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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Atherinidae: [ 150 ] records


aegyptia, Atherina mochon var. Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:424, Fig. 31 [Zoology of Egypt: The fishes of the Nile; ref. 6510] Mediterranean Sea coast of Egypt; lakes Temsah and Menzaleh, Egypt. Syntypes: BMNH (about 30) Lake Temsah, BMNH (about 40) Lake Menzaleh, BMNH (6) Mediterranean coast of Egypt; MNHN 1907-0238 (6). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:708 [ref. 21541]. •Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810 -- (Maugé 1986:277 [ref. 6218], Kottelat 1997:159 [ref. 22952], Miller 2003:47 [ref. 27342]). Current status: Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aetholepis, Atherinomorus Kimura [S.], Iwatsuki [Y.] & Yoshino [T.] 2002:240, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Research v. 49 (no. 3); ref. 26333] Baguala Bay, Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype: MNHN 2001-1247. Paratypes: AMS I.40967-001 (3); ANSP 178334 [ex FRLM 14797 and 14799] (?); BMNH 2001-10.26.1-2 (2); CAS 214322 (2); FRLM 11805 (1), 11807-09 (3), 12101 (1), 14644 (1), 14731 (1), 14733-34 (2), 14793-95 (3), 14798 (1), 14802 (1), 14805-06 (2), 14815-16 (2), 23493 (1), 23536-37 (2), 23538-41 (4); MNHN A-4405 (2); MUFS 26310-11 (2), 26312-13 (2); NSMT-P 61269-61270 (4); URM-P 41448-49 (2); USNM 361938 (2), 365942 (3). For movement of paratypes to ANSP see Ichthyol. Res., 2003, v. 50:207. •Valid as Atherinomorus aetholepis Kimura, Iwatsuki & Yoshino 2002 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:158 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:286 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:59 [ref. 34464], Sasaki & Kimura 2014:3 [ref. 33189]). Current status: Valid as Atherinomorus aetholepis Kimura, Iwatsuki & Yoshino 2002. Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

affinis, Atherina Bennett [E. T.] 1832:166 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 4944] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:113 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Synonym of Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster 1801) -- (Ivantsoff & Crowley 1991:487 [ref. 19162], Fricke 1999:111 [ref. 24106], Kottelat 2013:286 [ref. 32989] with question). •Nomen dubium in Atherinomorus -- (Kimura et al. 2007:155 [ref. 29157]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinomorus. Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: marine.

afra, Atherina Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1855:436 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1855; ref. 3449] Mozambique. Syntypes: ZMB 1893 (1), 23575 (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:176 [ref. 19981]. Also described as new in Peters 1855:244 [ref. 13448]. •Valid as Allanetta afra (Peters 1855) -- (Dor 1984:67 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Hypoatherina temminckii (Bleeker 1854) -- (Ivantsoff 1986:383 [ref. 6292], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2136 [ref. 24783], Sasaki & Kimura 2014:22 [ref. 33189]). Current status: Synonym of Hypoatherina temminckii (Bleeker 1854). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: marine.

africanus, Atherion Smith [J. L. B.] 1965:607, Pl. 98 (fig. B), Fig. 2 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 31; ref. 4135] Inhaca Island, Mozambique. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 622. Paratypes: (13) MNHN 1965-0579 (1, poor condition); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 623 (3), 624 (6); USNM 199695 (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:714 [ref. 21541]. •Valid as Atherion africanus Smith 1965 -- (Ivantsoff 1986:383 [ref. 6292]). •Valid as Atherion africanum Smith 1965 -- (Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:125 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2018:101 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Atherion africanum Smith 1965. Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South and East Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

amniculus, Craterocephalus Crowley [L. E. L. M.] & Ivantsoff [W.] 1990:88, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 112 (no. 2); ref. 19216] Cockburn River, Nemingha, New South Wales, Australia, 31°07'S, 151[or 150]°59'E. Holotype: AMS I.28880-001. Paratypes: AMNH 58688 (2), AMS I.28880-002 (10), NTM S.12526-001 (3), UMMZ 214855 (2), WAM P.29891.001 (4). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:14 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:15 [ref. 30117] •Valid as Craterocephalus amniculus Crowley & Ivantsoff 1990 -- (Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:275 [ref. 20015], Ivantsoff & Crowley in McDowall 1996:124 [ref. 22909], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:127 [ref. 25930], Larson et al. 2005:84 [ref. 28361], Paxton et al. 2006:705 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:53 [ref. 31135]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus amniculus Crowley & Ivantsoff 1990. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Australia: New South Wales. Habitat: freshwater.

annator, Craterocephalus Whitley [G. P.] 1938:226 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 4693] Fly River, 30 miles above d'Albertis Junction, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: AMS IA.7228 (largest). Paratypes: AMS IA.7228 (orig. 6 of 7), ?ZMA 113080 [ex AMS] (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:73 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Craterocephalus randi Nichols & Raven 1934 -- (Crowley et al. 1991:44 [ref. 16645]). Current status: Synonym of Craterocephalus randi Nichols & Raven 1934. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Habitat: freshwater.

anterina, Atherina Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 127 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. •In the synonymy of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810 -- (Kottelat 1997:159 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810. Atherinidae: Atherininae.

anticanus, Craterocephalus Whitley [G. P.] 1955:159 [Australian Zoologist v. 12 (pt 2); ref. 4723] Shark Bay, Western Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.282. Paratypes: AMS IB.283-289 (1 ea.), IB.1628 (3), IB.1633 (5), IB.1639 (6), IB.1654 (1); WAM. •Synonym of Craterocephalus capreoli Rendahl 1922 -- (Crowley & Ivantsoff 1988:161 [ref. 12286], Paxton et al. 1989:357 [ref. 12442], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2129 [ref. 24783], Paxton et al. 2006:705 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Craterocephalus capreoli Rendahl 1922. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aphrozoicus, Atherion elymus Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:295 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Tara Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 143305. Paratypes: FMNH 62599 [ex USNM 140303] (1); USNM 143303 (orig. 14, now 13). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:14 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Atherion elymus Jordan & Starks 1901 -- (Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2118 [ref. 24783]). Current status: Synonym of Atherion elymus Jordan & Starks 1901. Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: marine.

araea, Atherina Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1884:27 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 7 (no. 402); ref. 12325] Key West, Florida, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 34967. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 1870 (3), USNM 34967 ("typical specimens"). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:64-65 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established (as figured specimen) in caption to Pl. 123, p. 3259 in Jordan & Evermann 1900 [ref. 2446] if figured specimen is identifiable; USNM now apparently only shows 1 specimen in 34967. •Synonym of Hypoatherina harringtonensis (Goode 1877). •Synonym of Atherina harringtonensis Goode 1877. Current status: Synonym of Atherina harringtonensis Goode 1877. Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: marine.

argyrotaenia, Haplocheilus Tirant [G.] 1883:[25] [Bulletin de la Société des Études Indo-chinoises. Saigon. 1883; ref. 17920] Hué, Vietnam. Syntypes: MHNL 4200-0043 [3436] (22), USNM 48006 [ex MHNL] (1). Type catalog: Chevey 1937:248 [ref. 31779]. Reprinted in Chevey 1929:25 [ref. 17919]. Original genus should have been Aplocheilus. •An atherinid of unsolved status -- (Kottelat 1986:18 [ref. 11434]). •Synonym of Hypoatherina valenciennei (Bleeker 1854) -- (Ivantsoff & Kottelat 1988:143 [ref. 6856], Kottelat 2013:287 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hypoatherina valenciennei (Bleeker 1854). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

argyrotaeniata, Atherina Bleeker [P.] 1849:72 [Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia (Singapore) v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 316] Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Spelled argyrotaenia by Bleeker 1858-59:147 [ref. 16982]. Atherinidae: Atherininae.

asper, Atherion elymus Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:294 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Ocean reef at edge of channel, Bokon Island, Bikini Atoll, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 140330. Paratypes: USNM 140331 (1), 140476 (4). •Synonym of Atherion elymus Jordan & Starks 1901 -- (Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2118 [ref. 24783]). Current status: Synonym of Atherion elymus Jordan & Starks 1901. Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: marine.

athaerina, Athaerina Nardo [G. D.] 1827:33, 39 [Giornale di fisica, chimica e storia naturale, medicina, ed arti. (series 2) Dec. II, v. 10; ref. 3146] Istria, Croatia; Marseille, France; [Iviza] Ibiza, Balearic Islands, western Mediterranean Sea, Greece. Syntypes: ?MNHN. Original genus should have been Atherina. Based in part on the Atherina of Rondeletius 1554:216, fig. [ref. 30354]. •Synonym of Atherina hepsetus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:160 [ref. 22952], de Morais et al. 2016:2116 [ref. 34600]). Current status: Synonym of Atherina hepsetus Linnaeus 1758. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

balabacensis, Atherina Seale [A.] 1910:498, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Balabac Island, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 4983 (destroyed in WWII). Paratypes: (8, destroyed in WWII) BSMP 4983, 5308, 5229. Additional material: (23, destroyed in WWII) BSMP 1241, 1295, 1370, 1447, 1457, 1495, 1658, 1659, 1981, 2079, 4866, 5475. •Valid as Atherinomorus balabacensis (Seale 1910) -- (Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2119 [ref. 24783], Ivantsoff in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122]). •Synonym of Atherinomorus duodecimalis (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Kimura et al. 2001:172 [ref. 25381], Kottelat 2013:286 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinomorus duodecimalis (Valenciennes 1835). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

barnesi, Hypoatherina Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:304, Fig. 47 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Lagoon one half mile off Rongelap Island, Rongelap Atoll, Marshall Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 140470. Paratypes: FMNH 62602-03 (2, 2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 627 (1); USNM 65749 (16), 140457-69 (200, 1, 33, 2, 2, 14, 13, 103, 220, 107, 2, 13, 18), 140471 (5). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:48 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Hypoatherina barnesi Schultz 1953 -- (Ivantsoff 1986:383 [ref. 6292], Paxton et al. 1989:359 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:16 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:59 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:17 [ref. 25356], Randall et al. 1997:59 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:73 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:113 [ref. 24106], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2133 [ref. 24783], Ivantsoff in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S99 [ref. 27377], Paxton et al. 2006:710 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2011:370 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:160 [ref. 31980], Sasaki & Kimura 2012:5, 7 [ref. 32345], Fricke et al. 2014:37 [ref. 33932], Sasaki & Kimura 2014:13 [ref. 33189], Fricke et al. 2018:101 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:44 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Hypoatherina barnesi Schultz 1953. Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Aldabra, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Marshall Islands and Cook Islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

bimanensis, Atherina Bleeker [P.] 1848:637 [Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia (Singapore) v. 2 (no. 9); ref. 315] Bima, Sumbawa Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. No types known. •Questionably a synonym of Atherinomorus endrachtensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Ivantsoff & Crowley 1991:495 [ref. 19162]). •Not identifiable as any known species -- (Kimura et al. 2001:172 [ref. 25381]). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: marine.

bleekeri, Atherina Günther [A.] 1861:398 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Chinese and Japanese seas. Syntypes: BMNH 1851.12.27.181-184 (6). Based on literature source and specimens. •Valid as Hypoatherina bleekeri (Günther 1861) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:119 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Allanetta bleekeri (Günther 1861) -- (Liang in Kuang et al. 1986:187 [ref. 26639], Liang in Pan et al. 1991:328 [ref. 23876], Cheng & Zhou 1997:219 [ref. 26385]). •Synonym of Hypoatherina valenciennei (Bleeker 1854) -- (Ivantsoff & Kottelat 1988:143 [ref. 6856], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2138 [ref. 24783], Kottelat 2013:287 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hypoatherina valenciennei (Bleeker 1854). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bonapartii, Atherina Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:426 [Zoology of Egypt: The fishes of the Nile; ref. 6510] Gulf of Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: BMNH. Based on Atherina mochon "of most Italian authors" and on "Latterino comune" of Bonaparte. •Valid as Atherina bonapartei [sic] Boulenger 1907 -- (Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:169 [ref. 31251]). •Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810 -- (Kiener & Spillmann 1973:577 [ref. 7217], Vasil'eva 1994: 618 [ref. 32016], Vasil'eva 1996: 203 [ref. 32017], Kottelat 1997:159 [ref. 22952] with question, Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:57 [ref. 26753], Miller 2003:47 [ref. 27342], de Morais et al. 2016:2115 [ref. 34600], Vasil'eva 2017:793 [ref. 35714]). Current status: Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

boyeri, Atherina Risso [A.] 1810:338, Pl. 10 (fig. 38) [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Dept. du Var, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Lectotype: MNHN A-4342 (70.6 mm SL). Paralectotypes: MNHN A-4342 (now 1, poor condition), MNHN B-860 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bertin 1945:376 [ref. 21554], Blanc & Hureau 1971:703 [ref. 21541]. Spelled boieri in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:xxiij, 432, Pl. 303 [ref. 1004]. Recognition of subspecies still in doubt; see Miller 2003:53-55 [ref. 27342]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:83 [ref. 30320]. •Valid as Atherina boyeri Risso 1810 -- (Kiener & Spillmann 1973:576 [ref. 7217], Quignard & Pras in Whitehead et al. 1986:1208 [ref. 13677], Maugé 1986:277 [ref. 6218], Maugé 1990:604 [ref. 17126], Trabelsi et al. 1994:457 [ref. 22324], Vasil'eva 1994: 618 [ref. 32016], Coad 1995:26 [ref. 23608], Bianco et al. 1996:56 [ref. 26724], Vasil'eva 1996: 203 [ref. 32017], Kottelat 1997:158 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:746 [ref. 24702], Sokolov 1998:108 [ref. 23571], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366], Trabelsi et al. 2000:77 [ref. 25538], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:57 [ref. 26753], Miller 2003:47 [ref. 27342] in subgenus Hepsetia, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:175 [ref. 28183], Fricke et al. 2007:68 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:470 [ref. 29996], Vasil'eva 2007:65 [ref. 30517], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:33 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:192 [ref. 33547], Barbieri et al. 2015:89 [ref. 35029], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], de Morais et al. 2016:2115 [ref. 34600], Vasil'eva 2017:799 [ref. 35714], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864], Özuluğ & Saç 2019:24 [ref. 36599]). Current status: Valid as Atherina boyeri Risso 1810. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, Sea of Azov, eastern Atlantic: southern North Sea to Mauritania including Canary Islands; introduced into lakes in Turkey. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brachypterus, Atherina Bleeker [P.] 1851:243 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 331] Banda Neira, Banda Islands, Indonesia. Whereabouts unknown. Treated as a nomen dubium by Sasaki & Kimura 2014:27 [ref. 33189]. •Questionably a senior synonym of Hypoatherina temminckii (Bleeker 1854) -- (Kottelat 2013:22 [ef. 32989], Sasaki & Kimura 2014:22 [ref. 33189]). Current status: Uncertain as Hypoatherina temminckii (Bleeker 1854). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: marine.

breviceps, Atherina Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:445 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: MNHN A-4381 (3). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:704 [ref. 21541]. •Valid as Atherina breviceps Valenciennes 1835 -- (Ivantsoff 1986:382 [ref. 6292], Skelton 1993:350 [ref. 24071], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:146 [ref. 25472], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2113 [ref. 24783], Skelton 2001:350 [ref. 27406], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:124 [ref. 28072]). Current status: Valid as Atherina breviceps Valenciennes 1835. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and southwestern Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brevirostris, Kestratherina Pavlov [A.], Ivantsoff [W.], Last [P. R.] & Crowley [L. E. L. M.] 1988:387, Fig. 1 [Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 39 (no. 4); ref. 12285] Trial Bay, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.26442-001. Paratypes: AMS I.26442-002 (3), I.26454-001 (7); BMNH 1987.1.5.1-3 (3); NMV A3930 (2); WAM P.29154-001 (4); USNM 284582 (3). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:15 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:16 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Kestratherina brevirostris Pavlov, Ivantsoff, Last & Crowley 1988 -- (Kuiter 1993:68 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:379 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:711 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2008:398 [ref. 30624]). Current status: Valid as Kestratherina brevirostris Pavlov, Ivantsoff, Last & Crowley 1988. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia: Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

capreoli, Craterocephalus Rendahl [H.] 1922:175, fig. [Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne v. 60; ref. 3701] Roebuck Bay, 17°59'S, 122°15'E, Western Australia. Holotype: ZMUO J993. Paratypes: (1) BMNH 1922.1.14.1 (1), ?NRM 10444 (1). Type catalog: Pethon 1969:6 [ref. 19268] as capreolus. •Valid as Craterocephalus capreoli Rendahl 1922 -- (Crowley & Ivantsoff 1988:161 [ref. 12286], Paxton et al. 1989:357 [ref. 12442], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:276 [ref. 20015], Larson & Williams 1997:351 [ref. 23967], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2129 [ref. 24783], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:705 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:54 [ref. 31135], Larson et al. 2013:62 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus capreoli Rendahl 1922. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

capricornensis, Pranesus Woodland [D. J.] 1961:540, Fig. 1 [Pacific Science v. 15 (no. 4); ref. 9394] Reef flat on Heron Island, Capricorn Group, Queensland, Australia, Coral Sea, southwestern Pacific. Holotype: QM I.8201. Paratypes: QM I.8202-05 (1, 1, 1, 1). •Valid as Atherinomorus capricornensis (Woodland 1961) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:355 [ref. 12442], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1991:492 [ref. 19162], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2120 [ref. 24783], Kimura et al. 2001:170 [ref. 25381], Paxton et al. 2006:702 [ref. 28995]). •Synonym of Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster 1801) -- (Kimura et al. 2007:150 [ref. 29157], Kottelat 2013:286 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster 1801). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

carolina, Atherina Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:445 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Carolinas, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN A-4366 (3). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:704 [ref. 21541]. Atherinidae: Atherininae.

caspia, Atherina presbyter var. Eichwald [C. E. von] 1831:72 [Zoologia specialis quam expositis animalibus tum vivis Pars posterior [3]; ref. 5562] Caspian Sea. No types known. Also appeared as new in Eichwald 1838:100 [ref. 34622], as Atherina caspia. •Synonym of Atherina mochon Cuvier 1829 -- (Berg 1949:1003 [ref. 20662]). •Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810 -- (Maugé 1990:604 [ref. 17126], Coad 1995:26 [ref. 23608], Miller 2003:47 [ref. 27342], de Morais et al. 2016:2115 [ref. 34600]). •Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810, but a valid subspecies -- (Vasil'eva 1994: 618 [ref. 32016], Vasil'eva 1996: 203 [ref. 32017], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:746 [ref. 24702], Sokolov 1998:108 [ref. 23571] dated to 1838). •Valid as Atherina caspia Eichwald 1831 -- (Esmaeili et al. 2010:374 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:892 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:89 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:71 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Atherina caspia Eichwald 1831. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Distribution: Caspian Sea basin, Eurasia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

celebesensis, Hypoatherina Sasaki [D.] & Kimura [S.] 2012:348, Fig. 1-2 [Ichthyological Research v. 59 (no. 4); ref. 32279] Winenet Market in Bitung, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 20079 (formerly FRLM 40162). Paratypes: AMS, BMNH, CAS, FRLM, LBRC-F, MNHN, NSMT-P, RMNH, USNM, ZRC. •Valid as Hypoatherina celebesensis Sasaki & Kimura 2012-- (Sasaki & Kimura 2012:5, 7 [ref. 32345]). •Valid as "Hypoatherina" celebesensis Sasaki & Kimura 2012 -- (Sasaki & Kimura 2014:4 [ref. 33189]). Current status: Valid as Hypoatherina celebesensis Sasaki & Kimura 2012. Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Singapore, Palau and North Sulawesi and Timor, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

centralis, Craterocephalus Crowley [L. E. L. M.] & Ivantsoff [W.] 1990:92, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 112 (no. 2); ref. 19216] Finke River, Glen Helen Gorge, Northern Territory, Australia., 23°41'S, 132°40'E. Holotype: AMS I.28888-001. Paratypes: AMNH 58689 (2); AMS I.28874-001 (8), I.28790-001 (4), I.28875-001 (1); NTM S.12527-001 (4), S.12528-001 (3); UMMZ 214856 (2); WAM P.29892.001 (4), P.29893-001 (2). Non-types: AMS IA.24687.001 (4). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:14 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:15 [ref. 30117]. Authors say 29 paratypes, but numbers given add up to 30. •Valid as Craterocephalus centralis Crowley & Ivantsoff 1990 -- (Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:279 [ref. 20015], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:128 [ref. 25930], Larson et al. 2005:84 [ref. 28361], Paxton et al. 2006:705 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:54 [ref. 31135], Larson et al. 2013:62 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus centralis Crowley & Ivantsoff 1990. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Northern Territory, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

cephalotes, Atherinichthys Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:137 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Holotype: MNHN A-4560. Additional material: (1, whereabouts unknown). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:713 [ref. 21541]. •Synonym of Atherinason esox (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:355 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Kestratherina esox (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Paxton et al. 2006:711 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Kestratherina esox (Klunzinger 1872). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

coroneda, Atherina Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:57, Pl. 5 (fig. 4) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:36 [ref. 3595]. Atherinidae: Atherininae.

crenolepis, Allanetta Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:302, Fig. 46 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Tara Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 143304. Paratypes: FMNH 62598 [ex USNM 136803] (3); USNM 136803 (orig. 67, now 64), 138065 (11). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:7 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Hypoatherina crenolepis (Schultz 1953) -- (Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2134 [ref. 24783], Ivantsoff in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Atherinomorus crenolepis (Schultz 1953) -- (Kimura et al. 2001:170 [ref. 25381], Allen & Erdmann 2012:160 [ref. 31980], Sasaki & Kimura 2012:5 [ref. 32345], Yoshida et al. 2013:59 [ref. 34464]). Current status: Valid as Atherinomorus crenolepis (Schultz 1953). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

cuneiceps, Craterocephalus Whitley [G. P.] 1944:266 [Australian Zoologist v. 10 (pt 3); ref. 4705] Belele Station, via Meekatharra, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.1998-001. Paratypes: WAM P.1999-001 to P.2005-001 (8). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:14 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:15 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Craterocephalus cuneiceps Whitley 1944 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:358 [ref. 12442], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:280 [ref. 20015], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:129 [ref. 25930], Larson et al. 2005:84 [ref. 28361], Paxton et al. 2006:705 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:54 [ref. 31135], Larson et al. 2013:63 [ref. 32988], Morgan et al. 2014:17 [ref. 36567]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus cuneiceps Whitley 1944. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Western Australia: Gascoyne and Pilbara endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

cylindrica, Atherina Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:453 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Australia [apparently not Waigeo Island, Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-4408. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:704 [ref. 21541]. See Kimura et al. 2001:382 [ref. 25784] for comments on type and type locality. •Valid as Atherinomorus cylindricus (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2121 [ref. 24783]). •Synonym [objective] of Atherinomorus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Kimura et al. 2001:380 [ref. 25784], Kimura et al. 2002:244 [ref. 26333]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinomorus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: marine.

cylindrica, Atherina Klunzinger [C. B.] 1870:834 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 20; ref. 2621] Red Sea. Syntypes [some may be non-types]: BMNH 1871.7.15.37 (1), SMF 1854 (2), SMNS 2772 (3, lost), ZIN 2604 (2), ZMB 8001 (1), ?ZMB 10579 (4). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:176 [ref. 19981], Fricke 1992:5 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:14 [ref. 29864]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Atherina cylindrica Valenciennes 1835, replaced by Atherina gobio Klunzinger 1884. •Synonym of Allanetta afra (Peters 1855) -- (Dor 1984:67 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Hypoatherina temminckii (Bleeker 1854) based on placement of afra and gobio. •Synonym of Hypoatherina gobio (Klunzinger 1870) -- (Sasaki & Kimura 2014:15 [ref. 33189]). Current status: Synonym of Hypoatherina temminckii (Bleeker 1854). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: marine.

dalhousiensis, Craterocephalus Ivantsoff [W.] & Glover [C. J. M.] 1974:89, Fig. 1 [Australian Zoologist v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 7508] Main Spring, Dalhousie Springs, South Australia, 26°25'S, 135°30'E. Holotype: SAMA F3453. Paratypes: AMNH 32956 (6); AMS I.17756-001 (12), I.17756-002 (6); BMNH 1976.6.4.1-6 or 1976.4.12.1-6 (6); MNHN 1974-0088 (6); SAMA F3453 (1 female labeled allotype, + 20); F3466 (8); UMMZ 202438 (10); ZMA 113370 (6). Type catalog: Glover 1976:170 [ref. 19449] with no mention of paratype SAMA F3466, Nijssen et al. 1982:73 [ref. 19236]. Appeared first in the Sydney Morning Herald, 1 June 1974, but that is regarded as unintended for the permanent scientific record. •Valid as Craterocephalus dalhousiensis Ivantsoff & Glover 1974 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:358 [ref. 12442], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:278 [ref. 20015], Ivantsoff & Crowley in McDowall 1996:128 [ref. 22909], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:130 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129], Paxton et al. 2006:706 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:54 [ref. 31135], Hammer et al. 2012:64 [ref. 32389]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus dalhousiensis Ivantsoff & Glover 1974. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: South Australia, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

dannevigi, Atherina McCulloch [A. R.] 1911:31, Pl. 16 (fig. 2) [Biological Results Endeavour [v. 1] (pt 1); ref. 2936] Oyster Bay, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: AMS E.1052. Paratypes: (2) AMS E.3070 (1), I.10417 (1), 13460 (1), 15268 (1). •Synonym of Atherinason hepsetoides (Richardson 1843) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:355 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:376 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:701 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinason hepsetoides (Richardson 1843). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: marine.

duodecimalis, Atherina Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:458 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Sri Lanka, Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-4382. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:705 [ref. 21541]. •Valid as Atherinomorus duodecimalis (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Ivantsoff 1986:382 [ref. 6292], Myers 1999:73 [ref. 23965], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2122 [ref. 24783], Ivantsoff in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:97 [ref. 26368], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:156 [ref. 27511], Kimura et al. 2001:172 [ref. 25381], Kimura et al. 2002:243 [ref. 26333], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830] as duodecemalis, Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:24 [ref. 27510], Randall 2005:78 [ref. 28239], Kimura 2009:46 [ref. 30426], Fricke et al. 2011:369 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:158 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:286 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:58 [ref. 34464], Sasaki & Kimura 2014:3 [ref. 33189] as cf. duodecimalis, Motomura et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35490], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:156 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Atherinomorus duodecimalis (Valenciennes 1835). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: east coast of India and Sri Lanka east to Philippines and Vanuatu, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

edelensis, Atherinichthys Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:134 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Swan River, Western Australia. Syntypes: MNHN A-4302 to 4303 (5, 5), A-4373 (4). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:713 [ref. 21541]. •Synonym of Atherinosoma presbyteroides (Richardson 1843) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:357 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Leptatherina presbyteroides (Richardson 1843) -- (Paxton et al. 2006:712 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Leptatherina presbyteroides (Richardson 1843). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: marine.

elongata, Atherina Klunzinger [C. B.] 1879:259 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 22); ref. 18913] King George Sound, Western Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.29726-001 and -002 (slide of jaws and disintegrated remains), NMW 71920 (2), SMNS 12188 [ex 2574c] (4). Type catalog: Fricke 1992:5 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:13 [ref. 29864]. Also appeared in Klunzinger 1880:394 [70 of separate], Pl. 3 (fig. 4) [ref. 2624]. •Synonym of Atherinosoma microstoma (Günther 1861) -- (Pavlov et al. 1988:393 [ref. 12285]). •Valid as Atherina elongata Klunzinger 1879 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:356 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:377 [ref. 22532]). •Valid as Atherinosoma elongata (Klunzinger 1879) -- (Kuiter 1997:54 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Raadik 2008:397 [ref. 30624]). •Valid as Atherinosoma elongatum (Klunzinger 1879). Current status: Valid as Atherinosoma elongatum (Klunzinger 1879). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Distribution: Australia: South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

elymus, Atherion Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1901:203, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 24 (no. 1250); ref. 2524] Misaki, Kanagawa Prefecture, Sagami Sea, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 6528. Paratypes: CAS-SU 6711 (10 or 1), USNM 49812 (6). Types: Shinohara & Williams 2006:553 [ref. 31656]. •Valid as Atherion elymus Jordan & Starks 1901 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:119 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:357 [ref. 12442], Myers 1999:73 [ref. 23965], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2118 [ref. 24783], Nakabo 2000:543 [ref. 25086], Ivantsoff in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:543 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:216, 543 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:615 [ref. 27495], Paxton et al. 2006:704 [ref. 28995], Kimura 2009:47 [ref. 30426], Motomura et al. 2010:80 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:369 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:160 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:37 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:14 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Atherion elymus Jordan & Starks 1901. Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean (Christmas Island) and Western Pacific: Andaman Sea east to Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia and Loyalty Islands. Habitat: marine.

endorae, Pranesella Whitley [G. P.] 1934:241, Fig. [The Victorian Naturalist (Melbourne) v. 50; ref. 4680] Altona, near Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.5908. Paratypes: AMS IA.5904 (3), IA.5909 (4). •Synonym of Atherinosoma microstoma (Günther 1861) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:357 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:379 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:704 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinosoma microstoma (Günther 1861). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

endrachtensis, Atherina Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:334 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Chiens-Marin, á la terre d'Endracht [Shark Bay], Western Australia [apparently erroneous, probably New Guinea or Waigeo Island]. Lectotype: MNHN A-4385. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-4396 (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:705-706 [ref. 21541] with syntypes. See Kimura et al. 2001:171 [ref. 25381] for remarks on type and locality; they suggest New Guinea or Waigeo. Apparently named for the presumed type locality Eendrachtsland or Eendraghtsland [the old Dutch name for Australia], and the name should have been spelled eendrachtensis or eendraghtensis; based on prevailing usage, the name endrachtensis can be used. If syntypes, then they are MNHN A-4385-86 (2). Lectotype selected by Kottelat 2013:286 [ref. 33989]; Not a holotype. •Valid as Pranesus endrachtensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:40 [ref. 25477]). •Valid as Atherinomorus endrachtensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:356 [ref. 12442], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1991:495 [ref. 19162], Allen 1997:64 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:351 [ref. 23967], Myers 1999:73 [ref. 23965], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2123 [ref. 24783], Ivantsoff in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122], Kimura et al. 2001:168 [ref. 25381], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:25 [ref. 27510], Randall 2005:78 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:702 [ref. 28995], Allen & Erdmann 2012:159 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:286 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:59 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:37 [ref. 33932], Sasaki & Kimura 2014:3 [ref. 33189], Fricke et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Atherinomorus endrachtensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines and New Guinea east to Solomon Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

esox, Atherinichthys Klunzinger [C. B.] 1872:34 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 38 (pt. 1); ref. 2623] Port Phillip Bay, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: SMNS 1800 (2, not found, probably lost). Type catalog: Fricke 1992:5 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:14 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Kestratherina esox (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Pavlov et al. 1988:387 [ref. 12285]). •Valid as Atherinason esox (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:355 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Kestratherina esox (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Kuiter 1993:68 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:380 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:711 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2008:399 [ref. 30624]). Current status: Valid as Kestratherina esox (Klunzinger 1872). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia: Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

evermanni, Atherina Eigenmann [C. H.] 1903:228, Fig. 9 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 1217] San Cristobal, Cuba. Holotype: CAS 78949 [ex IU 9657]. Paratypes: (35) AMNH 1236 (3), BMNH 1904.1.28.87-92 (6) from Eigenmann; CAS 78948 [ex IU 9658] (5), 78950 [ex IU 9659] (2), 78951 [ex IU 11516] (3); FMNH 3921-22 (4, 1), 52674 (2); CAS-SU 8569 (orig. 5); UMMZ 64226 [ex CAS-SU 8569] (1); USNM 55697 (1), 126667 [ex USBF 1467] (4); ?NMW 72650 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:65 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:14 [ref. 12367], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:28 [ref. 35195]. •Valid as Alepidomus evermanni (Eigenmann 1903) -- (Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:513 [ref. 27061], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:28 [ref. 35195]). Current status: Valid as Alepidomus evermanni (Eigenmann 1903). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Western Cuba. Habitat: freshwater.

eyresii, Atherinichthys Steindachner [F.] 1883:194 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse v. 20 (no. 22); ref. 20488] Strangeways Springs, Northern Territory, 29°09'S, 136°34'E. Neotype: AMS I.28788-001. Species later described in more detail in Steindachner 1884:1075 [p. 11 of separate] [ref. 4234]. Neotype designated by Crowley & Ivantsoff 1990:95 [ref. 19216] based on locality suggested by Jordan & Hubbs 1919:45 [ref. 2485]. •Valid as Craterocephalus eyresii (Steindachner 1883) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:94 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:358 [ref. 12442], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1990:95 [ref. 19216], Larson & Martin 1990:31 [ref. 16606], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:278 [ref. 20015], Ivantsoff & Crowley in McDowall 1996:126 [ref. 22909], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:131 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129], Larson et al. 2005:84 [ref. 28361], Paxton et al. 2006:706 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:54 [ref. 31135], Hammer et al. 2012:64 [ref. 32389]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus eyresii (Steindachner 1883). Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: South Australia, Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

fistularis, Craterocephalus Crowley [L. E. L. M.], Ivantsoff [W.] & Allen [G. R.] 1995:325, Fig. [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 17 (pt 3); ref. 22579] Lake Kamakawaiar, 3°47'S, 134°14'E, Triton Lakes, Irian Jaya, depth 0.5-1.5 meters. Holotype: MZB 6114. Paratypes: WAM P.30519-002 (1, c&s). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:15 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Craterocephalus fistularis Crowley, Ivantsoff & Allen 1995 -- (Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:50 [ref. 31135]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus fistularis Crowley, Ivantsoff & Allen 1995. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Irian Jaya. Habitat: freshwater.

fluviatilis, Craterocephalus McCulloch [A. R.] 1912:48, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 24; ref. 2938] North Yanko Creek, Narrandera, Junction of Namoi River and Barwon River and McIntyre River, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.12456. Paratypes: AMS I.12457 (5). Two species are included in the type series (see Crowley & Ivantsoff 1990:87 [ref. 19216]). •Synonym of Craterocepahlus stercusmuscarum (Günther 1867) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473]). •Synonym of Craterocephalus eyresii (Steindachner 1883) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:358 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Craterocephalus fluviatilis McCulloch 1912 -- (Crowley & Ivantsoff 1990:98 [ref. 19216], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:279 [ref. 20015], Ivantsoff & Crowley in McDowall 1996:125 [ref. 22909], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:132 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129], Larson et al. 2005:85 [ref. 28361], Paxton et al. 2006:706 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:54 [ref. 31135], Hammer et al. 2012:64 [ref. 32389], Kuiter 2018:26 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus fluviatilis McCulloch 1912. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Southern Australia: Murray-Darling River system in South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales; now restricted to few lakes associated with Murray River. Habitat: freshwater.

forskalii, Atherina Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:132, Pl. 33 (fig. 1) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1898. Rüppell specimens: BMNH 1860.11.9.153-156 (4), SMF 6856-60 (5). Type information: Kimura et al. 2007:149.5 [ref. 29157]. Originally forskålii. Lectotype not established by Dor 1984:67 [ref. 29757]. Lectotype selected by Smith 1965:617. Kimura treats as a holotype. •Synonym of Pranesus pinguis (Lacepède 1803) -- (Kiener & Spillmann 1973:578 [ref. 7217]). •Synonym of Pranesus pinguis (Lacepède 1803), but a valid subspecies -- (Dor 1984:67 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Allanetta forskali (Rüppell 1838) -- (Liang in Kuang et al. 1986:188 [ref. 26639] dated 1835). •Synonym of Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster 1801) -- (Randall et al. 1990:59 [ref. 15987], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1991:487 [ref. 19162], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2125 [ref. 24783], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:58 [ref. 26753], Randall 2005:78 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Atherinomorus forskalii (Rüppell 1838) -- (Kimura et al. 2007:145 [ref. 29157], Kottelat 2013:286 [ref. 32989], Sasaki & Kimura 2014:3 [ref. 33189], DiBattista et al. 2015:19 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[4] 242 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:43 [ref. 36273], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Atherinomorus forskalii (Rüppell 1838). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

freyi, Atherion elymus Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:292, Fig. 45 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Oca Point, Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 134083. Paratypes: FMNH 62000-01 (1, 1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 642 [ex USNM 139865] (5); USNM 123864 (4), 123954 (3), 124100 (8), 124128 (13), 124198 (1), 124250 (2), 124263 (1), 139864 (1), 139865-66 (57, 24). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:14 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Atherion elymus Jordan & Starks 1901 -- (Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2118 [ref. 24783], Myers & Donaldson 2003:615 [ref. 27495]). Current status: Synonym of Atherion elymus Jordan & Starks 1901. Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: marine.

fulvus, Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum Ivantsoff [W.], Crowley [L. E. L. M.] & Allen [G. R.] 1987:172, Fig. 1 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 13 (pt 2); ref. 6229] Wirrabilla Lagoon, Collarenebri, New South Wales, Australia, 29°33'S, 148°35'E. Holotype: AMS I.25480-001. Paratypes: AMS IB.784 (1 or ?). The original descriptin llists 41 specimens (20 of which measured and counted). •Synonym of Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum (Günther 1867), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:277 [ref. 20015], Ivantsoff & Crowley in McDowall 1996:131 [ref. 22909], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:54 [ref. 31135], Hammer et al. 2012:64 [ref. 32389]). •Valid as Craterocephalus fulvus Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen 1987 -- (Paxton et al. 2006:707 [ref. 28995], Kuiter 2018:27 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus fulvus Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen 1987. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Southern Australia: Murray Darling River system of South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales. Habitat: freshwater.

giganteus, Sashatherina Ivantsoff [W.] & Allen [G. R.] 2011:46, Figs. 2-14, 16 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 17 (no. 1); ref. 31135] Lake Lakamora, east of Kaimana, 3°41'S, 134°17'E. West Papua, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 19253. Paratypes: AMS, WAM and MZB. •Valid as Sashatherina gigantea Ivantsoff & Allen 2011. Current status: Valid as Sashatherina gigantea Ivantsoff & Allen 2011. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Lake Lakama, West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

gloveri, Craterocephalus Crowley [L. E. L. M.] & Ivantsoff [W.] 1990:115, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 16643] Kidney Shaped Pool, 0.8 kilometers west northwest of Main Spring, Dalhousie Springs, central Australia. Holotype: AMS I.29325-001. Paratypes: AMNH 58690 (1); AMS I.27757-001 (13), I.27757-002 (2, c&s), I.29325-002 (2); CAS 67418 (10); SAMA F6723 (1), F6724 (12); UMMZ 215188 (10); WAM P.30033-001 (10). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:14 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:15 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Craterocephalus gloveri Crowley & Ivantsoff 1990 -- (Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:278 [ref. 20015], Ivantsoff & Crowley in McDowall 1996:129 [ref. 22909], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:133 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129], Paxton et al. 2006:707 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:54 [ref. 31135], Hammer et al. 2012:64 [ref. 32389]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus gloveri Crowley & Ivantsoff 1990. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: South Australia, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

gobio, Atherina Klunzinger [C. B.] 1884:130, Pl. 11 (figs. 4-4a) [Die Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 2625] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Lectotype: BMNH 1871.7.15.37. Paralectotypes: SMNS 2772 (3, lost). Paralectotypes or additional Klunzinger material: BMNH 1871.7.15.37 (1), SMF 1854 (2), SMNS 2772 (3, lost), ZIN 2604 (2), ZMB 8001 (1), ZMB 10579 (4). Type catalog: Fricke 1992:7 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:14 [ref. 29864]. Replacement name for Atherina cylindrica Klunzinger 1870, preoccupied by Atherina cylindrica Valenciennes 1835. Lectotype selected by Sasaki & Kimura 2014:17 [ref. 33189]. •Synonym of Allanetta afra (Peters 1855) -- (Dor 1984:67 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Hypoatherina temminckii (Bleeker 1854) -- (Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2136 [ref. 24783]). •Valid as Hypoatherina gobio (Klunzinger 1884) -- (Sasaki & Kimura 2014:15 [ref. 33189], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[4] 242 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:44 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Hypoatherina gobio (Klunzinger 1884). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

golanii, Hypoatherina Sasaki [D.] & Kimura [S.] 2012:1 (104), Figs. 1a, 2a, 3 [Ichthyological Research v. 60; ref. 32345] Eilat Israel, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Holotype: FAKU 118085. Paratypes: Many at AMS, FAKU, HUJ, MNHN, SAIAB, SMNS, USNM. •Valid as Hypoatherina golanii Sasaki & Kimura 2012 -- (Sasaki & Kimura 2014:18 [ref. 33189], DiBattista et al. 2015:19 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[4] 242 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:44 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Hypoatherina golanii Sasaki & Kimura 2012. Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic: Gulf of Aqaba. Habitat: marine.

harringtonensis, Atherina Goode [G. B.] 1877:297 [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 3) v. 14 (no. 82) (art. 50); ref. 13360] Bermuda. Syntypes: USNM 21945 [ex Mus. Wesleyan Univ.] (43). •Valid as Hypoatherina harringtonensis (Goode 1877) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:111 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1991:236 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:263 [ref. 23827], Lavenberg & Chernoff in Fischer et al. 1995:900 [ref. 22829], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:884 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:47 [ref. 24221] as harrinotomensis, Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:164 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:153 [ref. 27754], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:513 [ref. 27061], Smith et al. 2003:14 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:99 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:101 [ref. 32708], Sasaki & Kimura 2012:5 [ref. 32345], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:31 [ref. 33341]). •Valid as "Atherina" harringtonensis Goode 1877 -- (Sasaki & Kimura 2014:3 [ref. 33189], Robertson et al. 2016:144 [ref. 34961]). Current status: Valid as Atherina harringtonensis Goode 1877. Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; southeastern Pacific (Colombia). Habitat: marine.

helenae, Craterocephalus Ivantsoff [W.], Crowley [L. E. L. M.] & Allen [G. R.] 1987:177, Fig. 3 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 13 (pt 2); ref. 6229] Downstream from Gibb River Road, Kimberley, Western Australia, 15°41'S, 126°32'E. Holotype: WAM P.25456-003. Paratypes: AMS I.25436-001 (5), I.25449-001 (1); WAM P.25406-009 (2), P.25424-008 (4), P.25456-012 [not P.25456-003] (8), P.25873-010 (8). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:14 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:15 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Craterocephalus helenae Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen 1987 -- (Allen & Leggett 1990:536 [ref. 20887], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:280 [ref. 20015], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:134 [ref. 25930], Larson et al. 2005:84 [ref. 28361], Paxton et al. 2006:707 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:50 [ref. 31135], Morgan et al. 2011:13 [ref. 31262]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus helenae Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen 1987. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

hepsetoides, Atherina Richardson [J.] 1843:178 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 11 (nos 67-8, 71-2); ref. 13395] Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH (apparently lost). •Valid as Atherinason hepsetoides (Richardson 1843) -- (Pavlov et al. 1988:394 [ref. 12285], Paxton et al. 1989:355 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:67 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:376 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:54 [ref. 25488], Paxton et al. 2006:701 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2008:396 [ref. 30624]). Current status: Valid as Atherinason hepsetoides (Richardson 1843). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia: New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Habitat: marine.

hepsetus, Atherina Linnaeus [C.] 1758:315 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.79 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin), NRM 65 (5). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:229-230 [ref. 20707] who suggested a putative lectotype to agree with current literature, Wheeler 1958:236-237 [ref. 13434]. •Valid as Atherina hepsetus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kiener & Spillmann 1973:576 [ref. 7217], Quignard & Pras in Whitehead et al. 1986:1208 [ref. 13677], Maugé 1990:604 [ref. 17126], Kottelat 1997:160 [ref. 22952], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:58 [ref. 26753], Miller 2003:45 [ref. 27342], Fricke et al. 2007:68 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:470 [ref. 29996], Vasil'eva 2007:65 [ref. 30517], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:33 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:192 [ref. 33547], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], de Morais et al. 2016:2116 [ref. 34600], Vasil'eva 2017:795 [ref. 35714], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Atherina hepsetus Linnaeus 1758. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Galicia (Spain) to Morocco including Madeira and Canary Islands; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hepsetus, Atherina Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:69, xiii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype: ZMUC 101. Apparently independent of Atherina hepsetus Linnaeus 1758; if so then objectively invalid. Atherinidae: Atherininae.

honoriae, Atherina Ogilby [J. D.] 1912:42, Pl. 12 (fig. 3) [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 1; ref. 14855] Nerang Creek, Brisbane, 28°12'S, 153°14'E, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: QM I.598. Paratypes: AMS I.12461 (3), ?QM I.600 (7). •Valid as Craterocephalus honoriae (Ogilby 1912) -- (Crowley & Ivantsoff 1988:159 [ref. 12286], Paxton et al. 1989:358 [ref. 12442], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:277 [ref. 20015], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2130 [ref. 24783], Johnson 1999:725 [ref. 25471], Paxton et al. 2006:707 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:53 [ref. 31135]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus honoriae (Ogilby 1912). Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

hyalosoma, Atherina Cocco [A.] 1885 [Naturalista Siciliano [Il Naturalista Siciliano, Giornale di scienze naturali] v. 5; ref. 867] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Tentatively a synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810 -- (Kiener & Spillmann 1973:577 [ref. 7217], Kottelat 1997:159 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810 -- (Miller 2003:47 [ref. 27342], de Morais et al. 2016:2115 [ref. 34600]). Current status: Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

insularum, Atherina Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:170 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50819. Paratypes: AMNH 2328 [not 2302] (1), FMNH 4063 (1), NMW 11884 (2), CAS-SU 8560 (orig. 17) USNM 126902 [ex USBF 1017 = USFC 2741] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:65 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:14 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Atherinomorus insularum (Jordan & Evermann 1903) -- (Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2124 [ref. 24783], Kimura et al. 2001:170 [ref. 25381], Myers & Donaldson 2003:615 [ref. 27495], Mundy 2005:280 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:136 [ref. 30952] as subspecies distince from whitei). Current status: Valid as Atherinomorus insularum (Jordan & Evermann 1903). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: probably Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

interioris, Atherina Zietz [A. H. C.] 1909:264 [Transactions Royal Society of South Australia v. 33; ref. 17708] Not available, no distinguishing features; text states "description to follow", but apparently not published. Specimens found in an overflow of Coward and Strangways springs, central Australia [AMS I.12449] (1). •In the synonymy of Craterocephalus eyresii (Steindachner 1883) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:358 [ref. 12442], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1990:95 [ref. 19216], Paxton et al. 2006:706 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Craterocephalus eyresii (Steindachner 1883). Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae.

japonica, Atherina Bleeker [P.] 1853:40, Pl. (figs. 2, 2a-b) [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 25 (art. 7); ref. 340] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6376 (1 of 3). Apparently objectively invalid, preoccupied by Atherina japonica Houttuyn 1782; Houttuyn's name was suppressed but not for homonymy. •Synonym of Hypoatherina tsurugae (Jordan & Starks 1901) -- (Sasaki & Kimura 2014:29 [ref. 33189]). Current status: Synonym of Hypoatherina tsurugae (Jordan & Starks 1901). Atherinidae: Atherininae.

kailolae, Craterocephalus Ivantsoff [W.], Crowley [L. E. L. M.] & Allen [G. R.] 1987:332, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 109 (pt. 4) (for 1986); ref. 13808] 3 kilometers west of Safia airstrip, in still backwater of Foasi Creek, Papua New Guinea, 9°36'S, 148°37'E. Holotype: AMS 24640-001. Paratypes: AMS I.24640-002 (10), KFRS F.5390.01 (3), UMMZ 213857 (3), WAM P.27783-001 (14, 3 c&s). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:14 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:15 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Craterocephalus kailolae Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen 1987 -- (Allen 1991:103 [ref. 21090], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:279 [ref. 20015], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:50 [ref. 31135], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:50 [ref. 31135]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus kailolae Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen 1987. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

kieneri, Teramulus Smith [J. L. B.] 1965:619, Pl. 101 (fig. E); Fig. 4 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 31; ref. 4135] Coastal swamps near Tamatave, Madagascar. Holotype: MNHN 1960-0243. Paratypes: MNHN 1931-0259 (1), B-2358 [ex MNHN 1960-0243] (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 631 [ex MNHN 1960-0243] (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:716 [ref. 21541], Fricke et al. 2018:102 [ref. 35805]. •Valid as Teramulus kieneri Smith 1965 -- (Maugé 1986:279 [ref. 6218], Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Fricke et al. 2018:102 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Teramulus kieneri Smith 1965. Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

klunzingeri, Allanetta Smith [J. L. B.] 1965:623, Pl. 100 (fig. D), Fig. 6 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 31; ref. 4135] Inhaca Island, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 625. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 628-630 (3, 3, 5). •Synonym of Hypoatherina barnesi Schultz 1953 -- (Ivantsoff 1986:383 [ref. 6292], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2133 [ref. 24783]). •Valid as Hypotherina klunzingeri (Smith 1965) -- (Sasaki & Kimura 2014:18 [ref. 33189]). Current status: Valid as Hypoatherina klunzingeri (Smith 1965). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Mozambique and eastern souch South Africa. Habitat: marine.

lacunosa, Atherina Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:112, xxxi [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] New Caledonia [Balade, Province Nord, northeastern Grande Terre, southwestern Pacific]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-4400. Type catalog: Bauchot 1969:131 [ref. 20807], Blanc & Hureau 1971:706 [ref. 21541]. Described as Atherinam lacunosam Forster manuscript on p. 112 but Latinized on p. xxxi as above. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •Valid as Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster 1801) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:119 [ref. 6441], Quignard & Pras in Whitehead et al. 1986:1210 [ref. 13677], Ivantsoff 1986:382 [ref. 6292], Paxton et al. 1989:356 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:146 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:16 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:59 [ref. 15987], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1991:487 [ref. 19162], Kottelat et al. 1993:92 [ref. 23448], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:278 [ref. 24014], Goren & Dor 1994:16 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:85 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:206 [ref. 27969], Larson & Williams 1997:351 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:127 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:56 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:59 [ref. 25919], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Myers 1999:73 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:111 [ref. 24106], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2125 [ref. 24783], Nakabo 2000:543 [ref. 25086], Ivantsoff in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:344 [ref. 25191], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:97 [ref. 26368], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:157 [ref. 27511], Kimura et al. 2001:170 [ref. 25381], Sakai et al. 2001:89 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:58 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:543 [ref. 26001], Kimura et al. 2002:243 [ref. 26333], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S99 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:615 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:25 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:8 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3317 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:125 [ref. 28072], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:196 [ref. 28107], Randall 2005:78 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:702 [ref. 28995], Kimura et al. 2007:150 [ref. 29157], Fricke et al. 2007:68 [ref. 29533], Fricke et al. 2009:30 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:80 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:369 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:159 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:252 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:62 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:286 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:59 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:37 [ref. 33932], Sasaki & Kimura 2014:3 [ref. 33189] as cf. lacunosis, Fricke et al. 2018:101 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:44 [ref. 36273], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:157 [ref. 36495], Fricke et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:66 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster 1801). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia) and Rapa; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: brackish, marine.

lacustris, Atherina Bonaparte [C. L.] 1836:fasc. 17-18, punt.91, Pl. 118 (fig. 3) [Iconografia della fauna italica; ref. 4892] Lakes Albano, Castel Gandolfo and Nemi, Italy. Syntypes: ANSP 9953-74 (22). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:23 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810 -- (Kiener & Spillmann 1973:576 [ref. 7217], Maugé 1990:604 [ref. 17126], Kottelat 1997:158 [ref. 22952], Miller 2003:47 [ref. 27342], de Morais et al. 2016:2115 [ref. 34600]). Current status: Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lacustris, Craterocephalus Trewavas [E.] 1940:286 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 6 (no. 33) (art. 25); ref. 17250] Lake Kutubu, Papua New Guinea, elevation 3000 feet. Holotype: BMNH 1940.3.11.7-8 (1 of 2). Paratypes: BMNH 1940.3.11.7-8 (1 of 2). •Valid as Craterocephalus lacustris Trewavas 1940 -- (Allen 1991:104 [ref. 21090], Crowley et al. 1991:39 [ref. 16645], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:277 [ref. 20015], Crowley et al. 1995:328 [ref. 22579], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:50 [ref. 31135]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus lacustris Trewavas 1940. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

lagunae, Atherina Trabelsi [M.], Faure [E.], Quignard [J.-P.], Boussaïd [M.], Focant [B.] & Mâamouri [F.] 2002:974 [Comptes Rendus Biologies v.. 325; ref. 27460] Lagoons in western Mediterranean Sea. Not available, no type specimens established (Art. 72.3) -- see Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:83 [ref. 30320]. •Invalid as Atherina lagunae Trabelsi, Faure, Quignard, Boussaïd, Focant & Mâamouri 2002 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:470 [ref. 29996], Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:82 [ref. 30320]). •In the synonymy of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:83 [ref. 30320], Vasil'eva 2017:792 [ref. 35714]). Current status: Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810. Atherinidae: Atherininae.

laisapi, Craterocephalus Larson [H. K.], Ivantsoff [W.] & Crowley [L. E. L. M.] 2005:82, Figs. 1-3 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 28361] Ira Siquero River, Lautem Province, East Timor, 8°27.68'S, 127°09.87'E. Holotype: NTM S.15776-001. Paratypes: NTM S.15776-002 (3, 1 c&s). •Valid as Craterocephalus laisapi Larson, Ivantsoff & Crowley 2005 -- (Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:50 [ref. 31135], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:50 [ref. 31135], Kottelat 2013:287 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus laisapi Larson, Ivantsoff & Crowley 2005. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: East Timor. Habitat: freshwater.

laticeps, Atherina Poey [F.] 1860:265 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Havana, Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 18227-30 (1, 17, 4, 6); Zool. Inst. Lund [ex USNM 4764] (1), USNM 4764 [ex MCZ 18230] (2). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:184 [ref. 22926] wrongly with a holotype and paratypes. •Synonym of Atherinomorus stipes (Müller & Troschel 1848) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:200 [ref. 24550], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:513 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinomorus stipes (Müller & Troschel 1848). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lattarina, Atherina Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:57, Pl. 5 (fig. 3) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Spelled latarina on plate. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:36 [ref. 3595]. Atherinidae: Atherininae.

lentiginosus, Craterocephalus Ivantsoff [W.], Crowley [L. E. L. M.] & Allen [G. R.] 1987:175, Fig. 2 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 13 (pt 2); ref. 6229] Upper Roe River, 70-80 kilometers upstream from the sea, Kimberley, Western Australia, about 15°31'S, 125°38'E. Holotype: WAM P.25029-003. Paratypes: AMS I.24115-001 (4), I.24115-002 (2); WAM P.25028-003 (6), P.25029-007 [ex P.25029-003] (8, 2 c&s). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:14 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:15 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Craterocephalus lentiginosus Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen 1987 -- (Allen & Leggett 1990:536 [ref. 20887], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:278 [ref. 20015], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797] as lentigenosus, Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:135 [ref. 25930], Morgan et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27718], Paxton et al. 2006:707 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:50 [ref. 31135], Morgan et al. 2011:13 [ref. 31262], Pusey et al. 2017:33 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus lentiginosus Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen 1987. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

lincolnensis, Atherinosoma microstoma Whitley [G. P.] 1941:17 [Australian Zoologist v. 10 (pt 1); ref. 4701] Port Lincoln, South Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.662. Paratypes: AMS IB.663 (1), IB.664 (5). •Synonym of Atherinosoma presbyteroides (Richardson 1843) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:357 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Leptatherina presbyteroides (Richardson 1843) -- (Paxton et al. 2006:712 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Leptatherina presbyteroides (Richardson 1843). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: marine.

lineata, Atherina Günther [A.] 1872:398 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 10 (no. 59) (art. 56); ref. 18194] Cebu, Philippines. Lectotype: BMNH 1872.10.18.58. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1858.4.21.186 (1), 1858.4.21.462 (1), 1872.10.18.59 (1). Type information: Kimura et al. 2001:172 [ref. 25381]. Lectotype selected by Kimura et al. 2001:172 [ref. 25381] with 2 paralectotypes regarded as a different species. •Valid as Atherinomorus lineatus (Günther 1872) -- (Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2126 [ref. 24783], Ivantsoff in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:159 [ref. 31980]). •Synonym of Atherinomorous endrachtensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Kimura et al. 2001:168 [ref. 25381], Kottelat 2013:286 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinomorus endrachtensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines and South China Sea (if valid). Habitat: marine.

lopeziana, Atherina Rossignol [M.] & Blache [J.] 1961:291, Fig. 2 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 33 (no. 3); ref. 9375] Point Clairette, northern of Cape Lopez, Gabon. Syntypes: MNHN 1961-0311 (16). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:707 [ref. 21541]. •Valid as Atherina lopeziana Rossignol & Blache 1961 -- (Maugé 1990:605 [ref. 17126], Afonso et al. 1999:83 [ref. 25466], Wirtz et al. 2007:27 [ref. 30263], Wirtz et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32972], de Morais et al. 2016:2117 [ref. 34600]). Current status: Valid as Atherina lopeziana Rossignol & Blache 1961. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

lunata, Hypoatherina Sasaki [D.] & Kimura [S.] 2012:5 (107), Figs. 1bc. 2b, 3 [Ichthyological Research v. 60; ref. 32345] Amitori Bay, Iriomote Island, Okinawa, Japan. Holotype: NSMT-P 102549. Paratypes: Many at AMS, BMNH, CAS, KAUM, FAKU, FRLM, KPM-NI, MNHN, NSPT, RMNH-PISC, URM, USNM. •Valid as Hypoatherina lunata Sasaki & Kimura 2012 -- (Sasaki & Kimura 2014:20 [ref. 33189]). Current status: Valid as Hypoatherina lunata Sasaki & Kimura 2012. Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Southern Japan and Indonesia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

maccullochi, Atherion Jordan [D. S.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1919:30 [Leland Stanford Jr. University Publications, University Series [1919]; ref. 2485] Lord Howe Island, Australia. Holotype: CAS-SU 23188. Paratypes: CAS-SU 23187 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:65-66 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Atherion maccullochi Jordan & Hubbs 1919 -- (Francis 1993:159 [ref. 25479], Paxton et al. 2006:704 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Valid as Atherion maccullochi Jordan & Hubbs 1919. Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.

mackennae, Kohna Blandowski [W.] 1855:132, Pl. 2 (fig. 8) [Transactions of the Philosophical Institute of Victoria v. 2 (art. 15); ref. 34539] Lower Murray River, South Australia, Australia. No types known. Name not available, as p. 132 and Pl. 2 were omitted from distributed journal copies and reprints by order of the Council, of 7 Apr. 1858, therefore not meeting criteria of publication according to ICZN Art. 8.1.1.; publication disclaimed according to ICZN Art. 8.2. See remarks under ref. 34539; see also Iredale & Whitley 1932 [ref. 2299]. •In the synonymy of Craterocephalus fulvus Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen 1987. Current status: Synonym of Craterocephalus fulvus Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen 1987. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae.

macrophthalma, Hypoatherina Sasaki [D.] & Kimura [S.] 2012:351, Fig. 1-2 [Ichthyological Research v. 59 (no. 4); ref. 32279] Nuguria lagoon, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: URM-P 46882 (removed from URM-P 23004). Paratypes: CAS 44817 (1), 233978 (9), 233979 (1), 233981 (5); URM-P 46883-46898 (16). •Valid as Hypoatherina macrophthalma Sasaki & Kimura 2012 -- (Sasaki & Kimura 2012:5, 7 [ref. 32345]). Current status: Valid as Hypoatherina macrophthalma Sasaki & Kimura 2012. Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Vietnam, Thailand, Papua New Guinea and Micronesia. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Atherinichthys Macleay [W.] 1883:207 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 14342] Lillesmere Lagoon, Burdekin River, Queensland, Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum (Günther 1867) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:358 [ref. 12442], Crowley et al. 1991:46 [ref. 16645], Paxton et al. 2006:709 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum (Günther 1867). Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Habitat: freshwater.

maculatus, Pranesus Taylor [W. R.] 1964:140, Pl. 26 [Fishes of Arnhem Land v. 4; ref. 3498] Coral reef at Yirrkala, station M48-21, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.5238. Paratypes: AMS I.15653-001 (10), IB.7309 (10); USNM 174245-50 (10, 4, 88, 7, 7, 4). + Current status: Synonym of Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster 1801). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

marianae, Craterocephalus Ivantsoff [W.], Crowley [L. E. L. M.] & Allen [G. R.] 1987:179, Fig. 4 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 13 (pt 2); ref. 6229] Jabiru, Magela Creek, Northern Territory, Australia, 12°41'S, 132°55'E. Holotype: AMS I.18523-001 (1). Paratypes: AMS I.16859-027 (116), I.18523-002 (7), I.18541-001 (11); BMNH 1983.12.8.1-5 (5); CAS 53748 (5); UMMZ 212147 (5); WAM P.28195-001 (10). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:14 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:15 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Craterocephalus marianae Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen 1987 -- (Larson & Martin 1990:34 [ref. 16606], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:136 [ref. 25930], Larson et al. 2005:84 [ref. 28361], Paxton et al. 2006:708 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:54 [ref. 31135], Larson et al. 2013:63 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus marianae Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen 1987. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Northern Territory, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

marjoriae, Craterocephalus Whitley [G. P.] 1948:85, Fig. 7 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 1); ref. 4710] Eidsvold, Burnett River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.12770 (1 of 9). Paratypes: AMS I.12770 (8), QM I.10770 [ex AMS I.12270] (1). •Valid as Craterocephalus marjoriae Whitley 1948 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:358 [ref. 12442], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:282 [ref. 20015], Ivantsoff & Crowley in McDowall 1996:127 [ref. 22909], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:137 [ref. 25930], Larson et al. 2005:84 [ref. 28361], Paxton et al. 2006:708 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:50 [ref. 31135]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus marjoriae Whitley 1948. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Northern New South Wales and southern Queensland, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

melanostigma, Atherina Day [F.] 1876:345 [The fishes of India Part 2; ref. 1081] Madras, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.8357 (1, syntype) Madras, ZSI 2031 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:158 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:299 [ref. 25110]. Atherinidae: Atherininae.

microstoma, Atherina Günther [A.] 1861:401 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1845.8.5.46 (3). Whitley 1943:133 [ref. 4702] figured a lectotype but without sufficient information to determine the specimen. •Valid as Atherinosoma microstoma (Günther 1861) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:91 [ref. 25473], Pavlov et al. 1988:393 [ref. 12285], Paxton et al. 1989:356 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:67 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:378 [ref. 22532], Ivantsoff & Crowley in McDowall 1996:132 [ref. 22909], Kuiter 1997:54 [ref. 25488], Allen et al. 2002:141 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129], Paxton et al. 2006:704 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2008:397 [ref. 30624], Hammer et al. 2012:64 [ref. 32389], Kuiter 2018:25 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Valid as Atherinosoma microstoma (Günther 1861). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Distribution: Southeastern and southern Australia: New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mineri, Hepsetia pinguis Nichols [J. T.] & Roemhild [J.] 1951:57, Fig. 1 [Marine Life, Occasional Paper 1 (no. 9); ref. 12907] Pago Pago, American Samoa. Holotype (unique): AMNH 19519. •Synonym of Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster 1801) -- (Kimura et al. 2007:150 [ref. 29157], Kottelat 2013:286 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster 1801). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mochon, Atherina Cuvier [G.] 1829:235 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Ivaça. Lectotype: MNHN A-4355. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2631 (3), A-4353 (3). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:707-708 [ref. 21541]. Also appeared in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:434, Pl. 304 [ref. 1004]. Lectotype selected by Blanc & Hureau 1971:707 [ref. 21541]. •Valid as Atherina mochon Cuvier 1829 -- (Berg 1949:1001 [ref. 20662], Miller 2003:45 [ref. 27342] in subgenus Hepsetia, Vasil'eva 2017:799 [ref. 35714]). •Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810 -- (Kiener & Spillmann 1973:576 [ref. 7217], Maugé 1986:277 [ref. 6218], Maugé 1990:604 [ref. 17126], Vasil'eva 1994: 618 [ref. 32016], Vasil'eva 1996: 203 [ref. 32017], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:746 [ref. 24702], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:57 [ref. 26753], Miller 2003:47 [ref. 27342] but as valid on p. 45, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:470 [ref. 29996], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:33 [ref. 36649], de Morais et al. 2016:2115 [ref. 34600]). Current status: Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

modesta, Atherinichthys Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:136 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Hobson's Bay and lower Yarra River, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN A-4368 (1) (esox), A-4731 (2) (microstoma). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:713-714 [ref. 21541]. •Specimen MNHN A-4368 is a synonym of Atherinason esox (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:355 [ref. 12442]) and MNHN A.4731 (2) is a synonym of Atherinosoma microstoma (Günther 1861) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:356 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Atherinosoma microstoma (Günther 1861) -- (Paxton et al. 2006:704 [ref. 28995]). •Specimen A-4368 is a synonym of Kestratherina esox (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Paxton et al. 2006:711 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinosoma microstoma (Günther 1861). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

morrisi, Atherina Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1906:697, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 30 (no. 1462); ref. 10666] Miyanoura, Yakushima, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 9359 [as 9354]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:65 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster 1801) -- (Ivantsoff & Crowley 1991:487 [ref. 19162], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2125 [ref. 24783], Kimura et al. 2007:150 [ref. 29157], Kottelat 2013:286 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster 1801). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mugiloides, Atherina McCulloch [A. R.] 1912:47, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 24; ref. 2938] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: QM I.142 (1 of 6). Paratypes: AMS I.357 (2). Replacement name for Atherinichthys punctatus De Vis 1885, secondarily preoccupied by Atherina punctatus Bennett 1833 when both are placed in Atherina. •Valid as Atherina mugiloides McCulloch 1912 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:355 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Allanetta mugiloides (McCulloch 1912) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:40 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:64 [ref. 23977]). •Valid as Craterocephalus mugiloides (McCulloch 1912) -- (Crowley & Ivantsoff 1988:158 [ref. 12286], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:276 [ref. 20015], Larson & Williams 1997:351 [ref. 23967], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2131 [ref. 24783], Johnson 1999:725 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:708 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:54 [ref. 31135], Larson et al. 2013:63 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus mugiloides (McCulloch 1912). Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

munroi, Craterocephalus Crowley [L. E. L. M.] & Ivantsoff [W.] 1988:156, Fig. 1 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 14 (pt 2); ref. 12286] Bynoe River, Queensland, Australia, depth to 1.5 meters. Holotype: AMS I.27329-001. Paratypes: AMS I.27330-001 (14), I.27331-001 (2); BMNH 1988.3.10.6-10 [not 1-5] (5); QM I.25026 (10); ?UMMZ 214553 (5); USNM 293955 (5); WAM P.29673-001 (5). Plus non-type specimens. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:14 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:15 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Craterocephalus munroi Crowley & Ivantsoff 1988 -- (Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:278 [ref. 20015], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2132 [ref. 24783], Larson et al. 2005:84 [ref. 28361], Larson et al. 2005:84 [ref. 28361], Paxton et al. 2006:708 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:50 [ref. 31135]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus munroi Crowley & Ivantsoff 1988. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Queensland, Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nesogallica, Atherina Cuvier [G.] (ex Commerson) 1829:235 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] No locality (Reunion). Available from footnote as, "A. neso-gallica, N., Lacép., V, pl. xi, f. 1. Ce n'est pas le même que l'A. pinguis du texte." Based on the 'Athérine grasdeau' of Lacepède (ex Commerson) 1803:Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [ref. 4930]. Species name misspelled neso-galica by Cuvier 1831:173 [ref. 30376]. •Valid as Atherinomorus nesogallicus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:286 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Atherinomorus pinguis (Lacepède 1803). Current status: Synonym of Atherinomorus pinguis (Lacepède 1803). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nouhuysi, Atherinichthys Weber [M.] 1910:229 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 32 (pt. 4) (art. 28); ref. 14597] Bibis River, western New Guinea. Lectotype: ZMA 103175. Paralectotypes: AMNH 9577 [ex ZMA 103176] (1); AMS I.17319-001 [ex ZMA 103176] (?2, 1 c&s); FMNH 52500 [ex CM 758] (2); ZMA 103176 (orig. 12, now 10), 103177-81 (1, 8, 1, 1, 9). Type catalog: Hoedeman 1960:212 [ref. 19258], Nijssen et al. 1982:72 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:14 [ref. 12367]. Lectotype technically was not established by Hoedeman 1960:212 [ref. 19258] by recognizing a holotype (specimen figured in Weber 1913, fig, 26 [ref. 4603]) when there were other syntypes. •Valid as Craterocephalus nouhuysi (Weber 1910) -- (Allen 1991:104 [ref. 21090], Crowley et al. 1991:42 [ref. 16645], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:275 [ref. 20015], Crowley et al. 1995:325 [ref. 22579], Allen et al. 2000:70 [ref. 27467], Allen et al. 2008:85 [ref. 30265], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:50 [ref. 31135]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus nouhuysi (Weber 1910). Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

nunnata, Atherina Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:58 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:36 [ref. 3595]. Atherinidae: Atherininae.

obscurus, Atherinichthys Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:31 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Swan River, Western Australia. Syntypes: MNHN A-4372 (2). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:714 [ref. 21541]. •Synonym of Atherinosoma presbyteroides (Richardson 1843) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:357 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Leptatherina presbyteroides (Richardson 1843) -- (Paxton et al. 2006:712 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Leptatherina presbyteroides (Richardson 1843). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: marine.

ogilbyi, Pranesus Whitley [G. P.] 1930:9 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 10 (pt 1); ref. 4671] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: QM I.769 (2). On Atherina pinguis of Ogilby, not Lacepède. Specimen figured in Ogilby 1912:37-38, Pl. 12 (fig. 1) and Fig. A [ref. 14855]. •Valid as Pranesus ogilbyi Whitley 1930 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:40 [ref. 25477]). •Valid as Atherinomorus ogilbyi (Whitley 1930) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:356 [ref. 12442], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1991:498 [ref. 19162], Kuiter 1993:68 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:64 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:56 [ref. 25488], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2127 [ref. 24783], Johnson 1999:725 [ref. 25471], Kimura et al. 2001:170 [ref. 25381], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847]). •Synonym of Atherinomorus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Kimura et al. 2001:380 [ref. 25784], Paxton et al. 2006:703 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinomorus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: marine.

ovalaua, Atherina Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:401 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Ovalau Island, Fiji Islands. Holotype: FMNH 17272. Paratypes (20) and non-types (40): FMNH 17273-306 (31 in 6 lots); CAS-SU 24426 (24), 24429 (11); USNM 117318-19 (1, 1), 142910-11 (1, 5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:65 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:14 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Hypoatherina ovalaua (Herre 1935) -- (Myers 1999:73 [ref. 23965], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2135 [ref. 24783], Ivantsoff in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Myers & Donaldson 2003:615 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:8 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:78 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2011:370 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:161 [ref. 31980], Sasaki & Kimura 2012:5, 7 [ref. 32345]). Current status: Valid as Hypoatherina ovalaua (Herre 1935). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea east to Fiji. Habitat: marine.

panatela, Atherina Jordan [D. S.] & Richardson [R. E.] 1908:243, Fig. 6 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 27(Doc. 640) (for 1907); ref. 2492] Calayan Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 20203. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:65 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Stenatherina panatela (Jordan & Richardson 1908) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:360 [ref. 12442], Myers 1999:73 [ref. 23965], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2139 [ref. 24783], Ivantsoff in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830] as panatella, Randall 2005:79 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:713 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2011:370 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:162 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:64 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:37 [ref. 33932]). •Valid as Hypoatherina panatela (Jordan & Richardson 1908) -- (Sasaki & Kimura 2014:20 [ref. 33189]). Current status: Valid as Hypoatherina panatela (Jordan & Richardson 1908). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Western and Central Pacific: Indonesia east to Fiji and Marshall Islands, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

parvipinnis, Atherina Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:446 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: MNHN A-0961 (3), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 268 [ex MNHN -0961] (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:708 [ref. 21541]. •Synonym of Atherina breviceps Valenciennes 1835 -- (Ivantsoff 1986:382 [ref. 6292]). Current status: Synonym of Atherina breviceps Valenciennes 1835. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pauciradiata, Atherina Günther [A.] 1861:401 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Northwestern coast of Australia. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1858.9.19.1513 (1). •Valid as Craterocephalus pauciradiatus (Günther 1861) -- (Crowley & Ivantsoff 1988:162 [ref. 12286], Allen & Swainston 1988:40 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:358 [ref. 12442], Allen 1997:64 [ref. 23977], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:709 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:54 [ref. 31135]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus pauciradiatus (Günther 1861). Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: brackish.

pectoralis, Atherina Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:447 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean; Endracht's Land. Lectotype: MNHN A-4305. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-8103 (4), A-0962 (2), A-4304 (5), A-4305 (4), A-4388 (2), A-4389 (3), A-4390 (2), A-4392 (1), A-4395 (4), A-4398 (4), A-4399 (5), 2006-0812 [ex MNHN A-4305] (4). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:708-710 [ref. 21541]. Type information: Kimura et al. 2007 [ref. 29157] with reidentification of some paralectotypes. Lectotype selected by Kimura et al. 2007:155, 158 [ref. 29157]. •Synonym of Pranesus pinguis (Lacepède 1803) -- (Kiener & Spillmann 1973:578 [ref. 7217], Dor 1984:67 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster 1801) -- (Ivantsoff & Crowley 1991:487 [ref. 19162], Fricke 1999:111 [ref. 24106]). •Synonym of Atherinomorus pinguis (Lacepède 1803) -- (Kimura et al. 2007:155 [ref. 29157]). •Synonym of Atherinomorus nesogalicus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:287 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinomorus nesogalicus (Cuvier 1829). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pellucida, Atherina Commerson [P.] in Lacepède 1803:373 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Appeared as "atherina pellucida, ore denticulato, etc." in the account of Atherina pinguis. Regarded as non-binominal and not available. See ICZN Opinion 89. Atherinidae: Atherininae.

picta, Atherinichthys Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:137 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Captain Sinnot's Dock, Lower Yarra River, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN (lost). •Synonym of Atherinason esox (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:355 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Kestratherina esox (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Paxton et al. 2006:711 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Kestratherina esox (Klunzinger 1872). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pierucciae, Bleheratherina Aarn [no initials] & Ivantsoff [W.] 2009:16, Figs. 4-9, 11-14 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 15 (no. 1); ref. 30025] Tontouta River, New Caledonia, about 12 kilometers inland in freshwater. Holotype: AMS I.44680-001. Paratypes: AMS I.44680-002 (4), I.44680-003 (1, c&s); MNHN 1996-0442 (5) and 1996-0442 (1, c&s) •Valid as Bleheratherina pierucciae Aarn & Ivantsoff 2009 -- (Fricke et al. 2011:370 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Bleheratherina pierucciae Aarn & Ivantsoff 2009. Atherinidae: Bleheratherininae. Distribution: Tontouta River, New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pimatuae, Craterocephalus Crowley [L. E. L. M.], Ivantsoff [W.] & Allen [G. R.] 1991:35, Fig. 1 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 15 (pt 1); ref. 16645] Junction of Pima and Tua rivers, Papua New Guinea, 6°25'S, 144°49.5'E. Holotype: WAM P.26971-005 [not P.26971-004]. Paratypes: WAM P.26971-004 (4, 1 c&s). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:15 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:15 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Craterocephalus pimatuae Crowley, Ivantsoff & Allen 1991 -- (Allen 1991:104 [ref. 21090], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:275 [ref. 20015], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:50 [ref. 31135]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus pimatuae Crowley, Ivantsoff & Allen 1991. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

pinguis, Atherina Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1803:371, 373, Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Neotype: SAIAB 5682 (not 20821). Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:112 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]; Kottelat disagrees. Type designated by Kimura et al. 2007:155 [ref. 29157]. •Valid as Pranesus pinguis (Lacepède 1803) -- (Kiener & Spillmann 1973:578 [ref. 7217], Dor 1984:67 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster 1801) -- (Ivantsoff 1986:382 [ref. 6292], Paxton et al. 1989:356 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:59 [ref. 15987], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1991:487 [ref. 19162], Fricke 1999:111 [ref. 24106], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2125 [ref. 24783], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:58 [ref. 26753], Randall 2005:78 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:702 [ref. 28995], Kottelat 2013:286 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Atherinomorus pinguis (Lacepède 1803) -- (Kimura et al. 2007:155 [ref. 29157], Kimura 2009:47 [ref. 30426], Kottelat 2013:287 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:59 [ref. 34464], Sasaki & Kimura 2014:3 [ref. 33189] as cf. pinguis, Fricke et al. 2018:101 [ref. 35805], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:70 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Atherinomorus pinguis (Lacepède 1803). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South and East Africa and Madagascar east to Indonesia, north to northern Vietnam, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

pontica, Atherina presbyter var. Eichwald [C. E. von] 1831:72 [Zoologia specialis quam expositis animalibus tum vivis Pars posterior [3]; ref. 5562] Lake Sasyk, Odessa Oblast, Kiliya district, Black Sea, Ukraine, 45°32'N. 29°39'E. Neotype: ZMMU P-22136. Also appeared as new in Eichward 1838:101 [ref. 34622], as Atherina pontica. Neotype designated by Vasil'eva 2017:800 [ref. 35714]. •Synonym of Atherina mochon Cuvier 1829, but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1949:1001 [ref. 20662], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:169 [ref. 31251]). •Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810, but a valid subspecies pontica -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:746 [ref. 24702], Sokolov 1998:108 [ref. 23571], Parin et al. 2014:192 [ref. 33547], de Morais et al. 2016:2115 [ref. 34600]). •Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810 -- (Kiener & Spillmann 1973:576 [ref. 7217], Vasil'eva 1994: 618 [ref. 32016], Vasil'eva 1996: 203 [ref. 32017], Kottelat 1997:158 [ref. 22952], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:57 [ref. 26753], Miller 2003:47 [ref. 27342], Vasil'eva 2017:800 [ref. 35714]). Current status: Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

presbyter, Atherina Cuvier [G.] 1829:235 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Atlantic coasts of France. Lectotype: MNHN A-4337. Paralectotypes or non-types: MNHN A-4345 (4), A-4348 (2), A-4349 (4). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:710 [ref. 21541]. Based on, "Duham. sect. VI, pl. iv, f. 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 et 7." Also in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:439, Pl. 305 [ref. 1004]. Lectotype selected by Blanc & Hureau 1971:710 [ref. 21541]. •Valid as Atherina presbyter Cuvier 1829 -- (Kiener & Spillmann 1973:577 [ref. 7217], Quignard & Pras in Whitehead et al. 1986:1209 [ref. 13677], Maugé 1990:605 [ref. 17126], Santos et al. 1997:66 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:114 [ref. 24952], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:175 [ref. 26753], Miller 2003:45 [ref. 27342] in subgenus Hepsetia, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:470 [ref. 29996], Wirtz et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32972] as doubtful record, de Morais et al. 2016:2118 [ref. 34600], Vasil'eva 2017:795 [ref. 35714], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Atherina presbyter Cuvier 1829. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Distribution: Western Mediterranean Sea (rare), eastern Atlantic: North Sea and Mauritania, including Madeira. Habitat: brackish, marine.

presbyteroides, Atherina Richardson [J.] 1843:179 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 11 (nos 67-8, 71-2); ref. 13395] Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: (3) BMNH (apparently lost). •Valid as Atherinosoma presbyteroides (Richardson 1843) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:357 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Leptatherina presbyteroides (Richardson 1843) -- (Pavlov et al. 1988:394 [ref. 12285], Kuiter 1993:67 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:381 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:712 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2008:400 [ref. 30624], Hoschke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Leptatherina presbyteroides (Richardson 1843). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, Tasmania and New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: brackish, marine.

punctata, Atherina Bennett [E. T.] 1833:184 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1832 (pt 2); ref. 16787] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:113 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Not the same as Atherina punctata Trabelsi, Faure, Quignard, Boussaïd, Focant & Mâamouri 2002. •Synonym of Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster 1801) -- (Ivantsoff & Crowley 1991:487 [ref. 19162], Fricke 1999:111 [ref. 24106], Kottelat 2013:286 [ref. 32989] with question). •Nomen dubium in Atherinomorus -- (Kimura et al. 2007:155 [ref. 29157]). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: marine.

punctata, Atherina Trabelsi [M.], Faure [E.], Quignard [J.-P.], Boussaïd [M.], Focant [B.] & Mâamouri [F.] 2002:973 [Comptes Rendus Biologies v.. 325; ref. 27460] Mediterranean Sea. Not available, no type specimens designated (Art. 72.3). Also preoccupied by Atherina punctata Bennett 1833. Later replaced by the also unavailable name Atherina punctuata. •Not available -- (Vasil'eva 2017:792 [ref. 35714]). Current status: Unknown. Atherinidae: Atherininae.

punctatus, Atherinichthys De Vis [C. W.] 1885:869 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 4); ref. 1091] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: QM I.142 (1 of 6). Paratypes: AMS I.357 (2). Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied when placed in Atherina by Atherina punctatus Bennett 1832, replaced by Atherina mugiloides McCulloch 1912. •Synonym of Allanetta mugiloides (McCulloch 1912) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:355 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Craterocephalus mugiloides (McCulloch 1912) -- (Crowley & Ivantsoff 1988:158 [ref. 12286], Larson & Williams 1997:351 [ref. 23967], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2131 [ref. 24783], Paxton et al. 2006:708 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Craterocephalus mugiloides (McCulloch 1912). Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

randi, Craterocephalus Nichols [J. T.] & Raven [H. C.] 1934:3, Fig. 3 [American Museum Novitates No. 755; ref. 16442] Kubuna, Kubuna River, not far northwest of Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, elevation 100 meters. Holotype: AMNH 12477. Paratypes: AMNH 12525 (4). •Valid as Craterocephalus randi Nichols & Raven 1934 -- (Roberts 1978:50 [ref. 8886], Allen 1991:104 [ref. 21090], Crowley et al. 1991:44 [ref. 16645], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:278 [ref. 20015], Allen et al. 2000:71 [ref. 27467], Allen et al. 2008:86 [ref. 30265]). •Synonym of Craterocephalus stercumuscarum (Günther 1867), but a valid subspecies randi -- (Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:50 [ref. 31135]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus randi Nichols & Raven 1934. Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Central-southern New Guinea: Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

regina, Atherina Seale [A.] 1910:496, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Culion Island, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 2082 (apparently destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP 2083 (2) Original spelling was regina -- derivation of name apparently not given so regina should be used. •Valid as Atherinomorus regina (Seale 1910) -- (Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2128 [ref. 24783], Ivantsoff in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122], Kimura et al. 2001:170 [ref. 25381], Kimura et al. 2002:243 [ref. 26333], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:25 [ref. 27510], Allen & Erdmann 2012:160 [ref. 31980], Yoshida et al. 2013:59 [ref. 34464], Sasaki & Kimura 2014:3 [ref. 33189]). Current status: Valid as Atherinomorus regina (Seale 1910). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

riqueti, Atherina Roule [L.] 1902:262, Figs. 1-4 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 25 (no. 667); ref. 14890] Canal du Midi, France. Syntypes: (2) MNHN. Additional material: MNHN 1908-0088 (5) 1908-0089 (5); USNM 57836 (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:711 [ref. 21541]. •Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810 -- (Kiener & Spillmann 1973:577 [ref. 7217], Kottelat 1997:159 [ref. 22952], Miller 2003:47 [ref. 27342], de Morais et al. 2016:2115 [ref. 34600]). Current status: Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

risso, Atherina Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:435 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: (2) MNHN A-4350 (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:711 [ref. 21541] with a holotype, but a skeleton was also involved. Atherina rissoi Günther 1861 is an unjustified emendation, but used by some later authors. •Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810 -- (Kiener & Spillmann 1973:576 [ref. 7217], Kottelat 1997:158 [ref. 22952], Miller 2003:47 [ref. 27342], de Morais et al. 2016:2115 [ref. 34600]). Current status: Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rissoi, Atherina Günther [A.] 1861:392 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Incorrect subsequent spelling or unjustified emendation of Atherina risso Valenciennes 1835. Atherinidae: Atherininae.

rockinghamensis, Atherinosoma Whitley [G. P.] 1943:132 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 68 (pts 3-4) (nos. 307-308); ref. 4702] Land-locked lagoon at Rockingham, Western Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.7710. Paratypes: AMS IA.7706-09 (1, 1, 1, 2). •Synonym of Atherinosoma elongata (Klunzinger 1879) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:356 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:377 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:703 [ref. 28995]). •Synonym of Atherinosoma elongatum (Klunzinger 1879). Current status: Synonym of Atherinosoma elongatum (Klunzinger 1879). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ruppelli, Pranesus pinguis Smith [J. L. B.] 1965:617, Pl. 99 (Fog. b) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 31; ref. 4135] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype: SMF 6856. Paratypes: BMNH 1860.11.9.153 (1), SMF 6859 (1). Based on Atherina forskalii of Klunzinger 1884:130, Pl. 11 (fig. 3) (not of Rüppell 1838). Specific name ruppelli is correct, Kullander 2016:96 [ref. 34436]. •Synonym of Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster 1801) -- (Kimura et al. 2007:150 [ref. 29157], Kottelat 2013:286 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster 1801). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sarda, Atherina Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:435 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Salt marshes of Sardinia, Italy. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-4354. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:711 [ref. 21541]. •Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810 -- (Kiener & Spillmann 1973:576 [ref. 7217], Kottelat 1997:158 [ref. 22952], Miller 2003:47 [ref. 27342], de Morais et al. 2016:2115 [ref. 34600]). Current status: Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sardinella, Atherina Fowler [H. W.] 1903:729, Pl. 41 (upper fig.) [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 55; ref. 1362] Italy. Holotype: ANSP 15397. Paratypes: (29) ANSP 15398-428 (31). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:24 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810 -- (Kiener & Spillmann 1973:577 [ref. 7217], Maugé 1990:604 [ref. 17126], Miller 2003:47 [ref. 27342], de Morais et al. 2016:2115 [ref. 34600]). Current status: Synonym of Atherina boyeri Risso 1810. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

senegalensis, Atherina Cadenat [J.] & Delais [M.] 1962:2, Figs. 1-4 [ ref. 35068] Collected between algae near the beach of Joal, about 50 miles south of Dakar, Senegal. Syntypes: 20 specimens, whereabouts unknown. A missed species, brought to our attention by Libert Francois, Jan. 20, 201. This reference apparently was not published in "Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire (Sér A) Sciences Naturelles" as with other publications. Appeared as "Publications des scientijiques d'IRD." Figures not included. •Status uncertain; possibly a synonym of Atherina presbyter Cuvier 1829. Atherinidae: Atherininae. Distribution: Senegal. Habitat: marine.

stercusmuscarum, Atherina Günther [A.] 1867:64 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 20 (no. 115); ref. 1988] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1867.5.6.61-62 (2). Originally as stercus muscarum. •Valid as Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum (Günther 1867) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:92 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:358 [ref. 12442], Larson & Martin 1990:35 [ref. 16606], Crowley et al. 1991:46 [ref. 16645], Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:278 [ref. 20015], Crowley et al. 1995:328 [ref. 22579], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:138 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:87 [ref. 28129], Paxton et al. 2006:709 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:54 [ref. 31135] with subspecies, Hammer et al. 2012:64 [ref. 32389] with subspecies, Larson et al. 2013:63 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:33 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum (Günther 1867). Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

stipes, Atherina Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] in Schomburgk 1848:671 [16] [The history of Barbados; comprising a geographical description of the island and an account of its geology and natural productions.; ref. 17812] Barbados, West Indies. Syntypes: ZMB 1889 (3). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:177 [ref. 19981]. Genus misspelled Acherina. Appeared first as above; reprinted in Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 1848:16. •Valid as Atherinomorus stipes (Müller & Troschel 1848) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:112 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1991:233 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:262 [ref. 23827], Lavenberg & Chernoff in Fischer et al. 1995:898 [ref. 22829], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:883 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:47 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:200 [ref. 24550], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:153 [ref. 27754], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:513 [ref. 27061], Menezes et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:66 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:14 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:99 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:101 [ref. 32708], Sasaki & Kimura 2014:3 [ref. 33189], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:31 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:144 [ref. 34961]). Current status: Valid as Atherinomorus stipes (Müller & Troschel 1848). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic [doubtfully e. Pacific]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

stramineus, Quiris Whitley [G. P.] 1950:239, Fig. 3 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 3); ref. 4712] Katherine River, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.2149 (largest specimen). Paratypes: AMS I.27303-001 (3), IB.2150 (1); GNHNA ? (3). •Valid as Quirichthys stramineus (Whitley 1950) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:359 [ref. 12442], Allen & Leggett 1990:536 [ref. 20887], Larson & Martin 1990:36 [ref. 16606]). •Valid as Craterocephalus stramineus (Whitley 1950) -- (Crowley & Ivantsoff 1992:283 [ref. 20015], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:139 [ref. 25930], Paxton et al. 2006:709 [ref. 28995], Ivantsoff & Allen 2011:54 [ref. 31135], Morgan et al. 2011:13 [ref. 31262], Larson et al. 2013:64 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Craterocephalus stramineus (Whitley 1950). Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

swampina, Atherina Bosc [L. A. G.] in Lacepède 1803:379 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Appeared as "Atherina swampina, pinnani radis duodecim ..." in the account of Hydrargira swampina. Regarded as non-binominal and not available. Atherinidae: Atherininae.

taeniata, Atherina Agassiz [L.] 1831:135, Pl. 33 (fig. 2) [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Atlantic off Brazil. Atherinidae: Atherininae.

tamarensis, Atherina Johnston [R. M.] 1883:122 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1882; ref. 18337] Launceston Bar, Tamar River, Tasmania, Australia. BMNH 1880.6.16.26. Misspelled as tasmaniensis by Macleay 1884 -- (McCulloch 1929-30:108 [ref. 2948]). •Synonym of Atherinosoma presbyteroides (Richardson 1843) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:357 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Leptatherina presbyteroides (Richardson 1843) -- (Paxton et al. 2006:712 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Leptatherina presbyteroides (Richardson 1843). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: marine.

temminckii, Atherina Bleeker [P.] 1854:506 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5965] Priaman, Sumatra; Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Neotype: RMNH.PISC 37876 (out of 6372). Syntypes and/or Bleeker specimens: (18) RMNH.PISC. 27921 (1), 6372 (2 of 11); MNHN 0000-0552 (2) Jakarta; USNM 143715 (3). Neotype designated by Sasaki & Kimura 2014:24 [ref. 33189], •Valid as Hypoatherina temminckii (Bleeker 1854) -- (Ivantsoff 1986:383 [ref. 6292], Allen & Swainston 1988:40 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:359 [ref. 12442], Goren & Dor 1994:17 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:85 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:64 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:127 [ref. 23922] as temmincki, Myers 1999:73 [ref. 23965], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2136 [ref. 24783], Ivantsoff in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:96 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:97 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830] as temmincki, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S99 [ref. 27377], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:25 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:8 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:79 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:710 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2011:370 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:161 [ref. 31980], Sasaki & Kimura 2012:5, 7 [ref. 32345], Larson et al. 2013:64 [ref. 32988] dated 1853, Sasaki & Kimura 2014:24 [ref. 33189], Motomura et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:102 [ref. 35805], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:70 [ref. 36460], Fricke et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Hypoatherina temminckii (Bleeker 1854). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Tuamotu Archipelago, north to Vietnam and southern China, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

togar, Atherina Montrouzier [X.] 1857:461 [183] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 183 of separate. Atherinidae: Atherininae.

tropicalis, Atherinosoma (Taeniomembras) Whitley [G. P.] 1948:87 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 1); ref. 4710] Whitsunday Passage, near Bowen, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.1553. •Valid as Hypoatherina tropicalis (Whitley 1948) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:359 [ref. 12442], Francis 1993:159 [ref. 25479], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2137 [ref. 24783], Johnson 1999:725 [ref. 25471], Paxton et al. 2006:710 [ref. 28995], Allen & Erdmann 2012:161 [ref. 31980], Sakaki & Kimura 2012:7 [ref. 32345], Larson et al. 2013:64 [ref. 32988], Sasaki & Kimura 2014:27 [ref. 33189]). Current status: Valid as Hypoatherina tropicalis (Whitley 1948). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Papua New Guinea, Australia and Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.

tsurugae, Atherina Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1901:202, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 24 (no. 1250); ref. 2524] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 6530. Paratypes: (many) CAS-SU 6710 (5), USNM 49816 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:65 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Hypoatherina tsurugae (Jordan & Starks 1901) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:119 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:544 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:544 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:216, 543 [ref. 26218], Sasaki & Kimura 2012:5, 7 [ref. 32345], Sasaki & Kimura 2014:29 [ref. 33189]). Current status: Valid as Hypoatherina tsurugae (Jordan & Starks 1901). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Japan and Korea. Habitat: marine.

uisila, Atherina Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:216, Fig. 23 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51726. Paratypes: AMS I.7386 (2); CAS-SU 8677 (6 of 15); USNM 126300 (18 of 20), and 405540 [ex 126300], 405542 [ex 126300] (5), and 405542 [ex 51762] (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:65 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Hypoatherina temminckii (Bleeker 1854) -- (in part Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2136 [ref. 24783], Paxton et al. 2006:710 [ref. 28995]). Valid as Hypoatherina uisila (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Sasaki & Kimura 2014:31 [ref. 33189]). Current status: Valid as Hypoatherina uisila (Jordan & Seale 1906). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Western Samoa, American Samoa, Tonga, Vanuatu, New Caledonia and Solomon Island. Habitat: marine.

vaigiensis, Atherina Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:335 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Australia [Waigeo [Waigiou] Island, Indonesia [probably erroneous]]. Holotype: MNHN A-4408. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:712 [ref. 21541]. For comments on type locality see Kimura et al. 2001:382 [ref. 25784]. •Synonym of Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster 1801) -- (Ivantsoff & Crowley 1991:487 [ref. 19162], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2125 [ref. 24783]). •Valid as Hypoatherina vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Myers 1999:73 [ref. 23965]). •Valid as Atherinomorus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Kimura et al. 2001:379 [ref. 25784], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:78 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:703 [ref. 28995], Hoschke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Atherinomorus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Australia. Habitat: marine.

valenciennei, Atherina Bleeker [P.] 1854:507 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5965] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia; Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 6377 [or 3677] (77.9 mm SL). Paralectotypes: (57) RMNH 6377 (47 of 40-76.5 mm SL), USNM 143716 [ex RMNH 6377] (4). Probably not types: BMNH 1880.4.21.168-9 (2); MNHN A-4387 (4 or 5); NMV 45967-68 (2), 45971-73 (3). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:712 [ref. 21541]. Later spelled valenciennesi by Bleeker; as valenciennei in two places in original. Lectotype selected by Ivantsoff & Kottelat 1988:143 [ref. 6856]. •Valid as "Atherina" valenciennei Bleeker 1854 -- (Sasaki & Kimura 2014:[3] 209 [ref. 33189], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:68 [ref. 36460]). •Valid as Hypoatherina valenciennei (Bleeker 1854) -- (Ivantsoff & Kottelat 1988 [ref. 6856], Kottelat et al. 1993:92 [ref. 23448], Ivantsoff & Crowley 1999:2138 [ref. 24783], Nakabo 2000:544 [ref. 25086], Ivantsoff in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122], Shimizu 2001:23 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:544 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:216, 544 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Kimura 2009:47 [ref. 30426], Motomura et al. 2010:81 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:161 [ref. 31980], Sasaki & Kimura 2012:5, 7 [ref. 32345], Kottelat 2013:287 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:59 [ref. 34464] dated 1853). Current status: Valid as Hypoatherina valenciennei (Bleeker 1854). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: India east to Vanuatu, north to Korea and Japan. Habitat: brackish, marine.

velieana, Atherina Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1880:342 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 2 (no. 98); ref. 18135] Clearwater Harbor, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 23629. •Synonym of Atherinomorus stipes (Müller & Troschel 1848) -- (Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:513 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinomorus stipes (Müller & Troschel 1848). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

verae, Atherinason dannevigi Whitley [G. P.] 1951:394 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 4715] Watson's Bay, Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS IA.3247 (10). •Synonym of Atherinason hepsetoides (Richardson 1843) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:355 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:376 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:701 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinason hepsetoides (Richardson 1843). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: marine.

villosa, Atherina Duncker [G.] & Mohr [E.] 1926:135, Fig. 10 [Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Staatsinstitut und Zoologischen Museum in Hamburg. v. 42; ref. 15585] New Britain Island, Bismarck Archipelago. Lectotype: ZMH H151. Paralectotypes: ZMH H152 (2), H153 (4). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:163 [ref. 19181]. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:163 [ref. 19181]. •Valid as Hypoatherina villosa (Duncker & Mohr 1926) -- (Fricke et al. 2014:37 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Hypoatherina villosa (Duncker & Mohr 1926). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Madang Lagoon and New Britain, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

voeltzkowi, Atherina Jatzow [R.] & Lenz [H.] 1898:515, Pl. 36 (fig. 12) [Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft v. 21; ref. 14685] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Atherinidae: Atherininae.

vorax, Atherinosoma Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:138 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Cape Schanck, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Atherinosoma microstoma (Günther 1861) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:356 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:379 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:704 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinosoma microstoma (Günther 1861). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

wallacei, Atherinosoma Prince [J. D.], Ivantsoff [W.] & Potter [I. C.] 1982:67, Figs. 1, 2 bottom [Australian Zoologist v. 21 (pt 1); ref. 5417] Guildford, Swan-Avon River system, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.27275-001. Paratypes: AMS I.22527-001 (5); BMNH 1981.11.30.20-22 (3); CAS 48752 (3); MNHN 1981-1259 (3); UMMZ 209402-04 (1, 1, 1); USNM 228884 (3); WAM P.27276-001 (4), P.27277-001 (3), P.27278-001 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:14 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:15 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Atherinosoma wallacei Prince, Ivantsoff & Potter 1982 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:357 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Leptatherina wallacei (Prince, Ivantsoff & Potter 1982) -- (Pavlov et al. 1988:394 [ref. 12285], Morgan et al. 1998:35 [ref. 24611], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:140 [ref. 25930], Paxton et al. 2006:712 [ref. 28995], Raadik 2008:400 [ref. 30624], Campanella et al. 2015:16 [ref. 33711]). Current status: Valid as Leptatherina wallacei (Prince, Ivantsoff & Potter 1982). Atherinidae: Atherininae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

waterloti, Atherina duodecimalis var. Pellegrin [J.] 1932:227 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 57; ref. 16389] Antikotazo Creek, District d'Ambilobé, Diégo Suarez Province, Madagascar. Syntypes: MNHN B-2360 (4), 1931-0259 (1), 1931-0260 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 633 [ex MNHN 1931-0259] (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:705 [ref. 21541], Fricke et al. 2018:102 [ref. 35805]. •Synonym of Atherina duodecimalis Valenciennes 1835, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Maugé 1986:279 [ref. 6218]). •Valid as Teramulus waterloti (Pellegrin 1932) -- (Fricke et al. 2018:102 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Teramulus waterloti (Pellegrin 1932). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater.

whitei, Pranesus insularum Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:307, Fig. 48 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Saipan Island, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 143306. Paratypes: USNM 143307 (4). •Synonym of Atherinomorus insularum (Jordan & Evermann 1903) -- (Myers & Donaldson 2003:615 [ref. 27495], Randall 2007:136 [ref. 30952] but with investigation needed for subspecies status). Current status: Synonym of Atherinomorus insularum (Jordan & Evermann 1903). Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Habitat: marine.

woodwardi, Atherina Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1901:200, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 24 (no. 1250); ref. 2524] Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 6529. Paratypes: (7) CAS-SU 6714 (4), USNM 49815 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:65 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Hypoatherina woodwardi (Jordan & Starks 1901) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:119 [ref. 6441] [now golanii], Nakabo 2000:544 [ref. 25086], Ivantsoff in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122], Sakai et al. 2001:89 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:544 [ref. 26001] Sasaki & Kimura 2012:5 [ref. 32345]). •Valid as "Atherina" woodwardi (Jordan & Gilbert 1901) -- (Sasaki & Kimura 2014:3 [ref. 33189]). Current status: Valid as Atherina woodwardi Jordan & Starks 1901. Atherinidae: Atherinomorinae. Distribution: Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

worrelli, Craterocephalus Whitley [G. P.] 1948:86 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 1); ref. 4710] Mataranka, Roper River system, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IB.1915. •Synonym of Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum (Günther 1867) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:358 [ref. 12442], Crowley et al. 1991:46 [ref. 16645], Paxton et al. 2006:709 [ref. 28995], Larson et al. 2013:63 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:34 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Synonym of Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum (Günther 1867). Atherinidae: Craterocephalinae. Habitat: freshwater.