Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 August 2020

SEARCH RESULTS FROM

Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
Select the database to search:
GENERA   SPECIES   REFERENCES
Include unavailable names

         Comments: ,

    Please look in Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes for authorships of sections, Families of Fishes (all), and related information.

Species in the family or subfamily Embiotocidae: [ 58 ] records


agassizi, Holconotus Gibbons [W. P.] 1854:122 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1610] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: SMNS 1221 (5) ex MCZ in 1864. •Synonym of Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:62 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz 1854. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

agassizii, Hyperprosopon Gill [T. N.] 1862:276 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14; ref. 1666] California, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Hyperprosopon ellipticum (Gibbons 1854) -- (Tarp 1952:34 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Hyperprosopon ellipticum (Gibbons 1854). Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

aggregatus, Cymatogaster Gibbons [W. P.] 1854:p. 2, col. 3 [Daily Placer Times and Transcript [newspaper] v. 5 (no. 1274); ref. 5207] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. No types known. Appeared first in newspaper as above; then in Gibbons 1854:106 [ref. 18929]; as Micrometrus aggregatus in Gibbons 1854:125 [ref. 1610]. •Valid as Cymatogaster aggregata Gibbons 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:72 [ref. 12250], Lee et al. 1980:776 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:228 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:153 [ref. 14674], Swift et al. 1993:131 [ref. 22379], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:393 [ref. 24550], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:662 [ref. 25968], Moyle 2002:428 [ref. 26449], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:192 [ref. 27816], Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:56 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:256 [ref. 35888], Longo et al. 2018:595 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:79 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Cymatogaster aggregata Gibbons 1854. Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aletes, Micrometrus (Brachyistius) Tarp [F. H.] 1952:89 [Fish Bulletin of the Division of Fish and Game of California No. 88; ref. 12250] Guadalupe Island, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype: CAS 2092. Paratypes: CAS 2088-91 (4), 2093-96 (4); CAS-SU 5913 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:81-82 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Brachyistius frenatus Gill 1862 -- (Longo et al. 2018:592 [ref. 36149]). Current status: Synonym of Brachyistius frenatus Gill 1862. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

analis, Hyperprosopon Agassiz [A.] 1861:133 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 8 (1861-1862); ref. 11] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. No types known. Correct spelling of species is anale when in Hyperprosopon. •Valid as Hyperprosopon anale Agassiz 1861 -- (Tarp 1952:37 [ref. 12250], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:229 [ref. 9277], Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:258 [ref. 35888]). •Valid as Hypocritichthys analis (Agassiz 1861) -- (Longo et al. 2018:593 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:80 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Hypocritichthys analis (Agassiz 1861). Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

arcuatus, Hyperprosopon Gibbons [W. P.] 1854:p. 1, col. 1 [Daily Placer Times and Transcript [newspaper] v. 5 (no. 1284); ref. 6064] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. No types known. Appeared first in newspaper as above; then in Gibbons 1854:125 [ref. 1619]. •Synonym of Hyperprosopon argenteum Gibbons 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:32 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Hyperprosopon argenteum Gibbons 1854. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

arenatus, Amphistichus Ryder [J. A.] 1885:140 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 8 (no. 501); ref. 18645] Name only, not available; probably in error for Amphistichus argenteus. Embiotocidae.

argenteus, Amphistichus Agassiz [L.] 1854:367 [29] [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 17; ref. 70] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: SMNS 1244 (1) ex MCZ in 1864. On p. 29 of separate. •Valid as Amphistichus argenteus Agassiz 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:39 [ref. 12250], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:226 [ref. 9277], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:393 [ref. 24550], Ruiz-Campos et al. 2000:73 [ref. 24940], Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:256 [ref. 35888], Longo et al. 2018:594 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:79 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Amphistichus argenteus Agassiz 1854. Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

argenteus, Hyperprosopon Gibbons [W. P.] 1854:p. 2, col. 3 [Daily Placer Times and Transcript [newspaper] v. 5 (no. 1274); ref. 5207] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. No types known. Originally as Hyperprosopon argenteus, but specific name should have been argenteum. Appeared first in newspaper as above; then in Gibbons 1854:105 [ref. 18929]. •Valid as Hyperprosopon argenteum Gibbons 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:31 [ref. 12250], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:230 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:153 [ref. 14674], Ruiz-Campos et al. 2000:73 [ref. 24940], Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:73 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:258 [ref. 35888], Longo et al. 2018:595 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:80 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Hyperprosopon argenteum Gibbons 1854. Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

argyrosoma, Embiotoca Girard [C. F.] 1856:136 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 8; ref. 1809] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: MCZ 1051 [ex USNM] (1). •Synonym of Rhacochilus vacca (Girard 1855) -- (Tarp 1952:56 [ref. 12250], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:664 [ref. 25968]). •Synonym of Phanerodon vacca (Girard 1855). Current status: Synonym of Phanerodon vacca (Girard 1855). Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

atripes, Ditrema Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:320 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 156); ref. 18352] Monterey Bay and Santa Cruz, California, U.S.A. (obtained in San Francisco market). Syntypes: (2 plus about 200) ANSP 9203 (1); MSNG 8317 [ex USNM] (1); MTD F 192 [ex USNM] (1); RMNH 11921 [ex USNM] (1); UF 115520 [ex USNM 26987 and Butler Univ.] (1); UMMZ 162045 [ex USNM] (1); USNM 26987 (orig. 80, now 7); ZMUB 336 [ex USNM 26987] (1); ZMB 11731 (1); ZMUC [ex USNM] (?). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:336 [ref. 10350], Böhlke 1984:100 [ref. 13621], Zarske 2003:30 [ref. 27474]. •Valid as Phanerodon atripes (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Tarp 1952:49 [ref. 12250], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:231 [ref. 9277], Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:260 [ref. 35888], Longo et al. 2018:595 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:80 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Phanerodon atripes (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

aurora, Abeona Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:299 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 151); ref. 10585] Monterey Bay, California, U.S.A. (obtained in San Francisco market). Syntypes: (15) ANSP 9272 (1); MCZ 26823 [ex USNM 27155] (1), 26907 [ex USNM 26966] (1); ?MNHN A-3300 [ex USNM] (1); MTD F 182 [ex USNM] (1); RMNH 11517 [ex USNM] (1); UF 113801(1); USNM 26996 (orig. 7016), ?27155 (Orig. 11); ZMB 11640 [ex USNM] (1); plus ?ZMUC and UMMZ 162171 (4) [ex USNM 26996]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:100 [ref. 13621], Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:14 [ref. 15502], Zarske 2003:29 [ref. 27474]. Original lots contained more than the 16 specimens menitoned, and it is impossible to determine which 16 specimens the authors examined. •Valid as Micrometrus aurora (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Tarp 1952:84 [ref. 12250], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:231 [ref. 9277], Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:260 [ref. 35888], Longo et al. 2018:595 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:80 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Micrometrus aurora (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

brevipinne, Ditrema Günther [A.] 1862:248 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] Esquimault Harbor, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1860.11.19.22 (skin). •Synonym of Micrometrus frenatus (Gill 1862) -- (Tarp 1952:87 [ref. 12250]). •Synonym of Brachyistius frenatus Gill 1862 -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:661 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Synonym of Brachyistius frenatus Gill 1862. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

caryi, Embiotoca Agassiz [L.] 1853:389 [11] [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 16 (no. 48); ref. 68] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: ?MNHN 0000-2662 (1) San Francisco; SMNS 1220 (1) ex MCZ in 1864. On p. 11 of separate. •Valid as Hypsurus caryi (Agassiz 1853) -- (Tarp 1952:47 [ref. 12250], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:230 [ref. 9277], Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:260 [ref. 35888]). •Valid as Embiotoca caryi Agassiz 1853 -- (Bernardi 2009:1054 [ref. 36017], Longo et al. 2018:592 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:79 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Embiotoca caryi Agassiz 1853. Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cassidyi, Embiotoca Girard [C. F.] 1854:151 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 5769] San Diego, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 544 (5, now 3). Also appeared in Girard 1858:171, Pls. 26 (fig. 12) and 29 [ref. 4911] and spelled cassidii. •Synonym of Embiotoca jacksoni Agassiz 1853 -- (Tarp 1952:60 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Embiotoca jacksoni Agassiz 1853. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

ellipticus, Cymatogaster Gibbons [W. P.] 1854:124 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1610] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. No types known. •Valid as Hyperprosopon ellipticum (Gibbons 1854) -- (Tarp 1952:34 [ref. 12250], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:230 [ref. 9277], Peden & Hughes 1986:6 [ref. 9714], McAllister 1990:153 [ref. 14674], Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:57 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:258 [ref. 35888], Longo et al. 2018:595 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:80 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Hyperprosopon ellipticum (Gibbons 1854). Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Mytilophagus Gibbons [W. P.] 1854:p. 1, col. 1 [Daily Placer Times and Transcript [newspaper] v. 5 (no. 1284); ref. 6064] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. No types known. appeared first as above; then in Gibbons 1854:125 [ref. 1610]. •Synonym of Amphistichus argenteus Agassiz 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:40 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Amphistichus argenteus Agassiz 1854. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

fluviatilis, Sargosomus Agassiz [A.] 1861:130 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 8 (1861-1862); ref. 11] Name only, in the synonymy of Hysterocarpus traskii Gibbons 1854; not available. •In the synonymy of Hysterocarpus traskii Gibbons 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:78 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Hysterocarpus traskii Gibbons 1854. Embiotocidae.

frenatus, Brachyistius Gill [T. N.] 1862:275 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14; ref. 1666] Coast of California, U.S.A. Syntypes: MCZ 1052 [ex USNM] (1), USNM. •Valid as Micrometrus frenatus (Gill 1862) -- (Tarp 1952:87 [ref. 12250]). •Valid as Brachyistius frenatus Gill 1862 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:227 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:153 [ref. 14674], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:661 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:56 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:256 [ref. 35888], Longo et al. 2018:592 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:79 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Brachyistius frenatus Gill 1862. Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fuliginosus, Holconotus Gibbons [W. P.] 1854:123 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1610] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Embiotoca jacksoni Agassiz 1853 -- (Tarp 1952:60 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Embiotoca jacksoni Agassiz 1853. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

furcatus, Phanerodon Girard [C. F.] 1854:153 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 5769] Presidio, San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 555 (1). •Valid as Phanerodon furcatus Girard 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:51 [ref. 12250], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:232 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:154 [ref. 14674], Nelson et al. 2004:154 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:57 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:260 [ref. 35888], Longo et al. 2018:595 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:80 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Phanerodon furcatus Girard 1854. Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

gibbonsii, Holconotus Gibbons [W. P.] 1854:122 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1610] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Hypsurus caryi (Agassiz 1853) -- (Tarp 1952:47 [ref. 12250]). •Synonym of Embiotoca caryi Agassiz 1853 Current status: Synonym of Embiotoca caryi Agassiz 1853. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Cymatogaster Tarp [F. H.] 1952:76, Fig. 28 [Fish Bulletin of the Division of Fish and Game of California No. 88; ref. 12250] Pelican Bay, Santa Cruz Island, 34°02'N, 119°42'W, California, U.S.A. Holotype: CAS-SU 16760. Paratypes: (10) CAS-SU 16761 (5), 16762 (orig. 5, now 3); ?USNM 162727 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:81 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Cymatogaster aggregata Gibbons 1854, but a valid subspecies -- (Lee et al. 1980:776 [ref. 22416]). •Synonym of Cymatogaster aggregata Gibbons 1854 -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:662 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Synonym of Cymatogaster aggregata Gibbons 1854. Embiotocidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

heermanni, Amphistichus Girard [C. F.] 1854:135 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1817] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Amphistichus rhodoterus (Agassiz 1854) -- (Tarp 1952:44 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Amphistichus rhodoterus (Agassiz 1854). Embiotocidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

jacksoni, Embiotoca Agassiz [L.] 1853:387 [9] [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 16 (no. 48); ref. 68] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: ?NMW 20040-43 (1, 1, 1, 1); SMNS 26018 [ex SMNS 1217] (1) from Agassiz in 1864. On p. 9 of separate. •Valid as Embiotoca jacksoni Agassiz 1853 -- (Tarp 1952:60 [ref. 12250], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:229 [ref. 9277], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:394 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:461 [ref. 34668] doubtful from Revillagigedo Archipelago (Mexico), Kells et al. 2016:258 [ref. 35888], Longo et al. 2018:594 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:79 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Embiotoca jacksoni Agassiz 1853. Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

jordani, Ditrema temmincki var. Franz [V.] 1910:51, Pl. 5 (fig. 29) [Abhandlungen der math.-phys. Klasse der K. Bayer Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 4 (Suppl.) (no. 1); ref. 1481] Misaki, Miura Peninsula, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Neotype: FAKU 88266. Syntypes: ZSM 271 (1), ZSM 30574 [ex ZPLMU 1757] (1). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:258 [ref. 31652]. As a new variety based on specimens from Misaki described by Jordan & Sindo 1902:359 [ref. 21273]. Neotype designated by Katafuchi & Nakabo 2007:357 [ref. 29355]; original types destroyed in WWII with the exceptions recently found and listed at ZSM; a lectotype should be selected from the ZSM specimens. •Synonym of Ditrema temminckii Bleeker 1853 -- (Tarp 1952:65 [ref. 12250] as temmincki). •Valid as Ditrema jordani Franz 1910 -- (Katafuchi & Nakabo 2007:354 [ref. 29355], Katafuchi et al. 2011:90 [ref. 31141]) Current status: Valid as Ditrema jordani Franz 1910. Embiotocidae. Distribution: Pacific coast of southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

koelzi, Crossochir Hubbs [C. L.] 1933:(3) 4, Pl. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 82 (no. 2962); ref. 2243] Santa Barbara, California, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 26901. Paratypes: FMNH 7618 (3), not FMNH 33727-29 (3); MCZ 33170 (1); SIO 64-282 (1); UMMZ 64225 (1), 95030 (1); USNM 26933 (3), 27074 (now 2), 47110 (1), 54726 (1), 92937 (1). Additional material: C AS-SU 2726 (5, missing), 5364 (1, missing); UF 115509 [ex Butler Univ.] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:29 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Amphistichus koelzi (Hubbs 1933) -- (Tarp 1952:42 [ref. 12250], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:227 [ref. 9277], Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:256 [ref. 35888], Longo et al. 2018:594 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:79 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Amphistichus koelzi (Hubbs 1933). Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

laeve, Ditrema Günther [A.] 1860:392 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Sea of Japan. Holotype: BMNH 1845.6.22.290 (stuffed). Based on Ditrema Temminck & Schlegel 1843:77 [ref. 4371] and one specimen. •Synonym of Ditrema temminckii Bleeker 1853 -- (Tarp 1952:65 [ref. 12250] as temmincki). •Synonym of Ditrema temminckii Bleeker 1853, subspecies temminckii Bleeker 1853 -- (Katafuchi & Nakabo 2007:360 [ref. 29355]). Current status: Synonym of Ditrema temminckii Bleeker 1853. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

lagunae, Hysterocarpus traskii Hopkirk [J. D.] 1974:89, Fig. 17 [University of California Publications in Zoology v. 96 (for 1973); ref. 2199] Lakeport, Clear Lake, Lake County, California, U.S.A. Holotype: CAS 23506. Paratypes: CAS 23507 (17). Additional material: CAS 7504 (1), 21203 (2), 22765 (16), 22799 (3), 22801-02 (1, 3), 22819 (190); Sonoma State Coll. 624 (6); CAS-SU 5006 (8), 54523 (23). Appeared first (and unavailable) in Hopkirk 1968:414 [ref. 2198] without distinguishing features. •Synonym of Hysterocarpus traskii Gibbons 1854, but status as a subspecies uncertain. •Synonym of Hysterocarpus traskii Gibbons 1854, but a valid subspecies -- (Moyle 2002:424 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2009:11 [ref. 30400], Page & Burr 2011:614 [ref. 31215]). Current status: Synonym of Hysterocarpus traskii Gibbons 1854. Embiotocidae. Distribution: Clear Lake, California [subspecies lagunae]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

larkinsii, Cymatogaster Gibbons [W. P.] 1854:123 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1610] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Amphistichus rhodoterus (Agassiz 1854) -- (Tarp 1952:44 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Amphistichus rhodoterus (Agassiz 1854). Embiotocidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lateralis, Embiotoca Agassiz [L.] 1854:366 [28] [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 17; ref. 70] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Possible syntypes: MNHN A-8845 (2), A-8846 (1), 2667 (2); SMNS 1218 (2) ex MCZ in 1864. On p. 28 of separate. •Valid as Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:62 [ref. 12250], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:229 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:153 [ref. 14674], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:663 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:57 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:258 [ref. 35888], Longo et al. 2018:595 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:80 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz 1854. Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

lineata, Embiotoca Girard [C. F.] 1854:134 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1817] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 9204-05 (2); USNM 533 (2), 534 (1), 536 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:100 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:62 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz 1854. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

lineolatus, Metrogaster Agassiz [A.] 1861:129 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 8 (1861-1862); ref. 11] Name only, in the synonymy of Micrometrus aggregatus (Gibbons 1854); not available. Embiotocidae.

lucens, Dacentrus Jordan [D. S.] 1878:667 [Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories. v. 4 (no. 3, art. 27); ref. 5860] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. [original Rio Grande, Texas]. Syntypes: USNM 31186 (3). Locality corrected in Jordan, Evermann & Clark 1930:412 [ref. 6476]. •Synonym of Hysterocarpus traskii Gibbons 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:78 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Hysterocarpus traskii Gibbons 1854. Embiotocidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

megalops, Holconotus Girard [C. F.] 1854:152 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 5769] Presidio, San Francisco, California, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Hyperprosopon argenteum Gibbons 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:32 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Hyperprosopon argenteum Gibbons 1854. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

mento, Bramopsis Agassiz [A.] 1861:133 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 8 (1861-1862); ref. 11] Name only in synonymy of Hyperprosopon argenteum Gibbons 1854, not available. •In the synonymy of Hyperprosopon argenteum Gibbons 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:32 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Hyperprosopon argenteum Gibbons 1854. Embiotocidae.

minimus, Cymatogaster Gibbons [W. P.] 1854:p. 2, col. 3 [Daily Placer Times and Transcript [newspaper] v. 5 (no. 1274); ref. 5207] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. No types known. Appeared first in newspaper as above; then in Gibbons 1854:106 [ref. 18929]. •Valid as Micrometrus minimus (Gibbons 1854) -- (Tarp 1952:82 [ref. 12250], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:231 [ref. 9277], Ruiz-Campos et al. 2000:73 [ref. 24940], Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:260 [ref. 35888], Longo et al. 2018:595 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:80 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Micrometrus minimus (Gibbons 1854). Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ornata, Embiotoca Girard [C. F.] 1855:320 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1820] San Diego, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 542 (9), ?542 (1). •Synonym of Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:62 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz 1854. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

orthonotus, Ditrema Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1889:127 [4] [West American Scientist v. 6 (no. 48); ref. 1251] Cortez Banks, off San Diego, California, U.S.A., depth 45 fathoms. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. On p. 4 of separate. •Synonym of Phanerodon atripes (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Tarp 1952:49 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Phanerodon atripes (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

pacificum, Ditrema temminckii Katafuchi [H.] & Nakabo [T.] 2007:358, Figs. 1D, E, 3, 6B [Ichthyological Research v. 54 (no. 4); ref. 29355] Misaki, Miura Peninsula, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 88202. Paratypes: 41 specimens at FAKU, NSMT and ZUMT, plus an embryo from FAKU 92797 is listed as a paratype on p. 359. Plus non-type specimens. •Synonym of Ditrema temminckii Bleeker 1853, but a valid subspecies pacificum Katafuchi & Nakabo 2007 as described -- (Katafuchi et al. 2011:90 [ref. 31141]). Current status: Synonym of Ditrema temminckii Bleeker 1853. Embiotocidae. Distribution: Pacific coast of Japan [this subspecies]. Habitat: marine.

perspicabilis, Embiotoca Girard [C. F.] 1855:320 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1820] Fort Steilacoom, Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 540. •Synonym of Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:62 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz 1854. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

pomo, Hysterocarpus traskii Hopkirk [J. D.] 1974:87, Fig. 16 [University of California Publications in Zoology v. 96 (for 1973); ref. 2199] Russian River near Ukiah, Mendocino County, California, U.S.A. Holotype: CAS 22783. Paratypes: CAS 22784 (7). Additional material: CAS 21011 (2), 21092-93 (1, 1), 22786 (28); CAS-SU 37744 (35). Appeared first (and unavailable) in Hopkirk 1968:414 [ref. 2198] without distinguishing features. •Synonym of Hysterocarpus traskii Gibbons 1854, but status as a subspecies uncertain. •Synonym of Hysterocarpus traskii Gibbons 1854, but a valid subspecies -- (Moyle 2002:424 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2009:11 [ref. 30400], Page & Burr 2011:614 [ref. 31215]). Current status: Synonym of Hysterocarpus traskii Gibbons 1854. Embiotocidae. Distribution: Russian River, California [subspecies pomo]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

pulchellus, Cymatogaster Gibbons [W. P.] 1854:123 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1610] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Amphistichus rhodoterus (Agassiz 1854) -- (Tarp 1952:44 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Amphistichus rhodoterus (Agassiz 1854). Embiotocidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

punctatum, Hyperprosopon argenteum var. Gibbons [W. P.] 1854:106 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 18929] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Hyperprosopon argenteum Gibbons 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:32 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Hyperprosopon argenteum Gibbons 1854. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

ransonnetii, Neoditrema Steindachner [F.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:32 [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 48 (1. Abth.); ref. 4247] Yokohama and Tokyo, Japan. Syntypes: NMW 37088-89 (1, 1), 82893 (1). Species not listed in earlier abstract [ref. 20490]. •Valid as Neoditrema ransonnetii Steindachner 1883 -- (Tarp 1952:68 [ref. 12250], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:190 [ref. 6441], Lee & Kim 1996:27 [ref. 25726] as ransonneti, Nakabo 2000:917 [ref. 25182] as ransonneti, Nakabo 2002:917 [ref. 26193] as ransonneti, Choi et al. 2003:363, 631 [ref. 26218] as ransonneti). Current status: Valid as Neoditrema ransonnetii Steindachner 1883. Embiotocidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

rhodoterus, Holconotus Agassiz [L.] 1854:368 [30] [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 17; ref. 70] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. No types known. On p. 30 of separate. •Valid as Amphistichus rhodoterus (Agassiz 1854) -- (Tarp 1952:44 [ref. 12250], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:227 [ref. 9277], Peden & Hughes 1986:6 [ref. 9714], McAllister 1990:153 [ref. 14674], Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:256 [ref. 35888], Longo et al. 2018:594 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:79 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Amphistichus rhodoterus (Agassiz 1854). Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

rosaceus, Cymatogaster Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:303 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 153); ref. 10582] San Francisco market, California, U.S.A. Syntypes or additional material: USNM 27170 (orig. 4, now 3) Pt. Reyes. Description based on one specimen (not found), with mention of "A few others have since been taken from sweep nets in deep water." •Valid as Zalembius rosaceus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Tarp 1952:70 [ref. 12250], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:232 [ref. 9277], Allen & Robertson 1994:184 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:127 [ref. 24545], Nelson et al. 2004:154 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:262 [ref. 35888], Longo et al. 2018:595 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:81 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Zalembius rosaceus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

signifer, Sema Jordan [D. S.] 1878:399 [Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories. v. 4 (no. 2, art. 17); ref. 2378] Rio Grande at Brownsville, Texas, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 21988. •Synonym of Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:74, footnote [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz 1854. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

similis, Amphistichus Girard [C. F.] 1854:135 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1817] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Possible holotype or syntypes: USNM 557 (1), 560 (1). •Synonym of Amphistichus argenteus Agassiz 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:40 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Amphistichus argenteus Agassiz 1854. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

smitti, Ditrema Nyström [E.] 1887:32 [Bihang till Kongl. Svenska vetenskaps-akademiens handlingar. Stockholm v. 13 (pt 4) No. 4; ref. 14475] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMUU 273. Type catalog: Wallin 1996:61 [ref. 32133]. •Synonym of Ditrema temminckii Bleeker 1853 -- (Tarp 1952:65 [ref. 12250] as temmincki). •Synonym of Ditrema temminckii Bleeker 1853, subspecies temminckii Bleeker 1853 -- (Katafuchi & Nakabo 2007:360 [ref. 29355]). Current status: Synonym of Ditrema temminckii Bleeker 1853. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

temminckii, Ditrema Bleeker [P.] 1853:33 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 25 (art. 7); ref. 340] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6680. Original spelling was temminckii and that spelling should be used. •Valid as Ditrema temminckii, subspecies temminckii Bleeker 1853 -- (Katafuchi & Nakabo 2007:357, 360 [ref. 29355], Katafuchi et al. 2011:90 [ref. 31141], Sonoyama et al. 2020:80 [ref. 37637]). •Valid as Ditrema temminckii Bleeker 1853 -- (Tarp 1952:65 [ref. 12250] as temmincki, Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:190 [ref. 6441], Lee & Kim 1996:26 [ref. 25726], Cheng & Zhou 1997:321 [ref. 26385] as temmincki, Mizuno et al. 1999:10 [ref. 25311], Nakabo 2000:917 [ref. 25182] as temmincki, Shimizu 2001:33 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:917 [ref. 26193] as temmincki, Choi et al. 2003:363, 631 [ref. 26218] as temmincki, Jang et al. 2003:120 [ref. 27681] as temmincki, Parin 2003:S17 [ref. 28536], Parin et al. 2014:377 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Ditrema temminckii Bleeker 1853. Embiotocidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: China to Korea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

toxotes, Rhacochilus Agassiz [L.] 1854:367 [29] [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 2) v. 17; ref. 70] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: SMNS 1225 (2) ex MCZ in 1864. On p. 29 of separate. •Valid as Rhacochilus toxotes Agassiz 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:54 [ref. 12250], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:232 [ref. 9277], Nelson et al. 2004:154 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:262 [ref. 35888], Longo et al. 2018:594 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:81 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Rhacochilus toxotes Agassiz 1854. Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

traskii, Hysterocarpus Gibbons [W. P.] 1854:p. 2, col. 3 [Daily Placer Times and Transcript [newspaper] v. 5 (no. 1274); ref. 5207] San Francisco Bay or Sacramento River, California, U.S.A. No types known. Appeared first in newspaper as above; then in Gibbons 1854:105 [ref. 18929]. •Valid as Hysterocarpus traskii Gibbons 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:78 [ref. 12250], Lee et al. 1980:776 [ref. 22416], Page & Burr 1991:336 [ref. 18983] as traski, Fuller et al. 1999:455 [ref. 25838], Moyle 2002:424 [ref. 26449] as traski, Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2009:10 [ref. 30400] subspecies traskii, Page & Burr 2011:614 [ref. 31215] with 3 subspecies, Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Longo et al. 2018:594 [ref. 36149]). Current status: Valid as Hysterocarpus traskii Gibbons 1854. Embiotocidae. Distribution: California, U.S.A.[subspecies traskii, excluding Clear Lake and Russian River]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

trowbridgii, Holconotus Girard [C. F.] 1854:152 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 5769] Pacific coast of the U.S.A. As Holoconotus trowbridgei in Jordan, Evermann & Clark 1930:409 [ref. 6476]. •Synonym of Micrometrus minimus (Gibbons 1854) -- (Tarp 1952:82 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Micrometrus minimus (Gibbons 1854). Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

vacca, Damalichthys Girard [C. F.] 1855:320 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1820] Fort Steilacoom, Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 548 (1). •Valid as Rhacochilus vacca (Girard 1855) -- (Tarp 1952:56 [ref. 12250], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:664 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:154 [ref. 27807], Kells et al. 2016:262 [ref. 35888]). •Valid as Damalichthys vacca Girard 1855 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:228 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:154 [ref. 14674], Page et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:56 [ref. 34694]). •Valid as Phanerodon vacca (Girard 1855) -- (Longo et al. 2018:592 [ref. 36149], Burton & Lea 2019:80 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Phanerodon vacca (Girard 1855). Embiotocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

variegatus, Pachylabrus Gibbons [W. P.] 1854:1, column 1 [Daily Placer Times and Transcript [newspaper] v. 5 (no. 1303); ref. 6065] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. No types known. Appeared in Newspaper, published 21 June 1854. Also appeared in Gibbons 1854 (Oct.):126 [ref. 1610]. •Synonym of Rhacochilus toxotes Agassiz 1854 -- (Tarp 1952:54 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Rhacochilus toxotes Agassiz 1854. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.

viridis, Ditrema Oshima [M.] 1940:608 [ ref. 29356] Miura Peninsula, Misaki, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Neotype: FAKU 88227. Appeared first in 1940 according to Katafuchi & Nakabo 2007:360 [ref. 29355] with original locality as Aburatsubo, Misaki, Kanagawa Prov., Japan; later in Oshima 1955 [ref. 12467]. Oshima specimens at Yokohama National University were discarded in the 1980s (see Katafuchi & Nakabo 2007:364 [ref. 29355]). •Valid as Ditrema viridis Oshima 1955 -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:190 [ref. 6441], Lee & Kim 1996:27 [ref. 25726], Choi et al. 2003:363, 631 [ref. 26218]). •Valid as Ditrema viride Oshima 1955 -- (Nakabo 2000:917 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:917 [ref. 26193]). •Valid as Ditrema viride Oshima 1940 -- (Katafuchi & Nakabo 2007:361 [ref. 29355], Katafuchi et al. 2011:90 [ref. 31141]). Current status: Valid as Ditrema viride Oshima 1940. Embiotocidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan, Korean Peninsula and Yellow Sea. Habitat: marine.

webbi, Embiotoca Girard [C. F.] 1855:320 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1820] San Diego, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 545 (1). •Synonym of Embiotoca jacksoni Agassiz 1853 -- (Tarp 1952:60 [ref. 12250]). Current status: Synonym of Embiotoca jacksoni Agassiz 1853. Embiotocidae. Habitat: marine.