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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Bagridae: [ 352 ] records


abbreviatus, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:420 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 2942. Type information: Roberts 1993:28 [ref. 21799]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus abbreviatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1993:28 [ref. 21799], Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mystus abbreviatus (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Distribution: Java, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

abbreviatus, Pimelodus Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:420 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Not available, name mentioned in passing under Bagrus abbreviatus Valenciennes. Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

acicularis, Sperata Ferraris [C. J., Jr.] & Runge [K. E.] 1999:403, Figs. 2a, 3, 4a [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 10); ref. 24039] South Oak-ka-lar-pa market (e. Yangon), Yangon Division, Myanmar. Holotype: CAS 209024. Paratypes: BMNH 1894.5.24.23-24 (2); CAS 67697 (1), 209023 (2); NRM 14980 (2), 31056 (1), 31080 (2), 40002 (1), 40650 (3); CAS-SU 14491 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Sperata acicularis Ferraris & Runge 1999 -- (Jayaram 2006:26 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:266 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Sperata acicularis Ferraris & Runge 1999. Bagridae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

aculeatus, Leiocassis Ng [H. H.] & Hadiaty [R. K.] 2005:84, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 28215] Sungai Soraya, tributary of Sungai Alas, Aceh Province, Sumatra. Holotype: MZB 8715. Paratypes: MZB 5628 (1), ZRC 45416 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:31 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Leiocassis aculeata Ng & Hadiaty 2005 -- (Ng & Lim 2006:166 [ref. 28701] as aculeatus, Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155] as aculeatus, Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32989], Ng & Tan 2018:334 [ref. 36208]). Current status: Valid as Leiocassis aculeata Ng & Hadiaty 2005. Bagridae. Distribution: Alas River basin, northern Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

adiposalis, Pseudobagrus Oshima [M.] 1919:181, Pl. 48 (fig. 2) [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 12 (nos 2-4); ref. 3312] Tamsui River near Shinten, Taiwan. Lectotype: FMNH 59079 [ex CM 8216]. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 23176 (4). Type catalog: Henn 1928:75 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:42 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:70 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155], Ho & Shao 2011:34 [ref. 31432]. The described specimen was designated lectotype by Eschmeyer 1998:40 [ref. 23416]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus adiposalis Oshima 1919 -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860], Zheng 1989:283 [ref. 21202], Gao in Pan et al. 1991:311 [ref. 23876], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Zhu 1995:147 [ref. 25213], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:66 [ref. 24534], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Li et al. 2005:52 [ref. 28390], Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155], Cheng et al. 2008:118 [ref. 29608], Ho & Shao 2011:34 [ref. 31432], Zhang et al. 2016:184 [ref. 34477]). •Valid in Tachysurus. Current status: Valid as Tachysurus adiposalis (Oshima 1919). Bagridae. Distribution: Taiwan; doubtfully China. Habitat: freshwater.

affinis, Bagrus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:338 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Vicinity of Madras, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]). Bagridae. Distribution: Southern India [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

affinis, Batasio Blyth [E.] 1860:150 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Tenasserim, Myanmar. Holotype: ZSI F7880/1 [? = A.549]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Batasio tengana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:211 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Batasio affinis Blyth 1860 -- (Ng & Kottelat 2001:497 [ref. 25746], Bhatt & Jayaram 2004:1342 [ref. 27473], Ng 2004:67 [ref. 27646], Ng & Edds 2004:295 [ref. 27993], Vishwanath & Darshan 2006:2162 [ref. 28454], Ng 2006:101 [ref. 28588], Jayaram 2006:80 [ref. 28762], Arunachalam & Muralidharan 2007:2680 [ref. 29123], Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2008:298 [ref. 29391], Ng 2008:1 [ref. 29713], Darshan et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31332], Kottelat 2013:257 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Batasio affinis Blyth 1860. Bagridae. Distribution: Irrrawaddy, Sittang and Ataran River drainages, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

agricolus, Bagrus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:339 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Ditches and inundated paddy fields in Wynaad, southern India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]). Bagridae. Distribution: Southern India [if valid].

alasensis, Mystus Ng [H. H.] & Hadiaty [R. K.] 2005:86, Fig. 3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 28215] Sungai Lembang, Gunung Leuser National Park, Aceh Province, Sumatra. Holotype: MZB 8704. Paratypes: MZB 8710 (3), 8712 (4); ZRC 46417 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:32 [ref. 29920] •Valid as Mystus alasensis Ng & Hadiaty 2005 -- (Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155], Ng & Pethiyagoda 2013:167 [ref. 33011], Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mystus alasensis Ng & Hadiaty 2005. Bagridae. Distribution: Alas River drainage, northern Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

albicollaris, Leiocassis Fowler [H. W.] 1934:337, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1418] Bangkok, Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 60178. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:25 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155]. •Questionably a synonym of Leiocasis siamensis Regan 1913 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Pseudomystus albivollaris (Fowler 1934), but possibly a synonym of Pseudomystus siamensis (Regan 1913) -- (Ng & Rachmatika 1999:176, 178 [ref. 23964]). •Synonym of Pseudomystus siamensis (Regan 1913) -- (Kottelat 2001:125 [ref. 25780], Ng & Lim 2005:16 [ref. 28081], Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudomystus siamensis (Regan 1913). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

albilabris, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:416 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Calcutta and now Puducherry, India; Bengal; Sri Lanka. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4172 (1) Trincomalee, 0000-4336 (2) Ganges, A-8967 (6) Calcutta, A-9009 (1) India. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:26 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Mystus gulio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:57 [ref. 26894] dating to 1839, Ataur Rahman 2003:226 [ref. 31338], Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]. Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus gulio (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

albolineatus, Mystus Roberts [T. R.] 1994:245, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 21568] Prachinburi market, Bangpakong basin, Thailand. Holotype: CAS 79030. Paratypes: ANSP 16453 (16), 60646 (3); CAS 53213 (5), 67220-21 (1, 2), 79031-32 (1, 12), 79048 (2), 81547 (3); USNM 325066 (3); ZMA 120847 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus albolineatus Roberts 1994 -- (Rainboth 1996:141 [ref. 22772], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Kottelat 2000:86 [ref. 25486], Kottelat 2001:124 [ref. 25780], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:32 [ref. 26894], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mystus albolineatus Roberts 1994. Bagridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia: Mekong basin, Thailand and Cambodia. Habitat: freshwater.

albomarginatus, Leiocassis Rendahl [H.] 1928:170 [Arkiv för Zoologi v. 20 A (pt 1) (no. 1); ref. 3702] Tang-tu-hsien, Anhui, China. Syntypes: NRM 10017 (5). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus albomarginatus (Rendahl 1928) -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860], Gao in Pan et al. 1991:310 [ref. 23876], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952] with question, Zhu 1995:146 [ref. 25213], Cheng & Zhou 1997:214 [ref. 26385], Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155], Cheng et al. 2008:118 [ref. 29608], Zhang et al. 2016:185 [ref. 34477]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:341 [ref. 30085]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus albomarginatus (Rendahl 1928). Bagridae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

aleppensis, Macrones Günther [A.] 1864:75 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Coic River, Aleppo, Syria. Günther specimens: BMNH 1955.6.25.1 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155]. Proposed on p. 75 but withdrawn on p. 431 as same as previously named pelusius by Russell. An unjustified emendation of Bagrus halepensis Valenciennes 1840. •Synonym of Mystus pelusius (Solander 1794) -- (Coad 1991:19 [ref. 15702], Roberts 1994:243 [ref. 21568], Coad 1995:24 [ref. 23608], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:94 [ref. 26894], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155], Esmaeili et al. 2010:373 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:889 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus pelusius (Solander 1794). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

amemiyai, Aoria Kimura [S.] 1934:166, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Journal of the Shanghai Science Institute v. 1; ref. 16434] Howchwan, Szechwan Province, China. Holotype: 205-mm spec., Shanghai Sci. Inst. Paratypes: (1) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155]. Appeared as amemiyae on pp. 12 and 166, as amemiyai on Pl. 5; the latter was selected by Kottelat et al. 1998:570 [ref. 23920] as first revisers. •Possibly the same as Hemibagrus macropterus Bleeker 1870 -- (Kottelat et al. 1998:570 [ref. 23920]). •Valid as Mystus amemiyae (Kimura 1934) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:32 [ref. 26894]). •Species inquirenda in Hemibagrus -- (Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus macropterus Bleeker 1870 -- (Ng & Kottelat 2013:220 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989]). •Not treated in Zhang et al. 2016:182 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus macropterus Bleeker 1870. Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

analis, Leiocassis (Dermocassis) Nichols [J. T.] 1930:4, Fig. 3 [American Museum Novitates No. 440; ref. 16113] Hokou (Chaoshan), northeastern Kiangsi Province, China. Holotype (unique): AMNH 9680. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus analis (Nichols 1930) -- (Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Zhu 1995:146 [ref. 25213], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:57 [ref. 24534], Tang et al. 2001:15 [ref. 25373], Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155], Zhang et al. 2016:185 [ref. 34477]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus analis (Nichols 1930). Bagridae. Distribution: Yangtze River, China. Habitat: freshwater.

angusticeps, Adelopeltis Dabry de Thiersant [P.] 1872:189, Pl. 47 (fig. 3) [La pisciculture et la pêche en Chine; ref. 12507] Chang Jiang [Yangtze River], China. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]). Bagridae. Distribution: Yangtze River, China [if valid].

anisurus, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:422 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 2956. Type information: Roberts 1993:30 [ref. 21799]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155] Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1999:272. On Official List of Specific Names in Zoology, Opinion 220.. •Synonym of Mystus planiceps (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1989:122 [ref. 6439], Roberts 1993:30 [ref. 21799], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:96 [ref. 26894]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus planiceps (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ng & Ng 1995:136 [ref. 21730], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:173 [ref. 23964], Tan & Ng 1999:276 [ref. 24254], Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus planiceps (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

anisurus, Pimelodus Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:422 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Mentioned in passing under Bagrus anisurus Valenciennes, not available; from Java, Indonesia. See account of Pimelodus anisurus McClelland 1842. Bagridae.

anisurus, Pimelodus McClelland [J.] 1842:583 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 2926] Loodianali and Kabul River at Jullalabad [Jalalabad], Afghanistan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:98 [ref. 29155]. Ng & Kottelat 2000:346 [ref. 25076] wrongly regard this species as preoccupied by Pimelodus anisurus Valenciennes 1840, but Valenciennes' original genus was Bagrus; Pimelodus anisurus Kuhl & van Hasselt was mentioned by Valencienens, but this is a name in synonymy and never made available. •Possibly a synonym of Mystus tengara (Hamilton 1822) -- (Coad 1981:15 [ref. 22348], Ng & Kottelat 2000:346 [ref. 25076]). •Species inquirenda in Mystus -- (Ferraris 2007:98 [ref. 29155]). Bagridae. Distribution: Afghanistan. Habitat: freshwater.

ankutta, Mystus Pethiyagoda [R.], Silva [A.] & Maduwage [K.] 2008:234, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 19 (no. 3); ref. 29985] Kelani drainage, stream Wak-Oya at Waga (near Labugama), 6°54'N, 80°07'E, Sri Lanka, elevation 150 meters. Holotype: WHT 7727. Paratypes: CMK 7106 (2), 7139 (2), 8838 (2), 12192 (3), 10773 (1); WHT 11 (2), 125 (3), 7728 (2). •Valid as Mystus ankutta Pethiyagoda, Silva & Maduwage 2008 -- (Ng & Kottelat 2009:248 [ref. 30202], Ng & Pethiyagoda 2013:167 [ref. 33011], Sudasinghe et al. 2016:171 [ref. 34902]). Current status: Valid as Mystus ankutta Pethiyagoda, Silva & Maduwage 2008. Bagridae. Distribution: Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

aor, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:205, 379, Pl. 20 (fig. 68) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Rivers of Bengal and upper parts of Gangetic estuaries, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus aor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:38 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:197 [ref. 24860]). •Valid as Aorichthys aor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:547 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:129 [ref. 19952], Mirza et al. 1992:211 [ref. 21080], Banik & Choudhury 1996:579 [ref. 24736], Menon 1999:208 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:325 [ref. 25220], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662], Yadav 2003:18 [ref. 27711], Shrestha 2008:146 [ref. 29923]). •Valid as Sperata aor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ferraris & Runge 1999:410 [ref. 24039], Ataur Rahman 2003:216 [ref. 31338], Remi Devi et al. 2005:123 [ref. 28532], Jayaram 2006:27 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872]). Current status: Valid as Sperata aor (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Distribution: Asia: Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

aorellus, Bagrus Blyth [E.] 1858:283 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 476] Calcutta fish market, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Aorichthys seenghala (Sykes 1839) -- (Menon 1999:209 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Sperata aorella (Blyth 1858) -- (Ferraris & Runge 1999:413 [ref. 24039], Jayaram 2006:29 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Sperata aorella (Blyth 1858). Bagridae. Distribution: Ganges River: India and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

aorides, Bagrus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:336 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Cavery River at Errode, southern India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Sperata aor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ferraris & Runge 1999:410 [ref. 24039], Jayaram 2006:27 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Sperata aor (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

aorinus, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Jacquemont 1840:no p., Pl. 17 (fig. 1-1a) [Voyage dans l'Inde pendant les années 1828 à 1832; ref. 17872] India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Sperata seenghala (Sykes 1839) -- (Ferraris & Runge 1999:416 [ref. 24039], Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:266 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Sperata seenghala (Sykes 1839). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

argentivittatus, Macrones Regan [C. T.] 1905:390, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 13; ref. 15384] Canton, Cungkun, China. Lectotype: MHNG 677.99. Paralectotypes: MHNG 2583.29 [ex 677.99b-c] (2). Type catalog: Mahnert 1976:474 [ref. 21535], Weber 1998:10 [ref. 23532], Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Jayaram 1974:785 [ref. 28258]. See Naseka & Bogutskaya 2004:286 [ref. 27838]. See Ng 2009:24 [ref. 30544] for remarks on locality. •Valid as Mystus argentivittatus (Regan 1905) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:34 [ref. 26894]). •Valid as Leiocassis argentivittatus (Regan 1905) -- (Zheng et al. 1989:282 [ref. 21202], Gao in Pan et al. 1991:307 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:145 [ref. 25213], Cheng & Zhou 1997:211 [ref. 26385], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:49 [ref. 24534], Grant 2006:10 [ref. 28890], Zhang et al. 2016:183 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Pelteobagrus argentivittatus (Regan 1905) -- (Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Tachysurus argentivittatus (Regan 1905) -- (Ng 2009:16 [ref. 30544]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus argentivittatus (Regan 1905). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeastern China. Habitat: freshwater.

armatus, Akysis Vaillant [L. L.] 1902:64, Fig. 10 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (note 1); ref. 4490] Tepoe, Mahakam River, Borneo. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7844. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:98 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Akysis armatus Vaillant 1902 -- (He & Chen 1981:212 [ref. 21313]). •Valid as Leiocassis armatus (Vaillant 1902) -- (Roberts 1989:117 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:63 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Nanobagrus armatus (Vaillant 1902) -- (Mo 1991:143 [ref. 19952], Ng & Tan 1999:358 [ref. 24159], Tan & Ng 2000:280 [ref. 24254], Ferraris 2007:98 [ref. 29155], Ng 2008:93 [ref. 29540], Thomson et al. 2008:67 [ref. 29733], Ng 2010:60 [ref. 31047], Kottelat 2013:264 [ref. 32989], Setiawan et al. 2019:379 [ref. 36558]). Current status: Valid as Nanobagrus armatus (Vaillant 1902). Bagridae. Distribution: Mahakam and Kapuas River basins, Borneo; Keroh River, southern Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: freshwater.

armatus, Macrones Day [F.] 1865:289, Fig. [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1865 (pt 1); ref. 5295] Rivers and occasionally in backwaters, Cochin, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7573 (1, non-type); BMNH 1865.7.17.21 (1), 1975.9.30.13 (1, dry), 2016.11.30.820 (1); NMW 45165 (1), ZSI F1084 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:157 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:294 [ref. 25110], Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155]. Also appeared in Day 1865:187 [ref. 1074]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Valid as Mystus armatus (Day 1865) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:203 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:557 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:130 [ref. 19952], Indra 1993:186 [ref. 24009], Rema Devi & Ilango 1993:247 [ref. 24017], Rema Devi et al. 1996:136 [ref. 24021], Grant 1999:171 [ref. 24293], Menon 1999:199 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662], Arunachalam et al. 2001:128 [ref. 25692], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:36 [ref. 26894], Ataur Rahman 2003:225 [ref. 31338], Jayaram 2006:37 [ref. 28762], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2009:248 [ref. 30202], Darshan et al. 2011:2181 [ref. 31641], Plamoottil & Abraham 2013:318 [ref. 32984], Plamoottil & Abraham 2013:43 [ref. 32983], Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989], Plamoottil & Abraham 2014:239 [ref. 33431], Plamoottil 2016:1975 [ref. 34462]). Current status: Valid as Mystus armatus (Day 1865). Bagridae. Distribution: Southern central Asia: India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Pakistan (?). Habitat: freshwater.

armiger, Mystus Ng [H. H.] 2004:883, Figs. 1-3 [Copeia 2004 (no. 4); ref. 28016] Kelantan River at Kampung Kuala Besar, 200 meters from the sea, 6°12'N, 102°12'E, Kelantan, Malaysia. Holotype: CAS 218896. Paratypes: CAS 65248 (9). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus armiger Ng 2004 -- (Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Mystus wolffii (Bleeker 1851) -- (Ng 2012:65 [ref. 32092], Kottelat 2013:263 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2013:264 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus wolffii (Bleeker 1851). Bagridae. Distribution: Mouth of Kelantan River, northeastern Malay Peninsula (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

astrifera, Olyra Arunachalam [M.], Raja [M.], Mayden [R. L.] & Chandran [A.] 2013:52, Figs. 2-3 [International Journal of Zoology Research v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 32806] Kerala, Manimalai River at Kottangal village, 20 km from Mundakayam, India, 76°28'58.8"N, 76°40'31.2"E. Holotype: ZSI/SRS F8662. Paratypes: MSUMNH 66 (1). •Valid as Olyra astrifera Arunachalam, Raja, Mayden & Chandran 2013 -- (Ng et al. 2014:269 [ref. 33353], Ng & Ferraris 2016:386 [ref. 34194], Kosygin et al. 2018:592 [ref. 35785]). Current status: Valid as Olyra astrifera Arunachalam, Raja, Mayden & Chandran 2013. Bagridae. Distribution: Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

atrifasciatus, Mystus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:146, Figs. 35-37 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Pitsanulok, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 67907. Paratypes: ANSP 67908-12 (5), 68003 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:25 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus atrifasciatus Fowler 1937 -- (Roberts 1992:81 [ref. 14632], Rainboth 1996:141 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 1998:100 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:124 [ref. 25780], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:39 [ref. 26894], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:46 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Mystus atrifasciatus Fowler 1937. Bagridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

aubentoni, Mystus Desoutter [M.] 1975:449, Figs. 2-3 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 3: Zoologie) (art. 296, no. 206); ref. 7418] Tung [Stung] Treng, Mekong basin, Cambodia. Holotype: MNHN 1974-0039. Paratypes: MNHN 1974-0038 (1), 1974-0040 to 0042 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus aubentoni Desoutter 1975 -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:130 [ref. 19952]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus wyckioides (Fang & Chaux 1949) -- (Ng & Rainboth 1999:567 [ref. 24608], Kottelat 2001:124 [ref. 25780], Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:276 [ref. 32495]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus wyckioides (Fang & Chaux 1949). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

aurantiacus, Bagrus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:227, Pl. 104 (fig. 2) [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 2952a [not 2955]. Paralectotypes: RMNH 2949 (2), 2952 (1), 2955 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:169 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus aurantiacus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Okada 1961:575 [ref. 6363], Sawada in Masuda et al. 1984:59 [ref. 6441], Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:406 [ref. 25598], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Watanabe & Maeda 1995:410 [ref. 22171] with comments on lectotype, Watanabe 1998:264 [ref. 23491], Nakabo 2000:278 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:278 [ref. 26001], Watanabe & Nishida 2003:140 [ref. 26822], Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus aurantiacus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Bagridae. Distribution: Japan. Habitat: freshwater.

auratus, Bagrus Hyrtl [C. J.] 1859:17 [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 16; ref. 2291] No locality given. No types known. Appeared in "Osteologische Tabelle der Siluroiden." Bagridae.

bagre, Mystus Meuschen [F. C.] 1778:38 [Museum Gronovianum; ref. 17682] Original not seen. Not available, published in a rejected work (Opinion 260). Bagridae.

bajad, Silurus Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:66, xiii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Nile River, Egypt. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:83 [ref. 29155]. Misspelling or unjustified emendation as Porcus bayad Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1809, Pl. 15 (figs. 1-2). Species name misspelled bayard by Cuvier 1831:215 [ref. 37378]. •Valid as Bagrus bajad (Forsskål 1775) -- (Risch 1986:9 [ref. 6190], Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:128 [ref. 19952], Lévèque et al. 1991:142 [ref. 31367], Risch in Lévêque et al. 1992:400 [ref. 21590], Dankwa et al. 1999:32 [ref. 28023], Seegers et al. 2003:36 [ref. 28087], Ferraris 2007:83 [ref. 29155], Vreven & Risch 2007:581 [ref. 30027], Neumann et al. 2016:305 [ref. 35036]). Current status: Valid as Bagrus bajad (Forsskål 1775). Bagridae. Distribution: Eastern and western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bakalu, Rita Lal [K. K.], Dwivedi [A. K.] & Singh [R. K.] in Lal, Dwivedi, Singh, Mohindra, Chandra et al. 2017:73, Figs. 2, 4a, 5 [Hydrobiologia v. 790 (no. 1); ref. 34862] Pranhita River, Bejjur, Godavari river system, Telangana, India. Holotype: NBFGR RBAK 22. Paratypes: NBFGR, ZSI. •Valid as Rita bakalu Lal, Dwivedi & Singh 2017. Current status: Valid as Rita bakalu Lal, Dwivedi & Singh 2017. Bagridae. Distribution: Godavari river system, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, India. Habitat: freshwater.

baramensis, Liocassis Regan [C. T.] 1906:67 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 18 (no. 103) (art. 14); ref. 15708] Baram River, Sarawak, Borneo, eastern Malaysia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1898.11.14.1. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Liocassis. •Valid as Leiocassis baramensis Regan 1906 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:139 [ref. 19952]). •Tentatively a synonym of Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1989:117 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Leiocassis poecilopterus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1993:27 [ref. 21799]). •Species inquirenda in Liocassis -- (Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

baramensis, Macrones Regan [C. T.] 1906:68 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 18 (no. 103) (art. 14); ref. 15708] Baram River, Sarawak, Borneo, eastern Malaysia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1895.7.2.50. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:87 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus baramensis (Regan 1906) -- (Roberts 1989:124 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:65 [ref. 23448], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:39 [ref. 26894]). •Valid as Hemibagrus baramensis (Regan 1906) -- (Mo 1991:132 [ref. 19952], Ng & Ng 1995:134 [ref. 21730], Kottelat & Lim 1995:238 [ref. 23210], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:589 [ref. 23647] as aff. baramensis, Ng & Dodson 1999:51 [ref. 23894], Ng et al. 2000:65 [ref. 24934], Ferraris 2007:87 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:211 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:34 [ref. 35802], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:602 [ref. 36226]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus baramensis (Regan 1906). Bagridae. Distribution: Northern Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

batasio, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:179, 377, Pl. 23 (fig. 60) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Tista River, northern Bengal, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155]. Spelled batasius on plate. •Valid as Batasio batasio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:38 [ref. 15970], Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:141 [ref. 19952], Ataur Rahman 1989:193 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:550 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:559 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:211 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662], Ng & Kottelat 2001:507 [ref. 25746], Ataur Rahman 2003:213 [ref. 31338], Bhatt & Jayaram 2004:1341 [ref. 27473], Ng 2004:67 [ref. 27646], Ng & Edds 2004:295 [ref. 27993], Vishwanath & Darshan 2006:2162 [ref. 28454], Ng 2006:101 [ref. 28588], Jayaram 2006:81 [ref. 28762], Arunachalam & Muralidharan 2007:2680 [ref. 29123], Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155], Shrestha 2008:147 [ref. 29923], Ng 2008:1 [ref. 29713], Ng 2009:255 [ref. 30216], Darshan et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31332], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Gurung et al. 2013:4883 [ref. 32969], Plamoottil 2015:1806 [ref. 33977]). Current status: Valid as Batasio batasio (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Distribution: Ganges River basin: India, Pakistan, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Nepal. Habitat: freshwater.

bayad, Porcus Geoffroy St. Hilaire [E.] 1809:[324], Pl. 15 (figs. 1-2) [Poissons du Nil v. 1 (part 1); ref. 4182] Nile River. The page number is from a different edition. Bagridae.

bekantan, Leiocassis Ng [H. H.] & Tan [H. H.] 2018:328, Figs. 1, 2a, 3, 5a, 6a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 4) [no. IEF-1093]; ref. 36208] Sungai Rungan in the vicinity of Petuk Bukit village, Kayahan River drainage, Kalimantan Tengah, Borneo, approximately 1°52'S, 113°44'E. Holotype: MZB 17226. Paratypes: CMK, MZB, ZRC. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Leiocassis bekantan Ng & Tan 2018. Current status: Valid as Leiocassis bekantan Ng & Tan 2018. Bagridae. Distribution: South central Borneo and central and south Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

bicolor, Leiocassis Fowler [H. W.] 1934:95, Fig. 43 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Chieng Mai [or Mae Nam Ping], northern Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 59284. Paratypes: ANSP 59285-89 (5). Additional material (12). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:25 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Leiocassis bicolor Fowler 1934 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Pseudomystus bicolor (Fowler 1934) -- (Mo 1991:140 [ref. 19952]). •Valid as Pseudomystus bicolor (Fowler 1934), but possibly a synonym of Pseudomystus siamensis (Regan 1913) -- (Ng & Rachmatika 1999:176, 178 [ref. 23964]). •Synonym of Pseudomystus siamensis (Regan 1913) -- (Kottelat 2001:125 [ref. 25780], Ng & Lim 2005:16 [ref. 28081], Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudomystus siamensis (Regan 1913). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

bilineatus, Pimelodus Cuvier [G.] 1829:293 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Vizagapatam, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]. Available from footnote as, "Pimel. bilineatus, Deddi-Jallah., Russel, 169." •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]). Bagridae.

bimaculatus, Macrones Volz [W.] 1904:466 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 15218] Sengi Si Russu and Kwantang River, near Djapura (Indragari), Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (5) MHNG 683.28 (1), NMW 45166-67 (1, 1). Type catalog: Weber 1998:10 [ref. 23532], Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155] •Valid as Mystus bimaculatus (Volz 1904) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:65 [ref. 23448], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Tan & Ng 1999:277 [ref. 24254], Ng et al. 2001:357 [ref. 25966], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:41 [ref. 26894], Ng 2003:376 [ref. 26909], Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mystus bimaculatus (Volz 1904). Bagridae. Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

birmannus, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:419 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Irrawaddy River at Rangoon, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0577. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:27 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Mystus gulio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:57 [ref. 26894] dating to 1839, Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus gulio (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

bleekeri, Macrones Day [F.] 1877:451, Pl. 101 (fig. 1) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Jumna [Yamuna] River, India. Lectotype: ZSI 1076. Paralectotypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7999 (1, type) Seharunpore; BMNH 1889.2.1.2335-36 (2); NMW 44168 (1); RMNH 3024 (1); ZSI 781 (1), 1076 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:157 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:295 [ref. 25110], Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Roberts 1994:246 [ref. 21568]; regarded as invalid by Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155] who suggests that Sharma & Dutt's designation (1983:34) of ZSI 1076 is valid. See also Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155] for more comments. See also Ng & Kottelat 2009:249 [ref. 30202]. •Synonym of Mystus keletius (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Pethiyagoda 1991:149 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:562 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:130 [ref. 19952], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:63 [ref. 26894], Menon 1999:202 [ref. 24904], Rema-Devi 2001:297 [ref. 25883], Ng 2002:162 [ref. 26403], Yadav 2003:18 [ref. 27711], Jayaram 2006:43 [ref. 28762], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:233 [ref. 29985]). •Valid as Mystus bleekeri (Day 1877) -- (Shrestha 1978:38 [ref. 15970], Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:201 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:558 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:130 [ref. 19952], Rema Devi & Ilango 1993:247 [ref. 24017], Roberts 1994:246 [ref. 21568], Indra 1994:418 [ref. 24015], Sen 1995:561 [ref. 23778], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:155 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi et al. 1999:158 [ref. 24758], Sen 1999:200 [ref. 24750], Raju Thomas et al. 1999:482 [ref. 25438], Menon 1999:200 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:325 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2000:356 [ref. 25207], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662], Rema-Devi 2001:296 [ref. 25883], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:41 [ref. 26894], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:17 [ref. 27265], Ataur Rahman 2003:223 [ref. 31338], Yadav 2003:18 [ref. 27711], Jayaram 2006:38 [ref. 28762], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155], Shrestha 2008:149 [ref. 29923], Patra 2011:1612 [ref. 31232], Darshan et al. 2011:2177 [ref. 31641], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Gurung et al. 2013:4883 [ref. 32969], Ng & Pethiyagoda 2013:167 [ref. 33011], Kottelat 2013:263 [ref. 32989], Plamoottil 2016:1975 [ref. 34462], Sudasinghe et al. 2016:171 [ref. 34902]). Current status: Valid as Mystus bleekeri (Day 1877). Bagridae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

bleekeri, Macrones Volz [W.] 1903:556 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 26 (no. 703); ref. 4531] Brackish water at Banju asin, Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): NMBE 1020756. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155]. Preocuppied by Macrones bleekeri Day 1877; now Mystus bleekeri. Species illustrated and described in more detail in Volz 1903:387, Pl. 26 (fig. 3) [ref. 21451]. •Status uncertain, in Hemibagrus -- (Ng & Ng 1995:135 [ref. 21730]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ng & Dodson 1999:49 [ref. 23894]). •Synonym of Mystus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:86 [ref. 26894]). •Possible senior synonym of Hemibagrus johorensis (Herre 1940) -- (Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155]). •In the synonymy of Hemibagrus capitulum (Popta 1906) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2013:234 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus capitulum (Popta 1906). Bagridae.

blythii, Macrones Day [F.] 1877:445 [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Sittang River, Tenasserim, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): ZSI F7880/1 [? = A.549]. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:125-126 [ref. 20743], Whitehead & Talwar 1976:157 [ref. 23762], Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155]. Unneeded replacement name for Batasio affinis Blyth 1860. •Synonym of Batasio tengana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:551 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:211 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Batasio affinis Blyth 1860 -- (Ng & Kottelat 2001:497 [ref. 25746], Jayaram 2006:80 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2008:290 [ref. 29391], Kottelat 2013:257 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Batasio affinis Blyth 1860. Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

bo, Macrones Popta [C. M. L.] 1904:183 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (no. 4) (art. 6) (for Oct. 1902); ref. 3547] Bo River, Mahakam basin, central Borneo. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7549. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155]. •Questionably a synonym of Mystus baramensis (Regan 1906) -- (Roberts 1989:124 [ref. 6439]). •Status uncertain, in Hemibagrus -- (Ng & Ng 1995:135 [ref. 21730]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ng & Dodson 1999:49 [ref. 23894]). •Synonym of Mystus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:86 [ref. 26894]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus fortis (Popta 1904) -- (Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus fortis (Popta 1904). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

bocourti, Heterobagrus Bleeker [P.] 1864:355, Pl. [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 16 (no. 3); ref. 404] Mé-Nam River at Bangkok, Thailand. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1553. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:29-30 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Heterobagrus bocourti Bleeker 1864 -- (Burgess 1989:71 [ref. 12860], Rainboth 1996:140 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Mystus bocourti (Bleeker 1864) -- (Roberts 1989:123 [ref. 6439], Mo 1991:130 [ref. 19952], Roberts 1994:246 [ref. 21568], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Kottelat 2001:124 [ref. 25780], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:45 [ref. 26894], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155], Ng & Pethiyagoda 2013:167 [ref. 33011], Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mystus bocourti (Bleeker 1864). Bagridae. Distribution: Mekong and Chao Phraya River basins: Thailand. Laos and Cambodia. Habitat: freshwater.

bomboides, Pseudomystus Kottelat [M.] 2000:77, Fig. 69 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 25040] Mekong basin, confluence of Nam Leuk and Nam Ngong, 18°22'04"N, 103°05'27"E, Vientiane Province, Laos. Holotype: ZRC 45426. Paratypes: CMK 13256 (4), LARRI uncat. (2), ZRC 45493 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:35 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Pseudomystus bomboides Kottelat 2000 -- (Kottelat 2001:125 [ref. 25780], Ng & Siebert 2005:6 [ref. 28064], Ng & Lim 2005:16 [ref. 28081], Ng & Freyhof 2005:750 [ref. 28480], Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155], Kim & Ng 2008:45 [ref. 29456], Ng 2008:98 [ref. 29540], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus bomboides Kottelat 2000. Bagridae. Distribution: Thailand and Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

bongan, Macrones Popta [C. M. L.] 1904:182 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (no. 4) (art. 6) (for Oct. 1902); ref. 3547] Bongan River, central Borneo. Syntypes: RMNH 7548-49 (1, 1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:87 [ref. 29155]. •Questionably a synonym of Mystus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1989:122 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Mystus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:86 [ref. 26894] as bongon). •Valid as Hemibagrus bongan (Popta 1904) -- (Ng & Ng 1995:136 [ref. 21730], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:168 [ref. 23964], Tan & Ng 1999:276 [ref. 24254], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:159 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:189 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:87 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:252 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus bongan (Popta 1904). Bagridae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

brachyrhabdion, Pseudobagrus Cheng [J.-L.], Ishihara [H.] & Zhang [E] 2008:113, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Research v. 55 (no. 2); ref. 29608] Yuan Jiang in Yuanling County, 28°28'N, 110°24'E, middle Chang Jiang [Yangtze River] drainage, Hunan Province, China. Holotype: IHASW 89Vii2157. Paratypes: IHASW 89VII2156 (1), 2158-65 (8), 2167-68 (2). Plus non-type materials •Valid as Pseudobagrus brachyrhabdion Cheng, Ishihara & Zhang 2008. •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus brachyrhabdion (Cheng, Ishihara & Zhang 2008). Bagridae. Distribution: Middle Yangtze River drainage, China. Habitat: freshwater.

brashnikowi, Macrones (Leiocassis) Berg [L. S.] 1907:421 [4] [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 270] Amur River mouth, Russia. Syntypes: ZIN 13964-66 (2, 2, 1) [now 2 remaining]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155]. On p. 4 of separate. See Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085] for remarks on status of genera, with Pelteobagrus a synonym of Trachysurus. •Valid as Liocassis brashnikowi (Berg 1907) -- (Berg 1949:918 [ref. 20661]). •Valid as Pelteobagrus brashnikowi (Beg 1907) -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Leiocassis brashnikowi (Berg 1907) -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:50 [ref. 22798], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:745 [ref. 24702], Naseka 1998:104 [ref. 23590], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178]). •Valid as Pelteobagrus brashnikowi (Berg 1907) -- (Mo 1991:136 [ref. 19952], Naseka & Bogutskaya 2004:286 [ref. 27838], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:118 [ref. 28183], Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155]). •In Pseudobagrus -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:14 [ref. 29148]). •Valid as Tachysurus brashnikowi (Berg 1907) -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085], Parin et al. 2014:106 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus brashnikowi (Berg 1907). Bagridae. Distribution: Amur River basin, Russia and Korean Peninsula. Habitat: freshwater.

brevianalis, Pseudobagrus Regan [C. T.] 1908:151 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 1 (no. 2) (art. 24); ref. 14338] Lake Candidius, Taiwan. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.5.27.23-28 (6), SMNS 4373 (12). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155], Ho & Shao 2011:34 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus brevianalis Regan 1908 -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Zhu 1995:147 [ref. 25213], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:63 [ref. 24534], Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155], Cheng et al. 2008:118 [ref. 29608], Zhang et al. 2016:185 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus brevianalis Regan 1908 subspecies brevianalis Regan 1908 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:34 [ref. 31432]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus brevianalis (Regan 1908). Bagridae. Distribution: Taiwan. Habitat: freshwater.

brevicaudatus, Leiocassis Wu [H.-W.] 1930:81, Fig. 7 [Sinensia v. 1 (no. 6); ref. 16240] Chungking, Szechwan, China. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus brevicaudatus (Wu 1930) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Li in Ding 1994:462 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:147 [ref. 25213], Yang in Chen 1998:285 [ref. 23556], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:67 [ref. 24534], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155], Zhang et al. 2016:185 [ref. 34477]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Trachydurus brevicaudatus (Wu 1930). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus brevicaudatus (Wu 1930). Bagridae. Distribution: Yangtze River, China. Habitat: freshwater.

breviceps, Liocassis Regan [C. T.] 1913:551 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 11 (no. 66); ref. 14980] Deli [= Medan] River, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1889.11.12.64-65 (2), 1889.11.12.66 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Liocassis breviceps Regan 1913 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:63 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Pseudomystus breviceps (Regan 1913) -- (Mo 1991:140 [ref. 19952], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:177 [ref. 23964], Ng & Lim 2005:14 [ref. 28081], Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155], Kim & Ng 2008:45 [ref. 29456], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus breviceps (Regan 1913). Bagridae. Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

brevicorpus, Coreobagrus Mori [T.] 1936:672, Pl. 24 (fig. 2) [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 48 (nos 8-10); ref. 3044] Rakuto River at Ei-yo, southern Chosen, Korea. Holotype: At Preparatory Dept. Kwijo Imperial Univ. Additional specimens: (10). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus brevicorpus (Mori 1936) -- (Lee & Kim 1990:126 [ref. 24033], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Kim 1997:324 [ref. 24032], Kim & Park 2002:240 [ref. 25913], Youn 2002:184, 522 [ref. 26218], Jang et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27681]). •Valid as Coreobagrus brevicorpus Mori 1936 -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Watanabe et al. 1992:157 [ref. 20425], Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Coreobagrus brevicorpus Mori 1936. Bagridae. Distribution: Korea. Habitat: freshwater.

brevirostris, Leiocassis Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:619, Fig. 43 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Trinh Quyên Creek, Bát Sát, Lào Cai, Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTS I, Bac Ninh. Paratypes: (3). Plus 3 non-types. •Species inquirenda as Tachysurus brevirostris (Nguyen 2005) -- (Kottelat 2013:267 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Tachysurus brevirostris (Nguyen 2005). Bagridae. Distribution: Hông river system, Lào Cai Province, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

buchanani, Batasio Blyth [E.] 1860:150 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Tista River, northern Bengal. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:237 [ref. 29155]. Unneeded replacement name for Pimelodus batasio Hamilton 1822. •Synonym of Batasio batasio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Batasio batasio (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

buchanani, Rama Bleeker [P.] 1863:93 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 1; ref. 401] Brahmaputra River, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155]. Unneeded replacement name for Pimelodus rama Hamilton 1822 to avoid Strickland tautonymy. •Synonym of Rama rama (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Rama rama (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

buchanani, Rita Bleeker [P.] 1853:123, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 25 (art. 8); ref. 341] Hooghly River, Calcutta, India. Syntypes: (3) whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: AMS B.7955 (1), 7961 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155]. Based on literature sources and specimens; perhaps should be considered a replacement name for Pimelodus rita Hamilton 1822, apparently to avoid "Strickland tautonomy." •Synonym of Rita rita (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:578 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:197 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:210 [ref. 31338], Jayaram 2006:19 [ref. 28762] dated to 1853, Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Rita rita (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

burmanica, Olyra Day [F.] 1872:711 [9] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 5 Dec. 1871); ref. 1079] Pegue [Pegu] Yoma [Yomas], Myanmar. Lectotype: AMS B.7560. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:158 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:295 [ref. 25110], Ferraris 2007:99 [ref. 29155]. On p. 9 of separate. Lectotype selected by Jayaram 1980:19. •Synonym of Olyra longicauda McClelland 1842 -- (Menon 1999:264 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Olyra burmanica Day 1872 -- (Burgess 1989:154 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:694 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:134 [ref. 19952], Bockmann & de Pinna 2004:671 [ref. 27907], Jayaram 2006:91 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:99 [ref. 29155], Arunachalam et al. 2013:51 [ref. 32806], Kottelat 2013:264 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2014:270 [ref. 33353], Ng et al. 2015:156 [ref. 33928], Ng & Ferraris 2016:386 [ref. 34194], Kosygin et al. 2018:593 [ref. 35785]). Current status: Valid as Olyra burmanica Day 1872. Bagridae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

burmanicus, Macrones bleekeri var. Jenkins [J. T.] 1910:138 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 5 (art. 12); ref. 14478] Not available, no description. •In the synonymy of Mystus bleekeri (Day 1877) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:558 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:200 [ref. 24904]). •In the synonymy Mystus rufescens (Vinciguerra 1890) -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:104 [ref. 26894], Kottelat 2013:263 [ref. 32989]). •Not available, placement uncertain -- (Ng & Kottelat 2009:248 [ref. 30202]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus rufescens (Vinciguerra 1890). Bagridae.

caeruleus, Bagrus Roberts [T. R.] & Stewart [D. J.] 1976:275 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 147 (no. 6); ref. 7388] Lower Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo, 5°31.5'S, 13°37.5'E. Holotype: MCZ 50582. Paratypes: BMNH 1976.5.21.23 [ex MCZ 50527] (1); MCZ 50141 (2), 50527 (orig. 3, now 1); USNM 216380 [ex MCZ 50527] (1). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:11 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Bagrus caeruleus Roberts & Stewart 1976 -- (Risch 1986:10 [ref. 6190], Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:128 [ref. 19952], Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]) Current status: Valid as Bagrus caeruleus Roberts & Stewart 1976. Bagridae. Distribution: Lower Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

calvarius, Silurus Basilewsky [S.] 1855:241, Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [Nouveaux mémoires de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou v. 10; ref. 200] Gulf of Tschili [= Bo Hai], China. No types at ZIN. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Pseudobagrus fulvidraco (Richardson 1846) -- (Berg 1949:910 [ref. 20661], Lee & Kim 1990:122 [ref. 24033]). •Synonym of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco (Richardson 1846) -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:52 [ref. 22798], Naseka 1998:105 [ref. 23590], Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155]). •In Pseudobagrus -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:14 [ref. 29148]). •Questionably a synonym of Tachysurus sinensis Lacepède 1803 -- (Ng & Kottelat 2007:37 [ref. 29362], Kottelat 2013:267 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Tachysurus sinensis Lacepède 1803 -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2008:341 [ref. 30085], Parin et al. 2014:106 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:671 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Tachysurus sinensis Lacepède 1803. Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

camthuyensis, Hemibagrus Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:632, Fig. 49 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Ma River, Cam Thuy, Thanh Hoá, Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTS I, Bac Ninh. Paratypes: (2). •Synonym of Hemibagrus vietnamicus Mai 1978 -- (Ng & Kottelat 2013:222 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:260 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus vietnamicus Mai 1978. Bagridae. Distribution: Ma River system, Thanh Hoá, Vietnam (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

canarensis, Mystus Grant [S.] 1999:170 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 24293] Day specimens: AMS B.7624 (1, non-type) Canara, NMW 45228 (1, non-type). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155]. Replacement name for Hara malabarica Day 1865, secondarily preoccupied in Mystus by Bagrus malabaricus Jerdon 1849. Neotype (AMS B.7624) designated by Grant 1999:170 [ref. 24293] but rejected by Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Mysteus malabaricus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Mystus canarensis Grant 1999 -- (Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Plamoottil & Abraham 2013:318 [ref. 32984], Plamoottil & Abraham 2013:43 [ref. 32983], Plamoottil & Abraham 2014:239 [ref. 33431], Plamoottil & Abraham 2014:239 [ref. 33431], Plamoottil 2016:1975 [ref. 34462]). Current status: Valid as Mystus canarensis Grant 1999. Bagridae. Distribution: Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

capitulum, Macrones fortis var. Popta [C. M. L.] 1906:48 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 27; ref. 18569] Bo River, Borneo. Holotype: RMNH 7552. Paratypes: RMNH 7551 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155]. Name appeared first in 1906, not 1904, where the name was not provided but the description occurred; courtesy Christopher Scharpf, 3/16/2014. •Status uncertain, in Hemibagrus -- (Ng & Ng 1995:135 [ref. 21730]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ng & Dodson 1999:49 [ref. 23894]). •Synonym of Mystus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:86 [ref. 26894]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus fortis (Popta 1906) -- (Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Hemibagrus capitulum (Popta 1906) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2013:234 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989] dated 1904, Sulaiman et al. 2018:34 [ref. 35802] dated 1904, Ng et al. 2019:529 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus capitulum (Popta 1906). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Sumatra (Indonesia), Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

carcio, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:181, 377, Pl. 23 (fig. 60) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ponds of northern Bengal, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:98 [ref. 29155]. Pl. 23 (fig. 60) is wrongly captioned as batasio and should have been captioned as carcio -- see Grant 2006:4 [ref. 28890]. •Synonym of Mystus vittatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Roberts 1992:80 [ref. 14632], Menon 1999:207 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Mystus tengara (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:107 [ref. 26894], Ferraris 2007:98 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Mystus carcio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Darshan et al. 2011:2177 [ref. 31641], Kottelat 2013:264 [ref. 32989], Sudasinghe et al. 2016:171 [ref. 34902]). Current status: Valid as Mystus carcio (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

carnosus, Pseudomystus Ng [H. H.] & Lim [K. K. P.] 2005:7, Fig. 2a, 3b, 5 [Zootaxa No. 851; ref. 28081] Sukadana, Sumatra. Holotype: RMNH 15859. Paratypes: RMNH 15860 (2), 35223 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudomystus carnosus Ng & Lim 2005 -- (Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155], Kim & Ng 2008:45 [ref. 29456], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus carnosus Ng & Lim 2005. Bagridae. Distribution: Way Seputih River drainage, southern Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

castaneus, Mystus Ng [H. H.] 2002:163, Fig. 2 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 50 (no. 1); ref. 26403] Serian market (from Sungai Sadong), Sarawak, malaysia, Borneo. Holotype: ZRC 41848. Paratypes: CMK 6914 (4), 10087 (24), 10347 (1), 10499 (3); FMNH 62997 (1), 63027 (1), 68567-68 (1, 2), 68744 (1), 68746-50 (2, 2, 1, 1, 1), 69890 (1); ZMA 119.059-60 (1, 7); ZRC 3231 (1), 25997 (1), 27672 (1), 28176 (1), 38003 (6), 38408 (1), 39419 (3), 40487 (8), 41854 (1), 42310 (1), 42670 (2), 43728 (1). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:33 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Mystus castaneus Ng 2002 -- (Ng 2003:374 [ref. 26909], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:159 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:190 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:35 [ref. 35802], Ng et al. 2019:530 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Mystus castaneus Ng 2002. Bagridae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: southern Thailand, Malaya (Malaysia), central Sumatra (Indonesia), Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

catapogon, Mystus Plamoottil [M.] 2016:1968, Figs. 1-3 [Journal of Research in Biology v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 34462] Small water stream at Mavelikkara, Kerala, India. Holotype: ZSI/ANRC 12758. Paratypes: ZSI/ANRC. •Valid as Mystus catapogon Plamoottil 2016. Current status: Valid as Mystus catapogon Plamoottil 2016. Bagridae. Distribution: Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

cavasius, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:203, 379, Pl. 11 (fig. 67) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Gangetic provinces [Atrau River], India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus cavasius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ganguly & Datta 1975:296 [ref. 7248], Roberts 1989:123 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:200 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:559 [ref. 20764], Indra 1991:240 [ref. 24005], Mo 1991:130 [ref. 19952], Roberts 1994:248 [ref. 21568], Indra 1994:418 [ref. 24015], Sen 1995:561 [ref. 23778], Rema Devi et al. 1996:136 [ref. 24021], Manimekalan 1998:440 [ref. 24989], Grant 1999:172 [ref. 24293], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:156 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi et al. 1999:159 [ref. 24758], Sen 1999:200 [ref. 24750], Menon 1999:200 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:325 [ref. 25220], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662], Rema-Devi 2001:297 [ref. 25883], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:46, 89 [ref. 26894], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:17 [ref. 27265], Yadav 2003:18 [ref. 27711] as cuvasius, Ataur Rahman 2003:222 [ref. 31338], Remi Devi et al. 2005:123 [ref. 28532], Chakrabarty & Ng 2005:2 [ref. 28556], Jayaram 2006:40 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155], Shrestha 2008:150 [ref. 29923], Darshan et al. 2011:2177 [ref. 31641], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Ng & Pethiyagoda 2013:167 [ref. 33011], Plamoottil & Abraham 2014:238 [ref. 33431], Plamoottil 2016:1975 [ref. 34462], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Suresh et al. 2018:115 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Mystus cavasius (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Distribution: Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar (? Malaysia, and Indonesia). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

caveatus, Hemibagrus Ng [H. H.], Wirjoatmodjo [S.] & Hadiaty [R. K.] 2001:359, Fig. 1 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 49 (no. 2); ref. 25966] Sungai Soraya, a tributary of Sungai Alas, Aceh Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 8714. Paratypes: MZB 5625 (1), 5664 (1), 8708 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:87 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemibagrus caveatus Ng, Wirjoatmodjo & Hadiaty 2001 -- (Ferraris 2007:87 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:225 [ref. 32495]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus caveatus Ng, Wirjoatmodjo & Hadiaty 2001. Bagridae. Distribution: Alas River basin, northern Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

centralus, Hemibagrus Mai [D. Y.] 1978:253, Fig. 116 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Ouang Binh province, central Vietnam. ZMUH 409. Syntypes: ZMUH 409 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:87 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemibagrus centralus Mai 1978 -- (Burgess & Finley 1996:163 [ref. 22901], Kottelat et al. 1998:570 [ref. 23920], Kottelat 2001:51 [ref. 25482], Ferraris 2007:87 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus centralus Mai 1978. Bagridae. Distribution: Central Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

chandramara, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:162, 375 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Atreyi [Atrai] River, North Bengal, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Batsia chandramara (Hamilton 1822) -- (Mo 1991:141 [ref. 19952]). •Valid as Rama chandramara (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:574 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:563 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:210 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662], Ng & Kottelat 2001:495 [ref. 25746], Ataur Rahman 2003:212 [ref. 31338], Jayaram 2006:69 [ref. 28762]). •Valid as Chandramara chandramara (Hamilton 1822) -- (Tilak 1987:89 [ref. 6794], Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:191 [ref. 24860], Tilak 1990:294 [ref. 24003], Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Chandramara chandramara (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Distribution: India and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

changi, Pseudobagrus Miao [C.-P.] 1934:213, Fig. 43 [Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China. (Zoological Series) v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 13903] Chinkiang, China. Holotype: SSCN 12494. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Pseudobagrus -- (Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

chaseni, Leiocassis de Beaufort [L. F.] 1933:34 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 8; ref. 12381] Ulu Jelai, Pahang, Pahang basin, Malaysia. Holotype (unique): ZRC 290 (poor condition). Type catalog: Alfred 1970:68 [ref. 23931], Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:31 [ref. 29920]. •Synonym of Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1989:117 [ref. 6439], Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]). •Species inquirenda in Liocassis -- (Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Leiocassis poeciloptera (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ng & Lim 2006:171 [ref. 28701] as poeciliopterus, Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Leiocassis poeciloptera (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

chiemhoaensis, Hemibagrus Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:627, Fig. 46 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Gâm River, Chiêm Hóa, Tuyên Quang, Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTS I, Bac Ninh. Paratypes: (2). •Questionably a synonym of Hemibagrus pluriradiatus (Vaillant 1892) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32495]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus pluriradiatus (Vaillant 1892) -- (Kottelat 2013:260 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Hemibagrus pluriradiatus (Vaillant 1892). Bagridae. Distribution: Gâm River, Chiêm Hóa, Tuyên Quang, Vietnam (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

chinensis, Macrones Steindachner [F.] 1883:196 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse v. 20 (no. 22); ref. 20488] Canton, China. Holotype (unique): NMW. Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1884:1111 [p. 47 in separate], Pl. 8 [ref. 4234]. •Synonym of Mystus guttatus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Zheng 1989:285 [ref. 21202], Gao in Pan et al. 1991:314 [ref. 23876], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:72 [ref. 24534]). •Mention in Hemibagrus -- (Kottelat et al. 1998:569 [ref. 23920]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus elongatus (Günther 1864) -- (Mai 1978:250 [ref. 13511]). •Valid as Mystus chinensis (Steindachner 1883) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:53 [ref. 26894]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus guttatus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2012:216 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:182 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus guttatus (Lacepède 1803). Bagridae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

chinensis, Pseudobagrus Wu [H.-W.] 1930:53, Fig. 4 [Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China. (Zoological Series) v. 6 (no. 5); ref. 16346] Szechwan, China. Holotype (unique): No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Pelteobagrus vachellii (Richardson 1846) -- (Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Synonym of Tachysurus vachellii (Richardson 1846) -- (Kottelat 2013:268 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Tachysurus vachellii (Richardson 1846). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

chitol, Mystus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1841:39 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History v. 8 (nos. 48, 49, 50); ref. 6175] Not available, manuscript name mentioned in passing. Bagridae.

chrysea, Rita Day [F.] 1877:455, Pl. 104 (fig. 1) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Orissa, India [revised to Cuttack, Anaicut on River Mahanadi]. Holotype (unique): ZSI F498. Day specimens: RMNH 3026 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:125 [ref. 20743], Whitehead & Talwar 1976:157 [ref. 23762]., Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155]. For locality see Jayaram 2006:13 [ref. 28762]. •Valid as Rita chrysea Day 1877 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:576 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:142 [ref. 19952], Ferraris 1999:21 [ref. 23839], Menon 1999:196 [ref. 24904], Ng 2004:1 [ref. 27758], Jayaram 2006:13 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155], Lal et al. 2017:80 [ref. 34862]). Current status: Valid as Rita chrysea Day 1877. Bagridae. Distribution: Mahanadi River and tributaries, peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

chrysops, Hemibagrus Ng [H. H.] & Dodson [J. J.] 1999:48, Figs. 1, 2a, 3c-d [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 47 (no. 1); ref. 23894] Serian market, from Sadong River, Sarawak, Malaysia, Borneo. Holotype: ZRC 42653. Paratypes: ZRC 23008-14 (7), 39518 (18), 40489 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:87 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:27 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Hemibagrus chrysops Ng & Dodson 1999 -- (Parenti & Lim 2005:189 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:87 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus capitulum (Popta 1906) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2013:235 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus capitulum (Popta 1906). Bagridae. Distribution: Northern Borneo (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

cineraceus, Mystus Ng [H. H.] & Kottelat [M.] 2009:245, Figs. 1, 2A [Copeia 2009 (no. 2); ref. 30202] Lower 300 m of Nant Yen Khan Chaung, affluent of Lake Indawgyi, a little south of Lonton Village, 25°06'0.0"N, 96°16'59.0"E, Kachin state, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 41017. Paratypes: NRM 40708 (4), 40977 (9), 41015 (5); UMMZ 248754 (2). •Valid as Mystus cineraceus Ng & Kottelat 2009 -- (Darshan et al. 2011:2177 [ref. 31641], Ng & Pethiyagoda 2013:168 [ref. 33011], Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mystus cineraceus Ng & Kottelat 2009. Bagridae. Distribution: Middle reaches of Irrawaddy River drainage, northern Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

collettii, Heptapterus Steindachner [F.] 1881:98 [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 18 (no. 11) (for 5 May 1881); ref. 20484] Maldonado or Rio de la Plata [in error]. Actual locality is Asia. Syntypes: (several) NMW 46191 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:99 [ref. 29155]. Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1881:7, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [ref. 14299]. Bockmann & de Pinna 2004 [ref. 27907] refer the species to the Asian genus Olyra and comment on the original type locality. •Valid as Myoglanis collettii (Steindachner 1881) -- (Burgess 1989:276 [ref. 12860], Menni 2004:83 [ref. 28131] as colletti, Nión et al. 2016:33 [ref. 35565]). •Valid as Heptapterus collettii Steindachner 1881 -- (Bockmann & Guazzelli in Reis et al. 2003:413 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:62 [ref. 27366]). •In genus Olyra and may be a synonym of Olyra longicaudata McClelland 1842 -- (Bockmann & de Pinna 2004:671 [ref. 27907], Kottelat 2013:264 [ref. 32989]). •Species inquirendae in Olyra -- (Ferraris 2007:99 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Olyra longicaudata McClelland 1842 -- (Ng et al. 2014:271 [ref. 33353]). Current status: Synonym of Olyra longicaudata McClelland 1842. Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

collinus, Leiocassis Ng [H. H.] & Lim [K. K. P.] 2006:166, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 17 (no. 2); ref. 28701] Sungai Palum Tambun, tributary of Sungai Segama, upstream of Danum Valley Field Center, Segama River drainage, Danum Valley, Sabah, Malaysia, Borneo. Holotype: ZRC 46154. Paratypes: BMNH 2005.11.2.1 (1); FMNH 68005 (1), 68006 (3); SBM (= MUS) uncat. (2). Type catalog: Ng & Kim 2008:31 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Leiocassis collina Ng & Lim 2006 -- (Ferraris 2007:443 [ref. 29155] as collinus, Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32989], Ng & Tan 2018:334 [ref. 36208]). Current status: Valid as Leiocassis collina Ng & Lim 2006. Bagridae. Distribution: Kalabakan and Segama River basins, Sabah, northeastern Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

colvillii, Macrones Günther [A.] 1874:36 [1], Pl. 8 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 14 (no. 79) (art. 8); ref. 18197] Tigris River at Baghdad, Iraq. Syntypes: BMNH 1874.4.28.6-8 (3), 1875.1.14.19-21 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155]. On p. 1 of separate. •Valid as Macrones colvillii Günther 1874 -- (Anuradha 1987 [ref. 20809] with a "holotype" [= a syntype]). •Valid as Mystus colvillii (Günther 1874) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Mystus pelusius (Solander 1794) -- (Coad 1991:19 [ref. 15702], Roberts 1994:243 [ref. 21568], Coad 1995:24 [ref. 23608], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890] with question, Fricke et al. 2007:54 [ref. 29533], Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155], Esmaeili et al. 2010:373 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:889 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus pelusius (Solander 1794). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

convexirostrum, Batasio Darshan [A.], Anganthoibi [N.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2011:53, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 2901; ref. 31332] Mat River, tributary of Koladyne River, near Mat bridge, 22°54'N, 92°52'E, Lunglei District, Mizora state, India. Holotype: MUMF 9525. Paratypes: MUMF 9526 (11), 9529 (6) •Valid as Batasio convexirostrum Darshan, Anganthoibi & Vishwanath 2011 -- (Kottelat 2013:257 [ref. 32989], Plamoottil 2015:1806 [ref. 33977]). Current status: Valid as Batasio convexirostrum Darshan, Anganthoibi & Vishwanath 2011. Bagridae. Distribution: Mat River, Koladyne River basin, India. Habitat: freshwater.

corsula, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:408 (or 419) [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] 22 miles northeast of Sylhet on Sylhet-Shillong highway, Sharighat bazaar, Suarma (Meghna) drainage, Bangladesh. Neotype: UMMZ 208726. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155]. See account of Pimelodus corsula (Hamilton 1822). Neotype designated by Ng & Ferraris 2000:132 [ref. 25041]. •Synonym of Mystus menoda (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:75 [ref. 26894] dating to 1839, Jayaram 2006:60 [ref. 28762]). •Objective synonym of Hemibagrus menoda (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ng & Ferraris 2000:130 [ref. 25041], Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:224 [ref. 32495], Ng & Kottelat 2013:221 [ref. 32495]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus menoda (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

corsula, Macrones Day [F.] 1869:307 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 2) (art. 3) (for 13 May 1869); ref. 14094] Mahanuddi River at Cuttack, India. Syntypes: (3) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155]. Apparently available as above; see Pimelodus corsula Hamilton 1822. Day notes, "Hamilton Buchanan has given an engraving of this species; but the description was omitted from the `Fishes of the Ganges.'" But name apparently dates to Valenciennes 1840 (see Ng & Ferraris 2000:132 [ref. 25041], Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus menoda (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ataur Rahman 2003:219 [ref. 31338], Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus menoda (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

corsula, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:no page number, Pl. 1 (fig. 72) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] India. The typeset name on the plate was Mugil corsula, corrected by errata bound with plates of CAS copy as, "Plate I. for Mugil corsula read Pimelodus; the Mugil corsula being delineated Plate IX. fig. 97." It could be argued that Hamilton just identified the figure to genus, in which case the specific name is not available; Hamilton did not describe a Pimelodus with the name corsula in the text (1822) [but P. menoda (p. 203, 279) might be the corresponding species]. If Pimelodus corsula in not regarded as available from Hamilton 1822, Pl. 1, then the name dates Valenciennes 1840 as Bagrus corsula (see Ng & Ferraris 2000:130 [ref. 25041], Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155]). Neotype designated for Bagrus corsula by Ng & Ferraris 2000:130 [ref. 25041]. •Synonym of Hemibagrus menoda (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ng & Ferraris 2000:130 [ref. 25041], Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155]). •See Bagrus corsula Valenciennes 1840. Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus menoda (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

crassilabris, Liocassis Günther [A.] 1864:88 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.7.9.9. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Leiocassis. •Valid as Pelteobagrus crassilabris (Günther 1864) -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Leiocassis crassilabris Günther 1864 -- (Zheng et al. 1989:280 [ref. 21202], Gao in Pan et al. 1991:304 [ref. 23876], Li in Ding 1994:457 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:145 [ref. 25213], Cheng & Zhou 1997:210 [ref. 26385], Yang in Chen 1998:283 [ref. 23556], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:45 [ref. 24534], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155], Zhang et al. 2016:183 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus crassilabris (Günther 1864) -- (Chenget al. 2009:67 [ref. 30165]). •Valid as Tachysurus crassilabris (Günther 1864) -- (Kottelat 2013:267 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus crassilabris (Günther 1864). Bagridae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

crassirostris, Liocassis Regan [C. T.] 1913:552 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 11 (no. 66); ref. 14980] Kia-tiang-fu, Sze Chuen, China. Syntypes: BMNH 1891.6.13.23 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Leiocassis. •Valid as Pelteobagrus crassirostris (Regan 1913) -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:136 [ref. 19952]). •Synonym of Leiocassis crassilabris Günther 1864 -- (Li in Ding 1994:458 [ref. 21531]). •Valid as Liocassis crassirostris Regan 1913 -- (Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Tachysurus crassilabris (Günther 1864) -- (Kottelat 2013:267 [ref. 32989] with question), Current status: Synonym of Tachysurus crassilabris (Günther 1864). Bagridae. Distribution: Sichuan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

cruciger, Arius Owen [R.] 1853:26 [Descriptive catalogue of the osteological series; ref. 4988] Ganges River. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155]. Original name as cruciger. •Synonym of Rita rita (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:197 [ref. 24904], Jayaram 2006:19 [ref. 28762]). •Species inquirenda in Rita -- (Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Rita rita (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dayi, Macrones Vinciguerra [D.] 1890:230, Pl. 7 (fig. 3) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 9; ref. 4520] Myanmar. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.2.16.8 (1) Meetan, MSNG 14586 (1), NMW 45184 (1), RMNH 10225 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:307 [ref. 10351], Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Batasio tengana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:551 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:212 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Batasio dayi (Vinciguerra 1890) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2001:500 [ref. 25746], Bhatt & Jayaram 2004:1342 [ref. 27473], Ng 2004:67 [ref. 27646], Ng & Edds 2004:295 [ref. 27993], Vishwanath & Darshan 2006:2162 [ref. 28454], Ng 2006:101 [ref. 28588], Jayaram 2006:82 [ref. 28762], Arunachalam & Muralidharan 2007:2680 [ref. 29123], Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2008:298 [ref. 29391], Ng 2008:1 [ref. 29713], Darshan et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31332], Kottelat 2013:257 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Batasio dayi (Vinciguerra 1890). Bagridae. Distribution: Salween and Irrawaddy River basins, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

degeni, Bagrus Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:438 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Entebbe, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Syntypes: (7) BMNH 1906.5.30.172 (1), 1906.5.30.173-177 (5). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Bagrus degeni Boulenger 1906 -- (Risch 1986:12 [ref. 6190], Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:128 [ref. 19952], Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]). •See Seegers et al. 2003:36 [ref. 28087]. Current status: Valid as Bagrus degeni Boulenger 1906. Bagridae. Distribution: Eastern Africa, Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

diaphina, Ageniosus (Silonia) Swainson [W.] 1839:305 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Atreyi [Atrai] River, North Bengal, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155]. Based on Ham. p. 162. 7, fig. 50 -- which is Hamilton 1822:162 [actual 160-162], Pl. 7 (fig. 50). Unneeded new name for, and objective synonym of Pimelodus chandramara Hamilton 1822. Original genus should have been Ageneiosus. •Synonym of Chandramara chandramara (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Chandramara chandramara (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

dibrugarensis, Macrones montanus var. Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1913:254, Pl. 9 (figs. 2, 2a-b) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 8 (pt 3); ref. 819] Dibrugarh, Assam, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI F7795/1. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus dibrugarensis (Chaudhuri 1913) -- (Grant 1999:172 [ref. 24293] with question). •Synonym of Mystus montanus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:567 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:205 [ref. 24904], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:82 [ref. 26894], Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Mystus dibrugarensis (Chaudhuri 1913) -- (Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Darshan et al. 2011:2177 [ref. 31641] as cf. dibargarensis, Gurung et al. 2013:4883 [ref. 32969]). Current status: Valid as Mystus dibrugarensis (Chaudhuri 1913). Bagridae. Distribution: Assam, India. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

divaricatus, Hemibagrus Ng [H. H.] & Kottelat [M.] 2013:254, Fig. 34 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 61 (no. 1); ref. 32495] Perak, Sangai Perak at Kampung Kenderong, 3 km from Gerik, 5°24'52.5"N, 101°09'05.1 E, Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 41151. Paratypes: CAS 114179 (1), 114252 (1), 131002 (1); MNHN 1884-96 (2). •Valid as Hemibagrus divaricatus Ng & Kottelat 2013 -- (Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:529 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus divaricatus Ng & Kottelat 2013. Bagridae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Perak River drainage, Malaya (Malaysia). Habitat: freshwater.

docmac, Porcus Geoffroy St. Hilaire [E.] 1809:[326], Pl. 15 (figs. 3-4) [Poissons du Nil v. 1 (part 1); ref. 4182] Text published in 1827:304 [ref. 4185]. The page number is from a different edition. Bagridae.

docmak, Silurus Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:65, xiii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Lower Nile river delta, Egypt. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]. Spelled dogmak in Bonnaterre 1788:153 [ref. 4940]; docmac in Gmelin 1789:1356 [ref. 18139] and Lacepède 1801:95 [ref. 4930], but docmak in the original description. •Valid as Bagrus docmak (Forsskål 1775) -- (Bailey & Stewart 1984:37 [ref. 5232], Risch 1986:10 [ref. 6190], Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:128 [ref. 19952], Lévèque et al. 1991:142 [ref. 31367], Risch in Lévêque et al. 1992:399 [ref. 21590], Diogo et al. 1999:209 [ref. 27288], Dankwa et al. 1999:32 [ref. 28023], Diogo & Chardon 2000:459 [ref. 27289], De Vos et al. 2001:130, 131 [ref. 26059], Seegers et al. 2003:36 [ref. 28087], Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155], Vreven & Risch 2007:581 [ref. 30027], Kullander & Roberts 2012:369 [ref. 31751], Neumann et al. 2016:305 [ref. 35036]). Current status: Valid as Bagrus docmak (Forsskål 1775). Bagridae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

dongbacensis, Hemibagrus Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:631, Fig. 48 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Ky Cung River, Lang Son, Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTS I, Bac Ninh. Paratypes: (1). Different authorship given in caption to Figure 48. •Synonym of Hemibagrus guttatus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2013:217 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus guttatus (Lacepède 1803). Bagridae. Distribution: Ky Cung River, Lang Son and Gâm River, Tuyên Quang, Vietnam (in valid). Habitat: freshwater.

doriae, Liocassis Regan [C. T.] 1913:551 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 11 (no. 66); ref. 14980] Borneo [Sarawak] Holotype (unique): BMNH 1868.1.28.30. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Leiocassis. •Tentatively a synonym of Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1989:117 [ref. 6439]). •Questionably a synonym of Leiocassis poecilopterus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1993:27 [ref. 21799]). •Valid as Liocassis doriae Regan 1913 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:139 [ref. 19952], Kottelat & Lim 1995:238 [ref. 23210]). •Species inquirenda in Liocassis -- (Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852). Bagridae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

dumerili, Rhinobagrus Bleeker [P.] 1864:7 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 2; ref. 405] China. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]. Apparently predates longirostris Günther 1864 -- see Rendahl 1927 [ref. 26321]. Date of February 1864 given for Günther and April 1864 for Bleeker in Lee & Kim 1990:133 [ref. 24033]. •Synonym of Leiocassis longirostris Günther 1864 -- (Lee & Kim 1990:133 [ref. 24033], Kim 1997:565 [ref. 24032], Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Tachysurus dumerili (Bleeker 1864) -- (Kottelat 2013:267 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus dumerili (Bleeker 1864). Bagridae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

ellenriederii, Leiocassis Bleeker [P.] 1860:10 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 8 (art. 3); ref. 376] Lahat, Palembang Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes (?): (3) BMNH 1863.12.4.156 (1), RMNH 6874 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155]. For possible syntypes and images see Grant 2009 [ref. 30132]. •Synonym of Pseudomystus stenomus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155], Grant 2009:16 [ref. 30132], Kottelat 2013:266 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudomystus stenomus (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

elongata, Olyra Günther [A.] 1883:140 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 11 (no. 62); ref. 14339] Tenasserim Provinces, Burma. Syntypes: BMNH 1880.12.1.64-67 (7?). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:99 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Olyra kempi Chaudhuri 1912 -- (Burgess 1989:154 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:172 [ref. 24860], Mo 1991:134 [ref. 19952]). •Species inquirenda in Olyra -- (Ferraris 2007:99 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Olyra longicaudata McClelland 1842 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:695 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:264 [ref. 24904], Brockmann & de Pinna 2004:671 [ref. 27907], Kottelat 2013:264 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Olyra burmanica Day 1872 -- (Ng et al. 2014:270 [ref. 33353], Ng & Ferraris 2016:386 [ref. 34194]). Current status: Synonym of Olyra burmanica Day 1872. Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Batasio Ng [H. H.] 2004:68, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 15 (no. 1); ref. 27646] Baw Di Chaung drainage, Baw Di Chaung at Baw Di bridge, 20 miles from Gwa on road to Ngathaingchaung, 17°34'15"N, 94°43'47"E, Rakhine State, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 40748. Paratypes: NRM 40832 (15). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155]. Holotype listed as NRM 40927 in Ng & Kottelat 2007:299 [ref. 29391]. •Valid as Batasio elongatus Ng 2004 -- (Ng & Edds 2004:295 [ref. 27993], Vishwanath & Darshan 2006:2162 [ref. 28454], Ng 2006:101 [ref. 28588], Jayaram 2006:83 [ref. 28762], Arunachalam & Muralidharan 2007:2680 [ref. 29123], Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155], Ng 2008:1 [ref. 29713], Darshan et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31332], Kottelat 2013:257 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Batasio elongatus Ng 2004. Bagridae. Distribution: Baw Di Chaung and Kanamae Chaung drainages, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Macrones Günther [A.] 1864:77 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Singapore [probably China]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.1099. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemibagrus elongatus (Günther 1864) -- (Mai 1978:250 [ref. 13511], Mo 1991:132 [ref. 19952], Ng & Ng 1995:136 [ref. 21730]). •Tentatively a synonym of Hemibagrus guttatus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Kottelat et al. 1998:569 [ref. 23920]). •Valid as Mystus elongatus (Günther 1864) -- (Ni & Wu in Kuang et al. 1986:174 [ref. 26639], Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:55 [ref. 26894]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus guttatus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:208 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989]). •Not treated in Zhang et al. 2016:182 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus guttatus (Lacepède 1803). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

emarginatus, Liocassis Regan [C. T.] 1913:553 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 11 (no. 66); ref. 14980] Kia-tiang-fu, Sze Chuen [Sichuan] Province, China. Syntypes: BMNH 1891.6.13.21 (4). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Leiocassis. •Valid as Pseudobagrus emarginatus (Regan 1913) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Li in Ding 1994:467 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:147 [ref. 25213], Yang in Chen 1998:288 [ref. 23556], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:63 [ref. 24534], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Zhang et al. 2016:185 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Pseudobagrus pratti (Günther 1892) -- (Watanabe 1995:321 [ref. 22181], Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Tachysurus emarginatus (Regan 1913). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus emarginatus (Regan 1913). Bagridae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

emarginatus, Pseudobagrus Sowerby [A. de C.] 1921:1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 60 (no. 2408); ref. 15330] Mouth of the Hun Kiang, in Yalu River, southern Manchuria, China. Holotype (unique): USNM 76716. Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:12 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Pseudobagrus by Leiocassis emarginatus Regan 1913. •Synonym of Leiocassis ussuriensis (Dybowski 1872) -- (Lee & Kim 1990:130 [ref. 24033], Kim 1997:565 [ref. 24032]). •Synonym of Peltobagrus ussuriensis (Dybowski 1872) -- (following current status of ussuriensis) -- (Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). Current status: Synonym of Tachysurus ussuriensis (Dybowski 1872). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

eupogoides, Pseudobagrus Wu [H.-W.] 1930:51, Fig. 3 [Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China. (Zoological Series) v. 6 (no. 5); ref. 16346] Szechwan, China. Holotype (unique): not researched. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pelteobagrus eupogoides (Wu 1930) -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860]). •In Pseudobagrus -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:14 [ref. 29148]). •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

eupogon, Pseudobagrus Boulenger [G. A.] 1892:247 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 9 (no. 51); ref. 14507] Shanghai, China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1891.1.31.19. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155]. •In Pseudobagrus -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:14 [ref. 29148]). •Valid as Pelteobagrus eupogon (Boulenger 1892) -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:136 [ref. 19952], Li in Ding 1994:450 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:144 [ref. 25213], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:39 [ref. 24534], Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155], Zhang et al. 2016:184 [ref. 34477]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus eupogon (Boulenger 1892). Bagridae. Distribution: Yangtze River basin, China. Habitat: freshwater.

falcarius, Mystus Chakrabarty [P.] & Ng [H. H.] 2005:13, Figs. 3c, 7 [Zootaxa No. 1093; ref. 28556] Myitkyina market, Kachin State, Myanmar. Holotype: CAS 89001. Paratypes: BMNH 1891.11.39.210-219 (13); CAS 79033 (2), 89000 (4), 92932 (1), 96569 (1); USNM 343550 (1), 344668 (6). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus falcarius Chakrabarty & Ng 2005 -- (Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2009:248 [ref. 30202], Darshan et al. 2011:2177 [ref. 31641], Ng & Pethiyagoda 2013:168 [ref. 33011], Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mystus falcarius Chakrabarty & Ng 2005. Bagridae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

fangi, Pseudobagrus Wu [H.-W.] 1930:84, Fig. 8 [Sinensia v. 1 (no. 6); ref. 16240] Lo-Shan (formerly Kiating), Szechwan, China. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Pelteobagrus vachellii (Richardson 1846) -- (Li in Ding 1994:451 [ref. 21531], Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155]). •In Pseudobagrus -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:14 [ref. 29148]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Synonym of Tachysurus achellii (Richardson 1846) -- (Kottelat 2013:268 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Tachysurus vachellii (Richardson 1846). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciatus, Mystus Meuschen [F. C.] 1778:38 [Museum Gronovianum; ref. 17682] Original not seen. Not available, published in a rejected work (Opinion 260). Bagridae.

fasciolatus, Batasio Ng [H. H.] 2006:107, Fig. 4 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 68 (suppl. A); ref. 28588] Market at Malbazar, 26°32'30"N, 88°44'17"E, West Bengal, India. Holotype: UMMZ 244798. Paratypes: BMNH 1988.4.11.14 (1); UMMZ 244797 (1), 244799 (1). •Valid as Batasio fasciolatus Ng 2006 -- (Arunachalam & Muralidharan 2007:2680 [ref. 29123], Ferraris 2007:442 [ref. 29155], Ng 2008:1 [ref. 29713], Ng 2009:253 [ref. 30216], Darshan et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31332], Gurung et al. 2013:4883 [ref. 32969], Plamoottil 2015:1806 [ref. 33977]). Current status: Valid as Batasio fasciolatus Ng 2006. Bagridae. Distribution: Tista River basin, Brahmaputra River system, India and Bhutan. Habitat: freshwater.

feruminatus, Batasio Ng [H. H.] & Kottelat [M.] 2008:295, Fig. 7 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 18 (no. 4) [for 2007]; ref. 29391] Stream "Chon Son" between Kyondaw and Phadaw, about 20 kilometers northwest of Payathonzu, at border with Thailand, 15°25'N, 98°15'E, Ataran drainage, Kayin State, Myanmar. Holotype: ZRC 50716. Paratypes: CMK 17781 (2), ZRC 50717 (1). Type catalog: Ng & Kim 2008:21 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Batasio feruminatus Ng & Kottelat 2008 -- (Ng 2008:1 [ref. 29713], Ng & Kim 2008:24 [ref. 29920] dated 2007, Darshan et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31332], Kottelat 2013:257 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Batasio feruminatus Ng & Kottelat 2008. Bagridae. Distribution: Ataran River drainage, southern Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

filamentosus, Bagrus Pellegrin [J.] 1924:462 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 30 (no. 6); ref. 15561] Niger River at Ségou, southern Mali, western Africa. Holotype: MNHN 1924-0215. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:25 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155] •Valid as Bagrus filamentosus Pellegrin 1924 -- (Risch 1986:12 [ref. 6190], Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:128 [ref. 19952], Risch in Lévêque et al. 1992:400 [ref. 21590], Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Bagrus filamentosus Pellegrin 1924. Bagridae. Distribution: Niger River, Mali. Habitat: freshwater.

filamentus, Macrones (Hemibagrus) Fang [P.-W.] & Chaux [J.] in Chaux & Fang 1949:200, Fig. 4 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 21 (no. 2); ref. 13004] Cambodia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1966-0728. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155]. •Questionably a synonym of Mystus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1989:122 [ref. 6439]). •Valid as Mystus filamentus (Fang & Chaux 1949) -- (Rainboth 1996:141 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Hemibagrus filamentus (Fang & Chaux 1949) -- (Ng & Rainboth 1999:557 [ref. 24608], Kottelat 2001:122 [ref. 25780], Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:238 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:46 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus filamentus (Fang & Chaux 1949). Bagridae. Distribution: Xe Bangfai and Mekong basin: Laos, Thailand and Cambodia. Habitat: freshwater.

flavipinnis, Pseudomystus Ng [H. H.] & Rachmatika [I.] 1999:175, Fig. 5 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 47 (no. 1); ref. 23964] Sungai Embaloh at Benua Marinus, Kalimantan Barat, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 6593. Paratypes: MNHN 1891-0475 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudomystus flavipinnis Ng & Rachmatika 1999 -- (Ng & Lim 2005:16 [ref. 28081], Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155], Kim & Ng 2008:45 [ref. 29456], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus flavipinnis Ng & Rachmatika 1999. Bagridae. Distribution: Kapuas River basin, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

flavus, Bagrus Bleeker [P.] 1846:28 [156] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 15897 (1 of 4). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:8 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:14 [ref. 29864], Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155] Appeared later in Bleeker 1846:156 [ref. 5872]. Placed on Official List in Opinion 2011. •Synonym of Hemibagrus planiceps (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ng & Ng 1995:135 [ref. 21730], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:173 [ref. 23964], Tan & Ng 1999:276 [ref. 24254], Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus planiceps (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

flavus, Batasio Plamoottil [M.] 2015:1800, Figs. 1-3 [Journal of Research in Biology v. 5 (no. 5); ref. 33977] Kerala, Manimala River at Paduthode, India. Holotype: ZSI/ANRC 12228. Paratypes: ZSI/ANRC 12229 (3). •Valid as Batasio flavus Plamoottil 2015. Current status: Valid as Batasio flavus Plamoottil 2015. Bagridae. Distribution: Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

flavus, Hyalobagrus Ng [H. H.] & Kottelat [M.] 1998:340, Fig. 6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 9 (no. 4); ref. 23660] Danau Arang Arang in the vicinity of Muara Kompeh, 1°37'32"S, 103°47'19"E, Jambi Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 9302. Paratypes: BMNH 1998.3.31.1-4 (4); CMK 11279 (1), 14414 (4); MZB 9303 (9); ZMH 8934 (5); ZRC 41967-68 (19, 65). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:30 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Hyalobagrus flavus Ng & Kottelat 1998 -- (Tan & Ng 1999:277 [ref. 24254], Kottelat 2013:260 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hyalobagrus flavus Ng & Kottelat 1998. Bagridae. Distribution: Sumatra and southern Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

fluviatilis, Duxordia Tickell [S. R.] in Day 1888:805 [The fishes of India Suppl.; ref. 1082] Not available, manuscript name mentioned in synonymy of Leiocassis fluviatilis. Bagridae.

fluviatilis, Leiocassis Day [F.] (ex Tickell) 1888:805 [The fishes of India Suppl.; ref. 1082] Anin stream, near Weywoon [Wewun] 15°35'N, 97°43'E. Wagroo, Tenasserim, Myanmar. Syntypes: (4) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:157 [ref. 23762], Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155] We assume Day revised the description in his style and may have taken information from the figure rather than quoting directly from Tickell. •Synonym of Batasio tengana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:551 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:211 [ref. 24904]). •Questionably a synonym of Batasio affinis Blyth 1860 -- (Ng & Kottelat 2001:497 [ref. 25746], Jayaram 2006:80 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Batasio fluviatilis (Day 1888) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2008:293 [ref. 29391], Ng 2008:1 [ref. 29713], Darshan et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31332], Kottelat 2013:257 [ref. 32989], Plamoottil 2015:1806 [ref. 33977], Ng et al. 2019:529 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Batasio fluviatilis (Day 1888). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Thailand, and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

fluviatilis, Mystus Klein [J. T.] 1775 [Neuer Schauplatz v. 1; ref. 2618] Still researching. •Species inquirenda in Claroteidae or Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:164 [ref. 29155]). Bagridae.

fortis, Macrones Popta [C. M. L.] 1904:185 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (no. 4) (art. 6) (for Oct. 1902); ref. 3547] Bo River, Central Borneo. Syntypes: RMNH 7551 (4). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155]. •Status uncertain, in Hemibagrus -- (Ng & Ng 1995:135 [ref. 21730]). •Synonym of Mystus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:86 [ref. 26894]). •Valid as Hemibagrus fortis (Popta 1904) -- (Parenti & Lim 2005:189 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:602 [ref. 36226]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus fortis (Popta 1904). Bagridae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

fui, Pseudobagrus Miao [C.-P.] 1934:217, Fig. 45 [Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China. (Zoological Series) v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 13903] Chinkiang, China. Holotype: SSCN 13170. Paratypes: SSCN 13161-69 (9), 20011-20064 (54). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pelteobagrus fui (Miao 1934) -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860]). •In Pseudobagrus -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:14 [ref. 29148]). •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus fui Miao 1934 -- (Cheng et al. 2009:56 [ref. 30165], Zhang et al. 2016:185 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Tachysurus fui (Miao 1934). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus fui (Miao 1934). Bagridae. Distribution: Upper Yangtze River andiits tributaries, China. Habitat: freshwater.

fulvidraco, Pimelodus Richardson [J.] 1846:286 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton [= Guangzhou], China. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155]. Appeared as Pimelodus? fulvi-draco. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:210, Pl. 1b [ref. 11606]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus fulvidraco (Richardson 1846) -- (Berg 1949:910 [ref. 20661], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:404 [ref. 25598], Lee & Kim 1990:120 [ref. 24033], Kim 1997:321 [ref. 24032], Han et al. 2001:74 [ref. 25338], Kim & Park 2002:235 [ref. 25913], Youn 2002:184, 522 [ref. 26218], Watanabe & Nishida 2003:143 [ref. 26822]). •Valid as Pelteobagrus fulvidraco (Richardson 1846) -- (Wang 1984:84 [ref. 22951], Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860], Zheng et al. 1989:277 [ref. 21202], Gao in Pan et al. 1991:298 [ref. 23876], Mo 1991:136 [ref. 19952], Li in Ding 1994:450 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:144 [ref. 25213], Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:52 [ref. 22798], Cheng & Zhou 1997:206 [ref. 26385], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:745 [ref. 24702], Naseka 1998:105 [ref. 23590], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:36 [ref. 24534], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Kottelat 2001:52 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2001:125 [ref. 25780], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373] as flavidrao, Wang et al. 2001:183 [ref. 26566], Naseka & Bogutskaya 2004:285 [ref. 27838], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:119 [ref. 28183], Ng & Freyhof 2007:15 [ref. 29148], Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155], Zhang et al. 2016:184 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Tachysurus fuvidraco (Richardson 1846) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2007:35 [ref. 29362], Ng 2009:24 [ref. 30544], Parin et al. 2014:106 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus fulvidraco (Richardson 1846). Bagridae. Distribution: Eastern Asia, possibly only southern China (see Ng & Kottelat 2007:35 [ref. 29362]). Habitat: freshwater.

fumosus, Pseudomystus Ng [H. H.] & Lim [K. K. P.] 2005:11, 2b, 3a, 6 [Zootaxa No. 851; ref. 28081] Kuala Tahan, Taman Negara, Pahang, Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 3229. Paratypes: UMKL [= BIRCUM] 4428 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:37 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Pseudomystus fumosus Ng & Lim 2005 -- (Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155], Kim & Ng 2008:45 [ref. 29456], Ng 2008:98 [ref. 29540], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus fumosus Ng & Lim 2005. Bagridae. Distribution: Upper Pahang River drainage, eastern Peninsular Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

funebris, Pseudomystus Ng [H. H.] 2010:87, Figs. 1, 2a, 4a [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 58 (no. 1); ref. 30732] Rungan River drainage in the vicinity of Tangkiling, 2°01'S, 113°44'E, Kalimantan Tengah, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 17181. Paratypes: MZB 17182 (11); UMMZ 248771 (12); ZRC 51845 (13), 51846 (4). •Valid as Pseudomystus funebris Ng 2010 -- (Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus funebris Ng 2010. Bagridae. Distribution: Rungan River, Kahayan River drainage, Borneo. Habitat: marine.

furcatus, Hemibagrus Ng [H. H.], Martin-Smith [K. M.] & Ng [P. K. L.] 2000:66, Figs. 1, 2a, 3 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 24934] Sungai Segama, Danum Valley Conservation Area, Lahad Datu District, Sabah, Malaysia, Borneo. Holotype: SBM (= MUS) uncat. Paratypes: CAS 210089 (1); CMK 15119 (1); SBM (= MUS) (1); ZRC 40523-28 (2, 1, 2, 4, 6, 2), 40588 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:28 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Hemibagrus furcatus Ng, Martin-Smith & Ng 2000 -- (Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus baramensis (Regan 1906) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2013:208 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus baramensis (Regan 1906). Bagridae. Distribution: Sengei River basin, eastern Borneo (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

fuscus, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:417 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Around Cananor, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0590. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:27 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Mystus gulio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:57 [ref. 26894] dating to 1839, Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus gulio (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

fuscus, Leiocassis Popta [C. M. L.] 1904:186 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (no. 4) (art. 6) (for Oct. 1902); ref. 3547] Upper Mahakam River, Borneo. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7555. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Leiocassis fuscus Popta 1904 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:63 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Pseudomystus fuscus (Popta 1904) -- (Mo 1991:140 [ref. 19952], Kottelat & Lim 1995:239 [ref. 23210], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:176 [ref. 23964], Ng & Tan 1999:359 [ref. 24159], Tan & Ng 1999:280 [ref. 24254], Ng & Siebert 2005:6 [ref. 28064], Parenti & Lim 2005:190 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155], Kim & Ng 2008:45 [ref. 29456]). •Valid as Nanobagrus fuscus (Popta 1904) -- (Ng 2008:98 [ref. 29540], Thomson et al. 2008:67 [ref. 29733], Ng 2010:60 [ref. 31047], Kottelat 2013:264 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:35 [ref. 35802], Ng 2018:40 [ref. 35871]). Current status: Valid as Nanobagrus fuscus (Popta 1904). Bagridae. Distribution: Eastern Borneo to southern central Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

gogra, Phractocephalus Sykes [W. H.] 1839:164 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Deccan, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155]. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:61 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:374, Pl. 66 (fig. 1) [ref. 18868]. •Incorrectly treated as a synonym of Rita pavimentatus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:577 [ref. 20764] with wrong date, Menon 1999:197 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Rita gogra (Sykes 1839) -- (Burgess 1989:66 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:142 [ref. 19952], Ferraris 1999:21 [ref. 23839], Ng 2004:1 [ref. 27758], Jayaram 2006:15 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155], Lal et al. 2017:80 [ref. 34862]). Current status: Valid as Rita gogra (Sykes 1839). Bagridae. Distribution: Krishna, Godavari and Narmada River basins, India. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilis, Hemibagrus Ng [P. K. L.] & Ng [H. H.] 1995:136, Figs. 1-3, 4A [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 43 (no. 1); ref. 21730] Sungei Jasin, Ulu Endau, Johor, Peninsular Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 21484. Paratypes: ZRC 8293 (1), 8294-95 (2), 8296 (1), 8726-28 (3), 8752-53 (2), 8757 (1), 8758-59 (2), 21482 (1), 21485-87 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:28 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Hemibagrus gracilis Ng & Ng 1995 -- (Burgess & Finley 1996:163 [ref. 22901], Howe 1998:188 [ref. 25506], Ng & Tan 1999:357 [ref. 24159], Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:256 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus gracilis Ng & Ng 1995. Bagridae. Distribution: Peninsular Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilis, Pseudobagrus Li [J.], Chen [X.-G.] & Chan [B. P. L.] 2005:50, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa No. 1067; ref. 28390] Guilin City, Zhujiang basin, Lijiang drainage, 29°55'23"N, 118°28'12"E, Guangxi Province, China. Holotype: SCNU 0410002. Paratypes: SCNU 0410007-09 (3), 0411008 (1), 0411010 (3); UF 149607 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus gracilis Li, Chen & Chan 2005 -- (Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155], Cheng et al. 2008:118 [ref. 29608], Zhang et al. 2016:185 [ref. 34477]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Trachyurus gracilis (Li, Chen & Chan 2005). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus gracilis Li, Chen & Chan 2005. Bagridae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

gulio, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:201, 379, Pl. 23 (fig. 66) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Higher parts of Gangetic estuaries. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus gulio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:204 [ref. 24860], Pethiyagoda 1991:147 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:560 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:130 [ref. 19952], Kottelat et al. 1993:66 [ref. 23448], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:216 [ref. 24016], Indra 1994:419 [ref. 24015], Kottelat & Lim 1995:239 [ref. 23210], Rema Devi et al. 1996:136 [ref. 24021], Rema Devi et al. 1999:159 [ref. 24758], Menon 1999:201 [ref. 24904], Mishra et al. 1999:83 [ref. 25315], Tan & Ng 1999:278 [ref. 24254], Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Freyhof et al. 2000:96 [ref. 25184], Rafique 2000:325 [ref. 25220], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:185 [ref. 25703], Kottelat 2001:52 [ref. 25482], Rema-Devi 2001:297 [ref. 25883], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:57 [ref. 26894], Mirza 2003:17 [ref. 27265], Khan 2003:7 [ref. 27710], Yadav 2003:19 [ref. 27711], Jayaram 2006:42 [ref. 28762], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155], Shrestha 2008:150 [ref. 29923], Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:233 [ref. 29985], Ng & Kottelat 2009:248 [ref. 30202], Darshan et al. 2011:2177 [ref. 31641], Ng 2012:58 [ref. 32092], Liu et al. 2012:648 [ref. 32220], Ng 2012:76 [ref. 32464], Plamoottil & Abraham 2013:43 [ref. 32983], Ng & Pethiyagoda 2013:169 [ref. 33011], Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989], Plamoottil 2016:1974 [ref. 34462], Sudasinghe et al. 2016:171 [ref. 34902], Sulaiman et al. 2018:44 [ref. 35802], Suresh et al. 2018:117 [ref. 36495], Ng et al. 2019:530 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Mystus gulio (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Distribution: South and Southeast Asia: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, China, Thailand, Malaysia, Brunei and Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

gulioides, Bagrus Bleeker [P.] 1846:24 [152] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 6862 (some of 23). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]. Appeared later in Bleeker 1846:152 [ref. 5872]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:145 [ref. 30423]. •Synonym of Mystus gulio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:57 [ref. 26894], Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Mustes abbreviatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus abbreviatus (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

guttatus, Pimelodus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:96, 111 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] China. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus guttatus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Ni & Wu in Kuang et al. 1986:173 [ref. 26639], Zheng 1989:285 [ref. 21202], Gao in Pan et al. 1991:314 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:148 [ref. 25213], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:72 [ref. 24534]). •Valid as Hemibagrus guttatus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Mo 1991:132 [ref. 19952], Kottelat et al. 1998:567 [ref. 23920], Kottelat 2001:122 [ref. 25780], Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155], Liu et al. 2012:648 [ref. 322220], Ng & Kottelat 2013:216 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:182 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus guttatus (Lacepède 1803). Bagridae. Distribution: China, Laos and Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

hainanensis, Leiocassis Tchang [T.-L.] 1935:175, Fig. 2 [Bulletin of the Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Peiping (Zoology Series) v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 15748] Hainan Island, China. Holotype: ASIZB [now NZMC] 19805 [ex 12904]. Paratype ASIZB [now NZMC] [ex 12903] (1) not in Ye et al. 2015. Type catalog: Zhang 1996:501 [ref. 24036], Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155], Ye et al. 2015:74 [ref. 33808] •Synonym of Mystus elongatus (Günther 1864) -- (Ni & Wu in Kuang et al. 1986:174 [ref. 26639]). •Synonym of Mystus pluriradiatus (Vaillant 1892) -- (Gao in Pan et al. 1991:316 [ref. 23876]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus pluriradiatus (Vaillant 1892) -- (Zhang et al. 2016:182 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Hemibagrus hainanensis (Tchang 1935) -- (Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:266 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989], Ye et al. 2015:74 [ref. 33808]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus hainanensis (Tchang 1935). Bagridae. Distribution: Hainan Island, China. Habitat: freshwater.

halepensis, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:413 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Couiac River, Aleppo, Syria. No types known. Syntypes: BMNH 1955.6.25.1 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus halepensis (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Mystus pelusius (Solander 1794) -- (Coad 1991:18 [ref. 15702], Roberts 1994:243 [ref. 21568], Coad 1995:24 [ref. 23608], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:93 [ref. 26894], Fricke et al. 2007:54 [ref. 29533], Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155], Esmaeili et al. 2010:373 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:889 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus pelusius (Solander 1794). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

hastatus, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:97 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] India. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-0591. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:29 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155]. Type information: Daget 1984:514 [ref. 23265]. Figured on Pl. 18 (fig. 2) of Valenciennes in Jacquemont 1844 [ref. 17872]. •Valid as Rita hastata (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Daget 1984:514 [ref. 23265]). •Synonym of Rita kuturnee (Sykes 1839) -- (Menon 1999:196 [ref. 24904], Jayaram 2006:16 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155], Lal et al. 2017:68 [ref. 34862]). Current status: Synonym of Rita kuturnee (Sykes 1839). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

havmolleri, Mystus Smith [H. M.] 1931:24, Fig. 12 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 79 (no. 2873); ref. 4047] Klong Thalerng near Ban Pon Phibun [Ronpibun], Thailand. Holotype: USNM 90304. Paratypes: KUMF 0171 [ex USNM 90305] (3), USNM 90305 (orig. 6, now 3). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:6 [ref. 23217], Ferraris & Vari 1992:12 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus havmolleri Smith 1931 -- (authors). •Valid as Batasio havmolleri (Smith 1931) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2001:501 [ref. 25746], Bhatt & Jayaram 2004:1342 [ref. 27473], Ng 2004:67 [ref. 27646], Ng & Edds 2004:295 [ref. 27993], Vishwanath & Darshan 2006:2162 [ref. 28454], Ng 2006:101 [ref. 28588], Arunachalam & Muralidharan 2007:2680 [ref. 29123], Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Batasio fluviatilis (Day 1888) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2008:293 [ref. 29391], Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Batasio fluviatilis (Day 1888). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

henryi, Aoria Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1932:432 [Lingnan Science Journal, Canton v. 11 (no. 3); ref. 10975] Canton wholesale fish market, China. Holotype: CAS-SU 25724. Paratypes: BMNH 1933.3.11.861 [from Herre] (1), CAS-SU 69837 [ex 25724] (1), ZSI [ex CAS-SU 25724] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:42 [ref. 12291], Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155] •Valid as Pseudobagrus henryi (Herre 1932) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952] with question). •Questionably a synonym of Pelteobagrus intermedius (Nichols & Pope 1927) -- (Zheng et al. 1989:278 [ref. 21202], Gao in Pan et al. 1991:300 [ref. 23876]). •In Pseudobagrus -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:14 [ref. 29148]). •Synonym of Pelteobagrus intermedias (Nichols & Pope 1927) -- (Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Synonym of Tachysurus intermedius (Nichols & Pope 1927) -- (Kottelat 2013:267 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Tachysurus intermedius (Nichols & Pope 1927). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

heokhuii, Pseudomystus Lim [K. K. P.] & Ng [H. H.] 2008:38, Figs. 1, 2a, 3a, 4a [Zootaxa No. 1686; ref. 29456] Batang Hari drainage at Rantau Panjang, Jambi, Sumatra. Holotype: MZB 10717. Paratypes: (many) at CMK, UMMZ and ZRC. •Valid as Pseudomystus heokhuii Lim & Ng 2008 -- (Ng 2010:90 [ref. 30732], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus heokhuii Lim & Ng 2008. Bagridae. Distribution: Batang Hari and Indragiri river drainages, central Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

heoki, Mystus Plamoottil [M.] & Abraham [N. P.] 2013:47, Figs. 3-5, 6F-7F [Biosystematica v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 32983] Elankadu, Manimala River, Kerula, India. Holotype: ZSI/FF 4623. Paratypes: ZSI/WGRC/2419 (5) Plamoottil 2016:1975 [ref. 34462] has ZSI/FF 4626 as holotype. •Valid as Mystus heoki Plamoottil & Abraham 2013 -0- (Plamoottil & Abraham 2014:239 [ref. 33431], Plamoottil 2016:1975 [ref. 34462]). Current status: Valid as Mystus heoki Plamoottil & Abraham 2013. Bagridae. Distribution: Manimala River, Kerula, India. Habitat: freshwater.

herzensteini, Macrones Berg [L. S.] 1907:421 [4] [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 270] Onon River mouth, Russia. Holotype: ZIN 7092. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155]. On p. 4 of separate. See Naseka & Bogutskaya 2004:287 [ref. 27838]. •Valid as Liocassis herzensteini (Berg 1907) -- (Berg 1949:917 [ref. 20661]). •Valid as Leiocassis herzensteini (Berg 1907) -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:50 [ref. 22798], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:745 [ref. 24702], Naseka 1998:105 [ref. 23590], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus herzensteini (Berg 1907) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:120 [ref. 28183], Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155]). •Mention as Pseudomystus herzenszeini (Berg 1907) -- (Kottelat 2006:90 [ref. 28831]). •Valid as Tachysurus herzensteini (Berg 1907) -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2008:341 [ref. 30085]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus herzensteini (Berg 1907). Bagridae. Distribution: Onon River basin and Khanka basin, eastern Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

heterurus, Bagrus Bleeker [P.] 1846:23 [151] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Western Java, Indonesia. Neotype: RMNH 2951. Appeared later in Bleeker 1846:151 [ref. 5872]. Neotype designated by Roberts1994:252. •Synonym of Mystus nigriceps (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Roberts 1989:122 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Mystus singaringan (Bleeker 1846) -- (Roberts 1994:252 [ref. 21568], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:106 [ref. 26894]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus singaringan (Bleeker 1846). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

hirsutus, Liocassus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1934:285 [Lingnan Science Journal, Canton v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 10988] Wuchow market, Kwangsi, China. Holotype: CAS-SU 13884. Paratypes: CAS-SU 13885 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:42 [ref. 12291], Ferrraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155].. Original genus should have been Leiocassis. •Valid as Leiocassis hirsutus Herre 1934 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Bagroides hirsutus (Herre 1934) -- (Burgess 1989:71 [ref. 12860]). •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Uncertain as Bagroides hirsutus (Herre 1934). Bagridae. Distribution: China [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

hoevenii, Bagrus Bleeker [P.] 1846:26 [154] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Sungai Muar at Kampung Bukit Kebong, Johor, Malaysia [original Jakarta [Batavia], Java, Indonesia]. Neotype: ZRC 37472. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1863,12.4.86 (1), NMV 46173 (1), Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:23 [ref. 29920]. Appeared later in Bleeker 1846:154 [ref. 5872]. Kottelat et al. 1994 [ref. 26797] proposed the designation of a neotype, and the neotype was established in Opinion 1840. See van Oijen et al. 2009:133 [ref. 30423]. •Synonym of Mystus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1989:121 [ref. 6439]). •Valid as Hemibagrus hoevenii (Bleeker 1846) -- (Ng & Ng 1995:133 [ref. 21730], Kottelat & Lim 1995:41 [ref. 23904], Kottelat & Lim 1995:238 [ref. 23210], Ng & Dodson 1999:51 [ref. 23894], Tan & Ng 1999:271 [ref. 24254], Ng & Rainboth 1999:559 [ref. 24608], Ng et al. 2001:361 [ref. 25966], Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:34 [ref. 35802]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus hoevenii (Bleeker 1846). Bagridae. Distribution: Sumatra, Peninsula Malaysia and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

hoi, Aoria Pellegrin [J.] & Fang [P.-W.] 1940:341, Fig. 2 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 64; ref. 17244] Fou-Tcheou, Liao-Toung, China. Holotype: MNHN 1939-0033. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:28 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]. Original genus as Aoria but perhaps Pseudobagrus was intended (p. 342). •Valid as Pelteobagrus hoi (Pellegrin & Fang 1940). •In Pseudobagrus -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:14 [ref. 29148]). •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus hoi (Pellegrin & Fang 1940). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeastern China [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

hongus, Hemibagrus elongatus Mai [D. Y.] 1978:252 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Hông River and Lam River, Vietnam. Syntypes: DVZUT. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemibagrus hongus Mai 1978 -- (Kottelat 2001:51 [ref. 25482], Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus guttatus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2013:216 [ref. 32495]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus guttatus (Lacepède 1803). Bagridae. Distribution: Northern Vietnam (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

horae, Amblyceps Prashad [B.] & Mukerji [D. D.] 1929:173, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 31 (pt 3); ref. 3558] Indawgyi Lake along its western shore near Loimon village, Myitkyina District, Upper Myanmar. Holotype (unique): ZSI F10854/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:126 [ref. 20743], Ferraris 2007:99 [ref. 29155]. Derivation of name not given, should not be corrected. See Das 2003:378 [ref. 27706] with date as 1930. The spelling horae is acceptable; early workers almost certainly Latinized the name first, and then added an 'e' (Art. 31.1.1) [WNE, 12 Mar. 2012] -- we suggest using horae. •Valid as Olyra horae (Prashad & Mukerji 1929) -- (Burgess 1989:154 [ref. 12860] as horai, Talwar & Jhingran 1991:695 [ref. 20764] as horai, Mo 1991:134 [ref. 19952] as horae, Sen 1995:580 [ref. 23778] as horai, Ng & Kottelat 2000:346 [ref. 25076], Karmakar 2000:34 [ref. 25662] as horai, Bockmann & de Pinna 2004:671 [ref. 27907], Jayaram 2006:92 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:99 [ref. 29155], Arunachalam et al. 2013:51 [ref. 32806], Kottelat 2013:264 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2013:270 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2015:156 [ref. 33928], Ng & Ferraris 2016:386 [ref. 34194], Kosygin et al. 2018:593 [ref. 35785]). Current status: Valid as Olyra horae (Prashad & Mukerji 1929). Bagridae. Distribution: India and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

horai, Mystus (Mystus) vittatus Jayaram [K. C.] 1954:536, Fig. 4; Pl. 19. [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 51 (pt 4); ref. 2336] Indus River at Kalabagh, Pakistan. Syntypes: ZSI (4) lost. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. See Das 2003:379 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Mystus horai Jayaram 1954 -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:562 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:130 [ref. 19952], Rafique 2000:325 [ref. 25220], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:61 [ref. 26894], Mirza 2003:17 [ref. 27265], Jayaram 2006:43 [ref. 28762], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:263 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mystus horai Jayaram 1954. Bagridae. Distribution: Indus river system, Pakistan (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

hosii, Liocassis Regan [C. T.] 1906:67 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 18 (no. 103) (art. 14); ref. 15708] Sibu, Sarawak, Borneo, eastern Malaysia. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.10.29.18-22 (6). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Leiocassis. •Questionably a synonym of Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1989:117 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Leiocassis poecilopterus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1993:27 [ref. 21799]). •Species inquirenda in Liocassis -- (Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Leiocassis hosii Regan 1906 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:139 [ref. 19952], Ng & Lim 2006:166 [ref. 28701], Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852) -- (Parenti & Lim 2005:190 [ref. 28285], Ng & Tan 2018:333 [ref. 36208]). Current status: Synonym of Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

howong, Macrones Popta [C. M. L.] 1904:181 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (no. 4) (art. 6) (for Oct. 1902); ref. 3547] Howong River, Mahakam basin, central Borneo. Holotype: RMNH 7547. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155]. •Questionably a synonym of Mystus baramensis (Regan 1906) -- (Roberts 1989:124 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ng & Dodson 1999:49 [ref. 23894]). •Synonym of Mystus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:86 [ref. 26894]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus fortis (Popta 1904) -- (Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:239[ref. 32495],mKottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus fortis (Popta 1904). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

hwanghoensis, Leiocassis Mori [T.] 1933:167, Figs. 3-4 [Japanese Journal of Zoology v. 5 (no. 2); ref. 16507] Hwang-ho near Tsi-nan, Shantung, China. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferrari 2007:107 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus hwanghoensis (Mori 1933) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952]). •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Tachysurus ussuriensis (Dybowski 1872) -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2008:341 [ref. 30085]). Current status: Synonym of Tachysurus ussuriensis (Dybowski 1872). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

hypselopterus, Bagrus Bleeker [P.] 1852:588 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 334] Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ?RMNH 6877. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1863.12.4.61 Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:82 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:114 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Bagrichthys hypselopterus (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1989:112 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:71 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:138 [ref. 19952], Kottelat et al. 1993:63 [ref. 23448], Tan & Ng 1999:270 [ref. 24254], Ng 2002:49 [ref. 26074], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:159 [ref. 28284], Ferraris 2007:82 [ref. 29155], Philasamorn & Satrawaha 2009:9 [ref. 30192], Kottelat 2013:256 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Bagrichthys hypselopterus (Bleeker 1852). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia: Sumatra and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

ichikawai, Coreobagrus Okada [Y.] & Kubota [S. S.] 1957:144, Fig. [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 5 (nos 3-6); ref. 12160] Miya River, Mie Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): FRLM 6230. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus ichikawai (Okada & Kubota 1957) -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:408 [ref. 25598], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Watanabe 1994:243 [ref. 22344], Watanabe & Maeda 1995:419 [ref. 22171], Watanabe 1998:99 [ref. 23343], Watanabe 1998:264 [ref. 23491], Watanabe & Ito 1999:15 [ref. 23923], Nakabo 2000:278 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:278 [ref. 26001], Watanabe et al. 2002:386 [ref. 26501], Watanabe & Nishida 2003:140 [ref. 26822]). •Valid as Coreobagrus ichikawai Okada & Kubota 1957 -- (Okada 1961:580 [ref. 6363], Sawada in Masuda et al. 1984:59 [ref. 6441], Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Watanabe et al. 1992:157 [ref. 20425], Matsuura et al. 2000:178 [ref. 26000], Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Coreobagrus ichikawai Okada & Kubota 1957. Bagridae. Distribution: Honshu, Japan. Habitat: freshwater.

imbrifer, Hemibagrus Ng [H. H.] & Ferraris [C. J., Jr.] 2000:126, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 52 (no. 11); ref. 25041] Mae Nam Moei at Ban Wan Le, 16°17'24"N, 98°42'21"E, Salween basin, Tak Province, Thailand. Holotype: ZRC 45406. Paratypes: CMK 13445 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:29 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Hemibagrus imbrifer Ng & Ferraris 2000 -- (Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:266 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus imbrifer Ng & Ferraris 2000. Bagridae. Distribution: Salween River basin, Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

immaculatus, Nanobagrus Ng [H. H.] 2008:93, Fig. 1 [Copeia 2008 (no. 1); ref. 29540] Backwater stream, about 14 kilometers northwest of Palangkaraya, 2°05'06"S, 113°46'23"E, Kalimantan Tengah, southern Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 10720. Paratypes: ZRC 50628 (3, 1 c&s). •Valid as Nanobagrus immaculatus Ng 2008 -- (Thomson et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29733], Ng 2010:60 [ref. 31047], Kottelat 2013:264 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Nanobagrus immaculatus Ng 2008. Bagridae. Distribution: Southern Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

impluviatus, Mystus Ng [H. H.] 2003:373, Figs. 1, 2a, 3a [Copeia 2003 (no. 2); ref. 26909] Small river on road 12.2 kilometers from Sebulu crossroads towards forest and 59 kilometers from Air Putih crossroads, 0°16'S, 117°0'E, Kalimantan Timur, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: CAS 97049. Paratypes: CAS 94621 (2), 95035 (2), 95038 (5), 97045 (3); MZB 10703 (1); USNM 371267 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus impluviatus Ng 2003 -- (Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mystus impluviatus Ng 2003. Bagridae. Distribution: Eastern Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

indicus, Mystus Plamoottil [M.] & Abraham [N. P.] 2013:44, Figs. 1-2, 6G-7G [Biosystematica v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 32983] Kuttoor, Manimala River, Kerala, India. Holotype: ZSI/FF 4627. Paratypes: ZSI/WGRC/2418 (7). •Valid as Mystus indicus Plamoottil & Abraham 2013 -- (Plamoottil & Abraham 2014:239 [ref. 33431], Plamoottil 2016:1975 [ref. 34462]). Current status: Valid as Mystus indicus Plamoottil & Abraham 2013. Bagridae. Distribution: Manimala River, Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

inermis, Olyra McClelland [J.] 1842:574 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 2926] Not available; name only in list of new taxa but no description provided. Bagridae.

inornatus, Liocassis Boulenger [G. A.] 1894:245 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 13 (no. 75) (art. 26); ref. 535] Senah, Sarawak, Borneo, eastern Malaysia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1893.3.6.179. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Leiocassis. •Valid as Leiocassis inornatus Boulenger 1894 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:63 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Pseudomystus inornatus (Boulenger 1894) -- (Mo 1991:140 [ref. 19952], Kottelat & Lim 1995:239 [ref. 23210], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:179 [ref. 23964], Grinang & Lim 2004:290 [ref. 28551], Ng & Siebert 2005:3 [ref. 28064], Ng & Lim 2005:16 [ref. 28081], Parenti & Lim 2005:190 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155], Kim & Ng 2008:45 [ref. 29456], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus inornatus (Boulenger 1894). Bagridae. Distribution: Indonesia and Sarawak. Habitat: freshwater.

intermedius, Pseudobagrus Nichols [J. T.] & Pope [C. H.] 1927:331, Fig. 5 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 54 (art. 2); ref. 5747] Nodoa, Hainan Island, China. Holotype (unique): AMNH 8360. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus intermedius Nichols & Pope 1927 -- (Ni & Wu in Kuang et al. 1986:178 [ref. 26639], Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Pelteobagrus intermedius (Nichols & Pope 1927) -- (Zheng et al. 1989:278 [ref. 21202], Mo 1991:136 [ref. 19952], Gao in Pan et al. 1991:300 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:144 [ref. 25213], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:38 [ref. 24534], Kottelat 2001:52 [ref. 25482], Zhang et al. 2016:184 [ref. 34477]). •In Pseudobagrus -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:14 [ref. 29148], Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus intermedius Nichols & Poope -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:15 [ref. 29148]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Tachysurus intermedius (Nichols & Pope 1927) -- (Kottelat 2013:267 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus intermedius (Nichols & Pope 1927). Bagridae. Distribution: Hainan Island, China and Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

johorensis, Mystus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1940:13, Pls. 7-8 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 16; ref. 2130] Sungai Kayu, 16 miles north of Kota Tinggi, Johore, Malaysia. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 33026. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:42 [ref. 12291], Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155] •Synonym of Mystus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1989:122 [ref. 6439], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:86 [ref. 26894]). •Status uncertain, in Hemibagrus -- (Ng & Ng 1995:135 [ref. 21730]). •Valid as Mystus johorensis Herre 1940 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:132 [ref. 19952]). •Perhaps valid as senior synonym of Mystus filamentus (Fang & Chaux 1949) -- (Rainboth 1996:141 [ref. 22772]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ng & Dodson 1999:49 [ref. 23894]). •Valid as Hemibagrus johorensis (Herre 1940) -- (Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus capitulus (Popta 1906) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2013:234 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus capitulum (Popta 1906). Bagridae. Distribution: Peninsular Malysia and Sumatra (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

kaifenensis, Leiocassis Tchang [T.-L.] 1934:41 [Bulletin of the Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Peiping (Zoology Series) v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 15745] Kaifeng, Henan, China. Holotype: ASIZB [now NZMC] 19942 [ex ZMFMIB 8625]. Type catalog: Zhang 1996:501 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:76 [ref. 33808]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus kaifenensis (Tchang 1934) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Zhang et al. 2016:185 [ref. 34477]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Tachysurus kaifenesis (Tchang 1834) -- (Ye et al. 2015:76 [ref. 33808]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus kaifenensis (Tchang 1934). Bagridae. Distribution: Henan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

kajan, Macrones Popta [C. M. L.] 1904:184 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (no. 4) (art. 6) (for Oct. 1902); ref. 3547] Kajan River, Mahakam basin, central Borneo. Syntypes: RMNH 7547 (1), 7550 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155]. •Questionably a synonym of Mystus baramensis (Regan 1906) -- (Roberts 1989:124 [ref. 6439]). •Status uncertain, in Hemibagrus -- (Ng & Ng 1995:135 [ref. 21730]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ng & Dodson 1999:49 [ref. 23894]). •Synonym of Mystus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:86 [ref. 26894]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus fortis (Popta 2004) -- (Ferraris 2007:88 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:239 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus fortis (Popta 1904). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

keletius, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:411 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Puducherry, India. Lectotype: MNHN A-9011. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-4369 [ex RMNH] (1) Java. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:26 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:98 [ref. 29155]. Type information: Roberts 1993:29 [ref. 21799]. Lectotype selected by Ng 2002:166 [ref. 26403]. •In part (Java specimen) synonym of Mystus nigriceps (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1993:29 [ref. 21799], Ng 2002:162 [ref. 26403]). •Synonym of Mystus armatus (Day 1865) or Mystus vittatus (Bloch 1794) after lectotype designation -- (Ng 2002:165 [ref. 26403]). •Synonym of Mystus vittatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Ferraris 2007:98 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Mystus keletius (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Pethiyagoda 1991:149 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:562 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:130 [ref. 19952], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:63 [ref. 26894], Menon 1999:202 [ref. 24904], Rema-Devi 2001:297 [ref. 25883], Ng 2002:162 [ref. 26403], Yadav 2003:18 [ref. 27711], Jayaram 2006:43 [ref. 28762], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:233 [ref. 29985], Ng & Pethiyagoda 2013:169 [ref. 33011], Kottelat 2013:263 [ref. 32989], Plamoottil 2016:1975 [ref. 34462], Sudasinghe et al. 2016:171 [ref. 34902]). Current status: Valid as Mystus keletius (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Distribution: Pondicherry, India (known only from the lectotype). Habitat: freshwater.

kempi, Olyra Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1912:443, Pl. 41 (figs. 4, 4a-b) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 7 (pt 5); ref. 14837] Mangaldai, Assam-Bhutan Frontier, India. Syntypes: (5) ZSI F5387/1 (1) Dishnor R., Mangaldai Dist. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:131 [ref. 20743], Ferraris 2007:99 [ref. 29155]. •Questionably a synonymy of Olyra longicaudata McClelland 1842 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:695 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Olyra longicaudata McClelland 1842 -- (Menon 1999:264 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Olyra kempi Chaudhuri 1912 -- (Burgess 1989:154 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:172 [ref. 24860], Mo 1991:134 [ref. 19952], Ataur Rahman 2003:191 [ref. 31338], Bockmann & de Pinna 2004:671 [ref. 27907], Jayaram 2006:93 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:99 [ref. 29155], Arunachalam et al. 2013:51 [ref. 32806], Gurung et al. 2013:4884 [ref. 32969] as cf. kempi). •Synonym of Olyra longicaudata McClelland 1842 -- (Kottelat 2013:264 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2014:271 [ref. 33353], Ng & Ferraris 2016:386 [ref. 34194]). Current status: Synonym of Olyra longicaudata McClelland 1842. Bagridae. Distribution: Assam, India and (?) Bangladesh (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

keralai, Mystus Plamoottil [M.] & Abraham [N. P.] 2014:231, Figs. 1-4, 7A, 7D [International Journal of Pure and Applied Zoology v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 33431] Kerala, Manimala River at Chenappady, India. Holotype: ZSI FF 5091. Paratypes: ZSI FF 5092 (1). •Valid as Mystus keralai Plamoottil & Abraham 2014 -- (Plamoottil 2016:1975 [ref. 34462]). Current status: Valid as Mystus keralai Plamoottil & Abraham 2014. Bagridae. Distribution: Manimala River, India. Habitat: freshwater.

koenigi, Bagrus Pietschmann [V.] 1932:92, Fig. 1 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 100 (nos 3/4); ref. 16394] Nile River, Egypt. Holotype: ZFMK (1899) 209. Type catalog: Busse 1984:219 [ref. 28342], Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155], Herder et al. 2010:119 [ref. 31087]. •Synonym of Bagrus docmak (Forsskål 1775) -- (Risch 1986:11 [ref. 6190], Risch in Lévêque et al. 1992:399 [ref. 21590], Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Bagrus docmak (Forsskål 1775). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

koreanus, Pseudobagrus Uchida [K.] in Lee & Kim 1990:124, Figs. 3B, 6 [Korean Journal of Ichthyology v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 24033] Namwôn-shi, Sômjin River, Korea. Holotype: BKNU 1111. Paratypes: BKNU 1112-1128 (17). Other topotypic specimens (clear & stained) were not considered type material. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus koreanus Uchida 1990 -- (Kim 1997:323 [ref. 24032], Kim & Lee 2001:46 [ref. 25334], Kim & Park 2002:238 [ref. 25913], Youn 2002:184, 523 [ref. 26218] with authors as Lee & Kim, Jang et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27681], Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus koreanus (Uchida 1990). Bagridae. Distribution: Korea. Habitat: freshwater.

krishnensis, Mystus Ramakrishniah [M.] 1988:139, Figs. 1-2 [Matsya Nos 12-13; ref. 16271] Nagarjunasagar reservoir, India. Holotype: ZSI FF2532. Paratypes: (27) ZSI FF2533-35 (3), Nagarjunasagar Centre of Reservoir Fisheries Proj. (3), 2 used for skeletons and others utilized for biological studies. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus krishnensis Ramakrishniah 1988 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:563 [ref. 20764], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Menon 1999:203 [ref. 24904], Rema-Devi 2001:297 [ref. 25883], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:66 [ref. 26894] dated 1987). •Synonym of Hemibagrus maydelli (Rössel 1964) -- (Ng & Ferraris 2000:128 [ref. 25041], Jayaram 2006:59 [ref. 28762], Ng & Kottelat 2013:271 [ref. 32495]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus maydelli (Rössel 1964). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

kuturnee, Phractocephalus Sykes [W. H.] 1839:164 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Deccan, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155]. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:61 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:372, Pl. 65 (fig. 3) [ref. 18868]. •Valid as Rita kuturnee (Sykes 1839) -- (Burgess 1989:66 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:577 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:142 [ref. 19952], Ferraris 1999:21 [ref. 23839], Menon 1999:196 [ref. 24904], Yadav 2003:19 [ref. 27711], Ng 2004:1 [ref. 27758], Jayaram 2006:16 [ref. 28762] dated to wrong reference, Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155], Lal et al. 2017:80 [ref. 34862]). Current status: Valid as Rita kuturnee (Sykes 1839). Bagridae. Distribution: Krishna and Godavari River systems, peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

kyphus, Pseudobagrus Mai [D. Y.] 1978:261, Fig. 119 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Ky Phu stream in Dai tu district, Thai Nguyen Province, northern Vietnam. Holotype: DVZUT. Paratypes: ASIZB [now NZMC] 72830 (1) [orig. DVZUT]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:82 [ref. 29155], Ye et al. 2015:80 [ref. 33808] •Valid as Pelteobagrus kyphus (Mai 1978) -- (Kottelat 2001:52 [ref. 25482]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus kyphus Mai 1978 -- (Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Watanabe et al. 2002:384 [ref. 26501], Ng & Freyhof 2007:15 [ref. 29148], Yang et al. 2008:328 [ref. 30560], Zhang et al. 2016:185 [ref. 34477]). •Incertae sedis in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:82 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Tachysurus kyphus (Mai 1978) -- (Kottelat 2013:267 [ref. 32989], Ye et al. 2015:80 [ref. 33808]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus kyphus (Mai 1978). Bagridae. Distribution: Northern Vietnam; Yunnan Provice and Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region, China. Habitat: freshwater.

lacustrinus, Hemibagrus Ng [H. H.] & Kottelat [M.] 2013:257, Fig. 36 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 61 (no. 1); ref. 32495] Hulu Batang Ombilin, Sumatera Barat, Sumatra. Holotype: MZB 17183. Paratypes: CMK 4625 (3); UMMZ 155684 (2), 243355 (1); ZMA 121812 (2); ZRC 51974 (1). •Valid as Hemibagrus lacustrinus Ng & Kottelat 2013 -- (Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus lacustrinus Ng & Kottelat 2013. Bagridae. Distribution: Sumatera Barat, Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

lamarrii, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:407, Pl. 415 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Ganges River, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9343 (mounted). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:26 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Mystus seenghala (Sykes 1839) -- (Coad 1981:15 [ref. 22348]). •Synonym of Aorichthys seenghala (Sykes 1839) -- (Menon 1999:209 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Sperata seenghala (Sykes 1839) -- (Ferraris & Runge 1999:416 [ref. 24039], Jayaram 2006:31 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:266 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Sperata seenghala (Sykes 1839). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

latebrosa, Sundolyra Ng [H. H.], Hadiaty [R. K.], Lundberg [J. G.] & Luckenbill [K. R.] 2015:150, Figs. 1-3 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 164 (no. 1); ref. 33928] Aceh, Aceh Barat, Alue Sungai Pineung at Sungai Pineung, Kreung Babah Rot drainage, Sumatra, 3°46′47.6″N, 96°49′19.9″E. Holotype (unique): MZB 22122. •Valid as Sundolyra latebrosa Ng, Hadiaty, Lundberg & Luckenbill 2015. Current status: Valid as Sundolyra latebrosa Ng, Hadiaty, Lundberg & Luckenbill 2015. Bagridae. Distribution: Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

laticeps, Adelopeltis Dabry de Thiersant [P.] 1872:190, Pl. 48 (fig. 5) [La pisciculture et la pêche en Chine; ref. 12507] Chang Jiang [Yangtze River], China. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Tachysurus Vachellii (Rchardson 1846) -- (Kottelat 2013:268 [ref. 32989] with quesion). Current status: Uncertain as Tachysurus vachellii (Richardson 1846). Bagridae.

leiacanthus, Hyalobagrus Ng [H. H.] & Kottelat [M.] 1998:341, Fig. 9 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 9 (no. 4); ref. 23660] Sungai Barito at Muara Laung, 0°35'34.6"S, 114°44'12.3"E, Kalimantan Tengah, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 9304. Paratypes: BMNH 1997.7.17.18-19 (2), CMK 10467 (3), ZRC 41965 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:31 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Hyalobagrus leiacanthus Ng & Kottelat 1998 -- (Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:160 [ref. 28284], Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hyalobagrus leiacanthus Ng & Kottelat 1998. Bagridae. Distribution: Kapuas and Barito River basins, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

leiacanthus, Leiocassis Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1912:536 [15], Pl. 2 (figs. 1-1a) [Durch Zentral-Sumatra. Von Alfred Maass... Berlin. v. 2; ref. 14895] Indragiri [Kwantan] River, Ringat and Taluk, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: ZMA 112671-72 (1, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:56 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155]. On p. 15 of separate. •Valid as Leiocassis leiacanthus Weber & de Beaufort 1912 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:63 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Pseudomystus leiacanthus (Weber & de Beaufort 1912) -- (Mo 1991:140 [ref. 19952], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:177 [ref. 23964], Tan & Ng 1999:280 [ref. 24254], Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155], Kim & Ng 2008:45 [ref. 29456], Ng 2008:98 [ref. 29540], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:530 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus leiacanthus (Weber & de Beaufort 1912). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: freshwater.

lemniscatus, Nanobagrus Ng [H. H.] 2010:61, Figs. 1, 4a [Zootaxa No. 2677; ref. 31047] Unnamed stream 5 kilometers from Kuala Brang in the direction of Kuala Terengganu, 5°04'25.0"N, 103°03'19.8"E, Sungai Terengganu drainage, Terengganu State, Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 51981. Paratypes: UMMZ 248828 (1); ZRC 24777(1), 40132 (3), •Valid as Nanobagrus lemniscatus Ng 2010 -- (Kottelat 2013:264 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Nanobagrus lemniscatus Ng 2010. Bagridae. Distribution: Terengganu River drainage, Malay Peninsula. Habitat: freshwater.

leucophasis, Bagrus Blyth [E.] 1860:148 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Sitang and other Myanmar rivers. Possible types or Blyth specimens: AMS B.7925 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus leucophasis (Blyth 1860) -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:564 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:130 [ref. 19952], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:67 [ref. 26894], Jayaram 2006:46 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2009:248 [ref. 30202], Darshan et al. 2011:2177 [ref. 31641], Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mystus leucophasis (Blyth 1860). Bagridae. Distribution: Irrawaddy and Sittang River basins, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

limbatus, Plotosus Richardson [J.] 1846:283 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. Holotype (unique): Cambridge Philosophical Inst. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Plotosus by Plotosus limbatus Valenciennes 1840. •Synonym of Plotosus anguillaris (Bloch 1794) -- (Wu & Zhong in Pan et al. 1991:293 [ref. 23876]). •Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787) -- (authors). •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]). Bagridae.

longibarbus, Leiocassis Cui [G.-H.] 1990:153, Fig. 156 [The fishes of Yunnan, China. Part II Cyprinidae. Part 2; ref. 16004] Kinsha River system, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: KIZ 818719. Paratypes: KIZ 818720 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus longibarbus (Cui 1990) -- (Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952]). •Valid as Leiocassis longibarbus Cui 1990 -- (Zhu 1995:145 [ref. 25213], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:50 [ref. 24534], Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155], Zhang et al. 2016:183 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Tachysurus longibarbus (Cui 1990). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus longibarbus (Cui 1990). Bagridae. Distribution: Upper Yangtze River, Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

longicaudatus, Olyra McClelland [J.] 1842:588, Pl. 21 (fig. 1) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 2926] Kasyah [Khasi] Hills, Maghalaya, India. Neotype: MSUMNH 67. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:99 [ref. 29155]. Authorship from p. 574. Original species spelling is corrected to reflect the feminine ending. Neotype designated by Arunachalam et al. 2013:56 [ref. 32608], however they designated 3 specimens in MSUMNH; not established in Fig. 6 where one specimen was mentioned. Neotype designation by Arunachalam et al. 2013:7 [ref. 34528]. Both neotype designations invalid Ng & Ferraris 2016:386 [ref. 34194]. •Valid as Olyra longicaudata McClelland 1842 -- (Burgess 1989:154 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:695 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:134 [ref. 19952], Sen 1995:581 [ref. 23778], Sen 1999:202 [ref. 24750], Menon 1999:264 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:34 [ref. 25662], Bockmann & de Pinna 2004:671 [ref. 27907], Jayaram 2006:94 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:99 [ref. 29155], Shrestha 2008:198 [ref. 29923], Patra 2011:1612 [ref. 31232], Arunachalam et al. 2013:56 [ref. 32608], Arunachalam et al. 2013:7 [ref. 34528], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Kottelat 2013:264 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2014:271 [ref. 33353], Ng et al. 2015:156 [ref. 33928], Ng & Ferraris 2016:386 [ref. 34194], Kosygin et al. 2018:593 [ref. 35785]). Current status: Valid as Olyra longicaudata McClelland 1842. Bagridae. Distribution: India and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

longirostris, Liocassis Günther [A.] 1864:87, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Japan (error for China). Holotype (unique): BMNH 1862.11.1.1. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]. Date of February 1864 given for L. longirostris of Günther and April 1864 for Rhinobagrus dumerili of Bleeker in Lee & Kim 1990:133 [ref. 24033]. Original genus should have been Leiocassis. •Valid as Pseudobagrus longirostris (Günther 1864) -- (Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Chenget al. 2009:67 [ref. 30165]). •Valid as Leiocassis longirostris Günther 1864 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Lee & Kim 1990:132 [ref. 24033], Li in Ding 1994:455 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:145 [ref. 25213], Cheng & Zhou 1997:209 [ref. 26385], Kim 1997:330 [ref. 24032], Yang in Chen 1998:282 [ref. 23556], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:44 [ref. 24534], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Wang et al. 2001:184 [ref. 26566], Kim & Park 2002:246 [ref. 25913], Youn 2002:184, 523 [ref. 26218], Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155], Zhang et al. 2016:183 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Tachysurus dumerili (Bleeker 1864) -- (Kottelat 2013:267 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Tachysurus dumerili (Bleeker 1864). Bagridae. Distribution: Eastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

longispinalis, Leiocassis Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:617, Fig. 42 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Ngòi Bo, Lào Cai, Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTS I, Bac Ninh. Paratypes: (4). Spelt longispinnis on p. 328; Kottelat 2013 selected longispinalis. •Valid as Tachysurus longispinalis (Nguyen 2005) -- (Ng 2009:22 [ref. 30544], Kottelat 2013:267 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Uncertain as Tachysurus longispinalis (Nguyen 2005). Bagridae. Distribution: Gia Phu, Ngoi Bo, Lao Thang District, Lao Cai Province, Vietnam (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

lubosicus, Bagrus Lönnberg [E.] 1924:619 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 14 (no. 84) (art. 71); ref. 15454] Lubosi River, tributary to Luala River, Lower Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): NRM 9939. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Bagrus lubosicus Lönnberg 1924 -- (Risch 1986:12 [ref. 6190], Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:128 [ref. 19952], Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Bagrus lubosicus Lönnberg 1924. Bagridae. Distribution: Lower Congo River system, central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

lui, Leiocassis Tchang [T.-L.] & Shih [H.-J.] 1934:434 [Lingnan Science Journal, Canton v. 13 (no. 3); ref. 16464] Lower Kialing-Kiang, Szechwan, China. Holotype (unique): ASIZB [now NZMC] [ex ZMFMIB 9720]. Type catalog: Zhang 1996:501 [ref. 24036], Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155], Ye et al. 2015:77 [ref. 33808]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus lui (Tchang & Shih 1934) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952] with question). •Synonym of Pseudobagrus brevicaudatus (Wu 1930) -- (Ding 1994:462 [ref. 21531], Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155], Zhang et al. 2016:185 [ref. 34477]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Synonym of Trachsurus brevicaudatus (Wu 1930) -- (Ye et al. 2015:77 [ref. 33808]). Current status: Synonym of Tachysurus brevicaudatus (Wu 1930). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

luridus, Macrones Tirant [G.] in Pétillot 1911:164 [Une richesse du Cambodge. La pêche et les poissons; ref. 17924] Hue, Saigon (Vietnam). No types known. Type catalog: Chevey 1937:250 [ref. 31779]. •A nomen nudum -- (Ng & Rainboth 1999:560 [ref. 24608]). •In the synonymy of Hemibagrus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ng & Rainboth 1999:560 [ref. 24608] as cf. nemurus). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae.

macracanthus, Bagroides Bleeker [P.] 1854:88 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 16939] East Sumatra, at the confluence of Lamatang and Enim rivers, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5216 (1 of 27). Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1863.12.4.60 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:82 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:121 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Leiocassis macracanthus (Bleeker 1854) -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Bagrichthys macracanthus (Bleeker 1854) -- (Burgess 1989:71 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:138 [ref. 19952], Kottelat et al. 1993:63 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:139 [ref. 22772], Tan & Ng 1999:270 [ref. 24254], Kottelat 2001:122 [ref. 25780], Ng 2002:49 [ref. 26074], Parenti & Lim 2005:189 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:82 [ref. 29155], Philasamorn & Satrawaha 2009:9 [ref. 30192], Kottelat 2013:256 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Bagrichthys macracanthus (Bleeker 1854). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

macracanthus, Rita Ng [H. H.] 2004:2, Figs. 1-2a [Zootaxa No. 568; ref. 27758] Indus River at Attock, Pakistan. Holotype: UMMZ 237502. Paratypes: MCZ 22186 (2), RMNH 8795 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155] Species name used as a noun. •Valid as Rita macracanthus Ng 2004 -- (Jayaram 2006:17 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155], Lal et al. 2017:80 [ref. 34862]). Current status: Valid as Rita macracanthus Ng 2004. Bagridae. Distribution: Indus River drainage: Afganistan, Pakistan, and northwestern India. Habitat: freshwater.

macronemus, Bagrus Bleeker [P.] 1846:22 [150] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: SMNS 10571 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:15 [ref. 29864], Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155]. A neotype was designated [RMNH 2951] by Roberts 1994:253 [ref. 21568], but that designation is invalid since syntypes are available. Appeared later in Bleeker 1846:150 [ref. 5872]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Bagrus macronemus Ranzani 1842. See van Oijen et al. 2009:139 [ref. 30423] as macronema. •Synonym of Mystus nigriceps (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1989:122 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Mystus singaringan (Bleeker 1846) -- (Roberts 1994:252 [ref. 21568], Rainboth 1996:142 [ref. 22772], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:106 [ref. 26894], Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:263 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus singaringan (Bleeker 1846). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

macronotus, Batasio Ng [H. H.] & Edds [D. R.] 2004:296, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 15 (no. 4); ref. 27993] Purchased at Kosi barrage, Kosi River drainage, 26°31.5'N, 86°56'00"E, Saptari/Sunsari, Nepal. Holotype: KU 34546. Paratypes: KU 29104 (2), OSUS 15968 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Batasio macronotus Ng & Edds 2004 -- (Vishwanath & Darshan 2006:2162 [ref. 28454], Ng 2006:101 [ref. 28588], Arunachalam & Muralidharan 2007:2680 [ref. 29123], Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155], Ng 2008:1 [ref. 29713], Shrestha 2008:148 [ref. 29923], Ng 2008:1 [ref. 29713], Darshan et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31332]). Current status: Valid as Batasio macronotus Ng & Edds 2004. Bagridae. Distribution: Kosi River drainage, eastern Nepal. Habitat: freshwater.

macrops, Leiocassis crassilabris Nichols [J. T.] 1926:2, Fig. 2 [American Museum Novitates No. 214; ref. 15600] Min River, near Yenping (Nanping), Fukien Province, China. Holotype: AMNH 8445. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Pelteobagrus crassilabrus (Günther 1864) -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Leiocassis crassilabris Günther 1864 -- (Li in Ding 1994:457 [ref. 21531], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:45 [ref. 24534], Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Tachysurus crassilabris (Günther 1864) -- (Kottelat 2013:267 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Tachysurus crassilabris (Günther 1864). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

macropterus, Bagroides Bleeker [P.] 1854:515 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5965] Moara kompeh, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1863.12.4.108 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:83 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:119 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Bagrichthys macropterus (Bleeker 1854) -- (Roberts 1989:114 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:71 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:138 [ref. 19952], Kottelat et al. 1993:63 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:139 [ref. 22772], Ng 1999:548 [ref. 24406], Tan & Ng 1999:270 [ref. 24254], Ng 2002:49 [ref. 26074], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:159 [ref. 28284], Ferraris 2007:82 [ref. 29155], Philasamorn & Satrawaha 2009:9 [ref. 30192], Kottelat 2013:256 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:34 [ref. 35802]). Current status: Valid as Bagrichthys macropterus (Bleeker 1854). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

macropterus, Bagrus bayad var. Pfaff [J. R.] 1933:287, Fig. 4 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 16517] Kabara, Mali, West Africa. Holotype (unique): ZMUC. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:49 [ref. 9588], Ferraris 2007:83 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Bagrus bajad (Forsskål 1775) -- (Risch 1986:10 [ref. 6190], Risch in Lévêque et al. 1992:400 [ref. 21590], Ferraris 2007:83 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Bagrus bajad (Forsskål 1775). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

macropterus, Hemibagrus Bleeker [P.] 1870:257, Pl. (bottom fig.) [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 4; ref. 17068] Chang Jiang [Yangtze River], China. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus macropterus (Bleeker 1870) -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Zheng 1989:286 [ref. 21202], Gao in Pan et al. 1991:313 [ref. 23876], Li in Ding 1994:468 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:148 [ref. 25213], Yang in Chen 1998:289 [ref. 23556], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:71 [ref. 24534], Tang et al. 2001:15 [ref. 25373], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:69 [ref. 26894]). •Valid as Hemibagrus macropterus Bleeker 1870 -- (Mo 1991:132 [ref. 19952], Kottelat et al. 1998:567 [ref. 23920], Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155], Liu et al. 2012:648 [ref. 32220], Ng & Kottelat 2013:219 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:182 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus macropterus Bleeker 1870. Bagridae. Distribution: Yangtze River basin to Pearl River, China. Habitat: freshwater.

macropterus, Leiocassis Vaillant [L. L.] 1902:58, Figs. 6-7 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (note 1); ref. 4490] Tepoe, Mahakam River, eastern Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Secondarily preoccupied by Bagroides macropterus Bleeker 1854 when both are included in Bagroides; replaced by Bagroides vaillantii Popta 1906. •Objective synonym of Bagrichthys vaillantii (Popta 1906) -- (Kottelat 2013:257 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Bagrichthys vaillantii (Popta 1906). Bagridae. Distribution: Eastern Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

mahakamensis, Leiocassis Vaillant [L. L.] 1902:55, Figs. 4-5 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (note 1); ref. 4490] Tepoe, Mahakam River, eastern Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 7838 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Leiocassis mahakamensis Vaillant 1902 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:64 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Pseudomystus mahakamensis (Vaillant 1902) -- (Mo 1991:140 [ref. 19952], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:177 [ref. 23964], Ng & Siebert 2005:3 [ref. 28064], Ng & Lim 2005:16 [ref. 28081], Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155], Kim & Ng 2008:45 [ref. 29456], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus mahakamensis (Vaillant 1902). Bagridae. Distribution: Borneo and (?) Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

majusculus, Bagrichthys Ng [H. H.] 2002:50, Fig. 1 [Folia Zoologica: international journal of vertebrate zoology. v. 51 (no. 1); ref. 26074] Mun River at Ban Dan, 3 kilometers upstream from Mekong River confluence, Khong Chiam district, Ubon Ratchathani Province, Thailand. Holotype: UMMZ 214916. Paratypes: CAS 92487 (2); MZC 51318 (2); UMMZ 224380 (1), 224578 (1), 232306 (1), 232545 (1), 239654 (1); USNM 297278 (1), 315902 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:83 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Bagrichthys majusculus Ng 2002 -- (Ferraris 2007:83 [ref. 29155], Philasamorn & Satrawaha 2009:9 [ref. 30192], Kottelat 2013:257 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Bagrichthys majusculus Ng 2002. Bagridae. Distribution: Mekong and Chao Phraya river drainages, Indochina. Habitat: freshwater.

malabarica, Hara Day [F.] 1865:184, Pl. 13 (fig. 3) [The fishes of Malabar; ref. 1074] Mountain streams of Malabar, India. Day specimens: AMS B.7624 (1, non-type) Canara, NMW 45228 (1, non-type). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:158 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:299 [ref. 25110], Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155]. Original locality was mountain streams of Malabar, India. Neotype (AMS B.7624) designated by Grant 1999:170 [ref. 24293] rejected by Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155]. Secondarily preoccupied in Mystus by Bagrus malabaricus Jerdon 1849, replaced by Mystus cararensis Grant 1999. •Synonym of Mystus malabaricus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Jayaram 2006:48 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus canarensis Grant 1999. Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

malabaricus, Bagrus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:338 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Mountain streams of Malabar, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus malabaricus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:564 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:130 [ref. 19952], Rema Devi et al. 1996:137 [ref. 24021], Grant 1999:172 [ref. 24293], Menon 1999:203 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Yadav 2000:41 [ref. 25661], Rema-Devi 2001:297 [ref. 25883], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:70 [ref. 26894], Yadav 2003:18 [ref. 27711], Jayaram 2006:47 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2009:248 [ref. 30202], Plamoottil & Abraham 2013:318 [ref. 32984], Plamoottil & Abraham 2013:43 [ref. 32983], Plamoottil & Abraham 2014:238 [ref. 33431], Plamoottil 2016:1975 [ref. 34462]). Current status: Valid as Mystus malabaricus (Jerdon 1849). Bagridae. Distribution: Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

maydelli, Mystus (Mystus) Rössel [F.] 1964:149, Fig. 1 [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 61; ref. 3400] Bhima River at Wadgaon, Maharashtra, India. Holotype (unique): ZMH H 2180. Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:159 [ref. 22013], Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155] •Synonym of Mystus malabaricus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:564 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:203 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Mystus maydelli Rossel 1964 -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:73 [ref. 26894], Jayaram 2006:59 [ref. 28762]). •Valid as Hemibagrus maydelli (Rössel 1964) -- (Grant 1999:173 [ref. 24293], Ng & Ferraris 2000:128 [ref. 25041], Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:271 [ref. 32495]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus maydelli (Rössel 1964). Bagridae. Distribution: Middle reaches of Krishna River, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

medianalis, Macrones Regan [C. T.] 1904:194 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 13 (no. 75) (art. 20); ref. 15197] Sea of Tien [Tien Chih], Yunnan Fu, China, elevation 6000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1904.1.26.44-46 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus medianalis (Regan 1904) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Zhu 1995:146 [ref. 25213], Yang in Chen 1998:284 [ref. 23556], Yue & Chen 1998:226 [ref. 26415], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:54 [ref. 24534], Watanabe et al. 2002:386 [ref. 26501], Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155], Zhang et al. 2016:185 [ref. 34477]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Tachysurus medialis (Regan 1904). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus medianalis (Regan 1904). Bagridae. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

melanopterus, Bagroides Bleeker [P.] 1852:413 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 3); ref. 16827] Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:83 [ref. 29155]. Unexplained name change for Bagroides melapterus Bleeker 1851, regarded as an unjustified emendation. See van Oijen et al. 2009:117 [ref. 30423]. •Synonym of Bagroides melapterus Bleeker 1851 -- (Ferraris 2007:83 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:257 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Bagroides melapterus Bleeker 1851. Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

melapterus, Bagroides Bleeker [P.] 1851:204 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 329] Bandjarmasin, southern Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1863.12.4.71 (1), ?NMV 46011 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:83 [ref. 29155]. Originally as Bagroïdes. Spelled melanopterus by Bleeker 1852:413 [ref. 16827]. •Valid as Bagroides melapterus Bleeker 1851 -- (Roberts 1989:115 [ref. 6439], Mo 1991:138 [ref. 19952], Kottelat et al. 1993:63 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:238 [ref. 23210], Tan & Ng 1999:271 [ref. 24254], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:159 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:189 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:83 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:257 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Bagroides melapterus Bleeker 1851. Bagridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

melas, Bagrus Bleeker [P.] 1846:24 [152] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Java, Indonesia. Whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]. Appeared later in Bleeker 1846:152 [ref. 5872]. •Synonym of Mystus gulio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:57 [ref. 26894], Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Mystus abbreviatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus abbreviatus (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

menoda, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:203, 379, Pl. 1 (fig. 72) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Suarma (Meghna) drainage, Sharighat bazaar, 22 miles northeast of Sylhet-Shillong highway, Bangladesh [original Kosi River, Mahanandu River, and other rivers in north of Behar and Bengal, India]. Neotype: UMMZ 208726. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155]. Plate 1 erroneously labelled Mugil corsula. Neotype designated by Ng & Ferraris 2000:136 [ref. 25041]. •Valid as Pimelodua menoda Hamilton 1822 -- (Shrestha 1978:38 [ref. 15970], Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:199 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:565 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Mystus menoda (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:204 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:75 [ref. 26894], Yadav 2003:19 [ref. 27711], Shrestha 2008:150 [ref. 29923]). •Valid as Hemibagrus menoda (Hamilton 1822) -- (Mo 1991:132 [ref. 19952], Ng & Ferraris 2000:130 [ref. 25041], Ng et al. 2001:361 [ref. 25966], Ataur Rahman 2003:219 [ref. 31338], Jayaram 2006:60 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:89 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:224 [ref. 32495]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus menoda (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Distribution: India and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

menoni, Mystus Plamoottil [M.] & Abraham [N. P.] 2013:316, Figs. 1-3, 4F, 5F [International Journal of Pure and Applied Zoology v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 32984] Manimala River at Elankadu, Kerala, India. Holotype: ZSI/FF 4628. Paratypes: ZSI/WFRC/IR/V 2417 (5). •Valid as Mystus menoni Plamoottil & Abraham 2013 -- (Plamoottil & Abraham 2014:239 [ref. 33431], Plamoottil 2016:1975 [ref. 34462]). Current status: Valid as Mystus menoni Plamoottil & Abraham 2013. Bagridae. Distribution: Manimala River, Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

merabensis, Liocassis Regan [C. T.] 1913:550 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 11 (no. 66); ref. 14980] Merabeh, northern Borneo. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.3.6.170-171 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Leiocassis. •Valid as Leiocassis merabensis Regan 1913 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:139 [ref. 19952]). •Tentatively a synonym of Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1989:117 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Leiocassis poecilopterus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1993:27 [ref. 21799]). •Species inquirenda in Liocassis -- (Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

merianiensis, Macrones Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1913:253, Pl. 9 (figs. 1, 1a-b) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 8 (pt 3); ref. 819] Pond at Mariani Junction, Brahmaputra River drainage, northeastern Assam, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI F7781/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:126 [ref. 20743], Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Batasio tengana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:551 [ref. 20764] as marianiensis). •Synonym of Mystus vittatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Menon 1999:207 [ref. 24904] as marianensis). •Valid as Batasio merianiensis (Chaudhuri 1913) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2001:507 [ref. 25746], Ng 2004:67 [ref. 27646], Ng & Edds 2004:295 [ref. 27993], Vishwanath & Darshan 2006:2162 [ref. 28454], Ng 2006:101 [ref. 28588], Jayaram 2006:85 [ref. 28762], Arunachalam & Muralidharan 2007:2680 [ref. 29123] dates 1931, Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155], Ng 2008:1 [ref. 29713], Ng 2009:253 [ref. 30216], Darshan et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31332], Gurung et al. 2013:4883 [ref. 32969], Plamoottil 2015:1805 [ref. 33977]). Current status: Valid as Batasio merianiensis (Chaudhuri 1913). Bagridae. Distribution: Assam, India; Bhutan. Habitat: freshwater.

meridionalis, Bagrus Günther [A.] 1894:626 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1893 (pt 4); ref. 2018] Upper Shiré River, central Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1893.11.15.87 (skin). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Bagrus meridionalis Günther 1894 -- (Risch 1986:12 [ref. 6190], Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:128 [ref. 19952], Snoeks 2004:24 [ref. 28111], Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Bagrus meridionalis Günther 1894. Bagridae. Distribution: Shire River and Lake Malawai, eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

mica, Mystus Gromov [I. A.] 1970:400 [277], Fig. (unnumbered) [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 10 (no. 3, art. 62); ref. 7744] Lake Ommi, middle Amur River basin, Russia. Holotype: ZIN 39434. Paratypes: (19) ZIN 39434-35 (4, 9). On p. 277 of English translation. •Valid as Mystus mica Gromov 1970 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:51 [ref. 22798], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:745 [ref. 24702], Naseka 1998:105 [ref. 23590], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178]). •Valid as Pelteobagrus mica (Gromov 1970) -- (Naseka & Bogutskaya 2004:285 [ref. 27838], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:118 [ref. 28183]). •Valid as Leiocassis mica (Gromov 1970) -- (Grant 2006:10 [ref. 28890] with genus uncertain). •In Pseudobagrus -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:14 [ref. 29148]). •Valid as Tachysurus mica (Gromov 1970) -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2008:341 [ref. 30085]). •Synonym of Tachysurus argentivittatus (Regan 1905) -- (Ng 2009:26 [ref. 30544]). Current status: Synonym of Tachysurus argentivittatus (Regan 1905). Bagridae. Distribution: Amur River basin, Russia [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

micracanthus, Bagrus Bleeker [P.] 1846:22 [151] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Java, Indonesia. Possible syntypes: AMS B.7574 (1), B.7979 (1); BMNH 1863.12.4.77 (1); NMV 46463 (1); RMNH 5216 (many). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155]. Appeared later in Bleeker 1846:151 [ref. 5872]. Neotype designated by Roberts 1989 regarded as unnecessary by by Ng 2002:166 [ref. 26403]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:143 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Mystus micracanthus (Bleeker 1846) -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Roberts 1989:120 [ref. 6439], Mo 1991:130 [ref. 19952], Kottelat et al. 1993:66 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:239 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:142 [ref. 22772], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:78 [ref. 26894]). •Synonym of Mystus nigriceps (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1993:29 [ref. 21799], Ng 2002:162 [ref. 26403], Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:263 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus nigriceps (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

micranodus, Bagrichthys Roberts [T. R.] 1989:115, Fig. 89 [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences No. 14; ref. 6439] Kapuas River mainstream 58 kilometers northeast of Sintang and 1 kilometer downstream from Sebruang, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 3578. Paratypes: BMNH 1982.3.29.148 (1); CAS 49369 (3, 1 c&s); MZB 3579-80 (1, 1); USNM 230276 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:11 [ref. 19771]. •Valid as Bagrichthys micranodus Roberts 1989 -- (Mo 1991:138 [ref. 19952], Kottelat et al. 1993:63 [ref. 23448], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Ng 1999:548 [ref. 24406], Ng 2002:49 [ref. 26074], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:159 [ref. 28284], Philasamorn & Satrawaha 2009:9 [ref. 30192], Kottelat 2013:257 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Bagrichthys micranodus Roberts 1989. Bagridae. Distribution: Kapuas River, Western Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

microphthalmus, Macrones Day [F.] 1877:446, Pl. 100 (fig. 4) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Irrawaddy River valley, Myanmar. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7918 (1, syntype) Myanmar, ZSI 2592 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:157 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:299 [ref. 25110], Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus microphthalmus (Day 1877) -- (Vishwanath & Tombi Singh 1986:197 [ref. 22521], Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:566 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:130 [ref. 19952], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:80 [ref. 26894]). •Valid as Hemibagrus microphthalmus (Day 1877) -- (Kottelat 1998:100 [ref. 23436], Ng & Ferraris 2000:133 [ref. 25041], Jayaram 2006:62 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:274 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus microphthalmus (Day 1877). Bagridae. Distribution: India, Myanmar and Thailand. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

micropogon, Bagrus Bleeker [P.] 1852:94 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 16831] Tjirutjup River, Bilitong, Indonesia. Syntypes or Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1983.12.4.106 (1),RMNH 6873 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]. See Kailola 1999:1875 [ref. 24732]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:125 [ref. 30423]. •Synonym of Leiocassis poecilopterus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1993:27 [ref. 21799]). •Valid as Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1989:117 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:139 [ref. 19952], Kottelat et al. 1993:64 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:238 [ref. 23210], Ng & Tan 1999:357 [ref. 24159] as cf. micropogon, Tan & Ng 1999:277 [ref. 24254], Ng & Hadiaty 2005:91 [ref. 28215], Parenti & Lim 2005:190 [ref. 28285], Ng & Lim 2006:169 [ref. 28701], Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:35 [ref. 35802], Ng & Tan 2018:334 [ref. 36208], Ng et al. 2019:529 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Bangka and Belitung (Indonesia), Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

microps, Leiocassis Rendahl [H.] 1933:93 [Arkiv för Zoologi v. 24 A (pt 4) (no. 16) (1932); ref. 3703] Fish market, Kai-ling-ho, Tchungking [Chongqing], Sze-Chwan [Sichuan], China. Holotype (unique): NRM 10163. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pelteobagrus microps (Rendahl 1933) -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:136 [ref. 19952], Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155]). •In Pseudobagrus -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:14 [ref. 29148]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus microps (Rendahl 1933). Bagridae. Distribution: Sichuan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

misrai, Mystus Anuradha [S.] 1986:292, Figs. 1-2 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 93 (no. 2); ref. 8116] Lake Antioche, Syria. Holotype: MHNG 603.95. Paratypes: MHNG 2231.84 (1), ZSI FF2315 (1), missing specimen (1). Type catalog: Weber 1998:10 [ref. 23532], Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Mystus pelusius (Solander 1794) -- (Coad 1991:19 [ref. 15702], Roberts 1994:243 [ref. 21568], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:94 [ref. 26894], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890] with question, Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155], Esmaeili et al. 2010:373 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:889 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus pelusius (Solander 1794). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

moeschii, Liocassis Boulenger [G. A.] 1890:39 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1890 (pt 1); ref. 14494] Deli [= Medan] River, Sumatra, Indonesia. Lectotype: BMNH 1889.11.12.66. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1889.11.12.64-65 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Ng & Lim 2005:14 [ref. 28081]. Original genus should have been Leiocassis. •Valid as Leiocassis moeschii Boulenger 1890 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:64 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Pseudomystus moeschii (Boulenger 1890) -- (Mo 1991:140 [ref. 19952], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:177 [ref. 23964], Ng & Lim 2005:2 [ref. 28081], Kim & Ng 2008:46 [ref. 29456], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus moeschii (Boulenger 1890). Bagridae. Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

montanus, Bagrus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:337 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] River at Manantoddy in Wynaad, Kerala State, southern India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus montanus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:567 [ref. 20764], Indra 1991:240 [ref. 24005], Mo 1991:130 [ref. 19952], Rema Devi 1992:357 [ref. 24007], Indra 1993:186 [ref. 24009], Rema Devi 1993:207 [ref. 24010], Indra 1994:419 [ref. 24015], Sen 1995:562 [ref. 23778], Rema Devi et al. 1996:137 [ref. 24021], Grant 1999:172 [ref. 24293], Menon 1999:204 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:185 [ref. 25703], Rema-Devi 2001:297 [ref. 25883], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:82 [ref. 26894], Yadav 2003:19 [ref. 27711], Jayaram 2006:49 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155], Plamoottil & Abraham 2013:318 [ref. 32984], Plamoottil & Abraham 2013:43 [ref. 32983], Plamoottil & Abraham 2014:239 [ref. 33431], Plamoottil 2016:1975 [ref. 34462], Narasimhaiah et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34975] as monatanus). Current status: Valid as Mystus montanus (Jerdon 1849). Bagridae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

mukherjii, Mystus Ganguly [D. N.] & Datta [N. C.] 1975:293, Figs. 1-2 [Zoological Society of India; ref. 7248] Subarnarekha River, below water falls at Hundru, Ranchi District, Bihar, India. Holotype: Fish. Lab., Dept. Zool., Univ. Calcutta, 112 mm TL. Paratypes: Fish. Lab., Dept. Zool., Univ. Calcutta (5), USNM 205615 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:12 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Mystus cavasius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Roberts 1994:248 [ref. 21568], Chakrabarty & Ng 2005:2 [ref. 28556], Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus cavasius (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

multiradiatus, Mystus Roberts [T. R.] 1992:82, Fig. 3b [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 14632] Prachinburi market, Thailand. Holotype: CAS 76119. Paratypes: ANSP 60318 (1), 164951 (1); CAS 67180-85 (2, 1, 2, 5, 1, 5), 76120 (10 not 8); KUMF 993 (1); NIFI 2414 (1); TISTR 2634 (1), 2651 (1); UMMZ 219201 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus multiradiatus Roberts 1992 -- (Rainboth 1996:142 [ref. 22772], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Kottelat 2001:124 [ref. 25780], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:84 [ref. 26894], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mystus multiradiatus Roberts 1992. Bagridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia: Mekong and Chao Phraya basins. Habitat: freshwater.

myersi, Leiocassis Roberts [T. R.] 1989:117, Fig. 92 [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences No. 14; ref. 6439] Small forest stream flowing into Kapuas River mainstream, about 0°24'N, 111°51'E, northeast of Gunung Setunggul, Borneo. Holotype: MZB 3588. Paratypes: BMNH 1982.3.29.153-154 (2); CAS 49375 (2); MNHN 1982-0703 (1); MZB 3589-91 (2, 1, 1); RMNH 28885 (1); USNM 230280 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:11 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Leiocassis myersi Roberts 1989 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:64 [ref. 23448], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901]). •Valid as Pseudomystus myersi (Roberts 1989) -- (Mo 1991:140 [ref. 19952], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:178 [ref. 23964], Ng & Lim 2005:16 [ref. 28081], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:160 [ref. 28284], Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155], Kim & Ng 2008:46 [ref. 29456], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus myersi (Roberts 1989). Bagridae. Distribution: Kapuas River, western Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

mysticetus, Mystus Roberts [T. R.] 1992:84, Fig. 3c [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 14632] Nakorn Phanom market, Thailand. Holotype: CAS 76121. Paratypes: ANSP 59321 (5), 60703 (1), 61530 (9), 87315 (1), 89438 (8), 89547 (49), 89551 (88); BMNH 1898.11.8.112-113 (2), 1920.7.13.14-15 (2), 1937.9.17.37 (1); CAS 67185-92 (5, 57, 3, 2, 26, 2, 1, 34), 67367-68 (7, 803); MNHN 0000-1555 (1), 0000-9534 (3); TISTR 2635-36 (2, 10), 2650 (21); USNM 306457 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus mysticetus Roberts 1992 -- (Rainboth 1996:143 [ref. 22772], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Kottelat 1998:101 [ref. 23436], Freyhof et al. 2000:96 [ref. 25184] as mysticeus, Kottelat 2001:124 [ref. 25780], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:84 [ref. 26894], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:263 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:46 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Mystus mysticetus Roberts 1992. Bagridae. Distribution: Southern Asia: Mekong and Chao River basins. Habitat: freshwater.

nanus, Mystus Sudasinghe [H.], Pethiyagoda [R.], Maduwage [K.] & Meegaskumbura [M.] 2016:164, Figs. 1, 2a, 3a, 4, 6a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 27 (no. 2) for Oct.; ref. 34902] Stream at Mawathgama, Bolgoda drainage, Colombo District, Western Province, Sri Lanka, 6°49'N, 80°00'E, elevation 16 meters. Holotype: NMSL 2015.12.01.NH. Paratypes: DZ, NMSL. Plus other non-type material. •Valid as Mystus nanus Sudasinghe, Pethiyagoda, Maduwage & Meegaskumbura 2016. Current status: Valid as Mystus nanus Sudasinghe, Pethiyagoda, Maduwage & Meegaskumbura 2016. Bagridae. Distribution: Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

naso, Liocassis Garman [S.] 1912:123 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 40 (pt 4); ref. 1544] Chang Jiang [Yangtze River], at Ichang, Hupei, China. Holotype (unique): MCZ 29847. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:108 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Leiocassis. •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:108 [ref. 29155]). Bagridae.

nebulosus, Nanobagrus Ng [H. H.] & Tan [H. H.] 1999:357, Fig. 3a, 4a [Zoological Studies v. 38 (no. 3); ref. 24159] Sungai Kahang and tributary about 44.4 kilometers from Mersing turnoff to Kluang just before side road to Endau Rompin Taman Negara, kilometer 96 from Mersing to Batu Pahat (2°3.93'N, 103°31.58'E), Johor, Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 42600. Paratypes: FMNH 62311 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:98 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:34 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Nanobagrus nebulosus Ng & Tan 1999 -- (Ferraris 2007:98 [ref. 29155], Ng 2008:93 [ref. 29540], Thomson et al. 2008:67 [ref. 29733], Ng 2010:60 [ref. 31047], Kottelat 2013:264 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Nanobagrus nebulosus Ng & Tan 1999. Bagridae. Distribution: Southern Malay Peninsula. Habitat: freshwater.

nemurus, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:423 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH (not found). Type information: Roberts 1993:28 [ref. 21799]. Placed on Official List of Species Names, Opinion 2011, See van Oijen et al. 2009:131 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Mystus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1989:121 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:66 [ref. 23448], Roberts 1993:28 [ref. 21799], Rainboth 1996:143 [ref. 22772], Vu & Nguyen 1997:27 [ref. 26438], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:69 [ref. 24534], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:85 [ref. 26894] dated 1839). •Valid as Hemibagrus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Mo 1991:132 [ref. 19952], Kottelat & Lim 1995:41 [ref. 23904] dated 1839, Ng & Ng 1995:134 [ref. 21730], Kottelat 1998:100 [ref. 23436], Kottelat & Lim 1995:238 [ref. 23210], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:589 [ref. 23647] as aff. nemurus, Howe 1998:188 [ref. 25506], Ng & Dodson 1999:49 [ref. 23894], Ng & Tan 1999:357 [ref. 24159], Tan & Ng 1999:271 [ref. 24254] as aff. nemurus, Ng & Rainboth 1999:560 [ref. 24608] as cf. nemurus, Ng et al. 2000:65 [ref. 24934], Kottelat 2001:122 [ref. 25780] as aff. nemurus, Ng et al. 2001:361 [ref. 25966] as cf. nemurus, Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:159 [ref. 28284] as cf. nemurus, Parenti & Lim 2005:189 [ref. 28285], Liu et al. 2012:648 [ref. 32220], Ng & Kottelat 2013:227 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:46 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

nemurus, Pimelodus Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:423 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Name mentioned in passing, not available; from Java, Indonesia. Bagridae.

ngasep, Mystus Darshan [A.], Vishwanath [W.], Mahanta [P. C.] & Barat [A.] 2011:2178, Figs. 1, Image 1 [Journal of Threatened Taxa v. 3 (no. 11); ref. 31641] Nambul River at Bijoygovinda-Polemleikai Bridge, Chindwin-Irrawaddy drainage, Manipur State, India, 24°48'N, 93°55'E. Holotype: MUMF 9500. Paratypes: MUMF 9501/1-9501/4 (4), 9502/1-9502/7 (7), 9503/1-9503/4 (4), 9504/1-9504/14 (14). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Mystus ngasep Darshan, Vishwanath, Mahanta & Barat 2011 -- (Ng & Pethiyagoda 2013:167 [ref. 33011], Kottelat 2013:263 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mystus ngasep Darshan, Vishwanath, Mahanta & Barat 2011. Bagridae. Distribution: Chindwin drainage, Manipur State, India. Habitat: freshwater.

niger, Bagrus docmac Daget [J.] 1954:244, Fig. 89 [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 36; ref. 11989] Bamako, Niger River, Sudan. Syntypes: MNHN 1954-0004 (1), 1960-0465 (2) 1960-0466 (1). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:270 [ref. 20870], Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155] •Synonym of Bagrus docmak (Forsskål 1775) -- (Risch 1986:11 [ref. 6190], Lévèque et al. 1991:142 [ref. 31367], Risch in Lévêque et al. 1992:399 [ref. 21590], Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Bagrus docmak (Forsskål 1775). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

niger, Batasio Vishwanath [W.] & Darshan [A.] 2006:2160, Fig. 1 and image 1(on www site) [Zoos' Print Journal v. 21 (no. 2); ref. 28454] Khujailok stream, Chandal River basin, Manipur, India. Holotype: MUMF9028. Paratypes: MUMF 9025 (1), 9027 (1), 9033 (5). •Valid as Batasio niger Vishwanath & Darshan 2006 -- (Arunachalam & Muralidharan 2007:2680 [ref. 29123], Ferraris 2007:445 [ref. 29155], Ferraris 2007:445 [ref. 29155], Plamoottil 2015:1806 [ref. 33977]). •Synonym of Batasio affinis Blyth 1860 -- (Ng & Kottelat 2008:290 [ref. 29391], Kottelat 2013:257 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Batasio affinis Blyth 1860. Bagridae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

nigriceps, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:412 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Java, Indonesia. Holotype: RMNH 2948. Type information: Roberts 1993:29 [ref. 21799]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155]. Neotype (but possibly the holotype) designated by Roberts 1993:29 [ref. 21799]; treated as invalid by Ng 2002:166 [ref. 26403] with holotype found. •Valid as Mystus nigriceps (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1989:122 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:130 [ref. 19952] as nigroceps, Kottelat et al. 1993:66 [ref. 23448], Roberts 1993:29 [ref. 21799], Kottelat & Lim 1995:239 [ref. 23210], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:175 [ref. 23964], Ng & Tan 1999:357 [ref. 24159], Tan & Ng 1999:278 [ref. 24254], Ng et al. 2001:357 [ref. 25966], Ng 2002:162 [ref. 26403], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:88 [ref. 26894] dated 1839, Ng 2003:373 [ref. 26909], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:159 [ref. 28284], Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:263 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mystus nigriceps (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Distribution: Java and southern Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

nitidus, Pseudobagrus Sauvage [H.-E.] & Dabry de Thiersant [P.] 1874:5 [Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (Zoologie et Paléontologie) (Sér. 6) v. 1 (art. 5); ref. 15665] Chang Jiang [Yangtze River], China. MNHN (not found in 2009). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:82 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Leiocassis nitidus (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874) -- (Lee & Kim 1990:129 [ref. 24033], Kim 1997:328 [ref. 24032], Kim & Park 2002:244 [ref. 25913], Youn 2002:184, 523 [ref. 26218]). •Valid as Pelteobagrus nitidus (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874) -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860], Li in Ding 1994:453 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:145 [ref. 25213], Cheng & Zhou 1997:206 [ref. 26385], Yang in Chen 1998:281 [ref. 23556], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:42 [ref. 24534], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:119 [ref. 28183]). •In Pseudobagrus -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:14 [ref. 29148]). •Incertae sedis in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:82 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus nitidus Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant -- (Cheng et al. 2009:56 [ref. 30165]). •Valid as Tachysurus nitidus (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2007:40 [ref. 29362], Zhang et al. 2016:184 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus nitidus (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874). Bagridae. Distribution: Amur River to Yangtze River tributary, China. Habitat: freshwater.

nubilosus, Pseudobagrus Ng [H. H.] & Freyhof [J.] 2007:10, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 29148] Nuoc Choc stream, a tributary of the Song Vinh Thanh, about 60 kilometers northwest of Qui Nhon, 14°12'37.2"N, 108°45'42.6"E, Binh Dinh Province, Vietnam. Holotype: UMMZ 246370. Paratypes: UMMZ 246320 (2); ZFMK 31245-46 (2). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:119 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus nubilosus Ng & Freyhof 2007. •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Tachysurus nobilosus (Ng & Freyhof 2007) -- (Kottelat 2013:267 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus nubilosus (Ng & Freyhof 2007). Bagridae. Distribution: Song Vinh Tranh river drainage, central Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

nudiceps, Pseudobagrus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1883:145 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 7; ref. 3896] Lake Biwa, Japan. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-6525. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:31 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155]. Also appeared in Sauvage 1883:155 [p. 12 of separate] [ref. 14348] with locality wrongly as Siam (see Kottelat 2000:86 [ref. 25486]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus nudiceps Sauvage 1883 -- (Watanabe & Maeda 1995:419 [ref. 22171], Watanabe 1998:264 [ref. 23491], Nakabo 2000:278 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:278 [ref. 26001], Watanabe & Nishida 2003:140 [ref. 26822]). •Valid as Pelteobagrus nudiceps (Sauvage 1883) -- (Okada 1961:582 [ref. 6363], Kottelat 1984:811 [ref. 11440], Sawada in Masuda et al. 1984:59 [ref. 6441], Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:136 [ref. 19952], Sato 1995:52 [ref. 25531], Sato et al. 1998:38 [ref. 24972], Matsuura et al. 2000:179 [ref. 26000], Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Tachysurus nudiceps (Sauvage 1882) -- (Ng 2009:24 [ref. 30544]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus nudiceps (Sauvage 1883). Bagridae. Distribution: Japan. Habitat: freshwater.

obscurus, Bagrichthys Ng [H. H.] 1999:546, Figs. 1-2 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 47 (no. 3); ref. 24406] Lam Chi, 1.5 kilometers below highway 23 bridge, 4 kilometers west of Selaphum, Roi Et Province, Thailand. Holotype: USNM 317511. Paratypes: CAS 92580 (2), 96567 (1); UMMZ 186765 (3), 214485-86 (1, 1), 214914 (2), 214917-18 (1, 2), 224509 (3), 232307 (2); USNM 103201 (2), 297111 (24), 315897 (1). Plus non-type specimens. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:83 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Bagrichthys obscurus Ng 1999 -- (Kottelat 2001:122 [ref. 25780], Ng 2002:49 [ref. 26074], Ferraris 2007:83 [ref. 29155], Philasamorn & Satrawaha 2009:9 [ref. 30192], Kottelat 2013:257 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Bagrichthys obscurus Ng 1999. Bagridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

oculatus, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:424 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Malabar coast, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1195. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:27 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus oculatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ganguly & Datta 1975:296 [ref. 7248] as occulatus, Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:568 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:131 [ref. 19952], Indra 1993:186 [ref. 24009], Rema Devi et al. 1996:137 [ref. 24021], Menon 1999:205 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:185 [ref. 25703], Rema-Devi 2001:297 [ref. 25883], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:89 [ref. 26894] dated 1839, Yadav 2003:19 [ref. 27711], Jayaram 2006:50 [ref. 28762] dated to 1839, Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155], Plamoottil & Abraham 2013:318 [ref. 32984], Plamoottil & Abraham 2013:43 [ref. 32983], Plamoottil & Abraham 2014:238 [ref. 33431], Plamoottil 2016:1975 [ref. 34462]). Current status: Valid as Mystus oculatus (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Distribution: Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

okadai, Coreobagrus Jayaram [K. C.] 1966:30, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan v. 24 (no. 3); ref. 20426] Upper region of Suzuka River, Mie Prefecture, Honshu, Japan. Holotype: ZSI. Paratypes: Okada Coll., Tokai Univ. (1); ZSI (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155]. See Das 2003:379 [ref. 27706] with date as 1967. •Valid as Coreobagrus okadai Jayaram 1966 -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus okadai (Jayaram 1967) -- (Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952]). •Synonym of Coreobagrus ichikawai Okada & Kubota 1957 -- (Watanabe et al. 1992:161 [ref. 20425], Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Coreobagrus ichikawai Okada & Kubota 1957. Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

olimcorporis, Pelteobagrus Li [S.], Liu [X.-Q.], Jiang [W.], Bai [Y.-Q.], Huang [T.] & Wang [J.-H.] 2016:623 [Mitochondrial DNA part B Resources v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 34757] Proposed conditionally and with no diagnosis, not available. •Natural hybrid of Tachysurus sp. x Pseudolaubuca sinensis [Cyprinidae]. Current status: Synonym of Tachysurus. Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

olyroides, Mystus Roberts [T. R.] 1989:124, Fig. 95 [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences No. 14; ref. 6439] Sintang Market (reportedly caught in Sungai Kebian), Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 3625. Paratypes: CAS 49382 (1). •Valid as Mystus olyroides Roberts 1989 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:66 [ref. 23448], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:91 [ref. 26894]). •Valid as Hemibagrus olyroides (Roberts 1989) -- (Mo 1991:132 [ref. 19952], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:159 [ref. 28284], Ng & Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus olyroides (Roberts 1989). Bagridae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

omeihensis, Leiocassis Nichols [J. T.] 1941:1 [American Museum Novitates No. 1107; ref. 13110] Omeihsien, Szechwan [Sichuan] Province, China, elevation 1600 feet. Holotype (unique): AMNH 15217. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus omeihensis (Nichols 1941) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Zhu 1995:147 [ref. 25213], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:68 [ref. 24534], Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155], Zhang et al. 2016:185 [ref. 34477]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Trachyurus omeihensis (Nichols 1941). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus omeihensis (Nichols 1941). Bagridae. Distribution: Sichuan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

ondon, Pseudobagrus Shaw [T.-H.] 1930:111, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin of the Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Peiping (Zoological Series) v. 1 (no. 7); ref. 16145] Small river at Shing-Tsong, Chekiang [Zhejiang Province], China. Holotype (unique): ASIZB [now NZMC] 19941 [ex 4449]. Type catalog: Zhang 1996:501 [ref. 24036], Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155], Ye et al. 2015:80 [ref. 33808]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus ondon Shaw 1930 -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Zhu 1995:146 [ref. 25213], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:53 [ref. 24534], Li et al. 2005:52 [ref. 28390], Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155], Cheng et al. 2008:118 [ref. 29608], Zhang et al. 2016:186 [ref. 34477]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Tachysurus ondon (Shaw 1930) -- (Ye et al. 2015:80 [ref. 33808]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus ondon (Shaw 1930). Bagridae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

orientalis, Bagrus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:37 [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 2 (fasc. 2); ref. 562] Zanzibar coast, Tanzania, East Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1865.9.21.17 (1) and 1867.3.7.488 (1) Pangani R. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]. Based on Bagrus bayad of Playfair & Günther 1867:114 [ref. 3490]. •Valid as Bagrus orientalis Boulenger 1902 -- (Risch 1986:13 [ref. 6190], Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:128 [ref. 19952], Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Bagrus orientalis Boulenger 1902. Bagridae. Distribution: Pangani River, Tanzania, eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

ornatus, Pseudobagrus Duncker [G.] 1904:173, Pl. 2 (figs. 13, 13a-c) [Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen (Zoologischen) Museum in Hamburg v. 21; ref. 5560] Muar River at Tubing Tinggi, Malaysia. Lectotype: ZMH H69. Paralectotypes: ZMH H179 (1). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:160 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:403 [ref. 21161] as syntypes, Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:160 [ref. 1918]. •Valid as Pelteobagrus ornatus (Duncker 1904) -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860] with question, Roberts 1989:126 [ref. 6439], Mo 1991:136 [ref. 19952], Kottelat et al. 1993:67 [ref. 23448] with uncertain genus). •Valid as Hyalobagrus ornatus (Duncker 1904) -- (Ng & Kottelat 1998:343 [ref. 23660], Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hyalobagrus ornatus (Duncker 1904). Bagridae. Distribution: Muar River drainage, southern Malay Peninsula. Habitat: freshwater.

pahangensis, Mystus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1940:14, Pl. 9 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 16; ref. 2130] Sungai Garam, near Karak, Pahang, Malaysia. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 33025. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:42 [ref. 12291], Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Mystus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1989:122 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:86 [ref. 26894]). •Status uncertain, in Hemibagrus -- (Mo 1991:132 [ref. 19952], Ng & Ng 1995:135 [ref. 21730]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Ng & Dodson 1999:49 [ref. 23894], Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus capitulum (Popta 1906) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2013:234 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus capitulum (Popta 1906). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

pakistanicus, Batasio Mirza [M. R.] & Jan [M. A.] 1989:283 [Science Khyber v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 16181] Jinnah Barrage (River Indus), Pakistan. Holotype: GCM 17-F. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155]. Original not yet seen. •Valid as Batasio pakistanicus Mirza & Jan 1989 -- (Rafique 2000:325 [ref. 25220], Ng & Kottelat 2001:509 [ref. 25746], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:17 [ref. 27265], Bhatt & Jayaram 2004:1342 [ref. 27473], Ng 2004:67 [ref. 27646] but generic placement uncertain, Ng & Edds 2004:295 [ref. 27993], Vishwanath & Darshan 2006:2162 [ref. 28454], Ng 2006:101 [ref. 28588], Jayaram 2006:86 [ref. 28762], Arunachalam & Muralidharan 2007:2680 [ref. 29123], Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155], Ng 2008:1 [ref. 29713], Darshan et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31332]). Current status: Valid as Batasio pakistanicus Mirza & Jan 1989. Bagridae. Distribution: Indus River basin, Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

panjang, Hemileiocassis Ng [H. H.] & Lim [K. K. P.] 2000:192, Figs. 1, 2A, 3 [Beaufortia v. 50 (no. 11); ref. 25218] Bogor, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMA 121529. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:92 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemileiocassis panjang Ng & Lim 2000 -- (Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:260 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemileiocassis panjang Ng & Lim 2000. Bagridae. Distribution: Java, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

parviocula, Olyra Kosygin [L.], Shangningam [B.] & Gopi [K. C.] 2018:590, Figs. 1-2 [Environmental Biology of Fishes v. 101 (no. 4); ref. 35785] Kameng River at Bhallukpong, Brahmaputra River basin, West Kameng District, Arunachal Pradesh, India, 27°01'N, 92°38'E. Holotype: ZSI FF 6058. Paratypes: ZSI. •Valid as Olyra parviocula Kosygin, Shangningam & Gopi 2018. Current status: Valid as Olyra parviocula Kosygin, Shangningam & Gopi 2018. Bagridae. Distribution: Kameng River drainage, Brahmaputra River basin, Arunachal Pradesh, northeastern India. Habitat: freshwater.

pavimentatus, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:94 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Mumbai, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-0684. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:29 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155]. Type information: Daget 1984:513 [ref. 23265]. See also Valenciennes in Jacquemont 1844: Pl. 17 (fig. 2) [ref. 17872]. •Incorrectly treated as valid as Rita pavimentatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:577 [ref. 20764] with wrong date, Menon 1999:197 [ref. 24904] with wrong date, Yadav 2003:19 [ref. 27711]). •Synonym of Rita gogra (Sykes 1839) -- (Jayaram 2006:15 [ref. 28762] wrongly dated to Valenciennes in Jacquemont 1832 [= 1844], Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Rita gogra (Sykes 1839). Bagridae. Distribution: India (when treated as valid). Habitat: freshwater.

peguensis, Macrones Boulenger [G. A.] 1894:196 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 14 (no. 81) (art. 28); ref. 14545] Sittang River near Toungoo, Myanmar. Syntypes: BMNH 1894.5.21.25-26 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus peguensis (Boulenger 1894) -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:569 [ref. 20764], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:92 [ref. 26894]). •Valid as Hemibagrus peguensis (Boulenger 1894) -- (Mo 1991:132 [ref. 19952], Ng & Ferraris 2000:136 [ref. 25041], Ng et al. 2001:361 [ref. 25966], Jayaram 2006:64 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:227 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus peguensis (Boulenger 1894). Bagridae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

pelusius, Silurus Solander [D. C.] in Russell 1794:210, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Natural History of Aleppo. Second Edition v. 2; ref. 19817] Kowick River, Aleppo, Syria. Syntypes: BMNH 1955.6.25.1 (1). •Valid as Mystus pelusius (Solander 1794) -- (Anuradha 1987:296 [ref. 20809], Coad 1991:18 [ref. 15702], Mo 1991:131 [ref. 19952], Roberts 1994:243 [ref. 21568], Coad 1995:24 [ref. 23608], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:93 [ref. 26894], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Fricke et al. 2007:54 [ref. 29533], Ferraris 2007:96 [ref. 29155], Coad 2010:225 [ref. 36620], Esmaeili et al. 2010:373 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:889 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:149 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:54 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Mystus pelusius (Solander 1794). Bagridae. Distribution: Western Asia, Euphrates River basin and Tigris River basin: Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

planiceps, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:421 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 2939 [not MNHN B-0615]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155]. Placed on Official List in Opinion 2011. Bleeker 1846:156 acts as first reviser selecting planiceps over anisurus. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1999:272. See van Oijen et al. 2009:135 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Mystus planiceps (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1989:122 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:66 [ref. 23448], Roberts 1993:30 [ref. 21799], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:96 [ref. 26894] dated 1839). •Valid as Hemibagrus planiceps (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Mo 1991:132 [ref. 19952], Ng & Ng 1995:133 [ref. 21730], see Kottelat & Lim 1995:238 [ref. 23210], Howe 1998:188 [ref. 25506], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:173 [ref. 23964], Tan & Ng 1999:276 [ref. 24254], Ng et al. 2000:65 [ref. 24934], Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:250 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus planiceps (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Distribution: Java. Habitat: freshwater.

planiceps, Pimelodus Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:421 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Not available, name mentioned in passing; from Java, Indonesia. Bagridae.

pluriradiatus, Macrones Vaillant [L. L.] 1892:126 [2] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (8th Série) v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 14518] Nam-Tiong-Kong River, tributary to Black River, near Poufang, Upper Tonkin, northern Vietnam. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1892-0048. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:27 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155]. On p. 2 of separate. •Synonym of Hemibagrus elongatus (Günther 1864) -- (Mai 1978:250 [ref. 13511]). •Valid as Mystus pluriradiatus (Vaillant 1892) -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Gao in Pan et al. 1991:316 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:148 [ref. 25213], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:70 [ref. 24534], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:97 [ref. 26894] dated 1890). •Valid as Hemibagrus pluriradiatus (Vaillant 1892) -- (Mo 1991:132 [ref. 19952], Kottelat et al. 1998:567 [ref. 23920], Kottelat 2001:51 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2001:122 [ref. 25780], Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155], Liu et al. 2012:648 [ref. 322220], Ng & Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:260 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:182 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus pluriradiatus (Vaillant 1892). Bagridae. Distribution: Northern Laos, Vietnam and China. Habitat: freshwater.

poecilopterus, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:431 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Hebak River, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 3004. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1863.12.11.158 (1). Type information: Roberts 1993:27 [ref. 21799]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:123 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Leiocassis poeciloptera (Valenciennes 1840) [often seen as poecilopterus] -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:139 [ref. 19952], Kottelat et al. 1993:65 [ref. 23448], Roberts 1993:27 [ref. 21799], Kottelat & Lim 1995:239 [ref. 23210], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:174 [ref. 23964], Tan & Ng 1999:277 [ref. 24254], Grinang & Lim 2004:290 [ref. 28551], Ng & Hadiaty 2005:91 [ref. 28215], Ng & Lim 2006:169 [ref. 28701], Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32989], Ng & Tan 2018:334 [ref. 36208], Ng et al. 2019:530 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Leiocassis poeciloptera (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Sumatra and Java (Indonesia), Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

praestigiosa, Olyra Ng [H. H.] & Ferraris [C. J., Jr.] 2016:382, Figs. 1, 2 [Zootaxa 4079 (no. 3); ref. 34194] Chel River, approximately 1.25 km north of Gorubathan, Kalimpong Subdivision, Darjeeling District, West Bengal, India, 26°58'19.6"N, 88°41'56.3"E. Holotype: UMMZ 250262. Paratypes: UMMZ, ZRC. •Valid as Olyra praestigiosa Ng & Ferraris 2016. Current status: Valid as Olyra praestigiosa Ng & Ferraris 2016. Bagridae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River drainage in Bangladesh and northeastern India. Habitat: freshwater.

pratti, Macrones Günther [A.] 1892:245, Pl. 1 (fig. B) [ ref. 14508] Kia-tiang-fu, Szechwan [Sichuan], Province, China, elevation 1070 feet. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1891.6.13.25. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus pratti (Günther 1892) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Zheng 1989:283 [ref. 21202], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Li in Ding 1994:465 [ref. 21531], Watanabe 1995 [ref. 22181], Zhu 1995:147 [ref. 25213], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:64 [ref. 24534], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Watanabe et al. 2002:386 [ref. 26501], Li et al. 2005:52 [ref. 28390], Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155], Zhang et al. 2016:186 [ref. 34477]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Tachysurus pratti (Günther 1892). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus pratti (Günther 1892). Bagridae. Distribution: Yangtze River basin, China. Habitat: freshwater.

procerus, Batasio Ng [H. H.] 2008:2, Figs. 1, 2a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 29713] Nan Hto Chaung in Putao, 27°19'44"N, 97°22'36"E, Kachin State, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 40927. Paratypes: NRM 24983 (2), 31073 (3). •Valid as Batasio procerus Ng 2008 -- (Darshan et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31332], Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Batasio procerus Ng 2008. Bagridae. Distribution: Upper Irrawaddy River drainage, northern Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

pulcher, Macrones Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1911:20, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 6 (pt 1); ref. 14785] Bhamo close to Yunnan border, Upper Myanmar. Syntypes: ZSI F4716/1 to 4719/1 (4). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:126 [ref. 20743], Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155] •Valid as Mystus pulcher (Chaudhuri 1911) -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:569 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:131 [ref. 19952], Selim & Vishwanath 1999:436 [ref. 25442], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:99 [ref. 26894], Jayaram 2006:52 [ref. 28762], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2009:248 [ref. 30202], Darshan et al. 2011:2177 [ref. 31641], Kottelat 2013:263 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mystus pulcher (Chaudhuri 1911). Bagridae. Distribution: Myanmar and China. Habitat: freshwater.

punctatus, Bagrus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:339 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Cavery River and its principal tributaries, southern India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus punctatus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:570 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:131 [ref. 19952], Manimekalan 1998:440 [ref. 24989], Menon 1999:206 [ref. 24904], Yadav 2000:41 [ref. 25661] as punctus, Rema-Devi 2001:297 [ref. 25883], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:101 [ref. 26894]). •Valid as Hemibagrus punctatus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Ng & Ferraris 2000:137 [ref. 25041], Jayaram 2006:65 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:227 [ref. 32495], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus punctatus (Jerdon 1849). Bagridae. Distribution: Cavery River and tributaries, India. Habitat: freshwater.

punctifer, Mystus Ng [H. H.], Wirjoatmodjo [S.] & Hadiaty [R. K.] 2001:356, Figs. 1, 2a [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 49 (no. 2); ref. 25967] Trail in Suag Belimbing research station, Gunung Leuser National Park, Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 8703. Paratypes: MZB 5626 (1), 8707 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus punctifer Ng, Wirjoatmodjo & Hadiaty 2001 -- (Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:263 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mystus punctifer Ng, Wirjoatmodjo & Hadiaty 2001. Bagridae. Distribution: Alas River basin, northern Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

rama, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:176, 377, Pl. 3 (fig. 55) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Brahmaputra River, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155] •Synonym of Rama chandramara (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:574 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:210 [ref. 24904], Ng & Kottelat 2001:495 [ref. 25746]). •Valid as Rama rama (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram 2006:71 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Rama rama (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Distribution: Brahnmaputra River basin: India and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

ramentosus, Bagrus (Bagrus) Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1849:7 [Horae Ichthyologicae No. 3; ref. 3073] America [actual Java, Indonesia]. Holotype: ZMB 2949. Paratypes: ZMB 2948 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:108 [ref. 29155]. Holotype needs searching -- was it the figured specimen -- see Kottelat 2013:261. •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:108 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Leiocassis poeciloptera (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Leiocassis poeciloptera (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae.

ransonnettii, Pseudobagrus Steindachner [F.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1887:287 [31] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 53 (1. abth.); ref. 4249] Osaka, Japan. Syntypes: (2) NMW. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Pseudobagrus aurantiacus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Okada 1961:575 [ref. 6363], Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Pelteobagrus ransonnettii (Steindachner 1887) -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860] as ransonnetii, Mo 1991:136 [ref. 19952]). •In Pseudobagrus -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:14 [ref. 29148]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). Current status: Synonym of Tachysurus aurantiacus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Bagridae. Distribution: Japan [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

regani, Leiocassis Jayaram [K. C.] 1965:9 [Bulletin of Systematic Zoology, Calcutta v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 20202] Sadong, Sarawak, Borneo, eastern Malaysia. Holotype: USNM 35732. Paratypes: USNM 171526 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:12 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]. See Das 2003:379 [ref. 27706] with type locality as India. •Questionably a synonym of Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1989:117 [ref. 6439]). •Valid as Leiocassis regani Jayaram 1965 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:139 [ref. 19952]). •Synonym of Leiocassis poecilopterus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1993:27 [ref. 21799], Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

rendahli, Aoria Pellegrin [J.] & Fang [P.-W.] 1940:340, Fig. 1 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 64; ref. 17244] Ou Tchang, Hou Pé [Hubei], China. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1939-0032. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:32 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:108 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus rendahli (Pellegrin & Fang 1940) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952] with question). •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:108 [ref. 29155]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). Bagridae. Distribution: Hou Pé [Hubei], China [if valid].

rex, Prajadhipokia Fowler [H. W.] 1934:339, Figs. 3-4 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1418] Bangkok, Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 60179. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:25 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Mystus bocourti (Bleeker 1864) -- (Roberts 1994:246 [ref. 21568], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:45 [ref. 26894], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Ferraris 2007:94 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus bocourti (Bleeker 1864). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

rhegma, Mystus Fowler [H. W.] 1935:102, Fig. 27 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 87; ref. 13881] Bangkok, Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 61748. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:25 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155] •Synonym of Mystus cavasius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:201 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Mystus rhegma Fowler 1935 -- (Roberts 1992:85 [ref. 14632], Roberts 1994:251 [ref. 21568], Rainboth 1996:143 [ref. 22772], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Kottelat 2001:124 [ref. 25780], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:103 [ref. 26894], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:263 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mystus rhegma Fowler 1935. Bagridae. Distribution: Thailand and Cambodia. Habitat: freshwater.

rhodopterygius, Bagrus Bleeker [P.] 1846:25 [153] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]. Appeared later in Bleeker 1846:153 [ref. 5872]. •Synonym of Mystus gulio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:57 [ref. 26894] as rhodopterigius, Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Mystus abbreviatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus abbreviatus (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

rita, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:165, 376, Pl. 24 (fig. 53) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Bengal estuaries. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Rita rita (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:38 [ref. 15970], Coad 1981:15 [ref. 22348], Burgess 1989:66 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:190 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:578 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:142 [ref. 19952], Ferraris 1999:21 [ref. 23839], Menon 1999:197 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:325 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2000:356 [ref. 25207], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662], Mirza 2003:17 [ref. 27265], Yadav 2003:19 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:210 [ref. 31338], Ng 2004:1 [ref. 27758], Jayaram 2006:19 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155], Shrestha 2008:152 [ref. 29923], Lal et al. 2017:80 [ref. 34862]). Current status: Valid as Rita rita (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Distribution: South Asia: Afghanistan, Pakistan, northern India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

ritoides, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:92 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Bengal. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-0683. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:29 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155]. •Mention under Rita rita (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:578 [ref. 20764], Jayaram 2006:19 [ref. 28762]). •Synonym of Rita rita (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:197 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:210 [ref. 31338], Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Rita rita (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

robustus, Leiocassis Inger [R. F.] & Chin [P. K.] 1959:290, Fig. 48 [Fieldiana Zoology v. 39 (no. 27); ref. 11998] Kinabatangan River at Deramakot, Kinabatangan District, Malaysia. Holotype: FMNH 68001. Paratypes: BMNH 1958.4.28.2 [ex FMNH] (1); FMNH 44827 (1), 68002-03 (1, 1), 68040 (2); N. Borneo Mus. [ex FMNH] (1); RMNH [ex FMNH] (3). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:51 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Leiocassis robustus Inger & Chin 1959 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:65 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Pseudomystus robustus (Inger & Chin 1959) -- (Mo 1991:140 [ref. 19952], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:590 [ref. 23647], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:178 [ref. 23964], Ng & Siebert 2005:3 [ref. 28064], Ng & Lim 2005:16 [ref. 28081], Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155], Kim & Ng 2008:46 [ref. 29456], Ng 2008:98 [ref. 29540], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus robustus (Inger & Chin 1959). Bagridae. Distribution: Malaysia and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

rubicauda, Macrones Bardach [J. E.] 1959:32a [Report on fisheries in Cambodia; ref. 24621] Cambodia. Name only, not available; mentioned as a doubtful species. •In the synonymy of Hemibagrus wyckioides (Fang & Chaux 1949) -- (Ng & Rainboth 1999:567 [ref. 24608], Kottelat 2001:124 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:260 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus wyckioides (Fang & Chaux 1949). Bagridae.

rufescens, Macrones Vinciguerra [D.] 1890:226, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 9; ref. 4520] Meetan, Tenasserim Provinces, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): MSNG 14585. Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:307 [ref. 10351], Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus rufescens (Vinciguerra 1890) -- (Roberts 1994:251 [ref. 21568], Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:571 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:131 [ref. 19952], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:104 [ref. 26894], Jayaram 2006:53 [ref. 28762], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2009:248 [ref. 30202], Darshan et al. 2011:2177 [ref. 31641], Ng & Pethiyagoda 2013:168 [ref. 33011]). Current status: Valid as Mystus rufescens (Vinciguerra 1890). Bagridae. Distribution: Irrawaddy, Sitting and lower Salween rivers, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

rugosus, Liocassis Regan [C. T.] 1913:552 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 11 (no. 66); ref. 14980] Puh [Poeh], Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1893.3.6.172. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Leiocassis. •Valid as Leiocassis rugosus Regan 1913 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:65 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Pseudomystus rugosus (Regan 1913) -- (Mo 1991:140 [ref. 19952], Kottelat & Lim 1995:239 [ref. 23210], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:176 [ref. 23964], Tan & Ng 1999:281 [ref. 24254], Doi et al. 2001:16 [ref. 25691], Ng & Siebert 2005:6 [ref. 28064], Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155], Kim & Ng 2008:46 [ref. 29456], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus rugosus (Regan 1913). Bagridae. Distribution: Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

sabanus, Mystus Inger [R. F.] & Chin [P. K.] 1959:294 [Fieldiana Zoology v. 39 (no. 27); ref. 11998] Kinabatangan River at Deramakot, Kinabatangan District, Malaysia. Holotype: FMNH 68088. Paratypes: BMNH 1958.4.28.5 [ex FMNH 68085] (1); FMNH 44851 (1), 68061-62 (1, 5), 68085 (4, now 1), 68086-87 (1, 1), 68089 (3); N. Borneo Mus. [ex FMNH 68085] (1); RMNH [ex FMNH 68085] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:59 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus sabanus Inger & Chin 1959 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:66 [ref. 23448], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:104 [ref. 26894]). •Valid as Hemibagrus sabanus (Inger & Chin 1959) -- (Mo 1991:132 [ref. 19952], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:589 [ref. 23647], Ng & Dodson 1999:51 [ref. 23894], Ng et al. 2000:65 [ref. 24934], Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:211 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:260 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:34 [ref. 35802]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus sabanus (Inger & Chin 1959). Bagridae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

sacerdotum, Rita Anderson [J.] 1879:864, Pl. 79 (fig. 3) [Anatomical and zoological researches; ref. 14265] Irrawaddy River at location of pagoda of Thingadow, 3rd Defile of Irrawaddy River, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1875.8.4.7 (dry, stuffed). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155]. •Questionably a synonym of Rita rita (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:578 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Rita sacerdotum Anderson 1879 -- (Ferraris 1999:19 [ref. 23839], Ng 2004:1 [ref. 27758], Jayaram 2006:21 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:106 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:266 [ref. 32989], Lal et al. 2017:80 [ref. 34862]). Current status: Valid as Rita sacerdotum Anderson 1879. Bagridae. Distribution: Irrawaddy, Sittaung and Salween River basins, Myanmar and west Thailand. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

saginata, Olyra Ng [H. H.], Lalramliana [no initials] & Lalthanzara [H.] 2014:266, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 3821 (no. 2); ref. 33353] Koladan [Kolodyne] River system, Palak River in the vicinity of Phurra Village, Mizoram, northeastern India, 22°03'15"N, 92°54'04"E. Holotype: PUCMF 13015. Paratypes: PUCMF 13016 (3), 13017 (1), 13018 (7); UMMZ 249919 (2); ZRC 54437 (1). •Valid as Olyra saginata Ng, Lalramliana & Lalthanzara 2014 -- (Ng et al. 2015:156 [ref. 33928], Ng & Ferraris 2016:387 [ref. 34194]). Current status: Valid as Olyra saginata Ng, Lalramliana & Lalthanzara 2014. Bagridae. Distribution: Mizoram, northeastern India. Habitat: freshwater.

saravacensis, Liocassis Boulenger [G. A.] 1894:246 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 13 (no. 75) (art. 26); ref. 535] Senah, Sarawak, Borneo, eastern Malaysia. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.3.6.168-169 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155].. Original genus should have been Leiocassis. •Valid as Leiocassis saravacensis Boulenger 1894 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:139 [ref. 19952] as sarawacensis, Kottelat et al. 1993:65 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:239 [ref. 23210], Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Leiocassis micropogon (Bleeker 1852). Bagridae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

sarwari, Aorichthys aor Mirza [M. R.], Nawaz [H.] & Javed [M. N.] 1992:211, Fig. 1 [Pakistan Journal of Zoology v. 24 (no. 3); ref. 21080] Ravi River at Head Balloki, Kasur District, Pakistan. Holotype: GCM F-19. Paratypes: not listed. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Aorichthys aor (Hamilton 1822), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901]). •Valid as Sperata sarwari (Mirza, Nawaz & Javed 1992) -- (Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:18 [ref. 27265]). •Synonym of Sperata seenghala (Sykes 1839) -- (Ferraris & Runge 1999:416 [ref. 24039], Jayaram 2006:33 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Sperata seenghala (Sykes 1839). Bagridae. Distribution: Indus River basin: Afganistan, Pakistan and India. Habitat: freshwater.

schlegelii, Bagrus Bleeker [P.] 1846:25 [153] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Possible types: AMS B.8123. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155], Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]. Appeared later in Bleeker 1846:153 [ref. 5872]. •Synonym of Arius venosus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Kailola 1999:1869 [ref. 24732] in part, Ferraris 2007:36 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Mystus gulio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:57 [ref. 26894] as schlegelli, Ferraris 2007:95 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Mystus abbreviatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kottelat 2013:262 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mystus abbreviatus (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

seenghala, Platystoma Sykes [W. H.] 1839:164 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Deccan, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155]. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:61 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:371, Pl. 65 (fig. 2) [ref. 18868]. •Valid as Mystus seenghala (Sykes 1839) -- (Shrestha 1978:38 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:198 [ref. 24860]). •Valid as Aorichthys seenghala (Sykes 1839) -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:548 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:129 [ref. 19952], Mirza et al. 1992:211 [ref. 21080], Sen 1995:558 [ref. 23778], Banik & Choudhury 1996:579 [ref. 24736], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:171 [ref. 24760], Menon 1999:209 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662], Yadav 2003:18 [ref. 27711], Shrestha 2008:146 [ref. 29923]). •Valid as Sperata seenghala (Sykes 1839) -- (Ferraris & Runge 1999:416 [ref. 24039], Mirza 2000:356 [ref. 25207], Ataur Rahman 2003:218 [ref. 31338], Jayaram 2006:31 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:107 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:266 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Sperata seenghala (Sykes 1839). Bagridae. Distribution: South central Asia: Ganges River system and peninsular India: Nepal, Indai, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

seengtee, Pimelodus Sykes [W. H.] 1839:164 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Deccan, India. Possible holotype: BMNH 1857.6.13.154 (1). Non-type type: BMNH 1860.3.19.955 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155]. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:61 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:374, Pl. 66 (fig. 2) [ref. 18868]. See Chakrabarty & Ng 2005:17 [ref. 28556] for information on the type. •Synonym of Mystus cavasius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Roberts 1994:248 [ref. 21568], Menon 1999:200 [ref. 24904] as seengfee, Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:46 [ref. 26894] dating to 1841, Jayaram 2006:40 [ref. 28762]). •Valid as Pimelodus seengtee Sykes 1839 -- (Coad 1981:15 [ref. 22348]). •Valid as Mystus seengtee (Sykes 1839) -- (Chakrabarty & Ng 2005:9 [ref. 28556], Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155], Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:233 [ref. 29985], Ng & Pethiyagoda 2013:168 [ref. 33011], Plamoottil & Abraham 2014:238 [ref. 33431], Plamoottil 2016:1975 [ref. 34462]). Current status: Valid as Mystus seengtee (Sykes 1839). Bagridae. Distribution: Southern India (Sri Lanka now Mystus zeylanicus). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

semotus, Hemibagrus Ng [H. H.] & Kottelat [M.] 2013:215, Fig. 6 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 61 (no. 1); ref. 32495] Sabah, Padras River at Tenom, Borneo. Holotype: ZRC 46121. Paratypes: FMNH 96272 (1); ZRC 46122 (9), 46789 (1). •Valid as Hemibagrus semotus Ng & Kottelat 2013 -- (Kottelat 2013:260 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus semotus Ng & Kottelat 2013. Bagridae. Distribution: Sabah, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

sharavatiensis, Batasio Bhatt [A.] & Jayaram [K. C.] 2004:1339, Figs. 2-4 [Zoos' Print Journal v. 19 (no. 2); ref. 27473] River Sharavati, 14°14'N, 74°49'E, Joginmatha, Uttara Kannada District, Karnataka, India. Holotype: ZSI/SRS F 6419. Paratypes: CES/IISc (2), ZSI/SRS F 6420 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155] First author cited as Anuradha by Jayaram 2006:86 [ref. 28762] -- needs research. •Valid as Batasio sharavatiensis Bhatt & Jayaram 2004 -- (Ng & Edds 2004:295 [ref. 27993], Vishwanath & Darshan 2006:2162 [ref. 28454], Ng 2006:101 [ref. 28588], Jayaram 2006:86 [ref. 28762], Arunachalam & Muralidharan 2007:2680 [ref. 29123], Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155], Ng 2008:1 [ref. 29713], Darshan et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31332], Plamoottil 2015:1805 [ref. 33977]). Current status: Valid as Batasio sharavatiensis Bhatt & Jayaram 2004. Bagridae. Distribution: Sharavati River system and Thungaa River basin, India. Habitat: freshwater.

siamensis, Liocassis Regan [C. T.] 1913:550 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 11 (no. 66); ref. 14980] Bangpakong River, Chao Phraya basin, Thailand. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1897.10.8.126. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Leiocassis. •Valid as Leiocassis siamensis Regan 1913 -- (Burgess 1989:71 [ref. 12860], Rainboth 1996:140 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Pseudomystus siamensis (Regan 1913) -- (Mo 1991:140 [ref. 19952], Kottelat 1998:101 [ref. 23436], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:176 [ref. 23964], Freyhof et al. 2000:96 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:125 [ref. 25780], Ng & Siebert 2005:6 [ref. 28064], Ng & Lim 2005:16 [ref. 28081], Ng & Freyhof 2005:748 [ref. 28480], Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155], Kim & Ng 2008:46 [ref. 29456], Ng 2008:98 [ref. 29540], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:46 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus siamensis (Regan 1913). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia: Mekong and Chao Phraya basins and peninsular Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

sieboldii, Bagrus Bleeker [P.] 1846:27 [155] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 15881 (5), SMNS 10572 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:8 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:15 [ref. 29864], Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155]. Appeared later in Bleeker 1846:155 [ref. 5872]. Placed on Official list in Opinion 2011. •Synonym of Mystus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Roberts 1989:122 [ref. 6439], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:85 [ref. 26894] as Bagrus hoevenii siebaldi). •Status uncertain, in Hemibagrus -- (Ng & Ng 1995:135 [ref. 21730]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Kottelat & Lim 1995:45 [ref. 23904], Ferraris 2007:90 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:232 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus nemurus (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

similis, Leiocassis Nichols [J. T.] 1926:1, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 214; ref. 15600] Min River, near Nanping, Fukien [Fujian] Province, China. Holotype (unique): AMNH 8444. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:108 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:108 [ref. 29155]). Bagridae.

sinensis, Bagrus Brandt [J. F.] in Maak 1861:195 [Vol. 1; ref. 20281] Ussuri River. Original not seen; apparently name only and not available; from Sungatschi. •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:108 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Tachysurus ussuriensis (Dybowski 1872). Bagridae.

sinensis, Tachysurus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:150, 151[?305], Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Huairou Reservoir, about 2 kilometers northeast of observatory, 40°19'00"N, 116°37'31"E, Huairou County, Beiging, China. Neotype: USNM 336888. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:431 [ref. 29155]. Neotype designated by Ng & Kottelat 2007:37, 43 [ref. 29362]. Lacepède's description was based on a figure, reproduced in Ng & Kottelat 2007:35 [ref. 29362] as Fig. 2. Neotype designation confirmed by Ng & Kottelat 2008:154 [ref. 29873]. •Valid as Arius sinensis (Lacepède 1803) -- (Ni & Wu in Kuang et al. 1986:171 [ref. 26639], Zheng 1989:293 [ref. 21202], Lu in Pan et al. 1991:323 [ref. 23876], Chen et al. 1997:23 [ref. 26476], Cheng & Zhou 1997:204 [ref. 26385], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:184 [ref. 24534]). •Nomen dubium in Bagridae -- (Kailola 2004:144 [ref. 28108], but with problems on the type). •Species inquirenda in Siluriformes -- (Ferraris 2007:431 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Tachysurus sinensis Lacepède 1802 in Bagridae -- (Ng & Kottelat 2007:35 [ref. 29362], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:341 [ref. 30085], Ng 2009:24 [ref. 30544], Kottelat 2013:267 [ref. 32989], Parin et al. 2014:106 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:671 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus sinensis Lacepède 1803. Bagridae. Distribution: Yongding River basin, China [distribution possibly much wider in Asia]. Habitat: freshwater.

singaringan, Bagrus Bleeker [P.] 1846:22 [150] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Western Java, Indonesia. Neotype: RMNH 2951. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155]. Appeared later in Bleeker 1846:150 [ref. 5872]. Neotype designated by Roberts 1994:252 [ref. 21568]. Roberts 1994:252 [ref. 21568] serves as first reviser selecting singaringan over heterurus. •Valid as Mystus singaringan (Bleeker 1846) -- (Roberts 1994:252 [ref. 21568], Rainboth 1996:142 [ref. 22772], Burgess & Finley 1996:164 [ref. 22901], Kottelat 1998:101 [ref. 23436], Ng & Tan 1999:357 [ref. 24159], Tan & Ng 1999:278 [ref. 24254], Freyhof et al. 2000:96 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:124 [ref. 25780], Ng 2002:166 [ref. 26403], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:106 [ref. 26894], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:160 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:190 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155], Ng & Pethiyagoda 2013:167 [ref. 33011], Kottelat 2013:263 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:46 [ref. 33971], Ng et al. 2019:530 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Mystus singaringan (Bleeker 1846). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

sinyanensis, Leiocassis Fu [T.-S.] 1935:178, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Peiping (Zoology Series) v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 13695] Szewangshan, Sinyang [Xinyang], southern Honan [Henan], China. Holotype (unique): ASIZB [now NZMC] 19944. Type catalog: Zhang 1996:501 [ref. 24036] as sinyangensis, Ferraris 2007:108 [ref. 29155], Ye et al. 2015:78 [ref. 33808].. •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:108 [ref. 29155]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus sinyanensis (Fu 1935) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952] with question, Ye et al. 2015:78 [ref. 33808]). •Valid as Tachysurus sinyanensis (Fu 1935). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus sinyanensis (Fu 1935). Bagridae. Distribution: Sin-yang [Xinyang], southern Honan [Henan], China. Habitat: freshwater.

sobrinus, Pseudomystus Ng [H. H.] & Freyhof [J.] 2005:745, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 2005 (no. 4); ref. 28480] Stream about 15 kilometers south of Tuy Hoa, 12°53'05"N, 109°23'70"E, Phu Yen Province, Vietnam. Holotype: ZFMK 27167. Paratypes: UMMZ 245016 (3); ZFMK 24068-24073 (6), 27166 (1), 27168-27183 (17), 27184-27185 (2); ZRC 49127 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:38 [ref. 29920], Herder et al. 2010:119 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Pseudomystus sobrinus Ng & Freyhof 2005 -- (Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155], Kim & Ng 2008:46 [ref. 29456], Ng 2008:98 [ref. 29540], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus sobrinus Ng & Freyhof 2005. Bagridae. Distribution: Song Ba and nearby rivers, southern Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

songdaensis, Hemibagrus Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:629, Fig. 47 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Van Yên (Yên Châu, Son La), Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTS I, Bac Ninh. Paratypes: (2). •Questionably a synonym of Hemibagrus pluriradiatus (Vaillant 1892) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32495]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus pleuriradiatus (Vaillant 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:260 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus pluriradiatus (Vaillant 1892). Bagridae. Distribution: Upper Da River, Lai Châu, Vietnam (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

spilopterus, Hemibagrus Ng [H. H.] & Rainboth [W. J.] 1999:562, Figs. 5, 7a, 8a [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 47 (no. 2); ref. 24608] Bassac River at village of Prek Chey on Vietnamese border, 10°57'N, 105°06'E, Kandal, Cambodia. Holotype: UMMZ 232611. Paratypes: CAS 93949 (1), 209760 (1); CMK 15121 (1); UMMZ 181163 (2), 232644 (1), 232699 (3), 232731 (2); ZRC 43322-24 (1, 1, 10). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:29 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Hemibagrus spilopterus Ng & Rainboth 1999 -- (Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:244 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:260 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus spilopterus Ng & Rainboth 1999. Bagridae. Distribution: Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

spilotus, Tachysurus Ng [H. H.] 2009:17, Figs. 1, 2a, 3a, 4a [Zootaxa No. 2283; ref. 30544] Suoi Mo, Ba Na foothills,16°00'28.8"N, 108°02'35.0"E, Song Thuy Loan drainage, Da Nang Province, Vietnam. Holotype: ZRC 52722. Paratypes: UMMZ 245594 (2), 245595 (3); ZMB 33604 (2), 33605 (3); ZRC 50753 (29), 50754 (15), 50575 (1), 50277 (1); •Valid as Tachysurus spilotus Ng 2009 -- (Kottelat 2013:267 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus spilotus Ng 2009. Bagridae. Distribution: Coastal river drainages, central Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

spilurus, Batasio Ng [H. H.] 2006:110, Fig. 5 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 68 (suppl. A); ref. 28588] Assam, Dibrugarh District, about 27°29'N, 94°54'E, India. Holotype: ZRC 49133. Paratypes: ZRC 50201 (1). •Valid as Batasio spilurus Ng 2006 -- (Arunachalam & Muralidharan 2007:2680 [ref. 29123], Ferraris 2007:442 [ref. 29155], Ng 2008:1 [ref. 29713], Ng 2009:253 [ref. 30216], Darshan et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31332], Plamoottil 2015:1806 [ref. 33977]). Current status: Valid as Batasio spilurus Ng 2006. Bagridae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River drainage, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, India. Habitat: freshwater.

stellatus, Nanobagrus Tan [H. H.] & Ng [H. H.] 2000:278, Fig. 5a [Journal of Natural History v. 34 (no. 2); ref. 24254] Sungai Alai (from aquarium collectors), Jambi Province, Sumatra. Holotype: MZB 9306. Paratypes: CMK 14811 (1), ZRC 42546 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:98 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:34 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Nanobagrus stellatus Tan & Ng 2000 -- (Ferraris 2007:98 [ref. 29155], Ng 2008:93 [ref. 29540], Thomson et al. 2008:67 [ref. 29733], Ng 2010:60 [ref. 31047], Kottelat 2013:264 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Nanobagrus stellatus Tan & Ng 2000. Bagridae. Distribution: Batang Hari basin, Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

stenogrammus, Pseudomystus Ng [H. H.] & Siebert [D. J.] 2005:2, Figs. 1, 3a [Zootaxa No. 813; ref. 28064] Sungai Laung at Dessa Maruwei, Sungai, Kalimantan Tengah, Borneo. Holotype: MZB 6103. Paratypes: BMNH 1998.10.1.1 (1), 1998.10.1.2 (1), 1998.10.1.4 (1), 1998.10.1.6 (1); ZRC 46152 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:38 [ref. 29920]. Pseudomystus ornatus is a nomen nudum appearing in the figure caption. •Valid as Pseudomystus stenogrammus Ng & Siebert 2005 -- (Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155], Kim & Ng 2008:46 [ref. 29456], Ng 2008:98 [ref. 29540], Kottelat 2013:265 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus stenogrammus Ng & Siebert 2005. Bagridae. Distribution: Barito River drainage, Kalimantan, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

stenomus, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:415 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Purchase from roadside vendor at Pasar Anya, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 2986. Type information: Roberts 1993:27 [ref. 21799]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155]. For images of the holotype see Grant 2009 [ref. 30132]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:147 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Leiocassis stenomus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Burgess 1989:71 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:65 [ref. 23448], Roberts 1993:27 [ref. 21799], Rainboth 1996:140 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Pseudomystus stenomus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Mo 1991:140 [ref. 19952], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:177 [ref. 23964], Ng & Tan 1999:359 [ref. 24159] with author as Fowler, Tan & Ng 1999:281 [ref. 24254], Ng & Lim 2005:17 [ref. 28081], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:160 [ref. 28284] as cf. stenomus, Parenti & Lim 2005:190 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:104 [ref. 29155], Ng 2008:98 [ref. 29540], Grant 2009:16 [ref. 30132], Ng 2010:67 [ref. 31047], Kottelat 2013:266 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus stenomus (Valenciennes 1840). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia: Thailand, Lampuchea, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

stigmaturus, Mystus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:94, Figs. 41-42 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Nakon Sritamarat, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 59338. Paratypes: ANSP 59339-41 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:25 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Batasio havmolleri (Smith 1931) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2001:501 [ref. 25746], Ferraris 2007:85 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Batasio fluviatilis (Day 1888) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2008:293 [ref. 29391], Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989]) Current status: Synonym of Batasio fluviatilis (Day 1888). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

sykesii, Gogrius Day [F.] 1867:563 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 2) (art. 7); ref. 1075] Kurnool and the Deccan, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: ZSI 1200 (1), 3107 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:157 [ref. 23762], Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155]. Unneeded new name for Phractocephallus gogra Syker 1839 to avoid Strickland tautonymy. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Synonym of Rita pavimentata (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Menon 1999:197 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Rita gogra (Sykes 1839) -- (Jayaram 2006:15 [ref. 28762] as sykesi, Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Rita gogra (Sykes 1839). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

taeniatus, Macrones (Liocassis) Günther [A.] 1873:245 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 12 (no. 69) (art. 31); ref. 2004] Shanghai, China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1873.7.30.73. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155]. Original subgenus should have been Leiocassis. •Valid as Pseudobagrus taeniatus (Günther 1873) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Zhu 1995:146 [ref. 25213], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:56 [ref. 24534], Watanabe & Nishida 2003:143 [ref. 26822], Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155], Cheng et al. 2008:118 [ref. 29608], Zhang et al. 2016:186 [ref. 34477]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Tachysurus taeniatus (Günther 1873). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus taeniatus (Günther 1873). Bagridae. Distribution: Yangtze River to Minjiang, China. Habitat: freshwater.

taiwanensis, Pseudobagrus Oshima [M.] 1919:180, Pl. 48 (fig. 1) [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 12 (nos 2-4); ref. 3312] Tozen River near Taichu, Taiwan. Lectotype: FMNH 59078 [ex CM 8215]. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 23124 (3), 23128 (2). Type catalog: Henn 1928:75 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:70 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155], Ho & Shao 2011:34 [ref. 31432]. Technically, the described specimen was designated as the lectotype by Eschmeyer 1998:1646 [ref. 23416]; syntypes originally because a second locality was listed. •Valid as Pseudobagrus taiwanensis Oshima 1919 -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Zhu 1995:146 [ref. 25213], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:55 [ref. 24534], Ferraris 2007:102 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus brevianalis Regan 1908 subspecies taiwanensis Oshima 1919 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:34 [ref. 31432]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Tachysurus taiwanensis (Oshima 1919). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus taiwanensis (Oshima 1919). Bagridae. Distribution: Taiwan. Habitat: freshwater.

taphrophilus, Hemibagrus Sauvage [H.-E.] & Dabry de Thiersant [P.] 1874:6 [Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (Zoologie et Paléontologie) (Sér. 6) v. 1 (art. 5); ref. 15665] Canals in occidental Tschuang (Xizang?), China. Holotype (unique): At MNHN. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:108 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:108 [ref. 29155]). Bagridae.

taybacensis, Hemibagrus Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:625, Fig. 45 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Lai Chau Town, Lai Châu, Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTS I, Bac Ninh. Paratypes: (3). •Questionably a synonym of Hemibagrus pluriradiatus (Vaillant 1892) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2013:261 [ref. 32495]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus pleuriradiatus (Vaillant 1892) -- (Kottelat 2013:260 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus pluriradiatus (Vaillant 1892). Bagridae. Distribution: Lai Châu, Da Bac (Hoà Bình), and Bao Thang (Lào Cai), Vietnam (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

tenebricus, Leiocassis Ng [H. H.] & Lim [K. K. P.] 2006:169, Fig. 3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 17 (no. 2); ref. 28701] Sungai Nah, tributary to Kayan River, about 20 minutes upstream of confluence with Iwan River 1°57'43.2"N, 115°06'35.4"E, Kayan River drainage, Kalimantan Timur, Borneo, elevation 550 meters. Holotype: MZB 10718. Paratypes: ZRC 46155 (3). Type catalog: Ng & Kim 2008:32 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Leiocassis tenebricus Ng & Lim 2006 -- (Ferraris 2007:443 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Leiocassis tenebrica Ng & Lim 2006 -- (Kottelat 2013:261 [32989], Ng & Tan 2018:334 [ref. 36208]). Current status: Valid as Leiocassis tenebrica Ng & Lim 2006. Bagridae. Distribution: Kayan River basin, northeastern Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

tengana, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:176, 377, Pl. 39 (fig. 58) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Tista River at Tista barrage, 26°45'10"N, 88°34'11"E, India. Neotype: UMMZ 244796. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155]. See Ng & Kottelat 2001:507 [ref. 25746] for comments on locality. Neotype designated by Ng 2006:103 [ref. 28588]. •Synonym of Mystus vittatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Roberts 1992:80 [ref. 14632]). •Valid as Batasio tengana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:194 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:551 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:141 [ref. 19952], Sen 1995:560 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:211 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662] as tengara, Ng & Kottelat 2001:507 [ref. 25746], Ataur Rahman 2003:214 [ref. 31338], Bhatt & Jayaram 2004:1341 [ref. 27473], Ng 2004:67 [ref. 27646], Ng & Edds 2004:295 [ref. 27993], Vishwanath & Darshan 2006:2162 [ref. 28454], Ng 2006:101 [ref. 28588], Jayaram 2006:87 [ref. 28762], Arunachalam & Muralidharan 2007:2680 [ref. 29123], Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155], Ng 2008:1 [ref. 29713], Ng 2009:253 [ref. 30216], Darshan et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31332], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Plamoottil 2015:1806 [ref. 33977]). Current status: Valid as Batasio tengana (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River basin: India and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

tengara, Pimelodus Hamilton [F.] 1822:183, 377, Pl. 3 (fig. 61) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ponds of India. No types known. Possible syntypes: BMNH 1858.8.15.94-96 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155]. •Questionably a synonym of Mystus vittatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Grant 2006 [ref. 28890]). •Valid as Mystus tengara (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:38 [ref. 15970], Coad 1981:15 [ref. 22348], Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:202 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:571 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:131 [ref. 19952], Nath 1996:593 [ref. 24975], Menon 1999:206 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:325 [ref. 25220], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:107 [ref. 26894], Mirza 2003:17 [ref. 27265], Ataur Rahman 2003:224 [ref. 31338], Jayaram 2006:54 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:97 [ref. 29155], Shrestha 2008:151 [ref. 29923], Patra 2011:1612 [ref. 31232], Darshan et al. 2011:2177 [ref. 31641], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Kottelat 2013:264 [ref. 32989], Sudasinghe et al. 2016:171 [ref. 34902]). Current status: Valid as Mystus tengara (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Distribution: Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Thailand and Java. Habitat: freshwater.

tenuifurcatus, Leiocassis Nichols [J. T.] 1931:1 [American Museum Novitates No. 449; ref. 16310] Chungan Hsien, northwestern Fukien Province, China. Holotype: AMNH 9681. Paratypes: AMNH 11086 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pelteobagrus tenuifurcatus (Nichols 1931) -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:137 [ref. 19952]). •Valid as Leiocassis tenuifurcatus Nichols 1931 -- (Zhu 1995:145 [ref. 25213], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:47 [ref. 24534], Ferraris 2007:93 [ref. 29155], Zhang et al. 2016:183 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus tenuifurcatus (Nichols 1931) -- (Chenget al. 2009:67 [ref. 30165]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus tenuifurcatus (Nichols 1931). Bagridae. Distribution: Fukien Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

tenuis, Macrones (Pseudobagrus) Günther [A.] 1873:244 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 12 (no. 69) (art. 31); ref. 2004] Shanghai, China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1873.7.30.72. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus tenuis (Günther 1873) -- (Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Li in Ding 1994:462 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:146 [ref. 25213], Cheng & Zhou 1997:213 [ref. 26385], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:58 [ref. 24534], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Li et al. 2005:52 [ref. 28390], Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155], Zhang et al. 2016:186 [ref. 34477]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Tachysurus tenuis (Günther 1873). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus tenuis (Günther 1873). Bagridae. Distribution: Yangtze River to Minjiang, China. Habitat: freshwater.

tigrinus, Batasio Ng [H. H.] & Kottelat [M.] 2001:504, Fig. 6 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 108 (no. 3); ref. 25746] Kilometer 49 on road from Thon Pha Phun to Sangkhla, 15°04'25"N, 98°33'51"E, Huai Lia, Mae Nam Khwae Noi basin, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand. Holotype: ZRC 40624. Paratypes: CAS 213312 (1); CMK 14431 (1), 14533 (9), 14541 (1); ZRC 40623 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:26 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Batasio tigrinus Hg & Kottelat 2001 -- (Bhatt & Jayaram 2004:1342 [ref. 27473], Ng 2004:67 [ref. 27646], Ng & Edds 2004:295 [ref. 27993], Vishwanath & Darshan 2006:2162 [ref. 28454], Ng 2006:101 [ref. 28588], Arunachalam & Muralidharan 2007:2680 [ref. 29123], Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155], Ng 2008:1 [ref. 29713], Darshan et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31332], Kottelat 2013:258 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Batasio tigrinus Ng & Kottelat 2001. Bagridae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

tokiensis, Pseudobagrus Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1887:288 [32] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 53 (1. abth.); ref. 4249] River near Tokyo, Japan. Possible syntypes: (several) BMNH 1891.5.26.19-20 (2); MZS 498 (7), 643 (1); ?ZMB 12246 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155]. Type information (MZS, ZMB) from Amaoka & Fujii 1999:149, 150 [ref. 26515]; MZS 643 identified as Pseudobagrus aurantiacus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) by Amaoka & Fujii 1999:150 [ref. 26515]. •Synonym of Pseudobagrus aurantiacus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Okada 1961:575 [ref. 6363]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus tokiensis Döderlein 1887 -- (Watanabe & Maeda 1995:413 [ref. 22171], Watanabe 1998:264 [ref. 23491], Nakabo 2000:278 [ref. 25086], Matsuura et al. 2000:181 [ref. 26000], Nakabo 2002:278 [ref. 26001], Watanabe & Nishida 2003:140 [ref. 26822], Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus tokiensis (Döderlein 1887). Bagridae. Distribution: Japan. Habitat: freshwater.

tonkinensis, Pelteobagrus Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:615, Fig. 41 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Outskirts of Hanoi, Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTS I, Bac Ninh. Paratypes: (3). •Valid as Pelteobagrus tonkinensis Nguyen 2005. •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085], Kottelat 2013:267 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Tachysurus tonkinensis (Nguyen 2005). Bagridae. Distribution: Rivers in the northern plains of Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

torosilabris, Liocassis Sauvage [H.-E.] & Dabry de Thiersant [P.] 1874:7 [Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (Zoologie et Paléontologie) (Sér. 6) v. 1 (art. 5); ref. 15665] Chang Jiang [Yangtze River], China. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5936. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:29 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:108 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Leiocassis. •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:108 [ref. 29155]). Bagridae. Distribution: Yangtze River, China.

torquatus, Nanobagrus Thomson [A. W.], López [J. A.], Hadiaty [R. K.] & Page [L. M.] 2008:68, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 157; ref. 29733] Air Rambang about 80 kilometers southwest of Palembang, Air Musi drainage, 3°33'02"S, 104°15'50"E, Sumatra Selatan, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 15315. Paratypes: ANSP 187394 (2); CAS 226003 (2); MZB 15316 (5); UF 167007 (5) •Valid as Nanobagrus torquatus Thomson, López, Hadiaty & Page 2008 -- (Ng 2010:60 [ref. 31047], Kottelat 2013:264 [ref. 32989], Ng 2018:44 [ref. 35871]). Current status: Valid as Nanobagrus torquatus Thomson, López, Hadiaty & Page 2008. Bagridae. Distribution: Central and south Sumatra, Malay Peninsula and Western Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

trachacanthus, Bagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:419 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Bengal. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-1191 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:27 [ref. 19575]. •Synonym of Mystus menoda (Hamilton 1822) -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Menon 1999:204 [ref. 24904], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:75 [ref. 26894]). •Valid as Mystus trachacanthus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Mo 1991:130 [ref. 19952]). •Synonym of Hemibagrus menoda (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ng & Ferraris 2000:130 [ref. 25041], Jayaram 2006:60 [ref. 28762], Ng & Kottelat 2013:224 [ref. 32495]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibagrus menoda (Hamilton 1822). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

travancoria, Batasio Hora [S. L.] & Law [N. C.] 1941:40, Pl. 2 (figs. 7-9); Fig. 3 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 43 (pt 1); ref. 13241] Peruntenaruvi, tributary of Pamba River at Edakadathy, Kerala, southwestern India. Holotype: ZSI F13449/1. Paratypes: ZSI F13450/1 (2), F13451/1 (1), F13452/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:126 [ref. 20743], Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155]. See Das 2003:379 [ref. 27706] as travancorica. •Valid as Batasio travancoria Hora & Law 1941 -- (Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:552 [ref. 20764], Mo 1991:141 [ref. 19952], Rema Devi et al. 1996:136 [ref. 24021], Menon 1999:212 [ref. 24904], Ng & Kottelat 2001:495 [ref. 25746], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Bhatt & Jayaram 2004:1341 [ref. 27473], Ng 2004:67 [ref. 27646], Ng & Edds 2004:295 [ref. 27993], Vishwanath & Darshan 2006:2162 [ref. 28454], Ng 2006:101 [ref. 28588], Jayaram 2006:88 [ref. 28762], Arunachalam & Muralidharan 2007:2680 [ref. 29123], Ferraris 2007:86 [ref. 29155], Ng 2008:1 [ref. 29713], Darshan et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31332], Plamoottil 2015:1802 [ref. 33977]). Current status: Valid as Batasio travancoria Hora & Law 1941. Bagridae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

trilineatus, Leiocassis Zheng [C.-Y.] 1979:182 (English p. 183), Fig. 1 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 8389] Mountain stream in Luofu Shan, Boluo Xian, Guangdong Province, China. Holotype: JNU 76VII Luofu Shan 029. Paratypes: ASIZB [now NZMC] [ex 786VII025] (1); JNU 74XII Haifeng 001 (1), 76IV8424 (1), 8431 (1), 8434 (1), 76VII Luofu 018-20 (3), 26-28 (3), 030-31 (2), uncat. (2, c&s); IHASW 76VII Luofu 021-24 (4), uncat. (1, c&s). Type catalog: Zhang 1996:501 [ref. 24036] with 6 types now at ASIZB, Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155], Ye et al. 2015:79 [ref. 33808]. •Valid as Pseudobagrus trilineatus (Zheng 1979) -- (Zheng 1989:284 [ref. 21202], Gao in Pan et al. 1991:309 [ref. 23876], Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Zhu 1995:146 [ref. 25213], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:59 [ref. 24534], Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155], Zhang et al. 2016:186 [ref. 34477]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Tachysurus trilineatus (Zheng 1979) -- (Ye et al. 2015:79 [ref. 33808]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus trilineatus (Zheng 1979). Bagridae. Distribution: Guangdong [Dongjiang], China. Habitat: freshwater.

truncatus, Liocassis Regan [C. T.] 1913:553 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 11 (no. 66); ref. 14980] Kia-tiang-fu, Sze Chuen [Sichuan], China. Syntypes: BMNH 1891.6.13.24 (5). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Leiocassis. •Valid as Pseudobagrus truncatus (Regan 1913) -- (Mo 1991:135 [ref. 19952], Li in Ding 1994:460 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:147 [ref. 25213], Cheng & Zhou 1997:216 [ref. 26385], Yang in Chen 1998:287 [ref. 23556], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:61 [ref. 24534], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Li et al. 2005:52 [ref. 28390], Ferraris 2007:103 [ref. 29155], Cheng et al. 2008:118 [ref. 29608], Zhang et al. 2016:186 [ref. 34477]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Tachysurus truncatus (Regan 1913). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus truncatus (Regan 1913). Bagridae. Distribution: Yangtze River, China. Habitat: freshwater.

tucumanus, Bagrus Burmeister [H. K.] 1861:534 [Reise durch die La Plata-Staaten v. 2; ref. 23859] Tucumán, Argentina. Holotype: Whereabouts unknown. Not treated by Ferraris 2007 [ref. 29155] or in Eschmeyer et. all 1998. For English and Spanish translation see Koerber & Litz 2008:3 [ref. 29451]. •See Koerber & Litz 2008:3 [ref. 29451]. •Valid as Bagrus tucumanus Burmeister 1861 -- (Koerber 2011:6 [ref. 31122], Koerber 2014:10 [ref. 33621] in Siluriformes and possibly a synonym of Luciopimelodus pati). •Synonym of Luciopimelodus pati (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Mirande & Koerber 2015:31 [ref. 35117] with question). Current status: Valid as Bagrus tucumanus Burmeister 1861. Bagridae. Distribution: Argentina. Habitat: freshwater.

ubangensis, Bagrus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:38, Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 2 (fasc. 2); ref. 562] Ubangi River at Banzyville, Democratic Republic of Congo, about 4°18'N, 21°11'E. Holotype (unique): MRAC 1295. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Bagrus ubangensis Boulenger 1902 -- (Risch 1986:13 [ref. 6190], Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:128 [ref. 19952], Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Bagrus ubangensis Boulenger 1902. Bagridae. Distribution: Congo River system, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

urostigma, Bagrus Vinciguerra [D.] 1895:36 [16] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 15; ref. 4521] Ganama River, Somalia. Syntypes: (4) MSNG 14598 (1 dry), 14599 (1), 14600 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:307 [ref. 10351], Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]. On p. 16 of separate. •Valid as Bagrus urostigma Vinciguerra 1895 -- (Risch 1986:13 [ref. 6190], Burgess 1989:69 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:129 [ref. 19952], Seegers et al. 2003:36 [ref. 28087], Ferraris 2007:84 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Bagrus urostigma Vinciguerra 1895. Bagridae. Distribution: Giuba River, Somalia, eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

ussuriensis, Bagrus Dybowski [B. N.] 1872:210 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 22; ref. 1170] Ussuri and Sungari rivers, Amur River basin, and Khanka Lake, Russia. Syntypes: ZMB 7954 (1?). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Leiocassis ussuriensis (Dybowski 1872) -- (Lee & Kim 1990:130 [ref. 24033], Cheng & Zhou 1997:215 [ref. 26385]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus ussuriensis (Dybowski 1872) -- (Wang et al. 2001:185 [ref. 26566], Naseka & Bogutskaya 2004:286 [ref. 27838], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:120 [ref. 28183], Li et al. 2005:52 [ref. 28390], Cheng et al. 2008:118 [ref. 29608], Zhang et al. 2016:186 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Pelteobagrus ussuriensis (Dybowski 1872) -- (Ferraris 2007:100 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Tachysurus ussuriensis (Dybowski 1872) -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2008:341 [ref. 30085]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus ussuriensis (Dybowski 1872). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia: Russia, China and Korea. Habitat: freshwater.

vachellii, Bagrus Richardson [J.] 1846:284 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Chikiang, China. Neotype: BMNH 1855.3.27.9. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155]. Appeared as ? Bagrus vachellii. Neotype designated by Jayaram 1968:300 [ref. 5615]. Correct spelling is vachellii. •Valid as Pelteobagrus vachelli (Richardson 1846) [should be vachellii] -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860], Zheng et al. 1989:279 [ref. 21202], Gao in Pan et al. 1991:302 [ref. 23876], Mo 1991:137 [ref. 19952], Li in Ding 1994:451 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:145 [ref. 25213], Cheng & Zhou 1997:208 [ref. 26385], Yang in Chen 1998:280 [ref. 23556], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:40 [ref. 24534], Kottelat 2001:52 [ref. 25482], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Wang et al. 2001:184 [ref. 26566], Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155] as vachellii). •In Pseudobagrus -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:14 [ref. 29148]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus vachelli (Richardson 1846) -- (Ni & Wu in Kuang et al. 1986:177 [ref. 26639], Chenget al. 2009:67 [ref. 30165]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus vachellii (Richardson 1846) -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:15 [ref. 29148]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Tachysurus vachelli (Richardson 1846) -- (Kottelat 2013:267 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:184 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus vachellii (Richardson 1846). Bagridae. Distribution: China and Siberia and Korea. Habitat: freshwater.

vaillanti, Liocassis Regan [C. T.] 1913:549 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 11 (no. 66); ref. 14980] Mouth of Raun River, Kapuas basin, Borneo. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7840. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Leiocassis. •Valid as Leiocassis vaillanti Regan 1913 -- (Roberts 1989:120 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:71 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:65 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Pseudomystus vaillanti (Regan 1913) -- (Mo 1991:140 [ref. 19952], Ng & Rachmatika 1999:177 [ref. 23964], Ng & Lim 2005:17 [ref. 28081], Ferraris 2007:105 [ref. 29155], Kim & Ng 2008:46 [ref. 29456], Ng 2008:98 [ref. 29540], Kottelat 2013:266 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudomystus vaillanti (Regan 1913). Bagridae. Distribution: Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

vaillantii, Bagroides Popta [C. M. L.] 1906:228 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 27; ref. 18569] Tepoe, Mahakam River, eastern Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: RMNH 7839. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:83 [ref. 29155]. Replacement name for Leiocassis macropterus Vaillant 1902, secondarily preoccupied by Bagroides macropterus Bleeker 1854 when both are included in Bagroides. •Valid as Bagrichthys vaillantii (Popta 1906) -- (Ng 2002:49 [ref. 26074], Ferraris 2007:83 [ref. 29155], Philasamorn & Satrawaha 2009:9 [ref. 30192], Kottelat 2013:257 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Bagrichthys vaillantii (Popta 1906). Bagridae. Distribution: Mahakam River basin, eastern Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

variegatus, Hemibagrus Ng [H. H.] & Ferraris [C. J., Jr.] 2000:139, Fig. 12 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 52 (no. 11); ref. 25041] Tenasserim River, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1992.11.16.11. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemibagrus variegatus Ng & Ferraris 2000 -- (Jayaram 2006:67 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:268 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:260 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus variegatus Ng & Ferraris 2000. Bagridae. Distribution: Tenasserim River, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

velifer, Mystus Ng [H. H.] 2012:59, Figs. 1, 2a, 3a, 4a, 5 [Zootaxa No. 3398; ref. 32092] Tonlé Sap at exit to Great Lake, 4 km northwest of Chhnok Trou, at Kompong Thom fishing lot 2, Thom Province, Cambodia. Holotype: UMMZ 232733. Paratypes: many at ANSP, CAS, UMMZ, ZRC. •Valid as Mystus velifer Ng 2012 -- (Kottelat 2013:263 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:46 [ref. 34464]). Current status: Valid as Mystus velifer Ng 2012. Bagridae. Distribution: Majority of river drainages draining into the Gulf of Thailand: Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam (and possibly Sumatra). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

velox, Hemibagrus Tan [H. H.] & Ng [H. H.] 2000:272, Figs. 2-4 [Journal of Natural History v. 34 (no. 2); ref. 24254] Sungai Dareh, Pulau Punjung market, Sumatera Barat, Sumatra. Holotype: MZB 9305. Paratypes: CMK 9038 (1); UMMZ 155684-85 (2, 4), 155717-18 (2, 3); ZMA 121627-29 (5, 3, 1); ZRC 40549-50 (1, 2), 41503 (3), 41505 (23); plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kim 2008:30 [ref. 29920]. •Valid as Hemibagrus velox Tan & Ng 2000 -- (Ng et al. 2001:361 [ref. 25966], Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:259 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:260 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2013:260 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus velox Tan & Ng 2000. Bagridae. Distribution: Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

vietnamicus, Hemibagrus Mai [D. Y.] 1978:252, Fig. 115 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Mountain streams in northern Vietnam. Syntypes: ZMUH 250 (15), 260 (12). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155]. Spelled vietnammicus in index (p. 337). Eschmeyer et al. 1998:1760 serve as first revisers if needed, selecting vietnamicus as the correct spelling. •Valid as Hemibagrus vietnamicus Mai 1978 -- (Burgess & Finley 1996:163 [ref. 22901], Kottelat et al. 1998:570 [ref. 23920], Kottelat 2001:51 [ref. 25482], Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:221 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:260 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus vietnamicus Mai 1978. Bagridae. Distribution: Vietnam and Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

vinhensis, Leiocassis virgatus Tur [?] 1983 Or Pseudobagrus virgatus vinhensis. Not available, appeared in an unpublished dissertation; not available. •In Tachysurus; see Ng 2009:25 [ref. 30544]. Bagridae.

virgatus, Aoria Oshima [M.] 1926:4 [Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses v. 11 (no. 1); ref. 3314] Kachek River, about 40 miles above Kachek, Hainan Island, China. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Paratypes: (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pelteobagrus virgatus (Oshima 1926) -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860], Gao in Pan et al. 1991:305 [ref. 23876], Mo 1991:137 [ref. 19952], Kottelat 2001:52 [ref. 25482], Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Leiocassis virgatus (Oshima 1926) -- (Zheng et al. 1989:281 [ref. 21202], Zhu 1995:145 [ref. 25213], Zheng in Chu et al. 1999:43 [ref. 24534], Zhang et al. 2016:183 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Pseudobagrus virgatus (Oshima 1926) -- (Ni & Wu in Kuang et al. 1986:176 [ref. 26639], Watanabe et al. 2002:386 [ref. 26501], Ng & Freyhof 2007:15 [ref. 29148]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Valid as Tachysurus virgatus (Oshima 1926) -- (Ng 2009:16, 24 [ref. 30544], Kottelat 2013:268 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Tachysurus virgatus (Oshima 1926). Bagridae. Distribution: Hainan Island, southern China. Habitat: freshwater.

vittatus, Silurus Bloch [M. E.] 1794:50, Pl. 371 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 8; ref. 463] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Holotype (unique): ZMB 2939. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:48 [ref. 24282], Ferraris 2007:98 [ref. 29155] On p. 40 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 11 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Mystus vittatus (Bloch 1794) -- (Shrestha 1978:38 [ref. 15970], Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:202 [ref. 24860], Pethiyagoda 1991:151 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:573 [ref. 20764], Indra 1991:240 [ref. 24005], Mo 1991:131 [ref. 19952], Roberts 1992:80 [ref. 14632], Indra 1993:186 [ref. 24009], Rema Devi 1993:207 [ref. 24010], Rema Devi & Ilango 1993:247 [ref. 24017], Indra 1994:419 [ref. 24015], Sen 1995:562 [ref. 23778], Vu & Nguyen 1997:27 [ref. 26438], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:156 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi et al. 1999:159 [ref. 24758], Sen 1999:200 [ref. 24750], Menon 1999:207 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:325 [ref. 25220], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Karmakar 2000:32 [ref. 25662], Rema-Devi 2001:296 [ref. 25883], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:111 [ref. 26894] dated 1797, Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:18 [ref. 27265], Khan 2003:7 [ref. 27710], Yadav 2003:19 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:224 [ref. 31338], Jayaram 2006:56 [ref. 28762], Grant 2006 [ref. 28890], Ferraris 2007:98 [ref. 29155], Shrestha 2008:151 [ref. 29923], Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:233 [ref. 29985], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Gurung et al. 2013:4883 [ref. 32969], Plamoottil & Abraham 2013:43 [ref. 32983], Ng & Pethiyagoda 2013:168 [ref. 33011], Kottelat 2013:263 [ref. 32989], Plamoottil 2016:1975 [ref. 34462], Sudasinghe et al. 2016:171 [ref. 34902], Suresh et al. 2018:119 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Mystus vittatus (Bloch 1794). Bagridae. Distribution: Southern central Asia: Pakistan, India, Nepal, and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

wangi, Pseudobagrus Miao [C.-P.] 1934:215, Fig. 44 [Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China. (Zoological Series) v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 13903] Chinkiang [Chen-Chiang], Jiangsu Province, China. Holotype: SSCN 13173. Other specimens: (44) SSCN 13171-72, 13174-80, 20065-97. Type catalog: Ferraris 1007:208 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pelteobagrus wangi (Miao 1934) -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860]). •In Pseudobagrus -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:14 [ref. 29148]). •Species inquirenda in Bagridae -- (Ferraris 2007:108 [ref. 29155]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). Bagridae. Distribution: Jiangsu, eastern China [if valid].

wittenburgii, Pseudobagrus Popta [C. M. L.] 1911:335, Fig. [Jahreshefte des Vereins für Vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg v. 67; ref. 14804] Amur River at Blagoveshchensk [= Blagovescensk], 50°17'N, 127°32'E, Russia. Syntypes: SMNS 4390 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:5 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:15 [ref. 29864]. •Synonym of Pseudobagrus fulvidraco (Richardson 1846) -- (Berg 1949:910 [ref. 20661]). •Valid as Pelteobagrus wittenburgii (Popta 1911) -- (Burgess 1989:68 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:137 [ref. 19952], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:119 [ref. 28183]). •In Pseudobagrus -- (Ng & Freyhof 2007:14 [ref. 29148]). •Questionably a synonym of Tachysurus sinensis Lacepède 1803 -- (Ng & Kottelat 2007:37 [ref. 29362], Kottelat 2013:267 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Tachysurus sinensis Lacepède 1803 -- (Parin et al. 2014:106 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:671 [ref. 34853] with question). Current status: Synonym of Tachysurus sinensis Lacepède 1803. Bagridae. Distribution: China and Siberia [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

wolffii, Bagrus Bleeker [P.] 1851:205 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 329] Bandjarmasin, Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: AMS B.7774 (1) Java, BMNH 1863.12.4.94 (1), NMV 46225 (1), ZMB 4794 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:98 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:142 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Mystus wolffii (Bleeker 1851) [sometimes as wolffi] -- (Roberts 1989:126 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Mo 1991:131 [ref. 19952], Kottelat et al. 1993:67 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:239 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:144 [ref. 22772], Tan & Ng 1999:278 [ref. 24254], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:115 [ref. 26894], Ng 2004:883 [ref. 28016], Ferraris 2007:98 [ref. 29155], Ng 2012:58 [ref. 32092], Ng 2012:73 [ref. 32464], Kottelat 2013:264 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:530 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Mystus wolffii (Bleeker 1851). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: large rivers of Thailand, Malaya (Malaysia), Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

wui, Pseudobagrus Miao [C.-P.] 1934:210, Fig. 42 [Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China. (Zoological Series) v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 13903] Chinkiang [Chen-Chiang], Jiangsu Province, China. Holotype: SSCN 12495. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Pelteobagrus vachellii (Richardson 1846) -- (Ferraris 2007:101 [ref. 29155]). •In Tachysurus -- (see Bogutskaya et al. 2008:340 [ref. 30085]). •Synonym or Tachysurus wui (Miao 1934) -- (Kottelat 2013:268 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Tachysurus vachellii (Richardson 1846). Bagridae. Habitat: freshwater.

wyckii, Bagrus Bleeker [P.] 1858:156 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 4 (art. 2); ref. 365] Tjitarum River, Parongkalong, Preanger Province, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.12.4.88 (1), RMNH 6867 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155]. Illustrated as Silur. Pl. 24 [cumulative Pl. 72], published in Bleeker 1862 [ref. 393]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:137 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Mystus wyckii (Bleeker 1858) -- (Roberts 1989:126 [ref. 6439], Burgess 1989:70 [ref. 12860], Kottelat et al. 1993:67 [ref. 23448], Roberts 1993:30 [ref. 21799], Rainboth 1996:144 [ref. 22772], Jayaram & Sanyal 2003:117 [ref. 26894]). •Valid as Hemibagrus wyckii (Bleeker 1858) -- (Mo 1991:132 [ref. 19952], Ng & Ng 1995:133 [ref. 21730], Ng & Rainboth 1999:565 [ref. 24608], Tan & Ng 1999:276 [ref. 24254], Kottelat 2001:124 [ref. 25780], Ng et al. 2001:361 [ref. 25966], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:159 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:190 [ref. 28285], Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:270 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:260 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:529 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus wyckii (Bleeker 1858). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaya (Malaysia), Java (Indonesia), Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

wyckioides, Macrones (Hemibagrus) Fang [P.-W.] & Chaux [J.] in Chaux & Fang 1949:199, Fig. 3 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 21 (no. 2); ref. 13004] Cambodia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1966-0727. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Mystus wyckioides (Fang & Chaux 1949) -- (Zhu 1995:148 [ref. 25213], Rainboth 1996:144 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Hemibagrus wyckioides (Fang & Chaux 1949) -- (Mo 1991:132 [ref. 19952], Kottelat 1998:100 [ref. 23436], Kottelat et al. 1998:567 [ref. 23920], Ng & Rainboth 1999:567 [ref. 24608], Kottelat 2001:124 [ref. 25780], Ferraris 2007:91 [ref. 29155], Ng & Kottelat 2013:276 [ref. 32495], Kottelat 2013:260 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:46 [ref. 33971], Zhang et al. 2016:183 [ref. 34477] with authorship as Chang & Fang). Current status: Valid as Hemibagrus wyckioides (Fang & Chaux 1949). Bagridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia: Loas, Cambodia, Vietnam and Thailand and ? China. Habitat: freshwater.

yeni, Leiocassis Nguyen [V. H.] & Nguyen [H. D.] in Nguyen 2005:621, Fig. 44 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Giao Thiên, Giao Thuy, Nam Dinh, Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTS I, Bac Ninh. Paratypes: (4) in NCNTTS I, Back Ninh; (3) in Univ. Su Pham, Ha Noi. •Species inquirenda as Tachysurus yeni (Nguyen & Nguyen 2005) -- (Kottelat 2013:266 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Tachysurus yeni (Nguyen & Nguyen 2005). Bagridae. Distribution: River Hông Giao Thuy, Nam Dinh (North), Rivers Huong, Thu Bôn, Trà Khúc and Côn (South and Central), Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

zeylanicus, Mystus Ng [H. H.] & Pethiyagoda [R.] 2013:162, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 24 (no. 2); ref. 33011] Western Province, Matugama District, tributary to Bentota Ganga [Bentara River], about 8 km north of Matugama on road to Kalutara, Sri Lanka. Holotype: USNM 317578. Paratypes: CAS-SU 30150 (1), 68938 (1); USNM 410744 (18). •Valid as Mystus zeylanicus Ng & Pethiyagoda 2013 -- (Sudasinghe et al. 2016:171 [ref. 34902]). Current status: Valid as Mystus zeylanicus Ng & Pethiyagoda 2013. Bagridae. Distribution: Western province, Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.