Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Elopidae: [ 17 ] records


affinis, Elops Regan [C. T.] 1909:38 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 3 (no. 13); ref. 14414] Mazatlán and Jalisco, (Pacific) Mexico. Syntypes: (2) ?BMNH 1895.5.27.313 [from Jordan] (1). •Valid as Elops affinis Regan 1909 -- (Lee et al. 1980:55 [ref. 22416], Villa 1982:76 [ref. 36708], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:62 [ref. 9277], Swift et al. 1993:130 [ref. 22379], Allen & Robertson 1994:41 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:36 [ref. 23101], Whitehead & Rodriguez-Sánchez in Fischer et al. 1995:1065 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:126 [ref. 24545], McCosker 1998:809 [ref. 24025], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:180 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:91 [ref. 24550], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:119 [ref. 25206], Thomson et al. 2000:284 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:59 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:16 [ref. 37547], Miller 2006:85 [ref. 28615], Minckley & Marsh 2009:71 [ref. 31114], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957], Angulo et al. 2013:989 [ref. 33194], Page et al. 2013:59 [ref. 32708], Barriga Salazar 2014:104 [ref. 35745], Kells et al. 2016:88 [ref. 35888], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:344 [ref. 36407], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:288 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Elops affinis Regan 1909. Elopidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to Peru, including Gulf of California (Mexico) and Cocos Island (Costa Rica). Habitat: brackish, marine.

annacarolina, Mugilomorus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:397 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Carolina coast, U.S.A. No types known. Originally anna-carolina. •Synonym of Elops saurus Linnaeus 1766. Current status: Synonym of Elops saurus Linnaeus 1766. Elopidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

australis, Elops Regan [C. T.] 1909:39 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 3 (no. 13); ref. 14414] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1890.9.23.183. •Synonym of Elops saurus Linnaeus 1766 -- (Okada 1961:290 [ref. 6363]). •Synonym of Elops hawaiensis Regan 1909 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:104 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:194 [ref. 22532], Smith 1999:1619 [ref. 24661], Paxton et al. 2006:221 [ref. 28994], Kottelat 2013:33 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Elops hawaiensis Regan 1909. Elopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

capensis, Elops Smith [A.] 1838-47:unnumbered page, Pl. 7 [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. No types known. •Synonym of Elops saurus Linnaeus 1766 -- (Okada 1961:290 [ref. 6363]). •Synonym of Elops machnata (Forsskål 1775) -- (Daget 1984:30 [ref. 6170], Kottelat 2013:33 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Elops machnata (Fabricius 1775). Elopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

carolina, Argentina Linnaeus [C.] 1766:519 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolina [South Carolina, U.S.A.] and Bahamas. No types known. Based on multiple sources, including a manuscript description by A. Garden [South Carolina], and the 'Harengus minor, Bahamensis' of Catesby 1743:Pl. 24, fig. 24 [ref. 774] [Bahamas]. •Synonym of Elops saurus Linnaeus 1766. Current status: Synonym of Elops saurus Linnaeus 1766. Elopidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

congicus, Elops Boulenger [G. A.] 1898:21, Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 2); ref. 4864] Manyanga, region of cataracts. Holotype (unique): MRAC 81. •Synonym of Elops lacerta Valenciennes 1847 -- (Daget 1984:30 [ref. 6170], Whitehead 1990:119 [ref. 19325]). Current status: Synonym of Elops lacerta Valenciennes 1847. Elopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

guineensis, Elops Suckow [G. A.] 1799:727 [Naturgeschichte der Thiere v. 4, pt. 1; ref. 18858] New name for E. saurus of Bloch. Possibly available from Suckow 1799. Elopidae.

hawaiensis, Elops Regan [C. T.] 1909:39 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 3 (no. 13); ref. 14414] Hawaiian Islands. Syntypes: BMNH 1883.12.15.93-94 (2). •Synonym of Elops saurus Linnaeus 1766 -- (Okada 1961:290 [ref. 6363]). •Valid as Elops hawaiensis Regan 1909 -- (Uyeno in Masuda et al. 1984:21 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:30 [ref. 25477] as hawaiiensis, Paxton et al. 1989:104 [ref. 12442], Allen 1991:37 [ref. 21090], Gomon et al. 1994:194 [ref. 22532], Allen 1997:50 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:346 [ref. 23967], Smith 1999:1619 [ref. 24661], Johnson 1999:720 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:188 [ref. 25086], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:584 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:97 [ref. 26368], Sakai et al. 2001:84 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:188 [ref. 26001], Randall et al. 2004:5 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:24 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:108 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:221 [ref. 28994], Randall 2007:51 [ref. 30952], Bray 2008:155 [ref. 30620], Motomura et al. 2010:69 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31242], Larson et al. 2013:23 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:33 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:17 [ref. 34464], Morgan et al. 2014:33 [ref. 36567], Motomura et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35490], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36460] as hawaiiensis, Sonoyama et al. 2020:16 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Elops hawaiensis Regan 1909. Elopidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea east to Hawaiian Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to Japan, south to northwestern Australia, New South Wales (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

indicus, Elops Swainson [W.] 1839:292 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Vizagapatam, India. No types known. Based on Russ. pl. 179 -- which is Jinagoe of Russell 1803:63, Pl. 179 [ref. 13862]. •Synonym of Elops saurus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Okada 1961:288 [ref. 6363]). •Status uncertain -- (Kottelat 2013:33 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Elops saurus Linnaeus 1766. Elopidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

inermis, Elops Mitchill [S. L.] 1814:14 [Report, in part, of Samuel L. Mitchill; ref. 3030] New York, U.S.A. No types known. Also in Mitchill 1815:445 [ref. 13292]. •Synonym of Elops saurus Linnaeus 1766. Current status: Synonym of Elops saurus Linnaeus 1766. Elopidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lacerta, Elops Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:381, Pl. 575 [not 541] [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Senegal. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6505 (3), MNHN A-9390 (2, poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:259 [ref. 293]. •Valid as Elops lacerta Valenciennes 1847 -- (Daget 1984:30 [ref. 6170], Smith 1986:155 [ref. 5712], Whitehead 1990:119 [ref. 19325], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1990:88 [ref. 21589], Poll & Gosse 1995:85 [ref. 24781], Vreven & De Vos 2007:175 [ref. 30015] dated 1846, Ferraris 2016:1586 [ref. 34555]). Current status: Valid as Elops lacerta Valenciennes 1847. Elopidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Angola or Namibia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

machnata, Argentina Fabricius [J. C.] in Niebuhr (ex Forsskål) 1775:68, xiii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P17153 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:10 [ref. 9588]. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 36 [ref. 20847]. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:14 [ref. 30182]. •Synonym of Elops saurus Linnaeus 11766 -- (Okada 1961:289 [ref. 6363]). •Valid as Elops machnata (Forsskål 1775) -- (Fraser 1973 [ref. 19562], Dor 1984:24 [ref. 29757], Daget 1984:30 [ref. 6170], Smith 1986:155 [ref. 5712], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:67 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:5 [ref. 23448], Poll & Gosse 1995:85 [ref. 24781] as moschata, Goren & Dor 1994:6 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:53 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:92 [ref. 27969], Carpenter et al. 1997:106 [ref. 23922], Fricke 1999:34 [ref. 24106], Mishra et al. 1999:83 [ref. 25315], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:584 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:341 [ref. 25191], Kottelat 2001:13 [ref. 25482], Zhang 2001:45 [ref. 26586], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S94 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:98 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:25 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:108 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:222 [ref. 28994], Bray 2008:155 [ref. 30620], Fricke et al. 2009:13 [ref. 30213], Kottelat 2013:33 [ref. 32989], Psomadakis et al. 2015:144 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:305 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:28 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:18 [ref. 36273], Suresh et al. 2018:53 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:32 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:61 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:270 [ref. 37272]). •Valid as Elops machnata (Fabricius 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:14 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Valid as Elops machnata (Fabricius 1775). Elopidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Persian Gulf, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes [extinct in Réunion] east to Philippines; possibly Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

purpurascens, Elops Richardson [J.] 1846:311 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Chinese Seas. No types known. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:208 [ref. 11606]). •Synonym of Elops saurus Linnaeus 1766 -- (Okada 1961:290 [ref. 6363]). •Synonym of Elops machnata (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kottelat 2013:33 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Elops machnata (Fabricius 1775). Elopidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

saurus, Elops Linnaeus [C.] 1766:518 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolina [South Carolina, U.S.A.] and Jamaica. Lectotype: LS 90 (half-skin, two pieces). Type catalog: Goode & Bean 1885:205 [ref. 1841], Wheeler 1985:27-28 [ref. 20705]. Based on multiple sources including the 'Saurus maximus, non maculatus' of Sloane 1725:284 [ref. 30230] [Jamaica], the 'Saurus argenteus laminis branchiostegis utrinque macula ...' of Browne 1756:452 [ref. 30188] [Jamaica], and a manuscript description and 2 specimens sent by A. Garden [South Carolina]. Lectotype selected by McBride et al. 2010: [ref. 30702] •Synonym of Elops hawaiensis Regan 1909 -- (Choi et al. 2003:488 [ref. 26218]). •Valid as Elops saurus Linnaeus 1766 -- (Okada 1961:289 [ref. 6363], Lee et al. 1980:56 [ref. 22416], Villa 1982:76 [ref. 36708], Uyeno & Aizawa in Uyeno et al. 1983:98 [ref. 14275], Smith 1986:392 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:47 [ref. 23100], Smith 1989:962 [ref. 13285], Zheng et al. 1989:20 [ref. 21202], Cervigón 1991:18 [ref. 24472], Kuang in Pan et al. 1991:28 [ref. 23876], Boschung 1992:31 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:308 [ref. 23827], Planquette et al. 1996:52 [ref. 22818], Murdy et al. 1997:61 [ref. 23144], González Bencomo et al. 1997:158 [ref. 24960], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:205 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:46 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:90 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:126 [ref. 25013], Marín 2000:64 [ref. 26252], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:147 [ref. 27754], Camargo & Isaac 2001:140 [ref. 27639], Crabtree in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:89 [ref. 26158], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:31 [ref. 27192], Smith & Crabtree 2003:679 [ref. 35183], Nelson et al. 2004:59 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:126 [ref. 27995], Miller 2006:86 [ref. 28615], García-Hernández et al. 2009:91 [ref. 37265], McBride et al. 2010:38 [ref. 30702], Page et al. 2013:59 [ref. 32708], Nión et al. 2016:24 [ref. 35565], Marceniuk et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35324], Costa et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35684], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:344 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:57 [ref. 35886], Spier et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:6 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Elops saurus Linnaeus 1766. Elopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: brackish, marine.

senegalensis, Elops Regan [C. T.] 1909:38 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 3 (no. 13); ref. 14414] St. Louis, Senegal. Syntypes: BMNH 1900.6.28.13-15 (3). •Valid as Elops senegalensis Regan 1909 -- (Daget 1984:31 [ref. 6170], Whitehead 1990:118 [ref. 19325], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1990:89 [ref. 21589], Poll & Gosse 1995:85 [ref. 24781], Afonso et al. 1999:68 [ref. 25466], Wirtz et al. 2007:24 [ref. 30263], Wirtz et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32972], Félix et al. 2016:D [4] [ref. 34346], Ferraris 2016:1587 [ref. 34555], Freitas et al. 2018:70 [ref. 36259]). Current status: Valid as Elops senegalensis Regan 1909. Elopidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania south to Congo, including Cape Verde Islands and São Tomé Island. Habitat: brackish, marine.

smithi, Elops McBride [R. S.], Rocha [C. R.], Ruiz-Carus [R.] & Bowen [B. W.] 2010:31, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa No. 2346; ref. 30702] Guyana. Holotype: UF 45683. Paratypes: UF 11269 (2), 45682 (1); GCRL 11950 (4), 12733 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Elops smithi McBride, Rocha, Ruiz-Carus & Bowen 2010 -- (Di Dario et al. 2013:262 [ref. 37503], Page et al. 2013:59 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:168 [ref. 32953], Catelani et al. 2014:931 [ref. 37496], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:21 [ref. 33341], Petry et al. 2016:299 [ref. 34966] as cf. smithi, Nión et al. 2016:24 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Elops smithi McBride, Rocha, Ruiz-Carus & Bowen 2010. Elopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: East coast of U.S.A. south to Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; waifs in Bermuda. Habitat: marine.

variegatus, Elops Commerson [P.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:25 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Tahiti, Society Islands. Elopidae.