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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Ephippidae: [ 50 ] records


albicans, Chaetodon Mocigno [J. M.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:122 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Not available, name mentioned in passing in text; from Mexico. Modern spelling of author's name is Mociño. Ephippidae.

albicauda, Chaetodon Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:73 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] India/ Ambon. No types known. Based in part on Chaetodon quadratus nigrescens; pinnis dorsi ac ani in medio longum productis (Seba Thes tom 3, p. 67; pl. 25, fig. 15), which was identified by Cuvier as Chaetodon vespertilio Bloch. •Synonym of Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kottelat 2013:437 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775). Ephippidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

albipunctatus, Platax Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1829:69, Pl. 18 (fig. 4) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1472. Paralectotypes: SMF 5350-51 (1, 1). Lectotype established by Dor 1984:168 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •Synonym of Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:168 [ref. 29757], Kishimoto et al. 1988:26 [ref. 13446], Kottelat 2013:437 [ref. 32989], Golani & Fricke 2018:107 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775). Ephippidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

anagon, Platax Montrouzier [X.] 1857:447 [169], 437 [170] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] On p. 169-170 in reprint. Not available, manuscript name mentioned in passing under two species -- one renamed by Thiollière and 1 realocated to an existing species; from Woodlark I., South Pacific. Ephippidae.

arthriticus, Chaetodon Bell [W.] 1793:7, Pls. 5-6 [Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London v. 83; ref. 16104] Sumatra, Indonesia. No types known. Name does not appear on stated page in that work (P. Parenti. pers. comm. 10/17/03). •Synonym of Platax teira (Forsskål 1775) -- (Fricke et al. 2018:347 [ref. 35805]). •Synonym of Platax teira (Fabricius 1775). Current status: Synonym of Platax teira (Fabricius 1775). Ephippidae. Habitat: marine.

batavianus, Platax Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:225 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-0184. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:157 [ref. 20718]. Platax batavianus Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:225 [ref. 4881] and Platax bataviensis Sauvage 1891:278 [ref. 14503] are unjustified emendations or incorrect subsequent spellings. •Valid as Platax batavianus Cuvier 1831 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:144 [ref. 19754], Allen & Swainston 1988:94 [ref. 25477], Klausewitz & Condé 1989 [ref. 13860], Randall et al. 1990:216 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:146 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:362 [ref. 23967], Kuiter 1997:236 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:216 [ref. 25919], Heemstra in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Heemstra 2001:3615 [ref. 26298], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:198 [ref. 26232], Allen & Adrim 2003:61 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1719 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1003 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:210 [ref. 32988], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2015:82 [ref. 34319], Motomura et al. 2017:201 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Platax batavianus Cuvier 1831. Ephippidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Australia. Habitat: marine.

blochii, Platax Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:222 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean; Puducherry, India; New Guinea. Syntypes: MNHN A-0769 (1, dry) New Guinea, A-7758 (1, dry) Puducherry. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:157-158 [ref. 20718]. Treated as an unnecessary replacement name by Kottelat (2013). •Synonym of Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775) -- (Fricke 1999:528 [ref. 24106], Kottelat 2013:437 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775). Ephippidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

boersii, Platax Bleeker [P.] 1853:758 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 335] Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Platax boersii Bleeker 1853 -- (Kishimoto et al. 1988:28 [ref. 13446], Randall et al. 1993:230 [ref. 21003], Myers 1999:265 [ref. 23965], Heemstra in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1313 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:122 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:102 [ref. 26368], Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:269 as boersi [ref. 27511], Heemstra 2001:3616 [ref. 26298], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:192 [ref. 26232], Nakabo 2002:1313 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:412, 668 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:61 [ref. 26830], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:196 [ref. 27510], Mundy 2005:484 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:413 [ref. 30952], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1003 [ref. 31980], Koeda et al. 2016:97 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:346 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:107 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:296 [ref. 36673], Nakae in Motomura et al. 2021:75 [ref. 38121]). Current status: Valid as Platax boersii Bleeker 1853. Ephippidae. Distribution: Southern Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Palau, north to southern Japan, south to New Guinea; waifs reaching Hawaiian Islands(U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

daakar, Chetodon Bonnaterre [J. P.] 1788:81, Pl. 95 (fig. 389) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea. No types known. Based on Chaetodon teira with vernacular name 'Daakar' of Forsskål 1775:xiii, 60 [ref. 1351]; unneeded replacement name (Fricke 2008:54 [ref. 30182]). Genus should have been Chaetodon. •Synonym of Platax teira (Forsskål 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:54 [ref. 30182]). •Synonym of Platax teira (Fabricius 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:54 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Platax teira (Fabricius 1775). Ephippidae. Habitat: marine.

eapi, Platax Lesson [R. P.] 1831:172 [Voyage autour du monde Zool. v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 2776] Venus Point, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:158 [ref. 20718]. Ephippidae.

ecanbonna, Chaetodon Suckow [G. A.] 1799:374 [Naturgeschichte der Thiere v. 4, pt. 1; ref. 18858] Possibly available but cited "Will, Bell. Philos. Transact. 1793." New name for "Chaetodon arthriticus" Bell; perhaps the first available name for this species for which Bell did not provide a name. •Synonym of Platax teira (Forsskål 1775) -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm., 10/17/03). •Synonym of Platax teira (Fabricius 1775). Current status: Synonym of Platax teira (Forsskål 1775). Ephippidae. Habitat: marine.

ehrenbergii, Platax Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:221 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea; Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea; Malacca, Malaysia, eastern Indian Ocean; Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN A-0175 (1) Massawa [Bauchot's holotype], A-0176 (1) Mauritius, A-0186 (1) no locality, A-3835 (1) Red Sea. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:158-159 [ref. 20718] as holotype and paratypes, Bauchot & Daget 1996:243 [ref. 22899]. •Synonym of Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:168 [ref. 29757], Kishimoto et al. 1988:26 [ref. 13446], Fricke 1999:528 [ref. 24106], Kottelat 2013:437 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775). Ephippidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

expansus, Platax Thiollière [V. J. de l'I.] in Montrouzier 1857:447 [169 of reprint] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 169 of reprint. Ephippidae. Habitat: marine.

faber, Chaetodon Broussonet [P. M. A.] 1782:[27], Pl. [6] [Ichthyologia, sistens piscium descriptiones et icones. Decas I.; ref. 17287] Jamaica. Mus. Banks (apparently lost). On unnumbered p. 27 and unnumbered Pl. 6. •Valid as Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet 1782) -- (Lee et al. 1980:762 [ref. 22416], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:385 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:192 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:148 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:317 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:327 [ref. 24474], Murdy et al. 1997:208 [ref. 23144], González Bencomo et al. 1997:158 [ref. 24960], Aguilera 1998:51 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:456 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:320 [ref. 25013], Keith et al. 2000:230 [ref. 24547], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:168 [ref. 27754], Thomson et al. 2000:143 [ref. 25640], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639], Rocha & Rosa 2001:992 [ref. 25909], Burgess 2003:1799 [ref. 27101], Collette et al. 2003:111 [ref. 26784], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:100 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:66 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:174 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:736 [ref. 28815], García-Hernández et al. 2009:94 [ref. 37265], Page et al. 2013:179 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:81 [ref. 33341], Marceniuk et al. 2017:42 [ref. 35324], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:436 [ref. 35886], Spier et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:6 [ref. 36717], Robertson et al. 2020:154 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet 1782). Ephippidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fasciatus, Seserinus Plumier [C.] in Bloch 1787:107 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] Not available; manuscript name mentioned in the synonymy of Chaetodon faber Broussonet 1782. Ephippidae.

fuscus, Platax Bleeker [P.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) 1877:166 [Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen (Amsterdam) v. 17 (art. 2); ref. 17112] Also in Bleeker 1878:76 [ref. 6835]. Not available, Kulh and van Hasselt name mentioned in passing in the synonymy of Platax batavianus Cuvier 1831. Ephippidae.

gaimardi, Platax Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:216 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] New Guinea. Syntypes: MNHN A-0177 (1) New Guinea, A-0193 (1) no locality [Bauchot's holotype]. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:159 [ref. 20718] as holotype and paratype. Also appeared in Griffith & Smith 1834:Pl. 55 (opp. p. 176) [ref. 1908]. Ephippidae.

gampret, Platax Bleeker [P.] 1850:29 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 9); ref. 16904] Jakarta, Sumanap, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Also in Bleeker 1850:105 [ref. 16888]. •Synonym of Platax pinnatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kishimoto et al. 1988:23 [ref. 13446]). Current status: Synonym of Platax pinnatus (Linnaeus 1758). Ephippidae. Habitat: marine.

gigas, Ephippus Cuvier [G.] 1829:191 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] America. Syntypes: MNHN A-0411 (1), A-0761 (1, dry), A-7807 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:156-157 [ref. 20718]. Appeared as Chaetodon gigas in Cuvier 1831:121 [ref. 4881]. •Synonym of Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet 1782). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet 1782). Ephippidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

goreensis, Ephippus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:125, Pl. 178 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Gorée, Senegal. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-0412. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:157 [ref. 20718]. •Valid as Ephippus goreensis Cuvier 1831 -- (Desoutter 1990:834 [ref. 18967], Afonso et al. 1999:79 [ref. 25466], Wirtz et al. 2007:40 [ref. 30263], Wirtz et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32972], Heemstra in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2850 [ref. 34618], Reiner 2019:267 [ref. 38139]). Current status: Valid as Ephippus goreensis Cuvier 1831. Ephippidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: including São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: brackish, marine.

guttulatus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] 1829:193 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] No locality. Available from footnote as, "Ch. guttulatus, N., Ren., II, xxiv, 129." As Platax guttulatus in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:227, pl. 186 [ref. 4881]. •Synonym of Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kottelat 2013:437 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775). Ephippidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

guttulatus, Platax Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:226, Pl. 186 (part) [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-0185. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:159 [ref. 20718]. If considered an independent description, secondarily preoccupied in Platax by Chaetodon guttulatus Cuvier 1829 and subjectively invalid. •Synonym of Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:168 [ref. 29757], Kishimoto et al. 1988:26 [ref. 13446], Fricke 1999:528 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775). Ephippidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

japonicus, Platax vespertilio Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:83, Pl. 43 [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D964 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH D962-963 (2, stuffed). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:84 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Platax teira (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kishimoto et al. 1988:30 [ref. 13446]). •Synonym of Platax teira (Fabricius 1775). Current status: Synonym of Platax teira (Fabricius 1775). Ephippidae. Habitat: marine.

leschenalti, Platax Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:223 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] New Guinea. Lectotype: MNHN A-0188. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-0767 (1) Puducherry. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:160 [ref. 20718] as leschenaldi. Spelled Leschenaldi in main account and Leschenalti in index (p. xviii) and "Le Platax de Leschenault" as common name; Leschenalti regarded as a typesetting error; usually as Leschenaulti in other Cuvier or Valenciennes names. Lectotype selected by Bauchot 1963:160 [ref. 20718]. •Synonym of Platax teira (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kishimoto et al. 1988:30 [ref. 13446]). •Synonym of Platax teira (Fabricius 1775). Current status: Synonym of Platax teira (Fabricius 1775). Ephippidae. Habitat: marine.

lippei, Chaetodipterus Steindachner [F.] 1895:180 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 32 (no. 18) (for 11 July 1895); ref. 14587] Freetown, Liberia. Syntypes: NMW 52020 (1), ?72022 (1). •Valid as Chaetodipterus lippei Steindachner 1895 -- (Desoutter 1986:340 [ref. 6212], Desoutter 1990:834 [ref. 18967], Poll & Gosse 1995:115 [ref. 24781], Wirtz et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32972], Heemstra in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2849 [ref. 34618], Reiner 2019:267 [ref. 38139]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodipterus lippei Steindachner 1895. Ephippidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: including São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: brackish, marine.

marginatus, Platax Bleeker [P.] (ex van Hasselt) 1877:164 [Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen (Amsterdam) v. 17 (art. 2); ref. 17112] Also in Bleeker 1878:76 [ref. 6835]. Not available, van Hasselt name mentioned in the synonymy of Platax pinnatus (Linnaeus 1758). Ephippidae.

melanopus, Ephippus Bleeker [P.] 1845:520 [Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neȇrlandsch Indië v. 2 (3); ref. 312] Not available, no distinguishing features; from Jakarta [Batavia], Java. Ephippidae.

melanosoma, Platax Bleeker [P.] 1860:10 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 8 (art. 5); ref. 378] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Platax pinnatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kishimoto et al. 1988:23 [ref. 13446]). Current status: Synonym of Platax pinnatus (Linnaeus 1758). Ephippidae. Habitat: marine.

novemaculeatus, Platax McCulloch [A. R.] 1916:188, Pl. 55 (fig. 1) [Biological Results Endeavour v. 4 (pt 4); ref. 4934] 4 to 22 miles northeast of Gloucester Head, Queensland, Australia, depth 19-35 fathoms. Holotype: AMS E.2766. Paratypes: (22) AMS I.13863-68 (1 ea.), ?E.2743 (?), E.2539-41 (1, 6, 1), E.2635 (1), E.2766 (1). •Valid as Zabidius novemaculeatus (McCulloch 1916) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:94 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:219 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:146 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:362 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:219 [ref. 25919], Heemstra 2001:3622 [ref. 26298], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:200 [ref. 26232] as novaemaculeatus, Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1720 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1006 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:211 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Zabidius novemaculeatus (McCulloch 1916). Ephippidae. Distribution: Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

orbicularis, Chaetodon Forsskål [P. S.] in Niebuhr 1775:59, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P5168 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:68 [ref. 9588]. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:53 [ref. 30182]. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 30 [ref. 20847]. •Valid as Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:168 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:181 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:605 [ref. 5712], Kishimoto et al. 1988:26 [ref. 13446], Allen & Swainston 1988:94 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:42 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:218 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:46 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:382 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:393 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:146 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:217 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:113 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:236 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:218 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:265 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:528 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:93 [ref. 37268], Heemstra in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1312 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:291 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:267 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:122 [ref. 25868], Heemstra 2001:3617 [ref. 26298], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:194 [ref. 26232], Nakabo 2002:1312 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:646 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:29 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:251 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:569 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1719 [ref. 29090], Fricke 2008:53 [ref. 30182], Fricke et al. 2009:105 [ref. 30213], Kimura in Matsuura & Kimura 2009:295 [ref. 31170], Motomura et al. 2010:224 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1004 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:210 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:437 [ref. 32989], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:429 [ref. 33460], Fricke et al. 2014:179 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:304 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:98 [ref. 35333], Ali et al. 2018:338 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:346 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:107 [ref. 36273], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:202 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:295 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:56 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:296 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:97 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:552 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775). Ephippidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar, western Mascarenes and Persian Gulf east to Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and Tonga; introduced into Western Atlantic waters off Florida, U.S.A. Habitat: brackish, marine.

orbis, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] 1787:81, Pl. 202 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Lectotype: ZMB 8166 (right skin). Paralectotypes: ZMB 8167 (1, left skin), 8569 (1, dry, lost). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:78 [ref. 24282]. On p. 59 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 6 [ref. 21381]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:78 [ref. 24282]. •Valid as Ephippus orbis (Bloch 1787) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:145 [ref. 19754], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:181 [ref. 6441], Randall 1995:381 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:217 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:112 [ref. 26476] dated 1788, Chatterjee & Mitra 1999:229 [ref. 24755], Heemstra in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1311 [ref. 25182], Heemstra 2001:3614 [ref. 26298], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:203 [ref. 26232], Nakabo 2002:1311 [ref. 26193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377], Matsuura in Matsuura & Kimura 2009:294 [ref. 31170], Kottelat 2013:437 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:195 [ref. 34464], Matsuura in Kimura et al. 2015:81 [ref. 34319], Ali et al. 2018:338 [ref. 36183], Suresh et al. 2018:293 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:55 [ref. 37020], Psomadakis et al. 2020:552 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Ephippus orbis (Bloch 1787). Ephippidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman east to Philippines, north to Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

orbis, Tripterodon Playfair [R. L.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:42, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.3.9.133 (skin in spirit). •Valid as Tripterodon orbis Playfair 1867 -- (Dor 1984:169 [ref. 29757], Smith 1986:606 [ref. 5712], Goren & Dor 1994:46 [ref. 25356], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:203 [ref. 26232] dated 1866, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:253 [ref. 28072], Psomadakis et al. 2015:304 [ref. 34104], Fricke et al. 2018:347 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:107 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Tripterodon orbis Playfair 1867. Ephippidae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa and Madagascar east to Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

oviformis, Chaetodon Mitchill [S. L.] 1818:247 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 2 (no. 4) (art. 1); ref. 17774] Long Island, New York, U.S.A., Atlantic. No types known. •Synonym of Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet 1782). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet 1782). Ephippidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

panamensis, Psettus (Parapsettus) Steindachner [F.] 1875:79 [51], Pl. 7 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 72 (1. Abth.); ref. 4223] (Pacific) Panama. Syntypes: (several) MCZ 17281 (1), NMW 78789 (1). On p. 51 of separate. •Valid as Parapsettus panamensis (Steindachner 1875) (sometimes dated to 1876) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:178 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:136 [ref. 23101], Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1090 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:340 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:453 [ref. 24550], Thomson et al. 2000:143 [ref. 25640], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:202 [ref. 26232] dated 1875, Nelson et al. 2004:174 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:179 [ref. 32708], González-Murcia et al. 2019:307 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Parapsettus panamensis (Steindachner 1875). Ephippidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pentacanthus, Chaetodon Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:454, 473, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Indo-Pacific. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:133, 160 [ref. 20718]. Based on Commerson manuscript. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:529 [ref. 24106] is invalid [SMNH 10727]; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Synonym of Platax teira (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kishimoto et al. 1988:29 [ref. 13446]). •Synonym of Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:168 [ref. 29757], Fricke 1999:528 [ref. 24106], Kottelat 2013:437 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775). Ephippidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pentanemus, Rhinoprenes Munro [I. S. R.] 1964:179, Fig. 19 [Papua New Guinea Agricultural Journal v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 3058] Off Port Romilly, Kerema Bay, Gulf of Papua, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: CSIRO A 1826. Paratypes: CSIRO A 1825 (1), A 1834-35 (1, 1), A 3077-78 (1, 1). •Valid as Rhinoprenes pentanemus Munro 1964 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:94 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:146 [ref. 23977], Heemstra 2001:3621 [ref. 26298], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:196 [ref. 27510], Allen et al. 2006:1720 [ref. 29090], Larson et al. 2013:211 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Rhinoprenes pentanemus Munro 1964. Ephippidae. Distribution: Australia and southern New Guinea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pinnatus, Chaetodon Linnaeus [C.] 1758:272 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Indies. Probably a syntype: NRM 57 (1) Indian Ocean. Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:248-249 [ref. 20707]. Also appeared in Linnaeus 1759:249 [ref. 24770]. •Valid as Platax pinnatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Dor 1984:168 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:181 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:605 [ref. 5712], Kishimoto et al. 1988:23 [ref. 13446], Allen & Swainston 1988:94 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:218 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:46 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:382 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:394 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:146 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:113 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:238 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:218 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:265 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:529 [ref. 24106], Heemstra in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1312 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:122 [ref. 25868], Heemstra 2001:3618 [ref. 26298], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:196 [ref. 26232], Nakabo 2002:1312 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:412, 668 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:253 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:569 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1719 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:105 [ref. 30213], Kimura in Matsuura & Kimura 2009:295 [ref. 31170], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1004 [ref. 31980], Motomura et al. 2017:201 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:347 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:296 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Platax pinnatus (Linnaeus 1758). Ephippidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Aldabra, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Solomon Islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. [Red Sea and Western Indian Ocean records are doubtful]. Habitat: marine.

plumieri, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] 1787:104, Pl. 211 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] West Indies. On p. 77 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 6 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet 1782). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet 1782). Ephippidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

punctulatus, Platax Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:228, Pl. 186 (part) [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago. Syntypes: MNHN A-0187 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:160161 [ref. 20718]. •Synonym of Platax teira (Fabricius 1775). Current status: Synonym of Platax teira (Fabricius 1775). Ephippidae. Habitat: marine.

quadrangularis, Selene Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:561, 564 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Jamaica. No types known. Type catalog: Smith-Vaniz et al. 1979:41 [ref. 12247]. Based on a drawing. •Synonym of Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet 1782). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet 1782). Ephippidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

quadratus, Zeus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1225 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Jamaica. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Zeus quadratus Bonnaterre 1788; based on same source. •In the synonymy of Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet 1782). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet 1782). Ephippidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

quadratus, Zeus Bonnaterre [J. P.] 1788:72 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Jamaica. No types known. Based on 'Faber marinus fere quadratus - a pilot fish' of Sloane in Ray 1713:160 [ref. 30231], and Sloane 1725:290, Pl. 251, fig. 4 [ref. 30230]. •Synonym of Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet 1782). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet 1782). Ephippidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

raynaldi, Platax Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:219 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] West coast of Sri Lanka; Puducherry, India; Malacea. Syntypes: MNHN A-0182 (1) Sri Lanka, A-7757 (1, dry) Puducherry. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:161 [ref. 20718] as holotype and paratype. •Synonym of Platax teira (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kishimoto et al. 1988:30 [ref. 13446]). •Synonym of Platax teira (Fabricius 1775). Current status: Synonym of Platax teira (Fabricius 1775). Ephippidae. Habitat: marine.

sarissophorus, Crenidens Cantor [T. E.] 1849:1034 [52], Pl. 1 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 715] Sea of Penang, Malaysia; Malay Peninsula. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1860.3.19.455 (left half skin). On p. 52 of separate. •Valid as Proteracanthus sarissophorus (Cantor 1849) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:121 [ref. 23448], Heemstra in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Heemstra 2001:3620 [ref. 26298] dated 1850, Kottelat 2013:438 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Proteracanthus sarissophorus (Cantor 1849). Ephippidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

setosus, Chaetodon Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:75 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] "American Ocean". No types known. •Synonym of Platax pinnatus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Platax pinnatus (Linnaeus 1758). Ephippidae. Habitat: marine.

spixii, Ephippus Swainson [W.] 1839:213 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] No types known. Based on Spix, Pl. 61 -- which is Spix & Agassiz 1831:Pl. 61 [ref. 13]. Ephippidae.

teira, Chaetodon Fabricius [J. C.] (ex Forsskål) in Niebuhr 1775:60, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] [Lohajæ] Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea. Holotype: ZMUC 82. Type catalog: Fricke 2008:53 [ref. 30182]. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:53 [ref. 30182]. Misspelled tiera in literature. •Valid as Platax teira (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:168 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:181 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:606 [ref. 5712], Kishimoto et al. 1988:29 [ref. 13446], Allen & Swainston 1988:94 [ref. 25477] as tiera, Randall et al. 1990:219 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:251 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:162 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:46 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:382 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:394 [ref. 27969] as tiera, Allen 1997:146 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:362 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:217 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:113 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:236 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:219 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:265 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:529 [ref. 24106], Francis et al. 1999:575 [ref. 24249], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:93 [ref. 37268], Heemstra in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1313 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:291 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:268 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:122 [ref. 25868], Heemstra 2001:3619 [ref. 26298], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:188 [ref. 26232], Nakabo 2002:1313 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:412, 668 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:646 [ref. 27495], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:252 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:570 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:484 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1719 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2007:108 [ref. 29533], Fricke et al. 2009:105 [ref. 30213], Kimura in Matsuura & Kimura 2009:295 [ref. 31170], Motomura et al. 2010:224 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1005 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:211 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:196 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:179 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:304 [ref. 34104], Trnski 2015:1586 [ref. 34198], Motomura et al. 2017:201 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:338 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[21] 259 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:347 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:107 [ref. 36273], Jawad et al. 2018:121 [ref. 36262], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:202 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:56 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:296 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626], Zajonz et al. 2019:98 [ref. 36871], Chakraborty et al. 2020:8 [ref. 37356], Psomadakis et al. 2020:553 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:109 [ref. 37637]). •Valid as Platax teira (Fabricius 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:53 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Valid as Platax teira (Fabricius 1775). Ephippidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Madagascar, western Mascarenes and Persian Gulf east to Northern Marianas, New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), Solomon Islands and Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia), north to central Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Cape Naturaliste (Western Australia), Bermagui (New South Wales, Australia), Norfolk Island, New Zealand (vagrant); Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

vespertilio, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] 1787:67, Pl. 199 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] East Indies. Syntypes: ZMB 8573 (1, dry, lost). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:79 [ref. 24282]. On p. 49 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 6 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:168 [ref. 29757], Randall 1995:382 [ref. 22896], Fricke et al. 2018:346 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:107 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775). Ephippidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

xanthopus, Platax Bleeker [P.] 1850:28 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 9); ref. 16904] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Also appeared in Bleeker 1850:105 [ref. 16888]. •Synonym of Platax teira (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kishimoto et al. 1988:30 [ref. 13446]). •Synonym of Platax teira (Fabricius 1775). Current status: Synonym of Platax teira (Fabricius 1775). Ephippidae. Habitat: marine.

zonatus, Ephippus Girard [C. F.] 1858:110 [General report upon zoology of the several Pacific railroad routes, 1857; ref. 4911] Off San Diego, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 690 (now 1). •Valid as Chaetodipterus zonatus (Girard 1858) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:224 [ref. 9277], Allen & Robertson 1994:178 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:136 [ref. 23101], Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1090 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:136 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:563 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:339 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:456 [ref. 24550], Thomson et al. 2000:143 [ref. 25640], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:202 [ref. 26232], Nelson et al. 2004:174 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:179 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:150 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:450 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:310 [ref. 35888], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:92 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:307 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodipterus zonatus (Girard 1858). Ephippidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.