986:297 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Ambassis ambassis (Lacepède 1802) -- (Kottelat 2013:319 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis ambassis (Lacepède 1802). Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

safgha, Sciaena Fabricius [J. C.] (ex Forsskål) in Niebuhr 1775:53, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] [No locality stated] Red Sea. No types known. Originally listed as Sciaena safgha in the index (p. xii), but as Sciaena sp. with vernacular Arabic name 'Safgha' on p. 53; both are linked together by the species code ‘67’; the name Sciaena safgha (with author as Fabricius) is not available from the text, but would be available by indication (ICZN, Art. 12.2.2) from the index (see Fricke 2008:26 [ref. 29757]). Spelled safga in Lacepède 1802:256 [ref. 4929]. Rarely used senior synonym of Ambassis natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson 1908, which latter name is here retained to preserve the name of prevailing usage. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:26 [ref. 30182]. •Valid as Sciaena safgha Forsskål 1775 -- (Dor 1984:94 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:24 [ref. 25356]). •Status uncertain -- (Martin & Heemstra 1988:11 [ref. 21758]). •Synonym of Ambassis natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson 1908 -- (Anderson & Heemstra 2003:205 [ref. 27368], Fricke 2008:26 [ref. 29757]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson 1908. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

serrata, Parambassis Mayanglambam [D.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2015:584, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 4040 (no. 5); ref. 34026] Kolo River, Kaladan drainage, Lawngtlai District, Mizoram, India, 22°22’42"N, 92°59’56"E, elevation 325 meters. Holotype: MUMF 27381. Paratypes: MUMF. •Valid as Parambassis serrata Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2015. Current status: Valid as Parambassis serrata Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2015. Ambassidae. Distribution: Kolo River, Kawlchaw, Lawngtlai District, Mizoram, India. Habitat: freshwater.

siamensis, Chanda Fowler [H. W.] 1937:230, Fig. 228 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Bangkok, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68233. Paratypes: ANSP 68234-41 (8), USNM 118116 [ex ANSP 68242-43] (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:39 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Parambassis notatus (Blyth 1860) -- (Rainboth 1996:182 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Parambassis siamensis (Fowler 1937) -- (Roberts 1995:281 [ref. 22559], Kottelat 1998:109 [ref. 23436], Freyhof et al. 2000:97 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:149 [ref. 25780], Okutsu et al. 2011:98 [ref. 31412], Geetakumari 2012:62 [ref. 31985], Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:47 [ref. 33971], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2015:588 [ref. 34026], Ng et al. 2019:538 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis siamensis (Fowler 1937). Ambassidae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam; introduced in Singapore and Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

simoni, Xenambassis Schultz [L. P.] 1945:120, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 96 (no. 3191); ref. 3962] Either Samboga River or Girua River at Buna (8°45'S, 148°30'E), New Guinea. Holotype: USNM 122828. Paratypes: USNM 122829 (1). •Synonym of Tetracentrum caudovittatus (Norman 1935) -- (Allen & Burgess 1990:198 [ref. 15712], Allen 1991:120 [ref. 21090]). Current status: Synonym of Tetracentrum caudovittatus (Norman 1935). Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater.

telkara, Ambassis Whitley [G. P.] 1935:349, Fig. 2 [Records of the South Australian Museum (Adelaide) v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 4684] Bathurst Head, northern Queensland, Australia. Holotype: SAMA F1793. Paratypes: AMS IA.6046 (6), SAMA F1794 (27). Type catalog: Glover 1976:172 [ref. 19449] lists holotype SAMA F1793, with remarks that 27 specimens registered SAMA F1794 which probably constitute paratypes. Holotype established in caption to Fig. 2. •Synonym of Ambassis vachellii Richardson 1846 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:486 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:182 [ref. 15712], Allen et al. 2006:973 [ref. 29066], Kottelat 2013:321 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis vachellii Richardson 1846. Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tenasserimensis, Parambassis Roberts [T. R.] 1995:283, Fig. 8 [Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society v. 42 [1994]; ref. 22559] Tapoleh Kloh, Tenasserim basin, southern Myanmar. Holotype: CAS 79082. Paratypes: BMNH 1992.11.16.14-15 (2); CAS 79083 (4), 81657 (1). See Parambassis alleni Datta & Chaudhuri 1993. •Synonym of Parambassis alleni (Datta & Chaudhuri 1993) -- (Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Parambassis tenasserimensis Roberts 1995 -- (Kottelat 2003:16 [ref. 26756], Geetakumari 2012:62 [ref. 31985], Geetakumari & Basudha 2012:3227 [ref. 32279] as T. tenneserimensus, Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2015:587 [ref. 34026] as tennasserimensis). Current status: Valid as Parambassis tenasserimensis Roberts 1995. Ambassidae. Distribution: Tenasserim River basin, Myanmar, India. Habitat: freshwater.

thermalis, Ambassis Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:493 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Cania, Sri Lanka. Holotype: MNHN 0000-9163. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:71 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Ambassis thermalis Cuvier 1829. Current status: Valid as Ambassis thermalis Cuvier 1829. Ambassidae. Distribution: Sri Lanka. Habitat: brackish, marine.

thomassi, Ambassis Day [F.] 1870:369 [1] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1870 (pt 2) (art. 3) (for 26 May 1870); ref. 17369] Calicut and Mangalore, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS I.139 (1); BMNH 1870.5.2.2-3 (2) Wynaad, 1970.9.30.17 (1); MCZ 4310 (1) Canara; MNHN 0000-9358 [or 9858] (1); ZMB 8985 (1); ZSI 818-23 (6), 1886 (1), A.30 (1, lost), A.42 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:71 [ref. 12478], Ferraris et al. 2000:303 [ref. 25110]. On p. 1 of separate. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Valid as Parambassis thomassi (Day 1870) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:802 [ref. 20764], Roberts 1995:285 [ref. 22559], Rema Devi et al. 1996:142 [ref. 24021], Menon 1999:287 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:51 [ref. 26359], Geetakumari 2012:62 [ref. 31985], Geetakumari & Basudha 2012:3327 [ref. 32278], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2015:587 [ref. 34026] as thomasi). Current status: Valid as Parambassis thomassi (Day 1870). Ambassidae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

urotaenia, Ambassis Bleeker [P.] 1852:257 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 16825] Ambon, Wahai, and Ceram, Indonesia. Syntypes: (6) RMNH 5556 (6 of 24). •Valid as Ambassis urotaenia Bleeker 1852 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:123 [ref. 6441], Maugé 1986:298 [ref. 6218], Allen & Burgess 1990:180 [ref. 15712], Allen 1991:116 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:799 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:105 [ref. 23448], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:279 [ref. 24014], Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Allen 1999:2435 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:680 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:73 [ref. 25480], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:180 [ref. 27511], Sakai et al. 2001:93 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:680 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830], Anderson & Heemstra 2003:206 [ref. 27368], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:45 [ref. 27510], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Adrim et al. 2004:119 [ref. 27715], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:196 [ref. 28107], Shibukawa 2009:80 [ref. 30449], Motomura et al. 2010:94 [ref. 31256], Kottelat 2013:321 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:88 [ref. 34492], Koeda et al. 2016:24 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:143 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:60 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis urotaenia Bleeker 1852. Ambassidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: South and East Africa and Madagascar east to Micronesia and Fiji, north to southern Japan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vachellii, Ambassis Richardson [J.] 1846:221 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Ambassis vachellii Richardson 1846 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:62 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:486 [ref. 12442], Allen & Burgess 1990:182 [ref. 15712], Allen 1991:117 [ref. 21090], Kottelat et al. 1993:105 [ref. 23448], Larson & Williams 1997:354 [ref. 23967] as vachelli, Allen 1997:98 [ref. 23977] as vachelli, Allen 1999:2435 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Kottelat 2001:58 [ref. 25482], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:189 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:972 [ref. 29066], Shibukawa 2009:80 [ref. 30449], Larson et al. 2013:95 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:321 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:94 [ref. 34464], Miesen et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34492], Pusey et al. 2017:52 [ref. 35250], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:93 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Ambassis vachellii Richardson 1846. Ambassidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vaivasensis, Ambassis Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:254, Fig. 47 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Vaivase River, Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51819 (1 of 20). Paratypes: AMS I.7376 (2); ANSP 140574 (4); BPBM 3919 [ex ANSP 31379] (2), 5324 [ex USNM 51819] (2); FMNH 4817 (3); MCZ 30228 (4); CAS-SU 8682 (18); USNM 51819 (19 of 20), 174745 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:69 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:7 [ref. 12367], Böhlke 1984:39 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Ambassis macracanthus Bleeker 1849 -- (Kottelat 2013:320 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ambassis macracanthus Bleeker 1849. Ambassidae.

valenciennii, Ambassis Vaillant [L. L.] 1877:34 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (6th Série) v. 12 [1875]; ref. 17849] Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9351 (3) Alipay, Malabar coast, India. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:71 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Parambassis dayi (Bleeker 1874) -- (Roberts 1995:274 [ref. 22559]). Current status: Synonym of Parambassis dayi (Bleeker 1874). Ambassidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

verae, Gymnochanda Tan [H. H.] & Lim [K. K. P.] 2011:56, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 3085; ref. 31587] Gantung area of Palau Belitung Island, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 17200. Paratypes: MZB 17201 (3), ZRC 53122 (30), CMK 22378 (7). Plus specimens shown in Fig. 1 that were not preserved. •Valid as Gymnochanda verae Tan & Lim 2011 -- (Kottelat 2013:321 [ref. 32989], Tan & Lim 2014:688 [ref. 33503]). Current status: Valid as Gymnochanda verae Tan & Lim 2011. Ambassidae. Distribution: Palau Belitung, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

vollmeri, Parambassis Roberts [T. R.] 1995:286, Fig. 9 [Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society v. 42 [1994]; ref. 22559] Rapids in Menam Moei at kilometer 129 north of Me Sot on highway 1085, Salween basin, Thailand. Holotype: CAS 79220. Paratypes: CAS 79073-75 (3, 70, 139), 79221 (1), 81658-59 (3, 14); ZMA 120862 (3). •Valid as Parambassis vollmeri Roberts 1995 -- (Kottelat 2003:14 [ref. 26756], Geetakumari 2012:62 [ref. 31985]. Geetakumari & Basudha 2012:3227 [ref. 32279], Geetakumari & Basudha 2012:3227 [ref. 32279], Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2015:588 [ref. 34026]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis vollmeri Roberts 1995. Ambassidae. Distribution: Thailand and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

waikhomi, Parambassis Geetakumari [K.] & Basudha [C.] 2012:3328, Fig. 1-2; Image 1 [Journal of Threatened Taxa v. 4 (no. 14); ref. 32278] Chindwin basin, Loktak Lake, Manipur State, India, 24°33’29"N, 93°48’58"E. Holotype: RCMMF 19.xi.2011. Paratypes: RCMMF 2-17 (16), 18-20 (3). •Valid as Parambassis waikhomi Geetakumari & Basudha 2012 -- (Kottelat 2013:322 [ref. 32989] and should be comparied with P. siamensis, Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2015:587 [ref. 34026]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis waikhomi Geetakumari & Basudha 2012. Ambassidae. Distribution: Loktak Lake, India. Habitat: freshwater.

wilkiensis, Cernua Blandowski [W.] 1855:132, Pl. 2 (fig. 7) [Transactions of the Philosophical Institute of Victoria v. 2 (art. 15); ref. 34539] Lower Murray River, South Australia, Australia. No types known. Described as questionable new species. Name not available, as p. 132 and Pl. 2 were omitted from distributed journal copies and reprints by order of the Council, of 7 Apr. 1858, therefore not meeting criteria of publication according to ICZN Art. 8.1.1.; publication disclaimed according to ICZN Art. 8.2. See remarks under ref. 34539; see also Iredale & Whitley 1932 [ref. 2299]. •In the synonymy of Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867. Current status: Synonym of Ambassis agassizii Steindachner 1867. Ambassidae.

wolffii, Ambassis Bleeker [P.] 1850:9 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 16884] Bandjarmasin, Borneo, Indonesia. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1880.4.21.92-93 (2?). •Valid as Parambassis wolffii (Bleeker 1850) [often as wolffi] -- (Roberts 1989:162 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:106 [ref. 23448], Roberts 1995:287 [ref. 22559], Kottelat & Lim 1995:245 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:182 [ref. 22772], Freyhof et al. 2000:97 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:149 [ref. 25780], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:164 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:193 [ref. 28285], Geetakumari 2012:62 [ref. 31985], Geetakumari & Basudha 2012:3227 [ref. 32279], Kottelat 2013:323 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:94 [ref. 34464], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2015:587 [ref. 34026], Sulaiman et al. 2018:36 [ref. 35802]). Current status: Valid as Parambassis wolffii (Bleeker 1850). Ambassidae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.