Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 6 May 2019

SEARCH RESULTS FROM

Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
Select the database to search:
GENERA   SPECIES   REFERENCES
Include unavailable names

         Comments: ,

    Please look in Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes for authorships of sections, Families of Fishes (all), and related information.

Species in the family or subfamily Ammodytidae: [ 45 ] records


alascanus, Ammodytes Cope [E. D.] 1873:30 [7] [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 13 (for 17 Jan. 1873); ref. 929] Sitka, Alaska, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 8956-57 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:18 [ref. 13621]. On p. 7 of separate. •Synonym of Ammodytes hexapterus Pallas 1814 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:199 [ref. 7348]). •Synonym of Ammodytes personatus Girard 1856 -- (Orr et al. 2015:144 [ref. 33719]). Current status: Synonym of Ammodytes personatus Girard 1856. Ammodytidae. Habitat: marine.

aleutensis, Ammodytes Duncker [G.] & Mohr [E.] 1939:20 [Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin v. 24 (no. 1); ref. 1158] Otako, Hokkaido, Japan. Lectotype: ZMH H139 [ex 17753]. Paralectotypes: ZMH H140 (1), H141 (6). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:407 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. Type catalog and lectotype designation: Ladiges et al. 1958:165 [ref. 19181]. Original as alëutensis. •Synonym of Ammodytes hexapterus Pallas 1814 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:198 [ref. 7348]). •Most paralectotypes are this species -- (Orr et al. 2015:144 [ref. 33719]). •The lectotype and one paralectype [H140] are thought to be A. japonicus -- (Orr et al. 2015:147 [ref. 33719]). Current status: Synonym of Ammodytes japonicus Duncker & Mohr 1939. Ammodytidae. Habitat: marine.

alliciens, Ammodytes Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:273, Pl. 8 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Sweden, Denmark, England, Germany, and France. Unnecessary replacement name for Ammodytes tobianus Linnaeus 1758. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:134, 135 [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Ammodytes tobianus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1973:446 [ref. 7190]). Current status: Synonym of Ammodytes tobianus Linnaeus 1758. Ammodytidae. Habitat: marine.

americanus, Ammodytes DeKay [J. E.] 1842:317, Pl. 52 (fig. 167) [Zoology of New-York; ref. 1098] Stratford, Connecticut; New York, U.S.A. Syntypes: (whereabouts unknown). •Valid as Ammodytes americanus DeKay 1842 -- (Smith 1986:441 [ref. 22186], Scott & Scott 1988:439 [ref. 25518], Nizinski et al. 1990:248 [ref. 16687], Murdy et al. 1997:157 [ref. 23144], Nizinski in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:498 [ref. 26158], Nelson et al. 2004:161 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:166 [ref. 32708], Turanov & Kartavtsev 2014:451 [ref. 34455], Orr et al. 2015:155 [ref. 33719], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:410 [ref. 36370] see remarks). Current status: Valid as Ammodytes americanus DeKay 1842. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic and adjacent Arctic Region. Habitat: marine.

argenteus, Ammodytes Risso [A.] 1827:209 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. •Synonym of Gymnammodytes cicerelus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Wheeler 1973:447 [ref. 7190]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnammodytes cicerelus (Rafinesque 1810). Ammodytidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

argenteus, Trachypterus Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 115-116 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Based on Ammodytes argenteus Chiereghini (mentioned in column 115), with short description. •Perhaps the same as Ammodytes argenteus Risso 1827. Ammodytidae. Habitat: marine.

brachistos, Protammodytes Ida [H.], Sirimontaporn [P.] & Monkolprasit [S.] 1994:254, Figs. 1, 3-5, 7, 9-10, 12-14 [Zoological Studies v. 33 (no. 4); ref. 22075] Eastern coast of Taiwan, depth 200 meters, 24°07'N, 123°18'E (stomach content). Holotype: FSKU 701117. Paratypes: ASM I.25362-026 (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:51 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Protammodytes brachistos Ida, Sirimontaporn & Monkolprasit 1994 -- (Mundy 2005:459 [ref. 28379], Ho & Shao 2011:51 [ref. 31432], Randall & Ida 2014:4 [ref. 33500]). Current status: Valid as Protammodytes brachistos Ida, Sirimontaporn & Monkolprasit 1994. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Western and central North Pacific: Taiwan, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Ammodytes Barnard [K. H.] 1927:66 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 20 (no. 115) (art. 8); ref. 193] "Kaffrarian" coast, False Bay, Table Bay, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic. Syntypes: BMNH 1927.12.6.40 [ex SAM] (1), SAM 12756 (2, 1 in poor condition). Also appeared as new in Barnard 1927:431 [ref. 194]. •Valid as Gymnammodytes capensis (Barnard 1927) -- (Heemstra 1986:770 [ref. 5660], Ida et al. 1994:258 [ref. 22075], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:167 [ref. 25472], Nizinski in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2785 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Gymnammodytes capensis (Barnard 1927). Ammodytidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic to southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

cicerelus, Ammodytes Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:21, Pl. 9 (fig. 4) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:38 [ref. 3595] as Ammodytes cicerellus. •Possibly valid as Gymnammodytes cicerelus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Quéro 1990:920 [ref. 18537]). •Valid as Ammodytes cicerelus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (see Wirtz et al. 2007:16 [ref. 30263]). •Valid as Gymnammodytes cicerelus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Wheeler 1973:447 [ref. 7190], Reay in Whitehead et al. 1986:948 [ref. 13676], Ida et al. 1994:258 [ref. 22075], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:117 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S21 [ref. 28536], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:181 [ref. 28369], Fricke et al. 2007:95 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:121 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:173 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:56 [ref. 36649] as cicerellus, Nizinski in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2785 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Gymnammodytes cicerelus (Rafinesque 1810). Ammodytidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Portugal south to Angola. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dubius, Ammodytes Reinhardt [J. C. H.] 1837:116, 131 [34, 49] [Det Kongelige Danske videnskabernes selskabs naturvidenskabelige og mathematiske afhandlinger v. 7; ref. 3691] Greenland. Syntypes: ZMUC 82 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:70 [ref. 9588] and as remaining type material cannot be located. On pp. 34 & 49 of separate. Reinhardt refers to Fauna Groenlandica Nr. 98 (Fabricius 1780:140-141 [ref. 17464]), which is Ammodytes tobianus in that work. •Valid as Ammodytes dubius Reinhardt 1837 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:238 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:440 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:175 [ref. 14674], Nizinski et al. 1990:249 [ref. 16687], Nizinski in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:502 [ref. 26158], Nelson et al. 2004:161 [ref. 27807], Møller et al. 2010:68 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:131 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:166 [ref. 32708], Turanov & Kartavtsev 2014:451 [ref. 34455], Orr et al. 2015:155 [ref. 33719], Afonso et al. 2016:72, 83 [ref. 36199], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:412 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Ammodytes dubius Reinhardt 1837. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic Ocean and adjacent Arctic Ocean. Habitat: marine.

estuaria, Bleekeria Randall [J. E.] & Ida [H.] 2014:7, Figs. 4, 5-7 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 12; ref. 33500] Mozambique, Pomene Estuary, 22°54.53’S, 35°33,322’E, depth 5 meters. Holotype (unique): SAIAB 186240. •Valid as Bleekeria estuaria Randall & Ida 2014 -- (Akhilesh et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36583], Varsha et al. 2019:22 [ref. 36631]). Current status: Valid as Bleekeria estuaria Randall & Ida 2014. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique. Habitat: brackish.

gilli, Bleekeria Bean [T. H.] 1895:629 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 17 (no. 1028); ref. 14574] Locality uncertain, probably from Pacific. Lectotype: USNM 45384 (88.5 mm SL). Paralectotypes: MCZ 35968 [ex USNM 45384] (1), USNM 45384 (orig. 11, now 8). Lectotype selected by Collette & Robertson 2001 [ref. 25964]. •Valid as Bleekeria gilli Bean 1895 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:256 [ref. 22193]). •Valid as Ammodytoides gilli (Bean 1895) -- (Randall et al. 1994:85 [ref. 21152], Ida et al. 1994:258 [ref. 22075], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:542 [ref. 24023], Collette & Randall 2000:399 [ref. 24576], Collette & Robertson 2001:111 [ref. 25964], Nelson et al. 2004:161 [ref. 27807], Randall & Earle 2008:606 [ref. 29779], Randall & Heemstra 2009:23 [ref. 30095], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Shibukawa & Ida 2013:25 [ref. 32579], Page et al. 2013:166 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Ammodytoides gilli (Bean 1895). Ammodytidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Baja California to Ecuador and Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

heian, Ammodytes Orr [J. W.], Wildes [S.] & Kai [Y.] in Orr, Wildes, Kai, Raring, Nakabo, Katugin & Guyon 2015:148, Figs. 6D, 7D [Fishery Bulletin 113 (no. 2); ref. 33719] Iwate Prefecture, Pacific Coast of Tohoku District, Ohfunato, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 130770. Paratypes: FAKU, UW. •Valid as Ammodytes heian Orr, Wildes & Kai 2015. Current status: Valid as Ammodytes heian Orr, Wildes & Kai 2015. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Sea of Okhotsk to Japan. Habitat: marine.

hexapterus, Ammodytes Pallas [P. S.] 1814:226 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Chukchi Sea, Russia, 67.4093°N, 173.5757°W. Neotype: UAM 2813. Neotype designated by Orr et al. 2015:138 [ref. 33719]. •Valid as Ammodytes hexapterus Pallas 1814 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:198 [ref. 7348], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:259 [ref. 9277], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:222 [ref. 6441], Robins & Ray 1986:238 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:440 [ref. 25518], Matarese et al. 1989:540 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:175 [ref. 14674], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:13 [ref. 24670], Chikilev & Datsky 2000:772 [ref. 25065], Nakabo 2000:1074 [ref. 25182], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:39 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:795 [ref. 25968], Zemnukhov et al. 2001:420 [ref. 25412], Nakabo 2002:1074 [ref. 26193], Fedorov et al. 2003:130 [ref. 27579], Parin 2003:S20 [ref. 28536], Nelson et al. 2004:161 [ref. 27807], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:131 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:166 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:464 [ref. 33547], Turanov & Kartavtsev 2014:447 [ref. 34455], Orr et al. 2015:138 [ref. 33719], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:165 [ref. 34033], Afonso et al. 2016:72, 84 [ref. 36199], Kells et al. 2016:292 [ref. 35888], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:222 [ref. 34440], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:187 [ref. 35257], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:414 [ref. 37370] see remarks). Current status: Valid as Ammodytes hexapterus Pallas 1814. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Arctic Ocean and adjacent North Pacific and Bering Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

hudsonius, Ammodytes dubius Vladykov [V. D.] 1933:11 [Contributions to Canadian biology and fisheries: being studies from the biological stations of Canada (Ser. A, General) v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 23244] Several localities, Hudson Bay region, Canada, depth 5 meters. Syntypes: (10). Ammodytidae. Habitat: marine.

idai, Ammodytoides Randall [J. E.] & Earle [J. L.] 2008:606, Figs. 1-3 [Pacific Science v. 62 (no. 4); ref. 29779] D'Entrecasteaux Islands, Normanby Island, Observation Point, 9°44'06"S, 150°44'24"E, Papua New Guinea, depth 10-25 meters. Holotype: BPBM 36911. Paratypes: AMS I.42610-001 (1), BPBM 39129 (4), CAS 217163 (1), MNHN 2003-0405 (1), NSMT-P 66238 (1), USNM 372740 (1). •Valid as Ammodytoides idai Randall & Earle 2008 -- (Randall & Heemstra 2008:23 [ref. 30095], Shibukawa & Ida 2013:25 [ref. 32579]). Current status: Valid as Ammodytoides idai Randall & Earle 2008. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

immaculatus, Ammodytes Corbin [P. G.] 1950:525 [Nature (London) v. 166 (no. 4221); ref. 12886] Plymouth area, England. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Based on one adult, a post-larvae, and one literature source. •Valid as Hyperoplus immaculatus (Corbin 1950) -- (Wheeler 1973:447 [ref. 7190], Reay in Whitehead et al. 1986:949 [ref. 13676], Ida et al. 1994:259 [ref. 22075], Bañon et al. 2010:19 [ref. 31029]). Current status: Valid as Hyperoplus immaculatus (Corbin 1950). Ammodytidae. Distribution: Eastern North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Ammodytes Duncker [G.] & Mohr [E.] 1939:20 [Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin v. 24 (no. 1); ref. 1158] Hokkaido, Japan. Lectotype: ZMH H142 [ex 13708]. Paralectotypes: BMNH (1 + 5), ZMB 14235 (5), ZMH H143 (orig. 51). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:165 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:407 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:165 [ref. 19181]. •Synonym of Ammodytes hexapterus Pallas 1814 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:199 [ref. 7348]). •Valid as Ammodytes japonicus Duncker & Mohr 1939 -- (Orr et al. 2015:147 [ref. 33719]). Current status: Valid as Ammodytes japonicus Duncker & Mohr 1939. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Sea of Okhotsk through the Sea of Japan into the Pacific Ocean of Japan. Habitat: marine.

kallolepis, Bleekeria Günther [A.] 1862:387 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] Madras, India. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1846.11.22.-. callolepis is a spelling error. •Valid as Bleekeria kallolepis Günther 1862 -- (Krishnan & Mishra 1993:232 [ref. 24016], Ida et al. 1994:257 [ref. 22075], Joshi et al. 2012:106 [ref. 32035], Randall & Ida 2014:6 [ref. 33500], Akhilesh et al. 2019:96 [ref. 36583], Varsha et al. 2019:20 [ref. 36631]). Current status: Valid as Bleekeria kallolepis Günther 1862. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: east coast of India and Sri Lanka to western Thailand. Habitat: marine.

kanazawai, Ammodytoides Shibukawa [K.] & Ida [H.] 2013:26, Figs. 1-3 [Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Ser. A) Suppl. No. 7; ref. 32579] Off southern Chichi-jima Island, Ogasawara Islands, Japan, 27°1.74'N - 27°1.78"N, 142°12.48'E - 142°12.62'E, depth 95-99 meters. Holotype (unique): NSMT-P 48606. •Valid as Ammodytoides kanazawai Shibukawa & Ida 2013. Current status: Valid as Ammodytoides kanazawai Shibukawa & Ida 2013. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Ogasawara Islands, Japan. Habitat: marine.

kimurai, Ammodytoides Ida [H.] & Randall [J. E.] 1993:148, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 40 (no. 2); ref. 20825] Ogasawara Islands, off Minami-shima, Japan, depth 15 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 50708. Paratypes: BPBM 35421 (1), FSKU 920601 (3), USNM 324610 (1). •Valid as Ammodytoides kimurai Ida & Randall 1993 -- (Randall et al. 1994:86 [ref. 21152], Ida et al. 1994:258 [ref. 22075], Collette & Randall 2000:399 [ref. 24576], Nakabo 2000:1074 [ref. 25182], Collette & Robertson 2001:114 [ref. 25964], Nakabo 2002:1074 [ref. 26193], Randall & Earle 2008:605 [ref. 29779], Randall & Heemstra 2008:22 [ref. 30095], Shibukawa & Ida 2013:25 [ref. 32579]). Current status: Valid as Ammodytoides kimurai Ida & Randall 1993. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Ogasawara Islands. Habitat: marine.

lancea, Ammodytes Cuvier [G.] 1829:360 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] [Britain]. Brief description with reference to "Pennt. Brit. Zool. pl. xxv, f. 66." •Synonym of Ammodytes tobianus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1973:446 [ref. 7190], Reay in Whitehead et al. 1986:947 [ref. 13676]). Current status: Synonym of Ammodytes tobianus Linnaeus 1758. Ammodytidae. Habitat: marine.

lanceolatus, Ammodytes Le Sauvage [E.] 1824:141 [Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris (Sér. 3) v. 11 (for 1824); ref. 18660] Calvados, Channel coast of France. Syntypes: MNHN B-1266 (3). •Valid as Hyperoplus lanceolatus (Le Sauvage 1824) -- (Wheeler 1973:447 [ref. 7190], Reay in Whitehead et al. 1986:950 [ref. 13676], Ida et al. 1994:259 [ref. 22075], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:177 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S21 [ref. 28536], Fricke 2007:29 [ref. 30577], Parin et al. 2014:465 [ref. 33547], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Hyperoplus lanceolatus (Le Sauvage 1824). Ammodytidae. Distribution: Baltic Sea, North Sea, northeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

leptus, Ammodytoides Collette [B. B.] & Randall [J. E.] 2000:397, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 113 (no. 2); ref. 24576] Off Gudgeon Harbor, Pitcairn Island, depth 10.5 meters. Holotype: USNM 360076. Paratypes: AMS I.39856-001 (1); BPBM 16441 (1), 16949 (2); MCZ 157036 (1); NSMT-P 59154 (1); USNM 360077 (3), 360078 (1, c&s). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Ammodytoides leptus Collette & Randall 2000 -- (Collette & Robertson 2001:114 [ref. 25964], Collette 2001:3518 [ref. 26286], Randall 2005:469 [ref. 28239], Randall & Earle 2008:605 [ref. 29779], Shibukawa & Ida 2013:25 [ref. 32579]). Current status: Valid as Ammodytoides leptus Collette & Randall 2000. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Pitcairn Island. Habitat: marine.

lucasanus, Ammodytes Beebe [W.] & Tee-Van [J.] 1938:306 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 23 (pt 3, no. 15); ref. 249] Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico (stomach content). Holotype: CAS-SU 46501 [ex NYZS 25249-A]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 46502 [ex NYZS 25541-A] (1). Type catalog: Mead 1958:131 [ref. 20648]. •Valid as Ammodytoides lucasanus (Beebe & Tee-Van 1938) -- (Randall et al. 1994:85 [ref. 21152], Ida et al. 1994:258 [ref. 22075]). •Valid as Bleekeria lucasana (Beebe & Tee-Van 1938) -- (Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:134 [ref. 24555]). •Synonym of Ammodytoides gilli (Bean 1895) -- (Grove & Lavenberg 1997:543 [ref. 24023], Collette & Robertson 2001:112 [ref. 25964]). Current status: Synonym of Ammodytoides gilli (Bean 1895). Ammodytidae. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmus, Lepidammodytes Ida [H.], Sirimontaporn [P.] & Monkolprasit [S.] 1994:255, Figs. 2-5, 7, 9, 10-14 [Zoological Studies v. 33 (no. 4); ref. 22075] Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: BPBM 24261a. Paratypes: BPBM 24261b [?= 35803] (1), 24861 (2), 26549 (1, c&s). •Valid as Lepidammodytes macrophthalmus Ida, Sirimontaporn & Monkolprasit 1994 -- (Mundy 2005:459 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:372 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Lepidammodytes macrophthalmus Ida, Sirimontaporn & Monkolprasit 1994. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

marinus, Ammodytes Raitt [D. S.] 1934:368 [Journal du Conseil v. 9; ref. 21255] Scotland. No types known. Also appeared in Raitt 1935:61 [ref. 15673]. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:46 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Ammodytes marinus Raitt 1934 -- (Wheeler 1973:446 [ref. 7190], Reay in Whitehead et al. 1986:946 [ref. 13676], Ida et al. 1994:258 [ref. 22075], Amaoka in Okamura et al. 1995:219 [ref. 22531], Fricke 1999:46 [ref. 24101], Parin 2003:S20 [ref. 28536], Fricke 2007:27 [ref. 30577], Møller et al. 2010:68 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:131 [ref. 31212], Dolgov 2013:921 [ref. 33112], Parin et al. 2014:464 [ref. 33547], Orr et al. 2015:155 [ref. 33719], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:416 [ref. 36370] see remarks). Current status: Valid as Ammodytes marinus Raitt 1934. Ammodytidae. Distribution: North Atlantic and adjacent Arctic. Habitat: marine.

mitsukurii, Bleekeria Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1902:333, Fig. 12 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 25 (no. 1289); ref. 2447] Yilan [Giran], Taiwan. Holotype: CAS-SU 7133. Paratypes: CAS-SU 67143 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:103 [ref. 12291], Ho & Shao 2011:51 [ref. 31432]. Lectotype designation by Pietsch & Zabetian 1990 [ref. 13748], but designation not needed as Jordan and Evermann established the type on p. 334. •Valid as Embolichthys mitsukurii (Jordan & Evermann 1902) -- (Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:222 [ref. 6441], Pietsch & Zabetian 1990:79 [ref. 13748], Suzuki & Hosokawa 1994:2 [ref. 24339], Goren & Dor 1994:61 [ref. 25356], Nakabo 2000:1074 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1074 [ref. 26193]). •Valid as Bleekeria mitsukurii Jordan & Evermann 1902 -- (Ida et al. 1994:257 [ref. 22075], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Collette 2001:3518 [ref. 26286], Ho & Shao 2011:51 [ref. 31432], Joshi et al. 2012:106 [ref. 32035], Randall & Ida 2014:6 [ref. 33500], Akhilesh et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36583], Varsha et al. 2019:21 [ref. 36631]). Current status: Valid as Bleekeria mitsukurii Jordan & Evermann 1902. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

murmanicus, Ammodytes hexapterus Lindberg [G. U.] 1937 Murman coast of the Barents Sea. Listed in Parin 2003:S20 [ref. 28536] as appearing in Vestn. Dalnevost. Fil. AN SSSR v. 27:88. Original description not yet seen. •Synonym of Ammodytes marinus Raitt 1934 -- (Parin et al. 2014:464 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Ammodytes marinus Raitt 1934. Ammodytidae.

murtii, Bleekeria Joshi [K. K.], Zacharia [P. U.] & Kanthan [P.] 2012:102, Figs. 1-2 [Indian Journal of Fisheries v. 59 (no. 2); ref. 32035] Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India. Holotype: CMFRI GB 5.1.1. Paratypes: CMFRI GB 5.1.1.1 (31). •Valid as Bleekeria murtii Joshi, Zacharia & Kanthan 2012 -- (Randall & Ida 2014:6 [ref. 33500], Akhilesh et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36583], Varsha et al. 2019:23 [ref. 36631]). Current status: Valid as Bleekeria murtii Joshi, Zacharia & Kanthan 2012. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: India. Habitat: marine.

personatus, Ammodytes Girard [C. F.] 1856:137 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 8; ref. 1809] Strait of Juan de Fuca, off Miller Peninsula, Washington, 48.4°N, 122.9°W. Neotype: UW 152354. Neotype designated by Orr et al. 2015:144 [ref. 33719]. •Valid as Ammodytes personatus Girard 1856 -- (Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:222 [ref. 6441], Ida et al. 1994:258 [ref. 22075], Cheng & Zhou 1997:336 [ref. 26385], Nakabo 2000:1074 [ref. 25182], Shimizu 2001:37 [ref. 25799], Wang et al. 2001:248 [ref. 26566], Nakabo 2002:1074 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:385, 647 [ref. 26218], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:131 [ref. 31212], Parin et al. 2014:465 [ref. 33547], Turanov & Kartavtsev 2014:447 [ref. 34455], Orr et al. 2015:144 [ref. 33719], Pietsch & Orr 2015:65 [ref. 34694]). Current status: Valid as Ammodytes personatus Girard 1856. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

praematura, Ammodytoides Randall [J. E.] & Earle [J. L.] 2008:610, Fig. 4 [Pacific Science v. 62 (no. 4); ref. 29779] Peros Banhos Atoll, Isla du Coin, south end of island, 5°25'21"S, 71°06'52"E, Chagos Archipelago, western Indian Ocean, depth 7 meters. Holotype (unique): ROM 41487. •Valid as Ammodytoides praematura Randall & Earle 2008 -- (Randall & Heemstra 2008:23 [ref. 30095], Shibukawa & Ida 2013:25 [ref. 32579]). Current status: Valid as Ammodytoides praematura Randall & Earle 2008. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Chagos Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

profunda, Bleekeria Randall [J. E.] & Ida [M.] 2014:5, Figs. 3, 5-7 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 12; ref. 33500] Saya de Malha Bank, 13°21.92’S, 60° 32.10’E, depth 237-240 meters. Holotype (unique): SAIAB 84114. •Valid as Bleekeria profunda Randall & Ida 2014 -- (Akhilesh et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36583], Varsha et al. 2019:24 [ref. 36631]). Current status: Valid as Bleekeria profunda Randall & Ida 2014. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Saya de Malha Bank endemic. Habitat: marine.

pylei, Ammodytoides Randall [J. E.], Ida [H.] & Earle [J. L.] 1994:81, Figs. 1, 2a, 3 [Pacific Science v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 21152] Off power station, Kahe Point, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 8 meters. Holotype: BPBM 33923. Paratypes: BPBM 24868 (4), 34913 (1), 34915 (1); FSKU 73318 (3); LACM 45516-1 (1); MNHN 1992-0001 (1); NSMT P 35112 (1), 35113-14 (2); USNM 316514 (1). •Valid as Ammodytoides pylei Randall, Ida & Earle 1994 -- (Ida et al. 1994:258 [ref. 22075], Collette & Randall 2000:399 [ref. 24576], Collette & Robertson 2001:114 [ref. 25964], Mundy 2005:459 [ref. 28379], Randall & Earle 2008:605 [ref. 29779], Randall & Heemstra 2008:22 [ref. 30095], Randall 2007:372 [ref. 30952], Shibukawa & Ida 2013:25 [ref. 32579]). Current status: Valid as Ammodytoides pylei Randall, Ida & Earle 1994. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Hawaiian Ridge and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

renniei, Bleekeria Smith [J. L. B.] 1957:219, Fig. 2 [South African Journal of Science v. 53 (no. 8); ref. 12171] Pekweni, 33°25'S, 27°15'E, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 171. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 670 (2, poor condition). •Valid as Bleekeria renniei Smith 1957 -- (Heemstra 1986:769 [ref. 5660], Winterbottom et al. 1989:62 [ref. 13251] with question). •Valid as Ammodytoides renniei (Smith 1957) -- (Randall et al. 1994:85 [ref. 21152], Ida et al. 1994:258 [ref. 22075], Collette & Randall 2000:399 [ref. 24576], Collette & Robertson 2001:114 [ref. 25964], Collette 2001:3518 [ref. 26286] with question, Randall & Earle 2008:605 [ref. 29779], Randall & Heemstra 2009:22 [ref. 30095], Shibukawa & Ida 2013:25 [ref. 32579]). Current status: Valid as Ammodytoides renniei (Smith 1957). Ammodytidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic to southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

sarisa, Embolichthys Robins [C. R.] & Böhlke [J. E.] 1970:2, Figs. 1-2 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 430; ref. 7777] Off eastern coast of St. Vincent, Lesser Antilles, 13°11.2'N, 61°05.3'W, depth 187 meters. Holotype: ANSP 113091. Paratypes: ANSP 113092 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:18 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Protammodytes sarisa (Robins & Böhlke 1970) -- (Ida et al. 1994 [ref. 22075], Robins 2003:1745 [ref. 27108], Randall & Ida 2014:5 [ref. 33500]) Current status: Valid as Protammodytes sarisa (Robins & Böhlke 1970). Ammodytidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

semisquamatus, Ammodytes Jourdain [S.] 1879:208, Pl. 2 (figs. 8, 13, 16, 18) [Revue des sciences naturelles v. 8 (Ser. 2, v. 1); ref. 18365] St. Malo, France. Lectotype selected by Fricke 1999:46 [ref. 24101] as the illustration in the original description [specimen not in existence]. •Valid as Gymnammodytes semisquamatus (Jourdain 1879) -- (Wheeler 1973:447 [ref. 7190], Reay in Whitehead et al. 1986:948 [ref. 13676], Ida et al. 1994:258 [ref. 22075], Fricke 1999:46 [ref. 24101], Fricke 2007:27 [ref. 30577]). Current status: Valid as Gymnammodytes semisquamatus (Jourdain 1879). Ammodytidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, eastern North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

siculus, Ammodytes Swainson [W.] 1839:254 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: BMNH 1949.3.25.19. Based on Zool. Ill. i. series 1. pl. 63. •Possible synonym of Gymnammodytes cicerelus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Quéro 1990:920 [ref. 18537]). •Synonym of Gymnammodytes cicerelus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Wheeler 1973:447 [ref. 7190], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:117 [ref. 26753]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnammodytes cicerelus (Rafinesque 1810). Ammodytidae. Habitat: marine.

terebrans, Ammodytes Cisternas [R.] 1875:167, Pl. 8 [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 4 (for 3 Mar. 1875); ref. 18003] Canet de Mar, Barcelona Province, Spain, western Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes (several): Whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Gymnammodytes cicerelus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Wheeler 1973:447 [ref. 7190]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnammodytes cicerelus (Rafinesque 1810). Ammodytidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tobianus, Ammodytes Linnaeus [C.] 1758:247 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea, Northeastern Atlantic, Baltic Sea [original: "in Oceano Europæo"]; localities include Scania and Öland Island, Sweden; Cornwall, England; Rome and Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: LS 41 (right half-skin), NRM 5716 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:267 [ref. 20707] who indicate that NHRM 5716 is A. marinus Raitt 1934, Wheeler 1985:67 [ref. 20705]. Lectotype or neotype fixation needed. Originally based on multiple species and at least 18 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:16 [ref. 30578], Artedi 1738:55 [ref. 30529] and Artedi 1738:29 [ref. 30349] as Ammodytes; Salviani 1558:70, Pl. (p. 69) [ref. 30229] as Sandilz, Charleton 1668:146 [ref. 30580] as Anguilla de arena, Willughby 1686:113 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:38 [ref. 30231] as Ammodytes Gesneri. •Valid as Ammodytes tobianus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1973:446 [ref. 7190], Reay in Whitehead et al. 1986:947 [ref. 13676], Ida et al. 1994:258 [ref. 22075], Amaoka in Okamura et al. 1995:219 [ref. 22531], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:177 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S20 [ref. 28536], Fricke 2007:27 [ref. 30577], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:30 [ref. 36649], Psomadakis et al. 2012:17 [ref. 33457], Parin et al. 2014:465 [ref. 33547], Turanov & Kartavtsev 2014:447 [ref. 34455], Orr et al. 2015:155 [ref. 33719], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:418 [ref. 36370] see remarks, Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Ammodytes tobianus Linnaeus 1758. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Baltic Sea, North Sea, eastern North Atlantic: Iceland and Norway to Portugal (strays into western Mediterranean Sea). Habitat: marine.

vaga, Bleekeria McCulloch [A. R.] & Waite [E. R.] 1916:447, Pl. 43 (fig. 1) [Transactions Royal Society of South Australia v. 40; ref. 15058] Lord Howe Island, 31°33'S, 159°05'E. Holotype (unique): AMS I.9274. •Valid as Ammodytoides vagus (McCulloch & Waite 1916) -- (Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Randall et al. 1994:85 [ref. 21152], Ida et al. 1994:258 [ref. 22075], Johnson 1999:747 [ref. 25471] as vaga, Collette & Randall 2000:399 [ref. 24576], Collette & Robertson 2001:114 [ref. 25964], Hoese & Bray 2006:1508 [ref. 29000], Randall & Earle 2008:605 [ref. 29779], Randall & Heemstra 2009:23 [ref. 30095], Shibukawa & Ida 2013:25 [ref. 32579]). Current status: Valid as Ammodytoides vagus (McCulloch & Waite 1916). Ammodytidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.

ventrolineatus, Protammodytes Randall [J. E.] & Ida [H.] 2014:2, Figs. 1, 2, 5-7 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 12; ref. 33500] Saya de Malha Bank, 13°21.92’S, 60°32.10’E, depth 237-240 meters. Holotype (unique): SAIAB 84113. •Valid as Protammodytes ventrolineatus Randall & Ida 2014. Current status: Valid as Protammodytes ventrolineatus Randall & Ida 2014. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Saya de Malha Bank, southwest Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

viridianguilla, Herklotsina Fowler [H. W.] 1931:311, Fig. 13 [Hong Kong Naturalist v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 1408] Hong Kong. Holotype: ANSP 53458. Paratypes: ANSP 53459-65 (7). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:18 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Bleekeria viridianguilla (Fowler 1931) -- (Ida et al. 1994:257 [ref. 22075], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Collette 2001:3518 [ref. 26286], Joshi et al. 2012:106 [ref. 32035], Akhilesh et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36583], Varsha et al. 2019:21 [ref. 36631]). Current status: Valid as Bleekeria viridianguilla (Fowler 1931). Ammodytidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia north to southern China and Taiwan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

vittatus, Ammodytes DeKay [J. E.] 1842:317, Pl. 60 (fig. 197) [Zoology of New-York; ref. 1098] New York, U.S.A. Syntypes: (whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Ammodytes americanus DeKay 1842 -- (Smith 1986:441 [ref. 22186]). Current status: Synonym of Ammodytes americanus DeKay 1842. Ammodytidae. Habitat: marine.

xanthops, Ammodytoides Randall [J. E.] & Heemstra [P. C.] 2008:23, Fig. 1 [Smithiana, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin No. 9; ref. 30095] Mozambique, 20°33.3'S, 35°47.6'E to 20°34.89'S, 35°47.6'W, depth 62 meters. Holotype: SAIAB 80762. Paratypes: AMS I.44650-001 (1), BPBM 40904 (4), CAS 227043 (1), MNHN 2008-1232 (1), MSMT-P91026, ROM 83933 (1), SAIAB 80761 (7), USNM 393562 (2). •Valid as Ammodytoides xanthops Randall & Heemstra 2008 -- (Shibukawa & Ida 2013:25 [ref. 32579]). Current status: Valid as Ammodytoides xanthops Randall & Heemstra 2008. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Mozambique. Habitat: marine.