Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 August 2019

SEARCH RESULTS FROM

Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
Select the database to search:
GENERA   SPECIES   REFERENCES
Include unavailable names

         Comments: ,

    Please look in Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes for authorships of sections, Families of Fishes (all), and related information.

Species in the family or subfamily Blenniidae: [ 883 ] records


abditus, Meiacanthus (Meiacanthus) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1987:15, Figs. 7b, 8b [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 139; ref. 6404] Tutu Bay, Jolo Island, Sulu Archipelago, Albatross station D5561, 5°50'45"N, 120°01'15"E. Holotype: USNM 276511. Paratypes: USNM 99370 (1), 122384 (28). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:3 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Meiacanthus abditus Smith-Vaniz 1987 -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:33 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011:51 [ref. 31543] and also cf albitus, Allen & Erdmann 2012:788 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus abditus Smith-Vaniz 1987. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Malaysia, Indonesia and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

abruptus, Meiacanthus Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Allen [G. R.] 2011:41, Figs. 2-5 [Zootaxa No. 3046; ref. 31543] Slawi Bay, 8°36.746'S, 119°29.338'E, Komodo Island, Indonesia, depth 1.5 meters. Holotype: MZB 20022. Paratypes: WAM P.30964.003 (1). Plus potographed specimens near the type locality and off Bali (not collected). •Valid as Meiacanthus abruptus Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:788 [ref. 31980], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2019:48 [ref. 36813]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus abruptus Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

acsendens, Blennius Poey [F.] 2000:592, Pl. 325 (fig. 3) [Ictiologia Cubana. Posthumous transcription of original unpublished manuscript (1884) by M. Sánchez Roig and F. Gómez de la Maza v. 1-3; ref. 26366] Not available; not explicitly proposed as new [see Art. 16.1 of the Code]. Posthumous publication. Figured specimen listed as type. Blenniidae.

actesoma, Spinoblennius Fowler [H. W.] 1944:232, 251, 401, Fig. 248 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Playa Muerto and Santelmo Bay, Panama; Maria Madre Island, Mexico. Syntypes: (153) ANSP 70086 (1) Playa Muerto, 70087 (1) Playa Muerto, 70088-107 (19) Santelmo Bay, 70108 (1) Mexico. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:27 [ref. 13621] as holotype (ANSP 70086) and paratypes. Fowler did not mention types for this species; therefore they are treated here as syntypes. •Synonym of Hypsoblennius brevipinnis (Günther 1861) -- (Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsoblennius brevipinnis (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

adenensis, Antennablennius Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1951:219 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 4 (no. 39) (art. 21); ref. 12889] Tide pool at Aden, Yemen, Gulf of Aden, northwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: BMNH 1954.4.26.1. Paratypes: (16) BMNH 1954.4.26.2-16 (8 of 15), 1954.4.26.17-26 (8 of 10). •Valid as Antennablennius adenensis Fraser-Brunner 1951 -- (Bath 1983:50 [ref. 5393], Randall et al. 1994:236 [ref. 21645], Goren & Dor 1994:58 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:312 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:208 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:195 [ref. 36242], Golani & Fricke 2018:137 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Antennablennius adenensis Fraser-Brunner 1951. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden and Persian Gulf east to Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

adriaticus, Blennius Steindachner [F.] & Kolombatović [G.] 1883:213 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 20 (no. 25) (for 22 Nov. 1883); ref. 14351] Castella Canal at Vranjica near Split [Spalato], Croatia, Adriatic Sea, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: (several) NMW 5049 (8), 59821 (9), 71447 (2), 71450 (9), 77626 (14). Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner & Kolombatovic 1884:1194 [p. 2 of separate] Pl. 1 (figs. 2-2a) [ref. 18745]. •Valid as Blennius adriaticus Steindachner & Kolombatović 1883 -- (Bath 1973:520 [ref. 7212]). •Valid as Lipophrys adriaticus (Steindachner & Kolombatović 1883) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1101 [ref. 13677], Wirtz & Bath 1989:26 [ref. 9298], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:122 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S22 [ref. 28536], Fricke et al. 2007:97 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:129 [ref. 30517], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:58 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:468 [ref. 33547]). •Valid as Microlipophrys adriaticus (Steindachner & Kolombatović 1883) -- (Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Levy et al. 2011:410 [ref. 31177], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Microlipophrys adriaticus (Steindachner & Kolombatović 1883). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea. Habitat: marine.

aequalis, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:115, Pl. 14 (figs. 3-4); Fig. 62 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Escape Reef North, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.22586-076. Paratypes: AMNH 55722-23 (4, 1); AMS I.18740-017 (10); I.19472-016 (1), I.19473-065 (1), I.19546-024 (5), I.22586-014 (8), I.22633-017 (18), I.25113 (13); BPBM 31040 (6); ROM 40449-51 (3, 5, 3); USNM 217567 (2), 278048 (3). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:3 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius aequalis Springer 1988 -- (Randall et al. 1990:379 [ref. 15987], Springer 1991:102 [ref. 18995], Randall et al. 1997:379 [ref. 25919], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Hoese & Bray 2006:1546 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:809 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius aequalis Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Coral Sea, Great Barrier Reef and Papua New Guinea, Habitat: marine.

aequipinnis, Blennius Günther [A.] 1861:225 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Western Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1851.8.26.10. Western Atlantic identifications of this species apparently are in error. •Valid as Hypleurochilus aequipinnis (Günther 1861) -- (Randall 1966:61 [ref. 9054], Greenfield & Johnson 1981:69 [ref. 5580], Robins & Ray 1986:230 [ref. 23100], Bath 1990:906 [ref. 19373], Bath 1994:75 [ref. 21627], Cervigón 1994:120 [ref. 24488], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Afonso et al. 1999:78 [ref. 25466], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:166 [ref. 27754], Wirtz et al. 2007:16 [ref. 30263], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Pinheiro et al. 2013:95 [ref. 32885], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Hypleurochilus aequipinnis (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Cameroon. Habitat: marine.

aequipinnis, Salarias Günther [A.] 1861:253 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1858.4.21.424 (2). •In genus Andamia -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:53 [ref. 4145]). •Valid as Andamia aequipinnis (Günther 1861) -- (Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290]). Current status: Valid as Andamia aequipinnis (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

afilinuchalis, Istiblennius Schultz [L. P.] & Chapman [W. M.] in Schultz et al. 1960:356, Fig. 123 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 2; ref. 3972] Hull Island, Phoenix Is, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 115421. Paratypes: USNM 111886 (28), 115419 (34, now 33), 115420 (53), 115422 (90, now 88), 144718 [ex USNM 115422] (2). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:3 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Istiblennius gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:25 [ref. 4145]). •Synonym of Blenniella gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:68 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

alauda, Blennius Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:xix [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Not available, name only; from Malta. •Probably in the synonymy of Salaria pavo (Risso 1810) -- (Fricke 2008:52 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria pavo (Risso 1810). Blenniidae: Salariinae.

alauda, Blennius Nardo [G. D.] 1827:212 [Giornale di fisica, chimica e storia naturale, medicina, ed arti. (series 2) Dec. II, v. 10; ref. 26236] Description also appeared in Bull. Sci. Nat. (Ferussac), v. 15 [1828]. •Valid as Salaria pavo (Risso 1810) -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Salaria pavo (Risso 1810). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

albicaudatus, Ecsenius Lotan [R.] 1970:372, Fig. 5 [Israel Journal of Zoology v. 18 (no. 4) (for 1969); ref. 7827] Marsa Murach, Egypt, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Holotype: HUJ 8309 [ex HUJ 3540]. Paratypes: HUJ 8310 [ex HUJ 3543] (1). Type catalog: Golani 2006:32 [ref. 28840]. •Synonym of Ecsenius frontalis (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1971:15 [ref. 7707] with question, Dor 1984:229 [ref. 29757], Springer 1988:41 [ref. 6804], Golani & Fricke 2018:139 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Ecsenius frontalis (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

alboapicalis, Salarias Ogilby [J. D.] 1899:742 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 23 (pt 4); ref. 3277] Lord Howe Island, 31°33'S, 159°05'E. Lectotype: AMS I.1863. Paralectotypes: AMS I.1860 (1), I.1861 (9), I.1862 (1). Lectotype selected by Williams 1988:22 [ref. 7000]. •Valid as Cirripectes alboapicalis (Ogilby 1899) -- (Williams 1988:20 [ref. 7000], Pequeño 1989:66 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:222 [ref. 24556], Randall et al. 1990:376 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Randall et al. 1997:376 [ref. 25919], Randall 1999:25 [ref. 25829], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:484 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:346 [ref. 28867], Hoese & Bray 2006:1544 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:117 [ref. 36167], Stewart et al. 2015:1531 [ref. 34301], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2018:131 [ref. 36397]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes alboapicalis (Ogilby 1899). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: South Pacific: Queensland (Australia), Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island and Kermadec Islands east to Easter Island. May be a complex of cryptic species, in that case restricted to the western populations [ref. 36397]. Habitat: marine.

alboguttatus, Salarias Day [F.] 1876:334 [The fishes of India Part 2; ref. 1081] Andaman Islands. Syntypes: AMS B.7497 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2000:294 [ref. 25110]. Not treated by Whitehead & Talwar 1976 [ref. 23762]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salarias alboguttatus Kner 1867, replaced by Salarias dayi Whitley 1929. •Objective synonym of Praealticus dayi (Whitley 1929) -- (Bath 1992:240 [ref. 20223]). Current status: Synonym of Praealticus dayi (Whitley 1929). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

alboguttatus, Salarias Kner [R.] 1867:724 [16], Pl. 4 (fig. 4) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 56; ref. 2645] Samoa Islands. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Original number of holotype: MGH 3734 (part, together with holotype of Salarias semilineatus). •Valid as Salarias alboguttatus Kner 1867 -- (Bath & Randall 1991:253 [ref. 15518], Bath 1992:43 [ref. 18972], Bath 1992:234 [ref. 20222], Myers 1999:228 [ref. 23965], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Randall 2005:503 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1563 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:833 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:152 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Salarias alboguttatus Kner 1867. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines, Palau, Papua New Guinea, eastern Australia, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Fiji and Samoa. Habitat: marine.

albolinea, Runula Nichols [J. T.] 1924:64, Fig. 11 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 15460] Indefatigable [Santa Cruz] Island, Galápagos Islands. Holotype: AMNH 8271 [ex NYZS]. Paratypes: AMNH 8303 (3). Type catalog: Mead 1958:134 [ref. 20648]. •Synonym of Plagiotremus azaleus (Jordan & Bollman 1890) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:145 [ref. 4144], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807]). Current status: Synonym of Plagiotremus azaleus (Jordan & Bollman 1890). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

aldabrensis, Salarias Regan [C. T.] 1912:302 [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 15 (pt 2, no. 18); ref. 3643] Dunes de Maistre, Aldabra Island, Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1912.5.3.20-22 (3). The original spelling was aldabrensis, and in the absence of other information, that should be the correct original spelling. •In genus Alticus -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:53 [ref. 4145]). •Valid as Alticus aldabraensis (Regan 1912) -- (Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Alticus aldabrensis (Regan 1912). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

alexanderi, Graviceps Whitley [G. P.] 1945:33 [Australian Zoologist v. 11 (pt 1); ref. 4707] Fremantle, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.671-001. Paratypes: WAM P.398-001 (1), P.671-002 (1). Plus non-type material: WAM P.395-001 (3), P.396-001 (5). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:36 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:40 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Omobranchus alexanderi (Whitley 1945) -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus germaini (Sauvage 1883) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:41 [ref. 6083], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:347 [ref. 28867], Hoese & Bray 2006:1557 [ref. 29000], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus germaini (Sauvage 1883). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

alleni, Cirripectes Williams [J. T.] 1993:61, Figs. 1-3 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 20 (no. 2); ref. 21007] Edge of dropoff on west side of Cassini Island, Kimberley Region, Western Australia, 13°56'S, 125°37'E, depth 3-15 meters. Holotype: WAM P.30309. Paratypes: WAM P.29081-014 (32), P.30307-009 (10), P.30309-014 (6), P.30311-032 (5); USNM 323520 (3). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:39 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Cirripectes alleni Williams 1993 -- (Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Hoese & Bray 2006:1544 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes alleni Williams 1993. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

alleni, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:81, Pl. 12 (fig. 2); Fig. 42 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Central lagoon at Mermaid Reef, Western Australia, depth 15-18 meters. Holotype: WAM P.27666-017. Paratypes: ASM I.21318-014 (1); NTMS.11371-047 (7); USNM 279474 (2), S.11376-033 (3), S.11387-017 (1), S.11389-031 (3); WAM P.27656-021 (1), P.27658-013 (1), P.27659-009 [not P.27660-009] (4), P.27662-026 (2), P.27663-010 (1), P.27665-001 (4), P.27668-014 (1), P.28022-048 (19). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:36 [ref. 19335], Springer et al. 1991:3 [ref. 18888], Moore et al. 2008:40 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Ecsenius alleni Springer 1988 -- (Springer 1991:104 [ref. 18995], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Springer & Randall 1999:44 [ref. 24274], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1547 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius alleni Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

alpestris, Blennius Blanchard [C. E.] 1866:261, Fig. 49 [Les poissons des eaux douces de la France; ref. 310] Small river flowing into Lake Bourget, Savoy, France. Syntypes: MNHN A-2368-69 (5, 5). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:8 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801) -- (Bath 1986:357 [ref. 6217], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Kottelat 1997:175 [ref. 22952], Bath 2003:97 [ref. 27343], Kottelat 2004:121 [ref. 27669]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

alticus, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:337 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Sri Lanka. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-0855. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-1793 (2) Red Sea, A-1794 (1) Bay of Ganges, A-1795 (1) New Ireland, A-1797 (1) Java; RMNH 17273 (1) Java. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:24-25 [ref. 20734]. Composite species, based in part (Red Sea) on Alticus magnusi Klausewitz 1964. Lectotype selected by Williams (not researched, possibly unpublished). •Synonym of Alticus saliens (Lacepède 1800) -- (Dor 1984:227 [ref. 29757]). Current status: Synonym of Alticus saliens (Lacepède 1800). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

altivelis, Petroscirtes Steindachner [F.] 1863:1191, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 13; ref. 18752] Mumbai, India [in error, probably Australia]. Syntypes: NMW 71774 (3). •Synonym of Omobranchus anolius (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:20 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:147 [ref. 4144], Hoese & Bray 2006:1556 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus anolius (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

amblyrhynchos, Petroskirtes Bleeker [P.] 1857:64 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4464. Original genus should have been Petroscirtes. Spelled Petroscirtes amblyrhynchus by Günther 1861:230 [ref. 1964]. •Synonym of Plagiotremus rhinorhynchos (Bleeker 1852) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:133 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Plagiotremus rhinorhynchos (Bleeker 1852). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

amboinensis, Petroskirtes Bleeker [P.] 1853:114 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16900] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2). Original genus should have been Petroscirtes. •Synonym of Petroscirtes variabilis Cantor 1849 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:44 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes variabilis Cantor 1849. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

amboinensis, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1857:67 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Moluccas Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4781. Kottelat (2013) lists inland record. •Valid as Paralticus amboinensis (Bleeker 1857) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:164 [ref. 21878], Allen 1997:210, 212 [ref. 23977], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:830 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Paralticus amboinensis (Bleeker 1857). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: West Pacific: Malaysia and Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

amphibius, Blennius Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:187 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Tanna Island, South Pacific [Vanuatu]. No types known. Based on the jumping blenny ("Blennius saliens") of Forster 1777:v. 2, 343 [ref. 1353]. Original author is not Donndorff 1798: 314 [ref. 17407]. •Valid as Andamia amphibius (Walbaum 1792) -- (Randall & Wheeler 1991:761 [ref. 15994], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:346 [ref. 28867], Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Andamia amphibius (Walbaum 1792). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Vanuatu to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

analis, Enchelyurus Smith [H. M.] 1934:318, Pl. 13 [Journal of the Siam Society, Natural History Supplement v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 4052] Koh Tao, Gulf of Thailand. Holotype (unique): KUMF 0175. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:7 [ref. 23217]. •Synonym of Enchelyurus kraussii (Klunzinger 1871) -- (Springer 1972:6 [ref. 4178] as kraussi). Current status: Synonym of Enchelyurus kraussii (Klunzinger 1871). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

ancylodon, Petroskirtes Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:1, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): SMF 1818. Original genus should have been Petroscirtes. •Valid as Petroscirtes ancylodon Rüppell 1835 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:50 [ref. 4144], Dor 1984:223 [ref. 29757], Smith-Vaniz 1987:3 [ref. 6404], Goren & Galil 1990 [ref. 16647], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:322 [ref. 22896], Bath & Miroz 1997:2 [ref. 23456], Carpenter et al. 1997:210 [ref. 23922], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:126 [ref. 26753], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2007:99 [ref. 29533], Hastings & Springer 2009:72 [ref. 30395], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Zenetos et al. 2010:413 [ref. 31201], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[21] 259 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:141 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Petroscirtes ancylodon Rüppell 1835. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

andamensis, Salarias Day [F.] 1870:611 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 2) (for 9 Dec. 1869); ref. 18820] Mundakhari Bay, Andaman Islands. Neotype: USNM 112032. Syntypes: (3 + 1) ZSI A.285 (1, lost), A.287 (1, lost). Non-types: BMNH 1889.2.1.3606 (1). Possible syntypes AMS B.8062 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:294 [ref. 25110]. Spelled andamanensis by Day 1876. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. Neotype designated by Springer & Williams 1994:30 [ref. 21878]. •Valid as Istiblennius andamanensis [sic] (Day 1870) -- (Dor 1984:230 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356]). •Valid as Istiblennius andamensis (Day 1870) -- (Springer 1986:747 [ref. 5719]). •Synonym of Blenniella cyanostigma (Bleeker 1849) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:23 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella cyanostigma (Bleeker 1849). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

andersoni, Salarias Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1906:703, Fig. 11 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 30 (no. 1462); ref. 10666] Tanegashima, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 9362 [not USNM 53273]. Paratypes: (4) CAS-SU 9781 (1), 16450 (1); USNM 53273 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:93-94 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:3 [ref. 18888]. Type information: Springer & Eschmeyer 1974:567 [ref. 21415]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salarias andersonii Day 1876, replaced by Salarias luctuosus Whitley 1929. •Synonym of Salarias luctuosus Whitley 1929 -- (Bath & Randall 1991:253 [ref. 15518]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias luctuosus Whitley 1929. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

andersonii, Salarias Day [F.] 1876:331 [The fishes of India Part 2; ref. 1081] Galle, Sri Lanka. Syntypes: ZSI A.274 (1 or 2). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. •Valid or synonym of Alticus (Personal Comm. V. Springer, 27 Mar. 2015). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Sri Lanka. Habitat: marine.

aneitensis, Salarias Günther [A.] 1877:205, Pl. 118 (fig. A) [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 4 (no. 13); ref. 14243] Aneiteum, Island, Vanuatu. Syntypes: BMNH 1860.7.18.20 (1 left half skin), 1860.7.18.56 (1, right half skin). •Synonym of Entomacrodus decussatus (Bleeker 1858) -- (Springer 1967:37 [ref. 18947]). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus decussatus (Bleeker 1858). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

anema, Petroskirtes Bleeker [P.] 1852:273 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 16825] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 26468 [ex RMNH 4774]. Original genus should have been Petroscirtes. •Valid as Meiacanthus anema (Bleeker 1852) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:83 [ref. 4144], Smith-Vaniz 1987:5 [ref. 6404], Allen 1991:148 [ref. 21090], Kottelat et al. 1993:129 [ref. 23448], Myers 1999:218 [ref. 23965], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:32 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011:56 [ref. 31543], Allen & Erdmann 2012:789 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:151 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:91 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus anema (Bleeker 1852). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific and central Pacific: Indonesia east to Solomon Islands, north to Philippines, south to New Caledonia and Vanuatu. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

angelus, Graviceps Whitley [G. P.] 1959:320 [Australian Zoologist v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 4729] Heron Island, Capricorn Group, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IB.3995. •Valid as Omobranchus angelus (Whitley 1959) -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1558 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

anjouanae, Andamia Fourmanoir [P.] 1955:207, Fig. 4 [Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar. Série A, Biologie Animale v. 9; ref. 12271] Domoni, Anjouan Island, Comoro Islands, southwestern Indian Ocean. Lectotype: Whereabouts unknown. Lectotype selected by Fricke 1999:473 [ref. 24106] as the specimen illustrated in Fig. 4 of the original description. •In genus Alticus -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:53 [ref. 4145]). •Valid as Damania anjouanae (Fourmanoir 1955) -- (Fricke 1999:476 [ref. 24106], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Fricke et al. 2009:95 [ref. 30213]). •Synonym of Alticus monochrus Bleeker 1869 -- (J. T. Williams, pers. comm. 3/23/09). •Valid as Alticus anjouanae (Fourmanoir 1955) -- (Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396]). •Valid as Andamia anjouanae Fourmanoir 1955 -- (Fricke et al. 2018:306 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Andamia anjouanae Fourmanoir 1955. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Réunion (western Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

annamensis, Petroscirtes forme Chabanaud [P.] 1924:363 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 30 (no. 5); ref. 15441] Gulf of Annam, coast of Vietnam. Holotype: MNHN 1924-0161. Paratypes: MNHN 1989-0791 (1). Described as "forme" in title and text and as "species vel varietas nova" in heading on p. 363; regarded as available as subspecific. •Synonym of Petroscirtes breviceps (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:38 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes breviceps (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

anolis, Petroscirtes Günther [A.] 1861:238 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1832. Unjustified emendation of Blennechis anolius Valenciennes 1836. •Synonym of Omobranchus anolius (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 4178], Smith-Vaniz 1976:148 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus anolius (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

anolius, Blennechis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:288 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1832. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:6 [ref. 20734]. Unjustifiably emended to anolis by Günther 1861:238 [ref. 1964]. •Valid as Omobranchus anolius (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:20 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:148 [ref. 4144], Randall et al. 1990:375 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:336 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:729 [ref. 22532], Randall et al. 1997:375 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:746 [ref. 25471], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Francis et al. 2004:671 [ref. 27965], Hoese & Bray 2006:1556 [ref. 29000], Smith-Vaniz 2008:694 [ref. 30654], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Stewart et al. 2015:1536 [ref. 34301]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus anolius (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Australia and New Zealand. Habitat: brackish, marine.

anomalus, Salarias Regan [C. T.] 1905:327, Pl. 2(B) (fig. 4) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 16; ref. 15386] Mekran Coast and Persian Gulf. Lectotype: BMNH 1900.5.9.47. Paralectotypes: (several) BMNH 1899.5.8.94-95 (2) Jask, 1900.5.9.48-56 (15) Persian Gulf. Lectotype selected by Attaran-Farimani et al. 2016:174 [ref. 34175]. •Synonym of Ecsenius pulcher (Murray 1887) -- (Springer 1971:20 [ref. 7707], Springer 1988:31 [ref. 6804], Attaran-Farimani et al. 2016:171 [ref. 34175]). Current status: Synonym of Ecsenius pulcher (Murray 1887). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

antholops, Blennius Springer [V. G.] & Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1970:217, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 83 (no. 20); ref. 7784] Gulf of Guinea off Nigeria, 5°19'N, 4°45' to 4°48'E, Pillsbury station P-236, depth 101-128 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 204644. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:3 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Bathyblennius antholops (Springer & Smith-Vaniz 1970) -- (Bath 1990:905 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Bath & Miroz 1997:3 [ref. 23456], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Bathyblennius antholops (Springer & Smith-Vaniz 1970). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

anticolus, Blennius Bonaparte [C. L.] 1840:fasc. 28, punt. 145, Pl. 106 (fig. 4) [Iconografia della fauna italica; ref. 514] Lake Nemi and volcanic lakes surrounding Rome, Italy. Syntypes: ?NMW 71651 (1), USNM 2293 (3). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:3 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801) -- (Bath 1986:357 [ref. 6217], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Kottelat 1997:175 [ref. 22952], Bath 2003:97 [ref. 27343], Kottelat 2004:132 [ref. 27669]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

anuchalis, Antennablennius Springer [V. G.] & Spreitzer [A. E.] 1978:8, Fig. 4 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 268; ref. 4181] 1 mile east of Beauchamp near Jacotet Bay, 0.3 miles east of Ste. Marie Bridge, Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth to 1.5 meters. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 2136. •Valid as Alloblennius anuchalis (Springer & Spreitzer 1978) -- (Springer et al. 1998:20 [ref. 23434], Fricke 1999:470 [ref. 24106], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2012:60 [ref. 31806]). Current status: Valid as Alloblennius anuchalis (Springer & Spreitzer 1978). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: southern Oman; Mauritius (Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

arboreus, Blennius Bath [H.] 1966:211, Figs. 1-5 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 47 (no. 3); ref. 8007] Off harbor of Port of Algeria, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: SMF 8281. Paratypes: SMF 8282 (1), Bath coll. (1). •Synonym of Blennius cristatus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Bath 1973:521 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Scartella cristata (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bath 1990:912 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Scartella cristata (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

arcuatus, Blennius Poey [F.] 2000:591, Pl. 324 (fig. 5) [Ictiologia Cubana. Posthumous transcription of original unpublished manuscript (1884) by M. Sánchez Roig and F. Gómez de la Maza v. 1-3; ref. 26366] Not available; not explicitly proposed as new [see Art. 16.1 of the Code]. Posthumous publication. Figured specimen listed as type. Blenniidae.

arenatus, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1855:173 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 347] Cocos-Keeling Islands, Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4785 (61.5 mm TL of 3 spec.). •Questionably a synonym of Entomacrodus striatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1967:73 [ref. 18947]) Current status: Uncertain as Entomacrodus striatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

arnoldorum, Blennius Curtiss [A.] 1938:38 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Rocks in sea towards Ahui, Tautira township, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. •Valid as Alticus arnoldorum (Curtiss 1938) -- (Myers 1999:221 [ref. 23965], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:480 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Alticus arnoldorum (Curtiss 1938). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

aroni, Ecsenius (Ecsenius) Springer [V. G.] 1971:24, Fig. 19 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 72; ref. 7707] Bay at El Hamira, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, depth to 18 meters. Holotype: USNM 204468. Paratypes: BMNH 1971.6.11.1 (1); HUJ 5385 (1); USNM 204550 (2), 204556 (1, now 0, 1 to HUJ), 204557 (2, now 0, 2 to HUJ), 204558 (1), 204560 (21), 204561 (1, now 0, 1 to BMNH), 204562 (7), 204690 (12, 4 c&s). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:4 [ref. 18888], Golani 2006:32 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Ecsenius aroni Springer 1971 -- (Springer 1971:24 [ref. 7707], Dor 1984:228 [ref. 29757], Springer 1988:28 [ref. 6804], Goren & Dor 1994:59 [ref. 25356], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:138 [ref. 36273], Allen et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36633]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius aroni Springer 1971. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

artedii, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:231 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Madeira. Syntypes: MNHN A-1833 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:8 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Coryphoblennius galerita (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bath 1973:526 [ref. 7212], Bath 1990:906 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphoblennius galerita (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aspilus, Alticus Bleeker [P.] 1869:235 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 3; ref. 426] Samberano River, Madagascar. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4481 (larger of 2). •Synonym of Alticus monochrus Bleeker 1869 -- (Bath 1986:355 [ref. 6217]). Current status: Synonym of Alticus monochrus Bleeker 1869. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

asterias, Blennius Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1882:416 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 297); ref. 1840] Garden Key, Dry Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 2620 (2), 2625 (1), 6596 (3). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:4 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Blennius cristatus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Bath 1973:521 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Scartella cristata (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bath 1990:912 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Scartella cristata (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

ater, Blennius Sauvage [H.-E.] 1882:172 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 6; ref. 3894] Patagonia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-4268. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:9 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Bath 1990:909 [ref. 19373], Bath & Wirtz 1992:274 [ref. 19831], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

ater, Petroscirtes Günther [A.] 1877:199, Pl. 115 (fig. C) [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 4 (no. 13); ref. 14243] Tahiti, Society Islands. Syntypes: BMNH 1873.8.1.35 (1), BMNH uncat. (1). •Valid as Enchelyurus ater (Günther 1877) -- (Springer 1972:5 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:78 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:148 [ref. 4144], Randall et al. 1990:374 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Randall et al. 1997:374 [ref. 25919], Randall & Earle 2000:18 [ref. 25806], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:490 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1549 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Enchelyurus ater (Günther 1877). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Southwestern and south Pacific. Habitat: marine.

atkinsoni, Salarias Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:428, Fig. 106 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Pago Pago, American Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51791. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:4 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Entomacrodus decussatus (Bleeker 1858) -- (Springer 1967:37 [ref. 18947]). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus decussatus (Bleeker 1858). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

atlantica, Salaria Doadrio [I.], Perea [S.] & Yahyaoui [A.] 2012:167, Fig. 7, 8A, 9 [Graellsia v. 67 (no. 2) [for 2011]; ref. 31858] Ouerrha River, Sebou River basin, Khénichèt, Morocco. Holotype: MNCN 279641. Paratypes: MNCN 279642-279660 (19). •Valid as Salaria atlantica Doadrio, Perea & Yahyaoui 2012. Current status: Valid as Salaria atlantica Doadrio, Perea & Yahyaoui 2012. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Sebou River basin, Morocco. Habitat: freshwater.

atlanticus, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:321 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Madeira. Lectotype: MNHN A-2024. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-2027 (1), B-2510 [ex A-2024] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:25 [ref. 20734]. Lectotype selected by Springer 1962:432 [ref. 6500]. •Valid as Rupiscartes atlanticus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:250 [ref. 24555]). •Valid as Ophioblennius atlanticus (Valenciennes 1826), subspecies atlanticus -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:309 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:78 [ref. 25466], Thomson et al. 2000:201 [ref. 25640], Smith et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27621], Wirtz et al. 2007:38 [ref. 30263]). •Valid as Ophioblennius atlanticus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:229 [ref. 23100], Edwards & Glass 1987:657 [ref. 9166], Bath 1990:914 [ref. 19373], Cervigón 1994:129 [ref. 24488], Santos et al. 1997:100 [ref. 23531], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:535 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:106 [ref. 24952] as valid species and subspecies, Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221], Rocha & Rosa 2001:991 [ref. 25909], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:96 [ref. 27192], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:7 [ref. 31156], Wirtz et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32972], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Ophioblennius atlanticus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic from Senegal to Angola, Atlantic offshore islands. May be restricted to Madeira [Williams & Springer in ref. 34618]. Habitat: marine.

atratus, Salarias Macleay [W.] 1882:361 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 7 (pt 3); ref. 17585] Port Moresby Bay, Papua New Guinea. Syntypes: MAMU F1047 (2, whereabouts unknown). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. •Questionably a synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Kottelat 2013:382 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

atrimana, Scartella Clark [H. W.] 1936:393 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 21 (no. 29); ref. 839] Isabela Island [Albemarle Island], Galápagos Islands (at submerged light). Holotype: CAS 3988. Paratypes: CAS (1, 1, 22, 1, 6, 57, 2, 7, 10, 1, 1, 1) but only CAS 21220 (1) on type shelves. •Synonym of Hypsoblennius brevipinnis (Günther 1861) -- (Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsoblennius brevipinnis (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

atrimarginatus, Salarias Fowler [H. W.] 1946:182, Fig. 46 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 98; ref. 1456] Aguni Shima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): ANSP 72052. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:27 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

atrocinctus, Blennius Regan [C. T.] 1909:405, Pl. 66 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1909 (pt 2) (art. 3) (for 6 Apr. 1909); ref. 14412] Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1909.3.4.70. •Valid as Mimoblennius atrocinctus (Regan 1909) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:29 [ref. 4145], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:298 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:110 [ref. 21281], Shen et al. 1986:22 [ref. 13821], Allen & Swainston 1988:128 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:206 [ref. 23977], Fricke 1999:486 [ref. 24106], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1104 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1104 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Bray 2006:1555 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:828 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Mimoblennius atrocinctus (Regan 1909). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Sri Lanka and Christmas Island to Indonesia, Brunei and Western Australia, north to Japan and South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

atrodorsalis, Petroscirtes Günther [A.] 1877:198, Pl. 115 (fig. B) [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 4 (no. 13); ref. 14243] Samoa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1876.5.1.37. •Valid as Meiacanthus atrodorsalis (Günther 1877) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:100 [ref. 4144], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:296 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:89 [ref. 21281], Smith-Vaniz 1987:32 [ref. 6404], Randall et al. 1990:368 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:340 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:330 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:368 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:218 [ref. 23965], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1116 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:394 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:33 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1116 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:496 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1553 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:194 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:789 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:151 [ref. 33932], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2019:48 [ref. 36813]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus atrodorsalis (Günther 1877). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia east to Caroline Islands and Samoa, north Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

auratus, Petroscirtes Seale [A.] 1936:85 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 23 (no. 6); ref. 12410] Suva, Fiji Islands. Holotype: CAS 5527. Paratypes: CAS 5528 (1). •Synonym of Meiacanthus atrodorsalis (Günther 1877), subspecies oualanensis (Günther 1880) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:103 [ref. 4144] as ovalauensis). •Synonym of Meiacanthus oualaensis (Günther 1880) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1987:42 [ref. 6404] as ovalauensis, Randall 2005:497 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Meiacanthus oualanensis (Günther 1880). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

aureopuncticeps, Salarias Fowler [H. W.] 1946:179, Figs. 43-44 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 98; ref. 1456] Aguni Shima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): ANSP 72050. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:27 [ref. 13621]. Originally as aureo-puncticeps. •Synonym of Blenniella chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:78 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

auridens, Salarias Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:338, Pl. 14 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Erub [= Darnley] Island, 9°35'S, 143°46'E, Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16418-001 [ex MAMU F1051]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:131 [ref. 21878], Hoese & Bray 2006:1551 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

auritus, Blennius Pallas [P. S.] 1814:172 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Black Sea. •Synonym of Blennius tentacularis Brünnich 1768 -- (Bath 1973:525 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Parablennius tentacularis (Brünnich 1768) -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Parin 2003:S23 [ref. 28536], Parin et al. 2014:469 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius tentacularis (Brünnich 1768). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

auritus, Cirripectes Carlson [B. A.] 1981:408, Figs. 1-2, 3c [Pacific Science v. 34 (no. 4) (for 1980); ref. 8623] English Harbor, Tabuaeran [= Fanning Island], Line Islands, central Pacific, depth 5 meters. Holotype: BPBM 20478. Paratypes: ANSP 138366 (2); BPBM 14062 (1), 24454 (1); CAS 48948 (1, missing), 34383 (2); USNM 222489-90 (2, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:27 [ref. 13621], Springer et al. 1991:4 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Cirripectes auritus Carlson 1981 -- (Springer 1986:745 [ref. 5719], Williams 1988:24 [ref. 7000], Bath & Patzner 1991:37 [ref. 19212], Myers 1999:223 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:474 [ref. 24106], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:382 [ref. 28072], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:247 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Williams 2010:6 [ref. 30923], Allen & Erdmann 2012:805 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:268 [ref. 32706], Zajonz et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes auritus Carlson 1981. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), Socotra, Comores and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Line Islands, north to Philippines and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

aurosplendidus, Blennius Richardson [J.] 1846:265 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Macao. No types known. Originally as Blennius? auro-splendidus. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:215 [ref. 11606]). •Valid as Omobranchus aurosplendidus (Richardson 1846) -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:22 [ref. 6083], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:228 [ref. 25480], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus aurosplendidus (Richardson 1846). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: South China Sea: Macao. Habitat: marine.

australianus, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:82, Pl. 12 (fig. 2); Fig. 43 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Yonge Reef, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.19481-062. Paratypes: AMS I.18740-018 (6), I.19454-030 (2), I.19472-017 (9), I.19481-018, I.20755-038 (1), I.20756-042 (2), I.22574-026 (1), I.20775-046 (1), I.20779-088 (7), I.22582-035 (4), I.22619-014 (2), I.22621-012 (2), I.22637-016 (2); ANSP 114789 (3); ROM 40529 (1); USNM 278593 (9). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:4 [ref. 18888]. Genus misspelled Ecenius in main heading. •Valid as Ecsenius australianus Springer 1988 -- (Randall et al. 1990:379 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:379 [ref. 25919], Springer & Randall 1999:44 [ref. 24274], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Hoese & Bray 2006:1547 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius australianus Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

australis, Antennablennius Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1951:218, Fig. 5 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 4 (no. 39) (art. 21); ref. 12889] Inyak, Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: BMNH 1920.12.6.24. Paratypes: BMNH 1920.7.23.58 (1). •Valid as Antennablennius australis Fraser-Brunner 1951 -- (Bath 1983:52 [ref. 5393], Dor 1984:227 [ref. 29757], Springer 1986:743 [ref. 5719], Goren & Dor 1994:58 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:313 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:381 [ref. 28072], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Fricke et al. 2013:268 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2018:307 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:137 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Antennablennius australis Fraser-Brunner 1951. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southern Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa south to Port Elizabeth (South Africa), east to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

axelrodi, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:84, Pl. 10 (figs. 1-3); Fig. 44 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Reef at drop-off at Amot Island, Hermit Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, 1°33'S, 144°59'E, southwestern Pacific, depth 3-6 meters. Holotype: USNM 231432. Paratypes: CAS 56556 (2); USNM 220975-77 (54, 10, 4); WAM P.28182-004 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:36 [ref. 19335], Springer et al. 1991:4 [ref. 18888], Moore et al. 2008:40 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Ecsenius axelrodi Springer 1988 -- (Springer 1991:104 [ref. 18995], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:224 [ref. 23965], Springer & Randall 1999:43 [ref. 24274], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Springer 2002:5 [ref. 26322], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:810 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius axelrodi Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: West Pacific: West Papua, Sulawesi, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

azalea, Runula Jordan [D. S.] & Bollman [C. H.] 1890:171 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 12 (no. 770); ref. 2433] Indefatigable [Santa Cruz] Island, Galápagos Islands. Holotype: USNM 44299. Paratypes: CAS-SU 1848 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:93 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:4 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Plagiotremus azaleus (Jordan & Bollman 1890) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:145 [ref. 4144], Allen & Robertson 1994:255 [ref. 22193], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:928 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:73 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:536 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:245 [ref. 24555], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:125 [ref. 25206], Thomson et al. 2000:202 [ref. 25640], Pondella & Craig 2001:144 [ref. 25752], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:149 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:294 [ref. 35888], González-Murcia et al. 2019:295 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Plagiotremus azaleus (Jordan & Bollman 1890). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

azureus, Petroscirtes Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:432, Fig. 109 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51796. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:4 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Aspidontus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard 1834, subspecies taeniatus -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:57 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Aspidontus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard 1834. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

azureus, Salarias Seale [A.] 1906:87, Fig. 8 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 3999] Tubuai, Austral Islands. [Tubuai Islands], French Polynesia. Holotype (unique): BPBM 783. •Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

baliensis, Blennius (Rhabdoblennius) Nichols [J. T.] 1954:1, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 1680; ref. 12660] Bali, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): AMNH 16987. •Synonym of Salarias sinuosus Snyder 1908 -- (Bath & Randall 1991:253 [ref. 15518]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias sinuosus Snyder 1908. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

bananensis, Blennius Poll [M.] 1959:63, Fig. 22 [Résultats Scientifiques. Expédition Océanographique Belge dans les Eaux Côtières Africaines de l'Atlantique Sud (1948-1949). Bruxelles. v. 4 (no. 3B); ref. 12014] Moanda Tonde, French Equatorial Africa. Holotype: MRAC 71526. Paratypes: IRSNB 376 (1), MRAC 71114 (1). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:44 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:31 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Hypleurochilus bananensis (Poll 1959) -- (Bath 1973:527 [ref. 7212], Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1099 [ref. 13677], Bath 1990:907 [ref. 19373], Nieto & Alberto 1990:361 [ref. 23687], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Gharred et al. 1998:102 [ref. 23486], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Pinheiro et al. 2013:95 [ref. 32885], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Hypleurochilus bananensis (Poll 1959). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic; south to Congo. Habitat: marine.

bandanus, Ecsenius (Ecsenius) Springer [V. G.] 1971:38, Fig. 35 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 72; ref. 7707] Banda Sea, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): USNM 195717. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:4 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius bandanus Springer 1971 -- (Springer 1988:106 [ref. 6804], Bath & Patzner 1991:40 [ref. 19212], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:224 [ref. 23965], Springer & Randall 1999:44 [ref. 24274], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Springer & Allen 2004:3 [ref. 28002], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:810 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius bandanus Springer 1971. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

banditus, Omobranchus Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:232, Pl. 14 (fig. D) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 14; ref. 4123] Umgazi, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 233. Paratypes: (numerous) not researched. •Valid as Omobranchus banditus Smith 1959 -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:24 [ref. 6083], Springer 1986:750 [ref. 5719], Fricke 1999:487 [ref. 24106], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus banditus Smith 1959. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa, KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), possibly Mauritius (Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

bankanensis, Petroskirtes Bleeker [P.] 1853:727 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 16829] Goessongassam at Koba, Bangka, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 26669 [ex RMNH 4776]. Original genus should have been Petroscirtes. •Synonym of Petroscirtes variabilis Cantor 1849 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:44 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes variabilis Cantor 1849. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

bankieri, Petroscirtes Richardson [J.] 1845:136, Pl. 64 (figs. 8-10) [Ichthyology.--Part 3. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur.; ref. 20575] Hong Kong, China. Holotype (unique): BMNH (apparently lost). •Synonym of Petroscirtes breviceps (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:38 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes breviceps (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

barbatus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:9 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Unexplained new name for Blennius mediterraneus of Lacepède and Gadus mediterraneus Linnaeus 1758. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

barbatus, Petroscirtes Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1855:440 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1855; ref. 3449] Mozambique. Syntypes: ZMB 1941 (3). Also described as new in Peters 1855:248 [ref. 13448]. •Synonym of Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1830 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:32 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1830. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

barbatus, Salarias Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:108 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] Bluff, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: SAM 9891 (2). •Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:131 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

basiliscus, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:245 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Toulon, France; Genoa, Italy; Sardinia, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN A-1779 (1), A-1829 (1), A-1842 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:9 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Blennius basiliscus Valenciennes 1836 -- (Bath 1973:520 [ref. 7212]). •Valid as Lipophrys basiliscus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1101 [ref. 13677], Arruda 1997:106 [ref. 24952]). •Valid as Salaria basilisca (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Gharred et al. 1998:104 [ref. 23486], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:126 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:99 [ref. 29533], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:60 [ref. 36649], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Salaria basilisca (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

basiliscus, Scartichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1904:552, Pl. 25 (upper fig.) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 1367] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ANSP 27802. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:27 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

bathi, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:86, Pl. 11 (figs. 5-6); Fig. 45 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Liberty Wrack, about 15 kilometers northwest of east tip of Bali Island, Indonesia, depth 7 meters. Holotype: USNM 277665. Paratypes: BPBM 31533 (1), 31535 (3); CAS 59521 (1); NMW 81944 (1); SMF 17096 (1), 17100 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:5 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius bathi Springer 1988 -- (Springer 1991:104 [ref. 18995], Chen et al. 1997:148 [ref. 24620], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:224 [ref. 23965], Springer & Randall 1999:44 [ref. 24274], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Springer 2002:5 [ref. 26322], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:811 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius bathi Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

bauchotae, Lipophrys Wirtz [P.] & Bath [H.] 1982:226, Figs. 1-2, 4-6 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 62 (nos 4/6) (for 1981); ref. 5475] Snake Island, 4°01'N, 9°12'E, Bay of Victoria, Cameroon Republic. Holotype: SMF 15695. Paratypes: ANSP 143066 (34); MNHN 1971-0028 (6); SMF 15696-97 (15, 26); SMNS 13123 (1); UZMK P.75359 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:27 [ref. 13621], Fricke 1995:5 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:17 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Lipophrys bauchotae Wirtz & Bath 1982 -- (Wirtz & Bath 1989:27 [ref. 9298], Bath 1990:908 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). •Valid as Microlipophrys bauchotae (Wirtz & Bath 1982) -- (Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Levy et al. 2011:410 [ref. 31177], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Microlipophrys bauchotae (Wirtz & Bath 1982). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern North Atlantic: Cameroon and Fernando Po. Habitat: marine.

beani, Salarias Fowler [H. W.] 1928:441 [Memoirs of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum. No. 10; ref. 5596] Faté [Éfaté], Vanuatu. Holotype (unique): BPBM 1063. •Synonym of Blenniella caudolineata (Günther 1877) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:31 [ref. 21878], Randall 2005:483 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella caudolineata (Günther 1877). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

belanskei, Petroscirtes Borodin [N. A.] 1928:33, Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Bulletin Vanderbilt Oceanographic Museum v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 526] Caños Island, Costa Rica (Pacific). Holotype (unique): VMM 409 (now at AMNH). •Synonym of Plagiotremus azaleus (Jordan & Bollman 1890) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:146 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Plagiotremus azaleus (Jordan & Bollman 1890). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

belemnites, Salarias De Vis [C. W.] 1884:695 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Queensland coast, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.224 (poor condition). •Synonym of Blenniella chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:78 [ref. 21878], Hoese & Bray 2006:1544 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

bellus, Salarias Günther [A.] 1861:256 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] China seas [probably erroneous]. Lectotype: BMNH 1848.3.16.1 (largest specimen). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1855.9.19.643 (1), 1855.9.19.700 (1), 1989.12.13.1 [ex 1848.3.16.1] (1), 2012.10.25.2 [ex 1855.9.19.643] (1), 2012.10.25.3 [ex 1848.3.16.1] (1), 2012.10.25.4 [ex. 1848.3.16.1] (1), 2012.10.25.5 [ex. 1848.3.16.1] (1). Lectotype selected by Springer & Williams 1994:143 [ref. 21878]. •Valid as Istiblennius bellus (Günther 1861) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:143 [ref. 21878], Myers 1999:226 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:481 [ref. 24106], Randall & Earle 2000:18 [ref. 25806], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:494 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:383 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:96 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:825 [ref. 31980], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988], Fricke et al. 2018:312 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Istiblennius bellus (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: South and East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marquesas Islands and Easter Island, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Tonga. Habitat: marine.

bermudensis, Hypleurochilus Beebe [W.] & Tee-Van [J.] 1933:155, Fig. 38 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 13 (no. 7); ref. 16101] Marshall Island, Bermuda. Holotype (unique): MCZ 33070 [ex NYZS]. Type catalog: Mead 1958:133 [ref. 20648]. •Valid as Hypleurochilus bermudensis Beebe & Tee-Van 1933 -- (Randall 1966:60 [ref. 9054], Robins & Ray 1986:231 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:160 [ref. 23239], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:309 [ref. 25013], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Nelson et al. 2004:166 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:630 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Pinheiro et al. 2013:95 [ref. 32885]). Current status: Valid as Hypleurochilus bermudensis Beebe & Tee-Van 1933. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

bhattacharyae, Petroscirtes Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1916:107 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 15055] Barkul Point, Chilka Lake, Orissa, India. Holotype: ZSI F8764/1. Paratypes: (11) ZSI F8770/1 (1), F8774/1-F8779/1 (6). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:147 [ref. 20743]. •Valid as Omobranchus bhattacharyae Chaudhuri 1916 -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus zebra (Bleeker 1868) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:74 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:148 [ref. 4144], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:914 [ref. 20764], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus zebra (Bleeker 1868). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bicolor, Salarias Day [F.] (ex Tickell) 1888:798 [The fishes of India Suppl.; ref. 1082] Saddle Island, off Kyoukphyoo, Arracan, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. We assume Day revised the description in his style and may have taken information from the figure rather than quoting directly from Tickell, therefore authorship is regarded as Day. •Valid as Ecsenius bicolor (Day 1888) -- (Springer 1971:25 [ref. 7707], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:300 [ref. 6441], Springer 1988:44 [ref. 6804], Allen & Swainston 1988:130 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:380 [ref. 15987], Bath & Patzner 1991:41 [ref. 19212], Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:330 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:380 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:224 [ref. 23965], Springer & Randall 1999:39 [ref. 24274], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1108 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:398 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:116 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Springer & Allen 2001:153 [ref. 25668], Nakabo 2002:1108 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:488 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:462 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Bray 2006:1547 [ref. 29000], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:247 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:191 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:811 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:179 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33932], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:117 [ref. 36167], Francis & Duffy 2015:483 [ref. 36161], Attaran-Farimani et al. 2016:176 [ref. 34175], Allen et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36633], Zajonz et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36871] as cf. bicolor). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius bicolor (Day 1888). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives, Myanmar, Andaman Islands, Indonesia east to Phoenix Islands and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia, northern New Zealand and Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

bifilum, Blennius Günther [A.] 1861:225 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] No locality stated [is South Africa]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1859.5.7.70. •Valid as Antennablennius bifilum (Günther 1861) -- (Bath 1983:54 [ref. 5393], Springer 1986:743 [ref. 5719], Randall 1995:313 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:208 [ref. 23922], Fricke 1999:471 [ref. 24106], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:381 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2009:94 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Fricke et al. 2018:307 [ref. 35805], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:195 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Valid as Antennablennius bifilum (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East and South Africa, Persian Gulf, Mozambique Channel, Aldabra, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to India. Habitat: marine.

bilineatus, Salarias Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1868:269 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1868; ref. 3442] Coral reef east of Lauang, Samar Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): ZMB 6707. •Valid as Praealticus bilineatus (Peters 1868) -- (Bath 1992:244 [ref. 20223], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:501 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:830 [ref. 31980], Koeda et al. 2016:86 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Praealticus bilineatus (Peters 1868). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia to Solomon Islands and Vanuatu, New Caledonia to Japan. Habitat: marine.

bilitonensis, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1858:231 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 15 (no. 1); ref. 363] Western Belitung Island, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 4792 (largest spec.). Paralectotypes: RMNH 4792 (smaller spec.). Lectotype selected by Springer & Williams 1994:48 [ref. 21878]. •Valid as Istiblennius bilitonensis (Bleeker 1858) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:300 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:103 [ref. 21281], Shen et al. 1986:42 [ref. 13821]). •Valid as Blenniella bilitonensis (Bleeker 1858) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:43 [ref. 21878], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:632 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1103 [ref. 25182], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1103 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Hoese & Bray 2006:1543 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:802 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:179 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Blenniella bilitonensis (Bleeker 1858). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific : East Indian region from Singapore and Gulf of Thailand to Indinesia and Molucca Islands, north to Philippines, Taiwan and Ryukyu Islands, south to Northern Territory (Australia). Habitat: marine.

bimaculatus, Ecsenius (Ecsenius) Springer [V. G.] 1971:38, Fig. 34 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 72; ref. 7707] Pulav Bohidulong, Darvel Bay, east end of Borneo, depth 1.5-3.6 meters. Holotype: USNM 201817. Paratypes: USNM 203922 (2). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:5 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius bimaculatus Springer 1971 -- (Springer 1988:107 [ref. 6804], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Springer & Allen 2004:3 [ref. 28002], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:812 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius bimaculatus Springer 1971. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Borneo and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

biocellatus, Blennechis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:289 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Valparaíso, Chile. Holotype: MNHN A-1823. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:6 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Hypsoblennius sordidus (Bennett 1828) -- (Springer 1967:462 [ref. 30243], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsoblennius sordidus (Bennett 1828). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

biorni, Salarias Fowler [H. W.] 1946:181, Fig. 45 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 98; ref. 1456] Aguni Shima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): ANSP 72051. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Praealticus bilineatus (Peters 1868) -- (Bath 1992:244 [ref. 20223]). Current status: Synonym of Praealticus bilineatus (Peters 1868). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

biporos, Omox Springer [V. G.] 1972:11, Fig. 13-14 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 130; ref. 4178] Southeast bay of Goh Mak Island, southwest of Trat Bay, 11°48'15"N, 102°29'08"E. east coast of Gulf of Thailand. Holotype: CAS 13520. Paratypes: CAS 13656 (1 c&s), 13657 (2); USNM 205698 (2). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:5 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Omox biporos Springer 1972 -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:79 [ref. 6083], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:651 [ref. 25598], Springer 1981:704 [ref. 8545], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:296 [ref. 6441], Myers 1999:220 [ref. 23965], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1112 [ref. 25182], Sakai et al. 2001:105 [ref. 25693], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1112 [ref. 26193], Randall 2005:499 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1559 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:785 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:152 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Omox biporos Springer 1972. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Australia and New Caledonia north to Ryukyu Islands; throughout most of the East Indian region. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bipunctatus, Petroscirtes Day [F.] 1876:327, Pl. 71 (fig. 3) [The fishes of India Part 2; ref. 1081] Calicut, Malabar coast, India. Syntypes: ZSI F2082 (2). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. •Valid as Omobranchus bipunctatus (Day 1876) -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 4178]). •Valid as Haptogenys bipunctata (Day 1876) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:78 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:148 [ref. 4144], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:783 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Haptogenys bipunctata (Day 1876). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India and Gulf of Thailand. Habitat: marine.

biseriatus, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:316 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Indian Archipelago. Holotype: ?MNHN A-2150. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:25 [ref. 20734]; see also Springer & Williams 1994:67 [ref. 21878] for nomenclatural comments. •Synonym of Istiblennius periophthalmus (Valenciennes 1836), but a valid subspecies -- (Dor 1984:231 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Blenniella periophthalmus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:65 [ref. 21878], Golani & Fricke 2018:138 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella periophthalmus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

bitentacularis, Blennius gattorugine De la Pylaie [A. J. M.] 1835 [Congrès Scientifique de France v. 2 (Sept. 1834) (art. 5); ref. 1086] From France. Minimum distinguishing features. Genus misspelled Blennins. •Synonym of Parablennius gattorugine (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius gattorugine (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

bleekeri, Salarias Chapman [W. M.] in Weber & de Beaufort 1951:338 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 9; ref. 16097] Port Blair, Andaman Islands. Holotype: CAS-SU 37136. Paratypes: ZSI 291 (11); RMNH 17949 [ex RMNH 4794] (1); USNM 88014 (1), 195815 [ex ZSI 2047] (1); ZMA 112902 (7 or 6), 109115 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:94 [ref. 12291], Nijssen et al. 1982:95 [ref. 19236], Springer et al. 1991:5 [ref. 18888]. Author is W. M. Chapman. •Synonym of Blenniella leopardus (Fowler 1904) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:40 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella leopardus (Fowler 1904). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

bosquianus, Blennius Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Bosc d'Antic) 1800:459, 493, Pl. 13 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Carolinas [Baie de Charlestown/Charleston Bay, South Carolina, U.S.A.]. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:16-17 [ref. 20734]. Based on Blennius morsitans in manuscript by Bosc (Louis-Augustin Bosc d'Antic, 1759-1828, French naturalist). Spelled boscianus in Günther 1861:229 [ref. 1964]. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:85, 132 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Valid as Chasmodes bosquianus (Lacepède 1800) -- (Springer 1959:327 [ref. 22248], Robins & Ray 1986:230 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:160 [ref. 23239], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Murdy et al. 1997:224 [ref. 23144], Schwartz 2000:14 [ref. 24409], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:406 [ref. 24550], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Nelson et al. 2004:166 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Javonillo & Harold 2010:9 [ref. 30906], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407]). Current status: Valid as Chasmodes bosquianus (Lacepède 1800). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: east coast of U.S.A. from New York to Florida. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bouvieri, Blennius Rochebrune [A. T. de] 1880:164 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3790] Casamence River, Senegal. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:15 [ref. 20734]. Chech gewus. •Synonym of Parablennius parvicornis (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1990:910 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius parvicornis (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

brasil, Hypleurochilus Pinheiro [H. T.], Gasparini [J. L.] & Rangel [C. A.] 2013:96, Figs. 2-4 [Zootaxa 3709 (no. 1); ref. 32885] Ponta da Calheta, Ilha da Trindade, Espírito Santo, Brazil, 20°30’S, 29°20’W, depth 8 meters. Holotype: CIUFES 1901. Paratype: CAS 235154 (1), 235155 (1); LNEP-UFF 300 (1); ZUEC 6353 (1); CIUFES 1938 (1), 1945 (1), 1945 (1), 1946 (1). •Valid as Hypleurochilus brasil Pinheiro, Gasparini & Rangel 2013 -- (Pinheiro et al. 2015:28 [ref. 34324]). Current status: Valid as Hypleurochilus brasil Pinheiro, Gasparini & Rangel 2013. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Trindade Island and Martin Vaz Archipelago, Brazil. Habitat: marine.

brasiliensis, Blennius Lichtenstein [M. H. C.] 1829:63 [Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1826 (art. 4); ref. 17530] Brazil. Holotype (unique): ZMB 1931. •Synonym of Hypleurochilus fissicornis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Bath 1994:73 [ref. 21627], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Hypleurochilus fissicornis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

brasiliensis, Salarias Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:217 [7] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 19970] Indo-Pacific (possibly Nouméa) (not St. Catherine, Brazil). Lectotype: MNHN A-2148. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2190 [ex MNHN A-2148] (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:25-26 [ref. 20734]. On p. 7 of separate. Lectotype selected by Springer 1963:452 [ref. 10211] who corrected locality. •Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Bath & Randall 1991:253 [ref. 15518]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

brea, Blennius Risso [A.] 1810:129 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:15 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Blennius tentacularis Brünnich 1768 -- (Bath 1973:525 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Parablennius tentacularis (Brünnich 1768) -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius tentacularis (Brünnich 1768). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

breviceps, Blennechis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:283 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Bay of Bengal. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0999. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:6 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Petroscirtes breviceps (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:38 [ref. 4144], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:297 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:90 [ref. 21281], Springer 1986:753 [ref. 5719], Shen et al. 1986:52 [ref. 13821], Smith-Vaniz 1987:2 [ref. 6404], Allen & Swainston 1988:128 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:206 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:328 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:219 [ref. 23965], Mizuno et al. 1999:10 [ref. 25311], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1115 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:231 [ref. 25480], Sakai et al. 2001:105 [ref. 25693], Shinohara et al. 2000:181 [ref. 25987], Shimizu 2001:36 [ref. 25799], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1115 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:388, 651 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:170 [ref. 27510], Smith-Vaniz 2005:35 [ref. 28343], Hoese & Bray 2006:1561 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:195 [ref. 31256], Murase et al. 2011:70 [ref. 32403], Allen & Erdmann 2012:794 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:152 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:16 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:314 [ref. 35805], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:246 [ref. 36460], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Petroscirtes breviceps (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Mariana Islands and New Guinea, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

brevipinnis, Blennius Günther [A.] 1861:226 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] (Pacific) Panama. Lectotype: BMNH 1861.8.13.7[or 17]. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1855.9.19.751 (1) Sandwich Is. Also appeared as new in Günther 1862:373 [4] [ref. 1968]. Lectotype selected by Krejsa 1960:331 [ref. 11927]. The original locality of Sandwich Islands is in error. •Valid as Hypsoblennius brevipinnis (Günther 1861) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:253 [ref. 22193], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:928 [ref. 22829], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:71 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:533 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:248 [ref. 24555], Bath 2000:176 [ref. 25102], Thomson et al. 2000:199 [ref. 25640], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Nelson et al. 2004:166 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:464 [ref. 28379], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:149 [ref. 34871], González-Murcia et al. 2019:295 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Hypsoblennius brevipinnis (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific; Atlantic immigrant through Panama Canal. Habitat: marine.

brevis, Salarias Kner [R.] 1868:29 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 58 (nos 1-2); ref. 6074] Savai'i Island, Schiffer Island, Samoa. Holotype: NMW 75387. Possible types: ZMH H463 (1) [ex MGH 5062] Ponape. Type catalog: Ladiges 1958:171 [ref. 19182], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:409 [ref. 21161]. Appeared in more detail in Kner 1868:334 [42 of separate], Pl. 6 (fig. 18) [ref. 2646]. •Valid as Exallias brevis (Kner 1868) -- (Dor 1984:229 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:299 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:101 [ref. 21281], Shen et al. 1986:14 [ref. 13821], Springer 1986:746 [ref. 5719], Allen & Swainston 1988:128 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:60 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:383 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:206 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:383 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:226 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:480 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:25 [ref. 25829], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1093 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:399 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:18 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1093 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:384 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:494 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:463 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Bray 2006:1551 [ref. 29000], Randall 2007:382 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:96 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:824 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:269 [ref. 32706], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988], Golani & Fricke 2018:139 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Exallias brevis (Kner 1868). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Mozambique Channel, Seychelles and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, Marquesas Islands and Henderson Island (Pitcairn Group), north to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

brevoorti, Salarias Fowler [H. W.] 1946:177, Fig. 41 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 98; ref. 1456] Aguni Shima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): ANSP 72048. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Blenniella bilitonensis (Bleeker 1858) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:43 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella bilitonensis (Bleeker 1858). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

brunneolus, Aspidontus Jenkins [O. P.] 1903:510, Fig. 50 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2341] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50718. Paratypes: (18). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:5 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Enchelyurus brunneolus (Jenkins 1903) -- (Springer 1972:6 [ref. 4178], Mundy 2005:463 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:377 [ref. 30952], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Enchelyurus brunneolus (Jenkins 1903). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

bryani, Salarias Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:430, Fig. 108 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype (unique): USNM 51794 [not 31794]. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:5 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Blenniella chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:78 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

bufo, Pholis Lowe [R. T.] 1843:87 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1843 (pt 11); ref. 2832] Off Madeira. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.9.10.12-14 (now 2), 1953.11.15.1 [ex 1863.9.10.12-14] (1). •Valid as Blennius bufo (Lowe 1843) -- (Bath 1973:520 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Lipophrys pholis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bath & Wirtz 1992:272 [ref. 19831], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Santos et al. 1997:99 [ref. 23531], Stefanni et al. 2006:282 [ref. 30525] as a race). Current status: Synonym of Lipophrys pholis (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

bunares, Cirrisalarias Springer [V. G.] 1976:202, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 89 (no. 13); ref. 4179] N'Gouni Reef, Grand Comore Island, about 0.5 kilometer north of Iconi, in surge channel at far end of small cove, Comoro Islands, western Indian Ocean, depth to 5 meters. Holotype: CAS 33598. Paratypes: ANSP 134000 [ex CAS 33602] (20); CAS 33607 (1), 34623 (106); USNM 205453 (1), 214974 (5, c&s), 214975 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621], Springer et al. 1991:5 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Cirrisalarias bunares Springer 1976 -- (Fricke 1999:476 [ref. 24106], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:487 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Murase et al. 2011:62 [ref. 32403], Allen & Erdmann 2012:809 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Cirrisalarias bunares Springer 1976. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Comores, Mauritius (Mascarenes); Christmas Island (eastern Indian Ocean) to South China Sea; Japan, Philippines, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Fiji. Habitat: marine.

bundoon, Meiacanthus (Meiacanthus) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1976:107, Fig. 158 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 19; ref. 4144] Patch reef .5 miles north of Moala Island, 18°34'S, 179°56'E, Lau Group, Fiji Islands. depth 15 meters. Holotype: USNM 212257. Paratypes: AMS I.17917-001 (1); ANSP 128523 (1); BPBM 17873 (1); USNM 212258 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621], Springer et al. 1991:5 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Meiacanthus bundoon Smith-Vaniz 1976 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1987:44 [ref. 6404], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:33 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290] dated 1977, Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:496 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus bundoon Smith-Vaniz 1976. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Fiji. Habitat: marine.

burmanicus, Salarias Hora [S. L.] & Mukerji [D. D.] 1936:34, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 38 (pt 1); ref. 2217] Maungmagan, Tavoy District, Lower Myanmar. Holotype (unique): ZSI F11872/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:147 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:371 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Ecsenius bicolor (Day 1888) -- (Springer 1971:25 [ref. 7707], Springer 1988:44 [ref. 6804], Bath & Patzner 1991:41 [ref. 19212]). Current status: Synonym of Ecsenius bicolor (Day 1888). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

caboverdensis, Lipophrys Wirtz [P.] & Bath [H.] 1989:15, Figs. 1-13 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 69 (nos 1/3); ref. 9298] Murdeira Bay, Sal Island, Cape Verde Islands, 16°45'N 22°55'W. Holotype: SMF 18002. Paratypes: RMNH 29591 (1), 29598-99 (1, 2); SMF 18003 (6 or 5), 18004-05 (8, 2); SMNS 13124-26 (4, 6, 5); USNM 282944 (12). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:5 [ref. 18888], Fricke 1995:5 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:17 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Lipophrys caboverdensis Wirtz & Bath 1989 -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398]). •Valid as Microlipophrys caboverdensis (Wirtz & Bath 1989) -- (Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Levy et al. 2011:410 [ref. 31177], Wirtz et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32972], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Microlipophrys caboverdensis (Wirtz & Bath 1989). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde Islands (endemic). Habitat: marine.

caboverdiana, Scartella Bath [H.] 1990:397, Figs. 1-3, 4a-e, 5 [Mitteilungen Pollichia v. 77; ref. 15517] Palmeira, Sal Island, Cape Verde Islands. Holotype: SMF 18032. Paratypes: SMF 18033-34 (4, 5); Bath personal coll. (2); SMNS 13122 (12), 13524 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:6 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:19 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Scartella caboverdiana Bath 1990 -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Rangel et al. 2004:90 [ref. 27822], Rangel & Mendes 2009:52 [ref. 30055], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Wirtz et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32972], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2806 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Scartella caboverdiana Bath 1990. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde Islands (endemic). Habitat: marine.

cadenati, Entomacrodus Springer [V. G.] 1967:59, Pl. 4 [Atlantide Report No. 9 (for 1966); ref. 9069] Rocky shore at Gorée, Senegal. Holotype: MNHN 1965-0705. Paratypes: CUMV 44175-76 (12); IRSNB 504 (1); MNHN 1965-0706 (38), 1892-0024 (2), MNHN [ex IFAN uncat.] (5); RMNH 5323 (8); USNM 199481 (10), 199623 (15). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:21 [ref. 20734], Walschaerts 1987:44 [ref. 20755], Springer et al. 1991:5 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Entomacrodus cadenati Springer 1967 -- (Springer 1967:122 [ref. 18947], Springer 1972:12 [ref. 7647], Bath 1990:913 [ref. 19373], Afonso et al. 1999:78 [ref. 25466], Springer & Fricke 2000:387 [ref. 24575], Wirtz et al. 2007:38 [ref. 30263], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Wirtz et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32972], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus cadenati Springer 1967. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Guinea and offshore islands. Habitat: marine.

cadens, Blennius Poey [F.] 2000:592, Pl. 325 (fig. 1) [Ictiologia Cubana. Posthumous transcription of original unpublished manuscript (1884) by M. Sánchez Roig and F. Gómez de la Maza v. 1-3; ref. 26366] Not available; not explicitly proposed as new [see Art. 16.1 of the Code]. Posthumous publication. Figured specimen listed as type. Blenniidae.

caeruleopunctatus, Enchelyurus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1939:340, Pl. 1 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 70 (no. 4); ref. 2128] Nasugbu, Batangus Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: CAS-SU 33023. Paratypes: CAS-SU 33024 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:92 [ref. 12291]. Originally as caeruleo-punctatus. •Synonym of Parenchelyurus hepburni (Snyder 1908) -- (Springer 1972:12 [ref. 4178]). Current status: Synonym of Parenchelyurus hepburni (Snyder 1908). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

caeruliventris, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] & Allen [G. R.] 2004:3, Figs. 1a-c, 2a [Zootaxa No. 791; ref. 28002] South entrance to Batudak Passage, Togean Islands, Sulawesi, Indonesia, 00.27'S, 125°56'E, depth 3-5 meters. Holotype: MZB 12094. Paratypes: USNM 379435 (1), WAM P.31492-001 (4). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:40 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Ecsenius caeruliventris Springer & Allen 2004 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:812 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius caeruliventris Springer & Allen 2004. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Sulawesi, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

caesius, Salarias Seale [A.] 1906:88, Fig. 8 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 3999] Tubuai, Austral Islands. [Tubuai Islands], French Polynesia. Holotype: BPBM 785. Paratypes: (should be 4) ANSP 82157 (3), BPBM 10079 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Praealticus caesius (Seale 1906) -- (Bath 1992:251 [ref. 20223], Randall 1999:26 [ref. 25829], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:501 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Praealticus caesius (Seale 1906). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cagnota, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:249 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Toulon, France, western Mediterranean Sea. Lectotype: MNHN A-1667. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-1776 (1), A-1778-79 (1, 1), A-1829 (1), A-1842 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:9-10 [ref. 20734] as holotype and paratypes. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1997:175 [ref. 22952]. •Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801) -- (Bath 1986:357 [ref. 6217], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Kottelat 1997:175 [ref. 22952], Bath 2003:97 [ref. 27343], Kottelat 2004:121 [ref. 27669]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caledoniensis, Parablennius tasmanianus Bath [H.] 1989:293, Figs. 1-4, 5a-e, 6a-b, 9 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 69 (nos 4/6); ref. 13310] Ducos Peninsula, Nouméa, New Caledonia. Holotype: USNM 195795. Paratypes: SMF 18007 (1); USNM 195794 (1), 195796 (1), 280244 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:5 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Parablennius tasmanianus (Richardson 1842), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Bath 2008:83 [ref. 29600]). •Synonym of Parablennius tasmanianus (Richardson 1842) -- (Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:347 [ref. 28867] dated Richardson 1849). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius tasmanianus (Richardson 1842). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: New Caledonia (subspecies). Habitat: marine.

calurus, Entomacrodus Fowler [H. W.] 1904:555, Pl. 26 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 1367] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: ANSP 27807 [in jar with paratypes]. Paratypes: (5) ANSP 27808-12 (7). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Blenniella cyanostigma (Bleeker 1849) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:23 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella cyanostigma (Bleeker 1849). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

calvus, Salarias De Vis [C. W.] 1884:697 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Murray Island, Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia. QM I.1355. Paratypes: AMS I.365 (1), ?QM I.1356 (1). •Synonym of Salarias guttatus Valenciennes 1836 -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518], Hoese & Bray 2006:1564 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias guttatus Valenciennes 1836. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

canariensis, Blennius Jordan [D. S.] & Gunn [J. A., Jr.] 1898:346 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 50; ref. 10630] Canary Islands. Syntypes: CAS-SU 4285 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:92 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Blennius parvicornis Valenciennes 1836 -- (Bath 1973:522 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Parablennius parvicornis (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1990:910 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius parvicornis (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

canescens, Blennius Garman [S.] 1903:236, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 39 (no. 8); ref. 15030] Eastern entrance of Mbengha Passage, Fiji Islands. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28294. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Blennius canescens Bloch & Schneider 1801. •Synonym of Cirripectes polyzona (Bleeker 1868) -- (Williams 1988:54 [ref. 7000], Bath & Patzner 1991:38 [ref. 19212], Randall 2005:486 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Cirripectes polyzona (Bleeker 1868). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

canestrinii, Blennius Facciolà [L.] 1881:212, Fig. 2 [Annuario della Società dei naturalisti in Modena v. 14 (ser. 2) (for 1880); ref. 17480] Sea of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Possible synonym of Parablennius incognitus (Bath 1968) -- (Bath 1990:909 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687] as canestrini). Current status: Uncertain as Parablennius incognitus (Bath 1968). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

canevae, Blennius Vinciguerra [D.] 1880:448, Figured [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova v. 15; ref. 14282] Gulf of Genoa, Italy, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN A-2503 (2), MSNG 12382 (6), MZUF 5659-60 (2), NMW 71485 (2), ZMB 10886 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:340 [ref. 10350], Bauchot 1967:10 [ref. 20734], Vanni 1991:226 [ref. 20099]. •Valid as Blennius canevae Vinciguerra 1880 -- (Bath 1973:520 [ref. 7212]). •Valid as Lipophrys canevae (Vinciguerra 1880) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1102 [ref. 13677], Wirtz & Bath 1989:26 [ref. 9298], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Gharred et al. 1998:102 [ref. 23486], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:122 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:98 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:58 [ref. 36649]). •Valid as Microlipophrys canevae (Vinciguerra 1880) -- (Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398] as canevai, Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Levy et al. 2011:410 [ref. 31177], Tiralongo et al. 2015:98 [ref. 35855]). Current status: Valid as Microlipophrys canevae (Vinciguerra 1880). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea and adjacent coast of southern Portugal (eastern Atlantic). Habitat: marine.

caninus, Cirripectes Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1936:284 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 59 (no. 2); ref. 2125] Ternate, Maluku, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 29082. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:92 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Exallias brevis (Kner 1868) -- (Strasburg & Schultz 1953:128 [ref. 12719], Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:54 [ref. 4145]). Current status: Synonym of Exallias brevis (Kner 1868). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

capillus, Ophioblennius Reid [E. D.] 1943:381, Fig. 2 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 33 (no. 12); ref. 3686] Diamond Head Light, Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3921. Holotype (unique): USNM 120032. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:5 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Cirripectes vanderbilti (Fowler 1938) -- (Williams 1988:68 [ref. 7000], Mundy 2005:462 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Cirripectes vanderbilti (Fowler 1938). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

capito, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:260 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: MNHN A-1841 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:10 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Chalaroderma capito (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1986:744 [ref. 5719], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Chalaroderma capito (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

carolinus, Pholis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:276 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Coast of Carolina [probably in error for eastern Atlantic]. Lectotype: MNHN A-2101. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2539 [ex A-2101] (1). Lectotype selected by Springer 1967:683 [ref. 21721]. •Synonym of Blennius pholis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Bath 1973:523 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Lipophrys pholis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bath & Wirtz 1992:272 [ref. 19831], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Lipophrys pholis (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

cas, Mimoblennius Springer [V. G.] & Spreitzer [A. E.] 1978:18, Fig. 9 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 268; ref. 4181] Tidal flats 1 kilometer north of Hotel Coelacanthe, Grand Comore Island, Comoro Islands, western Indian Ocean, depth to 5 meters. Holotype: CAS 33603. Paratypes: ANSP 137863 (20); BMNH 1977.1.10.4-12 (9); BPBM 20466 (20); CAS 33430 (29), 36965 (28); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 914 (20); USNM 216307 (4), 216308 (10, 5 c&s). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621], Springer et al. 1991:5 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Mimoblennius cas Springer & Spreitzer 1978 -- (Fricke 1999:486 [ref. 24106], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Mimoblennius cas Springer & Spreitzer 1978. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Comores. Habitat: marine.

castaneus, Blennius Macleay [W.] 1881:5 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 6 (pt 1); ref. 4931] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16407-001 [ex MAMU F1034]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Blennius castaneus Castelnau 1861, replaced by Pictiblennius iredalei Whitley 1931. •Wrongly treated as valid as Cirripectes castaneus (Macleay 1881) -- (Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977]). •Synonym of Parablennius intermedius (Ogilby 1815) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1559 [ref. 29000], Bath 2008:79 [ref. 29600]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

castaneus, Blennius Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:50 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Algoa Bay, South Africa. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:15 [ref. 20734]. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

castaneus, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:324 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1799. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:26 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Cirripectes castaneus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Fukao 1984:111 [ref. 6726], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:299 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:92 [ref. 21281], Springer 1986:745 [ref. 5719], Shen et al. 1986:15 [ref. 13821], Williams 1988:27 [ref. 7000], Winterbottom et al. 1989:60 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:377 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:59 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:315 [ref. 22896], Randall et al. 1997:377 [ref. 25919], Suzuki et al. 1999:5 [ref. 24391], Myers 1999:223 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:474 [ref. 24106], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:632 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1096 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:396 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:116 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1096 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:382 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:485 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1545 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:94 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:805 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:268 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:148 [ref. 33932], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:117 [ref. 36167], Stewart et al. 2015:1532 [ref. 34301], Koeda et al. 2016:84 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:14 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:309 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:138 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes castaneus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to New South Wales (Australia) and Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

caudofasciatus, Salarias Regan [C. T.] 1909:405, Pl. 66 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1909 (pt 2) (art. 3) (for 6 Apr. 1909); ref. 14412] Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1909.3.4.68. •Valid as Entomacrodus caudofasciatus (Regan 1909) -- (Springer 1967:126 [ref. 18947], Springer 1972:13 [ref. 7647], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:299 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:93 [ref. 21281], Shen et al. 1986:32 [ref. 13821], Paulin et al. 1989:222 [ref. 24556], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Myers 1999:225 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:478 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:25 [ref. 25829], Springer & Fricke 2000:387 [ref. 24575], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1098 [ref. 25182], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1098 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:491 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Williams & Bogorodsky 2010:67 [ref. 30822], Motomura et al. 2010:192 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:822 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:150 [ref. 33932], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:117 [ref. 36167], Stewart et al. 2015:1533 [ref. 34301]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus caudofasciatus (Regan 1909). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Islands, Cocos-Keeling and Christmas islands east to Tuamotu and Pitcairn islands, north to Philippines, south to New Caledonia and Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

caudolineatus, Salarias Günther [A.] 1877:209, Pl. 116 (fig. F) [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 4 (no. 13); ref. 14243] Tahiti, Society Islands. Lectotype: BMNH 1873.4.3.177. Paralectotypes: BMNH 187.4.3.179 (1). Lectotype selected by Springer & Williams 1994:33 [ref. 21878]. •Valid as Blenniella caudolineata (Günther 1877) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:31 [ref. 21878], Myers 1999:222 [ref. 23965], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:632 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1103 [ref. 25182], Randall & Earle 2000:18 [ref. 25806], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1103 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:24 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:483 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:802 [ref. 31980], Fricke 2015:5 [ref. 33807], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Blenniella caudolineata (Günther 1877). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: West Pacific: Eastern Indonesia, north to southern Japan, Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands to Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

caudovittatus, Hypleurochilus Bath [H.] 1994:70, Figs. 26-28 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 74 (nos 1/2); ref. 21627] Bayside of Egmont Key, about 2/3 from north end of Pinellas County, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: UF 100283. Paratypes: SMF 18074 (1 or 2); UF 100284 (10); USNM 319831 (2). •Valid as Hypleurochilus caudovittatus Bath 1994 -- (Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Nelson et al. 2004:166 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:631 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Pinheiro et al. 2013:95 [ref. 32885]). Current status: Valid as Hypleurochilus caudovittatus Bath 1994. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

caulopus, Homesthes Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Evermann 1898:2394 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2445] Panama Bay, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype: CAS-SU 5623 (figured specimen). Paratypes: CAS-SU 5623 (1, with holotype). Author is C. H. Gilbert. Holotype figured in Gilbert & Starks 1904, Pl. 32 (fig. 61) [ref. 1639]. •Valid as Hypsoblennius caulopus (Gilbert 1898) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:253 [ref. 22193], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:928 [ref. 22829], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:248 [ref. 24555], Bath 2000:176 [ref. 25102], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Hypsoblennius caulopus (Gilbert 1898). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cavernosus, Blennius Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:168, Pl. 37 (lower fig.) [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

celebesensis, Lembeichthys Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1936:283, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Philippine Journal of Science v. 59 (no. 2); ref. 2125] Lembeh Strait, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype: CAS-SU 29081. Paratypes: CAS-SU 67356 [ex CAS-SU 29081] (1, c&s). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:93 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Plagiotremus celebesensis (Herre 1936) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:128 [ref. 4144]). •Synonym of Plagiotremus spilistius Gill 1865 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1987:47 [ref. 6404], Allen & Erdmann 2012:797 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Synonym of Plagiotremus spilistius Gill 1865. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

celebicus, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1854:250 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 345] Kema, northern Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4786 (1 of 2). •Synonym of Salarias guttatus Valenciennes 1836 -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias guttatus Valenciennes 1836. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

cephalotes, Salarias Thiollière [V. J. de l'I.] in Montrouzier 1857:464 [186] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 186 of reprint. Described twice on p. 186 in separate accounts. •Unidentifiable -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:61 [ref. 4145]). •Synonym of Cirripectes castaneus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (R. Fricke, personal communication 09/09). Current status: Synonym of Cirripectes castaneus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

ceramensis, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1853:701 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 16833] Wahai, northern Ceram, Indonesia. Syntypes: (4) RMNH 4783 (some of 9). •Valid as Salarias ceramensis Bleeker 1853 -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518], Bath 1992:234 [ref. 20222], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Bray 2006:1564 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Salarias ceramensis Bleeker 1853. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea to Philippines and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

cervus, Salarias Sauvage [H.-E.] (ex Hemprich & Ehrenberg) 1880:218 [8] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 19970] Red Sea. Holotype: MNHN 0000-2208. Other Ehrenberg specimens: ZMB 1959 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:26-27 [ref. 20734]. On p. 8 of separate. •Synonym of Istiblennius flaviumbrinus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:230 [ref. 29757], Springer & Williams 1994:158 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius flaviumbrinus (Rüppell 1830). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

ceylonensis, Antennablennius Bath [H.] 1983:58, Figs. 1, 10-11, 21 (a-d), 22 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 64 (nos 1/3); ref. 5393] Marble Point, Trincomalee, Sri Lanka. Holotype: SMF 17041. Paratypes: Bath coll. (orig. 17) and (orig. 14); ?HUJ 11165-66 (2, 2); SMF 17042 (13), 17043 (6); USNM 205452 (1), 206401 (1), 224514-15 (4, 5), 224519 (6), 224521-23 (1, 1, 49). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:6 [ref. 18888], Golani 2006:31 [ref. 28840] as HUJ paratypes not listed in the original description. •Valid as Antennablennius ceylonensis Bath 1983 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Antennablennius ceylonensis Bath 1983. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

chani, Medusablennius Springer [V. G.] 1966:56, Figs. 1-3 [Copeia 1966 (no. 1); ref. 4177] Raroia, Tuamotu Archipelago, 16°10'S, 142°26'W. Holotype: CAS-SU 62057 (not present in 1995). Paratypes: USNM 313886 [ex CAS-SU 62057] (1, c&s). •In genus Medusablennius -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:54 [ref. 4145]). •Valid as Medusablennius chani Springer 1966 -- (Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Randall 2005:496 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Medusablennius chani Springer 1966. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Tuamotu Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

chapmani, Entomacrodus Springer [V. G.] 1967:95, Pls. 16, 17b [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 122 (no. 3582); ref. 18947] Easter Island, southeastern Pacific. Holotype: MCZ 29446. Paratypes: BMNH 1913.12.7.10 (1); MNHN 1942-0076 (2); UBC 65-410 (2), 65-428 (2), 65-429 (2), 65-430 (9), 65-438 (1), 65-440 (1), 65-449 (1), 65-455 (3), 65-458 (1); USNM 202478 [not mentioned in original, ? ex UBC 65-430] (9). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:22 [ref. 20734], Springer et al. 1991:6 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Entomacrodus chapmani Springer 1967 -- (Pequeño 1989:66 [ref. 14125], Pequeño & Lamilla 2000:434 [ref. 24906], Pequeño & Sáez B. 2004:114 [ref. 28124], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Dyer & Westneat 2010:610 [ref. 31446]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus chapmani Springer 1967. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Easter Island, Desventuradas Islands (Chile). Habitat: marine.

chelomatus, Cirripectes Williams [J. T.] & Maugé [A. L.] 1984:1140, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Série 4: Section A: Zoologie, Biologie et Écologie Animales v. 5 (no. 4) [for 1983]; ref. 8196] Lady Musgrave Reef, 23°55'S, 152°24'E, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.21495-027. Paratypes: AMS (16 lots, 38); ANSP 109717 (6), 147659 (1); BMNH 1982.11.3.1 (1); BPBM 14449 (2), 15024 (1), 28196-97 (1, 2); CAS 13832 (10), 48957-58 (1, 1), 48903 (1); LACM 33723-20 (1); MNHN 1983-0257 (1); ROM 40368 (2); UF 35398 (2); USNM (16 lots, 100); WAM P.27754-001 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:35 [ref. 19335], Springer et al. 1991:6 [ref. 18888], Moore et al. 2008:39 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Cirripectes chelomatus Williams & Maugé 1984 -- (Williams 1988:32 [ref. 7000], Randall et al. 1990:377 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Randall et al. 1997:377 [ref. 25919], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:396 [ref. 25191], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290] dated 1983, Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624] dated 1983, Randall 2005:485 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1545 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:805 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes chelomatus Williams & Maugé 1984. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Papua New Guinea, Great Barrier Reef (Australia), Lord Howe Island, east to Fiji and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

cheverti, Salarias Macleay [W.] 1881:12 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 6 (pt 1); ref. 4931] Erub [= Darnley] Island, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16419-001 [ex MAMU F1051a] (now 9). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:131 [ref. 21878], Hoese & Bray 2006:1552 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

chilensis, Salarias Clark [H. W.] 1938:182 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 22 (no. 7); ref. 12316] Valparaíso Harbor, Chile. Holotype: CAS 5535. Paratypes: CAS 5536-5541 (5), 5542 (1); USNM 120025 [ex CAS] (1, missing); ?ZMB uncat. (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:6 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Hypsoblennius sordidus (Bennett 1828) -- (Springer 1967:462 [ref. 30243], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsoblennius sordidus (Bennett 1828). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

chiostictus, Salarias Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:363 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 237); ref. 2470] Deep rock pool at Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Lectotype: USNM 28117. Paralectotypes: USNM 200284 (1), plus 2 paralectotypes missing. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:6 [ref. 18888]. Lectotype selected by Springer 1967:110 [ref. 15268]. •Valid as Entomacrodus chiostictus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Springer 1967:106 [ref. 18947], Allen & Robertson 1994:253 [ref. 22193], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:928 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:70 [ref. 24545], Springer & Fricke 2000:387 [ref. 24575], Thomson et al. 2000:201 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:166 [ref. 27807], Béarez & Séret 2009:150 [ref. 36646], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:149 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus chiostictus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

chrysospilos, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1857:66 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 4788 (smallest spec.). Paralectotypes: RMNH 4788 (1 of 2, with lectotype). Lectotype selected by Springer & Williams 1994:84 [ref. 21878]. •Valid as Istiblennius chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:130 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:383 [ref. 15987], Bath & Patzner 1991:48 [ref. 19212], Hastings & Springer 2009:72 [ref. 30395]). •Valid as Blenniella chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:78 [ref. 21878], Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:383 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:26 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:222 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:472 [ref. 24106], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:632 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1102 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:396 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:116 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1102 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:483 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1543 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:94 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:190 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:803 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:268 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:147 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:307 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Blenniella chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

cinereus, Blennius Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:26 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] One Tree Island, Capricorn Group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia, depth 3 feet. Neotype: USNM 291700. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:15 [ref. 20734]. Neotype designated by Springer & Williams 1994:122 [ref. 21878]. •Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Hoese & Bray 2006:1552 [ref. 29000], Kottelat 2013:382 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

cirrosus, Mimoblennius Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Springer [V. G.] 1971:31, Figs. 13b, 39 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 73; ref. 4145] Off lighthouse at south end of Harat Island, 16°08'N, 39°26'30"E, Sheikh el Abu, Eritrea, Red Sea, depth 0-4 meters. Holotype: USNM 204491. Paratypes: HUJ 5383 [ex USNM 204565] (2), 7935 (4); USNM 204563-64 (1, 1), 204565 (orig. 2, now 0), 204566 (1, c&s), 204569 (6), 204645 (14). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:6 [ref. 18888], Golani 2006:33 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Mimoblennius cirrosus Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971 -- (Dor 1984:232 [ref. 29757], Randall et al. 1994:238 [ref. 21645], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:318 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:209 [ref. 23922], Fricke 1999:486 [ref. 24106], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Golani & Fricke 2018:141 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Mimoblennius cirrosus Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden and Socotra to Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

clandestinus, Spaniblennius Bath [H.] & Wirtz [P.] 1989:278, Figs. 1-4, 6, 13i, 18, 23 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 69 (nos 4/6); ref. 13307] Gorée, Senegal. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1988-0291 [ex IFAN 6702]. •Valid as Spaniblennius clandestinus Bath & Wirtz 1989 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2806 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Spaniblennius clandestinus Bath & Wirtz 1989. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

clarki, Ophioblennius Reid [E. D.] 1943:380 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 33 (no. 12); ref. 3686] Taiohae Bay, Nukuhiva Island, Marquesas Islands. Holotype (unique): CAS 24686. •Synonym of Cirripectes variolosus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Williams 1988:70 [ref. 7000]). Current status: Synonym of Cirripectes variolosus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

clippertonensis, Ophioblennius steindachneri Springer [V. G.] 1962:431, Fig. 2 [Copeia 1962 (no. 2); ref. 6500] West end of Clipperton Island, eastern Pacific, 10°18'N, 109°13'W. Holotype: USNM 196130 [not 196030]. Paratypes: ANSP 90024 (3), 90042 (10); SIO 15-1131 (153) (ex UCLA W58-296), USNM 177795 (17). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621], Springer et al. 1991:6 [ref. 18888]. •In genus Ophioblennius -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:60 [ref. 4145]). •Valid as Ophioblennius clippertonensis Springer 1962 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:7 [ref. 31156]). Current status: Valid as Ophioblennius clippertonensis Springer 1962. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Clipperton Island endemic. Habitat: marine.

colei, Salarias Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1934:96 [Notes on fishes in the Zoological Museum of Stanford University. 1. The fishes of the Herre Philippine expedition of 1931.; ref. 2108] Culion Harbor, Philippines. Holotype: CAS-SU 25520. Paratypes: CAS-SU 25521 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:94 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Istiblennius colei (Herre 1934) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:161 [ref. 21878], Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:826 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Istiblennius colei (Herre 1934). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

collettei, Ecsenius (Ecsenius) Springer [V. G.] 1972:6, Fig. 3 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 134; ref. 7647] Bay in Krankett Island, Madang harbor, Papua New Guinea, depth 1.6-8.2 meters. Holotype: USNM 206379. Paratypes: USNM 205701-02 (1, 2), 206380 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:6 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius collettei Springer 1972 -- (Springer 1988:109 [ref. 6804], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Springer & Allen 2004:3 [ref. 28002], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:812 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius collettei Springer 1972. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

coloratus, Salarias macneilli Whitley [G. P.] 1928:229 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 4661] Carlisle Bay, Santa Cruz Islands, Melanesia. Holotype: AMS IA.2943. Paratypes: AMS IA.2944 (1). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salarias quadricornis coloratus Klunzinger 1871, replaced by Salarias sanna Whitley 1929. •In the synonymy of Praealticus bilineatus (Peters 1868) -- (Bath 1992:244 [ref. 20223]). Current status: Synonym of Praealticus bilineatus (Peters 1868). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

coloratus, Salarias quadricornis var. Klunzinger [C. B.] 1871:488 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 21; ref. 2622] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Syntypes: ZMB 8085 (3). •Synonym of Istiblennius rivulatus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:213 [ref. 29757]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius rivulatus (Rüppell 1830). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

comatus, Blennius Solander [D. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:235 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Name mentioned in synonymy, not available; from Plymouth, U.K. Blenniidae.

concolor, Salarias Philippi [R. A.] 1896:380 [Anales de la Universidad de Chile 93-95; ref. 3465] Algarrobo, Chile. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Scartichthys viridis (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Williams 1990:27 [ref. 13549]). Current status: Synonym of Scartichthys viridis (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

coquillad, Blennius Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:458, 477 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] European Ocean; Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:19 [ref. 20734]. Unnecessary replacement name for Blennius galerita Linnaeus 1758. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:83, 111 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473] with spelling coquilladus on p. 83 and coquillad on p. 111. •Synonym of Coryphoblennius galerita (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bath 1973:526 [ref. 7212], Bath 1990:906 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphoblennius galerita (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

corneliae, Giffordella Fowler [H. W.] 1932:14, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 80 (no. 2906); ref. 1412] Nukuhiva, Marquesas Islands. Holotype: USNM 91821. Paratypes: USNM 91822 (11, now 10, 1 unaccounted for). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:6 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Entomacrodus corneliae (Fowler 1932) -- (Springer 1967:103 [ref. 18947], Springer & Fricke 2000:395 [ref. 24575], Randall & Earle 2000:18 [ref. 25806], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). •Valid as Entomacrodus corneliae (Fowler 1932) but might best be considered a synonym of Entomacrodus sealei Bryan & Herre 1903 -- (Randall 2005:491 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus corneliae (Fowler 1932). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

cornifer, Blennius Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1830:112 [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): SMF 589. •Valid as Hirculops cornifer (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:230 [ref. 29757], Springer 1986:747 [ref. 5719], Randall et al. 1994:237 [ref. 21645], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:316 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:209 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:381 [ref. 28072], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Fricke et al. 2018:311 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:140 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Hirculops cornifer (Rüppell 1830). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Western Indian Ocean: East and South Africa and Persian Gulf to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

cornucervi, Blennius Risso [A.] 1827:231 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:15 [ref. 20734]. Original as cornu cervi. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

cornutus, Blennius Linnaeus [C.] 1758:256 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] India. Syntypes: NRM 4711 (1). •Valid as Parablennius cornutus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1986:752 [ref. 5719], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:202 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius cornutus (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and western Indian Ocean: South Africa, Iran. Habitat: marine.

coronatus, Salarias Günther [A.] 1872:424 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 10 (no. 60) (art,. 60); ref. 18195] Solomon Islands. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1871.3.29.42. •Valid as Istiblennius coronatus (Günther 1872) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:300 [ref. 6441], Shen et al. 1986:42 [ref. 13821]). •Synonym of Istiblennius chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857) -- (Randall et al. 1990:383 [ref. 15987]). •Synonym of Blenniella chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:78 [ref. 21878], Randall 2005:483 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1543 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

crapulatus, Scartichthys Williams [J. T.] 1990:23, Fig. [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 492; ref. 13549] Montemar Biological station, Montemar, Chile. Holotype: USNM 276344. Paratypes: ANSP 158678 (4); BMNH 1850.6.14.20 (1); MNHNC P.6411 (8); SIO 87-133 (1), 87-136 (2), 87-140 (3). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:7 [ref. 18888], Meléndez C. et al. 1993:189 [ref. 24124]. •Valid as Scartichthys crapulatus Williams 1990 -- (Pequeño 1997:84 [ref. 23536], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Cornejo et al. 2018:17 [ref. 36409]). Current status: Valid as Scartichthys crapulatus Williams 1990. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Chile. Habitat: marine.

crenulatus, Salarias Weber [M.] 1909:144 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 31 (note 4); ref. 4600] Sanana, Sula Besi; Tiur Island, Indonesia. Syntypes: AMS IA.2609 (1); ZMA 109062-63 (1, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:95 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Salarias sinuosus Snyder 1908 -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias sinuosus Snyder 1908. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

crinitus, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:237 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] La Rochelle, France, Bay of Biscay, northeastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1807. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:10 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Blennius cristatus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Bath 1973:520 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Scartella cristata (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1112 [ref. 13677], Bath 1990:912 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:127 [ref. 26753]). Current status: Synonym of Scartella cristata (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

crinitus, Meiacanthus (Meiacanthus) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1987:20, Figs. 7e-f [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 139; ref. 6404] Marchesa Bay, Hawaii Island, northwestern tip of Irian Jaya, Batana Islands, New Guinea. Holotype: USNM 276512. Paratypes: ANSP 157993 (2), USNM 258768 (7). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:7 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Meiacanthus crinitus Smith-Vaniz 1987 -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:33 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011:47, 53 [ref. 31543] as crinatus in map, Allen & Erdmann 2012:789 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:151 [ref. 33932], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2019:48 [ref. 36813]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus crinitus Smith-Vaniz 1987. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

cristatus, Blennius Linnaeus [C.] 1758:256 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] [Indiis] Ascension Island, South Atlantic. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1853.11.12.55 (skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:233-234 [ref. 13434]. •Valid as Blennus cristatus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Bath 1973:520 [ref. 7212]). •Valid as Scartella cristata (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Greenfield & Johnson 1981:72 [ref. 5580], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:295 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:84 [ref. 21281], Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1112 [ref. 13677], Robins & Ray 1986:230 [ref. 23100], Bath 1990:402 [ref. 15517], Bath 1990:912 [ref. 19373], Boschung 1992:161 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1994:133 [ref. 24488], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Gharred et al. 1998:104 [ref. 23486], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:405 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:310 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:78 [ref. 25466], Nieder et al. 2000:367 [ref. 25158], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:167 [ref. 27754], Cardona & Elices 2001:82 [ref. 26221], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:127 [ref. 26753], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:96 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27621], Rangel et al. 2004:90 [ref. 27822], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:640 [ref. 28815], Fricke et al. 2007:99 [ref. 29533], Wirtz et al. 2007:38 [ref. 30263], Rangel & Mendes 2009:51 [ref. 30055], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:72 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33516] with type locality possible in error, Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2806 [ref. 34618], Robertson et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34961], Spier et al. 2018:15 [ref. 36103], Artüz & Fricke 2019:559 [ref. 36612], Ribeiro et al. 2019:5 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Scartella cristata (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay south to Namibia, including Canary Islands; southern central Atlantic: Ascension Island; western Atlantic: Bermuda and Florida (U.S.A.) south to Brazil. Habitat: marine.

cristatus, Omobranchus Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1951:213, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 4 (no. 39) (art. 21); ref. 12889] Tide pools at Sirah Island, Aden [Yemen]. Holotype: BMNH 1954.4.26.68. Paratypes: BMNH 1954.4.26.69-74 (6). Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Omobranchus by Petroscirtes cristatus Zugmayer 1913. •Valid as Omobranchus cristatus Fraser-Brunner 1951 -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus fasciolatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:35 [ref. 6083], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:205 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus fasciolatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

cristatus, Petroscirtes Zugmayer [E.] 1913:20 [Abhandlungen der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Physikalische Klasse, München v. 26 (no. 6); ref. 14994] Ormara, Baluchistan, Pakistan. Syntypes: ZSM [old collection] (4) Destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:267 [ref. 28925]. •Synonym of Omobranchus mekranensis (Regan 1905) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:50 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:148 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus mekranensis (Regan 1905). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

cristiceps, Petroscirtes Macleay [W.] 1881:9 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 6 (pt 1); ref. 4931] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16411-001 [ex MAMU F1037b] (4). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Omobranchus anolius (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:20 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:148 [ref. 4144], Hoese & Bray 2006:1556 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus anolius (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cristiceps, Salarias Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:338, Pl. 14 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Darnley [Erub] Island, 9°35'S, 143°46'E, Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16417-001 [ex MAMU F1050b]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:131 [ref. 21878], Hoese & Bray 2006:1552 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cruentatus, Entomacrodus Garman [S.] 1899:123, Pl. L' (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off Cocos Island, eastern Pacific. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28695. •Synonym of Entomacrodus chiostictus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Springer 1967:106 [ref. 18947]). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus chiostictus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

cruentipinnis, Salarias Day [F.] (ex Tickell) 1888:797 [The fishes of India Suppl.; ref. 1082] Saddle Island, off Kyoukphyoo, Arracan, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. We assume Day revised the description in his style and may have taken information from the figure rather than quoting directly from Tickell. •Synonym of Cirripectes filamentosus (Alleyne & Macleay 1877) -- (Bath & Patzner 1991:37 [ref. 19212], Williams 1988:33 [ref. 7000]). Current status: Synonym of Cirripectes filamentosus (Alleyne & Macleay 1877). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

cruentus, Cirripectus Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:238, Pl. 18 (fig. F) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 14; ref. 4123] Baizo Pinda, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 246. •Synonym of Cirripectes stigmaticus Strasburg & Schultz 1953 -- (Williams 1988:65 [ref. 7000], Bath & Patzner 1991:40 [ref. 19212], Randall 2005:487 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Cirripectes stigmaticus Strasburg & Schultz 1953. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

cubensis, Rupiscartes Mowbray [L. L.] in Breder 1927:85, Fig. 35 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 635] Near Cayman Point, Cuba. Holotype (unique): YPM 376. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:8 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Ophioblennius macclurei (Silvester 1915) -- on advice of Vic Springer, 2 Feb. 2015. Current status: Synonym of Ophioblennius macclurei (Silvester 1915). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

curtus, Salarias Boulenger [G. A.] 1897:422 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 49); ref. 14628] Mekran coast, Iran. Syntypes: BMNH 1897.9.22.10-19 (20). •Synonym of Parablennius opercularis (Murray 1887) -- (Bath 1989:312 [ref. 13309], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius opercularis (Murray 1887). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

cuvieri, Salarias Günther [A.] 1861:248 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Chile. Lectotype: BMNH 1850.6.14.21. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1850.6.14.21 (1). Unneeded replacement name for Salarias variolatus Valenciennes 1836, not preoccupied by Salarias variolosus. Lectotype selected by Williams 1990:27 [ref. 13549]. •Synonym of Scartichthys viridis (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Williams 1990:27 [ref. 13549]). •Synonym of Scartichthys variolatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Dyer & Westneat 2010:610 [ref. 31446]). Current status: Synonym of Scartichthys viridis (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

cyanopterus, Meiacanthus Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Allen [G. R.] 2011:49, Figs. 14-16 [Zootaxa No. 3046; ref. 31543] Pura Island, 8°16.944'S, 124°19.543"E, Alor Strait, Indonesia, depth 44 meters. Holotype: ZMB 20021. Paratypes: WAM P.33398=002 (3), 33400-002 (2); USNM 402709 (1). Plus one specimen observed off the north coast of Bali (not collected). •Valid as Meiacanthus cyanopterus Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:790 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus cyanopterus Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

cyanostigma, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1849:18 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Pagotang, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 4794. Paralectotypes: RMNH 17946 (1), 17948-49 (2, 1), 26062 (1 of 2). Lectotype selected by Springer & Williams 1994:29 [ref. 21878]. •Valid as Istiblennius cyanostigma (Bleeker 1849) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:300 [ref. 6441], Shen et al. 1986:44 [ref. 13821]). •Valid as Blenniella cyanostigma (Bleeker 1849) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:23 [ref. 21878], Myers 1999:222 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:472 [ref. 24106], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:483 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2009:94 [ref. 30213], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:246 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:803 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2018:308 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Blenniella cyanostigma (Bleeker 1849). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: East Africa, Aldabra, Comoros, Madagascar and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

cyclocheilus, Andamia Weber [M.] 1909:143 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 31 (note 4); ref. 4600] Atjatuning, western New Guinea. Holotype (unique): ZMA 109061. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:93 [ref. 19236]. •In genus Andamia -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:55 [ref. 4145]). •Valid as Andamia cyclocheilus Weber 1909 -- (Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Andamia cyclocheilus Weber 1909. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cyclops, Salarias Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1830:113, Pl. 28 (fig. 3) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] El -Tor, Sinai coast, Egypt, Gulf of Suez, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): SMF 1845. Genus misspelled Salaris. •Valid as Pictiblennius cyclops (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:222 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Parablennius cyclops (Rüppell 1830) -- (Bath 1989:305 [ref. 13309], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:141 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius cyclops (Rüppell 1830). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

cymatobiotus, Entomacrodus Schultz [L. P.] & Chapman [W. M.] in Schultz et al. 1960:335, Fig. 119 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 2; ref. 3972] Ocean reef in surf, Eman Island, Bikini Atoll, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 142183. Paratypes: USNM 142182 (orig. 4, now 3, 1 unaccounted for). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:7 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Entomacrodus cymatobiotus Schultz & Chapman 1960 -- (Springer 1967:91 [ref. 18947], Paulin et al. 1989:222 [ref. 24556], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Myers 1999:225 [ref. 23965], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:491 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:117 [ref. 36167], Stewart et al. 2015:1534 [ref. 34301]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus cymatobiotus Schultz & Chapman 1960. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cynodon, Petroscirtes Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1855:439 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1855; ref. 3449] Haufig bei Mossambique, 15°S. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1861.5.2.78-79 (2); ZMB 1938-39 (4, 4). Also described as new in Peters 1855:247 [ref. 13448]. •Synonym of Petroscirtes breviceps (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:38 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes breviceps (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

cypho, Salarias Jenkins [O. P.] 1903:506, Fig. 47 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2341] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50697. Paratypes: (57) CAS-SU 23318 (54). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:94 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:7 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Istiblennius zebra (Vaillant & Sauvage 1875) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:139 [ref. 21878], Mundy 2005:464 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius zebra (Vaillant & Sauvage 1875). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

cypriacus, Blennius nigriceps Bath [H.] 1972:343, Figs. 1-4, 7-8 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 53 (nos 5/6); ref. 7603] Northwestern Cape Pyla, Cyprus, Mediterranean Sea, under overhanging rocks, depth 0-2 meters. Holotype: HUJ 5772. Paratypes: Bath coll. (1); HUJ 5770-74 (1, 2, 1, 1, 2); SMF 11539 (1), 12231-32 (2, 2). Type catalog: Golani 2006:31-32 [ref. 28840]. •Synonym of Blennius nigriceps Vinciguerra 1883, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Bath 1973:522 [ref. 7212], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). •Synonym of Lipophrys nigriceps (Vinciguerra 1883), subspecies portmahonis Castanos 1933 -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1104 [ref. 13677]). •Synonym of Blennius nigriceps Vinciguerra 1883 -- (Hastings & Springer 2009:8 [ref. 31156]). Current status: Synonym of Microlipophrys nigriceps (Vinciguerra 1883). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

cyprinoides, Blennechis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:286 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] No locality. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-0717 (5). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:6-7 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Petroscirtes breviceps (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:38 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes breviceps (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

dalmatinus, Blennius Steindachner [F.] & Kolombatović [G.] 1883:213 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 20 (no. 25) (for 22 Nov. 1883); ref. 14351] Castella Canal, Croatia, Adriatic Sea, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MZUF 5656-57 (2); NMW 5037-38 (7, 4), 77634 (10). Type catalog: Vanni 1991:226 [ref. 20099]. Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner & Kolombatovic 1884:1198 [p. 6 of separate] Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [ref. 18745]. •Valid as Blennius dalmatinus Steindachner & Kolombatović 1883 -- (Bath 1973:521 [ref. 7212]). •Valid as Lipophrys dalmatinus (Steindachner & Kolombatović 1883) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1102 [ref. 13677], Wirtz & Bath 1989:26 [ref. 9298], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Gharred et al. 1998:102 [ref. 23486], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:123 [ref. 26753], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Fricke et al. 2007:98 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:58 [ref. 36649]). •Valid as Microlipophrys dalmatinus (Steindachner & Kolombatović 1883) -- (Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Levy et al. 2011:410 [ref. 31177], Tiralongo et al. 2015:98 [ref. 35855], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Microlipophrys dalmatinus (Steindachner & Kolombatović 1883). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, eastern Atlantic: southern Portugal. Habitat: marine.

dama, Blennius Hemprich [F. W.] & Ehrenberg [C. G.] 1899:9, Pl. 9 (fig. 3) [Symbolae physicae; ref. 4977] Not available, name published in synonymy of Salarias flaviumbrinus Rüppell 1830. •In genus Istiblennius -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:55 [ref. 4145]). Blenniidae: Salariinae.

dama, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:336 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Red Sea. Syntypes: ZMB 1958 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:36 [ref. 20734]. Perhaps validates Blennius dama Hemprich & Ehrenberg 1899 that was a name in synonymy. •Synonym of Istiblennius flaviumbrinus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:230 [ref. 29757], Springer & Williams 1994:158 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius flaviumbrinus (Rüppell 1830). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

darwini, Graviceps Whitley [G. P.] 1958:47 [Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales v. for 1956-57; ref. 4728] Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.4298. •Valid as Omobranchus darwini (Whitley 1958) -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus lineolatus (Kner 1868) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:45 [ref. 6083], Hoese & Bray 2006:1557 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:180 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus lineolatus (Kner 1868). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

dasson, Aspidontus Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1902:456, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 25 (no. 1293); ref. 2516] Wakanoura, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, Inland Sea. Holotype: CAS-SU 7070. Paratypes: USNM 50300 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:92 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:7 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Omobranchus japonicus (Bleeker 1869) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:33 [ref. 7348]). •Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:53 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:148 [ref. 4144], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2011:572 [ref. 31520], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dayi, Salarias Whitley [G. P.] 1929:136 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 17 (no. 3); ref. 4665] Andaman Islands. No types known. Syntypes: AMS B.7497 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris et al. 2000:294 [ref. 25110]. Replacement name for Salarias alboguttatus Day 1876, preoccupied by Salarias alboguttatus Kner 1867. •Valid as Praealticus dayi (Whitley 1929) -- (Bath 1992:240 [ref. 20223], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Praealticus dayi (Whitley 1929). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Andaman Islands. Habitat: marine.

dealmeida, Omobranchus Smith [J. L. B.] 1949:104 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 2 (no. 14) (art. 13); ref. 4077] Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Syntypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 232 (2, now 1). •Synonym of Omobranchus kranjiensis (Herre 1940) -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus ferox (Herre 1927) -- (Springer 1986:751 [ref. 5719], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus ferox (Herre 1927). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

deani, Salarias Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:799, Fig. 17 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 28 (no. 1407); ref. 2495] Negros, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 51950. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:7 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Blenniella bilitonensis (Bleeker 1858) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:43 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella bilitonensis (Bleeker 1858). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

decipiens, Salarias De Vis [C. W.] 1884:694 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Cardwell Island, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.1352. •Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:53 [ref. 6083], Hoese & Bray 2006:1557 [ref. 29000], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

decoratus, Entomacrodus Poey [F.] 1868:398 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3505] Cuba. No types known. •Synonym of Entomacrodus nigricans Gill 1859 -- (Springer 1967:126 [ref. 18947]). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus nigricans Gill 1859. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

decussatus, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1858:230 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 15 (no. 1); ref. 363] Western Belitung [Biliton] Island and Sangi [Sungihe] Island, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 4778 (128 mm TL). Paralectotypes: RMNH 4778 (3 of 4). Lectotype selected by Springer 1967:41 [ref. 18947]. •Valid as Entomacrodus decussatus (Bleeker 1858) -- (Springer 1967:37 [ref. 18947], Springer 1972:10 [ref. 7647], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:299 [ref. 6441], Shen et al. 1986:34 [ref. 13821], Allen & Swainston 1988:130 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:382 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:382 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:225 [ref. 23965], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1099 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1099 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495] dated 1857, Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:492 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1550 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:822 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:150 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus decussatus (Bleeker 1858). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia east to Mariana Islands, Tonga and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands and south to Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

delicatulus, Glyptoparus Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:249, Pl. 16 (fig. 3) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 14; ref. 4123] Malindi, Kenya, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 257. Paratypes: not researched. •Valid as Glyptoparus delicatulus Smith 1959 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:298 [ref. 6441], Winterbottom et al. 1989:61 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1997:523 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:226 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:481 [ref. 24106], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1105 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1105 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:494 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1551 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:825 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:150 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:85 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:311 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Glyptoparus delicatulus Smith 1959. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Pohnpei (Micronesia) and Austral Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

deloachi, Adelotremus Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 2017:180, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa 4258 (no. 2); ref. 35282] Off Seraya, Bali, Indonesia, ca. 8°17'20"S, 115°36'26"E, depth 17 meters. Holotype: ZMB 23004. Paratypes: USNM, ZMB. Museum is given correctly in acknowledgments as MZB, but as ZMA in text (Smith-Vaniz 2017:180 [ref. 35282]). •Valid as Adelotremus deloachi Smith-Vaniz 2017. Current status: Valid as Adelotremus deloachi Smith-Vaniz 2017. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Bali and Lembeh Strait, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

dentex, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:69, Pl. 8 (fig. 4); Fig. 35d [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Reef near road at Marsa Muqabila, northwestern coast of Gulf of Aqaba, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Red Sea, depth to 4.1 meters. Holotype: USNM 276351. Paratypes: BPBM 13394 (2), 29663 (5, now 4); HUI E63/33 (2), E63/36 (3), 3531 (1), F-3542 (1), F-3551 (3), F-3553 (3); F-4376 (6); F-4384 (1); ROM 43606 (4); SMF 5119 (1); USNM 200602 (4, 1 c&s), 201754 (3), 204567 (62, not 61), 204568 (20), 204570-71 (36, 39), 276352 (9) Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:7 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius dentex Springer 1988 -- (Goren & Dor 1994:59 [ref. 25356], Springer & Randall 1999:45 [ref. 24274], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:138 [ref. 36273], Allen et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36633]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius dentex Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic: Gulf of Aqaba. Habitat: marine.

descendens, Blennius Poey [F.] 2000:590, Pl. 324 (fig. 4) [Ictiologia Cubana. Posthumous transcription of original unpublished manuscript (1884) by M. Sánchez Roig and F. Gómez de la Maza v. 1-3; ref. 26366] Not available; not explicitly proposed as new [see Art. 16.1 of the Code]. Posthumous publication. Figured specimen listed as type. Blenniidae.

dialloi, Parablennius Bath [H.] 1990:42, Figs. 37-42, 16d [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 70 (nos 1/3) [1989]; ref. 14132] Ponte Senti, Joal, Senegal. Holotype: MNHN 1987-2109. Paratypes: Bath coll. (1), IFAN 55-2904 (13), MNHN 1987-2110 (1), SMF 18009 (2), SMNS 13116-18 (2, 1, 1), 13120-21 (1, 1); USNM 291683 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:5 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:17 [ref. 29864] •Valid as Parablennius dialloi Bath 1990 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius dialloi Bath 1990. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

digueti, Hypsoblennius Chabanaud [P.] 1943:392 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 15 (no. 6); ref. 13169] Gulf of California, Mexico. Holotype: MNHN 1901-0275. Paratypes: MNHN 1901-0276 to 0279 (1, 1, 1, 1), 1942-0027 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:20-21 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Hypsoblennius gentilis (Girard 1854) -- (Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsoblennius gentilis (Girard 1854). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Gulf of California. Habitat: marine.

dilemma, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:88, Pl. 11 (figs. 2-4); Fig. 46 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Sombrero Island, Batangas Province, Philippines, depth 0-10 meters. Holotype: USNM 231319. Paratypes: AMS I.21908-021 (2), I.21915-045 (2), I.21918-003 (2), I.21918-004 (1); BPBM 26848 (1), 28481 (1); USNM 220973-74 (6, 3), 225052-53 (2, 10), 228919 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:7 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius dilemma Springer 1988 -- (Myers 1999:224 [ref. 23965] as dilema, Springer & Randall 1999:44 [ref. 24274], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:813 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius dilemma Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

diproktopterus, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1857:69 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 16866] Kajeli, Buru Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4468. •Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Kottelat 2013:382 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

dispar, Lupinoblennius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1942:303 [19] [Stanford University Publications, University Series, Biological Sciences v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 2135] English Harbor, Antigua Island, West Indies. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 37288. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:93 [ref. 12291]. On p. 19 of separate. •Valid as Lupinoblennius dispar Herre 1942 -- (Dawson 1970 [ref. 21120], Greenfield & Johnson 1981:70 [ref. 5580], Robins & Ray 1986:228 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1994:126 [ref. 24488], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:220 [ref. 22947], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221] as cf. dispar). •Synonym of Lupinoblennius vinctus (Poey 1867) -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:footnote on 221 [ref. 22947], Sazima & Carvalho-Filho 2003:175 [ref. 26880]). Current status: Synonym of Lupinoblennius vinctus (Poey 1867). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dispar, Petroscirtes Günther [A.] 1861:232 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Amoy, China. Lectotype: BMNH 1860.7.20.99. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1860.7.20.100 (1). Lectotype selected by Springer & Gomon 1975:57 [ref. 6083]. •Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836) and Omobranchus fasciolatoceps (Richardson 1846) -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836) after lectotype selection -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:53 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:148 [ref. 4144], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dispar, Petroscirtes Fowler [H. W.] 1937:258, Fig. 287 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Bangkok, Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 68255. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Petroscirtes dispar Günther 1861. •Synonym of Omobranchus elongatus (Peters 1855) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:28 [ref. 6083], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus elongatus (Peters 1855). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ditrema, Meiacanthus (Allomeiacanthus) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1976:87, Figs. 41, 135-136 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 19; ref. 4144] Small bay in Ngarahelngael Pass, 7°19'13"N, 134°29'28"E, Auluptagel Island, Palau Islands, western Pacific, depth 0-18 meters. Holotype: USNM 205293. Paratypes: AMS I.18232-1 (5); ANSP 128341 (1), 128490 (3), 128491 (2, c&s); BPBM 7453 (4), 7456 (2); 18852 (2); CAS 28921-22 (1, 2); USNM 195706 (2, 1 c&s), 205294 (12). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621], Springer et al. 1991:7 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Meiacanthus ditrema Smith-Vaniz 1976 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:297 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz 1987:9 [ref. 6404], Randall et al. 1990:368 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:368 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:218 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:1116 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:395 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:30 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1116 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:496 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1554 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:194 [ref. 31256], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011:56 [ref. 31543], Allen & Erdmann 2012:790 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus ditrema Smith-Vaniz 1976. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: East Indian region to Tonga and Samoa, Australia north to Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

doliatus, Salarias Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:217 [7] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 19970] Atlantic [in error, possibly New Guinea]. Holotype: MNHN 0000-2548. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:27 [ref. 20734]. On p. 7 of separate. •Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1986:356 [ref. 6217], Springer & Williams 1994:131 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

duperreyi, Dasson Whitley [G. P.] 1945:31 [Australian Zoologist v. 11 (pt 1); ref. 4707] Shark Bay, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.2152-001. Paratypes: AMS IB.323-325 (3), IB.347 (1), WAM P.2153-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:36 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:39 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Petroscirtes breviceps (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:38 [ref. 4144], Hoese & Bray 2006:1561 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes breviceps (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

dussumieri, Blennechis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:282 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2084. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:7 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Aspidontus dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:63 [ref. 4144], Dor 1984:222 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:297 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:88 [ref. 21281], Springer 1986:744 [ref. 5719], Allen & Swainston 1988:128 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:367 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:340 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:59 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:206 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:332 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:367 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:218 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:471 [ref. 24106], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:632 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1117 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:225 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1117 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:24 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:382 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:481 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1542 [ref. 29000], Shao et al. 2008:259 [ref. 29952], Fricke et al. 2009:94 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:190 [ref. 31256], Murase et al. 2011:70 [ref. 32403], Allen & Erdmann 2012:787 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:147 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:307 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:137 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Aspidontus dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Aldabra, Madagascar, Saint Brandon's Shoals and Mascarenes east to Society Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, northern New South Wales (Australia) and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

dussumieri, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:310 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Malabar [Malabar region, India, Arabian Sea]. Lectotype: MNHN A-1740 (smaller spec., 68 mm SL). Paralectotypes: MNHN A-1740 (1, 77 mm SL). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:27 [ref. 20734]. Lectotype selected by Springer & Williams 1994:137 [ref. 21878]. Salarias forsteri and Salarias dussumieri were published simultaneously; Springer & Williams 1994:121 [ref. 21878] act as first revisers, selecting dussumieri over forsteri. •Valid as Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1986:748 [ref. 5719], Bath 1986:356 [ref. 6217], Shen et al. 1986:40 [ref. 13821], Randall et al. 1990:384 [ref. 15987], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:232 [ref. 24016], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Springer & Williams 1994:131 [ref. 21878], Poll & Gosse 1995:119 [ref. 24781], Randall et al. 1997:384 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:226 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:482 [ref. 24106], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Lee et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25175], Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:495 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1551 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:96 [ref. 30213], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:249 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:193 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:826 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:150 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:312 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island. Habitat: brackish, marine.

economidisi, Salaria Kottelat [M.] 2004:122, Figs. 1-2 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 111 (no. 1); ref. 27669] Lake Trichonis east of Panetolio, 38°35'28.1"N, 21°27'51.2"E, Greece. Holotype: MHNG 2641.89. Paratypes: CMK 13428 (5), 16968 (158); MHNG 2641.90 (1) •Valid as Salaria economidisi Kottelat 2004 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:546 [ref. 29996], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Doadrio et al. 2012:153 [ref. 31858], Barbieri et al. 2015:105 [ref. 35029]). Current status: Valid as Salaria economidisi Kottelat 2004. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Lake Trichonis, Greece. Habitat: freshwater.

edentulus, Blennius Forster [J. R.] & Schneider [J. G.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:172 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tahiti, Society Islands [originally from Huahine, Society Islands]. Neotype: USNM 292529. Name attributable to Forster & Schneider, description taken from Forster manuscript (reproduced in Lichtenstein 1844:231-232 [ref. 17531]). Based on Forster painting, folio 182, at BMNH. Neotype designated by Springer & Williams 1994:120 [ref. 21878]. Freshwater record from Philippines (Leyet, pers. comm) cited by Kottelat (2013). •Valid as Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Dor 1984:230 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:300 [ref. 6441], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984: [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:104 [ref. 21281], Springer 1986:748 [ref. 5719], Shen et al. 1986:38 [ref. 13821], Allen & Swainston 1988:130 [ref. 25477] as edentululus, Winterbottom et al. 1989:61 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:384 [ref. 15987], Bath & Patzner 1991:49 [ref. 19212], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:232 [ref. 24016], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:317 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:326 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:384 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:226 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:482 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:746 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:25 [ref. 25829], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1101 [ref. 25182] with authors as Schneider & Forster, Randall & Earle 2000:19 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290] with author as Schneider, Nakabo 2002:1101 [ref. 26193] with authors as Schneider & Forster, Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830] with author as Forster, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:75 [ref. 27576] with author as Bloch & Schneider, Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624] with author as Forster, Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715] with author as Schneider, Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:495 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1552 [ref. 29000] with authorship as Bloch & Schneider, Randall 2007:383 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:96 [ref. 30213], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:249 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:193 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:827 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:269 [ref. 32706], Kottelat 2013:382 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:150 [ref. 33932], Attaran-Farimani et al. 2016:176 [ref. 34175], Koeda et al. 2016:85 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:312 [ref. 35805] with authorship as Schneider [ex Forster], Golani & Fricke 2018:140 [ref. 36273], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:197 [ref. 36242], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll and Pitcairn, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

edmondsoni, Enchelyurus Fowler [H. W.] 1923:389 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 8 (no. 7); ref. 1398] Honomuni, Molokai Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): BPBM 3401. •Synonym of Enchelyurus brunneolus (Jenkins 1903) -- (Springer 1972:6 [ref. 4178], Mundy 2005:463 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:377 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelyurus brunneolus (Jenkins 1903). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

edwardsii, Blennius Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:187 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

elatus, Petroscirtes Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1902:452, Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 25 (no. 1293); ref. 2516] Ishigaki Island, Yaeyama Islands, southern Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 7071. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:93 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1830 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:32 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1830. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

elegans, Petroscirtes Steindachner [F.] 1876:217 [169] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Nagasaki, Japan. Syntypes: (several) NMW 76203 (2). On p. 169 of separate. •Valid as Omobranchus elegans (Steindachner 1876) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:33 [ref. 7348], Springer & Gomon 1975:26 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:148 [ref. 4144], Springer 1981:700 [ref. 8545], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:296 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:86 [ref. 21281], Cheng & Zhou 1997:325 [ref. 26385], Nakabo 2000:1113 [ref. 25182], Shimizu 2001:36 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:1113 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:388, 650 [ref. 26218], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus elegans (Steindachner 1876). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ellipes, Blennius Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1906:702, Fig. 9 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 30 (no. 1462); ref. 10666] Tanegashima, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 9361 [not USNM 53272]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 9778 (14); USNM 53272 (11), 61164 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:92 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:7 [ref. 18888]. Type information: Springer & Eschmeyer 1974:567 [ref. 21415]. •Valid as Rhabdoblennius ellipes (Jordan & Starks 1906) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:298 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:114 [ref. 21281], Shen et al. 1986:23 [ref. 13821], Randall et al. 1990:386 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1997:386 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:228 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:26 [ref. 25829], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1104 [ref. 25182] as Rhadoblennius, Randall & Earle 2000:19 [ref. 25806], Nakabo 2002:1104 [ref. 26193] as Rhadoblennius, Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:75 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:502 [ref. 28239]). •Synonym of Rhabdoblennius nitidus (Günther 1861) -- (Bath 2004:12 [ref. 28017]). Current status: Synonym of Rhabdoblennius nitidus (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Blennius Cadenat [J.] 1951:272 [Initiations Africaines. III. Poissons de mer du Sénégal; ref. 12676] Senegal. No types known. •Synonym of Lipophrys velifer (Norman 1935) -- (Bath 1990:908 [ref. 19373], Bath & Wirtz 1992:272 [ref. 19831], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). •Synonym of Microlipophrys velifer (Norman 1935). Current status: Synonym of Microlipophrys velifer (Norman 1935). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Petroscirtes Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1855:440 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1855; ref. 3449] Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Syntypes: ZMB 1940 (2). Also described as new in Peters 1855:249 [ref. 13448]. •Valid as Omobranchus elongatus (Peters 1855) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Smith-Vaniz 1976:148 [ref. 4144], Springer 1981:700 [ref. 8545], Springer 1986:750 [ref. 5719], Winterbottom et al. 1989:61 [ref. 13251], Aizawa & Senou 1992:2 [ref. 24315], Kottelat et al. 1993:129 [ref. 23448], Randall 1995:319 [ref. 22896], Anderson et al. 1998:26 [ref. 23611], Fricke 1999:487 [ref. 24106], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1113 [ref. 25182], Sakai et al. 2001:105 [ref. 25693], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1113 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Hoese & Bray 2006:1556 [ref. 29000], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:250 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2011:575 [ref. 31520], Allen & Erdmann 2012:784 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2018:313 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus elongatus (Peters 1855). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia; invasive in Hawaii and Guam. Habitat: brackish, marine.

emarginatus, Blennius Günther [A.] 1861:224 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] No locality. Syntypes: (5) BMNH 1846.9.11.82 (1), 1846.9.11.85 (1). Type locality is Pakistan according to Randall 1995:323 [ref. 22896]. •Valid as Scartella emarginata (Günther 1861) -- (Springer 1986:754 [ref. 5719], Shen et al. 1986:6 [ref. 13821], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:232 [ref. 24016], Randall 1995:323 [ref. 22896], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Nakabo 2000:1091 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:233 [ref. 25480], Nakabo 2002:1091 [ref. 26193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Rangel & Mendes 2009:52 [ref. 30055], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:204 [ref. 36242], Zajonz et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36871] as cf. emarginata). Current status: Valid as Scartella emarginata (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa east to southeastern Asia. Habitat: marine.

enosimae, Scartichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1902:460, Fig. 9 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 25 (no. 1293); ref. 2516] Misaki, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan; Enoshima, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 7068. Paratypes: USNM 50297 (2, not 1). Additional material: CAS-SU 7105 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:94 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:7 [ref. 18888]. Types: Shinohara & Williams 2006:562[ref. 31656]. •Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Istiblennius enosimae (Jordan & Snyder 1902) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:31 [ref. 7348], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:299 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1101 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1101 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:387, 650 [ref. 26218], Motomura et al. 2010:193 [ref. 31256], Motomura et al. 2015:28 [ref. 34709]). Current status: Valid as Istiblennius enosimae (Jordan & Snyder 1902). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

epalzeocheilos, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1859:344 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 19; ref. 368] Karangbollong [Karang-Bollong Bay, on northeastern tip of Nusa Kambangan Island, 4.5 kilometers southeast to Cilacap, Jawa Tengah Province, Java, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean, ca. 7°45'34''S, 109°02'32''E]. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Entomacrodus epalzeocheilos (Bleeker 1859) -- (Springer 1967:61 [ref. 18947], Springer 1972:10 [ref. 7647] as epalzeocheilus, Springer 1986:746 [ref. 5719] as epalzeocheilus, Shen et al. 1986:30 [ref. 13821] as epalzeocheilus, Goren & Dor 1994:59 [ref. 25356] as epalzeocheilus, Fricke 1999:479 [ref. 24106], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290] as epalzeocheilus, Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830] as epalzeocheilus, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377] as epalzeocheilus, Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:492 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2009:95 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Williams & Bogorodsky 2010:64 [ref. 30822], Allen & Erdmann 2012:822 [ref. 31980], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:117 [ref. 36167], Fricke et al. 2018:310 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus epalzeocheilos (Bleeker 1859). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: South and East Africa, Comoros, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Easter Island, north to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands, south to Kermadec Islands and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

eques, Salarias Steindachner [F.] 1898:307, Pl. 19 (figs. 5-5a) [Zoologische Jahrbücher. Jena, Supplementband v. 4; ref. 4238] Cavancha at Iquique, Chile. Holotype (unique): ZMB 15658. •Synonym of Scartichthys gigas (Steindachner 1876) -- (Williams 1990:24 [ref. 13549]). Current status: Synonym of Scartichthys gigas (Steindachner 1876). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

erdmanni, Meiacanthus Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Allen [G. R.] 2011:47, Figs. 12-13 [Zootaxa No. 3046; ref. 31543] Cenderawasih Bay, patch reef north of Tridacna Atoll, 2°25.830'S, 134°54.409'E, West Papua Province, Indonesia, depth 65 meters. Holotype (unique): MZB 20023. •Valid as Meiacanthus erdmanni Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:790 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus erdmanni Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua Province, Indonesia [one specimen]. Habitat: marine.

eretes, Petroscirtes Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:801, Fig. 19 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 28 (no. 1407); ref. 2495] Bais, Negros Oriental Province, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 51949. Paratypes: MCZ 35987 [ex USNM 51949] (1), CAS-SU 9132 (2), USNM 210617 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:93 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:8 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Petroscirtes variabilis Cantor 1849 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:44 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes variabilis Cantor 1849. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

erythraeus, Ophioblennius Fowler [H. W.] 1944:251, 308, Fig. 253 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Santelmo Bay, Rey Island, Perlas Islands, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype: ANSP 69997. Paratypes: ANSP 69998-70023 (25). Additional material: (7). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Ophioblennius steindachneri Jordan & Evermann 1898. Current status: Synonym of Ophioblennius steindachneri Jordan & Evermann 1898. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

erythrocephalus, Blennius Risso [A.] 1820:252 [Journal de Physique, de Chimie et d'Histoire Naturelle v. 91; ref. 18636] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:15 [ref. 20734]. In 1826 [ref. 3757] Risso spelled erithrocephalus in text and erythrocephalus on plate; first reviser not researched. •Synonym of Blennius pavo Risso 1810 -- (Bath 1973:522 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Salaria pavo (Risso 1810) -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687] as erithrocephalus). Current status: Synonym of Salaria pavo (Risso 1810). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

euskalherriensis, Blennius pilicornis Motos [L.] & Ibañez [M.] 1977:231, Pl. 1 [Munibe v. 29 (no. 3-4); ref. 7269] Aiztxuri, Zumaya, Bay of Biscay. Syntypes: (5). •Synonym of Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Bath 1990:910 [ref. 19373]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

evermanni, Alticus Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:422 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51789. Paratypes: BPBM 5322 [ex USNM 51789] (2); CAS-SU 8689 (9); MCZ 35980 [ex USNM 51789] (1); USNM 52308 (4), 126334 (4), 126602 (3), ?292586 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:91 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:8 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Blenniella chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:78 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

ewaensis, Petroscirtes Brock [V. E.] 1948:125, Fig. [Pacific Science v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 13000] Off Ewa Beach, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 30 feet. Holotype (unique): USNM 133821. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:8 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Petroscirtes ewaensis Brock 1948 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:136 [ref. 4144]). •Valid as Plagiotremus ewaensis (Brock 1948) -- (Myers 1999:220 [ref. 23965], Randall 2005:500 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:466 [ref. 28379], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Randall 2007:376 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Plagiotremus ewaensis (Brock 1948). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

expansa, Andamia Blyth [E.] 1858:271 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 476] Port Blair, Andaman Islands. Syntypes and/or Blyth specimens: ?AMS B.8355 (1), BMNH 1924.3.7.3 [ex ZSI] (1). •In genus Andamia -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:56 [ref. 4145]). •Valid as Andamia expansa Blyth 1858 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Andamia expansa Blyth 1858. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Andaman Islands. Habitat: marine.

exstochilus, Hypsoblennius Böhlke [J. E.] 1959:1, Fig. 1 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 321; ref. 11980] South shore of western tip of Treasure Island (Salt Cay), Bahamas, 25°06'14"N, 77°18'46"W. Holotype: ANSP 87107. Paratypes: ANSP 87108 (3), 90307 (1), 101976 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Hypsoblennius exstochilus Böhlke 1959 -- (Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Bath 2000:176 [ref. 25102], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:72 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Hypsoblennius exstochilus Böhlke 1959. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

fabbri, Blennius Nichols [J. T.] 1910:161 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 28 (art. 16); ref. 14795] Miami, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): AMNH 2537. •Synonym of Chasmodes saburrae Jordan & Gilbert 1882, or of Chasmodes bosquianus (Lacepède 1800) -- (Springer 1959:329 [ref. 22248]). •Synonym of Chasmodes saburrae Jordan & Gilbert 1882 -- (Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Javonillo & Harold 2010:11 [ref. 30906]). Current status: Synonym of Chasmodes saburrae Jordan & Gilbert 1882. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fallax, Petroscirtes (Dasson) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1976:42, Figs. 13, 113 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 19; ref. 4144] One Tree Island, Capricorn Group, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: USNM 201365. Paratypes: AMS I.11418 (1), I.7188 (1), IA.1788 (1), IA.6179 (2); IB.3970 (1); IB.4318-19 (4), IB.6062 (1), IB.6200 (9); BMNH 1933.8.12.45 (1); QM I.10205-06 (2); USNM 201797-99 (3, 3, 4), 201800 (6, 2 c&s), 201801-03 (1, 1, 1), 205290 (1), 205425 (1), 205643 (12). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:8 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Petroscirtes fallax Smith-Vaniz 1976 -- (Randall et al. 1990:370 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:338 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:328 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:370 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:746 [ref. 25471], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Smith-Vaniz 2005:34 [ref. 28343], Hoese & Bray 2006:1561 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Petroscirtes fallax Smith-Vaniz 1976. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fasciata, Runula Fourmanoir [P.] 1971:496, Fig. 4 [Cahiers O. R. S. T. O. M. (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer) Série Océanographie v. 9 (no. 4); ref. 7673] South Pacific near Ocean Island, 2°51'S, 169°55'E. Holotype: MNHN 1973-0037. Paratypes: ANSP 124231 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Plagiotremus rhinorhynchos (Bleeker 1852) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:133 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Plagiotremus rhinorhynchos (Bleeker 1852). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Blennechis Jenyns [L.] 1841:84, Pl. 17 (figs. 1, 1a) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Concepción, Chile. Syntypes: BMNH 1917.7.14.58-59 (2). Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Blennius by Blennius fasciatus Bloch 1786. See account of Blennius riverosi Fowler 1951. •Objective synonym of Blennius riverosi Fowler 1951. •Synonym of Hypsoblennius sordidus (Bennett 1828) -- (Springer 1967:462 [ref. 30243], Smith-Vaniz 1976:148 [ref. 4144], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsoblennius sordidus (Bennett 1828). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Blennius Bloch [M. E.] 1786:110, Pl. 162 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 2; ref. 465] Pacific. Syntypes: ZMB 1942 (2). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:52 [ref. 24282]. On p. 91 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 5 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Dor 1984:232 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:298 [ref. 6441], Springer 1986:754 [ref. 5719], Shen et al. 1986:46 [ref. 13821], Allen & Swainston 1988:130 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:387 [ref. 15987], Bath & Patzner 1991:52 [ref. 19212], Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518], Bath 1992:234 [ref. 20222], Goren & Dor 1994:61 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:326 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:387 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:228 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:489 [ref. 24106], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1105 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:400 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1105 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:171 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:503 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1564 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:97 [ref. 30213], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:253 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:834 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:269 [ref. 32706], Koeda et al. 2016:16 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:315 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:142 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

fascigula, Blennius Barnard [K. H.] 1927:73 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 20 (no. 115) (art. 8); ref. 193] Coast of South Africa, no precise locality. Holotype (unique): SAM 17173. Also appeared as new in Barnard 1927:834 [ref. 194]. •Synonym of Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1108 [ref. 13677], Springer 1986:752 [ref. 5719], Bath 1990:909 [ref. 19373], Bath & Wirtz 1992:274 [ref. 19831], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:204 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

fasciolatoceps, Blennius Richardson [J.] 1846:265 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Macao. No types known. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:216, Pl. 25c [ref. 11606]). Originally as Blennius? fasciolatoceps. •Valid as Omobranchus fasciolatoceps (Richardson 1846) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:33 [ref. 6083], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:296 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:86 [ref. 21281], Shen et al. 1986:7 [ref. 13821], Sato et al. 1998:40 [ref. 24972], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1112 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:228 [ref. 25480], Nakabo 2002:1112 [ref. 26193], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Kobayashi et al. 2018:196 [ref. 36507]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus fasciolatoceps (Richardson 1846). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern China north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

fasciolatus, Blennechis Valenciennes [A.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:287 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Naval Base at Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Neotype: USNM 204487. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:8 [ref. 20734], Springer et al. 1991:8 [ref. 18888]. Neotype designated by Springer & Gomon 1975:9, 37 [ref. 6083]; original locality Etheopia. •Valid as Omobranchus fasciolatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:34 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:148 [ref. 4144], Dor 1984:225 [ref. 29757], Springer 1986:750 [ref. 5719], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:319 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:210 [ref. 23922], Fricke 1999:487 [ref. 24106], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Hastings & Springer 2009:72 [ref. 30395], Fricke et al. 2009:96 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Fricke et al. 2018:313 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:141 [ref. 36273], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:205 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus fasciolatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Madagascar and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

fasciolatus, Omobranchus Ehrenberg [C. G.] in Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:287 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Not available; mentioned in the account which Valenciennes named Blennechis fasciolatus. Also appeared in Hemprich & Ehrenberg 1899:9, Pl. 9 [ref. 4977], the latter possibly available. Blenniidae: Blenniinae.

fasciolatus, Petroscirtes Macleay [W.] 1881:8 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 6 (pt 1); ref. 4931] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Lectotype: AMS I.16412-002 [ex MAMU F1038]. Paralectotypes: AMS I.16412-001 [ex MAMU F1038] (11). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Omobranchus by Blennechis fasciolatus Valenciennes 1836. •Synonym of Omobranchus macleayi (Ogilby 1887) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:63 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:148 [ref. 4144], Hoese & Bray 2006:1558 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

favosus, Blennius Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1882:416 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 297); ref. 1840] Garden Key, Dry Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 2629. Paralectotypes: USNM 2629 (1 of 2). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:9 [ref. 18888] as syntypes. Lectotype established (as figured specimen) in caption to Pl. 338, p. 3302 in Jordan & Evermann 1900 [ref. 2446] if figured specimen is identifiable. •Synonym of Parablennius marmoreus (Poey 1876) -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius marmoreus (Poey 1876). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

feliciana, Petroscirtes Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1942:112 [Copeia 1942 (no. 2); ref. 13208] Mangrove swamp beside Fishery Station at Cagayan, Oriental Misamis Province, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype: CAS-SU 36671. Paratypes: CAS-SU 36672 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:93 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Omobranchus kranjiensis (Herre 1940) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus ferox (Herre 1927) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:148 [ref. 4144], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus ferox (Herre 1927). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

fernandezensis, Ophioblennius Clark [H. W.] 1938:184 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 22 (no. 7); ref. 12316] San Juan Bautista (Cumberland) Bay, Juan Fernández Islands. Holotype: CAS 5557. Paratypes: CAS 5558 (1, apparently to USNM), 5559-64 (6); USNM 120027 [ex CAS 5558-5564] (1, not found in 1980). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:9 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Scartichthys fernandezensis (Clark 1938) -- (Pequeño 1989:66 [ref. 14125], Pequeño & Sáez 2000:33 [ref. 24590]). •Synonym of Scartichthys variolatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Williams 1990:26 [ref. 13549], Dyer & Westneat 2010:610 [ref. 31446]). Current status: Synonym of Scartichthys variolatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

ferox, Ophioblennius Beebe [W.] & Tee-Van [J.] 1928:242, Fig. [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 15836] Near Bizoton, Port-au-Prince Bay, Haiti, West Indies. Holotype: USNM 170901 [ex NYZS 7152]. Paratypes: USNM 170902 [ex NYZS 7152a] (2). Type catalog: Mead 1958:132 [ref. 20648], Springer et al. 1991:9 [ref. 18888]. •In genus Ophioblennius -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:56 [ref. 4145]). •Synonym of Ophioblenius macclurei (Silvester 1915) -- on advice of Victor Springer, 2 Feb. 2015. Current status: Synonym of Ophioblennius macclurei (Silvester 1915). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

ferox, Petroscirtes Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:277, Pl. 3 (figs. 2-3) [Philippine Journal of Science v. 34 (no. 3); ref. 2103] Lake Bombon [Lake Taal, Batangas Province, Luzon], Philippines. Neotype: CAS-SU 67264. Original syntypes: BSMP (60) presumed destroyed. Neotype designated by Springer & Gomon 1975:40 [ref. 6083]. •Valid as Omobranchus ferox (Herre 1927) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:34 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:148 [ref. 4144], Springer 1981:700 [ref. 8545], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:296 [ref. 6441], Springer 1986:751 [ref. 5719], Allen & Swainston 1988:128 [ref. 25477], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:651 [ref. 25598], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:913 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:129 [ref. 23448], Allen 1997:206 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:366 [ref. 23967], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1113 [ref. 25182], Sakai et al. 2001:105 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1113 [ref. 26193], Mundy 2005:465 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Bray 2006:1556 [ref. 29000], Randall 2007:378 [ref. 30952], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2011:575 [ref. 31520], Allen & Erdmann 2012:784 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:180 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:182 [ref. 34464], Gibbs et al. 2018:274 [ref. 35724]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus ferox (Herre 1927). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa and India to Australia, north to Taiwan, throughout the East Indian region; invasive in Hawaiian Islands and continental United States. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fidelis, Blennius Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 119 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] An available overlooked name. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

fijiensis, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:90, Pl. 12 (fig. 3); Fig. 47 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Fore-reef north of Alacrity Passage, leeward Great Astrolabe Reef, Kadavu Island, Fiji Islands, depth 3-6 meters. Holotype: USNM 211285. Paratypes: AMS I.18354-112 (6); ANSP 128013-14 (4, 1); ROM 50029 (7), 50031 (16), 50037 (15); USNM 210562 (1), 214521 (1), 231668 (1), 236009-11 (3, 11, 13), 236015 (1), 279472 (1). Additional material: ROM 50027-28 (1, 1), 50030 (1), 50032-36 (1, 6, 4, 3, 6), 50038 (5); USNM 236008 (9), 236012-14 (2, 2, 8), 236972 (40). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:9 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius fijiensis Springer 1988 -- (Springer & Randall 1999:44 [ref. 24274], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Springer 2002:3 [ref. 26322], Randall 2005:488 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius fijiensis Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Fiji Islands. Habitat: marine.

filamentosus, Blennechis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:280, Pl. 326 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Humboldt Bay, New Guinea. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2046. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:7 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Aspidontus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard 1834 -- (Dor 1984:223 [ref. 29757], Smith-Vaniz 1976:57 [ref. 4144], Randall 2005:482 [ref. 28239]). •Synonym of Aspidontus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard 1834 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Randall 1973:1 [ref. 30006]). Current status: Synonym of Aspidontus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard 1834. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

filamentosus, Salarias Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:337, Pl. 14 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16408-001 [ex MAMU F1035]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. •Valid as Cirripectes filamentosus (Alleyne & Macleay 1877) -- (Shen et al. 1986:14 [ref. 13821], Williams 1988:33 [ref. 7000], Allen & Swainston 1988:130 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:377 [ref. 15987], Bath & Patzner 1991:37 [ref. 19212], Williams 1993:61 [ref. 21007], Goren & Dor 1994:59 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:315 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:209 [ref. 23922], Randall et al. 1997:376 [ref. 25919], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:632 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:225 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:116 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:346 [ref. 28867], Hoese & Bray 2006:1545 [ref. 29000], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:247 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:191 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:806 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:269 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:179 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:148 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:309 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:138 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:107 [ref. 36871] as cf. filamentosus). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes filamentosus (Alleyne & Macleay 1877). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southern Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Seychelles, Madagascar and Saint Brandon's Shoals east to Philippines and Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

filicornis, Blennius Günther [A.] 1861:216 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Incorrect subsequent spelling of Blennius pilicornis Cuvier 1829. •In the synonymy of Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829). Blenniidae: Salariinae.

fissicornis, Blennius Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:251 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Rio de Janeiro Bay, Brazil. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-0734 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:10-11 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Hypleurochilus fissicornis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Bath 1994:73 [ref. 21627], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Santos et al. 1997:130 [ref. 23531], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1646 [ref. 25634], López et al. 2002:65 [ref. 26808] as Hypleurochylus fissicormis, Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:96 [ref. 27192], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Pinheiro et al. 2013:95 [ref. 32885], Nión et al. 2016:52 [ref. 35565], Spier et al. 2018:15 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:5 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Hypleurochilus fissicornis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: central Brazil south to Uruguay. Habitat: marine.

flavipes, Enchelyurus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1868:268 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1868; ref. 3442] Singapore. Syntypes: ZMB 5193 (2). •Valid as Enchelyurus flavipes Peters 1868 -- (Springer 1972:6 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:78 [ref. 6083], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:783 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Enchelyurus flavipes Peters 1868. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Singapore, Indonesia and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

flaviumbrinus, Salaris Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1830:113 [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Al Muwaylih, Tabuk Province, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1893. Paralectotypes: SMF 8053-56 (4). Original genus should have been Salarias. Lectotype established by Dor 1984:230 [ref. 29757] if not selected earlier. Also as flavoumbrinus by authors. •Valid as Istiblennius flaviumbrinus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:230 [ref. 29757], Springer 1986:748 [ref. 5719], Springer & Williams 1994:158 [ref. 21878], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:318 [ref. 22896], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Fricke et al. 2018:392 [ref. 36107], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:140 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Istiblennius flaviumbrinus (Rüppell 1830). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

flavus, Plagiotremus laudandus Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1976:130, Fig. 165 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 19; ref. 4144] Wailangilala Island, 16°45'S, 179°07'W, Fiji Islands, western Pacific, Vega cruise 7, station 295. Holotype: USNM 201676. Paratypes: ANSP 128024 (5); BPBM 11343 (1), 11393 (1); USNM 201452 (1), 207577 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621], Springer et al. 1991:9 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Plagiotremus laudandus (Whitley 1961), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Randall et al. 1990:372 [ref. 15987], Myers 1999:219 [ref. 23965], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:500 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Plagiotremus flavus Smith-Vaniz 1976 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:7 [ref. 31156]). Current status: Valid as Plagiotremus flavus Smith-Vaniz 1976. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: South Pacific: Fiji and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

fluctatus, Salarias Fowler [H. W.] 1945:70, Figs. 15-16 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 97; ref. 13142] Saipan Island, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): ANSP 71603. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

fluctuans, Petroscirtes Weber [M.] 1909:146 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 31 (note 4); ref. 4600] Western coast of Gebe Island, Fau Island, Banda Sea, Indonesia, Siboga station 149. Lectotype: ZMA 109338. Paralectotypes: ZMA 109339-40 (1, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:94 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Smith-Vaniz 1976:64 [ref. 4144]. •Synonym of Aspidontus dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:63 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Aspidontus dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

fluviatilis, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:31 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:10 [ref. 3595]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Blennius fluviatilis Asso 1801. •Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801) -- (Kottelat 1997:175 [ref. 22952], Bath 2003:97 [ref. 27343]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fluviatilis, Blennius Asso y del Rio [I. J. de] 1801:31 [Anales de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid. v. 4 (no. 10); ref. 6523] Ebro River, Zaragoza, Spain. No types known. Appears first with a scientific name in Asso 1784:10, 22 [ref. 19940] but regarded as binomial nomenclature (see Kottelat 1997:175 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Blennius fluviatilis Asso y del Rio 1801 -- (Goren 1974:101 [ref. 7502]). •Valid as Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801) -- (Bath 1986:356 [ref. 6217], Krupp & Schneider 1989:406 [ref. 13651], Poll & Gosse 1995:119 [ref. 24781], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:185 [ref. 23079], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Bianco et al. 1996:56 [ref. 26724], Kottelat 1997:175 [ref. 22952], Perdices et al. 2000:727 [ref. 24587], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366], Bath 2003:97 [ref. 27343], Kottelat 2004:121 [ref. 27669], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Fricke et al. 2007:99 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:547 [ref. 29996], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Doadrio et al. 2012:152 [ref. 31858], Barbieri et al. 2015:105 [ref. 35029] with author as Asso, Çiçek et al. 2015:152 [ref. 35151] with author as Assoy del Rio). Current status: Valid as Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea watersheds. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

forsteri, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:315 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Huaheine, Society Islands. Lectotype: ZMB 1942 (largest specimen of 2). Paralectotypes: ZMB 1942 (1 of 2, smaller specimen). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:35 [ref. 20734]. Lectotype selected by Springer & Williams 1994:121 [ref. 21878]. •Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:131 [ref. 21878], Randall 2005:495 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fourmanoiri, Ecsenius (Ecsenius) Springer [V. G.] 1972:5, Fig. 2 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 134; ref. 7647] Barrier reef off Nouméa, 1 kilometer northwest of Dumbea Pass, New Caledonia, Pacific, depth 15.1-18.3 meters. Holotype: BPBM 11416. Paratypes: MNHN 1971-0134 (2); USNM 206456 [ex BPBM 11416] (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:9 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius fourmanoiri Springer 1972 -- (Springer 1988:93 [ref. 6804], Springer 1991:105 [ref. 18995], Springer & Randall 1999:44 [ref. 24274], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:398 [ref. 25191], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:489 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1547 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius fourmanoiri Springer 1972. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fourmanoiri, Salarias Whitley [G. P.] 1970:245 [Australian Zoologist v. 15 (pt 3); ref. 6601] Domoni, Anjouan Island, Comoro Islands. No types known. Replacement name for Salarias nitidus Fourmanoir 1955, preoccupied by Salarias nitidus Günther 1861. •Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786) -- (on advice of Victor Springer, 5 Feb. 2015). Current status: Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

fowleri, Salarias Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1936:364, Pl. 2 (fig. 7) [Philippine Journal of Science v. 59 (no. 3); ref. 5609] Tide pool at Dumaguete, Oriental Negros, Philipppines. Holotype: CAS-SU 30971. Paratypes: (9) CAS-SU 69720 [ex CAS-SU 30971] (6), USNM 203763 [ex CAS-SU 30971] (1, c&s). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:94 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:9 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Litobranchus fowleri (Herre 1936) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:27 [ref. 4145], Myers 1999:228 [ref. 23965], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830] dating to 1926, Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:828 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Litobranchus fowleri (Herre 1936). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: West Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines and Palau. Habitat: marine.

foxi, Blennius Fowler [H. W.] 1914:344, Fig. [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 66; ref. 14151] Sea Isle City, Cape May County, New Jersey, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 39440. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Hypleurochilus geminatus (Wood 1825) -- (Bath 1994:61 [ref. 21627], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Hypleurochilus geminatus (Wood 1825). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

fraenatus, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:342 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Malabar coast, India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-0996 (8). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:27 [ref. 20734] as froenatus. •Synonym of Entomacrodus striatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1967:73 [ref. 18947]). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus striatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

fraseri, Dodekablennos Springer [V. G.] & Spreitzer [A. E.] 1978:11, Fig. 5 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 268; ref. 4181] Tide pool on eastern side of Jacotet Bay, 2.8 kilometers west of Riambel, Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 0-0.6 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 858. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 859 (1), 860 (1, c&s), 2272 (1); USNM 216423 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:9 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Dodekablennos fraseri Springer & Spreitzer 1978 -- (Fricke 1999:477 [ref. 24106], Fricke et al. 2009:95 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Dodekablennos fraseri Springer & Spreitzer 1978. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Réunion and Mauritius (western Mascarenes endemic). Habitat: marine.

fraseri, Meiacanthus (Meiacanthus) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1976:98, Fig. 149 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 19; ref. 4144] St. Brandon Shoals, western Indian Ocean, depth 4.5-9 meters. Holotype: USNM 215434. Paratypes: AMNH 35887 (2); AMS I.18806-001 (2); ANSP 134465 (4); BPBM 20011 (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI 74-309] 81077 (1); USNM 215435-36 (5, 5), 215438 (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621], Springer et al. 1991:9 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Meiacanthus fraseri Smith-Vaniz 1976 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1987:9 [ref. 6404], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:33 [ref. 26213], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus fraseri Smith-Vaniz 1976. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

frater, Blennius Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:171 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Zaragoza. No types known. Based on Asso 1784:95, Pl. 6 (fig. 2) [ref. 19940]. Kottelat serves as first reviser selecting Blennius fluviatilis Asso 1801 over Blennius frater Bloch & Schneider 1801. •Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801) -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Kottelat 1997:175 [ref. 22952], Bath 2003:97 [ref. 27343], Kottelat 2004:130 [ref. 27669]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

frondiculus, Alloblennius Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Allen [G. R.] 2012:62, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 3199; ref. 31806] South Cinque Island, southwestern coast, 11°16'N, 92°41'E, Andaman Islands, northeastern Indian Ocean, depth 0-3 meters. Holotype (unique): WAM P.33265-004. Name treated as a noun in apposition. •Valid as Alloblennius frondiculus Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:799 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Alloblennius frondiculus Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2012. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Northeastern Indian Ocean: Andaman Islands (type). Habitat: marine.

frontalis, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:328 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: ZMB 1947 (5) poor condition. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:35 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Ecsenius frontalis (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1971:14 [ref. 7707], Dor 1984:229 [ref. 29757], Springer 1988:41 [ref. 6804], Goren & Dor 1994:59 [ref. 25356], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:139 [ref. 36273], Allen et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36633], Zajonz et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius frontalis (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Socotra. Habitat: marine.

fronto, Salarias Günther [A.] 1861:255 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Molucca Sea. Lectotype: BMNH 1845.6.22.196. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1845.6.22.204 (1) Moluccas. Lectotype selected by Springer & Williams 1994:23 [ref. 21878]. •Synonym of Blenniella cyanostigma (Bleeker 1849) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:30 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella cyanostigma (Bleeker 1849). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

fucorum, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:263, Pl. 324 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] About 240 miles south of Azores, northeastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0736. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:11 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Parablennius fucorum (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1990:908 [ref. 19373]). •Synonym of Hypleurochilus fissicornis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Bath 1994:73 [ref. 21627], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Santos et al. 1997:130 [ref. 23531]). Current status: Synonym of Hypleurochilus fissicornis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

furcatus, Salarias Johnstone [J.] 1904:213, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Ceylon Pearl Oyster Fisheries, Supple. Rept. No. 15; ref. 15187] Chilaw Paar, Gulf of Manaar, Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salarias furcatus De Vis 1884. •Synonym of Ecsenius bicolor (Day 1888) -- (Springer 1971:25 [ref. 7707], Springer 1988:44 [ref. 6804], Bath & Patzner 1991:41 [ref. 19212]). Current status: Synonym of Ecsenius bicolor (Day 1888). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

furcatus, Salarias De Vis [C. W.] 1884:696 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] St. Helena Island, Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.114. •Valid as Omobranchus furcatus (De Vis 1884) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:63 [ref. 6083], Hoese & Bray 2006:1558 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

furcocaudalis, Lembeichthys Li [S.-C.] 1957:227 [English p. 229], Pl. 1 [Acta Zoologica Sinica v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 12119] Chieh-shih [= Kitchioh], Kwangtung Province, China, South China Sea. Holotype: ASZIB [now NZMC] 29936. Paratypes: ASZIB [now NZMC] 56826-28 [56-4444, 56-4422. 56-4425]; 30796 (1), 35128 (1), 35133-34 (2); Mar. Biol Inst. Academia Sinica 56-4431 (1). Type catalog: Zhang 1996:502 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33808]. •Synonym of Plagiotremus spilistius Gill 1865 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:123 [ref. 4144], Ye et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33808]). Current status: Synonym of Plagiotremus spilistius Gill 1865. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

furtivus, Salarias De Vis [C. W.] 1885:60 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 17386] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Lectotype: AMS I.16728-001. Paralectotypes: AMS I.383 (1), I.384 (4). Lectotype selected by Springer & Gomon 1975:63 [ref. 6083]. •Mention in Omobranchus -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:63 [ref. 6083], Hoese & Bray 2006:1558 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

furvus, Salarias De Vis [C. W.] 1884:696 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Queensland coast, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.225. •Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518], Hoese & Bray 2006:1564 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

fuscoguttatus, Cirripectus Strasburg [D. W.] & Schultz [L. P.] 1953:130, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 43 (no. 4); ref. 12719] Rongerik Atoll, Eniwetak Island, central Pacific. Holotype: USNM 113634. Paratypes: BPBM 14199 (2); SMF 17487 (2); USNM 115497-98 (1, 5), 142102-05 (10, 16, 35, 1), 142106 (12, now 11), 164960 (2), USNM uncat. S-46-51 (5), S-46-94 (9), S-46-442 (1), S-46-483 (2), S-46-533 (2), S-46-187 (1), S-1019 (2). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:9 [ref. 18888]. Original genus should have been Cirripectes. •Valid as Cirripectes fuscoguttatus Strasburg & Schultz 1953 -- (Shen et al. 1986:12 [ref. 13821], Williams 1988:38 [ref. 7000], Myers 1999:223 [ref. 23965], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:632 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:485 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:346 [ref. 28867], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes fuscoguttatus Strasburg & Schultz 1953. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fuscus, Salarias Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:135, Pl. 32 (fig. 2) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1892. Paralectotypes: SMF 8521 (1). Lectotype established by Dor 1984:228 [ref. 29757]. •Valid as Atrosalarias fuscus (Rüppell 1838) -- (Springer & Smith-Vaniz 1968:2 [ref. 36386], Dor 1984:227 [ref. 29757], Randall et al. 1990:376 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:59 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:206 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:376 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:222 [ref. 23965], Suzuki & Senou 1999:259 [ref. 24047], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:632 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:116 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830] dating to 1835, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377] as a subspecies, Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:482 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1543 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:8 [ref. 31156], mamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:246 [ref. 31162], Allen & Erdmann 2012:801 [ref. 31980] with 2 subspecies, Larson et al. 2013:179 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2018:307 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:138 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Atrosalarias fuscus (Rüppell 1838). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indian Ocean: East Africa and Socotra east to Nicobar Islands and western Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

galea, Blennius Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:xix [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Not available, name only; from Malta; not an independent species description, but a spelling error for Blennius galerita Linnaeus -- (Fricke 2008:52 [ref. 30182]). •In the synonymy of Coryphoblennius galerita (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Fricke 2008:52 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphoblennius galerita (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae.

galeatus, Salarias De Vis [C. W.] 1884:147 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 17384] St. Helena, Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: ?AMS I.470 (1). •Synonym of Omobranchus anolius (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:20 [ref. 6083], Hoese & Bray 2006:1556 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus anolius (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

galerita, Blennius Linnaeus [C.] 1758:256 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European seas. No types known. See also Blennius coquillad Lacepède 1800, an unnecessary replacement name. •Valid as Coryphoblennius galerita (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bath 1973:526 [ref. 7212], Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1098 [ref. 13677], Bath 1990:906 [ref. 19373], Bath 1994:47 [ref. 22358], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Santos et al. 1997:99 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:105 [ref. 24952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:751 [ref. 24702], Gharred et al. 1998:102 [ref. 23486], Reshetnikov 1998:123 [ref. 23570], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:122 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S22 [ref. 28536], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Fricke et al. 2007:97 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:128 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:172 [ref. 31251], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:58 [ref. 36649], Levy et al. 2011:410 [ref. 31177], Parin et al. 2014:468 [ref. 33547], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Coryphoblennius galerita (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: English Channel south to Guinea, including Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

gallowayi, Semablennius Fowler [H. W.] 1954:2, Fig. 1 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 265; ref. 1466] Charlotte Harbor Bay, Punta Gorda, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 71971. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Lupinoblennius nicholsi (Tavolga 1954) -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:407 [ref. 24550]). Current status: Synonym of Lupinoblennius nicholsi (Tavolga 1954). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

gallus, Blennius Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 117 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy of Blennius pavo. Blenniidae.

garamit, Blennius Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:460, 508 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] [Alexandria & in Archipelago] Alexandria/Al-Iskandarīyah, Egypt, Mediterranean Sea; islands in the Aegean Sea, Greece. No types known. Unnecessary replacement name for Gadus salaria Forsskål 1775. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:86, 155 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. Not used as valid after 1899; therefore reversal of priority (according to ICZN Art. 23.9) in favor of Blennius basiliscus Valenciennes 1836. •Synonym of Salaria basilisca (Valenciennes 1836). Current status: Synonym of Salaria basilisca (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

garmani, Salarias Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:429, Fig. 107 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51792. Paratypes: CAS-SU 9019 (39). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:94 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:10 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

gattorugine, Blennius Linnaeus [C.] 1758:256 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Europe. Syntypes: NRM 4601 (1). Misspelled gattorugina by Sonnini 1803:82, 98 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Valid as Blennius gattorugine Linnaeus 1758 -- (Bath 1973:521 [ref. 7212] with wrong author). •Questionably the same as Parablennius gattorugine (of Brünnich 1768) -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). •Valid as Parablennius gattorugine with author Brünnich 1768 -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1106 [ref. 13677]). •Valid as Parablennius gattorugine (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Arruda 1997:107 [ref. 24952], Bath & Miroz 1997:3 [ref. 23456], Gharred et al. 1998:103 [ref. 23486], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:123 [ref. 26753], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Almada et al. 2005:520 [ref. 28599], Fricke et al. 2007:98 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:130 [ref. 30517], Almada et al. 2007:248 [ref. 30524], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:59 [ref. 36649], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius gattorugine (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern North Atlantic: English Channel south to Morocco. Habitat: marine.

gaudichaudi, Blennius (Queriblennius) Whitley [G. P.] 1933:93 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 4677] Shark Bay, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Replacement name for Blennius punctatus Quoy & Gaimard 1824, preoccupied by Blennius punctatus Fabricius 1780. •Incertae sedis in Blenniidae -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1566 [ref. 29000]). Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

geminatus, Blennius Wood [W. W.] 1825:278 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 4 (pt 2); ref. 17840] Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 10409. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Hypleurochilus geminatus (Wood 1825) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:231 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:160 [ref. 23239], Bath 1994:61 [ref. 21627], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:405 [ref. 24550], Schwartz 2000:15 [ref. 24409], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:166 [ref. 27754], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Nelson et al. 2004:166 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Pinheiro et al. 2013:95 [ref. 32885], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407]). Current status: Valid as Hypleurochilus geminatus (Wood 1825). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

geminatus, Meiacanthus (Meiacanthus) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1976:95, Fig. 143 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 19; ref. 4144] Darvel Bay, Palau Gaya, Borneo, Sulawesi Sea. Holotype: USNM 205286. Paratypes: USNM 208502 (1). Additional material: AMS IA.6002 (1), I.26855-001 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:10 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Meiacanthus geminatus Smith-Vaniz 1976 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1987:8 [ref. 6404], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:33 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011:45 [ref. 31543], Allen & Erdmann 2012:791 [ref. 31980], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2019:48 [ref. 36813]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus geminatus Smith-Vaniz 1976. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Northern Borneo and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

geminatus, Salarias Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:336, Pl. 13 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Torres Strait [Australia/Papua New Guinea]. Syntypes: AMS I.16416-001 [ex MAMU F1050] (2). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1986:356 [ref. 6217], Springer & Williams 1994:131 [ref. 21878], Hoese & Bray 2006:1551 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

gentilis, Blennius Girard [C. F.] 1854:149 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 5769] Monterey, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 489. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:10 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Hypsoblennius gentilis (Girard 1854) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:246 [ref. 9277], Allen & Robertson 1994:254 [ref. 22193], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:928 [ref. 22829], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:72 [ref. 24545], Bath 2000:176 [ref. 25102], Thomson et al. 2000:198 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:166 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:294 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Hypsoblennius gentilis (Girard 1854). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

germaini, Petroscirtes Sauvage [H.-E.] 1883:158 [15] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 7; ref. 3897] New Caledonia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-4891. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:22 [ref. 20734]. On p. 15 of separate. •Valid as Omobranchus germaini (Sauvage 1883) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:41 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:148 [ref. 4144], Springer 1981:701 [ref. 8545], Shen et al. 1986:9 [ref. 13821], Allen & Swainston 1988:128 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:375 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:206 [ref. 23977], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:229 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:498 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1556 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:784 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:180 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus germaini (Sauvage 1883). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Australia and New Caledonia to Taiwan and southern China; throughout most of the East Indian region. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gibbifrons, Cirripectus Smith [J. L. B.] 1947:815 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 13 (no. 108) (art. 77); ref. 4073] Inhaca Island, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 245. Original genus should have been Cirripectes. •Synonym of Cirripectes polyzona (Bleeker 1868) -- (Fukao 1984:113 [ref. 6726]). •Synonym of Cirripectes castaneus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1986:745 [ref. 5719], Williams 1988:27 [ref. 7000]). Current status: Synonym of Cirripectes castaneus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

gibbifrons, Salarias Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:253 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-4002. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:27-28 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Istiblennius gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:25 [ref. 4145], Springer 1986:748 [ref. 5719], Winterbottom et al. 1989:61 [ref. 13251]). •Valid as Blenniella gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:68 [ref. 21878], Myers 1999:222 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:473 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:25 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:1103 [ref. 25182], Randall & Earle 2000:18 [ref. 25806], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1103 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:75 [ref. 27576], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:484 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:460 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:379 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:94 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Fricke et al. 2013:268 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:148 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:308 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Blenniella gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: South and East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian, Marquesas and Ducie islands, north to Marcus and Midway islands, with a gap in the range around Indonesia, Philippines and northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

gibbosus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:31 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:10 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Salaria pavo (Risso 1810). Current status: Synonym of Salaria pavo (Risso 1810). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gigas, Salarias Steindachner [F.] 1876:220 [172] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Callao, Peru. Syntypes: (several) NMW 73438 (2). On p. 172 of separate. •Valid as Scartichthys gigas (Steindachner 1876) -- (Pequeño 1989:66 [ref. 14125], Williams 1990:24 [ref. 13549], Allen & Robertson 1994:254 [ref. 22193], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:930 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:250 [ref. 24555], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Scartichthys gigas (Steindachner 1876). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

gilberti, Cirripectes Williams [J. T.] 1988:41, Pl. 3 (figs. D-E); Figs. 14-15 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 17; ref. 7000] Off Achen Head, Sumatra, Pulo Boenta, Indonesia, 5°33'10"N, 95°9'30"E. Holotype: USNM 274749. Paratypes: ANSP 134747 (5); CAS 40379 (5); ROM 46597 (6); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 15299 (1), 26162 (1); USNM 227871-72 (3, 2); WAM P.29331-012 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:36 [ref. 19335], Springer et al. 1991:10 [ref. 18888], Moore et al. 2008:39 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Cirripectes gilberti Williams 1988 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:382 [ref. 28072], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:806 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes gilberti Williams 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Western Indian Ocean to Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

gilberti, Isesthes Jordan [D. S.] 1882:349 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 288); ref. 18343] Santa Barbara, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 31155 [publ. as 26916] (4, now 3), USNM 26917 (orig. 12, now 4). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:10 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Hypsoblennius gilberti (Jordan 1882) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:247 [ref. 9277], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:73 [ref. 24545], Bath 2000:176 [ref. 25102], Nelson et al. 2004:166 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:294 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Hypsoblennius gilberti (Jordan 1882). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

gilberti, Salarias Bryan [W. A.] & Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1903:135 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 15652] Marcus Island, western Pacific. Holotype: BPBM 2454 (1 of 2). Paratypes: ANSP 82152 (2), BPBM 2454 (1 of 2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:28 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

girad, Antennablennius Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1951:217, Fig. 4 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 4 (no. 39) (art. 21); ref. 12889] Henjam Island, Persian Gulf. Holotype: BMNH 1932.2.18.41. Paratypes: (17) BMNH 1932.2.18.42 (1), 1954.4.26.25-36 (8 of 12), 1954.4.26.37-50 (8 of 14). •Synonym of Antennablennius simonyi (Steindachner 1902) -- (Bath 1983:64 [ref. 5393], Randall 1995:314 [ref. 22896]). Current status: Synonym of Antennablennius simonyi (Steindachner 1902). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

gobioides, Blennius Forster [J. R.] in Lichtenstein 1844:283 [Descriptiones animalium quae in itinere ad Maris Australis; ref. 17531] Tanna Island [Vanuatu]. No types known. Lichtenstein (editor) treats as a synonym of "Blennius tridactylus Bl. S. p. 176" (in footnote, p. 283). Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •Synonym of Andamia amphibius (Walbaum 1792) -- (Randall & Wheeler 1991:761 [ref. 15994]). Current status: Synonym of Andamia amphibius (Walbaum 1792). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

gobioides, Blennius Forster [J. R.] 1795:14 [Zoologia Indica, sistens descriptiones animalium selectorum; ref. 18091] Not available, name only. Also objectively invalid; preoccupied by Blennius gobioides Rafinesque 1810. •In genus Alticus -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:56 [ref. 4145]). Current status: Synonym of Alticus. Blenniidae: Salariinae.

gobioides, Blennius Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:176 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Not available, manuscript name mentioned under account of Blennius tridactylus. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). Blenniidae.

gobioides, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:10, 51 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Salaria pavo (Risso 1810). Current status: Synonym of Salaria pavo (Risso 1810). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

goesii, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1859:19 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 6 (art. 2); ref. 14003] Doreh Bay [Doreh], off Manokwari, West Papua, Indonesia, New Guinea, ca. 0°53'25''S 134°05'29''E. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5659 [or 4659]. •Synonym of Paralticus amboinensis (Bleeker 1857) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:164 [ref. 21878], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Paralticus amboinensis (Bleeker 1857). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

gonocephalus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:10, 51 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Salaria pavo (Risso 1810) Current status: Synonym of Salaria pavo (Risso 1810). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

goreensis, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:255 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Gorée, Senegal. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6226. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:11 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Parablennius goreensis (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1990:909 [ref. 19373], Bath & Wirtz 1992:272 [ref. 19831], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius goreensis (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal. Habitat: marine.

gorrorensis, Petroscirtes Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1936:285 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 59 (no. 2); ref. 2125] Reefs surrounding Koror [Gorror], Palau Islands [Pelew Islands]. Holotype: CAS-SU 29102. Paratypes: CAS-SU 28234 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:93 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Aspidontus dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:63 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Aspidontus dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

goslinei, Runula Strasburg [D. W.] 1956:260, Fig. 4 [Pacific Science v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 12228] Pupukea, Waimea coast, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 164202. Paratypes: USNM 108503 (1), 164203-04 (1, 1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:10 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Plagiotremus goslinei (Strasburg 1956) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:144 [ref. 4144], Randall et al. 1990:373 [ref. 15987], Myers 1999:220 [ref. 23965], Randall 2005:501 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:466 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:377 [ref. 30952], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Plagiotremus goslinei (Strasburg 1956). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

grammistes, Blennechis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:284 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2082 [?2083]. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:7 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Meiacanthus grammistes (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:90 [ref. 4144], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:296 [ref. 6441], Shen et al. 1986:48 [ref. 13821], Smith-Vaniz 1987:21 [ref. 6404], Allen & Swainston 1988:128 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:369 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:206 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:369 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:218 [ref. 23965], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1116 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:227 [ref. 25480], Sakai et al. 2001:105 [ref. 25693], Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:32 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1116 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:169 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Hoese & Bray 2006:1554 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:194 [ref. 31256], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011:47 [ref. 31543], Allen & Erdmann 2012:791 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:180 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:151 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:85 [ref. 35333], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2019:48 [ref. 36813]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus grammistes (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Indian region, east to Caroline Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

grandicornis, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:258 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: MNHN A-1844 (2), A-1845 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:11 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Parablennius cornutus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1986:752 [ref. 5719], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:202 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius cornutus (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

graphicus, Blennius Risso [A.] 1820:251 [Journal de Physique, de Chimie et d'Histoire Naturelle v. 91; ref. 18636] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:15 [ref. 20734]. Also appeared in Risso 1827:234, Pl. 15 (fig. 44) [ref. 3757]. •Synonym of Blennius pavo Risso 1810 -- (Bath 1973:523 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Salaria pavo (Risso 1810) -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria pavo (Risso 1810). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gravieri, Salarias Pellegrin [J.] 1906:93 [5] [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 17932] [Baie de Tadjoura] Tadjourah, Djibouti, Gulf of Aden, northwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1904-0319. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:28 [ref. 20734]. On p. 5 of separate. •Valid as Ecsenius gravieri (Pellegrin 1906) -- (Springer 1971:22 [ref. 7707], Dor 1984:229 [ref. 29757], Springer 1988:28 [ref. 6804], Goren & Dor 1994:59 [ref. 25356], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:139 [ref. 36273], Allen et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36633]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius gravieri (Pellegrin 1906). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

griseus, Salarias De Vis [C. W.] 1884:450 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 4); ref. 1089] South Sea islands. Holotype (unique): QM I.76. •Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518], Hoese & Bray 2006:1564 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

guineensis, Blennius Cadenat [J.] 1951:309 [Initiations Africaines. III. Poissons de mer du Sénégal; ref. 12676] Not available, no distinguishing features; name and locality Guinée mentioned as sp. nov. in list. Blenniidae.

guttatus, Blennius cyclops var. Kossmann [R.] & Räuber [H.] 1877:402 [Verhandlungen des Naturhistorisch-Medizinischen Vereins zu Heidelberg. v. 1; ref. 18432] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: (7) NMW 78558 (1). Also in Kossmann & Räuber 1877:21 [ref. 14246]. •Synonym of Parablennius cyclops (Rüppell 1830) -- (Bath 1989:305 [ref. 13309], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Golani & Fricke 2018:141 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius cyclops (Rüppell 1830). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

guttatus, Petroscirtes Macleay [W.] 1881:9 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 6 (pt 1); ref. 4931] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16409-001 [ex MAMU F1037] (2). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Omobranchus anolius (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:20 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:149 [ref. 4144], Hoese & Bray 2006:1556 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus anolius (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

guttatus, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:308 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN A-2049 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:28 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Salarias guttatus Valenciennes 1836 -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518], Bath 1992:234 [ref. 20222], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:347 [ref. 28867], Hoese & Bray 2006:1564 [ref. 29000], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:253 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:834 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:153 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Salarias guttatus Valenciennes 1836. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea east to Philippines and Solomon Islands, north to Vietnam, south to Australia. Habitat: marine.

halticus, Salius Minding [J.] 1832:86 [Lehrbuch der Naturgeschichte der Fische; ref. 3022] Apparently just an alternate spelling for Salarias alticus from between the cliffs of New England and the South seas. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

harmandi, Salarias Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:218 [8] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 19970] Poulo Condor, Vietnam. Holotype: MNHN A-2146. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:28 [ref. 20734]. On p. 8 of separate. •Synonym of Salarias guttatus Valenciennes 1836 -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias guttatus Valenciennes 1836. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

hasseltii, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1851:257 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 16890] Java, Indonesia. Neotype: MNHN 0000-1396. Neotype designated by Springer & Williams 1994:98 [ref. 21878]. •Junior objective synonym of Istiblennius lineatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:98 [ref. 21878], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:199 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius lineatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

hawaiiensis, Ecsenius Chapman [W. M.] & Schultz [L. P.] 1952:526, Fig. 96 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 102 (3310); ref. 12643] Pearl Harbor, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands (from a drydock "hauled from Guam about a year ago and left standing"). Holotype: USNM 112293. Paratypes: USNM 112294 (12). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:10 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Ecsenius bicolor (Day 1888) -- (Springer 1971:26 [ref. 7707], Springer 1988:44 [ref. 6804], Bath & Patzner 1991:41 [ref. 19212], Mundy 2005:462 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Ecsenius bicolor (Day 1888). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

heemstraorum, Cirripectes Williams [J. T.] 2010:5, Figs. 1-3 [Smithiana, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin No. 12; ref. 30923] iSimangaliso Wetland Park, Cape Vidal, 28°09.660'S, 32°33.685'E, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 17 meters. Holotype: SAIAB 83624. Paratypes: SAIAB 83881 (1), USNM 396714 (1). •Valid as Cirripectes heemstraorum Williams 2010. Current status: Valid as Cirripectes heemstraorum Williams 2010. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

helenae, Salarias De Vis [C. W.] 1884:697 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] St. Helena Island, Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Lectotype: QM I.1361. Paralectotypes: AMS I.445 (5), I.12694 (2); QM I.109 (1), QM I.10330 [ex QM I.1361] (2). Lectotype selected by Springer & Gomon 1975:57 [ref. 6083]. •Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:53 [ref. 6083], Hoese & Bray 2006:1557 [ref. 29000], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

hendriksii, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1858:233 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 15 (no. 1); ref. 363] Western Belitung Island, Indonesia. Neotype: RMNH 4792 (largest spec.). Neotype designated by Springer & Williams 1994:43 [ref. 21878]; neotype is same specimen as lectotype of Blenniella bilitonensis (Bleeker 1858). •Absolute synonym of Blenniella bilitonensis (Bleeker 1858) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:43 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella bilitonensis (Bleeker 1858). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

hentz, Blennius Lesueur [C. A.] 1825:363 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 4 (pt 2); ref. 17521] Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. No types known. As Hypsoblemmius hentzi in Gill 1861:44 [ref. 1766]. •Valid as Hypsoblennius hentz (Lesueur 1825) -- (Scott & Scott 1988:402 [ref. 25518] as hentzi, McAllister 1990:175 [ref. 14674] as hentzi, Boschung 1992:160 [ref. 23239], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Murdy et al. 1997:223 [ref. 23144], Schwartz 2000:15 [ref. 24409], Bath 2000:176 [ref. 25102], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:166 [ref. 27754], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Nelson et al. 2004:166 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:633 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407]). Current status: Valid as Hypsoblennius hentz (Lesueur 1825). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

hentzi, Hypsoblennius Gill [T. N.] 1861:44 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 13 (Suppl.); ref. 1766] An unjustified emendation of Blennius hentz Lesueur 1825. •In the synonymy of Hypsoblennius hentz (Lesueur 1825). Current status: Synonym of Hypsoblennius hentz (Lesueur 1825). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

hepburni, Enchelyurus Snyder [J. O.] 1908:110 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 35 (no. 1635); ref. 4150] Naha, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: USNM 62247. Paratypes: CAS-SU 21112 (2), USNM 74554 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:92 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:11 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Parenchelyurus hepburni (Snyder 1908) -- (Springer 1972:12 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:79 [ref. 6083], Springer 1981:706 [ref. 8545], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:296 [ref. 6441], Shen et al. 1986:11 [ref. 13821], Winterbottom et al. 1989:61 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:375 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1997:375 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:220 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:487 [ref. 24106], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1111 [ref. 25182], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1111 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830] genus as Parenchlyurus, Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:499 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1560 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:786 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2018:314 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Parenchelyurus hepburni (Snyder 1908). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Marshall Islands, Wallis & Futuna and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

herklotsi, Chasmodes Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:288, Fig. [Hong Kong Naturalist v. 6 (nos 3-4); ref. 13700] South coast of Hong Kong. Holotype: CAS-SU 30970. Paratypes: CAS-SU 69722 [ex CAS-SU 30970] (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:92 [ref. 12291]. •Mention as not in Chasmodes -- (Springer 1959:321 [ref. 22248]). •Synonym of Omobranchus fasciolatoceps (Richardson 1846) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:33 [ref. 6083]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus fasciolatoceps (Richardson 1846). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

herlihyi, Petroscirtes Fowler [H. W.] 1946:183, Fig. 47 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 98; ref. 1456] Aguni Shima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: ANSP 72053. Paratypes: ANSP 72054-56 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:29 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Meiacanthus atrodorsalis (Günther 1877) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:101 [ref. 4144], Smith-Vaniz 1987:32 [ref. 6404]). Current status: Synonym of Meiacanthus atrodorsalis (Günther 1877). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

heteropterus, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1857:65 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands [Maluku], Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) RMNH 4779 (possibly 2 of 4). Bleeker specimens: AMS B.8352 (1). Bleeker's unpublished illustration reproduced in Boeseman 1983:v. 11, Pl. 446, fig. 6 [ref. 12564], Alticus heteropterus. •Valid as Andamia heteroptera (Bleeker 1857) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:800 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Andamia heteroptera (Bleeker 1857). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia east to Philippines, north to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

heuvelmansi, Lipophrys Charousset [F.] 1986:1, Figs. [Clin Oeil No. 13; ref. 20128] Zelena Laguna, near Porec, Istria, Croatia, Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). Holotype: not researched. Paratypes: MZL 21212 (1). •Synonym of Microlipophrys canevae (Vinciguerra 1880) -- (Tiralongo et al. 2015:97 [ref. 35855]). Current status: Synonym of Microlipophrys canevae (Vinciguerra 1880). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Adriatic Sea [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

heyligeri, Petroskirtes Bleeker [P.] 1859:340 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 16 (no. 3); ref. 13998] Mussi River, Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4451. Original genus should have been Petroscirtes. Spelled heyligersi by de Beaufort in Weber & de Beaufort 1951:374 [ref. 16097]. •Valid as Phenablennius heyligeri (Bleeker 1858) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1975:54 [ref. 7074], Smith-Vaniz 1976:149 [ref. 4144], Kottelat et al. 1993:130 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:246 [ref. 23210], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Hastings & Springer 2009:72 [ref. 30395] as heylegeri, Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Phenablennius heyligeri (Bleeker 1859). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hikkaduwensis, Omobranchus Bath [H.] 1983:26, Figs. 1-5 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 64 (nos 1/3); ref. 8374] Hikkaduwa, Sri Lanka. Holotype: SMF 17091. Paratypes: USNM 211092 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:11 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Omobranchus hikkaduwensis Bath 1983 -- (Patzner 1991:36 [ref. 19212], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus hikkaduwensis Bath 1983. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Sri Lanka and Bali. Habitat: marine.

histrionicus, Salarias Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:320 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Java, Indonesia. Name only, not available -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518]). •In genus Salarias -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:56 [ref. 4145]). Blenniidae: Salariinae.

holomelas, Salarias Günther [A.] 1872:399 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 10 (no. 59) (art. 56); ref. 18194] Cebu, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1842.10.18.108. •Synonym of Atrosalarias fuscus (Rüppell 1838), but a valid subspecies holomelas (Günther 1872) -- (Springer & Smith-Vaniz 1968:7 [ref. 36386], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:298 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:128 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:376 [ref. 15987], Myers 1999:222 [ref. 23965], Suzuki & Senou 1999:259 [ref. 24047], Suzuki et al. 1999:4 [ref. 24399], Nakabo 2000:1092 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1092 [ref. 26193], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:169 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:24 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:482 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:801 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Atrosalarias holomelas (Günther 1872) -- (Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:8 [ref. 31156], Fricke et al. 2014:147 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Atrosalarias holomelas (Günther 1872). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: eastern Indonesia east to Marshall and Society islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Shark Bay (Western Australia), southern Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

hosokawai, Atrosalarias Suzuki [T.] & Senou [H.] 1999:260, Figs. 1-4 [Ichthyological Research v. 46 (no. 3); ref. 24047] Nishikomi, Amami-Oshima Island, Setouchi Town, Oshima County, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: YCM-P 34441. Paratypes: KPM-NI 5088-89 (1, 1), 5090 (1, c&s); OMNH-P 8438-40 (1, 1, 1); USNM 205709 (1), 297584 (1), 297591 (1), 297594-95 (1, 1), 346891-92 (1, 1); YCM-P 34609 (1). Type catalog: Shibata et al. 2011:17 [ref. 31469]. •Valid as Atrosalarias hosokawai Suzuki & Senou 1999 -- (Suzuki at al. 1999:4 [ref. 24399], Nakabo 2000:1092 [ref. 25182], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1092 [ref. 26193], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Shibata et al. 2011:17 [ref. 31469], Allen & Erdmann 2012:801 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:147 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Atrosalarias hosokawai Suzuki & Senou 1999. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indonesia, western Pacific: Bali (Indonesia) east to Philippines, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

hutchinsi, Cirripectes Williams [J. T.] 1988:44, Pl. 3 (figs. F-H) [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 17; ref. 7000] Strickland Bay, Rottnest Island, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.25744-003. Paratypes: AMS I.20239-023 (2), I.20243-004 (1); USNM 273891 (2); WAM P.4647-001 (1), P.4652-001 (1), P.25317-002 (2), P.25374-042 (1), P.25744-005 (1), P.25758-010 (1), P.26072-003 (2), P.26626-001 (1), P.26657-009 (3). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:36 [ref. 19335], Springer et al. 1991:11 [ref. 18888], Moore et al. 2008:39 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Cirripectes hutchinsi Williams 1988 -- (Williams 1993:62 [ref. 21007], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1545 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes hutchinsi Williams 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

hyalinus, Salarias quadricornis var. Klunzinger [C. B.] 1871:487 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 21; ref. 2622] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Syntypes: ?ZMB 8084 (2). •In family Gobiidae -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:58 [ref. 4145]). •Synonym of Istiblennius rivulatus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:231 [ref. 29757]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius rivulatus (Rüppell 1830). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

hyena, Graviceps punctatus Whitley [G. P.] 1953:136, Fig. 2 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 4718] Palm Island, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.10715 [ex AMS IB.2889]. •Valid as Parenchelyurus hyena (Whitley 1953) -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 4178], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Hoese & Bray 2006:1560 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:786 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Parenchelyurus hyena (Whitley 1953). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Australia. Habitat: marine.

hypenetes, Blennius Klunzinger [C. B.] 1871:492 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 21; ref. 2622] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Syntypes: ZIN 2645 (1); ZMB 8024 (1), 10498 (1). •Valid as Antennablennius hypenetes (Klunzinger 1871) -- (Dor 1984:227 [ref. 29757], Randall et al. 1994:237 [ref. 21645], Goren & Dor 1994:58 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:313 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:208 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Golani & Fricke 2018:137 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Antennablennius hypenetes (Klunzinger 1871). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Oman, Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

hypselopterus, Petroskirtes Bleeker [P.] 1855:423 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 350] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3). Original genus should have been Petroscirtes. •Synonym of Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1830 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:32 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1830. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

icelii, Petroscirtes Ogilby [J. D.] 1894:370 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 3267] Lord Howe Island. Holotype: AMS I.3127. Paratypes (?): AMS I.6591-92 (2), BMNH (1). •Synonym of Petroscirtes lupus (De Vis 1885) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:51 [ref. 4144], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:347 [ref. 28867] dated 1886). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes lupus (De Vis 1885). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

imitator, Cirripectes Williams [J. T.] 1985:533, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 98 (no. 2); ref. 8124] Sakiaura, Chichi Jima Island, 27°30'N, 142°30'E, Ogasawara Islands, Japan, depth 0.5-5 meters. Holotype: FAKU 48203. Paratypes: BPBM 18983 (1), 23228 (12); FAKU 41484-87 (1, 1, 1, 1), 47989 (1), 48109 (1), 48268-69 (1, 1), 48272 (1), 48398-400 (1, 1, 3), 48478 (1), 48963 (1), 48968 (1), 50400 (1), 50402 (1), 111455 (6), 111458-61 (1, 1, 1, 1); NTUM 5777-1 and 2 (2), 5780 (1); UF 41606 [ex USNM 258315] (1); USNM 76288 (1), 227979 (2), 227980 (6, 1c&s), 258315 (orig. 9, now 8), 258316 (2). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:11 [ref. 18888], Ho & Shao 2011:53 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Cirripectes imitator Williams 1985 -- (Shen et al. 1986:16 [ref. 13821], Williams 1988:47 [ref. 7000], Suzuki et al. 1999:5 [ref. 24391], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:632 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1096 [ref. 25182], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1096 [ref. 26193], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Ho & Shao 2011:53 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:806 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes imitator Williams 1985. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands, southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands. Habitat: marine.

impudens, Istiblennius bellus Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:242, Pls. 14 (fig. M), 16 (fig. 1) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 14; ref. 4123] St. Pierre Island, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 270. Paratypes: not researched. •Valid as Istiblennius impudens Smith 1959 -- (Springer 1986:749 [ref. 5719]). •Synonym of Istiblennius bellus (Günther 1861) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:143 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius bellus (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

inaequalis, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:230 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] [Cette] Sète, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1789. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:11-12 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801) -- (Bath 1986:357 [ref. 6217], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Kottelat 1997:175 [ref. 22952], Bath 2003:97 [ref. 27343]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

incisolabiatus, Entomacrodus Schultz [L. P.] & Chapman [W. M.] in Schultz et al. 1960:332, Fig. 118 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 2; ref. 3972] Ocean reef and surf, southeastern end, Enyu Island, Bikini Atoll, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 142188. Paratypes: USNM 111881-82 (1, 1), 111883 (6, not 7), 123934 (1), 142189 (1), 147654 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:11 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Entomacrodus sealei Bryan & Herre 1903 -- (Springer 1967:98 [ref. 18947], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495]). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus sealei Bryan & Herre 1903. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

incognitus, Blennius Bath [H.] 1968:376, Fig. 10 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 49 (no. 5); ref. 7864] Gulf of Castellamare, off Sicily, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: SMF 9295. Paratypes: CNHM 945 (1), 2210 (1), 2214 (1); SMF ?9296 (1), ?9297-301 (5), 9302-05 (1, 2, 2, 2); USNM 283760 (1); uncat. (1), uncat. (5); plus non-type material. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:11 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Blennius incognitus Bath 1968 -- (Bath 1973:522 [ref. 7212]). •Valid as Parablennius incognitus (Bath 1968) -- (Bath 1981:343 [ref. 22163], Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1107 [ref. 13677], Bath 1990:909 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Santos et al. 1997:100 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:107 [ref. 24952], Gharred et al. 1998:103 [ref. 23486], Al-Hassan 1999:195 [ref. 25945], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:123 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S22 [ref. 28536], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Almada et al. 2005:520 [ref. 28599], Bogorodsky 2006:23 [19] [ref. 35540], Fricke et al. 2007:98 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:130 [ref. 30517], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:59 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:469 [ref. 33547], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:559 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius incognitus (Bath 1968). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Morocco, including Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Salarias sinuosus Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:241, Pl. 15 (fig. 3) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 14; ref. 4123] Pinda, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 258. Paratypes: not researched. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

indrambaryae, Cirripectes Smith [H. M.] 1934:322 [Journal of the Siam Society, Natural History Supplement v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 4052] Koh Samui, Gulf of Thailand. Holotype (unique): KUMF 0174. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:6 [ref. 23217]. •Synonym of Cirripectes filamentosus (Alleyne & Macleay 1877) -- (Bath & Patzner 1991:37 [ref. 19212], Williams 1988:33 [ref. 7000]). Current status: Synonym of Cirripectes filamentosus (Alleyne & Macleay 1877). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

insolitus, Istiblennius gibbifrons Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:242, Pl. 16 (fig. 2) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 14; ref. 4123] Assumption Island, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 247. Paratypes: (8) not researched. •Synonym of Istiblennius gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Springer 1986:748 [ref. 5719]). •Synonym of Blenniella gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:68 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

insulae, Salarias Ogilby [J. D.] 1899:741 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 23 (pt 4); ref. 3277] Lord Howe Island. Holotype (unique): (lost). Ogilby non-type specimens: QM I.862 (2). •Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

insulinus, Istiblennius chrysospilos Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:243, Pl. 16 (figs. 4-5) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 14; ref. 4123] Aldabra Islands, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 244. Paratypes: (many) not researched. •Synonym of Blenniella chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:78 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

intermedius, Blennius Ogilby [J. D.] 1915:127 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 3; ref. 3293] Erub [= Darnley] Island, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: QM I.1450. Paratypes: QM I.1451 (1). •Synonym of Parablennius tasmanianus (Richardson 1842), but a valid subspecies -- (Bath 1989:298 [ref. 13310], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Johnson 1999:746 [ref. 25471], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290]). •Valid as Parablennius intermedius (Ogilby 1915) -- (Kuiter 1993:336 [ref. 23929], Kuiter 1997:326 [ref. 25488], Hoese & Bray 2006:1559 [ref. 29000], Bath 2008:79 [ref. 29600], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Larson et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius intermedius (Ogilby 1915). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern and northern Australia and New Caledonia; possibly the Solomon Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

interruptus, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1857:68 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 16866] Kajeli, Buru Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4787 (55 mm SL). •Valid as Istiblennius interruptus (Bleeker 1857) -- (Shen et al. 1986:45 [ref. 13821], Bath & Patzner 1991:49 [ref. 19212]). •Valid as Blenniella interrupta (Bleeker 1857) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:35 [ref. 21878], Myers 1999:222 [ref. 23965], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:632 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Yoshigou & Yoshino 2002:3 [ref. 26253], Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:804 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:148 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:84 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Blenniella interrupta (Bleeker 1857). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia, east to Philippines, Palau and Solomon Islands, north to Taiwan and Ryukyu Islands, south to Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

invemar, Hypsoblennius Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Acero P. [A.] in Smith-Vaniz 1980:289, Figs 2a, 3a, 4-6 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 132; ref. 5525] Santa Marta Bay, Colombia. Holotype: ANSP 143076. Paratypes: ANSP 126835 (1), 143077 (3, 1 c&s), 143078 (4), 144092 (1); GCRL 16932 (2?), 16933 (1); Invemar 162 and 163 (2, 1); UF 233473 [ex UMML 33473] (1); USNM 221538-39 (2, 2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:29 [ref. 13621], Springer et al. 1991:11 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Hypsoblennius invemar Smith-Vaniz & Acero P. 1980 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:232 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1994:124 [ref. 24488], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:534 [ref. 24023], Bath 2000:176 [ref. 25102], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:96 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:166 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:634 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Robertson et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34961], Spier et al. 2018:15 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Hypsoblennius invemar Smith-Vaniz & Acero P. 1980. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

ionthas, Isesthes Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:299 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 282); ref. 2472] Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 30856. Paralectotypes: USNM 307711 [ex 30856] (1), 103377 (1), plus 1 not found. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:11 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Hypsoblennius ionthas (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:232 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:160 [ref. 23239], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:407 [ref. 24550], Schwartz 2000:16 [ref. 24409], Bath 2000:176 [ref. 25102], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:635 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Hypsoblennius ionthas (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

iosodon, Plagiotremus (Plagiotremus) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1976:128, Fig. 162 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 19; ref. 4144] Tutu Bay, 5°50'45"N, 121°01'15"E, Jolo Island, Sulu Sea, depth 3-9 meters. Holotype: USNM 99392. Paratypes: USNM 205372 (1 c&s). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:12 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Plagiotremus iosodon Smith-Vaniz 1976 -- (Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:796 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Plagiotremus iosodon Smith-Vaniz 1976. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Jolo Island, Philippines (2 specimens). Habitat: marine.

iredalei, Pictiblennius Whitley [G. P.] 1931:323 [Australian Zoologist v. 6 (pt 4); ref. 4672] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16407-001 [ex MAMU F1034]. Replacement name for Blennius castaneus Macleay 1881, preoccupied by Blennius castaneus Castelnau 1861; regarded as a replacement name and specimens from Clark I. mentioned on p. 324 are not regarded as types. •Synonym of Parablennius tasmanianus (Richardson 1842) -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). •Synonym of Parablennius intermedius (Ogilby 1815) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1559 [ref. 29000], Bath 2008:80 [ref. 29600]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius intermedius (Ogilby 1915). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

irroratus, Salarias Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:337, Pl. 13 (fig. 4) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Low Island, Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16414-001 [ex MAMU F1042]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Salarias alboguttatus Kner 1867 -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518], Hoese & Bray 2006:1563 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias alboguttatus Kner 1867. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

isos, Ecsenius McKinney [J. F.] & Springer [V. G.] 1976:5, Fig. 4 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 236; ref. 7087] British Bathing Beach, Efate, Pango Peninsula, Vanuatu. Holotype: BPBM 12122. Paratypes: USNM 195787 (3). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:12 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius isos McKinney & Springer 1976 -- (Springer 1988:101 [ref. 6804], Springer 1991:102 [ref. 18995], Springer & Randall 1999:40 [ref. 24274], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:399 [ref. 25191], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Randall 2005:489 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius isos McKinney & Springer 1976. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

itajobi, Scartella Rangel [C. A.] & Mendes [L. F.] 2009:52, Figs. 1-5 [Zootaxa No. 2006; ref. 30055] Praia do Atalaia, 3°51'S, 32°26'W, Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Pernambuco, Brazil. Holotype: MNRJ 31887. Paratypes: MNRJ 31888 (2). Plus additional non-type specimens. •Valid as Scartella itajobi Rangel & Mendes 2009. Current status: Valid as Scartella itajobi Rangel & Mendes 2009. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Fernando de Noronha Archipelago (Brazil). Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Petroskirtes Bleeker [P.] 1869:246, Fig. [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 3; ref. 427] Tokyo, Japan. Holotype (unique): lost. Original genus should have been Petroscirtes. •Valid as Omobranchus japonicus (Bleeker 1869) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:33 [ref. 7348]). •Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:53 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:149 [ref. 4144], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

jenkinsi, Chasmodes Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] in Jordan 1896:232, Pl. 39 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 6; ref. 2395] Guaymas, Sonora, western coast of Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 412. Paratypes: (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:92 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Hypsoblennius jenkinsi (Jordan & Evermann 1896) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:247 [ref. 9277], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:928 [ref. 22829], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:73 [ref. 24545], Bath 2000:176 [ref. 25102], Thomson et al. 2000:199 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:294 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Hypsoblennius jenkinsi (Jordan & Evermann 1896). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

jenningsi, Cirripectes Schultz [L. P.] 1943:274, Fig. 27 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 180; ref. 3957] Reef at Swains Island, Phoenix Islands. Holotype: USNM 115486. Paratypes: BMNH 1943.8.23.1-2 [ex USNM 115487] (2), 1952.5.8.7-8 [ex USNM 115487] (2); MCZ 37248 [ex USNM 115487] (2); USNM 115487 (orig. 26, now 20), 307661 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:12 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Cirripectes jenningsi Schultz 1943 -- (Williams 1988:49 [ref. 7000], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Randall 2005:485 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes jenningsi Schultz 1943. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

jugularis, Blennius Klunzinger [C. B.] 1871:493 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 21; ref. 2622] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Lectotype: ZMB 10496. Paralectotypes: ZIN 2617 (1); ?ZMB 8025 (1), ?10496 (1). Lectotype established by Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:12 [ref. 4145]. •Valid as Alloblennius jugularis (Klunzinger 1871) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:10 [ref. 4145], Dor 1984:226 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:58 [ref. 25356], Springer et al. 1998:24 [ref. 23434], Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2012:60 [ref. 31806], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:137 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Alloblennius jugularis (Klunzinger 1871). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

julioides, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:28 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:11 [ref. 3595]. •Probably a senior synonym of Parablennius rouxi (Cocco 1833). Current status: Uncertain as Parablennius rouxi (Cocco 1833). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

kallosoma, Petroskirtes Bleeker [P.] 1858:227 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 15 (no. 1); ref. 363] Western Belitung Island, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4452. Original genus should have been Petroscirtes. •Valid as Omobranchus kallosoma (Bleeker 1858) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus elongatus (Peters 1855) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:28 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:149 [ref. 4144], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus elongatus (Peters 1855). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

kamoharai, Meiacanthus Tomiyama [I.] in Tomiyama & Abe 1956:1083, Pl. 214-215 [Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan v. 53; ref. 22721] Kashiwa-jima, near Kochi City, Shikoku, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 18777. •Valid as Meiacanthus kamoharai Tomiyama 1956 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:93 [ref. 4144], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:296 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:89 [ref. 21281], Smith-Vaniz 1987:5 [ref. 6404], Myers 1999:218 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:1116 [ref. 25182], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:32 [ref. 26213], Nakabo 2002:1116 [ref. 26193], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:194 [ref. 31256], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011:47 [ref. 31543], Koeda et al. 2016:16 [ref. 35354]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus kamoharai Tomiyama 1956. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

kellersi, Salarias Fowler [H. W.] 1932:6, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 81 (no. 2931); ref. 16368] Niuafoou Island, Tonga Islands. Holotype: USNM 91944. Paratypes: USNM 138299 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:12 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Istiblennius bellus (Günther 1861) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:143 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius bellus (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

kikaiensis, Salarias Aoyagi [H.] 1954:239 [241], Fig. 1 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 63 (no. 6); ref. 12637] Kikai Island, Oshima County, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. Lectotype: YCM-P 30815. Paralectotypes: YCM-P 30816 (2). Type catalog: Hayashi 1995 [ref. 22717], Shibata et al. 2011:18 [ref. 31469]. In English on p. 241. Also listed as new in Aoyagi 1954:287 [ref. 12638]. Lectotype selected by Hayashi 1995 [ref. 22717]. •Synonym of Entomacrodus decussatus (Bleeker 1858) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:56 [ref. 4145]). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus decussatus (Bleeker 1858). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

kingii, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:334 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Northwestern coast of Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2048. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:28 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Istiblennius lineatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:98 [ref. 21878], Hoese & Bray 2006:1552 [ref. 29000], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:199 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius lineatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

kirkii, Salarias Günther [A.] 1868:458 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 1 (no. 6); ref. 1993] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1868.2.29.48. •Valid as Alticus kirkii (Günther 1868) -- (Dor 1984:226 [ref. 29757] as kirki, Goren & Dor 1994:58 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:312 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:208 [ref. 23922], Fricke 1999:470 [ref. 24106], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377] as a subspecies, Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396], Fricke et al. 2018:306 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:137 [ref. 36273], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:194 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Valid as Alticus kirkii (Günther 1868). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa, Persian Gulf and Madagascar east to western India. Habitat: marine.

klausewitzii, Ecsenius Lotan [R.] 1970:371, Fig. 4 [Israel Journal of Zoology v. 18 (no. 4) (for 1969); ref. 7827] Entedebir Island, Dahlak Archipelago, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype: HUJ 10095 [ex E62/3708]. Paratypes: HUJ 10096 [ex E64/30a] (2). Type catalog: Golani 2006:32 [ref. 28840]. •Synonym of Ecsenius gravieri (Pellegrin 1906) -- (Springer 1971:22 [ref. 7707], Dor 1984:229 [ref. 29757], Springer 1988:28 [ref. 6804], Golani & Fricke 2018:139 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Ecsenius gravieri (Pellegrin 1906). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

knipowitschi, Blennius Slastenenko [E. P.] 1934:357 [Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, Ser. A (Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de l'URSS), Leningrad v. 1 (no. 7); ref. 16461] Near Panayot Bay, Sevastopol, Ukraine, Black Sea. Syntypes: (2) no types found at ZIN. •Synonym of Blennius adriaticus Steindachner & Kolombatović 1883 -- (Bath 1973:520 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Lipophrys adriaticus (Steindachner & Kolombatović 1883) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1101 [ref. 13677], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:122 [ref. 26753]). Current status: Synonym of Lipophrys adriaticus (Steindachner & Kolombatović 1883). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

kochi, Petroscirtes Weber [M.] 1907:263 [Süsswasserfische von Neu-Guinea v. 5 (Zool.) pt 2; ref. 4599] Meranke River, southern New Guinea. Syntypes: ZMA 109102 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:94 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:53 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:149 [ref. 4144], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989], Golani & Fricke 2018:141 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

kosiensis, Salarias Regan [C. T.] 1908:254, Pl. 42 (fig. 3) [Annals of the Natal Museum v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 14355] Kosi Bay, Zululand, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, northwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1906.11.19.111. •Valid as Pereulixia kosiensis (Regan 1908) -- (Springer 1986:752 [ref. 5719], Randall 1995:321 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Pereulixia kosiensis (Regan 1908). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

kossmanni, Blennius Whitley [G. P.] 1970:245 [Australian Zoologist v. 15 (pt 3); ref. 6601] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): apparently lost. Replacement name for Blennius cyclops var. punctatus Kossman & Rauber 1877, preoccupied by Blennius punctatus Quoy & Gaimard 1824. •Synonym of Parablennius cyclops (Rüppell 1830) based on placement of punctatus -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius cyclops (Rüppell 1830). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

kranjiensis, Petroscirtes Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1940:25, Pl. 20 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 16; ref. 2130] Mangrove swamp drained by the Kranji River, Singapore. Holotype: CAS-SU 33007. Paratypes: CAS-SU 33008 (1), ZRC 224 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:93 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Omobranchus kranjinesis (Herre 1940) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus ferox (Herre 1927) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:38 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:149 [ref. 4144], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus ferox (Herre 1927). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

kraussii, Petroscirtes Klunzinger [C. B.] 1871:497 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 21; ref. 2622] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Lectotype: ZMB 8029. Paralectotypes: SMF 1662 (2); SMNS 1868 (2); ZIN 2647 (2); ZMB 8029 (2), 10506 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1992:6 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:18 [ref. 29864] Lectotype selected by Springer 1972:7 [ref. 4178]. •Valid as Enchelyurus kraussii [sometimes as kraussi, should be kraussii] (Klunzinger 1871) -- (Springer 1972:6 [ref. 4178], Smith-Vaniz 1976:149 [ref. 4144], Springer 1981:699 [ref. 8545], Dor 1984:225 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:296 [ref. 6441], Shen et al. 1986:10 [ref. 13821], Winterbottom et al. 1989:60 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:374 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:59 [ref. 25356], Randall et al. 1997:374 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:220 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:478 [ref. 24106], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1111 [ref. 25182] as kraussi, Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1111 [ref. 26193] as kraussi, Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830] as kraussi, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377] as kraussi, Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495] as kraussi, Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624] as kraussi, Randall 2005:491 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1550 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:95 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:192 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:783 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33932], Golani & Fricke 2018:139 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Enchelyurus kraussii (Klunzinger 1871). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles, Comores and Mascarenes east to Mariana Islands and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to southern Great Barrier Reef (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

kuasut, Blennius Montrouzier [X.] 1857:463-464 [185-186] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] On p. 185-186 of reprint. Not available, manuscript name mentioned in passing in synonymy under 4 different species; from Woodlark I., South Pacific. Blenniidae: Salariinae.

kuhlii, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1851:258 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 16890] Tjilangkahan, Java, Indonesia. No types knwon. •Unplaceable to genus -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:57 [ref. 4145]). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

kulambangrae, Petroscirtes Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:436 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] A fresh-water creek, Kulambangra Island, Solomon Islands. Holotype: FMNH 17392. Paratypes: CAS-SU 24441 (1). Additional material (13). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:93 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:64 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Meiacanthus anema (Bleeker 1852) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:83 [ref. 4144], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Meiacanthus anema (Bleeker 1852). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kurti, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:117, Fig. 63 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] West side of Bararin Island, Cuyo Islands, Palawan Province, Philippines, depth 0-13.7 meters. Holotype: USNM 227416. Paratypes: USNM 219303 (2), 219305 (7), 219311 (3). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:12 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius kurti Springer 1988 -- (Allen 2000:116 [ref. 25868], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:813 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius kurti Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

kuwamurai, Cirripectes Fukao [R.] 1984:106, Figs. 1, 3A [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 31 (no. 2); ref. 6726] Off the northern beach of Seto Marine Biological Lab., Shirahama, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, depth about 3 meters. Holotype (unique): FAKU 48479. •Valid as Cirripectes kuwamurai Fukao 1984 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:299 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:92 [ref. 21281], Williams 1988:50 [ref. 7000], Nakabo 2000:1093 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1093 [ref. 26193], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Williams 2010:6 [ref. 30923], Motomura et al. 2010:191 [ref. 31256]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes kuwamurai Fukao 1984. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

labrovittatus, Praealticus Bath [H.] 1992:256, Figs. 20-30, 46a-f [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 72 (nos 4/6); ref. 20223] Peleliu Island, Palau Islands, western Pacific, 7°00'36"N, 134°16'26"E. Holotype: CAS 74043. Paratypes: CAS 75778 (12); SMF 18066 (1), ?18069 (1), ?28009 (4); SMNS 14315 (8); USNM 317332 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:6 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:18 [ref. 29864] •Valid as Praealticus labrovittatus Bath 1992 -- (Myers 1999:228 [ref. 23965], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495] as Prealticus, Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Kottelat 2013:385 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Praealticus labrovittatus Bath 1992. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

labrus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:28, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:10 [ref. 3595]. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

lacunicola, Salarias Fowler [H. W.] 1946:178, Figs. 41a-42 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 98; ref. 1456] Aguni Shima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): ANSP 72049. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:29 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Entomacrodus thalassinus (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Springer 1967:144 [ref. 18947]). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus thalassinus (Jordan & Seale 1906). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

laevis, Pholis Fleming [J.] 1828:207 [A history of British animals; ref. 1339] England. Based in part on Blennius pholis Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Blennius pholis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Bath 1973:523 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Lipophrys pholis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bath & Wirtz 1992:272 [ref. 19831], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Lipophrys pholis (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

langi, Blennius Fowler [H. W.] 1923:5 [American Museum Novitates No. 103; ref. 1399] Mouth of the Congo River, western Africa. Holotype (unique): AMNH 8284 (not present 2/1981). •Valid as Hypleurochilus langi (Fowler 1923) -- (Bath 1986:355 [ref. 6217], Bath 1990:907 [ref. 19373], Daget in Lévêque et al. 1992:796 [ref. 21590], Poll & Gosse 1995:119 [ref. 24781], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Pinheiro et al. 2013:95 [ref. 32885], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Hypleurochilus langi (Fowler 1923). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Congo. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lanieri, Ophioblennius Seale [A.] 1940:40, Pl. 4 [Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-40, Los Angeles v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 12332] Tagus Cove, Isabela Island [Albemarle Island], Galápagos Islands. Holotype (unique): CAS 5743. •In genus Ophioblennius -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:57 [ref. 4145]). •Synonym of Ophioblennius steindachneri Jordan & Evermann 1898 -- (on advice of Vctor Springer, 5 Feb. 2015). Current status: Synonym of Ophioblennius steindachneri Jordan & Evermann 1898. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

laticlavius, Blennius Griffin [L. T.] 1926:542, Pl. 96 (fig. 1) [Transactions of the New Zealand Institute v. 56; ref. 15589] Mount Maunganui, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand. Holotype: AIM MA 307. Paratypes: AIM (1). Trnski personal communication (12/1/2017) on type status. •Valid as Parablennius laticlavius (Griffin 1926) -- (Paulin et al. 1989:222 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:36 [ref. 24625], Kuiter 1993:337 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Hoese & Bray 2006:1559 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:117 [ref. 36167], Stewart et al. 2015:1537 [ref. 34301]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius laticlavius (Griffin 1926). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: northern New Zealand, Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

laudandus, Pescadorichthys (Musgravius) Whitley [G. P.] 1961:63, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales v. for 1958-59; ref. 4731] Barrier Reef of Nouméa, about 10 miles from [Baie des] Citrons, New Caledonia. Holotype (unique): AMS IB.4509. •Valid as Plagiotremus laudandus (Whitley 1961) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:129 [ref. 4144], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:297 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:91 [ref. 21281], Smith-Vaniz 1987:49 [ref. 6404], Randall et al. 1990:372 [ref. 15987], Bath & Patzner 1991:54 [ref. 19212], Kuiter 1993:339 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:372 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:219 [ref. 23965], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:395 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396]). •Valid as Plagiotremus laudandus (Whitley 1961), subspecies laudandus (Whitley 1961) -- (Nakabo 2000:1118 [ref. 25182], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1118 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:500 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1562 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:7 [ref. 31156], Motomura et al. 2010:195 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:796 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:152 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Plagiotremus laudandus (Whitley 1961). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: East Indian region to Micronesia and Samoa, south to Australia, north to Philippines and Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.

lemuria, Entomacrodus Springer [V. G.] & Fricke [R.] 2000:391, Figs. 3-4 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 113 (no. 2); ref. 24575] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, west coast, 250 meters north Boucan-Canot, 5 kilometers west-southwest of St. Paul, 21°01'35"S, 55°13'36"E, intertidal area of narrow fringing reef, near black rocks on shore. Holotype: SMNS 20827. Paratypes: AMS I.39536-001 (5); CAS 209025 (5); ROM 71976 (5); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 60472 (5); SMNS 21372 (4); USNM 339747 (57), 341905 (4), 357266 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:16 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Entomacrodus lemuria Springer & Fricke 2000 -- (Fricke et al. 2009:96 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Fricke et al. 2018:311 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus lemuria Springer & Fricke 2000. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Madagascar and western Mascarenes (Réunion, Mauritius). Habitat: marine.

leopardus, Entomacrodus Fowler [H. W.] 1904:554, Pl. 27 (upper fig.) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 1367] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: ANSP 27805. Paratypes: ANSP 27806 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:29 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Blenniella leopardus (Fowler 1904) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:40 [ref. 21878], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290] dating to 1938, Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:246 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], llen & Erdmann 2012:804 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Blenniella leopardus (Fowler 1904). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Andaman Sea to Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

leopardus, Salarias Day [F.] 1870:518 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 7) (for 11 Nov. 1869); ref. 18819] Off Galle harbor, Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): ZSI A.296 (lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •In genus Exallias -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:57 [ref. 4145]). •Mention -- (Mundy 2005:463 [ref. 28379]). •Synonym of Exallias brevis (Kner 1868) -- (on advice of Victor Springer, 5 Feb. 2015). Current status: Synonym of Exallias brevis (Kner 1868). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

leopardus, Salarias Fowler [H. W.] 1938:82, Pl. 11 (fig. 28) [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 2; ref. 1428] Nukuhiva, Marquesas Islands. Holotype: ANSP 68305. Paratypes: ANSP 68306-07 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:29 [ref. 13621]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salarias leopardus Day 1870. •Synonym of Istiblennius bellus (Günther 1861) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:143 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius bellus (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

lepidus, Blennius Pallas [P. S.] 1814:171 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Crimea Peninsula. No types known. •Synonym of Blennius pavo Risso 1810 -- (Bath 1973:522 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Lipophrys pavo (Risso 1910) -- (Parin 2003:S22 [ref. 28536]). •Synonym of Salaria pavo (Risso 1810) -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Parin et al. 2014:470 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria pavo (Risso 1810). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

leptus, Adelotremus Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Rose [J. M.] 2012:40, Figs. 1-6 [Zootaxa No. 3249; ref. 31851] Near Sharm el Sheikh, Naama Bay (Marsa el At), 27°54'38"N, 34°19'44"E, Egypt, Red Sea, depth 15 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 402770. •Valid as Adelotremus leptus Smith-Vaniz & Rose 2012 -- (Smith-Vaniz 2017:185 [ref. 35282], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:136 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Adelotremus leptus Smith-Vaniz & Rose 2012. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

lepus, Blennius Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:457, 461 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: NRM 36 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:18 [ref. 20734]. Unnecessary replacement name for Blennius ocellaris Linnaeus 1758. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:81, 87 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Blennius ocellaris Linnaeus 1758 -- (Bath 1973:519 [ref. 7212]). Current status: Synonym of Blennius ocellaris Linnaeus 1758. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

lessoni, Nemophis Kaup [J. J.] 1858:168, Fig. [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1858 (pt 26); ref. 2577] Presumably from the South Seas. Holotype: MNHN 0000-2123. Paratypes: MNHN B-3104 (1, poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:22 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Xiphasia setifer Swainson 1839 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:70 [ref. 4144], Randall 2005:505 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Xiphasia setifer Swainson 1839. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

lienardi, Petroscirtes Day [F.] 1876:327, Pl. 69 (fig. 8) [The fishes of India Part 2; ref. 1081] Karachi, Sind, Pakistan; Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7984 (1, syntype) Sind; ZSI F2026 (1, figured specimen, lost), F2029 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:298 [ref. 25110]. Based on 'Blennechis à dorsale élevée' of Liénard 1839:39 [ref. 17536], and on several specimens. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Synonym of Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1830 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:32 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1830. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

lighti, Salarias Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1938:65 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 51; ref. 11002] Dodd Island, Amoy, China. Holotype: CAS-SU 33001. Paratypes: BSMP (1, assumed destroyed). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:94 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Entomacrodus stellifer (Jordan & Snyder 1902), but a valid subspecies -- (Springer 1967:55 [ref. 18947], Shen et al. 1986:31 [ref. 13821], Myers 1999:226 [ref. 23965], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:226 [ref. 25480], Youn 2002:387, 649 [ref. 26218]). •Valid as Entomacrodus lighti (Herre 1938) -- (Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:8 [ref. 31156], Allen & Erdmann 2012:823 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus lighti (Herre 1938). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: South China Sea and Gulf of Thailand. Habitat: marine.

lignus, Hypsoblennius Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1928:946, Pl. 96 (fig. 2) [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 15 (publ. 249); ref. 2964] Chame Point, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype: USNM 81937. Paratypes: FMNH 8537 (1); USNM 81938 (1), 81939 (18 or 16), 307644 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:49 [ref. 12367], Springer et al. 1991:12 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Hypsoblennius caulopus (Gilbert 1898) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:253 [ref. 22193], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsoblennius caulopus (Gilbert 1898). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

limbatus, Meiacanthus (Meiacanthus) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1987:19, Fig. 7c [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 139; ref. 6404] 3 kilometers east of Aerodrome, Los Negros Island, Manus Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, 2°04'S, 147°25'E, depth 35-41 meters. Holotype (unique): WAM P.27826-018. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:37 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:40 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Meiacanthus limbatus Smith-Vaniz 1987 -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:32 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011:54 [ref. 31543], Allen & Erdmann 2012:791 [ref. 31980], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2019:49 [ref. 36813]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus limbatus Smith-Vaniz 1987. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Palau, Bismarck Archipelago and Helen Island. Habitat: marine.

lineathorax, Mimoblennius Fricke [R.] 1999:484, Fig. 8 [ ref. 24106] East coast of Anse des Cascades, 8 kilometers south-southeast of Sainte Rose, Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, 21°11'08"S, 55°49'36"E, depth 0-1.5 meters. Holotype: SMNS 20815. Paratypes: MNHN 1999-0489 to 0490 (1, 1); SMNS 16966 (1), 20722 (3); USNM 355883 (2). •Valid as Mimoblennius lineathorax Fricke 1999 -- (Fricke et al. 2009:96 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Mimoblennius lineathorax Fricke 1999. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Réunion (western Mascarenes endemic). Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Blennius Guichenot [A.] 1850:73, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des reptiles et poissons; ref. 1940] Coast of Algeria, western Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:15 [ref. 20734]. •Questionably a synonym of Blennius canevae Vinciguerra 1880 -- (Bath 1973:520 [ref. 7212]). •Questionably a synonym of Lipophrys canevae (Vinciguerra 1880) -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). •Synonym of Microlipophrys canevae (Vinciguerra 1880). Current status: Synonym of Microlipophrys canevae (Vinciguerra 1880). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Ecsenius Klausewitz [W.] 1962:145, Fig. 1 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 43 (no. 2); ref. 5976] Reef in lagoon near Madewaru Island, Fadiffulu Atoll, Maldives [Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): SMF 5532. •Valid as Ecsenius lineatus Klausewitz 1962 -- (Springer 1971:30 [ref. 7707], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:300 [ref. 6441], Shen et al. 1986:20 [ref. 13821], Springer 1988:50 [ref. 6804], Allen & Swainston 1988:130 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977], Fricke 1999:477 [ref. 24106], Springer & Randall 1999:41 [ref. 24274], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1108 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:116 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1108 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Hoese & Bray 2006:1547 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:95 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:191 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:813 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:269 [ref. 32706], Motomura et al. 2015:28 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:85 [ref. 35333], Allen et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36633], Zajonz et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius lineatus Klausewitz 1962. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Socotra, Mozambique Channel, Réunion, Mauritius (western Mascarenes), Maldives east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Petroscirtes De Vis [C. W.] 1884:698 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Murray Island, Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.1354. •Valid as Meiacanthus lineatus (De Vis 1884) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:89 [ref. 4144], Smith-Vaniz 1987:9 [ref. 6404], Randall et al. 1990:369 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:340 [ref. 23929], Kuiter 1997:330 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:369 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:746 [ref. 25471], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:32 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Hoese & Bray 2006:1554 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011:47, 57 [ref. 31543]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus lineatus (De Vis 1884). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:314 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Java, Indonesia. Holotype: MNHN 0000-1396 (or RMNH 17272). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:28-29 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Istiblennius lineatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Dor 1984:231 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:300 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:108 [ref. 21281], Shen et al. 1986:36 [ref. 13821], Allen & Swainston 1988:130 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:385 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Springer & Williams 1994:98 [ref. 21878], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:295 [ref. 24014], Randall 1995:317 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:385 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:228 [ref. 23965], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1101 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1101 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:495 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1552 [ref. 29000], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:249 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:194 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:827 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:151 [ref. 33932], Golani & Fricke 2018:140 [ref. 36273], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:198 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Valid as Istiblennius lineatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Laccadive and Maldive islands east to Pitcairn Islands, north to Japan, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

lineolatus, Petroscirtes Kner [R.] 1868:29 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 58 (nos 1-2); ref. 6074] Kandavu Island, Fiji Islands. Holotype (unique): ?NMW 78545 [neotype AMS IA.4298]. Appeared in more detail in Kner 1868:331 [39 of separate], Pl. 6 (fig. 17) [ref. 2646]. Springer & Gomon 1975:46 [ref. 6083] selected a neotype (same type as Graviceps darwini Whitley 1958), but they apparently were unaware of NMW 78545; more research is needed. •Valid as Omobranchus lineolatus (Kner 1868) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:45 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:149 [ref. 4144], Springer 1981:701 [ref. 8545], Allen & Swainston 1988:128 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:206 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:366 [ref. 23967], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Hoese & Bray 2006:1557 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:180 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus lineolatus (Kner 1868). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

lineolatus, Salarias Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:336, Pl. 13 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Erub [= Darnley] Island, 9°35'S, 143°46'E, Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes or holotype: ?AMS I.16420-001 [ex MAMU F1052a]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. As Salarias lineolata on legend page (p. 359). •Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518], Hoese & Bray 2006:1564 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

lineopunctatus, Cirripectus Strasburg [D. W.] 1956:248, Fig. 1 [Pacific Science v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 12228] Kaena Point, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 164198. Paratypes: USNM 164199-201 (8, 6, 5). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:12 [ref. 18888]. Original genus should have been Cirripectes. •Synonym of Cirripectes quagga (Fowler & Ball 1924) -- (Williams 1988:57 [ref. 7000], Randall et al. 1990:378 [ref. 15987], Randall 2005:486 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:461 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:380 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Cirripectes quagga (Fowler & Ball 1924). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

lineopunctatus, Petroscirtes Sauvage [H.-E.] (ex Guichenot) 1880:216 [6] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 19970] Southern Japan. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5120. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:23 [ref. 20734]. On p. 6 of separate. Original as Petrorscites [sic] lineo-punctatus. •Synonym of Omobranchus elegans (Steindachner 1876) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:26 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:149 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus elegans (Steindachner 1876). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

lini, Petroscirtes Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1934:292 [Lingnan Science Journal, Canton v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 10988] Heungchow, Kwangtung Province, China. Holotype: CAS-SU 29088 (111 mm long). Paratypes: (9) CAS-SU 67359 [ex CAS-SU 29088] (7), 68340 [ex CAS-SU 67359] (1, c&s); Fish. Exper. Station Canton (1 or more). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:93 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Omobranchus aurosplendidus (Richardson 1846) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:22 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:149 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus aurosplendidus (Richardson 1846). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

litteratus, Praealticus amboinensis Schultz [L. P.] & Chapman [W. M.] in Schultz et al. 1960:370, Fig. 126 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 2; ref. 3972] Ypao Point, Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 124116. Paratypes: USNM 111875 (5), 124120 (3), 124343 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:12 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Praealticus poptae (Fowler 1925) -- (Bath 1992:276 [ref. 20223]). Current status: Synonym of Praealticus poptae (Fowler 1925). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

lividanalis, Ecsenius Chapman [W. M.] & Schultz [L. P.] 1952:517, Fig. 91 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 102 (3310); ref. 12643] Munda, New Georgia, Solomon Islands. Holotype: USNM 144723. Paratypes: USNM 144291 (3), 144292 (6, 1 c&s). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:13 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius lividanalis Chapman & Schultz 1952 -- (Springer 1971:32 [ref. 7707] as lividinalis, Springer 1988:32 [ref. 6804], Springer 1991:113 [ref. 18995], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Springer & Randall 1999:44 [ref. 24274], Allen 2000:116 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Springer & Allen 2001:152 [ref. 25668], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Bray 2006:1548 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:814 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:179 [ref. 32988] as lividinalis). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius lividanalis Chapman & Schultz 1952. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Australia, Philippines and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

lividus, Salarias Thiollière [V. J. de l'I.] in Montrouzier 1857:463 [185] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Kuia Island, Trobriand Islands. Neotype: USNM 203749. On p. 185 of reprint. Neotype designated by Springer & Williams 1994:98 [ref. 21878]. •Synonym of Istiblennius lineatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:98 [ref. 21878], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:199 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius lineatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

lodosus, Blennius Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:230, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 14; ref. 4123] Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 238. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 775 (13), 903 (11), 74-78 (4, not found); SMF 17098 [ex RUSI 774] (1), 17099 [ex RUSI 775] (1). •Valid as Parablennius lodosus (Smith 1959) -- (Springer 1986:752 [ref. 5719], Bath 1989:302 [ref. 13309], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius lodosus (Smith 1959). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

longicirrus, Entomacrodus thalassinus Springer [V. G.] 1967:145, Pl. 29 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 122 (no. 3582); ref. 18947] Shore reef region, east side at Goh Kram Island, eastern side of Gulf of Thailand, 12°41'33"N, 100°48'28"E. Holotype: CAS-SU 62089. Paratypes: CAS-SU 62001 (10), 62009 (1), 62048 (12), 62092 (4), 63345 (45); USNM 197978 (3), 199480 (10). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:13 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Entomacrodus thalassinus (Jordan & Seale 1906), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Springer 1972:13 [ref. 7647], Bath & Patzner 1991:46 [ref. 19212], Myers 1999:226 [ref. 23965], Randall 2005:493 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Entomacrodus longicirrus Springer 1967 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:8 [ref. 31156], Allen & Erdmann 2012:823 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus longicirrus Springer 1967. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Gulf of Thailand, Taiwan and South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

longifilis, Petroscirtes Kner [R.] & Steindachner [F.] 1867:367 [12], Pl. 1 (fig. 5) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 54 (pt 3); ref. 2640] Samoa. Holotype (unique): NMW 71777. On p. 12 of separate. •Synonym of Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1830 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:32 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1830. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

longimaxilla, Chasmodes bosquianus Williams [J. T.] 1983:85, Fig. 6 [Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 5370] Rock jetty on northeast side of Dauphin Island, 30°15'30"N, 88°05'W, Mobile County, Alabama, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 219830. Paratypes: ANSP 71181-82 (2), 129692 (1); FMNH 40311 (2), 57043 (2 not 1), 62464-65 (9, 1); GCRL V61:514 (1), V67:2061 (1), V68:2711 (1), V68:2903 (1); NLU 34793 (1), uncat. (5); TAMU (8 lots, 45); TU 5244 (1), 21596 (1), 21665 (2), 91945 (1); UF 31478-79 (2); UMMZ (10 lots, 30); USAIC (12 lots, 14); USNM 5721 (9 lots, 15); UTMSI 289 (1), 1358 (1). Type information: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:23 [ref. 12367], Springer et al. 1991:13 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Chasmodes bosquianus (Lacepède 1800), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687]). •Valid as Chasmodes longimaxilla Williams 1983 -- (Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Nelson et al. 2004:166 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:627 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Javonillo & Harold 2010:10 [ref. 30906], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Chasmodes longimaxilla Williams 1983. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico from western Florida to Mexico. Habitat: brackish, marine.

longispinis, Laiphognathus Murase [A.] 2007:288, Figs. 1-5 [Ichthyological Research v. 54 (no. 3); ref. 29243] Hakamagoshi, west coast of Sakura-jima Island, Kinko Bay, Kagoshima Prefecture, Kyushu, southern Japan. Holotype: NSMT-P 70853. Paratypes: 38 specimens in lots at AZISP, BSKU, CMNH, KPM, MTUF, NSMT, and OMNH. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:54 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Laiphognathus longispinis Murase 2007 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396] as longispinus, Ho & Shao 2011:54 [ref. 31432]). Current status: Valid as Laiphognathus longispinis Murase 2007. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Southern Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

longus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:28 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:11 [ref. 3595]. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

loxias, Hypleurochilus Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:802, Fig. 20 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 28 (no. 1407); ref. 2495] Negros, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 51952. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:13 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Omobranchus loxias (Jordan & Seale 1905) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:68 [ref. 6083]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

loxozonus, Petroscirtes Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1906:705, Fig. 13 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 30 (no. 1462); ref. 10666] Tanegashima, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 9364 [not USNM 53275]. Paratypes: BMNH 1923.2.26.341-350 (32), CAS-SU 9783 (26), USNM 53275 (16) Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:93 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:13 [ref. 18888]. Type information: Springer & Eschmeyer 1974 [ref. 21415]. •Valid as Omobranchus loxozonus (Jordan & Starks 1906) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:48 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:149 [ref. 4144], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:296 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:87 [ref. 21281], Nakabo 2000:1113 [ref. 25182], Sakai et al. 2001:105 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:1113 [ref. 26193], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:194 [ref. 31256]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus loxozonus (Jordan & Starks 1906). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

lubbocki, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:103, Fig. 54 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Off Kata Beach, Leam Sai, Phuket Island, Thailand, Andaman Sea, eastern Indian Ocean. Holotype: USNM 217533. Paratypes: BPBM 29380 (7). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:13 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius lubbocki Springer 1988 -- (Springer & Randall 1999:40 [ref. 24274], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:248 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius lubbocki Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Andaman Sea to Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

luctuosus, Salarias Whitley [G. P.] 1929:136 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 17 (no. 3); ref. 4665] Tanegashima, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 9362 [not USNM 53273]. Paratypes: (4) CAS-SU 9781 (1), 16450 (1); USNM 53273 (1). Replacement name for Salarias andersoni Jordan & Starks 1906, preoccupied by Salarias andersonii Day 1876. •Valid as Salarias luctuosus Whitley 1929 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:298 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:115 [ref. 21281], Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518], Bath 1992:43 [ref. 18972], Bath 1992:234 [ref. 20222], Nakabo 2000:1106 [ref. 25182], Sakai et al. 2001:106 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:1106 [ref. 26193], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:199 [ref. 31256]). Current status: Valid as Salarias luctuosus Whitley 1929. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

lupulus, Blennius Bonaparte [C. L.] 1840:fasc. 28, punt. 145, Pl. 106 (fig. 5) [Iconografia della fauna italica; ref. 514] Stream Fiora and others draining to Mediterranean in Toscana and Romana, Italy. Syntypes: ANSP 10401-02 (1, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:29 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801) -- (Bath 1986:357 [ref. 6217], Krupp & Schneider 1989:406 [ref. 13651], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Kottelat 1997:175 [ref. 22952], Bath 2003:97 [ref. 27343], Kottelat 2004:121 [ref. 27669], Fricke et al. 2007:99 [ref. 29533]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lupus, Omox Springer [V. G.] 1981:704, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 94 (no. 3); ref. 8545] Cape Ward Hunt, 8°04'12"S, 148°08'24"E, Papua New Guinea, depth 0-1 meter. Holotype: USNM 223710. Paratypes: USNM 223711 (1, c&s), 223712 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:13 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Omox lupus Springer 1981 -- (Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:785 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Omox lupus Springer 1981. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

lupus, Salarius De Vis [C. W.] 1885:58 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 17386] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.102. Original genus should have been Salarias. •Valid as Petroscirtes lupus (De Vis 1885) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:51 [ref. 4144], Randall et al. 1990:370 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:337 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Randall et al. 1997:370 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:746 [ref. 25471], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290] dated 1886, Randall 2005:499 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1561 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Petroscirtes lupus (De Vis 1885). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

luteus, Meiacanthus (Meiacanthus) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1987:25, Figs. 14d-f [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 139; ref. 6404] Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, 12°29'S, 130°53'E, depth 0.2-1 meters. Holotype: NTM S.11358-001. Paratypes: AMS I.20751-019 (1), I.20753-023 (1), I. 20754-003 (1), I.21964-002 (1), I.24785-001 (4), I.26855-001 (1), IA.6002 (1); ANSP 153559 (1), 153560 (3); NTM S.11083-001 (1), S.11146-001 (1), S.11358-002 (2); USNM 268915 (3); QM I.10856 (1), I.11059 (2), I.11117 (1), I.15849 (1), I.16218 (1), I.18510 (2). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:13 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Meiacanthus luteus Smith-Vaniz 1987 -- (Randall et al. 1990:369 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:366 [ref. 23967], Kuiter 1997:330 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:369 [ref. 25919], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:33 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Hoese & Bray 2006:1554 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011:46 [ref. 31543], Larson et al. 2013:180 [ref. 32988], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2019:48 [ref. 36813]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus luteus Smith-Vaniz 1987. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

macclurei, Rupiscartes Silvester [C. F.] 1915:217 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book No. 14; ref. 4027] Dead coral reef west of Guanica Harbor, Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea. Holotype: PU 3081. Paratypes: PU 3027 (1). Species originally described as Rupiscartes macclurei, but later published and figured in Silvester 1918:24. Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [ref. 15257] as Alticus macclurei. •Synonym of Ophioblennius atlanticus (Valenciennes 1836), but a valid subspecies -- (Greenfield & Johnson 1981:71 [ref. 5580], Cervigón 1994:129 [ref. 24488], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:309 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:166 [ref. 27754], Smith et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27621]). •Valid as Ophioblennius macclurei (Silvester 1915) -- (Collette et al. 2003:122 [ref. 26784], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:638 [ref. 28815], Rangel & Mendes 2009:58 [ref. 30055] once as mccclurei, as species or subspecies, Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:7 [ref. 31156], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:72 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34961]). Current status: Valid as Ophioblennius macclurei (Silvester 1915). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

macleayi, Petroscirtes Ogilby [J. D.] 1886:38 [Catalogue of the fishes of New South Wales, with their principal synonyms; ref. 13268] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Lectotype: AMS I.16412-002 [ex MAMU F1038]. Paralectotypes: AMS I.16412-001 [ex MAMU F1038] (11). Replacement name for Petroscirtes fasciolatus Macleay 1881, secondarily preoccupied in Omobranchus by Blennechis fasciolatus Valenciennes 1836. Lectotype selected by Springer & Gomon 1975:67 [ref. 6083]. •Valid as Omobranchus macleayi (Ogilby 1887) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:63 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:149 [ref. 4144], Hoese & Bray 2006:1558 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

macneilli, Salarias Whitley [G. P.] 1928:227, Pl. 18 (fig. 1) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 4661] Vanuatu. Holotype: AMS I.14286. Paratypes: AMS I.14287 (5). •Synonym of Praealticus bilineatus (Peters 1868) -- (Bath 1992:244 [ref. 20223]). Current status: Synonym of Praealticus bilineatus (Peters 1868). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

macropteryx, Blennius Günther [A.] (ex Rüppell) 1861:224 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: SMF (3). Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

macrospilus, Crossosalarias Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Springer [V. G.] 1971:21, Figs. 11, 26 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 73; ref. 4145] East of Kieta Peninsula, north end of Bougainville Island, Solomon Islands, 6°12'S, 155°40'E, western Pacific, depth 1-8 meters. Holotype: USNM 203096. Paratypes: ANSP 109689 (1); BPBM 7460 (1); CAS 24154 (1); USNM 203764 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:29 [ref. 13621], Springer et al. 1991:13 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Crossosalarias macrospilus Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:298 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:379 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:379 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:224 [ref. 23965], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1104 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:397 [ref. 25191], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290] as macrospilos, Nakabo 2002:1104 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:488 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1546 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Fricke et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Crossosalarias macrospilus Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Philippines, Fiji and Tonga, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

macrospilus, Entomacrodus Springer [V. G.] 1967:147, Pl. 30 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 122 (no. 3582); ref. 18947] East side of Anaho Bay, Marquesas Islands, South Pacific. Holotype: USNM 200279. Paratypes: USNM 200280 (5). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:13 [ref. 18888] [wrongly as 50 specimens in 200280]. •In genus Entomacrodus -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:57 [ref. 4145]). •Valid as Entomacrodus macrospilus Springer 1967 -- (Randall & Earle 2000:18 [ref. 25806], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Randall 2005:492 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus macrospilus Springer 1967. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

maculipinna, Chasmodes Regan [C. T.] 1903:630 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 12 (no. 72) (art. 64); ref. 13401] Río Durango, northwestern Ecuador. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1902.5.27.30. •Probably a Hypseblennius -- (Springer 1959:321 [ref. 22248]). •Valid as Hypsoblennius maculipinna (Regan 1903) -- (Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Bath 2000:176 [ref. 25102], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194], Barriga S. 2014:119 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:342 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Hypsoblennius maculipinna (Regan 1903). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Costa Rica south to Ecuador. Habitat: brackish, marine.

madagascariensis, Xiphogadus Playfair [R. L.] 1868:11 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1868 (pt 1); ref. 14077] Mouroundava River, Madagascar (stomach content). Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5545. •Synonym of Xiphasia setifer Swainson 1839 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:70 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Xiphasia setifer Swainson 1839. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

magnusi, Lophalticus kirkii Klausewitz [W.] 1964:133, Figs. 9-10 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 45 (no. 2); ref. 2295] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Holotype: SMF 6444. Paratypes: BMNH 1887.11.11.238-239 (2), SMF 6443 (1), ?ZMB 1960 (ca. 10). •Synonym of Alticus kirkii (Günther 1868), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Dor 1984:226 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:58 [ref. 25356]). •Valid as Alticus magnusi (Klausewitz 1964) -- (DiBattista et al. 2015:20 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:137 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Alticus magnusi (Klausewitz 1964). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Socotra. Habitat: marine.

mandibularis, Ecsenius McCulloch [A. R.] 1923:122, Pl. 15 (figs. 1-2b) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 14 (no. 2); ref. 2946] Masthead Island, off Port Curtis, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.7112. Paratypes: (22) AMS I.7113-6. •Valid as Ecsenius mandibularis McCulloch 1923 -- (Springer 1971:39 [ref. 7707], Springer 1988:119 [ref. 6804], Randall et al. 1990:380 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1997:380 [ref. 25919], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Hoese & Bray 2006:1548 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Allen et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36633]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius mandibularis McCulloch 1923. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

maoricus, Blennius Kner [R.] 1864:503 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 51; ref. 4928] Auckland, New Zealand [in error]. Holotype (unique): NMW 78544. Apparently appeared first as above, then in Kner 1865:195, Pl. 8 (fig. 3) [ref. 18427]. See Bath 2008:79 [ref. 29600] for comments on status and locality. •Synonmy of Blennius tasmanianus Richardson 1842 -- (Bath 2008:78 [ref. 29600]). •Valid as Blennius maoricus Kner 1864 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396]). •Synonym of Parablennius tasmanianus (Richardson 1842), Current status: Synonym of Parablennius tasmanianus (Richardson 1842). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

marcusi, Salarias Bryan [W. A.] & Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1903:137 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 15652] Marcus Island, western Pacific. Holotype: BPBM 2456. Paratypes: ANSP 82136 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:29 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

margaritaceus, Salarias Poey [F.] 1860:289 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 12513. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:218 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Entomacrodus nigricans Gill 1859 -- (Springer 1967:126 [ref. 18947]). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus nigricans Gill 1859. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

margaritarius, Alticus Snyder [J. O.] 1908:106 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 35 (no. 1635); ref. 4150] Pools at Tanegashima, Osumi Islands, Japan. Holotype: USNM 62243. Paratypes: CAS-SU 21094 (9), 21109 (14). Additional material: USNM 74545 (25), 74586 (32). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:91 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:13 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Praealticus bilineatus (Peters 1869) -- (Bath 1992:244 [ref. 20223]). •Valid as Praealticus margaritarius (Snyder 1908) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:300 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:112 [ref. 21281], Shen et al. 1986:28 [ref. 13821], Nakabo 2000:1100 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1100 [ref. 26193], Motomura et al. 2010:195 [ref. 31256]). Current status: Valid as Praealticus margaritarius (Snyder 1908). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

margaritatus, Alticus Kendall [W. C.] & Radcliffe [L.] 1912:157, Pl. 7 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 35 (no. 3); ref. 14961] Pago Pago, American Samoa. Holotype: USNM 65409. Paratypes: USNM 307221 (1, head partially dissected). Plus 25 additional paratypes or additional specimens. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:14 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Praealticus margaritatus (Kendall & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Bath 1992:261 [ref. 20223], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:502 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Praealticus margaritatus (Kendall & Radcliffe 1912). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

marginatus, Petroscirtes (Dasson) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1976:43, Fig. 112 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 19; ref. 4144] South China Sea. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1848.3.16.151. •Valid as Petroscirtes marginatus Smith-Vaniz 1976 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1987:2 [ref. 6404], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Smith-Vaniz 2005:35 [ref. 28343], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Petroscirtes marginatus Smith-Vaniz 1976. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

marinus, Blennius Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 117 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. Blenniidae.

marmoratus, Blennius Bennett [E. T.] 1828:35 [Zoological Journal, London v. 4 (no. 13, art. 3); ref. 16783] Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Entomacrodus marmoratus (Bennett 1828) -- (Springer 1967:44 [ref. 18947], Lobel & Lobel 2004:75 [ref. 27576], Mundy 2005:463 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:381 [ref. 30952]). •Valid as Parablennius marmoratus [sic] (Bennett 1828) -- (Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396] [genus incorrect, pers. comm. V. G. Springer, 17/4/2012]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus marmoratus (Bennett 1828). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Petroscirtes Liénard [F.] in Sauvage 1891:384 [Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar; ref. 14503] [Ile Maurice] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean; Ternate, Molucca, Indonesia. No types known. Based on 'Blennechis marbré' of Liénard 1839:39 [ref. 17536]; description quoted from Liénard. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Petroskirtes marmoratus Bleeker 1875. •Synonym of Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1830 -- (Fricke 1999:488 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1830. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Petroskirtes Bleeker [P.] (ex Liénard) 1874:74 [Poissons de Madagascar et de l'Ile la Réunion Part 4; ref. 443] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Original genus should have been Petroscirtes. Available as "Petroskirtes marmoratus Blkr = Blennechis marbré Lién. [Liénard 1839:39 [ref. 17536]] = Petroskirtes Thepassi Blkr?" For date of publication (as laterst in Dec. 1974), see Kottelat 2013 [ref. 32740]. •Synonym of Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1830 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:32 [ref. 4144], Fricke 1999:488 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1830. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

marmoreus, Blennius Poey [F.] 1876:172 [130] [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 5 (for 5 Apr. 1876); ref. 3510] Cuba. No types known. On p. 130 of separate. •Valid as Parablennius marmoreus (Poey 1876) -- (Greenfield & Johnson 1981:72 [ref. 5580], Robins & Ray 1986:229 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:161 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1994:131 [ref. 24488], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:310 [ref. 25013], Schwartz 2000:16 [ref. 24409], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:96 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:639 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:72 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34961], Spier et al. 2018:15 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius marmoreus (Poey 1876). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

maroubrae, Macrurrhynchus Ogilby [J. D.] 1896:137 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 21 (pt 2); ref. 3270] Maroubra Beach, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.3504. •Synonym of Plagiotremus tapeinosoma (Bleeker 1857) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:138 [ref. 4144], Hoese & Bray 2006:1562 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Plagiotremus tapeinosoma (Bleeker 1857). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

marshallensis, Entomacrodus plurifilis Schultz [L. P.] & Chapman [W. M.] in Schultz et al. 1960:341, Fig. 121 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 2; ref. 3972] Reef at entrance of channel, Enyu Island, Bikini Atoll, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 142155. Paratypes: HUJ [ex USNM 142178] (8); USNM 142156-65 (29, 4, 1, 1, 1, 3, 45, 3, 3, 5), 142166 (113, now 105), 142167-77 (21, 2, 1, 1, 3, 2, 5, 39, 178, 6, 12), 142179-80 (13, 5), 142181 (1, different species). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:14 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Entomacrodus striatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1967:73 [ref. 18947]). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus striatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

martini, Salarias Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1942:2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 55; ref. 11018] Reef at Estancia, Panay, Philippines. Holotype: CAS-SU 38253. Paratypes: (226) AMS IB.3444 (6); FMNH 40727-33 (7); CAS-SU 38249 (now 100), 38254 (10); USNM 123655 (6), 323836 [ex CAS-SU 38249] (2, c&s). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:94 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:14 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Istiblennius colei (Herre 1934) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:161 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius colei (Herre 1934). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

masyae, Petroscirtes Smith [H. M.] 1934:316 [Journal of the Siam Society, Natural History Supplement v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 4052] Tidepool on Koh Chula, Gulf of Thailand off southeastern Thailand. Holotype (unique): KUMF 0176. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:7 [ref. 23217]. •Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:53 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:149 [ref. 4144], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

matsubarai, Xiphasia Okada [Y.] & Suzuki [K.] 1952:75, Fig. [Report of Faculty of Fisheries, Prefectural University of Mie v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 12712] Off Owashi, Japan, Sea of Japan. Holotype (unique): FRLM 4052. •Valid as Xiphasia matsubarai Okada & Suzuki 1952 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:72 [ref. 4144], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:297 [ref. 6441], Springer 1986:754 [ref. 5719], Smith-Vaniz 1987:5 [ref. 6404], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Bath & Miroz 1997:3 [ref. 23456], Myers 1999:220 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:1119 [ref. 25182], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1119 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:385 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:504 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1566 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:798 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Xiphasia matsubarai Okada & Suzuki 1952. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to to Mariana and Ellice islands, Andaman Islands, Indonesia and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

mazorkae, Ophioblennius Hildebrand [S. F.] 1946:384, Fig. 74 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 189; ref. 2161] Mazorka Island, Huaura Group, Peru, 11°23'S, 77°44'W, at surface under light. Holotype: USNM 128188. Paratypes: Gov't of Peru (2); USNM 128189 (66 or 67). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:14 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Scartichthys gigas (Steindachner 1876) -- (Williams 1990:24 [ref. 13549]). Current status: Synonym of Scartichthys gigas (Steindachner 1876). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

mccullochi, Salarias Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1923:25 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 63 (no. 2488); ref. 1474] Billinghausen Island, Polynesia. Holotype (unique): USNM 83293. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:15 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Istiblennius lineatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:98 [ref. 21878], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:199 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius lineatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

mekranensis, Petroscirtes Regan [C. T.] 1905:328 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 16; ref. 15386] Jask, Mekran Coast, Iran, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1904.5.25.94. •Valid as Omobranchus mekranensis (Regan 1905) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:50 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:149 [ref. 4144], Randall 1995:320 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:210 [ref. 23922], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:205 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus mekranensis (Regan 1905). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman east to Pakistan and Laccadive Islands. Habitat: marine.

melanio, Blennius Kessler [K. F.] 1859:230 [Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou v. 32 (no. 3); ref. 18391] Sevastopol, Crimea, Ukraine. Syntypes: (2) not found at ZIN. Also appeared as new in Kessler 1860:168 [ref. 18393]. •Synonym of Parablennius sanguinolentus (Pallas 1814) -- (Parin 2003:S23 [ref. 28536] with question, Parin et al. 2014:469 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius sanguinolentus (Pallas 1814). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

melanocephalus, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1849:18 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Pagotang, southern Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 6297 (95.4 mm TL). Paralectotypes: RMNH 26063 [ex RMNH 6297] (possibly some of 13). Possibly only one specimen originally, but RMNH 6297 designated lectotype by Springer & Williams 1994:121 [ref. 21878]. •Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Kottelat 2013:382 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

melanosoma, Salarias Regan [C. T.] 1909:406, Pl. 66 (fig. 5) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1909 (pt 2) (art. 3) (for 6 Apr. 1909); ref. 14412] Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Syntypes: (6) BMNH 1909.3.4.52-57 (orig. 5 or 6, now 4), USNM 157373 [ex BMNH] (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:15 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Ecsenius bicolor (Day 1888) -- (Springer 1971:25 [ref. 7707], Springer 1988:44 [ref. 6804], Bath & Patzner 1991:41 [ref. 19212]). Current status: Synonym of Ecsenius bicolor (Day 1888). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

melarchus, Ecsenius McKinney [J. F.] & Springer [V. G.] 1976:9, Fig. 5 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 236; ref. 7087] Off southwestern coast of Karimundjawa, north of Greater Mendjangan Island, about 5°52'30"S, 110°25'40"E, Indonesia, depth 0-40 feet. Holotype: USNM 212229. Paratypes: AM I.18491-001 (6); BPBM 18053 (4); CAS 34244 (3); USNM 201815 (1), 211893-94 (32, 8), 211896-97 (12, 6). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:15 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius melarchus McKinney & Springer 1976 -- (Springer 1988:34 [ref. 6804], Bath & Patzner 1991:42 [ref. 19212], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290] dated 1971, Springer & Allen 2001:154 [ref. 25668], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:815 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius melarchus McKinney & Springer 1976. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

meleagris, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:332 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Tasmania, Australia. Lectotype: MNHN A-1808. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-2041 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:29 [ref. 20734]. Lectotype selected by Springer & Williams 1994:130 [ref. 21878] who regard type locality as in error. •Valid as Istiblennius meleagris (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:130 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:385 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:337 [ref. 23929], Springer & Williams 1994:126 [ref. 21878], Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:385 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:746 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Hoese & Bray 2006:1552 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Larson et al. 2013:180 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Istiblennius meleagris (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

meniscus, Omobranchus Springer [V. G.] & Gomon [M. F.] 1975:52, Fig. 25 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 177; ref. 6083] Mouth of river at Chantabun, Thailand. Holotype: USNM 119685. Paratypes: USNM 211153 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:15 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Omobranchus smithi (Rao 1974) -- (Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus smithi (Rao 1974). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: brackish.

menos, Hirculops cornifer Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:247, Pls. 16 (fig. 6), 19 (fig. G) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 14; ref. 4123] Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 287. Paratypes: (many) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 240 (1). •Synonym of Hirculops cornifer (Rüppell 1830) -- (Springer 1986:747 [ref. 5719]). Current status: Synonym of Hirculops cornifer (Rüppell 1830). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

microstomus, Blennius Poey [F.] 1860:288 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. No types known. •Synonym of Scartella cristata (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bath 1990:912 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Scartella cristata (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

midas, Ecsenius (Anthiiblennius) Starck [W. A., II] 1969:2, Figs. 1, 3, 4 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 419; ref. 4192] D'Arros Island, Amirante Islands, western Indian Ocean, depth 85 feet. Holotype: ANSP 111148. Paratypes: ANSP 111149 (1), 111854 (1, c&s); USNM 202422 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:29 [ref. 13621], Springer et al. 1991:15 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius midas Starck 1969 -- (Springer 1971:13 [ref. 7707], Springer 1972:1 [ref. 7647], Dor 1984:228 [ref. 29757], Springer 1986:745 [ref. 5719], Springer 1988:37 [ref. 6804], Winterbottom et al. 1989:60 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:381 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:59 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:381 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:224 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:478 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:1109 [ref. 25182], Randall & Earle 2000:18 [ref. 25806], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Springer & Allen 2001:152 [ref. 25668], Nakabo 2002:1109 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:383 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:489 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1548 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:95 [ref. 30213], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:248 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:191 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:815 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988], Attaran-Farimani et al. 2016:176 [ref. 34175], Fricke et al. 2018:309 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:139 [ref. 36273], Allen et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36633]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius midas Starck 1969. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia, New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

minutus, Blennius Rathke [H.] 1836:40 [330, 444-445] [Mémoires présentés à l'Académie impériale des sciences de St.-Pétersbourg par divers savaus et lus dans ses assemblées. Mémoires des savaus étrangers v. 3; ref. 18611] Balaklawa, Black Sea. Syntypes: (3) [whereabouts unknown] •Synonym of Parablennius tentacularis (Brünnich 1768) -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Parin 2003:S23 [ref. 28536], Parin et al. 2014:469 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius tentacularis (Brünnich 1768). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

minutus, Blennius Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 117 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Blennius minutus Rathke 1837. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

minutus, Ecsenius Klausewitz [W.] 1963:357, Figs. 1-2 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 44 (no. 5); ref. 4942] Addu Atoll, Maldives, Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SMF 6367. •Synonym of Ecsenius nalolo Smith 1959 -- (Springer 1971:33 [ref. 7707]). •Valid as Ecsenius minutus Klausewitz 1963 -- (Springer 1988:71 [ref. 6804], Springer & Randall 1999:45 [ref. 24274], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius minutus Klausewitz 1963. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

minutus, Fallacirripectes Schultz [L. P.] & Chapman [W. M.] in Schultz et al. 1960:363, Fig. 124 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 2; ref. 3972] Ocean reef in surf, Eman Island, Bikini Atoll, Marshall Is, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 142153. Paratypes: USNM 142149-51 (6, 2, 1), 142152 (3, not 2, c&s). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:15 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Stanulus seychellensis Smith 1959 -- (Springer 1968:113 [ref. 7921]). Current status: Synonym of Stanulus seychellensis Smith 1959. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

minutus, Hypsoblennius Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1928:943, Pl. 96 (fig. 1) [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 15 (publ. 249); ref. 2964] Chame Point, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype: USNM 81936. Paratypes: USNM 81935 (3). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:15 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Parahypsos piersoni (Gilbert & Starks 1904) -- (Bath 1987:324 [ref. 6305], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Parahypsos piersoni (Gilbert & Starks 1904). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

mitratus, Petroscirtes Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1830:111, Pl. 28 (fig. 1) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Jubal Island, Egypt, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): SMF 1858 [or 1853]. •Valid as Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1830 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:32 [ref. 4144], Dor 1984:223 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:297 [ref. 6441], Springer 1986:753 [ref. 5719], Shen et al. 1986:51 [ref. 13821], Allen & Swainston 1988:128 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:61 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:371 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:322 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:206 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:211 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:328 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:371 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:219 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:487 [ref. 24106], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1114 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290] dated 1828, Nakabo 2002:1114 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830] dated 1828, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:170 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:499 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1561 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:97 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:195 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:794 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2018:314 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:141 [ref. 36273], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Petroscirtes mitratus Rüppell 1830. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), One Tree Island (Queensland, Australia), and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

modestus, Salarias Philippi [R. A.] 1896:381 [Anales de la Universidad de Chile 93-95; ref. 3465] Chile. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Scartichthys viridis (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Williams 1990:27 [ref. 13549]). Current status: Synonym of Scartichthys viridis (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

monochrus, Alticus Bleeker [P.] 1869:234 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 3; ref. 426] Samberano River, Madagascar. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4474. •Valid as Alticus monochrus Bleeker 1869 -- (Bath 1986:355 [ref. 6217], Poll & Gosse 1995:119 [ref. 24781], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Fricke et al. 2009:94 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396], Fricke et al. 2018:306 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Alticus monochrus Bleeker 1869. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Madagascar, Mascarenes (Réunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues). Habitat: brackish, marine.

monoculus, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:57, Pl. 7 (fig. 4); Fig. 32d [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Northwestern side of Putic Island, Cuyo Islands, 10°55'05"N, 121°02'03"E, Philippine Is, depth 0-4.6 meters. Holotype: USNM 261243. Paratypes: AMS I.21909-001 (2); BPBM 18046 (1), 18048-49 (1, 1), 18052 (4); USNM 209577 (7), 211925 (7), 219308-09 (1, 18), 225049-50 (5, 7), 226575 (6), 226577-81 (5, 15, 31, 1, 7), 227537 (1), 228926 (2), 228928 (1). Additional material: CAS 13464 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:15 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius monoculus Springer 1988 -- (Springer & Randall 1999:41 [ref. 24274], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:116 [ref. 25868], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:816 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius monoculus Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: West Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines and South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

montagui, Blennius Fleming [J.] 1828:206 [A history of British animals; ref. 1339] South coast of Devon, England. No types known. •Synonym of Coryphoblennius galerita (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bath 1973:526 [ref. 7212], Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1098 [ref. 13677], Bath 1990:906 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Parin 2003:S22 [ref. 28536], Parin et al. 2014:468 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphoblennius galerita (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

montanoi, Salarias Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:219 [9] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 19970] Albay Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2199. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:29 [ref. 20734]. On p. 9 of separate. •Valid as Alticus montanoi (Sauvage 1880) -- (Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:632 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:799 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Alticus montanoi (Sauvage 1880). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

morsitans, Blennius Bosc [L. A. G.] in Lacepède 1800:493, Pl. 13 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Carolina, U.S.A. Author is L. A. G. Bosc. Name first published in the synonymy of Blennius bosquianus Lacepède 1800. Made available to Bosc 1800 by Bloch & Schneider 1801:550 [ref. 471] who treated the name as valid. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

mossambicus, Meiacanthus Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:233, Pl. 17 (fig. 8) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 14; ref. 4123] Pinda, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 216. Paratypes: (13) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 724 (1). •Valid as Meiacanthus mossambicus Smith 1959 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:97 [ref. 4144], Smith-Vaniz 1987:9 [ref. 6404], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:33 [ref. 26213], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Fricke et al. 2018:313 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36871] as cf. mossambicus). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus mossambicus Smith 1959. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa to Comoros and Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

muelleri, Salarias Klunzinger [C. B.] 1879:258 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 22); ref. 18913] Hobson's Bay, Victoria, Australia [probably incorrect]. Holotype (unique): SMNS 1579. Type catalog: Fricke 1992:6 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:18 [ref. 29864] dated to 1880. Name appeared as Mülleri in original. Also appeared in Klunzinger 1880:388 [64 of separate] [ref. 2624]. •Valid as Istiblennius muelleri (Klunzinger 1879) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:149 [ref. 21878], Shen et al. 1986:40 [ref. 13821] as mülleri, Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Randall 2007:383 [ref. 30952], Allen & Erdmann 2012:828 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Istiblennius muelleri (Klunzinger 1879). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: West Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

multifilis, Blennius Girard [C. F.] 1858:169 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 10; ref. 1813] St. Joseph Island, Texas, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 8168. Paralectotypes: USNM 324198 [ex 8168, ex orig. 649] (16). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:15 [ref. 18888]. See also Girard 1859:27, Pl. 12 (fig. 6) [ref. 13405]. Lectotype selected by Bath 1994:69 [ref. 21627]. •Valid as Hypleurochilus multifilis (Girard 1858) -- (Bath 1994:64 [ref. 21627], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Nelson et al. 2004:166 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:632 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Pinheiro et al. 2013:95 [ref. 32885]). Current status: Valid as Hypleurochilus multifilis (Girard 1858). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

multilineatus, Salarias Fowler [H. W.] 1945:68, Fig. 14 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 97; ref. 13142] Saipan Island, western Pacific. Holotype: ANSP 71602. Paratypes: ANSP 71601 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:29 [ref. 13621] with note that original description indicates "only the type secured", however author cataloged 2 specimens as type and paratype. •Synonym of Istiblennius lineatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:98 [ref. 21878], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:199 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius lineatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

multimaculatus, Laiphognathus Smith [J. L. B.] 1955:24, Fig. 29 [Memorias do Museu Dr. Alvaro de Castro No. 3; ref. 4101] Pemba Island, off Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 237. Paratypes: (1) not researched. •Valid as Laiphognathus multimaculatus Smith 1955 -- (Springer 1972:9 [ref. 4178], Springer 1981:700 [ref. 8545], Springer 1986:749 [ref. 5719], Allen & Swainston 1988:128 [ref. 25477], Hiramatsu & Machida 1990 [ref. 16611], Lin et al. 1994:174 [ref. 21512], Allen 1997:206 [ref. 23977], Johnson 1999:746 [ref. 25471] as cf multimaculatus, Kubo & Sasaki 2000:193 [ref. 24530], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1110 [ref. 25182], Shimizu 2001:36 [ref. 25799], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1110 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Bray 2006:1553 [ref. 29000], Murase 2007:287 [ref. 29243], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:250 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:783 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:180 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Laiphognathus multimaculatus Smith 1955. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa south to Mozambique, east to New Guinea and Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia. Habitat: marine.

multistriatus, Praealticus Bath [H.] 1992:273, Figs. 46 m-p, 47-51 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 72 (nos 4/6); ref. 20223] Tongatapu, near Houma village, Blowhole area, Tonga Islands, Pacific. Holotype: USNM 313659. Paratypes: BPBM 34541 (7), CAS 75429 (1), SMF 18065 (1), USNM 314609 (6). •Valid as Praealticus multistriatus Bath 1992 -- (Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:502 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Praealticus multistriatus Bath 1992. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Tonga. Habitat: marine.

muscarus, Salarias Snyder [J. O.] 1908:109 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 35 (no. 1635); ref. 4150] Naha, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): USNM 62245. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:16 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Blenniella periophthalmus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:65 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella periophthalmus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

musilae, Alticus Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:425, Fig. 104 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51790. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8693 (2), USNM 307222 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:91 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:16 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Entomacrodus thalassinus (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Springer 1967:144 [ref. 18947]). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus thalassinus (Jordan & Seale 1906). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

naevius, Meiacanthus (Meiacanthus) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1987:20, Fig. 7d [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 139; ref. 6404] Clerke Reef, 2 kilometers south of Bedwell Island, Western Australia, 17°18'S, 119°20'E. Holotype (unique): WAM P.28030-017. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:37 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:40 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Meiacanthus naevius Smith-Vaniz 1987 -- (Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:32 [ref. 26213], Hoese & Bray 2006:1554 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011:56 [ref. 31543]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus naevius Smith-Vaniz 1987. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

nalolo, Ecsenius Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:245, Fig. 10 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 14; ref. 4123] Pinda, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 254. Paratypes: (9) not researched. •Valid as Ecsenius nalolo Smith 1959 -- (Springer 1971:33 [ref. 7707], Dor 1984:229 [ref. 29757], Springer 1986:746 [ref. 5719], Springer 1988:72 [ref. 6804], Winterbottom et al. 1989:60 [ref. 13251], Goren & Dor 1994:59 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:315 [ref. 22896], Springer & Randall 1999:45 [ref. 24274], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Attaran-Farimani et al. 2016:176 [ref. 34175], Fricke et al. 2018:310 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:139 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius nalolo Smith 1959. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Central and southern Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Comoros, Madagascar and Cargados Carajos east to Maldives and Chagos Archipelago. Former northern Red Sea records are now assigned to E. dentex Springer 1988. Habitat: marine.

namiyei, Salarias Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1902:362, Fig. 25 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 25 (no. 1289); ref. 2447] Hokuto, Taipei City [Hokoto] or Pescadores Islands, Taiwan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 5726 [orig. no. 278] (apparently lost). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:54 [ref. 31432] •Valid as Ecsenius namiyei (Jordan & Evermann 1902) -- (Springer 1971:29 [ref. 7707], Shen et al. 1986:20 [ref. 13821], Springer 1988:48 [ref. 6804], Bath & Patzner 1991:42 [ref. 19212], Springer 1991:101 [ref. 18995], Hiramatsu et al. 1993:2 [ref. 24325], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Springer & Randall 1999:39 [ref. 24274], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1109 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290] dating to 1903, Springer & Allen 2001:153 [ref. 25668], Nakabo 2002:1109 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:387, 649 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830] dating to 1903, Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Hoese & Bray 2006:1548 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:191 [ref. 31256], Ho & Shao 2011:54 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:816 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius namiyei (Jordan & Evermann 1902). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Australia north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

natalis, Salarias Regan [C. T.] 1909:405, Pl. 66 (fig. 4) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1909 (pt 2) (art. 3) (for 6 Apr. 1909); ref. 14412] Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Syntypes: (11) BMNH 1909.3.4.58-67 (orig. 10, now 9), USNM 157347 [ex BMNH 1909.3.4.58-67] (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:16 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Praealticus natalis (Regan 1909) -- (Bath 1992:266 [ref. 20223], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:830 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Praealticus natalis (Regan 1909). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Christmas Island; western Pacific: Mariana Islands. Habitat: marine.

nativitatis, Blennius Regan [C. T.] 1909:404, Pl. 66 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1909 (pt 2) (art. 3) (for 6 Apr. 1909); ref. 14412] Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Lectotype: BMNH 1909.3.4.42. Paralectotypes: (several) BMNH 1909.3.4.43-52 (orig. 16, now 14), USNM 157372 [ex BMNH 1909.3.4.50-51] (2). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:16 [ref. 18888] as nativitatus. Lectotype designated by Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:33 [ref. 4145]. The original spelling in the text and on the plate was nativitatis, and that spelling apparently should be used. •Valid as Nannosalarias nativitatis (Regan 1909) [sometimes as nativitatus] -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:33 [ref. 4145], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:298 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:386 [ref. 15987], Bath & Patzner 1991:50 [ref. 19212], Randall et al. 1997:386 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:228 [ref. 23965], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122] as nativittatis, Nakabo 2000:1105 [ref. 25182] as nativitatus, Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290] as nativitatus, Nakabo 2002:1105 [ref. 26193] as nativitatus, Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830] as nativitatus, Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624] as nativitatus, Randall 2005:498 [ref. 28239] as nativitatus, Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:347 [ref. 28867] as nativitatus, Hoese & Bray 2006:1555 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Murase et al. 2011:67 [ref. 32403] as nativitatus, Allen & Erdmann 2012:829 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:151 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:85 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Nannosalarias nativitatis (Regan 1909). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Islands east to Philippines and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

nebulosus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:30 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:10 [ref. 3595]. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

neilli, Salarias Day [F.] 1888:263 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1888 (pt 3) (art. 4) (for 1 May 1888); ref. 14480] Karachi, Pakistan. Syntypes: BMNH 1889.2.1.3372-3381 (11). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. •Synonym of Parablennius opercularis (Murray 1887) -- (Bath 1989:311 [ref. 13309], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:203 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius opercularis (Murray 1887). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

nicholsi, Blennius Tavolga [W. N.] 1954:135, Figs. 1-4 [Copeia 1954 (no. 2); ref. 12666] Matanzas River inlet, south of St. Augustine, St. Johns County, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: AMNH 19863. Paratypes: AMNH 19864-65 (1, 1), 19866 (orig. 3, now 2); FMNH 47919 (1), 50563 (1); USNM 164016 [ex AMNH 19866] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:16 [ref. 12367], Springer et al. 1991:16 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Lupinoblennius nicholsi (Tavolga 1954) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:229 [ref. 23100], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:406 [ref. 24550], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:166 [ref. 27754], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:636 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Machado et al. 2017:2394 [ref. 35374], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407]). Current status: Valid as Lupinoblennius nicholsi (Tavolga 1954). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nicholsi, Labroblennius Borodin [N. A.] 1928:31, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Bulletin Vanderbilt Oceanographic Museum v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 526] Costa Rica (Pacific). Syntypes: VMM 408 (2) (now at AMNH). •Synonym of Ophioblennius steindachneri subspecies steindachneri Jordan & Evermann 1898 -- (Springer 1962:428 [ref. 6500]). •In genus Ophioblennius -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:58 [ref. 4145]). Current status: Synonym of Ophioblennius steindachneri Jordan & Evermann 1898. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

niger, Blennius Metzelaar [J.] 1919:290, Fig. 62 [Report on the fishes; ref. 2982] Rio de Oro, Mauritania, western Africa. Holotype (unique): ZMA 102170. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:94 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Bath 1990:909 [ref. 19373], Bath & Wirtz 1992:274 [ref. 19831]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

niger, Salarias Kossmann [R.] & Räuber [H.] 1877:402 [Verhandlungen des Naturhistorisch-Medizinischen Vereins zu Heidelberg. v. 1; ref. 18432] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: (6) ZMB 9854 (2). Perhaps independent of, and secondarily preoccupied by Blennius niger Valenciennes 1836. Also appeared in Kossmann & Räuber 1877:21, Pisces Pl. 2 (fig. 8) [ref. 14246]. •Synonym of Atrosalarias fuscus (Rüppell 1838) -- (Springer & Smith-Vaniz 1968:4 [ref. 36386]). •In genus Atrosalarias -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:58 [ref. 4145]). Current status: Synonym of Atrosalarias fuscus (Rüppell 1838). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

niger, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:327 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Red Sea. Syntypes: ZMB 9854 (2) [but not types]. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:35-36 [ref. 20734] but specimens are types of Salarias niger Kossmann & Räuber 1877 (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:58 [ref. 4145]). •Synonym of Atrosalarias fuscus (Rüppell 1838) -- (Dor 1984:228 [ref. 29757], Golani & Fricke 2018:138 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Atrosalarias fuscus (Rüppell 1838). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

nigerrima, Enchelyurus flavipes var. Weber [M.] 1913:545 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Barang Island, near Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia, Siboga station 71. Syntypes: ZMA 112678 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:94 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Enchelyurus flavipes Peters 1868 -- (Springer 1972:6 [ref. 4178]). •Mention under Enchelyurus flavipes Peters 1868 -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:78 [ref. 6083]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelyurus flavipes Peters 1868. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

nigrescens, Blennius Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:215 [5] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 19970] Exped. de la Venus (Mai 1837) [Valparaiso, Chile or Callao, Peru based on date, not Madagascar]. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6379 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:12 [ref. 20734]. On p. 5 of separate. See Springer 1967:462 [ref. 30243] for comments on the type locality. •Synonym of Hypsoblennius sordidus (Bennett 1828) -- (Springer 1967:462 [ref. 30243], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsoblennius sordidus (Bennett 1828). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

nigricans, Entomacrodus Gill [T. N.] 1859:168 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 11; ref. 1755] Near Bridgetown, Barbados, West Indies. Holotype (unique): USNM 34625. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:16 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Entomacrodus nigricans Gill 1859 -- (Springer 1967:126 [ref. 18947], Springer 1972:12 [ref. 7647], Greenfield & Johnson 1981:67 [ref. 5580], Robins & Ray 1986:228 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1994:119 [ref. 24488], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:308 [ref. 25013], Springer & Fricke 2000:388 [ref. 24575], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:166 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:121 [ref. 26784], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Smith et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:166 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:629 [ref. 28815], Rangel & Mendes 2009:59 [ref. 30055] with Brazilian records probably misidentifications, Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Williams & Bogorodsky 2010:67 [ref. 30822], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:72 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34961]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus nigricans Gill 1859. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

nigriceps, Blennius Vinciguerra [D.] 1883:537 [73], Pl. 1 (fig. 5) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova v. 18; ref. 13336] Porto Milna, Brazza Island, Dalmatia [Croatia]. Holotype (unique): MSNG 12384. Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:340 [ref. 10350]. On p. 73 of separate. •Valid as Blennius nigriceps Vinciguerra 1883 -- (Bath 1973:522 [ref. 7212]). •Valid as Lipophrys nigriceps (Vinciguerra 1883) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1103 [ref. 13677], Wirtz & Bath 1989:26 [ref. 9298], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:123 [ref. 26753] but as a valid subspecies, Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Fricke et al. 2007:98 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:59 [ref. 36649]). •Valid as Microlipophrys nigriceps (Vinciguerra 1883) -- (Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:8 [ref. 31156], Levy et al. 2011:410 [ref. 31177], Tiralongo et al. 2015:98 [ref. 35855], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Microlipophrys nigriceps (Vinciguerra 1883). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea and Sea of Marmara endemic. Habitat: marine.

nigripes, Salarias Seale [A.] 1901:127 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 14357] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Syntypes: (30) ANSP 82128 (15) Agana, BPBM 271 (14). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:29 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Cirripectes variolosus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Williams 1988:70 [ref. 7000], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495]). Current status: Synonym of Cirripectes variolosus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

nigrocinctus, Salarias Bath [H.] 1996:57, Figs. 1-6 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 75 (nos 1/2); ref. 22028] Neiafu Island, Vava'u Group, Tonga Islands, 18°39'00"S, 174°00'30"W. Holotype: USNM 292004. Paratypes: SMF 18076 (1), USNM 329541 (1). •Valid as Salarias nigrocinctus Bath 1996 -- (Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:503 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Salarias nigrocinctus Bath 1996. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Tonga. Habitat: marine.

nigrolineatus, Meiacanthus Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1969:351, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 82; ref. 18727] Straits of Jubal, Egypt, 27°14'34"N, 33°53'55"E, Red Sea. Holotype: USNM 200301. Paratypes: USNM 200601 (4, 1 c&s), 201480 (3), 201485 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:16 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Meiacanthus nigrolineatus Smith-Vaniz 1969 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:95 [ref. 4144], Dor 1984:223 [ref. 29757], Smith-Vaniz 1987:30 [ref. 6404], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:33 [ref. 26213], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011:40 [ref. 31543], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:140 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus nigrolineatus Smith-Vaniz 1969. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Socotra. Habitat: marine.

nigropunctatus, Rhabdoblennius Bath [H.] 2004:8, Figs. 8-9 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 669; ref. 28017] E'ua Island, Ha'aluma Beach on southwest coast, 21°25'45"S, 174°56'50"W, Tonga, depth 0-3 feet. Holotype: USNM 335240. Paratypes: SMNS 23503 (1), USNM 373498 (24). Plus additional non-type material. Type catalog: Fricke 2005:18 [ref. 29864] with non-types as paratypes. •Valid as Rhabdoblennius nigropunctatus Bath 2004 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Rhabdoblennius nigropunctatus Bath 2004. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: South Pacific: Ono-i-Lau (Fiji) and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

nigrovittatus, Salarias Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:136 [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype: SMF 1680 (poor condition). •Synonym of Ecsenius frontalis (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1971:15 [ref. 7707] with question, Dor 1984:229 [ref. 29757], Springer 1988:41 [ref. 6804], Golani & Fricke 2018:139 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Ecsenius frontalis (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

nitidus, Salarias Fourmanoir [P.] 1955:207 [Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar. Série A, Biologie Animale v. 9; ref. 12271] Domoni, Anjouan Island, Comoro Islands. Syntypes: IRSMNB (2) (lost). Also appeared as new in Fourmanoir 1957:264 [ref. 11992]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salarias nitidus Günther 1861, replaced by Salarias fourmanoiri Whitley 1970. •Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

nitidus, Salarias Günther [A.] 1861:243 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] China. Syntypes: (4) BMNH 1848.3.16.124 (1), 1848.3.16.125 (2?), 1855.9.19.712 (1). •In genus Rhabdoblennius -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:58 [ref. 4145]). •Valid as Rhabdoblennius nitidus (Günther 1861) -- (Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Bath 2004:12 [ref. 28017], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:198 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:832 [ref. 31980], Koeda et al. 2016:86 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Rhabdoblennius nitidus (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia, Philippines, China, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands and Japan. Habitat: marine.

niuafoouensis, Salarias Fowler [H. W.] 1932:7, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 81 (no. 2931); ref. 16368] Niuafoou Island, Tonga Islands. Holotype: USNM 91932. Paratypes: USNM 138298 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:17 [ref. 18888]. •Tentatively a synonym of Entomacrodus epalzeocheilos (Bleeker 1859) -- (Randall 2005:492 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Entomacrodus niuafoouensis (Fowler 1932) -- (Springer 1967:66 [ref. 18947], Springer 1972:11 [ref. 7647], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:298 [ref. 6441], Shen et al. 1986:32 [ref. 13821], Paulin et al. 1989:222 [ref. 24556], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Francis & Randall 1993:133 [ref. 20996], Myers 1999:225 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:25 [ref. 25829], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1099 [ref. 25182], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1099 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Stewart et al. 2015:1535 [ref. 34301], Koeda et al. 2016:85 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:311 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus niuafoouensis (Fowler 1932). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Madagascar; Ogasawara Islands and Mariana Islands to Kermadec Islands and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

niue, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 2002:3, Fig. 2a [Zootaxa No. 72; ref. 26322] Beveridge Reef, southeastern lagoon, Niue Island, 20°01.13'S, 167°46.36'W, depth 7-13 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.35765. Paratypes: NMNZ P.35793 (6). •Valid as Ecsenius niue Springer 2002, but inclined to treat as a subspecies of fijiensis Springer 1988 -- (Randall 2005:488 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius niue Springer 2002. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Niue Island, southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

normani, Blennius Poll [M.] 1949:244, Fig. 16 [Mémoires, Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 2.Séries, No. 33; ref. 13028] South of the mouth of the Congo River, Angola, depth 11-27 fathoms. Holotype: IRSNB 93. Paratypes: IRSNB 94-95 (1, 1). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:44 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:31 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Blennius normani Poll 1949 -- (Bath & Wirtz 1989:284 [ref. 13307], Bath 1990:905 [ref. 19373], Bath & Wirtz 1992:271 [ref. 19831], Bath & Miroz 1997:3 [ref. 23456], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Blennius normani Poll 1949. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

novemlineatus, Pholis Wood [W. W.] 1825:280 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 4 (pt 2); ref. 17840] Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 10410. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:140 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Chasmodes bosquianus (Lacepède 1800) -- (Springer 1959:327 [ref. 22248], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Javonillo & Harold 2010:9 [ref. 30906]). Current status: Synonym of Chasmodes bosquianus (Lacepède 1800). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

novemmaculosus, Alticus Snyder [J. O.] 1908:107 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 35 (no. 1635); ref. 4150] Naha, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: USNM 62244. Paratypes: CAS-SU 21110 (63). Additional material (some possibly types): FMNH (129); USNM 74546 (99, now 92), 74587 (72), 321108-11 (3, 1, 2, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:91 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:7 [ref. 12367], Springer et al. 1991:17 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Blenniella bilitonensis (Bleeker 1858) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:43 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella bilitonensis (Bleeker 1858). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

nuchifilis, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:253 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Ascension Island. Syntypes: MNHN A-1857 (3), A-1858 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:12-13 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Scartella nuchifilis (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1990:402 [ref. 15517], Bath 1990:913 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Rangel et al. 2004:90 [ref. 27822], Rangel & Mendes 2009:51 [ref. 30055] once as nuchifillis, Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Wirtz et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33516], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2806 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Scartella nuchifilis (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Ascension Island. Habitat: marine.

obliquus, Petroscirtes Garman [S.] 1903:237, Pl. 4 (fig. 3) [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 39 (no. 8); ref. 15030] Suva, Viti Levu, Fiji. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28297. •Synonym of Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:149 [ref. 4144]). •Synonym of Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881), but a valid subspecies -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:68 [ref. 6083], Springer 1981:703 [ref. 8545], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Mundy 2005:465 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Omobranchus obliquus (Garman 1903) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Kottelat et al. 1993:130 [ref. 23448], Myers 1999:220 [ref. 23965], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:498 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:378 [ref. 30952], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:251 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2011:575 [ref. 31520] as obliqus, Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:151 [ref. 33932]). •Valid as Petroscirtes obliquus Garman 1903 -- (Springer pers. comm, 7 Apr. 2015). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus obliquus (Garman 1903). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea east to Samoa and Tonga, south to New Caledonia, north to Japan; introduced in Hawaiian Islands and Kiribati. Habitat: brackish, marine.

obscurus, Blennius Lichtenstein [M. H. C.] 1823:117 [Verzeichniss der Doubletten des zoologischen Museums der Königl. Universität zu Berlin, nebst Beschreibung...; ref. 17525] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Try ZMB for type(s). Apparently an available overlooked name. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

obscurus, Exallias Borodin [N. A.] 1927:1, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 281; ref. 15779] Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): AMNH 9363. •Valid as Cirripectes obscurus (Borodin 1927) -- (Williams 1988:51 [ref. 7000], Mundy 2005:461 [ref. 28379], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Randall 2007:379 [ref. 30952], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2018:131 [ref. 36397]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes obscurus (Borodin 1927). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

obscurus, Salarias Bath [H.] 1992:225, Figs. 1-6, 11a-g [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 72 (nos 4/6); ref. 20222] Cuyo Island, Palawan Province, Philippines, 10°51'20"N, 121°00'14"E, depth 2-4 feet. Holotype: USNM 218705. Paratypes: BPBM 34522 (1); CAS 74736 (1); SMF 18063 (1); USNM 279624 (2), 315774 (21). •Valid as Salarias obscurus Bath 1992 -- (Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:835 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Salarias obscurus Bath 1992. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia, Indonesia and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

obtusus, Blennius Poey [F.] 2000:591, Pl. 324 (fig. 6) [Ictiologia Cubana. Posthumous transcription of original unpublished manuscript (1884) by M. Sánchez Roig and F. Gómez de la Maza v. 1-3; ref. 26366] Not available; not explicitly proposed as new [see Art. 16.1 of the Code]. Posthumous publication. Figured specimen listed as type. Blenniidae.

oceanicus, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:265 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Open Atlantic, 29°N, 50°W. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:17 [ref. 20734]. Based on a drawing. •Possible synonym of Parablennius fucorum (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1990:908 [ref. 19373]). •Synonym of Hypleurochilus fissicornis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Current status: Synonym of Hypleurochilus fissicornis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

ocellaris, Blennius Linnaeus [C.] 1758:256 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Europe. Syntypes: NRM 36 (2). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:265 [ref. 20707] with smaller syntype in NHRM LP 36 as putative lectotype. •Valid as Blennius ocellaris Linnaeus 1758 -- (Bath 1973:519 [ref. 7212], Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1098 [ref. 13677], Bath & Wirtz 1989:284 [ref. 13307], Bath & Miroz 1997:3 [ref. 23456], Santos et al. 1997:99 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:105 [ref. 24952], Gharred et al. 1998:101 [ref. 23486], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:121 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S22 [ref. 28536], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Fricke et al. 2007:97 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:128 [ref. 30517], Hastings & Springer 2009:72 [ref. 30395], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:58 [ref. 36649], Levy et al. 2011:410 [ref. 31177], Parin et al. 2014:468 [ref. 33547], Bañón et al. 2016:323 [ref. 34397], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Blennius ocellaris Linnaeus 1758. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: English Channel south to Morocco. Habitat: marine.

ocellatus, Blennius Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:103 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] False Bay, about 1 mile off Zwartklip, 9 fathoms, and about 2.5 miles off Seal Island, depth 14 fathoms, South Africa. Syntypes: (2) SAM 9895 (1). •Valid as Chalaroderma ocellata (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908) -- (Springer 1986:744 [ref. 5719], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Chalaroderma ocellata (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

oculatus, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:60, Pl. 7 (fig. 1); Fig. 32c [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Lagoon reef off Tantabiddi Creek, North West Cape, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.25368-023. Paratypes: AMS I.19641-016 (2); USNM 261219 (4); WAM P.25368-037 [ex P.25368-023] (3), P.25374-018 (9), P.25813-050 (1), P.26102-005 (1), P.26110-004 (24), P.26670-006 (3), P.27961-014 (1), P.27970-041 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:36 [ref. 19335], Springer et al. 1991:17 [ref. 18888], Moore et al. 2008:40 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Ecsenius oculatus Springer 1988 -- (Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977], Springer & Randall 1999:41 [ref. 24274], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1548 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:816 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius oculatus Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Christmas Island and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

oculus, Ecsenius (Ecsenius) Springer [V. G.] 1971:35, Fig. 31 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 72; ref. 7707] Immediately south of cut between large outstanding rock and Ch'uan-fan-shih, southern Taiwan, depth 6 meters. Holotype: USNM 203140. Paratypes: AMS I.6521-24 (4); BPBM 7464 (1), 7468 (13); CAS GVF 880 (1), 2113 (1); USNM 195716 (3, reidentified as E. portenoyi), 201522 (3), 201560 (2), 201811 (4), 203139 (3), 203141-42 (1, 4), 203923 (7). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:17 [ref. 18888], Ho & Shao 2011:54 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Ecsenius oculus Springer 1971 -- (Springer 1972:4 [ref. 7647], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:301 [ref. 6441], Shen et al. 1986:18 [ref. 13821], Springer 1988:62 [ref. 6804], Allen & Swainston 1988:130 [ref. 25477], Springer & Randall 1999:41 [ref. 24274], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1109 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:399 [ref. 25191], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1109 [ref. 26193], Patzner et al. 2009:452 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:191 [ref. 31256], Ho & Shao 2011:54 [ref. 31432], Murase et al. 2011:65 [ref. 32403], Allen & Erdmann 2012:817 [ref. 31980], Koeda et al. 2016:85 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius oculus Springer 1971. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines,Taiwan and southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

olivaceus, Salarias Blyth [E.] 1858:271 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 476] Port Blair, Andaman Islands. Neotype: USNM 242052. Neotype designated by Springer & Williams 1994:137 [ref. 21878]. •Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:131 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

oortii, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1851:257 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 16890] Pelabuanratu, 7°00'S, 106°32'E, Java, Indonesia. Neotype: USNM 72730. Neotype designated by Bath 1992:296 [ref. 20223]. •Valid as Praealticus oortii (Bleeker 1851) -- (Bath 1992:296 [ref. 20223], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:831 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Praealticus oortii (Bleeker 1851). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea and Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

opercularis, Salarias Murray [J. A.] 1887:48 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 22438] Manora rocks, Karachi, Pakistan. Syntypes: BMNH 1887.9.22.49-58 (11). •Valid as Parablennius opercularis (Murray 1887) -- (Bath 1989:311 [ref. 13309], Randall 1995:320 [ref. 22896], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Carpenter et al. 1997:210 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Hastings & Springer 2009:72 [ref. 30395], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:203 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius opercularis (Murray 1887). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf and Oman east to Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

ops, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] & Allen [G. R.] 2001:155, Figs. 5-6 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 25668] Tallabassi Bay, just off northwestern shore Big Damalawa Islet, about 5°17'20"S, about 122°04'E, Kabaena Island, Indonesia, depth 4-8 meters. Holotype: USNM 211897. Paratypes: AMS I.18491-001 (6); BPBM 29567 (3), 31158 (1), 32119 (3); CAS 62501 (4); SMF 18041 (1); USNM 349176 [ex USNM 211897] (5). •Valid as Ecsenius ops Springer & Allen 2001 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:817 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius ops Springer & Allen 2001. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

opsifrontalis, Ecsenius Chapman [W. M.] & Schultz [L. P.] 1952:521, Fig. 93 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 102 (3310); ref. 12643] Rongelap Atoll, Rongelap Island, Marshall Islands, depth 18 feet. Holotype: USNM 142065. Paratypes: USNM 142066 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:17 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius opsifrontalis Chapman & Schultz 1952 -- (Springer 1971:37 [ref. 7707], Springer 1972:4 [ref. 7647], Randall et al. 1990:379 [ref. 15987], Myers 1999:225 [ref. 23965], Springer & Randall 1999:44 [ref. 24274], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Springer 2002:5 [ref. 26322], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Attaran-Farimani et al. 2016:176 [ref. 34175]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius opsifrontalis Chapman & Schultz 1952. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

orientalis, Alticus Tomiyama [I.] 1955:10, Fig. 6 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 4 (nos 1/2/3); ref. 4412] Hachijo Island, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 48353. •In genus Alticus -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:58 [ref. 4145]). •Valid as Alticus orientalis Tomiyama 1955 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Alticus orientalis Tomiyama 1955. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ornatus, Blennechis Jenyns [L.] 1841:85, Pl. 17 (fig. 2) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Coquimbo, Chile. Syntypes: BMNH 1917.7.14.60-64 (5). Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Blennius by Blennius ornatus Swainson 1839. See account of Blennius riverosi Fowler 1951. •Objective synonym of Blennius riverosi Fowler 1951. •Synonym of Hypsoblennius sordidus (Bennett 1828) -- (Springer 1967:462 [ref. 30243], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsoblennius sordidus (Bennett 1828). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

ornatus, Blennius Swainson [W.] 1839:393, Fig. 125 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Aidablennius sphynx (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Aidablennius sphynx (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

ornatus, Salarias Ehrenberg [C. G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:320 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Red Sea. Not available; name mentioned in synonymy; also appeared as name in synonymy of Salarias fascitus Bloch in Hemprick & Ehrenberg 1899:9, Pl. 9 (fig. 2) [ref. 4977]. •In genus Salarias -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518]). Blenniidae: Salariinae.

ornatus, Salarias Hilgendorf [F. M.] in Hemprich & Ehrenberg 1899:9, Pl. 9 (fig. 2a-f) [Symbolae physicae; ref. 4977] Red Sea. Holotype: ZMB 1946. •Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Dor 1984:232 [ref. 29757], Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

oryx, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:335 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Red Sea. Lectotype: MNHN A-1804 (1 of 3, longest). Paralectotypes: MNHN A-1803 (2 of 3, not longest), A-1804 (3); ZMB 1954 (3). 1955 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:29-30 [ref. 20734]. Lectotype selected by Springer & Williams 1994:101 [ref. 21878]. •Synonym of Istiblennius rivulatus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:231 [ref. 29757], Springer & Williams 1994:100 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius rivulatus (Rüppell 1830). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

oualanensis, Petroscirtes Günther [A.] 1880:35 [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Ovalau Island, Fiji Islands. Lectotype: BMNH 1879.5.14.582. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1890.2.26.115 (1). Meiacanthus ovalauensis technically is an unjustified emendation by Smith-Vaniz 1976:103-104 [ref. 4144] and 1987:42 [ref. 6404] as Günther used the spelling oualanensis in the text and index, though apparently named for the island Ovalau. Lectotype selected by Smith-Vaniz 1974:105 [ref. 4144]. •Synonym of Meiacanthus atrodorsalis (Günther 1877), but a valid subspecies -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:100 [ref. 4144] as ovalauensis). •Valid as Meiacanthus ovalauensis (Günther 1880) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1987:42 [ref. 6404], Myers 1999:218 [ref. 23965], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290]) •Valid as Meiacanthus oualanensis (Günther 1880) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:33 [ref. 26213] as ovalauensis,, Randall 2005:497 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus oualanensis (Günther 1880). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pacifica, Andamia Tomiyama [I.] 1955:13, Fig. 7 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 4 (nos 1/2/3); ref. 4412] Kerama Islands, near Okinawa Island, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 37924. Paratypes: ZUMT 37925 (1). •In genus Andamia -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:58 [ref. 4145]). •Valid as Andamia pacifica Tomiyama 1955 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Andamia pacifica Tomiyama 1955. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

paivai, Blennius Pinto [S. Y.] 1958:39, Pls. 1-3 [Boletim do Instituto Oceanografico, São Paulo v. 9 (nos 1-2); ref. 11939] Rio Nóbrega, Cananéia, 25°01'S, 47°56'W, São Paulo, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNRJ 9119. •Synonym of Lupinoblennius vinctus (Poey 1867) -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). •Valid as Lupinoblennius paivai (Pinto 1958) -- (Sazima & Carvalho-Filho 2003:175 [ref. 26880], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:96 [ref. 27192], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Machado et al. 2017:2394 [ref. 35374]). Current status: Valid as Lupinoblennius paivai (Pinto 1958). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Brazil. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

palaestinensis, Blennius Steinitz [W.] 1927:92 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 74 (nos 1/4) (art. 11); ref. 15823] Israel, Mediterranean Sea. Zool. Mus. Univ. Breslau [now UWZM]. Syntypes: (several). Also appeared in Steinitz 1927:347, Fig. 4 [ref. 16060]. •Synonym of Blennius sanguinolentus Pallas 1814 -- (Bath 1973:524 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Parablennius sanguinolentus (Pallas 1814) -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius sanguinolentus (Pallas 1814). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

pallidus, Salarias crenulatus Whitley [G. P.] 1926:235 [Australian Zoologist v. 4 (pt 4); ref. 15613] North-west Islet, Capricorn Group, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.2609. Non-types: ?AMS I.7104-7111. •Synonym of Salarias sinuosus Snyder 1908 -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518], Hoese & Bray 2006:1565 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias sinuosus Snyder 1908. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

palmicornis, Blennius Cuvier [G.] 1816:250 [Le Règne Animal v. 2; ref. 993] British seas. No types known. Type information: Bauchot 1967:18 [ref. 20734]. Based on "le Gattorugine" of Pennant. Illustrated in Griffith & Smith 1834:Pl. 46 (fig. 1) (p. 230) [ref. 1908]. •Synonym of Blennius sanguinolentus Pallas 1814 -- (Bath 1973:524 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Parablennius sanguinolentus (Pallas 1814) -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius sanguinolentus (Pallas 1814). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

palmicornis, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:214, Pl. 320 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Marseille; Nice; Genoa; Corsica and France, western Mediterranean Sea; [Ivica] Ibiza, Baleares Islands; Naples; Sicily; Moree; Egypt, Mediterranean Sea. Type information: Bauchot 1967:18 [ref. 20734]. Based on Blennius sanguinolentus Pallas 1814:168. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Blennius palmicornis Cuvier 1816. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

panamensis, Petroscirtes Fowler [H. W.] 1944:291, Fig. 246 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Tide pool at Saboga, Perlas Islands, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype (unique): ANSP 69995. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:29 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Plagiotremus azaleus (Jordan & Bollman 1890) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:146 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Plagiotremus azaleus (Jordan & Bollman 1890). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

pantherinus, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:262 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Coast of Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1843. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:13 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Bath & Wirtz 1992:274 [ref. 19831], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

papuensis, Rhabdoblennius Bath [H.] 2004:16, Fig. 12 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 669; ref. 28017] Ninigo Island, Meman Island, mid-east shore, 1°12'40"S, 144°16'59"E, Papua New Guina, depth 0-1.2 meters. Holotype: USNM 293104. Paratypes: BPBM 39304 (1), SMNS 23502 (1), USNM 373497 (16). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:18 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Rhabdoblennius papuensis Bath 2004 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:832 [ref. 31980], Allen & Erdmann 2012:832 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Rhabdoblennius papuensis Bath 2004. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Ninigo Islands (Papua New Guinea). Habitat: marine.

paradiseus, Petroskirtes Bleeker [P.] 1854:495 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 344] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 26668. Original genus should have been Petroscirtes. •Synonym of Aspidontus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard 1834, subspecies taeniatus -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:57 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Aspidontus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard 1834. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

paradoxus, Myxodes Poey [F.] 2000:595, Pl. 326 (fig. 3) [Ictiologia Cubana. Posthumous transcription of original unpublished manuscript (1884) by M. Sánchez Roig and F. Gómez de la Maza v. 1-3; ref. 26366] Not available; not explicitly proposed as new [see Art. 16.1 of the Code]. Posthumous publication. Figured specimen listed as type. Blenniidae.

pardalis, Blennius Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:26 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:16 [ref. 20734]. •Status uncertain -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178]). •In genus Istiblennius -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:58 [ref. 4145]). •In genus Salarias -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:76 [ref. 6083]). •Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1564 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

pardus, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:63, Pls. 7 (f. 6), 8 (f. 1); Fig. 33c [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] South of northeast point at entrance to Ndaku Bay, Kandavu, Fiji Islands, depth 0-2.4 meters. Holotype: USNM 263116 (not 263113). Paratypes: BPBM 11270 (3), 14584 (2); AMS I.18354-071 (19); ROM 42510 (29); USNM 214520 (3), 214787-88 (1, 4), 236017-18 (11, 12), 279471 (7). Additional material: ROM 42508-09 (13, 5) Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:17 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius pardus Springer 1988 -- (Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Randall 2005:490 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius pardus Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

paroculus, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:64, Pl. 7 (fig. 2); Figs. 32b, 34 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Reef off northwestern side Pulau Tikus, Pulau Pari Group, Pulau Seribu, 5°51'25"S, 106°34'15"E, Indonesia, depth to 4.6 meters. Holotype: USNM 260389. Paratypes: USNM 201522 (3), 201560 (2), 201811 (4), 211975 (86), 211995 (19), 259240 (4). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:17 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius paroculus Springer 1988 -- (Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977], Springer & Randall 1999:41 [ref. 24274], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:248 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:817 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius paroculus Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Andaman Sea to Sumatra and Java (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

parvicornis, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:257 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Madeira. Syntypes: MNHN A-1855 (4), A-1856 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:13 [ref. 20734]. Misspelled palmicornis in literature. •Valid as Blennius parvicornis Valenciennes 1840 -- (Bath 1973:522 [ref. 7212]). •Valid as Parablennius parvicornis (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1108 [ref. 13677] [but possibly a subspecies of sanguinolentus (Pallas 1814)], Bath 1990:910 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Santos et al. 1997:100 [ref. 23531], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Almada et al. 2005:519 [ref. 28599], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Wirtz et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32972], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius parvicornis (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Congo, and Azores, Madeira, Cape Verde Islands Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

parvidens, Pholis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:277 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] No locality. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:23 [ref. 20734]. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

parvus, Alloblennius Springer [V. G.] & Spreitzer [A. E.] 1978:4, Fig. 1 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 268; ref. 4181] Surge channel at far end of cove, 0.5 kilometers north of Iconi, N'Gouni Reef, Grand Comore Island, western Indian Ocean, depth to 5 meters. Holotype: CAS 33590. Paratypes: ANSP 137862 (7); BMNH 1977.1.10.13-15 (3) [ex CAS 33601]; BPBM 20467 (4); CAS 36966 (10); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 913 (5, not found in 1996); USNM 216309 (6, 3 c&s), 216310 [ex CAS 33606] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:29 [ref. 13621], Springer et al. 1991:18 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Alloblennius parvus Springer & Spreitzer 1978 -- (Springer 1986:74 [ref. 5719], Randall 1995:312 [ref. 22896], Springer et al. 1998:23 [ref. 23434], Fricke 1999:470 [ref. 24106], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2012:60 [ref. 31806], Fricke et al. 2018:306 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36871] as cf. parvus). Current status: Valid as Alloblennius parvus Springer & Spreitzer 1978. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) to Comoros, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes); Oman. Habitat: marine.

patuki, Cirripectus variolosus de Buen [F.] 1963:58 [Boletin de la Sociedad de Biologia de Concepción v. 35/36 (1960-61); ref. 4325] La Perousse Bay, Easter Island, southeastern Pacific. Holotype: EBMC 88 or 89 (104 mm TL). Paratypes: EBMC 88 or 89 (125 mm TL). Original genus should have been Cirripectes. •Synonym of Cirripectes alboapicalis (Ogilby 1899) -- (Williams 1988:20 [ref. 7000], Randall et al. 1990:376 [ref. 15987], Randall 2005:484 [ref. 28239], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2018:133 [ref. 36397]). Current status: Synonym of Cirripectes alboapicalis (Ogilby 1899). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Easter Island (if valid). Habitat: marine.

patuvanus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:30, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Questionably a synonym of Parablennius gattorugine (Brünnich 1768) -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius gattorugine (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

patzneri, Salarias Bath [H.] 1992:40, Figs. 7-11 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 72 (nos 1/3) [1991]; ref. 18972] Bali, Menjangan Island, Indonesia, depth 2-3 meters. Holotype: SMF 18071. Paratypes: USNM 280245 (1), 291975 (1). •Valid as Salarias patzneri Bath 1992 -- (Bath 1992:234 [ref. 20222], Allen 1997:210, 212 [ref. 23977], Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:835 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:153 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Salarias patzneri Bath 1992. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

paucidens, Blennius Kner [R.] 1865:194, Pl. 7 (fig. 5) [Reise der öesterreichischen Fregatte "Novara" v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 18427] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Questionably new. Also appeared in Kner 1865:502 [ref. 4928], earliest not established. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

paulus, Salarias Bryan [W. A.] & Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1903:136 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 15652] Marcus Island, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): BPBM 2455. •Synonym of Istiblennius periophthalmus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Randall et al. 1990:385 [ref. 15987]). •Valid as Blenniella paula (Bryan & Herre 1903) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:65 [ref. 21878], Randall et al. 1997:385 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:223 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:25 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:1102 [ref. 25182], Randall & Earle 2000:18 [ref. 25806], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1102 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:75 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:484 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:346 [ref. 28867], Hoese & Bray 2006:1544 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Blenniella paula (Bryan & Herre 1903). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pauper, Salarias De Vis [C. W.] 1884:695 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Cardwell, Queensland coast, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.1344. •Synonym of Salarias ceramensis Bleeker 1853 -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518]). •Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1564 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

pavo, Blennius Risso [A.] 1810:133 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:16 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Blennius pavo Risso 1810 -- (Bath 1973:522 [ref. 7212], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:172 [ref. 31251]). •Valid as Lipophrys pavo (Risso 1810) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1104 [ref. 13677], Valid as Microlipophrys adriaticus (Steindachner & Kolombatovic 1883) ). •Valid as Salaria pavo (Risso 1810) -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Gharred et al. 1998:104 [ref. 23486], Al-Hassan 1999:195 [ref. 25945], Perdices et al. 2000:727 [ref. 24587], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:126 [ref. 26753], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:181 [ref. 28369], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Fricke et al. 2007:99 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:132 [ref. 30517], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:61 [ref. 36649], Doadrio et al. 2012:156 [ref. 31858], Parin et al. 2014:470 [ref. 33547], Çiçek et al. 2015:152 [ref. 35151], Artüz & Fricke 2019:559 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Salaria pavo (Risso 1810). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay south to Morocco. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pavoninus, Adonis Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:93 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.54 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:233 [ref. 13434] but as holotype. •Synonym of Blennius ocellaris Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1958:233 [ref. 13434], Bath 1973:519 [ref. 7212]). Current status: Synonym of Blennius ocellaris Linnaeus 1758. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

paytensis, Blennius (Hypleurochilus) Steindachner [F.] 1876:219 [171] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Payta, Peru. Syntypes: (several) NMW 47484 (2), 59710 (2), 78555 (2). On p. 171 of separate. •Valid as Parahypsos paytensis (Steindachner 1876) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:254 [ref. 22193], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:249 [ref. 24555]). •Valid as Hypsoblennius paytensis (Steindachner 1876) -- (Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:928 [ref. 22829], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Bath 2000:176 [ref. 25102], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Hypsoblennius paytensis (Steindachner 1876). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

penotus, Salarias Liénard [F.] in Sauvage 1891:389, Pl. 41A (fig. 5) [Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar; ref. 14503] Not available; a misspelling of Salarias frenatus (see Springer 1967:73 [ref. 18947], spelled correctly twice on p. 388). •In the synonymy of Entomacrodus striatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1967:73 [ref. 18947]). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus striatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae.

periophthalmoides, Blennius Macleay [W.] 1883:269 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 17587] Dufaure Island, New Guinea. Holotype (unique): ?AMS I.9168. •Generic placement uncertain -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:58 [ref. 4145]). Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

periophthalmus, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:311, Pl. 328 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Tikopia Island, Solomon Islands, western Pacific. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-0857. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:30 [ref. 20734] with a holotype that becomes the lectotype since it was not known how many specimens were originally included (see Springer & Williams 1994:66-67 [ref. 21878] for nomenclatural comments). Misspelled Salarias percophthalmus by Swainson 1839:274 [ref. 4304]. Misspelled Salarias periopthalmus by Waite 1899:545 [ref. 17824]. The name periophthalmus is a noun and should retain that spelling when in Blenniella. •Valid as Istiblennius periophthalmus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Dor 1984:231 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:300 [ref. 6441], Springer 1986:749 [ref. 5719], Shen et al. 1986:36 [ref. 13821], Allen & Swainston 1988:130 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:61 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:385 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1994:238 [ref. 21645], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356]). •Valid as Blenniella periophthalmus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:65 [ref. 21878], Randall 1995:315 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977], Anderson et al. 1998:26 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:223 [ref. 23965] as periophthalma, Carpenter et al. 1997:209 [ref. 23922], Fricke 1999:473 [ref. 24106], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:632 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1102 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1102 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:484 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1544 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:94 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:190 [ref. 31256], llen & Erdmann 2012:804 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:268 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:148 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:308 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:138 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Blenniella periophthalmus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, Marquesas Islands and Gambier Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and Austral Islands. Habitat: marine.

persicus, Blennius Regan [C. T.] 1905:327, Pl. 2(B) (fig. 1) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 16; ref. 15386] Persian Gulf, depth 10-20 fathoms. Lectotype: BMNH 1900.7.25.42-44 (70.5 mm specimen). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1900.7.25.42-44 (2, but not the 70.5 mm specimen). Lectotype selected by Bath 1983:55 [ref. 5393] •Synonym of Antennablennius bifilum (Günther 1861) -- (Bath 1983:54 [ref. 5393], Randall 1995:313 [ref. 22896], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:195 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Synonym of Antennablennius bifilum (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

personatus, Salarias Fowler [H. W.] 1945:71, Fig. 17 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 97; ref. 13142] Saipan Island, western Pacific. Holotype: ANSP 71604. Paratypes: ANSP 71605 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:29 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Istiblennius bellus (Günther 1861) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:143 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius bellus (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

perustus, Cirripectus Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:238, Pl. 17 (fig. 5) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 14; ref. 4123] Malindi, Kenya, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 265. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 517 (1). Original genus should have been Cirripectes. •Valid as Cirripectes perustus Smith 1959 -- (Shen et al. 1986:13 [ref. 13821], Williams 1988:53 [ref. 7000], Winterbottom et al. 1989:60 [ref. 13251], Myers 1999:223 [ref. 23965], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:486 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:807 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:148 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:309 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes perustus Smith 1959. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to Caroline Islands and Kiribati, north to Philippines, south to Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

petersi, Petroscirtes Kossmann [R.] & Räuber [H.] 1877:21, Pl. 2 (fig. 9) [Zoologische Ergebnisse einer im Auftrage der Königlichen Academie der Wissenschaften; ref. 14246] Red Sea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. This species did not appear in Kossmann & Räuber 1877 [ref. 18432]. •Valid as Enchelyurus petersi (Kossmann & Räuber 1877) -- (Springer 1972:7 [ref. 4178], Smith-Vaniz 1976:149 [ref. 4144], Goren & Dor 1994:59 [ref. 25356], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:139 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Enchelyurus petersi (Kossmann & Räuber 1877). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

petersoni, Salarias Fowler [H. W.] 1940:189, Fig. 18 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 92; ref. 17232] Off Antofagasta, Chile. Holotype (unique): ANSP 69150. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:29 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Scartichthys viridis (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Williams 1990:27 [ref. 13549]). Current status: Synonym of Scartichthys viridis (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

petteri, Blennius Heckel [J. J.] & Kner [R.] 1857:44, 46 [Die Süsswasserfische der Österreichischen Monarchie; ref. 2078] Not available, no distinguishing characters; from creek near Salona [near Split], Croatia. •In the synonymy of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801) -- (Kottelat 1997:175 [ref. 22952], Bath 2003:97 [ref. 27343], Kottelat 2004:132 [ref. 27669]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae.

phaeus, Meiacanthus (Meiacanthus) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1976:107, Fig. 159 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 19; ref. 4144] Puetege Reef, 22°22'S, 167°08'E, New Caledonia, western Pacific, depth 12 meters. Holotype (unique): AMS I.17466-004. •Valid as Meiacanthus phaeus Smith-Vaniz 1976 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1987:9 [ref. 6404], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:33 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Randall 2005:497 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1554 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus phaeus Smith-Vaniz 1976. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

phaiosoma, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1855:317 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 348] Batu Archipelago, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •In genus Atrosalarias -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:58 [ref. 4145]). •Synonym of Atrosalarias fuscus (Rüppell 1838) -- (Springer & Smith-Vaniz 1968:3 [ref. 36386], Hoese & Bray 2006:1543 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Atrosalarias fuscus (Rüppell 1838). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

phalacrus, Ophioblennius Clark [H. W.] 1938:184 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 22 (no. 7); ref. 12316] Taiohae Bay, Nukuhiva Island, Marquesas Islands. Holotype (unique): CAS 5566. •In genus Exallias -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:58 [ref. 4145]). •Synonym of Exallias brevis (Kner 1868) -- (on advice of Victor Springer, Feb. 6, 2015). Current status: Synonym of Exallias brevis (Kner 1868). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

phantasticus, Salarias Boulenger [G. A.] 1897:422 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 49); ref. 14628] Mekran coast, Iran. Lectotype: BMNH 1897.9.22.21. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1897.9.22.20 (1). Lectotype selected by Attaran-Farimani et al. 2016:174 [ref. 34175]. •Synonym of Ecsenius pulcher (Murray 1887) -- (Springer 1971:21 [ref. 7707] as phntasticus, Springer 1988:31 [ref. 6804], Attaran-Farimani et al. 2016:171 [ref. 34175]). Current status: Synonym of Ecsenius pulcher (Murray 1887). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

phenax, Plagiotremus (Musgravius) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1976:131, Fig. 166 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 19; ref. 4144] Cove north of harbor in Trincomalee, 8°34'N, 81°13'E, Sri Lanka, 1-3 meters. Holotype: USNM 204699. Paratypes: ANSP 122786 (7), 128561 (2 c&s); BPBM 12459 (1); CAS 28724 (3); FMNH 71350-52 (1, 5, 5); MCZ 46931 (1); USNM 204700 (4). Additional material: USNM 212029 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:30 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:66 [ref. 12367], Springer et al. 1991:18 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Plagiotremus phenax Smith-Vaniz 1976 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1987:50 [ref. 6406], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:251 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:796 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Plagiotremus phenax Smith-Vaniz 1976. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Maldives to Sri Lanka and Andaman Sea to Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

pholis, Blennius Linnaeus [C.] 1758:257 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Atlantic. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:45 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Blennius pholis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Bath 1973:523 [ref. 7212]). •Valid as Lipophrys pholis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1104 [ref. 13677], Wirtz & Bath 1989:26 [ref. 9298], Bath & Wirtz 1992:272 [ref. 19831], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Santos et al. 1997:99 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:106 [ref. 24952], Fricke 1999:45 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:178 [ref. 26753], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Stefanni et al. 2006:282 [ref. 30525], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Levy et al. 2011:410 [ref. 31177], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Lipophrys pholis (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: southern Norway to Morocco including Madeira; Azores population distinct. Habitat: marine.

pholis, Blennius Nardo [G. D.] 1827:212 [Giornale di fisica, chimica e storia naturale, medicina, ed arti. (series 2) Dec. II, v. 10; ref. 26236] Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Blennius pholis Linnaeus 1758. Description also appeared in Bull. Sci. Nat. (Ferussac), v. 15 [1828]. •Synonym of Parablennius sanguinolentus (Pallas 1814) -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm.) Current status: Synonym of Parablennius sanguinolentus (Pallas 1814). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

pholis, Blennius Mitchill [S. L.] 1815:374 [Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814); ref. 13292] Chesapeake Bay, U.S.A. No types known. Perhaps intended as B. pholis Linnaeus 1758, but Mitchill did not give citations for established species. Blenniidae.

phrynus, Hypleurochilus Bath [H.] 1965:252, Figs. 1-3 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 46 (no. 4); ref. 9197] Off harbor of Port of Algeria, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: SMF 7796. Paratypes: SMF 7797-98 (2). •Synonym of Hypleurochilus bananensis (Poll 1959) -- (Bath 1973:527 [ref. 7212], Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1099 [ref. 13677], Nieto & Alberto 1990:361 [ref. 23687], Bath 1990:907 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Hypleurochilus bananensis (Poll 1959). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

physophthalmus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:26, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:11 [ref. 3595]. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

pictus, Ecsenius McKinney [J. F.] & Springer [V. G.] 1976:19, Fig. 10 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 236; ref. 7087] Just west of northern tip of Great Banda Island, 4°30'30"S, 129°56'10"E, Banda Islands, Molucca Islands, Indonesia, depth 0-60 feet. Holotype: USNM 213853. Paratypes: BPBM 15612 (1), 15624 (1), 15940 (1), 19016 (1); CAS 34245 (1); USNM 210056 (1), 211895 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:18 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius pictus McKinney & Springer 1976 -- (Springer 1988:113 [ref. 6804], Bath & Patzner 1991:44 [ref. 19212], Springer 1991:105 [ref. 18995], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:818 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius pictus McKinney & Springer 1976. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: West Pacific: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

pictus, Rhabdoblennius Lotan [R.] 1970:376, Fig. 7 [Israel Journal of Zoology v. 18 (no. 4) (for 1969); ref. 7827] Nocra Islet, Sinai, Egypt, or Eilat, Israel, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Holotype: HUJ 10093. Paratypes: (54) ?HUJ 10094 (6), 12366 (46), 12367 (4), 12368 (3), 12410 (12). Type catalog: Golani 2006:33 [ref. 28840] with more than 54 paratypes. •Valid as Alloblennius pictus (Lotan 1970) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:12 [ref. 4145], Dor 1984:226 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:58 [ref. 25356], Springer et al. 1998:24 [ref. 23434], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2012:60 [ref. 31806], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:137 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Alloblennius pictus (Lotan 1970). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

piersoni, Hypsoblennius Gilbert [C. H.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:191, Pl. 32 (fig. 60) [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences v. 4; ref. 1639] Panama Bay, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 6522. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:92 [ref. 12291] as pearsoni. •Valid as Parahypsos piersoni (Gilbert & Starks 1904) -- (Bath 1987:325 [ref. 6305], Allen & Robertson 1994:254 [ref. 22193], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:928 [ref. 22829], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:532 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:248 [ref. 24555], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Parahypsos piersoni (Gilbert & Starks 1904). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pilicornis, Blennius Cuvier [G.] 1829:237 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Brazil. No types known. Type information: Bauchot 1967:17 [ref. 20734]. Available from footnote as, "Bl. pilicornis, N., punaru, Margr., 165, la deuxième fig." Redescribed in Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:254 [ref. 1005] based on MNHN A-1867, A-1868, A-1869 from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Spelled filicornis by Günther 1861:216 [ref. 1964]. •Valid as Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1108 [ref. 13677], Springer 1986:752 [ref. 5719], Bath 1990:909 [ref. 19373], Bath & Wirtz 1992:274 [ref. 19831], Randall 1995:321 [ref. 22896], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Bath & Miroz 1997:3 [ref. 23456], Cardona & Elices 2000:34 [ref. 25633], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:96 [ref. 27192], Luiz et al. 2004:1176 [ref. 27860], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Almada et al. 2005:520 [ref. 28599], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:204 [ref. 36242], Spier et al. 2018:15 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:5 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: southern Bay of Biscay to South Africa; western Indian Ocean (South Africa, Iran); southwestern Atlantic: Brazil south to Argentina. Habitat: marine.

pinaru, Blennius Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:458, 483 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] East and West Indies. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:19 [ref. 20734]. Unnecessary replacement name for Blennius cristatus Linnaeus 1758. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:83, 119 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Scartella cristata (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bath 1990:912 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Scartella cristata (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

pinchoti, Ophioblennius Fowler [H. W.] 1932:13, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 80 (no. 2906); ref. 1412] Black Beach Anchorage, Santa María Island [Charles Island], Galápagos Islands. Holotype: USNM 91819. Paratypes: (49, sic. 59) USNM 91820 (16 + 12), USNM 119822 [from 91820] (31). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:18 [ref. 18888]. Fowler listed paratypes as "49" and this probably should have been 59, the number of specimens originally in 91820; 31 recataloged USNM 119822 and 12 isolated in a vial in 91820 are thought not to be pinchoti. •In genus Ophioblennius -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:58 [ref. 4145]). •Synonym of Ophioblennis steindachneri Jordan & Evermann 1898 -- (on advice of Victor Sprinter, 2 Feb. 2015). Current status: Synonym of Ophioblennius steindachneri Jordan & Evermann 1898. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

pindae, Petroscirtes Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:231, Pl. 17 (fig. 4) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 14; ref. 4123] Pinda, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 231. •Synonym of Petroscirtes xestus Jordan & Seale 1906 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:36 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes xestus Jordan & Seale 1906. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

plurifilis, Entomacrodus plurifilis Schultz [L. P.] & Chapman [W. M.] in Schultz et al. 1960:338, Fig. 120 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 2; ref. 3972] Reef at Siulagi Point, Tau Island, American Samoa. Holotype: USNM 144720. Paratypes: sent to Chapman (10 from 115452, 5 from 115453); USNM 52264 (1), 115448-51 (1, 20, 13, 3), 115452 (104, now 93), 115453 (27, now 22), 115455-59 (3, 5, 3, 5, 4), 124347 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:18 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Entomacrodus striatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1967:73 [ref. 18947], Randall et al. 1990:382 [ref. 15987], Randall 2005:493 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus striatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

poiti, Scartella Rangel [C. A.], Gasparini [J. L.] & Guimarães [R. Z. P.] 2004:90, Figs. 1-2 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 27822] Ponta da Calheta, Ilha da Trindale, Espirito Santo, Brazil, 20°30'S, 29°20'W, depth 0-1 meter. Holotype: MNRJ 21975. Paratypes: LBRP 5616 (1), 5617 (1); MBML 592 (1); MNRJ 21976 (1), 21977 (1); UFES 1423 (1); USNM 365988 (1); ZUEC 5413 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Scartella poiti Rangel, Gasparini & Guimarães 2004 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Rangel & Mendes 2009:52 [ref. 30055], Pinheiro et al. 2015:28 [ref. 34324]). Current status: Valid as Scartella poiti Rangel, Gasparini & Guimarães 2004. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Trindade Island (southeastern Brazil). Habitat: marine.

pollinii, Ichthyocoris Bonaparte [C. L.] 1846:68 [Atti della Settima Adunanza degli Scienziati Italiani Sesta Riunione, Milano 7a Adunanza, Napoli, Part 2; ref. 519] Unneeded new name for Blennius vulgaris Pollini 1816. •Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801) -- (Kottelat 1997:175 [ref. 22952], Bath 2003:97 [ref. 27343], Kottelat 2004:132 [ref. 27669]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

polyodon, Blennechis Bleeker [P.] 1851:254 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 16890] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 26471 [ex RMNH 4773]. Non-types: RMNH 4773 (1). •Synonym of Petroscirtes breviceps (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:38 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes breviceps (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

polystictus, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] & Randall [J. E.] 1999:45, Figs. 19-20 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 26 (no. 1-2); ref. 24274] Sarabua Bay, 1°28.8'S, 99°09.7'E, Siberut Island, Mentawai Islands, Indonesia, depth 12-15 meters. Holotype: USNM 347535. Paratypes: AMS I.38541-001, USNM 345351 (1, to be deposited to an Indonesian museum). •Valid as Ecsenius polystictus Springer & Randall 1999 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:818 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius polystictus Springer & Randall 1999. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Islands, Sumatra and Indonesia, Habitat: marine.

polyzona, Salarias (Cirripectes) Bleeker [P.] 1868:278 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 2; ref. 17057] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 4797 (3). •Valid as Cirripectes polyzona (Bleeker 1868) -- (Fukao 1984:113 [ref. 6726], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:299 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:93 [ref. 21281], Shen et al. 1986:17 [ref. 13821], Williams 1988:54 [ref. 7000], Winterbottom et al. 1989:60 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:378 [ref. 15987], Bath & Patzner 1991:38 [ref. 19212], Williams 1993:62 [ref. 21007], Randall 1995:315 [ref. 22896], Randall et al. 1997:378 [ref. 25919], Suzuki et al. 1999:4 [ref. 24391], Myers 1999:223 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:475 [ref. 24106], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1094 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:116 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1094 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:75 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:486 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:461 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Bray 2006:1545 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:95 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:191 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:807 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:148 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes polyzona (Bleeker 1868). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Comores and western Mascarenes east to Johnston Atoll, Line Islands and Samoa, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia, and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

ponticus, Blennius Slastenenko [E. P.] 1934:102, Fig. 4 [Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli v. 14 (no. 1); ref. 16460] Feodosiyua, Black Sea. Holotype: ZIN 30647. Paratypes: many Black Sea localities given, whereabout of specimens unknown. •Synonym of Blennius zvonimiri Kolombatovic 1892 -- (Bath 1973:526 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Parablennius zvonimiri (Kolombatovic 1892) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1111 [ref. 13677], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:125 [ref. 26753], Parin et al. 2014:470 [ref. 33547]). •Synonym of Parablennius zvonimiri (Kolombatovic 1892), but a valid subspecies ponticus Slastenenko 1934 -- (Bath 1981 [ref. 22163], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Parin 2003:S23 [ref. 28536], Bogorodsky 2006:22 [18] [ref. 35540]). •Valid as Parablennius ponticus (Slastenenko 1934) -- (R. Fricke, personal communication, 8/17). Current status: Valid as Parablennius ponticus (Slastenenko 1934). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

poptae, Rupiscartes Fowler [H. W.] 1925:19 [Bulletin of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum No. 22; ref. 15538] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): BPBM 3413. •Valid as Praealticus poptae (Fowler 1925) -- (Bath 1992:276 [ref. 20223], Myers 1999:228 [ref. 23965], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Praealticus poptae (Fowler 1925). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

porosus, Blennius Schneider [J. G.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:551 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality. Based on Blennius punctulatus Lacepède 1800. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

portenoyi, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:65, Pl. 8 (fig. 2-3); Fig. 33a [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Reef 100 meters offshore of north coast of Rotuma Island, southeastern Pacific, depth to 9 meters. Holotype: USNM 226576. Paratypes: BPBM 17514 (5, lost); USNM 276370 (10), 278914 (113), 283103 (32). Additional material: USNM 195176 (3, orig. paratypes of Ecsenius oculus Springer), 283100-02 (1, 2, 54). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:18 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius portenoyi Springer 1988 -- (Springer & Randall 1999:41 [ref. 24274], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:490 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius portenoyi Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

portmahonis, Blennius Castaños [E.] 1933:322, Fig. [Butlletí de la Institució Catalana d'Història Natural. v. 33; ref. 15664] Menorca [Minorca], Balearic Islands, Baleares Province, Spain, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Originally as port-mahonis. •Synonym of Lipophrys nigriceps (Vinciguerra 1883), but a valid subspecies -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1104 [ref. 13677], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Falzon & Falzon 2013:582 [ref. 36181]). •Synonym of Microlipophrys nigriceps (Castaños 1933) -- (Hastings & Springer 2009:8 [ref. 31156]) Current status: Synonym of Microlipophrys nigriceps (Vinciguerra 1883). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

postoculomaculatus, Parablennius tasmanianus Bath [H.] & Hutchins [J. B.] 1986:187, Figs. 24-28, 29a-r [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 66 (nos 4/6); ref. 5151] Beacon Islands, Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia. Holotype: SMF 17092. Paratypes: Bath coll. (2); SMF 17093-94 (1, 1); WAM P.25850-008 (10). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:37 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:40 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Parablennius tasmanianus (Richardson 1842), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Bath 1989:298 [ref. 13310], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687]). •Valid as Parablennius postoculomaculatus Bath & Hutchins 1986 -- (Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1559 [ref. 29000], Bath 2008:88 [ref. 29600], Smith-Vaniz 2008:695 [ref. 30654], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius postoculomaculatus Bath & Hutchins 1986. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pox, Istiblennius Springer [V. G.] & Williams [J. T.] 1994:96, Fig. 30 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 565; ref. 21878] Tidepools at Boleji Point, Karachi, Pakistan, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: USNM 296480. Paratypes: BMNH 1932.2.18.35 to 37 (3), 1988.12.29.151-161, 163-165 (11); BPBM 21352 (1), 21560 (2), 30428 (16), 34466 (1); MNHN 1897-0317 (1), 1904-0320 to 0322 (3), 1960-0069 (1), 1977-0703 (1), 1977-0738 (1), 1987-0132 to 0138 (7); USNM 200206 (19, 1 c&s), 216127 (1), 217344 (13), 217352 (1), 287031 (2), 296477 (1), 296481 (3); ZMUC CN6-9 (4). •Valid as Istiblennius pox Springer & Williams 1994 -- (Randall 1995:317 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:209 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Randall 2005:495 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Golani & Fricke 2018:140 [ref. 36273], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:200 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Valid as Istiblennius pox Springer & Williams 1994. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southern Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Somalia, Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Oman and Persian Gulf east to Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

priamensis, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1853:268 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Priaman, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2). •Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

procne, Meiacanthus (Meiacanthus) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1976:105, Fig. 156 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 19; ref. 4144] Neiafu Island, 18°39'00"S, 174°00'30"W, Vava'u Group, Tonga Islands, western Pacific, depth 0-16 meters. Holotype: USNM 203275. Paratypes: USNM 195810 (1), 205291 (12 + 1 c&s). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:18 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Meiacanthus procne Smith-Vaniz 1976 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1987:43 [ref. 6404], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:33 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:497 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus procne Smith-Vaniz 1976. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Oceania: Tonga Islands. Habitat: marine.

prooculis, Ecsenius Chapman [W. M.] & Schultz [L. P.] 1952:519, Fig. 92 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 102 (3310); ref. 12643] Munda Lagoon near Sassavelle, New Georgia, Solomon Islands, depth 10 feet. Holotype (unique): USNM 144722. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:18 [ref. 18888]. Originally as pro-oculus. •Valid as Ecsenius prooculis Chapman & Schultz 1952 -- (Springer 1971:37 [ref. 7707], Springer 1988:110 [ref. 6804], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Springer & Allen 2004:3 [ref. 28002], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:818 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius prooculis Chapman & Schultz 1952. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

proteus, Blenniolus Krejsa [R. J.] 1960:326, Figs. 1, 3, 7, 9-10 [Copeia 1960 (no. 4); ref. 11927] Northern edge of Caleta Binner, Socorro Island, Revillagigedo Islands, off western Mexico, depth to 5 feet. Holotype: USNM 179306. Paratypes: BMNH 1959.8.10.1 (1); CAS 21219 (1); CAS-SU 53151 (3), 53152 (4); UBC 57-152 (1), 57-158 (1); FMNH 62774 (2); SIO 11-395 (1) (ex UCLA W53-49), 58-142 (1); USNM 179305 (9). Additional material at UBC (3) and UCLA (3). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:16 [ref. 12367], Springer et al. 1991:19 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Hypsoblennius proteus (Krejsa 1960) -- (Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Bath 2000:176 [ref. 25102], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Hypsoblennius proteus (Krejsa 1960). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pseudoaequipinnis, Hypleurochilus Bath [H.] 1994:77, Figs. 44-54 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 74 (nos 1/2); ref. 21627] Gatun Locks, lower West chamber, Colón, Panama. Holotype: USNM 319832. Paratypes: GCRL 8694 (12), SMF 18073 (1), USNM 319833 (1). See Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109]. •Valid as Hypleurochilus pseudoaequipinnis Bath 1994 -- (Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:96 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:166 [ref. 27807], Wirtz et al. 2007:16, 38 [ref. 30263], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Pinheiro et al. 2013:95 [ref. 32885]). Current status: Valid as Hypleurochilus pseudoaequipinnis Bath 1994. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic and eastern Atlantic (islands of the Gulf of Guinea). Habitat: marine.

pulcher, Salarias Murray [J. A.] 1887:47 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 22438] Manora Rocks, Karachi, Pakistan. Lectotype: BMNH 1887.9.22.59 (male). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1887.9.22.60 (female). Lectotype selected by Springer 1988:32 [ref. 6804]. •Valid as Ecsenius pulcher (Murray 1887) -- (Springer 1971:20 [ref. 7707], Springer 1988:31 [ref. 6804], Randall 1995:316 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:209 [ref. 23922], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Attaran-Farimani et al. 2016:176 [ref. 34175]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius pulcher (Murray 1887). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman east to Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Blennechis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:286 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Mumbai, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0716. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:7 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:53 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:149 [ref. 4144], Springer 1981:701 [ref. 8545], Dor 1984:226 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:296 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:88 [ref. 21281], Shen et al. 1986:8 [ref. 13821], Springer 1986:751 [ref. 5719], Allen & Swainston 1988:128 [ref. 25477], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:914 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:130 [ref. 23448], Cervigón 1994:128 [ref. 24488], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:320 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:206 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:366 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:210 [ref. 23922], Anderson et al. 1998:26 [ref. 23611], Mizuno et al. 1999:10 [ref. 25311], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1112 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:229 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1112 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:388, 650 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Golani 2004:851 [ref. 27921], Hoese & Bray 2006:1557 [ref. 29000], Gerhardinger 2006:1 [ref. 30561], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2011:572 [ref. 31520], Allen & Erdmann 2012:785 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:183 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[21] 259 [ref. 36492], Gibbs et al. 2018:274 [ref. 35724], Fricke et al. 2018:314 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:141 [ref. 36273], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:207 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Philippines and Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to Exmouth Gulf (Western Australia) and southern Queensland (Australia); Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant); introduced in western Atlantic from Caribbean Sea to Brazil (especially near ports). Habitat: brackish, marine.

punctatus, Blennius Wood [W. W.] 1825:279 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 4 (pt 2); ref. 17840] Charleston harbor, South Carolina, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 10407-08 (2? [disintegrated, 2 skulls]). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:30 [ref. 13621]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Blennius punctatus Fabricius 1780. •Synonym of Hypsoblennius hentz (Lesueur 1825) -- (Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsoblennius hentz (Lesueur 1825). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Blennius Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:250 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Shark Bay, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:16 [ref. 20734]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Blennius punctatus Fabricius 1780, replaced by Blennius gaudichaudi Whitley 1933. •Incertae sedis in Blenniidae -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1566 [ref. 29000]). Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Blennius cyclops var. Kossmann [R.] & Räuber [H.] 1877:402 [Verhandlungen des Naturhistorisch-Medizinischen Vereins zu Heidelberg. v. 1; ref. 18432] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): apparently lost. Also in Kossmann & Räuber 1877:21 [ref. 14246]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Blennius punctatus Fabricius 1780 and Quoy & Gaimard 1824, replaced by Blennius kossmanni Whitley 1970. •Synonym of Pictablennius cyclops (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:222 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Parablennius cyclops (Rüppell 1830) -- (Bath 1989:305 [ref. 13309], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius cyclops (Rüppell 1830). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

punctifer, Blennius Regan [C. T.] 1908:254, Pl. 42 (fig. 2) [Annals of the Natal Museum v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 14355] South Africa. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1862.8.28.12-13 (2) Natal, 1906.11.19.109 (1) Kosi Bay. •Synonym of Scartella emarginata (Günther 1861) -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Scartella emarginata (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

punctillatus, Salarias Klunzinger [C. B.] 1879:258 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 22); ref. 18913] Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): SMNS 2495. Type catalog: Fricke 1992:7 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:19 [ref. 29864]. Also appeared in Klunzinger 1880:389 [65 of separate] [ref. 2624]. •Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518], Hoese & Bray 2006:1564 [ref. 29000]). •Questionably a synonym of Salarias sexfilum Günther 1861 -- (Larson & Williams 1997:366 [ref. 23967]). •Synonym of Salarias sexfilium (Günther 1861) -- (Larson et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

punctulatus, Blennius Risso [A.] 1827:231 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:18 [ref. 20734]. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

pustulatus, Blennius Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:188 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. No types known. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

pylei, Petroscirtes (Dasson) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 2005:31, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 1046; ref. 28343] Outside of Suva Harbor, s. end of "Fish Patch" below cave, Suva, Viti Levu Island, Fiji Islands. Holotype: BPBM 40080. Paratypes: BPBM 39846 (1), USNM 382411 (1). •Valid as Petroscirtes pylei Smith-Vaniz 2005 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Petroscirtes pylei Smith-Vaniz 2005. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: South Pacific: Fiji Islands. Habitat: marine.

quadricornis, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:329, Pl. 329 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Lectotype: MNHN A-2003. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-7067 (1) Seychelles; MNHN A-2002 (5), A-2005 (1), A-2007 (1), and A-2304 (1) Mauritius, 0846 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:30-31 [ref. 20734]. Lectotype selected by Springer & Williams 1994:121 [ref. 21878]. •Synonym of Istiblennius rivulatus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:231 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Fricke 1999:482 [ref. 24106], Randall 2005:495 [ref. 28239], Kottelat 2013:382 [ref. 32989], Golani & Fricke 2018:140 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

quadrifasciatus, Pholis Wood [W. W.] 1825:282, Pl. 17 (fig. 1) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 4 (pt 2); ref. 17840] Locality unknown [probably from South Carolina, U.S.A.]. No types known. •Synonym of Chasmodes bosquianus (Lacepède 1800) -- (Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Javonillo & Harold 2010:9 [ref. 30906]). Current status: Synonym of Chasmodes bosquianus (Lacepède 1800). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

quadrimaculatus, Petroscirtes Kendall [W. C.] & Goldsborough [E. L.] 1911:329, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 26 (pt 7); ref. 2594] Arhno Atoll, Marshall Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 65980. Paratypes: MCZ 29393 (1), USNM 65981 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:19 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Aspidontus dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:63 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Aspidontus dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

quadripennis, Salarias Cuvier [G.] 1816:251 [Le Règne Animal v. 2; ref. 993] Red Sea. Holotype: ZMUC P75421 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:74 [ref. 9588]. Proposed as, "Sal. quadripennis, Cuv. qui est le blennius gattorugine de Forsk. p. 23." •Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Dor 1984:232 [ref. 29757], Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518], Hoese & Bray 2006:1564 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

quadripennis, Salaris Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1830:112, Pl. 28 (fig. 2) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Red Sea. No types known. Original genus should have been Salarias. Objectively invalid and preoccupied by Salarias quadripennis Cuvier 1816 if independent of Cuvier. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

quadripora, Haptogenys Springer [V. G.] 1972:8, Fig. 11 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 130; ref. 4178] Koh Tao Island, 10°03'N, 99°51'E, Gulf of Thailand. Holotype (unique): USNM 119658 (c&s). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:19 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Haptogenys bipunctata (Day 1876) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:78 [ref. 6083], Allen & Erdmann 2012:783 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Synonym of Haptogenys bipunctata (Day 1876). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

quagga, Rupiscartes Fowler [H. W.] & Ball [S. C.] 1924:273 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 76; ref. 1471] Wake Island, central Pacific. Holotype: BPBM 3420. Paratypes: ANSP 91013 (9), 91191 (10); BPBM 10436 (9); USNM 109368 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:30 [ref. 13621], Springer et al. 1991:19 [ref. 18888]. The description was based on a single specimen followed by the comment (p.274) "Abundant at Wake I."; Fowler & Ball (1925:29) listed the "type" (BPBM 3420) and stated that there were 30 paratypes. •Valid as Cirripectes quagga (Fowler & Ball 1924) -- (Shen et al. 1986:14 [ref. 13821], Williams 1988:57 [ref. 7000], Winterbottom et al. 1989:60 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:378 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1997:378 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:224 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:475 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:25 [ref. 25829], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1094 [ref. 25182], Randall & Earle 2000:18 [ref. 25806], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1094 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:75 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:383 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:486 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:461 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Bray 2006:1546 [ref. 29000], Randall 2007:380 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:95 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:807 [ref. 31980], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes quagga (Fowler & Ball 1924). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and South Africa, Aldabra and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, Marquesas Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Taiwan, south to southern Great Barrier Reef (Australia). Habitat: marine.

raaltenii, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1851:257 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 16890] Tjilankaham, Bantam Province [West Java Province], Java, Indonesia. No types known. •Generic placement uncertain -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:58 [ref. 4145]). Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

ramosus, Salarias Bath [H.] 1992:230, Figs. 7-10, 11h-l [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 72 (nos 4/6); ref. 20222] Tantabiddi Creek, off lighthouse, North West Cape, West Australia, 21°57'S, 113°55'E. Holotype: WAM P.27599-009. Paratypes: SMF 18070 (1), WAM P.30057-002 (3). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:40 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Salarias ramosus Bath 1992 -- (Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Bray 2006:1565 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:835 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Salarias ramosus Bath 1992. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines and Westen Australia. Habitat: marine.

randalli, Cirripectes Williams [J. T.] 1988:60, Pls. 5 (figs. G, H), 6 (fig. A) [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 17; ref. 7000] Coral surge channel about 100 yards off western side of Raphael, Cargados Carajos Shoal, southwestern Indian Ocean, 16°26'S, 59°36'E, depth 0-7.6 meters. Holotype: USNM 227873. Paratypes: BPBM 20615 (6); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 1966 [ex 74-99] (1), 22306 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:19 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Cirripectes randalli Williams 1988 -- (Fricke 1999:475 [ref. 24106], Fricke et al. 2009:95 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes randalli Williams 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Réunion, Mauritius (western Mascarenes), Cargados Carajos. Habitat: marine.

randalli, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1991:106, Figs. 8-11 [Tropical Fish Hobbyist v. 39 (no. 12); ref. 18995] Elmoos Reef, Halmahera, Indonesia, 0°10'01"N, 128°00'07"E, depth 6 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 34219. •Valid as Ecsenius randalli Springer 1991 -- (Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Springer & Allen 2004:3 [ref. 28002], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:819 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius randalli Springer 1991. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Halmahara, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

randalli, Entomacrodus Springer [V. G.] 1967:71, Pl. 11 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 122 (no. 3582); ref. 18947] Eastern side of Anaho Bay, Nuku Hiva, Marquesas Islands, South Pacific. Holotype: USNM 199985. Paratypes: ANSP 82148 (3), BPBM 2333-34 (1, 1), FMNH 25140-41 (1, 1), CAS-SU 24522 (1), USNM 199986 (2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:34 [ref. 12367], Springer et al. 1991:19 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Entomacrodus randalli Springer 1867 -- (Springer 1972:10 [ref. 7647], Randall & Earle 2000:18 [ref. 25806], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Randall 2005:492 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus randalli Springer 1967. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

raoi, Andamia Hora [S. L.] in Rao & Hora 1938:398 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 40; ref. 17152] East Ross Island, Andaman Islands. Holotype (unique): ZSI F12933/1. Paratypes: ZSI F12933 (1), F12934/1 (6). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:146-147 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:370 [ref. 27706] as roai. •Synonym of Andamia reyi (Sauvage 1880) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:18, 59 [ref. 4145]). Current status: Synonym of Andamia reyi (Sauvage 1880). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

raoi, Salarias Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1939:366 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 41 (pt 4); ref. 2127] Unneeded replacement name for Salarias alboguttatus Day 1876, secondarily preoccupied by Salarias alboguttatus Kner 1867, but earlier replaced by Salarias dayi Whitley 1929. •Objective synonym of Praealticus dayi (Whitley 1929) -- (Bath 1992:240 [ref. 20223]). Current status: Synonym of Praealticus dayi (Whitley 1929). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

rarotongensis, Salarias Whitley [G. P.] 1965:118, Fig. 13 [Australian Zoologist v. 13 (pt 2); ref. 9267] Rarotonga Island, Cook Islands. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.5358. •Synonym of Entomacrodus caudofasciatus (Regan 1909) -- (Springer 1967:132 [ref. 18947], Randall 2005:491 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus caudofasciatus (Regan 1909). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

rechingeri, Salarias Steindachner [F.] 1906:1411 [43] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 115 (1. Abth.); ref. 4242] Plum Pudding Rock, Upolu Island, Samoa. Neotype: USNM 293747. On p. 43 of separate. Neotype designated by Springer & Williams 1994:123 [ref. 21878]. •Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989] dating to 1907). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

rennellensis, Istiblennius Rofen [R. R.] 1958:199, Pl. 11 (fig. 32) [The Natural History of Rennell Island, British Solomon Islands, Copenhagen v. 1 (no. 10); ref. 12110] Galthea station 516d, Rennell Island, Solomon Islands, depth to 0.5 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P75343. Paratypes: (12) ZMUC P75344-52. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:73 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Praealticus bilineatus (Peters 1868) -- (Bath 1992:244 [ref. 20223]). Current status: Synonym of Praealticus bilineatus (Peters 1868). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

reticulatus, Cirripectes Fowler [H. W.] 1946:173, Fig. 39 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 98; ref. 1456] Aguni Shima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): ANSP 72043. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:30 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Cirripectes reticulatus Fowler 1946 -- (Dor 1984:228, footnote [ref. 29757], Fukao 1984:113 [ref. 6726]). •Synonym of Cirripectes castaneus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Williams 1988:27 [ref. 7000]). Current status: Synonym of Cirripectes castaneus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

reticulatus, Meiacanthus (Meiacanthus) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1976:106, Fig. 157 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 19; ref. 4144] Egum Atoll in lagoon near Egum Island, 9°20'S, 151°57'E, Solomon Sea, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): BPBM 13648. •Valid as Meiacanthus reticulatus Smith-Vaniz 1976 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1987:44 [ref. 6404], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:33 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Hoese & Bray 2006:1555 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:792 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus reticulatus Smith-Vaniz 1976. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea and Osprey Reef (Coral Sea). Habitat: marine.

reticulatus, Salarias Kurup [B. M.], Manojkumar [T. G.] & Radhakrishnan [K. V.] 2005:195, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 102 (pt 2); ref. 28651] Vettilappara, Chalakudy River, Kerala, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI (WGRS) CLT V/F 13031. This is a marine species; in the river by flooding. •Synonym of Entomacrodus vermiculatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Williams & Springer, pers. comm. through W. Smith-Vaniz, 1/22/09). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus vermiculatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

retrolabiatus, Entomacrodus Poey [F.] 2000:597, Pl. 326 (fig. 7) [Ictiologia Cubana. Posthumous transcription of original unpublished manuscript (1884) by M. Sánchez Roig and F. Gómez de la Maza v. 1-3; ref. 26366] Not available; not explicitly proposed as new [see Art. 16.1 of the Code]. Posthumous publication. Figured specimen listed as type. Blenniidae.

retusifrons, Adonis Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:96 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] India. No types known. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

reuteri, Salarias Lenz [H.] 1881:506 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 4 (no. 93); ref. 17499] Nosy Be [Nossi-Bé], Madagascar. Syntypes: Naturhistorisches Museum Lübeck, Germany (2) lost. •Questionably a synonym of Entomacrodus vermiculatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1967:44 [ref. 18947]). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus vermiculatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

reyi, Salarias Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:219 [9] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 19970] Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2201. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:31 [ref. 20734]. On p. 9 of separate. •Valid as Andamia reyi (Sauvage 1880) -- (Shen et al. 1986:25 [ref. 13821], Kishimoto 1997:18 [ref. 24967], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:632 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1107 [ref. 25182], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1107 [ref. 26193], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:245 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:800 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Andamia reyi (Sauvage 1880). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea and Christmas Island east to Philippines, north to Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

rhabdotrachelus, Blennius Fowler [H. W.] & Ball [S. C.] 1924:272 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 76; ref. 1471] Wake Island. Holotype (unique): BPBM 3419. •Synonym of Rhabdoblennius ellipes (Jordan & Starks 1906) -- (Randall et al. 1990:386 [ref. 15987] with question, Myers 1999:228 [ref. 23965]). •Valid as Rhabdoblennius rhabdotrachelus (Fowler & Ball 1924) -- (Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Bath 2004:18 [ref. 28017], Hoese & Bray 2006:1563 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Rhabdoblennius rhabdotrachelus (Fowler & Ball 1924). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Mariana Islands east to Wake Island, Jarvis Island; Phoenix Islands (Kiribati) and northern Cook Islands to Marquesas Islands, Henderson and Ducie (Pitcairn Group). Habitat: marine.

rhessodon, Blenniella Reid [E. D.] 1943:383, Fig. 4 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 33 (no. 12); ref. 3686] Diamond Head Light, Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3921. Holotype: USNM 118029 (missing). Paratypes: USNM 120031 (16, not found in 1980). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:19 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Blenniella gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:68 [ref. 21878], Mundy 2005:461 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:379 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

rhinorhynchos, Petroskirtes Bleeker [P.] 1852:273 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 16825] Wahai, northern Ceram, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 26470 [ex RMNH 4770]. Paralectotypes: RMNH 4770 (1 of several). Original genus should have been Petroscirtes. Original as rhinorhijnchos, Dutch ij = y. Spelled Petroscirtes rhinorhynchus by Günther 1861:230 [ref. 1964]. Misspelled rhynorhynchos by authors. Lectotype established by Dor 1984:224 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •Valid as Plagiotremus rhinorhynchos (Bleeker 1852) [but often spelled rhinorhynchus] -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:133 [ref. 4144], Dor 1984:224 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:297 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:91 [ref. 21281], Springer 1986:753 [ref. 5719] as rhinorhijnchos, Shen et al. 1986:49 [ref. 13821], Allen & Swainston 1988:128 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:61 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:373 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:339 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:322 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:206 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:330 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:373 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:219 [ref. 23965] as rhynorhynchus, Fricke 1999:488 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:746 [ref. 25471], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1118 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:395 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:231 [ref. 25480], Randall & Earle 2000:19 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290] as rhinorhynchus, Nakabo 2002:1118 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495] as rhynorhynchus, Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:384 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:500 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1562 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:97 [ref. 30213], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:252 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:195 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:797 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:269 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:152 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:86 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:314 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:141 [ref. 36273], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626], Zajonz et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Plagiotremus rhinorhynchos (Bleeker 1852). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands, Society Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), Pambula Lake (New South Wales, Australia), Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

rhodensis, Blennius tentacularis var. Kähsbauer [P.] 1965:645, Pl. 1 [Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien v. 68; ref. 22737] Not available, infrasubspecific; variety published after 1960 (Art. 45.6.3 of the Code). •In the synonymy of Blennius tentacularis Brünnich 1768 -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687]). •In the synonymy of Parablennius tentacularis (Brünnich 1768). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius tentacularis (Brünnich 1768). Blenniidae: Salariinae.

rickettsi, Hypsoblenniops Schultz [L. P.] 1942:154, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 32 (no. 5); ref. 3955] Concepción Bay, Mexico. Holotype: USNM 119731. Paratypes: USNM 119732 (8), USNM 119733 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:19 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Hypsoblennius gentilis (Girard 1854) -- (Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsoblennius gentilis (Girard 1854). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ringens, Atopoclinus Vaillant [L. L.] 1894:74 [7] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (8th Série) v. 6; ref. 4488] Gulf of California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1894-0063. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:5 [ref. 20734] as Atoplocinus. On p. 7 of separate. •Synonym of Plagiotremus azaleus (Jordan & Bollman 1890) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:145 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Plagiotremus azaleus (Jordan & Bollman 1890). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

riodourensis, Blennius Metzelaar [J.] 1919:291, Fig. 63 [Report on the fishes; ref. 2982] Rio de Oro, Mauritania, eastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): ZMA 102173. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:94 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Blennius riodourensis Metzelaar 1919 -- (Bath 1990:905 [ref. 19373]). •Valid as Spaniblennius riodourensis (Metzelaar 1919) -- (Bath & Wirtz 1989:284 [ref. 13307], Bath & Wirtz 1992:267 [ref. 19831], Bath & Miroz 1997:3 [ref. 23456], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2806 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Spaniblennius riodourensis (Metzelaar 1919). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

riverosi, Blennius Fowler [H. W.] 1951:317, Fig. 45 [Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (Santiago) v. 51-53 (1947-1949); ref. 12694] Coquimbo, Chile and Concepción, Chile. Syntypes: (5, Coquimbo), BMNH 1917.7.14.58-59 (2, Concepcion). Proposed as a new name for Blennechis fasciatus Jenyns 1841 and for Blennechis ornatus Jenyns 1841, the former preoccupied by Blennius fasciatus Bloch 1786 and the latter by Blennius ornatus Swainson 1839. The code does not address the simultaneous replacement of two preoccupied names with one new name; so Fowler's species stands on its own, with the types of both Jenyns' species as its syntypes. •Synonym of Hypsoblennius sordidus (Bennett 1828) -- (Springer 1967:462 [ref. 30243], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsoblennius sordidus (Bennett 1828). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

rivulatus, Salaris Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1830:114 [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] El-Tor, Sinai coast, Egypt, Gulf of Suez, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1843. Possible paralectotypes: RMNH 1808 [ex SMF] (1), SMF 6445 (1). Original genus should have been Salarias. Lectotype selected by Klausewitz 1964:137 [ref. 2295]. •Valid as Istiblennius rivulatus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:231 [ref. 29757], Springer & Williams 1994:100 [ref. 21878], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], DiBattista et al. 2015:20 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:140 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Istiblennius rivulatus (Rüppell 1830). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

robertsi, Omobranchus Springer [V. G.] 1981:701, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 94 (no. 3); ref. 8545] Mangrove-lined tributary of Guiavi Creek on mainland opposite western end of Parama Island, 9°01.2'S, 143°21.6'E, Papua New Guinea. Holotype (unique): USNM 216985. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:19 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Omobranchus robertsi Springer 1981 -- (Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Hoese & Bray 2006:1558 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus robertsi Springer 1981. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

robustus, Hypsoblennius Hildebrand [S. F.] 1946:391, Fig. 75 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 189; ref. 2161] Independencia Bay, 14°13'S, 76°15'W, Peru. Holotype: USNM 128196. Paratypes: USNM 77572 (1), 128197-98 (1, 1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:20 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Hypsoblennius paytensis (Steindachner 1877) -- (Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687]). •Valid as Hypsoblennius robustus Hildebrand 1946 -- (Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:249 [ref. 24555]). Current status: Valid as Hypsoblennius robustus Hildebrand 1946. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Peru. Habitat: marine.

rodenbaughi, Istiblennius Schultz [L. P.] & Chapman [W. M.] in Schultz et al. 1960:358, Pl. 117 (fig. F) [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 2; ref. 3972] Ocean reef and surf, Namu Island, Bikini Atoll, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 142067. Paratypes: USNM 142068-142084 (13, 42, 1, 2, 1, 2, 3, 3, 10, 15, 23, 16, 21, 2, 3, 2, 7). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:20 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Istiblennius gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:25 [ref. 4145]). •Synonym of Blenniella gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:68 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

rofeni, Entomacrodus Springer [V. G.] 1967:86, Pl. 13 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 122 (no. 3582); ref. 18947] Western side of atoll, Raroia, Tuamotu Islands, French Polynesia, South Pacific. Holotype: CAS-SU 62035. Paratypes: CAS-SU 62031 (7), 62038 (1); USNM 199402 (4, 1 c&s). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:20 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Entomacrodus rofeni Springer 1967 -- (Springer 1972:12 [ref. 7647], Randall 1999:25 [ref. 25829], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Randall 2005:493 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus rofeni Springer 1967. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

roseus, Blennius Pallas [P. S.] 1814:177 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Kuril Islands. No types known. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

rostratus, Blennius Solander [D. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:280, 282 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Not available, manuscript name mentioned in passing under Blennechis filamentosus. Blenniidae.

rostratus, Petroscirtes Valenciennes [A.] (ex Solander) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:62 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Bleeker specimens: RMNH 4453 (1). Blennius rostatus appeared as a manuscript name of Solander mentioned in the synonymy of Blennechis filamentosus Valenciennes 1836; Bleeker 1857:62 [ref. 356] used Solander's name as the valid one so that makes the name available from 1836 with authorship as Valenciennes. Types, if available, is (are) the one(s) on which Solander based his manuscript description. •Synonym of Aspidontus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard 1834, subspecies taeniatus -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:57 [ref. 4144] based on Bleeker 1857). Current status: Synonym of Aspidontus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard 1834. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

rotondifrons, Salarias Thiollière [V. J. de l'I.] in Montrouzier 1857:463 [185] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 185 of reprint. •In genus Salarias -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:59 [ref. 4145] as rotundifrons). •In genus Salarias, status uncertain -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518]). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

rotundiceps, Petroscirtes Macleay [W.] 1881:9 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 6 (pt 1); ref. 4931] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Lectotype: AMS I.16413-001 [ex MAMU F1041]. Paralectotypes: AMS I.16413-002 [ex MAMU F1041] (1). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. Lectotype selected by Springer & Gomon 1975:66 [ref. 6083]. •Valid as Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881) -- (Springer 1972:15 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:63 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:150 [ref. 4144], Randall et al. 1990:375 [ref. 15987], Larson & Williams 1997:366 [ref. 23967], Myers 1999:220 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:746 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Mundy 2005:465 [ref. 28379] with subspecies, Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396]). •Valid as Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881), subspecies rotundiceps (Macleay 1881) -- (Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Hoese & Bray 2006:1558 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ruber, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:211 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Atlantic. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:17 [ref. 20734]. Based on a manuscript description and figure. •Questionably in the synonymy of Blennius gattorugine Brünnich [sic] 1768 -- (Bath 1973:521 [ref. 7212]). •Valid as Parablennius ruber (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1109 [ref. 13677], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Santos et al. 1997:101 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:107 [ref. 24952], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Almada et al. 2005:520 [ref. 28599], Almada et al. 2007:248 [ref. 30524], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius ruber (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Azores, Madeira and Portugal. Habitat: marine.

rubriceps, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:248 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1722. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:13 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Blennius pavo Risso 1810 -- (Bath 1973:523 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Salaria pavo (Risso 1810) -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria pavo (Risso 1810). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rubropunctatus, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:348 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Juan Fernández Islands. Lectotype: MNHN A-2038. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2965 (1), 1986-0634 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:31-32 [ref. 20734]. Original as rubro-punctatus. Lectotype selected by Williams 1990:26 [ref. 13549]. •Synonym of Scartichthys variolatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Williams 1990:26 [ref. 13549], Dyer & Westneat 2010:610 [ref. 31446]). •Valid as Scartichthys rubropunctatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Pequeño 1989:66 [ref. 14125], Pequeño & Sáez 2000:33 [ref. 24590]). Current status: Synonym of Scartichthys variolatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

ruficaudus, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:328 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: ZMB 1948 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:36 [ref. 20734]. Based on prevailing usage, the younger name fuscus is maintained. •Synonym of Atrosalarias fuscus (Rüppell 1838) -- (Springer & Smith-Vaniz 1968:3 [ref. 36386], Dor 1984:228 [ref. 29757], Golani & Fricke 2018:138 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Atrosalarias fuscus (Rüppell 1838). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

rusi, Mimoblennius Springer [V. G.] & Spreitzer [A. E.] 1978:14, Fig. 8 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 268; ref. 4181] Deep gully in reef 6.5 kilometers north of Island Rock, 27°13'21"S, 32°47'48"E, KwaZulu-Natal, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 2 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 800. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 521 [not 801] (1), USNM 216554 [ex RUSI 521] (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:20 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Mimoblennius rusi Springer & Spreitzer 1978 -- (Springer 1986:749 [ref. 5719], Fricke 1999:486 [ref. 24106], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:829 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Mimoblennius rusi Springer & Spreitzer 1978. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), Comores, Mauritius (Mascarenes) and Andaman Islands. Habitat: marine.

rutilus, Salarias Jenkins [O. P.] 1903:509, Fig. 49 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2341] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50695. Paratypes: (3). •Synonym of Istiblennius gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:25 [ref. 4145]). •Synonym of Blenniella gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:68 [ref. 21878], Mundy 2005:460 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:379 [ref. 30952] as rutilans). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

ruxii, Blennius Cocco [A.] 1833:11, Pl. (fig. 1) [Giornale di Scienze Lettere e Arti per La Sicilia v. 42 (no. 124); ref. 859] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Described as "Blennio di Roux. Blennius Ruxii." Spelled ruxii in two places, but due to prevailing usage the species name rouxi can be used. •Valid as Blennius rouxi Cocco 1833 -- (Bath 1973:523 [ref. 7212]). •Valid as Parablennius rouxi (Cocco 1833) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1109 [ref. 13677], Golani 1996:27 [ref. 22271], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:124 [ref. 26753], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Fricke et al. 2007:98 [ref. 29533], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:59 [ref. 36649], Artüz & Fricke 2019:559 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius rouxi (Cocco 1833). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, eastern Atlantic: southern Portugal. Habitat: marine.

sabry, Lipophrys Bath [H.] 1983:153, Figs. 1-4, 6 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 63 (1982) (nos 3/4); ref. 5420] Sabry, eastern Benghazi, Libya, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: SMF 17587. Paratypes: Bath coll. (1). •Valid as Lipophrys sabry Bath 1983 -- (Wirtz & Bath 1989:26 [ref. 9298]). •Synonym of Paralipophrys trigloides (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687]). •Synonym of Lipophrys trigloides (Valenciennes 1836). Current status: Synonym of Lipophrys trigloides (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

saburrae, Chasmodes Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:298 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 282); ref. 2472] Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 30824. Paralectotypes: ?BMNH (1), CAS-SU 440 (12), MCZ 36024 [ex USNM 30824] (1), USNM 177944 (8). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:92 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:20 [ref. 18888]. Lectotype selected by Jordan & Evermann 1898:2393 [ref. 2445] and reaffirmed by Springer 1959:329 [ref. 22248]. Original stated 14 specimens, no explanation for 21 possible paralectotypes unless some CAS specimens went to USNM. •Valid as Chasmodes saburrae Jordan & Gilbert 1882 -- (Springer 1959:329 [ref. 22248], Robins & Ray 1986:230 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:160 [ref. 23239], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:406 [ref. 24550], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Nelson et al. 2004:166 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:628 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Javonillo & Harold 2010:11 [ref. 30906], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Chasmodes saburrae Jordan & Gilbert 1882. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: east coast of Florida to Louisiana, U.S.A. Habitat: brackish, marine.

salaria, Blennius Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:171 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Alexandria, Egypt, eastern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Salaria basilisca (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria basilisca (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

salaria, Gadus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:143 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] [Alexandria & in Archipelago] Alexandria, Al-Iskandarīyah/Egypt, Mediterranean Sea; islands in the Aegean Sea/Greece. No types known. •In the synonymy of Salaria basilisca (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Fricke 2008:52 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria basilisca (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

salarias, Gadus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Forsskål) 1788:51 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] [Alexandria & in Archipelago] Alexandria, Al-Iskandarīyah/Egypt, Mediterranean Sea; islands in the Aegean Sea/Greece. No types known. Based on Gadum Σαλαρία of Forsskål 1775:x, xiv part, 22 [ref. 1351]. Not used as valid after 1899; therefore reversal of priority in favor of Blennius basiliscus Valenciennes 1836. •In the synonymy of Salaria basilisca (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Fricke 2008:52 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria basilisca (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

salensis, Parablennius Bath [H.] 1990:29, Figs. 17-23, 16b, 24a-e, 25 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 70 (nos 1/3) [1989]; ref. 14132] Murdeira Bay, 16°45'N, 22°55'W, Cape Verde Islands. Holotype: SMF 18012. Paratypes: Bath coll. (1), SMF 18013-14 (1, 1), SMNS 13116-18 (2, 1, 1); USNM 291685 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:5 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:17 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Parablennius salensis Bath 1990 -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Wirtz et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32972], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2806 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius salensis Bath 1990. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde Islands (endemic). Habitat: marine.

saliens, Blennius Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1800:458, 479 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] New Britain Island, Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:17 [ref. 20734]. Based on the "Alticus saltatorius" in a manuscript by Philibert Commerson. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:83, 114 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Valid as Alticus saliens (Lacepède 1800) (author often given as Forster 1788) -- (Dor 1984:227 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:300 [ref. 6441], Shen et al. 1986:26 [ref. 13821], Goren & Dor 1994:58 [ref. 25356], Nakabo 2000:1107 [ref. 25182], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1107 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:245 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:800 [ref. 31980], Koeda et al. 2016:84 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Alticus saliens (Lacepède 1800). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka east to Philippines, Tonga and Pitcairn, north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

saliens, Blennius Forster [J. R.] 1777:v. 2, p. 343 [Voyage around the World; ref. 1353] Tanna Island, South Pacific [Vanuatu]. Also appeared in Forster 1780:v. 2, 271 [ref. 36117]. Not available, vernacular name only. Cited as "(Blennius) saliens" by Walbaum 1792:187 [ref. 4572]. •In the synonymy of Andamia amphibius (Walbaum 1792) -- (R. Fricke, pers. comm., 9/2018). Current status: Synonym of Andamia amphibius (Walbaum 1792). Blenniidae: Salariinae.

saltans, Salarias Jenkins [O. P.] 1903:508, Fig. 48 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2341] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50696. Paratypes: USNM 126080 (2). See Springer et al. 1991:20-21 [ref. 18888] for problems involving types. •Synonym of Blenniella gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:68 [ref. 21878], Mundy 2005:460 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:379 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella gibbifrons (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

saltatorius, Alticus Commerson [P.] in Lacepède 1800:479 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] New Britain Island, Bismarck Archipelago. No types known. Appeared as "Alticus saltatorius, pinnâ spuriâ in capitis vertice; ...." in account of Blennius saliens; regarded as non-binominal and not available. See ICZN Opinion 89. •In genus Alticus -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:59 [ref. 4145]). •In the synonymy of Alticus saliens (Lacepède 1800). Current status: Synonym of Alticus saliens (Lacepède 1800). Blenniidae: Salariinae.

samoensis, Hypleurochilus Seale [A.] 1935:374, Pl. 23 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 21 (no. 27); ref. 12336] Pago Pago, Tutuila Island, American Samoa. Holotype: CAS 5515. Paratypes: CAS 5516 (1). •Questionably a synonym of Parenchelyurus hepburni (Snyder 1908) -- (Springer 1972:12 [ref. 4178]). •Questionably a synonym of Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:68 [ref. 6083]). Current status: Uncertain as Omobranchus rotundiceps (Macleay 1881). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

sanguinolentus, Blennius Pallas [P. S.] 1814:168 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Crimea [Ukraine, Black Sea]. No types known. •Valid as Blennius sanguinolentus Pallas 1814 -- (Bath 1973:524 [ref. 7212], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:172 [ref. 31251]). •Valid as Parablennius sanguinolentus (Pallas 1814) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1110 [ref. 13677], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Arruda 1997:107 [ref. 24952], Gharred et al. 1998:103 [ref. 23486], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:751 [ref. 24702], Reshetnikov 1998:123 [ref. 23570], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:124 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S23 [ref. 28536], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:180 [ref. 28369], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Almada et al. 2005:519 [ref. 28599], Fricke et al. 2007:98 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:131 [ref. 30517], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:60 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:469 [ref. 33547], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2806 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:559 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius sanguinolentus (Pallas 1814). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: France south to Morocco. Habitat: marine.

sanna, Salarias Whitley [G. P.] 1929:137 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 17 (no. 3); ref. 4665] Carlisle Bay, Santa Cruz Islands, Melanesia. Holotype: AMS IA.2943. Paratypes: AMS IA.2944 (1) Replacement name for Salarias macneilli coloratus Whitley 1928, preoccupied by Salarias quadricornis coloratus Klunzinger 1871. •Synonym of Praealticus bilineatus (Peters 1868) -- (Bath 1992:244 [ref. 20223] but spelled sana). Current status: Synonym of Praealticus bilineatus (Peters 1868). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

scalatus, Omobranchus japonicus Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:232, Pl. 19 (figs. D-E) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 14; ref. 4123] Delagoa Bay, southeastern Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 239. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] (not investigated). •Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:14 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:53 [ref. 6083], Springer 1986:751 [ref. 5719], Shen et al. 1986:8 [ref. 13821], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

scandens, Salarias Ehrenberg [C. G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:341 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Red Sea. Not available, name mentioned in passing under Salarias alticus. •In the synonymy of Alticus saliens (Lacepède 1800) -- (Dor 1984:227 [ref. 29757] as Lacepede 1801). •In the synonymy of Alticus magnusi Klausewitz 1964. Current status: Synonym of Alticus magnusi (Klausewitz 1964). Blenniidae: Salariinae.

scandeus, Salarias Ehrenberg [C. G.] in Klunzinger 1871:489 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 21; ref. 2622] Not available, name mentioned in passing in synonymy of Salarias tridactylus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). •In the synonymy of Andamia amphibius (Walbaum 1792). Current status: Synonym of Andamia amphibius (Walbaum 1792). Blenniidae: Salariinae.

schmidti, Salarias Fowler [H. W.] 1946:176, Fig. 40 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 98; ref. 1456] Aguni Shima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: ANSP 72046. Paratypes: ANSP 72047 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:30 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Praealticus bilineatus (Peters 1868) -- (Bath 1992:244 [ref. 20223]). Current status: Synonym of Praealticus bilineatus (Peters 1868). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

schroederi, Ecsenius McKinney [J. F.] & Springer [V. G.] 1976:21, Fig. 11 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 236; ref. 7087] Off Tandjung Suli, Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia, depth 2.4 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 209743. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:21 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius schroederi McKinney & Springer 1976 -- (Springer 1988:120 [ref. 6804], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Bray 2006:1548 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:819 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius schroederi McKinney & Springer 1976. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

schultzei, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1859:345 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 19; ref. 368] Karangbollong [Karang-Bollong Bay, on northeastern tip of Nusa Kambangan Island, 4.5 kilometers southeast to Cilacap, Jawa Tengah Province, Java, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean, ca. 7°45'34''S, 109°02'32''E]. Holotype (unique): apparently lost. •Synonym of Blenniella periophthalmus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:65 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella periophthalmus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

schultzi, Leoblennius Reid [E. D.] 1943:382, Fig. 3 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 33 (no. 12); ref. 3686] Diamond Head Light, Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3921. Holotype: USNM 118037. Paratypes: USNM 120096 (1, not found in 1980). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:21 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Exallias brevis (Kner 1868) -- (Mundy 2005:463 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Exallias brevis (Kner 1868). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

scrutator, Isesthes Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:300 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 282); ref. 2472] Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 30850. Paralectotypes: USNM (1, not found). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:21 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Hypsoblennius ionthas (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Current status: Synonym of Hypsoblennius ionthas (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

scullyi, Blennius Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:103 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] Walvis Bay, Namibia, southeastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): SAM 9896. •Synonym of Parablennius cornutus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1986:752 [ref. 5719], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:202 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius cornutus (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

sealei, Entomacrodus Bryan [W. A.] & Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1903:138 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 15652] Marcus Island, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): BPBM 2458 (poor condition). •Valid as Entomacrodus sealei Bryan & Herre 1903 -- (Springer 1967:98 [ref. 18947], Springer 1972:13 [ref. 7647], Myers 1999:226 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:25 [ref. 25829], Springer & Fricke 2000:395 [ref. 24575], Nakabo 2000:1098 [ref. 25182], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1098 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:493 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Fricke et al. 2014:150 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus sealei Bryan & Herre 1903. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mariana and Caroline Islands east to the Line and Pitcairn Islands, south to New Caledonia, Loyalty Islands and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

sebae, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:323 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2059. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:32 [ref. 20734], Bauchot & Daget 1996:243 [ref. 22899]. •Valid as Cirripectes sebae (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:130 [ref. 25477], with no author given). •Synonym of Cirripectes variolosus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Dor 1984:228 [ref. 29757], Fukao 1984:111 [ref. 6726], Williams 1988:27 [ref. 7000]). •Synonym of Cirripectes castaneus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Randall et al. 1990:377 [ref. 15987], Randall 2005:485 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1545 [ref. 29000], Golani & Fricke 2018:138 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Cirripectes castaneus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

segmentatus, Salarias Bath [H.] & Randall [J. E.] 1991:246, Figs. 1-9 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 71 (nos 4/6); ref. 15518] Malakal Island, Palau Islands. Holotype: BPBM 9553 [not 34539]. Paratypes: BPBM 34539 [ex BPBM 9553] (1), 9742 (1), 15064 (5), 31357 (2); CAS 68124-29 (12, 15, 10, now 36, now 26, 9); MNHN 1990-0260 (1); SMF 18060 [ex BPBM 9742] (1), 18061 [ex CAS 68128] (2). •Valid as Salarias segmentatus Bath & Randall 1991 -- (Bath 1992:43 [ref. 18972], Bath 1992:234 [ref. 20222], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:228 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:836 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:153 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Salarias segmentatus Bath & Randall 1991. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Palau, Yap, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

sellifer, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:66, Fig. 32e [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Surge channel, Kiriwina Island, Trobriand Islands, Papua New Guinea, depth 0-3.7 meters. Holotype: USNM 261462. Paratypes: AMS I.17486-033 (1), I.7490-001 (1); CAS 13463 (41); USNM 206431 (8), 221237 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:21 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius sellifer Springer 1988 -- (Myers 1999:225 [ref. 23965], Springer & Randall 1999:42 [ref. 24274], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:819 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius sellifer Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Palau. Habitat: marine.

semicrenatus, Alticus Chapman [W. M.] in Weber & de Beaufort 1951:270 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 9; ref. 16097] Lembeh Strait, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype: CAS-SU 17779. Paratypes: CAS-SU 29487 (17, now 16), ZMA 112464 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:91 [ref. 12291], Nijssen et al. 1982:93 [ref. 19236]. Author is W. M. Chapman. •Valid as Praealticus semicrenatus (Chapman 1951) -- (Bath & Patzner 1991:52 [ref. 19212], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:831 [ref. 31980]). •Probably a synonym of Praealticus oortii (Bleeker 1851) -- (Bath 1992:296 [ref. 20223]). Current status: Valid as Praealticus semicrenatus (Chapman 1951). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

semifasciatus, Blennius Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:134 [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): SMF 1885. •Synonym of Pictiblennius cyclops (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:222 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Parablennius cyclops (Rüppell 1838) -- (Bath 1989:35 [ref. 13309], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Golani & Fricke 2018:141 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius cyclops (Rüppell 1830). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

semifasciatus, Blennophis Kner [R.] & Steindachner [F.] 1867:369 [14], Pl. 1 (fig. 6) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 54 (pt 3); ref. 2640] Iquique, Chile, 24°54'S, 71°26'W, surface at night. Neotype: USNM 194480. Possible original types: NMW 79579 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:21 [ref. 18888]. On p. 14 of separate. Neotype designated by Williams 1990:27 [ref. 13549]. •Synonym of Scartichthys viridis (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Williams 1990:27 [ref. 13549]). Current status: Synonym of Scartichthys viridis (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

semilineatus, Petroscirtes Kner [R.] 1868:29 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 58 (nos 1-2); ref. 6074] Kandavu Island, Fiji Islands. Holotype (unique): NMW 78426. •Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:15 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:53 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:150 [ref. 4144], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

semilineatus, Salarias Kner [R.] 1867:722 [14], Pl. 4 (fig. 3) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 56; ref. 2645] Samoa Islands. Holotype (unique): NMW 78426 [ex MGH 3734 part]. Name changed by Kner 1868:27 [ref. 6074] and Kner 1868:331 [39] [ref. 2646] to lineolatus. •Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

serratolineatus, Parablennius Bath [H.] & Hutchins [J. B.] 1986:192, Figs. 30-32, 34a-c [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 66 (nos 4/6); ref. 5151] Point Hunter, Emily Bay, Norfolk Island, South Pacific. Holotype: AMS I.18497-009. Paratypes: AMS I.18497-025 (17), Bath coll. (2), SMF 17088-89 (1, 1). Additional material: AMS I.20256-005 (4). •Valid as Parablennius serratolineatus Bath & Hutchins 1986 -- (Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius serratolineatus Bath & Hutchins 1986. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Norfolk Island. Habitat: marine.

sertatus, Salarias Garman [S.] 1903:237, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 39 (no. 8); ref. 15030] Solo Island, North Astrolabe Reef, Fiji Islands. Syntypes: MCZ 28296 (2). •In genus Alticus -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:60 [ref. 4145]). •Valid as Alticus sertatus (Garman 1903) -- (Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Randall et al. 2004:24 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:480 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:800 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Alticus sertatus (Garman 1903). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Solomon Islands to Tonga. Habitat: marine.

setifer, Xiphasia Swainson [W.] 1839:259 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Vizagapatam, India. No types known. Based on "Tonkah talawaree" Russell 1803:28, Pl. 39 [ref. 13862]. •Valid as Xiphasia setifer Swainson 1839 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:70 [ref. 4144], Dor 1984:224 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:297 [ref. 6441], Springer 1986:755 [ref. 5719], Shen et al. 1986:47 [ref. 13821], Smith-Vaniz 1987:3 [ref. 6404], Allen & Swainston 1988:128 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:374 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:61 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:323 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:540 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:206 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:211 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:332 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:374 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:489 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:746 [ref. 25471], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1119 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:396 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1119 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:385 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:505 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1566 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:97 [ref. 30213], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:253 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:798 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:183 [ref. 34464], Psomadakis et al. 2015:301 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:192 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:315 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:142 [ref. 36273], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:246 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Xiphasia setifer Swainson 1839. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa, Persian Gulf, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Vanuatu, north to southern Japan, south to Exmouth Gulf (Western Australia), New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

sewalli, Poroalticus Fowler [H. W.] 1931:403, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 83; ref. 1410] Tide pools at Brighton Beach, Trinidad Island, West Indies. Holotype: ANSP 53318. Paratypes: ANSP 53319-21 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:30 [ref. 13621]. Springer 1963:452 [ref. 10211] doubted the locality, but specimens subsequently have been taken from there. •Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:15 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:53 [ref. 6083], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2011:572 [ref. 31520], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sexfasciatus, Salarias von Bonde [C.] 1923:34, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa Rep. 3 (art. 1); ref. 521] Durban Beach, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: (several). •In genus Antennablennius -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:60 [ref. 4145]). •Synonym of Antennablennius hypenetes (Klunzinger 1871) -- (Bath 1983 [ref. 5393]). •Valid as Antennablennius sexfasciatus (von Bonde 1923) -- (Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Antennablennius sexfasciatus (von Bonde 1923). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

sexfilum, Salarias Günther [A.] 1861:241 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] No locality. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.835. •Valid as Salarias sexfilum Günther 1861 -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518], Bath 1992:42 [ref. 18972], Bath 1992:234 [ref. 20222], Larson & Williams 1997:366 [ref. 23967], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Bray 2006:1565 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Larson et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Salarias sexfilum Günther 1861. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

seychellensis, Stanulus Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:246, Pl. 17 (fig. 13) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 14; ref. 4123] La Digue Island, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 243. •Valid as Stanulus seychellensis Smith 1959 -- (Springer 1968:113 [ref. 7921], Shen et al. 1986:21 [ref. 13821], Myers 1999:228 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:489 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:26 [ref. 25829], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624] as Springer 1968, Randall 2005:504 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:347 [ref. 28867], Hoese & Bray 2006:1565 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:97 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:837 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:153 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Stanulus seychellensis Smith 1959. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles and western Mascarenes; Caroline Islands and eastern Australia east to Marshall Islands and Henderson (Pitcairn Group), north to southern Taiwan, south to Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia) and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

shirleyae, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] & Allen [G. R.] 2004:8, Figs. 1d, 2b. [Zootaxa No. 791; ref. 28002] Off northwestern side of Pulau Tikus, Pulau Pari group, Pulau Seribu, Indonesia, about 5°51'25"S, about 106°34'15"E, depth to about 5 meters. Holotype: USNM 211996. Paratypes: AMS I.18490001 (1); USNM 211916 (14), 211979 (1), 211993 (18), 379409 (15); WAM P.32602.001 (2). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:40 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Ecsenius shirleyae Springer & Allen 2004 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:820 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius shirleyae Springer & Allen 2004. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

siamensis, Salarias Smith [H. M.] 1934:320, Pl. 14 [Journal of the Siam Society, Natural History Supplement v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 4052] Tide pool at Koh Tao, Gulf of Thailand. Holotype (unique): KUMF 0177. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:7 [ref. 23217]. •Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:131 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sibogai, Salarias Bath [H.] 1992:35, Figs. 1-6 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 72 (nos 1/3) [1991]; ref. 18972] Reef 2700 meters north of southern point of South Lucipara Island, Pulau Pulau Islands, Indonesia, Siboga station 225c. Holotype: ZMA 120531. Paratypes: ZMA 120530 (1), 120532 (1). •Valid as Salarias sibogai Bath 1992 -- (Bath 1992:234 [ref. 20222], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:836 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Salarias sibogai Bath 1992. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

sierraensis, Parablennius Bath [H.] 1990:35, Figs. 26-31, 24f-h, 16c [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 70 (nos 1/3) [1989]; ref. 14132] Cape Sierra, 8°28'N, 13°26'W, Sierra Leone. Holotype: SMF 18010. Paratypes: Bath coll. (2), SMF 18011 (1), SMNS 13119 [Ex Wirtz coll.] (4), USNM 291684 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:5 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:18 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Parablennius sierraensis Bath 1990 -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2806 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius sierraensis Bath 1990. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

signatus, Blennius Poey [F.] 2000:592, Pl. 325 (fig. 2) [Ictiologia Cubana. Posthumous transcription of original unpublished manuscript (1884) by M. Sánchez Roig and F. Gómez de la Maza v. 1-3; ref. 26366] Not available; not explicitly proposed as new [see Art. 16.1 of the Code]. Posthumous publication. Figured specimen listed as type. Blenniidae.

simonyi, Salarias Steindachner [F.] 1902:317 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 39 (no. 24) (art. 76); ref. 14894] Sokotra [Socotra]; Bal Haf, south and east coasts of Arabia. Syntypes: (several) NMW 76243 (4), 78250 (2). Illustrated and described in detail in Steindachner 1903:148, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [ref. 15046]. •Valid as Antennablennius simonyi (Steindachner 1902) -- (Bath 1983:64 [ref. 5393], Randall 1995:314 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:208 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Zajonz et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Antennablennius simonyi (Steindachner 1902). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Socotra and Gulf of Oman to Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

simplicirrus, Alticus Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Springer [V. G.] 1971:15, Fig. 9 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 73; ref. 4145] Fatu Hiva, 10°26'S, 138°39'W, Marquesas Is, central Pacific. Holotype: BMNH 1926.7.12.40. Paratypes: BMNH 1926.7.12.41 (1); USNM 203829 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:21 [ref. 18888]. •In genus Alticus -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:60 [ref. 4145]). •Valid as Alticus simplicirrus Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971 -- (Randall & Earle 2000:18 [ref. 25806], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Randall 2005:481 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Alticus simplicirrus Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

simplocos, Salarias Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1888:79 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1888; ref. 21466] Azores, northeastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): ZMB 12654. Spelled symplocos in Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:61 [ref. 4145]. •Synonym of Coryphoblennius galerita (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687] as symplocus). Current status: Synonym of Coryphoblennius galerita (Linnaeus 1758). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

simus, Blennius Zuiew [B.] 1783:198, Pl. 6 (figs. 2-4) [Acta Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae (for 1779) (pt. 2); ref. 17712] •Generic placement uncertain -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:60 [ref. 4145]). •Questionably a synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801). Current status: Uncertain as Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sindensis, Salarias Day [F.] 1888:263 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1888 (pt 3) (art. 4) (for 1 May 1888); ref. 14480] Karachi, Pakistan. Syntypes: BMNH 1889.2.1.3616-3618 (3). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. •In tribe Omobranchini -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:61 [ref. 4145]). •Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:15 [ref. 4178], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sindonis, Salarias Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:427, Fig. 105 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Pago Pago, American Samoa. Neotype: USNM 51793 (23.2 mm SL). Original paratypes: ?MCZ 35913 [ex USNM 51793] (2); USNM 51793 [not 51792 (1)] (17), 291686 [ex 51793] (14), 307577 [ex USNM 51793] (2). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:21 [ref. 18888]. The published catalog number USNM 51792 for the "type" is incorrect, it should have been 51793; the USNM ledger originally listed 20 specimens in 51793, and later only 17 specimens found. The "type" is not distinguishable; a neotype was designated from the types by Springer & Williams 1994:123 [ref. 21878]. •Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

sinensis, Blennius Günther [A.] 1861:219 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] China Sea. Holotype (unique): BMNH (not seen). Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

sinuata, Blennius parvicornis var. Lowe [R. T.] 1843:86 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1843 (pt 11); ref. 2832] Off Madeira. No types known. Species also as palmicornis. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

sinuosus, Salarias Snyder [J. O.] 1908:109 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 35 (no. 1635); ref. 4150] Naha, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: USNM 62246. Paratypes: CAS-SU 21111 (2), USNM 74556 (3) Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:94 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:22 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Salarias sinuosus Snyder 1908 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:298 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:387 [ref. 15987], Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518], Bath 1992:232 [ref. 20222], Randall et al. 1997:387 [ref. 25919], Nakabo 2000:1106 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1106 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:504 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1565 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:199 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:837 [ref. 31980], Yamasaki et al. 2018:178 [ref. 36507]). Current status: Valid as Salarias sinuosus Snyder 1908. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Vanuatu and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

smithi, Cruantus Rao [V. V.] 1974:483, Fig. 4 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 70 (pt 3) (1973); ref. 27] Godavari estuary, India, about 16.5°N, 82°E. Holotype: ZMAU. Paratypes: ZMAU (4). •Synonym of Omobranchus ferox (Herre 1927) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:913 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Omobranchus smithi (Rao 1974) -- (Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus smithi (Rao 1974). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Southern Africa and southern Asia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

smithi, Meiacanthus Klausewitz [W.] 1962:17, Fig. 1 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 43 (no. 1); ref. 5952] Addu Atoll, reef in lagoon near Hittadu Island, Maldives, Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SMF 5439. •Valid as Meiacanthus smithi Klausewitz 1962 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:99 [ref. 4144], Smith-Vaniz 1987:31 [ref. 6404], Winterbottom et al. 1989:61 [ref. 13251], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:33 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290] dated 1961, Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:250 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:792 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus smithi Klausewitz 1962. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives, India, Andaman Sea and western Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

smyrnensis, Pholis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:275, Pl. 325 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Izmir, western Turkey, Aegean Sea (Mediterranean Sea). Holotype: MNHN A-1792. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:23 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Blennius smyrnensis (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1973:524 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Salaria basilisca (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:126 [ref. 26753]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria basilisca (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

snowi, Blennius Fowler [H. W.] 1928:431, Fig. 71 [Memoirs of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum. No. 10; ref. 5596] Strong Island, Caroline Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: MCZ 3634. Paratypes: ANSP 66361 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:30 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Rhabdoblennius snowi (Fowler 1928) -- (Myers 1999:228 [ref. 23965], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Bath 2004:21 [ref. 28017], Randall 2005:502 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:832 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Rhabdoblennius snowi (Fowler 1928). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Christmas Island, Marshall Islands and Gilbert Islands south to Chesterfield Islands and Grande Terre (New Caledonia) and American Samoa. Habitat: marine.

solomon, Meiacanthus Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Allen [G. R.] 2019:46, Fig. 2 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 33; ref. 36813] Solomon Islands, Florida Group, Bayldon Shoals, -9.133°, 160.132°, depth 60 - 65 meters. Holotype (unique): WAM P.34621-001. •Valid as Meiacanthus solomon Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2019. Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus solomon Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2019. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

solorensis, Petroskirtes Bleeker [P.] 1853:81 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 16911] Lawajong, Solor Island [Indonesia]. Syntypes: (2). Original genus should have been Petroscirtes. •Questionably a synonym of Petroscirtes variabilis Cantor 1849 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:44 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Uncertain as Petroscirtes variabilis Cantor 1849. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

solus, Entomacrodus Williams [J. T.] & Bogorodsky [S. V.] 2010:64, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa No. 2475; ref. 30822] Ras Mohammed, Sinai Peninsula, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, depth 0-0.2 meters. Holotype: BPBM 19791. Paratypes: USNM 216536 (18). •Valid as Entomacrodus solus Williams & Bogorodsky 2010 -- (DiBattista et al. 2015:20 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:139 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus solus Williams & Bogorodsky 2010. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

sordidus, Blennius Bennett [E. T.] 1828:34 [Zoological Journal, London v. 4 (no. 13, art. 3); ref. 16783] Hawaiian Islands [in error; Pacific coast of South America]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1861.8.14.27 [ex Zool. Soc.] (poor condition). Locality is probably the southeastern Pacific off Chile (see Springer 1967:461 [ref. 30243]). •Valid as Hypsoblennius sordidus (Bennett 1828) -- (Springer 1967:461 [ref. 30243], Pequeño 1989:66 [ref. 14125], Stepien 1990:600 [ref. 19879], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:249 [ref. 24555], Cancino et al. 1999:167 [ref. 24263], Bath 2000:176 [ref. 25102], Mundy 2005:464 [ref. 28379], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Cornejo et al. 2018:17 [ref. 36409]). Current status: Valid as Hypsoblennius sordidus (Bennett 1828). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Chile. Habitat: marine.

spaldingi, Salarias Macleay [W.] 1878:358, Pl. 9 (fig. 4) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 2 (pt 4); ref. 17573] Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16415-001 [ex MAMU F1045] (13). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. •Valid as Salarias spaldingi Macleay 1878 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:130 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977]). •Synonym of Salarias sexfilum Günther 1861 -- (Bath & Randall 1991:254 [ref. 15518], Larson & Williams 1997:366 [ref. 23967], Hoese & Bray 2006:1565 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias sexfilum Günther 1861. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

sphinx, Blennius Günther [A.] 1861:221 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Incorrect subsequent spelling of Blennius sphynx Valenciennes 1836. •In the synonymy of Aidablennius sphynx (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Lipej & Dulčić 2010:57 [ref. 36649]). Current status: Synonym of Aidablennius sphynx (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae.

sphynx, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:226, Pl. 321 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN A-2050 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:14 [ref. 20734]. Spelled sphinx by Günther 1861:221 [ref. 1964]; original spelling is Sphynx. •Valid as Blennius sphynx Valenciennes 1836 -- (Bath 1973:524 [ref. 7212], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:172 [ref. 31251]). •Valid as Aidablennius sphynx (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1097 [ref. 13677], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Gharred et al. 1998:101 [ref. 23486], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:121 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S21 [ref. 28536] as sphinx, Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:180 [ref. 28369], Fricke et al. 2007:97 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:127 [ref. 30517], Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:57 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:467 [ref. 33547], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Aidablennius sphynx (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: northern Morocco. Habitat: marine.

spilistius, Plagiotremus Gill [T. N.] 1865:140 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 8 (art. 14); ref. 1677] Chinese Seas. Holotype (unique): USNM 21722 [ex USNM 6553]. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:22 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Plagiotremus spilistius Gill 1865 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:123 [ref. 4144], Smith-Vaniz 1987:47 [ref. 6404], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:797 [ref. 31980], Yoshida et al. 2013:183 [ref. 34464]). Current status: Valid as Plagiotremus spilistius Gill 1865. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Gulf of Thailand and South China Sea (China and Vietnam). Habitat: marine.

spilotus, Istiblennius Springer [V. G.] & Williams [J. T.] 1994:155, Figs. 52-54 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 565; ref. 21878] Tidepools at Boleji Pt., Karachi, Pakistan, Arabian Sea, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: USNM 220913. Paratypes: BMNH 1888.12.29.150-153 (4), 1899.12.29.30-39 (10); BPBM 21353 (4); CAS 35597 (11); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 13136 (1); SMNS 13136 (1); USNM 199617 (2), 217331 (4), 296450-51 (3, 5), 296463 (3), 296465 (1), 296470 (3), 296479 (4), 325131 (7). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:5 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:16 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Istiblennius spilotus Springer & Williams 1994 -- (Randall 1995:318 [ref. 22896], Fricke 1999:483 [ref. 24106], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Fricke et al. 2009:96 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Fricke et al. 2018:312 [ref. 35805], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:201 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Valid as Istiblennius spilotus Springer & Williams 1994. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East and South Africa and Arabian Sea to Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes. Habitat: marine.

spiniger, Spinoblennius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:435 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Eden Island, Galápagos Islands. Holotype: FMNH 17395. Paratypes: FMNH 17397 (1); CAS-SU 24423 (4), USNM 117314 [ex FMNH 17396] (1), 119815 [ex FMNH 17398] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:95 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:80 [ref. 12367], Springer et al. 1991:22 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Hypsoblennius brevipinnis (Günther 1861) -- (Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsoblennius brevipinnis (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

springeri, Blennius Bauchot [M.-L.] 1967:64, Figs. 1-4; Pl. 7 (A-C) [Atlantide Report No. 9; ref. 20641] Jamestown, St. Helena Island. Holotype: ZMUC P75429. Paratypes: BMNH 1976.4.7.1 (1); ZMUC P75430-38 (now 8), P75441-44 (4). •Valid as Scartella springeri (Bauchot 1967) -- (Edwards & Glass 1987:658 [ref. 9166], Bath 1990:402 [ref. 15517], Bath 1990:913 [ref. 19373], Cervigón 1994:122 [ref. 24488], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Rangel et al. 2004:90 [ref. 27822], Rangel & Mendes 2009:52 [ref. 30055], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2806 [ref. 34618], Brown et al. 2019:165 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Scartella springeri (Bauchot 1967). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southern central Atlantic: Saint Helena endemic. Habitat: marine.

springeri, Cirripectes Williams [J. T.] 1988:62, Pl. 4 (B, C) [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 17; ref. 7000] West side of Sumilon Island, Philippines, depth 2 meters. Holotype: BPBM 22121. Paratypes: AMS I.18469-174 (1); CAS 48956 (2); ROM 53379 (2), 53380 (1); USNM 210166 (1), 227617 (1), 228283-90 (1, 2, 7, 1, 8, 1, 1, 2), 228292-94 (6, 1, 10), 228297 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:22 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Cirripectes springeri Williams 1988 -- (Allen 2000:116 [ref. 25868], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:808 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:148 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes springeri Williams 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: eastern Indonesia east to Solomon Islands, north to Philippines. Habitat: marine.

springeri, Ecsenius Allen [G. R.], Erdmann [M. V.] & Liu [S.-Y. V.] 2019:71, Figs. 2, 3, 7A [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 32; ref. 36633] Sariga Islet, Kokas District, Fakfak Peninsula, West Papua Province, Indonesia, -2.6061°, 132.4124°, depth 3-6 meters. Holotype: MZB 24898. Paratypes: MZB, WAM. •Valid as Ecsenius springeri Allen, Erdmann & Liu 2019. Current status: Valid as Ecsenius springeri Allen, Erdmann & Liu 2019. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Northern coast of the Fakfak Peninsula, West Papua Province, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

springeri, Hypleurochilus Randall [J. E.] 1966:65, Fig. 1C [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 79; ref. 9054] Cabo Rojo, southwest of lighthouse, Puerto Rico, depth 0-5 feet. Holotype: USNM 231716 [ex USNM 257884-Fl]. Paratypes: ANSP 81688 (1), 92742 (1), 93077 (2), 102130 (2), 112484 (1, c&s); LACM 7507 (1); MBUCV-V-962 (2), V-1476 (1); UF 10884 (2), 11408 (2), 11354 (1), 12275-76 (2, 2), 12277 (1); USNM 198262 (1); others at UF [ex UMML], UPRM. Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:114 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:30 [ref. 13621], Springer et al. 1991:22 [ref. 18888], Provenzano et al. 1998:11 [ref. 24196]. •Valid as Hypleurochilus springeri Randall 1966 -- (Greenfield & Johnson 1981:70 [ref. 5580], Robins & Ray 1986:231 [ref. 23100], Bath 1996:90 [ref. 22687], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Smith et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:166 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Pinheiro et al. 2013:95 [ref. 32885],Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:72 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Hypleurochilus springeri Randall 1966. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

springeri, Petroscirtes (Dasson) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1976:37, Fig. [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 19; ref. 4144] Cove at point just southwest of Yeh Lin, Taiwan, 25°12'N, 121°41'E, depth 7.5-9 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 203279. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:22 [ref. 18888], Ho & Shao 2011:54 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Petroscirtes springeri Smith-Vaniz 1976 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:297 [ref. 6441], Shen et al. 1986:52 [ref. 13821], Smith-Vaniz 1987:2 [ref. 6404], Nakabo 2000:1115 [ref. 25182], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1115 [ref. 26193], Smith-Vaniz 2005:34 [ref. 28343], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Ho & Shao 2011:54 [ref. 31432]). Current status: Valid as Petroscirtes springeri Smith-Vaniz 1976. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Southern Japan to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

steadi, Petroscirtes (Ostreoblennius) Whitley [G. P.] 1930:20 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 10 (pt 1); ref. 4671] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.4509. Based on literature sources and one specimen. •Synonym of Petroscirtes lupus (De Vis 1885) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:51 [ref. 4144], Hoese & Bray 2006:1561 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes lupus (De Vis 1885). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

stearnsi, Blennius Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:300 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 282); ref. 2472] Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. (stomach content). Syntypes: (3) USNM 29669 (now 1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:22 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Parablennius marmoreus (Poey 1876) -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius marmoreus (Poey 1876). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

steindachneri, Blennius Day [F.] 1873:110 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1873 (pt 1) (art. 4) (for 21 Jan. 1873); ref. 14185] Karachi, Sind, Pakistan. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.8003 (1, syntype); BMNH 1889.2.1.3582 (1); MZUF 3659 (1); NMW 76508 (1); RMNH 1705 (1); ZSI 2018 (1), 2079-81 (3). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:302 [ref. 25110]. •Synonym of Scartella emarginata (Günther 1861) -- (Randall 1995:323 [ref. 22896], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:204 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Synonym of Scartella emarginata (Günther 1861). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

steindachneri, Ophioblennius Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1898:2401 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2445] Near Mazatlán and Tres Marias Islands, west coast of Mexico. Lectotype: 51.4 mm specimen below. Paralectotypes: [one of the following] NMW 72675 (1), 77892 (1), 78550 (3). Lectotype selected by Springer 1962:148 [ref. 6500] as the only Steindachner type seen by him, NMV [NMW] without number, 51.4 mm SL. Appeared as name only in Jordan & Evermann 1896:472 [ref. 2442]. Based on Blennophis (Ophioblennius) webbi of Steindachner 1879:41 [ref. 4229]. •Valid as Ophioblennius steindachneri Jordan & Evermann 1898 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:254 [ref. 22193], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:928 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:73 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:534 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:245 [ref. 24555], Thomson et al. 2000:201 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Béarez & Séret 2009:150 [ref. 36646], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:7 [ref. 31156], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:149 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923], González-Murcia et al. 2019:295 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Ophioblennius steindachneri Jordan & Evermann 1898. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

steindachneri, Salarias Pfeffer [G. J.] 1893:143 [15], Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten v. 10; ref. 3461] Bani Island, East Africa. Lectotype: ZMH H410 [ex ZMH 1227] (male). Paralectotypes: ZMH H410 (2, females), 18076 (1). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:407 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. On p. 15 of separate. Type catalog and lectotype designation: Ladiges et al. 1958:165 [ref. 19181]; also same male designated lectotype by Springer & Williams 1994:98 [ref. 21878]. •Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1986:356 [ref. 6217]). •Valid as Istiblennius steindachneri (Pfeffer 1893) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:97 [ref. 21878], Randall 1995:317 [ref. 22896], Fricke 1999:483 [ref. 24106], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:495 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Fricke et al. 2013:269 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2018:313 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Istiblennius steindachneri (Pfeffer 1893). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: East Africa to Seychelles, Éparses Islands, Madagascar and Mascarenes. Habitat: marine.

steinitzi, Omobranchus Springer [V. G.] & Gomon [M. F.] 1975:70, Fig. 30 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 177; ref. 6083] Cundabilu Island, Dahlak Archipelago, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype: USNM 209433. Paratypes: USNM 209434 (2), HUJ 10092 [ex E62/399a] (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:23 [ref. 18888], Golani 2006:33 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Omobranchus steinitzi Springer & Gomon 1975 -- (Dor 1984:226 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:141 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus steinitzi Springer & Gomon 1975. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Southern Red Sea endemic: Eritrea. Habitat: marine.

steinitzii, Halmablennius Lotan [R.] 1970:367, Fig. 2 [Israel Journal of Zoology v. 18 (no. 4) (for 1969); ref. 7827] Entedebir Island, Dahlak Archipelago, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype: HUJ 13930 [ex E62/4040b]. Paratypes: (90) HUJ 10092 (1), 12107 (2), 12114 (1), 12117 (13), 12119 (1), 12123 (1), 12143 (2), 12158 (1), 12288 (41), 12289 (7), 12405 (1), 13931 (1), 13932 (7), 18106 (1). Type catalog: Golani 2006:32 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Istiblennius steinitzii (Lotan 1970) -- (Dor 1984:231 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Istiblennius flaviumbrinus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:158 [ref. 21878], Golani & Fricke 2018:140 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius flaviumbrinus (Rüppell 1830). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

stellatus, Blennius Risso [A.] 1810:134 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Villefranche-sur-Mer, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:16 [ref. 20734]. Also in Risso 1827:233 [ref. 3757]. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

stellifer, Scartichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1902:461, Fig. 10 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 25 (no. 1293); ref. 2516] Wakanoura, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 7069. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7156 (1), USNM 50298 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:95 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:23 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Istiblennius stellifer (Jordan & Snyder 1902) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:31 [ref. 7348]). •Valid as Entomacrodus stellifer (Jordan & Snyder 1902), subspecies stellifer (Jordan & Snyder 1902) -- (Nakabo 2000:1098 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2000:181 [ref. 25987], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495]). •Valid as Entomacrodus stellifer (Jordan & Snyder 1902) -- (Springer 1967:53 [ref. 18947], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:299 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:94 [ref. 21281], Shen et al. 1986:31 [ref. 13821], Myers 1999:226 [ref. 23965], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:8 [ref. 31156]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus stellifer (Jordan & Snyder 1902). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

stictus, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:74, Pl. 9 (figs. 5-6); Fig. 38 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Reef face about 1 mile from One Tree Island, Capricorn Group, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia, depth 0-15 feet. Holotype: USNM 201818. Paratypes: AMS I.20755-037 (1), I.20770-072 (18), I.22574-025 (2), I.22579-023 (1), I.22586-019 (1), I.22637-023 (1); ANSP 109690-91 (52, 30); ROM 38690 (2), 39668 (2), 39674 (1), 39860 (5); USNM 201822 (15), 201836 (4), 274539 (1), 274601 (1), 276343 (27, not 28). Non-types: USNM 264121 (1), 274537-38 (1, 1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:23 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius stictus Springer 1988 -- (Randall et al. 1990:381 [ref. 15987], Springer 1991:113 [ref. 18995], Randall et al. 1997:381 [ref. 25919], Springer & Randall 1999:47 [ref. 24274], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Hoese & Bray 2006:1549 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius stictus Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

stigmaticus, Cirripectus Strasburg [D. W.] & Schultz [L. P.] 1953:132, Fig. 2 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 43 (no. 4); ref. 12719] Lagoon reef, Rongerik Atoll, Latoback Island, Marshall Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 164962. Paratypes: USNM 142129 (1), 154673-74 (2, 3), 164961 (16), 164963-65 (2, 2, 1), Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:23 [ref. 18888]. Original genus should have been Cirripectes. •Valid as Cirripectes stigmaticus Strasburg & Schultz 1953 -- (Williams 1988:65 [ref. 7000], Randall et al. 1990:378 [ref. 15987], Bath & Patzner 1991:40 [ref. 19212], Allen 1997:210 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:326 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:378 [ref. 25919], Suzuki et al. 1999:2 [ref. 24391], Myers 1999:224 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:476 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:1095 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:397 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1095 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:382 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:487 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1546 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:95 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:808 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:309 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:138 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes stigmaticus Strasburg & Schultz 1953. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

stigmatopterus, Scartichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1904:553, Pl. 25 (lower fig.) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 1367] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: ANSP 27803. Paratypes: ANSP 27804 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:30 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:131 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

stigmatura, Ecsenius Fowler [H. W.] in Chapman & Schultz 1952:514, Fig. 90 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 102 (3310); ref. 12643] Dammi Island, between Jolo and Tawi Tawi Straits, Philippines, 5°52'12"N, 120°31'00"E, depth 244 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 99379. Paratypes: USNM 111878 (1), 122444 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:23 [ref. 18888]. Springer remarks in type catalog that published type locality is erroneous, correct locality is probably Tomahu I., off the west coast of Bouro I., Indonesia; Schultz had stated that he could not remember how he decided on the locality. •Valid as Ecsenius stigmatura Fowler 1952 -- (Springer 1971:30 [ref. 7707], Springer 1988:39 [ref. 6804], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Springer & Allen 2001:157 [ref. 25668], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:820 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius stigmatura Fowler 1952. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: West Pacific: Molucca and West Papua (Indonesia) and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

strasburgi, Entomacrodus Springer [V. G.] 1967:88, Pl. 14 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 122 (no. 3582); ref. 18947] Makapuu Point, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 179202. Paratypes: USNM 199272 (3), 200283 (36). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:23 [ref. 18888]. •In genus Entomacrodus -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:60 [ref. 4145]). •Valid as Entomacrodus strasburgi Sprinter 1967 -- (Mundy 2005:463 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:381 [ref. 30952], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus strasburgi Springer 1967. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

striatomaculatus, Salarias Kner [R.] & Steindachner [F.] 1867:368 [13], Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 54 (pt 3); ref. 2640] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): NMW 64687. On p. 13 of separate. Originally as striato-maculatus. •Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1986:356 [ref. 6217], Springer & Williams 1994:131 [ref. 21878], Fricke 1999:482 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

striatus, Blennius Steindachner [F.] 1876:63 [15], Pl. 8 (fig. 4) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] (Pacific) Panama. Syntypes: (several) not yet found at NMW. On p. 15 of separate. •Valid as Hypsoblennius striatus (Steindachner 1876) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:254 [ref. 22193], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:928 [ref. 22829], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Bath 2000:176 [ref. 25102], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Hypsoblennius striatus (Steindachner 1876). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Petroscirtes Jatzow [R.] & Lenz [H.] 1898:512, Pl. 35 (fig. 9) [Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft v. 21; ref. 14685] Bawi, Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Petroscirtes striatus Day 1888. •In genus Omobranchus -- (Springer 1972:15 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus fasciolatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:34 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:150 [ref. 4144], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:205 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus fasciolatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Petroscirtes Day [F.] 1888:262 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1888 (pt 3) (art. 4) (for 1 May 1888); ref. 14480] Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1889.2.1.3587. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. Original genus was misspelled Petroscrites. •Synonym of Aspidontus dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:63 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Aspidontus dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Praealticus Bath [H.] 1992:280, Figs. 60-71, 87e-l [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 72 (nos 4/6); ref. 20223] Cocoro Island, Cuyo Islands, Philippines, 10°52'54"N, 121°12'14"E. Holotype: USNM 317941. Paratypes: BPBM 35000 (2), CAS 76305 (2), SMF 18067 (2), USNM 296249 (99). Kottelat (2013) records an inland record in Natuna Islands (Tan & Lim 2004:110). •Valid as Praealticus striatus Bath 1992 -- (Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Suzuki et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25835], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:197 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:831 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:385 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:152 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:86 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Praealticus striatus Bath 1992. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: southern Japan and Taiwan to Philippines and Vietnam, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] (ex Quoy & Gaimard) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:309 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Lectotype: MNHN A-1796. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2525 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:32 [ref. 20734]. Lectotype selected by Springer 1967:83 [ref. 18947]. •Valid as Entomacrodus striatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1967:73 [ref. 18947], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:298 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:96 [ref. 21281], Springer 1986:746 [ref. 5719], Shen et al. 1986:33 [ref. 13821], Allen & Swainston 1988:130 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:60 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:382 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:382 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:226 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:479 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:25 [ref. 25829], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1099 [ref. 25182] with authors as Quoy & Gaimard, Sadovy & Cornish 2000:227 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290] with authors as Quoy & Gaimard, Nakabo 2002:1099 [ref. 26193] with authors as Quoy & Gaimard, Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830] with authors as Quoy & Gaimard, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], with authors as Quoy & Gaimard, Lobel & Lobel 2004:75 [ref. 27576] with authors as Quoy & Gaimard, Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624] with authors as Quoy & Gaimard, Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715] with authors as Quoy & Gaimard, Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:383 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:493 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1550 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:96 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:192 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:823 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:150 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:311 [ref. 35805], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus striatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), Coral Sea (Queensland, Australia), Lord Howe Island and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

strigata, Blennius parvicornis var. Lowe [R. T.] 1843:86 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1843 (pt 11); ref. 2832] Off Madeira. No types known. Species also as palmicornis. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

striolatus, Salarias Day [F.] 1876:333 [The fishes of India Part 2; ref. 1081] Andaman Islands. Lectotype: ZSI 2011. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. Lectotype selected by Springer & Williams 1994:23 [ref. 21878]. •Synonym of Blenniella cyanostigma (Bleeker 1849) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:30 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella cyanostigma (Bleeker 1849). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

sublineatus, Salarias De Vis [C. W.] 1884:695 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Cardwell, Queensland coast, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.1367. •Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Bath & Randall 1991:255 [ref. 15518]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias fasciatus (Bloch 1786). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

sujefianus, Blennius Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:458, 473 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] No locality. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:19 [ref. 20734]. Unnecessary replacement name for Blennius simus Zuiew 1779. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:83, 106 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Questionably a synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801) -- (Bath 1986:356 [ref. 6217], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Bath 2003:97 [ref. 27343]). Current status: Uncertain as Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

sumatranus, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1851:256 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 16890] Western Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH (not found). •Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878], Kottelat 2013:382 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

taeniatus, Aspidontus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1834:719, Pl. 19 (fig. 4) [Voyage de découvertes de "l'Astrolabe" Zoologie, v. 3 (Pt 2); ref. 3573] Agana, Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific; northern New Guinea. No types at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:5 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Aspidontus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard 1834 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:57 [ref. 4144], Dor 1984:222 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:297 [ref. 6441], Shen et al. 1986:42 [ref. 13821], Smith-Vaniz 1987:3 [ref. 6404], Allen & Swainston 1988:128 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:367 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:340 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:59 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:314 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:206 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:332 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:367 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:218 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:472 [ref. 24106], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:632 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:394 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:18 [ref. 25806], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:24 [ref. 27624]). •Valid as Aspidontus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard 1834, subspecies taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard 1834 -- (Fukao 1985:89 [ref. 21281], Nakabo 2000:1117 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2000:181 [ref. 25987], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1117 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:482 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1542 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:6 [ref. 31156], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:246 [ref. 31162], Motomura et al. 2010:190 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:788 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:179 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:147 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988], Fowler et al. 2017:[4] 2252 [ref. 36358], Zajonz et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Aspidontus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard 1834. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: eastern Indian Ocean east to Micronesia and French Polynesia and Marquesas Islands; north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to southern New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: marine.

taeniatus, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:112, Fig. 60 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Coral reef off Milne Bay District, Basilaki Island, Papua New Guinea, depth 0-20 feet. Holotype: USNM 277494. Paratypes: USNM 217566 (1); WAM P.24913-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:36 [ref. 19335], Springer et al. 1991:23 [ref. 18888], Moore et al. 2008:40 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Ecsenius taeniatus Springer 1988 -- (Springer 1991:112 [ref. 18995], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Springer & Allen 2004:3 [ref. 28002], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:820 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius taeniatus Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

talboti, Stanulus Springer [V. G.] 1968:119, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 81; ref. 7921] Off south reef about 1 mile from One Tree Island, Capricorn Group, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia [Coral Sea, southwestern Pacific], depth 5 meters. Holotype: USNM 202421. Paratypes: AMS IB.8184 [ex USNM 201372] (5), USNM 201371 (19, 2 c&s), USNM 201372 (25, now 20, 5 to AMS). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:23 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Stanulus talboti Springer 1968 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:299 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:128 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:388 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:206 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:388 [ref. 25919], Nakabo 2000:1097 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1097 [ref. 26193], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:504 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:347 [ref. 28867], Hoese & Bray 2006:1566 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:97 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Stanulus talboti Springer 1968. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

tanegasimae, Salarias Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1906:704, Fig. 12 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 30 (no. 1462); ref. 10666] Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 9363 [not USNM 53274]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 9780 (1); USNM 53274 (1), 111747 (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:94 [ref. 12291] as tanegashimae, Springer et al. 1991:24 [ref. 18888]. Type information: Springer & Eschmeyer 1974:567 [ref. 21415]. The name refers to Tanegashima (Tanega Is.), but the original spelling was tanegasimae. •Synonym of Praealticus amboinensis (Bleeker 1853), but a valid subspecies -- (Fukao 1985:113 [ref. 21281]). •Valid as Praealticus tanegasimae (Jordan & Starks 1906) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:300 [ref. 6441], Shen et al. 1986:27 [ref. 13821], Bath 1992:290 [ref. 20223] with USNM 53274 as holotype, Nakabo 2000:1100 [ref. 25182] as tanegashimae, Nakabo 2002:1100 [ref. 26193] as tanegashimae, Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:197 [ref. 31256], Motomura et al. 2015:28 [ref. 34709]). Current status: Valid as Praealticus tanegasimae (Jordan & Starks 1906). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

tapeinosoma, Petroskirtes Bleeker [P.] 1857:64 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 26469 [ex RMNH 4769]. Paralectotypes: RMNH 4769 (1 of 2). Original genus should have been Petroscirtes. Lectotype established by Dor 1984:224 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •Valid as Plagiotremus tapeinosoma (Bleeker 1857) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:138 [ref. 4144], Dor 1984:2224 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:297 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:91 [ref. 21281], Springer 1986:754 [ref. 5719], Shen et al. 1986:50 [ref. 13821], Allen & Swainston 1988:128 [ref. 25477], Paulin et al. 1989:222 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:62 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:373 [ref. 15987], Paulin & Roberts 1992:36 [ref. 24625], Kuiter 1993:338 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:206 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:332 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:373 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:220 [ref. 23965] as tapienosoma, Fricke 1999:488 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:746 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:26 [ref. 25829], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1118 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:396 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:232 [ref. 25480], Randall & Earle 2000:19 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1118 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:75 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:384 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:501 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1562 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:97 [ref. 30213], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:252 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:195 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:797 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:269 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:152 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:117 [ref. 36167], Stewart et al. 2015:1538 [ref. 34301], Fricke et al. 2018:315 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:142 [ref. 36273], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626], Zajonz et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Plagiotremus tapeinosoma (Bleeker 1857). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll and Pitcairn Group, north to central Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), New South Wales (Australia), northern New Zealand, Kermadec Islands and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

tasmanianus, Blennius Richardson [J.] 1842:129 [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 3 (pt 1) (art. 5); ref. 13097] Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1855.9.19.714 (1). First mentioned as Blennius tasmanius in name only and without characters in Richardson 1939:99 [ref. 3732]. •Valid as Parablennius tasmanianus (Richardson 1842) -- (Bath 1989:293 [ref. 13310], Kuiter 1993:336 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:730 [ref. 22532], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). •Valid as Parablennius tasmanianus (Richardson 1842) -- (Kuiter 1997:326 [ref. 25488], Hoese & Bray 2006:1560 [ref. 29000], Bath 2008:78 [ref. 29600], Smith-Vaniz 2008:696 [ref. 30654], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius tasmanianus (Richardson 1842). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia: Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

temminckii, Petroskirtes Bleeker [P.] 1851:243 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 331] Banda Neira, Banda Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 26970 [ex RMNH 4775]. Original genus should have been Petroscirtes. •Synonym of Meiacanthus grammistes (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:90 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Meiacanthus grammistes (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

tentacularis, Blennius Brünnich [M. T.] 1768:26 [Ichthyologia Massiliensis, sistens piscium descriptiones eorumque apud incolas nomina; ref. 17290] Marseille, France, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Blennius tentaculatus Lacepède 1800:473 [ref. 2709] is an unjustified emendation, which also appeared in Sonnini 1803:105 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Valid as Blennius tentaculatis Brünnich 1768 -- (Bath 1973:525 [ref. 7212], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:172 [ref. 31251]). •Valid as Parablennius tentacularis (Brünnich 1768) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1110 [ref. 13677], Bath 1990:911 [ref. 19373], Golani 1996:27 [ref. 22271], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Gharred et al. 1998:103 [ref. 23486], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:124 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S23 [ref. 28536], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:180 [ref. 28369], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Fricke et al. 2007:98 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:131 [ref. 30517], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:60 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:469 [ref. 33547], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2806 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:559 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius tentacularis (Brünnich 1768). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay south to Senegal, including Canary Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tessera, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:67, Pl. 7 (fig. 5); Fig. 33d [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Outside barrier reef west of Mato Pass, south end of New Caledonia, western Pacific, depth 6-10 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1980-0964. Paratypes: AMS I.6521-24 (4); BPBM 27126 (2). •Valid as Ecsenius tessera Springer 1988 -- (Springer & Randall 1999:42 [ref. 24274], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Randall 2005:490 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius tessera Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

tetradactylus, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1858:228 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 15 (no. 1); ref. 363] Western Belitung [Billiton] Island, Belitung Regency, Java Sea, Indonesia. Syntypes: (7) RMNH 4780 (5). Name is a noun in apposition, therefore correct as tetradactylus. Bleeker's unpublished illustration reproduced in Boeseman 1983:v. 11, Pl. 446, fig. 7 [ref. 12564], Alticus tetradactylus. •Valid as Andamia tetradactylus (Bleeker 1858) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:300 [ref. 6441], Shen et al. 1986:24 [ref. 13821], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:632 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1107 [ref. 25182] as tetradactyla, Allen 2000:116 [ref. 25868], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1107 [ref. 26193] as tetradactyla, Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Patzner et al. 2009:449 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:190 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:801 [ref. 31980], Koeda et al. 2016:84 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Andamia tetradactylus (Bleeker 1858). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and Philippines to Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

textilis, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] (ex Quoy & Gaimard) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:307 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Ascension Island, South Atlantic. Lectotype: MNHN A-2025. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-2026 (3), B-2524 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:32-33 [ref. 20734]. Lectotype selected by Springer 1967:121 [ref. 18947]. •Valid as Entomacrodus textilis (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1967:119 [ref. 18947], Springer 1972:12 [ref. 7647], Edwards & Glass 1987:657 [ref. 9166], Bath 1990:914 [ref. 19373], Springer & Fricke 2000:387 [ref. 24575], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Wirtz et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33516], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618], Brown et al. 2019:165 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus textilis (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southern central Atlantic: Ascension and Saint Helena islands. Habitat: marine.

thalassinus, Alticus Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:425, Fig. 103 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51795. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8692 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:92 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:24 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Entomacrodus thalassinus (Jordan & Seale 1906), subspecies thalassinus -- (Nakabo 2000:1097 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1097 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Hoese & Bray 2006:1550 [ref. 29000], Motomura et al. 2010:192 [ref. 31256]). •Valid as Entomacrodus thalassinus (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Springer 1967:144 [ref. 18947], Springer 1972:13 [ref. 7647], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:299 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:98 [ref. 21281], Shen et al. 1986:28 [ref. 13821], Allen & Swainston 1988:130 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:226 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:480 [ref. 24106], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:493 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:347 [ref. 28867], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:8 [ref. 31156], Allen & Erdmann 2012:823 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2018:311 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus thalassinus (Jordan & Seale 1906). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Seychelles, Madagascar, Mauritius (Mascarenes) and Maldives; Philippines east to Line Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to Taiwan and southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

thepassii, Petroskirtes Bleeker [P.] 1853:136 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16899] Ternate, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4661. Original genus should have been Petroscirtes. •Valid as Petroscirtes thepassii Bleeker 1853 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:50 [ref. 4144] as thepassi, Myers 1999:219 [ref. 23965] as thepasi, Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290] as thepassi, Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:170 [ref. 27510], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:251 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:795 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Petroscirtes thepassii Bleeker 1853. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Palau, Yap and Chuuk. Habitat: marine.

thysanius, Blennius Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1907:47, Fig. 19 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 26 (Doc. 606) (for 1906); ref. 2498] Cavite, Luzon Island, Philippines. Syntypes: CAS-SU 9252 (1), USNM 53071 [not 53072] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:92 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:24 [ref. 18888] with remarks that specimens are considered as syntypes due to conflicting published and ledger type designations of SU 5292 [sic 9252]. •Valid as Parablennius thysanius (Jordan & Seale 1907) -- (Bath 1989:320 [ref. 13309], Springer 1991 [ref. 18901], Randall 1995:321 [ref. 22896], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Carpenter et al. 1997:210 [ref. 23922], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:230 [ref. 25480], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Mundy 2005:466 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:383 [ref. 30952], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:829 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius thysanius (Jordan & Seale 1907). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Oman and Sri Lanka east to Philippines, north to Thailand; introduced in Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

tigris, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] 1988:98, Pl. 11 (fig. 1); Fig. 52 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 465; ref. 6804] Entrance to lagoon of Osprey Reef, Coral Sea, western Pacific, depth 5 meters. Holotype: BPBM 31034. Paratypes: AMS I.25110-021 (17), I.25112-025 (15), I.25113-020 (3); BPBM 31035 (1); USNM 285461 (2). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:24 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius tigris Springer 1988 -- (Randall et al. 1990:382 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1997:382 [ref. 25919], Springer & Randall 1999:44 [ref. 24274], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Springer 2002:3 [ref. 26322], Hoese & Bray 2006:1549 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius tigris Springer 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

tongaensis, Meiacanthus (Meiacanthus) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1987:43, Fig. 24f [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 139; ref. 6404] Off Nukualofa, Tonga Island, 21°14'S, 175°W, depth 1-2 meters. Holotype: BPBM 30877. Paratypes: ANSP 158098 (2); BPBM 30875 (4), 30912 (4); USNM 203765 (7). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:24 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Meiacanthus tongaensis Smith-Vaniz 1987 -- (Myers 1999:218 [ref. 23965], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:33 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:497 [ref. 28239], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus tongaensis Smith-Vaniz 1987. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Tonga. Habitat: marine.

tonganus, Blennius Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:420 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Based on Blennius cristatus of Günther (not Linnaeus). •Questionably valid as Scartella tongana (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687]). Current status: Uncertain as Scartella tongana (Jordan & Seale 1906). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

townsendi, Petroscirtes Regan [C. T.] 1905:328, Pl. 3(C) (fig. 7) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 16; ref. 15386] Jask, Mekran Coast, Iran, Gulf of Oman, northwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1899.5.8.100. •Valid as Plagiotremus townsendi (Regan 1905) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:132 [ref. 4144], Dor 1984:224 [ref. 29757], Smith-Vaniz 1987:50 [ref. 6404], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:323 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Golani & Fricke 2018:142 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Plagiotremus townsendi (Regan 1905). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Socotra, Gulf of Oman. Habitat: marine.

trachypareia, Xiphasia Bleeker [P.] 1864:196, Pl. [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 2; ref. 14180] Locality unknown. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Xiphasia setifer Swainson 1839 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:70 [ref. 4144], Randall 2005:505 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Xiphasia setifer Swainson 1839. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

tractus, Aspidontus Fowler [H. W.] 1903:170, Pl. 7 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 55; ref. 1360] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): ANSP 24207. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:30 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Aspidontus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard 1834, but a valid subspecies -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:62 [ref. 4144], Dor 1984:223 [ref. 29757], Springer 1986:744 [ref. 5719], Winterbottom et al. 1989:59 [ref. 13251], Goren & Dor 1994:59 [ref. 25356], Myers 1999:218 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:472 [ref. 24106], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Randall 2005:482 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Aspidontus tractus Fowler 1903 -- (Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:381 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2009:94 [ref. 30213], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:6 [ref. 31156], Fricke et al. 2013:268 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2018:307 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Aspidontus tractus Fowler 1903. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Western Indian Ocean: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Aldabra, Comoros, Madagascar, Saint Brandon's Shoals and Mascarenes. Habitat: marine.

transiens, Salarias quadricornis var. Klunzinger [C. B.] 1871:487, 488 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 21; ref. 2622] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Syntypes: ZMB 8086 (3). •Synonym of Istiblennius rivulatus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:231 [ref. 29757]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius rivulatus (Rüppell 1830). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

triangulus, Alticus Chapman [W. M.] in Weber & de Beaufort 1951:269, Fig. 46 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 9; ref. 16097] Andaman Islands. Holotype: CAS-SU 17780. Paratypes: (77) RMNH 1816 (1); CAS-SU 17781 (15), 17782 (5), 37132-33 (17, 2), 39580 (35); USNM 112034 (4), 144426 (4), 144517 (1, now 0), 144518 (7, now 0), 144519 (3), 144520 (0), 144521 (0), 144522 (0), 144531 (2), 144550 (now 7); ZMA 112903 (1); ZSI [ex USNM 144517-19] (1, 7, 8, 1), ZSI [ex 144531] (4), ZSI [ex USNM 144550] (30). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:92 [ref. 12291], Nijssen et al. 1982:93 [ref. 19236], Springer et al. 1991:24 [ref. 18888]. Author is W. M. Chapman. Springer et al. list a number of USNM paratypes, including many sent to the "Indian Museum", but it is clear from the Stanford lots and the original description that the USNM received no types; the original number of types probably was 73 or 74 -- 3 in 37132 were reidentified by Chapman prior to publication of triangularis but the bottle label and catalog retained the number 17, and one is unaccounted for or Chapman meant 40 specimens from the Andamans rather than 40 paratypes from the Andamans. •Valid as Praealticus triangulus (Chapman 1951) -- (Bath 1992:294 [ref. 20223], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:252 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:460 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:831 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Praealticus triangulus (Chapman 1951). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea (Andaman Islands, Myanmar and Thailand) and Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

tricolor, Ecsenius Springer [V. G.] & Allen [G. R.] 2001:158, Figs. 9-10 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 25668] Southwestern tip Culion, Calamian Group, about 11°40'40" N, 119°56'36" E, Philippines, depth 12-15 meters. Holotype: USNM 348659. Paratypes: AMS I.38809-001 (2), CAS 200240 (2), USNM 222137 (7). •Valid as Ecsenius tricolor Springer & Allen 2001 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:821 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius tricolor Springer & Allen 2001. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

tridactylus, Blennius Schneider [J. G.] (ex Forster) in Bloch & Schneider 1801:176 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tana Island [Tanna Island, Vanuatu]. No types known. Based on the jumping blenny ("Blennius saliens") of Forster 1777:v. 2, 343 [ref. 1353]. Name attributable to Schneider, description taken from Forster manuscript (reproduced in Lichtenstein 1844:283-285 [ref. 17531] as "Blennius gobioides"). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Blennius tridactylus Lacepède 1800. •Synonym of Alticus saliens (Lacepède 1800) -- (Dor 1984:227 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Andamia amphibius (Walbaum 1792) -- (Randall & Wheeler 1991:761 [ref. 15994]). Current status: Synonym of Andamia amphibius (Walbaum 1792). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

trifascigula, Blennius Fowler [H. W.] 1935:404, Fig. 36 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 87; ref. 1421] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): ANSP 63933. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:30 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Springer 1986:752 [ref. 5719], Bath 1990:909 [ref. 19373], Bath & Wirtz 1992:274 [ref. 19831], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:204 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

trigloides, Blennius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:228 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-5135 (1) Madeira, A-1837 (2) Naples, A-1839 (4) Nice. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:14 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Blennius trigloides Valenciennes 1836 -- (Bath 1973:525 [ref. 7212]). •Valid as Paralipophrys trigloides (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1990:911 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Gharred et al. 1998:104 [ref. 23486], Al-Hassan 1999:196 [ref. 25945], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:125 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:99 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:60 [ref. 36649]). •Valid as Lipophrys trigloides (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1105 [ref. 13677], Santos et al. 1997:100 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:106 [ref. 24952], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Stefanni et al. 2006:282 [ref. 30525], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Levy et al. 2011:410 [ref. 31177], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Lipophrys trigloides (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay south to Senegal, including Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

trigloides, Pholis Lowe [R. T.] 1843:87 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1843 (pt 11); ref. 2832] Not an original description but a new combination for Blennius trigloides Valenciennes 1836. Current status: Synonym of Lipophrys trigloides (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae.

trilineatus, Ecsenius (Ecsenius) Springer [V. G.] 1972:2, Fig. 1 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 134; ref. 7647] Towai Point, northwest Kiriwina Island, Trobriand Islands, New Guinea, Pacific, depth 0-7.6 meters. Holotype: USNM 205705. Paratypes: USNM 202477 (1), 205703-04 (2), 206378 (3). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:25 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Ecsenius trilineatus Springer 1972 -- (Springer 1988:104 [ref. 6804], Bath & Patzner 1991:44 [ref. 19212], Springer & Randall 1999:41 [ref. 24274], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290] dated 1971, Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Bray 2006:1549 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:821 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius trilineatus Springer 1972. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: West Pacific: Brunei, Malaysia, Indonesia, New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

trinitatis, Ophioblennius Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1919:177, Unnum. pl. (fig. 1) [Arquivos do Museu Nacional de Rio de Janeiro v. 22; ref. 15243] Trindade Island, Martin Vaz Islands, off southeastern Brazil, South Atlantic, 20°31'S, 29°19'W. Holotype (unique): MNRJ 5423. Type catalog: Miranda Ribeiro 1953:395 [ref. 12732]. •Synonym of Ophioblennius atlanticus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1990:915 [ref. 19373]). •Valid as Ophioblennius trinitatis Miranda Ribeiro 1919 -- (Feitoza et al. 2003:69 [ref. 26943], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Figueiredo Mendes 2007:63 [ref. 30523], Rangel & Mendes 2009:52 [ref. 30055], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:7 [ref. 31156], Pinheiro et al. 2015:28 [ref. 34324], Spier et al. 2018:15 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Ophioblennius trinitatis Miranda Ribeiro 1919. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Brazil including offshore islands. Habitat: marine.

trossulus, Aspidontus Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1902:455, Fig. 7 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 25 (no. 1293); ref. 2516] Misaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 7114. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:92 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Dasson trossulus (Jordan & Snyder 1902) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:36 [ref. 7348]). •Synonym of Petroscirtes breviceps (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:38 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes breviceps (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

truncatus, Blennius Poey [F.] 1860:424 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Blennius truncatus Forster in Bloch & Schneider 1801. •In genus Ophioblennius -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:60 [ref. 4145]). Current status: Synonym of Ophioblennius. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

truncatus, Blennius Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:172 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tahiti, Society Islands. Neotype: USNM 292529. Appeared first as a manuscript name mentioned under Blennius edentulus Forster & Schneider 1801 [ref. 471]; regarded as a name published in synonymy, and validated back to Forster & Schneider in Bloch & Schneider 1801 by publication in an available way in Lichtenstein 1844 (p. 231 [ref. 17531]). Neotype designated by Springer & Williams 1994:121 [ref. 21878]. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •Objective synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801) after neotype designation -- (Springer & Williams 1994:103 [ref. 21878] but dated to 1844, Kottelat 2013:382 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius edentulus (Forster & Schneider 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

truncatus, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1860:44 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 8 (art. 2); ref. 375] Sumatra, Indonesia. Unexplained new name for Salarias forsteri Valenciennes 1836. •Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tubuensis, Salarias Seale [A.] 1906:87, Fig. 8 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 3999] Tubuai, Austral Islands [Tubuai Islands], French Polynesia. Holotype (unique): BPBM 784. •Synonym of Blenniella paula (Bryan & Herre 1903) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:65 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella paula (Bryan & Herre 1903). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

uekii, Petroscirtes Katayama [M.] 1941:591, Fig. [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 53; ref. 13017] Toyama Bay, Japan. Holotype (unique): NSMT-P 18252. •Valid as Omobranchus uekii (Katayama 1941) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:35 [ref. 7348]). •Synonym of Omobranchus fasciolatoceps (Richardson 1846) -- (Springer 1972:15 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:33 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:150 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus fasciolatoceps (Richardson 1846). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

umbrifasciatus, Hepatoscartes Fowler [H. W.] 1944:230, 292, Fig. 251 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Playa Muerto, Panama. Holotype: ANSP 70211. Paratypes: ANSP 70212-41 (30), 70300-06 (7). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:30 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Ophioblennius steindachneri Jordan & Evermann 1898. Current status: Synonym of Ophioblennius steindachneri Jordan & Evermann 1898. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

undecimalis, Salarias Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:800, Fig. 18 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 28 (no. 1407); ref. 2495] Negros, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 51942. Paratypes: CAS-SU 9133 (2), USNM 138302 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:94 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:25 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Salarias guttatus Valenciennes 1836 -- (Bath & Randall 1991:255 [ref. 15518]). Current status: Synonym of Salarias guttatus Valenciennes 1836. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

unicolor, Salarias Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:136 [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): SMF 1866. •Valid as Istiblennius unicolor (Rüppell 1838) -- (Dor 1984:213 [ref. 29757], Springer & Williams 1994:152 [ref. 21878], Goren & Dor 1994:60 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:318 [ref. 22896], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:140 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:107 [ref. 36871] as cf. unicolor). Current status: Valid as Istiblennius unicolor (Rüppell 1838). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

unicornis, Blennius Castelnau [F. L.] 1879:384 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 4); ref. 764] Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:16 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Omobranchus anolius (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:15 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:20 [ref. 6083], Hoese & Bray 2006:1556 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus anolius (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

unimaculatus, Salarias Aoyagi [H.] 1954:215 [39] [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 63 (no. 5); ref. 130] Kowan, Okinawa Island, Okinawa Prefecture, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Lectotype: YCM-P 31339. Paralectotypes: (1). Type catalog: Hayashi 1995 [ref. 22717], Shibata et al. 2011:18 [ref. 31469]. In English on p. 217, p. 39 at bottom of page 215. Also listed as new in Aoyagi 1954:287 [ref. 12638]. Lectotype selected by Hayashi 1995 [ref. 22717]. •Synonym of Blenniella chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:78 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella chrysospilos (Bleeker 1857). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

unitus, Salarias quadricornis var. Klunzinger [C. B.] 1871:488 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 21; ref. 2622] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Syntypes: ZMB 8087 (3). •Synonym of Istiblennius rivulatus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:231 [ref. 29757]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius rivulatus (Rüppell 1830). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

urostigma, Meiacanthus (Allomeiacanthus) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.], Satapoomin [U.] & Allen [G. R.] 2001:29, Figs. 5a, 6-8 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 26213] Surin Neur Island, south coast, Phangnga Province, Surin Islands, 9°24'56"N, 97°52'40"E, northeastern Indian Ocean, depth 7 meters. Holotype: USNM 348776. Paratypes: PMBC 13711 (1), 16136 (3); ROM 71661 (1); USNM 348777 (1, c&s); WAM P.31527-001 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:40 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Meiacanthus urostigma Smith-Vaniz, Satapoomin & Allen 2001 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Satapoomin in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:250 [ref. 31162], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011:56 [ref. 31543], Allen & Erdmann 2012:793 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus urostigma Smith-Vaniz, Satapoomin & Allen 2001. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Andaman Sea to Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

vagans, Blennius Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 117 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] An overlooked available description. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

vaillanti, Hypleurochilus Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:420, Fig. 102 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Pago Pago, American Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51788. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:25 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Enchelyurus ater (Günther 1877) -- (Springer 1972:5 [ref. 4178]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelyurus ater (Günther 1877). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

vanderbilti, Ophioblennius Fowler [H. W.] 1938:242, Pl. 11 (figs. 26-27) [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 2; ref. 1428] Diamond Head, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: ANSP 68432. Paratypes: ANSP 68433 (1), 68434-45 (12). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:30 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Cirripectes vanderbilti (Fowler 1938) -- (Williams 1988:68 [ref. 7000], Randall 2005:487 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:462 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:380 [ref. 30952], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes vanderbilti (Fowler 1938). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

vanderbilti, Salarichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1944:234, Figs. 249-250 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Death River tide pools at foot of Mount Sapo, Panama. Holotype: ANSP 70070. Paratypes: ANSP 70071-73 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:30-31 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Entomacrodus chiostictus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Springer 1967:106 [ref. 18947]). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus chiostictus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

vandervekeni, Blennius Poll [M.] 1959:66, Fig. 24 [Résultats Scientifiques. Expédition Océanographique Belge dans les Eaux Côtières Africaines de l'Atlantique Sud (1948-1949). Bruxelles. v. 4 (no. 3B); ref. 12014] Bay of Lobito, Angola, 12°20'S, 13°34'E. Holotype: IRSNB 375. Paratypes: MRAC 126645 (1). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:44 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:31 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Blennius vandervekeni Poll 1959 -- (Bath 1973:525 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1108 [ref. 13677], Springer 1986:752 [ref. 5719], Bath 1990:909 [ref. 19373], Bath & Wirtz 1992:274 [ref. 19831], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:204 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius pilicornis (Cuvier 1829). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

variabilis, Petroscirtes Cantor [T. E.] 1849:1182 [200] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 715] Sea of Penang, Malaysia; Singapore. Syntypes: BMNH 1860.3.19.427-428 (2, skins). On p. 200 of separate. Neotype designated by Smith-Vaniz 1976:44 [ref. 4144] as SU 67355; syntypes subsequently found in 1977. •Valid as Petroscirtes variabilis Cantor 1849 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:44 [ref. 4144], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:297 [ref. 6441], Shen et al. 1986:54 [ref. 13821], Smith-Vaniz 1987:2 [ref. 6404], Randall et al. 1990:371 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1997:328 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:371 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:219 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:746 [ref. 25471], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1115 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:395 [ref. 25191], Matsuura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:284 [ref. 27511], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290] dated 1850, Nakabo 2002:1115 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830] dated 1850, Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:170 [ref. 27510], Hoese & Bray 2006:1562 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Satapoomin in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:251 [ref. 31162] with author and date as Peters 1855, Allen & Erdmann 2012:795 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:152 [ref. 33932], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2015:75 [ref. 34319] with author and date as Peters 1855). Current status: Valid as Petroscirtes variabilis Cantor 1849. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka east to Philippines and Papua New Guinea, north to Taiwan and south to Australia. Habitat: marine.

variegatus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:30 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:10 [ref. 3595]. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

variolatus, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:346, Pl. 330 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Juan Fernández Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-4410. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:33 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Scartichthys variolatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Pequeño 1989:66 [ref. 14125], Williams 1990:26 [ref. 13549], Pequeño & Sáez 2000:33 [ref. 24590], Pequeño & Lamilla 2000:434 [ref. 24906], Meléndez C. & Cornejo C. 2001:70 [ref. 26163], Pequeño & Sáez B. 2004:115 [ref. 28124], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396], Dyer & Westneat 2010:608 [ref. 31446]). Current status: Valid as Scartichthys variolatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Juan Fernandez Islands. Habitat: marine.

variolosus, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:317 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-4411. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:33 [ref. 20734]. As Salarias variolosa in Delfin 1989:96 [ref. 17394]. •Valid as Salarias variolosus Valenciennes 1836 -- (Dor 1984:228 [ref. 29757] but not in Red Sea, Fukao 1984:110 [ref. 6726]). •Valid as Cirripectes variolosus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:299 [ref. 6441], Williams 1988:70 [ref. 7000], Suzuki et al. 1999:4 [ref. 24391], Myers 1999:224 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:25 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:1095 [ref. 25182], Randall & Earle 2000:18 [ref. 25806], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1095 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:640 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:75 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:25 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:487 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:462 [ref. 28379], Shao et al. 2008:260 [ref. 29952], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988], Golani & Fricke 2018:138 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes variolosus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: eastern Indonesia east to Johnston Atoll, Fiji and Tonga, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

variopunctatus, Blennius Jatzow [R.] & Lenz [H.] 1898:511, Pl. 35 (fig. 8) [Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft v. 21; ref. 14685] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. No types known. •Valid as Antennablennius variopunctatus (Jatzow & Lenz 1898) -- (Bath 1983:66 [ref. 5393], Randall et al. 1994:237 [ref. 21645], Randall 1995:314 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:208 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:196 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Valid as Antennablennius variopunctatus (Jatzow & Lenz 1898). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa, Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman east to Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

varius, Blennius Seba [A.] 1759:90, 93, Tab. XXX [v. 3; ref. 18716] •Uncertain status -- (Holleman et al. 2012:840 [ref. 32284]). Blenniidae: Blenniinae.

varus, Blennius Pallas [P. S.] 1814:170 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Off Feodosia, Crimea. No types known. Bath dates to Brünnich 1768, with gattorugine Linnaeus questionably in synonymy. •Synonym of Blennius gattorugine Linnaeus 1758 [not Brünnich 1768] -- (Bath 1973:521 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Parablennius gattorugine (Linnaeus 1758) [not Brünnich 1768] -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687]). •Synonym of Parablennius sanguinolentus (Pallas 1814) -- (Parin 2003:S23 [ref. 28536], Parin et al. 2014:469 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius sanguinolentus (Pallas 1814). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

varus, Salarias Risso [A.] 1827:237 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] River Var, France. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:37 [ref. 20734]. Based on Blennius sujefianus of Risso 1810. Independent of Blennius varus Pallas 1814. •Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801) -- (Bath 1986:357 [ref. 6217], Krupp & Schneider 1989:406 [ref. 13651], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Kottelat 1997:175 [ref. 22952], Bath 2003:97 [ref. 27343], Kottelat 2004:121 [ref. 27669], Fricke et al. 2007:99 [ref. 29533]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

velifer, Antennablennius (Litanchus) Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:249, Fig. 15; Pl. 15 (fig. 2) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 14; ref. 4123] Cape Delgado, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 266. Paratypes: (many) not researched. •Valid as Antennablennius velifer Smith 1959 -- (Dor 1984:227 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:58 [ref. 25356], Patzner et al. 2009:450 [ref. 30396] as veliger). •Synonym of Antennablennius variopunctatus (Jatzow & Lenz 1898) -- (Bath 1983:66 [ref. 5393], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:196 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Synonym of Antennablennius variopunctatus (Jatzow & Lenz 1898). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

velifer, Blennius Norman [J. R.] 1935:19, Fig. 9 [Discovery Reports v. 12; ref. 13911] Elephant Bay, Angola, western Africa. Holotype and paratypes: BMNH 1935.5.11.184-193 (17). •Valid as Lipophrys velifer (Norman 1935) -- (Wirtz & Bath 1989:26 [ref. 9298], Bath 1990:908 [ref. 19373], Bath & Wirtz 1992:272 [ref. 19831], Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Afonso et al. 1999:78 [ref. 25466], Wirtz et al. 2007:38 [ref. 30263]). •Valid as Microlipophrys velifer (Norman 1935) -- (Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Levy et al. 2011:410 [ref. 31177], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2805 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Microlipophrys velifer (Norman 1935). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Angola, Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

ventrosus, Blennius Rathke [H.] 1836:41 (331, 444-445) [Mémoires présentés à l'Académie impériale des sciences de St.-Pétersbourg par divers savaus et lus dans ses assemblées. Mémoires des savaus étrangers v. 3; ref. 18611] Balaklawa, Black Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Blennius tentacularis Brünnich 1768 -- (Bath 1973:525 [ref. 7212]). •Synonym of Parablennius tentacularis (Brünnich 1768) -- (Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Parin 2003:S23 [ref. 28536], Parin et al. 2014:469 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius tentacularis (Brünnich 1768). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

vermiculatoides, Salarias Bleeker [P.] 1857:40 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 3 (art. 9); ref. 359] Trussan, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (6) RMNH 4777 (up to 6 of 10). Appeared as name only in Bleeker 1857:478 [ref. 13966] in list of fishes from Karangbotten, Java. •Synonym of Entomacrodus vermiculatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1967:44 [ref. 18947], Bath & Patzner 1991:47 [ref. 19212]). Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus vermiculatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

vermiculatus, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:301 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Seychelles, western Indian Ocean. Lectotype: MNHN A-1809. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-2029 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:33-34 [ref. 20734]. Lectotype selected by Springer 1967:46 [ref. 18947]. Misspelled vermicularis by Swainson 1839. •Valid as Entomacrodus vermiculatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1967:44 [ref. 18947], Bath & Patzner 1991:47 [ref. 19212], Fricke 1999:480 [ref. 24106], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Imamura in Imamura & Satapoomin 2009:248 [ref. 31162], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:824 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2018:311 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus vermiculatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Indonesia and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

verryckeni, Blennius Poll [M.] 1959:64, Fig. 23 [Résultats Scientifiques. Expédition Océanographique Belge dans les Eaux Côtières Africaines de l'Atlantique Sud (1948-1949). Bruxelles. v. 4 (no. 3B); ref. 12014] Banana Creek, French Equatorial Africa, 6°01'S, 12°23'30"E. Holotype: IRSNB 374. Paratypes: MRAC 126.644 (1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:31 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Parablennius verryckeni (Poll 1959) -- (Bath 1990:911 [ref. 19373], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2806 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius verryckeni (Poll 1959). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

verticalis, Omobranchus Springer [V. G.] & Gomon [M. F.] 1975:71, Fig. 31 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 177; ref. 6083] In mangroves in Boat Passage, Brisbane River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.4938. Paratypes: AMS I.17150-001 (1), ANSP 128000 (1), USNM 210616 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:31 [ref. 13621], Springer et al. 1991:25 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Omobranchus verticalis Springer & Gomon 1975 -- (Larson & Williams 1997:366 [ref. 23967], Johnson 1999:746 [ref. 25471], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Hoese & Bray 2006:1558 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Larson et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus verticalis Springer & Gomon 1975. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

vicinus, Meiacanthus (Meiacanthus) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1987:25, Fig. 14b [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 139; ref. 6404] 12 kilometers north of Udjung Pandang, Barang Lompo, Sulawesi, Indonesia, 5°03'S, 119°20'E, depth 10 meters. Holotype (unique): NTM S.10663-002. •Valid as Meiacanthus vicinus Smith-Vaniz 1987 -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:33 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011:44 [ref. 31543], Allen & Erdmann 2012:793 [ref. 31980], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2019:48 [ref. 36813]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus vicinus Smith-Vaniz 1987. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indonesia: Sulawesi. Habitat: marine.

victoriae, Blennius Fowler [H. W.] 1908:442, Fig. 10 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 59; ref. 1377] Victoria, Australia. Holotype: ANSP 33128. Paratypes: ANSP 33129-30 (2, in jar with holotype). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:31 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Parablennius tasmanianus (Richardson 1842) -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Hoese & Bray 2006:1560 [ref. 29000], Bath 2008:78 [ref. 29600]). Current status: Synonym of Parablennius tasmanianus (Richardson 1842). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

vinciguerrae, Petroscirtes Borsieri [C.] 1904:211 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 1 (no. 41); ref. 15109] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): MSNG 32051. Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:341 [ref. 10350]. •Valid as Omobranchus vinciguerrae (Borsieri 1904) -- (Springer 1972:15 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus fasciolatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Dor 1984:225 [ref. 29757], Springer & Gomon 1975:34 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:150 [ref. 4144], Golani & Fricke 2018:141 [ref. 36273], Mehraban & Esmaeili 2018:205 [ref. 36242]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus fasciolatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

vinctus, Blennius Poey [F.] 1867:243 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 14078] Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 12647. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:217-218 [ref. 22926]. •Valid as Lupinoblennius vinctus (Poey 1867) -- (Bath 1996:91 [ref. 22687], Sazima & Carvalho-Filho 2003:175 [ref. 26880], Williams 2003:1772 [ref. 27109], Smith et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:637 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:456 [ref. 30396], Matamoros et al. 2009:23 [ref. 31241], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Machado et al. 2017:2394 [ref. 35374]). Current status: Valid as Lupinoblennius vinctus (Poey 1867). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

viperidens, Salarias De Vis [C. W.] 1884:697 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Somerset, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.423 (3), QM I.104 (4). •Synonym of Petroscirtes variabilis Cantor 1849 -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1562 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes variabilis Cantor 1849. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

viridis, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:344 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Valparaíso, Chile. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2128. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:34 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Scartichthys viridis (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Pequeño 1989:66 [ref. 14125], Stepien 1990:600 [ref. 19879], Williams 1990:27 [ref. 13549], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:250 [ref. 24555], Pequeño & Sáez 2000:33 [ref. 24590], Patzner et al. 2009:461 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Scartichthys viridis (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

viriosus, Cirripectes Williams [J. T.] 1988:73, Fig. 21 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 17; ref. 7000] Near Desquid Point, Balugn [Balugan] Bay, 20°26'N, 121°57'55"E, Batanes Province, Batan Island, Philippines, depth 0-3 meters. Holotype: USNM 289070. Paratypes: ANSP 159197 (1), USNM 283820 (1). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:25 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Cirripectes viriosus Williams 1988 -- (Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3543 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:451 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:808 [ref. 31980], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2018:131 [ref. 36397]). Current status: Valid as Cirripectes viriosus Williams 1988. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Batanes, Philippines. Habitat: marine.

visayanus, Salarias periophthalmus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1934:97 [Notes on fishes in the Zoological Museum of Stanford University. 1. The fishes of the Herre Philippine expedition of 1931.; ref. 2108] Dumaguete, Oriental Negros, Philippines. Neotype: CAS-SU 28435 (49.8-mm male). Herre specimens: BMNH 1933.3.11,713-715 (3); CAS-SU 28436 (10), 69690 (6). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:94 [ref. 12291]. Type not separable from paratypes; neotype designated by Springer & Williams 1994:48 [ref. 21878]. •Synonym of Blenniella bilitonensis (Bleeker 1858) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:43 [ref. 21878]). Current status: Synonym of Blenniella bilitonensis (Bleeker 1858). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

vittatus, Meiacanthus (Meiacanthus) Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1976:93, Fig. 142 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 19; ref. 4144] Madang Harbor, New Guinea, Bismarck Sea, depth 9 meters. Holotype: USNM 201453. Paratypes: AMS I.17148-001 (1), I.17537-001 (3); ANSP 126900 (1), 128346 (2); BPBM 15769 (3); CAS 15794 (1); CSIRO B 884 (1); DASF FO3214 (2); USNM 205677 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:31 [ref. 13621], Springer et al. 1991:25 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Meiacanthus vittatus Smith-Vaniz 1976 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1987:8 [ref. 6404], Smith-Vaniz et al. 2001:33 [ref. 26213], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2011:46 [ref. 31543], Allen & Erdmann 2012:793 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:151 [ref. 33932], Smith-Vaniz & Allen 2019:48 [ref. 36813]). Current status: Valid as Meiacanthus vittatus Smith-Vaniz 1976. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea, including New Brittain. Habitat: marine.

vittipinnis, Blennius Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:25 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1883.7.4.56 [ex MNHN] (1); MNHN A-2120 to 2121 (3, 3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:15 [ref. 20734]. •In genus Istiblennius -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:61 [ref. 4145] as vitipinnis). •Synonym of Istiblennius meleagris (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:126 [ref. 21878], Hoese & Bray 2006:1553 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius meleagris (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

vividus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:28, Pl. 4 (fig. 3) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:10 [ref. 3595]. Blenniidae. Habitat: marine.

vomerinus, Salarias Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:349 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Bahia, Brazil. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-3082. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2526 (7). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:34 [ref. 20734]. Lectotype selected by Springer 1967:117 [ref. 18947]. •Valid as Salarias vomerinus Valenciennes 1836 -- (Springer 1967:114 [ref. 18947]). •Valid as Entomacrodus vomerinus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:12 [ref. 7647], Springer & Fricke 2000:388 [ref. 24575], Feitoza et al. 2003:69 [ref. 26943], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:96 [ref. 27192], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Rangel & Mendes 2009:59 [ref. 30055], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus vomerinus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Brazil including offshore islands. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Blennius Pollini [C.] 1816:20, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Viaggio al Lago di Garda e al Monte Baldo; ref. 18566] Lake Garda, Italy. No types known. •Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801) -- (Bath 1986:357 [ref. 6217], Krupp & Schneider 1989:406 [ref. 13651], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Kottelat 1997:175 [ref. 22952], Bath 2003:97 [ref. 27343], Fricke et al. 2007:99 [ref. 29533]). Current status: Synonym of Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio 1801). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vulsus, Petroscirtes Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1907:47, Fig. 20 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 26 (Doc. 606) (for 1906); ref. 2498] Manila, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 9253. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:93 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Petroscirtes variabilis Cantor 1849 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:44 [ref. 4144]). Current status: Synonym of Petroscirtes variabilis Cantor 1849. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

walensis, Salarias Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:437 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Wala Island, Vanuatu. Holotype: FMNH 17393. Paratypes: FMNH 17394 (1), CAS-SU 24436 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:94 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:77 [ref. 12367]. Appeared first as name only and spelled walaensis in Herre 1931:14 [ref. 9831]. •In genus Rhabdoblennius -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:61 [ref. 4145]). •Valid as Rhabdoblennius walensis (Herre 1935) -- (Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290] dated 1931). •Synonym of Rhabdoblennius snowi (Fowler 1928) -- (Bath 2004:12 [ref. 28017]). Current status: Synonym of Rhabdoblennius snowi (Fowler 1928). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

wamiziensis, Aspidontus (Escadotus) Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:235, Pl. 17 (fig. 10) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 14; ref. 4123] Wamizi Island, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 249 [?961c]. •Synonym of Aspidontus dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:63 [ref. 4144], Springer 1986:744 [ref. 5719]). Current status: Synonym of Aspidontus dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: marine.

waterousi, Petroscirtes Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1942:112 [Copeia 1942 (no. 2); ref. 13208] Swamp at Waterous Hacienda, Mangarin, Mindoro, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 36673. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:93 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Omobranchus kranjiensis (Herre 1940) -- (Springer 1972:15 [ref. 4178]). •Synonym of Omobranchus ferox (Herre 1927) -- (Springer & Gomon 1975:38 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:150 [ref. 4144], Kottelat 2013:383 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus ferox (Herre 1927). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

watsoni, Ophioblennius Reid [E. D.] 1943:376, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 33 (no. 12); ref. 3686] Anse à Galets, La Gonave Island, Haiti, West Indies. Holotype: USNM 89614. Paratypes: USNM 120097 (1, not found in 1980). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:25 [ref. 18888]. •In genus Ophioblennius -- (Smith-Vaniz & Springer 1971:61 [ref. 4145]). •Synonym of Ophioblennius macclurei (Silvester 1915) -- (on advice of Victor Sringer, Feb. 3, 2015). Current status: Synonym of Ophioblennius macclurei (Silvester 1915). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

webbii, Blennophis Valenciennes [A.] 1843:61 [Ichthyologie des îles Canaries v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 4502] Fortaventura, Canary Islands. Syntypes: MNHN A-2181 (4). •Synonym of Ophioblennius atlanticus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1990:914 [ref. 19373] as webbi). Current status: Synonym of Ophioblennius atlanticus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

wellsi, Fallacirripectes Schultz [L. P.] & Chapman [W. M.] in Schultz et al. 1960:365, Fig. 125 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 2; ref. 3972] Bowditch anchorage, half mile off Rongelap Island, Rongelap Atoll, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): USNM 142154. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:25 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Stanulus seychellensis Smith 1959 -- (Springer 1968:115 [ref. 7921]). Current status: Synonym of Stanulus seychellensis Smith 1959. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

williamsi, Entomacrodus Springer [V. G.] & Fricke [R.] 2000:395, Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 113 (no. 2); ref. 24575] Solomon Islands, Santa Cruz Islands, Duff Islands, Lakao, northwestern end at Temoma Pt., 9°47'54"S, 165°05'18"E, small cove, surge channels in big boulders, depth 0-10 meters. Holotype: USNM 356864. Paratypes: USNM 206400 (1), 356244 (1), 357792 (4). •Valid as Entomacrodus williamsi Springer & Fricke 2000 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Patzner et al. 2009:454 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:824 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:150 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Entomacrodus williamsi Springer & Fricke 2000. Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

wilsoni, Petroscirtes Macleay [W.] 1884:171 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 1); ref. 17589] North shore of Port Jackson, N. S. W, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16410-001 [ex MAMU F1037a]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Omobranchus anolius (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1972:15 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:20 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:150 [ref. 4144], Hoese & Bray 2006:1556 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Omobranchus anolius (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

wolffi, Entomacrodus Rofen [R. R.] 1958:202, Pl. 11 (fig. 31), Fig. 1 [The Natural History of Rennell Island, British Solomon Islands, Copenhagen v. 1 (no. 10); ref. 12110] Rennell Island, 11°39'S, 160°14'E, Solomon Islands, depth 0-0.25 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P75354. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:73 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Entomacrodus striatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Springer 1967:73 [ref. 18947]) Current status: Synonym of Entomacrodus striatus (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: marine.

woodi, Aspidontus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:105 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] Nahoon River, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM 9898. •Valid as Omobranchus woodi (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908) -- (Springer 1972:15 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:72 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:150 [ref. 4144], Springer 1986:751 [ref. 5719], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus woodi (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic to western Indian Ocean. Habitat: brackish.

xestus, Petroscirtes Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:433, Fig. 110 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Pago Pago, American Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51797. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8694 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:93 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:25 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Petroscirtes xestus Jordan & Seale 1906 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1976:36 [ref. 4144], Smith-Vaniz 1987:1 [ref. 6404], Winterbottom et al. 1989:61 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:372 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1997:328 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:372 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:219 [ref. 23965], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3546 [ref. 26290], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:639 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:500 [ref. 28239], Smith-Vaniz 2005:34 [ref. 28343], Hoese & Bray 2006:1562 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:795 [ref. 31980], Fricke 2015:5 [ref. 33807]). Current status: Valid as Petroscirtes xestus Jordan & Seale 1906. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Micronesia to line Islands, Samoa, Australia to Philippines and throughout the East Indian region. Habitat: marine.

xiphiodon, Ophioblennius Clark [H. W.] 1938:183 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 22 (no. 7); ref. 12316] Callao, Peru. Holotype: CAS 5543. Paratypes: CAS 5544-50 (orig. 7, now 5), 5551-52 (2), 5553-56 (4); USNM 120026 [ex CAS 5544-5550] (2, not found in 1980). Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:25 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Scartichthys gigas (Steindachner 1876) -- (Williams 1990:24 [ref. 13549]). •Valid as Scartichthys xiphiodon (Clark 1938) -- (Pequeño 1989:66 [ref. 14125], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:250 [ref. 24555]). Current status: Synonym of Scartichthys gigas (Steindachner 1876). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Peru (if valid). Habitat: marine.

yaeyamaensis, Salarias Aoyagi [H.] 1954:213 [37], Figs. 2-3 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 63 (no. 5); ref. 130] Iriomote Island, Okinawa Prefecture, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Lectotype: YCM P.30881(49.4 mm TL male). Paralectotypes: ?YCM-P 30881 (1). Type catalog: Shibata et al. 2011:18 [ref. 31469]. Type information: Hayashi 1995 [ref. 22717] but with possible errors (V. G. Springer, 4/2004). In English on p. 217, with p. 37 at bottom of page 213. Also listed as new in Aoyagi 1954:286 [ref. 12638]. •Valid as Ecsenius yaeyamaensis (Aoyagi 1954) -- (Springer 1971:32 [ref. 7707], Springer 1972:2 [ref. 7647], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:301 [ref. 6441], Shen et al. 1986:19 [ref. 13821], Springer 1988:75 [ref. 6804], Allen & Swainston 1988:130 [ref. 25477] as yaeyamensis, Randall et al. 1990:381 [ref. 15987], Bath & Patzner 1991:46 [ref. 19212], Allen 1997:208 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:225 [ref. 23965], Springer & Randall 1999:47 [ref. 24274], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1109 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Springer 2001:3544 [ref. 26290], Nakabo 2002:1109 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:54 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Hoese & Bray 2006:1549 [ref. 29000], Patzner et al. 2009:453 [ref. 30396], Motomura et al. 2010:192 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:821 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:179 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:149 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:16 [ref. 35354], Allen et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36633]). Current status: Valid as Ecsenius yaeyamaensis (Aoyagi 1954). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka to Vanuatu, north to southern Japan, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

yatabei, Blennius Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1900:374, Pl. 19 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 23 (no. 1213); ref. 2502] Near Misaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): USNM 49404. Type catalog: Springer et al. 1991:25 [ref. 18888]. •Valid as Blennius yatabei Jordan & Snyder 1900 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:29 [ref. 7348], Cheng & Zhou 1997:326 [ref. 26385]). •Valid as Pictiblennius yatabei (Jordan & Snyder 1900) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:195 [ref. 6441], Fukao 1985:82 [ref. 21281]). •Valid as Parablennius yatabei (Jordan & Snyder 1900) -- (Shen et al. 1986:5 [ref. 13821], Bath 1989:331 [ref. 13309], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Nakabo 2000:1091 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2000:181 [ref. 25987], Shimizu 2001:36 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:1091 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:388, 650 [ref. 26218], Parin 2003:S23 [ref. 28536], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Parin et al. 2014:470 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius yatabei (Jordan & Snyder 1900). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ypsilon, Oman Springer [V. G.] 1985:92, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 98 (no. 1); ref. 6107] 100 meters off shore from Sur, 22°35'39"N, 59°32'E, Oman, Arabian Sea, depth 4 meters. Holotype (unique): ROM 40208 (c&s). •Valid as Oman ypsilon Springer 1985 -- (Randall 1995:319 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:457 [ref. 30396], Zogaris et al. 2014:77 [ref. 33604], Zajonz et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Oman ypsilon Springer 1985. Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Socotra, Oman, Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

zamboangae, Salarias Evermann [B. W.] & Seale [A.] 1906:512, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 31 (no. 1491); ref. 15657] Zamboanga, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 55623. Paratypes: USNM 291687 [ex USNM 55623] (2) [1 was to become CAS-SU 10007, the other USBF 1496 but transfer not accomplished] Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:94 [ref. 12291], Springer et al. 1991:25 [ref. 18888]. •Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Bath 1986:356 [ref. 6217]). Current status: Synonym of Istiblennius dussumieri (Valenciennes 1836). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

zebra, Petroskirtes Bleeker [P.] 1868:279 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 2; ref. 17057] Singapore. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4454. Original genus should have been Petroscirtes. •Valid as Omobranchus zebra (Bleeker 1868) -- (Springer 1972:15 [ref. 4178], Springer & Gomon 1975:74 [ref. 6083], Smith-Vaniz 1976:150 [ref. 4144], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:914 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:130 [ref. 23448], Springer in Randall & Lim 2000:633 [ref. 25122], Springer 2001:3545 [ref. 26290], Patzner et al. 2009:458 [ref. 30396], Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Omobranchus zebra (Bleeker 1868). Blenniidae: Blenniinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

zebra, Salarias Vaillant [L. L.] & Sauvage [H.-E.] 1875:281 [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 3) v. 3; ref. 17853] Hawaiian Islands. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-8917. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-8918 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:34-35 [ref. 20734]. Lectotype selected by Springer & Williams 1994:142 [ref. 21878]. •Valid as Istiblennius zebra (Vaillant & Sauvage 1875) -- (Springer & Williams 1994:139 [ref. 21878], Mundy 2005:464 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:382 [ref. 30952], Patzner et al. 2009:455 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Istiblennius zebra (Vaillant & Sauvage 1875). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

zvonimiri, Blennius Kolombatović [G.] 1892:107 [1], Pl. 5 [Glasnik Hrvatskoga Naravoslovnoga Društva v. 7; ref. 14513] Dalmatia Croatia. Syntypes: MZUF 5662-66 (5); NMW 5477 (8), 14493 (4). Type catalog: Vanni 1991:226 [ref. 20099]. On p. 1 of separate. •Valid as Blennius zvonimiri Kolombatović 1892 -- (Bath 1973:526 [ref. 7212], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:172 [ref. 31251]). •Valid as Parablennius zvonimiri (Kolombatović 1892) -- (Bath 1981:343 [ref. 22163], Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1111 [ref. 13677], Bath 1996:92 [ref. 22687], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:125 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S23 [ref. 28536] with subspecies, Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:181 [ref. 28369], Almada et al. 2005:289 [ref. 28398], Fricke et al. 2007:99 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:132 [ref. 30517], Kovačić & Golani 2008:423 [ref. 33214], Patzner et al. 2009:459 [ref. 30396], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:60 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:470 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Parablennius zvonimiri (Kolombatović 1892). Blenniidae: Salariinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Sea of Azov. Habitat: brackish, marine.