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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Ariidae: [ 354 ] records


aaldereni, Hemipimelodus Hardenberg [J. D. F.] 1936:367 [Treubia, Buitenzorg v. 15 (pt 4); ref. 13699] Middle course of Digul River, southern New Guinea. Holotype (unique): ZMA 110782. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:53 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Hemipimelodus macrorhynchus Weber 1913 -- (Desoutter 1977:13 [ref. 20628], Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860] with question). •Synonym of cf. Arius macrorhynchus (Weber 1913) -- (Kailola 2004:146 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Potamosilurus macrorhynchus (Weber 1913) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:102 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Hemipimelodus macrorhynchus Weber 1913 as incertae sedis in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Potamosilurus macrorhynchus (Weber 1913). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

acrocephalus, Arius Weber [M.] 1913:543, Figs. 20-21 [Süsswasserfische aus Niederländisch Süd- und Nord-Neu-Guinea v. 9 (livr. 4); ref. 4603] Bibis River, Regen Island, Alkmaar and Lorentz rivers, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Syntypes: AMNH 9514 [ex ZMA 111090] (1); ZMA 111087-90 (1, 2, 1, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:37 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius acrocephalus Weber 1913 -- (Roberts 1978:32 [ref. 8886], Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Arius latirostris Macleay 1883 -- (Allen 1991:53 [ref. 21090]). •Synonym of Ariopsis latirostris (Macleay 1883) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Neoarius latirostris (Macleay 1883) -- (Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155], Larson et al. 2013:39 [ref. 32988]). •Synonym of Potamosilurus latirostris (Macleay 1883) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:101 [ref. 29031]). Current status: Synonym of Potamosilurus latirostris (Macleay 1883). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

acutirostris, Arius Day [F.] 1877:459, Pl. 107 (fig. 1) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Salween River at Moulmein, Myanmar. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7733 (1, non-type) Irrawady; BMNH 1870.6.14.34 (1); NMW 44358 (1), 48327 (1); ZMB 2735 (1); ZSI F454 (1), F500 (1), A.569 (13). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:158 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:294 [ref. 25110], Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tachysurus acutirostris (Day 1877) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800]). •Valid as Arius acutirostris Day 1877 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:699 [ref. 20764], Jayaram 2006:336 [ref. 28762], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:14 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as incertae sedis cf. Arius acutirostris Day 1877 -- (Kailola 2004:145 [ref. 28108]). •Incertae sedis in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Arius acutirostris Day 1877. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Salween River, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

acutus, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:41 [167] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1863.12.4.67 (1), RMNH 15975 (2), SMNS 10566 (4). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:7 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:13 [ref. 29864], Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:41 [ref. 313]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:72 [ref. 30423]. •Synonym of Arius argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 1999:1839 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Plicofollis argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:92 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plicofollis argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aeneus, Ariodes Sauvage [H.-E.] 1883:160 [17] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 7; ref. 3897] Singapore ["Ile Rafflès"]. Syntypes: MNHN A-5155 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:6 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]. On p. 17 of separate. •Synonym of Arius thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Kailola 1986:546 [ref. 6312], Kailola 1999:1865 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Netuma thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:80 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837) -- (Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aequibarbis, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:68 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Rangoon, Myanmar; Bengal. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-1200 (2) Bengal, B-0682 (1) Rangoon. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:5 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. See Kailola 1999:1859 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Nemapteryx caelatus (Valenciennes 1840) = Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Arius nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:19 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

africana, Arius falcarius var. Günther [A.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:114 [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Pangani River, Madagascar. Syntypes: BMNH 1865.9.21.16 (1), 1867.3.7.385-386 (2 skins), 1867.3.9.499 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius africanus Günther 1867 -- (Taylor 1986:153 [ref. 6195], Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Ng & Sparks 2003:15 [ref. 27207] with author as Boulenger 1911, Seegers et al. 2003:38 [ref. 28087] dated 1866, Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:14 [ref. 29031]). •Mention -- (Kailola 2004:146 [ref. 28108]). •Incertae sedis in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Arius africanus Günther 1867. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

agassizii, Tachisurus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1888:145 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 1249] Rio Grande do Sul [probably erroneous], Brazil. Holotype (unique): MCZ 7670. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been spelled Trachysurus. •Valid as Arius agassizii (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888) -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860] as agassizi). •Valid as Cathorops agassizii (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888) -- (Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:449 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:97 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:40 [ref. 29031] as agassizi, Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk 2007:368 [ref. 29509], Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008:42 [ref. 29576], Marceniuk et al. 2009:247 [ref. 30406], Marceniuk et al. 2012:91 [ref. 31865], Marceniuk et al. 2012:666 [ref. 32225], Marceniuk et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34763], Marceniuk et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35324]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops agassizii (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: French Guiana and north and northeastern Brazil: Brazil and French Guiana. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

ageneiosus, Batrachocephalus Bleeker [P.] 1846:52 [176] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846 [ref. 313]. See Kailola 1999:1875 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Batrachocephalus mino (Hamilton 1822) -- (Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860], Kailola 2004:130 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:34 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Batrachocephalus mino (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aguadulce, Galeichthys Meek [S. E.] 1904:9, Pl. 4 [Field Columbian Museum, Zoölogical Series v. 5; ref. 2958] Río Tesechocán at Pérez, Veracruz, Río Papaloapam basin, Mexico. Holotype (unique): FMNH 4678. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:36 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius aguadulce (Meek 1904) -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as "Cathorops" aguadulce (Meek 1904) -- (Miller 2006:170 [ref. 28615]). •Valid as Cathorops aguadulce (Meek 1904) -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:28 [ref. 22290], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:148 [ref. 24550], Acero P. 2003:837 [ref. 26998], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:449 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:83 [ref. 27807], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2005:54 [ref. 28341], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:16 [ref. 28815], Scharpf 2006:19 [ref. 30386], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:42 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Betancur-R. & Willink 2007:826 [ref. 29439], Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008:26 [ref. 29576], Marceniuk et al. 2009:246 [ref. 30406], Marceniuk et al. 2012:93 [ref. 31865], Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708], Marceniuk et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34763], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:344 [ref. 36407]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops aguadulce (Meek 1904). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Atlantic Slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

alatus, Arius Steindachner [F.] 1876:569 [19], Pl. 6 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 72 (1. Abth.); ref. 18772] Panama. Holotype (unique): MCZ 7725. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]. On p. 19 of separate. •Synonym of Selenaspis dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:886 [ref. 22829]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades hymenorrhinos (Bleeker 1862) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:144 [ref. 24550] as hymenorrhinus, Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Sciades dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades dowii (Gill 1863). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

albicans, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:461, Pl. 420 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Cayenne, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9350 (mounted). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:11 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155] •Synonym of Arius parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Acero P. 2003:842 [ref. 26998]). •Species inquirenda in Hexanematichthys Bleeker 1858 -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Sciades emphysetus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Sciades proops (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Betancur-R. 2008:827 [ref. 29950]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades proops (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

albidus, Pimelodus Spix [J. B. von] & Agassiz [L.] 1829:19, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] No locality stated. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155]. Name published in the synonymy of Pimelodus spixii but name apparently available from the plate caption according to Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155]. Preocccupied by Arius albidus Lesueur. •In the synonymy of Cathorops spixii (Spix & Agassiz 1829) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:449 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:97 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:45 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Cathorops spixii (Agassiz 1829). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

andamanensis, Arius Day [F.] 1871:699 [23] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1870 (pt 3); ref. 1078] Andaman Islands. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7931 (1, syntype), ZSI F1307 [or 307] (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:158 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:294 [ref. 25110], Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]. On p. 23 of separate. Kottelat (2013:249) indicates 2 species are represented; a neotype is needed. •Synonym of Arius thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) (in part, 1307) and synonym of Arius bilineatus (Valenciennes 1840) (in part, B.7931) -- (Kailola 1986:546 [ref. 6312], Kailola 1999:1842 [ref. 24732], Kailola 1999:1865 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym in part of Netuma bilineatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:79 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym in part of Netuma thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:80 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Netuma bilineata (Valenciennes 18400) -- (Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Netuma bilineata (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

angulatus, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:44 [170] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:44 [ref. 313]. See Kailola 1999:1854 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:18 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

arafurensis, Arius Hardenberg [J. D. F.] 1948:409 [Treubia, Buitenzorg v. 19 (pt 3); ref. 13056] Fish market, Dobo, Aru Islands, Indo-Australian Archipelago. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius proximus Ogilby 1898 -- (Kailola 1999:1861 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Netuma proximus (Ogilby 1898) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Brustiarius proximus (Ogilby 1898) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:35 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Netuma proxima (Ogilby 1898) -- (Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Netuma proxima (Ogilby 1898). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

arenarius, Bagrus (Ariodes) Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1849:9 [Horae Ichthyologicae No. 3; ref. 3073] China. Syntypes: ZMB 3001 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius arenarius (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Kailola 1999:1838 [ref. 24732], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Kottelat 2001:56 [ref. 25482], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:15 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155] as China only, Ng & Kottelat 2007:43 [ref. 29362], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989], Motomura et al. 2017:47 [ref. 35490], Grant 2020:31 [ref. 37638]). Current status: Valid as Arius arenarius (Müller & Troschel 1849). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: China, Vietnam and Philippines. Habitat: brackish, marine.

arenatus, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:106 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Suriname. Holotype (unique): RMNH 3099 (stuffed). Type information: Boeseman 1972:299 [ref. 19698]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155]. For locality information see Boeseman 1972:299 [ref. 19698]. •Valid as Arius arenatus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Cathorops arenatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639], Acero P. 2003:837 [ref. 26998], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:449 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2005:54 [ref. 28341], Marceniuk 2005:97 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:43 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk 2007:363 [ref. 29509], Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008:42 [ref. 29576], Marceniuk et al. 2009:248 [ref. 30406], Marceniuk et al. 2012:91 [ref. 31865], Marceniuk et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34763], Marceniuk et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35324], Costa et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35684]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops arenatus (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Atlantic coastal rivers from Guyana to northeastern Brazil: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname. Habitat: brackish, marine.

argenteus, Arius Lütken [C. F.] (ex Krøyer) 1874:211 [22] [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra den Naturhistoriske Forening i Kjøbenhavn, Aaret 1874 (nos 12-16); ref. 17564] Canton, China. Holotype: ZMUC P 29624 [ex 485]. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:49 [ref. 9588], Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]. On p. 22 of separate. •Species inquirenda -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:20 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:245 [ref. 32989]). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

argenteus, Pimelodus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:94, 102 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Suriname. Syntypes: ZMB 2692 (1), 8785 (1, right skin). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]. Unneeded new name for Silurus hertzbergii [herzbergii] Bloch. •Synonym of Hexanematichthys herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

argyropleuron, Arius Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:104 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 3041. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:65 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Arius argyropleuron Valenciennes 1840 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:218 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:79 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:243 [ref. 23210], Larson & Williams 1997:348 [ref. 23967], Kailola 1999:1839 [ref. 24732] as "Arius", Tan & Ng 1999:295 [ref. 24254], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122] as "Arius", Kailola 2000:127 [ref. 25113], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Ng 2003:10 [ref. 27208]). •Valid as Plicofollis argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:355 [ref. 28997], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:92 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155], Larson et al. 2013:40 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:45 [ref. 34464], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2015:24 [ref. 34319], Motomura et al. 2017:47 [ref. 35490], Marceniuk et al. 2017:[4] [ref. 35522]). Current status: Valid as Plicofollis argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific/South and southeast Asia; southern New Guinea and northern Australia: Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand. Habitat: brackish, marine.

arioides, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:440 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Bengal. Holotype (unique): MNHN. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108], Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

arioides, Bagrus Kner [R.] 1863:227, "Fig. 15" (unpublished) [Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München 1863, v. 2; ref. 5002] Bayano River, Panama. Holotype (unique): ZSM 273 [old collection] lost in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:266 [ref. 28925], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155]. Also appeared as new in Kner & Steindachner 1864:47 [ref. 2649]. Apparently independent of, and preoccupied by Bagrus arioides Valenciennes 1840; objectively invalid. •In the synonymy of Cathorops multiradiatus (Günther 1864) -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:881 [ref. 22829], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:449 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk 2007:40 [ref. 29324], Marceniuk et al. 2009:274 [ref. 30406]). Current status: Synonym of Cathorops multiradiatus (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

arius, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:170, 376 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Bengal estuaries, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:58 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Tachysurus arius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800]). •Valid as Arius arius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:700 [ref. 20764], Kailola 1999:1840 [ref. 24732], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:185 [ref. 25703], Kottelat 2001:56 [ref. 25482], Ng 2003:11 [ref. 27208], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Khan 2003:8 [ref. 27710], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Jayaram 2006:338 [ref. 28762], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:15 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:665 [ref. 32225], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989], Psomadakis et al. 2015:163 [ref. 34104], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:50 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:134 [ref. 36495], Psomadakis et al. 2020:306 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Arius arius (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Pakistan east to western Indonesia, north to Vietnam and southern China Habitat: brackish, marine.

armbrusteri, Notarius Betancur-R. [R.] & Acero P. [A.] 2006:50, Figs. 1B, 2-3 [Zootaxa No. 1249; ref. 28736] Fish market at Buenaventurads, Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Holotype: INVEMAR-PEC 6677. Paratypes: ICNMHN 14829 (1) (missing); INVEMAR-PEC 6678 (1); USNM 264834 (1, skeletonized), 292738 (1). Type catalog: Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:44 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Notarius armbrusteri Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2006 -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:82 [ref. 29031], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Ferraris 2007:440 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2017:276 [ref. 35197]). Current status: Valid as Notarius armbrusteri Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2006. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Valle del Cauca, (Pacific) Colombia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

armiger, Arius De Vis [C. W.] 1884:454 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 4); ref. 1089] New Britain [in error]. Syntypes: QM I.3088 (1), I.3039 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:46 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius armiger De Vis 1884 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:218 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Larson & Williams 1997:348 [ref. 23967], Kailola 1999:1841 [ref. 24732], Kailola 2000:130 [ref. 25113], Allen et al. 2000:48 [ref. 27467], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847]). •Valid as Nemapteryx armiger (De Vis 1884) -- (Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:354 [ref. 28997], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:75 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:46 [ref. 29155], Larson et al. 2013:38 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Nemapteryx armiger (De Vis 1884). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Northern Australia and central-southern New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

ascita, Silurus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:306 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] India. Syntypes: NRM LP 72 (4). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:222 [ref. 20707], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155] •Based on young, referable to Arius sp. -- (Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:222 [ref. 20707]). •Species inquirenda in Arius -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:20 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:245 [ref. 32989]). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: marine.

assimilis, Arius Günther [A.] 1864:146 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Lake Izabal [Yzabal], Guatemala. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.1.26.98. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius assimilis Günther 1864 -- (Villa 1982:114 [ref. 36708], Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:151 [ref. 27754], Miller 2006:167 [ref. 28615], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:16 [ref. 28815]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys assimilis (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Sciades assimilis (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:104 [ref. 29031], Matamoros et al. 2009:10 [ref. 31241], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225], Angulo et al. 2013:993 [ref. 33194]). •Valid as Ariopsis assimilis (Günther 1864) -- (Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:82 [ref. 22947], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:156 [ref. 24550], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002:10 [ref. 26521], Acero P. 2003:838 [ref. 26998], Smith et al. 2003:11 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:82 [ref. 27807], Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:348 [ref. 29268], Betancur-R. & Willink 2007:826 [ref. 29439], Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708], Marceniuk et al. 2017:4 [ref. 35431], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:344 [ref. 36407]). Current status: Valid as Ariopsis assimilis (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Southern North America, central America: western Caribbean Sea watersheds (Quintana Roo, Mexico south to northwestern Honduras). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

ater, Galeichthys Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:62 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Table Bay, Cape Town, South Africa. Neotype locality: Indian Ocean at Tsitsikamma Coastal Marine Park, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Neotype: RUSI 63803. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155]. Neotype selected by Kulongowski 2010:11-12 [ref. 30940]; two syntypes lost. •Valid as Arius ater (Castelnau 1861) -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Galeichthys ater Castelnau 1861 -- (Taylor 1986:157 [ref. 6195], Taylor 1986:212 [ref. 6282], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:113 [ref. 28072], Kailola 2004:136 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:62 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155], Acero-P. and Betancur-R. 2007:139 [ref. 29200], Kulongowski 2010:11 [ref. 30940], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2016:1749 [ref. 34564]). Current status: Valid as Galeichthys ater Castelnau 1861. Ariidae: Galeichthyinae. Distribution: South Africa: southern Atlantic and Indian Ocean localities. Habitat: marine.

atripinnis, Hemipimelodus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:145, Fig. 34 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Bangkok, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 67906. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:22 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Hemipimelodus bicolor Fowler 1935 -- (Desoutter 1977:11 [ref. 20628]). •Probable synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Kailola 1999:1854 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:18 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Arius bicolor (Fowler 1935) -- (Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

atroplumbeus, Trachysurus Fowler [H. W.] 1931:394, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 83; ref. 1410] Vessigny Beach, Brighton, Trinidad Island, West Indies. Holotype (unique): ANSP 53316. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:22 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius rugispinis Valenciennes 1840 -- (Acero P. 2003:842 [ref. 26998], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:96 [ref. 28718]). •Synonym of cf. Arius rugispinis Valenciennes 1840, genus uncertain -- (Kailola 2004:145 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Arius rugispinis Valenciennes 1840 as incertae sedis in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155]). •Possible synonym of Notarius rugispinis (Valenciennes 1840). Current status: Synonym of Notarius rugispinis (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

augustus, Arius Roberts [T. R.] 1978:36, Figs. 14, 20d [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 281; ref. 8886] Middle Fly River, Papua New Guinea, 6°32.5'S, 140°55.0'E. Holotype: AMS 27090-001 [ex USNM 217065]. Paratypes: AMS 22460-001 [ex USNM 277066] (1); KFRS F.4681.01 [ex USNM 217066] (1); USNM 217066 (orig. 2, now 1), 217067-68 (1, 2). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:6 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:46 [ref. 29155]. If the name augustus is an adjective, then the correct spelling when in Namapteryx is augusta. •Valid as Arius augustus Roberts 1978 -- (Roberts 1978:36 [ref. 8886], Allen 1991:51 [ref. 21090]). •Valid as Nemapteryx angustus (Roberts 1978) -- (Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:46 [ref. 29155] as augusta). •Valid as Neoarius augustus (Roberts 1978) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:76 [ref. 29031], Allen et al. 2008:52 [ref. 30265]). •Valid as Nemapteryx augusta (Roberts 1978). Current status: Valid as Nemapteryx augusta (Roberts 1978). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Fly-Strickland river system, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

aulometopon, Netuma Fowler [H. W.] 1915:204, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 67; ref. 1392] Suriname. Holotype: ANSP 8372. Paratypes: ANSP 8373-75 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:22 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]. •Status uncertain -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Species inquirenda in Arridae -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:453 [ref. 27061]). •Species inquirenda in Sciades -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:111 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

australis, Arius Günther [A.] 1867:103, Fig. [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 1) (art. 2) (for 24 Jan. 1867); ref. 1986] Hunter River near Ash Island, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1866.2.13.4 (1), 1866.6.19.7-8 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius graeffei Kner & Steindachner 1867 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:219 [ref. 12442], Kailola 1999:1849 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Ariopsis graeffei (Kner & Steindachner 1867) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:351 [ref. 28997]). •Synonym of Neoarius graeffei (Kner & Steindachner 1867) -- (Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Neoarius graeffei (Kner & Steindachner 1867). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

azureus, Galeichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Williams [T. M.] in Jordan 1895:398, Pl. 27 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 2394] Estuary at Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 11575 [mistakenly printed as 1575]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:41 [ref. 12291], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius guatemalensis Günther 1864 -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:868 [ref. 22829]). •Synonym of Ariopsis seemanni (Günther 1864) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:156 [ref. 24550] as seemani). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys guatemalensis (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades guatemalensis (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:107 [ref. 29031], Angulo et al. 2013:993 [ref. 33194]). •Synonym of Ariopsis guatemalensis (Günther 1864) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:155 [ref. 24550], Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2017:22 [ref. 35431]). Current status: Synonym of Ariopsis guatemalensis (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

bagre, Silurus Linnaeus [C.] 1766:505 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] In America meridionali (Central America, probably erroneous); Brazil. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:37 [ref. 29155]. Based on multiple sources including the 'Mystus cirris quatuor: lateralibus longissimis ...' of Gronow 1763:124 [ref. 1910], the 'Bagre' of Willughby 1686: Pl. H7, fig. 6 [ref. 30164], and the 'Bagre tertia' of Ray 1713:82 [ref. 30231]. •Valid as Bagre bagre (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Shimizu in Uyeno et al. 1983:159 [ref. 14275], Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860], Cervigón 1991:141 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:260 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:47 [ref. 24221], Le Bail et al. 2000:30 [ref. 24549], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002:10 [ref. 26521], Acero P. 2003:847 [ref. 26998], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192] dated 1758, Kailola 2004:129 [ref. 28108], Acero P. et al. 2005:129 [ref. 28551], Marceniuk 2005:96 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:26 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:37 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Catelani et al. 2014:931 [ref. 37496], Marceniuk et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35324], Spier et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Bagre bagre (Linnaeus 1766). Ariidae: Bagreinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Colombia to Amazon River mouth (Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana and Venezuela). Habitat: brackish, marine.

bagre, Stearopterus Minding [J.] 1832:116 [Lehrbuch der Naturgeschichte der Fische; ref. 3022] Apparently just a new genus for Bagre bagre of earlier authors; from North America. Current status: Synonym of Bagre bagre (Linnaeus 1766). Ariidae: Bagreinae.

bahiensis, Galeichthys Castelnau [F. L.] 1855:37, Pl. 18 (fig. 1) [Animaux nouveaux or rares v. 2; ref. 766] Bahia, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-0692. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:8 [ref. 19575]. •Synonym of Bagre marinus (Mitchill 1815) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:143 [ref. 24550], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:96 [ref. 28718]). Current status: Synonym of Bagre marinus (Mitchill 1815). Ariidae: Bagreinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

barbatus, Bagrus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:230, Pl. 49 (figs. 1-2) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Rio de la Plata, South America. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:97 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk 2005:113 [ref. 29379], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:65 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Fabiano et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33530], Litz & Koerber 2014:16 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:28 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

barbus, Pimelodus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:94, 102 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Tropical America. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155]. •Status uncertain -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Netuma barba (Lacepède 1803) -- (Higuchi et al. 1982:6 [ref. 11467], Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:84 [ref. 14235], Pequeño 1997:81 [ref. 23536], Sverlij et al. 1998:43 [ref. 27632], López et al. 2002:63 [ref. 26808], López et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:83 [ref. 28131]). •Valid as Guiritinga barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Kailola 2004:145 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192], Marceniuk 2005:97 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk 2005:113 [ref. 29379], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:65 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Koerber 2011:6 [ref. 31122], Marceniuk et al. 2012:667 [ref. 32225], Catelani et al. 2014:931 [ref. 37496], Koerber 2014:6 [ref. 33621], Litz & Koerber 2014:16 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:28 [ref. 35117], Petry et al. 2016:303 [ref. 34966], Nión et al. 2016:33 [ref. 35565], Spier et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36103], Marceniuk et al. 2019:434 [ref. 36658], Ribeiro et al. 2019:8 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: eastern Brazil south to Argentina. Habitat: brackish, marine.

belangerii, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:71 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Mumbai, India. Holotype: MNHN. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Plicofollis dussumieri (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989] with question, Marceniuk et al. 2017:[4] [ref. 35522]). Current status: Synonym of Plicofollis dussumieri (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

belizensis, Cathorops (Cathorops) Marceniuk [A. P.] & Betancur-R. [R.] 2008:29, Figs. 7-8 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 29576] Mangrove swamps at St. John's College, Belize City, Belize. Holotype: USNM 286399. Paratypes: FMNH 77783 (27), 95978 (52); USNM 385181 (9). •Valid as Cathorops belizensis Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008 -- (Marceniuk et al. 2012:93 [ref. 31865], Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops belizensis Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Western Caribbean Sea: Belize. Habitat: brackish, marine.

berneyi, Tachysurus (Pararius) Whitley [G. P.] 1941:9, Fig. 8 (no. 5) [Australian Zoologist v. 10 (pt 1); ref. 4701] Pools of Flinders River, near Hughenden and Richmond, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.13076. Paratypes: AMS I.13075 (1), I.8077-88 (12). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius berneyi (Whitley 1941) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:219 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Larson & Martin 1990:6 [ref. 16606], Allen 1991:51 [ref. 21090], Kailola 2000:137 [ref. 25113], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:70 [ref. 25930]). •Valid as Ariopsis berneyi (Whitley 1941) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:351 [ref. 28997]). •Valid as Neoarius berneyi (Whitley 1941) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:76 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155], Allen et al. 2008:53 [ref. 30265], Larson et al. 2013:38 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:21 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Neoarius berneyi (Whitley 1941). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Northern Australia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

bernhardi, Hemipimelodus Nichols [J. T.] 1940:3 [American Museum Novitates No. 1093; ref. 17241] Bernhard Camp, Idenburg River, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Holotype: AMNH 15039. Paratypes: AMNH 15040 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemipimelodus bernhardi Nichols 1940 -- (Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Arius solidus Herre 1935 -- (Kailola 1990:9 [ref. 19337], Allen 1991:55 [ref. 21090]). •Synonym of Brustiarius solidus (Herre 1935) -- (Kailola 2004:131 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:36 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Brustiarius solidus (Herre 1935). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bicolor, Hemipimelodus Fowler [H. W.] 1935:100, Fig. 23 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 87; ref. 13881] Bangkok, Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 60777. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:22 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemipimelodus bicolor Fowler 1935 -- (Desoutter 1977:19 [ref. 20628], Rainboth 1996:167 [ref. 22772]). •Probable synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Kailola 1999:1854 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:18 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). •Questionably valid as Arius bicolor (Fowler 1935) -- (Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Lower courses of Mekong and Chao Phrya River basins [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

biffi, Notarius Betancur-R. [R.] & Acero P. [A.] 2004:3, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 703; ref. 28008] High salanity esturay, Bahía La Uníon, El Salvador, 13°20'42"N, 87°49'07"W, depth 9 meters. Holotype: STRI 6674. Paratypes: STRI 5713 (3); UCR 2451-2 (2), 2452-3 (now 1, was 4), 2386-15 (3, was 5), 2387-023 (1, was 2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155], Angulo et al. 2015:378 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Hemiarius biffi (Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004) -- (based on placement of Notarius by Kailola 2004:136 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Notarius biffi Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004 -- (Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2006:54 [ref. 28736], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:82 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk et al. 2017:276 [ref. 35197]). Current status: Valid as Notarius biffi Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Costa Rica and El Salvador. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bilineatus, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:434 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Puducherry, India; Rangoon, Myanmar. Syntypes: MNHN A-9344 (1, mounted) Puducherry; Myanmar syntype lost. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:3 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837) -- (Taylor 1986:159 [ref. 6195]). •Valid as Arius bilineatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 1986:546 [ref. 6312], Paxton et al. 1989:219 [ref. 12442], Kottelat et al. 1993:79 [ref. 23448], Randall 1995:75 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:121 [ref. 23922], Kailola 1999:1842 [ref. 24732], Tan & Ng 1999:295 [ref. 24254], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Kailola 2000:127 [ref. 25113], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Ng 2003:10 [ref. 27208], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Netuma bilineatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:354 [ref. 28997], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:79 [ref. 29031], Coad 2010:224 [ref. 36620]). •Valid as Arius bilineatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Wang et al. 2005:423 [ref. 28263]). •Valid as Netuma bilineata (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:667 [ref. 32225], Larson et al. 2013:40 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2015:23 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2015:166 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:311 [ref. 36183], Jawad et al. 2018:99 [ref. 36262], Eagderi et al. 2019:130 [ref. 37020], Takahashi et al. 2019:1 [ref. 37057], Psomadakis et al. 2020:309 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:22 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Netuma bilineata (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman east to Philippines and Papua New Guinea, north to Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bleekeri, Arius Popta [C. M. L.] 1900:71 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 22 (nos 1-2); ref. 14737] Malay Archipelago. Syntypes: RMNH 6825 (4). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:46 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius bleekeri Popta 1900 -- (Kailola 1999:1843 [ref. 24732], Ng 2003:2 [ref. 27208]). •Questionably valid as Nemapteryx bleekeri (Popta 1900) -- (Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:46 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Cephalocassis bleekeri (Popta 1900) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:49 [ref. 29031]). •Valid as Nemapteryx bleekrei (Popta 1900) -- (Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Nemapteryx bleekeri (Popta 1900). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Indonesia and Malaysia. Habitat: brackish.

blochii, Galeichthys Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:44 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Suriname; Bahia, Brazil. Syntypes: ZMB 2989 (1, stuffed). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Bagre marinus (Mitchill 1815) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:96 [ref. 28718], Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Bagre marinus (Mitchill 1815). Ariidae: Bagreinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

blochii, Osteogeneiosus Bleeker [P.] 1846:51 [175] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:51 [ref. 313]. •Synonym of Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kailola 2004:141 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:87 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

boakeii, Arius Turner [W.] 1867:82 [Journal of Anatomy and Physiology v. 1 (no. 1, Nov. 1866); ref. 14101] Sri Lanka. Syntypes: BMNH 1866.7.11.1 [from Turner] (1), ?NMSZ 1987.030 (1). Type catalog: Herman et al. 1990:1-2 [ref. 20727], Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius arius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 1999:1840 [ref. 24732], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:15 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Arius arius (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bonillai, Galeichthys Miles [C.] 1945:454, Figs. 4-4a [Caldasia v. 3 (no. 15); ref. 2998] Puerto Berrío (Antioquia) over the Río Magdalena, Colombia, 6°30'N, 74°24'W. Neotype: ICNMHN 9873 (missing). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155], Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:43 [ref. 36127]. The holotype is lost according to Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2006:215 [ref. 29186]. Neotype missing according to Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:43 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Hexanematichthys bonillai (Miles 1945) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Arius bonillai (Miles 1945) -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Ariopsis bonillai (Miles 1945) -- (Cervigón 1992:256 [ref. 23827], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002:10 [ref. 26521], Acero P. 2003:839 [ref. 26998], Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Sciades bonilai (Miles 1945) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:104 [ref. 29031]). •Valid as Notarius bonillai (Miles 1945) -- (Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2006:216 [ref. 29186], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk et al. 2017:276 [ref. 35197], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:90 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Notarius bonillai (Miles 1945). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Caribbean draining rivers, including Magdalena River: Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

bonneti, Arius Puyo [J.] 1936:107, Fig. 17B [Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse v. 71 (no. 4); ref. 15298] Cayenne River, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1936-0162. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:9 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]. Preoccupied by Arius bonneti in fossil fishes. •Synonym of Arius parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Acero P. 2003:842 [ref. 26998]). •Synonym of Aspistor luniscutis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Sciades emphysetus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108], Betancur-R. et al. 2008:828 [ref. 29950]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

borneensis, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1851:67 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 327] Bandjarmasin, Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]. Original as borneënsis. See Kailola 1999:1854 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:18 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

borneensis, Pimelodus Bleeker [P.] 1851:430 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16897] Sambas, western Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6906. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1863.12.4.70 (1), MSNG 8024 (1), NMV 46464 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:308 [ref. 10351], Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155]. Original as borneënsis. See van Oijen et al. 2009:209 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Hemipimelodus borneensis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Desoutter 1977:21 [ref. 20628], Roberts 1989:111 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:81 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:243 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:167 [ref. 22772], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:592 [ref. 23647], Tan & Ng 1999:297 [ref. 24254], Kottelat 2001:141 [ref. 25780], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:163 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:192 [ref. 28285]). •Valid as Cephalocassis borneensis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Kailola 2004:133 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:49 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:666 [ref. 32225], Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Cephalocassis borneensis (Bleeker 1851). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

brandtii, Arius Steindachner [F.] 1876:571 [21], Pl. 3 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 72 (1. Abth.); ref. 18772] Altata, (Pacific) Panama. Syntypes: (several) ?MCZ 4964 (1); NMW 48107 (3), 48110 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]. On p. 21 of separate. •Synonym of Sciadeops troschelii (Gill 1863) -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:885 [ref. 22829], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:145 [ref. 24550] as troscheli). •Synonym of Sciades troschelii (Gill 1863) -- (Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]). •Synononym of Notarius troschelii (Gill 1863) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:84 [ref. 29031]). Current status: Synonym of Notarius troschelii (Gill 1863). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brevirostris, Arius Steindachner [F.] 1901:447 [Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft v. 25; ref. 14769] Baram River, Borneo. Holotype (unique): NMW, not found. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius brevirostris Steindachner 1901 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 14769]). •Probable synonym of Arius harmandi (Sauvage 1880) -- (Kailola 1999:1850 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of cf. Arius harmandi (Sauvage 1880) -- (Kailola 2004:146 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Hemiarius harmandi Sauvage 1880 -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:68 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:248 [ref. 32989]). •Incertae sedis in Ariidae as synonym of harmondi Sauvage 1880. Current status: Synonym of Hemiarius harmandi Sauvage 1880. Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

broadbenti, Tachysurus Ogilby [J. D.] 1908:8 [Annals of the Queensland Museum No. 9 (pt 1); ref. 3285] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: QM I.9745-46 (1, 1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius broadbenti (Ogilby 1908) -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Arius macrocephalus Bleeker 1846 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:220 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of "Arius" argyropleuron Valenciennes 1840 -- (Kailola 1999:1839 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Plicofollis argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:355 [ref. 28997], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:92 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plicofollis argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brunellii, Arius Zolezzi [G.] 1939:168, Fig. 1 [Bollettino di Pesca, Piscicoltura e Idrobiologia v. 15 (no. 2); ref. 17251] Juba River, Somalia. Syntypes: (4) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius brunellii Zolezzi 1939 -- (Taylor 1986:154 [ref. 6195], Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860] as brunelli, Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:15 [ref. 29031]). •Incertae sedis in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Arius brunellii Zolezzi 1939. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Somalia. Habitat: freshwater.

buchanani, Arius Day [F.] 1877:463, Pl. 105 (fig. 6) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Hooghly Channel, Calcutta, India; Irrawaddy River, Myanmar. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: ZSI 456 (1), 1302 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:158 [ref. 23762], Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Synonym of Arius arius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:700 [ref. 20764]). •See Kailola 1999:1839 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Arius arius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108] with question, Jayaram 2006:338 [ref. 28762], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:15 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Arius arius (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bueru, Pimelodus Hancock [J.] in Günther 1864:179 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Not available, name on specimen from Demerara mentioned under Aelurichthys gronovii. Ariidae: Ariinae.

burmanicus, Arius Day [F.] 1870:618 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 3) (for 9 Dec. 1869); ref. 14093] Irrawaddy River, Bassein District; Salween, Tenasserim provinces, Myanmar. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7520 (1, syntype); BMNH 1870.6.14.43-44 (2); RMNH 8787 (1); ZMB 2754 (1); ZSI 456 (1), A.568 (8), B292 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:158 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:295 [ref. 25110], Ferraris 2007:42 [ref. 29155]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Valid as Tachysurus burmanicus (Day 1870) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800]). •Valid as Arius burmanicus Day 1870 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:701 [ref. 20764], Jayaram 2006:339 [ref. 28762], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:16 [ref. 29031]). •Valid as Cochlefelis burmanicus (Day 1870) -- (Kailola 2004:134 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:42 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:248 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Cochlefelis burmanicus (Day 1870). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Myanmar, India and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

caelatoides, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:31 [159] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. Appeared later in Bleeker 1846:159 [ref. 5872]. See Kailola 1999:1859 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Nemapteryx caelatus (Valenciennes 1840) = Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Arius caelatus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:16 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

caelatus, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:66 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia; Mumbai, India. Syntypes: MNHN B-0589 (1) Java, B-0614 (2) Mumbai. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:5 [ref. 19575] as coelatus and with holotype and paratypes, Ferraris 2007:46 [ref. 29155]. Spelled coelatus in Bleeker 1870:252 [ref. 429]. If the name caelatus is an adjective, then the correct spelling when in Nemapterx is caelata. See van Oijen et al. 2009:95 [ref. 30423] as caelatus. •Valid as Tachysurus caelatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800], Mishra et al. 1999:84 [ref. 25315]). •Valid as Arius caelatus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:701 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:79 [ref. 23448], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:216 [ref. 24016], Kottelat & Lim 1995:243 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:164 [ref. 22772], Tan & Ng 1999:295 [ref. 24254], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:185 [ref. 25703] as cealatus, Khan 2003:8 [ref. 27710], Jayaram 2006:341 [ref. 28762], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:16 [ref. 29031]). •Probable synonym of Arius nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 1999:1859 [ref. 24732]). •Valid as Nemapteryx caelata (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ferraris 2007:46 [ref. 29155], Suresh et al. 2018:136 [ref. 36495]). •Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108], Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: South and southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caerulescens, Arius Günther [A.] 1864:149, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Huamuchal, Guatemala. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.1.26.208-209 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius caerulescens Günther 1864 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Arius guatemalensis Günther 1864 -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:868 [ref. 22829]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys guatemalensis (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades guatemalensis (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:107 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Ariopsis guatemalensis (Günther 1864) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:154 [ref. 24550], Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2017:22 [ref. 35431]). Current status: Synonym of Ariopsis guatemalensis (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

canteri, Ariopsis Acero P. [A.], Betancur-R [R.] & Marceniuk [A. P.] in Marceniuk, Acero P., Cooke & Betancur-R 2017:9, Figs. 3C, 6-7 [Zootaxa 4290 (no. 1); ref. 35431] Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta, Pueblo Viejo, fisherfolk, Magdalena, Colombia, 10°47'8.7"N, 74°24'58.3"W. Holotype: INVEMAR PEC5332. Paratypes: INVEMAR, USNM. •Valid as Ariopsis canteri Acero P., Betancur-R & Marceniuk 2017. Current status: Valid as Ariopsis canteri Acero P., Betancur-R & Marceniuk 2017. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Caribbean coast of Colombia, West Atlantic. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cantoris, Osteogeneiosus Bleeker [P.] 1853:120, Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 25 (art. 8); ref. 341] Hooghly River, Calcutta, India. Syntypes: (2) RMNH 6907 (1) Bengal. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155]. See Kailola 1999:1879 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kailola 2004:141 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:87 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155] with question, Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

capellonis, Arius Steindachner [F.] 1867:64 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 4 (no. 8); ref. 20462] Monrovia, Liberia. Holotype (unique): not found at NMW. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155]. Species also appeared on p. 441 of English version [ref. 20462]; later appeared in more detail in Steindachner 1867:523, Pl. 2 (figs. 1-3) [ref. 4215]; and on p. 7 of separate. •Synonym of Arius parkii Günther 1864 -- (Taylor 1986:156 [ref. 6195], Taylor 1990:232 [ref. 14194], Daget in Lévêque et al. 1992:568 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Arius parkii Günther 1864 as incertae sedis in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Carlarius parkii (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:38 [ref. 29031], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2016:1748 [ref. 34564]). Current status: Synonym of Carlarius parkii (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

capensis, Galeichthys Smith [A.] 1840:no pagination, Pl. 8 [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype: BMNH 1857.6.13.147 (dry). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Galeichthys feliceps Valenciennes 1840 -- (Taylor 1986:158 [ref. 6195], Taylor 1990:234 [ref. 14194], Kailola 2004:136 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:63 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155], Kulongowski 2010:13 [ref. 30940]). Current status: Synonym of Galeichthys feliceps Valenciennes 1840. Ariidae: Galeichthyinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

carchariorhynchos, Bagrus Bleeker [P.] 1846:291 [Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neȇrlandsch Indië v. 3 (2); ref. 19349] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype: RMNH 6885 (371 mm SL). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]. Originally as carchariorhijnchos, the Dutch ij equivalent to y in Latin. Also in Bleeker 1846:30 [ref. 313]. •Synonym of Arius thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Kailola 1986:546 [ref. 6312], Kailola 1999:1865 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Netuma thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:80 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837) -- (Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

carinatus, Arius (Hemiarius) Weber [M.] 1913:537, Figs. 13-14 [Süsswasserfische aus Niederländisch Süd- und Nord-Neu-Guinea v. 9 (livr. 4); ref. 4603] Lorentz River, Van Weellskamp and Sande River, New Guinea. Syntypes: AMNH 9265 [ex ZMA 111109] (2); ZMA 109295 (1), 111109-12 (18, 1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:37 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:42 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius carinatus Weber 1913 -- (Roberts 1978:35 [ref. 8886], Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Allen 1991:51 [ref. 21090]). •Valid as Cinetodus carinatus (Weber 1913) -- (Allen et al. 2000:49 [ref. 27467], Kailola 2004:133 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:51 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:42 [ref. 29155], Allen et al. 2008:45 [ref. 30265], Marceniuk et al. 2012:666 [ref. 32225]). Current status: Valid as Cinetodus carinatus (Weber 1913). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Papua Province, Indonesia; Papua New Guinea and northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

carolinensis, Mystus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:156 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Tropical America. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:37 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Bagre bagre (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:96 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:26 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:37 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Bagre bagre (Linnaeus 1766). Ariidae: Bagreinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

chondropterygioides, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:44 [170] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:44 [ref. 313]. See Kailola 1999:1854, 1859 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

chondropterygius, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:35 [162] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Nemapteryx caelatus (Valenciennes 1840) = Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Bleeker 1846) -- (Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

clavispinosus, Arius Puyo [J.] 1936:103, Fig. 16A [Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse v. 71 (no. 4); ref. 15298] Cayenne River, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1936-0163. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:9 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Acero P. 2003:842 [ref. 26998]). •Synonym of Aspistor luniscutis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Sciades emphysetus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108], Betancur-R. et al. 2008:828 [ref. 29950]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cleptolepis, Arius Roberts [T. R.] 1978:37, Figs. 15, 20e [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 281; ref. 8886] Elevala River, Upper Fly River, Papua New Guinea, 6°05.7'S, 141°27.7'E. Holotype: AMS 27092-001 [ex USNM 217069]. Paratypes: BMNH 1983.6.30.6 [ex USNM 217071] (1); KFRS F.4618.01 (2); USNM 217070 (1), 217071 (6, now 3, 1 to BMNH, 2 to KFRS), 217072 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:7 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius berneyi (Whitley 1941) -- (Allen 1991:51 [ref. 21090]). •Synonym of Ariopsis berneyi (Whitley 1941). •Synonym of Neoarius berneyi (Whitley 1941) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:77 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Neoarius berneyi (Whitley 1941). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

clypeaster, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:34 [161] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. Originally as clijpeaster, with Dutch ij equal to y in Latin. Also in Bleeker 1846:34 [ref. 313]. See Kailola 1999:1859 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Nemapteryx caelatus (Valenciennes 1840) = Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Arius nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:19 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

clypeastroides, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:34 [161] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:34 [ref. 313]. See Kailola 1999:1859 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Nemapteryx caelatus (Valenciennes 1840) = Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

coatesi, Arius Kailola [P. J.] 1990:18, Fig. 5 [Records of the Western Australian Museum Suppl. No. 34; ref. 19337] Market at Angoram, Sepik River, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: AMS I.25405-001. Paratypes: AMS I.25405-002 (1); KFRS F03995 (1, not found), FO4108 (1, missing 2/03); QM I.21673 (1); WAM P.28221-001 (3, not 4). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:8 [ref. 19335], Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155], Moore et al. 2008:7 [ref. 30117]. Specimens not found in KFRS (Pogonoski, Appleyard & White, pers. comm. 9/18/2016). •Valid as Arius coatesi Kailola 1990 -- (Allen & Coates 1990:57 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:52 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:298 [ref. 21400], Burgess & Finley 1996:165 [ref. 22901], Kailola 2000:127 [ref. 25113]). •Valid as Ariopsis coatesi (Kailola 1990) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Potamosilurus coatesi (Kailola 1990) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:101 [ref. 29031]). •Valid as Neoarius coatesi (Kailola 1990) -- (Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Neoarius coatesi (Kailola 1990). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Sepik River basin, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

cochinchinensis, Arius Günther [A.] 1864:170, Figs. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Cochinchina [southern Vietnam]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1862.9.18.4 (skin). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155].. •Synonym of Arius arius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 1999:1840 [ref. 24732], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:15 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Arius arius (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cochlearis, Hemipimelodus Fowler [H. W.] 1935:101, Fig. 25 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 87; ref. 13881] Paknam, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 60767. Paratypes: ANSP 60768-73 (6). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:22 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius truncatus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Kailola 1999:1866 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Cryptarius truncatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:135 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:57 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:248 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cryptarius truncatus (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish.

coelestinus, Bagrus Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1849:7 [Horae Ichthyologicae No. 3; ref. 3073] Guiana. Syntypes: ZMB 2970 (1), 2971 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Hexanematichthys herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

colcloughi, Hemipimelodus Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:7 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 23; ref. 3288] Crocker Island, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.1538 [ex AFAQ 993]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemipimelodus colcloughi Ogilby 1910 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Arius argyropleuron Valenciennes 1840 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:218 [ref. 12442], Larson & Williams 1997:348 [ref. 23967], Kailola 1999:1839 [ref. 24732] as "Arius"). •Synonym of Plicofollis argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:355 [ref. 28997], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:92 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155], Larson et al. 2013:40 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plicofollis argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

commersonii, Pimelodus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:95, 103, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] No locality. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Guiritinga barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Kailola 2004:145 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:97 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk 2005:113 [ref. 29379], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:65 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Litz & Koerber 2014:16 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:28 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

conorhynchus, Tetranesodon Weber [M.] 1913:546, Fig. 24 [Süsswasserfische aus Niederländisch Süd- und Nord-Neu-Guinea v. 9 (livr. 4); ref. 4603] Lorentz River, Van Weelskamp, New Guinea. Holotype (unique): ZMA 111084. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:63 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:42 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tetranesodon conorhynchus Weber 1913 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Allen 1991:59 [ref. 21090], Kailola 2000:127 [ref. 25113], Allen et al. 2000:54 [ref. 27467]). •Valid as Cinetodus conorhynchus (Weber 1913) -- (Kailola 2004:133 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:42 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Pachyula conorhynchus (Weber 1913) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:89 [ref. 29031], Allen et al. 2008:54 [ref. 30265]). Current status: Valid as Pachyula conorhynchus (Weber 1913). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Fly and Lorentz River systems, New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

cookei, Arius Acero P. [A.] & Betancur-R. [R.] 2002:134, Figs. 1-2 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 26190] 7 kilometers from the mouth of Río Santa María, París, Herrera, Panama, 8°09'N, 80°33'W. Holotype: INVEMAR-PEC 3752. Paratypes: ICNMHN 5721 (1); INVEMAR-PEC 3753 (1); UCR 314-3 (1), 1518-2 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155], Angulo et al. 2015:378 [ref. 35212], Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:41 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Arius cookei Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002 -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:447 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as ?Aspistor cookei Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002 -- (Kailola 2004:128 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Notarius cookei (Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002) -- (Bentancur-R. & Acero P. 2006:54 [ref. 28736], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:82 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2006:215 [ref. 29186], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Angulo et al. 2013:993 [ref. 33194], Marceniuk et al. 2017:276 [ref. 35197]). Current status: Valid as Notarius cookei (Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Pacific coastal rivers and estuaries from Costa Rica to Colombia: Colombia, Costa Rica and Panama. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

couma, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:459 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Cayenne, French Guiana. Syntypes: MNHN A-9338 (1, dry) Cayenne, A-9339 (1, dry) America. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:13 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius couma (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Cervigón 1991:133 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:256 [ref. 23827], Le Bail et al. 2000:12 [ref. 24549], Marín 2000:68 [ref. 26252], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639]). •Valid as Selenaspis couma (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Acero P. 2003:850 [ref. 26998]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys couma (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192]). •Valid as Sciades couma (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:98 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:104 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:347 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225]). Current status: Valid as Sciades couma (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Gulf of Paria to mouth of Amazon River: Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela (predominately in brackish water). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

crassilabris, Hemipimelodus Ramsay [E. P.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1886:18 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 14464] Strickland River, New Guinea. Holotype: AMS B.9961. Paratypes: QM I.857 (1). Type catalog: Desoutter 1977 [ref. 20628], Ferraris 2007:42 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemipimelodus crassilabris Ramsay & Ogilby 1886 -- (Desoutter 1977:11 [ref. 20628], Roberts 1978:38 [ref. 8886]). •Valid as Arius crassilabris (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886) -- (Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860], Allen 1991:52 [ref. 21090]). •Valid as Pachyula crassilabris (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:89 [ref. 29031], Allen et al. 2008:55 [ref. 30265], Marceniuk et al. 2012:666 [ref. 32225]). •Valid as Cinetodus crassilabris (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886) -- (Allen et al. 2000:50 [ref. 27467], Kailola 2004:133 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:42 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Pachyula crassilabris (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

crinalis, Bagrus Richardson [J.] 1846:282 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. Appeared as ?Bagrus crinalis. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:210, Pl. 19c [ref. 11606]). See Kailola 1999:1839 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Arius falcarius Richardson 1845 -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Arius arius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:15 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Arius arius (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Southeastern China (if valid). Habitat: brackish, marine.

crossocheilos, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:46 [172] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 6894 (1 or more of 3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:46 [ref. 313]. See acount of Arius tonggol for first reviser information provided by Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tachysurus crossocheilos (Bleeker 1846) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800]). •Valid as Arius crossocheilos Bleeker 1846 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860] as crossocheilus, Kailola 1999:1844 [ref. 24732] as "Arius" crossocheilus, Tan & Ng 1999:296 [ref. 24254], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122] as "Arius" crossocheilus, Ng 2003:2 [ref. 27208] as crossocheilus, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Plicofollis crossocheilos (Bleeker 1846) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:92 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Plicofollis tonggol (Bleeker 1846) -- (Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:251 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plicofollis tonggol (Bleeker 1846). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

curtisii, Arius Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:236 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 761] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN B-0693 (1, poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:8 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius graeffei Kner & Steindachner 1867 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:219 [ref. 12442], Kailola 1999:1849 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Ariopsis graeffei (Kner & Steindachner 1867) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:352 [ref. 28997]). •Synonym of Neoarius graeffei (Kner & Steindachner 1867) -- (Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Neoarius graeffei (Kner & Steindachner 1867). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

cuvieri, Genidens Castelnau [F. L.] 1855:34 [Animaux nouveaux or rares v. 2; ref. 766] Rio de La Plata. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155]. Unneeded replacement name for Bagrus genidens Cuvier 1829; apparently to avoid "Strickland tautonymy." •Synonym of Genidens genidens (Cuvier 1829) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:98 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:66 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Litz & Koerber 2014:17 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:28 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Genidens genidens (Cuvier 1829). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish.

danielsi, Arius (Hemiarius) Regan [C. T.] 1908:154 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 14340] Fly River, New Guinea. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1905.8.15.21. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:42 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius danielsi Regan 1908 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Kailola 1999:1845 [ref. 24732], Allen et al. 2000:41 [ref. 27467]). •Valid as Cochlefelis danielsi (Regan 1908) -- (Roberts 1978:45 [ref. 8886], Roberts 1989:511 [ref. 6439], Allen 1991:58 [ref. 21090], Kailola 2004:134 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:53 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:42 [ref. 29155], Allen et al. 2008:47 [ref. 30265], Marceniuk et al. 2012:642 [ref. 32225]). Current status: Valid as Cochlefelis danielsi (Regan 1908). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dasycephalus, Arius Günther [A.] 1864:157, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands [in error]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.1100. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155]. See Mundy 2005:154 [ref. 28379] for comments on type locality. The original locality of Sandwich Islands is in error. •Valid as Arius dasycephalus Günther 1864 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:67 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:60 [ref. 23101], Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:867 [ref. 22829]). •Valid as Ariopsis dasycephalus (Günther 1864) -- (Nelson et al. 2004:82 [ref. 27807]). •Valid as Cathorops dasycephalus (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:449 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:43 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk 2007:46 [ref. 29324], Marceniuk et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34763], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:400 [ref. 34894]). •Valid as Cathorops (Precathorops) dasycephalus (Günther 1864) -- (Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008:42 [ref. 29576], Marceniuk et al. 2009:274 [ref. 30406], Marceniuk et al. 2012:641 [ref. 32225], Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708], Barriga Salazar 2014:115 [ref. 35745], González-Murcia et al. 2019:291 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops dasycephalus (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: South and Central America in eastern Pacific drainages: Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Ecuador and Panama. Habitat: brackish, marine.

daugueti, Hemipimelodus Chevey [P.] 1932:41, Pl. 13 [Travaux de l'Institut Océanographique de l'Indochine Mémoire 4; ref. 16477] Indo-China. Syntypes: IOI. Type catalog: Desoutter 1977:15 [ref. 20628], Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemipimelodus daugueti Chevey 1932 -- (Desoutter 1977:15 [ref. 20628], Rainboth 1996:167 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Cryptarius daugueti (Chevey 1932) -- (Kailola 2004:135 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:55 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:248 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Cryptarius daugueti (Chevey 1932). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Cambodia and Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dayi, Arius Dmitrenko [E. M.] 1974:39, Figs. 1-2 [Vestnik Zoologii v. 1974 (no. 3); ref. 7499] Masir Strait, Gulf of Oman, 19°47.8'N, 58°28.3'E. Holotype: ZIK Pi 2/1-2. Paratypes: YUGNIRO (several), ONUZM (1) Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius bilineatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 1986:546 [ref. 6312], Kailola 1999:1842 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Netuma bilineatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:79 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Netuma bilineata (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Netuma bilineata (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dayi, Hemipimelodus Ramsay [E. P.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1886:16 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 14464] Strickland River, New Guinea. Holotype: AMS B.9938. Paratypes: AMS B.9939-40 (1, 1); MCZ 27560 [ex AMS 9942]; NMV 51616-19 (4); QM I.879 (3); Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:46 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Nedystoma dayi (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886) -- (Roberts 1978:43 [ref. 8886], Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860], Allen 1991:59 [ref. 21090], Kailola 2000:141 [ref. 25113], Allen et al. 2000:53 [ref. 27467], Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:74 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:46 [ref. 29155], Allen et al. 2008:51 [ref. 30265], Marceniuk et al. 2012:667 [ref. 32225]). Current status: Valid as Nedystoma dayi (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

despaxi, Arius Puyo [J.] 1936:110, Fig. 17D [Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse v. 71 (no. 4); ref. 15298] Cayenne River, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1936-0161. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:9 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155] •Synonym of Arius parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Acero P. 2003:842 [ref. 26998]). •Synonym of Aspistor luniscutis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Sciades emphysetus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Betancur-R. et al. 2008:828 [ref. 29950]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dieperinki, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1862:375 [5] [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 14; ref. 390] Suriname. Holotype (unique): RMNH 3038. Type information: Van der Stigchel 1947:33 [ref. 13094]. On p. 5 of separate. The type of this species is also the type of Arius phrygiatus Valenciennes 1840 (see Boeseman 1972:309 [ref. 19698]). •Synonym of cf. Arius phrygiatus Valenciennes 1840 but genus uncertain -- (Kailola 2004:145 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Arius phrygiatus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Marceniuk 2005:95 [ref. 28718]). •Synonym of Arius phrygiatus Valenciennes 1840 as incertae sedis in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Notarius phrygiatus (Valenciennes 1840) Current status: Synonym of Notarius phrygiatus (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

digulensis, Arius Hardenberg [J. D. F.] 1936:369 [Treubia, Buitenzorg v. 15 (pt 4); ref. 13699] Middle course of Digul River, southern New Guinea. Holotype (unique): ZMA 110781. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:37 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius digulensis Hardenberg 1936 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Arius latirostris Macleay 1883 -- (Allen 1991:53 [ref. 21090]). •Synonym of Ariopsis latirostris (Macleay 1883) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Neoarius latirostris (Macleay 1883) -- (Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Potamosilurus latirostris (Macleay 1883) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:101 [ref. 29031]). Current status: Synonym of Potamosilurus latirostris (Macleay 1883). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dioctes, Arius Kailola [P. J.] 2000:128, Figs. 1-2 [The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory v. 16; ref. 25113] Norman River at Karumba, 17°29'S, 140°50'E, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: CSIRO C 3798. Paratypes: AMS I.15557-041 (2), I.29292-001 (1); CSIRO H 154-01 (1); KFRS F.04094 (1); NTM S.11190-001 (2), S.14828-005 (1); plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius dioctes Kailola 2000 -- (Ng 2003:11 [ref. 27208]). •Valid as Cochlefelis dioctes (Kailola 2000) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:53 [ref. 29031], Allen et al. 2008:48 [ref. 30265]). •Valid as Hemiarius dioctes (Kailola 2000) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:353 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155]. Larson et al. 2013:38 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Hemiarius dioctes (Kailola 2000). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Australia and New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dispar, Arius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1926:405, Pl. 1 (fig. 6) [Philippine Journal of Science v. 31 (no. 3); ref. 10951] Paco market, Manila, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP (presumed destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP (4) presumed destroyed. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius dispar Herre 1926 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Kailola 1999:1846 [ref. 24732], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Ng 2003:11 [ref. 27208], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:16 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:665 [ref. 32225], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989], Motomura et al. 2017:47 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Arius dispar Herre 1926. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan and possibly northern Borneo. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

doriae, Arius Vinciguerra [D.] 1881:174, Figured [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova v. 16; ref. 14291] Sarawak, Malaysia, Borneo. Syntypes: (3) MSNG 8135 (2), RMNH 10889 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:306 [ref. 10351], Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius doriae Vinciguerra 1881 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Kottelat & Lim 1995:243 [ref. 23210], Tan & Ng 1999:296 [ref. 24254], Kailola 1999:1837 [ref. 24732], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122]). •Possible synonym of Cephalocassis melanochir (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kailola 2004:133 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:248 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cephalocassis melanochir (Bleeker 1852). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Northern Borneo [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

doroides, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:448, Pl. 418 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Puducherry, India; Bengal. Syntypes: MNHN A-8668 (1, dry) Puducherry, A-9349 (1, mounted) Ganges. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:4 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Sciades sagor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:110 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys sagor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:248 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hexanematichthys sagor (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dowii, Leptarius Gill [T. N.] 1863:171 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 1681] Western coast of Central America. Holotype (unique): USNM 4973 (lost). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155], Smith 2018:81 [ref. 36061]. Also seen as dovii. •Valid as Arius dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Sciadeichthys dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:69 [ref. 22193]). •Valid as Selanaspis [sic] dowi (Gill 1963) -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:60 [ref. 23101]). •Valid as Selenaspis dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:886 [ref. 22829]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades hymenorrhinos (Bleeker 1862) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:144 [ref. 24550] as hymenorrhinus, Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Sciades dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:347 [ref. 29268], Page et al. 2013:83 [ref. 32708], Barriga Salazar 2014:115 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:399 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Sciades dowii (Gill 1863). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Colombia, Panama and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dubia, Netuma Bleeker [P.] 1862:382 [12] [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 14; ref. 390] Suriname. Syntypes: RMNH 3051-52 (1, 1). Type catalog: Boeseman 1972:310 [ref. 19698], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]. Type information: Van der Stigchel 1947:29 [ref. 13094] with holotype and paratype. On p. 12 of separate. •Synonym of Hexanematichthys herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dussumieri, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:84 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Malabar, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9401. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:6 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tachysurus dussumieri (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800]). •Valid as Ariodes dussumieri (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Taylor 1986:212 [ref. 6282]). •Valid as Arius dussumieri Valenciennes 1840 -- (Taylor 1986:154 [ref. 6195], Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Carpenter et al. 1997:121 [ref. 23922], Kailola 1999:1847 [ref. 24732] as "Arius", Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:239 [ref. 24754], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122] as "Arius", Ng 2003:2 [ref. 27208], Ng & Sparks 2003:4 [ref. 27207], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Plicofollis dussumieri (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:92 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:667 [ref. 32225], Kottelat 2013:250 [reg. 32989], Psomadakis et al. 2015:167 [ref. 34104], Marceniuk et al. 2017:[4] [ref. 35522], Fricke et al. 2018:62 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:37 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:131 [ref. 37020], Psomadakis et al. 2020:310 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Plicofollis dussumieri (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf and Madagascar east to Indonesia and Thailand. Habitat: brackish, marine.

eigenmanni, Galeichthys Gilbert [C. H.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:21, Pl. 4 (fig. 8 [not 7]) [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences v. 4; ref. 1639] Panama. Holotype: CAS-SU 6986. Paratypes: (11) BMNH 1903.5.15.319-320; CAS-SU 12878-80 (1, 1, 1); USNM 50379 (1); ZMB 15858 [ex USNM] (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:41 [ref. 12291], Ferraris & Vari 1992:8 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius seemanni Günther 1864 -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:874 [ref. 22829]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys seemanni (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades seemanni (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:110 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Ariopsis seemanni (Günther 1864) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2017:31 [ref. 35431]). Current status: Synonym of Ariopsis seemanni (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

elatturus, Arius Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1883:45 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 2 (for 1882); ref. 2475] Panama. Syntypes: USNM 29408 (1, missing), 30995 (1 of 2). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:7 [ref. 19771] dated 1882, Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155]. Aarius elatturus and Arius insculptus were described in the same paper; according to Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155], Bentancur-R. & Acero P. serve as first reviser. See Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155] for comments on lack of a holotype. •Synonym of Arius kessleri Steindachner 1876 -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:869 [ref. 22829]). •Probable synonym of Arius kessleri Steindachner 1876 -- (Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002:136 [ref. 26190]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys kessleri (Steindachner 1876) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Aspistor kessleri (Steindachner 1876) -- (Kailola 2004:128 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Notarius kessleri (Steindachner 1876) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:83 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Notarius insculptus (Jordan & Gilbert 1883) -- (Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004:7 [ref. 28008], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Notarius insculptus (Jordan & Gilbert 1883). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

emmelane, Tachysurus Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Evermann 1898:2785 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2445] (Pacific) Panama. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 5818. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:41 [ref. 12291], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155]. Author is C. H. Gilbert. Holotype figured in Gilbert & Starks 1904, Pl. 6 [ref. 1639]. •Synonym of Cathorops multiradiatus (Günther 1864) -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:881 [ref. 22829], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:449 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:45 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk 2007:41 [ref. 29324], Marceniuk et al. 2009:274 [ref. 30406]). Current status: Synonym of Cathorops multiradiatus (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

emphysetus, Bagrus (Sciades) Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1849:8 [Horae Ichthyologicae No. 3; ref. 3073] Suriname. Holotype: ZMB 2990. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]. •Questionably a synonym of Hexanematichthys parkeri (Traill 1932) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Sciades emphysetus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Sciades -- (Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Betancur-R. 2008:827 [ref. 29950]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish.

equatorialis, Tachysurus Starks [E. C.] 1906:766, Figs. 3-4 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 30 (no. 1468); ref. 10101] Guayaquil, Ecuador. Holotype (unique): USNM 53470. Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:9 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Cathorops multiradiatus (Günther 1864) -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:881 [ref. 22829], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:45 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk 2007:41 [ref. 29324], Marceniuk et al. 2009:274 [ref. 30406], Marceniuk et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34763]). Current status: Synonym of Cathorops multiradiatus (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

equestris, Arius Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1854:26 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 168] Matagorda Bay, at Indianola, Calhoun County, Texas, U.S.A., Gulf of Mexico. Holotype: USNM 836. Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:7 [ref. 19771]. •Synonym of Sciades felis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:107 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Ariopsis felis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2017:15 [ref. 35431]). Current status: Synonym of Ariopsis felis (Linnaeus 1766). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

evermanni, Tachysurus Gilbert [C. H.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:32, Pl. 5 (fig. 10) [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences v. 4; ref. 1639] Panama Bay, eastern Pacific. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 6706. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:41 [ref. 12291], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Cathorops fuerthii (Steindachner 1876) -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:880 [ref. 22829], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:449 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:44 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2009:250 [ref. 30406]). Current status: Synonym of Cathorops fuerthii (Steindachner 1876). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

eydouxii, Galeichthys Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:43 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] River of Guayaquil, Ecuador. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1572. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:7 [ref. 19575] as eidouxii, Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]. Spelled Eidouxii on p. 43 and Eydouxii in table of contents (p. xviii); the latter more appropriate for MM. Eydoux but first reviser not found. •Questionably the same as Bagre pinimaculatus (Steindachner 1876) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:449 [ref. 27061]). •In the synonymy of Bagre pinnimaculatus (Steindachner 1876) -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:878 [ref. 22829], Kailola 2004:129 [ref. 28108]). •Questionably the same as Bagre pinnimaculatus (Steindachner 1876) -- (Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Bagre pinnimaculatus (Steindachner 1876). Ariidae: Bagreinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

falcarius, Arius Richardson [J.] 1845:134, Pl. 62 (figs. 7-9) [Ichthyology.--Part 3. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur.; ref. 20575] Canton, China. Possible syntypes: (2) BMNH 2005.9.12.2 (1), 2005.9.12.1 (1, half skin). Type information: Whitehead 1970:210 [ref. 11606]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius sinensis Valenciennes 1844 -- (Ni & Wu in Kuang et al. 1986:171 [ref. 26639] dated 1844, Lu in Pan et al. 1991:323 [ref. 23876], Cheng & Zhou 1997:204 [ref. 26385], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:184 [ref. 24534]). •Synonym of Arius arius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 1999:1840 [ref. 24732], Kottelat 2001:56 [ref. 25482], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:15 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Arius arius (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fangi, Arius Chaux [J.] in Chaux & Fang 1949:194, Fig. 1 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 21 (no. 2); ref. 13004] Tonkin, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1966-0726. •Tentative synonym of Arius arenarius (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Kottelat 2001:56 [ref. 25482]). •Synonym of Arius arenarius (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Arius arenarius (Müller & Troschel 1849). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

feliceps, Galeichthys Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:29, Pl. 424 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Vicinity of Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: MNHN A-9361 to A-9365 (1 ea. = 5, mounted). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:9 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155] •Valid as Arius feliceps (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Galeichthys feliceps Valenciennes 1840 -- (Taylor 1986:157 [ref. 6195], Taylor 1990:233 [ref. 14194], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:138 [ref. 25472], Santos et al. 1997:122 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:40 [ref. 24952], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:112 [ref. 28072], Kailola 2004:136 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:63 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155], Acero-P. and Betancur-R. 2007:139 [ref. 29200], Kulongowski 2010:13 [ref. 30940], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2016:1750 [ref. 34564], Fricke et al. 2018:61 [ref. 35805], Carneiro et al. 2019:82 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Galeichthys feliceps Valenciennes 1840. Ariidae: Galeichthyinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean off southern Africa: Namibia to about East London, South Africa; southern Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

felis, Silurus Linnaeus [C.] (ex Garden) 1766:503 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, U.S.A. Neotype: BMNH 1985.11.11.1. Type information: Goode & Bean 1885:205 [ref. 1841], Wheeler 1985:33 [ref. 20705] but obviated by Opinion 1547 where a neotype was established. Original description based on manuscript by A. Garden [South Carolina]. •Valid as Arius felis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Lee et al. 1980:476 [ref. 22416], Robins & Ray 1986:83 [ref. 23100], Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Boschung 1992:67 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:361 [ref. 23897]). •Valid as Sciades felis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:107 [ref. 29031], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225]). •Valid as Ariopsis felis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:153 [ref. 24550], Acero P. 2003:840 [ref. 26998], Nelson et al. 2004:82 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:351 [ref. 27995], Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Miller 2006:168 [ref. 28615], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:348 [ref. 29268], Betancur-R. & Willink 2007:826 [ref. 29439], García-Hernández et al. 2009:91 [ref. 37265], Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708], Marceniuk et al. 2017:14 [ref. 35431], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:344 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:151 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Ariopsis felis (Linnaeus 1766). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Massachusetts south to Florida (U.S.A.), including Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

festae, Arius Boulenger [G. A.] 1898:5 [Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata della R. Università di Torino v. 13 (no. 329); ref. 14677] Narrangal [Naranjal], western Ecuador. Holotype (unique): MZUT 1479. Type catalog: Tortonese 1940:136 [ref. 21559], Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius festae Boulenger 1898 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:33 [ref. 37559]). •Status uncertain -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:866 [ref. 22829]). •Species inquirenda in Ariridae -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:453 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]). •In genus of Cathorops -- (Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004:13 [ref. 28008]). •Species inquirenda in Cathorops -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:46 [ref. 29031], Marceniuk et al. 2009:274 [ref. 30406]). •Valid as Cathorops festae (Boulenger 1898) -- (Marceniuk et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34763]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops festae (Boulenger 1898). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: South America: Ecuador and Peru. Habitat: brackish, marine.

festinus, Arius Ng [H. H.] & Sparks [J. S.] 2003:5, Fig. 4 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 735; ref. 27207] Amboaboa River, near its confluence with the Mangarahara River (left bank tributary of the Sofia River), 15°50'01"S, 48°42'52"E, Madagascar. Holotype: UMMZ 239806. Paratypes: AMNH 211457 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155], Fricke et al. 2018:61 [ref. 35805]. •Possibly valid as Ariopsis festinus (Ng & Sparks 2003) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Arius festinus Ng & Sparks 2003 -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:16 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155], Fricke et al. 2018:61 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Arius festinus Ng & Sparks 2003. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Amboaboa River drainage, northeastern Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater.

filamentosus, Felichthys Swainson [W.] 1839:392 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Estuaries and rivers near Pernambuco, Brazil. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:37 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Bagre filamentosus (Swainson 1839) -- (Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Bagre marinus (Mitchill 1815) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:143 [ref. 24550]). •Synonym of Bagre bagre (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:129 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:96 [ref. 28718], Ferraris 2007:37 [ref. 29155]). •Species inquirenda -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:31 [ref. 29031]). Current status: Synonym of Bagre bagre (Linnaeus 1766). Ariidae: Bagreinae. Habitat: marine.

fissus, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:107 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Suriname. Holotype (unique): RMNH 3036. Type information: Boeseman 1972:295 [ref. 19698]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155]. For locality information see Boeseman 1972:295 [ref. 19698]. Marceniuk & Ferraris 2003:449 [ref. 27061] act as first reviser in giving precedence to Arius arenatus over A. fissus. •Status uncertain -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Cathorops fissus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Le Bail et al. 2000:34 [ref. 24549], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192]). •Synonym of Cathorops spixii (Agassiz 1829) -- (Acero P. 2003:849 [ref. 26998]). •Synonym of Cathorops arenatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:449 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:97 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:43 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk 2007:363 [ref. 29509], Marceniuk et al. 2012:91 [ref. 31865]). Current status: Synonym of Cathorops arenatus (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

flavescens, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:462 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Cayenne, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8566 (mounted). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:11 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]. possibly Ariidae. •Species inquirenda in Sciades -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:111 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Betancur-R. 2008:827 [ref. 29950]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fossor, Pimelodes Lichtenstein [M. H. C.] 1823:112 [Verzeichniss der Doubletten des zoologischen Museums der Königl. Universität zu Berlin, nebst Beschreibung...; ref. 17525] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:431 [ref. 29155]. Kulongowski 2010:13 [ref. 30940] suggests that 5 syntypes were chosed by Bleeker, but the code does not permit such selection' no types are known. •Questionably a synonym of Galeichthys feliceps Valenciennes 1840 -- (Kailola 2004:136 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:63 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Siluriformes -- (Ferraris 2007:431 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym Galeichthys feliceps Valenciennes 1840 or Galeichthys feliceps Valenciennes 1840-- (Kulongowski 2010:13 [ref. 30940]). Current status: Synonym of Galeichthys feliceps Valenciennes 1840. Ariidae: Galeichthyinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

froggatti, Arius Ramsay [E. P.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1886:14 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 14464] Strickland River, New Guinea. Holotype (unique): AMS B.9936. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:42 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius froggatti Ramsay & Ogilby 1886 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Cinetodus froggatti (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886) -- (Roberts 1978:41 [ref. 8886], Paxton et al. 1989:220 [ref. 12442], Larson & Martin 1990:14 [ref. 16606], Allen 1991:57 [ref. 21090], Kailola 1999:1876 [ref. 24732], Kailola 2000:137 [ref. 25113], Allen et al. 2000:51 [ref. 27467], Allen et al. 2002:74 [ref. 25930], Kailola 2004:133 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:353 [ref. 28997], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:51 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:42 [ref. 29155], Allen et al. 2008:46 [ref. 30265], Larson et al. 2013:38 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:21 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Cinetodus froggatti (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Papua Province, Indonesia; Papua New Guinea and northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

fuerthii, Arius Steindachner [F.] 1876:579 [29] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 72 (1. Abth.); ref. 18772] (Pacific) Panama. Syntypes: (4) MCZ 4943 (2), 4973 (3), 7691 (1); NMW 50568 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155]. On p. 29 of separate. Species originally spelled fürthii; corrected to fuerthii as based on German name. •Valid as Arius fuerthii Steindachner 1876 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:33 [ref. 37559] as furthii, Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860] as furthi). •Valid as "Cathorops" fuerthii (Steindachner 1876) -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:58 [ref. 23101], Miller 2006:171 [ref. 28615]). •Valid as Cathorops fuerthii (Steindachner 1876) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:68 [ref. 22193] as furthii, Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:880 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:59 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:161 [ref. 24555], Castro-Arguirre et al. 1999:146 [ref. 24550] as fuerthi, Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:449 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:83 [ref. 27807], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2005:54 [ref. 28341], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:44 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk 2007:46 [ref. 29324], Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008:42 [ref. 29576], Marceniuk et al. 2009:249 [ref. 30406], Marceniuk et al. 2012:666 [ref. 32225], Barriga Salazar 2014:115 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:399 [ref. 34894], Marceniuk et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34763], González-Murcia et al. 2019:291 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops fuerthii (Steindachner 1876). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico south to Peru (Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama and Peru) [but no re cent records from Colombia and south; Mexico to El Salvador also questioned]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gagora, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:167, 376, Pl. 10 (fig. 54) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Bengal estuaries, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155]. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 93 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Tachysurus gagora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800], Ataur Rahman 1989:232 [ref. 24860]). •Valid as Arius gagora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:702 [ref. 20764], Kailola 1999:1848 [ref. 24732], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Ataur Rahman 2003:255 [ref. 31338] as arias, Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Jayaram 2006:342 [ref. 28762], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:17 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:665 [ref. 32225], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989], Psomadakis et al. 2020:306 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Arius gagora (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: South and southeast Asia: India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Thailand. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

gagorides, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:441 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Ganges River, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9330 (mounted). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:3 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius gagorides (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Hemiarius sona (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gagoroides, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:42 [168] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: SMNS 10567 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:8 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:13 [ref. 29864], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:42 [ref. 313]. •Probable synonym of Arius sona (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 1999:1863 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Kailola 1999:1854 [ref. 24732], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:18 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

gambensis, Pimelodus Bowdich [S. L.] 1825:234, Fig. 50 [Fishes of Madeira; ref. 590] Gambia River, western Africa. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]. • In Ariidae," but status uncertain -- (Taylor 1990:232 [ref. 14194]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]). •Senior synonym of Carlarius latiscutatus (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:38 [ref. 29031] with question, Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2016:1747 [ref. 34564], Parenti 2019:7 [ref. 36934]). Current status: Synonym of Carlarius latiscutatus (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

genidens, Pimelodus Cuvier [G.] 1829:294 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Syntypes: MNHN 0000-1213 (2) Rio de Janeiro, B-0678 (1) Rio de la Plata. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:10 [ref. 19575] for Cuvier 1829, Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155] Available from brief description, name in footnote. Species described in more detail in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:453, Pl. 419. See Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108]. Species name misspelled gemidens by Cuvier 1831:216 [ref. 30376]. •Valid as Bagrus genidens Cuvier 1829 -- (Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192]). •Valid as Genidens genidens (Cuvier 1829) -- (López et al. 2003:367 [ref. 27366], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:97 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:66 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:667 [ref. 32225], Di Dario et al. 2013:262 [ref. 37503], Catelani et al. 2014:931 [ref. 37496], Litz & Koerber 2014:16 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:28 [ref. 35117], Petry et al. 2016:303 [ref. 34966], Nión et al. 2016:33 [ref. 35565] with author as Valenciennes 1840, Spier et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36103], Marceniuk et al. 2019:439 [ref. 36658], Ribeiro et al. 2019:8 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Genidens genidens (Cuvier 1829). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Brazil south to Argentina. Habitat: brackish.

gigas, Arius Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:386, Fig. 298 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Lokoja, Upper Niger River, Nigeria. Holotype: BMNH 1904.1.20.41. Paratypes or additional material: BMNH (2, skeletons, "types of A. latiscutatus). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius gigas Boulenger 1911 -- (Taylor 1986:154 [ref. 6195], Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Taylor 1990:230 [ref. 14194], Daget in Lévêque et al. 1992:566 [ref. 21590]). •Mention -- (Kailola 2004:146 [ref. 28108]). •Incertae sedis in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Carlarius gigas (Boulenger 1911) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:37 [ref. 29031], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2016:1745 [ref. 34564]). Current status: Valid as Arius gigas Boulenger 1911. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Western Africa: Volta, Niger and other rivers. Habitat: freshwater.

gilberti, Galeichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Williams [T. M.] in Jordan 1895:395, Pl. 26 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 2394] Upper part of astillero at Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Holotype: USNM 29213. Paratypes: BMNH 1895.5.27.244-246 (3); CAS-SU 1667 (2), 11666-68 (1, 1, 1); USNM 28161 (1, missing), 28189 (1), 28210 (1, missing), 28213 (1, missing), 28221 (2, missing), 28232 (1), 28276 (1), 28304 (1); ZMB 14043 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:41 [ref. 12291], Ferraris & Vari 1992:8 [ref. 19771], Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Galeichthys gilberti Jordan & Williams 1895 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Arius seemanni Günther 1864 -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:874 [ref. 22829]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys seemanni (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Ariopsis seemanni (Günther 1864) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:156 [ref. 24550] as seemani, Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Sciades seemanni (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:110 [ref. 29031]). •Valid as Ariopsis gilberti (Jordan & Williams 1895) -- (Marceniuk et al. 2017:19 [ref. 35431]). Current status: Valid as Ariopsis gilberti (Jordan & Williams 1895). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: From Laguna de San Juan (Sonora) to Mar Muerto (Chiapas), Mexico. Habitat: brackish, marine.

godfreyi, Tachysurus (Pararius) Whitley [G. P.] 1941:11, Fig. 8 (nos. 3-4) [Australian Zoologist v. 10 (pt 1); ref. 4701] Port Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.5270. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius mastersi Ogilby 1898 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:220 [ref. 12442], Kailola 1999:1856 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Sciades mastersi (Ogilby 1898) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys mastersi (Ogilby 1898) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:354 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Hexanematichthys mastersi (Ogilby 1898). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

goniaspis, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1857:44 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 3 (art. 9); ref. 359] Priaman, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1863.12.4.159 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:78 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Arius goniaspis Bleeker 1857 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Tan & Ng 1999:296 [ref. 24254]). •Probable synonym of "Arius" dussumieri Valenciennes 1840 -- (Kailola 1999:1847 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Plicofollis dussumieri (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:92 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:250 [reg. 32989], Marceniuk et al. 2017:[4] [ref. 35522]). Current status: Synonym of Plicofollis dussumieri (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilis, Osteogeneiosus Bleeker [P.] 1846:51 [175] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:51 [ref. 313]. See Kailola 1999:1879 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kailola 2004:141 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:87 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155] with question, Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

graeffei, Arius Kner [R.] & Steindachner [F.] 1867:383 [28], Pl. 4 (fig. 12) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 54 (pt 3); ref. 2640] Samoa [doubtful]. Holotype: NMW 67152. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]. On p. 28 of separate. •Valid as Arius graeffei Kner & Steindachner 1867 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:36 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:219 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Larson & Martin 1990:7 [ref. 16606], Allen 1991:53 [ref. 21090], Pollard & Rimmer in McDowall 1996:107 [ref. 22909], Allen 1997:60 [ref. 23977] as graefei, Larson & Williams 1997:348 [ref. 23967], Kailola 1999:1849 [ref. 24732], Johnson 1999:723 [ref. 25471], Kailola 2000:137 [ref. 25113], Allen et al. 2000:42 [ref. 27467], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:71 [ref. 25930], Morgan et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27718]). •Valid as Ariopsis graeffei (Kner & Steindachner 1867) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:351 [ref. 28997]). •Valid as Neoarius graeffei (Kner & Steindachner 1867) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:77 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155], Morgan et al. 2011:10 [ref. 31262], Larson et al. 2013:38 [ref. 32988] dated 1876, Morgan et al. 2014:13 [ref. 36567], Pusey et al. 2017:22 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Neoarius graeffei (Kner & Steindachner 1867). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Southern New Guinea and northern Australia, south to Pilbara (Western Australia) and New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

grandicassis, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:54, Pl. 427 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Guyana. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-4608. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:15 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius grandicassis Valenciennes 1840 -- (Shimizu in Uyeno et al. 1983:157 [ref. 14275], Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Cervigón 1991:133 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:257 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:47 [ref. 24221] as grandicasis, Le Bail et al. 2000:14 [ref. 24549], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002:10 [ref. 26521], Acero P. 2003:841 [ref. 26998]). •Valid as Hemiarius grandicassis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Notarius grandicassis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:43 [ref. 27192], Marceniuk 2005:98 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:82 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk et al. 2012:667 [ref. 32225], Catelani et al. 2014:931 [ref. 37496], Marceniuk et al. 2017:278 [ref. 35197], Spier et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Notarius grandicassis (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: South America: Gulf of Venezuela to mouth of Amazon River (Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela). Habitat: brackish, marine.

grandoculis, Arius Steindachner [F.] 1877:644 [86], Pl. 11 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4224] Rio Doce, southeastern Brazil. Holotype (unique): NMW 48272. Additional material: MCZ 7680-81 (1, 2) Steindachner specimens. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]. On p. 86 of separate. Misspelled as granducolis in figure index. •Status uncertain -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Potamarius grandoculis (Steindachner 1877) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:43 [ref. 27192], Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:98 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:98 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225], Catelani et al. 2014:931 [ref. 37496]). •Valid as Paragenidens grandoculis (Steindachner 1877) -- (Marceniuk et al. 2019:430 [ref. 36658]). Current status: Valid as Paragenidens grandoculis (Steindachner 1877). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: South America: coastal lakes and estuaries of southeastern Brazil. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

granosus, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:69 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Puducherry, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-0681. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:6 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155] See Kailola 1999:1859 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Nemapteryx caelatus (Valenciennes 1840) = Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Arius nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:19 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

granulatus, Arius Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1868:454 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1868; ref. 7935] Lagos, Nigeria. Holotype: ZMB 6780. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius parkii Günther 1864 -- (Taylor 1986:156 [ref. 6195], Taylor 1990:232 [ref. 14194], Daget in Lévêque et al. 1992:568 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Arius parkii Günther 1864 as incertae sedis in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Carlarius parkii (Günther 1864) -- (Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2016:1748 [ref. 34564]). Current status: Synonym of Carlarius parkii (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

granulosus, Genidens Castelnau [F. L.] 1855:34, Pl. 16 (fig. 1) [Animaux nouveaux or rares v. 2; ref. 766] Rio Araguay, Goiás, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1197. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:10 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Genidens genidens (Cuvier 1829) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:97 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:66 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Litz & Koerber 2014:17 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:28 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Genidens genidens (Cuvier 1829). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish.

gronovii, Galeichthys Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:40 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Terre-Ferme ou de la Guyane, Maracaibo; Mana River Cayenne; Bahia. Syntypes: MNHN A-8977 (1) Guyana, A-9368 (1, dry) Maracaibo. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:7 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:37 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Bagre bagre (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:96 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:26 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:37 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Bagre bagre (Linnaeus 1766). Ariidae: Bagreinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

guatemalensis, Arius Günther [A.] 1864:145 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Guatemala. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.1.11.6 (1), 1864.1.26.262 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius guatemalensis Günther 1864 -- (Villa 1982:115 [ref. 36708], Allen & Robertson 1994:67 [ref. 22193], Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Bussing & López S. 1994:60 [ref. 23101], Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:868 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:56 [ref. 24545] as guatermalensis, Bussing 1998:138 [ref. 24179], Miller 2006:168 [ref. 28615]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys guatemalensis (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Sciades guatemalensis (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:107 [ref. 29031], Matamoros et al. 2009:10 [ref. 31241], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:89 [ref. 35859]). •Valid as Ariopsis guatemalensis (Günther 1864) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:154 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:82 [ref. 27807], Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:348 [ref. 29268], McMahan et al. 2013:444 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708], Marceniuk et al. 2017:22 [ref. 35431], González-Murcia et al. 2019:291 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Ariopsis guatemalensis (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific coasts: Colorado River, Sonora (Mexico) south to Costa Rica. Habitat: brackish, marine.

guentheri, Galeichthys Regan [C. T.] 1907:124, Pl. 16 (fig. 1), 19 (fig. 3) [Biologia Centrali-Americana Part 215; ref. 3629] Gulf of Mexico. Syntypes: BMNH 1855.9.19.1105-1106 (2). Additional material: ?BMNH (1) New Orleans, Lousiana. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius felis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (authors). •Synonym of Sciades felis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:107 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Ariopsis felis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:153 [ref. 24550], Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2017:15 [ref. 35431]). Current status: Synonym of Ariopsis felis (Linnaeus 1766). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

gulosus, Tachisurus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1888:146 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 1249] Panama (Pacific). Syntypes: MCZ 4974 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Cathorops hypophthalmus (Steindachner 1876) -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:879 [ref. 22829], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:449 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:44 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2009:274 [ref. 30406]). Current status: Synonym of Cathorops hypophthalmus (Steindachner 1876). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

hainesi, Arius Kailola [P. J.] 2000:139, Figs. 9-11 [The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory v. 16; ref. 25113] Ludmilla Creek, 12°27'S, 130°46'E, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: NTM S.11507-001. Paratypes: AMS I.25995-001 (1), I.25996-001 (1), I.27414-001 (1); CSIRO C 3799 (1), H 4545-01 (2), H 4937-03 (1), H 5252-01 (2); NTM S.10190-002 (2); QM I.22657 (1); USNM 288553 (1); plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Amissidens hainesi (Kailola 2000) -- (Kailola 2004:125 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:351 [ref. 28997], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:11 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155], Larson et al. 2013:37 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Amissidens hainesi (Kailola 2000). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Southern New Guinea, northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

hamiltonis, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:291 [Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neȇrlandsch Indië v. 3 (2); ref. 19349] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 6895 (some of 12). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155]. Also appeared in Bleeker 1846:47 [ref. 313]. •Synonym of "Arius" argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 1999:1839 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Plicofollis argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:92 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plicofollis argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

hardenbergi, Arius Kailola [P. J.] 2000:137, Figs. 7-8 [The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory v. 16; ref. 25113] Manimeri River, 2°06'S, 133°45'E, Bintuni Bay, West Papua (Irian Jaya). Holotype: WAM P.29966-001. Paratypes: AMS I.29291-001 (2), NCIP 436 (1), QM I.26088 (1); plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155], Moore et al. 2008:7 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Aspisor hardenbergi (Kailola 2000) -- (Kailola 2004:128 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Hemiarius hardenbergi (Kailola 2000) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:68 [ref. 29031]). Current status: Valid as Hemiarius hardenbergi (Kailola 2000). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: New Guinea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

harmandi, Hemiarius Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:230 [20] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3889] Isle de Phu-Quoc, Gulf of Thailand. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2390. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:15 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155] On p. 20 of separate. •Valid as Arius harmandi (Sauvage 1880) -- (Kailola 1999:1850 [ref. 24732], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Ng 2003:10 [ref. 27208], Ng 2003:11 [ref. 27208]). •Valid, but incertae sedis as cf. Arius harmandi (Sauvage 1880) -- (Kailola 2004:145 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Hemiarius harmandi Sauvage 1880 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:68 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:248 [ref. 32989]). •Incertae sedis in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Hemiarius harmandi Sauvage 1880. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Borneo (?) and Thailand. Habitat: brackish.

hassleriana, Netuma Borodin [N. A.] 1934:33, Fig. B [Copeia 1934 (no. 1); ref. 16412] (Pacific) Panama. Holotype: MCZ 33213 [ex MCZ 4965]. Paratypes: MCZ 4965 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]. •Status uncertain, in Arius -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:866 [ref. 22829]). •Species inquirenda in Arridae -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:453 [ref. 27061]). •Possible synonym of Notarius kessleri (Steindachner 1876) -- (Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004:13 [ref. 28008]). •Synonym of Notarius kessleri (Steindachner 1876) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:83 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Notarius kessleri (Steindachner 1876). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

heckelii, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:42 [169] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:42 [ref. 313]. See Kailola 1999:1854 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:18 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Uncertain as Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

henni, Hexanematichthys Fisher [H. G.] & Eigenmann [C. H.] in Eigenmann 1922:30, Fig. 9 [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 1243] Río Daule, Colimes, western Ecuador. Holotype: CAS 60620 [ex IU 15045]. Paratypes: CAS 60621 [ex IU 15045] (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]. Authorship as suggested by Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155] based on footnote in original on p. 27. •Status uncertain -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:866 [ref. 22829]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys henni Eigenmann 1922 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:33 [ref. 37559], Ortega & Vari 1986:13 [ref. 9708]). •Species inquirenda in Arridae -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:453 [ref. 27061]). •Apparently a species of Potamarius Hubbs & Miller -- (Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004:13 [ref. 28008], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:398 [ref. 34894]). •Species inquirenda in Potamarius -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:98 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Potamarius henni (Fischer & Eigenmann 1922) -- (Barriga Salazar 2014:115 [ref. 35745]). •Synonym of Chinchaysuyoa labiata (Boulenger 1898) -- (Marceniuk et al. 2019:365 [ref. 36489]). Current status: Synonym of Chinchaysuyoa labiata (Boulenger 1898). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

herzbergii, Silurus Bloch [M. E.] 1794:33, Pl. 367 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 8; ref. 463] Suriname. Syntypes: ZMB 2962 (1), 8785 (1, right skin). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:46 [ref. 24282], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155] On p. 24 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 11 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Arius herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Cervigón 1991:135 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:257 [ref. 23827], González Bencomo et al. 1997:158 [ref. 24960], Aguilera 1998:47 [ref. 24221], Le Bail et al. 2000:16 [ref. 24549], Marín 2000:67 [ref. 26252], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:41 [ref. 27192]). •Valid as Selanaspis herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002:10 [ref. 26521], Acero P. 2003:851 [ref. 26998]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:347 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225], Marceniuk et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35324], Costa et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35684]). Current status: Valid as Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Caribbean and Atlantic draining rivers and estuaries from Colombia to Brazil: Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela. Habitat: brackish, marine.

heudelotii, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:73, Pl. 428 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Senegal. Syntypes: MNHN B-0689 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:8 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius heudelotii Valenciennes 1840 -- (Taylor 1986:154 [ref. 6195], Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Taylor 1990:230 [ref. 14194], Daget in Lévêque et al. 1992:567 [ref. 21590]). •Mention -- (Kailola 2004:146 [ref. 28108]). •Incertae sedis in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Carlarius heudelotii (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:37 [ref. 29031], Marceniuk et al. 2012:666 [ref. 32225], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2016:1746 [ref. 34564]). Current status: Valid as Carlarius heudelotii (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: West-central Africa, Niger River: Guinea Bissau, Nigeria and Senegal, Angola (?). Habitat: freshwater.

higuchii, Cathorops (Cathorops) Marceniuk [A. P.] & Betancur-R. [R.] 2008:32, Figs. 12-13, 15 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 29576] Colón reef, (Atlantic) Panama. Holotype: USNM 79363. Paratypes: many at USNM and UF (1 lot). •Valid as Cathorops higuchii Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008 -- (Matamoros et al. 2009:9 [ref. 31241], Marceniuk et al. 2012:93 [ref. 31865], Marceniuk et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34763] as cf. higuchii). Current status: Valid as Cathorops higuchii Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Caribbean coast of Central America: Honduras to Panama. Habitat: brackish, marine.

hymenorrhinos, Hexanematichthys Bleeker [P.] 1862:377 [7] [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 14; ref. 390] Perhaps Suriname. Holotype (unique): RMNH 3056. Type information: Van der Stigchel 1947:28 [ref. 13094], Boeseman 1972:309 [ref. 19698]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]. On p. 7 of separate. For locality information see Boeseman 1972:309 [ref. 19698]. •Synonym of Hexanematichthys herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Sciades hymenorrhinos (Bleeker 1862) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:144 [ref. 24550] as hymenorrhinus, Nelson et al. 2004:83 [ref. 27807] as hymenorrhinus, Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108] correctly as hymenorrhinos). •Synonym of Sciaedes herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]). •Questionably the senior synonym of Sciades dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

hypophthalmus, Arius Steindachner [F.] 1876:581 [31], Pl. 10 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 72 (1. Abth.); ref. 18772] Panama. Holotype (unique): not yet found at NMW or MCZ. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155]. On p. 31 of separate. See van Oijen et al. 2009:236 [ref. 30423] as hypophthalums in main heaading.. •Valid as Cathorops hypophthalmus (Steindachner 1876) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:69 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:56, 58 [ref. 23101], Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:879 [ref. 22829], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:44 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk 2007:46 [ref. 29324], Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008:42 [ref. 29576], Marceniuk et al. 2009:274 [ref. 30406], Marceniuk et al. 2012:666 [ref. 32225], Marceniuk et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34763]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops hypophthalmus (Steindachner 1876). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Brackish and fresh waters, Pacific drainage rivers, Panama. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

ingluvies, Osteogeneiosus Bleeker [P.] 1846:51 [174] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:50 [ref. 313]. See Kailola 1999:1879 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kailola 2004:141 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:87 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155] with question, Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

insculptus, Arius Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1883:41 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 2 (for 1882); ref. 2475] Panama (Pacific). Syntypes: USNM 29415 (1), 30977 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:7 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004:7 [ref. 28008], but that is not accepted (see Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Arius kessleri Steindachner 1877 -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:869 [ref. 22829]). •Probable synonym of Arius kessleri Steindachner 1877 -- (Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002:136 [ref. 26190]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys kessleri (Steindachner 1877) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Ariopsis insculptus (Jordan & Gilbert 1883) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Notarius insculptus (Jordan & Gilbert 1883) -- (Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004:7 [ref. 28008], Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2006:54 [ref. 28736], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:83 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Barriga Salazar 2014:115 [ref. 35745], Marceniuk et al. 2017:276 [ref. 35197]). Current status: Valid as Notarius insculptus (Jordan & Gilbert 1883). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Pacific Panama and Ecuador. Habitat: brackish, marine.

insidiator, Arius Kailola [P. J.] 2000:131, Figs. 3-4 [The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory v. 16; ref. 25113] Mouth of Wildman River, 12°26'S, 132°09'E, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: NTM S.11189-001. Paratypes: AMS I.28960-001 (1); KFRS F.03302 (1), F.5526-01 (1, missing 2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]. Specimens not found in KFRS F.03302 (Pogonoski, Appleyard & White, pers. comm. 9/18/2016). •Valid as Cochlefelis insidiatorr (Kailola 2000) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:54 [ref. 29031]). •Valid as Hemiarius insidiator (Kailola 2000) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:353 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Larson et al. 2013:38 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Cochlefelis insidiator (Kailola 2000). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea and northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

insularum, Netuma Greene [F. H.] in Gilbert 1897:439 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1115); ref. 1629] Gulf of Panama [not Galápagos Islands]. Holotype: USNM 47577. Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:8 [ref. 19771] with remarks that published type-locality is erroneous; Snodgrass and Heller (1905) corrected locality to Gulf of Panama, Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius kessleri Steindachner 1877 -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:869 [ref. 22829]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys kessleri (Steindachner 1877) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Notarius insculptus (Jordan & Gilbert 1883) -- (Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004:7 [ref. 28008]). •Synonym of Aspistor kessleri (Steindachner 1877) -- (Kailola 2004:128 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Notarius kessleri (Steindachner 1877) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:83 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Notarius insculptus (Jordan & Gilbert 1883) -- (Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155] dated 1882). Current status: Synonym of Notarius insculptus (Jordan & Gilbert 1883). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

intermedius, Hemipimelodus Vinciguerra [D.] 1881:178, Figured [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova v. 16; ref. 14291] Sarawak, Malaysia, Borneo. Syntypes: MSNG 14529 (2) Sarawak. Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:308 [ref. 10351], Desoutter 1977 [ref. 20628], Ferraris 2007:42 [ref. 29155].. •Valid as Hemipimelodus intermedius Vinciguerra 1881 -- (Desoutter 1977:11 [ref. 20628], Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860], Rainboth 1996:167 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Arius (?) intermedius (Vinciguerra 1881) -- (Kailola 1999:1837 [ref. 24732]). •Valid as Arius intermedius (Vinciguerra 1881) -- (Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Ng 2003:2 [ref. 27208]). •Possible synonym of Cephalocassis borneensis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Kailola 2004:133 [ref. 28108]). •Questionably a synonym of Cephalocassis borneensis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:49 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989]). •Species inquirenda in Cephalocassis -- (Ferraris 2007:42 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Uncertain as Cephalocassis borneensis (Bleeker 1851). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Borneo, Malaysia [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

isthmensis, Aelurichthys Regan [C. T.] 1907:117, Pl. 15 (fig. 1), 19 (fig. 1) [Biologia Centrali-Americana Part 215; ref. 3629] Colón, (Atlantic) Panama. Syntypes: BMNH 1877.5.31.7-8 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Bagre panamensis (Gill 1863) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:129 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:30 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Bagre panamensis (Gill 1863). Ariidae: Bagreinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

izabalensis, Potamarius Hubbs [C. L.] & Miller [R. R.] 1960:104, Figs. 1-4, 6 [Copeia 1960 (no. 2); ref. 2259] Lago de Izabal [Yzabal], 1 mile west of El Paraíso, Guatemala. Holotype: USNM 134347. Paratypes: UMMZ 177251-52 (5, 2); USNM 114500 (22, now 21), 134346 (now 9), 134348 (1), 179837 [not 139837] (2, not 3). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:9 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Potamarius izabalensis Hubbs & Miller 1960 -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Acero P. 2003:837 [ref. 26998], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:453 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:98 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:348 [ref. 29268], Betancur-R. & Willink 2007:826 [ref. 29439], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225], Marceniuk et al. 2019:440 [ref. 36658]). Current status: Valid as Potamarius izabalensis Hubbs & Miller 1960. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Lake Izabal basin and possibly Polochic River, Guatemala. Habitat: freshwater.

jacksonensis, Netuma thalassina Whitley [G. P.] 1941:12, Fig. 8 (nos. 1-2) [Australian Zoologist v. 10 (pt 1); ref. 4701] Port Jackson, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.10095. Paratypes: AMS I.4689 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Kailola 1986:546 [ref. 6312], Paxton et al. 1989:220 [ref. 12442], Kailola 1999:1865 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Netuma thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:355 [ref. 28997], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:80 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837) -- (Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

jatius, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:171, 376 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Bengal, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155]. Name is a noun in apposition (Kottelat 2013). •Valid as Hemipimelodus jatius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:49 [ref. 6800], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:708 [ref. 20764], Jayaram 2006:332 [ref. 28762]). •Valid as Cephalocassis jatia (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ferraris2007:41 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Arius jatius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:17 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:246 [32989]). Current status: Valid as Cephalocassis jatius (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

javensis, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:445 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]. See Kailola 1999:1862 [ref. 24732]. •Questionably a synonym of Hexanematichthys sagor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Sciades sagor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:110 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys sagor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:248 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hexanematichthys sagor (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

jella, Arius Day [F.] 1877:467, Pl. 106 (fig. 3) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Madras, Coromandel Coast, India. Syntypes: ZSI 1304 (1, figured specimen). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:158 [ref. 23762], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]. •Probable synonym of Arius gagora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 1999:1848 [ref. 24732]). •Valid as Arius jella Day 1877 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Khan 2003:8 [ref. 27710], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108] with question, Jayaram 2006:343 [ref. 28762], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:17 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Arius -- (Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Arius gagoa (Hamilton 1922) -- (Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Arius gagora (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Thailand [if valid]. Habitat: brackish, marine.

jimenezi, Ariopsis Marceniuk [A. P.], Acero P. [A.], Cooke [R.] & Betancur-R [R.] 2017:27, Figs. 3E, 16-17 [Zootaxa 4290 (no. 1); ref. 35431] Casaya Island, Archipiélago de las Perlas, Panama. Holotype: STRI 8660. Paratypes: STRI. •Valid as Ariopsis jimenezi Marceniuk, Acero P., Cooke & Betancur-R 2017. Current status: Valid as Ariopsis jimenezi Marceniuk, Acero P., Cooke & Betancur-R 2017. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Archipiélago de Las Perlas, Panama, Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

johannae, Septobranchus Hardenberg [J. D. F.] 1941:223, Fig. 3 [Treubia, Buitenzorg v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 2037] Merauke, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:42 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Cinetodus froggatti (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886) -- (Kailola 1999:1876 [ref. 24732], Kailola 2004:133 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:51 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:42 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Cinetodus froggatti (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

jordani, Tachisurus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1888:142 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 1249] (Pacific) Panama. Syntypes: MCZ 4945 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155]. Original genus is correctly Trachysurus. •Valid as Hexanematichthys jordani (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:33 [ref. 37559]). •Valid as Arius jordani (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888) -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Arius seemanni Günther 1864 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:68 [ref. 22193], Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:874 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:160 [ref. 24555]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys seemanni (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades seemanni (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:110 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Ariopsis seemanni (Günther 1864) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:156 [ref. 24550] as seemani, Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2017:31 [ref. 35431]). Current status: Synonym of Ariopsis seemanni (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

kailolae, Cathorops (Cathorops) Marceniuk [A. P.] & Betancur-R. [R.] 2008:36, Figs. 16-18 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 29576] Embayment about 3 miles west of El Estor, lago Izabal, Guatemala. Holotype: USNM 134330. Paratypes: AMNH 35074 (7); AUM 19407 (6); UF 35320 (12); USNM 385739 (1). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Cathorops kailolae Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008 -- (Marceniuk et al. 2012:93 [ref. 31865], Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops kailolae Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Lake Izabal basin, Guatemala and Usumacinta River basin in Mexico and Guatemala. Habitat: freshwater.

kanganamanensis, Arius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:387, Fig. 32 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Sepik River at Kanganaman (175 miles from sea), New Guinea. Holotype: FMNH 17194. Paratypes: CAS-SU 24450 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:40-41 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:11 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius kanganamanensis Herre 1935 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Arius solidus Herre 1935 -- (Kailola 1990:9 [ref. 19337] as kanganamensis, Allen & Coates 1990:59 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:55 [ref. 21090]). •Synonym of Brustiarius solidus (Herre 1935) -- (Kailola 2004:131 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:36 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Brustiarius solidus (Herre 1935). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kessleri, Arius Steindachner [F.] 1876:574 [24], Pl. 5 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 72 (1. Abth.); ref. 18772] Altata, (Pacific) Panama. Syntypes: (several) MCZ 4944 (6); NMW 48112 (1), 48247-49 (1, 1, 2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155]. On p. 24 of separate. •Valid as Arius kessleri Steindachner 1876 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:67 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:62 [ref. 23101], Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:869 [ref. 22829], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:151 [ref. 24550], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002:133 [ref. 26190]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys kessleri (Steindachner 1876) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Ariopsis kessleri (Steindachner 1876) -- (Nelson et al. 2004:82 [ref. 27807]). •Valid as Aspistor kessleri (Steindachner 1876) -- (Kailola 2004:128 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Notarius kessleri (Steindachner 1876) -- (Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004:18 [ref. 28008], Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2006:55 [ref. 28736], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:83 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], McMahan et al. 2013:445 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:400 [ref. 34894], Marceniuk et al. 2017:276 [ref. 35197]). Current status: Valid as Notarius kessleri (Steindachner 1876). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Pacific coast of Central America: Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Mexico and Panama. Habitat: brackish, marine.

kirkii, Arius Günther [A.] 1864:163, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Shupanga, Zambezi River. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.1.9.54 (skin). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155], •Synonym of Arius dussumieri Valenciennes 1840 -- (Taylor 1986:154 [ref. 6195], Kailola 1999:1847 [ref. 24732] as "Arius"). •Synonym of Ariodes dussumieri (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Taylor 1986:212 [ref. 6282]). •Synonym of Plicofollis dussumieri (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:250 [reg. 32989], Marceniuk et al. 2017:[4] [ref. 35522]). Current status: Synonym of Plicofollis dussumieri (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

labiatus, Arius Boulenger [G. A.] 1898:6 [Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata della R. Università di Torino v. 13 (no. 329); ref. 14677] Río Peripa, Ecuador. Holotype (unique): MZUT 1540. Type catalog: Tortonese 1940:136 [ref. 21559]. •Valid as Hexanematichthys labiatus (Boulenger 1898) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:34 [ref. 37559]). •Status uncertain -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:866 [ref. 22829]). •Species inquirenda in Arridae -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:453 [ref. 27061]). •Apparently a species of Potamarius Hubbs & Miller -- (Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004:13 [ref. 28008]). •Species inquirenda in Potamarius -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:98 [ref. 29031]). •Valid as Chinchaysuyoa labiata (Boulenger 1898) -- (Marceniuk et al. 2019:365 [ref. 36489]). Current status: Valid as Chinchaysuyoa labiata (Boulenger 1898). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: South America: Guayas River basin (western Ecuador). Habitat: freshwater.

laeviceps, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:38 [165] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:38 [ref. 313]. See Kailola 1999:1869 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Arius venosus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:20 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Arius venosus Valenciennes 1840. Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

laevigatus, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:439 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Red Sea. Holotype: MNHN B-0710. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:3 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837) -- (Taylor 1986:159 [ref. 6195]). •Synonym of Arius thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Kailola 1986:546 [ref. 6312], Kailola 1999:1865 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Netuma thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:80 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837) -- (Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lagoensis, Arius Pfaff [J. R.] 1933:298, Figs. 9-10 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 16517] Lagos, Nigeria. Holotype: ZMUC 1.8.1928.87. Paratypes: ZMUC 1.8.1928.88 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:50 [ref. 9588], Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius latiscutatus Günther 1864 -- (Taylor 1986:155 [ref. 6195], Taylor 1990:231 [ref. 14194], Daget in Lévêque et al. 1992:566 [ref. 21590]). •Incertae sedis in Ariidae as synonym of latiscutatus Günther 1864 -- (Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Carlarius latiscutatus (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:38 [ref. 29031], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2016:1747 [ref. 34564]). Current status: Synonym of Carlarius latiscutatus (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

laticeps, Arius Günther [A.] 1864:171, Figs. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Trinidad Island, West Indies; Guyana. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.6.18.8 (1) Trinidad, 1976.2.25.1 (1) Guyana. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius laticeps Günther 1864 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Species inquirenda in Cathorops Jordan & Gilbert 1883 -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:46 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Cathorops nuchalis (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk et al. 2012:78 [ref. 31865]). Current status: Synonym of Cathorops nuchalis (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Venezuela (Lake Maracaiibo) to Guyana. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

latirostris, Arius Macleay [W.] 1883:277, Fig. [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 17587] Goldie River, Papua New Guinea. Syntypes: AMS I.9072-74 (1, 1, 1), I.9127 (1), I.13398 [ex MAMU] (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius latirostris Macleay 1883 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Kailola 1990:23 [ref. 19337], Allen 1991:53 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:43 [ref. 27467]). •Valid as Ariopsis latrostris (Macleay 1883) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108] dated 1884). •Valid as Potamosilurus latirostris (Macleay 1883) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:101 [ref. 29031], Allen et al. 2008:56 [ref. 30265], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225]). •Valid as Neoarius latrirostris (Macleay 1883) -- (Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Potamosilurus latirostris (Macleay 1883). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

latiscutatus, Arius Günther [A.] 1864:151, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Fernando Póo Island [Bioco Island], Equatorial Guinea, Gulf of Guinea. Lectotype: BMNH 1864.2.26.1 (skin). Paralectotypes: BMNH (2, skeletons). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Taylor 1990:231 [ref. 14194]. •Mention -- (Kailola 2004:146 [ref. 28108]). •Incertae sedis in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Arius latiscutatus Günther 1864 -- (Taylor 1986:155 [ref. 6195], Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Taylor 1990:231 [ref. 14194], Daget in Lévêque et al. 1992:566 [ref. 21590], Vreven & De Vos 2007:578 [ref. 30015]. Kramer et al. 2016:unnumbered p. [ref. 34331], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564]). •Valid as Carlarius latiscutatus (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:38 [ref. 29031], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2016:1747 [ref. 34564]). Current status: Valid as Carlarius latiscutatus (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Widespread in coastal western Africa. Habitat: brackish, marine.

layardi, Arius Günther [A.] 1866:474 [2], Pl. 15 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 18 (no. 108); ref. 18186] Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.7.12.12. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155]. On p. 2 of separate. •Probable synonym of "Arius" argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 1999:1839 [ref. 24732]). •Questionably the same as Plicofollis tenuispinis (Day 1877) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:96 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Plicofollis argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Plicofollis layardi (Günther 1866) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Coad 2010:224 [ref. 36620], Kottelat 2013:250 [reg. 32989], Psomadakis et al. 2015:167 [ref. 34104], Marceniuk et al. 2017:[4] [ref. 35522], Ali et al. 2018:312 [ref. 36183]). Current status: Valid as Plicofollis layardi (Günther 1866). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Habitat: brackish, marine.

leiotetocephalus, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:292 [Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neȇrlandsch Indië v. 3 (2); ref. 19349] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 5277 (1), 16011 (5); SMNS 817et (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:8 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:13 [ref. 29864], Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155]. Also appeared in Bleeker 1846:48 [ref. 313]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:74 [ref. 30423] as leiocephalus. •Valid as Arius leiotetocephalus Bleeker 1846 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Chen et al. 1997:23 [ref. 26476] dated 1865, Dai in Chu et al. 1999:186 [ref. 24534], Nakabo 2000:281 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:281 [ref. 26001]). •Synonym of "Arius" nella (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 1999:1858 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Plicofollis nella (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:93 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:251 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plicofollis nella (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lentiginosus, Tachisurus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1888:139 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 1249] Panama (Pacific). Syntypes: MCZ 4970 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius lentiginosus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:67 [ref. 22193], Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:870 [ref. 22829]). •Likely a Notarius -- (Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004:12 [ref. 28008]). •Valid as Ariopsis lentiginosus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Notarius lentiginosus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061], Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004:18 [ref. 28008], Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2006:55 [ref. 28736], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:83 [ref. 29031], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk et al. 2012:667 [ref. 32225]). Current status: Valid as Notarius lentiginosus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Pacific coast of Panama. Habitat: brackish, marine.

leptaspis, Hexanematichthys Bleeker [P.] 1862:27, [Pl. 65] [Atlas ichthyologique des Indes Orientales Néêrlandaises; ref. 393] Southwestern New Guinea. Holotype (unique): RMNH 3060. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]. Text published in 1862, Pl. 65 published in 1863. Also appeared in Bleeker 1863:70 [ref. 17010]. •Valid as Arius leptaspis (Bleeker 1862) -- (Roberts 1978:32 [ref. 8886], Paxton et al. 1989:219 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Allen 1991:53 [ref. 21090], Kailola 1999:1851 [ref. 24732], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Allen et al. 2000:44 [ref. 27467], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:72 [ref. 25930]). •Valid as Ariopsis leptaspis (Bleeker 1862) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:352 [ref. 28997]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys sagor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Sciades leptaspis (Bleeker 1862) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031], Allen et al. 2008:59 [ref. 30265], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225]). •Valid as Neoarius leptaspis (Bleeker 1862) -- (Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155], Pusey et al. 2017:22 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Neoarius leptaspis (Bleeker 1862). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Northern Australia and New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

leptocassis, Hexanematichthys Bleeker [P.] 1861:65 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 12; ref. 12601] Penang, Malaysia. Syntypes: Unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Sciades sona (Hamilton 1822) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:110 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Hemiarius -- (Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]). •Possible synonym of Hemiarius sona (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108], Kottelat 2013:248 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Hemiarius sona (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

leptonotacanthus, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1849:11 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [8]; ref. 320] Madura Straits near Surabaya and Kammal, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.12.4.144 (1) Madura. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:34 [ref. 29155] with a holotype. See van Oijen et al. 2009:89 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Arius leptonotacanthus Bleeker 1849 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:80 [ref. 23448], Kailola 1999:1852 [ref. 24732], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Ng 2003:10 [ref. 27208], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:17 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:34-35 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Arius leptonotacanthus Bleeker 1849. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Indonesia and Thailand. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lingifilis, Pimelodus Bleeker [P.] 1864:67 [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 2) v. 20; ref. 14181] Not available, manuscript name mentioned in passing in synonymy of Pimelodus bagre. Ariidae: Ariinae.

liropus, Tachysurus Bristol [S. B.] in Gilbert 1897:438 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1115); ref. 1629] San Juan Lagoon, near mouth of Río Ahome, Sonora, Mexico. Syntypes: (6) CAS-SU 324 (3) [not 234 as given by Böhlke 1953]; USNM 47584 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:41 [ref. 12291], Ferraris & Vari 1992:9 [ref. 19771] with USNM 47584 as syntypes (2), and 4 others unaccounted for, Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius liropus (Bristol 1897) -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Species inquirenda in Cathorops Jordan & Gilbert 1883 -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Cathorops fuerthii (Steindachner 1877) -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:880 [ref. 22829], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:147 [ref. 24550] as fuerthi, Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:44 [ref. 29031]). •Valid as Cathorops liropus (Bristol 1897) -- (Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008:42 [ref. 29576], Marceniuk et al. 2009:257 [ref. 30406], Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:89 [ref. 35859]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops liropus (Bristol 1897). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Pacific coast of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

longicephalus, Tachisurus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1888:143 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 1249] Gulf of Panama, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype (unique): MCZ 4972. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Tachysurus. Misspelled longicehpalus on p. 143; longicephalus on p. 118. •Synonym of Arius dasycephalus Günther 1864 -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:867 [ref. 22829]). •Synonym of Cathorops dasycephalus (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:449 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:43 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2009:274 [ref. 30406]). Current status: Synonym of Cathorops dasycephalus (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

longiceps, Osteogeneiosus Bleeker [P.] 1846:50 [174] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:50 [ref. 313]. See Kailola 1999:1879 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kailola 2004:141 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:87 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155] with question, Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

longispinis, Aelurichthys Günther [A.] 1864:178 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] South America and Mexico. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1976.2.18.1 (1), 1976.2.18.2 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Bagre marinus (Mitchill 1815) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:143 [ref. 24550], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:96 [ref. 28718], Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Bagre marinus (Mitchill 1815). Ariidae: Bagreinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

luniscutis, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:109 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Brazil. Syntypes: MNHN A-8980 (2), B-0595 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:11 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Acero P. 2003:842 [ref. 26998]). •Valid as Arius luniscutis Valenciennes 1840 -- (Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639]). •Likely a Notarius -- (Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004:11-12 [ref. 28008]). •Valid as Aspistor luniscutis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192], Kailola 2004:128 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:96 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:21 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk & Birindelli 2010:61 [ref. 30960], Marceniuk et al. 2012:639 [ref. 32225], Catelani et al. 2014:931 [ref. 37496], Spier et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36103]). •Valid as Notarius luniscutis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268]). Current status: Valid as Aspistor luniscutis (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: French Guiana to southern Brazil. Habitat: brackish, marine.

machadoi, Tachysurus Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1918:110 [Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Sciências v. 2; ref. 27234] Macaé, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype: MNRJ 661. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155]. Name also spelled mochadoi on p. 109 (key) of original description. •Valid as Genidens machadoi (Miranda Ribeiro 1918) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192], Marceniuk 2005:98 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk 2005:113 [ref. 29379], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:66 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:667 [ref. 32225], Catelani et al. 2014:931 [ref. 37496], Litz & Koerber 2014:17 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:28 [ref. 35117], Marceniuk et al. 2019:434 [ref. 36658]). Current status: Valid as Genidens machadoi (Miranda Ribeiro 1918). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) south to Argentina: southeastern Pacific: possibly Chile. Habitat: brackish, marine.

macracanthus, Arius Günther [A.] 1864:167, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Thailand. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1862.11.1.222. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]. See Kailola 1999:1848 [ref. 24732]. •Valid as Arius macracanthus Günther 1864 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108] with question). •Species inquirenda in Arius -- (Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]). •Synonymy of Arius gagora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Arius gagora (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Thailand [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

macrocephalus, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:40 [167] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.12.4.78 (1), RMNH 6896 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:40 [ref. 313]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:70 [ref. 30423]. •Doubtful status -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •See Kailola 1999:1879 [ref. 24732]. •Valid as Arius macrocephalus Bleeker 1846 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:219 [ref. 12442], Johnson 1999:723 [ref. 25471]). •Synonym of "Arius" argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 1999:1839 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Plicofollis argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:355 [ref. 28997], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:92 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:150 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plicofollis argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

macrocephalus, Hemipimelodus Bleeker [P.] 1858:239 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 4 (art. 2); ref. 365] Bandjarmasin, southern Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1863.12.4.116 (1), no locality, RMNH 27618 [ex RMNH 6904] (1) Borneo (Bandjarmassin). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155]. Illustrated as Silur. Pl. 34 (fig. 2) [cumulative Pl. 82], published in Bleeker 1863 [ref. 393]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:210 [ref. 30423]. •Synonym of Hemipimelodus borneensis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Desoutter 1977:21 [ref. 20628]). •Valid as Hemipimelodus macrocephalus Bleeker 1858 -- (Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Cephalocassis borneensis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:49 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155]. Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cephalocassis borneensis (Bleeker 1851). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrocephalus, Osteogeneiosus Bleeker [P.] 1846:49 [173] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.12.4.51 (1), NMV 45847 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:49 [ref. 313]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:108 [ref. 30423]. •Synonym of Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 2003:252 [ref. 31338], Kailola 2004:141 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:87 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155] with question, Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

macronemus, Bagrus Ranzani [C.] 1841:65 [Nuovi annali delle scienze naturali e rendiconto dei lavori dell'Accademia della Scienze dell'Instituto di Bologna con appendice agraria. Bologna Anno III, Tomo V; ref. 24074] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MZUB 930. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:37 [ref. 29155]. Also appeared in more detail in Ranzani 1842:334, Pl. 28 [ref. 18607]. •Synonym of Bagre bagre (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:96 [ref. 28718], Ferraris 2007:37 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Bagre bagre (Linnaeus 1766). Ariidae: Bagreinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

macronotacanthus, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:32 [159] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6901. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1863.12.4.59 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]. Appeared later in Bleeker 1846:159 [ref. 5872]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:91 [ref. 30423] as macronothacanthus. •Valid as Tachysurus macronotacanthus (Bleeker 1846) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800]). •Valid as Arius macronotacanthus Bleeker 1846 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Kailola 1999:1853 [ref. 24732], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Ng 2003:10 [ref. 27208], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:18 [ref. 29031]). •Questionably a synonym of Arius caelatus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:79 [ref. 23448], Tan & Ng 1999:295 [ref. 24254]). •Valid as Nemapteryx macronotacanthus (Bleeker 1846) -- (Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Nemapteryx macronotacantha (Bleeker 1846) -- (Ferraris 2007:46-47 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Nemapteryx macronotacantha (Bleeker 1846). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: South and southeast Asia: India, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

macrorhynchus, Hemipimelodus Weber [M.] 1913:549, Fig. 27 [Süsswasserfische aus Niederländisch Süd- und Nord-Neu-Guinea v. 9 (livr. 4); ref. 4603] Lorentz River, van Weelskamp, Bivak River and Alkmaar, New Guinea. Syntypes: ZMA 111085-86 (2, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:53 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemipimelodus macrorhynchus Weber 1913 -- (Desoutter 1977:13 [ref. 20628], Roberts 1978:39 [ref. 8886], Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Arius macrorhynchus (Weber 1913) -- (Kailola 1990:23, 24 [ref. 19337], Allen 1991:54 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:45 [ref. 27467]). •Valid as incertae sedis, cf. Arius macrorhynchus (Weber 1913) -- (Kailola 2004:146 [ref. 28108]). •Incertae sedis in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Potamosilurus macrorhynchus (Weber 1913) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:102 [ref. 29031], Allen et al. 2008:57 [ref. 30265], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225]). Current status: Valid as Potamosilurus macrorhynchus (Weber 1913). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

macruropterygius, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:37 [164] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:37 [ref. 313]. See Kailola 1999:1869 [ref. 24732]. •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Arius venosus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:20 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Arius venosus Valenciennes 1840. Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

maculatus, Silurus Thunberg [C. P.] 1792:31, Pl. 1 (fig. 2, 2 views) [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 13 (for 1792); ref. 17916] China; Japan. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tachysurus maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800]). •Valid as Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:43 [ref. 19754], Sawada in Masuda et al. 1984:60 [ref. 6441], Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:80 [ref. 23448], Randall 1995:75 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:158 [ref. 27969], Rainboth 1996:164 [ref. 22772], Kailola 1999:1854 [ref. 24732], Tan & Ng 1999:296 [ref. 24254], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:239 [ref. 24754], Nakabo 2000:281 [ref. 25086], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:185 [ref. 25703], Nakabo 2002:281 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:187, 525 [ref. 26218], Ng 2003:10 [ref. 27208], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:18 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:665 [ref. 32225], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:43 [ref. 34464], Psomadakis et al. 2015:163 [ref. 34104], Sulaiman et al. 2018:44 [ref. 35802], Psomadakis et al. 2020:306 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Sri Lanka and Myanmar east to Philippines, north to China. Habitat: brackish, marine.

madagascariensis, Arius Vaillant [L. L.] 1894:77 [10] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (8th Série) v. 6; ref. 14567] Murundava River, western Madagascar. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1894-0002. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:8 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155], Fricke et al. 2018:61 [ref. 35805]. Page 10 of separate. •Valid as Arius madagascariensis Vaillant 1894 -- (Taylor 1986:156 [ref. 6195], Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Ng & Sparks 2003:9 [ref. 27207], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:18 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:665 [ref. 32225], Fricke et al. 2018:61 [ref. 35805]). •Possibly valid as Ariopsis madagascariensis (Vaillant 1894) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108]). Current status: Valid as Arius madagascariensis Vaillant 1894. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Western Madagascar [African records in error]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

magatensis, Arius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1926:396, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Philippine Journal of Science v. 31 (no. 3); ref. 10951] Magat River, at Bagabag, Nueva Vizcaya, Luzon Island, Philippines. Syntypes: BSMP (6) presumed destroyed. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Plicofollis -- (Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Arius magatensis Herre 1926 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Plicofollis magatensis (Herre 1926) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:93 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989], Marceniuk et al. 2017:[4] [ref. 35522]). Current status: Valid as Plicofollis magatensis (Herre 1926). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

malabaricus, Arius Day [F.] 1877:464, Pl. 107 (fig. 4) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Canara [Coastal Karnataka], India. Holotype (unique): ZSI 1305. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:158 [ref. 23762], Jayaram & Dhanze 1981:121 [ref. 34338], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tachysurus malabaricus (Day 1877) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800], Jayaram & Dhanze 1981:121 [ref. 34338]). •Possible synonym of Arius jella Day 1877 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Arius malabaricus Day 1877 -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:18 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Arius malabaricus Day 1877. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: brackish, marine.

manglarensis, Cathorops Marceniuk [A. P.] 2007:34, Figs. 1-2, 5 [Zootaxa No. 1529; ref. 29324] Off Cape Manglares, south of Tumaco, 1°35'05"N. 79°03'30"W, Pacific coast of Colombia. Holotype: USNM 286392. Paratypes: USNM 286388 (3), 286389 (2), 388316 (8). •Valid as Cathorops manglarensis Marceniuk 2007 -- (Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008:42 [ref. 29576], Marceniuk et al. 2009:274 [ref. 30406], Marceniuk et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34763]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops manglarensis Marceniuk 2007. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Pacific coast of Colombia and Peru. Habitat: marine.

manillensis, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:93 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Manila, Philippines. Holotype (unique): MNHN. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155]. Not the same as Pimelodus manillensis Valenciennes 1840. •Uncertain status -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Arius manillensis Valenciennes 1840 -- (Kailola 1999:1855 [ref. 24732], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:19 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:665 [ref. 32225], Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989]), Current status: Valid as Arius manillensis Valenciennes 1840. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

manillensis, Pimelodus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:192 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Manila, Philippines. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1209. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:14 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemipimelodus manillensis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Desoutter 1977:16 [ref. 20628], Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Cephalocassis manillensis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155]). •Species inquirenda in Cephalocassis -- (Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Cephalocassis manillensis (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

manjong, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:36 [163] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:36 [ref. 313]. See Kailola 1999:1869 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Arius venosus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:20 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Arius venosus Valenciennes 1840. Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mapale, Cathorops Betancur-R. [R.] & Acero P. [A.] 2005:47, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 1045; ref. 28341] Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta, Magdalena, Colombia, 10°59'N, 74°17'W. Holotype: INVEMAR-PEC 5333. Paratypes: ICNMHN 8244 (1), 8245 (2), 8246 (2), 8247 (1) (all missing); INVEMAR-PEC 277 (1), 1584 (1), 3654 (1), 5197 (1), 5348 (1)5501 (2), 5730 (1), 5731 (2), 5732 (1), 5733 (26, c&s) Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155], Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:43 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Cathorops mapale Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2005 -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:44 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008:41 [ref. 29576], Marceniuk et al. 2009:249 [ref. 30406], Marceniuk et al. 2012:91 [ref. 31865], Marceniuk et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34763]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops mapale Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2005. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Caribbean: Colombia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

marinus, Silurus Larrañaga [D. A.] 1923:376 [Escritos de Don Dámaso Antonio Larrañaga v. 2; ref. 22561] Uruguay. No types known. Corresponds to Silurus 16-radiatus on p. 386. Appeared as Silurus marinus vel 16-radiatus in Devincenzi 1925:309, 322 [ref. 20322]; Devincenzi treated as a synonym of Trachysurus barbus (Lacép.) [= Pimelodus barbus Lacepède 1803]. Perhaps marinus was intended for Silurus marinus Mitchill 1815. •Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:65 [ref. 29031], Litz & Koerber 2014:16 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:28 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

marinus, Silurus Mitchill [S. L.] 1815:433 [Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814); ref. 13292] New York, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:37 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Bagre marinus (Mitchill 1815) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:83 [ref. 23100], Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860], Cervigón 1991:142 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:67 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:260 [ref. 23827], Andreata & Séret 1996:582 [ref. 16204] dated 1814, Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:82 [ref. 22947], Murdy et al. 1997:96 [ref. 23144], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:362 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:47 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:143 [ref. 24550], Le Bail et al. 2000:30 [ref. 24549], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002:10 [ref. 26521], Acero P. 2003:848 [ref. 26998], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:11 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:83 [ref. 27807], Kailola 2004:129 [ref. 28108], Acero P. et al. 2005:129 [ref. 28551], Marceniuk 2005:96 [ref. 28718], Miller 2006:169 [ref. 28615], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:26 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:37 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Betancur-R. & Willink 2007:826 [ref. 29439], Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708], Catelani et al. 2014:931 [ref. 37496], Marceniuk et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35324], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:344 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:153 [ref. 35886], Spier et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Bagre marinus (Mitchill 1815). Ariidae: Bagreinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (U.S.A.) south to southern Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mastersi, Arius Ogilby [J. D.] 1898:34 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 23 (pt 1); ref. 5861] Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.25690-001 [ex MAMU F.153]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius mastersi Ogilby 1898 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:220 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Larson & Williams 1997:348 [ref. 23967], Kailola 1999:1856 [ref. 24732], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847]). •Valid as Sciades mastersi (Ogilby 1898) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys mastersi (Ogilby 1898) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:354 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155], Larson et al. 2013:38 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Hexanematichthys mastersi (Ogilby 1898). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Southern New Guinea and Australia: Australia, Irian Jaya and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mazatlana, Netuma Gilbert [C. H.] 1904:255, Pl. 25 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 3) v. 3 (no. 9); ref. 12422] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 7138. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:41 [ref. 12291] as mazatlani. •Synonym of Arius platypogon Günther 1864 -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:873 [ref. 22829]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys platypogon (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Aspistor platypogon (Günther 1864) -- (Kailola 2004:128 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Sciades platyopgon (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:109 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Occidentarius platypogon (Günther 1864) Current status: Synonym of Occidentarius platypogon (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

melanochir, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1852:590 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 334] Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6892. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1863.12.4.68 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:87 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Arius melanochir Bleeker 1852 -- (Roberts 1989:110 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:80 [ref. 23448], Tan & Ng 1999:297 [ref. 24254], Ng 2003:2 [ref. 27208]). •Valid as Cephalocassis melanochir (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kailola 2004:133 [ref. 28108], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:163 [ref. 28284], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:50 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:666 [ref. 32225], Kottelat 2013:248 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Cephalocassis melanochir (Bleeker 1852). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Indonesia and Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

melanopterygius, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1849:10 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [8]; ref. 320] Madura Straits near Surabaya and Kammal, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]. See Kailola 1999:1859 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Nemapteryx caelatus (Valenciennes 1840) = Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Arius nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:19 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

melanopus, Arius Günther [A.] 1864:172 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Río Motagua, Guatemala. Syntypes: (2?) BMNH 1865.4.29.51-53 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius melanopus Günther 1864 -- (Villa 1982:115 [ref. 36708], Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Cathorops melanopus (Günther 1864) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:147 [ref. 24550], Acero P. 2003:837 [ref. 26998], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:449 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:83 [ref. 27807], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2005:54 [ref. 28341], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:16 [ref. 28815], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:45 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Betancur-R. & Willink 2007:826 [ref. 29439], Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008:39 [ref. 29576], Matamoros et al. 2009:9 [ref. 31241], Marceniuk et al. 2012:93 [ref. 31865], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:344 [ref. 36407]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops melanopus (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Montagua River basin, Guatemala. Habitat: freshwater.

mercatoris, Arius Poll [M.] 1949:201, Fig. 8 [Mémoires, Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 2.Séries, No. 33; ref. 13028] Atlantic, 12°34'N, 17°09'W, depth 8-10 fathoms. Holotype (unique): IRSNB 89. Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:14 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:25 [ref. 21528], Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius heudelotii Valenciennes 1840 -- (Taylor 1986:155 [ref. 6195], Taylor 1990:231 [ref. 14194], Daget in Lévêque et al. 1992:567 [ref. 21590]). •Incerate sedis in Arriidae as synonym of heudelotii Valencieines 1840 -- (Ferraris 2007:31 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Carlarius heudelotii (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:37 [ref. 29031], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2016:1746 [ref. 34564]). Current status: Synonym of Carlarius heudelotii (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

mesops, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:456 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Puerto Rico [not stated]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9347 (dry). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:12-13 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Hexanematichthys herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031] with question, Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

meyenii, Bagrus (Ariodes) Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1849:9 [Horae Ichthyologicae No. 3; ref. 3073] Locality unknown. Holotype (unique): ZMB 3002 (stuffed). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of "Arius" nella (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 1999:1858 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Plicofollis nella (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:93 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:251 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plicofollis nella (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

microcephalus, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1855:423 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 16849] Bandjarmasin, southern Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.12.4.149 (1), RMNH 6902 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:63 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Arius microcephalus Bleeker 1855 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Kottelat & Lim 1995:243 [ref. 23210], Kailola 1999:1857 [ref. 24732], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Ng 2003:10 [ref. 27208], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:19 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Arius microcephalus Bleeker 1855. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: South and southeast Asia: Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia (Borneo). Habitat: brackish, marine.

microgastropterygius, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:33 [160] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:33 [ref. 313]. See Kailola 1999:1859 [ref. 24732]. •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Nemapteryx caelatus (Valenciennes 1840) = Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

micronotacanthus, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:36 [162] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:36 [ref. 313]. See Kailola 1999:1869 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Arius venosus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:20 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Arius venosus Valenciennes 1840. Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

micropogon, Batrachocephalus Bleeker [P.] 1858:118 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 4 (art. 2); ref. 365] Jakarta and Surabaja, Java, Indonesia. Bleeker specimens: AMS B.7964 (1), BMNH 1862.2.4.18 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:103 [ref. 30423]. Unnecessary replacement for ageneiosus. •Synonym of Batrachocephalus mino (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Batrachocephalus mino (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

microstomus, Arius Nichols [J. T.] 1940:2 [American Museum Novitates No. 1093; ref. 17241] Bernhard Camp, Idenburg River, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Holotype: AMNH 15041. Paratypes: AMNH 20929 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius microstomus Nichols 1940 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Arius solidus Herre 1935 -- (Kailola 1990:9 [ref. 19337], Allen 1991:55 [ref. 21090]). •Synonym of Brustiarius solidus (Herre 1935) -- (Kailola 2004:131 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:36 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Brustiarius solidus (Herre 1935). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

micruropterygius, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1847:165 [Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neȇrlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 314] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]. Appeared in list in Bleeker 1846:286 [ref. 19349] as micruropterijius, with the Dutch ij equivalent to y in Latin. Also in Bleeker 1846:37 [ref. 313]. •Apparently a synonym of Arius venosus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Kailola 1999:1869 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Arius venosus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:20 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155] with question, Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Arius venosus Valenciennes 1840. Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

midgleyorum, Arius Kailola [P. J.] & Pierce [B. E.] 1988:75, Figs. 1-2, 5-6 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 14 (pt 1); ref. 19338] Wickham Gorge, Victoria River, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.20858-006. Paratypes: AMNH 57082 (1), 57454 (4, 3 c&s); AMS 25315-001 (1); WAM P.21338-002 (4), P.25597-001 (1), P.25708-001 (1), P.28776-001 (1, c&s); other paratypes at: NTM (4 lots, 5), QM (8 lots, 10), ZMA (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:8 [ref. 19335], Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155], Moore et al. 2008:7 [ref. 30117]. Many paratypes of this species are also paratypes of Arius paucus Kailola 2000. The species name was based on Hamar and Mary Midgley, and first appeared as midgeleyi; this is an incorrect original spelling, and must be amended to midgleyorum according to ICZN Art. 31.1.2-3. •Valid as Arius midgleyorum Kailola & Pierce 1988 -- (Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466] as midgelyi, Kailola 2000:127 [ref. 25113] as midgeleyi, Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797] as midgeleyi, Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847] as midgeleyi, Allen et al. 2002:73 [ref. 25930] as midgeleyi). •Valid as Ariopsis midgleyorum (Kailola & Pierce 1988) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108] as midgeleyi). •Valid as Neoarius midgleyorum (Kailola & Pierce 1988) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:77 [ref. 29031] as midgeleyi, Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155] as midgeleyi, Morgan 2011:11 [ref. 31262] as midgeleyi, Larson et al. 2013:39 [ref. 32988] as midgeleyi, Pusey et al. 2017:23 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Neoarius midgleyorum (Kailola & Pierce 1988). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: New Guinea and northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

milberti, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:74 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] New York; Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN B-0593 (3) New York. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:10 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:237 [ref. 29155]. Spelled milbertii in table of contents (p. xix). •Synonym of Sciades felis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:107 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Ariopsis felis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Acero P. 2003:840 [ref. 26998], Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2017:15 [ref. 35431]). Current status: Synonym of Ariopsis felis (Linnaeus 1766). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

militaris, Silurus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:305 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Asia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:108 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:49 [ref. 6800], Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:229 [ref. 24860] as Osteogeniosus, Talwar & Jhingran 1991:711 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:81 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:243 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:168 [ref. 22772], Kailola 1999:1879 [ref. 24732], Tan & Ng 1999:297 [ref. 24254], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Khan 2003:8 [ref. 27710], Ataur Rahman 2003:252 [ref. 31338], Kailola 2004:141 [ref. 28108], Jayaram 2006:328 [ref. 28762], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:87 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:45 [ref. 34464], Psomadakis et al. 2015:166 [ref. 34104], Suresh et al. 2018:137 [ref. 36495], Psomadakis et al. 2020:310 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Pakistan east to Indonesia, north to Vietnam. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mino, Ageneiosus Hamilton [F.] 1822:159, 375 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Sundarbans, Ganges River estuary, India. Possible type: BMNH 1862.2.4.18 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:40 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Batrachocephalus mino (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:49 [ref. 6800], Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:230 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:707 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:80 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:243 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:166 [ref. 22772], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:592 [ref. 23647], Kailola 1999:1875 [ref. 24732], Tan & Ng 1999:297 [ref. 24254], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Ataur Rahman 2003:253 [ref. 31338], Kailola 2004:130 [ref. 28108], Jayaram 2006:326 [ref. 28762] as Batracocephalus, Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:34 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:666 [ref. 32225], Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989], Psomadakis et al. 2015:164 [ref. 34104], Psomadakis et al. 2020:307 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Batrachocephalus mino (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: east coast of India east to Indonesia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

molliceps, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:108 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Arridae -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:453 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:111 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

mong, Pimelodus Richardson [J.] 1846:286 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:210, Pl. 20b [ref. 11606]). See Kailola 1999:1839 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Arius falcarius Richardson 1845 -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Arius arius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:15 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Arius arius (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

multiradiatus, Arius Günther [A.] 1864:173 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Río Bayano, Panama. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155]. Based on Bagrus (?) arioides of Kner 1863:227 [ref. 5002]. •Valid as Arius multiradiatus Günther 1864 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as "Cathorops" multiradiatus (Günther 1864) -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:58 [ref. 23101]). •Valid as Cathorops multiradiatus (Günther 1864) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:69 [ref. 22193], Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:881 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:160 [ref. 24555], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:45 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk 2007:40 [ref. 29324], Marceniuk 2007:46 [ref. 29324], Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008:43 [ref. 29576], Marceniuk et al. 2009:274 [ref. 30406], Marceniuk et al. 2012:666 [ref. 32225], Barriga Salazar 2014:115 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:399 [ref. 34894], Marceniuk et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34763]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops multiradiatus (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Rivers and bays of Pacific coast of Central America: Panama to Peru. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nasutum, Catastoma Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:60 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Not available, name mentioned in passing in account of Arius nasutus Valenciennes; from Java, Indonesia. Ariidae: Ariinae.

nasutus, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:60 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Java, Indonesia; Malabar, India; Red Sea. Syntypes: MNHN A-9407 to 9408 (1, 1, dry) Malabar, A-9409 (1, dry) Red Sea; RMNH D2390 (1) Java. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:4 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155] See van Oijen et al. 2009:81 [ref. 30423]. •Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837) -- (Taylor 1986:159 [ref. 6195]). •Synonym of Arius thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Dor 1984:51 [ref. 29757], Kailola 1986:546 [ref. 6312], Kailola 1999:1865 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Netuma thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:80 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837) -- (Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nella, Pimelodus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:162 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Vizagapatam, India. Holotype: not saved. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155]. Original as Pimelodus? nella. •Valid as Tachysurus nella (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800]). •Valid as Arius nella (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:80 [ref. 23448], Kailola 1999:1858 [ref. 24732] as "Arius", Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122] as "Arius", Kailola 2000:127 [ref. 25113], Ng 2003:10 [ref. 27208]). •Valid as Plicofollis nella (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:356 [ref. 28997], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:93 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155], Kimura 2009:35 [ref. 30426], Marceniuk et al. 2012:667 [ref. 32225], Larson et al. 2013:41 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989], Marceniuk et al. 2017:[4] [ref. 35522], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:50 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Plicofollis nella (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: east coast of India east to New Guinea, north to Vietnam and Philippines, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: brackish, marine.

nelsoni, Conorhynchos Evermann [B. W.] & Goldsborough [E. L.] 1902:140, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 21 [1901]; ref. 14875] Río Usumacinta, at Monte Cristo, Guatemala. Holotype: USNM 50001. Paratypes: USNM 52963 [ex USFC 2382] (1). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:8 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius nelson (Evermann & Goldsborough 1902) -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Potamarius nelsoni (Evermann & Goldsborough 1902) -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:28 [ref. 22290], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:157 [ref. 24550], Acero P. 2003:837 [ref. 26998], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:453 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:83 [ref. 27807], Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Miller 2006:171 [ref. 28615], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:98 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:348 [ref. 29268], Betancur-R. & Willink 2007:826 [ref. 29439], Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708], Marceniuk et al. 2019:440 [ref. 36658]). Current status: Valid as Potamarius nelsoni (Evermann & Goldsborough 1902). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Southern North America and Central America: Usumacinta River basin, Chiapas and Tabasco (Mexico) and Guatemala. Habitat: freshwater.

nenga, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:171, 376 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Estuaries of Bengal, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tachysurus nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800], Ataur Rahman 1989:231 [ref. 24860]). •Valid as Arius nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Kailola 1999:1859 [ref. 24732], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Ng 2003:10 [ref. 27208], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Ataur Rahman 2003:254 [ref. 31338] as Arias, Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:19 [ref. 29031]). •Valid as Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155], Kimura 2009:34 [ref. 30426], Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989], Psomadakis et al. 2015:165 [ref. 34104], Psomadakis et al. 2020:309 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Nemapteryx nenga (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Pakistan east to Bali and Kalimantan (Indonesia). Habitat: brackish, marine.

neogranatensis, Arius Acero P. [A.] & Betancur-R. [R.] 2002:7, Figs. 1-2, 3 [part] [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 26521] Mouth of Río Tinajonesmedio, San Antero, Córdoba, Colombia, 9°25'N, 75°48'W. Holotype: INVEMAR-PEC 3754. Paratypes: ICNMHN 5722 (1), INVEMAR-PEC 3755 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155], Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:41 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Arius neogranatensis Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002 -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:447 [ref. 27061]). •Questionably valid as Aspistor neogranatensis (Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002) -- (Kailola 2004:128 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Notarius neogranatensis (Acero P. and Betancur-R. 2002) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:84 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk et al. 2017:276 [ref. 35197]). Current status: Valid as Notarius neogranatensis (Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Caribbean coast of Colombia and nearby river mouths: Colombia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

netuma, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:438, Pl. 417 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Puducherry, India. Syntypes: MNHN A-9345 (1, dry mounted). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:3 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837) -- (Taylor 1986:159 [ref. 6195]). •Synonym of Arius thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Kailola 1986:546 [ref. 6312], Kailola 1999:1865 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Netuma thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:79 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837) -- (Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nigricans, Arius Valenciennes [A.] 1834:Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Voyage dans l'Amérique méridionale; ref. 20720] Río de la Plata, Montevideo, Uruguay. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0176 (poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:54 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155] Name available from plate, also in Valenciennes 1847:6 [ref. 5010]. Pl. 3 was published in 1834. See also Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:83 [ref. 1008]. •Species inquirenda in Arridae -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:453 [ref. 27061]). •Species inquirenda in Genidens -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:67 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Cathorops spixii (Agassiz 1829) -- (Marceniuk et al. 2012:87 [ref. 31865]). Current status: Synonym of Cathorops spixii (Agassiz 1829). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

novaeguineae, Doiichthys Weber [M.] 1913:534, Fig. 12 [Süsswasserfische aus Niederländisch Süd- und Nord-Neu-Guinea v. 9 (livr. 4); ref. 4603] Varen River, a tributary of Lorentz River, southern New Guinea. Syntypes: AMNH 9482 (1), ZMA 104122 (5). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:51 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:46 [ref. 29155]. Originally as novae-guineae, correction mandatory. •Valid as Doiichthys novaeguineae Weber 1913 -- (Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860], Allen 1991:59 [ref. 21090], Kailola 2000:127 [ref. 25113], Allen et al. 2000:52 [ref. 27467], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:60 [ref. 29031], Allen et al. 2008:50 [ref. 30265], Marceniuk et al. 2012:643 [ref. 32225]). •Valid as Nedystoma novaeguineae (Weber 1913) -- (Kailola 1999:1878 [ref. 24732], Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:46 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Doiichthys novaeguineae Weber 1913. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

nox, Arius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:388 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Sepik River at Nyaurangai, New Guinea. Holotype: FMNH 17195. Paratypes: FMNH 17196-97 (2), 17918-200 (3); CAS-SU 24451 (now 2), 24452 (3), 69115 [ex 24451] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:41 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:11 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155] •Valid as Arius nox Herre 1935 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Kailola 1990:7 [ref. 19337], Allen & Coates 1990:58 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:54 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:298 [ref. 21400], Kailola 2000:127 [ref. 25113]). •Valid as Brustiarius nox (Herre 1935) -- (Kailola 2004:131 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:35 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Brustiarius nox (Herre 1935). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Sepic River, New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

nuchalis, Aelurichthys Günther [A.] 1864:179, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Pacific coast of Panama. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.1.26.344. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Bagre panamensis (Gill 1863) -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:877 [ref. 22829], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:129 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:30 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Bagre panamensis (Gill 1863). Ariidae: Bagreinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nuchalis, Arius Günther [A.] 1864:171, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Guyana. Syntypes: (at least 6) BMNH 1975.1.17.3-5 (3), BMNH 2005.5.17.1-2 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius nuchalis Günther 1864 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Species inquirenda in Cathorops Jordan & Gilbert 1883 -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:46 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Cathorops nuchalis (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk et al. 2012:78, 93 [ref. 31865]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops nuchalis (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Venezuela to Guyana. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nudidens, Arius (Hemiarius) Weber [M.] 1913:538, Fig. 15 [Süsswasserfische aus Niederländisch Süd- und Nord-Neu-Guinea v. 9 (livr. 4); ref. 4603] Lorentz River, New Guinea. Syntypes: ZMA 111507-09 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:38 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius nudidens Weber 1913 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Cochlefelis spatula (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886) -- (Kailola 2004:134 [ref. 28108]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Cochlefelis spatula (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ocellatus, Galeichthys Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1916:60, Fig. [Marine Biological Report South Africa 1914-1918 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 5602] Zwartkops River, Algoa Bay, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [RUSI] 60956 [ex PEM]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Galeichthys feliceps Valenciennes 1840 -- (Taylor 1986:158 [ref. 6195], Taylor 1990:234 [ref. 14194], Kailola 2004:136 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:63 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155], Kulongowski 2010:13 [ref. 30940]). Current status: Synonym of Galeichthys feliceps Valenciennes 1840. Ariidae: Galeichthyinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ocellatus, Silurus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:379 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Japan, China. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155]. This is an unnecessary replacement for maculatus. •Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ortegai, Chinchaysuyoa Marceniuk [A. P.], Marchena [J.], Oliveira [C.] & Betancur-R. [R.] 2019:368, Figs. 4C-D, 5B, 6B, 7 [Zootaxa 4551 (no. 3); ref. 36489] Reservoir Poechos, middle Río Chira, Catamayo basin, Peru. Holotype: MUSM 63800. Paratypes: ANSP, MPEG, MUSM, MZUSP, USNM. •Valid as Chinchaysuyoa ortegai Marceniuk, Marchena, Oliveira & Betancur-R. 2019. Current status: Valid as Chinchaysuyoa ortegai Marceniuk, Marchena, Oliveira & Betancur-R. 2019. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Catamayo basin, Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

osakae, Netuma Jordan [D. S.] & Kasawa [M.] in Jordan & Hubbs 1925:157, Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 2486] Fish market, Osaka, Japan. Holotype (unique): FMNH 59388 [ex CM 7808]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:73 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:60 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius bilineatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 1986:546 [ref. 6312], Kailola 1999:1842 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Netuma bilineatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:79 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Netuma bilineata (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Netuma bilineata (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

osculus, Arius Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1883:46 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 2 (for 1882); ref. 2475] Panama (Pacific). Holotype (unique): USNM 29476 (missing since 1980). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:7 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius osculus Jordan & Gilbert 1883 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860] as oscula, Allen & Robertson 1994:68 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:62 [ref. 23101], Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:871 [ref. 22829], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002:134 [ref. 26190]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys Osculus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Status uncertain -- (Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004:15 [ref. 28008]). •Questionably valid as Aspistor osculus (Jordan & Gilbert 1883) -- (Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002). •Valid as Notarius osculus (Jordan & Gilbert 1883) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:84 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Notarius osculus (Jordan & Gilbert 1883). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Pacific coast of Costa Rica and Panama: Costa Rica and Panama. Habitat: brackish, marine.

panamensis, Aelurichthys Gill [T. N.] 1863:172 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 1681] Western coast of Central America. Holotype (unique): USNM 4963 (lost). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155], Smith 2018:82 [ref. 36061]. Original genus should have been Ailurichthys. •Valid as Bagre panamensis (Gill 1863) -- (Villa 1982:115 [ref. 36708], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:96 [ref. 9277], Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860], Allen & Robertson 1994:68 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:56 [ref. 23101], Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:877 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:59 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:159 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:142 [ref. 24550], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:83 [ref. 27807], Kailola 2004:129 [ref. 28108], Acero P. et al. 2005:129 [ref. 28551], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:30 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], McMahan et al. 2013:445 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708], Barriga Salazar 2014:115 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:398 [ref. 34894], González-Murcia et al. 2019:291 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Bagre panamensis (Gill 1863). Ariidae: Bagreinae. Distribution: Central America and northern South America (Pacific): Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru and U.S.A. Habitat: brackish, marine.

papillifer, Hemipimelodus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:390 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Sepic River at Timbunke, New Guinea. Holotype: FMNH 17211. Paratypes: FMNH 17212 (1), CAS-SU 24453 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:41 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:45 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:48 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemipimelodus papillifer Herre 1935 -- (Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Arius velutinus (Weber 1907) -- (Kailola 1990:23 [ref. 19337], Allen & Coates 1990:62 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:56 [ref. 21090]). •Synonym of Ariopsis velutinus (Weber 1907) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Neoarius velutinus (Weber 1907) -- (Ferraris 2007:48 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Potamosilurus velutinus (Weber 1907) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:102 [ref. 29031]). Current status: Synonym of Potamosilurus velutinus (Weber 1907). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

parkeri, Silurus Traill [T. S.] 1832:380, Pl. 6 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society, Edinburgh v. 6 (art. 14); ref. 17927] Guiana [as British Guiana]. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Cervigón 1991:137 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:257 [ref. 23827], Le Bail et al. 2000:18 [ref. 24549], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639], Acero P. 2003:842 [ref. 26998]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192]). •Valid as Aspistor parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Marceniuk 2005:96 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:24 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:347 [ref. 29268], Betancur-R. et al. 2008:827 [ref. 29950], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225] with authors as Müller & Troschel 1849, Marceniuk et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35324]). Current status: Valid as Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Atlantic draining Coastal rivers from Guyana to northern Brazil: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela. Habitat: brackish, marine.

parkii, Arius Günther [A.] 1864:154, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Lagos, Nigeria. Lectotype: BMNH 1865.7.4.4. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1847.4.4.26 (1) Niger, BMNH 1852.9.13.117 (1) Niger. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Taylor 1986 [ref. 6195]. •Valid as Arius parkii Günther 1864 -- (Taylor 1986:156 [ref. 6195], Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Taylor 1990:231, 232 [ref. 14194] with BMNH 1952.9.13.47 as another species, Daget in Lévêque et al. 1992:568 [ref. 21590], Golani & Sonin 1996:2 [ref. 22790], Golani 2005:20 [ref. 37112], Zenetos et al. 2010:411 [ref. 31201]). •Mention -- (Kailola 2004:146 [ref. 28108]). •Incertae sedis in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Carlarius parkii (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:38 [ref. 29031], Marceniuk et al. 2012:667 [ref. 32225], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2016:1748 [ref. 34564]). Current status: Valid as Carlarius parkii (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: brackish, marine.

parmocassis, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:57 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Bahia, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8966. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:15 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155] •Synonym of Arius grandicassis Valenciennes 1840 -- (Acero P. 2003:841 [ref. 26998]). •Synonym of Notarius grandicassis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:98 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:83 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Notarius parmocassis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk et al. 2017:283 [ref. 35197]). Current status: Valid as Notarius parmocassis (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: East coast of Brazil. Habitat: brackish, marine.

parrae, Galeichthys Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:33 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] New York, New Orleans, and Charlestown, U.S.A.; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-1565 (1) New Orleans, A-8988 (1) New York, A-9367 (1, dry) New York, B-0056 (1) New York, B-0074 (1) Brazil. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:7 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155] with no types [if a replacement name]. •Synonym of Bagre marinus (Mitchill 1815) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:96 [ref. 28718], Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Bagre marinus (Mitchill 1815). Ariidae: Bagreinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

parvipinnis, Arius Day [F.] 1877:460, Pl. 113 (fig. 1) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Coromandel coast of India. No types known. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:158 [ref. 23762], Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tachysurus parvipinnis (Day 1877) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800]). •Valid as Arius parvipinnis Day 1877 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Probable synonym of Arius macronotacanthus Bleeker 1846 -- (Kailola 1999:1853 [ref. 24732]). •Probably a synonym of Nemapteryx macronotacanthus (Bleeker 1846) -- (Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Arius macronotacanthus Bleeker 1856 -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:18 [ref. 29031]). •Questionably a synonym of Nemapteryx macronotacantha (Bleeker 1846) -- (Ferraris 2007:47 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Nemapteryx macronotacantha (Bleeker 1846). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

passany, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:458 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9399. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:13 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155] •Valid as Arius passany (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Cervigón 1991:138 [ref. 24472] as pasany, Cervigón 1992:258 [ref. 23827], Le Bail et al. 2000:20 [ref. 24549], Marín 2000:68 [ref. 26252], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639]). •Valid as Selanaspis passany (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Acero P. 2003:852 [ref. 26998]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys passany (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192]). •Valid as Sciades passany (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:109 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:347 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225], Marceniuk et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35324]). Current status: Valid as Sciades passany (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Northern South America from Guyana to mouth of the Amazon River: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela. Habitat: brackish, marine.

patriciae, Netuma Takahashi [Y.], Kimura [S.] & Motomura [H.] 2019:2, Figs. [Ichthyological Research v. 67 (no. 2); ref. 37057] Panay Island, Philippines. Holotype. Paratypes: •Valid as Netuma patriciae Takahashi, Kimura & Motomura 2019. Current status: Valid as Netuma patriciae Takahashi, Kimura & Motomura 2019. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Panay and Luzon Islands, Philippines, western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

paucus, Arius Kailola [P. J.] 2000:141, Figs. 12-13 [The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory v. 16; ref. 25113] Flinders River near Maxwellton, 20°47'S, 142°43'E, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: QM I.12910. Paratypes: AMS I.25315-001 [ex IB.3159/2882] (1); CAM F.36 (1); NTM S.1775 (1), S.12070-001 (2), S.12083-001 (1); QM I.11364 (1), I.11990 (1), I.12757 (1), I.16730 (2), I.16735 (1), I.16737-78 (1, 2); plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:48 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Ariopsis paucus (Kailola 2000) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:352 [ref. 28997]). •Valid as Sciades paucus (Kailola 2000) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:109 [ref. 29031]). •Valid as Neoarius paucus (Kailola 2000) -- (Ferraris 2007:48 [ref. 29155], Pusey et al. 2017:23 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Neoarius paucus (Kailola 2000). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

pectinidens, Pimelodus Cantor [T. E.] 1849:1243 [261] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 715] Penang, Malaysia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1860.3.19.499 (half skin). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:46 [ref. 29155]. On p. 261 of separate. •Synonym of Ketengus typus Bleeker 1846 -- (Kailola 1999:1877 [ref. 24732], Kailola 2004:138 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:72 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:45-46 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ketengus typus Bleeker 1846. Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pectoralis, Arius Kailola [P. J.] 2000:133, Figs. 5-6 [The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory v. 16; ref. 25113] Chapman River, Queensland, 14°56'S, 141°38'E, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.27415-001. Paratypes: CSIRO A 3608-10 (1, 1, 1), H 4937-02 (1), H 5174-07 (4); NTM S.10235-001 (1), S.10254-001 (2), S.10319-003 (1), S.13004-001 (1), S.11507-004 (1); QM I.14917 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:48 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Ariopsis pectoralis (Kailola 2000) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:352 [ref. 28997]). •Valid as Neoarius pectoralis (Kailola 2000) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:77 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:48 [ref. 29155], Larson et al. 2013:40 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Neoarius pectoralis (Kailola 2000). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Southern New Guinea and Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pemecus, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:456 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Cayenne, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9348 (dry). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:12 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155] •Synonym of Hexanematichthys herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794) -- (Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades herzbergii (Bloch 1794). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

peronii, Pimelodus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:161 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1207. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:13 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155] •Synonym of Galeichthys feliceps Valenciennes 1840 -- (Kailola 2004:136 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155], Kulongowski 2010:13 [ref. 30940]). Current status: Synonym of Galeichthys feliceps Valenciennes 1840. Ariidae: Galeichthyinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

peruvianus, Galeichthys Lütken [C. F.] 1874:205 [16] [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra den Naturhistoriske Forening i Kjøbenhavn, Aaret 1874 (nos 12-16); ref. 17564] Callao, Peru. Syntypes: ZMUC 150 (1) and 490 (1) [now ZMUC 29628-69]. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:50 [ref. 9588], Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155]. On p. 16 of separate. •Valid as Galeichthys peruvianus Lütken 1874 -- (Pequeño 1989:40 [ref. 14125], Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:884 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:160 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:145 [ref. 24550], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:83 [ref. 27807], Kailola 2004:136 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:63 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155], Acero-P. and Betancur-R. 2007:139 [ref. 29200], Kulongowski 2010:13 [ref. 30940], Barriga Salazar 2014:115 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:398 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Galeichthys peruvianus Lütken 1874. Ariidae: Galeichthyinae. Distribution: Pacific coast of northern South America: Ecuador to Peru. Habitat: marine.

philippinus, Pseudarius Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:226 [16] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3888] Lake Laglaize, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2615. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:8 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155] On p. 16 of separate. •Synonym of Arius manillensis Valenciennes 1840 -- (Kailola 1999:1855 [ref. 24732], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:49 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Arius manillensis Valenciennes 1840. Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

phrygiatus, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:79 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Suriname. Holotype (unique): RMNH 3308. Type catalog: Boeseman 1972:298 [ref. 19698], Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155]. Holotype is also holotype of Arius dieperinki Bleeker 1862. •Valid as Arius phrygiatus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Cervigón 1991:138 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:258 [ref. 23827], Le Bail et al. 2000:22 [ref. 24549], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639] as cf. phrygiatus, Acero P. 2003:842 [ref. 26998], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:447 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:41 [ref. 27192], Marceniuk 2005:95 [ref. 28718]). •Valid as Amphiarius phrygiatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:12 [ref. 29031], Marceniuk & Birindelli 2010:61 [ref. 30960], Marceniuk et al. 2012:638 [ref. 32225]). •Likely a Notarius -- (Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004:11-12 [ref. 28008]). •Valid as cf. Arius phrygiatus Valenciennes 1840, but genus uncertain -- (Kailola 2004:145 [ref. 28108]). •Incertae sedis in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Notarius phrygiatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268]). •Valid as Amphiarius phrygiatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:12 [ref. 29031], Marceniuk & Birindelli 2010:61 [ref. 30960], Marceniuk et al. 2012:638 [ref. 32225]). Current status: Valid as Amphiarius phrygiatus (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Atlantic coastal rivers and estuaries from Guyana to mouth of Amazon River: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela (?). Habitat: brackish, marine.

physacanthus, Arius Vaillant [L. L.] 1899:155 [2] [Bulletin du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (sér. 1) v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 14710] Mahury River, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1899-0058. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:12 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]. On p. 2 of separate. •Synonym of Aspistor luniscutis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Sciades emphysetus (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Arius parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Acero P. 2003:842 [ref. 26998]). •Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Betancur-R. et al. 2008:828 [ref. 29950]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades parkeri (Traill 1832). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pidada, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:43 [169] [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes and/or Bleeker specimens: AMS B.7965 [ex Day] (1), BMNH 1863.12.4.57 (1), NMV 45948 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:43 [ref. 313]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:61 [ref. 30423]. •Synonym of Arius oetik Bleeker 1846 (in part) -- (Kailola 1999:1868 [ref. 24732], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:19 [ref. 29031] (in part)). •Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Kailola 1999:1854 [ref. 24732], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108] in part, Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:18 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pinnimaculatus, Aelurichthys Steindachner [F.] 1876:565 [15], Pl. 8 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 72 (1. Abth.); ref. 18772] Panama; Altata, Panama; western coast of Costa Rica. Syntypes: (several) MCZ 4941 (1), 23746-47 (3, 1); NMW 47895 (1), 47897-99 (1, 1, 1, 1), 50577 (1); USNM 123011 [ex MCZ 23746] (2) Panama. Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:6 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]. On p. 15 of separate. •Valid as Bagre pinnimaculatus (Steindachner 1876) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:13 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860], Allen & Robertson 1994:68 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:56 [ref. 23101], Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:878 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:59 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:159 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:142 [ref. 24550], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:449 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:83 [ref. 27807], Kailola 2004:129 [ref. 28108], Acero P. et al. 2005:129 [ref. 28551], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:31 [ref. 29031], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708], Barriga Salazar 2014:115 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:398 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Bagre pinnimaculatus (Steindachner 1876). Ariidae: Bagreinae. Distribution: North, Central and South America; Pacific draining rivers from Gulf of California to Ecuador: Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guaetemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua and Panama. Habitat: brackish, marine.

planiceps, Arius Steindachner [F.] 1876:576 [26], Pl. 4 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 72 (1. Abth.); ref. 18772] Altata, (Pacific) Panama. Syntypes: (several) NMW 48194-99 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2); ZMUC P 29627 [ex 839] (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:50 [ref. 9588], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155]. On p. 26 of separate. •Valid as Arius planiceps Steindachner 1876 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Allen & Robertson 1994:68 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:62 [ref. 23101], Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:872 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:56 [ref. 24545], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002:134 [ref. 26190]). •Valid as Ariopsis planiceps (Steindachner 1877) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:152 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:83 [ref. 27807]). •Valid as Aspistor planiceps (Steindachner 1876) -- (Kailola 2004:128 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Notarius planiceps (Steindachner 1877) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061], Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004:18 [ref. 28008], Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2006:55 [ref. 28736], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk et al. 2012:667 [ref. 32225], Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:400 [ref. 34894], Marceniuk et al. 2017:276 [ref. 35197]). Current status: Valid as Notarius planiceps (Steindachner 1876). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Pacific drainage rivers and estuaries from Mexico to Panama. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

planifrons, Netuma Higuchi [H.], Reis [E. G.] & Araújo [F. G.] 1982:12, Fig. 1 [Atlântica, Rio Grande do Sul v. 5; ref. 11467] Lagoa dos Patos, RS, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 14828. Paratypes: AMNH 48875 (4); ANSP 149293-94 (4, 3); CAS 50701 (5); FMNH 94701 (5); MCZ 58691 (5, not 4); MOFURG 80.155-157 (3, 3, 2); MZUSP 14822-25 (4), 14826-27 (2), 14829 (1), 14834-35 (2); NMC 82-061 (3); UF 32871 (5); USNM 233896 (4), 233897 (4, not 3). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:60 [ref. 12367], Böhlke 1984:22 [ref. 13621], Ferraris & Vari 1992:9 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155]. Additional paratypes are added on p. 15. •Valid as Netuma planifrons Higuchi, Reis & Araújo 1982 -- (Burgess & Finley 1996:165 [ref. 22901]). •Valid as Genidens planifrons (Higuchi, Reis & Araújo 1982) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192], Marceniuk 2005:98 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:66 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2019:434 [ref. 36658]). •Synonym of Guiritinga barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Kailola 2004:145 [ref. 28108]). Current status: Valid as Genidens planifrons (Higuchi, Reis & Araújo 1982). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Brackish coastal lagoons: Laguna dos Patos and nearby Atlantic, Brazil. Habitat: brackish.

platypogon, Arius Günther [A.] 1864:147, Figs. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] San José, Guatemala. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.1.26.316-319 (4). •Valid as Arius platypogon Günther 1864 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:68 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:62 [ref. 23101], Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:873 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:57 [ref. 24545], De La Cruz-Agüero & Cota-Gómez 1998:356 [ref. 23520]). •Valid as Ariopsis platypogon (Günther 1864) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:152 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:83 [ref. 27807]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys platypogon (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Aspistor platypogon (Günther 1864) -- (Kailola 2004:128 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Sciades platypogon (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:109 [ref. 29031]). •Valid as Occidentarius platypogon (Günther 1864) -- (Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk et al. 2012:667 [ref. 32225], Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708], Barriga Salazar 2014:115 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:400 [ref. 34894], González-Murcia et al. 2019:291 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Occidentarius platypogon (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Pacific coasts of North, Central and South America from Mexico to Ecuador: Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua and Panama. Habitat: marine.

platystomus, Arius Day [F.] 1877:464, Pl. 107 (fig. 3) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Canara, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI 1306. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:158 [ref. 23762], Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155] •Valid as Tachysurus platystomus (Day 1877) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800]). •Valid as Arius platystomus Day 1877 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:703 [ref. 20764], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Jayaram 2006:345 [ref. 28762]). •Valid as Plicofollis platystomus (Day 1877) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:93 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225], Psomadakis et al. 2015:167 [ref. 34104], Marceniuk et al. 2017:[4] [ref. 35522], Psomadakis et al. 2020:311 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Plicofollis platystomus (Day 1877). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: India and Sri Lanka east to Myanmar. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pleurops, Arius Boulenger [G. A.] 1897:296 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 20 (no. 117) (art. 28); ref. 14626] Magoarisinho, Cape Magoary [Maguarinho], Marajo Island, Brazil. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1897.7.17.7 (plus eggs and embryos in mouth). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius pleurops Boulenger 1897 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Cathorops pleurops (Boulenger 1897) -- (Acero P. 2003:837 [ref. 26998], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192]). •Synonym of Cathorops agassizii (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:449 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:97 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:40 [ref. 29031] as agassizi, Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk 2007:369 [ref. 29509], Marceniuk et al. 2012:91 [ref. 31865]). Current status: Synonym of Cathorops agassizii (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

polystaphylodon, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:46 [172] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1863.12.4.98 (poor condition). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:46 [ref. 313]. Identifiactions from e. Africa probably in error (see Ng & Sparks 2003:16 [ref. 27207]). See van Oijen et al. 2009:76 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Arius polystaphylodon Bleeker 1846 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:220 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:80 [ref. 23448], Tan & Ng 1999:296 [ref. 24254], Kailola 1999:1860 [ref. 24732] as "Arius", Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122] as "Arius", Ng 2003:2 [ref. 27208], Ng & Sparks 2003:16 [ref. 27207]). •Valid as Plicofollis polystaphylodon (Bleeker 1846) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:95 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225], Kottelat 2013:251 [ref. 32989], Marceniuk et al. 2017:[4] [ref. 35522], Fricke et al. 2018:62 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Plicofollis polystaphylodon (Bleeker 1846). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific/Africa, south and southeast Asia and southern New Guinea: Mozambique and Madagascar; Indonesia, Singapore and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

proops, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:457 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Guianas; Puerto Rico. Syntypes: MNHN A-9331 to 9333 (1, 1, 1, dry) Puerto Rico, B-0245 (1) Cayenne, B-0618 (2) Cayenne. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:11 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius proops (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Cervigón 1991:138 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:258 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:47 [ref. 24221], Le Bail et al. 2000:24 [ref. 24549], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639], Acero P. & Betancur-R. 2002:10 [ref. 26521], Acero P. 2003:844 [ref. 26998]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys proops (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192]). •Valid as Sciades proops (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:109 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:347 [ref. 29268], Betancur-R. 2008:827 [ref. 29950], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225], Marceniuk et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35324]). Current status: Valid as Sciades proops (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Caribbean Sea and northern coast of South America, Colombia to Brazil: Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Puerto Rico, Suriname and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

proximus, Arius Ogilby [J. D.] 1898:280 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 23 (pt 3); ref. 3276] Port Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.25691-001 [ex MAMU F.1174]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius proximus Ogilby 1898 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:220 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Larson & Williams 1997:348 [ref. 23967], Kailola 1999:1861 [ref. 24732], Johnson 1999:723 [ref. 25471], Kailola 2000:138 [ref. 25113], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847]). •Valid as Netuma proximus (Ogilby 1898) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:354 [ref. 28997]). •Valid as Brustiarius proximus (Ogilby 1898) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:35 [ref. 29031], Marceniuk et al. 2012:665 [ref. 32225]). •Valid as Netuma proxima (Ogilby 1898) -- (Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155], Larson et al. 2013:40 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989], Pusey et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Netuma proxima (Ogilby 1898). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea and Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

puncticulatus, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:108 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Buenos Aires, Argentina. Holotype (unique): MNHN. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Cathorops Jordan & Gilbert 1883 -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:46 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:91 [ref. 31865]). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Argentina. Habitat: marine.

quadriscutis, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:111 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Suriname. Syntypes: MNHN A-9402 (1), B-0596 (1), B-0613 (1); RMNH 3049 (1), 3050 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:11-12 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:37 [ref. 29155]. For information on types and locality see Boeseman 1972:295 [ref. 19698]. •Valid as Arius quadriscutis Valenciennes 1840 -- (Shimizu in Uyeno et al. 1983:158 [ref. 14275], Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Cervigón 1991:139 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:259 [ref. 23827], Le Bail et al. 2000:26 [ref. 24549], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639], Acero P. 2003:845 [ref. 26998]). •Synonym of Aspistor parkeri (Traill 1832) -- (Marceniuk 2005:96 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:24 [ref. 29031]). •Valid as Notarius quadriscutis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268]). •Valid as Aspistor quadriscutis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192], Kailola 2004:128 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:37 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk & Birindelli 2010:61 [ref. 30960], Marceniuk et al. 2012:639 [ref. 32225], Marceniuk et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35324]). Current status: Valid as Aspistor quadriscutis (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Atlantic coastal rivers from Guyana to northeastern Brazil: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

raredonae, Cathorops (Cathorops) Marceniuk [A. P.], Betancur-R. [R.] & Acero P. [A.] 2009:260, Figs. 4C, 5C [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 85 (no. 3); ref. 30406] La Libertad, El Salvador. Holotype: USNM 286464. Paratypes: STRI 5726 (STRI 15949) (2), 5738 (1), 5765 (1); USNM 394093 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Cathorops raredonae Marceniuk, Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2009 -- (McMahan et al. 2013:445 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708], Marceniuk et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34763]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops raredonae Marceniuk, Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2009. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico and El Salvador. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rhodonotus, Bagrus Bleeker [P.] 1846:29 [157] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 15865 (5), SMNS 10568 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:8 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:13 [ref. 29864], Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155] Appeared later in Bleeker 1846:157 [ref. 5872]. •Synonym of Arius bilineatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 1986:546 [ref. 6312], Kailola 1999:1842 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Netuma bilineatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:79 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Netuma bilineata (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Netuma bilineata (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

robertsi, Arius Kailola [P. J.] 1990:24 [Records of the Western Australian Museum Suppl. No. 34; ref. 19337] t Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:48 [ref. 29155] -- for types see taylori Roberts. Replacement name for Hemipimelodus taylori Roberts 1978:40 [ref. 8886], secondarily preoccupied by Arius taylori Hildebrand 1925. See account of Hemipimelodus taylori Roberts 1978. But taylori resurected by Ferraris 2007:48 [ref. 29155] on Art. 59.4. •Valid as Ariopsis robertsi (Kailola 1990) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Potamosilurus robertsi (Kailola 1990) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:102 [ref. 29031], Allen et al. 2008:59 [ref. 30265]). •Synonym of Neoarius taylori (Roberts 1978) -- (Ferraris 2007:48 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Neoarius taylori (Roberts 1978). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rostratus, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:63 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Alleppey [now Alappuzha], southeastern India. Types may be at MNHN. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

rostratus, Sarcogenys Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Bleeker 1858:96 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 4 (art. 2); ref. 365] Not available, name mentioned in synonymy of Netuma nasuta of Bleeker. •In the synonymy of Netuma thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108] with author as Bleeker, Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:80 [ref. 29031]). Current status: Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837). Ariidae: Ariinae.

rugispinis, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:77 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Cayenne, French Guiana. Syntypes: MNHN A-9403 (1), (1, dry). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:10 [ref. 19575]. •Valid as Arius rugispinis Valenciennes 1840 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Cervigón 1991:140 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:259 [ref. 23827], Le Bail et al. 2000:28 [ref. 24549], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639], Acero P. 2003:842 [ref. 26998], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:447 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:41 [ref. 27192], Marceniuk 2005:96 [ref. 28718]). •Valid as cf. Arius rugispinis, genus uncertain -- (Kailola 2004:145 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as incertae sedis in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:32 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Notarius rugispinis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268]). •Valid as Amphiarius rugispinis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:12 [ref. 29031], Marceniuk & Birindelli 2010:61 [ref. 30960], Marceniuk et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35324]). Current status: Valid as Amphiarius rugispinis (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Atlantic coastal rivers from Guyana to mouth of Amazon River: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela (?). Habitat: brackish, marine.

sagor, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:169, 376 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Bengal estuaries. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tachysurus sagor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800]). •Valid as Arius sagor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:704 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:80 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:243 [ref. 23210], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:158 [ref. 27969], Rainboth 1996:165 [ref. 22772], Kailola 1999:1862 [ref. 24732], Tan & Ng 1999:296 [ref. 24254], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Ng 2003:10 [ref. 27208], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Jayaram 2006:346 [ref. 28762]). •Valid as Sciades sagor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:110 [ref. 29031], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225]). •Valid as Hexanematichthys sagor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:248 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:44 [ref. 34464], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2015:23 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2015:165 [ref. 34104], Psomadakis et al. 2020:308 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Hexanematichthys sagor (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: India east to Indonesia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sagoroides, Arius Hardenberg [J. D. F.] 1941:221, Fig. 2 [Treubia, Buitenzorg v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 2037] Merauke, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius mastersi Ogilby 1898 -- (Kailola 1999:1856 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Sciades mastersi (Ogilby 1898) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:108 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys mastersi (Ogilby 1898) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Hexanematichthys mastersi (Ogilby 1898). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

satparanus, Arius Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1916:430, Figs. 6-8 [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 15053] Channel between Satpara and Barnikuda, Chilka Lake, Orissa, India. Holotype: ZSI F8784/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:125 [ref. 20743], Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tachysurus satparanus Chaudhuri 1916 -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800]). •Valid as Arius satparanus Chaudhuri 1916 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:706 [ref. 20764]). •Probable synonym of "Arius" argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 1999:1839 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Arius tenuispinis Day 1877 -- (Jayaram 2006:349 [ref. 28762]). •Synonym of Plicofilis argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:92 [ref. 29031] with Kuhl & van Hasselt as authors in main heading). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Plicofollis layardi (Günther 1866) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plicofollis layardi (Günther 1866). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

schlegeli, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1863:146 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 1; ref. 396] Amoy, China. Syntypes: (2) ?AMS B.8123 [from Day] (1) Amoy. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]. See Kailola 1999:1839 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Plicofollis argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:92 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:250 [reg. 32989]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Plicofollis argyropleuron (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Southeastern China. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sciurus, Arius Smith [H. M.] 1931:30 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 79 (no. 2873); ref. 4047] Tapii River near Surat Thani, Malay Peninsula, Thailand. Holotype: USNM 90310. Paratypes: (1). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:7 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155], Vilasri et al. 2018:60 [ref. 36451]. •Valid as Arius sciurus Smith 1931 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Probable synonym of Arius microcephalus Bleeker 1855 -- (Kailola 1999:1857 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Arius microcephalus Bleeker 1855 -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:19 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989], Vilasri et al. 2018:60 [ref. 36451]). Current status: Synonym of Arius microcephalus Bleeker 1855. Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

scutatus, Aelurichthys Regan [C. T.] 1907:116, Pl. 15 (fig. 2), 19 (fig. 2) [Biologia Centrali-Americana Part 215; ref. 3629] Panama or Ecuador. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1903.5.15.328. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Bagre panamensis (Gill 1863) -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:877 [ref. 22829], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:448 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:129 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:30 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:38 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Bagre panamensis (Gill 1863). Ariidae: Bagreinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

seemanni, Arius Günther [A.] 1864:147, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Central America (Pacific). Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.1107. •Valid as Hexanematichthys seemanni (Günther 1864) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:34 [ref. 37559] as seemanii). •Valid as Arius seemanni Günther 1864 -- (Villa 1982:115 [ref. 36708] as seemani, Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Allen & Robertson 1994:68 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:60 [ref. 23101], Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:874 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:58 [ref. 24545], Bussing 1998:139 [ref. 24179], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:160 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:000 [ref. 24550] as seemani, Miller 2006:169 [ref. 28615]). •Valid as Sciades seemanni (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:110 [ref. 29031], Matamoros et al. 2009:10 [ref. 31241], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225], Angulo et al. 2013:993 [ref. 33194], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:400 [ref. 34894], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:89 [ref. 35859]). •Valid as Ariopsis seemanni (Günther 1864) -- (Bussing 1987:100 [ref. 22927], Nelson et al. 2004:83 [ref. 27807], Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:348 [ref. 29268], McMahan et al. 2013:445 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708], Barriga Salazar 2014:115 [ref. 35745] as seemani, Marceniuk et al. 2017:31 [ref. 35431], González-Murcia et al. 2019:291 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Ariopsis seemanni (Günther 1864). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: El Salvador south to Ecuador, including adjacent estuaries and freshwater habitats. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

serratus, Arius Day [F.] 1877:462, Pl. 105 (fig. 3) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Sind, Pakistan. Holotype (unique): ZSI 467. Day specimens: AMS B.7971 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:162 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:301-302 [ref. 25110], Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]. Since there is a unique holotype, the status can not be of two species as treated by Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108]. •Questionably a synonym of Arius thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) (in part) and synonym of Arius bilineatus (Valenciennes 1840) (in part, AMS B.7971) -- (Kailola 1986:546 [ref. 6312], Kailola 1999:1842 [ref. 24732], Kailola 1999:1865 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Arius thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym in part of Netuma bilineatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:79 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym in part of Netuma thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:80 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837) -- (Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sexdecimradiatus, Silurus Larrañaga [D. A.] 1923:386 [Escritos de Don Dámaso Antonio Larrañaga v. 2; ref. 22561] Uruguay. Corresponds to Silurus marinus on p. 376. Appeared as Silurus marinus vel 16-radiatus in Devincenzi 1925:309, 322 [ref. 20322]; Devincenzi treated as a synonym of Trachysurus barbus (Lacép.) [= Pimelodus barbus Lacepède 1803]. •Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:65 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Litz & Koerber 2014:16 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:28 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

siamensis, Hemipimelodus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1878:234 [2] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 2; ref. 3879] Laos. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9649. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:14 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155] On p. 2 of separate. •Valid as Hemipimelodus siamensis Sauvage 1878 -- (Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Hemipimelodus borneensis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Desoutter 1977:11 [ref. 20628], Kottelat 1984:816 [ref. 11440], Kottelat 2001:143 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Cephalocassis borneensis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Kailola 2004:133 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:49 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cephalocassis borneensis (Bleeker 1851). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

simonsi, Galeichthys Starks [E. C.] 1906:764, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 30 (no. 1468); ref. 10101] Callao, Peru. Holotype (unique): USNM 53466. Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:8 [ref. 19771]. •Synonym of Arius seemanni Günther 1864 -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:874 [ref. 22829]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys seemanni (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Ariopsis seemanni (Günther 1864) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Sciades seemanni (Günther 1864) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:110 [ref. 29031]). •Valid as Ariopsis simonsi (Starks 1906) -- (Marceniuk et al. 2017:35 [ref. 35431]). Current status: Valid as Ariopsis simonsi (Starks 1906). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Pacific South America, from Colombia to Peru. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sinensis, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:72 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Da Nang, Vietnam, South China Sea, western Pacific. Holotype (unique) (?): MNHN B 2620. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). •Possible synonym of Arius gagora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Grant 2020:31 [ref. 37638]). Current status: Uncertain as Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

solidus, Arius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:385 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Sepik River at Timbunke, New Guinea. Holotype: FMNH 17201. Paratypes: (22) FMNH 17202 (1), 17203-06 (4), 17207-10 (4); CAS-SU 24444-45 (5, 4), 24447-49 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:41 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:11 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius solidus Herre 1935 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Kailola 1990:9 [ref. 19337], Allen & Coates 1990:59 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:55 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:298 [ref. 21400], Kailola 2000:127 [ref. 25113]). •Valid as Brustiarius solidus (Herre 1935) -- (Kailola 2004:131 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:36 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:39 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Brustiarius solidus (Herre 1935). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

sona, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:172, 376 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Bengal estuaries. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 94 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Tachysurus sona (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800], Mishra et al. 1999:84 [ref. 25315]). •Valid as Arius sona (Hamilton 1822) -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:705 [ref. 20764], Rainboth 1996:165 [ref. 22772], Kailola 1999:1863 [ref. 24732], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:239 [ref. 24754], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Ng 2003:11 [ref. 27208], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Khan 2003:8 [ref. 27710], Jayaram 2006:347 [ref. 28762]). •Valid as Sciades sona (Hamilton 1822) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:110 [ref. 29031]). •Valid as Hemiarius sona (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:248 [ref. 32989], Psomadakis et al. 2015:164 [ref. 34104], Psomadakis et al. 2020:308 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Hemiarius sona (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: east coast of India and Sri Lanka east to Indonesia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sondaicus, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:444 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Sonde Strait, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-0604. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:4 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]. Unjustifiably emended to sundaicus by Bleeker 1858. See Kailola 1999:1862 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Sciades sagor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:110 [ref. 29031]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys sagor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155], Kottgelat 2013:248 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hexanematichthys sagor (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

spatula, Arius Ramsay [E. P.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1886:15 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 14464] Strickland River, New Guinea. Holotype (unique): AMS B.9937. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius spatula Ramsay & Ogilby 1886 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Allen et al. 2000:46 [ref. 27467]). •Valid as Cochlefelis spatula (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886) -- (Roberts 1978:44 [ref. 8886], Allen 1991:58 [ref. 21090], Kailola 2004:134 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:54 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155], Allen et al. 2008:49 [ref. 30265], Marceniuk et al. 2012:642 [ref. 32225]). Current status: Valid as Cochlefelis spatula (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

spixii, Pimelodus Agassiz [L.] in Spix & Agassiz 1829:19 [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Marajó Bay, Pará State, Brazil [Equatorial Brazil = lower Amazon basin]. Neotype: MZUSP 49345. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155]. Neotype selected by Marceniuk et al. 2012:86 [ref. 31865]. •Valid as Arius spixii (Agassiz 1829) -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Cathorops spixii (Agassiz 1829) -- (Uyeno & Aizawa in Uyeno et al. 1983:160 [ref. 14275], Cervigón 1991:143 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:260 [ref. 23827], González Bencomo et al. 1997:158 [ref. 24960], Aguilera 1998:47 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:149 [ref. 24550] as spixi, Le Bail et al. 2000:32 [ref. 24549], Marín 2000:68 [ref. 26252], Acero P. 2003:849 [ref. 26998], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:449 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:83 [ref. 27807], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2005:54 [ref. 28341], Marceniuk 2005:97 [ref. 28718], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:16 [ref. 28815], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:45 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008:43 [ref. 29576], Marceniuk et al. 2012:78, 94 [ref. 31865], Marceniuk et al. 2012:666 [ref. 32225], Catelani et al. 2014:931 [ref. 37496], Marceniuk et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35324], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:344 [ref. 36407], Spier et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:8 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops spixii (Agassiz 1829). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Brazil. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

stanneus, Galeichthys Richardson [J.] 1846:284 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]. Appeared as ? Galeichthys stanneus. Based solely on an illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:210, Pl. 20a [ref. 11606]). •Probably a synonym of Netuma bilineatus (Valenciennes 1840) or N. thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108]). •Species inquirenda in Netuma -- (Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

steindachneri, Tachysurus Gilbert [C. H.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:29, Pl. 5 (fig. 9) [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences v. 4; ref. 1639] (Pacific) Panama. Holotype: CAS-SU 7026. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7027 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:41 [ref. 12291], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as "Cathorops" steindachneri (Gilbert & Starks 1904) -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:58 [ref. 23101]). •Valid as Cathorops steindachneri (Gilbert & Starks 1904) -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:882 [ref. 22829], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:45 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk 2007:46 [ref. 29324], Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008:43 [ref. 29576], Marceniuk et al. 2009:264 [ref. 30406], Matamoros et al. 2009:10[ref. 31241], Angulo et al. 2013:992 [ref. 33194], McMahan et al. 2013:445 [ref. 32422], Barriga Salazar 2014:115 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:399 [ref. 34894], Marceniuk et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34763], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:89 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:291 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops steindachneri (Gilbert & Starks 1904). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Central America (Pacific). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sthenocephalus, Osteogeniosus Day [F.] 1877:469, Pl. 108 (fig. 3) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Moulmein, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): ZSI 1263. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:158 [ref. 23762], Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Osteogeneiosus. See Kailola 1999:1879 [ref. 24732]. Spelled stenocephalus on plate caption. •Valid as Osteogeniosus sthenocephalus Day 1877 -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:49 [ref. 6800]). •Synonym of Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:711 [ref. 20764], Kailola 2004:141 [ref. 28108], Jayaram 2006:329 [ref. 28762], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:87 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155] with question., Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989] ). Current status: Synonym of Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

stirlingi, Arius Ogilby [J. D.] 1898:281 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 23 (pt 3); ref. 3276] Estuary of Adelaide River, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): SAMA F1095. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:46 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius stirlingi Ogilby 1898 -- (Roberts 1978:48 [ref. 8886] as cf. stirlingi, Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Arius armiger De Vis 1884 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:219 [ref. 12442], Larson & Williams 1997:348 [ref. 23967], Kailola 1999:1841 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Nemapteryx armiger (De Vis 1884) -- (Kailola 2004:139 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:354 [ref. 28997], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:75 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:46 [ref. 29155], Larson et al. 2013:38 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Synonym of Nemapteryx armiger (De Vis 1884). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

stormii, Cephalocassis Bleeker [P.] 1858:246 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 4 (art. 2); ref. 365] Mussi River, Palembang, southern Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1863.12.4.65 (1); ? RMNH 6893 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]. Illustrated as Silur. Pl. 52 [cumulative Pl. 100], published in Bleeker 1863 [ref. 393]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:216 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Arius stormii (Bleeker 1858) [sometimes as stormi] -- (Roberts 1989:110 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:80 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:165 [ref. 22772], Kailola 1999:1864 [ref. 24732], Tan & Ng 1999:297 [ref. 24254], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Kailola 2000:130 [ref. 25113], Kottelat 2001:141 [ref. 25780], Ng 2003:4 [ref. 27208]). •Valid as Hemiarius stormii (Bleeker 1858) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:68 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:667 [ref. 32225], Kottelat 2013:248 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemiarius stormii (Bleeker 1858). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Thailand, Vietnam and Indonesia. Habitat: brackish.

stricticassis, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:58 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Cayenne, French Guiana; Suriname. Syntypes: MNHN A-9406 (1, dry), RMNH 3034 (1) Suriname. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:15 [ref. 19575] with A.9406 as holotype, Boeseman 1972:297 [ref. 19698], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius grandicassis Valenciennes 1840 -- (Acero P. 2003:841 [ref. 26998]). •Synonym of Hemiarius grandicassis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Notarius grandicassis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:98 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:83 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2017:278 [ref. 35197]). Current status: Synonym of Notarius grandicassis (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

subrostratus, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:62 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Malabar, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1190 (poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:5 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tachysurus subrostratus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:48 [ref. 6800]). •Valid as incertae sedis, cf. Arius subrostratus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Kailola 2004:146 [ref. 28108], Kottelat 2013:245 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Arius subrostratus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:20 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155], Psomadakis et al. 2015:164 [ref. 34104], Psomadakis et al. 2020:307 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Arius subrostratus Valenciennes 1840. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Pakistan east to Philippines. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sumatranus, Bagrus Anonymous [Bennett [E. T.]] 1830:691 [Memoir of the life and public services of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles; ref. 259] Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1855.12.26.485 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]. On Code recommendation 51D, the anonymous author is listed in square brackets. Contrary to Kottelat (2013), the article does not have an author; but it can be found on p. xi and 629. •Valid as Tachysurus sumatranus ([Bennett] 1830) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:49 [ref. 6800]). •Probable synonym of Arius venosus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Kailola 1999:1869 [ref. 24732]). •Valid as Arius sumatranus ([Bennett] 1830) -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:159 [ref. 27969], Tan & Ng 1999:296 [ref. 24254], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Hemiarius sumatranus (Anonymous [Bennett] 1830) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:69 [ref. 29031], Marceniuk et al. 2012:643 [ref. 32225], Psomadakis et al. 2015:165 [ref. 34104], Psomadakis et al. 2020:308 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Hemiarius sumatranus (Anonymous [Bennett] 1830). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: east coast of India and Sri Lanka east to Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sundaicus, Hexanematichthys Bleeker [P.] 1858:2 (3) [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 5 (art. 7); ref. 364] Sonde Strait, Indonesia. Holotype: MNHN B-0604. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]. Unjustified emendation; appeared as "Hexanematichthys sundaicus Blkr = Bagrus sondaicus CV." See Kailola 1999:1862 [ref. 24732]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:111 [ref. 30423]. •In the synonymy of Hexanematichthys sagor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Hexanematichthys sagor (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sundanensis, Hemipimelodus Hardenberg [J. D. F.] 1948:411 [Treubia, Buitenzorg v. 19 (pt 3); ref. 13056] Kota Agung, Sunda Strait, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Cephalocassis -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:50 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:56 [ref. 29155]). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

surinamensis, Hexanematichthys Bleeker [P.] 1862:380 [10] [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 14; ref. 390] Suriname. Holotype (unique): RMNH 3055. Type catalog: Boeseman 1972:310 [ref. 19698], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155]. On p. 10 of separate. •Species inquirenda in Hexanematichthys Bleeker 1858 -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Ariopsis surinamensis (Bleeker 1862) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108]). •Species inquirenda in Sciades -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:111 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariopsis -- (Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155]). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish.

tachisurus, Pimelodus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:163 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] China. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:431 [ref. 29155]. Apparently an unneeded new name for Tachisurus chinensis [sic, for sinensis] Lacepède 1803. •Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108]). •Species inquirenda in Siluriformes -- (Ferraris 2007:431 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

taylori, Arius Hildebrand [S. F.] 1925:250, Fig. 10 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 41 (no. 985); ref. 15590] Río Lempa, San Marcos, El Salvador. Holotype: USNM 87224. Paratypes: FMNH [ex USNM 87224] (1, missing), Gov't. of El Salvador [ex USNM 87224] (1). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:7 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius taylori Hildebrand 1925 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Cathorops taylori (Hildebrand 1925) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:69 [ref. 22193], Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008:43 [ref. 29576], Marceniuk et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34763]). •Synonym of Cathorops steindachneri (Gilbert & Starks 1904) -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:882 [ref. 22829], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:45 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2009:269 [ref. 30406]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops taylori (Hildebrand 1925). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Guatemala and El Salvador [possibly Mexico and Honduras, doubtfully Panama]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

taylori, Hemipimelodus Roberts [T. R.] 1978:40, Figs. 19, 20h [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 281; ref. 8886] Upper Fly River, Papua New Guinea, 6°46'48"S, 141°36'36"E. Holotype: AMS 27087-001 [ex USNM 217076]. Paratypes: KFRS F.4682.01 [ex USNM 217077] (1), USNM 217077 (2, now 1, 1 exchanged to KFRS). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:8 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:48 [ref. 29155]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Arius taylori Hildebrand 1925, replaced by Arius robertsi Kailola 1990:24 [ref. 19337]. Resurrected by Ferraris 2007:48 [ref. 29155] on the basis of Art. 59.4. •Valid as Hemipimelodus taylori Roberts 1978 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Arius taylori (Roberts 1978) -- (Allen 1991:55 [ref. 21090], Kailola 1990:23, 24 [ref. 19337], Allen et al. 2000:47 [ref. 27467]). •Synonym of Ariopsis robertsi (Kailola 1990) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Potamosilurus robertsi (Kailola 1990) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:102 [ref. 29031], Allen et al. 2008:58 [ref. 30265]). •Valid as Neoarius taylori (Roberts 1978) -- (Ferraris 2007:48 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Neoarius taylori (Roberts 1978). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Fly River system, New Guinea [still known in 2007 from the original collection]. Habitat: freshwater.

temminckianus, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:463 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Originally as Cayenne, French Guiana [actual locality is Suriname, near Paramaribo]. Holotype (unique): RMNH (apparently lost). Spelled temminckii in contents, p. xxij; Günther 1864:151 [ref. 1974] serves as first reviser selecting temminckii over temminckianus. See Bagrus temminckii Valenciennes 1840. •Synonym of Sciades troschelii (Gill 1863) -- (Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108]). •Species inquirenda in Notarius -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:85 [ref. 29031]). Current status: Synonym of Notarius troschelii (Gill 1863). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

tenuispinis, Arius Day [F.] 1877:466, Pl. 107 (fig. 5) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Mumbai, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI F482. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:162 [ref. 23762], Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155]. + •Valid as Tachysurus tenuispinis (Day 1877) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:49 [ref. 6800]). •Valid as Arius tenuispinis Day 1877 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:705 [ref. 20764], Randall 1995:75 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:160 [ref. 27969], Carpenter et al. 1997:122 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Jayaram 2006:349 [ref. 28762]). •Synonym of Plicofollis layardi (Günther 1866) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Plicofollis layardi (Günther 1866) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Plicofollis tenuispinis (Day 1877) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:96 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225], Eagderi et al. 2019:131 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Plicofollis tenuispinis (Day 1877). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean: East Africa and Persian Gulf east to western Malaya (Malaysia). Habitat: brackish, marine.

thalassinus, Bagrus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1837:75, Pl. 20 (fig. 2) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes SMF 544 (1), 5414 (1, dry), 2627 (1, dry), 5740 (1, skeleton). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:49 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tachysurus thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:49 [ref. 6800]). •Valid as Arius thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:44 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:51 [ref. 29757], Allen & Swainston 1988:36 [ref. 25477], Kailola 1986:546 [ref. 6312] with a holotype, Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860], Paxton et al. 1989:220 [ref. 12442], Coad 1991:25 [ref. 15702], Goren & Dor 1994:13 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:76 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:161 [ref. 27969], Rainboth 1996:165 [ref. 22772], Allen 1997:60 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:23 [ref. 26476] dated 1835, Larson & Williams 1997:348 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:122 [ref. 23922], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:188 [ref. 24534], Kailola 1999:1865 [ref. 24732], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:239 [ref. 24754], Nakabo 2000:281 [ref. 25086], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Kailola 2000:127 [ref. 25113], Nakabo 2002:281 [ref. 26001], Ng 2003:10 [ref. 27208], Ng & Sparks 2003:16 [ref. 27207], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Khan 2003:8 [ref. 27710], Wang et al. 2005:423 [ref. 28263], Jayaram 2006:350 [ref. 28762]). •Valid as Netuma thalassinus (Rüppell 1837) -- (Kailola 2004:140 [ref. 28108], Hoese & Gates 2006:35 [ref. 28997], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:79 [ref. 29031], Kimura 2009:35 [ref. 30426], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2015:24 [ref. 34319]). •Valid as Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837) -- (Taylor 1986:158 [ref. 6195], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Marceniuk et al. 2012:667 [ref. 32225], Larson et al. 2013:40 [ref. 32988], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:412 [ref. 33460], Psomadakis et al. 2015:166 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:312 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:36 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:130 [ref. 37020], Takahashi et al. 2019:1 [ref. 37057], Psomadakis et al. 2020:310 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Netuma thalassina (Rüppell 1837). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific; East Africa and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, north to southern China, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: brackish, marine.

thunberg, Pimelodus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:691, 692 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] China; Japan. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155]. Unneeded new name for Silurus maculatus Thunberg 1792. •Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:18 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tonggol, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:292 [Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neȇrlandsch Indië v. 3 (2); ref. 19349] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.12.4.56 (1), RMNH 6894 (1 or more of 3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155]. Also appeared in Bleeker 1846:48 [ref. 313]. See Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155] for discussion of first reviser action resulting in tonggol being accepted over crossocheilos. See van Oijen et al. 2009:68 [ref. 30423]. •Synonym of "Arius" crossocheilus Bleeker 1846 -- (Kailola 1999:1844 [ref. 24732]). •Synonym of Plicofollis crossocheilos (Bleeker 1846) -- (Kailola 2004:142 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:92 [ref. 29031]). •Valid as Plicofollis tonggol (Bleeker 1846) -- (Ferraris 2007:52 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:251 [ref. 32989], Marceniuk et al. 2017:[4] [ref. 35522]). Current status: Valid as Plicofollis tonggol (Bleeker 1846). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore. Habitat: marine.

trachipomus, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:442 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Bengal. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9346 (mounted). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:4 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. See Kailola 1999:1863 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Sciades sona (Hamilton 1822) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:110 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Hemiarius sona (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108], Kottelat 2013:248 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Hemiarius sona (Hamilton 1822). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

troschelii, Sciades Gill [T. N.] 1863:171 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 1681] Western coast of Central America. Holotype (unique): USNM 4964 (lost). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155], Smith 2018:81 [ref. 36061]. •Valid as Sciadeops troschelii (Gill 1863) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:69 [ref. 22193] as troscheli, Bussing & López S. 1994:60 [ref. 23101], Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:885 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:59 [ref. 24545] as troschelli, Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:160 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:145 [ref. 24550] as troscheli, Nelson et al. 2004:83 [ref. 27807] as troschellii). •Valid as Sciades troschelii Gill 1863 -- (Kailola 2004:143 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:54 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Notarius troschelii (Gill 1863) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061], Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004:18 [ref. 28008], Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2006:55 [ref. 28736], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:84 [ref. 29031], Betancur-R. et al. 2007:349 [ref. 29268], Marceniuk et al. 2012:667 [ref. 32225], McMahan et al. 2013:445 [ref. 32422], Barriga Salazar 2014:115 [ref. 35745], Palacios-Salgado et al. 2014:237 [ref. 36362], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:399 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Notarius troschelii (Gill 1863). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico south to Peru. Habitat: brackish, marine.

trowi, Galeichthys Kulongowski [C.] 2010:14, Figs. 4, 5 6G, 7 [Smithiana, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin No. 12; ref. 30940] Coffee Bay, 31°59'14"S, 29°09'14"E, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, Indian Ocean, depth 31 meters Holotype: SAIAB 60957. Paratypes: AMNH, AMS, BMNH, CAS, MZUSP, SAIAB, USNM. Plus additional non-type material. The species name was based on Eugene Trow Jr. and his father Eugene Trow Sr., and first appeared as trowi; this is an incorrect original spelling, and must be emended to troworum according to ICZN Art. 31.1.2-3. •Valid as Galeichthys troworum Kulongowski 2010. Current status: Valid as Galeichthys troworum Kulongowski 2010. Ariidae: Galeichthyinae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa. Habitat: marine.

truncatus, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:64 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-0590. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:5 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:93 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Arius truncatus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:80 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:166 [ref. 22772], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:592 [ref. 23647], Kailola 1999:1866 [ref. 24732], Tan & Ng 1999:297 [ref. 24254], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Ng 2003:10 [ref. 27208]). •Valid as Cryptarius truncatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:135 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:57 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:43 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:643 [ref. 32225], Kottelat 2013:248 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:44 [ref. 34464]). Current status: Valid as Cryptarius truncatus (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: South and southeast Asia: Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand. Habitat: brackish.

tuyra, Arius Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1923:128, Pl. 5 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 15 (publ. 215); ref. 2963] Río Tuyra, mouth of Río Yape, Darien, Panama (Pacific). Holotype: USNM 79413. Paratypes: FMNH 26711-12 (2), 26713-15 (3); USNM 79411-12 (1, 2), 79414 (2); plus 7 other specimens. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:11 [ref. 12367], Ferraris & Vari 1992:7 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Arius tuyra Meek & Hildebrand 1923 -- (Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860]). •Possibly a synonym of Cathorops festae Boulenger 1898 -- (Betancur-R. & Acero P. 2004:13 [ref. 28008]). •Valid as Cathorops tuyra (Meek & Hildebrand 1923) -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:58 [ref. 23101], Allen & Robertson 1994:69 [ref. 22193], Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:883 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:161 [ref. 24555], Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Kailola 2004:132 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:46 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:40 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk 2007:46 [ref. 29324], Marceniuk & Betancur-R. 2008:43 [ref. 29576], Marceniuk et al. 2009:274 [ref. 30406], Marceniuk et al. 2012:666 [ref. 32225], Angulo et al. 2013:992 [ref. 33194], Barriga Salazar 2014:115 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:399 [ref. 34894], Marceniuk et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34763]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops tuyra (Meek & Hildebrand 1923). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Panama south to Peru, including adjacent estuaries and freshwater habitats. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

typus, Ketengus Bleeker [P.] 1846:9 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 7); ref. 16879] Banjermassing, Java, Indonesia, in rivers. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.12.4.112 (1). Bleeker specimens: NMV 46234 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1847:167 [ref. 314]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:212 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Ketengus typus Bleeker 1846 -- (Jayaram & Dhanze 1979:49 [ref. 6800], Burgess 1989:169 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:709 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:81 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:168 [ref. 22772], Kailola 1999:1877 [ref. 24732], Tan & Ng 1999:297 [ref. 24254], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Kailola 2004:138 [ref. 28108], Jayaram 2006:331 [ref. 28762], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:72 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:45-46 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2012:667 [ref. 32225], Kottelat 2013:249 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:45 [ref. 34464], Psomadakis et al. 2020:309 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Ketengus typus Bleeker 1846. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: east coast of India east to Indonesia, including Andaman Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

uncinatus, Arius Ng [H. H.] & Sparks [J. S.] 2003:12, Fig. 7 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 735; ref. 27207] Lake Andrapongy, near Antsohihy, Madagascar. Holotype: MHNG 2622.81. Paratypes: AMNH 211458 (1), MHNG 2537.66 (6), UMMZ 238058 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155], Fricke et al. 2018:61 [ref. 35805]. •Possibly valid as Ariopsis uncinatus (Ng & Sparks 2003) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Arius uncinatus Ng & Sparks 2003 -- (Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155], Fricke et al. 2018:61 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Arius uncinatus Ng & Sparks 2003. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Lake Andrapongy, northwestern Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater.

upsulonophorus, Tachisurus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1889:31 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 2; ref. 1253] Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MCZ 23750. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155]. •Status uncertain -- (Burgess 1989:170 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:97 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk 2005:113 [ref. 29379], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:65 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Litz & Koerber 2014:16 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:28 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

usumacintae, Potamarius Betancur-R. [R.] & Willink [P. W.] 2007:820, Fig. 2 (A-C), 3, 5A [Copeia 2007 (no. 4); ref. 29439] Petén, Río San Pedro at junction with spring-fed lagoon at El Paso de Caballo, Río Usumacinta basin, Guatemala. Holotype: UMMZ 248165. Paratypes: many at AMNH, AUM, ECO-SC, FMNH, UMMZ. •Valid as Potamarius usumacintae Betancur-R. & Willink 2007 -- (Page et al. 2013:82 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Potamarius usumacintae Betancur-R. & Willink 2007. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Río Usumacinta basin, Guatemala and Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

utarus, Arius Kailola [P. J.] 1990:12, Figs. 4 [Records of the Western Australian Museum Suppl. No. 34; ref. 19337] Murik Lakes, New Guinea. Holotype: AMS I.25406-001. Paratypes: AMS I.25406-002 (2); WAM P.27846-001 (4), P.27847-010 (7), P.28224-001 (1); QM I.21674 (1). Other paratypes at: CAS (2 lots, 3), CSIRO C 3532 (1), KFRS 5517.01 (2, discarded), NTM (2), RMNH 28814 (1), RMNH (1), SAMA F6254 (1), CAS-SU (3 lots, 3), ZMA (2 lots, 2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:8 [ref. 19335], Ferraris 2007:48 [ref. 29155], Moore et al. 2008:7 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Arius utarus Kailola 1990 -- (Allen & Coates 1990:61 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:56 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:298 [ref. 21400], Burgess & Finley 1996:165 [ref. 22901], Kailola 1999:1867 [ref. 24732], Kailola 2000:127 [ref. 25113]). •Valid as Ariopsis utarus (Kailola 1990) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Sciades utarus (Kailola 1990) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:111 [ref. 29031]). •Valid as Neoarius utarus (Kailola 1990) -- (Ferraris 2007:48 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Neoarius utarus (Kailola 1990). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

utik, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:40 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Syntypes: BMNH 1863.12.4.111 (1). Bleeker specimens: NMV 45987 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155]. The spelling oetik is used by Bleeker 1846:166 [ref. 5872]. Correct spelling is utik, as used by Bleeker 1862:31 [ref. 393]. •Valid as Arius utik Bleeker 1846 (often as oetik) -- (Burgess 1989:170 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:80 [ref. 23448], Kailola 1999:1868 [ref. 24732], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Ng 2003:10 [ref. 27208], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:19 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:35 [ref. 29155], Kimura 2009:33 [ref. 30426], Kottelat 2013:247 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:44 [ref. 34464], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2015:22 [ref. 34319]). Current status: Valid as Arius utik Bleeker 1846. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean and western Pacific: Andaman Sea to Gulf of Thailand, Kalimantan and Java (Indonesia). Habitat: brackish, marine.

utik, Cephalocassis Bleeker [P.] 1858:no page number [Atlas ichthyologique des Indes Orientales Néêrlandaises, ... Tome III.; ref. 30424] Not a new description. •Not available, name and description appeared in van Oijen et al. 2009:100 [ref. 30423] as a translation of Bleeker 1858 [ref. 30424] -- a work that was never published. Not intended as new by van Oijen et al. 2009. Current status: Synonym of Arius utik Bleeker 1846. Ariidae: Ariinae.

valenciennesi, Osteogeneiosus Bleeker [P.] 1846:51 [175] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.12.4.53 (1), NMV 46593-94 (1, 1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:51 [ref. 313]. See Kailola 1999:1879 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kailola 2004:141 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:87 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:51 [ref. 29155] with question, Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteogeneiosus militaris (Linnaeus 1758). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

valenciennesii, Arius Günther [A.] 1864:150 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Castelnau's Bagrus valenciennei questionably included in synonymy, but Günther credited name to Castelnau in index -- apparently not intended as an original description. Ariidae: Ariinae.

valenciennesii, Genidens Bleeker [P.] 1858:68 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 4 (art. 2); ref. 365] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Argentina. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-1213 (2) Rio de Janeiro, B-0678 (1) Rio de la Plata. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155]. Unneeded substitute for Bagrus genidens Valenciennes (Boeseman 1972:307 [ref. 19698]); apparently to avoid "Strickland tautonymy." •Synonym of Genidens genidens (Cuvier 1829) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:98 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:66 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Litz & Koerber 2014:17 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:28 [ref. 35117] as valenciennesi). Current status: Synonym of Genidens genidens (Cuvier 1829). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish.

vandeli, Arius Puyo [J.] 1936:123, Figs. 21G, 22 [Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse v. 71 (no. 4); ref. 15298] Cayenne River, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1936-0160. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:9 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Arius grandicassis Valenciennes 1840 -- (Acero P. 2003:841 [ref. 26998]). •Synonym of Notarius grandicassis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:98 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:83 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:50 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2017:278 [ref. 35197]). Current status: Synonym of Notarius grandicassis (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

variolosus, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:107 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Cayenne, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-4169. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:8 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155] •Valid as Arius variolosus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Burgess 1989:170 [ref. 12860]). •Species inquirenda in Cathorops Jordan & Gilbert 1883 -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:46 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:41 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Cathorops arenatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk et al. 2012:77 [ref. 31865]). Current status: Synonym of Cathorops arenatus (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

velutinus, Hemipimelodus Weber [M.] 1907:225 [Süsswasserfische von Neu-Guinea v. 5 (Zool.) pt 2; ref. 4599] Lake Sentani and mouth of Tami and Tawarin rivers, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Syntypes: (31) AMNH 9478 (1), FMNH 52392 [ex CM 648] (1), NMW 8222-23 (1, 1), RMNH 8001 [ex ZMA] (1), ZMA 112654-56 (3, 6, 12). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:53 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:45 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:48 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemipimelodus velutinus Weber 1907 -- (Desoutter 1977:11 [ref. 20628], Burgess 1989:167 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Arius velutinus (Weber 1907) -- (Kailola 1990:23 [ref. 19337], Allen & Coates 1990:62 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:56 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:298 [ref. 21400], Kailola 2000:127 [ref. 25113]). •Valid as Ariopsis velutinus (Weber 1907) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108] dated 1908). •Valid as Potamosilurus velutinus (Weber 1907) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:102 [ref. 29031], Marceniuk et al. 2012:668 [ref. 32225]). •Valid as Neoarius velutinus (Weber 1907) -- (Ferraris 2007:48 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Potamosilurus velutinus (Weber 1907). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea and Irian Jaya. Habitat: freshwater.

venaticus, Bagrus Richardson [J.] 1845:33 [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Northwestern coast of Australia. Holotype (unique): destroyed. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. •Status uncertain -- (Paxton et al. 1989:220 [ref. 12442]). •Incertae sedis -- (Hoese & Gates 2006:356 [ref. 28997]). •Species inquirenda in Neoarius -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:78 [ref. 29031]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: marine.

venosus, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:69 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Rangoon, Myanmar; Manila, Philippines. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-1205 (2) Rangoon. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:6 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:98 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Arius venosus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Burgess 1989:170 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:80 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:166 [ref. 22772], Kailola 1999:1869 [ref. 24732], Kailola in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Ng 2003:10 [ref. 27208], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:20 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155], Kimura 2009:34 [ref. 30426], Kottelat 2013:247 [32989], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2015:23 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2020:307 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Arius venosus Valenciennes 1840. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar east to Philippines, north to Vietnam. Habitat: brackish, marine.

verrucosus, Arius Ng [H. H.] 2003:3, Fig. 1 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 734; ref. 27208] Mekong River at Ban Hang Khone, just downstream from Khone Falls, Champasak, Laos. Holotype: UMMZ 235408. Paratypes: CAS 96570 (1); UMMZ 214609 (1), 214611 (1), 214619 (1), 232326 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemiarius verrucosus (Ng 2003) -- (Kailola 2004:137 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:69 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:45 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:248 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemiarius verrucosus (Ng 2003). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Middle and lower reaches of the Mekong River and possibly the lower Bang Pakong, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

versicolor, Pimelodus Castelnau [F. L.] 1855:35, Pl. 16 (fig. 3) [Animaux nouveaux or rares v. 2; ref. 766] Rio Araguay, Goiás, Brazil. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-1206 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:13 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:97 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk 2005:113 [ref. 29379], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:65 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Litz & Koerber 2014:16 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:28 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

vertagus, Bagrus Richardson [J.] 1845:33 [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Northwestern coast of Australia. Holotype (unique): apparentlly destroyed. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. •Status uncertain -- (Paxton et al. 1989:220 [ref. 12442]). •Incertae sedis -- (Hoese & Gates 2006:356 [ref. 28997]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Northwestern Australia [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

viviparus, Arius Bleeker [P.] 1846:45 [171] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:45 [ref. 313]. See Kailola 1999:1854 [ref. 24732]. •Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792) -- (Kailola 2004:127 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:18 [ref. 29031], Kottelat 2013:246 [ref. 32989]). •Species inquirenda in Ariidae -- (Ferraris 2007:55 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Arius maculatus (Thunberg 1792). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

walrechti, Sciadeichthys (Selenaspis) Boeseman [M.] 1954:60, Pl. 3 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 33 (no. 9); ref. 12263] Suriname. Holotype: RMNH 2141. Paratypes: RMNH 19808-09 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155], •Synonym of Selenaspis couma (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Acero P. 2003:850 [ref. 26998]). •Synonym of Hexanematichthys couma (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:451 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Sciades couma (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108], Marceniuk 2005:99 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:105 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:53 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Sciades couma (Valenciennes 1840). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

wayuu, Cathorops Betancur-R. [R.], Acero P. [P.] & Marceniuk [A. P.] in Marceniuk, Betancur-R., Acero P. & Muriel-Cunha 2012:87, Fig. 9 [Copeia 2012 (no. 1); ref. 31865] La Guajira, Camarones at lagoon, ca. 11°25'43"N, 73°04'15"W, (Caribbean) Colombia. Holotype: INVEMAR-PEC 8247. Paratypes: many at AUM and INVEMAR-PEC. •Valid as Cathorops wayuu Betancur-R., Acero P. & Marceniuk 2012 -- (Marceniuk et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34763]). Current status: Valid as Cathorops wayuu Betancur-R., Acero P. & Marceniuk 2012. Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Colombia to Venezuela, southern Caribbean Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

xenauchen, Galeichthys Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Evermann 1898:2777 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2445] Panama (Pacific). Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 5821. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:41 [ref. 12291]. Author is C. H. Gilbert. Holotype figured in Gilbert & Starks 1904, Pl. 4 (fig. 7) [ref. 1639]. •Synonym of Arius lentiginosus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888) -- (Kailola & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:870 [ref. 22829]). •Synonym of Ariopsis lentiginosus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888) -- (Kailola 2004:126 [ref. 28108], Ferraris 2007:33 [ref. 29155] as lentiginosa). •Synonym of Notarius lentiginosus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:452 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:83 [ref. 29031]). Current status: Synonym of Notarius lentiginosus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.