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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Chimaeridae: [ 69 ] records


abbreviata, Chimaera Gill [T. N.] 1883:254 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 6 (no. 380); ref. 1724] Northeastern Atlantic, 40°16'50"N, 66°58'W, Albatross station 2084, depth 1290 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 33435. •Synonym of Hydrolagus affinis (de Brito Capello 1868) -- (Krefft 1973:79 [ref. 7166], Hardy & Stehmann 1990:239 [ref. 16629], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Hydrolagus affinis (de Brito Capello 1868). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

affinis, Chimaera de Brito Capello [F.] 1868:314, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Jornal do Sciências Mathemáticas, Physicas e Naturaes, Lisboa v. 1 (no. 4) (for Dec. 1867); ref. 718] Setubal, Portugal. Holotype (unique): type lost in fire. Also in French in Brito Capello 1868:320 [ref. 17965]. •Valid as Hydrolagus affinis (de Brito Capello 1868) -- (Krefft 1973:79 [ref. 7166], Stehmann & Bürkel in Whitehead et al. 1984:214 [ref. 13675], Scott & Scott 1988:63 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:27 [ref. 14674], Krefft 1990:112 [ref. 19321], Hardy & Stehmann 1990:239 [ref. 16629], Nakaya in Okamura et al. 1995:46 [ref. 22531], see Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:viii [ref. 21953], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], McEachran in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:22 [ref. 26158], Moore et al. 2003:166 [ref. 27076], Møller et al. 2004:58 [ref. 27739], Moura et al. 2005:743 [ref. 28380], Møller et al. 2010:18 [ref. 31169], Luchetti et al. 2011:400 [ref. 31442], Kemper et al. 2015:45 [ref. 34214] as cf. affinis, Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:29 [ref. 37485], Afonso et al. 2016:11, 172 [ref. 36199], Bañón et al. 2016:303 [ref. 34397], Didier 2016:1455 [ref. 34546], Nión et al. 2016:19 [ref. 35565], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:517 [ref. 35113], Biscoito et al. 2018:483 [ref. 37562], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:36 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:54 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus affinis (de Brito Capello 1868). Chimaeridae. Distribution: North Atlantic; southwestern Atlantic: off northern Brazil; Pacific. Habitat: marine.

africana, Chimaera Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1922:51, Pl. 8 [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa Rep. 2 (art. 3); ref. 1648] South-East Atlantic, 30°04'59.88"S, 14°54'6.12"E, Africa. Neotype: SAM 34420. Neotype designated by Walovich et al. 2015:158 [ref. 33924]. •Valid as Hydrolagus africanus (Gilchrist 1922) -- (Compagno 1986:145 [ref. 5648], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Novikov 2002:279 [ref. 26020], Kemper et al. 2010:55 [ref. 30883], Walovich et al. 2015:158 [ref. 33924], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:517 [ref. 35113], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:35 [ref. 37302], Psomadakis et al. 2020:218 [ref. 37272] as cf. africanus). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus africanus (Gilchrist 1922). Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic: Angola south to South Africa; western Indian Ocean: Kenya south to South Africa. Habitat: marine.

alberti, Hydrolagus Bigelow [H. B.] & Schroeder [W. C.] 1951:390, Fig. 4 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 41 (no. 12); ref. 12883] Off Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A., 29°11'N, 86°52'W, depth 305 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 153558. Paratypes: MCZ 37199 (1), USNM 153559 (1). •Valid as Hydrolagus alberti Bigelow & Schroeder 1951 -- (Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:87 [ref. 14275], Krefft 1990:112 [ref. 19321], Boschung 1992:18 [ref. 23239], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:39 [ref. 23897], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:211 [ref. 24490], Didier 2003:599 [ref. 26986], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:21 [ref. 27192], Soto & Vooren 2004:6 [ref. 27918], Kemper et al. 2010:649 [ref. 30873], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:52 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211], Ehemann et al. 2018:20 [ref. 36194], Ehemann et al. 2019:[5] [ref. 36861]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus alberti Bigelow & Schroeder 1951. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico south to southeastern Brazil (including Caribbean Sea). Habitat: marine.

alphus, Hydrolagus Quaranta [K. L.], Didier [D. A.], Long [D. J.] & Ebert [D. A.] 2006:36, Figs. 2-3 [Zootaxa No. 1377; ref. 28889] North end of Seymour Island, 0°21'42"S, 90°15'00"W, Galápagos Islands, depth 648 meters. Holotype: CAS 201902. Paratypes: CAS 86425 (1). Additional specimen seen but not collected. •Valid as Hydrolagus alphus Quaranta, Didier, Long & Ebert 2006 -- (James et al. 2009:65 [ref. 30401], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:187 [ref. 30957], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:516 [ref. 35113], Jew et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 36022]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus alphus Quaranta, Didier, Long & Ebert 2006. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

americanus, Callorhynchus Gronow [L. T.] 1772:49 [Acta Helvetica, Physico-Mathematico-Anatomico-Botanico-Medica (Basile) v. 7; ref. 12602] No locality. No types known. •Unidentifiable, Chimaera or Hydrolagus -- (Didier 1995:14 [ref. 22713]). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

arctica, Chimaera Gistel [J.] 1848:103 [Naturgeschichte des Thierreichs; ref. 1822] Northern Seas. No types known. New name for Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus 1758 -- (Krefft 1973:78 [ref. 7166], Didier 1995:14 [ref. 22713], Dyldin 2015:77 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus 1758. Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

argentea, Chimaera Ascanius [P.] 1772:6, Pl. 15 [Icones rerum naturalium, ou figures enluminées d'histoire naturelle du Nord; ref. 5115] Trondheim, Norway. No types known. Originally Chimaera (argentea) mas. •Synonym of Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus 1758 -- (Krefft 1973:78 [ref. 7166], Didier 1995:14 [ref. 22713], Dyldin 2015:77 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus 1758. Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

argiloba, Chimaera Last [P. R.], White [W. T.] & Pogonoski [J. J.] 2008:341, Figs. 1-2 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29699] Northwest of Port Hedland, Western Australia, 28°16'S, 113°17'E, depth 520 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 2585-02. Paratypes: CSIROH 1207-09 (1), H 2585-01 (1), H 2587-16 (1), H 4071-17 (1), H 4071-18 (1), •Valid as Chimaera argiloba Last, White & Pogonoski 2008 -- (Luchetti et al. 2011:400 [ref. 31442], Kemper et al. 2014:15 [ref. 33599], Weigmann 2016:164 [ref. 34211], Clerkin et al. 2017:31 [ref. 35546], Finucci et al. 2018:191 [ref. 35768]). Current status: Valid as Chimaera argiloba Last, White & Pogonoski 2008. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

atlanticus, Callorynchus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:16 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Atlantic. BMNH. Apparently a new combination of Callorhynchus atlanticus Gronow 1772 [ref. 12602] and not an original description. Chimaeridae.

atlanticus, Callorynchus Gronow [L. T.] 1772:52 [Acta Helvetica, Physico-Mathematico-Anatomico-Botanico-Medica (Basile) v. 7; ref. 12602] BMNH not found. Genus was spelled Callorynchus in original; should be Callorhinchus. Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

australis, Chimaera monstrosa var. Hector [J.] 1902:239, Pl. 14 (fig. C-D) [Transactions of the New Zealand Institute v. 34 (art. 26); ref. 14878] Wairau Bar, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): NMNZ P.206. Type catalog: Hardy 1990:6 [ref. 18942]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Chimaera australis Shaw 1804, replaced by Chimaera novaezelandiae Fowler 1911. Plate is labeled Chimaera colliei (= C. monstrosa var. australis?). •Synonym of Hydrolagus novaezealandiae (Fowler 1911). Current status: Synonym of Hydrolagus novaezealandiae (Fowler 1911). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

bahamaensis, Chimaera Kemper [J. M.], Ebert [D. A.], Didier [D. A.] & Compagno [L. J. V.] 2010:650, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 86 (no. 3); ref. 30873] Off Andros Island, 24°30'21"N, 77°22'12'W, Bahamas, Tongue of the Ocean, depth 1483-1506 meters. Holotype (unique): UF 16632. •Valid as Chimaera bahamaensis Kemper, Ebert, Didier & Compagno 2010 -- (Weigmann 2016:164 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Chimaera bahamaensis Kemper, Ebert, Didier & Compagno 2010. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Bahamas. Habitat: marine.

barbouri, Chimaera Garman [S.] 1908:255 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 51 (no. 9); ref. 1543] Aomori, near Tsugaru Strait, Japan. Holotype (unique): MCZ 1281-S [ex Owston #21256]. Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xxxvi [ref. 23119]. •Valid as Hydrolagus barbouri (Garman 1908) -- (Shirai in Amaoka et al. 1983:61, 171, 229, 314 [ref. 8379], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:17 [ref. 6441], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Nakabo 2000:114 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:15 [ref. 25650], Nakabo 2002:114 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2014:231 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:17 [ref. 33547], Dyldin 2015:77 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211], Dyldin & Orlov 2018:173 [ref. 35920]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus barbouri (Garman 1908). Chimaeridae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

bemisi, Hydrolagus Didier [D. A.] 2002:303, Figs. 5-7 [Ichthyological Research v. 49 (no. 4); ref. 26493] North of Mernoo Bank, 45°53.7'S, 175°14.6'E, New Zealand, depth 620 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P6986. Paratypes: ANSP 178021 [ex NMNZ P.7380] (2), 178024 [ex NMNZ P.6905] (2); BMNH 1992.9.8:4 (1); CSIRO H 2948-03 (1); NMNZ P.6986 (1), P.7405 (3), P.25087 (2), P.25118 (2), P.31252 (1); NSMT P43061 (1), P43396 (1). •Valid as Hydrolagus bemisi Didier 2002 -- (Didier 2008:354 [ref. 29700], Kemper et al. 2014:2 [ref. 33599], Kemper et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34214], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus bemisi Didier 2002. Chimaeridae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

borealis, Chimaera Shaw [G.] 1804:365, Pl. 157, bottom [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] Northern Ocean. Based on Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus 1758 and other literature sources. •Synonym of Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus 1758 -- (Krefft 1973:78 [ref. 7166], Didier 1995:14 [ref. 22713], Dyldin 2015:77 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus 1758. Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

buccanigella, Chimaera Clerkin [P. J.], Ebert [D. A.] & Kemper [J. M.] 2017:26, Figs. 17-18 [Zootaxa 4312 (no. 1); ref. 35546] Southwestern Indian Ocean, Walters Shoal, 33°49’S, 42°22’E, depth 495-960 meters. Holotype (unique): CAS 242335. Plus additional non-type specimens. •Valid as Chimaera buccanigella Clerkin, Ebert & Kemper 2017. Current status: Valid as Chimaera buccanigella Clerkin, Ebert & Kemper 2017. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Walters Shoal, southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

carophila, Chimaera Kemper [J. M.], Ebert [D. A.], Naylor [G. J. P.] & Didier [D. A.] 2014:4, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 91 (no. 1); ref. 33599] Outer Chatham Rise, New Zealand (44°28.50´S, 177°13.00´W), depth 1350 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.45580. Paratypes: NMNZ. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Chimaera carophila Kemper, Ebert, Naylor & Didier 2014 -- (Kemper et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34214], Weigmann 2016:165 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Chimaera carophila Kemper, Ebert, Naylor & Didier 2014. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Deep-water slopes and plateaus around New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

centrina, Callorynchus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:15 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] American Ocean. No types known. •Unidentifiable, Chimaera or Hydrolagus -- (Didier 1995:14 [ref. 22713]). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

colliei, Chimaera Lay [G. T.] & Bennett [E. T.] 1839:71, Pl. 23 (fig. 1) [The zoology of Captain Beechey's voyage; ref. 2730] Monterey, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): not preserved. •Valid as Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett 1839) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:59 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:27 [ref. 14674], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Krupp & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:795 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:34 [ref. 24545], González-Acosta & De la Cruz-Agüero 1999:40 [ref. 24505], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:68 [ref. 25968], Didier & Rosenberger 2002:116 [ref. 26936], Nelson et al. 2004:49 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:2 [ref. 37547], Barnett et al. 2006:35 [ref. 28820], James et al. 2009:65 [ref. 30401], Ruiz-Campos et al. 2010:364 [ref. 37373], Page et al. 2013:49 [ref. 32708], Arturo et al. 2014:566 [ref. 33497], Dyldin 2015:78 [ref. 34524], Pietsch & Orr 2015:13 [ref. 34694], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:52 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211], Kells et al. 2016:60 [ref. 35888], Ebert et al. 2017:61 [ref. 35618], Ehemann et al. 2018:20 [ref. 36194], Burton & Lea 2019:26 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett 1839). Chimaeridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: western Gulf of Alaska (U. S. A.) south to Costa Rica, including Gulf of California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

cristata, Chimaera Faber [F.] 1829:45 [Naturgeschichte der Fische Islands; ref. 13329] Norway. No types known. •Synonym of Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus 1758 -- (Krefft 1973:78 [ref. 7166], Didier 1995:14 [ref. 22713], Dyldin 2015:77 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus 1758. Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

cubana, Chimaera Howell Rivero [L.] 1936:50, Fig. 1, Pl. 13 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 41 (no. 4); ref. 12257] Matanzas Bay, Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 1464-S (1). Paratypes: MCZ 1385-S (1); MFP uncat. (1, stuffed). Type catalog: Gutiérrez de los Reyes et al. 2015:42 [ref. 36079]. Description based on three specimens collected by Howell Rivero, and on three additional individuals described and illustrated in Poey 1876:182, Pl. 8 [ref. 3510] as Chimaera monstruosa. •Valid as Chimaera cubana Howell Rivero 1936 -- (Didier 1995:14 [ref. 22713], Didier 2003:599 [ref. 26986], Bunkley-Williams & Williams 2004:90 [ref. 27795], Kemper et al. 2010:649 [ref. 30873], Luchetti et al. 2011:400 [ref. 31442], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:165 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Chimaera cubana Howell Rivero 1936. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic, Caribbean Sea: Cuba, Puerto Rico and northern Lesser Antilles. Habitat: marine.

deani, Chimaera Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Smith 1912:232, Pl. 29 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 42 (no. 1899); ref. 18248] 13°45'15"N, 120°46'30"E, off Sombrero Island, Philippines, Albatross station 5111, depth 236 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 72284. First author is H. M. Smith. •Probably a synonym of Hydrolagus mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder 1904 -- (Didier, pers. comm., 1998). •Synonym of Hydrolagus mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder 1904 -- (Compagno et al. 2005:14 [ref. 29145] with author as Dean). •Valid as Hydrolagus deani (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Compagno 1999:1537 [ref. 24657], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:583 [ref. 25122], Iwamoto & McCosker 2014:270 [ref. 33298]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus deani (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

didierae, Chimaera Clerkin [P. J.], Ebert [D. A.] & Kemper [J. M.] 2017:20, Figs. 14-15 [Zootaxa 4312 (no. 1); ref. 35546] Southwestern Indian Ocean, Madagascar Ridge, 34°30’S, 43°10’E, depth 1000-1100 meters. Holotype (unique): CAS 242334. •Valid as Chimaera didierae Clerkin, Ebert & Kemper 2017. Current status: Valid as Chimaera didierae Clerkin, Ebert & Kemper 2017. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Madagascar Ridge, southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

dubia, Chimaera Osório [B.] 1909:31, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Memorias do Museu Bocage, Lisboa Fasc. 1; ref. 3317] Portugal. Holotype (unique): MB T.111 (141) (destroyed in 1978 fire). •Synonym of Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus 1758 -- (Krefft 1973:78 [ref. 7166], Didier 1995:14 [ref. 22713], Dyldin 2015:77 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus 1758. Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

eidolon, Psychichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1925:117, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 2486] Off Mishima, Izu, Sagami Bay, Japan. Holotype (unique): FMNH 5951[ex CM 7779] [not CAS-SU 12902]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:51 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:71 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Hydrolagus eidolon (Jordan & Hubbs 1925) -- (Shirai in Amaoka et al. 1983:63, 172 [ref. 8379], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:17 [ref. 6441], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Nakabo 2000:114 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:114 [ref. 26001]). •Probably a synonym of Hydrolagus purpurescens (Gilbert 1905) -- (Didier, pers. comm., 1998). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus eidolon (Jordan & Hubbs 1925). Chimaeridae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

erithacus, Hydrolagus Walovich [K. A.], Ebert [D. A.] & Kemper [J. M.] 2017:511, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 4226 (no. 4); ref. 35113] Southeastern Atlantic Ocean, Discovery Seamont, 43°46'S, 01°21'W. Holotype: SAIAB 200578. Paratypes: SAIAB, SAM. •Valid as Hydrolagus erithacus Walovich, Ebert & Kemper 2017. Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus erithacus Walovich, Ebert & Kemper 2017. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic Ocean and southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

fulva, Chimaera Didier [D. A.], Last [P. R.] & White [W. T.] 2008:328, Fig. 1 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29698] Southeast of Cape Everard, Victoria, Australia, 38°20'S, 149°41'E, depth 991-1009 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 5301-08. Paratypes: CSIRO H 1190-03 (1), H 2294-02 (1), H 2584-22 (1), H 2616-03 (1), H 2621-03(1), H 4873-05 (1). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Chimaera fulva Didier, Last & White 2008 -- (Last et al. 2008:345 [ref. 29699], Luchetti et al. 2011:400 [ref. 31442], Kemper et al. 2014:16 [ref. 33599], Weigmann 2016:165 [ref. 34211], Clerkin et al. 2017:31 [ref. 35546], Finucci et al. 2018:191 [ref. 35768]). Current status: Valid as Chimaera fulva Didier, Last & White 2008. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southern Australia, including Tasmania. Habitat: marine.

gilberti, Chimaera Garman [S.] 1911:90 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 40 (no. 3); ref. 17947] Off Kauai, Hawaiian Islands, depth 957-1067 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51592. Based on Chimaera purpurescens Gilbert 1905, not regarded as preoccupied by C. purpurascens Jordan & Snyder 1904:235 [ref. 2519] -- the later without distinguishing features. Therefore an unneeded replacement name. •Objective synonym of Hydrolagus purpurescens (Gilbert 1905) -- (Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Mundy 2005:86 [ref. 28379], Dyldin 2015:78 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Hydrolagus purpurescens (Gilbert 1905). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

homonycteris, Hydrolagus Didier [D. A.] 2008:350, Fig. 1 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29700] West of Point Hinns, Tasmania, Australia, 42°38'S, 144°49'E, depth 1085-1140 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 2291-01. Paratypes: 11 specimens at CSIRO, NMNZ, NSMT. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Hydrolagus homonycteris Didier 2008 -- (Kemper et al. 2014:2 [ref. 33599], Kemper et al. 2015:47 [ref. 34214], Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211], Finucci et al. 2018:191 [ref. 35768]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus homonycteris Didier 2008. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia and off New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

jordani, Chimaera Tanaka [S.] 1905:2, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 20 (art. 11); ref. 15387] Inatori, Idzu, Sagami Sea, Japan. Syntypes: (23) ZUMT (2, lost). •Valid as Chimaera jordani Tanaka 1905 -- (Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:17 [ref. 6441], Krefft 1990:111 [ref. 19321], Didier 1995:14 [ref. 22713], Nakabo 2000:113 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:113 [ref. 26001], Didier et al. 2008:331 [ref. 29698], Last et al. 2008:345 [ref. 29699], Luchetti et al. 2011:400 [ref. 31442], Weigmann 2016:165 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Chimaera jordani Tanaka 1905. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific; possibly eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

lemures, Phasmichthys Whitley [G. P.] 1939:261, Pl. 22 (fig. 2) [Australian Zoologist v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4695] Great Australian Bight, southwest from Eucla, 126°45.5'E, depth 190-320 fathoms. Holotype: AMS E.3591. Paratypes: AMS E.3590 (1). •Valid as Hydrolagus lemures (Whitley 1939) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:97 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:188 [ref. 22532], Last & Stevens 1994:477 [ref. 23873], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Allen 1997:48 [ref. 23977], Compagno 1999:1537 [ref. 24657], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:52 [ref. 28995], Didier 2008:349 [ref. 29700], Didier 2008:354 [ref. 29700], Gomon 2008:145 [ref. 30616], Larson et al. 2013:5 [ref. 32988], Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211] see remarks). •Synonym of Chimaera ogilbyi Waite 1898 -- (Finucci et al. 2018:198 [ref. 35768]). Current status: Synonym of Chimaera ogilbyi Waite 1898. Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

lignaria, Chimaera Didier [D. A.] 2002:300, Figs. 2-4 [Ichthyological Research v. 49 (no. 4); ref. 26493] Southwest of Veryan Bank, Chatham Rise, 44°21.3-21.7'S, 175°37.7-40.7'E, depth 630-706 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.20349. Paratypes: ANSP 192335 [ex NMNZ P.15774] (1); CSIRO H 603-01 (1), H 2300-01 (1), H 2882-01 (1); NMNZ P.7222 (1), P.12119 (1), P.15774 (6, now 5), P.16047 (1), P.16213 (1), P.20139 (1), P.24451 (1), P.26252 (1), P.30750 (1). •Valid as Chimaera lignaria Didier 2002 -- (Paxton et al. 2006:52 [ref. 28995], Didier et al. 2008:331 [ref. 29698], Last et al. 2008:345 [ref. 29699], Gomon 2008:143 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2011:344 [ref. 31242], Luchetti et al. 2011:400 [ref. 31442], Kemper et al. 2014:15 [ref. 33599], Kemper et al. 2015:43 [ref. 34214], Weigmann 2016:165 [ref. 34211], Clerkin et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35546], Finucci et al. 2018:191 [ref. 35768]). Current status: Valid as Chimaera lignaria Didier 2002. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia, New Zealand EEZ and Tasmania, Australia. Habitat: marine.

lusitanicus, Hydrolagus Moura [T.], Figueiredo [I.], Bordalo-Machado [P.], Almeida [C.] & Gordo [L. S.] 2005:744, Figs. 1-4 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 67 (no. 3); ref. 28380] Northeastern Atlantic, off Portugal, 36°35'N, 8°35'W. Holotype: MB 4666. Paratypes: MB 4666 (1). Plus 11 non-type specimens. •Valid as Hydrolagus lusitanicus Moura, Figueiredo, Bordalo-Machado, Almeida & Gordo 2005 -- (Barnett et al. 2006:35 [ref. 28820], Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211] see remarks, Walovich et al. 2017:515 [ref. 35113], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:34 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:54 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus lusitanicus Moura, Figueiredo, Bordalo-Machado, Almeida & Gordo 2005. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Northeastern Atlantic: Portugal endemic. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmus, Hydrolagus de Buen [F.] 1959:186 [Boletim do Museu Nacional de Chile v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 697] Off Valparaíso, Chile. Holotype: MNHNC P. 7282 [ex EBMC 10192]. Paratypes: (1). Type catalog: Jew et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 36022]. Holotype figured in de Buen 1960: Fig. 16 [ref. 11965] and in Quaranta et al. 2006, Fig. 1 [ref. 28889]. •Valid as Hydrolagus macrophthalmus de Buen 1959 -- (Pequeño 1989:19 [ref. 14125] as macrophathalmus, Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:96 [ref. 24555], Barnett et al. 2006:35 [ref. 28820], Quaranta et al. 2006:43 [ref. 28889], James et al. 2009:65 [ref. 30401], Arturo et al. 2014:568 [ref. 33497], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:53 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:516 [ref. 35113], Ehemann et al. 2018:20 [ref. 36194], Jew et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 36022]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus macrophthalmus de Buen 1959. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico south to Chile. Habitat: marine.

macrospina, Chimaera Didier [D. A.], Last [P. R.] & White [W. T.] 2008:331, Fig. 2 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29698] East of Brush Island, New South Wales, Australia, 35°32'S, 150°52'E, depth 1060-1100 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 1517-02. •Valid as Chimaera macrospina Didier, Last & White 2008 -- (Last et al. 2008:345 [ref. 29699], Luchetti et al. 2011:400 [ref. 31442], Kemper et al. 2014:16 [ref. 33599], Weigmann 2016:165 [ref. 34211], Clerkin et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35546], Finucci et al. 2018:191 [ref. 35768]). Current status: Valid as Chimaera macrospina Didier, Last & White 2008. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Hydrolagus Didier [D. A.] 2008:352, Fig. 2 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29700] East of Hawks Nest, New South Wales, Australia, 32°45-41'S, 152°49-50'E, depth 796 meters. Holotype: AMS I 29762-003. Paratypes: 8 at AMS and CSIRO. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Hydrolagus marmoratus Didier 2008 -- (Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211], Finucci et al. 2018:191 [ref. 35768]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus marmoratus Didier 2008. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Eastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

matallanasi, Hydrolagus Soto [J. M. R.] & Vooren [C. M.] 2004:3, Figs. 104 [Zootaxa No. 687; ref. 27918] Off Santa Catarina, 29°52.08'S, 47°48.39'W, depth 517 meters, Brazil. Holotype: MOVI 24304. Paratypes: MOVI 24304-05 (1, 1), 24291-302 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1); NUPEC 1782--87 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Soto & Mincarone 2004:117 [ref. 37067]. •Valid as Hydrolagus matallanasi Soto & Vooren 2004 -- (Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus matallanasi Soto & Vooren 2004. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: off southern Brazil. Habitat: marine.

mccoskeri, Hydrolagus Barnett [L. A. K.], Didier [D. A.], Long [D. J.] & Ebert [D. A.] 2006:30, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa No. 1328; ref. 28820] Southeast of San Cristóbal Island, Galápagos Islands, 1°5.98'S, 89°12.235'W, depth 396 meters. Holotype: CAS 86558. Paratypes: CAS 223971 (1). •Valid as Hydrolagus mccoskeri Barnett, Didier, Long & Ebert 2006 -- (Quaranta et al. 2006:43 [ref. 28889], James et al. 2009:65 [ref. 30401], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:187 [ref. 30957], Arturo et al. 2014:571 [ref. 33497], Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:516 [ref. 35113], Jew et al. 2018:[4] [ref. 36022]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus mccoskeri Barnett, Didier, Long & Ebert 2006. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

media, Chimaera Garman [S.] 1911:91 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 40 (no. 3); ref. 17947] Locality uncertain [eastern Pacific]. Syntypes: MCZ 330-S (2). Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xxxvii [ref. 23119]. •Valid as Hydrolagus media (Garman 1911) -- (Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713]). •Synonym of Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett 1859) -- (Didier & Rosenberger 2002:116, 121 [ref. 26936], Dyldin 2015:78 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett 1839). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

mediterranea, Chimaera Risso [A.] 1827:168 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus 1758 -- (Krefft 1973:78 [ref. 7166], Didier 1995:14 [ref. 22713], Dyldin 2015:77 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus 1758. Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

melanophasma, Hydrolagus James [K. C.], Ebert [D. A.], Long [D. J.] & Didier [D. A.] 2009:60, Figs.1-4 [Zootaxa No. 2218; ref. 30401] Punta Pescadera, Baja California, Mexico, 23°48'N, 109°42'W, depth 30.5 meters. Holotype: SIO 77-211. Paratypes: LACM39805-1 (1). Plus non-type specimens and ROV observations. •Valid as Hydrolagus melanophasma James, Ebert, Long & Didier 2009 -- (Page et al. 2013:49 [ref. 32708], Arturo et al. 2014:571 [ref. 33497], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:54 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:516 [ref. 35113], Ebert et al. 2017:61 [ref. 35618], Ehemann et al. 2018:20 [ref. 36194], Jew et al. 2018:[4] [ref. 36022]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus melanophasma James, Ebert, Long & Didier 2009. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific: off California (U.S.A.), coast of Baja California, Mexico, and in the Gulf of California and to Chile. Habitat: marine.

mirabilis, Chimaera (Bathyalopex) Collett [R.] 1904:5 [Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-selskabet i Christiania (for 1904) No. 9; ref. 9338] 150 kilometers northwest of the Hebrides, Faroe Bank, depth 1100 meters. Lectotype: ZMUO J133. Paralectotypes: ZMUC 09107 (1); ZMUB 1818; ZMUO J131 (1), J132 (1). Type catalog: Pethon 1969:3 [ref. 19268], Nielsen 1974:9 [ref. 9588], Frøiland 1979:145 [ref. 21547]. Lectotype selected by Pethon 1969:3 [ref. 19268]; lectotype figured in Collett 1905: Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [ref. 19269]. •Valid as Hydrolagus mirabilis (Collett 1904) -- (Krefft 1973:79 [ref. 7166], Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:88 [ref. 14275], Stehmann & Bürkel in Whitehead et al. 1984:215 [ref. 13675], Krefft 1990:112 [ref. 19321], Saldanha 1994:461 [ref. 22325], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Arruda 1997:25 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:40 [ref. 23897], Didier 2003:599 [ref. 26986], Møller et al. 2004:55 [ref. 27739], Soto & Vooren 2004:6 [ref. 27918], Moura et al. 2005:743 [ref. 28380], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:54 [ref. 34398], Didier 2016:1456 [ref. 34546], Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:509 [ref. 35113], Ehemann et al. 2018:20 [ref. 36194], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:35 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:54 [ref. 37250], Ehemann et al. 2019:[5] [ref. 36861]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus mirabilis (Collett 1904). Chimaeridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic, including Caribbean Sea; North Atlantic: Iceland; eastern Atlantic: Ireland and Rockall Trough south to Western Sahara; Namibia. Habitat: marine.

mitsukurii, Chimaera Dean [B.] 1904:6, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 19 (no. 3); ref. 15183] Misaki, Sagami Sea, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 1457. Paratypes: Columbia Univ. [ex Imp. Univ. Tokyo] (1). Appeared first (23 Jan. 1904) in Jordan & Snyder with different specimens. Dean's Chimaera mitsukurii is therefore objectively invalid, preoccupied by Chimaera mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder 1904, and presumably also a junior synonym. See Chimaera mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder. •Synonym of Hydrolagus mitsukurii (Jordan & Snyder 1904) -- (Dyldin 2015:78 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Hydrolagus mitsukurii (Jordan & Snyder 1904). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

mitsukurii, Chimaera Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] (ex Dean) 1904:224, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 27 (no. 1356); ref. 20652] Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 7739 (not found in 1997). Appeared as above, with a statement, (p. 223), "The latter is a new species, and Dr. Bashford Dean tells us that he has proposed for it, in a paper still unpublished, the name Chimaera mitsukurii. The name we accept in place of one devised by ourselves." Dean's account was published 3 weeks later (Dean 1904:6, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [ref. 15183]) and is based on different specimens; it is a homonym (and presumably a synonym) of Chimaera mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder. •Valid as Hydrolagus mitsukurii but author as Dean -- (Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:17 [ref. 6441], Nakaya in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:75, 312 [ref. 8057], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Nakabo 2000:114 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:286 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:114 [ref. 26001], Ebert et al. 2013:371 [ref. 33045]). •Valid as Hydrolagus mitsukurii (Jordan & Snyder 1904) -- (Choi et al. 2003:48, 468 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:392 [ref. 28370], Compagno et al. 2005:14 [ref. 29145] with author as Dean in Jordan & Snyder, Shao et al. 2008:236 [ref. 29952], Ebert et al. 2013:371 [ref. 33045], Shinohara et al. 2014:231 [ref. 33330], Dyldin 2015:78 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211] see remarks, Walovich et al. 2017:516 [ref. 35113], White et al. 2017:296 [ref. 35860] as cf. misukurii, White & Ko'ou 2018:69 [ref. 35922] as cf. mitsukurii). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus mitsukurii (Jordan & Snyder 1904). Chimaeridae. Distribution: Japan, Taiwan and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

monstrosa, Chimaera Linnaeus [C.] 1758:236 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Atlantic. Syntypes: NRM 31334 (1). Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:18 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus 1758 -- (Krefft 1973:78 [ref. 7166], Ehrich 1983:128 [ref. 37253], Stehmann & Bürkel in Whitehead et al. 1984:212 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1986:144 [ref. 5648], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:164 [ref. 36134], Krefft 1990:111 [ref. 19321], Didier 1995:14 [ref. 22713], Goren & Galil 1997:197 [ref. 23058], Santos et al. 1997:7 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:25 [ref. 24952], Didier 1998:285 [ref. 23475], Fricke 1999:18 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:28 [ref. 26753], Møller et al. 2004:56 [ref. 27739], Golani 2005:15 [ref. 37112], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:11 [ref. 29533], George 2009:57 [ref. 30539], Kemper et al. 2010:649 [ref. 30873], Kemper et al. 2010:55 [ref. 30883], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:16 [ref. 36649], Møller et al. 2010:18 [ref. 31169], Luchetti et al. 2011:400 [ref. 31442], Parin et al. 2014:17 [ref. 33547], Dyldin 2015:77 [ref. 34524], Goren & Galil 2015:510 [ref. 33910], Walovich et al. 2015:163 [ref. 33924], Bañón et al. 2016:302 [ref. 34397], Didier 2016:1455 [ref. 34546], Weigmann 2016:165 [ref. 34211], Biscoito et al. 2018:487 [ref. 37562], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:33 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:53 [ref. 37250], Bariche & Fricke 2020:31 [ref. 37515], Catarino et al. 2020:[3] [ref. 37673], Kovačić et al. 2020:9 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus 1758. Chimaeridae. Distribution: North Atlantic: Greenland and Iceland; western Baltic Sea; northern North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Norway south to Morocco, including Canary Islands; South Africa. Azores and Madeira records probably based on C. opalescens Luchetti, Iglésias & Sellos 201. Habitat: marine.

neglecta, Chimaera Ogilby [J. D.] 1888:23 [Catalogue of the fishes in the collection of the Australian Museum. Part I; ref. 14485] No locality. Holotype (unique): AMS I.1757. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Chimaera neglecta Egerton 1843:153, a fossil species (Fowler 1911:603 [ref. 17599]). •Synonym of Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett 1839) -- (Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Didier & Rosenberger 2002:113 [ref. 26936] with question). •Possibly in the synonymy of Hydrolagus novaezealandiae (Fowler 1911) -- (Didier & Rosenberger 2002:121 [ref. 26936]). Current status: Uncertain as Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett 1839). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

notafricana, Chimaera Kemper [J. M.], Ebert [D. A.], Compagno [L. J. V.] & Didier [D. A.] 2010:56, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 2532; ref. 30883] Cape Agulhas, 34°49.9'S, 20°00'00"E, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic. Holotype: SAM 34517. Paratypes: SAM 34428 (1); SAIAB 27132 (1), 27133 (1), 34429 (1). •Valid as Chimaera notafricana Kemper, Ebert, Compagno & Didier 2010 -- (Walovich et al. 2015:163 [ref. 33924], Weigmann 2016:165 [ref. 34211], Clerkin et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35546], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:34 [ref. 37302]). Current status: Valid as Chimaera notafricana Kemper, Ebert, Compagno & Didier 2010. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: Namibia to Algoa Bay, South Africa. Habitat: marine.

novaezealandiae, Chimaera Fowler [H. W.] 1911:603 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 62 (for 1910); ref. 17599] ?Wairau Bar, New Zealand. Syntypes: ?NMNZ P.206 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:6 [ref. 18942], for Chimaera monstrosa australis Hector 1902. Original as novae-zealandiae. Replacement name for Chimaera monstrosa australis Hector 1902, preoccupied by Chimaera australis Shaw 1804. •Valid as Hydrolagus novaezealandiae (Fowler 1911) -- (Hardy in Amaoka et al. 1990:91 [ref. 16024] as novaezelandiae, Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Didier 2002:299 [ref. 26493], Barnett et al. 2006:36 [ref. 28820], Didier 2008:354 [ref. 29700], Kemper et al. 2014:2 [ref. 33599], Kemper et al. 2015:48 [ref. 34214], Weigmann 2016:168 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:516 [ref. 35113]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus novaezealandiae (Fowler 1911). Chimaeridae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

obscura, Chimaera Didier [D. A.], Last [P. R.] & White [W. T.] 2008:334, Figs. 3-4 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29698] East of Tuncurry, New South Wales, Australia, 32°06'S, 153°09'E, depth 1025-1080 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 1383-02. Paratypes: CSIRO H 1383-01 (1). •Valid as Chimaera obscura Didier, Last & White 2008 -- (Last et al. 2008:345 [ref. 29699], Luchetti et al. 2011:400 [ref. 31442], Kemper et al. 2014:16 [ref. 33599], Weigmann 2016:165 [ref. 34211], Finucci et al. 2018:191 [ref. 35768]). Current status: Valid as Chimaera obscura Didier, Last & White 2008. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Eastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

ogilbyi, Chimaera Waite [E. R.] 1898:56, Pl. 11 [New South Wales, Sea Fisheries, Report, Sydney 1898; ref. 14694] Off Port Hacking, New South Wales, Australia, 34°04.8'S, 151°12'E, depth 22-38 fathoms. [Original locality: Thetis station 35, 37, and 46, vicinity of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, depth 33-66 fathoms.] Lectotype: AMS I.3736. Paralectotypes: AMS I.3732 (1) , I.3734 (1), I 3736-7 (1 of 2). Lectotype designated by Finucci et al. 2018:198 [ref. 35768]. •Valid as Hydrolagus ogilbyi (Waite 1898) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:97 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:189 [ref. 22532], Last & Stevens 1994:478 [ref. 23873], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Nakabo 2000:113 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:113, 1440 [ref. 26001], Paxton et al. 2006:52 [ref. 28995], Didier 2008:349 [ref. 29700], Didier 2008:354 [ref. 29700], Gomon 2008:146 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2014:16 [ref. 33932], Shinohara et al. 2014:231 [ref. 33330], Weigmann 2016:168 [ref. 34211] see remarks). •Valid as Chimaera ogilbyi Waite 1898 -- (White et al. 2017:294 [ref. 35860], Finucci et al. 2018:191, 198 [ref. 35768], White & Ko'ou 2018:69 [ref. 35922]). Current status: Valid as Chimaera ogilbyi Waite 1898. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia: New South Wales to eastern South Australia; Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

opalescens, Chimaera Luchetti [E. A.], Iglésias [S. P.] & Sellos [D. Y.] 2011:402, Figs. 1-3 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 79 (no. 2); ref. 31442] South of Great Sole Bank, 48°34.3' - 48°33.2'N, 10°10.3' - 10°13.9'W, northeastern Atlantic, depth 103 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2007-1569. Paratypes: (30) at CSIRO, HUMZ, MNHN, USNM. Plus one non-type specimen. •Valid as Chimaera opalescens Luchetti, Iglésias & Sellos 2011 -- (Weigmann 2016:165 [ref. 34211], Bañón et al. 2016:303 [ref. 34397], Biscoito et al. 2018:483 [ref. 37562], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:33 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:53 [ref. 37250], Catarino et al. 2020:[3] [ref. 37673]). Current status: Valid as Chimaera opalescens Luchetti, Iglésias & Sellos 2011. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Northeastern Atlantic: Rockall Trough; Azores and seamounts off Madeira. Habitat: marine.

orientalis, Chimaera Angulo [A.], López [M. I.], Bussing [W. A.] & Murase [A.] 2014:560, Figs. 3-5 [Zootaxa 3861 (no. 6); ref. 33497] Cabo Blanco, Puntarenas, Costa Rica, 9°26'16.44"N, 85°29'56.04"W, depth 560-620 meters. Holotype: UCR 2909-05.01. Paratypes: UCR 2909-05.02 (1), HUMZ 174615 (1). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:371 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Chimaera orientalis Angulo, López, Bussing & Murase 2014 -- (Weigmann 2016:165 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Chimaera orientalis Angulo, López, Bussing & Murase 2014. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Costa Rica and Peru. Habitat: marine.

owstoni, Chimaera Tanaka [S.] 1905:10, Pl. 1 (figs. 2-3) [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 20 (art. 11); ref. 15387] Inatori, Idzu, Sagami Sea, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT ?916 (lost). Paratypes: ZUMT ?916 (1, lost). •Valid as Chimaera owstoni Tanaka 1905 -- (Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:17 [ref. 6441], Didier 1995:14 [ref. 22713], Didier 1998:285 [ref. 23475], Nakabo 2000:113 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:113 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:86 [ref. 28379], Didier et al. 2008:331 [ref. 29698], Last et al. 2008:345 [ref. 29699], Luchetti et al. 2011:400 [ref. 31442], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Chimaera owstoni Tanaka 1905. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Western and central North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pallidus, Hydrolagus Hardy [G. S.] & Stehmann [M. F. W.] 1990:231, Figs. 1-4 [Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft v. 40 (no. 3); ref. 16629] Eastern North Atlantic, 61°06.2'-07.2'N, 11°26.4'-20.2'W, depth 1220 meters. Holotype: ZMH 25389 [ex ISH 33-1981]. Paratypes: BMNH 1988.6.28.1-2 (2); NMSZ P.22162 (1); RSM 1988.025.00001-2 (2); ZMH 25390 [ex ISH 67-1974] (1), 25391 [ex ISH 103-1974] (1), 25392 [ex 118-1974a-d] (4), 25393 [ex ISH 831-1974] (1), 25394 [ex ISH 205-1975] (1). •Valid as Hydrolagus pallidus Hardy & Stehmann 1990 -- (Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Santos et al. 1997:7 [ref. 23531], Saldanha & Biscoito 1997:194 [ref. 24962], Didier & Séret 2002:231 [ref. 26557], Moore et al. 2003:166 [ref. 27076], Møller et al. 2004:59 [ref. 27739], Moura et al. 2005:743 [ref. 28380], Møller et al. 2010:18 [ref. 31169], Luchetti et al. 2011:400 [ref. 31442], Didier 2016:1456 [ref. 34546], Weigmann 2016:168 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:517 [ref. 35113], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:36 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:54 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus pallidus Hardy & Stehmann 1990. Chimaeridae. Distribution: North Atlantic and Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Habitat: marine.

panthera, Chimaera Didier [D. A.] 1998:282, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Research v. 45 (no. 3); ref. 23475] Lord Howe Rise, 34°18.81'S, 162°40.79'E, depth 650-950 meters. Holotype: NSMT P32122. Paratypes: ANSP 177749 [ex. NSMT P33296] (1), NMNZ P29714 (1). •Valid as Chimaera panthera Didier 1998 -- (Didier et al. 2008:331 [ref. 29698], Luchetti et al. 2011:400 [ref. 31442], Kemper et al. 2014:15 [ref. 33599], Kemper et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34214], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Chimaera panthera Didier 1998. Chimaeridae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

phantasma, Chimaera Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1900:338 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 23 (no. 1213); ref. 2502] Tokyo Bay, Japan. Holotype (unique): USNM 49398. •Valid as Chimaera phantasma Jordan & Snyder 1900 -- (Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:17 [ref. 6441], Nakaya in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:75, 312 [ref. 8057], Didier 1995:14 [ref. 22713], Chen et al. 1997:11 [ref. 26476], Cheng & Zhou 1997:60 [ref. 26385] as plantasma [sic], Senou & Masuda 1998:2 [ref. 24388], Compagno 1999:1536 [ref. 24657], Nakabo 2000:113 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:583 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:286 [ref. 25995], Wang et al. 2001:47 [ref. 26566], Nakabo 2002:113 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:48, 468 [ref. 26218], Didier & Séret 2002:225 [ref. 26557], Bunkley-Williams & Williams 2004:92 [ref. 27795], Shinohara et al. 2005:391 [ref. 28370], Compagno et al. 2005:13 [ref. 29145], Didier et al. 2008:331 [ref. 29698], Last et al. 2008:346 [ref. 29699], Last el al. 2010:266 [ref. 32461], Fricke et al. 2011:344 [ref. 31242], Luchetti et al. 2011:400 [ref. 31442], Shinohara et al. 2011:38 [ref. 31715], Yamashita et al. 2012:119 [ref. 32408], Ebert et al. 2013:370 [ref. 33045], Shinohara et al. 2014:231 [ref. 33330], Dyldin 2015:77 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211], Sonoyama et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Chimaera phantasma Jordan & Snyder 1900. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Borneo, Philippines and Taiwan north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

plumbea, Chimaera Gill [T. N.] 1878:182 [Bulletin of the Philosophical Society of Washington 1878 [v. 2]; ref. 17622] Southeast of Le Have Bank, 42°40'N, 63°23'W, depth 300 or 350 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 20935. Also appeared as new in Gill 1878:183 [ref. 32425]. •Synonym of Hydrolagus affinis (de Brito Capello 1868) -- (Krefft 1973:79 [ref. 7166], Hardy & Stehmann 1990:239 [ref. 16629], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Hydrolagus affinis (de Brito Capello 1868). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

praecisa, Chimaera Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:588 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] American Ocean. •Unidentifiable, Chimaera or Hydrolagus -- (Didier 1995:14 [ref. 22713]). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

pseudomonstrosa, Chimaera Fang [P.-W.] & Wang [K.-F.] 1932:280, Fig. 28 [Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China. (Zoological Series) v. 8 (no. 8); ref. 16483] Tsingtau, Shantung, China. Holotype (unique): Mus. Biol. Lab. Sci. Soc. China 10487. •Valid as Chimaera pseudomonstrosa Fang & Wang 1932 -- (Didier 1995:14 [ref. 22713]). •Probably the same as Chimaera phantasma Jordan & Snyder 1900 -- (Didier pers. comm.). Current status: Uncertain as Chimaera phantasma Jordan & Snyder 1900. Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

purpurascens, Chimaera Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1904:235 [Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections v. 45; ref. 2519] Gilbert MS cited as author, but his description was published in 1905 as purpurescens. Treatment in Jordan & Snyder without clear distinguishing features and regarded as not available; they reported a specimen from Japan (SU 12902). Chimaeridae.

purpurescens, Chimaera Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:582, Fig. 231 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Vicinity of Kauai Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4183, depth 957-1067 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 51594 [not 51592]. Not regarded as preoccupied by use of this name as purpurascens by Jordan & Snyder 1904:235 [ref. 2519]; Chimaera gilberti Garman 1911 is therefore regarded as an unneeded replacement. Second specimen mentioned as identified as this species by Snyder is not regarded as a type. •Valid as Hydrolagus purpurescens (Gilbert 1905) -- (Shirai in Amaoka et al. 1983:63, 172 [ref. 8379], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:17 [ref. 6441], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Nakabo 2000:114 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:114 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:392 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:86 [ref. 28379], Parin et al. 2014:17 [ref. 33547], Dyldin 2015:78 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:168 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:517 [ref. 35113], Motomura et al. 2017:19 [ref. 35490], Dyldin & Orlov 2018:173 [ref. 35920]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus purpurescens (Gilbert 1905). Chimaeridae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: southern Japan to Hancock and Koko seamounts (Hawaiian Islands). Habitat: marine.

spilota, Chimaera Tanaka [S.] 1908:15 [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 23 (art. 7); ref. 6032] Off Miyako, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 961 (lost). Paratypes: ZUMT (2, lost). •Synonym of Hydrolagus barbouri (Garman 1908) -- (Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Dyldin 2015:78 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Hydrolagus barbouri (Garman 1908). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

trolli, Hydrolagus Didier [D. A.] & Séret [B.] 2002:227, Figs. 3-6 [Cybium v. 26 (no. 3); ref. 26557] New Caledonia, South Pacific, 24°44.90'S, 167°43'.10'E, depth 1246-1213 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1998-0679. Paratypes: MNHN 1998-0671 (1); 1998-0680 (1); NMNZ P20350-51 (1, 1), P24469-71 (1, 1, 1), P24478-79 (1, 1), P24858 (2), P25932 (1), P25938 (1), P25970 (2), P26953 (1), P28647 (2), P31189 (3). •Valid as Hydrolagus trolli Didier & Séret 2002 -- (Didier 2008:354 [ref. 29700], Fricke et al. 2011:344 [ref. 31242], Kemper et al. 2014:2 [ref. 33599], Walovich et al. 2015:165 [ref. 33924] as cf. trolli, Kemper et al. 2015:49 [ref. 34214], Weigmann 2016:168 [ref. 34211] see remarks, Reichert et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35101] as cf. trolli, Walovich et al. 2017:517 [ref. 35113], Ebert et al. 2017:61 [ref. 35618] as cf. trolli, Finucci et al. 2018:191 [ref. 35768], Jew et al. 2018:[4] [ref. 36022], Burton & Lea 2019:27 [ref. 37205] as cf. trolli). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus trolli Didier & Séret 2002. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia and New Zealand region; eastern Pacific: Chile; central California (U.S.A.) as trolli ? [ref. 35101]. Habitat: marine.

tropica, Chimaera Poey [F.] 2000:858, Pls. 503 (figs. 1-2), 504, 505 [Ictiologia Cubana. Posthumous transcription of original unpublished manuscript (1884) by M. Sánchez Roig and F. Gómez de la Maza v. 1-3; ref. 26366] Not available; not explicitly proposed as new [see Art. 16.1 of the Code]. Posthumous publication. Chimaeridae.

tsengi, Chimaera Fang [P.-W.] & Wang [K.-F.] 1932:281, Fig. 29 [Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China. (Zoological Series) v. 8 (no. 8); ref. 16483] Chefoo, Shantung Province, China. Holotype: Mus. Biol. Lab. Sci. Soc. China 10020. Additional material: (several). •Synonym of Hydrolagus ogilbyi (Waite 1898) -- (Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713]). •Valid as Hydrolagus tsengi (Fang & Wang 1932) -- (Cheng & Zhou 1997:61 [ref. 26385]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus tsengi (Fang & Wang 1932). Chimaeridae. Distribution: China. Habitat: marine.

vaillanti, Chimaera Dean [B.] 1906:7 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Publications No. 32; ref. 17390] Not available, no distinguishing features; with locality as Cape of Good Hope (MNHN 2557). •Mention -- (Didier 1995:14 [ref. 22713]). •In the synonymy of Chimaera notafricana Kemper, Ebert, Compagno & Didier 2010 -- (Kemper et al. 2010:56 [ref. 30883]). Current status: Synonym of Chimaera notafricana Kemper, Ebert, Compagno & Didier 2010. Chimaeridae.

waitei, Hydrolagus Fowler [H. W.] 1907:419, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 59; ref. 1377] Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): ANSP 33119 (dry, poor coondition). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:56 [ref. 13621]. •Probably a synonym of Hydrolagus ogilbyi (Waite 1898) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:97 [ref. 12442], Didier, pers. comm. 1998). •Valid as Hydrolagus waitei Fowler 1907 -- (Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713]). •Synonym of Hydrolagus ogilbyi (Waite 1898) -- (Last & Stevens 1994:478 [ref. 23873], Paxton et al. 2006:52 [ref. 28995] with question). •Synonym of Chimaera ogilbyi Waite 1898 -- (Finucci et al. 2018:198 [ref. 35768]). Current status: Synonym of Chimaera ogilbyi Waite 1898. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Australia [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

willwatchi, Chimaera Clerkin [P. J.], Ebert [D. A.] & Kemper [J. M.] 2017:7, Figs. 6-8, 10-12 [Zootaxa 4312 (no. 1); ref. 35546] Southwestern Indian Ocean, Southwest Indian Ocean Ridge, 33°55’S, 55°16’E, depth 850-1075 meters. Holotype: CAS 242336. Paratypes: CAS, iSAM MB, SAIAB, SIO, USNM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Chimaera willwatchi Clerkin, Ebert & Kemper 2017. Current status: Valid as Chimaera willwatchi Clerkin, Ebert & Kemper 2017. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southwest Indian Ocean Ridge, northern Madagascar Ridge and Walters Shoal, Southwest Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.