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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Cepolidae: [ 68 ] records


abbreviata, Cepola Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:403 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Molucca Archipelago, Anjer Strait, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-7123 (1) Java; Moluccas specimen not found. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:28 [ref. 15502]. Spelled abreviata with description (p. 403) and abbreviata in index (p. xxiii), the latter regarded as correctly formed. •Valid as Acanthocepola abbreviata (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Krishnan & Mishra 1993:229 [ref. 24016], Randall 1995:303 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:414 [ref. 27969] with Cuvier & Valenciennes as authors, Allen 1997:174 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:206 [ref. 23922], Allen & Swainston 1988:108 [ref. 25477], Imai in Randall & Lim 2000:625 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:111 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Smith-Vaniz 2001:3332 [ref. 26130], Allen & Adrim 2003:44 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Hoese 2006:1361 [ref. 28988], Allen & Erdmann 2012:750 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:164 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:170 [ref. 34464], Motomura et al. 2017:171 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:336 [ref. 36183], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:219 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Acanthocepola abbreviata (Valenciennes 1835). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf east to Papua New Guinea, north to northern Vietnam and Philippines, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

ainonaka, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:35, Fig. 28 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] New South Wales, off Coffs Harbour, Australia, 30°18'S, 153°26'E, depth 183 meters. Holotype (unique): AMS I.33437-002. •Valid as Owstonia ainonaka Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia ainonaka Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

aotea, Cepola Waite [E. R.] 1910:26 [Transactions of the New Zealand Institute Part 1 (1910); ref. 4565] New Zealand. Syntypes: (several) CMC F1636 (1) Waimarama, Hakes Bay. Type catalog: Freeman & Tunnicliffe 1997:8 [ref. 22860] but with a holotype. Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Waite 1911:217, Pl. 44 [ref. 14826]. •Valid as Cepola aotea Waite 1910 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:205 [ref. 24556]). •Synonym of Cepola haastii (Hector 1881) -- (Anderson 1994:22 [ref. 21438]). Current status: Synonym of Cepola haastii (Hector 1881). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Habitat: marine.

attenuata, Cepola Swainson [W.] 1839:259, 400, Fig. 127d [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Monod 1973:368 [ref. 7193]). •Synonym of Cepola rubescens Linnaeus 1764 -- (Quéro 1990:853 [ref. 18537]). Current status: Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Habitat: marine.

australis, Cepola Ogilby [J. D.] 1899:185 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 24 (pt 1); ref. 3279] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.3492. •Valid as Cepola australis Ogilby 1899 -- (Kuiter 1993:312 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:658 [ref. 22532], Johnson 1999:742 [ref. 25471], Smith-Vaniz 2001:3332 [ref. 26130], Hoese 2006:1361 [ref. 28998], Smith-Vaniz 2008:633 [ref. 30654]). Current status: Valid as Cepola australis Ogilby 1899. Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Distribution: Australia: New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

contodon, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:40, Figs. 29-30 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] Iloilo Province, Panay Island, found in Iloilo City "super" fish market, Philippines. Holotype: PNM 15193 (ex USNM 438011). Paratypes: MNHN, USNM. •Valid as Owstonia contodon Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia contodon Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

crassa, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:42, Figs. 31-32 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] New Caledonia, 22°6'S, 167°10'1.2"E, depth 500-550 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2002-3164. Paratypes: MNHN. •Valid as Owstonia crassa Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia crassa Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: New Caledonia and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

cuneatus, Acanthocepola Smith [J. L. B.] 1935:193, Pl. 21 (fig. A) [Records of the Albany Museum Grahamstown v. 4; ref. 4066] South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 51 [ex AMG]. •Synonym of Acanthocepola limbata (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1986:728 [ref. 5718], Smith-Vaniz 2001:3332 [ref. 26130]). Current status: Synonym of Acanthocepola limbata (Valenciennes 1835). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Habitat: marine.

dispar, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:44, Fig. 33 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] Solomon Islands, 10°12'7.2"S, 161°28'1.2"E, depth 381-383 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 2002-3720. •Valid as Owstonia dispar Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia dispar Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

dorypterus, Loxopseudochromis Fowler [H. W.] 1934:354, Fig. 106 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Off northern Mindanao Island, Philippines, Albatross station D.5516, depth 175 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93166 (illustrated). Paratypes: USNM 93166 (1, in jar with holotype). Lectotype designated by Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:45 [ref. 34879]; may not be needed. •Valid as Owstonia dorypterus (Fowler 1934) -- (Imai in Randall & Lim 2000:625 [ref. 25122], Smith-Vaniz 2001:3332 [ref. 26130], Liao et al. 2009:522 [ref. 30453], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:45 [ref. 34879]). Current status: Valid as Owstonia dorypterus (Fowler 1934). Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

elongata, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:46, Fig. 35 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] Vanuatu, 15°7'58.8"S, 166°52'58.8"E, depth 191-248 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2014-2934. Paratypes: MNHN, USNM. •Valid as Owstonia elongata Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia elongata Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Vanuatu and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

fallax, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:47, Fig. 36 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] Queensland, NE of Hinchinbrook Island, Australia, 17°49'S, 146°51'E, depth 170 meters. Holotype (unique): CSIRO H.763-06. Other material: USNM. •Valid as Owstonia fallax Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia fallax Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

geminata, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:48, Fig. 37 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] Vanuatu, 15°7'58.8"S, 166°52'58.8"E, depth 191-248 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2016-0021. Paratypes: ASIZP, MNHN. •Valid as Owstonia geminata Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia geminata Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Vanuatu and Philippines.

gigas, Cepola Swainson [W.] 1839:259, 401 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] No locality. Holotype (unique): BMNH (whereabouts unknown). •Questionably a synonym of Cepola rubescens Linnaeus 1764 -- (Quéro 1990:853 [ref. 18537]). •Questionably a synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Monod 1973:368 [ref. 7193]). Current status: Uncertain as Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Habitat: marine.

grammodon, Opsipseudochromis Fowler [H. W.] 1934:357, Fig. 107 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Dowarra Island, 0°50'S, 128°12'E, Sulawesi, Indonesia, Albatross station D.5629. Holotype (unique): USNM 93167. •Valid as Sphenanthias grammodon (Fowler 1934) -- (Smith-Vaniz 2001:3332 [ref. 26130], Fricke et al. 2014:111 [ref. 33932]). •In genus Sphenanthias -- (Liao et al. 2009:522 [ref. 30453]). •Valid as Owstonia grammodon (Fowler 1934) -- (Machida in Masuda et al. 1984:201 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:914 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:327 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:914 [ref. 26193], Prokofiev 2010:408 [ref. 32450], Endo et al. 2015:[7] [ref. 33765], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:50 [ref. 34879]). Current status: Valid as Owstonia grammodon (Fowler 1934). Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Sulawesi and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

gularis, Cepola Swainson [W.] 1839:259, 401, Fig. 129 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] On p. 259 as gularis with reference to appendix [p. 401]; in appendix spelled jugularis. Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Habitat: marine.

haastii, Hypolycodes Hector [J.] 1881:194 [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 13 (art. 20) (for 1880); ref. 2080] Waimarama, East Coast, Wellington, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Cepola haastii (Hector 1881) -- (Anderson 1994:22 [ref. 21438], Stewart 2015:1364 [ref. 34196]). Current status: Valid as Cepola haastii (Hector 1881). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

hastata, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:51, Fig. 39 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] Queensland, east of Dunk Island, Australia, 18°0'S, 147°4'E, depth 260 meters. Holotype: NTM S.11779-002. Paratype: AMS. •Valid as Owstonia hastata Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia hastata Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

hawaiiensis, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:52, Figs. 40-41 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] Hawaiian Islands, Mauno Kea Ledge, 19°54'N, 154°57.7'W, depth 366 meters (1200 ft). Holotype: BPBM 29660. Other material: LACM. •Valid as Owstonia hawaiiensis Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia hawaiiensis Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Hawaii. Habitat: marine.

hungta, Cepola Richardson [J.] 1846:277 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] China Seas. No types known. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:215, Pl. 8b [ref. 11606]). Cepolidae: Cepolinae.

ignota, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:54, Fig. 42 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] Mariana Islands, near Saipan, in vicinity of active submarine volcano (Ruby Volcano), 15°36'N, 145°34'E, found floating at surface over depth of 186 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 344400. •Valid as Owstonia ignota Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia ignota Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Mariana Islands. Habitat: marine.

indica, Cepola Day [F.] 1888:796 [The fishes of India Suppl.; ref. 1082] Madras, India. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:160 [ref. 23762]. •Synonym of Acanthocepola limbata (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Smith-Vaniz 2001:3332 [ref. 26130]). •Valid as Acanthocepola indica (Day 1888) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:201 [ref. 6441], Mok 1988:507 [ref. 12752], Chen et al. 1997:131 [ref. 26476], Imai in Randall & Lim 2000:625 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:915 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:327 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:915 [ref. 26193], Psomadakis et al. 2015:293 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:171 [ref. 35490], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:220 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Acanthocepola indica (Day 1888). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Pakistan east to Philippines, north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

japonica, Owstonia Kamohara [T.] 1935:133, Fig. 2 [Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses v. 15 (no. 1); ref. 2549] Japan. Holotype (unique): BSKU (lost). Holotype lost in 1945 (see Kamohara 1961:1 [ref. 19282]). •Valid as Owstonia japonica Kamohara 1935 -- (Endo et al. 2015:[7] [ref. 33765], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:56 [ref. 34879]). Current status: Valid as Owstonia japonica Kamohara 1935. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Japan. Habitat: marine.

jugularis, Cepola Swainson [W.] 1839:401, Figs. 127a, 129 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Near Nice, Département des Alpes-Maritimes, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. By elimination and inference, this corresponds to Cepola gularis of Swainson on p. 259 of same work. •Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Monod 1973:368 [ref. 7193]). •Synonym of Cepola rubescens Linnaeus 1764 -- (Quéro 1990:853 [ref. 18537] but not following prioity). Current status: Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Habitat: marine.

kamoharai, Owstonia Endo [H.], Liao [Y.-C.] & Matsuura [K.] 2015:[2], Figs. 2a-d, 3 [Ichthyological Research v. 63 (no. 1); ref. 33765] Mimase fish market, off Kan-no-ura, Tohyoh Town, Kochi, Shikoku Island, Japan, depth 200 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 109686. Paratypes: BSKU, FAKU, NSMT-P. •Valid as Owstonia kamoharai Endo, Liao & Matsuura 2015 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:58 [ref. 34879]). Current status: Valid as Owstonia kamoharai Endo, Liao & Matsuura 2015. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Japan, Arafura Sea and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

krusensternii, Cepola Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1845:130, Pl. 71 (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Parts 7-9; ref. 4373] Seas of Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 1530a. Paralectotypes: ?BMNH (1); RMNH 1530 (4), D2005 and D2006 (2, stuffed), 2421 (1); ZMB 1782 (1). Type catalog: Paepke 2001:329 [ref. 25566] as krusensterinii. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:114 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Acanthocepola krusensternii (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:201 [ref. 6441] as kursensterni, Mok 1988:507 [ref. 12752], Johnson 1999:742 [ref. 25471], Imai in Randall & Lim 2000:625 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:915 [ref. 25182], Shimizu 2001:33 [ref. 25799], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:327 [ref. 25995], Smith-Vaniz 2001:3332 [ref. 26130] as krustensternii, Nakabo 2002:915 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:361, 629 [ref. 26218] as krusensterni, Allen & Adrim 2003:44 [ref. 26830], Hoese 2006:1361 [ref. 28998], Allen & Erdmann 2012:751 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:164 [ref. 32988], Motomura et al. 2017:171 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Acanthocepola krusensternii (Temminck & Schlegel 1845). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines, China, Taiwan and Japan, south to Australia. Habitat: marine.

lanspada, Cepola Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 119 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy of Cepola rubescens Linnaeus 1764. •In the synonymy of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Habitat: marine.

lepiota, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:60, Figs. 49-50 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] Tanzania, 6°21'12"S, 39°54"E, depth 200 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 344575. •Valid as Owstonia lepiota Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia lepiota Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: marine.

limbata, Cepola Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:402 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Japan. No types at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:28 [ref. 15502]. Based on Tilesius 1814:Pl. 60 (fig. 2) [ref. 19304]. •Valid as Acanthocepola limbata (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:201 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz 1986:728 [ref. 5718], Chen et al. 1997:131 [ref. 26476], Adam et al. 1998:13 [ref. 23610], Imai in Randall & Lim 2000:625 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:915 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:327 [ref. 25995], Smith-Vaniz 2001:3332 [ref. 26130], Nakabo 2002:915 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:361, 629 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:44 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Hoese 2006:1361 [ref. 28998], Allen & Erdmann 2012:751 [ref. 31980], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:220 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Acanthocepola limbata (Valenciennes 1835). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia, Vietnam, China and Taiwan to Japan. Habitat: marine.

longicauda, Cepola Swainson [W.] 1839:399 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Britain. No types known. •Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Monod 1973:368 [ref. 7193]). •Synonym of Cepola rubescens Linnaeus 1764 -- (Quéro 1990:853 [ref. 18537] but not following priority). Current status: Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Habitat: marine.

maccullochi, Owstonia Whitley [G. P.] 1934:[12] [Supplement to the check-list of the fishes of New South Wales; ref. 4682] East of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, depth 130 fathoms. Holotype: AMS IA.5815. Unpaginated, description is on the 12th page of the supplement. •Valid as Owstonia maccullochi Whitley 1934 -- (Smith-Vaniz 2001:3332 [ref. 26130] but possibly a synonym of Owstonia totomiensis Tanaka 1908). •Synonym of Owstonia totomiensis Whitley 1934 -- (Liao et al. 2009:524 [ref. 30453]). •Valid as Owstonia maccullochi Whitley 1934 -- (Hoese 2006:1362 [ref. 28998], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:62 [ref. 34879]). Current status: Valid as Owstonia maccullochi Whitley 1934. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmum, Ophidion Linnaeus [C.] 1758:259 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Vicinity of Algiers, Algeria, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:256-257 [ref. 20707] who suggest retaining this species in the synonymy of the younger Cepola rubescens Linnaeus 1764. Named Ophidion macroophthalmum by Houttuyn 1764:246 [ref. 2219]. •Synonym of Cepola rubescens Linnaeus 1764 -- (Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:810 [ref. 13676], Quéro 1990:853 [ref. 18537], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:51 [ref. 36649] with author as Lozano Rey 1921). •Valid as Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Monod 1973:368 [ref. 7193], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:281 [ref. 25013], Fricke et al. 2007:92 [ref. 29533], Smith-Vaniz in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2692 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:557 [ref. 36612], Nair & Geetha 2019:18 [ref. 36630]). Current status: Valid as Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Senegal. Record from India based on misidentified Acanthocepola indica (Day 1888). Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmus, Sphenanthias Fourmanoir [P.] 1985:38, Fig. 3 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Serie A Zoologie v. 133 (art. 2); ref. 8092] Philippines, 14°01'N, 120°17.1'E to 13°59.9'N, 120°17.5'E, depth 184-186 or 188-195 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1983-0557. Paratypes: MNHN 1983-0558 (2, 1 missing). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:25 [ref. 15502]. Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:25 [ref. 15502] determine that the holotype is lost and designate a paratype as the neotype [should have been a lectotype], but the holotype was borrowed and examined and returned to Paris where it should be available. •Valid as Owstonia macrophthalmus (Fourmanoir 1985) -- (Imai in Randall & Lim 2000:625 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Sphenanthias macrophthalmus Fourmanoir 1985 -- (Smith-Vaniz 2001:3332 [ref. 26130]). •In genus Sphenanthias -- (Liao et al. 2009:522 [ref. 30453]). •Valid as Owstonia macrophthalma (Fourmanoir 1985) -- (Endo et al. 2015:[6] [ref. 33765], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:64 [ref. 34879]). Current status: Valid as Owstonia macrophthalma (Fourmanoir 1985). Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

maculata, Cepola Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:189 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Habitat: marine.

major, Cepola Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1887:268 [12] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 53 (1. abth.); ref. 4249] Not available; name mentioned in synonomy of Cepola krusensternii Temminck & Schlegel 1845; from Japan. Cepolidae: Cepolinae.

marginata, Cepola Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:402 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Japan. No type at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:29 [ref. 15502]. Based on Krusenstern 1813: Pl. 60 (fig. 1). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Cepola marginata Rafinesque 1810. Cepolidae: Cepolinae.

marginata, Cepola Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:56, Pl. 16 (fig. 4) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:31 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Monod 1973:368 [ref. 7193]). •Synonym of Cepola rubescens Linnaeus 1764 -- (Quéro 1990:853 [ref. 18537] but not following priority). Current status: Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Habitat: marine.

melanoptera, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:65, Fig. 54 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] Philippines, Albay Gulf, 13°8.98'N, 124°4.73'E - 13°9.84'N, 124°0.01'E, depth 363-385 meters. Holotype (unique): AMS I.36454-005. •Valid as Owstonia melanoptera Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia melanoptera Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

merensis, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:67, Fig. 55 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] East of Murray Isles, 9°51'S, 144°26'E - 9°53'S, 144°23'E, depth 480 meters. Holotype (unique): QM I.20664. •Valid as Owstonia merensis Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia merensis Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

mesoprion, Cepola Bleeker [P.] 1855:109 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 26 (art. 4); ref. 357] Nagasaki, Japan. Syntypes: (2). Also appeared in Bleeker 1854:414 [ref. 13964]. Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Habitat: marine.

microlepis, Parasphenanthias Fowler [H. W.] 1934:462, Fig. 35 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1419] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: ANSP 54940. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:148 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Owstonia weberi (Gilchrist 1922) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1986:728 [ref. 5718], Liao et al. 2009:524 [ref. 30453], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:93 [ref. 34879]). Current status: Synonym of Owstonia weberi (Gilchrist 1922). Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Habitat: marine.

mundyi, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:68, Figs. 56-58 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] Kiribati (Line Islands), off southwest point of Christmas Island, depth 150 fathoms [274 meters]. Holotype: USNM 427880. Paratypes: USNM. •Valid as Owstonia mundyi Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia mundyi Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Line Island Group. Habitat: marine.

nalani, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:70, Fig. 59 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] New Caledonia, 21°13'58.8"S, 165°55'12"E, depth 490-530 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2001-3362. Paratypes: MNHN. Holotype number corrected 11/23/2016. •Valid as Owstonia nalani Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia nalani Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: New Caledonia and Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

nigromarginatus, Sphenanthias Fourmanoir [P.] 1985:40, Fig. 4 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Serie A Zoologie v. 133 (art. 2); ref. 8092] Philippines, 14°01.0'N, 120°17.1'E to 13°59.9'N, 120°17.5'E, depth 184-186 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1982-1251. Paratypes: MNHN 1982-1251 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:37 [ref. 19232], Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:25 [ref. 15502]. •Valid as Owstonia nigromarginatus (Fourmanoir 1985) -- (Imai in Randall & Lim 2000:625 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Sphenanthias nigromarginatus Fourmanoir 1985 -- (Smith-Vaniz 2001:3332 [ref. 26130]). •In genus Sphenanthias -- (Liao et al. 2009:522 [ref. 30453]). •Valid as Owstonia nigromarginata (Fourmanoir 1985) -- (Endo et al. [6] [ref. 33765], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:71 [ref. 34879]). Current status: Valid as Owstonia nigromarginata (Fourmanoir 1985). Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

novemradiata, Cepola Swainson [W.] 1839:259, 399, Fig. 127c [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Sicily seas. No types known. •Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Monod 1973:368 [ref. 7193]). •Synonym of Cepola rubescens Linnaeus 1764 -- (Quéro 1990:853 [ref. 18537] but not following priority). Current status: Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Habitat: marine.

nudibucca, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:72, Figs. 61-63 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] Andaman Sea, Mentawai Islands, off east coast of Siberut Island, 1°22'S, 98°37'E. Holotype: ANSP 151993. Paratypes: SAIAB. •Valid as Owstonia nudibucca Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia nudibucca Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Indonesia and Andaman Sea.

oxylepis, Acanthocepola Bleeker [P.] 1877:2 [Processen-verbaal van de gewone vergaderingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen; Afdeeling Natuurkunde 1877-1878 (no. 5); ref. 17116] China. Brief description, possible translation "A new species of Acanthocepola (oxylepis), related to Acanthocephola abbreviata, but remarkable by three- to sevenpointed cutout free scale edges." Regarded as available. Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Habitat: marine.

pauciradiata, Cepola Cadenat [J.] 1950:663, Fig. [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 21 (no. 6); ref. 12939] Coast of Senegal, western Africa. Syntypes: MNHN 1950-0072 (1) near Dakar, another specimen lost. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:9 [ref. 15502]. •Valid as Cepola pauciradiata Cadenat 1950 -- (Quéro 1990:854 [ref. 18537], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:281 [ref. 25013], Wirtz et al. 2013:130 [ref. 32972], Smith-Vaniz in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2692 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Cepola pauciradiata Cadenat 1950. Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

pectinifer, Sphenanthias Myers [G. S.] 1939:19 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 52; ref. 17206] Off Dumalag Island, Davao Gulf, Mindanao, Philippines, 7°03'N, 125°39'E, Albatross station D.5255, depth 100 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 93455. •Possibly a synonym of Sphenanthias sibogae Weber 1913 -- (Smith-Vaniz 2001:3332 [ref. 26130]). •In genus Sphenanthias -- (Liao et al. 2009:522 [ref. 30453]). •Valid as Owstonia pectinifer (Myers 1939) -- (Imai in Randall & Lim 2000:625 [ref. 25122], Hoese 2006:1362 [ref. 28998], Prokofiev 2010:408 [ref. 32450], Endo et al. 2015:[6] [ref. 33765]). •Synonym of Owstonia sibogae (Weber 1913) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:82 [ref. 34879]). Current status: Synonym of Owstonia sibogae (Weber 1913). Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Habitat: marine.

psilos, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:74, Figs. 64-66 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] Western Australia, 17°21'30"S, 118°57'19"E - 17°20'53"S, 118°56'48"E, depth 437-446 meters. Holotype: NMV A.29673-004. Paratypes: CSIRO, NMV, NTM. •Valid as Owstonia psilos Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia psilos Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

raredonae, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:76, Fig. 67 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] Off Mozambique, 18°50.7'S, 37°13.5'E, depth 311-314 meters. Holotype (unique): SAIAB 82406. •Valid as Owstonia raredonae Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia raredonae Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Off Mozambique. Habitat: marine.

rhamma, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:77, Figs. 68-69 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] Vanuatu, 20°19'58.8"S, 169°49'1.2"E, depth 400-440 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1997-0005. Other material: MNHN. Holotype number corrected 11/23/2016. •Valid as Owstonia rhamma Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia rhamma Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

rubescens, Cepola Linnaeus [C.] 1764:63 [Museum S. R. M. Adolphi Friderici Regis Suecorum Tomus secundi prodromus; ref. 2788] Mediterranean Sea. Possible syntypes: NRM 77 (probably 1 of 2). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:256-257 [ref. 20707], and see Wheeler 1991:177 [ref. 20102]. •Valid as Cepola rubescens Linnaeus 1764 -- (Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:808 [ref. 13676] and Quéro 1990:853 [ref. 18537] but not following priority, Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:104 [ref. 26753] dated 1766, Lipej & Dulčić 2010:51 [ref. 36649] dated 1766). •Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Monod 1973:368 [ref. 7193], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:281 [ref. 25013], Smith-Vaniz in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2692 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Distribution: Senegal to Angola (if valid). Habitat: marine.

sarmiento, Sphenanthias Liao [Y.-C.], Reyes [R. B., Jr.] & Shao [K.-T.] 2009:522, Figs. 1A, 1B [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 57 (no. 2); ref. 30453] Aurora, East Luzon, Philippines, 15.96°N, 121.78°E, depth 307-292 meters. Holotype: PNM 17006 [ex ASIZP 0067939]. Paratypes: ASIZP 0067820 (1), 0068216 (1), 0068380 (1). Name is a noun in apposition. •Valid as Owstonia sarmiento (Liao, Reyes & Shao 2009) -- (Fricke et al. 2014:111 [ref. 33932], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:80 [ref. 34879]). Current status: Valid as Owstonia sarmiento (Liao, Reyes & Shao 2009). Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Philippines, Indonesia, New Caledonia and Australia. Habitat: marine.

schlegelii, Cepola Bleeker [P.] 1854:412 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 13964] Kaminoseki, Japan. No types known. Based on literature and one specimen. Original spelling was schlegelii, and that spelling probably should be used unless prevailing usage is accepted. •Valid as Cepola schlegelii Bleeker 1854 -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:201 [ref. 6441], Shinohara et al. 1996:179 [ref. 26605] as schlegeli, Nakabo 2000:915 [ref. 25182] as schlegeli, Shinohara et al. 2001:327 [ref. 25995], Miyahara et al. 2002:39 [ref. 26146], Smith-Vaniz 2001:3332 [ref. 26130], Nakabo 2002:915 [ref. 26193] as schlegeli, Youn 2002:361, 630 [ref. 26218] as schlegeli, Hoese 2006:1362 [ref. 28998], Allen & Erdmann 2012:751 [ref. 31980], Motomura et al. 2017:172 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Cepola schlegelii Bleeker 1854. Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Taiwan, Japan and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

scottensis, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:81, Figs. 71-72 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] Western Australia, south of Scott Reefs, 14°16'S, 122°16'E, depth 358 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H.7136-03. Paratypes: CSIRO, USNM. •Valid as Owstonia scottensis Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Current status: Valid as Owstonia scottensis Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

serpentiformis, Cepola Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:529 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Mediterranean Sea. Possible syntypes: NRM 77 (probably 1 of 2). Unnecessary replacement name for Cepola rubescens Linnaeus 1764. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:177, 184 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Monod 1973:368 [ref. 7193]). •Synonym of Cepola rubescens Linnaeus 1764 -- (Quéro 1990:853 [ref. 18537] but not following priority). Current status: Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Habitat: marine.

sibogae, Sphenanthias Weber [M.] 1913:211, Pl. 2 (figs. 4-4a) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Timor Sea, 10°27.9'S, 123°28.7'E, Siboga station 302, depth 216 meters. Lectotype: ZMA 112568. Paralectotypes: (5) ZMA 112568 (3). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:90 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype designated by Endo et al. 2015:37 [ref. 33765]. •Valid as Sphenanthias sibogae Weber 1913 -- (Smith-Vaniz 2001:3332 [ref. 26130]). •Possible synonym of Owstonia pectinifer (Myers 1939) -- (Prokofiev 2010:408 [ref. 32450]). •Valid as Owstonia sibogae (Weber 1913) -- (Endo et al. 2015:[7] [ref. 33765], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:82 [ref. 34879]). Current status: Valid as Owstonia sibogae (Weber 1913). Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Indonesia, Philippines and Vietnam. Habitat: marine.

similis, Owstonia Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2016:84, Fig. 75 [Zootaxa 4187 (no. 1); ref. 34879] Madagascar, 14°29'25"S, 47°26'4"E, depth 347-448 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 2014-1766. Type catalog: Fricke et al. 2018:250 [ref. 35805]. •Valid as Owstonia similis Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016 -- (Fricke et al. 2018:250 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Owstonia similis Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

simoterus, Sphenanthias Smith [J. L. B.] 1968:11, Fig. 1; Pl. 6 (fig. C) [Investigational Report. Oceanographic Research Institute, Durban No. 19; ref. 7917] Off Bazaruto, southern Mozambique, western Indian Ocean, depth 260-300 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 605. •Valid as Sphenanthias simoterus Smith 1968 -- (Bineesh et al. 2011:64 [ref. 31609]). •In genus Sphenanthias -- (Liao et al. 2009:522 [ref. 30453]). •Valid as Owstonia simoterus (Smith 1968) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1986:728 [ref. 5718]). •Valid as Owstonia simotera (Smith 1968) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:86 [ref. 34879]). Current status: Valid as Owstonia simotera (Smith 1968). Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Mozambique. Habitat: marine.

taenia, Cepola Linnaeus [C.] 1766:445 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] In mare Mediterraneo [Mediterranean Sea]. Possible types: ZMUU Linn. Coll. 182 (1). Type catalog: Lönnberg 1896:41 [ref. 23530], Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:256 [ref. 20707], Wheeler 1991:177 [ref. 20102]. Based on multiple sources listed under 'Taenia' in Artedi 1738:114 [ref. 30349]. Misspelled tenia by Cabrera et al. 1817 [ref. 17319], see Graells 1887:177 [ref. 30438]. •Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Monod 1973:368 [ref. 7193]). •Synonym of Cepola rubescens Linnaeus 1764 -- (Quéro 1990:853 [ref. 18537] but not following priority). Current status: Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Habitat: marine.

taeniosoma, Pseudocepola Kamohara [T.] 1935:136, Fig. 4 [Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses v. 15 (no. 1); ref. 2549] Off Mimase, near Kochi, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Kamohara "neotype": BSKU 4219. Type catalog and "neotype" designation: Kamohara 1961:8 [ref. 19282], but neotype designation was not made in a revisory work and is invalid. •Valid as Pseudocepola taeniosoma Kamohara 1935 -- (Machida in Masuda et al. 1984:201 [ref. 6441], Mok 1988:507 [ref. 12752], Nakabo 2000:914 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:327 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:914 [ref. 26193]). •Valid as Owstonia taeniosoma (Kamohara 1935) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:88 [ref. 34879]). Current status: Valid as Owstonia taeniosoma (Kamohara 1935). Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Japan, Andaman Sea, New Caledonia and Australia. Habitat: marine.

tosaensis, Owstonia Kamohara [T.] 1934:301, Fig. [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 46 (no. 549); ref. 22716] Off Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Kamohara "neotype": BSKU 4230 from Mimase, Japan. Type catalog and "neotype" designation: Kamohara 1961:8 [ref. 19282], but neotype designation not made in a revisory work and is invalid. Appeared first as above, then in Kamohara 1935:134, Fig. 3 [ref. 2549]. •In genus Sphenanthias -- (Liao et al. 2009:522 [ref. 30453]). •Valid as Owstonia tosaensis Kamohara 1934 -- (Machida in Masuda et al. 1984:201 [ref. 6441], Mok 1988:507 [ref. 12752], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:536 [ref. 27969], Imai in Randall & Lim 2000:625 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:914 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:327 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:914 [ref. 26193], Endo et al. 2015:[7] [ref. 33765], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:89 [ref. 34879]). Current status: Valid as Owstonia tosaensis Kamohara 1934. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Japan, Taiwan, Philippines and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

totomiensis, Owstonia Tanaka [S.] 1908:47, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 23 (art. 7); ref. 6032] Coast of Totomi Province, Japan. Holotype (unique): FMNH 55424. •Valid as Owstonia totomiensis Tanaka 1908 -- (Machida in Masuda et al. 1984:201 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:914 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:327 [ref. 25995], Smith-Vaniz 2001:3332 [ref. 26130], Nakabo 2002:914 [ref. 26193], Hoese 2006:1362 [ref. 28998], Liao et al. 2009:522 [ref. 30453], Bineesh et al. 2011:64 [ref. 31609], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:91 [ref. 34879]). Current status: Valid as Owstonia totomiensis Tanaka 1908. Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Japan. Habitat: marine.

truncata, Cepola Swainson [W.] 1839:259, 400, Fig. 127f [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Monod 1973:368 [ref. 7193]). •Synonym of Cepola rubescens Linnaeus 1764 -- (Quéro 1990:853 [ref. 18537]). Current status: Synonym of Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus 1758). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Habitat: marine.

variegata, Cepola Swainson [W.] 1839:259, 402 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] China. Holotype (unique): Zool. Soc. London (whereabouts unknown). Cepolidae: Cepolinae. Habitat: marine.

weberi, Parasphenanthias Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1922:69, Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa Rep. 2 (art. 3); ref. 1648] KwaZulu-Natal coast, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 183-190 fathoms. Syntypes: (3 stations) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 11072-73 (1, 1). •Valid as Owstonia weberi (Gilchrist 1922) -- (Smith-Vaniz 1986:728 [ref. 5718], Liao et al. 2009:522 [ref. 30453], Bineesh et al. 2011:64 [ref. 31609], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:93 [ref. 34879], Fricke et al. 2018:250 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Owstonia weberi (Gilchrist 1922). Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South and East Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

whiteheadi, Sphenanthias Talwar [P. K.] 1973:87, fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society, Calcutta v. 25 (no. 2) [for 11 Dec. 1972]; ref. 8534] Off Quilon, India, about 9°N, 76°E, depth 300 meters. Holotype: ZSI F6275/2. Paratypes: ZSI F6276/2, 6277/2, 6278/2 See Das 2003:374 [ref. 27706]. •In genus Sphenanthias -- (Liao et al. 2009:522 [ref. 30453]). •Valid as Sphenanthias whiteheadi Talwar 1973 -- (Bineesh et al. 2011:66 [ref. 31609]). •Valid as Owstonia whiteheadi (Talwar 1973) -- (Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Endo et al. 2015:[6] [ref. 33765], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 2016:95 [ref. 34879]). Current status: Valid as Owstonia whiteheadi (Talwar 1973). Cepolidae: Owstoniinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: India. Habitat: marine.