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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Dactyloscopidae: [ 58 ] records


acon, Leurochilus Böhlke [J. E.] 1968:4, Fig. 1 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 414; ref. 604] Andros Island, Middle Bight, Bahamas, depth to 12 feet. Holotype: ANSP 111592. Paratypes: AMNH 20626 (1); ANSP 111593 (1), 111594 (1, c&s), 111595 (4, orig. 6), 111596 (2); GCRL 13340 [ex ANSP 111595] (2); UF 201728 [ex UMML 1728] (1), 206354 [ex UMML 6354] (1); USNM 202734 [ex ANSP 11597] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:98 [ref. 13621], Springer & Orrell 1996:12 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Leurochilus acon Böhlke 1968 -- (Dawson 1982:48 [ref. 1072], Williams 2003:1753 [ref. 27109], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:66 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Leurochilus acon Böhlke 1968. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

altivelis, Platygillellus Dawson [C. E.] 1974:52, Fig. 7 (bottom) [Copeia 1974 (no. 1); ref. 1065] Isla del Caño, Costa Rica, 8°43'16"N, 83°52'50"W, depth 14 meters. Holotype: LACM 32549-1. Paratypes: (110) GCRL 10632, 10633; LACM 32492-1 (1), 32495-1 (1), 32499-1 (2), 32506-1 (1), 32546-2 (5), 32547-1 (3), 32548-1 (43), 32549-2 (17), 32551-1 (9), 32557-1 (1), 32562-1 (13); SIO 70-140, 71-50; UCR 382-3 (1), 433-42 (1). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:381 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Platygillellus altivelis Dawson 1974 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:225 [ref. 22193] dated to Kendall & Radcliffe 1912, Feitoza 2002:21 [ref. 26524], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Platygillellus altivelis Dawson 1974. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

amnis, Dactyloscopus Miller [R. R.] & Briggs [J. C.] 1962:1, Figs. 1, 2 (above) [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 627; ref. 6188] About 2 miles above the mouth of Río Papagayo, about 25 miles southeast of Acapulco, Guerrero, southern Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 179550. Paratypes: CAS-SU 60540 (2); UBC 61-133 (7); UMMZ 178500 [or 178599] (1), 179957 (1, allotype), 179958 (1); USNM 197405 (2). Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:12 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Dactyloscopus amnis Miller & Briggs 1962 -- (Dawson 1975:15 [ref. 7121], Villa 1982:214 [ref. 36708], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:402 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:386 [ref. 28615], Patzner et al. 2009:471 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:148 [ref. 34871], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:92 [ref. 35859]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus amnis Miller & Briggs 1962. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Pacific Slope of Middle America: Mexico to Panama. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

arenicola, Gillellus Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:99 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico, 22°53'00"N, 109°52'00"W. Neotype: CAS-SU 67821. Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:12 [ref. 22274]. Holotype lost; neotype designated by Dawson 1977:142 [ref. 1067]. •Valid as Gillellus arenicola Gilbert 1890 -- (Dawson 1977:140 [ref. 1067], Allen & Robertson 1994:223 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:122 [ref. 24545], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:148 [ref. 34871]). Current status: Valid as Gillellus arenicola Gilbert 1890. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

australis, Gillellus Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1923:23 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 63 (no. 2488); ref. 1474] Valparaíso, Chile. Holotype: USNM 83315 (poor condition). Paratypes: USNM 83099 (1, poor condition). Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:12 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Sindoscopus australis (Fowler & Bean 1923) -- (Dawson 1977:150 [ref. 1067], Pequeño 1989:64 [ref. 14125], Patzner et al. 2009:473 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Sindoscopus australis (Fowler & Bean 1923). Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Chile. Habitat: marine.

belone, Myxodagnus Böhlke [J. E.] 1968:6, Figs. 2-3 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 414; ref. 604] Great Bahama Bank, Andros Island, Middle Bight, Bahamas. Holotype: ANSP 111606. Paratypes: ANSP 111607-08 (3, 2), 111609 (1, c&s), 111610 (3, orig. 4); GCRL 16909 [ex ANSP 111610] (1), 117414 (4); UF 13376 (4), 15655 (1, allotype), 223904 [ex UMML 23904] (2); UPRM 2575 (15); USNM 202735 (5). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:111 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:98 [ref. 13621], Springer & Orrell 1996:12 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Myxodagnus belone Böhlke 1968 -- (Dawson 1982:69 [ref. 1072], Williams 2003:1753 [ref. 27109], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Myxodagnus belone Böhlke 1968. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

boehlkei, Dactyloscopus Dawson [C. E.] 1982:29, Fig. 9 (upper pair) [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 32 (no. 1); ref. 1072] Sand beach on north shore of Rose Island, Bahamas, depth 0-1.2 meters. Holotype: ANSP 144087. Paratypes: AMNH 29090 (1); ANSP 110439-42 (2, 6, 13, 3), 111670 (1), 116461 (4), 117880 (1), 144088-89 (13, 1); GCRL 16923 (2, c&s), 16924-25 (4, 1); USNM 221434-35 (2, 3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:98 [ref. 13621], Springer & Orrell 1996:12 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Dactyloscopus boehlkei Dawson 1982 -- (Collette et al. 2003:116 [ref. 26784], Williams 2003:1752 [ref. 27109], Patzner et al. 2009:471 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus boehlkei Dawson 1982. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas. Habitat: marine.

brasiliensis, Platygillellus Feitoza [B. M.] 2002:22, Figs. 1, 2 (a, d-g), 3, 4, 7 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 26524] Parracho de Maracajaú, 05°23'S, 35°15'W, Maxaranguape, Rio Grande do Norte State, off northeastern Brazil, depth 2 meters. Holotype: UFPB 5154. Paratypes: LIUEFS 5654-55 (1, 1), 5946-47 (1, 2); MBML 0598 (1); MNRJ 22003-04 (1, 1); UEFS 1432 (1); UFPB 5149-53 (2, 2, 3, 1, 1), 5155-59 (5, 1, 1, 1, 2); ZUEC 5423 (1). •Valid as Platygillellus brasiliensis Feitoza 2002 -- (Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:95 [ref. 27192], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Platygillellus brasiliensis Feitoza 2002. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: northeastern Brazil. Habitat: marine.

bussingi, Platygillellus Dawson [C. E.] 1974:49, Fig. 7 (top) [Copeia 1974 (no. 1); ref. 1065] Playas de Manuel Antonio, 7 kilometers south of Quepos, Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica. Holotype: LACM 33378-1. Paratypes: (35) FMNH 71828 (1); GCRL 10630, 10631; LACM 31579-80, 32546-1, 32549-3; UA 68-74-1; UCR 119-27 (1), 129-29 (1), 310-35 (2, was 4), 423-52 (5, was 7). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:381 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Platygillellus bussingi Dawson 1974 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:225 [ref. 22193], Feitoza 2002:21 [ref. 26524], Patzner et al. 2009:473 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Platygillellus bussingi Dawson 1974. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

byersi, Dactyloscopus Dawson [C. E.] 1969:45, Figs. 1-5 [Copeia 1969 (no. 1); ref. 7808] Northeastern end of new break-water, Manzanillo harbor, about 19°03'47"N, 104°19'13"W, Colima, Mexico, depth 0-1.5 meters. Holotype: USNM 202829. Paratypes: ANSP 109543 [not 109534] (2); BMNH 1976.4.8.1-2 (2); GCRL 2527 (2, c&s), 2528 (2); INIBP uncat. (2); USNM 202830-31 (1 allotype, 4). Plus other material, incl. BMNH 1976.4.8.1-2 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:98 [ref. 13621], Springer & Orrell 1996:12 [ref. 22274]. Named after Major and Mrs. Joseph Byers, so mandatory change to byersorum (ICZN Art. 31.1.2). •Valid as Dactyloscopus byersorum Dawson 1969 (often seen as byersi) -- (Dawson 1975:26 [ref. 7121], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:119 [ref. 24545], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:471 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:9 [ref. 31156], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus byersorum Dawson 1969. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico to Panama. Habitat: marine.

chathamensis, Gillellus Dawson [C. E.] 1977:138, Fig. 9 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 41 (no. 2); ref. 1067] Chatham Bay, Cocos Island, off Costa Rica, 5°33'12"N, 87°02'14"W, depth 6 meters. Holotype: LACM 32256-23. Paratypes: (66) GCRL 13211, 13212, 13213, 13214, 13215, 13216; LACM 32256-24 (21), 32260-22 (5), 32272-18 (5); UCR 711-16 (20). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:374 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Gillellus chathamensis Dawson 1977 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:224 [ref. 22193], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Gillellus chathamensis Dawson 1977. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Cocos Island. Habitat: marine.

cinctus, Dactyloscopus Osburn [R. C.] & Nichols [J. T.] 1916:176, Fig. 14 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 35 (art. 16); ref. 15062] Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Lectotype: AMNH 5206. Paralectotypes: AMNH 5394 (2). Originally intended holotype not identifiable; lectotype selected by Dawson 1977:157 [ref. 1067]. •Valid as Heteristius cinctus (Osburn & Nichols 1916) -- (Dawson 1977:155 [ref. 1067], Allen & Robertson 1994:224 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:120 [ref. 24545], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], Hastings & Springer 2009:7 [ref. 30391], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Heteristius cinctus (Osburn & Nichols 1916). Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

comptus, Dactyloscopus Dawson [C. E.] 1982:34, Figs. 10-11 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 32 (no. 1); ref. 1072] Nurse Cay, Ragged Island, Bahamas, depth 0-0.6 meters. Holotype: ANSP 144083. Paratypes: ANSP 110197 (1), 126656 (12), 144084-86 (15, 4, 6); GCRL 16919 (2, c&s), 16920 (3), 16922 (2); USNM 221436 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:98 [ref. 13621], Springer & Orrell 1996:13 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Dactyloscopus comptus Dawson 1982 -- (Williams 2003:1752 [ref. 27109], Patzner et al. 2009:471 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus comptus Dawson 1982. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

crossota, Cokeridia Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1928:906, Pl. 89 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 15 (publ. 249); ref. 2964] Chame Point, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype (unique): USNM 81784. Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:13 [ref. 22274]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Dactyloscopus by Dactyloscopus crossotus Starks 1913, replaced by Dactyloscopus thysanotus Böhlke 1966 (but see Art. 59.3 of the Code). •Synonym of Dactyloscopus amnis Miller & Briggs 1962 -- (Dawson 1975:15 [ref. 7121]). Current status: Synonym of Dactyloscopus amnis Miller & Briggs 1962. Dactyloscopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

crossotus, Dactyloscopus Starks [E. C.] 1913:70, Pl. 12 [Leland Stanford Jr. University Publications, University Series; ref. 4197] Sandy tidepools at Natal, Brazil. Holotype: CAS-SU 22227. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22522 (7). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:90 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Dactyloscopus crossotus Starks 1913 -- (Dawson 1982:23 [ref. 1072], Robins & Ray 1986:218 [ref. 23100], Williams 2003:1752 [ref. 27109], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:94 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:471 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:66 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus crossotus Starks 1913. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Dactyloscopus Myers [G. S.] & Wade [C. B.] 1946:157, Pl. 20 (fig. 1) [Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-40, Los Angeles v. 9 (no. 6); ref. 3135] Off Black Rock, South of Cape Corrientes, Jalisco, Mexico, 19°57'N, 105°32'W, depth 5-10 fathoms. Holotype (unique): LACM 23184 [ex AHF 907]. •Synonym of Dactyloscopus fimbriatus (Reid 1935), but a valid subspecies -- (Dawson 1975:24 [ref. 7121]). •Valid as Dactyloscopus elongatus Myers & Wade 1946 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:471 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:9 [ref. 31156], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus elongatus Myers & Wade 1946. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Baja California to Mexico. Habitat: marine.

fallax, Dactyloscopus pectoralis Dawson [C. E.] 1975:37, Fig. 21 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 22; ref. 7121] Ensenada de Chacala, Nayarit, Mexico. Holotype: LACM W58-11-1. Paratypes: GCRL 8501 (4, c&s), 8504 (6, c&s), 10652 (2), 10653 (4), 10694 (2), 10695 (2); SIO 12-63 (23) (ex UCLA W58-11), 62-25 (19), 62-56 (23), 68-175 (4); UCLA W52-112 (12); UCR 129-28 (3). Plus other material. Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:373 [ref. 35212]. •Synonym of Dactyloscopus pectoralis Gill 1861, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:223 [ref. 22193], Herrera & Lavenberg 2002:6 [ref. 25975]). •Valid as Dactyloscopus fallax Dawson 1975 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:471 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus fallax Dawson 1975. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico. Habitat: marine.

fimbriata, Cokeridia Reid [E. D.] 1935:163, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1935 (no. 4); ref. 3683] Off Cape Elena, Ecuador, 2°10'36"N, 81°38'45"W, depth 14.6-21.9 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 94003 [not 94993]. Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:13 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Dactyloscopus fimbriata (Reid 1935) -- (Dawson 1975:22 [ref. 7121]). •Valid as Dactyloscopus fimbriatus (Reid 1935) -- (Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:471 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:9 [ref. 31156]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus fimbriatus (Reid 1935). Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Nicaragua to Ecuador. Habitat: marine.

foraminosus, Dactyloscopus Dawson [C. E.] 1982:32, Fig. 9 (lower pair) [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 32 (no. 1); ref. 1072] Brazil, 0°24'N, 47°32'W, Oregon II station 17706, depth 29.3 meters. Holotype: USNM 221437. Paratypes: ANSP 144090 (1); GCRL 9325 (1), 9326 (1), 16926 (1), 16927 (1, c&s); MZUSP 14725 (1); USNM 221438-42 (1, 1, 1, 1, 2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:98 [ref. 13621], Springer & Orrell 1996:13 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Dactyloscopus foraminosus Dawson 1982 -- (Williams 2003:1752 [ref. 27109], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:94 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:471 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus foraminosus Dawson 1982. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

greyae, Gillellus Kanazawa [R. H.] 1952:88, Fig. 12 [Fieldiana Zoology v. 34 (no. 7); ref. 12780] Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 116881. Paratypes: FMNH 46200 (1), 48719 (1); USNM 82551 (1), 88113 (1), 160658 (orig. 4, now 3). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:39 [ref. 12367], Springer & Orrell 1996:13 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Gillellus greyae Kanazawa 1952 -- (Dawson 1982:59 [ref. 1072], Robins & Ray 1986:219 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1994:114 [ref. 24488], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:304 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:165 [ref. 27754], Williams 2003:1752 [ref. 27109], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:95 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:582 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:66 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Gillellus greyae Kanazawa 1952. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

healae, Gillellus Dawson [C. E.] 1982:56, Fig. 17 (upper pair) [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 32 (no. 1); ref. 1072] Off Pensacola, western Florida, U.S.A., 29°18'15"N, 85°32'00"W, Albatross station 2370, depth 45.7 meters. Holotype: USNM 134249. Paratypes: ANSP 144082 (1); FSM 24485 (2); UF ?33930 (1), 72308 [ex FSU 22308] (1); GCRL 16914-16 (1, 1, 1); HBF 107-3997 (1); USA 6277 (1); USNM 44301-02 (1, 1), 148525 (1), 153153 (1), 160659 (1) 221432-33 (1, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:98 [ref. 13621], Springer & Orrell 1996:13 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Gillellus healae Dawson 1982 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:219 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:159 [ref. 23239], Williams 2002:13 [ref. 26522], Williams 2003:1752 [ref. 27109], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:583 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Gillellus healae Dawson 1982. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

heraldi, Dactyloscopus byersi Dawson [C. E.] 1975:30, Fig. 18 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 22; ref. 7121] Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur, Mexico, 22°52'34"N, 109°53'52"W, depth 0-6.1 meter. Holotype: SIO 61-225. Paratypes: CAS-SU 67365 (12), GCRL 10644 (15), 10645 (4, c&s), 10648-49 (5, 5); LACM 31774-43 (1); SIO 15-497 (41) (ex UCLA W59-248), 59-210 (4), 61-225 (32), 61-232 (23), 61-239 (9), 61-241 (1), 61-248 (56), 62-704 (113), 62-706 (16), 64-42 (1), 64-43 (16), 64-65 (1). •Valid as Dactyloscopus heraldi Dawson 1975 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:9 [ref. 31156], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus heraldi Dawson 1975. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Baja California (Mexico) endemic. Habitat: marine.

inescatus, Gillellus Williams [J. T.] 2002:12, Fig. 1 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 26522] Outer shelf between Northwest Point and Lulu Bay, Navassa Island, depth 27-30 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 360232. •Valid as Gillellus inescatus Williams 2002 -- (Collette et al. 2003:117 [ref. 26784], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Gillellus inescatus Williams 2002. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Navassa Island, Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

insulatus, Dactyloscopus pectoralis Dawson [C. E.] 1975:40, Fig. 22 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 22; ref. 7121] Isla San Benedicto, Revilla Gigedo [Revillagigedo] Islands, off western Mexico, depth 9.2 meters. Holotype: SIO 70-394. Paratypes: CAS 28730 (3); GCRL 10655-56 (4, 1); LACM 31783-4 (9); SIO 11-392 (68) (ex UCLA W55-156), 70-392 (7), 70-394 (13); UBC 57-152 (1). Plus other material. •Synonym of Dactyloscopus pectoralis Gill 1861, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:223 [ref. 22193]). •Valid as Dactyloscopus insulatus Dawson 1975 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:9 [ref. 31156], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus insulatus Dawson 1975. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Revillagigedo Islands endemic. Habitat: marine.

jacksoni, Gillellus Dawson [C. E.] 1982:57, Fig. 17 (lower pair) [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 32 (no. 1); ref. 1072] Bay on northwestern shore of Fourche Island, St. Barthelemy, Lesser Antilles. Holotype: ANSP 144081. Paratypes: ANSP 105438 (4), 116535-36 (1, 1); GCRL 16917 (2), 16918 (1, c&s); ZMA 114167 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:98 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Gillellus jacksoni Dawson 1982 -- (Cavulluzzi 1997:140 [ref. 23511], Williams 2002:13 [ref. 26522], Williams 2003:1752 [ref. 27109], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:66 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Gillellus jacksoni Dawson 1982. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

jalisconis, Heteristius Myers [G. S.] & Wade [C. B.] 1946:161, Pl. 21 (fig. 4) [Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-40, Los Angeles v. 9 (no. 6); ref. 3135] South of Cape Corrientes, off Black Rock, Jalisco, Mexico, 19°57'N, 105°32'W, depth 5-10 fathoms. Holotype: LACM 23185 [ex AHF 914]. Paratypes: LACM 23186 [ex AHF 915] (2), CAS-SU 39961 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:90 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Heteristius cinctus (Osburn & Nichols 1916) -- (Dawson 1977:155 [ref. 1067]). Current status: Synonym of Heteristius cinctus (Osburn & Nichols 1916). Dactyloscopidae. Habitat: marine.

kathetostoma, Cokeridia Carvalho [J. de P.] 1957:2, Pl. 1 [Contribuições Avulsas do Instituto Oceanográfico Biológica No. 1; ref. 11985] Rabo Azedo beach, Ilha de São Sebastiao, coast of São Paulo State, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNRJ 9783 [ex IO 643a]. Type catalog: Menezes 1974:216 [ref. 20795]. •Synonym of Dactyloscopus tridigitatus Gill 1859 -- (Dawson 1982:26 [ref. 1072]). Current status: Synonym of Dactyloscopus tridigitatus Gill 1859. Dactyloscopidae. Habitat: marine.

lactea, Cokeridia Myers [G. S.] & Wade [C. B.] 1946:162, Pl. 21 (fig. 3) [Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-40, Los Angeles v. 9 (no. 6); ref. 3135] South Seymour Island, Galápagos Islands. Holotype: LACM 23188 [ex AHF 909]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 39958-60 (1, 1, 1), 67364 (1, c&s); LACM 23189-92 (1, 1, 1, 2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:90 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Dactyloscopus lacteus (Myers & Wade 1946) -- (Dawson 1975:40 [ref. 7121], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:518 [ref. 24023], Herrera & Lavenberg 2002:4 [ref. 25975], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus lacteus (Myers & Wade 1946). Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

lunaticus, Dactyloscopus Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:99 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Gulf of Panama, 8°06'30"N, 78°51'00"W, Albatross station 2797, depth 60.3 meters. Lectotype: USNM 44305. Paralectotypes: USNM 126879 (1), 210633 (1). Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:13-14 [ref. 22274]. Lectotype selected by Dawson 1975:10 [ref. 7121]. •Valid as Dactyloscopus lunaticus Gilbert 1890 -- (Dawson 1975:9 [ref. 7121], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:517 [ref. 24023], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:92 [ref. 35859]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus lunaticus Gilbert 1890. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

macrognathus, Myxodagnus Hildebrand [S. F.] 1946:408, Fig. 80 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 189; ref. 2161] Lobos de Tierra Bay, Peru. Holotype: USNM 128224. Paratypes or additional material: BMNH (2) from literature source. Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:14 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Myxodagnus macrognathus Hildebrand 1946 -- (Dawson 1976:41 [ref. 7376], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:244 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Myxodagnus macrognathus Hildebrand 1946. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Peru. Habitat: marine.

macropoma, Paragillellus Carvalho [J. de P.] & Pinto [S. Y.] 1965:112, Figs. 8-9 [Arquivos da Estacao de Biologia Marinha da Universidade do Ceara v. 5 (no. 2); ref. 738] Praia da Freguesia, Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNRJ 9772. Type catalog: Menezes 1974:216 [ref. 20795]. •Synonym of Dactyloscopus tridigitatus Gill 1859 -- (Dawson 1982:26 [ref. 1072]). Current status: Synonym of Dactyloscopus tridigitatus Gill 1859. Dactyloscopidae. Habitat: marine.

mangaratibensis, Paramyxodagnus Carvalho [J. de P.] & Pinto [S. Y.] 1965:110, Figs. 6-7 [Arquivos da Estacao de Biologia Marinha da Universidade do Ceara v. 5 (no. 2); ref. 738] Praia da Ribeira, Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype: MNRJ 9404. Paratypes: MNRJ 9771 (1). Type catalog: Menezes 1974:216 [ref. 20795]. •Synonym of Dactyloscopus crossotus Starks 1913 -- (Dawson 1982:23 [ref. 1072]). Current status: Synonym of Dactyloscopus crossotus Starks 1913. Dactyloscopidae. Habitat: marine.

metoecus, Dactyloscopus Dawson [C. E.] 1975:46, Fig. 27 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 22; ref. 7121] Islas Tres Marias, Isla Maria Magdalena, Mexico, 21°23'28"N, 106°24'24"W, depth 0-7.3 meters. Holotype: SIO 62-58. Paratypes: GCRL 10651 (1), 10692 (1, c&s), 10693 (1), 11013 (2, c&s); SIO 11-393 (8) (ex UCLA W58-5), 46-239 (1) (ex UCLA W52-112), 46-234 (1) (ex UCLA W52-118), 62-25 (5), 62-58 (1); UBC 60-464 (4). •Valid as Dactyloscopus metoecus Dawson 1975 -- (Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus metoecus Dawson 1975. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

minutus, Dactyloscopus Dawson [C. E.] 1975:44, Fig. 29 [Science Bulletin, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County No. 22; ref. 7121] Manzanillo Bay, about 8.3 kilometers north of Manzanillo, Colima, Mexico, depth 0-2.1 meters. Holotype: LACM 9051-50. Paratypes: GCRL 10650 (1), 10689 (2), 10690 (1, c&s); LACM 32546-43 (2), 32548-50 (1), 32549-55 (2), 32562-43 (3), 9051-42 (5); SIO 62-55 (3), 67-40 (1), 70-139 (5), 70-140 (1); UCR 423-37 (2). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:373 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Dactyloscopus minutus Dawson 1975 -- (Grove & Lavenberg 1997:517 [ref. 24023], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus minutus Dawson 1975. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

moorei, Congrammus Fowler [H. W.] 1906:105, Fig. 13 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 58; ref. 1371] Hailer's Rock, Florida Keys, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 30621. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:29 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Congrammus moorei Fowler 1906 -- (Dawson 1982:37 [ref. 1072]). •Valid as Dactyloscopus moorei (Fowler 1906) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:219 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:159 [ref. 23239], Williams 2003:1752 [ref. 27109], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:580 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus moorei (Fowler 1906). Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

moreirai, Paramyxodagnus Carvalho [J. de P.] & Pinto [S. Y.] 1965:108, Figs. 1-5 [Arquivos da Estacao de Biologia Marinha da Universidade do Ceara v. 5 (no. 2); ref. 738] Praia de Freguesia, Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNRJ 9770. Type catalog: Menezes 1974:216 [ref. 20795]. •Synonym of Dactyloscopus crossotus Starks 1913 -- (Dawson 1982:23 [ref. 1072]). Current status: Synonym of Dactyloscopus crossotus Starks 1913. Dactyloscopidae. Habitat: marine.

mundus, Dactylagnus Gill [T. N.] 1863:506 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14 (for 1862); ref. 1672] Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 4915. Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:14 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Dactylagnus mundus Gill 1863 -- (Dawson 1976:20 [ref. 7376], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:118 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:518 [ref. 24023] [but see McCosker 1998:810 [ref. 24025]], Nelson et al. 2004:161 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:471 [ref. 30396] dated 1862, Page et al. 2013:166 [ref. 32708] dated as 1862). Current status: Valid as Dactylagnus mundus Gill 1863. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

oliveirai, Tamandareia Carvalho [J. de P.] & Pinto [S. Y.] 1965:115, Figs. 11-13 [Arquivos da Estacao de Biologia Marinha da Universidade do Ceara v. 5 (no. 2); ref. 738] Baía de Tamandaré, Rio Formoso, Pernambuco, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNRJ 9218. Type catalog: Menezes 1974:216 [ref. 20795]. •Synonym of Dactyloscopus tridigitatus Gill 1859 -- (Dawson 1982:26 [ref. 1072]). Current status: Synonym of Dactyloscopus tridigitatus Gill 1859. Dactyloscopidae. Habitat: marine.

olsoni, Storrsia Dawson [C. E.] 1982:82, Fig. 23 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 32 (no. 1); ref. 1072] Tidepool, Saco de Atalaia, Fernando de Noronha Island, Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Brazil, depth 0-1 meters. Holotype (unique): MUZSP 25658 [ex USNM 221547]. •Valid as Storrsia olsoni Dawson 1982 -- (Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:95 [ref. 27192], Patzner et al. 2009:473 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Storrsia olsoni Dawson 1982. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Fernando Noronha Archipelago, Brazil. Habitat: marine.

opercularis, Myxodagnus Gill [T. N.] 1861:270 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 13; ref. 1778] Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico. Lectotype: USNM 2531. Paralectotypes: USNM 2532-33 (1, 1). Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:14 [ref. 22274]. Lectotype selected by Dawson 1976:36 [ref. 7376]. •Valid as Myxodagnus opercularis Gill 1861 -- (Dawson 1976:33 [ref. 7376], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:120 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:521 [ref. 24023], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:9 [ref. 31156], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Myxodagnus opercularis Gill 1861. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California and Revillagigedo Islands. Habitat: marine.

ornatus, Gillellus Gilbert [C. H.] 1892:558 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 14 (no. 880); ref. 1626] Isla Santa Cruz, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Neotype: LACM W65-86-1. Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:14-15 [ref. 22274]. Holotype lost; neotype designated by Dawson 1977:146 [ref. 1067]. •Valid as Gillellus ornatus Gilbert 1892 -- (Dawson 1977:144 [ref. 1067], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:121 [ref. 24545], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396] dated 1896, Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Gillellus ornatus Gilbert 1892. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California. Habitat: marine.

parvus, Dactylagnus Dawson [C. E.] 1976:27, Figs. 8-9 [Copeia 1976 (no. 1); ref. 7376] Isla de Coiba, southeastern end of Bahia de Damas at Boca Grande, Panama, 7°23'35"N, 81°31'45"W, depth 0-15 cm. Holotype: SIO 71-213. Paratypes: Total of 136 among: GCRL 12784, 12785, 12786, 12787; SIO 71-213 (118). Other material: GCRL 12788, 12789, 12837; SIO 62-706; UBC 57-129, 57-163; UCLA W58-8, W58-24, W58-30. •Valid as Dactylagnus parvus Dawson 1976 -- (De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:118 [ref. 24545] as porvus, Nelson et al. 2004:161 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:471 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Dactylagnus parvus Dawson 1976. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pectoralis, Dactyloscopus Gill [T. N.] 1861:267 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 13; ref. 1778] Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico, 22°52'34"N, 109°54'00"W, depth 0-4.6 meters. Neotype: SIO 59-210. Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:15 [ref. 22274]. Appeared first as above (19 Nov.); also in Günther 1861:563 [ref. 1960]. The three syntypic specimens deposited at USNM not found; neotype designated by Dawson 1975:34 [ref. 7121]. •Valid as Dactyloscopus pectoralis Gill 1861 -- (Dawson 1975:32 [ref. 7121], Allen & Robertson 1994:223 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:120 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:293 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], Hastings & Springer 2009:7 [ref. 30391], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:9 [ref. 31156], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus pectoralis Gill 1861. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Baja and Gulf of California. Habitat: marine.

peratikos, Dactylagnus Böhlke [J. E.] & Caldwell [D. K.] 1961:537, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean v. 11 (no. 4); ref. 9275] Tortuguero beach, Limón Province, Costa Rica (Atlantic), 10°34'N, 83°32'W. Holotype (unique): UF 7176. Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:113-114 [ref. 21035]. •Valid as Dactylagnus peratikos Böhlke & Caldwell 1961 -- (Dawson 1982:75 [ref. 1072], Patzner et al. 2009:471 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Dactylagnus peratikos Böhlke & Caldwell 1961. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Costa Rica and Panama, Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

poeyi, Dactyloscopus Gill [T. N.] 1861:266 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 13; ref. 1778] Cay Sal Bank, Bahamas, depth 0-3 meters. Neotype: ANSP 144227. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:98 [ref. 13621], Springer & Orrell 1996:14 [ref. 22274]. Original locality Cuba, one presented to USNM (apparently lost); neotype designated by Dawson 1982:42 [ref. 1072]. •Valid as Dactyloscopus poeyi Gill 1861 -- (Dawson 1982:40 [ref. 1072], Williams 2003:1752 [ref. 27109], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:66 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus poeyi Gill 1861. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

quadrocinctus, Gillellus Beebe [W.] & Hollister [G.] 1935:222, Fig. 27 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 19 (no. 6); ref. 13873] Union Island, Grenadines, British West Indies, depth 1.5 feet. Holotype (unique): NYZS Antares Exp. no. 180 (missing). Type catalog: Mead 1958:133 [ref. 20648]. Apparently as quadrocintus by typesetting error in main heading on p. 222, correctly as quadrocinctus in caption to Fig. 27. •Synonym of Platygillellus rubrocinctus (Longley 1934) -- (Dawson 1982:62 [ref. 1072]). Current status: Synonym of Platygillellus rubrocinctus (Longley 1934). Dactyloscopidae. Habitat: marine.

rubellulus, Gillelus Kendall [W. C.] & Radcliffe [L.] 1912:148, Pl. 6 (fig. 3) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 35 (no. 3); ref. 14961] San Cristóbal Island [Chatham Island], Galápagos Islands, Albatross. Holotype: USNM 65510. Paratypes: MCZ 29546 (1), USNM 208291 [ex USNM 65510] (2). Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:15 [ref. 22274]. Original genus should have been spelled Gillellus. •Valid as Platygillellus rubellulus (Kendall & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Dawson 1974:42 [ref. 1065], Allen & Robertson 1994:225 [ref. 22193], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:522 [ref. 24023], Herrera & Lavenberg 2002:8 [ref. 25975], Patzner et al. 2009:473 [ref. 30396], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957] with genus ass Platygillelus). Current status: Valid as Platygillellus rubellulus (Kendall & Radcliffe 1912). Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

rubrocinctus, Gillellus Longley [W. H.] 1934:257 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Publications No. 33; ref. 13896] Bird Key reef flats, Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 108870. Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:15 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Platygillellus rubrocinctus (Longley 1934) -- (Dawson 1982:62 [ref. 1072], Robins & Ray 1986:219 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1994:115 [ref. 24488] as Platigillellus, Feitoza 2002:28 [ref. 26524], Williams 2003:1753 [ref. 27109], Smith et al. 2003:48 [ref. 27621] as Platygillelus, Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:585 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:473 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:66 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Platygillellus rubrocinctus (Longley 1934). Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

sagitta, Myxodagnus Myers [G. S.] & Wade [C. B.] 1946:159, Pl. 20 (fig. 2) [Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-40, Los Angeles v. 9 (no. 6); ref. 3135] Academy Bay, Indefatigable Island [Santa Cruz], 0°46'16"S, 90°19'38"W, Galápagos Islands, depth 10-25 fathoms. Holotype (unique): LACM 23187 [ex AHF 908]. •Valid as Myxodagnus sagitta Myers & Wade 1946 -- (Dawson 1976:39 [ref. 7376], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:520 [ref. 24023], Herrera & Lavenberg 2002:7 [ref. 25975], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Myxodagnus sagitta Myers & Wade 1946. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

santosi, Springeria Carvalho [J. de P.] & Pinto [S. Y.] 1965:113, Fig. 10 [Arquivos da Estacao de Biologia Marinha da Universidade do Ceara v. 5 (no. 2); ref. 738] Praia do Forno, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNRJ 9406 [not 9218]. Type catalog: Menezes 1974:216 [ref. 20795] but used 9218 for 2 species. •Synonym of Dactyloscopus crossotus Starks 1913 -- (Dawson 1982:23 [ref. 1072]). Current status: Synonym of Dactyloscopus crossotus Starks 1913. Dactyloscopidae. Habitat: marine.

searcheri, Gillellus Dawson [C. E.] 1977:146, Fig. 12 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 41 (no. 2); ref. 1067] Isla del Caño, Costa Rica, 8°43'15"N, 83°53'07"W, depth 9 meters. Holotype: LACM 32546-45. Paratypes: (134) GCRL 13217, 13222, 13223; LACM 32546-46 (69), 32547-49 (33), 32549-58 (15); UCR 676-9 (15). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:375 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Gillellus searcheri Dawson 1977 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:224 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:122 [ref. 24545], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Gillellus searcheri Dawson 1977. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

semicinctus, Gillellus Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:98 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Gulf of California, Baja California, Mexico, 22°52'00"N, 109°55'00"W, Albatross station 2829, depth 56.7 meters. Lectotype: CAS-SU 31. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 67760 (1); USNM 44301-02 (1, 1), 126880 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:90 [ref. 12291], Springer & Orrell 1996:15 [ref. 22274]. Lectotype established by Jordan 1896:244 [ref. 2395]; see Dawson 1977:136 [ref. 1067]. USNM paralectotypes are also paratypes of Gillellus healae. •Valid as Gillellus semicinctus Gilbert 1890 -- (Dawson 1977:138 [ref. 1067], Allen & Robertson 1994:224 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:122 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:520 [ref. 24023], Herrera & Lavenberg 2002:8 [ref. 25975], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], Hastings & Springer 2009:7 [ref. 30391], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957] with genus as Gillelus, Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Gillellus semicinctus Gilbert 1890. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

smithi, Platygillellus Dawson [C. E.] 1982:67, Fig. 20 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 32 (no. 1); ref. 1072] 183 meters off southwest point, Little Inagua Island, Bahamas, 0-7.6 meters. Holotype (unique): AMNH 27215. •Valid as Platygillellus smithi Dawson 1982 -- (Feitoza 2002:28 [ref. 26524], Williams 2003:1753 [ref. 27109], Patzner et al. 2009:473 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Platygillellus smithi Dawson 1982. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas. Habitat: marine.

thysanotus, Dactyloscopus Böhlke [J. E.] 1966:879 [Copeia 1966 (no. 4); ref. 20687] Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:15 [ref. 22274]. Replacement name for Cokeridia crossota Meek & Hildebrand 1928, secondarily preoccupied by Dactyloscopus crossotus Starks 1913 when both species are in Dactyloscopus. •Synonym of Dactyloscopus amnis Miller & Briggs 1962 -- (Dawson 1975:15 [ref. 7121]). Current status: Synonym of Dactyloscopus amnis Miller & Briggs 1962. Dactyloscopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

tridigitatus, Dactyloscopus Gill [T. N.] 1859:132 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 11; ref. 1792] Barbados, West Indies. Syntypes: USNM 6307 (3, poor condition). Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:15 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Dactyloscopus tridigitatus Gill 1859 -- (Dawson 1982:53 [ref. 1072], Robins & Ray 1986:218 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1994:113 [ref. 24488], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221], Doyle 1998:33 [ref. 24430], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:304 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:165 [ref. 27754], Williams 2003:1752 [ref. 27109], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:94 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:47 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:581 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Matamoros et al. 2009:23 [ref. 31241], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:66 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus tridigitatus Gill 1859. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

uranidea, Gillellus Böhlke [J. E.] 1968:9, Fig. 4 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 414; ref. 604] Western side of Flamingo Cay, Jumentos group, Great Bahama Bank, Bahamas, depth 5 feet. Holotype: ANSP 111598 [ex UMML 6335]. Paratypes: ANSP 111599-602 (1, 1, 1, 1), 111603 (1, c&s), 111604 (2); UF 15654 [ex ANSP 111605] (2); UF 206281 [ex UMML 6281] (1), 206335 [ex UMML 6335] (2), 207186 [ex UMML 7186] (3), 209246 [ex UMML 9246] (1), 209627 [ex UMML 9627] (1), 210308 [ex UMML 10308] (1), 217968 [ex UMML 17968] (2), 218000 [ex UMML 18000] (4), 223942 [ex UMML 23942] (2). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:114 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:98 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Gillellus uranidea Böhlke 1968 -- (Dawson 1982:48 [ref. 1072], Robins & Ray 1986:219 [ref. 23100], Cavulluzzi 1997:142 [ref. 23511], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:165 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:991 [ref. 25909] as Gyllellus cf. uranoidea, Collette et al. 2003:117 [ref. 26784], Williams 2003:1752 [ref. 27109], Smith et al. 2003:47 [ref. 27621] as Gillelus, Nelson et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:584 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:66 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Gillellus uranidea Böhlke 1968. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

walkeri, Myxodagnus opercularis Dawson [C. E.] 1976:36, Fig. 13 [Copeia 1976 (no. 1); ref. 7376] Beach, 0.4 kilometers south of Chacala, Nayarit, Mexico. Holotype: LACM W58-8-1. Paratypes: GCRL 12792 (10), 12793 (1, c&s); LACM W58-5-1 (1), W58-5-2 (58). •Valid as Myxodagnus walkeri Dawson 1976 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:9 [ref. 31156], Page et al. 2013:167 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Myxodagnus walkeri Dawson 1976. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico and Costa Rica. Habitat: marine.

zelotes, Dactyloscopus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Evermann 1896:465 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 21 (for 1895) Appendix 5; ref. 2442] Vernado Beach, about 3/4 way to Isla Venado, Canal Zone, Panama, depth 0.2 meters. Neotype: USNM 210625. Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:15-16 [ref. 22274]. Based on Dactyloscopus sp. of Jordan & Gilbert 1882:628; single type specimen not found. Neotype designated by Dawson 1975:20 [ref. 7121]. •Valid as Dactyloscopus zelotes Jordan & Gilbert 1896 -- (Dawson 1975:20 [ref. 7121], Patzner et al. 2009:472 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Dactyloscopus zelotes Jordan & Gilbert 1896. Dactyloscopidae. Distribution: Panama Canal. Habitat: marine.