Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Aracanidae: [ 26 ] records


aculeatus, Ostracion cubicus Houttuyn [M.] 1782:346 [Verhandelingen der Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen, Haarlem v. 20 (pt 2); ref. 2220] Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Kyūshū, Japan. No types known. See Boeseman 1995:6 [ref. 21811]. •Valid as Kentrocapros aculeatus (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:361 [ref. 6441], Matsuura in Okamura et al. 1985:631, 745 [ref. 8056], Lindberg et al. 1997:98 [ref. 23547], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1413 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1413 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:452, 695 [ref. 26218], Armesto et al. 2003:779 [ref. 27030], Shinohara et al. 2005:444 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:530 [ref. 28379], Matsuura 2006:273 [ref. 29182], Randall 2007:483 [ref. 30952], Shinohara et al. 2011:58 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al. 2014:279 [ref. 33330], Matsuura 2014:15 [ref. 33576]). Current status: Valid as Kentrocapros aculeatus (Houttuyn 1782). Aracanidae. Distribution: Western and central North Pacific: East China Sea, Japan, Ogasawara Islands, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

amoena, Aracana Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:207 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: (2). •Incertae sedis -- (Allen et al. 2006:1909 [ref. 29090]). Aracanidae. Habitat: marine.

amygdaloides, Anoplocapros Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1941:308, Fig. 1 B [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 8 (no. 46); ref. 13238] Australia. Holotype: BMNH 1845.7.3.118 (stuffed). Additional material: ?AMS IB.2359 (1), BMNH uncat. (2). •Valid as Anoplocapros amygdaloides Fraser-Brunner 1941 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:893 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:406 [ref. 25488], Allen et al. 2006:1902 [ref. 29090], Matsuura 2008:843 [ref. 30661], Matsuura 2014:15 [ref. 33576], Hoschke et al. 2019:161 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Anoplocapros amygdaloides Fraser-Brunner 1941. Aracanidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, South Australia. Habitat: marine.

angustata, Aracana spilogaster var. McCulloch [A. R.] & Waite [E. R.] 1915:488, Pl. 23 [Transactions Royal Society of South Australia v. 39; ref. 2949] Bass Strait, east of Flinders Island, Simplon station 3, Australia, depth 80-140 fathoms. Syntypes: (2) SAMA F166 (1). Type catalog: Glover 1976:175 [ref. 19449]. •Synonym of Aracana aurita (Shaw 1798) -- (Allen et al. 2006:1904 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Aracana aurita (Shaw 1798). Aracanidae. Habitat: marine.

auritus, Ostracion Shaw [G.] in Shaw & Nodder 1798:no page number, Pl. 338 [The Naturalist's Miscellany; ref. 4013] Islands of Pacific [probably Tasmania, Australia]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2007.10.26.1 (mounted, stuffed). •Valid as Aracana aurita (Shaw 1798) -- (Kuiter 1993:411 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:898 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:404 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1904 [ref. 29090], Matsuura 2008:846 [ref. 30661], Matsuura 2014:15 [ref. 33576], Hoschke et al. 2019:161 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Aracana aurita (Shaw 1798). Aracanidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: New South Wales to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

eco, Ostracion Phillipps [W. J.] 1932:233 [The New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology v. 13 (no. 4); ref. 16393] Pahia, Bay of Islands, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.903. Replacement name for Ostracion hexagonus Phillipps 1927, preoccupied by Ostracion hexagonus Thunberg 1787. •Valid as Kentrocapros eco (Phillipps 1932) -- (Matsuura in Amaoka et al. 1990:332 [ref. 16024], Armesto et al. 2003:779 [ref. 27030], Matsuura 2014:15 [ref. 33576], Stewart & Roberts 2015:1726 [ref. 34322]). •Not treated in Matsuura 2006 [ref. 29182]. Current status: Valid as Kentrocapros eco (Phillipps 1932). Aracanidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

flavigaster, Ostracion (Aracana) Gray [J. E.] 1838:110 [Annals of Natural History, or Magazine of Zoology, Botany, and Geology v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 1884] Circular Head, Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1838.1.15.37-38 (1, 1, stuffed). •Synonym of Aracana ornata (Gray 1838) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:900 [ref. 22532], Allen et al. 2006:1904 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Aracana ornata (Gray 1838). Aracanidae. Habitat: marine.

flavofasciata, Aracana Kamohara [T.] 1938:44, Fig. 23 [On the offshore bottom-fishes of Prov. Tosa; ref. 2551] Urado, Kochi, Japan. Holotype (unique): lost in 1945. Kamohara "neotype": BSKU 3692 from Oshima, Ehime Pref., Japan. Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:6 [ref. 19282], but neotype designation was not made in a revisory work and is invalid. "Neotype" designation: Kamohara 1961:6 [ref. 19282], but neotype designation was not made in a revisory work and is invalid. •Valid as Kentrocapros flavofasciatus (Kamohara 1938) -- (Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:361 [ref. 6441], Matsuura & Tyler 1997:195 [ref. 23219], Lindberg et al. 1997:96 [ref. 23547], Nakabo 2000:1413 [ref. 25182], Matsuura 2001:3952 [ref. 26317], Nakabo 2002:1413 [ref. 26193], Armesto et al. 2003:779 [ref. 27030], Ikeda 2003:2 [ref. 27351], Allen et al. 2006:1905 [ref. 29090], Matsuura 2006:273 [ref. 29182], Matsuura 2014:15 [ref. 33576], Kim & Kim 2017:590 [ref. 36307]). Current status: Valid as Kentrocapros flavofasciatus (Kamohara 1938). Aracanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South China Sea east to Philippines and New Caledonia, north to southern Korea and Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

gibbosus, Anoplocapros McCulloch [A. R.] & Waite [E. R.] 1915:480, Pl. 18 [Transactions Royal Society of South Australia v. 39; ref. 2949] South Australia. Holotype: AMS E.972. Paratypes: (should be 3) AMS I.10400 (1), E.743 (1); SAMA F165 (1), F248 (2). Type catalog: Glover 1976:175 [ref. 19449]. •Synonym of Anoplocapros lenticularis (Richardson 1841) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:897 [ref. 22532], Allen et al. 2006:1903 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Anoplocapros lenticularis (Richardson 1841). Aracanidae. Habitat: marine.

grayi, Acerana Kaup [J. J.] 1855:221 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 21 (pt. 1); ref. 2571] Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1846.6.11.4. •Synonym of Anoplocapros lenticularis (Richardson 1841) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:897 [ref. 22532], Allen et al. 2006:1903 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Anoplocapros lenticularis (Richardson 1841). Aracanidae. Habitat: marine.

gymnura, Caprichthys McCulloch [A. R.] & Waite [E. R.] 1915:482, Pl. 19 [Transactions Royal Society of South Australia v. 39; ref. 2949] Southwestern Australia. Holotype: AMS E.2303. Paratypes: (3) AMS E.2302 (1), I.12299 (1). •Valid as Caprichthys gymnura McCulloch & Waite 1915 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:900 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1904 [ref. 29090], Matsuura 2008:848 [ref. 30661], Hoschke et al. 2019:161 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Caprichthys gymnura McCulloch & Waite 1915. Aracanidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, South Australia. Habitat: marine.

hexagonus, Ostracion Phillipps [W. J.] 1927:134, Pl. 8 (fig. 9) [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 58 (pts 1-2); ref. 15816] Beach north of Pahia, Bay of Islands, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): NMNZ P.903 (dry). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:14 [ref. 18942]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Ostracion hexagonus Thunberg 1787, replaced by Ostracion eco Phillipps 1932. •Synonym of Kentrocapros eco (Phillipps 1932) Current status: Synonym of Kentrocapros eco (Phillipps 1932). Aracanidae. Habitat: marine.

hexagonus, Ostracion Thunberg [C. P.] 1787:30, footnote 9 [Museum naturalium Academiae Upsaliensis. ... Praesidae; ref. 17911] Japan. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. See also Thunberg 1792:29 [ref. 17912]. •Synonym of Kentrocapros aculeatus (Houttuyn 1792) -- (Armesto et al. 2003:779 [ref. 27030]). Current status: Synonym of Kentrocapros aculeatus (Houttuyn 1782). Aracanidae. Habitat: marine.

inermis, Strophiurichthys Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1935:318 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 16 (no. 92); ref. 1490] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: BMNH 1890.9.23.251. Paratypes: BMNH 1869.6.7.6 (1), 1890.9.23.252 (1). •Valid as Anoplocapros inermis (Fraser-Brunner 1935) -- (Kuiter 1993:412 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:895 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:404 [ref. 25488], Allen et al. 2006:1903 [ref. 29090], Matsuura 2008:844 [ref. 30661], Matsuura 2014:15 [ref. 33576]). Current status: Valid as Anoplocapros inermis (Fraser-Brunner 1935). Aracanidae. Distribution: Indo Pacific. Habitat: marine.

lenticularis, Ostracion Richardson [J.] 1841:21 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1841 (pt 9); ref. 18626] Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1845.1.3.118 (1, skin), 1852.10.6.1 (1, skin). Also described in Richardson 1844:158 [ref. 20295]. •Valid as Anoplocapros lenticularis (Richardson 1841) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:896 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:404 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1903 [ref. 29090], Matsuura 2008:845 [ref. 30661], Matsuura 2014:15 [ref. 33576], Hoschke et al. 2019:161 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Anoplocapros lenticularis (Richardson 1841). Aracanidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

lineata, Ostracion (Aracana) Gray [J. E.] 1838:110 [Annals of Natural History, or Magazine of Zoology, Botany, and Geology v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 1884] Circular Head, Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH (2, skins, not seen). •Synonym of Aracana aurita (Shaw 1798) -- (Allen et al. 2006:1904 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Aracana aurita (Shaw 1798). Aracanidae. Habitat: marine.

ornata, Ostracion (Aracana) Gray [J. E.] 1838:110 [Annals of Natural History, or Magazine of Zoology, Botany, and Geology v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 1884] Circular Head, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1838.1.15.36. •Valid as Aracana ornata (Gray 1838) -- (Kuiter 1993:412 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:899 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:404 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1904 [ref. 29090], Matsuura 2008:847 [ref. 30661], Matsuura 2014:15 [ref. 33576]). Current status: Valid as Aracana ornata (Gray 1838). Aracanidae. Distribution: Australia: Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

robustus, Strophiurichthys Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1941:310, Fig. 2 B [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 8 (no. 46); ref. 13238] Australia. Holotype: BMNH 1862.10.23.6. Paratypes: AMS (2), BMNH 1871.3.29.15 (1). •Valid as Strophiurichthys robustus Fraser-Brunner 1941 -- (Smith 1986:893 [ref. 5712]). •Valid as Anoplocapros robustus (Fraser-Brunner 1941) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:895 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847]). •Synonym of Anoplocapros inermis (Fraser-Brunner 1935) -- (Allen et al. 2006:1903 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Anoplocapros inermis (Fraser-Brunner 1935). Aracanidae. Habitat: marine.

rosapinto, Aracanostracion Smith [J. L. B.] 1949:355, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 2 (no. 17) (art. 30); ref. 4078] Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MHNMM. •Valid as Kentrocapros rosapinto (Smith 1949) -- (Smith 1986:891 [ref. 5712], Collette & Parin 1991:16 [ref. 19110], Matsuura & Tyler 1997:195 [ref. 23219], Lindberg et al. 1997:97 [ref. 23547], Fricke 1999:596 [ref. 24106], Armesto et al. 2003:779 [ref. 27030], Matsuura 2006:273 [ref. 29182], Matsuura 2014:15 [ref. 33576]). Current status: Valid as Kentrocapros rosapinto (Smith 1949). Aracanidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic: Vema Seamount; western Indian Ocean: East Africa to Walters Shoal and Mascarene Ridge north to Mauritius (Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

spilogaster, Ostracion Richardson [J.] 1840:27 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1840 (pt 8, no. 87); ref. 3733] Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia, southwestern Pacific, ca. 43°09'S, 147°51'E. Holotype (unique): BMNH (whereabouts unknown). Also described in Richardson 1844:163, Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [ref. 20295]. •Synonym of Aracana aurita (Shaw 1798) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:898 [ref. 22532], Allen et al. 2006:1904 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Aracana aurita (Shaw 1798). Aracanidae. Habitat: marine.

spilonota, Aracana Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:626, Fig. 242 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Vicinity of Laysan Island, Leeward Islands, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3939, depth 59-163 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51630. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8575 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:144 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Kentrocapros aculeatus (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Mundy 2005:530 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Kentrocarpus spilonota (Gilbert 1905) -- (Matsuura 2006:273 [ref. 29182], Randall 2007:483 [ref. 30952], Matsuura 2014:15 [ref. 33576]). Current status: Valid as Kentrocapros spilonotus (Gilbert 1905). Aracanidae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

spinosissima, Aracana spilogaster var. McCulloch [A. R.] & Waite [E. R.] 1915:488, Pl. 22 [Transactions Royal Society of South Australia v. 39; ref. 2949] Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.1372. •Synonym of Aracana aurita (Shaw 1798) -- (Allen et al. 2006:1904 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Aracana aurita (Shaw 1798). Aracanidae. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Ostracion Shaw [G.] 1804:430 [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] Adventure Bay, Australia. No types known. Described from a drawing. •Synonym of Aracana aurita (Shaw 1798) -- (Allen et al. 2006:1904 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Aracana aurita (Shaw 1798). Aracanidae. Habitat: marine.

tobinii, Ostracion Donovan [E.] 1824:unnumbered page, Pl. 66 [The naturalist's repository v. 2 and 3 [1824]; ref. 17409] Van Diemen's Land. No types known. Original not seen. •Synonym of Aracana aurita (Shaw 1798) -- (Allen et al. 2006:1904 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Aracana aurita (Shaw 1798). Aracanidae. Habitat: marine.

tyleri, Polyplacapros Fujii [E.] & Uyeno [T.] 1979:4, Figs. 3-6 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 26 (no. 1); ref. 1516] Sea mount off eastern Australia, 33°04.0'S, 156°13.2'E, depth 132 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 18501. Paratypes: FSFL (1 ea.): ED164, EC179, ED320, ED400, ED408, EE450, ED484, EE540; NSMT-P 18502-03 (2); ZUMT 54171-72 (2, c&s), 54173-74 (2), 54175-76 (1, 1); plus additional specimens in table 3 but not in "Paratypes". •Valid as Polyplacapros tyleri Fujii & Uyeno 1979 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:244 [ref. 24556], Matsuura in Amaoka et al. 1990:333 [ref. 16024], Allen et al. 2006:1907 [ref. 29090], Matsuura 2014:15 [ref. 33576], Stewart & Roberts 2015:1729 [ref. 34322]). Current status: Valid as Polyplacapros tyleri Fujii & Uyeno 1979. Aracanidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

unistriata, Acerana (Capropygia) Kaup [J. J.] (ex Gray) 1855:220 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 21 (pt. 1); ref. 2571] No locality [probably southeastern Australia]. Syntypes: BMNH 1852.2.28.1-3 (3, skins). •Valid as Capropygia unistriata (Kaup 1855) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:901 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1905 [ref. 29090], Matsuura 2008:848 [ref. 30661], Matsuura 2014:15 [ref. 33576], Hoschke et al. 2019:161 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Capropygia unistriata (Kaup 1855). Aracanidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.