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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Cyprinidae: [ 3100 ] records


abbreviatus, Cyprinus Richardson [J.] 1846:292 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. No types known. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:209, Pl. 12c [ref. 11606]). •Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 2013:85 [ref. 32989]). •Not treated by Zhang et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34477] Current status: Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

abhoyai, Garra Hora [S. L.] 1921:664, Pl. 26 (figs. 1, 1a-b) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 22 (pt 5, no. 29); ref. 15314] Manipur, Assam and the neighbourhood of Ukhral, Naga Hills, India, elevation 6000 feet. Holotype: ZSI F5307/1. Paratypes: ZSI F5308/1 (1), F5309/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:111 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:357 [ref. 27706] as abhayai. •Synonym of Garra rupecula (McClelland 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:432 [ref. 20764], Vishwanath 1993:61 [ref. 22063], Menon 1999:151 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Garra abhoyai Hora 1921 -- (Vishwanath & Linthoingambi 2008:101 [ref. 30107], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:2 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747] as abhoyi, Roni et al. 2017:372 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749], Deng et al. 2018:104 [ref. 36132], Moyon & Arunkumar 2018:112 [ref. 36388], Arunkumar & Moyon 2019:289 [ref. 36801]). Current status: Valid as Garra abhoyai Hora 1921. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

ablabes, Puntius (Barbodes) Bleeker [P.] 1863:114, Pl. 23 (fig. 1) [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 2) v. 18 (1862); ref. 395] Dabo Crom, Guinea. Syntypes: RMNH 2466 (2). Misspelled ablades by Pellegrin 1921:635 [ref. 30437]. •Valid as Barbus ablabes (Bleeker 1863) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:219 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque 1989:176 [ref. 12829], Lévêque et al. 1989:116 [ref. 26480], Paugy & Bénech 1989:301 [ref. 26478], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:350 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367], Dankwa et al. 1999:28 [ref. 28023], De Weirdt et al. 2007:501 [ref. 30024], Bamba et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31488] in 'Barbus', Pezold et al. 2016:104 [ref. 34870] in 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius ablabes (Bleeker 1863) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius ablabes (Bleeker 1863). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

aboinensis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:369 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 8 (no. 45) (art. 45); ref. 14782] Omalu, headwaters of Aboina River, tributary of Cross River, southern Nigeria. Syntypes: (numerous) BMNH 1911.3.30.23-32 (orig. 18), USNM 86631 (1). •Valid as Barbus aboinensis Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:220 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:346 [ref. 21589], De Weirdt et al. 2007:5035 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius aboinensis (Boulenger 1911) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius aboinensis (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

abramioides, Cyprinus Sykes [W. H.] 1839:158 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Deccan, India. No types known. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:55 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:353, Pl. 61 (fig. 2) [ref. 18868]. •Synonym of Catla catla (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:119 [ref. 24904], Bănărescu in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:183 [ref. 25856]). •Synonym of Gibelion catla (Hamilton 1822). •Synonym of Labeo catla (Hamilton 1822). Current status: Synonym of Labeo catla (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

abyssinica, Dillonia Heckel [J. J.] 1847:329 [Reisen in Europa, Asien und Africa v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 2068] Unneeded new name for Chondrostoma dillonii Valenciennes 1844. •Synonym of Varicorhinus beso Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:337 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus beso (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus beso (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

acanthopterus, Scaphiodontopsis Fowler [H. W.] 1934:119, Figs. 74-75 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Sop Lao, Nam Luang River, Southern Shan States, Myanmar. Holotype: ANSP 58065. Paratypes: ANSP 58066-74 (9). Additional material (11). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:14 [ref. 25088] with no locality, Böhlke 1984:68 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Varicorhinus acanthopterus (Fowler 1934) -- (Wu et al. 1977:320 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:222 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:61 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:162 [ref. 23556]). •Synonym of Scaphiodonichthys burmanicus Vinceguerra 1890 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:179 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Scaphiodonichthys acanthopterus (Fowler 1934) -- (Rainboth 1996:99 [ref. 22772], Shan 1997:13 [ref. 25091], Kottelat 1998:56 [ref. 23436], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:149 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2001:40 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2001:79 [ref. 25780], Kottellat 2013:159 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:43 [ref. 33971], Zhang et al. 2016:98 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Scaphiodonichthys acanthopterus (Fowler 1934). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

acerus, Paracrossochilus Inger [R. F.] & Chin [P. K.] 1962:100, Fig. 47 [Fieldiana Zoology v. 45; ref. 12303] Sungei Dapu River, small tributary of the Baleh River, Third Division, Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Holotype: FMNH 68240. Paratypes: Banarescu coll. [ex FMNH 68241] (3); FMNH 44783 (2), 45854-55 (2, 2), 68241-46 (450 or 473, 101 or 9, 10, 2, 6), 68582 (3); ZRC 942 (5). Type catalog: Alfred 1970:71 [ref. 23931], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:63 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Paracrossochilus acerus Inger & Chin 1962 -- (Bănărescu 1986:157 [ref. 8112], Roberts 1989:57 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:41 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:232 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:583 [ref. 23647], Parenti & Lim 2005:183 [ref. 28285], Kottelat 2013:138 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:29 [ref. 35802]). Current status: Valid as Paracrossochilus acerus Inger & Chin 1962. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

acinaces, Cyprinion Banister [K. E.] & Clarke [M. A.] 1977:123, Fig. 13; Pls. 2, 5, 6 [Journal Oman Studies (Special Report); ref. 7232] Qasam area, Wadi Hadramut, southern Yemen. Holotype: BMNH 1976.4.7.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1976.4.7.2-30 (29), 1976.4.7.31-35 (5), 1976.4.7.36-38 (3), 1976.4.7.39-41 (3), 1976.4.7.158-161 (4), 1976.4.7.162-164 (3). •Valid as Cyprinion acinaces Banister & Clarke 1977 -- (Alkahem & Behnke 1983:555 [ref. 8384], Krupp 1983:583 [ref. 8320], Coad 1996:84 [ref. 25304], Nasri et al. 2016:259 [ref. 34951]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinion acinaces Banister & Clarke 1977. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Yemen. Habitat: freshwater.

acra, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:284, 386 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Sunkos River, northeastern Bengal, India. No types known. Subjective synonym of Cyprinus baja Hamilton 1822; first revisor Day 1877:542 gave precedence to bata. •Synonym of Labeo bata (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:126 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:115 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo bata (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

aculeatum, Chondrostoma Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:408 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Iran. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-2357. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1960-0611 [ex MNHN 0000-2357] (5). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:44 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Coad & Krupp 1994:63 [ref. 23605]. •Synonym of Capoeta capoeta (Güldenstädt 1773), but a valid subspecies aculeata (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:85 [ref. 8508]). •Valid as Capoeta aculeata (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Coad 1991:15 [ref. 15702], Coad & Krupp 1994:63 [ref. 23605], Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Turan et al. 2006:154 [ref. 28700], Özuluğ & Freyhof 2008:293 [ref. 29981], Coad 2010:147 [ref. 36620], Esmaeili et al. 2010:368 [ref. 33391], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:867 [ref. 34062], Teimori et al. 2015:90 [ref. 34095], Zareian et al. 2016:140 [ref. 34227], Esmaeili et al. 2016:42 [ref. 34283], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2016:169 [ref. 34989], Esmaeili et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35254], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2017:152 [ref. 35425], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2017:152 [ref. 35538], Zareian et al. 2017:17 [ref. 35636], Esmaeili et al. 2018:18 [ref. 36089], Levin et al. 2019:39 [ref. 36600]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta aculeata (Valenciennes 1844). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Namak Lake and Kavir basins, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

acuminatus, Cyprinus Richardson [J.] 1846:289 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. Neotype: Kiel Univ. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:209, Pl. 13b [ref. 11606]). Neotype designated by Kottelat 2001:19 [ref. 25482]. •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Zheng et al. 1989:232 [ref. 21202], Wu & Wu 1992:516 [ref. 21205], Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:411 [ref. 25272], Barus et al. in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:86 [ref. 25856]). •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758, subspecies rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803 -- (Chen & Huang 1977:414 [ref. 8497]). •Valid as Carassioides acuminatus (Richardson 1846) -- (Kottelat 2001:19 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2013:84 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Carassioides acuminatus (Richardson 1846). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

acuminatus, Cyprinus Heckel [J. J.] & Kner [R.] 1857:58, Fig. 22 [Die Süsswasserfische der Österreichischen Monarchie; ref. 2078] Danube River, Neusiedler Lake and Plattensee (Balaton Lake), Austria and Hungary. Syntypes: NMW 52846 (2), 52854-55 (1, 1), 52927-29 (1, 1, 1), 52950 (9), 53403 (2). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Cyprinus acuminatus Richardson 1846. •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1949:831 [ref. 20661], Kottelat 1997:57 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2013:94 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

acuticeps, Barbus Matthes [H.] 1959:62 [Folia Scientifica Africae Centralis v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 11929] River Nyawarongo, Rwanda (±2°26'S, 30°21'E). Holotype: MRAC 130313. Paratypes: MRAC 130310 (1), 130311-12 (2), 130314 (1). •Valid as Barbus acuticeps Matthes 1959 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:220 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:15 [ref. 17656]). •Valid as Labeobarbus acuticeps (Matthes 1959) -- (Banyankimbona et al. 2012:276 [ref. 34113], Vreven et al. 2016:53 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus acuticeps (Matthes 1959). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Rwanda and Burundi. Habitat: freshwater.

acuticeps, Poropuntius bolovenensis Roberts [T. R.] 1998:125, Figs. 5-6 [Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society v. 46 (no. 1); ref. 23549] Xe Nam Noi, 300 meters downstream from primary dam site of Xe Nam Noi-Xe-Pian, Bolovens Plateau, Sekong watershead, southern Laos. Holotype: CAS 94255. Paratypes: CAS 94256 (1). Described as an intraspecific trophic morph. Not available; see comments under Poropuntius bolovenensis Roberts 1998. Regarded as infrasubspecific and unavailable by Kottelat 2000:46 [ref. 25040]. Kottelat renamed this morph as the species Poropuntius consternans with the same type specimens. •Not available, infrasubspecific -- (Kottelat 2013:144 [ref. 32989] in synonymy of Poropuntius consternans). Current status: Synonym of Poropuntius consternans Kottelat 2000. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

acutidorsalis, Cyprinus Wang [Y.-H.] 1979:424, Fig. 1 [Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 8771] Lecheng, Qionghai, Hainan Island, China. Holotype: XFCFC [Xiamen Fisheries College] 65-1821. Paratypes: ECSFRI and XFCFC 65-0801 (1), 65-1822 to 1823 (1, 1), 66-2816 to 2817 (1, 1), 66-3126 (1), 66-3393 (1), 66-3568 (1), 66-3571 (1), 66-3573 (1), SH-15193 (1). If a different species, a junior primary homonym of Cyprinus acutidorsalis Chen & Huang 1977, permanently invalid. •Valid as Cyprinus acutidorsalis Wang 1979 -- (Chen & Huang 1977:410 [ref. 8497], Kuang in Kuang et al. 1986:138 [ref. 26639], Liu in Pan et al. 1991:224 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:98 [ref. 25213], Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:409 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:84 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Cyprinus acutidorsalis Chen & Hwang 1977 -- (Kottelat 2013:93 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus acutidorsalis Chen & Huang 1977. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

acutidorsalis, Cyprinus Chen [H.-L.] & Huang [H.-Q.] in Wu 1977:410, Pls. 8-10 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 2; ref. 8497] Guangxi, Qinzhou, China. Syntypes: IHB 75V3943-3947 3962 (6). Second author also seen as Hwang. Probably the same as Cyprinus acutidorsalis Wang 1979, then this species dates to Chen & Huang 1977. •Valid as Cyprinus acutidorsalis Wang 1979 -- (Chen & Huang 1977:410 [ref. 8497], Kuang in Kuang et al. 1986:138 [ref. 26639], Liu in Pan et al. 1991:224 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:98 [ref. 25213], Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:409 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:84 [ref. 34477]). •Species inquirenda as Cyprinus acutidorsalis Chen & Huang 1977 -- (Kottelat 2013:93 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinus acutidorsalis Chen & Huang 1977. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Qingjiang River, Guangxi, China; Hainan Island. Habitat: freshwater.

acutirostris, Barbus brunellii Bini [G.] 1940:174, Pl. 10 [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] Debre Mariam (locality 1), Lake Tana, Ethiopia (11°38'N, 37°24'E). Neotype: RMNH 32870. Subspecific name spelled acutirostis on Pl. 10; also says "n. sp." after trinominal on Pl. 10 and "sp. nova." on p. 174. Original 8 syntypes lost, neotype designated by Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:130 [ref. 23829]. Name appears first on p. 161. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus acutirostris Bini 1940 -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:130 [ref. 23829], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1998:5 [ref. 23807], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000:205 [ref. 24546], de Graaf et al. 2000:7 [ref. 25061]). •Valid as Labeobarbus acutirostris (Bini 1940) -- (de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Nagelkerke et al. 2015:1198 [ref. 34084], Vreven et al. 2016:54 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus acutirostris (Bini 1940). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

acutirostris, Neolissochilus Arunachalam [M.], Sivakumar [P.] & Murugan [M.] 2017:15, Figs. 3D, 4D [FishTaxa v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 35058] Abby falls, a stream in the Cauvery River drainage in Kodagu District, Karnataka, India, 11°40'38.2''N, 75°43'8.0''E, elevation 963 meters. Holotype: ZSI/SRS F7152. Paratypes: CMA, MSUMNH. •Valid as Neolissochilus acutirostris Arunachalam, Sivakumar & Murugan 2017 -- (Lalramliana et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 35912], Umamaheswari & Arunachalam 2018:2 [ref. 36417]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus acutirostris Arunachalam, Sivakumar & Murugan 2017. Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Cauvery River drainage, Karnataka, India. Habitat: freshwater.

adiscus, Discognathus Annandale [N.] 1919:68, Pls. 10 (fig. 2), 11 (fig. 1) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 18 (pt 1); ref. 15203] Seistan, eastern Iran. Holotype: ZSI F9763/1. Paratypes: BMNH 1919.8.16.7-8 [ex ZSI] (2), ZIN 25411 (3), ZSI F9758/1 (20). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:107 [ref. 20743] as syntypes. See Das 2003:356 [ref. 27706] dated 1921. •Synonym of Crossocheilus latius Hamilton 1822 -- (Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:81 [ref. 8508], Bănărescu 1986:148 [ref. 8112], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391]). •Questionably valid as Crossocheilus adiscus or a synonym of Crossocheilus latius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Coad 1995:16 [ref. 23608]). •Valid as Crossochelus adiscus (Annandale 1919) -- (Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297]). •Synonym of Crossocheilus diplochilus (Heckel 1838) -- (Kullander et al. 1999:133 [ref. 23689]). •Valid as Gonorhynchus adiscus (Annandale 1919) -- (Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:353 [ref. 34017], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:871 [ref. 34062], Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:197 [ref. 34083]). •Synonym of Gonorhynchus diplochilus (Heckel 1838) -- (Esmaeili et al. 2015:121 [ref. 35030] with author as McClelland 1839, Ciccotto & Page 2016:476 [ref. 34501]). •Valid as Tariqilabeo adiscus (Annandale 1919) -- (Esmaeili et al. 2017:59 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:39 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Tariqilabeo adiscus (Annandale 1919). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Eastern Iran and Helmand River (Afghanistan). Habitat: freshwater.

aeneus, Cyprinus Burchell [W. J.] 1822:280, Fig. on p. 285 [Travels in the interior of southern Africa. 2 vols.; ref. 17293] Zak River, South Africa (±29°39'S, 21°11'E). No types known. •Valid as Barbus aeneus (Burchell 1822) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:220 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:168 [ref. 24071]). •Valid as Labeobarbus aeneus (Burchell 1822) -- (Skelton 2001:168 [ref. 27406], Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:852 [ref. 34067], Marshall 2011:102 [ref. 31755], Vreven et al. 2016:54 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus aeneus (Burchell 1822). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

aethiopicus, Discognathus Pellegrin [J.] 1927:232 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 52; ref. 15814] Kabana River, tributary of Aouche River, Ethiopia, elevation about 2400 meters. Lectotype: MNHN 1927-125. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1927-0124 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:55 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype designated by Stiassny & Getahun 2007:68 [ref. 29119]. •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:304 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Garra aethiopica (Pellegrin 1927) -- (Stiassny & Getahun 2007:54 [ref. 29119], Habteselassie et al. 2010:52 [ref. 30774]). Current status: Valid as Garra aethiopica (Pellegrin 1927). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Awash River basin, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

afasciatus, Puntius Jayaram [K. C.] 1990:107, Fig. 2 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 87 (pt 1); ref. 20047] Vellakaravi and Vathakad village, Nagercoil, Tamil Nadu, India. Holotype: ZSI F2985/2. See Das 2003:360 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Puntius melanampyx (Day 1865) -- (Menon 1999:96 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Puntius fasciatus (Jerdon 1849) based on placement of melanampyx. •Valid as Dravidia afasciata (Jayaram 1990) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:78 [ref. 32071]). •Valid as Haludaria afasciatus (Jayaram 1990) -- (Pethiyagoda 2013:199 [ref. 32961], Bleher 2018:544 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Haludaria afasciata (Jayaram 1990). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Tamil Nadu, India. Habitat: freshwater.

afer, Barbus (Capoeta) Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1864:395 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1864; ref. 3437] Probably the Swartkops River system, Cape Colony, South Africa. Syntypes: ZMB 5413 (3). •Valid as Barbus afer Peters 1864 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:220 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Pseudobarbus afer (Peters 1864) -- (Skelton 1988:280 [ref. 7302], Skelton 1993:124 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:124 [ref. 27406], Chakona & Swartz 2013:568 [ref. 32786], Chakona et al. 2014:122 [ref. 33568], Chakona & Skelton 2017:121 [ref. 35153], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417], Skelton et al. 2018:16 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Pseudobarbus afer (Peters 1864). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

affinis, Barbus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:8, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Museum Senckenbergianum: Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der beschreibenden Naturgeschichte, von Mitgliedern der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 3845] Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Holotype: SMF 6786 (dry). •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:251 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

affinis, Barbus lateristriga Kammerzell [F.] 1917:333, Abb. 1 [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 14 (no. 36); ref. 34769] Sunda Inseln (aquarium import). No types known. Named by mistake of Barbus sp. aff. lateristriga Duncker. Also described earlier (?) by Stansch, Die Prachtbarbe und die übrigen Barben-Arten, p. 23 as Barbus lateristriga spec. affinis Duncker or Barbus lateristriga var. affinis. •Senior synonym of Barbodes dunckeri (Ahl 1929). Not in use. Current status: Synonym of Barbodes dunckeri (Ahl 1929). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

affinis, Cirrhinus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:303 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Cavery River at Seringapatam, southern India. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Labeo calbasu (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Dhas 2000:83 [ref. 25342], Kottelat 2013:115 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Labeo calbasu (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

affinis, Schizothorax Kessler [K. F.] 1872:56 [12] [Izvestiia Imperatorskago Obschchestva Liubitelei Estestvozaniia, Antropologii i Etnografii v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 14134] Dznam near Samarkand, Uzbekistan. Syntypes: (3) Original in error as ZIN 4019 (1), 4487-88 (1, 1); none found at ZIN. On p. 12 of separate. •Synonym of Schizothorax intermedius McClelland 1842 -- (Berg 1949:712 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Racoma intermedia (McClelland & Griffith 1842) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:329 [ref. 21205]). •? Synonym of Schizopyge curvifrons (Heckel 1838). Current status: Synonym of Schizopyge curvifrons (Heckel 1838). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Habitat: freshwater.

afghana, Cirrhina Günther [A.] 1889:106, Pl. 12 (fig. C) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 5 (pt 3) (art. 3); ref. 18207] Nushki district, Balochistan, Pakistan. Syntypes: BMNH 1886.9.21.155-159 (6) [Nushki] Kushk, 1886.9.21.150-154 (now 4) [Nushki] Kushk; ZSI F11474-6 (3), F11479-85 (7). Type information: Talwar 1977:65 [ref. 21523]. Original genus should have been Cirrhinus. •Synonym of Cyprinion microphthalmum (Day 1880) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:180 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Cyprinion watsoni (Day 1872) -- (Coad 1981:10 [ref. 22348], Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:84 [ref. 8508], Coad 1995:16 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:4 [ref. 23831]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinion watsoni (Day 1872). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

afrohamiltoni, Barbus Crass [R. S.] 1960:428 [Annals of the Natal Museum v. 14 (pt 3); ref. 11905] Sabi River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Syntypes: SAM 10771 [now at AMG] (3, in 2 bottles). Replacement name for Barbus hamiltoni Gilchrist & Thompson 1913, preoccupied by Barbus hamiltonii Jerdon 1848. •Valid as Barbus afrohamiltoni Crass 1960 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:221 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:162 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:162 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:97 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius afrohamiltoni (Crass 1960) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:42 [ref. 36373]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius afrohamiltoni (Crass 1960). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

afrovernayi, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] & Boulton [R.] 1927:45 [Copeia No. 163; ref. 17987] Capelongo, Huila Province, Angola. Holotype: AMNH 8680. Paratypes: AMNH 8994 (4). Replacement name for Barbus vernayi Nichols & Boulton 1927, preoccupied by Barbus vernayi Norman 1925. •Valid as Barbus afrovernayi Nichols & Boulton 1927 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:221 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:157 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:157 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:94 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius afrovernayi (Nichols & Boulton 1927) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius afrovernayi (Nichols & Boulton 1927). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern and central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

ahlselli, Barbus Lönnberg [E.] 1911:39, Fig. 5 [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 47 (no. 6); ref. 14793] Luazomela River, a tributary to Guaso Nyiri from the south, Kenya. Syntypes: NRM 9238 (2). •Synonym of Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:276 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

akakianus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:122, Fig. 99 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Akaki River, Hawash System, southern Ethiopia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.1.20.85. •Synonym of Barbus paludinosus Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:278 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:129 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

akeleyi, Barbus Hubbs [C. L.] 1918:13, Pl. 3 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 12 (pt 2); ref. 10684] Athi River, Kenya, East Africa. Holotype: FMNH 6106. Paratypes: FMNH 6111-12 (12, 48). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:15 [ref. 12367] but FMNH 6112 not listed. •Synonym of Barbus kerstenii Peters 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:258 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Synonym of Enteromius kerstenii (Peters 1868) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius kerstenii (Peters 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

akhtarii, Oreinus sinuatus var. Malik [G. M.] 1966:135 [Kashmir Science, A science Research Journal of J & K University, Srinagar v. 3 (nos 1-2); ref. 23693] Helmand River, Afganistan. Spelled akhtart on p. 143. Not available, proposed as a variety after 1960. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae.

aksaiensis, Schizothorax Kessler [K. F.] 1872:57 [13], Pl. 9 (figs. 19-21) [Izvestiia Imperatorskago Obschchestva Liubitelei Estestvozaniia, Antropologii i Etnografii v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 14134] Aksai River, tributary of Tarim River, Xinjing Province, China. Syntypes: (3) MLSU 544 (1). Type catalog: Svetovidova 1978:262 [ref. 9011] with MLSU 544 as holotype; no types found at ZISP in 1996 (N. Chernova, pers. comm.). On p. 31 of separate. •Synonym of Schizothorax intermedius McClelland & Griffith 1842 -- (Berg 1949:713 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Racoma intermedia (McClelland & Griffith 1842) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:329 [ref. 21205]). •? Synonym of Schizothorax curvifrons Heckel 1838. •? Synonym of Schizopyge curvifrons (Heckel 1838). Current status: Synonym of Schizopyge curvifrons (Heckel 1838). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Habitat: freshwater.

alba, Barbus fluviatilis var. Krauss [F.] 1882:346 [Jahreshefte des Vereins für Vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg v. 38; ref. 20854] Enz River at Lomersheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Holotype (unique): SMNS 14332. Type catalog: Fricke 1995:10 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:31 [ref. 29864]. Species name correct as albus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

albanicus, Barbus Steindachner [F.] 1870:630 [8], Pl. 3 (figs. 1-1a) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 61 (1. Abth.); ref. 4218] Lake Scutari [Lake Iannina], Albania. Syntypes: (several) MSNG 9043 (2), NMW 53651 (2). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:184 [ref. 10343]. On p. 8 of separate. •Valid as Messinobarbus albanicus (Steindachner 1870) -- (Bianco 1998:128 [ref. 23811]). •Valid as Barbus albanicus Steindachner 1870 -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952], Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:169 [ref. 25489], Economidis & Herzig-Straschil in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:23 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus albanicus (Steindachner 1870) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:135 [ref. 29996], Barbieri et al. 2015:55 [ref. 35029]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus albanicus (Steindachner 1870). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe: Albania, Greece. Habitat: freshwater.

albeoguttatus, Sinocyclocheilus Zhou [S.-B.] & Li [G.-L.] 1998 [Contributions from Tianjin Natural History Museum No.15; ref. 27917] Cave, Guangxi, China. Original not yet seen. •Synonym of Sinocyclocheilus anatirostris Lin & Luo 1986 -- (Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522]). •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus albeoguttatus Zhou & Li 1998 -- (Zhou et al. 2004:591, 594 [ref. 27905], Zhao & Zhang 2006:773 [ref. 31176], Lan et al. 2013:213 [ref. 32910]). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus albeoguttatus Zhou & Li 1998. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

alberti, Barbus Poll [M.] 1939:28, Fig. 9 [Poissons. Exploration du Parc National Albert. Fasc. 24; ref. 17216] Rutshuru River, May-Ya-Moto, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: MRAC 64721-23 (3). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:26 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus alberti Poll 1939 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:221 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus stigmatopygus Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque 1989:170 [ref. 12829]). •See De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:153 [ref. 20130]. •Synonym of Enteromius stigmatopygus (Boulenger 1903) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius stigmatopygus (Boulenger 1903). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

alborzensis, Capoeta Jouladeh-Roudbar [A.], Eagderi [S.], Ghanavi [H. R.] & Doadrio [I.] 2016:169, Figs. 2-5 [FishTaxa v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 34989] Nam River, tributary of Hableh River, near Harandeh village, Tehran province, Iran, 35°42'41.1"N, 52°40'19.7"E. Holotype: IMNRF-UT 1063-115. Paratypes: IMNRF-UT. •Valid as Capoeta alborzensis Jouladeh-Roudbar, Eagderi, Ghanavi & Doadrio 2016 -- (Esmaeili et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35254], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2017:152 [ref. 35425], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2017:152 [ref. 35538], Levin et al. 2019:40 [ref. 36600]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta alborzensis Jouladeh-Roudbar, Eagderi, Ghanavi & Doadrio 2016. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Kavir basin, Tehran province, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

albuloides, Systomus Bleeker [P.] 1855:425 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 16849] Kapuas River, Pontianak, Borneo, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 7033. Paralectotypes: RMNH 1425 (2). Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.74 (5) no locality. Original as albuloïdes. •Valid as Albulichthys albuloides (Bleeker 1855) -- (Roberts 1989:28 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:32 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:229 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:85 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2001:38 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:73 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Albulichthys albuloides (Bleeker 1855). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

albus, Systomus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1063 [73] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Tigris and Orontes rivers. Syntypes: NMW 53674-77 (1, 1, 1, 1), 53680 (1), 91400 (1, dry); ?SMF 812 [ex NMW in 1843] (1). Illustrated in Heckel 1943: Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [ref. 2067]. On p. 73 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Synonym of Barbus luteus (Heckel 1843) -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Carasobarbus luteus (Heckel 1843) -- (Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:90 [ref. 26519], Borkenhagen et al. 2011:328 [ref. 31372], Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:34 [ref. 32915], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:869 [ref. 34062]). Current status: Synonym of Carasobarbus luteus (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

alepidotus, Cyprinus Bloch [M. E.] 1784:154 [M. Marcus Elieser Bloch's ..., ausübenden Arztes zu Berlin, Oeconomische Naturgeschichte der Fische Deutschlands v. 3; ref. 19645] Not an available name; part of the diagnosis of Cyprinus nudus. Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

alfredianus, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:xvi (77), Pl. 488 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Mysore, India [not Nepal]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-2750. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:81 [ref. 19574]. As duvaucelii on p. 77, but duvaucelii used for another species on p. 95. Changed to alfredianus on the "Avis au relieur" found at the end of the volume and on p. xvi (on which p. 77 and Pl. 488 are cited) and Pl. 488 •Synonym of Osteobrama vigorsii (Sykes 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:242 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Osteobrama cotio (Hamilton 1822), subspecies cunma (Day 1888) -- (Menon 1999:65 [ref. 24904] as alfrediana). •Valid as Osteobrama alfredianus (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Doi 1997:9 [ref. 22832] as alfrediana). Current status: Valid as Osteobrama alfredianus (Valenciennes 1844). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

aliciae, Barbus Bigorne [R.] & Lévêque [C.] 1993:63, Fig. 1 [Cybium v. 17 (no. 1); ref. 20656] Mani River, Saint John basin, Liberia. Holotype: MNHN 1991-0324. Paratypes: MNHN 1991-0325 (17), plus additional material. •Valid as Barbus aliciae Bigorne & Lévêque 1993. •Valid as Enteromius aliciae (Bigorne & Lévêque 1993) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius aliciae (Bigorne & Lévêque 1993). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Liberia and Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

alloiopleurus, Barbus Vaillant [L. L.] 1893:201 [5] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (8th Série) v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 4486] Da River, Black River, Upper Tonkin, northern Vietnam. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1892-0261. On p. 5 of separate. •Valid as Poropuntius alloiopleurus (Vaillant 1893) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2000:852 [ref. 25863], Kottelat 2001:35 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2013:143 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius alloiopleurus (Vaillant 1893). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

allostoma, Garra Roberts [T. R.] 1990:163, Figs. 1-2 [Revue d'Hydrobiologie Tropicale v. 23 (no. 2); ref. 16927] Rapids of River Menchum below waterfall near Befang, Bamenda highlands, Niger basin, Cameroon, western Africa. Holotype: MNHN 1987-1626. Paratypes: MNHN 1988-1627 (32, 4 c&s). Other specimens: MNHN 1988-1166 (6). •Valid as Garra allostoma Roberts 1990 -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:284 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367], Stiassny & Getahun 2007:54 [ref. 29119]). Current status: Valid as Garra allostoma Roberts 1990. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

alluaudi, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1909:157 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 34; ref. 14409] Wimi River, Ruwenzori, lower zone, eastern Africa (±0°23'N, 29°54'E). Syntypes: MNHN 1909-0586 and 0587 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:32 [ref. 19574]. •Possible hybrid Barbus somereni x Varicorhinus ruwenzorii -- (Banister 1973:9 [ref. 7554]). •Valid as Barbus alluaudi Pellegrin 1909 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:222 [ref. 6186]). •Possible hybrid of Labeobarbus somereni x Labeobarbus ruwenzorii -- (Vreven et al. 2016:71 [ref. 34168] as Labeobarbus ruwenzori). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa.

alluaudi, Labeo Pellegrin [J.] 1933:105, Fig. [Archiv für Hydrobiologie v. 26; ref. 3413] Danané, Cercle de Man, Ivory Coast. Lectotype: MNHN 1932-0298. Paralectotypes: NMBA 4462 (now 1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:20 [ref. 19574], Kottelat & Sutter 1988:53 [ref. 13796]. Lectotype selected by Reid 1985:258 [ref. 19189]. •Valid as Labeo alluaudi Pellegrin 1933 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:305 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:258 [ref. 19189], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:294 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477], Stiassny 1991:8 [ref. 19336], Pezold et al. 2016:105 [ref. 34870]). Current status: Valid as Labeo alluaudi Pellegrin 1933. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: West Africa: Ivory Coast and Liberia. Habitat: freshwater.

almorae, Labeo Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1912:438, Pl. 38 (figs. 2, 2a-b) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 7 (pt 5); ref. 14837] Almora [Almorha] District, western Himalayas, Uttar Pradesh, northern India. Holotype (unique): ZSI F2014/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:112 [ref. 20743]. •Synonym of Labeo dero (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:204 [ref. 20764] as almorhae, Menon 1999:131 [ref. 24904] as almorhae, Jayaram & Dhas 2000:39 [ref. 25342] as almorhae). •Valid as Bangana almorae (Chaudhuri 1912) -- (Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832], Luo & Zhou 2009:66 [ref. 30000], Kottelat 2013:75 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2017:494 [ref. 35262]). Current status: Valid as Bangana almorae (Chaudhuri 1912). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Northern India. Habitat: freshwater.

aloyi, Barbus Roman [B.] 1971:15, Fig. 4 [Publicaciones del Instituto de Biología Aplicada Barcelona v. 49 [1970]; ref. 7780] River Bolo, affluent of Kie River, Ntem basin, River Muni, Republic of Equatorial Guinea. Holotype (unique): MCSBCN. •Valid as Barbus aloyi Roman 1971 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:222 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:481 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius aloyi (Roman 1971) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius aloyi (Roman 1971). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Equatorial Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

alpina, Systomus albus var. Heckel [J. J.] 1847:257 [Reisen in Europa, Asien und Africa v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 2068] Kara-Agatsch River, and Alpine lakes Pire-San und Deria Kaserun, Iran. Syntypes: NMW 53678-79 (5, 2), 53681-82 (2, 2); ?RMNH 2464 [ex NMW] (2). •Synonym of Barbus luteus (Heckel 1843) -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Carasobarbus luteus (Heckel 1843) -- (Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:90 [ref. 26519], Esmaeili et al. 2010:368 [ref. 33391], Borkenhagen et al. 2011:328 [ref. 31372], Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:34 [ref. 32915], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:869 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:42 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Synonym of Carasobarbus luteus (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

alta, Garra Day [F.] 1867:349 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 2) (art. 5); ref. 14044] Rapid streams, Wynaad, India. No types known. Possible syntype: BMNH 2016.11.30.676 (Day specimen from Wynaad). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762]. •Synonym of Garra mullya (Sykes 1839) -- (Menon 1999:148 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Garra mullya (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

altianalis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1900:479 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 6 (no. 35); ref. 14721] Lake Kivu, northeast of Lake Tanganyika (±2°0'S, 29°10'E). Lectotype: BMNH 1906.9.6.13. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.9.6.14 (1) Lake Kivu, 1906.9.6.15 (1) Rusisi River. Lectotype selected by Banister 1973. •Valid as Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:222 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:10 [ref. 17656], Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus, Seegers 2008:183 [ref. 29830] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) -- (R. Bills, pers. comm. 1/19/2012 on a 2007 technical report, Banyankimbona et al. 2012:276 [ref. 34113], Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

alticaputus, Garra Arunachalam [M.], Nandagopal [S.] & Mayden [R. L.] 2013:128, Fig. 6 [Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture. v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 33196] Dikrong River at Boorum Village, tributary of Ranga River, Lower Subanshri District, Anunachal Pradesh, India, 27°09'26"N, 93°42'22.7"E. Holotype: ZSI/SRS F8578. Paratypes: MSUMNH 60 (3), CMA 18 (4). •Valid as Garra alticaputus Arunachalam, Nandagopal & Mayden 2013 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:90 [ref. 34491], Moyon & Arunkumar 2018:112 [ref. 36388]). Current status: Valid as Garra alticaputus Arunachalam, Nandagopal & Mayden 2013. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Ranga River drainage, Brahmaputra River basin, India. Habitat: freshwater.

alticentralis, Labeo Tshibwabwa [S. M.] 1997:388, Pl. 3 (3) [Systématique des espèces Africaines du genre Labeo (Teleostei, Cyprinidae) v. 2; ref. 24617] Stanleyville [Kisangani], 0°03'N, 25°11'E, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 2475-2476. Paratypes: MRAC 89-43-P-2174-2176 (1). •Valid as Labeo alticentralis Tshibwabwa 1997. Current status: Valid as Labeo alticentralis Tshibwabwa 1997. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

alticola, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:566 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 102) (art. 71); ref. 15648] Alaba River, flowing into Lake Gandjule (Margherita), southern Ethiopia, elevation 6000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.1.20.184-185 (2), 1937.4.20.67 (1). •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

alticorpora, Garra Chu [X.-L.] & Cui [G.-H.] 1987:96 [English p. 99], Fig. 3 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 19903] Pingbian county, 22°58'N, 103°40'E, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: KIZ 8540265. Paratypes: KIZ 8540266 (1). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:349 [ref. 32939]. •Tentative synonym of Garra poilanei Petit & Tchang 1933 -- (Kottelat 2001:26 [ref. 25482]). •Valid as Garra alticorpora Chu & Cui 1987 -- (Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:251 [ref. 25272], Chen et al. 2009:439 [ref. 30322]). •Synonym of Garra imberba Garman 1912 -- (Zhou et al. 2005:450 [ref. 28432], Kottelat 2013:105 [ref. 32989], Wang et al. 2014:30 [ref. 36012], Zhang et al. 2016:110 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Ageneiogarra imberba (Garman 1912). Current status: Synonym of Ageneiogarra imberba (Garman 1912). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

alticorpus, Scaphiodontella Oshima [M.] 1920:126, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 72; ref. 3313] Burako River, Ako [Pingtung], Taiwan. Holotype: ANSP 49948. Paratypes: (1) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:68 [ref. 13621] with a holotype, Ho & Shao 2011:30 [ref. 31432] with an unneeded lectotype. •Valid as Varicorhinus alticorpus (Oshima 1920) -- (Wu et al. 1977:304 [ref. 4807], Zhu 1995:60 [ref. 25213]). •Valid as Scaphesthes alticorpus (Oshima 1920) -- (Yue & Chen 1998:119 [ref. 26415]). •Valid as Onychostoma alticorpus (Oshima 1920) -- (Shan et al. in Yue 2000:131 [ref. 25272], Xin et al. 2009:261 [ref. 30708], Ho & Shao 2011:30 [ref. 31432], Jang-Liaw & Chen 2013:68 [ref. 32417], Hoang et al. 2015:123 [ref. 33811], Zhang et al. 2016:91 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Onychostoma alticorpus (Oshima 1920). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: Taiwan and ? China. Habitat: freshwater.

altidorsalis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1908:493 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 2 (no. 12); ref. 14307] Kafue River, 250 miles from Victoria Falls, Zambia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.11.6.26 [or 20]. •Valid as Barbus altidorsalis Boulenger 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:224 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus codringtonii (Boulenger 1908) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:29, 58 [ref. 34168]). •Valid as Enteromius altidorsalis (Boulenger 1908) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus codringtonii (Boulenger 1908). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

altidorsalis, Schizocypris Bianco [P. G.] & Bănărescu [P. M.] 1982:93, Fig. 1D [Cybium 3e série. Bulletin de la Société Française d'Ichtyologie v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 8508] Nahr-Taheri, near Zabol, Sistan, Iran, about 31°02'N, 61°30'E. Holotype: IZA 8169. Paratypes: AMNH 40952 (2); CMNFi82-368 [ex IZA 7841] (2); IZA 7841 (5), 7844 (3); NMC 82-368 (2); USNM 227928 (1); ZMH 6091 (2). Additional material: ISBB 3136 and 3137. •Valid as Schizocypris altidorsalis Bianco & Bănărescu 1982 -- (Coad 1995:20 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Coad & Keyzer-de Ville 2005:36 [ref. 28505], Esmaeili et al. 2010:371 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:879 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:56 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:36 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Schizocypris altidorsalis Bianco & Bănărescu 1982. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Afghanistan and Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

altior, Schizothorax Herzenstein [S. M.] 1889:158, Pl. 12 (fig. 1) [Zoologischer Theil, St. Petersburg v. 3 (2 abt.) (2); ref. 2148] Lob-Nor Lake, central Asia. Holotype (unique): ZIN 7297 (whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Racoma biddulphi (Günther 1876) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:341 [ref. 21205]). •Synonym of Schizothorax biddulphi Günther 1876 -- (Tsao 1964:160 [ref. 13501], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:315 [ref. 25272]). Current status: Synonym of Schizothorax biddulphi Günther 1876. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Habitat: freshwater.

altipinnis, Varicorhinus Banister [K. E.] & Poll [M.] 1973:82, Figs. 1-4 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 87 (no. 1); ref. 7553] Kilwezi, right tributary of Lufira River, Upemba National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo (±09°06'S, 26°46'E), elevation 800 meters. Holotype: MRAC 179729. Paratypes: BMNH 1972.10.2.1 (1); IRSNB 643 (1); MRAC 179730-31 (1, 1) 179732-33 (2), 179734-35 (1, 1); NMBA 3983 (1), 3985 (1), 3988-89 (2). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:13 [ref. 20755], Kottelat & Sutter 1988:53 [ref. 13796], Derijst 1991:72 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Varicorhinus altipinnis Banister & Poll 1973 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:336 [ref. 6186], Getahun et al. 2004:159 [ref. 27830]). •Valid as Labeobarbus altipinnis (Banister & Poll 1973) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus altipinnis (Banister & Poll 1973). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

altishoulderus, Anchicyclocheilus Li [W.-X.] & Lan [J.-H.] 1992:47, Fig. 2 [Journal of Zhanjiang Fisheries College v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 25742] Taiping Town, ca. 24°22'N, 107°22'E, Donglan County, Guangxi Province, China. Holotype: MSTFM 890480026. Paratypes: MSTFM 890480027-0038 (12). •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus altishoulderus (Li & Lan 1992) -- (Shan et al. in Yue 2000:78 [ref. 25272], Li et al. 2003:62 [ref. 28316] as altishouderus, Li et al. 2003:84 [ref. 28168], Zhao et al. 2006:126 [ref. 28691], Proudlove 2006:75 [ref. 28992], Zhao & Zhang 2006:773 [ref. 31176], Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522], Zhao et al. 2009:204 [ref. 29545], Zhou et al. 2011:388 [ref. 31373], Zhao et al. 2011:1550 [ref. 31493], Liang et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31561], Zheng et al. 2012:x [ref. 32676], Ma & Zhao 2012:109 [ref. 34891], Lan et al. 2013:203 [ref. 32910], Zhang et al. 2016:98 [ref. 34477], Liu et al. 2018:[7] [ref. 35769] with authors Zhao & Zhang 2009). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus altishoulderus (Li & Lan 1992). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Downstream Hongshuihe River basin and Youjiang River, Guangxi Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

altivelis, Labeo Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1852:683 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1852; ref. 18539] Mozambique. Lectotype: ZMB 3284. Paralectotypes: NMW 16097 (1), ZMB 3283 (1), 3285 (1), 3286 (1). Also in Peters 1868:43, Pl. 8 [ref. 3440]. Lectotype selected by Reid 1985:87 [ref. 19189]. See also van Steenberge et al. 2016:6 [ref. 34374]. •Valid as Labeo altivelis Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:305 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:87 [ref. 19189], Skelton 1993:180 [ref. 24071], Tshibwabwa 1997:201 [ref. 24616], Skelton 2001:180 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:108 [ref. 31755], van Steenberge et al. 2016:3 [ref. 34374], Van Steenberge et al. 2016:[9] 272 [ref. 35045]). Current status: Valid as Labeo altivelis Peters 1852. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

altus, Amblyrhynchichthys Vaillant [L. L.] 1893:59 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 18; ref. 4485] Kapuas River, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1891-0355. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:51 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Kalimantania lawak (Bleeker 1855) -- (Roberts 1989:40 [ref. 6439], Ng & Kottelat 2004:425 [ref. 28033], Kottelat 2013:114 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Kalimantania lawak (Bleeker 1855). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

altus, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:119 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Chao Phya River, Thailand. Syntypes: (orig. at least 4) BMNH 1862.11.1.241 (1). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:11 [ref. 25088]. •Valid as Barbodes altus (Günther 1868) -- (Rainboth 1996:95 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:25 [ref. 23436]). •Valid as Barbonymus altus (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2001:40 [ref. 25780], Gante et al. 2008:1091 [ref. 29529], Kottelat 2013:80 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:522 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Barbonymus altus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Mekong, Chao Phraya basins, Xe Bangfai (Laos), Malaya (Malaysia). Habitat: freshwater.

altus, Barbus Pfeffer [G. J.] 1896:60 [Die Thierwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete v. 3; ref. 14617] Kingani River and Uniamwese, Tanzania. Lectotype: ZMH H472 [ex 8071]. Paralectotypes: ZMB 13686 (7) Kingani R., 14495 (1) Uniamwese. Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:157 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:402 [ref. 21161]. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:157 [ref. 19181]. •Synonym of Barbus zanzibaricus Peters 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:298 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius zanzibaricus (Peter 1868) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius zanzibaricus (Peters 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aluensis, Sinocyclocheilus Li [W.-X.], Xiao [H.], Feng [F.-X.] & Zhao [H.-L.] 2005:2, Fig. [Journal of Zhanjiang Ocean University v. 25 (no. 3); ref. 28653] Longtan, 24°20'N, 103°41'E, Luxi County, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: HRA 040811001. Paratypes: HRA 040811002-11 (10); YU 98071801-03 (3), 98071805-06 (2), 98071809-12 (3). •Synonym of Sinocyclocheilus angustiporus Zheng & Xie 1985 -- (Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522]). •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus aluensis Li, Xiao, Feng & Zhao 2005 -- (Zhao & Zhang 2013:374 [ref. 32187], Zhang et al. 2016:98 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus aluensis Li, Xiao, Feng & Zhao 2005. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

aluoiensis, Lissochilus Nguyen [H. D.] 1997:1 [English p. 4], Fig. 1 [Tap Chí Sinh Hoc (Journal of Biology) v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 24128] Upstream of Sê Kông River, Mekong River system, A Luoi district, Thua Thien, Hue Province, Vietnam, 16°15'32N, 107°13'31E, elevation 469 meters. Holotype: HNUE V1.1.21. Paratypes: 3 (Catalog number not given; same location as holotype). New species cited as Lissochilus aluoiensis Duc (not Nguyen) in original. [Full name of author is Nguyen, Huu Duc.] Latitude and Longitude differ in the abstract. •Valid as Poropuntius aluoiensis (Nguyen 1997) -- (Kottelat 2013:143 [ref. 32989], Endruweit 2014:146 [ref. 33205]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius aluoiensis (Nguyen 1997). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Hue Province, Selong River subbasin, central Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

alvarezi, Barbus Roman [B.] 1971:17, Fig. 38 [Publicaciones del Instituto de Biología Aplicada Barcelona v. 49 [1970]; ref. 7780] Bolo River, affluent of Kie River, 16 kilometers south of Ebebiyin, Republic of Equatorial Guinea. Holotype: MCSBCN. •Valid as Barbus alvarezi Roman 1971 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:224 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus brazzai Pellegrin 1901 -- (Kamdem Toham & Teugels 1997:45 [ref. 22814]). •Synonym of Enteromius brazzai (Pellegrin 1901) based on placement of brazzai. •Valid as Enteromius alvarezi (Roman 1971) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius brazzai (Pellegrin 1901). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

amanpoae, Barbus Lambert [J. G.] 1961:21, Pls. 2 (fig. 1), 4 (fig. 2) [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 93; ref. 9362] Amanpoa River, Ponthierville Territory, Congo. Holotype: MRAC 131373. Paratypes: MRAC 131374-77 (4). •Valid as Barbus amanpoae Lambert 1961 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:224 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius amanpoae (Lambert 1961) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius amanpoae (Lambert 1961). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

amara, Barbodes Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1924:295 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 24 (no. 3); ref. 2118] Dansalan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 9167 (presumed destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP (14) presumed destroyed. Additional material: (40). Appeared without description in Herre 1924:1569 [ref. 2120]. •Valid as Barbodes amarus Herre 1924 -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes amarus Herre 1924. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Lake Lano, Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

amarus, Cyprinus Koch [C. L.] 1840:39 [Animalia vertebrata. Fauna Ratisbonensis; ref. 18429] Regensburg, Germany. No types known. Cuvier p. 364 cited; perhaps the same as Cyprinus amarus Bloch and not a new description. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Cyprinus amarus Bloch 1782. •Synonym of Carassius gibelio (Bloch 1782) -- (Kottelat 1997:51 [ref. 22952] with question, Dyldin & Orlov 2016:657 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Carassius gibelio (Bloch 1782). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

amatolicus, Barbus Skelton [P. H.] 1990:189, Figs. 1-4 [South African Journal of Zoology. v. 25 (no. 3); ref. 16720] Isidenge River, tributary to Kubusi-Kei River system, on farm Isidenge Valley, about 32°40'S, 27°19'E, Cape Province, South Africa. Holotype: AMG 12622 [ex AMG P8666.8]. Paratypes: AMG 8451 (11 + 2 c&s), 8454 (21), 8458 (10), 8463 (20), 8666 (7), 12623 (3, c&s), 12624 (3, c&s). Plus other material. •Valid as Barbus amatolicus Skelton 1990 -- (Skelton 1993:134 [ref. 24071], Farm 2000:980 [ref. 25015], Skelton 2001:134 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Enteromius amatolicus (Skelton 1990) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius amatolicus (Skelton 1990). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

ambassis, Barbus Day [F.] 1869:583 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1868 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 21115] Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7553 (1, syntype), BMNH 1889.2.1.681-85 (5), NMW 53688-89 (1, 1), RMNH 2686 (1), ZMB 11125 (1), ZSI A.788 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:294 [ref. 25110]. •Synonym of Puntius guganio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:273 [ref. 20764], Ataur Rahman 2003:147 [ref. 31338]). •Valid as Puntius ambassis (Day 1869) -- (Menon 1999:85 [ref. 24904], Menon et al. 2000:267 [ref. 25168], Jameela Beevi & Ramachandran 2005:85 [ref. 28531], Bleher 2018:702 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Puntius ambassis (Day 1869). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

amblycephalus, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1855:166 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 16837] Rivers, Pengaron, southeastern Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (?): BMNH 1866.5.2.197. Bleeker specimen: BMNH 1866.5.2.197 (1), possible holotype. •Synonym of Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1942) -- (Kottelat 2013:80 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

amblyceps, Cyclocheilichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1937:187, Figs. 140-141 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Bangkok, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68133. Paratypes: ANSP 68134 (1). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:5 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:68 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys enoplos (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Cyclocheilos enoplos (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 2013:93 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilos enoplos (Bleeker 1849). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

amblyrhynchus, Puntius (Barbodes) Bleeker [P.] 1864:104, Pl. 144 (fig. 5) [Atlas ichthyologique des Indes Orientales Néêrlandaises v. 3; ref. 4859] Tjampea, Java, Indonesia. Holotype: BMNH 1866.5.2.188 (dry at one time). •Synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

amboseli, Barbus Banister [K. E.] 1980:145, Figs. 1-6 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 38 (no. 3); ref. 8749] Amboseli National Park, Kenya. Holotype: BMNH 1979.9.4.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1979.9.4.2-6 (5). •Valid as Barbus amboseli Banister 1980 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:224 [ref. 6186], Farm 2000:979 [ref. 25015]). •Synonym of Barbus apleurogramma Boulenger 1911 -- (Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). •Valid as Enteromius amboseli (Banister 1980) -- (Schmidt et al. 2018:571 [ref. 36148]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius amboseli (Banister 1980). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Middle Athi River drainage, southern Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

ambusticauda, Balantiocheilos Ng [H. H.] & Kottelat [M.] 2007:14, Figs. 1a, 2a, 3a [Zootaxa No. 1463; ref. 29118] Bung Borapet, Nakhon Sawan Province, Thailand. Holotype: MHNG 2689.096. Paratypes: ANSP 87831 (3), 87209 (2); MNHN 1847 (5), A-6333 (1); MHNG 2158.45 (3). •Valid as Balantiocheilos ambusticauda Ng & Kottelat 2007 -- (Kottelat 2013:74 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Balantiocheilos ambusticauda Ng & Kottelat 2007. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Lower and middle Mekong and Chao Phraya river drainages, southeastern Asia [possibly extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

americanus, Carassius auratus var. Wolf [H. T.] 1908:39, Fig. 6 [ ref. 34771] Domesticated goldfish. No types known. •Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

amguidensis, Barbus biscarensis Pellegrin [J.] 1934:56 [Mémories de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Afrique du Nord v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 19568] Amguid, Algeria. Lectotype: MNHN 1932-0034. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1931-0101 (1), 1932-0033 (1), 1932-0035 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:39 [ref. 19574] as amguibensis. Lectotype selected by Almaça 1969:1134 [ref. 20712]. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:236 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Luciobarbus amguidensis (Pellegrin 1934) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus amguidensis (Pellegrin 1934). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Algeria. Habitat: freshwater.

amir, Scaphiodon Heckel [J. J.] 1847:258 [Reisen in Europa, Asien und Africa v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 2068] Araxes River, Iran. Syntypes: NMW 16508 (1, dry), 46081 (6); RMNH 2682 [ex NMW] (1). •Synonym of Capoeta damascina (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Coad 1991:15 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:14 [ref. 23608], Esmaeili et al. 2010:368 [ref. 33391]). •Synonym of Capoeta saadii (Heckel 1847) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:868 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2015:120 [ref. 35030], Esmaeili et al. 2017:40 [ref. 35254], Zareian & Esmaeili 2017:253 [ref. 36090]). Current status: Synonym of Capoeta saadii (Heckel 1847). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

amirhosseini, Garra Esmaeili [H. R.], Sayyadzadeh [G.], Coad [B. W.] & Eagderi [S.] 2016:87, Figs. 2-10 [Iranian Journal of Ichthyology v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 34620] Sartang-e-Bijar hot spring at Mehran, TigrisRiver drainage, Ilam Province, Iran, 33°46'16.3''N, 45°56'17.2''E. Holotype: ZM-CBSU H1216. Paratypes: ZM-CBSU. •Valid as Garra amirhosseini Esmaeili, Sayyadzadeh, Coad & Eagderi 2016 -- (Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805], Esmaeili et al. 2017:46 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Garra amirhosseini Esmaeili, Sayyadzadeh, Coad & Eagderi 2016. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Tigris River drainage, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

ampalong, Capoeta Bleeker [P.] 1852:594 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 334] Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ?RMNH 4968. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.112 (1). •Valid as Hampala ampalong (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:35 [ref. 23448], Doi & Taki 1994:405 [ref. 21214], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832]). Current status: Valid as Hampala ampalong (Bleeker 1852). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Sumatra and western Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

amphibia, Capoeta Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:282, Pl. 478 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Bombay [probably presidency and not Mumbai proper], India. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-0073. Paralectotypes: MNHN 2005-0006 [ex MNHN 0000-0073] (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:26 [ref. 19574]. Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:150 [ref. 28275] established the lectotype. See also Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:150 [ref. 28275] for locality information and comments on validity. •Valid as Barbus (Puntius) amphibius (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Guibé & Spillmann 1958:463 [ref. 26589] with authors as Cuvier & Valenciennes). •Valid as Puntius amphibius (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:91 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:257 [ref. 20764], Indra 1993:183 [ref. 24009], Indra 1994:414 [ref. 24015], Rema Devi et al. 1996:133 [ref. 24021], Zacharias et al. 1996:40 [ref. 25526], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:152 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:169 [ref. 24760], Rema Devi et al. 1999:156 [ref. 24758], Menon 1999:85 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Arunachalam et al. 2001:128 [ref. 25692], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359], Yadav 2003:11 [ref. 27711], Kullander & Fang 2005:297 [ref. 28193], Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:150 [ref. 28275] but with question, Silva et al. 2008:55 [ref. 29719] as not occurring in Sri Lanka, Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:209 [ref. 29986], Kumar et al. 2012:32 [ref. 31807], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:73 [ref. 32071], Plamoottil 2016:5 [ref. 34781] as ampibius, Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:704 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Puntius amphibius (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western Ghats, India. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

amphigramma, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:53, Pl. 5 (fig. 4) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 11 (no. 61) (art. 3); ref. 15013] Nairobi River, Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, elevation 6500 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.11.8.24-26 (3). Species name a noun in apposition, therefore correct as amphigramma. •Valid as Barbus amphigramma Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:224 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus paludinosus Peters 1852 -- (Seegers 1996:129 [ref. 23725], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •See De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:153 [ref. 20130]. •Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). •Valid as Enteromius amphigramma (Boulenger 1903) -- (Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

analimaculatus, Barbus Schreitmüller [W.] 1929:433 [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 26 (no. 29); ref. 33636] Japan (?) -- probably in error, possibly Vietnam. No types known. ▌Mentioned as analipunctatus in Schreitmüller 1936:93 [ref. 33637], a writing error. •Mentioned as Barbus analimaculatus Schreitmüller 1929. Current status: Uncertain as Barbus analimaculatus Schreitmüller 1929. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

analipunktatus, Barbus Schreitmüller [W.] 1936:93 [Nachrichtenblatt für Aquarien- und Terrarien-Vereine 1936 (Nr. 8); ref. 33637] Hinterindien (aquarium import Paris). No types known. Status unknown. Also seen as Barbus analipunctatus. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

anamisensis, Capoeta Zareian [H.], Esmaeili [H. R.] & Freyhof [J.] 2016:133, Figs. 3-5, 6a, 7a and 8 [Zootaxa 4083 (no. 1); ref. 34227] Moradabad River at Ziarat Ali, Minab River drainage, Hormuzgan Province, Iran, 27°45'47.6"N, 57°14'31.8"E. Holotype: ZM-CBSU Z131. Paratypes: FSJF, ZM-CBSU. •Valid as Capoeta anamisensis Zareian, Esmaeili & Freyhof 2016 -- (Esmaeili et al. 2016:42 [ref. 34283], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2016:169 [ref. 34989], Esmaeili et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:18 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta anamisensis Zareian, Esmaeili & Freyhof 2016. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Minab and Hasan Langi River drainages, Makran, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

anatirostris, Sinocyclocheilus Lin [R.-D.] & Luo [Z.-F.] 1986:380, Fig. 1 [Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica v. 10 (no. 4); ref. 16251] In caves, branches of Bailang subterraqnean River, Ling-Yün, Guangxi, China, about 24°45'N, 106°30'E. Syntypes: Inst. Hydrobiol., Acad. Sinica 83 III221-22 (1, 1), 84 VII223-26 (4). •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus anatirostris Lin & Luo 1986 -- (Chen & Yang 1993:123 [ref. 24946], Zhu 1995:54 [ref. 25213], Chen et al. 1997:220 [ref. 23733], Zhou & Li 1998:141 [ref. 28158], Kottelat & Bréhier 1999:356 [ref. 24929], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:80 [ref. 25272], Zhang & Zhao 2001:105 [ref. 25250], Romero & Paulson 2001:18 [ref. 26040], Li et al. 2003:81 [ref. 28167], Zhou et al. 2004:591, 594 [ref. 27905], Proudlove 2006:70 [ref. 28992], Zhao & Zhang 2006:773 [ref. 31176], Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522], Zhao et al. 2011:1550 [ref. 31493], Liang et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31561], Zheng et al. 2012:x [ref. 32676], Ma & Zhao 2012:109 [ref. 34891], Lan et al. 2013:223 [ref. 32910], Chen et al. 2016:7 [ref. 34372], Zhang et al. 2016:98 [ref. 34477], Liu et al. 2018:[7] [ref. 35769] with authors and date as Zhao & Zhang 2009). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus anatirostris Lin & Luo 1986. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Caves in Guangxi Province, downstream Hongshuihe River basin, Lingyun and Leye counties, China. Habitat: freshwater.

anatolicus, Barbus Turan [D.], Kaya [C.], Geiger [M. F.] & Freyhof [J.] 2018:542, Figs. 2-4, 5a, 6a, 7 [Zootaxa 4461 (no. 4); ref. 36092] Kızılırmak River at Kesikköprü, Kırşehir province, Turkey, 38°57'39''N, 34°11'57''E. Holotype: FFR 08811. Paratypes: FFR, FSJF. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Barbus anatolicus Turan, Kaya, Geiger & Freyhof 2018 -- (Çiçek et al. 2018:4 [ref. 36267], Levin et al. 2019:42 [ref. 36643]). Current status: Valid as Barbus anatolicus Turan, Kaya, Geiger & Freyhof 2018. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southern Black Sea basin: Kızılırmak and Yeşilırmak River drainages, Turkey. Habitat: freshwater.

anatolicus, Cyprinus carpio Hankó [B.] 1925:150, Pl. 3 (fig. 10) [Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici v. 21 (for 29 Dec. 1924); ref. 2035] Pursak [Porsuk] River and Eski-Chehir and Kötschke-Kissik, Turkey. Syntypes: (6) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:57 [ref. 22952], Barus et al. in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:86 [ref. 25856], Kottelat 2013:94 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

anchisporus, Barbus Vaillant [L. L.] 1902:96, Fig. 72 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (note 1); ref. 4490] Kapuas River, Borneo, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 7732. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1903-0193 (1); RMNH 12241 [ex RMNH 7732] (5). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:30 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Alfred 1963:138 [ref 28886]. •Valid as Puntius anchisporus (Vaillant 1902) -- (Roberts 1989:60 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 1992:187 [ref. 16750], Kottelat et al. 1993:42 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:153 [ref. 28284], Kottelat & Tan 2011:213 [ref. 31694]). •Valid as Systomus anchisporus (Vaillant 1902) -- (Kottelat & Tan 2011:213 [ref. 31694], Tan 2012:288 [ref. 32058]). •Valid as Puntigrus anchisporus (Vaillant 1902) -- (Kottelat 2013:147 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Puntigrus anchisporus (Vaillant 1902). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

andrewi, Barbus Barnard [K. H.] 1937:305 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 19 (no. 110); ref. 17314] Berg River, southwestern Cape, South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1901.2.11.9 [ex SAM]. •Valid as Barbus andrewi Barnard 1937 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:225 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:165 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:165 [ref. 27406], Chakona & Swartz 2013:576 [ref. 32786]). •Synonym of Pseudobarbus capensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:21 [ref. 34168]). •Synonym of Cheilobarbus capensis (Smith 1841) -- (Skelton et al. 2018:22 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilobarbus capensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

andrewi, Oreichthys Knight [J. D. M.] 2014:5358, Figs. 1, 2A [Journal of Threatened Taxa v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 33151] River Dibru at Guijan Gnat, Tinsukia District, Assam, India, 27.579°N, 95.329°E. Holotype (unique): ZSI/SRC F 8755. •Valid as Oreichthys andrewi Knight 2014 -- (Knight & Kumar 2015:166 [ref. 33663], Bleher 2018:624 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Oreichthys andrewi Knight 2014. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Upper Brahmaputra basin, Assam, India. Habitat: freshwater.

andruzzii, Phreatichthys Vinciguerra [D.] 1924:240 [2], Figured [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 51; ref. 4523] A spring near Bud-Bud, 4°11.5'N, 46°30'E [actual 4°11'19"N, 46°28'21"E], Uaesle, Somalia. Syntypes: MSNG 18259 (orig. 6, now 4); MSNM 31 [ex MSNM 4318] (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:185 [ref. 10343], Conci & Michelangeli 1974:225 [ref. 21560]. On p. 2 of separate. •Valid as Phreatichthys andruzzii Vinciguerra 1924 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:330 [ref. 6186], Poll & Gosse 1995:161 [ref. 24781] as andruzii, Romero & Paulson 2001:17 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:59 [ref. 28992]). •Valid as Garra andruzzii (Vinciguerra 1924). Current status: Valid as Garra andruzzii (Vinciguerra 1924). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Somalia. Habitat: freshwater.

anema, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:533 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 12 (no. 71) (art. 52); ref. 15019] Nile River between Assuan and Luxor, White Nile, Egypt. Syntypes: BMNH 1907.12.2.1336-37 (2) Luxor, 1907.12.2.1238-43 (6) Fashoda, 1907.12.2.1244-49 (6), 1907.12.2.1250-52 (3), 1907.12.2.1253-54 (2) Gondokoro; MNHN 1907-0200 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:30-31 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus anema Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:225 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque 1989:169 [ref. 12829], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:329 [ref. 21589], Farm 2000:979 [ref. 25015]). •Synonym of Barbus macrops Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque 1990:42 [ref. 19786]). •Valid as Enteromius anema (Boulenger 1903) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Neumann et al. 2016:304 [ref. 35036], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius anema (Boulenger 1903). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

angorae, Varicorhinus capoeta Hankó [B.] 1925:147, Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici v. 21 (for 29 Dec. 1924); ref. 2035] Bozanti, Asia Minor. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Capoeta angorae (Hankó 1925) -- (Turan et al. 2006:152 [ref. 28700], Fricke et al. 2007:34 [ref. 29533], Özuluğ & Freyhof 2008:293 [ref. 29981], Schöter et al. 2009:235 [ref. 30707], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Çiçek et al. 2015:143 [ref. 35151], Zareian et al. 2016:72 [ref. 34282]). •Synonym of Capoeta damascina (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Alwan et al. 2016:17 [ref. 35686]). Current status: Synonym of Capoeta damascina (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

angra, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:331, 391 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Brahmaputra River, India. No types known. •Valid as Labeo angra (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:35 [ref. 15970], Coad 1981:11 [ref. 22348], Ataur Rahman 1989:117 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:198 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Menon 1999:125 [ref. 24904], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:30 [ref. 25342], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Mirza 2003:6 [ref. 27265], Ataur Rahman 2003:134 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:67 [ref. 29923], Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872], Kottelat 2013:114 [ref. 32989], Bleher 2018:574 [ref. 36647]) Current status: Valid as Labeo angra (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Ganges and Brahmaputra River basins, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

angreni, Schizothorax intermedius Turdakov [F. A.] 1968:40 [Kyrgyz SSR Ilimder Akademijasynyn kabarlary = Izvestia Akademii Nauk Kirgizskoj SSR. Serija biologiceskich nauk. 1968; ref. 7928] Angren River, Uzbekistan. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Habitat: freshwater.

angularis, Sinocyclocheilus Zheng [J.] & Wang [J.] 1990:251 [254], Figs. 1-3 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 15 (no. 2); ref. 20191] Karst cave in Panxian County, 25°26'N, 104°45'E, Guizhou, China, elevation 1540 meters. Holotype: ZMC 860215. Paratypes: IHASW 860219 [12209032] (1); ZMC 860214 (1). English description on p. 254. •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus angularis Zheng & Wang 1990 -- (Chen & Yang 1993:123 [ref. 24946], Zhu 1995:546 [ref. 25213], Wang & Liao 1997:1 [ref. 28149], Zhou & Li 1998:141 [ref. 28158], Kottelat & Bréhier 1999:356 [ref. 24929], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:81 [ref. 25272], Zhang & Zhao 2001:105 [ref. 25250], Romero & Paulson 2001:18 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:74 [ref. 28992], Zhao & Zhang 2006:773 [ref. 31176], Li et al. 2007:2 [ref. 29378], Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522], Zhao et al. 2011:1551 [ref. 31493], Zhu & Zhu 2012:226 [ref. 31831], Zhang et al. 2016:99 [ref. 34477], Liu et al. 2018:[7] [ref. 35769]). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus angularis Zheng & Wang 1990. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Upstream Hongshuihe River basin, Guizhou Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

angulatus, Cyprinus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1013 [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] No description, not available; from Hungary. •In the synonymy of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:57 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2013:94 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

angulostoma, Garra Mai [D. Y.] 1978:59, Fig. 24 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Fast-running creeks in northern Vietnam. Holotype (unique): DVZUT (lost). Mai's spelling of this species was angulostoma (3 places). •Synonym of Garra caudofasciata (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Kottelat 2001:24 [ref. 25482] wrongly as angulostomata on pp. 15, 24 and 81, Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780] with question). •Synonym of Placocheilus caudofasciatus (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Zheng et al. 2002:210 [ref. 27464], Kottelat 2013:142 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Garra caudofasciatus (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

angustatus, Barbus Kamensky [S. N.] 1899:88 [German p. 153] [Die Cypriniden der Kaukasusländer und ihrer angrenzenden Meere; ref. 14707] Kura River near Borzhom, Caucasus. Holotype: ZIN 10416 (1 of 2, 167 mm). •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843, subspecies cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Berg 1949:694 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:251 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Khaefi et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35344]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

angustiporus, Sinocyclocheilus Zheng [C.-Y.] & Xie [J.-H.] 1985:123 [English p. 126], Fig. 1 [Transactions of the Chinese Ichthyological Society No. 4; ref. 20913] Mabie River, Xingyi city (ca. 25°05'N, 104°53'E), Guizhou Province, China. Holotype: IHASW 12209016-81-X-2001. Paratypes: 81-X-2002 to 2013 (12) in Dept. Biol., Yinan Univ., Guizhou College of Pedagogy, and IHASW. •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus angustiporus Zheng & Xie 1985 -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:171 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:53 [ref. 25213], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:73 [ref. 25272], Li et al. 2005:2 [ref. 28653], Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522] in error, Zhao & Zhang 2006:773 [ref. 31176], Zhao et al. 2011:1551 [ref. 31493], Ma & Zhao 2012:109 [ref. 34891], Pan et al. 2013:368 [ref. 32821], Cheng et al. 2015:36 [ref. 34631], Zhang et al. 2016:99 [ref. 34477], Li et al. 2019:63 [ref. 36488]). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus angustiporus Zheng & Xie 1985. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Guizhou and Yunnan provinces, China. Habitat: freshwater.

angustistomatus, Varicorhinus Fang [P.-W.] 1940:139 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 65; ref. 13122] Sui-Fou, Szechuan, China. Syntypes: MNHN 1940-0138 (1), NRIBAS M.1690 (1), M. 1776-1778 (? now 2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:48 [ref. 19574]. The species name angustistomatus is an adjective; it is spelled angustistomatum when in Onychostoma. •Valid as Varicorhinus angustistomatus Fang 1940 -- (Wu et al. 1977:313 [ref. 4807]). •Valid as Onychostoma angustistomatum (Fang 1940) (often seen as angustistomata) -- (Bănărescu 1971:245 [ref. 7666], Ding 1994:334 [ref. 21531], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:139 [ref. 25272], Tang et al. 2001:13 [ref. 25373], Xin et al. 2009:261 [ref. 30708], Hoang et al. 2015:123 [ref. 33811], Zhang et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34477], Song et al. 2018:160 [ref. 35890]). Current status: Valid as Onychostoma angustistomatum (Fang 1940). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

angustus, Poropuntius Kottelat [M.] 2000:46, Fig. 14 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 25040] Houay Houn, about 3 kilometers upstream of Ban Houay Lek, in gorges, about 20°32'32"N, 102°40'51"E, Louangphabang Province, Laos. Holotype: ZRC 45308. Paratypes: CMK 14016 (1), 14225 (8), 14334 (2); LARRI uncat. (2); NRM 44886 (2), ZRC 45309 (2). •Valid as Poropuntius angustus Kottelat 2000 -- (Kottelat 2001:69 [ref. 25780]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius angustus Kottelat 2000. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

anisolepida, Schizothorax eurystomus var. Kessler [K. F.] 1872:54 [10], Pl. 8 (figs. 13-15) [Izvestiia Imperatorskago Obschchestva Liubitelei Estestvozaniia, Antropologii i Etnografii v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 14134] Urgut River, Uzbekistan. Holotype (unique): ZIN 4019. On p. 10 of separate. As Schizothorax anisolepidus in plate caption. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Habitat: freshwater.

anisurus, Gobio McClelland [J.] 1839:278, 360, Pl. 40 (fig. 2) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Higher parts of Brahmaputra, India. No types known. •Synonym of Labeo bata (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:115 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo bata (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

anjac, Oreinus Fowler [H. W.] & Steinitz [H.] 1956:267, Figs. 17-21 [Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel v. 5B (no. 3-4); ref. 1478] Zabol, 31°02'N, 61°30'E, eastern Iran. Holotype (unique): ANSP 71949. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:68 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Oreinus najac Fowler & Steinitz 1956 -- (Coad 1981:12 [ref. 22348]). •Synonym of Schizothorax zarudnyi (Nikolskii 1897) -- (Coad 1995:20 [ref. 23608], Esmaeili et al. 2010:371 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:880 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:57 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:38 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Synonym of Schizothorax zarudnyi (Nikolskii 1897). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Habitat: freshwater.

annacarolina, Cyprinus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:492, 544, Pl. 18 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] No locality. No types known. Based on a painting at MNHN. Originally anna-carolina. Kottela 2006:30 gave precedence to C. rubriofuscus, •Synonym of Cyprinus rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803 -- (Kottelat 2006:30 [ref. 28831], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:321 [ref. 30085], Kottelat 2013:96 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

annamensis, Barbus (Puntius) Pellegrin [J.] & Chevey [P.] 1936:225, Fig. 3 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 61; ref. 13735] Hang Giang, China Sea slope, Annam, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1935-0337. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:41 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Lissochilus annamensis (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Mai 1978:95 [ref. 13511], Nguyen 1997:4 [ref. 24128]). •Valid as Hypsibarbus annamensis (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Rainboth 1996:55 [ref. 22681], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:112 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hypsibarbus annamensis (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

annandalei, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1924:87, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 76; ref. 15446] Sutlej River near Ludhiana, India. Holotype (unique): MCZ 18655. •Synonym of Puntius sophore (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:288 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:101 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:149 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Puntius sophore (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

annandalei, Diptychus Regan [C. T.] 1907:157 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 1; ref. 12987] Pharping, Nepal. Syntypes: BMNH 1907.2.23.3 (1), ZSI F1551/1 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:108 [ref. 20743]. •Valid as Schizothoraichthys annandalei (Regan 1907) -- (Shrestha 1978:37 [ref. 15970]). •Synonym of Oreinus richardsonii (Gray 1832) -- (Menon 1999:107 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Schizothorax richardsonii (Gray 1832) -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Schizothorax richardsonii (Gray 1832). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Habitat: freshwater.

annandalei, Garra Hora [S. L.] 1921:657 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 22 (pt 5, no. 29); ref. 15314] Assam, and various streams at the base of the Darjiling [Darjeeling] Himalayas, West Bengal, India. Syntypes: ZSI F10104/1 (5). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:109 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:357 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Garra annandalei Hora 1921 -- (Shrestha 1978:35 [ref. 15970], Vishwanath & Sarojnalini 1988:125 [ref. 16290], Ataur Rahman 1989:142 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:419 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:535 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:142 [ref. 24904], Kundu 2000:96 [ref. 25663], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662], Ataur Rahman 2003:161 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:118 [ref. 29923], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2354 [ref. 31816], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715], Tamang 2013:39 [ref. 32803], Gurung et al. 2013:4883 [ref. 32969], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Thoni et al. 2016:116 [ref. 34747], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Rayamajhi & Arunachalam 2017:406 [ref. 35691], Moyon & Arunkumar 2018:112 [ref. 36388], Bleher 2018:468 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Garra annandalei Hora 1921. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River basin, India and Nepal. Habitat: freshwater.

annectens, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1917:554 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 6); ref. 15119] Sabi River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM (missing). •Valid as Barbus annectens Gilchrist & Thompson 1917 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:225 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:136 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:136 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:80 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius annectens (Gilchrist & Thompson 1917) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius annectens (Gilchrist & Thompson 1917). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa: Zambezi to KwaZulu-Natal. Habitat: freshwater.

annectens, Labeo Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:23, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1903, v. 1 (pt 1) (art. 3); ref. 570] Near Efulen [Efoulen], Camopo River trib to Kribi River, southern Cameroon. Lectotype: BMNH 1902.11.12.137. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1902.11.12.138 (1). Lectotype selected by Reid 1985:243 [ref. 19189]. •Questionably a synonym of Labeo parvus Boulenger 1902 -- (Reid 1985:240 [ref. 19189]). •Valid as Labeo annectens Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:305 [ref. 6186], Tshibwabwa 1997:114 [ref. 24616], Tshibwabwa 1997:417 [ref. 24617], Tshibwabwa et al. 2006:33 [ref. 28698], De Weirdt et al. 2007:553 [ref. 30024], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeo annectens Boulenger 1903. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Western central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

anniae, Barbus Lévêque [C.] 1983:97, Figs. 1-2 [Cybium 3e série. Bulletin de la Société Française d'Ichtyologie v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 8315] Affluent of Koumba River, Guinea. Holotype: MNHN 1982-1003. Paratypes: MNHN 1982-1004 to 06 (2, 11, 290), MRAC 82-15-P-486-492 (7). •Valid as Barbus anniae Lévêque 1983 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:225 [ref. 6186], Lévêque et al. 1987:172 [ref. 16249], Lévêque et al. 1989:116 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:333 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Enteromius anniae (Lévêque 1983) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius anniae (Lévêque 1983). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

anophthalmus, Sinocyclocheilus Chen [Y.-Y.], Chu [X.-L.], Luo [Z.-Y.] & Wu [J.-Y.] 1988:64 [English p. 70], Fig. 1 [Acta Zoologica Sinica v. 34 (no. 1); ref. 16228] Subterranean river at Yiliang County cave, 25°24'N, 103°27'E [25°03'N, 103°23'E], Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: KIZ 865949. Paratypes: KIZ (7). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:347 [ref. 32939]. •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus anophthalmus Chen, Chu, Luo & Wu 1988 -- (Chen & Yang 1993:123 [ref. 24946], Zhu 1995:54 [ref. 25213], Chen et al. 1997:220 [ref. 23733], Yue & Chen 1998:107 [ref. 26415] as anophthalmua, Zhou & Li 1998:141 [ref. 28158], Kottelat & Bréhier 1999:356 [ref. 24929], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:75 [ref. 25272], Zhang & Zhao 2001:105 [ref. 25250], Romero & Paulson 2001:18 [ref. 26040], Zhou et al. 2004:591, 594 [ref. 27905], Lan et al. 2004:379 [ref. 27903], Proudlove 2006:71 [ref. 28992], Zhao & Zhang 2006:773 [ref. 31176], Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522], Zhao et al. 2011:1551 [ref. 31493], Zheng et al. 2012:x [ref. 32676], Ma & Zhao 2012:109 [ref. 34891] with authors as Chen & Chu, Zhang et al. 2016:99 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus anophthalmus Chen, Chu, Luo & Wu 1988. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

anoplus, Barbus Weber [M.] 1897:151 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 10; ref. 14640] Cape Colony, South Africa. Lectotype: ZMA 100995. Paralectotypes: FMNH 52397 [CM 653] (3) Buffels River. near Laingsburg; SMF 22487 [old no. 685, ex ZMA] (2); ZMA 100995a (148), 101348-49 (9, 11). Type catalog: Matthes 1964:179 [ref. 19237], Nijssen et al. 1982:26 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:15 [ref. 12367]. Lectotype selected by Matthes 1964:179 [ref. 19237]. •Valid as Barbus anoplus Weber 1897 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:226 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1990:191 [ref. 16720], Skelton 1993:132 [ref. 24071], Farm 2000:980 [ref. 25015], Skelton 2001:132 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Enteromius anoplus (Weber 1897) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius anoplus (Weber 1897). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

anshuiensis, Sinocyclocheilus Gan [X.], Wu [T.-J.], Wei [M.-L.] & Yang [J.] 2013:460, Figs. 1-2 [Zoological Research v. 34 (no. 5); ref. 32904] Luolou town, Lingyun County, Guangxi, China, 24°22'12.05"N, 106°44'55.34"W. Holotype: KIZ 12070276. Paratypes: KIZ (4). •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus anshuiensis Gan, Wu, Wei & Yang 2013 -- (Chen et al. 2016:7 [ref. 34372], Zhang et al. 2016:99 [ref. 34477], Liu et al. 2018:[7] [ref. 35769]). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus anshuiensis Gan, Wu, Wei & Yang 2013. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Downstream Hongshuihe River basin, Guangxi, China. Habitat: freshwater.

ansorgii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1904:16 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 14 (no. 79) (art. 3); ref. 572] Luache River at Bange Ngola, Angola. Syntypes: BMNH 1904.5.2.167-168 (2). •Valid as Barbus ansorgii Boulenger 1904 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:226 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius ansorgii (Boulenger 1904) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius ansorgii (Boulenger 1904). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

ansorgii, Labeo Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:108 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 20 (no. 116) (art. 19); ref. 15136] Shallow swamps at Dongwenna [Dongoena], Cunene [Kunene] River, Mossamedes District, southern Angola. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1907.6.29.210. Non-types: ZMB 18210. •Valid as Labeo ansorgii Boulenger 1907 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:306 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:209 [ref. 19189], Skelton 1993:186 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:186 [ref. 27406], Kramer et al. 2016:unnumbered p. [ref. 34331], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeo ansorgii Boulenger 1907. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola and Namibia. Habitat: freshwater.

ansorgii, Varicorhinus Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:111 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 97) (art. 16); ref. 15647] Junction of the Cambo and Kwango [or Cuango] rivers at Fort Don Carlos, Loanda District, Angola (±7°42'S, 17°17'E). Holotype (unique): BMNH 1904.5.2.161. •Valid as Varicorhinus ansorgii Boulenger 1906 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:337 [ref. 6186], Getahun et al. 2004:159 [ref. 27830]). •Valid as Labeobarbus ansorgii (Boulenger 1906) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus ansorgii (Boulenger 1906). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Cuango River (Angola). Habitat: freshwater.

antalyensis, Varicorhinus Battalgil [F.] 1944:132, Fig. 4 [Revue de la Faculté des Sciences de l'Université d'Instanbul, Série B: Sciences Naturelles v. 9 (no. 2) (for 1943); ref. 13160] Antalya, southwestern Turkey. •Valid as Capoeta antalyensis (Battalgil 1944) -- (Turan et al. 2006:153 [ref. 28700], Turan et al. 2006:434 [ref. 28752], Fricke et al. 2007:34 [ref. 29533], Özuluğ & Freyhof 2008:293 [ref. 29981], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Çiçek et al. 2015:143 [ref. 35151], Zareian et al. 2016:72 [ref. 34282], Turan et al. 2017:437 [ref. 35330], Çiçek et al. 2018:3 [ref. 36267], Elp et al. 2018:103 [ref. 35851]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta antalyensis (Battalgil 1944). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Turkey: Mediterranean tributaries, Antalya Province. Habitat: freshwater.

anteroventris, Schizopygopsis Wu [Y.-F.] & Wu [C.-Z.] in Li 1989:82, Fig. 27 [Economic fauna of Qinghai Province; ref. 26601] Za-qu River [upper reaches of Lancangjiang (Mekong River)], Nangqen County [= Nangqian], Qinghai Province, China. Syntypes: (20) NPIB? 517-24, 1898-1904, 72141-44, 72161-70, 72211-16, 73VIIl517-524. Original description mentions 20 specimens from a single locality, but Wu & Wu 1992 [ref. 21205] list specimens from two localities. Kottelat (2013) credits authorship to Wu & Wu 1989. •Valid as Schizopygopsis anteroventris Wu & Wu 1989 -- (Zhang et al. 1995:110 [ref. 22734] as anteriventris, Zhu 1995:548 [ref. 25213], Kottelat 2013:160 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:120 [ref. 34477], Tang et al. 2019:10 [ref. 36511]). Current status: Valid as Schizopygopsis anteroventris Wu & Wu 1989. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Distribution: Qinghai Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

antethoracalis, Discogobio Zheng [L.] & Zhou [W.] 2008:257, Figs. 2, 3A [Environmental Biology of Fishes v. 81; ref. 29027] Gaji, 23°09'13"N, 104°27'23"E, from Panlonghe (a small branch of the Red River), Xichou County, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: SWFC 0111034. Paratypes: SWFC 0111030-33 (4), 0111105-06 (2), 0111108 (1). •Valid as Discogobio antethoracalis Zheng & Zhou 2008 -- (Kottelat 2013:100 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:109 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Discogobio antethoracalis Zheng & Zhou 2008. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Red River basin, Wenshan, Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

antinorii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:112, Fig. 89 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Oasis of Nefzana, Tunisia. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.10.19.7 (1); MSNG 17345 (now many), 17346 (5). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:184 [ref. 10343]. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:235 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Luciobarbus antinorii (Boulenger 1911) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus antinorii (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aphantogramma, Barbus Regan [C. T.] 1920:105 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 6 (no. 31); ref. 3670] Morogoro, Tanzania. Syntypes: BMNH 1920.3.8.24-32 (10). Species name a noun in apposition, therefore correct as aphantogramma. •Synonym of Barbus apleurogramma Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:227 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911) based on placement of apleurogramma. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

apleurogramma, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:144, Fig. 120 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Kavirondo, Kisumu Bay, Kenya, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1909.11.15.12. Species name a noun in apposition, therefore correct as apleurogramma. •Valid as Barbus apleurogramma Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:226 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1990:41 [ref. 19786], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:150 [ref. 20130], Seegers 1996:95, 375 [ref. 23725], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus', Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus', Kullander & Roberts 2012:360 [ref. 31751] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Schmidt et al. 2018:571 [ref. 36148]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

apoensis, Barbus Banister [K. E.] & Clarke [M. A.] 1977:113, Fig. 1 [Journal Oman Studies (Special Report); ref. 7232] Permanent stream near Khamis Mushyat, 18°17'N, 42°34'E, Saudi Arabia. Holotype: BMNH 1976.4.7.166. Paratypes: BMNH 1971.2.11.1-2 (2), 1976.4.7.167-171 (5), 1976.4.7.172-175 (4). •Valid as Barbus apoensis Banister & Clarke 1977 -- (Alkahem & Behnke 1983:550 [ref. 8384], Krupp 1983:579 [ref. 8320], Krupp 1985:22 [ref. 11626], Coad 1996:84 [ref. 25304]). •Valid as Carasobarbus apoensis (Banister & Clarke 1977) -- (Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:93 [ref. 26519] dated 1975, Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:7 [ref. 32915], Mohamed et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35027], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158]). Current status: Valid as Carasobarbus apoensis (Banister & Clarke 1977). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Saudi Arabia. Habitat: freshwater.

apogon, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:392 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: ?RMNH 2509 (1), 2446 (2), 2103 (1), 1735 (1), 1736 (1). •Valid as Puntias apogon (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Shrestha 1978:36 [ref. 15970]). •Valid as Anematichthys apogon (Valenciennes 1842)-- (Pasco-veil et al.1912:52 [ref. 32355]). •Valid as Cyclocheilichthys apogon (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439], Lim et al. 1990:39 [ref. 16753], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:176 [ref. 20764], Roberts 1993:15 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:34 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:229 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:87 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Ng & Tan 1999:353 [ref. 24159], Freyhof et al. 2000:94 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25780], Tan & Lim 2004:108 [ref. 27716], Grinang & Lim 2004:288 [ref. 28551], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:149 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:180 [ref. 28285], Cervancia & Kottelat 2007:145 [ref. 29034], Shrestha 2008:62 [ref. 29923], Schäfer 2009:204 [ref. 30705], Pasco-Viel et al. 1913:483 [ref. 32659], Kottelat 2013:479 [ref. 32660], Kottelat 2013:91 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971], Sulaiman et al. 2018:27 [ref. 35802], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:598 [ref. 36226], Ng et al. 2019:522 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Cyclocheilichthys apogon (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

apogon, Discognathus Norman [J. R.] 1925:570 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 15 (no. 89) (art. 64); ref. 6493] Ngoi-Tio, [Lao Chi Province] "cau Col des Nuages, Tonkin", Vietnam, elevation 4500-6500 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1925.2.19.1-4 (4). •Synonym of Ageneiogarra imberba (Vinciguerra 1890) -- (Mai 1978:51 [ref. 13511]). •Valid as Garra apogon (Norman 1925) -- (Kottelat 1998:34 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:23 [ref. 25482], Li et al. 2008:62 [ref. 29588], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra apogon (Norman 1925). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Red River basin, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

apogonoides, Systomus Bleeker [P.] 1855:410 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 16848] Jakarta, Bekassi, Kampong Duwa, Surabaja, Pauruan, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes and/or Bleeker specimens: (36) BMNH 1866.5.2.144 (1), RMNH 10837 [ex RMNH 7028] (16 types), MNHN 0000-3845 (2), NMV 46095 (1), SMNS 10593 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:41 [ref. 19574], Fricke 1991:13 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:34 [ref. 29864]. Original as apogonoïdes. •Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys apogon (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2013:92 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys apogon (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

apogonostomatus, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1913:240 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 38; ref. 3428] Kikoulo River, French Guinea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1913-0240. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:33 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus apogonostomatus Pellegrin 1913 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:227 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus salessei Pellegrin 1908 -- (Lévêque 1989:168 [ref. 12829], Lévêque et al. 1989:117 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:325 [ref. 21589] Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Enteromius salessei (Pellegrin 1908) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius salessei (Pellegrin 1908). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aquihornes, Sinocyclocheilus Li [W.-X.] & Yang [H.-F.] in Li et al. 2007:1, Fig. 1 [Journal of Zhanjiang Ocean University v. 27 (no. 4); ref. 29378] Cave in Qiubei County, 24°30'N, 104°03'E [24°02'N, 104°11'E], Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: HRS 060512001. •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus aquihornes Li & Yang 2007 -- (Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522], Zhao et al. 2011:1551 [ref. 31493], Zheng et al. 2012:x [ref. 32676], Ma & Zhao 2012:109 [ref. 34891], Zhang et al. 2016:99 [ref. 34477], Yang et al. 2017:59 [ref. 35740], Liu et al. 2018:[7] [ref. 35769]). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus aquihornes Li & Yang 2007. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Upstream Hongshuihe River basin, Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

arabica, Garra Hora [S. L.] 1921:677, Fig. 5 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 22 (pt 5, no. 29); ref. 15314] Not "Lahej near Aden, Yemen"; See Menon & Yazdani 1968. Holotype: ZSI F8123/1. Paratypes: ZSI F8124/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:109 [ref. 20743]. See Krupp 1983:616 [ref. 8320] for locality information. See Das 2003:357 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Garra nasuta (McClelland 1838) -- (Krupp 1983:616 [ref. 8320], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715], Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405]). Current status: Synonym of Garra nasuta (McClelland 1838). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

arabicus, Barbus Trewavas [E.] 1941:14 [British Museum (Natural History) expedition to southwest Arabia v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 12735] Wadi Kharid, 20 miles northeast of San'a, Yemen. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1940.2.15.1. •Valid as Barbus arabicus Trewavas 1941 -- (Banister & Clarke 1977:120 [ref. 7232], Alkahem & Behnke 1983:551 [ref. 8384], Krupp 1983:579 [ref. 8320]). •Valid as Arabibarbus arabicus (Trewavas 1941) -- (Borkenhagen 2014:1180, 1195 [ref. 33432]). Current status: Valid as Arabibarbus arabicus (Trewavas 1941). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Yemen. Habitat: freshwater.

arabicus, Cyprinus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:202 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Arabia. In genus Barbus on p. xii. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aralensis, Cyprinus carpio morpha Spiczakow [T.] 1935:428, Fig. 7 [Zeitschrift Fischerei v. 33; ref. 21762] Not available, regarded as infrasubspecific; from the Aral Sea. •In the synonymy of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1949:833 [ref. 20661], Kottelat 1997:57 [ref. 22952], Barus et al. in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:86 [ref. 25856], Kottelat 2013:94 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

arambourgi, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1935:138, Fig. 4 [v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 13918] Marsh, about 50 kilometers northwest of Sergoit, on the plateau Uasin Gishu, near Omo River, Omo, Ethiopia, elevation 1800 meters. Syntypes: MNHN 1932-0097 to 0099 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:39 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus arambourgi Pellegrin 1935 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:227 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius arambourgi (Pellegrin 1935) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius arambourgi (Pellegrin 1935). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

araxensis, Varicorhinus capoeta Dadikyan [M. G.] 1986:162 [Fishes of Armenia; ref. 16233] Aras River, Armenia. No types known. Spelled Varicorhinus capoëta araxensis in original description. •Synonym of Capoeta sevangi De Filippi 1865 -- (Zareian et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35636]). Current status: Synonym of Capoeta sevangi De Filippi 1865. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

arcangelii, Barbus Tortonese [E.] 1939:236 [60], Fig. 6 [Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata della R. Università di Torino. (Ser. 3) v. 47 (no. 100); ref. 4414] Shanghai, China. Holotype (unique): MZUT 3196. Type catalog: Tortonese 1940:140 [ref. 21559]. On. p. 60 of separate. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

arcislongae, Barbus trispilopleura var. Keilhack [L.] 1908:167 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1908 (no. 7); ref. 14324] Lake Malawi [Lake Nyasa]. Syntypes: ZMB 18177-79 (1, 3, 3). Also appeared as new in Keilhack 1910:108, Pl. 2, fig. 8 [ref. 32109]. •Valid as Barbus arcislongae Keilhack 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:227 [ref. 6186], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111]). •Valid as Enteromius arcislongae (Keilhack 1908) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius arcislongae (Keilhack 1908). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Lake Malawi. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

arenatus, Barbus Day [F.] 1878:574, Pl. 142 (fig. 7) [The fishes of India Part 4; ref. 4887] Madras, India. Holotype (?): ZSI F2737. Syntypes: AMS B.7906 (1), ZSI 2737 (figured specimen). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:115 [ref. 20743], Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:294 [ref. 25110]. •Valid as Puntius arenatus (Day 1878) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:258 [ref. 20764], Indra 1991:237 [ref. 24005], Menon 1999:97 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2001:128 [ref. 25692], Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:209 [ref. 29986], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:73 [ref. 32071], Bleher 2018:706 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Puntius arenatus (Day 1878). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Ghats, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

argentatus, Gymnostomus Mai [D. Y.] (ex Hao & Hoa) 1978:48 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Phong-Thô creek, Lai Châu Province, northern Vietnam. Syntypes: ?DVZUT. Apparently unavailable from Hao & Hoa 1969 according to Kottelat 1989:1102 [ref. 14361], but Kottelat 2001 [ref. 25482] reversed this interpretation and dated to Nguyen & Daon [= Hao & Hoa] 1969. •See account of Varicorhinus argentatus Nguyen & Doan 1969. Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae.

argentatus, Schizothorax Kessler [K. F.] 1874:55 [Izvestiia Imperatorskago Obschchestva Liubitelei Estestvozaniia, Antropologii i Etnografii v. 11; ref. 2596] Urdjar [Urdzhar] River, tributary to Lake Alakul, Turkestan. Syntypes: ZIN 2319 (2). •Valid as Racoma argentata (Kessler 1874) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:343 [ref. 21205]). •Valid as Schizothorax argentatus Kessler 1874 -- (Berg 1949:720 [ref. 20661], Tsao 1964:156 [ref. 13501], Zhu 1995:89 [ref. 25213], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:307 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:121 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Schizothorax argentatus Kessler 1874. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

argentatus, Varicorhinus Nguyen [V. H.] & Doan [L. H.] 1969:13, Fig. 11 in ref. 29795 [Some data on composition, origin, and distribution of cyprinid species in northern Vietnam; ref. 25483] Suoi Rut stream, Hoa Binh Province, Vietnam. Lectotype: RIAH 67. Paralectotypes: RIAH 67 (1). See Kottelat 2001:113, 119 [ref. 25482] for availability issues. Spelled in more than one way originally, and Kottelat 2001:119 [ref. 25482] as first reviser selected argentatus. See Nguyen & Doan 2008 [ref. 29793] for an English translation of ref. 25483. Lectotype selected by Roberts & Catania 2008:93 [ref. 29794]. •Tentative synonym of Onychostoma lepturus (Boulenger 1900) -- (Kottelat 2001:32 [ref. 25482]). •In the genus Onychostoma -- (Roberts & Catania 2008:96 [ref. 29794], Xin et al. 2009:260 [ref. 30708]). •Synonym of Onychostoma leptura (Boulenger 1900) with question -- (Kottelat 2013:129 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Onychostoma lepturus (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

argentea, Carassioides Nguyen [V. H.] in Nguyen & Ngo 2001:581, Fig. 300 [Freshwater fishes of Viet Nam. Volume I. Family Cyprinidae v. 1; ref. 28301] Sông Hàn TP, Dà Nãng, Viêt Nam. Holotype (unique): VNCNTTS I: H.01.107.03.01. Simultaneous subjective synonym of macropterus ; Kottelat 2013:84 [ref. 32989] gives preference to macropterus. •Synonym of Carassioides acuminatus (Richardson 1846) with question -- (Kottelat 2013:84 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Carassioides acuminatus (Richardson 1846). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Han River, Da Nang, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

argentea, Cyprinopsis aurata var. Fitzinger [L. J. F. J.] 1832:334 [Beiträge zur Landeskunde Österreichs unter der Enns, Wien v. 1; ref. 5019] Austria. No types known. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

argenteaphthalmus, Carassius auratus Nguyen [V. H.] in Nguyen & Ngo 2001:570, Fig. 294 [Freshwater fishes of Viet Nam. Volume I. Family Cyprinidae v. 1; ref. 28301] Diên Biên Phu, Lai Châu, Vietnam. Holotype: VNCNTTS I: H.01.105.02.01. Paratypes: VNCNTTS I: H.01.105.02.02 (5). •Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies argenteaphthalmus Nguyen 2001 as described. •Mention -- (Kalous et al. 2012:11 [ref. 32063]). •Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1728) -- (Kottelat 2013:85 [ref. 32989] with question, Rylková et al. 2018:[5] [ref. 35881] with question). Current status: Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Northwestern Vietnam: Diên Biên, Tuân Giáo, Lai Châu and Thuân Châu County Son La [this subspecies if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

argenteus, Acanthonotus Day [F.] (ex Tickell) 1888:807 [The fishes of India Suppl.; ref. 1082] Streams of the interior of the Tenasserim District, Myanmar. No types known. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762]. We assume Day revised the description in his style and may have taken information from the figure rather than quoting directly from Tickell. •Valid as Mystacoleucus argenteus (Day 1888) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:224 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:125 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:42 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Mystacoleucus argenteus (Day 1888). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Myanmar and Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

argenteus, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:103 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Polungo Alto, Angola. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.7.13.47-50 (4). •Valid as Barbus argenteus Günther 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:227 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:159 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:159 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Enteromius argenteus (Günther 1868) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius argenteus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

argenteus, Cyprinus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Koelreuter) 1788:193 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] No locality. No types known. Based on Koelreuter 1764:420 [ref. 26164]. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

argyrotaenia, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1912:674, Pl. 79 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1912 (pt 3) (art. 37); ref. 14834] Eusso Nyiro [Ewaso Ng'iro] River below the falls, east of Lake Baringo, Kenya. Syntypes: (numerous) BMNH 1912.3.22.80-89 (orig. 10). Species name a noun in apposition, therefore correct as argyrotaenia. •Synonym of Barbus zanzibaricus Peters 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:298 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:33 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Synonym of Enteromius zanzibaricus (Peters 1868) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius zanzibaricus (Peters 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ariza, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1807:344, Pl. 31 [A journey from Madras through the countries of Mysore, Canara, and Malabar v. 3; ref. 18859] Vedawati stream, tributary of Tungabahdra River, Krishna basin, southern India. No types known. The original plate is reproduced in Roberts 1997:180 [ref. 23550]. •Valid as Labeo ariza (Hamilton 1807) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:198 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:126 [ref. 24904], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:97 [ref. 25342], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172]). •Valid as Cirrhinus ariza (Hamilton 1807) -- (Roberts 1997:183 [ref. 23550]). •Valid as Bangana ariza (Hamilton 1807) -- (Luo & Zhou 2009:66 [ref. 30000], Bleher 2018:328 [ref. 36647]). •Valid as Gymnostomus ariza (Hamilton 1807) -- (Yang et al. 2012:370 [ref. 33458]). Current status: Valid as Gymnostomus ariza (Hamilton 1807). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

armatus, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:163 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Java, Indonesia. Syntype: RMNH 2502 (1). Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.86 (1), 1867.11.28.79 (1). Type information: Roberts 1993:15-16 [ref. 21799]. But Kottelat states (2013) that Valenciennes examined several specimens. •Valid as Anematichthys apogon (Valenciennes 1820) -- (Pasco-veil et al.1912:52 [ref. 32355]). •Valid as Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439], Roberts 1993:15 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:34 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:229 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:88 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:26 [ref. 23436], Ng & Tan 1999:353 [ref. 24159], Freyhof et al. 2000:94 [ref. 25184], Doi et al. 2001:15 [ref. 25691], Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25780], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:149 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:180 [ref. 28285], Cervancia & Kottelat 2007:144 [ref. 29034], Pasco-Viel et al. 1913:483 [ref. 32659], Kottelat 2013:479 [ref. 32660], Kottelat 2013:92 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971], Sulaiman et al. 2018:27 [ref. 35802], Ng et al. 2019:523 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

armenicus, Barbus Kamensky [S. N.] (ex Kessler) 1899:80 [Die Cypriniden der Kaukasusländer und ihrer angrenzenden Meere; ref. 14707] Çildir Gölu, elevation 6522 feet; Kars-chai, Turkey. Lectotype: ZIN 5198. Paralectotypes: (3) Caucasian Museum (whereabouts unknown). Lectotype established in caption to Fig. 452 in Berg 1949:696 [ref. 20661] if specimen is identifiable. •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843, subspecies cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Berg 1949:694 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Khaefi et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35344]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

artedii, Rohita Bleeker [P.] 1851:434 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16897] Sambas, western Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 6991 (1), 10924 [ex RMNH 6991] (1). •Synonym of Osteochilus vittatus (Valenciennes 1942) -- (Kottelat 2013:137 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteochilus vittatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

artvinica, Barbus tauricus var. Kamensky [S. N.] 1899:32 [German p. 129] [Die Cypriniden der Kaukasusländer und ihrer angrenzenden Meere; ref. 14707] Çoruh River basin, Turkey. Holotype (unique): ZIN 11530. Spelled artvinica on pp. 32 and 96, artwinica on p. 129. Species name correct as artvinicus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Synonym of Barbus tauricus Kessler 1877, subspecies escherichi Steindachner 1897 -- (Berg 1949:692 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Barbus escherichi Steindachner 1897 -- (Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:397 [ref. 27353], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:47 [ref. 28183], Çiçek et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36267]). •Synonym of Barbus rionicus Kamensky 1899. Current status: Synonym of Barbus rionicus Kamensky 1899. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

arulius, Systomus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:317 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Cavery River at Seringapatam [Shrirangapathna], India. No types known. •Valid as Puntius arulius (Jerdon 1849) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:258 [ref. 20764], Rema Devi et al. 1996:133 [ref. 24021], Menon 1999:86 [ref. 24904] as species and subspecies, Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359] Arunachalam & Johnson 2003:477 [ref. 26927], Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:137 [ref. 28274], Rema Devi et al. 2010:1121 [ref. 30982], Knight et al. 2011:1690 [ref. 31267]). •Valid as Dawkinsia arulius (Jerdon 1849) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:80 [ref. 32071], Bleher 2018:414 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Dawkinsia arulius (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Cauvery River basin, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

arunachalami, Horalabiosa Johnson [J. A.] & Soranam [R.] 2001:393, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 98 (pt 3); ref. 26173] Tributary of Panniyar stream, above Ponmudi reservoir at Santhamparai hills, Idukki district, Kerala, India, 9°82'N, 77°15'E, elevation 912 meters. Holotype: ZSI/SRS F.5324. Paratypes: SPKCES F.2 (7). •Valid as Horalabiosa arunachalami Johnson & Soranam 2001. •Valid as Garra arunachalami (Johnson & Soranam 2001) -- (Bleher 2018:470 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Garra arunachalami (Johnson & Soranam 2001). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Southern Western Ghats, India. Habitat: freshwater.

arunachalensis, Garra Nebeshwar [K.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2013:101, Fig. 3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 24 (no. 2); ref. 33006] Lower Divang valley district, Deapani River at Roing, Brahmaputa basin, 29°09'35"N, 95°54'08"E, Arunachal Pradesh, India, Holotype: MUMF 4304. Paratypes: MUMF 4305/4 (4), RGUMF 0190/5 (5). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Garra arunachalensis Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:271 [ref. 34052], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:373 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:134 [ref. 35625], Premananda et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35861], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749], Gong et al. 2018:380 [ref. 36379], Moyon & Arunkumar 2018:112 [ref. 36388], Tamang et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36496], Bleher 2018:472 [ref. 36647], Roni et al. 2019:551 [ref. 36796], Rath et al. 2019:495 [ref. 36896]). Current status: Valid as Garra arunachalensis Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Upper Brahmaputra River basin, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Habitat: freshwater.

arupi, Garra Nebeshwar [K.], Vishwanath [W.] & Das [D. N.] 2009:198, Figs. 1-3 [Journal of Threatened Taxa v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 30177] Deopani River at Roing, Lower Divang Valley, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Holotype: RGUMF-0184. Paratypes: RGUMF-0185 (15), -0186 (10), -0187 (12), -0188 (12). •Valid as Garra arupi Nebeshwar, Vishwanath & Das 2009 -- (Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2357 [ref. 31816], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715], Tamang 2013:39 [ref. 32803], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Thoni et al. 2016:116 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:375 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Gong et al. 2018:865 [ref. 36387], Moyon & Arunkumar 2018:112 [ref. 36388], Tamang et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36496]). Current status: Valid as Garra arupi Nebeshwar, Vishwanath & Das 2009. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Upper Brahmaputra River basin, Arunachal Pradesh, India and Bhutan. Habitat: freshwater.

ashmeadi, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:193, Figs. 151-152 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Mekong River at Kemrat [Kemarat], Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68137. Paratypes: ANSP 68138-39 (2). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:11 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:69 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Discherodontus ashmeadi (Fowler 1937) -- (Rainboth 1989:14 [ref. 13537], Rainboth 1996:90 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:28 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:49 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:100 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Discherodontus ashmeadi (Fowler 1937). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Mekong basin and Xe Bangfai. Habitat: freshwater.

asmussii, Scaphiodon Keyserling [E. von] 1861:14 [17], Pl. 6 [Zeitschrift für die Gesammten Naturwissenschaften v. 17 (no. 1); ref. 2601] Near Herat, Afghanistan. No types saved. On p. 17 of separate. •Synonym of Varicorhinus capoeta (Güldenstädt 1773), subspecies heratensis (Keyserling 1861) -- (Berg 1949:681 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Capoeta capoeta (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (see Coad 1981:9 [ref. 22348], Coad 1995:14 [ref. 23608], Esmaeili et al. 2010:368 [ref. 33391], Esmaeili et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35254], Zareian et al. 2017:22 [ref. 35636]). Current status: Synonym of Capoeta capoeta (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

asoka, Puntius Kottelat [M.] & Pethiyagoda [R.] 1989:472, Figs. 1, 4 [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 42 (no. 8); ref. 14110] Sitawaka River, 6°55'25"N, 80°20'02"E, Kegala District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka. Holotype: ZSM 27188 [now ZRC 38480]. Paratypes: ZMA 120334 (1); CMK 6402 (9), 6522 (1). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:255 [ref. 31652]. The holotype is currently at ZRC. •Valid as Puntius asoka Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1989 -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:93 [ref. 20075], Silva et al. 2008:62 [ref. 29719]). •Valid as Systomus asoka Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1989 -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:77 [ref. 32071]). Current status: Valid as Systomus asoka (Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1989). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

asper, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:176, Fig. 154 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Groote River at Sleyterville, Gamtoos River system and Le Roux River at Ondtshoon, Cape Province, South Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1909.12.8.6-9 (4, now 3) Le Roux R., 1909.12.8.10 (1) Groote R.; SAM 10644 [now at AMG] (1 of 3) Le Roux R., 10664 + 10673 [now at AMG] (now 2), 10664a [now at AMG] (1). See Barbus biscarensis for comments on Boulenger's style in this work. •Valid as Barbus asper Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:228 [ref. 6186] with holotype and paratypes). •Valid as Pseudobarbus asper (Boulenger 1911) -- (Skelton 1988:285 [ref. 7302], Skelton 1993:125 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:125 [ref. 27406], Chakona & Swartz 2013:568 [ref. 32786], Chakona et al. 2014:122 [ref. 33568], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417], Skelton et al. 2018:16 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Pseudobarbus asper (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

asper, Cyprinus Schmidt [F. W.] 1795:67 [Sammlung physikalisch-ökonomischer Aufsätze: zur Aufnahme der Naturkunde und deren damit verwandten Wissenschaften in Böhmen. v. 1; ref. 18701] Name only, not available; from Moldau [Vltava] River, Czech Republic. •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:184 [ref. 22952]). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

aspilus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:337 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 20 (no. 118) (art. 43); ref. 15137] Ja River at Bitye, southern Cameroon. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.5.30.120. •Valid as Barbus aspilus Boulenger 1907 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:228 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:479 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius aspilus (Boulenger 1907) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[3] [ref. 34099], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius aspilus (Boulenger 1907). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

aspius, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1912:14, Pl. 22 (fig. 1) [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 3); ref. 581] Lebuzi River at Boma Vonde, Congo (±5°08'S, 12°39'E). Syntypes: BMNH 1912.4.1.354 (1), MRAC 1536 (1). •Valid as Barbus aspius Boulenger 1912 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:228 [ref. 6186] with MRAC as holotype). •Valid as Labeobarbus aspius (Boulenger 1912) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:515 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus aspius (Boulenger 1912). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: West Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

assimilis, Parasinilabeo Wu [H.-W.] & Yao [?] in Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen & He 1977:366, Fig. 7-88 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 2; ref. 4807] Li-Jiang system, Guangxi, Yangsuo and Suyun County, China. Syntypes: Yangxu 150 (1), Bu 151 (1), Bu 153-154 (1, 1), Bu 156-157 (1, 1), Siu-ren Bu 001-002 (1, 1). •Incorrectly valid as Pararectoris assimilis (Wu & Yao 1977) -- (Su, Yang & Cui 2001:138 [ref. 25463]). •Valid as Parasinilabeo assimilis Wu & Yao 1977 -- (Zheng et al. 1989:206 [ref. 21202], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:179 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:68 [ref. 25213], Zhang 2000:267 [ref. 25071], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:221 [ref. 25272], Tang et al. 2001:13 [ref. 25373], Huang et al. 2007:531 [ref. 29347], Yuan et al. 2008:47 [ref. 29667], Lan et al. 2013:240 [ref. 32910], Kottelat 2013:156 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:113 [ref. 34477] dated 1982, Zheng et al. 2016:144 [ref. 34678]). Current status: Valid as Parasinilabeo assimilis Wu & Yao 1977. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Yangtze River and Pearl River drainages, Guansi, China. Habitat: freshwater.

assimilis, Systomus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:319 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Canara [now Madikeri], Karnataka State, southern India. No types known. •Synonym of Puntius filamentosus (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Menon 1999:92 [ref. 24904] as assiniglis). •Valid as Puntius assimilis (Jerdon 1849) -- (Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:134 [ref. 28274], Rema Devi et al. 2010:1121 [ref. 30982], Knight et al. 2011:1690 [ref. 31267]). •Valid as Dawkinsia assimilis (Jerdon 1849) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:80 [ref. 32071], Bleher 2018:416 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Dawkinsia assimilis (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Western Ghats, south India. Habitat: freshwater.

atakorensis, Barbus Daget [J.] 1957:140, Fig. 17 [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 50; ref. 12063] Creek in Atakora mountain range, between Tanguiéta and Natitingou, Benin [Dahomey]. Holotype: MNHN 1956-0107. Paratypes: MNHN 1960-0448 (20). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:264 [ref. 20870]. •Valid as Barbus atakorensis Daget 1957 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:228 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:205 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:354 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Enteromius atakorensis (Daget 1957) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius atakorensis (Daget 1957). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

ater, Carassius auratus Bade [E.] 1894:13 [Der Goldfisch; ref. 34766] Domesticated aquarium fish. No types known. •Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

ater, Puntius Linthoingambi [I.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2007:46, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa No. 1450; ref. 29122] Iril River at Bamonkampu, Manipur State, India. Holotype: MUMF 6101. Paratypes: MUMF 3030 (1), 6102-06 (5), 6107-11 (5), 6208-15 (8); Uncat. (20). •Valid as Puntius ater Linthoingambi & Vishwanath 2007 -- (Knight et al. 2012:2413 [ref. 31841]). •Valid as Pethia ater (Linthoingambi & Vishwanath 2007) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:81 [ref. 32071], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2013:87 [ref. 32976]). •Valid as Pethia atra (Linthoingambi & Vishwanath 2007) -- (Kottelat 2013:140 [ref. 32989], Katwate et al. 2014:244 [ref. 33433], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2018:590 [ref. 35803]). Current status: Valid as Pethia atra (Linthoingambi & Vishwanath 2007). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Chindwin-Irrawaddy basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

ater, Tor Roberts [T. R.] 1999:231, Fig. 3 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 47 (no. 1); ref. 23900] Nam Theun at Ban Talang, Laos. Holotype: ZRC 40356. Paratypes: ZRC 40357 (2). •Valid as Tor ater Roberts 1999 -- (Kottelat 2001:83 [ref. 25780], Chen & Yang 2004:190 [ref. 27990], Kottelat 2013:168 [ref. 32989], Hoàng et al. 2015:552 [ref. 33936], Kottelat 2015:43 [ref. 33971], Walton et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35037], Pinder et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36696]). Current status: Valid as Tor ater Roberts 1999. Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Laos: Nam Theun endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

athi, Barbus Hubbs [C. L.] 1918:10, Pl. 1 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 12 (pt 2); ref. 10684] Athi River, Kenya, East Africa. Holotype: FMNH 6108. Paratypes: FMNH 6109-10 (10, 55). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:15 [ref. 12367] with 63 paratypes. •Synonym of Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:276 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

atkinsoni, Barbus Bailey [R. G.] 1969:92, Fig. 2 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 80 (nos 1-2); ref. 7796] Pool in flood plain of Kilombero River near Ifakara, Rufiji system, Tanzania. Holotype: BMNH 1969.6.5.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1969.6.5.2-10 (9), 1969.6.5.11-13 (3), 1969.6.5.14-24 (11). •Valid as Barbus atkinsoni Bailey 1969 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:229 [ref. 6186], Farm 2000:979 [ref. 25015], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111]). •Valid as Enteromius atkinsoni (Bailey 1969) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius atkinsoni (Bailey 1969). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

atlantica, Capoeta Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:124 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 9 (no. 50) (art. 23); ref. 14845] Stream running into the Wad N'fys [Oued Nfis] at Tsigadir-el-hor, Atlas Mountains, Morocco. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.1.4.18-19 (2). Genus originally as Capoëta. •Synonym of Barbus fritschii Günther 1874 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:246 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Carasobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874) -- (Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:24 [ref. 32915]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34168]). •Synonym of Enteromius fritschii (Günther 1874) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Carasobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

atridorsalis, Mystacoleucus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:176, Figs. 112-113 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Mekong River at Kemrat [Kemarat], Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68084. Paratypes: ANSP 68085 (1). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:9 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:69 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Mystacoleucus atridorsalis Fowler 1937 -- (Kottelat 1984:805 [ref. 11440], Rainboth 1996:91 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:38 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2000:44 [ref. 25040], Kottelat 2001:61 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:125 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:42 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Mystacoleucus atridorsalis Fowler 1937. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

atrilimes, Crossocheilus Kottelat [M.] 2000:39, Fig. 2 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 25040] Nam Mang at Keng Nam Mang (rapids), about 6 kilometers upstream of Ban Hatkhai, 18°26'33"N, 103°10'32"E, Vientiane, Laos. Holotype: ZRC 45296. Paratypes: CMK 13180 (25), LARRI uncat. (5), NRM 44879 (5), ZRC 45299 (5). •Valid as Crossocheilus atrilimes Kottelat 2000 -- (Kottelat 2001:43 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:89 [ref. 32989], Ciccotto et al. 2017:273 [ref. 35402]). Current status: Valid as Crossocheilus atrilimes Kottelat 2000. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Mekong and Chao Phraya basins and Xe Bangfai: Thailand, Cambodia and Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

atromaculatus, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] & Griscom [L.] 1917:697, Fig. 12 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 37 (art. 25); ref. 3185] Yakuluku, Rep. of Congo. Holotype: AMNH 6295. Paratypes: (25) AMNH 5845 (6, now 5), 6074 (1), 6125 (1), 6214 (5, now 3), 6246 (2). •Valid as Barbus atromaculatus Nichols & Griscom 1917 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:229 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius atromaculatus (Nichols & Griscom 1917) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Van Ginneken et al. 2017:28 [ref. 35381], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius atromaculatus (Nichols & Griscom 1917). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western and central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

atrovirens, Cyprinus Richardson [J.] 1846:287 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. No types known. Originally as atro-virens. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:209, Pl. 14a [ref. 11606]). •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Barus et al. in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:86 [ref. 25856]). •Synonym of Cyprinus rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803 -- (Kottelat 2006:30 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

augraoides, Gobio Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:307 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Cavery River and its tributaries, southern India. Cyprinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

aurantiacus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:554 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 6 (no. 36); ref. 577] Lucala River at Lucala, Angola. Lectotype: BMNH 1911.6.1.78. Paralectotypes: (4) BMNH 1911.6.1.79-80 (2), NMW 53702 (1), ZMB 18223 (1). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1962:200 [ref. 19234]. •Synonym of Barbus radiatus Peters 1853 -- (Seegers 1996:143 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Barbus radiatus Peters 1853, but a valid subspecies -- (Greenwood 1970:9 [ref. 7743], Lévêque & Daget 1984:284 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aurata, Barbus fluviatilis var. Fatio [V.] 1882:249 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse Part 1; ref. 1308] Confluence of rivers Sarine and Aar, Switzerland. Treated as infrasubspecific and unavailable by Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952], but name is available as described. Species name correct as auratus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aurata, Barbus fluviatilis var. Veesenmayer [G.] 1884:325 [Jahreshefte des Vereins für Vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg v. 40; ref. 20855] Danube River at Rottenacker, 5 kilometers south-southwest of Ehingen, 48°14'N, 9°41'30"E, Germany. Holotype (unique): SMNS 14331. Type catalog: Fricke 1995:10 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:31 [ref. 29864] A primary homonym of Barbus fluviatilis aurata Fatio 1882. Species name correct as auratus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aurata, Cirrhina Sauvage [H.-E.] 1878:236 [4] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 2; ref. 3879] Phnom-Penh, Cambodia. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-3849. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-3849 (1 of 2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:14 [ref. 19574]. On p. 4 of separate. Original genus should have been Cirrhinus. Lectotype selected by Banarescu 1983:17. Simultaneous subjective synonym of C. macrocephalus; Sauvage (1878:136) gave preference to microlepis. •Synonym of Cirrhinus microlepis Sauvage 1878 -- (Kottelat 1984:797 [ref. 11440], Rainboth 1996:107 [ref. 22772], Roberts 1997:192 [ref. 23550], Kottelat 2001:42 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:88 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cirrhinus microlepis Sauvage 1878. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

auratus, Cyprinus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:322 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] China; Japanese rivers. No types known. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:83 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Paepke 1999:70 [ref. 24282] treats types for Cyprinus auratus var. a and var. c of Bloch 1784. Also appeared in Linnaeus 1759:252 [ref. 24770]. •Valid as Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758), subspecies auratus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Cheng & Zhou 1997:185 [ref. 26385], Szczerbowski in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:5 [ref. 25856], López et al. 2003:9 [ref. 27366], Jang et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27681], Hammer & Walker 2004:91 [ref. 28129], Menni 2004:71 [ref. 28131], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:60 [ref. 28183], Mundy 2005:150 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:346 [ref. 29004], Fricke et al. 2007:36 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:142 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:60 [ref. 31199], Shrestha 2008:55 [ref. 29923], Fricke et al. 2009:23 [ref. 30213], Minckley & Marsh 2009:175 [ref. 31114], Coad 2010:156 [ref. 36620], Esmaeili et al. 2010:368 [ref. 33391], Fricke et al. 2011:355 [ref. 31242], Page & Burr 2011:154 [ref. 31215], Marshall 2011:121 [ref. 31755], Kalous et al. 2012:11 [ref. 32063], Kottelat 2013:84 [ref. 32989], Angulo et al. 2013:991 [ref. 33194], Sarmiento et al. 2014:187 [ref. 35004], McDowall & Stewart 2015:312 [ref. 34241], Zhang et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34477], Miesen et al. 2016:82 [ref. 34492]). •Valid as Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:820 [ref. 20661], Okada 1961:526 [ref. 6363], Chen & Huang 1977:432 [ref. 8497], Mai 1978:24 [ref. 13511], Lee et al. 1980:147 [ref. 22416], Coad 1981:9 [ref. 22348], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:164 [ref. 25473], Wang 1984:15 [ref. 22951], Kuang in Kuang et al. 1986:143 [ref. 26639], Smith 1986:119 [ref. 22186], Lelek 1987:171 [ref. 22962], Robison & Buchanan 1988:173 [ref. 23393], Paxton et al. 1989:216 [ref. 12442], Zhou in Chu & Chen 1989:350 [ref. 13584], Paulin et al. 1989:81 [ref. 24556], Zheng et al. 1989:239 [ref. 21202], McAllister 1990:58 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:81 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:64 [ref. 18983], Coad 1991:15 [ref. 15702], Yang 1991:198 [ref. 13585], Liu in Pan et al. 1991:229 [ref. 23876], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:161 [ref. 20764], Wu & Wu 1992:517 [ref. 21205], Boschung 1992:45 [ref. 23239], Etnier & Starnes 1993:141 [ref. 22809], Kottelat et al. 1993:33 [ref. 23448], Skelton 1993:189 [ref. 24071], Ding 1994:419 [ref. 21531], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:275 [ref. 21581], La Rivers 1994:454 [ref. 23389], Coad 1995:14 [ref. 23608], Baxter & Stone 1995:58 [ref. 23374], Stauffer et al. 1995:61 [ref. 23376], Yang & Chen 1995:99 [ref. 23555], Cross & Collins 1995:53 [ref. 23394], Zhu 1995:99 [ref. 25213], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079], Brumley in McDowall 1996:99 [ref. 22909], Coad 1996:84 [ref. 25304], Mettee et al. 1996:151 [ref. 25836], Sigler & Sigler 1996:66 [ref. 25943], Murdy et al. 1997:85 [ref. 23144], Kim 1997:158 [ref. 24032], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:736 [ref. 24702], Vu & Nguyen 1997:26 [ref. 26438], Bianco 1997:620 [ref. 26725], Chen in Chen 1998:259 [ref. 23556], Bogutskaya 1998:91 [ref. 23589], Castro et al. 1998:79 [ref. 24271], Scott & Crossman 1998:391 [ref. 24570], Fricke 1999:83 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:147 [ref. 25013], Fuller et al. 1999:53 [ref. 25838], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678], Rafique 2000:324 [ref. 25220], Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:429 [ref. 25272], Kim et al. 2000:224 [ref. 25434], Lyons et al. 2000:47 [ref. 26594], Tang et al. 2001:13 [ref. 25373], Kottelat 2001:20 [ref. 25482], Pietsch et al. 2001:139 [ref. 25688], Kottelat 2001:42 [ref. 25780], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Ross et al. 2001:130 [ref. 25978], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:44 [ref. 26178], Wang et al. 2001:164 [ref. 26566], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:194 [ref. 26728], Skelton 2001:189 [ref. 27406], Kim & Park 2002:55 [ref. 25913], Allen et al. 2002:360 [ref. 25930], Youn 2002:156, 501 [ref. 26218], Moyle 2002:170 [ref. 26449], Mirza 2003:12 [ref. 27265], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:120 [ref. 27816], Bailey et al. 2004:72 [ref. 27882], Nelson et al. 2004:68 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:88 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:155 [ref. 27995], Hanel & Lusk 2005:263 [ref. 28804], Scharpf 2005:12 [ref. 28940], Hammer et al. 2012:66 [ref. 32389], Page et al. 2013:69 [ref. 32708], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:869 [ref. 34062], Barbieri et al. 2015:48 [ref. 35029], Esmaeili et al. 2015:120 [ref. 35030], Mirande & Koerber 2015:10 [ref. 35117], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:42 [ref. 35254], Kottelat 2017:327 [ref. 35658], Esmaeili et al. 2018:23 [ref. 36089], Fricke et al. 2018:58 [ref. 35805], Kuiter 2018:98 [ref. 36369], Rylková et al. 2018:[6] [ref. 35881]). Current status: Valid as Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: East Asia: China and Japan; introduced widely elsewhere; many cultivated goldfish varieties. Habitat: freshwater.

auratus, Leuciscus Mauduyt [F.] 1849:32 [Bulletin Société Académique d'Agriculture, Belles-Lettres, Sciences et Arts de Poitiers 1848, v. 3, fasc. 9-12; ref. 17615] Treated as available by Kottelat 1997:51 [ref. 22952] and as a secondary homonym of Cyprinus auratus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

aurea, Pethia Knight [J. D. M.] 2013:174, Fig. 1A [Zootaxa 3700 (no. 1); ref. 32828] Ponds in South 24, Parganas District, West Bengal, India. Holotype: ZSI/SRC 8730. Paratypes: ZSI/SRC 8731 (9). •Valid as Pethia aurea Knight 2013 -- (Katwate et al. 2014:244 [ref. 33433], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2018:591 [ref. 35803], Bleher 2018:654 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Pethia aurea Knight 2013. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Ganga-Brahmaputra basin, West Bengal, India. Habitat: freshwater.

aureus, Barbus Tirant [G.] 1883:96 [27] [Bulletin de la Société des Études Indo-chinoises. Saigon. 1883; ref. 17920] Hué, Vietnam. Lectotype: MHNL 4200-0029 (3566). Paralectotypes: MHNL 4200-0030 (2). Type catalog: Chevey 1937:250 [ref. 31779]. On p. 27 of reprint in Chevey 1929 [ref. 16215]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Labeobarbus aureus Cope 1867 in Barbus, replaced by Barbus fernandezypezi Fowler 1958. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1986:6 [ref. 11434]. •Synonym of Barbus semifasciolatus Günther 1868 -- (Kottelat 1986:8 [ref. 11434]). •Synonym of Puntius semifasciolatus (Günther 1868). •Questionably the same as Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aureus, Labeobarbus Cope [E. D.] 1867:406 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 13 (pt 3) (art. 13); ref. 18027] Umvoti, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: ANSP 7669-70 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:69 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Barbus natalensis Castelnau 1861 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:272 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aurolineatus, Lobocheilos Ciccotto [P. J.] & Tan [H. H.] 2018:544, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 4399 (no. 4); ref. 35856] Mahakam River at Kota Bangum, East Kalimantan, Indonesia, 0°16.02'S, 116°35.16'E. Holotype: MZB 17222. Paratypes: MZB, UF, ZRC. Plus additional aquarium material. •Valid as Lobocheilos aurolineatus Ciccotto & Tan 2018. Current status: Valid as Lobocheilos aurolineatus Ciccotto & Tan 2018. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Mahakam River basin, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

aurotaeniatus, Barbus Tirant [G.] 1885:[160] [Notes sur les poissons de la Basse-Cochinchine et du Cambodge. v. 10; ref. 17923] Thu-dâu-môt, Vietnam. Lectotype: MHNL 4200-0258. On p. 160 of reprint in Chevey 1929 [ref. 16215]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1986:8 [ref. 11434]. •Valid as Barbus aurotaeniatus Tirant 1885 -- (Kottelat 1986:8, 21 [ref. 11434]). •Valid as Systomus aurotaeniatus (Tirant 1885) -- (Rainboth 1996:103 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Puntius aurotaeniatus (Tirant 1885) -- (Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:49 [ref. 23436], Doi 2000:396 [ref. 25097], Freyhof et al. 2000:95 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:72 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Barbodes aurotaeniatus (Tirant 1885) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:40 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes aurotaeniatus (Tirant 1885). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Mekong basin and Xe Bangfai, Laos and Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

aurovittatus, Labeo (Labeo) Sauvage [H.-E.] 1878:239 [7] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 2; ref. 3879] "Laos Siamois" [Isarn, Northeastern part of Thailand]. No types known. On p. 7 of separate. Simultaneous subjective synonym of C. microlepis; Kottelat 1984:792,802 gave precedence to microlepis. •Tentatively a synonym of Cirrhinus microlepis Sauvage 1878 -- (Kottelat 1984:802 [ref. 11440]). •Synonym of Cirrhinus microlepis Sauvage 1878 -- (Roberts 1997:192 [ref. 23550], Kottelat 2013:88 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cirrhinus microlepis Sauvage 1878. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

australis, Barbus intermedius Banister [K. E.] 1973:75 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 26 (no. 1); ref. 7554] Lake Baringo, Kenya. Holotype: BMNH 1932.6.13.191. Paratypes: (58) 1932.6.13.192-200 (9). •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:255 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:853 [ref. 34067], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

axelrodi, Varicorhinus Getahun [A.], Stiassny [M. L. J.] & Teugels [G. G.] 2004:160, Figs. 1 A-B [Cybium v. 28 (no. 2); ref. 27830] Rivière Loukoula, lieudit "Porte du Mayombe", 9 kilometers en aval de Mpounga, Republic of the Congo, 4°20'S-12°26'E. Holotype: MRAC 91-68-P-1132. Paratypes: AMNH 232315 (1), 232907 (3), 233184 (1); CUMV 87041 (1), 88131 (1); MRAC 90-057-P-1297-1300 (4), 90-057-P-1314-1327 (14); 99-55-P-246-247 (2), 99-55-P-249 (1), 99-90-P-459-460 (2). Spelled alexrodi in Zoological Record, 2004:881. •Valid as Varicorhinus axelrodi Getahun, Stiassny & Teugels 2004 -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:543 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Labeobarbus axelrodi (Getahun, Stiassny & Teugels 2004) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus axelrodi (Getahun, Stiassny & Teugels 2004). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Lower and central Kouilou, Republic of the Congo; Tchibanga region of Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

aydinensis, Capoeta Turan [D.], Küçük [F.], Kaya [C.], Güçlü [S. S.] & Bektaş [Y.] 2017:437, Figs. 1a-b, 2a-d, 3 [Turkish Journal of Zoology v. 41; ref. 35330] Turkey, Aydin Province, Çine Stream, Büyük Menderes drainage, 37°25'N, 28°08'. Holotype: FFR 01926. Paratypes: FFR, IUSHM. •Valid as Capoeta aydinensis Turan, Küçük, Kaya, Güçlü & Bektaş 2017 -- (Çiçek et al. 2018:3 [ref. 36267], Elp et al. 2018:103 [ref. 35851]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta aydinensis Turan, Küçük, Kaya, Güçlü & Bektaş 2017. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Turkey: Büyük Menderes basin, western Anatolia. Habitat: freshwater.

ayuthiae, Papillocheilus Smith [H. M.] 1945:231, Fig. 42 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Short tributary of Chao Phya River, near Ayuthia, central Thailand. Holotype: USNM 119495. Paratypes: MCZ 36252 [ex USNM 119496] (1), USNM 119496 (orig. 1, now 0). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:11 [ref. 25088]. •Synonym of Cosmochilus harmandi Sauvage 1878 -- (Kottelat 1984:799 [ref. 11440], Kottelat 2001:43 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:89 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cosmochilus harmandi Sauvage 1878. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, marine.

babaulti, Barbus (Agrammobarbus) Pellegrin [J.] 1935:382 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 5041] Katana and Kadjuju, Lake Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: MNHN 1935-0087 and 0088 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:40 [ref. 19574]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus (Capoeta) babaulti Pellegrin 1926, replaced by Barbus lapsus Bannister 1973. •Synonym of Barbus apleurogramma Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:227 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:95 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

babaulti, Barbus (Capoeta) Pellegrin [J.] 1926:387 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 51; ref. 15937] Nairobi, Kenya. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1926-0285. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:45 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:276 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

babaulti, Varicorhinus Pellegrin [J.] 1932:958 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 4 (no. 8); ref. 16514] River near Bukavu, Kivu region, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1932-0181. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:46 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Varicorhinus pellegrini Bertin & Estève 1948 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:339 [ref. 6186]). •Preoccupied by Barbus (Capoeta) babaulti (Pelegrin 1926), replaced by Labeobarbus pellegrini (Bertin & Estève 1948) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus pellegrini (Bertin & Estève 1948). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

babeensis, Spinibarbus Nguyen [V. H.] in Nguyen & Ngo 2001:312, Fig. 148 [Freshwater fishes of Viet Nam. Volume I. Family Cyprinidae v. 1; ref. 28301] Hô Ba Bê, Bác Kan, Viêt Nam. Holotype: VNCNTTS I: H.01.64.05.01. Paratypes: VNCNTTS I: H.01.64.05.02 (1). •Valid as Spinibarbus babeensis Nguyen 2001 -- (Kottelat 2013:164 [ref. 32989] with question, Nguyen et al. 2015:105 [ref. 36432]). Current status: Valid as Spinibarbus babeensis Nguyen 2001. Cyprinidae: Spinibarbinae. Distribution: Nang River and Ba Bê Lake (Bác Kan), Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

babeensis, Varicorhinus (Onychostoma) Nguyen [V. H.] & Nguyen [T. D.] in Nguyen & Ngo 2001:414, Fig. 203 [Freshwater fishes of Viet Nam. Volume I. Family Cyprinidae v. 1; ref. 28301] Lake Ba Be, Nam Mau village; Bac Kan Province, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): DHNLTN 98.25.025. •Valid as Varicorhinus babeensis Nguyen & Nguyen 2001. •Probably should be regarded as a synonym of Onychostoma gerlachi (Peters 1881) -- (Xin et al. 2009:260 [ref. 30708]). •Valid as Onychostoma babeense (Nguyen & Nguyen 2001) -- (Kottelat 2013:128 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Valid as Onychostoma babeense (Nguyen & Nguyen 2001). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: Ba Bê, Bac Kan Province, Vietnam [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

bagbwensis, Barbus Norman [J. R.] 1932:181, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 10 (no. 56); ref. 3222] Tributaries of Bagbwe River, Sierra Leone. Holotype: BMNH 1932.5.18.20-21 (larger of 2). Paratypes: BMNH 1932.5.18.20-21 (smaller of 2). •Valid as Barbus bagbwensis Norman 1932 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:229 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:347 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477]). •Valid as Enteromius bagbwensis (Norman 1932) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius bagbwensis (Norman 1932). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Sierra Leone. Habitat: freshwater.

baileyi, Chagunius Rainboth [W. J.] 1986:10, Fig. 2 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 712; ref. 5849] Huey Lamao at Ban Mae Lamao, 16°48'N, 98°44'E, Tak Province, Thailand. Holotype: UMMZ 210700. Paratypes: BMNH 1888.10.22.13-14 (2); NIFI 00979 (4), 01309-10 (9, 39); NRM 10437 (1); UMMZ 209122 (1), 209139 (3, 2 c&s); USNM 107807-08 (1, 2). •Valid as Chagunius baileyi Rainboth 1986 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:166 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:86 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Chagunius baileyi Rainboth 1986. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Myanmar and Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

baileyi, Oreinus Lloyd [R. E.] 1908:344, Pl. 25 (figs. 2, 2a) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 2 (pt 4); ref. 14328] Tibet. Syntypes: BMNH 1919.9.7.5 [ex ZSI] (1), ZSI F2151/1 (4) Gyantse. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:113 [ref. 20743]. •Synonym of Schizothorax waltoni Regan 1905 -- (Tsao 1964:155 [ref. 13501]). •Synonym of Racoma waltoni (Regan 1905) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:327 [ref. 21205], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:330 [ref. 25272]). Current status: Synonym of Schizothorax waltoni Regan 1905. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bajiangensis, Cyprinus (Cyprinus) Li [W.-X.] 2019:34, Fig. 1 [Journal of Jishou University (Natural Science Edition) v. 40 (no. 2); ref. 36687] Bajiang, Lunan County [Shilin County], Yunnan, China. Holotype: HRA 651002. Paratype: HRA 651001 (1). •Valid as Cyprinus bajiangensis Li 2019. Current status: Valid as Cyprinus bajiangensis Li 2019. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Bajiang, Shilin County, Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

bakeri, Rohtee Day [F.] 1873:240 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1873 (pt 1) (art. 4) (for 4 Mar. 1873); ref. 18824] Cottayam [Kottayam], Kerala State, India. Syntypes: (3) AMS (none found), ZSI F2701 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:295 [ref. 25110]. •Valid as Osteobrama bakeri (Day 1873) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:237 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:63 [ref. 24904], Biju et al. 1999:481 [ref. 25439], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359]). Current status: Valid as Osteobrama bakeri (Day 1873). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

balcanicus, Barbus Kotlík [P.], Tsigenopoulos [C. S.], Ráb [P.] & Berrebi [P.] 2002:233, Fig. 4 [Folia Zoologica: international journal of vertebrate zoology. v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 26484] Krupaja River (tributary of Mlava River, Danube River basin), at Milanovac, near Krepoljin, Serbia, Yugoslavia (about 44°16'N, 21°37'E). Holotype: NMW 94609. Paratypes: CMK 17002 (2), MNHN 2001-2675 (3), NMW 94610-94611 (3), ZFMK 22321-22335 (15). •Valid as Barbus balcanicus Kotlík, Tsigenopoulos, Ráb & Berrebi 2002 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:118 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Barbieri et al. 2015:45 [ref. 35029], Buonerba et al. 2015:115 [ref. 35178], Antal et al. 2016:187 [ref. 34094]). Current status: Valid as Barbus balcanicus Kotlík, Tsigenopoulos, Ráb & Berrebi 2002. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe: Italy, Slovenia, Greece and Macedonia. Habitat: freshwater.

baldasseronii, Labeo Di Caporiacco [L.] 1948:195 [Bollettino di Pesca, Piscicoltura e Idrobiologia Yr. 23 [v. 2, N.S.]; ref. 721] Macequece [Vila de Manica], Mozambique, southeastern Africa. Lectotype: MZUF 5496. Paralectotypes: MZUF 5497-5504 (8). Type catalog: Vanni 1991:221 [ref. 20099] with lectotype and paralectotypes. •Valid as Labeo baldasseronii Di Caporiacco 1948 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:306 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Valid as Labeo baldasseronii Di Caporiacco 1948. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater.

baliki, Capoeta Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.], Ekmekçi [F. G.] & Imamoğlu [H. O.] 2006:429, Fig. 7 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 113 (no. 2); ref. 28752] Sakarya River, Kιzιlcahamam Stream, at Kιzιlcahamam, 60 kilometers west of Ankara, 40°29'N, 32°39'E, Ankara, Turkey. Holotype: ESFM-PISI/2004-74. Paratypes: CMK 18541 (10); ESFM-PISI/2004-75 (4); FFR 713 (5), 714 (5), 715 (5), 716 (10). •Valid as Capoeta baliki Turan, Kottelat, Ekmekçi & Imamoğlu 2006 -- (Fricke et al. 2007:34 [ref. 29533], Özuluğ & Freyhof 2008:293 [ref. 29981], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Çiçek et al. 2015:143 [ref. 35151], Elp et al. 2018:103 [ref. 35851]). •Synonym of Capoeta tinca (Heckel 1843) -- (Çiçek et al. 2018: 26 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta baliki Turan, Kottelat, Ekmekçi & Imamoğlu 2006. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Rivers draining into southwestern Black Sea: Turkey. Habitat: freshwater.

balleroides, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:158 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Indo-Australian area [not Suriname]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3394. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:25 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbodes balleroides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:32 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:229 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:580 [ref. 23647]). •Valid as Barbonymus aff. balleroides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:148 [ref. 28284]). •Valid as Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:80 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:27 [ref. 35802], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:598 [ref. 36226]). Current status: Valid as Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

balteatus, Cyprinus Milbert [J.-G.] in Heckel 1843:1041 [51] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] On p. 51 of separate [ref. 2067]. Not available, name only; also preoccupied. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

baluchiorum, Scaphiodon Jenkins [J. T.] 1910:124, Pl. 6 (fig. 1) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 5 (art. 12); ref. 14478] Gishtigan (Bampusht), Baluchistan, elevation 3500 feet. Syntypes: ZSI F9398-9400 (3). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:116 [ref. 20743]. •Mention under Cyprinion microphthalmum (Day 1880) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:180 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Cyprinion microphthalmum (Day 1880) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:870 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2015:120 [ref. 35030]). •Synonym of Cyprinion watsoni (Day 1872) -- (Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:84 [ref. 8508], Coad 1995:16 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:4 [ref. 23831], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391], Esmaeili et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinion watsoni (Day 1872). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bamaensis, Crossocheilus Fang [P.-S.] in Zheng 1981:101, Fig. 79 [Freshwater fishes of Guangxi Province 1981; ref. 23151] Panyang River (Hong-shui River), Bama County, Guangxi Province, China. Holotype: ASZIB [now NZMC] 60270 [ex 743114]. Paratypes: (137) 74611, 76003-76113, 741843, 743112, 743115-743138, deposited in ASIZB [now NZMC] 60271, Acad. Sin. Res. Inst. Aquat. Biol., and Fish. Res. Inst., Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region. Type catalog: Zhang 1996:499 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:20 [ref. 33808]. Author is S.-M. Fang. •Valid as Crossocheilus bamaensis Fang 1981 -- (Zheng et al. 1989:207 [ref. 21202]). •Valid as Sinocrossocheilus bamaensis (Fang 1981) -- (Su et al. 2000:217 [ref. 25281], Su et al. 2003:426 [ref. 26953], Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522], Zhao et al. 2011:1550 [ref. 31493], Ma & Zhao 2012:109 [ref. 34891], Ye et al. 2015:20 [ref. 33808]). •Valid as Pseudocrossocheilus bamaensis (Fang 1981) -- (Zhu 1995:67 [ref. 25213], Zhang & Chen 1997:324 [ref. 23731], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:218 [ref. 25272], Yuan et al. 2008:45 [ref. 29667], Zhang et al. 2016:114 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Pseudocrossocheilus bamaensis (Fang 1981). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Guangxi, China. Habitat: freshwater.

bamen, Cophecheilus Zhu [Y.], Zhang [E], Zhang [M.] & Han [Y.-Q.] 2011:43, Figs. 2a, 3, 4 [Zootaxa No. 2881; ref. 31305] A tributary flowing into Zho-Jiang of Zhu-Jiang (Pearl River) drainage, Jingxi County, Guangxi Province, China. Holotype: IHB 20008000009. Paratypes: IHB 2000800010-17 (8). •Valid as Cophecheilus bamen Zhu, Zhang, Zhang & Han 2011 -- (He et al. 2015:301 [ref. 33757], Zhang et al. 2016:108 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Cophecheilus bamen Zhu, Zhang, Zhang & Han 2011. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Zuo River, Pearl River drainage, Guangxi Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

bampurensis, Barbus Nikolskii [A. M.] 1900:410 [36] [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 4; ref. 14731] Bampur, Iran. Syntypes: ZIN 11715 (5). On p. 36 of separate. •Synonym of Cyprinion watsoni (Day 1872) -- (Coad 1996:4 [ref. 23831]). •Synonym of Cyprinion milesi (Day 1880) -- (Coad 1995:16 [ref. 23608], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:870 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2015:120 [ref. 35030], Esmaeili et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinion milesi (Day 1880). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

banarescui, Capoeta Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.], Ekmekçi [F. G.] & Imamoğlu [H. O.] 2006:427, Fig. 5 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 113 (no. 2); ref. 28752] Çoruh drainage, stream Tortum, 100 kilometers north of Erzurum 40°34'N, 41°36'E, Tortum District, Artvin, Turkey. Holotype: ESFM-PISI/2004-072. Paratypes: CMK 18474 (5), 18540 (9), 18549 (1); ESFM-PISI/2004-073 (4); FFR 711 (9), 712 (16), 720 (3). •Valid as Capoeta banarescui Turan, Kottelat, Ekmekçi & Imamoğlu 2006 -- (Fricke et al. 2007:34 [ref. 29533], Özuluğ & Freyhof 2008:293 [ref. 29981], Bektaş et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31470], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912] as cf. banarescui, Çiçek et al. 2015:143 [ref. 35151], Zareian et al. 2016:72 [ref. 34282], Elp et al. 2018:103 [ref. 35851]). •Synonym of Capoeta tinca (Heckel 1843) -- (Çiçek et al. 2018: 26 [ref. 36267]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta banarescui Turan, Kottelat, Ekmekçi & Imamoğlu 2006. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Çoruh River drainage, Turkey and Georgia. Habitat: freshwater.

bandanensis, Scaphognathops Boonyaratpalin [S.] & Srirungroj [M.] 1971:23 [ ref. 22773] Ubon Ratchathani Province. Mool River [Mun] at Bandan Thailand. Holotype: NIFI. Reference not seen. •Valid as Scaphognathops bandanensis Boonyaratpalin & Srirungroj 1971 -- (Rainboth 1996:100 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:56 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:79 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:159 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:43 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Scaphognathops bandanensis Boonyaratpalin & Srirungroj 1971. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

bandula, Puntius Kottelat [M.] & Pethiyagoda [R.] 1991:299, Figs. 1-3 [Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka; ref. 16752] Near Galapitamada, 7°10'N, 80°15'E, Minimaru Coloniya, Kegalle District, Sri Lanka. Holotype: ZSM 27965 [now ZRC 38483]. Paratypes: CMK 7145 (5), 7146 (7). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:255 [ref. 31652]. The holotype is still at ZRC. •Valid as Puntius bandula Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1991 -- (Kullander & Fang 2005:297 [ref. 28193], Silva et al. 2008:62 [ref. 29719], Kullander & Britz 2008:61 [ref. 29861], Meegaskumbura et al. 2008:150 [ref. 29872]). •Valid as Pethia bandula (Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1991) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:81 [ref. 32071], Katwate et al. 2014:244 [ref. 33433], Katwate et al. 2014:213 [ref. 33571], Batuwita et al. 2015:580 [ref. 33714]). Current status: Valid as Pethia bandula (Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1991). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

bangana, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1839:220 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Not available, name only. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

bangon, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1839:277, Pl. 58 (fig. 2) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] No locality. No types known. Name available by reference to plate. •Synonym of Cirrhinus ariza (Hamilton 1807) -- (Roberts 1997:183 [ref. 23550]). •Synonym of Gymnostomus ariza (Hamilton 1807). Current status: Synonym of Gymnostomus ariza (Hamilton 1807). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bangongensis, Schizopygopsis stoliczkae Wu [Y.-F.] & Zhu [S.-Q.] 1979:23, Figs. 6 (a-e) [Fishes of Ali, Tibet 1979; ref. 8391] Ban-Gong Lake and Yi-ya-ke River, Tibet, China. Syntypes: (78) 747004, 747037-49, 747051-59, 747066, 747068-69, 747073, 747075, 747077-78, 747080, 747083, 747085, 747087, 747089-90, 747092-94, 747114-117, 747119, 747121-122, 747126-127, 747130-133, 747137-140, 747142, 747145-146, 747149-154, 747156-157, 747159-170. •Synonym of Schizopygopsis stoliczkae [should be stoliczkai] Steindachner 1866, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Wu & Wu 1992:499 [ref. 21205], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:373 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:120 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Schizopygopsis bangongensis Wu & Zhu 1979 -- (Tang et al. 2019:13 [ref. 36511]). Current status: Valid as Schizopygopsis bangongensis Wu & Zhu 1979. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Distribution: Tibet, China. Habitat: freshwater.

bangwelensis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1905:643 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 16 (no. 96) (art. 72); ref. 15342] Lake Bangwelo [Bangweolo, Bangwelu], Zambia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1905.11.10.6. As banguelensis in Boulenger 1911:151 [ref. 579]. •Synonym of Barbus radiatus Peters 1853 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:284 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:143 [ref. 23725], Van Steenberge et al. 2014:333 [ref. 33291] as 'Barbus'). •Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

banksi, Puntius binotatus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1940:31 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 16; ref. 11006] 18 miles east of Kuching, Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Lectotype: CAS-SU 33900. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 33903 (21), ZRC 349 (20). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:37 [ref. 12291], Alfred 1970:71 [ref. 23931]. Lectotype selected by Böhlke 1953:37 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Puntius binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:61 [ref. 6439]). •Valid as Systomus banksi (Herre 1940) -- (Ng & Tan 1999:355 [ref. 24159], Parenti & Lim 2005:185 [ref. 28285]). •Valid as Puntius banksi Herre 1940 -- (Kottelat & Lim 1995:232 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832], Tan & Lim 2004:109 [ref. 27716], Rachmatika 2004:184 [ref. 28450], Grinang & Lim 2004:288 [ref. 28551], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:153 [ref. 28284]). •Valid as Barbodes banksi (Herre 1840) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:26 [ref. 35802], Ng et al. 2019:521 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes banksi (Herre 1940). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Malaya (Malaysia), Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

banmo, Hongshuia Zhang [E], Qiang [X.] & Lan [J.-H.] 2008:40, Figs. 2B, 3B, 4B [Zootaxa No. 1682; ref. 29452] Hongshui He at Banmo village, Tian's County, about 25°01'N, 107°10'E, Pearl River drainage, Guangxi Province, China. Holotype: IHASW 200410806. •Valid as Hongshuia banmo Zhang, Qiang & Lan 2008 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:112 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Hongshuia banmo Zhang, Qiang & Lan 2008. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Honshui He of the Pearl River, Guangxi Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

bannaensis, Sinocyclocheilus Li [W.-X.], Li [C.-Q.] & Chen [H.-Y.] 2019:61, Fig. 1 [Journal of Jishou University (Natural Science Edition) v. 40 (no. 1); ref. 36488] Luosuojiang, Nanban River drainage, Xishuangbanna prefecture, Yunnan Province, China, 21°55'N, 101°14'E [incorrectly given in article]. Holotype (unique): HRA 84050508. Also seen as Bannaensis. •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus bannaensis Li, Li & Chen 2019. Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus bannaensis Li, Li & Chen 2019. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Luosuojiang, Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

bantamensis, Barbus Rendahl [H.] 1920:1, Fig. 1 [Arkiv för Zoologi v. 12 (no. 16); ref. 15255] Ban Tam, Maeping River, eastern foothills of Doi Chieng Dao, northwestern Thailand. Holotype (unique): NHRM 10969. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:3 [ref. 25088]. •Valid as Acrossocheilus bantamensis (Rendahl 1920) -- (Datta & Karmakar 1984:170 [ref. 8167]). •Synonym of Poropuntius laoensis (Günther 1868) -- (Rainboth 1996: [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Poropuntius bantamensis (Rendahl 1920) -- (Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Roberts 1998:113 [ref. 23549], Kottelat 2013:143 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius bantamensis (Rendahl 1920). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

banthangensis, Garroides Nguyen [V. H.] & Vu [T. H. N.] 2014:175, Fig. [Science and Technology journal of Agriculture & Rural Development (Nông Nghiêp & Phát Triên Nông Thôn) 2014 (no. 3-4); ref. 36457] Lo Gam River system, Ban Thang commune, Quan Ba district, Ha Giang province, Vietnam. Holotype: RIAH HG.06.03.001. Paratypes: RIAH. •Valid as Garroides banthangensis Nguyen & Vu 2014. Current status: Valid as Garroides banthangensis Nguyen & Vu 2014. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Lo Gam River system, Ha Giang province, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

bantolanensis, Barbus Day [A. L.] 1914:188, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [Philippine Journal of Science v. 9 (Sect. D, no. 2); ref. 12407] Lake Manguao near Taytay, northern Palawan Island, Philippines. Holotype: CAS-SU 29823. Paratypes: FMNH 47122 (12), CAS-SU 69674 (5 or 4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:30 [ref. 12291]. Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989] gives precedence to manguaoensis over bantolanensis. •Synonym of Barbodes manguaoensis (Day 1914) -- (Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes manguaoensis (Day 1914). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

baolacensis, Acrossocheilus Nguyen [V. H.] in Nguyen & Ngo 2001:387, Fig. 189 [Freshwater fishes of Viet Nam. Volume I. Family Cyprinidae v. 1; ref. 28301] Nho Quê, Bao Lac, Cao Bàng, Viêt Nam. Holotype: VNCNTTS I: H.01.72.13.01. Paratypes: VNCNTTS I: H.01.72.13.02 (2). •Valid as Poropuntius baolacensis (Nguyen 2001) with question -- (Kottelat 2013:143 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius baolacensis (Nguyen 2001). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Nho Quê River, Bao Lac County, Cao Bàng Province, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

baoshanensis, Barbodes Chen [X.-Y.] & Yang [J.-X.] in Chen, Yang & Chen 1999:85, Fig. 3 [Zoological Studies v. 38 (no. 1); ref. 23883] Baoshan, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: KIZ 839345. Paratypes: KIZ 799347 (1), 6411006 (1), 8310188 (1). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:348 [ref. 32939]. •Valid as Barbodes baoshanensis Chen & Yang 1999. •Valid as Neolissochilus baoshanensis (Chen & Yang 1999) -- (Zhang & Fang 2005:61 [ref. 28089], Kottelat 2013:126 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:91 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus baoshanensis (Chen & Yang 1999). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

baoulan, Barbodes Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1926:499, Pl. 1 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 29 (no. 4); ref. 10952] Lake Lanao, Mindanao, Philippines. Syntypes: (9) BSMP (8?) presumed destroyed, CAS-SU 24469 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:30 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Barbodes baoulan Herre 1926 -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes baoulan Herre 1926. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Lake Lanao, Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

baoxingensis, Schizopygopsis malacanthus Fu [T.-Y.], Ding [R.-H.] & Ye [M.-R.] in Ding 1994:399 [English p. 611], Fig. 307 [The fishes of Sichuan, China; ref. 21531] Raoji, upper Qing Yin Jiang, Baoxing County, Sichuan, China, elevation 2180 meters. Holotype: Mus. Sichuan Inst. Nat. Res. 900027. Paratypes: (54) IHASW 900010; Mus. Sichuan Inst. Nat. Res. 6-0370, 6-1452, 90004-26, 900028, 900021 (1, allotype); Sichuan Agric. Univ. 6-0313 to 17, 6-0378, 6-0382. •Synonym of Schizopygopsis malacanthus Herzenstein 1891, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Zhang et al. 2016:120 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Schizopygopsis malacanthus Herzenstein 1891. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Habitat: freshwater.

barakae, Tor Arunkumar [L.] & Basudha [Ch.] 2003:272, Fig. 1 [Aquacult v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 28839] Barak River at Barak Bridge, Manipur, India. Holotype: IBSD 01. Paratypes: IBSD 04 (4). •Synonym of Tor tor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:169 [ref. 32989] with question). •Valid as Tor barakae Arunkumar & Basudha 2003 -- (Laskar et al. 2018:[8] [ref. 35834], Pinder et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36696]). Current status: Valid as Tor barakae Arunkumar & Basudha 2003. Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: India: Barak River drainage, Manipur endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

barbatula, Rohita Sauvage [H.-E.] 1878:239 [7] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 2; ref. 3879] Mekong upstream ofe Phnom-Penh. [Phnokm-Penh], Cambotia. Holotype: MNHN 0000-9641. Non-types: MNHN A-2400 (1) Laos, 4452 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:18 [ref. 19574] with holotype and paratypes. •Synonym of Labeo chrysophekadian (Bleeker 1850) -- (Kottelat 1984:806 [ref. 11440], Karnasuta 1993: [ref. 20700]). •Valid as Labeo barbatulus (Sauvage 1878) -- (Kottelat 2001:57 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:115 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Labeo barbatulus (Sauvage 1878). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Cambodia. Habitat: freshwater.

barbatulus, Gymnostomus Pellegrin [J.] 1908:263 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 14 (no. 6); ref. 14392] Lake Candidius, Taiwan. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1908-0169. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:28 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Onychostoma barbatula (Pellegrin 1908) -- (Shan et al. in Yue 2000:130 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Varicorhinus barbatulus (Pellegrin 1908) -- (Wu et al. 1977:302 [ref. 4807], Zheng et al. 1989:188 [ref. 21202], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:158 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:60 [ref. 25213], Wang et al. 2004:1143 [ref. 27757], Ho & Shao 2011:28 [ref. 31432]). •Valid as Scaphesthes barbatulus (Pellegrin 1908) -- (Ho & Shao 2011: 30 [ref. 31432]). •Valid as Onychostoma barbatulum (Pellegrin 1908) -- (Xin et al. 2009:261 [ref. 30708], Jang-Liaw & Chen 2013:63 [ref. 32417], Kottelat 2013:129 [ref. 32989], Hoang et al. 2015:123 [ref. 33811], Song et al. 2018:161 [ref. 35890]). Current status: Valid as Onychostoma barbatulum (Pellegrin 1908). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: Taiwan and China. Habitat: freshwater.

barbatulus, Tylognathus Heckel [J. J.] 1844:376, Fig. [Fische Kaschmir's; ref. 18255] Kashmir. Syntypes: NMW 48820 (6). •Synonym of Crossocheilus latius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Coad 1981:10 [ref. 22348]). •Synonym of Crossocheilus diplochilus (Heckel 1838) -- (Kullander et al. 1999:133 [ref. 23689]). •Synonym of Crossocheilus latius (Hamilton 1822) subspecies diplochilus (Heckel 1838) -- (Menon 1999:141 [ref. 24904] as diplocheilus). •Synonym of Tariqilabeo diplochilus (Heckel 1838) -- (Esmaeili et al. 2017:59 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:39 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Synonym of Tariqilabeo diplochilus (Heckel 1838). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

barbatus, Cyprinus (Cyprinus) pellegrini Chen [H.-L.] & Huang [H.-Q.] 1977:423, Fig. 8-19 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 2; ref. 8497] Erh Hai, Yunnan Province, China. Syntypes: KIZ 646635-38 (1 ea.), 646640-41 (1, 1), 646710-13 (1 ea.), 646717-21 (1 ea.), 646726-27 (1, 1), 646729 (1), 646731-32 (1, 1), 646734 (1). •Valid as Cyprinus barbatus Chen & Huang 1977 -- (Zhou in Chu & Chen 1989:335 [ref. 13584], Zheng et al. 1989:235 [ref. 21202], Zhu 1995:98 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:256 [ref. 23556], Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:419 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:94 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:84 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinus barbatus Chen & Huang 1977. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Erhai Lake and Yilong Lake, Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

barbatus, Gymnostomus Lin [S.-Y.] 1931:113 [Carps and carp-like fishes; ref. 4019] Yaoshan, Kwangsi and southern Hunan, China. Lectotype: whereabouts unknown. Genus originally misspelled Gymnosfomus. Lectotype selected by Lin 1933:201. •Valid as Varicorhinus barbatus (Lin 1931) -- (Wu et al. 1977:302 [ref. 4807], Zheng et al. 1989:187 [ref. 21202], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:157 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:60 [ref. 25213]). •Valid as Scaphesthes barbatus (Lin 1931) -- (Ding 1994:330 [ref. 21531], Tang et al. 2001:13 [ref. 25373]). •Valid as Onychostoma barbata (Lin 1931) -- (Bănărescu 1971:363 [ref. 20619], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:129 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Onychostoma barbatum (Lin 1931) -- (Xin et al. 2009:261 [ref. 30708], Kottelat 2013:129 [ref. 32989], Song et al. 2018:161 [ref. 35890]). Current status: Valid as Onychostoma barbatum (Lin 1931). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

barbatus, Labeo Boulenger [G. A.] 1898:36, Pl. 19 (fig. 2) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 2); ref. 4864] Boma, Lower Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo, 5°50'S, 13°03'E [5°06'S, 23°13'E]. Lectotype: BMNH 1898.12.28.7. Paralectotypes: MRAC 37 (1) Matadi, 59 (1) Matadi, 93 (1) Manyanga. Lectotype selected by Reid 1985:174 [ref. 19189]. Type and locality information: Tshibwabwa & Teugels 1995:1559 [ref. 27895]. •Valid as Labeo barbatus Boulenger 1898 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:306 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:172 [ref. 19189], Tshibwabwa 1997:353 [ref. 24617], Tshibwabwa et al. 2006:33 [ref. 28698], van Steenberge et al. 2016:3 [ref. 34374]). Current status: Valid as Labeo barbatus Boulenger 1898. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

barbatus, Schizothorax McClelland [J.] & Griffith [W.] in McClelland 1842:580 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 2926] Kabul River at Jalalabad, Afganistan. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1843.2.25.69 (1, dry skin). •Valid as Schizothorax barbatus McClelland 1842 -- (Coad 1981:12 [ref. 22348]). •Questionably a synonym of Schizothorax esocinus Heckel 1838 -- (Kullander et al. 1999:127 [ref. 23689]). Current status: Uncertain as Schizothorax esocinus Heckel 1838. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: Afganistan. Habitat: freshwater.

barbatus, Schizothorax intermedius kessleri natio Turdakov [F. A.] 1968:41 [Kyrgyz SSR Ilimder Akademijasynyn kabarlary = Izvestia Akademii Nauk Kirgizskoj SSR. Serija biologiceskich nauk. 1968; ref. 7928] Not available, infrasubspecific; from rivers in Alay Valley, Uzbekistan. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae.

barbatus, Systomus McClelland [J.] 1842:573 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 2926] Name only in list of new taxa, no included description. Cyprinidae.

barbo, Ciprinus Nardo [G. D.] 1824:259 [Giornale di fisica, chimica e storia naturale, medicina, ed arti. (series 2) v. 7; ref. 3144] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Not accompanied by "nob." or "nobis" as in other new species proposals in this work. Treated as Cyprinus barbio by Nardo 1827:34 [ref. 3146]. Perhaps intended for Cyprinus barbus Linnaeus 1758 as used in Nardo 1827:col. 482 [ref. 19740]. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

barbodon, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] & Pope [C. H.] 1927:345, Fig. 16 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 54 (art. 2); ref. 5747] Nodoa, Hainan Island, China. Holotype: AMNH 8368. Paratypes: AMNH 10697 (2). •Questionably a synonym of Acrossocheilus iridescens (Nichols & Pope 1927) -- (Wu et al. 1977:289 [ref. 4807], Kottelat 2013:71 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Acrossocheilus iridescens (Nichols & Pope 1927) subspecies iridescens (Nichols & Pope 1927) -- (Jin in Kuang et al. 1986:117 [ref. 26639]). Current status: Synonym of Acrossocheilus iridescens (Nichols & Pope 1927). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

barbouri, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1924:83, Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 76; ref. 15446] Probably Himalayas, India. Holotype (unique): MCZ 18653. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

barbulus, Barbus Heckel [J. J.] 1847:256 [Reisen in Europa, Asien und Africa v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 2068] Kara Agatsch River, Iran; Kueik River at Aleppo, Syria. Syntypes: NMW 6596 (1). •Probably a synonym of Barbus pectoralis Heckel 1847 -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:11, 13 [ref. 23608]). •Valid as Barbus barbulus Heckel 1847 [also seen as 1849 and 1843] -- (Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Fricke et al. 2007:32 [ref. 29533], Coad 2010:106 [ref. 36620]). •Valid as Luciobarbus barbulus (Heckel 1847) -- (Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391] dated 1849, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:874 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:31 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus barbulus (Heckel 1847). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Euphrates and Tigris river basins: Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

barbus, Cyprinus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:320 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Europe. Lectotype: BMNH 1853.11.12.144 (skin). Paralectotypes: NRM 8052 (1), 8055 (1). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:212 [ref. 13434], Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:217-218 [ref. 20707]. The Gronovius specimen in the British Museum has been suggested as the putative lectotype by Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:218 [ref. 20707]; that specimen designated lectotype by Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952]. •Valid as Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:687 [ref. 20661], Lelek 1987:156 [ref. 22962], Bianco 1995:307 [ref. 21944], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:87 [ref. 23589], Bianco 1998:127 [ref. 23811], Briolay et al. 1998:101 [ref. 25586], Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:174 [ref. 25489], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:194 [ref. 26728], Kotlík et al. 2002:237 [ref. 26484], Ryabov 2002:794 [ref. 26575], Bănărescu et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:43 [ref. 27353], Hanel 2003:51 [ref. 27894], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:46 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:167 [ref. 28369], Hanel & Lusk 2005:233 [ref. 28804], Kottelat 2006:87 [ref. 28831], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:32 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:119 [ref. 29996], Kottelat 2013:110 [ref. 32989], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Parin et al. 2014:70 [ref. 33547], Buonerba et al. 2015:115 [ref. 35178], Turan et al. 2018:554 [ref. 36092]). Current status: Valid as Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Widespread in Europe to Ukraine. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

barilioides, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1914:385 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 14 (no. 83); ref. 14146] Solwezi River, tributary of Chifulowa River, [n. Rhodesia] Zambia. Syntypes: BMNH 1914.9.21.10-11 (2). •Synonym of Barbus fasciolatus Günther 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:244 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius fasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius fasciolatus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

barnardi, Barbus Jubb [R. A.] 1965:41 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 8 (no. 85); ref. 19233] Mwekera Fish Farm about 8 miles above confluence of Mwekera and Kafue rivers, South Africa. Holotype: AMG P1055. Paratypes: AMG P1056-1071 (orig. 16, now 13). Type catalog: Skelton & Stuart 1987:181 [ref. 12628]. •Valid as Barbus barnardi Jubb 1965 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:229 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:145 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:145 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:86 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius barnardi (Jubb 1965) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:43 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius barnardi (Jubb 1965). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

barotseensis, Barbus radiatus var. Pellegrin [J.] 1920:149 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 45; ref. 15249] Zambezi River, Léalui, Zambia. Syntypes: MNHN 1920-0079 (8). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:35 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus barotseensis Pellegrin 1920 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:229 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:137 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:137 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:81 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius barotseensis (Pellegrin 1920) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:44 [ref. 36373], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius barotseensis (Pellegrin 1920). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central and southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

barreimiae, Garra Fowler [H. W.] & Steinitz [H.] 1956:262, Figs. 1-4 [Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel v. 5B (no. 3-4); ref. 1478] Buraimi, Oman. Holotype: ANSP 72129 (missing). Paratypes: ANSP 72133-34 (2); HUJ 2085/1 (1), HUJ [ex ANSP 72130-32] (3, missing); ZSI F2285/2 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:109 [ref. 20743], Böhlke 1984:69 [ref. 13621], Golani 2006:22 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Garra barreimiae Fowler & Steinitz 1956 -- (Banister & Clarke 1977:132 [ref. 7232], Alkahem & Behnke 1983:562 [ref. 8384], Krupp 1983:592 [ref. 8320], Krupp 1988:403 [ref. 13859] with subspecies, Romero & Paulson 2001:17 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:66 [ref. 28992], Krupp & Budd 2009:120 [ref. 30148], Hamidan et al. 2014:234 [ref. 33626], Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:77 [ref. 34042], Mousavi-Sabet & Eagderi 2016:45 [ref. 34341], Lyon et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34670], Pichler et al. 2018:1054 [ref. 35892]). Current status: Valid as Garra barreimiae Fowler & Steinitz 1956. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Oman, Southeastern Arabia. Habitat: freshwater.

barroisi, Capoeta Lortet [L.] in Barrois 1894:308 [Revue biologique du nord de la France. v. 6 (1893-1894); ref. 23598] Lake Homs, at Schoummarieh Village, Orontes drainage, Hims District, Syria; Antioche (Antakya, Turkey). No types known. Syntypes: (several) FMUL uncat. (several, probably lost), MHNL uncat. (1). •Valid as Capoeta barroisi Lortet 1894 -- (Coad 1991:15 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Turan et al. 2006:153 [ref. 28700], Fricke et al. 2007:34 [ref. 29533], Turan et al. 2008:266 [ref. 29989] with redefined range, Özuluğ & Freyhof 2008:293 [ref. 29981], Küçük et al. 2009:72 [ref. 30468], Coad 2010:149 [ref. 36620], Esmaeili et al. 2010:368 [ref. 33391], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Çiçek et al. 2015:143 [ref. 35151], Zareian et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34227], Zareian et al. 2016:71 [ref. 34282], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2016:169 [ref. 34989], Turan et al. 2017:437 [ref. 35330], Elp et al. 2018:103 [ref. 35851]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta barroisi Lortet 1894. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eastern Mediterranean watersheds, Tigris River and Gulf basins: Turkey, Iraq, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

barryi, Barbus Daget [J.] 1962:79, Fig. 17 [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 65; ref. 5866] Konkouré, at bridge on road Kindia-Télimélé, Guinea. Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0529 (7). •Valid as Barbus barryi Daget 1962 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:229 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus wurtzi Pellegrin 1908 -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:118 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:305 [ref. 21589]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus wurtzi (Pellegrin 1908) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:71 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus wurtzi (Pellegrin 1908). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

basavarajai, Hypselobarbus Arunachalam [M.], Chinnaraja [S.] & Mayden [R. L.] 2016:154, Fig. 2B [FishTaxa v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 34986] Bhadra River at Bhadravathi, Karnataka, India, 13°83'N, 75°69'E. Holotype: ZSI/SRF F8756. Paratypes: CMA, MSUMNH. •Valid as Hypselobarbus basavarajai Arunachalam, Chinnaraja & Mayden 2016. Current status: Valid as Hypselobarbus basavarajai Arunachalam, Chinnaraja & Mayden 2016. Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Bhadra River, Karnataka, India. Habitat: freshwater.

baschakirdi, Barbus Holly [M.] 1929:62 [1] [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 66 (no. 7); ref. 16087] Guadjk, southeastern Iran. Holotype (unique): NMW 13798. On p. 1 of separate. •Synonym of Cyprinion watsoni (Day 1872) -- (Coad 1996:4 [ref. 23831]). •Synonym of Cyprinion milesi (Day 1880) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:181 [ref. 20764], Coad 1995:16 [ref. 23608], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:870 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2015:120 [ref. 35030], Esmaeili et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinion milesi (Day 1880). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

basimi, Caecocypris Banister [K. E.] & Bunni [M. K.] 1980:151, Figs. 1-5 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 38 (no. 3); ref. 175] Natural well in the Sheik Hadid sink hole, outskirts of Haditha, 34°04'N, 42°24'E, Al Anbar Province, Iraq, Euphrates River system. Holotype: BMNH 1979.8.3.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1979.8.3.2-3 (2), 1979.8.3.4-6 (3), 1979.8.3.7-9 (3). •Valid as Caecocypris basimi Banister & Bunni 1980 -- (Coad 1991:15 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608], Romero & Paulson 2001:17 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:65 [ref. 28992], Coad 2010:145 [ref. 36620]). Current status: Valid as Caecocypris basimi Banister & Bunni 1980. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Euphrates River system, Iraq. Habitat: freshwater.

bata, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:283, 386 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Rivers and ponds of Bengal, India. No types known. Tracing of unpublished drawing in Günther 1872:765. •Valid as Labeo bata (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:119 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:199 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:506 [ref. 23778], Manimekalan 1998:434 [ref. 24989], Menon 1999:126 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:100 [ref. 25342], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Selim & Vishwanath 2001:292 [ref. 25885], Mirza 2003:7 [ref. 27265], Ataur Rahman 2003:137 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:68 [ref. 29923], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Kottelat 2013:115 [ref. 32989], Bleher 2018:576 [ref. 36647]). •Possibly in the genus Bangana Hamilton 1822 -- (Kottelat 2017:494 [ref. 35262]). Current status: Valid as Labeo bata (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Asia: Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

batesi, Prolabeo Norman [J. R.] 1932:182, Fig. 2 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 10 (no. 56); ref. 3222] Tributaries of Bagwe River, Sierra Leone. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1932.5.18.13. •Valid as Prolabeo batesi Norman 1932 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:330 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:298 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:339 [ref. 26477], Poll & Gosse 1995:165 [ref. 24781]). Current status: Valid as Prolabeo batesi Norman 1932. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

batesii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:25, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1903, v. 1 (pt 1) (art. 3); ref. 570] Kribi River, southern Cameroon (±2°56'N, 9°54'E). Holotype (unique): BMNH 1902.11.12.128. Non-types: BMNH 1904.2.29.32-36. •Valid as Barbus batesii Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:230 [ref. 6186] with paratypes, but apparently based on a single individual originally). •Valid as Labeobarbus batesii (Boulenger 1903) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:521 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus batesii (Boulenger 1903). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

batesii, Labeo Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:372 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 8 (no. 45); ref. 14783] Kribi River, southern Cameroon [French Equatorial Africa], about 2°56'N, 9°56'E. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1912.6.23.3. •Valid as Labeo batesii Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:306 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:134 [ref. 19189], De Weirdt et al. 2007:555 [ref. 30024], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeo batesii Boulenger 1911. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

baudoni, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1918:426 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 2 (no. 11); ref. 15096] Syntypes: BMNH 1918.12.11.3-5 (3). •Valid as Barbus baudoni Boulenger 1918 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:230 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:201 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:337 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367]). •Valid as Enteromius baudoni (Boulenger 1918) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius baudoni (Boulenger 1918). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

baudoni, Discognathus Pellegrin [J.] 1923:339 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 48; ref. 15420] Loukoula River, tributary of the Loémé Gabon. Holotype: MNHN 1923-0055. Paratypes: MNHN 1923-0056 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:54-55 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Garra ornata (Nichols & Griscom 1917) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:303 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Synonym of Garra ornata (Nichols & Griscom 1917). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bawkuensis, Barbus Hopson [A. J.] 1965:254, Fig. 4 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 71 (nos 3-4); ref. 9216] White Volta, Bazua Bridge, 10 miles west of Bawku, 11°05'N, 0°10'W, northern Ghana. Holotype: BMNH 1964.9.8.278. Paratypes: BMNH 1964.9.8.279-285 (7), MRAC 153534 (1). •Valid as Barbus bawkuensis Hopson 1965 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:230 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:351 [ref. 21589], Dankwa et al. 1999:28 [ref. 28023], Farm 2000:980 [ref. 25015], Hauber et al. 2011:81 [ref. 31428]). •Valid as Enteromius bawkuensis (Hopson 1965) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius bawkuensis (Hopson 1965). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bayoni, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:77 [14] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 5 (no. 45); ref. 580] Jinja, Ripon Falls and Kakindu, Victoria Nile, Uganda. Syntypes: BMNH 1911.3.3.5 (1) Kakindu; MSNG 17329 [or 17349] (1), 17347 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:184-185 [ref. 10343]. On p. 14 of separate. •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:223 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990 [ref. 17656], Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

beasleyi, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:194, Figs. 153-154 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Mekong River at Kemrat [Kemarat], Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 68140. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:12 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:70 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Poropuntius beasleyi (Fowler 1937) -- (Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832]). •Synonym of Hypsibarbus wetmorei (Smith 1931) -- (Rainboth 1996:122 [ref. 22681], Rainboth 1996:97 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 2001:57 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:113 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsibarbus wetmorei (Smith 1931). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

beavani, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:96 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Cossye River, India. Syntypes: BMNH 1867.5.12.11 (1), 1867.5.12.27 (1). •Synonym of Chagunius chagunio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:73 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Chagunius chagunio (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

beddomii, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:110 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Sea of Galilee [Bahr Tabariya], Israel. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1863.11.3.5. •Synonym of Barbus canis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Krupp & Schneider 1989:360 [ref. 13651]). •Valid as Carasobarbus canis (Valenciennes 1842) based on placement of canis. •Synonym of Carasobarbus canis (Valnciennes 1842) -- (Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:11 [ref. 32915]). Current status: Synonym of Carasobarbus canis (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

behri, Labeo Fowler [H. W.] 1937:206, Figs. 175-176 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Mekong River at Kemrat [Kemarat], Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68190. Paratypes: ANSP 68191-98 (8), 68199 (1), 68200 (1, c&s). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:7 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:70 [ref. 13621]. •Questionably a synonym of Lobocheilus pierei Sauvage 1880 -- (Kottelat 1984:802 [ref. 11440]). •Valid as Bangana behri (Fowler 1937) -- (Rainboth 1996:106 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 2001:38 [ref. 25780], Luo & Zhou 2009:66 [ref. 30000], Kottelat & Steiner 2011:317 [ref. 31189]). •Valid as Incisilabeo behri (Fowler 1937) -- (Kottelat 2013:113 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2017:493 [ref. 35262]). Current status: Valid as Incisilabeo behri (Fowler 1937). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Asia: Mekong River mainstream and large tributaries. Habitat: freshwater.

beijiangensis, Acrossocheilus wenchowensis Wu [H.-W.] & Lin [R.-D.] in Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen & He 1977:280, Fig. 7-31 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 2; ref. 4807] Lian-Xian and Yang-Shan, Guangdong, China. Syntypes: 0154 (1), 0928-29 (1, 1), 1081 (1), 660025 (1), 660027-28 (1, 1), 660050-51 (1, 1). •Synonym of Acrossocheilus wenchowensis Wang 1935, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Zheng et al. 1989:181 [ref. 21202], Zhu 1995:57 [ref. 25213]). •Valid as Acrossocheilus beijiangensis Wu & Lin 1977 -- (Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:148 [ref. 23876], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:106 [ref. 25272], Yuan et al. 2006:170 [ref. 28704], Lan et al. 2014:437 [ref. 33407], Yuan et al. 2015:160 [ref. 34103], Zhang et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Acrossocheilus beijiangensis Wu & Lin 1977. Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: Guangdong, China. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

beipanensis, Schizothorax Yang [J.], Chen [X.-Y.] & Yang [J.-X.] 2009:36, Fig. 11 [Zootaxa No. 2006; ref. 30052] Suoqiao River, Shanbanqiao Town, Pu'an County, Gui-Zhou Province, 25°47'07.3"N, 104°43'31.3"E, China, elevation 1326 meters. Holotype: KIZ 20060064. Paratypes: at KIZ. Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:349 [ref. 32939] with holotype as 200600645. •Valid as Schizothorax beipanensis Yang, Chen & Yang 2009 -- (Arunkumar & Alphonsa Moyon 2016:69 [ref. 34448], Zhang et al. 2016:121 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Schizothorax beipanensis Yang, Chen & Yang 2009. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: Upper tributaries of Beipan Jiang, Pearl River basin, China. Habitat: freshwater.

belangeri, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:99 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Bengal, India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3898 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:81 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Osteobrama belangeri (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:237 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:9 [ref. 22832], Menon 1999:63 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Vishwanath & Shanta Kumar 2007:2881 [ref. 29365] dated 1843, Kottelat 2013:134 [ref. 32989], Maisnam et al. 2017:13 [ref. 35689], Singh et al. 2018:362 [ref. 35172], Rahman et al. 2018:109 [ref. 36230], Bleher 2018:636 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Osteobrama belangeri (Valenciennes 1844). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Manipur, north-east India and north-west Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

belangeri, Rohita Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:255 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Bengal. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3868 (5, poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:15 [ref. 19574]. Unneeded new name for Cirrhine micropogon Valenciennes 1834. •Synonym of Labeo calbasu (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Dhas 2000:83 [ref. 25342], Kottelat 2013:115 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo calbasu (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

belayewi, Barbus Menon [M. A. S.] 1960:144, Fig. 2 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 54 (pts 3-4) (1956); ref. 4961] Tigris River, Bagdad, Iraq. Holotype: ZSI-F1046/2. Paratypes: ZSI F1047/2 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:104 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:353 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Capoeta damascina (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Coad 1991:15 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:14 [ref. 23608]). Current status: Synonym of Capoeta damascina (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

belense, Scaphiodon watsoni var. Zugmayer [E.] 1912:596 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 10 (no. 60); ref. 14897] Porali River, near Las Bela, Baluchistan, Pakistan. Syntypes: NMW 19833 [ex ZSM] (2); ?ZSI F827/1 (1), F8029/1 (1), F8030/1 (1), F8031/1 (1); ZSM [old collection] (orig. 42) destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:117 [ref. 20743], Neumann 2006:273 [ref. 28925]. •Synonym of Cyprinion watsoni (Day 1872) -- (Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:84 [ref. 8508], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:183 [ref. 20764], Coad 1996:4 [ref. 23831]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinion watsoni (Day 1872). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

belinka, Systomus Bleeker [P.] 1860:321 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 7 (art. 2); ref. 380] Padang, Solok, and Sinkara, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (9) BMNH 1866.5.2.192 (1) Sumatra; ?NMV 45938 (1); RMNH 7020 (1), 7132 (1). Original lists Cypr. Tab. XXXI, fig. 1, which was published in 1864 as Cypr. Pl. 37 (fig. 1). •Valid as Barboides belinka (Bleeker 1860) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:32 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Barbonymus belnka (Bleeker 1960) -- (Kottelat 2013:81 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Barbonymus belinka (Bleeker 1860). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Sumatra and Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

bellcrossi, Barbus Jubb [R. A.] 1965:539, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 7 (no. 81) (for 1964); ref. 9219] Nyakaseya, Upper Zambezi River, 11°08'S, 24°08'E, Zambia, elevation 4000 feet. Holotype: AMG P1051. Paratypes: AMG P1052-54 (3, 1 decapitated). Type catalog: Skelton & Stuart 1987:181 [ref. 12628]. •Valid as Barbus bellcrossi Jubb 1965 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:230 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:137 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:137 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Clypeobarbus bellcrossi (Jubb 1965) -- (Conway & Stiassny 2008:263 [ref. 29761], Stiassny & Sakharva 2016:1409 [ref. 34176], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Clypeobarbus bellcrossi (Jubb 1965). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bellcrossi, Coptostomabarbus Poll [M.] 1969:122, Fig. 7 [Bulletin de la Classe des Sciences, Académie Royale de Belgique (Ser. 5) v. 55; ref. 17957] Luongo River, Rhodesian-Congo system. Holotype: MRAC 142082. Paratypes: MRAC 142083-84 (2), 142085 (1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:37 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Coptostomabarbus bellcrossi Poll 1969 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:300 [ref. 6186] as Coptostomobarbus, Poll & Gosse 1995:163 [ref. 24781]). Current status: Valid as Coptostomabarbus bellcrossi Poll 1969. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bellus, Osteochilus Popta [C. M. L.] 1904:197 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (no. 4) (art. 6) (for Oct. 1902); ref. 3547] Bo River, Piit, central Borneo. Syntypes (3): RMNH 7580 (5), 29317 [ex RMNH 7580] (1). •Valid as Osteochilus bellus Popta 1904 -- (Karnasuta 1993:35 [ref. 20700], Kottelat et al. 1993:39 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:9 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:134 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Osteochilus bellus Popta 1904. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

benasi, Crossochilus Pellegrin [J.] & Chevey [P.] 1936:226, Fig. 4 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 61; ref. 13735] Laokay Province, Muong Hum, Vietnam. Lectotype: MNHN 1935-0338. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1935-0339 (1) Pont des Lianes. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:54 [ref. 19574]. Original genus is correctly Crossocheilus. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 2013:126 [ref. 32989]. •Valid as Crossochilus benasi Pellegrin & Chevey 1936 -- (Mai 1978:102 [ref. 13511]). •In genus Neolissochilus -- (Rainboth 1985:30 [ref. 5968]). •Valid as Barbodes benasi (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:181 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:55 [ref. 25213], Chen et al. 1999:83 [ref. 23883], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:15 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Neolissochilus benasi (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Kottelat 2001:31 [ref. 25482], Zhang & Fang 2005:61 [ref. 28089], Kottelat 2013:126 [ref. 32989], Hoàng et al. 2015:566 [ref. 33936], Zhang et al. 2016:91 [ref. 34477], Lalramliana et al. 2018:[5] [ref. 35912]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus benasi (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Vietnam and China. Habitat: freshwater.

bengalensis, Cirrhina Bleeker [P.] 1853:136, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 25 (art. 8); ref. 341] Hooghly River, Calcutta, India. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1866.5.2.102 (1), RMNH 4972 (1). Original genus should have been Cirrhinus. •Synonym of Cirrhinus reba (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:124 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:141 [ref. 31338]). •Synonym of Gymnostomus ariza (Hamilton 1807). Current status: Synonym of Gymnostomus ariza (Hamilton 1807). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bengalensis, Rohita Bleeker [P.] in Günther 1868:46 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Not available; name in synonymy of Labeo fimbriatus. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

berdmorei, Dangila Blyth [E.] 1860:162 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Tenasserim provinces, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Labiobarbus berdmorei (Blyth 1860) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:223 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Labiobarbus leptocheilus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1994:320 [ref. 22596], Kottelat 2013:118 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Labiobarbus leptocheilus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bergamae, Capoeta capoeta Karaman [M. S.] 1969:29, Pl. 1 (fig. 5), Pl. 4 (fig. 3) [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 66; ref. 7823] Southwestern Anatolia, Turkey. Syntypes: ZMH H4146 and 3897 (7), 3597 (5), 3603 (2). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:157 [ref. 22013]. •Valid as Capoeta bergamae Karaman 1969 -- (Turan et al. 2006:152 [ref. 28700], Fricke et al. 2007:35 [ref. 29533], Özuluğ & Freyhof 2008:293 [ref. 29981], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Çiçek et al. 2015:143 [ref. 35151], Zareian et al. 2016:72 [ref. 34282], Turan et al. 2017:437 [ref. 35330], Çiçek et al. 2018:3 [ref. 36267], Elp et al. 2018:103 [ref. 35851]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta bergamae Karaman 1969. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Turkey: Aegean Sea watersheds. Habitat: freshwater.

bergi, Barbus barbus Chichkoff [G.] 1935:305 [French p. 311], Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [Godisnik na Sofijskija Universitet = Annuaire de l'Université de Sofia, Fiziko-Matematiceski Fakultet = Faculté des Sciences Physiques et Mathématiques, Sofija v. 31 (no. 3); ref. 13687] Riesova Rieca, Bulgaria. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Questionably a synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837 -- (Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Barbus tauricus Kessler 1877, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:397, 411 [ref. 27353], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:167 [ref. 28369]). •Valid as Barbus bergi Chichkoff 1935 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:120 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151]). •Synonym of Barbus tauricus Kessler 1877 -- (Turan et al. 2018:548 [ref. 36092]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus tauricus Kessler 1877. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bergi, Varicorhinus Derjavin [A. N.] 1929:72, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the Ichthyological Laboratory of Baku. v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 16078] Karaj River, 30 kilometers from Teheran, Iran. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Capoeta aculeata (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Coad 1991:15 [ref. 15702], Coad & Krupp 1994:64 [ref. 23605], Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608], Esmaeili et al. 2010:368 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:867 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35254], Zareian et al. 2017:19 [ref. 35636]). Current status: Synonym of Capoeta aculeata (Valenciennes 1844). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bernardcarpi, Barbus Jubb [R. A.] 1958:183, Fig. 1 [Occasional Papers of the National Museums of Southern Rhodesia. B, Natural Sciences. v. 3 (no. 22B); ref. 12075] Kabuta, Chobe River, upper Zambezi system, southwest Africa. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 312 [not 144]. Paratypes: AMG P309-311 (3, 3, 3); ?SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 133-135 (3), 145 (1), 148-149 (2). Type catalog: Skelton & Stuart 1987:182 [ref. 12628]. •Synonym of Barbus poechii Steindachner 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:282 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius poechii (Steindachner 1911) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius poechii (Steindachner 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

beso, Varicorhinus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:21, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Museum Senckenbergianum: Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der beschreibenden Naturgeschichte, von Mitgliedern der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 3845] Bahardar, Lake Tsana, Ethiopia (±11°37'N, 37°24'E). Neotype: BMNH 1902.12.13.365. Original type in SMF lost, see Vreven et al. 2016:29 [ref. 34168]. Neotype designated by Vreven et al. 2016:29 [ref. 34168]. •Valid as Varicorhinus beso Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:337 [ref. 6186], Getahun et al. 2004:159 [ref. 27830], Levin et al. 2015:403 [ref. 34851]). •Valid as Labeobarbus beso (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:29 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus beso (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Lake Tana, Blue Nile, Awash and Atbara river systems, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

bhimensis, Osteobrama Singh [D. F.] & Yazdani [G. M.] 1992:97, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 89 (pt 1); ref. 20670] Bhima River, Saha village, ca. 18.133°N, 75.093°E, Indapur Taluka, Pune District, Maharshtra, India. Holotype: ZSI Pune F/1235. Paratypes: ZSI Pune F/1236 (5). •Valid as Osteobrama bhimensis Singh & Yazdani 1992 -- (Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Yadav 2003:11 [ref. 27711], Jadhav et al. 2011:2079 [ref. 31547]). •Synonym of Osteobrama vigorsii (Sykes 1839) -- (Jadhav et al. 2011:2078 [ref. 31547] dated 1841). Current status: Synonym of Osteobrama vigorsii (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bhola, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1839:220 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Not available, name only. Current status: Synonym of Opsarius bola (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae.

biangularis, Sinocyclocheilus Wang [D.] in Li et al. 1996:59 [Chinese Journal of Fisheries v. 9 (no. 2); ref. 25911] Guizhou, China. Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522] list biangularis as a synonym of the later bicornutus -- needs investigation. •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus biangularis Wang 1996. Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus biangularis Wang 1996. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

bibarba, Mekongina Nguyen [V. H.] in Nguyen & Ngo 2001:458, Fig. 229 [Freshwater fishes of Viet Nam. Volume I. Family Cyprinidae v. 1; ref. 28301] Sông Sesan, from hô Yaly, tinh Kon Tum, Tây Nguyen, Viêt Nam [Kon Tum Province, Sesan River, Yale Reservoir, Vietnam]. Holotype (unique): VNCNTTS I: H.01.86.01.01. •Valid as Mekongina bibarba Nguyen 2001 -- (Yang et al. 2008:2005 [ref. 29921]). •Species inquirenda et incertae sedis as Mekongina bibarba -- (Kottelat 2013:123 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mekongina bibarba Nguyen 2001. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Mekong River basin, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

bibarbata, Altigena Mai [D. Y.] 1978:68, Fig. 28 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Northern Vietnam. Holotype (unique): DVZUT. •Synonym of Bangana lemassoni (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Kottelat 2001:18 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2013:75 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Decorus lemassoni (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936). Current status: Synonym of Decorus lemassoni (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bibarbatus, Placocheilus Nguyen [V. H.] in Nguyen & Ngo 2001:552, Fig. 284 [Freshwater fishes of Viet Nam. Volume I. Family Cyprinidae v. 1; ref. 28301] Tam Duòng, Phong Thô, Lai Châu, Viêt Nam. Holotype: VNCNTTS I: H.01.96.09.01. Paratypes: VNCNTTS I: H.01.96.09.02 (5). •Valid as Placocheilus bibarbatus Nguyen 2001 -- (Kottelat 2013:141 [ref. 32989] with question). •In Garra -- (Lothongkham et al. 2014:543 [ref. 33283] without mentioning). Current status: Valid as Placocheilus bibarbatus Nguyen 2001. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Tam Duòng, Phong Thô County, Lai Châu Province, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

bicaudatus, Carassius auratus japonicus var. Zernecke [E.] 1897:140 [Leitfaden für Aquarien- und Terrarienfreunde; ref. 34768] Domesticated aquarium form. No types known. •In the synonymy of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

bicolor, Gobio McClelland [J.] 1839:278, 360, Pl. 40 (fig. 1) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Northern Assam, India. No types known. •Synonym of Labeo pangusia (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:135 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Labeo dyocheilus (McClelland 1839) -- (Coad 1981:11 [ref. 22348], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:49 [ref. 25342], Kottelat 2013:116 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Labeo dyocheilus (McClelland 1839). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bicolor, Hypselobarbus Knight [J. D. M.], Rai [A.], d'Souza [R. K. P.], Philip [S.] & Dahanukar [N.] 2016:317, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 4184 (no. 2); ref. 34872] Sita River, Chara, Karnataka, India. Holotype: BNHS FWF 159. Paratypes: MKC, SRC/ZSI. •Valid as Hypselobarbus bicolor Knight, Rai, d'Souza, Philip & Dahanukar 2016 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2016:272 [ref. 34977]). Current status: Valid as Hypselobarbus bicolor Knight, Rai, d'Souza, Philip & Dahanukar 2016. Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Sita and Tunga Rivers, Karnataka, India. Habitat: freshwater.

bicolor, Labeo Smith [H. M.] 1931:9, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 79 (no. 2873); ref. 4047] Small tributary of Menam Chao Phya River, near Paknampo [Nakorn-Sawan], central Thailand. Holotype: USNM 90291. Additional specimens: (10 + several) USNM 90292 (10), ZMA 115791 (2). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:7 [ref. 25088], Nijssen et al. 1982:29 [ref. 19236], Vilasri et al. 2018:49 [ref. 36451]. •Valid as Epalzeorhynchos bicolor (Smith 1931) -- (Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Yang & Winterbottom 1998:49 [ref. 23307], Zhang & Kottelat 2006:22 [ref. 28711], Kottelat 2013:101 [ref. 32989], Kulabtong et al. 2014:371 [ref. 33425], Vilasri et al. 2018:49 [ref. 36451]). Current status: Valid as Epalzeorhynchos bicolor (Smith 1931). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

bicornis, Epalzeorhynchus Wu [H.-W.] in Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen & He 1977:357, Fig. 7-82 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 2; ref. 4807] Liu-ku, Nu-jiang system, Salween River drainage, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype (unique): IHASW 64.8.1. Original genus should have been Epalzeorhynchos. •Valid as Epalzeorhynchos bicornis Wu 1977 -- (Bănărescu 1986:155 [ref. 8112], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:232 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:67 [ref. 25213], Yang & Winterbottom 1998:49 [ref. 23307], Chen in Chen 1998:169 [ref. 23556] as Epalzeorhynchus, Yue & Chen 1998:127 [ref. 26415] as Epalzeorhynchus, Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:211 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Akrokolioplax bicornis (Wu 1977) -- (Zhang & Kottelat 2006:22 [ref. 28711], Yuan et al. 2008:47 [ref. 29667], Kottelat 2013:72 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34477], Kottelat 2016:445 [ref. 34856]). •Valid as Gonorhynchus bicornis (Wu 1977) -- (Yang et al. 2012:362 [ref. 33458], Ciccotto & Page 2016:489 [ref. 34501]). •Valid as Tariqilabeo bicornis (Wu 1977) -- (Ciccotto & Page 2017:447 [ref. 35090]). Current status: Valid as Tariqilabeo bicornis (Wu 1977). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Salweer River basin, Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

bicornis, Paracrossochilus Popta [C. M. L.] 1904:201 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (no. 4) (art. 6) (for Oct. 1902); ref. 3547] Howong River, Mahakam basin, Borneo, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 7594 (1of 4). Syntypes: RMNH 7594 (6), 27677 [ex RMNH 7594] (1); ZMA 114485 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:32 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Bănărescu 1986:158. •Synonym of Paracrossochilus vittatus (Boulenger 1894) -- (Roberts 1989:57 [ref. 6439]). Current status: Synonym of Paracrossochilus vittatus (Boulenger 1894). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bicornta, Garra Narayan Rao [C. R.] in Narayan Rao & Seshachar 1927:117, 127 [Journal of Mysore University Bangalore v. 1; ref. 15818] Mysore, India. An incorrect subsequent spelling of Garra bicornuta Narayan Rao 1920. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

bicornuta, Garra Narayan Rao [C. R.] 1920:57, Pl. 1 (figs. 3, 3a-b) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 6 (no. 31) (art. 2); ref. 15244] Tunga River at Shimoga, Karnataka, India. Holotype: BMNH. Paratypes: BMNH 1919.11.19.1-3 (3), ZSI (3). •Valid as Garra bicornuta Narayan Rao 1920 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:420 [ref. 20764], Rema Devi 1993:244 [ref. 23727], Rema Devi & Indra 1999:55 [ref. 24756], Yadav 2003:15 [ref. 27711], Arunachalam et al.2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:48 [ref. 33405], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484], Bleher 2018:474 [ref. 36647], Rath et al. 2019:495 [ref. 36896]). Current status: Valid as Garra bicornuta Narayan Rao 1920. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Tunga River drainage, Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

bicornuta, Garra lamta forma Koller [O.] 1927:33, Fig. 3 [Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien v. 41; ref. 5622] Hainan Island, China. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Garra bicornuta Narayan Rao 1920. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bicornutus, Sinocyclocheilus Wang [D.-H.] & Liao [J.-W.] 1997:1, Fig. 1 [Acta Academiae Medicinae Zunyi v. 20 (nos 2-3); ref. 28149] Underground river, Xingren County, Gaowu Town, 25°32'N, 105°12'E, Guizhou Province, China. Holotype: IHSAW 9050242. Paratypes: IHASW (and ZMC) 12209043-9050241 (1), 9050243-49 (7). Apparently appeared as Synocyclocheilus bicronuhus in Dai 1988 [ref. 22508]. •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus bicornutus Wang & Liao 1997 -- (Li et al. 2007:2 [ref. 29378] as bicornuhus, Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522], Zhao & Zhang 2006:773 [ref. 31176], Zhao et al. 2011:1551 [ref. 31493], Zhu & Zhu 2012:226 [ref. 31831], Ma & Zhao 2012:109 [ref. 34891], Zhang et al. 2016:99 [ref. 34477], Liu et al. 2018:[7] [ref. 35769], Wu et al. 2018:57 [ref. 35993]). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus bicornutus Wang & Liao 1997. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Guizhou Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

biddulphi, Schizothorax Günther [A.] 1876:400 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 43); ref. 2007] Yarkard and Kashgar rivers, China. Syntypes: BMNH 1875.3.29.1 (skin), Yarkard River, 1876.3.24.1 (skin) Kashgar River. •Valid as Racoma biddulphi (Günther 1876) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:341 [ref. 21205]). •Synonym of Racoma labiata McClelland 1842 -- (Menon 1999:108 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Schizothorax biddulphi Günther 1876 -- (Tsao 1964:160 [ref. 13501], Zhu 1995:89 [ref. 25213], Yue & Chen 1998:147 [ref. 26415], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:314 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:121 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Schizothorax biddulphi Günther 1876. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

bifasciata, Barbus hampal var. Popta [C. M. L.] 1905:173 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 25 (no. 4) (art. 15); ref. 3549] Bo River, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 0000-7612. •Synonym of Hampala macrolepidota Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823 -- (Kottelat 2013:109 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hampala macrolepidota Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bifrenatus, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1935:266, Fig. 10 [Annals of the Transvaal Museum v. 16 (pt 2); ref. 1423] Tsotsoroga Pan, Botswana. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30018 [ex TMP 15294]. Paratypes: (78) ANSP 54275-89 (15); FMNH 33233-42 (1 ea.); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30019 [ex TMP 15295] (53). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:70 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:15 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Barbus viviparus Weber 1897 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:296 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus bifrenatus Fowler 1935 -- (Skelton 1993:142 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:142 [ref. 27406], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111], Marshall 2011:84 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius bifrenatus (Fowler 1935) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:44 [ref. 36373], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius bifrenatus (Fowler 1935). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central and southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bigornei, Barbus Lévêque [C.], Teugels [G. G.] & Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1988:179, Fig. 1; Pl. 1a [Cybium v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 6865] Mongo River at Marcla, Guinea. Holotype: MNHN 1987-1220. Paratypes: MNHN 1987-1221 (10), MRAC 87-59-P-1-2 (2). Other material at MNHN and MRAC. •Valid as Barbus bigornei Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1988 -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:116 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:357 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477], Bamba et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31488] in 'Barbus"). •Valid as Enteromius bigornei (Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1988) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius bigornei (Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1988). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

biharicus, Barbus Antal [L.], László [B.] & Kotlík [P.] in Antal, László, Koylik, Mozsál, Czeglédi, Oldal, et al. 2016:192, Fig. 4 [Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution v. 96; ref. 34094] Sebes-Körös River (Crişul Repede) at Bratca, tributary of Tisza River, Danube River basin, Romania, 46.9279°N, 22.5934°E. Holotype: HNHM-ICH-2015.51.1. Paratype: HNHM-ICH-2015.48.1 (1). Electronic online-first version (15 Dec. 2015) without ZooBank registration number, not fulfilling the amendment of ICZN Art. 8.5; available from journal version with page numbers published in Jan. 2016. •Valid as Barbus biharicus Antal, László & Kotlík 2016. Current status: Valid as Barbus biharicus Antal, László & Kotlík 2016. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Tributary of Tisza River, Danube River basin, Romania and Hungary. Habitat: freshwater.

bilkewitschi, Barbus Bulgakov [G. P.] 1923:236, Pl. [Trudy Turkestanskogo nauchnogo obshchestva = Transactions of the Scientific Society of Turjestan v. 1; ref. 16414] Atrek River, southeastern watershed of Caspian Sea, Turkmenistan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Spelled bilkewitchi on p. 236, bilkewitschi on the plate. •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Berg 1949:699 [ref. 20661], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:147 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

biloborostris, Garra Roni [N.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2017:134, Figs. 1-4 [Vertebrate Zoology v. 67 (no. 2); ref. 35625] Kanamakra River, Brahmaputra River basin, Chirang district, Assam, India, 26°45'0.59"N, 90°39'17.36"E, elevation 191 meters. Holotype: MUMF 22017. Paratypes: MUMF. •Valid as Garra biloborostris Roni & Vishwanath 2017 -- (Gong et al. 2018:380 [ref. 36379], Moyon & Arunkumar 2018:112 [ref. 36388], Roni et al. 2019:551 [ref. 36796], Rath et al. 2019:495 [ref. 36896]). Current status: Valid as Garra biloborostris Roni & Vishwanath 2017. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River basin, Assam, India. Habitat: freshwater.

bimaculacauda, Garra Thoni [R. J.], Gurung [D. B.] & Mayden [R. L.] 2016:118, Figs. 3-4 [Zootaxa 4169 (no. 1); ref. 34747] Dangmechhu River, Marangdud, Zhemgang Dzongkhag, Bhutan, 27°11.513'N, 91°36.059'E. Holotype: NBC 15184. Paratypes: CNR. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Garra bimaculacauda Thoni, Gurung & Mayden 2016 -- (Roni et al. 2017:372 [ref. 35205], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:134 [ref. 35625], Gong et al. 2018:380 [ref. 36379], Moyon & Arunkumar 2018:113 [ref. 36388]). Current status: Valid as Garra bimaculacauda Thoni, Gurung & Mayden 2016. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Dangmechhu River drainage, Brahmaputra River basin, central and eastern Bhutan. Habitat: freshwater.

bimaculata, Barbus hampal var. Popta [C. M. L.] 1905:173 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 25 (no. 4) (art. 15); ref. 3549] Howong River, Bo River and Kajan River, Borneo. Syntypes: RMNH 7613 (3), 78614 (4), 7615 (3). •Valid as Hampala bimaculata (Popta 1905) -- (Doi & Taki 1994:405 [ref. 21214], Roberts 1989:40 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:35 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:230 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Parenti & Lim 2005:180 [ref. 28285], Sulaiman et al. 2018:28 [ref. 35802]). Current status: Valid as Hampala bimaculata (Popta 1905). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

bimaculatus, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1839:220 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Not available, name only. Cyprinidae.

bimaculatus, Gnathopogon Bleeker [P.] 1863:245 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 15; ref. 17011] Sri Lanka. Syntypes: (5). Also appeared in Bleeker 1864:17, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [ref. 13925]. •Valid as Puntius bimaculatus (Bleeker 1863) -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:96 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:259 [ref. 20764], Menon & Rema Devi 1992:220 [ref. 20007], Rema Devi 1993:197 [ref. 24010], Manimekalan 1998:434 [ref. 24989], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:152 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:169 [ref. 24760], Menon 1999:87 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2000:293 [ref. 25165], Arunachalam et al. 2001:128 [ref. 25692], Kullander & Fang 2005:297 [ref. 28193], Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:209 [ref. 29986], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:73 [ref. 32071], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:708 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Puntius bimaculatus (Bleeker 1863). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Sri Lanka and southern India (Western and Eastern Ghats). Habitat: freshwater.

bimaculatus, Gonorhynchus McClelland [J.] 1839:281, 374, Pl. 43 (fig. 2) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] River Laeeh at foot of Mishmee Mts. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

binduchitra, Barbus (Puntius) Hora [S. L.] 1937:327, Fig. 4 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 39 (pt 4); ref. 20745] Road-side drains and small streams at Sandoway, Lower Myanmar. Holotype: ZSI F 12478/1. Paratypes: ZSI F12478/1 (9). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:116 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:354 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822), subspecies orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:282 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822) subspecies orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Menon 1999:70 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) based on placement of sarana. •Valid as Systomus binduchitra (Hora 1937) -- (Kottelat 2013:165 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Systomus binduchitra (Hora 1937). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

binduensis, Garra Das [U.], Kosygin [L.] & Panigrahi [A. K.] 2016:53, Figs. 1-2 [Bioglobia v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 36383] Jaldhaka River at Bindu near Jaldhaka Hydel complex, Brahmaputra River basin, North Bengal Darjeeling district, India. Holotype: ZSI FF 5623. Paratypes: ZSI. •Valid as Garra binduensis Das, Kosygin & Panigrahi 2016 -- (Moyon & Arunkumar 2018:113 [ref. 36388]). Current status: Valid as Garra binduensis Das, Kosygin & Panigrahi 2016. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Jaldhaka River drainage, Brahmaputra River basin, India. Habitat: freshwater.

bingeri, Capoeta Pellegrin [J.] 1905:292 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 11 (no. 5); ref. 15373] Bourka [Burka, effluent of Lake Ganjule] River, eastern Ethiopia [circa 5°50'N, 37°40'E]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1905-0252. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:44 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:253 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

binhluensis, Garroides Nguyen [V. H.] & Vu [T. H. N.] 2014:174, Fig. [Science and Technology journal of Agriculture & Rural Development (Nông Nghiêp & Phát Triên Nông Thôn) 2014 (no. 3-4); ref. 36457] Da River system, Binh Lu commune, Tam Duong district, Lai Chau province, Vietnam. Holotype: RIAH LC.06.02.001. Paratypes: RIAH. •Valid as Garroides binhluensis Nguyen & Vu 2014. Current status: Valid as Garroides binhluensis Nguyen & Vu 2014. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Da River system, Lai Chau province, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

binhluensis, Sinilabeo Nguyen [V. H.] in Nguyen & Ngo 2001:504, Fig. 255 [Freshwater fishes of Viet Nam. Volume I. Family Cyprinidae v. 1; ref. 28301] Bình Lu, Phong Thô, Viêt Nam. Holotype: VNCNTTS I: H.01.92.14.01. Paratypes: VNCNTTS I: H.01.92.14.02 (2). •Questionably valid as Bangana binhluensis (Nguyen 2001) -- (Kottelat 2013:75 [ref. 32989]). •Questionably valid as Altigena binhluensis (Nguyen 2001) -- (Kottelat 2017:494 [ref. 35262]). Current status: Valid as Altigena binhluensis (Nguyen 2001). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Rivers in Phong Thô County, Lai Châu Province, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

binotatus, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:168 (195) [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 2455 (3). Type information: Roberts 1993:21 [ref. 21799]. Spelled binolatus by Bardach 1959:11c [ref. 24621]. Simultaneous synonym of binotatus Valenciennes; Bleeker 1855:408 gave precedence to binotatus. •Valid as Barbus binotatus Valenciennes 1842 -- (Roberts 1989:60 [ref. 6439], Lim et al. 1990:36 [ref. 16753], Roberts 1993:21 [ref. 21799]). •Valid as Systomus binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Rainboth 1996:103 [ref. 22772], Ng & Tan 1999:355 [ref. 24159]). •Valid as Puntius binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:260 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:42 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2000:49 [ref. 25040], Doi 2000:396 [ref. 25097], Doi et al. 2001:15 [ref. 25691]). •Valid as Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:521 [ref. 36606] as aff. binotatus). Current status: Valid as Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

binotatus, Leuciscus Blyth [E.] 1858:290 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 476] Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Secondarily preoccupied by Barbus binotatus Valenciennes 1842, replaced by Barbus tetraspilus Günther 1868 (see Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:212 [ref. 29986]). •Objective synonym of Barbus tetraspilus Günther 1868 and a species inquirenda in Puntius -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:201, 211 [ref. 29986]). Current status: Synonym of Puntius tetraspilus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

birostris, Garra Nebeshwar [K.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2013:104, Fig. 5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 24 (no. 2); ref. 33006] Papum Pare district, Dikrong River at Doimukh, Brahmaputra basin, 27°08'19"N, 93°44'51"E, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Holotype: MUMF 4302. Paratypes: MUMF 4303 (5); RGUMF 0077 (5), 0078 (5), 0080 (5). •Valid as Garra birostris Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:271 [ref. 34052], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Thoni et al. 2016:122 [ref. 34747] dated 2014, Roni et al. 2017:373 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:134 [ref. 35625], Premananda et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35861], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749], Gong et al. 2018:380 [ref. 36379], Moyon & Arunkumar 2018:113 [ref. 36388], Tamang et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36496], Roni et al. 2019:551 [ref. 36796], Rath et al. 2019:495 [ref. 36896]). Current status: Valid as Garra birostris Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Upper Brahmaputra River basin, India and Bhutan. Habitat: freshwater.

birtwistlei, Puntius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1940:32 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 16; ref. 11006] Chenderoh Dam, Perak, Malaysia. Lectotype: CAS-SU 14172. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 14173 (5), ZRC 555 (1). Type catalog: Alfred 1970:71 [ref. 23931], Böhlke 1953:37 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype selected by Böhlke 1953:37 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Poropuntius birtwistlei (Herre 1940) -- (Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Hypsibarbus birtwistlei (Herre 1940) -- (Rainboth 1996:62 [ref. 22681], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:112 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:523 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Hypsibarbus birtwistlei (Herre 1940). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia). Habitat: freshwater.

birunii, Capoeta Zareian [H.] & Esmaeili [H. R.] 2017:261, Figs. 27-28 [Iranian Journal of Ichthyology v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 36090] Daran River near Daran, Zayandehrud basin, Esfahan Province, Iran, 32°49'25.8"N, 50°25'47.4"E. Holotype: ZM-CBSU Z650. Paratypes: ZM-CBSU. •Valid as Capoeta birunii Zareian & Esmaeili 2017 -- (Esmaeili et al. 2018:18 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta birunii Zareian & Esmaeili 2017. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Zayandeh River basin, Esfahan Province, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

bisangularis, Garra Chen [Z.-M.], Wu [X.-Y.] & Xiao [H.] 2010:381, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of Xinyang Normal University (Natural Science Edition) v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 31033] Luosuo River, a tributary flowing into the Lancangjiang River (upper Mekong) drainage in Mengala County, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype (unique): KI 20080728001. •Valid as Garra bisangularis Chen, Wu & Xiao 2010 -- (Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). •Synonym of Garra fasciacauda Fowler 1937 -- (Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989] with question, Zhang et al. 2016:110 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Garra fasciacauda Fowler 1937. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Luosuo River, Mekong River basin, Yunnan, China (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

biscarensis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:108, Fig. 85 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Algeria. Syntype: BMNH 1856.9.2.14.b (1). Boulenger's style in this work normally was to exclude young from the type series and list adults as "types", but in this species he did not denote a type or types, so all are regarded as syntypes; the use of "Type" with figures was not used in the sense to denote one type. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:235 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Luciobarbus biscarensis (Boulenger 1911) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Brahimi et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35360], Brahimi et al. 2018:557 [ref. 35974]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus biscarensis (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Shott Melghir basin, El Hodna (Keddara) lake basin and Chiffa River drainage, Algerian Sahara. Habitat: freshwater.

bismargaritus, Discogobio Chu [X.-L.], Cui [G.-H.] & Zhou [W.] 1993:240 (English p. 245), Fig. 2 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 18 (no. 2); ref. 21976] Xiyang River, Guangnan County, 24°04'N, 105°03'E, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: KIZ 776563. Paratypes: (5). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:349 [ref. 32939]. •Valid as Discogobio bismargaritus Chu, Cui & Zhou 1993 -- (Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:260 [ref. 25272], Zhang & Zhou 2012:24 [ref. 32322] as bismargairtus, Zhang et al. 2016:109 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Discogobio bismargaritus Chu, Cui & Zhou 1993. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

bispinosa, Garra Zhang [E] 2005:10, Figs. 1, 2A [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. no. 13; ref. 28349] Daying Jiang, a tributary flowing to the Yiluowadi Jiang (Irrawaddy River) basin in Yingjiang, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: IHASW 78IV1537. Paratypes: IHASW 78IV1459 (1), 1460 (1), 1462-4 (3), 1466-7 (2), 1524-9 (6), 1532 (1), 1534-6 (3), 1538 (1), 1543-5 (3), 1547 (1), 1548-9 (2); ZRC 78IV1542 (1). •Valid as Garra bispinosa Zhang 2005 -- (Zhang 2006:447 [ref. 28912], Li et al. 2008:67 [ref. 29588], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:5 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:110 [ref. 33006], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:272 [ref. 34052], Zhang et al. 2016:110 [ref. 34477], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Yu et al. 2016:295 [ref. 34494], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Sun et al. 2018:55 [ref. 35784], Gong et al. 2018:380 [ref. 36379]). Current status: Valid as Garra bispinosa Zhang 2005. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Upper Irrawaddy River basin, Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

biswasi, Gymnocypris Talwar [P. K.] 1977:501, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 74 (pt 3); ref. 7288] Chushul, Ladakh, northern India. Holotype: ZSI FF1064. Paratypes: ZSI FF1065-66 (1, 9). See Das 2003:358 [ref. 27706] dated 1978. •Synonym of Schizopygopsis stoliczkai Steindachner 1866. Current status: Synonym of Schizopygopsis stoliczkai Steindachner 1866. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bithynicus, Cyprinus Richardson [J.] 1857:372 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1856 (pt 24) (art. 2); ref. 18632] Lake Apollonia [Apulyont], northwestern Turkey. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1856.5.2.7. •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:57 [ref. 22952], Barus et al. in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:86 [ref. 25856]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

bizonatus, Puntius Vishwanath [W.] & Laisram [J.] 2004:131, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 101 (pt 1); ref. 27863] Lokchao River at Moreh, Manipur, India. Holotype: MUMF 3017. Paratypes: MUMF 3017A (5). Appeared first in Vishwanath 2002:16 [ref. 28194] without designation of a holotype. •Apparently a synonym of Puntius meingangbii Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 2003 -- (Kullander & Fang 2005:297 [ref. 28193]). •Synonym of Puntius meinganbii Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 2003 -- (Kullander & Britz 2008:62 [ref. 29861]). •Valid as Puntius bizonatus Vishwanath & Laisram 2004 -- (Shantakumar & Vishwanath 2006:2279 [ref. 28676], Knight et al. 2012:2414 [ref. 31841]). •Synonym of Pethia meingangbii (Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 2003) -- (Kottelat 2013:141 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pethia meingangbii (Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 2003). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Lokchao River, Moreh, Yu River drainage, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

blanci, Barbus (Labeobarbus) Pellegrin [J.] & Fang [P.-W.] 1940:115, Fig. 3 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 65; ref. 3418] Ban Nam Khueng, 30 km northwest of Ban Houei Sai, about 6 km from Mekong, Laos. Syntypes: MNHN 1939-0203 to 0205 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:50 [ref. 19574]. •In genus Neolissochilus (Rainboth 1985:31 [ref. 5968]). •Synonym of Neolissochilus stracheyi (Day 1871) -- (Kottelat 2001:61 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Neolissochilus blanci (Pellegrin & Fang 1940) -- (Rainboth 1996:82 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:38 [ref. 23436], Vidthayanon & Kottelat 2003:164 [ref. 26859] with question, Kottelat 2013:127 [ref. 32989], Hoàng et al. 2015:566 [ref. 33936], Kottelat 2015:42 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus blanci (Pellegrin & Fang 1940). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Mekong basin: Laos and Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

blanfordii, Discognathus Boulenger [G. A.] 1901:160 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1901, v. 2 (pt 3) (art. 2) (for 4 June 1901); ref. 14746] Stream at Suru and small pool at Amba, about 25 miles north of Massawa, Eritrea. Lectotype: BMNH 1869.11.4.39. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1869.2.8.13 (1) Suru, Abyssinia; 1869.11.4.40-44 (5) Amba; 1872.12.18.3 (1) Abyssinia, 1869.2.8.4-11 (8) near Massowa; MSNM 20 [ex MSNM 4321 and ex BMNH] (1). Type catalog: Conci & Michelangeli 1974:224 [ref. 21560]. Lectotype apparentlyu selected by Stiassny & Getahun 2007:73 [ref. 29119]. •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:304 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Garra blanfordii (Boulenger 1901) -- (Stiassny & Getahun 2007:73 [ref. 29119], Habteselassie et al. 2010:50 [ref. 30774]). Current status: Valid as Garra blanfordii (Boulenger 1901). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Eritrea, Ethiopia and Sudan. Habitat: freshwater.

bleekeri, Osteochilus Kottelat [M.] 2008:249, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 19 (no. 3); ref. 29975] Sungai Engkayas, 2 kilometers southeast of Sanggau on road to Sintang, Kapuas River drainage, Kalimantan Barat, Borneo. Holotype: MZB 6000 [ex CMK 6740]. Paratypes: CMK 10224 (8), 11724 (2); ZRC 38847 (1). Plus additional non-type material. Complete original description not yet seen. •Valid as Osteochilus bleekeri Kottelat 2008 -- (Kottelat 2013:134 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Osteochilus bleekeri Kottelat 2008. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Borneo and Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

blitonensis, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1852:96 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 16831] Tjirutjup River, Belitung Island, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Puntius binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:60 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

blochii, Cirrhina Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:290 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Malabar, India. No types known. Unneeded new name for Cyprinus cirrhosus Bloch 1795. Original genus should have been Cirrhinus. •Objective synonym of Cirrhinus cirrhosus (Bloch 1795) -- (Roberts 1997:177 [ref. 23550], Menon 1999:121 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:88 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cirrhinus cirrhosus (Bloch 1795). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

blythi, Rohtee Bleeker [P.] 1860:281 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 7 (art. 2); ref. 380] Based on Systomus microlepis of Blyth 1858:289 (not of Bleeker). •Synonym of Osteobrama belangeri (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Menon 1999:63 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:134 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteobrama belangeri (Valenciennes 1844). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

blythii, Barbus (Barbodes) Day [F.] 1870:555 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 3) (for 25 Nov. 1869); ref. 1077] Tenasserim Province, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): ZSI A.787. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762]. •In genus Neolissochilus (Rainboth 1985:29 [ref. 5968], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Neolissochilus blythii (Day 1870) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:228 [ref. 20764], Kottelat 2013:127 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35058], Lalramliana et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 35912]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus blythii (Day 1870). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

bo, Tylognathus Popta [C. M. L.] 1904:199 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (no. 4) (art. 6) (for Oct. 1902); ref. 3547] Bo River, Kapuas River basin, Borneo. Lectotype: RMNH 7588. Paralectotypes: RMNH 27676 (2). Lectotype established by Eschmeyer 1998:243 on unpublished selection by Banarescu. •Valid as Lobocheilos bo (Popta 1904) -- (Roberts 1989:41 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:37 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:230 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:7 [ref. 22832], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:581 [ref. 23647], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:151 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:182 [ref. 28285] as cf. bo, Kottelat & Tan 2008:28 [ref. 29715], Kottelat 2013:120 [ref. 32989], Ciccotto & Tan 2018:550 [ref. 35856]). Current status: Valid as Lobocheilos bo (Popta 1904). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

boboi, Barbus Schultz [L. P.] 1942:(318) 325, Pl. 36 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 92 (no. 3152); ref. 3956] Gibi Mt. [Mt. Si], Liberia, elevation 900 feet. Holotype: USNM 118740. Paratypes: CAS-SU 66582 [ex USNM 118741] (3), 66583 [ex SNM 118742] (3); USNM 118741 (orig. 33, now 30), 118742 (orig. 42, now 39), 118743 (1). •Valid as Barbus boboi Schultz 1942 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:231 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:197 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:340 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477]). •Valid as Enteromius boboi (Schultz 1942) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius boboi (Schultz 1942). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bobree, Varicorhinus Sykes [W. H.] 1839:159 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Deccan, India. No types known. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:56 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:355, Pl. 61 (fig. 3) [ref. 18868]. •Synonym of Labeo fimbriatus (Bloch 1795) -- (Menon 1999:133 [ref. 24904], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:78 [ref. 25342]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo fimbriatus (Bloch 1795). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bocagei, Barbus Steindachner [F.] 1864:3 [Catalogue préliminaire des poissons d'eau douce de Portugal, conservés au Muséum d'Histoire naturelle de Lisbonne.; ref. 21708] Portugal. Syntypes: (many) MSNM 17 [ex MSNM 4657 and ex NMW] (1) Zamora; NMW 3362-68 (7), 5311 (1), 5876 (1), 18580 (2), 53763 (2), 53779-88 (2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 1), 53791-803 (1, 1, 11, 1, 2, 2, 1, 3, 1, 1, 2, 1), 53804-19 (33 spec., 16 lots), 53820 (?), 53812-23 (4, 1, 1), 53825 (?), 53826 (?), plus more at NMW. Type catalog: Conci & Michelangeli 1974:223 [ref. 21560]. Appeared in more detail in Steindachner 1865:1 [ref. 13939]. Also in Steindachner 1866:7 [ref. 18757]. •Valid as Barbus bocagei Steindachner 1864 -- (Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952], Bianco 1998:127 [ref. 23811], Miranda & Escala 2000:197 [ref. 24798], Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:169 [ref. 25489], Almaça & Bănărescu Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:99 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus bocagei (Steindachner 1864) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:135 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Doadrio et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34185], Doadrio et al. 2016:5 [ref. 34978]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus bocagei (Steindachner 1864). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Spain and Portugal. Habitat: freshwater.

bocourti, Puntius (Barbodes) Bleeker [P.] 1864:35 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 2; ref. 17029] Not available, name only; also in Bleeker 1865:176 [ref. 413] as name only. Sauvage 1881:163 [ref. 18672] treated the name in the synonymy of Puntius altus Günther; from Thailand. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae.

boga, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:286, 386, Pl. 28 (fig. 80) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Brahmaputra River, India. No types known. •Valid as Labeo boga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:35 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:120 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:200 [ref. 20764], Indra 1994:413 [ref. 24015], Sen 1995:506 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:127 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2000:355 [ref. 25207], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:109 [ref. 25342], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Mirza 2003:7 [ref. 27265], Ataur Rahman 2003:138 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:68 [ref. 29923], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Kottelat 2013:115 [ref. 32989], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Suresh et al. 2018:99 [ref. 36495], Bleher 2018:578 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Labeo boga (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Asia: Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

boggut, Chondrostoma Sykes [W. H.] 1839:160 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Deccan, India. No types known. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:57 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:359 [ref. 18868]. •Valid as Labeo boggut (Sykes 1839) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:116 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:201 [ref. 20764], Singh & Yazdani 1993:199 [ref. 24022], Menon 1999:128 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:16 [ref. 25342], Mirza 2003:7 [ref. 27265], Yadav 2003:10 [ref. 27711] as Labes boggut, Ataur Rahman 2003:133 [ref. 31338], Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872], Lal et al. 2016:19 [ref. 34149], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:577 [ref. 36647]). •Possibly in the genus Bangana Hamilton 1822 -- (Kottelat 2017:494 [ref. 35262]). Current status: Valid as Labeo boggut (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Asia: Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

boides, Tylognathus Popta [C. M. L.] 1906:119 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 27; ref. 18569] Bo River, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia. Holotype: RMNH 7588. Non-types: RMNH 27676 (2). Species originally as boïdes. •Synonym of Lobocheilos bo (Popta 1904) -- (Kottelat & Tan 2008:28 [ref. 29715], Kottelat 2013:120 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lobocheilos bo (Popta 1904). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bolovenensis, Poropuntius Roberts [T. R.] 1998:124, Figs. 5-6 [Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society v. 46 (no. 1); ref. 23549] Xe Nam Noi, 300 meters downstream from primary dam site of Xe Nam Noi-Xe-Pian, Bolovens Plateau, Sekong watershead, southern Laos. Lectotype: CAS 94251. Paralectotypes: CAS 94252-54 (110, 1, 89); plus specimens listed under the other 3 morphs. Described as a species on p. 124, as the first of 4 trinominal morphs on p. 125. Roberts states (p. 124), "In this paper intraspecific trophic morphs are formally described and named as species-level trinominals." It appears Roberts apparently attempted to make these trinominal names fall within the Code of Zoological Nomenclature; but the third name in a trinomen must not be a morph. Roberts even states on p. 125, ..only in the nominate morph or subspecies of (P. bolovenensis). These morphs are considered infrasubspecific and unavailable by Kottelat 2000:46 [ref. 25040], but they were available infrasubspecific names under the Code in force in 1998, but they apparently were not validly treated as a subspecies or species in time to be available under the 2000 edition of the Code. Lectotype established by Kottelat 2000:46 [ref. 25040] who considered all specimens of the morphs as syntypes but selected Roberts' "Holotype" for the morph bolovenensis as the lectotype. Kottelat 2000 [ref. 25040] provided new names for two of Roberts' morphs, but retained the same types. •Valid as Poropuntius bolovenensis Roberts 1998 -- (Kottelat 2000:46 [ref. 25040], Kottelat 2001:69 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:143 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius bolovenensis Roberts 1998. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

bomokandi, Barbus Myers [G. S.] 1924:397 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3090] Poko, Bomokandi River, Democratic Republic of Congo, 3°08'60"N, 26°52'60"E. Holotype (unique): AMNH 6328. Replacement name for Barbus rubripinnis Nichols & Griscom 1917 [ref. 3185], preoccupied by Barbus rubripinnis Valenciennes 1842. •Synonym of Barbus pleuropholis Boulenger 1899 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:281 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Clypeobarbus bomokandi (Myers 1924) -- (Conway & Stiassny 2008:263 [ref. 29761], Stiassny & Sakharva 2016:1409 [ref. 34176], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Clypeobarbus bomokandi (Myers 1924). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Congo River basin: Democratic Republic of Congo and Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

bonvaloti, Barbus Vaillant [L. L.] 1893:201 [6] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (8th Série) v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 4486] Black River, northern Vietnam. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1892-0262. On p. 6 of separate. •Synonym of Folifer brevifilis (Peters 1881) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2000:851-852 [ref. 25863], Kottelat 2001:23 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Folifer brevifilis (Peters 1881). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

borelio, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:336, 392 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Gangetic provinces, India. No types known. Cyprinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

borneensis, Discognathus Vaillant [L. L.] 1902:91, Figs. 25-26 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (note 1); ref. 4490] Bluu [Bloeoe] River, Mahakam basin, Borneo. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7698. •Valid as Garra borneensis (Vaillant 1902) -- (Roberts 1989:40 [ref. 6439], Kottelat & Lim 1995:230 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:580 [ref. 23647], Parenti & Lim 2005:180 [ref. 28285], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989], Thoni & Mayden 2015:284 [ref. 33873], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra borneensis (Vaillant 1902). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

borneensis, Rohita Bleeker [P.] 1856:17 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 2; ref. 13960] Kapuas River at Pontianak, Kalimantn Barat, Borneo. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.5.2.173. Original as borneënsis. •Valid as Osteochilus borneensis (Bleeker 1856) -- (Roberts 1989:47 [ref. 6439], Karnasuta 1993:72 [ref. 20700], Kottelat et al. 1993:39 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:9 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:134 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Osteochilus borneensis (Bleeker 1856). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Sumatra and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

bortschalinicus, Barbus Kamensky [S. N.] 1899:67 [German p. 144], Pl. 6 [Die Cypriniden der Kaukasusländer und ihrer angrenzenden Meere; ref. 14707] Borchala, Kura River basin, Georgia, eastern Asia. Syntypes: (3) not found at ZIN. •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843, subspecies cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Berg 1949:693 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:251 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Khaefi et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35344], Levin et al. 2019:42 [ref. 36643]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

borysthenicus, Barbus fluviatilis var. Dybowski [B. N.] (ex Kessler) 1862:213 (footnote) [Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst- und Kurlands. Zweiter Serie. Biologische Naturkunde. Dorpat v. 3; ref. 1168] Dnieper River, Ukraine. No types at ZIN. •Valid as Barbus borysthenicus Dybowski 1862 -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2001:44/ [ref. 26178], Bănărescu et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:43 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1949:689 [ref. 20661], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:87-88 [ref. 23589], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:46 [ref. 28183]). •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952], Parin et al. 2014:70 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Barbus borysthenicus Dybowski 1862. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Ukraine (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

bottegi, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:563 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 102) (art. 71); ref. 15648] Southern Ethiopia., elevation 2000-2800 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.1.20.107-108 (2) Omo River at Kullo, 1908.1.20.109 (1) Gibe River, 1937.4.20.66 (1) Omo River at Kullo •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:253 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bottegi, Labeo Vinciguerra [D.] 1897:358 [16] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 17; ref. 14639] Ganala [Gonala] River at Lugh Ferrandi, tributary of Juba River, Somalia. Lectotype: MSNG 17537:1. Paralectotypes: (many) MSNG 17357:2-5 (4). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:186 [ref. 10343]. Lectotype selected by Reid 1985:190 [ref. 19189]. •Valid as Labeo bottegi Vinciguerra 1897 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:306 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:189 [ref. 19189]). Current status: Valid as Labeo bottegi Vinciguerra 1897. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

boulengeri, Labeo Vinciguerra [D.] 1912:299 [7] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 45; ref. 14989] Berber River, tributary to the Ueb River, Somalia. Holotype (unique): MSNG 17363 [ex MSNG 2068] (dry, poor condition). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:186 [ref. 10343]. On p. 7 of separate. •Valid as Labeo boulengeri Vinciguerra 1912 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:307 [ref. 6186]). •Questionably a synonym of Labeo mesops Günther 1868 -- (Reid 1985:77 [ref. 19189]). Current status: Valid as Labeo boulengeri Vinciguerra 1912. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Somolia. Habitat: freshwater.

boulengeri, Labeobarbus Vreven [E. J.], Musschoot [T.], Snoeks [J.] & Schliewen [U. K.] 2016:30 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 177 (no. 2); ref. 34168] Lucala, above the falls on the Lucala River, Angola. Replacement name for Varicorhinus latirostris Boulenger 1910, preoccupied by Labeobarbus latirostris (Keilhack 1908). We use the initials E. J. for the first author. •Valid as Labeobarbus boulengeri Vreven, Musschoot, Snoeks & Schliewen 2016 -- (Skelton 2019:229, 233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus boulengeri Vreven, Musschoot, Snoeks & Schliewen 2016. Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Lucala River system and lower Congo River, Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

boulengerii, Barbus Popta [C. M. L.] 1905:172 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 25 (no. 4) (art. 15); ref. 3549] Bongan River, Howong River, and Bo River, Borneo. Syntypes: (6) RMNH 7598-7600 (3, 1, 2). •Synonym of Puntius collingwoodii (Günther 1868) -- (Roberts 1989:62 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Barbonymus collingwoodii (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2013:81 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbonymus collingwoodii (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

bouramensis, Barbus moulouyensis var. Pellegrin [J.] 1939:532 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 11 (no. 6); ref. 18817] Source of the Aïn Bouram River, 300 meters from the Ksiba to Taghzirt trail, Morocco. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1939-0121. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:40 [ref. 19574], Almaça 1969:1136-1137 [ref. 20712]. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:236 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus callensis (Valenciennes 1842) based on generic placement of callensis. •Possibly valid as Luciobarbus bouramensis (Pellegrin 1939) -- (Doadrio et al. 2016:9 [ref. 34978]). Current status: Uncertain as Luciobarbus bouramensis (Pellegrin 1939). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Bouram spring, Morocco. Habitat: freshwater.

bourdariei, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1928:374 [6], Fig. [Les Poissons Cameroun v. 12; ref. 16513] Lake Monoun, Cameroon. Syntypes: MNHN 1928-0062 to 0064 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:37 [ref. 19574]. On p. 6 of separate. Also appeared in Pellegrin 1928:313 [ref. 15869]. •Valid as Barbus bourdariei Pellegrin 1928 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:231 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:477 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius bourdariei (Pellegrin 1928) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius bourdariei (Pellegrin 1928). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

bourreti, Discognathus Pellegrin [J.] 1928:340 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 53; ref. 15870] Claire River, Tonkin. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1928-0209. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:55 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Garra orientalis Nichols 1925 -- (Wu et al. 1977:379 [ref. 4807], Mai 1978:53 [ref. 13511], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:240 [ref. 25272]). •See Kottelat 2000:42 [ref. 25040]. •Valid as Garra bourreti (Pellegrin 1928) -- (Kottelat 2001:24 [ref. 25482], Zhang & Chen 2002:462 [ref. 26897], Li et al. 2008:62 [ref. 29588], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989], Nguyen et al. 2015:902 [ref. 36430], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra bourreti (Pellegrin 1928). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Red River basin, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

bovanicus, Barbus Day [F.] 1877:[566], Pl. 138 (fig. 1) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Bowany River, base of Neilgherry hills, Madras, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7829 (1, syntype), BMNH 1889.2.1.549-550 (2), NMW 53964 (1), ZSI F2384 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:295 [ref. 25110]. The plate was published first (1877) with the spelling bovianicus; bovanicus in the text (p. 566) in 1878. Named for the Bhavani [Bowany in Day] River, so bovianicus is regarded as probably in error. The spelling bovanicus was given precedence by Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:00 [ref. 32071]. •Valid as Puntius bovanicus (Day 1877) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:261 [ref. 20764], Manimekalan 1998:435 [ref. 24989]). •Valid as Barbodes bovanicus (Day 1877) -- (Menon 1999:68 [ref. 24904], Bleher 2018:334 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes bovanicus (Day 1877). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Upper Bhavani and Krishna River basins, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

bovianus, Gobio Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:307 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Bhowany, tributary of Cavery River, southern India. No types known. •Synonym of Labeo ariza (Hamilton 1807) -- (Menon 1999:126 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Gymnostomus ariza (Hamilton 1807). Current status: Synonym of Gymnostomus ariza (Hamilton 1807). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bowkeri, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:288 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 9 (no. 52) (art. 48); ref. 18305] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1862.8.28.3-8 (? now 5), 1874.3.5.1-2 (2), 1894.7.10.4 (1). •Synonym of Barbus natalensis Castelnau 1861 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:272 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brachycephalus, Barbus Kessler [K. F.] 1872:52 [8], Pl. 7 (figs. 9-11) [Izvestiia Imperatorskago Obschchestva Liubitelei Estestvozaniia, Antropologii i Etnografii v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 14134] Syr-Darya River, central Asia. Syntypes: NMW 53971-73 (1, 2, 1); ZIN 5759 (1, not found in 2000), 5878 (1, not found in 1996 or 2000). Type catalog: Svetovidova 1978:261 [ref. 9011]. On p. 8 of separate. •Valid as Barbus brachycephalus Kessler 1872 -- (Berg 1949:702 [ref. 20661], Coad 1995:11 [ref. 23608], Coad 1981:9 [ref. 22348], Coad 1996:84 [ref. 25304], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:88 [ref. 23589], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:44 [ref. 26178], Ryabov 2002:794 [ref. 26575], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:113 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus brachycephalus (Kessler 1872) -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:49 [ref. 28183], Fricke et al. 2007:42 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:136 [ref. 29996], Turan et al. 2008:41 [ref. 29741], Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Esmaeili et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:31 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus brachycephalus (Kessler 1872). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Aral Sea and western and southern Caspian Sea, Eurasia; anadromous. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brachygramma, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:166 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 4 (fasc. 2); ref. 15086] Tributary of Lukinda River. Lectotype: MRAC 12698. Paralectotypes: MRAC 12699 (1). Lectotype selected by Seegers 1996:98 [ref. 23725]. Species name a noun in apposition, therefore correct as brachygramma. •Valid as Barbus brachygramma Boulenger 1915 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:231 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:98, 376 [ref. 23725] as aff. brachygramma). •Valid as Enteromius brachygramma (Boulenger 1915) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius brachygramma (Boulenger 1915). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

brachynemus, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1849:18 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 12); ref. 16883] Kalimas River, Surabaya, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: ?RMNH. •Synonym of Barbichthys laevis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:30 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2013:76 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbichthys laevis (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

brachynotopteroides, Osteochilus Chevey [P.] 1934:34, Figs. 2-3 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 16417] Lake Kontum, Pleiku, Annam, Vietnam, elevation 500 meters. No types known. Original as brachynotoptéroïdes. •Valid as Osteochilus brachynotopteroides Chevey 1934 -- (Karnasuta 1993:27 [ref. 20700], Rainboth 1996:115 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:9 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:134 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Osteochilus brachynotopteroides Chevey 1934. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

brachynotopterus, Rohita Bleeker [P.] 1855:266 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 9 (no. 2); ref. 351] Lahat, Palembang Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.5.2.171. •Synonym of Osteochilus microcephalus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:50 [ref. 6439], Karnasuta 1993:20 [ref. 20700], Kottelat 2013:135 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteochilus microcephalus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

brachyphysallidos, Discogobio Huang [S.-Y.] 1989:358 [361], Fig. 4 [Zoological Research v. 10 (no. 4); ref. 17676] Yiliang, Luopin, Yunnan Province, China. Syntypes: KIZ uncat. (23). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:349 [ref. 32939]. English description on p. 361. •Valid as Discogobio brachyphysallidos Huang 1989 -- (Chu et al. 1993:243 [ref. 21976], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:259 [ref. 25272], Zhou et al. 2005:448 [ref. 28432], Zheng & Zhou 2008:256 [ref. 29027], Zhang & Zhou 2012:24 [ref. 32322] as branchyphysalloides, Kottelat 2013:100 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:109 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Discogobio brachyphysallidos Huang 1989. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

brachypoma, Labeo Günther [A.] 1868:50 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Lagos, Nigeria. Lectotype: BMNH 1866.3.8.13. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1866.3.8.14-17 (4). Lectotype selected by Reid 1985:162 [ref. 19189]. •Valid as Labeo brachypoma Günther 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:307 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:162 [ref. 19189], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:296 [ref. 21589]). •Mention -- (Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477]). Current status: Valid as Labeo brachypoma Günther 1868. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

brachypterus, Gonorhynchus McClelland [J.] 1839:283, 374 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Mishmee Mountains. No types known. •Synonym of Garra rupecula (McClelland 1839) -- (Menon 1999:151 [ref. 24904], ? as rupecola). Current status: Synonym of Garra rupecula (McClelland 1839). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bramoides, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:160 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Java, Indonesia. Syntypes and Valenciennes specimens: ?SMF 2584 [ex RMNH] (1, dry), 2595 [ex RMNH] (1, dry). Type information: Roberts 1993:21 [ref. 21799]. Simultaneous synonym of balleroides and bramoides; Pellegrin 1934:24 gives preference to balleroides. •Valid as Puntius bramoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:61 [ref. 6439], Roberts 1993:21 [ref. 21799]). •Synonym of Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:80 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

brauni, Varicorhinus Pellegrin [J.] 1935:401 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 26 (no. 4); ref. 15669] Kanséhété River, tributary to Luhoho, Kivu region, Democratic Republic of Congo (±2°05'S, 28°30'E). Syntypes: MNHN 1935-0066 (1); MRAC 42933 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:46 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Varicorhinus brauni Pellegrin 1935 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:337 [ref. 6186], Getahun et al. 2004:159 [ref. 27830]). •Valid as Labeobarbus brauni (Pellegrin 1935) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus brauni (Pellegrin 1935). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Luhoho River system, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

brazzai, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1901:330 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 7 (no. 7); ref. 14887] Sangha River at Mobaka, Upper Congo. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1886-0404. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:30 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus brazzai Pellegrin 1901 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:231 [ref. 6186], De Vos 1995 [ref. 22104], Kamdem Toham & Teugels 1997:51 [ref. 22814], De Weirdt et al. 2007:479 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius brazzai (Pellegrin 1901) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[4] [ref. 34099], Van Ginneken et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35381], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius brazzai (Pellegrin 1901). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bredoi, Varicorhinus Poll [M.] 1948:9, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique v. 24 (no. 21); ref. 13069] Mwena River, affluent of the Lufira River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: IRSNB 76. Paratypes: IRSNB 77 (2). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:13 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:72 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Barbus trachypterus Boulenger 1915 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:292 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus trachypterus (Boulenger 1915) based on placement of trachypterus. Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus trachypterus (Boulenger 1915). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

breijeri, Barbus Weber [M.] 1897:154 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 10; ref. 14640] Pretoria, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Lectotype: ZMA 100257. Paralectotypes: NMW 53975 (1), ZMA 100257a (4). Type catalog: Matthes 1964:180 [ref. 19237], Nijssen et al. 1982:26 [ref. 19236]. Spelled breyeri in literature, the ij equivalent to Latin y. Lectotype selected by Matthes 1964:180 [ref. 19237]. •Synonym of Barbus trimaculatus Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:293 [ref. 6186] as breiyeri). •Synonym of Enteromius trimaculatus (Peters 1852) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius trimaculatus (Peters 1852). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevibarba, Onychostoma Song [ X.-L.], Cao [L.] & Zhang [E] 2018:154, Figs. 1, 2a [Zootaxa 4410 (no. 1); ref. 35890] Tributary on southern bank of Mi Shui discharging into Xiang Jiang of the middle Chang Jiang basin at Hengdong County, Hunan Province, South China, 26°54'7.18"N, 113°04'43.82"E. Holotype: IHB 2011062587. Paratypes: IHB. •Valid as Onychostoma brevibarba Song, Cao & Zhang 2018. Current status: Valid as Onychostoma brevibarba Song, Cao & Zhang 2018. Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: Xiang Jiang drainage, Chang Jiang basin, Hunan Province, South China. Habitat: freshwater.

brevibarbatus, Cophecheilus He [A.-Y.], Huang [W.], He [Y.] & Yang [J.] 2015:300, Figs. 1-5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 25 (no. 4) (for Mar. 2015); ref. 33757] Longbu Spring in Tiandong County village, Potang Town, Guangxi, South China 23°23'08.0"N, 107°15'21.4"E, elevation 269 meters. Holotype: KIZ 20140717001. Paratypes: KIZ. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Cophecheilus brevibarbatus He, Huang, He & Yang 2015. Current status: Valid as Cophecheilus brevibarbatus He, Huang, He & Yang 2015. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Guangxi, China. Habitat: freshwater.

brevibarbatus, Sinocyclocheilus Zhao [Y.-H.], Lan [J.-H.] & Zhang [C.-G.] 2009:204, Fig. 1 [Environmental Biology of Fishes v. 86; ref. 29545] Underground river, Chujiang (Pearl) River basin, Hongshuihe River, Gaoling Town (ca. 24°03'N, 108°02'E), Du'an County, Guangxi Province, China. Holotype: ASIZB [now NZMC] 74228. Paratypes: ASIZB 74229 (1), 93900-04 (5). Zhao et al. 2009:204 [ref. 29545], Ye et al. 2015:42 [ref. 33808]. •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus brevibarbatus Zhao, Lan & Zhang 2009 -- (Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522], Zhao et al. 2011:1550 [ref. 31493], Liang et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31561], Ma & Zhao 2012:109 [ref. 34891], Lan et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32910], Ye et al. 2015:42 [ref. 33808], Zhang et al. 2016:99 [ref. 34477], Liu et al. 2018:[7] [ref. 35769] with authors Zhao & Zhang). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus brevibarbatus Zhao, Lan & Zhang 2009. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Downstream Hongshuihe River basin, Guangxi Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

brevibarbis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:431 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Zegi and Bahardar, Lake Tsana, Ethiopia. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.12.13.295 (1) Zegi, 1902.12.13.296-298 (3) Bahardar; MRAC 160971-72 (2). •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:252 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevicauda, Barbus intermedius var. Keilhack [L.] 1908:167 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1908 (no. 7); ref. 14324] Lake Malawi [Lake Nyasa]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 18167. Also appeared as new in Keilhack 1910:108, Pl. 1, fig. 7 [ref. 32109]. •Synonym of Barbus eurystomus Keilhack 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:243 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus brevicauda (Keilhack 1908) -- (Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111], Tweddle & Skelton 2008:32 [ref. 29605]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus latirostris (Keilhack 1908) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:30, 61 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus latirostris (Keilhack 1908). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Lake Malawi, eastern Africa [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

brevicauda, Labeo niloticus Holly [M.] 1928:184, Fig. 1 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 79; ref. 15855] Shari [Chari] River at Fort Archambault [9°08'N, 18°22'E], central Africa. Holotype (unique): NMW 13763. •Synonym of Labeo senegalensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:320 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:73 [ref. 19189], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:292 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:142 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo senegalensis Valenciennes 1842. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevicauda, Osteochilus Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1916:138 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 3; ref. 4604] Kapuas River at Putus Sibau and Putus Genting, Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: AMNH 9273 (1, lost in mail in 1981); ZMA 100167 (1), 112675 (14). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:32 [ref. 19236]. Holotype apparaently not distinguishable; regarded by ZMA as syntypes. •Synonym of Osteochilus kappenii (Bleeker 1856) -- (Roberts 1989:49 [ref. 6439], Karnasuta 1993:65 [ref. 20700], Kottelat 2013:135 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteochilus kappenii (Bleeker 1856). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevicephalus, Barbus Nagelkerke [L. A. J.] & Sibbing [F. A.] 1997:131, Fig. 5.5 [A revision of the large barbs; ref. 23829] Yigashu (locality 10), Lake Tana, Ethiopia (11°40'N, 37°25'E). Holotype: RMNH 32880. Paratypes: RMNH 32881-89 (9, five localities). •Valid as Barbus brevicephalus Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997 -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1998:5 [ref. 23807], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000:191 [ref. 24546]). •Valid as Labeobarbus brevicephalus (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997) -- (de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Nagelkerke et al. 2015:1198 [ref. 34084], Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus brevicephalus (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Lake Tana and tributaries, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

brevicephalus, Onychostoma Mai [D. Y.] (ex Hao & Hoa) 1978:42, Fig. 17 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Mountain streams of northwestern Vietnam. Syntypes: DVZUT. Apparently unavailable from Hao & Hoa 1969 according to Kottelat 1989:1102 [ref. 14361], but Kottelat 2001 [ref. 25482] reversed this interpretation and dated to Nguyen & Doan [= Hao & Hoa] 1969. •See account of Onychostoma brevicephalus Nguyen & Doan 1969. •In the synonymy of Scaphiodonichthys macracanthus (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Kottelat 2001:40 [ref. 25482]). Current status: Synonym of Scaphiodonichthys macracanthus (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936). Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

brevicephalus, Onychostoma Nguyen [V. H.] & Doan [L. H.] 1969:14, Fig. 14 in ref. 29795 [Some data on composition, origin, and distribution of cyprinid species in northern Vietnam; ref. 25483] Muong Lay [a city and district], Lai Chau Province, Vietnam. Syntypes: (5) apparently lost. See Kottelat 2001:113, 120 [ref. 25482] for availability issues. Spelled in more than one way originally, and Kottelat 2001:120 [ref. 25482] as first reviser selected brevicephalus. See Nguyen & Doan 2008 [ref. 29793] for an English translation of ref. 25483. Lectotype selected by Roberts & Catania 2008:93 [ref. 29794] probably not from this locality. •Should be referred to the genus Onychostoma -- (Roberts & Catania 2008:96 [ref. 29794]). •Synonym of Scaphiodonichthys macracanthus (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Kottelat 2001:40 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2013:159 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scaphiodonichthys macracanthus (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevicephalus, Spinibarbus Nguyen [H. D.] & Nguyen [V. H.] 1997:25, Fig. 2 [Tap Chi Khoa Hoc (Journal of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi). v. 13 (no. 4); ref. 33174] Stream Vu Gia in Thu Bon drainage, Ha Tan, Dai Loc district, Da Nang Province, Quang Nam, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): HNUE 0476. •Valid as Spinibarbus brevicephalus Nguyen & Nguyen 1997 -- (Kottelat 2013:164 [ref. 32989] with question, Nguyen et al. 2015:105 [ref. 36432]). Current status: Valid as Spinibarbus brevicephalus Nguyen & Nguyen 1997. Cyprinidae: Spinibarbinae. Distribution: Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

breviceps, Barbus Trewavas [E.] 1936:68, Pl. 1 (fig. 5) [Novitates Zoologicae. A Journal of Zoology in Connection with the Tring Museum v. 40; ref. 13752] Brook 100 kilometers southeast of Quibala, Longa River system, Angola. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1935.2.20.144-145 (1 of 2). Non-types: BMNH 1935.2.20.144-145 (1 of 2). •Valid as Barbus breviceps Trewavas 1936 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:231 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:135 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:135 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Enteromius breviceps (Trewavas 1936) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius breviceps (Trewavas 1936). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

breviceps, Cirrhina Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:293 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Bantam River, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH (lost). Original genus should have been Cirrhinus. •Status uncertain -- (Roberts 1993:46 [ref. 21799]). •Questionably a synonym of Labeo erythropterus Valencienne 1842 -- (Kottelat 2013:116 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo erythropterus Valenciennes 1842. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

breviceps, Labeobarbus Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:293 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Not available, name mentioned in account of Cirrhina breviceps Valenciennes (Bantam River, Java). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

brevicirri, Cyprinus carpio morpha Misik [V.] 1958:70 [Biologické práce v. 4 (no 6); ref. 22989] Danube River, Slovenia. No types known. Infrasubspecific, not available. •In the synonymy of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:57 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

breviclipeus, Clypeobarbus Stiassny [M. L. J.] & Sakharova [H.] 2016:1398, Figs. 1-2h, 3, 4 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 88 (no. 4); ref. 34176] Kwilu River at Port Mado, Bandundu Province, DRC, 5°14'58.52"S, 18°57'00.07"E. Holotype: AMNH 263725. Paratypes: AMNH, BMNH, MCZ, MRAC, ZSM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Clypeobarbus breviclipeus Stiassny & Sakharova 2016 -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Clypeobarbus breviclipeus Stiassny & Sakharova 2016. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Kwilu River, Kasai basin, central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

brevidorsalis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:167 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 4 (fasc. 2); ref. 15086] Tributary of Lukinda River. Syntypes: (2) MRAC 8691 (1). •Valid as Barbus brevidorsalis Boulenger 1915 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:231 [ref. 6186] with a holotype, Skelton 1993:144 [ref. 24071], Farm 2000:980 [ref. 25015], Skelton 2001:144 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Enteromius brevidorsalis (Boulenger 1915) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:45 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius brevidorsalis (Boulenger 1915). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central and southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

brevidorsalis, Semiplotus Day [F.] 1873:239 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1873 (pt 1) (art. 4) (for 4 Mar. 1873); ref. 18824] Rivers below Neilgherry Hills, Western Ghats, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7808 (1, syntype) Madras; NMW 51642-45 (1, 1, 1); RMNH 8706 [?=2632] (1); ZMB 11043 (1), 21843 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:295 [ref. 25110]. •Valid as Osteochilus brevidorsalis (Day 1873) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:245 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Osteochilichthys brevidorsalis (Day 1873) -- (Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:152 [ref. 24759], Bleher 2018:642 [ref. 36647]). •Valid as Cyprinion brevidorsalis (Day 1873) -- (Menon 1999:118 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Kantaka brevidorsalis (Day 1873) -- (Karnasuta 1993:88 [ref. 20700]). Current status: Valid as Kantaka brevidorsalis (Day 1873). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Western Ghats, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

brevifilis, Barbus (Labeobarbus) Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1881:1033, Unnumbered plate fig. 4 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1880; ref. 3456] China, sent from Hong Kong. Syntypes: ZMB 11326 (2, now 1), 22290 [ex ZMB 11326] (1). •Valid as Tor brevifilis (Peters 1881) -- (Wu et al. 1977:327 [ref. 4807], Mai 1978:85 [ref. 13511], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:145 [ref. 13584], Zheng et al. 1989:195 [ref. 21202], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:166 [ref. 23876], Ding 1994:343 [ref. 21531], Yang & Chen 1995:62 [ref. 23555], Zhu 1995:50 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:167 [ref. 23556], Tang et al. 2001:13 [ref. 25373]). •Valid as Tor brevifilis (Peters 1881), subspecies brevifilis (Peters 1881) -- (Shan et al. in Yue 2000:155 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Folifer brevifilis (Peters 1881) -- (Kottelat 2001:23 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971] as cf. brevifilis, Zhang et al. 2016:90 [ref. 34477] as Foliter). Current status: Valid as Folifer brevifilis (Peters 1881). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia, eastern China. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

brevifinus, Sinocyclocheilus Li [J.], Li [X.] & Mayden [R. L.] 2014:40, Fig. 2 [Zootaxa 3873 (no. 1); ref. 33537] Maohedong Village, Wanggao Town, Hezhou City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, South China, Zhujiang Basin, Hejiang drainage, 24°36'2.2"N, 111°28'12"E. Holotype: PRFR 1201205001. Paratypes: PRFR 1201205002-05 (4). Chen et al. 2016:7 [ref. 34372] have PRFRI 201207001 as holotype. •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus brevifinus Li, Li & Mayden 2014 -- (Chen et al. 2016:7 [ref. 34372]). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus brevifinus Li, Li & Mayden 2014. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Underground river system, Maohedong Village, China. Habitat: freshwater.

brevilateralis, Barbus Poll [M.] 1967:169, Fig. 74 [Publicações Culturais, Companhia de Diamantes de Angola (DIAMANG), Lisboa No. 75; ref. 3528] Tchimenji River, Angola. Holotype: MD 6343. Paratypes: MD 1611 or 6311 (3). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:26 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus brevilateralis Poll 1967 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:232 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius brevilateralis (Poll 1967) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius brevilateralis (Poll 1967). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

brevimentalia, Garra jerdonia var. Narayan Rao [C. R.] 1920:54, Pl. 1 (figs. 1, 1a-b) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 6 (no. 31) (art. 2); ref. 15244] Harangi [Harang] River at Madapur, Coorg, Karnataka, India. Holotype: BMNH 1919.11.19.5-7 (1 of 3). Paratypes: (6) BMNH 1919.11.19.5-7 (2 of 3), ZSI (2), CCB (1). •Synonym of Garra mullya (Sykes 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:429 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:149 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Garra mullya (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevipectoralis, Osteobrama Tilak [R.] & Husain [A.] 1989:328, Figs. 1-4 [Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin v. 65 (no. 2); ref. 17734] Manipur Valley, India. Holotype: ZSI/NRS F567. Paratypes: ZSI/NRS F568 (2). See Das 2003:359 [ref. 27706] with second author as Hussain. •Synonym of Osteobrama belangeri (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:237 [ref. 20764] with question, Menon 1999:63 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:134 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteobrama belangeri (Valenciennes 1844). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevipinnis, Barbus Jubb [R. A.] 1966:159, Fig. 1 [Annals of the Cape Provinvial Museums v. 5; ref. 9038] Sabie River, Incomati River system, Pilgrims Rest District, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype: AMG P1715 [not 1072]. Paratypes: AMG P1716-1735 [not 1073-1092] (30, not 20). Type catalog: Skelton & Stuart 1987:182 [ref. 12628]. •Valid as Barbus brevipinnis Jubb 1966 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:232 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:139 [ref. 24071]). •Valid as Enteromius brevipinnis (Jubb 1966) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Martin & Chakona 2019:114 [ref. 36723]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius brevipinnis (Jubb 1966). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeastern South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

brevirostris, Bangana Liu [K.] & Zhou [W.] 2009:62, Figs. 1, 2A [Zootaxa No. 1980; ref. 30000] Bolou River, a stream tributary of Luosuo-Jiang, at Boluo Village (22°37'N, 101°18'E) of Yixiang Town in Puer City, Xishuangbanna Province, tributary of Lanchang-Jiang River, Mekong River basin, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: SWFC 0512080. Paratypes: SWFC 0512071-79 (9), 0512081-88 (8). Secondary homonym of Bagana brevirostris (Nguyen 2001) when both species are in Bangana. •Valid as Cirrhinus brevirostris (Liu & Zhou 2009) -- (Kottelat 2013:88 [ref. 32989] with question). •Valid as Bangana brevirostris Liu & Zhou 2009 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Bangana brevirostris Liu & Zhou 2009. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Luosuo-Jiang Stream, Mekong River basin, Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

brevirostris, Sinilabeo Nguyen [V. H.] in Nguyen & Ngo 2001:501, Fig. 253 [Freshwater fishes of Viet Nam. Volume I. Family Cyprinidae v. 1; ref. 28301] Sông Nâm Rôm, Diên Biên, Lai Châu, Viêt Nam. Holotype: VNCNTTS I: H.01.92.12.01. Paratypes: VNCNTTS I: H.01.92.12.02 - 04 (8). See Bangana brevirostris Liu & Zhou 2009:62 [ref. 30000] if both are placed in Bangana. •Synonym of Bangana lippa (Fowler 1936) -- (Kottelat 2013:75 [ref. 21989]). Current status: Synonym of Bangana lippa (Fowler 1936). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Streams of the Nâm Rôm and Nâm Nua river systems, Diên Biên County, Lai Châu Province, Vietnam (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

brevis, Capoeta Bleeker [P.] 1849:21 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 12); ref. 16883] Gombong; Kalimas River, Surabaja, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1866.5.2.210 (1), 1867.11.28.179-180 (2). •Valid as Puntius brevis (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:42 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:102 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:49 [ref. 23436], Freyhof et al. 2000:95 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:37 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2001:72 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:148 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:43 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Puntius brevis (Bleeker 1849). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

brevis, Gonorhynchus McClelland [J.] 1839:373, Pl. 43 (fig. 6) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Kosi River and northwest Bengal, also the Ganges, India. No types known. •Synonym of Crossocheilus latius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:140 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Gonorhynchus latius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ciccotto & Page 2016:478 [ref. 34501]). •Synonym of Tariqilabeo latius (Hamilton 1822). Current status: Synonym of Tariqilabeo latius (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevis, Racoma McClelland [J.] 1842:578 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 2926] Helmand River, Afghanistan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Authorship of intermedius from p. 573. •Synonym of Schizothorax intermedius McClelland & Griffith 1842 -- (Berg 1949:713 [ref. 20661], Coad 1995:20 [ref. 23608] with question). •? Synonym of Schizopyge curvifrons (Heckel 1838). Current status: Synonym of Schizopyge curvifrons (Heckel 1838). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevis, Sinocyclocheilus Lan [J.-H.] & Chen [J.-X.] in Chen & Lan 1992:105 (English p. 109), Fig. 2 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 17 (no. 1); ref. 21067] Luocheng County, ca. 24°47'N, 108°53'E, Guangxi, China. Holotype: IHASW 87087496. Paratypes: IHASW 87077469 (1), 87077471 (1), 8707747-48 (1, 1), 87077493 (1). •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus brevis Lan & Chen 1992 -- (Zhu 1995:547 [ref. 25213], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:69 [ref. 25272], Zhao & Zhang 2006:773 [ref. 31176], Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522], Zhao et al. 2011:1550 [ref. 31493], Ma & Zhao 2012:109 [ref. 34891], Lan et al. 2013:178 [ref. 32910], Zhang et al. 2016:99 [ref. 34477] with authorship as Chen & Lan). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus brevis Lan & Chen 1992. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Liujiang basin, Luocheng County, Guangxi, China. Habitat: freshwater.

brevis, Varicorhinus Lin [S.-Y.] 1931:108, Fig. 10 [Carps and carp-like fishes; ref. 4019] Kwangchow, Kwangtung, China. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. See also Varicorhinus (Onychostoma) brevis Wu & Chen 1977 for possible homonymy. •Synonym of Sinilabeo decorus (Peters 1881) -- (Wu et al. 1977:337 [ref. 4807], Zheng et al. 1989:199 [ref. 21202], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:169 [ref. 23876], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:180 [ref. 25272]). •Synonym of Bangana decora (Peters 1881) -- (Zhang et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Decorus decorus (Peters 1881). Current status: Synonym of Decorus decorus (Peters 1881). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevis, Varicorhinus (Onychostoma) Wu [H.-W.] & Chen [?] in Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen & He 1977:318, Fig. 7-55 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 2; ref. 4807] Sichuan, China. Syntypes: 1101 (1), 56-004 (1), 58-4-13 (1). •Valid as Varicorhinus brevis Wu & Chen 1977 -- (Zhu 1995:61 [ref. 25213]). •Valid as Onychostoma brevis (Wu & Chen 1977) -- (Ding 1994:341 [ref. 21531], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:146 [ref. 25272], Tang et al. 2001:13 [ref. 25373], Song et al. 2018:161 [ref. 35890]). Onychostoma breve (Wu & Chen 1977) -- (Xin et al. 2009:261 [ref. 30708], Hoang et al. 2015:123 [ref. 33811], Zhang et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Onychostoma breve (Wu & Chen 1977). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

brevispinis, Barbus ruspolii Holly [M.] 1927:141, Fig. 8 [Sitzungsberichte, Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 136 (Abt. 1) (nos 3-4); ref. 2188] Lokunje River, Lolo, Sanaga, Cameroon (±3°14'N, 10°44'E and ±4°21'N, 11°38'E). Syntypes: NMW 7315-16 (1, 1). •Valid as Barbus brevispinis Holly 1927 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:232 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus brevispinis (Holly 1927) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:521 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus brevispinis (Holly 1927). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

brevispinus, Lissochilus Nguyen [V. H.] & Doan [L. H.] 1969:12, Fig. 7 in ref. 29795 [Some data on composition, origin, and distribution of cyprinid species in northern Vietnam; ref. 25483] Suoi Rut stream, Hoa Binh Province, Vietnam. Syntypes: (3) lost. See Kottelat 2001:113, 118 [ref. 25482] for availability issues. Spelled in more than one way originally, and Kottelat 2001:118 [ref. 25482] as first reviser selected brevispinus. See Nguyen & Doan 2008 [ref. 29793] for an English translation of ref. 25483. No lectotype selected by Roberts & Catania 2008:90 [ref. 29794]. •Uncertain status -- (Kottelat 2001:28 [ref. 25482]). •Probably a Poropuntius and probably a valid species -- (Roberts & Catania 2008:95 [ref. 29794], Kottelat 2013:143 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Poropuntius brevispinus (Nguyen & Doan 1969). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

brichardi, Barbus Poll [M.] & Lambert [J. G.] 1959:107, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 60 (nos 1-2); ref. 12015] Near Mindouli, Niari-Kouilou basin, Republic of the Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 125186. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:26 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus brichardi Poll & Lambert 1959 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:232 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:495 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius brichardi (Poll & Lambert 1959) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[4] [ref. 34099], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius brichardi (Poll & Lambert 1959). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

brichardi, Labeo Poll [M.] 1959:87, Pl. 23 (fig. 1) [v. 71 (art. 3); ref. 3522] Rapids at Kinsuka, near Kinshasa [Leopoldville], Democratic Republic of Congo, 4°18'S, 15°18'E. Holotype: MRAC 118296. Paratypes: (39) MRAC 78126 (1), 87974-75 (2), 96261-62 [?= 98148-56] (2), 103863-64 (2), 118631-32 (1, 1), 118934-53 (20). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:48 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Labeo brichardi Poll 1959 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:307 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeo macrostoma Boulenger 1898 -- (Reid 1985:128 [ref. 19189], Tshibwabwa & Teugels 1995:1561 [ref. 27895]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo macrostoma Boulenger 1898. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

brittoni, Garra Trewavas [E.] 1941:11, Fig. B [British Museum (Natural History) expedition to southwest Arabia v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 12735] Migyal al Alaf, a cistern 8 miles south of San'a, Yemen, elevation 8000 feet. Lectotype: BMNH 1940.2.15.19. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1940.2.15.20-27 (8). Lectotype established as "Lectotype selected by Dr. P. Bănărescu (in press)" in Banister & Clarke 1977:140 [7232]. Stiassny & Getahun 2007:66 [ref. 29119] have lectotype as 1940.8.15.192. •Synonym of Garra tibanica Trewavas 1941 -- (Banister & Clarke 1977:140 [ref. 7232], Alkahem & Behnke 1983:560 [ref. 8384], Krupp 1983:607 [ref. 8320]). •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) -- (Stiassny & Getahun 2007:66 [ref. 29119] dated to Rüppell 1836). Current status: Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

britzi, Barboides Conway [K. W.] & Moritz [T.] 2006:74, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 17 (no. 1); ref. 28637] Lokoli Swamp Forest, 7°03'40"N, 2°15'32"E, main channel, Province du Zou, Benin. Holotype: BMNH 2005.6.7.44. Paratypes: BMNH 2005.6.7.45-57 (13), 2005.6.7.58-60 (3 c&s), 2005.6.7.63-68 (6). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Barboides britzi Conway & Moritz 2006 -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Barboides britzi Conway & Moritz 2006. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Lokoli Swamp Forest, Benin, western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

broadihornes, Sinocyclocheilus Li [W.-X.] & Mao [W.-N.] 2007:226, Figs. 1-2 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 32 (no. 1); ref. 29411] Bat Cave, ca. 24°48'N, 108°18'E, Shilin County, Yunnan Province, China, elevation 1750 meters. Holotype: HRA 060412001. Paratypes: HRA 060412002-3 (2). •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus broadihornes Li & Mao 2007 -- (Li et al. 2007:2 [ref. 29378], Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522], Zhao et al. 2011:1551 [ref. 31493], Ma & Zhao 2012:109 [ref. 34891], Zhang et al. 2016:99 [ref. 34477], Liu et al. 2018:[7] [ref. 35769]). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus broadihornes Li & Mao 2007. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Upstream Hongshuihe River basin, Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

brookingi, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:406, Fig. 63 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] East London, Cape Province, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM 10670 [now at AMG]. •Synonym of Pseudobarbus trevelyani (Günther 1877) -- (Yang et al. 2015:89, 112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). •Synonym of Amatolacypris trevelyani (Günther 1877). Current status: Synonym of Amatolacypris trevelyani (Günther 1877). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brucei, Schizocypris Regan [C. T.] 1914:262, Fig. B [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 13 (no. 74) (art. 26); ref. 3663] 32°20'N, 69°30'E, Wana Toi, tributary of Gomal River, southwestern Waziristan, Pakistan. Syntypes: BMNH 1913.4.15.100-109 (10), ZSI F9832/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:117 [ref. 20743]. •Valid as Schizocypris brucei Regan 1914 -- (Coad 1981:12 [ref. 22348], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:398 [ref. 20764], Rafique 2000:324 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2000:356 [ref. 25207], Mirza & Afridi 2002:173 [ref. 26429], Mirza 2003:11 [ref. 27265], Coad & Keyzer-de Ville 2005:37 [ref. 28505]). Current status: Valid as Schizocypris brucei Regan 1914. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

brucii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:309, Pl. 18 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1907 (pt 2) (art. 1); ref. 15132] Groot Olifant River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1907.3.15.34. •Synonym of Barbus marequensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:265 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brucii, Varicorhinus Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:310, Pl. 19 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1907 (pt 2) (art. 1); ref. 15132] Klein Olifant River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1907.3.15.37. •Synonym of Barbus marequensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:265 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brueningi, Barbus Schreitmüller [W.] 1937:109 [Deutscher Almanach für Aquarien- und Terrarienfreunde 1938; ref. 35566] Southeastern Asia (aquarium import). No types known. Also "described" with figure in [ref. 17170]. •Possibly a synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842)? Current status: Uncertain as Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brunellii, Barbus Bini [G.] 1940:173, Pl. 10 [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Syntypes: (8) lost. Name appears first on p. 161. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186] as a species). •Not collected -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:146 [ref. 23829]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brunellii, Labeo Parenzan [P.] 1939:149, Figs. 3-4 [Bollettino di Pesca, Piscicoltura e Idrobiologia v. 15 (no. 2); ref. 13590] Lake Regina Margherita [Lake Ganjule or Gardula], southern Ethiopia. Syntypes: ?Lab. Centrale Idrobiol. Rome (2). •Valid as Labeo brunellii Parenzan 1939 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:307 [ref. 6186]). •Questionably a synonym of Labeo bottegi Vinciguerra 1897 -- (Reid 1985:189 [ref. 19189]). Current status: Uncertain as Labeo bottegi Vinciguerra 1897. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

brunneus, Tylognathus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:131, Figs. 87-88 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Chieng Mai [Chiengmai], northern Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 58369. Paratypes: ANSP 58370-75 (6). Additional material (87). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:14 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:70 [ref. 13621]. •Mention in genus Henicorhynchus -- (Kottelat 1984:803 [ref. 11440]). •Synonym of Cirrhinus siamensis (Sauvage 1881) -- (Roberts 1997:196 [ref. 23550]). •Synonym of Henicorhynchus siamensis (Sauvage 1881) -- (Kottelat 2001:54 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Gymnostomus siamensis (Sauvage 1881) -- (Kottelat 2013:108 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Henicorhynchus siamensis (Sauvage 1881). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bucephalus, Carassius Heckel [J. J.] 1839:157 [Annalen des Wiener Museums der Naturgeschichte v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 2079] Near Salonika, Macedonia, Greece. Syntypes: NMW 56151 (2). •Synonym of Carassius gibelio (Bloch 1782) -- (Kottelat 1997:51 [ref. 22952] with question, Dyldin & Orlov 2016:657 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Carassius gibelio (Bloch 1782). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

buchanani, Catla Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:411, Pl. 515 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Calcutta, India; Ganges. Valenciennes types: MNHN 0000-2747 (2), 0000-3850 (1), 0000-5414 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:12 [ref. 19574], but if regarded as a replacement name then the Bertin & Estève specimens are not types. Unneeded new name for Cyprinus catla Hamilton 1822. •Synonym of Catla catla (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:163 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:119 [ref. 24904], Bănărescu in Bănărescue & Paepke 2002:183 [ref. 25856], Ataur Rahman 2003:157 [ref. 31338]). •Synonym of Gibelion catala (Hamilton 1822) -- (Mirza 2003:6 [ref. 27265], Kottelat 2013:107 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Labeo catla (Hamilton 1822). Current status: Synonym of Labeo catla (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

buchanani, Mrigala Bleeker [P.] 1860:226 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 7 (art. 2); ref. 380] Gangetic provinces. No types known. Unneeded replacement name for Cyprinus mrigala Hamilton 1822. •Objective synonym of Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton 1822). •Synonym of Cirrhinus cirrhosus (Bloch 1795) -- (Roberts 1997:177 [ref. 23550], Kottelat 2013:88 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cirrhinus cirrhosus (Bloch 1795). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

buchanani, Rohita Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:251 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Gangetic and Ava provinces, India. No types known. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:15 [ref. 19574] but these were not types (MNHN 0013 (3)). Unnecessary replacement of Labeo rohita (Hamilton 1922). •Synonym of Labeo rohita (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:138 [ref. 24904], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:91 [ref. 25342], Kottelat 2013:117 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo rohita (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

buettikeri, Garra Krupp [F.] 1983:595, Fig. 21 [Fauna of Saudi Arabia v. 5; ref. 8320] Wadi Turabah, Saudi Arabia, 20°29'N, 41°12'E, elevation 1470 meters. Holotype: NMBA 5552. Paratypes: BMNH 1977.8.25.8 (1), 1977.8.25.9-13 (5); NMBA 5549-51 (3), 5553-55 (3), 5574-80 (7), 5588-90 (3), 5881-5913 (32), 5914-26 (12); SMF 16444 (10). Type catalog: Kottelat & Sutter 1988:53 [ref. 13796]. •Valid as Garra buettikeri Krupp 1983 -- (Hamidan et al. 2014:234 [ref. 33626] as buettikerii, Lyon et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34670] as buettikerii). Current status: Valid as Garra buettikeri Krupp 1983. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Arabian Peninsula. Habitat: freshwater.

buhsei, Capoeta Kessler [K. F.] 1877:85 [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Probably Karaj River near Tehran, Iran. Syntypes: ZIN 2330 (2). •Valid as Capoeta buhsei Kessler 1877 -- (Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:88 [ref. 8508], Coad 1995:14 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Turan et al. 2006:153 [ref. 28700], Özuluğ & Freyhof 2008:293 [ref. 29981], Esmaeili et al. 2010:368 [ref. 33391], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912] one as cf. buhsei, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:867 [ref. 34062], Teimori et al. 2015:90 [ref. 34095], Zareian et al. 2016:140 [ref. 34227], Zareian et al. 2016:71 [ref. 34282], Esmaeili et al. 2016:42 [ref. 34283], Alwan et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34334], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2016:169 [ref. 34989], Alwan et al. 2016:17 [ref. 35686], Esmaeili et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35254], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2017:152 [ref. 35425], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2017:153 [ref. 35538], Zareian & Esmaeili 2017:243 [ref. 36090], Esmaeili et al. 2018:18 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta buhsei Kessler 1877. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Namak Lake and Kavir basin, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

bukrangi, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1839:220, 410 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Not available, name mentioned in passing (p. 220) and in synonymy (p. 410). Cyprinidae.

bulatmai, Cyprinus Gmelin [S. G.] 1784:135 [Reise durch Russland; ref. 18140] Not an original description, see Cyprinus bulatmai Hablizl 1783. Cyprinidae.

bulatmai, Cyprinus Hablizl [C. L.] 1783:6 [Neue Nordische Beyträge zur physikalischen und geographischen Erd- und Völkerbeschreibung, Naturgeschichte und Oekonomie. St. Petersburg & Leipzig v. 4; ref. 20763] Enzelli (Enzeli, Bandar-e-Anzali), estuary of Enzeli River, Caspian Sea watershed in northern Iran. No types known. Cyprinus bulatmai Gmelin 1784:135 [ref. 18140] is not an independent description. •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya 1998:88 [ref. 23589], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:147 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) based on placement of capito. Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

bulu, Systomus Bleeker [P.] 1851:207 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 329] Bandjarmasin, Borneo, Indonesia. RMNH 7029 [ex RMNH 2913]. Syntypes and/or Bleeker specimens: (4) BMNH 1866.5.2.199 (1), NMV 45893 (1), RMNH 2913 (2). Lectotype designation not researched, not designated here. •Valid as Puntioplites bulu (Bleeker 1851) -- (Bănărescu 1978:114 [ref. 36231], Roberts 1989:60 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:42 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:232 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:92 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:583 [ref. 23647], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:153 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:184 [ref. 28285], Kottelat 2013:147 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:29 [ref. 35802], Ng et al. 2019:525 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Puntioplites bulu (Bleeker 1851). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

bunau, Puntius Rachmatika [I.] 2005:182, Figs. 1-2 [Treubia, Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense v. 33 (no. 2); ref. 28450] Sesay basin, Paya Seturan County, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 12074. Paratypes: BMNH 2004.4.26.1 (1); CMK 17999 (1); MZB 12075 (1), 12076 (2), 12077 (1), 12078 (1); USNM uncat. (1); ZRC 49220 (2), 49867 (4). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Barbodes bunau Rachmatika 2005 -- (Kottelat 2013:78 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes bunau (Rachmatika 2005). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

bunter, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1857:350 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 16868] Tjidani River, Tjampea, western Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Questionably a synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

buphthalmus, Cyprinus Shaw [G.] in Shaw & Nodder 1796:no page number, Pl. 262 [The Naturalist's Miscellany; ref. 4013] China. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

burchelli, Barbus (Pseudobarbus) Smith [A.] 1841:no pagination, Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Tradouw River, Breë River system, southwestern Cape Province, South Africa, 33°56'50"S, 20°42'39"E. Neotype: AMG P7223. Type catalog: Skelton & Stuart 1987:183 [ref. 12628]. Neotype designated by Skelton 1988:264 [ref. 7302]. •Valid as Barbus burchelli Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:232 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Pseudobarbus burchelli (Smith 1841) -- (Skelton 1988:264 [ref. 7302], Skelton 1993:123 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:123 [ref. 27406], Chakona & Swartz 2013:568 [ref. 32786], Chakona et al. 2014:135 [ref. 33568], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417], Skelton et al. 2018:16 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Pseudobarbus burchelli (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

burgeri, Carassius Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:194, Pl. 98 (figs. 2, 2a-b) [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 2392. Paralectotypes: (12) RMNH 2389 (4), 2390 (1), 2391 (2), 36375 (2). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:154 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:820 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Carassius carassius (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:342 [ref. 25598]). •Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Sawada in Masuda et al. 1984:57 [ref. 6441] as buergeri, Nakabo 2000:254 [ref. 25086] as buergeri, Nakabo 2002:254 [ref. 26001] as buergeri). •Mention -- (Kalous et al. 2012:11 [ref. 32063]). Current status: Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

burgi, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:147, Fig. 124 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Burg River, Paarl, Cape Province, South Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1901.2.11.14-16 (3). •Valid as Barbus burgi Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:233 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Pseudobarbus burgi (Boulenger 1911) -- (Skelton 1988:269 [ref. 7302], Skelton 1993:123 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:123 [ref. 27406], Chakona & Swartz 2013:568 [ref. 32786], Chakona et al. 2014:135 [ref. 33568], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417], Skelton et al. 2018:16 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Pseudobarbus burgi (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

burmanica, Dangila Day [F.] 1877:546, Pl. 131 (fig. 2) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Moulmein and Tavoy, Tenasserim Province, southeastern Myanmar. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7854 (1, syntype). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:295 [ref. 25110]. •Valid as Labiobarbus burmanicus (Day 1877) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:223 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:7 [ref. 22832]). •Synonym of Labiobarbus leptocheilus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1994:320 [ref. 22596], Kottelat 2013:118 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Labiobarbus leptocheilus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

burmanicus, Barbus Day [F.] 1878:572, Pl. 141 (fig. 4) [The fishes of India Part 4; ref. 4887] Mergui, Myanmar. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7898 (1) Pegu, NMW 53977 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:295-296 [ref. 25110]. •Valid as Puntius burmanicus (Day 1878) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:261 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:209 [ref. 29986], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:73 [ref. 32071], Kottelat 2013:149 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Puntius burmanicus (Day 1878). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

burmanicus, Crossochilus latius Hora [S. L.] 1936:319, 324 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 38 (pt 3); ref. 13702] Myanmar; Assam, India. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Original genus is correctly Crossocheilus. Spelled 2 ways originally, burmanicas (p. 324) and burmanicus (on p. 319); Kottelat serves as first reviser, selecting the spelling burmanicus and treating it as a specific name. Based mostly on Mukerji 1934:52. See Das 2003:355 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Crossocheilus burmanicus Hora 1936 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:414 [ref. 20764], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662], Kottelat 2003:399 [ref. 27358], Kottelat 2013:89 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:108 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Gonorhynchus burmanicus (Hora 1936) -- (Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:359 [ref. 34017], Ciccotto & Page 2016:489 [ref. 34501], Bleher 2018:540 [ref. 36647]). •Valid as Tariqilabeo burmanicus (Hora 1936) -- (Kottelat 2016:445 [ref. 34856]). Current status: Valid as Tariqilabeo burmanicus (Hora 1936). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Irrawaddy and Salween River, India and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

burmanicus, Scaphiodonichthys Vinciguerra [D.] 1890:285, Pl. 11 (fig. 11) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 9; ref. 4520] Meekalan, Tenasserim, Myanmar. Lectotype: MSNG 17348A. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1889.10.4.2 (1), 1893.2.16.30-32 (3); MSNG 17348B (1), ?17361 (4); MSNM 32 [ex MSNM 5116] (2); USNM 44732 (3). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:186 [ref. 10343], Conci & Michelangeli 1974:225 [ref. 21560]. Lectotype selected by Tortonese 1961:186 [ref. 10343]. •Synonym of Varicorhinus acanthopterus (Fowler 1934) -- (Wu et al. 1977:320 [ref. 4807] credited to Smith 1933). •Valid as Cyprinion burmanicus (Vinciguerra 1890) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:179 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832]). •Should be referred to the genus Onychostoma -- (Roberts & Catania 2008:96 [ref. 29794]). •Valid as Scaphiodonichthys burmanicus Vinciguerra 1890 -- (Kottelat 1998:56 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2015:159 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Scaphiodonichthys burmanicus Vinciguerra 1890. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

burnesiana, Cirrhinus McClelland [J.] 1842:582 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 2926] Cabul River at Jullalabad [Jalalabad], Afganistan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Status uncertain -- (see Coad 1981:10 [ref. 22348]). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

burtoni, Barbus clavatus Mukerji [D. D.] 1934:64, Figs. 10-11 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 36 (pt 4); ref. 16509] Phungin Hka, tributary of Mali Hka River, Myitkyina District, Upper Myanmar. Holotype: ZSI F11437/1. Paratypes: ZSI F11462/1 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:105 [ref. 20743]. Figure from legend (p. 831) to Pl. 3 (not available); text in Mukerji 1934:64, Figs. 10-11 [ref. 16509]. See Das 2003:353 [ref. 27706] with date as 1924 [sic]. •Status uncertain, in Poropuntius -- (Roberts 1998:116 [ref. 23549]). •Valid as Barbus burtoni Mukerji 1933 -- (Menon 1999:82 [ref. 24904] as bartoni). •Valid as Poropuntius burtoni (Mukerji 1933) -- (Vishwanath & Kosygin 2001:32 [ref. 25682], Kottelat 2013:143 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius burtoni (Mukerji 1933). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

bynni, Cyprinus Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:71, xiii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Nile River, Egypt (±24°05'N, 32°53'E). Neotype: BMNH 1907.12.2.1230. Spelled binny by Lacepède 1803:530 [ref. 4930] and Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1827:282 [ref. 4185]. Neotype designated by Banister 1973:27 [ref. 7554]. •Valid as Barbus bynni (Forsskål 1775) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:233 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:301 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367], Dankwa et al. 1999:26 [ref. 28023], Seegers et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Labeobarbus bynni (Forsskål 1775) -- (Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:852 [ref. 34067], Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343] as a subspecies bynni, Neumann et al. 2016:304 [ref. 35036]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus bynni (Forsskål 1775). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Northeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

cadenati, Barbus Daget [J.] 1962:80, Fig. 18; Pl. 9 (fig. 18) [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 65; ref. 5866] Lower Guinea. Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0115 (5), 1960-0443 to 0444 (3, only 1 is a syntype). Additional material: (20). •Valid as Barbus cadenati Daget 1962 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:234 [ref. 6186], Lévêque et al. 1989:116 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:320 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Enteromius cadenati (Daget 1962) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius cadenati (Daget 1962). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

caelestis, Capoeta Schöter [C.], Özuluğ [M.] & Freyhof [J.] 2009:230, Figs. 1-4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 30707] Göksu River at Göksu, below Göksu power station, approximately 80 kilometers northwest of Silifki, 37°02.74'N, 32°44.56'E, Karaman Province, Turkey. Holotype: IUSHM 37930-252. Paratypes: IUSHM 37930-247 (24), FSJF 2304 (22). Type catalog: Özuluğ & Saç 2018:46 [ref. 35782]. •Valid as Capoeta caelestis Schöter, Özuluğ & Freyhof 2009 -- (Levin et al. 2012:545 [ref. 33912], Çiçek et al. 2015:143 [ref. 35151], Zareian et al. 2016:72 [ref. 34282], Alwan et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34334], Alwan et al. 2016:17 [ref. 35686], Turan et al. 2017:437 [ref. 35330], Çiçek et al. 2018:3 [ref. 36267], Elp et al. 2018:103 [ref. 35851]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta caelestis Schöter, Özuluğ & Freyhof 2009. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Turkey: Göksu River, Antalya and Karaman provinces. Habitat: freshwater.

caeruleus, Labeo Day [F.] 1877:540, Pl. 129 (fig. 3) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] River at base of Sind Hills, Pakistan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762]. Spelled coeruleus by authors. •Valid as Labeo caeruleus Day 1877 -- (Shrestha 1978:35 [ref. 15970], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:202 [ref. 20764], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:121 [ref. 25342], Mirza 2003:7 [ref. 27265], Shrestha 2008:69 [ref. 29923]). Current status: Valid as Labeo caeruleus Day 1877. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

cafer, Labeo Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:60 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] River crossing the Cat-River-Settlement, a branch of Great Fish River, northwestern Cafrerie, Cape Province, South Africa. •Synonym of Labeo umbratus (Smith 1841) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:321 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo umbratus (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

calbasu, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:297, 387, Pl. 2 (fig. 33) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Bengal and western provinces, India. No types known. •Valid as Morulius calbasu (Hamilton 1822) -- (Rainboth 1996:115 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Labeo calbasu (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:35 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:115 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:203 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:507 [ref. 23778], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:151 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:168 [ref. 24760], Menon 1999:129 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2000:355 [ref. 25207], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:83 [ref. 25342], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:7 [ref. 27265], Yadav 2003:10 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:132 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:69 [ref. 29923], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Kottelat 2013:115 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:210 [ref. 34477], Plamoottil & Zupančič 2017:305 [ref. 35479], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:580 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Labeo calbasu (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Asia: Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh and to ? China. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

caldwelli, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] 1925:2 [American Museum Novitates No. 185; ref. 3180] Near Yenping [Yanping], Fukien [Fujian], China. Holotype: AMNH 8434. Paratypes: AMNH 10223 (3). •Valid as Barbodes caldwelli (Nichols 1925) -- (Wu et al. 1977:252 [ref. 4807]). •Synonym of Spinibarbus hollandi Oshima 1919 -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:150 [ref. 13584], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:39 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2001:81 [ref. 25780], Zhang et al. 2016:105 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Spinibarbus caldwelli (Nichols 1925) -- (Mai 1978:78 [ref. 13511], Jin in Kuang et al. 1986:108 [ref. 26639], Zheng et al. 1989:166 [ref. 21202], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:140 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:51 [ref. 25213], Tang et al. 2001:12 [ref. 25373], Kottelat 2013:156 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Spinibarbus caldwelli (Nichols 1925). Cyprinidae: Spinibarbinae. Distribution: Fukien Province, China. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

calidus, Barbus Barnard [K. H.] 1938:86 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 15990] Jan Dissels River, Olifants River system, Cape Province, South Africa. Lectotype: SAM 18605 [now at AMG]. Paralectotypes: [SAM now at AMG] SAM 18605 (with lectotype, many), 18606 (many), 18756 (many), plus apparently lost: 2912-2915 (1, 1, 1, 1), 22499 (?). Lectotype selected by Skelton 1988:295 [ref. 7302]. •Valid as Barbus calidus Barnard 1938 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:234 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1988:295 [ref. 7302], Skelton 1993:153 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:153 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Pseudobarbus calidus (Barnard 1938) -- (Yang et al. 2015:89, 112 [ref. 33694]). •Valid as Sedercypris calidus (Barnard 1938) -- (Skelton et al. 2018:19 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Sedercypris calidus (Barnard 1938). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Clanwilliam - Olifants River system, southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

callensis, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:147 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Lake near La Calle, Algeria. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-0001. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2584 [ex MNHN 0000-0001] (6). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:23-24 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Almaça 1969:1135 [ref. 20712]. •Valid as Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:234 [ref. 6186], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366]). •Valid as Luciobarbus callensis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Levin et al.2012:544 [ref. 33912], Brahimi et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35360], Brahimi et al. 2018:557 [ref. 35974]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus callensis (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eastern Algeria and Tunesia. Habitat: freshwater.

callewaerti, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] & La Monte [F. R.] 1933:3, Fig. 2 [American Museum Novitates No. 656; ref. 3187] Luluabourg [Kananga], Kasai Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): AMNH 12339. •Synonym of Varicorhinus macrolepidotus Pellegrin 1928 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:339 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus macrolepidotus (Pellegrin 1928) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus macrolepidotus (Pellegrin 1928). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

callipterus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:486 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 20 (no. 120) (art. 66); ref. 15138] Kribi River at Akok, southern Cameroon. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.5.30.178-181 (4). •Valid as Barbus callipterus Boulenger 1907 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:236 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Paugy & Bénech 1989:301 [ref. 26478], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:345 [ref. 21589], Dankwa et al. 1999:28 [ref. 28023], De Weirdt et al. 2007:493 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius callipterus (Boulenger 1907) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[4] [ref. 34099], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius callipterus (Boulenger 1907). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

callopterus, Epalzeorhynchus Günther [A.] 1868:76 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Unjustified emendation of Barbus kalopterus Bleeker 1850. •Synonym of Epalzeorhynchos kalopterum (Bleeker 1850) -- ( Kottelat 2013:101 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Epalzeorhynchos kalopterum (Bleeker 1850). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

cambodgiensis, Cirrhina (Crossochilus) Tirant [G.] 1884:170, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Bulletin de la Société des Études Indo-chinoises. Saigon. 1883; ref. 17921] Montagnes de Samrong Tong, Cambodia. Holotype (unique): MHNL 4200-0002 (3465). On p. 37, pl. 2 (fig. 1) of reprint in Chevey 1929 [ref. 16215]. Original genus should have been Cirrhinus. •Valid as Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1884) -- (Kottelat 1986:11, 21 [ref. 11434], Rainboth 1996:121 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:29 [ref. 23436], Freyhof et al. 2000:94 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780], Zhang & Chen 2002:463 [ref. 26897], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989], Lothongkham et al. 2014:551 [ref. 33283], Vilasri et al. 2014:24 [ref. 33693], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971], Zhang et al. 2016:110 [ref. 34477], Kangrang et al. 2016:343 [ref. 34836], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484], Ng et al. 2019:523 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1884). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Mekong River and Chao Phraya River basins, Thailand, Vietnam and Cambodia; Malaya (Malaysia). Habitat: freshwater.

cameroonensis, Prolabeops Schultz [L. P.] 1941:87, Pl. 13; Fig. (p. 87) [Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club v. 18; ref. 3954] Cameroon, western Africa. Holotype: MCZ 35368. Paratypes: MCZ 35369 (1), USNM 119204 (1). •Synonym of Prolabeops melanhypoptera [sic] (Pellegrin 1928) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:331 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Synonym of Prolabeops melanhypopterus (Pellegrin 1928). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

camerunensis, Labeo Trewavas [E.] 1974:340, Pl. 3 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 26 (no. 5); ref. 7546] Mungo River at bridge near Etam, western Cameroon. Holotype: BMNH 1973.5.14.324. Paratypes: BMNH 1973.5.14.322-323 (2, 1 c&s), 1973.5.14.325-326 (2). Lectotype selected by Reid 1985:243 [ref. 19189]. •Synonym of Labeo batesii Boulenger 1911 -- (Reid 1985:134 [ref. 19189]). •Valid as Labeo camerunensis Trewavas 1974 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:305 [ref. 6186], Tshibwabwa 1997:124 [ref. 24616], De Weirdt et al. 2007:557 [ref. 30024]). Current status: Valid as Labeo camerunensis Trewavas 1974. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

camerunensis, Raddabarbus Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1971:133, Figs. 1-7 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 83 (nos 1-2); ref. 4403] Miangadju, kilometers 12 on road Kribi-Ebolowa, 2°53'N, 9°58'E, Cameroon, western Africa. Holotype: MRAC 171879. Paratypes: (39) MRAC 171880-91 (12), 171892-916 (25), 171917-36 (20). •Synonym of Barboides gracilis Brüning 1929 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:217 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:287 [ref. 21589], Conway & Moritz 2006:73 [ref. 28637], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Barboides gracilis Brüning 1929. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

camptacanthus, Puntius (Barbodes) Bleeker [P.] 1863:111, Pl. 23 (fig. 2) [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 2) v. 18 (1862); ref. 395] Fernando Póo Island [Bioco Island], Equatorial Guinea, Gulf of Guinea. Syntypes: RMNH 2458 (3). •Valid as Barbus camptacanthus (Bleeker 1863) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:237 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:336 [ref. 21589], De Weirdt et al. 2007:495 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius camptacanthus (Bleeker 1863) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[4] [ref. 34099], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius camptacanthus (Bleeker 1863). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

canalii, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:143 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Topico [Topino] and Tevere, near Perugia, Italy. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-1412. Paralectotypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:23 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Almaça 1969:1132 [ref. 20712]. •Synonym of Barbus tyberinus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Bianco 1995:313 [ref. 21944], Kottelat 1997:51 [ref. 22952], Bianoc in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:427 [ref. 27353]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus tyberinus Bonaparte 1839. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

canarensis, Gobio Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:306 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Neotype locality Daksshin Kanada, India. Old locality: Canara, southern India. Neotype: ZRI/SRC F 4003. Neotype designation by Knight et al. 2013:210 [ref. 33021]. •Synonym of Hypselobarbus curmuca (Hamilton 1807) -- (Menon 1999:76 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus canarensis (Jerdon 1849) -- (Knight et al. 2013:204 [ref. 33021], Bleher 2018:556 [ref. 36647]). •Not a synonym of Hypselobarbus kurali Menon & Rema Devi 1995 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2016:77 [ref. 34553]). Current status: Uncertain as Hypselobarbus canarensis (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Canara, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

candens, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] & Griscom [L.] 1917:701, Fig. 15 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 37 (art. 25); ref. 3185] Kisangani, Orientale Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: AMNH 6046. Paratypes: (54) AMNH 6251 (47), USNM 94243 (2). •Valid as Barbus candens Nichols & Griscom 1917 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:237 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius candens (Nichols & Griscom 1917) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius candens (Nichols & Griscom 1917). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

caninus, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:142, Pl. 464 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] [Lac Majeur] Lago Maggiore, Italy. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-1408. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-0070 (1), B-2578 [ex MNHN 0000-2597] (1), 0000-2583 (2), B-2597 (2), 0000-3369 (4), 0000-3943 (1), 0000-3944 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:23 [ref. 19574]. Appeared first as name only in Cuvier 1829:273 [ref. 995] and as Valenciennes in Cuvier 1842:217 [ref. 4980]. Type information: Almaça 1969:1120, 1132-1133 [ref. 20712] who allocated the type specimens among 3 species and named two lectotypes; Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952] selected MNHN 1408 as lectotype, which is the specimen referred to Barbus meridionalis caninus by Almaça. •Permanently invalid; synonym and homonym of Barbus caninus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Bianco 1995:318 [ref. 21944], Bianco in Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:130 [ref. 27353]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus caninus Bonaparte 1839. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

caninus, Barbus Bonaparte [C. L.] 1839:fasc. 25, punt. 129, Pl. 110 bis (fig. 2) [Iconografia della fauna italica; ref. 4895] Piemonte, Po River basin, Italy. Lectotype: ANSP 6142. Paralectotypes: ANSP 6143 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:71 [ref. 13621]. Lectotype selected by Bianco 1995:318 [ref. 21944]. •Valid as Barbus caninus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Krupp 1985:22 [ref. 11626] dating to Valenciennes, Bianco 1995:318 [ref. 21944], Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952], Kotlík et al. 2002:236 [ref. 26484], Bianco in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:129 [ref. 27353], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:121 [ref. 29996], Bianco 2013:9 [ref. 32897], Bianco 2013:9 [ref. 32897], Levin et al. 2013:544 [ref. 33912], Buonerba et al. 2015:115 [ref. 35178]). Current status: Valid as Barbus caninus Bonaparte 1839. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Northern Italy and Switzerland; some introductions elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

canis, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:186, Pl. 468 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Jordan River, Palestine. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-1413. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-3994 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:26 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Krupp & Schneider 1989:360 [ref. 13651]. •Valid as Barbus canis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Goren 1974:91 [ref. 7502], Krupp & Schneider 1989:360 [ref. 13651], Coad 1991:23 [ref. 15702], Coad 1996:84 [ref. 25304]). •Valid as Carasobarbus canis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:91 [ref. 26519], Borkenhagen et al. 2011:328 [ref. 31372], Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:11 [ref. 32915], Mohamed et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35027], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158]). Current status: Valid as Carasobarbus canis (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Jordan River System: coastal rivers of the Mediterranean Sea (introduced in Azraq Oasis). Habitat: freshwater.

canius, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:320, 390 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Pond in Cooch Behar District, West Bengal, India. Neotype: ZSI.SRC F.8732. Neotype designated by Knight 2013:176 [ref. 32828]. •Synonym of Puntius gelius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:94 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Pethia gelius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:81 [ref. 32071] based on placment of gelius). •Valid as Pethia canius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Knight 2013:173 [ref. 32828], Katwate et al. 2014:244 [ref. 33433], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2018:591 [ref. 35803], Bleher 2018:656 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Pethia canius (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Ganga-Brahmaputra basin, West Bengal, India. Habitat: freshwater.

cantini, Tylognathus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1882:175 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 6; ref. 3894] Ethiopia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1789. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:19 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Labeo cylindricus Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:310 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:150 [ref. 23725], Tshibwabwa 1997:451 [ref. 24617]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo cylindricus Peters 1852. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

cantonensis, Carassius auratus var. Tchang [T.-L.] 1933:27, Fig. 8 [Zoologica Sinica Ser. B v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 16463] Canton, China. Holotype (unique): ZMFMIB (now ASIZB) 9236. •Synonym of Carassius carassius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Chen & Huang 1977:432 [ref. 8497]). •Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Zheng et al. 1989:239 [ref. 21202], Liu in Pan et al. 1991:229 [ref. 23876], Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:430 [ref. 25272] as contonensis, Kottelat 2013:85 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

cantonensis, Carpio Heincke [F.] 1892:70, Pl. 8 (figs. 8-9) [ ref. 14510] Canton, China. Kiel Univ. Not available, specifically proposed for a hybrid according to Kottelat 2001:19 [ref. 25482]; but Heincke's specimen was made the neotype of Cyprinus acuminatus Richardson 1846. •Valid as Carassioides cantonensis (Heincke 1892) -- (Chen & Huang 1977:429 [ref. 8497], Mai 1978:26 [ref. 13511], Kuang in Kuang et al. 1986:141 [ref. 26639], Zheng et al. 1989:238 [ref. 21202], Liu in Pan et al. 1991:227 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:99 [ref. 25213], Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:425 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:80 [ref. 34477]). •In the synonymy of Carassioides acuminatus (Richardson 1846) -- (Kottelat 2013:84 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Carassioides acuminatus (Richardson 1846). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

caobangi, Discogobio Nguyen [V. H.] in Nguyen & Ngo 2001:562, Fig. 290 [Freshwater fishes of Viet Nam. Volume I. Family Cyprinidae v. 1; ref. 28301] Sông Bàng, Cao Bàng, Viêt Nam. Holotype (unique): VNCNTTS I: H.01.97.02.01. •Valid as Discogobio caobangi Nguyen 2001. Current status: Valid as Discogobio caobangi Nguyen 2001. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Bang, River, Cao Bang Province, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

capensis, Abrostomus Smith [A.] 1841:no pagination, Pl. 12 (fig. 2) [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Vredefort Road, Orange River Colony, 22°07'S, 22°07'E, South Africa. Neotype: BMNH 1902.12.11.11. Neotype designated by Reid 1985:113 [ref. 19189]. •Valid as Labeo capensis (Smith 1841) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:307 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:112 [ref. 19189], Skelton 1993:178 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:178 [ref. 27406]). Current status: Valid as Labeo capensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

capensis, Barbus (Cheilobarbus) Smith [A.] 1841:no pagination, Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Olifants River, western coast of South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1845.7.3.99 (dry). The Labeobarbus capensis of authors is Labeobarbus seeberi (Gilchrist & Thompson 1913), see Vreven et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34168] and Skelton et al. 2018:6 [ref. 35835]. •Valid as Barbus capensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:237 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:171 [ref. 24071]). •Valid as Labeobarbus capensis (Smith 1841) -- (Skelton 2001:171 [ref. 27406], Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:852 [ref. 34067], de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343]). •Valid as Pseudobarbus capensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:21 [ref. 34168], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417] as Pseudobarbus). •Valid as Cheilobarbus capensis (Smith 1841) -- (Skelton et al. 2018:17 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Cheilobarbus capensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Olifants River system, South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

capensis, Carassius vulgaris var. Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1864:393 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1864; ref. 3437] South Africa. Syntypes: ZMB 3452 (2). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

capito, Cyprinus Güldenstädt [J. A. von] 1773:519, 520 [Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae v. 17 (for 1772); ref. 18173] Kura River, Transcaucasia. No types known. •Valid as Barbus capito subspecies capito Güldenstädt 1773 -- (Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:165 [ref. 31251]). •Valid as Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Berg 1949:698 [ref. 20661], Coad 1981:9 [ref. 22348], Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:76 [ref. 8508], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:88 [ref. 23589], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:169 [ref. 25489], Gabrielyan 2001:26 [ref. 25867], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:44 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:147 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:49 [ref. 28183], Fricke et al. 2007:42 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:137 [ref. 29996], Turan et al. 2008:41 [ref. 29741], Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912]. Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:874 [ref. 34062], Casel-Lopez et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33943], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:31 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Aral Sea and western and southern Caspian Sea river basins, Eurasia; anadromous and non-anadromous. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

capoeta, Cyprinus Güldenstädt [J. A. von] 1773:508, Pl. 8 [Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae v. 17 (for 1772); ref. 18173] Tiflis, Caspian Sea. No types known. Species name spelling from title, with u's replacing v's, and p. 521. •Valid as Varicorhinus capoeta (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Berg 1949:676 [ref. 20661], Gabrielian 1998:229 [ref. 27566]). •Valid as Capoeta capoeta (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Coad 1981:9 [ref. 22348], Coad 1991:15 [ref. 15702], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:160 [ref. 20764], Coad 1995:14 [ref. 23608], Bănărescu 1999:387 [ref. 24846], Coad & Abdoli 2000:56 [ref. 25296], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Gabrielyan 2001:27 [ref. 25867], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:147 [ref. 27353], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:48 [ref. 28183], Turan et al. 2006:152 [ref. 28700], Fricke et al. 2007:34 [ref. 29533], Özuluğ & Freyhof 2008:293 [ref. 29981], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:165 [ref. 31251], Esmaeili et al. 2010:368 [ref. 33391], Levin et al. 2012:545 [ref. 33912], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:868 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:143 [ref. 35151], Zareian et al. 2016:71 [ref. 34282], Esmaeili et al. 2016:42 [ref. 34283], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2016:169 [ref. 34989], Esmaeili et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35254], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2017:152 [ref. 35425], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2017:153 [ref. 35538], Zareian et al. 2017:22 [ref. 35636], Elp et al. 2018:103 [ref. 35851], Levin et al. 2019:39 [ref. 36600]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta capoeta (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eastern Turkey and southern Caspian Sea watersheds of Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

capoetoides, Varicorhinus Pellegrin [J.] 1938:373 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 63; ref. 17213] Questionably the Chad River basin. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1938-0030. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:47 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Varicorhinus capoetoides Pellegrin 1938 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:337 [ref. 6186], Lévèque et al. 1991:142 [ref. 31367], Getahun et al. 2004:159 [ref. 27830]). •Possibly a synonym of Capoeta trutta (Heckel 1843) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:29 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Uncertain as Capoeta trutta (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Africa? Habitat: freshwater.

capudelphinus, Neolissochilus Arunachalam [M.], Sivakumar [P.] & Murugan [M.] 2017:4, Figs. 3A, 4A [FishTaxa v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 35058] Upstream of the diverted water from Periyar River, 12 km from the town of Cumbum, Tamil Nadu, India, 9°37'59.3''N, 77°11'52.8''E. Holotype: ZSI/SRS F7152. Paratypes: CMA, MSUMNH. •Valid as Neolissochilus capudelphinus Arunachalam, Sivakumar & Murugan 2017 -- (Lalramliana et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 35912], Umamaheswari & Arunachalam 2018:2 [ref. 36417]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus capudelphinus Arunachalam, Sivakumar & Murugan 2017. Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Periyar River basin, Western Ghats, India. Habitat: freshwater.

carassioides, Barbus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1019 [29] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Borneo. Type lost. On page 29 of separate [ref. 2067]. Very brief description but regarded as available; the character "Margine postico serrato" following previous chracters applies only to this species. Kottelat 2013:148 [ref. 32989] declared it a nomen oblitum. •Synonym with question of Puntioplites proctozysron (Bleeker 1864) -- (Kottelat 2013:148 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Puntioplites proctozysron (Bleeker 1864). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

carassioides, Cyprinus Richardson [J.] (ex Gray) 1846:291 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. Neotype: Kiel Univ. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:209, Pl. 14b [ref. 11606]). Kottelat 2001:19 [ref. 25482] serves as first reviser selecting acuminatus over carassioides. He also selected a neotype for both species (Kottelat 2001:19 [ref. 25482]). •Synonym of Carassioides acuminatus (Richardson 1846) -- (Kottelat 2001:19 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2013:84 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Carassioides acuminatus (Richardson 1846). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

carassius, Cyprinus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:321 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European ponds. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:23 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Cyrinus carassus in early literature is misspelling. See Kottelat 2006:27 [ref. 28831] for remarks on systematics. •Valid as Carassius carassius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:821 [ref. 20661], Chen & Huang 1977:431 [ref. 8497], Lelek 1987:168 [ref. 22962], Pequeño 1989:40 [ref. 14125], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:162 [ref. 20764], Coad 1995:15 [ref. 23608], Zhu 1995:99 [ref. 25213], Economidis 1995:208 [ref. 23025], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079], Chereshnev 1996:599 [ref. 24659], Coad 1996:84 [ref. 25304], Kottelat 1997:51 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:736 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:92 [ref. 23589], Kullander et al. 1999:108 [ref. 23689], Fricke 1999:23 [ref. 24101], Fuller et al. 1999:56 [ref. 25838], Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:427 [ref. 25272], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:44 [ref. 26178], Szczerbowski & Szczerbowski in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:43 [ref. 25856], Hanel 2003:53 [ref. 27894], Seegers et al. 2003:33 [ref. 28087], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:60 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:168 [ref. 28369], Hanel & Lusk 2005:260 [ref. 28804], Kottelat 2006:27 [ref. 28831], Ocock et al. 2006:31 [ref. 28933], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:36 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:144 [ref. 29996], Shrestha 2008:56 [ref. 29923], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:165 [ref. 31251], Kalous et al. 2012:11 [ref. 32063], Parin et al. 2014:70 [ref. 33547], Barbieri et al. 2015:49 [ref. 35029], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Zhang et al. 2016:84 [ref. 34477], Romanov et al. 2017:821 [ref. 35687], Fricke et al. 2018:58 [ref. 35805], Rylková et al. 2018:[6] [ref. 35881]). Current status: Valid as Carassius carassius (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Europe, but widely introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

carcharhinoides, Barbus Stiassny [M. L. J.] 1991:3, Figs. 1-3 [American Museum Novitates No. 3015; ref. 19336] Wologizi Mountains, Western Province, northeastern Liberia. Holotype: AMNH 59186. Paratypes: AMNH 59076 (6). •Valid as Enteromius carcharhinoides (Stiassny 1991) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius carcharhinoides (Stiassny 1991). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Liberia. Habitat: freshwater.

cardinalis, Cosmochilus Chu [X.-L.] & Roberts [T. R.] 1985:3, Figs. 2-5 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 44 (no. 1); ref. 5244] Mainstream of Lancang-jiang near Jinghong, southern Yunnan Province, China, 21°50'N, 100°55'E. Holotype: KIZ 735113. Paratypes: CAS 55592 [ex KIZ 735111] (1); KIZ 734079-80 (2), 734082 (1), 735025 (1), 735030 (1), 735075 (1), 735107 (1), 735109-110 (2), 735112 (1), 735160 (1). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:347 [ref. 32939]., •Valid as Cosmochilus cardinalis Chu & Roberts 1985 -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:162 [ref. 13584], Chen et al. 1992:102 [ref. 21068], Zhu 1995:52 [ref. 25213], Yue & Chen 1998:116 [ref. 26415], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:90 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:89 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Cosmochilus cardinalis Chu & Roberts 1985. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

cardozoi, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1912:12, Pl. 20 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 3); ref. 581] Loango at N'Kutu, Luali at Buco Zau, and Lebuzi at Boma Vonde, Congo (±4°57'S, 12°35'E). Syntypes: ANSP 38550-52 (3) Lebuzi R., Boma Vonde; BMNH 1912.4.1.343-348 (6) Lebuzi R., 1912.4.1.349-352 (4) Buco Zau, 1912.4.1.353 (1) N'Kutu; MRAC 1528-29 (2), 1530-32 (3); ZMB 18810 (1) Boma Vonde. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:71 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Barbus cardozoi Boulenger 1912 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:238 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus cardozoi (Boulenger 1912) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:527 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus cardozoi (Boulenger 1912). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Western and central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

carens, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1912:15, Pl. 22 (fig. 2) [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 3); ref. 581] Chiloango at Mayili, Luali at Lundo, Luculla, and Lebuzi at Kuka Muno, Congo. Syntypes: ANSP 38642-53 (12); BMNH 1912.4.1.372-381 (10), 1912.4.1.382-383 (2), 1912.4.1.384-385 (2), 1912.4.1.386-387 (2); FMNH 56148 [CM 4939] (1); MRAC 1545-50 (6), 1551-54 (4), 1555-56 (2), 1557-58 (2), 1559-60 (2), NMW 54016 (17), ZMB 18812 (ca. 20) Lebuzi. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:71 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:15 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Barbus carens Boulenger 1912 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:238 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:481 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius carens (Boulenger 1912) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius carens (Boulenger 1912). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

carinatus, Barbodes (Barbodes) shanensis Wu [H.-W.] & Lin [R.-D.] in Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen & He 1977:240, Fig. 7-3 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 2; ref. 4807] Meng-a, Yunnan Province, China. Syntypes: 00544 (1), 00568 (1) [? = WIH 12209001 (2)]. •Synonym of Barbodes shanensis Hora & Mukerji 1934, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:185 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:55 [ref. 25213], Chen et al. 1999:83 [ref. 23883]). •Valid as Barbodes carinatus Wu & Lin 1977 -- (Shan et al. in Yue 2000:20 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Poropuntius carinatus (Wu & Lin 1977) -- (Kottelat 1998:47 [ref. 23436], Roberts 1998:122 [ref. 23549], Kottelat 2001:69 [ref. 25780], Zhang & Fang 2005:61 [ref. 28089], Kottelat 2013:143 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:43 [ref. 33971], Zhang et al. 2016:94 [ref. 34477] dated 1982). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius carinatus (Wu & Lin 1977). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Mekong basin, Nam Theun and China. Habitat: freshwater.

carletoni, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1924:89, Fig. 7 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 76; ref. 15446] Dehra Doon, India. Holotype: MCZ 4104. Paratypes: MCZ 160836 [ex MCZ 4104] (17). •Synonym of Puntius guganio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:95 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Puntius sophore (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:288 [ref. 20764], Kottelat 2013:149 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Puntius sophore (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

carnaticus, Barbus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:311 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Cavery River, southern India. No types known. Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:150 [ref. 28275] regard Systomus carnaticus and Barbus carnaticus as simultaneous synonyms, and they give preference to B. carnaticus. •Valid as Puntius carnaticus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:262 [ref. 20764], Easa & Shaji 1996:305 [ref. 24977], Manimekalan 1998:435 [ref. 24989], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Kottelat 2001:42 [ref. 25482], Yadav 2003:14 [ref. 27711], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus carnaticus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Knight et al. 2016:325 [ref. 34872]). •Valid as Barbodes carnaticus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:150 [ref. 24759], Menon 1999:68 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam & Johnson 1999:480 [ref. 25440], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359], Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:150 [ref. 28275], Bleher 2018:336 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes carnaticus (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Cauvery River basin, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

carnaticus, Systomus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:315 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Bhowany River, at the foot of the Neilgherries, and Cavery River, southern India. No types known. Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:150 [ref. 28275] regard Systomus carnaticus and Barbus carnaticus as simultaneous synonyms, and they give preference to B. carnaticus. •Synonym of Barbodes carnaticus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:150 [ref. 28275]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes carnaticus (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

carnigliae, Labeo Zolezzi [G.] 1939:170, Fig. 2 [Bollettino di Pesca, Piscicoltura e Idrobiologia v. 15 (no. 2); ref. 17251] Juba River system, Somalia. Holotype (unique): ? Lab. Centrale Idrobiol. Rome. •Valid as Labeo carnigliae Zolezzi 1939 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:308 [ref. 6186]). •Questionably a synonym of Labeo bottegi Vinciguerra 1897 -- (Reid 1985:189 [ref. 19189]). Current status: Uncertain as Labeo bottegi Vinciguerra 1897. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Somalia [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

carottae, Messinobarbus Bianco [P. G.] 1998:129, Fig. 4 [Italian Journal of Zoology v. 65, Suppl.; ref. 23811] Lake Yliki, Greece. Holotype: IZA 981. Paratypes: IZA 982 (4). •Synonym of Luciobarbus graecus (Steindachner 1895) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 1998:138 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus graecus (Steindachner 1895). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Greece. Habitat: freshwater.

carpathicus, Barbus Kotlík [P.], Tsigenopoulos [C. S.], Ráb [P.] & Berrebi [P.] 2002:230, Fig. 3 [Folia Zoologica: international journal of vertebrate zoology. v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 26484] Ublianka River (tributary of Uzh River, Danube River basin), at Ubla, Slovakia (48°53'N, 22°23'E). Holotype: NMW 94604. Paratypes: CMK 17001 (2), MNHN 2001-2674 (2), 2001-2811-2813 (8), NMW 94605-94608 (9). •Valid as Barbus carpathicus Kotlík, Tsigenopoulos, Ráb & Berrebi 2002 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:121 [ref. 29996], Antal et al. 2016:187 [ref. 34094]). Current status: Valid as Barbus carpathicus Kotlík, Tsigenopoulos, Ráb & Berrebi 2002. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eastern Europe. Habitat: freshwater.

carpenteri, Puntius Fowler [H. W.] 1949:235, Figs. 1-4 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 101; ref. 1461] Kafue River, near Malabuka, Rhodesia [Zambia]. Holotype: ANSP 71851. Paratypes: ANSP 71852-61 (11). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:71 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Barbus multilineatus Worthington 1933 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:270 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius multilineatus (Worthington 1933) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius multilineatus (Worthington 1933). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

carpio, Barbus Pfeffer [G. J.] 1896:57 [Die Thierwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete v. 3; ref. 14617] Tararo, Lake Albert [Lake Albert Nyanza]. Lectotype: ZMH H471 [ex 10297]. Paralectotypes: ZMB 14491 (3). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:402 [ref. 21161]. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:157 [ref. 19181]. •Synonym of Barbus neumayeri Fischer 1884 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:273 [ref. 6186], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

carpio, Cyprinus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:320 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Europe. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.139 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:212 [ref. 13434]. •Valid as Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 [sometimes as a subspecies in early literature] -- (Berg 1949:831 [ref. 20661], Okada 1961:521 [ref. 6363], Chen & Huang 1977:411 [ref. 8497], Mai 1978:31 [ref. 13511], Lee et al. 1980:152 [ref. 22416], Coad 1981:10 [ref. 22348], Villa 1982:110 [ref. 36708], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:95 [ref. 9277], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:161 [ref. 25473], Sawada in Masuda et al. 1984:58 [ref. 6441], Wang 1984:14 [ref. 22951], Kuang in Kuang et al. 1986:139 [ref. 26639], Lelek 1987:132 [ref. 22962], Robison & Buchanan 1988:176 [ref. 23393], Paxton et al. 1989:216 [ref. 12442], Smith 1986:121 [ref. 22186], Pequeño 1989:40 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:81 [ref. 24556], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:334 [ref. 25598], McAllister 1990:59 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:79 [ref. 24089], Allen & Coates 1990:56 [ref. 25561], Page & Burr 1991:64 [ref. 18983], Pethiyagoda 1991:63 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:184 [ref. 20764], Coad 1991:17 [ref. 15702], Liu in Pan et al. 1991:225 [ref. 23876], Wu & Wu 1992:516 [ref. 21205], Allen et al. 1992:298 [ref. 21400], Boschung 1992:48 [ref. 23239], Etnier & Starnes 1993:161 [ref. 22809], Skelton 1993:188 [ref. 24071], Kottelat et al. 1993:35 [ref. 23448], La Rivers 1994:449 [ref. 23389], Ding 1994:414 [ref. 21531], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:272 [ref. 21581], Warren et al. 1994:132 [ref. 25557], Baxter & Stone 1995:66 [ref. 23374], Stauffer et al. 1995:75 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:59 [ref. 23394], Zhu 1995:98 [ref. 25213], Sato 1995:48 [ref. 25531], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079], Brumley in McDowall 1996:101 [ref. 22909], Rainboth 1996:82 [ref. 22772], Gómez & Chebez 1996:57 [ref. 23791], Haro et al. 1996:6 [ref. 25004], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1996:84 [ref. 25304], Sigler & Sigler 1996:70 [ref. 25943], Mettee et al. 1996:179 [ref. 25836], Cheng & Zhou 1997:184 [ref. 26385], Kottelat 1997:56 [ref. 22952], Murdy et al. 1997:84 [ref. 23144], Kim 1997:156 [ref. 24032], Kim 1997:508 [ref. 24032], Vu & Nguyen 1997:26 [ref. 26438], Takahashi et al. 1997:42 [ref. 24971], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:737 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:92 [ref. 23589], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Sato et al. 1998:30 [ref. 24972], Manimekalan 1998:434 [ref. 24989], Scott & Crossman 1998:407 [ref. 24570], Briolay et al. 1998:101 [ref. 25586], Sverlij et al. 1998:42 [ref. 27632], Kullander et al. 1999:107 [ref. 23689], Fricke 1999:84 [ref. 24106], Mizuno et al. 1999:5 [ref. 25311], Fuller et al. 1999:67 [ref. 25838], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366], Coad & Abdoli 2000:56 [ref. 25296], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:72 [ref. 25191], Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:410 [ref. 25272], Lyons et al. 2000:47 [ref. 26594], Nakabo 2000:253 [ref. 25086], Rafique 2000:324 [ref. 25220], Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:172 [ref. 25489], Matsuura et al. 2000:78 [ref. 26000], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:44 [ref. 26178], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25780], Pietsch et al. 2001:139 [ref. 25688], Sakai et al. 2001:87 [ref. 25693], Tang et al. 2001:13 [ref. 25373], Wang et al. 2001:163 [ref. 26566], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:194 [ref. 26728], Kim & Park 2002:52 [ref. 25913], Allen et al. 2002:361 [ref. 25930], Ross et al. 2001:152 [ref. 25978], Youn 2002:157, 501 [ref. 26218], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:125 [ref. 27816], Bailey et al. 2004:76 [ref. 27882], Nelson et al. 2004:69 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:100 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:176 [ref. 27995], Hanel & Lusk 2005:268 [ref. 28804], Hammer et al. 2012:66 [ref. 32389]). •Valid as Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758, sometimes as subspecies carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Zheng et al. 1989:231 [ref. 21202], Barus et al. in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:115 [ref. 25856], Gabrielyan 2001:27 [ref. 25867], Skelton 2001:188 [ref. 27406], Nakabo 2002:253 [ref. 26001], Moyle 2002:172 [ref. 26449], López et al. 2002:63 [ref. 26808], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:12 [ref. 27265], López et al. 2003:9 [ref. 27366], Jang et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27681], Yadav 2003:9 [ref. 27711], Hanel 2003:53 [ref. 27894], Seegers et al. 2003:34 [ref. 28087], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:196 [ref. 28107], Hammer & Walker 2004:91 [ref. 28129], Menni 2004:71 [ref. 28131], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:61 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:168 [ref. 28369], Mundy 2005:151 [ref. 28379], Scharpf 2005:15 [ref. 28940], Kottelat 2006:30 [ref. 28831], Allen et al. 2006:346 [ref. 29004], Fricke et al. 2007:39 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:147 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:72 [ref. 31199], Shrestha 2008:63 [ref. 29923], Allen et al. 2008:195 [ref. 30265], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:165 [ref. 31251], Fricke et al. 2009:23 [ref. 30213], Minckley & Marsh 2009:179 [ref. 31114], Coad 2010:175 [ref. 36620], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391], Matsunuma et al. 2010:82 [ref. 31558], Page & Burr 2011:154 [ref. 31215], Fricke et al. 2011:355 [ref. 31242], Marshall 2011:119 [ref. 31755], Page et al. 2013:70 [ref. 32708], Gurung et al. 2013:4882 [ref. 32969], Kottelat 2013:94 [ref. 32989], Angulo et al. 2013:991 [ref. 33194], Barriga S. 2014:104 [ref. 35745], Esmaeili et al. 2015:120 [ref. 35030], Litz & Koerber 2014:6 [ref. 33622], Parin et al. 2014:74 [ref. 33547], Sarmiento et al. 2014:187 [ref. 35004], Barbieri et al. 2015:51 [ref. 35029], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:70 [ref. 34894], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:870 [ref. 34062], McDowall & Stewart 2015:314 [ref. 34241], Mirande & Koerber 2015:10 [ref. 35117], Pietsch & Orr 2015:19 [ref. 34694], Bertaco et al. 2016:435 [ref. 34561], Koeda et al. 2016:10 [ref. 35333], Miesen et al. 2016:82 [ref. 34492], Nión et al. 2016:26 [ref. 35565], Petry et al. 2016:300 [ref. 34966], Esmaeili et al. 2017:46 [ref. 35254], Labatos 2017:3 [ref. 36239], Romanov et al. 2017:821 [ref. 35687], Esmaeili et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36089], Fricke et al. 2018:59 [ref. 35805], Kuiter 2018:99 [ref. 36369], Robins et al. 2018:85 [ref. 35886], Ng et al. 2019:523 [ref. 36606], Özuluğ & Saç 2019:26 [ref. 36599]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Western Europe [native to Black Sea basin, possibly also Caspian and Aral seas basins], widely introduced worldwide, also many multicolor varieties. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

caspicus, Cyprinus Lepechin [I. I.] 1771:321 [Travel journals about various provinces of the Russian State in 1768 and 1769.; ref. 17502] Still researching, not in vol. 1 of above reference (Russian Edition). Perhaps a misspelling. Cyprinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

caspicus, Cyprinus carpio var. Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:17 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Mouths of rivers Volga and Tanais [Don], Russia and Ukraine. No types known. •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:56 [ref. 22952], Barus et al. in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:85 [ref. 25856] as caspius, Kottelat 2013:94 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

caspius, Barbus brachycephalus Berg [L. S.] 1914:612, Fig. 119 [ ref. 274] Caspian Sea basin. Syntypes: ZIN 2982 (8), 3895 (10), 9108 (1, misidentified), 9109 (2), 9117-18 (11, 1), 9124 (8), 10619 (apparently lost). Original not seen. See Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:114 [ref. 27353] for information on types. •Synonym of Barbus brachycephalus Kessler 1872, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1949:706 [ref. 20661], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:88 [ref. 23589], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:113 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus brachycephalus (Kessler 1872), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:49 [ref. 28183], Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391]). •Valid as Luciobarbus caspius (Berg 1914) -- (Fricke et al. 2007:42 [ref. 29533], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:875 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:31 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus caspius (Berg 1914). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southern and western Caspian Sea basin, Eurasia. Habitat: freshwater.

castrasibutum, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1936:280, Fig. 27 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 88; ref. 1424] Fort Sibut, Central African Republic [Ubangi-Shari]. Holotype: ANSP 65755. Paratypes: ANSP 65756-58 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:71 [ref. 13621]. Original as castra-sibutum. •Valid as Barbus castrasibutum Fowler 1936 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:238 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius castrasibutum (Fowler 1936) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[4] [ref. 34099], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius castrasibutum (Fowler 1936). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

casuatus, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1839:220 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Not available, name only. Cyprinidae.

cataractae, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:280, Fig. 40 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Cascade River, Murcielagos Bay, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 93137. Paratypes: USNM 93415 (26). •Valid as Barbodes cataractae (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 2013:78 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes cataractae (Fowler 1934). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

catenarius, Barbus Poll [M.] & Lambert [J. G.] 1959:108, Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 60 (nos 1-2); ref. 12015] Mindouli, Niari-Kouilou basin, Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 125187. Paratypes: MRAC 125188-206 (19), 25207-209 (3). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:26 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus catenarius Poll & Lambert 1959 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:238 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:499 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius catenarius (Poll & Lambert 1959) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius catenarius (Poll & Lambert 1959). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

catla, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:287, 387, Pl. 13 (fig. 81) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Rivers and tanks of Bengal. No types known. •Valid as Catla catla (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:35 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:138 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:163 [ref. 20764], Pethiyagoda 1991:58 [ref. 20075], Indra 1991:236 [ref. 24005], Sen 1995:501 [ref. 23778], Coad 1996:84 [ref. 25304], Banik & Choudhury 1996:579 [ref. 24736], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:150 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:168 [ref. 24760], Rema Devi et al. 1999:155 [ref. 24758], Menon 1999:119 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Bănărescu in Bănărescue & Paepke 2002:183 [ref. 25856], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359], Yadav 2003:9 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:157 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:57 [ref. 29923], Gurung et al. 2013:4882 [ref. 32969]). •Valid as Gibelion catla (Hamilton 1822) -- (Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2003:6 [ref. 27265], Kottelat 2013:107 [ref. 32989], Suresh et al. 2018:94 [ref. 36495], Bleher 2018:538 [ref. 36647]). •Valid as Labeo catla (Hamilton 1822) -- (Yang et al. 2012:369 [ref. 33458]). Current status: Valid as Labeo catla (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Nepal, Bhutan, India, Bangladesh and Pakistan, introduced elsewere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

caucasicus, Barbus Kessler [K. F.] 1877:102 [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Kura-Araks River system, Azerbaijan. Syntypes: (30) ZIN 2929 (6, lost), 2930 (12). Non-types: ZIN 2913 (3). •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843, subspecies cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Berg 1949:693 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:251 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Khaefi et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35344]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

caudatus, Gonorhynchus McClelland [J.] 1839:375 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Mishmee mountains, India. No types known. •Synonym of Garra nasuta (McClelland 1838) -- (Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Garra nasuta (McClelland 1838). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

caudiguttatus, Crossocheilus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:137, Fig. 103 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Chieng Mai [Chiengmai], Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 58452 [not 58442]. Paratypes: ANSP 59089-91 [not 59589-91] (3). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:4 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:72 [ref. 13621]. Possibly a subjective synonym of caudimaculatus, given precedence to caudimaculatus by Roberts1997:186. •Valid as Crossocheilus caudiguttatus Fowler 1934 -- (Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832]). •Synonym of Cirrhinus caudimaculatus (Fowler 1934) -- (Roberts 1997:185 [ref. 23550]). •Synonym of Gymnostomus caudimaculatus (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 2013:108 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Henicorhynchus caudiguttatus (Fowler 1934) -- (Rainboth et al. 2012:65 [ref. 33703]). Current status: Valid as Henicorhynchus caudiguttatus (Fowler 1934). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

caudimacula, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:107 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Golungo Alto, Angola. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.7.13.51 (?18), MSNG 9025 (1), USNM 86628 (1), ZMB 6258 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:185 [ref. 10343]. •Synonym of Barbus kessleri (Steindachner 1866) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:258 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius kessleri (Steindachner 1866) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius kessleri (Steindachner 1866). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

caudimaculatus, Tylognathus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:133, Figs. 89-90 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Chieng Mai [Chiengmai], Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 58332. Paratypes: ANSP 58333 (1), 58334 (1, c&s); USNM 108517 [ex ANSP 58335] (1). Additional material (32). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:14 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:72 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Henicorhynchus caudimaculatus (Fowler 1934) -- (Rainboth 1996:111 [ref. 22772], Rainboth et al. 2012:65 [ref. 33703]). •Valid as Cirrhinus caudimaculatus (Fowler 1934) -- (Roberts 1997:185 [ref. 23550]). •Valid as Gymnostomus caudimaculatus (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 2013:108 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Henicorhynchus caudimaculatus (Fowler 1934). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

caudimarginatus, Barbus Blyth [E.] 1860:157 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Tenasserim provinces, Myanmar. No types known. •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822), subspecies orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:282 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:69 [ref. 24904] but as genus Barbodes). •Synonym of Systomus orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Rainboth 1996:104 [ref. 22772]). •Synonym of Systomus rubripinnis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus rubripinnis (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

caudofasciatus, Discognathus Pellegrin [J.] & Chevey [P.] 1936:223, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 61; ref. 13735] Noire [Song Da] River at Lai Chau, Black River, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1935-0327. •Valid as Garra caudofasciata (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Mai 1978:58 [ref. 13511], Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780], Zhou et al. 2005:448 [ref. 28432], Li et al. 2008:62 [ref. 29588]). •In Garra -- (Lothongkham et al. 2014:543 [ref. 33283] without mentioning). •Valid as Placocheilus caudofasciatus (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Wu et al. 1977:382 [ref. 4807], Cui & Li 1984:111 [ref. 8236], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:278 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:71 [ref. 25213], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:266 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2001:24 [ref. 25482], Zheng et al. 2002:210 [ref. 27464], Zhang & Zhou 2012:24 [ref. 32322], Kottelat 2013:142 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:113 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Placocheilus caudofasciatus (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

caudomaculata, Hemigrammocapoeta Battalgil [F.] 1942:296, Fig. 7 [Revue de la Faculté des Sciences de l'Université d'Instanbul, Série B: Sciences Naturelles v. 7 (no. 4); ref. 13190] Amik Lake, Antakya, southern Turkey. •Valid as Crossocheilus caudomaculatus (Battalgil 1942) -- (Fricke et al. 2007:38 [ref. 29533], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151]). •Synonym of Hemigrammocapoeta culiciphaga Pellegrin 1927 -- (Küçük et al. 2015:362 [ref. 34064] as caudamaculatus). •Synonym of Garra culiciphaga (Pellegrin 1927) based on placement of culiciphaga, Çiçek et al. 2016:117 [ref. 35152]. •Valid as Garra caudomaculata (Battalgil 1942) -- (Hamidan et al. 2014:234 [ref. 33626], Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805], Yoğurtçuoğlu et al. 2018:287 [ref. 36205]). Current status: Synonym of Garra culiciphaga (Pellegrin 1927). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

caudosignatus, Barbus Poll [M.] 1967:171, Fig. 75 [Publicações Culturais, Companhia de Diamantes de Angola (DIAMANG), Lisboa No. 75; ref. 3528] Alto Cuílo, pool along bank of Cuílo River, Angola. Holotype: MD 5343. Paratypes: MD 5343 (15). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:26 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus caudosignatus Poll 1967 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:238 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius caudosignatus (Poll 1967) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius caudosignatus (Poll 1967). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

caudovittatus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:32, Pl. 9 (fig. 2) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 2 (fasc. 2); ref. 562] Ubangi River at Banzyville, Democratic Republic of Congo, about 4°18'N, 21°11'E. Syntypes: BMNH 1901.12.26.26 (1), MRAC 1168 (1). •Valid as Barbus caudovittatus Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:238 [ref. 6186] wrongly with a holotype, De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:22 [ref. 17656], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Labeobarbus caudovittatus (Boulenger 1902) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:525 [ref. 30024], Kullander & Roberts 2012:360, 368 [ref. 31751], Banyankimbona et al. 2012:276 [ref. 34113], Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus caudovittatus (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

cauveriensis, Barbus Hora [S. L.] 1937:20, Fig. 7 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 39 (pt 1); ref. 15279] Cauvery River, Coorg State, southern India. Holotype: ZSI F12179/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:104 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:353 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Puntius dorsalis (Jerdon 1849) -- (Menon 1999:92 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Puntius cauveriensis (Hora 1937) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:263 [ref. 20764], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661] as caveriensis, Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:209 [ref. 29986], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:73 [ref. 32071]). Current status: Valid as Puntius cauveriensis (Hora 1937). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

centrala, Garra Nguyen [V. H.], Vu [T. H. N.] & Nguyen [T. D. P.] 2015:899, Fig. 3 [Journal of Science and Development (Tap chí Khoa hoc và Phát trien) v. 13 (no. 6); ref. 36430] Dakrong River, Dakrong district, Quang Tri province, Vietnam. Holotype: RIAH QT.11.05.001. Paratypes: RIAH. •Valid as Garra centrala Nguyen, Vu & Nguyen 2015. Current status: Valid as Garra centrala Nguyen, Vu & Nguyen 2015. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Rivers of the Quang Tri and Thua Thien, Hue province, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

centralus, Cyprinus Nguyen [H. D.] & Mai [D. Y.] 1994:20 [English p. 28], Fig. 1 [Tap Chí Sinh Hoc (Journal of Biology) v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 22650] Thua Thian Hue Province, Hong River, Vietnam. Holotype: Tong-Hop Univ. Zool. Coll., Ha-Noi. Paratypes: C 001-003 (3). •Synonym of Cyprinus melanes (Mai 1978) -- (Kottelat 2013:95 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus melanes (Mai 1978). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

cephalus, Labeo Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:347, Pl. 487 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] River between Rangoon and Pégu, Myanmar. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3385 (2, poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:21 [ref. 19574]. •Questionably a synonym of Labeo dero (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:204 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Bangana dero (Hamilton 1822). •Doubtfully a senior synonym of Bangala devdevi (Hora 1936) -- (Kottelat 2013:75 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2017:494 [ref. 35262]) Current status: Uncertain as Bangana devdevi (Hora 1936). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

cercops, Barbus Whitehead [P. J. P.] 1960:109, Fig. 2 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 62 (nos 1-2); ref. 11961] Luambwa, Nzoia River, Nyanza Province, Kenya. Holotype: BMNH 1960.6.7.37. Paratypes: BMNH 1960.6.7.38-50 (13). •Valid as Barbus cercops Whitehead 1960 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:239 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:147 [ref. 20130], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus' cf. cercops, Seegers et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius cercops (Whitehead 1960) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius cercops (Whitehead 1960). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

cernuus, Barbus Barnard [K. H.] 1938:88 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 15990] Olifants River, Clanwilliam, Cape Province, South Africa. Syntypes: SAM 18759 [now at AMG] (268), 18765 [now at AMG] (64), 19019 [now at AMG] (240). •Synonym of Barbus anoplus Weber 1897 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:226 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius anoplus (Weber 1897) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius anoplus (Weber 1897). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

ceylonensis, Garra (Garra) Bleeker [P.] 1863:239 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 15; ref. 17011] Sri Lanka. Syntypes: (3). Also appeared in Bleeker 1864:8, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [ref. 13925]. •Valid as Garra ceylonensis Bleeker 1863 -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:74 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:421 [ref. 20764], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:222 [ref. 31583], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484], Bleher 2018:476 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Garra ceylonensis Bleeker 1863. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Sri Lanka and Periyar River, Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

chabanaudi, Barbus Lohberger [K.] 1929:157 [1] [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 66 (no. 16); ref. 15908] Thian-Schan [Tien-Shan], exact locality not known. Syntypes: (15). On p. 1 of separate. Cyprinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

chagunio, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:295, 387 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Yamuna River, and northern rivers of Behar and Bengal. No types known. •Valid as Catla chagunio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:35 [ref. 15970]). •Valid as Chagunius chagunio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:108 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:167 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:502 [ref. 23778], Joshi 1998:127 [ref. 24985], Menon 1999:73 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Ataur Rahman 2003:125 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:58 [ref. 29923], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872], Gurung et al. 2013:4882 [ref. 32969], Bleher 2018:372 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Chagunius chagunio (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Asia: Nepal, Bhutan, India, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

chakpiensis, Garra Nebeshwar [K.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2015:306, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 25 (no. 4) (for Mar. 2015); ref. 33758] Chindwin River basin, Chakpi River at Tankpol. Manipur, India. Holotype: MUMF 4308. Paratypes: MUMF. •Valid as Garra chakpiensis Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015 -- (Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:374 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749], Moyon & Arunkumar 2018:113 [ref. 36388]). Current status: Valid as Garra chakpiensis Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

chalakkudiensis, Puntius Menon [A. G. K.], Rema Devi [K.] & Thobias [M. P.] 1999:61, Fig. 1 [Records of the Zoological Survey of India v. 97 (no. 4); ref. 24757] Chalakkudi River, Western Ghats, Trichur, Kerala, India. Holotype: SRS/ZSI F.3749. Paratypes: SRS/ZSI F.3750 (1). •Valid as Puntius chalakkudiensis Menon, Rema Devi & Thobias 1999 -- (Menon 1999:88 [ref. 24904] as chalakudiensis, Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:73 [ref. 32071]). •Valid as Sahyadria chalakkudiensis (Menon, Rema Devi & Thobias 1999) -- (Raghavan, Philip, Ali & Dahanukar 2013:4933 [ref. 32992], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:766 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Sahyadria chalakkudiensis (Menon, Rema Devi & Thobias 1999). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Western Ghats, India. Habitat: freshwater.

chaldanica, Barbus cyri var. Kamensky [S. N.] 1899:62 [German p. 141] [Die Cypriniden der Kaukasusländer und ihrer angrenzenden Meere; ref. 14707] Andzhikent-tchay near Khaldan, Chaldyr Lake. Holotype (unique): not found at ZIN. Species name correct as chaldanicus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:251 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Khaefi et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35344]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chalybatus, Cyprinus Pallas [P. S.] 1814:292 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Southern Caspian Sea. No types known. Misspelled chalybeatus by Seeley 1886:124 [ref. 30373] in genus Barbus. •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Berg 1949:698 [ref. 20661], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:147 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) based on placement of capito. Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chalybeata, Rohita Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:271 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Rangoon, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3867. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:16 [ref. 19574]. •Mention under Labeo dero (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:204 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Labeo curchias (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:133 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:115 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Labeo curchius (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

chalybeus, Cyprinus Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Hablizl) 1792:24 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Enzelli (Enzeli, Bandar-e-Anzali), estuary of Enzeli River, Caspian Sea watershed in northern Iran. No types known. Unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Cyprinus bulatmai Hablizl 1783. •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1772). •Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) based on placement of capito. Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

chantrei, Labeobarbus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1882:165 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 6; ref. 14297] Antioche [Antakya] [= Amik Gölü], Lake [36°12'14"N, 36°09'26"E],Turkey. Lectotype: MNHN A-3866. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-3937 to A-3940 (1, 2, 3, 1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:49 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Krupp 1985:19 [ref. 11626] and again later (same specimen) by Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:92 [ref. 26519]. •Valid as Barbus chantrei (Sauvage 1882) -- (Krupp 1985:17 [ref. 11626], Coad 1991:23 [ref. 15702]). •Valid as Carasobarbus chantrei (Sauvage 1882) -- (Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:92 [ref. 26519], Fricke et al. 2007:36 [ref. 29533], Borkenhagen et al. 2011:328 [ref. 31372], Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:17 [ref. 32915], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Mohamed et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35027], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158]). Current status: Valid as Carasobarbus chantrei (Sauvage 1882). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Turkey and Syria. Habitat: freshwater.

chapini, Varicorhinus Nichols [J. T.] & La Monte [F. R.] 1950:175 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 63; ref. 12906] Albertville [Kalemie], Democratic Republic of Congo, Lake Tanganyika. Holotype (unique): AMNH 18785. •Synonym of Barbus tropidolepis Boulenger 1900 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:294 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius tropidolepis (Boulenger 1900) based on placement of tropidolepis. •Synonym of Labeobarbus tropidolepis (Boulenger 1900) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:70 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus tropidolepis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

charax, Cyprinus Lesniewski [P. E.] 1837:53 [Rybactwo krajowe czyli historyja naturalna ryb krajowych. I.; ref. 22005] Poland. No types known. •Synonym of Carassius carassius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:51 [ref. 22952], Szczerbowski & Szczerbowski in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:43 [ref. 25856]). Current status: Synonym of Carassius carassius (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chariensis, Labeo Pellegrin [J.] 1904:311 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 10 (no. 6); ref. 15195] Fort Archambault [Sarh], Chari River, Chad. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1904-0092. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:19 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Labeo lukulae Boulenger 1902 -- (Reid 1985:260 [ref. 19189], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Labeo parvus Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:317 [ref. 6186], Lévêque et al. 1989:117 [ref. 26480], Paugy & Bénech 1989:301 [ref. 26478], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:297 [ref. 21589]). •Mention -- (Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477]). •Valid as Labeo chariensis Pellegrin 1904 -- (Tshibwabwa 1997:392 [ref. 24617], Tshibwabwa et al. 2006:33 [ref. 28698], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeo chariensis Pellegrin 1904. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

chaudhryi, Cirrhina Srivastava [G. J.] 1968:30, Fig. 17 [Fishes of eastern Uttar Pradesh; ref. 7922] Ponds near Naua Dumari, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India. Holotype: ZSI F4205/2. Paratypes: ZSI F4206/2 (1). Original genus should have been Cirrhinus. •Synonym of Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:172 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:123 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Cirrhinus cirrhosus (Bloch 1795) -- (Roberts 1997:177 [ref. 23550], Kottelat 2013:88 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cirrhinus cirrhosus (Bloch 1795). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chaudhurii, Garra Hora [S. L.] 1921:671, Pl. 25 (fig. 3) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 22 (pt 5, no. 29); ref. 15314] Darjiling [Darjeeling] District, Himalayas, West Bengal, India. Holotype: ZSI F8146/1. Paratypes: ZSI F8147/1 (1), F8148/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:109 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:357 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Garra annandalei Hora 1921 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:420 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:143 [ref. 24904]). •Questionably valid as Garra chaudhurii Hora 1921 -- (Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2359 [ref. 31816]). •Valid as Garra chaudhurii Hora 1921 -- (Ataur Rahman 2003:161 [ref. 31338], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:375 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Moyon & Arunkumar 2018:113 [ref. 36388]). Current status: Valid as Garra chaudhurii Hora 1921. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Tista River basin, India. Habitat: freshwater.

chebera, Garra Habteselassie [R.], Mikschi [E.], Ahnelt [H.] & Waidbacher [H.] 2010:46, Figs. 2-3 [Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien B v. 111; ref. 30774] Dildil stream, tributary of Lake Womba, in Chebera-Churchura National Park, some 12 kilometers southeast of Genji village, 7°03'N, 36°48'E, Ethiopia. Holotype: NMW 95229. Paratypes: NMW 95230 (16), 95231 (2 c&s). •Valid as Garra chebera Habteselassie, Mikschi, Ahnelt & Waidbacher 2010. Current status: Valid as Garra chebera Habteselassie, Mikschi, Ahnelt & Waidbacher 2010. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Dildil Stream, tributary to Lake Womba, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

chebisiensis, Scaphiodon Keyserling [E. Von] 1861:5 [8], Pl. 2 [Zeitschrift für die Gesammten Naturwissenschaften v. 17 (no. 1); ref. 2601] No types saved. On p. 8 of separate. •Synonym of Capoeta damascina (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Coad 1991:15 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:14 [ref. 23608], Esmaeili et al. 2010:368 [ref. 33391]). •Synonym of Capoeta saadii (Heckel 1847) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:868 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2015:120 [ref. 35030], Esmaeili et al. 2017:40 [ref. 35254], Zareian & Esmaeili 2017:253 [ref. 36090]). Current status: Synonym of Capoeta saadii (Heckel 1847). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chelifensis, Luciobarbus Brahimi [A.], Freyhof [J.], Henrard [A.] & Libois [R.] 2017:37, Figs. 3-5 [Zootaxa 4277 (no. 1); ref. 35360] Oued Sly west of Ouled Ben Abdelkader village, Chelif province, Algeria, 36.026609°N, 1.266014°E. Holotype: RMCA 2016-024-P-0010 [=MRAC]. Paratypes: MRAC. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Luciobarbus chelifensis Brahimi, Freyhof, Henrard & Libois 2017 -- (Brahimi et al. 2018:557 [ref. 35974]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus chelifensis Brahimi, Freyhof, Henrard & Libois 2017. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Chelif River drainage, northwestern Algeria. Habitat: freshwater.

chelynoides, Barbus McClelland [J.] 1839:271, 340, Pl. 57 (no. 5) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Mountain stream at Simla, India. Syntypes: SMF 942 (2). •Valid as Puntius chilinoides [sic] (McClelland 1839) -- (Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662]). •Valid as Tor chelynoides (McClelland 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:302 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:518 [ref. 23778], Kullander et al. 1999:152 [ref. 23689], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus Bleeker 1860 -- (see Rainboth 1989:24 [ref. 13537], Menon & Rema Devi 1995:390 [ref. 22480], Arunachalam et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32222], Yang et al. 2012:26 [ref. 32362]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus Bleeker 1860 -- (see Rainboth 1989:24 [ref. 13537], Menon & Rema Devi 1995:390 [ref. 22480], Arunachalam et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32222], Yang et al. 2012:26 [ref. 32362]). •Valid as Naziritor chelynoides (McClelland 1839) -- (Mirza & Javed 1992:99 [ref. 23458], Menon 1999:55 [ref. 24904] as cheilynoides, Shrestha 2008:82 [ref. 29923], Khare et al. 2014:[3] [ref. 33361], Bleher 2018:606 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Naziritor chelynoides (McClelland 1839). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Himalya Foothills, Nepal, India and Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

chengi, Chuanchia Fang [P.-W.] 1936:454, Figs. 12-13 [Sinensia v. 7 (no. 4); ref. 13120] Sung-pan, Szechuan, China. Holotype (unique): ?NRIBAS. •Synonym of Schizopygopsis malacanthus Herzenstein 1891, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Tsao 1964:189 [ref. 13501], Ye & Fu in Ding 1994:401 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:94 [ref. 25213], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:240 [ref. 23556], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:375 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:120 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Schizopygopsis chengi (Fang 1936) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:474 [ref. 21205], Tang et al. 2019:10 [ref. 36511]). Current status: Valid as Schizopygopsis chengi (Fang 1936). Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Distribution: Sung-pan, Szechuan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

chengi, Gymnocypris Tchang [T.-L.] & Tchang [I.-L.] 1963:291, Figs. 1-2 [Acta Zoologica Sinica v. 15 (no. 2); ref. 23995] Makouhe River, Qinghai, China. Holotype: ASIZB [now NZMC] 45568. Paratypes: ASIZB [now NZMC] 45567 (1). Type catalog: Zhang 1996:500 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:24 [ref. 33808]. •Synonym of Gymnocypris przewalskii (Kessler 1876) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:441 [ref. 21205], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:363 [ref. 25272], Ye et al. 2015:24 [ref. 33808] with second author as Zhang, Zhang et al. 2016:117 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Schizopygopsis przewalskii Kessler 1876. Current status: Synonym of Schizopygopsis przewalskii Kessler 1876. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chevanella, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:358 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] China. No types known. Based on a painting, see Roberts 1997:192 [ref. 23550]. Roberts gave precedence to L. molitorella, •Synonym of Cirrhinus molitorella (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Roberts 1997:192 [ref. 23550], Kottelat 2013:88 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cirrhinus molitorella (Valenciennes 1844). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

cheveyi, Labeo Fowler [H. W.] 1937:205, Figs. 173-174 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Me Poon [Maepoon] River, Chiengmai, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68184. Paratypes: ANSP 68185-89 (5). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:7 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:72 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Labeo erythropterus Valenciennes 1842 -- (Rainboth 1996:112 [ref. 22772]). •Synonym of Labeo pierrei (Sauvage 1880) -- (Kottelat 2001:58 [ref. 25780]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo pierrei (Sauvage 1880). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

cheveyi, Lobocheilus Smith [H. M.] 1945:245, Fig. 45 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Mae Nam Mao, a tributary of the Mae Nam Fang (Mekong River basin), northern Thailand. Holotype (unique): USNM 107947. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:8 [ref. 25088], Vilasri et al. 2018:50 [ref. 36451]. Genus should have been Lobocheilos. •Synonym of Lobocheilos delacouri (Pellegrin & Fang 1940) -- (Rainboth 1996:113 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:7 [ref. 22832]). •Synonym of Lobocheilos rhabdoura (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 2001:59 [ref. 25780] with question, Kottelat 2013:121 [ref. 32989] with question, Ciccotto & Page 2016:882 [ref. 34946], Vilasri et al. 2018:50 [ref. 36451]). Current status: Synonym of Lobocheilos rhabdoura (Fowler 1934). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

chiarinii, Discognathus Vinciguerra [D.] 1883:696 [8], Figured [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova v. 18; ref. 17887] Lake Arsadé, Adda, Ethiopia. Lectotype: MSNG 8974A. Paralectotypes: (many) BMNH 1903.8.10.14-16 (3); MSNG 8974B (1, now many); NMW 53235 (1). On p. 8 of separate. •Synonym of Garra dembeensis (Rüppell 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:302 [ref. 6186], Stiassny & Getahun 2007:54 [ref. 29119] dated 1836). Current status: Synonym of Garra dembeensis (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

chicapaensis, Barbus Poll [M.] 1967:173, Fig. 76 [Publicações Culturais, Companhia de Diamantes de Angola (DIAMANG), Lisboa No. 75; ref. 3528] Alto Chicapa, marsh along River Coca, tributary of River Cutele, Angola, 10°56'S, 19°05'E. Holotype: MD 5433. Paratypes: MD 5433 (orig. 16), MRAC 160981-89 [ex MD] (10), 160990 [ex MD] (1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:26 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus chicapaensis Poll 1967 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:239 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius chicapaensis (Poll 1967) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius chicapaensis (Poll 1967). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

chielynoides, Barbus McClelland [J.] 1838:945, Pl. 56 (fig. 2) [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 7 (for Nov. 1838); ref. 2924] Mountain stream at Simla, India. No types known. See also McClelland 1839:340, Pl. 57 (fig. 5) [ref. 2923] (spelled cheilynoides). Current status: Uncertain as Naziritor chelynoides (McClelland 1839). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chilia, Cyprinus carpio Wu [H.-W.], Yang [G.-R.], Yue [P.-Q.] & Huang [H.-J.] in Wu et al. 1963:43 [The economic fauna of China; ref. 12576] Qilu Lake, China. Original not seen. •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Chen & Huang 1977:416 [ref. 8497], Zhou in Chu & Chen 1989:338 [ref. 13584], Zheng et al. 1989:233 [ref. 21202], Yang 1991:198 [ref. 13585], Yang & Chen 1995:97 [ref. 23555], Zhu 1995:98 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:251 [ref. 23556]). •Valid as Cyprinus chilia Wu, Yang, Yue & Huang 1963 -- (Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:413 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:95 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:84 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinus chilia Wu, Yang, Yue & Huang 1963. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chilianensis, Gymnocypris Li [S.-C.] & Chang [S.-Y.] 1974:414 (English p. 418), Fig. 1 [Acta Zoologica Sinica v. 20 (no. 4); ref. 7515] Shula-gol River, Shuang-Ta-Bu, Ansi-Hsien, northern Kansu Province, China. Holotype: ASIZB [now NZMC] 62749 [ex G65-47]. Paratypes: ASIZB [now NZMC] Many. Type catalog: Zhang 1996:499 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:25 [ref. 33808]. •Valid as Gymnocypris chilianensis Li & Chang 1974 -- (Wu & Wu 1992:446 [ref. 21205], Tang et al. 2016:134 [ref. 34489]). •Synonym of Gymnocypris eckloni Herzenstein 1891 but a valid subspecies as described -- (Zhu 1995:93 [ref. 25213] as chilienensis, Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:362 [ref. 25272] as chilienensis, Zhao et al. 2011:303 [ref. 31275], Zhang et al. 2016:117 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Gymnocypris eckloni (Herzenstein 1891) -- (Ye et al. 2015:25 [ref. 33808]). •Valid as Schizopygopsis chilianensis (Li & Chang 1974). Current status: Valid as Schizopygopsis chilianensis (Li & Chang 1974). Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Distribution: Northeastern edge of the Tibetan Plateau, China. Habitat: freshwater.

chilinoides, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:127 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Mountain stream at Simla, India. No types known. Unjustified emendation of Barbus cheilynoides [= chelynoides] McClelland 1839. •In the synonymy of Naziritor chelynoides (McClelland 1839) -- (Mirza & Javed 1992:99 [ref. 23458]). Current status: Synonym of Naziritor chelynoides (McClelland 1839). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chilopterus, Mystacoleucus Fowler [H. W.] 1935:112, Fig. 46 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 87; ref. 13881] Srisawat, Thailand [Si Sawat, on Khwei Yai, a branch of the Mae Khlong, 94 mi. N-NE of Ratchabury]. Holotype: ANSP 61785. Paratypes: ANSP 61786-87 (2). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:9 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:73 [ref. 13621]. •Mention -- (Kottelat 1984:805 [ref. 11440]). •Synonym of Mystacoleucus marginatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Rainboth 1996:91 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Mystacoleucus chilopterus Fowler 1935 -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:225 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:62 [ref. 25213], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2000:84 [ref. 25486], Kottelat 2001:61 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:125 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:42 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Mystacoleucus chilopterus Fowler 1935. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

chilotes, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1908:494 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 2 (no. 12); ref. 14307] Maramba River, tributary to Zambezi, 2 miles above Victoria Falls. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.11.6.24-25 (2). •Synonym of Barbus codringtonii Boulenger 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:240 [ref. 6186] as codringtoni). •Synonym of Labeobarbus codringtonii (Boulenger 1908) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus codringtonii (Boulenger 1908). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chindwinensis, Garra Premananda [N.], Kosygin [L.] & Saidullah [B.] 2017:191, Figs. 1-3 [Records of the Zoological Survey of India v. 117 (no. 3); ref. 35861] Laniye River near Laii, Chindwin basin, Senapati District, Manipur, India, 25°31'20"N, 93°26'13"E. Holotype: ZSI FF 5906. Paratype: PCZM. •Valid as Garra chindwinensis Premananda, Kosygin & Saidullah 2017 -- (Gong et al. 2018:380 [ref. 36379], Moyon & Arunkumar 2018:113 [ref. 36388], Rath et al. 2019:495 [ref. 36896]). Current status: Valid as Garra chindwinensis Premananda, Kosygin & Saidullah 2017. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Laniye River drainage, Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

chinensis, Cirrhina Günther [A.] 1868:36 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] China. Syntypes: (at least 5) BMNH 1855.9.19.802 (1) Hassler coll., 1855.9.19.872 (1) Hassler coll., 1971.12.30.2 (1) Reeves coll., 2014.10.8.1 (1) Hassler coll. Banarescu 1972:253 [ref. 23551] incorrectly recognizes a holotype and paratypes. Original genus should have been Cirrhinus. •Valid as Cirrhinus chinensis (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:33 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Roberts 1997:192 [ref. 23550]). •Synonym of Cirrhina molitorella (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Wu et al. 1977:353 [ref. 4807], Mai 1978:76 [ref. 13511], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:201 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2001:43 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:88 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cirrhinus molitorella (Valenciennes 1844). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

chinensis, Cyprinus Basilewsky [S.] 1855:227, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Nouveaux mémoires de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou v. 10; ref. 200] Khoun'-ks River and other streams draining into Gulf of Tschili, China. No types at ZIN. Preoccupied by Cyprinus chinensis Gronow in Gray 1854. •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758, subspecies haematopterus Temminck & Schlegel 1842 [preoccupied] -- (Chen & Huang 1977:412 [ref. 8497]). •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:411 [ref. 25272], Barus et al. in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:86 [ref. 25856]). •Synonym of Cyprinus rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803 -- (Kottelat 2013:96 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chinensis, Cyprinus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:181 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Chinese rivers. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.149-152 (4, skins). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:212 [ref. 13434]. •Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Wheeler 1958:212 [ref. 13434], Kottelat 2013:85 [ref. 32989]). •Not treated by Zhang et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

chinghainensis, Gymnocypris Tchang [T.-L.] & Tchang [I.-L.] 1963:635, Fig. 1 [Acta Zoologica Sinica v. 15 (no. 4); ref. 5603] Lake Tzinkhai, China. Holotype: ASIZB [now NZMC] 45573 [ex 59-1]. Paratypes: ASIZB [now NZMC] (7). Type catalog: Zhang 1996:500 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:26 [ref. 33808]. •Synonym of Gymnocypris przewalskii (Kessler 1876) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:441 [ref. 21205], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:363 [ref. 25272], Ye et al. 2015:26 [ref. 33808] with second author as Zhang, Zhang et al. 2016:118 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Schizopygopsis przewalskii Kessler 1876. Current status: Synonym of Schizopygopsis przewalskii Kessler 1876. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chini, Osteochilus kahajanensis Karnasuta [J.] 1993:42, Fig. 18 [Kasetsart University Fishery Research Bulletin No. 19; ref. 20700] Kinabatangan River at Deramakot, Borneo, Malaysia. Holotype: FMNH 68230. Paratypes: FMNH. •Valid as Osteochilus chini Karnasuta 1993 -- (Doi 1997:9 [ref. 22832], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:582 [ref. 23647], Kottelat 2013:134 [ref. 32989], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:599 [ref. 36226]). Current status: Valid as Osteochilus chini Karnasuta 1993. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Northern Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

chiniensis, Puntius pentazoma Yoong [S.] 1973:35, Fig. [ ref. 33162] Tasik Chini, Selenger, Borneo, Malaysia. Holotype: Whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Desmopuntius johorensis (Duncker 1904) -- (Kottelat 2013:97 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Desmopuntius johorensis (Duncker 1904). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

chiumbeensis, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1936:53, Fig. 3 [Arquivos do Museu Bocage No. 7; ref. 13733] Kasai River at Chiumbé, Angola. Syntypes: (2) MNHN 1936-0084 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:40 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus chiumbeensis Pellegrin 1936 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:239 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius chiumbeensis (Pellegrin 1936) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius chiumbeensis (Pellegrin 1936). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

chivae, Schizothorax Arunkumar [L.] & Moyon [W. A.] 2016:66, Fig. 1 [International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies v. 3 (no. 2) Part B; ref. 34448] Chiva River at Khongjon village, Chandel District, Manipur, India, 24°15’3’’N, 94°17’59’’ E, elevation 236 meters. Holotype: MUMF 50/NH. Paratypes: MUMF (?). •Valid as Schizothorax chivae Arunkumar & Moyon 2016. Current status: Valid as Schizothorax chivae Arunkumar & Moyon 2016. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: Chiva River, Chindwin basin, India. Habitat: freshwater.

chlorotaenia, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:162, Fig. 140 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Odo Omi, headwaters of Omi River, Lagos, Nigeria. Syntypes: BMNH 1910.1.10.20-25 (orig. 6), MNHN 1911-0030 (1). Species name a noun in apposition, therefore correct as chlorotaenia. •Valid as Barbus chlorotaenia Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:240 [ref. 6186], Paugy & Bénech 1989:301 [ref. 26478], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:355 [ref. 21589], De Weirdt et al. 2007:505 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius chlorotaenia (Boulenger 1911) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[5] [ref. 34099], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius chlorotaenia (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

chola, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:312, 389 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Northeastern parts of Bengal. No types known. •Valid as Puntius chola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:36 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:128 [ref. 24860], Pethiyagoda 1991:98 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:263 [ref. 20764], Indra 1993:183 [ref. 24009], Rema Devi 1993:197 [ref. 24010], Rema Devi & Ilango 1993:245 [ref. 24017], Indra 1994:414 [ref. 24015], Sen 1995:513 [ref. 23778], Rema Devi et al. 1996:133 [ref. 24021], Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Manimekalan 1998:435 [ref. 24989], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:153 [ref. 24759], Sen 1999:192 [ref. 24750], Rema Devi et al. 1999:156 [ref. 24758], Menon 1999:88 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:324 [ref. 25220], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:8 [ref. 27265], Yadav 2003:12 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:146 [ref. 31338], Vishwanath & Laisram 2004:133 [ref. 27863], Shantakumar & Vishwanath 2006:2279 [ref. 28676], Silva et al. 2008:61 [ref. 29719], Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:209 [ref. 29986], Shrestha 2008:77 [ref. 29923], Kumar et al. 2012:32 [ref. 31807], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:73 [ref. 32071], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Gurung et al. 2013:4882 [ref. 32969], Plamoottil & Abraham 2014:1096 [ref. 33150], Kottelat 2013:149 [ref. 32989], Plamoottil 2014:1587 [ref. 33648], Plamoottil 2014:139 [ref. 33650], Narasimhaiah et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34975], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Suresh et al. 2018:107 [ref. 36495], Bleher 2018:710 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Puntius chola (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Ganges and Brahmaputra River basins, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

choloensis, Barbus Norman [J. R.] 1925:315 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 15 (no. 86) (art. 33); ref. 15558] Nswadzi River, Cholo, Nyasaland [Malawi], elevation 2700 feet. Syntypes: (12) BMNH 1921.9.6.40-47 (8), 1921.9.6.48-49 (2). •Valid as Barbus choloensis Norman 1925 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:240 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:159 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:159 [ref. 27406], Tweddle & Skelton 2008:29 [ref. 29605] as 'Barbus', Banyankimbona et al. 2012:188 [ref. 32298] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius choloensis (Norman 1925) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius choloensis (Norman 1925). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Malawi, eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

cholorematicus, Barbus cyclolepis Stephanidis [A.] 1971:223, Fig. 4 [Biologia Gallo-Hellenica v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 7539] Cholorema River, near Almyros, Thessaly, Greece. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837 -- (Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952], Bianco 1998:132 [ref. 23811]). •Synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Economidis 1995:204 [ref. 23025], Economidis & Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:181, 193 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus sperchiensis Stephanidis 1950 -- (Stoumboudi et al. 2006:131 [ref. 28767]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus sperchiensis Stephanidis 1950. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chondrorhynchus, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:123, Fig. 81 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Keng Tung, Shan States, Myanmar. Holotype: ANSP 58062. Paratypes: ANSP 58063 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984: 73 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Poropuntius chondrorhynchus (Fowler 1934) -- (Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Roberts 1998:114 [ref. 23549]). •Questionably a synonym of Poropuntius laoensis (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2001:71 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Poropuntius laoensis (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2013:144 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Poropuntius laoensis (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

chongi, Oreinus Fang [P.-W.] 1936:448, Fig. 10A [Sinensia v. 7 (no. 4); ref. 13120] Chungkiang, Szechuan, China. Holotype (unique): NRIBAS M.1934. •Valid as Racoma chongi (Fang 1936) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:375 [ref. 21205]). •Valid as Schizothorax chongi (Fang 1936) -- (Tsao 1964:145 [ref. 13501], Ye & Fu in Ding 1994:371 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:87 [ref. 25213], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:200 [ref. 23556], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:296 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:121 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Schizothorax chongi (Fang 1936). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

chonglingchungi, Barbus Tchang [T.-L.] 1938:63, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Peiping (Zoology Series) v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 17175] Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: ZMFASIZB (now NZMC) 3704 [ex 10318]. Other specimens: ZMFMIB (now ASIZB) 10319 (1), 10439-40 (1, 1). Type catalog: Zhang 1996:499 [ref. 24036], He et al. 2015:16 [ref. 33808]. Tchang treats as 1936. Type catalog: Ye et al. 2015:16 [ref. 33808]. •Valid as Barbodes chonglingchungi (Tchang 1938) -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:186 [ref. 13584], Yang 1991:195 [ref. 13585], Yang & Chen 1995:80 [ref. 23555], Zhu 1995:55 [ref. 25213] as chonglingchengi, Chen et al. 1999:83 [ref. 23883], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:21 [ref. 25272], He et al. 2015:16 [ref. 33808]). •Valid as Poropuntius chonglingchengi (Tchang 1938) -- (Zhang & Fang 2005:61 [ref. 28089], Ye et al. 2015:16 [ref. 33808], Zhang et al. 2016:95 [ref. 34477] dated 1936). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius chonglingchungi (Tchang 1938). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chryseus, Systomus Plamoottil [M.] 2014:140, Fig. 12 [International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies v. 1 (no. 6) Part C; ref. 33650] Keezhvaipur, Manimala River, Kerala, India. Holotype: ZSI/FF 4625. Paratypes: ZSI/WGRC/IR/V. •Valid as Systomus chryseus Plamoottil 2014 -- (Plamoottil 2016:95 [ref. 34814], Arunachalam et al. 2018:45 [ref. 36280]). Current status: Valid as Systomus chryseus Plamoottil 2014. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: India (Kerala). Habitat: freshwater.

chrysochlora, Racoma McClelland [J.] 1842:577, Pl. 15 (fig. 2) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 2926] Lolpore, Kabul River, Afghanistan. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Racoma labiata McClelland 1842 -- (Menon 1999:108 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Schizothorax chrysochlora (McClelland 1842) -- (Coad 1981:12 [ref. 22348]). •Synonym of Schizothorax labiatus (McClelland 1842). Current status: Synonym of Schizothorax labiatus (McClelland 1842). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chrysophekadion, Rohita Bleeker [P.] 1849:20 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 12); ref. 16883] Kalimas River, Surabaya, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 6994. Paralectotypes: RMNH 12124 (24), 12288 (1), 12320 (1), 12364 (1). Bleeker specimens: NMV 46513-14 (1, 1). Lectotype selected by Fricke 1991;13. •Valid as Morulius chrysophekadion (Bleeker 1849) -- (Roberts 1989:45 [ref. 6439], Rainboth 1996:115 [ref. 22772], Freyhof et al. 2000:95 [ref. 25184], Fuller et al. 1999:95 [ref. 25838]). •Valid as Labeo chrysophekadion (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:36 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:37 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:57 [ref. 25780], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:150 [ref. 28284], Kottelat 2013:115 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:42 [ref. 33971], Narasimhaiah et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34975]). Current status: Valid as Labeo chrysophekadion (Bleeker 1849). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

chrysopoma, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:165, Pl. 466 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Coast of Malabar, India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-5776 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:24 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822), subspecies subnasutus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Menon 1999:72 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Systomus chrysopoma (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Plamoottil 2014:145 [ref. 33650], Bleher 2018:788 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Systomus chrysopoma (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chrysops, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:308 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Bengal. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3901. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:70 [ref. 19574]. Cyprinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

chrysopterus, Systomus McClelland [J.] 1839:285, 381 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Bengal and Assam, India. No types known. •Synonym of Puntius sophore (Hamilton 1822) -- (see Coad 1981:11 [ref. 22348], Menon 1999:101 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:149 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Puntius sophore (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chrysosomus, Systomus McClelland [J.] 1839:284 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Bengal, India. No types known. •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:70 [ref. 24904] as chrysopomus). •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chui, Gymnocypris Tchang [T.-L.], Yueh [T.-H.] & Hwang [H.-C.] 1964:146, Figs. 10-11 [Acta Zoologica Sinica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 3501] Namo country, Lhatse, southern Tibet. Holotype: ASIZB [now NZMC] 44672 [ex TS-256]. Paratypes: ASIZB [now NZMC] 44753-56, 44758-61, 44763-64, 46102-06. Type catalog: Zhang 1996:500 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:27 [ref. 33808]. •Valid as Gymnocypris chui Tchang, Yueh & Hwang 1964 -- (Wu & Wu 1992:460 [ref. 21205], Zhang et al. 1995:111 [ref. 22734], Zhu 1995:93 [ref. 25213], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:359 [ref. 25272], He et al. 2015:27 [ref. 33808], Ye et al. 2015:27 [ref. 33808] with second author as Yue, Zhang et al. 2016:117 [ref. 34477], Tang et al. 2016:134 [ref. 34489]). •Valid as Schizopygopsis chui (Tchang, Yueh & Hwang 1964). Current status: Valid as Schizopygopsis chui (Tchang, Yueh & Hwang 1964). Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Distribution: Tibet, China. Habitat: freshwater.

chungtienensis, Diptychus (Ptychobarbus) Tsao [W.-H.] 1964:174, Fig. 4-31 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 1; ref. 13501] Zhongdian, Yunnan Province, China. Syntypes: (5). •Valid as Diptychus chungtienensis Tsao 1964 -- (Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:227 [ref. 23556]). •Valid as Ptychobarbus chungtienensis (Tsao 1964) -- (Mo in Chu & Chen 1989:317 [ref. 13584], Wu & Wu 1992:419 [ref. 21205], Zhu 1995:91 [ref. 25213], Chen & Chen 2001:147 [ref. 25461]). •Valid as Ptychobarbus chungtienensis (Tsao 1964), subspecies chungtienensis (Tsao 1964) -- (Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:345 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:119 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Ptychobarbus chungtienensis (Tsao 1964). Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

chuoculongensis, Gymnocypris dobula Tsao [?], Chen [?], Wu [?], Tsao [?], Chen [?] & Zhu [?] in Wu & Wu 1992:458, 459 [The fishes of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau; ref. 21205] Chuocuolong Lake, Jilong County, Xizang Autonomous Region [Tibet], China. Syntypes: (10) IHASW 75VII238 (1), 241-44 (4), 249 (1), 252-53 (2), 255-56 (2), 75VII405-09 (5), 411 (1), 414 (1), 417 (1), 421 (1), 426 (1) [10 of these are syntypes, remaining 10 are ex. of the nominate ssp.; not distinguished in original] Initials of authors not seen. •Synonym of Schizopygopsis dobula (Günther 1868). Current status: Synonym of Schizopygopsis dobula (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cimmaruta, Discognathus blanfordii Gianferrari [L.] 1936:298, Figs. 1-2; Pl. 4 [Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali di Milano v. 75 (nos 3/4); ref. 20922] Gherungurà stream, Adua, Ethiopia. Syntypes: MSNM 21 [ex MSNM 4844] (4). Type catalog: Conci & Michelangeli 1974:224 [ref. 21560]. •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:304 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Garra blanfordii (Boulenger 1901) -- (Stiassny & Getahun 2007:73 [ref. 29119]). Current status: Synonym of Garra blanfordii (Boulenger 1901). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

cincta, Barbus hemispinus Lin [S.-Y.] 1931:124 [Carps and carp-like fishes; ref. 4019] Original description not seen. •Synonym of Acrossocheilus hemispinus (Nichols 1925) -- (Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:146 [ref. 23876]). •Synonym of Acrossocheilus hemispinus (Nichols 1925), but a valid subspecies cinctus (Lin 1931) -- (Wu et al. 1977:275 [ref. 4807], Zheng et al. 1989:180 [ref. 21202], Zhu 1995:57 [ref. 25213], Zhao et al. 1997:245 [ref. 23724], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:101 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Acrossocheilus cinctus (Lin 1931) -- (Yuan et al. 2006:171 [ref. 28704], Yuan & Zhang 2010:54 [ref. 31052]). •Synonym of Acrossocheilus kreyenbergii (Regan 1908) -- (Yuan & Zhang 2010:37 [ref. 31050], Kottelat 2013:72 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Acrossocheilus kreyenbergii (Regan 1908). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: Zhu Jiang (Pearl River) basin, Guangxi Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

cirrhinoides, Sinilabeo Wu [H.-W.] & Lin [R.-D.] in Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen & He 1977:344, Fig. 7-75 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 2; ref. 4807] Yuan Jiang, Yunnan Province, China. Syntypes: 60315 (1), 60343-44 (1, 1), 60358 (1). •Valid as Sinilabeo cirrhinoides Wu & Lin 1977 -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:264 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:65 [ref. 25213], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:189 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Bangana cirrhinoides (Wu & Lin 1977 -- [error] -- Zhang et al. in Yue et al. 2000:197 [ref. 25272]). •Synonym of Bangana devdevi (Hora 1936) -- (Zhang & Chen 2006:48, 50 [ref. 28775], Kottelat 2013:75 [ref. 32989] with question, Zhang et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Bangana devdevi (Hora 1936). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: China. [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

cirrhosus, Cyprinus Bloch [M. E.] 1795:52, Pl. 411 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 9; ref. 464] Malabar coast, India. No types known. On p. 43 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 12 [ref. 21381]. Original plate is reproduced in Roberts 1997:179 [ref. 23550]. •Valid as Cirrhinus cirrhosus (Bloch 1795) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:170 [ref. 20764], Roberts 1997:177 [ref. 23550], Menon 1999:120 [ref. 24904], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Kottelat 2001:20 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2001:42 [ref. 25780], Yadav 2003:9 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:140 [ref. 31338], Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872], Kottelat 2013:87 [ref. 32989], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:380 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Cirrhinus cirrhosus (Bloch 1795). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Asia; widely introduced. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

cirrhosus, Semiplotus Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1919:280, Pl. 22 (figs. 3-3a) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 16 (pt 4); ref. 15208] Mountain stream, Putao Plains (formerly Hkamti Long), Upper Myanmar. Holotype (unique): ZSI F9747/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:118 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:361 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Cyprinion semiplotum (McClelland 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:182 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:116 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Semiplotus cirrhosus Chaudhuri 1919 -- (Vishwanath & Kosygin 2000:94 [ref. 24889], Kottelat 2013:162 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Semiplotus cirrhosus Chaudhuri 1919. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

cirrosus, Cyprinus Schaeffer [J. C.] (ex Klein) 1760:18, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-3) [Epistola ad Regio-Borvssicam Societatem litterariam Dvisbvrgensem; ref. 4989] Ratisbonae [Danube River, at Regensburg, Germany]. No types known. Name not available, rejected work (Opinion 345). •In the synonymy of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:56 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2013:94 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

ciscaucasicus, Barbus Kessler [K. F.] 1877:98 [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Kuma River near Georgievsk, Russia. Lectotype: ZIN 10920. Paralectotypes: (many) BMNH 1897.7.5.22 [ex MLSU] (1), ZIN 50161 [ex ZIN 10920] (1). Lectotype selected by Bogutskaya et al. in Banarescu & Bogutskaya 2003:163 [ref. 27353] •Synonym of Barbus plebeius Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lelek 1987:163 [ref. 22962] as plebejus). •Valid as Barbus ciscaucasicus Kessler 1877 -- (Berg 1949:692 [ref. 20661], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:88 [ref. 23589], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:44 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:163 [ref. 27353], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:46 [ref. 28183], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:123 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Levin et al. 2019:33 [ref. 36643]). Current status: Valid as Barbus ciscaucasicus Kessler 1877. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eastern Caucasus region: Terek and Kuma River systems, and rivers in northern Azerbaijan, Caspian Sea basin. Habitat: freshwater.

citrinus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1920:24 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 4); ref. 587] Poko, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 8059. •Valid as Barbus citrinus Boulenger 1920 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:240 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius citrinus (Boulenger 1920) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius citrinus (Boulenger 1920). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

clarkeae, Varicorhinus Banister [K. E.] 1984:277, Fig. 7 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 47 (no. 5); ref. 5282] Cunje River, affluent of the Cuanza, Ceilunga, Angola (~12°0'0"S, 17°40'0"E). Holotype: MRAC 164456. Paratypes: MRAC 164457 (1). •Valid as Varicorhinus clarkeae Banister 1984. •Valid as Labeobarbus clarkeae (Banister 1984) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus clarkeae (Banister 1984). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

claudinae, Barbus De Vos [L. D. G.] & Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1990:5, Fig. 3 [Cybium v. 14 (no. 1); ref. 17656] Satinsyi, near Ngororero, Rwanda, Africa, 1°51'S, 29°38'E. Holotype: MRAC 86-01-P-501. Paratypes: MRAC 85-44-P-141-144 (4), 85-44-P-269 (1), 85-44-P-281-289 (9), 86-01-P-502-508 (7), 86-09-P-444-451 (8), 87-11-P-1366-372 (7), 87-11-P-1373-384 (12), 91755-56 (2), 92214 (1), 130310 (1). Other material: MRAC 81-47-P-495 (1). •Valid as Labeobarbus claudinae (De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990) -- (Banyankimbona et al. 2012:276 [ref. 34113], Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus claudinae (De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

clauseni, Barbus Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1976:197, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 90 (no. 1); ref. 7397] Upper Yewa River between Meka and Ilara at 7°26'N, 2°48'E, Nigeria. Holotype: MRAC 76-32-P-4901. Paratypes: MRAC 76-32-P-4902 (1), 76-32-P-4903-4911 (9); ZMUC (2). •Valid as Barbus clauseni Thys van den Audenaerde 1976 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:240 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:330 [ref. 21589], Farm 2000:980 [ref. 25015]). •Valid as Enteromius clauseni (Thys van den Audenaerde 1976) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius clauseni (Thys van den Audenaerde 1976). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Nigeria. Habitat: freshwater.

clavatus, Barbus McClelland [J.] 1845:280, Pl. 21 (fig. 2) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2929] Rivers at foot of Sikkim Mountains, northern frontier of Bengal. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Poropuntius clavatus (McClelland 1845) -- (Roberts 1998:110 [ref. 23549], Menon 1999:83 [ref. 24904], Vishwanath & Kosygin 2001:35 [ref. 25682]). •Valid as Puntius clavatus (McClelland 1845) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:265 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:513 [ref. 23778], Kundu 2000:96 [ref. 25663], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Arunkumar & Tombe Singh 2003:481 [ref. 26926], Shrestha 2008:77 [ref. 29923]). •Valid as Systomus clavatus (McClelland 1845) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:77 [ref. 32071], Bleher 2018:790 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Systomus clavatus (McClelland 1845). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Ganges and Brahmaputra River basins, Nepal, India Bangladesh and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

clavirostris, Garra Roni [N.], Sarbojit [T.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2017:368, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa 4244 (no. 3); ref. 35205] Dilaima River at Boro Chenam Village below the confluence of Dilaima and Dihandi, Brahmaputra drainage, Dima Hasao District, Assam, India, 25°18′03"N, 92°52′05"E, elevation 401 meters. Holotype: MUMF 22004. Paratypes: MUMF. •Valid as Garra clavirostris Roni, Sarbojit & Vishwanath 2017 -- (Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749], Gong et al. 2018:380 [ref. 36379], Moyon & Arunkumar 2018:113 [ref. 36388], Roni et al. 2019:551 [ref. 36796], Rath et al. 2019:495 [ref. 36896]). Current status: Valid as Garra clavirostris Roni, Sarbojit & Vishwanath 2017. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River basin, Assam, India. Habitat: freshwater.

clemensi, Barbodes Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1924:293 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 24 (no. 3); ref. 2118] Dansalan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 10159 (presumed destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP (3) presumed destroyed. Additional material: (5). Also appeared in Herre 1924:1569 [ref. 2120] but without distinguishing features; available as above. •Valid as Barbodes clemensi Herre 1924 -- (Kottelat 2013:78 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes clemensi Herre 1924. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Lake Lanao, Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

clivosius, Lissochilus Lin [S.-Y.] 1935:307, Figs. 3-4 [Lingnan Science Journal, Canton v. 14 (no. 2); ref. 2779] Kweiping, Kwangsi, China. Holotype: FESC (now at PRFRI). Paratypes: FESC (now at PRFRI) (6). Spelled cliousius in caption for Fig. 3. •Valid as Lissochilus clivosius Lin 1935 -- (Mai 1978:94 [ref. 13511], Nguyen 1997:4 [ref. 24128]). •Valid as Acrossocheilus clivosius (Lin 1935) -- (Wu et al. 1977:291 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:206 [ref. 13584], Zheng et al. 1989:185 [ref. 21202], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:154 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:59 [ref. 25213], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:119 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2001:16 [ref. 25482], Yuan et al. 2006:170 [ref. 28704], Kottelat 2013:71 [ref. 32989], Yuan et al. 2015:161 [ref. 34103], Zhang et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Acrossocheilus clivosius (Lin 1935). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

coadi, Capoeta Alwan [N. H.], Zareian [H.] & Esmaeili [H. R.] 2016:158, Figs. 1-4 [ZooKeys No. 572; ref. 34334] Beshar (Bashar) River at Tale Gah village, Karun River drainage, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad provinces, Iran, 30°47'27"N, 51°25'13"E. Holotype: ZM-CBSU Z190. Paratypes: ZM-CBSU. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Capoeta coadi Alwan, Zareian & Esmaeili 2016 -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2016:169 [ref. 34989], Alwan et al. 2016:17 [ref. 35686], Esmaeili et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35254], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2017:153 [ref. 35425], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2017:153 [ref. 35538], Zareian & Esmaeili 2017:245 [ref. 36090], Esmaeili et al. 2018:19 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta coadi Alwan, Zareian & Esmaeili 2016. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Karun River drainage, Tigris River basin, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

coatesi, Tylognathus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:208, Figs. 181-182 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Bangkok, Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 68202. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:6 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:73 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Crossocheilus reticulatus (Fowler 1934) -- (Bănărescu 1986:145 [ref. 8112], Rainboth 1996:119 [ref. 22772], Zhang & Chen 1997:322 [ref. 23731], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:209 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2001:43 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:90 [ref. 32989], Ciccotto et al. 2017:287 [ref. 35402]). Current status: Synonym of Crossocheilus reticulatus (Fowler 1934). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

cobitis, Lobocheilos Bleeker [P.] 1854:523 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5965] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia; Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes and/or Bleeker specimens: (40) ?BMNH 1866.5.2.54 (1), RMNH 7006 (1), 10490 [ex 7006] (27), SMNS 10589 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:13 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:33 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Crossocheilus cobitis (Bleeker 1854) -- (Bănărescu 1986:149 [ref. 8112], Roberts 1989:32 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:34 [ref. 23448], Menon & Jacob 1996:62 [ref. 22482], Rainboth 1996:118 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:580 [ref. 23647], Su et al. 2000:215 [ref. 25281], Kottelat 2001:43 [ref. 25780], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:149 [ref. 28284], Tan & Kottelat 2009:28 [ref. 30261], Kottelat & Tan 2011:198 [ref. 31486], Kottelat 2013:90 [ref. 32989], Ciccotto et al. 2017:273 [ref. 35402]). Current status: Valid as Crossocheilus cobitis (Bleeker 1854). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

cochinensis, Thynnichthys Günther [A.] 1876:401 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 43); ref. 2007] "Cochin" (Rajahmundry on Godavery, India). Holotype (unique): BMNH uncat. (skin, not seen). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

codringtonii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1908:492 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 2 (no. 12); ref. 14307] Zambesi River above Victoria Falls, Zambia (±17°55'S, 25°51'E). Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.11.6.23. •Valid as Barbus codringtonii Boulenger 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:240 [ref. 6186] as codringtoni, Skelton 1993:173 [ref. 24071]). •Valid as Labeobarbus codringtonii (Boulenger 1908) -- (Skelton 2001:173 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:106 [ref. 31755], Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168], Bruton et al. 2018:41 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus codringtonii (Boulenger 1908). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

coeruleus, Carassius Basilewsky [S.] 1855:229, Pl. 9 (fig. 2) [Nouveaux mémoires de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou v. 10; ref. 200] Northern China. No types at ZIN. •Synonym of Carassius carassius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Chen & Huang 1977:432 [ref. 8497]). •Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:429 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:85 [ref. 32989]). •Not treated by Zhang et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

coeruleus, Carassius auratus Bade [E.] 1894:13 [Der Goldfisch; ref. 34766] Domesticated aquarium fish. No types known. Primary homonym of Carassius coeruleus Basilewsky 1855, permanently invalid. •Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

coeruleus, Cyprinus Brind [W. L.] 1914:25 [Domesticated fish; ref. 21099] Japan. No types known. Domesticated goldfish described earlier by Bade 1894. Current status: Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

cogginii, Barbus Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1911:16, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 6 (pt 1); ref. 14785] Lake Tali Fu, Yunnan Province, China, elevation 7000 feet. Syntypes: ZSI F4680/1 (1), F4682/1 (1), F4685/1 (1), F4686/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:105 [ref. 20743]. •Valid as Barbodes cogginii (Chaudhuri 1911) -- (Wu et al. 1977:241 [ref. 4807], Chen et al. 1999:87 [ref. 23883]). •Valid as Poropuntius cogginii (Chaudhuri 1911) -- (Roberts 1998:112 [ref. 23549], Kottelat 2013:143 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Poropuntius daliensis (Wu & Lin 1977) -- (Zhang et al. 2016:95 [ref. 34477] dated 1982). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius cogginii (Chaudhuri 1911). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: China (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

colemani, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:197, Figs. 159-160 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Me Poon [Mae Poon] River, Chiengmai, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68152. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:12 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:73 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Discherodontus halei (Duncker 1904) -- (Rainboth 1989:10 [ref. 13537]). •Valid as Barbodes colemani (Fowler 1937) -- (Chen et al. 1999:87 [ref. 23883]). •Valid as Discherodontus colemani (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 2013:100 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Discherodontus colemani (Fowler 1937). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

collaris, Labeo Nichols [J. T.] & Pope [C. H.] 1927:362, Fig. 28 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 54 (art. 2); ref. 5747] Nodoa, Hainan Island, China. Holotype (unique): AMNH 8399. •Synonym of Cirrhinus molitorella (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Wu et al. 1977:353 [ref. 4807], Mai 1978:76 [ref. 13511] in Cirrhina, Jin in Kuang et al. 1986:128 [ref. 26639], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:175 [ref. 23876] in Cirrhina, Roberts 1997:193 [ref. 23550], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:201 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:88 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:108 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Cirrhinus molitorella (Valenciennes 1844). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

collarti, Barbus Poll [M.] 1945:302, Fig. 3 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 38 (nos 3-4); ref. 13150] Muingisi River, Mayumbe, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 25010. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:27 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus collarti Poll 1945 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:240 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:485 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius collarti (Poll 1945) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius collarti (Poll 1945). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

collingwoodii, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:483 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1868.1.27.15. •Valid as Puntius collingwoodii (Günther 1868) -- (Roberts 1989:62 [ref. 6439]). •Valid as Barbodes collingwoodii (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:32 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:229 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Barbonymus collingwoodii (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:148 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:179 [ref. 28285], Gante et al. 2008:1091 [ref. 29529], Kottelat 2013:81 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:27 [ref. 35802]). Current status: Valid as Barbonymus collingwoodii (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

comizo, Barbus Steindachner [F.] 1864:4 [Catalogue préliminaire des poissons d'eau douce de Portugal, conservés au Muséum d'Histoire naturelle de Lisbonne.; ref. 21708] Tejo [= Tajo] River [Spain and Portugal]. Syntypes: BMNH 1909.7.29.1 (1), 1909.7.29.2 [ex NMW] (1); MSNM 18 [ex MSNM 4658 and ex NMW] (1) Toledo; NMW 5306 (1), 5353 (1), 10696 (1), 18929 (2), 54603-68 (1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1), 54070-78 (2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 1, 2, 2, 3); ?NRM 8054 (1). Type catalog: Conci & Michelangeli 1974:223 [ref. 21560] as comiza. Appeared in more detail in Steindachner 1865:2 [ref. 13939]. Also in Steindachner 1866:7 [ref. 18757] and spelled comiza. •Valid as Barbus comizo Steindachner 1864 -- (Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952], Bianco 1998:127 [ref. 23811], Miranda & Escala 2000:197 [ref. 24798] as comiza, Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:197 [ref. 26728], Almaça & Bănărescu in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:173 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus comizo (Steindachner 1864) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:138 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Doadrio et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34185], Doadrio et al. 2016:5 [ref. 34978]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus comizo (Steindachner 1864). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Portugal and Spain. Habitat: freshwater.

communis, Barbus Perty [J. A. M.] 1832:718 [Isis (Oken) v. 25 (no. 7); ref. 18534] England. No types known. Original not seen. Unneeded replacement name for and objective synonym of Cyprinus barbus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952], Bănărescu et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:43 [ref. 27353]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

communis, Barbus Nordmann [A. von] 1840:472 [Voyage dans la Russie méridionale et la Crimée; ref. 3209] Unneeded replacement name for and objective synonym of Cyprinus barbus Linnaeus 1758. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus communis Perty 1832. •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

communis, Cyprinus carpio Anonymous in Arun et al. 1996:103 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 93 (pt 1); ref. 24725] In Arun et al. 1996:103 [ref. 24725], name appeared in list as Cyprinus carpio communis Linnaeus. Linnaeus did not describe a communis referable to Cyprinus so we are listing authorship as anonymous for now. •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies communis Anonymous -- (Das et al. 1964:103 [ref. 27487], Indra 1991:237 [ref. 24005], Sen 1995:504 [ref. 23778], Arun et al. 1996:103 [ref. 24725], Zacharias et al. 1996:40 [ref. 25526], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Shrestha 2008:63 [ref. 29923]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

compiniei, Barynotus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1879:102 [13] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 3; ref. 3881] Ogowe, French Congo (±0°49'S, 9°0'E). Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2845 (dry). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:13 [ref. 19574]. On p. 13 of separate. •Valid as Barbus compiniei (Sauvage 1879) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:241 [ref. 6186] as compinei). •Valid as Labeobarbus compiniei (Sauvage 1879) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:529 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus compiniei (Sauvage 1879). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Western central Africa: Gabon and Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

compressiformis, Barbus Cockerell [T. D. A.] 1913:133 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 32 (Doc. 779) (for 1912); ref. 870] Fort Stedman, southern Shan States, Indochina, elevation 3000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.6.30.43-52 (10). Replacement name for Barbus compressus Boulenger 1893, preoccupied by Barbus (Barboides) compressus Day 1870. •Synonym of Puntius clavatus (McClelland 1845) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:265 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Puntius compressiformis (Cockerell 1913) -- (Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Systomus compressiformis (Cockerell 1913) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:77 [ref. 32071], Kottelat 2013:165 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Systomus compressiformis (Cockerell 1913). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

compressus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1893:202 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 12 (no. 69); ref. 14522] Fort Stedman, southern Shan States, Indochina, elevation 3000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.6.30.43-52 (10). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus (Barbodes) compressus Day 1870, replaced by Barbus compressiformis Cockerell 1913. Also replaced by Barbus liui Fowler 1958. •In the synonymy Puntius clavatus (McClelland 1845) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:265 [ref. 20764]). •In the synonym of Systomus compresiformis (Cockerell 1913) -- (Kottelat 2013:165 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus compressiformis (Cockerell 1913). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

compressus, Barbus (Barbodes) Day [F.] 1870:555 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 3) (for 25 Nov. 1869); ref. 1077] Cashmere (erroneous) -- probably Myanmar, Holotype (unique): ZSI 5513/1. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762]. •In genus Neolissochilus -- (Rainboth 1985:29 [ref. 5968]). •Valid as Neolissochilus compressus (Day 1870) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:228 [ref. 20764], Kottelat 2013:127 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35058], Lalramliana et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 35912]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus compressus (Day 1870). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

compressus, Cyprinus Bosc [L. A. G.] in Heckel 1843:1041 [51] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Not available, name only. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

compressus, Garra Kosygin [L.] & Vishwanath [W.] 1998:45, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of Freshwater Biology v. 10 (no. 1-2); ref. 25761] Wanze stream at Khamsom, 25°12'N, 94°32'E, Manipur, India. Holotype: MUMF 2316. Paratypes: MUMF 2314-2315 (2). •Valid as Garra compressus Kosygin & Vishwanath 1998 -- (Kullander & Fang 2004:276 [ref. 27857], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2357 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:5 [ref. 31861], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715], Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:367 [ref. 35205] as compressa, Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484] as compressa, Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749] as compressa, Moyon & Arunkumar 2018:113 [ref. 36388] as compressa, Bleher 2018:478 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Garra compressus Kosygin & Vishwanath 1998. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

conchonius, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:317, 389 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ponds of northeastern Bengal; Kosi and Ami rivers, India. No types known. •Valid as Puntius conchonius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:36 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:131 [ref. 24860], Coad 1981:11 [ref. 22348], Paxton et al. 1989:217 [ref. 12442], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:266 [ref. 20764], Singh & Yazdani 1993:198 [ref. 24022], Sen 1995:514 [ref. 23778], Kullander et al. 1999:108 [ref. 23689], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:153 [ref. 24759], Sen 1999:192 [ref. 24750], Rema Devi et al. 1999:156 [ref. 24758], Menon 1999:90 [ref. 24904], Fuller et al. 1999:142 [ref. 25838], Menon et al. 2000:267 [ref. 25168], Arunachalam et al. 2000:293 [ref. 25165], Rafique 2000:324 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2000:355 [ref. 25207], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Allen et al. 2002:361 [ref. 25930], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359], Arunkumar & Tombe Singh 2003:481 [ref. 26926], Mirza 2003:8 [ref. 27265], Yadav 2003:12 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:149 [ref. 31338], Vishwanath & Laisram 2004:134 [ref. 27863], Kullander & Fang 2005:297 [ref. 28193], Jameela Beevi & Ramachandran 2005:85 [ref. 28531], Shantakumar & Vishwanath 2006:2279 [ref. 28676], Allen et al. 2006:347 [ref. 29004], Kullander 2008:59 [ref. 29716], Shrestha 2008:78 [ref. 29923], Kullander & Britz 2008:61 [ref. 29861], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594]). •Valid as Pethia conchonius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:81 [ref. 32071], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2013:88 [ref. 32976], Kottelat 2013:140 [ref. 32989], Lalramliana et al. 2014:372 [ref. 33389], Katwate et al. 2014:244 [ref. 33433], Katwate et al. 2014:213 [ref. 33571], Atkore et al. 2015:295 [ref. 33789], Katwate et al. 2016:2043 [ref. 34413], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2018:591 [ref. 35803], Bleher 2018:658 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Pethia conchonius (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Himalaya Foothills, Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

condei, Barbus Mahnert [V.] & Géry [J.] 1982:484, Fig. 63-69 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 89 (no. 2); ref. 8448] Ivindo River basin, Belinga, Gabon. Holotype: MHNG 1544.49. Paratypes: MHNG (4), ?MNHN 1982-0739 (1), plus additional material (20). Type catalog: Weber 1998:6 [ref. 23532], Weber 1998 [ref. 32707]. •Valid as Barbus condei Mahnert & Géry 1982 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:241 [ref. 6186], Van den Bergh & Teugels 1998:1391 [ref. 23542], De Weirdt et al. 2007:485 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius condei (Mahnert & Géry 1982) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius condei (Mahnert & Géry 1982). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

congicus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:100, Pl. 40 (fig. 3) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 5); ref. 589] Matadi and Boma, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1899.11.27.6-7 (2), MRAC 870 (1), 871-872 (2), 873-875 (1, 1, 1). •Valid as Barbus congicus Boulenger 1899 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:241 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Clypeobarbus congicus (Boulenger 1899) -- (Conway & Stiassny 2008:262 [ref. 29761], Banyankimbona et al. 2012:276 [ref. 34113], Stiassny & Sakharva 2016:1409 [ref. 34176], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Clypeobarbus congicus (Boulenger 1899). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

congoensis, Garra Poll [M.] 1959:88, Pl. 16 (figs. 3A-3C) [v. 71 (art. 3); ref. 3522] Regina Falls, rapids at Kinsuka, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 103350. Paratypes: (22) MRAC 87979-80 (2), 103351-55 (5), 118283-90 (8), 118291-95 (5), 118931-33 (3). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:40 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Garra congoensis Poll 1959 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:301 [ref. 6186], Skelton 2019:229 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Garra congoensis Poll 1959. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Central Africa: Congo, Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

congoro, Labeo Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1852:683 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1852; ref. 18539] Zambezi River, Tette [Tete], Mozambique. Syntypes: NMW 53518 (1), ZMB 3279 (2). Original as congôro. Also in Peters 1868:45, Pl. 9 [ref. 3440]. Lectotype selected by Reid 1985:157 [ref. 19189]. •Valid as Labeo congoro Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:308 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:156 [ref. 19189], Skelton 1993:183 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:183 [ref. 27406], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059], Marshall 2011:113 [ref. 31755]). Current status: Valid as Labeo congoro Peters 1852. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

conirostris, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:127 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Bowany River, Nilgherries, India. Syntypes: BMNH 1867.7.24.50-51 (2). Based on literature sources and specimens. •Synonym of Hypselobarbus micropogon (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Menon 1999:80 [ref. 24904], Knight et al. 2013:213 [ref. 33021]). •Synonym of Hypselobarbus gracilis (Jerdon 1849) -- (Arunachalam et al. 2016:77 [ref. 34522]). Current status: Synonym of Hypselobarbus gracilis (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

conirostris, Cyprinus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:191, Pl. 27 (figs. 2, 2a-b) [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D1724 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH D1720-1723 (4, stuffed), 2428 (1). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:153 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Barus et al. in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:85 [ref. 25856]). •Synonym of Cyprinus rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803 -- (Kottelat 2013:96 [ref. 32898]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

conirostris, Ptychobarbus Steindachner [F.] 1866:789, Pl. 17 (fig. 4) [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 16; ref. 18789] Near Monastery at Hanle, Ladakh, Tibet, elevation 15200 feet. Syntypes: (2). •Valid as Diptychus conirostris (Steindachner 1866) -- (Tsao 1964:172 [ref. 13501]). •Valid as Ptychobarbus conirostris Steindachner 1866 -- (Coad 1981:11 [ref. 22348], Tilak 1987:90 [ref. 23969], Tilak 1990:135 [ref. 23720], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:397 [ref. 20764], Wu & Wu 1992:413 [ref. 21205], Zhang et al. 1995:102 [ref. 22734], Zhu 1995:91 [ref. 25213], Menon 1999:114 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:324 [ref. 25220], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:341 [ref. 25272], Karmakar 2000:30 [ref. 25662], Chen & Chen 2001:147 [ref. 25461], Mirza & Afridi 2002:173 [ref. 26429], Mirza 2003:11 [ref. 27265], Zhang et al. 2016:119 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Ptychobarbus conirostris Steindachner 1866. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Distribution: Asia: Pakistan to China. Habitat: freshwater.

conocephalus, Barbus Kessler [K. F.] 1872:50 [6], Pl. 6 (fig. 6), Pl. 7 (figs. 7-8) [Izvestiia Imperatorskago Obschchestva Liubitelei Estestvozaniia, Antropologii i Etnografii v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 14134] Zeravshan River, Uzbekistan. Syntypes: (6) ZMMU P-1513 (2), P-1518 (1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:19 [ref. 25714]. On p. 6 of separate. •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1949:700 [ref. 20661], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735 [ref. 24702]). •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya 1998:88 [ref. 23589], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:147 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus conocephalus (Kessler 1872) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2016:790 [ref. 35991]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus conocephalus (Kessler 1872). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Uzbekistan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

consternans, Poropuntius Kottelat [M.] 2000:48 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 25040] Xe Nam Noi 300 meters downstream from main dam site for Xe Nam Noi-Xe Pian hydropower scheme, Bolovens Plateau, Sekong watershed, Laos. Holotype: CAS 94255. Paratypes: CAS 94256 (1). New name for infrasubspecific Poropuntius bolovenensis morpha acuticeps of Roberts 1988. •Valid as Poropuntius consternans Kottelat 2000 -- (Kottelat 2001:69 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:144 [ef. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius consternans Kottelat 2000. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

continii, Barbus Vinciguerra [D.] 1926:221 [12] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 52; ref. 15610] Sea of Galilee [Tiberias], Israel. Holotype (unique): MSNG 22300. Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:185 [ref. 10343]. On p. 12 of separate. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

convexaventris, Gymnocypris Tchang [T.-L.] & Tchang [I.-L.] 1963:636, Fig. 2 [Acta Zoologica Sinica v. 15 (no. 4); ref. 5603] Lake Tzinkhai, China. Holotype: ASIZB [now NZMC] 45585 ex [62-4]. Paratypes: ASIZB [now NZMC] (13 specimens but 3 at ASIZB [now NZMC]). Type catalog: Zhang 1996:499 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:28 [ref. 33808]. •Synonym of Gymnocypris przewalskii (Kessler 1876) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:441 [ref. 21205], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:363 [ref. 25272], Ye et al. 2015:28 [ref. 33808], Zhang et al. 2016:118 [ref. 34477] with second author as Chang). •Synonym of Schizopygopsis przewalskii Kessler 1876. Current status: Synonym of Schizopygopsis przewalskii Kessler 1876. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Habitat: freshwater.

convexiforeheadus, Sinocyclocheilus Li [W.-X.], Yang [H.-F.] & Li [C.-Q.] in Yang, Li & Li 2017:59 [English p. 60], Fig. 1 [Journal of Jishou University (Natural Science Edition) v. 38 (no. 2); ref. 35740] Small lake formed after a flash flood in a karst cave of Wenliu Village, Qiubei County, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype (unique): HRA 20151018001. . •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus convexiforeheadus Li, Yang & Li 2017. Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus convexiforeheadus Li, Yang & Li 2017. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

cookei, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:381, Fig. 41 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] Crocodile River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM 1074 [now at AMG]. •Synonym of Barbus marequensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:266 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

coolidgei, Cyclocheilichthys Smith [H. M.] 1945:144, Fig. 19 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Meping River at Chieng Mai [Chiengmai], northern Thailand. Holotype: MCZ 35519. Paratypes: MCZ 35521-22 (2, 10); USNM 118452-53 (1, 3). •Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys repasson (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:93 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys repasson (Bleeker 1853). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

coorgensis, Puntius Jayaram [K. C.] 1982:47, Fig. 1 [Matsya No. 7 [for 1981]; ref. 8467] Cauvery River at Bhagamandala, 33 km southwest of Mercara, Coorg District, Karnataka, India. Holotype: ZSI FF 1715. Paratypes: ZSI FF1716 (22). Also mentioned as new in Jayaram et al. 1982:111 [ref. 34179]. •Synonym of Puntius vittatus Day 1865 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:293 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Tor khudree (Sykes 1839) -- (Menon 1999:59 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Puntius coorgensis Jayaram 1982 -- (Yazdani & Singh 1994:109 [ref. 22067]). •Synonym of Oreichthys cosuatis (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:84 [ref. 24904], Knight 2014:5360 [ref. 33151]). •Valid as Oreichthys coorgensis (Jayaram 1982) -- (Knight & Kumar 2015:162 [ref. 33663], Bleher 2018:626 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Oreichthys coorgensis (Jayaram 1982). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Cauvery River basin, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

copleyae, Barbus •Nomen nudum, most likely in the synonymy of Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889 -- (Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •In the synonymy of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889) based on placement of oxyrhynchus. Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Torinae.

coreaceous, Cyprinus carpio Sweeney [Z. T.] 1902:57, Fig. [Biennial report of the commissioner of fisheries and game for Indiana. 1901-1902; ref. 27414] Indiana, U.S.A. No types known. No text description; only a figure with the name Cyprinus carpio coreaceous (Leather Carp). Probably a misspelling of Cyprinus coriaceus Lacepède 1803. •Apparently a misspelling, in the synonymy of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

coriaceus, Cyprinus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:489, 528 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Unneeded new name for Cyprinus nudus Bloch 1784. •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:56 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2013:94 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

cornigera, Garra Shangningam [B.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2015:264, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 26 (no. 3); ref. 34052] Sanalok River, Chindwin basin, Ukhrul district, Manipur, India, 24°52'N, 94°39'E. Holotype: MUMF 12061. Paratypes: MUMF. •Valid as Garra cornigera Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015 -- (Roni et al. 2017:374 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:134 [ref. 35625], Premananda et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35861], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749], Gong et al. 2018:380 [ref. 36379], Moyon & Arunkumar 2018:113 [ref. 36388], Roni et al. 2019:551 [ref. 36796], Rath et al. 2019:495 [ref. 36896]). Current status: Valid as Garra cornigera Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

cornutus, Lobocheilus Smith [H. M.] 1945:242, Fig. 44 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Klong Chawang, a mountain stream east of Bandon [=Surat Thani], Peninsular Thailand. Holotype: USNM 107957. Paratypes: USNM 108100 (1), 109773 (2), 117627 (3), 117636 (2), 119524 (7). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:8 [ref. 25088], Vilasri et al. 2018:51 [ref. 36451]. Genus should have been Lobocheilos. •Valid as Lobocheilos cornutus Smith 1945 -- (Doi 1997:7 [ref. 22832]). •Synonym of Lobocheilos rhabdoura (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 2001:59 [ref. 25780] with question, Kottelat 2013:121 [ref. 32989] with question, Ciccotto & Page 2016:882 [ref. 34946], Vilasri et al. 2018:51 [ref. 36451]). Current status: Synonym of Lobocheilos rhabdoura (Fowler 1934). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

cosuatis, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:338, 392 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Kosi River, Uttar Pradesh, India. No types known. •Valid as Puntius cosuatis (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:135 [ref. 24860]). •Valid as Oreichthys cosuatis (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:235 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:42 [ref. 23436], Menon 1999:84 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:154 [ref. 31338], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Shrestha 2008:74 [ref. 29923], Schäfer 2009:202 [ref. 30705], Kottelat 2013:133 [ref. 32989], Knight 2014:5357 [ref. 33151], Knight & Kumar 2015:166 [ref. 33663], Bleher 2018:628 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Oreichthys cosuatis (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Ganges and Brahmaputra River basins, Nepal, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

coswati, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1839:287 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Not available, name in synonymy. Cyprinidae.

cotio, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:339, 393, Pl. 39 (fig. 93) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Bengal. No types known. Spelled cotis on plate. •Valid as Labeo cotio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:36 [ref. 15970]). •Valid as Rohtee cotio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:107 [ref. 24860]). •Valid as Osteobrama cotio (Hamilton 1822), subspecies cotio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:64 [ref. 24904], Biju et al. 1999:481 [ref. 25439], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Shrestha 2008:75 [ref. 29923]). •Valid as Osteobrama cotio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:238 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:511 [ref. 23778], Banik & Choudhury 1996:579 [ref. 24736], Sen 1999:192 [ref. 24750], Rafique 2000:324 [ref. 25220], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:8 [ref. 27265], Ataur Rahman 2003:124 [ref. 31338], Vishwanath & Shanta Kumar 2007:2882 [ref. 29365], Jadhav et al. 2011:2078 [ref. 31547], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Maisnam et al. 2017:13 [ref. 35689], Dhanze & Dhanze 2018:476 [ref. 36414], Rahman et al. 2018:108 [ref. 36230], Singh et al. 2018:362 [ref. 35172], Bleher 2018:638 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Osteobrama cotio (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Indus River basin, Pakistan; Ganges and Brahmaputra River basins, India and Nepal, Barak-Meghna River basin, Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

cottesi, Barbus camptacanthus var. Pellegrin [J.] 1907:320 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 13 (no. 5); ref. 15165] Ivindo River, southern Cameroon. Syntypes: MNHN 1906-0315 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:31 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus holotaenia Boulenger 1904 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:249 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus miolepis Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:269 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius miolepis (Boulenger 1902) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417] as cotesi). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius miolepis (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

coubie, Labeo Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1832:11, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Fortsetzung der Beschreibung und Abbildung meherer neuer Fische; ref. 18643] Cairo market, Egypt. Lectotype: BMNH 1850.7.29.11. Paralectotypes: SMF 5397-5400 (4), 2569 (1). Lectotype selected by Reid 1985:149 [ref. 19189]. •Mention -- (Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477]). •Valid as Labeo coubie Rüppell 1832 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:308 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:147 [ref. 19189], Lévêque et al. 1989:117 [ref. 26480], Paugy & Bénech 1989:301 [ref. 26478], Paugy et al. 1990:1130 [ref. 19501], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:291 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367], Tshibwabwa 1997:366 [ref. 24617], Dankwa et al. 1999:26 [ref. 28023], Moritz 2007:55 [ref. 29304], Neumann et al. 2016:304 [ref. 35036], Moritz & Neumann 2017:32 [ref. 35181]). Current status: Valid as Labeo coubie Rüppell 1832. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

crassibarbis, Barbus Nagelkerke [L. A. J.] & Sibbing [F. A.] 1997:131, Fig. 5.6 [A revision of the large barbs; ref. 23829] Angara (locality 14), Lake Tana, Ethiopia (12°13'N, 37°18'E). Holotype: RMNH 32890. Paratypes: RMNH 32891-99 (9, 7 localities). •Valid as Barbus crassibarbis Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997 -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1998:5 [ref. 23807], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000:192 [ref. 24546]). •Valid as Labeobarbus crassibarbis (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997) -- (de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Nagelkerke et al. 2015:1198 [ref. 34084], Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus crassibarbis (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

crassilabris, Cyprinus (Cyprinus) Chen [H.-L.] & Huang [H.-Q.] 1977:419, Fig. 8-15 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 2; ref. 8497] Erh Hai, Yunnan Province, China. Syntypes: KIZ 646035-37 (1 ea.), 646045 (1), 646049 (1), 646054 (1), 646093 (1), 646283-84 (1, 1), 646286 (1), 646293 (1), 646308 (1), 646397 (1), 646557 (1), 646605 (1), 646627 (1), 646629-30 (1, 1), 646706-09 (1 ea.), 646735 (1). •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758, subspecies chilia Wu et al. 1963 -- (Yang 1991:198 [ref. 13585]). •Synonym of Cyprinus chilia Wu, Yang, Yue & Huang 1963 -- (Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:411 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:95 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:84 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus chilia Wu, Yang, Yue & Huang 1963. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

crassilabris, Diptychus Steindachner [F.] 1897:653 [508] [List of the reptiles, amphibians and fish of eastern Asia; ref. 19821] Sining-fu, China. Syntypes: (2) NMW 9345 (1). On p. 508 in German version. •Synonym of Diptychus pachycheilus (Herzenstein 1892) -- (Tsao 1964:177 [ref. 13501]). •Synonym of Gymnodiptychus pachycheilus Herzenstein 1892 -- (Wu & Wu 1992:439 [ref. 21205]). •Not treated in Zhang et al. 2016:118 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Synonym of Gymnodiptychus pachycheilus Herzenstein 1892. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Habitat: freshwater.

crassior, Carassius vulgarus Walecki [A.] 1889:16 [Pamiętnika Fizyograficznego, Warszawa v. 9; ref. 25869] Poland. Original not seen. Reference above is incorrect. •Synonym of Carassius carassius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Szczerbowski & Szczerbowski in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:44 [ref. 25856]). Current status: Synonym of Carassius carassius (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

crenuchoides, Oreichthys Schäfer [F.] 2009:202, Figs. 1-2, 6-10 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 30705] River Jorai, a tributary of Brahmaputra River, near border with Assam, 26°27'35"N, 89°46'24"E, Coochbehar District, West Bengal, India. Holotype: ZSM 35100. Paratypes: ZSM 35099 (11). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:255 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Oreichthys crenuchoides Schäfer 2009 -- (Knight 2014:5357 [ref. 33151], Knight & Kumar 2015:166 [ref. 33663], Bleher 2018:630 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Oreichthys crenuchoides Schäfer 2009. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: River Jorai, tributary of Brahmaputra River, West Bengal, India. Habitat: freshwater.

crenulatus, Discognathus Heckel [J. J.] 1847:262 [Reisen in Europa, Asien und Africa v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 2068] Confluents of Araks River and sources of Saadi and Kara-Agatsch rivers. Syntypes: NMW 53236-37 (14, 7). •Synonym of Garra rufa (Heckel 1843), but a valid subspecies crenulata (Heckel 1847) -- (Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:82 [ref. 8508]). •Synonym of Garra rufa (Heckel 1843) -- (Coad 1991:17 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:17 [ref. 23608], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391], Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:86 [ref. 34042], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:871 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2016:108 [ref. 34620], Esmaeili et al. 2017:47 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:28 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Synonym of Garra rufa (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

crescentus, Puntius Yazdani [G. M.] & Singh [D. F.] 1994:107, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 91 (pt 1); ref. 22067] Kalinadi at Sunderi, about 7 kilometers east of Karwar, Karnataka, southern India. Holotype: ZSI uncat. Paratypes: To be placed at ZSI (17). •Valid as Puntius crescentus Yazdani & Singh 1994 -- (Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Yadav 2003:12 [ref. 27711], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:73 [ref. 32071]). Current status: Valid as Puntius crescentus Yazdani & Singh 1994. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

crocodilensis, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:426, Figs. 15-16 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1419] Crocodile River, South Africa. Holotype: ANSP 54917. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:74 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Barbus argenteus Günther 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:228 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius argenteus (Günther 1868) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius argenteus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cryptolepis, Schizothorax Fu [T.-Y.] & Ye [M.-R.] 1984:165 (English p. 168), Fig. 1 [Zoological Research v. 5 (no. 2); ref. 8227] Yaan County, Sichuan, China. Holotype: Dept. Zool., Sichuan Agric. Coll. 6-0460. Paratypes: Dept. Zool., Sichuan Agric. Coll. 6-0457-0459 (3), 6-0461 (1), 6-0872-0874 (3), 6-0878 (1), 6-0881-0886 (6); Mus. Inst. Hydrobiol., Academia Sinica 6-0447-0448 (2), 6-0450-0451 (2), 6-0455 (1). •Valid as Schizothorax cryptolepis Fu & Ye 1984 -- (Ye & Fu in Ding 1994:374 [ref. 21531], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:203 [ref. 23556], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:299 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:122 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Schizothorax cryptolepis Fu & Ye 1984. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

cryptonemus, Placocheilus Cui [G.-H.] & Li [Z.-Y.] 1984:110 (English p. 112), Fig. 1 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 8236] Laowo, 25°51'N, 99°01'E, Yunlong County, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: KIZ 742035. Paratypes: KIZ (14). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:349 [ref. 32939]. Specific name is an undeclinable noun. •Valid as Garra cryptonemus (Cui & Li 1984) -- (Li et al. 2008:67 [ref. 29588], Lothongkham et al. 2014:552 [ref. 33283]). •Valid as Placocheilus cryptonemus Cui & Li 1984 -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:280 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:71 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:176 [ref. 23556], Yue & Chen 1998:136 [ref. 26415], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:267 [ref. 25272], Zheng et al. 2002:213 [ref. 27464], Zhang & Zhou 2012:24 [ref. 32322], Yang et al. 2012:366 [ref. 33458]). Current status: Valid as Placocheilus cryptonemus Cui & Li 1984. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

cryptopogon, Tylognathus Fowler [H. W.] 1935:125, Figs. 69-70 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 87; ref. 13881] Nam Poo Mountain, Pasak River, Petchabun, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 61273. Paratypes: ANSP 61274-82 (9). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:8 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:74 [ref. 13621]. Simultaneous synonym of melanotaenia, preference given to cryptopogon by Kottelat 2001:59. •Valid as Henicorhynchus cryptopogon (Fowler 1935) -- (Rainboth 1996:111 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Lobocheilos cryptopogon (Fowler 1935) -- (Doi 1997:7 [ref. 22832] as cryptopogopon). •Questionably a synonym of Lobocheilos melanotaenia (Fowler 1935) -- (Kottelat 2001:59 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Gymnostomus cryptopogon (Fowler 1935) -- (Kottelat 2013:108 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Henicorhynchus cryptopogon (Fowler 1935). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

culiciphaga, Hemigrammocapoeta Pellegrin [J.] 1927:34 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 52 (for 1927); ref. 5042] Adana, Asia Minor [Turkey]. Syntypes: BMNH 1927.5.7.7 (1), MNHN 1926-0396 (6), MSNM 27 [ex MSNM 4411 and ex MNHN] (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:45 [ref. 19574], Conci & Michelangeli 1974:224 [ref. 21560]. •Valid as Hemigrammocapoeta culiciphaga Pellegrin 1927 -- (Küçük et al. 2015:364 [ref. 34064], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151]). •Valid as Garra culiciphaga (Pellegrin 1927) -- (Hamidan et al. 2014:234 [ref. 33626], Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:197 [ref. 34083], Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805], Yoğurtçuoğlu et al. 2018:287 [ref. 36205]). Current status: Valid as Garra culiciphaga (Pellegrin 1927). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Turkey. Habitat: freshwater.

cumingii, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:155 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Sri Lanka. Syntypes: (at least 11) BMNH. 1852.2.19.138-139 (2), 1859.5.31.44-45 (5); ZMB 4834 (2), 6303 (1). Based on Puntius phutunio of Bleeker 1864: 12, Pl. 4 (fig. 4) (not of Hamilton) and specimens. •Valid as Puntius cumingii (Günther 1868) -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:100 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:267 [ref. 20764], Vishwanath & Laisram 2004:135 [ref. 27863] as cumingi, Kullander & Fang 2005:297 [ref. 28193], Silva et al. 2008:62 [ref. 29719], Kullander & Britz 2008:61 [ref. 29861], Meegaskumbura et al. 2008:150 [ref. 29872], Knight et al. 2012:2414 [ref. 31841]). •Valid as Pethia cumingii (Günther 1868) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:81 [ref. 32071], Katwate et al. 2014:244 [ref. 33433], Katwate et al. 2014:213 [ref. 33571], Batuwita et al. 2015:580 [ref. 33714]). Current status: Valid as Pethia cumingii (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

cunma, Abramis Tickell [S. R.] in Day 1888:807 [The fishes of India Suppl.; ref. 1082] Not available, manuscript name mentioned under Abramis cunma. Cyprinidae.

cunma, Rohtee Day [F.] (ex Tickell) 1888:807 [The fishes of India Suppl.; ref. 1082] Moulmein, Myanmar. No types known. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762]. We assume Day revised the description in his style and may have taken information from the figure rather than quoting directly from Tickell. •Synonym of Osteobrama cotio (Hamilton 1822), but a valid subspecies -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:239 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:65 [ref. 24904], Biju et al. 1999:481 [ref. 25439], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Vishwanath & Shanta Kumar 2007:2882 [ref. 29365], Jadhav et al. 2011:2080 [ref. 31547]). •Valid as Osteobrama cunma (Day 1888) -- (Kottelat 2013:134 [ref. 32989], Maisnam et al. 2017:13 [ref. 35689], Dhanze & Dhanze 2018:476 [ref. 36414], Rahman et al. 2018:116 [ref. 36230], Singh et al. 2018:362 [ref. 35172]). Current status: Valid as Osteobrama cunma (Day 1888). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Chindwin River drainage (Manipur) and Barak River drainage (Tripura), India and Chindwin and Irrawaddy basins, Myanmar (possibly Bangladesh). Habitat: freshwater.

cura, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:284, 386 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Rivers of Bengal, India. No types known. Spelled Cyprinus cora by Gray 1835: Pl. 95 (fig. 2) [ref. 1878]. Simultaneous subjective synonymy of bata, first revisor (Day 1877:542) gave precedence to bata. Simultaneous subjective synonym of acra Hamilton 1822; first revisor Bleekeer 1853:13 gave precedence to acra. •Synonym of Labeo bata (Hamilton 1922) -- (Kottelat 2013:115 [ref. 32989]), Current status: Synonym of Labeo bata (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

curchius, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:289, 387 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Fresh waters of Bengal, India. No types known. •Status uncertain -- (see Coad 1981:11 [ref. 22348]). •Valid as Labeo curchius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:115 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Labeo curchius (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

curmuca, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1807:344, Pl. 30 [A journey from Madras through the countries of Mysore, Canara, and Malabar v. 3; ref. 18859] Neotype locality: Holehoddu, Tunga River, India. Neotype: ZSI/SRC F 8748. As carmuca in text (p. 344) and as Curmuca on Pl. 30; first reviser not researched. Also in Hamilton 1822:294 [ref. 2031]. Neotype designated by Knight et al. 2013:210 [ref. 33021]. •Valid as Gonoproktopterus curmuca (Hamilton 1807) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:187 [ref. 20764], Jayaram 1997:52 [ref. 23452], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Yadav 2003:12 [ref. 27711], Gopalakrishnan et al. 2004:686 [ref. 28696]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus curmuca (Hamilton 1807) -- (Menon & Rema Devi 1995:391 [ref. 22480], Vairavel et al. 1998:130 [ref. 24987], Menon 1999:75 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359], Arunachalam et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32222], Knight et al. 2013:204 [ref. 33021], Arunachalam et al. 2014:74 [ref. 33598], Arunachalam et al. 2016:2 [ref. 34181], Arunachalam et al. 2016:105 [ref. 34190], Arunachalam et al. 2016:76 [ref. 34522], Arunachalam et al. 2016:77 [ref. 34553], Knight et al. 2016:325 [ref. 34872], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:558 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Hypselobarbus curmuca (Hamilton 1807). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Western Ghats, Karnataka, India. Habitat: freshwater.

curriei, Labeo Fowler [H. W.] 1919:236, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 56 (no. 2294); ref. 15209] St. Paul River, Liberia. Holotype: USNM 48512. Paratypes: USNM 48513 (3). •Valid as Labeo curriei Fowler 1919 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:309 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:166 [ref. 19189], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:294 [ref. 21589]). •Questionably valid as Labeo curriei Fowler 1919 -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:117 [ref. 26480]). •Mention -- (Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477]). Current status: Valid as Labeo curriei Fowler 1919. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

cursa, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:290, 387 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Fresh water rivers and ponds in the south of Bengal, India. No types known. Cyprinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

cursis, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:292, 387 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Kosi River of northern Behar, India. No types known. Cyprinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

curtus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:165 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 4 (fasc. 2); ref. 15086] Lake Moero [Lake Mweru], Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 14172. •Synonym of Barbus stappersii Boulenger 1915 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:288 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus stappersii (Boulenger 1915) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus stappersii (Boulenger 1915). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

curvifrons, Schizothorax Heckel [J. J.] 1838:25, Pl. 3 [Fische aus Caschmir; ref. 2063] Kashmir. Syntypes: NMW 9020 (1). •Valid as Schizocypris curvifrons (Heckel 1838) -- (Rafique 2000:324 [ref. 25220]). •Valid as Schizothoraichthys curvifrons (Heckel 1838) -- (Tilak 1987:120 [ref. 23969], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:402 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:110 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:30 [ref. 25662], Shrestha 2008:106 [ref. 29923]). •Valid as Schizothorax curvifrons Heckel 1838 -- (Tsao 1964:152 [ref. 13501], Kullander et al. 1999:124 [ref. 23689]). •Valid as Schizopyge curvifrons (Heckel 1838) -- (Mirza & Afridi 2002:172 [ref. 26429], Mirza 2003:11 [ref. 27265]). Current status: Valid as Schizopyge curvifrons (Heckel 1838). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: Asia: Nepal, India and Pakistan; also Kashmir and Afganistan. Habitat: freshwater.

curvilabiata, Racoma (Schizopyge) Wu [?] & Tsao [W.-X.] in Wu & Wu 1992:384 [English p. 592], Fig. 100 [The fishes of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau; ref. 21205] Medog and Chayü (Zayü) counties of Xizang Autonomous Region [Tibet], lower reaches of Yerlung Zangbo river, China. Syntypes: (66) NPIB? 338-74 (37), 380-84 (5), 406-12 (7), 414 (1), 290-94 (5), 778012 (1), 778092-96 (5), 778128-31 (4). •Valid as Racoma curvilabiata Wu & Tsao 1992 -- (Zhu 1995:547 [ref. 25213]). •Valid as Schizothorax curvilabiatus (Wu & Tsao 1992) -- (Zhang et al. 1995:85 [ref. 22734], Zhang et al. 2016:122 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Schizothorax curvilabiatus (Wu & Tsao 1992). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

cuvieri, Carassius Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:194, 195, Pl. 98 (figs. 3, 3a-b) [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 2386. Paralectotypes: (19) RMNH 2382-85 (7, 2, 3, 1), ?2386 (1). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:155 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Sawada in Masuda et al. 1984:58 [ref. 6441], Zhou in Chu & Chen 1989:352 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:99, 203 [ref. 25213]). •Valid as Carassius cuvieri Temminck & Schlegel 1846 -- (Okamura & Machida 1987:101 [ref. 22279], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:346 [ref. 25598], Kim 1997:509 [ref. 24032], Watanabe 1998:262 [ref. 23491], Nakabo 2000:253 [ref. 25086], Matsuura et al. 2000:73 [ref. 26000], Sakai et al. 2001:87 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:253 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:157, 501 [ref. 26218], Kalous et al. 2012:11 [ref. 32063], Rylková et al. 2018:[6] [ref. 35881]). Current status: Valid as Carassius cuvieri Temminck & Schlegel 1846. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: freshwater.

cuvieri, Dangila Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:230, Pl. 470 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3851. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:13 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Dangila cuvieri Valenciennes 1842 -- (Roberts 1989:38 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Labiobarbus leptocheilus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1994:320 [ref. 22596], Kottelat 2001:58 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:118 [ref. 32989]). •See Rainboth 1996:109 [ref. 22772]. Current status: Synonym of Labiobarbus leptocheilus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

cuvierii, Cirrhinus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:304 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Unneeded new name for Dangila leschenaultii Valenciennes 1842. •Synonym of Cirrhinus cirrhosus (Bloch 1795) -- (Menon 1999:121 [ref. 24904] as cauverii, Kottelat 2013:88 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cirrhinus cirrhosus (Bloch 1795). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

cyanomelas, Rohita Bleeker [P.] 1852:597 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 334] Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 12288 [ex RMNH 6994]. •Synonym of Morulius chrysophekadion (Bleeker 1849) -- (Roberts 1989:45 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Labeo chrysophekadion (Bleeker 1850) -- (Kottelat 2013:114 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo chrysophekadion (Bleeker 1849). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

cyanopareja, Cyrene Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1025 [35] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Philippines (doubtful says Kottelat 2013). Holotype (unique): NMW 10814. On p. 35 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Questionably a synonym of Osteochilus vittatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:136 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteochilus vittatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

cyclolepis, Barbus Heckel [J. J.] 1839:155 [Annalen des Wiener Museums der Naturgeschichte v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 2079] Philippopolis [now Plovdiv], Maritza River, eastern Rumelia, Balkan region of Bulgaria. Lectotype: NMW 54734. Paralectotypes: NMW 54736 (5). Also refered to as Barbus communis, Varietas cyclolepis on p. 155. Lectotype selected by Economidis & Bogutskaya in Banarescu & Bogutskaya 2003:181, 193 [ref. 27353]. •Synonym of Barbus plebeius Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lelek 1987:163 [ref. 22962] as plebejus). •Valid as Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1839 [sometimes as a subspecies as well] -- (Coad 1991:23 [ref. 15702], Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952], Bianco 1998:132 [ref. 23811], Pehlivanov 2000:47 [ref. 25202], Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:174 [ref. 25489], Economidis & Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:181 [ref. 27353] as a valid subspecies, Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:167 [ref. 28369] dated 1840, Stoumboudi et al. 2006:131 [ref. 28767], Fricke et al. 2007:32 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:124 [ref. 29996], Turan et al. 2009:16 [ref. 29999], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Barbieri et al. 2015:46 [ref. 35029] dated 1837, Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Özuluğ & Saç 2019:26 [ref. 36599]). Current status: Valid as Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1839. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eastern Europe: Aegean Sea and Black Sea basins. Habitat: freshwater.

cyclopinnis, Labeo Nichols [J. T.] & Griscom [L.] 1917:690, Fig. 8 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 37 (art. 25); ref. 3185] Kisangani, Democratic Republic of Congo, 0°33'N, 24°14'E. Holotype: AMNH 6296. Paratypes: (4) MRAC 15613 (1). •Synonym of Labeo barbatus Boulenger 1898 -- (Reid 1985:172 [ref. 19189]). •Valid as Labeo cyclopinnis Nichols & Griscom 1917 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:309 [ref. 6186], Tshibwabwa 1997:439 [ref. 24617]). Current status: Valid as Labeo cyclopinnis Nichols & Griscom 1917. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

cyclorhynchus, Labeo Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:98, Pl. 40 (fig. 1) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 5); ref. 589] Kinshasa, Stanley Pool, Lower Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo, 4°15'N, 15°25'E. Holotype (unique): MRAC 865. •Valid as Labeo cyclorhynchus Boulenger 1899 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:309 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:138 [ref. 19189], Tshibwabwa & Teugels 1995:1567 [ref. 27895], Tshibwabwa 1997:446 [ref. 24617], Tshibwabwa et al. 2006:33 [ref. 28698]). Current status: Valid as Labeo cyclorhynchus Boulenger 1899. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

cyclostomata, Garra Mai [D. Y.] 1978:56, Fig. 23 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Fast-running creeks in northern Vietnam. Syntypes: DVZUT. Original genus should have been Garra, instead was Gara •Status uncertain -- (Kottelat 1998:35 [ref. 23436]). •Synonym of Garra poilanei Petit & Tchang 1933 -- (Kottelat 2001:25 [ref. 25482]). •Tentatively valid as Garra cyclostomata Mai 1978 -- (Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra cyclostomata Mai 1978. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Red RIver basin, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

cylindricus, Labeo (Varicorhinus) Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1852:684 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1852; ref. 18539] Zambezi River, Tette [Tete], Mozambique. Lectotype: ZMB 3282. Paralectotypes: NMW 53533 (1), ZMB 3280-81 (1, 1). Also in Peters 1868:47, Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [ref. 3440]. Lectotype selected by Reid 1985:214 [ref. 19189]. •Valid as Labeo cylindricus Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:310 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:213 [ref. 19189], Skelton 1993:184 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1996:150 [ref. 23725], Tshibwabwa 1997:451 [ref. 24617], Skelton 2001:184 [ref. 27406], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059], Seegers et al. 2003:34 [ref. 28087], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111], Seegers 2008:185 [ref. 29830], Marshall 2011:114 [ref. 31755], Bruton et al. 2018:39 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeo cylindricus Peters 1852. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

cyphotergous, Gibbibarbus Dai [D.-Y.] 1988:88, Fig. 27, plus additional fig. [Guizhou expe '86: Première expedition speleologique; ref. 22508] Hongshuihe River, Zhujiang River basin, Dajing Village, Bianyang Town, Luodian County, Guizhou Province, China. ca. 25°37'N, 107°05'E. Neotype: ASIZB 204678. Neotype designated by Huang et al. 2017:1484 [ref. 35602]. •Valid as Gibbibarbus cyphotergous Dai 1988 -- (Wang et al. 1995:166 [ref. 31356]). •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus cyphotergous (Dai 1988) -- (Chen et al. 1997:220 [ref. 23733], Kottelat & Bréhier 1999:356 [ref. 24929] as cyphotergus, Shan et al. in Yue 2000:79 [ref. 25272], Romero & Paulson 2001:18 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:72 [ref. 28992], Zhao & Zhang 2006:773 [ref. 31176], Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522], Zhao et al. 2011:1551 [ref. 31493], Zheng et al. 2012:x [ref. 32676], Ma & Zhao 2012:109 [ref. 34891], Chen et al. 2016:7 [ref. 34372], Zhang et al. 2016:99 [ref. 34477], Luo et al. 2016:650 [ref. 35992], Huang et al. 2017:1483 [ref. 35602]). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus cyphotergous (Dai 1988). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Hongshuihe River, Zhujiang River basin, Guizhou, China. Habitat: freshwater.

cypris, Cyprinion Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1067 [77] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Tigris River, Mossul, Iraq. Syntypes: NMW 52800 (1), 52804 (10), 59508 (1, dry); SMF 849 [ex NMW in 1844] (1). Illustrated by Heckel 1843, Pl. 7 (fig. 3) [ref. 2067]. On p. 77 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Synonym of Cyprinion kais Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1991:17 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:16 [ref. 23608], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:870 [ref. 34062]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinion kais Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cyrano, Garra Kottelat [M.] 2000:41, Fig. 6 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 25040] Nam Leuk, about 500 meters downstream of Thad Leuk waterfall, 18°23'34"N, 103°04'17"E, Vientiane Province, Laos. Holotype: ZRC 45303. Paratypes: CMK 13288 (4), LARRI uncat. (2), ZRC 45304 (1). •Valid as Garra cyrano Kottelat 2000 -- (Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780], Zhang & Chen 2002:462 [ref. 26897], Zhang 2005:13 [ref. 28349], Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:117 [ref. 33006], Vilasri et al. 2014:24 [ref. 33693], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Yu et al. 2016:299 [ref. 34494], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra cyrano Kottelat 2000. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Mekong River basin and Nam Theun: Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

cyri, Barbus Berg [L. S.] 1932:444, Fig. 372 [Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. Part 1; ref. 278] Original not seen. •Apparently the same as Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865. Current status: Synonym of Barbus. Cyprinidae: Barbinae.

cyri, Barbus De Filippi [F.] 1865:358 [Note di un viaggio in Persia nel 1862; ref. 13943] Kura River near Tiflis, Georgia, Eurasia. Holotype (unique): MZUT 690. •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843, but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1949:693 [ref. 20661], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Gabrielyan 2001:26 [ref. 25867]). •Synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837, but a valid subspecies -- (Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:91 [ref. 8508]). •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:251 [ref. 27353], Esmaeili et al. 2010:368 [ref. 33391]). •Valid as Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:866 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Khaefi et al. 2017:40 [ref. 35140], Esmaeili et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35254], Khaefi et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35344], Esmaeili et al. 2018:17 [ref. 36089], Turan et al. 2018:542 [ref. 36092], Levin et al. 2019:33 [ref. 36643]). Current status: Valid as Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southern Caspian Sea basin: Kura and Aras (Araks) River systems, Lake Urmia and Transcaspian Atrek basins, Turkey to Azerbaijan, and Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

daduensis, Onychostoma Ding [R.-H.] 1994:336 [English p. 610], Fig. 254 [The fishes of Sichuan, China; ref. 21531] Dadu River, Ebian County, Sichuan, China. Holotype: MSINR 75015. Paratypes: MSINR 00437 (1), 75010 (1), 80101 (1), 82018 (1), 82024 (1), 82142 (1). •Valid as Onychostoma daduensis Ding 1994 -- (Shan et al. in Yue 2000:140 [ref. 25272], Xin et al. 2009:261 [ref. 30708], Hoang et al. 2015:123 [ref. 33811], Zhang et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Onychostoma daduense Ding 1994. Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

daga, Barbus platystomus Bini [G.] 1940:171, Pl. 8 [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Syntypes: (9) lost. Subspecific name spelled Dagà originally. Referred to on p. 172 as Barbus dagà. Name appears first on p. 161. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Not collected -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:146 [ref. 23829]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dageti, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1958:11 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 310; ref. 1470] Karaj River, 30 kilometers from Teheran, Iran. Syntypes: (3) whereabouts unknown. Replacement name for Barbus kessleri Derjavin 1929, secondarily preoccupied in Barbus by Puntius kessleri Steindachner 1866. •Synonym of Barbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dageti, Garra waterloti var. Monod [T.] 1950:981, Figs. 3, 6 [Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire v. 12 (no. 4); ref. 12902] Markala, French Sudan. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1950-0076. Non-types: BMNH 1952.12.31.12-17 (6). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:269 [ref. 20870]. •Synonym of Garra ornata (Nichols & Griscom 1917) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:303 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Garra waterloti (Pellegrin 1935) -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:285 [ref. 21589]). Current status: Synonym of Garra waterloti (Pellegrin 1935). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

dai, Laichowcypris Nguyen [V. H.] & Doan [L. H.] 1969:10, Fig. 1 in ref. 29795 [Some data on composition, origin, and distribution of cyprinid species in northern Vietnam; ref. 25483] River Song Da [Da River] between Lai Chau and Hoa Binh, Vietnam. Lectotype: RIAH 1016. Paralectotypes: (9) some in RIAH. Laichowcypris day Mai 1978 is the same species. See Kottelat 2001:113, 116 [ref. 25482] for availability issues. See Nguyen & Doan 2008 [ref. 29793] for an English translation of ref. 25483. Lectotype selected by Roberts & Catania 2008:89 [ref. 29794]. •Valid as Cyprinus dai (Nguyen & Doan 1969) -- (Kottelat 2001:21 [ref. 25482], Roberts & Catania 2008:94 [ref. 29794]. Kottelat 2013:95 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinus dai (Nguyen & Doan 1969). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

dainellii, Barbus Bini [G.] 1940:175, Pl. 11 [+ Fig. on p. 176] [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] South Dek (locality 27), Lake Tana, Ethiopia (11°52'N, 37°14'E). Neotype: RMNH 32900. Original 6 syntypes lost, neotype designated by Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:132 [ref. 23829]. Name appears first on p. 161. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus dainellii Bini 1940 -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:132 [ref. 23829], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1998:5 [ref. 23807], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000:205 [ref. 24546], de Graaf et al. 2000:7 [ref. 25061]). •Valid as Labeobarbus dainellii (Bini 1940) -- (de Graaf et al. 2010:342 [ref. 34085], Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus dainellii (Bini 1940). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

dainellii, Schizothorax Vinciguerra [D.] 1916:136 [14], Pl. 5 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 47; ref. 21469] Indo River, Scardu, Tibet, elevation 2300 meters. Holotype (unique): MSNG 17487. Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:186-187 [ref. 10343]. Page 14 of separate. •Valid as Schizopyge dainellii (Vinciguerra 1916) -- (Mirza & Afridi 2002:172 [ref. 26429], Mirza 2003:11 [ref. 27265]). •Valid as Oreinus dainellii (Vinciguerra 1916). Current status: Valid as Oreinus dainellii (Vinciguerra 1916). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: Asia: Pakistan, Tibet. Habitat: freshwater.

daliensis, Barbodes (Barbodes) Wu [H.-W.] & Lin [R.-D.] in Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen & He 1977:251, Fig. 7-11 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 2; ref. 4807] Xiaguan, China. Syntypes: WIH 122090028-29 (2). Appeared as a new name for Barbus gregori Norman 1923 (preoccupied), Barbus yunnanensis Fowler 1958 (preoccupied) and misidentifications as Barbus cogginii (not of Chaudhuri 1911). The species gregorii was replaced by yunnanensis (itself preoccupied). However, both preoccupied names were replaced by Barbus susanae Banister 1973 before Wu et al. The Code does not provide for simultaneous replacement of two names at one time. Treat as a validly described species in its own right. •Valid as Barbodes daliensis Wu & Lin 1977 -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:200 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:56 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:151 [ref. 23556], Chen et al. 1999:84 [ref. 23883], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:35 [ref. 25272], Chen & Chen 2001:148 [ref. 25461]). •Valid as Poropuntius daliensis (Wu & Lin 1977) -- (Zhang & Fang 2005:61 [ref. 28089], Zhang et al. 2016:95 [ref. 34477] dated 1982). •Synonym of Poropuntius cogginii (Chaudhuri 1912) -- (Roberts 1998:112 [ref. 23549], Kottelat 2013:143 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Poropuntius cogginii (Chaudhuri 1911). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

daliensis, Cyprinus (Cyprinus) yunnanensis Chen [H.-L.] & Huang [H.-Q.] 1977:426, Fig. 8-21 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 2; ref. 8497] Erh Hai, Yunnan Province, China. Syntypes: KIZ 646002 (1), 646004-06 (1 ea.), 646008 (1), 646010 (1), 646113 (1), 646260 (1), 646276 (1), 646279 (1), 646281 (1), 646481 (1), 646530-31 (1, 1), 646534 (1), 646536 (1), 646743-47 (1 ea.), 646749-54 (1 ea.) •Valid as Cyprinus daliensis Chen & Huang 1977 -- (Zhou in Chu & Chen 1989:347 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:99 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:257 [ref. 23556], Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:423 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:95 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:84 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinus daliensis Chen & Huang 1977. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

damascinus, Gobio Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:314, Pl. 482 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Damascus, Syria. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-4494. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-3947 (1, dry), 0000-3948 (1, dry), ?A-789 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:43 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Krupp & Schneider 1989:365 [ref. 13651]. •Valid as Capoeta damascina (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Goren 1974:88 [ref. 7502], Krupp & Schneider 1989:365 [ref. 13651], Coad 1991:15 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:14 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:4 [ref. 23831], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Turan et al. 2006:154 [ref. 28700], Fricke et al. 2007:35 [ref. 29533], Özuluğ & Freyhof 2008:293 [ref. 29981], Coad 2010:150 [ref. 36620], Esmaeili et al. 2010:368 [ref. 33391], Levin et al. 2012:545 [ref. 33912], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:868 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2015:120 [ref. 35030], Çiçek et al. 2015:143 [ref. 35151], Zareian et al. 2016:71 [ref. 34282], Alwan et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34334], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2016:169 [ref. 34989], Alwan et al. 2016:17 [ref. 35686], Esmaeili et al. 2017:40 [ref. 35254], Turan et al. 2017:437 [ref. 35330], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2017:153 [ref. 35538]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta damascina (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Levant, Mesopotamia and southeastern Anatolia: Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

dampaensis, Garra Lalronunga [S.], Lalnuntluanga [no initials] & Lalramliana [no initials] 2013:4369, Images 1- 2 [Journal of Threatened Taxa v. 5 (no. 9); ref. 32715] Seling River, tributary to Khawthlang Tuipui (Karnaphuti River) in the vicinity of Damparengpui, Mizoram, India, 23°40'51"N, 92°22'35"E. Holotype: PUCMF 12001. Paratypes: PUCMF 12002 (10), 12003 (2), 12004 (3). •Valid as Garra dampaensis Lalronunga, Lalnuntluanga & Lalramliana 2013 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:375 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Deng et al. 2018:104 [ref. 36132], Moyon & Arunkumar 2018:113 [ref. 36388], Arunkumar & Moyon 2019:290 [ref. 36801]). Current status: Valid as Garra dampaensis Lalronunga, Lalnuntluanga & Lalramliana 2013. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Karnaphuli River basin, Mizoram, India. Habitat: freshwater.

daos, Sinilabeo tonkinensis Nguyen [V. H.] in Nguyen & Ngo 2001:495, Fig. 251 [Freshwater fishes of Viet Nam. Volume I. Family Cyprinidae v. 1; ref. 28301] Sông Dà, Lai Chau, Viêt Nam. Holotype: VNCNTTS I: H.01.92.10.01. Paratypes: VNCNTTS I: H.01.92.10.02 (3). •Synonym of Sinilabeo tonkinensis (Pellegrin & Chevey 1934), but a valid subspecies daos Nguyen 2001. •Synonym of Bangana tonkinensis (Pellegrin & Chevey 1934) -- (Kottelat 2013:76 [ref. 32989] with question). •Valid as Vinalabeo daos (Nguyen 2001) -- (Nguyen et al. 2016:143 [ref. 35165]). •Possibly valid as Altigena daos (Nguyen 2001). Current status: Valid as Altigena daos (Nguyen 2001). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Dà river basin, Lai Châu, Son La, Hoà Bình and part of Yên Lai Provinces, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

darlingi, Labeo Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:13, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1902, v. 2 (pt 1) (art. 2); ref. 14842] Mazoe River, Zambesi system, near Salisbury [17°30'S, 31°03'E], Zimbabwe. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1902.2.12.147. •Valid as Labeo darlingi Boulenger 1902 -- (Reid 1985:219 [ref. 19189]). •Synonym of Labeo cylindricus Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:310 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:150 [ref. 23725]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo cylindricus Peters 1852. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

dartevellei, Barbus Poll [M.] 1945:299, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 38 (nos 3-4); ref. 13150] Matadi, Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo (±5°49'S, 13°27'E). Holotype (unique): MRAC 47781. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:27 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus dartevellei Poll 1945 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:241 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius dartevellei (Poll 1945) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694]). •Valid as Labeobarbus dartevellei (Poll 1945) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus dartevellei (Poll 1945). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

daruphani, Puntius (Barbodes) Smith [H. M.] 1934:312 [Journal of the Siam Society, Natural History Supplement v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 4052] Meping River at Raheng, central Thailand. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:12 [ref. 25088]. Mention in Barbus -- (Kottelat 1984:805 [ref. 11440]). •Synonym of Hypsibarbus wetmorei (Smith 1931) -- (Rainboth 1996:122 [ref. 22681], Rainboth 1996:97 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 2001:57 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:113 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsibarbus wetmorei (Smith 1931). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

daukesi, Scaphiodon Zugmayer [E.] 1912:596 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 10 (no. 60); ref. 14897] Irrigation channels and pools near Panjgur, Baluchistan, Pakistan. Syntypes: NMW 19784 [ex ZSM] (1); ?ZSI F8028/1 [ex ZSM] (1), F8032/1 [ex ZSM] (1); ZSM [old collection] (orig. 10) destroyed in WW II. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:117 [ref. 20743], Neumann 2006:273 [ref. 28925]. •Synonym of Cyprinion milesi (Day 1880) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:181 [ref. 20764], Coad 1995:16 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:4 [ref. 23831]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinion milesi (Day 1880). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

davidi, Paratylognathus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:227 [17] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3888] Szechuan, China. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6282. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:56 [ref. 19574]. On p. 17 of separate. •Valid as Racoma davidi (Sauvage 1880) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:317 [ref. 21205]). •Valid as Schizothorax davidi (Sauvage 1880) -- (Tsao 1964:152 [ref. 13501], Ye & Fu in Ding 1994:379 [ref. 21531], Zhang et al. 1995:89 [ref. 22734], Yang & Chen 1995:91 [ref. 23555], Zhu 1995:88 [ref. 25213], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:221 [ref. 23556], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:328 [ref. 25272], Tang et al. 2001:13 [ref. 25373], Zhang et al. 2016:122 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Schizothorax davidi (Sauvage 1880). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

davisi, Tylognathus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:208, Figs. 179-180 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Mekong River at Kemrat [Kemarat], Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 68201. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:8 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:74 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Lobocheilos davisi (Fowler 1937) -- (Rainboth 1996:113 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:7 [ref. 22832]). •Questionably a synonym of Lobocheilos melanotaenia (Fowler 1935) -- (Kottelat 2001:59 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Lobocheilos rhabdoura (Fowler 1934) -- (Ciccotto & Page 2016:882 [ref. 34946]). Current status: Synonym of Lobocheilos rhabdoura (Fowler 1934). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

day, Laichowcypris Mai [D. Y.] (ex Hao & Hoa) 1978:28 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Rivers of northwestern Vietnam, south to Dà River, Hòa-Bìììinh. Syntypes: DVZUT. Apparently unavailable from Hao & Hoa 1969 according to Kottelat 1989:1102 [ref. 14361], but Kottelat 2001 [ref. 25482] reversed this interpretation and dated to Nguyen & Doan [= Hao & Hoa] 1969. •See account of Laichowcypris dai Nguyen & Doan 1969. Current status: Uncertain as Cyprinus dai (Nguyen & Doan 1969). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

dayi, Rohtee Hora [S. L.] & Misra [K. S.] 1940:162 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 42 (no. 1); ref. 17238] Godavari River, Andhra Pradesh, India. Syntypes: ZSI F2698 (3). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:116 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:360 [ref. 27706] dated 1941. •Synonym of Osteobrama cotio (Hamilton 1822), but a valid subspecies -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:240 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Osteobrama vigorsii (Sykes 1839) -- (Menon 1999:66 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Osteobrama vigorsii (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dayi, Schizothorax Herzenstein [S. M.] 1889:161, Pl. 13 (fig. 2) [Zoologischer Theil, St. Petersburg v. 3 (2 abt.) (2); ref. 2148] Lob-Nor Lake, central Asia. Holotype (unique): ZIN 7294 (lost ?). •Synonym of Racoma esocina (Heckel 1838) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:347 [ref. 21205]). •Synonym of Schizothorax biddulphi Günther 1876 -- (Tsao 1964:160 [ref. 13501], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:315 [ref. 25272]). Current status: Synonym of Schizothorax biddulphi Günther 1876. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dayi, Semiplotus Fowler [H. W.] 1958:11 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 310; ref. 1470] River near Gwadur [Gwadar], Baluchistan, Pakistan; Trál, Afganistan. Syntypes: (1 described, plus 2) whereabouts unknown. Based on Scaphiodon aculeatus of Day 1880:227 [ref. 14278]. •Synonym of Capoeta capoeta (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:160 [ref. 20764]). •In genus Capoeta -- (Coad & Krupp 1994:71 [ref. 23605]). •Synonym of Cyprinion watsoni (Day 1872) -- (Coad 1995:16 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:4 [ref. 23831]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinion watsoni (Day 1872). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

deauratus, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:188 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Cochinchina, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-2727. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:26 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Acrossocheilus deauratus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Datta & Karmakar 1984:170 [ref. 8167], Vu & Nguyen 1997:27 [ref. 26438]). •Valid as Poropuntius deauratus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Lim et al. 1990:38 [ref. 16753], Rainboth 1996:98 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Roberts 1998:109 [ref. 23549], Ng & Tan 1999:354 [ref. 24159], Kottelat 2000:45 [ref. 25040], Kottelat 2013:144 [ref. 32989], Muhammad-Rasul et al. 2018:336 [ref. 36118]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius deauratus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Mekong River basin, southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

deccanensis, Puntius Yazdani [G. M.] & Babu Rao [M.] 1976:171, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 73 (pt 1); ref. 7403] Nalla near Katraj tank, 13 kilometers south of Poona, Maharashtra, western India. Holotype: ZSI. Paratypes: ZSI (2). See Das 2003:360 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Puntius fraseri (Hora & Misra 1938) -- (Menon 1999:94 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Puntius deccanensis Yazdani & Babu Rao 1976 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:267 [ref. 20764], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Yadav 2003:12 [ref. 27711]). Current status: Valid as Puntius deccanensis Yazdani & Babu Rao 1976. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

decioi, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1958:12 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 310; ref. 1470] Buta, Congo. Syntypes: MSNG 26477 (1). Unneeded replacement name for Barbus nicholsi Vinciguerra 1928, preoccupied by Myers 1924, but already replaced by Barbus treadwelli Pellegrin 1933. •Synonym of Barbus miolepis Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:269 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius miolepis (Boulenger 1902) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius miolepis (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

decipiens, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:492 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 19 (no. 114) (art. 57); ref. 15134] Africa. Syntypes: BMNH (81 spec., 13 localities). •Synonym of Barbus trimaculatus Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:293 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius trimaculatus (Peters 1852) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius trimaculatus (Peters 1852). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

decorus, Labeo Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1881:1031, Unnumbered plate fig. 2 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1880; ref. 3456] Hong Kong. Syntypes: ZMB 11323 (1). •Valid as Sinilabeo decorus (Peters 1881) -- (Wu et al. 1977:337 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:255 [ref. 13584], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:169 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:65 [ref. 25213], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:180 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Sinilabeo decorus (Peters 1881), subspecies decorus (Peters 1881) -- (Zheng et al. 1989:199 [ref. 21202]). •Valid as Bangana decora (Peters 1881) -- (Zhang & Chen 2006:51 [ref. 28775], Liu & Zhou 2009:66 [ref. 30000], Zhang et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34477], Kottelat 2017:497 [ref. 35262]). •Valid as Decorus decorus (Peters 1881) -- (Zheng et al. 2019:[6] [ref. 36747]). Current status: Valid as Decorus decorus (Peters 1881). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Pearl River basin, China. Habitat: freshwater.

degeni, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:435 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Zegi and Bahardar, Lake Tsana [Tana], Ethiopia. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.12.13.328-331 (4). •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:253 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

degeni, Labeo Boulenger [G. A.] 1920:21, Fig. 10 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 4); ref. 587] Near cataracts at Kinshasa [Léopoldville], 4°18'S, 15°18'E, Democratic Republic of Congo. Lectotype: MRAC 7111. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1919.9.10.192 (1). Lectotype selected by Tshibwabwa & Teugels 1995:1556 [ref. 27895] •Valid as Labeo degeni Boulenger 1920 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:311 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:180 [ref. 19189], Tshibwabwa & Teugels 1995:1547 [ref. 27895], Tshibwabwa 1997:348 [ref. 24617], Tshibwabwa et al. 2006:33 [ref. 28698]). Current status: Valid as Labeo degeni Boulenger 1920. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

deguidei, Barbus Matthes [H.] 1964:85, Pl. 3b [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 126; ref. 2911] Boteli River, Ikela region, Congo. Holotype: MRAC 138904. Paratypes: MRAC 138905 (1). •Valid as Barbus deguidei Matthes 1964 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:241 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius deguidei (Matthes 1964) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius deguidei (Matthes 1964). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

dekkensis, Barbus platystomus Bini [G.] 1940:172, Pl. 9 [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Syntypes: (17) lost. Name appears first on p. 161. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Not collected -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:146 [ref. 23829]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

delacouri, Tylognathus Pellegrin [J.] & Fang [P.-W.] 1940:112, Fig. 1 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 65; ref. 3418] Ban Nam Khueng, 30 km northeast from Ban Houei Sai, about 6 km from Mekong River, Laos. Syntypes: MNHN 1939-0173 to 0175 (15). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:53 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Lobocheilos delacouri (Pellegrin & Fang 1940) -- (Rainboth 1996:113 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:7 [ref. 22832]). •Synonym of Lobocheilos rhabdoura (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 2001:59 [ref. 25780] with question, Kottelat 2013:121 [ref. 32989] with question, Ciccotto & Page 2016:882 [ref. 34946]). Current status: Synonym of Lobocheilos rhabdoura (Fowler 1934). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

dembecha, Garra Getahun [A.] & Stiassny [M. L. J.] in Stiassny & Getahun 2007:62, Fig. 15 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 150; ref. 29119] Bula River, crossing southern part of Dembecha, Gojam, Ethiopia. Holotype: AMNH 228483. Paratypes: AMNH 223693 (27, 3 c&s). Plus non-type material. Appeared first as unavailable in an unpublished PhD thesis by Getahun, 2000. •Valid as Garra dembecha Getahun & Stiassny 2007 -- (Habteselassie et al. 2010:50 [ref. 30774]). Current status: Valid as Garra dembecha Getahun & Stiassny 2007. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya and Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

dembeensis, Chondrostoma Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:16, Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [Museum Senckenbergianum: Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der beschreibenden Naturgeschichte, von Mitgliedern der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 3845] Lake Tana at Gorgora, Ethiopia, 12°15'N, 37°20'E. Neotype: AMNH 223731. Neotype designated by Stiassny & Getahun 2007:71 [ref. 29119]. Date of publication is based on date separates were issued. •Valid as Garra dembeensis (Rüppell 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:302 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:286 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367], Seegers et al. 2003:34 [ref. 28087], Stiassny & Getahun 2007:69 [ref. 29119] dated 1836, De Weirdt et al. 2007:533 [ref. 30024] dated 1836, Habteselassie et al. 2010:50 [ref. 30774], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Garra dembeensis (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Africa: widespread in eastern Africa to Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

dendrotrachelus, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:424, Figs. 11-12 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1419] Paulpietersburg Dam, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype: ANSP 54906. Paratypes: ANSP 54915 (1), USNM 103113 [ex ANSP 54921] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:74 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Barbus natalensis Castelnau 1861 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:272 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dengba, Garra Deng [S.-Q.], Cao [L.] & Zhang [E] 2018:95, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 4476 (no. 1); ref. 36132] Chayu-Qu, a tributary flowing into the Brahmaputra River, Chayu County, eastern Tibet, west China, about 28°26'55"N, 97°02'48"E. Holotype: IHB 2016032616. Paratypes: IHB. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Garra dengba Deng, Cao & Zhang 2018 -- (Gong et al. 2018:380 [ref. 36379], Gong et al. 2018:865 [ref. 36387]). Current status: Valid as Garra dengba Deng, Cao & Zhang 2018. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chayu-Qu [Lohit River] drainage, upper Brahmaputra River basin, eastern Tibet, west China. Habitat: freshwater.

denisonii, Labeo Day [F.] 1865:299 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1865 (pt 1); ref. 5295] Mundakayam, Travancore, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7913 (1, syntype) Travancore Hills; BMNH 1864.7.9.6 (1), 1866.5.2.21 (1); FMNH 2359 (2); NMW 54059 (?); RMNH 4950 (1); ZSI F2308 (1), F2371 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:115 [ref. 20743], Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762]. Also appeared in Day 1865:212, Pl. 16, fig. 2 [ref. 1074]. •Valid as Puntius denisonii (Day 1865) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:268 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:91 [ref. 24904] as denisoni, Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359], Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:209 [ref. 29986], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:73 [ref. 32071]). •Valid as Sahyadria denisonii (Day 1865) -- (Raghavan, Philip, Ali & Dahanukar 2013:4933 [ref. 32992], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:768 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Sahyadria denisonii (Day 1865). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

denticulatus, Spinibarbichthys Oshima [M.] 1926:11 [Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses v. 11 (no. 1); ref. 3314] Kachek River near Kachek, Hainan Island, China. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Barbodes denticulatus (Oshima 1926) -- (Wu et al. 1977:255 [ref. 4807]). •Valid as Spinibarbus denticulatus (Oshima 1926) -- (Jin in Kuang et al. 1986:110 [ref. 26639] dated 1962 [sic], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:153 [ref. 13584], Yang 1991:195 [ref. 13585], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:141 [ref. 23876], Yang & Chen 1995:68, 150 [ref. 23555], Zhu 1995:51 [ref. 25213], Kottelat 2001:81 [ref. 25780], Endruweit 2014:146 [ref. 33205]). •Valid as Spinibarbus denticulatus (Oshima 1926), subspecies denticulatus (Oshima 1926) -- (Zheng et al. 1989:167 [ref. 21202], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:42 [ref. 25272], Tang et al. 2005:77 [ref. 28199], Nguyen et al. 2015:105 [ref. 36432], Zhang et al. 2016:104 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Spinibarbichthys denticulatus Oshima 1926 -- (Mai 1978:80 [ref. 13511], Kottelat 2001:41 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2013:163 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Spinibarbichthys denticulatus Oshima 1926. Cyprinidae: Spinibarbinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

depressus, Gymnocypris Tchang [T.-L.] & Tchang [I.-L.] 1963:292, Fig. 3 [Acta Zoologica Sinica v. 15 (no. 2); ref. 23995] Makouhe River, Qinghai, China. Holotype: ASIZB 59-20. Type catalog: Zhang 1996:500 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:29 [ref. 33808]. •Synonym of Gymnocypris przewalskii (Kessler 1876) -- (Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:363 [ref. 25272], Ye et al. 2015:29 [ref. 33808] with secod author as Zhang, Zhang et al. 2016:118 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Schizopygopsis przewalskii Kessler 1876. Current status: Synonym of Schizopygopsis przewalskii Kessler 1876. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dero, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:277, 385, Pl. 22 (fig. 78) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Brahmaputra River, India. No types known. Spelled doro on plate. •Mention -- (Kottelat 1984:802 [ref. 11440]). •Valid as Sinilabeo dero (Hamilton 1822) -- (Wu et al. 1977:345 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:257 [ref. 13584], Wu & Wu 1992:290 [ref. 21205], Zhang et al. 1995:72 [ref. 22734], Zhu 1995:65 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:173 [ref. 23556], Sen 1999:191 [ref. 24750], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:184 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Labeo dero (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:35 [ref. 15970], Coad 1981:11 [ref. 22348], Ataur Rahman 1989:121 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:204 [ref. 20764], Indra 1994:413 [ref. 24015], Coad 1995:18 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:5 [ref. 23831], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:151 [ref. 24759], Menon 1999:130 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:38 [ref. 25342], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:7 [ref. 27265], Ataur Rahman 2003:138 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:69 [ref. 29923], Gurung et al. 2013:4882 [ref. 32969]). •Valid as Bangana dero (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kullander et al. 1999:152 [ref. 23689], Zhang & Chen 2006:50 [ref. 28775], Liu & Zhou 2009:66 [ref. 30000], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:866 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2015:119 [ref. 35030], Zhang et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34477], Esmaeili et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35254], Kottelat 2017:494 [ref. 35262], Esmaeili et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36089], Bleher 2018:330 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Bangana dero (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Upper Brahmaputra basin: Pakistan to China. Introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

deserti, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1909:239 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 15 (no. 5); ref. 14407] Redir de Sfédil (Tassili des Azdjers), Algerian Sahara. Syntypes: BMNH 1909.12.9.7 [ex MNHN] (1), MNHN 1909-0457 to 0458 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:32 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus deserti Pellegrin 1909 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:241 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:174 [ref. 12829], Lévêque 1990:42 [ref. 19786]). •Valid as Enteromius deserti (Pellegrin 1909) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius deserti (Pellegrin 1909). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Northern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

devdevi, Labeo Hora [S. L.] 1936:324 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 38 (pt 3); ref. 13702] Myanmar; Thailand. Syntypes: ZSI? See Das 2003:359 [ref. 27706] with locality as Naga Hills, India. •Synonym of Labeo erythropterus Valenciennes 1842 -- (Rainboth 1996:112 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Labeo devdevi Hora 1936 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:205 [ref. 20764], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:57 [ref. 25342], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662]). •Valid as Bangana devdevi (Hora 1936) -- (Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832], Zhang & Chen 2006:50 [ref. 28775], Liu & Zhou 2009:66 [ref. 30000], Kottelat 2013:75 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34477], Kottelat 2017:494 [ref. 35262]). Current status: Valid as Bangana devdevi (Hora 1936). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Upper Irrawaddy River and Red River basin, China, Myanmar and Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

devecchii, Barbopsis Di Caporiacco [L.] 1926:24, Fig. [Monitore Zoologico Italiano v. 37 (no. 1-2); ref. 720] Pozzi de Taleh (British Somaliland). Lectotype: MZUF 5496. Paralectotypes: (?18) MZUF 2609-17 (9), 5566-70 (5), MSNG 24903 (1), MSNM 8 [ex MSNM 4388] (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:185 [ref. 10343], Conci & Michelangeli 1974:223 [ref. 21560], Vanni 1991:222 [ref. 20099]. Originally spelled once as devecchi and once as devecchii; named after De Vecchi, so devecchii is correct. •Valid as Barbopsis devecchii Di Caporiacco 1926 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:218 [ref. 6186], Poll & Gosse 1995:159 [ref. 24781], Romero & Paulson 2001:16 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:61 [ref. 28992], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Barbopsis devecchii Di Caporiacco 1926. Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: northern Somalia. Habitat: freshwater.

deventeri, Capoeta Bleeker [P.] 1855:413 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 16848] Lake Grati, Pasuruan Province, eastern Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: (23) BMNH 1866.5.2.139 [from Bleeker] (1). •Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439]). Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

devosi, Barbus Banyankimbona [G.], Vreven [E. J.] & Snoeks [J.] 2012:183, Figs. 2-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 23 (no. 2); ref. 32298] Rutana Province, Malagarazi basin, Mazimero River, bridge on road from Rutana to Giharo, 3°53'05"S. 30°11'06"E, Burundi. Holotype: MRAC BO-3-P-13. Paratypes: many at MRAC. Also non-type specimens. Described in 'Barbus'. •Valid as Enteromius devosi (Banyankimbona, Vreven & Snoeks 2012) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius devosi (Banyankimbona, Vreven & Snoeks 2012). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Burundi and Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

dezwaani, Barbus Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1912:525 [4], Pl. 11 (fig. 3) [Durch Zentral-Sumatra. Von Alfred Maass... Berlin. v. 2; ref. 14895] Sòlòk, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMA 112644. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:27 [ref. 19236]. On p. 4 of separate. Species originally as de Zwaani. •Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2013:92 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

dhamarica, Garra tibanica Balletto [E.] & Spanò [S.] 1977:274, Fig. 5.1 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 81; ref. 7231] Bir al-Manzil, near Dhamar, Yemen. Holotype: MSNG 46541 [ex 390] (1 of 6). Paratypes: MSNG 46541 (5 of 6, mixed with holotype); Ist. Zool. Univ. Genova (orig. 135). •Synonym of Garra tibanica Trewavas 1941 -- (Krupp 1983:608 [ref. 8320]). •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) based on placement of tibanica. Current status: Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

dheno, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1839:220 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Not available, name only. Cyprinidae.

dhonti, Labeo Boulenger [G. A.] 1920:399, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1919 (pts 3-4) (art. 25); ref. 15206] Tumbwe, a village southwest of the Kalemie River, on a small stream flowing into Niemba River, tributary of Lukuga River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Lectotype: BMNH 1919.7.24.3. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1919.7.24.4-6 (3), MRAC 6993 (1). Lectotype selected by Reid 1985:243 [ref. 19189]. •Synonym of Labeo parvus Boulenger 1902 -- (Reid 1985:240 [ref. 19189]). •Valid as Labeo dhonti Boulenger 1920 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:311 [ref. 6186], Tshibwabwa 1997:419 [ref. 24617], Kullander & Roberts 2012:360 [ref. 31751]). Current status: Valid as Labeo dhonti Boulenger 1920. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

dialonensis, Barbus Daget [J.] 1962:84, Fig. 20; Pl. 9 (fig. 19) [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 65; ref. 5866] Senegal River system, Lower Guinea. Syntypes: (44) MNHN 1959-0117 (10), 1960-0454 to 0455 (7). Other material: (7). •Valid as Barbus dialonensis Daget 1962 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:242 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:322 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Enteromius dialonensis (Daget 1962) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius dialonensis (Daget 1962). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

diamouanganai, Barbus Teugels [G. G.] & Mamonekene [V.] 1992:44, Fig. 1 [Cybium v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 16248] Loubomo River, tributary of Kouilou towards Pointe-Noire, near Dolisie, 4°11'S, 12°38'E, Republic of the Congo. Holotype: MRAC 91-68-P-839. Paratypes: MRAC 91-68-P-840 to 843 (4), 91-68-P-844-845 (2), 91-68-P-846 (1). Other material: MRAC 91-79-P-1-19 (19). •Valid as Barbus diamouanganai Teugels & Mamonekene 1992 -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:511 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius diamouanganai (Teugels & Mamonekene 1992) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius diamouanganai (Teugels & Mamonekene 1992). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

didi, Puntius Kullander [S. O.] & Fang [F.] 2005:294, Figs. 2B, 4 [Copeia 2005 (no. 2); ref. 28193] Hpa Lap Chaung just south of Yuzana Myiang village, 8 kilometers left from Myitkyina-Myitzon road kilometer 11, 25°31'25"N, 97°22'19"E, Ayeyarwaddy River drainage, Kachin State, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 50267. Paratypes: NRM 36167 (4), 36179 (1), 36349 (19), 37277 (1), 37278 (1), 37279 (1), 39909 (42), 40893 (1), 40998 (1), 43007 (1). •Valid as Puntius didi Kullander & Fang 2005 -- (Kullander 2008:59 [ref. 29716], Kullander & Britz 2008:61 [ref. 29861], Knight et al. 2012:2414 [ref. 31841]). •Valid as Pethia didi (Kullander & Fang 2005) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:81 [ref. 32071], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2013:88 [ref. 32976], Kottelat 2013:140 [ref. 32989], Katwate et al. 2014:244 [ref. 33433], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2018:590 [ref. 35803]). Current status: Valid as Pethia didi (Kullander & Fang 2005). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Near Myitkyina and Lake Indawgyi, Chindwin-Irrawaddy basin, northern Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

dienbieni, Discogobio Nguyen [V. H.] in Nguyen & Ngo 2001:564, Fig. 291 [Freshwater fishes of Viet Nam. Volume I. Family Cyprinidae v. 1; ref. 28301] Sông Nâm Rôm, Diên Biên Phu, Lai Châu, Viêt Nam. Holotype: VNCNTTS I: H.01.97.03.01. Paratypes: VNCNTTS I: H.01.97.03.02 - 05 (10). •Synonym of Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1888) -- (Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1884). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Lai Chai Provence, Nan Rom River, in Dien Bien Phu city, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

diliciosus, Barbus McClelland [J.] 1839:272, 342, Pl. 39 (fig. 3) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Upper Assam, India. No types known. Spelled diliciosus on pp. 272, 343 and plate caption (p. 272); spelled deliciosus in index. •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:70 [ref. 24904] as deliciosus). •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dillonii, Chondrostoma Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:404 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Ethiopia. Syntypes: MNHN A-9636 (2, poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:43 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Varicorhinus beso Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:337 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus beso (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus beso (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dimidiatus, Varicorhinus Tweddle [D.] & Skelton [P. H.] 1998:371, Figs. 2-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 8 (no. 4); ref. 23328] Likabula River, upper Ruo River, Malawi, 15°56'S, 35°30'E. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 53080. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 53079 (15), 53083 (21). •Valid as Varicorhinus dimidiatus Tweddle & Skelton 1998 -- (Skelton 2001:174 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Labeobarbus dimidiatus (Tweddle & Skelton 1998) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus dimidiatus (Tweddle & Skelton 1998). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Africa: Malawi. Habitat: freshwater.

dinema, Morulius Bleeker [P.] 1864:35 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 2; ref. 17029] Not available, name only; from Thailand. •Nomen Nudum -- (Kottelat 2013:69 [ref. 32989]). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

diplochilus, Barbus Heckel [J. J.] 1838:53, Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [Fische aus Caschmir; ref. 2063] Kashmir. Syntypes: NMW 48820 (7). •Synonym of Crossocheilus latius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Coad 1981:10 [ref. 22348]). •Synonym of Crossocheilus latius (Hamilton 1822), but a valid subspecies diplochilus -- (Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:81 [ref. 8508], Bănărescu 1986:148 [ref. 8112], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:415 [ref. 20764], Menon & Jacob 1996:62 [ref. 22482], Menon 1999:141 [ref. 24904], Su et al. 2000:215 [ref. 25281], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662], Esmaeili et al. 2015:121 [ref. 35030] as diplocheilus). •Valid as Crossocheilus diplochilus (Heckel 1838) -- (Kullander et al. 1999:133 [ref. 23689], Rafique 2000:324 [ref. 25220] as diplocheilus, Mirza 2000:356 [ref. 25207] as diplocheilus, Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173] as diplocheilus). •Valid as Gonorhynchus diplochilus (Heckel 1838) -- (Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:356 [ref. 34017], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:871 [ref. 34062], Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:195 [ref. 34083] as diplocheilus, Ciccotto & Page 2016:489 [ref. 34501], Bleher 2018:542 [ref. 36647]). •Valid as Tariqilabeo diplochilus (Heckel 1838) -- (Kottelat 2016:445 [ref. 34856], Esmaeili et al. 2017:59 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:39 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Tariqilabeo diplochilus (Heckel 1838). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Indus, Sistan and Helmand Rivers, Pakistan, India, Iran and Afganistan. Habitat: freshwater.

diplostomus, Varicorhinus Heckel [J. J.] 1838:67, Pl. 11 [Fische aus Caschmir; ref. 2063] Kashmir. Holotype (unique): NMW 48829. •Synonym of Labeo dero (Hamilton 1822) -- (Coad 1996:5 [ref. 23831]). •Valid as Labeo diplostomus (Heckel 1838) -- (Coad 1981:11 [ref. 22348], Mirza 2000:355 [ref. 25207], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:45 [ref. 25342], Mirza 2003:7 [ref. 27265]). •Valid as Bangana diplostomus (Heckel 1838) -- (Kullander et al. 1999:130 [ref. 23689] as diplostoma, Luo & Zhou 2009:66 [ref. 30000] as diplostoma, Kottelat 2017:494 [ref. 35262], Bleher 2018:332 [ref. 36647] as diplostoma). Current status: Valid as Bangana diplostomus (Heckel 1838). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Upper Ganges basin, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal and India. Habitat: freshwater.

dipogon, Schizothorax Regan [C. T.] 1905:186 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 15 (no. 86); ref. 15379] Lhasa, Tibet. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1904.12.28.83. •Valid as Diptychus dipogon (Regan 1905) -- (Tsao 1964:172 [ref. 13501]). •Valid as Ptychobarbus dipogon (Regan 1905) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:412 [ref. 21205], Zhang et al. 1995:101 [ref. 22734], Zhu 1995:91 [ref. 25213], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:342 [ref. 25272], Chen & Chen 2001:147 [ref. 25461], Zhang et al. 2016:119 [ref. 34477] [not in China ?]). Current status: Valid as Ptychobarbus dipogon (Regan 1905). Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Distribution: Tibet. Habitat: freshwater.

disa, Barbodes Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1932:140 [Copeia 1932 (no. 3); ref. 10976] Market at Dansalan, Lanao Province, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype: CAS-SU 27713. Paratypes: BSMP (1) presumed destroyed, USNM 148143 [ex CAS-SU 27713] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:30 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Barbodes disa (Herre 1932) -- (Kottelat 2013:78 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes disa Herre 1932. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

discognathoides, Varicorhinus Nichols [J. T.] & Pope [C. H.] 1927:360, Fig. 26 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 54 (art. 2); ref. 5747] Nodoa, Hainan Island, China. Holotype (unique): AMNH 8389. •Valid as Sinilabeo discognathoides (Nichols & Pope 1927) -- (Wu et al. 1977:340 [ref. 4807], Jin in Kuang et al. 1986:124 [ref. 26639], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:170 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:66 [ref. 25213], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:190 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Bangana discognathoides (Nichols & Pope 1927) -- (Zhang et al. 2006:100 [ref. 28545], Zhang & Chen 2006:51 [ref. 28775], Kottelat 2013:75 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:107 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Altigena discognathoides (Nichols & Pope 1927) -- (Kottelat 2017:494 [ref. 35262]). Current status: Valid as Altigena discognathoides (Nichols & Pope 1927). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Red River basin, Hainan Island, China. Habitat: freshwater.

discolor, Carassius Basilewsky [S.] 1855:229 [Nouveaux mémoires de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou v. 10; ref. 200] Northern China. No types at ZIN. •Synonym of Carassius carassius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Chen & Huang 1977:432 [ref. 8497]). •Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:429 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2013:85 [ref. 32989]). •Not treated by Zhang et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34477] Current status: Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

discolor, Carassius auratus Bade [E.] 1894:13 [Der Goldfisch; ref. 34766] Domesticated aquarium fish. No types known. •Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

discophorus, Parapsilorhynchus Hora [S. L.] 1921:14, Figs. A-D [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 22 (pt 1); ref. 2201] Pophli, Vashishti valley, western Ghats, Ratnagiri District, Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI F9952/1. See Das 2003:368 [ref. 27706] with genus as Parasilorhynchus. •Synonym of Parapsilorhynchus tentaculatus (Annandale 1919) -- (Rema Devi & Menon 1995:280 [ref. 22106], Menon 1999:154 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Parapsilorhynchus discophorus Hora 1921 -- (Singh 1994:282 [ref. 22587], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:435 [ref. 20764], Yazdani & Singh 1991:43 [ref. 24004], Yadav 2000:41 [ref. 25661], Yadav 2003:16 [ref. 27711] as discophorous, Baliarsingh et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35577], Baliarsingh & Kosygin 2017:49 [ref. 35747], Bleher 2018:648 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Parapsilorhynchus discophorus Hora 1921. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. Habitat: freshwater.

dispar, Hampala Smith [H. M.] 1934:309, Pl. 11 [Journal of the Siam Society, Natural History Supplement v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 4052] Monam Mun [Mun River] at Udon, Thailand. Holotype (unique): USNM 103366. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:7 [ref. 25088], Vilasri et al. 2018:48 [ref. 36451]. •Valid as Hampala dispar Smith 1934 -- (Doi & Taki 1994:405 [ref. 21214], Rainboth 1996:101 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:35 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:53 [ref. 25780]., Kottelat 2013:109 [ref. 32989], Vilasri et al. 2018:48 [ref. 36451]). Current status: Valid as Hampala dispar Smith 1934. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Mekong basin. Habitat: freshwater.

ditinensis, Barbus Daget [J.] 1962:92, Fig. 25; Pl. 10 (fig. 21) [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 65; ref. 5866] Ditinn, Lower Guinea. Syntypes: (83) MNHN 1959-0111 (25), 1960-0433 to 0434. Additional material: (23). •Valid as Barbus ditinensis Daget 1962 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:242 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:358 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Enteromius ditinensis (Daget 1962) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius ditinensis (Daget 1962). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

djourae, Labeo Blache [J.] & Miton [F.] 1960:152 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 2); ref. 20674] Gauthiot Falls, Mayo Kebbi basin, Chad. Lectotype: MNHN 1959-0223 (1 of 12). Paralectotypes: MNHN 1959-0223 (11, as "types"); as "paratypes": CEPFL 291-320 (25). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:269 [ref. 20870]. Lectotype selected by Reid 1985:254 [ref. 19189]. •Valid as Labeo djourae Blache & Miton 1960 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:311 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:254 [ref. 19189], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367]). •Questionably a synonym of Labeo parvus Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:297 [ref. 21589]) Current status: Valid as Labeo djourae Blache & Miton 1960. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Benue River, Chad. Habitat: freshwater.

dobsoni, Barbus (Barbodes) Day [F.] 1876:574 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 12 (no. 64); ref. 14208] Deccan, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7860 (1, syntype) Poonah, BMNH 1889.2.1.566-567 (2), NMW 54058-59 (1, 1), RMNH 2659 (1), ZSI 2726 (2). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:296 [ref. 25110]. •Synonym of Puntius jerdoni (Day 1870) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:274 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus dobsoni (Day 1876) -- (Menon & Rema Devi 1995:391 [ref. 22480], Menon 1999:77 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32222], Knight et al. 2013:213 [ref. 33021], Arunachalam et al. 2016:82 [ref. 34522], Knight et al. 2016:325 [ref. 34872], Arunachalam et al. 2016:271 [ref. 34977], Arunachalam et al. 2016:157 [ref. 34986]). Current status: Valid as Hypselobarbus dobsoni (Day 1876). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Thunga and Bhadra rivers, Karnataka, India. Habitat: freshwater.

dobula, Gymnocypris Günther [A.] 1868:170 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] No locality. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.1591. •Valid as Gymnocypris dobula Günther 1868 -- (Tsao 1964:179 [ref. 13501], Wu & Wu 1992:458 [ref. 21205], Zhang et al. 1995:112 [ref. 22734], Zhu 1995:92 [ref. 25213], Chen & Cao in Yue 2000:353 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:117 [ref. 34477], Tang et al. 2016:134 [ref. 34489]). •Valid as Schizopygopsis dobula (Günther 1868) -- (Tang et al. 2019:13 [ref. 36511]). Current status: Valid as Schizopygopsis dobula (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Distribution: China and Tibet. Habitat: freshwater.

doggetti, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1904:450 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 13 (no. 78) (art. 52); ref. 15114] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1904.5.19.24. •Synonym of Barbus radiatus Peters 1853 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:283 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:143 [ref. 23725], Seegers et al. 2003:33 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dolichonema, Schizothorax Herzenstein [S. M.] 1889:178, Pl. 20 (fig. 1) [Zoologischer Theil, St. Petersburg v. 3 (2 abt.) (2); ref. 2148] Dy tschu at Chang Jiang [Yangtze River] drainage, China, elevation 12700 feet. Syntypes: ZIN 7382-83 (2, lost ?) •Valid as Racoma dolichonema (Herzenstein 1889) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:371 [ref. 21205]). •Valid as Schizothorax dolichonema Herzenstein 1889 -- (Tsao 1964:141 [ref. 13501], Ye & Fu in Ding 1994:366 [ref. 21531], Zhang et al. 1995:83 [ref. 22734], Zhu 1995:87 [ref. 25213], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:198 [ref. 23556], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:294 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:122 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Schizopyge dolichonema (Herzenstein 1889) -- (Kottelat 2013:160 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Schizopyge dolichonema (Herzenstein 1889). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

dolichopterus, Puntius Plamoottil [M.] 2015:226 [International Journal of Pure and Applied Zoology v. 3 (no. 3); ref. 33886] Kayamkulam, Kerala, India. Holotype. Details to follow. •Valid as Puntius dolichopterus Plamoottil 2015 -- (Bleher 2018:703 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Puntius dolichopterus Plamoottil 2015. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Kerala and Maharahtra, Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

dolichosoma, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] & Griscom [L.] 1917:700, Fig. 14 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 37 (art. 25); ref. 3185] Avakubi, Orientale Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): AMNH 6137. •Synonym of Barbus humeralis Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:250 [ref. 6186], Stiassny et al. 2016:11 [ref. 34182] as "Barbus"). •Synonym of Enteromius humeralis (Boulenger 1902) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius humeralis (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

donaldsonsmithi, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1958:12 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 310; ref. 1470] Niger River. Originally as donaldson-smithi. Replacement name for Barbus lepidus Pfaff 1933, preoccupied in Barbus by Puntius (Capoeta) lepidus Day 1868. •Valid as Barbus donaldsonsmithi Fowler 1958 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:242 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus perince Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque 1989:198 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:340 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Enteromius perince (Rüppell 1835) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius perince (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

donglanensis, Sinocyclocheilus Zhao [Y.], Watanabe [K.] & Zhang [C.-G.] 2006:122, Fig. 2 [Ichthyological Research v. 53 (no. 2); ref. 28691] Cave, Hongshuihe River, Gongping Village, 24°20'30"N, 107°24'39"E, Taiping Town, Donglan County, Guangxi Province, Zhujiang River basin, China. Holotype: ASIZB [now NZMC] 94746. Paratypes: ASIZB [now NZMC] 74217 (1), 74218 (1), 94747 (1), 94748 (1). Type catalog: Ye et al. 2015:43 [ref. 33808]. •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus donglanensis Zhao, Watanabe & Zhang 2006 -- (Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522], Zhao et al. 2011:1550 [ref. 31493], Liang et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31561], Ma & Zhao 2012:109 [ref. 34891], Lan et al. 2013:189 [ref. 32910], Wang et al. 2014:585 [ref. 33186], Ye et al. 2015:43 [ref. 33808], Zhang et al. 2016:99 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus donglanensis Zhao, Watanabe & Zhang 2006. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Donglan County, Guangxi Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

dongnaiensis, Onychostoma Hoàng [H. D.], Pham [H. M.] & Tran [N. T.] 2015:130, Figs. 3e-h, 5 [Zootaxa 3962 (no. 1); ref. 33811] Upper Da Teh main stream, middle Dong Nai drainage in montane evergreen forest in Lam Dong Province, Vietnam (11°36'13.80"N, 107°35’49.60"E), altitude 172 meters. Holotype: UNS00851. Paratypes: NSMT P, UNS, ZRC. •Valid as Onychostoma dongnaiense Hoàng, Pham & Tran 2015. Current status: Valid as Onychostoma dongnaiense Hoàng, Pham & Tran 2015. Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: Lam Ding Province, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

dongnaiensis, Tor Hoàng [H. D.], Pham [H. M.], Durand [J.-D.], Tran [N. T.] & Phan [P. D.] 2015:556, Figs. 3, 4e, f [Zootaxa 4006 (no. 3); ref. 33936] Đồng Nai drainage: Cát Tiên National Park, Lâm Đồng Province, Vietnam, 11°26'33.32"N, 107°26'4.01"E, elevation 162 meters. Holotype: UNS00859. Paratypes: ZRC, UNS. Accents are missing in authorships. •Valid as Tor dongnaiensis Hoàng, Pham, Durand, Tran & Phan 2015 -- (Walton et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35037], Pinder et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36696]). Current status: Valid as Tor dongnaiensis Hoàng, Pham, Durand, Tran & Phan 2015. Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Vietnam endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

dongtangensis, Sinocyclocheilus Zhou [J.], Liu [Q.] & Wang [H.-X.] in Wang et al. 2011:387, Fig. 1 on Pl. [Sichuan Journal of Zoology v. 30 (no. 3); ref. 31373] Subterranean river in Ligen village, Libo county, Guizhou Province, 25°15'24.7"E, 108°01'05.9"W, China. Holotype: GNUG 20091123005. Paratypes: GNUG 20091123002 (1). •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus dongtangensis Zhou, Liu & Wang 2011. •Synonym of Sincyclocheilus hugeibarbus Li & Ran 2003 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:100 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Sinocyclocheilus hugeibarbus Li & Ran 2003. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Subterranean river in Ligen village, Libo county, Guizhou Province, China (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

donyensis, Barbus Holly [M.] 1929:33 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 66; ref. 16086] Athi River, at Denye Satna, Kenya. Holotype: NMW. Paratypes: NMW (3). •Synonym of Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:276 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dorsalis, Systomus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:314 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Madras, southern India. No types known. •Valid as Puntius dorsalis (Jerdon 1849) -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:103 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:268 [ref. 20764], Indra 1991:238 [ref. 24005], Menon & Rema Devi 1992:222 [ref. 20007], Indra 1993:183 [ref. 24009], Rema Devi 1993:198 [ref. 24010], Rema Devi & Ilango 1993:245 [ref. 24017], Indra 1994:415 [ref. 24015], Manimekalan 1998:435 [ref. 24989], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:153 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi et al. 1999:157 [ref. 24758], Menon 1999:91 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2001:128 [ref. 25692], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359], Yadav 2003:13 [ref. 27711], Silva et al. 2008:62 [ref. 29719], Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:201 [ref. 29986], Kumar et al. 2012:32 [ref. 31807], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:73 [ref. 32071], Plamoottil & Abraham 2014:1095 [ref. 33150], Plamoottil 2014:1587 [ref. 33648], Plamoottil 2014:139 [ref. 33650], Narasimhaiah et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34975], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:712 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Puntius dorsalis (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

dorsimaculatus, Barbus Ahl [E.] 1923:183 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 56 (nos 7/8); ref. 15393] Sumatra (?). Syntypes: ZMB 20671 (20). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:90 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Puntius dorsimaculatus (Ahl 1923) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:42 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832]). •Species inquirenda as Barbodes dorsimaculatus (Ahl 1923) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Barbodes dorsimaculatus (Ahl 1923). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

dorsoarcus, Altigena Mai [D. Y.] 1978:71, Fig. 30 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Northern Vietnam. Syntypes: DVZUT. •Synonym of Bangana xanthogenys (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Kottelat 2001:19 [ref. 25482] as dorsoacus on p. 83, Kottelat 2013:76 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Decorus xanthogenys (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936). Current status: Synonym of Decorus xanthogenys (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

dorsolineatus, Barbus Trewavas [E.] 1936:67, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Novitates Zoologicae. A Journal of Zoology in Connection with the Tring Museum v. 40; ref. 13752] Affluent of Catumbela River; and a locality 20 kilometers east of Bocoio, Angola. Syntypes: (25) BMNH 1935.3.20.122-131 (10) affluent of Catumbela R. •Valid as Barbus dorsolineatus Trewavas 1936 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:242 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:164 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:164 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Enteromius dorsolineatus (Trewavas 1936) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius dorsolineatus (Trewavas 1936). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

douronensis, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:187 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3826. Non-types: SMF 2580 (1, dry), 2611 (1, dry) both from Java, ex RMNH. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:49 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus douronensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Zhou & Cui 1996:134 [ref. 22573]). •Valid as Tor douronensis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Wu et al. 1977:324 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:141 [ref. 13584], Kottelat et al. 1993:49 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:235 [ref. 23210], Zhu 1995:50 [ref. 25213], Vu & Nguyen 1997:26 [ref. 26438] as duronensis, Shan et al. in Yue 2000:163 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2000:86 [ref. 25486], Hoàng et al. 2015:566 [ref. 33936]). •Synonym of Tor tambra (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Lim et al. 1990:38 [ref. 16753], Roberts 1993:22 [ref. 21799], Kottelat 1998:57 [ref. 23436] with question, Parenti & Lim 2005:186 [ref. 28285], Kottelat 2013:168 [ref. 32989] with question, Zhang et al. 2016:105 [ref. 34477], Pinder et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36696]). Current status: Synonym of Tor tambra (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Indonesia [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

duanensis, Lanlabeo Yao [M.], He [Y.] & Peng [Z.-G.] 2018:560, Figs. 2, 3, 4A-E [Zootaxa 4471 (no. 3); ref. 36109] Tributary flowing into the Hongshuihe River in the Xijiang River drainage basin, Longwan, Du’an County, Guangxi Province, southern China, 23°53'N, 108°15'E. Holotype: SWU 20170110006. Paratypes: SWU. •Valid as Lanlabeo duanensis Yao, He & Peng 2018. Current status: Valid as Lanlabeo duanensis Yao, He & Peng 2018. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Hongshuihe River drainage, Xijiang River basin, Guangxi Province, southern China. Habitat: freshwater.

dubius, Puntius (Barbodes) Day [F.] 1867:291 [11] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 2) (art. 5); ref. 14043] Bowany River, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7608 (1, syntype), BMNH 1889.2.1.4338 (1), MCZ 4292 (1), RMNH 2633 (1), ZSI 2378 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:296 [ref. 25110]. On p. 11 of separate. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Valid as Gonoproktopterus dubius (Day 1867) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:188 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus dubius (Day 1867) -- (Menon & Rema Devi 1995:391 [ref. 22480], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:151 [ref. 24759], Menon 1999:77 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2000:293 [ref. 25165], Arunachalam et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32222], Knight et al. 2013:213 [ref. 33021], Arunachalam et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34181], Arunachalam et al. 2016:100 [ref. 34190], Arunachalam et al. 2016:77 [ref. 34522], Arunachalam et al. 2016:78 [ref. 34553], Knight et al. 2016:325 [ref. 34872], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:559 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Hypselobarbus dubius (Day 1867). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southern Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

duchesnii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:433 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Bahardar, Lake Tana and Moger River (elevation 6000 feet), tributary of Blue Nile, Shoa, Ethiopia. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.12.13.305 (1) Moger, 1902.12.13.306 (1) Baharda. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:252 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dukai, Barbus Day [F.] 1878:564, Pl. 143 (fig. 3) [The fishes of India Part 4; ref. 4887] Teesta River, near Darjeeling, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7893 (1, syntype), BMNH 1889.2.1.518-19 (2), NMW 54061 (1), RMNH 2681 (1), ?RMNH 8659 (1), ZSI 2388. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:296 [ref. 25110]. •In genus Neolissochilus -- (Rainboth 1985:29 [ref. 5968]). •Synonym of Neolissochilus hexagonolepis (McClelland 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:229 [ref. 20764] with question, Menon 1999:56 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Neolissochilus dukai (Day 1878) -- (Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Vidthayanon & Kottelat 2003:159 [ref. 26859] with question, Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Khaironizam et al. 2015:154 [ref. 33812], Arunachalam et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35058], Lalramliana et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 35912], Umamaheswari & Arunachalam 2018:2 [ref. 36417]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus dukai (Day 1878). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

dulongensis, Placocheilus Chen [Z.-M.], Pan [X.-F.], Xiao [H.] & Yang [J.-X.] 2012:216, Fig. 2 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 251 (no. 3); ref. 31859] Tributary of the Dulong River, near Qinlangdang village, 27°41'14.5"N, 98°16'37.8"E, Dulongjiang Town, Gongshan County, Yunnan, China, elevation 1213 meters. Holotype: KIZ 041106082. Paratypes: KIZ 1107079-81 (3), 20005352-56 (5), -5358-60 (3), -5972 (1), -5981 (1), -5985-86 (2), 041106009, -6081 and -6083 (3 c&s). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:349 [ref. 32939]. The species appeared first in Chen et al. 2006 [ref. 29062] with different third author (Kong D.-P. replacing Xiao H.); appearance in 2006 not available (7 specimens mentioned but no holotype or syntypes designated; see Art. 16.4.1 of ICZN). Available as above. •In Garra -- (Lothongkham et al. 2014:543 [ref. 33283]). •Valid as Placocheilus dulongensis Chen, Pan, Xiao & Yang 2012 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:114 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Garra dulongensis (Chen, Pan, Xiao & Yang 2012) -- (Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Deng et al. 2018:104 [ref. 36132], Gong et al. 2018:865 [ref. 36387]). Current status: Valid as Garra dulongensis (Chen, Pan, Xiao & Yang 2012). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Dulong River drainage, upper Irrawaddy River basin, Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

dulongensis, Placocheilus Chen [Z.-M.], Pan [X.-F.], Kong [D.-P.] & Yang [J.-X.] 2006:308, No fig. [Journal of Xinyang Normal University (Natural Science Edition) v. 19 (no. 3); ref. 29062] Dulongjing River basin, Yunnan Province, China. No types listed but 7 specimens examined. Also appeared as new with different authorship in 2012 [ref. 31859]; apparently no type was established in 2006 [ref. 29062], so the species may not date to 2006. •Possibly in Placocheilus or Garra. •In the synonymy of Garra dulongensis (Chen, Pan, Xiao & Yang 2012). Current status: Synonym of Garra dulongensis (Chen, Pan, Xiao & Yang 2012). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

dulongensis, Schizothorax Huang [S.-Y.] 1985:211 [216], Fig. 3 [Zoological Research v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 8154] Bapo and Maku, Gongshan Xian, Yunnan Province, China. Syntypes: KIZ uncat. (5). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:350 [ref. 32939]. English description on p. 216. •Valid as Schizothorax dulongensis Huang 1985 -- (Mo in Chu & Chen 1989:295 [ref. 13584], Wu & Wu 1992:397 [ref. 21205], Zhu 1995:88 [ref. 25213], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:191 [ref. 23556], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:284 [ref. 25272], Chen et al. 2006:307 [ref. 29062], Yang et al. 2009:38 [ref. 30052], Yang et al. 2013:365 [ref. 32818], Zhang et al. 2016:122 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Oreinus dulongensis (Huang 1985) -- (Kottelat 2013:133 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Oreinus dulongensis (Huang 1985). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

dumerilii, Cyclocheilichthys Sauvage [H.-E.] 1881:182 [Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (Série 2) v. 4; ref. 18672] Bangkok, Thailand. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-1828. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2599 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:41-42 [ref. 19574], Monkolprasit 1969:5 [ref. 25088]. Appeared as Cyclocheilichthys (Cyclocheilichthys) dumerili, name only in Bleeker 1865:35 [ref. 17029] and in Bleeker 1864:175 [ref. 413]. Described by Sauvage as above. •Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 1984:800 [ref. 11440]). •Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys enoplos (Bleeker 1849) -- (Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439] as dumerili, Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Cyclocheilos enoplos (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 2013:93 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilos enoplos (Bleeker 1849). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

dunckeri, Barbus Ahl [E.] 1929:165, Figs. [Das Aquarium: eine Zeitschrift mit Bildern für Liebhaber, Schulen und Naturfreunde, Berlin 1929 (no. 10); ref. 20518] Bukith Timah, Singapore. Syntypes: (67) ZMB 20856 (2), 20861 (2), 20866 (2), 20876 (3), 31739 [ex ZMB 20876] (1). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:90 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Puntius dunckeri (Ahl 1929) -- (Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Barbodes dunckeri (Ahl 1929) -- (Kottelat 2013:78 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes dunckeri (Ahl 1929). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Malaysia and Singapore. Habitat: freshwater.

dunsirei, Garra Banister [K. E.] 1987:59, Figs. 1, 2a, 3-5 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 52 (no. 1); ref. 8111] Sink hole, Tawi Atair [or Attair], 17°06'N, 54°34'E, in the Jabal Qara (Jabal Samhan) mountains, Dhofar, Oman. Holotype: BMNH 1984.3.6.571. Paratypes: BMNH 1984.3.6.572-576 (6). •Valid as Garra dunsirei Banister 1987 -- (Romero & Paulson 2001:17 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:68 [ref. 28992], Krupp & Budd 2009:120 [ref. 30148], Hamidan et al. 2014:234 [ref. 33626], Lyon et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34670], Mousavi-Sabet et al. 2016:141 [ref. 34988]). Current status: Valid as Garra dunsirei Banister 1987. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Dhofar Province, Oman. Habitat: freshwater.

duobarbis, Garra Getahun [A.] & Stiassny [M. L. J.] in Stiassny & Getahun 2007:55, Fig. 12 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 150; ref. 29119] Koladiba, about 80 kilometers south of Gondar, in Dirma River, 12°25'N, 37°20'E, Ethiopia. Holotype: AMNH 228484. Paratypes: AMNH 223736 (9, 2 c&s). Appeared first as unavailable in an unpublished PhD thesis by Getahun, 2000. •Valid as Garra duobarbis Getahun & Stiassny 2007 -- (Habteselassie et al. 2010:51 [ref. 30774]). Current status: Valid as Garra duobarbis Getahun & Stiassny 2007. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Dirma River, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

duospilus, Oreichthys Knight [J. D. M.] & Kumar [R. G.] 2015:159, Fig. 2 [Zootaxa 3914 (no. 2); ref. 33663] Small stream by the side of the road, west of Nagara, Karnataka, India, 13°48'22.5"N, 75°01'50.7"E. Holotype: NBFGR 2014.08.1.1. Additional material: ZSI/SRC F.8817 (4) [not listed as types]. •Valid as Oreichthys duospilus Knight & Kumar 2015 -- (Bleher 2018:627 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Oreichthys duospilus Knight & Kumar 2015. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western Ghats, Karnataka, India. Habitat: freshwater.

duostigma, Osteochilus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:182, Figs. 120-121 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Mekong River at Kemarat, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68096. Paratypes: ANSP 68097 (1), 68098-111 (17). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:9 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:75 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Osteochilus hasseltii (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:48 [ref. 6439], Karnasuta 1993:60 [ref. 20700], Rainboth 1996:116 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 2001:65 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Osteochilus vittatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:137 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteochilus vittatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

dussumieri, Cirrhina Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:291, Pl. 480 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Mysore, India. No types known. Original genus should have been Cirrhinus. •Synonym of Cirrhinus ariza (Hamilton 1807) -- (Roberts 1997:183 [ref. 23550]). •Synonym of Cirrhinus reba (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:124 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Gymnostomus ariza (Hamilton 1807). Current status: Synonym of Gymnostomus ariza (Hamilton 1807). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

dussumieri, Labeo Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:350 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Calcutta, India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3855 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:17 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Labeo rohita (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:117 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo rohita (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dussumieri, Rohita Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:258, Pl. 475 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Alleppey [now Alappuzha], southeastern India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3863 (5). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:15 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Labeo dussumieri (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:82 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:206 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:132 [ref. 24904], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:22 [ref. 25342], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Yadav 2003:10 [ref. 27711], Lal et al. 2016:19 [ref. 34149], Plamoottil & Zupančič 2017:305 [ref. 35479], Sudasinghe et al. 2018:221 [ref. 36164], Arunachalam et al. 2018:56 [ref. 36286] as dussimieri, Bleher 2018:582 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Labeo dussumieri (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: South Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

duvaucelii, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:167 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Bengal, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3817. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:23 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:70 [ref. 24904] as duvancelli). •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

duvaucelii, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:77 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Apparently objectively invalid; considered preoccupied by Leuciscus duvaucelii Valenciennes, same work, p. 95; replaced by Leuciscus alfredianus in Contents p. xvj [xvi] and Pl. 488. •Synonym of Osteobrama vigorsii (Sykes 1839) -- (Menon 1999:66 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Osteobrama alfredianus (Valenciennes 1844). Current status: Synonym of Osteobrama alfredianus (Valenciennes 1844). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

duvaucelii, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:95, Pl. 491 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Fresh water in Bengal. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3575 (6). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:27 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Puntius sophore (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:101 [ref. 24904] as duvancelli, Kottelat 2013:149 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Puntius sophore (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

duvaucelii, Rohita Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:262, Pl. 476 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Coromandel, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3576. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:16 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Osteobrama vigorsii (Sykes 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:242 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:66 [ref. 24904] with wrong citation and as duvancelli). •Synonym of Labeo rohita (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:117 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo rohita (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dwaarsensis, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:384 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] Dwaars River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM 9707 [now at AMG]. •Synonym of Barbus marequensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:266 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dyangra, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1839:283 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Not available, name in synonymy. Cyprinidae.

dybowskii, Diptychus Kessler [K. F.] 1874:55, Pl. 8 (fig. 39) [Izvestiia Imperatorskago Obschchestva Liubitelei Estestvozaniia, Antropologii i Etnografii v. 11; ref. 2596] Aksu River, Turkistan. Syntypes: ZIN 2323 (2). •Valid as Diptychus dybowskii Kessler 1874 -- (Berg 1949:726 [ref. 20661], Tsao 1964:175 [ref. 13501], Wu & Wu 1992:431 [ref. 21205]). •Valid as Gymnodiptychus dybowskii (Kessler 1874) -- (Zhu 1995:92 [ref. 25213], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:349 [ref. 25272], Chen & Chen 2001:147 [ref. 25461], Zhang et al. 2016:118 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Gymnodiptychus dybowskii (Kessler 1874). Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Distribution: Middle Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

dyocheilus, Cyprinus McClelland [J.] 1839:268, 330, Pl. 37 (fig. 1) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Brahmaputra River, from assam to rapids at the extremity of the valley, India. No types known. Labelled Catostomus dyocheilus in plate caption. Fig. 75 in Talwar & Jhingran 1991:207 [ref. 20764] is not this species but the lectotype of Labeo devdevi Hora 1936. •Synonym of Labeo pangusia (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:135 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:135 [ref. 31338]). •Valid as Labeo dyocheilus (McClelland 1839), subspecies dyocheilus (McClelland 1839) -- (Jayaram & Dhas 2000:49 [ref. 25342]). •Valid as Labeo dyocheilus (McClelland 1839) -- (Shrestha 1978:36 [ref. 15970], Coad 1981:11 [ref. 22348], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:207 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Vu & Nguyen 1997:26 [ref. 26438], Kottelat 1998:37 [ref. 23436], Kullander et al. 1999:152 [ref. 23689], Kundu 2000:96 [ref. 25663], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Shrestha 2008:70 [ref. 29923], Gurung et al. 2013:4882 [ref. 32969], Kottelat 2013:116 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Labeo dyocheilus (McClelland 1839). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Afganistan, India and Nepal to southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

eburneensis, Barbus Poll [M.] 1941:135, Fig. 2 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 34 (no. 2); ref. 13178] Maseï River at confluence with Bon de Boan River, Nuon River system, Ivory Coast. Syntypes: MRAC 66384-87 (4). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:27 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus eburneensis Poll 1941 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:242 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:339 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477]). •Valid as Enteromius eburneensis (Poll 1941) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius eburneensis (Poll 1941). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

eckloni, Gymnocypris Herzenstein [S. M.] 1891:243, Pl. 25 (fig. 1) [Zoologischer Theil, St. Petersburg v. 3 (abt. 2)(3); ref. 4917] Eastern Xizang [Tibet], China, elevation 9200 and 12500 feet. Syntypes: ZIN 7262 (1), 7263 (1), 7318 (4, now 1), 7331 (2, now 1), 8813 (2). •Valid as Gymnocypris eckloni Herzenstein 1891 -- (Tsao 1964:182 [ref. 13501], Tilak 1987:103 [ref. 23969], Wu & Wu 1992:437 [ref. 21205], Ye & Fu in Ding 1994:395 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:93 [ref. 25213], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:235 [ref. 23556], Tang et al. 2016:134 [ref. 34489]). •Valid as Gymnocypris eckloni Herzenstein 1891, subspecies eckloni Herzenstein 1891 -- (Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:361 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:117 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Schizopygopsis eckloni (Herzenstein 1891). Current status: Valid as Schizopygopsis eckloni (Herzenstein 1891). Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Distribution: Tibet, China. Habitat: freshwater.

ectypus, Mystacoleucus Kottelat [M.] 2000:44, Fig. 11 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 25040] Nam Mang downstream of Ban Thabok, between 18°22'25"N, 103°13'30"E, and about 1 kilometer upstream, Vientiane Province, Laos. Holotype: ZRC 45306. Paratypes: CMK 13151 (19), LARRI uncat. (5), NRM 45444 (5), ZRC 45307 (5). •Valid as Mystacoleucus ectypus Kottelat 2000 -- (Kottelat 2001:61 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:125 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:42 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Mystacoleucus ectypus Kottelat 2000. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Mekong bazin and Xe Bangfai: Laos, Thailand and Cambodia. Habitat: freshwater.

edeniana, Schizothorax McClelland [J.] 1842:579 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 2926] Kabul River at Koti-i-Ashruf [Kowt-e-'Ashow, 34°27'N, 68°48'E], Mijdan Valley and Sir-i-Chusmah, Afghanistan. •Valid as Schizothorax edeniana McClelland 1842 -- (Coad 1981:12 [ref. 22348]). Current status: Valid as Schizothorax edeniana McClelland 1842. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: Afghanistan. Habitat: freshwater.

eduardianus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1901:12 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 8 (no. 43) (art. 3); ref. 14749] Albert Edward Nyanza [Lake Edward]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1906.9.7.41. •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900, but a valid subspecies -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:222 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:10 [ref. 17656]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ekmekciae, Capoeta Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.], Kirankaya [S. G.] & Engin [S.] 2006:148, Figs. 1-2, 4a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 17 (no. 2); ref. 28700] Çoruh River, Borçka, 30 kilometers north of Artvin, 41°22'N, 41°41'E, Artvin Province, Turkey. Holotype: ESFM-PISI/2004-076. Paratypes: CMK 18473 (3), 18554 (7); ESFM-PISI/2004-077 (4); FRR 704 (6). •Valid as Capoeta ekmekciae Turan, Kottelat, Kirankaya & Engin 2006 -- (Fricke et al. 2007:35 [ref. 29533], Özuluğ & Freyhof 2008:293 [ref. 29981], Bektaş et al. 2011:67 [ref. 31470], Çiçek et al. 2015:143 [ref. 35151], Zareian et al. 2016:71 [ref. 34282], Zareian et al. 2017:23 [ref. 35636], Çiçek et al. 2018:4 [ref. 36267], Elp et al. 2018:103 [ref. 35851]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta ekmekciae Turan, Kottelat, Kirankaya & Engin 2006. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Turkey: Çoruh River basin (Black Sea tributary), Artvin Province. Habitat: freshwater.

elatus, Cyprinus Bonaparte [C. L.] 1836:fasc. 18, punt. 92, Pl. 108 (fig. 3) [Iconografia della fauna italica; ref. 4892] Lake Bracciano and Lake Vico near Ronciglione and ditches leading to Lake Trajano, Italy. Syntypes: ANSP 6614 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:75 [ref. 13621] as holotype. •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1949:831 [ref. 20661], Kottelat 1997:57 [ref. 22952], Barus et al. in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:85 [ref. 25856], Kottelat 2013:94 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

elbahrica, Garra tibanica Balletto [E.] & Spanò [S.] 1977:277, Fig. 5.2 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 81; ref. 7231] Wadi al-Bahr, Yemen. Holotype: MSNG 46547 [ex 333]. Paratypes: MSNG 46547 (holotype and many paratypes), Ist. Zool. Univ. Genova (orig. 50). •Synonym of Garra tibanica Trewavas 1941 -- (Krupp 1983:608 [ref. 8320]). •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) based on placement of tibanica. Current status: Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

elegans, Bangana Kottelat [M.] 1998:23, Figs. 16-17 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 23436] Nam Gnouang, a tributary of Nam Theun entering it downriver of Ban Thabak, Laos, 18°16'50"N, 104°38'00"E. Holotype: ZRC 41779. Paratypes: CMK 12749 (3), 12761 (2); DFV uncat. (2). •Valid as Bangana elegans Kottelat 1998 -- (Kottelat 2001:40 [ref. 25780], Luo & Zhou 2009:66 [ref. 30000], Kottelat & Steiner 2011:317 [ref. 31189], Kottelat 2013:75 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:40 [ref. 33971]). •Valid as Altigena elegans (Kottelat 1998) -- (Kottelat 2017:494 [ref. 35262]). Current status: Valid as Altigena elegans (Kottelat 1998). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

elegans, Carassius auratus Bade [E.] 1894:13 [Der Goldfisch; ref. 34766] Domesticated aquarium fish. No types known. •Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

elegans, Crossocheilus Kottelat [M.] & Tan [H. H.] 2011:195, Fig. 1 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 59 (no. 2); ref. 31486] Danum Valley, Kinabatangan drainage, stream at km 111 on main line west after turnoff to Borneo Rainforest Lodge, 5°01'06.0"N, 117°32'38.4"E, Sabah, Borneo. Holotype: ZRC 51184. Paratypes: CMK 2012 [ex ZRC 43974] (3); ZRC 40395 (3), 40420 (1). •Valid as Crossocheilus elegans Kottelat & Tan 2011 -- (Kottelat 2013:90 [ref. 32989], Ciccotto et al. 2017:277 [ref. 35402]). Current status: Valid as Crossocheilus elegans Kottelat & Tan 2011. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Segama and Kinabatangan river drainages, Sabah, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

elegans, Discognathus Annandale [N.] 1919:76, Pls. 9 (fig. 4), 11 (fig. 5) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 18 (pt 1); ref. 15203] Nierolay stream, base of Nilgiris, India. Holotype: ZSI F9798/1. Paratypes: BMNH 1919.8.16.6 (1); ZSI F9794/1 (1), F9795/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:110 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:357 [ref. 27706] dated 1921. •Synonym of Garra mcclellandi (Jerdon 1849) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:428 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:148 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196]). Current status: Synonym of Garra mcclellandi (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

elegans, Tylognathus Günther [A.] 1868:64 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Mesopotamia? Syntypes: (numerous) BMNH 1850.10.21.31-35 (5), 1850.10.21.36 (1, c&s). •Valid as Hemigarra elegans (Günther 1868) -- (Coad 1981:11 [ref. 22348]). •Valid as Hemigrammocapoeta elegans (Günther 1868) -- (Coad 1991:17 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:18 [ref. 23608], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Coad 2010:187 [ref. 36620], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:873 [ref. 34062]). •Valid as Garra elegans (Günther 1868) -- (Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:197 [ref. 34083], Freyhof 2016:497 [ref. 34805], Esmaeili et al. 2017:46 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:27 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Garra elegans (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Tigris River drainage, Iraq and probably Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

elephantis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:310, Fig. 91 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1907 (pt 2) (art. 1); ref. 15132] Groot Olifant River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1907.3.15.36. •Valid as Barbus elephantis Boulenger 1907 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:243 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus polylepis (Boulenger 1907) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:29, 67 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus polylepis (Boulenger 1907). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

ellicola, Cyprinus Hermann [J.] 1804:318 [Observationes zoologicae; ref. 2146] No locality. •Placement uncertain -- (Kottelat 1997:184 [ref. 22952]). Cyprinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

ellipticus, Carassius Heckel [J. J.] 1848:194 [Berichte über die Mittheilungen von Freunden der Naturwissenschaften in Wien v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 18256] Name only, not available. •In the synonymy of Carassius gibelio (Bloch 1782) -- (Kottelat 1997:52 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Carassius gibelio (Bloch 1782). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

elongata, Garra Vishwanath [W.] & Kosygin [L.] 2000:408, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-3) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 97 (pt 3); ref. 25322] Hill stream near Tolloi, 25°12'N, 94°20'E, Chindwin basin, Manipur, India, elevation about 2016 meters. Holotype: MUMF 2311. Paratypes: MUMF 2308-10 (3). •Valid as Garra elongata Vishwanath & Kosygin 2000 -- (Kullander & Fang 2004:265 [ref. 27857], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2355 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:5 [ref. 31861], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715], Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989] with question, Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:110 [ref. 33006], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:312 [ref. 33758], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:272 [ref. 34052], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747] as elongatus, Roni et al. 2017:374 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:134 [ref. 35625], Premananda et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35861], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749], Gong et al. 2018:865 [ref. 36387], Moyon & Arunkumar 2018:113 [ref. 36388]). Current status: Valid as Garra elongata Vishwanath & Kosygin 2000. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

elongata, Vinagarra Nguyen [V. H.] & Bui [T. A.] 2010:52 or 53 [Science and Technology journal of Agriculture & Rural Development (Nông Nghiêp & Phát Triên Nông Thôn) 2010; ref. 33207] Tam Duong district, Lai Chau Province, Northern Vietnam. Holotype: RIA I LC.06.05.012. Paratypes: RIA 1 LC 06.05.013-016 (4). Spelled elonggata in English summary, an inadvertent error. •Valid as Vinagarra elongata Nguyen & Bui 2010 -- (Endruweit 2014:149 [ref. 33205], Zheng et al. 2016:303 [ref. 34363]). Current status: Valid as Vinagarra elongata Nguyen & Bui 2010. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Tan Duong district, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Barbus Seale [A.] 1910:265, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [The Philippine Journal of Science, Section D v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 14808] Sandakan, Sabah state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Holotype (unique): BSMP 2566 (lost). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus elongatus Rüppell 1836. •Synonym of Puntius binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:61 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Barbus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:11, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Museum Senckenbergianum: Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der beschreibenden Naturgeschichte, von Mitgliedern der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 3845] Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Holotype (unique): SMF 6779 (dry). Separates published in 1835; see reference 3845. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:251 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Crossochilus Pellegrin [J.] & Chevey [P.] 1934:340, 468, Fig. 3 (addendum) [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 59; ref. 16448] Ngoi-Thai River at Nghia Lô, Tonkin, northern Vietnam. Holotype: MNHN 1934-263. Paratypes: (1) IOI 464 (1); MGHNL 42000281 [3584B] (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:54 [ref. 19574], Kottelat 1986:22 [ref. 11434]. Original genus is correctly Crossocheilus. See Kottelat 2000:38 [ref. 25040]. •Valid as Crossochilus elongatus Pellegrin & Chevey 1934 -- (Mai 1978:104 [ref. 13511]). •Valid as Acrossocheilus elongatus (Pellegrin & Chevey 1934) -- (Wu et al. 1977:284 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:204 [ref. 13584], Zheng et al. 1989:182 [ref. 21202], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:149 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:58 [ref. 25213], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:110 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Onychostoma elongatum (Pellegrin & Chevey 1934) -- (Kottelat 2000:84 [ref. 25486], Kottelat 2001:31 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2001:63 [ref. 25780], Xin et al. 2009:261 [ref. 30708], Kottelat 2013:129 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Onychostoma elongatum (Pellegrin & Chevey 1934). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: Vietnam and China. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Cyprinus carpio var. Walecki [A.] 1863:341, 359 [Wiadomosci Z Nauk [Science News] v. 4; ref. 22954] Unneeded new name for Cyprinus hungaricus Heckel 1836. Also in Walecki 1864:37 [ref. 22969] •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:57 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2013:95 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

elongatus, Discogobio Huang [S.-Y.] 1989:357 [360], Fig. 3 [Zoological Research v. 10 (no. 4); ref. 17676] Xuanwei, Zhujiang River system, Yunnan Province, China. Syntypes: KIZ (21). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:349 [ref. 32939]. English description on p. 360. •Valid as Discogobio elongatus Huang 1989 -- (Chu et al. 1993:243 [ref. 21976], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:256 [ref. 25272], Zhang & Zhou 2012:24 [ref. 32322] as elongates, Zhang et al. 2016:109 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Discogobio elongatus Huang 1989. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Ynnnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Parapsilorhynchus Singh [D. F.] 1994:283, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 91 (pt 2); ref. 22587] Ghod River, Khondwal village, Ambegaon taluka, Pune District, Maharashtra, India, 19°04'N, 73°32'E, elevation 980 meters. Holotype: SACON P/3. Paratypes: SACON P/4 (3). •Valid as Parapsilorhynchus elongatus Singh 1994 -- (Yadav 2000:41 [ref. 25661], Baliarsingh & Kosygin 2017:49 [ref. 35747], Bleher 2018:649 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Parapsilorhynchus elongatus Singh 1994. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Schizothorax Huang [S.-Y.] 1985:212 [216], Fig. 4 [Zoological Research v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 8154] Tonbiguan, Yingjiang Xian, Yunnan Province, China. Syntypes: KIZ (10). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:350 [ref. 32939]. English description on p. 216. •Valid as Schizothorax elongatus Huang 1985 -- (Mo in Chu & Chen 1989:294 [ref. 13584], Wu & Wu 1992:394 [ref. 21205], Zhu 1995:88 [ref. 25213], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:192 [ref. 23556], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:286 [ref. 25272], Yang et al. 2009:38 [ref. 30052], Yang et al. 2013:365 [ref. 32818], Zhang et al. 2016:122 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Oreinus elongatus (Huang 1985) -- (Kottelat 2013:133 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Oreinus elongatus (Huang 1985). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Spinibarbus Oshima [M.] 1920:127, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 72; ref. 3313] Buraku River, Ako, Taiwan. Holotype: ANSP 49949. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:75 [ref. 13621], Ho & Shao 2011:30 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Spinibarbus elongatus Oshima 1919 -- (Zhu 1995:51 [ref. 25213]). •Valid as Barbodes elongatus (Oshima 1919) -- (Wu et al. 1977:255 [ref. 4807]). •Synonym of Spinibarbus hollandi Oshima 1919 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:30 [ref. 31432], Zhang et al. 2016:104 [ref. 34477] [not in China]). Current status: Synonym of Spinibarbus hollandi Oshima 1919. Cyprinidae: Spinibarbinae. Distribution: Taiwan. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Varicorhinus Fang [P.-W.] 1940:138 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 65; ref. 13122] San-Fan, Lo-Chien-Hsien, northern Kouan-Si (Kwangsi), China. Holotype: NRIBAS M.258. Paratypes: MNHN 1940-0137 (1), NRIBAS (?1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:47-48 [ref. 19574]. Junior secondary homonym of Crossocheilus elongatus (Pellegrin & Chevey 1934) -- (Kottelat 2000:84 [ref. 25486]); replaced by Onychostoma fangi Kottelat 2000. See Rainboth 1996:98 [ref. 22772]. •Valid as Onychostoma elongata (Fang 1940) -- (Bănărescu 1971:245 [ref. 7666]). •Valid as Varicorhinus elongatus Fang 1940 -- (Wu et al. 1977:311 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:217 [ref. 13584], Zheng et al. 1989:192 [ref. 21202], Zhu 1995:61 [ref. 25213], Kottelat 1998:41 [ref. 23436]). •Synonym of Onychostoma fangi Kottelat 2000 -- (Xin et al. 2009:261 [ref. 30378], Kottelat 2013:129 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Onychostoma fangi Kottelat 2000. Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Habitat: freshwater.

emarginata, Garra Kurup [B. M.] & Radhakrishnan [K. V.] 2011:220, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 107 (no. 3) [2010]; ref. 31583] Pooyamkutty, Periyar River, Kerala, India. Holotype: ZSI-WGRS V/F 13033. Paratypes: CUSAT, Regn No. 1, 62a, 62b, 63c (3). •Valid as Garra emarginata Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011 -- (Arunachalam et al.2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484], Bleher 2018:480 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Garra emarginata Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Periyar River drainage, Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

encobia, Carassius Bonaparte [C. L.] 1845:3 [Catalogo metodico dei Ciprinidi d'Europa, ...; ref. 13472] No distinguishing features, not available. •In the synonymy of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:51 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2013:85 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

endecanalis, Puntius Roberts [T. R.] 1989:62, Fig. 45 [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences No. 14; ref. 6439] Forest stream flowing into Sungai Mandai 2-3 kilometers upstream from its confluence with Kapuas River, Borneo, Indonesia, 0°47"N, 112°48'E. Holotype: MZB 4003. Paratypes: (22) BMNH 1982.3.29.38-39 (2); CAS 49261 (3); FMNH 94213 (2); MNHN 1982-0678; MZB 3289 (?), 3290-91 (1, 1); RMNH 28840 (1); UMMZ 209895 (2); USNM 23012 (3); ZMA 116523 (1). •Valid as Puntius endecanalis Roberts 1989 -- (Kottelat 1992:187 [ref. 16750], Kottelat et al. 1993:42 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:154 [ref. 28284]). •Valid as Systomus endecanalis Roberts 1989 -- (Tan 2012:285 [ref. 32058]). •Valid as Desmopuntius endecanilas -- (Kottelat 2013:97 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Valid as Desmopuntius endecanalis (Roberts 1989). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

endecarhapis, Schismatorhynchos Siebert [D. J.] & Tjakrawidjaja [A. H.] 1998:105, Figs. 1C, 3, 7 [Bulletin of the Natural History Museum London (Zoology) v. 64 (no. 1); ref. 23404] Barito River drainage, Sungai Laung at Desa Maruwei, Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia, 0°21.986'S, 114°44.103'E. Holotype: MZB 6092. Paratypes: BMNH 1993.5.12.1-19 (19), MZB 3434 (1); plus non-type materials. •Valid as Schismatorhynchos endecarhapis Siebert & Tjakrawidjaja 1998 -- (Kottelat 2013:160 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Schismatorhynchos endecarhapis Siebert & Tjakrawidjaja 1998. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

enneaporos, Rohita Bleeker [P.] 1852:596 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 334] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.5.2.172. Bleeker specimens: SMNS 10590 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:13 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:33 [ref. 29864]. Original spelling was enneaporos; enneaporus in common use. Fricke 2005:33 [ref. 29864] regarded SMNS 10590 as a syntype and BMNMH 1866.5.2.172 as a non-type. •Valid as Osteochilus enneaporus (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1989:47 [ref. 6439], Karnasuta 1993:31 [ref. 20700], Kottelat et al. 1993:39 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:231 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:116 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:9 [ref. 22832], Ng & Tan 1999:353 [ref. 24159], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:151 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:183 [ref. 28285] as enneaporos, Tan & Kottelat 2009:43 [ref. 30261], Kottelat & Tan 2009:4 [ref. 30259], Kottelat 2013:134 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Osteochilus enneaporos (Bleeker 1852). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

enoploides, Barbus Tirant [G.] 1885:[157] [Notes sur les poissons de la Basse-Cochinchine et du Cambodge. v. 10; ref. 17923] Cochinchine [? southern Vietnam]. Lectotype: MHNL 4200-0260. Paralectotypes: ?RMNH 7012 (some of 6), 11905 (1). Type catalog: Chevey 1937:250 [ref. 31779]. On p. 157 of reprint in Chevey 1929 [ref. 16215]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1986:9 [ref. 11434]. •Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys enoplos (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 1986:9, 21 [ref. 11434], Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Cyclocheilos enoplus (Bleeker 1949) -- (Kottelat 2013:93 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilos enoplos (Bleeker 1849). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

enoplos, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1849:16 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 12); ref. 16883] Kalimas River, Surabaya, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes and/or Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.142 (1); NMV 46585 (1); RMNH 7012 (some of 6), 11905 (1). •Valid as Cyclocheilichthys enoplos (Bleeker 1849) -- (Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:34 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:88 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25780], Pasco-Veil et al. 2012:52 [ref. 32355], Sulaiman et al. 2018:27 [ref. 35802]). •Valid as Cyclocheilos enoplos (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 2013:93 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Cyclocheilos enoplos (Bleeker 1849). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Java and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

enoplos, Capoeta Bleeker [P.] 1851:431 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16897] Sambas, western Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:92 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

ensifer, Varicorhinus Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:545 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 6 (no. 36); ref. 577] Lucala River at Lucala, Angola (±9°16'23"S, 15°14'42"E). Syntypes: ANSP 37994-38001 (8), BMNH 1910.11.28.134-144 (11), NMW 48864 (10), ZMB 18213 (8). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:75 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Varicorhinus ensifer Boulenger 1910 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:337 [ref. 6186], Getahun et al. 2004:159 [ref. 27830]). •Valid as Labeobarbus ensifer (Boulenger 1910) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus ensifer (Boulenger 1910). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

ensis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:549 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 6 (no. 36); ref. 577] Lucala River at Lucala, Angola (±9°16'23"S, 15°14'42"E). Syntypes: (15) ANSP 37902-03 (2), BMNH 1911.6.1.11-18 (8), NMW 54083 (4), ZMB 18217 (4). USNM lots 28297, 28373, 29223, 29536 and 29611 are lost. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:75 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Barbus ensis Boulenger 1910 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:243 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius ensis (Boulenger 1910) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694]). •Valid as Labeobarbus ensis (Boulenger 1910) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus ensis (Boulenger 1910). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

entmema, Tylognathus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:134, Figs. 101-102 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Silom Canal, Bangkok, Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 59092. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:14 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:75 [ref. 13621]. •Mention in genus Henicorhynchus -- (Kottelat 1984:803 [ref. 11440]). •Synonym of Henicorhynchus caudimaculatus (Fowler 1934) -- (Rainboth 1996:111 [ref. 22772] as entema). •Synonym of Cirrhinus siamensis (Sauvage 1881) -- (Roberts 1997:196 [ref. 23550]). •Synonym of Henicorhynchus siamensis (Sauvage 1881) -- (Kottelat 2001:54 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Gymnostomus siamensis (Sauvage 1881) -- (Kottelat 2013:109 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Henicorhynchus siamensis (Sauvage 1881). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

eques, Barbus Bonaparte [C. L.] 1839:fasc. 25, punt. 129, Pl. 110 (fig. 2) [Iconografia della fauna italica; ref. 4895] Arno River, Toscana, Italy. Lectotype: ANSP 6145. Paralectotypes: ANSP 6144 (1), 6146-49 (4); ? USNM 10103 (3). Appeared first as Barbus plebius, without distinguishing features and not available in Cuvier 1829:273 [ref. 995]. Also appeared in Bonaparte 1839, fasc. 25 and pl. 110 [ref. 4895] as plebejus and in Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:139 [ref. 1009] as plebeius. Lectotype selected by Bianco 1995:307 [ref. 21944]. •Synonym of Barbus plebejus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Bianco 1995:307 [ref. 21944], Kottelat 1997:50 [ref. 22952], Bianco in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:339 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus tyberinus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Bianco in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:427 [ref. 27353] in part, but not the lectotype). Current status: Synonym of Barbus plebejus Bonaparte 1839. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

eques, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:141, Pl. 463 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Florence, Italy. Lectotype: MNHN A-6913. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2582 [ex MNHN A-6913] (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:23 [ref. 19574], Almaça 1969:1131 [ref. 20712]. Appeared first as name only, not available in Cuvier 1829:273 [ref. 995]. Lectotype selected by Almaça 1969:1131 [ref. 20712]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus eques Bonaparte 1839. •Synonym of Barbus tyberinus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Bianco 1995:313 [ref. 21944]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus tyberinus Bonaparte 1839. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ercisianus, Barbus plebejus Karaman [M. S.] 1971:204 [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 67; ref. 2560] Ercis, Lake Van and road from Ercis to Patnos, Turkey. Syntypes: ZMH H4208 and 3566 (5), H3567 (13). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:157 [ref. 22013]. •Questionably a synonym of Barbus plebejus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Kottelat 1997:50 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Barbus ercisianus Karaman 1971 -- (Fricke et al. 2007:32 [ref. 29533], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Çiçek et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36267], Şen et al. 2019:67 [ref. 36474]). •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843 -- (Khaefi et al. 2017:100 [ref. 35344]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Turkey: Van Gölü tributaries, Van and Bitlis provinces [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

erhani, Capoeta Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Ekmekçi [F. G.] 2008:264, Figs. 1-2a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 19 (no. 3); ref. 29989] Ceyhan drainage, Menzelet Reservoir, Geçit stream on road from Kahramanmaraş to Adana, 37°37'N, 36°39'E, Kahramanmaraş Province, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 776. Paratypes: CGE (5); CMK 18473 (3); FFR 768 (14), 769 (12), 770 (4). •Valid as Capoeta erhani Turan, Kottelat & Ekmekçi 2008 -- (Çiçek et al. 2015:143 [ref. 35151], Zareian et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34227], Turan et al. 2017:437 [ref. 35330], Çiçek et al. 2018:4 [ref. 36267], Elp et al. 2018:103 [ref. 35851]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta erhani Turan, Kottelat & Ekmekçi 2008. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Turkey: Ceyhan River drainage (Mediterranean Sea tributary). Habitat: freshwater.

erinaceus, Lobocheilos Kottelat [M.] & Tan [H. H.] 2008:30, Fig. 4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 29715] Danum Valley, stream at kilometer 111 on main line west after turnoff to Borneo Rainforest Lodge, 5°10'06"N, 117°32'38"E, Sabah, Borneo. Holotype: ZRC 51171. Paratypes: CMK 20117 [ex ZRC 49227] (2); ZRC 44019 (2), 49226 (1), 49228 (3), 49229 (1). Name is a noun in apposition. •Valid as Lobocheilos erinaceus Kottelat & Tan 2008 -- (Kottelat 2013:120 [ref. 32989], Ciccotto & Tan 2018:550 [ref. 35856]). Current status: Valid as Lobocheilos erinaceus Kottelat & Tan 2008. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Kinabatangan River basin, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

erlangeri, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1904:331, Pl. 30 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1903, v. 2 (pt 2) (art. 3); ref. 15110] Wabbi, Modjo and Irano rivers, Webi Shebeli system, Gallaland, southern Ethiopia. Syntypes: (14) BMNH 1903.11.16.1-4 (4) Modjo R., 1903.11.16.5-6 (2) Wabbi R., 1903.11.16.7 (1) Irano R. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:253 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

erubescens, Barbus Skelton [P. H.] 1974:2, Figs. 1-3 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 13; ref. 7472] Suurvlei River, Olifants River system, western Cape Province, South Africa, 32°38'56"S, 19°12'21"E. Holotype: AMG P2424. Paratypes: AMG P2425-P2429 (21, 2, 2, 2, 2); BMNH 1974.6.13.1-10 (10); MRAC 192171-74 (4), 192175-80 (6); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 74-265 to 74-269 (1, 1, 1, 6, 1). Type catalog: Skelton & Stuart 1987:182 [ref. 12628]. •Valid as Barbus erubescens Skelton 1974 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:243 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1988:300 [ref. 7302], Skelton 1993:154 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:154 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Pseudobarbus erubescens (Skelton 1974) -- (Yang et al. 2015:89, 112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417] as Pseudobarbus). •Valid as Sedercypris erubescens (Skelton 1974) -- (Skelton et al. 2018:19 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Sedercypris erubescens (Skelton 1974). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Twee River basin, Clanwilliam - Olifants River system, southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

erythopterus, Diplocheilus van Hasselt [J. C.] 1823:133 [Algemeene Konst- en Letter-bode voor het Jaar II Deel (no. 35); ref. 5963] Not available, no distinguishing features; from near Buitenzorg, Java (see Alfred 1961:85 [ref. 20553], Kottelat 1987:371 [ref. 5962]). Also spelled deplocheilus. Also in van Hasselt 1824:376 [ref. 5964]. •In the synonymy of Labeo erythropterus Valenciennes 1842 -- (Roberts 1993:16 [ref. 21799], Kottelat 2013:116 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo erythropterus Valenciennes 1842. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

erythrogenys, Gymnostomus Mai [D. Y.] (ex Hao & Hoa) 1978:49 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Mountain streams of northern Vietnam. Syntypes: ?DVZUT. Apparently unavailable from Hao & Hoa 1969 according to Kottelat 1989:1102 [ref. 14361], but Kottelat 2001 [ref. 25482] reversed this interpretation and dated to Nguyen & Doan [= Hao & Hoa] 1969. •See account of Varicorhinus erythrogenys Nguyen & Doan 1969. Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae.

erythrogenys, Varicorhinus Nguyen [V. H.] & Doan [L. H.] 1969:13, Fig. 12 in ref. 29795 [Some data on composition, origin, and distribution of cyprinid species in northern Vietnam; ref. 25483] Suoi Rut stream, Hoa Binh Province and Thac Ba, Yen Bai Province, Vietnam. Lectotype: RIAH 1068. Paralectotypes: (2) RIAH 1068 (1). See Kottelat 2001:113, 120 [ref. 25482] for availability issues. Spelled in more than one way originally, and Kottelat 2001:120 [ref. 25482] as first reviser selected erythrogenys. See Nguyen & Doan 2008 [ref. 29793] for an English translation of ref. 25483. Lectotype selected by Roberts & Catania 2008:93 [ref. 29794]. •Tentative synonym of Onychostoma lepturus (Boulenger 1900) -- (Kottelat 2001:32 [ref. 25482]). •Referable to Onychostoma -- (Roberts & Catania 2008:96 [ref. 29794], Xin et al. 2009:260 [ref. 30708]). •Questionably a synonym of Onychostoma leptura (Boulenger 1900) -- (Kottelat et al. 2013:129 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Onychostoma lepturus (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

erythromycter, Puntius Kullander [S. O.] 2008:62, Figs. 2-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 29716] Hap Lap Chaung just south of Yuzana Myaing village, 8 kilometers left from Myitkyina-Myitzon road kilometer 11, Ayeyarwaddy River drainage, Kachin State, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 56987. Paratypes: 511 specimens at NRM. Name is a noun in apposition. •Valid as Puntius erythromycter Kullander 2008 -- (Kullander & Britz 2008:61 [ref. 29861]). •Valid as Pethia erythromycter (Kullander 2008) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:81 [ref. 32071], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2013:88 [ref. 32976], Kottelat 2013:140 [ref. 32989], Katwate et al. 2014:244 [ref. 33433], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2018:590 [ref. 35803]). Current status: Valid as Pethia erythromycter (Kullander 2008). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Near Myitkyina and in Lake Indaeegyi, Chindwin-Irrawaddy basin, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

erythropterus, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1849:15 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 12); ref. 16883] Kalimas River, Surabaya, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes and/or Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.195 (1), RMNH 7016 (1), 10346 [ex RMNH 7016] (5). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:27-28 [ref. 19574]. •Synonymy of Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:80 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

erythropterus, Diplocheilus van Hasselt [J. C.] 1823:133 [Algemeene Konst- en Letter-bode voor het Jaar II Deel (no. 35); ref. 5963] Not available, no distingushing features; from Java (see Alfred 1961:86 [ref. 20553] and Roberts 1993:16 [ref. 21799]). Also in van Hasselt 1824:376 [ref. 5964]. Dates to Labeo erythropterus Valenciennes 1842. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

erythropterus, Labeo Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:354 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Rivers of Bantam, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH D2277 (dry). Type information: Roberts 1993:16 [ref. 21799]. See discussion in Kottelat 2013:116 [ref. 32989] on type specimens. •Valid as Labeo erythropterus Valenciennes 1842 -- (Roberts 1993:16-17 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:36 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:112 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Roberts 2007:302 [ref. 29792], Tan & Kottelat 2009:38 [ref. 30261], Kottelat 2013:116 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Labeo erythropterus Valenciennes 1842. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

erythropterus, Lissochilus Tang [D.-S.] 1942:157 [Lingnan Science Journal, Canton v. 20 (nos 2-4); ref. 4335] Nan-ming River, Kweiyang, Kweichow Province, China. Holotype (unique): NKMC P0095. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

erythrospila, Mekongina Fowler [H. W.] 1937:200, Figs. 161-162 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Mekong River at Kemrat [Kemarat], Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68158. Paratypes: ANSP 68159-66 (8), 68167 (1), 68168 (1, c&s); USNM 109429 (2). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:9 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:75 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Mekongina erythrospila Fowler 1937 -- (Rainboth 1996:122 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:38 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:59 [ref. 25780], Yang et al. 2008:2005 [ref. 29921], Kottelat 2013:123 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:42 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Mekongina erythrospila Fowler 1937. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Mekong River drainages and Xe Bangfai: Cambodia, Laos and Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

erythrostictus, Morulius Fowler [H. W.] 1934:127, Figs. 85-86 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Chieng Mai, northern Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 57438. Paratypes: ANSP 57439 (1). Additional material: (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:75 [ref. 13621]. •In a category synonyms/misidentifications under Morulius chrysophekadion (Bleeker 1850) -- (Rainboth 1996:115 [ref. 22772]). •Synonym of Labeo chrysophekadion (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 2001:57 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:115 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo chrysophekadion (Bleeker 1849). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

erythrozonus, Barbus Poll [M.] & Lambert [J. G.] 1959:106, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 60 (nos 1-2); ref. 12015] Foulakari River, French Equatorial Africa. Holotype: MRAC 125184. Paratypes: MRAC 125185 (1). •Valid as Barbus erythrozonus Poll & Lambert 1959 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:243 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius erythrozonus (Poll & Lambert 1959) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius erythrozonus (Poll & Lambert 1959). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

erythrura, Labeo Fowler [H. W.] 1937:204, Figs. 171-172 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Mekong River at Kemrat [Kemarat], Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68180. Paratypes: ANSP 68181-83 (3). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:7 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:76 [ref. 13621]. •Included in a category synonyms/misidentifications under Epalzeorhynchos munense (Smith 1934) -- (Rainboth 1996:120 [ref. 22772]). •Synonym of Epalzeorhynchos munense Smith 1934 -- (Yang & Winterbottom 1998:49 [ref. 23307] as munensis). •Synonym of Epalzeorhynchos frenatum (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 1998:28 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:49 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:101 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Epalzeorhynchos frenatum (Fowler 1934). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

erythrura, Rohita Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:268 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Bogor, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type information: Roberts 1993:20 [ref. 21799]. Simultaneous subjective synonym of vittatus; first revisor Bleker 1860:180 gave precedence to vittatus. •Synonym of Osteochilus hasseltii (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1993:19 [ref. 21799] as hasselti). •Mention with status uncertain -- (Guibé & Spillmann 1958:463 [ref. 26589]). •Mention -- (Kottelat & Tan 2009:5 [ref. 30259]). •Synonym of Osteochilus vittatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:136 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Osteochilus vittatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

escherichii, Barbus lacerta var. Steindachner [F.] 1897:688 [4], Pl. 2 (figs. 1-1a) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 64; ref. 14691] Ankara [Angora], Turkey. Syntypes: (several) NMW 54086-87 (4, 4), 54158 (7), 54232-33 (1, 3), 78221 (1). The correct spelling is escherichii. •Questionably a synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837 -- (Kottelat 1997:49 [ref. 22952], Bianco 1998:132 [ref. 23811]). •Synonym of Barbus tauricus Kessler 1877, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1949:692 [ref. 20661], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:89 [ref. 23589], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:397 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus escherichii (Steindachner 1897) -- (Turan et al. 2008:42 [ref. 29741] but misspelled scheich, Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151]). •Valid as Barbus escherichii Steindachner 1897 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:47 [ref. 28183], Fricke et al. 2007:33 [ref. 29533], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:165 [ref. 31251], Turan et al. 2009:16 [ref. 29999], Çiçek et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36267], Turan et al. 2018:542 [ref. 36092]). Current status: Valid as Barbus escherichii Steindachner 1897. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Turkey: northern Anatolian Black Sea watersheds to eastern Black Sea drainages, Russia. Habitat: freshwater.

esocinus, Luciobarbus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1054 [64] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Tigris River, Mosul, Iraq. Syntypes: NMW 54088 (2), 54091-92 (1, 1); SMF 454 [ex NMW] (1), 6785 [ex NMW] (1). Illustrated by Heckel 1843: Pl. 4, fig. 2 [ref. 2067]. On p. 64 of separate [ref. 2067]. •May be a synonym of Barbus xanthopterus (Heckel 1843) -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869]). •Valid as Barbus esocinus (Heckel 1843) -- (Coad 2010:108 [ref. 36620]). •Valid as Luciobarbus esocinus Heckel 1843 -- (Fricke et al. 2007:42 [ref. 29533], Turan et al. 2008:42 [ref. 29741], Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912]. Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:875 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:32 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus esocinus Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Euphrates and Tigris river systems: Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

esocinus, Schizothorax Heckel [J. J.] 1838:48, Pl. 9 [Fische aus Caschmir; ref. 2063] Kashmir. Holotype (unique): NMW 9011. •Valid as Schizothoraichthys esocinus (Heckel 1838) -- (Shrestha 1978:37 [ref. 15970], Tilak 1987:168 [ref. 23969], Tilak 1990:135 [ref. 23720], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:402 [ref. 20764], Karmakar 2000:30 [ref. 25662]). •Valid as Racoma esocina (Heckel 1838) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:347 [ref. 21205]). •Valid as Schizocypris esocinus (Heckel 1838) -- (Rafique 2000:324 [ref. 25220]). •Valid as Schizopyge esocinus (Heckel 1838) -- (Mirza & Afridi 2002:172 [ref. 26429], Mirza 2003:11 [ref. 27265]). •Valid as Schizothorax esocinus Heckel 1838 -- (Coad 1981:12 [ref. 22348], Kullander et al. 1999:127 [ref. 23689], Menon 1999:110 [ref. 24904], Zhang et al. 2016:122 [ref. 34477] as esocina). Current status: Valid as Schizothorax esocinus Heckel 1838. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: Asia: Afganistan, Pakistan and India. Habitat: freshwater.

ethelwynnae, Garra Menon [A. G. K.] 1958:450, Fig. 1 [Current Science v. 27 (no. 11); ref. 12092] Salamona, Eritrea. Holotype: BMNH 1950.5.31.19. Paratypes: BMNH 1950.5.31.20 (1), ZSI F859/2 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:109 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:358 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Garra ethelwynnae Menon 1958 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:302 [ref. 6186], Stiassny & Getahun 2007:54 [ref. 29119], Rahman et al. 2016:178 [ref. 34903]). Current status: Valid as Garra ethelwynnae Menon 1958. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Eritrea. Habitat: freshwater.

ethiopicus, Barbus Zolezzi [G.] 1939:369, Fig. 1 [Bollettino di Pesca, Piscicoltura e Idrobiologia v. 15 (no. 4); ref. 17252] Lake Zwai, Ethiopia (±8°00'N, 38°48'E). Holotype: MCZR. Non-types: BMNH 1971.7.12.1-3 (3), Lab. Cent. Idrobiologia, Roma (1). •Valid as Barbus ethiopicus Zolezzi 1939 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:243 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus ethiopicus (Zolezzi 1939) -- (Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:853 [ref. 34067], de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Levin et al. 2015:403 [ref. 34851], Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus ethiopicus (Zolezzi 1939). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

euboicus, Barbus Stephanidis [A.] 1950:202 [Praktlika tes Akademia Athenon v. 18; ref. 12807] Small streams on Evia [= Eúboia] Island, Greece. Syntypes: lost during WWII. •Synonym of Barbus plebeius Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lelek 1987:163 [ref. 22962] as plebejus). •Synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837 -- (Bianco 1998:132 [ref. 23811]). •Valid as Barbus euboicus Stephanidis 1950 -- (Economidis 1995:204 [ref. 23025], Bianco et al. 1996:52 [ref. 26724], Kottelat 1997:49 [ref. 22952], Economidis & Daoulas in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:201 [ref. 27353], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:125 [ref. 29996], Barbieri et al. 2015:46 [ref. 35029]). Current status: Valid as Barbus euboicus Stephanidis 1950. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Evia Island, Greece. Habitat: freshwater.

euchilus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1920:400, Fig. 7 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1919 (pts 3-4) (art. 25); ref. 15206] Tumbwe, a village southwest of the Kalemie River, on a small stream flowing into Niemba River, tributary of Lukuga River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1919.7.24.7. •Synonym of Barbus caudovittatus Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:239 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus caudovittatus (Boulenger 1902) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus caudovittatus (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

eugrammus, Puntius Silas [E. G.] 1956:194 [Copeia 1956 (no. 3); ref. 12225] Marawand, Bangka, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 4015. Replacement name for Barbus fasciatus Bleeker 1853, preoccupied by Barbus fasciatus Jerdon 1849. •Synonym of Puntius johorensis (Duncker 1904) -- (Kottelat 1992:188 [ref. 16750], Kottelat 1996:307 [ref. 22841]). •Synonym of Systomus johorensis (Duncker 1904) -- (authors). •Mention -- (Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:154 [ref. 28284]). •Valid as Puntius eugrammus Silas 1956 -- (Roberts 1989:64 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:43 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832]). •Mention -- (Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:154 [ref. 28284]). •Synonym of Desmopuntius johorensis (Duncker 1904) -- (Kottelat 2013:97 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Desmopuntius johorensis (Duncker 1904). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Indonesia [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

eumystus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:565 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 102) (art. 71); ref. 15648] Juju River, tributary of Didessa River, southern Ethiopia, elevation 2000 feet. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.1.20.170. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:253 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

euphrati, Labeobarbus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1882:166 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 6; ref. 14297] Euphrates River at Biredjik [Birecik], Turkey. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-6971 [or A-6961]. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:29 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus esocinus (Heckel 1843) -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus esocinus Heckel 1843 based on generic placement of esocinus. Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus esocinus Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

europensis, Carassius auratus var. Wolf [H. T.] 1908:39, Fig. 7 [ ref. 34771] Domesticated goldfish. No types known. •Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Carassius auratus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

eurycephalus, Schizothorax intermedius Berg [L. S.] (ex Spelter) 1932:459, Fig. 394 [Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. Part 1; ref. 278] Lake Sary-chilek. •Synonym of Schizothorax intermedius McClelland 1842, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1949:716 [ref. 20661]). •? Synonym of Schizopyge curvifrons (Heckel 1838). Current status: Synonym of Schizopyge curvifrons (Heckel 1838). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Habitat: freshwater.

eurystomus, Barbus var. Keilhack [L.] 1908:166 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1908 (no. 7); ref. 14324] Langenburg, Lake Malawi [Lake Nyasa], southeastern Africa. Lectotype: ZMB 18175. Paralectotypes: ZMB 18175 (2). Lectotype apparently designated first by Keilhack 1910:103 [ref. 32109]. Also appeared as new in Keilhack 1910:102 [ref. 32109]. •Valid as Barbus eurystomus Keilhack 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:243 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus brevicauda (Keilhack 1908) -- (Seegers 1995:31 [ref. 33299]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus johnstonii (Boulenger 1907) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:30, 61 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus johnstonii (Boulenger 1907). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

eurystomus, Schizothorax (Oreinus) Kessler [K. F.] 1872:53 [9], Pl. 7 (fig. 12) [Izvestiia Imperatorskago Obschchestva Liubitelei Estestvozaniia, Antropologii i Etnografii v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 14134] Dznam near Samarkand, Uzbekistan. Syntypes: (2) None found at ZIN. On p. 9 of separate. •Synonym of Schizothorax intermedius McClelland 1842 -- (Berg 1949:713 [ref. 20661], Coad 1981:12 [ref. 22348]). •Valid as Racoma eurystoma (Kessler 1872) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:350 [ref. 21205] as eurystomus on p. 350). •Valid as Schizothorax eurystomus Kessler 1872 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:122 [ref. 34477] as eurystoma). Current status: Valid as Schizothorax eurystomus Kessler 1872. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: Uzbekistan and China. Habitat: freshwater.

euspilurus, Puntius Plamoottil [M.] 2016:2, Figs. 1-4 [International Journal of Research Studies in Biosciences v. 4 (issue 9); ref. 34781] Kerala, Mananthavady River, Wayanad, India. Holotype: FBRC/ZSI/F/2314. Paratypes: FBRC/ZSI. •Valid as Puntius euspilurus Plamoottil 2016 -- (Bleher 2018:717 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Puntius euspilurus Plamoottil 2016. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Mananthavady River drainage, Wayanad, Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

eutaenia, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1904:218 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 14 (no. 81) (art. 32); ref. 15117] Angola. Lectotype: BMNH 1864.7.13.52 [? not 1864.7.12.52]. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1864.7.13.53-56 (4), NMW 54089 (2), ZMB 6257 (1). Based on Barbus kessleri of Günther. Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1962:176 [ref. 19234]. •Valid as Barbus eutaenia Boulenger 1904 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:244 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:155 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:155 [ref. 27406], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:153 [ref. 20130], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111] as cf. eutaenia, Tweddle & Skelton 2008:29 [ref. 29605] as 'Barbus', Marshall 2011:93 [ref. 31755], Kullander & Roberts 2012:368 [ref. 31751], Banyankimbona et al. 2012:182 [ref. 32298] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius eutaenia (Boulenger 1904) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Van Ginneken et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35381], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:46 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius eutaenia (Boulenger 1904). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Widespread in central and southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

evansi, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1930:34, Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 82; ref. 1406] Quanza River, Chouzo, Angola. Holotype: ANSP 51780. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:76 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Barbus evansi Fowler 1930 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:244 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius evansi (Fowler 1930) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius evansi (Fowler 1930). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

everetti, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1894:248 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 13 (no. 75) (art. 26); ref. 535] Poeh, Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.3.6.213-218 (6). •Valid as Puntius everetti (Boulenger 1894) -- (Roberts 1989:64 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:43 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:232 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832], Doi et al. 2001:15 [ref. 25691], Tan & Lim 2004:109 [ref. 27716], Grinang & Lim 2004:289 [ref. 28551], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:154 [ref. 28284]). •Valid as Barbodes everetti (Boulenger 1894) -- (Kottelat 2013:78 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes everetti (Boulenger 1894). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Borneo and Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

exclamatio, Puntius Pethiyagoda [R.] & Kottelat [M.] 2005:133, Fig. 8 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. no. 12; ref. 28274] 3 kilometers downstream of Thenmalai Dam, on Thenmalai-Trivandrum Road, Kallada River, Kerala, India. Holotype: WHT 6255. Paratypes: CMK 8808 (44), 18477 (11); WHT 6249 (3). •Valid as Puntius exclamatio Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005 -- (Rema Devi et al. 2010:1121 [ref. 30982], Knight et al. 2011:1690 [ref. 31267] but possible a hybrid, p. 1692). •Valid as Dawkinsia exclamalis (Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:80 [ref. 32071], Bleher 2018:418 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Dawkinsia exclamatio (Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Kallada River drainage, Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

exigua, Barbodes (Barbodes) Wu [H.-W.] & Lin [R.-D.] in Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen & He 1977:249, Fig. 7-9 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 2; ref. 4807] Xizhou [Shi Cho], flowing into northern end of Lake Dali, Yunnan Province, China. Syntypes: KIZ 579301-03 (1, 1, 1), 58002 (1), 58008 (1), 646663-65 (1, 1, 1), 646667 (1), 646672 (1), 646674-75 (1, 1), 646680 (1), 646682 (1); BU 1-3 (1, 1, 1) [? = WHI 12209007 (17)]. Apparently the original spellng should have been exiguua. •Valid as Barbodes exigua Wu & Lin 1977 -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:198 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:56 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:150 [ref. 23556], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:33 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Poropuntius exigua (Wu & Lin 1977) -- (Roberts 1998:122 [ref. 23549]). •Valid as Barbodes exiguus Wu & Lin 1977 -- (Chen et al. 1999:84 [ref. 23883], Zhang et al. 2016:95 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Poropuntius exiguus (Wu & Lin 1977) -- (Zhang & Fang 2005:61 [ref. 28089], Kottelat 2013:144 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius exiguus (Wu & Lin 1977). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

exophthalmus, Cyprinus Mai [D. Y.] 1978:34, Fig. 13 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Northern Vietnam. Syntypes: DVZUT. •Valid as Cyprinus exophthalmus Mai 1978 -- (Kottelat 2001:22 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2013:95 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinus exophthalmus Mai 1978. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

expletiforis, Pethia Mayanglambam [D.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2013:83, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 3736 (no. 1); ref. 32976] Mizoram, Saiha District, Ka-ao River near new Serkawr village, Kalidan drainage, 22°21'10"N, 92°57'49"E, India, elevation 199 meters. Holotype: MUMF 27341. Paratypes: MUMF 27342-27344 (3). •Valid as Pethia expletiforis Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2013 -- (Lalramliana et al. 2014:373 [ref. 33389], Katwate et al. 2014:5814 [ref. 33390], Batuwita et al. 2015:580 [ref. 33714], Bleher 2018:660 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Pethia expletiforis Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2013. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Upper Brahmaputra basin, Misoram, India. Habitat: freshwater.

extremus, Platypharodon Herzenstein [S. M.] 1891:229, Pl. 22 (fig. 2) [Zoologischer Theil, St. Petersburg v. 3 (abt. 2)(3); ref. 4917] Huang He River, Qinghai Province, China, elevation 13600 feet. Holotype (unique): ZIN 7325. •Valid as Platypharodon extremus Herzenstein 1891 -- (Tsao 1964:192 [ref. 13501], Wu & Wu 1992:513 [ref. 21205], Ye & Fu in Ding 1994:408 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:95 [ref. 25213], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:244 [ref. 23556], Yue & Chen 1998:163 [ref. 26415], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:387 [ref. 25272], Su et al. 2012:29 [ref. 31869], Zhang et al. 2016:119 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Schizopygopsis extrema (Herzenstein 1891) -- (Tang et al. 2019:13 [ref. 36511]). Current status: Valid as Schizopygopsis extrema (Herzenstein 1891). Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Distribution: Qinghai Tibetan Plateau, China. Habitat: freshwater.

exulatus, Barbus Banister [K. E.] & Clarke [M. A.] 1977:116, Fig. 5; Pl. 1 [Journal Oman Studies (Special Report); ref. 7232] Qasam, Wadi Hadramut, 16°10'N, 49°04'E, southern Yemen. Holotype: BMNH 1976.4.7.299. Paratypes: BMNH 1976.4.7.300-308 (9), 1976.4.7.309-327 (19), 1976.4.7.328-331 (4), 1976.4.7.332-333 (2), 1976.4.7.333-334 (2). •Valid as Barbus exulatus Banister & Clarke 1977 -- (Alkahem & Behnke 1983:551 [ref. 8384], Krupp 1983:582 [ref. 8320], Krupp 1985:22 [ref. 11626]). •Valid as Carasobarbus exulatus (Banister & Clarke 1977) -- (Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:94 [ref. 26519] dated 1975, Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:21 [ref. 32915], Mohamed et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35027], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158]). Current status: Valid as Carasobarbus exulatus (Banister & Clarke 1977). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Yemen. Habitat: freshwater.

fairbairnii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1908:493 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 2 (no. 12); ref. 14307] Gorge below Victoria Falls, Zambezi River, [Zambia/Zimbabwe]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.11.6.22. •Synonym of Barbus marequensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:266 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

falcata, Cyprinus (Bengana) Gray [J. E.] 1832:no page number, Pl. 97 [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] Published about 11 July 1834. Printed on plate [but not investigated by us] is: Published 1829 by Parbury Allen & Co., Leadenhall Street. •Synonym of Labeo dero (Hamilton 1822) -- (Jayaram & Dhas 2000:38 [ref. 25342]). •Synonym of Bangana dero (Hamilton 1822). Current status: Synonym of Bangana dero (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

falcatus, Cyprinus Bloch [M. E.] 1795:53, Pl. 412 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 9; ref. 464] Malabar coast, India. On p. 44 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 12 [ref. 21381]. •Questionably a synonym of Labeo boga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:200 [ref. 20764], Kottelat 2013:115 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Labeo boga (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

falcifer, Cosmochilus Regan [C. T.] 1906:66 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 18 (no. 103) (art. 14); ref. 15708] Baram River, Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.10.29.4 (1), ZMA 114319 (1). •Valid as Cosmochilus falcifer Regan 1906 -- (Kottelat 1984:798 [ref. 11440], Chen et al. 1992:102 [ref. 21068], Roberts 1989:31 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:34 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:229 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:148 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:180 [ref. 28285], Kottelat 2013:89 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Cosmochilus falcifer Regan 1906. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

falcifer, Labeo Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:358 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Bogor and Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3865. Syntypes: 0000-3865 (1). Non-types: SMF 2570 [ex RMNH] (1), 2576 [ex RMNH] (1) and others given by Kottelat 1923. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:52 [ref. 19574] as holotype. Type information: Roberts 1993:17 [ref. 21799]. Possibly one specimen in RMNH may be a syntype (see Kottelat & Hui 2008:35 [ref. 29715]). •Valid as Lobocheilos falcifer (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1993:17 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:37 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:7 [ref. 22832], Parenti & Lim 2005:182 [ref. 28285], Kottelat & Tan 2008:35 [ref. 29715], Kottelat 2013:120 [ref. 32989], Ciccotto & Tan 2018:550 [ref. 35856]). Current status: Valid as Lobocheilos falcifer (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Java, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

falcifer, Labeo Boulenger [G. A.] 1898:35, Pl. 17 (fig. 2) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 2); ref. 4864] New Antwerp, upper Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo, 5°50'S, 13°03'E. Lectotype: BMNH 1898.12.28.2. Paralectotypes: MRAC 17 (1) Boma, MRAC 65 (1) + 69 (1) Matadi. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Labeo falcifer Valenciennes 1842, replaced by Labeo falcipinnis Boulenger 1903. Lectotype selected by Reid 1985:175 [ref. 19189]. •Objective synonym of Labeo falcipinnis Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:311 [ref. 6186], Tshibwabwa 1997:442 [ref. 24617]). •Synonym of Labeo barbatus Boulenger 1898 -- (Reid 1985:172 [ref. 19189]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo falcipinnis Boulenger 1903. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

falcifer, Lobocheilus Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in van Hasselt 1823:133 [Algemeene Konst- en Letter-bode voor het Jaar II Deel (no. 35); ref. 5963] Not available, no distinguishing features; from Java (see Alfred 1961:85 [ref. 20553], Kottelat 1987:371 [ref. 5962]). Also in van Hasselt 1824:376 [ref. 5964]. •In the synonymy of Lobocheilos falcifer (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1993:17 [ref. 21799], Kottelat & Tan 2008:35 [ref. 29715], Kottelat 2013:120 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lobocheilos falcifer (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

falcifer, Puntioplites Smith [H. M.] 1929:11 [Journal of the Siam Society, Natural History Supplement v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 4046] Mekong, Thailand. •Synonym of Puntioplites waandersi (Bleeker 1859) -- (Roberts 1989:60 [ref. 6439] but with species as falcatus). •Valid as Puntioplites falcifer Smith 1929 -- (Rainboth 1996:92 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 1998:48 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:72 [ref. 25780], Pasco-Viel 2012:41 [ref. 32355], Kottelat 2013:148 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:43 [ref. 33971], Zhang et al. 2016:97 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Puntioplites falcifer Smith 1929. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Mekong basin, Xe Bangfai and Nam Theun. Habitat: freshwater.

falcipinnis, Labeo Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:360 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 12 (no. 69) (art. 34); ref. 15016] New Antwerp, upper Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo, 5°50'S, 13°03'E. Lectotype: MRAC 17. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1898.12.28.2, MRAC 65 (1) + 69 (1) Matadi. Replacement name for Labeo falcifer Boulenger 1898, preoccupied by Labeo falcifer Valenciennes 1842. Lectotype selected by Reid 1985:175 [ref. 19189] as BMNH 1898.12.28.2 not valid. Lectotype MRAC 17 designated by Tshibwabwa & Teugels 1995:1566 [ref. 27895], see van Steenberge et al. 2016:3 [ref. 34374]. •Synonym of Labeo barbatus Boulenger 1898 -- (Reid 1985:172 [ref. 19189]). •Valid as Labeo falcipinnis Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:311 [ref. 6186], Tshibwabwa & Teugels 1995:1566 [ref. 27895], Tshibwabwa 1997:442 [ref. 24617], Tshibwabwa et al. 2006:33 [ref. 28698], van Steenberge et al. 2016:3 [ref. 34374]). Current status: Valid as Labeo falcipinnis Boulenger 1903. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

fangi, Onychostoma Kottelat [M.] 2000:85 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 25486] San-Fan, Lo-Chien-Hsien, northern Kouan-Si (Kwangsi), China. Holotype: NRIBAS M.258. Paratypes: MNHN 1940-0137 (1), NRIBAS (?1). •Replacement name for Varicorhinus elongatus Fang 1940, secondarily preoccupied in Onychostoma by Crossochilus elongatus Pellegrin & Chevey 1934. •Valid as Onychostoma fangi Kottelat 2000 -- (Kottelat 2001:31 [ref. 25482], Xin et al. 2009:261 [ref. 30708], Kottelat 2013:129 [ref. 32989], Hoang et al. 2015:123 [ref. 33811]). Current status: Valid as Onychostoma fangi Kottelat 2000. Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

faoensis, Barbus Günther [A.] 1896:397 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 57); ref. 14608] Fao, Iraq, Persian Gulf. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1888.5.17.4 [ex ZSD]. •Synonym of Barbus sharpeyi Günther 1874 -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Mesopotamichthys sharpeyi (Günther 1874) based on generic placement of sharpeyi. Current status: Synonym of Mesopotamichthys sharpeyi (Günther 1874). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciacauda, Garra Fowler [H. W.] 1937:212, Figs. 187-188 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Kemrat [Kemarat], Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68222. Paratypes: ANSP 68223-30 (8), USNM 118115 [ex ANSP 68231-32] (2). Additional material: (28). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:6 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:76 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Garra taeniata Smith 1931 -- (Wu et al. 1977:377 [ref. 4807], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:246 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Garra fasciacauda Fowler 1937 -- (Rainboth 1996:121 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:29 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780], Zhang & Chen 2002:463 [ref. 26897], Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989], Vilasri et al. 2014:24 [ref. 33693], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971], Zhang et al. 2016:110 [ref. 34477], Kangrang et al. 2016:343 [ref. 34836], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra fasciacauda Fowler 1937. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Mekong River basin and Xe Bangfai. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciata, Dangila Bleeker [P.] 1853:297 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Pangabuang, Lampong Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ?RMNH 4967. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.79 (1). Dangila taeniata Günther 1868:38 [ref. 1990] is an unneeded replacement. •Valid as Dangila fasciata Bleeker 1853 -- (Roberts 1989:38 [ref. 6439]). •Valid as Labiobarbus fasciatus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:36 [ref. 23448], Roberts 1994:323 [ref. 22596], Kottelat 1995:428 [ref. 22833], Doi 1997:7 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:117 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Labiobarbus fasciatus (Bleeker 1853). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciatus, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1853:190 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 16902] Marawang, Bangka, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 4015. Paralectotypes: ?BMNH 1866.5.2.191 (1, poor condition). Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Cirrhinus fasciatus Jerdon 1849, replaced by Puntius eugrammus Silas 1956. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1996:307 [ref. 22841]. •Synonym of Puntius eugrammus Silas 1956 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:43 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Puntius johorensis (Duncker 1904) -- (Kottelat 1996:307 [ref. 22841]). •Synonym of Desmopuntius johorensis (Duncker 1904). Current status: Synonym of Desmopuntius johorensis (Duncker 1904). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciatus, Cirrhinus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:305 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Malabar, India. No types known. •Valid as Puntius fasciatus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Silas 1956:194 [ref. 12225], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:269 [ref. 20764], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Arunachalam & Johnson 2003:476 [ref. 26927], Kullander & Fang 2005:297 [ref. 28193]). •Valid as Puntius fasciatus subspecies fasciatus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Yadav 2003:12 [ref. 27711]). •Valid as Dravidia fasciata (Jerdon 1849) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:78 [ref. 32071]). •Valid as Haludaria fasciata (Jerdon 1849) -- (Pethyigoda 2013:199 [ref. 32961], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172] as fasciatus, Bleher 2018:546 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Haludaria fasciata (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciatus, Crossochilus Steindachner [F.] 1892:372 [16] [130], Pl. 4 (figs. 2, 2a-b) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 59 (1. Abth.); ref. 14517] Shanghai, China. Original genus is correctly Crossocheilus. On p. 16 of separate; on p. 130 of abstract. •Valid as Acrossocheilus fasciatus (Steindachner 1892) -- (Wu et al. 1977:296 [ref. 4807], Zhu 1995:59 [ref. 25213], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:116 [ref. 25272], Yuan et al. 2006:170 [ref. 28704], Yuan & Zhang 2010:43 [ref. 31050], Yuan et al. 2015:160 [ref. 34103], Zhang et al. 2016:86 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Acrossocheilus fasciatus (Steindachner 1892). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciolatus, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:108 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Fluilla, Angola. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.7.13.63. •Valid as Barbus fasciolatus Günther 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:244 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:147 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:147 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:88 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius fasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:47 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius fasciolatus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciolatus, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:140 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1851.12.27.185. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus fasciolatus Günther 1868 (same reference, p. 108), replaced by Barbus semifasciolatus Günther 1868. •Synonym of Capoeta semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Wu et al. 1977:259 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:164 [ref. 13584], Zheng et al. 1989:171 [ref. 21202]). •Synonym of Puntius semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Jin in Kuang et al. 1986:113 [ref. 26639], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:138 [ref. 23876], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:11 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:97 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989]) Current status: Synonym of Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fasolt, Barbus Pappenheim [P.] in Pappenheim & Boulenger 1914:240, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition, 1907-1908 v. 5 (Zool. 3); ref. 18518] Ituri, Irumu, Zaire (±1°29'N, 29°51'E). Holotype (unique): ZMB 19061. •Valid as Barbus fasolt Pappenheim 1914 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:245 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus fasolt (Pappenheim 1914) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus fasolt (Pappenheim 1914). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

faucis, Puntius Smith [H. M.] 1945:180, Fig. 30 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Mechem Gorge, tributary of Meping [Maeping] River, Chao Phraya basin, Chiengmai, northern Thailand. Holotype (unique): USNM 119497. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:12 [ref. 25088], Vilasri et al. 2018:51 [ref. 36451]. •Valid as Poropuntius faucis (Smith 1945) -- (Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Roberts 1998:121 [ref. 23549], Kottelat 2013:144 [ref. 32989], Vilasri et al. 2018:51 [ref. 36451]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius faucis (Smith 1945). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

feae, Osteobrama Vinciguerra [D.] 1890:311, Pl. 10 (fig. 10) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 9; ref. 4520] Kokarit, Upper Myanmar. Lectotype: MSNG 17131A. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1893.2.16.41-42 (2), MSNG 17131B-C (2), USNM 44763 (1). Lectotype selected by Tortonese 1961:187-188 [ref. 10343]. •Valid as Osteobrama feae Vinciguerra 1890 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:241 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:9 [ref. 22832], Vishwanath & Shanta Kumar 2007:2882 [ref. 29365], Kottelat 2013:134 [ref. 32989], Maisnam et al. 2017:13 [ref. 35689], Singh et al. 2018:362 [ref. 35172]). Current status: Valid as Osteobrama feae Vinciguerra 1890. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: India, Myanmar and China. Habitat: freshwater.

fedtschenkoi, Schizothorax Kessler [K. F.] 1872:55 [11], Pl. 8 (figs. 16-18) [Izvestiia Imperatorskago Obschchestva Liubitelei Estestvozaniia, Antropologii i Etnografii v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 14134] Zeravshan River, Uzbekistan. Syntypes: MLSU 540 (8). Type catalog: Svetovidova 1978:261 [ref. 9011]. On p. 11 of separate. •Synonym of Racoma intermedia (McClelland 1842) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:329 [ref. 21205] as fedschenkoi). •Synonym of Schizothorax intermedius McClelland 1842 -- (Berg 1949:713 [ref. 20661], Coad 1981:12 [ref. 22348]). •Valid as Schizothorax fedtschenkoi Kessler 1872 -- (Javed et al. 2012:178 [ref. 32743]). Current status: Valid as Schizothorax fedtschenkoi Kessler 1872. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: River Amur and Samark and region. Habitat: freshwater.

ferdowsii, Capoeta Jouladeh-Roudbar [A.], Eagderi [S.], Murillo-Ramos [L.], Ghanavi [H. R.] & Doadrio [I.] 2017:138, Figs. 3-6, 8 [FishTaxa v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 35538] Tang-e Shiv River at Bekr sofla village, Zohreh River drainage, Tigris River basin, Fars Province, Iran, 30°25'26"N, 51°21'55"E. Holotype: IMNRF-UT 1111-61. Paratypes: IMNRF-UT. •Valid as Capoeta ferdowsii Jouladeh-Roudbar, Eagderi, Murillo-Ramos, Ghanavi & Doadrio 2017 -- (, Zareian & Esmaeili 2017:247 [ref. 36090], Esmaeili et al. 2018:19 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta ferdowsii Jouladeh-Roudbar, Eagderi, Murillo-Ramos, Ghanavi & Doadrio 2017. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Zohreh River drainage, Persian Gulf basin, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

fergusonii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1901:12 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 8 (no. 43) (art. 3); ref. 14749] Albert Edward Nyanza [Lake Edward]. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.9.7.42-43 (2). As fergussonii in Boulenger 1911:59 [ref. 579]. •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:222 [ref. 6186] as fergussonii, De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:10 [ref. 17656]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fernandezypezi, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1958:12 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 310; ref. 1470] Hué River, Vietnam. Lectotype: MGHNL 42000029. Paralectotypes: MGHNL 42000030 (2). Originally as fernandez-ypezi. Replacement name for Barbus aureus Tirant 1883, secondarily preoccupied in Barbus by Labeobarbus aureus Cope 1867. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1986:6 [ref. 11434]. •Synonym of Barbus semifasciolatus Günther 1868 -- (Kottelat 1986:8 [ref. 11434]). •Synonym of Puntius semifasciolatus (Günther 1868). •Questionably a synonym of Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2013:80 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ferrugineus, Cyprinus Shaw [G.] 1804:218, Pl. 131, middle [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] China. No types knwon. Based on Cyprin rouge-brun of Lacepède. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

festai, Tylognathus Tortonese [E.] 1939:323 [13], Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata della R. Università di Torino. (Ser. 3) v. 46 (no. 85); ref. 10283] El Bekáa, Lebanon. Holotype (unique): MZUT 2917. Type catalog: Tortonese 1940:139 [ref. 21559]. On p. 13 of separate. •Valid as Garra festai (Tortonese 1939) -- (Hamidan et al. 2014:234 [ref. 33626], Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:197 [ref. 34083], Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805]). Current status: Valid as Garra festai (Tortonese 1939). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Lebanon. Habitat: freshwater.

festetitsii, Cyprinus Bonaparte [C. L.] 1845:3 [Catalogo metodico dei Ciprinidi d'Europa, ...; ref. 13472] Name in synonymy, not available. •In the synonymy of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:57 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2013:94 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

festiva, Cyrene Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1025 [35] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Borneo. Holotype (unique): NMW 52775. On p. 35 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Valid as Dangila festiva (Heckel 1843) -- (Roberts 1989:38 [ref. 6439], Ng & Tan 1999:353 [ref. 24159]). •Valid as Labiobarbus festivus (Heckel 1843) -- (Lim et al. 1990:39 [ref. 16753], Kottelat et al. 1993:36 [ref. 23448], Roberts 1994:324 [ref. 22596], Kottelat 1995:428 [ref. 22833], Doi 1997:7 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:150 [ref. 28284], Kottelat 2013:117 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Labiobarbus festivus (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

figuigensis, Barbus var. Pellegrin [J.] 1913:119 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 38; ref. 14969] Oasis de Figuig, Morocco. Lectotype: MNHN 1913-0140. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1913-0141 and 0142 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:33 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Almaça 1969:1139 [ref. 20712]. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:235 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus figuigensis Pellegrin 1913 -- (Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366]). •Valid as Luciobarbus figuigensis (Pellegrin 1913) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus figuigensis (Pellegrin 1913). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

filamentosus, Catastomus (Labio) Swainson [W.] 1839:284 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Mahananda River, and adjacent areas which surround the ruins of ancient Gaur, Gorakhpur District, India. No types known. Based on Ham. fig. 84 (Nandina) -- which is Hamilton 1822:Pl. 8 [ref. 2031]. Unneeded new name for, and objective synonym of Cyprinus nandina Hamilton 1822. Original genus should have been Catostomus, •Synonym of Labeo nandina (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:116 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo nandina (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

filamentosus, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:96, Pl. 492 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Alleppey [now Alappuzha, situated between Vembanad Lake (a brackish estuary) and the Arabian Sea, 9°20'N, 76°25'E, Kerala State, southwestern India]. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-3908. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-3908 (9). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:27 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype established by Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:129 [ref. 28274]. •Valid as Puntius filamentosa or filamentosus (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Selvaraj & Abraham 1987:20 [ref. 19846], Pethiyagoda 1991:104 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:270 [ref. 20764], Indra 1991:238 [ref. 24005], Indra 1993:184 [ref. 24009], Indra 1994:415 [ref. 24015], Zacharias et al. 1996:40 [ref. 25526], Manimekalan 1998:435 [ref. 24989], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:153 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi et al. 1999:157 [ref. 24758], Menon 1999:92 [ref. 24904], Fuller et al. 1999:142 [ref. 25838], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359], Yadav 2003:12 [ref. 27711], Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:129 [ref. 28274], Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:151 [ref. 28275], Rema Devi et al. 2010:1121 [ref. 30982], Knight et al. 2011:1690 [ref. 31267], Narasimhaiah et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34975]). •Valid as Dawkinsia filamentosa (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:80 [ref. 32071], Raghavan et al. 2013:4936 [ref. 32992], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:420 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Dawkinsia filamentosa (Valenciennes 1844). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Western Ghats, south India. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

filiferus, Labeo Plamoottil [M.] & Zupančič [P.] 2017:302, Figs. 1-3 [Bioscience Discovery v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 35479] Pamba River at Edakadathy, Kerala, India. Holotype (unique): V/F/NERC/4054. •Valid as Labeo filiferus Plamoottil & Zupančič 2017. Current status: Valid as Labeo filiferus Plamoottil & Zupančič 2017. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

fimbriatus, Cyprinus Bloch [M. E.] 1795:50, Pl. 409 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 9; ref. 464] Malabar coast, India. Holotype (unique): ZMB 8794 (right skin). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:72 [ref. 24282]. On p. 41 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 12 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Labeo fimbriatus (Bloch 1795) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:208 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:132 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:78 [ref. 25342], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Mirza 2003:7 [ref. 27265], Yadav 2003:10 [ref. 27711], Shrestha 2008:70 [ref. 29923], Arunachalam et al. 2018:56 [ref. 36286], Bleher 2018:584 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Labeo fimbriatus (Bloch 1795). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Asia: Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

fimbriatus, Gonorhynchus McClelland [J.] 1839:282, 375, Pl. 43 (fig. 3) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Northern parts of Bengal, India. •Synonym of Crossocheilus latius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:140 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Gonorhynchus latius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ciccotto & Page 2016:478 [ref. 34501]). •Synonym of Tariqilabeo latius (Hamilton 1822). Current status: Synonym of Tariqilabeo latius (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

fimbriatus, Labeo Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:353 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Bengal, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3864. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:17 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Labeo rohita (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:117 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo rohita (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

fimbriatus, Varicorhinus sandersi var. Holly [M.] 1926:156 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 63 (no. 18) (for 14 Oct.); ref. 5038] Sanaga River basin, Cameroon (±4°21'N, 11°38'E). Syntypes: NMW 7227-7233 (1 ea.). •Valid as Varicorhinus fimbriatus Holly 1926 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:337 [ref. 6186], Getahun et al. 2004:159 [ref. 27830], De Weirdt et al. 2007:541 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Labeobarbus fimbriatus (Holly 1926) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus fimbriatus (Holly 1926). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

findolabium, Garra Li [F.-L.], Zhou [W.] & Fu [Q.] 2008:63, Figs. 1, 2A [Zootaxa No. 1743; ref. 29588] Niuluohe, 22°26.62'N, 101°52.21'E, a branch of the Lixian-Jiang, Red River basin, Jiangcheng County, Yunna, China. Holotype: SWFC 0412045. Paratypes: SWFC 0412046-0412047 (2). •Valid as Garra findolabium Li, Zhou & Fu 2008 -- (Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:110 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Vinagarra findolabium (Li, Zhou & Fu 2008) -- (Endruweit 2014:148 [ref. 33205], Zheng et al. 2016:303 [ref. 34363]). Current status: Valid as Vinagarra findolabium (Li, Zhou & Fu 2008). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Red River basin, Niuluo-He, Jiangcheng County, Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

firmispinatus, Gymnocypris potanini Wu [Y.-F.] & Wu [C.-Z.] 1988:17 [23], Fig. 2 [Acta Biologica Plateau Sinica No. 8; ref. 21206] Confluence of the Jinshajiang River and the Shuoduogang River, Xiaqiaotou of Zhongdian County, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: NPIB 8609315. Paratypes: NPIB 785129-37 (9), 8609316-17 (2). English description on p. 23. •Synonym of Gymnocypris potanini Herzenstein 1891, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:234 [ref. 23556], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:358 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:117 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Gymnocypris firmispinata Wu & Wu 1988 -- (Wu & Wu 1992:449 [ref. 21205] as firmispinatus, Zhu 1995:548 [ref. 25213] as firmispinatus, Kottelat 2013:107 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Schizopygopsis firmispinata (Wu & Wu 1988). Current status: Valid as Schizopygopsis firmispinata (Wu & Wu 1988). Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Distribution: Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

fisheri, Discolabeo Fowler [H. W.] 1937:211, Figs. 177-178 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Tachin River, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68219. Paratypes: ANSP 68220 (1). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:6 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:76 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Garra fisheri (Fowler 1937) -- (Rainboth 1996:121 [ref. 22772]). •Synonym of Garra fuliginosa Fowler 1934 -- ( Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Garra fuliginosa Fowler 1934. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

fisheri, Labeo Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1917:436, Pl. 43 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 11 (nos. 3-4) (art. 17); ref. 10668] Mahaweli River at Kandy, Sri Lanka. Holotype: FMNH 58911 [ex CM 8044a]. Paratypes: SU 23234 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:72 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:32 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:50 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Labeo fisheri Jordan & Starks 1917 -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:84 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:209 [ref. 20764], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:35 [ref. 25342], Sudasinghe et al. 2018:214 [ref. 36164], Arunachalam et al. 2018:50 [ref. 36286]). Current status: Valid as Labeo fisheri Jordan & Starks 1917. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Upper reaches of the Mahaweli River basin, Sri Lanka and possibly Tamirparani River basin, peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

fitzsimonsi, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1935:267, Fig. 11 [Annals of the Transvaal Museum v. 16 (pt 2); ref. 1423] Chobe River, below rapids, 3 miles from Kasane, Botswana, Africa. Holotype: SAIAB 30021 [ex TMP 15251] (1 of 14). Paratypes: (31 + 44) ANSP 54290-99 (10), 54320-29 (10); FMNH 33243-52 (10), 33253-57 (5); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30021 [ex TMP 15251] (13 of 14), 43015 [ex TMP 15250] (23). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:76 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:15 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Barbus thamalakanensis Fowler 1935 -- (pers. comm. P. Skelton, 3/2008). •Synonym of Enteromius thamalakaensis (Fowler 1935) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius thamalakanensis (Fowler 1935). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

flammans, Cyprinus Richardson [J.] 1846:288 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. No types known. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:209, Pl. 15a [ref. 11606]). •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758, subspecies rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803 -- (Chen & Huang 1977:414 [ref. 8497]). •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Zheng et al. 1989:232 [ref. 21202], Wu & Wu 1992:516 [ref. 21205], Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:411 [ref. 25272], Barus et al. in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:86 [ref. 25856]). •Synonym of Cyprinus rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803 -- (Kottelat 2006:30 [ref. 28831], Kottelat 2013:96 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

flavatra, Garra Kullander [S. O.] & Fang [F.] 2004:270, Figs. 3e, 10 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 15 (no. 3); ref. 27857] Thandwe, Kananmae Chaung, near Leldee village, by foot 45 min from Gwechaung village at kilometer 18 on road Thandwe-Taunggok, 8°35'39"N, 94°22'45"E, Rakhine State, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 49511. Paratypes: NRM 40757 (5), 40795 (4), 40828-29 (10, 18). •Valid as Garra flavatra Kullander & Fang 2004 -- (Nebeshwar et al. 2009:202 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2358 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:5 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:305 [ref. 33758], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484], Sun et al. 2018:67 [ref. 35784], Solo & Lalnuntluanga 2019:126 [ref. 36500]). Current status: Valid as Garra flavatra Kullander & Fang 2004. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Western slope of Rakhine Yoma (Myanmar) and Mizoram (northeastern India). Habitat: freshwater.

flavicauda, Osteochilus Kottelat [M.] & Tan [H. H.] 2009:1, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 20 (no. 1); ref. 30259] Kota Tinggi, Sungei Tementang, Johor, Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 38216. Paratypes: (many) at CMK, ZEC. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Osteochilus flavicauda Kottelat & Tan 2009 -- (Tan & Kottelat 2009:42 [ref. 30261], Kottelat 2013:134 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Osteochilus flavicauda Kottelat & Tan 2009. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Malay Peninsula. Habitat: freshwater.

flavicaudata, Sikukia Chu [X.-L.] & Chen [Y.-R.] 1987:378, Fig. 9 [Fishes of Xishuang Banna; ref. 22225] Xishuangbanna, Lancang River, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: KIZ 735161. Paratypes: KIZ (29). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:347 [ref. 32939]. •Valid as Sikukia flavicaudata Chu & Chen 1987 -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:168 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:52 [ref. 25213], Li et al. 1998:454 [ref. 24130], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:94 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2001:81 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:162 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:98 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Sikukia flavicaudata Chu & Chen 1987. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: China and Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

flavifuscus, Barbodes Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1924:296 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 24 (no. 3); ref. 2118] Lumbatan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 9164 (presumed destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP (2) presumed destroyed. Also appeared in Herre 1924:1569 [ref. 2120] but without distinguishing features; available as above. •Valid as Barbodes flavifuscus Herre 1924 -- (Kottelat 2013:78 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes flavifuscus Herre 1924. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

flavipinnis, Cyprinus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:71, Pl. 457 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Bogor, Java, Indonesia. Holotype: ?MNHN B-674. Type information: Roberts 1993:16 [ref. 21799]. •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Roberts 1993:16 [ref. 21799], Barus et al. in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:85 [ref. 25856]). •Questionably a synonym of Cyprinus rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803 -- (Kottelat 2006:30 [ref. 28831], Kottelat 2013:96 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

flexuosdorsalis, Sinocyclocheilus Zhu [D.-G.] & Zhu [Y.] 2012:222, Fig. 1 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 37 (no. 1); ref. 31831] Cave of Honghuibe River in Tianshengquian Town, Longlin Couty, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. Holotype: ASIZB [now NZMC] 19911 [ex 2011001]. Paratypes: ASIZB [now NZMC] 199012 [ex 2011002] (1), plus more. Tye catalog: Ye et al. 2015:44 [ref. 33808]. •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus flexuosdorsalis Zhu & Zhu 2012 -- (Zheng et al. 2012:x [ref. 32676], Lan et al. 2013:216 [ref. 32910], Ye et al. 2015:44 [ref. 33808], Zhang et al. 2016:100 [ref. 34477], Liu et al. 2018:[7] [ref. 35769]). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus flexuosdorsalis Zhu & Zhu 2012. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Downstream Hongshuihe River basin, Longlin County,Guangxi, China. Habitat: freshwater.

flomoi, Barbus Schultz [L. P.] 1942:(317) 323, Pl. 36 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 92 (no. 3152); ref. 3956] Near Bellyella, Liberia. Holotype: USNM 118737. Paratypes: USNM 118738 (23). •Synonym of Barbus eburneensis Poll 1941 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:242 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:339 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477]). •Synonym of Enteromius eburneensis (Poll 1941) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius eburneensis (Poll 1941). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

floripenna, Cyprinus van Hasselt [J. C.] 1823:132 [Algemeene Konst- en Letter-bode voor het Jaar II Deel (no. 35); ref. 5963] Also in van Hasselt 1824:375 [ref. 5964]. Not available, no distinguishing features; from Java (see Alfred 1961:85 [ref. 20553], Kottelat 1987:370 [ref. 5962], and Roberts 1993:16 [ref. 21799]). •In the synonymy of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Roberts 1993:16 [ref. 21799]). •In the synonymy of Cyprinus rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803 -- (Kottelat 2006:30 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae.

fluviatilis, Barbus Fitzinger [L. J. F. J.] 1832:333 [Beiträge zur Landeskunde Österreichs unter der Enns, Wien v. 1; ref. 5019] Unneeded replacement name for Cyprinus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952], Parin et al. 2014:70 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fluviatilis, Cyprinus carpio Pravdin [I. F.] 1945:11 [Uchenye Zapiski Lenengradskogo Universiteta No. 75; ref. 22988] Flood-plain lakes of Volga River near Saratov, Russia. Syntypes: Whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:57 [ref. 22952], Barus et al. in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:86 [ref. 25856], Kottelat 2013:95 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

fluviatilis, Garra Kangrang [P.], Thoni [R. J.], Mayden [R. L.] & Beamish [F. W. H.] 2016:336, Figs. 2-4 [Zootaxa 4175 (no. 4); ref. 34836] Kanchanaburi, Mae Nam Kwai Noi drainage, Kroeng Krawai, route 323 at km 32 near Prang Phe, Thailand, 14°58'17"N, 98°38'24"E. Holotype: NIFI 5083. Paratypes: NIFI 5084 (16), UF 181178 (8). Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Garra fluviatilis Kangrang, Thoni, Mayden & Beamish 2016. Current status: Valid as Garra fluviatilis Kangrang, Thoni, Mayden & Beamish 2016. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Kanchanaburi province, Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

foerschi, Barbus Kottelat [M.] 1982:425, Figs. 2 c-d [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 89 (no. 2); ref. 2667] About 50 to 100 kilometers north of Sampit, Kalimantan, Indonesia. Holotype: MHNG 2058.98. Paratypes: MHNG 2058.99-100 (2), 2059.01 (1). Type catalog: Weber 1998:6 [ref. 23532]. For comments on type locality see Schaller & Kottelat 1989:35 [ref. 13604]. •Valid as Puntius foerschi (Kottelat 1982) -- (Kottelat 1992:187 [ref. 16750], Kottelat et al. 1993:43 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Systomus foerschi (Kottelat 1982) -- (Tan 2012:285 [ref. 32058]). •Valid as Desmopuntius foerschi (Kottelat 1982) -- (Kottelat 2013:96 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Desmopuntius foerschi (Kottelat 1982). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

fontouensis, Onychostoma laticeps var. Tchang [T.-L.] 1930:85 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 16211] Fontou, Szechuan, China. Holotype: MNHN 1934-0017. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:45-46 [ref. 19574] as foutouensis. •Synonym of Varicorhinus simus (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874) -- (Wu et al. 1977:308 [ref. 4807]). •Synonym of Onychostoma sima (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874) -- (Ding 1994:332 [ref. 21531], Zhang et al. 2016:93 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Onychostoma simum (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874) -- (Kottelat 2013:130 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Onychostoma simum (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Habitat: freshwater.

formosanus, Gymnostomus Regan [C. T.] 1908:149 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 1 (no. 2) (art. 24); ref. 14338] Lake Candidius, Taiwan. Syntypes: (8) BMNH 1908.5.27.6-10 (5), SMNS 4372 (3). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:28 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Acrossocheilus formosanus (Regan 1908) -- (Wu et al. 1977:284 [ref. 4807], Zhu 1995:58 [ref. 25213], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:113 [ref. 25272]). •Synonym of Acrossocheilus paradoxus (Günther 1868) -- (Yuan et al. 2006:170 [ref. 28704], Ho & Shao 2011:28 [ref. 31432], Zhang et al. 2016:88 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Acrossocheilus paradoxus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: Taiwan. Habitat: freshwater.

forskalii, Labeo Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:18, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Museum Senckenbergianum: Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der beschreibenden Naturgeschichte, von Mitgliedern der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 3845] Cairo, Nile River, Egypt. Holotype (unique): SMF 2609 (dry mount). •Mention -- (Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477]). •Valid as Labeo forskalii Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:311 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:205 [ref. 19189], Seegers 1996:152 [ref. 23725], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367], Moritz 2007:55 [ref. 29304], Seegers 2008:185 [ref. 29830], Neumann et al. 2016:304 [ref. 35036], Moritz & Neumann 2017:32 [ref. 35181]). Current status: Valid as Labeo forskalii Rüppell 1835. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Nile River, northeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

fossicola, Cyprinus Richardson [J.] (ex Gray) 1846:291 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. No types known. Originally as Cyprinus ? fossicola. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:209, Pl. 15b [ref. 11606]). •Synonym of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wu & Wu 1992:516 [ref. 21205], Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:411 [ref. 25272], Barus et al. in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:86 [ref. 25856]). •Synonym of Cyprinus rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803 -- (Kottelat 2006:30 [ref. 28831], Kottelat 2013:96 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinus rubrofuscus Lacepède 1803. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

foureaui, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1919:209 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 44; ref. 15224] Gribingui River, Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1919.8.15.20 (1); MNHN 1919-0218 to 0222 (1, 1, 1, 5, 9). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:34 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus foureaui Pellegrin 1919 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:245 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus bynni (Forsskål 1775), subspecies occidentalis Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:301 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Forsskål 1775), subspecies occidentalis (Boulenger 1911), based on placement of bynni. •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Forsskål 1775) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Forsskål 1775). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

foutensis, Barbus Lévêque [C.], Teugels [G. G.] & Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1988:185, Pl. 1b [Cybium v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 6865] Kaba River, tributary to Little Scarcies, Guinea. Holotype: MNHN 1987-2038. Paratypes: MNHN 1987-2039 (15). Other material: MNHN 1961-0337 to 1961-0343 (10, 5, 4, 1, 1, 9, 4), 1982-1346 to 1348 (63, 31, 4). •Valid as Barbus foutensis Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1988 -- (Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque et al. 1989:116 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:348 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367]). •Valid as Enteromius foutensis (Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1988) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius foutensis (Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1988). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

fowleri, Barbus Popta [C. M. L.] 1906:218 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 27; ref. 18569] Replacement name for Barbus lineatus Popta 1905, preoccupied by Barbus lineatus Duncker 1904. •Questionably a synonym of Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2013:92 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

fowleri, Tylognathus Pellegrin [J.] & Chevey [P.] 1936:222 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 61; ref. 13735] Ea Hléo, affluent of the Srépok River, Annam, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1935-0332. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:53 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Lobocheilos fowleri (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Doi 1997:7 [ref. 22832]). •Questionably a synonym of Lobocheilos melanotaenia (Fowler 1935) -- (Kottelat 2001:59 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:120 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Lobocheilos rhabdoura (Fowler 1934) -- (Ciccotto & Page 2016:882 [ref. 34946]). Current status: Synonym of Lobocheilos rhabdoura (Fowler 1934). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

fowlerii, Barbus Popta [C. M. L.] 1906:218 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 27; ref. 18569] Replacement name for Barbus lineatus Popta 1905, preoccupied by Barbus lineatus Duncker 1904. •Questionably a synonym of Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2013:92 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

foxi, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:188, Figs. 144-145 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Mekong River at Kemrat [Kemarat], Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68135. Paratypes: ANSP 68136 (1). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:12 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:76 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Barbodes altus (Günther 1868) -- (Rainboth 1996:95 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Puntius foxi (Fowler 1937) -- (Vu & Nguyen 1997:26 [ref. 26438]). •Valid as Barbodes foxi (Fowler 1937) -- (Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832]). •Synonym of Barbonymus altus (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2001:40 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:80 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbonymus altus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

francisci, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1916:478 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 18 (no. 108); ref. 15051] A tributary of Benue River at Mutum Biu, 90 miles east of Ibi, southern Nigeria. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1916.11.7.14. •Valid as Barbus francisci Boulenger 1916 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:245 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus macrops Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque 1989:175 [ref. 12829], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:344 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Enteromius macrops (Boulenger 1911) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius macrops (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fraseri, Barbus Hora [S. L.] & Misra [K. S.] 1938:29, Fig. 4; Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 40 (pt 1); ref. 17151] Darna River, Deolali, Mumbai State, India. Syntypes: ZSI F12497/1 (orig. 7, now 6). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:105 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:353 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Puntius fraseri (Hora & Misra 1938) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:272 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:94 [ref. 24904], Menon et al. 2000:267 [ref. 25168], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Jameela Beevi & Ramachandran 2005:85 [ref. 28531], Bleher 2018:714 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Puntius fraseri (Hora & Misra 1938). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Northern Western Ghats, Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

fratercula, Scaphiodon Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1059 [69] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Damascus, Syria. No types at NMW. Illustrated by Heckel 1843: Pl. 5, fig. 2 [ref. 2067]. On p. 69 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Synonym of Capoeta damascina (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Krupp & Schneider 1989:365 [ref. 13651], Coad 1991:15 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:14 [ref. 23608]). Current status: Synonym of Capoeta damascina (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

frenatus, Labeo Fowler [H. W.] 1934:129, Figs. 91-92 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Chieng Mai [Chiengmai], northern Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 57513. Paratypes: ANSP 57514-29 (16), 57530 (1, c&s). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:7 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:76 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Epalzeorhynchos frenatum (Fowler 1934) (also seen as frenatus) -- (Bănărescu 1986:155 [ref. 8112], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Rainboth 1996:120 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 1998:28 [ref. 23436], Yang & Winterbottom 1998:49 [ref. 23307], Lyons et al. 2000:65 [ref. 26594], Kottelat 2001:49 [ref. 25780], Zhang & Kottelat 2006:22 [ref. 28711], Kulabtong et al. 2014:371 [ref. 33425], Kottelat 2015:101 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Epalzeorhynchos frenatum (Fowler 1934). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Mekong and Chao Phraya basins and Xe Bangfai: Laos, Thailand and Indochina. Habitat: freshwater.

fritschii, Barbus Günther [A.] 1874:231 [2], Pl. 14 (fig. A) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 13 (no. 75) (art. 32); ref. 18200] Oued Ksib [Ksob], Morocco (31°28'59"N, 9°46'3"W). Syntypes: BMNH 1874.1.30.27-31 (5); not SMF 636 (7), 952 (8). On p. 2 of separate. •Valid as Barbus fritschii Günther 1874 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:245 [ref. 6186], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366]). •Valid as Labeobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874) -- (Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:852 [ref. 34067], Vreven et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34168]). •Valid as Enteromius fritschii (Günther 1874) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). •Valid as Carasobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874) -- (Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:24 [ref. 32915], Doadrio et al. 2016:8 [ref. 34978], Mohamed et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35027], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158]). Current status: Valid as Carasobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Morocco and Algeria. Habitat: freshwater.

fucini, Barbus Costa [O. G.] 1853:Pl. 11 [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Lake Fucino, Italy. Syntypes: ?MNHN 0192 (1) Lake Fucino, ?NMW 54799 (1). Name available from table of plates and index, but not from text. Dated to apparent publication date for index (1853) (see Bianco 1995:314 [ref. 21944]). •Synonym of Barbus tyberinus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Bianco 1995:313 [ref. 21944], Kottelat 1997:51 [ref. 22952], Bianoc in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:427 [ref. 27353]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus tyberinus Bonaparte 1839. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fuelleborni, Labeo victorianus Hilgendorf [F. M.] & Pappenheim [P.] 1903:269 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1903 (no. 6); ref. 15031] Lake Rukwa, southwestern Tanzania. Lectotype: ZMB 16314. Paralectotypes: ZMB 16315 (1). Lectotype selected by Reid 1985:226 [ref. 19189]. •Valid as Labeo fuelleborni Hilgendorf & Pappenheim 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:312 [ref. 6186], Reid 1985:226 [ref. 19189], Seegers 1996:154 [ref. 23725], De Vos et al. 2001:130, 131 [ref. 26059]). Current status: Valid as Labeo fuelleborni Hilgendorf & Pappenheim 1903. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

fulakariensis, Labeo Tshibwabwa [S. M.], Stiassny [M. L. J.] & Schelly [R. C.] 2006:38, Figs. 3-4 [Zootaxa No. 1224; ref. 28698] Channel in rocks, 1 kilometer upstream of Foulakari, Congo River main channel, Lower Congo River, Republic of Congo, 4°34.71'S, 14°59.74'E. Holotype: AMNH 236426. Paratypes: AMNH 236426 (1), 236428 (1); ZSM 34488 (1). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:255 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Labeo fulakariensis Tshibwabwa, Stiassny & Schelly 2006. Current status: Valid as Labeo fulakariensis Tshibwabwa, Stiassny & Schelly 2006. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Lower Congo River, West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

fuliginosa, Garra Fowler [H. W.] 1934:139, Figs. 108-111 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Metang [Maetang] River, 35 miles north of Chieng Mai [Chiengmai], northern Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 58006. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:6 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:77 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Garra fuliginosa Fowler 1934 -- (Rainboth 1996:122 [ref. 22772], Vu & Nguyen 1997:26 [ref. 26438], Kottelat 2000:42 [ref. 25040], Kottelat 2001:53 [ref. 25780], Zhang & Chen 2002:462 [ref. 26897], Zhang 2005:13 [ref. 28349], Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:117 [ref. 33006], Lothongkham et al. 2014:551 [ref. 33283], Vilasri et al. 2014:24 [ref. 33693], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:272 [ref. 34052], Nguyen et al. 2015:902 [ref. 36430], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Yu et al. 2016:299 [ref. 34494], Kangrang et al. 2016:343 [ref. 34836], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484], Sun et al. 2018:67 [ref. 35784]). Current status: Valid as Garra fuliginosa Fowler 1934. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chao Phraya River basin, Thailand and ? southern Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

fulungee, Chondrostoma Sykes [W. H.] 1839:160 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Dukhun [Deccan], India. No types known. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:57 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:358 [ref. 18868]. •Valid as Cirrhinus fulungee (Sykes 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:171 [ref. 20764], Roberts 1997:186 [ref. 23550], Menon 1999:121 [ref. 24904], Yadav 2003:9 [ref. 27711]). •Valid as Gymnostomus fulungee (Sykes 1839). Current status: Valid as Gymnostomus fulungee (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

fumingensis, Schizothorax davidi Huang [S.-Y.] 1985:213 [217], Fig. 5 [Zoological Research v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 8154] Fumin Xian, Yunnan Province, China. Syntypes: KIZ uncat. (9). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:350 [ref. 32939]. English description on p. 217. •Synonym of Racoma davidi (Sauvage 1880) -- (Wu & Wu 1992:318 [ref. 21205]). •Synonym of Schizothorax kozlovi Nikolskii 1903 -- (Mo in Chu & Chen 1989:302 [ref. 13584], Chen in Chen 1998:220 [ref. 23556], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:327 [ref. 25272] as davidifumingensis, Zhang et al. 2016:123 [ref. 34477] as davidifumingensis). Current status: Synonym of Schizothorax kozlovi Nikolskii 1903. Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fundulus, Capoeta Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:279 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Cyrus [=Kura] River, Asia. Perhaps just a new combination for Cyprinus fundulus of Güldenstädt 1787. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fundulus, Cyprinus Güldenstädt [J. A. von] 1787:222 [Reisen durch Rußland und im Kaukasischen Gebürge; ref. 18175] Kura River at Tbilisi. No types known. •Synonym of Varicorhinus capoeta (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Berg 1949:676 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Capoeta capoeta (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Coad 1995:14 [ref. 23608], Bănărescu 1999:387 [ref. 24846], Zareian et al. 2017:22 [ref. 35636]). Current status: Synonym of Capoeta capoeta (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

furcatus, Cyclocheilichthys Sontirat [S.] 1985:43, Fig. 1 [Thai Fisheries Gazette v. 38 (no. 1); ref. 33172] 8 kilometers north of Huey Mak, Khong Chiam, Ubon Ratchathani Province, Thailand. Holotype: UMMZ 198969. Paratypes: KUMF 2847 (2); UMMZ 198970 (3, 2 c&s), 198971-73 (4, 1, 3); USNM 216605 (1). •Valid as Cyclocheilichthys furcatus Sontirat 1989 -- (Rainboth 1996:88 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:479 [ref. 32660]). •Valid as Cyclocheilos furcatus (Sontirat 1985) -- (Pasco-Viel et al. 1913:483 [ref. 32659], Kottelat 2013:93 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Cyclocheilos furcatus (Sontirat 1985). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

furcodorsalis, Sinocyclocheilus Chen [Y.-R.], Yang [J.-X.] & Lan [J.-H.] 1997:219 [English p. 222], Fig. 1 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 22 (no. 2); ref. 23733] Underground river at Tian'e County, ca. 25°58'N, 107°02'E, Guangxi Province, China. Holotype: KIZ 9309002. Paratypes: KIZ 9309001 (1), 9309003 (1), 9309010 (1). •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus furcodorsalis Chen, Yang & Lan 1997 -- (Romero & Paulson 2001:18 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:78 [ref. 28992], Zhao & Zhang 2006:773 [ref. 31176], Li et al. 2007:2 [ref. 29378] as funcodorsalis, Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522], Zhao et al. 2011:1550 [ref. 31493], Liang et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31561], Zheng et al. 2012:x [ref. 32676], Ma & Zhao 2012:109 [ref. 34891], Lan et al. 2013:226 [ref. 32910], Chen et al. 2016:7 [ref. 34372], Zhang et al. 2016:100 [ref. 34477], Liu et al. 2018:[7] [ref. 35769] with authors and date as Zhao & Zhang 2009, Wu et al. 2018:57 [ref. 35993]). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus furcodorsalis Chen, Yang & Lan 1997. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Downstream Hongshuihe River basin, Tian'e County, Guangxi Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

furvus, Eirmotus Tan [H. H.] & Kottelat [M.] 2008:428, Figs. 5, 7c [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 56 (no. 2); ref. 29780] Berbak Nature Reserve, Sungai Air Hitam Dalam, 1°17'54.8"S, 104°08'30.4"E, Jambi, Sumatra. Holotype: MZB 10971. Paratypes: CMK 11906 (5), 11138 (17); MZB 10972 (2); USNM uncat. (3); ZRC 39152 (15), 50993 (17). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Eirmotus furvus Tan & Kottelat 2008 -- (Kottelat 2013:100 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Eirmotus furvus Tan & Kottelat 2008. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Along coast east of Jambi, Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

fusca, Capoeta Nikolskii [A. M.] 1897:340 [Ezhegodnik. Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Akademii Nauk SSSR. v. 1; ref. 3201] Mondechi and Kuss, Iran, probably Mandehi or Miandehi, 34°53'N, 58°38'E. Syntypes: ZIN 11108-12 (2, ?, 5, 1, 1). •Valid as Capoeta fusca Nikolskii 1897 -- (Coad 1981:9 [ref. 22348], Coad 1995:14 [ref. 23608], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Coad & Abdoli 2000:56 [ref. 25296], Coad & Keyzer-de Ville 2005:36 [ref. 28505], Turan et al. 2006:153 [ref. 28700], Özuluğ & Freyhof 2008:293 [ref. 29981], Johari et al. 2009:63 [ref. 30505], Esmaeili et al. 2010:368 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:868 [ref. 34062], Zareian et al. 2016:140 [ref. 34227], Esmaeili et al. 2016:42 [ref. 34283], Alwan et al. 2016:176 [ref. 34334], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2016:169 [ref. 34989], Esmaeili et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35254], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2017:153 [ref. 35425], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2017:153 [ref. 35538], Zareian et al. 2017:23 [ref. 35636], Esmaeili et al. 2018:19 [ref. 36089], Levin et al. 2019:40 [ref. 36600]). Current status: Valid as Capoeta fusca Nikolskii 1897. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Hari, Kavir, Bedjestan, Sistan and Lut basins, southern Iran and western Afghanistan. Habitat: freshwater.

fusca, Cyprinopsis aurata var. Fitzinger [L. J. F. J.] 1832:334 [Beiträge zur Landeskunde Österreichs unter der Enns, Wien v. 1; ref. 5019] Austria. No types known. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

fusiforme, Onychostoma Kottelat [M.] 1998:40, Figs. 56-57 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 23436] Nam Theun, from Ban Signo to about 6 kilometers upriver, Laos, 17°50'50"N, 105°03'00"E, Laos. Holotype: ZRC 41782. Paratypes: CMK 12521 (9), 12711 (10); DFV uncat. (5); NRM 36701 (3); ZRC 41814 (3); plus non-type material. •Valid as Onychostoma fusiforme Kottelat 1998 -- (Kottelat 2001:63 [ref. 25780], Xin et al. 2009:261 [ref. 30708], Kottelat 2013:129 [ref. 32989], Hoang et al. 2015:123, 137 [ref. 33811], Kottelat 2015:42 [ref. 33971], Song et al. 2018:161 [ref. 35890]). Current status: Valid as Onychostoma fusiforme Kottelat 1998. Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: Upper and middle Mekong basin and Nam Theun: Laos and Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

fusiformis, Discognathus Heckel [J. J.] 1844:387, Fig. [Fische Kaschmir's; ref. 18255] Kashmir. •Synonym of Garra mullya (Sykes 1839) -- (Menon 1999:148 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Garra mullya (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

fuxianensis, Cyprinus (Mesocyprinus) micristius Yang et al. in Chen & Huang 1977:404, Fig. 8-6 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 2; ref. 8497] Fuxian Lake, Yunnan Province, China. Syntypes: KIZ 636445-46 (1, 1), 636448-49 (1, 1), 636451-52 (1, 1), 636455-56 (1, 1), 636457 (1), 636469 (1), 636477 (1), 636500 (1). •Synonym of Cyprinus micristius Regan 1906, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Zhou in Chu & Chen 1989:332 [ref. 13584], Zheng et al. 1989:227 [ref. 21202], Yang 1991:197 [ref. 13585], Yang & Chen 1995:91 [ref. 23555], Zhu 1995:97 [ref. 25213]). •Valid as Cyprinus fuxianensis Yang et al. 1977 -- (Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:402 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:85 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinus fuxianensis Yang et al. 1977. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

fuxianhuensis, Puntius Wang [Y.-H.], Zhuang [D.-D.] & Gao [L.-C.] 1982:217 [221], Fig. 2 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 8399] Qinyuwan, Jiangchuan County, Lake Fuxianhu, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: ECSFRI 79-6010. Paratypes: (17) ECSFRI and NIGLAS. English description on p. 221. •Valid as Barbodes fuxianhuensis Wang, Zhuang & Gao 1982 -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:188 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:55 [ref. 25213]). •Valid as Barbodes fuxianensis [sic] (Wang, Zhuang & Gao 1982) -- (Yang 1991:196 [ref. 13585], Yang & Chen 1995:77 [ref. 23555], Chen et al. 1999:83 [ref. 23883], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:23 [ref. 25272] as fuxianhuensis). •Valid as Poropuntius fuxianhuensis (Wang, Zhung & Gao 1982) -- (Zhang & Fang 2005:61 [ref. 28089], Zhang et al. 2016:95 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius fuxianhuensis (Wang, Zhuang & Gao 1982). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

gadeya, Labeo (Morulius) Deraniyagala [P. E. P.] 1929:75, Pl. 22 [Ceylon Journal of Science Section B Zoology v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 15890] Matale, Mahavelligango at Levella, Sri Lanka, elevation 509 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1929.7.1.12 [ex Colombo Mus.]. Paratypes: (4) ?BMNH 1928.4.16.9 [ex Colombo Mus.] (1). •Synonym of Labeo fisheri Jordan & Starks 1917 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:209 [ref. 20764], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:35 [ref. 25342] as godeya, Sudasinghe et al. 2018:223 [ref. 36164]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo fisheri Jordan & Starks 1917. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

gallagheri, Garra barreimiae Krupp [F.] 1988:402, Fig. 1 [Journal of Oman Studies Special Report No. 3; ref. 13859] Wadi Bani Khalid north of Muqal, 22°40'N, 59°05'E, Oman. Holotype: SMF 17262. Paratypes: BMNH 1977.12.13.557-578 (5), 1978.9.6.5-13 (7); NHMB 6343 (6), 6350 (4); ONHM 771.1 (3); SMF 17262 (2 or 10). •Valid as Garra gallagheri Krupp 1988 -- (Lyon et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34670]). Current status: Valid as Garra gallagheri Krupp 1988. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Wadi Bani Khalid, Oman. Habitat: freshwater.

gallicus, Barbus barbus Karaman [M. S.] 1971:194 [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 67; ref. 2560] Toulouse, France. Holotype (unique): NMW 54112. •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Lelek 1987:156 [ref. 22962]). •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952], Bănărescu et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:44 [ref. 27353]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gambiensis, Barbus Svensson [G. S. O.] 1933:67, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 16524] Swamps along Gambia River, western Africa. Holotype: NRM 10232. Paratypes: (32) NRM 11141 (4), 14442-46 (7, 3, 2, 3, 13). •Synonym of Barbus macrops Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:264 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:175 [ref. 12829], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:344 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Enteromius macrops (Boulenger 1911) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius macrops (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gananensis, Barbus Vinciguerra [D.] 1895:53 [33], Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 15; ref. 4521] Ganana and Auata rivers, Somalia (±0°15'S, 42°38'E). Holotype: MSNG 17525. Paratypes: MSNG 17331 (4). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:185 [ref. 10343]. On p. 33 of separate. •Valid as Barbus gananensis Vinciguerra 1895 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:246 [ref. 6186], Dimmick et al. 2001:1123 [ref. 25827]). •Valid as Labeobarbus gananensis (Vinciguerra 1895) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Levin et al. 2015:403 [ref. 34851] as L. gananensis complex, Vreven et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Levin et al. 2019:[5] [ref. 36882]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus gananensis (Vinciguerra 1895). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Africa: Somalia, eastern Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

gangeticum, Chondrostoma Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:399 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Ganges River, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3153. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:53 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Cirrhinus ariza (Hamilton 1807) -- (Roberts 1997:183 [ref. 23550]). •Synonym of Cirrhinus reba (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:124 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Gymnostomus ariza (Hamilton 1807). Current status: Synonym of Gymnostomus ariza (Hamilton 1807). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

gangeticus, Leuciscus (Abramis) Swainson [W.] 1839:285 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Based on Ham. fig. 93 -- which is Hamilton 1822:Pl. 39 (fig. 93) [ref. 2031]. •Synonym of Osteobrama cotio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:64 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Osteobrama cotio (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gangulyi, Semiplotus Dey [S. C.] 1975:72 [Proceedings of the All-India Congress of Zoology v. 3 (art. 103) (for 1975); ref. 8938] Pagladia River, tributary of the Brahmaputra River in Kamrup District, Assam, India. Holotype: Fish & Fish. Lab., Gauhati Univ., Assam. Paratypes: Fish & Fish. Lab., Gauhati Univ., Assam. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ganzihonensis, Gymnocypris przewalskii Zhu [S.-Q.] & Wu [Y.-F.] 1975:14, Fig. 2 [Qinghai Institute of Biology; ref. 25330] Ganzi-He, northeastern Qinghai-Hu (Lake Qinghai), Qinghai, China. Holotype: Qinghai Inst. Biol. Paratypes: 224 specimens in Qinghai Inst. Biol. •Synonym of Gymnocypris przewalskii (Kessler 1876), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Zhu 1995:93 [ref. 25213], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:365 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:117 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Schizopygopsis przewalskii Kessler 1876, but a valid subspecies ganzihonensis Zhu & Wu 1975 as described. Current status: Synonym of Schizopygopsis przewalskii Kessler 1876. Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gardonides, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:156, Pl. 465 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Calcutta and Mumbai, India; Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-3819. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3820 to 0000-3821 (1, 2), B-1214 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:24-25 [ref. 19574] with MNHN 3819 as holotype. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]. •Java specimens are questionably a synonym of Puntius orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1993:21 [ref. 21799]). •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:70 [ref. 24904] as gardonoides). •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Puntius ophoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Zhang et al. 2016:97 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

garmani, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1924:81, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 76; ref. 15446] Streams tributary to the Ganges at Dehra Daro [Dehra Doon?], India. Holotype (unique): MCZ 18759. Cyprinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

garnieri, Labeo (Diplochilichthys) Sauvage [H.-E.] 1884:210, Pl. 8 [not Pl. 7] (fig. 1) [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 9; ref. 3886] Near Hanoi, Vietnam. Lectotype: MNHN 1984-0081. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1884-0082 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:19 [ref. 19574]. Misspelled gaernieri in Eschmeyer 1998:626 [ref. 23416]. Lectotype selected and figured by Banarescu 1972:254 [ref. 23551]. •Synonym of Cirrhinus molitorella (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Wu et al. 1977:353 [ref. 4807], Mai 1978:76 [ref. 13511] as Cirrhina, Roberts 1997:192 [ref. 23550], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:201 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2001:20 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2013:88 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cirrhinus molitorella (Valenciennes 1844). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

gasterolepidus, Gymnocypris Herzenstein [S. M.] 1891:247 [Zoologischer Theil, St. Petersburg v. 3 (abt. 2)(3); ref. 4917] Upper part of Huang He River, Qinghai Province, China, elevation 13600 feet. Syntypes: ZIN 7381 (4, not found in 1996). •Synonym of Gymnocypris eckloni Herzenstein 1891 -- (Tsao 1964:182 [ref. 13501], Wu & Wu 1992:437 [ref. 21205], Chen & Huang in Chen 1998:235 [ref. 23556], Chen & Cao et al. in Yue 2000:361 [ref. 25272]). •Synonym of Schizopygopsis eckloni (Herzenstein 1891). Current status: Synonym of Schizopygopsis eckloni (Herzenstein 1891). Cyprinidae: Schizopygopsinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gaudichei, Labeo Pellegrin [J.] 1925:354 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 31 (no. 5); ref. 15605] Lectotype: MNHN 1924-0177. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1924-0178 (5). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:20 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Reid 1985:249 [ref. 19189]. •Valid as Labeo gaudichei Pellegrin 1925 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:312 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeo ogunensis Boulenger 1910 -- (Reid 1985:245 [ref. 19189]). •Synonym of Labeo parvus Boulenger 1902 -- (Paugy & Bénech 1989:301 [ref. 26478] as gaudicheri, Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:297 [ref. 21589]). Current status: Synonym of Labeo parvus Boulenger 1902. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

geba, Garra Getahun [A.] & Stiassny [M. L. J.] in Stiassny & Getahun 2007:57, Fig. 13 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 150; ref. 29119] Geba River, about 2 kilometers south of Hagere Selam town, Tigray, 13°35'N, 39°25'E, Ethiopia. Holotype: AMNH 228485. Paratypes: AMNH 223747 (7, 2 c&s). Appeared first as unavailable in an unpublished PhD thesis by Getahun, 2000. •Valid as Garra geba Getahun & Stiassny 2007 -- (Habteselassie et al. 2010:51 [ref. 30774]) Current status: Valid as Garra geba Getahun & Stiassny 2007. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Geba River, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

gedrosicus, Labeo Zugmayer [E.] 1912:598 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 10 (no. 60); ref. 14897] Rakhshan valley, central Makran Range, at Panjgur, Baluchistan Province, Pakistan. Syntypes: ZSM [old collection] (5) destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:272 [ref. 28925]. •Valid as Labeo gedrosicus Zugmayer 1912 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:209 [ref. 20764], Coad 1995:18 [ref. 23608], Jayaram & Dhas 2000:49 [ref. 25342], Mirza 2003:8 [ref. 27265]). •Valid as Bangana gedrosicus (Zugmanyer 1912) -- (Luo & Zhou 2009:66 [ref. 30000], Kottelat 2017:494 [ref. 35262]). Current status: Valid as Bangana gedrosicus (Zugmayer 1912). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

geertsii, Caecobarbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1921:252, Fig. [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 588] Grotto at Thysville, tributary of Kwilu River, itself a tributary to lower Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo, 5°15'S, 14°52'E, elevation 700 meters. Syntypes: (4) BMNH (1), MRAC 14610-12 (3). •Valid as Caecobarbus geertsii Boulenger 1921 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:298 [ref. 6186], Poll & Gosse 1995:159 [ref. 24781], Romero & Paulson 2001:16 [ref. 26040], Proudlove & Romero 2001:238 [ref. 26396], Proudlove 2006:57 [ref.