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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Clinidae: [ 178 ] records


acuminatus, Blennius Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:169 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality. No types known. •Valid as Clinus acuminatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Penrith 1969:34 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:762 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Clinus acuminatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

acuminatus, Clinus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:370 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: MNHN A-2067 (2), A-2068 (1), A-2330 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:42 [ref. 20734]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Clinus by Blennius acuminatus Schneider 1801. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

adelaidae, Heteroclinus Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:247 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] St. Vincent Gulf, South Australia. Holotype: SAMA F1492 or MNHN A-1077. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:53-54 [ref. 20734] and Glover 1976:174 [ref. 19449] but in disagreement. Also appeared in Castelnau 1873:68 [ref. 758]. •Valid as Heteroclinus adelaidae Castelnau 1872 -- (Hoese 1976:54 [ref. 7338] with MNHN A.1077 as holotype, Kuiter 1993:330 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:754 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Rennis 2006:24 [ref. 28927], Hoese 2006:1531 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:706 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Heteroclinus adelaidae Castelnau 1872. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

aethiops, Ophiclinus McCulloch [A. R.] & Waite [E. R.] 1918:57, Fig. 29 [Records of the South Australian Museum (Adelaide) v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 2950] Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.14615 (1); SAMA F481 (1). Type catalog: Glover 1976:174 [ref. 19449]. •Synonym of Ophiclinus antarcticus Castelnau 1872 -- (George & Springer 1980:13 [ref. 6935], Gomon et al. 1994:768 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1536 [ref. 28998] with a holotype). Current status: Synonym of Ophiclinus antarcticus Castelnau 1872. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

agilis, Clinus Smith [J. L. B.] 1931:154, Pl. 16 [Records of the Albany Museum Grahamstown v. 4 (pt 1); ref. 4062] Knysna estuary, Cape Province, South Africa. Syntypes: (7) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] [ex AMG] 242 (1), SAM [ex AMG] 18278 (1). •Valid as Clinus agilis Smith 1931 -- (Penrith 1969:37 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:762 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Clinus agilis Smith 1931. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

albidus, Blennius Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] in Machado 1857:24 [Catálogo de los peces que habitán ó frecuentan las costas de Cadiz y Huelva con inclusion de los del Rio Guadalquivir.; ref. 17320] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only; not available. Based on Blennius alvidus of Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817 [ref. 17319]. Also as name only in Graells 1887:176 [ref. 30438]. See also Blennius alvidus Navarrete 1898. •In the synonymy of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Current status: Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Clinidae.

alvidus, Blennius Navarrete [A.] 1898:104, 158 [Manual de ictiología marina; ref. 18474] No types known. Unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Blennius argentatus Risso 1810. •Objective synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Current status: Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

alvidus, Blennius Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:8 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. See also Blennius albidus Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Machado 1857. Also appeared as name only in Graells 1887:176 [ref. 30438]. •In the synonymy of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Current status: Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Clinidae.

amaenus, Cristiceps Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:48 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Melbourne market, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5630 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:52 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Heteroclinus tristis (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:764 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1534 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Heteroclinus tristis (Klunzinger 1872). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

anguillaris, Clinus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:390, Pl. 334 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: MNHN A-2079 (1), 6341 (1), ?A-2533 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:42-43 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Clinus anguillaris Valenciennes 1836 -- (Penrith 1969:22 [ref. 20726]). •Valid as Blennophis anguillaris (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith 1986:759 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:465 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Blennophis anguillaris (Valenciennes 1836). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

anguillaris, Peronedys Steindachner [F.] 1883:197 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse v. 20 (no. 22); ref. 20488] St. Vincent Gulf, South Australia. Syntypes: (several) NMW 65348 (8). Species later described in more detail in Steindachner 1884:1083 [p. 19 in separate] [ref. 4234]. •Valid as Peronedys anguillaris Steindachner 1883 -- (George & Springer 1980:25 [ref. 6935], Kuiter 1993:335 [ref. 23929], Kuiter 1997:340 [ref. 25488], Johnson 1999:747 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Hoese 2006:1537 [ref. 28998] with a holotype, Hoese et al. 2008:720 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:468 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Peronedys anguillaris Steindachner 1883. Clinidae. Distribution: Southern Australia: South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

anne, Ophthalmolophus Smith [J. L. B.] 1948:733, Fig. 2 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 14 (no. 118) (art. 68); ref. 4075] Lamberts Bay, South Africa. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 248. Paratypes: (4) not researched. •Synonym of Clinus agilis Smith 1931 -- (Penrith 1969:37 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:762 [ref. 5712]). Current status: Synonym of Clinus agilis Smith 1931. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

antarcticus, Ophiclinus Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:246 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] St. Vincent Gulf, South Australia. Holotype: MNHN A-1095. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:40 [ref. 20734]. Also in Castelnau 1873:69 [ref. 758]. •Valid as Ophiclinus antarcticus Castelnau 1872 -- (George & Springer 1980:13 [ref. 6935], Gomon et al. 1994:768 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:338 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Hoese 2006:1536 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:717 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ophiclinus antarcticus Castelnau 1872. Clinidae. Distribution: Australia: South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

antinectes, Cristiceps Günther [A.] 1861:273, footnote [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Freycinet Harbor, Shark's Bay, West Australia [Port Jackson, Freycinet Harbor, and Gages Road, Swan River, Australia]. Lectotype: BMNH 1858.12.27.67. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1974.11.29.1-2 (2), 1974.11.29.3 (1), 1847.7.21.85 (2), BMNH uncat. (1, not found). A variety of Cristiceps argentatus provided with a species name in footnote. •Valid as Heteroclinus antinectes (Günther 1861) -- (Hoese 2006:1531 [ref. 28998], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Heteroclinus antinectes (Günther 1861). Clinidae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

arborescens, Clinus superciliosus var. Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:115 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] False Bay, Kommetje and off Roman Rock, South Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1927.12.6.64 [ex SAM] (1), SAM 9871-73 (7). •Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Penrith 1969:57 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:765 [ref. 5712]). •Valid as Clinus arborescens Gilchrist & Thompson 1908 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396], Holleman et al. 2012:832 [ref. 32284]). Current status: Valid as Clinus arborescens Gilchrist & Thompson 1908. Clinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa. Habitat: marine.

argentatus, Blennius Risso [A.] 1810:140 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:19 [ref. 20734]. Also appeared in Risso 1827:238 [ref. 3757] as Clinus argentatus. •See Goren & Dor 1994:61 [ref. 25356]. •Valid as Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810) -- (Wheeler 1973:530 [ref. 7190], Wirtz & Zander in Whitehead et al. 1986:1117 [ref. 13677], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:120 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:52 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:100 [ref. 29533], Patzner et al. 2009:465 [ref. 30396], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:57 [ref. 36649], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:207 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864], Trkov et al. 2019:68 [ref. 36880], Bariche & Fricke 2020:66 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:33 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Clinidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; eastern Atlantic: Portugal and southern Spain south to northern Morocco. Habitat: marine.

argentinus, Cristiceps Berg [C.] 1898:12 [Comunicaciones del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 14675] Cape Corrientes, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, Atlantic, about 38°15'30"S, 57°39'13"W. Holotype (unique): MACN 3349. Type catalog: Braga & Piacentino 1994:99 [ref. 23697]. •Synonym of Ribeiroclinus eigenmanni (Jordan 1888) -- (Springer 1970:434 [ref. 21759]). Current status: Synonym of Ribeiroclinus eigenmanni (Jordan 1888). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

argyropleura, Cristiceps Kner [R.] 1865:199, Pl. 7 (fig. 4) [Reise der öesterreichischen Fregatte "Novara" v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 18427] Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): NMW 5476. Appeared also in Kner (May 18) 1865:502 [ref. 4928], earliest not established. •Valid as Cristiceps argyropleura Kner 1865 -- (Kuiter 1993:326 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:742 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1530 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:698 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Cristiceps argyropleura Kner 1865. Clinidae. Distribution: Australia: New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. Habitat: marine.

audifredi, Blennius Risso [A.] 1810:139, Pl. 6 (fig. 15) [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Possible type: MNHN A-2104 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:19 [ref. 20734]. Also in Risso 1827:240 [ref. 3757] as Clinus audifredi. •Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810) -- (Wheeler 1973:530 [ref. 7190]). Current status: Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

aurantiacus, Cristiceps Castelnau [F. L.] 1879:353, 386 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 4); ref. 764] Kiama and Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN A-1226 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:52-53 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Cristiceps aurantiacus Castelnau 1879 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:221 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:97 [ref. 24625], Kuiter 1993:326 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Kuiter 1997:338 [ref. 25488], Johnson 1999:747 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Larson 2001:3537 [ref. 26289], Hoese 2006:1530 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:698 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Cristiceps aurantiacus Castelnau 1879. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Australia, Lord Howe and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

australis, Cristiceps Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:402, Pl. 336 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Tasmania; upper Derwent River, Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN A-2074 (1), A-2131 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:53 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Cristiceps australis Valenciennes 1836 -- (Kuiter 1993:326 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:743 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Larson 2001:3537 [ref. 26289], Hoese 2006:1531 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:699 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Cristiceps australis Valenciennes 1836. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: New South Wales, Victorai, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

axillaris, Cristiceps Richardson [J.] 1846:486, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-3) [Discoveries in Australia; ref. 3743] King George Sound, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Cristiceps australis Valenciennes 1836 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:744 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1531 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Cristiceps australis Valenciennes 1836. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

aysoni, Auchenopterus Hector [J.] 1902:240, Pl. 15 [Transactions of the New Zealand Institute v. 34 (art. 26); ref. 14878] Bay of Islands, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): NMNZ P.53. Type catalog: Hardy 1990:14 [ref. 18942]. •Synonym of Cristiceps aurantiacus Castelnau 1879. Current status: Synonym of Cristiceps aurantiacus Castelnau 1879. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

berrisfordi, Clinus Penrith [M.-L.] 1967:48, Figs. 3 a-b [Annals of the South African Museum v. 50 (pt 4); ref. 7908] Onrust River mouth, Southwest Africa. Holotype: SAM 24601. Paratypes: SAM 24221 (15, now 10). •Valid as Clinus berrisfordi Penrith 1967 -- (Penrith 1969:41 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:762 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Clinus berrisfordi Penrith 1967. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

bicolor, Scleropteryx De Vis [C. W.] in Ogilby 1894:374 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 3267] Not available, manuscript name mentioned under Ophioclinus devisi Ogilby 1894. •In the synonymy of Peronedys anguillaris Steindachner 1883 -- (George & Springer 1980:25 [ref. 6935], Hoese 2006:1537 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Peronedys anguillaris Steindachner 1883. Clinidae.

biporosus, Clinus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:137 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] St. James, False Bay, South Africa. Lectotype: SAM 25141. Paralectotypes: SAM 10528-29 (1, 1). Lectotype selected by Penrith 1969:93 [ref. 20726]. •Valid as Clinoporus biporosus (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908) -- (Penrith 1969:92 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:761 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Clinoporus biporosus (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

brachycephalus, Clinus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:371 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype: MNHN A-2013. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:43 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Blennioclinus brachycephalus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Penrith 1969:88 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:758 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:465 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Blennioclinus brachycephalus (Valenciennes 1836). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

brevicristatus, Clinus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:118 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] Kalk Bay, False Bay, Cape Province, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM 9988. •Valid as Clinus brevicristatus Gilchrist & Thompson 1908 -- (Penrith 1969:43 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:763 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Clinus brevicristatus Gilchrist & Thompson 1908. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

brevipinnis, Ophiclinus George [A.] & Springer [V. G.] 1980:17, Fig. 6 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 307; ref. 6935] Knob Point, Kangaroo Island, South Australia, 35°37'S, 137°15'E, depth 15 meters. Holotype: AMS I.20167-002. Paratypes: AMS I.20188-007 (1), WAM P.26000-022 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:38 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:42 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Ophiclinus brevipinnis George & Springer 1980 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:769 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Hoese 2006:1536 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:718 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ophiclinus brevipinnis George & Springer 1980. Clinidae. Distribution: Australia: South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

burrelli, Cancelloxus Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:355, Fig. 4 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 20; ref. 4127] Lamberts Bay, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 329. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] (3) not researched. •Valid as Cancelloxus burrelli Smith 1961 -- (Penrith 1969:103 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:760 [ref. 5712], Prochazka & Griffiths 1991:6 [ref. 19345], Patzner et al. 2009:465 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Cancelloxus burrelli Smith 1961. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

caeruleopunctatus, Pavoclinus Zsilavecz [G.] 2001:2, Figs. 1-2; Pl. 1 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 66; ref. 26617] Justin's Caves, Oudekraal, Cape Peninsula, South Africa, 34°58.7'S, 18°21.6'E, depth 6 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 63336. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 63337-43 (1 ea.), 63345-46 (1, 1); SAM 35668-69 (1, 1); USNM 364374-75 (1, 1). •Valid as Pavoclinus caeruleopunctatus Zsilavecz 2001 -- (Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:391 [ref. 28072], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Pavoclinus caeruleopunctatus Zsilavecz 2001. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa. Habitat: marine.

canescens, Blennius Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:172 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on the "Blennius canescens; ossiculis ultimis pinnae dorsalis mollibus" of Seba 1759:90 (no. 2), Pl. 30 (fig. 2) [ref. 18716]. Unused senior synonym of Blennius argentatus Risso 1810: here treated as a nomen oblitum. •Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Current status: Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Blennius Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:175 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. No types known. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Penrith 1969:57 [ref. 20726], Holleman et al. 2012:840 [ref. 32284]). Current status: Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Cirrhibarbis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:406, Pl. 337 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-0710 (1), 0000-6334 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:41-42 [ref. 20734], Bauchot & Daget 1996:243 [ref. 22899]. •Valid as Clinus capensis (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Penrith 1969:26 [ref. 20726]). •Valid as Cirrhibarbis capensis Valenciennes 1836 -- (Smith 1986:760 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:465 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Cirrhibarbis capensis Valenciennes 1836. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

castelnaui, Stichaeus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1882:172 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 6; ref. 3894] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: MNHN A-4013 (4), A-4014 (4). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:58 [ref. 20734]. Described in Stichaeidae with South Africa locality, but that family occurs only in the Northern Hemisphere and the description apparently is a clinid. •In family Clinidae -- (Mecklenburg & Sheiko 2004:2 [ref. 27604]). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

cinereus, Blennius Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:58 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Europe. Appeared in synonymy of Phycis mustelaris (Linnaeus 1758), not available. Clinidae.

cinnabarinus, Myxodes Kner [R.] & Steindachner [F.] 1867:370 [15] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 54 (pt 3); ref. 2640] Mejillones(?), northern Chile. Holotype (unique): NMW 21692. On p. 15 of separate. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

clarkae, Sticharium George [A.] & Springer [V. G.] 1980:27, Fig. 14a [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 307; ref. 6935] Southwest of Anglesea, Victoria, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.16983-005. Paratypes: AMS I.18470-004 (1), I.20217-001 (3), I.20233-018 (2). •Valid as Sticharium clarkae George & Springer 1980 -- (Kuiter 1993:334 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:773 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Hoese 2006:1538 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:721 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:468 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Sticharium clarkae George & Springer 1980. Clinidae. Distribution: Southern Australia: southern New South Wales to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

cottoides, Clinus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:367 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Cape Town, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Lectotype: MNHN A-2078. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-2077 (2), A-2534 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:44-45 [ref. 20734]. Lectotype selected by Penrith 1969:46 [ref. 20726] with 3 paralectotypes not this species. •Valid as Clinus cottoides Valenciennes 1836 -- (Penrith 1969:45 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:763 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Clinus cottoides Valenciennes 1836. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

cristatus, Myxodes Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:401 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Coast of Chile. Syntypes: MNHN A-2103 (1) [ Bauchot's holotype], B-3106 [ex MNHN A-2103] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:55 [ref. 20734] as holotype and paratype. •Valid as Myxodes cristatus Valenciennes 1836 -- (Stephens & Springer 1974:8 [ref. 7149], Pequeño 1989:66 [ref. 14125], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Myxodes cristatus Valenciennes 1836. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Chile. Habitat: marine.

despicillatus, Clinus Richardson [J.] 1839:99 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 3732] Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.687. Also described in Richardson 1842:128 [ref. 13097]. •Synonym of Heteroclinus perspicillatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:761 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1533 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Heteroclinus perspicillatus (Valenciennes 1836). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

devisi, Ophioclinus Ogilby [J. D.] 1894:373 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 3267] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS (2). Types are in the Australian Museum Sydney, not Queensland Museum as given by Ogilby. Lectotype (through use of holotype) not established by Whitley 1940:427, fig. 44 [ref. 4699] since there were two syntypes in the AMS lot. •Synonym of Peronedys anguillaris Steindachner 1883 -- (George & Springer 1980:25 [ref. 6935], Gomon et al. 1994:773 [ref. 22532], Johnson 1999:747 [ref. 25471], Hoese 2006:1537 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Peronedys anguillaris Steindachner 1883. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

dorsale, Sticharium Günther [A.] 1867:63 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 20 (no. 115); ref. 1988] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Lectotype: BMNH 1863.10.14.36. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1863.10.14.37 (1). Lectotype selected by George & Springer 1980:29 [ref. 6935]. •Valid as Sticharium dorsale Günther 1867 -- (George & Springer 1980:28 [ref. 6935], Kuiter 1993:334 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:774 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Hoese et al. 2008:722 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:468 [ref. 30396], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Sticharium dorsale Günther 1867. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: New South Wales to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

dorsalis, Clinus Bleeker [P.] (ex Castelnau) 1859:72 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 21; ref. 373] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Also appeared in Castelnau 1861:54 [ref. 767]; type is the 78-mm specimen studied by Bleeker. •Valid as Clinus dorsalis Bleeker 1859 -- (Penrith 1969:28 [ref. 20726]). •Valid as Muraenoclinus dorsalis (Bleeker 1859) -- (Smith 1986:766 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Muraenoclinus dorsalis (Bleeker 1859). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

dorsalis, Clinus Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:54 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Table Bay, South Africa. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:51 [ref. 20734]. Appeared first in Bleeker 1860:72 [ref. 373]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Clinus dorsalis Bleeker 1860. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

dubius, Clinus Bleeker [P.] (ex Castelnau) 1859:71 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 21; ref. 373] Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Also appeared in Castelnau 1861:51 [ref. 767]. •Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Penrith 1969:57 [ref. 20726], Holleman et al. 2012:840 [ref. 32284]). Current status: Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

dubius, Clinus Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:51 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:51 [ref. 20734]. Apparently appeared first in Bleeker 1859:71 [ref. 373]. •Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Penrith 1969:57 [ref. 20726]). Current status: Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

eckloniae, Clinus McKay [R. J.] 1970:16, Fig. 1 [Western Australian Fisheries Bulletin v. 9 (no. 5); ref. 19157] Southeast of Wilsons Head, west of Albany, Western Australia, depth 18 fathoms. Holotype: WAM P.16785-001. Paratypes: WAM P.16786-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:37 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:42 [ref. 30117]. Species listed as above in text, but as Petraites eckloniae in figure caption on p. 17. •Valid as Heteroclinus eckloniae (McKay 1970) -- (Kuiter 1993:328 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:755 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Hoese 2006:1532 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:706 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Heteroclinus eckloniae (McKay 1970). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

eigenmanni, Cristiceps Jordan [D. S.] 1888:387 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 39 (for 1887); ref. 10471] Off Bermeja Head, 41°17'S, 63°00'W, northeastern Patagonia, depth 17 meters. Holotype: MCZ 12556. •Valid as Ribeiroclinus eigenmanni (Jordan 1888) -- (Springer 1970:434 [ref. 21759], Andreata & Séret 1996:588 [ref. 16204], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1646 [ref. 25634], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:95 [ref. 27192], Patzner et al. 2009:468 [ref. 30396], Nión et al. 2016:52 [ref. 35565] with author as Valenciennes 1836). Current status: Valid as Ribeiroclinus eigenmanni (Jordan 1888). Clinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

elegans, Myxodes Cooper [J. G.] 1864:108, Fig. 23 (labeled Fig. 18) [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 3 (sigs. 7-8); ref. 4877] Bird Rock, San Diego County, California, U.S.A. Neotype: CAS-SU 16318. Syntypes: [Calif. State coll. 707 figured] Pt. Loma, San Diego (3), Catalina I. (3), Santa Barbara I. (2) apparently all lost. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:96 [ref. 12291]. Neotype designated by Hubbs 1952:141 [ref. 2252]. See account of Gibbonsia evides. •Valid as Gibbonsia elegans (Cooper 1864) -- (Hubbs 1952:138 [ref. 2252], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:242 [ref. 9277], Stepien & Rosenblatt 1991:892 [ref. 19864], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:1014 [ref. 22829], Nelson et al. 2004:164 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:296 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:89 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Gibbonsia elegans (Cooper 1864). Clinidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Cancelloxus Heemstra [P. C.] & Wright [J. E.] 1986:2, Figs. 1-4; Pl. 1 (upper) [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 40; ref. 5997] Off Storms River mouth, southeastern Cape Province, 34°01'S, 23°55'E, South Africa, depth 22-25 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 11989. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 12775 (1), 25496 (3), 11994 (1), 13438 (2), 13844 (1), 13854 (1); SAM 30909 (2). •Valid as Cancelloxus elongatus Heemstra & Wright 1986 -- (Smith 1986:760 [ref. 5712], Prochazka & Griffiths 1991:6 [ref. 19345], Patzner et al. 2009:465 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Cancelloxus elongatus Heemstra & Wright 1986. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

equiradiatus, Petraites Milward [N. E.] 1960:134, Fig. [Western Australian Naturalist v. 7 (no. 5); ref. 11935] Off coastal-limestone platform at the western end of Wilson Bay, Rottnest Island, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.4472-001. Paratypes: AMS IB.5164 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:37 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:42 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Heteroclinus equiradiatus (Milward 1960) -- (Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Hoese 2006:1532 [ref. 28998], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Heteroclinus equiradiatus (Milward 1960). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

erroli, Gibbonsia elegans Hubbs [Clark L.] 1952:151, Fig. 63 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 2252] Tide pool on Guadalupe Island, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 16255. Paratypes: (114) AMNH 48700 (1); CAS 20488 (11); FMNH 51432 (6); NYZS 28821 (?); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 819 (4); CAS-SU 16256-57 (48, 15); TNHC 446 (?), 452 (?); USNM 151999 (13). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:96 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:39 [ref. 12367], Springer & Orrell 1996:11 [ref. 22274]. •Synonym of Gibbonsia elegans (Cooper 1864). Current status: Synonym of Gibbonsia elegans (Cooper 1864). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

erythra, Gibbonsia Hubbs [Clark L.] 1952:135, Figs. 54-56 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 2252] Belchers Bay, Santa Rosa Island, California, U.S.A., depth 10 fathoms. Holotype: CAS-SU 16246. Paratypes: CAS 20494-95 (4, 2); LACM 22393 (1); NYZS 28818 (1); CAS-SU 16247-48 (37, 1), 46511 (1); UCLA W49-28 (1), W50-100 (3); USNM 151998 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:96 [ref. 12291], Springer & Orrell 1996:11 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Gibbonsia erythra Hubbs 1952 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:243 [ref. 9277]). •Synonym of Gibbonsia montereyensis Hubbs 1927 -- (Stepien & Rosenblatt 1991:892 [ref. 19864]). Current status: Synonym of Gibbonsia montereyensis Hubbs 1927. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

evides, Clinus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1883:763 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 16; ref. 2476] Southern California, U.S.A. Neotype: CAS-SU 16318. Replacement name for Myxodes elegans Cooper 1864, secondarily preoccupied by Clinus elegans Valenciennes 1836. Neotype designation for elegans also serves as the neotype for evides. Eschmeyer et al. 1998 pointed out that the valid name should be evides, but on the basis of Art. 59.3 of the 1999 code, the continued use of elegans is permitted. •Synonym of Gibbonsia elegans (Cooper 1864) -- Hubbs 1952:138 [ref. 2252], Stepien & Rosenblatt 1991:892 [ref. 19864] and Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:1014 [ref. 22829]. Current status: Synonym of Gibbonsia elegans (Cooper 1864). Clinidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

exasperatus, Clinus Holleman [W.], von der Heyden [S.] & Zsilavecz [G.] 2012:834, Fig. 1, 2C-E, 5, 7 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 166; ref. 32284] Betty's Bay, Western Cape, South Africa, depth 2 meters. Holotype: SAIAB 98635. A juvenile was lost, not included as a paratype. •Valid as Clinus exasperatus Holleman, von der Heyden & Zsilavecz 2012. Current status: Valid as Clinus exasperatus Holleman, von der Heyden & Zsilavecz 2012. Clinidae. Distribution: Betty's Bay, South Africa. Habitat: marine.

fasciata, Sciaena DeKay [J. E.] 1842:42 [Zoology of New-York; ref. 1098] Not available, identification name mentioned in passing under Lepisoma cirrhosum. Clinidae.

fasciatus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:30 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Objectively invalid, preoccupied by Blennius fasciatus Bloch 1786. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:10 [ref. 3595] in account of Blennius violaceus. •Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810) -- (Parenti 2019:105 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Cristiceps Macleay [W.] 1881:19 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 6 (pt 1); ref. 4931] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16406-001 [ex MAMU F1030]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Neoblennius fasciatus Castelnau 1875 when both are in Heteroclinus. •Valid as Heteroclinus fasciatus (Macleay 1881) -- (Kuiter 1993:329 [ref. 23929], Larson 2001:3537 [ref. 26289]). •Synonym of Heteroclinus whiteleggii (Ogilby 1894) -- (Hoese 2006:1535 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Heteroclinus whiteleggii (Ogilby 1894). Clinidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Neoblennius Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:28 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Adelaide, South Australia. Syntypes: (5) MNHN A-1079 (1), A-2105 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:39 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Heteroclinus perspicillatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:761 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1533 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Heteroclinus perspicillatus (Valenciennes 1836). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

ferventer, Gibbonsia metzi Hubbs [Clark L.] 1952:124, Fig. 48 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 2252] Santo Tomas Bay, Baja California. Holotype: CAS-SU 15396. Paratypes: (334) CAS 20493 (1); SBSC 60 (?), 74 (?), 89 (?), 100 (1), 103 (?), 110 (?); CAS-SU 9906 (3), 15306 (2), 15327 (18), 15394-95 (1, 2), 15397-401 (2, 118, 2, 8, 29), 15402-05 (13, 59, 17, 1), 22517 (2), 35137 (1); TNHC 453 (1); UMMZ 86062 (1); ZMA 100215 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:97 [ref. 12291], Nijssen et al. 1982:94 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Gibbonsia metzi Hubbs 1927 -- (Stepien & Rosenblatt 1991:876 [ref. 19864]). Current status: Synonym of Gibbonsia metzi Hubbs 1927. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

filifer, Cristiceps Steindachner [F.] 1864:199 [Archivio per la Zoologia, l'Anatomia e la Fisiologia v. 3; ref. 19819] Philippines. Syntypes: (2) ?NMW. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

flammeus, Cristiceps Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1906:701, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 30 (no. 1462); ref. 10666] Tanegashima, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 9360. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:95 [ref. 12291]. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

flavescens, Sticharium Hutton [F. W.] 1872:33 [Fishes of New Zealand (Hutton); ref. 2287] Cook Strait, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): presumed lost. Type catalog: Russell 1996:231-232 [ref. 22562]. •Valid as Heteroclinus flavescens (Hutton 1872) -- (Hoese 2006:1532 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:707 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). •Valid as Cologrammus flavescens (Hutton 1872) -- (Paulin et al. 1989:221 [ref. 24556], and based on placement of the type species, Stewart & Struthers 2015:1525 [ref. 34300]). Current status: Valid as Cologrammus flavescens (Hutton 1872). Clinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand region and Australia. Habitat: marine.

foncki, Myxodes Quijada B. [B.] 1913:55 [Boletim do Museu Nacional de Chile v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 18581] Not available, no description; from Cabo de Hornos, Chile. Clinidae.

forsteri, Cristiceps Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:132 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:54 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Heteroclinus tristis (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:764 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1534 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:713 [ref. 30657]). Current status: Synonym of Heteroclinus tristis (Klunzinger 1872). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

fucorum, Clinus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:121 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] St. James, False Bay, South Africa. Lectotype: SAM 25235. Paralectotypes: (11) BMNH 1927.12.6.60 [ex SAM] (1), SAM 10524 (3). Lectotype selected by Penrith 1969:86 [ref. 20726]. •Valid as Pavoclinus fucorum (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908) -- (Penrith 1969:85 [ref. 20726]). •Valid as Smithichthys fucorum (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908) -- (Smith 1986:768 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:468 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Smithichthys fucorum (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908). Clinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa. Habitat: marine.

gabrieli, Ophioclinus Waite [E. R.] 1906:208, Pl. 36 (fig. 7) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 6937] Western Port, Victoria, Australia. Lectotype: AMS I.7612. Paralectotypes: AMS I.7611 (2). Lectotype selected by George & Springer 1980:19 [ref. 6935]. Original genus should have been Ophiclinus. •Valid as Ophiclinus gabrieli Waite 1906 -- (George & Springer 1980:18 [ref. 6935], Kuiter 1993:333 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:769 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1536 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:718 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ophiclinus gabrieli Waite 1906. Clinidae. Distribution: Australia: southern New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Ophioclinus Waite [E. R.] 1906:207, Pl. 36 (fig. 6) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 6937] Rock pools at Long Bay, near Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Lectotype: AMS I.7711. Paralectotypes: (many): AMS I.7712, ?WAM. Type catalog: Not treated by Moore et al. 2008 [ref. 30117]. Original genus should have been Ophiclinus. Lectotype selected by George & Springer 1980:22 [ref. 6935]. •Valid as Ophiclinus gracilis Waite 1906 -- (George & Springer 1980:19 [ref. 6935], Kuiter 1993:333 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:770 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:340 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Hoese 2006:1537 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:719 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Ophiclinus gracilis Waite 1906. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: New South Wales to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

graminis, Clinus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:136 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] St. James, False Bay, South Africa. Lectotype: SAM 25240. Paralectotypes: (should be 10) BMNH 1927.12.6.59 [ex SAM] (1), MNHN 1925-0336 [ex SAM] (1), SAM 10523 (6). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:46 [ref. 20734]. Lectotype selected by Penrith 1969:77 [ref. 20726]. •Valid as Pavoclinus graminis (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908) -- (Penrith 1969:74 [ref. 20726], Christensen 1978:7 [ref. 8946], Smith 1986:766 [ref. 5712], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:391 [ref. 28072], Hastings & Springer 2009:7 [ref. 30391], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Pavoclinus graminis (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908). Clinidae. Distribution: Extreme southeastern Atlantic to southwestern Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

greeni, Breona Scott [E. O. G.] 1967:212, Fig. 3 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania v. 101; ref. 3995] Tide pools at Greens Beach, Tamar River, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: QVM 1966:5:0010 [ex QVM type 136]. Paratypes: QVM 1966:5:0011-12 [ex QVM type 137 and 138] (2). Type catalog: Green 1974:5 [ref. 19267]. Holotype not distinguished from paratypes. •Synonym of Sticharium dorsale Günther 1867 -- (George & Springer 1980:28 [ref. 6935], Gomon et al. 1994:775 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1538 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Sticharium dorsale Günther 1867. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

greeni, Ophioclinus Scott [E. O. G.] 1936:114, Fig. 1 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1935; ref. 3993] Lady Lucy Beach, Low Head, northern Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: QVM 1993:5:0003; QVM type 805. Paratypes: (2) Type catalog: Green 1974:5 [ref. 19267]. •Synonym of Ophiclinus gracilis Waite 1906 -- (George & Springer 1980:19 [ref. 6935], Gomon et al. 1994:771 [ref. 22532])., Hoese 2006:1537 [ref. 28998] Current status: Synonym of Ophiclinus gracilis Waite 1906. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

guadalupensis, Heterostichus rostratus Hubbs [Clark L.] 1952:115, Fig. 43 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 2252] Melpomene Cove, Guadalupe Island, Baja California, Mexico, depth 22-26 fathoms. Holotype: CAS-SU 16330. Paratypes: (18) CAS 1922-23 (1, 1); CAS-SU 5893 (1); TNHC 419 (?), 599 (?), 855 (?). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:97 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Heterostichus rostratus Girard 1854 -- (Stepien & Rosenblatt 1991:876 [ref. 19864]). Current status: Synonym of Heterostichus rostratus Girard 1854. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

halei, Cristiceps Day [F.] 1888:799, Fig. [The fishes of India Suppl.; ref. 1082] Colombo, Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. •Questionably a synonym of Springeratus xanthosoma (Bleeker 1857) -- (Fraser 1972:9 [ref. 7420]). Current status: Uncertain as Springeratus xanthosoma (Bleeker 1857). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

helenae, Ophthalmolophus Smith [J. L. B.] 1946:542, Fig. 3 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 12 (no. 92) [1945]; ref. 4072] East London to Bashee River, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: (many) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] (4) Boknes Point, SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 250 (3, now 1) Cape Morgan. •Valid as Clinus helenae (Smith 1946) -- (Penrith 1969:48 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:763 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Clinus helenae (Smith 1946). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

heptaeolus, Petraites Ogilby [J. D.] 1885:225 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 10 (pt 2); ref. 3262] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS B.6699. Non-types: QM I.10054. •Valid as Heteroclinus heptaeolus (Ogilby 1885) -- (Kuiter 1993:327 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:756 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Hoese 2006:1532 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:707 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Heteroclinus heptaeolus (Ogilby 1885). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: New South Wales to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

herminier, Blennius Lesueur [C. A.] 1825:361 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 4 (pt 2); ref. 17521] St. Bartholomew Island, West Indies. No types known. Spelled herminieri by Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:381 [ref. 1005]. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

heterodon, Clinus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:394 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype: MNHN A-1885. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:46 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Clinus heterodon Valenciennes 1836 -- (Penrith 1969:50 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:763 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Clinus heterodon Valenciennes 1836. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

homacanthus, Neogunellus Herzenstein [S. M.] 1896:5 [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 2151] St. Vincent Gulf, South Australia. Lectotype: ZIN 6639. Paralectotypes: (3) ZIN 44076 [ex ZIN 6639] (2). Lectotype selected by George & Springer 1980:16 [ref.6935]. •Synonym of Ophiclinus antarcticus Castelnau 1872 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:768 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1536 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Ophiclinus antarcticus Castelnau 1872. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

howittii, Cristiceps Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:48 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Western Port, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: AMS A.7140 (1), MNHN A-4558 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:53 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Cristiceps australis Valenciennes 1836 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:744 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1531 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Cristiceps australis Valenciennes 1836. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

hutchinsi, Ophiclinops George [A.] & Springer [V. G.] 1980:9, Fig. 2 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 307; ref. 6935] Unnamed island in eastern Lucky Bay, southern Western Australia, 34°01'S, 122°14'E, depth 13 meters. Holotype: WAM P.26004-008. Paratypes: WAM P.26003-016 (1), P.26454-001 (2); USNM 219564 [ex WAM P.26004-008] (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:37 [ref. 19335], Springer & Orrell 1996:11 [ref. 22274], Moore et al. 2008:42 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Ophiclinops hutchinsi George & Springer 1980 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:765 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Hoese 2006:1535 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:715 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ophiclinops hutchinsi George & Springer 1980. Clinidae. Distribution: Australia: southern Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

ignobilis, Blennius Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:98 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.52 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:234 [ref. 13434] but as holotype. •Synonym of Clinus ?superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Wheeler 1958:234 [ref. 13434], Penrith 1969:57 [ref. 20726]). Current status: Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

incertus, Petraites McCulloch [A. R.] 1915:275, Pl. 37 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 40 (pt 2); ref. 2942] Tamar River, Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.6219 (1), I.6234 (1). •Synonym of Heteroclinus tristis (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:764 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1534 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Heteroclinus tristis (Klunzinger 1872). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

johnstoni, Clinus Saville-Kent [W.] 1886:13 [Report Fisheries Tasmania 1886; ref. 18381] Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): TMH old no. D58 (missing). Type catalog: Andrews 1971:2 [ref. 31471], Andrews 1992:112 [ref. 22689]. Also appeared in detail as a new species in Saville-Kent 1886?:117 [ref. 27678]. •Valid as Heteroclinus johnstoni (Saville-Kent 1886) -- (Kuiter 1993:332 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:757 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:336 [ref. 25488], Hoese 2006:1532 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:708 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Heteroclinus johnstoni (Saville-Kent 1886). Clinidae. Distribution: Southern Australia: New South Wales, Tasmania and South Australia. Habitat: marine.

kochi, Xenopoclinus Smith [J. L. B.] 1948:732, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 14 (no. 118) (art. 68); ref. 4075] Lamberts Bay, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic, low tide mark. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 321. •Valid as Xenopoclinus kochi Smith 1948 -- (Penrith 1969:100 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:768 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:468 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Xenopoclinus kochi Smith 1948. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

kuiteri, Heteroclinus Hoese [D. F.] & Rennis [D. S.] 2006:21, Figs. 1-3 [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 63 (no. 1); ref. 28927] Portsea Pier, Port Phillip Bay, Victoria, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.19777-009. Paratypes: AMS I.19775-002 (1), I.19776-005 (3), I.19777-006 (3), I.19921-009 (1), I.24050-001 (2), I.24051-001 (1), I.24218-001 (4); NMV A.498 (1), A.2603-04 (1, 1), A.2606-08 (2, 1, 1), A.3577 (1), A.3579 (1); WAM P.25767-010 (3), P.26599-004 (4); ZMUC uncat. (4). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:42 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Heteroclinus kuiteri Hoese & Rennis 2006 -- (Hoese et al. 2008:708 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Heteroclinus kuiteri Hoese & Rennis 2006. Clinidae. Distribution: Australia: Victoria and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

latipennis, Clinus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:394 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: MNHN A-2010 to 2012 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:46-47 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Clinus latipennis Valenciennes 1836 -- (Penrith 1969:53 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:763 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Clinus latipennis Valenciennes 1836. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

laurentii, Clinus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:120 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] Winkel Spruit, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Lectotype: SAM 25234. Paralectotypes: SAM 9888 (2). Lectotype selected by Penrith 1969:80 [ref. 20726]. •Valid as Pavoclinus laurentii (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908) -- (Penrith 1969:78 [ref. 20726], Christensen 1978:7 [ref. 8946], Smith 1986:767 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Pavoclinus laurentii (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908). Clinidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

leprosus, Xenopoclinus (Xenopoclinops) Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:354, Fig. 3 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 20; ref. 4127] Lamberts Bay, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 318. Paratypes: ?SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 25498 (14), ?25497 (14). •Valid as Xenopoclinus leprosus Smith 1961 -- (Penrith 1969:101 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:769 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:468 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Xenopoclinus leprosus Smith 1961. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

linearis, Labrisomus Swainson [W.] 1839:277 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Based on Cuv. xi.371 -- which is Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:371 [ref. 1005]. Unneeded new name for Clinus brachycephalus Valenciennes 1836. •Objective synonym of Blennioclinus brachycephalus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Penrith 1969:88 [ref. 20726]). Current status: Synonym of Blennioclinus brachycephalus (Valenciennes 1836). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

litorafontis, Pavoclinus Penrith [M.-L.] 1965:212, Pl. 5 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 48 (pt 10); ref. 9240] Strandfontein, South Africa, *Caulerpa* beds in intertidal zone. Holotype: SAM 24052. Paratypes or other material: SAM 23876-77 (2, 2), 23952 (4), 23962 (2), 23972 (1), 24081 (1). •Valid as Pavoclinus litorafontis Penrith 1965 -- (Penrith 1969:80 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:767 [ref. 5712], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:390 [ref. 28072], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Pavoclinus litorafontis Penrith 1965. Clinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: False Bay, South Africa. Habitat: marine.

longior, Cancelloxus Prochazka [K.] & Griffiths [C. L.] 1991:2, Figs. 1-4 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 51; ref. 19345] Off Miller's Point, Cape Peninsula, 34°14'S, 18°28'E, South Africa, depth 6 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 35145. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 35146-47 (1, 1), 35148 (1, stained); SAM 28213 (1), 32291-92 (1, 1), 32431 (1). •Valid as Cancelloxus longior Prochazka & Griffiths 1991 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:465 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Cancelloxus longior Prochazka & Griffiths 1991. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

longus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:28 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:11 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810) -- (Parenti 2019:106 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

lugubris, Myxodes Poey [F.] 1876:173 [131] [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 5 (for 5 Apr. 1876); ref. 3510] Cuba. Holotype: USNM 37539. Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:20 [ref. 22274]. On p. 131 of separate. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

macleayi, Cristiceps Castelnau [F. L.] 1879:385 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 4); ref. 764] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown, ? Macleay Mus. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:54 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Cristiceps australis Valenciennes 1836 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:744 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1531 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Cristiceps australis Valenciennes 1836. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmus, Heteroclinus Hoese [D. F.] 1976:63, Figs. 3b, 5-7 [Australian Zoologist v. 19 (pt 1); ref. 7338] Off Port Lincoln, South Australia, depth 10-18 meters. Holotype: NMV A.495. Paratypes: AMS I.17609-001 (1); QVM 1974:5:131 [ex QVM 209] (1); SAMA F1540 (1), F2589 (1). •Valid as Heteroclinus macrophthalmus Hoese 1976 -- (Kuiter 1993:330 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:758 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Rennis 2006:24 [ref. 28927], Hoese 2006:1533 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:709 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Heteroclinus macrophthalmus Hoese 1976. Clinidae. Distribution: Australia: Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Clinus Klunzinger [C. B.] 1872:33 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 38 (pt. 1); ref. 2623] Queen's Cliff, 38°16'S, 144°40'E, Port Phillip, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: SMNS 1798 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1992:8 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:27 [ref. 29864]. Objectively invalid [primary homonym], preoccupied by Clinus marmoratus Castelnau 1861 and name should not be used or the ICZN should be petitioned. •Treated as valid as Heteroclinus marmoratus (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Kuiter 1993:332 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:759 [ref. 22532]). •Synonym of Heteroclinus flavescens (Hutton 1872) -- (Hoese 2006:1532 [ref. 28998]). •Synonym of Cologrammus flavescens (Hutton 1872). Current status: Synonym of Cologrammus flavescens (Hutton 1872). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Clinus Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:52 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Table Bay, South Africa. Syntypes: MNHN A-2143 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:47 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Penrith 1969:57 [ref. 20726]). Current status: Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

mentalis, Cristiceps Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:139 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] East London, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM 9889. •Valid as Pavoclinus mentalis (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908) -- (Penrith 1969:74 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:767 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:468 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Pavoclinus mentalis (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908). Clinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

metzi, Gibbonsia Hubbs [C. L.] 1927:360 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 7 (1926); ref. 2236] Pacific Grove, Monterey County, California, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 55004. Paratypes: FMNH 42042-45 (3, 2, 1, 2); MCZ 36080 [ex USNM 63899] (5); UMMZ (many lots); USNM 6648 (1), 6800 (1), 26762 (2), 27037 (5), 31197 (2), 34784 (11), 74101 (1), 104408 [ex UMMZ 63896] (1), 117539 [ex UMMZ 64314] (10), 299833 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:39 [ref. 12367], Springer & Orrell 1996:11-12 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Gibbonsia metzi Hubbs 1927 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:243 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:173 [ref. 14674], Stepien & Rosenblatt 1991:892 [ref. 19864], Nelson et al. 2004:164 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:296 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:89 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Gibbonsia metzi Hubbs 1927. Clinidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

microchirus, Neogunellus Herzenstein [S. M.] 1896:7 [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 2151] St. Vincent Gulf, South Australia. Syntypes: ZIN 6640 (3). •Synonym of Peronedys anguillaris Steindachner 1883 -- (George & Springer 1980:25 [ref. 6935], Gomon et al. 1994:773 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1537 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Peronedys anguillaris Steindachner 1883. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

montereyensis, Gibbonsia elegans Hubbs [C. L.] 1927:354 [Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science Arts and Letters v. 7 (1926); ref. 2236] Pacific Grove, Monterey County, California, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 55003. Paratypes: FMNH 42046-47 (3, 5); UMMZ (many); USNM 82150 (1), 104414 (2), 117538 [ex UMMZ 63913] (10). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:39 [ref. 12367], Springer & Orrell 1996:11 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Gibbonsia montereyensis Hubbs 1927 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:243 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:173 [ref. 14674], Stepien & Rosenblatt 1991:892 [ref. 19864], Nelson et al. 2004:165 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:296 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:89 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Gibbonsia montereyensis Hubbs 1927. Clinidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

multifenestratus, Cristiceps Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:131 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Melbourne markets, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN A-2132 (1), A-5622 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:53-54 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Heteroclinus tristis (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:764 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1534 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Heteroclinus tristis (Klunzinger 1872). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

mus, Clinus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:119 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] False Bay, South Africa. Lectotype: SAM 25233. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1910.5.16.1 [ex SAM] (1), MNHN 1925-0339 [ex SAM] (1), SAM 10531 (orig. 8, now 6). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:47-48 [ref. 20734]. Lectotype selected by Penrith 1969:72 [ref. 20726]. •Valid as Pavoclinus mus (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908) -- (Penrith 1969:72 [ref. 20726]). •Valid as Fucomimus mus (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908) -- (Smith 1986:765 [ref. 5712], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:390 [ref. 28072], Moser 2007:423 [ref. 29581], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Fucomimus mus (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic to southwestern Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

musaicus, Clinus Holleman [W.], von der Heyden [S.] & Zsilavecz [G.] 2012:835, Fig. 1, 3A-F [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 166; ref. 32284] Windmill, near Simonstown, South Africa, 34°12.025'S, 18°27.390'E, depth 9 meters. Holotype: SAIAB 96616. Paratypes: SAIAB 96613 (1), 96614 (1), 96615 (1); SAM MB-F037962 (1). •Valid as Clinus musaicus Holleman, von der Heyden & Zsilavecz 2012. Current status: Valid as Clinus musaicus Holleman, von der Heyden & Zsilavecz 2012. Clinidae. Distribution: West Cape, South Africa. Habitat: marine.

mustela, Blennius Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:459, 485 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Locality uncertain. Syntypes: NRM 35 (1), ?135 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:18 [ref. 20734]. Unnecessary replacement name for Blennius mustelaris Linnaeus 1758. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:121 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Penrith 1969:57 [ref. 20726], Holleman et al. 2012:840 [ref. 32284]). Current status: Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

mustelaris, Blennius Linnaeus [C.] 1758:257 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Locality uncertain. Syntypes: NRM 35 (1), ?135 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:263-265, Fig. 3 [ref. 20707] with NHRM 35a as putative lectotype. •Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Penrith 1969:57 [ref. 20726], Holleman et al. 2012:840 [ref. 32284]). Current status: Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

mustellaris, Blennius Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:98 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. No types known. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

mutabilis, Clinus Cocco [A.] 1833:14, Pl. (fig. 2) [Giornale di Scienze Lettere e Arti per La Sicilia v. 42 (no. 124); ref. 859] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810) -- (Wheeler 1973:530 [ref. 7190]). Current status: Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

myae, Pavoclinus Christensen [M. S.] 1978:3, Fig. 2 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 18; ref. 8946] Inner aspect of reef, about 1 kilometer south of Gonubie River mouth, eastern Cape, 32°56'35"S, 28°02'4"E, South Africa, depth 0-3 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 924 [ex RUSI 77-9]. Paratypes: BMNH 1977.5.31.42 [ex RUSI 779] (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 923 (1), 925 (3); USNM 217462 (1). Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:12 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Pavoclinus myae Christensen 1978 -- (Smith 1986:767 [ref. 5712], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:390 [ref. 28072], Patzner et al. 2009:468 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Pavoclinus myae Christensen 1978. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa. Habitat: marine.

mycterizans, Blennius Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:97 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.49-51 (3). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:234 [ref. 13434]. •Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Wheeler 1958:234 [ref. 13434], Penrith 1969:57 [ref. 20726], Holleman et al. 2012:840 [ref. 32284]). Current status: Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

nasutus, Cristiceps Günther [A.] 1861:273 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1859.6.3.21. •Valid as Heteroclinus nasutus (Günther 1861) -- (Kuiter 1993:328 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:760 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1533 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:709 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626] as cf. nasutus). Current status: Valid as Heteroclinus nasutus (Günther 1861). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: New South Wales and Victoria. Habitat: marine.

navalis, Climacoporus Barnard [K. H.] 1935:646, Fig. 1 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 30 (pt 5, no. 20); ref. 196] Simonstown, False Bay, South Africa. Holotype: SAM 18287. •Valid as Clinus navalis (Barnard 1935) -- (Penrith 1969:30 [ref. 20726]). •Valid as Climacoporus navalis Barnard 1935 -- (Smith 1986:761 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:465 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Climacoporus navalis Barnard 1935. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

nematopterus, Clinus Günther [A.] 1861:270 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Sea of China [probably erroneous]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1848.3.16.15. •Valid as Clinus nematopterus Günther 1861 -- (Smith 1986:764 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Clinus nematopterus Günther 1861. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

ningulus, Ophiclinus George [A.] & Springer [V. G.] 1980:22, Fig. 10 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 307; ref. 6935] Lucky Bay, Western Australia, 34°00'S, 122°14'E, depth 10 meters. Holotype: WAM P.26009-015. Paratypes: AMS I.20229-029 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:38 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:42 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Ophiclinus ningulus George & Springer 1980 -- (Kuiter 1993:333 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:771 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:338 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Hoese 2006:1537 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:719 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ophiclinus ningulus George & Springer 1980. Clinidae. Distribution: Southern Australia: Victoria and Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

norae, Gibbonsia Hubbs [Clark L.] 1952:126, Fig. 49 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 2252] Tide pool on Guadalupe Island, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 16249. Paratypes: (274) FMNH 51443 (9); CAS-SU 16250 (55), 16253-54 (12, 42), 46510 [ex NYZS 27005] (1); TNHC 416 (?), 431 (?); USNM 152000 (16). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:97 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:39 [ref. 12367], Springer & Orrell 1996:12 [ref. 22274]. •Synonym of Gibbonsia montereyensis Hubbs 1927 -- (Stepien & Rosenblatt 1991:876 [ref. 19864]). Current status: Synonym of Gibbonsia montereyensis Hubbs 1927. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

obtusifrons, Clinus Penrith [M.-L.] 1967:46, Figs. 2 a-b [Annals of the South African Museum v. 50 (pt 4); ref. 7908] Hondeklip Bay, South West Africa, mid-tidal level. Holotype: SAM 24671. Paratypes: SAM 24670 (3). Other material: SAM 23923 (5), 24201 (1), 24211 (2), 24216 (11), 24253-54 (3, 12). •Synonym of Clinus heterodon Valenciennes 1836 -- (Penrith 1969:50 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:763 [ref. 5712]). Current status: Synonym of Clinus heterodon Valenciennes 1836. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

ocellatus, Myxodes Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:400, Pl. 335 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Valparaíso, Chile. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1705. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:55-56 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Myxodes viridis Valenciennes 1836 -- (Stephens & Springer 1974:7 [ref. 7149]). Current status: Synonym of Myxodes viridis Valenciennes 1836. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

ocellifer, Clinus Mocquard [F.] 1888:44 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (8th Série) v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 3032] California, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8908 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:48 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Gibbonsia elegans (Cooper 1864). Current status: Synonym of Gibbonsia evides (Jordan & Gilbert 1883). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

ornatus, Clinus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:116 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] False Bay and near Roman Rocks, South Africa. Syntypes: (9) BMNH 1927.12.6.61 [ex SAM] (1); MNHN 1925-0338 [ex SAM] (1), SAM 9874-75 (1, 7). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:48 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Penrith 1969:57 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:765 [ref. 5712]). •Valid as Clinus ornatus Gilchrist & Thompson 1908 -- (Holleman et al. 2012:837 [ref. 32284]). Current status: Valid as Clinus ornatus Gilchrist & Thompson 1908. Clinidae. Distribution: False Bay, South Africa. Habitat: marine.

ornatus, Myxodes Stephens [J. S., Jr.] & Springer [V. G.] 1974:4, Fig. 2 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 159; ref. 7149] La Ventana, Chile. Holotype: SIO 65-678. Paratypes: SIO 65-678 (3). •Valid as Myxodes ornatus Stephens & Springer 1974 -- (Pequeño 1989:66 [ref. 14125], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Myxodes ornatus Stephens & Springer 1974. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Chile. Habitat: marine.

pallidus, Cristiceps Macleay [W.] 1881:26 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 6 (pt 1); ref. 4931] King George Sound, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): MAMU (whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Cristiceps australis Valenciennes 1836 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:744 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1531 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Cristiceps australis Valenciennes 1836. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

pantherinus, Clinus Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:52 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Table Bay, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:51 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Penrith 1969:57 [ref. 20726], Holleman et al. 2012:840 [ref. 32284]). Current status: Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

pardalis, Ophiclinus McCulloch [A. R.] & Waite [E. R.] 1918:58, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Records of the South Australian Museum (Adelaide) v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 2950] Streaky Bay, Great Australian Bight, South Australia. Holotype (unique): SAMA F600. Type catalog: Glover 1976:174 [ref. 19449]. •Valid as Ophiclinops pardalis (McCulloch & Waite 1918) -- (George & Springer 1980:11 [ref. 6935], Gomon et al. 1994:766 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:338 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Hoese 2006:1535 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:716 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ophiclinops pardalis (McCulloch & Waite 1918). Clinidae. Distribution: Australia: South Australia. Habitat: marine.

pataecoides, Cristiceps Whitley [G. P.] 1959:319 [Australian Zoologist v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 4729] About 5 miles off from mouth of Clarence River, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.4014. •Synonym of Cristiceps argyropleura Kner 1865 -- (Hoese 2006:1530 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Cristiceps argyropleura Kner 1865. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

pavo, Clinus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:123 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] St. James/Kalk Bay area, False Bay, South Africa. Lectotype: SAM 25236. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1910.5.16.2 (from Gilchrist) (1), SAM 10532 (1). Lectotype selected by Penrith 1969:82 [ref. 20726]. •Valid as Pavoclinus pavo (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908) -- (Penrith 1969:82 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:768 [ref. 5712], Zsilavecz 2001:5 [ref. 26627], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:391 [ref. 28072], Patzner et al. 2009:468 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Pavoclinus pavo (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic to southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa. Habitat: marine.

pectoralis, Ophiclinus George [A.] & Springer [V. G.] 1980:23, Figs. 11-12 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 307; ref. 6935] Bay on northeastern side of Sandy Hook Island, Recherche Archipelago, Western Australia, 34°01'S, 122°00'E, depth 13 meters. Holotype: WAM P.25770-006. Paratypes: AMS I.20222-013 (1); USNM 219565 [ex WAM P.25770-006] (2); WAM P.25758-015 (1), P.26008-008 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:38 [ref. 19335], Springer & Orrell 1996:12 [ref. 22274], Moore et al. 2008:42 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Ophiclinus pectoralis George & Springer 1980 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:772 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Hoese 2006:1537 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:720 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Ophiclinus pectoralis George & Springer 1980. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

pedicillatus, Cristiceps Ogilby [J. D.] 1889:63, footnote [Memoirs of the Australian Museum, Sydney No. 2 (art. no. 3); ref. 18489] Lord Howe Island. Holotype: AMS I.1773. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

perspicillatus, Clinus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:372 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Western Port, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN A-2075 (5), A-2076 (5). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:49 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Heteroclinus perspicillatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Kuiter 1993:329 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:760 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:336 [ref. 25488], Hoese et al. 2008:710 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Heteroclinus perspicillatus (Valenciennes 1836). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia: Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Habitat: marine.

phillipi, Cristiceps Lucas [A. H. S.] 1891:11, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria (n. s.) v. 3; ref. 14501] Port Phillip Heads, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: (3) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Heteroclinus adelaidae Castelnau 1872 -- (Hoese 1976:54 [ref. 7338], Gomon et al. 1994:754 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1531 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Heteroclinus adelaidae Castelnau 1872. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

pictus, Cristiceps Macleay [W.] 1881:25 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 6 (pt 1); ref. 4931] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16405-001 [ex MAMU F1029]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Cristiceps aurantiacus Castelnau 1879 -- (Hoese 2006:1530 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Cristiceps aurantiacus Castelnau 1879. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

polyporatus, Springeratus Fraser [T. H.] 1972:4, Figs. 1-2 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 9; ref. 7420] Rock tide pool, 1.7 miles west of Riambel at a rocky prominence, Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 0-2 feet. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 664. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 2070 (3), 2181 (3), 2428 (2, c&s), 3378 (15); USNM 206173 [ex RUSI 74-311] (2). Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:12 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Springeratus polyporatus Fraser 1972 -- (Fricke 1999:469 [ref. 24106], Patzner et al. 2009:468 [ref. 30396], Fricke et al. 2009:93 [ref. 30213], Arndt & Fricke 2019:14 [ref. 36883]). Current status: Valid as Springeratus polyporatus Fraser 1972. Clinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Réunion and Mauritius (western Mascarenes endemic). Habitat: marine.

profundus, Pavoclinus Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:689, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 3 (no. 35) (for 1960); ref. 9381] Knysna, 34°08'S, 23°09'E, Cape Province, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 20 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 327. •Valid as Pavoclinus profundus Smith 1961 -- (Penrith 1969:83 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:768 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:468 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Pavoclinus profundus Smith 1961. Clinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa. Habitat: marine.

puellarum, Clinus Scott [E. O. G.] 1955:139, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania v. 89; ref. 12472] Rock pool at East Beach, Low Head, northern Tasmania. Holotype: QVM 1954:5:0001 (missing in 1974, 1997 and 2003). Paratypes: ?AMS (1, not found at AMS). Type catalog: Green 1974:5 [ref. 19267]. •Possible synonym of Heteroclinus marmoratus (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Kuiter 1993:332 [ref. 23929]). •Valid as Heteroclinus puellarum (Scott 1955) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:761 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1534 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:711 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Heteroclinus puellarum (Scott 1955). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia: Tasmania to South Australia. Habitat: marine.

punctulatus, Blennius Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:460, 506, Pl. 12 (fig. 3) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] No locality. Holotype (unique): No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:16 [ref. 20734]. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:86, 152 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Penrith 1969:57 [ref. 20726], Holleman et al. 2012:840 [ref. 32284]). Current status: Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

robustus, Clinus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:128 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] Kalk Bay, False Bay, South Africa. Lectotype: SAM 10539. Paralectotypes: (should be 8) BMNH 1927.12.6.62 [ex SAM] (1), MNHN 1925-0334 [ex SAM] (1), SAM 10537 + 10538 (4). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:50 [ref. 20734]. Lectotype selected by Penrith 1969:56 [ref. 20726]. •Valid as Clinus robustus Gilchrist & Thompson 1908 -- (Penrith 1969:55 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:764 [ref. 5712], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:390 [ref. 28072], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Clinus robustus Gilchrist & Thompson 1908. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic to southwestern Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

robustus, Cristiceps Günther [A.] 1867:62 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 20 (no. 115); ref. 1988] Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.7.22.67-69 (3). •Synonym of Heteroclinus perspicillatus (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:761 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1533 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Heteroclinus perspicillatus (Valenciennes 1836). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

roseus, Cristiceps Günther [A.] 1861:274 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Australia and New Guinea. Syntypes: (4) BMNH 1858.12.27.62 (1, dry) Freycint's Harbour. •Valid as Petraites roseus (Günther 1861) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:294 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1087 [ref. 25182]). •Valid as Heteroclinus roseus (Günther 1861) -- (Kuiter 1993:331 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Gomon et al. 1994:762 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Hoese 2006:1534 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:712 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Heteroclinus roseus (Günther 1861). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Australia, Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island. Habitat: marine.

rostratus, Heterostichus Girard [C. F.] 1854:143 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 5769] San Diego, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 284. Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:12 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Heterostichus rostratus Girard 1854 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:243 [ref. 9277], Stepien 1987:45 [ref. 11528], Matarese et al. 1989:536 [ref. 26885], Stepien & Rosenblatt 1991:892 [ref. 19864], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:1014 [ref. 22829], Thomson et al. 2000:208 [ref. 25640] in Heterostichous, Nelson et al. 2004:165 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:296 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:89 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Heterostichus rostratus Girard 1854. Clinidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

rotundifrons, Clinus Barnard [K. H.] 1937:63, Fig. 4 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 32 (pt 2, no. 6); ref. 197] Oudekraal, south of Camps Bay, west side of Cape Peninsula, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM 18587. •Valid as Gymnoclinus rotundifrons (Barnard 1937) -- (Penrith 1969:94 [ref. 20726]). •Valid as Clinus rotundifrons Barnard 1937 -- (Smith 1986:764 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Clinus rotundifrons Barnard 1937. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

rubescens, Blennius Lichtenstein [M. H. C.] 1823:117 [Verzeichniss der Doubletten des zoologischen Museums der Königl. Universität zu Berlin, nebst Beschreibung...; ref. 17525] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. No types known. Not in use, regarded as a forgotten name. •In the synonymy of Clinus anguillaris Valenciennes 1836 -- (Penrith 1969:22 [ref. 20726]). •In the synonymy of Blennophis anguillaris (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Smith 1986:759 [ref. 5712]). Current status: Synonym of Blennophis anguillaris (Valenciennes 1836). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

rubrior, Gibbonsia elegans Hubbs [Clark L.] 1952:152, Fig. 64 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 2252] Melpomene Cove, Guadalupe Island, Mexico, depth 22-26 fathoms. Holotype: CAS-SU 16272. Paratypes: CAS-SU 16273 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:96 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Gibbonsia elegans (Cooper 1864) -- (Stepien & Rosenblatt 1991:876 [ref. 19864]). Current status: Synonym of Gibbonsia elegans (Cooper 1864). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

rubrum, Sticharium Hutton [F. W.] 1872:33 [Fishes of New Zealand (Hutton); ref. 2287] Wellington harbor, New Zealand. Possible syntypes: BMNH 1873.12.13.90-91 [ex Colonial Mus.] (2), 1872.4.26.20 (4), NMNZ P.62 (3). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:14 [ref. 18942], Russell 1996:232 [ref. 22562]. •Valid as Ericentrus rubrus (Hutton 1872) -- (Paulin et al. 1989:221 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:98 [ref. 24625], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396], Stewart & Struthers 2015:1527 [ref. 34300]). Current status: Valid as Ericentrus rubrus (Hutton 1872). Clinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

santanensis, Ribeiroclinus Pinto [S. Y.] 1965:15, Figs. 1-3 [Atas da Sociedade de biologia do Rio de Janeiro v. 9 (no. 2); ref. 3480] Vicinity of Santana Island, coast of Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, about 22°30'S, 41°45'W. Holotype (unique): MNRJ 9777. •Synonym of Ribeiroclinus eigenmanni (Jordan 1888) -- (Springer 1970:434 [ref. 21759]). Current status: Synonym of Ribeiroclinus eigenmanni (Jordan 1888). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

schmitti, Myxodes Hubbs [Clark L.] 1952:109, Figs. 36-38 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 2252] Viejas Island, Independencia Bay, Peru [not Indefatigable [Santa Cruz] Island, Galápagos Islands]. Holotype (unique): USNM 102008. Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:12 [ref. 22274]. Locality corrected by Springer 1970:433 [ref. 21759]. •Synonym of Myxodes viridis Valenciennes 1836 -- (Stephens & Springer 1974:7 [ref. 7149]). Current status: Synonym of Myxodes viridis Valenciennes 1836. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

sellularius, Petraites Whitley [G. P.] 1931:323 [Australian Zoologist v. 6 (pt 4); ref. 4672] Balmoral Beach, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.5005. Paratypes: not researched. Based in part on Petraites roseus of McCulloch 1908:40, Pl. 10 (fig. 4). •Synonym of Heteroclinus roseus (Günther 1861) -- (Hoese 2006:1534 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Heteroclinus roseus (Günther 1861). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

smalei, Pavoclinus Heemstra [P. C.] & Wright [J. E.] 1986:6, Figs. 5-7; Pl. 1 (lower) [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 40; ref. 5997] Off Storms River mouth, southeastern Cape Province, 34°01.6'S, 23°55.4'E, South Africa, depth 18-22 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 13439. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 25495 (2). •Valid as Pavoclinus smalei Heemstra & Wright 1986 -- (Smith 1986:766 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:468 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Pavoclinus smalei Heemstra & Wright 1986. Clinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa. Habitat: marine.

spadiceus, Blennius Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:172 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality. •Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Penrith 1969:57 [ref. 20726], Holleman et al. 2012:840 [ref. 32284]). Current status: Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

spatulatus, Clinus Bennett [B. A.] 1983:2, Figs. 1-2 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 29; ref. 5299] Botrivierulei, southwestern Cape Province, South Africa, 34°21'S, 18°07'E. Holotype: SAM 29449. Paratypes: AMS I.23903-001 (6); BPBM 28955 (6); NMV A3177 (5); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 18239 (14, not 13); SAM 29450 (1), 29451 (10); USNM 259352 (5). Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:12 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Clinus spatulatus Bennett 1983 -- (Smith 1986:764 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396], Holleman et al. 2012:839 [ref. 32284]). Current status: Valid as Clinus spatulatus Bennett 1983. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

sperdottus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:30 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:10 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810) -- (Parenti 2019:107 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

splendens, Cristiceps Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:244 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] St. Vincent Gulf, South Australia. Possible types: MNHN A-1093 and A-1094 (6). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:54 [ref. 20734]. Genus originally as Christiceps. Also in Castelnau 1873:66 [ref. 758]. •Synonym of Cristiceps australis Valenciennes 1836 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:744 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1531 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Cristiceps australis Valenciennes 1836. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

stella, Blennioclinus Smith [J. L. B.] 1946:543, Fig. 4 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 12 (no. 92) [1945]; ref. 4072] Great Kei River to Umtata River, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 241 (1). •Valid as Blennioclinus stella Smith 1946 -- (Smith 1986:759 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:465 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Blennioclinus stella Smith 1946. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic to western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Clinus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:134 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] Selbourne Dock, Simons Bay, South Africa. Lectotype: SAM 25239. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1927.12.6.6 [ex SAM] (1), SAM 10527 (2). Lectotype selected by Penrith 1969:24 [ref. 20726]. •Valid as Clinus striatus Gilchrist & Thompson 1908 -- (Penrith 1969:24 [ref. 20726]). •Valid as Blennophis striatus (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908) -- (Smith 1986:759 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:465 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Blennophis striatus (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

sulcatus, Neogunellus Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:27 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Adelaide, South Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.14216 (1), MNHN A-1677 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:39-40 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Ophiclinus antarcticus Castelnau 1872 -- (George & Springer 1980:13 [ref. 6935], Gomon et al. 1994:768 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1536 [ref. 28988]). Current status: Synonym of Ophiclinus antarcticus Castelnau 1872. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

superciliosus, Blennius Linnaeus [C.] 1758:257 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] India. Syntypes: ZMUU Linn. Coll. 53 (1). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:234 [ref. 13434], Wheeler 1991:181-182, Fig. 20 [ref. 20102]. •Valid as Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Penrith 1969:57 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:765 [ref. 5712], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:389 [ref. 28072], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396], Holleman et al. 2012:840 [ref. 32284]). Current status: Valid as Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and southwestern Indian Ocean. southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

superciliosus, Clinetrachus Swainson [W.] 1839:276 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Based on Bloch. pl. 168 -- which is Bloch 1785:Pl. 168 [ref. 465]. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

taurus, Clinus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:126 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] St. James, False Bay, South Africa. Lectotype: SAM 25237 [ex SAM 10451]. Paralectotypes: (orig. about 30 types) BMNH 1927.12.6.55-57 [ex SAM] (3), MNHN 1925-0335 [ex SAM] (1), SAM 10450-54 (13). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:50 [ref. 20734]. Lectotype selected by Penrith 1969:63 [ref. 20726]. •Valid as Clinus taurus Gilchrist & Thompson 1908 -- (Penrith 1969:62 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:765 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Clinus taurus Gilchrist & Thompson 1908. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

testudinarius, Blennius Risso [A.] 1810:137 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:19-20 [ref. 20734]. Also in Risso 1827:239 [ref. 3757]. •Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810) -- (Wheeler 1973:530 [ref. 7190] with testudinarius dating to Risso 1826). Current status: Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

tristis, Cristiceps Klunzinger [C. B.] 1872:31 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 38 (pt. 1); ref. 2623] Murray River, South Australia, Australia. Holotype (unique): SMNS 1689. Type catalog: Fricke 1992:9 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:28 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Heteroclinus tristis (Klunzinger 1872) -- (Kuiter 1993:332 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:763 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:336 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Hoese 2006:1534 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:713 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Heteroclinus tristis (Klunzinger 1872). Clinidae. Distribution: Australia: New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Habitat: marine.

variabilis, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] (ex Cupani) 1810:29, Pl. 4 (fig. 4) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on the "Terlis subfurca argenté punctata vulgo Spirdu" of Cupani 1713:Pl. 30 [= Pl. 560] [ref. 37141]. •Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810) -- (Wheeler 1973:530 [ref. 7190], Golani 2005:52 [ref. 37112], Parenti 2019:107 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

varius, Blennius Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:187 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. No types known. •Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

varius, Ophiclinus McCulloch [A. R.] & Waite [E. R.] 1918:57, Fig. 30 [Records of the South Australian Museum (Adelaide) v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 2950] Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Holotype: SAMA F.503. Paratypes: AMS I.14616 (2), SAMA F.503 (1, in jar with holotype). Type catalog: Glover 1976:174 [ref. 19449]. •Valid as Ophiclinops varius (McCulloch & Waite 1918) -- (George & Springer 1980:11 [ref. 6935], Kuiter 1993:334 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:767 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Hoese 2006:1535 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:716 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Ophiclinops varius (McCulloch & Waite 1918). Clinidae. Distribution: Southern Australia: Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

velifera, Gibbonsia elegans Hubbs [Clark L.] 1952:149, Fig. 62 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 2252] East side of South Coronado Island, Baja California Norte, Mexico, depth 10 fathoms. Holotype: CAS-SU 16258. Paratypes: (403) CAS 20480-83 (24, 8, 31, 16); FMNH 51435 (17); NYZS 28817 (?); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 820 [ex RUC 237] (8); CAS-SU 16259 (26), 16265 (3), 16267-70 (7, 6, 2, 3); TNHC 407 (?), 445 (?); USNM 152001 (38). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:96 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:39 [ref. 12367], Springer & Orrell 1996:11 [ref. 22274]. •Synonym of Gibbonsia elegans (Cooper 1864). Current status: Synonym of Gibbonsia elegans (Cooper 1864). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

venusta, Ophioclinus Griffin [L. T.] 1927:149, Pl. 17 (Fig. 9) [Transactions of the New Zealand Institute v. 58; ref. 15788] Bay of Islands, New Zealand, in rock pools. Holotype: AIM. Paratypes: AIM (1). •Synonym of Ericentrus rubrus (Hutton 1872). Current status: Synonym of Ericentrus rubrus (Hutton 1872). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

venustris, Clinus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:130 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 5840] Fish Hoek, False Bay, South Africa. Lectotype: SAM 25238. Paralectotypes: (should be 14) BMNH 1927.12.6.65-66 [ex SAM] (2), MNHN 1925-0337 [ex SAM] (1), SAM 10543 (9). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:50 [ref. 20734]. Lectotype selected by Penrith 1969:65 [ref. 20726]. •Valid as Clinus venustris Gilchrist & Thompson 1908 -- (Penrith 1969:64 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:765 [ref. 5712], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Clinus venustris Gilchrist & Thompson 1908. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

veranyi, Clinus De Filippi [F.] 1853:164 [2] [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 2) v. 5; ref. 17378] Gulf of Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. On p. 2 of separate. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

versicolor, Blennius Pappe [C. W. L.] 1853:27 [Synopsis of the edible fishes at the Cape of Good Hope; ref. 18517] Robben Island, South Africa. No types known. •Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Penrith 1969:57 [ref. 20726], Holleman et al. 2012:840 [ref. 32284]). Current status: Synonym of Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus 1758). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

violaceus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:10 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Unneeded new name for Blennius fasciatus Rafinesque 1810. •Synonym of Clinitrachus argenteus (Risso 1810) -- (Parenti 2019:108 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Clinitrachus argenteus (Risso 1810). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

virescens, Clinus Risso [A.] 1827:239 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: MNHN B-0872 (dry). Type catalog: Bertin 1945:378 [ref. 21554], Bauchot 1967:50-51 [ref. 20734]. •Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Current status: Synonym of Clinitrachus argentatus (Risso 1810). Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

viridis, Clinus Risso [A.] 1827:480, Pl. 16 (fig. 50) [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Name accompanying plate; perhaps corresponds to one of the species on pp. 238-239. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

viridis, Myxodes Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:398 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Coast of Chile. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-4139. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:56 [ref. 20734]. •Valid as Myxodes viridis Valenciennes 1836 -- (Stephens & Springer 1974:7 [ref. 7149], Pequeño 1987:363 [ref. 12874], Pequeño 1989:66 [ref. 14125], Stepien 1990:600 [ref. 19879], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:254 [ref. 24555], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Myxodes viridis Valenciennes 1836. Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Gibbonsia montereyensis Hubbs [Clark L.] 1952:133, Fig. 53 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 2252] Cove northwest of Bodega Head, Sonoma County, California, U.S.A. Holotype: CAS-SU 40333. Paratypes: (101) CAS 11927 (1), 19132 (7); CAS-SU 24648 (9), 32231 (1), 40285 (1); UMMZ 63912-13 (67 total), 63919 (?), 64333 (4); 64338 (?); USNM 82150 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:97 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Gibbonsia montereyensis Hubbs 1927. Current status: Synonym of Gibbonsia montereyensis Hubbs 1927. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

webbianus, Blennophis Valenciennes [A.] 1843:61, Pl. 20 (fig. 1) [Ichthyologie des îles Canaries v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 4502] Canary Islands. Syntypes: MNHN A-2181 (4). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:20 [ref. 20734]. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.

whiteleggii, Clinus Ogilby [J. D.] 1894:371 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 3267] Jervis Bay, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.3175. •Valid as Heteroclinus whiteleggii (Ogilby 1894) -- (Kuiter 1993:329 [ref. 23929] as whiteleggi, Hoese 2006:1535 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:709 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Heteroclinus whiteleggii (Ogilby 1894). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

wilsoni, Cristiceps Lucas [A. H. S.] 1891:10, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria (n. s.) v. 3; ref. 14501] Near Port Phillip Heads, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Heteroclinus wilsoni (Lucas 1891) -- (Kuiter 1993:328 [ref. 23929], Hoese 2006:1535 [ref. 28998], Hoese et al. 2008:714 [ref. 30657], Patzner et al. 2009:467 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Heteroclinus wilsoni (Lucas 1891). Clinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia: Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Habitat: marine.

woodi, Petraites Smith [J. L. B.] 1946:540, Fig. 2 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 12 (no. 92) [1945]; ref. 4072] Bashee River to Umtata River, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 56 (1), 267 (1). •Valid as Clinus woodi (Smith 1946) -- (Penrith 1969:66 [ref. 20726], Smith 1986:765 [ref. 5712], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:390 [ref. 28072], Patzner et al. 2009:466 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Clinus woodi (Smith 1946). Clinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

xanthosoma, Clinus Bleeker [P.] 1857:340 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 16868] Karangbollong [Karang-Bollong Bay, on northeastern tip of Nusa Kambangan Island, 4.5 Kilometers southeast to Cilacap, Jawa Tengah Province, Java, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean, ca. 7°45'34''S, 109°02'32''E]. Syntypes: RMNH 4798 (3). •Valid as Springeratus xanthosoma (Bleeker 1857) -- (Fraser 1972:9 [ref. 7420], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:294 [ref. 6441], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:632 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1087 [ref. 25182] as Springereratus xanthosema, Larson 2001:3537 [ref. 26289], Nakabo 2002:1087 [ref. 26193] as xanthosema, Allen & Adrim 2003:53 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Patzner et al. 2009:468 [ref. 30396], ). Current status: Valid as Springeratus xanthosoma (Bleeker 1857). Clinidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines and Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

zietzi, Eucentronotus Ogilby [J. D.] 1898:294 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 23 (pt 3); ref. 3276] St. Vincent Gulf, South Australia. Syntypes: QM I.786 (2), SAMA F1491 (1). Type catalog: Glover 1976:174 [ref. 19449]. •Synonym of Peronedys anguillaris Steindachner 1883 -- (George & Springer 1980:25 [ref. 6935], Gomon et al. 1994:773 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1538 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Peronedys anguillaris Steindachner 1883. Clinidae. Habitat: marine.