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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Apogonidae: [ 526 ] records


abo, Apogon Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:402 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Sepik River at Koragu, New Guinea. Holotype: FMNH 17307. Paratypes: FMNH 17308-10 (1, 1, 1); CAS-SU 24460 (1 of 3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:10 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Glossamia gjellerupi (Weber 1929) -- (Allen & Coates 1990:85 [ref. 25561]). •Valid as Glossamia abo (Herre 1935) -- (T. Fraser pers. com. 9/2000, Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426]). Current status: Valid as Glossamia abo (Herre 1935). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

abocellata, Fowleria Goren [M.] & Karplus [I.] 1980:232, Pl. 1; Fig. 1 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 55 (no. 20); ref. 6903] Eilat, Israel, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Holotype: TAU 7377 [= SMNHTAU]. Paratypes: RMNH 28022 [ex TAU [= SMNHTAU] 7378] (2), TAU [= SMNHTAU] 7378 (now 2). •Valid as Foa abocellata (Goren & Karplus 1980) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:144 [ref. 6441], Ho et al. 1993:8 [ref. 22789], Nakabo 2000:754 [ref. 25086] with authors as Goren & Karpuls, Nakabo 2002:754 [ref. 26001] with authors as Goren & Karpuls). •See Anderson et al. 1998:23 [ref. 23611]. •Valid as Fowleria abocellata Goren & Karplus 1980 -- (Dor 1984:118 [ref. 29757], Paxton et al. 1989:554 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:31 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:151 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Randall et al. 1994:227 [ref. 21645], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:164 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:152 [ref. 23922], Fricke 1999:234 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945]). •Synonym of Fowleria vaiulae (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Gon & Randall 2003:36 [ref. 26750], Randall 2005:200 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:330 [ref. 28867], Allen et al. 2006:1102 [ref. 29004], Golani & Fricke 2018:74 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:37 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Synonym of Fowleria vaiulae (Jordan & Seale 1906). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

abrogramma, Apogon Fraser [T. H.] & Lachner [E. A.] 1985:5, Fig. 1 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 412; ref. 5215] West of northwestern tip of Anonyme Island, Seychelles. Holotype: USNM 213094. Paratypes: ANSP 127821 (12); FMNH 75703 (3), 75692 (1), 75794-97 (1, 32, 3, 35), 75848 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 1894 (5), 3308-09 (2, 1); USNM 205216 (4), 211584-97 (16, 23, 7, 4, 2, 12, 9, 7, 5, 5, 2, 2, 25, 5), 225693-94 (15, 7). •Valid as Apogon abrogramma Fraser & Lachner 1985 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Pristiapogon abrogramma (Fraser & Lachner 1985) -- (Randall 2005:210 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:406 [ref. 31980] as abogramma, Fricke et al. 2014:76 [ref. 33932] as abogramma, Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Fricke et al. 2018:173 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:137 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pristiapogon abrogramma (Fraser & Lachner 1985). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar and Comoro Islands east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

adspersus, Apogonichthys Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:226 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 761] Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:95 [ref. 12478]. •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Incertae sedis in Apogonidae -- (Allen et al. 2006:1112 [ref. 29004]). Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

affinis, Chilodipterus Poey [F.] 1875:58 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 11 (nos 3-4) (art. 6); ref. 18564] Havana, Cuba. Syntypes: (3) USNM 37416 (orig. 3, now 2). •Valid as Apogon affinis (Poey 1875) -- (Fraser & Robins 1970:311 [ref. 1485], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:319 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:152 [ref. 23100], Maugé 1990:714 [ref. 17126], Boschung 1992:126 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1993:20 [ref. 24474], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:223 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:220 [ref. 28815], Wirtz et al. 2007:10, 31 [ref. 30263], Baldwin et al. 2011:19 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:123 [ref. 32972], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:45 [ref. 33341], Gon in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2427 [ref. 34618]). •Valid as Paroncheilus affinis (Poey 1875) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:42 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Paroncheilus affinis (Poey 1875). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western and eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

africanus, Gymnapogon Smith [J. L. B.] 1954:791, Fig. 3; Pl. 13 (fig. F) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 7 (no. 82) (art. 97); ref. 4093] Shimoni, Kenya, 4°40'S, 39°30'E. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 358. Paratypes: (17) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 776-778 (5, 1, 4), 853 (2). •Valid as Gymnapogon africanus Smith 1954 -- (Gon 1986:560 [ref. 5657], Gon & Golani 2002:348 [ref. 26497], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Fraser 2016:431 [ref. 34421], Fricke et al. 2018:169 [ref. 35805], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:74 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Gymnapogon africanus Smith 1954. Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa to Seychelles and Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

ahimsa, Apogonichthys Whitley [G. P.] 1959:314 [Australian Zoologist v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 4729] Heron Island, Capricorn Group, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.4036. Paratypes: AMS IB.4037-39 (8 in 1 bottle), IB.4056 (1) •Synonym of Apogonichthys ocellatus (Weber 1913) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:551 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Apogon chrysurus Ogilby 1889 -- (Fraser 2006:140 [ref. 28665] but misspelled ahmisa). •Valid as Apogonichthys ahimsa Whitley 1959 -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:6 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthys ahimsa Whitley 1959. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

albimaculosus, Apogon Kailola [P. J.] 1976:131, Fig. 1 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 30 (no. 8); ref. 7344] Between Gloucester Island and Bowen, northern Queensland, Australia, 20°01'S, 148°15'E, depth 10 fathoms. Holotype: AMS IB.8347. Paratypes: AMS I.15557-287 (1), I.16232-001 (2, 1 c&s), I.16895-001 (1), I.16896-001 (1), 17818-001 (1); CSIRO A 2521 (1). •Valid as Apogon albimaculosus Kailola 1976 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:545 [ref. 12442], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:356 [ref. 23967], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Fraser 2006:140 [ref. 28665], Allen et al. 2006:1083 [ref. 29004], Larson et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32988]). •Valid as Foa albimaculosa (Kailola 1976) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:379 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426]). •Valid as Ozichthys albimaculosus (Kailola 1976) -- (Fraser 2014:285 [ref. 33453], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:17 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ozichthys albimaculosus (Kailola 1976). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: northern Australia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

albomarginata, Amia Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:438, Pl. 35 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1868); ref. 3576] Fish market, Cavite, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 68402. •Synonym of Apogon novaeguineae Valenciennes 1832 -- (Gon 1997:170 [ref. 23065] as novaeguinae). •Valid as Apogon albomarginata (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Hayashi 2004:46 [ref. 27898], Kottelat 2013:329 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Jaydia novaeguineae (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Yu et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34816]). •Valid as Jaydia albomarginata (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426] as albimarginatus, Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429] as albomarginatus, Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:239 [ref. 34742], Motomura et al. 2017:97 [ref. 35490], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:169 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia albomarginata (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

alleni, Cheilodipterus Gon [O.] 1993:10, Pl. 4 (fig. A); Figs. 3A, 4 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 22; ref. 21133] Outer reef caves, Tab Island, Madang, Papua New Guinea, depth 12-17 meters. Holotype: WAM P.30364-006. Paratypes: BMNH 1993.10.26.1 (1); USNM 326643 (1); WAM P.30340-002 (1), P.30361-001 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:26 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Cheilodipterus alleni Gon 1993 -- (Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Allen & Erdmann 2012:375 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:70 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Ranjith et al. 2015:57 [ref. 34723], Fricke et al. 2019:131 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:53 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus alleni Gon 1993. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

alutus, Apogon Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:279 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 282); ref. 2472] Snapper banks off Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. (stomach content). Holotype (unique): USNM 30874. •Valid as Astrapogon alutus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:153 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:127 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1993:22 [ref. 24474], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:29 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:229 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2009:16 [ref. 30053], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:46 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:42 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Astrapogon alutus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

amblyuropterus, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1853:695 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 16833] Wahai, Ceram, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5612. •Valid as Fowleria amblyuroptera (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:14 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Fowleria amblyuroptera (Bleeker 1853). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Ceram (Maluku, Indonesia)

amblyuropterus, Cheilodipterus Bleeker [P.] 1856:395 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 11 (no. 2); ref. 353] Kajeli, Buru Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5613. Apparently not the same as Apogon amblyuropterus Bleeker 1852, but needs further research. •Valid as Pseudamia amblyuroptera (Bleeker 1852) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:150 [ref. 6441] as amblyuropteraus, Randall et al. 1985:5 [ref. 9188], Randall & Ida 1993:11 [ref. 20715], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:510 [ref. 25919], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Myers 1999:134 [ref. 23965], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830] dated to 1856, Yoshigou & Yoshino 2004:2 [ref. 27713], Allen et al. 2006:1106 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:55 [ref. 31255], Allen & Erdmann 2012:408 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:77 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:40 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2019:138 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:189 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pseudamia amblyuroptera (Bleeker 1856). Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Singapore and Indonesia east to Palau, Yap Island and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Philippines. Habitat: brackish, marine.

amboinensis, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1853:329 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5117] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3) lost. •Valid as Apogon amboinensis Bleeker 1853 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:148 [ref. 6441], Yu & Zhou in Kuang et al. 1986:225 [ref. 26639], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:517 [ref. 25598], Allen 1991:131 [ref. 21090], Ye in Pan et al. 1991:371 [ref. 23876], Kottelat et al. 1993:109 [ref. 23448], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:767 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Sakai et al. 2001:96 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:767 [ref. 26001], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Shao et al. 2008:249 [ref. 29952], Yoshida & Motomura 2009:96 [ref. 30885], Yoshida et al. 2010:28 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:104 [ref. 31256], Kottelat 2013:329 [ref. 32989] dated 1854). •Valid as Ostorhinchus amboinensis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Fricke et al. 2014:73 [ref. 33932]). •Valid as Fibramia amboinensis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:183 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Fibramia amboinensis (Bleeker 1853). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines to Papua New Guinea, north to Japan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

americana, Apogon rexmullorum var. Pictet [F.-J.] 1836:185 [Bibliothèque Universelle de Genève. Nouvelle Sér. v. 1; ref. 26136] Syntypes: MHNG 1060.89 (1). Type catalog: Weber 1998:12 [ref. 23532]. Species originally as rex mullorum. Species apparently predates Apogon americanus Castelnau 1855; a species currently recognized as valid. Current usage should be maintained. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

americanum, Apogon Castelnau [F. L.] 1855:3, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Animaux nouveaux or rares v. 2; ref. 766] Bahia, Brazil. Holotype: MNHN 0000-8688. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:59 [ref. 12478]. Apparently preoccupied by Apogon rexmullorum var americana Pictet 1836 -- an unused name; current usage should be continued. •Valid as Apogon americanus Castelnau 1855 -- (Gilbert 1977:27 [ref. 21333], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1644 [ref. 25634], Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Feitoza et al. 2003:68 [ref. 26943], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:78 [ref. 27192], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Pinheiro et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34324], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:24 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon americanus Castelnau 1855. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Brazil, including Fernando Noronha Archipelago and Saint Paul's Rocks. Habitat: marine.

andhrae, Apogon Dutt [S.] & Radhakrishna Rao [M. P. R.] 1980:743, Fig. 1a [Journal of Natural History v. 14 (no. 5); ref. 8723] Visakhapatnam, India. Holotype: BMNH 1978.12.18.1 (82 mm). Paratypes: (6) BMNH 1978.12.18.2 (1); plus additional material (12). •Synonym of Apogon smithi (Kotthaus 1970) -- (Gon 1997:177 [ref. 23065]). •Synonym of Jaydia smithi Kotthaus 1970. Current status: Synonym of Jaydia smithi Kotthaus 1970. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

angustata, Amia Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1911:253, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1853); ref. 14806] Malanipa Island, east of Zamboanga, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 68399. Paratypes: (1). First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Apogon angustatus (Smith & Radcliffe 1911) -- (Dor 1984:111 [ref. 29757], Gon 1986:548 [ref. 5657], Randall & Lachner 1986:117 [ref. 9722], Allen & Swainston 1988:66 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:545 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:29 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:138 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:144 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:138 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:125 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:224 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Randall 1999:13 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:772 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:211 [ref. 25191], Randall 2001:57 [ref. 25215], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:772 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Fraser & Randall 2003:5 [ref. 26789], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624] dated 1912, Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:183 [ref. 28072], Allen et al. 2006:1083 [ref. 29004], Shibukawa 2009:103 [ref. 30449], Yoshida et al. 2010:29 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:104 [ref. 31256], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:67 [ref. 35264]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus angustatus (Smith & Radcliffe 1911) -- (Randall 2005:202 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2009:52 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:387 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:112 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:73 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Koeda et al. 2016:33 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:170 [ref. 35805] with author as Günther 1872, Fricke et al. 2019:133 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:120 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus angustatus (Smith & Radcliffe 1911). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Caroline and Line islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands (southern Japan), south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

anisolepis, Apogon Böhlke [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.] 1968:182, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 120 (no. 4); ref. 7874] About 1/4 mile north of Green Cay, vicinity of Nassau, Bahamas, depth 50 feet. Holotype: ANSP 111752. Paratypes: USNM 198009 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621] as anisolepsis. •Synonym of Apogon evermanni Jordan & Snyder 1904 -- (Randall & Böhlke 1981:131 [ref. 8562], Hayashi et al. 1992:3 [ref. 24311], Randall 1998:32 [ref. 23433]). •Synonym of Zapogon evermanni (Jordan & Snyder 1904) -- (Randall 2007:216 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Zapogon evermanni (Jordan & Snyder 1904). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

annona, Australaphia Whitley [G. P.] 1936:49, Fig. 6 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 11 (pt 1); ref. 4687] Lindeman Island, Whittsunday Passage, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.6469. Type information: Koumans 1940:170-171 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Gymnapogon annona (Whitley 1936) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:555 [ref. 12442], Larson & Williams 1997:357 [ref. 23967], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Allen et al. 2006:1104 [ref. 29004], Larson et al. 2013:110 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Fraser 2016:431 [ref. 34421], Fraser 2019:95 [ref. 36720], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:74 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Gymnapogon annona (Whitley 1936). Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Queensland (Australia); possibly Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

annularis, Apogon Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1829:48 [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] El-Tor, Sinai coast, Egypt, Gulf of Suez, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1774. Paralectotypes: SMF 4679-81 (3). Lectotype established by Dor 1984:111 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •Valid as Apogon annularis Rüppell 1829 -- (Dor 1984:111 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356], Fraser et al. 1999:5 [ref. 24562], Gon & Randall 2003:6 [ref. 26750]). •Valid as Nectamia annularis (Rüppell 1829) -- (Fraser 2008:8 [ref. 29471], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:75 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:174 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Nectamia annularis (Rüppell 1829). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

aphanes, Ostorhinchus Fraser [T. H.] 2012:77, Figs. 1A, 1B. [Zootaxa No. 3492; ref. 32177] Off Uchelbeluu Reef (short drop-off), 7°16'24.8"N, 134°01'26.6"E, Palau, depth 73 meters. Holotype: ROM 81239. Paratypes: ROM 1839cs (1, cleared and stained). •Valid as Ostorhinchus aphanes Fraser 2012 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:103 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus aphanes Fraser 2012. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Palau. Habitat: marine.

apogonoides, Cheilodipterus Bleeker [P.] 1856:37 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 1 (6); ref. 352] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5607. Spelled apogonoïdes on pp. 3, 11, apogonides on p. 37 (spelling error); Günther 1859:224 [ref. 1961] acted as first reviser using apogonoides. •Valid as Apogon apogonoides [often spelled apogonides] (Bleeker 1856) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:147 [ref. 6441], Fraser & Randall 1986:644 [ref. 8091], Gon 1986:548 [ref. 5657], Winterbottom et al. 1989:29 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:138 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Kuiter 1993:156 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:144 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:138 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:125 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:224 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:775 [ref. 25086] as apogonides, Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:211 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:12 [ref. 25806], Nakabo 2002:775 [ref. 26001] as apogonides, Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830] as apogonides, Gon & Randall 2003:6 [ref. 26750] as apogonides, Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495] as apogonides, Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:184 [ref. 28072] as apogonides, Allen et al. 2006:1083 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:29 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:104 [ref. 31256]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus apogonides (Bleeker 1856) -- (Randall 2005:202 [ref. 28239], Koeda et al. 2016:33 [ref. 35333]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus apogonoides (Bleeker 1856) -- (Fricke et al. 2009:52 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:387 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:258 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:73 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2018:170 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:76 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:133 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:83 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus apogonoides (Bleeker 1856). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Philippines and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia) and Loyalty Islands. Habitat: marine.

aprion, Apogon Richardson [J.] 1842:16 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 9 (no. 55); ref. 21245] King's River near Victoria, Port Essington, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: BMNH 1972.6.8.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1853.1.4.11 (right half skin, poor condition). •Valid as Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842) -- (Roberts 1978:56 [ref. 8886], Paxton et al. 1989:555 [ref. 12442], Allen & Leggett 1990:539 [ref. 20887], Larson & Martin 1990:55 [ref. 16606], Allen 1991:132 [ref. 21090], Pollard in McDowall 1996:181 [ref. 22909], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Allen et al. 2000:105 [ref. 27467], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:246 [ref. 25930], Morgan et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27718], Allen et al. 2006:1103 [ref. 29004], Allen et al. 2008:129 [ref. 30265], Morgan et al. 2011:17 [ref. 31262], Hadiaty & Allen 2011:179 [ref. 31448], Larson et al. 2013:110 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Pusey et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35250], Cook et al. 2017:[13] [ref. 35342], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:66 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southern-central New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea) and tropical Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

arabica, Perca Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1312 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. No types known. New name for Perca lineata (non Linnaeus 1758) Forsskål 1775. •Synonym of Cheilodipterus caninus Smith 1949 -- (Dor 1984:117 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Cheilodipterus lineatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Gon 1993:27 [ref. 21133] [but Forsskål's name is preoccupied, arabicus should have been used as the valid name], Gon & Randall 2003:31 [ref. 26750]). •Valid as Cheilodipterus arabicus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Randall 1995:162 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Fricke 2008:30 [ref. 30182], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Fricke et al. 2018:166 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:73 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:73 [ref. 36871], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:61 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus arabicus (Gmelin 1789). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles and Madagascar east to Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

arabica, Siphamia Gon [O.] & Allen [G. R.] 2012:17, Fig. 9 [Zootaxa No. 3294; ref. 31960] North of Khawr ak Fakkan, 26°37'N, 56°21'E, United Arab Emirates, depth 3-5 meters. Holotype: WAM P.26460-006. Paratypes: AMS I.45070-001 (1); BPBM 21439 (4); CAS 228604 (1); ROM 84959 (1); SAIAB 85932 (1); USNM 396989 (1); WAM P.26460-014 (3), P.264610-016 (2), P. 25785-001 (3). •Valid as Siphamia arabica Gon & Allen 2012 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Eagderi et al. 2019:39 [ref. 37020], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:148 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia arabica Gon & Allen 2012. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Oman and Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

arafurae, Apogon Günther [A.] 1880:38, Pl. 16 (fig. C) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Arafura Sea. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1879.5.14.174. •Valid as Apogonichthys arafurae (Günther 1880) -- (Chen et al. 1997:56 [ref. 26476] dated 1871). •Synonym of Apogon truncatus Bleeker 1855 -- (Gon 1997:185 [ref. 23065], Allen et al. 2006:1097 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Jaydia truncata (Bleeker 1855) -- (Yu et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34816]). Current status: Synonym of Jaydia truncata (Bleeker 1855). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

arenatus, Apogon Bleeker [P.] (ex Castelnau) 1860:455 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 14028] Singapore. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Based on a color painting in the Zoological Museum, University of Liège (see Russell et al. 2010:99 [ref. 30735]). •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, see Greenfield 2001:460 [ref. 25234]). •Tentatively treated as a synonym of Zoramia leptacantha (Bleeker 1856) -- (Russell et al. 2010:99 [ref. 30735]). Current status: Synonym of Zoramia leptacanthus (Bleeker 1856). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

argentea, Siphamia Lachner [E. A.] 1953:421, Fig. 71 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202 (v. 1); ref. 17482] Northern Balabac Strait, Philippines, 8°08'10"N, 117°19'15"E. Holotype: USNM 112042. Paratypes: USNM 112087-90 (1, 3, 2, 1). •Valid as Siphamia argentea Lachner 1953 -- (Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812], Gon & Allen 2012:21 [ref. 31960], Allen & Erdmann 2012:412 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Gon et al. 2014:337 [ref. 33558], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:151 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia argentea Lachner 1953. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines. Habitat: marine.

argenteus, Apogon Valenciennes [A.] 1832:60 [Nouvelles Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris) v. 1; ref. 17863] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8755. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:59 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Archamia macroptera (Cuvier 1828) -- (Gon & Randall 2003:37 [ref. 27133]). •Synonym of Taeniamia macroptera (Cuvier 1828). Current status: Synonym of Taeniamia macroptera (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

arguni, Glossamia Hadiaty [R. K.] & Allen [G. R.] 2011:175, Figs. 2-5 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 17 (no. 3); ref. 31448] Wahisewar River, 3°03'55.1"S, 133°58'188"E, tributary of Tongaran River, about 11 km south-east of Gusimawa Village, Argunni Bay region, West Papua Province, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 19881. Paratypes: MZB 19611 (3), 19648 (5), 19692 (2); WAM P.33339-001 (2). Hadiaty & Allen 2011:179 [ref. 31448] •Valid as Glossamia arguni Hadiaty & Allen 2011 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:69 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Glossamia arguni Hadiaty & Allen 2011. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: New Guinea: West Papua (Indonesia). Habitat: freshwater.

argyrogaster, Apogon Weber [M.] 1909:159 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 31 (note 4); ref. 4600] West coast of New Guinea, depth 32 meters. Syntypes: ZMA 101075 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:85 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Siphamia argyrogaster (Weber 1909) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:557 [ref. 12442], Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847]). •Valid as Apogon argyrogaster Weber 1909 -- (Fraser 2000:253 [ref. 24412], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1083 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Jaydia argyrogaster (Weber 1909) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:382 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:110 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:420 [ref. 33460], Gon et al. 2015:288 [ref. 33858], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:239 [ref. 34742], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:170 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia argyrogaster (Weber 1909). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: West Papua (Indonesia), north ern Western Australia and Northern Territoy (Australia). Habitat: marine.

armatus, Apogon Thiollière [V. J. de l'I.] in Montrouzier 1857:422 [144] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:92 [ref. 12478]. Based on a figure. On p. 144 of reprint. •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

arnazae, Siphamia Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2019:3, Figs. 1-3 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 33; ref. 36724] Duduwali Bay, Nuakata Island, Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea, -10.2891°, 151.0055°, depth 8-11 meters. Holotype: WAM P.34854-031. Paratypes: USNM 443803 (5), WAM P.34854-032 (12). •Valid as Siphamia arnazae Allen & Erdmann 2019 -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:151 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia arnazae Allen & Erdmann 2019. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Milne Bay (Papua New Guinea). Habitat: marine.

aroubiensis, Apogon Hombron [J. B.] & Jacquinot [H.] in Jacquinot & Guichenot 1853:31, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Voyage au Pôle Sud et dans l'Oceanie v. 3 (pt 2); ref. 18307] Aroub, Malaysia. No types known [not MNHN 0000-8717]. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:92 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Apogon aroubiensis Hombron & Jacquinot 1853 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:147 [ref. 6441], Randall & Lachner 1986:110 [ref. 9722], Randall 2001:57 [ref. 25215]). •Unidentifiable, in genus Ostorhinchus -- (Randall 2005:207 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus aroubiensis (Hombron & Jacquinot 1853) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:118 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus aroubiensis (Hombron & Jacquinot 1853). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia (known only from holotype). Habitat: marine.

articycla, Neamia Fraser [T. H.] & Allen [G. R.] 2006:1, Figs. 1-3 [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 63 (no. 1); ref. 28906] East of Lizard Island, 14°41'S, 145°30'E, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia, depth 36-38 meters. Holotype: AMS I.25121-005. Paratypes: AMS I.40665-004 (1), I.40665-005 (1), I.40666-012 (1), I.40666-013 (1): CAS 223500 (1); USNM 209665 (8), 209929 (5), 370291 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Neamia articycla Fraser & Allen 2006 -- (Shibukawa et al. 2007:21 [ref. 29486], Fraser 2010:153 [ref. 30912], Allen & Erdmann 2012:383 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:16 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Neamia articycla Fraser & Allen 2006. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Great Barier Reef (Queensland, Australia). Habitat: marine.

artus, Cheilodipterus Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:409, Pl. 50 (fig. F) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 22; ref. 4128] Mahé, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 341. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 765-768 (4, 1, 1, 2). •Valid as Cheilodipterus artus Smith 1961 -- (Gon 1986:555 [ref. 5657], Allen & Swainston 1988:64 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:149 [ref. 15987], Gon 1993:15 [ref. 21133], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:100 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:149 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:131 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:753 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:217 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:102 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:753 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:67 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:198 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1100 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:49 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:111 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:375 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:258 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:70 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:43 [ref. 34429], Ranjith et al. 2015:55 [ref. 34723], Koeda et al. 2016:32 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:166 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:131 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:58 [ref. 36965], Zajonz et al. 2019:73 [ref. 36871] as cf. artus). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus artus Smith 1961. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra and Madagascar east to Marshall and Tuamoto islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

asaedae, Apogon Seale [A.] 1935:358, Pl. 23 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 21 (no. 27); ref. 12336] Pago Pago, Tutuila Island, American Samoa. Syntypes: CAS 5507 (4). Holotype thought to be CAS 5507, but the bottle contained 4 speicmens, holotype not identifiable (T. Freser, pers. comm. 11/2009). •Synonym of Apogonichthys perdix Bleeker 1854 -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 2008). Current status: Synonym of Apogonichthys perdix Bleeker 1854. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

ataenia, Archamia Randall [J. E.] & Satapoomin [U.] 1999:2, Figs. 1-2 [Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin No. 62; ref. 24151] Sarabua Bay, 1°28.8"S, 99°09.7'E, Siberut Island, Mentawai Islands, West Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: BPBM 37660. Paratypes: AMS I.38525-001 (1), BPBM 37843 (1), CAS 98472 (1), NSMT-P 54387 (1), PMBC 13792 (1), USNM 347598 (1). •Valid as Archamia ataenia Randall & Satapoomin 1999 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:12 [ref. 27133], Shibukawa 2009:108 [ref. 30449], Allen & Erdmann 2012:372 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Taeniamia ataenia (Randall & Satapoomin 1999) -- (Fraser 2013:18 [ref. 32894] sometimes as ateania, Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:50 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Taeniamia ataenia (Randall & Satapoomin 1999). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Andaman Sea and Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

aterrimus, Apogon Günther [A.] 1867:58 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 20 (no. 115); ref. 1988] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1865[or 1862].5.13.15. •Valid as Apogon aterrimus Günther 1867 -- (T. Fraser pers. com. 9/2000). •Incertae sedis in Apogonidae -- (Allen et al. 2006:1112 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus aterrimus (Günther 1867) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:117 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus aterrimus (Günther 1867). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Cape York south to Moreton Bay (Queensland, Australia). Habitat: marine.

atradorsatus, Apogon Heller [E.] & Snodgrass [R. E.] 1903:192, Pl. 3 [Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 5; ref. 2089] Santa María Island [Charles Island], Galápagos Islands. Holotype: CAS-SU 6357. Paratypes: numerous from Cocos Island, and several Galápagos islands. BMNH 1901.6.28.56-65 (10?), 1901.6.28.66-70 (5); CAS-SU 6405 (28), 6423 (12). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Apogon atradorsatus Heller & Snodgrass 1903 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:122 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:54 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:346 [ref. 24023], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36248], Piñeros et al. 2018:234 [ref. 36377], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:28 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon atradorsatus Heller & Snodgrass 1903. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands, Cocos and Malpelo islands. Habitat: marine.

atricaudus, Apogon Jordan [D. S.] & McGregor [E. A.] in Jordan & Evermann 1898:2853 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2445] Benedicto Island, Socorro Island and Clarian Island, western coast of Mexico. Syntypes: BMNH 1898.10.29.22-25 (4), NMW 34670-74 (5), CAS-SU 5708 (12), USNM 48527 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291]. Appeared first as above although unintended, with citation to [as yet unpublished] Jordan and McGregor 1898 [published 1899]; Jordan & McGregor 1899:277 [ref. 2488]. •Valid as Apogon atricaudus Jordan & McGregor 1898 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:202 [ref. 9277], Allen & Robertson 1994:122 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:54 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:112 [ref. 25640], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Béarez & Séret 2009:147 [ref. 36646], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Fourriére et al. 2016:445 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:228 [ref. 35888], Piñeros et al. 2018:234 [ref. 36377], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:28 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon atricaudus Jordan & McGregor 1898. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Revillagigedo Islands, Clipperton Island. Habitat: marine.

atripes, Amia Ogilby [J. D.] 1916:116 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 28; ref. 15124] Sandgate, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM (ex AFAQ 1221, apparently lost). Replacement name for Apogon nigripes Ogilby 1911, preoccupied by Apogon nigripes Playfair 1867. •Valid as Apogon atripes (Ogilby 1916) -- (Kuiter 1993:155 [ref. 23929], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847]). •Synonym of Apogon nigripinnis Cuvier 1828 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:549 [ref. 12442], Gon 2000:7 [ref. 26650], Allen et al. 2006:1092 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides atripes (Ogilby 1916) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:44 [ref. 30717], Fraser 2010:94 [ref. 30909], Fraser & Allen 2011:68 [ref. 31605], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:157 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides atripes (Ogilby 1916). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: tropical Australia, south to Sydney (New South Wales). Habitat: marine.

atrithorax, Xeniamia Fraser [T. H.] & Prokofiev [A. M.] 2016:232, Figs. 1-8 [Zootaxa 4144 (no. 2); ref. 34742] Van Phong Bay, 12°40.944'-12°36.924'N, 109°29.752'-109°30.002'E, South China Sea off Khanh Hoa Province, Vietnam. Holotype: USNM 436743. Paratypes: CAS, ROM, UF, USNM, ZMMU. •Valid as Xeniamia atrithorax Fraser & Prokofiev 2016 -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:177 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Xeniamia atrithorax Fraser & Prokofiev 2016. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Vietnam. Habitat: marine.

atrogaster, Amia Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:439, Pl. 35 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1868); ref. 3576] Western coast of Luzon Island, 16°30'36"N, 120°11'06"E, Philippines, depth 45 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 70249. Paratypes: USNM 163227 (7). •Valid as Apogon atrogaster (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Fraser & Lachner 1984:633 [ref. 8229], Paxton et al. 1989:545 [ref. 12442], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Allen et al. 2006:1083 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus atrogaster (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Fraser 2012:81 [ref. 32177], Larson et al. 2013:112 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Yoshida et al. 2018:237 [ref. 36265], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:99 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus atrogaster (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines and northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

aureus, Centropomus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1802:253, 273 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean; Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:95 [ref. 12478]. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:225 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Synonym of Apogon fleurieu (Lacepède 1802) -- (Dor 1984:112 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Apogon aureus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Randall et al. 1990:42 [ref. 14259] but with neotype of fleurieu improperly placed under aureus). •Valid as Apogon aureus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:147 [ref. 6441], Gon 1986:549 [ref. 5657], Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:545 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:138 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Kuiter 1993:156 [ref. 23929], Randall 1995:154 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:256 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:144 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:138 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:225 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Mishra et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25315] as auritus, Nakabo 2000:775 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:211 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:94 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:775 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:28 [ref. 27712], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:184 [ref. 28072], Allen et al. 2006:1084 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:29 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:104 [ref. 31256]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus aureus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Randall 2005:202 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2009:52 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:387 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:112 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:73 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Ali et al. 2018:320 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:171 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:10 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:39 [ref. 37020], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:84 [ref. 36965], Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus aureus (Lacepède 1802). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), Sydney (New South Wales, Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

auritus, Apogon Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:443 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8760. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:59 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Fowleria aurita (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Dor 1984:118 [ref. 29757], Gon 1986:556 [ref. 5657], Allen & Swainston 1988:64 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:554 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:32 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:151 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:282 [ref. 24014], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:164 [ref. 22896], Larson & Williams 1997:357 [ref. 23967], Allen 1997:100 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:151 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:234 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:35 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:68 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:201 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1102 [ref. 29004], Shao et al. 2008:250 [ref. 29952], Gon & Bogorodsky 2010:35 [ref. 31049], Larson et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:71 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:40 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2018:168 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:74 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:12 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Fowleria aurita (Valenciennes 1831). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Gambier Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), Middleton Reef, New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

aurolineatum, Amia Mowbray [L. L.] in Breder 1927:35, Fig. 18 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 635] Siguanea Bay, Isle of Pines, south of western Cuba, depth 3 fathoms. Holotype: YPM 461. Paratypes: YPM 462 (1), plus one missing. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:7 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Apogon aurolineatus (Mowbray 1927) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:152 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:126 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1993:13 [ref. 24474], Gilbert & Tyler 1997:773 [ref. 22974], Villamizar 1996:40 [ref. 23496], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:27 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:221 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2011:21 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:45 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:30 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon aurolineatus (Mowbray 1927). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

australis, Cheilodipterus lachneri Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:408, Pl. 50 (fig. B) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 22; ref. 4128] Inhaca Island, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 350. Paratypes: (9) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 361 (5), 612 (3), ?786 (3). •Synonym of Cheilodipterus artus Smith 1961 -- (Gon 1986:555 [ref. 5657], Gon 1993:15 [ref. 21133]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilodipterus artus Smith 1961. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

axillaris, Apogon Valenciennes [A.] 1832:56, Pl. 4 (fig. 3) [Nouvelles Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris) v. 1; ref. 17863] Ascension Island. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8687. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:59 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Apogon axillaris Valencienens 1832 -- (Edwards & Glass 1987:639 [ref. 9166], Maugé 1990:714 [ref. 17126], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Wirtz et al. 2014:6 [ref. 33516], Gon in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2427 [ref. 34618], Brown et al. 2019:163 [ref. 36444], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:25 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon axillaris Valenciennes 1832. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southern central Atlantic: Ascension and Saint Helena islands. Habitat: marine.

badia, Vincentia Allen [G. R.] 1987:6, Fig. 3 [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 13387] Cape, Western Australia, 32°16'S, 115°36'E, depth 1 meter. Holotype: WAM P.25999-006. Paratypes: AMS I.17614-004 (18); NMV A3729 (1); WAM P.26060-006 (1), P.26532-007 (1), P.27643-009 (2), P.27956-009 (2), P.28967-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:24 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:27 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Vincentia badia Allen 1987 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:558 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:568 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:150 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1110 [ref. 29004], Allen & Gomon 2008:559 [ref. 30653], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Hoschke et al. 2019:156 [ref. 36626], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:20 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Vincentia badia Allen 1987. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Shark Bay (Western Australia) southward, east to South Australia. Habitat: marine.

balinensis, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1849:28 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [13]; ref. 318] Boleling, northern Bali, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 5594 (some of 100). Also appeared in Bleeker 1849:5 [ref. 321], and perhaps mentioned in an 1845 Bleeker paper (not researched). •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

bandanensis, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1854:95 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 16924] Banda Neira [Banda Islands, Maluku, Indonesia, Banda Sea]. Neotype: RMNH 5584 (1 of 29, 94 mm TL). Bleeker specimens not positively identifiable as syntypes: RMNH 5584 (28), BMNH 1880.4.21.83-86 (4, now 3). As Apogon batjanensis in Weber 1895:263 [ref. 4607]. Neotype designated by Fraser 2008:15 [ref. 29471] after discussion. •Valid as Apogon bandanensis Bleeker 1854 -- (Dor 1984:111 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:146 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:66 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:545 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:139 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:148 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:125 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Fraser 2000:258 [ref. 24412], Nakabo 2000:776 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Sakai et al. 2001:96 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:776 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus bandanensis (Bleeker 1854) -- (Randall 2005:203 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Nectamia bandanensis (Bleeker 1854) -- (Fraser 2008:13 [ref. 29471], Yoshida et al. 2010:55 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:113 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:384 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:72 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Koeda et al. 2016:32 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:132 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:175 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Nectamia bandanensis (Bleeker 1854). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Cocos-Keeling and Christmas islands and Indonesia east to Marshall Islands and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

beauforti, Apogon Weber [M.] 1907:246, Pl. 13 (fig. 4) [Süsswasserfische von Neu-Guinea v. 5 (Zool.) pt 2; ref. 4599] Lake Sentani, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Syntypes: (73) FMNH 52390 [ex CM 646] (3); MSNG 411-412 (2); NMW 34713-14 (1, 1), RMNH 7986 (2), 14357 (1); SMF 12133 [ex ZMA] (2); USNM 177672 (9); ZMA 101120 (49). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:336 [ref. 10350], Nijssen et al. 1982:85 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:10 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Glossamia beauforti (Weber 1907) -- (Allen 1991:132 [ref. 21090], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:69 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Glossamia beauforti (Weber 1907). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Northern New Guinea: West Papua (Indonesia), Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

berthae, Amia Ogilby [J. D.] 1911:47, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [Annals of the Queensland Museum No. 10; ref. 3290] Dunk Island, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.1550 [ex AFAQ 1515]. •Synonym of Apogon brevicaudata Weber 1909 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:545 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Apogonichthys brevicaudatus Weber 1909 -- (Fraser 2006:140 [ref. 28665], Allen et al. 2006:1084 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Apogonichthyoides brevicaudus (Weber 1909) based on generic placement of brevicaudus. Current status: Synonym of Apogonichthyoides brevicaudatus (Weber 1909). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

bifasciatus, Apogon Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:86, Pl. 22 (fig. 2) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMF 2186 (1), 4622-23 (2). •Valid as Apogon bifasciatus Rüppell 1838 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:146 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Apogon taeniatus Cuvier 1828 -- (Dor 1984:114 [ref. 29757], Gon 1986:7 [ref. 8087], Randall 1995:159 [ref. 22896], Gon & Randall 2003:25 [ref. 26750]). •Synonym of Apogonichthyoides taeniatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Golani & Fricke 2018:72 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Apogonichthyoides taeniatus (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

biguttata, Archamia Lachner [E. A.] 1951:588, Pl. 18 (fig. D) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 101 (no. 3290); ref. 10027] East Indies; Philippines; Samoa. Lectotype: USNM 56156. Paralectotypes: Some Bleeker specimens, plus many USNM lots listed by Lachner (e.g. USNM 111964, 360647 and 112137-112160). Based on Amia macropterus of Bleeker 1874 (in part) and other references and specimens. Considered a separate description and not a replacement name. Lectotype selected by Gon & Randall 2003:15 [ref. 27133]. •Valid as Archamia biguttata Lachner 1951 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:149 [ref. 6441], Chen & Shao 1993:783 [ref. 21016], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:148 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:130 [ref. 23965], Randall & Satapoomin 1999:1 [ref. 24151], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:759 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Motomura et al. 2001:5 [ref. 25181], Nakabo 2002:759 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:13 [ref. 27133], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:196 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1098 [ref. 29004], Allen & Erdmann 2012:372 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32988]). •Valid as Taeniamia biguttata (Lachner 1951) -- (Fraser 2013:19 [ref. 32894], Fricke et al. 2014:79 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2019:140 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:46 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Taeniamia biguttata (Lachner 1951). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and Samoa, north to Taiwan, south to Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

bilaciniatus, Apogon Weber [M.] 1909:161 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 31 (note 4); ref. 4600] Labuan Tring, Lombok, Indonesia. Lectotype: ZMA 101280 (45.7 mm SL specimen). Paralectotypes: ZMA 101280 (1 of 2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:855 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Gon 1997:175 [ref. 23065]. •Synonym of Apogon poecilopterus Cuvier 1828 -- (Gon 1997:172 [ref. 23065]) after lectotype designation. •Synonym of Jaydia poeciloptera (Cuvier 1828). Current status: Synonym of Jaydia poeciloptera (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bilineata, Archamia Gon [O.] & Randall [J. E.] 1995:546, Fig. 3 [Israel Journal of Zoology v. 41; ref. 22803] [El-Hamira] El Hamirah, Egypt, Sinai coast, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, coral knoll, depth 12 meters. Holotype: BPBM 21514. Paratypes: BPBM 36452 (2), HUJ 17822 (1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 46950 (1), USNM 331828 (1). Type catalog: Golani 2006:27 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Archamia bilineata Gon & Randall 1995 -- (Randall & Satapoomin 1999:1 [ref. 24151], Gon & Randall 2003:28 [ref. 26750], Gon & Randall 2003:18 [ref. 27133], Gon et al. 2013:590 [ref. 32421]). •Valid as Taeniamia bilineata (Gon & Randall 1995) -- (Fraser 2013:19 [ref. 32894], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:79 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:51 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Taeniamia bilineata (Gon & Randall 1995). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

binotata, Amia Poey [F.] 1867:234 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 14078] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 9750 (3). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:188 [ref. 22926]. •Valid as Apogon binotatus (Poey 1867) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:150 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1993:14 [ref. 24474], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:224 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:27 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:222 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2011:3 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:45 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:25 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon binotatus (Poey 1867). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

bipunctata, Paramia Lachner [E. A.] 1951:604, Pl. 18D [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 101 (no. 3290); ref. 10027] Tarut Bay, Ras Tanura, Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia. Holotype: USNM 147944. Paratypes: USNM 112039 (2). •Valid as Cheilodipterus bipunctatus (Lachner 1951) -- (Dor 1984:116 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356]). •Synonym of Cheilodipterus novemstriatus (Rüppell 1838) -- (Gon 1993:35 [ref. 21133], Randall 1995:163 [ref. 22896], Gon & Randall 2003:32 [ref. 26750], Golani & Fricke 2018:73 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilodipterus novemstriatus (Rüppell 1838). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

blanchardi, Kurandapogon Whitley [G. P.] 1939:1, Pl. 1 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 405; ref. 4696] About 20 miles northwest from Cairns, northern Queensland, Australia. Holotype: UMMZ 120387. Paratypes: AMS IA.7532-33 (1, 1), UMMZ 120388 (now 1), USNM 109466 [ex UMMZ 120388] (1). •Synonym of Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:555 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1104 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bleekeri, Apogon Günther [A.] 1859:245 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia; Jakarta, Java, Indonesia; Padang. Lectotype: RMNH 33905. Paralectotypes: BMNH (1, lost) Ambon. Based on a specimen and on Apogon macropterus of Bleeker 1851:168. Lectotype selected by Gon & Randall 2003:20 [ref. 27133]. •Valid as Archamia bleekeri (Günther 1859) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:19 [ref. 27133], Allen et al. 2006:1099 [ref. 29004], Ho & Shao 2011: 44 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:373 [ref. 31980], Fraser 2013:6 [ref. 32894], Yoshida et al. 2013:110 [ref. 34464], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Psomadakis et al. 2015:208 [ref. 34104], Yoshida in Kimura et al. 2015:38 [ref. 34319], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:44 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Archamia bleekeri (Günther 1859). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Pakistan east to Philippines, north to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

bombonensis, Mionurus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1925:341, Pl. 1 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 26 (no. 3); ref. 15544] Lake Taal, Laguna de Bombon, Batangas, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 10464 (presumed destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP (4) presumed destroyed. Original genus should have been Mionorus. •Synonym of Apogon hyalosoma Bleeker 1852 -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Kottelat 2013:329 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Yarica hyalosoma (Bleeker 1852). Current status: Synonym of Yarica hyalosoma (Bleeker 1852). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brachygramma, Foa Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:780, Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 28 (no. 1407); ref. 2495] By mistake, left in on caption to Fig. 5; should have been Foa fo. •See Foa fo. Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

brachygrammus, Fowleria Jenkins [O. P.] 1903:447, Fig. 20 (error for Fig. 19) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2341] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50699. See Fraser & Randall 2011:1 [ref.31459] for issues regarding the description. Non-Hawaiian status references (records) are not this species. •Valid as Foa brachygramma (Jenkins 1903) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:144 [ref. 6441], Gon 1986:556 [ref. 5657], Allen & Swainston 1988:64 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:553 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:150 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Kuiter 1993:153 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:100 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:150 [ref. 25919], Randall 1998:36 [ref. 23433], Myers 1999:131 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:754 [ref. 25086], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:186 [ref. 27511], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:754 [ref. 26001], not Khalaf & Krupp 2003:56 [ref. 31543], Randall 2005:200 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:357 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1101 [ref. 29004], Randall 2007:214 [ref. 30952], Yoshida et al. 2010:52 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:112 [ref. 31256], Fraser & Randall 2011:5 [ref. 31459], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:40 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:8 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Foa brachygramma (Jenkins 1903). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Central Pacific Ocean: Hawaiian Islands (U. S. A.) endemic. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brasilianus, Apogon Gilbert [C. H.] 1900:168, Pl. 9 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 2; ref. 1630] Stone reef at Mamanguape, Brazil. Holotype: CAS-SU 6309. Paratypes: CAS-SU 6310 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Apogon americanus Castelnau 1855 -- (Gilbert 1977:27 [ref. 21333]). Current status: Synonym of Apogon americanus Castelnau 1855. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

brevicaudatus, Apogon Weber [M.] 1909:158 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 31 (note 4); ref. 4600] Jedan Island, Aru Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: ZMA 101127 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:85 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Apogon brevicaudata Weber 1909 [perhaps should be brevicaudatus] -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477] as brevicaudatus, Paxton et al. 1989:545 [ref. 12442], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977] as brevicaudatus, Larson & Williams 1997:356 [ref. 23967] as brevicaudata, Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812] as brevicaudata, Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Fraser 2006:140 [ref. 28665] as brevicaudatus, Allen et al. 2006:1084 [ref. 29004] as brevicaudatus). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides brevicaudatus (Weber 1909) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:44 [ref. 30717], Fraser 2010:94 [ref. 30909], Fraser & Allen 2011:67 [ref. 31605], Allen & Erdmann 2012:369 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:161 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides brevicaudatus (Weber 1909). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia south to tropical Australia. Habitat: marine.

brevilux, Siphamia Gon [O.] & Allen [G. R.] 2012:22, Fig. 11 [Zootaxa No. 3294; ref. 31960] Off Nagada Harbour, lagoon, Tripod reef, 5°09.493'S, 145°48.732'E, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea, depth 30 meters. Holotype: BPBM 32633. Paratypes:AMS I.45071-001 (1),, BMNH 2009.11.27.1 (1); BPBM 40996 (1); CAS 56570 (3), 65337 (1), 65338 (4); MNHN 2009-1669 (1); NSMT-P 96740 (1); SIAIB 85933 (1); USNM 298542 (3), WAM P.33141-001 (1) •Valid as Siphamia brevilux Gon & Allen 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:412 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:78 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:153 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia brevilux Gon & Allen 2012. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

brevispinis, Apogon Fraser [T. H.] & Randall [J. E.] 2003:2, Figs. 1A, 2A, 3 [Zootaxa No. 171; ref. 26789] West side off Areva, Rurutu, Austral Islands, South Pacific, depth 46-48 meters. Holotype: BPBM 13723. Paratypes: USNM 371776 (1). Plus one photographed specimen from Rangiroa that was lost. •Valid as Apogon brevispinis Fraser & Randall 2003. •Valid as Ostorhinchus brevispinis Fraser & Randall 2003 -- (Randall 2005:203 [ref. 28239], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:118 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus brevispinis (Fraser & Randall 2003). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southern-central Pacific: Austral Islands, and Rangiroa (Tuamoto Archipelago). Habitat: marine.

bryx, Apogon Fraser [T. H.] 1998:987, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 111 (no. 4); ref. 23602] Balayan Bay, south of Barrio Nonong Casto, Batangus Province, Luzon Island, Philippines, South China Sea, western Pacific, depth 146-155 meters. Holotype (unique): CAS 34408. •Valid as Apogon bryx Fraser 1998 -- (Gon & Randall 2003:7 [ref. 26750], Fraser 2005:23 [ref. 28138], Allen et al. 2006:1084 [ref. 29004], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:68 [ref. 35264]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus bryx (Fraser 1998) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:388 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Golani & Fricke 2018:76 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:95 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus bryx (Fraser 1998). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Philippines, north to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

buruensis, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1856:394 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 11 (no. 2); ref. 353] Kajeli, Buru Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5562. Original as buruënsis. •Valid as Archamia buruensis (Bleeker 1856) -- (Chen & Shao 1993:783 [ref. 21016], Myers 1999:130 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122] as buroensis, Motomura et al. 2001:5 [ref. 25181], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:21 [ref. 27133], Allen & Erdmann 2012:373 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Taeniamia burensis (Bleeker 1856) -- (Fraser 2013:16 [ref. 32894], Kottelat 2013:330 [ref. 32989], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:49 [ref. 36965]), Current status: Valid as Taeniamia buruensis (Bleeker 1856). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Fiji, north to Taiwan, south to Papua New Guinea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bykhovskyi, Kurtamia Prokofiev [A. M.] 2006:[English 281], Figs. 1-3 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 46 (no. 3); ref. 28663] Hanin, China, South China Sea. Holotype: ZIN 53471. Paratypes: ZIN 53472 (1). •Synonym of Archamia bleekeri (Günther 1859) -- (Fraser 2013:6 [ref. 32894]). Current status: Synonym of Archamia bleekeri (Günther 1859). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: South China Sea (if valid). Habitat: marine.

campbelli, Apogon Smith [J. L. B.] 1949:100 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 2 (no. 14) (art. 13); ref. 4077] Reefs off Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 348 (primary specimen), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] (not researched); USNM 112207 (1). •Synonym of Apogon coccineus Rüppell 1838 -- (Gon 1986:549 [ref. 5657]). •See Greenfield 2001:461 [ref. 25234]. •Valid as Apogon campbelli Smith 1949 -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon & Randall 2003:8 [ref. 26750], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:186 [ref. 28072], Greenfield & Randall 2004:564 [ref. 28162], Greenfield 2007:364 [ref. 29402], Yoshida et al. 2010:33 [ref. 31255], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Golani & Fricke 2018:71 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:36 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon campbelli Smith 1949. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa south to Delagoa Bay. Habitat: marine.

caninus, Cheilodipterus Smith [J. L. B.] 1949:205, Pl. 22 (fig. 472) [The sea fishes of southern Africa; ref. 5846] Inhaca Island, Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 352. •Valid as Cheilodipterus caninus Smith 1949 -- (Dor 1984:116 [ref. 29757], Gon 1986:555 [ref. 5657], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356]). •Synonym of Cheilodipterus lineatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Gon 1993:27 [ref. 21133] but Gon should have treated as a synonym of Cheilodipterus arabicus (Gmelin 1789), Gon & Randall 2003:31 [ref. 26750]). •Synonym of Cheilodipterus arabicus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:x [ref. 21953]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilodipterus arabicus (Gmelin 1789). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

cantoris, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1851:479 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16898] Rio [Rhio or Riouw], Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) RMNH 5599 (2 of 3). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides cantoris (Bleeker 1851) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:44 [ref. 30717], Fraser & Allen 2011:67 [ref. 31605], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:164 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides cantoris (Bleeker 1851). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

capricornis, Apogon Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1993:112, Fig. 5 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 19 (no. 4) (1992); ref. 20888] Outer reef on northern side of One Tree Island, Capricorn Group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.20836-009. Paratypes: AMS I.20836-019 (3), I.15638-023 (50), I.20467-007 (2), I.20836-010 (1), I.21377-001 (1), I.19159-002 (1), I.19163-001 (5), I.24719-003 (1); BPBM 33571 (3); WAM P.30429-001 (10). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:24 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon capricornis Allen & Randall 1993 -- (Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:144 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:507 [ref. 25919], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:212 [ref. 25191], Allen et al. 2006:1084 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus capricornis (Allen & Randall 1993) -- (Randall 2005:203 [ref. 28239], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:86 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus capricornis (Allen & Randall 1993). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southern Queensland to northern New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: marine.

cardinalis, Amia Seale [A.] 1910:509 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Puerto Princesa, Palawan Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP 5463 (apparently destroyed). •Status uncertain -- (Greenfield 2001:461 [ref. 25234], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426]). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

carinatus, Apogon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:157 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Japan. Holotype: ZMB 8153. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:92 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Apogon carinatus Cuvier 1828 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:145 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:546 [ref. 12442], Lee & Kim 1996:64 [ref. 24706], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Gon 1997:162 [ref. 23065], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Fraser 2000:252 [ref. 24412], Nakabo 2000:773 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:773 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:319, 597 [ref. 26218], Allen et al. 2006:1085 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Apogonichthys carinatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Chen et al. 1997:56 [ref. 26476]). •Valid as Jaydia carinata (Cuvier 1828) -- (Larson et al. 2013:111 [ref. 32988] as carinatus, Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426] as carinatus, Gon et al. 2015:291 [ref. 33858], Mabuchi et al. 2015:40 [ref. 34429] as carinatus, Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:239 [ref. 34742], Yu et al. 2016:3 [ref. 34816], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:166 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia carinata (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

catalai, Apogon (Nectamia) Fourmanoir [P.] 1973:35, Figs. 3a-b [Cahiers O. R. S. T. O. M. (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer) Série Océanographie v. 11 (no. 1); ref. 7563] Channel of the great reef west of New Caledonia, depth 15 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1976-0121. Paratypes: 2 observed but not saved. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:59 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Apogon catalai Fourmanoir 1973 -- (Fraser 2006:140 [ref. 28665]). •Valid as Jaydia catalai (Fourmanoir 1973) -- (Fricke et al. 2011:390 [ref. 31242], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:170 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia catalai (Fourmanoir 1973). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Chesterfield Islands; Grande Terre (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

cathetogramma, Amia Tanaka [S.] 1917:225 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 29 (no. 346); ref. 17354] Off Tanabe, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 55054. •Synonym of Apogon sialis (Jordan & Thompson 1914) -- (Gon 2000:13 [ref. 26650]). •Valid as Apogon cathetogramma (Tanaka 1917) -- (Nakabo 2000:775 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2000:178 [ref. 25987], Nakabo 2002:775 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides cathetogramma (Tanaka 1917) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides cathetogramma (Tanaka 1917). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

caudicinctus, Apogon Randall [J. E.] & Smith [C. L.] 1988:2, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 2926; ref. 9278] South side of Mei Point, Rapa, South Pacific, depth 0-10 feet. Holotype: BPBM 13002. Paratypes: AMNH 72756 (1), 72759-60 (6, 3); BPBM 7398 (1), 16799 (2), 20068 (2); CAS 60678 (1); MNHN 1987-1249 (1); NSMT-P 44622 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 27055 (1); USNM 288237 (2); WAM P.29385-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:23 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:24 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon caudicinctus Randall & Smith 1988 -- (Fricke 1999:226 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Randall 1999:14 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:763 [ref. 25086], Randall & Earle 2000:12 [ref. 25806], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Allen & Randall 2002:126 [ref. 26188], Nakabo 2002:763 [ref. 26001], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Greenfield & Randall 2004:566 [ref. 28162], Randall 2005:193 [ref. 28239], Greenfield 2007:604 [ref. 29453], Fricke et al. 2009:51 [ref. 30213], Yoshida et al. 2010:30 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:105 [ref. 31256], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Arndt & Fricke 2019:10 [ref. 36883], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:38 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon caudicinctus Randall & Smith 1988. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: western Mascarenes east to Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia, Tonga and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

cavitensis, Amia Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1907:16, Fig. 5 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 26 (Doc. 606) (for 1906); ref. 2498] Cavite, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 9241. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291] as cavitensis. •Valid as Apogon cavitiensis (Jordan & Seale 1907) [correct spelling should be cavitensis] -- (Allen & Randall 1995:10 [ref. 21856], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:140 [ref. 25488], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Allen et al. 2006:1085 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2013:105 [ref. 34464]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus cavitensis (Jordan & Seale 1907) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:388 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:112 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Motomura et al. 2017:99 [ref. 35490], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:116 [ref. 36460], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:109 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus cavitensis (Jordan & Seale 1907). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Singapore and Indonesia east to Philippines, north to northern Vietnam, south to Western Australia and New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: marine.

cephalotes, Scopelus Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:46 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Adelaide, South Australia. Lectotype: MNHN 1877-0569. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:65 [ref. 12478]. Lectotype selected by Gon & Allen 2012:28 [ref. 31960]. •Valid as Siphamia cephalotes (Castelnau 1875) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:557 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:153 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:566 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1108 [ref. 29004], Allen & Gomon 2008:558 [ref. 30653], Gon & Allen 2012:26 [ref. 31960], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Hoschke et al. 2019:156 [ref. 36626], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:142 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia cephalotes (Castelnau 1875). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, Tasmania, New South Wales, southern Queensland (Australia). Habitat: brackish, marine.

ceramensis, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1852:256 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 16825] Wahai, northern Ceram, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) RMNH 5578 (2 of 9). •Synonym of Apogon lateralis Valenciennes 1832 -- (Allen et al. 2006:1090 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus lateralis (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:331 [ref. 28867], Kottelat 2013:330 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Apogon ceramensis Bleeker 1852 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:546 [ref. 12442], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:212 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:388 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Apogon ceramensis Bleeker 1852. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea to Philippines. Habitat: marine.

chalcius, Apogon Fraser [T. H.] & Randall [J. E.] 1986:642, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 1986 (no. 3); ref. 8091] Off Ahu Akapu, Easter Island, southeastern Pacific, depth 24.5 meters. Holotype: BPBM 27859. Paratypes: AMS I.24710-001 [ex BPBM 6636] (1), BMNH 1985.1.8.1 (1), BPBM 6636 (4), LACM 43747-1 (1), MNHNC P.6140-41 (1, 1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 1077 (1, c&s), USNM 267949 (1). Type catalog: Meléndez C. et al. 1993:134 [ref. 24124]. •Valid as Apogon chalcius Fraser & Randall 1986 -- (Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125], Greenfield & Randall 2004:561 [ref. 28162]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus chalcius (Fraser & Randall 1986) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:126 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus chalcius (Fraser & Randall 1986). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Easter Island endemic. Habitat: marine.

cheni, Apogon Hayashi [M.] 1990:12, Figs. 3, 4b [Science Report of the Yokosuka City Museum No. 38; ref. 20040] Off north of Iejima Island, Ie Town, Kunigami County, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, depth 70-100 meters. Holotype: YCM P25101. Paratypes: ASIZT 055978 (1), 055988-1 (1), 055988-2 (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:43 [ref. 31432], Shibata et al. 2011:14 [ref. 31469]. •Valid as Apogon cheni Hayashi 1990 -- (Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:769 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:769 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Ho & Shao 2011:43 [ref. 31432], Shibata et al. 2011:14 [ref. 31469]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus cheni (Hayashi 1990) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:113 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus cheni (Hayashi 1990). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indeo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka east to Mariana Islands, north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

chrysopomus, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1854:239 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 345] Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5588 (1 of 3). •Valid as Apogon chrysopomus Bleeker 1854 -- (Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830] as chrysopoma, Allen et al. 2006:1085 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus chrysopomus (Bleeker 1854) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:389 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:122 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus chrysopomus (Bleeker 1854). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia and Singapore east to Philippines. Habitat: marine.

chrysosoma, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1852:256 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 16825] Wahai, northern Ceram [Seram], Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 23964 (42.0 mm SL). Paralectotypes: RMNH 34749 [ex RMNH 5567] (1), 34750 [ex RMNH 55567] (6). Original as chrijsosoma, the Dutch ij corresponding to y in Latin. See Fraser 1999:43 [ref. 23767]. Lectotype selected by Fraser et al. 2002:181 [ref. 26401]. •Synonym of Apogon moluccensis Valenciennes 1832 -- (Fraser et al. 2002:176 [ref. 26401]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus moluccensis (Valenciennes 1832). Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus moluccensis (Valenciennes 1832). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

chrysotaenia, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1851:168 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 16895] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5598 (1 of 2). •Valid as Apogon chrysotaenia Bleeker 1851 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:66 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:546 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:180 [ref. 24556], Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1085 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:31 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:105 [ref. 31256]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus chrysotenia (Bleeker 1851) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:389 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:111 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus chrysotaenia (Bleeker 1851). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Solomon Islands, north to Japan, south to northern Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

chrysurus, Apogon Ogilby [J. D.] 1889:54 [Memoirs of the Australian Museum, Sydney No. 2 (art. no. 3); ref. 18489] Lord Howe Island. Syntypes: AMS I.1799-I.1801 (1, 1, 1). •Valid as Vincentia chrysura (Ogilby 1889) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:558 [ref. 12442] as chrysurus, Francis 1993:161 [ref. 25479], Allen et al. 2006:1110 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides chrysurus (Ogilby 1889) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:44 [ref. 30717], Fraser 2010:94 [ref. 30909], Fraser & Allen 2011:68 [ref. 31605], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:161 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides chrysurus (Ogilby 1889). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southern Queensland (Australia); Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.

cladara, Cercamia Randall [J. E.] & Smith [C. L.] 1988:7, Fig. 2 [American Museum Novitates No. 2926; ref. 9278] Reef at entrance to Haurei Bay, Rapa, South Pacific, depth 15-18 meters. Holotype: BPBM 31978. Paratypes: AMNH 75135 (3, 1 c&s); BPBM 17202 (1), 17279 (now 3); CAS 61348 (1); MNHN 1987-2035 (1); NSMT-P 44801 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 29535 (1); USNM 290959 (1); WAM P.29655-001 (1). Non-types: AMNH 72397 (43), 72415 (72); BPBM 13727 (9). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:24 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:26 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Cercamia cladara Randall & Smith 1988 -- (Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Randall 1999:14 [ref. 25829], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:197 [ref. 28239], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Allen et al. 2015:64 [ref. 33754], Mabuchi et al. 2015:43 [ref. 34429], Fraser & Bogorodsky 2019:579 [ref. 36628], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:71 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Cercamia cladara Randall & Smith 1988. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cladophilos, Apogon Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 2002:122, Figs. 4-5 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 26188] Off Granite Bluff, Lizard Island, about 14°40'S, 145°28'E, Great Barrier Reef, Australia, depth 20 meters. Holotype: WAM P.31480-001. Paratypes: AMS I.38996-001 (2), BPBM 37873 (2), USNM 351560 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:24 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon cladophilos Allen & Randall 2002 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1085 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus cladophilos (Allen & Randall 2002) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:390 [ref. 31980], Fraser 2012:82 [ref. 32177], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:98 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus cladophilos (Allen & Randall 2002). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Great Barrier Reef (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

clupeiformis, Rhabdamia Weber [M.] 1909:165 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 31 (note 4); ref. 4600] Lamakera, Solor Island; Lirung, Salibabu Island; Saleyer, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 10026 (1); ZMA 112204-05 (2, 10), 112207 (1) [ZMA material lost?]. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:89 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Rhabdamia clupeiformis Weber 1909 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:45 [ref. 34429], Yoshida & Motomura 2018:178 [ref. 35776]). •Synonym of Rhabdamia gracilis (Bleeker 1856) -- (Yoshida et al. 2018:[6] [ref. 36254]). Current status: Synonym of Rhabdamia gracilis (Bleeker 1856). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

coccineus, Apogon Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:88, Pl. 22 (fig. 5) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 973. Paralectotypes: SMF 4704-06 (3, poor condition). Lectotype established by Dor 1984:110 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •See Johnson 2001:732 [ref. 25471]. •Valid as Apogon coccineus Rüppell 1838 -- (Dor 1984:110 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:145 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125], Gon 1986:549 [ref. 5657], Paxton et al. 1989:546 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:29 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:139 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Kuiter 1993:161 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:154 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:150 [ref. 23922], Myers 1999:125 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:226 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:764 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Greenfield 2001:460 [ref. 25234], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nakabo 2002:764 [ref. 26001], Gon & Randall 2003:9 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:61 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624] as cf. coccineus, Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:186 [ref. 28072], Greenfield & Randall 2004:563 [ref. 28162], Randall 2005:193 [ref. 28239], Yoshida et al. 2010:33 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:108 [ref. 31256], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Golani & Fricke 2018:71 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:35 [ref. 37020], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:35 [ref. 36965], Zajonz et al. 2019:73 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Apogon coccineus Rüppell 1838. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: Socotra, Gulf of Oman, Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

coggeri, Apogonichthys Whitley [G. P.] 1964:168, Fig. 4 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 26 (no. 5); ref. 3772] Gillett Cay, Swain Reefs, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.6016. Paratypes: AMS IB.6017-18 (1, 1) •Synonym of Neamia octospina Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:555 [ref. 12442], Fraser & Allen 2001:163 [ref. 25214], Allen et al. 2006:1105 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Neamia octospina Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

compressa, Amia Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1911:246, Pls. 20-21 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1853); ref. 14806] Bisucay Island, Cuyos Islands, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 68398. Paratypes: (200 spec., 45 localities). First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Apogon compressus (Smith & Radcliffe 1911) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:61 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1085 [ref. 29004], Shibukawa 2009:104 [ref. 30449]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus compressus (Smith & Radcliffe 1911) -- (Randall 2005:204 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:390 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:73 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2019:133 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:121 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus compressus (Smith & Radcliffe 1911). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

concilians, Paxton Baldwin [C. C.] & Johnson [G. D.] 1999:1051, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 1999 (no. 4); ref. 24191] Off northwestern Australia, northeast of Monte Bello Islands, 20°07.2'S, 115°51.7'E to 20°07.1'S, 115°50.0'E, depth 63-65 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 1067-01. Paratypes: AMS I.22672-001 (1), CSIRO H 2254-1 (1, c&s), WAM P.27219-035 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:26 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Paxton concilians Baldwin & Johnson 1999 -- (Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1105 [ref. 29004], Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:39 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:188 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Paxton concilians Baldwin & Johnson 1999. Apogonidae: Paxtoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

conklini, Amia Silvester [C. F.] 1915:215 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book No. 14; ref. 4027] Coral reef off Guanica Harbor, Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea. Holotype: PU 3080 (possible discarded). Paratypes: PU 3128 (1). Also published and figured as new in Silvester 1918:21, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [ref. 15257]. •Valid as Phaeoptyx conklini (Silvester 1915) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:153 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:127 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1993:26 [ref. 24474], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:227 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:159 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:109 [ref. 26784], Gon 2003:1391 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:29 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:232 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2009:6 [ref. 30053], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:46 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:43 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Phaeoptyx conklini (Silvester 1915). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

conspersus, Apogon Klunzinger [C. B.] 1872:18 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 38 (pt. 1); ref. 2623] Hobson's Bay, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.19303-001 [ex SMNS 1591] (1); SMNS 1591 (2, now 1), 1711 (1), 1799 (2), SMNS (1 skull, not found). Type catalog: Fricke 1992:4-5 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:12 [ref. 29864]. Type information: Gon 1988:8 [ref. 31743] with a holotype and other specimens. •Valid as Vincentia conspersa (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Gon 1988:8 [ref. 31743], Paxton et al. 1989:558 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:155 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:569 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:148 [ref. 25488], Allen et al. 2006:1110 [ref. 29004], Allen & Gomon 2008:560 [ref. 30653], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:18 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Vincentia conspersa (Klunzinger 1872). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: South Australia, Victoria and Tasmania (Australia). Habitat: marine.

cookii, Apogon Macleay [W.] 1881:344 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 3); ref. 17577] Endeavour River and Erub [= Darnley] Island, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16307-001 [ex MAMU F403] (13) Endeavour R., AMS I.16308-001 [ex MAMU F409] (1) Port Moresby. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:206 [ref. 19518]. •Valid as Apogon cookii Macleay 1881 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:147 [ref. 6441], Gon 1986:549 [ref. 5657], Randall & Lachner 1986:115 [ref. 9722], Randall & Hoese 1988:363 [ref. 14264], Allen & Swainston 1988:66 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:546 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:140 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:158 [ref. 23929], Randall et al. 1994:226 [ref. 21645], Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356], Lee & Kim 1996:64 [ref. 24706], Larson & Williams 1997:356 [ref. 23967] as cooki, Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977] as cooki, Carpenter et al. 1997:150 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:142 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:140 [ref. 25919], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:772 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:212 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:94 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Randall 2001:61 [ref. 25215], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:772 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:319, 597 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830] as cooki, Gon & Randall 2003:10 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:184 [ref. 28072], Allen et al. 2006:1086 [ref. 29004], Shibukawa 2009:104 [ref. 30449], Yoshida et al. 2010:32 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:105 [ref. 31256]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus cookii (Macleay 1881) -- (Randall 2005:204 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2009:52 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:390 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:112 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Koeda et al. 2016:33 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:171 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:76 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:38 [ref. 37020], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:116 [ref. 36965], Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus cookii (Macleay 1881). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Madagascar and Réunion (Mascarenes) east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

corallicola, Siphamia Allen [G. R.] 1993:12, Figs. 4-6 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 20 (no. 1); ref. 20779] Lagoon at Tab Island, Madang, Papua New Guinea, about 5°10'S, 145°51'E, depth 20-22 meters. Holotype: WAM P.30337-009. Paratypes: AMS I.33355-001 (5); USNM 323788 (5); WAM P.30337-002 (7), P.30372-004 (8), P.30375-002 (24), P.30402-005 (5), P.30405-014 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:26 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Siphamia corallicola Allen 1993 -- (Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Gon & Allen 2012:28 [ref. 31960], Allen & Erdmann 2012:412 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:78 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:143 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia corallicola Allen 1993. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

crassiceps, Apogon Garman [S.] 1903:230 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 39 (no. 8); ref. 15030] Suva Reef, Viti Levu, Fiji Islands. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28314. •Valid as Apogon crassiceps Garman 1903 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:149 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:546 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:29 [ref. 13251], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Francis & Randall 1993:130 [ref. 20996], Randall et al. 1997:139 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:125 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:761 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Greenfield 2001:461 [ref. 25234], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nakabo 2002:761 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:8 [ref. 26750], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:62 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Greenfield & Randall 2004:564 [ref. 28162], Randall 2005:193 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1086 [ref. 29004], Greenfield 2007:364 [ref. 29402], Shibukawa 2009:104 [ref. 30449], Yoshida et al. 2010:33 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:105 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:368 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:69 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2019:131 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:37 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon crassiceps Garman 1903. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Easter Island, north to Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia, Tonga and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

cuneiceps, Siphamia Whitley [G. P.] 1941:29, Fig. 20 [Australian Zoologist v. 10 (pt 1); ref. 4701] Off Fraser Island, 24°52'S, 152°48'E, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.1016 (largest). Paratypes: AMS IB.1016 (2 of 3). The correct spelling is cuneiceps. •Valid as Siphamia cuneiceps Whitley 1941 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:557 [ref. 12442] as cuniceps, Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812] as cuniceps, Johnson 1999:733 [ref. 25471] as cuniceps, Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1108 [ref. 29004], Gon & Allen 2012:31 [ref. 31960], Larson et al. 2013:114 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:142 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia cuneiceps Whitley 1941. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Western Australia east to Queensland (tropical Australia). Habitat: marine.

cuprea, Siphamia Lachner [E. A.] 1953:423, Fig. 72 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202 (v. 1); ref. 17482] Cataingan Bay, Masbate Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 112043. Paratypes: USNM 112091-92 (2, 2), 112093 (34); FMNH 62609 (2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:79 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Siphamia cuprea Lachner 1953 -- (Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812]). •Synonym of Siphamia tubifer Weber 1909 -- (Gon & Allen 2012:72 [ref. 31960]). Current status: Synonym of Siphamia tubifer Weber 1909. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

cupreus, Apogon Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:158 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Red Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:92 [ref. 12478]. •Status uncertain -- (Dor 1984:115 [ref. 29757], T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •See Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356] and Gon & Randall 2003:42 [ref. 26750]. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

cyanophthalma, Siphamia Gon [O.] & Allen [G. R.] 2012:32, Figs 14b-c [Zootaxa No. 3294; ref. 31960] Off Pertamina oil storage site, Waipare Reef, 8°37.943'S, 122°15.993'E, Flores, Indonesia, depth 30 meters. Holotype: NCIOP 6361 [ex BPBM 32804]. Paratypes: BPBM 26626 (4), 30152 (1), 40997 (1); NTM S.,15435-015 (1); SAIAB 85930 (1); USNM 396990 (1). Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Siphamia cyanophthalma Gon & Allen 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:413 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:78 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Allen & Erdmann 2019:7 [ref. 36724], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:150 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia cyanophthalma Gon & Allen 2012. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

cyanosoma, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1853:71 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 16911] Lawajong, Solor Island [Nusa Tenggara Timur Province, Indonesia]. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5595. •Valid as Apogon cyanosoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Dor 1984:112 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:147 [ref. 6441], Gon 1986:549 [ref. 5657], Allen & Swainston 1988:66 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:547 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:140 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:155 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:150 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:140 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:140 [ref. 25919], Randall & Kulbicki 1998:31 [ref. 23411], Myers 1999:126 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:226 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:771 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:213 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:771 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:11 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:62 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Allen et al. 2006:1086 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus cyanosoma (Bleeker 1853) -- (Randall 2005:204 [ref. 28239] dated 1883, Allen & Erdmann 2012:391 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:112 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:74 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Fricke et al. 2018:171 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:76 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:38 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:134 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:104 [ref. 36965], Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus cyanosoma (Bleeker 1853). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Wake Atoll, Fiji and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

cyanotaenia, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1853:71 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 16911] Lawajong, Solor Island, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5596 (largest of 2). •Valid as Apogon cyanotaenia Bleeker 1853 -- (T. Fraser pers. com. 9/2000). •Valid as Ostorhinchus cyanotaenia (Bleeker 1853). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus cyanotaenia (Bleeker 1853). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cypselurus, Rhabdamia Weber [M.] 1909:167 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 31 (note 4); ref. 4600] Kawa, western Ceram [Seram, Maluku Province, Indonesia, Selat Boano/Strait of Boano, Seram Sea] [ca. 3°01'S, 128°04'E]. Syntypes: RMNH 10027 (1), ZMA 11206 (13, apparently lost). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:89 [ref. 19236]. Species name is a noun in apposition, so correct spelling is cypselurus. •Valid as Rhabdamia cypselura [often as cypselurus] Weber 1909 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:150 [ref. 6441], Allen 1987:6 [ref. 13387] as cyselurus, Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:556 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:33 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1994:227 [ref. 21645], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Randall 1994:264 [ref. 21644], Randall 1995:165 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:152 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:150 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:511 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:132 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Gon & Randall 2003:38 [ref. 26750], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:213 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1107 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Rhabdamia cypselurus Weber 1909 -- (Mohsin & Ambak 1996:260 [ref. 27969], Nakabo 2000:757 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:757 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:411 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:78 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426]). •Valid as Verulux cypselurus (Weber 1909) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Yoshida & Motomura 2016:[4] [ref. 34562], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Motomura et al. 2017:101 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:175 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:79 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:39 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:140 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:140 [ref. 36965], Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Verulux cypselurus (Weber 1909). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Marshall Islands, Fiji and Tonga, north to Japan, south to Western Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

dammermani, Apogon Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1929:338 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 5; ref. 16063] Coast of northern New Guinea. Holotype (unique): ZMA 101144. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:85 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Nectamia dammermani (Weber & de Beaufort 1929) -- (Fricke et al. 2014:72 [ref. 33932]). •Valid as Apogon dammermani Weber & de Beaufort 1929 -- (T. Fraser pers. com. 9/2000, Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:33 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon dammermani Weber & de Beaufort 1929. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia and Papua New Guinea east to Rapa. Habitat: marine.

darnleyensis, Apogonichthys Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:268, Pl. 5 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Erub [= Darnley] Island, 9°35'S, 143°46'E, Torres Straits, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16310-001 [ex MAMU F418]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:206 [ref. 19518]. •Valid as Apogon darnleyensis (Alleyne & Macleay 1877) -- (Randall & Fraser 1999:631 [ref. 24563]). •Synonym of Apogon timorensis Bleeker 1854 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:551 [ref. 12442], Fraser 2006:140 [ref. 28665], Allen et al. 2006:1096 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Apogonichthyoides timorensis (Bleeker 1854) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:50 [ref. 30717]). Current status: Synonym of Apogonichthyoides timorensis (Bleeker 1854). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

deetsie, Apogon Randall [J. E.] 1998:30, Fig. 4 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 23433] Small cave off entrance to channel at northeastern end of Kaneohe Bay, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 29 meters. Holotype: BPBM 37400. Paratypes: AMS I.37828-001 (1); BMNH 1997.2.4.2 (1); BPBM 10217 (1), 13983 (1), 14004 (1); CAS 91614 (1); USNM 343982 (1). •Valid as Apogon deetsie Randall 1998 -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Allen & Randall 2002:126 [ref. 26188], Greenfield & Randall 2004:566 [ref. 28162], Randall 2005:193 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:354 [ref. 28379], Greenfield 2007:604 [ref. 29453], Randall 2007:212 [ref. 30952], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:39 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon deetsie Randall 1998. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Central Pacfic Ocean: Hawaiian Islands; Tuamotu Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

dhofar, Apogon Mee [J. K. L.] in Randall 1995:161, Fig. 394 [Coastal fishes of Oman; ref. 22896] Eagles Retreat near Mirbat, 16°58'00"N, 54°42'50"E, Oman, Arabian Sea, depth 8 meters. Holotype: CAS 82327. Paratypes: BMNH 1995.9.20.1-2 (2); BPBM 36328 (1), 35869 (2), 35916 (2); CAS 82330-31 (5, 4); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 49074-75 (1, 1); USNM 337777 (1). Author is J. K. L. Mee. Appeared inadvertently first as above with authorship attributed to Mee; then in Mee 1996:103, Figs. 1, 3-5 [ref. 22471]; apparently the description is taken from Mee, and we regard Mee as author. •Synonym of Apogonichthyoides enigmaticus Smith 1961 -- (T. Fraser pers. com. 7/2010). Current status: Synonym of Apogonichthyoides enigmaticus Smith 1961. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

dianthus, Apogon Fraser [T. H.] & Randall [J. E.] 2002:27, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 115 (no. 1); ref. 25969] Cave at base of coral head on 60° slope, 420 meters southwest of Malakal Pass, Palau Islands, depth 18 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 9360. •Valid as Apogon dianthus Fraser & Randall 2002 -- (Greenfield 2007:601 [ref. 29453], Fricke et al. 2014:69 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:39 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon dianthus Fraser & Randall 2002. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Comores; Indonesia east to Palau and Fiji, south to Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

diaphanes, Pseudamiops Randall [J. E.] 1998:27, Figs. 1-2 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 23433] Kepuhi Point, cave at shore, Makaha, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 3 meters. Holotype: BPBM 37247. Paratypes: AMS I.37827-001 (1); BMNH 1997.2.4.1 (1); BPBM 7913 (2), 37221 (1), 37252 (1), 37401 (1), 37412-13 (3, 6); CAS 91613; USNM 343981 (1). •Valid as Pseudamiops diaphanes Randall 1998 -- (Randall 2001:63 [ref. 25215], Mundy 2005:357 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:217 [ref. 30952], Gon et al. 2013:98 [ref. 32864], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:78 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pseudamiops diaphanes Randall 1998. Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

diencaea, Amia Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:431, Pl. 34 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1868); ref. 3576] Sulade Island, Jolo, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 70243. •Synonym of Apogon semiornatus Peters 1876 -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Current status: Synonym of Apogon semiornatus Peters 1876. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

dispar, Apogon Fraser [T. H.] & Randall [J. E.] 1976:504, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 88 (no. 47); ref. 7334] Small cave at base of southwestern end of Augulpelu reef, Palau Island, western Caroline Islands, depth 36 meters. Holotype: BPBM 9378. Paratypes: ANSP 128364-65 (6, 1); BPBM 17017 (2); CAS 30648 (1); USNM 212134 (2 or now 1) 212135 (1, c&s). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon dispar Fraser & Randall 1976 -- (Hayashi et al. 1992:4 [ref. 24311], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:126 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:762 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:762 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus dispar (Fraser & Randall 1976) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:391 [ref. 31980], Fraser 2012:82 [ref. 32177], Fricke et al. 2014:74 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2019:134 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:101 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus dispar (Fraser & Randall 1976). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Cocos-Keeling Islands and Indonesia east to Palau and Fiji, north to Yaeyama Islands, south to Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

dispilus, Archamia Lachner [E. A.] 1951:586, Pl. 17 (fig. C) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 101 (no. 3290); ref. 10027] Soo Wan Bay, Taiwan, depth 3-9 meters. Holotype: USNM 112041. Paratypes: USNM 56157 (4), 112077-80 (5, 1, 1, 1), 126368 (3). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:44 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Archamia dispilus Lachner 1951 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:149 [ref. 6441], Chen & Shao 1993:783 [ref. 21016], Randall & Satapoomin 1999:1 [ref. 24151], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:759 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:1010 [ref. 25480], Motomura et al. 2001:5 [ref. 25181], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:759 [ref. 26001]). •Synonym of Archamia fucata (Cantor 1849) -- (Gon & Randall 2003:28 [ref. 27133], Randall 2005:196 [ref. 28239], Yoshida et al. 2010:49 [ref. 31255], Ho & Shao 2011:44 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:373 [ref. 31980] but needing confirmation). •Putative synonym of Taeniamia kagoshimana (Döderlein 1883) -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:47 [ref. 36965]). •Valid as Taeniamia dispilus (Lachner 1951) -- (Fraser 2013:19 [ref. 32894]). Current status: Valid as Taeniamia dispilus (Lachner 1951). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

diversa, Amia Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:434, Pl. 37 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1868); ref. 3576] Small stream in Canmahala Bay, Gulf of Ragay, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 70246. •Valid as Apogon diversus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Fraser 2000:255 [ref. 24412], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Kottelat 2013:329 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus diversaus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus diversus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: freshwater.

doederleini, Apogon Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:901, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 23 (no. 1240); ref. 2511] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 6513. Paratypes: CAS-SU 6738 (2), USNM 49959 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Apogon doederleini Jordan & Snyder 1901 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:147 [ref. 6441], Randall & Hoese 1988:363 [ref. 14264], Allen & Swainston 1988:66 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:547 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:140 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:160 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Lee & Kim 1996:64 [ref. 24706], Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:142 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:140 [ref. 25919], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:772 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:213 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:95 [ref. 25480], Shinohara et al. 2000:178 [ref. 25987], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:772 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:320, 598 [ref. 26218], Allen et al. 2006:1086 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:34 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:106 [ref. 31256]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus doederleini (Jordan & Snyder 1901) -- (Randall 2005:205 [ref. 28239], Larson et al. 2013:112 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Motomura et al. 2015:22 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:6 [ref. 35354], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:114 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus doederleini (Jordan & Snyder 1901). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

doryssa, Amia Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:245, Fig. 39 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51812. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8684 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Apogon doryssa (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:145 [ref. 6441], Kuiter 1997:146 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:508 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:125 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:227 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:763 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Greenfield 2001:460 [ref. 25234], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nakabo 2002:763 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:193 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1087 [ref. 29004], Greenfield 2007:365 [ref. 29402], Allen & Erdmann 2012:368 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:69 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:35 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon doryssa (Jordan & Seale 1906). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Rodrigues (Mascarenes); Maldives and Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) east to Indoneesia, Papua New Guinea to Wake Atoll, Marshall Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia, Tonga and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

dovii, Apogon Günther [A.] 1862:371 [2] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1861 (pt 3); ref. 1968] Panama (Pacific). Syntypes: BMNH 1861.8.13.13 (1), ZMB 6796 (3). On p. 2 of separate. Named for Capt. Dow, but Günther used this name in this form many times; perhaps that is the name he wanted; incorrectly emended to dowii by some authors. •Valid as Apogon dovii Günther 1862 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:122 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:98 [ref. 23101], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:54 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:348 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:336 [ref. 24555], Thomson et al. 2000:112 [ref. 25640], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807] dating 1861, McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957] dated 1861, Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Fourriére et al. 2016:445 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923], Piñeros et al. 2018:234 [ref. 36377], González-Murcia et al. 2019:301 [ref. 36544], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:29 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon dovii Günther 1862. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: El Salvador south to northern Peru. Habitat: marine.

duops, Apogon Barnard [K. H.] 1927:69 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 20 (no. 115) (art. 8); ref. 193] Replacement name for Amia ocellata von Bonde 1923, secondarily preoccupied in Apogon by Apogon ocellatus Weber 1913. Also appeared as new in Barnard 1927:522 [ref. 194]. •Synonym of Apogon pharaonis Bellotti 1874 -- (Gon 2000:9 [ref. 26650]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides pharaonis (Bellottii 1874) based on generic placement of pharaonis. Current status: Synonym of Apogonichthyoides taeniatus (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

elizabethae, Amia Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:9, Pl. 4 [Proceedings of the Davenport Academy of Sciences (Iowa). v. 10; ref. 10645] Hong Kong. Holotype: CAS-SU 9064. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Apogon fasciatus (Shaw 1790) -- (Fraser 2005:10 [ref. 28138]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus elizabethae (Jordan & Seale 1905) -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:90 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus elizabethae (Jordan & Seale 1905). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Vietnam to southern China (South China Sea). Habitat: marine.

ellioti, Apogon Day [F.] 1875:63, Pl. 17 (fig. 1) [The fishes of India Part 1; ref. 1080] Madras, India. Lectotype: ZSI F1904. Paralectotypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.8226 (1), ?RMNH 4331 (1, too long), ZSI F1905 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:296-297 [ref. 25110]. Lectotype selected by Gon 1997:187 [ref. 23065], but see discussion in Ferraris et al. 2000:297 [ref. 25110]. •Valid as Apogon ellioti Day 1875 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:145 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:547 [ref. 12442], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:257 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:356 [ref. 23967], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:773 [ref. 25086], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:93 [ref. 25480], Ali et al. 2018:320 [ref. 36183]). •Valid as Apogonichthys ellioti (Day 1875) -- (Chen et al. 1997:56 [ref. 26476]). •Synonym of Apogon truncatus Bleeker 1855 -- (Randall 1995:161 [ref. 22896], Gon 1997:185 [ref. 23065], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Fraser 2000:250 [ref. 24412], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:773 [ref. 26001], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Hayashi 2004:50 [ref. 27898], Allen et al. 2006:1096 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Jaydia truncata (Bleeker 1855) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Yu et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34816]). •Valid as Jaydia ellioti (Day 1875) -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:165 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia ellioti (Day 1875). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

elongata, Siphamia Lachner [E. A.] 1953:419, Fig. 70 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202 (v. 1); ref. 17482] Canmahala Bay, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 112045. Paratypes: USNM 112095-99 (1, 1, 1, 1, 32). •Valid as Siphamia elongata Lachner 1953 -- (Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Gon & Allen 2012:36 [ref. 31960], Allen & Erdmann 2012:413 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Motomura et al. 2017:101 [ref. 35490], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:153 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia elongata Lachner 1953. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and brunei east to Philippines and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

endekataenia, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1852:449 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 3); ref. 16828] Bangka or Lepar Island, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5593. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1880.4.21.59-60 (2), NMV 46393-94 (2). •Valid as Apogon endekataenia Bleeker 1852 -- (Fraser 1974 [ref. 21278], Dor 1984:112 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:147 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:66 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:547 [ref. 12442], Randall & Hayashi 1990:403 [ref. 15988], Ho et al. 1993:7 [ref. 22789], Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356], Lee & Kim 1996:62 [ref. 24706], Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:508 [ref. 25919], Khan 1998:230 [ref. 24980], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:772 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Shimizu 2001:29 [ref. 25799], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:772 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1087 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:35 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:106 [ref. 31256], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:68 [ref. 35264]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus endekataenia (Bleeker 1852) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:391 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:112 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:111 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus endekataenia (Bleeker 1852). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia to Vietnam and Australia. Habitat: marine.

enigmaticus, Apogonichthyoides Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:396, Pl. 50 (fig. I) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 22; ref. 4128] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAM 13817. •Synonym of Apogon apogonoides (Bleeker 1856) -- (Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:x [ref. 21953]). •Valid as Apogon enigmaticus (Smith 1961) -- (Gon 1986:549 [ref. 5657], T. Fraser pers. com. 9/2000, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides enigmaicus Smith 1961 -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:44 [ref. 30717], Fraser & Allen 2011:68 [ref. 31605], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Psomadakis et al. 2015:206 [ref. 34104], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:160 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides enigmaticus Smith 1961. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and east Africa to Oman. Habitat: marine.

enneastigma, Apogon Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:87, Pl. 22 (fig. 3) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1065. Paralectotypes: SMF 12130 (2). Lectotype established by Dor 1984:113 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •Synonym of Apogon heptastygma Cuvier 1828 -- (Dor 1984:113 [ref. 29757] as heptastigma, Gon & Randall 2003:17 [ref. 26750]). •Synonym of Apogonichthyoides heptastygma (Cuvier 1828). Current status: Synonym of Apogonichthyoides heptastygma (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

erdmani, Apogon Lachner [E. A.] 1951:595, Pl. 18 (fig. A) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 101 (no. 3290); ref. 10027] Sams Pier, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype: USNM 147518. Paratypes: USNM 112040 (21), 147522 (1). •Synonym of Apogon annularis Rüppell 1829 -- (Dor 1984:111 [ref. 29757], Fraser et al. 1999:5 [ref. 24562], Gon & Randall 2003:6 [ref. 26750]). •Synonym of Nectamia annularis (Rüppell 1829) -- (Fraser 2008:8 [ref. 29471], Golani & Fricke 2018:75 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Nectamia annularis (Rüppell 1829). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

erdmanni, Apogonichthyoides Fraser [T. H.] & Allen [G. R.] 2011:64, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 3095; ref. 31605] Fiabacet Island, southeast of Misool Island, 2°13.022'S, 130°33.800'E, Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua, Indonesia, depth 73 meters. Holotype (unique): MZB 20018. •Valid as Apogonichthyoides erdmanni Fraser & Allen 2011 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:369 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:158 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides erdmanni Fraser & Allen 2011. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: West Papua ( Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

eremia, Rhabdamia Allen [G. R.] 1987:4, Fig. 2 [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 13387] South Murion Island, Western Australia, eastern Indian Ocean, 21°42'S, 114°20'E, depth 8 meters. Holotype: WAM P.25815-020. Paratypes: WAM P.25793-003 (6), P.26071-013 (1), P.26085-015 (1), P.26092-023 (2), P.27459-006 (1), P.27581-001 (1), P.28024-009 (1). Not BPBM (3 lots) and AMS. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:24 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:26 [ref. 30117]. Junior synonym of Apogonoides macassariensis Bleeker 1849, which is unused and thus declared is a nomen oblitum, while Rhabdamia eremia Allen 1987 is a nomen protectum due to prevailing usage (Fraser & Bogorodsky 2019:579 [ref. 36628]). •Valid as Rhabdamia eremia Allen 1987 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:556 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Cercamia eremia (Allen 1987) -- (Hayashi 1991:36 [ref. 34689], Randall et al. 1997:509 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:131 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:750 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2000:178 [ref. 25987], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:750 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:30 [ref. 26750], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Allen et al. 2006:1099 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2011:122 [ref. 32402], Allen & Erdmann 2012:375 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:69 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Allen et al. 2015:64 [ref. 33754], Golani & Fricke 2018:73 [ref. 36273], Fraser & Bogorodsky 2019:579 [ref. 36628], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:73 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Cercamia eremia (Allen 1987). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Christmas Island and Indonesia east to Tonga, Wallis and Futuna, north to southern Japan, south to northern Western Australia and Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

erythrinus, Apogon Snyder [J. O.] 1904:526, Pl. 9 (fig. 17) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 4149] Puako Bay, Hawaii Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50876. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7733-74 (1, 2); USNM 55316 (1), 55321 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Apogon coccineus Rüppell 1838 -- (Dor 1984:110 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Apogon erythrinus Snyder 1904 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:145 [ref. 6441], Winterbottom et al. 1989:29 [ref. 13251], Randall 1998:32 [ref. 23433], Myers 1999:125 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471] as cf erythrinus, Nakabo 2000:764 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Greenfield 2001:462 [ref. 25234], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nakabo 2002:764 [ref. 26001], Greenfield & Randall 2004:563 [ref. 28162], Randall 2005:194 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:354 [ref. 28379], Greenfield 2007:364 [ref. 29402], Randall 2007:213 [ref. 30952], Yoshida et al. 2010:38 [ref. 31255], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:37 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon erythrinus Snyder 1904. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

erythrophthalma, Jaydia Gon [O.], Liao [Y.-C.] & Shao [K.-T.] 2015:287, Figs. 2a, b, e [Zootaxa 3980 (no. 2); ref. 33858] Luzon, Aurora Province, west of Cape San Ildefonso, Philippines, 16.0445°N, 121.922°E, depth 194-203 meters. Holotype: PNM 15192 [ex ASIZP 68202]. Paratypes: ASIZP, CAS, SAIAB, USNM. •Valid as Jaydia erythrophthalma Gon, Liao & Shao 2015 -- (Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:239 [ref. 34742], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:170 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia erythrophthalma Gon, Liao & Shao 2015. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines endemic. Habitat: marine.

erythrosoma, Apogon Gon [O.] & Randall [J. E.] 2003:12, Fig. 5; Pl. 1G [Smithiana. Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity Bull. 1; ref. 26750] Marsa Ktana, Egypt, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Holotype: HUJ 18626. Paratypes: BPBM 18194 (1); HUJ 11202 (6); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 63555 (1), 63557 (1); TAU [= SMNHTAU] P.3395 (1), P.7558 (4), P.7773 (1), P.7774 (15), P.8667 (2), P.10025 (1), 11328 (3), P.11333 (1); USNM 364594 (1). Type catalog: Golani 2006:26 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Apogon erythrosoma Gon & Randall 2003 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Golani & Fricke 2018:72 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:36 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon erythrosoma Gon & Randall 2003. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: Maldives. Habitat: marine.

euspilotus, Apogon Fraser [T. H.] 2006:137, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 119 (no. 1); ref. 28665] Ile aux Canards, Nouméa, New Caledonia. Holotype (unique): CAS 118836. •Valid as Apogonichthyoides euspilotus (Fraser 2006) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:44 [ref. 30717], Fraser & Allen 2011:68 [ref. 31605], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:159 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides euspilotus (Fraser 2006). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Grande Terre (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

evanidus, Apogon Fowler [H. W.] 1904:518 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 1367] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: ANSP 27540. Paratypes: ANSP 27541 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Apogon fasciatus (Shaw 1790) -- (Fraser 2005:10 [ref. 28138]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus fasciatus (Shaw 1790) based on generic placement of fasciatus. Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus fasciatus (Shaw 1790). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

evermanni, Apogon Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1904:123 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 28 (no. 1386); ref. 10659] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 51487. •Valid as Apogon evermanni Jordan & Snyder 1904 -- (Randall & Böhlke 1981:131 [ref. 8562], Allen & Swainston 1988:66 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:547 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:29 [ref. 13251], Hayashi et al. 1992:2 [ref. 24311], Randall 1995:157 [ref. 22896], Kuiter 1997:146 [ref. 25488], Randall 1998:33 [ref. 23433], Fraser 1998:990 [ref. 23602], Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:129 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:227 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:755 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:12 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:755 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:355 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1087 [ref. 29004], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708]). •Synonym of Apogon taeniopterus Bennett 1836 -- (Randall 1998:35 [ref. 23433], Mundy 2005:356 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:216 [ref. 30952]). •Valid as Zapogon evermanni (Jordan & Snyder 1904) -- (Randall 2005:215 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:417 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:79 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:40 [ref. 36965], Pinault et al. 2019:388 [ref. 36447]). Current status: Valid as Zapogon evermanni (Jordan & Snyder 1904). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas. Habitat: marine.

exostigma, Amia Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] in Jordan & Seale 1906:238, Fig. 31 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51732. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8688 (3), USNM 211511 [ex USNM 51732] (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Apogon exostigma (Jordan & Starks 1906) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:148 [ref. 6441], Fraser & Lachner 1985:20 [ref. 5215], Paxton et al. 1989:547 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:141 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:155 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:141 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:128 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:760 [ref. 25086] with authors as Jordan & Seale, Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:213 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Allen 2001:149 [ref. 25670], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:760 [ref. 26001] with authors as Jordan & Seale, Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:13 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:62 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Allen et al. 2006:1087 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:35 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:106 [ref. 31256]). •Valid as Pristiapogon exostigma (Jordan & Starks 1906) -- (Randall 2005:210 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:406 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:76 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:45 [ref. 34429], Koeda et al. 2016:34 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:6 [ref. 35354], Golani & Fricke 2018:77 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:137 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pristiapogon exostigma (Jordan & Starks 1906). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Oman and Maldives east to Marshall and Gambier Islands, north to Wake Atoll and southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia, Tonga and Pitcairn Island. Habitat: marine.

fasciata, Gulliveria Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:46 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 762] Norman River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): not at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:96 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:555 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1103 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciatus, Apogon Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:344 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0853. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:59 [ref. 12478]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Apogon by Mullus fasciatus White 1790. •Synonym of Apogon novemfasciatus Cuvier 1828 -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus novemfasciatus (Cuvier 1828). Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus novemfasciatus (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Mullus Shaw [G.] in White 1790:268, Pl. 53 (fig. 1) [Journal of a voyage to New South Wales; ref. 4654] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Neotype: USNM 59972. Neotype designated by Lachner in Schultz et al. 1953:439, pl. 35A [ref. 3975]. Authorship according to Sherborn 1891:535 [ref. 32516]. •Valid as Apogon fasciatus (Shaw 1790) -- (Randall & Hoese 1988:359 [ref. 14264], Randall & Lachner 1986:115 [ref. 9722], Paxton et al. 1989:547 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:141 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:157 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:155 [ref. 22896], Larson & Williams 1997:356 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:150 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:140 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:126 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:96 [ref. 25480], Fraser 2005:10 [ref. 28138], Allen et al. 2006:1087 [ref. 29004], Akmaca et al. 2010:116 [ref. 31168], Yoshida et al. 2010:36 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:107 [ref. 31256], Yoshida et al. 2013:106 [ref. 34464], Irmak & Engin 2015:186 [ref. 33909]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus fasciatus (Shaw 1790) -- (Fricke et al. 2009:52 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:392 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:421 [ref. 33460], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2015:39 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2015:209 [ref. 34104], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Motomura et al. 2017:99 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:172 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:76 [ref. 36273], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:117 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:38 [ref. 37020], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:89 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus fasciatus (Shaw 1790). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Seychelles, Madagascar and Réunion (Mascarenes) east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Restricted to east coast of Australia on ref. 36965. Habitat: marine.

fistulosa, Foa Weber [M.] 1909:162 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 31 (note 4); ref. 4600] Bima Bay, Sumbawa Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: ZMA (apparently lost). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:88 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Siphamia fistulosa (Weber 1909) -- (Myers 1999:132 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Gon & Allen 2012:37 [ref. 31960], Allen & Erdmann 2012:413 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:150 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia fistulosa (Weber 1909). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, possibly Brunei. Habitat: marine.

flagelliferus, Ostorhynchus Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:402, Fig. 8 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 22; ref. 4128] Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 351. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 743 (1). •Valid as Apogon flagelliferus (Smith 1961) -- (Gon 1986:550 [ref. 5657], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus flagelliferus Smith 1961 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Fricke et al. 2018:172 [ref. 35805], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:126 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus flagelliferus Smith 1961. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South Africa and East Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

flammea, Fowleria Allen [G. R.] 1993:10, Fig. 3 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 20 (no. 1); ref. 20779] Seaward side of Massas Island, near Madang, Papua New Guinea, about 5°10'S, 145°50'E, depth 27-29 meters. Holotype: WAM P.30376-004. Paratypes: WAM P.27827-022 (3). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:26 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Fowleria flammea Allen 1993 -- (Randall & Kunzmann 1998:480 [ref. 23919], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624] as flamma, Allen & Erdmann 2012:380 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:71 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:14 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Fowleria flammea Allen 1993. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia east to Philippines and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

flavofasciata, Archamia Gon [O.] & Randall [J. E.] 2003:24, Pl. II A; Fig.8 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 35; ref. 27133] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwesern Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB 3395. Paratypes: AMS I.40407-001 (1); ANSP 63913 (1); BMNH 1867.3.9.558 (1), 1936.8.7.2-7 (5 or 6); BPBM 38778 (1); CAS 213416 (1); HUJ 18578 (1); MNHN 2000-4295 (1); NSMT-P 60336 (1); SAIAB 62641 (2); USNM 307710 (2), 356261 (3), 362420 (6). •Valid as Taeniamia flavofasciata (Gon & Randall 2003) -- (Fraser 2013:20 [ref. 32894], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Fricke et al. 2018:174 [ref. 35805], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:45 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Taeniamia flavofasciata (Gon & Randall 2003). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South Africa and East Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

flavus, Apogon Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1993:109, Figs. 2-4 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 19 (no. 4) (1992); ref. 20888] West side of Nepean Island, Norfolk Island, about 29°05'S, 167°59'E, depth 15-20 meters. Holotype: AMS I.20260-009. Paratypes: AMS I.20260-024 (1), IB.4993 (1), I.15647-085 (1), I.15685-018 (1), I.17358-010 (2), I.17366-017 (2), I.17373-010 (1), I.17377-013 (2); BPBM 14889 (7), 34247 (1), 35036 (5); USNM 212310 (1); WAM P.30428-001 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:24 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon flavus Allen & Randall 1993 -- (Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:508 [ref. 25919], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:213 [ref. 25191], Allen et al. 2006:1088 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus flavus (Allen & Randall 1993) -- (Randall 2005:205 [ref. 28239], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:86 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus flavus (Allen & Randall 1993). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island (Australia). Habitat: marine.

flebila, Zoramia Greenfield [D. W.], Langston [R. C.] & Randall [J. E.] 2005:627, Figs. 1C, 2 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 56 (no. 33); ref. 28488] Bay of Islands, 17°10.692'S, 179°00.887'W, Vanua Balavul Island, Northern Lau Group, Fiji, depth 8.3 meters. Holotype: CAS 222057. Paratypes: AMS I.43576-001 (1); BMHH 2005.4.25.1 (1); BPBM 40152 (1), 40153 (1); CAS 222155 (3); FMNH 116455 (1); NSMT-P70721 (1); SAIAB 75633 (1); USNM 383148 (1), 383149 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Zoramia flebila Greenfield, Langston & Randall 2005 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:186 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Zoramia flebila Greenfield, Langston & Randall 2005. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Fiji. Habitat: marine.

fleurieu, Ostorhinchus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:23, 24 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Pacific. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:97 [ref. 12478]. Figured in Lacepède 1801: Pl. 32 (fig. 2) [ref. 2710] but with vernacular name. Neotype as BPBM 15921 was designated by Gon 1987:141 [ref. 6706]; Randall et al. 1990 [ref. 14259] did not accept the neotype designation as valid, but we find no reason to reject the neotype designation: it was done in a "critical study of the nominal species-group in question" and the specimen was adequately identified as the neotype ("data and description sufficient to ensure recognition of the specimen designated"). Gon & Randall 2003:14 [ref. 26750] disagree with this interpretation and now recognize both fleurieu and aureus as valid. •Valid as Apogon fleurieu (Lacepède 1802) -- (Dor 1984:112 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:156 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:151 [ref. 23922], Fraser et al. 1999:10 [ref. 24562], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:96 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:14 [ref. 26750] dated 1801, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:184 [ref. 28072], Allen et al. 2006:1088 [ref. 29004], Shibukawa 2009:105 [ref. 30449], Yoshida et al. 2013:106 [ref. 34464]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus fleurieu Lacepède 1802 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:392 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:74 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Psomadakis et al. 2015:210 [ref. 34104], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2018:172 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:77 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:38 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:134 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:85 [ref. 36965], Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus fleurieu Lacepède 1802. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), Persian Gulf, Socotra and Madagascar east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Hong Kong and Taiwan, south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

fo, Foa Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:779, not Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 28 (no. 1407); ref. 2495] Negros, Cavite, Luzon Island, Philippines, Manila Bay, South China Sea, western Pacific. Lectotype: CAS-SU 9672. Non-type: USNM 51735 (1) Samoa. Also appeared in Jordan & Seale 1906:248 [ref. 2497] with type as USNM 51735 from Samoa and a different figured specimen, but original locality is the Philippines; one original syntypes recently found and selected as the lectotype by Fraser & Randall 2011:10 [ref.31459]. •Valid as Foa fo Jordan & Seale 1905 -- (Myers 1999:132 [ref. 23965] dated 1906, Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:733 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:34 [ref. 26750], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495] dated 1906, Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624] dated 1906, Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:200 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1102 [ref. 29004], Randall 2007:214 [ref. 30952], Fraser & Randall 2011:10 [ref. 31459], Allen & Erdmann 2012:379 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:71 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Golani & Fricke 2018:74 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:132 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:8 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Foa fo Jordan & Seale 1905. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Mozambique Channel and Maldives east to Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia, Tonga and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

foraminosus, Henicichthys Tanaka [S.] 1915:568 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 27 (no. 325); ref. 4324] Nagasaki fish market, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 6366 (lost). •Valid as Gymnapogon foraminosus (Tanaka 1915) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Fraser 2016:431 [ref. 34421]). Current status: Valid as Gymnapogon foraminosus (Tanaka 1915). Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fraenatus, Apogon Valenciennes [A.] 1832:57, Pl. 4 (fig. 4) [Nouvelles Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris) v. 1; ref. 17863] New Guinea. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-8709. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-8710 (2) Guam, 0000-8711 (1) Guam. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:60 [ref. 12478]. Lectotype selected by Fraser & Lachner 1985:25 [ref. 4215]. •Valid as Apogon fraenatus Valenciennes 1832 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:171 [ref. 19754] as frenatus, Dor 1984:114 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:148 [ref. 6441], Fraser & Lachner 1985:24 [ref. 5215], Gon 1986:550 [ref. 5657], Allen & Swainston 1988:66 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:548 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:29 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:141 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Kuiter 1993:157 [ref. 23929], Randall et al. 1994:226 [ref. 21645], Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:156 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:356 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:151 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:138 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:141 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:129 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:227 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:760 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:97 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Allen 2001:149 [ref. 25670], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen & Randall 2002:124 [ref. 26188], Nakabo 2002:760 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:15 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:185 [ref. 28072], Allen et al. 2006:1088 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31255], Yoshida et al. 2011:119 [ref. 32402]). •Valid as Pristiapogon fraenatus (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Randall 2005:210 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2009:53 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:406 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:114 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:77 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:45 [ref. 34429], Koeda et al. 2016:34 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:6 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:173 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:77 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:11 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:39 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:137 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:129 [ref. 36965], Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Pristiapogon fraenatus (Valenciennes 1832). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Line and Gambier islands, north to Ryukyu Islands (southern Japan), south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia and Austral Islands. Habitat: marine.

fragilis, Apogon Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:385, Pl. 46 (fig. H) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 22; ref. 4128] Pinda, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 357. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 3077-80 (1, 2, 7, 36), 4240 (1, c&s). •Valid as Apogon fragilis Smith 1961 -- (Fraser & Lachner 1985:43 [ref. 5215], Gon 1986:550 [ref. 5657], Paxton et al. 1989:548 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:142 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:142 [ref. 25919], Fraser 1998:990 [ref. 23602], Anderson et al. 1998:23 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:130 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Allen et al. 2006:1088 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Zoramia fragilis (Smith 1961) -- (Randall 2005:215 [ref. 28239], Greenfield et al. 2005:625 [ref. 28488], Fricke et al. 2014:79 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Fricke et al. 2018:175 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:140 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:186 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Zoramia fragilis (Smith 1961). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Samoa, north to Yaeyama Islands, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

franssedai, Apogon Allen [G. R.], Kuiter [R. H.] & Randall [J. E.] 1994:33, Fig. 5 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 21 (nos 1-2); ref. 21602] Outer dropoff at Pasar Sari Reef, outer Maumere Bay, Flores, Indonesia, about 8°23'S, 122°13'E, depth 20 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6118. Paratypes: BPBM 31416 (24); USNM 298668 (2); WAM P.3051-001 (1), P.30514-001 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:24 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon franssedai Allen, Kuiter & Randall 1994 -- (Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Anderson et al. 1998:23 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:126 [ref. 23965], Hayashi et al. 1997:58 [ref. 24613], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:769 [ref. 25086], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Allen & Randall 2002:119 [ref. 26188], Nakabo 2002:769 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus frassedai (Allen, Kuiter & Randall 1994) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:393 [ref. 31980], Fraser 2012:82 [ref. 32177], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2019:135 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:101 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus franssedai (Allen, Kuiter & Randall 1994). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia east to Palau, north to Philipines, south to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea). Habitat: marine.

fraseri, Siphamia Gon [O.] & Allen [G. R.] 2012:39, Figs. 19, 20a [Zootaxa No. 3294; ref. 31960] Kadavu Island, Kavala Bay, Fiji. Holotype: BMNH 1987.8.25.24. Paratypes: many at AMS, BPBM, ROM, SAIAB, USNM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Siphamia fraseri Gon & Allen 2012 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:154 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia fraseri Gon & Allen 2012. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia, Tonga and Fiji. Habitat: marine.

fraxineus, Apogonichthyoides Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:396, Pl. 48 (fig. D) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 22; ref. 4128] Pinda, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 356. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 746-763 (8, 6, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 4, 1, 3, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 4, 2, 14). •Valid as Apogon fraxineus (Smith 1961) -- (Hayashi & Kishimoto 1983:24 [ref. 35541], Dor 1984:112 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:146 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Apogon timorensis Bleeker 1854 -- (Gon 1986:553 [ref. 5657], Randall et al. 1990:147 [ref. 15987], Fraser 2000:259 [ref. 24412], Gon & Randall 2003:26 [ref. 26750], Fraser 2006:140 [ref. 28665]). •Synonym of Apogonichthyoides timorensis (Bleeker 1854) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:50 [ref. 30717], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2018:165 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Apogonichthyoides timorensis (Bleeker 1854). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

fucatus, Apogon Cantor [T. E.] 1849:986 [4] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 715] Penang area, Malaysia, Strait of Malacca, eastern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1860.3.19.353 (skin). On p. 4 of reprint. •Valid as Archamia fucata (Cantor 1849) -- (Dor 1984:116 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:149 [ref. 6441], Gon 1986:554 [ref. 5657], Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:551 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:31 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:148 [ref. 15987], Chen & Shao 1993:783 [ref. 21016], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], Gon & Randall 1995:549 [ref. 22803], Randall 1995:162 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:151 [ref. 23922], Randall et al. 1997:148 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:130 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:758 [ref. 25086], Krupp et al. 2000:330 [ref. 25117], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Motomura et al. 2001:5 [ref. 25181], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:216 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:758 [ref. 26001], Gon & Randall 2003:28 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495] dated 1850, Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:66 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624] dated 1850, Randall 2005:196 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1098 [ref. 29004], Prokofiev 2006:5 [ref. 28960], Shibukawa 2009:108 [ref. 30449], Yoshida et al. 2010:48 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:110 [ref. 31256], Ho & Shao 2011: 44 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:373 [ref. 31980], Yoshida et al. 2013:110 [ref. 34464] with author as Canton). •Valid as Taeniamia fucata (Cantor 1849) -- (Fraser 2013:20 [ref. 32894], Fricke et al. 2014:79 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:43 [ref. 34429], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Motomura et al. 2017:101 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:175 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:79 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:39 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:140 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:48 [ref. 36965], Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Taeniamia fucata (Cantor 1849). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Madagascar, Mascarenes and Seychelles east to Marshall Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to Izu Islands (Japan), southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

fukuii, Apogon Hayashi [M.] 1990:8, Figs. 1, 2a, 4a [Science Report of the Yokosuka City Museum No. 38; ref. 20040] Coastal water off Ukui, Nachikatsuura Town, Mugi County, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, depth 40 meters. Holotype: YCM P9539. Paratypes: NSMT-P 34103 (1); ROM 60703 (1); IORD 83-446 (1); YCM P6504 (1), P25102-03 (1, 1). Type catalog: Shibata et al. 2011:14 [ref. 31469]. •Valid as Apogon fukuii Hayashi 1990 -- (Hayashi et al. 1997:57 [ref. 24613], Nakabo 2000:769 [ref. 25086], Randall et al. 2002:157 [ref. 26192], Nakabo 2002:769 [ref. 26001], Shibata et al. 2011:14 [ref. 31469]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus fukuii (Hayashi 1990) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:113 [ref. 36167], Trnski 2015:1217 [ref. 34198], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:112 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus fukuii (Hayashi 1990). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa); Japan; New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

fusca, Gulliveria Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:45 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 762] Norman River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:555 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1103 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

fuscolineata, Siphamia Lachner [E. A.] 1953:425, Fig. 73 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202 (v. 1); ref. 17482] Bikini Lagoon, south of Bikini Island, Marshall Islands. Holotype: USNM 142231. Paratypes: FMNH 62610 [ex USNM 142282] (2); Hanada coll. [ex USNM] (2); USNM 142281 (now 32, 1 c&s), 142282 (now 15). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:79 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Siphamia fuscolineata Lachner 1953 -- (Myers 1999:133 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1108 [ref. 29004], Gon & Allen 2012:44 [ref. 31960], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:146 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia fuscolineata Lachner 1953. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines east to Marshall and Line islands, north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

fuscomaculatus, Apogon Allen [G. R.] & Morrison [S. M.] 1996:439, Fig. 1 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 17 (pt 4); ref. 22683] Northeast of Charles Point, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, about 12°17'S, 130°40'E, depth 18-24 meters. Holotype: NTM S.13284-014. Paratypes: NTM S.11672-027 (1), S.11673-037 (1), S.13337-003 (1); WAM P.30992-001 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon fuscomacualtus Allen & Morrison 1996 -- (Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Fraser 2000:253 [ref. 24412], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847]). •Synonym of Apogon argyrogaster Weber 1909 -- (Allen et al. 2006:1083 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Jaydia argyrogaster (Weber 1909) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:382 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:110 [ref. 32988]). •Valid as Jaydia fuscomaculatus (Allen & Morrison 1996) -- (Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:239 [ref. 34742]). •Valid as Jaydia fuscomaculata (Allen & Morrison 1996). Current status: Valid as Jaydia fuscomaculata (Allen & Morrison 1996). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Northern Territory, Australia. Habitat: marine.

fuscus, Apogon Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:345 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Neotype: MNHN 0000-8682. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:93 [ref. 12478]. Neotype designated by Fraser 2008:15, 22 [ref. 29471]. •Valid as Apogon fuscus Quoy & Gaimard 1825 -- (Randall et al. 1990:142 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:x [ref. 21953], Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977], Fricke 1999:228 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:764 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:214 [ref. 25191], Shinohara et al. 2000:178 [ref. 25987], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:764 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Shibukawa 2009:105 [ref. 30449], Yoshida et al. 2010:45 [ref. 31255]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus fuscus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Randall 2005:205 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Nectamia fusca (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Fraser 2008:15 [ref. 29471] dated 1824, Allen & Erdmann 2012:385 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:73 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Yu et al. 2016:3 [ref. 34816], Fricke et al. 2018:170 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:75 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:172 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Nectamia fusca (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar and Maldives east to Line and Tuamotu islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

fusovatus, Apogon Allen [G. R.] 1985:11, Fig. 1 [The Beagle (Occasional Papers of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences) v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 8119] Vicinity of Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: WAM P.14397-001. Paratypes: AMS I.21957-019 (4); NTM S.966 (1), S.10049-006 (7), S.10120-007 (2), S.10122-010 (1), S.10250-002 (2), S.10362-002 (1); WAM P.14516-001 (1), P.14517-001 (1), P.28315-001 (1), P.28316-001. (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:23 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117] •Valid as Apogon fusovatus Allen 1985 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:548 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Apogon melanopus Weber 1911 -- (Larson & Williams 1997:356 [ref. 23967], Fraser 2000:253 [ref. 24412] as fuscovatus, Allen et al. 2006:1091 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Jaydia melanopus (Weber 1911) -- (Larson et al. 2013:111 [ref. 32988], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:420 [ref. 33460]). Current status: Synonym of Jaydia melanopus (Weber 1911). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

gardineri, Apogon Regan [C. T.] 1908:227 [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Cargados Carajos, Indian Ocean, depth 30 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.3.23.93. •Valid as Apogon gardineri Regan 1908 -- (Fraser 2000:257 [ref. 24412]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides gardineri (Regan 1908) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:44 [ref. 30717], Fraser & Allen 2011:67 [ref. 31605], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Fraser 2018:104 [ref. 36116], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:160 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides gardineri (Regan 1908). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Mascarene Plateau endemic. Habitat: marine.

gelatinosa, Pseudamia Smith [J. L. B.] 1956:690, Pl. 18 (fig. A) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 8 (no. 93) (art. 82) (for Sept. 1955); ref. 12476] Aldabra Islands, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 346. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 779-784 (1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1), 1081 (1). Published 5 Jan. 1956. •Valid as Pseudamia gelatinosa Smith 1956 [not 1955] -- (Randall et al. 1985:9 [ref. 9188], Gon 1986:561 [ref. 5657], Winterbottom et al. 1989:32 [ref. 13251], Randall & Ida 1993:11 [ref. 20715], Randall et al. 1990:153 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Goren & Dor 1994:32 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:153 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:134 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:235 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:778 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:778 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:38 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:69 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624] dates to 1956, Yoshigou & Yoshino 2004:2 [ref. 27713], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:212 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1106 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:55 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:113 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:409 [ref. 3980], Fricke et al. 2014:77 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:40 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2018:174 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:78 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:191 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pseudamia gelatinosa Smith 1956. Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

gilberti, Amia Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:777, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 28 (no. 1407); ref. 2495] Negros, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 51941. Paratypes: USNM 211818 [ex 51941] (1), CAS-SU 9135 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Apogon gilberti (Jordan & Seale 1905) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:149 [ref. 6441], Fraser & Lachner 1985:40 [ref. 5215], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Fraser 1998:990 [ref. 23602], Myers 1999:130 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:762 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:214 [ref. 25191], Nakabo 2002:762 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1089 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Zoramia gilberti (Jordan & Seale 1905) -- (Greenfield et al. 2005:625 [ref. 28488], Allen & Erdmann 2012:417 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:80 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Fricke et al. 2019:140 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:185 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Zoramia gilberti (Jordan & Seale 1905). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia and Indonesia east to Palau, Yap (Micronesia) and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Philippines. Habitat: marine.

gillii, Apogonichthys Steindachner [F.] 1867:11 [3], Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 55 (1. Abth.); ref. 4214] Fitzroy River, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia. Lectotype: NMW 35216. Paralectotypes: (several) NMW 35217 (1), ?NMW 78362 (2). On p. 3 of separate. Lectotype selected by Gon & Herzig-Straschil 1996:1029 [ref. 22568]. •Synonym of Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:555 [ref. 12442], Gon & Herzig-Straschil 1996:1029 [ref. 22568], Allen et al. 2006:1103 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Glossamia gillii (Steindachner 1867) -- (Cook et al. 2017:[13] [ref. 35342]). Current status: Valid as Glossamia gillii (Steindachner 1867). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Central East Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

gjellerupi, Apogon Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1929:285 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 5; ref. 16063] Kaiserin Augusta River; Idenburg River; Mamberamo River; Otker River; northern New Guinea. Syntypes: USNM 177670 (5, 1 c&s), 177671 (1), 177685 (2); ZMA 101164-69 (7, 2, 1, 3, 2, 9), 101333 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:85 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Glossamia gjellerupi (Weber & de Beaufort 1929) -- (Allen & Coates 1990:85 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:133 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:301 [ref. 21400], Fricke et al. 2014:72 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:68 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Glossamia gjellerupi (Weber & de Beaufort 1929). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Northern New Guinea: West Papua (Indonesia), Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

glaga, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1849:29 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [13]; ref. 318] Jakarta, Cheribon, Tjilatjap, Semarang, Java. Syntypes: RMNH 5614 (some of 6). Appeared first without distinguishing features in Bleeker 1845:526 [ref. 312]. •Synonym of Apogon poecilopterus Cuvier 1828 -- (Gon 1997:172 [ref. 23065]). •Synonym of Jaydia poeciloptera (Cuvier 1828). Current status: Synonym of Jaydia poeciloptera (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

gloverensis, Amia Mowbray [L. L.] in Breder 1927:37, Fig. 19 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 635] Washerwoman Cut, Bahamas. Holotype: YPM 466. Paratypes: YPM 467 (4), 469 (4), 470 (1). Additional material: 1 questionably included. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:7 [ref. 16741]. Primary description is quoted from Mowbray, who is regarded as the sole author. •Synonym of Phaeoptyx pigmentaria (Poey 1860) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Current status: Synonym of Phaeoptyx pigmentaria (Poey 1860). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

godini, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1854:496 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5965] Priaman, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5569 (poor condition). •Synonym of Apogon kalosoma Bleeker 1852 -- (Gon 1995:8 [ref. 21822]). •Synonym of Lepidamia kalosoma (Bleeker 1852). Current status: Synonym of Lepidamia kalosoma (Bleeker 1852). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

goni, Archamia Chen [J.-P.] & Shao [K.-T.] 1993:782, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1993 (no. 3); ref. 21016] Coastal waters off Yungan, southwestern Taiwan, depth 5 meters. Holotype: ASIZP 056613. Paratypes: ASIZP 056614-15 (5, 14); BPBM 34886 (1); NTUM 7437 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 37317 (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:44 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Archamia goni Chen & Shao 1993 -- (Randall & Satapoomin 1999:1 [ref. 24151], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:101 [ref. 25480], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:185 [ref. 27511] with authors as Shen [sic] & Shao, Motomura et al. 2001:5 [ref. 25181]). •Synonym of Archamia bleekeri (Günther 1859) -- (Gon & Randall 2003:19 [ref. 27133], Ho & Shao 2011:44 [ref. 31432], Fraser 2013:6 [ref. 32894]). Current status: Synonym of Archamia bleekeri (Günther 1859). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

goreni, Siphamia Gon [O.] & Allen [G. R.] 2012:45, Figs. 20b, 22 [Zootaxa No. 3294; ref. 31960] Dahlak Archipelago, Dahlak Kebir, ship wreck, Eritrea, depth 11 meters. Holotype: TAU P.45900-001 [= SMNHTAU]. Paratypes: many at AMS, BPBM, SAIAB, SMF, TAU [= SMNHTAU], USNM, WAM. •Valid as Siphamia goreni Gon & Allen 2012 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:78 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:148 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia goreni Gon & Allen 2012. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southern Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

gouldi, Apogon Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1977:3, Figs. 1-3a, 4a [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 452; ref. 7285] Northwestern edge of Bermuda Plateau, 64°53.4'N, 32°27.7'W, Bermuda, depth 55-56 meters. Holotype (unique): ANSP 134040. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon gouldi Smith-Vaniz 1977 -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:224 [ref. 25013], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:27 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon gouldi Smith-Vaniz 1977. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda south to Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

gracilicauda, Gymnapogon Lachner [E. A.] 1953:497, Fig. 84 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202 (v. 1); ref. 17482] Bikini Atoll, northern Marshall Islands. Holotype: USNM 112378. Paratypes: FMNH 62606 (1); USNM 112379 (1), 112380-81 (1, 1), 142408 (2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:42 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Pseudamiops gracilicauda (Lachner 1953) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:150 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:556 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:32 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1997:510 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:134 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Randall 1999:14 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:778 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Randall 2001:63 [ref. 25215], Nakabo 2002:778 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:212 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1106 [ref. 29004], Randall 2007:216 [ref. 30952], Allen & Erdmann 2012:410 [ref. 31980], Gon et al. 2013:98 [ref. 32864], Fricke et al. 2014:77 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:78 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pseudamiops gracilicauda (Lachner 1953). Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Cocos-Keeling and Christmas islands (eastern Indian Ocean) east to Marshall Islands and Rapa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Apogonichthys Bleeker [P.] 1856:371 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 10; ref. 16853] Ternate, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH.PISC 5609 (30.7 mm SL). Paralectotypes: (39) RMNH 5609 (now 37) Moluccas. One specimen removed as Verulux solmaculata RMNH.PISC 34136 [ref. 35776]. Lectotype designated by Yoshida & Motomura 2018:185 [ref. 35776]. •Valid as Rhabdamia gracilis (Bleeker 1856) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:150 [ref. 6441], Gon 1986:557 [ref. 5657], Allen 1987:6 [ref. 13387], Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:557 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:153 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:260 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:150 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:153 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:132 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:236 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:757 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:218 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:757 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:213 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1107 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:56 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:113 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:411 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:258 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:114 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:78 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Yoshida & Motomura 2018:178, 185 [ref. 35776], Fricke et al. 2018:174 [ref. 35805], Yoshida et al. 2018:236 [ref. 36254], Arndt & Fricke 2019:11 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:138 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:137 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Rhabdamia gracilis (Bleeker 1856). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Marshall Islands and Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

graeffii, Apogon Günther [A.] 1873:22, Pl. 20 (fig. E) [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 14186] Boston Island, Marshall Group, Oceania. Syntypes: BMNH 1873.4.3.32 (2), NMW 34966-67 (1, 1), NVM A.5223 [ex MGH] (3). Syntypes at NVM determined by Fraser, pers. comm. 3/2008. •Synonym of Apogon leptacanthus Bleeker 1856 -- (Fraser & Lachner 1985:34 [ref. 5215]). •Synonym of Zoramia leptacanthus (Bleeker 1856). Current status: Synonym of Zoramia leptacanthus (Bleeker 1856). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

griffini, Amia Seale [A.] 1910:117, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [The Philippine Journal of Science, Section D v. 5 (no. 2); ref. 14595] Bantayan Island, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 5701 (apparently destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP 5696 (1) and 5698 (1) (apparently destroyed). •Valid as Apogon griffini (Seale 1910) -- (Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Allen & Randall 2002:122 [ref. 26188]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus griffini (Seale 1910) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:393 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426] as junior to urostigmus, Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:126 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus griffini (Seale 1910). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Borneo and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

grossidens, Amia (Amioides) Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:440, Pl. 36 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1868); ref. 3576] Off San Fernando Point, west coast of Luzon Island, 16°30'36"N, 120°11'06"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5442, depth 45 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 70250. •Synonym of Amioides polyacanthus (Vaillant 1877) -- (Fraser 2013:26 [ref. 32555]). •Valid as Amioides grossidens (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Yamanoue 2009:409 [ref. 30548], Mabuchi et al. 2015:39 [ref. 34429]). Current status: Valid as Amioides grossidens (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Apogonidae: Amioidinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

guadalupensis, Amia Osburn [R. C.] & Nichols [J. T.] 1916:160, Fig. 9 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 35 (art. 16); ref. 15062] Guadalupe Island, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 87545 [ex AMNH 5204]. •Synonym of Apogon atricaudus Jordan & McGregor 1898 -- (Fraser in Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:28 [ref. 36965]). •Valid as Apogon guadalupensis (Osburn & Nichols 1916) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:122 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:54 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:345 [ref. 24023], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:122 [ref. 25206], Thomson et al. 2000:112 [ref. 25640], Richards & Engle 2001:179 [ref. 25759], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426] with question, Fourriére et al. 2016:445 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:228 [ref. 35888], Piñeros et al. 2018:234 [ref. 36377]). Current status: Valid as Apogon guadalupensis (Osburn & Nichols 1916). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of Baja California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

guamensis, Apogon Valenciennes [A.] 1832:54 [Nouvelles Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris) v. 1; ref. 17863] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8767 (4). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:60 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Apogon guamensis Valenciennes 1832 -- (Gon 1986:550 [ref. 5657], Paxton et al. 1989:548 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:142 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356], Randall et al. 1997:142 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:126 [ref. 23965], Fraser et al. 1999:9 [ref. 24562], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:15 [ref. 26750], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:62 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Allen et al. 2006:1089 [ref. 29004], Prokofiev 2006:5 [ref. 28960], Shibukawa 2009:105 [ref. 30449]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus guamensis (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Randall 2005:206 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2014:74 [ref. 33932] with author as Lacepède 1802). •Synonym of Nectamia fusca (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Fraser 2008:15 [ref. 29471] dated 1824, Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:68 [ref. 35264], Golani & Fricke 2018:75 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Nectamia fusca (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Hawaiian Islands, south to New Caledonia [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

gularis, Apogon Fraser [T. H.] & Lachner [E. A.] 1984:632, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 97 (no. 3); ref. 8229] Southern Red Sea, Yemen, 14°55'N, 42°28'E. Holotype: USNM 225672. Paratypes: ANSP (5), AMS 24052-001 [ex USNM 225678] (5), BMNH (5), BPBM 29204 (5), CAS 53044 (5), NMNH (5), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 19406 (5); USNM 203774 (26, 2 c&s), 225673-77 (8, 6, 4, 20, 1) 225678 (orig. 146, now 111), USNM 225679-80 (31, 1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:60 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Apogon gularis Fraser & Lachner 1984 -- (Mee 1996:106 [ref. 22471], Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356], Fraser 1998:990 [ref. 23602], Gon & Randall 2003:16 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Yoshida et al. 2013:107 [ref. 34464]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus gularis (Fraser & Lachner 1984) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:394 [ref. 31980], Fraser 2012:82 [ref. 32177], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Psomadakis et al. 2015:210 [ref. 34104], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Golani & Fricke 2018:77 [ref. 36273], Yoshida et al. 2018:237 [ref. 36265], Eagderi et al. 2019:38 [ref. 37020], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:99 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus gularis (Fraser & Lachner 1984). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman east to Philippines. Habitat: marine.

guntheri, Apogon Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:46 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Melbourne market, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: ?AMS A.7139 (1, dry right skin); MNHN A-4281 (2, dry), A-5557 (2, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:60 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Vincentia conspersa (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:558 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:570 [ref. 22532], Allen et al. 2006:1110 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Vincentia conspersa (Klunzinger 1872). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

guttulatus, Apogon Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:267, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Darnley Island, 9°35'S, 143°46'E, Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia. Lectotype: AMS IA.8103. Paralectotypes: AMS I.16306-001 [ex MAMU F402] (31). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:206 [ref. 19518]. Lectotype selected by Gon & Allen 2012:49 [ref. 31960]. •Valid as Siphamia guttulatus (Alleyne & Macleay 1877) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:557 [ref. 12442], Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812]). •Valid as Siphamia guttulata (Alleyne & Macleay 1877) -- (Allen et al. 2006:1108 [ref. 29004], Gon & Allen 2012:48 [ref. 31960], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:154 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia guttulata (Alleyne & Macleay 1877). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Torres Strait (Queensland, Australia). Habitat: marine.

hartzfeldii, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1852:254 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 16825] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5597 (97-mm specimen of 12). Bleeker specimen: BMNH 1880.4.21.62 (1). •Valid as Apogon hartzfeldii Bleeker 1852 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:548 [ref. 12442], see Kuiter 1993:160 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:135 [ref. 26476] as hartzfeldi, Randall et al. 1997:508 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:126 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830] as hartzfeldi, Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:63 [ref. 27510], Allen et al. 2006:1089 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus hartzfeldi (Bleekjer 1853) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:394 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:113 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:74 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Fricke et al. 2019:135 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:110 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus hartzfeldii (Bleeker 1852). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Palau, north to Philippines, south to northern Australia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

hayashii, Pseudamia Randall [J. E.], Lachner [E. A.] & Fraser [T. H.] 1985:11, Fig. 4 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 6; ref. 9188] Coral reef with caves, western end of Ngargol Island, Palau Islands, depth 6.1-12.2 meters. Holotype: BPBM 15025. Paratypes: AMS I.22584-025 (1), I.25007-001 [ex BPBM 28223] (1); BMNH 1985.1.28.6 (1); BPBM 15663 (2), 24116 (1), 30351 (2); CAS 56128 (3), 56137 (6), 56149 (1); MNHN 1985-0342 (3), B-3110 (1); ROM 42966-67 (1, 1); URM P.6675 (1); USNM (27, 11 lots); WAM P.27827-023 (1), P.28031-023 (1), P.28174-004 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:24 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:26 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pseudamia hayashii Randall, Lachner & Fraser 1985 -- (Randall & Ida 1993:12 [ref. 20715], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Anderson et al. 1998:24 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:134 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:779 [ref. 25086], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:779 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:69 [ref. 27510], Allen et al. 2006:1106 [ref. 29004], Shao et al. 2008:250 [ref. 29952], Allen & Erdmann 2012:409 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:77 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:40 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2019:138 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:189 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pseudamia hayashii Randall, Lachner & Fraser 1985. Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden; eastern Indonesia east to Micronesia and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

heptastygma, Apogon Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:160 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Red Sea. Syntypes: ?ZMB 65 (1, lost). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:93 [ref. 12478]. The original spelling is acceptable and need not be emended. •Valid as Apogon heptastygma Cuvier 1828 -- (Dor 1984:113 [ref. 29757] as heptastigma, Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356] as heptastigma, Gon & Randall 2003:17 [ref. 26750]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides heptastygma (Cuvier 1828) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:44 [ref. 30717], Fraser & Allen 2011:68 [ref. 31605], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:72 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:157 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides heptastygma (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

heptazona, Cheilodipterus Bleeker [P.] 1849:29 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [13]; ref. 318] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH (largest of 9). Appeared first without distinguishing features in Bleeker 1845:526 [ref. 312]. •Synonym of Cheilodipterus macrodon (Lacepède 1802) -- (Gon 1993:30 [ref. 21133], T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Valid as Cheilodipterus heptazona Bleeker 1849 -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:54 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus heptazona Bleeker 1849. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Papua New Guinea, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

heraldi, Mionurus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1943:216 [Copeia 1943 (no. 4); ref. 11019] Ragay Gulf, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 38263. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:72 [ref. 12291]. Original genus should have been Mionorus. •Synonym of Apogon poecilopterus Cuvier 1828 -- (Fraser 2000:257 [ref. 24412]). •Valid as Jaydia heraldi (Herre 1943) -- (Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:239 [ref. 34742]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia heraldi (Herre 1943). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: brackish, marine.

heurni, Apogon Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1929:286 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 5; ref. 16063] Idenburg River; Otker River; tributary of Mamberamo River; northern New Guinea. Syntypes: USNM 177684 (5, 1 c&s); ZMA 101172-73 (2, 17). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:86 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Glossamia heurni (Weber & de Beaufort 1929) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:69 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Glossamia heurni (Weber & de Beaufort 1929). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: New Guinea: West Papua (Indonesia). Habitat: freshwater.

hexacanthus, Dipterodon Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:166, 167 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Great Equatorial Ocean [Indo-Pacific]. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:96 [ref. 12478]. Figured in Lacepède 1801: Pl. 30 (fig. 2) [ref. 2710] but with vernacular name. •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

hoevenii, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1854:483 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 344] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (4) RMNH 5581 (4 of 24, 6 within size range). Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1880.4.21.71 (1), NMV 45980 (1). •Valid as Apogon hoevenii Bleeker 1854 -- (Randall et al. 1990:143 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977] as hoeveni, Randall et al. 1997:143 [ref. 25919], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830] as hoeveni, Fraser 2006:140 [ref. 28665]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus hoevenii (Bleeker 1854) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:394 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:74 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Fricke et al. 2019:135 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:127 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus hoevenii (Bleeker 1854). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Taiwan, south to Queensland (Australia) and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

holotaenia, Apogon Regan [C. T.] 1905:319 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 16; ref. 15386] Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean, depth 15-30 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1904.5.25.133-135 (3). •Valid as Apogon holotaenia Regan 1905 -- (Randall 1995:156 [ref. 22896], Anderson et al. 1998:23 [ref. 23611], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:97 [ref. 25480], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus holotaenia (Regan 1905) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:395 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:258 [ref. 32706], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Motomura et al. 2015:22 [ref. 34709], Arndt & Fricke 2019:10 [ref. 36883], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:109 [ref. 36965], Pinault et al. 2019:381 [ref. 36445], Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus holotaenia (Regan 1905). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), Socotra, Oman, Mozambique Channel, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Indonesia, north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

hungi, Apogon Fourmanoir [P.] & Do-Thi [Nh.-Nh.] 1965:36 [Cahiers O. R. S. T. O. M. (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer) Série Océanographie; ref. 9212] Mozambique Channel, off northwestern Madagascar, 16°11'S, 43°53'E, depth 62 meters. Neotype: USNM 340009. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:93 [ref. 12478], Fricke et al. 2018:169 [ref. 35805]. Original 2 syntypes lost; neotype selected by Gon 1997:164 [ref. 23065]. •Valid as Apogon hungi Fourmanoir & Do-Thi 1965 -- (Gon 1997:164 [ref. 23065] with author as Nhu-Nhung, Fraser 2000:252 [ref. 24412]). •Valid as Jaydia hungi (Fourmanoir & Do-Thi 1965) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:239 [ref. 34742], Fricke et al. 2018:169 [ref. 35805], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:167 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia hungi (Fourmanoir & Do-Thi 1965). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa to Comoros and Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

hungi, Jaydia Fourmanoir [P.] 1967:265, Fig. 1 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 39 (no. 2); ref. 7960] Gulf of Suez, Egypt, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1965-0711. Based on literature sources and one specimen. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Apogon by Apogon hungi Fourmanoir & Do-Thi 1965. •Valid as Apogon hungi (Fourmanoir 1967) -- (Dor 1984:113 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356]). •Synonym of Apogon smithi (Kotthaus 1970) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •In the synonymy of Apogon smithi (Kotthaus 1970) -- (Gon & Randall 2003:24 [ref. 26750]). •Synonym of Jaydia smithi Kotthaus 1970. Current status: Synonym of Jaydia smithi Kotthaus 1970. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

hyalina, Amia Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:433, Pl. 36 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1868); ref. 3576] Talisse Island, north of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype: USNM 70245. Paratypes: USNM 171126 (10), 227794 [ex Univ. Iowa Mus.] (1, not in jar in 1985). •Valid as Apogon hyalina (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:109 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Foa hyalina (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:379 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:71 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Fraser 2014:168 [ref. 33548], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:11 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Foa hyalina (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia east to Palau, north to Philippines, south to Papua New Guinea and Timor Sea. Habitat: marine.

hyalosoma, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1852:63 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 16832] Ambon, Jakarta, Semarang; Bima, Sumbawa; Benculen, Padang, Priaman, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (9) RMNH 5568 (1), 23962 [ex 5568] (some of 9), 23961 [ex 5568] (3), ?BMNH 1880.4.21.69-70, 72-73 (4). Based on Apogon thermalis of Bleeker (not of Cuvier). Also in Bleeker 1853:329 [ref. 5117]. •Valid as Apogon hyalosoma Bleeker 1852 -- (Dor 1984:115 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:149 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:548 [ref. 12442], Allen 1991:131 [ref. 21090], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:257 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:356 [ref. 23967], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:762 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Sakai et al. 2001:96 [ref. 25693], Allen et al. 2002:247 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:762 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Allen et al. 2006:1089 [ref. 29004], Shibukawa 2009:106 [ref. 30449], Kottelat 2013:329 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus hyalosoma (Bleeker 1852) -- (Fricke et al. 2014:74 [ref. 33932]). •Valid as Yarica hyalosoma (Bleeker 1852) -- (Larson et al. 2013:114 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:43 [ref. 34429], Koeda et al. 2016:35 [ref. 35333], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:70 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Yarica hyalosoma (Bleeker 1852). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea east to Philippines and Fiji, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hypselonotus, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1855:309 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 348] Batu Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5571 (1 of 16, probably the 39-mm TL spec.). •Status uncertain -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426]). •SValid as Apogon hypselonotus Bleeker 1855 -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:34 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon hypselonotus Bleeker 1855. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia east to American Samoa. Habitat: marine.

igneus, Apogon Ehrenberg [C. G.] in Klunzinger 1870:710, footnote [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 20; ref. 2621] Not available, name mentioned in synonymy in footnote and with no distinguishing features [on two specimens in ZMB 71]. •In the synonymy of Apogon coccineus Rüppell 1838 -- (Dor 1984:110 [ref. 29757], Gon & Randall 2003:9 [ref. 26750]). •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

ignitops, Nectamia Fraser [T. H.] 2008:23, Figs. 3F, 10, 18 [Zootaxa No. 1691; ref. 29471] Tioman Island, Malaysia. Holotype: BPBM 21897. Paratypes: BPBM 38585 (4). Plus non-type specimens at CAS and ROM. Name is a noun in apposition. •Valid as Nectamia ignitops Fraser 2008 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:385 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:176 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Nectamia ignitops Fraser 2008. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: South China Sea: Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. Habitat: marine.

imberbis, Mullus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:300 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Malta [Melita], Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Spelled Mullus inberbis by Sonnini 1801:257 [ref. 30163]. •Valid as Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Fraser & Robins 1970:306 [ref. 1485], Tortonese 1973:365 [ref. 7192], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:804 [ref. 13676], Maugé 1990:714 [ref. 17126], Santos et al. 1997:83 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:82 [ref. 24952], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:225 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:73 [ref. 25466], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:80 [ref. 26753], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Golani 2005:37 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:81 [ref. 29533], Wirtz et al. 2007:10, 31 [ref. 30263], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:43 [ref. 36649], Wirtz et al. 2013:123 [ref. 32972], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Gon in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2428 [ref. 34618], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:96 [ref. 36864], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:23 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Portugal south to Angola, including islands of Gulf of Guinea, Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Apogon Greenfield [D. W.] 2001:465, Figs. 2B-C [Copeia 2001 (no. 2); ref. 25234] Mauritius, southwestern coast, Passe de L'Ambulante, off le Morne, outside lagoon, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, 20°26'10"S, 57°17'40"E, depth 6-8 meters. Holotype: USNM 341643. Paratypes: USNM 359989 (1). •Valid as Apogon indicus Greenfield 2001 -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:194 [ref. 28239], Greenfield 2007:364 [ref. 29402], Fricke et al. 2009:51 [ref. 30213], Yoshida et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31255], Yoshida et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:107 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:368 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2018:164 [ref. 35805], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:36 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon indicus Greenfield 2001. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Comoros, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Palau and southern Line Islands, north to southern Japan and the Philippines, south to New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

infuscus, Apogon (Apogonichthys) Fourmanoir [P.] in Roux-Estève & Fourmanoir 1955:197 [Annales de l'Institut Océanographique, Monaco (Nouvelle Série) v. 30 (art. 7); ref. 5324] Abu Latt/Alith Island, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea, 19°58.0'N, 40°07.6'E. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1952-0298. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:60 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Apogonichthys perdix Bleeker 1854 -- (Dor 1984:116 [ref. 29757], Gon & Randall 2003:27 [ref. 26750]). •Valid as Apogonichthys infuscus (Fourmanoir 1955) -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:7 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthys infuscus (Fourmanoir 1955). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

intermedius, Cheilodipterus Gon [O.] 1993:19, Pl. 1 (fig. B); Figs. 3A, 8 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 22; ref. 21133] Fringing reef edge, east side of Marine lab, Sesoko-jima Island, Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, depth 3 meters. Holotype: BPBM 34628. Paratypes: ANSP 123412 (3), 168609 (2); BPBM 22284 (2), 34626 (2); CAS 73448 (2), 76127 (2); WAM P.27824-072 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:26 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Cheilodipterus intermedius Gon 1993 -- (Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:131 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1100 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:50 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:111 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:376 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:70 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:43 [ref. 34429], Ranjith et al. 2015:55 [ref. 34723], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:56 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus intermedius Gon 1993. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands, north to Vietnam and Ryukyu Islands, south to Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia). Habitat: marine.

irida, Archamia Gon [O.] & Randall [J. E.] 1995:543, Fig. 2 [Israel Journal of Zoology v. 41; ref. 22803] El-Tor, Gulf of Suez, Red Sea, among pilings. Holotype: BPBM 18184. Paratypes: BPBM 36451 (3), HUJ 17823 (1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 46951 (1), USNM 331829 (1). Type catalog: Golani 2006:27 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Archamia irida Gon & Randall 1995 -- (Randall & Satapoomin 1999:1 [ref. 24151]). •Synonym of Archamia fucata (Cantor 1849) -- (Gon & Randall 2003:28 [ref. 26750], Gon & Randall 2003:28 [ref. 27133], Randall 2005:196 [ref. 28239], Fraser 2013:20 [ref. 32894]). •Synonym of Taeniamia fucata (Cantor 1849) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014: 198 [ref. 33426], Golani & Fricke 2018:79 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Taeniamia fucata (Cantor 1849). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

ishigakiensis, Apogon Ida [H.] & Moyer [J. T.] 1974:115, Figs. 1, 3A, 5A [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 21 (no. 3); ref. 7507] Northern coast of Iriomote-jima, 20 kilometers west of Ishigaki-jima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 52989. Paratypes: FSKU 731013-01 a-d; ZUMT 52988 (1), 52990 (1). •Valid as Apogon ishigakiensis Ida & Moyer 1974 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:148 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:774 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:774 [ref. 26001], Fraser 2006:140 [ref. 28665]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus ishigakiensis (Ida & Moyer 1974) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Koeda et al. 2016:33 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus ishigakiensis (Ida & Moyer 1974). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

isostigma, Apogonichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:251, Fig. 45 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51736 (1 of 4). Paratypes: BPBM 5326 [ex USNM 51736] (1), CAS-SU 8687 (3), USNM 51736 (orig. 5, now 3 of 4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:72 [ref. 12291]. For problems of types in 1912 see Kendall & Radcliffe 1912:105 [ref. 14961]. •Synonym of Fowleria punctulata (Rüppell 1838) -- (Randall et al. 1990:152 [ref. 15987]). •Valid as Fowleria isostigma (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Dor 1984:118 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:143 [ref. 6441], Goren & Dor 1994:32 [ref. 25356], T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Nakabo 2000:755 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:755 [ref. 26001], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall 2005:200 [ref. 28239], Gon & Bogorodsky 2010:28 [ref. 31049], Yoshida et al. 2010:53 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:112 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:380 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32988], Larson et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:330 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:71 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:40 [ref. 34429], Golani & Fricke 2018:74 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:13 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Fowleria isostigma (Jordan & Seale 1906). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Rapa, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

isostigma, Cheilodipterops Schultz [L. P.] 1940:413, Fig. 20b [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 88 (no. 3085); ref. 3952] New Guinea. Holotype (unique): USNM 30657. •Valid as Cheilodipterus isostigmus (Schultz 1940) -- (Gon 1993:23 [ref. 21133], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Myers 1999:131 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:67 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:198 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1100 [ref. 29004], Allen & Erdmann 2012:376 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:70 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426]). •Valid as Cheilodipterus isostigma (Schultz 1940) -- (Kuiter 1997:138 [ref. 25488], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:63 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus isostigma (Schultz 1940). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Malaysia and Indonesia east to Marshall Islands, north to Philippines, south to Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

isus, Apogon Randall [J. E.] & Böhlke [J. E.] 1981:136, Pl. 1 (fig. D) [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 133; ref. 8562] Reef front with caves, 500 meters north of entrance to Port Sudan harbor, Sudan, Red Sea, depth 6-20 meters. Holotype: BPBM 17895. Paratypes: ANSP 144106 (4); BPBM 18165 (2), 27463 (2); CAS 46538 (1); HUJ 8472 (2); MNHN 1977-0455 (1); ROM 36591 (2); SMF 15699 (1); USNM 222156 (6, 1 c&s). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:60 [ref. 12478], Golani 2006:26 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Apogon isus Randall & Böhlke 1981 -- (Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356], Fraser 1998:990 [ref. 23602], Gon & Randall 2003:17 [ref. 26750]). •Valid as Zapogon isus (Randall & Böhlke 1981) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:79 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:40 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Zapogon isus (Randall & Böhlke 1981). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

janus, Gymnapogon Fraser [T. H.] 2016:433, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 4107 (no. 3); ref. 34421] Visayan Sea between northern Negros & Masbate Islands, southeast of Sicogon I., Philippines, 11.3667°N, 123.33°W, depth 0 to 38.4 meters. Holotype: USNM 314651. Paratypes: USNM. •Valid as Gymnapogon janus Fraser 2016. Current status: Valid as Gymnapogon janus Fraser 2016. Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Gymnapogon Regan [C. T.] 1905:20 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 15 (no. 85) (art. 2); ref. 3624] Inland Sea, Japan. BMNH. Syntypes: BMNH 1905.6.6.113-122 (10), USNM 108821 (1), ZSI F2994/1-2996/1 (3). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:143 [ref. 20743]. •Valid as Gymnapogon japonicus Regan 1905 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:150 [ref. 6441], Ho et al. 1993:8 [ref. 22789], Nakabo 2000:777 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:777 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:320, 599 [ref. 26218], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Fraser 2016:431 [ref. 34421], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:74 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Gymnapogon japonicus Regan 1905. Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

jebbi, Siphamia Allen [G. R.] 1993:14, Fig. 7 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 20 (no. 1); ref. 20779] Padoz Reef, off entrance to Nagada harbor, near Madang, Papua New Guinea, about 5°10'S, 145°49'E, depth 20-22 meters. Holotype: WAM P.30375-006. Paratypes (some are misidentifications): AMS I.33356-001 (5); USNM 323789 (5); WAM P.27666-013 (2), P.30337-006 (5), P.30372-006 (1), P.30375-001 (20), P.30376-019 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:27 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Siphamia jebbi Allen 1993 -- (Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Gon & Allen 2012:49 [ref. 31960], Allen & Erdmann 2012:414 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:78 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Gon et al. 2014:337 [ref. 33558], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Allen & Erdmann 2019:7 [ref. 36724], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:150 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia jebbi Allen 1993. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia east to Micronesia, Fiji and Tonga, north to Philippines, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

jenkinsi, Amia Evermann [B. W.] & Seale [A.] 1907:73, Fig. 9 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 26 (Doc. 607) (for 1906); ref. 1285] Bulan, Sorsogon, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 55907. •Valid as Apogon jenkinsi (Evermann & Seale 1907) -- (Allen 2001:147 [ref. 25670], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1090 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus jenkinsi (Evermann & Seale 1907) --- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:395 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Fricke et al. 2019:135 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:96 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus jenkinsi (Evermann & Seale 1907). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Philippines, south to Great Barrier Reef (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

kagoshimanus, Apogon Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:3 [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 48 (1. Abth.); ref. 4247] Kagoshima, Japan. Holotype (unique): NMW 34996. Name mentioned in passing in synonymy of Apogon (Archamia) macropterus Cuvier 1828. Apparently made available back to Döderlein 1883 by use as a valid species by Jordan & Snyder 1901:907. •Synonym of Archamia fucata (Cantor 1849) -- (Gon & Randall 2003:28 [ref. 27133]). •Valid as Taeniamia kagoshimanus (Döderlein 1883) -- (Fraser 2013:3 [ref. 32894], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429]). •Valid as Taeniamia kagoshimana (Döderlein 1883) -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:47 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Taeniamia kagoshimana (Döderlein 1883). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

kallopterus, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1856:33 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 1 (6); ref. 352] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5592 (smallest of 2). •Valid as Apogon kallopterus Bleeker 1856 -- (Dor 1984:114 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:148 [ref. 6441], Fraser & Lachner 1985:8 [ref. 5215], Gon 1986:550 [ref. 5657], Paxton et al. 1989:548 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:29 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:143 [ref. 15987], Francis & Randall 1993:120 [ref. 20996], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:155 [ref. 22896], Mee 1996:106 [ref. 22471], Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:138 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:143 [ref. 25919], Randall 1998:32 [ref. 23433], Myers 1999:129 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:228 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Randall 1999:14 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:760 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:12 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Allen 2001:149 [ref. 25670], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:760 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:18 [ref. 26750], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:185 [ref. 28072], Mundy 2005:355 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1090 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:38 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:107 [ref. 31256], Yoshida et al. 2011:120 [ref. 32402]). •Valid as Pristiapogon kallopterus (Bleeker 1856) -- (Randall 2005:211 [ref. 28239], Schultz & Randall 2006:8 [ref. 28964], Randall 2007:215 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:53 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:407 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:258 [ref. 32706], Larson 2013:114 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:77 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:113 [ref. 36167], Mabuchi et al. 2015:45 [ref. 34429], Trnski 2015:1218 [ref. 34198], Koeda et al. 2016:34 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:173 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:78 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:138 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:130 [ref. 36965], Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Pristiapogon kallopterus (Bleeker 1856). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), Lord Howe Island and Kermadec Islands, Tonga and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

kalosoma, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1852:448 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 3); ref. 16828] Bangka, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5589 (largest of 3). •Valid as Apogon kalosoma Bleeker 1852 -- (Gon 1995:8 [ref. 21822], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Lepidamia kalosoma (Bleeker 1852) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:383 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:79 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Lepidamia kalosoma (Bleeker 1852). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: western Indonesia and Borneo (Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei) north to Taiwan Habitat: marine.

kauderni, Pterapogon Koumans [F. P.] 1933:78, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 16 (no. 1-2); ref. 2673] Banggai, eastern Sulawesi, Indonesia, near shore. Syntypes: RMNH 17003 (2). •Valid as Pterapogon kauderni Koumans 1933 -- (Allen & Steene 1995:7 [ref. 22736], Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Allen 1999:2609 [ref. 24812], Allen 2000:142 [ref. 25748], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:70 [ref. 27510], Allen & Erdmann 2012:410 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:178 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pterapogon kauderni Koumans 1933. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Sulawesi (Indonesia); introduced elsewhere. Habitat: marine.

kautamea, Apogon Greenfield [D. W.] & Randall [J. E.] 2004:562, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 55 (no. 29); ref. 28162] West coast of Tahai, Easter Island, southeastern Pacific, depth 18-20 meters. Holotype: CAS 219899. Paratypes: AMS I.4330-001 (1); BMNH 2004.6.18.1 (1); BPBM 6634-35 (1, 1), 39186 (2); CAS 219900 (3); FMNH 113713 (1); NSMT-P 68772 (1); SAIAB 74299 (1); USNM 378013 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Apogon kautamea Greenfield & Randall 2004 -- (Greenfield 2007:365 [ref. 29402] as kauteamea [typo]). •Valid as Apogon kautamea Greenfield & Randall 2004 -- (Yoshida et al. 2010:33 [ref. 31255], Yoshida et al. 2010:33 [ref. 31255], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:39 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon kautamea Greenfield & Randall 2004. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Easter Island endemic. Habitat: marine.

kiensis, Apogon Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:905, Fig. 9 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 23 (no. 1240); ref. 2511] Wakanoura, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, Inland Sea. Holotype: CAS-SU 6514. Paratypes: (37) CAS-SU 6739 (21); USNM 49881 (1), 49904 (6). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71-72 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Apogon kiensis Jordan & Snyder 1901 -- (Dor 1984:113 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:146 [ref. 6441], Gon 1986:551 [ref. 5657], Kuiter 1993:158 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356], Lee & Kim 1996:64 [ref. 24706], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:258 [ref. 27969] with authors as Jordan & Schneider, Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:140 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:141 [ref. 25919], Fraser 1998:990 [ref. 23602], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:765 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:214 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Allen 2001:149 [ref. 25670], Nakabo 2002:765 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:321, 598 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Fraser 2005:26 [ref. 28138], Shinohara et al. 2005:432 [ref. 28370], Allen et al. 2006:1090 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus kiensis (Jordan & Snyder 1901) -- (Randall 2005:206 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:395 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:74 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2019:135 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:94 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus kiensis (Jordan & Snyder 1901). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

kiushiuanus, Apogon Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:2 [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 48 (1. Abth.); ref. 4247] Kagoshima, Japan. Not available, name mentioned in passing in synonomy of Apogon semilineatus Temminck & Schlegel 1843. •In the synonymy of Apogon semilineatus Temminck & Schlegel 1843 -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Kottelat 2013:330 [ref. 32989]). •In the synonymy of Ostorhinchus semilineatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus semilineatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

koilomatodon, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1853:134 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16899] Ternate, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5575 (141-mm TL specimen of 3). Holotype identified by Randall & Fraser 1999:623 [ref. 24563]. •Synonym of Apogon trimaculatus Cuvier 1828 -- (Randall & Fraser 1999:619 [ref. 24563]). •Synonym of Pristicon trimaculatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Randall 2005:211 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Pristicon trimaculatus (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

kominatoensis, Apogon Ebina [K.] 1935:211, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute Tokyo v. 30 (no. 3); ref. 13879] Tidepools at Kominato, Chiba, Japan. Holotype: Zool. Lab., Imp. Fish. Inst. Tokyo (lost). Paratypes: (2). •Status uncertain -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969]). •Valid as Apogon kominatoensis Ebina 1935 -- (Yoshida et al. 2010:33, 39 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:108 [ref. 31256], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Motomura et al. 2015:22 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:4 [ref. 35354], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:38 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon kominatoensis Ebina 1935. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

komodoensis, Apogon Allen [G. R.] 1998:27, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 25 (nos 1-2); ref. 23410] Rinca Island, southwestern corner of island at Toropropa Bay (ca. 8°44'S, 119°37'E), Komodo Group, Indonesia, depth 10-11 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6135. Paratypes: NCIP 6136-38 (3); WAM P.30960-001 (1), P.30963-001 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon komodoensis Allen 1998 -- (Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus komodoensis (Allen 1998) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:395 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:83 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus komodoensis (Allen 1998). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

lachneri, Apogon Böhlke [J. E.] 1959:1, Fig. 1 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 319; ref. 11979] About 1/3 mile north of the center of Green Cay, Bahamas, 25°07'08"N, 77°11'17"W. Holotype: ANSP 83827. Paratypes: ANSP 83828-31 (1, 2, 1, 49). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon lachneri Böhlke 1959 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:152 [ref. 23100], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Collette et al. 2003:108 [ref. 26784], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:223 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2011:14 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:45 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:30 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon lachneri Böhlke 1959. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

lachneri, Cheilodipterus Klausewitz [W.] 1959:260, Fig. 11 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 40 (nos 5/6); ref. 12001] Hurghada, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea, depth 2 meters. Holotype: SMF 4616. Paratypes: SMF 4713 (1). •Synonym of Cheilodipterus arabicus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:x [ref. 21953], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426]). •Valid as Cheilodipterus lachneri Klausewitz 1959 -- (Dor 1984:117 [ref. 29757], Gon 1986:555 [ref. 5657], Paxton et al. 1989:552 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:31 [ref. 13251], Gon 1993:24 [ref. 21133], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], Gon & Randall 2003:30 [ref. 26750], DiBattista et al. 2015:21 [ref. 35706], Golani & Fricke 2018:73 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:60 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus lachneri Klausewitz 1959. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

landoni, Apogonichthys Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1934:40 [Notes on fishes in the Zoological Museum of Stanford University. 1. The fishes of the Herre Philippine expedition of 1931.; ref. 2108] Reef in Cebu Harbor, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 29083. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:72 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Apogonichthys landoni Herre 1934 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426]). •Valid as Foa landoni (Herre 1934) -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:9 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Foa landoni (Herre 1934). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

lateralis, Apogon Valenciennes [A.] 1832:58 [Nouvelles Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris) v. 1; ref. 17863] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, western Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-2363 (5). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:61 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Apogon lateralis Valenciennes 1832 -- (Gon 1986:551 [ref. 5657], Kottelat et al. 1993:109 [ref. 23448], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:509 [ref. 25919], Yoshigou & Yoshino 1999:4 [ref. 24397], Myers 1999:126 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:229 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:767 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:767 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:63 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1090 [ref. 29004], Shibukawa 2009:106 [ref. 30449]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus lateralis (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Randall 2005:206 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:396 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:330 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:75 [ref. 33932]). •Valid as Fibramia lateralis (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2015:39 [ref. 34319], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Motomura et al. 2017:97 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:167 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:132 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:183 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Fibramia lateralis (Valenciennes 1832). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Caroline Islands (Micronesia), Tonga and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lativittatus, Apogon Randall [J. E.] 2001:49, Figs. 1-2 [Pacific Science v. 55 (no. 1); ref. 25215] Fatu Hiva, northeast of Matahumu Point, Marquesas Islands, depth 6 meters. Holotype: BPBM 11665. Paratypes: AMS I.39939-001 (1); ANSP 177853 (1); BPBM 11032 (5), 11677 (4), 12102 (1), 28069 (1), 38526 (1); CAS 211280 (1); FMNH 108688 (1); MNHN 2000-350 (2); NSMT-P59105 (1); USNM 360018 (1). •Valid as Apogon lativittatus Randall 2001 -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Randall 2005:194 [ref. 28239], Greenfield 2007:364 [ref. 29402], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:34 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon lativittatus Randall 2001. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southern-central Pacific: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

latus, Apogon Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:159 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Red Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:93 [ref. 12478]. •Status uncertain -- (Dor 1984:115 [ref. 29757], Gon & Randall 2003:42 [ref. 26750]). •Valid as Apogon latus Cuvier 1828 -- (Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Uncertain in family Apogonidae – (Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:68 [ref. 35264]). Apogonidae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

leai, Archamia Waite [E. R.] 1916:455, Pl. 45 [Transactions Royal Society of South Australia v. 40; ref. 15082] Norfolk Island. Syntypes: SAMA F308 (4). Type catalog: Glover 1976:172 [ref. 19449]. •Valid as Archamia leai Waite 1916 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:552 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:148 [ref. 15987], Chen & Shao 1993:783 [ref. 21016], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Randall et al. 1997:148 [ref. 25919], Randall & Satapoomin 1999:1 [ref. 24151], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Motomura et al. 2001:5 [ref. 25181], Gon & Randall 2003:33 [ref. 27133], Randall 2005:197 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1099 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Taeniamia leai (Waite 1916) -- (Fraser 2013:21 [ref. 32894], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:46 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Taeniamia leai (Waite 1916). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southern Queensland and northern New South Wales (Australia), east to New Caledonia and Norfolk Island. Habitat: marine.

leisi, Foa Fraser [T. H.] & Randall [J. E.] 2011:15, Figs. 9-10, 14-15 [Zootaxa No. 2988; ref. 31459] Taiaro Atoll, lagoon, 600 meters northeast of house, 15.2400°S, 144.64500°W, Tuamotu Archipelago, French Polynesia, depth 15-18 meters. Holotype: AMS I.34514.002. Paratypes: AMNH 72824 (7); AMS I.34514.016 (4), I.34517.008 (2); BPBM 6195 (12); CAS 83094 (1); USNM 379655 (2), 379712 (2). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Foa leisi Fraser & Randall 2011 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:10 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Foa leisi Fraser & Randall 2011. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: South-central Pacific: Rapa, Society Islands (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.

lemprieri, Apogon Johnston [R. M.] 1883:142 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1882; ref. 18337] Dunkley's Point, Sandy Bay, Tasmania, Australia. •Synonym of Vincentia conspersa (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:570 [ref. 22532], Allen et al. 2006:1111 [ref. 29004], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:18 [ref. 36965] as form lemprieri). Current status: Synonym of Vincentia conspersa (Klunzinger 1872). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

leptacanthus, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1856:204 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 16861] Ternate, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) RMNH 5570 (1, poor condition) Species name 'leptacanthus' treated as a noun in apposition, therefore ending not adjusted to genus. •Valid as Apogon leptacanthus Bleeker 1856 -- (Dor 1984:115 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:149 [ref. 6441], Fraser & Lachner 1985:34 [ref. 5215], Gon 1986:551 [ref. 5657], Paxton et al. 1989:549 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:30 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:143 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:146 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:143 [ref. 25919], Fraser 1998:990 [ref. 23602], Myers 1999:130 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:762 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:762 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:18 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1090 [ref. 29004], Shibukawa 2009:106 [ref. 30449]). •Valid as Zoramia leptacantha (Bleeker 1856) -- (Randall 2005:215 [ref. 28239], Greenfield et al. 2005:625 [ref. 28488], Allen & Erdmann 2012:417 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:80 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:47 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2018:176 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:141 [ref. 36673]). •Valid as Zoramia leptacantha (Bleeker 1856) -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:184 [ref. 36965]). •Valid as Zoramia leptacanthus (Bleeker 1856) -- (Golani & Fricke 2018:79 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Zoramia leptacanthus (Bleeker 1856). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Seychelles east to Marshall Islands, Tonga and Samoa, south to Western Australia and Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

leptocaulus, Apogon Gilbert [C. R.] 1972:421, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 85 (no. 36); ref. 17350] Atlantic, about 3700 yards off Boca Raton, Palm Beach County, Florida, U.S.A., depth 65-70 feet. Holotype: UF 17287. Paratypes: ANSP 117463 (1), FMNH 71014 (1). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:112 [ref. 21035], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:10 [ref. 12367], Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon leptocaulus Gilbert 1972 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:152 [ref. 23100], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:27 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon leptocaulus Gilbert 1972. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

leptofasciatus, Apogon Allen [G. R.] 2001:145, Fig. 1 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 25670] Wruwarez Island, 0°47.103'S, 130°45.865E, off Batanta Island, Raja Ampat Islands, Irian Jaya Province, Indonesia. Holotype: NCIP 6189. Paratypes: WAM 31782-001 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon leptofasciatus Allen 2001 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus leptofasaciatus (Allen 2001) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:396 [ref. 31980], Fraser 2012:82 [ref. 32177], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:97 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus leptofasciatus (Allen 2001). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: West Papua (Indonesia) and Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia). Habitat: marine.

leslie, Ostorhinchus Schultz [J.] & Randall [J. E.] 2006:3, Figs. 1-4 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 28964] Rose Atoll, southwestern side, 14°33.038'S, 158°9.250'W, American Somoa, depth 36.5 meters. Holotype: BPBM 40437. Paratypes: BPBM 15014 (2), 40438 (1); BMNH 2006;6.6.1 (1); MBNH 2006.6.6.1 (1); USNM 362856 (1). •Valid as Ostorhinchus leslie Schultz & Randall 2006 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:109 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus leslie Schultz & Randall 2006. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Vanuatu; American Samoa. Habitat: marine.

limenus, Apogon Randall [J. E.] & Hoese [D. F.] 1988:361, Figs. 1-2 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 40; ref. 14264] Bottle and Glass Rocks, 33°52'S, 151°16'E, Sydney Harbor, New South Wales, Australia, depth 5-8 meters. Holotype: AMS I.26325-001 [ex BPBM 27825]. Paratypes: AMS I.19103-032 (30), I.19499-001 (1), I.19700-008 (2); BMNH 1986.9.4.129 (1); BPBM 14955 (2), 30588 (now 4); CAS 58973 (1); USNM [ex BPBM 30588] (1); WAM P.27082-006 (5). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:24 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon limenus Randall & Hoese 1988 -- (Kuiter 1993:159 [ref. 23929], Kuiter 1997:142 [ref. 25488], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Allen et al. 2006:1091 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus limenus (Randall & Hoese 1988) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:115 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus limenus (Randall & Hoese 1988). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southern Queensland south to northern New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: brackish, marine.

lineata, Perca Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:42 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. No types known. Apparently independent of Perca lineata Linnaeus 1758 and preoccupied by P. lineata Linnaeus; but Fricke 1999:233 [ref. 24106] disagrees and regards Perca lineata Forsskål as not independent of Linnaeus and therefore objectively invalid. Gon & Randall 2003:31 [ref. 26750] use Cheilodipterus lineatus and cite Art. 23.9.5 but this article requires a petition. Also in Bonnaterre 1788:127 [ref. 4940]. •Treated as valid as Cheilodipterus lineatus by Gon 1993:27 [ref. 21133] but through a misinterpretation of Art. 57h(i); the valid name for this taxon is Cheilodipterus arabicus Gmelin 1789. •Incorrectly valid as Cheilodipterus lineatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Gon & Randall 2003:31 [ref. 26750], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:187 [ref. 28072]). •Synonym of Cheilodipterus arabicus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Randall 1995:162 [ref. 22896], Fricke 2008:30 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilodipterus arabicus (Gmelin 1789). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Apogon Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:3 [Fauna Japonica Part 1; ref. 4370] Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 70a [not 72a]. Paralectotypes: RMNH 70b [not 72b] (1). Lectotype designation by Boeseman 1947:18 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Apogon lineatus Temminck & Schlegel 1843 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:145 [ref. 6441], Randall 1995:157 [ref. 22896], Lee & Kim 1996:64 [ref. 24706], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:258 [ref. 27969], Gon 1997:168 [ref. 23065], Gon & Allen 1998:6 [ref. 24416], Fraser 2000:254 [ref. 24412], Nakabo 2000:773 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Shimizu 2001:29 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:773 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:320, 598 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:432 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Apogonichthys lineatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Cheng & Zhou 1997:256 [ref. 26385], Wang et al. 2001:217 [ref. 26566]). •Valid as Jaydia lineata (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Gon et al. 2015:291 [ref. 33858], Mabuchi et al. 2015:31, 46 [ref. 34429], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:239 [ref. 34742], Yu et al. 2016:3 [ref. 34816], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:168 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia lineata (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Cheilodipterus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:540, 543, Pl. 34 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Commerson material: MNHN 0000-9243 (skin). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:95 [ref. 12478] -- based on a drawing (and not the Commerson specimen). Secondarily preoccupied in Cheilodipterus by Perca lineatus (Forsskål 1775); but see Fricke 1999:233 [ref. 24106]. Genus misspelled Chelodipterus on p. 543. Considered by authors as a secondary homonym of Perca lineata of Forsskål 1775, which is, however, not a species independent from Perca lineata Linnaeus 1758 but a misidentification (see Fricke 1999:233 [ref. 24106], Fricke 2008:30 [ref. 30182], Fricke et al. 2009:51 [30213]). Though Cheilodipterus lineatus Lacepède 1801 would be the valid senior synonym, most authors are using Cheilodipterus macrodon (Lacepède 1802) as valid, which is here retained for the time being, pending a decision of ICZN. •Synonym of Cheilodipterus macrodon (Lacepède 1802) -- (Gon 1993:30 [ref. 21133], T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Gon & Randall 2003:32 [ref. 26750]). •Valid as Cheilodipterus lineatus Lacepède 1801 -- (Gon 1986:555 [ref. 5657], Allen & Swainston 1988:64 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:552 [ref. 12442], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], Fricke 1999:232 [ref. 24106], Fricke et al. 2009:51 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2014:70 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2015:43 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2019:131 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:55 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus lineatus Lacepède 1801. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) east to Marshall Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island, Tonga and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

lineolatus, Apogon Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1829:47, Pl. 12 (fig. 1) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. •Permanently invalid, preoccupied by Apogon lineolatus Cuvier 1828 -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Synonym of Taeniamia lineolata (Cuvier 1828). Current status: Synonym of Taeniamia lineolata (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

lineolatus, Apogon Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:160 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Red Sea. Syntypes: ZMB 66 (5). Non-types: ZMB 67 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:93 [ref. 12478]. Regarded as based on only one specimen by Eschmeyer et al. 1998. •Valid as Archamia lineolata (Cuvier 1828) -- (Dor 1984:116 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:149 [ref. 6441], Gon 1986:554 [ref. 5657], Chen & Shao 1993:783 [ref. 21016], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], Gon & Randall 1995:549 [ref. 22803], Nakabo 2000:758 [ref. 25086], Motomura et al. 2001:5 [ref. 25181], Nakabo 2002:758 [ref. 26001], Gon & Randall 2003:29 [ref. 26750], Gon & Randall 2003:34 [ref. 27133]). •Valid as Taeniamia lineolata (Cuvier 1828) -- (Fraser 2013:21 [ref. 32894], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:43 [ref. 34429], DiBattista et al. 2015:20 [ref. 35706], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:79 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:47 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Taeniamia lineolata (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

lineomaculatus, Apogon Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 2002:117, Figs. 1-2 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 26188] Tulamben, near rocky point on east side of Tulamben Beach, about 8°18'S, 115°37'E, Bali, Indonesia, depth 20-25 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6154. Paratypes: BPBM 32233 (2), 34081 (1), 34159 (2); MNHN 1998-1380 (2); NCIP 6155 (3); USNM 351559 (2); WAM 30514-002 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon lineomaculatus Allen & Randall 2002 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus lineomaculatus (Allen & Randall 2002) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:396 [ref. 31980], Fraser 2012:82 [ref. 32177], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Allen & Erdmann 2017:39 [ref. 35104], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:102 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus lineomaculatus (Allen & Randall 2002). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

longicauda, Apogonicthys De Vis [C. W.] 1884:395 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Queensland, Australia. No types known. Original genus should have been Apogonichthys. •Synonym of Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:555 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1103 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

longimana, Foa Weber [M.] 1909:163 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 31 (note 4); ref. 4600] Nalahia, Nusa Laut Island, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMA 112203. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:88 [ref. 19236]. Based on a 14.2-mm specimen taken in the water column. •Status uncertain, genus Foa -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000 and 8/2012, Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426]). •Valid as Foa longimana Weber 1909 -- (Fraser 2014:170 [ref. 33548] with 4 choices for genera, doubtful). Current status: Valid as Foa longimana Weber 1909. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indonesia (if valid). Habitat: marine.

lunatus, Mionorus Krefft [J. L. G.] 1868:943 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 3) (art 1); ref. 2686] Cox River, Philip County, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.13611. •Synonym of Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:555 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1103 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

luteus, Apogon Randall [J. E.] & Kulbicki [M.] 1998:36, Figs. 7-9 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 25 (nos 1-2); ref. 23411] Enewetak Island, north end, lagoon off marine pier, Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands, depth 2-3 meters. Holotype: BPBM 24617. Paratypes: AMS I.38489 (2); BPBM 7001 (1), 7996 (8), 17960 (3), 28188 (8); CAS 98075 (3); MNHN 1997-4171 (3); NSMT-P 54271 (2); USNM 347161 (3). •Valid as Apogon luteus Randall & Kulbicki 1998 -- (Myers 1999:126 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus luteus (Randall & Kulbicki 1998) -- (Schultz & Randall 2006:8 [ref. 28964], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:107 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus luteus (Randall & Kulbicki 1998). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Micronesia to Fiji. Habitat: marine.

luxuria, Nectamia Fraser [T. H.] 2008:26, Figs. 3E, 6B, 11, 18 [Zootaxa No. 1691; ref. 29471] Tandjung Liang, Ceram, Indonesia. Holotype: USNM 209644. Paratypes: BPBM 21896 (9); ROM 54318 (3); USNM 213159 (7), 213235 (7), 213342 (24), 344924 (15). Plus additional non-type material from many localities. Name is a noun in apposition. •Valid as Nectamia luxuria Fraser 2008 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:385 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:176 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Nectamia luxuria Fraser 2008. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldive Islands (Indian Ocean) east to central Pacific, north to Philippines, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

macassariensis, Apogonoides Bleeker [P.] 1849:71 [Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia (Singapore) v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 316] Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia. No types known. Senior synonym of Rhabdamia eremia Allen 1987, which is in prevailing usage and thus declared a nomen protectum, while Apogonoides macassariensis Bleeker 1849 is a nomen oblitum (Fraser & Bogorodsky 2019:579 [ref. 36628]). •Status uncertain, no types known -- (Fraser & Struhsaker 1991:719 [ref. 19768]). •In the synonymy of Cercamia eremia (Allen 1987) -- (Fraser & Bogorodsky 2019:579 [ref. 36628]). Current status: Synonym of Cercamia eremia (Allen 1987). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

macrocauda, Vincentia Allen [G. R.] 1987:7, Fig. 4 [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 13387] Cheyne Beach, Western Australia, 34°53'S, 118°25'E. Holotype: WAM P.26608-017. Paratypes: SAMA F3916 (1), F5471 (1); WAM P.28293-023 (1), P.28297-015 (2), P.28298-010 (1), P.28864-005 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:24 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:27 [ref. 30117]. AMS I.26315-001 (1) is not a paratype. Species spelled macreauda in Figure 4. •Valid as Vincentia macrocauda Allen 1987 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:559 [ref. 12442], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1111 [ref. 29004], Allen & Gomon 2008:560 [ref. 30653], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:21 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Vincentia macrocauda Allen 1987. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Albany (Western Australia) east to Gulf of Saint Vincent (South Australia). Habitat: marine.

macrodon, Centropomus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1802:252, 273 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, or Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9143 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:95 [ref. 12478]. Based on drawing in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). See also Gon 1993:33 [ref. 21133]. See Cheilodipterus lineatus Lacepède 1801 for discussion on synonymy and usage. •Synonym of Cheilodipterus lineatus Lacepède 1801 -- (Fricke 1999:232 [ref. 24106], Allen et al. 2006:1100 [ref. 29004], Fricke et al. 2009:51 [ref. 30213]). •Valid as Cheilodipterus macrodon (Lacepède 1802) -- (Dor 1984:117 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:144 [ref. 6441], Winterbottom et al. 1989:31 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:149 [ref. 15987], Gon 1993:30 [ref. 21133], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Kuiter 1993:162 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:x [ref. 21953], Randall 1995:163 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:259 [ref. 27969] in Chelidopterus, Allen 1997:100 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:152 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:55 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:136 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:149 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:131 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Randall 1999:14 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:753 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:217 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:753 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:32 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624] dated 1801, Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:186 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:199 [ref. 28239], Shibukawa 2009:109 [ref. 30449], Yoshida et al. 2010:50 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:111 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:376 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:43 [ref. 34429], Ranjith et al. 2015:55 [ref. 34723], Koeda et al. 2016:32 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:166 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:73 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:36 [ref. 37020] as Cheliodipterus m., Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus macrodon (Lacepède 1802). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island, Tonga and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmus, Apogonichthys Bleeker [P.] (ex Castelnau) 1860:455 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 14028] Singapore. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Based on a color painting in the Zoological Museum, University of Liège (see Russell et al. 2010:97 [ref. 30735]). •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •A forgotten name (nomen oblitum) in the synonymy of Ostorhinchus compressus (Smith & Radcliffe 1911) -- (Russell et al. 2010:97 [ref. 30735]) Current status: Synonym of Apogon compressus (Smith & Radcliffe 1911). Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

macropteroides, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1853:724 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 16829] Lepar Island, Bangka, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5608 (1 of 64, but mixed species). Original as macropteroïdes. The unique holotype was mixed with many specimens representing more than one species; Gon & Randall 2003:28 mention a lectotype, but on p. 30 they regard a 74-mm specimen as the holotype. •Synonym of Archamia fucata (Cantor 1849) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Gon & Randall 2003:28 [ref. 27133]). •Synonym of Taeniamia furcata (Cantor 1849). Current status: Synonym of Taeniamia fucata (Cantor 1849). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

macropterus, Apogon Cuvier [G.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:160 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-8752. Paralectotypes: RMNH 51 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:61 [ref. 12478]. Perhaps based on one specimen as concluded by Eschmeyer et al. 1998, but it can't be determined which one of 2 available specimens might be the type. Lectotype established by Gon & Randall 2003:39 [ref. 27133]. •Valid as Archamia macroptera (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:37 [ref. 27133], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:197 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:374 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Taeniamia macroptera (Cuvier 1828) -- (Fraser 2013:21 [ref. 32894], Fricke et al. 2014:79 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Suresh et al. 2018:273 [ref. 36495], Fricke et al. 2019:140 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:48 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Taeniamia macroptera (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: eastern India and Sri Lanka east to Samoa, north to Yaeyama Islands, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Monoprion Poey [F.] 1860:123 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 9745 (1), 9755 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:188 [ref. 22926] wrongly with a holotype and paratype. •Valid as Apogon maculatus (Poey 1860) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:151 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:367 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:141 [ref. 14674], Boschung 1992:126 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1993:16 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:225 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Collette et al. 2003:108 [ref. 26784], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:224 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2011:19 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:45 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:23 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon maculatus (Poey 1860). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic, including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

maculiferus, Apogon Garrett [A.] 1864:105 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 3; ref. 18276] Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): destroyed in 1906 fire. •Valid as Apogon maculiferus Garrett 1864 -- (Randall 1998:34 [ref. 23433], Mundy 2005:355 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus maculiferus (Garrett1864) -- (Randall 2007:215 [ref. 30952], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:126 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus maculiferus (Garrett 1864). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Northern-central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands (U. S. A.). Habitat: marine.

maculipinnis, Apogon Regan [C. T.] 1908:227, Pl. 27 (fig. 3) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Haddumati [Haddhunmathi Atoll], Maldives, Indian Ocean, depth 40 fathoms [73 meters]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1901.12.31.7. •Valid as Apogonichthyoides maculipinnis (Regan 1908) -- (Fraser & Allen 2011:68 [ref. 31605], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Psomadakis et al. 2015:206 [ref. 34104] as cf. maculipinnis [not maculipinnis], Fraser 2018:101 [ref. 36116], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:163 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides maculipinnis (Regan 1908). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Maldives. Habitat: marine.

maculosus, Apogon Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:493 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Sea of the Indies. No types known (based on a drawing). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:93 [ref. 12478]. •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

madagascariensis, Foa Petit [G.] 1931:91 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 16324] Sarodrano, Province of Tuléar, Madagascar, depth 5-6 meters. Syntypes: MNHN (2, not found). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:96 [ref. 12478]. •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Valid as Foa madagascariensis Petit 1931 -- (Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Fricke et al. 2018:167 [ref. 35805], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:11 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Foa madagascariensis Petit 1931. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

magnifica, Amia Seale [A.] 1910:507 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Balabac Island, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 5192 (apparently destroyed). Paratypes: (numerous) BSMP (apparently destroyed). •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426]). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

majimai, Siphamia Matsubara [K.] & Iwai [T.] 1958:603, Figs. [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 1 (no. 9); ref. 12086] Urasokari, Amami-oshima Island, Japan, about 28°07'N, 129°20'E. Holotype: FAKU 1746. Paratypes: BMNH 1959.1.6.1 [ex FAKU 1747] (1), FAKU 1747 (5). •Valid as Siphamia majimai Matsubara & Iwai 1958 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:144 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:64 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:557 [ref. 12442] as majimae, Randall et al. 1990:153 [ref. 15987], Hayashi et al. 1994:2 [ref. 24343], Allen 1997:100 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:153 [ref. 25919], Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:751 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:751 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830] as majimae, Yoshida et al. 2010:57 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:113 [ref. 31256], Gon & Allen 2012:52 [ref. 31960], Allen & Erdmann 2012:414 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:45 [ref. 34429], Motomura et al. 2015:22 [ref. 34709], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Koeda et al. 2016:6 [ref. 35354], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:147 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia majimai Matsubara & Iwai 1958. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

margaritophorus, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1855:363 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 3); ref. 16937] Batjan, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5576 (1 of 9, 3 in size range). •Valid as Apogon margaritophorus Bleeker 1855 -- (Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:63 [ref. 27510]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus margaritophorus (Bleeker 1855) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:397 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Yoshida in Kimura et al. 2015:40 [ref. 34319], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:124 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus margaritophorus (Bleeker 1855). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia and Indonesia east to Philippines and Papua New Guinea, south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

marginatus, Apogon Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:2 [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 48 (1. Abth.); ref. 4247] Not available, name mentioned in passing in synonymy of Apogon ellioti Day 1875; from Japan. •In the synonymy of Apogon truncatus Bleeker 1855 -- (Gon 1997:185 [ref. 23065] but dated to a different reference). •In the synonymy of Jaydia truncata (Bleeker 1855). Current status: Synonym of Jaydia truncata (Bleeker 1855). Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

marmoratus, Apogonichthys Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:268, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Cape Grenville, Queensland, Australia. Lectotype: AMS I.16311 [ex MAMU F421] (larger of 2). Paralectotypes: AMS I.16311-001 [ex MAMU F421] (1, smaller of 2). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:206 [ref. 19518]. Lectotype desigated and figured by Whitley 1959:14-15 [ref. 4730]. •Valid as Fowleria marmorata (Alleyne & Macleay 1877) -- (Dor 1984:118 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:144 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:554 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:151 [ref. 15987], Ho et al. 1993:8 [ref. 22789], Francis 1993:161 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:32 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:151 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:132 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:754 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:13 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:754 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:36 [ref. 26750], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495] dated 1876, Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:200 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1102 [ref. 29004], Gon & Bogorodsky 2010:35 [ref. 31049], Yoshida et al. 2010:53 [ref. 31255] as cf marmorata, Motomura et al. 2010:112 [ref. 31256] as cf marmorata, Allen & Erdmann 2012:380 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:71 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Fricke et al. 2018:168 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:74 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:132 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Fowleria marmorata (Alleyne & Macleay 1877). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Line Islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

marquesensis, Apogon Greenfield [D. W.] 2001:469, Fig. 2F [Copeia 2001 (no. 2); ref. 25234] South side of Vaeho Bay off entrance to large cave, Ua Pou, Marquesas Islands, depth 0-10 meters. Holotype: BPBM 11033. Paratypes: ANSP 177852 (1); BPBM 38694 (4), 10346 (6), 11706 (2); CAS 211155 (1); FMNH 108687 (1); USNM 364355 (1). •Valid as Apogon marquesensis Greenfield 2001 -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Randall 2005:194 [ref. 28239], Greenfield 2007:364 [ref. 29402], Yoshida et al. 2010:38 [ref. 31255], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:37 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon marquesensis Greenfield 2001. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southern-central Pacific: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

maximus, Apogon Boulenger [G. A.] 1888:655 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1887 (pt 4); ref. 14479] Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1887.11.11.66-67 (2), 1887.11.11.68 (1, dry skeleton). •Valid as Holapogon maximus (Boulenger 1888) -- (Fraser 1973:2 [ref. 1483], Randall 1995:165 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Said Koya et al. 2011:1 [ref. 31294], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Psomadakis et al. 2015:210 [ref. 34104], Mabuchi et al. 2015:39 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:5 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Holapogon maximus (Boulenger 1888). Apogonidae: Amioidinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Oman east to southwestern India. Habitat: marine.

melampodus, Apogonichthys Blosser [C. B.] 1909:296 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 1) (art. 5); ref. 14363] St. Croix Island, Virgin Islands, West Indies. Holotype (unique): FMNH 53049 [ex CM 1474]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:91 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:10 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Astrapogon stellatus (Cope 1867) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:46 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Synonym of Astrapogon stellatus (Cope 1867). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

melanogaster, Cercamia Allen [G. R.], Erdmann [M. V.] & Mahardini [A.] 2015:59, Figs. 1-3 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 14; ref. 33753] Sebakor, 3°17.034'S, 132°43.995"E, Fak Fak Peninsula, West Papua Province, Indonesia, depth 15 meters. Holotype: MZB 22706. Paratypes: MZB, WAM. •Valid as Cercamia melanogaster Allen, Erdmann & Mahardini 2015 -- (Fraser & Bogorodsky 2019:579 [ref. 36628], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:72 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Cercamia melanogaster Allen, Erdmann & Mahardini 2015. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: West Papua (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

melanogaster, Gymnapogon Gon [O.] & Golani [D.] 2002:347, Figs. 1, 2a, 2b [Ichthyological Research v. 49 (no. 4); ref. 26497] North Beach, Eilat, Israel‎ , Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, depth 0-1.5 meters. Holotype: HUJ 18632. Paratype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 64526 (1). Type catalog: Golani 2006:27 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Gymnapogon melanogaster Gon & Golani 2002 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Fraser 2016:431 [ref. 34421], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:75 [ref. 36273], Yoshida et al. 2019:1 [ref. 36901]). Current status: Valid as Gymnapogon melanogaster Gon & Golani 2002. Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic: Gulf of Aqaba. Habitat: marine.

melanoproctus, Apogon Fraser [T. H.] & Randall [J. E.] 1976:506, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 88 (no. 47); ref. 7334] Vertical reef with caves, south side of Tanavula Point, 9°02'44"S, 160°04'07"E, Florida Island, Solomon Islands, depth 18-37 meters. Holotype: BPBM 15474. Paratypes: AMS I.17888-001 (2); BPBM 15475 (2); CAS 30649 (2); RMNH 27057 (2); USNM 212132 (2), 212133 (1, c&s). •Valid as Apogon melanoproctus Fraser & Randall 1976 -- (Myers 1999:126 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus melanoproctus (Fraser & Randall 1976) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:397 [ref. 31980], Fraser 2012:82 [ref. 32177], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Fricke et al. 2019:135 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:101 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus melanoproctus (Fraser & Randall 1976). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Palau and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Philippines, south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

melanopterus, Apogonichthys Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1930:17 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 10; ref. 1477] Philippines. Holotype (unique): ANSP 47491. Replacement name for Amia melas Fowler 1918, preoccupied by Apogon melas Bleeker 1848 in Apogon. •Status uncertain in Ostorhinchus -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426]). Current status: Uncertain as Ostorhinchus melanopterus (Fowler & Bean 1930). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

melanopus, Apogon Weber [M.] 1911:28, Fig. 4 [Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Frankfurt-a.-M. v. 34 (no. 1); ref. 14827] Sungi Barkai at Wardakau, Aru Island, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): SMF 12131. •Valid as Apogon melanopus Weber 1911 -- (Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:356 [ref. 23967], Fraser 2000:253 [ref. 24412], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1091 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Jaydia melanopus (Weber 1911) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:382 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:111 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:166 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia melanopus (Weber 1911). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia, Western Australia and Northern Territory (Australia). Habitat: marine.

melanorhynchos, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1852:255 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 16825] Wahai, northern Ceram, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3) RMNH 5591 (possibly 3 of 12). Original as melanorhijnchos. Fraser & Lachner 1985:25 [ref. 4215] found that RMNH 5591 contained 6 different species, none agreeing with the figure presented in Bleeker's Atlas (which is Apogon fraenatus Valenciennes 1832). •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Current status: Synonym of Apogon. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

melanotaenia, Apogon Regan [C. T.] 1905:320, Pl. 3(C) (fig. 4) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 16; ref. 15386] Karachi, Pakistan. Lectotype: BMNH 1898.6.29.18. Paralectotypes: (8) BMNH 1864.11.15.69-71 (3) Zanzibar, 1865.2.27.12-13 (2) Zanzibar, 1865.2.27.22 (1) Zanzibar. •Synonym of Apogon cookii Macleay 1881 -- (Randall & Lachner 1986:115 [ref. 9722]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus cookii (Macleay 1881) based on generic placement of cookii. Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus cookii (Macleay 1881). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

melanurus, Apogon Bleeker [P.] (ex Castelnau) 1860:454 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 14028] Singapore. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Based on a color painting in the Zoological Museum, University of Liège (see Russell et al. 2010:95 [ref. 30735]). •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Status uncertain, possible a poor representation of Cheilodipterus. macrodon (Lacepède 1802) -- (Russell et al. 2010:95 [ref. 30735]). Current status: Uncertain as Cheilodipterus macrodon (Lacepède 1802). Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

melas, Amia Fowler [H. W.] 1918:17, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 70; ref. 1396] Philippines. Holotype (unique): ANSP 47491. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Apogon melas Bleeker 1848 in Amia; replaced by Apogonichthys melanopterus Fowler & Bean 1930. •Synonym of Apogon melanopterus (Fowler & Bean 1930) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Valid as Apogon melas (Fowler 1918) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830]). Current status: Synonym of Apogon melanopterus (Fowler & Bean 1930). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

melas, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1848:635 [Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia (Singapore) v. 2 (no. 9); ref. 315] Bima, Sumbawa Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 5606 (some of 19, 17 within size range). Bleeker specimens: 1880,4,21.75-77 (3). Also in Bleeker 1849:29 [ref. 318]. •Valid as Apogon melas Bleeker 1848 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:147 [ref. 6441], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:148 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:129 [ref. 23965], Fraser 2000:254 [ref. 24412], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:774 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:774 [ref. 26001], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:64 [ref. 27510], Allen et al. 2006:1091 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides melas (Bleeker 1848) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:370 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:69 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426] with question, Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:158 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides melas (Bleeker 1848). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Cocos-Keeling Islands east to Philippines, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia asnd New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

melasma, Archamia Lachner [E. A.] & Taylor [W. R.] 1960:29, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 73; ref. 10033] Yirrkala, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.4473. Paratypes: AMS IA.1499 (1), USNM 173794 (6). Additional material: AMS IA.2334 (2). •Synonym of Archamia biguttata Lachner 1951 -- (Randall & Satapoomin 1999:1 [ref. 24151], Gon & Randall 2003:13 [ref. 27133], Allen et al. 2006:1098 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Archamia melasma Lachner & Taylor 1960 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:149 [ref. 15987], Chen & Shao 1993:783 [ref. 21016], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:357 [ref. 23967], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen & Erdmann 2012:374 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Taeniamia melasma (Lachner & Taylor 1960) -- (Fraser 2013:22 [ref. 32894], Fricke et al. 2014:79 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:46 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Taeniamia melasma (Lachner & Taylor 1960). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Papua New Guinea, north to Philippines, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

menesemops, Apogon Lachner [E. A.] 1953:455, Fig. 78 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202 (v. 1); ref. 17482] Enyu Island, Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands. Holotype: USNM 142232. Paratypes: USNM 142283-84 (2, 2). •Synonym of Apogon taeniopterus Bennett 1836 -- (Fraser & Lachner 1985:29 [ref. 5215], Randall 1998:35 [ref. 23433]). •Synonym of Pristiapogon taeniopterus (Bennett 1836). Current status: Synonym of Pristiapogon taeniopterus (Bennett 1836). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

menesemus, Apogon Jenkins [O. P.] 1903:448, Fig. 19 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2341] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50700. Paratypes: (16) CAS-SU 7831 (5), 23299 (6). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:72 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Apogon menesemus Jenkins 1903 -- (Fraser & Lachner 1985:28 [ref. 5215], Myers 1999:129 [ref. 23965]). •Mention, in genus Pristiapogon -- (Randall 2005:211 [ref. 28239]). •Synonym of Apogon taeniopterus Bennett 1836 -- (Randall 1998:35 [ref. 23433], Mundy 2005:356 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:216 [ref. 30952]). •Uncertain as Pristiapogon menesemus (Jenkins 1903) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426]). •Valid as Pristiapogon menesemus (Jenkins 1903) -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:134 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pristiapogon menesemus (Jenkins 1903). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Northern-central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands (U. S. A.) endemic. Habitat: marine.

mentalis, Apogonichthys Evermann [B. W.] & Seale [A.] 1907:74, Fig. 10 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 26 (Doc. 607) (for 1906); ref. 1285] Bacon, Sorsogon, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 55905. Paratypes: CAS-SU 20002 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:72 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Rhabdamia mentalis (Evermann & Seale 1907) -- (Yoshida & Motomura 2018:178 [ref. 35776]). •Synonym of Rhabdamia gracilis (Bleeker 1856) -- (Yoshida et al. 2018:[6] [ref. 36254]). Current status: Synonym of Rhabdamia gracilis (Bleeker 1856). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

micromaculatus, Ostorhynchus Kotthaus [A.] 1970:70, Fig. 254 [Meteor Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie No. 6; ref. 21596] Southern Red Sea, north of Perim, Yemen, 12°52'N, 43°19.8'E to 12°47.5'N, 43°21'E, depth 37 meters. Holotype: ZMH 5050. Paratypes: ZMH 5051 (10, now 9), 5052-53 (4, 3). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:417 [ref. 21161]. •Valid as Apogon micromaculatus (Kotthaus 1970) -- (Dor 1984:113 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356], Mee 1996:106 [ref. 22471]). •Synonym of Apogon spilurus Regan 1905 -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Gon & Randall 2003:25 [ref. 26750]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus spilurus (Regan 1905) -- (Golani & Fricke 2018:77 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus spilurus (Regan 1905). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

microspilos, Apogon Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 2002:119, Fig. 3 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 26188] Lombok, Indonesia, depth 21.5 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6165. Paratypes: BPBM 30149 (1). •Valid as Apogon microspilos Allen & Randall 2002 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus microspilos (Allen & Randall 2002 as microspilus, Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:85 [ref. 36965] as microspilus). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus microspilos (Allen & Randall 2002). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Lombok (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

miniatus, Apogonichthyoides Fraser [T. H.] 2010:94, Figs. 1-4 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 16 (no. 3); ref. 30909] 10.5 kilometers north-northeast of Cartier Island, Timor Sea, 12°26'42"S to 123°36'03"E to 12°26'58"S, 123°36'35"E, depth 95 meters. Holotype: NMV A29729-003. Paratypes: BPBM 41014 (1); CAS 229329 (1); CSRIO H 6597-04 (1), 6597-05 (11); NMV A29729-039 (8), A29729-054 (1, c&s); NTM S.16659-001 (1); USNM 398149 (1); WAM P.33240-001 (1). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides miniatus Fraser 2010 -- (Fraser 2010:94 [ref. 30909], Fraser & Allen 2011:68 [ref. 31605], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:158 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides miniatus Fraser 2010. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Timor Sea (off northern Western Australia). Habitat: marine.

mirifica, Quinca Mees [G. F.] 1966:83, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia v. 49 (pt 3); ref. 2968] Cockatoo Island, Yampi Sound, Kimberley Division, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): WAM P.5787-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:24 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:26 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pterapogon mirifica (Mees 1966) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:64 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:556 [ref. 12442], Allen 1997:100 [ref. 23977], Allen 1999:2609 [ref. 24812], Allen et al. 2006:1107 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Quinca mirifica Mees 1966 -- (Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Vagelli 2014:1 [ref. 33144], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:180 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Quinca mirifica Mees 1966. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: northern Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

modestus, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1854:315 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 16935] Anjer, western Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5579. •Synonym of Apogon novaeguineae Valenciennes 1832 -- (Gon 1997:170 [ref. 23065] as novaguinae). •Synonym of Jaydia novaeguineae (Valenciennes 1832). Current status: Synonym of Jaydia novaeguineae (Valenciennes 1832). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

moluccensis, Apogon Valenciennes [A.] 1832:54 [Nouvelles Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris) v. 1; ref. 17863] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype: MNHN 0000-8707 (poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:61 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Apogon moluccensis Valenciennes 1832 -- (Fraser & Randall 1986:644 [ref. 8091], Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:549 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:144 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:157 [ref. 23929], Hayashi & Yano 1996:47 [ref. 24614], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:144 [ref. 25919], Fraser 2000:254 [ref. 24412], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Fraser et al. 2002:176 [ref. 26401], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa 2009:107 [ref. 30449], Yoshida et al. 2010:39 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:108 [ref. 31256]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus moluccensis (Valenciensis 1832) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:398 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:75 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2019:135 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:125 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus moluccensis (Valenciennes 1832). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Islands and Indonesia east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Taiwan, south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

monochrous, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1856:34 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 1 (6); ref. 352] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 5567 (65.0 mm SL). Paralectotypes: (11) RMNH 34751 [ex RMNH 5567] (7); SMNS orig. 760av (1, not found). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:7 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:12 [ref. 29864] Lectotypes designated by Fraser et al. 2002:182 [ref. 26401]. •Valid as Apogon monochrous Bleeker 1856 -- (Fraser & Randall 1986:644 [ref. 8091], see Fraser 1999:43 [ref. 23767], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122]). •Synonym of Apogon moluccensis Valenciennes 1832 -- (Fraser et al. 2002:176 [ref. 26401]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus moluccensis (Valenciennes 1832). Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus moluccensis (Valenciennes 1832). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

monogramma, Apogon Günther [A.] 1880:38, Pl. 16 (fig. B) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Arafura Sea, Challenger stations 188-190, depth about 25-49 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1879.5.14.177 (3), NMI block reg. no. 114.1899 (1). Type catalog: Wheeler & O'Riordan 1969:96-97 [ref. 20752]. •Synonym of Apogon fasciatus (Shaw 1790) -- (Fraser 2005:10 [ref. 28138], Allen et al. 2006:1087 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus fasciatus (Shaw 1790) based on generic placement of fasciatus. Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus fasciatus (Shaw 1790). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

monospilus, Apogon Fraser [T. H.], Randall [J. E.] & Allen [G. R.] 2002:182, Fig 1A-C [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 50 (no. 1); ref. 26401] Dumaguete City, Negros Oriental, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 357485. Paratypes: BPBM 28538 (5), CAS-SU 69804 (1), USNM 169368 (4). Plus non-type material. Treated as a noun in apposition. •Valid as Apogon monospilus Fraser, Randall & Allen 2002 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1091 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus monospilus (Fraser, Randall & Allen 2002) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:398 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:125 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus monospilus (Fraser, Randall & Allen 2002). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

mosavi, Apogon Dale [G.] 1977:20, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 90 (no. 1); ref. 7242] Dropoff at Hawks-nest Creek, 1/2 mile from shore, Cat Island, Bahamas, depth 85-105 feet. Holotype: AMNH 35782. Paratypes: AMNH 34481 (orig. 126, now 105), ANSP 137482 [ex AMNH] (5), UF 232962 [ex UMML 32962, ex AMNH] (5), USNM 216595 [ex AMNH] (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon mosavi Dale 1977 -- (Gilbert & Tyler 1997:773 [ref. 22974], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27621], Baldwin et al. 2011:27 [ref. 31688], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:30 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon mosavi Dale 1977. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Altantic. Habitat: marine.

mossambica, Siphamia Smith [J. L. B.] 1955:63, Pl. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 8 (no. 85) (art. 7); ref. 12473] Bazaruto, 21°30'S, 35°31'E, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 345. Non-types: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 785 (1) not definitely included. •Valid as Siphamia mossambica Smith 1955 -- (Gon 1986:557 [ref. 5657], Fricke 1999:236 [ref. 24106], Fricke et al. 2009:53 [ref. 30213], Gon & Allen 2012:54 [ref. 31960], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Fricke et al. 2018:174 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:11 [ref. 36883], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:148 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia mossambica Smith 1955. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South Africa, East Africa and Oman to Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar, Réunion and Mauritius (western Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

mozambiquensis, Archamia Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:380, Pl. 46 (fig. A) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 22; ref. 4128] Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly SAIAB [formerly RUSI]] 349. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 770-771, 773 (2, 1, 7), 1062 (1, c&s). •Valid as Archamia mozambiquensis Smith 1961 -- (Gon 1986:554 [ref. 5657], Chen & Shao 1993:783 [ref. 21016], Gon & Randall 1995:549 [ref. 22803], Randall & Satapoomin 1999:1 [ref. 24151], Gon & Randall 2003:40 [ref. 27133], Gon et al. 2013:591 [ref. 32421]). •Valid as Taeniamia mozombiquensis (Smith 1961) -- (Fraser 2013:22 [ref. 32894], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:45 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Taeniamia mozambiquensis (Smith 1961). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and East Africa north to Zanzibar. Habitat: marine.

multilineata, Amia Bleeker [P.] 1874:29 [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 3) v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 5120] Ceram Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 5602 (11). Appeared first without description in 1865:188 [ref. 414] and with confusion as "Apogon multilineatus CV" was in error. Corrected and described as above. •Valid as Apogon multilineatus (Bleeker 1874) -- (Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830] dated to 1865, Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:64 [ref. 27510]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus multilineatus (Bleeker 1874) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:399 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:75 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Fricke et al. 2019:135 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:121 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus multilineatus (Bleeker 1874). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Sumatra (Indonesia) east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Philippines, south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

multitaeniatus, Apogon Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:159 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Red Sea. Holotype: MNHN (apparently lost). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:94 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Apogon multitaeniatus Cuvier 1828 -- (Dor 1984:111 [ref. 29757], Gon 1986:551 [ref. 5657], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], Gon 1995:12 [ref. 21822], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:x [ref. 21953], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Gon & Randall 2003:19 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Lepidamia multitaeniatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871]). •Valid as Lepidamia multitaeniata (Cuvier 1828) -- (Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:75 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:80 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Lepidamia multitaeniata (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Socotra. Habitat: marine.

mydrus, Mionorus Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:778, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 28 (no. 1407); ref. 2495] Negros Oriental Province, Baia, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 51946. •Valid as Apogon mydrus (Jordan & Seale 1905) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Valid as Ostorhinchus mydrus (Jordan & Seale 1905) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426] with question). Current status: Uncertain as Ostorhinchus mydrus (Jordan & Seale 1905). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific (if valid). Habitat: marine.

nafae, Apogonichthys Snyder [J. O.] 1909:599 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 36 (no. 1688); ref. 4151] Naha, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): USNM 62947. •Synonym of Fowleria variegata (Valenciennes 1832) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Current status: Synonym of Fowleria variegata (Valenciennes 1832). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

nanus, Apogon Allen [G. R.], Kuiter [R. H.] & Randall [J. E.] 1994:29, Figs. 2-3 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 21 (nos 1-2); ref. 21602] 300 meters southwest of Flores Sao Wisata Resort, Maumere, Flores, Indonesia, about 8°39'S, 122°19'E. Holotype: NCIP 6109. Paratypes: AMS I.34554-001 (10); BPBM 34112 (5), 34134 (22); NCIP 6110-16 (7); USNM 328635 (10); WAM P.30372-002 (34), 30402-002 (85). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon nanus Allen, Kuiter & Randall 1994 -- (Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977], Fraser 1998:990 [ref. 23602], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus nanus (Allen, Kuiter & Randall 1994) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:399 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:75 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Fricke et al. 2019:136 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:99 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus nanus (Allen, Kuiter & Randall 1994). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia and Indonesia east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Philippines, south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

narindica, Glossamia Roberts [T. R.] 1978:57, Fig. 31b [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 281; ref. 8886] Middle Fly River, Papua New Guinea, 7°22.6'S, 141°29.0'E. Holotype: AMS I.21479-002 [ex USNM 217209]. Paratypes: AMS I.21480-001 (1), BMNH 1980.4.30.4 (1), KFRS F.4514.01 (2), USNM 217210 (orig. 9, now 5). •Valid as Glossamia narindica Roberts 1978 -- (Allen 1991:133 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2008:130 [ref. 30265], Hadiaty & Allen 2011:179 [ref. 31448], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:68 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Glossamia narindica Roberts 1978. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southern-central Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

natalensis, Apogon Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:149 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2); ref. 14320] KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAM 9958 [or 9858, 9958 on bottle label]. •Synonym of Apogon multitaeniatus Cuvier 1828 -- (Gon 1986:551 [ref. 5657]). •Valid as Apogon natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson 1908 -- (Gon 1995:13 [ref. 21822], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:x [ref. 21953], Randall 1995:158 [ref. 22896]). •Valid as Lepidamia natalensis (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Psomadakis et al. 2015:209 [ref. 34104], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:80 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Lepidamia natalensis (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa). Habitat: marine.

nebulosus, Apogonichthys Ogilby [J. D.] 1908:15 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 21; ref. 3286] Edward Street Baths, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.1584 [ex AFAQ]. •Synonym of Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842) -- (Allen et al. 2006:1103 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

nematacantha, Amia Ogilby [J. D.] 1913:85, Pl. 22 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 2; ref. 14966] Erub [= Darnley] Island, Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: QM I.1273. Paratypes: QM I.1270-72 (3), I.1274 (1, not found), I.1275 (1). •Synonym of Apogon leptacanthus Bleeker 1856 -- (Fraser & Lachner 1985:34 [ref. 5215], Allen et al. 2006:1090 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Zoramia leptacanthus (Bleeker 1856). Current status: Synonym of Zoramia leptacanthus (Bleeker 1856). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

nematopterus, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1856:35 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 1 (6); ref. 352] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3) RMNH 5573 (largest of 2). •Valid as Sphaeramia nematoptera (Bleeker 1856) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:149 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:558 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:153 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:150 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:153 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:133 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2610 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:752 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:219 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:102 [ref. 25868], Nakabo 2002:752 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:70 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:15 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:214 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1109 [ref. 29004], Allen & Erdmann 2012:416 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:78 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2019:139 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:181 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Sphaeramia nematoptera (Bleeker 1856). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Caroline Islands and Fiji, north to Yaeyama Islands, south to northern Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

neotes, Apogon Allen [G. R.], Kuiter [R. H.] & Randall [J. E.] 1994:31, Fig. 4 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 21 (nos 1-2); ref. 21602] Pasar Sari Reef, outer Maumere Bay, Flores, Indonesia, about 8°23'S, 122°13'E, depth 20 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6117. Paratypes: AMS I.34553-001 (5), BPBM 31348 (10), USNM 328636 (5), WAM P.30354-001 (17). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon neotes Allen, Kuiter & Randall 1994 -- (Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:146 [ref. 25488] as neotus, Fraser 1998:989 [ref. 23602], Myers 1999:125 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Allen et al. 2006:1091 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus neotes (Allen, Kuiter & Randall 1994) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:399 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:75 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2019:136 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:100 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus neotes (Allen, Kuiter & Randall 1994). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Palau and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Philippines, south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

niger, Apogon Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:2 [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 48 (1. Abth.); ref. 4247] Japan. Lectotype: ZMB 35052. Paralectotypes: ZMB 35053-54 (2). Non-types: BMNH 1891.5.26.6 (1), ZMB 12059 (1). Not available as above, name mentioned in synonymy of Apogon nigripinnis Cuvier 1828; from Tokyo Bay, Japan. Apparently subsequent use (not located) makes the name available. Type information (ZMB 12059) from Amaoka & Fujii 1999:161 [ref. 26515]. Lectotype selected by Gon 2000:7 [ref. 26650]. •Valid as Apogon niger Döderlein 1883 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:146 [ref. 6441], Lee & Kim 1996:64 [ref. 24706], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:258 [ref. 27969], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:773 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:90 [ref. 25480] with authorship as Jordan & Snyder 1901, Gon 2000:3 [ref. 26650], Nakabo 2002:773 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:320, 598 [ref. 26218], Prokofiev 2006:5 [ref. 28960]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides niger (Döderlein 1883) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:44 [ref. 30717], Fraser & Allen 2011:68 [ref. 31605], Yoshida et al. 2013:109 [ref. 34464], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Yu et al. 2016:3 [ref. 34816], Motomura et al. 2017:97 [ref. 35490], Yoshida in Kimura et al. 2018:113 [ref. 36460], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:156 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides niger (Döderlein 1883). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: northern Vietnam east to Philipines, north to Japan Habitat: marine.

nigra, Pseudamia Allen [G. R.] 1992:697, Fig. 1 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 15 (pt 4); ref. 21073] King George River Gorge, about 500 meters downstream from King George Falls, East Kimberley District, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.30300-001. Paratypes: NTM X.10006-028 (3), S.17018-059 (22), S.11124-003 (19), S.12870-001 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:26 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pseudamia nigra Allen 1992 -- (Randall & Ida 1993:11 [ref. 20715], Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:357 [ref. 23967], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812] as niger, Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1106 [ref. 29004], Larson et al. 2013:111 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426]). Current status: Valid as Pseudamia nigra Allen 1992. Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

nigra, Siphamia Fourmanoir [P.] & Crosnier [A.] 1964:7, Fig. 4 [Cahiers O. R. S. T. O. M. (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer) Série Océanographie No. 6 (1963); ref. 5568] Small pools in Ambatoloaka, Nosy Be [Nossi-Bé], Madagascar. Syntypes: MNHN 1973-0043 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:66 [ref. 12478], Fricke et al. 2018:174 [ref. 35805]. •Synonym of Siphamia mossambica Smith 1955 -- (Gon & Allen 2012:54 [ref. 31960], Fricke et al. 2018:174 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Siphamia mossambica Smith 1955. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

nigricans, Apogon Day [F.] 1875:58, Pl. 16 (fig. 3) [The fishes of India Part 1; ref. 1080] Madras, India. Syntypes: ZSI 1870-71 (1, 1), 1872 (1, figured). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762]. •Related to, if not the same as Apogon melas Bleeker 1848 -- (Fraser 2000:254 [ref. 24412]). •Status uncertain in Ostorhinchus. Current status: Uncertain as Ostorhinchus nigricans (Day 1875). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

nigrimentum, Bentuviaichthys Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:412, Pl. 50 (figs. E & E') [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 22; ref. 4128] Off Eritrea, Red Sea, depth 25 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 359. Paratypes: (2) not researched. •Valid as Rhabdamia nigrimentum (Smith 1961) -- (Dor 1984:118 [ref. 29757], Allen 1987:6 [ref. 13387], Goren & Dor 1994:32 [ref. 25356], Gon & Randall 2003:39 [ref. 26750], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Yoshida & Motomura 2018:178 [ref. 35776], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:78 [ref. 36273], Yoshida et al. 2018:[6] [ref. 36254], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:139 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Rhabdamia nigrimentum (Smith 1961). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

nigripes, Amia Ogilby [J. D.] 1911:49, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Annals of the Queensland Museum No. 10; ref. 3290] Sandgate, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM (ex AFAQ 1221, apparently lost). Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Apogon nigripes Playfair 1867. Replaced by Amia atripes Ogilby 1916. •Synonym of Apogon atripes (Ogilby 1916) -- (T. Fraser pers. com. 9/2000). •Synonym of Apogon nigripinnis Cuvier 1828 -- (Gon 2000:7 [ref. 26650], Allen et al. 2006:1092 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Apogonichthyoides nigripinnis (Cuvier 1828) based on generic placement of nigripinnis. Current status: Synonym of Apogonichthyoides nigripinnis (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

nigripes, Apogon Playfair [R. L.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:19, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.3.7.518-520 (3), 1864.11.15.72-74 (3), 1865.2.2.23 (1), 1867.3.7.18-20 (3). •Valid as Apogon nigripes Playfair 1867 -- (Gon 1986:551 [ref. 5657]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus nigripes (Playfair 1867) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:128 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus nigripes (Playfair 1867). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Kenya south to Mozambique (East Africa). Habitat: marine.

nigripinnis, Apogon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:152 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Java, Indonesia; Puducherry, India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8694 (1) Puducherry. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:61 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Apogonichthys nigripinnis (Cuvier 1828) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:190 [ref. 19754]). •Valid as Apogon nigripinnis Cuvier 1828 -- (Tortonese 1973:365 [ref. 7192], Dor 1984:113 [ref. 29757], Gon 1986:551 [ref. 5657], Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:549 [ref. 12442], Coad 1991:26 [ref. 15702], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:158 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:151 [ref. 23922], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Fraser 2000:258 [ref. 24412], Gon 2000:7 [ref. 26650], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:80 [ref. 26753] dated 1838, Mishra & Krishnan 2003:28 [ref. 27712], Golani 2005:38 [ref. 37112], Allen et al. 2006:1092 [ref. 29004], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:68 [ref. 35264]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides nigripinnis (Cuvier 1828) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:44 [ref. 30717], Fraser & Allen 2011:68 [ref. 31605], Larson et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Ali et al. 2018:320 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:165 [ref. 35805], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:164 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides nigripinnis (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: East Africa, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Arafura Sea and northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

nigrocincta, Amia Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:435, Pl. 37 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1868); ref. 3576] Vicinity of Jolo, 6°05'50"N, 121°01'15"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5143, depth 19 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 70247. Paratypes: USNM 122267 (2). •Valid as Apogon nigrocinctus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen 2001:147 [ref. 25670], Yoshida et al. 2013:106 [ref. 34464]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus nigrocinctus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:87 [ref. 36965]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus nigrocincta (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:400 [ref. 31980], Motomura et al. 2017:100 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus nigrocincta (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

nigrofasciatus, Apogon Lachner [E. A.] 1953:466, Fig. 81; Pl. 37 C, D [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202 (v. 1); ref. 17482] Yuro Island, Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 142230. Paratypes: USNM 51813 (5), 109397 (1), 112102-03 (1, 6), 142285-97 (9, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 19, 7, 2, 5, 7, 6), 142298-309 (8, 2, 3, 7, 3, 2, 13, 4, 6, 3, 12, 10); FMNH 62604-05 (1, 2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:10 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Apogon nigrofasciatus Lachner 1953 -- (Randall & Lachner 1986:112 [ref. 9722], Paxton et al. 1989:549 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:144 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Kuiter 1993:158 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:144 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:144 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:128 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:214 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Nakabo 2000:771 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:771 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Fraser & Randall 2003:5 [ref. 26789], Gon & Randall 2003:19 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:64 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:183 [ref. 28072], Allen et al. 2006:1092 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:40 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:108 [ref. 31256], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:67 [ref. 35264]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus nigrofasciatus (Lachner 1953) -- (Randall 2005:207 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:400 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:75 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Koeda et al. 2016:33 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:172 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:77 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:136 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:119 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus nigrofasciatus (Lachner 1953). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Marshall Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), Elizabeth Reef, New Caledonia, Tonga and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

nigromaculatus, Apogon Hombron [J. B.] & Jacquinot [H.] in Jacquinot & Guichenot 1853:32, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Voyage au Pôle Sud et dans l'Oceanie v. 3 (pt 2); ref. 18307] New Guinea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8689. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:61 [ref. 12478]. Originally as nigro-maculatus. •Synonym of Sphaeramia orbicularis (Cuvier 1828) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Current status: Synonym of Sphaeramia orbicularis (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

nigrotaeniatus, Cheilodipterus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:442, Pl. 37 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1868); ref. 3576] Coral reefs on northeastern shore of Sacol Island, east of Zamboanga, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 70252. Paratypes: (3). •Valid as Cheilodipterus nigrotaeniatus Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Gon 1993:34 [ref. 21133], Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:138 [ref. 25488], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:377 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:65 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus nigrotaeniatus Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: central Indonesia to Philippines. Habitat: marine.

nitidus, Ostorhynchus Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:403, Pl. 48 (fig. J) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 22; ref. 4128] Inhaca, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 344. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 3160 (2). •Valid as Apogon nitidus (Smith 1961) -- (Gon 1986:552 [ref. 5657], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122]). •Synonym of Apogon holotaenia Regan 1905 -- (Sadovy & Cornish 2000:98 [ref. 25480]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus holotaenia (Regan 1905). Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus holotaenia (Regan 1905). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

nivosa, Foa Fraser [T. H.] & Randall [J. E.] 2011:20, Figs. 9, 11-15 [Zootaxa No. 2988; ref. 31459] Majuro Atoll,, lagoon off Uliga, 7°06'27.4"N, 171°22'07"E, depth 29 meters. Holotype: BPBM 39658. Paratypes: BPBM 28761 (2), 39703 (1), 40434 (1), 41055 (4); CAS 83093 (1); ROM 77135 (5); USNM 245649 (2). •Valid as Foa nivosa Fraser & Randall 2011 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:10 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Foa nivosa Fraser & Randall 2011. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Palau, Marshall Islands and Fiji. Habitat: marine.

noordzieki, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1859:336 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 19; ref. 368] Patjitan, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5601. •Synonym of Apogon kalosoma Bleeker 1852 -- (Gon 1995:8 [ref. 21822]). •Synonym of Lepidamia kalosoma (Bleeker 1852). Current status: Synonym of Lepidamia kalosoma (Bleeker 1852). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

norfolcensis, Apogon Ogilby [J. D.] 1888:990 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 2 (pt 4); ref. 14484] Norfolk Island. Syntypes: AMS I.1398-99 (1, 1). •Valid as Apogon norfolcensis Ogilby 1888 -- (Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Allen et al. 2006:1092 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus norfolcensis (Ogilby 1888) -- (Randall 2005:207 [ref. 28239], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:87 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus norfolcensis (Ogilby 1888). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island (Australia), southern New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

notata, Apogon Day [F.] 1868:936 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 3) (art. 7); ref. 21114] Madras, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: BMNH 1867.11.6.2-4 (3), 1975.9.30.16 (1); ZSI 1899 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Synonym of Archamia fucata (Cantor 1849) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Synonym of Archamia bleekeri (Günther 1859) -- (Gon & Randall 2003:19 [ref. 27133], Fraser 2013:6 [ref. 32894]). Current status: Synonym of Archamia bleekeri (Günther 1859). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

notatus, Sparus Houttuyn [M.] 1782:320 [Verhandelingen der Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen, Haarlem v. 20 (pt 2); ref. 2220] Japan. No types known. See Boeseman 1995:6 [ref. 21811]. •Valid as Apogon notatus (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:147 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:549 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:144 [ref. 15987], Lee & Kim 1996:63 [ref. 24706], Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:144 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:128 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:775 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2000:178 [ref. 25987], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:775 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:320, 598 [ref. 26218], Yoshida et al. 2010:41 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:108 [ref. 31256]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus notatus (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], , Fricke et al. 2019:136 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:97 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus notatus (Houttuyn 1782). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: eastern Indonesia east to Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

notula, Neamia Fraser [T. H.] & Allen [G. R.] 2001:160, Fig. 1a [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 20 (pt 2); ref. 25214] Baie de la Petite Riviere, off Albion Fisheries Research Centre, Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 24 meters. Holotype: USNM 347045. Paratypes: USNM 347044 (1), 349188 (1). •Valid as Neamia notula Fraser & Allen 2001 -- (Randall 2005:201 [ref. 28239], Fraser & Allen 2006:4 [ref. 28906], Fraser 2010:153 [ref. 30912], Allen & Erdmann 2012:384 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:17 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Neamia notula Fraser & Allen 2001. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Mauritius east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to Bali (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

noumeae, Apogon Whitley [G. P.] 1958:33 [Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales v. for 1956-57; ref. 4728] Nouméa, New Caledonia. Holotype (unique): AMS IB.3844. •Valid as Apogon noumeae Whitley 1958 -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Valid as Ostorhinchus noumeae (Whitley 1958) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus noumeae (Whitley 1958). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

novaeguineae, Apogon Valenciennes [A.] 1832:53, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Nouvelles Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris) v. 1; ref. 17863] New Guinea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8695. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:61 [ref. 12478]. Originally as Novae Guineae. •Valid as Apogon novaeguineae Valenciennes 1832 -- (Gon 1997:170 [ref. 23065] as novaeguinae, Gon & Allen 1998:6 [ref. 24416], Fraser 2000:254 [ref. 24412], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Jaydia novaeguineae (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:418 [ref. 33460], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:239 [ref. 34742], Yu et al. 2016:3 [ref. 34816], Fricke et al. 2018:169 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:75 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:169 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia novaeguineae (Valenciennes 1832). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines and New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

novaehollandiae, Apogon Valenciennes [A.] 1832:55, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Nouvelles Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris) v. 1; ref. 17863] Australia (probably New South Wales). Syntypes: BMNH 1861.3.8.3 (1), MNHN 0000-1436 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:61 [ref. 12478]. Originally as Novae Hollandiae, correction mandatory. •Valid as Vincentia novaehollandiae (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:559 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:154 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:568 [ref. 22532], Allen et al. 2006:1111 [ref. 29004], Allen & Gomon 2008:559 [ref. 30653], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:21 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Vincentia novaehollandiae (Valenciennes 1832). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southern Queensland south to central New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: marine.

novaluna, Rhabdamia Yoshida [T.], Mabuchi [K.] & Motomura [H.] 2018:[2], Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Research v. 66 (no. 1); ref. 36254] Tokashiku Bay, Tokashiki-jima island, Kerama Islands, Okinawa, Japan, depth 5-7 meters. Holotype: KPM-NI 18695. Paratypes: AMS, BPBM, CAS, KAUM-I, KPM, URB, WAM. •Valid as Rhabdamia novaluna Yoshida, Mabuchi & Motomura 2018 -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:139 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Rhabdamia novaluna Yoshida, Mabuchi & Motomura 2018. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan, Marshall Islands, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Australia and Fiji. Habitat: marine.

novemfasciatus, Apogon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:154 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Timor; Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Syntypes: ?AMS I.7382 (1) Samoa; MNHN 0000-0853 (1) Guam, 0000-5646 (1) Timor; SMF 1264 [ex MNHN in 1830] (1) Timor. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:62 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Apogon novemfasciatus Cuvier 1828 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:147 [ref. 6441], Randall & Lachner 1986:110 [ref. 9722], Paxton et al. 1989:549 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:145 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:281 [ref. 24014], Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:144 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:145 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:128 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:771 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:214 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:771 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Fraser & Randall 2003:5 [ref. 26789], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:28 [ref. 27712], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624] Allen et al. 2006:1092 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:41 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:109 [ref. 31256]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus novemfasciatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Randall 2005:208 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:400 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:75 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Koeda et al. 2016:33 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:136 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:120 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus novemfasciatus (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Cocos-Keeling and Christmas islands and Indonesia east to Line Islands and Samoa, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

novemstriatus, Apogon Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:85, Pl. 22 (fig. 1) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): lost. •Synonym of Cheilodipterus bipunctatus (Lachner 1951) -- (Dor 1984:116 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus Cuvier 1828 -- (Gon 1993:49 [ref. 21133]). •Valid as Cheilodipterus novemstriatus (Rüppell 1838) -- (Gon 1993:35 [ref. 21133], Randall 1995:163 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:152 [ref. 23922], Gon & Randall 2003:32 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Irmak & Engin 2015:186 [ref. 33909], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:73 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871], Eagderi et al. 2019:36 [ref. 37020] as Cheliodipterus n., Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:64 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus novemstriatus (Rüppell 1838). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden and Socotra east to Persian Gulf; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

nubilus, Apogon Garman [S.] 1903:229, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 39 (no. 8); ref. 15030] Suva, Viti Levu, Fiji Islands. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28315. •Valid as Apogon nubilus Garman 1903 -- (Dor 1984:113 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:146 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:776 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:776 [ref. 26001]). •Synonym of Apogon guamensis Valenciennes 1832 -- (Gon 1986:550 [ref. 5657], Fraser et al. 1999:9 [ref. 24562], Gon & Randall 2003:16 [ref. 26750]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus guamensis (Bleeker 1856) -- (Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:330 [ref. 28867]). •Synonym of Nectamia fusca (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Fraser 2008:15 [ref. 29471], Fricke et al. 2018:170 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:76 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Nectamia fusca (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

nudus, Apogonichthys Regan [C. T.] 1905:321, Pl. 3(C) (fig. 6) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 16; ref. 15386] Karachi, Pakistan. Syntypes: BMNH 1904.5.25.104-112 (9). •Valid as Rhabdamia nuda (Regan 1905) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Yoshida & Motomura 2018:178 [ref. 35776] as nudus). •Synonym of Rhabdamia gracilis (Bleeker 1856) -- (Yoshida et al. 2018:[6] [ref. 36254]). Current status: Synonym of Rhabdamia gracilis (Bleeker 1856). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

ocellata, Amia von Bonde [C.] 1923:14, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa Rep. 3 (art. 1); ref. 521] KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, Pickle station 179, depth 27 fathoms. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Apogon pharaonis Bellotti 1874 -- (Gon 2000:9 [ref. 26650]). •Synonym of Apogonichthyoides pharaonis (Bellotti 1874) based on generic placement of pharoanis. Current status: Synonym of Apogonichthyoides pharaonis (Bellotti 1874). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

ocellatus, Apogon Weber [M.] 1913:231 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Sanguisape and Ubian, Sulu Archipelago; Kwandang Bay, orthern Sulawesi; Nusa Laut; [Siboga stations 93, 99, 115, 234]. Syntypes: RMNH 10022 [ex ZMA] (1); ZMA 101255 (2), 101259 (1), 101273 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:86 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Apogonichthys ocellatus (Weber 1913) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:144 [ref. 6441], Gon 1986:553 [ref. 5657], Paxton et al. 1989:551 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:147 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Randall et al. 1997:147 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:130 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:231 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:756 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:12 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:756 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:195 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1098 [ref. 29004], Fricke et al. 2009:51 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:371 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:69 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Mabuchi et al. 2015:40 [ref. 34429], Koeda et al. 2016:32 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:165 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:10 [ref. 36883], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:7 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthys ocellatus (Weber 1913). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Marquesas Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

ocellatus, Apogon Fourmanoir [P.] & Crosnier [A.] 1964:5, Fig. 3 [Cahiers O. R. S. T. O. M. (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer) Série Océanographie No. 6 (1963); ref. 5568] Ambatoloaka, Nosy Be [Nossi-Bé], Madagascar. Syntypes: MNHN 1973-0040 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:62 [ref. 12478]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Apogon ocellatus Weber 1913 and secondarily by Amia ocellata von Bonde 1923 (when in Apogon). •Synonym of Apogon guamensis Valenciennes 1832 -- (Fraser et al. 1999:9 [ref. 24562]). •Synonym of Nectamia fusca (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Fraser 2008:15 [ref. 29471]). Current status: Synonym of Nectamia fusca (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

ocellicaudus, Apogon Allen [G. R.], Kuiter [R. H.] & Randall [J. E.] 1994:28, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 21 (nos 1-2); ref. 21602] East Pass, Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, about 12°10'S, 123°05'E, depth 20-25 meters. Holotype: WAM P.29049-025. Paratypes: AMS I.34552-001 (3); NCIP 6089-6108 (19); USNM 328634 (3); WAM P.29049-003 (7), 30513-001 (13). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon ocellicaudus Allen, Kuiter & Randall 1994 -- (Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Allen & Randall 2002:119 [ref. 26188], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus ocellicaudus (Allen, Kuiter & Randall 1994) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:401 [ref. 31980], Fraser 2012:82 [ref. 32177], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:98 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus ocellicaudus (Allen, Kuiter & Randall 1994). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia east to Fiji, south to northeastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

octolineata, Paramia Bleeker [P.] 1872:no p., Pl. 305 (fig. 2) [Atlas ichthyologique des Indes Orientales Néêrlandaises v. 7; ref. 4861] No locality, presumeably Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5617. Available from plate published in 1872 with name as above; corresponding text p. 105 appeared in 1876 where Bleeker placed octolineata in the synonymy of Paramia macrodon Bleeker. •Synonym of Cheilodipterus macrodon (Lacepède 1802) -- (Gon 1993:30 [ref. 21133], T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilodipterus macrodon (Lacepède 1802). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

octospina, Neamia Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:441, Pl. 36 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1868); ref. 3576] Rasa Island, Mantaguin Bay, Palawan [Southeast of Panakan, Narra Municipality, Palawan, Philippines, Sulu Sea, western Pacific]. Holotype (unique): USNM 70251. •Valid as Neamia octospina Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:144 [ref. 6441], Gon 1986:556 [ref. 5657], Paxton et al. 1989:555 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:32 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:152 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Goren & Dor 1994:32 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:152 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:132 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:756 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Fraser & Allen 2001:163 [ref. 25214], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:756 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:38 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Randall 2005:201 [ref. 28239], Fraser & Allen 2006:4 [ref. 28906], Allen et al. 2006:1105 [ref. 29004], Fraser 2010:153 [ref. 30912], Yoshida et al. 2010:54 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:112 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:384 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:72 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:40 [ref. 34429], Golani & Fricke 2018:75 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:16 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Neamia octospina Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to New Guinea, north to Yaeyama Islands, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

octovittatus, Cheilodipterus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:163 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9143 (skin). Possible types: MNHN 0000-9145 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:64 [ref. 12478]. Replacement name for Cheilodipterus lineatus Lacepède 1801. •Synonym of Cheilodipterus lineatus Lacepède 1801 -- (Dor 1984:117 [ref. 29757], Fricke 1999:232 [ref. 24106]). •Synonym of Cheilodipterus macrodon (Lacepède 1802) -- (Gon 1993:30 [ref. 21133]). •Valid as Cheilodipterus octovittatus Cuvier 1828 -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426]). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus octovittatus Cuvier 1828. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

omanensis, Apogon (Lepidamia) Gon [O.] & Mee [J. K. L.] in Gon 1995:16, Figs. 6-7 [Israel Journal of Zoology v. 41; ref. 21822] Near Shinzi, Masirah Island, Oman, depth to .2 meters. Holotype: MCZ 90662. Paratypes: BMNH 1994.10.4.1 [ex BPBM 36129] (1); BPBM 36087 (1), 36108 (1), 36118 (1), 36157 (1); CAS 81723-24 (1, 1); HUJ 17763 (1); MNHN 1994-0768 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 44733-34 (1, 1); USNM 221830 (1). •Valid as Apogon omanensis Gon & Mee 1995 -- (Randall 1995:159 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Lepidamia omanensis (Gon & Mee 1995) -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:80 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Lepidamia omanensis (Gon & Mee 1995). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Oman. Habitat: marine.

opercularis, Apogon Macleay [W.] 1878:347, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 2 (pt 4); ref. 17573] Port Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Lectotype: AMS I.16309-001[ex MAMU F406]. Paralectotypes: AMS I.16309-003 [ex AMS I.16309-001] (17); I.16309-002 (2, not this species) . Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:206 [ref. 19518]. Lectotype selected by Fraser & Allen 2010:54 [ref. 30717]. •Valid as Apogon opercularis Macleay 1878 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:549 [ref. 12442], Larson & Williams 1997:357 [ref. 23967], Randall & Fraser 1999:631 [ref. 24563], Fraser 2006:140 [ref. 28665], Allen et al. 2006:1093 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides opercularis (Macleay 1878) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:53 [ref. 30717], Fraser & Allen 2011:67 [ref. 31605], Larson et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:164 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides opercularis (Macleay 1878). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Western Australia, Northern Territory and Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

orbicularis, Apogon Cuvier [G.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:155 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 49 (largest of 2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:94 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Sphaeramia orbicularis (Cuvier 1828) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:150 [ref. 6441], Gon 1986:557 [ref. 5657], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:517 [ref. 25598], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:282 [ref. 24014], Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:133 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2610 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:752 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:102 [ref. 25868], Sakai et al. 2001:96 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:752 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:41 [ref. 26750], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:71 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:15 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:214 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:416 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:114 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:79 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Koeda et al. 2016:35 [ref. 35333], Golani & Fricke 2018:79 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:139 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:180 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Sphaeramia orbicularis (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Caroline Islands, Gilbert Islands (Kiribati), Fiji and Tonga, north to Ryukyu Islands (southern Japan), south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

ovalis, Siphamia Lachner [E. A.] 1953:427, Fig. 74 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202 (v. 1); ref. 17482] Mindoro Sea, Philippines, 6°08'45"N, 121°03'E, Albatross station D5140. Holotype: USNM 112044. Paratypes: USNM 112100-01 (2, 3). •Valid as Siphamia ovalis Lachner 1953 -- (Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812]). •Synonym of Siphamia tubifer Weber 1909 -- (Gon & Allen 2012:72 [ref. 31960]). Current status: Synonym of Siphamia tubifer Weber 1909. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

oxina, Apogon Fraser [T. H.] 1999:41, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 112 (no. 1); ref. 23767] Madras, India, depth 15-22 meters. Holotype: CAS 33959. Paratypes: CAS 98101 (7); USNM 213345 (? not given), 213364 (55). •Valid as Apogon oxina Fraser 1999 -- (Fraser et al. 2002:179 [ref. 26401]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus oxina (Fraser 1999) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:124 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus oxina (Fraser 1999). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Oman east to Indian and Sri Lanka. Habitat: marine.

oxygrammus, Apogon Allen [G. R.] 2001:147, Fig. 4 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 25670] South side of Pef Island, 0°17.030'S, 130°26.444'E, off western end of Gam Island, Raja Ampat Islands, Irian Jaya Province, Indonesia. Holotype: NCIP 6190. Paratypes: WAM 31780-001 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon oxygrammus Allen 2001 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus oxygrammus (Allen 2001) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:401 [ref. 31980], Fraser 2012:82 [ref. 32177], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:123 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus oxygrammus (Allen 2001). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Wstern Pacific: West Papua (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

pacificus, Mionorus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:403 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Tagus Cove, Isabela Island [Albemarle Island], Galápagos Islands, 10 meters or more. Holotype: FMNH 17311. Paratypes: FMNH 17312 (1, in 2 pieces), CAS-SU 24421 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:72 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:57 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Apogon pacificus (Herre 1935) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:123 [ref. 22193] as pacifici, De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:54 [ref. 24545] as pacifici, Grove & Lavenberg 1997:348 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:336 [ref. 24555] as pacifici, Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:122 [ref. 25206], Thomson et al. 2000:112 [ref. 25640], Richards & Engle 2001:176 [ref. 25759], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957] as pacifici, Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Kells et al. 2016:228 [ref. 35888], Piñeros et al. 2018:234 [ref. 36377], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:29 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon pacificus (Herre 1935). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California (Mexico) south to northern Peru. Habitat: marine.

pallida, Archamia Gon [O.] & Randall [J. E.] 1995:540, Fig. 1 [Israel Journal of Zoology v. 41; ref. 22803] Eastern side of Masirah Island, Oman, depth 12 meters. Holotype: BPBM 36158. Paratypes: BMNH 1994.10.4.2 (1), BPBM 36453 (2), HUJ 17824 (1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 46949 (1), USNM 331831 (1). Type catalog: Golani 2006:27 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Archamia pallida Gon & Randall 1995 -- (Randall 1995:162 [ref. 22896], Randall & Satapoomin 1999:1 [ref. 24151], Gon & Randall 2003:42 [ref. 27133], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Gon et al. 2013:590 [ref. 32421]). •Valid as Taeniamia pallida (Gon & Randall 1995) -- (Fraser 2013:22 [ref. 32894], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:51 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Taeniamia pallida (Gon & Randall 1995). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Kenya; Oman. Habitat: marine.

pallidofasciatus, Apogon Allen [G. R.] 1987:3, Fig. 1 [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 13387] Tantabiddi Creek, 21°54'S, 114°00'E, North West Cape, Western Australia, depth 3-4 meters. Holotype: WAM P.28985-001. Paratypes: AMS I.26316-001 (1); BPBM 30940 (4); WAM P.25114-004 (1), P.25117-009 (1), P.27274-046 (5). Type information: Hutchins & Smith 1991:24 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon pallidofasciatus Allen 1987 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:66 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:549 [ref. 12442], Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1093 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus pallidofasciatus (Allen 1987) -- (Larson et al. 2013:113 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:117 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus pallidofasciatus (Allen 1987). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: northern Western Australia to Northern Territory (Australia). Habitat: marine.

pallidus, Ostorhinchus Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2017:34, Figs. 1-3, 5A [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 23 (no. 1); ref. 35104] Star Harbour, southeastern end of Makira Island, Solomon Islands, 10°47.308'S, 162°16.112'E, depth 30 meters. Holotype: WAM P.32546-001. Paratypes: USNM, WAM. •Valid as Ostorhinchus pallidus Allen & Erdmann 2017 -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:98 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus pallidus Allen & Erdmann 2017. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Guadalcanal and Makira (Solomon Islands). Habitat: marine.

papuensis, Siphamia Gon [O.], Allen [G. R.], Erdmann [M. V.] & Gouws [G.] 2014:329, Figs. 1a-d [Zootaxa 3881 (no. 4); ref. 33558] West Papua Province, Raja Ampat Islands, SE Misool, Pulau Balbal (2°14.206ʹS, 130°30.673ʹE), Indonesia, depth 66 meters. Holotype: MZB 22100. Paratypes: AMS, BMNH, NSMT-P, ROM, SAIAB, WAM, USNM •Valid as Siphamia papuensis Gon, Allen, Erdmann & Gouws 2014 -- (Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:152 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia papuensis Gon, Allen, Erdmann & Gouws 2014. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: West Papua (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

parazonatus, Cheilodipterus Gon [O.] 1993:37, Pl. 5 (fig. C); Fig. 15 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 22; ref. 21133] Lagoon of Kranket Island, Madang, Papua New Guinea, depth 2-3 meters. Holotype: BPBM 15772. Paratypes: AMS I.17539-001 (4), I.17542-001 (4), I.19108-065 (1), I.22141-001 (1); ANSP 123357 (2), 123358 (1); BPBM 35434 (1); USNM 289851 (5); WAM P.24717-001 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:26 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Cheilodipterus parazonatus Gon 1993 -- (Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:150 [ref. 25919], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Allen et al. 2006:1101 [ref. 29004], Allen & Erdmann 2012:377 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:70 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Fricke et al. 2019:131 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:65 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus parazonatus Gon 1993. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), south to Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia) and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

parri, Apogon Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1936:18, Fig. 7 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 2 (art. 3); ref. 634] Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Holotype: YPM 1239 [= BOC 682]. Paratypes: YPM 1240 (4). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:7 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Apogon pacificus (Herre 1935) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:123 [ref. 22193] as pacifici, Grove & Lavenberg 1997:348 [ref. 24023] [but see McCosker 1998:810 [ref. 24025]], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:336 [ref. 24555] as pacifici). •Valid as Apogon parri Breder 1936 -- (De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:54 [ref. 24545]). Current status: Synonym of Apogon pacificus (Herre 1935). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

parvula, Amia Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:432, Pl. 34 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1868); ref. 3576] Tataan Pass, Tawi Tawi Group, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 70244. Paratypes: (many). •Valid as Apogon parvulus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:145 [ref. 6441], Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Fraser 1998:989 [ref. 23602], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:759 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Nakabo 2002:759 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Yoshida et al. 2010:42 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:109 [ref. 31256]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus parvulus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:401 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:100 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus parvulus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines, north to Taiwan and Yaeyama Islands. Habitat: marine.

pellucidus, Pseudamiops Smith [J. L. B.] 1954:785, Fig. 2; Pl. 13 (figs. A-C) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 7 (no. 82) (art. 97); ref. 4093] Near Malindi, 3°50'S, Kenya, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 343. Paratypes: (12) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 787-791 (1, 1, 4, 2, 1), 1082 (1 c&s). •Valid as Pseudamiops pellucidus Smith 1954 -- (Gon 1986:561 [ref. 5657], Randall 2001:63 [ref. 25215], Gon et al. 2013:98 [ref. 32864], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2018:174 [ref. 35805], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:77 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pseudamiops pellucidus Smith 1954. Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South Africa and East Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

percaeformis, Amia Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:173 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] East Indies. No types known. Based on a drawing. •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

perdix, Apogonichthys Bleeker [P.] 1854:321 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 343] Larantoeka, Flores [Larantuka, Flores, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia, Selat Flores/Flores Strait, Flores Sea, eastern Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5616 (largest of 2). •Valid as Apogonichthys perdix Bleeker 1854 -- (Dor 1984:115 [ref. 29757], Gon 1986:554 [ref. 5657], Paxton et al. 1989:551 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:30 [ref. 13251], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:281 [ref. 24014], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], Randall 1998:35 [ref. 23433], Myers 1999:130 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:27 [ref. 26750], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:196 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:356 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1098 [ref. 29004], Randall 2007:213 [ref. 30952], Shao et al. 2008:250 [ref. 29952], Allen & Erdmann 2012:372 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Mabuchi et al. 2015:40 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2018:166 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:73 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:6 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthys perdix Bleeker 1854. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa and Madagascar east to Hawaiian Islands, Rotuma, and Rapa, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and New Caledonia. Replaced in Red Sea by A. infuscus (Fourmanoir 1955) on ref. 36965. Habitat: marine.

perlitus, Apogon Fraser [T. H.] & Lachner [E. A.] 1985:38, Fig. 15 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 412; ref. 5215] Kayangel Lagoon, Palau Island, Caroline Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: BPBM 15476. Paratypes: AMS I.17267-001 (5); BMNH 1974.6.24.5-6 (2); BPBM 10545 (22), 15477 (13); CAS 30740 [ex GVF 1974] (5), 30745 [ex GVF 1414] (1); RMNH 27056 (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 3393 (5); USNM 177850 (now 308), 183748 (1), 210439 (7), 211850-51 (2, 14), 213052 (18), 213449 (4), 213450 [ex USNM 177850] (3, 1 c&s). •Valid as Apogon perlitus Fraser & Lachner 1985 -- (Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Fraser 1998:990 [ref. 23602], Myers 1999:130 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1093 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Zoramia perlita (Fraser & Lachner 1985) -- (Greenfield et al. 2005 [ref. 28488], Allen & Erdmann 2012:418 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2019:141 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:185 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Zoramia perlita (Fraser & Lachner 1985). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea east to Palau and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea). Habitat: marine.

permutata, Siphamia Klausewitz [W.] 1966:217, Figs. 1-3 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 47 (no. 3); ref. 9041] Coastal reef near the Marine Biological Station, Hurghada, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Holotype: SMF 8265. Paratypes: SMF 8266 (1), 8267-70 (4). •Synonym of Siphamia tubifer Weber 1909 -- (Gon & Allen 2012:72 [ref. 31960], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Golani & Fricke 2018:78 [ref. 36273]). •Valid as Siphamia permutata Klausewitz 1966 -- (Dor 1984:119 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:32 [ref. 25356], Gon & Randall 2003:40 [ref. 26750], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:64 [ref. 35264], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:152 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia permutata Klausewitz 1966. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

persicus, Cheilodipterus Gon [O.] 1993:41, Pls. 3 (A), 5 (D); Fig. 16 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 22; ref. 21133] Patch reef, 4 miles east of Sidra Island, Bahrain, Persian Gulf, depth 2-3 meters. Holotype: BPBM 34755. Paratypes: BPBM 21256 (3), 29505 (3); SMF 19803 (4); USNM 147942 (8); WAM P.25979-001 (3), P.26463.005 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:26 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Cheilodipterus persicus Gon 1993 -- (Randall 1995:163 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:152 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Eagderi et al. 2019:36 [ref. 37020], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:61 [ref. 36965], Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus persicus Gon 1993. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Socotra; Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

pharaonis, Apogon Bellotti [C.] 1874:264 [Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali di Milano v. 17 (fasc. 3); ref. 16777] Suez, Gulf of Suez, Egypt, Red Sea. Holotype: MSNM (destroyed in 1943). Type catalog: Conci & Michelangeli 1974:219 [ref. 21560]. •Synonym of Apogon nigripinnis Cuvier 1828 -- (Dor 1984:113 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Apogon pharaonis Bellotti 1874 -- (Gon 2000:9 [ref. 26650], Gon & Randall 2003:20 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2007:82 [ref. 29533], Zenetos et al. 2010:411 [ref. 31201], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:68 [ref. 35264]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides pharaonis (Bellotti 1874) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:44 [ref. 30717], Fraser & Allen 2011:68 [ref. 31605], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Irmak & Engin 2015:186 [ref. 33909], Psomadakis et al. 2015:207 [ref. 34104], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:72 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:35 [ref. 37020], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:159 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides pharaonis (Bellotti 1874). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa and Persian Gulf east to India; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

phasma, Pseudamiops Randall [J. E.] 2001:61, Fig. 5 [Pacific Science v. 55 (no. 1); ref. 25215] Nuku Hiva, Taiohae Bay, eastern side at head of bay, Marquesas Islands, depth 2.5 meters. Holotype: BPBM 12651. Paratypes: USNM 359802 (1). •Valid as Pseudamiops phasma Randall 2001 -- (Randall 2005:212 [ref. 28239], Gon et al. 2013:98 [ref. 32864], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:78 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pseudamiops phasma Randall 2001. Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Southern-central Pacific: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

phasmaticus, Lachneratus Fraser [T. H.] & Struhsaker [P. J.] 1991:719, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 1991 (no. 3); ref. 19768] Kona coast at cave on north side of Ka'u Loa Point, 20-30 meters back from entrance, Hawaii Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: BPBM 29189. Paratypes: AMS I.24709-001 [ex BPBM 29190] (1); BMNH 1985.1.8.2 (1); BPBM 29190 (7); CAS 29109 (1); MNHN 1985-0004 (1); RMNH 29441 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 22043 (1); USNM 268198 (3), 272645 (1). •Valid as Lachneratus phasmaticus Fraser & Struhsaker 1991 -- (Randall 1998:37 [ref. 23433], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Mundy 2005:357 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:214 [ref. 30952], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:78 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Lachneratus phasmaticus Fraser & Struhsaker 1991. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Comoros, Mauritius (Mascarenes), Fiji, Marquesas Islands, Hawaiian Islands; probably more widespread. Habitat: marine.

phenax, Apogon Böhlke [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.] 1968:192, Figs. 2d, 5 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 120 (no. 4); ref. 7874] About 1/4 mile north of center of Green Cay, Nassau vicinity, Great Bahama Bank, Bahamas, depth 50 feet. Holotype: ANSP 111766. Paratypes: ANSP 106910 (1), 106912-6 (3, 1, 2, 1, 4), 111767-9 (17, 1, 2), 111770-2 (1, 1, 7); UF 12335-37 (3), 206192 [ex UMML 6192] (1), 206714 [ex UMML 6714] (1), 210777 [ex UMML 10777] (1), 218972 [ex UMML 18972] (1); UPRM uncat. [ex UPRM 1120] (1), 1119 (2), 1121 (7), 1123 (1), 1434 (1), 1440 (1). Type information: Gilbert 1974:114 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon phenax Böhlke & Randall 1968 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:150 [ref. 23100], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Collette et al. 2003:108 [ref. 26784], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Baldwin et al. 2011:12 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:27 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon phenax Böhlke & Randall 1968. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) and Bahamas south to Brazil, including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

philippinus, Henicichthys Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1939:200 [Copeia 1939 (no. 4); ref. 10998] Tidepool at Nasugbu, Batangas Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: CAS-SU 34379. Paratypes: CAS-SU 34380-81 (3, 4); USNM 15164 [ex CAS-SU 34380] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:72 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Gymnapogon philippinus (Herre 1939) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:150 [ref. 6441], Myers 1999:133 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:777 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Nakabo 2002:777 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Allen et al. 2006:1104 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2011:123 [ref. 32402], Allen & Erdmann 2012:381 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:72 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Fraser 2016:431 [ref. 34421], Fraser 2019:96 [ref. 36720], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:74 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Gymnapogon philippinus (Herre 1939). Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and Philippines north to Taiwan and Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

photogaster, Apogon (Jaydia) Gon [O.] & Allen [G. R.] 1998:3, Figs. 1-2 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 62; ref. 24416] Padoz Reef, Madang Lagoon, 5°10'S, 145°49'E, Papua New Guinea, western Pacific, depth 18-23 meters. Holotype: WAM P.31213-057. Paratypes: BPBM 38301 (1); MNHN 1998-391 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 57596-97 (1, 1); USNM 348213 (1); WAM P.30358-001 (1 c&s), 31213-001 (3), 31394-001 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117]. •Appears to be a synonym of Apogon argyrogaster Weber 1909 -- (Fraser 2000:253 [ref. 24412], Fraser pers. comm. 3/2008). •Valid as Jaydia photogaster (Gon & Allen 1998) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:383 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:72 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Gon et al. 2015:288 [ref. 33858], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:239 [ref. 34742], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:170 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia photogaster (Gon & Allen 1998). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia east to Papua New Guinea, north to Philippines. Habitat: marine.

pigmentarius, Monoprion Poey [F.] 1860:123 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 9753 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:188 [ref. 22926]. •Valid as Apogon pigmentarius (Poey 1860) -- (Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:320 [ref. 14275]). •Valid as Phaeoptyx pigmentaria (Poey 1860) -- (Fraser & Robins 1970:305 [ref. 1485], Gilbert 1977:31 [ref. 21333], Robins & Ray 1986:153 [ref. 23100], Maugé 1990:715 [ref. 17126], Boschung 1992:127 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1993:28 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:227 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:159 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:109 [ref. 26784], Gon 2003:1391 [ref. 27085], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:79 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:139 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:233 [ref. 28815], Wirtz et al. 2007:11, 31 [ref. 30263], Baldwin et al. 2009:6 [ref. 30053], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:46 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Wirtz et al. 2014:6 [ref. 33516], Pinheiro et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34324], Gon in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2428 [ref. 34618], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:43 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Phaeoptyx pigmentaria (Poey 1860). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; southern-central Atlantic: Ascension Island; eastern Atlantic: islands of Gulf of Guinea. Habitat: marine.

pillionatus, Apogon Böhlke [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.] 1968:189, Figs. 2c, 4 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 120 (no. 4); ref. 7874] Bay on north side of Cabagua Island, Margarita Island, Venezuela, depth 18 feet. Holotype: ANSP 111761. Paratypes: ANSP 111760 (2), 111762-65 (2, 1, 7, 1); UF 13539 (1), 13583 (1), 13771 (1) 13830 (3), 14268 (2), 207725 [ex UMML 7725] (2), 218823 [ex UMML 18823] (1), 223994-95 [ex UMML 23994-95] (1, 2). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:114 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon pillionatus Böhlke & Randall 1968 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:150 [ref. 23100], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Baldwin et al. 2011:8 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:45 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:25 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon pillionatus Böhlke & Randall 1968. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) and Bahamas south to Venezuela, including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

planifrons, Apogon Longley [W. H.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1940:232, Fig. 5 [Papers Tortugas Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington v. 32; ref. 2822] Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 107326. Paratypes: USNM 108887 (1). •Valid as Apogon planifrons Longley & Hildebrand 1940 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:151 [ref. 23100], Guimarães 1996:61 [ref. 22514], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:225 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Collette et al. 2003:108 [ref. 26784], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:78 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:225 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2011:11 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:45 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Pinheiro et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34324], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:26 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon planifrons Longley & Hildebrand 1940. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

pleuron, Apogon Fraser [T. H.] 2005:6, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 924; ref. 28138] Tanguinqui Island, Visayan Sea, Philippines, 11°28'42"N, 123°45'45"E, depth 69 meters. Holotype: USNM 357488. Paratypes: AMS I.16749-011 (3); ASIZP 60404 (1); CAS 85962 (2); ROM 73645 (1); USNM 268253 (1), 332331 (1), 349175 (2).357487 (6). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:44 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Apogon pleuron Fraser 2005 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:44 [ref. 31432], Yoshida et al. 2013:107 [ref. 34464]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus pleuron (Fraser 2005) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:402 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:76 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2015:40 [ref. 34319], Motomura et al. 2017:100 [ref. 35490], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:117 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus pleuron (Fraser 2005). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Malaysia and Indonesia east to Philippines and Papua New Guinea, north to northern Vietnam Habitat: marine.

poecilopterus, Apogon Cuvier [G.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:154 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 214. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:94 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Apogonichthys poecilopterus Cuvier 1828 -- (Mishra & Krishnan 2003:29 [ref. 27712] with authorship as Kulhl and van Hasselt). •Valid as Apogon poecilopterus Cuvier 1828 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:550 [ref. 12442], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:222 [ref. 24016], Gon 1997:172 [ref. 23065], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:357 [ref. 23967], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Fraser 2000:252 [ref. 24412], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Hayashi 2004:46 [ref. 27898], Allen et al. 2006:1093 [ref. 29004], Shibukawa 2009:107 [ref. 30449], Yoshida et al. 2013:108 [ref. 34464]). •Valid as Jaydia poecilopterus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Larson et al. 2013:111 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Motomura et al. 2017:98 [ref. 35490]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus poecilopterus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Fricke et al. 2014:76 [ref. 33932]). •Valid as Jaydia poeciloptera (Cuvier 1829) -- (Gon et al. 2015:291 [ref. 33858] as poecilopterus, Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:115 [ref. 36460], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:165 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia poeciloptera (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

polyacanthus, Cheilodipterus Vaillant [L. L.] 1877:29 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (6th Série) v. 12 [1875]; ref. 17849] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-4096. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:65 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Coranthus polyacanthus (Vaillant 1877) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:145 [ref. 6441], Fricke 1999:234 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:752 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:752 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:432 [ref. 28370], Fricke et al. 2009:52 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1200 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Amioides polyacanthus (Vaillant 1877) -- (Fraser 2013:26 [ref. 32555], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:39 [ref. 34429], Motomura et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:164 [ref. 35805], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:4 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Amioides polyacanthus (Vaillant 1877). Apogonidae: Amioidinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Réunion, Comores, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Indonesia, north to southern Japan, south to Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

polylepis, Apogon Regan [C. T.] 1919:197, Fig. 1 [Annals of the Durban Museum v. 2 (pt 4) (art. 18); ref. 15230] KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa; Karachi, Pakistan. Syntypes: BMNH 1898.11.18.7 (1), 1919.4.1.11 (1). •Synonym of Apogon natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson 1908 -- (Gon 1995:13 [ref. 21822]). •Synonym of Apogon kalosoma Bleeker 1852 -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Synonym of Lepidamia kalosoma (Bleeker 1852). Current status: Synonym of Lepidamia kalosoma (Bleeker 1852). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

polystigma, Apogonichthys Bleeker [P.] 1854:484 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 344] Wahai, northern Ceram; Priaman, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) RMNH 5611 (2 or 3 of 16). •Synonym of Fowleria variegata (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Gon & Randall 2003:37 [ref. 26750], Randall 2005:201 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Fowleria polystigma (Bleeker 1854) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426]). Current status: Valid as Fowleria polystigma (Bleeker 1854). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

polystigma, Cheilodipterus Bleeker [P.] (ex Castelnau) 1860:454 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 14028] Singapore. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: RMNH 5610 (1 of 2) Singapore; RMNH unknown (1) Ambon. Based on a color painting in the Zoological Museum, University of Liège (see Russell et al. 2010:94 [ref. 30735]). •Valid as Pseudamia polystigma (Bleeker 1860) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:556 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Pseudamia amblyuroptera (Bleeker 1856) -- (Randall et al. 1985:5 [ref. 9188], Allen et al. 2006:1106 [ref. 29004], Russell et al. 2010:95 [ref. 30735]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudamia amblyuroptera (Bleeker 1856). Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae.

popur, Apogon Montrouzier [X.] 1857:421 [143] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Sea, western Pacific. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:94 [ref. 12478]. On p. 143 of reprint. •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Status uncertain in Ostorhinchus -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426]). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

popur, Cheilodipterus Montrouzier [X.] 1857:420 [142] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:96 [ref. 12478]. On p. 142 of reprint. •Synonym of Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus Cuvier 1828 -- (Gon 1993:49 [ref. 21133]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus Cuvier 1828. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

posterofasciatus, Apogon Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 2002:124, Fig. 6 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 26188] South side of Tanavula Point, 9°02'44"S, 160°04'07"E, Florida Island, Solomon Islands, depth 18-37 meters. Holotype: BPBM 15669. Paratypes: USNM 349197 (1), 351561 (1). •Valid as Apogon posterofasciatus Allen & Randall 2002 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Greenfield & Randall 2004:566 [ref. 28162], Randall 2005:194 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:368 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:38 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon posterofasciatus Allen & Randall 2002. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Fiji, north to Philippines, south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

powelli, Amia Fowler [H. W.] 1917:123, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 35 (no. 4); ref. 15237] Incorrectly as Newport, Rhode Island, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 13428. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Fraser & Robins 1970:310 [ref. 1485] with comments on locality). Current status: Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

properupta, Lovamia Whitley [G. P.] 1964:167, Pl. 10 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 26 (no. 5); ref. 3772] Frederick Reef, Coral Sea. Holotype (unique): AMS IB.4852. Correct spelling not researched; apparently an adjective and should be Apogon properuptus (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 3/19/03). •Synonym of Apogon cyanosoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:547 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Apogon properuptus (Whitley 1964) -- (Kuiter 1993:160 [ref. 23929], Kuiter 1997:140 [ref. 25488], Nakabo 2000:771 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2000:178 [ref. 25987]). •Valid as Apogon properupta (Whitley 1964) -- (Randall et al. 1990:145 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:145 [ref. 25919], Randall & Kulbicki 1998:32 [ref. 23411], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:771 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Mabuchi 2003:293 [ref. 27221] but including 2 species, Allen et al. 2006:1093 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:42, 43 [ref. 31255] as cf. properuptus, Motomura et al. 2010:109 [ref. 31256] as cf. properuptus). •Valid as Ostorhinchus properupta (Whitley 1964) -- (Randall 2005:208 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:402 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429]). •Valid as Ostohinchus properuptus (Whitley 1964) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Motomura et al. 2015:22 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:6 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2019:136 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:106 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus properuptus (Whitley 1964). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Papua New Guinea east to Fiji, north to Japan, south to Queensland (Australia) and Coral Sea. Habitat: marine.

pselion, Apogon Randall [J. E.], Fraser [T. H.] & Lachner [E. A.] 1990:57, Figs. 8-9 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 103 (no. 1); ref. 14259] El Himeira, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, depth 12 meters. Holotype: BPBM 21515. Paratypes: BPBM 13381 (1), 18261 (6), 31988 (6); CAS 60679 (2); MNHN 1977-0827 (5); NSMT-P 44623-24 (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 27056 (2); TAU [= SMNHTAU] 9669 (2), 9670 (1); USNM 213381-83 (1, 2, 7), 213385 (1), 213387 (11); WAM P.29386-001 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:24 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117] •Valid as Apogon pselion Randall, Fraser & Lachner 1990 -- (Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Gon & Randall 2003:21 [ref. 26750]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus pselion Randall, Fraser & Lachner 1990 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:77 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:103 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus pselion (Randall, Fraser & Lachner 1990). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

pseudomaculatus, Apogon Longley [W. H.] 1932:301 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book No. 31; ref. 18451] Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 107324. Paratypes: USNM 108886 (18). •Valid as Apogon pseudomaculatus Longley 1932 -- (Gilbert 1977:31 [ref. 21333], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:321 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:151 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:367 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:141 [ref. 14674], Boschung 1992:126 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1993:17 [ref. 24474], Andreata & Séret 1996:585 [ref. 16204], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:226 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:159 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:78 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:226 [ref. 28815], Wirtz et al. 2007:10, 31 [ref. 30263], Baldwin et al. 2011:18 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:45 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Wirtz et al. 2014:6 [ref. 33516], Pinheiro et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34324], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:24 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon pseudomaculatus Longley 1932. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; southern-central Atlantic: Ascension Island; eastern Atlantic: São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

pseudosubulatus, Cheilodipterus Hardenberg [J. D. F.] 1948:414 [Treubia, Buitenzorg v. 19 (pt 3); ref. 13056] Telok Betong, Sunda Strait, southern Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Cheilodipterus singapurensis Bleeker 1860 -- (Gon 1993:52 [ref. 21133]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilodipterus singapurensis Bleeker 1860. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

pseudotaeniatus, Apogon Gon [O.] 1986:11, Fig. 2 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 67 (nos 1/3); ref. 8087] Off Nelson Village, Eilat, Israel, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, depth 20 meters. Holotype: BPBM 27395. Paratypes: BPBM 30551 (1); SMF 15948 (1); ZMB 53 (1); ZMH 14340 (1), 14342 (1); plus non-type material. •Valid as Apogon pseudotaeniatus Gon 1986 -- (Baranes & Golani 1993:307 [ref. 22372], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:159 [ref. 22896], Mee 1996:106 [ref. 22471], Carpenter et al. 1997:151 [ref. 23922], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:99 [ref. 25480], Gon 2000:14 [ref. 26650], Gon & Randall 2003:22 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Suresh & Thomas 2007:105 [ref. 36441]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides pseudotaeniatus (Gon 1986) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:44 [ref. 30717], Fraser & Allen 2011:68 [ref. 31605], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Psomadakis et al. 2015:207 [ref. 34104], Golani & Fricke 2018:72 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:36 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:73 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides pseudotaeniatus (Gon 1986). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Socotra and Persian Gulf east to Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Apogon Klunzinger [C. B.] 1879:255 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 22); ref. 18913] King George Sound, Western Australia. Holotype. Synthypes: AMS I.19302-001 [ex. SMNS 2541] (1), SMNS 2541 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1992:5 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:13 [ref. 29864] dated to 1880. Type information: Gon 1988:10 [ref. 31743] with a holotype and other specimens. Also appeared in Klunzinger 1880:345 [21 of separate], Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [ref. 2624]. •Valid as Vincentia punctata (Klunzinger 1879) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:559 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:571 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1111 [ref. 29004], Allen & Gomon 2008:561 [ref. 30653], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Hoschke et al. 2019:156 [ref. 36626], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:20 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Vincentia punctata (Klunzinger 1879). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Shark Bay (Western Australia) southward, east to Kangaroo Island (South Australia). Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Apogon Regan [C. T.] 1908:225, Pl. 24 (fig. 1) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Cargados Carajos, Indian Ocean, depth 20-30 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.3.23.86-89 (4). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Apogon punctatus Klunzinger 1880, replaced by Apogon regani Whitley 1951. •Synonym of Apogon regani Whitley 1951 -- (Fraser 20000:250 [ref. 24412]). •Syonym of Apogonichthyoides regani (Whitley 1951) based on generic placement of regani. Current status: Synonym of Apogonichthyoides regani (Whitley 1951). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

puncticulatus, Apogonichthys Poey [F.] 1867:233 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 14078] Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 9695. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:188 [ref. 22926]. •Valid as Astrapogon puncticulatus (Poey 1867) -- (Gilbert 1977:31 [ref. 21333], Robins & Ray 1986:154 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1993:23 [ref. 24474], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:226 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:159 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:109 [ref. 26784], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:78 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:29 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:230 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2009:16 [ref. 30053], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:46 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Pinheiro et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34324], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:41 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Astrapogon puncticulatus (Poey 1867). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (U. S. A.) and Bahamas south to Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

punctulatus, Apogon Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:88, Pl. 22 (fig. 4) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMF 1261 (1), 4685-86 (2). •Synonym of Fowleria aurita (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Dor 1984:118 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Fowleria punctulata (Rüppell 1838) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:554 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:152 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:357 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:152 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:132 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830] as punculata, Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:68 [ref. 27510], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426]). •Possibly in the synonymy of Fowleria isostigma (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:13 [ref. 36965]). •Synonym of Fowleria variegata (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Gon & Randall 2003:37 [ref. 26750], Randall 2005:201 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1103 [ref. 29004], Gon & Bogorodsky 2010:33 [ref. 31049], Golani & Fricke 2018:74 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Fowleria variegata (Valenciennes 1832). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

pygmaios, Cheilodipterus Gon [O.] 1993:45, Pls. 3 (B), 5 (E); Fig. 17 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 22; ref. 21133] Towartit Reef, Sudan, Red Sea, depth 10-13 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 29409. Paratypes: ANSP 163230 (4); BPBM 27433 (8), 30358 (1), 30893 (3); HUJ 5768 (4), 6236 (2), 11529-30 (5 or 4, 1), 13576 (2), 14603 (3); USNM 276589-91 (1, 2, 6). Type catalog: Golani 2006:27 [ref. 28840]. but not including 14603. •Valid as Cheilodipterus pygmaios Gon 1993 -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Gon & Randall 2003:33 [ref. 26750], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], DiBattista et al. 2015:20 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:73 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:64 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus pygmaios Gon 1993. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

quadrifasciatus, Apogon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:153 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Puducherry, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0865. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:62 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Apogon quadrifaciatus Cuvier 1828 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:193 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:113 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:146 [ref. 6441], Gon 1986:552 [ref. 5657], Randall et al. 1990:141 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:222 [ref. 24016], Randall 1995:156 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:259 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:57 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:140 [ref. 25488], Fricke 1999:229 [ref. 24106], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:243 [ref. 24754], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Mishra et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25315], Nakabo 2000:768 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2001:149 [ref. 25670], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:768 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:22 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:29 [ref. 27712]). •Synonym of Apogon fasciatus (Shaw 1790) -- (Randall & Lachner 1986:115 [ref. 9722], Randall & Hoese 1988:360 [ref. 14264], Paxton et al. 1989:547 [ref. 12442], Fraser 2005:10 [ref. 28138], Yoshida et al. 2010:36 [ref. 31255]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus fasciatus (Shaw 1790) -- (Fricke et al. 2018:172 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:76 [ref. 36273]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus quadrifasciatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:92 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus quadrifasciatus (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indian Ocean: East Africa east to Bali (Indonesia); Mediterranean Sea (Red sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

quadrisquamatus, Apogon Longley [W. H.] 1934:257 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Publications No. 33; ref. 13896] Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 107325. Paralectotypes: USNM 108888 (25), UW [ex USNM 108888] (1). USNM 107325 is listed as lectotype in USNM files, designation not researched; not designated here. •Valid as Apogon quadrisquamatus Longley 1934 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:152 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1993:18 [ref. 24474], Gilbert & Tyler 1997:764 [ref. 22974], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Collette et al. 2003:109 [ref. 26784], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:78 [ref. 27192] as quadrisquammatus, Smith et al. 2003:29 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:227 [ref. 28815], Allen et al. 2006:1087 [ref. 29004], Baldwin et al. 2011:24 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:46 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:31 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon quadrisquamatus Longley 1934. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U. S. A.) south to Brazil. Habitat: marine.

quartus, Apogon Fraser [T. H.] 2000:250, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 113 (no. 1); ref. 24412] Saya de Malha Bank, Indian Ocean, 11°05'00"S, 62°02'00"E. Holotype (unique): USNM 307688. •Valid as Jaydia quartus (Fraser 2000) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:239 [ref. 34742], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:170 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia quartus (Fraser 2000). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Saya de Malha Bank. Habitat: marine.

queketti, Apogon Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1903:206, Pl. 14 [Marine Investigations in South Africa v. 2; ref. 1645] KwaZulu-Natal coast off Teguela River mouth, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, 40 and 36-42 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1903.1.29.3 (1); SAM 11657-58 (5 + 1). •Valid as Apogon queketti Gilchrist 1903 -- (Dor 1984:114 [ref. 29757], Gon 1986:552 [ref. 5657], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:159 [ref. 22896], Gon 1997:175 [ref. 23065], Carpenter et al. 1997:151 [ref. 23922], Fraser 2000:252 [ref. 24412], Gon & Randall 2003:23 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2007:82 [ref. 29533], Zenetos et al. 2010:411 [ref. 31201], Irmak & Engin 2015:186 [ref. 33909]). •Valid as Jaydia queketti (Gilchrist 1903) -- (Psomadakis et al. 2015:208 [ref. 34104], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:239 [ref. 34742], Yu et al. 2016:3 [ref. 34816], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:75 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:37 [ref. 37020], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:167 [ref. 36965], Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia queketti (Gilchrist 1903). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra and Persian Gulf to western India; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

quinquelineatus, Cheilodipterus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:167 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Bora Bora, Society Islands, South Pacific. Holotype: MNHN 0000-9147. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:65 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus Cuvier 1828 -- (Dor 1984:117 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:144 [ref. 6441], Gon 1986:556 [ref. 5657], Allen & Swainston 1988:64 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:552 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:31 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:150 [ref. 15987], Gon 1993:49 [ref. 21133], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Kuiter 1993:161 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:161 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:164 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:100 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:138 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:150 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:131 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:233 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Randall 1999:14 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:753 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:217 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:12 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Shinohara et al. 2000:178 [ref. 25987], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:753 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:34 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495] as quinquelineata, Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:67 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576] as quinquelineata, Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:199 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1101 [ref. 29004], Fricke et al. 2009:52 [ref. 30213], Shibukawa 2009:109 [ref. 30449], Yoshida et al. 2010:51 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:111 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:377 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:70 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Mabuchi et al. 2015:43 [ref. 34429], Koeda et al. 2016:32 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:6 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:167 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:74 [ref. 36273], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:114 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:37 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:131 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:62 [ref. 36965], Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus Cuvier 1828. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), Lord Howe Island and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

quinquestriatus, Apogon Regan [C. T.] 1908:226 [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Southern Nilandu, Maldives, Indian Ocean, depth 30-36 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1901.12.31.8-9 (2). •Valid as Apogon quinquestriatus Regan 1908 -- (Fraser 2005:10 [ref. 28138]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus quinquestriatus (Regan 1908) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus quinquestriatus (Regan 1908). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

radcliffei, Amia Fowler [H. W.] 1918:25, Fig. 11 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 70; ref. 1396] Philippines. Holotype: ANSP 47500. Paratypes: ANSP 47501-04 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:21 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon radcliffei (Fowler 1918) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Valid as Ostorhinchus radcliffei (Fowler 1918) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus radcliffei (Fowler 1918). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ramsayi, Gulliveria Macleay [W.] 1884:11 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 1); ref. 4932] Fresh water inland from Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Possible types: AMS A.4825-27 (3). •Synonym of Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:555 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1103 [ref. 29004], Larson et al. 2013:110 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Synonym of Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

ramsayi, Mionorus Fowler [H. W.] 1907:431, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 59; ref. 1377] Victoria, Australia. Holotype: ANSP 33124. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:21 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Vincentia conspersa (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:570 [ref. 22532], Allen et al. 2006:1111 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Vincentia conspersa (Klunzinger 1872). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

randalli, Siphamia Gon [O.] & Allen [G. R.] 2012:56, Figs. 27, 28a [Zootaxa No. 3294; ref. 31960] Northwest tip of Cook Bay, Moorea, Society Islands. Holotype: ROM 60957. Paratypes: Many at AMS, BMNH, BPBM, CAS, KPM-NI, MNHN, NSMT, ROM, SAIAB, USNM, WAM. •Valid as Siphamia randalli Gon & Allen 2012 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:151 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia randalli Gon & Allen 2012. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southern-central Pacific: Cook Islands east to Society Islands. Habitat: marine.

regani, Apogon Whitley [G. P.] 1951:65 [Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales v. for 1949-50; ref. 4711] Cargados Carajos, Indian Ocean, depth 20-30 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.3.23.86-89 (4). Replacement name for Apogon punctatus Regan 1908, preoccupied by Apogon punctatus Klunzinger 1880. •Valid as Apogon regani Whitley 1951 -- (Fraser 2000:261 [ref. 24412]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides regani (Whitley 1951) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:44 [ref. 30717], Fraser & Allen 2011:68 [ref. 31605], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:163 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides regani (Whitley 1951). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

regula, Apogon Fraser [T. H.] & Randall [J. E.] 2003:8, 1B, 2B [Zootaxa No. 171; ref. 26789] Condor Reef, Caroline Islands, depth 55 meters. Holotype: BPBM 24697. Paratypes: BPBM 6955 (3), USNM 371777 (1). •Valid as Ostorhinchus regula Fraser & Randall 2003 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:118 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus regula (Fraser & Randall 2003). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Mariana Islands and Caroline Islands. Habitat: marine.

relativus, Apogon Randall [J. E.] 2001:53, Fig. 3 [Pacific Science v. 55 (no. 1); ref. 25215] Fatu Hiva, northeast of Matahumu Point, Marquesas Islands, depth 6-12 meters. Holotype: BPBM 11699. Paratypes: AMS I.39937-001 (12); ANSP 82407 (1); BPBM 11030 (9), 38518 (2), 38690 (4); CAS 211005 (14); FMNH 21982 (1); MNHN 2000-190 (6); NSMT-P 59101 (1); USNM 359800 (11). •Valid as Apogon relativus Randall 2001 -- (Fraser & Randall 2003:5 [ref. 26789]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus relativus (Randall 2001) -- (Randall 2005:208 [ref. 28239], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:122 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus relativus (Randall 2001). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southern-central Pacific: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

retrosella, Amia Gill [T. N.] 1862:251 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14; ref. 4909] Baja California, Mexico. Syntypes: USNM 2454 (orig. 1, now 6), 2997 (3), 4001 (1, not found in 1980), 4002 (?, not found in 1980), 4003 (0, not found in 1980), 4413 (now 3). •Valid as Apogon retrosella (Gill 1862) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:123 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:55 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:111 [ref. 25640], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:445 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923], Piñeros et al. 2018:234 [ref. 36377], González-Murcia et al. 2019:301 [ref. 36544], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:28 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon retrosella (Gill 1862). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California and coast of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

rexmullorum, Apogon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:143 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6498 (1), 0000-8395 to 0000-8399 (1, 3, 3, 1, 2), A-7744 (1, dry). Originally as rex mullorum. •Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:365 [ref. 7192], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:804 [ref. 13676] as rex-mullorum, Maugé 1990:714 [ref. 17126]). Current status: Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

rhodopterus, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1852:62 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 16832] Singapore. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5574 (1 of 3, 130 mm TL). Holotype identified by Randall & Fraser 1999:626 [ref. 24563]. •Valid as Apogon rhodopterus Bleeker 1852 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:148 [ref. 6441], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:148 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:129 [ref. 23965], Randall & Fraser 1999:624 [ref. 24563], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:761 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:761 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:65 [ref. 27510], Miyahara et al. 2005:147 [ref. 28645], Allen et al. 2006:1093 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Pristicon rhodopterus (Bleeker 1852) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:407 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:77 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:45 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:136 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pristicon rhodopterus (Bleeker 1852). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Singapore and Indonesia east to the Philippines, east to Solomon Islands, Habitat: marine.

robbyi, Apogon Gilbert [C. R.] & Tyler [J. C.] 1997:768, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 60 (no. 3); ref. 22974] Edge of shot-hole northwest of Carrie Bow Cay (west of South Water Cay and east of northern end of Twin Cays), Belize, depth 6.5 meters. Holotype: USNM 338013. Paratypes: AMNH 99839 (1); FMNH 98241 (3); UF 23552 (1), 100385-86 (6, 3), 229818 [ex UMML 29818] (1); USNM 338014-15 (14, 3). •Valid as Apogon robbyi Gilbert & Tyler 1997 -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:29 [ref. 27621], Baldwin et al. 2011:26 [ref. 31688], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:31 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon robbyi Gilbert & Tyler 1997. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Belize and Jamaica south to Brazil, including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

robinsi, Apogon Böhlke [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.] 1968:186, Figs. 2b, 3 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 120 (no. 4); ref. 7874] About 1/4 mile north of Green Cay, vicinity of Nassau, Great Bahama Bank, Bahamas, depth 45 feet. Holotype: ANSP 97165. Paratypes: ANSP 97163-64 (1, 1), 97166 (6, now 5) 97167 (11), 111753-55 (11, 1, 1), 111756 (1), 111757-59 (1, 1, 1); UF 12338 (1), 212585 [ex UMML 12585] (1), 212804 [ex UMML 12804] (2). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:114 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:21 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon robinsi Böhlke & Randall 1968 -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:226 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:159 [ref. 27754], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Baldwin et al. 2011:23 [ref. 31688], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:46 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:30 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon robinsi Böhlke & Randall 1968. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

robusta, Amia Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1911:254, Pl. 24; Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1853); ref. 14806] Jolo Reefs, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 68400. Paratypes: (about 150). First author is H. M. Smith. •Synonym of Apogon cookii Macleay 1881 -- (Randall & Lachner 1986:115 [ref. 9722]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus cookii (Macleay 1881) based on generic placement of cookii. Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus cookii (Macleay 1881). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

roseigaster, Apogon Ramsay [E. P.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1887:1101 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 4); ref. 18491] Parramatta River, New South Wales, Australia. Lectotype: AMS I.881. Paralectotypes: MCZ 27552 [ex AMS] (5). Appeared first in Ogilby 1887:1061 [ref. 27564] but perhaps not diagnostic, the only character mentioned being the "curius black lobe on each side of the tongue." May have appeared earlier as p. viii in 1886 (an abstract and different publication but the same as p. 1061). Lectotype selected by Gon & Allen 2012:60 [ref. 31960]; they regard MCZ 27552 (5) as S. cephalotes. •Valid as Siphamia roseigaster (Ramsay & Ogilby 1887)[sometimes as Ogilby 1886] -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:64 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:558 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:153 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:100 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:357 [ref. 23967], Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:733 [ref. 25471] as rosiegaster, Allen et al. 2006:1108 [ref. 29004], Gon & Allen 2012:60 [ref. 31960], Larson et al. 2013:114 [ref. 32988] as rosiegaster, Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:143 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia roseigaster (Ramsay & Ogilby 1887). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland and New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: marine.

roseipinnis, Apogon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:490 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Trincomalee, Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8700. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:63 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Apogon aureus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Randall et al. 1990:42 [ref. 14259] [but see account of Ostorhinchus fleurieu]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus aureus (Lacepède 1802) based on generic placement of aureus. Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus aureus (Lacepède 1802). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

roseipinnis, Apogon annularis var. Günther [A.] in Tennet 1861:360 [Sketches of the natural history of Ceylon; ref. 20188] Not available, name only; from Sri Lanka. •In the synonymy of Ostorhinchus aureus (Lacepède 1802) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 1/16/2011). Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus aureus (Lacepède 1802). Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

roseobrunneus, Apogonichthys Macleay [W.] 1881:348 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 3); ref. 17577] River in northern Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16312-001 [ex MAMU F424]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:206 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:555 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1103 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Glossamia aprion (Richardson 1842). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

rubellus, Asperapogon Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:384, Pl. 47 (fig. H), Pl. 49 (D) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 22; ref. 4128] Matemo Island, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 347. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 347 (1 of 2), 1075 (1, c&s). •Valid as Apogon rubellus (Smith 1961) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426]). Current status: Valid as Apogon rubellus (Smith 1961). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Mozambique. Habitat: marine.

rubens, Centropomus Spinola [M.] 1807:370, Pl. 28 (fig. 2) [Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 10; ref. 18741] Ligurian coast, Gulf of Genoa, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:101 [ref. 12478]. Based on Commerson manuscript. •Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Psomadakis et al. 2012:7 [ref. 33457] as Kuhlia rubens). Current status: Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

ruber, Apogon Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:411, 412 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Malta, Mediterranean Sea. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:94 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:365 [ref. 7192]). Current status: Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

ruber, Dipterodon Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:47 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:26 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:102 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

rubra, Pseudamia Randall [J. E.] & Ida [H.] 1993:12, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 40 (no. 1); ref. 20715] Cave, south end of Chichi-jima, Ogasawara Islands, Japan, depth 3-4 meters. Holotype (unique): NSMT-P 35678. •Valid as Pseudamia rubra Randall & Ida 1993 -- (Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:779 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:779 [ref. 26001], Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:40 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:191 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pseudamia rubra Randall & Ida 1993. Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

rubrifuscus, Apogon Greenfield [D. W.] & Randall [J. E.] 2004:564, Fig. 3, 4B [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 55 (no. 29); ref. 28162] Cave off Motu Tautara, Easter Island, depth 39 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 39346. •Valid as Apogon rubrifuscus Greenfield & Randall 2004 -- (Greenfield 2007:604 [ref. 29453], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:39 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon rubrifuscus Greenfield & Randall 2004. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Easter Island endemic. Habitat: marine.

rubrimacula, Apogon Randall [J. E.] & Kulbicki [M.] 1998:33, Figs. 4-6 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 25 (nos 1-2); ref. 23411] 7 miles west of Honiara, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, western Pacific, depth 33 meters. Holotype: BPBM 37833. Paratypes: AMS I.38484-001 (1); BPBM 324833 (14), 32505 (2), 34299 (4), 37830 (4), 37834 (1), 37836 (4); CAS 98064 (1); MNHN 1997-4174 (1); NSMT-P 54270 (1); USNM 347130 (1). •Valid as Apogon rubrimacula Randall & Kulbicki 1998 -- (Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen et al. 2006:1094 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus rubrimacula (Randall & Kulbicki 1998) -- (Randall 2005:208 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:402 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:76 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus rubrimacula (Randall & Kulbicki 1998). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and Vanuatu, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

rudis, Apogon De Vis [C. W.] 1884:395 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Cardwell, Queensland, Australia. No types known. •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Incertae sedis in Apogonidae -- (Allen et al. 2006:1112 [ref. 29004]). Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

rueppellii, Apogon Günther [A.] 1859:236 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Australian seas. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1858.12.27.30 (1 stuffed), 1858.12.27.33 (1 stuffed), 1972.6.8.2 (1). Originally as rüppellii, corrected to rueppellii Kullander 2016:95 [ref. 34436]. Also listed was Plate XV. fig. B, but on preface p. vi it is stated, "The Plates referred to, and executed by Mr. Ford, will be published as a separate volume." •Valid as Apogon rueppellii Günther 1859 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:66 [ref. 25477] as rupelli, Paxton et al. 1989:550 [ref. 12442], Larson & Williams 1997:357 [ref. 23967], Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977] as rueppelli, Kuiter 1997:148 [ref. 25488] as ruepelli, Randall & Fraser 1999:631 [ref. 24563] as rueppelli, Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812] as ruepelli, Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Fraser 2006:140 [ref. 28665], Allen et al. 2006:1094 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus rueppellii (Günther 1859) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:403 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:113 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:103 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus rueppellii (Günther 1859). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, Northern Territory (Australia) and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

rufus, Apogon Randall [J. E.] & Fraser [T. H.] 1999:627, Pl. 3 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 47 (no. 2); ref. 24563] 0.4 kilometers southwest of entrance to Malakal Pass, Palau Island, depth 37 meters. Holotype: BPBM 9558. Paratypes: AMS I.38794-001 (1); BMNH 1998.5.5.1 (1); BPBM 22291 (1), 30241 (1), 32082 (1), 36900 (1); CAS 200056 (1); URM P.1963 (5), P.1964 (1), P.2819 (1), P.2821 (1); USNM 260920-21 (2, 2), 346183 (1), 348990 (1), 349036 (1); YCM-P.36244 (1). Type catalog: Shibata et al. 2011:14 [ref. 31469]. •Valid as Apogon rufus Randall & Fraser 1999 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Shibata et al. 2011:14 [ref. 31469]). •or valid as Ostorhinchus rufus (Randall & Fraser 1999) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426] in two places). •Valid as Pristicon rufus (Randall & Fraser 1999) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:408 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:136 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pristicon rufus (Randall & Fraser 1999). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

sabahensis, Apogon Allen [G. R.] & Kuiter [R. H.] 1994:19, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 21 (nos 1-2); ref. 21601] Police Bay on northern side of Gaya Island, Tunku Abdul Rahman Islands, Sabah, Borneo, West Malaysia, about 6°02'N, 116°01'E, depth 2-5 meters. Holotype: WAM P.30399-012. Paratypes: USNM 328637 (1), WAM P.30399-001 (4). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Apogon griffini (Seale 1910) -- (G. Allen and T. Fraser, pers. comm. 5/2008). Current status: Synonym of Apogon griffini (Seale 1910). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

sagittarius, Gymnapogon Yoshida [T.], Kawai [T.] & Motomura [H.] 2019:[2], Figs. 1-4 [Ichthyological Research First online; ref. 36901] Ha Long Bay, Ha Long, northern Vietnam, South China Sea, 20°55′N 107°05′E. Holotype: KAUM I.94804. Paratypes: (7) HUMZ 212494 (1), 225138 (1); KAUM I.16929 (1), I.51643 (1), I.60981 (1); THNHM F.15380 (1), F.15381 (1). •Valid as Gymnapogon sagittarius Yoshida, Kawai & Motomura 2019 -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:75 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Gymnapogon sagittarius Yoshida, Kawai & Motomura 2019. Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea (Thailand), South China Sea (Vietnam). Habitat: marine.

saipanensis, Lovamia Fowler [H. W.] 1945:63, Figs. 5-6 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 97; ref. 13142] Saipan Island, western Pacific. Holotype: ANSP 71588. Paratypes: ANSP 71589-92 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:21 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Apogon taeniophorus Regan 1908 -- (Randall & Lachner 1986:115 [ref. 9722], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus taeniophorus (Regan 1908). Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus taeniophorus (Regan 1908). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

sandei, Apogon Weber [M.] 1907:247, Pl. 12 (fig. 2) [Süsswasserfische von Neu-Guinea v. 5 (Zool.) pt 2; ref. 4599] Wagani River, Urana basin, southern New Guinea. Syntypes: ZMA 101300 (5). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:86 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Glossamia sandei (Weber 1907) -- (Roberts 1978:58 [ref. 8886], Allen 1991:133 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:106 [ref. 27467] dated 1908, Allen et al. 2008:131 [ref. 30265], Hadiaty & Allen 2011:179 [ref. 31448], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:68 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Glossamia sandei (Weber 1907). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southern-central New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

sangiensis, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1857:375 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 358] Sangi [Sangihe] Island, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5577. Original as sangiënsis. •Valid as Apogon sangiensis Bleeker 1857 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:148 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:550 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:145 [ref. 15987], Kottelat et al. 1993:109 [ref. 23448], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:146 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:145 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:23 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:128 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:766 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Nakabo 2002:766 [ref. 26001], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:65 [ref. 27510], Kottelat 2013:330 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Apogon thermalis Cuvier 1829 -- (Allen & Randall 2002:119 [ref. 26188], Allen et al. 2006:1096 [ref. 29004], Shibukawa 2009:107 [ref. 30449] as thermails). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus thermalis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:405 [ref. 31980]). •Synonym of Fibramia thermalis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2015:38 [ref. 34429]). Current status: Synonym of Fibramia thermalis (Cuvier 1829). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indonesia (if valid). Habitat: marine.

sansibaricus, Apogon (Archamia) Pfeffer [G. J.] 1893:135 [7], Pl. 3 (fig. 5) [Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten v. 10; ref. 3461] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Lectotype: ZMH H397. Paralectotypes: ZMH H396 (1). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:406 [ref. 21161] with a holotype. On p. 7 of separate. Type catalog and lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:163 [ref. 19181]. •Synonym of Archamia fucata (Cantor 1849) -- (Gon & Randall 2003:28 [ref. 27133]). •Valid as Taeniamia sansibaricus (Pfeffer 1893) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426]). •Valid as Taeniamia sansibarica (Pfeffer 1893) -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:49 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Taeniamia sansibarica (Pfeffer 1893). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Zanzibar (Tanzania); Seychelles; Maldives. Habitat: marine.

santoensis, Apogonichthys ahimsa Whitley [G. P.] 1959:314 [Australian Zoologist v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 4729] Santo, Vanuatu. Holotype: AMS I.6543 (larger specimen). Paratypes: AMS I.6543 (1), I.13482 (20) •Synonym of Apogonichthys ocellatus (Weber 1913) -- (Fraser 2006:140 [ref. 28665]). Current status: Synonym of Apogonichthys ocellatus (Weber 1913). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

savayensis, Apogon Günther [A.] 1872:656 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] Savai'i Island, Samoa; Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: (orig. 3) BMNH 1871.9.13.218 (1) Samoa, ? not NMV A.1144 [ex MGH 8180] (1). Fraser 2008:32 [ref. 29471] treats BMNH 1871.9.13.218 as the holotype, but it is apparently the surviving syntype; he should have designated it the lectotype. •Synonym of Apogon fuscus Quoy & Gaimard 1825 -- (Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:x [ref. 21953]). •Valid as Apogon savayensis Günther 1872 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:146 [ref. 6441], Gon 1986:552 [ref. 5657], Allen & Swainston 1988:66 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:550 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:30 [ref. 13251], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], Randall et al. 1997:142 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:23 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:128 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:230 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:776 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:776 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495] dated 1871, Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576] dated 1871, Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624] dated 1871, Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Allen et al. 2006:1094 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus savayensis (Günther 1872) -- (Randall 2005:209 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Nectamia savayensis (Günther 1872) -- (Fraser 2008:32 [ref. 29471], Fricke et al. 2009:52 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:386 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:111 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:73 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2018:170 [ref. 35805], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:173 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Nectamia savayensis (Günther 1872). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Ryukyu and Wake islands, south to Australia, New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

schlegeli, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1855:55 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 26 (art. 4); ref. 357] Japan. No types known. Based on Apogon novemfasciatus of Temminck & Schlegel 1843, Pl. 2 (fig. 2). •Valid as Ostorhinchus schlegeli (Bleeker 1855) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:403 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:112 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus schlegeli (Bleeker 1855). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia to China and Japan. Habitat: marine.

sealei, Amia Fowler [H. W.] 1918:20, Fig. 9 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 70; ref. 1396] Philippines. Holotype: ANSP 47492. Paratypes: ANSP 47493-99 (7). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:21 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon sealei (Fowler 1918) -- (Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:128 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:65 [ref. 27510], Allen et al. 2006:1094 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus sealei (Fowler 1918) -- (Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:331 [ref. 28867], Allen & Erdmann 2012:403 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33426], Fricke et al. 2019:137 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:123 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus sealei (Fowler 1918). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Palau and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Philippines, south to northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

selas, Apogon Randall [J. E.] & Hayashi [M.] 1990:399, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 36 (no. 4); ref. 15988] Tripod Reef, lagoon off Nagada Harbor, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea, depth 30 meters. Holotype: BPBM 32629. Paratypes: AMS I.28571-001 (1); BMNH 1989.1.12.2 (1); BPBM 32804 (2), 32618 (1); CAS 64459 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 27742 [ex YCM P10231] (1); USNM 300937 (1); WAM P.29863-001 (1); YCM-P10231 (11), P19451-53 (5). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:24 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117], Shibata et al. 2011:14 [ref. 31469]. •Valid as Apogon selas Randall & Hayashi 1990 -- (Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:509 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:128 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:765 [ref. 25086], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:215 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Nakabo 2002:765 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1094 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:44 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:109 [ref. 31256], Shibata et al. 2011:14 [ref. 31469]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus selas (Randall & Hayashi 1990) -- (Randall 2005:209 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:404 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:76 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:103 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus selas (Randall & Hayashi 1990). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia north to Ryukyu Islands, southeast to Solomon Islands and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

sellicauda, Apogon Evermann [B. W.] & Marsh [M. C.] 1900:143, Fig. 40 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 20 (pt 1) [for 1900]; ref. 14876] Coral reef at Culebra Island, Puerto Rico. Holotype (unique): USNM 49529. •Synonym of Apogon maculatus (Poey 1860) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Current status: Synonym of Apogon maculatus (Poey 1860). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

semilineatus, Apogon Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:4, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Fauna Japonica Part 1; ref. 4370] Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 65a (largest). Paralectotypes: RMNH 64 (2), 65 (2 of 3, not largest), 66 (2 of 4); ?MNHN. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:19 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Apogon semilineatus Temminck & Schlegel 1843 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:146 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:66 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:550 [ref. 12442], Lee & Kim 1996:64 [ref. 24706], Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:57 [ref. 26476] dated 1843, Myers 1999:128 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:768 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:99 [ref. 25480], Shimizu 2001:28 [ref. 25799], Shinohara et al. 2000:178 [ref. 25987], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:768 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:320, 598 [ref. 26218], Roe et al. 2002:903 [ref. 26504], Allen et al. 2006:1095 [ref. 29004], Fricke et al. 2013:258 [ref. 32706], Kottelat 2013:330 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:108 [ref. 34464]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus semiluneatis (Temminck & Schlegel 1842) -- (Larson et al. 2013:113 [ref. 32988] dated 1842, Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:96 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus semilineatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan. Habitat: brackish, marine.

seminigracaudus, Apogon Greenfield [D. W.] 2007:362, Figs. 1-4 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 58 (no. 17); ref. 29402] North shore of Vanua Levu, 16°30.717'S, 178°38.730'E, Fiji, depth 14 meters. Holotype: CAS 224639. Paratypes: AMS I.44090-001 (1); BMNH 2007.4.4.1 (1); BPBM 40508 (1); CAS 224640 (1), 224641(1); FMNH 117287 (1); NSMT-P 76275 (1); SAIAB 79500 (1); USNM 389555 (1). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Apogon seminigracaudus Greenfield 2007 -- (Yoshida et al. 2010:44 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:109 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:369 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:38 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon seminigracaudus Greenfield 2007. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Ryukyu Islands, Ogasawara Islands, southern Japan, Philippines, Fiji, Tonga Islands and Samoa. Habitat: marine.

semiornatus, Apogon Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1876:436 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1876; ref. 18495] Île aux Fouquets, 8 kilometers east of Mahébourg, Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): ZMB 9454. Type locality see Möbius 1880 [ref. 30489]. •Valid as Apogon semiornatus Peters 1876 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:145 [ref. 6441], Gon 1986:552 [ref. 5657], Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:550 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:30 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:146 [ref. 15987], Collette & Parin 1991:11 [ref. 19110], Kuiter 1993:161 [ref. 23929], Randall 1994:262 [ref. 21644], Randall 1995:160 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:146 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:146 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:230 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:763 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Greenfield 2001:460 [ref. 25234], Randall 2001:53 [ref. 25215], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Shinohara et al. 2000:178 [ref. 25987], Nakabo 2002:763 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:23 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:185 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:195 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1095 [ref. 29004], Greenfield 2007:365 [ref. 29402], Fricke et al. 2009:51 [ref. 30213], Yoshida et al. 2010:45 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:109 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:369 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2018:165 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:72 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:10 [ref. 36883], •Valid as Apogon dammermani Weber & de Beaufort 1929 -- (T. Fraser pers. com. 9/2000, Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:33 [ref. 36965]). , Zajonz et al. 2019:73 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Apogon semiornatus Peters 1876. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Philippines, Solomon Islands and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

senoui, Siphamia Gon [O.] & Allen [G. R.] 2012:62, Figs. 28d, 30 [Zootaxa No. 3294; ref. 31960] Funauki Bay, Iriomote Island, Yaeyama Islands, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, depth 10-13 meters. Holotype: KPM-NI 5727. Paratypes: BMNH 2009.11.27.3 (1); KPM-NI 5683 (1), 5685 (1), 5688 (1), 541 (3), 16389 (1), 31454 (1); NSMT-P 34928 (2); SAIAB 85931 (1); USNM 396991 (1); WAM P.3314-001 (1). •Valid as Siphamia senoui Gon & Allen 2012 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:45 [ref. 34429], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia senoui Gon & Allen 2012. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Ryukyu Islands (Japan). Habitat: marine.

septemstriatus, Apogon Günther [A.] 1880:38, Pl. 16 (fig. A) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Arafura Sea. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1890.2.26.33. •Valid as Apogon septemstriatus Günther 1880 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:66 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:550 [ref. 12442], Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Fraser 2005:21 [ref. 28138], Allen et al. 2006:1095 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus septemstriatus (Günther 1880) -- (Larson et al. 2013:113 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:93 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus septemstriatus (Günther 1880). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Philippines south to tropical Australia. Habitat: marine.

sialis, Amia Jordan [D. S.] & Thompson [W. F.] 1914:246, Pl. 28 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 2543] Suruga Bay, Japan. Holotype (unique): FMNH 57084 [ex CM 6021]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:91 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:7 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Apogon sialis (Jordan & Thompson 1914) -- (Gon 2000:13 [ref. 26650]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides sialis (Jordan & Thompson 1914) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:44 [ref. 30717], Fraser & Allen 2011:68 [ref. 31605], Manjebrayakath et al. 2012:1 [ref. 31814], Allen & Erdmann 2012:370 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Psomadakis et al. 2015:207 [ref. 34104], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Yoshida in Kimura et al. 2018:114 [ref. 36460], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:161 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides sialis (Jordan & Thompson 1914). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: South China Sea east to Philippines, north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

similis, Nectamia Fraser [T. H.] 2008:37, Figs. 3C, 6A, 14, 18 [Zootaxa No. 1691; ref. 29471] Kabaena Island, Banda Sea, Indonesia. Holotype: USNM 213123. Paratypes: ROM 54320 (9); USNM 344947 (5), 344948 (17). Plus additional non-type material. Name treated as an adjective. •Valid as Nectamia similis Fraser 2008 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:386 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:73 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Steinke et al. 2017:7 [ref. 35255], Fricke et al. 2019:132 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:177 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Nectamia similis Fraser 2008. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia and Indonesia east to Palau and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Philippines. Habitat: marine.

simplex, Apogon De Vis [C. W.] 1884:394 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Cooktown, Queensland, Australia. No types known. •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Incertae sedis in Apogonidae -- (Allen et al. 2006:1112 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Valid as Apogon simplex De Vis 1884. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

singapurensis, Apogon Bleeker [P.] (ex Castelnau) 1860:454 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 14028] Singapore. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Possible Castelnau specimens: ZMUL 2378 a-b (2, dry). Based on a color painting in the Zoological Museum, University of Liège (see Russell et al. 2010:95 [ref. 30735]). One of two dried specimens may be the model for Castelnau's painting. •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus endekataenia (Bleeker 1852) -- (Russell et al. 2010:97 [ref. 30735]). Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus endekataenia (Bleeker 1852). Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

singapurensis, Cheilodipterus Bleeker [P.] (ex Castelnau) 1860:452 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 14028] Singapore. Holotype: ?RMNH 5619 (144-mm TL specimen of 3). Additional material: second specimen mentioned in passing, whereabouts unknown. Based in part on a color painting in the Zoological Museum, University of Liège (see Russell et al. 2010:94 [ref. 30735]). The second specimen was regarded by Russell et al. 2010:95 [ref. 30735] as a paratype, but it could only be a syntype (or additional material as recognized here). •Valid as Cheilodipterus singapurensis Bleeker 1860 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:553 [ref. 12442], Gon 1993:52 [ref. 21133], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:131 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:68 [ref. 27510], Allen et al. 2006:1101 [ref. 29004], Russell et al. 2010:95 [ref. 30735], Allen & Erdmann 2012:378 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:71 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:57 [ref. 36965] as C. singaporensis). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus singapurensis Bleeker 1860. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: West Pacific: Singapore and Malaysia east to Marshall Islands, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

sinus, Apogon Randall [J. E.] 2001:58, Fig. 4 [Pacific Science v. 55 (no. 1); ref. 25215] Hiva Oa, head of Tahauka Bay on western side, Marquesas Islands, depth 0-1 meters. Holotype: BPBM 12117. Paratypes: AMS I.39938-001 (2); ANSP 177850 (2); BPBM 10356 (2), 12811 (1), 38692 (9); CAS 211006 (2); FMNH 108659 (2); MNHN 2000-191 (2); NSMT-P 59102 (2); USNM 359801 (2). •Valid as Apogon sinus Randall 2001 -- (Fraser & Randall 2003:5 [ref. 26789]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus sinus (Randall 2001) -- (Randall 2005:209 [ref. 28239], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:122 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus sinus (Randall 2001). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southern-central Pacific: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

smithi, Jaydia Kotthaus [A.] 1970:59, Fig. 238 [Meteor Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie No. 6; ref. 21596] Gulf of Aden, Somali coast, northwestern Indian Ocean, 11°17.9'N, 49°01.3'E to 11°18.2'N, 49°04'E, depth 42 meters. Holotype: ZMH 5033 [ex IOES 120a]. Paratypes: ZMH 5034 [ex IOES 120b-y] (24). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:417 [ref. 21161]. •Valid as Apogon smithi (Kotthaus 1970) -- (Gon 1997:177 [ref. 23065], Adam et al. 1998:12 [ref. 23610], Myers 1999:125 [ref. 23965], Fraser 2000:252 [ref. 24412], Gon & Randall 2003:24 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Shao et al. 2008:250 [ref. 29952], Yoshida et al. 2013:108 [ref. 34464], Irmak & Engin 2015:186 [ref. 33909]). •Valid as Jaydia smithi Kotthaus 1970 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:420 [ref. 33460], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:239 [ref. 34742], Yu et al. 2016:3 [ref. 34816], Motomura et al. 2017:98 [ref. 35490], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:75 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia smithi Kotthaus 1970. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Oman east to Philippines and Marshall Islands, north to Taiwan; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

smithvanizi, Apogon Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1994:24, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 21 (nos 1-2); ref. 21603] Off Bahrain, Persian Gulf, depth 30-35 meters. Holotype: WAM P.25988-001. Paratypes: BPBM 36421 (2); USNM 331174 (1); WAM P.25784-004 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon smithvanizi Allen & Randall 1994 -- (Randall 1995:160 [ref. 22896]). •Synonym of Apogon gularis Fraser & Lachner 1984 -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000 and 3/2008, Gon & Randall 2003:16 [ref. 26750]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus gularis (Fraser & Lachner 1984) -- (Yoshida et al. 2018:237 [ref. 36265], Eagderi et al. 2019:38 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus gularis (Fraser & Lachner 1984). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

snyderi, Apogon Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:180 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50640. Paratypes: AMNH 2288-89 (2); ANSP 24217 (1, missing), 24218 (1), 29737 (2); BPBM 1694-95 (2, lost); CAS [old no.] 1493-94 (2, lost); FMNH 3956-57 (2); IU 9807-08 (2, missing); MCZ 28896 (1, missing?), 28897 (1, missing?); CAS-SU 7459 (2), 68627 (1); USNM 50641 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:72 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:21 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:10 [ref. 12367]. Original reference inadvertently lists this species under new genus name Fowleria. •Synonym of Apogon kallopterus Bleeker 1856 -- (Dor 1984:114 [ref. 29757], Fraser & Lachner 1985:8 [ref. 5215], Randall 1998:32 [ref. 23433], Gon & Randall 2003:18 [ref. 26750], Mundy 2005:355 [ref. 28379]). •Synonym of Pristiapogon kallopterus (Bleeker 1856) -- (Randall 2005:211 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:215 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2018:173 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:138 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Synonym of Pristiapogon kallopterus (Bleeker 1856). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

solmaculata, Verulux Yoshida [T.] & Motomura [H.] 2016:[2], Figs. 1a, 2a [Ichthyological Research v. 64 (no. 1); ref. 34562] Between Fergusson and Goodenough islands, D'Entrcasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea, 09°21'S, 150°25'E, depth 18-20 meters. Holotype: WAM P.31360-011. Paratypes: AMS, KAUM-I, WAM. •Valid as Verulux solmaculata Yoshida & Motomura 2016 -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:140 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Verulux solmaculata Yoshida & Motomura 2016. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Western Australia; Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

sphenurus, Apogon Klunzinger [C. B.] 1884:20 [Die Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 2625] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMB 74 (poor condition). On Official Index (Opinion 1564); suppressed for purposes of priority. •Senior synonym of Neamia octospina Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Gon 1987:91 [ref. 6709], Fraser & Allen 2001:163 [ref. 25214], Gon & Randall 2003:37 [ref. 26750], Randall 2005:201 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Neamia octospina Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

spilota, Rhabdamia Allen [G. R.] & Kuiter [R. H.] 1994:21, Fig. 2 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 21 (nos 1-2); ref. 21601] Dropoff at east end of Tulamben, Bali, Indonesia, Flores Strait, Java Sea, eastern Indian Ocean, about 8°18'S, 115°37'E, depth 23-45 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6121. Paratypes: NCIP 6122-28 (7), WAM P.30515-001 (5). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:26 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Rhabdamia spilota Allen & Kuiter 1994 -- (Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:40 [ref. 26750], Allen & Erdmann 2012:411 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Motomura et al. 2017:100 [ref. 35490], Yoshida & Motomura 2018:178, 179 [ref. 35776], Yoshida et al. 2018:[6] [ref. 36254], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:138 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Rhabdamia spilota Allen & Kuiter 1994. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Andaman Sea, Indonesia, east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

spilurus, Apogon Regan [C. T.] 1905:321, Pl. 3(C) (fig. 5) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 16; ref. 15386] Karachi, Pakistan, Arabian Sea, western Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1904.5.25.113-117 (5). BMNH 1904.5.25.113 is listed as lectotype at the BMNH [not investigated]. •Valid as Apogon spilurus Regan 1905 -- (Mee 1996:106 [ref. 22471], Gon & Randall 2003:25 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:68 [ref. 35264]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus spilurus (Regan 1905) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Golani & Fricke 2018:77 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus spilurus (Regan 1905). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: Somalia, Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

spinicola, Siphamia Gon [O.] & Allen [G. R.] 2012:66, Figs. 28e, 31 [Zootaxa No. 3294; ref. 31960] Kinde Reef, northeast coast, New Caledonia, depth 10-15 meters. Holotype: BPBM 27105. Paratypes: many at CAS, MNHN, NSMT, SAIAB, USNM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Siphamia spinicola Gon & Allen 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:415 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Fricke et al. 2019:138 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:153 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia spinicola Gon & Allen 2012. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Yap Island (Micronesia) and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), south to Chesterfield Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

spongicolus, Ostorhynchus Smith [J. L. B.] 1965:529, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 7 (no. 81) (for 1964); ref. 9254] Coast of Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 354. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 744-745 (1, 2). •Valid as Apogon spongicolus (Smith 1965) -- (Dor 1984:114 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356]). •Synonym of Apogon guamensis Valenciennes 1832 -- (Fraser et al. 1999:9 [ref. 24562], Gon & Randall 2003:16 [ref. 26750]). •Synonym of Nectamia fusca (Quoy & Gairmard 1825) -- (Fraser 2008:15 [ref. 29471], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:68 [ref. 35264], Golani & Fricke 2018:76 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Nectamia fusca (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

springeri, Pseudamiops Gon [O.] & Bogorodsky [S. V.] in Gon, Bogorodsky & Mal 2013:94, 1a-c, 2a-c [Zootaxa 3701 (no. 1); ref. 32864] Gulf of Aqaba, Egypt, depth 0-16 meters. Holotype: USNM 262240. Paratypes: KAUMM 8 (1), SAIAB 190571 (1), SMF 34907 (1), USNM 262248 (1), •Valid as Pseudamiops springeri Gon & Bogorodsky 2013 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426] with authorship as Gon, Bogorodsky & Mal, Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:78 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:78 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pseudamiops springeri Gon & Bogorodsky 2013. Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

stauchi, Paroncheilus Smith [J. L. B.] 1964:621, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 6 (no. 70) (for 1963); ref. 4130] Gulf of Guinea, 3°50'N, 9°08'E, depth 52 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 360 (1 of 4). Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 360 (3 of 4), MNHN 1964-0566 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:65 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Apogon affinis (Poey 1875) -- (Fraser & Robins 1970:311 [ref. 1485], Maugé 1990:714 [ref. 17126]). •Synonym of Paronechelus affinis (Poey 1875) -- (see Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426]). Current status: Synonym of Paroncheilus affinis (Poey 1875). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

stellatus, Apogonichthys Cope [E. D.] 1867:400 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 13 (pt 3) (art. 13); ref. 18027] Nassau, New Providence Island, Bahamas. Lectotype: ANSP 12677. Paralectotypes: ANSP 12678 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:21 [ref. 13621]. Lectotype established by Fowler 1907:528, Fig. 10 [ref. 1375]. •Valid as Astrapogon stellatus (Cope 1867) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:154 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:127 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1993:24 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:227 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:159 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:109 [ref. 26784], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:79 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:29 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:231 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2009:16 [ref. 30053], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:46 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:41 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Astrapogon stellatus (Cope 1867). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda and Florida (U. S. A.) south to Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

stenotes, Siphamia Gon [O.] & Allen [G. R.] 2012:69, Figs. 28f-g, 32 [Zootaxa No. 3294; ref. 31960] Bay off northwestern side of Selat Iris, 3°54.544'S, 134°09.679'E, Triton Bay, West Papua, Indonesia, depth 11.5-012 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6315. Paratypes: BPBM 40999 (5), NCIP 6316 (6), SAIAB 96147 (6), USNM 396981 (7), WAM P.32799-001 (6). •Valid as Siphamia stenotes Gon & Allen 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:415 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Gon et al. 2014:337 [ref. 33558], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:154 [ref. 36965] as stenotus). Current status: Valid as Siphamia stenotes Gon & Allen 2012. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: West Papua (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

stevensi, Amia fasciata McCulloch [A. R.] 1915:118, Pl. 16 (fig. 2) [Biological Results Endeavour v. 3 (pt 3); ref. 2941] Vanuatu; Suva, Fiji Islands. Syntypes: AMS I.13461 (1), I.4247 (1), 13471-80 (2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 18). •Synonym of Apogon taeniophorus Regan 1908 -- (Randall & Lachner 1986:115 [ref. 9722], Paxton et al. 1989:550 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1095 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus taeniophorus (Regan 1908) based on generic placement of taeniophorus. Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus taeniophorus (Regan 1908). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

striata, Amia Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:437, Pl. 35 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1868); ref. 3576] Western coast of Luzon Island, 16°30'36"N, 120°11'06"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5442, depth 45 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 68403. Paratypes: USNM 93410 (11). •Synonym of Apogon lineatus Temminck & Schlegel 1842 -- (Randall 1995:154 [ref. 22896]). •Valid as Apogon striatus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Gon 1997:183 [ref. 23065], Gon & Allen 1998:6 [ref. 24416], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Apogonichthys striatus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Chen et al. 1997:57 [ref. 26476] dated 1911, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2014:69 [ref. 33932]). •Valid as Jaydia striata (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Psomadakis et al. 2015:208 [ref. 34104], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:239 [ref. 34742], Yu et al. 2016:3 [ref. 34816], Eagderi et al. 2019:37 [ref. 37020], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:168 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia striata (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf and Pakistan east to Philippines and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

striatodes, Apogon (Jaydia) Gon [O.] 1997:179, Fig. 15 [Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa v. 51 (1996); ref. 23065] Thai west coast, Andaman Sea, 7°01'48"N, 99°20'24"E, depth 35 meters. Holotype: USNM 213408. Paratypes: ANSP 76571 (1); BMNH 1996.6.28.1 (1); BPBM 37034 (1); CAS 32723 (1), 79648 (2), 79652 (1), 82202 (2), 82205 (8), 82208 (1), 85666-67 (3, 1), 85669 (1), 85676-77 (2, 1), 161015 (1); MNHN 1996-0236 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 51355 (2); WAM P.31189-001 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon striatodes Gon 1997 -- (Gon & Allen 1998:6 [ref. 24416], Fraser 2000:254 [ref. 24412], Shao et al. 2008:250 [ref. 29952], Yoshida et al. 2013:109 [ref. 34464]). •Valid as Jaydia striatodes (Gon 1997) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Yu et al. 2016:1, 3 [ref. 34816], Motomura et al. 2017:98 [ref. 35490], Yoshida in Kimura et al. 2018:115 [ref. 36460], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:168 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia striatodes (Gon 1997). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea east to Philippines, north to northern Vietnam and southern China. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Apogon Fourmanoir [P.] & Crosnier [A.] 1964:5 [Cahiers O. R. S. T. O. M. (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer) Série Océanographie No. 6 (1963); ref. 5568] Ambatoloaka, Nosy Be [Nossi-Bé], Madagascar. Syntypes: MNHN 1973-0041 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:63 [ref. 12478], Fricke et al. 2018:165 [ref. 35805]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Apogon by Amia striata Smith & Radcliffe 1912. •Synonym of Apogon timorensis Bleeker 1854 -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Synonym of Apogonichthyoides timorensis (Bleeker 1854) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:50 [ref. 30717], Fricke et al. 2018:165 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Apogonichthyoides timorensis (Bleeker 1854). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

strombi, Apogonichthys Plate [L.] 1908:395, Fig. 1 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 33 (no. 12); ref. 18556] Bahamas. Syntypes: ZMB 17782 (5). •Synonym of Astrapogon stellatus (Cope 1867) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Current status: Synonym of Astrapogon stellatus (Cope 1867). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

subulatus, Cheilodipterus Weber [M.] 1909:164 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 31 (note 4); ref. 4600] Fish market, Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMA 101379. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:87 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Cheilodipterus singapurensis Bleeker 1860 -- (Gon 1993:52 [ref. 21133]). •Valid as Cheilodipterus subulatus Weber 1909 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:145 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:753 [ref. 25086], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:99 [ref. 26368], Nakabo 2002:753 [ref. 26001], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426]). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus subulatus Weber 1909. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific and western Australia. Habitat: marine.

suezii, Apogon Sauvage [H.-E.] 1883:156 [13] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 7; ref. 3897] Suez, Egypt, Gulf of Suez, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5137. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:63 [ref. 12478]. On p. 13 of separate. •Synonym of Apogon nigripinnis Cuvier 1828 -- (Dor 1984:113 [ref. 29757], Gon 2000:9 [ref. 26650]). •Synonym of Apogon pharaonis Bellotti 1874 -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Gon & Randall 2003:20 [ref. 26750]). •Synonym of Apogonichthyoides pharaonis (Bellotti 1874). Current status: Synonym of Apogonichthyoides pharaonis (Bellotti 1874). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

susanae, Apogon Greenfield [D. W.] 2001:467, Fig. 2D [Copeia 2001 (no. 2); ref. 25234] South end of Ella Islet, about 122 meters off rocky shore, Ifaluk Atoll, Caroline Islands, Micronesia, depth 3-6.1 meters. Holotype: CAS 85037. Paratypes: BPBM 10644 (6); CAS 84823 (4), 84952 (2), 84960 (1), 85041 (1); USNM 360014 (1). •Valid as Apogon susanae Greenfield 2001 -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall 2005:195 [ref. 28239], Greenfield 2007:364 [ref. 29402], Yoshida et al. 2010:38 [ref. 31255], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:35 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon susanae Greenfield 2001. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

taeniatus, Apogon Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:159 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Red Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8693 (2, poor condition), ZMB 54 or 64 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:63 [ref. 12478]. Name originally spelled tæniatus. •Valid as Apogon taeniatus Cuvier 1828 -- (Dor 1984:114 [ref. 29757], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:804 [ref. 13676], Gon 1986:553 [ref. 5657], Gon 1986:6 [ref. 8087], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:222 [ref. 24016], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:160 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:151 [ref. 23922], Fraser 2000:259 [ref. 24412], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122] as taeniata, Gon & Randall 2003:25 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides taeniatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:44 [ref. 30717], Fraser & Allen 2011:67 [ref. 31605], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Ali et al. 2018:320 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:165 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:72 [ref. 36273], Jawad et al. 2018:105 [ref. 36262], Eagderi et al. 2019:36 [ref. 37020], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:159 [ref. 36965], Zajonz et al. 2019:73 [ref. 36871] as cf. taeniatus). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides taeniatus (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa, Gulf of Oman and Persian Gulf to Madagascar; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

taeniophorus, Apogon Regan [C. T.] 1908:226 [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Maldives, western Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.3.23.90-92 (3). •Valid as Apogon taeniophorus Regan 1908 -- (Gon 1986:553 [ref. 5657], Randall & Lachner 1986:110 [ref. 9722], Allen & Swainston 1988:66 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:550 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:30 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:146 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Kuiter 1993:159 [ref. 23929], Matsuura & Tachikawa 1994:134 [ref. 21905], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:142 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:146 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:128 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:230 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Randall 1999:14 [ref. 25829], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:12 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Randall 2001:61 [ref. 25215], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Fraser & Randall 2003:5 [ref. 26789], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495] dated 1905, Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576] with date as 1905, Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:183, 185 [ref. 28072], Allen et al. 2006:1095 [ref. 29004], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:68 [ref. 35264], Yoshida et al. 2010:46 [ref. 31255], Yoshida et al. 2010:47 [ref. 31255] as cf taeniophorus, Motomura et al. 2010:109 [ref. 31256], Motomura et al. 2010:110 [ref. 31256] as cf taeniophoris, Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:68 [ref. 35264]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus taeniophorus (Regan 1908) -- (Randall 2005:210 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2009:53 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:404 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:258 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:113 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:76 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Koeda et al. 2016:34 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:172 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:11 [ref. 36883], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:115 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus taeniophorus (Regan 1908). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Kiribati (Line Islands) and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

taeniopterus, Apogon Bennett [E. T.] 1836:206 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1835 (pt 3); ref. 16792] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.12.26.478. •Valid as Apogon taeniopterus Bennett 1836 -- (Fraser & Lachner 1985:29 [ref. 5215], Randall 1998:32 [ref. 23433], Myers 1999:129 [ref. 23965] dated 1835, Fricke 1999:231 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Randall 1999:14 [ref. 25829], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495] dated 1835, Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624] dated 1835, Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Mundy 2005:356 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Pristiapogon taeniopterus (Bennett 1836) -- (Randall 2005:211 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:216 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:53 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:407 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Fricke et al. 2018:173 [ref. 35805], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:134 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pristiapogon taeniopterus (Bennett 1836). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Réunion and Mauritius (western Mascarenes), Madagascar and Saint Brandon's Shoals east to Cocos-Keeling Islands and Christmas Island (Indian Ocean); New Caledonia east to Pitcairn Group; Marianas to Hawaiian Islands and Line Islands; bipolar west-east distribution, no records from Australia and Indonesia to Japan. Habitat: marine.

taeniopterus, Apogonichthys Bleeker [P.] (ex Castelnau) 1860:455 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 14028] Singapore. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Based on 2 color figures in the Zoological Museum, University of Liège (see Russell et al. 2010:94 [ref. 30735]). •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

talboti, Apogon Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:387, Pl. 47 (fig. A) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 22; ref. 4128] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 353. •Valid as Ostorhinchus talboti (Smith 1961) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:404 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Apogon talboti Smith 1961 -- (Winterbottom et al. 1989:30 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:146 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1997:146 [ref. 25919], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:26 [ref. 26750], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624] as cf. talboti, Greenfield & Randall 2004:566 [ref. 28162], Allen et al. 2006:1095 [ref. 29004], Greenfield 2007:601 [ref. 29453], Shao et al. 2008:250 [ref. 29952], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Psomadakis et al. 2015:205 [ref. 34104] as cf. talboti, Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Golani & Fricke 2018:72 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:32 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon talboti Smith 1961. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Society Islands, north to Taiwan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and Chesterfield Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

tarri, Pseudamia Randall [J. E.], Lachner [E. A.] & Fraser [T. H.] 1985:15, 23 (addendum), Pl. 1 (fig. C). [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 6; ref. 9188] Base of drop-off, Jana Island, Saudi Arabia, Perisan Gulf, depth 15 meters. Holotype: BPBM 30447. Paratypes: BPBM 30838 (1). •Valid as Pseudamia tarri Randall, Lachner & Fraser 1985 -- (Randall & Ida 1993:12 [ref. 20715], Carpenter et al. 1997:152 [ref. 23922], Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Eagderi et al. 2019:39 [ref. 37020], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:191 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pseudamia tarri Randall, Lachner & Fraser 1985. Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf, Seychelles. Habitat: marine.

tchefouensis, Apogon Fang [P.-W.] 1942:80 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 67; ref. 13123] Chefoo, Shantung Province, China. Holotype: MNHN 1941-0147. Paratypes: MNHN 1941-0148 and 0149 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:63 [ref. 12478]. •Junior synonym of either Apogon lineatus Temminck & Schlegel 1842 or Apogon striatus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) or senior synonym of Apogon striatodes Gon 1997 -- (Fraser 2000:254 [ref. 24412]). •Valid as Apogon tchefouensis Fang 1942 -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Valid as Jaydia tchefouensis (Fang 1942) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426] with question, Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:239 [ref. 34742]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia tchefouensis (Fang 1942). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: China. Habitat: marine.

thermalis, Apogon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:492 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Sources of hot waters of Cania, Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8686. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:63 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Apogon thermalis Cuvier 1829 -- (Gon 1986:553 [ref. 5657], Allen 1997:110 [ref. 23977], Fraser 1998:990 [ref. 23602], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen & Randall 2002:119 [ref. 26188], Allen et al. 2006:1096 [ref. 29004], Shibukawa 2009:107 [ref. 30449] as thermails). •Valid as Ostorhinchus thermalis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:405 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:76 [ref. 33932]). •Valid as Fibramia thermalis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2018:167 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:132 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:182 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Fibramia thermalis (Cuvier 1829). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

thurstoni, Apogon Day [F.] 1888:784 [The fishes of India Suppl.; ref. 1082] Madras, India. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1889.8.17.2. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762]. •Synonym of Apogon nigripinnis Cuvier 1828 -- (Tortonese 1973:365 [ref. 7192] with question, Dor 1984:113 [ref. 29757], see Coad 1991:26 [ref. 15702], see Fraser 2000:259 [ref. 24412], Gon 2000:7 [ref. 26650]). •Synonym of Apogonichthyoides nigripinnis (Cuvier 1828) based on generic placement of nigripinnis. Current status: Synonym of Apogonichthyoides nigripinnis (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

tickelli, Apogon Day [F.] 1888:785 [The fishes of India Suppl.; ref. 1082] Sittwe (formerly Akyab), Myanmar. No types known. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762]. Based on Apogon poecilopterus of Cantor 1849 (not Cuvier & Valenciennes). •Synonym of Apogon hyalosoma Bleeker 1852 -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Kottelat 2013:330 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides tickelli (Day 1888). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides tickelli (Day 1888). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

timika, Glossamia Allen [G. R.], Hortle [K. G.] & Renyaan [S. J.] 2000:107, 169, 2 figs. on p. 107 [Freshwater fishes of the Timika region, New Guinea; ref. 27467] Forest tributary of Kopi River, about 3-4 kilometers east of Tembagapura road (4°25.76'S, 136°57.16'E), Minajerwi River system, Papua, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 10585. Paratypes: WAM P.31253-007 (8); MZB 10586 (9). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:26 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Glossamia timika Allen, Hortle & Renyaan 2000 -- (Hadiaty & Allen 2011:179 [ref. 31448], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:67 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Glossamia timika Allen, Hortle & Renyaan 2000. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Vicinity of Timika, Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

timorensis, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1854:207 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 16926] Koepang, Timor Island [Kupang, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Timor Sea, eastern Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5583. •Valid as Apogon timorensis Bleeker 1854 -- (Gon 1986:553 [ref. 5657], Allen & Swainston 1988:66 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:551 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:147 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:31 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:161 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:102 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:357 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:147 [ref. 25919], Randall & Fraser 1999:631 [ref. 24563], Fraser 2000:259 [ref. 24412], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:774 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:774 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:26 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Fraser 2006:140 [ref. 28665], Allen et al. 2006:1096 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides timorensis (Bleeker 1854) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:50 [ref. 30717], Yoshida et al. 2010:48 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:110 [ref. 31256], Fraser & Allen 2011:68 [ref. 31605], Allen & Erdmann 2012:370 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2018:165 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:72 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:73 [ref. 36871] as cf. timorensis, Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:163 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides timorensis (Bleeker 1854). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Solomon Islands, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

torresiensis, Apogon Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:9 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:94 [ref. 12478]. •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Incertae sedis in Apogonidae -- (Allen et al. 2006:1112 [ref. 29004]). •Status uncertain in Yarica -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:43 [ref. 34429]). Current status: Uncertain as Yarica torresiensis (Castelnau 1875). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

townsendi, Amia Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1927:34, Fig. 17 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 635] Saddle Rock, Washerwoman Cut, Bahamas. Holotype: YPM 460. Paratypes: YPM 463 to 465 (1, 1, 2). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:7-8 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Apogon townsendi (Breder 1927) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:151 [ref. 23100], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:226 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:159 [ref. 27754], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Collette et al. 2003:109 [ref. 26784], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:29 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:228 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2011:16 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:46 [ref. 33341], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:26 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon townsendi (Breder 1927). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

tricinctus, Ostorhinchus Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2012:1114, Figs, 1-2, 4 [Reef fishes of the East Indies.; ref. 31980] Southwestern corner of Entalula Island, 11°07.822'N, 119°19.810'E, Bacuit Bay, Palawan, Philippines, depth 23 meters, Holotype: WAM P.33008-009. Paratypes: WAM P.330080-036 (2). •Valid as Ostorhinchus tricinctus Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:405 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Apogon tricinctus (Allen & Erdmann 2012) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:39 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon tricinctus (Allen & Erdmann 2012). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

trifasciatus, Apogon Weber [M.] 1913:580, Fig. 32 [Süsswasserfische aus Niederländisch Süd- und Nord-Neu-Guinea v. 9 (livr. 4); ref. 4603] Regen Island, Sabang, Alkmaar, Lorentz River, Irian Jaya. Syntypes: BMNH 1913.12.15.12-13 (2) Lorentz R.; RMNH 10878 [ex ZMA] (1); USNM 177680 (4); ZMA 101319 (3), 101322-23 (1, 9). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:86 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Glossamia trifasciata (Weber 1913) -- (Roberts 1978:58 [ref. 8886], Allen 1991:134 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2008:132 [ref. 30265], Hadiaty & Allen 2011:179 [ref. 31448], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:67 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Glossamia trifasciata (Weber 1913). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

trimaculatus, Apogon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:156, Pl. 22 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Buro Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype: MNHN 0000-8692. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:64 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Apogon trimaculatus Cuvier 1828 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:148 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:551 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:147 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:148 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:147 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:129 [ref. 23965], Randall & Fraser 1999:619 [ref. 24563], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:761 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:761 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:66 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1096 [ref. 29004], Suresh & Thomas 2007:106 [ref. 36441]). •Valid as Pristicon trimaculatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Randall 2005:211 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:408 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:114 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:77 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:45 [ref. 34429], Koeda et al. 2016:34 [ref. 35333], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:135 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pristicon trimaculatus (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Java (Indonesia) east to Tonga, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

trivittata, Amia Bleeker [P.] 1872:150 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 4; ref. 431] China. No types known. Based on a painting. •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

trivittata, Beanea Steindachner [F.] 1902:337 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 39 (no. 26) (for 11 Dec. 1902); ref. 4239] Near El-Tor, Sinai coast, Egypt, Gulf of Suez, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type not found at NMW. On Official Index (Opinion 1481); suppressed for priority but not homonymy. •Regarded sometimes as a holocentrid, but apparently is an apogonid -- (see Dor 1984:72 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:18 [ref. 25356]). •Probably the same as Siphamia permutata Klausewitz 1966 -- (Randall et al. 1986:193 [ref. 13253]). •Senior synonym of Siphamia permutata Klausewitz 1966 -- (Gon & Randall 2003:x [ref. 26750], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:64 [ref. 35264]). •Synonym of Siphamia tubifer Weber 1909. Current status: Synonym of Siphamia tubifer Weber 1909. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

truncatus, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1855:415 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 3); ref. 16941] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5582. •Valid as Apogon truncatus Bleeker 1855 -- (Gon 1997:185 [ref. 23065], Randall 1995:161 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:151 [ref. 23922], Fraser 2000:250 [ref. 24412], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen et al. 2006:1096 [ref. 29004], Shao et al. 2008:250 [ref. 29952], Yoshida et al. 2013:109 [ref. 34464]). •Valid as Jaydia truncatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Larson et al. 2013:111 [ref. 32988] dated 1854, Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Motomura et al. 2017:99 [ref. 35490]). •Valid as Jaydia truncata (Bleeker 1855) -- (Psomadakis et al. 2015:209 [ref. 34104], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:239 [ref. 34742], Yu et al. 2016:3 [ref. 34816], Yu et al. 2017:80 [ref. 36607], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:116 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:37 [ref. 37020], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:169 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Jaydia truncata (Bleeker 1855). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

truncatus, Chilodipterus Günther [A.] 1873:418, Pl. 30 [Reptiles and fishes of the South Sea islands; ref. 18196] Misool [Misol] Island, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1870.8.31.15. Genus name should have been Cheilodipterus. •Synonym of Cheilodipterus singapurensis Bleeker 1860 -- (Gon 1993:52 [ref. 21133]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilodipterus singapurensis Bleeker 1860. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

tubifer, Siphamia Weber [M.] 1909:168 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 31 (note 4); ref. 4600] Northeastern point of Timor, Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago, depth 27-55 meters. Syntypes: ZMA 112200 (3). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:90 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Siphamia tubifer Weber 1909 -- (Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Gon & Allen 2012:72 [ref. 31960], Allen & Erdmann 2012:416 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Gon et al. 2014:337 [ref. 33558], Mabuchi et al. 2015:45 [ref. 34429], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Fricke et al. 2018:174 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:78 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:139 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:144 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia tubifer Weber 1909. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New South Wales (Australia) and Vanuatu. Restricted to western Pacific on ref. 36965. Habitat: marine.

tubulatus, Apogon Weber [M.] 1909:160 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 31 (note 4); ref. 4600] Off west coast of New Guinea, 1°42.5'S, 130°47.5'E [now Papua Barat Province, Indonesia]. Lectotype: ZMA 101329. Paralectotypes: ZMA 101328 (1), 101330 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:86 [ref. 19236]. Two syntypes are S. tubifer -- (Gon & Allen 2012:72 [ref. 31960]). •Valid as Siphamia tubulata (Weber 1909) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:558 [ref. 12442], Hayashi et al. 1994:2 [ref. 24343], Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:751 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:751 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1109 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:58 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:113 [ref. 31256], Gon & Allen 2012:75 [ref. 31960], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:45 [ref. 34429], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:149 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia tubulata (Weber 1909). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua Barat Province (Indonesia), Papua New Guinea and Australia (Queensland). Habitat: marine.

umbratilis, Apogonichthyoides Fraser [T. H.] & Allen [G. R.] 2010:45, Figs. 2A-DE-4 [Zootaxa No. 2348; ref. 30717] Between Port Hedland and Dampier, 19°39'S, 116°22'E, Northwest Shelf, Western Australia, Australia, depth 46 meters. Holotype: NMV A14250. Paratypes: BPBM 40973 (1); CAS 227497 (1); ROM 77131 (4); USNM 395059 (1); WAM P.22914-006 (2), P.32791-001 (2), P.330134-001(2). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides umbratilis Fraser & Allen 2010 -- (Fraser & Allen 2011:67 [ref. 31605], Yoshida et al. 2011:122 [ref. 32402], Allen & Erdmann 2012:371 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Fraser 2018:104 [ref. 36116], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:162 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides umbratilis Fraser & Allen 2010. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Palau and Raja Ampat (West Papua, Indonesia), north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and Northern Territory (Australia). Habitat: marine.

unicolor, Apogon Steindachner [F.] & Döderlein [L.] 1883:2 [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 48 (1. Abth.); ref. 4247] No types known. Appeared first as name in synonymy -- name mentioned in passing in synonymy of Apogon bifasciatus Rüppell 1838. Validated back to Steindachner & Döderlein 1883 based on Jordan & Snyder 1901:749, Pl. 33 [ref. 2504]. The Jordan & Snyder description was based on USNM 49708 from Yokohama, Japan. Since Steindachner & Döderlein were the authors of ref. 4247, they are the authors of Apogon unicolor. •Valid as Apogon unicolor Steindachner & Döderlein 1883 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:148 [ref. 6441], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Fraser 1998:990 [ref. 23602], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:760 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:100 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:760 [ref. 26001], Allen et al. 2006:1097 [ref. 29004], Greenfield 2007:601 [ref. 29453], Yoshida et al. 2011:121 [ref. 32402], Larson et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:32 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon unicolor Steindachner & Döderlein 1883. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

uninotata, Amia Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:436, Pl. 34 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1868); ref. 3576] Bisucay Island, Cuyos Islands, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 70248. Paratypes: not researched. •Valid as Apogon uninotatus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868]). •Valid as Apogonichthyoides uninotatus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Fraser & Allen 2010:44 [ref. 30717], Fraser & Allen 2011:68 [ref. 31605], Allen & Erdmann 2012:371 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34429], Eagderi et al. 2019:36 [ref. 37020], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:155 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthyoides uninotatus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Record from Persian Gulf needs verification. Habitat: marine.

unitaeniatus, Apogon Allen [G. R.] 1995:177, Fig. 1 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 17 (pt 2); ref. 21934] Off the northeastern portion of the Bonaparte Archipelago, 14°00'S, 124°45'E, Western Australia, depth 12-60 meters. Holotype: AMS I.20402-036. Paratypes: AMS I.20402-055 (1); NTM S.13706-007 (15), S.13707-002 (9), S.13711-008 (60), S.13721-006 (1), S.13723-003 (3), S.17332-001 (1), S.13735-011 (1), S.13813-001 (1); WAM P.30743-001 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:26 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon unitaeniatus Allen 1995 -- (Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:357 [ref. 23967], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1097 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus unitaeniatus (Allen 1995) -- (Larson et al. 2013:113 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426] with genus uncertain, Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:97 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus unitaeniatus (Allen 1995). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: northern Western Australia and Northern Territory (Australia). Habitat: marine.

urospilotus, Gymnapogon Lachner [E. A.] 1953:494, Fig. 83 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202 (v. 1); ref. 17482] Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 142404. Paratypes: FMNH 62607-08 (1, 1); USNM 112375-77 (1, 2, 1), 142405-07 (2, 1, 1), 142409-13 (1, 3, 2, 1, 1), 152925-26 [ex UW] (1, 2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:42 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gymnapogon urospilotus Lachner 1953 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:150 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:555 [ref. 12442], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Randall et al. 1997:510 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:133 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:777 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:777 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:201 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1104 [ref. 29004], Allen & Erdmann 2012:382 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:72 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Fraser 2016:431 [ref. 34421]). Current status: Valid as Gymnapogon urospilotus Lachner 1953. Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan and New Guinea east to Marshall Islands, Society Islands, and Marquesas Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, Chesterfield Islands and Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia), and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

urostigma, Amia Bleeker [P.] 1874:51 [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 3) v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 5120] Singapore. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5604. Figured in Bleeker 1875:Pl. 353 (Perc. Pl. 69) [ref. 4862]. •Valid as Ostorhinchus urostigmus (Bleeker 1874) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426]). •Valid as Pristiapogon urostigma (Bleeker 1874) -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:132 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pristiapogon urostigma (Bleeker 1874). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

vaiulae, Foa Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:249, Fig. 43 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 51734. •Valid as Foa vaiulae Jordan & Seale 1906 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:554 [ref. 12442], Anderson et al. 1998:23 [ref. 23611], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847]). •Valid as Fowleria vaiulae (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:151 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:132 [ref. 23965], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:36 [ref. 26750], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:200 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1102 [ref. 29004], Gon & Bogorodsky 2010:35 [ref. 31049], Yoshida et al. 2011:119 [ref. 32402], Allen & Erdmann 2012:381 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:72 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:40 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2018:168 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:74 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:37 [ref. 37020], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:15 [ref. 36965] as F. vaiulae complex, Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Fowleria vaiulae (Jordan & Seale 1906). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Socotra, Persian Gulf, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands, Line Islands and Society Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

vanderbilti, Acanthapogon Fowler [H. W.] 1938:198, Pl. 8 (fig. 18) [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 2; ref. 1428] Kiritimati [formerly Christmas Island], Line Islands. Holotype: ANSP 68381. Paratypes: ANSP 68382-96 (15), USNM 107189 (5, 1 c&s). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:21 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Gymnapogon vanderbilti (Fowler 1938) -- (Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Randall 1999:14 [ref. 25829], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Gon & Golani 2002:348 [ref. 26497], Allen et al. 2006:1105 [ref. 29004], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426] with question, Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Mabuchi et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34429], Fraser 2016:431 [ref. 34421], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:75 [ref. 36965] as G. vanderbilti complex). Current status: Valid as Gymnapogon vanderbilti (Fowler 1938). Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

variegatus, Apogon Valenciennes [A.] 1832:55 [Nouvelles Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris) v. 1; ref. 17863] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN (lost). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:94 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Fowleria variegata (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Dor 1984:118 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:143 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:64 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:554 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:32 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:152 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Kuiter 1993:154 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:32 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:165 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:100 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:152 [ref. 23922], Myers 1999:132 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:235 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:733 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:755 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:755 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:37 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:69 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:201 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1103 [ref. 29004], Shibukawa 2009:109 [ref. 30449], Gon & Bogorodsky 2010:28 [ref. 31049], Yoshida et al. 2010:54 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:112 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:381 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:110 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:72 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:40 [ref. 34429], Koeda et al. 2016:32 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:169 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:74 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:10 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:37 [ref. 37020], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:13 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Fowleria variegata (Valenciennes 1832). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Aldabra, Madagascar, Mauritius (Mascarenes) and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, Tonga and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

variegatus, Apogon Fourmanoir [P.] & Crosnier [A.] 1964:5, Fig. 2 [Cahiers O. R. S. T. O. M. (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer) Série Océanographie No. 6 (1963); ref. 5568] Nosy Be [Nossi-Bé] Island, Madagascar. Syntypes: MNHN 1973-0042 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:64 [ref. 12478], Fricke et al. 2018:169 [ref. 35805]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Apogon variegatus Valenciennes 1832. •Synonym (and homonym) of Fowleria variegata (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Fricke et al. 2018:169 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Fowleria variegata (Valenciennes 1832). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

velum, Gymnapogon Fraser [T. H.] 2019:90, Figs. 1-6 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 32; ref. 36720] Rowley Shelf, North West Shelf, Western Australia, 19.95°S 116.55°E, depth 63-64 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H8279-01. Paratype: CSIRO H6743-02 (1). •Valid as Gymnapogon velum Fraser 2019 -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:75 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Gymnapogon velum Fraser 2019. Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: northern Western Australia; Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

ventrifasciatus, Apogon Allen [G. R.], Kuiter [R. H.] & Randall [J. E.] 1994:35, Fig. 7 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 21 (nos 1-2); ref. 21602] Lagoon off Tab Island, Madang, Papua New Guinea, about 5°10'S, 145°51'E, depth 30 meters. Holotype: WAM P.30351-001. Paratypes: BPBM 30132 (2), 34085 (5), 34136 (7); NCIP 6119-20 (2); WAM P.25244-011 (1), P.30351-002 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:26 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon ventrifasciatus Allen, Kuiter & Randall 1994 -- (Hayashi & Yano 1996:48 [ref. 24614], Allen 1997:108 [ref. 23977], Fraser 1999:43 [ref. 23767], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:768 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Nakabo 2002:768 [ref. 26001]). •Synonym of Apogon moluccensis Valenciennes 1832 -- (Fraser et al. 2002:176 [ref. 26401], Yoshida et al. 2010:40 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:108 [ref. 31256]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus moluccensis (Valenciennes 1832). Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus moluccensis (Valenciennes 1832). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

versicolor, Amia Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1911:257, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1853); ref. 14806] Cataingan Bay, Masbate, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 68401. Paratypes: (110) FAKU [ex USNM 112269] (3). First author is H. M. Smith. •Synonym of Siphamia tubifer Weber 1909 -- (Gon & Allen 2012:72 [ref. 31960], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742]). •Valid as Siphamia versicolor (Smith & Radcliffe 1911) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:144 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:558 [ref. 12442], Hayashi et al. 1994:2 [ref. 24343], Randall 1995:166 [ref. 22896], Kuiter 1997:150 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:511 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:133 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:751 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:102 [ref. 25868], Nakabo 2002:751 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:15 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:214 [ref. 28239], Randall et al. 2005:121 [ref. 28745], Allen et al. 2006:1109 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2010:58 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:114 [ref. 31256], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:145 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia versicolor (Smith & Radcliffe 2011). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Caroline Islands north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

victoriae, Apogon Günther [A.] 1859:243 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Victoria [actually Western Australia], Australia. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1858.12.27.32 (1, primary specimen). Also listed was Plate XV, fig. C, but on preface p. vi it is stated, "The Plates referred to, and executed by Mr. Ford, will be published as a separate volume." •Tentatively valid as Apogon victoriae Günther 1859 -- (Randall & Hoese 1988:363 [ref. 14264] and with remarks on the type locality, Paxton et al. 1989:551 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Apogon victoriae Günther 1859 -- (Kuiter 1997:142 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1097 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus victoriae (Günther 1859) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:116 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus victoriae (Günther 1859). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Rottnest Island (Western Australia) north to Northern Territory (Australia). Habitat: marine.

vinosus, Apogon Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:494 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Indian Ocean. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:95 [ref. 12478]. •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

virgulatus, Apogon Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1993:107, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 19 (no. 4) (1992); ref. 20888] South of Cleghorn Island, Kimberley District, about 14°22'S, 125°25'E, Western Australia, depth 6-7 meters. Holotype: WAM P.30312-021. Paratypes: AMS I.20904-031 (2 or 1), I.20923-005 (1), I.22701-012 (2); BPBM 31715 (1); USNM 321174 (4); WAM P.30312-015 (17), P.30402-001 (5). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:26 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Apogon cavitiensis [sic] (Jordan & Seale 1907) -- (Allen & Randall 1995:10 [ref. 21856], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Allen et al. 2006:1085 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus cavitiensis [sic] (Jordan & Seale 1907) based on generic placement of cavitiensis. Current status: Synonym of Ostorhinchus cavitensis (Jordan & Seale 1907). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

viria, Nectamia Fraser [T. H.] 2008:41, Figs. 3B, 6C, 7, 16, 18 [Zootaxa No. 1691; ref. 29471] Sangay Siapo Islands, Philippine Islands. Holotype: USNM 319149. Paratypes: ROM 54324 (14), USNM 344935 (136). Plus additional non-type specimens. Name is a noun in apposition. •Valid as Nectamia viria Fraser 2008 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:386 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:73 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], Fricke et al. 2019:133 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:175 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Nectamia viria Fraser 2008. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia and Indonesia east to Fiji, north to Philippines, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

viridiventer, Zoramia Greenfield [D. W.], Langston [R. C.] & Randall [J. E.] 2005:631, Figs. 1E, 4-6 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 56 (no. 33); ref. 28488] Lagoon side of Pig Island (Tab Island), Madang Province, Papua New Guinea, depth 17 meters. Holotype: BPBM 32507. Paratypes: AMS I.17086-009 (10), 18272-002 (1), 20976-008 (10), 43600-001 (3); BMNH 2005.5.10.1-3 (3); BPBM 8071 (35), 9699 (4), 15627 (11), 15684 (1), 19220 (4), 39077 (2); CAS 222277 (10), 22278 (8); NSMT-P 70846 (3); SAIAB 75547 (3). •Valid as Zoramia viridiventer Greenfield, Langston & Randall 2005 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:418 [ref. 31980] as virdiventer, Fricke et al. 2014:80 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:47 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2019:141 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:186 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Zoramia viridiventer Greenfield, Langston & Randall 2005. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia and Indonesia east to Marshall Islands and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

vittiger, Apogon Bennett [E. T.] 1833:32 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1833 (pt 1); ref. 16786] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:228 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Tentatively a synonym of Apogon fraenatus Valenciennes 1832 -- (Fraser & Lachner 1985:24 [ref. 4215]). •Synonym of Apogon fraenatus Valenciennes 1832 -- (Fricke 1999:227 [ref. 24106]). •Synonym of Pristiapogon fraenatus (Valenciennes 1832) based on generic placement of frenatus. Current status: Synonym of Pristiapogon fraenatus (Valenciennes 1832). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

waikiki, Apogonichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:179 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Coral rocks in front of Waikiki, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50639. •Synonym of Apogonichthys perdix Bleeker 1854 -- (Randall 1998:35 [ref. 23433], Randall 2005:196 [ref. 28239] with question, Mundy 2005:356 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:213 [ref. 30952]). •Status uncertain in Apogonichthys -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426]). •Valid as Apogonichthys waikiki Jordan & Evermann 1903 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:144 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:756 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:756 [ref. 26001], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:7 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogonichthys waikiki Jordan & Evermann 1903. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands (U. S. A.). Habitat: marine.

warreni, Apogon Regan [C. T.] 1908:251, Pl. 42 (fig. 1) [Annals of the Natal Museum v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 14355] Kosi Bay, Zululand, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1906.11.19.50. •Synonym of Apogon semiornatus Peters 1876 -- (Gon 1986:552 [ref. 5657]). Current status: Synonym of Apogon semiornatus Peters 1876. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

wassinki, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1860:257 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 22 (no. 3-6); ref. 383] Kupang, Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5603. •Valid as Apogon wassinki Bleeker 1860 -- (Randall & Kulbicki 1998:31 [ref. 23411], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1097 [ref. 29004]). •Valid as Ostorhinchus wassinki (Bleeker 1860) -- (Randall 2005:208 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:405 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:107 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus wassinki (Bleeker 1860). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocan, western Pacific: Malaysia and Indonesia east to Philippines, south to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

waterhousii, Vincentia Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:245 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] St. Vincent Gulf, South Australia. Syntypes: NMV 51865 [=A11773] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:97 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Vincentia chrysura (Ogilby 1889) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:558 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Vincentia conspersa (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:570 [ref. 22532], Allen et al. 2006:1110 [ref. 29004], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:18 [ref. 36965] as form waterhousi). Current status: Synonym of Vincentia conspersa (Klunzinger 1872). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

wichmanni, Apogon Weber [M.] 1907:248, Pl. 12 (fig. 3) [Süsswasserfische von Neu-Guinea v. 5 (Zool.) pt 2; ref. 4599] Lake Sentani, Sekanto, Moso and Tawarin River, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Syntypes: (34) ?BMNH 1913.12.15.14 (1); FMNH 52389 [ex CM 645] (1); RMNH 7987 (2); SMF 12139 [ex ZMA] (1); USNM 177673 (6, 1 c&s), 177677 (3); ZMA 101335 -38 (5, 8, 1, 2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:86 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:10 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Glossamia wichmanni (Weber 1907) -- (Allen 1991:134 [ref. 21090], Mabuchi et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:68 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Glossamia wichmanni (Weber 1907). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Northern New Guinea: West Papua (Indonesia) and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

wilsoni, Amia Fowler [H. W.] 1918:22, Fig. 10 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 70; ref. 1396] Philippines. Holotype (unique): ANSP 47505. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:21 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon wilsoni (Fowler 1918) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Valid as Ostorhinchus wilsoni (Fowler 1918) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:201 [ref. 33426]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus wilsoni (Fowler 1918). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

woodi, Adenapogon McCulloch [A. R.] 1921:132, 134, Pl. 21 (fig. 3) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 13 (no. 4); ref. 2945] Rose Bay, Sydney Harbor, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.15251. Paratypes: AMS I.7517 (1), I.15252-53 (49, 4) •Valid as Siphamia woodi (McCulloch 1921) -- (Allen 1999:2608 [ref. 24812]). •Synonym of Siphamia cephalotes (Castelnau 1875) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:557 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1108 [ref. 29004], Gon & Allen 2012:26 [ref. 31960]). Current status: Synonym of Siphamia cephalotes (Castelnau 1875). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

xenica, Neamia Fraser [T. H.] 2010:154, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 123 (no. 2); ref. 30912] Kiribatim Kiritimati Atoll, Line Islands, depth 93 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 40237. •Valid as Neamia xenica Fraser 2010 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:17 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Neamia xenica Fraser 2010. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Line Islands (Kiribati). Habitat: marine.

xenus, Apogon Böhlke [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.] 1968:197, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 120 (no. 4); ref. 7874] Between Periwinkle Rocks and Rose Island, off Nassau, Great Bahama Bank, Bahamas, depth 15-19 feet. Holotype: ANSP 98391. Paratypes: ANSP 98392-97 (1, 1, 1, 3, 2, 1); LACM 4895 (1), 6834-1 (4); MBUCV-V-2695 (3); MNHN 1971-0044 [ex UF 11851] (1); RMNH 24780 (2); MOBR-EDIMAY-P- 876 (4); SMF 4049 (1); UF 11809 (1), 11827 (1), 11851 (5, now 4), 13966 (1), 204916 [ex UMML 4916] (2), 208490 [ex UMML 8490] (1); UPRM 1738-39 (1, 3), 1762 (3), 2118 (1), 2147 (5); USNM 198008 (2), 198161 (1). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:115 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:21 [ref. 13621], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:64 [ref. 12478], Provenzano et al. 1998:3 [ref. 24196], Lasso et al. 1999:108 [ref. 33859]. •Valid as Phaeoptyx xenus (Böhlke & Randall 1968) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:153 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:127 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1993:29 [ref. 24474], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:159 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:109 [ref. 26784], Gon 2003:1391 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:139 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:234 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2009:6 [ref. 30053], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:46 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:43 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Phaeoptyx xenus (Böhlke & Randall 1968). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

yaeyamaensis, Apogon frenatus Aoyagi [H.] 1943:79, Fig. 19 [Coral fishes. Part 1; ref. 17936] Ishigaki Island, Ishigaki City, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Lectotype: YCM 4349-1 [ex Okada spec. no. 4110]. Paralectotypes: YCM-P 4349-2 (1). Type catalog: Shibata et al. 2011:14 [ref. 31469]. Type information: Hayashi 1995:15 [ref. 22717]. Description based on one specimen, one additional specimen mentioned. Lectotype selected by Hayashi 1995:15 [ref. 22717]. •Synonym of Apogon kallopterus Bleeker 1856 -- (Fraser & Lachner 1985:8 [ref. 5215]). •Synonym of Pristiapogon kallopterus (Bleeker 1856). Current status: Synonym of Pristiapogon kallopterus (Bleeker 1856). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

yamato, Ostorhinchus Yoshida [T.], Hayashi [M.] & Motomura [H.] 2018:231, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Research v. 66 (no. 2); ref. 36265] 1 km south-west of Kawajiri Fishing Port, Kaimon-kawajiri, Ibusuki, Kagoshima, Japan, 31°10′N, 130°32′E, depth 40 meters. Holotype: KAUM-I 19036. Paratypes: BSKU, FAKU, KAUM, YCM. •Valid as Ostorhinchus yamato Yoshida, Hayashi & Motomura 2018 -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:99 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Ostorhinchus yamato Yoshida, Hayashi & Motomura 2018. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

yamba, Foa Fraser [T. H.] 2014:172, Figs. 4-6 [Zootaxa 3878 (no. 2); ref. 33548] New South Wales, Yamba, Iluka Marina, along rock shore, 29.41750°S, 153.35550°E, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.41858-037. Paratypes: AMS. •Valid as Foa yamba Fraser 2014 -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:10 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Foa yamba Fraser 2014. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: brackish.

zaribae, Siphamia Whitley [G. P.] 1959:323 [Australian Zoologist v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 4729] Heron Island, Capricorn Group, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.4129. Paratypes: AMS IB.4232 (1). •Synonym of Siphamia majimai Matsubara & Iwai 1958 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:557 [ref. 12442] as majimae, Gon & Allen 2012:52 [ref. 31960], Allen & Erdmann 2012:414 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Siphamia zaribae Whitley 1959 -- (Allen et al. 2006:1109 [ref. 29004], Larson et al. 2013:114 [ref. 32988], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:145 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Siphamia zaribae Whitley 1959. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Lizard and Heron islands (Queensland, Australia). Habitat: marine.

zebrinus, Apogon Fraser [T. H.], Randall [J. E.] & Lachner [E. A.] 1999:2, Figs. 1-2 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 63; ref. 24562] North of Râs Burqa, Egypt, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, depth 0-10 meters. Holotype: USNM 213422. Paratypes: BPBM 19741 (2), 27417 (1), 30388 (4), 31807 [ex USNM 213424] (4); TAU [= SMNHTAU] 9672 (1); USNM 213421 (15), 213423 (1), 341635 (4). Type catalog: Golani 2006:26 [ref. 28840] with paratypes as HUJ 11984 (2) and 12007 (6). •Valid as Apogon zebrinus Fraser, Randall & Lachner 1999 -- (Gon & Randall 2003:27 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Nectamia zebrinus (Fraser, Randall & Lachner 1999) -- (Fraser 2008:44 [ref. 29471], Mabuchi et al. 2014:202 [ref. 33426], DiBattista et al. 2015:21 [ref. 35706]). •Valid as Nectamia zebrina (Fraser, Randall & Lachner 1999) -- (Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:76 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:174 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Nectamia zebrina (Fraser, Randall & Lachner 1999). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

zeylonicus, Apogon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:491 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8756. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:64 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Archamia macroptera (Cuvier 1828) -- (Gon & Randall 2003:37 [ref. 27133]). •Synonym of Taeniamia macroptera (Cuvier 1828). Current status: Synonym of Taeniamia macroptera (Cuvier 1828). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

zonata, Pseudamia Randall [J. E.], Lachner [E. A.] & Fraser [T. H.] 1985:17, Pl. 1 (fig. d); Figs. 5-6 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 6; ref. 9188] Cave off Tambuli Beach Hotel, east side of Mactan Island, Cebu, Philippines, depth 30.5 meters. Holotype: BPBM 28501. Paratypes: AMS I.25008-001 (1); BMNH 1985.1.28.7 (1); BPBM 15647 (1), 29206 (1), 30350 (1); CAS 56171 (1); USNM 228989-90 (1, 2); WAM P.27493-001 (2). •Valid as Pseudamia zonata Randall, Lachner & Fraser 1985 -- (Randall & Ida 1993:12 [ref. 20715], Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:134 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:778 [ref. 25086], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:218 [ref. 25191], Nakabo 2002:778 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830] as zonatus, Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495] as zonatus, Randall 2005:212 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:409 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:203 [ref. 33426], Allen et al. 2015:64 [ref. 33754], Mabuchi et al. 2015:40 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2019:138 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:190 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Pseudamia zonata Randall, Lachner & Fraser 1985. Apogonidae: Pseudamiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and Papua New Guinea east to Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

zonatus, Cheilodipterus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe [L.] 1912:443, Pl. 38 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1868); ref. 3576] South end of Rita Island, Ulugan Bay, Palawan, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 70253. Paratypes: (1). •Valid as Cheilodipterus zonatus Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:553 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:150 [ref. 15987], Gon 1993:54 [ref. 21133], Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Allen & Erdmann 2012:378 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:71 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:65 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Cheilodipterus zonatus Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia, Indonesia to Philippines and Solomon Islands, north to Sabah (Malaysia). Habitat: marine.

zosterophorus, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1856:36 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 1 (6); ref. 352] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 5600. Paralectotypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. Lectotype selected by Gon & Randall 2003:37 [ref. 27133] •Valid as Archamia zosterophora (Bleeker 1856) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:149 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:552 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:149 [ref. 15987], Chen & Shao 1993:783 [ref. 21016], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:106 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:149 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:130 [ref. 23965], Randall & Satapoomin 1999:1 [ref. 24151], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:758 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:101 [ref. 25868], Motomura et al. 2001:5 [ref. 25181], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:758 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:44 [ref. 27133], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:66 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1099 [ref. 29004], Suresh & Thomas 2007:106 [ref. 36441], Allen & Erdmann 2012:374 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Taeniamia zosterophora (Bleeker 1856) -- (Fraser 2013:22 [ref. 32894], Fricke et al. 2014:79 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Fraser & Prokofiev 2016:229 [ref. 34742], Fricke et al. 2019:140 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:50 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Taeniamia zosterophora (Bleeker 1856). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Java (Indonesia) east to Yap (Micronesia) and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia and Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

zuluensis, Apogonichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1934:424, Fig. 10 [Annals of the Natal Museum v. 7 (pt 3); ref. 16422] St. Lucia Lake, 20 miles up, Zululand, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Holotype: ANSP 53447. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:21 [ref. 13621]. •Mention -- (Dor 1984:116 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Foa brachygramma (Jenkins 1903) -- (Gon 1986:5556 [ref. 5657]). •Putative synonym of Foa madagascariensis Petit 1931 -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:11 [ref. 36965]). •Valid as Foa zuluensis (Fowler 1934) -- (Fraser & Randall 2011:2 [ref. 31459], Fricke et al. 2018:167 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Foa zuluensis (Fowler 1934). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.