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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Centrarchidae: [ 163 ] records


achigan, Bodianus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1817:120 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 18584] All large lakes in New York and Canada. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:230 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802 -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34 [ref. 12253], Smith 1986:307 [ref. 22186] as dolomieui, La Rivers 1994:560 [ref. 23389] as dolomieui, Gilbert 1998:230 [ref. 23395], Scott & Crossman 1998:733 [ref. 24570] as dolomieui). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

aenea, Cichla Lesueur [C. A.] 1822:214, Pl. [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 2; ref. 17517] Presque Isle, opposite Erie (? Lake Ontario). No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:230 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque 1817) -- (Smith 1986:293 [ref. 22186], Gilbert 1998:231 [ref. 23395], Scott & Crossman 1998:707 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque 1817). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

albulus, Bryttus Girard [C. F.] 1858:200 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 9 (no. 15) (for 1857); ref. 1811] Rio Blanco, Texas, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 421 (orig. 4, now 2). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:231 [ref. 23395]. •Hybrid between Lepomis cyanellus x Lepomis macrochirus macrochirus -- (Gilbert 1998:231 [ref. 23395]). Centrarchidae.

anagallinus, Lepomis Cope [E. D.] 1868:221 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 6 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 909] Near Leavenworth, Kansas, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 13145. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:37 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:231 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis humilis (Girard 1858) -- (Gilbert 1998:231 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis humilis (Girard 1858). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

annularis, Pomoxis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1818:417, Pl. 17 (fig. 1) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 3588] Ohio River, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:231 [ref. 23395]. See also Rafinesque 1818:41 [ref. 3589]. •Valid as Pomoxis annularis Rafinesque 1818 -- (Lee et al. 1980:611 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:309 [ref. 22186], Robison & Buchanan 1988:386 [ref. 23393], McAllister 1990:141 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:192 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:259 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:115 [ref. 23239], Etnier & Starnes 1993:436 [ref. 22809], Warren et al. 1994:133 [ref. 25557], Knight & Hastings 1994:150 [ref. 25560], Baxter & Stone 1995:238 [ref. 23374], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:715 [ref. 21581], La Rivers 1994:580 [ref. 23389], Stauffer et al. 1995:285 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:211 [ref. 23394], Mettee et al. 1996:559 [ref. 25836], Sigler & Sigler 1996:272 [ref. 25943], Gilbert 1998:231 [ref. 23395], Scott & Crossman 1998:741 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:374 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:44 [ref. 26594], Ross et al. 2001:436 [ref. 25978], Moyle 2002:393 [ref. 26449], Roe et al. 2002:903 [ref. 26504], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:189 [ref. 27816], Bailey et al. 2004:186 [ref. 27882], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:326 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:473 [ref. 27995], Scharpf 2008:18 [ref. 30399], Minckley & Marsh 2009:293 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:488 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:299 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Pomoxis annularis Rafinesque 1818. Centrarchidae. Distribution: East-central North America, introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

antistius, Chaenobryttus McKay [C. L.] 1881:88 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 197); ref. 17625] Lake Michigan at Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:231 [ref. 23395]. Based on Glossoplites melanops of Jordan 1876:317 [ref. 2371]. •Synonym of Chaenobryttus gulosus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Gilbert 1998:231 [ref. 23395]). •Synonym of Lepomis gulosus (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis gulosus (Cuvier 1829). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

anutus, Labrus Mitchill [S. L.] 1817:289 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 1; ref. 17776] Wallkill [Walkill] River, New York, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1986:300 [ref. 22186]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

apiatus, Lepomis Cope [E. D.] 1877:66 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 17; ref. 939] St. Johns River at Volusia Landing, Lake County, Florida, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 11127 (1), 27837-41 (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:37 [ref. 13621] as holotype (11127) and paratypes, Gilbert 1998:231 [ref. 23395] as holotype and paratypes. •Synonym of Lepomis punctatus (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Warren 1992:34 [ref. 21505], Gilbert 1998:231 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis punctatus (Valenciennes 1831). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

appendix, Labrus Mitchill [S. L.] 1817:289 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 1; ref. 17776] Wallkill [Walkill] River, New York, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:231 [ref. 23395]. Also in Mitchill 1818:247 [ref. 17774]. •Synonym of Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1986:298 [ref. 22186], Gilbert 1998:231 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

aquilensis, Pomotis Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1853:388 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 6; ref. 15636] [Rio Grande at] Eagle Pass, Texas, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 446. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:231 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820), but a valid subspecies -- (Gilbert 1998:231 [ref. 23395], Scharpf 2008:16 [ref. 30399]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

aquiliensis, Ichthelis Girard [C. F.] in Nelson 1876:37 [Bulletin of the Illinois Museum of Natural History v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 3154] Not available; an incorrect subsequent spelling of Pomotis aquilensis Baird & Girard 1853; Illinois River, U.S.A. Centrarchidae.

ardesiacus, Lepomis Cope [E. D.] 1868:222 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 6 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 909] Kiskiminitas River, western Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 13106. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:37 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819 -- (La Rivers 1994:566 [ref. 23389]). •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819, subspecies macrochirus -- (Gilbert 1998:231 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

ariommus, Ambloplites Viosca [P., Jr.] 1936:37, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1936 (no. 1); ref. 13753] Little Bogue Falia [Falaya] Creek, 3 miles north of Covington, St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 101305. Paratypes: UMMZ 110420 (3); TU 2856 [ex Author's coll] (14). Type catalog: Suttkus 1970:126 [ref. 20861], Bart & Taylor 1993:54 [ref. 20906], Gilbert 1998:231-232 [ref. 23395]. •Valid as Ambloplites ariommus Viosca 1936 -- (Lee et al. 1980:578 [ref. 22416], Robison & Buchanan 1988:360 [ref. 23393], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:177 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:261 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:111 [ref. 23239], Etnier & Starnes 1993:400 [ref. 22809], Warren et al. 1994:133 [ref. 25557], Knight & Hastings 1994:150 [ref. 25560], Mettee et al. 1996:521 [ref. 25836], Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395], Ross et al. 2001:403 [ref. 25978], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:436 [ref. 27995], Scharpf 2008:12 [ref. 30399], Roe et al. 2008:858 [ref. 29951], Page & Burr 2011:490 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:261 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Ambloplites ariommus Viosca 1936. Centrarchidae. Distribution: Southcentral U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

aureolus, Xenotis Jordan [D. S.] 1877:41 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum [v. 1] No. 10; ref. 2374] White River, near Indianapolis, Marion County Indiana, U.S.A. Possible syntypes: USNM 20134 (1) White R. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395]. Appeared first without distinguishing features in Jordan 1877:19 [ref. 12244]. •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820), subspecies megalotis -- (Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

aureus, Sparus Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Schöpf) 1792:290 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated [New York, U.S.A.]. No types known. No locality stated [New York, U.S.A.] No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395]. Based on 'Sparus, Goldfish in Neu York' in Schöpf 1788:150 [ref. 18700] Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395]. Based on 'Sparus, Goldfish in Neu York' in Schöpf 1788:150 [ref. 18700]. •Synonym of Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1986:300 [ref. 22186], Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

aurita, Icthelis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:49 [Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 7305] Kentucky, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395]. Described as belonging to subgenus Pomotis, but listed as above. Also in Rafinesque 1820:29 [ref. 3592]. •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820), subspecies megalotis -- (Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

auritus, Labrus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:283 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Wheeler 1985:49-50 [ref. 20705], Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395]. Type information: Goode & Bean 1885:200 [ref. 1841]. •Valid as Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Lee et al. 1980:590 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:297 [ref. 22186], Robison & Buchanan 1988:365 [ref. 23393], McAllister 1990:139 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:182 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:272 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:112 [ref. 23239], Etnier & Starnes 1993:408 [ref. 22809], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:742 [ref. 21581], Stauffer et al. 1995:264 [ref. 23376], Mettee et al. 1996:531 [ref. 25836], Murdy et al. 1997:245 [ref. 23144], Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395], Scott & Crossman 1998:707 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:359 [ref. 25838], Ross et al. 2001:409 [ref. 25978], Roe et al. 2002:900 [ref. 26504], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:300 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:449 [ref. 27995], Scharpf 2008:14 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:506 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:270 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Eastern Canada and Atlantic and Gulf coasts, U.S.A.; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

barberi, Pomoxis Hildebrand [S. F.] & Towers [I. L.] 1928:128, Figs. 7-8 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 43 (pt 2, 1927); ref. 15897] Borrow pit near Money, vicinity of Greenwood, Leflore County, Mississippi, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 88381. Paratypes: USNM 126942 (8). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur 1829) -- (Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395], Ross et al. 2001:438 [ref. 25978]). Current status: Synonym of Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur 1829). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

bombifrons, Pomotis Agassiz [L.] 1854:303 [9] [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 17; ref. 69] Tennessee River at Huntsville, Alabama, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MCZ 3223 (lost). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395]. On p. 9 of separate. •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820), subspecies megalotis -- (Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395]). •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820) -- (Boschung & Mayden 2004:458 [ref. 27995]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevicauda, Pomoxys Gill [T. N.] 1865:64 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 17; ref. 12608] North Grand River, Livingston County, Missouri, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 4564 (not found). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Pomoxis annularis Rafinesque 1818 -- (La Rivers 1994:580 [ref. 23389], Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Pomoxis annularis Rafinesque 1818. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

breviceps, Pomotis Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1853:390 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 6; ref. 165] Otter Creek, Arkansas [= tributary to North Fork of Red River, either Kiowa or Tillman County, southwestern Oklahoma], U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 473. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820), but a valid subspecies -- (Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395], Scott & Crossman 1998:725 [ref. 24570], Scharpf 2008:16 [ref. 30399]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

cahabae, Micropterus Baker [W. H.], Johnston [C. E.] & Blanton [R. E.] in Baker, Blanton & Johnston 2013:392, Figs. 1, 2D-F [Zootaxa 3635 (no. 4); ref. 32561] Shoal Creek, Hwy 199, Shelby County, Alabama. Holotype: USNM 398705. Paratypes: AUM 51062 (1), 51063 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Micropterus cahabae Baker, Johnston & Blanton 2013. Current status: Valid as Micropterus cahabae Baker, Johnston & Blanton 2013. Centrarchidae. Distribution: Calaba River system, Alabama. Habitat: freshwater.

calliops, Bodianus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1818:447 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 3 (no. 6) (art. 6) (Oct.); ref. 3587] Ohio River, U.S.A. No types known. Centrarchidae.

calliura, Etheostoma Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:56 [Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 7305] Ohio and Salt rivers, etc., U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:232 [ref. 23395]. Described as belonging to subgenus Aplesion, but listed as above. Also in Rafinesque 1820:36 [ref. 3592]. •Questionably a synonym of Micropterus punctatus (Rafinesque 1819) -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:14 [ref. 12253] in part). •Questionably a synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802 -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34 [ref. 12253] in part, La Rivers 1994:560 [ref. 23389] as dolomieui). •Probably a complex of dolomieu and punctulatus -- (Gilbert 1998:232-233 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Uncertain as Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

calliurus, Bodianus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1818:354 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 3 (no. 5) (art. 3) (Sept.); ref. 3586] Not available, name only; from Ohio River, U.S.A. Centrarchidae.

carolinensis, Hyperistius Gill [T. N.] 1864:93 [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 37 (art. 10); ref. 1706] South Carolina, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:233 [ref. 23395] but incorrectly interpreted original description as a replacement name for hexacanthus Valenciennes. New name for Pomoxis hexacanthus of Holbrook, not of Valenciennes. •Synonym of Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur 1829) -- (La Rivers 1994:576 [ref. 23389], Gilbert 1998:233 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur 1829). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

cataractae, Micropterus Williams [J. D.] & Burgess [G. H.] 1999:83, Pls. 1, 2 and 5 [Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History v. 42 (no. 2); ref. 24029] Chipola River, about 1.5 miles downstream of bridge on State rte 278, 0.7 mile west of intersection with State rte 71, Jackson County, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: UF 92070. Paratypes: UF 79980 (17) and numerous other paratypes. •Valid as Micropterus cataractae Williams & Burgess 1999 -- (Near et al. 2003:1615 [ref. 26940], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:463 [ref. 27995], Scharpf 2008:17 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:497 [ref. 31215], Bagley et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31509], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:290 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Micropterus cataractae Williams & Burgess 1999. Centrarchidae. Distribution: Southeastern U.S.A.: Gerogia, Florida and Alabama. Habitat: freshwater.

catesbei, Pomotis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:469 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2869. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:68 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:233 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gilbert 1998:233 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

cavifrons, Ambloplites Cope [E. D.] 1868:217 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 6 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 909] Headwaters of Roanoke River, Montgomery County, Virginia, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 12803. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:37 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:233 [ref. 23395]. •Valid as Ambloplites cavifrons Cope 1868 -- (Lee et al. 1980:579 [ref. 22416], Burkhead & Jenkins 1991:373 [ref. 21804], Page & Burr 1991:260 [ref. 18983], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:703 [ref. 21581], Gilbert 1998:233 [ref. 23395], Fuller et al. 1999:353 [ref. 25838], Roe et al. 2002:900 [ref. 26504], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2008:12 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:490 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Ambloplites cavifrons Cope 1868. Centrarchidae. Distribution: Eastern U.S.A.: Virginia and North Carolina. Habitat: freshwater.

chaetodon, Pomotis Baird [S. F.] 1855:324 [10] [Smithsonian Institution Annual Report 9 (for 1854); ref. 164] Cedar Swamp Creek, Cape May County, New Jersey, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 12848 (1); MCZ 3374 (2), 35952 [ex USNM 817] (1); MNHN 0287 [ex USNM 817]; UMMZ 110641 (1); USNM 817 (1), 197618 [ex USNM 817] (8). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:37 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:233 [ref. 23395]. •Valid as Enneacanthus chaetodon (Baird 1855) -- (Lee et al. 1980:587 [ref. 22416], Burkhead & Jenkins 1991:375 [ref. 21804], Page & Burr 1991:262 [ref. 18983], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:723 [ref. 21581], Murdy et al. 1997:249 [ref. 23144], Gilbert 1998:233 [ref. 23395], Roe et al. 2002:900 [ref. 26504], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Darden 2008:630 [ref. 29819], Scharpf 2008:13 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:492 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:265 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Enneacanthus chaetodon (Baird 1855). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Eastern U.S.A.: New Jersey to Florida. Habitat: freshwater.

charybdis, Lepomis Cope [E. D.] 1868:223 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 6 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 909] Texas, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:37 [ref. 13621] as none at ANSP. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:233 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Chaenobryttus gulosus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Gilbert 1998:233 [ref. 23395]). •Synonym of Lepomis gulosus (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis gulosus (Cuvier 1829). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

chattahoochae, Micropterus Baker [W. H.], Johnston [C. E.] & Blanton [R. E.] in Baker, Blanton & Johnston 2013:395, Figs. 1, 3D-F [Zootaxa 3635 (no. 4); ref. 32561] Centralhatchee Creek, 1.6 km west of Centralhatchee, Heard County, Georgia. Holotype: USNM 398703. Paratypes: AUM 51066 (1), 51067 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Micropterus chattahoochae Baker, Johnston & Blanton 2013. Current status: Valid as Micropterus chattahoochae Baker, Johnston & Blanton 2013. Centrarchidae. Distribution: Chattahoochee River system, west Georgia, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

constellatus, Ambloplites Cashner [R. C.] & Suttkus [R. D.] 1977:148, Fig. 1 (top) [American Midland Naturalist v. 98 (no. 1); ref. 7238] Buffalo River at mouth of Rush Creek, 3.2 kilometers east-southeast of Rush, Marion County, Arkansas, U.S.A. Holotype: TU 90909. Paratypes: NLU 20995 (8); TU 43520 (2), 44085 (8), 45418 (1), 46559 (2), 46611 (6 or 11), 49574 (1), 51019 (1), 51231 (1), 52445 (2), 52564 (1), 78124 (5); UF 14698 (1). Type catalog: Bart & Taylor 1993:54-55 [ref. 20906], Gilbert 1998:233 [ref. 23395]. •Valid as Ambloplites constellatus Cashner & Suttkus 1977 -- (Lee et al. 1980:580 [ref. 22416], Robison & Buchanan 1988:361 [ref. 23393], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:178 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:261 [ref. 18983], Gilbert 1998:233 [ref. 23395], Fuller et al. 1999:354 [ref. 25838], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2008:13 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:489 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Ambloplites constellatus Cashner & Suttkus 1977. Centrarchidae. Distribution: White River drainage, Missouri and Arkansas, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

convexifrons, Pomotis Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1854:24 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 168] Rio Cibolo, tributary of Rio San Antonio, Texas, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 457 (2). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:233 [ref. 23395]. Author is S. F. Baird and Girard. •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820) -- (Gilbert 1998:233 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

coosae, Micropterus Hubbs [C. L.] & Bailey [R. M.] 1940:23, Pls. 1 (fig. 4), 5 [Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan No. 48; ref. 12253] Fisher Creek, tributary to Big Will's Creek of the Coosa River system, Etowah County, Alabama, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 97729. Paratypes: Some now incorrect. (132) Alabama Polytechnic Institute (9 lots); Iowa State College (4 lots); UMMZ (now 33 lots); USNM 31152 (1), 73542 (1), 101076 (1). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:233-234 [ref. 23395], Gilbert 2009:160 [ref. 30728]. •Valid as Micropterus coosae Hubbs & Bailey 1940 -- (Not all referencees belong to this species) (Lee et al. 1980:604 [ref. 22416], Robison & Buchanan 1988:379 [ref. 23393], Page & Burr 1991:264 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:114 [ref. 23239], Etnier & Starnes 1993:428 [ref. 22809], Mettee et al. 1996:549 [ref. 25836], Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395], Williams & Burgess 1999:90 [ref. 24029], Fuller et al. 1999:368 [ref. 25838], Moyle 2002:407 [ref. 26449], Near et al. 2003:1615 [ref. 26940], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:464 [ref. 27995], Scharpf 2008:17 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:496 [ref. 31215], Bagley et al. 2011:348, [ref. 31509], Baker et al. 2013:379, 390 [ref. 32561], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Micropterus coosae Hubbs & Bailey 1940. Centrarchidae. Distribution: Coosa River System, east Alabama and west Georgia, U.S.A. (spearate population in Savana River). Habitat: freshwater.

coronarius, Cyprinus Bartram [W.] 1791:153, Pl. 7 [Travels through North & South Carolina, Georgia, East & West Florida; ref. 19947] Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395]. From Lake Dexter, or vicinity, Volusia Co., Florida, U.S.A. Not available, published in rejected work (Opinion 447). •Unavailable senior synonym of Chaetobryttus gulosus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395]). •In the synonymy of Lepomis gulosus (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis gulosus (Cuvier 1829). Centrarchidae.

cyanella, Icthelis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:376 [Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 1 (no. 6); ref. 7308] Ohio River at falls, U.S.A. No types known. Described as belonging to subgenus Telopomis, but listed as above. Apparently the same as Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819 . Also in Rafinesque 1820:28 [ref. 3592]. Current status: Synonym of Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae.

cyanellus, Lepomis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1819:420 [Journal de Physique, de Chimie et d'Histoire Naturelle v. 88; ref. 3590] Ohio River, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395]. •Valid as Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819 -- (Lee et al. 1980:591 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:298 [ref. 22186], Robison & Buchanan 1988:366 [ref. 23393], McAllister 1990:140 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:180 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:267 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:112 [ref. 23239], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:63 [ref. 22290], Etnier & Starnes 1993:410 [ref. 22809], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:739 [ref. 21581], La Rivers 1994:571 [ref. 23389], Warren et al. 1994:133 [ref. 25557], Knight & Hastings 1994:150 [ref. 25560], Baxter & Stone 1995:228 [ref. 23374], Stauffer et al. 1995:266 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:192 [ref. 23394], Mettee et al. 1996:533 [ref. 25836], Sigler & Sigler 1996:252 [ref. 25943], Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395], Scott & Crossman 1998:710 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:360 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:43 [ref. 26594], Ruiz-Campos et al. 2000:77 [ref. 24940], Ross et al. 2001:410 [ref. 25978], Moyle 2002:389 [ref. 26449], Roe et al. 2002:900 [ref. 26504], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:177 [ref. 27816], Bailey et al. 2004:177 [ref. 27882], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:302 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:450 [ref. 27995], Mundy 2005:351 [ref. 28379], Miller 2006:332 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2008:14 [ref. 30399], Minckley & Marsh 2009:285 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:500 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:272 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Distribution: Widespread in North America, introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

diaphanus, Calliurus Girard [C. F.] 1858:200 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 9 (no. 15) (for 1857); ref. 1811] Rio Blanco, Texas, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 374. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819 -- (La Rivers 1994:571 [ref. 23389], Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

dolomieu, Micropterus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:324, 325, Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] No locality (probably South Carolina, U.S.A.). Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5243. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:67 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395]. Often incorrectly spelled dolomieui. •Valid as Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802 -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34 [ref. 12253], Lee et al. 1980:605 [ref. 22416], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:142 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:306 [ref. 22186], Robison & Buchanan 1988:380 [ref. 23393], McAllister 1990:140 [ref. 14674] as dolomieui, Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:171 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:265 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:114 [ref. 23239], Etnier & Starnes 1993:430 [ref. 22809], Skelton 1993:287 [ref. 24071], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:726 [ref. 21581], La Rivers 1994:560 [ref. 23389], Baxter & Stone 1995:234 [ref. 23374], Stauffer et al. 1995:279 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:204 [ref. 23394], Mettee et al. 1996:551 [ref. 25836], Sigler & Sigler 1996:259 [ref. 25943], Murdy et al. 1997:244 [ref. 23144], Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395], Scott & Crossman 1998:728 [ref. 24570] as dolomieui, Williams & Burgess 1999:97 [ref. 24029], Fricke 1999:221 [ref. 24106], Fuller et al. 1999:369 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:43 [ref. 26594], Nakabo 2000:745 [ref. 25086], Ross et al. 2001:427 [ref. 25978], Skelton 2001:287 [ref. 27406], Nakabo 2002:745 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:318, 596 [ref. 26218] as dolomieui, Moyle 2002:401 [ref. 26449], Roe et al. 2002:903 [ref. 26504], Near et al. 2003:1615 [ref. 26940], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:183 [ref. 27816], Hanel 2003:62 [ref. 27894], Bailey et al. 2004:184 [ref. 27882], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:320 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:466 [ref. 27995], Mundy 2005:352 [ref. 28379], McPhail 2007:509 [ref. 31199], Scharpf 2008:17 [ref. 30399] with subspecies, Minckley & Marsh 2009:290 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:497 [ref. 31215] with 2 subspecies sometimes recognized, Bagley et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31509], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802. Centrarchidae. Distribution: North America, introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

elizabethae, Mesogonistius chaetodon Bailey [R. M.] 1941:2 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 454; ref. 11644] Mill Dam Lake, 16 miles east of Ocala, Marion County, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 118294. Paratypes: CUMV 99 (1), 356 (1); UMMZ 110641 (1); USNM 198147 [ex ISC 3] (2). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Enneacanthus chaetodon (Baird 1855) -- (Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Enneacanthus chaetodon (Baird 1855). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Pomotis Holbrook [J. E.] 1855:47, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 3 (art. 1); ref. 15935] St. Johns River, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MCZ 3236. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

enythrops, Icthelis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:377 [Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 1 (no. 6); ref. 7308] Ohio River, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395]. Described as belonging to subgenus Pomotis, but listed as above. Spelled enythrops originally and in Rafinesque 1920:29 [ref. 3592]; corrected to erythrops in Rafinesque 1820:88 [ref. 3592]. •Synonym of Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque 1817) -- (Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque 1817). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

eriarcha, Copelandia Jordan [D. S.] 1877:56 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 29 (pt 1); ref. 2372] New Jersey [not Menononee River at Wauwatosa, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin], U.S.A. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Enneacanthus gloriosus (Holbrook 1855) -- (Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Enneacanthus gloriosus (Holbrook 1855). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

erythrops, Sparus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1818:205 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 13337] Chesapeake Bay, Susquehanna and Elk rivers, Philadelphia market, U.S.A. Centrarchidae.

euryorus, Lepomis McKay [C. L.] 1881:89 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 197); ref. 17625] Lake Huron at Fort Gratiot, Michigan, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 4109. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:234 [ref. 23395]. •Hybrid between Lepomis cyanellus x Lepomis gibbosus -- (Gilbert 1998:235 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

fallax, Pomotis Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1854:24 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 168] Elm Creek, [probably the one in Kinney County] Texas, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 458. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:235 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820) -- (Gilbert 1998:235 [ref. 23395], Ross et al. 2001:422 [ref. 25978]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciata, Cichla Lesueur [C. A.] 1822:216 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 2; ref. 17517] Lake Erie, Buffalo, New York and Lake George, eastern U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:235 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802 -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34 [ref. 12253] as dolomieui, Smith 1986:307 [ref. 22186], as dolomieui, La Rivers 1994:560 [ref. 23389] as dolomieui, Gilbert 1998:235 [ref. 23395], Scott & Crossman 1998:733 [ref. 24570] as dolomieui). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciatus, Bryttus Holbrook [J. E.] 1855:51, Pl. 5 (fig. 3) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 3 (art. 1); ref. 15935] St. Johns River, Florida, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:235 [ref. 23395]. Genus spelled Bryllus in table of plates (p. 58). •Synonym of Enneacanthus obesus (Girard 1854) -- (Gilbert 1998:235 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Enneacanthus obesus (Girard 1854). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

flavescens, Brittus Stauffer [J.] (ex Cope) 1869:577 [History of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; ref. 18742] Not distinguishing features, not available -- (see Gilbert 1998:235 [ref. 23395]). Centrarchidae.

flexuolaris, Lepomis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:51 [Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 7305] Ohio River and tributary streams, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:235 [ref. 23395]. Described as belonging to subgenus Aplites, but listed as above. Also in Rafinesque 1820:31 [ref. 3592]. •Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802 -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34 [ref. 12253], La Rivers 1994:560 [ref. 23389] as dolomieui, Gilbert 1998:235 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

floridana, Cichla Lesueur [C. A.] 1822:219 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 2; ref. 17517] Eastern Florida, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:235 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Huro salmoides (Lacepède 1802) -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:38 [ref. 12253]). •Synonym of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802) -- (La Rivers 1994:554 [ref. 23389]). •Synonym of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802), but a valid subspecies floridanus (Lee et al. 1980:608 [ref. 22416], Robison & Buchanan 1988:385 [ref. 23393], Gilbert 1998:235 [ref. 23395], Ross et al. 2001:436 [ref. 25978], Moyle 2002:398 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2008:18 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:493 [ref. 31215], Bagley et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31509]). •Valid as Micropterus floridanus (Lesueur 1822) -- (Near et al. 2003:1615 [ref. 26940], Marshall 2011:207 [ref. 31755]). Current status: Valid as Micropterus floridanus (Lesueur 1822). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Florida, U.S.A., introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

floridensis, Calliurus Holbrook [J. E.] 1855:53, Pl. 6 (fig. 1) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 3 (art. 1); ref. 15935] St. Johns River, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MCZ 3253. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:235 [ref. 23395]. Genus spelled Collurus in table of plates (p. 58). •Synonym of Chaenobryttus gulosus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Gilbert 1998:235 [ref. 23395]). •Synonym of Lepomis gulosus (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis gulosus (Cuvier 1829). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

formosus, Calliurus Girard [C. F.] 1858:200 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 9 (no. 15) (for 1857); ref. 1811] Chiefly in fresh waters of Arkansas, U.S.A. Syntypes: MCZ 3276 [ex USNM 420] (1); MNHN 0284 [ex USNM 420] (1); USNM 382 (orig. 1, now 0), 420 (orig. 6, now 0). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:235-236 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819 -- (La Rivers 1994:571 [ref. 23389], Gilbert 1998:235-236 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

garmani, Lepomis Forbes [S. A.] 1885:135 [Bulletin of the Illinois State Laboratory of Natural History v. 2 (art. 2); ref. 1344] Little Fox River at Phillipstown and Wabash River, and Drew Pond at Carmi, White County, Illinois, U.S.A. Syntypes: (15) INHS 26955 (orig. 6, now 5), CAS-SU 2414 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:70 [ref. 12291], Smith & Bridges 1960:254 [ref. 21197], Sabaj et al. 1997:275 [ref. 23225], Gilbert 1998:236 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis miniatus (Jordan 1877) -- (Gilbert 1998:236 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis miniatus (Jordan 1877). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

gibbosa, Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1758:292 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Carolinas, America. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:236 [ref. 23395]. •Valid as Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:1011 [ref. 20662], Lee et al. 1980:593 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:299 [ref. 22186], McAllister 1990:140 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:184 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:270 [ref. 18983], Etnier & Starnes 1993:412 [ref. 22809], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:749 [ref. 21581], Baxter & Stone 1995:230 [ref. 23374], Stauffer et al. 1995:268 [ref. 23376], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:185 [ref. 23079], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Murdy et al. 1997:247 [ref. 23144], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:749 [ref. 24702], Gilbert 1998:236 [ref. 23395], Popova 1998:116 [ref. 23588], Scott & Crossman 1998:713 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:361 [ref. 25838], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366], Lyons et al. 2000:43 [ref. 26594], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:195 [ref. 26728], Moyle 2002:387 [ref. 26449], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:178 [ref. 27816], Hanel 2003:62 [ref. 27894], Parin 2003:S3 [ref. 28536], Bailey et al. 2004:178 [ref. 27882], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:203 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:177 [ref. 28369], Fricke et al. 2007:81 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:524 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:499 [ref. 31199], Scharpf 2008:15 [ref. 30399], Minckley & Marsh 2009:287 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:504 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:353 [ref. 33547], Barbieri et al. 2015:100 [ref. 35029], Çiçek et al. 2015:151 [ref. 35151], Semenchenko et al. 2016:186 [ref. 34974], Özuluğ & Saç 2019:25 [ref. 36599]). Current status: Valid as Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Atlantic drainages, Canada and U.S.A.; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

gibbosus, Pomotis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:467 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN A-2870 (1), A-2876 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:68 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:236 [ref. 23395]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Lepomis by Perca gibbosa Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819 -- (La Rivers 1994:566 [ref. 23389]). •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819, subspecies macrochirus -- (Gilbert 1998:236 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

gillii, Lepomis Cope [E. D.] 1868:225 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 6 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 909] Branch of Tuckahoe Creek, James River, 12 miles above Richmond, Virginia, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 12789. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:37 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:236 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis gulosus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Gilbert 1998:236 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis gulosus (Cuvier 1829). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

gillii, Xystroplites Jordan [D. S.] 1877:24 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum [v. 1] No. 10; ref. 2374] Garden Key, Dry Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 64160 [not 5995]. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:236 [ref. 23395]. •Hybrid between Lepomis cyanellus x Lepomis macrochirus macrochirus -- (Gilbert 1998:236 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

gloriosus, Bryttus Holbrook [J. E.] 1855:52, Pl. 5 (fig. 4) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 3 (art. 1); ref. 15935] South Carolina, Georgia, and Cooper River, South Carolina. Syntypes: MCZ 3237-38 (4, 1), MNHN 0000-2567 (1), UMMZ 87128 [ex MCZ 3237] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:66 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:236 [ref. 23395]. Genus spelled Bryllus in table of plates (p. 58). •Valid as Enneacanthus gloriosus (Holbrook 1855) -- (Lee et al. 1980:588 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:293 [ref. 22186], Page & Burr 1991:262 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:112 [ref. 23239], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:721 [ref. 21581], Mettee et al. 1996:527 [ref. 25836], Murdy et al. 1997:250 [ref. 23144], Gilbert 1998:236 [ref. 23395], Fuller et al. 1999:358 [ref. 25838], Ross et al. 2001:407 [ref. 25978], Roe et al. 2002:900 [ref. 26504], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:445 [ref. 27995], Darden 2008:630 [ref. 29819], Scharpf 2008:14 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:492 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:266 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Enneacanthus gloriosus (Holbrook 1855). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Eastern U.S.A. (New York to Mississippi). Habitat: freshwater.

gulosus, Pomotis Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:498 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Lake Pontchartrain and in lagoons near New Orleans, Louisiana. Syntypes: MNHN A-5490 (2, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:68 [ref. 12478] as based on one specimen but not identifiable within A.5490, Gilbert 1998:236 [ref. 23395]. •Valid as Chaenobryttus gulosus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:179 [ref. 24089], Boschung 1992:111 [ref. 23239], Minckley & Marsh 2009:284 [ref. 31114]). •Valid as Lepomis gulosus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Lee et al. 1980:595 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:300 [ref. 22186], Robison & Buchanan 1988:368 [ref. 23393], McAllister 1990:140 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:266 [ref. 18983], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:63 [ref. 22290], Etnier & Starnes 1993:413 [ref. 22809], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:737 [ref. 21581], Knight & Hastings 1994:150 [ref. 25560], Cross & Collins 1995:194 [ref. 23394], Mettee et al. 1996:535 [ref. 25836], Gilbert 1998:236 [ref. 23395], Fuller et al. 1999:357 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:43 [ref. 26594], Ross et al. 2001:412 [ref. 25978], Moyle 2002:392 [ref. 26449], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:180 [ref. 27816], Bailey et al. 2004:179 [ref. 27882], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:304 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:452 [ref. 27995], Hanel & Lusk 2005:347 [ref. 28804], Scharpf 2008:15 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:498 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:274 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Lepomis gulosus (Cuvier 1829). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Eastern U.S.A.; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

guttatus, Pomotis Morris [J. C.] 1859:3 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 11; ref. 17798] Near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Lectotype: ANSP 22598. Paralectotypes: ANSP 22597 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:37 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:236-237 [ref. 23395]. Lectotype established by Fowler 1907:515 [ref. 1375]. •Synonym of Enneacanthus gloriosus (Holbrook 1855) -- (authors). •Synonym of Enneacanthus obesus (Girard 1854) -- (Gilbert 1998:237 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Enneacanthus obesus (Girard 1854). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

haplognathus, Lepomis Cope [E. D.] 1885:168 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 22 (for 19 Dec. 1884); ref. 18038] Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico. Holotype: ANSP 18888. Paratypes: ANSP 18889 (1), 20397-98 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:37 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:237 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820), subspecies aquilensis (Baird & Girard 1853) -- (Gilbert 1998:237 [ref. 23395]). •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820), but a valid subspecies -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:725 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

henshalli, Micropterus punctulatus Hubbs [C. L.] & Bailey [R. M.] 1940:16, Pls. 1 (fig. 3), 4 (fig. 1) [Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan No. 48; ref. 12253] Uphapee Creek, tributary to Tallapoosa River of the Alabama River system, 4 miles east of Tuskegee, [32.78250 N, 85.64778 W], Macon County, Alabama, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 118297. Paratypes: AUM [ex API] 2966 (1), 2980 (10); ISC B39-86 (1), B39-41 (6); UMMZ 88192 (11), 88235 (1), 88248 (3), 88838 (3), 88843 (1), 104103 (1), 111265 (9), 118289 (5), 123949 (5), 124135 (6); USNM 26269 (1), 31142 (1), 117553 (1). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:237 [ref. 23395], Gilbert 2009:160 [ref. 30728]. •Synonym of Micropterus punctulatus (Rafinesque 1819), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Robison & Buchanan 1988:383 [ref. 23393], Gilbert 1998:237 [ref. 23395], Williams & Burgess 1999:90 [ref. 24029]). •Synonym of Micropterus punctulatus (Rafinesque 1819) -- (Boschung & Mayden 2004:468 [ref. 27995]). •Valid as Micropterus henshalli Hubbs & Bailey 1940 -- (Baker et al. 2008:58 [ref. 29784], Scharpf 2008:17 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:495 [ref. 31215], Bagley et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31509], Baker et al. 2013:379 [ref. 32561], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Micropterus henshalli Hubbs & Bailey 1940. Centrarchidae. Distribution: Southeastern U.S.A. (Mobile Bay drainage, Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi), introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

heros, Pomotis Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1854:25 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 168] Rio Cibolo, tributary of Rio San Antonio, Texas, U.S.A. Paratypes: USNM 438 (orig. 4, now 2). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:237 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819, subspecies macrochirus -- (Gilbert 1998:237 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

hexacanthus, Centrarchus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:459 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Wabash River, Indiana, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN A-5692 (1, dry), A-5768 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:67 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:237 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur 1829) -- (La Rivers 1994:576 [ref. 23389], Gilbert 1998:238 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur 1829). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

holbroockii, Pomotis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:466 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2872. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:68 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:238 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gilbert 1998:238 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

humilis, Bryttus Girard [C. F.] 1858:201 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 9 (no. 15) (for 1857); ref. 1811] Sugarloaf Creek, near Fort Smith, Sebastian County, Arkansas, U.S.A. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-0286 [ex USNM 426]. Paralectotypes: ANSP 13154 [ex USNM 428] (1), 13166-68 [ex USNM 426] (3); MCZ 3273 [ex USNM 425] (1); USNM 423 (orig. 1, now 0), 424 (orig. 1, now 0), 425 (orig. 1, now 0) 426 (1, lost), 427 (orig. 2, now 0), 428 (orig. 2, now 0). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:38 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:238 [ref. 23395]. Lectotype selected by Bailey in Böhlke 1984:38 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Lepomis humilis (Girard 1858) -- (Lee et al. 1980:596 [ref. 22416], Robison & Buchanan 1988:369 [ref. 23393], McAllister 1990:140 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:185 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:272 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:112 [ref. 23239], Etnier & Starnes 1993:415 [ref. 22809], Warren et al. 1994:133 [ref. 25557], Stauffer et al. 1995:271 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:196 [ref. 23394], Mettee et al. 1996:537 [ref. 25836], Gilbert 1998:238 [ref. 23395], Scott & Crossman 1998:viii [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:363 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:43 [ref. 26594], Ross et al. 2001:414 [ref. 25978], Bailey et al. 2004:180 [ref. 27882], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:306 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:453 [ref. 27995], Scharpf 2008:15 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:507 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:276 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Lepomis humilis (Girard 1858). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Central U.S.A., introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

ictheloides, Lepomis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:52 [Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 7305] Kentucky River and tributary streams, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:238 [ref. 23395]. Described as belonging to subgenus Dioplites, but listed as above. Also in Rafinesque 1820:32 [ref. 3592]. •Synonym of Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque 1817) -- (Gilbert 1998:238 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque 1817). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

incisor, Pomotis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:466 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Lake Pontchartrain, near New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN A-2830 (1, dry), A-2868 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:68 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:238 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819 -- (Smith 1986:303 [ref. 22186], La Rivers 1994:566 [ref. 23389]). •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819, subspecies macrochirus Rafinesque 1819 -- (Gilbert 1998:238 [ref. 23395], Ross et al. 2001:418 [ref. 25978]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

inscriptus, Pomotis Agassiz [L.] 1854:302 [8] [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 17; ref. 69] Tennessee River at Huntsville, Alabama, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MCZ 3117. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:238 [ref. 23395]. On p. 8 of separate. •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820), subspecies megalotus -- (Gilbert 1998:238 [ref. 23395]). •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820) -- (Boschung & Mayden 2004:458 [ref. 27995]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

intermedius, Pomoxys Gill [T. N.] 1865:65 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 17; ref. 12608] Marietta, Ohio, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 4563. Non-types: USNM 326134 [ex USNM 4563] (1). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:238-239 [ref. 23395] with a holotype, but syntypes perhaps. •Synonym of Pomoxis annularis Rafinesque 1818 -- (La Rivers 1994:580 [ref. 23389], Gilbert 1998:239 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Pomoxis annularis Rafinesque 1818. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

interruptus, Centrarchus Girard [C. F.] 1854:129 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1817] Sacramento River, California, U.S.A. Lectotype: ANSP 13430 [ex USNM 278]. Paralectotypes: ANSP 13431-32 (2); MCZ 3348 [ex USNM 278] (1); MNHN 0278 [ex USNM 278] (1); ?UMMZ 160276 (1); USNM 278 (orig. 6, now 0), 280 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:38 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:239 [ref. 23395]. Lectotype established by Fowler 1907:514 [ref. 1375]. •Valid as Archoplites interruptus (Girard 1854) -- (Lee et al. 1980:582 [ref. 22416], Page & Burr 1991:258 [ref. 18983], La Rivers 1994:547 [ref. 23389], Sigler & Sigler 1996:249 [ref. 25943], Gilbert 1998:239 [ref. 23395], Fuller et al. 1999:356 [ref. 25838], Moyle 2002:376 [ref. 26449], Roe et al. 2002:903 [ref. 26504], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2008:13 [ref. 30399], Minckley & Marsh 2009:284 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:486 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Archoplites interruptus (Girard 1854). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Western U.S.A (California), introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

irideus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:716, 717, Pl. 5 (fig. 3) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:97 [ref. 19171], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:97-98 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:239 [ref. 23395]. Based on a Bosc manuscript. •Synonym of Centrarchus macropterus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Gilbert 1998:239 [ref. 23395], Ross et al. 2001:407 [ref. 25978], Roe et al. 2002:903 [ref. 26504]). Current status: Synonym of Centrarchus macropterus (Lacepède 1801). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

ischyrus, Lepiopomus Jordan [D. S.] & Nelson [E. W.] in Jordan 1877:25 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum [v. 1] No. 10; ref. 2374] Illinois River, between towns of LaSalle and Pekin, Illinois, U.S.A. Lectotype: INHS 26954 (poor condition). Paralectotypes: (1) lost. Type catalog: Smith & Bridges 1960:253 [ref. 21197], Sabaj et al. 1997:275-276 [ref. 23225], Gilbert 1998:239 [ref. 23395]. Second author is E. W. Nelson. Based on Ichthelis aquilensis Nelson 1876:37. Lectotype selected by Sabaj et al. 1997:276 [ref. 23225]. •Hybrid between Lepomis cyanellus x Lepomis macrochirus -- (Hubbs & Hubbs 1932 436 [ref. 11683], Gilbert 1998:239 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

lirus, Lepomis McKay [C. L.] 1881:89 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 197); ref. 17625] Tennessee River at Huntsville, Alabama, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MCZ 3202. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:240 [ref. 23395]. Proposed as a replacement name for Pomotis pallidus Agassiz 1854, presumed secondarily preoccupied in Lepomis by Labrus pallidus [= palladus] Mitchill 1815 [also preoccupied by Lepomis pallida Rafinesque 1820]. •Hybrid between Lepomis cyanellus x Lepomis macrochirus macrochirus -- (Gilbert 1998:240 [ref. 23395]). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

longimanus, Xystroplites Cope [E. D.] 1877:67 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 17; ref. 939] Volusia, Florida, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 27981 (1, described syntype), 27982-83 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:38 [ref. 13621] and Gilbert 1998:240 [ref. 23395] as holotype (27981) and paratypes; but Cope saw specimens from 2 localities, so syntypes. •Synonym of Lepomis microlophus (Günther 1859) -- (Gilbert 1998:240 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis microlophus (Günther 1859). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

longispinis, Lepomis Cope [E. D.] 1865:83 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 17; ref. 907] Leavenworth, Kansas, U.S.A. Lectotype: ANSP 16562. Paralectotypes: ANSP 16563-64 (2), 16565-67 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:38 [ref. 13621] and Gilbert 1998:240 [ref. 23395] as holotype and paratypes, but Cope indicated multiple specimens. Lectotype established by Fowler 1907:519 [ref. 1375]. •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819 -- (La Rivers 1994:566 [ref. 23389]). •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819, subspecies macrochirus -- (Gilbert 1998:240 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

longulus, Pomotis Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1853:391 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 6; ref. 165] Otter Creek, Arkansas [= tributary to North Fork of Red River, either Kiowa or Tillman County, southwestern Oklahoma], U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 404 (1) [possible holotype], ?407 (4). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:240 [ref. 23395] with a holotype. •Synonym of Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819 -- (La Rivers 1994:571 [ref. 23389], Gilbert 1998:240 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

luna, Pomotis Girard [C. F.] 1858:201 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 9 (no. 15) (for 1857); ref. 1811] Fort Snelling [= now inside Minneapolis], Minnesota, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 480 (lost). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:240 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819 -- (La Rivers 1994:566 [ref. 23389]). •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819, subspecies macrochirus -- (Gilbert 1998:240 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

lythrochloris, Xenotis Jordan [D. S.] 1877:20 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum [v. 1] No. 9; ref. 12244] Rivers, creeks and ponds of Kentucky, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:240-241 [ref. 23395] but dating to wrong description and type. Apparently appeared first as name only in Jordan 1877:376 [ref. 2373]. Also appeared in lengthy account in Jordan 1877:40 [ref. 2374]. New name for Icthelus aurita Rafinesque 1820. •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820), subspecies megalotis -- (Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrochira, Icthelis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:27 [Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 1 (no. 6); ref. 7308] Ohio, Green and Wabash rivers, etc., U.S.A. No types known. Also in Rafinesque 1820:27 [ref. 3592]. Apparently the same as Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819; not available. Current status: Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae.

macrochirus, Lepomis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1819:420 [Journal de Physique, de Chimie et d'Histoire Naturelle v. 88; ref. 3590] Ohio River, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395]. •Valid as Lepomis macrochirus [sometimes also as subspecies macrochirus] Rafinesque 1819 -- (Lee et al. 1980:597 [ref. 22416], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:142 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:302 [ref. 22186], Robison & Buchanan 1988:370 [ref. 23393], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:506 [ref. 25598], McAllister 1990:140 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:181 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:269 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:112 [ref. 23239], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:63 [ref. 22290], Etnier & Starnes 1993:417 [ref. 22809], Skelton 1993:284 [ref. 24071], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:747 [ref. 21581], La Rivers 1994:566 [ref. 23389], Warren et al. 1994:133 [ref. 25557], Knight & Hastings 1994:150 [ref. 25560], Baxter & Stone 1995:232 [ref. 23374], Coad 1995:27 [ref. 23608], Stauffer et al. 1995:273 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:198 [ref. 23394], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Mettee et al. 1996:539 [ref. 25836], Sigler & Sigler 1996:255 [ref. 25943], Murdy et al. 1997:246 [ref. 23144], Kim 1997:516 [ref. 24032], Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395], Scott & Crossman 1998:719 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:364 [ref. 25838], Ruiz-Campos et al. 2000:78 [ref. 24940], Nakabo 2000:745 [ref. 25086], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366], Lyons et al. 2000:43 [ref. 26594], Sakai et al. 2001:95 [ref. 25693], Kim & Park 2002:338 [ref. 25913], Ross et al. 2001:415 [ref. 25978], Skelton 2001:284 [ref. 27406], Nakabo 2002:745 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:318, 595 [ref. 26218] with date as 1810, Moyle 2002:381 [ref. 26449], Roe et al. 2002:900 [ref. 26504], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:181 [ref. 27816], Bailey et al. 2004:181 [ref. 27882], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:308 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:454 [ref. 27995], Seegers et al. 2003:46 [ref. 28087], Mundy 2005:352 [ref. 28379], Miller 2006:332 [ref. 28615], McPhail 2007:504 [ref. 31199], Scharpf 2008:15 [ref. 30399] with subspecies, Minckley & Marsh 2009:287 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:502 [ref. 31215], Marshall 2011:202 [ref. 31755], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:44 [ref. 33341], Fricke et al. 2018:163 [ref. 35805], Robins et al. 2018:278 [ref. 35886] with 3 subspecies). Current status: Valid as Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Distribution: Widespread in North America, introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

macropterus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:432, 477, Pl. 24 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] South Carolina, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:99 [ref. 19171], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:97-98 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395]. Based on a figure and manuscript of Bosc (not Commerson as stated by Lacepède). Labrus macropterus Lacepède 1801 is a junior homonym of Labrus macropterus Walbaum 1793, but Walbaum's name is a nomen oblitum that can be suppressed if conditions of Art. 23.9.1.1 and Art. 23.9.1.2 of the Code are met. •Valid as Centrarchus macropterus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Lee et al. 1980:583 [ref. 22416], Robison & Buchanan 1988:364 [ref. 23393], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:193 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:259 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:111 [ref. 23239], Etnier & Starnes 1993:402 [ref. 22809], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:711 [ref. 21581], Knight & Hastings 1994:150 [ref. 25560], Mettee et al. 1996:525 [ref. 25836], Murdy et al. 1997:242 [ref. 23144], Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395], Fuller et al. 1999:356 [ref. 25838], Ross et al. 2001:406 [ref. 25978], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:298 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:444 [ref. 27995], Scharpf 2008:13 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:487 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:263 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Centrarchus macropterus (Lacepède 1801). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Eastern and central U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

maculata, Morone Mitchill [S. L.] 1814:19 [Report, in part, of Samuel L. Mitchill; ref. 3030] New York, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1986:300 [ref. 22186], Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

maculosus, Centrarchus Ayres [W. O.] 1854:182 [The Pacific [newspaper] v. 3 and 4 (thru no. 6); ref. 157] Sacramento River and San Joaquin River, California, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395]. Appeared first as above on 22 Sept.; then in Ayres 1854:8 [ref. 18923] and Ayres 1855:99 [ref. 31481]. •Synonym of Archoplites interruptus (Girard 1854) -- (La Rivers 1994:547 [ref. 23389], Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Archoplites interruptus (Girard 1854). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

margarotis, Enneacanthus Gill [T. N.] & Jordan [D. S.] in Jordan 1877:28 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum [v. 1] No. 10; ref. 2374] Trenton and Beasley's [Beesley's] Point, New Jersey; Potomac and Delaware rivers, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 832 (orig. 3, now 2), 20348 (3), 20355-56 (11, 24), 20494 (1), 24660 (orig. 16, now 1). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395]. Author is T. N. Gill. •Synonym of Enneacanthus gloriosus (Holbrook 1855) -- (Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Enneacanthus gloriosus (Holbrook 1855). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

marginatus, Pomotis Holbrook [J. E.] 1855:49, Pl. 6 (fig. 2) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 3 (art. 1); ref. 15935] St. John's River, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MCZ 3254. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395]. •Valid as Lepomis marginatus (Holbrook 1855) -- (Lee et al. 1980:599 [ref. 22416], Robison & Buchanan 1988:372 [ref. 23393], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:188 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:271 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:113 [ref. 23239], Etnier & Starnes 1993:419 [ref. 22809], Knight & Hastings 1994:150 [ref. 25560], Mettee et al. 1996:541 [ref. 25836], Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395], Ross et al. 2001:418 [ref. 25978], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:310 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:457 [ref. 27995], Scharpf 2008:15 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:506 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:281 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Lepomis marginatus (Holbrook 1855). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Southeastern and south-central U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

megalotis, Icthelis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:49 [Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 7305] Kentucky, Licking and Sandy rivers, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395]. Described as belonging to subgenus Pomotis, but listed as above. Also in Rafinesque 1820:29 [ref. 3592]. •Valid as Lepomis megalotis [sometimes as subspecies megalotis] (Rafinesque 1820) -- (Lee et al. 1980:600 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:303 [ref. 22186], Robison & Buchanan 1988:373 [ref. 23393], McAllister 1990:140 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:187 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:270 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:113 [ref. 23239], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:63 [ref. 22290], Etnier & Starnes 1993:421 [ref. 22809], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:745 [ref. 21581], Warren et al. 1994:133 [ref. 25557], Knight & Hastings 1994:150 [ref. 25560], Stauffer et al. 1995:275 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:200 [ref. 23394], Mettee et al. 1996:543 [ref. 25836], Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395], Scott & Crossman 1998:724 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:365 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:43 [ref. 26594], Ross et al. 2001:420 [ref. 25978], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:312 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:458 [ref. 27995], Miller 2006:333 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2008:16 [ref. 30399] with subspecies and discussion, Minckley & Marsh 2009:288 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:504 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:283 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820). Centrarchidae. Distribution: East- and south-central North America, introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

megastoma, Grystes Garlick [T.] 1857:108 [A treatise on the artificial propagation of fish; ref. 18100] Bays of Lake Erie, North America. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Huro salmoides (Lacepède 1802) -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:38 [ref. 12253]). •Synonym of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802) -- (Smith 1986:309 [ref. 22186], La Rivers 1994:554 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:740 [ref. 24570]). •Synonym of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802), subspecies salmoides -- (Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

melanops, Calliurus Girard [C. F.] 1858:200 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 9 (no. 15) (for 1857); ref. 1811] Fresh waters of Texas, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 281 (1), 373 (2), 410 (orig. 1, now 0), 411 (orig. 1, now 0). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:241-242 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Chaenobryttus gulosus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Gilbert 1998:242 [ref. 23395]). •Synonym of Lepomis gulosus (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis gulosus (Cuvier 1829). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

melanops, Icthelis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:376 [Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 1 (no. 6); ref. 7308] Ohio River tributaries, Kentucky, Licking, and Miami rivers, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395]. Described as belonging to subgenus Telopomis, but listed as above. Also in Rafinesque 1820:28 [ref. 3592]. •Synonym of Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819 -- (La Rivers 1994:571 [ref. 23389], Gilbert 1998:241 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

microlophus, Pomotis Günther [A.] (ex Holbrook) 1859:264 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] St. Johns River, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MCZ 3245. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:242 [ref. 23395]. Replacement name for Pomotis speciosus Holbrook 1855. •Valid as Lepomis microlophus (Günther 1859) -- (Lee et al. 1980:601 [ref. 22416], Robison & Buchanan 1988:375 [ref. 23393], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:183 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:269 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:113 [ref. 23239], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:63 [ref. 22290], Etnier & Starnes 1993:423 [ref. 22809], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:752 [ref. 21581], Warren et al. 1994:133 [ref. 25557], Knight & Hastings 1994:150 [ref. 25560], Stauffer et al. 1995:277 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:202 [ref. 23394], Mettee et al. 1996:545 [ref. 25836], Gilbert 1998:242 [ref. 23395], Fuller et al. 1999:366 [ref. 25838], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366], Ross et al. 2001:422 [ref. 25978], Moyle 2002:385 [ref. 26449], Bailey et al. 2004:182 [ref. 27882], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:314 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:459 [ref. 27995], Scharpf 2008:16 [ref. 30399] with subspecies, Minckley & Marsh 2009:289 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:503 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:44 [ref. 33341], Robins et al. 2018:285 [ref. 35886] with 2 subspecies). Current status: Valid as Lepomis microlophus (Günther 1859). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Eastern and central U.S.A., introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

microps, Calliurus Girard [C. F.] 1858:200 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 9 (no. 15) (for 1857); ref. 1811] Rio Brazos, Texas, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 413 (orig. 6, now 0), 414 (orig. 6, now 5). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:242 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819 -- (La Rivers 1994:571 [ref. 23389], Gilbert 1998:242 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

milnerianus, Enneacanthus Cope [E. D.] in Jordan 1877:36 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum [v. 1] No. 10; ref. 2374] Not available, no description, as "50. Enneacanthus milnerianus, Cope. -- Florida." Centrarchidae.

mineopas, Bryttus Cope [E. D.] 1865:84 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 17; ref. 907] Minneopa, near Mankato, Minnesota River drainage, Blue Earth County, Minnesota, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 13190 (1), 13191-94 (4) Minneopa; MCZ 32811 (1) Whittlesey Lake, MNHN 0000-2672 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:38 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:242 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819 -- (La Rivers 1994:571 [ref. 23389], Gilbert 1998:242 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

miniatus, Lepiopomus Jordan [D. S.] 1877:26 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum [v. 1] No. 10; ref. 2374] Tangipahoa River, Mississippi [not Louisiana], U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 106504. Paralectotypes: CAS 61278 [ex IU 7251] (3), USNM 16918 (now 2). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:242 [ref. 23395]. Lectotype selected by Warren 1992:37 [ref. 21505]. No parentheses are needed around the author and date in the combination Lepomis miniatus (Art. 51.3.1 of the Code). •Synonym of Lepomis punctatus (Valenciennes 1831), but a valid subspecies -- (Lee et al. 1980:602 [ref. 22416], Robison & Buchanan 1988:377 [ref. 23393], Page & Burr 2011:500 [ref. 31215]). •Valid as Lepomis miniatus (Jordan 1877) -- (Boschung 1992:114 [ref. 23239], Warren 1992:37 [ref. 21505], Mettee et al. 1996:547 [ref. 25836], Gilbert 1998:242 [ref. 23395], Fuller et al. 1999:367 [ref. 25838], Ross et al. 2001:424 [ref. 25978], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:316 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:461 [ref. 27995], Scharpf 2008:16 [ref. 30399], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Lepomis miniatus (Jordan 1877). Centrarchidae. Distribution: South-central U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

minima, Cichla Lesueur [C. A.] 1822:220 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 2; ref. 17517] Lake Erie, North America. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:242 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802 -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:35 [ref. 12253] as dolomieui, Smith 1986:307 [ref. 22186] as dolomieui, La Rivers 1994:560 [ref. 23389] as dolomieui, Gilbert 1998:242 [ref. 23395], Scott & Crossman 1998:733 [ref. 24570] as dolomieui). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

mizelli, Acantharchus pomotis Fowler [H. W.] 1945:253, Figs. 241-245 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 7; ref. 1453] Big Branch, tributary of Suwannee Creek, Ware County, Georgia, U.S.A. Holotype: ANSP 71305. Paratypes: ANSP 71306-08 [not 71307-09] (3), 71570 (1), 71582-83 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:38 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:242-243 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Acantharchus pomotis (Baird 1855) -- (Gilbert 1998:243 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Acantharchus pomotis (Baird 1855). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

mocasinus, Sparus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1814:19 [Précis des découvertes et travaux somiologiques de Mr. C. S. Rafinesque-Schmaltz; ref. 3582] Rivers of U.S.A., including Chesapeake Bay, etc. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:243 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gilbert 1998:243 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

murinus, Calliurus Girard [C. F.] 1858:200 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 9 (no. 15) (for 1857); ref. 1811] Texas, U.S.A. Syntypes: MCZ 35956 [ex USNM 417] (1); USNM 415 (1), 416 (2), 417 (orig. 4, now 3), 418 (1). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:243 [ref. 23395], with comments on possible lectotype and its consequences. •Synonym of Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819 -- (La Rivers 1994:571 [ref. 23389], Gilbert 1998:243 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

mystacalis, Lepomis Cope [E. D.] 1877:66 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 17; ref. 939] Volusia [= St Johns River at Volusia Landing, opp. town of Astor. about 3 miles above entrance to Lake George], Florida, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 27834 (1), 27835-36 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:38 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:243 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subspecies -- (Gilbert 1998:243 [ref. 23395], Scharpf 2008:15 [ref. 30399]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

nefastus, Pomotis Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1854:24 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 168] Rio Cibolo [tributary of Rio San Antonio] and Rio Salado [assumed Salado Creek, just east of San Antonio, Bexar County], Texas, U.S.A. Syntypes: MCZ 35924 [ex USNM 448] (1), USNM 448 (orig. 5, now 3). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:243-244 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820), subspecies -- (Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

nephelus, Lepomis Cope [E. D.] 1868:222 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 6 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 909] Kiskiminitas River, western Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 22619. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:38 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819 -- (La Rivers 1994:566 [ref. 23389]). •Hybrid between Lepomis cyanellus x Lepomis macrochirus macrochirus -- (Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigricans, Huro Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:126, Pl. 17 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Lake Huron, North America. No types known. •Synonym of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802) -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:38 [ref. 12253], Berg 1949:1010 [ref. 20662], La Rivers 1994:554 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:740 [ref. 24570]). •Synonym of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802), subspecies salmoides -- (Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigromaculatus, Cantharus Lesueur [C. A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:88 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Wabash River, Indiana, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN A-5692 (1, dry), A-5768 (1, dry). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395]. Appeared first as name in synonymy as manuscript name mentioned in account of Centrarchus sparoides (Lacepède), validated by subsequent use as a valid species. •Valid as Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur 1829) -- (Lee et al. 1980:613 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:311 [ref. 22186], Robison & Buchanan 1988:388 [ref. 23393], McAllister 1990:141 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:191 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:259 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:115 [ref. 23239], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:64 [ref. 22290], Etnier & Starnes 1993:438 [ref. 22809], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:713 [ref. 21581], La Rivers 1994:576 [ref. 23389], Warren et al. 1994:133 [ref. 25557], Knight & Hastings 1994:150 [ref. 25560], Baxter & Stone 1995:240 [ref. 23374], Stauffer et al. 1995:287 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:213 [ref. 23394], Mettee et al. 1996:561 [ref. 25836], Sigler & Sigler 1996:276 [ref. 25943], Murdy et al. 1997:248 [ref. 23144], Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395], Scott & Crossman 1998:745 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:375 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:44 [ref. 26594], Ross et al. 2001:438 [ref. 25978], Moyle 2002:395 [ref. 26449], Roe et al. 2002:903 [ref. 26504], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:191 [ref. 27816], Bailey et al. 2004:187 [ref. 27882], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:328 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:474 [ref. 27995], McPhail 2007:519 [ref. 31199], Scharpf 2008:18 [ref. 30399], Minckley & Marsh 2009:294 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:487 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:301 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur 1829). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Native to eastern and east-central North America, introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

nigropunctatus, Sparus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1818:354 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 3 (no. 5) (art. 3) (Sept.); ref. 3586] Not available, name only; from the Ohio River, U.S.A. Centrarchidae.

nitida, Pomotis Kirtland [J. P.] 1840:472, Pl. 28 (fig. 1) [Boston Journal of Natural History v. 3 (nos 3-4) (art. 10, 17); ref. 18404] Mahoning River, Ohio, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820), subspecies megalotis -- (Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

nitidus, Pomoxis Girard [C. F.] 1858:200 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 9 (no. 15) (for 1857); ref. 1811] Houston River, Kentucky, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 107246 [ex USNM 261] (orig. 3, now 2). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Pomoxis annularis Rafinesque 1818 -- (La Rivers 1994:580 [ref. 23389], Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Pomoxis annularis Rafinesque 1818. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

nobilis, Grystes Agassiz [L.] 1854:298 [4] [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 17; ref. 69] Tennessee River at Huntsville, Alabama, U.S.A. Syntypes: MCZ 9661 (1), 21786 (5); UMMZ 86799 [ex MCZ 9661, 21786] (2), 153574 [ex MCZ 21786] (1). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395]. On p. 4 of separate. •Synonym of Huro salmoides (Lacepède 1802) -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:38 [ref. 12253]). •Synonym of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802) -- (La Rivers 1994:554 [ref. 23389], Boschung & Mayden 2004:470 [ref. 27995]). •Synonym of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802), subspecies salmoides -- (Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

notata, Lepomis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:52 [Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 7305] Kentucky, Ohio, Green and Licking rivers, etc., U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395]. Described as belonging to subgenus Dioplites, but listed as above. Also in Rafinesque 1820:32 [ref. 3592]. •Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802 -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34 [ref. 12253], La Rivers 1994:560 [ref. 23389] as dolomieui, Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

notatus, Pomotis Agassiz [L.] 1854:302 [8] [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 17; ref. 69] Tennessee River at Huntsville, Alabama, U.S.A. Syntypes: MCZ 3130 (3). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395]. On p. 8 of separate. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Lepomis by Lepomis notata Rafinesque 1820. •Synonym of Lepomis microlophus (Günther 1859) -- (Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395], Boschung & Mayden 2004:459 [ref. 27995]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis microlophus (Günther 1859). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

notius, Micropterus Bailey [R. M.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1949:2, Pl. 1 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 516; ref. 11647] Head of Ichtucknee Springs at Lead, Columbia County, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 134628. Paratypes: UMMZ 134629 (3), 147193 (2, now 1); USNM 112075 [exc UMMZ 147193] (1). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395]. •Valid as Micropterus notius Bailey & Hubbs 1949 -- (Lee et al. 1980:606 [ref. 22416], Page & Burr 1991:263 [ref. 18983], Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395], Near et al. 2003:1615 [ref. 26940], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2008:17 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:494 [ref. 31215], Bagley et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31509], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:292 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Micropterus notius Bailey & Hubbs 1949. Centrarchidae. Distribution: Southeastern U.S.A.: Florida and Georgia. Habitat: freshwater.

nuecensis, Grystes Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1854:25 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 168] Rio Frio and Rio Nueces, Texas, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:244-245 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Huro salmoides (Lacepède 1802) -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:38 [ref. 12253]). •Synonym of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802) -- (La Rivers 1994:554 [ref. 23389]). •Synonym of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802), subspecies salmoides -- (Gilbert 1998:244 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

obesus, Pomotis Girard [C. F.] 1854:40 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 5 (1854-1856); ref. 18029] Framingham, Plymouth County, and in a branch of the Charles River, at Holliston, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Syntypes: ?MCZ 3284 (1); USNM 7490 (6), 7774 (orig. 5, now 4). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:245 [ref. 23395]. •Valid as Enneacanthus obesus (Girard 1854) -- (Lee et al. 1980:589 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:294 [ref. 22186], Page & Burr 1991:262 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:112 [ref. 23239], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:717 [ref. 21581], Mettee et al. 1996:529 [ref. 25836], Gilbert 1998:245 [ref. 23395], Roe et al. 2002:900 [ref. 26504], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:447 [ref. 27995], Darden 2008:630 [ref. 29819], Scharpf 2008:14 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:491 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:268 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Enneacanthus obesus (Girard 1854). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Eastern U.S.A.: Maine to Florida and Alabama. Habitat: freshwater.

obscurus, Centrarchus DeKay [J. E.] 1842:30, Pl. 17 (fig. 48) [Zoology of New-York; ref. 1098] Onondaga Creek, south of Syracuse, Onondaga County, New York, U.S.A. Syntypes: cabinet of the Lyceum of N. Y. (whereabouts unknown). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:245 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802 -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:35 [ref. 12253], Smith 1986:307 [ref. 22186] and La Rivers 1994:560 [ref. 23389] as dolomieui, Gilbert 1998:245 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

obscurus, Pomotis Agassiz [L.] 1854:302 [8] [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 17; ref. 69] Tennessee River at Huntsville, Alabama, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MCZ 3303. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:245 [ref. 23395]. On p. 8 of separate. •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819 -- (La Rivers 1994:566 [ref. 23389], Gilbert 1998:245 [ref. 23395], Ross et al. 2001:418 [ref. 25978]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

occidentalis, Lepomis Meek [S. E.] 1902:118, Pl. 29 [Field Columbian Museum, Zoölogical Series v. 3 (no. 6); ref. 2957] Río Conchos, at Jimenez, Chihuahua, Mexico. Holotype: FMNH 3560 [not 3660]. Paratypes: FMNH 3544 (1), 59537 [ex FMNH 3560A] (orig. 33, now 27), 72565 (2); UMMZ 162466 [ex FMNH 3560A] (6). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:51 [ref. 12367], Gilbert 1998:245 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820), but a valid subspecies -- (Gilbert 1998:245 [ref. 23395], Scharpf 2008:16 [ref. 30399]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

oculatus, Bryttus Cope [E. D.] 1865:83 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 17; ref. 907] Lake Whittlesey, Minnesota, U.S.A. Lectotype: ANSP 13146. Paralectotypes: ANSP 13147-53 (7), MNHN 0000-2671 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:38 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:245 [ref. 23395]. Lectotype established in Böhlke 1984:38 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Lepomis humilis (Girard 1858) -- (Gilbert 1998:245 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis humilis (Girard 1858). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

ohioensis, Cichla Lesueur [C. A.] 1822:218 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 2; ref. 17517] Ohio River, and Lake Erie, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP (2, lost), Ohio R. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:245 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802 -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:35 [ref. 12253], La Rivers 1994:560 [ref. 23389] as ohiensis and dolomieui, Gilbert 1998:245 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

ophthalmicus, Lepomis Cope [E. D.] 1868:224 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 6 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 909] Headwaters of the Roanoke River, Virginia, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 13058. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:39 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:245-246 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gilbert 1998:246 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

palladus, Labrus Mitchill [S. L.] 1815:407 [Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814); ref. 13292] Near New York City, New York, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:246 [ref. 23395]. Perhaps a misspelling of pallidus, see Gilbert 1998:246 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819 -- (Smith 1986:303 [ref. 22186], La Rivers 1994:566 [ref. 23389]). •Synonym of Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gilbert 1998:246 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

pallida, Lepomis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:50 [Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 7305] Ohio, Miami, Hockhocking rivers, etc., U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:246 [ref. 23395]. Described as belonging to subgenus Aplites, but listed as above. Also in Rafinesque 1820:30 [ref. 3592]. •Questionably a synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802 -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34 [ref. 12253], La Rivers 1994:560 [ref. 23389] as dolomieui). •Either Micropterus dolomieu or Micropterus punctulatus punctulatus (Rafinesque 1819) -- (Gilbert 1998:246 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Uncertain as Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

pallidus, Pomotis Agassiz [L.] 1854:303 [9] [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 17; ref. 69] Tennessee River at Huntsville, Alabama, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MCZ 3202. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:246 [ref. 23395]. On p. 9 of separate. •Hybrid between Lepomis cyanellus x Lepomis macrochirus macrochirus -- (Gilbert 1998:246 [ref. 23395]). •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819 -- (Ross et al. 2001:418 [ref. 25978]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

peltastes, Lepomis Cope [E. D.] 1870:454 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 11 (no. 84); ref. 913] Huron River, near Ann Arbor, Washtenaw County, Michigan, U.S.A. Lectotype: ANSP 12978. Paralectotypes: ANSP 12979-81 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:39 [ref. 13621] as holotype (12978) and paratypes, Gilbert 1998:246 [ref. 23395]. Lectotype established by Fowler 1918:46 [ref. 11665]. •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820) -- (Smith 1986:304 [ref. 22186]). •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820), but a valid subspecies -- (Gilbert 1998:246 [ref. 23395], Scott & Crossman 1998:725 [ref. 24570], Scharpf 2008:16 [ref. 30399]). •Valid as Lepomis peltastes Cope 1870 -- (Bailey et al. 2004:183 [ref. 27882], Page & Burr 2011:500 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Lepomis peltastes Cope 1870. Centrarchidae. Distribution: Great Lakes region, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

pentacanthus, Centrarchus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:88 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Wabash River, Indiana, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5410 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:67 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:246 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque 1817) -- (Gilbert 1998:246 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque 1817). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

phenax, Apomotis Cope [E. D.] & Jordan [D. S.] in Jordan 1877:26 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum [v. 1] No. 10; ref. 2374] Beasley's [=Beesley's] Point, New Jersy, U.S.A. [Locality evidently erroneus, perhaps western Pennsylvania was intended]. Syntypes: ANSP 13188-89 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:39 [ref. 13621] with locality note, Gilbert 1998:246 [ref. 23395]. First author is A. D. Cope. •A hybrid between Lepomis cyanellus x probably Lepomis gibbosus -- (Bailey in Böhlke 1984:39 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:246 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

pinniger, Enneacanthus Gill [T. N.] & Jordan [D. S.] in Jordan 1877:27 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum [v. 1] No. 10; ref. 2374] Tar River, Kinston, North Carolina, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 20491 (6). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:246 [ref. 23395]. Author is T. N. Gill. •Synonym of Enneacanthus gloriosus (Holbrook 1855) -- (Gilbert 1998:246 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Enneacanthus gloriosus (Holbrook 1855). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

pomotis, Centrarchus Baird [S. F.] 1855:325 [11] [Smithsonian Institution Annual Report 9 (for 1854); ref. 164] Cedar Swamp Creek, Beesley's Point, Cape May County, New Jersey; Hackensack River, Rockland County, New York, U.S.A. Syntypes: (6) USNM 32490 (orig. 6, now 5) Cedar Swamp Creek. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:246-247 [ref. 23395]. On p. 11 of separate. •Valid as Acantharchus pomotis (Baird 1855) -- (Lee et al. 1980:577 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:290 [ref. 22186], Cashner et al. 1989 [ref. 13576], Page & Burr 1991:261 [ref. 18983], Pardue 1993 [ref. 21025], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:708 [ref. 21581], Gilbert 1998:246 [ref. 23395], Roe et al. 2002:903 [ref. 26504], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2008:12 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:491 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:259 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Acantharchus pomotis (Baird 1855). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Eastern U.S.A.: New York to Florida; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

popeii, Pomotis Girard [C. F.] 1858:26 [General report upon zoology of the several Pacific railroad routes, 1857; ref. 4911] Headwaters of Colorado River, Texas, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 479 (2). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:247 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820) -- (Gilbert 1998:247 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

protacanthus, Pomoxys Gill [T. N.] 1865:66 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 17; ref. 12608] Tarboro, North Carolina, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 4565. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:247 [ref. 23395] with comment on locality as questionable. •Synonym of Pomoxis annularis Rafinesque 1818 -- (La Rivers 1994:580 [ref. 23389], Gilbert 1998:247 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Pomoxis annularis Rafinesque 1818. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

pseudaplites, Micropterus Hubbs [C. L.] 1927:8, Pl. 1 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 184; ref. 15794] Forbush Creek, tributary to Cumberland River, near Mill Springs, Wayne County, Kentucky, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 67030. Paratypes: FMNH 1353 (2), 2172 (1), 2177 (2), 6524 (3), 14467-71 (5); UMMZ (30 lots); USNM 16915 (1), 36572 (6), 40708 (2), 40720 (1), 41040 (1), 46260 (3), 56953 (3), 61988-92 (2, 10, 8, 7, 6), 61994-200 (12, 12, 14, 2, 7, 3, 1), 62002-03 (1, 1), 62005 (1), 63148 (3), 63882-83 (1, 1), 66433 (1), 66436 (1), 69178 (2), 92822-23 (5, 1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:57 [ref. 12367], Gilbert 1998:247 [ref. 23395]. Some paratypes are also types of Micropterus punctulatus wichitae. •Synonym of Micropterus punctulatus (Rafinesque 1819) -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:14 [ref. 12253]). •Synonym of Micropterus punctulatus (Rafinesque 1819), subspecies punctulatus -- (Gilbert 1998:247 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus punctulatus (Rafinesque 1819). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

punctatus, Bryttus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:462 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] No locality [probably Charleston, South Carolina]. Lectotype: MNHN A-2981. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-1701 (1, poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:66 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:247 [ref. 23395]. Lectotype selected by Warren 1992:34 [ref. 21505]. •Valid as Lepomis punctatus (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Lee et al. 1980:602 [ref. 22416], Robison & Buchanan 1988:376 [ref. 23393], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:186 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:268 [ref. 18983], Warren 1992:34 [ref. 21505], Etnier & Starnes 1993:424 [ref. 22809], Warren et al. 1994:133 [ref. 25557], Knight & Hastings 1994:150 [ref. 25560], Gilbert 1998:247 [ref. 23395], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2008:16 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:501 [ref. 31215] with 2 subspecies, Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:287 [ref. 35886] with 2 subspecies). Current status: Valid as Lepomis punctatus (Valenciennes 1831). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Mostly southeastern U.S.A. Atlantic drainages and peninsular Florida [subspecies punctatus]. Habitat: freshwater.

punctulatus, Calliurus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1819:420 [Journal de Physique, de Chimie et d'Histoire Naturelle v. 88; ref. 3590] Ohio River, at falls, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:247 [ref. 23395]. Also in Rafinesque 1820:374 [ref. 7308] and 1820:26 [ref. 3592] as Calliurus puctulatuse. •Valid as Micropterus punctulatus [sometimes as subspecies punctulatus] (Rafinesque 1819) -- (Lee et al. 1980:607 [ref. 22416], Robison & Buchanan 1988:382 [ref. 23393], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:173 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:264 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:114 [ref. 23239], Etnier & Starnes 1993:432 [ref. 22809], Skelton 1993:288 [ref. 24071], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:730 [ref. 21581], Warren et al. 1994:133 [ref. 25557], Knight & Hastings 1994:150 [ref. 25560], Stauffer et al. 1995:281 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:206 [ref. 23394], Mettee et al. 1996:553 [ref. 25836], Gilbert 1998:247 [ref. 23395], Williams & Burgess 1999:90 [ref. 24029], Fuller et al. 1999:371 [ref. 25838], Ross et al. 2001:429 [ref. 25978], Skelton 2001:288 [ref. 27406], Moyle 2002:404 [ref. 26449], Near et al. 2003:1615 [ref. 26940], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:322 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:468 [ref. 27995], Baker et al. 2008:58 [ref. 29784], Scharpf 2008:17 [ref. 30399], Minckley & Marsh 2009:291 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:494 [ref. 31215], Marshall 2011:208 [ref. 31755], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:294 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Micropterus punctulatus (Rafinesque 1819). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Widespread in eastern U.S.A., also introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

purpurescens, Lepomis Cope [E. D.] 1870:454 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 11 (no. 84); ref. 913] Yadkin River, Roane County [= Rowan], North Carolina, U.S.A. Lectotype: ANSP 13066. Paralectotypes: ANSP 13067-77 (11). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:39 [ref. 13621] as holotype (13066) and paratypes, Gilbert 1998:247 [ref. 23395]. Lectotype not established by Böhlke 1984 but established by Gilbert 1998:247 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819 -- (La Rivers 1994:566 [ref. 23389] as purpurascens). •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subspecies -- (Robison & Buchanan 1988:371 [ref. 23393], Scott & Crossman 1998:720 [ref. 24570], Ross et al. 2001:418 [ref. 25978], Moyle 2002:381 [ref. 26449]). •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819, subspecies macrochirus -- (Gilbert 1998:247 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

ravenelii, Pomotis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:465 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN A-2871 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:68 [ref. 12478] as holotype, Gilbert 1998:248 [ref. 23395] as a syntype. •Synonym of Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gilbert 1998:248 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

reticulatus, Bryttus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:463 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] [Possibly Cooper River] sent from Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN A-2892 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:66 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:248 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis punctatus (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Warren 1992:34 [ref. 21505], Gilbert 1998:248 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis punctatus (Valenciennes 1831). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

rubricauda, Pomotis Storer [D. H.] 1842:177 [Boston Journal of Natural History v. 4 (no. 2) (art. 14); ref. 18829] Concord River, Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Syntypes: (3) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:248 [ref. 23395]. Species originally spelled as rubri-cauda. •Synonym of Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gilbert 1998:248 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

rupestris, Bodianus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1817:120 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 18584] Lakes of New York, Vermont, Canada, etc. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:248 [ref. 23395]. •Valid as Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque 1817) -- (Lee et al. 1980:581 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:291 [ref. 22186], Robison & Buchanan 1988:363 [ref. 23393], McAllister 1990:139 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:176 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:260 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:111 [ref. 23239], Etnier & Starnes 1993:401 [ref. 22809], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:699 [ref. 21581], Baxter & Stone 1995:226 [ref. 23374], Stauffer et al. 1995:262 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:191 [ref. 23394], Mettee et al. 1996:523 [ref. 25836], Gilbert 1998:248 [ref. 23395], Scott & Crossman 1998:703 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:354 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:43 [ref. 26594], Ross et al. 2001:404 [ref. 25978], Roe et al. 2002:903 [ref. 26504], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:176 [ref. 27816], Bailey et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27882], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:296 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:443 [ref. 27995], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:523 [ref. 29996], Roe et al. 2008:858 [ref. 29951], Scharpf 2008:13 [ref. 30399], Minckley & Marsh 2009:283 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:489 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque 1817). Centrarchidae. Distribution: North America; introduced in Europe. Habitat: freshwater.

salmoides, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:716, 717, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Carolinas, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:100 [ref. 19171], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:98 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:248 [ref. 23395]. Based on a manuscript and figure of Bosc. •Valid as Huro salmoides (Lacepède 1802) -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:37 [ref. 12253]). •Valid as Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802), subspecies salmoides -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:494 [ref. 25598], Ross et al. 2001:436 [ref. 25978], Scharpf 2008:18 [ref. 30399]). •Valid as Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802) -- (Berg 1949:1010 [ref. 20662], Okada 1961:753 [ref. 6363], Lee et al. 1980:608 [ref. 22416], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:142 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:307 [ref. 22186], Robison & Buchanan 1988:385 [ref. 23393], McAllister 1990:140 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:169 [ref. 24089], Coad 1991:21 [ref. 15702], Page & Burr 1991:263 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:115 [ref. 23239], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:64 [ref. 22290], Etnier & Starnes 1993:433 [ref. 22809], Skelton 1993:286 [ref. 24071], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:732 [ref. 21581], La Rivers 1994:554 [ref. 23389], Warren et al. 1994:133 [ref. 25557], Knight & Hastings 1994:150 [ref. 25560], Baxter & Stone 1995:236 [ref. 23374], Coad 1995:27 [ref. 23608], Zhu 1995:205 [ref. 25213], Stauffer et al. 1995:283 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:208 [ref. 23394], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Mettee et al. 1996:555 [ref. 25836], Andersen & Deacon 1996:126 [ref. 24717], Sigler & Sigler 1996:264 [ref. 25943], Murdy et al. 1997:243 [ref. 23144], Kim 1997:517 [ref. 24032], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:749 [ref. 24702], Gilbert 1998:248 [ref. 23395], Popova 1998:117 [ref. 23588], Scott & Crossman 1998:734 [ref. 24570], Sato et al. 1998:40 [ref. 24972], Williams & Burgess 1999:90 [ref. 24029], Mizuno et al. 1999:8 [ref. 25311], Fuller et al. 1999:372 [ref. 25838], Ruiz-Campos et al. 2000:78 [ref. 24940], Nakabo 2000:745 [ref. 25086], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:73 [ref. 25191], Lyons et al. 2000:43 [ref. 26594], Matsuura et al. 2000:214 [ref. 26000], Sakai et al. 2001:95 [ref. 25693], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:201 [ref. 26728], Skelton 2001:286 [ref. 27406], Kim & Park 2002:340 [ref. 25913], Nakabo 2002:745 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:318, 596 [ref. 26218], Moyle 2002:397 [ref. 26449], Roe et al. 2002:903 [ref. 26504], López et al. 2002:59 [ref. 26808], Near et al. 2003:1615 [ref. 26940], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:186 [ref. 27816], Hanel 2003:62 [ref. 27894], Bailey et al. 2004:185 [ref. 27882], Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:324 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:470 [ref. 27995], Seegers et al. 2003:46 [ref. 28087], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:203 [ref. 28183], Mundy 2005:352 [ref. 28379], Hanel & Lusk 2005:344 [ref. 28804], Miller 2006:334 [ref. 28615], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:524 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:514 [ref. 31199], Minckley & Marsh 2009:292 [ref. 31114], Matamoros et al. 2009:17 [ref. 31241], Page & Burr 2011:493 [ref. 31215] with two subspecies, Bagley et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31509] with 2 subspecies, Marshall 2011:204 [ref. 31755], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708], Kottelat 2013:329 [ref. 32989], Angulo et al. 2013:999 [ref. 33194], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:44 [ref. 33341], Barbieri et al. 2015:101 [ref. 35029], Zhang et al. 2016:212 [ref. 34477], Bertaco et al. 2016:435 [ref. 34561], Fricke et al. 2018:163 [ref. 35805], Robins et al. 2018:296 [ref. 35886] with 2 subspecies). Current status: Valid as Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Native to eastern half of North America, introduced widely elsewhere. Peninsular Florida population north to St. Johns River treated as a subspecies floridanus. Habitat: freshwater.

salmonea, Lepomis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:52 [Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 7305] Kentucky, Ohio, Green and Licking rivers, etc., U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:248 [ref. 23395]. Described as belonging to subgenus Dioplites, but listed as above. Also in Rafinesque 1820:32 [ref. 3592]. •Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802 -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34 [ref. 12253], La Rivers 1994:560 [ref. 23389] as dolomieui, Gilbert 1998:248 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

sanguinolentus, Pomotis Agassiz [L.] 1854:301 [7] [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 17; ref. 69] Tennessee River at Huntsville, Alabama, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:248 [ref. 23395]. On p. 7 of separate. •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820), subspecies megalotis -- (Gilbert 1998:248 [ref. 23395]). •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820) -- (Boschung & Mayden 2004:458 [ref. 27995]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

sericea, Pikea Fowler [H. W.] 1938:23, Fig. 2 [Hong Kong Naturalist No. 6, Suppl.; ref. 17760] Hong Kong, China. Holotype: ANSP 68289. Paratypes: ANSP 68290 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:156 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:249 [ref. 23395]. A North American fish introduced in China. •Synonym of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802), subspecies salmoides -- (Gilbert 1998:249 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

signifer, Bryttus Girard [C. F.] 1858:201 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 9 (no. 15) (for 1857); ref. 1811] Rio Medina, Texas, U.S.A. Syntypes: [all originally USNM 422] ANSP 13187 (1), MCZ 3109 (1), MNHN 0285 (1), USNM 422 (orig. 6, now 2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:39 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:249 [ref. 23395] with locality information. •Synonym of Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819 -- (La Rivers 1994:571 [ref. 23389], Gilbert 1998:249 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

simulans, Hemioplites Cope [E. D.] 1868:217, Pl. [22] 26 (fig. 7) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 6 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 909] Tuckahoe Creek, tributary of James River, above Richmond, Virginia, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 13449. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:39 [ref. 13621], Gilbert 1998:249 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Enneacanthus gloriosus (Holbrook 1855) -- (Gilbert 1998:249 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Enneacanthus gloriosus (Holbrook 1855). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

solis, Pomotis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:468 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Lake Pontchartrain, Louisiana, U.S.A. Lectotype: MNHN B-2826 (dry mount). Paralectotypes: ?MNHN A-2867 (1, missing). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:69 [ref. 12478] with a holotype, Gilbert 1998:249-250 [ref. 23395]. Lectotype selected by Gilbert 1998:249 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820), subspecies megalotis -- (Gilbert 1998:250 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis megalotis (Rafinesque 1820). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

sparoides, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:449, 518, Pl. 24 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Great Equatorial Ocean [actual South Carolina, U.S.A.]. No types known. Type information: Bauchot 1963:100 [ref. 19171], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:98 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:250 [ref. 23395]. Based on a drawing by Bosc (not Commerson). •Synonym of Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur 1829) -- (La Rivers 1994:576 [ref. 23389], Ross et al. 2001:438 [ref. 25978]). •Synonym of Centrarchus macropterus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Gilbert 1998:250 [ref. 23395], Fricke 1999:367 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Centrarchus macropterus (Lacepède 1801). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

speciosus, Pomotis Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1854:24 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 168] Rio Grande, at Brownsville, Cameron County, Texas, U.S.A. Syntypes: MCZ 36004 [ex USNM 482] (1); USNM 432 (3), 482 (orig. 5, now 2). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:250 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819 -- (La Rivers 1994:566 [ref. 23389]). •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819, subspecies macrochirus -- (Gilbert 1998:250 [ref. 23395]). •Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subspecies -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:720 [ref. 24570], Scharpf 2008:15 [ref. 30399]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque 1819. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

speciosus, Pomotis Holbrook [J. E.] 1855:48, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 3 (art. 1); ref. 15935] St. Johns River, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MCZ 3245. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:250 [ref. 23395]. Objectively invalid. Apparently independent of, and preoccupied by Pomotis speciosus Baird & Girard 1854. •Synonym of Lepomis microlophus (Günther 1859) -- (Gilbert 1998:250 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis microlophus (Günther 1859). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

stercorarius, Lepomis Gill [T. N.] in Jordan 1877:26 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum [v. 1] No. 10; ref. 2374] Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:250 [ref. 23395]. Not available, manuscript name mentioned in passing in synonymy of Lepiopomus apiatus (Cope 1877). •In the synonymy of Lepomis punctatus (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Warren 1992:34 [ref. 21505], Gilbert 1998:250 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis punctatus (Valenciennes 1831). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

storeria, Cichla Kirtland [J. P.] 1838:168, 191 [Report on the zoology of Ohio v. 1 (pt. 2); ref. 18399] Ohio River, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:250-251 [ref. 23395] dating to 1841. Minimal description but regarded as available. •Synonym of Pomoxis annularis Rafinesque 1818 -- (La Rivers 1994:580 [ref. 23389], Gilbert 1998:250 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Pomoxis annularis Rafinesque 1818. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

symmetricus, Lepomis Forbes [S. A.] in Jordan & Gilbert 1883:473 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 16; ref. 2476] Illinois River at Pekin, Tazewell County, Illinois, U.S.A. Lectotype: INHS 75004. Paralectotypes: (14) INHS 75005-06 (7, 2); MCZ 25014 (1); CAS-SU 1276 (3); USNM 29864 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291], Smith & Bridges 1960:254 [ref. 21197], Sabaj et al. 1997:275 [ref. 23225], Gilbert 1998:251 [ref. 23395]. Lectotype selected by Burr 1977:442 [ref. 21199]. •Valid as Lepomis symmetricus Forbes 1883 -- (Burr 1977:436 [ref. 21199], Lee et al. 1980:603 [ref. 22416], Robison & Buchanan 1988:378 [ref. 23393], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:189 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:268 [ref. 18983], Etnier & Starnes 1993:426 [ref. 22809], Warren et al. 1994:133 [ref. 25557], Gilbert 1998:251 [ref. 23395], Ross et al. 2001:425 [ref. 25978], Nelson et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:318 [ref. 27931], Scharpf 2008:16 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:501 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Lepomis symmetricus Forbes 1883. Centrarchidae. Distribution: South-central U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

tallapoosae, Micropterus Baker [W. H.], Johnston [C. E.] & Blanton [R. E.] in Baker, Blanton & Johnston 2013:393, Figs. 1, 3A-C [Zootaxa 3635 (no. 4); ref. 32561] Emuckfaw Creek, 4.8 km north of State Hwy 22, Tallapoosa, Alabama. Holotype: ISNM 308702. Paratypes: AUM 51604 (1), 51605 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Micropterus tallapoosae Baker, Johnston & Blanton 2013. Current status: Valid as Micropterus tallapoosae Baker, Johnston & Blanton 2013. Centrarchidae. Distribution: Tallapoosa River, Alabama, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

treculii, Dioplites nuecensis Vaillant [L. L.] & Bocourt [F.] 1874:142, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Mission scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amérique centrale Part 4; ref. 4498] San Antonio de Bexar, [= Rio San Antonio or tributary, San Antonio], Bexar County, Texas, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5400. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:67 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:251 [ref. 23395]. Appeared first in Plate as above, description in 1883:141. •Synonym of Micropterus punctulatus (Rafinesque 1819) -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:14 [ref. 12253]). •Valid as Micropterus treculii (Vaillant & Bocourt 1874) -- (Lee et al. 1980:609 [ref. 22416], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:175 [ref. 24089] as treculi, Page & Burr 1991:264 [ref. 18983] as treculi, Gilbert 1998:251 [ref. 23395] as treculi, Fuller et al. 1999:374 [ref. 25838], Near et al. 2003:1615 [ref. 26940] as treculi, Nelson et al. 2004:131 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2008:18 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:496 [ref. 31215], Bagley et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31509], Page et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Micropterus treculii (Vaillant & Bocourt 1874). Centrarchidae. Distribution: Texas, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

trifasciata, Lepomis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:51 [Western Revue and Miscellaneous Magazine: a monthly publ., devoted to literature and science, Lexington, KY v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 7305] Ohio River and many other streams, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:251 [ref. 23395]. Described as belonging to subgenus Aplites, but listed as above. Also in Rafinesque 1820:31 [ref. 3592]. •Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802 -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:34 [ref. 12253], La Rivers 1994:560 [ref. 23389] as dolomieui, Gilbert 1998:251 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

trutta, Perca Bosc [L. A. G.] in Lacepède 1802:717 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Not available, name only, in the account of Labrus salmoides Lacepède. •In the synonymy of Huro salmoides (Lacepède 1802) -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:38 [ref. 12253]). •In the synonymy of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède 1802). Centrarchidae.

unicolor, Bryttus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:464 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-2800 (1) Philadelphia, 0000-2798 (1, poor condition) Charleston. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:66 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:251 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gilbert 1998:251 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus 1758). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

variabilis, Dioplites Vaillant [L. L.] & Bocourt [F.] (ex Lesueur) 1874:[142], Pl. 4 (fig. 4) [Mission scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amérique centrale Part 4; ref. 4498] Wabash River, New Harmony, Indiana, U.S.A. No types known. Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:251-252 [ref. 23395]. Original not seen. Mentioned in Jordan 1879-80:224 [ref. 10446] and described in Vaillant & Bocourt 1882:142 [ref. 4498]. •Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802 -- (Hubbs & Bailey 1940:35 [ref. 12253], La Rivers 1994:560 [ref. 23389] as dolomieui, Gilbert 1998:252 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

velox, Micropterus dolomieu Hubbs [C. L.] & Bailey [R. M.] 1940:29, Pls. 1 (fig. 5), 4 (fig. 2) [Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan No. 48; ref. 12253] Elk River, tributary to Grand River of the Arkansas River system, at Turkey Ford, Delaware County, Oklahoma, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 118296. Paratypes: (452) UMMZ (31 lots); UOMZ (7 lots); USNM 42968 (1), 59125 (1), 59167 (7), 62008 (4), 62011 (2). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:252 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Lee et al. 1980:605 [ref. 22416] and La Rivers 1994:565 [ref. 23389] as dolomieui, Scott & Crossman 1998:729 [ref. 24570] as dolomieui, Ross et al. 2001:429 [ref. 25978], Scharpf 2008:17 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:495 [ref. 31215]). •Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802 -- (Robison & Buchanan 1988:381 [ref. 23393] as dolomieui, Gilbert 1998:252 [ref. 23395], Bagley et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31509]). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus dolomieu Lacepède 1802. Centrarchidae. Distribution: South-central U.S.A. when treated as a vaild subspecies. Habitat: freshwater.

viridis, Centrarchus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:460 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN A-2904 (2, not found). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:97 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:252 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Chaenobryttus gulosus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Gilbert 1998:252 [ref. 23395]). •Synonym of Lepomis gulosus (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis gulosus (Cuvier 1829). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

vulgaris, Pomotis Cuvier [G.] 1829:147 (footnote 1) [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. Lectotype: MNHN A-2861. Paralectotypes or non-types: MNHN 0000-5346 (2), 6417 (orig. 2, now 1), A-2828 (1), A-2863 (2), A-2866 (1), A-5411 (1, dry). Cuvier specimens: SMF 3101 [ex MNHN in year 1830] (1) New York. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:69 [ref. 12478], Gilbert 1998:252 [ref. 23395] but dating to ref. 4879. As "Pomotis vulgaris, Nob., ou Labrus auritus Lin., appelé Perche d'étang aux États-Units. Catesby., II, viii, 2, Cuv. et Val. III, pl. 49" [pl. 49] published after ref. 995 and p. 91 [ref. 4879] also published after ref. 995. Lectotype selected by Gilbert 1998:252 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1986:300 [ref. 22186], Gilbert 1998:252 [ref. 23395]). Current status: Synonym of Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus 1758). Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.

warriorensis, Micropterus Baker [W. H.], Johnston [C. E.] & Blanton [R. E.] in Baker, Blanton & Johnston 2013:396, Fig. 1, 4A-C [Zootaxa 3635 (no. 4); ref. 32561] Cavert Prong, Black Warrier River, 4.0 km north of Oneonta, Blount County, Alabama. Holotype: USNM 398704. Paratypes: AUM 51060 (1), 51061 (1). •Valid as Micropterus warriorensis Baker, Johnston & Blanton 2013. Current status: Valid as Micropterus warriorensis Baker, Johnston & Blanton 2013. Centrarchidae. Distribution: Black Warrior River, Alabama, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

wichitae, Micropterus punctulatus Hubbs [C. L.] & Bailey [R. M.] 1940:19, Pl. 6 [Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan No. 48; ref. 12253] Headwaters of West Cache Creek, Wichita Mountains, 9 miles northwest of Cache, Comanche County, Oklahoma, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 118299. Paratypes: UMMZ 80300 (52), 80310 (4), 80315 (94), 80323 (15), 81146 (42), 108773 (1), 108774 (2); UOMZ 6297 (67), 6312 (135), 6318 (19), 6322 (1), 6324 (7); USNM 77940 (1), 117552 (2). Type catalog: Gilbert 1998:252-253 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Micropterus punctulatus (Rafinesque 1819), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Robison & Buchanan 1988:383 [ref. 23393]). •Hybrid between Micropterus dolomieu x Micropterus punctulatus punctulatus -- (Gilbert 1998:253 [ref. 23395], Bagley et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31509]). Current status: Synonym of Micropterus. Centrarchidae. Habitat: freshwater.