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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Callionymidae: [ 302 ] records


aagilis, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 1999:491, Fig. 9 [ ref. 24106] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1966-0833. •Valid as Callionymus aagilis Fricke 1999 -- (Fricke 2002:10 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2009:97 [ref. 30213], Pinault et al. 2014:87 [ref. 33429]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus aagilis Fricke 1999. Callionymidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Réunion and Mauritius. Habitat: marine.

achates, Callionymus De Vis [C. W.] 1883:620 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 7 (pt 4); ref. 17381] Queensland, Australia. No types known. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Synchiropus calauropomus (Richardson 1844) -- (Fricke 1981:68 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:588 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:75 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Foetorepus calauropomus (Richardson 1844) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1583 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus calauropomus (Richardson 1844). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

acutirostris, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 1981:153, Fig. 7 [Zoologische Beiträge v. 27 (no. 1); ref. 8604] 2.5 miles west of Calaguaguin Cove, Luzon Island, Philippines, western Pacific, depth 44-35 fathoms. Holotype (unique): CAS 32642. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:59 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus acutirostris Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:60 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:57 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3554 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:10 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus acutirostris Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Luzon (Philippines). Habitat: marine.

admirabilis, Callionymus Risso [A.] 1827:264, Pl. 6 (fig. 11) [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1520. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:105 [ref. 21539]. Based on several literature sources so probably syntypes are involved. •Synonym of Callionymus pusillus Delaroche 1809 -- (Wheeler 1973:517 [ref. 7190], Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:37 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus pusillus Delaroche 1809. Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

affinis, Callionymus Regan [C. T.] 1908:248 [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Southern Nilandu, Maldives, Indian Ocean, depth 30 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1901.12.31.72 [or 31.172]. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Callionymus persicus Regan 1905 -- (Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:417 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:36 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus persicus Regan 1905. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

affinis, Callionymus Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:134 [On some new fishes from the Queensland coast; ref. 3289] Off Cape Moreton, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS E.1569. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Callionymus affinis Regan 1908. •Questionably a synonym of Callionymus ogilbyi Fricke 2002 -- (Fricke 2002:35 [ref. 26547], Fricke & Quang 2018:443 [ref. 35976]). •Synonym of Calliurichthys scaber (McCulloch 1926) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1581 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus ogilbyi Fricke 2002. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

afilum, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 2000:48, Fig. 24 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 617; ref. 25197] Arafura Sea, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.21943-004. Paratypes: AMS I.21842-028 (4), I.21943-021 (1); CSIRO 754 (1), H 745-02 (1), H 1466-01 (1), H 1479-01 (1), H 4643-02 (1); KFRS F.01705 (1, not found), F.02709 (1, not found); SMNS 21375 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:19 [ref. 29864]. May use Callionymus or Calliurichthys; authors differ. Specimens not found in KFRS (Pogonoski, Appleyard & White, pers. comm. 9/18/2016). •Valid as Calliurichthys afilum (Fricke 2000) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1580 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32988]). •Valid as Callionymus afilum Fricke 2000 -- (Fricke 2002:11 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:63 [ref. 34390], Fricke 2016:52 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:22 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:182 [ref. 35548], Fricke & Quang 2018:440 [ref. 35976]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus afilum Fricke 2000. Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: northwestern Australia east to Torres Strait (Queensland, Australia) and New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

africanus, Diplogrammus Kotthaus [A.] 1977:38, Figs. 421, 422, 423a, 424a [Meteor Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie No. 25; ref. 7262] Northeast of Mombasa, Kenya, 1°18'S, 41°56'E to 1°19.8'S, 41°53'E, depth 220-178 meters. Holotype: ZMH 5533. Paratypes: ZMH 5332 (2), 5334 (30). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:419 [ref. 21161]. Fricke 2002:14 [ref. 26547] considered the southern Red Sea material [ZMH 5332] of Diplogrammus africanus Kotthaus 1977 as belonging to Callionymus bentuviai Fricke 1981. •Valid as Callionymus africanus (Kotthaus 1977) -- (Fricke 1982:59 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:64 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:11 [ref. 26547], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Fricke & Golani 2013:278 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:4, 11, 12, 14 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:48, 49 [ref. 34468]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus africanus (Kotthaus 1977). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa (Kenya, Tanzania) and Seamount on Chain Ridge at 6°58'N, 52°05'E. Habitat: marine.

agassizii, Callionymus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [B. A.] in Agassiz 1888:29, Fig. 207 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 15 (in 2 vols.); ref. 1845] Off Barbados, West Indies, 13°00.5'N, 59°36.2'W, depth 209 fathoms. Holotype: MCZ 86660 [not MCZ 43091]. Non-types: MCZ 27988 (5), USNM 153582 (2). Lectotype selected by Davis 1966:858 [ref. 12452]; original locality of Gulf of Mexico in error; Nakabo & Hartel 1999:114 [ref. 23704] treat a holotype and do not accept the lectotype designation. •Valid as Callionymus agassizii Goode & Bean 1888 -- (Scott & Scott 1988:478 [ref. 25518] as agassizi). •Valid as Synchiropus agassizii (Goode & Bean 1888) -- (Fricke 1981:46 [ref. 1499] as agassizi, Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432] as agassizi, Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:453 [ref. 14275], Davis & Fricke 1990:923 [ref. 19375] as agassizi, Andreata & Séret 1996:588 [ref. 16204] as agassizi, Fricke 2002:52 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus agassizii (Goode & Bean 1888) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:239 [ref. 23100] as agassizi, McAllister 1990:176 [ref. 14674] as agassizi, Boschung 1992:161 [ref. 23239], Nakabo & Hartel 1999:114 [ref. 23704], Moore et al. 2003:229 [ref. 27076], Hartel & Nakabo 2003:1776 [ref. 27110], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27192], Roa-Varón et al. 2003:17 [ref. 27814], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:649 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:74 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus agassizii (Goode & Bean 1888). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

alboranensis, Protogrammus Fricke [R.], Ordines [F.], Farias [C.] & García-Ruiz [C.] in Farias, Ordines, García-Ruiz & Fricke 2016:3, Figs. 2-3 [Scientia Marina v. 80 (no. 1); ref. 34167] 5.6 km west of Alborán Island, Alborán Island shelf, Alboran Sea, Spain, southwestern Mediterranean, 35°56'36"N, 3°05'55"W, depth 113 meters. Holotype: CFM_IEOMA 5557. Paratypes: CFM_IEOMA, SMF. •Valid as Protogrammus alboranensis Fricke, Ordines, Farias & García-Ruiz 2016 -- (Fricke & Ordines 2017:166, 169 [ref. 35468], Fricke & Ordines 2017:290 [ref. 35611]). Current status: Valid as Protogrammus alboranensis Fricke, Ordines, Farias & García-Ruiz 2016. Callionymidae. Distribution: Alboran Sea, Spain, southwestern Mediterranean. Habitat: marine.

alisae, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 2016:58, Fig. 1 [FishTaxa v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 34390] Papua New Guinea, New Ireland Province, Kavieng District, off southeast coast of Bauddisson Island, 28 km southwest of Kavieng, Bismarck Sea, 2°42.64'S, 150°36.14'E - 2°43.21'S, 150°35.55'E, depth 90-228 meters. Holotype (unique): NTUM 11265. •Valid as Callionymus alisae Fricke 2016 -- (Fricke 2016:51 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:21 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:182 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus alisae Fricke 2016. Callionymidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

altidorsalis, Callionymus Wang [Y.-H.] & Ye [W.] 1982:197 (English p. 200), Fig. 1 [Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 8398] Xincun, Hainan Island, China. Holotype: SNHM [Shanghai Nat. Hist. Mus.] 5440. Paratypes: SNHM 5439 (1), 5441-46 (6), uncat. (3). •Synonym of Callionymus enneactis Bleeker 1879 -- (Fricke 2002:19 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus enneactis Bleeker 1879. Callionymidae. Distribution: Haninan Island, China. Habitat: brackish, marine.

altipinnis, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 1981:373, Fig. 18 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 42 (no. 14); ref. 8481] Hong Kong fish market. Holotype: MSLH 0001. Paratypes: CAS 46967-69 (10, 1, 1). May use Callionymus or Bathycallionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Callionymus altipinnis Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:59 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:69 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2002:11 [ref. 26547], Fricke & Golani 2013:278 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:46 [ref. 34468]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus altipinnis Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Gulf of Tonkin (Vietnam) to Taiwan (South China Sea). Habitat: marine.

altivelis, Callionymus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1845:155, Pl. 79 (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Parts 7-9; ref. 4373] Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D1012 (dry). Paralectotypes: RMNH 2077 (1). Type information: Boeseman 1947:133 [ref. 12876]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:134 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Synchiropus altivelis (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:229 [ref. /7348], Fricke 1981:55 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:576 [ref. 8349], Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477], Fricke 1993:371 [ref. 22077], Lee & Kim 1993:8 [ref. 23164], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2000:66 [ref. 25197], Randall & Earle 2000:19 [ref. 25806], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:331 [ref. 25995], Fricke 2002:52 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus altivelis (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:343 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:607, 733 [ref. 8056], Nakabo 1987:340 [ref. 6375], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:542 [ref. 27969] as altivelus, Nakabo 2000:1127 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1127 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:390, 652 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:438 [ref. 28370], Kottelat 2013:385 [ref. 32989], Shinohara et al. 2014:271 [ref. 33330]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus altivelis (Temminck & Schlegel 1845). Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

altivelis, Synchiropus Regan [C. T.] 1908:249, Pl. 30 (fig. 2) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Seychelles, Indian Ocean, depth 44 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.3.23.264. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Callionymus altivelis Temminck & Schlegel 1845, replaced by Synchiropus normani Schultz & Woods 1948. May use Synchropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Synonym of Synchiropus sechellensis Regan 1908 -- (Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:663 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:65 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:11 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus sechellensis Regan 1908. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

amboina, Callionymus Suwardji [no initials] 1965:311, Pl. 47 (fig. 2) [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn 128; ref. 9073] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia, depth about 50 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P64109. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:71 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Callionymus amboina Suwardji 1965 -- (Fricke 1982:59 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:72 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2001:3554 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:11 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:841 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus amboina Suwardji 1965. Callionymidae. Distribution: Banda Sea: Ambon (Malucca, Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

amnica, Tonlesapia Ng [H. H.] & Rainboth [W. J.] 2011:63, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 3052; ref. 31577] Song Hau Giang (= Bassac River), 4 km downstream from Long Xuyen, 10°20'N, 105°29'E, An Giang Province, Vietnam. Holotype: UMMZ 246104. Paratypes: many at UMMZ. •Valid as Tonlesapia amnica Ng & Rainboth 2011 -- (Kottelat 2013:386 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Tonlesapia amnica Ng & Rainboth 2011. Callionymidae. Distribution: Mekong River delta, southern Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

annulatus, Callionymus Weber [M.] 1913:523, Fig. 110 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Madura Straits, Siboga station 2, depth 56 meters; south coast of Timor, Indonesia, Siboga station 296, depth 8-26 meters. Syntypes: ZMA 112574-75 (1, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:95 [ref. 19236]. May use Callionymus or Repomucenus; authors differ. •Synonym of Callionymus macdonaldi Ogilby 1911 -- (Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432]). •Valid as Callionymus annulatus Weber 1913 -- (Fricke 1983:77 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2001:3554 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:12 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Repomucenus annulatus (Weber 1913) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1588 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus annulatus Weber 1913. Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Java; Bali (Indonesia); Timor; Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

antipodus, Protogrammus Fricke [R.] 2006:8, Figs. 3-4 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 696; ref. 28872] Baie du Santal, west of Récif Shelter, off Pointe Lefèvre, west coast of island, Lifou Island, Province Îles, Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia, 20°54'11"S, 167°01'40"E to 20°54'14"S, 167°01'07"E, depth 200-220 meters. Holotype: SMNS 23698. Paratypes: MNHN 2006-1235 (1). •Valid as Protogrammus antipodus Fricke 2006 -- (Farias et al. 2016:5 [ref. 34167], Fricke & Ordines 2017:290 [ref. 35611]). Current status: Valid as Protogrammus antipodus Fricke 2006. Callionymidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

apricus, Callionymus McCulloch [A. R.] 1926:209, Pl. 54 (fig. 2) [Biological Results Endeavour v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2947] Great Australian Bight south of Eucla, South Australia, depth 350-450 fathoms. Holotype (unique): AMS E.3563. May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Synonym of Synchiropus phasis (Günther 1880) -- (Fricke 1981:27 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:572 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:63 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Foetorepus phasis (Günther 1880) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:779 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Bray 2006:1584 [ref. 29000]). •Valid as Foetorepus apricus (McCulloch 1926) -- (Gomon & Yearsley 2008:743 [ref. 30631], Williams et al. 2018:99 [ref. 36359]). •Valid as Synchiropus apricus (McCulloch 1926). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus apricus (McCulloch 1926). Callionymidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: southern Western Australia, South Australia. Habitat: marine.

astrinius, Calliurichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Jordan [E. K.] 1922:80, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 2487] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): FMNH 55207 [ex CM 3903]. Type catalog: Henn 1928 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:20 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Callionymus decoratus (Gilbert 1905) -- (Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:329 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:18 [ref. 26547], Fricke & Quang 2018:441 [ref. 35976]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus decoratus (Gilbert 1905). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

atlantica, Callionymus maculatus forma Ninni [E.] 1934:21, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Notas y Resúmenes, Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Serie II (Madrid) No. 85; ref. 13910] Northeastern Atlantic. No types known. •Synonym of Callionymus maculatus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Wheeler 1973:517 [ref. 7190], Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432], Davis & Fricke 1990:921 [ref. 19375], Fricke 2002:30 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus maculatus Rafinesque 1810. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

atrilabiatus, Callionymus Garman [S.] 1899:122 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Panama Bay, 3°-7°N, 79°-81°W, Albatross stations 3378 and 3387, depth 112-127 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28696 (now 0), 28697 (1); CAS-SU 25249 (1); USNM 153598 [ex MCZ 28696] (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432]. May use Synchropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus atrilabiatus (Garman 1899) -- (Fricke 1981:33 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:74 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:567 [ref. 8349], Castro-Aguirre 1991:82 [ref. 19554], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1993:86 [ref. 21807], Bussing & López S. 1994:142 [ref. 23101], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:545 [ref. 24023], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:126 [ref. 25206], Groce et al. 2001:149 [ref. 25753], Fricke 2002:52 [ref. 26547], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Beltrán-León et al. 2016:159 [ref. 36623], Robertson et al. 2017:97 [ref. 35676], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:S8 [ref. 36248]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus atrilabiatus (Garman 1899). Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Peru, including Cocos Island (Costa Rica) and Galapagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

australis, Callionymus (Calliurichthys) margaretae Fricke [R.] 1983:402, Figs. 118-119 [Theses Zoologicae v. 3; ref. 8349] Western Australia, northwest of Dampier Islands, 19°44'S, 116°02'E, depth 100 meters. Holotype: CSIRO B 2200. Paratypes: CSIRO B 2201-02 (1, 6), CA 2142 (1); WAM P.11841-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:38 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:42 [ref. 30117]. May use Callionymus or Callurichthys; authors differ. •Synonym of Callionymus margaretae Regan 1905, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977]). •Valid as Calliurichthys australis (Fricke 1983) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1580 [ref. 29000]). •Valid as Callionymus australis Fricke 1983 -- (Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:12 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2017:185 [ref. 35548] in subgenus Margaretichthys). Current status: Valid as Callionymus australis Fricke 1983. Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

australis, Foetorepus Nakabo [T.] & McKay [R. J.] 1989:563, Figs. 1-2 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 27 (no. 2); ref. 16169] Off Queensland, Australia, 23°59'S, 152°59'E, depth 380 meters. Holotype: QM I.21255. •Valid as Synchiropus australis (Nakabo & McKay 1989) -- (Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:53 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus australis Nakabo & McKay 1989 -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1583 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus australis (Nakabo & McKay 1989). Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

bacescui, Neosynchiropus Nalbant [T. T.] 1979:349, Figs. 1-5 [Travaux du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle "Grigore Antipa" v. 20 (no. 1); ref. 3142] Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. Holotype (unique): MGAB 363. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432]. MAy use Neosynchiropus or Synchiropus; authors differ.& •Valid as Neosynchiropus bacescui Nalbant 1979 -- (Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:555 [ref. 8349]). •Synonym of Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855) -- (Fricke 2002:58 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:8 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855). Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bairdi, Callionymus Jordan [D. S.] in Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888:78 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 1250] Snapper banks off Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. (stomach content). Holotype (unique): USNM 39300. Also described as new in Jordan 1888:501 [ref. 10475]. May use Paradiplogrammus or Callionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Paradiplogrammus bairdi (Jordan 1888) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:239 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:161 [ref. 23239], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:311 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:167 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:122 [ref. 26784], Hartel & Nakabo 2003:1776 [ref. 27110], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:58 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:651 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:74 [ref. 33341]). •Valid as Callionymus bairdi Jordan 1888 -- (Fricke 1982:59 [ref. 5432], Scott & Scott 1988:479 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:176 [ref. 14674], Cervigón 1994:138 [ref. 24488], Rocha & Rosa 2001:991 [ref. 25909], Fricke 2002:12 [ref. 26547], Wirtz et al. 2007:17, 38 [ref. 30263], Wittenrich & Ho 2013:17 [ref. 32435], Wirtz et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32972], Wirtz et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33516], Pinheiro et al. 2015:30 [ref. 34324], Fricke in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2815 [ref. 34618], Brown et al. 2019:171 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus bairdi Jordan 1888. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Atlantic coast of U.S.A. south to Brazil, including Bermuda and Bahamas (larvae straying to Newfoundland, Canada); southern central Atlantic: Ascension and Saint Helena islands; eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde Islands, São Tomé to Annobon Island. Habitat: marine.

bali, Callionymus Suwardji [no initials] 1965:320, Pl. 48 (figs. 3-4) [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn 128; ref. 9073] Bali Strait, 7°30'S, 114°38'E, station 17, Indonesia, depth about 150 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P6491. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:71 [ref. 9588], Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Callionymus macdonaldi Ogilby 1911 -- (Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432]). •Synonym of Callionymus annulatus Weber 1913 -- (Fricke 1983:77 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:12 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus annulatus Weber 1913. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

bartelsi, Synchiropus (Synchiropus) Fricke [R.] 1981:103, Fig. 32 [v. 1; ref. 1499] About 3/4 mile south of San Juan town, western side of Siquijor Island, Philippines, 9°08'30"N, 123°29'22"E, depth 0-6 meters. Holotype: USNM 225711. Paratypes: USNM 225712-13 (2, 1), 227213-14 (2, 2). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Synchiropus bartelsi Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:583 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:53 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:850 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:154 [ref. 33932], Fricke 2016:50 [ref. 34468] Fricke 2016:8 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus bartelsi Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines and Papua New Guinea (New Britain). Habitat: marine.

belcheri, Callionymus Richardson [J.] 1844:62, Pl. 37 (figs. 1-2) [Ichthyology.--Part 1. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur; ref. 3739] Pacific [probably China]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.311. May use Callionymus or Repomucenus; authors differ. •Valid as Repomucenus belcheri (Richardson 1844) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1589 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:184 [ref. 32988]). •Valid as Callionymus belcheri Richardson 1844 -- (Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:307, 316 [ref. 8349] with subspecies, Fricke 1999:490 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:747 [ref. 25471], Fricke 2001:3556 [ref. 26292], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:13 [ref. 26547] with subspecies, Fricke 2016:62 [ref. 34390], Fricke 2016:51 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:21 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:182 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus belcheri Richardson 1844. Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: northwestern Australia east to Queensland (Australia) and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

belenus, Callionymus Risso [A.] 1827:263 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Fricke et al. 1984:108 [ref. 21539]. •Synonym of Callionymus risso Lesueur 1814 -- (Wheeler 1973:518 [ref. 7190], Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432] as rissoi, Fricke in Whitehead et al. 1986:1091 [ref. 13677], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:128 [ref. 26753], Fricke 2002:38 [ref. 26547], Parin 2003:S24 [ref. 28536], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:61 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2015:473 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus risso Lesueur 1814. Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

beniteguri, Callionymus Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1900:370, Pl. 17 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 23 (no. 1213); ref. 2502] Tokyo Bay, Japan. Holotype: USNM 49402. Paratypes: CAS-SU 6278 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:103 [ref. 12291], Fricke 1982:59 [ref. 5432] but stated specimens in SU 6278 were not paratypes. •Valid as Repomucenus beniteguri (Jordan & Snyder 1900) -- (Nakabo & Jeon 1986:195 [ref. 22520], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:345 [ref. 6441], Lee & Kim 1993:26 [ref. 23164], Nakabo 2000:1138 [ref. 25182], Shimizu 2001:38 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:1138 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:390, 652 [ref. 26218]). •Valid as Callionymus beniteguri Jordan & Snyder 1900 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:223 [ref. 7348], Fricke 1982:59 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:81 [ref. 8349], Fricke & Zaiser Brownell 1993:9 [ref. 20659], Cheng & Zhou 1997:341 [ref. 26385] dated 1902, Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Wang et al. 2001:251 [ref. 26566] dated 1902, Fricke 2002:13 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus beniteguri Jordan & Snyder 1900. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Hong Kong (People's Republic of China) and Taiwan north to Korea and Hokkaido (Japan). Habitat: marine.

bennetti, Dactylopus Gill [T. N.] 1859:130 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 11; ref. 1761] Unneeded new name for Callionymus dactylopus (Valenciennes 1837). •Synonym of Callionymus dactylopus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Fricke 1982:71 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:483 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:46 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Dactylopus dactylopus (Valenciennes 1837). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

bentuviai, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 1981:366, Fig. 12 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 42 (no. 14); ref. 8481] Eritrea, southern Red Sea. Holotype: HUJ 9935. Paratypes: HUJ 8068 (2), ZMH 5532 (2). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:419 [ref. 21161], Golani 2006:33 [ref. 28840]. Fricke 2002:14 [ref. 26547] considered the southern Red Sea material [ZMH 5532] of Diplogrammus africanus Kotthaus 1977 as belonging to Callionymus bentuviai Fricke 1981. •Valid as Callionymus bentuviai Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:59 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:87 [ref. 8349], Dor 1984:235 [ref. 29757], Baranes & Golani 1993:309 [ref. 22372], Goren & Dor 1994:61 [ref. 25356], Fricke 2002:14 [ref. 26547], Fricke & Golani 2013:278 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:4, 10, 13 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:48 [ref. 34468], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:144 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus bentuviai Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Southern Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

bermudarum, Callionymus Barbour [T.] 1905:129 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 46 (no. 7); ref. 15336] Castle Island and Ireland Island, Bermuda, depth 6-8 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 29055 (3). •Synonym of Chalinops pauciradiatus (Gill 1865) -- (Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:45 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Diplogrammus pauciradiatus (Gill 1865) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:311 [ref. 25013]). Current status: Synonym of Chalinops pauciradiatus (Gill 1865). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

bicornis, Callionymus Norman [J. R.] 1939:74, Fig. 26 [Scientific Reports, John Murray Expedition v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 6556] Zanzibar area, Tanzania, 5°34'24"S, 39°14'06"E to 5°37"S, 39°14'36'E, depth 238-293 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1939.5.24.1426. Non-types: BMNH 1939.5.24.1427-1430 (4). Description based upon the holotype only. May use Synchropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Synonym of Synchiropus monacanthus Smith 1935 -- (Fricke 1981:61 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:627 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:59 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus monacanthus Smith 1935. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

bifilum, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 2000:52, Fig. 26 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 617; ref. 25197] Joseph Bonaparte Gulf, Timor Sea, Western Australia, 13°18'S, 128°21'E, depth 84-87 meters. Holotype (unique): CSIRO CA 3532. May use Callionymus or Bathycallionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Bathycallionymus bifilum (Fricke 2000) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1579 [ref. 29000]). •Valid as Callionymus bifilum Fricke 2000 -- (Fricke 2002:14 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:7 [ref. 28872], Fricke & Golani 2013:278 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:46 [ref. 34468]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus bifilum Fricke 2000. Callionymidae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

bleekeri, Callionymus (Callionymus) Fricke [R.] 1983:91, Fig. 23 [Theses Zoologicae v. 3; ref. 8349] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4872. •Valid as Callionymus bleekeri Fricke 1983 -- (Fricke 2001:3554 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:14 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Fricke & Golani 2013:278 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:47 [ref. 34468]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus bleekeri Fricke 1983. Callionymidae. Distribution: Indonesia (Java). Habitat: marine.

boekei, Callionymus Metzelaar [J.] 1919:149, Fig. 46 [Report on the fishes; ref. 2982] Wacayo (playa grande), Curaçao. Holotype (unique): ZMA 112907. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:96 [ref. 19236]. May use Paradiplogrammus or Callionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Paradiplogrammus boekei (Metzelaar 1919) -- (Nakabo 1991:252 [ref. 20069]). •Synonym of Paradiplogrammus bairdi (Jordan 1888) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:311 [ref. 25013]). •Synonym of Callionymus bairdi Jordan 1888 -- (Fricke 1982:59 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:12 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus bairdi Jordan 1888. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

boleogenys, Callionymus Fowler [H. W.] 1941:6, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 90 (no. 3106); ref. 1439] Pandanan Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 99408. Paratypes: USNM 99409 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432]. May use Pseudocalliurichthys or Callionymus; authors differ. •Synonym of Callionymus simplicicornis Valenciennes 1837 -- (Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:437 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:41 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus simplicicornis Valenciennes 1837. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

boucheti, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 2017:187, Fig. 1 [FishTaxa v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 35548] Papua New Guinea, New Ireland Province, northwest of New Hanover, 02°25.47'S, 149°57.71'E - 02°25.81'S, 149°57.09'E, depth 83-88 meters. Holotype: NTUM 11332. Paratypes: MNHN, NTUM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Callionymus boucheti Fricke 2017. Current status: Valid as Callionymus boucheti Fricke 2017. Callionymidae. Distribution: Northern New Ireland between northwest of New Hanover and off Kavieng. Habitat: marine.

brevianalis, Callionymus (Calliurichthys) Fricke [R.] 1983:323, Fig. 98 [Theses Zoologicae v. 3; ref. 8349] Batanta Islet, Marchesa Bay, Hawaii Island, West Irian Jaya, New Guinea, 0°49'48"S, 130°56'48"E, depth 0-6 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 243038. May use Pseudocalliurichthys or Callionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Pseudocalliurichthys brevianalis (Fricke 1983) -- (Nakabo et al. 1998:454 [ref. 23313], Hoese & Bray 2006:1587 [ref. 29000]). •Valid as Callionymus brevianalis Fricke 1983 -- (Fricke 1990:9 [ref. 15493], Fricke 1993:364 [ref. 22077], Fricke 2000:10 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3554 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:15 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Fricke 2006:13 [ref. 28872], Allen & Erdmann 2012:844 [ref. 31980], Fricke 2014:4 [ref. 33556], Fricke et al. 2014:154 [ref. 33932], Fricke 2016:62 [ref. 34390], Fricke 2016:51 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:21 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:182 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus brevianalis Fricke 1983. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Guinea east to Vanuatu, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

brunneus, Callionymus Fowler [H. W.] 1941:11, Fig. 7 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 90 (no. 3106); ref. 1439] Balayan Bay, Taal, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 99419. Paratypes: USNM 99420-21 (7, 2). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Callionymus filamentosus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:348 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2001:3557 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:21 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus filamentosus Valenciennes 1837. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

caeruleomaculatus, Callionymus Jatzow [R.] & Lenz [H.] 1898:510, Pl. 35 (fig. 6) [Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft v. 21; ref. 14685] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SMF 597. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432]. May use Synchropus or Neosynchiropus; authors differ. •Synonym of Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855) -- (Fricke 1981:73 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:620 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:58 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:8 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

caeruleonotatus, Callionymus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:648, Pl. 89 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Off east coast of Maui Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4066, depth 49-176 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51603. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8629 (4); USNM 51668 (3), 160483 (1), 231820 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:103 [ref. 12291], Fricke 1982:59 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus caeruleonotatus Gilbert 1905 -- (Fricke 1982:59 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:95 [ref. 8349], Randall 1999:188 [ref. 24082], Fricke 2002:15 [ref. 26547], Mundy 2005:467 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:385 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus caeruleonotatus Gilbert 1905. Callionymidae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

calauropomus, Callionymus Richardson [J.] 1844:10, Pl. 7 (figs. 4-5) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Western Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.183. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Synchiropus calauropomus (Richardson 1844) -- (Fricke 1981:68 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:587 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2001:3570 [ref. 26292], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:53 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus calauropomus (Richardson 1844) -- (Paulin et al. 1989:223 [ref. 24556], Kuiter 1993:342 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:777 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:340 [ref. 25488], Hoese & Bray 2006:1583 [ref. 29000], Gomon & Yearsley 2008:744 [ref. 30631], Struthers 2015:1558 [ref. 34302] as cf. calauropomus). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus calauropomus (Richardson 1844). Callionymidae. Distribution: Australia (southern Queensland to Tasmania and to Western Australia); New Zealand region (Kermadec Islands). Habitat: marine.

calcaratus, Callionymus Macleay [W.] 1881:628 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2869] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16399 [ex MAMU F1016] (6, now 4). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. •Valid as Callionymus calcaratus Macleay 1881 -- (Fricke 1982:59 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:99 [ref. 8349], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Johnson 1999:747 [ref. 25471], Fricke 2002:15 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Repomucenus calcaratus (Macleay 1881) -- (Kuiter 1993:343 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:780 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1589 [ref. 29000], Gomon & Yearsley 2008:746 [ref. 30631]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus calcaratus Macleay 1881. Callionymidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean off Australia. Habitat: marine.

calliste, Callionymus Jordan [D. S.] & Fowler [H. W.] 1903:954, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 25 (no. 1305); ref. 2462] Misaki, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 7188. Paratypes and additional material: CAS-SU 7742 (1), 7945 (1); USNM (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:103 [ref. 12291], Fricke 1982:60 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus calliste Jordan & Fowler 1903 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:214 [ref. 7348]). •Synonym of Callionymus enneactis Bleeker 1879 -- (Fricke 1982:60 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:123 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:19 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Callionymus enneactis Bleeker 1879, but a valid subspecies -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:344 [ref. 6441]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus enneactis Bleeker 1879. Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

calliurus, Callionymus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1888:76 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 1250] Off South Beach, Key West, Florida, U.S.A., depth 5 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 26265. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Chalinops pauciradiatus (Gill 1865) -- (Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:45 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Diplogrammus pauciradiatus (Gill 1865). Current status: Synonym of Chalinops pauciradiatus (Gill 1865). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

carebares, Callionymus Alcock [A. W.] 1890:209, Pl. 8 (fig. 8) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 6 (no. 33) (art. 26); ref. 82] Off Madras coast, India, Investigator station 96, 18°30'N, 84°46'E, depth 98-102 fathoms. Syntypes: (about 70) BMNH 1890.11.28.18-24 [ex ZSI F12743] (7); MNHN 1890-0335 to 0340 [ex ZSI] (1 ea.); ZSI F12740-41 (2), 12742 and 12858 (15). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:151 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:42 [ref. 22148], Fricke 1982:60 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:105 [ref. 21539]. Figured in Alcock 1898: Pl. 20 (fig. 4) [ref. 20534]. •Valid as Callionymus carebares Alcock 1890 -- (Fricke 1982:60 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:105 [ref. 8349], Randall 1995:350 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:211 [ref. 23922], Fricke 2002:15 [ref. 26547], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Fricke & Golani 2013:278 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:11, 12 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:46 [ref. 34468]). •Valid as Bathycallionymus carebares (Alcock 1890) -- (Prokofiev 2017:656? [ref. 35721]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus carebares Alcock 1890. Callionymidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: East Africa, Gulf of Aden and Persian Gulf east to Andaman Sea (western Thailand). Habitat: marine.

celetus, Charibarbitus Smith [J. L. B.] 1963:562, Fig. 8 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 28; ref. 4129] Inhaca Island, Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 158. •Valid as Draculo celetus (Smith 1963) -- (Christensen 1977:145 [ref. 20987], Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:531 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1986:772 [ref. 5653], Fricke 2002:49 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33442]). Current status: Valid as Draculo celetus (Smith 1963). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

circularis, Synchiropus (Synchiropus) Fricke [R.] 1984:68, Fig. 1 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 85; ref. 8161] Beach Cave Cove, northwest of Tinian Town, Tinian, Marianas Islands, 14°59.7'N, 145°36.2'E. Holotype: USNM 267390 [ex Univ. Guam 5130]. Paratypes: USNM 267391 (1). Other material: BPBM 29653 (1); UGM 5130 (1), 5764 (1). May use Synchropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus circularis Fricke 1984 -- (Randall et al. 1997:524 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Fricke 2000:27 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:54 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872], Allen & Erdmann 2012:850 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:154 [ref. 33932], Fricke 2016:50 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:8 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus circularis Fricke 1984. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia, Indonesia, New Guinea, Philippines, Mariana Islands and Chesterfield Islands. Habitat: marine.

cithara, Callionymus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:280 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Syntypes: MNHN A-1550 to 1555 (1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1), 4519 (7); NMW 76489 [or 76498] (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:105 [ref. 21539]. Appeared first as name only in Cuvier 1829:248 [ref. 995]. •Synonym of Callionymus maculatus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Wheeler 1973:516 [ref. 7190], Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432], Davis & Fricke 1990:921 [ref. 19375], Fricke 2002:30 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus maculatus Rafinesque 1810. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

claudiae, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 1990:2, Figs. 1-2 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 446; ref. 15493] Madang Barrier Reef, Papua New Guinea, 5°15'S, 145°50'E, depth 5 meters. Holotype: SMNS 9048. Paratypes: BPBM 16113 (1); SMNS 8466 (1), 8479 (1), 9049 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:7 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:22 [ref. 29864]. Fricke 2002:66 [ref. 26547] questionably identifies one paratype (BPBM 16113) of this species as Synchiropus springeri Fricke 1983. May use Synchiropus or Minysynchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Minysynchiropus claudiae (Fricke 1990) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1584 [ref. 29000], Allen & Erdmann 2012:850 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33932]). •Valid as Synchiropus claudiae Fricke 1990 -- (Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:54 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:50 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:20 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus claudiae Fricke 1990. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Australia, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

colini, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 1993:2, Fig. 1 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 491; ref. 20750] Horseshoe (barrier) reef, 9°30'S, 147°10'E, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, 9°30'S, 147°10'E, depth 80 feet. Holotype: SMNS 12260. Paratypes: BPBM 34754 (2); SMNS 12261 (1), 12263 (2) Type catalog: Fricke 1995:6 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:20 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Callionymus colini Fricke 1993 -- (Fricke 2001:3554 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:16 [ref. 26547], Allen & Erdmann 2012:844 [ref. 31980], Fricke 2016:62 [ref. 34390], Fricke 2016:51 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:21 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:182 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus colini Fricke 1993. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

comptus, Callionymus Randall [J. E.] 1999:190, Pl. I A-B [Pacific Science v. 53 (no. 2); ref. 24082] Sand patch in reef, Kahe Point, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 3 meters. Holotype: BPBM 37290. Paratypes: BPBM 37243 (1), 37612 (1), 37846 (2), 37849 (1); NSMT-P 54410 (1); SMNS 19357 (1); USNM 347771 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:20 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Callionymus comptus Randall 1999 -- (Fricke 2002:16 [ref. 26547] dated 1998, Mundy 2005:467 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:386 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus comptus Randall 1999. Callionymidae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

cookii, Callionymus Günther [A.] 1872:665 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] Rarotonga Island, Cook Islands. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1871.9.13.230. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:71 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Diplogrammus goramensis (Bleeker 1858) -- (Fricke 1982:71 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:494 [ref. 8349], Nakabo et al. 1992:105 [ref. 20434], Randall et al. 2002:160 [ref. 26192], Fricke 2002:47 [ref. 26547], Randall 2005:508 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2014:3 [ref. 33363]). Current status: Synonym of Diplogrammus goramensis (Bleeker 1858). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

cooperi, Callionymus Regan [C. T.] 1908:247 [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Suvadiva and Haddumati Atolls, Maldives, Indian Ocean, depth 40-44 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1901.12.31.73-74 (2). •Valid as Callionymus cooperi Regan 1908 -- (Fricke 1982:60 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:108 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:16 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33442]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus cooperi Regan 1908. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Maldives. Habitat: marine.

corallinus, Callionymus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:649, Fig. 251 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Avau Channel, between Maui Island and Lanai Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3876 [or 3873], depth 32-37 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 51581. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Callionymus decoratus (Gilbert 1905) -- (Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432]). •Valid as Paradiplogrammus corallinus (Gilbert 1905) -- (Nakabo 2000:1132 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1132 [ref. 26193], Hoese & Bray 2006:1586 [ref. 29000]). •Valid as Callionymus corallinus Gilbert 1905 -- (Fricke 1983:742 [ref. 8349], Nakabo 1991 [ref. 20069], Fricke & Zaiser Brownell 1993:7 [ref. 20659], Fricke 1993:364 [ref. 22077], Randall 1999:196 [ref. 24082], Fricke 2000:10 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2002:16 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:13 [ref. 28872]). •Valid as Synchiropus corallinus (Gilbert 1905) -- (Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Mundy 2005:468 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:387 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus corallinus (Gilbert 1905). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific, antiequatorial: southern Japan, Hawaiian Islands; Queensland (Australia) to Grande Terre (New Caledonia) and Ha'apai Group (Tonga). Habitat: marine.

costatus, Callionymus Boulenger [G. A.] 1898:4 [9] [Marine Investigations in South Africa No. 2; ref. 14679] 11 miles off Cape St. Blaize, South Africa, depth 40 fathoms. Syntypes and non-types: (originally 2 syntypes) BMNH 1898.9.10.5-6 (2); SAM 17404 (1), 17406 (6, not found in 1996). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:74 [ref. 5432]. On p. 9 of v. 1 in 1902. •Valid as Paracallionymus costatus (Boulenger 1898) -- (Fricke 1982:74 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:558 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1986:773 [ref. 5653], Davis & Fricke 1990:922 [ref. 19375], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:167 [ref. 25472], Fricke 2002:51 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33442], Fricke in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2821 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Paracallionymus costatus (Boulenger 1898). Callionymidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

csiro, Callionymus (Spinicapitichthys) Fricke [R.] 1983:457, Fig. 135 [Theses Zoologicae v. 3; ref. 8349] Carnarvon, Western Australia, 24°04'S, 112°52'E, depth 138 meters. Holotype (unique): WAM P.11212-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:38 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:42 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Callionymus draconis Nakabo 1977 -- (Fricke 2002:19 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Spinicapitichthys draconis (Nakabo 1977) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1592 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus draconis Nakabo 1977. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

curvicornis, Callionymus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:298 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Réunion [China?]. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-5469 (1). Type catalog and locality question: Fricke 1982:60 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:105 [ref. 21539]. •Valid as Repomucenus curvicornis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Lee & Kim 1993:13 [ref. 23164], Nakabo 2000:1137 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1137 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:390, 652 [ref. 26218], Iwatsubo & Motomura 2010:70 [ref. 31555], Matsunuma et al. 2010:83 [ref. 31558] as cf. curvicornis, Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:248 [ref. 36460]). •Valid as Callionymus curvicornis Valenciennes 1837 -- (Fricke 1982:60 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:105 [ref. 8349], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:420 [ref. 23876], Fricke 1999:490 [ref. 24106] with remark on locality, Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:235 [ref. 25480], Fricke 2002:17 [ref. 26547], Motomura et al. 2010:201 [ref. 31256]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus curvicornis Valenciennes 1837. Callionymidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: northern Vietnam and southern China to Korea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

curvispinis, Callionymus Fricke [R.] & Zaiser Brownell [M.] 1993:2, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 40 (no. 1); ref. 20659] Igaya Bay, Miyake-jima, Izu Islands, Japan. Holotype: NSMT-P 35106 [ex TMBS 840824-1]. Paratypes: NSMT-P 35107 [ex TMBS 840816-1] (1), 35108 [ex TMBS 840817-1] (1), 35109 [ex TMBS 840817-2] (1), 35110 [ex TMBS 840818-5/8] (2), 35111 [ex TMBS 840819-2] (1); SMNS 12078-79 (1, 2). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:6 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:20 [ref. 29864]. May use Paradiplogrammus or Callionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Paradiplogrammus curvispinis (Fricke & Zaiser Brownell 1993) -- (Nakabo 2000:1132 [ref. 25182] as curvispinnis, Nakabo 2002:1132 [ref. 26193] as curvispinnis). •Valid as Callionymus curvispinis Fricke & Zaiser Brownell 1993 -- (Fricke 2002:17 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus curvispinis Fricke & Zaiser Brownell 1993. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan (Izu Islands). Habitat: marine.

dactylopus, Callionymus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Bennett) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:310 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] No locality. No types known. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:71 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:108 [ref. 21539]. •Valid as Dactylopus dactylopus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Fricke 1982:71 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:483 [ref. 8349], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:344 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:541 [ref. 27969], Larson & Williams 1997:367 [ref. 23967], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:342 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:747 [ref. 25471], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1128 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:236 [ref. 25480], Fricke 2001:3568 [ref. 26292] with author as Bennett, Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1128 [ref. 26193], Fricke 2002:46 [ref. 26547] with author as Bennett, Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830] with author as Bennet, Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:172 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Hoese & Bray 2006:1581 [ref. 29000], Shibukawa 2009:255 [ref. 30449], Iwatsubo & Motomura 2010:68 [ref. 31555], Ng & Rainboth 2011:67 [ref. 31577], Ng 2012:35 [ref. 31795] with author as Bennett, Allen & Erdmann 2012:848 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:185 [ref. 34464], Motomura et al. 2017:195 [ref. 35490], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:248 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Dactylopus dactylopus (Valenciennes 1837). Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: eastern Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Philippines, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

dagmarae, Synchiropus (Synchiropus) agassizi Fricke [R.] 1985:241, fig'd [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 85; ref. 8972] Off Venezuela, 9°45'N, 59°45'W. Holotype: USNM 188521. Paratypes: USNM 266454 (10); plus other material. May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus dagmarae Fricke 1985 -- (Fricke 2002:54 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus dagmarae (Fricke 1985) -- (Nakabo & Hartel 1999:114 [ref. 23704], Hartel & Nakabo 2003:1776 [ref. 27110], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27192], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2005:192 [ref. 28938]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus dagmarae Fricke 1985. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

decoratus, Calliurichthys Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:651, Pl. 90 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Penguin Bank, off southern coast of Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4032, depth 27 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51609. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8632 (4), USNM 51681 (10). Additional material: CAS-SU 8533 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:104 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Callionymus decoratus (Gilbert 1905) -- (Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:328 [ref. 8349], Nakabo 1991:253 [ref. 20069], Randall 1999:193 [ref. 24082], Fricke 2002:18 [ref. 26547], Mundy 2005:467 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:386 [ref. 30952], Fricke & Quang 2018:441 [ref. 35976]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus decoratus (Gilbert 1905). Callionymidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Hawaiian Ridge and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

delandi, Synchiropus Fowler [H. W.] 1943:81, Fig. 20 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 14 (pt 2); ref. 1441] Mabul Island, Sibuko Bay, Borneo, Indonesia, 4°12'10"N, 118°38'08"E, Albatross station 5589, depth 260 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 99524. Paratypes: USNM 99525-27 (1, 1, 1). May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus delandi Fowler 1943 -- (Fricke 1981:61 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:592 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:54 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus delandi (Fowler 1943) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1583 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus delandi Fowler 1943. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

delicatulus, Callionymus Smith [J. L. B.] 1963:557, Fig. 6 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 28; ref. 4129] Connan reef, Mahé, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 143. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 4131 (4). May use Pseudocalliurichthys or Callionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Pseudocalliurichthys delicatulus (Smith 1963) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1587 [ref. 29000]). •Valid as Callionymus delicatulus Smith 1963 -- (Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:335 [ref. 8349], Dor 1984:235 [ref. 29757], Winterbottom et al. 1989:62 [ref. 13251], Goren & Dor 1994:61 [ref. 25356], Myers 1999:231 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:118 [ref. 25868], Fricke 2001:3554 [ref. 26292], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:18 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:841 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33442], Fricke et al. 2018:315 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:144 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus delicatulus Smith 1963. Callionymidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles, Madagascar and Comoros to Maldives and Chagos Archipelago; Palau; Western Australia; Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

distethommatus, Callionymus Fowler [H. W.] 1941:18, Fig. 11 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 90 (no. 3106); ref. 1439] Cebu market, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 99426. Paratypes: CAS-SU 40196 [ex USNM 99431] (1); USNM 99427-30 (2, 3, 1, 2), 99431 (now 0), 99432 (2); FMNH 48002 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:103 [ref. 12291], Fricke 1982:60 [ref. 5432], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:19 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Callionymus enneactis Bleeker 1879 -- (Fricke 1982:60 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:123 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:19 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus enneactis Bleeker 1879. Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dorotheae, Dermosteira Schultz [L. P.] 1943:267, Fig. 26 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 180; ref. 3957] Reef at Rose Island, American Samoa. Holotype (unique): USNM 115735. •Synonym of Diplogrammus goramensis (Bleeker 1858) -- (Fricke 1982:71 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:494 [ref. 8349], Nakabo et al. 1992:105 [ref. 20434], Fricke 2002:47 [ref. 26547], Randall 2005:508 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2014:3 [ref. 33363]). Current status: Synonym of Diplogrammus goramensis (Bleeker 1858). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

doryssus, Calliurichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Fowler [H. W.] 1903:945, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 25 (no. 1305); ref. 2462] Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 7186. Paratypes and additional material: AMS I.6963; BMNH 1905.2.4.440-442 [from Jordan] (3); CAS-SU 7745 (21), 7941 (3), 79593 (3); USNM (?1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:104 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Repomucenus huguenini (Bleeker 1858) -- (Lee & Kim 1993:11 [ref. 23164]). •Valid as Callionymus doryssus (Jordan & Fowler 1903) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:212 [ref. 7348], Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:338 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3554 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:18 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus doryssus (Jordan & Fowler 1903). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

draconis, Callionymus Nakabo [T.] 1977:98, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 24 (no. 2); ref. 7270] Off Kochi Prefecture, Japan, depth about 150 meters. Holotype (unique): FAKU 48882. •Valid as Spinicapitichthys draconis (Nakabo 1977) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:345 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1131 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:331 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1131 [ref. 26193], Hoese & Bray 2006:1592 [ref. 29000], Motomura et al. 2015:29 [ref. 34709]). •Valid as Callionymus draconis Nakabo 1977 -- (Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:461 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:19 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:63 [ref. 34390]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus draconis Nakabo 1977. Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

dracunculus, Callionymus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:249 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Genoa, Rome, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.13 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:233 [ref. 13434]. Name suppressed for the purpose of the priority but not homonymy; name placed on Official Index (Opinion 1658). •Synonym of Callionymus lyra Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1973:516 [ref. 7190], Fricke in Whitehead et al. 1986:1088 [ref. 13677]). •Fricke 1982 [ref. 5432] and Fricke 2002 [ref. 26547] treat this species as part Callionymus lyra and part as Callionymus pusillus. Current status: Synonym of Callionymus lyra Linnaeus 1758. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

dubiosus, Callionymus Parr [A. E.] 1930:130, Fig. 36 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 4); ref. 3370] Cat Island, Bahamas. Holotype (unique): YPM 2531. •Synonym of Chalinops pauciradiatus (Gill 1865) -- (Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:45 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Diplogrammus pauciradiatus (Gill 1865) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:311 [ref. 25013]). Current status: Synonym of Chalinops pauciradiatus (Gill 1865). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

elegans, Callionymus Bianconi [G. G.] 1858:52 [Rendiconto delle Sessioni dell'Accademia delle Scienze dell'Instituto dei Bologna 1856-1857 (for 8 Apr. 1858); ref. 33220] Mozambique. No types known. Not available; primary homonym of Callionymus elegans Lesueur 1814. Subsequently redescribed as Callionymus perelegans Bianconi 1858. •Synonymy of Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855) -- (Fricke 1981:73 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:620 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:58 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:8 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

elegans, Callionymus Lesueur [C. A.] 1814:6, Figs. 17-17a [Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris [Sér. 3][v. 1] (for Dec. 1812); ref. 17508] Le Hâvre, France. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:108 [ref. 21539]. •Synonym of Callionymus risso Lesueur 1814 -- (Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432] as rissoi). •Synonym of Callionymus lyra Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1973:516 [ref. 7190], Davis & Fricke 1990:921 [ref. 19375], Fricke 2002:29 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus lyra Linnaeus 1758. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

enneactis, Callionymus Bleeker [P.] 1879:95 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 14; ref. 458] Singapore. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4814. Bleeker's unpublished illustration reproduced in Boeseman 1983:v. 11, Pl. 424, fig. 1 [ref. 12564]. •Valid as Paradiplogrammus enneactis (Bleeker 1879) -- (Nakabo 2000:1133 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1133 [ref. 26193], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:173 [ref. 27510], Hoese & Bray 2006:1586 [ref. 29000], Shibukawa 2009:255 [ref. 30449], Motomura et al. 2010:201 [ref. 31256]). •Valid as Callionymus enneactis Bleeker 1879 -- (Fricke 1982:60 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:122 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1993:364 [ref. 22077], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:295 [ref. 24014], Randall et al. 1997:524 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2000:12 [ref. 25197], Allen 2000:118 [ref. 25868], Fricke 2001:3554 [ref. 26292], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:19 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:507 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:467 [ref. 28379], Fricke 2006:13 [ref. 28872], Ng & Rainboth 2011:67 [ref. 31577], Ng 2012:27 [ref. 31795], Allen & Erdmann 2012:845 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:154 [ref. 33932], Fricke 2016:63 [ref. 34390], Fricke 2016:52 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:22 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:182 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus enneactis Bleeker 1879. Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Singapore east to Guam and Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

erythraeus, Callionymus Ninni [E.] 1934:55, Pl. 13 [Notas y Resúmenes, Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Serie II (Madrid) No. 85; ref. 13910] Isratu Island, Dahlak Archipelago, Eritrea, Red Sea. No types known. •Valid as Callionymus erythraeus Ninni 1934 -- (Fricke 1982:61 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:123 [ref. 8349], Dor 1984:235 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:61 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:351 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:210 [ref. 23922], Fricke 2002:20 [ref. 26547], Ng 2012:29 [ref. 31795]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus erythraeus Ninni 1934. Callionymidae. Distribution: Southern Red Sea, northern Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman east to Singapore. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Callionymus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:285, 286 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1529. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:61 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:105 [ref. 21539]. Also appeared in ref. 26488, p. 156, Pl. 50 (fig. 2). •Synonym of Callionymus maculatus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Wheeler 1973:517 [ref. 7190]). •Valid as Callionymus fasciatus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Fricke 1982:61 [ref. 5432], Fricke in Whitehead et al. 1986:1087 [ref. 13677], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:127 [ref. 26753], Fricke 2002:20 [ref. 26547], Parin 2003:S24 [ref. 28536], Fricke et al. 2007:101 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:138 [ref. 30517], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:61 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2015:472 [ref. 33547], Fricke & Ordines 2017:164, 169 [ref. 35468], Artüz & Fricke 2019:559 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus fasciatus Valenciennes 1837. Callionymidae. Distribution: Northern Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

festivus, Callionymus Pallas [P. S.] 1814:146 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Off Eupatoria, Black Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Callionymus pusillus Delaroche 1809 -- (Wheeler 1973:517 [ref. 7190], Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432], Fricke in Whitehead et al. 1986:1090 [ref. 13677], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:128 [ref. 26753], Fricke 2002:37 [ref. 26547] dated 1811, Parin 2003:S24 [ref. 28536], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:61 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2015:473 [ref. 33547] ). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus pusillus Delaroche 1809. Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

festivus, Callionymus Bonaparte [C. L.] 1833:fasc. 3, punt. 16, Pls. 104 (fig. 1), 105 (fig. 1) [Iconografia della fauna italica; ref. 516] Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: ANSP 10945-56 (12) An original description (see Böhlke 1984:32 [ref. 13621]) and therefore objectively invalid; preoccupied by Callionymus festivus Pallas 1814 (a description known to Bonaparte but which placed questionably under Callionymus dracunculus Linnaeus); Callionymus phaeton Günther 1864 is based on Bonaparte's account, and the specimens cited by Böhlke might be types of festivus Bonaparte and of phaeton. •Synonym of Callionymus phaeton Günther 1861 -- (Wheeler 1973:517 [ref. 7190]). •Synonym of Synchiropus phaeton (Günther 1861). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus phaeton (Günther 1861). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

filamentosus, Callionymus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:303, Pl. 359 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-1556 (2). Type catalog: Fricke et al. 1984:106 [ref. 21539]. Name placed on Official List (Opinion 1388). May use Callionymus or Repomucenus; authors differ. •Valid as Repomucenus filamentosus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1589 [ref. 29000], Yoshida et al. 2013:186 [ref. 34464]). •Valid as Callionymus filamentosus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Wheeler 1973:516 [ref. 7190], Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:346 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1984:235 [ref. 8161], Fricke in Whitehead et al. 1986:1088 [ref. 13677], Fricke 1986:771 [ref. 5653], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:296 [ref. 24014], Goren & Dor 1994:62 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:351 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:212 [ref. 23922], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3557 [ref. 26292], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:127 [ref. 26753], Fricke 2002:20 [ref. 26547], Randall et al. 2002:159 [ref. 26192], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:43 [ref. 27712], Randall 2005:507 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2007:101 [ref. 29533], Khalaf & Zajonz 2007:428 [ref. 31739], Zenetos et al. 2010:411 [ref. 31201], Ng & Rainboth 2011:67 [ref. 31577], Ng 2012:36 [ref. 31795], Golani & Bernardi 2012:159 [ref. 31868], Allen & Erdmann 2012:845 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33442], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:429 [ref. 33460], Fricke 2016:51 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:21 [ref. 34659], Fricke & Ordines 2017:164, 169 [ref. 35468], Fricke 2017:182 [ref. 35548], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[21] 259 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:316 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:144 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus filamentosus Valenciennes 1837. Callionymidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles and Persian Gulf east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern Taiwan, south to Western Australia and Vanuatu; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

fimbriatus, Callionymus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1934:94 [Notes on fishes in the Zoological Museum of Stanford University. 1. The fishes of the Herre Philippine expedition of 1931.; ref. 2108] Sitankai Reef, Sulu Province, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 25516. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:103 [ref. 12291], Fricke 1982:58 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Anaora tentaculata Gray 1835 -- (Fricke 1982:58 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:49 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:9 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Anaora tentaculata Gray 1835. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

flagris, Callionymus Jordan [D. S.] & Fowler [H. W.] 1903:952, Fig. 7 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 25 (no. 1305); ref. 2462] Iokogama, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 7187. Paratypes and additional material: AMS I.6960; BMNH 1905.2.4.437-439 [from Jordan] (4); CAS 79598 [ex IU 10687] (3); CAS-SU 4624 (22), 7141 (1), 7747 (63); USNM 51384-85 (13, 8). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:103 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Callionymus flagris Jordan & Fowler 1903 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:217 [ref. 7348], Fricke 2002:44 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Callionymus valenciennei Temminck & Schlegel 1845 -- (Fricke 1982:66 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:288 [ref. 8349]). •Synonym of Repomucenus valenciennei (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Lee & Kim 1993:25 [ref. 23164]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus valenciennei Temminck & Schlegel 1845. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

flavus, Callionymus (Calliurichthys) Fricke [R.] 1983:360, Fig. 110 [Theses Zoologicae v. 3; ref. 8349] Reef of north side of Jeddah harbor, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea, depth 2-8 meters. Holotype: USNM 232244. Paratypes: BPBM 28419 (2), USNM 242160 (3). •Valid as Callionymus flavus Fricke 1983 -- (Fricke 1989:53 [ref. 15489], Goren & Dor 1994:62 [ref. 25356], Fricke 2002:21 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33442], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:144 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus flavus Fricke 1983. Callionymidae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

floridae, Callionymus Fowler [H. W.] 1941:92, Figs. 5-6 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 93; ref. 13237] Two miles off Boca Chica Key, Florida, U.S.A., depth 1-5 fathoms [1.8-9.1 meters]. Holotype: ANSP 69717. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432], Böhlke 1984:32 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Chalinops pauciradiatus (Gill 1865) -- (Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:45 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Diplogrammus pauciradiatus (Gill 1865). Current status: Synonym of Chalinops pauciradiatus (Gill 1865). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

fluviatilis, Callionymus Day [F.] 1876:322 [The fishes of India Part 2; ref. 1081] Hooghly River at Calcutta, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: BMNH 1889.2.1.3557-3564 (8); NMW 76840 (1); 76490 (1); RMNH 4874 (1); ZSI F2083-84 (2). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. •Synonym of Callionymus melanotopterus Bleeker 1851 -- (Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432]). •Valid as Callionymus fluviatilis Day 1876 -- (Fricke 1983:142 [ref. 8349], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:916 [ref. 20764], Rainboth 1996:193 [ref. 22772], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:187 [ref. 25703], Fricke 2001:3558 [ref. 26292] dated 1875, Fricke 2002:21 [ref. 26547], Ng & Rainboth 2011:67 [ref. 31577]). •Valid as Repomucenus fluviatilis (Day 1876) -- (Kottelat 2013:386 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus fluviatilis Day 1876. Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

formosanus, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 1981:369, Fig. 14 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 42 (no. 14); ref. 8481] Taiwan Strait, 25°N, 120°E, depth about 90 meters. Holotype (unique): CAS 46972. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:61 [ref. 5432], Ho & Shao 2011:54 [ref. 31432]. May use Callionymus or Bathycallionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Bathycallionymus formosanus (Fricke 1981) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:343 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1125 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:330 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1125 [ref. 26193]). •Valid as Callionymus formosanus Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:61 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:145 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2002:22 [ref. 26547], Ho & Shao 2011:54 [ref. 31432], Fricke & Golani 2013:278 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:46 [ref. 34468]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus formosanus Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

fowleri, Anaora Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1953:781 [United States Fish and Wildlife Service Research Report No. 20; ref. 5594] Puerto Galera, Mindoro, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 7302 (presumed destroyed). Paratypes: (1) apparently destroyed. Replacement name for Synchiropus tentaculatus Herre 1928, secondarily preoccupied by Anaora tentaculata Gray 1835 when both are in Anaora. •Subjective synonym of Anaora tentaculata Gray 1835 -- (Fricke 1982:58 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:49 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:9 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Anaora tentaculata Gray 1835. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

fowleri, Paracallionymus Poll [M.] 1949:240, Fig. 15 [Mémoires, Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 2.Séries, No. 33; ref. 13028] Africa [original locality in error]. Holotype (unique): IRSNB 92 [ex IRSNB 11204]. Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:44 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:59 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Paracallionymus fowleri Poll 1949 -- (Fricke 1982:74 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:562 [ref. 8349]). •Synonym of Paracallionymus costatus (Boulenger 1898) -- (Davis & Fricke 1990:922 [ref. 19375] with corrected locality, Fricke 2002:51 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Paracallionymus costatus (Boulenger 1898). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

futuna, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 1998:3, Fig. 1 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 567; ref. 23952] Futuna Island shelf, 14°13'30"S, 178°10'18"W, depth 224-252 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1995-0521. Paratypes: MNHN 1995-0522 (2 or 1), SMNS 18823 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:20 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Callionymus futuna Fricke 1998 -- (Fricke 2000:16 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2002:22 [ref. 26547], Fricke & Golani 2013:278 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:13 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:47 [ref. 34468]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus futuna Fricke 1998. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Wallis & Futuna. Habitat: marine.

gardineri, Callionymus Regan [C. T.] 1908:248, Pl. 30 (fig. 5) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Cargados Carajos Island, Indian Ocean, depth 20-30 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.3.23.261. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus gardineri Regan 1908 -- (Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:366 [ref. 8349], Dor 1984:235 [ref. 29757], Fricke 1986:771 [ref. 5653], Goren & Dor 1994:62 [ref. 25356], Fricke 1999:492 [ref. 24106], Fricke 2002:22 [ref. 26547], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33442], Fricke & Quang 2018:442 [ref. 35976], Golani & Fricke 2018:145 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus gardineri Regan 1908. Callionymidae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, East Africa and Natal (South Africa) to Comores, Seychelles, Saint Brandon's Shoals and Maldives. Habitat: marine.

garthi, Callionymus Seale [A.] 1940:36, Pl. 3 [Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-40, Los Angeles v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 12332] Port Utria, Colombia. Holotype (unique): CAS 5746. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:74 [ref. 5432]. May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Synonym of Synchiropus atrilabiatus (Garman 1899) -- (Fricke 1981:33 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1983:567 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:52 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Synchiropus garthi (Seale 1940) -- (Fricke 1982:74 [ref. 5432]). •Valid as Foetorepus garthi (Seale 1940) -- (Nakabo & Hartel 1999:114 [ref. 23704]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus garthi (Seale 1940). Callionymidae. Distribution: Colombia. Habitat: marine.

giglioli, Callionymus festivus forma Ninni [E.] 1934:29, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [Notas y Resúmenes, Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Serie II (Madrid) No. 85; ref. 13910] Gulf of Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MZUF 2091. •Synonym of Callionymus pusillus Delaroche 1809 -- (Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:37 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus pusillus Delaroche 1809. Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

goodenbeani, Foetorepus Nakabo [T.] & Hartel [K. E.] 1999:115, Fig. 3-5 [Copeia 1999 (no. 1); ref. 23704] 39°53'N, 71°42'W, about 90 miles south of Montauk Point, Long Island, New York, U.S.A., depth 180-243 meters. Holotype: MCZ 95955. Paratypes: BMNH 1933.10.12.85 (1); FAKU 57148 (1); FSBC 2227 (1); GCRL V62:763 (2); MCZ 38492 (1), 54855 (1), 76000-01 (1, 1), 85838 (2), 95954 (1), 123587 (2), 150758 (1); CAS-SU 17434-35 (3, 1); UF 3597 (1), 33153 (1), 33170 (3), 33173 (1), 72138 (2), 72354 (1), 210121 [ex UMML 10121] (5), 213512 [ex UMML 13512] (1), 228669 [ex UMML 28669] (1). May use Synchropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus goodenbeani (Nakabo & Hartel 1999) -- (Fricke 2002:55 [ref. 26547], Anderson et al. 2005:28 [ref. 28396]). •Valid as Foetorepus goodenbeani Nakabo & Hartel 1999 -- (Moore et al. 2003:229 [ref. 27076], Hartel & Nakabo 2003:1776 [ref. 27110], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:650 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus goodenbeani (Nakabo & Hartel 1999). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

goodladi, Calliurichthys Whitley [G. P.] 1944:270 [Australian Zoologist v. 10 (pt 3); ref. 4705] Cheyne Beach, Albany District, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.2528-001. Paratypes: WAM P.2541-001 to P.2543-001 (3) Type catalog: Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432], Hutchins & Smith 1991:38 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:42 [ref. 30117] May use Pseudocalliurichthys or Callionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Repomucenus goodladi (Whitley 1944) -- (Kuiter 1993:343 [ref. 23929]). •Valid as Pseudocalliurichthys goodladi (Whitley 1944) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:779 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Bray 2006:1587 [ref. 29000], Gomon & Yearsley 2008:745 [ref. 30631], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). •Valid as Callionymus goodladi (Whitley 1944) -- (Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:371 [ref. 8349], Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:23 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus goodladi (Whitley 1944). Callionymidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

goramensis, Callionymus Bleeker [P.] 1858:214 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 15 (no. 1); ref. 362] Pulau-Pulau Gorong, Molucca Islands, Indonesia, Banda Sea. Syntypes: RMNH 4812 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:71 [ref. 5432]. Bleeker's unpublished illustration reproduced in Boeseman 1983:v. 11, Pl. 421, fig. 5 [ref. 12564], Synchiropus goramensis. •Valid as Diplogrammus goramensis (Bleeker 1858) -- (Fricke 1982:71 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:493 [ref. 8349], Randall et al. 1990:388 [ref. 15987], Nakabo et al. 1992 [ref. 20434], Fricke 1993:371 [ref. 22077], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Randall et al. 1997:388 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1126 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:400 [ref. 25191], Fricke 2000:26 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Randall et al. 2002:160 [ref. 26192], Nakabo 2002:1126 [ref. 26193], Fricke 2002:47 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:508 [ref. 28239], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872], Hoese & Bray 2006:1582 [ref. 29000], Motomura et al. 2010:201 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:849 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:3 [ref. 33363], Fricke et al. 2014:154 [ref. 33932], Fricke 2016:49 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:19 [ref. 34659], Seyhan et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35053], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Diplogrammus goramensis (Bleeker 1858). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Vietnam, Philippines and eastern Indonesia east to Marshall and Cook Islands, north to southern China, south to Australia, Norfolk Island and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

goslinei, Pogonymus Rao [V. V.] 1976:27, Fig. 1 [Matsya No. 1; ref. 6857] Ennore Estuary, Madras, India. Holotype: ZSI F6853/2. Paratypes: ZSI F6854/2 (7). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Eleutherochir opercularis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:547 [ref. 8349], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:917 [ref. 20764], Fricke 2002:50 [ref. 26547], Kottelat 2013:385 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleutherochir opercularis (Valenciennes 1837). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

grandoculis, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 2000:69, Fig. 33 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 617; ref. 25197] 70 kilometers southeaste of Rowley Shoals, Western Australia, 18°01'S, 118°25'E, depth 351-353 meters. Holotype: WAM P.30418-001 [not P. 20418-001]. Paratypes: NTM S.12728-041 (1), SMNS 12822 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:22 [ref. 29864], Moore et al. 2008:42 [ref. 30117]. May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus grandoculis Fricke 2000 -- (Fricke 2002:55 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus grandoculis (Fricke 2000) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1584 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus grandoculis Fricke 2000. Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

grinnelli, Synchiropus Fowler [H. W.] 1941:24, Fig. 15 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 90 (no. 3106); ref. 1439] San Bernardino Strait to San Miguel Bay, Philippines, 12°55'26"N, 124°22'12"E, Albatross station 5475, depth 195 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 99436. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Synchiropus grinnelli Fowler 1941 -- (Fricke 1981:51 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:596 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:55 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus grinnelli Fowler 1941. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

grossi, Callionymus Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:43 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 23; ref. 3288] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: (2) QM I.1579 [? ex AFAQ 958] (1) Bulwer. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus grossi Ogilby 1910 -- (Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:376 [ref. 8349], Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:367 [ref. 23967], Johnson 1999:747 [ref. 25471], Fricke 2001:3559 [ref. 26292], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:23 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2014:5 [ref. 33556]). •Valid as Calliurichthys grossi (Ogilby 1910) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1580 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus grossi Ogilby 1910. Callionymidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

gruveli, Diplogrammus (Diplogrammoides) Smith [J. L. B.] 1963:551, Pl. 86 (fig. G); Fig. 2 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 28; ref. 4129] Great Bitter Lake, Suez Canal. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 154 (poor condition). Paratypes: MNHN 1963-0186 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:71 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:107 [ref. 21539]. •Valid as Diplogrammus gruveli Smith 1963 -- (Fricke 1982:72 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:524 [ref. 8349], Goren & Dor 1994:62 [ref. 25356], Fricke 2002:47 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:7 [ref. 33363], Fricke et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33442], Fricke et al. 2016:408 [ref. 34134], Seyhan et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35053], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:145 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Diplogrammus gruveli Smith 1963. Callionymidae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic: Gulf of Suez; Suez Canal (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

guentheri, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 1981:370, Figs. 15-17 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 42 (no. 14); ref. 8481] Entrance from Sulu Sea into Basilann Strait, west of Zamboanga, Philippines, 7°03'N, 121°48'E, depth 82 fathoms. Holotype: BMNH 1879.5.14.567. Paratypes: CAS 32668 (2), 32801 (1), 32897 (11), 32905 (7), 32916 (5), 32977 (1), 33067 (1), 33703 (1), 33864 (3), 33879 (1), 34074 (1), 34154 (7), 34190 (2), 34197 (9), 34205 (1), 34272 (1), 34278 (4), 34286 (3), 34401 (1), 34426 (1), 34468 (1), 46966 (4). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:61 [ref. 5432]. May use Callionymus or Bathycallionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Callionymus guentheri Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:61 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:148 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3554 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:23 [ref. 26547], Fricke & Golani 2013:279 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:12, 14 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:46, 49 [ref. 34468], Motomura et al. 2017:193 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus guentheri Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

haifae, Callionymus Fowler [H. W.] & Steinitz [H.] 1956:285, Figs. 26-32 [Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel v. 5B (no. 3-4); ref. 1478] Haifa, Israel, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: ANSP 72141. Paratypes: ANSP 72142-43 (2), HUJ 2137 [ex ANSP 72144] (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432], Böhlke 1984:32 [ref. 13621], Golani 2006:33 [ref. 28840]. •Synonym of Callionymus filamentosus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Wheeler 1973:516 [ref. 7190], Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:348 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Whitehead et al. 1986:1088 [ref. 13677], Fricke 2001:3557 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:21 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus filamentosus Valenciennes 1837. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

hainanensis, Callionymus Li [S.-C.] 1966:167 [English 173], Fig. 1 [Acta Zoologica Sinica v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 19747] Yingge Sea, Hainan Island, China. Holotype: ASZIB [now NZMC] 35955. Paratypes: ASZIB [now NZMC] 35956 (1), 35957-59 (3), 35838-39 (1, 1), 30930 (1), 31910-11 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:61 [ref. 5432], Zhang 1996:502 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:100 [ref. 33808]. •Valid as Callionymus hainanensis Li 1966 -- (Fricke 1982:61 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:152 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3554 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:24 [ref. 26547], Ng & Rainboth 2011:67 [ref. 31577], Ye et al. 2015:100 [ref. 33808]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus hainanensis Li 1966. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

hawaiiensis, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 2000:71, Fig. 34 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 617; ref. 25197] Hawaiian Islands, northwest of Kaho`olawe Island, 20°38'18"N, 156°40'36"W - 20°41'06"N, 156°41'18"W, depth 292-296 meters. Holotype: USNM 314624. Paratypes: BPBM 9840 (1), 24219 (9), 24244 (16), 24358 (14); SMNS 21816-17 (10, 4), 21929 (4); USNM 314596 (2), 314598 (1), 314611-13 (2, 4, 4), 314616 (2), 315443 (5), 315445 (4), 344611 (3). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:22 [ref. 29864]. Some catalog number were given incorrectly in the original descritpion. •Valid as Synchiropus hawaiiensis Fricke 2000 -- (Fricke 2002:55 [ref. 26547], Mundy 2005:467 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:388 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus hawaiiensis Fricke 2000. Callionymidae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

hildae, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 1981:157, Figs. 8-9 [Zoologische Beiträge v. 27 (no. 1); ref. 8604] Manila Bay, Philippines. Holotype: CAS-SU 27197. Paratypes: BMNH 1933.3.11.697-698 (2); CAS 32869 (2), 46978 (1); CAS-SU 20671 (2), 68768 (17). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:61 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus hildae Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:61 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:156 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3554 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:24 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus hildae Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

himantophorus, Callionymus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:296, Pl. 76 (figs. 268, 268a-b) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] 20-32°N, 77-89°W, depth 26-231 fathoms. Holotype: MCZ 86660 [not 43091]. Paratypes: MCZ 27988 (5), 27992 (1), 27994 (1); USNM 47640 (4), 153582 [ex MCZ 27988] (2). See Nakabo & Hartel 1999:114 [ref. 23704] for remarks on types. •Synonym of Synchiropus agassizii [sometimes as agassizi] (Goode & Bean 1888) -- (Fricke 1981:46 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Davis & Fricke 1990:923 [ref. 19375], Fricke 2002:52 [ref. 26547]). •Objective synonym of Foetorepus agassizii (Goode & Bean 1888) -- (Nakabo & Hartel 1999:114 [ref. 23704]). •Synonym of Foetorepus agassizii (Goode & Bean 1888). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus agassizii (Goode & Bean 1888). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

hindsii, Callionymus Richardson [J.] 1844:64, Pl. 37 (figs. 3-4) [Ichthyology.--Part 1. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur; ref. 3739] Pacific [probably China or Singapore]. Syntypes: BMNH 1844.9.11.31 and BMNH 1855.9.19.911 (4). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:61 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Repomucenus hindsii Richardson 1844 -- (Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:249 [ref. 36460]). •Valid as Callionymus hindsii Richardson 1844 -- (Fricke 1982:61 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:159 [ref. 8349], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:418 [ref. 23876], Randall 1995:351 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:212 [ref. 23922], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3554 [ref. 26292] as hindsi, Fricke 2002:24 [ref. 26547], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Ng & Rainboth 2011:67 [ref. 31577], Ng 2012:29 [ref. 31795], Fricke et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33442]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus hindsii Richardson 1844. Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf and Oman east to Malaysia and South China Sea, north to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

hudsoni, Callionymus Fowler [H. W.] 1941:8, Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 90 (no. 3106); ref. 1439] Pandanan Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 99412. Paratypes: USNM 99413-17 (1 ea.); FMNH 48003 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:20 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Callionymus enneactis Bleeker 1879 -- (Fricke 1982:60 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:123 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:19 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus enneactis Bleeker 1879. Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

huguenini, Callionymus Bleeker [P.] 1858:7, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 5 (art. 9); ref. 16963] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4803. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:61 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus huguenini Bleeker 1858 -- (Fricke 1982:61 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:165 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:25 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Repomucenus huguenini (Bleeker 1858) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:344 [ref. 6441], Lee & Kim 1993:10 [ref. 23164], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:542 [ref. 27969], Nakabo 2000:1136 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1136 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:390, 652 [ref. 26218], Iwatsubo & Motomura 2010:71 [ref. 31555]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus huguenini Bleeker 1858. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ijimae, Synchiropus Jordan [D. S.] & Thompson [W. F.] 1914:295, Pl. 36 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 2543] Misaki, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 57078 [ex CM 6015a]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:98 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:82 [ref. 12367]. The spelling ijimae is acceptable; early workers almost certainly Latinized the name first, and then added an 'e' (Art. 31.1.1) [WNE, 12 Mar. 2012]. But current authors use Ijimai. •Valid as Synchiropus ijimai Jordan & Thompson 1914 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:229 [ref. 7348], Fricke 1981:88 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:599 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:56 [ref. 26547] as ijimae). •Valid as Neosynchiropus ijimai (Jordan & Thompson 1914) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:343 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1128 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1128 [ref. 26193], Iwatsubo & Motomura 2010:65 [ref. 31555], Fricke 2016:10 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus ijimai Jordan & Thompson 1914. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

ikedai, Pseudocalliurichthys Nakabo [T.], Senou [H.] & Aizawa [M.] 1998:451, Figs. 1-3A [Copeia 1998 (no. 2); ref. 23313] Mouth of Yonada-gawa River, Iriomote Island, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, 24°23'20"N, 123°45'25"E, depth 1 meter. Holotype: ZUMT 58413. Paratypes: FAKU 63628 (1). •Valid as Pseudocalliurichthys ikedai Nakabo, Senou & Aizawa 1998 -- (Nakabo 2000:1135 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1135 [ref. 26193]). •Valid as Callionymus ikedai (Nakabo, Senou & Aizawa 1998) -- (Fricke 2002:25 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus ikedai (Nakabo, Senou & Aizawa 1998). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

indicus, Diplogrammus Kotthaus [A.] 1977:40, Figs 423b, 424b, 425 [Meteor Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie No. 25; ref. 7262] Indian Ocean, 9°40'N, 75°38.8'E to 9°45.3'N, 75°38.5'E, depth 211-138 meters. Holotype: ZMH 5535. Paratypes: ZMH 5536 (12). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:62 [ref. 5432]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Callionymus by Callionymus indicus Linnaeus 1758, replaced by Callionymus kotthausi Fricke 1981. •Synonym of Callionymus kotthausi Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 2002:27 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus kotthausi Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

inframundus, Callionymus Gill [T. N.] 1859:129 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 11; ref. 1761] Japan. •Synonym of Callionymus lunatus Temminck & Schlegel 1845 -- (Fricke 1982:62 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:189 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:28 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Repomucenus lunatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Lee & Kim 1993:22 [ref. 23164]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus lunatus Temminck & Schlegel 1845. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

infulatus, Diplogrammus (Climacogrammus) Smith [J. L. B.] 1963:550, Pl. 83 (figs. E-I) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 28; ref. 4129] Inhaca Island, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 131. Paratypes: MNHN 1963-087 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 169 (1), 475-488 (2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 2, 1); USNM 197722 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:72 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:107 [ref. 21539]. •Valid as Diplogrammus infulatus Smith 1963 -- (Fricke 1982:72 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:509 [ref. 8349], Dor 1984:236 [ref. 29757], Fricke 1986:772 [ref. 5653], Goren & Dor 1994:62 [ref. 25356], Fricke 1999:493 [ref. 24106], Fricke 2002:47 [ref. 26547], Heemstra et al. 2004:3328 [ref. 27945], Fricke et al. 2013:269 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:7, 11 [ref. 33363], Fricke et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33442], Fricke et al. 2016:408 [ref. 34134], Seyhan et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35053], Fricke et al. 2018:316 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:145 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Diplogrammus infulatus Smith 1963. Callionymidae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa to Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes. Habitat: marine.

inversicoloratus, Callionymus Seale [A.] 1910:538 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Samal Island, Davao Gulf, Mindanao Island, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 3748 (presumed destroyed). Paratypes: (10) BSMP, presumed destroyed. •Synonym of Anaora tentaculata Gray 1835 -- (Fricke 1982:58 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:49 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:9 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Anaora tentaculata Gray 1835. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

io, Callionymus (Spinicapitichthys) Fricke [R.] 1983:465, Fig. 138 [Theses Zoologicae v. 3; ref. 8349] Off Myanmar, vessel Investigator. Holotype (unique): ZSI F38312. •Valid as Callionymus io Fricke 1983 -- (Fricke 2002:25 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:63 [ref. 34390]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus io Fricke 1983. Callionymidae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: marine.

izuensis, Callionymus persicus Fricke [R.] & Zaiser Brownell [M.] 1993:4, Fig. 2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 40 (no. 1); ref. 20659] Igaya Bay, Miyake-jima, Izu Islands, Japan. Holotype: NSMT-P 35099 [ex TMBS 840818-1]. Paratypes: NSMT-P 35100 [ex TMBS 840816-3] (1), 35101 [ex TMBS 830825-7] (1), 35102 [ex TMBS 840817-4/5] (2), 35103 [ex TMBS 830911-4] (1), 35104 [ex TBMS 840907-4] (1), 35105 [ex TMBS 840812-2] (1); SMNS 11569-71 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:7 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:21 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Calliurichthys izuensis (Fricke & Zaiser Brownell 1993) -- (Nakabo 2000:1134 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1134 [ref. 26193]). •Valid as Callionymus izuensis Fricke & Zaiser Brownell 1993 -- (Fricke 2002:25 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus izuensis Fricke & Zaiser Brownell 1993. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

jaculus, Callionymus Cuvier [G.] 1829:248 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Not available, no distinguishing features, as a new species from the Mediterranean. Also appeared in Cuvier 1831:182 [ref. 30376] Callionymidae.

japonicus, Callionymus Houttuyn [M.] 1782:312 [Verhandelingen der Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen, Haarlem v. 20 (pt 2); ref. 2220] Nagasaki, Japan. No types known. •See Boeseman 1995:6 [ref. 21811]. •Valid as Calliurichthys japonicus (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:344 [ref. 6441], Lee & Kim 1993:6 [ref. 23164], Chen et al. 1997:149 [ref. 26476], Nakabo 2000:1134 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:330 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1134 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:390, 651 [ref. 26218], Iwatsubo & Motomura 2010:68 [ref. 31555], Yoshida et al. 2013:184 [ref. 34464], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:247 [ref. 36460]). •Valid as Callionymus japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:211 [ref. 7348], Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:380 [ref. 8349], Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:186 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:251 [ref. 24754], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2000:56 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3560 [ref. 26292], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:26 [ref. 26547], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:43 [ref. 27712], Ng & Rainboth 2011:67 [ref. 31577], Allen & Erdmann 2012:845 [ref. 31980], Motomura et al. 2017:193 [ref. 35490], Fricke & Quang 2018:443 [ref. 35976], Golani & Fricke 2018:145 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus japonicus Houttuyn 1782. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and Gulf of Thailand east to Philippines, north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

jonesii, Callionymus Lal Mohan [R. S.] 1970:357, Fig. 1; Pl. 1 A-B [Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India v. 10 (no. 2) (for 1968); ref. 7762] Panaikulam, Palk Bay, India, 9°30"N, 78°50"E, Indian Ocean. Holotype: FMRI 116. Paratypes: FMRI 117A (9), 117B (2), 117C (2). •Synonym of Callionymus hindsii Richardson 1844 -- (Fricke 1983:160 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:24 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus hindsii Richardson 1844. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

kaianus, Callionymus Günther [A.] 1880:44, Pl. 19 (fig. B) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Kai Islands, Indonesia, Banda Sea, Challenger station 192, depth 129 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1879.5.14.565. May use Callionymus or Bathycallionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Bathycallionymus kaianus (Günther 1880) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:343 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1125 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:330 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1125 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:390, 651 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:438 [ref. 28370], Iwatsubo & Motomura 2010:67 [ref. 31555]). •Valid as Callionymus kaianus Günther 1880 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:214 [ref. 7348], Fricke 1982:62 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:170 [ref. 8349], Chen et al. 1997:149 [ref. 26476] with data as 1879, Fricke 1998:5 [ref. 23952], Fricke 2001:3554 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:26 [ref. 26547], Fricke & Golani 2013:279 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:13 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:48 [ref. 34468]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus kaianus Günther 1880. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

kailolae, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 2000:57, Fig. 28 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 617; ref. 25197] 175 kilometers north of Port Hedland, Western Australia, 18°32'S, 118°17'E, depth 200-204 meters. Holotype (unique): AMS I.22807-021. May use Callionymus or Bathycallionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Bathycallionymus kailolae (Fricke 2000) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1579 [ref. 29000]). •Valid as Callionymus kailolae Fricke 2000 -- (Fricke 2002:26 [ref. 26547], Fricke & Golani 2013:279 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:13 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:47 [ref. 34468]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus kailolae Fricke 2000. Callionymidae. Distribution: Australia: northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

kamoharai, Foetorepus Nakabo [T.] 1983:210, Fig. 5 [Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory v. 27 (nos 4-6) (art. 11); ref. 8300] Mimase, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: BSKU 7452. Paratypes: BSKU 50007 [ex BSKU 4820] (1). May use Synchropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Questionably a synonym of Synchiropus phasis Günther 1880 -- (Fricke 1983:572 [ref. 8349]). •Valid as Foetorepus kamoharai Nakabo 1983 -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:343 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 1987:340 [ref. 6375], Nakabo 2000:1127 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:331 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1127 [ref. 26193]). •Valid as Synchiropus kamoharai (Nakabo 1983) -- (Fricke 2002:56 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus kamoharai (Nakabo 1983). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kanakorum, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 2006:4, Figs. 1-2 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 696; ref. 28872] Grande Terre, New Caledonia, 19°07'30"S, 163°22'06"E, depth 110 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2000-5519. Paratypes: SMNS 8550 (1), 12047(1). •Valid as Callionymus kanakorum Fricke 2006 -- (Fricke & Golani 2013:279 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:13 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:47 [ref. 34468]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus kanakorum Fricke 2006. Callionymidae. Distribution: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

kanekonis, Callionymus Tanaka [S.] 1917:12 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 29 (no. 339); ref. 4329] Nagasaki fish market, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 7269. •Questionably a synonym of Callionymus beniteguri Jordan & Snyder 1900 -- (Fricke 1982:59 [ref. 5432]). •Synonym of Callionymus beniteguri Jordan & Snyder 1900 -- (Fricke 1983:82 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:14 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Repomucenus beniteguri (Jordan & Snyder 1900) -- (Lee & Kim 1993:27 [ref. 23164]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus beniteguri Jordan & Snyder 1900. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

kanmuensis, Foetorepus Nakabo [T.], Yamamoto [E.] & Chen [C.-H.] 1983:351, Fig. 3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 29 (no. 4); ref. 8299] Kanmu Seamount Chain [Hawaiian Ridge, northern ventral Pacific], 32°00'N, 172°50'E, depth 355-375 meters. Holotype: FAKU 50671. Paratypes: FAKU 50672 (1), NSMT-P 21033 (1). May use Synchropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Synonym of Synchiropus altivelis (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Fricke 1983:577 [ref. 8349]). •Valid as Foetorepus kanmuensis Nakabo, Yamamoto & Chen 1983 -- (Savinykh & Balanov 1999:424 [ref. 24871]). •Valid as Synchiropus kanmuensis (Nakabo, Yamamoto & Chen 1983) -- (Fricke 2002:56 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus kanmuensis (Nakabo, Yamamoto & Chen 1983). Callionymidae. Distribution: Northern central Pacific: Hawaiian Ridge endemic. Habitat: marine.

keeleyi, Callionymus Fowler [H. W.] 1941:14, Fig. 9 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 90 (no. 3106); ref. 1439] Cebu, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 99425. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:62 [ref. 5432]. May use Callionymus or Repomucenus; authors differ. •Valid as Repomucenus keeleyi (Fowler 1941) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1590 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:184 [ref. 32988]). •Valid as Callionymus keeleyi Fowler 1941 -- (Fricke 1982:62 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:174 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1993:368 [ref. 22077], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2000:14 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3554 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:27 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Fricke 2006:13 [ref. 28872], Fricke 2016:63 [ref. 34390], Fricke 2016:52 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:22 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:182 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus keeleyi Fowler 1941. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kellersi, Callionymus Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1927:12, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 71 (no. 2682); ref. 15786] Benkoelen, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): USNM 87935. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Eleutherochir opercularis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:547 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:50 [ref. 26547], Kottelat 2013:385 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleutherochir opercularis (Valenciennes 1837). Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

kinmeiensis, Foetorepus Nakabo [T.], Yamamoto [E.] & Chen [C.-H.] 1983:349, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 29 (no. 4); ref. 8299] Kinmei [Kimmei] Seamount, 35°20.2'N, 171°24.1'E, [northern central Pacific], depth 350 meters. Holotype: HUMZ 68699. Paratypes: FAKU 50670 (1). •Synonym of Synchiropus altivelis (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Fricke 1983:577 [ref. 8349]). •Valid as Foetorepus kinmeiensis Nakabo, Yamamoto & Chen 1983 -- (Randall 1999:199 [ref. 24082]). •Valid as Synchiropus kinmeiensis (Nakabo, Yamamoto & Chen 1983) -- (Fricke 2002:57 [ref. 26547], Mundy 2005:468 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:388 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus kinmeiensis (Nakabo, Yamamoto & Chen 1983). Callionymidae. Distribution: Northern central Pacific: Hawaiian Ridge endemic. Habitat: marine.

kitaharae, Callionymus Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:148, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 30 (no. 1445); ref. 2496] Nagasaki harbor, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 9261. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:103 [ref. 12291], Fricke 1982:62 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus kitaharai Jordan & Seale 1906 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:227 [ref. 7348], Fricke 1982:62 [ref. 5432], Cheng & Zhou 1997:340 [ref. 26385] as kitaharae, Wang et al. 2001:250 [ref. 26566] as kitaharae). •Synonym of Callionymus huguenini Bleeker 1858 -- (Fricke 1983:166 [ref. 8349], Lee & Kim 1993:10 [ref. 23164], Fricke 2002:25 [ref. 26547] as kitaharae). •Synonym of Repomucenus valenciennei (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Nakabo et al. 1991:261 [ref. 20070]). •Synonym of Repomucenus huguenini (Bleeker 1858) Current status: Synonym of Callionymus huguenini Bleeker 1858. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

kiyoae, Synchiropus (Synchiropus) Fricke [R.] & Zaiser [M. J.] 1983:122, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 30 (no. 2); ref. 8346] Toga Bay, Miyake-jima, Izu Islands, Japan, 34°06'N, 139°28'E, depth 5-13.5 meters. Holotype: USNM 257078. Paratypes: AMS I.23508-001 (2); BMNH 1983.3.3.1-2 (2); MNHN 1983-0003 (2); NSMT-P 21713-14 (1, 1), 29834 [ex TMBS 820808] (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 17926-27 (1, 1); USNM 232249 (1); ZIN 46504 (1); ZMH 6453 (1); ZUMT 42861-63 (3), 42881 (1). Type catalog: Fricke et al. 1984:107 [ref. 21539], Moyer & Matsuura 1991:82 [ref. 19927], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:419 [ref. 21161]. •Valid as Minysynchiropus kiyoae (Fricke & Zaiser 1983) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:344 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1131 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1131 [ref. 26193], Motomura et al. 2010:201 [ref. 31256]). •Valid as Synchiropus kiyoae Fricke & Zaiser 1983 -- (Fricke 1983:603 [ref. 8349], Clark & Fricke 1985:542 [ref. 8172], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:57 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym in part of Callionymus corallinus Gilbert 1905 -- (Fricke 2000:10 [ref. 25197]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus kiyoae Fricke & Zaiser 1983. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

koreanus, Repomucenus Nakabo [T.], Jeon [S.-R.] & Li [S.-Z.] 1987:286, Figs. 1-3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 34 (no. 3); ref. 6374] Sea of the Sa-dong, Ansan-shi, Kyong'gi-do, Korea, 37°17'N, 126°47'E. Holotype: EWNHM 80249 [ex SMU 3001]. Paratypes: FAKU 53900-04 (5), 53914 (1), 53917 (1, c&s), 53918-22 (5), 53923-24 (1, c&s, 1), 55024-35 (12), 55308-16 (9); SMU 3002-04 (3), 3014-15 (2), 3018-19 (2), 3021-26 (6), 3061-77 (17), 3086-95 (10) -- all SMU now at EWNHM as EWNHM 80249 to 80288; ZIAS 31339-41 (3), 66063 (1). Type catalog: Jeon 2001:90 [ref. 25360]. •Valid as Repomucenus koreanus Nakabo, Jeon & Li 1987 -- (Lee & Kim 1993:20 [ref. 23164], Youn 2002:390, 653 [ref. 26218]). •Valid as Callionymus koreanus (Nakabo, Jeon & Li 1987) -- (Fricke 2002:27 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus koreanus (Nakabo, Jeon & Li 1987). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kotthausi, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 1981:363, Fig. 10 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 42 (no. 14); ref. 8481] About 40 kilometers west-southwest of Cochin, India, 9°40'N, 75°38.8'E to 9°45.3'N, 75°38.5'E, depth 138-211 meters. Holotype: ZMH 5535. Paratypes: ZMH 5536 (11). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:62 [ref. 5432], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:419 [ref. 21161]. Replacement name for Diplogrammus indicus Kotthaus 1977, secondarily preoccupied by Callionymus indicus Linnaeus 1758 when both are in Callionymus. •Valid as Callionymus kotthausi Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:62 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:177 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:27 [ref. 26547], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Fricke 2006:7 [ref. 28872], Fricke & Golani 2013:279 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:11, 12 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:47 [ref. 34468]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus kotthausi Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean: India. Habitat: marine.

kuiteri, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 1992:82, Figs. 1-2 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 19 (no. 3); ref. 20291] 10 kilometers east of Maumere, Bay of Maumere, Flores Island, Timur Province, Indonesia, 8°38'00"S, 122°18'38"E, depth 4 meters. Holotype (unique): SMNS 12825. Type catalog: Fricke 1995:8 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:22 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Synchiropus kuiteri Fricke 1992 -- (Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:57 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Dactylopus kuiteri (Fricke 1992) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:849 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Dactylopus kuiteri (Fricke 1992). Callionymidae. Distribution: West Pacific: Malaysia, Indonesia and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

lacerta, Callionymus Cuvier [G.] 1829:247 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Mediterranean Sea. Non-types: MNHN A-1525 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:106 [ref. 21539] but dated to Valenciennes 1837 with incorrect types. As "Le Lacert. (Call. lacerta N.). Rondel. 304, et moins bien Call. pusillus Laroche. Ann. Mus. XIII xxv. 16." See also Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:286 [ref. 1006]. •Synonym of Callionymus pusillus Delaroche 1809 -- (Wheeler 1973:517 [ref. 7190], Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:37 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus pusillus Delaroche 1809. Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

laddi, Synchiropus Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1960:406, Fig. 131 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 2; ref. 3972] Ocean reef off Bikini Island, Bikini Atoll, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 141127. Paratypes: USNM 141128-31 (2, 1, 2, 1), 141132 (8). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432]. May use Minysynchiropus or Synchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus laddi Schultz 1960 -- (Fricke 1981:124 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:608 [ref. 8349], Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:57 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:75 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Allen & Erdmann 2012:851 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Minysynchiropus laddi (Schultz 1960) based on status of Minysynchiropus. Current status: Valid as Synchiropus laddi Schultz 1960. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines, Palau, Marshall Islands and Tuamotu Islands. Habitat: marine.

lateralis, Callionymus Richardson [J.] 1844:65, Pl. 37 (figs. 5-6) [Ichthyology.--Part 1. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur; ref. 3739] "Pacific" [probably Hong Kong]. Holotype: BMNH 1844.9.11.35. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Synchiropus lineolatus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Fricke 1981:77 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432]). •Valid as Synchiropus lateralis (Richardson 1844) -- (Fricke 1983:611 [ref. 8349] in error for lineolatus, Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:58 [ref. 26547], Ng & Rainboth 2011:67 [ref. 31577], Ng 2012:27 [ref. 31795] as not in Singapore, Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:250 [ref. 36460] as leteralis). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus lateralis (Richardson 1844). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Singapore, Gulf of Thailand and Vietnam to southern China and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

lateralis, Callionymus Macleay [W.] 1881:628 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2869] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16398-001 [ex MAMU F1015]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Callionymus lateralis Richardson 1844, replaced by Callionymus macleayi Ogilby 1886. •Synonym of Eocallionymus papilio (Günther 1864) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1582 [ref. 29000]). •Synonym of Synchiropus papilio (Günther 1864) -- (Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:62 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus papilio (Günther 1864). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

leopoldi, Synchiropus Giltay [L.] 1933:83, Figs. 23-24 [Mémoires du Musée royal d'histoire naturelle de Belgique v. 5 (pt 3); ref. 16489] Between Banda Neira and Goenoeng Api, Maluku, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): IRSNB 40. Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:44 [ref. 20755], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Synchiropus splendidus (Herre 1927) -- (Fricke 1981:127 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:670 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:66 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus splendidus (Herre 1927). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

leucobranchialis, Callionymus Fowler [H. W.] 1941:19, Figs. 12-13 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 90 (no. 3106); ref. 1439] San Fernando Point Light, western coast of Luzon Island, Philippines, 16°30'36"N, 120°11'06"E, depth 45 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 99393. Paratypes: USNM 99395 (4), 99399-400 (6, 1). Other specimens: USNM 99394 (1), 99396-98 (1, 3, 3), 99401-05 (1, 1, 2, 2, 5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:103 [ref. 12291], Fricke 1982:62 [ref. 5432] who refers some types and "other specimens" to different species. Paratypes of this species (SU 40197) were identified as Callionymus hildae Fricke 1981 by Fricke 2002:24 [ref. 26547]. •Valid as Callionymus leucobranchialis Fowler 1941 -- (Fricke 1982:62 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:181 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2000:60 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:28 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Repomucenus leucobranchialis (Fowler 1941) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1590 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus leucobranchialis Fowler 1941. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

leucopoecilus, Callionymus (Callionymus) Fricke [R.] & Lee [C.-L.] 1993:275, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 39 (no. 4); ref. 19339] Chollabuk-do, Kunsan-shi, Uen-dong, Korea, 35°51'N, 126°40'E. Holotype: SMNS 10100. Paratypes: BKNU 331 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:7 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:20 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Repomucenus leucopoecilus (Fricke & Lee 1993) -- (Lee & Kim 1993:19 [ref. 23164], Youn 2002:390, 653 [ref. 26218]). •Valid as Callionymus leucopoecilus Fricke & Lee 1993 -- (Fricke 2002:28 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus leucopoecilus Fricke & Lee 1993. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Korea. Habitat: marine.

lili, Synchiropus Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:415, Pl. 53 (fig. 2) [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51762. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770) -- (Fricke 1981:91 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:637 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:61 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:9 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

limiceps, Callionymus Ogilby [J. D.] 1908:35 [Annals of the Queensland Museum No. 9 (pt 1); ref. 3285] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: QM (numerous specimens, not found in 1997). •Valid as Callionymus limiceps Ogilby 1908 -- (Fricke 1982:62 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:183 [ref. 8349], Johnson 1999:747 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2001:3561 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:28 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Repomucenus limiceps (Ogilby 1908) -- (Kuiter 1993:343 [ref. 23929], Hoese & Bray 2006:1590 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:184 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus limiceps Ogilby 1908. Callionymidae. Distribution: Northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lineathorax, Calliurichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1943:80, Fig. 19 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 14 (pt 2); ref. 1441] Off Jolo Light, vicinity of Jolo, Philippines, 6°03'45"N, 120°57'E, Albatross station 5174, depth 20 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 99504. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432]. Originally as linea-thorax. •Synonym of Callionymus neptunius (Seale 1910) -- (Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:411 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:33 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus neptunius (Seale 1910). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

lineolatus, Callionymus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:307 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Puducherry, India; Bora Bora, Society Islands (erroneous). Syntypes: MNHN A-1814 [?1514] (1, dry), A-1815 [? 1515] (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:106 [ref. 21539]. •Valid as Synchiropus lineolatus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Fricke 1981:77 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:615 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1999:490 [ref. 24106] with remark on type locality, Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:58 [ref. 26547], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Ng 2012:35 [ref. 31795] with author as Richardson). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus lineolatus (Valenciennes 1837). Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: eastern India east to Java (Indonesia) and Gulf of Thailand. Habitat: marine.

lodra, Callionymus Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 115 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Genus misspelled Calionymus; not available, Chiereghini name synonymized with Callionymus festivus Bonaparte 1833. •In the synonymy of Callionymus pusillus Delaroche 1809 -- (Fricke 2002:37 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus pusillus Delaroche 1809. Callionymidae.

lodrinus, Callionymus Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 115 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Genus misspelled Calionymus; not available, Chiereghini name synonymized with Callionymus morissonii Risso 1827. •In the synonymy of Callionymus risso Lesueur 1814 -- (Fricke 2002:38 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus risso Lesueur 1814. Callionymidae.

lodronos, Callionymus Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 115 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Genus misspelled Calionymus; not available, Chiereghini name synonymized with Callionymus maculatus Risso [= Rafinesque 1810]. •In the synonymy of Callionymus maculatus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Fricke 2002:30 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus maculatus Rafinesque 1810. Callionymidae.

longecaudatus, Callionymus Günther [A.] 1861:148, 558 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Unjustified emendation of Callionymus longicaudatus Temminck & Schlegel 1845. •In the synonymy of Callionymus japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Fricke 1983:381 [ref. 8349]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus japonicus Houttuyn 1782. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

longi, Callionymus Fowler [H. W.] 1941:10, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 90 (no. 3106); ref. 1439] Off Pajumajan Island, Tawi Tawi, Sulu Islands, 5°22'55"N, 120°15'45"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5152, depth 34 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 99418. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Callionymus filamentosus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:347 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2001:3557 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:20 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus filamentosus Valenciennes 1837. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

longicaudatus, Callionymus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1845:151, Pls. 78 (fig. 1), 80 (fig. A) [Fauna Japonica Parts 7-9; ref. 4373] Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D1004 (dry). Paralectotypes: RMNH D1002-1003 and D1005-1009 (7, dry), 2075 (2), 2076 (2); ZMB 2168 [ex RMNH] (1. dry). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432], Fricke & Paepke 1992:96 [ref. 20293], Paepke 2001:329 [ref. 25566]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:130 [ref. 12876]. Callionymus longecaudatus Günther 1861:148, 558 [ref. 1964] is an unjustified emendation. •Synonym of Callionymus japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:212 [ref. 7348], Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:381 [ref. 8349], Lee & Kim 1993:6 [ref. 23164], Fricke 2001:3560 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:26 [ref. 26547], Fricke & Quang 2018:443 [ref. 35976]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus japonicus Houttuyn 1782. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

lunatus, Callionymus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1845:155, Pl. 78 (fig. 4) [Fauna Japonica Parts 7-9; ref. 4373] Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH 2092. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:62 [ref. 5432]. Type information: Boeseman 1947:133 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Callionymus lunatus Temminck & Schlegel 1845 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:222 [ref. 7348], Fricke 1982:62 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:187 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:28 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Repomucenus lunatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:345 [ref. 6441], Lee & Kim 1993:22 [ref. 23164], Nakabo 2000:1137 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1137 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:390, 653 [ref. 26218]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus lunatus Temminck & Schlegel 1845. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

luridus, Callionymus (Calliurichthys) Fricke [R.] 1981:390, Figs. 2-3 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 83; ref. 8601] Macclesfield Bank, South China Sea. Holotype: BMNH 1894.4.24.7. Paratypes: BMNH 1848.3.16.87 (1), 1894.4.24.8 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus luridus Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:394 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:29 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus luridus Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

lyra, Callionymus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:249 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Atlantic [Europe]. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.11 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin); NRM 34 (1), 134 (1). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:232-233 [ref. 13434], Wheeler 1973:516 [ref. 7190], Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:271 [ref. 20707]. Misspelled lira by Cabrera et al. 1817 [ref. 17319], see Graells 1887:176 [ref. 30438]. •Valid as Callionymus lyra Linnaeus 1758 -- (Fricke 1982:62 [ref. 5432], Fricke in Whitehead et al. 1986:1088 [ref. 13677], Davis & Fricke 1990:921 [ref. 19375], Arruda 1997:105 [ref. 24952], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:127 [ref. 26753], Fricke 2002:29 [ref. 26547], Parin 2003:S24 [ref. 28536], Fricke 2007:29 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:101 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:138 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:173 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:61 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2015:473 [ref. 33547], Fricke in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2816 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:52 [ref. 35565] as Callyonimus misidentification, Fricke & Ordines 2017:164, 169 [ref. 35468], Artüz & Fricke 2019:559 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus lyra Linnaeus 1758. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, northeastern Atlantic: Iceland and Norway south to Mauritania, including Azores. Habitat: marine.

macclesfieldensis, Callionymus (Callionymus) Fricke [R.] 1983:193, Fig. 55 [Theses Zoologicae v. 3; ref. 8349] Macclesfield Bank, South China Sea, 16°04' to 16°03'30"N, 114°43'30" to 114°39'E, depth 76.8-82.31 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 232260. •Valid as Callionymus macclesfieldensis Fricke 1983 -- (Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:29 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus macclesfieldensis Fricke 1983. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

macdonaldi, Callionymus Ogilby [J. D.] 1911:56, Pl. 6 (fig. 2) [Annals of the Queensland Museum No. 10; ref. 3290] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.2473 [ex AFAQ 1491]. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:62 [ref. 5432]. May use Callionymus or Repomucenus; authors differ. •Synonym of Repomucenus sagitta (Pallas 1770) -- (Nakabo et al. 1991:225 [ref. 20070], Lee & Kim 1993:17 [ref. 23164] as maedonaldi, Kottelat 2013:386 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Repomucenus macdonaldi (Ogilby 1911) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1590 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:184 [ref. 32988]). •Valid as Callionymus macdonaldi Ogilby 1911 -- (Fricke 1982:62 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:197 [ref. 8349], Larson & Williams 1997:367 [ref. 23967], Johnson 1999:747 [ref. 25471], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:30 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:63 [ref. 34390], Fricke 2016:52 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:22 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:182 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus macdonaldi Ogilby 1911. Callionymidae. Distribution: Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

macleayi, Callionymus Ogilby [J. D.] 1886:37 [Catalogue of the fishes of New South Wales, with their principal synonyms; ref. 13268] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16398-001 [ex MAMU F1015]. Replacement name for Callionymus lateralis Macleay 1881, preoccupied by Callionymus lateralis Richardson 1844. •Synonym of Eocallionymus papilio (Günther 1864) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1582 [ref. 29000]). •Synonym of Synchiropus papilio (Günther 1864) -- (Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:62 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus papilio (Günther 1864). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Callyonimus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:25, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432]. Original genus should have been Callionymus. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:15 [ref. 3595] as Callionymus maculatus. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:47 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537] (although appeared again in Fricke 2002:30 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Callionymus maculatus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Wheeler 1973:516 [ref. 7190], Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432], Fricke in Whitehead et al. 1986:1089 [ref. 13677], Davis & Fricke 1990:921 [ref. 19375], Fricke 1999:47 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:128 [ref. 26753], Fricke 2002:30 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2007:27 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:101 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:61 [ref. 36649], Fricke in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2817 [ref. 34618], Fricke & Ordines 2017:165, 169 [ref. 35468], Artüz & Fricke 2019:559 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus maculatus Rafinesque 1810. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, eastern Atlantic: Iceland and Norway south to Senegal. Habitat: marine.

madangensis, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 2014:3, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 13; ref. 33556] Madang District, Madang Bay, Papua New Guinea, depth approximately 30-40 meters. Holotype (unique): NTUM 10146. •Valid as Callionymus madangensis Fricke 2014 -- (Fricke 2016:62 [ref. 34390], Fricke 2016:51 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:21 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:182 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus madangensis Fricke 2014. Callionymidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea and New Ireland. Habitat: marine.

maldivensis, Callionymus Regan [C. T.] 1908:247, Pl. 30 (fig. 3) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] South Nilandu Atoll, Maldives, Indian Ocean, depth 30-36 fathoms. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1901.12.31.63-71 (10). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Callionymus gardineri Regan 1908 -- (Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:366 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:22 [ref. 26547], Fricke & Quang 2018:442 [ref. 35976]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus gardineri Regan 1908. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

margaretae, Callionymus Regan [C. T.] 1905:326, Pl. 3(C) (fig. 3) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 16; ref. 15386] Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean, depth 15-30 fathoms (27-54 meters). Syntypes: BMNH 1904.5.15.151-152 [or 1904.5.25.151-152] (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432]. Originally spelled margaretæ. •Valid as Callionymus margaretae, subspecies margaretae Regan 1905 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477]). •Valid as Callionymus margaretae Regan 1905 -- (Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:398 [ref. 8349] with subspecies, Randall 1995:352 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:212 [ref. 23922], Fricke 2002:31 [ref. 26547] dated 1906, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33442], Psomadakis et al. 2015:302 [ref. 34104], Fricke 2017:185 [ref. 35548] in subgenus Margaretichthys). Current status: Valid as Callionymus margaretae Regan 1905. Callionymidae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean: Somalia, Oman and Persian Gulf east to Andaman Sea (western Thailand). Habitat: marine.

marisinensis, Callionymus Fowler [H. W.] 1941:7, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 90 (no. 3106); ref. 1439] China Sea, vicinity of Hong Kong, 21°44'N, 114°48'E, Albatross station D.5303, depth 34 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 99410. Paratypes: USNM 99411 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432]. •Questionably valid -- (Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432]). •Questionably a synonym of Callionymus belcheri Richardson 1844, subspecies recurvispinnis (Li 1966) -- (Fricke 2002:13 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Uncertain as Callionymus recurvispinnis (Li 1966). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

marleyi, Callionymus Regan [C. T.] 1919:201, Fig. 4 [Annals of the Durban Museum v. 2 (pt 4) (art. 18); ref. 15230] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1917.10.1.9 (1), 1919.4.10.23-24 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus marleyi Regan 1919 -- (Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:201 [ref. 8349], Dor 1984:236 [ref. 29757], Fricke 1986:772 [ref. 5653], Goren & Dor 1994:62 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:352 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:212 [ref. 23922], Fricke 2002:31 [ref. 26547], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33442], Fricke et al. 2018:316 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus marleyi Regan 1919. Callionymidae. Distribution: Antiequatorial in western Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden to Persian Gulf and India; False Bay (South Africa) to Mozambique and Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Callionymus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1855:446 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1855; ref. 3449] Mozambique. Syntypes: BMNH 1860.3.10.5 (1), ZMB 2167 (4). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke & Paepke 1992:96 [ref. 20293]. Also described as new in Peters 1855:255 [ref. 13448]. May use Synchiropus or Neosynchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Neosynchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855) -- (Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:393 [ref. 28072]). •Valid as Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855) -- (Fricke 1981:73 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:620 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1986:773 [ref. 5653], Fricke 2002:58 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:8 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Tanzaina and Mozambique. Habitat: brackish, marine.

marquesensis, Callionymus (Calliurichthys) Fricke [R.] 1989:48, Fig. 1 [Hydrobiologia v. 183 (no. 1); ref. 15489] Southwestern side of Sentinelle de l'Est, Nuku Hiva, Marquesas Islands, depth 70 feet. Holotype: BPBM 12824. Paratypes: BPBM 11868 (2), 11935 (3), 12825 (1), 16422 (1), 17721 (1). •Valid as Callionymus marquesensis Fricke 1989 -- (Randall & Earle 2000:19 [ref. 25806], Fricke 2002:31 [ref. 26547], Randall 2005:508 [ref. 28239], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus marquesensis Fricke 1989. Callionymidae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

martinae, Callionymus (Calliurichthys) Fricke [R.] 1981:162, Fig. 11 [Zoologische Beiträge v. 27 (no. 1); ref. 8604] Taiwan, southwest of Kaohsiung into China Sea, depth 40-50 fathoms. Holotype: CAS 28206. Paratypes: CAS 47769 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432], Ho & Shao 2011:54 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Callionymus martinae Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:409 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2002:31 [ref. 26547], Ho & Shao 2011:54 [ref. 31432]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus martinae Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

mascarenus, Callionymus (Callionymus) Fricke [R.] 1983:206, Fig. 60 [Theses Zoologicae v. 3; ref. 8349] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: USNM 143552. Paratypes: USNM 231408 (2). •Valid as Callionymus mascarenus Fricke 1983 -- (Fricke 1999:493 [ref. 24106], Fricke 2002:32 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33442]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus mascarenus Fricke 1983. Callionymidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Mauritius (Mascarenes endemic). Habitat: marine.

masudai, Foetorepus Nakabo [T.] 1987:335, Figs. 1, 2, 3A [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 33 (no. 4); ref. 6375] Mimase fish market, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 52494. Paratypes: BSKU 30011-13 (3), 50005 (1); FAKU-K1135 (1), K1159 (1), 25516 (1, c&s), 25519 (1), 102029 (1), 104233 (1); NSMT-P 21030 (1). May use Synchropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus masudai (Nakabo 1987) -- (Fricke 2002:59 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus masudai Nakabo 1987 -- (Ho et al. 1993:10 [ref. 22789], Nakabo 2000:1127 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:331 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1127 [ref. 26193], Shinohara et al. 2005:438 [ref. 28370]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus masudai (Nakabo 1987). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

maugei, Clathropus Smith [J. L. B.] 1966:323, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 8 (no. 90) (for 1965); ref. 4137] Northwest of Tuléar, Madagascar, depth 1 meter. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 417. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 634 (4). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:72 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Draculo maugei (Smith 1966) -- (Fricke 1982:72 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:535 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:49 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33442], Fricke et al. 2018:316 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Draculo maugei (Smith 1966). Callionymidae. Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

mccaddeni, Eleutherochir Fowler [H. W.] 1941:27, Fig. 16 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 90 (no. 3106); ref. 1439] Hinunañgan Bay, Leyte, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 99435. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Eleutherochir opercularis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:547 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:50 [ref. 26547], Kottelat 2013:385 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleutherochir opercularis (Valenciennes 1837). Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

megastomus, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 1982:345, Fig. 1 [Journal of Natural History v. 16 (no. 3); ref. 8480] India. Holotype: BMNH 1858.8.15.12. Paratypes: BMNH 1858.8.15.13 (2), RMNH 4874 (1). •Valid as Callionymus megastomus Fricke 1982 -- (Fricke 1983:211 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:32 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus megastomus Fricke 1982. Callionymidae. Distribution: India. Habitat: marine.

melanotopterus, Callionymus Bleeker [P.] 1850:31 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 16885] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: SMNS 10576 (2). Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1880.4.21.154 (1), RMNH 6213 (5). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1991:9 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:20 [ref. 29864]. Bleeker's unpublished illustration reproduced in Boeseman 1983:v. 11, Pl. 421, fig. 2 [ref. 12564]. •Valid as Repomucenus melanopterus (Bleeker 1850) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:131 [ref. 23448], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2015:76 [ref. 34319]). •Valid as Callionymus melanotopterus Bleeker 1850 -- (Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:214 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2001:3562 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:32 [ref. 26547], Ng 2012:32 [ref. 31795]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus melanotopterus Bleeker 1850. Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Malaysia, Singapore and western Indonesia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

meridionalis, Callionymus valenciennei Suwardji [no initials] 1965:313, Pl. 47 (figs. 3-4) [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn 128; ref. 9073] Bali Strait, 8°26'S, 114°29'E, Indonesia, station 6, depth about 70 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P6492. Paratypes: ZMUC P6493-96 (4). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:71 [ref. 9588], Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432]. May use Callionymus or Repomucenus; authors differ. •Valid as Repomucenus meridionalis (Suwardji 1965) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1590 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:184 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:186 [ref. 34464], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:249 [ref. 36460]). •Valid as Callionymus meridionalis Suwardji 1965 -- (Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:217 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3563 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:32 [ref. 26547], Ng & Rainboth 2011:67 [ref. 31577], Motomura et al. 2017:194 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus meridionalis Suwardji 1965. Callionymidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea and western Indonesia east to Philippines, north to northern Vietnam, south to Western Australia and Northern Territory (Australia). Habitat: marine.

microps, Callionymus Günther [A.] 1877:192, Pl. 113 (fig. C) [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 4 (no. 13); ref. 14243] Tonga Islands. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1871.9.13.209. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770) -- (Fricke 1981:91 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:61 [ref. 26547], Randall 2005:509 [ref. 28239], Fricke 2016:9 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

micropterygius, Uranoscopus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:43 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] German seas. No types known. Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:233 [ref. 13434]. •Synonym of Callionymus lyra Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1958:233 [ref. 13434], Wheeler 1973:516 [ref. 7190], Fricke 2002:29 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus lyra Linnaeus 1758. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

minutulus, Synchiropus (Synchiropus) Fricke [R.] 1981:119, Fig. 38 [v. 1; ref. 1499] Southwest of Mafilifleuri, Maldives, Indian Ocean. Holotype: FMNH 78973. Paratypes: ROM 36863 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:82 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Synchiropus minutulus Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:624 [ref. 8349], Winterbottom et al. 1989:62 [ref. 13251], Fricke 2002:59 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33442]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus minutulus Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

mirabilis, Draculo Snyder [J. O.] 1911:545 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 40 (no. 1836); ref. 4152] Near Tomakomai, Hokkaido, northern Japan. Holotype: USNM 68243. Paratypes: CAS-SU 21429 (1), USNM 74547 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:104 [ref. 12291], Fricke 1982:72 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Draculo mirabilis Snyder 1911 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:207 [ref. 7348], Fricke 1982:72 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:538 [ref. 8349], Cheng & Zhou 1997:338 [ref. 26385], Wang et al. 2001:249 [ref. 26566] dated 1918, Fricke 2002:49 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Eleutherochir mirabilis (Snyder 1911) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:346 [ref. 6441], Lee & Kim 1993:5 [ref. 23164], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:13 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:1126 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1126 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:390, 651 [ref. 26218], Parin 2003:S25 [ref. 28536], Parin et al. 2015:474 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Draculo mirabilis Snyder 1911. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: off Japan, Korea and China. Habitat: marine.

mirus, Brachycallionymus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1936:12 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 49; ref. 2124] Northern coast of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype: CAS-SU 30978. Paratypes: USNM 98827-28 (2, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:103 [ref. 12291], Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Eleutherochir opercularis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:547 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2001:3569 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:50 [ref. 26547], Kottelat 2013:385 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:91 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Synonym of Eleutherochir opercularis (Valenciennes 1837). Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

monacanthus, Synchiropus Smith [J. L. B.] 1935:187 [Records of the Albany Museum Grahamstown v. 4; ref. 4066] Port Alfred, South Africa, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 135 [ex AMG]. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Synchiropus monacanthus Smith 1935 -- (Fricke 1981:61 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:627 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1986:773 [ref. 5653], Fricke 2002:59 [ref. 26547], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Anderson et al. 2005:28 [ref. 28396], Fricke et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33442], Fricke et al. 2018:316 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus monacanthus Smith 1935. Callionymidae. Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

monofilispinnus, Callionymus Li [S.-C.] 1966:168 [English 174], Fig. 2 [Acta Zoologica Sinica v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 19747] Pei-hai, Kwangtung, China. Holotype: ASZIB [now NZMC] 30549. Paratypes: ASIZB 44432 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432], Zhang 1996:502 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:100 [ref. 33808]. •Synonym of Callionymus meridionalis Suwardji 1965 -- (Fricke 1982:63 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:217 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2001:3563 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:32 [ref. 26547], Ye et al. 2015:100 [ref. 33808]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus meridionalis Suwardji 1965. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

moretonensis, Callionymus kaianus Johnson [C. R.] 1971:108, Figs. 1-2 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 16 (pt 1); ref. 7684] 7 miles east of Cape Moreton, southeastern Queensland, Australia, about 27°02'S, 153°36'E, depth 68-72 fathoms. Holotype: AMS I.15608-001. Paratypes: AMS I.15608-002 to 006 (5); CAS 24764-67 (1, 1, 1, 1); QM I.3428 (1), I.9156-9157 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:64 [ref. 5432]. May use Callionymus or Bathycallionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Bathycallionymus moretonensis (Johnson 1971) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1580 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32988]). •Valid as Callionymus moretonensis Johnson 1971 -- (Fricke 1982:64 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:223 [ref. 8349], Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477], Fricke 1993:368 [ref. 22077], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977], Fricke 1998:5 [ref. 23952], Fricke 2000:16 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:33 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:7 [ref. 28872], Fricke & Golani 2013:279 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:13 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:48 [ref. 34468]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus moretonensis Johnson 1971. Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific; Australia. Habitat: marine.

morissonii, Callionymus Risso [A.] 1827:265, Pl. 6 (fig. 12) [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Fricke et al. 1984:108 [ref. 21539]. •Synonym of Callionymus risso Lesueur 1814 -- (Wheeler 1973:518 [ref. 7190], Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432] as rissoi, Fricke in Whitehead et al. 1986:1091 [ref. 13677], Fricke 2002:38 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus risso Lesueur 1814. Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

morrisoni, Synchiropus Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1960:409, Fig. 132 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 2; ref. 3972] Lagoon coral head off Arji Island, Bikini Atoll, western Pacific, depth 20-40 feet. Holotype (unique): USNM 141126. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432]. Neosynchiropus Nakabo 1982 is preoccupied by Neosynchiropus Nalbant 1979 in the same family. May use Synchiropus or Neosynchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Neosynchiropus morrisoni (Schultz 1960) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:343 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1129 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1129 [ref. 26193], Hoese & Bray 2006:1585 [ref. 29000], Iwatsubo & Motomura 2010:65 [ref. 31555]). •Valid as Synchiropus morrisoni Schultz 1960 -- (Fricke 1981:98 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:630 [ref. 8349], Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:388 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:60 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:509 [ref. 28239], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872], Shao et al. 2008:260 [ref. 29952], Allen & Erdmann 2012:10 [ref. 31759], Allen & Erdmann 2012:851 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus morrisoni Schultz 1960. Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines north to Japan, south to Great Barrier Reef and Western Australia to Micronesia and Samoa. Habitat: marine.

mortenseni, Callionymus Suwardji [no initials] 1965:317, Pl. 48 (fig. 1) [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn 128; ref. 9073] Near Tual, Kei Islands, 5°29'S, 132°37'E, station 58, depth about 290 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P64104. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:71 [ref. 9588], Fricke 1982:64 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus mortenseni Suwardji 1965 -- (Fricke 1982:64 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:227 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:33 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus mortenseni Suwardji 1965. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

moyeri, Synchiropus (Synchiropus) Zaiser [M. J.] & Fricke [R.] 1985:389, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 31 (no. 4); ref. 5267] Igaya Bay, Miyake-jima, Japan, 34°06'N, 139°28'E, depth 12 meters. Holotype: USNM 26773. Paratypes: AMS I.24794-001 (1), I.24795-001 (1); BMNH 1984.11.6.4-5 (2); CAS 55654 (1); MNHN 1984-0704 to 0705 (1, 1); NSMT-P 23213-14 (1, 1); NTM (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 21638-399 (1, 1); NSMT-P 29833 [was TMBS 820821] (1); USNM 26771-72 (1, 1); WAM P.28366-001 (1); ZIN 47203 (1); ZMB 31446-47 (1, 1); ZMH 6603 (1); ZUMT 54586 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:38 [ref. 19335], Moyer & Matsuura 1991:82 [ref. 19927], Fricke & Paepke 1992:97 [ref. 20293], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:419 [ref. 21161], Moore et al. 2008:42 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Neosynchiropus moyeri (Zaiser & Fricke 1985) -- (Nakabo 2000:1130 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1130 [ref. 26193], Iwatsubo & Motomura 2010:65 [ref. 31555], Koeda et al. 2016:86 [ref. 35333]). •Valid as Synchiropus moyeri Zaiser & Fricke 1985 -- (Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:60 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Allen & Erdmann 2012:852 [ref. 31980], Fricke 2016:50 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:8 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus moyeri Zaiser & Fricke 1985. Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines, Palau, to Japan, south to eastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

muscatensis, Callionymus Regan [C. T.] 1905:326, Pl. 3(C) (fig. 2) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 16; ref. 15386] Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean, depth 15-30 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1904.5.25.149-150 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432]. May use Pseudocalliurichthys or Callionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Callionymus muscatensis Regan 1905 -- (Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:469 [ref. 8349], Dor 1984:236 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:62 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:352 [ref. 22896], Fricke 2002:33 [ref. 26547], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Fricke 2014:9 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:63 [ref. 34390], Golani & Fricke 2018:145 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus muscatensis Regan 1905. Callionymidae. Distribution: Southern Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Oman. Habitat: marine.

nasutus, Callionymus (Calliurichthys) McCulloch [A. R.] 1926:197, Pl. 52 [Biological Results Endeavour v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2947] Southeast from Cape Capricorn, Queensland, Australia, depth 13 fathoms. Holotype (unique): AMS E.6507. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432] as no type known. •Synonym of Callionymus grossi Ogilby 1910 -- (Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:376 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2001:3559 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:23 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Calliurichthys grossi (Ogilby 1910) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1580 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus grossi Ogilby 1910. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

neptunia, Calliurichthys Seale [A.] 1910:539 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Balayan Bay, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 2317 (destroyed in WWII). Paratypes: (1, apparently destroyed). •Valid as Callionymus neptunius (Seale 1910) -- (Fricke 1981:393 [ref. 8601], Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:411 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:33 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:846 [ref. 31980], Fricke 2016:62 [ref. 34390], Fricke 2016:52 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:21 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:182 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus neptunius (Seale 1910). Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

normani, Synchiropus Schultz [L. P.] & Woods [L. P.] 1948:419 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 38 (no. 12); ref. 10177] Seychelles, Indian Ocean, depth 44 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.3.23.264. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432]. Replacement name for Synchiropus altivelis Regan 1908, secondarily preoccupied in Synchiropus by Callionymus altivelis Temminck & Schlegel 1845. •Synonym of Synchiropus sechellensis Regan 1908 -- (Fricke 1981:84 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:664 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:65 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:11 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus sechellensis Regan 1908. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

novaecaledoniae, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 1993:372, Fig. 3A-C [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 158; ref. 22077] Submarine bank, 23°40.1'S, 167°59.7'E, New Caledonia, depth 246 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1993-0140. Paratypes: MNHN 1993-0138 (1) 1993-0139 (1); SMNS 12539 (1), 12540 (2, 1 head). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:8 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:22 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Synchiropus novaecaledoniae Fricke 1993 -- (Fricke 2000:29 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:60 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:13 [ref. 28872]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus novaecaledoniae Fricke 1993. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

novaehiberniensis, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 2016:13, Figs. 1-5 [Journal of Natural History v. 80 (no. 3); ref. 34659] New Ireland Province, Kavieng District, 3.7 km west-northwest of Kavieng, Papua New Guinea, 02°33.56'S, 150°45.67'E to 02°32.92'S, 150°46.53'E, depth 84-92 meters. Holotype: NTUM 11377. Paratypes: NTUM. Misspelled novaebhibernensis on page 18 (Fricke 2016, ref. 34659). •Valid as Synchiropus novaehiberniensis Fricke 2016 -- (Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus novaehiberniensis Fricke 2016. Callionymidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea, New Ireland. Habitat: marine.

numeri, Calliurichthys Tanaka [S.] 1917:11 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 29 (no. 339); ref. 4329] Miaski, Japan. Syntypes: ZUMT 7431 (1, described), 7432-36 (5). •Synonym of Callionymus japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:382 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:26 [ref. 26547], Fricke & Quang 2018:443 [ref. 35976]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus japonicus Houttuyn 1782. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

obscurus, Callionymus (Spinicapitichthys) Fricke [R.] 1989:54, Fig. 4 [Hydrobiologia v. 183 (no. 1); ref. 15489] Latuhalat, Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, depth 40 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 18519. •Valid as Callionymus obscurus Fricke 1989 -- (Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:34 [ref. 26547], Allen & Erdmann 2012:846 [ref. 31980], Fricke 2016:63 [ref. 34390]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus obscurus Fricke 1989. Callionymidae. Distribution: Ambon, Molucca Island, Indonesia (holotype). Habitat: marine.

occidentalis, Synchiropus (Synchiropus) picturatus Fricke [R.] 1983:653, Fig. 202 [Theses Zoologicae v. 3; ref. 8349] Southeast of Elphik's Knob, northeastern end of Rosemary Island, Dampier Islands, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.22027-001. Paratypes: WAM P.22028-001 (1), P.22029-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:38 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:42 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Synchiropus picturatus (Peters 1877), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977]). •Valid as Pterosynchiropus occidentalis (Fricke 1983) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1588 [ref. 29000]). •Valid as Synchiropus occidentalis Fricke 1983 -- (Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:61 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus occidentalis Fricke 1983. Callionymidae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

ocellatus, Callionymus Pallas [P. S.] 1770:25, Pl. 4 (figs. 1-3) [Spicilegia Zoologica v. 1 (fasc. 8); ref. 12293] [Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia.] Neotype locality: Lapu Lapu City, Cebu Island, 10°19'S, 123°57'E, Santa Rosa, Philippines. Neotype: SMNS 21263. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2005:21 [ref. 29864]. Neosynchiropus Nakabo 1982 is preoccupied by Neosynchiropus Nalbant 1979 in the same family. Neotype designated by Fricke 2000:32 [ref. 29157]. May use Synchiropus or Neosynchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Neosynchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:343 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 1991:2 [ref. 24604], Nakabo 2000:1130 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1130 [ref. 26193], Hoese & Bray 2006:1585 [ref. 29000], Motomura et al. 2010:201 [ref. 31256], Iwatsubo & Motomura 2010:69 [ref. 31555]). •Valid as Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770) -- (Fricke 1981:90 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:635 [ref. 8349], Randall et al. 1990:389 [ref. 15987], Fricke 1993:374 [ref. 22077], Kuiter 1993:343 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:214 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:389 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:747 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:26 [ref. 25829], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:401 [ref. 25191], Fricke 2000:31 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:61 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:509 [ref. 28239], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872], Fricke et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988], Fricke 2016:50 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:9 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770). Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: eastern Indonesia east to Marshall Islands and Pitcairn, north to Izu Islands (Japan), south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

ocellifer, Callionymus Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:49 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Cape Schanck, Victoria; Hobson's Bay, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN A-4554 (2, dry), A-4555 (1, dry). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:106 [ref. 21539]. •Synonym of Eocallionymus papilio (Günther 1864) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1582 [ref. 29000]). •Synonym of Synchiropus papilio (Günther 1864) -- (Fricke 1981:111 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:643 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:62 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus papilio (Günther 1864). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

ocelligena, Callionymus McCulloch [A. R.] 1926:207, Pl. 55 (fig. 1) [Biological Results Endeavour v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2947] Southwestern Australia [probably Queensland]. Holotype (unique): AMS E.1568 (apparently lost). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:59 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Callionymus calcaratus Macleay 1881 -- (Fricke 1982:59 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:101 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:15 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Repomucenus calcaratus (Macleay 1881) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1589 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus calcaratus Macleay 1881. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

ochiaii, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 1981:366, Fig. 13 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 42 (no. 14); ref. 8481] Shibushi, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 23261. Paratypes: FAKU 23257-60 (4), 23275 (1). •Valid as Callionymus ochiaii Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:64 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:230 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1998:5 [ref. 23952], Fricke 2002:34 [ref. 26547], Fricke & Golani 2013:279 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:13 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:48 [ref. 34468]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus ochiaii Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

octostigmatus, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 1981:143, Figs. 1-6 [Zoologische Beiträge v. 27 (no. 1); ref. 8604] Sanderal Point, Catanauan, Quezon, Philippines, depth 70-78 fathoms. Holotype: CAS 33370. Paratypes: CAS 15958 (6), 20791 (1), 30328 (1), 32620 (11), 32727 (1), 32747 (7), 32775 (1), 32828 (8), 45896 (2), 46530-31 (2, 2), 47766 (3), 47768 (1), 47780-81 (1, 1);CAS-SU 41388 (4), 41389 (4); plus nontypes. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:64 [ref. 5432], Ho & Shao 2011:54 [ref. 31432]. May use Callionymus or Repomucenus; authors differ. •Valid as Repomucenus octostigmatus (Fricke 1981) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1591 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:184 [ref. 32988], Kimura & Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:250 [ref. 36460]). •Valid as Callionymus octostigmatus Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:64 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:234 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3564 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:34 [ref. 26547], Ho & Shao 2011:54 [ref. 31432], Ng & Rainboth 2011:67 [ref. 31577], Fricke 2016:63 [ref. 34390], Fricke 2016:52 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:22 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus octostigmatus Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Islands and Indonesia east to Philippines and Papua New Guinea, north to Taiwan, south to Northern Territory (Australia). Habitat: marine.

ogilbyi, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 2002:5, Fig. 1 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 634; ref. 26582] Southeast of Evans Head, off Iluka, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.26229-002. Paratypes: AMS I.26229-000 (1), I.26312-007 (9), I.26828-005 (1), AMS I.32120-007 (1), AMS I.34028-001 (2). •Valid as Callionymus ogilbyi Fricke 2002 -- (Fricke 2002:35 [ref. 26547], Fricke & Quang 2018:443 [ref. 35976]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus ogilbyi Fricke 2002. Callionymidae. Distribution: Queensland and New South Wales, Australia. Habitat: marine.

olidus, Callionymus Günther [A.] 1873:242 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 12 (no. 69) (art. 31); ref. 2004] Shanghai, China. Syntypes: BMNH 1873.7.30.48 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:64 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus olidus Günther 1873 -- (Fricke 1982:64 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:239 [ref. 8349], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:419 [ref. 23876], Cheng & Zhou 1997:339 [ref. 26385], Fricke 2002:35 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Repomucenus olidus (Günther 1873) -- (Lee & Kim 1993:15 [ref. 23164], Kim 1997:420 [ref. 24032], Kim & Park 2002:346 [ref. 25913], Youn 2002:390, 653 [ref. 26218]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus olidus Günther 1873. Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Asia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

omanensis, Callionymus Fricke [R.], Jawad [L. A.] & Al-Mamry [J. M.] 2014:3, Figs. 1-2, 4a [Journal of Fish Biology v. 85 (no. 5); ref. 33442] Off Salalah City, southern Oman, Arabian Sea, north-western Indian Ocean, 16°23'19.11"N, 54°34'52.02"E, depth 500 meters. Holotype (unique): SMF 34898. •Valid as Callionymus omanensis Fricke, Jawad & Al-Mamry 2014 -- (Fricke 2016:49 [ref. 34468]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus omanensis Fricke, Jawad & Al-Mamry 2014. Callionymidae. Distribution: Southern Oman, north-western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

opercularioides, Callionymus Bleeker [P.] 1850:32 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 16885] Padang, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (14) BMNH 1880.4.21.153 (1); ?NMV 46686-87 (2), A907 (3); RMNH 4813 (5). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432]. Bleeker's unpublished illustration reproduced in Boeseman 1983:v. 11, Pl. 424, fig. 2 [ref. 12564], Eleutherochir opercularioides. •Synonym of Eleutherochir opercularis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:546 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:50 [ref. 26547], Kottelat 2013:385 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleutherochir opercularis (Valenciennes 1837). Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

opercularis, Callionymus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:305 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Mouth of Arian-Coupan River at Puducherry, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1514. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:106 [ref. 21539]. •Valid as Eleutherochir opercularis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:546 [ref. 8349], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:345 [ref. 6441], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:917 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:131 [ref. 23448], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1126 [ref. 25182], Matsuura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:286 [ref. 27511], Fricke 2001:3560 [ref. 26292], Nakabo 2002:1126 [ref. 26193], Fricke 2002:50 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Shao et al. 2008:260 [ref. 29952], Kottelat 2013:385 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:154 [ref. 33932], Fricke 2016:49 [ref. 34468], Miesen et al. 2016:91 [ref. 34492], Fricke 2016:20 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Eleutherochir opercularis (Valenciennes 1837). Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka and eastern India east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

orientalis, Callionymus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:41, Pl. 6 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Holotype: ZMB (missing). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke & Paepke 1992:97 [ref. 20293]. •Questionably valid as Synchiropus orientalis (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432]). Current status: Uncertain as Synchiropus orientalis (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

ornatipinnis, Callionymus Regan [C. T.] 1905:23, Pl. 3 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 15 (no. 85) (art. 2); ref. 3624] Inland Sea of Japan. BMNH. Syntypes: BMNH 1905.6.6.331-36 (7), ZSI F2991/1 [ex BMNH] (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:151 [ref. 20743], Fricke 1982:64 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus ornatipinnis Regan 1905 -- (Fricke 1982:64 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:243 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:35 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Repomucenus ornatipinnis (Regan 1905) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:345 [ref. 6441], Nakabo & Jeon 1986:447 [ref. 11591], Lee & Kim 1993:28 [ref. 23164], Nakabo 2000:1138 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1138 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:390, 654 [ref. 26218]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus ornatipinnis Regan 1905. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ornatus, Synchiropus Fowler [H. W.] 1931:308, Fig. 12 [Hong Kong Naturalist v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 1408] Saukiwan, Hong Kong. Holotype: ANSP 53456. Paratypes: ANSP 53457 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Böhlke 1984:32 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Synchiropus lineolatus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Fricke 1981:77 [ref. 1499]). •Questionably a synonym of Synchiropus lineolatus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432]). •Synonym of Synchiropus lateralis (Richardson 1844) -- (Fricke 1983:611 [ref. 8349]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus lateralis (Richardson 1844). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

orstom, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 2000:33, Fig. 16 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 617; ref. 25197] Norfolk Ridge, East Jumeau Seamont, New Caledonia, 23°45'52.2"S, 168°16'57"E, depth 402 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1999-1254. Paratypes: SMNS 11612 (1), 21276 (1). •Valid as Synchiropus orstom Fricke 2000 -- (Fricke 2002:62 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872], Fricke 2015:5 [ref. 33807], Fricke 2016:50 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:20 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus orstom Fricke 2000. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

oxycephalus, Callionymus (Spinicapitichthys) Fricke [R.] 1980:95, Figs. 13-14 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 83; ref. 1500] Gulf of Suez, Egypt, Red Sea. Holotype: MNHN 1966-0159. Paratypes: MNHN B-2904 [ex MNHN 1966-0159] (9). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:106 [ref. 21539]. •Valid as Callionymus oxycephalus Fricke 1980 -- (Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:473 [ref. 8349], Dor 1984:236 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:62 [ref. 25356], Fricke 2002:36 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2014:9 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:63 [ref. 34390], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:145 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus oxycephalus Fricke 1980. Callionymidae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic: Gulf of Suez. Habitat: marine.

pallidus, Synchiropus Fowler [H. W.] 1941:23, Fig. 14 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 90 (no. 3106); ref. 1439] Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 99437. Type information: Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Synchiropus altivelis (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Fricke 1981:55 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:576 [ref. 8349], Lee & Kim 1993:8 [ref. 23164], Fricke 2002:52 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Foetorepus altivelis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Kottelat 2013:385 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus altivelis (Temminck & Schlegel 1845). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

papilio, Callionymus Günther [A.] 1864:197 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 14 (no. 81); ref. 18182] Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.7.22.70. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432]. May use Synchiropus or Eocallionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Eocallionymus papilio (Günther 1864) -- (Kuiter 1993:341 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:776 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:340 [ref. 25488], Hoese & Bray 2006:1582 [ref. 29000], Gomon & Yearsley 2008:742 [ref. 30631], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). •Valid as Synchiropus papilio (Günther 1864) -- (Fricke 1981:111 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:642 [ref. 8349], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:62 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus papilio (Günther 1864). Callionymidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: New South Wales to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

partenopoeus, Callionymus Giglioli [E. H.] 1883:398 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 6 (no. 144); ref. 1619] Gulf of Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: MZUF 5661 [ex MZUF 2091]. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432], Vanni 1991:227 [ref. 20099]. •Synonym of Callionymus pusillus Delaroche 1809 -- (Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:37 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus pusillus Delaroche 1809. Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

parvus, Paradiplogrammus Nakabo [T.] 1984:150, Figs. 1-4 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 31 (no. 2); ref. 5343] North of Clack Reef, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia, 14°03'S, 144°15'E, depth 1.5-7.5 meters. Holotype: QM I.17256 [ex QM I.15432]. Paratypes: CAS 46879 (1), 50730 (6); QM I.15432 (3), I.17255 (1); URM-P 5195 (1). May use Paradiplogrammus or Callionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Paradiplogrammus parvus Nakabo 1984 -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:344 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1133 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1133 [ref. 26193]). •Synonym of Callionymus enneactis Bleeker 1879 -- (Fricke 2002:19 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Callionymus parvus (Nakabo 1984) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830]). •Synonym of Paradiplogrammus enneactis (Bleeker 1879) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1586 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus enneactis Bleeker 1879. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pauciradiatus, Callionymus Gill [T. N.] 1865:143 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 8 (art. 15); ref. 1676] Matanzas, Cuba. Holotype: USNM 119800. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus pauciradiatus Gill 1865 -- (Scott & Scott 1988:479 [ref. 25518]). •Valid as Chalinops pauciradiatus (Gill 1865) -- (Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:45 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Diplogrammus pauciradiatus (Gill 1865) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:238 [ref. 23100], McAllister 1990:176 [ref. 14674], Boschung 1992:161 [ref. 23239], Harrington 1997:872 [ref. 23084], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:311 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:167 [ref. 27754], Hartel & Nakabo 2003:1776 [ref. 27110], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:648 [ref. 28815], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2005:191 [ref. 28938], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:74 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Diplogrammus pauciradiatus (Gill 1865). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

paucispinis, Diplogrammus Fricke [R.] & Bogorodsky [S. V.] in Fricke, Bogorodsky & Mal 2014:15, Figs. 1, 6, 7A & B, 11C [Journal of Natural History v. 48 (39-40); ref. 33363] Saudi Arabia, Tabuk Province, south of Al Wajh, 25°35′52.86″N, 36°41′01.80″E, sand bottom close to fringing reef, Red Sea. depth 4 meters. Holotype: SMF 34912. Paratypes: FAUMM 13 (1), 14 (1) 15 (1); SMF 34913(1), 34949 (1). •Valid as Diplogrammus paucispinis Fricke & Bogorodsky 2014 -- (Fricke et al. 2016:407 [ref. 34134], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:145 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Diplogrammus paucispinis Fricke & Bogorodsky 2014. Callionymidae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

paxtoni, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 2000:75, Fig. 35 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 617; ref. 25197] 190 kilometers northwest of Port Hedland, Western Australia, 19°01'S, 117°21'E, depth 200-202 meters. Holotype: AMS I.22828-011. Paratypes: AMS I.22828-000 (1), CSIRO H 3193-01 (1). May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus paxtoni Fricke 2000 -- (Fricke 2002:62 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus paxtoni (Fricke 2000) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1584 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus paxtoni Fricke 2000. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Australia and Northern Territory, Australia. Habitat: marine.

perelegans, Callionymus Bianconi [G. G.] 1858:437, fig. [Memorie della Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna v. 9; ref. 26454] Mozambique. No types known. Replacement name for Callionymus elegans Bianconi 1858, preoccupied by Callionymus elegans Lesueur 1814. Name also appeared as new in Bianconi 1859:263, Pl. 9 [ref. 295]. •Synonym of Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855) -- (Fricke 1981:73 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:620 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1986:773 [ref. 5653], Fricke 2002:58 [ref. 26547] dated 1859, Fricke 2016:8 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

persicus, Callionymus Regan [C. T.] 1905:325, Pl. 3(C) (fig. 1) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 16; ref. 15386] Mekran coast and Muscat, Oman, Persian Gulf, northwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: (12) BMNH 1898.6.29.142-143 (3), 1899.5.8.91-92 (now 1, 1 missing), 1901.1.30.77 (1), 1904.5.25.207-212 (6). Non-types: BMNH 1887.6.8.1-3 and 1887.6.8.5 (4) Jask, 1887.6.8.4 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus persicus Regan 1905 -- (Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:416 [ref. 8349], Dor 1984:236 [ref. 29757], Randall 1995:353 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:212 [ref. 23922], Fricke 2002:36 [ref. 26547], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33442], Golani & Fricke 2018:145 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus persicus Regan 1905. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Oman and Persian Gulf to Comoros, Seychelles and Maldives. Habitat: marine.

petersi, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 2016:41, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 21; ref. 34468] New Ireland Province, 11.5 km west of Kavieng, Papua New Guinea, 2°33.33'S, 150°41.45'E - 2°33.32'S, 150°43.18'E, depth 180-181 meters. Holotype: NTUM 11243. Paratypes: MNHN, NTUM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Callionymus petersi Fricke 2016 -- (Fricke 2016:23 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus petersi Fricke 2016. Callionymidae. Distribution: New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

phaeton, Callionymus Günther [A.] 1861:147 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: ?ANSP 19945-56 (12), NMW 58817 (1). Originally as phaëton. Regarded as a replacement name for Callionymus festivus Bonaparte 1833, preoccupied by Callionymys festivus Pallas 1814. May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Callionymus phaeton Günther 1861 -- (Wheeler 1973:517 [ref. 7190]). •Valid as Foetorepus phaeton (Günther 1861) -- (Santos et al. 1997:102 [ref. 23531]). •Valid as Synchiropus phaeton (Günther 1861) -- (Fricke 1981:39 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke in Whitehead et al. 1986:1093 [ref. 13677], Davis & Fricke 1990:923 [ref. 19375], Arruda 1997:105 [ref. 24952], Uiblein et al. 1999:65 [ref. 24045], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:129 [ref. 26753], Fricke 2002:63 [ref. 26547], Anderson et al. 2005:28 [ref. 28396], Fricke et al. 2007:102 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:61 [ref. 36649], Fricke in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2823 [ref. 34618], Fricke & Ordines 2017:166, 169 [ref. 35468]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus phaeton (Günther 1861). Callionymidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Gambia including Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

phasis, Callionymus Günther [A.] 1880:28, Pl. 15 (fig. C) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Off Twofold Bay, New South Wales, Australia, 37°06'S, 149°55'E, depth 120 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1879.5.14.564. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Synchiropus phasis (Günther 1880) -- (Fricke 1981:27 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:571 [ref. 8349], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:63 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus phasis (Günther 1880) -- (Paulin et al. 1989:223 [ref. 24556], Kuiter 1993:342 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:778 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Bray 2006:1584 [ref. 29000], Gomon & Yearsley 2008:744 [ref. 30631], Struthers 2015:1559 [ref. 34302] as cf. phasis). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus phasis (Günther 1880). Callionymidae. Distribution: Australia and New Zealand region (cf. phasis). Habitat: marine.

picturatus, Callionymus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1877:840 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1876; ref. 3454] Salawatty, 1°07'N, 130°54'E, off northwestern New Guinea [Irian Jaya]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 9770. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke & Paepke 1992:97 [ref. 20293]. May use Synchiropus or Pterosynchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus picturatus, subspecies picturatus (Peters 1877) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477], Allen & Erdmann 2012:853 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Synchiropus picturatus (Peters 1877) -- (Fricke 1981:134 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:646 [ref. 8349], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292] dated 1876, Fricke 2002:63 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:510 [ref. 28239], Fricke 2016:51 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:21 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus picturatus (Peters 1877). Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Malaysia, Indonesia and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

planus, Callionymus Ochiai [A.] in Ochiai, Araga & Nakajima 1955:106, Figs. 4-5 [Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory v. 5 (no. 1) (art. 7); ref. 12465] Miya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 20685. Paratypes: FAKU 16960-61 (2), 17163-66 (4), 17167 (1), 21877-95 (19), 23638 (1), 23640-42 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:64 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Repomucenus planus (Ochiai 1955) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:345 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1136 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1136 [ref. 26193], Yoshida et al. 2013:186 [ref. 34464]). •Valid as Callionymus planus Ochiai 1955 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:214 [ref. 7348], Fricke 1982:64 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:247 [ref. 8349], Nakabo et al. 1991:260 [ref. 20070], Fricke 2002:36 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus planus Ochiai 1955. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

platycephalus, Callionymus (Calliurichthys) Fricke [R.] 1983:423, Fig. 125 [Theses Zoologicae v. 3; ref. 8349] Philippines, Visayan Sea, between northern Negros and Masbate Island, east of Sicogon Island, 11°27'45"N, 123°23'45"E, depth 0-47.6 meters. Holotype: USNM 231409. Paratypes: USNM 231410 (30). •Valid as Callionymus platycephalus Fricke 1983 -- (Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:36 [ref. 26547], Motomura et al. 2017:194 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus platycephalus Fricke 1983. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

pleurostictus, Callionymus (Calliurichthys) Fricke [R.] 1982:138, Figs. 7-8 [Journal of Natural History v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 8479] Bay of Nhatrang, Vietnam, 12°12'06"N, 109°17'30"E. Holotype: CAS 46723. Paratypes: CAS 46719 (1), 46724-26 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432]. May use Pseudocalliurichthys or Callionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Pseudocalliurichthys pleurostictus (Fricke 1982) -- (Nakabo & Hayashi 1991 [ref. 20443], Nakabo 2000:1135 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1135 [ref. 26193], Hoese & Bray 2006:1587 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32988]). •Valid as Callionymus pleurostictus Fricke 1982 -- (Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:428 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1989:53 [ref. 15489], Fricke 1993:368 [ref. 22077], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2000:18 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:37 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830] dating to 1992, Fricke 2006:13 [ref. 28872], Allen & Erdmann 2012:846 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:154 [ref. 33932], Fricke 2016:62 [ref. 34390], Fricke 2016:51 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:21 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus pleurostictus Fricke 1982. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Vietnam and eastern Indonesia east to Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan and south to Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

pogognathus, Pogonymus Gosline [W. A.] 1959:72, Fig. 4 [Pacific Science v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 1861] Small cove west of Hanalei Bay, Kauai Island, Hawaiian Islands, 3-10 feet. Holotype: USNM 175010. Paratypes: UH 1626 (34, not found in 1997), USNM 175011 (5). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:72 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Draculo pogognathus (Gosline 1959) -- (Fricke 1982:72 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:541 [ref. 8349], Randall 1999:196 [ref. 24082], Fricke 2002:49 [ref. 26547], Mundy 2005:468 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:387 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Draculo pogognathus (Gosline 1959). Callionymidae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

postulus, Synchiropus Smith [J. L. B.] 1963:560, Fig. 7; Pl. 86 (fig. E) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 28; ref. 4129] Ibo, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 157. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 122 (1), missing 2. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Synchiropus postulus Smith 1963 -- (Fricke 1981:116 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:658 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1986:774 [ref. 5653], Fricke 2002:64 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33442]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus postulus Smith 1963. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

profundus, Callionymus (Bathycallionymus) Fricke [R.] & Golani [D.] 2013:277, Figs. 1, 2a [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, Neue Serie. v. 6; ref. 32697] Eilat, Gulf of Aqaba, Israel, Red Sea, depth 410-480 meters. Holotype (unique): HUJ 16989. •Valid as Callionymus profundus Fricke & Golani 2013 -- (Fricke et al. 2014:3, 11, 14 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:49 [ref. 34468], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[23] 261 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:145 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus profundus Fricke & Golani 2013. Callionymidae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic: Gulf of Aqaba. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Callionymus Richardson [J.] (ex Langsdorff/Valenciennes) 1846:210 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Japan. Holotype (unique): ?ZMB. Appeared first as name only in Valenciennes 1837:300 [ref. 1006]. •Valid as Callionymus puncttus Richardson 1846 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:218 [ref. 7348]). •Synonym of Callionymus curvicornis Valenciennes 1837 -- (Fricke 1983:116 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:17 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2002:17 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus curvicornis Valenciennes 1837. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

punctilateralis, Callionymus Fowler [H. W.] 1941:13, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 90 (no. 3106); ref. 1439] Tigbauan, Iloilo Province, Panay Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 99422. Paratypes: USNM 99423-24 (1, 3). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Callionymus filamentosus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:348 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2001:3557 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:21 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus filamentosus Valenciennes 1837. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

punctulatus, Callionymus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:328, 340 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] No locality [Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia.]. Neotype locality: Lapu Lapu City, Cebu Island, 10°19'S, 123°57'E, Santa Rosa, Philippines. Neotype: SMNS 21263. Unnecessary replacement name for Callionymus ocellatus Pallas 1770. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:213, 230 [ref. 30473]. Neotype designated (for Callionymus ocellatus Pallas 1770) by Fricke 2000:32 [ref. 29157]. •Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770) -- (Fricke 1981:90 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:636 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:61 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:9 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

pusillus, Callionymus Delaroche [F. E.] 1809:330 [44], Pl. 25 (fig. 16) [Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 13; ref. 17380] [Iviça] Ibiza, Baleares Islands, Spain, western Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN A-1525 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:64 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:107 [ref. 21539]. On p. 44 and Pl. 6 of separate. Name placed on Official List (Opinion 1658 in 1991). •Valid as Callionymus pusillus Delaroche 1809 -- (Wheeler 1973:517 [ref. 7190], Fricke 1982:64 [ref. 5432], Fricke in Whitehead et al. 1986:1090 [ref. 13677], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:128 [ref. 26753], Fricke 2002:37 [ref. 26547], Parin 2003:S24 [ref. 28536], Vasil'eva 2007:139 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:173 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:61 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2015:473 [ref. 33547], Fricke in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2818 [ref. 34618], Fricke & Ordines 2017:165, 169 [ref. 35468], Artüz & Fricke 2019:559 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus pusillus Delaroche 1809. Callionymidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Portugal and southern Spain. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pygmaeus, Diplogrammus (Climacogrammus) Fricke [R.] 1981:685, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of Natural History v. 15 (no. 4) (for July/Aug. 1981); ref. 8603] Southern coast of Arabia, 19°22'36"N, 57°53'00"E, depth 13.5 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1939.5.24.1431. Paratypes: BMNH 1887.6.8.5 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:72 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Diplogrammus pygmaeus Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:72 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:513 [ref. 8349], Randall et al. 1994:252 [ref. 21645], Randall 1995:353 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:212 [ref. 23922], Fricke 2002:48 [ref. 26547], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2014:7 [ref. 33363], Fricke et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33442], Fricke et al. 2016:408 [ref. 34134], Seyhan et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35053]). Current status: Valid as Diplogrammus pygmaeus Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

rameus, Orbonymus McCulloch [A. R.] 1926:201, Pl. 53 [Biological Results Endeavour v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2947] Off Cape Capricorn, Queensland, Australia, depth 13 fathoms. Holotype: AMS E.6504 (not found). Paratypes: (6) AMS IA.728-729 (1, 1), E.1469 (1), E.6506-06 (1, 1), IA.727 (1), IA.1735 (1); QM I.4012 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Synchiropus rameus (McCulloch 1926) -- (Fricke 1981:144 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:684 [ref. 8349], Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477], Fricke 1993:374 [ref. 22077], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977], Fricke 2000:38 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3571 [ref. 26292], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:64 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872]). •Valid as Orbonymus rameus (McCulloch 1926) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1586 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus rameus (McCulloch 1926). Callionymidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

randalli, Diplogrammus (Climacogrammus) Fricke [R.] 1983:518, Fig. 155 [Theses Zoologicae v. 3; ref. 8349] Eilat, Israel, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Holotype: HUJ 6673. Paratypes: BPBM 18186 (1), 18304 (1), 19882 (1); HUJ 5230 (1), 8069 (1), 8072-73 (1, 4), 8084 (1), 10462 (5), 10464-65 (1, 3 or 5), 10815 or 10518 (1); TAU [= SMNHTAU] P 7728 (4), P. 8136 (1). Type catalog: Golani 2006:33-34 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Diplogrammus randalli Fricke 1983 -- (Goren & Dor 1994:62 [ref. 25356], Fricke 2002:48 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:7, 21 [ref. 33363], Fricke et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33442], Fricke et al. 2016:408 [ref. 34134], Seyhan et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35053], Fricke & Ordines 2017:166, 169 [ref. 35468], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:145 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Diplogrammus randalli Fricke 1983. Callionymidae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic; eastern Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

randalli, Synchiropus Clark [G. T.] & Fricke [R.] 1985:539, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 98 (no. 3); ref. 8172] West coast off southern end of Hanga Roa, Easter Island, 27°09.5'S, 109°27'W, southeastern Pacific, depth 12 meters. Holotype: BPBM 6754. Paratypes: BPBM 26409 (1), USNM 221485 (1). •Valid as Synchiropus randalli Clark & Fricke 1985 -- (Pequeño 1989:66 [ref. 14125], Fricke 2002:64 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus randalli Clark & Fricke 1985. Callionymidae. Distribution: Chile. Habitat: marine.

recurvispinnis, Calliurichthys Li [S.-C.] 1966:171 [English 175], Fig. 3 [Acta Zoologica Sinica v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 19747] Swamei, Kwangtung, China. Holotype: ASZIB [now NZMC] 44428 [ex 56-8793]. Paratypes: ASZIB [now NZMC] out of Field numbers 30083-1 (1), 30083-2 (1), 30084 (1), 33486-87 (1, 1), 33489 (1), 33491-92 (1, 1), 53-607-6 (1), 56-7159 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432], Zhang 1996:502 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:102 [ref. 33808]. •Synonym of Callionymus belcheri Richardson 1844 -- (Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2001:3556 [ref. 26292]). •Synonym of Callionymus belcheri Richardson 1844, but a valid subspecies -- (Fricke 1983:316 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2002:13 [ref. 26547], Yoshida et al. 2013:185 [ref. 34464] in genus Repomucenus). •Valid as Callionymus recurvispinnis (Li 1966) -- (Ng & Rainboth 2011:67 [ref. 31577], Ye et al. 2015:102 [ref. 33808]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus recurvispinnis (Li 1966). Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Bay of Bengal (India) east to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

reevesii, Callionymus Richardson [J.] 1844:60, Pl. 36 (fig. 1-4) [Ichthyology.--Part 1. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur; ref. 3739] China Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432]. Type information: Whitehead 1970:216 [ref. 11606]. Original description was based on two species, Callionymus curvicornis Valenciennes 1837 and Callionymus japonicus Houttuyn 1782 (see Fricke 2002:17, 26 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Callionymus japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:211 [ref. 7348], Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:381 [ref. 8349], Lee & Kim 1993:6 [ref. 23164], Fricke & Quang 2018:443 [ref. 35976]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus japonicus Houttuyn 1782. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

regani, Callionymus Nakabo [T.] 1979:231, Figs. 1 (A-F) [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 26 (no. 3); ref. 8800] Saya de Malha Bank, 11°16'S, 61°02'E, depth 148 meters. Holotype: HUMZ 72408. Paratypes: HUMZ 72325 (1), 72359 (1), 72405 [or 42405] (1), 72407 [or 42407] (1), 73395 (1), 73448 [or 43448] (1), 73449 [or 43449] (1), 73681 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432] but with some difference from original description. May use Callionymus or Bathycallionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Callionymus regani Nakabo 1979 -- (Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:250 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:38 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:7 [ref. 28872], Fricke et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33442], Fricke et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:47 [ref. 34468]). •Valid as Bathycallionymus regani (Nakabo 1979) -- (Prokofiev 2017:656? [ref. 35721]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus regani Nakabo 1979. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Saya de Malha Bank and Mascarene Plateau. Habitat: marine.

reticulatus, Callionymus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:284 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Malaga, Spain, western Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1528 (poor condition). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:107 [ref. 21539]. •Valid as Callionymus reticulatus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Wheeler 1973:517 [ref. 7190], Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432], Fricke in Whitehead et al. 1986:1090 [ref. 13677], Santos et al. 1997:128 [ref. 23531], Fricke 2002:38 [ref. 26547], Fricke in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2819 [ref. 34618], Fricke & Ordines 2017:165, 169 [ref. 35468]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus reticulatus Valenciennes 1837. Callionymidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: southern Norway to Sahara. Habitat: brackish, marine.

rhodonotus, Synchiropus Fowler [H. W.] 1946:196, Fig. 61 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 98; ref. 1456] Aguni Shima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: ANSP 72071. Paratypes: ANSP 72072-75 (4). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Böhlke 1984:32 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770) -- (Fricke 1981:91 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:637 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:61 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:9 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

richardsonii, Callionymus Bleeker [P.] 1854:414 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 13964] Nagasaki, Japan. Syntypes: RMNH 6216 (3). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:60 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Callionymus punctatus Richardson 1846 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:218 [ref. 7348]). •Synonym of Callionymus curvicornis Valenciennes 1837 -- (Fricke 1982:60 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:116 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:17 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Callionymus richardsoni Bleeker 1854 -- (Feng in Kuang et al. 1986:258 [ref. 26639], Cheng & Zhou 1997:342 [ref. 26385], Wang et al. 2001:252 [ref. 26566]). •Valid as Repomucenus richardsonii (Bleeker 1854) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:345 [ref. 6441], Sato et al. 1998:40 [ref. 24972], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:238 [ref. 25480], Shimizu 2001:37 [ref. 25799], Kottelat 2013:386 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Repomucenus curvicornis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Lee & Kim 1993:14 [ref. 23164]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus curvicornis Valenciennes 1837. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

richeri, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 2000:39, Fig. 19 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 617; ref. 25197] Grande Terre, eastern slope, 30 kilometers east of Thio, 21°43'03"S, 166°38'34.2"E, New Caledonia, depth 565 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1999-1253. Paratypes: SMNS 21281 (4). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:23 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Synchiropus richeri Fricke 2000 -- (Fricke 2002:64 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus richeri Fricke 2000. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Caledonia (Grande Terre) endemic. Habitat: marine.

risso, Callionymus Lesueur [C. A.] 1814:5, Figs. 16, 16a-b [Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris [Sér. 3][v. 1] (for Dec. 1812); ref. 17508] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-1540 (1), 0000-1542 to 1544 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:107 [ref. 21539]. •Valid as Callionymus risso Lesueur 1814 -- (Wheeler 1973:518 [ref. 7190], Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432] as rissoi, Fricke in Whitehead et al. 1986:1091 [ref. 13677], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:128 [ref. 26753], Fricke 2002:38 [ref. 26547], Parin 2003:S24 [ref. 28536], Fricke et al. 2007:101 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:140 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:173 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:61 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2015:473 [ref. 33547], Fricke in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2820 [ref. 34618], Fricke & Ordines 2017:165, 169 [ref. 35468], Artüz & Fricke 2019:559 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus risso Lesueur 1814. Callionymidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: southern Spain and Portugal. Habitat: brackish, marine.

rivatoni, Callionymus gardineri Fricke [R.] 1993:365, Fig. 1A-C [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 158; ref. 22077] Baie de Saint Vincent, New Caledonia, 22°05'S, 166°10'E, depth 15 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1993-0120. Paratypes: MNHN 1993-0119 (1); SMNS 12271-72 (1, 1). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:6 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:20 [ref. 29864]. •Synonym of Callionymus gardineri Regan 1908, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Fricke 1998:8 [ref. 23952], Fricke 1999:493 [ref. 24106]). •Valid as Callionymus rivatoni Fricke 1993 -- (Fricke 2000:19 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:39 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:13 [ref. 28872], Fricke 2017:185 [ref. 35548] in subgenus Margaretichthys). Current status: Valid as Callionymus rivatoni Fricke 1993. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Caledonia (Chesterfield Islands, Récifs d'Entrecasteaux, Grande Terre, Ile des Pins). Habitat: marine.

rosulentus, Synchiropus Randall [J. E.] 1999:200, Pl. IG,H [Pacific Science v. 53 (no. 2); ref. 24082] Off Sampan Channel to Kaneohe Bay, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 12 meters. Holotype: BPBM 37260. Paratypes: AMS I.38795-001 (2); BPBM 34807 (1), 36806 (1), 37123 (1), 37613 (4), 37855 (1), 38397-99 (1, 1, 1); NSMT-P 55041 (2); SMNS 20269 (2); USNM 348991 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:23 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Synchiropus rosulentus Randall 1999 -- (Fricke 2002:65 [ref. 26547], Mundy 2005:469 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:388 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus rosulentus Randall 1999. Callionymidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll, Hawaiian Ridge and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

rubrovinctus, Callionymus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:650, Fig. 252 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Between Maui Island and Lanai Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3876, depth 28-43 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51580. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8567 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:103 [ref. 12291], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432]. May use Synchiropus or Neosynchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Neosynchiropus rubrovinctus (Gilbert 1905) -- (Nakabo & Aizawa 1991 [ref. 20442]). •Valid as Synchiropus rubrovinctus (Gilbert 1905) -- (Fricke 1981:139 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:660 [ref. 8349], Randall 1999:204 [ref. 24082], Fricke 2002:65 [ref. 26547], Mundy 2005:469 [ref. 28379], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:348 [ref. 28867], Fricke 2006:11 [ref. 28872], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872], Randall 2007:389 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus rubrovinctus (Gilbert 1905). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western and central North Pacific: southern Japan, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

russelli, Callionymus Johnson [C. R.] 1976:346, Pl. 1; Figs. 1-2 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 58 (no. 4); ref. 7342] 10 kilometers east of Scarborough, Queensland, Australia, depth 14-16 meters. Holotype: CAS 31860. Paratypes: CAS 31861-64 (10, 1, 1, 1), QM I.17254 (3). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432]. May use Callionymus or Repomucenus; authors differ. •Valid as Repomucenus russelli (Johnson 1976) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1591 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:184 [ref. 32988]). •Valid as Callionymus russelli Johnson 1976 -- (Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:253 [ref. 8349], Larson & Williams 1997:367 [ref. 23967], Johnson 1999:747 [ref. 25471], Fricke 2001:3565 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:39 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:63 [ref. 34390], Fricke 2016:52 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:22 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus russelli Johnson 1976. Callionymidae. Distribution: Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

sagitta, Callionymus Pallas [P. S.] 1770:29, Pl. 4 (figs. 4-5) [Spicilegia Zoologica v. 1 (fasc. 8); ref. 12293] Mouth of Hooghli River, Sundarbans, Bengal Province, India, about 21°50'N, 88°00'E. Neotype: CAS-SU 41392. Neotype designated in Opinion 1388; name placed on Official List. Neotype described (Nakabo et al. 1991 [ref. 20070]). •Valid as Callionymus sagitta Pallas 1770 -- (Fricke 1982:66 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:258 [ref. 8349], Rainboth 1996:193 [ref. 22772], Fricke 1999:490 [ref. 24106], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3566 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:39 [ref. 26547], Ng & Rainboth 2011:67 [ref. 31577], Ng 2012:32 [ref. 31795]). •Valid as Repomucenus sagitta (Pallas 1770) -- (Nakabo et al. 1991:255 [ref. 20070], Lee & Kim 1993:17 [ref. 23164], Youn 2002:390, 654 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Kottelat 2013:386 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus sagitta Pallas 1770. Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sanctaehelenae, Callionymus (Callionymus) Fricke [R.] 1983:393, Fig. 1 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 84; ref. 8348] Off Sugarloaf, Saint Helena Island, South Atlantic, depth 20-30 fathoms. Holotype: ZMUC P64165. May use Paradiplogrammus or Callionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Callionymus sanctaehelenae Fricke 1983 -- (Edwards & Glass 1987:658 [ref. 9166], Davis & Fricke 1990:922 [ref. 19375]). •Synonym of Callionymus bairdi Jordan 1888 -- (Fricke 2002:12 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Paradiplogrammus bairdi (Jordan 1888). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus bairdi Jordan 1888. Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: St. Helena Island. Habitat: marine.

sanctieustatii, Callionymus Metzelaar [J.] 1919:150, Fig. 47 [Report on the fishes; ref. 2982] St. Eustatius, West Indies. Holotype (unique): ZMA 112906. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:96 [ref. 19236]. Species originally spelled as sancti-eustatii. May use Paradiplogrammus or Callionymus; authors differ. •Synonym of Callionymus bairdi Jordan 1888 -- (Fricke 1982:59 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:12 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Paradiplogrammus bairdi (Jordan 1888). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus bairdi Jordan 1888. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

scaber, Callionymus (Calliurichthys) japonicus var. McCulloch [A. R.] 1926:197 [Biological Results Endeavour v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2947] Lord Howe Island, 31°33'S, 159°05'E. Lectotype: AMS I.4079. Paralectotypes: AMS I.3122 (1), I.5133 (1), I.9282 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Callionymus japonicus Houttuyn 1782 -- (Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432]). •Synonym of Callionymus japonicus Houttuyn 1782, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Fricke 1983:392 [ref. 8349]). •Valid as Callionymus scaber McCulloch 1926 -- (Fricke 2000:20 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2002:40 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2002:11 [ref. 26582], Fricke & Quang 2018:444 [ref. 35976]). •Valid as Calliurichthys scaber (McCulloch 1926) -- (Paulin et al. 1989:223 [ref. 24556], Hoese & Bray 2006:1581 [ref. 29000], Struthers 2015:1557 [ref. 34302] as cf. scaber). Current status: Valid as Callionymus scaber McCulloch 1926. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Lord Howe Island, Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

scabriceps, Callionymus Fowler [H. W.] 1941:4, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 90 (no. 3106); ref. 1439] Jolo, Jolo Islands, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 99406. Paratypes: USNM 99407 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus scabriceps Fowler 1941 -- (Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:433 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:40 [ref. 26547], Allen & Erdmann 2012:847 [ref. 32980]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus scabriceps Fowler 1941. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

schaapii, Callionymus Bleeker [P.] 1852:455 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 3); ref. 16828] Bangka, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): not identifiable. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1867.11.28.285 (1) Indonesia. Genus originally as Callionijmus, the Dutch ij being equivalent to y in Latin. Bleeker's unpublished illustration reproduced in Boeseman 1983:v. 11, Pl. 424, fig. 5 [ref. 12564], Callionymus schaapii. •Valid as Repomucenus schaapii (Bleeker 1852) -- (Shibukawa 2009:256 [ref. 30449]). •Valid as Callionymus schaapii Bleeker 1852 -- (Fricke 1982:66 [ref. 5432] and Fricke 1983:266 [ref. 8349] as schaapi, Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:40 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830] as schappi, Ng & Rainboth 2011:67 [ref. 31577], Ng 2012:34 [ref. 31795], Motomura et al. 2017:195 [ref. 35490] as schaapi). Current status: Valid as Callionymus schaapii Bleeker 1852. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and Andaman Sea (eastern Indian Ocean). Habitat: marine.

schillinus, Callionymus Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 115 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Genus misspelled Calionymus; not available, Chiereghini name synonymized with Callionymus belennus [= belenus] Risso 1827. •In the synonymy of Callionymus risso Lesueur 1814 -- (Fricke 2002:38 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus risso Lesueur 1814. Callionymidae.

sechellensis, Synchiropus Regan [C. T.] 1908:249, Pl. 30 (fig. 1) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Seychelles, western Indian Ocean, depth 37 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.3.23.265-266 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432]. May use Synchiropus or Neosynchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus sechellensis Regan 1908 -- (Fricke 1981:84 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:662 [ref. 8349], Dor 1984:236 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:62 [ref. 25356], Fricke 2000:41 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2002:65 [ref. 26547], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872], Gökoğlu et al. 2014:440 [ref. 33365], Fricke 2016:11 [ref. 34659], Fricke & Ordines 2017:166, 169 [ref. 35468], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[21] 259 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:146 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus sechellensis Regan 1908. Callionymidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden and Somalia to Maldives and Seychelles; Chesterfield Islands to Grande Terre Group (New Caledonia). Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

semeiophor, Callionymus (Callionymus) Fricke [R.] 1983:745, Fig. A2 [Theses Zoologicae v. 3; ref. 8349] Saleh Bay, Sumbawa Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia, depth 50-150 meters. Holotype: NTM S.10764-001. Paratypes: NTM S.10760-002 (1). •Valid as Callionymus semeiophor Fricke 1983 -- (Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:40 [ref. 26547], Fricke & Golani 2013:279 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:12, 14 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:46, 48 [ref. 34468]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus semeiophor Fricke 1983. Callionymidae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

sereti, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 1998:6, Fig. 2 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 567; ref. 23952] Futuna Island shelf, 14°19'30"S, 178°04'18"W, depth 245-400 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1995-0523. Paratypes: SMNS 18824 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:21 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Callionymus sereti Fricke 1998 -- (Fricke 2002:41 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus sereti Fricke 1998. Callionymidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Wallis and Futuna. Habitat: marine.

serratospinosus, Callionymus Gray [J. E.] 1835:no page number, Pl. 90 (figs. 3, 3a-b) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] India. No types known. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:66 [ref. 5432]. Published about 20 Feb. 1835. Originally as serrato-spinosus. •Synonym of Callionymus sagitta Pallas 1770 -- (Fricke 1982:66 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:260 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:39 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Repomucenus sagitta (Pallas 1770) -- (Lee & Kim 1993:18 [ref. 23164], Kottelat 2013:386 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus sagitta Pallas 1770. Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

shango, Pogonymus Davis [W. P.] & Robins [C. R.] 1966:107, Figs. 1-3 [Studies in Tropical Oceanography (Miami) No. 4 (pt 1); ref. 9028] Beach at the west side of the west jetty at the entrance to the harbor of Lagos, Nigeria. Holotype: ANSP 103409. Paratypes: ANSP 103410 (4), 103411 (2, c&s); BMNH 1966.2.15.1 (1); USNM 199728 (14, now 12). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432], Böhlke 1984:33 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Draculo shango (Davis & Robins 1966) -- (Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432], Davis & Fricke 1990:922 [ref. 19375], Fricke 2002:50 [ref. 26547], Fricke in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2820 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Draculo shango (Davis & Robins 1966). Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Nigeria to Cameroon. Habitat: marine.

shoe, Synchiropus Okada [Y.] & Ikeda [H.] 1937:90, Figs. 4-5 [Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan v. 7; ref. 17211] Kowan, Okinawa Island, Okinawa Prefecture, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: Okada coll. spec. 2298 (lost). Paratypes: YCM-P 31084 [ex Okada coll. 2299] (1), Okada coll. spec. 3000-01 (2, lost). Type catalog: Hayashi 1995 [ref. 22717], Shibata et al. 2011:18 [ref. 31469]. •Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770) -- (Fricke 1981:91 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:637 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:61 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:9 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

signipinnis, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 2000:43, Fig. 21 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 617; ref. 25197] Chesterfield Islands, Coral Sea, 19°43'48"S, 158°35'15"E, depth 348 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1999-1252. Paratypes: SMNS 21271 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:23 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Synchiropus signipinnis Fricke 2000 -- (Fricke 2002:66 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus signipinnis Fricke 2000. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

simplicicornis, Callionymus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:303 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1518. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:107 [ref. 21539]. •Valid as Pseudocalliurichthys simplicicornis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1588 [ref. 29000], Allen & Erdmann 2012:847 [ref. 31980] ). •Valid as Callionymus simplicicornis Valenciennes 1837 -- (Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:437 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1989:53 [ref. 15489], Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:19 [ref. 25806], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:41 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:508 [ref. 28239], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus simplicicornis Valenciennes 1837. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines and Indonesia, Micronesia to Sociey Islands and Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

sokonumeri, Callionymus Kamohara [T.] 1936:448, Fig. 2 [Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses v. 15 (no. 4); ref. 13706] Kochi Prefecture, Japan, depth 80 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BSKU (apparently destroyed in 1945). Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:8-9 [ref. 19282], Fricke 1982:66 [ref. 5432]. May use Callionymus or Bathycallionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Bathycallionymus sokonumeri (Kamohara 1936) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:343 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1125 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:330 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1125 [ref. 26193]). •Valid as Callionymus sokonumeri Kamohara 1936 -- (Fricke 1982:66 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:272 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:41 [ref. 26547], Fricke & Golani 2013:279 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:47 [ref. 34468]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus sokonumeri Kamohara 1936. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

sousai, Callionymus Maul [G. E.] 1972:1, Figs. 1-2, 4a [Bocagiana. Museu Municipal do Funchal (História Natural) No. 30; ref. 7627] Great Meteor Bank, Meteor station 180 a, 30°01.1'N, 28°24'W, depth 315-320 meters. Holotype: MMF 22877. Paratypes: MMF 22389 (1), MMF 22843a-b (1, 1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:66 [ref. 5432] with MMF 22843 and 22483 instead of 22843a and b. •Valid as Callionymus sousai Maul 1972 -- (Fricke 1982:66 [ref. 5432]). •Valid as Protogrammus sousai (Maul 1972) -- (Fricke 1985 [ref. 4952], Fricke in Whitehead et al. 1986:1092 [ref. 13677], Davis & Fricke 1990:923 [ref. 19375], Fricke 2002:51 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:7 [ref. 28872], Farias et al. 2016:5 [ref. 34167], Fricke in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2822 [ref. 34618], Fricke & Ordines 2017:166 [ref. 35468], Fricke & Ordines 2017:290 [ref. 35611]). Current status: Valid as Protogrammus sousai (Maul 1972). Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Great Meteor Seamount. Habitat: marine.

sphinx, Callionymus Fricke [R.] & Heckele [U.] 1984:368, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 30 (no. 4); ref. 8228] Shoal Bay, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): NTM S10183-001. •Valid as Callionymus sphinx Fricke & Heckele 1984 -- (Larson & Williams 1997:367 [ref. 23967], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292] as sphynx, Fricke 2002:42 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Repomucenus sphinx (Fricke & Heckele 1984) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1591 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:184 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus sphinx Fricke & Heckele 1984. Callionymidae. Distribution: Northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

spiniceps, Callionymus Regan [C. T.] 1908:249, Pl. 30 (fig. 4) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Amirante, Seychelles, depth over 30 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.3.23.262. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus spiniceps Regan 1908 -- (Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:476 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:42 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:63 [ref. 34390]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus spiniceps Regan 1908. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Seychelles. Habitat: marine.

splendidus, Callionymus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:416, Pl. 2 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 32 (no. 3); ref. 2102] Bungau, Philippines, depth 2 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BSMP (presumed destroyed). Genus misspelled Gallionymus in main heading; correctly as Callionymus on figure. May use Synchiropus or Pterosynchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Pterosynchiropus splendidus (Herre 1927) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:344 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1128 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1128 [ref. 26193], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:173 [ref. 27510], Hoese & Bray 2006:1588 [ref. 29000]). •Valid as Synchiropus splendidus (Herre 1927) -- (Fricke 1981:127 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:668 [ref. 8349], Randall et al. 1990:389 [ref. 15987], Fricke 1993:374 [ref. 22077], Allen 1997:214 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:342 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:389 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:490 [ref. 24106], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:401 [ref. 25191], Fricke 2000:45 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:66 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:510 [ref. 28239], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872], Allen & Erdmann 2012:854 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33932], Fricke 2016:51 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:21 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus splendidus (Herre 1927). Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia east to Palau, Micronesia and Solomon Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

springeri, Synchiropus (Synchiropus) Fricke [R.] 1983:673, Fig. 208 [Theses Zoologicae v. 3; ref. 8349] South side of channel at northeastern end of Malolo Island barrier reef, Fiji Islands, 17°45'S, 177°04'E, depth 0-20 meters. Holotype: USNM 235725. Paratypes: USNM 246705 (2). •Valid as Synchiropus springeri Fricke 1983 -- (Fricke 2000:46 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:66 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872], Allen & Erdmann 2012:854 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus springeri Fricke 1983. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New CAledonia, Loyalty Islands, Rotuma and Fiji. Habitat: marine.

stellatus, Synchiropus Smith [J. L. B.] 1963:559, Pl. 85 (figs. A-B) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 28; ref. 4129] Pinda, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 167 or 162. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 1000-01 (1, 1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432]. Neosynchiropus Nakabo 1982 is preoccupied by Neosynchiropus Nalbant 1979 in the same family. •Valid as Neosynchiropus [sic, of Nakabo] stellatus (Smith 1963) -- (Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:392 [ref. 28072]). •Valid as Synchiropus stellatus Smith 1963 -- (Fricke 1981:107 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:677 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1986:774 [ref. 5653], Randall et al. 1990:389 [ref. 15987], Randall 1995:353 [ref. 22896], Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:494 [ref. 24106], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:67 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Randall 2005:509 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1585 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:97 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:855 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:50 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:9 [ref. 34659], Fricke et al. 2018:316 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus stellatus Smith 1963. Callionymidae. Distribution: East and South Africa, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to western Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

stigmapteron, Callionymus Smith [J. L. B.] 1963:555, Pl. 86 (fig. A), Fig. 4 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 28; ref. 4129] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 152. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 152 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Callionymus filamentosus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Fricke 1982:68 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:348 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1986:771 [ref. 5653], Fricke 2001:3557 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:21 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus filamentosus Valenciennes 1837. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

stigmatopareius, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 1981:161, Pl.; Figs. 1-2 [Journal of Natural History v. 15 (no. 1) (for Jan.-Feb. 1981); ref. 8602] Lumbo, Mozambique. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1920.3.8.86. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:66 [ref. 5432]. Name misspelled once in caption to Fig. 1. May use Paradiplogrammus or Callionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Callionymus stigmatopareius Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:66 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:276 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:42 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33442]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus stigmatopareius Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sublaevis, Callionymus limiceps var. McCulloch [A. R.] 1926:204 [Biological Results Endeavour v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2947] Near Cape Capricorn, Queensland, Australia, depth 13-16 fathoms. Syntypes: AMS E.6715 (1), IA.1727 [ex ASM E.6499] (1). •Valid as Callionymus sublaevis McCulloch 1926 -- (Fricke 1982:66 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:279 [ref. 8349], Larson & Williams 1997:367 [ref. 23967], Johnson 1999:747 [ref. 25471], Fricke 2001:3567 [ref. 26292], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:42 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Repomucenus sublaevis (McCulloch 1926) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1591 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:184 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus sublaevis McCulloch 1926. Callionymidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

sueurii, Callionymus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:291 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN A-1545 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432]. New name for Callionymus elegans Lesueur 1814. •Synonym of Callionymus risso Lesueur 1814 -- (Fricke 1982:65 [ref. 5432] as rissoi, Fricke 2002:38 [ref. 26547] [in part]). •Synonym of Callionymus lyra Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1973:516 [ref. 7190], Davis & Fricke 1990:921 [ref. 19375]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus lyra Linnaeus 1758. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

superbus, Callionymus (Calliurichthys) Fricke [R.] 1983:442, Fig. 131 [Theses Zoologicae v. 3; ref. 8349] Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: RMNH 6219. Paratypes: NTM uncat. (1), RMNH 28787 (4), SMNS 8561 [ex Fricke coll.] (1), ZMB 12482 (1). Type catalog: Fricke & Paepke 1992:97 [ref. 20293], Fricke 1995:7 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:21 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Callionymus superbus Fricke 1983 -- (Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:43 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:847 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus superbus Fricke 1983. Callionymidae. Distribution: Indonesia, (?) Singapore. Habitat: marine.

sycorax, Synchiropus Tea [Y.-K.] & Gill [A. C.] 2016:86, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa 4173 (no. 1); ref. 34800] Jolo Island, Sulu Archipelago, Philippines. Holotype: AMS I.47200-001. Paratypes: AMS, CAS, USNM, ZRC. •Valid as Synchiropus sycorax Tea & Gill 2016. Current status: Valid as Synchiropus sycorax Tea & Gill 2016. Callionymidae. Distribution: Jolo Island, Philippines. Habitat: marine.

taeniatus, Callionymus Gill [T. N.] 1859:129 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 11; ref. 1761] China. •Questionably valid -- (Fricke 1982:66 [ref. 5432]). Current status: Uncertain as Callionymus taeniatus Gill 1859. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

talarae, Synchiropus Hildebrand [S. F.] & Barton [O.] 1949:21, Fig. 6 [Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections v. 111 (no. 10); ref. 13015] Talara, Peru. Holotype (unique): USNM 144258. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:74 [ref. 5432]. May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus talarae Hildebrand & Barton 1949 -- (Fricke 1982:74 [ref. 5432] as talaarae, Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:231, 266 [ref. 24555]). •Synonym of Synchiropus atrilabiatus (Garman 1899) -- (Fricke 1981:33 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1983:567 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:52 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus talarae (Hildebrand & Barton 1949) -- (Nakabo & Hartel 1999:114 [ref. 23704]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus talarae Hildebrand & Barton 1949. Callionymidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

tentaculata, Anaora Gray [J. E.] 1835:no page number, Pl. 90 (fig. 1) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:58 [ref. 5432]. Published about 20 Feb. 1835. As Amora on plate examined (2 copies), as Anaora in list of figures; Jordan 1919:179 [ref. 2410] regarded Amora as a misspelling; Sawyer 1953:54 [ref. 6842] lists only Amora. In footnote to list of plates (1835) it is stated, "In some copies a few of the names on the Plates are incorrectly printed but these are corrected in this list,..." That list uses Anaora, and in the case of Plate 90, the plate was apparently issued as the same time as the list of plates [the "list" is technically, "Directions for arranging the plates, of the numbers XI. to XX."]. •Valid as Anaora tentaculata Gray 1835 -- (Fricke 1982:57 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1982:58 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:49 [ref. 8349], Nakabo 1982:108 [ref. 3139], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:345 [ref. 6441], Allen 1997:214 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:231 [ref. 23965], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1131 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:117 [ref. 25868], Fricke 2001:3554 [ref. 26292], Nakabo 2002:1131 [ref. 26193], Fricke 2002:9 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:55 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:172 [ref. 27510], Hoese & Bray 2006:1579 [ref. 29000], Allen & Erdmann 2012:843 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:153 [ref. 33932], Fricke 2016:49 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:20 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:182 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Anaora tentaculata Gray 1835. Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: eastern Indonesia to Guam and Yap, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

tentaculatus, Synchiropus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1928:33, Pl. 1 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 35 (no. 1); ref. 10964] Puerto Galera, Mindoro, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 7302 (presumed destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP (1) presumed destroyed. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:58 [ref. 5432]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Anaora tentaculata Gray 1835 when both are in Anaora, replaced by Anaora fowleri Herre 1953. •Subjective synonym of Anaora tentaculata Gray 1835 -- (Fricke 1982:58 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:9 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Anaora tentaculata Gray 1835. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

tenuis, Callionymus (Calliurichthys) Fricke [R.] 1981:387, Fig. 1 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 83; ref. 8601] South Nilandu Atoll, Maldives, Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): FMNH 78916. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:20 [ref. 12367]. May use Pseudocalliurichthys or Callionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Callionymus tenuis Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:449 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:43 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33442]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus tenuis Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Maldives. Habitat: marine.

tethys, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 1993:369, Fig. 2A-C [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 158; ref. 22077] 38 kilometers south-southeast of Nouméa, New Caledonia, 22°37'54"S, 166°41'06"E, Logan station 230, depth 35 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1993-0136. Paratypes: MNHN 1993-000 (1), 1993-0124 to 0125 and 0127-0135 (12, 1 ea. lot); SMNS 12266-69 (1, 2, 1, 4). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:7 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:21 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Callionymus tethys Fricke 1993 -- (Fricke 2000:24 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:43 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:13 [ref. 28872]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus tethys Fricke 1993. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

tsukawakii, Tonlesapia Motomura [H.] & Mukai [T.] 2006:47, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 17 (no. 1); ref. 28634] Northwestern part of Lake Tonle Sap, near Siem Reap, Cambodia, depth less than 1 meter. Holotype: AMS I.43624-001. Paratypes: AMS I.43625-001 (1), I.43625-002 (1); CSIRO H 6249-01 (1). •Valid as Tonlesapia tsukawakii Motomura & Mukai 2006 -- (Ng & Rainboth 2011:62 [ref. 31577], Kottelat 2013:386 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Tonlesapia tsukawakii Motomura & Mukai 2006. Callionymidae. Distribution: Lake Tonle Sap, Cambodia. Habitat: freshwater.

tudorjonesi, Synchiropus Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2012:10, Figs. 1-2 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 31759] Oceanic patch reef, 2°25.830'S, 134°54.409'E, north of Tridacna Atoll, Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua Province, Indonesia, depth 70 meters. Holotype: MZB 20019. Paratypes: MZB 20020 (1); WAM P.33357-001 (1), P.33368-002 (1). •Valid as Synchiropus tudorjonesi Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:853 [ref. 31980], Fricke 2016:50 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:12 [ref. 34659], Tea & Gill 2016:90 [ref. 34800]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus tudorjonesi Allen & Erdmann 2012. Callionymidae. Distribution: West Papua and Bali, Indonesia and New Guinea: Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands and southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

umbrithorax, Callionymus Fowler [H. W.] 1941:3, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 90 (no. 3106); ref. 1439] Off Cliff Island, Malampaya Sound, Palawan Island, Philippines, 10°50'N, 119°22'03"E. Albatross station D.5345, depth 7 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 99433. Paratypes: USNM 99434 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:66 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus umbrithorax Fowler 1941 -- (Fricke 1982:66 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:284 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:44 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus umbrithorax Fowler 1941. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

usuiro, Callionymus lunatus form Kuroda [N.] 1952:174, Fig. 6 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 61 (no. 6); ref. 19727] Off Shige, Numazu, Shizuoka Prefecture, Hondo, Japan. Holotype: Kuroda coll. (apparently lost). Appeared first in Kuroda 1951:394 [ref. 21454] as name and locality (unavailable); available from 1952 even though as a form [before 1960]. •Synonym of Callionymus lunatus Temminck & Schlegel 1845 -- (Fricke 1983:189 [ref. 8349] but on 1951:394, Fricke 2002:28 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus lunatus Temminck & Schlegel 1845. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

valdiviae, Callionymus Trunov [I. A.] 1981:59, Fig. 4 [Byulleten Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii [Bulletin of the Moscow Society of Naturalists Biological Series] v. 86 (no. 5); ref. 8532] Southeastern Atlantic, 26°13'S, 6°19'E, depth 235 meters. Holotype (unique): ZIN 45302. Non-types, not mentioned in original description: ZIN 45303 (1). May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Synonym of Synchiropus agassizii (Goode & Bean 1888) -- (Davis & Fricke 1990:923 [ref. 19375] as agassizi). •Valid as Foetorepus valdiviae (Trunov 1981) -- (Nakabo & Hartel 1999:114 [ref. 23704]). •Valid as Synchiropus valdiviae (Trunov 1981) -- (Fricke 2002:67 [ref. 26547], Anderson et al. 2005:28 [ref. 28396], Fricke in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2823 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus valdiviae (Trunov 1981). Callionymidae. Distribution: Walvis Ridge and Tristan da Cunha, southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

valenciennei, Callionymus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1845:153, Pl. 78 (fig. 3) [Fauna Japonica Parts 7-9; ref. 4373] Nagasaki Bay, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 2078. Paralectotypes: RMNH D1011 (1, stuffed), D1013 (1, dry), 2074 (1), 2079 (2). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:132 [ref. 12876]. Paralectotypes are identified as Callionymus curvicornis Valenciennes 1837 by Fricke 1982:60 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:116 [ref. 8349], and Fricke 2002:17 [ref. 26547]. •Valid as Callionymus valenciennei Temminck & Schlegel 1845 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:224 [ref. 7348], Fricke 1982:66 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:287 [ref. 8349], Nakabo et al. 1991:261 [ref. 20070], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2002:17 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2002:44 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Repomucenus valenciennei (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:345 [ref. 6441], Lee & Kim 1993:17 [ref. 23164], Nakabo 2000:1137 [ref. 25182], Shimizu 2001:37 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:1137 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:390, 654 [ref. 26218], Iwatsubo & Motomura 2010:72 [ref. 31555]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus valenciennei Temminck & Schlegel 1845. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

variegatus, Callionymus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1845:153 [Fauna Japonica Parts 7-9; ref. 4373] Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 2096. Paralectotypes: ?RMNH 2074 (1), 2097 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:131 [ref. 12876]. Paralectotype (RMNH 2097) referred to Callionymus doryssus (Jordan & Fowler 1903) by Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432] and Fricke 2002:18 [ref. 26547]. •Valid as Callionymus variegatus Temminck & Schlegel 1845 -- (Fricke 1982:70 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:451 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:44 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Pseudocalliurichthys variegatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:344 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1135 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1135 [ref. 26193], Iwatsubo & Motomura 2010:70 [ref. 31555]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus variegatus Temminck & Schlegel 1845. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Taiwan to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

vietnamensis, Callionymus Fricke [R.] & Quang [V. V.] 2018:445, Figs. 2-3 [FishTaxa v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 35976] Ca. 149 km southeast of Côn Đảo Islands, South China Sea, Bến Tre Province, Vietnam, 7°44'21"N, 107°51'03"E - 7°37'32"N, 107°38'36"E, depth 60-68 meters. Holotype: SMF 35959. Paratypes: SMF, VNMN. •Valid as Callionymus vietnamensis Fricke & Quang 2018. Current status: Valid as Callionymus vietnamensis Fricke & Quang 2018. Callionymidae. Distribution: South China Sea off southern Vietnam. Habitat: marine.

virgis, Callionymus Jordan [D. S.] & Fowler [H. W.] 1903:957, Fig. 9 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 25 (no. 1305); ref. 2462] Misaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 7189. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:104 [ref. 12291], Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Callionymus virgis Jordan & Fowler 1903 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:224 [ref. 7348], Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:293 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:44 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Repomucenus virgis (Jordan & Fowler 1903) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:344 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1136 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:331 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1136 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:390, 654 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:438 [ref. 28370], Iwatsubo & Motomura 2010:72 [ref. 31555]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus virgis Jordan & Fowler 1903. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Taiwan to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

vittatus, Callionymus de Beaufort [L. F.] in Weber & de Beaufort 1951:67 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 9; ref. 16097] Regarded as not available, not used as a valid taxon. •In the synonymy of Callionymus bleekeri Fricke 1983 -- (Fricke 2002:14 [ref. 26547] with author and date as Schlegel 1951). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus bleekeri Fricke 1983. Callionymidae.

whiteheadi, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 1981:360, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 42 (no. 14); ref. 8481] Off Bali, Indonesia, 8°50'S, 114°14'E, Indian Ocean coast. Holotype: BMNH 1980.6.20.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1980.11.25.2 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432]. May use Callionymus or Bathycallionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Callionymus whiteheadi Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:297 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:45 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:7 [ref. 28872], Fricke & Golani 2013:279 [ref. 32697], Fricke et al. 2014:13 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:48 [ref. 34468]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus whiteheadi Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

wilburi, Callionymus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:431 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Waigeo Island, Indonesia. Holotype: FMNH 17491. Paratypes: FMNH 17492 (1), CAS-SU 26393 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:104 [ref. 12291], Fricke 1982:61 [ref. 5432], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:20 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Callionymus enneactis Bleeker 1879 -- (Fricke 1982:61 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:123 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:19 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus enneactis Bleeker 1879. Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

xanthosemeion, Calliurichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1925:18 [Bulletin of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum No. 22; ref. 15538] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: BPBM 3412. Paratypes: (2) ANSP (1, not found), BPBM (1, not found), USNM 109401 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432], Böhlke 1984:33 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Callionymus simplicicornis Valenciennes 1837 -- (Fricke 1982:69 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:437 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:41 [ref. 26547], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus simplicicornis Valenciennes 1837. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

xenicus, Calymmichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Thompson [W. F.] 1914:296, Pl. 36 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 2543] Sagami Bay, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 57089 [ex CM 6027]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:98 [ref. 12305], Fricke 1982:71 [ref. 5432], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:20 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Calymmichthys xenicus Jordan & Thompson 1914 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:208 [ref. 7348]). •Valid as Diplogrammus xenicus (Jordan & Thompson 1914) -- (Fricke 1982:71 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:504 [ref. 8349], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:344 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977], Nakabo 2000:1126 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:237 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1126 [ref. 26193], Fricke 2002:48 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Bray 2006:1582 [ref. 29000], Motomura et al. 2010:201 [ref. 31256], Iwatsubo & Motomura 2010:69 [ref. 31555], Seyhan et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35053]). Current status: Valid as Diplogrammus xenicus (Jordan & Thompson 1914). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific and Australia. Habitat: marine.

zamboangana, Synchiropus Seale [A.] 1910:540 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Zamboanga, Mindanao Island, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 4456 (destroyed in WWII). Paratypes: BSMP 3070 (1, destroyed in WWII). •Valid as Synchiropus zamboangana Seale 1910 -- (Fricke 1981:150 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:681 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292] as zamboanganus, Fricke 2002:67 [ref. 26547] as zamboanganus). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus zamboangana Seale 1910. Callionymidae. Distribution: Philippines, Habitat: marine.

zanectes, Calliurichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Jordan [E. K.] 1922:81, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 2487] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): FMNH 55208 [ex CM 3904]. Type catalog: Henn 1928 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:20 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Callionymus decoratus (Gilbert 1905) -- (Fricke 1982:67 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:329 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:18 [ref. 26547], Fricke & Quang 2018:441 [ref. 35976]). Current status: Synonym of Callionymus decoratus (Gilbert 1905). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

zaspilus, Callionymus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1933:24 [Copeia 1933 (no. 1); ref. 2106] Sitankai, Sibutu Islands, Sulu Province, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 25515. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:104 [ref. 12291], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Synchiropus picturatus (Peters 1877) -- (Fricke 1981:134 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:646 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:63 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus picturatus (Peters 1877). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

zythros, Callionymus Fricke [R.] 2000:62, Fig. 30 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 617; ref. 25197] Madang Province, Wongat Island, lagoon side, Papua New Guinea [Bismarck Sea, western Pacific], depth 20-27 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 38532. •Valid as Callionymus zythros Fricke 2000 -- (Fricke 2002:45 [ref. 26547], Allen & Erdmann 2012:848 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:154 [ref. 33932], Fricke 2016:63 [ref. 34390], Fricke 2016:52 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:22 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Callionymus zythros Fricke 2000. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.