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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Balitoridae: [ 143 ] records


abbreviata, Homaloptera Günther [A.] 1892:248, Pl. 3 (fig. B) [ ref. 14508] Streams of Min River, Szechwan, China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1891.6.13.40 (lost). •Valid as Hemimyzon abbreviata (Günther 1892) -- (Li in Ding 1994:433 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:139 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:269 [ref. 23556]). •Valid as Jinshaia abbreviata (Günther 1892) -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:192 [ref. 13491], Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:548 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2012:53 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:166 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Jinshaia abbreviata (Günther 1892). Balitoridae. Distribution: Upper reach of Changjiang River, China. Habitat: freshwater.

acuticauda, Sinohomaloptera yaotanensis Fang [P.-W.] 1931:143, Fig. 5 [Sinensia v. 1 (no. 9); ref. 16272] Yao-tan, Wa-chang, Luchow, Szechuan, China. Holotype: MMNHN 2249. Paratypes: MMNHN 2250-2284. •Synonym of Hemimyzon yaotanensis (Fang 1931) -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:194 [ref. 13491], Li in Ding 1994:432 [ref. 21531], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:539 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2012:49 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:166 [ref. 34477] as cuticauda). Current status: Synonym of Hemimyzon yaotanensis (Fang 1931). Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

amphisquamata, Homaloptera Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1916:12 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 3; ref. 4604] Discharging river of Lake Kawar (Lau and Kawar), Karo tableland Deli, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (many) ZMA 100998 (1), 100994 (54). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:29 [ref. 19236]. Holotype not specifically refered -- (Kottelat 2012:52 [ref. 32367]). •Tentatively a synonym of Homaloptera gymnogaster Bleeker 1853 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:52 [ref. 23448], Ott 2009:84 [ref. 31048]). •Valid as Homalopterula amphisquamata (Weber & de Beaufort 1916) -- (Kottelat 2012:52 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:189 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2015:71 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homalopterula amblisquamata (Weber & de Beaufort 1916). Balitoridae. Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

anisura, Platycara McClelland [J.] & Griffith [W.] in McClelland 1842:587, Pl. 18 (fig. 1) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 2926] Kassyah [Kasiah] Hills, Assam, India. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Balitora brucei Gray 1830 -- (Menon 1987:228 [ref. 14149], Kottelat 1988:490 [ref. 13379], Menon 1999:193 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2012:44 [ref. 32367]), Current status: Synonym of Balitora brucei Gray 1830. Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

annamitica, Balitora Kottelat [M.] 1988:498, Figs. 2d, 5 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 95 (no. 2); ref. 13379] Grande Cascade, Boun Long, Kampuchea, Cambodia, 13°42'N, 107°00'E. Holotype: MNHN 1993-0253. Paratypes: MHNG 2154.05 (1), MNHN 1993-0254 (1). •Valid as Balitora annamitica Kottelat 1988 -- (Rainboth 1996:123 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], see Kottelat 1998:60 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:95 [ref. 25780], as cf. annamitica, Conway & Mayden 2010:1468 [ref. 30776] as annamatica, Bhoite et al. 2012:3039 [ref. 32191], Liu et al. 2012:274 [ref. 31548], Kottelat 2013:185 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:44 [ref. 33971] as cf. annamitica, Kumar et al. 2016:155, 167 [ref. 34540]). Current status: Valid as Balitora annamitica Kottelat 1988. Balitoridae. Distribution: Cambodia and Xe Bangfai, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

annandalei, Bhavania Hora [S. L.] 1920:203, Pls. 10 (figs. 1-3), 11 (figs. 5-7) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 19 (pt 5); ref. 2200] Western side of the eastern Ghats, Travancore, India. Holotype: ZSI F2554/1. See Das 2003:362 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Bhavania australis (Jerdon 1849) -- (Menon 1987:234 [ref. 14149] as p. 20, Talwar & Jhingran 1991:449 [ref. 20764], Arun et al. 1996:103 [ref. 24725], Menon 1999:195 [ref. 24904], Nath et al. 2007:71 [ref. 29444], Kottelat 2012:47 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Synonym of Bhavania australis (Jerdon 1849). Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

arunachalensis, Bhavania Nath [P.], Dam [D.], Bhutia [P. T.], Dey [S. C.] & Das [D. N.] 2007:72, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-3), Pl. 2 (figs. 4-6) [Records of the Zoological Survey of India v. 107 (part 3); ref. 29444] River Noadhing drainage near Namsai, about 30 kilometers from Tezu, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Holotype: APFS/ZSI/P-488. Paratypes: APFS/ZSI/P-489 (7). •Valid as Bhavania arunachalensis Nath, Dam, Bhutia, Dey & Das 2007 -- (Kottelat 2012:44 [ref. 32367] as species Inquirenda and incertae sedis, Bleher 2018:102 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Bhavania arunachalensis Nath, Dam, Bhutia, Dey & Das 2007. Balitoridae. Distribution: Noadhing River basin, Arunachal Pradish, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

australis, Platycara Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:333 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Mountain stream in the Walliar jungle, Nilgiris, India. No types known. •Valid as Bhavania australis (Jerdon 1849) -- (Menon 1987:234 [ref. 14149], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:449 [ref. 20764], Rema Devi 1993:205 [ref. 24010], Rema Devi & Menon 1994:250 [ref. 24013], Rema Devi et al. 1996:135 [ref. 24021], Menon 1999:194 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Arunachalam et al. 2001:128 [ref. 25692], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Nath et al. 2007:71 [ref. 29444], Kottelat 2012:47 [ref. 32367], Bleher 2018:102 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Bhavania australis (Jerdon 1849). Balitoridae. Distribution: Western Ghats, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

avii, Homalopteroides Randall [Z. S.] & Page [L. M.] 2014:161, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 2014 (no. 1); ref. 33335] East Malaysia, Sarawak, Batang Balui, tributary, Long Tow, where it enters Batang Balui, 2.41°N, 113.76°E. Holotype: USNM 323875. Paratypes: UF 185293 (1); USNM 323878 (1), 323879 (2). •Valid as Homalopteroides avii Randall & Page 2014 -- (Randall & Page 2015:69 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homalopteroides avii Randall & Page 2014. Balitoridae. Distribution: Balui River and downstream of the Rajang River from Kapit, Rajang River basin, Sarawak, Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

balitora, Stolephorus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1839:428, 430 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Not available, name mentioned in passing (p. 428) and in synonymy (p. 430). Balitoridae.

bartschi, Balitoropsis Smith [H. M.] 1945:279, Fig. 56 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Waterfall stream on Kao Chong, Trang Province, Thailand. Holotype: USNM 107963. Type catalog: Vilasri et al. 2018:56 [ref. 36451]. •Synonym of Homaloptera zollingeri (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 1988:270 [ref. 23656]). •Synonym of Balitoropsis zollingeri (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2012:47 [ref. 32347], Kottelat 2013:187 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2015:74 [ref. 33701], Randall & Riggs 2015:212 [ref. 33821], Vilasri et al. 2018:56 [ref. 36451]). Current status: Synonym of Balitoropsis zollingeri (Bleeker 1853). Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

batek, Homaloptera Tan [H. H.] 2009:49, Figs. 1-5 [Zootaxa No. 2171; ref. 30296] Sungei Baha's, kilometer 64 logging road at buffer zone of Bukit Raya-Bukit Baka National Park, 0°47.593'S, 112°19.220'E, Mendawai sub-basin, Katinga basin, central Kalimantan, Borneo, elevation 218 meters. Holotype: MZB 10990. Paratypes: MZB 10991 (28); ZRC (28). •Valid as Balitoropsis batek Tan 2009 -- (Kottelat 2012:45 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:186 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Pseudohomaloptera batek (Tan 2009) -- (Randall & Page 2015:79 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Pseudohomaloptera batek (Tan 2009). Balitoridae. Distribution: Upper Katingan River basin, central Kalimantan, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

bilineata, Homaloptera Blyth [E.] 1860:172 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Tenasserim provinces, Myanmar. No types known. Genus should have been Homaloptera. •Valid as Homaloptera bilineata Blyth 1860 -- (Menon 1987:221 [ref. 14149], Kottelat & Chu 1988:105 [ref. 12840], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:451 [ref. 20764], Shaji & Easa 1995:397 [ref. 22479], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:270 [ref. 23656], Selim & Vishwanath 1998:352 [ref. 24983], Arunkumar 1999:178 [ref. 24921], Arunachalam et al. 2002:31 [ref. 26804], Tan & Ng 2005:7 [ref. 28206], Shrestha 2008:127 [ref. 29923], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:224 [ref. 35854], Kottelat 2012:49 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:187 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2015:63 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homaloptera bilineata Blyth 1860. Balitoridae. Distribution: Nepal, Myanmar and Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

brucei, Balitora Gray [J. E.] 1830:no page number, Pl. 88 (fig. 1) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] Priang River near Cherrapunji, Assam, India [original: Mountain stream, India]. Neotype: RMNH 11924. Published about 15 July 1830. Neotype designated by Kottelat 1988:493 [ref. 13379]; also same specimen designated neotype for Balitora maculata Gray 1830 and brucei was selected as valid species with maculata an objective synonym. •Valid as Balitora brucei Gray 1830 -- (Mai 1978:205 [ref. 13511], Zheng & Zhang 1983:66 [ref. 21356], Menon 1987:228 [ref. 14149], Kottelat 1988:490 [ref. 13379], Tilak 1990:95 [ref. 24002], Tilak 1990:295 [ref. 24003], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:446 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:542 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:193 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:30 [ref. 25662], Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25482], Nath et al. 2007:77 [ref. 29444], Shrestha 2008:126 [ref. 29923], Conway & Mayden 2010:1468 [ref. 30776], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Bhoite et al. 2012:3038 [ref. 32191], Liu et al. 2012:374 [ref. 31548], Kottelat 2012:44 [ref. 32367], Raghavan et al. 2013:3922 [ref. 32564], Gurung et al. 2013:4883 [ref. 32969], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:114 [ref. 33006], Kumar et al. 2016:155, 166 [ref. 34540], Bleher 2018:90 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Balitora brucei Gray 1830. Balitoridae. Distribution: Asia: Tibet, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Pakistan and Bangladesh. From India [ref. 34540]. Habitat: freshwater.

burmanicus, Balitora brucei var. Hora [S. L.] 1932:291, Pl. 11 (fig. 6) [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 2208] Meekalan, Myanmar. Lectotype: MSNG 15171. Paralectotypes: MSNG uncat. [ex MSNG 15171] (7), MSNG uncat. (1); ZSI F11034/1 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:118 [ref. 20743]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1988:495 [ref. 13379]. •Synonym of Balitora brucei Gray 1830 -- (Menon 1987:228 [ref. 14149], Menon 1999:194 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Balitora brucei Gray 1830, but a valid subspecies burmanicus Hora 1932 -- (Kottelat 1988:494 [ref. 13379], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:447 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832] as burmamica). •Valid as Balitora burmanica Hora 1932 -- (Chen et al. 2005:25 [ref. 28351], Nath et al. 2007:77 [ref. 29444], Conway & Mayden 2010:1468 [ref. 30776], Bhoite et al. 2012:3039 [ref. 32191], Liu et al. 2012:374 [ref. 31548], Kottelat 2012:44 [ref. 32367], Raghavan et al. 2013:3922 [ref. 32564], Kottelat 2013:432 [ref. 32989], Kumar et al. 2016:155, 166 [ref. 34540], Bleher 2018:91 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Balitora burmanica Hora 1932. Balitoridae. Distribution: Myanmar and, Nagaland and Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

chapaensis, Sinogastromyzon Mai [D. Y.] 1978:220, Fig. 102 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Lai Cao Province, Sapa, Red River system, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): DVZUT. •Valid as Sinogastromyzon chapaensis Mai 1978 -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:196 [ref. 13491], Kottelat 2001:49 [ref. 25482] with uncertainty, Kottelat 2012:54 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:190 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:167 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon chapaensis Mai 1978. Balitoridae. Distribution: Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

chipkali, Balitora Kumar [P.], Katwate [U.], Raghavan [R.] & Dahanukar [N.] 2016:157, Figs. 1-3, 8A, 9A-F [Zootaxa 4138 (no. 1); ref. 34540] Karnataka, Astoli River, Kali River system, Ramnagar, India (15.430°N, 74.480°E), elevation 630 meters. Holotype: BNHS FWF 193. Paratypes: BNHS FWF, WILD, ZSI-WRC P. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Balitora chipkali Kumar, Katwate, Raghavan & Dahanukar 2016 -- (Bleher 2018:97 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Balitora chipkali Kumar, Katwate, Raghavan & Dahanukar 2016. Balitoridae. Distribution: Kali River system, India. Habitat: freshwater.

confluens, Hemimyzon Kottelat [M.] 2000:51, Fig. 20 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 25040] Nam Ngum rapids downstream of Ban Latbouak, 19°36'28"N, 103°14'23"E, Xiangkhouang, Laos. Holotype: ZRC 45317. Paratypes: CMK 15214 (2), 15228 (2); LARRI uncat. (1); ZRC 45318 (1). •Valid as Hemimyzon confluens Kottelat 2000 -- (Kottelat 2001:95 [ref. 25780], Kunlapapuk et al. 2012:119 [ref. 32192], Kottelat 2012:48 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:187 [ref. 32989], Lalramliana et al. 2018:111 [ref. 35735]). Current status: Valid as Hemimyzon confluens Kottelat 2000. Balitoridae. Distribution: Mekong basin, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

confuzona, Homaloptera Kottelat [M.] 2000:53, Fig. 22 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 25040] Khlong Fit at Ban Kraduk Chang, road 3157 from Trat to borai, about 2-3 kilometers after junction with road 3271, 12°28'N, 102°38'E, Trat Province, Thailand. Holotype: ZRC 45319. Paratypes: CMK 10718 (7), 15686 (1); ZRC 35779 (7). •Valid as Homaloptera confuzona Kottelat 2000 -- (Kottelat 2001:97 [ref. 25780], Tan & Ng 2005:7 [ref. 28206], Kottelat 2012:49 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:187 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2015:63 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homaloptera confuzona Kottelat 2000. Balitoridae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

daduheensis, Sinogastromyzon Guo [Y.-S.] & Yang [J.] in Yang & Guo 2013:895, Figs. 1-8 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 38 (no. 4); ref. 32962] Dadu River, Xiaoshunicun, China, 29°15'N, 102°19'E, altitude 900 meters. Holotype: 201203001. Paratypes: 201203001 -08 (8), 201203002-13 (12). •Valid as Sinogastromyzon daduheensis Guo & Yang 2013. Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon daduheensis Guo & Yang 2013. Balitoridae. Distribution: Sichuan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

daon, Sinogastromyzon Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:605, Fig. 35 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Nâm So, Phong Thô, Lai Châu, Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTS I (lost). Paratypes: (1) (lost). Authorship in caption differs. Types at RIA 1 [= NCNTTSI] are lost according to Endruweit 2014:144 [ref. 33205]. •Valid as Sinogastromyzon daon Nguyen 2005 -- (Kottelat 2012:55 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:190 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon daon Nguyen 2005. Balitoridae. Distribution: Nâm So, Phong Thô, Da river system, Lai Châu, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

dezeensis, Sinogastromyzon Li [W.-X.], Mao [W.-N.] & Lu [Z.-M.] in Li, Sun, Lu & Mao 1999:45, Fig. 1 [Chinese Journal of Fisheries v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 28160] Deze, Qujing County, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: 9204011. Paratypes: 9204012-23 (12). Types are deposited in Resevoir of Heilongtan Lunan and Fishery Administration Centre of Qujing, Yunnan. •Valid as Sinogastromyzon dezeensis Li, Mao & Lu 1999 -- (Kottelat 2012:55 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:167 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon dezeensis Li, Mao & Lu 1999. Balitoridae. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

dolichopterus, Lepturichthys Dai [D.-Y.] 1985:221 (English p. 223), Figs. 1-2 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 8170] Upper Min River, Nanping, 26°35'N, 118°15'E, Fujian, China. Holotype: ASIZB [now NZMC] 770428. Paratypes: ASIZB [now NZMC] 770062 (1), 770713 (1), 770718-21 (4); IHASW 770644 (1), 770714-17 (4). Type catalog: Zhang 1996:501 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:56 [ref. 33808]. Misspelled dolochopterus once on p. 223. •Valid as Lepturichthys dolichopterus Dai 1985 -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:191 [ref. 13491], Zhu 1995:138 [ref. 25213], Li 1998:261 [ref. 25773], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:537 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445], Ye et al. 2015:56 [ref. 33808], Zhang et al. 2016:166 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Lepturichthys dolichopterus Dai 1985. Balitoridae. Distribution: Mingjiang River, China. Habitat: freshwater.

ecdyonuroides, Hemimyzon Freyhof [J.] & Herder [F.] 2002:54, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 26065] River Pako, about 50 kilometers north of Kontum, 14°39.60'N, 107°46.98'E, Kontum Province, Vietnam. Holotype: ZFMK 22136. Paratypes: CMK 16011 (4); ZFMK 22137-46 (10). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:111 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Hemimyzon ecdyonuroides Freyhof & Herder 2002 -- (Kunlapapuk et al. 2012:119 [ref. 32192], Kottelat 2012:48 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:187 [ref. 32989], Lalramliana et al. 2018:111 [ref. 35735]). Current status: Valid as Hemimyzon ecdyonuroides Freyhof & Herder 2002. Balitoridae. Distribution: Mekong basin, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

eddsi, Balitora Conway [K. W.] & Mayden [R. L.] 2010:1467, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 76 (no. 6); ref. 30776] Gerwa River, Karnali River basin, between Chisapani and Kothiaghat, Bardiya District, Nepal, 28°34'0.012"N, 81°13'59.88"E. to 28°23'60.00"N, 81°11'59.99"E. Holotype: KU 40276. Paratypes: KU 40277 (2). •Valid as Balitora eddsi Conway & Mayden 2010 -- (Bhoite et al. 2012:3039 [ref. 32191], Liu et al. 2012:374 [ref. 31548], Kottelat 2012:45 [ref. 32367], Kumar et al. 2016:155, 167 [ref. 34540]). Current status: Valid as Balitora eddsi Conway & Mayden 2010. Balitoridae. Distribution: Nepal. Habitat: freshwater.

elongata, Balitora Chen [Y.-R.] & Li [Z.-Y.] in Li & Chen 1985:169 (English p. 173), Fig. 1 [Zoological Research v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 8146] Yangbi River, Yunnan, China. Holotype: KIZ 839072. Paratypes: KIZ 745049-50 (2), 748791 (1), 839073-74 (2). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:353 [ref. 32939] as Li & Chen. •Valid as Balitora elongata Chen & Li 1985 -- (Zhu 1995:137 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:265 [ref. 23556], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:525 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445], Bhoite et al. 2012:3039 [ref. 32191], Zhang et al. 2016:164 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Hemimyzon elongatus (Chen & Li 1985) -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:193 [ref. 13491], Doi & Kottelat 1998:7 [ref. 23304], Kottelat 1998:64 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2012:48 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:187 [ref. 32989], Lalramliana et al. 2018:111 [ref. 35735]). Current status: Valid as Hemimyzon elongatus (Chen & Li 1985). Balitoridae. Distribution: Upper Lancangjiang [Mekong] River basin, China. Habitat: freshwater.

elongata, Travancoria Pethiyagoda [R.] & Kottelat [M.] 1994:104, Figs. 9-12 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 21421] Chalakudy River, 26 kilometers upstream of Chalakudy town, near Vettilappara, Kerala, India. Holotype: ZRC 34507. Paratypes: AMS I.34197-001 (2); CMK 10029 (11), 10797 (2); WHT 423 (3); ZRC 34508-09 (2); ZSI uncat. (2). •Valid as Travancoria elongata Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 1994 -- (Aijthkumar et al. 1999:249 [ref. 24211], Menon 1999:195 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2012:56 [ref. 32367], Bleher 2018:112 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Travancoria elongata Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 1994. Balitoridae. Distribution: Periyar River system, Western Ghats, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

erythrorhina, Balitora Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846:93, Pl. 524 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 18; ref. 1011] Bogor, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3121 [ex RMNH] (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:100 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Homaloptera ocellata van der Hoeven 1832 -- (Roberts 1993:24 [ref. 21799] dated 1830, Kottelat 2012:50 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Homaloptera ocellata van der Hoeven 1832. Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

erythrorhina, Homaloptera Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846:93, Pl. 524 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 18; ref. 1011] Manuscript name mentioned in passing; species described as Balitoria erythrorhina Valenciennes 1846. Balitoridae.

fasciata, Homaloptera van Hasselt [J. C.] 1823:133 [Algemeene Konst- en Letter-bode voor het Jaar II Deel (no. 35); ref. 5963] Not available, no distinguishing features -- (see Kottelat 1987:372 [ref. 5962], Kottelat 2013:189 [ref. 32989]). •In the synonymy of Homaloptera -- (Randall & Page 2015:62 [ref. 33701]). Balitoridae.

fasciata, Homaloptera Bleeker [P.] 1860:96 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 7 (art. 2); ref. 380] Tjampea, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 4897. Paralectotypes: RMNH 1934 (2). Lectotype selected by Alfred 1961:36 [ref. 20552]. •Unnecessary replacement name for Homalopteroides wassinkii (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2012:51 [ref. 32367]). •Synonym of Homalopteroides wassinkii (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2012:51 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:189 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Homalopteroides wassinkii (Bleeker 1853). Balitoridae. Habitat: marine.

fimbriata, Homaloptera Günther [A.] 1888:433 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 1 (no. 6); ref. 14483] Chang Jiang [Yangtze River] at Ichang, China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1888.5.15.40. Also appeared as new in Günther 1891:248, Pl. 3 (fig. A) [ref. 14508]. •Valid as Lepturichthys fimbriatus (Günther 1888) (often seen as fimbriata) -- (Dai 1985:222 [ref. 8170], Kottelat & Chu 1988:190 [ref. 13491], Li in Ding 1994:430 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:138 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:268 [ref. 23556], Li 1998:262 [ref. 25773], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:534 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Kottelat 2012:53 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:166 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Lepturichthys fimbriatus (Günther 1888). Balitoridae. Distribution: Changjiang River, China. Habitat: freshwater.

formosana, Homaloptera Boulenger [G. A.] 1894:463 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 14 (no. 84) (art. 60); ref. 14546] Central Taiwan [Formosa]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1894.11.14.11. •Synonym of Formosania lacustre (Steindachner 1908) -- (Novák et al. 2006:92 [ref. 28661] apparently in error, Ho & Shao 2011:32 [ref. 31432]). •Valid as Hemimyzon formosanus (Boulenger 1894) -- (Tzeng & Shen 1982:164 [ref. 8410], Watanabe 1983:117 [ref. 8266], Kottelat & Chu 1988:193 [ref. 13491], Zhu 1995:138 [ref. 25213], Doi & Kottelat 1998:7 [ref. 23304], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:542 [ref. 25272] as formosanum, Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445] as formosanum, Chen et al. 2002:239 [ref. 26535], Chen & Fang 2009:189 [ref. 30109], Kunlapapuk et al. 2012:119 [ref. 32192], Kottelat 2012:48 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:165 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Hemimyzon formosanus (Boulenger 1894). Balitoridae. Distribution: Taiwan and China. Habitat: freshwater.

guentheri, Lepturichthys Hora [S. L.] 1932:295, Pl. 10 (fig. 7) [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 2208] Mountain streams running into Min River, Sze Chuen, China. Syntypes: BMNH 1891.6.13.41 (2). Originally as güntheri. See Das 2003:363 [ref. 27706] with date as 1933. •Synonym of Lepturichthys fimbriata (Günther 1888) -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:190 [ref. 13491], Chen in Chen 1998:268 [ref. 23556] as guntheri, Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:534 [ref. 25272] as guntheri, Kottelat 2012:53 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:166 [ref. 34477] as güntheri). •Synonym of Lepturichthys fimbriatus (Günther 1888). Current status: Synonym of Lepturichthys fimbriatus (Günther 1888). Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

gymnogaster, Homaloptera Bleeker [P.] 1853:163 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16903] Lake Meninju, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.5.2.49 (poor condition). Bleeker specimens: AMS B.7513 (1). Type catalog: Alfred 1961:35 [ref. 20552]. •Valid as Homaloptera gymnogaster Bleeker 1853 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:52 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:271 [ref. 23656], Tan & Kottelat 2009:52 [ref. 30261], Ott 2009:83 [ref. 31048]). •Valid as Homalopterula gymnogaster (Bleeker 1953) -- (Kottelat 2012:52 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:189 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2015:71 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homalopterula gymnogaster (Bleeker 1853). Balitoridae. Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

haithanhi, Balitora Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:599, Fig. 32 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Gâm River, Na Hang, Tuyên Quang Province, Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTS I, Bac Ninh. Paratypes: (1). Genus as Sinohomaloptera in caption to Fig. 32; Balitora as used in the main heading regarded [by W.N.E.] as the correct original genus. Types at RIA 1 [= NCNTTSI] are lost according to Endruweit 2014:144 [ref. 33205]. •Valid as Balitora haithanhi Nguyen 2005 -- (Liu et al. 2012:[2] [ref. 31548], Bhoite et al. 2012:3039 [ref. 32191]). •Questionably a synonym of Balitora kwangsiensis (Fang 1930) -- (Kottelat 2012:45 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:186 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Balitora haithanhi Nguyen 2005. Balitoridae. Distribution: Gâm River, Na Hang, Tuyên Quang Province, Vietnam (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

hangshuiensis, Metahomaloptera omeiensis Xie [C.-X.], Yang [G.-R.] & Gong [L.-X.] 1984:63, Figs. 3-4 [Journal of Huazhong Agricultural College v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 23761] Yangriwan, upper Hanjiang River, Mount Shengnongjia, Hubei Province, China. Syntypes: (35) HACW 817022-033 (12), 824268-285 (18), 825058-062 (5) [all in Department of Aquaculture, Huazhong Agricultural College]. Genus misspelled Metalohomaloptera. •Valid as Metahomaloptera hangshuiensis Xie, Yang & Gong 1984 -- (Zhu 1994:140 [ref. 25213], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373]). •Synonym of Metahomaloptera omeiensis Chang 1944, but a valid subspecies hangshuidensis Xie, Yang & Gong 1984 as described -- (Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:565 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:9 [ref. 25445], Yang et al. 2007:68 [ref. 29319], Zhang et al. 2016:167 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Metahomaloptera omeiensis Chang 1944. Balitoridae. Distribution: Hubei Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

heterolepis, Homaloptera Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1916:12 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 3; ref. 4604] Atchin, Lake Tawar, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (5) ZMA 100999 (3), ?AMNH 9263 (1), ?ZSI F 11035/1 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:29 [ref. 19236]. Holotype not designated -- (Kottelat 2012:52 [ref. 32367]). •Valid as Homaloptera heterolepis Weber & de Beaufort 1916 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:52 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:271 [ref. 23656], Ott 2009:83 [ref. 31048]). •Valid as Homalopterula heterolepis (Weber & de Beaufort 1916) -- (Kottelat 2012:52 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:189 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2015:71 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homalopterula heterolepis Weber & de Beaufort 1916. Balitoridae. Distribution: Sumatra Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

heteroura, Balitora Pan [J.], Liu [C.] & Zheng [W.] 1983:105 [English p. 108], Fig. 1 [Journal of the Hua Nan Teacher's Univ., Nat. Sci. Ed. 1983 (no. 2); ref. 21354] Beijiang, Guangdong, China. Holotype (unique): DBSCNU 8012. •Synonym of Balitora kwangsiensis (Fang 1930) -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:189 [ref. 13491] with question, Zheng in Pan et al. 1991:258 [ref. 23876] as eteroura, Zhang et al. 2016:164 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Sinohomaloptera kwangsiensis (Fang 1930) -- (Zheng et al. 1989:265 [ref. 21202], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:531 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:185 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Balitora kwangsiensis (Fang 1930). Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

hexaocellum, Sinogastromyzon Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:612, Fig. 39 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Nâm So, Phong Châu, Lai Châu, Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTS I. Paratypes: (5). Different authorship given in caption to Figure 39. Types at RIA 1 [= NCNTTSI] are lost according to Endruweit 2014:144 [ref. 33205]. •Questionably a synonym of Sinogastromyzon chapaensis Mai 1978 -- (Kottelat 2012:54 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:190 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Sinogastromyzon chapaensis Mai 1978. Balitoridae. Distribution: Da River system in Nâm So, Phong Châu, Lai Châu, and Nâm Múc, Tuân Giáo, Dien Bien, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

hoffmanni, Sinohomaloptera Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1938:429, Fig. 1 [Lingnan Science Journal, Canton v. 17 (no. 3); ref. 11003] Cheung Kon Ts'uen, Hainan, China. Holotype: CAS-SU 33002. Paratypes:CAS-SU 33003 (1). Additional material: Lingnan Natural History Survey & Museum, Canton (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:40 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Balitora kwangsiensis (Fang 1930) -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:189 [ref. 13491]). •Synonym of Sinohomaloptera kwangsiensis (Fang 1930) -- (Chen in Kuang et al. 1986:152 [ref. 26639], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:531 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2012:45 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:185 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Balitora kwangsiensis (Fang 1930). Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

hsiashiensis, Sinogastromyzon Fang [P.-W.] 1931:48, Fig. 3 [Sinensia v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16365] Hsia-shih, Ma-ha-hsien, Kweichow, China, elevation 1200 feet. Holotype: MMNHN 2998. Paratypes: MMNHN 2995-97 (3), 2999-3001 (3). •Synonym of Sinogastromyzon szechuanensis (Fang 1930), but a valid subspecies -- (Li in Ding 1994:439 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:139 [ref. 25213]). •Valid as Sinogastromyzon hsiashiensis Fang 1931 -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:196 [ref. 13491], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:552 [ref. 25272], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Tang & Chen 2000:9 [ref. 25445], Kottelat 2012:55 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:167 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon hsiashiensis Fang 1931. Balitoridae. Distribution: Dongtinghu Lake, China. Habitat: freshwater.

hypercorpus, Sinogastromyzon Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:603, Fig. 34 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Nâm So Creek, Muong So, Phong Thô, Lai Châu Province, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): NCNTTS I (lost). Types at RIA 1 [= NCNTTSI] are lost according to Endruweit 2014:144 [ref. 33205]. •Questionably valid as Sinogastromyzon hypercorpus Nguyen 2005 -- (Kottelat 2012:55 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:190 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Sinogastromyzon hypercorpus Nguyen 2005. Balitoridae. Distribution: Nâm So Creek, Muong So, Phong Thô, Lai Châu Province, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

indicus, Hemimyzon Lalramliana [no initials], Solo [B.], Lalronunga [S.] & Lalnuntluanga [no initials] 2018:109, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 2); ref. 35735] Kaladan River in the vicinity of Lungbun village, Siaha District, Mizoram, India, 22°27'55"N, 93°07'57"E. Holotype: PUCMF 15018. Paratypes: PUCMF. •Valid as Hemimyzon indicus Lalramliana, Solo, Lalronunga & Lalnuntluanga 2018. Current status: Valid as Hemimyzon indicus Lalramliana, Solo, Lalronunga & Lalnuntluanga 2018. Balitoridae. Distribution: Kaladan River basin, Mizoram, northeast India. Habitat: freshwater.

indochinensis, Homaloptera Silas [E. G.] 1953:192, Fig. 2 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 50 (pt 2) (for 1952); ref. 4024] Kontum, Annam, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1933.8.19.50. •Questionably a synonym of Homaloptera smithi Hora 1932 -- (Kottelat 2001:97 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Homalopteroides smithi (Hora 1932) -- (Kottelat 2012:51 [ref. 32367] with question Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989] with question). •Valid as Homaloptera indochinensis Silas 1953 -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:105 [ref. 12840], Rainboth 1996:124 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:270 [ref. 23656], Randall & Page 2014:165 [ref. 33335]). •Valid as Homalopteroides indochinensis (Silas 1953) -- (Randall & Page 2012:335 [ref. 32354], Randall & Page 2015:69 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homalopteroides indochinensis (Silas 1953). Balitoridae. Distribution: Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

intermedius, Sinogastromyzon Fang [P.-W.] 1931:54, Fig. 7 [Sinensia v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16365] Tung-Kwei, Lung-Chow, southwestern Kwangsi, China. Holotype: MMNHN 1543. Paratypes: MMNHN 1542 (1). •Synonym of Sinogastromyzon wui Fang 1930 -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:197 [ref. 13491], Zheng et al. 1989:269 [ref. 21202], Zheng in Pan et al. 1991:259 [ref. 23876], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:561 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2012:56 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:168 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Sinogastromyzon wui Fang 1930. Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

jalpalli, Balitora Raghavan [R.], Tharian [J. C.], Ali [A.], Jadhav [S.] & Dahanukar [N.] 2013:3922, Images 1-3, 6a-c [Journal of Threatened Taxa v. 5 (no. 5); ref. 32564] Valleparathodu, near Poochipara, Silent Valley National Park, 11°06'47"N, 76°26'11"E, Palakkad District, Kerala, India, depth 924 meters. Holotype: ZSI-WRC P/3156. Paratypes: CRG-SAC 2012.6.1 (1), ZSI-WRC 2010.5.28 (1). Name is a noun in apposition. •Valid as Balitora jalpalli Raghavan, Tharian, Ali, Jadhav & Dahanukar 2013 -- (Kumar et al. 2016:166 [ref. 34540], Bleher 2018:94 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Balitora jalpalli Raghavan, Tharian, Ali, Jadhav & Dahanukar 2013. Balitoridae. Distribution: Western Ghats, India. Habitat: freshwater.

javanica, Homaloptera Bleeker [P.] 1860:89 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 7 (art. 2); ref. 380] •Unneeded replacement name for Homaloptera zollingeri Bleeker 1890. •In the synonymy of Balitoropsis zollingeri (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2012:47 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:187 [ref. 32989], Randall & Riggs 2015:212 [ref. 33821]). Current status: Synonym of Balitoropsis zollingeri (Bleeker 1853). Balitoridae. Habitat: marine.

javanica, Homaloptera van Hasselt [J. C.] 1823:133 [Algemeene Konst- en Letter-bode voor het Jaar II Deel (no. 35); ref. 5963] Not available, no distinguishing features -- (see Kottelat 1987:372 [ref. 5962]). •In the synonymy of Homaloptera -- (Randall & Page 2015:62 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Synonym of Homaloptera. Balitoridae.

johorensis, Homaloptera (Neohomaloptera) Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1944:51 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 57; ref. 2137] Brook near Simpang Rengam, Johore, Malaysia. Holotype: CAS-SU 39840. Paratypes: CAS-SU 39841 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:40 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Neohomaloptera johorensis (Herre 1944) -- (Roberts 1989:94 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:56 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:19 [ref. 22832], Ng & Tan 1999:356 [ref. 24159], Tan & Kottelat 2009:52 [ref. 30261], Kottelat 2012:54 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:190 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:520 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Neohomaloptera johorensis (Herre 1944). Balitoridae. Distribution: Malaya (Malaysia). Habitat: freshwater.

jonesi, Travancoria Hora [S. L.] 1941:230, Pl. 8 (figs. 5-9) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 43 (pt 2); ref. 2212] Streams within a radius of 5 miles of Pampadampara, Peerumedu Taluq, Kerala, India. Holotype: ZSI F13507/1. Paratypes: ZSI F13508/1 (9). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:119 [ref. 20743], Menon 1987:240 [ref. 14149]. See Das 2003:367 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Travancoria jonesi Hora 1941 -- (Menon 1987:238 [ref. 14149], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:454 [ref. 20764], Arun et al. 1996:103 [ref. 24725], Zacharias et al. 1996:40 [ref. 25526], Menon 1999:195 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Kottelat 2012:56 [ref. 32367], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:114 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Travancoria jonesi Hora 1941. Balitoridae. Distribution: Western Ghats, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

khonensis, Hemimyzon Kottelat [M.] 2000:52, Fig. 21 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 25040] Mekong mainstream at Ban Hang Khone, below Khone Falls, Champasak Province, Laos. Holotype (unique): ZRC 45320. •Valid as Hemimyzon khonensis Kottelat 2000 -- (Kottelat 2001:97 [ref. 25780], Freyhof & Herder 2002:57 [ref. 26065], Kunlapapuk et al. 2012:119 [ref. 32192], Kottelat 2012:48 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:187 [ref. 32989], Lalramliana et al. 2018:111 [ref. 35735]). Current status: Valid as Hemimyzon khonensis Kottelat 2000. Balitoridae. Distribution: Mekong basin, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

kwangsiensis, Homaloptera Fang [P.-W.] 1930:27, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [Sinensia v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 1296] Stream in Lin-yueng-shien, Kwangsi, China, elevation 2100 feet. Holotype: MMNHN 899. Paratypes: AMNH 9691 (1); BMNH 1930.11.7.1 (1, lost); MMNHN 647-648, 892-898, 900-904, 949; ?UMMZ 156678 (1). •Valid as Sinohomaloptera kwangsiensis (Fang 1930) -- (Zheng 1981:57 [ref. 22557], Chen in Kuang et al. 1986:152 [ref. 26639], Zheng et al. 1989:265 [ref. 21202], Zheng in Pan et al. 1991:257 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:137 [ref. 25213], Li 1998:261 [ref. 25773], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:531 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445], Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25482]). •Valid as Balitora kwangsiensis (Fang 1930) -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:189 [ref. 13491], Kottelat 2001:95 [ref. 25780], Conway & Mayden 2010:1468 [ref. 30776], Bhoite et al. 2012:3039 [ref. 32191], Liu et al. 2012: 374 [ref. 31548], Kottelat 2012:45 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:185 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:164 [ref. 34477], Kumar et al. 2016:155, 167 [ref. 34540]). Current status: Valid as Balitora kwangsiensis (Fang 1930). Balitoridae. Distribution: Zhujiang, Cangjiang rivers in Hainan Island, Yuanjiang River in Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

lancangjiangensis, Sinohomaloptera Zheng [C.-Y.] 1980:110, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of Jinan University (Natural Science) 1980 (no. 1); ref. 21353] Syntypes: (9) Dept. Biol. Jinan Univ. No. 78IV0432-0435 (4), IHASW 78IV0565-569 (5 or 4). •Valid as Balitora lancangjiangensis (Zheng 1980) -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:189 [ref. 13491], Kottelat 1998:60 [ref. 23436], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:523 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445], Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2001:95 [ref. 25780], Chen et al. 2005:25 [ref. 28351], Conway & Mayden 2010:1468 [ref. 30776], Bhoite et al. 2012:3039 [ref. 32191], Liu et al. 2012:374 [ref. 31548], Kottelat 2012:45 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2015:44 [ref. 33971], Zhang et al. 2016:164 [ref. 34477], Kumar et al. 2016:155, 167 [ref. 34540]). Current status: Valid as Balitora lancangjiangensis (Zheng 1980). Balitoridae. Distribution: Mekong River drainage, Yunnan Province, China, Xe Bangfai and Nam Theun, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

laticauda, Balitora Bhoite [S.], Jadhav [S. S.] & Dahanukar [N.] 2012:3039, Images 1, 2a, 2b, 3a, 4a, 4b, Appendix 1 [Journal of Threatened Taxa v. 4 (no. 11); ref. 32191] Stream of Krishna River drainage at Venegaon Village near Krishno River bridge (17.499°N, 74.118°E), Satara District, Maharashtra, India, elevation 590 meters. Holotype: ZSI-WRC P-2848. Paratypes: 6 at ZSI-WRC, 1 at WILD-12-PIS-019. •Valid as Balitora laticauda Bhoite, Jadhav & Dahanukar 2012 -- (Kottelat 2012:45 [ref. 32367], Raghavan et al. 2013:3922 [ref. 32564], Kumar et al. 2016:166 [ref. 34540], Bleher 2018:96 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Balitora laticauda Bhoite, Jadhav & Dahanukar 2012. Balitoridae. Distribution: Krishna River system, India. Habitat: freshwater.

leonardi, Homaloptera Hora [S. L.] 1941:61, Pl. 5 (figs. 5-6) [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 17; ref. 13240] Kuala Tahan, King George V National Park [now Taman Negara National Park], Pahang, Malaysia. Holotype: ZSI F13213/1. Paratypes: ZSI F13214/1 (7), ZRC 1753 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:118 [ref. 20743], Alfred 1970:69 [ref. 23931]. See Das 2003:362 [ref. 27706] with species as bonardi. •Valid as Homaloptera leonardi Hora 1941 -- (Rainboth 1996:124 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:270 [ref. 23656]). •Valid as Balitoropsis leonardi (Hora 1941) -- (Kottelat 2012:46 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:186 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Pseudohomaloptera leonardi (Hora 1941) -- (Randall & Page 2015:79 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Pseudohomaloptera leonardi (Hora 1941). Balitoridae. Distribution: Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

lepidogaster, Homaloptera Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1916:14 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 3; ref. 4604] Matur, Padangache Bovenlanden, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: ZMA 100256 (3). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:29 [ref. 19236]. •Tentatively a synonym of Homaloptera gymnogaster Bleeker 1853 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:52 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Homalopterula gymnogaster (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2012:52 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:189 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Homalopterula gymnogaster (Bleeker 1853). Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

lineata, Homaloptera Smith [H. M.] 1945:277, Fig. 55 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Mekong River at Chiengsen Kao, northern Thailand. Holotype: USNM 119488. Paratypes: USNM 119489 (1). Type catalog: Vilasri et al. 2018:56 [ref. 36451]. •Synonym of Homaloptera smithi Hora 1932 -- (Rainboth 1996:125 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 2001:97 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Homalopteroides smithi (Hora 1932) -- (Kottelat 2012:51 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Homalopteroides lineata (Smith 1945) -- (Vilasri et al. 2018:56 [ref. 36451]). Current status: Valid as Homalopteroides lineata (Smith 1945). Balitoridae. Distribution: Mekong River basin, Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

lixianjiangensis, Sinogastromyzon Liu [S.-W.], Chen [X.-Y.] & Yang [J.-X.] 2010:[2], Fig. 1 [Environmental Biology of Fishes; ref. 30555] Sinanjiang River, a tributary of Lixianjiang River, Red River drainage, Mojiang County, Yunnan, China, 23°07'38.13"N, 101°47'44.32"E. Holotype: KIZ 200401799. Paratypes: Many lots at KIZ. Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:353 [ref. 32939]. Above from electronic prepublication, awaiting final printed version. •Valid as Sinogastromyzon lixianjiangensis Liu, Chen & Yang 2010 -- (Kottelat 2012:55 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:190 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:167 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon lixianjiangensis Liu, Chen & Yang 2010. Balitoridae. Distribution: Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

longibarbatus, Sinohomaloptera Chen [Y.-R.] in Zheng, Chen & Huang 1982:394 (English p. 401), Fig. 1 [Zoological Research v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 21355] Yiliang Xian, Yunnan Province, 20'50'N. 103.10"E, China. Syntypes: KIZ 774170-73 (4), 774175-79 (5), 774181 (1). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:354 [ref. 32939]. •Valid as Sinohomaloptera longibarbatus Chen 1982 -- (Zheng et al. 1989:266 [ref. 21202], Zhu 1995:137 [ref. 25213], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:533 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445]). •Valid as Balitora longibarbata (Chen 1982) -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:190 [ref. 13491], Chen et al. 2005:25 [ref. 28351], Bhoite et al. 2012:3039 [ref. 32191], Liu et al. 2012:374 [ref. 31548], Zhang et al. 2016:164 [ref. 34477], Kumar et al. 2016:155, 167 [ref. 34540]). Current status: Valid as Balitora longibarbata (Chen 1982). Balitoridae. Distribution: Nanpan River, China. Habitat: freshwater.

longicauda, Metahomaloptera Yang [J.], Chen [X.-Y.] & Yang [J.-X.] 2007:64, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 1526; ref. 29319] Chuanhedong village, Deze Town, Zhanyi County, Yunnan Province, China, 25°54'09.4"N, 103°34'49.5"E. Holotype: KIZ 20060304. Paratypes: KIZ 603672 (1), 20060305 (1), 20060306 (1). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:354 [ref. 32939]. •Valid as Metahomaloptera longicauda Yang, Chen & Yang 2007 -- (Kottelat 2012:54 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:167 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Metahomaloptera longicauda Yang, Chen & Yang 2007. Balitoridae. Distribution: Niulan Jiang River and Pudu River, Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

ludongensis, Balitora Liu [S.-W.] & Chen [X.-Y.] in Liu, Zhu, Wei & Chen 2012:370, Figs. 1, 2a, 3 [Environmental Biology of Fishes v. 93 (no. 3); ref. 31548] Qilong River, Pingjiang Village, Ludong Town, Jingxi County, Guangxi Province, China, 23°03'53.76"N, 106°12'44.86"E. Holotype: KIZ 2008008640. Paratypes: KIZ 2008008633(1), 2008008635-8639 (5) Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:353 [ref. 32939]. Appeared first electronically in 2011, available in 2012. •Valid as Balitora ludongensis Liu & Chen 2012 -- (Bhoite et al. 2012:3039 [ref. 32191], Kottelat 2012:45 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:164 [ref. 34477], Kumar et al. 2016:155, 167 [ref. 34540]). Current status: Valid as Balitora ludongensis Liu & Chen 2012. Balitoridae. Distribution: Qilong River, tributary of Zuojiang River, Guangxi Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

macroptera, Hemimyzon Zheng [C.-Y.] in Zheng, Chen & Huang 1982:398 (English p. 402), Fig. 5 [Zoological Research v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 21355] Yiliang Xian, Yunnan Province, China. Syntypes: JNU 773434 (1), 773438 (1); IHASW 773435-36 (2); KIZ 773437 (1). •Valid as Hemimyzon macroptera Zheng 1982 -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:193 [ref. 13491], Zheng et al. 1989:267 [ref. 21202], Zhu 1995:138 [ref. 25213], Doi & Kottelat 1998:7 [ref. 23304], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:543 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445], Chen & Fang 2009:189 [ref. 30109], Kunlapapuk et al. 2012:119 [ref. 32192], Kottelat 2012:48 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:165 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Hemimyzon macroptera Zheng 1982. Balitoridae. Distribution: Nanpan and Beipan rivers, China. Habitat: freshwater.

macrostoma, Sinogastromyzon Liu [S.-W.], Chen [X.-Y.] & Yang [J.-X.] 2010:[7], Fig. 2 [Environmental Biology of Fishes; ref. 30555] Amojiang River, Mojiang County, Yunnan China, 23°02'47.44"N, 101°46'49.48"E. Holotype: KIZ 200401820. Paratypes: many lots at KIZ. Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:353 [ref. 32939]. Above from electronic prepublication, awaiting final printed version. •Valid as Sinogastromyzon macrostoma Liu, Chen & Yang 2010 -- (Kottelat 2012:55 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:190 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:167 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon macrostoma Liu, Chen & Yang 2010. Balitoridae. Distribution: Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

maculata, Balitora Gray [J. E.] 1830:no page number, Pl. 88 (fig. 2) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] Priang River near Cherrapunji, Assam, India [original: Mountain stream, India]. Neotype: RMNH 11924. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1988:493; and Kottelat gave priority to Balitora brucei Gray 1830, P. 88, fig. 2. •Synonym of Balitora brucei Gray 1830 -- (Menon 1987:228 [ref. 14149], Kottelat 1988:491 [ref. 13379], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:446 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:193 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2012:44 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Synonym of Balitora brucei Gray 1830. Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

manipurensis, Homaloptera Arunkumar [L.] 1999:202, Fig. 1 [Uttar Pradesh Journal of Zoology v. 19 (no. 3); ref. 24921] Lokchao River near Moreh, 110 kilometers from Imphal City of Manipur, India. Holotype: MUMF 3333/1A. Paratypes: MUMF 3333/3A (3). •Valid as Homaloptera manipurensis Arunkumar 1999 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2002:31 [ref. 26804], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:225 [ref. 31584]). •Provisionally valid as Homalopteroides manipurensis (Arunkumar 1999) -- (Randall & Page 2012:343 [ref. 32354]). •Questionably a synonym of Homaloptera rupicola (Prashad & Mukerji 1929) -- (Kottelat 2012:50 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Homalopteroides manipurensis (Arunkumar 1999). Balitoridae. Distribution: Yu River drainage, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

maon, Sinogastromyzon Nguyen [V. H.] & Nguyen [H. D.] in Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:607, Fig. 36 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Ma River, Sông Ma, Son La Province, Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTS I, Bac Ninh (lost). Paratypes: (1) lost. Types at RIA 1 [= NCNTTSI] are lost according to Endruweit 2014:144 [ref. 33205]. •Questionably valid as Sinogastromyzon maon Nguyen & Nguyen 2005 -- (Kottelat 2012:55 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:190 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Sinogastromyzon maon Nguyen & Nguyen 2005. Balitoridae. Distribution: Ma river system, Sông Ma district, Son La Province, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

maxinae, Homaloptera Fowler [H. W.] 1937:152, Figs. 52-53 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Tachin, Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 68004. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:114 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Hamaloptera maxinae Fowler 1937 -- (Rainboth 1996:124 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:270 [ref. 23656]). •Synonym of Homalopteroides smithi (Hora 1932) -- (Kottelat 2012:51 [ref. 32367] with question, Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989] with question). •Synonym of Balitoropsis zollingeri (Bleeker 1853) -- (Randall & Riggs 2015:212 [ref. 33821]). Current status: Synonym of Balitoropsis zollingeri (Bleeker 1853). Balitoridae. Distribution: Thailand (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

megalopseos, Hemimyzon Li [Z.-Y.] & Chen [Y.-R.] 1985:170 (English p. 173), Fig. 2 [Zoological Research v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 8146] Yiliang, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: KIZ 774193. Paratypes: KIZ 774188 (1), 774196-98 (3), 774201-02 (2), 774204-07 (4). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:354 [ref. 32939]. •Valid as Hemimyzon megalopseos Li & Chen 1985 -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:194 [ref. 13491], Zhu 1995:138 [ref. 25213], Doi & Kottelat 1998:7 [ref. 23304], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:540 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445], Chen & Fang 2009:189 [ref. 30109], Kunlapapuk et al. 2012:119 [ref. 32192], Kottelat 2012:48 [ref. 45320], Zhang et al. 2016:165 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Hemimyzon megalopseos Li & Chen 1985. Balitoridae. Distribution: Nanpan River, Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

melanosoma, Balitora brucei var. Hora [S. L.] 1932:291, Pl. 10 (fig. 6) [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 2208] Thaungyin [Thaugyn] River, Megla Stream on Myanmar - Thailand border. Holotype: BMNH 1920.9.8.11. Kottelat 1988:498 gave precedence to B. i. burmanicus. •Synonym of Balitora burmanicus Hora 1932 -- (Kottelat 1988:495 [ref. 13379], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:447 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Balitora brucei Gray 1830 -- (Menon 1987:228 [ref. 14149], Menon 1999:194 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2012:44 [ref. 32367]). •Valid as Balitora burmanica Hora 1932 -- (Kottelat 2013:185 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Balitora burmanica Hora 1932. Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

menoni, Homaloptera Shaji [C. P.] & Easa [P. S.] 1995:395, Fig. 1 a-b [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 92 (pt 3); ref. 22479] Indekkuthodu in Siruvani, a tributary of Bhavani, Muthikulam forest, Palghat District, Kerala, India. Holotype: KFRI 85. Paratypes: KFRI 86 (1). •Valid as Homaloptera menoni Shaji & Easa 1995 -- (Kottelat 1998:271 [ref. 23656], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:225 [ref. 31584], Kottelat 2012:49 [ref. 32367] in 'Homaloptera'). •Valid as Ghatsa menoni (Shaji & Easa 1995) -- (Randall & Page 2015:79 [ref. 33701] with question, Bleher 2018:104 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Ghatsa menoni (Shaji & Easa 1995). Balitoridae. Distribution: Southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

meridionalis, Balitora Kottelat [M.] 1988:498, Figs. 2b, 4 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 95 (no. 2); ref. 13379] Chan River headwaters, Kao Soi Dao, Chantaburi Province, Thailand. Holotype: NIFI uncat. Paratypes: CMK 4374 (3); NIFI uncat. (5). •Valid as Balitora meridionalis Kottelat 1988 -- (Rainboth 1996:123 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], Conway & Mayden 2010:1468 [ref. 30776], Bhoite et al. 2011:3039 [ref. 32191], Liu et al. 2012:274 [ref. 31548], Kottelat 2012:45 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:186 [ref. 32989], Kumar et al. 2016:155, 167 [ref. 34540]). Current status: Valid as Balitora meridionalis Kottelat 1988. Balitoridae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

minutum, Sinogastromyzon Mai [D. Y.] 1978:222, Fig. 104 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Nâm Muc Creek, Muong-Muon, Lai-Châu (Red River system), northern Vietnam. Syntypes: DVZUT. •Valid as Sinogastromyzon minutus Mai 1978 -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:196 [ref. 13491], Kottelat 2001:49 [ref. 25482] with question, Kottelat 2012:55 [ref. 32367] with question, Kottelat 2013:190 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon minutus Mai 1978. Balitoridae. Distribution: Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

modesta, Helgia Vinciguerra [D.] 1890:202, 330, Pl. 11 (fig. 12) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 9; ref. 4520] Meekalan, Myanmar. Lectotype: MSNG 15173A. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1893.2.16.50 (1), MSNG 15173B (1, now 3), ZMA 100982 (2). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:188 [ref. 10343], Nijssen et al. 1982:29 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Tortonese 1961:188 [ref. 10343]. •Valid as Homaloptera modesta (Vinciguerra 1890) -- (Menon 1987:223 [ref. 14149], Kottelat & Chu 1988:105 [ref. 12840], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:452 [ref. 20764], Shaji & Easa 1995:397 [ref. 22479], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], Selim & Vishwanath 1998:352 [ref. 24983], Arunkumar 1999:178 [ref. 24921], Arunachalam et al. 2002:31 [ref. 26804], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:224 [ref. 31584]). •Valid as Homalopteroides modestus (Vinciguerra 1890) -- (Randall & Page 2012:337 [ref. 32354], Kottelat 2012:50 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2014:165 [ref. 33335], Randall & Page 2015:69 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homalopteroides modestus (Vinciguerra 1890). Balitoridae. Distribution: Myanmar, Thailand and India. Habitat: freshwater.

modiglianii, Homaloptera Perugia [A.] 1893:245 [5] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 13; ref. 3434] Si-Rambè, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1931.10.29.1-2 (2), MSNG 9249 (5), ZSI 11296/1 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:189 [ref. 10343]. On p. 5 of separate. •Tentatively a synonym of Homaloptera gymnogaster Bleeker 1853 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:52 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Homalopterula modiglianii (Perugia 1893) -- (Kottelat 2012:52 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:189 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2015:71 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homalopterula modiglianii (Perugia 1893). Balitoridae. Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

montana, Homaloptera Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1945:400 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 35 (no. 12); ref. 2141] Puthutotam Estate, brook in Anamallai Hills, southern India, elevation about 3600 feet. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 39871. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:40 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Homaloptera montana Herre 1945 -- (Menon 1987:226 [ref. 14149], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:452 [ref. 20764], Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 1994:110 [ref. 21421], Shaji & Easa 1995:397 [ref. 22479], Kottelat 1998:271 [ref. 23656], Selim & Vishwanath 1998:352 [ref. 24983], Menon 1999:192 [ref. 24904], Arunkumar 1999:178 [ref. 24921], Arunachalam et al. 2002:31 [ref. 26804], Shrestha 2008:127 [ref. 29923], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:224 [ref. 31584], Kottelat 2012:49 [ref. 32367] in 'Homaloptera'). •Valid as Ghatsa montana (Herre 1945) -- (Randall & Page 2015:79, 81 [ref. 33701], Bleher 2018:106 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Ghatsa montana (Herre 1945). Balitoridae. Distribution: Western Ghats, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

multiocellum, Sinogastromyzon Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:614, Fig. 40 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Nâm So, Phong Thô, Lai Châu Province, Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTS I (lost). Paratypes: (2) lost. Misspelled multiocelum on p. 613. Types at RIA 1 [= NCNTTSI] are lost according to Endruweit 2014:144 [ref. 33205]. •Valid as Sinogastromyzon multiocellum Nguyen 2005 -- (Kottelat 2012:55 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:190 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:167 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon multiocellum Nguyen 2005. Balitoridae. Distribution: Vietnam and ? China. Habitat: freshwater.

mysorensis, Balitora brucei var. Hora [S. L.] 1941:232, Pl. 8 (fig. 4) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 43 (pt 2); ref. 2212] Sivasamudram, Cauvery River system, Karnataka, India. Holotype: ZSI F13512/1. •Valid as Balitora mysorensis Hora 1941 -- (Menon 1987:231 [ref. 14149], Kottelat 1988:494 [ref. 13379], Tilak 1990:295 [ref. 24003], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:448 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:194 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Nath et al. 2007:77 [ref. 29444], Conway & Mayden 2010:1468 [ref. 30776], Bhoite et al. 2011:3038 [ref. 32191], Liu et al. 2012:374 [ref. 31548], Kottelat 2012:45 [ref. 32367], Ragavan et al. 2013:3923 [ref. 32564], Kumar et al. 2016:155, 167 [ref. 34540], Bleher 2018:98 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Balitora mysorensis Hora 1941. Balitoridae. Distribution: Southern Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

namnaensis, Sinogastromyzon Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:610, Fig. 38 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Nâm Na River, Lai Châu Province, Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTS I (lost). Paratypes: (3) lost. Types at RIA 1 [= NCNTTSI] are lost according to Endruweit 2014:144 [ref. 33205]. •Valid as Sinogastromyzon namnaensis Nguyen 2005 -- (Kottelat 2012:56 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:190 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon namnaensis Nguyen 2005. Balitoridae. Distribution: Nâm Na and Da river systems, Lai Châu, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

namnuaensis, Dienbienia Nguyen [V. H.] & Nguyen [H. D.] 2002:10 [English 14], Fig. 1 [Tap Chí Sinh Hoc (Journal of Biology) v. 24 (no. 2); ref. 26611] Nam Nua River, Noong Luong Village, Dienbien District, Lai Chau Province, Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTSI H.04.10.01.01(lost). Paratypes: NCNTTSI H.04.10.01.02 (1) (lost). Misspelled once (in abstract) as nammuaensis -- regarded as a typesetting error. Types at RIA 1 [= NCBTTSI] are lost according to Endruweit 2014:144 [ref. 33205]. •Synonym of Hemimyzon pengi (Huang 1982) -- (Kottelat 2012:48 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:187 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:165 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Hemimyzon pengi (Huang 1982). Balitoridae. Distribution: Vietnam (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

nanensis, Hemimyzon Doi [A.] & Kottelat [M.] 1998:8, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Research v. 45 (no. 1); ref. 23304] Nam Wa River at Ban Nam Wa, Mae Nam Nan basin, Nan Province, northern Thailand. Holotype: NSMT-P 36130. Paratypes: CMK 4958 (2), 4972 (8); KUFM 3064 (3); NIFI uncat. (2); NSMT-P 36131-34 (3, 1, 1, 1). •Valid as Hemimyzon nanensis Doi & Kottelat 1998 -- (Kottelat 1998:64 [ref. 23436], Kunlapapuk et al. 2012:119 [ref. 32192], Kottelat 2012:48 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:187 [ref. 32989], Lalramliana et al. 2018:111 [ref. 35735]). Current status: Valid as Hemimyzon nanensis Doi & Kottelat 1998. Balitoridae. Distribution: Chao Phraya basin, Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

nanpanjiangensis, Sinogastromyzon Li [W.-X.] 1987:101 (English p. 103), Fig. 1 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 17694] Nanpan River, Lunan County, 24°42'N, 103°10'E, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: KIZ 753010. Paratypes: IHASW 753013 (1), 753015 (1); KIZ 753014 (1), 753025 (1). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:353 [ref. 32939]. •Mention -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:195 [ref. 13491]). •Valid as Sinogastromyzon nanpanjiangensis Li 1987 -- (Zhu 1995:139 [ref. 25213], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:560 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:9 [ref. 25445], Kottelat 2012:56 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:167 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon nanpanjiangensis Li 1987. Balitoridae. Distribution: Upper reach of Zhujiang (Pearl River), China. Habitat: freshwater.

nantaiensis, Sinogastromyzon Chen [I-S.], Han [C.-C.] & Fang [L.-S.] 2002:240, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 13 (no. 3); ref. 26535] Laonon River, Kaoping basin, Darjin, Liukuei, Pingtung County, Taiwan. Holotype: NMMBP 00465. Paratypes: NMMBP 00466-68 (3, 7, 2). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:33 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Sinogastromyzon nantaiensis Chen, Han & Fang 2002 -- (Chen & Fang 2009:185 [ref. 30109], Ho & Shao 2011:33 [ref. 31432], Kottelat 2012:56 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:168 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon nantaiensis Chen, Han & Fang 2002. Balitoridae. Distribution: Southern Taiwan. Habitat: freshwater.

nantingensis, Balitora Chen [X.-Y.], Cui [G.-H.] & Yang [J.-X.] 2005:22, Figs. 1-3 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. no. 13; ref. 28351] Mangjiu River, 23°58'55"N, 99°41'17"E. tributary of Nanting River, Daxueshan Township, Yongde County, Lincang Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China, elevation 730 meters. Holotype: KIZ 20026475. Paratypes: KIZ 20026423, 434, and 442 (3), 20026461, 464, 468, 470-472, and 474 (7); ZRC 20026476 (1). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:353 [ref. 32939].as natingensis. •Questionably the same as B, nantingensis and B. burnanica -- (Kottelat 2012:45 [ref. 32367]). •Questionably valid as Balitora nantingensis Chen, Cui & Yang 2005 -- (Kottelat 2013:186 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Balitora nantingensis Chen, Cui & Yang 2005 -- (Conway & Mayden 2010:1468 [ref. 30776], Liu et al. 2012:374 [ref. 31548], Bhoite et al. 2012:3039 [ref. 32191], Zhang et al. 2016:164 [ref. 34477], Kumar et al. 2016:155, 167 [ref. 34540]). Current status: Valid as Balitora nantingensis Chen, Cui & Yang 2005. Balitoridae. Distribution: Nanting River, tributary to Salween River, Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

nebulosa, Homaloptera (Homalopteroides) Alfred [E. R.] 1969:227, Pl. 1 (figs. 3-4); Fig. 1H [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 43 (no. 18); ref. 7794] Sok River at Kompong Sok, Kelantan, Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 2020. Paratypes: BMNH 1967.11.15.15 (1), RMNH 25917 (1), CAS-SU 66428 (1), ZRC 1759 [?1959] (1). Type catalog: Alfred 1970:70 [ref. 23931]. •Valid as Homaloptera nebulosa Alfred 1969 -- (Roberts 1989:88 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:52 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:236 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:271 [ref. 23656], Ng & Tan 1999:355 [ref. 24159], Tan & Lim 2004:109 [ref. 27716], Grinang & Lim 2004:290 [ref. 28551], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:156 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:188 [ref. 28285], Ott 2009:83 [ref. 31048]). •Valid as Homalopteroides nebulosus (Alfred 1969) -- (Randall & Page 2012:335 [ref. 32354], Kottelat 2012:50 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2014:165 [ref. 33335], Randall & Page 2015:69 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homalopteroides nebulosus (Alfred 1969). Balitoridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

nicholsi, Lepturichthys Hora [S. L.] 1932:297, Pls. 10 (fig. 8), 12 (fig. 3) [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 2208] Tung Ting [Tungting] Lake, Hunan, China. Holotype: ZSI F11098/1. See Das 2003:363 [ref. 27706] who dates to 1933. •Synonym of Lepturichthys fimbriata (Günther 1888) -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:190 [ref. 13491] as fimbriatus, Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:535 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2012:53 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:166 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Lepturichthys fimbriatus (Günther 1888). Current status: Synonym of Lepturichthys fimbriatus (Günther 1888). Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigra, Homaloptera (Homaloptera) Alfred [E. R.] 1969:217, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2); Figs. 1b, 2b [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 43 (no. 18); ref. 7794] Tahan River at Chegar Sireh, King George V National Park [now Taman Negara], Pahang, Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 2009. Paratypes: BMNH 1967.11.15.7-8 (2); RMNH 25922 (2); CAS-SU 66424 (2); ZSI F108/2 (1), F110/2 (1); ZRC 1548 (5), 1550 (6). Type catalog: Alfred 1970:69 [ref. 23931]. •Questionably a synonym of Homaloptera zollingeri Bleeker 1853 -- (Roberts 1989:91 [ref. 6439]). •Valid as Homaloptera nigra Alfred 1969 -- (Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], Ng & Tan 1999:356 [ref. 24159]). •Synonym of Homaloptera zollingeri Bleeker 1853 -- (Kottelat 2001:97 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Balitoropsis zollingeri (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2012:47 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:187 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2015:74 [ref. 33701], Randall & Riggs 2015:212 [ref. 33821]). Current status: Synonym of Balitoropsis zollingeri (Bleeker 1853). Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigrocorpa, Balitora Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:594, Fig. 29 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Lô River, Hà Giang Province, Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTS I, Bac Ninh. Paratypes: (1) (lost) Spelled nigrocopa in caption to Fig. 29; that spelling regarded [by W.N.E.] as a alpsus [misspelling] as nigrocorpa would be correctly formed. Genus as Sinohomaloptera in caption to Fig. 29; Balitoria as used in the main heading regarded as the correct original genus. Types at RIA 1 [= NCNTTSI] are lost according to Endruweit 2014:144 [ref. 33205]. •Valid as Balitora nigrocorpa Nguyen 2005 -- (Bhoite et al. 2012:3039 [ref. 32191]). •Qestionably a synonym of Balitoria kwangsiensis (Fang 1930) -- (Kottelat 2012:45 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:185 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Balitora kwangsiensis (Fang 1930). Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

niulanjiangensis, Jinshaia Li [W.-X.], Mao [W.-N.] & Lu [Z.-M.] in Li, Mao, Lu, Sun & Lu 1998:1, Fig. 1 [Chinese Journal of Fisheries v. 11 (no. 1); ref. 28154] Niulanjiang, 25°58'N, 103°36'E, Qujing County, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: 9207001. Paratypes: 9207002-05 (4). Types are in Reservoir of Heilongtan Lunan and Fishery Administration, Qujing Region, Yunnan. Inadvertent spelling error on p. 3. •Valid as Jinshaia niulanjiangensis Li, Mao & Lu 1998 -- (Kottelat 2012:53 [ref. 32367]). •Synonym of Jinshaia sinensis (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874) -- (Zhang et al. 2016:166 [ref. 34477] with authorship as Sauvage & Dabry). Current status: Synonym of Jinshaia sinensis (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874). Balitoridae. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

nujiangensis, Balitora Zhang [W.] & Zheng [C.-Y.] in Zheng & Zhang 1983:66 [English p. 69], Figs. [Journal of Science and Medicine of Jinan University 1983 (no. 1); ref. 21356] Liu-ku, Nu-Jiang basin in Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: IHASW 81-X-4327. Paratypes: IHASW 81-X-4321 (1), 785024 (1), 785027 (1); Jinan Univ. Dept. Biol. 81-X-4323 (1). •Valid as Balitora nujiangensis Zhang & Zheng 1983 -- (Zhu 1995:137 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:264 [ref. 23556], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:526 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445], Chen et al. 2005:25 [ref. 28351], Bhoite et al. 2012:3039 [ref. 32191], Zhang et al. 2016:164 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Hemimyzon nujiangensis (Zhang & Zheng 1983) -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:194 [ref. 13491], Doi & Kottelat 1998:7 [ref. 23304], Freyhof & Herder 2002:57 [ref. 26065], Kottelat 2012:48 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:187 [ref. 32989], Lalramliana et al. 2018:111 [ref. 35735]). Current status: Valid as Hemimyzon nujiangensis (Zhang & Zheng 1983). Balitoridae. Distribution: Nujiang River, upper Salween River basin, China. Habitat: freshwater.

ocellata, Balitora Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846:96 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 18; ref. 1011] Bogor, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3122. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:101 [ref. 19574]. Type information: Roberts 1993:25 [ref. 21799]. Described independently of but subjectively invalid, preoccupied in Homaloptera by Homaloptera ocellata van der Hoeven 1830. Description as a holotype is questioned; based on a drawing and on MNHN 0000-3122 -- Kottelat 2012:51 [ref. 32367]. Secondary junior homonym of H. wassinkii Bleeker 1853 according to Kottleat 2012; he selected wassinkii as valid. •Synonym of Homaloptera wassinkii Bleeker 1853 -- (Roberts 1993:25 [ref. 21799]). •Treated as valid as Homaloptera ocellata (Valenciennes 1846) -- (Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832]). •Synonym or Homalopteroides wassinkii (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2013:189 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Homalopteroides wassinkii (Bleeker 1853). Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

ocellata, Homaloptera van der Hoeven [J.] (ex van Hasselt) 1832:211 [Handboek der Dierkunde; ref. 5061] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 2723. Figures appeared in van der Hoeven 1833: Pl. 13 (fig. 12). •Mention -- (Kottelat 1987:373 [ref. 5962]). •Valid as Homaloptera ocellata van der Hoeven 1832 (date often seen as 1833) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:52 [ref. 23448], Kottelat 1998:270 [ref. 23656], Tan & Ng 2005:7 [ref. 28206], Ott 2009:83 [ref. 31048], Kottelat 2012:50 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2015:63 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homaloptera ocellata van der Hoeven 1832. Balitoridae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

ogilviei, Homaloptera Alfred [E. R.] 1967:587, Figs. 1-3 [Copeia 1967 (no. 3); ref. 7938] Telai [Jelai] River, at 14th mile along Yampin [Tampin] to Kuala Pilah Road, Negri Sembilan, Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 1555. Paratypes: BMNH 1966.9.26.1 (1); RMNH 25443 (1); USNM 20091 (1); ZRC 1553-54 (2, 2), 1556-59 (1, 1, 1, 1); ZSI uncat. (1). Type catalog: Alfred 1970:69 [ref. 23931]. •Valid as Homaloptera ogilviei Alfred 1967 -- (Roberts 1989:89 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:53 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:270 [ref. 23656], Ng & Tan 1999:356 [ref. 24159], Arunkumar 1999:178 [ref. 24921], Tan & Ng 2005:7 [ref. 28206], Kottelat 2012:50 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2015:63 [ref. 33701], Ng et al. 2019:520 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Homaloptera ogilviei Alfred 1967. Balitoridae. Distribution: Malaya (Malaysia). Habitat: freshwater.

omeiensis, Metahomaloptera Chang [H.-W.] 1944:54 [Sinensia v. 15 (nos 1-6); ref. 5136] Loshan and Omei, western China. Syntypes: ? Chang pers. coll. 1701 (1), 1702 (1), 2552-2556 (5), 2558 (1), 2560 (1), 2561 (1). •Valid as Metahomaloptera omeiensis Chang 1944 -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:195 [ref. 13491], Li in Ding 1994:442 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:140 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:274 [ref. 23556], Tang & Chen 2000:9 [ref. 25445]). •Valid as Metahomaloptera omeiensis Chang 1944, subspecies omeiensis Chang 1944 -- (Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:564 [ref. 25272], Yang et al. 2007:68 [ref. 29319], Kottelat 2012:54 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:167 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Metahomaloptera omeiensis Chang 1944. Balitoridae. Distribution: Upper reach of Changjiang River, China. Habitat: freshwater.

ophiolepis, Homaloptera Bleeker [P.] 1853:160 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16903] Bandong, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 4986. Paralectotypes: RMNH 1929 (1). Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.48 (1). Lectotype selected by Alfred 1961:35 [ref. 20552]. •Valid as Homaloptera ophiolepis Bleeker 1853 -- (Roberts 1989:89 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:53 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:270 [ref. 23656], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:156 [ref. 28284]). •Valid as Balitoropsis ophiolepis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2012:46 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:186 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2015:74 [ref. 33701], Randall & Riggs 2015:219 [ref. 33821]). Current status: Valid as Balitoropsis ophiolepis (Bleeker 1853). Balitoridae. Distribution: Sumatra and Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

orthogoniata, Homaloptera Vaillant [L. L.] 1902:122, Figs. 33-35 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (note 1); ref. 4490] Bloeoe [= Blu] River, Mahakam basin, Borneo. Lectotype: RMNH 7790. Paralectotypes: RMNH 7791 (1), 36370 (5). Lectotype appeared in Tan & Ng 2005:3-4, not designated here. •See Rainboth 1996:125 [ref. 22772]. •Valid as Homaloptera orthogoniata Vaillant 1902 -- (Roberts 1989:89 [ref. 6439], Lim et al. 1990:43 [ref. 16753], Kottelat et al. 1993:53 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:236 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:270 [ref. 23656], Ng & Tan 1999:356 [ref. 24159], Kottelat 2000:53 [ref. 25040], Tan & Ng 2005:2 [ref. 28206], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:156 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:188 [ref. 28285], Kottelat 2012:50 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2015:63 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homaloptera orthogoniata Vaillant 1902. Balitoridae. Distribution: Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

papilio, Hemimyzon Kottelat [M.] 1998:61, Figs. 96-97a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 23436] Nam Theun, waterfall at 18°01'40"N, 104°58'54"E, Laos. Holotype: ZRC 41788. Paratypes: CMK 12253 (56), 12715 (8); DFV uncat. (11); NRM 36704 (10); ZRC 41789 (10). •Valid as Hemimyzon papilio Kottelat 1998 -- (Freyhof et al. 2000:95 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:97 [ref. 25780], Freyhof & Herder 2002:54 [ref. 26065], Kunlapapuk et al. 2012:119 [ref. 32192], Kottelat 2012:48 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:187 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:44 [ref. 33971], Lalramliana et al. 2018:111 [ref. 35735]). Current status: Valid as Hemimyzon papilio Kottelat 1998. Balitoridae. Distribution: Nam Theun, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

parclitella, Homaloptera Tan [H. H.] & Ng [P. K. L.] 2005:7, Figs. 4b, 5 [labelled 6], 6 a-b [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 28206] Sekayu waterfalls, rock pools about 5 min. walk upstream of chalets, 4°57.80'N, 102°57.21'E, Terengganu basin, Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 49257. Paratypes: CMK 16287 (2); ZRC 42644 (4), 42775 (11), 42812 (34), 43751 (1), 47167 (1). •Valid as Homaloptera parclitella Tan & Ng 2005 -- (Kottelat 2012:50 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2015:63 [ref. 33701], Ng et al. 2019:520 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Homaloptera parclitella Tan & Ng 2005. Balitoridae. Distribution: Malaya (Malaysia), southern Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

pavonina, Balitora Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846:97 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 18; ref. 1011] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3123 [ex RMNH] (poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:100-101 [ref. 19574]. Type information: Roberts 1993:24 [ref. 21799]. •Synonym of Homaloptera ocellata van der Hoeven 1832 -- (Roberts 1993:24 [ref. 21799], Kottelat 2012:50 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Homaloptera ocellata van der Hoeven 1832. Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

pengi, Balitora Huang [S.] in Zheng, Chen & Huang 1982:395 (English p. 401), Fig. 2 [Zoological Research v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 21355] Xishuangbanna, Menghai Counnty, Yunnan Province, China. Syntypes: KIZ 73046-53 (8). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:353 [ref. 32939]. •Valid as Balitora pengi Huang 1982 -- (Zheng & Zhang 1983:66 [ref. 21356], Zhu 1995:137 [ref. 25213], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:529 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445], Freyhof & Herder 2002:57 [ref. 26065], Wang et al. 2010:26[ref. 30898], Kunlapapuk et al. 2012:119 [ref. 32192]). •Valid as Hemimyzon pengi (Huang 1982) -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:194 [ref. 13491], Doi & Kottelat 1998:7 [ref. 23304], Kottelat 2001:97 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2012:48 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:187 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:165 [ref. 34477], Lalramliana et al. 2018:111 [ref. 35735]). Current status: Valid as Hemimyzon pengi (Huang 1982). Balitoridae. Distribution: Lancangjiang [Mekong] River, China. Habitat: freshwater.

pillaii, Homaloptera Indra [T. J.] & Rema Devi [K.] 1981:67, Pl. 2 (figs. A-B) [Bulletin of the Zoological Survey of India v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 8585] Kunthi River, Western Ghats, Kerala, India. Holotype: SRS/ZSI 462. Paratypes: SRS/ZSI 463 (3), R.S. Pillai coll. (17). Type catalog: Menon 1987:228 [ref. 14149]. See Das 2003:362 [ref. 27706] as pillai and second author as Remadevi. •Synonym of Homaloptera montana Herre 1945 -- (Menon 1987:226 [ref. 14149], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:452 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Homaloptera pillaii Indra & Rema Devi 1981 -- (Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 1994:110 [ref. 21421], Shaji & Easa 1995:397 [ref. 22479], Kottelat 1998:271 [ref. 23656], Menon 1999:193 [ref. 24904], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:225 [ref. 31584]). •Valid as 'Homaloptera pillaii' Indri & Rama Devi 1981 -- (Kottelat 2012:50 [ref. 32367]). •Valid as Ghatsa pillaii (Indra & Remi Devi 1981) -- (Randall & Page 2015:79 [ref. 33701] with question, Bleher 2018:108 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Ghatsa pillaii (Indra & Rema Devi 1981). Balitoridae. Distribution: Western Ghats, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

polylepis, Homaloptera Bleeker [P.] 1853:162 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16903] Bogor, Tjippannas [Tjpannas], Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) probably in RMNH 7049 (now 13). Type catalog: Alfred 1961:35 [ref. 20552]. •Synonym of Homaloptera ocellata van der Hoeven 1832 -- (Kottelat 2012:50 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Homaloptera ocellata van der Hoeven 1832. Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

puliensis, Sinogastromyzon Liang [Y.-S.] 1974:153 [Symp. Biol. Environ. Sinica; ref. 19935] Pu-lo, [Tatuchi, Puli], Taiwan. Holotype (unique): THUP 50280. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:33 [ref. 31432]. Original not seen. •Valid as Sinogastromyzon puliensis Liang 1974 -- (Tzeng & Shen 1982:164 [ref. 8410], Watanabe 1983:114 [ref. 8266], Kottelat & Chu 1988:197 [ref. 13491], Zhu 1995:139 [ref. 25213], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:552 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:9 [ref. 25445], Chen et al. 2002:239 [ref. 26535], Chen & Fang 2009:185 [ref. 30109], Ho & Shao 2011:33 [ref. 31432], Kottelat 2012:56 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:168 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon puliensis Liang 1974. Balitoridae. Distribution: Taiwan. Habitat: freshwater.

pumilicorpora, Hemimyzon Zheng [C.-Y.] & Zhang [W.] 1987:81 [English p. 85], Fig. 1 [Journal of Science and Medicine of Jinan University 1987 (no. 3); ref. 17741] Above Huangguoshu Falls, on Biehe River, Jenling Xian, Guizhou, China. Syntypes: JNU 83IV 0050-52 (3); IHASW 83IV 0046 (1), 0048 (1), 0054 (1). •Valid as Hemimyzon pumilicorpora Zheng & Zhang 1987 -- (Zhu 1995:138 [ref. 25213], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:545 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445], Chen & Fang 2009:[5] [ref. 30109], Kunlapapuk et al. 2012:119 [ref. 32192], Kottelat 2012:48 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:165 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Hemimyzon pumilicorpora Zheng & Zhang 1987. Balitoridae. Distribution: Nanpan River, China. Habitat: freshwater.

ripleyi, Homalopterula Fowler [H. W.] 1940:379, Figs. 5-7 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 91 (for 1939); ref. 1433] Goempang River at Meloewak, Atjeh Province, Sumatra, Indonesia, elevation 1640 feet. Holotype (unique): ANSP 68713 (poor condition). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:114 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Homaloptera ripleyi (Fowler 1940) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:53 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:271 [ref. 23656], Ott 2009:74, 76 [ref. 31048]). •Valid as Homalopterula ripleyi Fowler 1910 -- (Kottelat 2012:52 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2015:71 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homalopterula ripleyi Fowler 1940. Balitoridae. Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

rugocauda, Sinogastromyzon Mai [D. Y.] 1978:221, Fig. 103 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Nâm-Công Creek, Mã River system (Son-La), northern Vietnam. Syntypes: DVZUT. •Valid as Sinogastromyzon rugocauda Mai 1978 -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:197 [ref. 13491], Kottelat 2001:49 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2001:119 [ref. 25780] as cf. rugocauda, Kottelat 2012:56 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:190 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon rugocauda Mai 1978. Balitoridae. Distribution: Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

rupicola, Chopraia Prashad [B.] & Mukerji [D. D.] 1929:188, Pl. 8 (fig. 3) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 31 (pt 3); ref. 3558] Streams around Kamaing, Myitkyina District, Upper Myanmar. Holotype: ZSI F10879/1. Paratypes: CAS-SU 28726 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:40 [ref. 12291], Menon & Yazdani 1968:118 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:362 [ref. 27706] with date as 1930. •Valid as Homaloptera rupicola (Prashad & Mukerji 1929) -- (Menon 1987:224 [ref. 14149], Kottelat & Chu 1988:105 [ref. 12840], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:453 [ref. 20764], Shaji & Easa 1995:397 [ref. 22479], Kottelat 1998:271 [ref. 23656], Selim & Vishwanath 1998:352 [ref. 24983], Arunkumar 1999:178 [ref. 24921], Arunachalam et al. 2002:31 [ref. 26804], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:224 [ref. 31584]). •Valid as Homalopteroides rupicola (Prashad & Mukerji 1929) -- (Randall & Page 2012:335 [ref. 32354], Kottelat 2012:50 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2014:166 [ref. 33335], Randall & Page 2015:69 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homalopteroides rupicola (Prashad & Mukerji 1929). Balitoridae. Distribution: Myanmar and Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

salusur, Homaloptera Bleeker [P.] 1853:161 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16903] Jakarta, Tjampea, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 5075. Paralectotypes: RMNH 8489 (2). Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.50 (1). Lectotype selected by Alfred 1961:35 [ref. 20552]. •Valid as Homaloptera ocellata van der Hoeven 1832 -- (Kottelat 2012:50 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Homaloptera ocellata van der Hoeven 1832. Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

sanhoensis, Sinogastromyzon Fang [P.-W.] 1931:56, Figs. 9 [Sinensia v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16365] San-ho-shien, southern Kweichow, China, elevation 650 feet. Holotype: MMNHN 3481. Paratypes: MMNHN 3120-24, 3279-87, 3478-82, 3519, 3543. •Synonym of Sinogastromyzon wui Fang 1930 -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:197 [ref. 13491], Zheng et al. 1989:269 [ref. 21202], Zheng in Pan et al. 1991:259 [ref. 23876], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:562 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2012:56 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:168 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Sinogastromyzon wui Fang 1930. Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

santhamparaiensis, Homaloptera Arunachalam [M.], Johnson [J. A.] & Rema Devi [K.] 2002:32, Figs. 1-3 [Acta Zoologica Taiwanica v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 26804] Panniyar Stream, a tributary of the Periyar River, above Ponmudi Reservoir at Santhampari Hills (4 kilometers from Pooparai Village), 9°82'N, 77°15'E, Idukki District of Kerala, India, elevation 912 meters. Holotype: ZSI/SRS F.5322. Paratypes: ZSI/SRS F.5323 (1), MSU/SPKCES F.3 (4). •Valid as Homaloptera santhamparaiensis Arunachalam, Johnson & Rema Devi 2002 -- (Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:225 [ref. 31584], Kottelat 2012:50 [ref. 32367] as 'Homaloptera'). •Valid as Ghatsa santhamparaiensis (Arunachalam, Johnson & Rema Devi 2002) -- (Randall & Page 2015:79 [ref. 33701] with question, Bleher 2018:110 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Ghatsa santhamparaiensis (Arunachalam, Johnson & Rema Devi 2002). Balitoridae. Distribution: Kerala, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

septemmaculata, Homaloptera Fowler [H. W.] 1934:99, Figs. 49-50 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Chieng Mai, northern Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 56402. Paratypes: ANSP 56403 (1). Additional material: (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:114 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Balitoropsis sexmaculata (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 2012:46 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:186 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Pseudohomaloptera sexmaculata (Fowler 1934) -- (Randall & Page 2015:79 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudohomaloptera sexmaculata (Fowler 1934). Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

serpentarius, Nemacheilus Day [F.] 1870:551 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 3) (for 25 Nov. 1869); ref. 1077] No locality [? Mayanmar or northern India]. Syntypes: (3) ZSI A.955 (2, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:157 [ref. 23762]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Synonym of Homaloptera bilineata Blyth 1860 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:451 [ref. 20764], Kottelat 2012:49 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:187 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Homaloptera bilineata Blyth 1860. Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

sexmaculata, Homaloptera Fowler [H. W.] 1934:98, Figs. 47-48 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Chieng Mai, northern Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 56374 (not separated, in jar with paratypes). Paratypes: ANSP 56375-79 (5), ZSI [ex ANSP 56380-56381] (2). Additional material (26). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:114 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Homaloptera sexmaculata Fowler 1934 -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:105 [ref. 12840], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:270 [ref. 23656]). •Valid as Balitoropsis sexmaculata (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 2012:46 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2015:44 [ref. 33971]). •Valid as Pseudohomaloptera sexmaculata (Fowler 1934) -- (Randall & Page 2015:79 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Pseudohomaloptera sexmaculata (Fowler 1934). Balitoridae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

sheni, Hemimyzon Chen [I-S.] & Fang [L.-S.] 2009:186, Figs. 1-2, 4(a) [Environmental Biology of Fishes v. 86; ref. 30109] Small tributary, 3 kilometers south of Yi-Ting mountain, upper reaches of Tar-Ju River, Tar--Ren Village, Yaitung County, Taiwan. Holotype: NTOU P-2007-07-077. Paratypes: NTOU P-2007-07-078 (2). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:32 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Hemimyzon sheni Chen & Fang 2009 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:32 [ref. 31432], Kunlapapuk et al. 2012:119 [ref. 32192], Kottelat 2012:48 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:165 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Hemimyzon sheni Chen & Fang 2009. Balitoridae. Distribution: Tar-Ju River basin (Taiwan) and ? China. Habitat: freshwater.

shimogensis, Balitora Sukas & Kalawar [C. N.] in Kalawar & Kulkarni 1956:675 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 53 (pt 4); ref. 22854] Not available, no distinguishing features. •Questionably in the synonymy of Balitora mysorensis Hora 1941 -- (Kottelat 1988:494 [ref. 13379], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:448 [ref. 20764]). •Possibly the same (nomen nudum) as Balitora laticauda Bhoite, Jadhav & Dahanukar 2012 -- (Bhoite et al. 2012:3045 [ref. 32191]. Kottelat 2012:45 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Uncertain as Balitora mysorensis Hora 1941. Balitoridae.

sichangensis, Sinogastromyzon Chang [H.-W.] 1944:53 [Sinensia v. 15 (nos 1-6); ref. 5136] Anning River, near Tahochang, Sichang, southern China. Syntypes: ? Chang pers. coll. 2086 (1), 2094 (1), 2095 (1). •Valid as Sinogastromyzon sichangensis Chang 1944 -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:197 [ref. 13491], Wu & Wu 1992:520 [ref. 21205], Zhu 1995:140 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:268 [ref. 23556], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:558 [ref. 25272] as sichuangensis, Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Tang & Chen 2000:9 [ref. 25445], Kottelat 2012:56 [ref. 32367], Yang & Guo 2013:899 [ref. 32962] spelled sichuangensis on p. 899, Zhang et al. 2016:168 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon sichangensis Chang 1944. Balitoridae. Distribution: Upper reach of Changjiang River, China. Habitat: freshwater.

silasi, Homaloptera Kurup [B. M.] & Radhakrishnan [K. V.] 2011:224, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 107 (no. 3) [2010]; ref. 31584] Kattamadithode, a small stream connecting with the Periyar River in Periyar Tiger Reserve at Chokkanpetty, Kerala, India. Holotype: ZSI-WGRS V/F 13118. Paratypes: ZSI-WGRS V/F 13118a-b (2). •Valid as Homaloptera silasi Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011 -- (Kottelat 2012:50 [ref. 32367] as 'Homaloptera'). •Valid as Ghatsa silasi (Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011) -- (Randall & Page 2015:79 [ref. 33701] with question, Bleher 2018:111 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Ghatsa silasi (Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011). Balitoridae. Distribution: Periyar River system, Kerala, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

sinensis, Psilorhynchus Sauvage [H.-E.] & Dabry de Thiersant [P.] 1874:14 [Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (Zoologie et Paléontologie) (Sér. 6) v. 1 (art. 5); ref. 15665] Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7892. •Valid as Hemimyzon sinensis (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874) -- (Li in Ding 1994:435 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:139 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:270 [ref. 23556], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373]). •Valid as Jinshaia sinensis (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874) -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:191 [ref. 13491], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:549 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445], Kottelat 2012:53 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:166 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Jinshaia sinensis (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874). Balitoridae. Distribution: Upper reach of Changjiang River, China. Habitat: freshwater.

smithi, Homaloptera Hora [S. L.] 1932:286, Pl. 11 (fig. 3) [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 2208] Tadi Stream and Klong Pong at Ban Kiriwong, Nakon Sritamarat, Thailand. Syntypes: KUMF 0165 (3); ?USNM 107941 (1), ?109821 (5), ?119459 (1); ZSI F11293/1 and F11294/1 (4) Klong Pong, F11295 (2) Tadi Stream. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:5 [ref. 23217]. See Das 2003:362 [ref. 27706] with date as 1933. •Valid as Homaloptera smithi Hora 1932 -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:105 [ref. 12840], Kottelat & Lim 1995:236 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:125 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:64 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 1998:271 [ref. 23656], Freyhof et al. 2000:95 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:97 [ref. 25780], Ott 2009:84 [ref. 31048], Randall & Page 2012:329 [ref. 32354]). •Valid as Homalopteroides smithi (Hora 1932) -- (Randall & Page 2012:335 [ref. 32354], Kottelat 2012:51 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2014:166 [ref. 33335], Randall & Page 2015:69 [ref. 33701], Kottelat 2015:44 [ref. 33971], Ng et al. 2019:520 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Homalopteroides smithi (Hora 1932). Balitoridae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

songamensis, Hemimyzon Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:601, Fig. 33 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Gâm River, Na Hang, Tuyên Quang Province, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): NCNTTS I, Bac Ninh (lost). Spelled songamenis on p. 603; Kottelat acts as first reviser selecting songamensis. Types at RIA 1 [= NCNTTSI] are lost according to Endruweit 2014:144 [ref. 33205]. •Valid as Hemimyzon songamensis Nguyen 2005 -- (Kunlapapuk et al. 2012:119 [ref. 32192]). •Questionably a synonym of Balitora kwangsiensis (Fang 1930) -- (Kottelat 2012:45 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:186 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Balitora kwangsiensis (Fang 1930). Balitoridae. Distribution: Vietnam (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

stephensoni, Homaloptera Hora [S. L.] 1932:281, Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 2208] Upper Mahakam River, East Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: RMNH 7633. See Das 2003:362 [ref. 27706] with date as 1933. •Valid as Homaloptera stephensoni Hora 1932 -- (Roberts 1989:90 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:53 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:587 [ref. 23647], Kottelat 1998:270 [ref. 23656], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:156 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:188 [ref. 28285] as cf stephensoni, Tan 2009:61 [ref. 30296]). •Valid as Balitoropsis stephensoni (Hora 1932) -- (Kottelat 2012:46 [ref. 32367]). •Valid as Homalopteroides stephensoni (Hora 1932) -- (Randall & Page 2012:335 [ref. 32354], Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2014:166 [ref. 33335], Randall & Page 2015:69 [ref. 33701], Sulaiman et al. 2018:31 [ref. 35802]). Current status: Valid as Homalopteroides stephensoni (Hora 1932). Balitoridae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

szechuanensis, Sinogastromyzon Fang [P.-W.] 1930:99, Figs. 1-2 [Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China. (Zoological Series) v. 6 (no. 9); ref. 16273] Szechuan, China. Holotype: SSCN 6052. Paratypes: SSCN 6053-54 (2). •Valid as Sinogastromyzon szechuanensis Fang 1930 -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:197 [ref. 13491], Li in Ding 1994:437 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:139 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:271 [ref. 23556], Li et al. 1999:45 [ref. 28160], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:552 [ref. 25272], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Tang & Chen 2000:9 [ref. 25445], Kottelat 2012:56 [ref. 32367], Yang & Guo 2013:899 [ref. 32962], Zhang et al. 2016:168 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon szechuanensis Fang 1930. Balitoridae. Distribution: Upper reach of Changjiang River, China. Habitat: freshwater.

taitungensis, Hemimyzon Tzeng [C.-S.] & Shen [S.-C.] 1982:166, Fig. 5-6 [Bulletin of the Institute of Zoology Academia Sinica (Taipei) v. 21 (no. 2); ref. 8410] Shin-wu-leu River, Lee-daou, Hai-duan, Taitung County, Taiwan. Holotype: NTUM 04941. Paratypes: (12) NTUM 04963-73 (11), UBC 81-65 (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:32 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Hemimyzon taitungensis Tzeng & Shen 1982 -- (Watanabe 1983:118 [ref. 8266], Kottelat & Chu 1988:194 [ref. 13491], Zhu 1995:139 [ref. 25213], Doi & Kottelat 1998:7 [ref. 23304], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:546 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445], Chen et al. 2002:239 [ref. 26535], Chen & Fang 2009:[5] [ref. 30109], Ho & Shao 2011:32 [ref. 31432], Kunlapapuk et al. 2012:119 [ref. 32192], Kottelat 2012:48 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:166 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Hemimyzon taitungensis Tzeng & Shen 1982. Balitoridae. Distribution: Taiwan and ? China. Habitat: freshwater.

taiwanica, Homaloptera Kishinouye [K.] 1905:176 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 17; ref. 18420] Taiwan. No types known. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:32 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Hemimyzon formosanus (Boulenger 1894) -- (Ho & Shao 2011:32 [ref. 31432]). Current status: Synonym of Hemimyzon formosanus (Boulenger 1894). Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

tatereganii, Homaloptera Popta [C. M. L.] 1905:180 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 25 (no. 4) (art. 15); ref. 3549] Bo River, Upper Mahaka River basin, East Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7632. Species originally as Tate Reganii, correction mandatory. •Questionably valid as Homaloptera tateregani Popta 1905 -- (Kottelat 1998:270 [ref. 23656]). •Valid as Homaloptera tatereganii Popta 1905 -- (Tan 2009:57 [ref. 30296] as tateregani). •Valid as Balitoropsis tatereganii (Popta 1905) -- (Kottelat 2012:46 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:186 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Pseudohomaloptera tatereganii (Popta 1905) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:53 [ref. 23448] as tateregani, Doi 1997:19 [ref. 22832], Randall & Page 2015:79 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Pseudohomaloptera tatereganii (Popta 1905). Balitoridae. Distribution: Upper Mahaka River basin, East Kalimantan, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

tchangi, Balitora Zheng [C.-Y.] in Zheng, Chen & Huang 1982:396 (English p. 402), Fig. 3 [Zoological Research v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 21355] Xishuangbanna. Jinghong Xian, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype (unique): IHASW 78III0432. •Valid as Balitora tchangi Zheng 1982 -- (Zheng & Zhang 1983:66 [ref. 21356], Zhu 1995:137 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:267 [ref. 23556], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:528 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445], Bhoite et al. 2012:3039 [ref. 32191], Zhang et al. 2016:165 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Hemimyzon tchangi (Zheng 1982) -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:194 [ref. 13491], Doi & Kottelat 1998:7 [ref. 23304], Kottelat 2012:48 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:187 [ref. 32989], Lalramliana et al. 2018:111 [ref. 35735]). Current status: Valid as Hemimyzon tchangi (Zheng 1982). Balitoridae. Distribution: Nujiang River, upper Mekong basin, China. Habitat: freshwater.

thamicola, Homaloptera Kottelat [M.] 1988:228, Fig. 4 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 40 (no. 4); ref. 13829] Susa Cave, Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand, 19°28'N, 98°08'E. Holotype (unique): AMS I.25987-001. •Valid as Homaloptera thamicola Kottelat 1988 -- (Doi 1997:18 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Cryptotora thamicola (Kottelat 1988) -- (Kottelat 1998:271 [ref. 23656], Romero & Paulson 2001:20 [ref. 26040], Trajano et al. 2002:169 [ref. 26082], Proudlove 2006:94 [ref. 28992], Kottelat 2012:47 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:187 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Cryptotora thamicola (Kottelat 1988). Balitoridae. Distribution: Mae Hong Province, Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

tonkinensis, Sinogastromyzon Pellegrin [J.] & Chevey [P.] 1935:232, Fig. 1 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 60; ref. 15670] Lai Chau, Tonkin, northern Vietnam. Syntypes: IOI 545 (1), MNHN 1935-0041 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:101-102 [ref. 19574]. Kottelat 2012:56 [ref. 32367] has a holotype; original with 2 specimens. •Valid as Sinogastromyzon tonkinensis Pellegrin & Chevey 1935 -- (Mai 1978:219 [ref. 13511], Kottelat & Chu 1988:197 [ref. 13491], Zhu 1995:139 [ref. 25213], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:557 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:9 [ref. 25445], Kottelat 2001:49 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2012:56 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:190 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:168 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon tonkinensis Pellegrin & Chevey 1935. Balitoridae. Distribution: Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

tweediei, Homaloptera Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1940:7, Pl. 1 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 16; ref. 2130] Shallow rapid creek, Mawai District, Johore, about 40 miles north of Singapore. Holotype: CAS-SU 33012. Paratypes: BMNH 1938.12.1.132 [from Herre] (1) Johore; CAS-SU 33013 (2). Additional material: Raffles Mus. (4) Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:40 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Homaloptera tweediei Herre 1940 -- (Roberts 1989:90 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:54 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:125 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:19 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:271 [ref. 23656], Ng & Tan 1999:356 [ref. 24159], Kottelat 2001:97 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Homalopteroides tweediei (Herre 1940) -- (Randall & Page 2012:335 [ref. 32354], Kottelat 2012:51 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2014:166 [ref. 33335], Randall & Page 2015:69 [ref. 33701], Ng et al. 2019:520 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Homalopteroides tweediei (Herre 1940). Balitoridae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

ulmeri, Homaloptera Fowler [H. W.] 1940:377, Figs. 3-4 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 91 (for 1939); ref. 1433] Goempang River at Meloewak, Atjeh Province, Sumatra, Indonesia, elevation 1640 feet. Holotype: ANSP 68700. Paratypes: ANSP 68701-06 (6), 68708 (1, c&s), 68707 and 68709-68710 (missing); ZSI [ex ANSP 68711-68712] (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:114 [ref. 13621]. Kottelat 1993:54 gave precedence to H. valderbilti. •Synonym of Homalopterula vanderbilti (Fowler 1940) -- (Kottelat 2012:52 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:189 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Homalopterula vanderbilti (Fowler 1940). Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

valenciennesi, Homaloptera Bleeker [P.] 1860:95 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 7 (art. 2); ref. 380] Bogor, Java, Indonesia. Holotype: MNHN 0000-3122. Based on literature and 1 specimen; regarded by Roberts 1993:25 [ref. 21799] as a replacement name for Balitora ocellata Valenciennes 1846. •Synonym of Homaloptera wassinkii Bleeker 1853 -- (Roberts 1993:25 [ref. 21799]). •Synonym of Holamlopteroides wassinkiii (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2012:51 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Synonym of Homalopteroides wassinkii (Bleeker 1853). Balitoridae. Habitat: freshwater.

vanderbilti, Homaloptera Fowler [H. W.] 1940:375, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 91 (for 1939); ref. 1433] Blangnanga, in Tripa River at base camp, Atjeh Province, Sumatra, Indonesia, elevation 3600 feet. Holotype: ANSP 68688. Paratypes: ANSP 68689-96 (8), 68697 (1, c&s); ZSI [ex ANSP 68698-99] (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:114 [ref. 13621]. Described in the subgenus Homalopteroides Fowler 1939. •Valid as Homaloptera vanderbilti Fowler 1940 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:54 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:19 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:271 [ref. 23656], Ott 2009:83 [ref. 31048]). •Valid as Homalopterula vanderbilti (Fowler 1940) -- (Kottelat 2012:52 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:189 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2015:71 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homalopterula vanderbilti (Fowler 1940). Balitoridae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

vanlani, Balitora Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:597, Fig. 31 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Gâm River, Na Hang, Tuyên Quang Province, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): NCNTTS I, Bac Ninh (lost). Genus as Sinohomaloptera in caption to Fig. 31; Balitoria as used in the main heading regarded [by W.N.E.] as the correct original genus. Types at RIA 1 [= NCNTTSI] are lost according to Endruweit 2014:144 [ref. 33205]. •Valid as Balitora vanlani Nguyen 2005 -- (Liu et al. 2012:[2] [ref. 31548], Bhoite et al. 2012:3039 [ref. 32191]). •Questionably a synonym of Balatora kwangsiensis (Fang 1930) -- (Kottelat 2012:45 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:186 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Balitora vanlani Nguyen 2005. Balitoridae. Distribution: Gâm River, Na Hang, Tuyên Quang Province, Vietnam (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

vanlongi, Balitora Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:596, Fig. 30 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Gâm River, Na Hang, Tuyên Quang Province, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): NCNTTS I, Bac Ninh (lost). Genus as Sinohomaloptera in caption to Fig. 30; Balitoria as used in the main heading regarded [by W.N.E.] as the correct original genus. Types at RIA 1 [= NCNTTSI] are lost according to Endruweit 2014:144 [ref. 33205]. •Valid as Balitora vanlongi Nguyen 2005 -- (Liu et al. 2012:[2] [ref. 31548], Bhoite et al. 2012:3039 [ref. 32191]). •Questionably a synonym of Balitoria lancangjiangensis (Zhenf 1980) -- (Kottelat 2012:45 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:186 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Balitora vanlongi Nguyen 2005. Balitoridae. Distribution: Gâm River, Na Hang, Tuyên Quang Province, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

vulgaris, Homaloptera Kottelat [M.] & Chu [X.-L.] 1988:103, Fig. 1 [Cybium v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 12840] Mong Han County, Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province, China, 21°50'N, 101°00'E. Holotype: KIZ 788229. Paratypes: KIZ 788225-28 (4), 839258 (1), 839260 (1). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:353 [ref. 32939]. Not treated in Randal & Ross 2015. •Valid as Homaloptera vulgaris Kottelat & Chu 1988 -- (Kottelat 1998:270 [ref. 23656]). •Valid as Balitoropsis vulgaris (Kottelat & Chu 1988) -- (Zhu 1995:137 [ref. 25213], Kottelat 2012:47 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:186 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:165 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Balitoropsis vulgaris (Kottelat & Chu 1988). Balitoridae. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

wassinkii, Homaloptera Bleeker [P.] 1853:163 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16903] Tjampea, Bogor, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 4987. Paralectotypes: (2) RMNH 1934 (2). Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.52 (1). Lectotype selected by Alfred 1961:36 [ref. 20552]. •Valid as Homaloptera wassinkii Bleeker 1853 -- (Roberts 1993:25 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:54 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:236 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:19 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:271 [ref. 23656], Parenti & Lim 2005:188 [ref. 28285], Ott 2009:83 [ref. 31048] -- some were missidentified). •Synonym of Homalopteroides wassinkii (Bleeker 1853) -- (Randall & Page 2012:329 [ref. 32354], Kottelat 2012:51 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:189 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2014:166 [ref. 33335], Randall & Page 2015:69 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homalopteroides wassinkii (Bleeker 1853). Balitoridae. Distribution: Indonesia and Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

weberi, Homaloptera Hora [S. L.] 1932:284, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 2208] Akar River, Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Syntypes: BMNH 1895.7.2.81 (orig. 8, now 7 or 1), ZMA 100990 (1), ZSI F11292 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:118-119 [ref. 20743], Nijssen et al. 1982:29 [ref. 19236]. See Das 2003:363 [ref. 27706] with date as 1933. •Valid as Homaloptera weberi Hora 1932 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:54 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:236 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:19 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:271 [ref. 23656]). •Questionably a synonym of Balitoropsis stephensoni (Hora 1921) -- (Kottelat 2012:46 [ref. 32367]). •Questionable a synonym of Homaloteroides stephensoni (Hora 2013) -- (Kottelat 2013:188 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Homalopteroides weberi (Hora 1932) -- (Randall & Page 2012:335 [ref. 32354], Randall & Page 2014:166 [ref. 33335], Randall & Page 2015:69 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homalopteroides weberi (Hora 1932). Balitoridae. Distribution: Malaysia and Brunei. Habitat: freshwater.

wui, Sinogastromyzon Fang [P.-W.] 1930:36, Pl. 2 (figs. 8-9 [not 3-4]) [Sinensia v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 1296] San-fang, Lo-ching-shien, Kwangsi, China, elevation 1800 feet. Holotype: MMNHN 515. Paratypes: MMNHN 1542-1543. •Valid as Sinogastromyzon wui Fang 1930 -- (Zheng 1981:57 [ref. 22557], Chen in Kuang et al. 1986:154 [ref. 26639], Kottelat & Chu 1988:197 [ref. 13491], Zheng et al. 1989:269 [ref. 21202], Zheng in Pan et al. 1991:259 [ref. 23876], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:561 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2012:56 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:168 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sinogastromyzon wui Fang 1930. Balitoridae. Distribution: Zhujiang River, China. Habitat: freshwater.

yaotanensis, Sinohomaloptera Fang [P.-W.] 1931:137, Figs. 1-4 [Sinensia v. 1 (no. 9); ref. 16272] Yao-tan, Wa-chang, Luchow, Szechuan, China. Holotype: MMNHN 1888. Paratypes: MMNHN 1889-1991 and 2233-2248 (39). •Valid as Hemimyzon yaotanensis (Fang 1931) -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:194 [ref. 13491], Li in Ding 1994:432 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:138 [ref. 25213], Doi & Kottelat 1998:7 [ref. 23304], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:539 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445], Chen & Fang 2009:[5] [ref. 30109], Kunlapapuk et al. 2012:119 [ref. 32192], Kottelat 2012:48-49 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:166 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Hemimyzon yaotanensis (Fang 1931). Balitoridae. Distribution: Upper reach of Changjiang River, China. Habitat: freshwater.

yingjiangensis, Hemimyzon Chen [Y.-R.] in Yang & Du 2006:267 [Integrated Scientific Studies of Yunnan Tongbiguan Nature Reserve; ref. 32946] Holotype (unique): KIZ 954111. Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:354 [ref. 32939]. Need to see original. •Valid as Hemimyzon yingjiangensis Chen 2006. Current status: Uncertain as Hemimyzon yingjiangensis Chen 2006. Balitoridae. Distribution: Yunnan province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

yunnanensis, Balitoropsis Chen [Y.-Y.] 1978:334, Figs. 1-2 [Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 6900] Lanchan River, Yongping Xian, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype (unique): IHASW 60-VII-012. •Valid as Homaloptera yunnanensis (Chen 1978) -- (Kottelat & Chu 1988:105 [ref. 12840], Kottelat 1998:64 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 1998:270 [ref. 23656], Kottelat 2001:97 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Balitoropsis yunnanensis Chen 1978 -- (Zhu 1995:137 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:264 [ref. 23556], Chen & Tang in Yue 2000:521 [ref. 25272], Tang & Chen 2000:8 [ref. 25445], as yunnunensis, Kottelat 2012:47 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:186 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:44 [ref. 33971], Zhang et al. 2016:165 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Pseudohomaloptera yunnanensis (Chen 1878) -- (Randall & Page 2015:79 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Pseudohomaloptera yunnanensis (Chen 1978). Balitoridae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

yuwonoi, Homaloptera Kottelat [M.] 1998:267, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 23656] Sungai Hulu Leboyan at Keluwin, vicinity of Danau Sentarum Wildlife Reserve, Kalimantan Barat, Borneo, Indonesia, 1°08'51"N, 112°15'32"E. Holotype: MZB 5938. Paratypes: CMK 11704 (1). •Valid as Homaloptera yuwonoi Kottelat 1998 -- (Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:156 [ref. 28284], Ott 2009:84 [ref. 31048]). •Valid as Balitoropsis yuwonoi (Kottalat 1988) -- (Kottelat 2012:47 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:186 [ref. 32989] [listed in 2 places]). •Valid as Homalopteroides yuwonoi (Kottelat 1998) -- (Randall & Page 2012:335 [ref. 32354], Kottelat 2013:189 [ref. 32989], Randall & Page 2014:166 [ref. 33335], Randall & Page 2015:69 [ref. 33701]). Current status: Valid as Homalopteroides yuwonoi (Kottelat 1998). Balitoridae. Distribution: Kapuas basin, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

zollingeri, Homaloptera Bleeker [P.] 1853:159 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16903] Jakarta, Bandong, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3, not found). Subsequent Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.53 (1) Sumatra, RMNH 5075 (3) Sumatra. Type catalog: Alfred 1961:36 [ref. 20552] who cites Bleeker 1860:89. •Valid as Homaloptera zollingeri Bleeker 1853 -- (Roberts 1989:91 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:54 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:126 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:19 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Chu 1988:104 [ref. 12840], Kottelat 1998:270 [ref. 23656], Kottelat 2001:97 [ref. 25780], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:156 [ref. 28284], Ott 2009:83 [ref. 31048]). •Valid as Balitoropsis zollingeri (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2012:47 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:186 [ref. 32989], Randall & Riggs 2015:212 [ref. 33821], Ng et al. 2019:520 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Balitoropsis zollingeri (Bleeker 1853). Balitoridae. Distribution: Indonesia, Malaya (Malaysia). Habitat: freshwater.