Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 6 July 2020

SEARCH RESULTS FROM

Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
Select the database to search:
GENERA   SPECIES   REFERENCES
Include unavailable names

         Comments: ,

    Please look in Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes for authorships of sections, Families of Fishes (all), and related information.

Species in the family or subfamily Anguillidae: [ 153 ] records


acerine, Muraena anguilla var. Schneider [J. G.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:560 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality. No types known. Based on "Acerine" (variety of Muraena anguilla Linnaeus 1758) of Lacepède 1800:261 [ref. 2709]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

acutirostris, Anguilla Risso [A.] 1827:198 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN (not found). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:124 [ref. 20810]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:220 [ref. 7185], Castle 1984:34 [ref. 6171], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aegyptiaca, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:40 [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Nile River, Egypt. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3772 (1), 0000-3773 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:93 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:55 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Castle 1984:34 [ref. 6171], Smith 1990:152 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Lévèque et al. 1991:133 [ref. 31367], Bauchot et al. 1993:93 [ref. 20810], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

altirostris, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:37, Pl. 4 (fig. 24) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Mouth of Seine River, France, La Manche/English Channel, northeastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3768. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:93 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:55 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

amblodon, Anguilla Günther [A.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:125, Fig. [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Seychelles. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.3.9.422 (stuffed). •Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:151 [ref. 13172], Castle 1984:36 [ref. 6171]., Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

amboinensis, Anguilla Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1866:523 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1866; ref. 3439] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype: ZMB 6178. •Synonym of Anguilla celebesensis Kaup 1856 -- (Ege 1939:10 [ref. 13172], Watanabe et al. 2009:388 [ref. 30611], Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989] dated 1857). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla celebesensis Kaup 1856. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

anacamptoentera, Anguilla Balsamo-Crivelli [G. G.] & Maggi [L.] 1873:229, Pl. [Memorie del Reale Istituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere, Classe di Scienze Matematiche e Naturali v. 12 [=(Ser. 3) v. 3]; ref. 15763] Italy. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ancestralis, Anguilla Ege [V.] 1939:36, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Dana Report No. 16; ref. 13172] Paigar River near Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: (158 elvers) ZMUC P31251-62 (12). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:52 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Anguilla celebesensis Kaup 1856 -- (Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989] dated 1857). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla celebesensis Kaup 1856. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater.

ancidda, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:37, Pl. 4 (fig. 22) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Sicily and Pergamont, Italy. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3767 (1), 0000-3780 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:93 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:55 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aneitensis, Anguilla Günther [A.] 1870:34, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 8; ref. 1995] Aneityum [Anatom] Island, Vanuatu. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.8.16.52. •In part a synonym of Anguilla megastoma Kaup 1856 -- (Ege 1939:10 [ref. 13172]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla megastoma Kaup 1856. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

anguilla, Muraena Linnaeus [C.] 1758:245 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Europe, Mediterranean Sea, Baltic Sea, northeastern Atlantic [original: "in Europa; maxima in lacu Cornachio Ferrariensi"]; localities include Sweden; England; Belgium; Germany; Poland; France; Ferrara and Rome, Italy; Lesbos Island, Greece; Syria. No types known. Originally spelled angvilla, also angvilla in Linnaeus 1766:426 [ref. 2786]. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:19 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Originally based on at least 34 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:24 [ref. 30578], Artedi 1738:66 [ref. 30529] and Artedi 1738:39 [ref. 30349] as Muræna unicolor, maxilla inferiore longiore; Wootton 1552:148 [ref. 30584] as Anguilla, Rondelet 1555:198 [ref. 30378] as Anguilla, Salviani 1558:65, Pls. (p. 64, 66) [ref. 30229] as Anguilla, Charleton 1668:153 [ref. 30580] as Anguilla, Willughby 1686:109 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:37 [ref. 30231] as Anguilla. •Valid as Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Ege 1939:90 [ref. 13172], Berg 1949:938 [ref. 20662], Blache et al. 1973:220 [ref. 7185], Dor 1984:26 [ref. 29757], Castle 1984:34 [ref. 6171], Bauchot in Whitehead et al. 1986:535 [ref. 13676], Okamura & Machida 1987:111 [ref. 22279], Lelek 1987:63 [ref. 22962], Scott & Scott 1988:79 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:46 [ref. 14674], Smith 1989:899 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Lévèque et al. 1991:133 [ref. 31367], Poll & Gosse 1995:83 [ref. 24781], Goren & Dor 1994:6 [ref. 25356], Coad 1995:7 [ref. 23608], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:183 [ref. 23079], Aoyama et al. 1996:374 [ref. 24707], Chereshnev 1996:599 [ref. 24659], Coad 1996:84 [ref. 25304], Tagliavini et al. 1996:271 [ref. 25516], Bianco et al. 1996:55 [ref. 26724], Kottelat 1997:34 [ref. 22952], Santos et al. 1997:18 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:54 [ref. 24952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:734 [ref. 24702], Bianco 1997:612 [ref. 26725], Reshetnikov 1998:54 [ref. 23570], Scott & Crossman 1998:624 [ref. 24570], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:128 [ref. 25013], Fricke 1999:18 [ref. 24101], Fuller et al. 1999:36 [ref. 25838], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366], Huang et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25846], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:43 [ref. 26178], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:194 [ref. 26728], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:30 [ref. 26753], Dekker 2003:787 [ref. 27171], Hanel 2003:48 [ref. 27894], Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:28 [ref. 28183], Golani 2005:16 [ref. 37112], Hanel & Lusk 2005:182 [ref. 28804], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:174 [ref. 28369], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:22 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:61 [ref. 29996], Vasil'eva 2007:41 [ref. 30517], Fricke 2008:14 [ref. 30182], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:164 [ref. 31251], Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569], Esmaeili et al. 2010:366 [ref. 33391], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:58 [ref. 35264], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:17 [ref. 36649], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:117 [ref. 31212], Page & Burr 2011:146 [ref. 31215], Parin et al. 2014:47 [ref. 33547], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:859 [ref. 34062], Barbieri et al. 2015:38 [ref. 35029], Çiçek et al. 2015:143 [ref. 35151], Smith 2016:1605 [ref. 34556], Neumann et al. 2016:303 [ref. 35036], Esmaeili et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:8 [ref. 36089], Martins & Carneiro 2018:23 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:553 [ref. 36612], Ćaleta et al. 2019:145 [ref. 37026], Carneiro et al. 2019:69 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:92 [ref. 36864], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:251 [ref. 37108], Bariche & Fricke 2020:31 [ref. 37515], Dyldin et al. 2020:106 [ref. 37569], Freyhof et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37614], Kovačić et al. 2020:10 [ref. 37519], Kuljanishvili et al. 2020:[4] [ref. 37535]). Current status: Valid as Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: larvae in Sargasso Sea and Gulf Stream; eastern Atlantic, Baltic Sea, North Sea, White Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea: European seas and adjacent watersheds, spawing and larval migration routes to and from the western Atlantic. Introduced in the Caspian Sea basin. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

anguillaris, Tribranchus Peters [W. (C. H.)] in Müller 1846:193, footnote [Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin for 1844; ref. 13283] Perhaps available, very brief description in footnote. •Synonym of Anguilla mossambica (Peters 1852) -- (Ege 1939:90 [ref. 13172]). •Name only, not available -- (Castle 1984:36 [ref. 6171]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla mossambica (Peters 1852). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

anguillechien, Muraena anguilla Schneider [J. G.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:560 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality [Seine River, France]. No types known. Based on "Anguille chien" (variety of Muraena anguilla Linnaeus 1758) of Lacepède 1800:263 [ref. 2709]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

angustidens, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1846:49, Pl. 7 (fig. 39) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-3153. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:93 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:56 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846 -- (Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

argentea, Muraena Lesueur [C. A.] 1817:82 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 1, no. 5) (19 Aug.); ref. 17509] Boston Harbor, Massachutsetts, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:89 [ref. 13172], Smith 1989:34 [ref. 13285], Scott & Crossman 1998:628 [ref. 24570], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

arracana, Anguilla McClelland [J.] 1844:178, 202, 209, Pl. 6 (fig. 2) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Sandoway, Malaysia. Syntypes: SMF 768 (2). •Questionably a synonym of Anguilla nebulosa McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:36 [ref. 13172]). •Synonym of Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1831) -- (Menon 1999:5 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1831). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aterrima, Anguilla Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:245 [Western Review and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 5088] Tennessee River, Cumberland River, etc., U.S.A. No types known. Also in Rafinesque 1820:78 [ref. 3592]. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:89 [ref. 13172], Smith 1989:34 [ref. 13285], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aucklandii, Anguilla Richardson [J.] 1848:113, Pl. 45 (figs. 7-13) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Auckland Islands, New Zealand. Syntypes: BMNH 1848.3.18.230-231 (?). •Synonym of Anguilla dieffenbachii Gray 1842 -- (Ege 1939:90 [ref. 13172] as dieffenbachi). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla dieffenbachii Gray 1842. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

australis, Anguilla Richardson [J.] 1841:22 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1841 (pt 9); ref. 18626] Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia; Auckland Island Southern Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1848.3.18.236. Also described in Richardson 1844:157 [ref. 20295]. •Valid as Anguilla australis subspecies australis Richardson 1841 -- (Hammer et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32389]). •Valid as Anguilla australis Richardson 1841 -- (Ege 1939:152 [ref. 13172], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:53 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:122 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:67 [ref. 24556], Kuiter 1993:29 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:203 [ref. 22532], Aoyama et al. 1996:374 [ref. 24707], Beumer in McDowall 1996:39 [ref. 22909], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:145 [ref. 25528], McDowall et al. 1998:2 [ref. 23822], Marquet & Mary 1999:31 [ref. 23933], Smith 1999:1633 [ref. 24661], Johnson 1999:721 [ref. 25471], Fuller et al. 1999:37 [ref. 25838], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:60 [ref. 25930], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:196 [ref. 28107], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129], Hoese & Gates 2006:236 [ref. 28997], Gomon 2008:157 [ref. 30616], Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569], Fricke et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31242], McDowall et al. 2015:221 [ref. 34232], Kuiter 2018:11 [ref. 36369], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:251 [ref. 37108]). Current status: Valid as Anguilla australis Richardson 1841. Anguillidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

avisotis, Anguilla Richardson [J.] 1845:no p., Pl. 51 (fig. 1) [Ichthyology.--Part 2. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur; ref. 20574] Canton, China. No types known. Available from plate. Text in Richardson 1845:104 [ref. 20275]. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:297 [ref. 11606]). Anguillidae.

bengalensis, Muraena Gray [J. E.] 1831:no page number, Pl. 95 (fig. 5) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] India. No types known. •Questionably a synonym of Anguilla nebulosa McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:36 [ref. 13172]). •Valid as Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1831) subspecies bengalensis -- (Abdul Kadir et al. 2017:103 [ref. 35571]). •Valid as Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1831) -- (Shrestha 1978:40 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:41 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:74 [ref. 20764], Skelton 1993:107 [ref. 24071], Zacharias et al. 1996:41 [ref. 25526], Manimekalan 1998:434 [ref. 24989], Fricke 1999:37 [ref. 24106], Menon 1999:5 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:184 [ref. 25703], Skelton 2001:107 [ref. 27406], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S94 [ref. 27377], Khan 2003:6 [ref. 27710] with author as Gray and Hardwicke, Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087] with subspecies, Ataur Rahman 2003:55[ref. 31338], Snoeks 2004:20 [ref. 28111], Shrestha 2008:43 [ref. 29923] as subspecies, Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569], Conway et al. 2011:1756 [ref. 31594], Marshall 2011:62 [ref. 31755] with 2 subspecies, Gurung et al. 2013:4482 [ref. 32969], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989], Suresh et al. 2018:56 [ref. 36495], Arndt & Fricke 2019:9 [ref. 36883], Ng et al. 2019:519 [ref. 36606], Psomadakis et al. 2020:287 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1831). Anguillidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean and adjacent freshwater habitats: southeastern Africa east to Malaysia, north to Nepal. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bibroni, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:54 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 22 (pt. 1); ref. 2572] Sicily, Italy. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3760 (1), 0000-3779 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:93 [ref. 20810]. Also in Kaup 1856:33, Pl. 3 (fig. 16) [ref. 2573]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:152 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bicolor, Anguilla McClelland [J.] 1844:178, 202, 209, Pl. 6 (fig. 1) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Sandoway, Malay coast, India. Syntypes: SMF 776 (1). •Valid as Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844 [often as a subspecies] -- (Ege 1939:151 [ref. 13172], Castle 1984:34 [ref. 6171], Castle 1986:160 [ref. 5644], Paxton et al. 1989:123 [ref. 12442], Allen 1991:39 [ref. 21090], Pethiyagoda 1991:44 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:75 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:7 [ref. 23448], Skelton 1993:106 [ref. 24071], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:63 [ref. 22017], Zhu 1995:18 [ref. 25213], Rainboth 1996:57 [ref. 22772], Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Fricke 1999:37 [ref. 24106], Keith et al. 1999:74 [ref. 24548], Smith 1999:1634 [ref. 24661], Menon 1999:6 [ref. 24904], Allen et al. 2000:29 [ref. 27467], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Skelton 2001:106 [ref. 27406], Allen et al. 2002:61 [ref. 25930], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S94 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:610 [ref. 27495], Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087], Morgan et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27718], Heemstra et al. 2004:3316 [ref. 27945] dated 1845, Hoese & Gates 2006:236 [ref. 28997], Allen et al. 2008:34 [ref. 30265], Tan & Kottelat 2009:25 [ref. 30261], Fricke et al. 2009:13 [ref. 30213], Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569], Zhang et al. 2010:180 [ref. 31511], Morgan et al. 2011:10 [ref. 31262], Marshall 2011:59 [ref. 31755], Larson et al. 2013:24 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989], Morgan et al. 2014:11 [ref. 36567], Zhang et al. 2016:46 [ref. 34477], Miesen et al. 2016:80 [ref. 34492], Pusey et al. 2017:16 [ref. 35250], Abdul Kadir et al. 2017:103 [ref. 35571], Fricke et al. 2018:30 [ref. 35805], Suresh et al. 2018:57 [ref. 36495], Arndt & Fricke 2019:10 [ref. 36883], Ng et al. 2019:518 [ref. 36606], Zajonz et al. 2019:61 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:287 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844. Anguillidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific and adjacent freshwater habitats: Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to China, south to northern Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bleekeri, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:56, Pl. 9 (fig. 45) [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 22 (pt. 1); ref. 2572] India. Holotype: MNHN B-2099. Paratypes: MNHN B-3124 [ex B-2099]. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:93 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:56 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:151 [ref. 13172], Castle 1984:35 [ref. 6171], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

blephura, Anguilla Rafinesque [C. S.] 1817:120 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 18584] Southwestern shore of Long Island, New York, U.S.A. No types known. As name only in Ref 1817:453 [ref. 18585]. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:89 [ref. 13172], Smith 1986:62 [ref. 22186], Smith 1989:34 [ref. 13285], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

borneensis, Anguilla Popta [C. M. L.] 1924:73 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 8 (no. 2) (art. 7); ref. 15466] Bo River, eastern Borneo. Syntypes: RMNH 7654 (2). •Synonym of Anguilla malgumora Kaup 1856 -- (authors). •Valid as Anguilla borneensis Popta 1924 -- (Ege 1939:89 [ref. 13172], Kottelat et al. 1993:7 [ref. 23448], Huang et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25846], Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989], Watanabe et al. 2014:568 [ref. 35475], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:597 [ref. 36226]). Current status: Valid as Anguilla borneensis Popta 1924. Anguillidae. Distribution: Northeast Borneo. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bostoniensis, Muraena Lesueur [C. A.] 1817:81 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 1, no. 5) (19 Aug.); ref. 17509] Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:89 [ref. 13172], Smith 1986:62 [ref. 22186], Smith 1989:34 [ref. 13285], Scott & Crossman 1998:628 [ref. 24570], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:96 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:128 [ref. 25013], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

breviceps, Anguilla Chu [Y.-T.] & Jin [Y.-T.] in Chu 1984:183, Fig. 122 [ ref. 8173] Fuchow, China. Holotype (unique): SFC 57-2318. •Synonym of Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846 -- (Zhang et al. 2010:178 [ref. 31511], Zhang et al. 2016:46 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brevirostris, Anguilla Cisternas [R.] 1877:108 [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 6 (for 7 Mar. 1877); ref. 14239] Valencia, Spain. No types known. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:152 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:36 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brevirostris, Anguilla McClelland [J.] 1844:177, 202, 208, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Bengal, India and Arrakan, Burma. Syntypes: lost. •Questionably a synonym of Anguilla nebulosa McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:36 [ref. 13172]). •Synonym of Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1831) -- (Menon 1999:5 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1831). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brevirostris, Leptocephalus Kaup [J. J.] 1856:150, Pl. 18 (fig. 15) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: MNHN 0000-2901. Possible types: BMNH 1860.9.31.4 (1), ZMB 4742 (1) Messina. Type catalog: Bertin 1935:100 [ref. 21550], Bauchot et al. 1993:120 [ref. 20810]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Anguilla by Anguilla brevirostris Cisternas 1877. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1989:899 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:152 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:390 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:36 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caeca, Anguilla Smith [H. M.] 1904:121, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 17; ref. 10233] Western Atlantic, 60 miles south of Noman's Land, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 51483 (lost). Type lost; unidentifiable (D. G. Smith, pers. Comm. 12/2000). Anguillidae. Habitat: marine.

callensis, Anguilla Guichenot [A.] 1850:111, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des reptiles et poissons; ref. 1940] La Calle, Algeria, western Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: (10) MNHN 0000-3160 (5), 0000-3220 (1), 0000-3774 (4). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:93-94 [ref. 20810]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Castle 1984:34 [ref. 6171], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

canariensis, Anguilla Valenciennes [A.] 1843:88, Pl. 20 (fig. 1) [Ichthyologie des îles Canaries v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 4502] Teneriffe, Canary Islands. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-3783. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-3784 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:94 [ref. 20810] as holotype and paratypes, but no type was established originally. Lectotype designated by Eschmeyer 1998:316 [ref. 23416]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:220 [ref. 7185], Castle 1984:34 [ref. 6171], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cantori, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:52, Pl. 9 (fig. 46) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Mumbai, India. Syntypes: ?MNHN B-3125 [ex MNHN 0000-3207], 0000-3207 (1),. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:94 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:56 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:151 [ref. 13172], Castle 1984:35 [ref. 6171], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

capensis, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1859:18, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der Naturwissenschaften herausgegeben von dem Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein in Hamburg v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 2586] Holotype (unique): ZSM [old collection] destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:265 [ref. 28925]. •Synonym of Anguilla mossambica (Peters 1852) -- (Ege 1939:90 [ref. 13172] with question, Castle 1984:37 [ref. 6171]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla mossambica (Peters 1852). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

capensis, Anguilla Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:73 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Grand Namaquois (Namaquas), South Africa. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2337. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:94 [ref. 20810]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Anguilla capensis Kaup 1860. •Synonym of Anguilla mossambica (Peters 1852) -- (Bauchot et al. 1993:94 [ref. 20810]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla mossambica (Peters 1852). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

capitone, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:34, Pl. 3 (fig. 17) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3762. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:94 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first without description in Kaup 1856:55 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:152 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

capitone, Anguilla vulgaris var. Doderlein [P.] 1879:58 [Atti della Accademia di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti di Palermo (Nuova Serie) v. 6; ref. 17413] Name only, not available. •Probably in the synonymy of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater.

celebesensis, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:42, Pl. 6 (fig. 31) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Lake Tondano, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-2150. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:94 [ref. 20810]. •Valid as Anguilla celebesensis Kaup 1856 -- (Ege 1939:10 [ref. 13172], Kottelat et al. 1993:7 [ref. 23448], Aoyama et al. 1996:374 [ref. 24707], Smith 1999:1634 [ref. 24661], Aoyama et al. 2000:159 [ref. 24529], Huang et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25846], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:196 [ref. 28107], Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569], Watanabe et al. 2009:387 [ref. 30611], Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989] dated 1857, Ho et al. 2015:142 [ref. 34130], Miesen et al. 2016:80 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Anguilla celebesensis Kaup 1856. Anguillidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines to central Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

chrisypa, Anguilla Rafinesque [C. S.] 1817:120 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 18584] Lake George, Lake Champlain, and Hudson River above the Falls, U.S.A. No types known. Spelled chrysypa in early literature. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:89 [ref. 13172] as chrysypoa, Smith 1986:62 [ref. 22186] as chrysypa, Smith 1989:34 [ref. 13285], Scott & Crossman 1998:628 [ref. 24570] as chrysypa, Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:96 [ref. 24550] as chrysypa, Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:243 [ref. 25013], Ross et al. 2001:101 [ref. 25978], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061], Boschung & Mayden 2004:129 [ref. 27995]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

clathrata, Anguilla Richardson [J.] 1845:104 [Ichthyology.--Part 3. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur.; ref. 20575] Canton, China. Holotype (unique): UMZC F.2002. Type information: Whitehead & Joysey 1967:149-150 [ref. 19798]. Not available, on Official Index (Opinion 901). •In the synonymy of Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846 -- (Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla clathrata Temminck & Schlegel 1846. Anguillidae.

cloacina, Anguilla Bonaparte [C. L.] 1846:38 [Atti della Settima Adunanza degli Scienziati Italiani Sesta Riunione, Milano 7a Adunanza, Napoli, Part 2; ref. 519] France. No types known. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:220 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cubana, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:44 [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Cuba. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-2105. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:94 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:55 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:90 [ref. 13172], Smith 1989:34 [ref. 13285], Bauchot et al. 1993:94 [ref. 20810], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cuvieri, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:54 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 22 (pt. 1); ref. 2572] Abbeville, France. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3758 (2), 0000-3759 (7). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:94 [ref. 20810]. Also in Kaup 1856:33 [ref. 2573]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1990:152 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

delalandi, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:50, Pl. 8 (fig. 41) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Great Fish River, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype (unique): MNHN (not found). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:124 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first without description in Kaup 1856:55 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla mossambica (Peters 1852) -- (Ege 1939:90 [ref. 13172], Castle 1984:37 [ref. 6171], Castle 1986:161 [ref. 5644], Fricke et al. 2018:31 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla mossambica (Peters 1852). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

dieffenbachii, Anguilla Gray [J. E.] 1842:73 [Zoological Miscellany [No. 1]; ref. 18157] River Thames, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1965.11.5.9. •Valid as Anguilla dieffenbachii Gray 1842 -- (Ege 1939:90 [ref. 13172], Paulin et al. 1989:67 [ref. 24556], McDowall et al. 1998:1 [ref. 23822], Huang et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25846], Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569], Watanabe et al. 2014:574 [ref. 35475], McDowall et al. 2015:222 [ref. 34232]). Current status: Valid as Anguilla dieffenbachii Gray 1842. Anguillidae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

dussumieri, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:51, Pl. 8 (fig. 43) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Mahé, Malabar, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3209. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:95 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first without distinguishing features in Kaup 1856:56 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:151 [ref. 13172], Castle 1984:35 [ref. 6171], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

elphinstonei, Anguilla Sykes [W. H.] 1839:165 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Deccan, India. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:62 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:377, Pl. 67 (fig. 3) [ref. 18868]. •Questionably a synonym of Anguilla nebulosa McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:36 [ref. 13172]). •Synonym of Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1831) -- (Menon 1999:5 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846 -- (Zhang et al. 2010:178 [ref. 31511]) Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1831). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

eurylaema, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:50, Pl. 8 (fig. 40) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN (not found). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:124 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first without description in Kaup 1856:56 [ref. 2572]. Anguillidae.

eurystoma, Anguilla Heckel [J. J.] & Kner [R.] 1857:325, Fig. 168 [Die Süsswasserfische der Österreichischen Monarchie; ref. 2078] Dalmatia, Croatia, Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). Syntypes: (2) NMW 9284 (1). •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:152 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:36 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fasciata, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:48, Pl. 7 (fig. 37) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] No locality. Holotype (unique): RMNH ancient collection (whereabouts unknown). Appeared first without distinguishing features in Kaup 1856:56 [ref. 2572]. Anguillidae.

fidjiensis, Anguilla Günther [A.] 1870:26 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 8; ref. 1995] Fiji Islands: Kandavu, Nairai. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1869.11.12.59 (1). •Synonym of Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard 1824 -- (Ege 1939:36 [ref. 13172], Okada 1961:592 [ref. 6363], Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard 1824. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fluviatilis, Anguilla Gistel [J.] 1848:104 [Naturgeschichte des Thierreichs; ref. 1822] Der Gauzen Erde. No types known. Perhaps not an original description. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fluviatilis, Anguilla Anslijn [N.] 1828:226, Pl. 93 [Systematische Beschrijving der voor ons meest belangrijke visschen.; ref. 13455] •Unneeded new name for Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:220 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952], Parin et al. 2014:47 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fluviatilis, Anguilla vulgaris var. Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:38 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Not available, name only; from Sicily. •In the synonymy of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae.

foochowensis, Anguilla Chu [Y.-T.] & Jin [Y.-T.] in Chu 1984:187, Fig. 126 [ ref. 8173] Fuzhou [Fuchow], China. Holotype (unique): SFC 57-4104. •Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844 -- (Zhang et al. 2010:180 [ref. 31511]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

grassii, Leptocephalus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Kennedy [C. H.] 1902:84, Figs. 1, 1a-b [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 21 (1901); ref. 11071] Atlantic, Albatross station 2103, 38°47'20"N, 72°37'W, depth 0-1091 fathoms; 38°25'N, 72°40'W. Syntypes USNM 49751-52 (1, 1). Type catalog: Smith 1994:3 [ref. 21917]. Appeared as Leptocephalus grassii, sp. nov. = Anguilla chrysypa. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Smith 1989:35, 898 [ref. 13285], Scott & Crossman 1998:628 [ref. 24570], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

guiseau, Muraena anguilla Schneider [J. G.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:560 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] "Sequanam" [Seine River, northern France]. No types known. Based on "Guiseau" (variety of Muraena anguilla Linnaeus 1758) of Lacepède 1800:262 [ref. 2709]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

guttata, Anguilla Cuvier [G.] in Kaup 1856:43 [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Not available, name only mentioned in synonymy of Anguilla marmorata; from Réunion I. Anguillidae.

halmaherensis, Muraena Bleeker [P.] 1863:158 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 1; ref. 17001] Galéla, Halmahera, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:151 [ref. 13172], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hibernica, Anguilla Couch [J.] 1865:328, Pl. 235 [The history of the fishes of the British islands v. 4; ref. 18055] Liffey River, Dublin, Ireland. No types known. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:152 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:36 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hildebrandti, Anguilla Sauvage [H.-E.] (ex Peters) 1891:499, Pl, 49A (fig. 1) [Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar; ref. 14503] Northwestern Madagascar. Syntypes: MNHN 1880-0508 (1), ZMB 11385 (1). Not an independent species description, but based on Anguilla hildebrandti Peters 1881. •In the synonymy of Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard 1824 -- (Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard 1824. Anguillidae. Distribution: RF 2/17. RVL 1/20.

hildebrandti, Anguilla Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1881:19 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1881 (no. 2) (for 15 Feb. 1881); ref. 18546] Northwestern Madagascar. Holotype: ZMB 11385. Paratypes: ?MNHN 1880-0508 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:95 [ref. 20810] but as MNHN A.4146, holotype, for Sauvage 1891:499; Fricke et al. 2018:31 [ref. 35805]. •Synonym of Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard 1824 -- (Ege 1939:36 [ref. 13172], Castle 1984:36 [ref. 6171], Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2018:31 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard 1824. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

huangi, Anguilla Teng [H.-Y.], Lin [Y.-S.] & Tzeng [C.-S.] 2009:812, Figs. 1-2 [Zoological Studies v. 48 (no. 6); ref. 30569] Cagayan River, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: ASIZP 0069360. Paratypes: ASIZP 0069361-9 (9). Anguilla huangi was published Nov. 2009, luzonensis Mar. 2009. •Synonym of Anguilla luzonensis Watanabe, Aoyama & Tsukamoto 2009 -- (Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:46 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla luzonensis Watanabe, Aoyama & Tsukamoto 2009. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater.

inferior, Leptocephalus Shen [S.-C.] 1963:261, Figs. 1-3 [Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum (Taipei) v. 16 (nos 3-4); ref. 5280] Estuary of the Tam-sui River, northern Taiwan. Syntypes: NTUM uncat. (2). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:63 [ref. 31432]. •Larvae, may belong to a species of Anguilla -- (Ho & Shao 2011:63 [ref. 31432]). Anguillidae. Habitat: marine.

interioris, Anguilla Whitley [G. P.] 1938:224, Fig. 1 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 4693] Gumanj, a tributary of Wahgi River, Mt. Hagen District, upper Purari River, central New Guinea, elevation 5700 feet. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.6075. •Synonym of Anguilla reinhardti Steindachner 1867 -- (Allen 1991:41 [ref. 21090]). •Valid as Anguilla interioris Whitley 1938 -- (Ege 1939:10 [ref. 13172], Aoyama et al. 2000:159 [ref. 24529], Smith 1999:1634 [ref. 24661], Huang et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25846], Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569], Watanabe et al. 2009:387 [ref. 30611], Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989] with question, Miesen et al. 2016:80 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Anguilla interioris Whitley 1938. Anguillidae. Distribution: New Guinea to Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

isinglaena, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:50, Pl. 8 (fig. 40) [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 22 (pt. 1); ref. 2572] No locality. Original not seen; still researching. Anguillidae.

japonica, Anguilla Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:258, Pl. 13 (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 3661a. Paralectotypes: RMNH 3659 (1), 3660 (2), 3661b (1). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:185 [ref. 12876]. On the Official List of specific names, Opinion 901. •Valid as Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846 -- (Ege 1939:89 [ref. 13172], Okada 1961:589 [ref. 6363], Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:21 [ref. 6441], Wang 1984:10 [ref. 22951], Kuang & Yu in Kuang et al. 1986:27 [ref. 26639], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:47 [ref. 25598], Zheng et al. 1989:34 [ref. 21202], Kuang in Pan et al. 1991:53 [ref. 23876], Ding 1994:41 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:18 [ref. 25213], Aoyama et al. 1996:374 [ref. 24707], Tagliavini et al. 1996:271 [ref. 25516], Chen et al. 1997:18 [ref. 26476], Cheng & Zhou 1997:96 [ref. 26385], Kim 1997:144 [ref. 24032], Takahashi et al. 1997:42 [ref. 24971] as jaonica, Chen in Chen 1998:40 [ref. 23556], Sato et al. 1998:30 [ref. 24972], Smith 1999:1635 [ref. 24661], Mizuno et al. 1999:5 [ref. 25311], Fuller et al. 1999:36 [ref. 25838], Nakabo 2000:192 [ref. 25086], Matsuura et al. 2000:16 [ref. 26000], Huang et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25846], Kottelat 2001:13 [ref. 25482], Pietsch et al. 2001:139 [ref. 25688], Sakai et al. 2001:85 [ref. 25693], Tang et al. 2001:12 [ref. 25373], Wang et al. 2001:187 [ref. 26566] dated 1847, Kim & Park 2002:42 [ref. 25913], Nakabo 2002:192 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:141, 489 [ref. 26218], Hagiwara 2003:34 [ref. 27188], Jang et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27681], Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569], Yonezawa et al. 2010:250 [ref. 30902], Motomura et al. 2010:70 [ref. 31256], Zhang et al. 2010:178 [ref. 31511], Ho & Shao 2011: 21 [ref. 31432], Psomadakis et al. 2012:15 [ref. 33457], Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989] dated 1847, Watanabe et al. 2014:574 [ref. 35475], Ho et al. 2015:7 [ref. 34116], Ho et al. 2015:142 [ref. 34130], Zhang et al. 2016:46 [ref. 34477], Koeda et al. 2016:6 [ref. 35333], Zhang et al. 2019:125 [ref. 36699]). Current status: Valid as Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846. Anguillidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

johannae, Anguilla Günther [A.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:124, fig'd. [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Johanna Island, Anjouan Island, Comoro Islands. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.3.9.419 (stuffed). •Synonym of Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard 1824 -- (Ege 1939:36 [ref. 13172], Okada 1961:592 [ref. 6363], Castle 1984:36 [ref. 6171], Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2018:30 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard 1824. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kieneri, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:54 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 22 (pt. 1); ref. 2572] Toulon, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: MNHN 0000-3757. Type information: Bauchot et al. 1993:95 [ref. 20810]. Also in Kaup 1856:22, Fig. 15 [ref. 2573]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:152 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

labiata, Muraena (Anguilla) Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1852:684 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1852; ref. 18539] Zambezi and Licuare River, Mozambique. Syntypes: ZMB 6227 (1), 6228 (3, now 2). Also in Peters 1868:94, Pl. 17 [ref. 3440] as anguilla labiata. •Synonym of Anguilla nebulosa McClelland 1844, but a valid subspecies -- (Ege 1939:36 [ref. 13172]). •Synonym of Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1831), but a valid subspecies labita (Peters 1852) -- (Castle 1984:34 [ref. 6171], Castle 1986:160 [ref. 5644], Skelton 1993:107 [ref. 24071], Fricke 1999:37 [ref. 24106], Keith et al. 1999:72 [ref. 24548], Skelton 2001:107 [ref. 27406], Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087], Snoeks 2004:20 [ref. 28111], Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569], Marshall 2011:59 [ref. 31755], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Anguilla labiata (Peters 1852) -- (Fricke et al. 2009:13 [ref. 30213]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1831). Anguillidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean and Africa: South African, East African, Réunion and Mauritius (western Mascarenes) watersheds and adjacent waters of Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

labrosa, Anguilla Richardson [J.] 1848:113 [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] South Seas. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1848.5.18.198. •Synonym of Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard 1824 -- (Ege 1939:36 [ref. 13172], Okada 1961:592 [ref. 6363], Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard 1824. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lacustus, Anguilla vulgaris var. Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:38 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Not available, name only; from Sicily. •In the synonymy of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae.

lalandi, Anguilla Sauvage [H.-E.] 1891:498, Pl. 50 (fig. 6) [Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar; ref. 14503] Incorrect subsequent spelling; appears as above on Pl. 50, but this should have been Anguilla delalandi Kaup as listed on Sauvage's p. 498 as delalandii; not available. Current status: Synonym of Anguilla mossambica (Peters 1852). Anguillidae.

laticanda, Anguilla Rafinesque [C. S.] 1818:447 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 3 (no. 6) (art. 6) (Oct.); ref. 3587] Ohio River, Wabash River, Green River, etc., U.S.A. No types known. Spelled laticanda twice but laticauda intended based on subsequent use by Rafinesque (e.g., 1820:245 [ref. 5088]). See Smith 1989:35 [ref. 13285] for nomenclatural discussion. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:89 [ref. 13172], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061] as laticauda). •Probably fictional -- (see Markle 1997:439 [ref. 23370]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

latirostris, Anguilla Yarrell [W.] 1836:298 [A history of British fishes; ref. 4812] Great Britain. No types known. Apparently independent of, and preoccupied by Anguilla latirostris Risso 1827; objectively invalid. Appeared earlier as the "Grig" without Latinization in Yarrel 1832 [ref. 17746] and perhaps Jenyns 1835 [ref. 18335] (not researched). Anguillidae.

latirostris, Anguilla Risso [A.] 1827:199 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN (not found). •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:220 [ref. 7185], Castle 1984:34 [ref. 6171], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

linearis, Anguilla Hardwicke [T.] in Gray 1831:9 [Zoological Miscellany 1831; ref. 1879] Name only, not available. Anguillidae.

linnei, Anguilla Malm [A. W.] 1877:590 [ ref. 2881] Original as Linnéi. Unneeded replacement name for Muraena anguilla Linnaeus 1758 (to avoid "Strickland tautonomy"). Locality Sweden. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:36 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lutea, Anguilla Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:246 [Western Review and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 5088] Cumberland, Green and Licking rivers, U.S.A. No types known. Also in Rafinesque 1820:78 [ref. 3592]. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:89 [ref. 13172], Smith 1989:34 [ref. 13285], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

luzonensis, Anguilla Watanabe [S.], Aoyama [J.] & Tsukamoto [K.] 2009:389, Fig. 2 [Fisheries Science (Tokyo) v. 75; ref. 30611] Upper reaches of the Pinacanauan River near Saua, north Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: NSMT-P 90000. Paratypes: NSMT-P 90001 (1), 90002 (1), 90003 (1), 90004-28 (25). Predates Anguilla huangi Lin & Tzeng 2009 (Nov.); luzonensis published in Mar. 2009. •Valid as Anguilla luzonensis Watanabe, Aoyama & Tsukamoto 2009 -- (Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989], Ho et al. 2015:142 [ref. 34130], Zhang et al. 2016:46 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Anguilla luzonensis Watanabe, Aoyama & Tsukamoto 2009. Anguillidae. Distribution: Philippines and Taiwan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macrocephala, Muraena Lesueur [C. A.] 1817:82 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 1, no. 5) (19 Aug.); ref. 17509] Saratoga, New York; Philadelphia market, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:89 [ref. 13172], Smith 1986:62 [ref. 22186], Smith 1989:34 [ref. 13285], Scott & Crossman 1998:628 [ref. 24570], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macrocephala, Muraena Rapp [W. L. von] 1849:142, Pl. 2 [Jahreshefte des Vereins für Vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg v. 4; ref. 19492] Umlaas River/Umlazi River, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SMNS 26204. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Muraena macrocephala Lesueur 1817. •Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:151 [ref. 13172], Castle 1984:35 [ref. 6171], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macrophthalmos, Muraena (Anguilla) Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1852:684 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1852; ref. 18539] Tette [Tete], Zambezi River, Mozambique. Holotype (unique): ZMB 6226. Also in Peters 1868:99, Pl. 19 [ref. 3440] as Anguilla macrophthalma. •Synonym of Anguilla nebulosa McClelland 1844, subspecies labiata (Peters 1852) -- (Ege 1939:36 [ref. 13172]). •Synonym of Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1831) subspecies labiata (Peters 1852) -- (Castle 1984:35 [ref. 6171]). •Synonym of Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1931) -- (Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1831). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macrops, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:49, Pl. 7 (fig. 38) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-3154. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:95 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:56 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macroptera, Anguilla McClelland [J.] 1843:407, Pl. 25 (fig. 1) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 2927] Chusan, China. Anguillidae.

maculata, Muraena anguilla Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 115 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Objectively invalid, preoccupied by Muraena maculata Lacepède 1801. Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. Name also appeared in Ninni 1872:50 (not investigated). •In the synonymy of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae.

malabarica, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:52, Pl. 9 (fig. 47) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Malabar, India. Holotype: MNHN 0000-3208. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:95 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:56 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:151 [ref. 13172], Castle 1984:35 [ref. 6171], Bauchot et al. 1993:94 [ref. 20810], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989] dated 1857). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

malgumora, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] (ex Schlegel) 1856:42, Pl. 6 (fig. 30) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Borneo [in error]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9954. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:95 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:55 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844 -- (Menon 1999:6 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Anguilla malgumora Kaup 1856 -- (Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:579 [ref. 23647], Smith 1999:1635 [ref. 24661], Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569]). •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Ege 1939:90 [ref. 13172] with question, Watanabe et al. 2014:568 [ref. 35475]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

manabei, Anguilla Jordan [D. S.] 1913:359, Pl. 57 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 44 (no. 1957); ref. 14960] Rapid in tributary of Yoshino River, near Koyadaira, a village at foot of Mt. Tsurugi, Awa, Shikoku, Japan. Holotype (unique): USNM 74118. Type catalog: Smith 1994:3 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846 -- (Okada 1961:589 [ref. 6363], Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

manillensis, Muraena Bleeker [P.] 1864:31 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 2; ref. 13922] Manila, Philippines. No types known. •Synonym of Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard 1824 -- (Ege 1939:36 [ref. 13172], Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard 1824. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

marginata, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:36, Pl. 4 (fig. 20) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Valencia, Spain. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3765. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:95 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:55 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:152 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

marginipinnis, Anguilla Macleay [W.] 1883:210 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 14342] Lillesmere Lagoon, Burdekin River, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS A.17994 (1), A.17997-99 (1, 1, 1), A.18001 (1); QM I.3497 (1); Macleay Mus. [ex AMS I.17995] (1). Syntype AMS A.17998 is Anguilla reinhardtii Steindachner 1867 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:123 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Anguilla reinhardtii Steindachner 1867 -- (Ege 1939:36 [ref. 13172] as reinhardti). •In part a synonym of Anguilla obscura Günther 1872 -- (Ege 1939:152 [ref. 13172], Paxton et al. 1989:123 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Gates 2006:237 [ref. 28997], Kottelat 2013:39 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla obscura Günther 1872. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

marina, Anguilla vulgaris var. Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:38 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Not available, name only. •In the synonymy of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae.

marina, Muraena anguilla Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 115 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, name only; as Anguilla marina in column 116. Anguillidae.

marmorata, Anguilla Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:241, Pl. 51 (fig. 2) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Waigeo [Waigiou], Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-4109 (1), 0000-3130 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:95 [ref. 20810]. •Valid as Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard 1824 -- (Ege 1939:36 [ref. 13172], Okada 1961:592 [ref. 6363], Castle 1984:36 [ref. 6171], Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:21 [ref. 6441], Castle 1986:161 [ref. 5644], Kuang & Yu in Kuang et al. 1986:28 [ref. 26639], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:50 [ref. 25598], Zheng et al. 1989:33 [ref. 21202], Allen & Coates 1990:53 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:40 [ref. 21090], Kuang in Pan et al. 1991:55 [ref. 23876], Allen et al. 1992:298 [ref. 21400], Kottelat et al. 1993:8 [ref. 23448], Skelton 1993:108 [ref. 24071], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:63 [ref. 22017], Kottelat & Lim 1995:228 [ref. 23210], Zhu 1995:18 [ref. 25213], Rainboth 1996:57 [ref. 22772], Tagliavini et al. 1996:271 [ref. 25516], Kim 1997:146 [ref. 24032], Yue & Chen 1998:51 [ref. 26415], Marquet & Mary 1999:31 [ref. 23933], Marquet et al. 1999:43 [ref. 23934], Fricke 1999:37 [ref. 24106], Keith et al. 1999:69 [ref. 24548], Smith 1999:1635 [ref. 24661], Nakabo 2000:192 [ref. 25086], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:56 [ref. 25191], Stiassny & Harrison 2000:147 [ref. 25252], Matsuura et al. 2000:20 [ref. 26000], Kottelat 2001:13 [ref. 25482], Sakai et al. 2001:85 [ref. 25693], Kottelat 2001:26 [ref. 25780], Huang et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25846], Skelton 2001:108 [ref. 27406], Keith et al. 2002:84 [ref. 31473], Kim & Park 2002:45 [ref. 25913], Nakabo 2002:192 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:141, 490 [ref. 26218], Myers & Donaldson 2003:610 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:6 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3316 [ref. 27945], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:196 [ref. 28107], Mundy 2005:110 [ref. 28379], Watanabe et al. 2008:680 [ref. 29821], Fricke et al. 2009:14 [ref. 30213], Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569], Yonezawa et al. 2010:250 [ref. 30902], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:70 [ref. 31256], Zhang et al. 2010:181 [ref. 31511], Matsunuma et al. 2010:81 [ref. 31558], Fricke et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31242], Marshall 2011:60 [ref. 31755], Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:16 [ref. 33932], Kottelat 2015:40 [ref. 33971], Ho et al. 2015:142 [ref. 34130], Zhang et al. 2016:46 [ref. 34477], Miesen et al. 2016:80 [ref. 34492], Koeda et al. 2016:6 [ref. 35333], Abdul Kadir et al. 2017:103 [ref. 35571], Fricke et al. 2018:30 [ref. 35805], Sulaiman et al. 2018:26 [ref. 35802], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:597 [ref. 36226], Arndt & Fricke 2019:10 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:50 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:61 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard 1824. Anguillidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South African and East African watersheds and adjacent oceanic waters (including Madagascar and Mascarenes) east to Caroline Islands (Micronesia), Mariana Islands, Gambier Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan, south to South Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mauritiana, Anguilla Bennett [E. T.] 1831:128 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 16794] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Dor 1984:26 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1831) -- (Menon 1999:5 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard 1824 -- (Ege 1939:36 [ref. 13172], Okada 1961:592 [ref. 6363], Castle 1984:36 [ref. 6171], Castle 1986:161 [ref. 5644], Kuang & Yu in Kuang et al. 1986:28 [ref. 26639], Kuang in Pan et al. 1991:55 [ref. 23876], Kim 1997:540 [ref. 24032], Fricke 1999:37 [ref. 24106], Choi et al. 2003:490 [ref. 26218], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:316 [ref. 28867], Fricke et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31242], Kottelat 2013:38 [32989], Ho et al. 2015:142 [ref. 34130]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard 1824. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mediorostris, Anguilla Risso [A.] 1827:199 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN (not found). •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:220 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

megastoma, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:50, Pl. 8 (fig. 42) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Mangareva, Gambier Islands, French Polynesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9952. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:96 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:56 [ref. 2572]. •Valid as Anguilla megastoma Kaup 1856 -- (Ege 1939:10 [ref. 13172], Allen 1991:40 [ref. 21090], Marquet & Mary 1999:31 [ref. 23933], Marquet et al. 1999:43 [ref. 23934], Smith 1999:1636 [ref. 24661], Aoyama et al. 2000:159 [ref. 24529], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:56 [ref. 25191], Huang et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25846], Keith et al. 2002:86 [ref. 31473], Randall et al. 2004:6 [ref. 27624], McCosker et al. 2007:144 [ref. 28973], Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569], Watanabe et al. 2009:387 [ref. 30611], Fricke et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Anguilla megastoma Kaup 1856. Anguillidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Caledonia to Society and Gambier islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

melanochir, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:35, Pl. 4 (fig. 19) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Tiber River, Italy. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3764. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:96 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:55 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:152 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

microptera, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:36, Pl. 4 (fig. 21) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Bay of Algeciras, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3766. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:96 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:55 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:152 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

migratoria, Anguilla Krøyer [H. N.] 1849:616 [Danmarks Fiske; ref. 18437] Denmark. No types known. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

moa, Anguilla Bleeker [P.] 1849:22 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 12); ref. 16883] Jakarta, Banjumas, Ambarawa, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: SMNS 10652 (1) Java. •Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:151 [ref. 13172], Menon 1999:6 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

morena, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:35, Pl. 3 (fig. 18) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3763. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:96 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:55 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:152 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mossambica, Muraena (Anguilla) Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1852:684 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1852; ref. 18539] Molumbo [Lumbo] River, Mozambique [East Africa]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 6230. Also in Peters 1868:98, Pl. 18 (fig. 1) [ref. 3440] as Anguilla mossambica. •Valid as Anguilla mossambica (Peters 1852) -- (Ege 1939:90 [ref. 13172], Castle 1984:36 [ref. 6171], Castle 1986:161 [ref. 5644], Skelton 1993:105 [ref. 24071], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:63 [ref. 22017], Tagliavini et al. 1996:271 [ref. 25516], Aoyama et al. 1996:374 [ref. 24707], Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Fricke 1999:38 [ref. 24106], Keith et al. 1999:76 [ref. 24548], Stiassny & Harrison 2000:147 [ref. 25252], Huang et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25846], Skelton 2001:105 [ref. 27406], Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087], Fricke et al. 2009:14 [ref. 30213], Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569], Marshall 2011:61 [ref. 31755], Fricke et al. 2018:31 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:10 [ref. 36883]). Current status: Valid as Anguilla mossambica (Peters 1852). Anguillidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean, southeastern Africa: South African and East African watersheds and adjacent oceanic waters including Madagascar and western Mascarenes. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mowa, Anguilla Bleeker [P.] 1852:16 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 25 (art. 5); ref. 339] Jakarta, Banjoemas, Ambarawa, and Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: (5). Unjustified emendatioin of Anguilla moa Bleeker 1849. •In the synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:151 [ref. 13172], Menon 1999:6 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mucrocephala, Anguilla vulgaris var. De la Pylaie [A. J. M.] 1835:529 [Congrès Scientifique de France v. 2 (Sept. 1834) (art. 5); ref. 1086] Typed as mucrocephala in hand-typed copy taken from original in CAS files; original not seen. Appeared as a variety of "L'Anguille ordinaire..." Not available, not distinguished from other forms. •In the synonymy of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:220 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: marine.

nebulosa, Anguilla McClelland [J.] 1844:179, 202, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Bengal, India and Sandoway, Burma. Syntypes: SMF 993 (1). •Synonym of Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1831) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:74 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:5 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:55 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Anguilla nebulosa McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:36 [ref. 13172], Pethiyagoda 1991:46 [ref. 20075], Kottelat et al. 1993:8 [ref. 23448], Zhu 1995:18 [ref. 25213], Huang et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25846], Zhang et al. 2010:182 [ref. 31511], Zhang et al. 2016:46 [ref. 34477], Miesen et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Anguilla nebulosa McClelland 1844. Anguillidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nepalensis, Neoanguilla Shrestha [T. K.] 2008:236 [Ichthyology of Nepal; ref. 29923] Genus Neoanguilla and species nepalensis described provisionally from one saved specimen. Not available on Art. 16.1 and 16.4. Author intends new descriptions when more specimens are available (pers. comm. 11/28/08). Specimen from Nepal. Anguillidae.

nigricans, Anguilla Chu [Y.-T.] & Wu [Y. T.] in Chu 1984:185, Fig. 124 [ ref. 8173] Xiamen, China. Holotype (unique): SFC 60-9452. Second author is H. W. Wu. •Valid as Anguilla nigricans Chu & Wu 1984 -- (Kuang in Pan et al. 1991:54 [ref. 23876]). •Synonym of Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846 -- (Zhang et al. 2010:178 [ref. 31511], Zhang et al. 2016:46 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nigropunctata, Anguilla Cuvier [G.] in Kaup 1856:53 [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Not available, name (as Anguilla nigro-punctata) mentioned in synonymy of Anguilla australis. Anguillidae.

nilotica, Anguilla Heckel [J. J.] 1847:313 [Reisen in Europa, Asien und Africa v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 2068] Nile River, Egypt, North Africa. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3769 to 0000-3771 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:96 [ref. 20810] but with authorship as Kaup 1857. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) [sometimes with authorship as Kaup 1856 or 1857] -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Castle 1984:34 [ref. 6171], Smith 1990:152 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

novaeorleanensis, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:43, Pl. 6 (fig. 33) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN B-2111 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:96 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:55 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:90 [ref. 13172], Smith 1989:34 [ref. 13285], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

novaeterrae, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:45, Pl. 7 (fig. 35) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Newfoundland, Canada. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-2106. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:96 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:55 [ref. 2572] as novaterrae. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Leusuer 1817) -- (Ege 1939:90 [ref. 13172], Smith 1989:34 [ref. 13285], Bauchot et al. 1993:94 [ref. 20810], Scott & Crossman 1998:628 [ref. 24570], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

oblongirostris, Anguilla Blanchard [C. E.] 1866:496 [Les poissons des eaux douces de la France; ref. 310] Huveaune stream, near Marseille, France; Lot river; Lake Bourget, France. Syntypes: MNHN 1880-0343 (5), 9985 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:96 [ref. 20810]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:152 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:36 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

obscura, Anguilla Günther [A.] 1872:673 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] Kanathea, Fiji Islands. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1871.9.13.145. •Valid as Anguilla obscura Günther 1872 -- (Ege 1939:152 [ref. 13172], Castle 1984:37 [ref. 6171], Paxton et al. 1989:123 [ref. 12442], Allen 1991:41 [ref. 21090], Marquet & Mary 1999:31 [ref. 23933], Marquet et al. 1999:43 [ref. 23934], Smith 1999:1636 [ref. 24661], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:56 [ref. 25191], Huang et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25846], Allen et al. 2002:62 [ref. 25930], Keith et al. 2002:88 [ref. 31473], Randall et al. 2004:6 [ref. 27624], McCosker et al. 2007:144 [ref. 28973], Hoese & Gates 2006:237 [ref. 28997], Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569], Fricke et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31242], Kottelat 2013:39 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:16 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34492], Pusey et al. 2017:17 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Anguilla obscura Günther 1872. Anguillidae. Distribution: Eastern Australia and Papua New Guinea east to Tuamotu Archipelago and Gambier Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

occidentalis, Anguilla australis forma Schmidt [E. J.] 1928:198, 203, Fig. 9d-f [Records of the Australian Museum v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 18703] Eastern Australia and Lord Howe Island. Syntypes: (several) ?AMS IA.3995-97 (3) Lord Howe I. Appeared first as a postscript in Schmidt 1928:388 [ref. 18704] but without identifying characters. Described as a new "forma" along with A. a. orientalis, the forma occurring in New Zealand (for which features were provided). •Synonym of Anguilla australis Richardson 1841 -- (Ege 1939:152 [ref. 13172], Paxton et al. 1989:122 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:304 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Gates 2006:236 [ref. 28997], Kuiter 2018:11 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla australis Richardson 1841. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

orientalis, Anguilla australis forma Schmidt [E. J.] 1928:388 [Transactions of the New Zealand Institute v. 58 (no. 4); ref. 18704] New Zealand. Syntypes: (several) Carlsberg Lab., Copenhagen or NMNZ. Name first mentioned in the postscript of the above reference, but treated in more detail in Schmidt 1928 [ref. 18703]. •Synonym of Anguilla australis Richardson 1841, subspecies schmidtii Phillipps 1925 -- (Ege 1939:152 [ref. 13172] as schmidti). •Synonym of Anguilla australis Richardson 1841 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:122 [ref. 12442]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla australis Richardson 1841. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ornithorincha, Anguilla var. De la Pylaie [A. J. M.] 1835:529 [Congrès Scientifique de France v. 2 (Sept. 1834) (art. 5); ref. 1086] Appeared as a variety of "L'Anguille ordinaire..." = vulgaris. Not available, not distinguished from other forms. •In the synonymy of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:220 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:390 [ref. 24843] as ornithorhyncha, Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae.

orthoentera, Anguilla Balsamo-Crivelli [G. G.] & Maggi [L.] 1873:229, Pl. [Memorie del Reale Istituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere, Classe di Scienze Matematiche e Naturali v. 12 [=(Ser. 3) v. 3]; ref. 15763] Italy. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

otaheitensis, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1859:17, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der Naturwissenschaften herausgegeben von dem Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein in Hamburg v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 2586] Tahiti, Society Islands. Holotype (unique): ZMH H388. Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:160 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:404 [ref. 21161]. •Synonym of Anguilla megastoma Kaup 1856 -- (Ege 1939:10 [ref. 13172]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla megastoma Kaup 1856. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

oxycephala, Anguilla var. De la Pylaie [A. J. M.] 1835:529 [Congrès Scientifique de France v. 2 (Sept. 1834) (art. 5); ref. 1086] Appeared as a variety of "L'Anguille ordinaire..." = vulgaris. Not available, not distinguished from other forms. •In the synonymy of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:220 [ref. 7185], Tesch 1991:390 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae.

oxyrhina, Muraena Ekström [C. U.] 1832:287 [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm; ref. 13467] Mörkö Island, near Stockholm, Sweden. No types known. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:220 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:390 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pacifica, Anguilla Schmidt [E. J.] 1928:190, 206 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 18703] Pacific, north of the equator. Syntypes: (several) whereabouts unknown. Written description of this species is apparently lacking in the text, but several tables within the work list meristic counts. Often seen dated to Schmidt 1932. •Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:152 [ref. 13172], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844, but a valid subspecies pacifica Schmidt 1928 -- (Allen & Coates 1990:54 [ref. 25561], Allen et al. 1992:298 [ref. 21400], Keith et al. 1999:74 [ref. 24548], Huang et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25846], Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569], Motomura et al. 2010:69 [ref. 31256]). •Valid as Anguilla pacifica Schmidt 1928 -- (Fricke et al. 2014:16 [ref. 33932], Ho et al. 2015:141 [ref. 34130] as Anguilla bicolor pacifica). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844. Anguillidae. Distribution: Western Pacific (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pekinensis, Muraena Basilewsky [S.] 1855:246, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Nouveaux mémoires de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou v. 10; ref. 200] China: streams near Tianjin and Beijing. No types at ZIN. •Synonym of Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846 -- (Ege 1939:89 [ref. 13172], Zhang et al. 2010:178 [ref. 31511], Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

platirostris, Anguilla vulgaris var. Doderlein [P.] 1879:58 [Atti della Accademia di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti di Palermo (Nuova Serie) v. 6; ref. 17413] Name only, not available. •Probably in the synonymy of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater.

platycephala, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:38, Pl. 5 (fig. 25) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Abbeville, France. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3210 (1), 0000-5707 (now 4). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:97 [ref. 20810] with 3210 as holotype. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:55 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:152 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843] as platycephalo, Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

platyrhina, Muraena Ekström [C. U.] 1832:287 [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm; ref. 13467] Mörkö Island, near Stockholm, Sweden. No types known. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:220 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:390 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

platyrhynchus, Anguilla Costa [O. G.] 1850:Anguilla p. 50, Pls. 58, 60 (figs. 3a, 3b) [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Lake Ligola, Italy. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Published 10 July 1850. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:389 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

platyura, Anguilla var. De la Pylaie [A. J. M.] 1835:529 [Congrès Scientifique de France v. 2 (Sept. 1834) (art. 5); ref. 1086] Appeared as a variety of "L'Anguille ordinaire..." = vulgaris. Not available, not distinguished from other forms. •In the synonymy of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:220 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:390 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae.

porphyrea, Anguilla Günther [A.] (ex Hodgson) 1861:226 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1861 (pt 2) (art. 3) (for 28 May 1861); ref. 18214] Rosi Khola, a clear hill-stream, central region of Nepal. No types known. Based on a drawing. Perhaps not intended as new by Günther, who cited Hodgson's species name. Anguillidae.

punctatissima, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:44 [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Niagara Falls, U.S.A. and Canada. Holotype (unique): MNHN (not found). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:124 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first without description in Kaup 1856:55 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:90 [ref. 13172], Smith 1986:62 [ref. 22186], Smith 1989:34 [ref. 13285], Scott & Crossman 1998:628 [ref. 24570], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

reinhardtii, Anguilla Steindachner [F.] 1867:15, Figs. a-b [Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 55 (1. Abth.); ref. 4214] Fitzroy River, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): NMW 3307. •Valid as Anguilla reinhardtii Steindachner 1867 -- (Ege 1939:36 [ref. 13172] as reinhardti, Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:56 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:123 [ref. 12442], Allen 1991:41 [ref. 21090], Kuiter 1993:29 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:205 [ref. 22532], Aoyama et al. 1996:374 [ref. 24707] as reinharddtii, Beumer in McDowall 1996:42 [ref. 22909], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:145 [ref. 25528], McDowall et al. 1998:1 [ref. 23822], Marquet & Mary 1999:31 [ref. 23933], Smith 1999:1636 [ref. 24661], Johnson 1999:721 [ref. 25471], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Allen et al. 2000:30 [ref. 27467], Huang et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25846] as reinhardti, Allen et al. 2002:63 [ref. 25930], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:196 [ref. 28107], Hoese & Gates 2006:237 [ref. 28997], Gomon 2008:157 [ref. 30616], Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569], Fricke et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31242], Kottelat 2013:39 [ref. 32989], McDowall et al. 2015:223 [ref. 34232], Pusey et al. 2017:16 [ref. 35250], Kuiter 2018:12 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Valid as Anguilla reinhardtii Steindachner 1867. Anguillidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Australia, New Guinea and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

remifera, Anguilla Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1902:325, Fig. 7 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 25 (no. 1289); ref. 2447] Hokoto [Hokuto, Taipei City], Taiwan. Holotype: ZUMT 12064 (apparently lost). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:21 [ref. 31432]. The holotype is apparently lost (Kazuo Sakamoto, pers. comm. 2007, cited in Ho & Shao 2011:21 [ref. 31432]). •Synonym of Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846 -- (Ege 1939:89 [ref. 13172], Okada 1961:589 [ref. 6363], Ho & Shao 2011:21 [ref. 31432], Kottelat 2013:38 [ref. 32989], Ho et al. 2015:142 [ref. 34130], Ho et al. 2015:7 [ref. 34116]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rostrata, Muraena Lesueur [C. A.] 1817:81 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 1, no. 5) (19 Aug.); ref. 17509] Cayuga and Geneva lakes, New York, U.S.A. No types known. See Smith 1989:35 [ref. 13285] for nomenclatural discussion. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Chereshnev 1996:599 [ref. 24659]). •Valid as Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:89 [ref. 13172], Lee et al. 1980:59 [ref. 22416], Villa 1982:81 [ref. 36708], Smith 1986:59 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:49 [ref. 23100], Bussing 1987:64 [ref. 22927], Robison & Buchanan 1988:102 [ref. 23393], Scott & Scott 1988:75 [ref. 25518], Smith 1989:34, 898 [ref. 13285], McAllister 1990:46 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:33 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:32 [ref. 18983], Cervigón 1991:28 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:31 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:254 [ref. 23827], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:8 [ref. 22290], Etnier & Starnes 1993:119 [ref. 22809], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:203 [ref. 21581], Warren et al. 1994:132 [ref. 25557], Knight & Hastings 1994:149 [ref. 25560], Stauffer et al. 1995:44 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:39 [ref. 23394], Tagliavini et al. 1996:271 [ref. 25516], Aoyama et al. 1996:374 [ref. 24707], Mettee et al. 1996:111 [ref. 25836], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:53 [ref. 22947], Murdy et al. 1997:62 [ref. 23144], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:222 [ref. 23897], Bussing 1998:64 [ref. 24179], Aguilera 1998:46 [ref. 24221], Scott & Crossman 1998:624 [ref. 24570], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:95 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:128 [ref. 25013], Fuller et al. 1999:37 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:21 [ref. 26594], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:147 [ref. 27754], Huang et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25846], Ross et al. 2001:99 [ref. 25978], Smith & Tighe in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:93 [ref. 26158], Lim et al. 2002:64 [ref. 28310], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061], Smith 2003:692 [ref. 26989], Nelson et al. 2004:60 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:67 [ref. 27882], Miller & Robison 2004:64 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:129 [ref. 27995], Scharpf 2005:9 [ref. 28940], Miller 2006:87 [ref. 28615], Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569], Minckley & Marsh 2009:70 [ref. 31114], Matamoros et al. 2009:7 [ref. 31241], Møller et al. 2010:20 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:117 [ref. 31212], Page & Burr 2011:146 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:60 [ref. 32708], Phillip et al. 2013:14 [ref. 32896], Angulo et al. 2013:989 [ref. 33194], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:22 [ref. 33341], Springer & Johnson 2015:607 [ref. 33937], Robins et al. 2018:61 [ref. 35886], Carneiro et al. 2019:69 [ref. 37250], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:251 [ref. 37108]). Current status: Valid as Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic north to Newfoundland and Greenland; North, Central and South America; West Indies and in Atlantic and Caribbean draining rivers; eastern Atlantic: rarely Azores. Introduced in Italy. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

savignyi, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:55 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 22 (pt. 1); ref. 2572] [Napoli] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: MNHN 0000-3131 [?3731]. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:97 [ref. 20810]. Also in Kaup 1856:34 [ref. 2573]. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:152 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:390 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

schmidtii, Anguilla Phillipps [W. J.] 1925:30, Fig. 4 [The New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 23932] Foxton, western coast of Wellington, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): NMNZ. •Synonym of Anguilla australis Richardson 1841, but a valid subspecies -- (Ege 1939:152 [ref. 13172], Marquet & Mary 1999:31 [ref. 23933], Huang et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25846] as schmidti and Phillips, Teng et al. 2009:817 [ref. 30569]). •Synonym of Anguilla australis Richardson 1841 -- (Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:316 [ref. 28867], Fricke et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla australis Richardson 1841. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

septembrina, Anguilla Bonaparte [C. L.] 1846:38 [Atti della Settima Adunanza degli Scienziati Italiani Sesta Riunione, Milano 7a Adunanza, Napoli, Part 2; ref. 519] Not available, no distinguishing featues. •In the synonymy of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:221 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Tesch 1991:390 [ref. 24843], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae.

serpentina, Muraena Lesueur [C. A.] 1817:81 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 1, no. 5) (19 Aug.); ref. 17509] Harbor of Newport, Rhode Island, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:89 [ref. 13172], Smith 1989:34 [ref. 13285], Scott & Crossman 1998:628 [ref. 24570], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sidat, Anguilla Bleeker [P.] 1852:17 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 25 (art. 5); ref. 339] Tjikandi, Tjampea, Jakarta, and western Java, Indonesia. Syntypes and/or Bleeker specimens: (12) AMS B.8207 (1), BMNH 1867.11.28.231 [or .231] (1) no locality, NMV A947 (2). •Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:151 [ref. 13172], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sinensis, Anguilla McClelland [J.] 1843:406, Pl. 25 (fig. 2) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 2927] Chusan, China. No types known. •Synonym of Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846 -- (Zhang et al. 2010:178 [ref. 31511], Ho et al. 2015:142 [ref. 34130]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel 1846. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

spengeli, Anguilla Weber [M.] 1912:591, Fig. G [Zoologische Jahrbücher. Jena, Supplementband Suppl. 15 (no. 1); ref. 17832] Java, Indonesia; Borneo. Syntypes: (several) ZMA 116466 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:7 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:152 [ref. 13172], Kottelat et al. 1993:7 [ref. 23448], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tenuirostris, Anguilla DeKay [J. E.] 1842:310, Pl. 53 (fig. 173) [Zoology of New-York; ref. 1098] New York, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:89 [ref. 13172], Smith 1986:62 [ref. 22186], Smith 1989:34 [ref. 13285], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

texana, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:45, Pl. 7 (fig. 36) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Texas, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-2109. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:97 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:56 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:90 [ref. 13172], Smith 1989:34 [ref. 13285], Bauchot et al. 1993:94 [ref. 20810], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tyrannus, Anguilla Girard [C. F.] 1858:171 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 10; ref. 1813] Mouth of Rio Grande del Norte (Rio Bravo), Texas, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 857 [= USNM 43108]. See also Girard 1859:75, Pl. 40 [ref. 13405]. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:90 [ref. 13172], Smith 1989:34 [ref. 13285], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:96 [ref. 24550], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

variegata, Anguilla McClelland [J.] 1844:179, 204, 208, Pl. 9 (fig. 7) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Ganges at Behar, Bengal, India. No types known. •Synonym of Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1831) -- (Menon 1999:5 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bengalensis (Gray 1831). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

virescens, Muraena (Anguilla) Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1852:684 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1852; ref. 18539] Licuare River at Boror, Mozambique. Syntypes: ZMB 6229 (2). Also in Peters 1868:101, Pl. 18 (fig. 2) [ref. 3440] as Anguilla virescens. •Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844 -- (Ege 1939:151 [ref. 13172], Castle 1984:35 [ref. 6171], Kottelat 2013:37 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla bicolor McClelland 1844. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vulgaris, Anguilla Shaw [G.] 1803:15 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] No locality. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:18 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Based in part on Muraena anguilla Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:220 [ref. 7185], Castle 1984:34 [ref. 6171], Smith 1990:151 [ref. 13454], Lévèque et al. 1991:133 [ref. 31367], Kottelat 1997:35 [ref. 22952], Fricke 1999:18 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:30 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:16 [ref. 37112], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:17 [ref. 36649], Zhang et al. 2010:177 [ref. 31511]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vulgaris, Anguilla Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:37 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. New name for Muraena anguilla Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:102 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus 1758). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

wabashensis, Anguilla Kaup [J. J.] 1856:46 [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Wabash River, tributary of Ohio River, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-2117. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:97 [ref. 20810]. Appeared first as name only in Kaup 1856:56 [ref. 2572]. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:90 [ref. 13172], Smith 1989:34 [ref. 13285], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

waitei, Anguilla Phillipps [W. J.] 1925:28, Fig. 1 [The New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 23932] Smith's Bay, Makara, North Island, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ. Other material or paratypes: (1) Karori, (1) near Kaikohe. •Synonym of Anguilla dieffenbachii Gray 1842 -- (Ege 1939:90 [ref. 13172] as dieffenbachi). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla dieffenbachii Gray 1842. Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

xanthomelas, Anguilla Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:245 [Western Review and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 5088] Ohio River, U.S.A. No types known. Also in Rafinesque 1820:78 [ref. 3592]. •Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817) -- (Ege 1939:89 [ref. 13172], Smith 1989:34 [ref. 13285], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur 1817). Anguillidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.