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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Gobiesocidae: [ 290 ] records


absitus, Tomicodon Briggs [J. C.] 1955:65, Fig. 91 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Socorro Island, Revillagigedo Islands, off western Mexico. Holotype: CAS 2138. Paratypes: CAS 1567 (1), 1569 (1), 1655 (1), 1885 (1), 2132 (1), 2139-40 (1, 1); CAS-SU 17809 [ex CAS 1568 and 1884] (2). •Valid as Tomicodon absitus Briggs 1955 -- (Szelistowski 1990:504 [ref. 20183], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon absitus Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

abuelorum, Tomicodon Szelistowski [W. A.] 1990:500, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1990 (no. 2); ref. 20183] Estero Punta Morales, eastern shore of Gulf of Nicoya, Costa Rica, eastern Pacific. Holotype: LACM 44668-1. Paratypes: BMNH 1989.2.20.2-3 (1 or 2); LACM 44669-1 (1), 44670-1 (3), 44671-1 (13); MCZ 89867 (1); SIO 89-70 (2); UCR 2096-99 (14, 1, 2, 1); USNM 302123-24 (2, 1). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:385 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Tomicodon abuelorum Szelistowski 1990 -- (Briggs 2001:646 [ref. 25451]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon abuelorum Szelistowski 1990. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

acutus, Lepadogaster Canestrini [G.] 1864:187 [Archivio per la Zoologia, l'Anatomia e la Fisiologia v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 714] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:34 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222], Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1357 [ref. 13677], Hofrichter 1995:112 [ref. 30502]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

adhaerens, Lepadogaster Bonaparte [C. L.] 1846:65 [Atti della Settima Adunanza degli Scienziati Italiani Sesta Riunione, Milano 7a Adunanza, Napoli, Part 2; ref. 519] Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Not an original description but a misidentification and incorrect spelling of Piecephalus adherens Rafinesque 1810. •Synonym of Lepadogaster candollei [sic] Risso 1810 -- (Briggs 1955:38 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:655 [ref. 7222], Briggs 1990:477 [ref. 15498], Hofrichter 1995:125 [ref. 30502] as candollei). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae.

adherens, Piescephalus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:63 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:41 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:34 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222], Hofrichter 1995:112 [ref. 30502], Henriques et al. 2002:338 [ref. 26172]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

adriatica, Lepadogaster Hankó [B.] 1920-21:177 [Annales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, Budapest v. 18 (for 1920-1921); ref. 15345] Northern Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). Syntypes: (26) Hungarian Natl. Mus. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:34 [ref. 637] with question, Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222], Hofrichter 1995:112 [ref. 30502]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

adustus, Gobiesox Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:360 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 237); ref. 2470] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Syntypes: USNM 29249 (3). •Valid as Gobiesox adustus Jordan & Gilbert 1882 -- (Briggs 1955:118 [ref. 637], Allen & Robertson 1994:86 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:151 [ref. 24545], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:469 [ref. 24550], Thomson et al. 2000:265 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:172 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox adustus Jordan & Gilbert 1882. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

aestuarium, Trachelochismus Conway [K. W.], Stewart [A. L.] & King [C.] 2017:534, Figs. 1-3, 4A, 4B, 5A, 5B, 6 [Zootaxa 4319 (no. 3); ref. 35580] New Zealand, Northland, Ngunguru River estuary at Ngunguru, 35°37.78'S, 174°30.41'E, 1-2 meters depth. Holotype: NMNZ P.057566. Paratypes: AIM, NMNZ, TCWC. •Valid as Trachelochismus aestuarium Conway, Stewart & King 2017. Current status: Valid as Trachelochismus aestuarium Conway, Stewart & King 2017. Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aethus, Cotylis Briggs [J. C.] 1951:91, Figs. 17-18 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Clarion Island, Revillagigedo Islands, off western Mexico. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 5898. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:145 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Gobiesox aethus (Briggs 1951) -- (Briggs 1955:113 [ref. 637], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox aethus (Briggs 1951). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

akiko, Lepadichthys Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2012:1164, Figs. 1-4 [Reef fishes of the East Indies.; ref. 31980] Oceanic patch reef east of Point Mangguar, 2°25.830'S, 134°59.409'E, Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua, Indonesia, depth 70 meters. Holotype (unique): MZB 20592. •Valid as Lepadichthys akiko Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:841 [ref. 31980], Craig et al. 2015:121 [ref. 33898]). Current status: Valid as Lepadichthys akiko Allen & Erdmann 2012. Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

algicola, Barryichthys Conway [K. W.], Moore [G. I.] & Summers [A. P.] 2019:53, Figs. 2B, 3D-E, 4B, 5B, 9B [ZooKeys No. 864; ref. 36823] Jubilee Point, Sorrento, Victoria, Australia, 38°20'00"S, 144°45'00"E. Holotype: WAM P.27127-016. Paratypes: AMA, WAM. •Valid as Barryichthys algicola Conway, Moore & Summers 2019. Current status: Valid as Barryichthys algicola Conway, Moore & Summers 2019. Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: Northern and northeastern Tasmania and mainland Australia. Habitat: marine.

alorensis, Aspasmichthys Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2012:1162, Figs. 1-5 [Reef fishes of the East Indies.; ref. 31980] Submerged ree ["Kal's Dream], 8°16.260'S, 124°23.737'E, Alor Strait, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia, depth 16 meters, Holotype (unique): MZB 20588. •Valid as Aspasmichthys alorensis Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:838 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Aspasmichthys alorensis Allen & Erdmann 2012. Gobiesocidae: Aspasminae. Distribution: Alor Strait, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia (holotype). Habitat: marine.

altifrons, Derilissus Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1971:291, Figs. 1, 2b, 3b [Copeia 1971 (no. 2); ref. 7703] Dominica Channel, western Atlantic, 15°13.0'N, 60°56.9'W, depth 68-69 meters. Holotype (unique): ANSP 112690. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:103 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Derilissus altifrons Smith-Vaniz 1971 -- (McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Sparks & Gruber 2012:251 [ref. 32056]). Current status: Valid as Derilissus altifrons Smith-Vaniz 1971. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Dominica. Habitat: marine.

amplicirrus, Acyrtops Briggs [J. C.] 1955:74, Fig. 94 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Near Christiansted, St. Croix, U. S. Virgin Islands. [Not St. Thomas Island, Virgin Islands, West Indies]. Holotype: ZMUC P9079. Paratypes: CAS-SU 18101 (2), ZMUC P9080-90 (11). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:85 [ref. 9588]. Corrected type locality is from ZMUC records, courtesy of Tammes Menne through W. Smith-Vaniz, 1 Apr. 2011. •Valid as Acyrtops amplicirrus Briggs 1955 -- (Cervigón 1991:202 [ref. 24472], Johnson & Greenfield 1983:335 [ref. 28991], Briggs 2002:443 [ref. 26018], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:172 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:72 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Acyrtops amplicirrus Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

androsiensis, Gobiesox Rosén [N.] 1911:65 [Lunds Universitets Årsskrift. N. F. v. 7 (Afd. 2 no. 5); ref. 14867] Nearshore, Mastic Point, Andros Island, Bahamas. Syntypes: (several) ZMUL, ZMB 18256 (3). •Synonym of Acyrtus rubiginosus (Poey 1868) -- (Briggs 1955:127 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Acyrtus rubiginosus (Poey 1868). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

aptenodytum, Cheilobranchus Richardson [J.] 1845:51 [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Above high water mark on Penguin Island, 72°S. Syntypes: BMNH 1848.3.18.75 (1). •Synonym of Alabes dorsalis (Richardson 1845) -- (Springer & Fraser 1976:16 [ref. 7086], Hoese & Bray 2006:1569 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Alabes dorsalis (Richardson 1845). Gobiesocidae: Cheilobranchinae. Habitat: marine.

artius, Acyrtus Briggs [J. C.] 1955:126, Figs. 37, 109 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Caracas Bay, Curaçao Island, Dutch West Indies, Caribbean Sea. Holotype: CAS-SU 23254. Paratypes: CAS-SU 47942 (1), USNM 78158 (1), ZMA uncat. (2). •Valid as Arcos artius (Briggs 1955) -- (Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:96 [ref. 27192]). •Valid as Acyrtus artius Briggs 1955 -- (Johnson & Greenfield 1983:37 [ref. 28991], Collette et al. 2003:101 [ref. 26784], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Sampaio et al. 2004:206 [ref. 27998], Smith et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:172 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33313], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:73 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Acyrtus artius Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

ascitus, Gymnoscyphus Böhlke [J. E.] & Robins [C. R.] 1970:3, Figs. 1-2 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 434; ref. 610] Off St. Vincent Island, Lesser Antilles, 13°13.9'N, 61°4.7'W, Pillsbury station 876, depth 231-258 meters. Holotype: ANSP 113587. Paratypes: ANSP 113588 (5), 113589 (1, c&s); UMML 26991 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:103 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Gymnoscyphus ascitus Böhlke & Robins 1970 -- (McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089]). Current status: Valid as Gymnoscyphus ascitus Böhlke & Robins 1970. Gobiesocidae: Haplocylicinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Lesser Antilles. Habitat: marine.

asymmetricus, Protogobiesox Fricke [R.], Chen [J.-N.] & Chen [W.-J.] 2016:[8], Figs. 2-5 [Comptes Rendus Biologies v. 340 in press; ref. 34962] Northeast of Taviltae, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea, 4°31'S, 145°31'E, depth 380-382 meters. Holotype: NTUM 10628. Paratypes: MNHN, NTUM. •Valid as Protogobiesox asymmetricus Fricke, Chen & Chen 2016. Current status: Valid as Protogobiesox asymmetricus Fricke, Chen & Chen 2016. Gobiesocidae: Protogobiesocinae. Distribution: Off Madang and Sandaun Provinces, north coast of Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

australis, Tomicodon fasciatus Briggs [J. C.] 1955:67, Fig. 92 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] São Francisco do Sul, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Holotype: USNM 88042. Paratypes: CAS-SU 17835 (2); USNM 87803 (1), 87799-03 (1, 1, 1, 11, 1), 163653 [ex 88042] (1). •Synonym of Tomicodon fasciatus (Peters 1860), but a valid subspecies -- (Johnson & Greenfield 1983:39 [ref. 28991]). •Valid as Tomicodon australis Briggs 1955 -- (Williams & Tyler 2003:4 [ref. 27287]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon australis Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Southeastern Brazil. Habitat: marine.

bacescui, Lepadogaster microcephalus Murgoci [A. A.] 1940:384 [Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Institut des Sciences de Roumanie, ancienne Académie des Sciences de Roumanie, Bucuresti. v. 4 (nos 5-6); ref. 17803] Cap Caliacra [southern Dobruja Region, Bulgaria, Black Sea], depth 1-5 meters. Holotype: MGAB 54. •Synonym of Apletodon microcephalus (Brook 1890), but a valid subspecies bacescui -- (Briggs 1973:651 [ref. 7222]). •Synonym of Apletodon dentatus (Facciolà 1887), but a valid subspecies -- (Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1352 [ref. 13677]). •Synonym of Apletodon dentatus (Facciolà 1887) -- (Fricke et al. 2010:96 [ref. 30711], Parin et al. 2014:471 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Apletodon dentatus (Facciolà 1887). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Black Sea (if valid). Habitat: marine.

balbis, Lepadogaster Risso [A.] 1810:73, Pl. 4 (fig. 9) [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Villefranche-sur-Mer, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:34 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222]). •Synonym of Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Henriques et al. 2002:338 [ref. 26172]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

barbatulus, Gobiesox Starks [E. C.] 1913:73, Pl. 14 [Leland Stanford Jr. University Publications, University Series; ref. 4197] Tide pools at Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Holotype: CAS-SU 22210. Paratypes: (3) AMNH 3858 (1), CAS-SU 22521 (orig. 3). Type specimen established in Pl. 14. •Synonym of Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870 -- (Briggs 1955:115 [ref. 637]). •Mention as Gobiesox barbatulus with Cope as author -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:310 [ref. 25013]). •Valid as Gobiesox barbatulus Starks 1913 -- (Johnson & Greenfield 1983:43 [ref. 28991], Cervigón 1991:200 [ref. 24472], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:469 [ref. 24550], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:96 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287], Ribeiro et al. 2019:6 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox barbatulus Starks 1913. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

barbatus, Apletodon Fricke [R.], Wirtz [P.] & Brito [A.] 2010:93, Figs. 1-4 [Ichthyological Research v. 57 (no. 1); ref. 30711] King Bay, at Tarrafal, Santiago/São Tiago Island, 15°16'31"N, 23°45'45"E, Cape Verde Islands, depth 5-8 meters. Holotype: SMNS 26427. Paratypes: MNHN 2009-1592 (1); AMNS 26428 (19); USNM 396967 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Apletodon barbatus Fricke, Wirtz & Brito 2010 -- (Wirtz et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32972], Fricke et al. in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2809 [ref. 34618], Fricke & Wirtz 2018:6 [ref. 36380]). Current status: Valid as Apletodon barbatus Fricke, Wirtz & Brito 2010. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Cape Verde Islands, eastern Atlantic (endemic). Habitat: marine.

bassensis, Cochleoceps Hutchins [J. B.] 1983:40, Figs. 3b, 4b, 5-7. [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 11 (pt 1); ref. 5374] Western Port, 38°26'S, 145°08'E, Victoria, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.23367-001. Paratypes: AMS E.1001 (1), I.7607 (1), I.10410 (1), I.13005 (1), E.1001 (1); NMV A1730 (1), A2298 (1), ?A2828 (1); QVM 1979:5:44 (1), 1979:5:79 (1); WAM P.27750-001 (1, c&s). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:39 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:9 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Cochleoceps bassensis Hutchins 1983 -- (Hutchins 1991:656 [ref. 19055], Gomon et al. 1994:318 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Bray 2006:1572 [ref. 29000], Hutchins 2008:735 [ref. 30658]). Current status: Valid as Cochleoceps bassensis Hutchins 1983. Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia: Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Habitat: marine.

bathys, Alabes Hutchins [J. B.] 2006:26, Figs. 1a, b [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 63 (no. 1); ref. 28926] 30 kilometers north-northwest of Cape Sorell, 42°10.9'S, 144°48.9'E, Tasmania, Australia, depth 160 meters. Holotype: NMV A14558. Paratypes: CSIRO H 6156-01 (1), NMV A28045-001 (1). •Valid as Alabes bathys Hutchins 2006 -- (Hutchins 2008:728 [ref. 30658]). Current status: Valid as Alabes bathys Hutchins 2006. Gobiesocidae: Cheilobranchinae. Distribution: Australia: Tasmania. Habitat: marine.

beryllinus, Gobiesox (Rimicola) Hildebrand [S. F.] & Ginsburg [I.] 1927:213, Fig. 5 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 42 (Doc. 1013); ref. 15789] Boca Chica, Key West, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 87533. •Valid as Acyrtops beryllinus (Hildebrand & Ginsburg 1927) -- (Briggs 1955:74 [ref. 637], Johnson & Greenfield 1983:34 [ref. 28911], Robins & Ray 1986:85 [ref. 23100], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:167 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:101 [ref. 26784], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:96 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:643 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:172 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Acyrtops beryllinus (Hildebrand & Ginsburg 1927). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

biciliatus, Lepadogaster Risso [A.] 1827:272 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:34 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222]). •Synonym of Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Henriques et al. 2002:338 [ref. 26172]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

bicolor, Cochleoceps Hutchins [J. B.] 1991:663, Figs. 4b, 5-7 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 15 (pt 3); ref. 19055] Flinders Island, off Cape Leeuwin, Western Australia, depth 12-13 meters. Holotype: WAM P.28522-002. Paratypes: AMS I.31831-001 (1); BMNH 1991.9.12.11 (1); NMV A2829 (1); SAMA F6986 (1); WAM P.25763-002 (1), P.26608-025 (1, c&s), P.28293-007 (4), P.28300-003 (4), P.28296-007 (7), P.28265-001 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:9 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Cochleoceps bicolor Hutchins 1991 -- (Kuiter 1993:55 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:319 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:48 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1573 [ref. 29000], Hutchins 2008:735 [ref. 30658], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Cochleoceps bicolor Hutchins 1991. Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocan, southwestern Pacific: Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

bidens, Tomicodon Briggs [J. C.] 1969:777, Fig. 3 [Copeia 1969 (no. 4); ref. 7803] Rey Island, Perlas Islands, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype: MCZ 45994. Paratypes: MCZ 44871 (18), UMML Argosy coll. 13 (14) [not found at UF]; ["paratypes will be deposited at" ANSP, BMNH, CAS-SU (missing), USNM]. Types apparently not distributed. •Valid as Tomicodon bidens Briggs 1969 -- (Szelistowski 1990:504 [ref. 20183], Allen & Robertson 1994:87 [ref. 22193]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon bidens Briggs 1969. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

bilineatus, Lepadichthys Craig [M. T.], Bogorodsky [S. V.] & Randall [J. E.] in Craig, Bogorodsky, Randall & Mal 2015:114, Fig. 1A [Zootaxa 3990 (no. 1); ref. 33898] Southeastern coast, Rahah Bay, 16°57’N, 54°49’E, Oman, depth 0-1.5 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 36336. •Valid as Lepadichthys bilineatus Craig, Bogorodsky & Randall 2015. Current status: Valid as Lepadichthys bilineatus Craig, Bogorodsky & Randall 2015. Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: Oman (western Indian Ocean). Habitat: marine.

bimaculatus, Cyclopterus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Pennant) 1788:29, Pl. 86 (fig. 355) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Seas of England. No types known. Based on 'The bimaculated sucker' of Pennant 1776:397, Pl. 22 [ref. 18528]. •Valid as Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:29 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:652 [ref. 7222], Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1354 [ref. 13677], Hofrichter 1995:137 [ref. 30502], Santos et al. 1997:102 [ref. 23531], Hofrichter & Patzner 1997:21 [ref. 23741], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:56 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:100 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:134 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:174 [ref. 31251] as bimaculata bimaculata, Lipej & Dulčić 2010:32 [ref. 36649] as bimaculatus, Parin et al. 2015:371[ref. 33547], Fricke et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33962], Fricke et al. in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2809 [ref. 34618], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2017:210 [ref. 35501], Fricke & Wirtz 2017:6 [ref. 35696], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, northeastern Atlantic: Norway and Faroes south to Gibraltar. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bimaculatus, Lepidogaster Gosse [P. H.] 1855-56:167 [A manual of marine zoology for the British Isles; ref. 23093] Midway between Tenby (Wales) and Ord Point. No types known. Not available. Original genus should have been spelled Lepadogaster. Lepadogaster bimaculata is a common species in Great Britian and the name was widely used in 19th century English literature. Gosse's name is considered an incorrect subsequent spelling (also lacking a description or figure). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae.

bispinosus, Cyclopterus Shaw [G.] 1804:396 [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] India [in error, western Atlantic]. Holotype (unique): NRM 92. Unneeded new name for Cyclopterus nudus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Gobiesox nudus (Linnaeus 1758) [based on Briggs] -- (Briggs 1955:94 [ref. 637], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:512 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Arcos nudus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Arcos nudus (Linnaeus 1758). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bitentaculatus, Lepadogaster Valenciennes [A.] 1843:85 [Ichthyologie des îles Canaries v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 4502] Not available, name only. •In the synonymy of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788), subspecies perperea (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222], Briggs 1990:476 [ref. 15498]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae.

boehlkei, Tomicodon Briggs [J. C.] 1955:64, Fig. 90 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Northwestern shore of San Francisquito Bay, about 35 miles north of Loreto, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 17810. Paratypes: CAS-SU 17811 (orig. 118, now 117), CAS-SU 67328 [ex CAS-SU 17811] (1, c&s). Additional material: ANSP 90815 (6), CAS-SU (20 lots, orig. 450). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:103 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Tomicodon boehlkei Briggs 1955 -- (Szelistowski 1990:504 [ref. 20183], Allen & Robertson 1994:87 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:154 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:262 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon boehlkei Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

bolini, Lepadichthys Briggs [J. C.] 1962:424, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1962 (no. 2); ref. 5818] Palikulo Bay, Espiritu Santo Island, Vanuatu, 15°29'10"S, 167°14'37"E, depth 2-12 feet. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 58341. •Valid as Lepadichthys bolini Briggs 1962 -- (Winterbottom et al. 1989:14 [ref. 13251], Myers 1999:230 [ref. 23965], Hutchins 2001:3548 [ref. 26291], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:840 [ref. 31980], Craig et al. 2015:122 [ref. 33898], Conway et al. 2018:97 [ref. 36157]). Current status: Valid as Lepadichthys bolini Briggs 1962. Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles to Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu and Fiji. Habitat: marine.

boreus, Gobiesox daedaleus Briggs [J. C.] 1955:111, Fig. 104 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Conchaguita Island, Gulf of Fonseca, El Salvador. Holotype: CAS-SU 17392 [ex NYZS 27550]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 17393-94 (12, 25). Type catalog: Mead 1958:133 [ref. 20648]. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

brachysoma, Cotylis Briggs [J. C.] 1951:83, Figs. 11-12 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Braxatillo Bay, Costa Rica. Holotype: CAS 20440. Paratypes: CAS 20441 (3), CAS-SU 16415 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:145 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Gobiesox daedaleus Briggs 1951, but a valid subspecies -- (Briggs 1955:109 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox daedaleus Briggs 1951. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

brevirostris, Gobiesox Guichenot [A.] 1848:335, Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [Fauna Chilena.... in Gay.; ref. 1939] Juan Fernández Islands. Lectotype: MNHN A-4922. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-4921 (1), A-4923 (1) Lectotype established by Briggs 1955:55 [ref. 637]; he referred non-Juan Fernandez specimens to another species (they are still paralectotypes of this species). •Valid as Sicyases brevirostris (Guichenot 1848) -- (Briggs 1955:55 [ref. 637], Dyer & Westneat 2010:601 [ref. 31446]). Current status: Valid as Sicyases brevirostris (Guichenot 1848). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Juan Fernández Islands. Habitat: marine.

brevis, Alabes Springer [V. G.] & Fraser [T. H.] 1976:19 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 234; ref. 7086] Rottnest Island, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.24385-001. Paratypes: WAM P.24386-001 (1), P.24387-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:38 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:8 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Alabes brevis Springer & Fraser 1976 -- (Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Hutchins & Morrison 2004:148 [ref. 27776], Hutchins 2006:26 [ref. 28926], Hoese & Bray 2006:1569 [ref. 29000], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Alabes brevis Springer & Fraser 1976. Gobiesocidae: Cheilobranchinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

brevis, Rimicola Briggs [J. C.] 1969:775, Fig. 2 [Copeia 1969 (no. 4); ref. 7803] Cauro Point, Boca del Drago near Boca del Toro, Panama. Holotype: MCZ 45995. Paratypes: GCRL 2030 (2), MCZ 44845 (1). [One of the paratypes was to be deposited at USNM.] •Valid as Rimicola brevis Briggs 1969 -- (McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089]). •Synonym of Acyrtops amplicirrus Briggs 1955 -- (Briggs 2002:443 [ref. 26018]). Current status: Synonym of Acyrtops amplicirrus Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

briggsi, Aspasmodes Smith [J. L. B.] 1957:398, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 10 (no. 113); ref. 4116] La Digue, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 355. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] (1) not researched. •Valid as Aspasmodes briggsi Smith 1957. Current status: Valid as Aspasmodes briggsi Smith 1957. Gobiesocidae: Aspasminae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

briggsi, Propherallodus Shiogaki [M.] & Dotsu [Y.] 1983:113, Figs. 2 (A-B), 3 (B-F) [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 30 (no. 2); ref. 5396] Meshima Island, Japan. Holotype: NSMT-P 46749 [ex FNU 100001]. Paratypes: NSMT-P 46750 [ex FNU 100002] (1), 46751 [ex FNU 100003] (1); FNU 100004-10 (7, 2 c&s, whereabouts unknown). •Valid as Propherallodus briggsi Shiogaki & Dotsu 1983 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:341 [ref. 6441], Lindberg et al. 1997:191 [ref. 23547], Nakabo 2000:1122 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1122 [ref. 26193], Fujiwara & Motomura 2018:[2] [ref. 36420]). Current status: Valid as Propherallodus briggsi Shiogaki & Dotsu 1983. Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: Kochi and Kagoshima Prefectures, Japan, western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

briggsi, Tomicodon Williams [J. T.] & Tyler [J. C.] 2003:8, Fig. 3 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 621; ref. 27287] St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. Holotype: USNM 360612. Paratypes: ANSP 126691 (1), FMNH 93758 (1), USNM 365845 (4). •Valid as Tomicodon briggsi Williams & Tyler 2003 -- (Lobel & Lobel 2011:50 [ref. 31774], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:73 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon briggsi Williams & Tyler 2003. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

brownii, Lepadogaster Risso [A.] 1827:272 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:34 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222], Hofrichter 1995:112 [ref. 30502], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:57 [ref. 26753], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:33 [ref. 36649]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cabrilloi, Rimicola Briggs [J. C.] 2002:441, Figs. 1-3 [Copeia 2002 (no. 2); ref. 26018] Forneys Cove, Santa Cruz Island, California, U.S.A. Holotype: SIO H51-259. Paratypes: CAS 59281 (2), 211112 (2); LACM 32148-43 (1); SIO H47-81 (1), H51-234 (4), H51-244 (1), H51-249 (5), H51-259 (6, with holotype); UCLA W49-14 (2), W65-23 (7). •Valid as Rimicola cabrilloi Briggs 2002 -- (Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:351 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Rimicola cabrilloi Briggs 2002. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific off southern California, U.S.A. Habitat: marine.

cadenati, Opeatogenys Briggs [J. C.] 1957:206, Pl. 1 (lower) [Copeia 1957 (no. 3); ref. 638] Chenal de Joal, Senegal [eastern Atlantic]. Holotype: MNHN 1959-0059 [ex IFAN 51-1554]. Paratypes: IFAN 1786 (1, c&s), 50-2388 (1), 51-519 (1), 51-520 (1), 52-1210 to 52-1216 (7), 53-1978 to 53-1981 (4); MNHN 1959-0060 [ex IFAN] (2). •Valid as Opeatogenys cadenati Briggs 1957 -- (Briggs 1990:477 [ref. 15498], Hofrichter 1995:192 [ref. 30502], Fricke et al. in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2809 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Opeatogenys cadenati Briggs 1957. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

candolii, Lepadogaster Risso [A.] 1810:76 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] St. Hospice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MZUF 5573-74 (2). Type catalog: Vanni 1991:223 [ref. 20099]. Spelled candolii in text and index; name should not be changed. Spelled decandollii by Risso 1827:275 [ref. 3757]. •Valid as Mirbelia candolei [sic] (Risso 1810) "for the time being" -- (Almada et al. 2008:1154 [ref. 29550] as candollei). •Valid as Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810 [often as candollei] -- (Briggs 1955:38 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:655 [ref. 7222], Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1356 [ref. 13677], Briggs 1990:476 [ref. 15498], Hofrichter 1995:124 [ref. 30502] as candollei, Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:56 [ref. 26753] as candollei, Fricke et al. 2007:100 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:135 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:174 [ref. 31251] as candolii, Lipej & Dulčić 2010:33 [ref. 36649] as candollei, Parin et al. 2015:472 [ref. 33547], Fricke et al. in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2809 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

canidens, Cotylis Briggs [J. C.] 1951:88, Figs. 15-16 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Socorro Island, Revillagigedo Islands, off western Mexico. Holotype: CAS 20442. Paratypes: CAS 1655 (1, missing), ?2130 (1), 2135 (1); CAS-SU 16416 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Gobiesox canidens (Briggs 1951) -- (Briggs 1955:114 [ref. 637], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox canidens (Briggs 1951). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cardinalis, Gobiesox Ramsay [E. P.] 1882:148 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 7 (pt 2); ref. 18595] Near George Town, Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: AMS A.6793-95 (3). •Valid as Creocele cardinalis (Ramsay 1882) -- (Briggs 1955:12 [ref. 637], Kuiter 1993:57 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:322 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Bray 2006:1574 [ref. 29000], Hutchins 2008:735 [ref. 30658], Conway et al. 2017:138 [ref. 35266]). Current status: Valid as Creocele cardinalis (Ramsay 1882). Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia: Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Habitat: marine.

caritus, Lepadichthys Briggs [J. C.] 1969:464, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1969 (no. 3); ref. 7802] North tip of Mahé Island, Seychelles, Indian Ocean. Holotype: ANSP 111852. Paratypes: ANSP 111853 [not 11853] (1), USNM 247380 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:103 [ref. 13621]. East Indian records are probably misidentifications of L. lineatus [ref. 31980]. •Valid as Lepadichthys caritus Briggs 1969 -- (Briggs 1986:380 [ref. 5643], Francis 1993:158 [ref. 25479], Myers 1999:230 [ref. 23965], Briggs 2001:500 [ref. 25236], Hutchins 2001:3548 [ref. 26291], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Bray 2006:1575 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2014:153 [ref. 33932], Craig et al. 2015:122 [ref. 33898]). Current status: Valid as Lepadichthys caritus Briggs 1969. Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

carneus, Sicyases Poey [F.] 1868:392 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3505] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 12925 (8), USNM 153579 [ex MCZ 12925] (2). •Synonym of Acyrtus rubiginosus (Poey 1868) -- (Briggs 1955:127 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Acyrtus rubiginosus (Poey 1868). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

cephalus, Gobiesox Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Plumier) 1800:595, 596, Pl. 19 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Amérique méridionale [Central America]. No types known. Based on the 'Cephalus fluviatilis major' in manuscript description of Plumier (Charles Plumier, 1646-1704, French explorer and botanist). Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:279, 280 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. See account of Cyclopterus nudus Linnaeus 1758. •Wrongly a synonym of Gobiesox nudus (Linnaeus 1758) based on misapplication by Briggs -- (Briggs 1955:94 [ref. 637], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:512 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800 -- (Frernholm & Wheeler 1983:271 [ref. 20707], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Caribbean drainages of South America: Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Honduras, Jamaica, Panama, Venezuela; islands of the Caribbean. Habitat: freshwater.

cephalus, Lepadogaster Thompson [W.] 1839:34 [Annals of Natural History, or Magazine of Zoology, Botany, and Geology v. 3 (no. 14) (art. 6); ref. 17907] Roundstone Bay, Connemara, western Ireland. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810 -- (Briggs 1955:38 [ref. 637] as candollei, Briggs 1973:655 [ref. 7222] as candollei, Briggs 1990:477 [ref. 15498] as candollei, Hofrichter 1995:125 [ref. 30502] as candollei). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

cerasinus, Gobiesox Cope [E. D.] 1871:473 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 14 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 920] St. Martin Island, West Indies. Holotype (unique): ANSP 10363. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Arcos macrophthalmus (Günther 1861) -- (Briggs 1955:85 [ref. 637]). •Synonym of Arcos nudus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Arcos nudus (Linnaeus 1758). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

cessator, Rimicola Fowler [H. W.] 1944:236, Fig. 258 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Death River tide pools at foot of Mount Sapo, Panama. Holotype (unique): ANSP 69991. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Tomicodon petersii (Garman 1875) -- (Briggs 1955:63 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Tomicodon petersii (Garman 1875). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

chilensis, Gobiesox Guichenot [A.] 1848:334 [Fauna Chilena.... in Gay.; ref. 1939] Coast of Chile. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

chilensis, Tomicodon Brisout de Barneville [C. N. F.] 1846:144 [Revue Zoologique par la Société Cuvierienne (Paris) 1846; ref. 9183] Valparaíso, Chile. No types known. •Valid as Tomicodon chilensis Brisout de Barneville 1846 -- (Briggs 1955:68 [ref. 637], Pequeño 1989:41 [ref. 14125], Szelistowski 1990:504 [ref. 20183], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:240 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:153 [ref. 24555], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957] with author as Brisout de Barnesville). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon chilensis Brisout de Barneville 1846. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

chrysea, Lecanogaster Briggs [J. C.] 1957:205, Pl. 1 (upper) [Copeia 1957 (no. 3); ref. 638] Ningo, Ghana [eastern Atlantic]. Holotype: BMNH 1958.7.3.1 [ex IFAN 52-1210]. Paratypes: IFAN 52-1211 (1, c&s), 52-1212 (1); MNHN 1959-0061 [ex IFAN 52-1208] (1). •Valid as Lecanogaster chrysea Briggs 1957 -- (Briggs 1990:475 [ref. 15498], Hofrichter 1995:196 [ref. 30502], Fricke et al. in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2809 [ref. 34618], Fricke & Wirtz 2017:5 [ref. 35696]). Current status: Valid as Lecanogaster chrysea Briggs 1957. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Ghana. Habitat: marine.

chupasangue, Lepadogaster Yarrell [W.] 1859:342 [A history of British fishes. Third edition.; ref. 17752] Madeira coast, eastern Atlantic. No types known. Name mentioned in passing and not treated as new, but some descriptive characters are given. •In the synonymy of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810 -- (Briggs 1973:655 [ref. 7222] as candollei, Briggs 1990:477 [ref. 15498] as candollei, Hofrichter 1995:125 [ref. 30502] as candollei). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae.

ciconiae, Aspasma Jordan [D. S.] & Fowler [H. W.] 1902:415, Fig. [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 25 (no. 1291); ref. 2458] Tide pools near Wakanoura, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, Inland Sea, western North Pacific. Syntypes: CAS-SU 7136 (1), USNM 50760 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:145 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Aspasmichthys ciconiae (Jordan & Fowler 1902) -- (Briggs 1955:134 [ref. 637], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:341 [ref. 6441], Lindberg et al. 1997:192 [ref. 23547], Hutchins in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122] as ciconae, Nakabo 2000:1121 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1121 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:389, 651 [ref. 26218], Yoshigou 2019:196 [ref. 36714]). Current status: Valid as Aspasmichthys ciconiae (Jordan & Fowler 1902). Gobiesocidae: Aspasminae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Korea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

ciliatus, Lepadogaster Risso [A.] 1820:248 [Journal de Physique, de Chimie et d'Histoire Naturelle v. 91; ref. 18636] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:34 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222], Hofrichter 1995:112 [ref. 30502]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

clarkei, Tomicodon Williams [J. T.] & Tyler [J. C.] 2003:9, Figs. 1 and 4 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 621; ref. 27287] Off eastern side of Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, depth 5 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 358693. •Valid as Tomicodon clarkei Williams & Tyler 2003 -- (Lobel & Lobel 2011:50 [ref. 31774]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon clarkei Williams & Tyler 2003. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Belize. Habitat: marine.

coccinotaenia, Lepadichthys Regan [C. T.] 1921:2 [Annals of the Durban Museum v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 15326] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1920.7.23.47. •Valid as Lepadichthys coccinotaenia Regan 1921 -- (Briggs 1955:138 [ref. 637], Briggs 1986:380 [ref. 5643], Nakabo 2000:1123 [ref. 25182], Briggs 2001:500 [ref. 25236], Nakabo 2002:1123 [ref. 26193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S99 [ref. 27377], Craig et al. 2015:121 [ref. 33898], Fricke et al. 2018:315 [ref. 35805], Conway et al. 2018:97 [ref. 36157], Zajonz et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lepadichthys coccinotaenia Regan 1921. Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South Africa and East Africa to Socotra and Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

coccoi, Leptopterygius Troschel [F. H.] 1860:207, Pl. 7 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 26 (pt. 1); ref. 4464] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Gouania willdenowi (Risso 1810) -- (Briggs 1955:23 [ref. 637] as wildenowi, Briggs 1973:653 [ref. 7222] as wildenowi, Hofrichter 1995:103 [ref. 30502] as wildenowi). Current status: Synonym of Gouania willdenowi (Risso 1810). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

concolor, Sicyases Poey [F.] 2000:575, Pl. 315 (fig. 5, 5a, 6, 6a) [Ictiologia Cubana. Posthumous transcription of original unpublished manuscript (1884) by M. Sánchez Roig and F. Gómez de la Maza v. 1-3; ref. 26366] Sicyases no. 664 of Poey 1875 [ref. 3509]. Not available; not explicitly proposed as new [see Art. 16.1 of the Code]. Posthumous publication. Figured specimen (5a) listed as type. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae.

cornubicus, Cyclopterus Shaw [G.] 1804:397 [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] Cornwall coast and Sound of Jura. No types known. Based on literature sources. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:36 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222], Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1357 [ref. 13677], Briggs 1990:476 [ref. 15498]). •Synonym of Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Henriques et al. 2002:338 [ref. 26172]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

cornubiensis, Lepadogaster Fleming [J.] 1828:189 [A history of British animals; ref. 1339] Southern coast of England and the Hebrides. No types known. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:36 [ref. 637], Briggs 1990:476 [ref. 15498]). •Synonym of Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Henriques et al. 2002:338 [ref. 26172]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

costaricensis, Gobiesox Meek [S. E.] 1912:74 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 7); ref. 2960] Zent River, Atlantic drainage, Costa Rica. Holotype: FMNH 7677. Paratypes: FMNH 7813 (2), ?7814 (1), 7815 (1), 96026 (1); USNM 74246 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:41 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Gobiesox nudus (Linnaeus 1758) [based on Briggs] -- (Briggs 1955:94 [ref. 637], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:512 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: freshwater.

costatus, Diplocrepis Ogilby [J. D.] 1885:270 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 10 (pt 2); ref. 14457] Shark Reef, Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS B.7140. Paratypes: AMS B.7141 (1) •Synonym of Aspasmogaster tasmaniensis (Günther 1861) -- (Briggs 1955:50 [ref. 637]). •Valid as Aspasmogaster costata (Ogilby 1885) -- (Kuiter 1993:56 [ref. 23929], Hoese & Bray 2006:1571 [ref. 29000], Conway et al. 2018:92 [ref. 36157]). Current status: Valid as Aspasmogaster costata (Ogilby 1885). Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

couchii, Lepidogaster Saville-Kent [W.] 1883:55 [Marine and freshwater fishes of the British islands v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 18380] Devonshire and Cornish coasts, British Isles. No types known. Original genus should have been Lepadogaster. On Official Index (Opinion 638); suppressed for purpose of priority but not homonymy. •Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:29 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:652 [ref. 7222], Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1354 [ref. 13677], Fricke et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33962]). Current status: Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

crassicorpus, Cotylis Briggs [J. C.] 1951:81, Figs. 9-10, 19 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Between Gulf of Nicaya and 30 miles south of Cape Corrientes, Jalisco, Mexico. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 39309. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Gobiesox crassicorpus (Briggs 1951) -- (Briggs 1955:120 [ref. 637], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox crassicorpus (Briggs 1951). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

crinophila, Discotrema Briggs [J. C.] 1976:340, Figs. 1-4 [Copeia 1976 (no. 2); ref. 640] Between Stuart Island and Yanuca Island, Benga Lagoon, Benga, Fiji Islands (on a crinoid). Holotype: USNM 215329. Paratypes: ANSP 128311 (3), 134364 (1); USF 460-462 (6, 4, 6). Discotrema echinocephala and D. echinopila are each a lapus calami -- see Craig & Randall 2008:70 [ref. 29543]. •Valid as Discotrema crinophila Briggs 1976 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:342 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:55 [ref. 15987] as echinophila, Lindberg et al. 1997:191 [ref. 23547], Myers 1999:230 [ref. 23965], Hutchins in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1123 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:133 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:3548 [ref. 26291], Nakabo 2002:1123 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:506 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:839 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Discotrema crinophilum Briggs 1976 -- (Craig & Randall 2008:72 [ref. 29543], Fricke 2014:40 [ref. 33595], Fricke et al. 2014:153 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Discotrema crinophilum Briggs 1976. Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia east to Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

cryptus, Tomicodon Williams [J. T.] & Tyler [J. C.] 2003:10, Fig. 5 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 621; ref. 27287] Surf zone at shore just east of Northwest Point, 18°25.81'N, 75°01.57'W, Navassa Island, depth 0-2 meters. Holotype: USNM 358700. Paratypes: ANSP 105056 (16), 106115 (1), 123662 (11), 178029 (2), 178031 (1); USNM 359404 (3), 365859 (2), 365860-61 (7, 23). Plus nontype specimens. •Valid as Tomicodon cryptus Williams & Tyler 2003. Current status: Valid as Tomicodon cryptus Williams & Tyler 2003. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

ctenion, Lepadichthys Briggs [J. C.] & Link [G.] 1963:101, Fig. 1 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 44 (no. 2); ref. 4284] Northern Indian Ocean, about 30 miles west of Karachi, Pakistan. Holotype: SMF 5431. Paratypes: SMF 5823-24 (2). •Valid as Lepadichthys ctenion Briggs & Link 1963 -- (Briggs 2001:500 [ref. 25236], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S99 [ref. 27377], Craig et al. 2015:121 [ref. 33898]). Current status: Valid as Lepadichthys ctenion Briggs & Link 1963. Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

ctenocrypta, Diplecogaster Briggs [J. C.] 1955:32, Fig. 85 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Off La Luz, Gran Canaria Island, Canary Islands [eastern Atlantic], depth 90 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P9037. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:85 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diplecogaster ctenocrypta Briggs 1955 -- (Briggs 1990:475 [ref. 15498], Hofrichter 1995:156 [ref. 30502], Hofrichter & Patzner 1997:21 [ref. 23741], Fricke et al. 2015:6, 13 [ref. 33962], Fricke et al. in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2809 [ref. 34618], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2017:210 [ref. 35501], Fricke & Wirtz 2017:6 [ref. 35696]). Current status: Valid as Diplecogaster ctenocrypta Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

cuveriae, Alabes McClelland [J.] 1844:221 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Indian Ocean. Not the same as Alabes cuvieri Vaillant 1905. Needs further investigation. Technically, this species may be the type species of Alabes, and this upsets current usage. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

cuvieri, Alabes Vaillant [L. L.] 1905:149 [Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (Sér. 4) v. 7; ref. 17859] Australia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-2180 (4) Australia, 0000-2181 (3). •Synonym of Alabes dorsalis (Richardson 1845) -- (Springer & Fraser 1976:16 [ref. 7086], Hoese & Bray 2006:1569 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Alabes dorsalis (Richardson 1845). Gobiesocidae: Cheilobranchinae. Habitat: marine.

daedaleus, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1951:63, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Near mouth of small stream entering Watering Bay, Gorgona Island, (Pacific) Colombia. Holotype (unique): LACM 21562 [ex AHF 1190]. •Valid as Gobiesox daedaleus Briggs 1951 -- (Briggs 1955:108 [ref. 637], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287], González-Murcia et al. 2019:296 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox daedaleus Briggs 1951. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

decandollii, Lepadogaster Risso [A.] 1827:275 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Not available; an incorrect subsequent spelling of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810. Reference was made to "Riss. Ichthyol., 76, 6" but original spelling not mentioned (just as vernacular name 'Lépadogastère decandolle'). •In the synonymy of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810 -- (Briggs 1955:38 [ref. 637] as candollei, Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1356 [ref. 13677] as candollei, Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:56 [ref. 26753] as candollei, Lipej & Dulčić 2010:33 [ref. 36649] as candollei). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae.

decoris, Arcos Briggs [J. C.] 1969:774, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1969 (no. 4); ref. 7803] Rey Island, Perlas Islands, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype: MCZ 45993. Paratypes: MCZ 44870 (21), UMML Argosy coll. 13 (28) [were to be deposited in: ANSP, BMNH, CAS-SU (not found), and USNM]. USNM 369250 [ex UMML] (9). Types apparently not distributed as stated. •Valid as Arcos decoris Briggs 1969 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:85 [ref. 22193], Béarez et al. 2008:478 [ref. 32869]). Current status: Valid as Arcos decoris Briggs 1969. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

dentatus, Lepadogaster Facciolà [L.] 1887:165, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Naturalista Siciliano [Il Naturalista Siciliano, Giornale di scienze naturali] v. 6; ref. 16780] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculatus (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:29 [ref. 637]). •Valid as Apletodon dentatus (Facciolà 1887) -- (Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1352 [ref. 13677], Hofrichter 1995:145 [ref. 30502], Hofrichter & Patzner 1997:20 [ref. 23741], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:56 [ref. 26753], Fricke 2007:69 [ref. 29022], Fricke et al. 2007:100 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:134 [ref. 30517], Fricke et al. 2010:96 [ref. 30711], Parin et al. 2014:471 [ref. 33547], Fricke et al. in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2809 [ref. 34618], Fricke & Wirtz 2018:6 [ref. 36380], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Apletodon dentatus (Facciolà 1887). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, northeastern Atlantic: British Isles to Portugal. Habitat: marine.

dentex, Cyclopterus Pallas [P. S.] 1769:6, Pl. 1 (fig. 1-4) [Spicilegia Zoologica v. 1 (fasc. 7); ref. 20848] [As] Kahvyk, Scheveningen and Monster, Belgii littore occidentali [Neatherlands]. No types known. Type locality erroneus. Original spelling of name Cycloptervs dentex (historical typeset, equals Cyclopterus dentex). •Valid as Chorisochismus dentex (Pallas 1769) -- (Briggs 1955:40 [ref. 637], Briggs 1986:379 [ref. 5643], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:123 [ref. 28072], Conway et al. 2017:138 [ref. 35266]). Current status: Valid as Chorisochismus dentex (Pallas 1769). Gobiesocidae: Chorisochisminae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and southwestern Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

desfontanii, Lepadogaster Risso [A.] 1827:275, Pl. 14 (fig. 39) [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MZUF 5584-0093 [ex MNHN] (10). Type catalog: Vanni 1991:223 [ref. 20099], Nocita & Vanni 1998:69 [ref. 36144]. •Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:29 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:652 [ref. 7222], Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1354 [ref. 13677], Hofrichter 1995:138 [ref. 30502], Fricke et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33962]). Current status: Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

deversor, Diademichthys Pfaff [J. R.] 1942:414, Pl. 3 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 105; ref. 3459] Coast of Onrust, Java Sea. Holotype: ZMUC uncat. Paratypes: ZMUM uncat. (1, allotype), ZMUC uncat. (2), ZMUC uncat. (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:85 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Diademichthys lineatus (Sauvage 1883) -- (Briggs 1955:141 [ref. 637], Fricke 1999:111 [ref. 24106], Hoese & Bray 2006:1574 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Diademichthys lineatus (Sauvage 1883). Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Habitat: marine.

dimorpha, Rimicola Briggs [J. C.] 1955:78, Figs. 5, 95 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Punta Clara, south of Río Santo Tomás, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 18113. Paratypes: SIO 45-16D (1); 45-215C (2), 45-219A (1), 61-404 (2), 61-405 (5) (ex UCLA W46-3, W54-364); CAS-SU 18114 (14), 67330 [ex CAS-SU 18114] (1 c&s); UCLA W46-2 (2). •Valid as Rimicola dimorpha Briggs 1955 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:110 [ref. 9277], Briggs 2002:443 [ref. 26018], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:351 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Rimicola dimorpha Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

dorsalis, Cheilobranchus Richardson [J.] 1845:50, Pl. 30 (figs. 1-5) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Northwestern coast of Australia. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1848.3.18.37. •Valid as Alabes dorsalis (Richardson 1845) -- (Springer & Fraser 1976:16 [ref. 7086], Kuiter 1993:53 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:312 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:48 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Hutchins & Morrison 2004:148 [ref. 27776], Hutchins 2006:25 [ref. 28926], Hoese & Bray 2006:1569 [ref. 29000], Hutchins 2008:728 [ref. 30658]). Current status: Valid as Alabes dorsalis (Richardson 1845). Gobiesocidae: Cheilobranchinae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia: New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Habitat: marine.

eigenmanni, Gobiesox Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:96 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Point Loma near San Diego, California, U.S.A.; San Cristobal, Baja California. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1891.5.19.153 (1), CAS-SU 2618 (1 or more, lost), USNM 44372 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291]. Jordan 1896:231 and 244 [ref. 2395] lists the type of this species as from Todos Santos Bay, but that locality is not one of the original ones. •Valid as Rimicola eigenmanni (Gilbert 1890) -- (Briggs 1955:76 [ref. 637], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:110 [ref. 9277], Briggs 2002:442 [ref. 26018], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:302 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Rimicola eigenmanni (Gilbert 1890). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

elegans, Lepadogaster Nardo [G. D.] 1860:79 [Prospetti sistematici degli animali delle provincie Venete et del mare Adriatico; ref. 18470] Name only, not available. •In the synonymy of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:29 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:652 [ref. 7222], Hofrichter 1995:138 [ref. 30502]). Current status: Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae.

elongata, Alabes Hutchins [J. B.] & Morrison [S. M.] 2004:150, Fig. 2 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 56 (no. 2); ref. 27776] East side of Mondrain Island, 34°08'S, 122°15'E, Recherche Archipelago, Western Australia, depth 5-6 meters. Holotype: WAP P.28296-003. Paratypes: AMS I.42136-001 (1); WAM P.26004-012 (1), P.28280-002 (1, c&s), P.28296-050 (1), P.32205-001 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:8 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Alabes elongata Hutchins & Morrison 2004 -- (Hutchins 2006:25 [ref. 28926], Hoese & Bray 2006:1570 [ref. 29000], Hutchins 2008:729 [ref. 30658]). Current status: Valid as Alabes elongata Hutchins & Morrison 2004. Gobiesocidae: Cheilobranchinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

eos, Gobiesox Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:360 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 237); ref. 2470] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico, in rock pools. Syntypes: CAS-SU 48322 [ex USNM 30889] (1); USNM 29247 (1, not found in 1980), 30889 (17). •Valid as Tomicodon eos (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Briggs 1955:69 [ref. 637], Szelistowski 1990:504 [ref. 20183], Allen & Robertson 1994:87 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:155 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:263 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon eos (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

erythraeus, Lepadichthys Briggs [J. C.] & Link [G.] 1963:102, Fig. 2 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 44 (no. 2); ref. 4284] [Al-Ghardaqa] Hurghada, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): SMF 5586. •Valid as Lepadichthys erythraeus Briggs & Link 1963 -- (Dor 1984:54 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:13 [ref. 25356], Briggs 2001:500 [ref. 25236], Craig et al. 2015:117, 121 [ref. 33898], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[6] 244 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:144 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Lepadichthys erythraeus Briggs & Link 1963. Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

erythrops, Gobiesox Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:360 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 237); ref. 2470] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico, in rock pool. Syntypes: USNM 29248 (orig. 2, now 1). Additional specimens: (1). •Valid as Arcos erythrops (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Briggs 1955:84 [ref. 637], Allen & Robertson 1994:85 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:150 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:266 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:172 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34871]). Current status: Valid as Arcos erythrops (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

eugrammus, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1955:100, Fig. 101 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Guadalupe Island, Baja California, Mexico, depth 40-45 fathoms. Holotype: CAS-SU 17402. Paratypes: SIO 50-42 (11); CAS-SU 17403-04 (1, 2). •Valid as Gobiesox eugrammus Briggs 1955 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:109 [ref. 9277], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:351 [ref. 35888], Hastings & Conway 2017:396 [ref. 35062], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox eugrammus Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

euxinica, Diplecogaster bimaculata Murgoci [A. A.] 1964:229, Fig. 1 [Revue Roumaine de Biologie, Série de Zoologie v. 9 (no. 5); ref. 2663] Western Black Sea, Romania. Holotype: MGAB 55. Paratypes: (13) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Hofrichter 1995:138 [ref. 30502], Fricke et al. 2007:100 [ref. 29533]). •Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788), but a valid subspecies euxinica as described -- (Briggs 1973:653 [ref. 7222], Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1354 [ref. 13677], Parin et al. 2015:471 [ref. 33547]). •Valid as Diplecogaster euxinica Murgoci 1964 -- (Fricke et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33962], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2017:210 [ref. 35501], Fricke & Wirtz 2017:6 [ref. 35696]). Current status: Valid as Diplecogaster euxinica Murgoci 1964. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Black Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fasciata, Athaena Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:72 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Greenpoint, South Africa. •Synonym of Chorisochismus dentex (Pallas 1769) -- (Briggs 1955:40 [ref. 637], Briggs 1986:379 [ref. 5643]). Current status: Synonym of Chorisochismus dentex (Pallas 1769). Gobiesocidae: Chorisochisminae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Sicyases Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1859:412 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1859; ref. 18542] Panama. Neotype: USNM 365854. Neotype designated by Williams & Tyler 2003:14 [ref. 27287]. Syntypes originally as ZMB 4113 from Puerto Cabella, Venezuela; original locality questionable -- see Williams & Tyler 2003:14 [ref. 27287]. •Valid as Tomicodon fasciatus (Peters 1859) -- (Briggs 1955:66 [ref. 637], Johnson & Greenfield 1983:46 [ref. 28991] with subspecies, Cervigón 1991:203 [ref. 24472], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Williams & Tyler 2003:12 [ref. 27287], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807] dating to 1860, Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:73 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon fasciatus (Peters 1859). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

fimbriata, Cotylis Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1849:18 [Horae Ichthyologicae No. 3; ref. 3073] Red Sea? [error]. Syntypes: (2) ZMB 2171 (1). See Goren & Dor 1994:13 [ref. 25356]. Type locality probably in error (Dor 1985:54 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Cotylis fimbriata Müller & Troschel 1849 -- (Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:61 [ref. 35264] locality in error). •Perhaps the same as Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870 with a locality as w. Atlantic -- (Briggs 1955:115 [ref. 637]). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

fimbriatus, Gobiesox Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:72 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Camp's Bay, South Africa. No types known. •Synonym of Chorisochismus dentex (Pallas 1769) -- (Briggs 1986:379 [ref. 5643]). Current status: Synonym of Chorisochismus dentex (Pallas 1769). Gobiesocidae: Chorisochisminae. Habitat: marine.

fluviatilis, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] & Miller [R. R.] 1960:2, Pls. 1-2 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 616; ref. 11899] Barranca de Barranquitas below Barranquitas, Jalisco, 69 miles by highway 15 southeast of Tepic, Nayarit, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 177314. Paratypes: ANSP 91025 (1); FMNH 62807 (1); CAS-SU 53206 (1); UBC 59-650 (1); UMMZ 172233 (1), 177315-16 (12, 1); USNM 179686 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:41 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gobiesox fluviatilis Briggs & Miller 1960 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1988 [ref. 19198], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:31 [ref. 22290], Espinosa Pérez & Castro-Aguirre 1996:125 [ref. 21635], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:470 [ref. 24550], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:511 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:387 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2009:11 [ref. 30400], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox fluviatilis Briggs & Miller 1960. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Mountain streams, Pacific Slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

frenatus, Lepadichthys Waite [E. R.] 1904:180, Pl. 24 (fig. 2) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 4561] Lord Howe Island. Syntypes: AMS I.3129 (1), I.6103 (1). •Valid as Lepadichthys frenatus Waite 1904 -- (Briggs 1955:139 [ref. 637], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:342 [ref. 6441], Francis 1993:158 [ref. 25479], Lindberg et al. 1997:192 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:62 [ref. 23977], Johnson 1999:724 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:26 [ref. 25829], Hutchins in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1123 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2000:181 [ref. 25987], Briggs 2001:500 [ref. 25236], Hutchins 2001:3548 [ref. 26291], Nakabo 2002:1123 [ref. 26193], Randall 2005:506 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1575 [ref. 29000], Motomura et al. 2010:200 [ref. 31256], Craig et al. 2015:121 [ref. 33898], Conway et al. 2017:547 [ref. 35580], Conway et al. 2018:97 [ref. 36157], Fujiwara & Motomura 2019:276 [ref. 36505], Yoshigou 2019:196 [ref. 36714]). Current status: Valid as Lepadichthys frenatus Waite 1904. Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Queensland (Australia), Lord Howe and Norfolk islands (Australia), New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

fulvus, Gobiesox Meek [S. E.] 1907:149 [Field Columbian Museum, Zoölogical Series v. 7 (no. 5); ref. 15159] Cocos Island, eastern Pacific. Holotype (unique): FMNH 6035. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:41 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gobiesox fulvus Meek 1907 -- (Briggs 1955:97 [ref. 637], Bussing 1998:250 [ref. 24179], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:511 [ref. 27061], Angulo et al. 2013:994 [ref. 33194], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox fulvus Meek 1907. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Cocos I, eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater.

funebris, Gobiesox Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:95 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Puerto Refugio (Angel Island) and La Paz, Mexico, Gulf of California. Lectotype: USNM 44378. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 20 (9), USNM 124955 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established by Schultz 1944:77 [ref. 3961]. •Valid as Pherallodiscus funebris (Gilbert 1890) -- (Briggs 1955:129 [ref. 637], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:151 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:266 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Gobiesox funebris Gilbert 1890 -- (Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox funebris Gilbert 1890. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

gabonensis, Apletodon Fricke [R.] & Wirtz [P.] 2018:2, Figs. 1-3 [Arquipelago, Life and Marine Sciences v. 36; ref. 36380] Commune d'Akanda, 2.4 km southwest of Cap Esterias, 28 km north-northwest of Libreville, Gabon, eastern Atlantic Ocean, 0°35.641'N, 9°18.431'E, depth 1-2 meters. Holotype: ZSM 47025. Paratypes: HUJ, ZSM. •Valid as Apletodon gabonensis Fricke & Wirtz 2018. Current status: Valid as Apletodon gabonensis Fricke & Wirtz 2018. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Gabon, eastern Atlantic Ocean. Habitat: marine.

gibbosa, Alabes Hutchins [J. B.] & Morrison [S. M.] 2004:151, Fig. 3 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 56 (no. 2); ref. 27776] Bay on eastern side of Carnac Island, 32°07'S, 115°40'E, Western Australia, depth 3-4 meters. Holotype: WAM P.27985-001. Paratypes: WAM P.32206-001 (1), P.32207-001 (1 c&s), P.32208-001 (1), P.32209-001 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:9 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Alabes gibbosa Hutchins & Morrison 2004 -- (Hutchins 2006:26 [ref. 28926], Hoese & Bray 2006:1570 [ref. 29000], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Alabes gibbosa Hutchins & Morrison 2004. Gobiesocidae: Cheilobranchinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

gorgoniphila, Lecanogaster Fricke [R.] & Wirtz [P.] 2017:3, Figs. 1-6 [Archipélago, Life and Marine Sciences v. 35; ref. 35696] Eastern Atlantic Ocean, São Tomé and Principe, São Tomé Island, Santana, 0°14'45"N, 6°44'50"E, depth 30-34 meters. Holotype: ZSM 465550. Paratypes: MNHN, ZSM. •Valid as Lecanogaster gorgoniphila Fricke & Wirtz 2017. Current status: Valid as Lecanogaster gorgoniphila Fricke & Wirtz 2017. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic Ocean: São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

gouani, Lepadogaster Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:693 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. No types known. Originally goüani, but the 'ü' should be treated as a vocal separate from the 'o', spoken 'go-u-an. Name is correctly gouani (R. Fricke, pers. comm., 22 Mar. 2008). •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Lipej & Dulčić 2010:33 [ref. 36649] as gouanii, Parin et al. 2015:472 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

gouanii, Lepadogaster Risso [A.] 1810:72 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Spelled govani in Risso 1827:271 [ref. 3757]. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:34 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222], Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1357 [ref. 13677], Hofrichter 1995:112 [ref. 30502], Parin et al. 2015:472 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

gracilis, Gastrocyathus Briggs [J. C.] 1955:47, Fig. 87 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Island Bay, Wellington, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.1576. Paratypes: NMNZ P.1577 (6); CAS-SU 47674-75 (1, 2). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:9 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Gastrocyathus gracilis Briggs 1955 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:141 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:48 [ref. 24625], Stewart 2015:1547 [ref. 34196]). Current status: Valid as Gastrocyathus gracilis Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Mirbelia Canestrini [G.] 1864:195, Pl. 3 (figs. 7a-c) [Archivio per la Zoologia, l'Anatomia e la Fisiologia v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 714] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Valid as Opeatogenys gracilis (Canestrini 1864) -- (Briggs 1955:24 [ref. 637], Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1358 [ref. 13677], Briggs 1973:656 [ref. 7222], Hofrichter 1995:185 [ref. 30502], Fricke et al. 2007:100 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:33 [ref. 36649], Kovačić & Schembri 2019:289 [ref. 36757]). Current status: Valid as Opeatogenys gracilis (Canestrini 1864). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: adjacent coasts of southern Spain and Portugal. Habitat: marine.

guttulatus, Trachelochismus Hutton [F. W.] 1872:41 [Fishes of New Zealand (Hutton); ref. 2287] Wellingon Harbor, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1873.12.13.89 [ex Colonial Mus.= NMNZ]. Type catalog: Russell 1996:224 [ref. 22562]. •Synonym of Trachelochismus pinnulatus (Forster 1801) -- (Briggs 1955:19 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Trachelochismus pinnulatus (Forster 1801). Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae. Habitat: marine.

gyrinus, Gobiesox Valenciennes [A.] 1841:Pl. 108 (fig. 1) [Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation; ref. 17868] South Africa. No types known. •Synonym of Chorisochismus dentex (Pallas 1769) -- (Briggs 1955:40 [ref. 637], Briggs 1986:379 [ref. 5643]). Current status: Synonym of Chorisochismus dentex (Pallas 1769). Gobiesocidae: Chorisochisminae. Habitat: marine.

gyrinus, Gobiesox Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1898:2331 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2445] South Africa. Appeared as name only in Jordan & Evermann 1896:491 [ref. 2442]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Gobiesox gyrinus Valenciennes 1837; apparently not replaced. •Synonym of Gobiesox punctulatus (Poey 1876) -- (Briggs 1955:106 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox punctulatus (Poey 1876). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

haeres, Gobiesox Jordan [D. S.] & Bollman [C. H.] 1889:552 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 11 (no. 752); ref. 2432] Green Turtle Cay, Bahamas. Holotype (unique): USNM 41733. •Synonym of Gobiesox punctulatus (Poey 1876) -- (Briggs 1955:106 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox punctulatus (Poey 1876). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

hastingsi, Briggsia Craig [M. T.] & Randall [J. E.] 2009:65, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 2271; ref. 30531] Rahah Bay, 16°57'N, 54°49'E, southeastern coast, Oman, Arabian Sea, depth 2 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 36539. •Valid as Briggsia hastingsi Craig & Randall 2009. Current status: Valid as Briggsia hastingsi Craig & Randall 2009. Gobiesocidae: Aspasminae. Distribution: Oman (holotype only). Habitat: marine.

hectoris, Crepidogaster Günther [A.] 1876:396 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 43); ref. 2007] South shore of Cook Strait, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1876.2.12.16. •Valid as Gastroscyphus hectoris (Günther 1876) -- (Briggs 1955:46 [ref. 637], Paulin et al. 1989:141 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:44 [ref. 24625], Stewart 2015:1549 [ref. 34196]). Current status: Valid as Gastroscyphus hectoris (Günther 1876). Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

hieroglyphica, Arbaciosa Evermann [B. W.] & Radcliffe [L.] 1917:155, Pl. 14 (fig. 2) [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 95; ref. 1284] Lobos de Afuera Island, Peru. Holotype: USNM 77561. Paratypes: USNM 77565 (1). •Synonym of Tomicodon chilensis Brisout de Barneville 1846 -- (Briggs 1955:68 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Tomicodon chilensis Brisout de Barneville 1846. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

hildebrandi, Sicyases Schultz [L. P.] 1944:61 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 96 (no. 3187); ref. 3961] Cumberland Bay, Juan Fernández Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 88818. •Synonym of Sicyases brevirostris (Guichenot 1848) -- (Briggs 1955:55 [ref. 637]). •Valid as Sicyases hildebrandi Schultz 1944 -- (Pequeño 1989:41 [ref. 14125]). Current status: Valid as Sicyases hildebrandi Schultz 1944. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Juan Fernández Islands. Habitat: marine.

hoesei, Alabes Springer [V. G.] & Fraser [T. H.] 1976:21, Fig. 14 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 234; ref. 7086] Robe, South Australia. Holotype: AMS I.18470-001 [ex AMS I.9266]. Paratypes: AMS I.17553-017 (1), I.17553-018 (2), I.17615-003 (1), I.18470-002 (5), I.18470-001 (1), ?I.18471-001 (1). •Valid as Alabes hoesei Springer & Fraser 1976 -- (Kuiter 1993:53 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:313 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Hutchins & Morrison 2004:148 [ref. 27776], Hutchins 2006:26 [ref. 28926], Hoese & Bray 2006:1570 [ref. 29000], Hutchins 2008:729 [ref. 30658]). Current status: Valid as Alabes hoesei Springer & Fraser 1976. Gobiesocidae: Cheilobranchinae. Distribution: Southern Australia: New South Wales to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

humeralis, Gobiesox Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:95 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Puerto Refugio (Angel Island) and La Paz, Mexico, Gulf of California. Syntypes (? including lectotype): CAS-SU 70 (now 5); USNM 44374 (1), 48259 (5), 125008 [ex USBF 450] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established (as figured specimen) in Jordan 1896:244 [ref. 2395] if specimen is identifiable (from Puerto Refugio). •Valid as Tomicodon humeralis (Gilbert 1890) -- (Briggs 1955:59 [ref. 637], Szelistowski 1990:504 [ref. 20183], Allen & Robertson 1994:88 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:156 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:261 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon humeralis (Gilbert 1890). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

hutchinsi, Barryichthys Conway [K. W.], Moore [G. I.] & Summers [A. P.] 2019:39, Figs. 2A, 3A-C, 4A, 5A, 6-9A, 9C-D, 10-11 [ZooKeys No. 864; ref. 36823] Cottesloe Reef platform, Perth, Western Australia, 31°59'00.0"S, 115°45'00.0"E. Holotype: WAM P.28981-004. Paratypes: WAM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Barryichthys hutchinsi Conway, Moore & Summers 2019. Current status: Valid as Barryichthys hutchinsi Conway, Moore & Summers 2019. Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: Western and southern Australia. Habitat: marine.

hutchinsi, Posidonichthys Briggs [J. C.] 1993:198, Figs. 1-4 [Copeia 1993 (no. 1); ref. 20315] Fiddler's Bay, 16 kilometers south of Tamby Bay, South Australia. Holotype: AMS I.17615-002. Paratypes: AMS I.17615-009 (1), I.20177-005 (2). •Valid as Posidonichthys hutchinsi Briggs 1993 -- (Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1576 [ref. 29000], Hutchins 2008:741 [ref. 30658], Conway et al. 2017:139 [ref. 35266], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Posidonichthys hutchinsi Briggs 1993. Gobiesocidae: Aspasminae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

incognitus, Apletodon Hofrichter [R.] & Patzner [R. A.] 1997:16, Figs. 1-7 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 77 (no. 1); ref. 23741] Banyuls-sur-Mer, France [Mediterranean Sea], depth 2 meters, in mussel shell. Holotype: NMW 93029. Paratypes: NMW 93030 (10). Plus non-type material. Previously described as Apletodon incognitus sp. nov. [Hofrichter 1995] in an unpublished dissertation -- (Hofrichter 1995:84 [ref. 30502]). •Valid as Apletodon incognitus Hofrichter & Patzner 1997 -- (Fricke 2007:69 [ref. 29022], Fricke et al. 2010:96 [ref. 30711], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:32 [ref. 36649], Fricke et al. in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2809 [ref. 34618], Fricke & Wirtz 2018:6 [ref. 36380], Kovačić & Schembri 2019:288 [ref. 36757]). Current status: Valid as Apletodon incognitus Hofrichter & Patzner 1997. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Galicia (Spain) to Morocco including Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

incus, Flexor Conway [K. W.], Stewart [A. L.] & Summers [A. P.] 2018:78, Figs. 1-10 [ZooKeys No. 786; ref. 36157] Fishing Rock Landing, Raoul Island, Kermadec Islands, New Zealand, 29°15'03.0"S, 177°54'12.0"W, depth 0-1 meter. Holotype: NMNZ P.060717. Paratypes: AIM, AMS, NMNZ. •Valid as Flexor incus Conway, Stewart & Summers 2018. Current status: Valid as Flexor incus Conway, Stewart & Summers 2018. Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: Kermadec Islands, New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Crepidogaster Weber [M.] 1913:525, Fig. 111 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Sanana Island, Sula Islands. Lectotype: ZMA 104183. Paralectotypes: ZMA (2, perhaps lost), ZMA 104168 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:63 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Briggs 1955:45 [ref. 637]. ZMA 104168 (1) is a paralectotype of indicus and the holotype of Lepadichthys minor. •Valid as Lepadichthys indicus (Weber 1913) -- (Shinohara et al. 2000:181 [ref. 25987], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624]). •Valid as Pherallodus indicus (Weber 1913) -- (Briggs 1955:44 [ref. 637], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:341 [ref. 6441], Lindberg et al. 1997:191 [ref. 23547], Randall 1999:26 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:1121 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:3548 [ref. 26291], Nakabo 2002:1121 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:506 [ref. 28239], Motomura et al. 2010:200 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:842 [ref. 31980], Yoshigou 2019:198 [ref. 36714]). Current status: Valid as Pherallodus indicus (Weber 1913). Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Indonesia east to Pitcairn Island, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.

interorbitalis, Volgiolus Whitley [G. P.] 1943:141 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 68 (pts 3-4) (nos. 307-308); ref. 4702] Albany, King George Sound, Western Australia. Syntypes: AMS IA.677 (2); holotype designated but unclear which is the holotype. •Synonym of Aspasmogaster tasmaniensis (Günther 1861) -- (Briggs 1955:50 [ref. 637], Hoese & Bray 2006:1572 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Aspasmogaster tasmaniensis (Günther 1861). Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Habitat: marine.

japonica, Kopua Moore [G. I.], Hutchins [J. B.] & Okamoto [M.] 2012:35, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 3380; ref. 32042] East China Sea, 30°06'N, 127°39'E, depth 225-228 meters. Holotype (unique): NSMT-P 106831. •Valid as Kopua japonica Moore, Hutchins & Okamoto 2012 -- (Okamoto & Todate 2014:179 [ref. 33658], Shinohara & Katayama 2015:436 [6] [ref. 33677], Fujiwara et al. 2018:[2] [ref. 35951]). Current status: Valid as Kopua japonica Moore, Hutchins & Okamoto 2012. Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae. Distribution: East China Sea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

juniperoserrai, Gobiesox Espinosa Pérez [H.] & Castro-Aguirre [J. L.] 1996:121, Figs 1-2 [Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences v. 95 (no. 3); ref. 21635] Pozas del Vado creek, near Pocitas, southwest of Sierra le Giganta, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Holotype: IBUNAM-P 7606. Paratypes: IBUNAM-P 7607 (2, c&s). Not treated by Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003 [ref. 27061]. •Valid as Gobiesox juniperoserrai Espinosa Pérez & Castro-Aguirre 1996 -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:470 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:388 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2009:11 [ref. 30400], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox juniperoserrai Espinosa Pérez & Castro-Aguirre 1996. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Arroyo Las Pocitas, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

juradoensis, Gobiesox Fowler [H. W.] 1944:247, Figs. 24-25 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 96; ref. 1452] Río Juradó, Chocó Province, Colombia, elevation 600 feet. Holotype: ANSP 71451. Paratypes: ANSP 71452-65 (14), CAS-SU 17394 [ex ANSP 71466] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Gobiesox juradoensis Fowler 1944 -- (Briggs 1955:96 [ref. 637], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:511 [ref. 27061], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox juradoensis Fowler 1944. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: (Pacific slope) Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

jussieui, Lepadogaster Risso [A.] 1827:273 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Villefranche, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810 -- (Briggs 1955:38 [ref. 637] as candollei, Briggs 1973:655 [ref. 7222] as candollei, Hofrichter 1995:124 [ref. 30502] as candollei). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

knysnaensis, Apletodon Smith [J. L. B.] 1964:590, Pls. 93, 96, 97 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 30; ref. 3493] Knysna, Cape Province, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 315. Paratypes: BMNH 1964.8.6.36-37 [ex SAIAB [formerly RUSI]] (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 325 (1), 974-979 (3, 2, 4, 3, 3, 3); USNM 198169 (1). •Synonym of Apletodon pellegrini (Chabanaud 1925) -- (Briggs 1973:651 [ref. 7222], Briggs 1986:379 [ref. 5643], Hofrichter 1995:171 [ref. 30502], Fricke et al. 2010:96 [ref. 30711]). Current status: Synonym of Apletodon pellegrini (Chabanaud 1925). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

kremnobates, Derilissus Fraser [T. H.] 1970:38, Figs. 1-4 [Copeia 1970 (no. 1); ref. 7737] Arrowsmith Bank, Caribbean Sea, 21°05'N, 86°23'W, depth 80-145 fathoms. Holotype: ANSP 109625. Paratypes: UF 224469 [ex UMML 24469] (1, c&s), 224470 [ex UMML 24470] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Derilissus kremnobates Fraser 1970 -- (Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:167 [ref. 27754], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Sparks & Gruber 2012:251 [ref. 32056], Page et al. 2013:172 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Derilissus kremnobates Fraser 1970. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Arrowsmith Bank, Caribbean. Habitat: marine.

kuiteri, Kopua Hutchins [J. B.] 1991:464, Figs. 1a, 2-3 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 19050] Off Bermagui, 36°25'S, 150°04'E, New South Wales, Australia, depth 92-110 meters. Holotype (unique): AMS I.22886-001. •Valid as Kopua kuiteri Hutchins 1991 -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1575 [ref. 29000], Hutchins 2008:738 [ref. 30658], Moore et al. 2012:34 [ref. 32042], Shinohara & Katayama 2015:436 [6] [ref. 33677], Fujiwara et al. 2018:[10] [ref. 35951]). Current status: Valid as Kopua kuiteri Hutchins 1991. Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia, New South Wales and Victoria [probably all of south coast]. Habitat: marine.

lanceolatus, Gobiesox Hastings [P. A.] & Conway [K. W.] 2017:393, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 4221 (no. 3); ref. 35062] Los Frailes submarine canyon, just south of Punta Los Frailes, Baja California, Gulf of California, Mexico, approx. 23°22.3'N, 109°25.0'W, depth 300 meters. Holotype (unique): SIO 65-34. •Valid as Gobiesox lanceolatus Hastings & Conway 2017 -- (Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox lanceolatus Hastings & Conway 2017. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Los Frailes submarine canyon, Gulf of California, Mexico. Habitat: marine.

lanthanum, Acyrtus Conway [K. W.], Baldwin [C. C.] & White [M. D.] 2014:3, Figs. 1, 2, 3A, 4A&G, 5A, 6A&D, 8C [PLoS ONE v. 9 (no. 5): e97664; ref. 33313] Caribbean Sea, Glovers Reef, near mouth of Middle Cay, between Middle and Long Cays, Belize, depth 7 meters. Holotype: FMNH 84325. Paratypes: FMNH, USNM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Acyrtus lanthanum Conway, Baldwin & White 2014 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:103 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Acyrtus lanthanum Conway, Baldwin & White 2014. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Belize and Bahamas. Habitat: marine.

laticephala, Aspasma Tanaka [S.] 1909:25 [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 27 (art. 8); ref. 4322] Kozu Island, Seven Islands of Izu, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 2158 (lost). •Valid as Conidens laticephalus (Tanaka 1909) -- (Briggs 1955:17 [ref. 637], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:341 [ref. 6441], Lindberg et al. 1997:191 [ref. 23547], Hutchins in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1121 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2000:181 [ref. 25987], Nakabo 2002:1121 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Motomura et al. 2010:200 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:839 [ref. 31980], Motomura et al. 2015:29 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:16 [ref. 35354]). Current status: Valid as Conidens laticephalus (Tanaka 1909). Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Taiwan and southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

latirostris, Lepadogaster Costa [O. G.] 1840:Lepadogaster p. 4 [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Published 3 Jan 1840. •Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:29 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:652 [ref. 7222], Fricke et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33962]). Current status: Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lavettsmithi, Tomicodon Williams [J. T.] & Tyler [J. C.] 2003:14, Figs. 1 and 7-8 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 621; ref. 27287] Beach at northeastern end of Co-Cat Cay, 16°40.29N, 88°11.85'W, Pelican Cays, Belize, depth 0.5-1 meters. Holotype: USNM 365813. Paratypes: FMNH 93754 (1), 93759 (3); USNM 276185 (2), 364369 (4), 365862 (10). •Valid as Tomicodon lavettsmithi Williams & Tyler 2003 -- (Lobel & Lobel 2011:50 [ref. 31774]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon lavettsmithi Williams & Tyler 2003. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Belize. Habitat: marine.

lepadogaster, Cyclopterus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:490 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. No types known. Perhaps independent of Cyclopterus lepadogaster [lepodogaster] Bonnaterre 1788 and therefore available. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:34 [ref. 637], Hofrichter 1995:112 [ref. 30502]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lepodogaster, Cyclopterus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Goüan) 1788:29, Pl. 86 (fig. 356) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Montpellier, Languedoc-Roussillon Region, France, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Originally spelled lepodogaster (spelling error), but treated (perhaps incorrectly) by authors as lepadogaster; continuation of current usage is suggested. Based on Lepadogaster of Goüan 1770:106 [ref. 1863]. Misspelled lepidogaster by Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Graells 1887:181 [ref. 30438]. •Valid as Lepadogaster lepadogaster subspecies lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:57 [ref. 26753]). •Valid as Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:34 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222], Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1357 [ref. 13677], Briggs 1990:475 [ref. 15498], Hofrichter 1995:111 [ref. 30502], Henriques et al. 2002:334 [ref. 26172], Almada et al. 2008:1154 [ref. 29550], Fricke et al. 2007:100 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:136 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:174 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:33 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2015:472 [ref. 33547], Fricke et al. in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2809 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

leurodiscus, Tomicodon Williams [J. T.] & Tyler [J. C.] 2003:17, Fig. 9 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 621; ref. 27287] About 1 meter north of Speyside in Brisant Bay, 11°18'52"N, 60°31'12"W, Tobago, depth 12 meters. Holotype: USNM 319751. Paratypes: USNM 319752 (2). •Valid as Tomicodon leurodiscus Williams & Tyler 2003. Current status: Valid as Tomicodon leurodiscus Williams & Tyler 2003. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

lineatum, Crepidogaster Sauvage [H.-E.] 1883:158 [15] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 7; ref. 3897] New Caledonia, southwestern Pacific. Holotype: MNHN 0089-0902. On p. 15 of separate. •Valid as Diademichthys lineatus (Sauvage 1883) -- (Briggs 1955:141 [ref. 637], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:342 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:38 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:56 [ref. 15987], Randall 1995:349 [ref. 22896], Lindberg et al. 1997:192 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:62 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:46 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:56 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:111 [ref. 24106], Hutchins in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1123 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:133 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:96 [ref. 25868], Briggs 2001:500 [ref. 25236], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Hutchins 2001:3548 [ref. 26291], Nakabo 2002:1123 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S99 [ref. 27377], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:171 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:119 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:505 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1574 [ref. 29000], Allen & Erdmann 2012:839 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:153 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Diademichthys lineatus (Sauvage 1883). Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Oman, Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Fiji and Tonga, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Lepadichthys Briggs [J. C.] 1966:37, Fig. 1 [Bulletin, Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Fisheries, Sea Fisheries Research Station Haifa No. 42; ref. 17959] Eilat, Israel, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Holotype: CAS-SU 62701. Paratypes: TAU [= SMNHTAU] P.2737 (1, poor condition). East Indian records are probably misidentifications of L. lineatus [ref. 31980]. •Valid as Discotrema lineata [should be lineatum] (Briggs 1966) -- (Nakabo 2000:1123 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Hutchins 2001:3548 [ref. 26291], Nakabo 2002:1123 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830] as lineatum, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S99 [ref. 27377], Shibukawa 2009:254 [ref. 30449]). •Valid as Lepadichthys lineatus Briggs 1966 -- (Dor 1984:54 [ref. 29757], Briggs 1986:380 [ref. 5643], Goren & Dor 1994:13 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:349 [ref. 22896], Briggs 2001:499 [ref. 25236], Craig & Randall 2008:73 [ref. 29543], Allen & Erdmann 2012:839 [ref. 31980], Craig et al. 2015:122 [ref. 33898], Golani & Fricke 2018:144 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lepadichthys lineatus Briggs 1966. Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Socotra, Myanmar, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Lepadogaster Guichenot [A.] 1850:110, Pl. 6 (fig. 3) [Histoire naturelle des reptiles et poissons; ref. 1940] Algeria, western Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-4963. •Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:29 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:652 [ref. 7222]). •Synonym of Apletodon dentatus (Facciolà 1887) -- (Hofrichter 1995:145 [ref. 30502]). Current status: Synonym of Apletodon dentatus (Facciolà 1887). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

liorhynchus, Aspasmogaster Briggs [J. C.] 1955:51 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Coogee, near Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA 695. Paratypes: AMS I.23612-001 [ex IA 695] (7), I.23612-002 (7); CAS-SU 47664 (2) 47665 (7, 1 c&s), ?48030 (1). Specific name is a noun. •Valid as Aspasmogaster liorhynchus Briggs 1955 (often seen as liorhyncha) -- (Kuiter 1993:57 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:315 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1571 [ref. 29000], Hutchins 2008:732 [ref. 30658], Conway et al. 2018:92 [ref. 36157]). Current status: Valid as Aspasmogaster liorhynchus Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: Southern Australia: New South Wales to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

listellus, Lepadogaster Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 113 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Italy. No types known. Available as above with brief description. •Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:29 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:652 [ref. 7222], Hofrichter 1995:138 [ref. 30502], Fricke et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33962]). Current status: Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

littoreus, Cyclopterus Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:199 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] New Zealand. No types known. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •Valid as Haplocylix littoreus (Forster 1801) -- (Briggs 1955:21 [ref. 637], Paulin et al. 1989:141 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:42 [ref. 24625], Stewart 2015:1550 [ref. 34196], Conway et al. 2017:547 [ref. 35580]). Current status: Valid as Haplocylix littoreus (Forster 1801). Gobiesocidae: Haplocylicinae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

lombardii, Derilissus Sparks [J. S.] & Gruber [D. F.] 2012:251, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 2012 (no. 2); ref. 32056] Bock Wall, 23°49'55.2"N, 76°09'10.44"W, Exumas, Bahamas, depth about 87 meters, at pressure 286 fsw. Holotype (unique): AMNH 251906. •Valid as Derilissus lombardii Sparks & Gruber 2012. Current status: Valid as Derilissus lombardii Sparks & Gruber 2012. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Exumas, Bahamas. Habitat: marine.

longipterus, Propherallodus Fujiwara [K.] & Motomura [H.] 2018:[9], Figs. 4c-d, 5b, 6d-f, 7 [Ichthyological Research v. 66 (no. 1); ref. 36420] Off Itbayat Island, West Coast of Batanes, Philippines, 20°48'N, 121°50'E, depth 0 - 4.6 meters. Holotype: ANSP 163524. Paratypes: KAUM-I, USNM. •Valid as Propherallodus longipterus Fujiwara & Motomura 2018. Current status: Valid as Propherallodus longipterus Fujiwara & Motomura 2018. Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

lucayanus, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1963:604, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1963 (no. 4); ref. 4252] 5 miles west of Nassau, New Providence Island, Bahamas. Holotype: UF 5898. Paratypes: ANSP 72200 (1), 81322 (2), 81323 (1, larva), 81324 (1); UF 5899 (1), 9059 (3). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:113 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Gobiesox lucayanus Briggs 1963 -- (Collette et al. 2003:101 [ref. 26784], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox lucayanus Briggs 1963. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas. Habitat: marine.

lusheri, Lissonanchus Smith [J. L. B.] 1966:642, Fig. 1; Pl. 19 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 8 (no. 95) (for 1965); ref. 4138] Reef at Ponte Zavora, southern Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 342. Named after Mrs. D. N. Lusher, therefore mandatory correction to lusherae. •Valid as Lissonanchus lusheri Smith 1966 -- (Briggs 1986:380 [ref. 5643]). •Valid as Lissonanchus lusherae Smith 1966. Current status: Valid as Lissonanchus lusherae Smith 1966. Gobiesocidae: Aspasminae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmus, Gobiesox Günther [A.] 1861:502 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] No locality [probably West Indies]. Lectotype: BMNH 1861.8.14.42. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1861.8.14.43 (1) though to be rubiginosus. See the account of Arcos nudus (Linnaeus 1758). Lectotype selected by Briggs 1955:86 [ref. 637] (from Kevin Conway. Oct. 2, 2013). •Valid as Arcos macrophthalmus (Günther 1861) -- (Briggs 1955:85 [ref. 637], ?Grove & Lavenberg 1997:241 [ref. 24023], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:172 [ref. 32708]). •Synonym of Arcos nudus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Fernholm 1978:148 [ref. 31804], Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:271 [ref. 20707], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:73 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Synonym of Arcos nudus (Linnaeus 1758). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: West Indies (if valid). Habitat: marine.

macrurus, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1951:70, Figs. 5-6 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] About 100 yards south of Punta Penasco, Sonora, Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 16419. Paratypes: ANSP 91021 [ex CAS-SU 16420] (1); CAS-SU 16420-21 (81, 23); USNM 112754 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Pherallodiscus funebris (Gilbert 1890) -- (Briggs 1955:129 [ref. 637]). •Synonym of Gobiesox funebris Gilbert 1890. Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox funebris Gilbert 1890. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Lepadogaster Guichenot [A.] 1850:109, Pl. 6 (fig. 4) [Histoire naturelle des reptiles et poissons; ref. 1940] Algeria, western Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: MNHN A-4961. •Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:29 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:652 [ref. 7222]). •Synonym of Apletodon dentatus (Facciolà 1887) -- (Hofrichter 1995:145 [ref. 30502]). Current status: Synonym of Apletodon dentatus (Facciolà 1887). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

maeandricus, Lepadogaster Girard [C. F.] 1858:130 [General report upon zoology of the several Pacific railroad routes, 1857; ref. 4911] San Luis Obispo, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: ?USNM 516 to 518 (1, 1, 1). Replacement name for Lepadogaster reticulatus Girard 1854, preoccupied by Lepadogaster reticulatus Risso 1810. •Valid as Gobiesox maeandricus (Girard 1858) -- (Briggs 1955:101 [ref. 637], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:109 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:230 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:228 [ref. 14674], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:798 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:66 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:300 [ref. 35888], Hastings & Conway 2017:396 [ref. 35062] as meandricus, Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox maeandricus (Girard 1858). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southeastern Alaska to Central Baja California. Habitat: marine.

marijeanae, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1960:215, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1960 (no. 3); ref. 11898] San Juanito Island, Tres Marias Islands, eastern Pacific. Holotype: UBC 59-270 (54 mm). Paratypes: ANSP 90849 (1), FMNH 62806 (1), CAS-SU 53184 (1), UBC 59-270 (5), UMMZ 175894 (1), USNM 179685 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:41 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gobiesox marijeanae Briggs 1960 -- (Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Erisman et al. 2011:34 [ref. 31460], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox marijeanae Briggs 1960. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Islas Marías archipelago endemic. Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Gobiesox Jenyns [L.] 1842:140, Pl. 27 (figs. 1, 1a, 1b) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Off Lemuy Island, Chiloé Archipelago, Chile. Syntypes: BMNH 1917.7.14.71-72 (2). •Valid as Gobiesox marmoratus Jenyns 1842 -- (Briggs 1955:98 [ref. 637], Pequeño 1989:41 [ref. 14125], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:156 [ref. 24555], Dyer & Westneat 2010:601 [ref. 31446], Nión et al. 2016:52 [ref. 35565], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox marmoratus Jenyns 1842. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic and southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

megalops, Diplecogaster Briggs [J. C.] 1955:31, Fig. 84 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Off Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 120 fathoms. Holotype: ZMUC P9031. Paratypes: CAS-SU 18734 (1), ZMUC P9032-33 (2). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:85 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Diplecogaster megalops Briggs 1955 -- (Briggs 1986:379 [ref. 5643], Hofrichter 1995:151 [ref. 30502], Hofrichter & Patzner 1997:21 [ref. 23741], Fricke et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33962] once as melagops, Bilecenoğlu et al. 2017:210 [ref. 35501], Fricke & Wirtz 2017:6 [ref. 35696]). Current status: Valid as Diplecogaster megalops Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa. Habitat: marine.

melobesia, Trachelochismus Phillipps [W. J.] 1927:130, Pl. 5 (fig. 5) [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 58 (pts 1-2); ref. 15816] Tidepools at Makara, near Wellington, New Zealand. Syntypes: (many) NMNZ P.335 (9). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:9 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Trachelochismus melobesia Phillipps 1927 -- (Briggs 1955:20 [ref. 637], Paulin et al. 1989:142 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:49 [ref. 24625], Stewart 2015:1554 [ref. 34196], Conway et al. 2017:547 [ref. 35580]). Current status: Valid as Trachelochismus melobesia Phillipps 1927. Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

mendeleevi, Lepadicyathus Prokofiev [A. M.] 2005:560 [Engl. p. 547], Figs. 1-2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 45 (no. 4); ref. 28327] Papua New Guinea, near village of Bongu, Madang Province, 1 meter depth. Holotype: ZIN 53413. Paratypes: ZIN 53413a (1). •Valid as Lepadicyathus mendeleevi Prokofiev 2005 -- (Prokofiev 2007:181 [ref. 33925], Fricke et al. 2016:[12] [ref. 34962]). Current status: Valid as Lepadicyathus mendeleevi Prokofiev 2005. Gobiesocidae: Protogobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Pacific Ocean: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

meshimaensis, Pherallodichthys Shiogaki [M.] & Dotsu [Y.] 1983:115, Figs. 4-5 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 30 (no. 2); ref. 5396] Off western coast of Kyushu, Danjo Island, Meshima, Japan. Holotype: NSMT-P 46752 [ex FNU 100011]. Paratypes: FNU 100012 (1), NSMT-P 46753 [ex FNU 100013] (1, c&s). •Valid as Pherallodichthys meshimaensis Shiogaki & Dotsu 1983 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:342 [ref. 6441], Lindberg et al. 1997:191 [ref. 23547], Nakabo 2000:1122 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1122 [ref. 26193], Motomura et al. 2015:29 [ref. 34709]). Current status: Valid as Pherallodichthys meshimaensis Shiogaki & Dotsu 1983. Gobiesocidae: Aspasminae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

mexicanus, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] & Miller [R. R.] 1960:7, Pls. 2-3 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 616; ref. 11899] Río Coyuquilla, 60 miles by road southeast of Zihuatenejo, Guerrero, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 177318. Paratypes: ANSP 91026 (1); FMNH 62808 (1); CAS-SU 53205 (1); UBC 59-651 (1); UMMZ 177317 (2), 177319-21 (3); USNM 179687 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:41 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gobiesox mexicanus Briggs & Miller 1960 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:31 [ref. 22290], Espinosa Pérez & Castro-Aguirre 1996:125 [ref. 21635], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:471 [ref. 24550], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:511 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:388 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2009:11 [ref. 30400], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox mexicanus Briggs & Miller 1960. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Pacific Slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

microcephalus, Lepadogaster Brook [G.] 1890:166, Pl. 7 (figs. 1-4) [Proceedings of the Royal Physical Society of Edinburgh. v. 10; ref. 17286] West coast of Scotland. No types known. •Valid as Apletodon microcephalus (Brook 1890) -- (Briggs 1955:26 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:651 [ref. 7222]). •Synonym of Apletodon dentatus (Facciolà 1887) -- (Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1352 [ref. 13677], Hofrichter 1995:159 [ref. 30502], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:56 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2010:96 [ref. 30711]). Current status: Synonym of Apletodon dentatus (Facciolà 1887). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

microspilus, Gobiesox Fowler [H. W.] 1916:412, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 68; ref. 15056] Panama. Holotype (unique): ANSP 45213. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Gobiesox papillifer Gilbert 1890, but a valid subspecies -- (Briggs 1955:124 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox papillifer Gilbert 1890. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

milleri, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1955:119, Fig. 107 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Cabello Island, Gulf of Nicoya, Costa Rica. Holotype: UMMZ 162460. Paratypes: CAS-SU 17396 [ex NYZS 28325] (1), 17397 [ex NYZS] (1, c&s); SIO 15-626 (1) (ex UCLA W54-48), 15-2404 (1) (ex UCLA W54-174). •Valid as Gobiesox milleri Briggs 1955 -- (Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox milleri Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Costa Rica. Habitat: marine.

minimus, Lepadogaster Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1887:270 [14] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 53 (1. abth.); ref. 4249] Sagami Bay, Japan, depth 100-150 fathoms. Syntypes: (several) NMW 76995 (2). •Valid as Aspasma minima (Döderlein 1887) -- (Briggs 1955:135 [ref. 637], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:341 [ref. 6441], Lindberg et al. 1997:192 [ref. 23547], Hutchins in Randall & Lim 2000:598 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Aspasma minima (Döderlein 1887) -- (Nakabo 2000:1122 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1122 [ref. 26193]). Current status: Valid as Aspasma minima (Döderlein 1887). Gobiesocidae: Aspasminae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

minimus, Modicus Hardy [G. S.] 1983:865, Figs. 1-4 [Copeia 1983 (no. 4); ref. 5339] Channel between southern Rangitoto Island and D'Urville Island, New Zealand, depth 59-64 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.11971. Paratypes: AMS I.22970-001 [ex NMNZ P.8059] (1); ANSP 149546 (1); BMNH 1982.6.17.55 (1); NMNZ P.1940 (1), P.7308 (3, 2 c&s), P.8055 (1), P.8057 (1), P.8067 (2, 1 c&s), P.8068 (5, 3 c&s), P.11968 (4), P.11969 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:9 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Modicus minimus Hardy 1983 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:142 [ref. 24556], Stewart 2015:1552 [ref. 34196]). Current status: Valid as Modicus minimus Hardy 1983. Gobiesocidae: Aspasminae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

minor, Lepadichthys Briggs [J. C.] 1955:137, Fig. 113 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Muaras Reef [Indonesia], Sulawesi Sea, western Pacific. Holotype: ZMA 104162. Paratypes: AMS IA.832 (1), ANSP 51054-55 (2), RMNH uncat. (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:64 [ref. 19236], Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. The holotype is also a paralectotype of Crepidogaster indicus Weber 1913. •Valid as Lepadichthys minor Briggs 1955 -- (Myers 1999:230 [ref. 23965], Briggs 2001:500 [ref. 25236], Hutchins 2001:3548 [ref. 26291], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:506 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2009:97 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:841 [ref. 31980], Craig et al. 2015:122 [ref. 33898]). Current status: Valid as Lepadichthys minor Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Réunion (western Mascarenes); Indonesia to Cook Islands, Samoa, south to New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

minuta, Arbaciosa Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1928:928, Pl. 92 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 15 (publ. 249); ref. 2964] Colón, (Atlantic) Panama. Holotype (unique): USNM 81523. •Synonym of Tomicodon fasciatus (Peters 1859) -- (Briggs 1955:66 [ref. 637], Williams & Tyler 2003:12 [ref. 27287]) Current status: Synonym of Tomicodon fasciatus (Peters 1859). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: (Atlantic) Panama. Habitat: marine.

mirbeli, Lepadogaster Risso [A.] 1820:249 [Journal de Physique, de Chimie et d'Histoire Naturelle v. 91; ref. 18636] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:29 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:652 [ref. 7222], Hofrichter 1995:138 [ref. 30502], Fricke et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33962]). Current status: Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

misakia, Aspasma Tanaka [S.] 1908:22 [Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses v. 7 (pt 1); ref. 14423] Near Misaki, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 1981 [not 1781]. Paratypes: ZUMT (1, lost). •Synonym of Lepadichthys frenatus Waite 1904 -- (Briggs 1955:139 [ref. 637], Lindberg et al. 1997:197 [ref. 23547]). •Valid as Lepadichthys misakius (Tanaka 1908) -- (Fujiwara & Motomura 2019:279 [ref. 36505]). Current status: Valid as Lepadichthys misakius (Tanaka 1908). Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Vietnam; Taiwan north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands. Habitat: marine.

monogrammum, Discotrema Craig [M. T.] & Randall [J. E.] 2008:70, Fig. 1 [Copeia 2008 (no. 1); ref. 29543] Kimbe Bay, patch reef, from crinoid, New Britain, Papua New Guinea (from a crinoid), depth 4 meters. Holotype: BPBM 39040. Paratypes: BPBM 36504 (2), 36899 (2), 40504 (1); SIO 06-104 (1); USNM 387213 (2). •Valid as Discotrema monogrammum Craig & Randall 2008 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:840 [ref. 31980], Fricke 2014:40 [ref. 33595], Fricke et al. 2014:153 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Discotrema monogrammum Craig & Randall 2008. Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Christmas Island, Indonesia, east to Philippines and Papua New Guinea and south to Australia. Habitat: marine.

morelandi, Dellichthys Briggs [J. C.] 1955:14, Fig. 82 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Lottin Point, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.1574. Paratypes: AMS I.14847 (4), NMNZ P.1575 (4), CAS-SU 47672 (4), ? CAS-SU 48018 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:9 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Dellichthys morelandi Briggs 1955 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:142 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:51 [ref. 24625], Stewart 2015:1545 [ref. 34196], Conway et al. 2017:547 [ref. 35580], Conway et al. 2018:77 [ref. 35826]). Current status: Valid as Dellichthys morelandi Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

multitentaculum, Cotylis Briggs [J. C.] 1951:80 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Off coast just north of Paita, Peru. Holotype: USNM 107142. Paratypes: USNM 88822-23 (1, 1). •Valid as Gobiesox multitentaculus (Briggs 1951) -- (Briggs 1955:121 [ref. 637], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:156 [ref. 24555], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:511 [ref. 27061], Barriga S. 2014:117 [ref. 35745], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox multitentaculus (Briggs 1951). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Pacific drainages of Ecuador and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

muscarum, Gobiesox Meek [S. E.] & Pierson [C. J.] 1895:571 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 10935] Monterey Bay, California, U.S.A., depth 8 fathoms. Holotype: CAS-SU 3030. Paratypes: USNM 48875 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Rimicola muscarum (Meek & Pierson 1895) -- (Briggs 1955:80 [ref. 637], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:110 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:232 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:228 [ref. 14674], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:799 [ref. 25968], Briggs 2002:442 [ref. 26018], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:302 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Rimicola muscarum (Meek & Pierson 1895). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

myersi, Tomicodon Briggs [J. C.] 1955:60, Fig. 88 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Southwestern end of San Lucas Bay, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 47688. Paratypes: CAS-SU 47689 (5, now 4), 47690 (3), 67331 [ex 47689] (1, c&s). •Valid as Tomicodon myersi Briggs 1955 -- (Szelistowski 1990:504 [ref. 20183], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:157 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:263 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon myersi Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nanus, Derilissus Briggs [J. C.] 1969:333, Fig. 3 [Copeia 1969 (no. 2); ref. 639] Off West Plana Cay, Bahamas, depth 48-51 meters. Holotype: UF 15932. Paratypes: UF 13372 (to be 4, now 8, 1 c&s), 13373 (1) [specimens evidentlynot sent to USNM, BMNH, ANSP, and SU.] Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:113 [ref. 21035]. Four types from UF 13372 were to have been distributed to USNM, BMNH, ANSP and SU but that was not done. •Valid as Derilissus nanus Briggs 1969 -- (Fraser 1970:42 [ref. 7737], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Sparks & Gruber 2012:251 [ref. 32056]). Current status: Valid as Derilissus nanus Briggs 1969. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas. Habitat: marine.

natator, Lepadogaster Risso [A.] 1820:248 [Journal de Physique, de Chimie et d'Histoire Naturelle v. 91; ref. 18636] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:34 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222], Hofrichter 1995:112 [ref. 30502]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nicensis, Rupisuga Swainson [W.] 1839:339 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] No types known. Based on Risso, pl. 4. fig. 10. Unneeded new name for Gouania willdenowi (Risso 1810). •Objective synonym of Gouania willdenowi (Risso 1810) -- (Briggs 1955:23 [ref. 637] as wildenowi, Briggs 1973:653 [ref. 7222], Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1355 [ref. 13677] as wildenowi, Hofrichter 1995:103 [ref. 30502] as wildenowi). Current status: Synonym of Gouania willdenowi (Risso 1810). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

nigricans, Gobiesox Philippi [R. A.] in Delfin 1899:122 [Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (Santiago) v. 3; ref. 17394] Not available as above; no distinguishing features provided; from Chonos I., off sw. coast of Chile. •In the synonymy of Gobiesox marmoratus Jenyns 1842 -- (Briggs 1955:99 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox marmoratus Jenyns 1842. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae.

nigripinnis, Cotylis Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1859:412 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1859; ref. 18542] Puerto Cabello, Venezuela. Syntypes: ZMB 2172 (1). •Valid as Gobiesox nigripinnis (Peters 1859) -- (Briggs 1955:104 [ref. 637], Cervigón 1991:201 [ref. 24472], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:73 [ref. 33341], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox nigripinnis (Peters 1859). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

nigrum, Unguitrema Fricke [R.] 2014:37, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 13; ref. 33595] Madang Province, Madang District, Madang Lagoon, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: NTUM 10603. Paratypes: MNHN 2015-0142 (1). •Valid as Unguitrema nigrum Fricke 2014. Current status: Valid as Unguitrema nigrum Fricke 2014. Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

nitidus, Lepadogaster Macquart [P. J. M.] 1826:333 [Recueil des Travaux de la Société des sciences, de l'agriculture et des arts, de Lille 1825; ref. 18461] Briggs 1955:29 [ref. 637] lists a Lepadogaster nitidus Macquart 1826:333 to the reference above and places it with question in the synonymy of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788). The original genus was Leptogaster, and examination of the reference (not seen by Briggs) shows it to be an insect and not a fish. Not a fish. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae.

norvegicus, Lepadogaster Düben [M. W. von] 1845:112 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 1 (1844); ref. 17421] Norway. No types known. Reidentified as Lepadogaster bimaculatus Pennant in Düben & Koren 1846:11 [ref. 21662]. •Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:29 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:652 [ref. 7222], Hofrichter 1995:138 [ref. 30502], Fricke et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33962]). Current status: Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nudus, Cyclopterus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:260 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Caribbean Sea. Syntypes: NRM 92 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:270-271 [ref. 20707]. See Fernholm 1978:146, figs. [ref. 31804]. Type locality erroneously given as 'India' in original description. Original description based on Linnaeus 1754:57, Pl. 27 (Fig. 1) [ref. 31115] and other sources. The surviving syntype has not been designated as the lectotype. Briggs 1955:94 [ref. 636] misidentified nudus, and considerable confusion surrond this name -- see Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:270-271 [ref 20707]. •Treated as Gobiesox nudus (Linnaeus 1758) [but misapplied on the basis of Briggs]-- (Briggs 1955:94 [ref. 637], Johnson & Greenfield 1983:45 [ref. 28991], Bussing 1987:114 [ref. 22927], Bussing 1998:247 [ref. 24179], Lim et al. 2002:88 [ref. 28310], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:512 [ref. 27061], Phillip et al. 2013:20 [ref. 32896], Angulo et al. 2013:994 [ref. 33194]). •Valid as Arcos nudus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Fernholm 1978:146 [ref. 31804], Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:271 [ref. 20707], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:73 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Arcos nudus (Linnaeus 1758). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas, Greater Antilles, Virgin Islands, Lesser Antilles and northern South America. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nuimata, Kopua Hardy [G. S.] 1984:246, Figs. 1-5 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 34 (no. 2); ref. 5338] Rangatira Knoll, northwest of White Island, New Zealand, 37°17.4'S, 176°53.6'E, depth 337-292 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.13109. Paratypes: ANSP 150236 (1); NMNZ P.9928 (3), P.13110 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:9 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Kopua nuimata Hardy 1984 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:141 [ref. 24556], Hutchins 1991:463 [ref. 19050], Moore et al. 2012:34 [ref. 32042], Shinohara & Katayama 2015:436 [6] [ref. 33677], Stewart 2015:1551 [ref. 34196], Fujiwara et al. 2018:[10] [ref. 35951]). Current status: Valid as Kopua nuimata Hardy 1984. Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

obtusirostris, Alabes Hutchins [J. B.] & Morrison [S.] 2004:152, Fig. 1 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 56 (no. 2); ref. 27776] East of Lakes Entrance, bwtween 37°52.8'S, 148°11.8'E and 37°51.7'S, 148°13.8'E, Victoria, Australia, depth 28 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 4462-01. Paratypes: AMS P.37755-001 (1). •Valid as Alabes obtusirostris Hutchins & Morrison 2004 -- (Hutchins 2006:26 [ref. 28926], Hoese & Bray 2006:1570 [ref. 29000], Hutchins 2008:730 [ref. 30658]). Current status: Valid as Alabes obtusirostris Hutchins & Morrison 2004. Gobiesocidae: Cheilobranchinae. Distribution: Australia: Victoria and Western Australia [intermediate localities expected]. Habitat: marine.

occidentalis, Alabes Hutchins [J. B.] & Morrison [S.] 2004:153, Fig. 4 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 56 (no. 2); ref. 27776] Seal Island, 32°17.4'S, 115°41.1'E, Safety Bay, Western Australia, depth 28 meters. Holotype: WAM P.25465-001. Paratypes: AMS I.42137-001 (1), WAM P.25465-004 (3), P.25805-002 (1), P.27952-012 (5), P.28267-001 (5), P.28280-001 (6, 2 c&s), P.28291-001 (3), P.30384-002 (4). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:9 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Alabes occidentalis Hutchins & Morrison 2004 -- (Hutchins 2006:26 [ref. 28926], Hoese & Bray 2006:1570 [ref. 29000], Hutchins 2008:730 [ref. 30658], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Alabes occidentalis Hutchins & Morrison 2004. Gobiesocidae: Cheilobranchinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

occidentalis, Aspasmogaster Hutchins [J. B.] 1984:131, Figs. 1, 3-5 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 11 (pt 2); ref. 5230] Bunker Bay, Cape Naturaliste, 33°32'S, 115°02'E, Western Australia, depth 0.5 meters. Holotype: WAM P.27882-001. Paratypes: AMS I.20219-024 (1), I.2022-018 (2); BMNH 1983.3.1.2 (1); NMV A2831 (1); WAM P.25770-022 (3), P.25774-008 (1), P.26000-013 (1), P. 26002-007 (1, c&s), P.26007-006 (1), P.26009-003 (1), P.26546-005 (1), P.26620-004 (1), P.27880-003 (3). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:38 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:9 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Aspasmogaster occidentalis Hutchins 1984 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:316 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1572 [ref. 29000], Hutchins 2008:733 [ref. 30658], Conway et al. 2018:92 [ref. 36157], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Aspasmogaster occidentalis Hutchins 1984. Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

ocellatus, Cyclopterus Donovan [E.] 1806:6 unnum. pp., Pl. 76 [The natural history of British fishes, including scientific and general descriptions of the most interesting species, and an extensive selection of accurately finished coloured plates.; ref. 17408] England. No types known. New name for some previous species, especially Cyclopterus cornubicus Shaw. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:36 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222], Briggs 1990:476 [ref. 15498]). •Synonym of Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Henriques et al. 2002:338 [ref. 26172]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

ocellatus, Lepadogaster Risso [A.] 1810:74 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Villefranche-sur-Mer, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:29 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:652 [ref. 7222], Hofrichter 1995:138 [ref. 30502], Fricke et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33962]). Current status: Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

olivaceus, Lepadogaster Risso [A.] 1810:75 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Chapelle de Saint-Hospice, Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810 -- (Briggs 1955:38 [ref. 637] as candollei, Briggs 1973:655 [ref. 7222] as candollei, Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1356 [ref. 13677] as candollei, Briggs 1990:477 [ref. 15498] as candollei, Hofrichter 1995:124 [ref. 30502] as candollei). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

orientalis, Cochleoceps Hutchins [J. B.] 1991:668, Fig. 8 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 15 (pt 3); ref. 19055] Big Island, off Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia, depth 10 meters. Holotype: WAM P.27103-001. Paratypes: AMS I.21975-001 (1); NMV A2830 (1); WAM P.27103-002 (3, 1 c&s). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:9 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Cochleoceps orientalis Hutchins 1991 -- (Kuiter 1993:56 [ref. 23929], Kuiter 1997:48 [ref. 25488], Hoese & Bray 2006:1573 [ref. 29000], Conway et al. 2017:138 [ref. 35266]). Current status: Valid as Cochleoceps orientalis Hutchins 1991. Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

ornata, Coronichthys Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1942:122, Fig. 1 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 2133] Coron, Busuanga, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 36533. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:145 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Diademichthys lineatus (Sauvage 1883) -- (Briggs 1955:141 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Diademichthys lineatus (Sauvage 1883). Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Habitat: marine.

oro, Aspasmagaster Jordan [D. S.] 1927:10 [Journal of the Pan-Pacific Research Institution v. 2 (no. 4) (for Oct.-Dec. 1927); ref. 18346] Name only as Aspasmagaster oro (Steindachner); not available; from Samoa. •In the synonymy of Conidens samoensis (Steindachner 1906) -- (Briggs 1955:16 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Conidens samoensis (Steindachner 1906). Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae.

ottaviani, Lepadogaster Cocco [A.] 1840:243 [Il Maurolico, Giornale di Scienze, Lettere e Arti v. 4 (fasc. 6); ref. 23130] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Straits of Messina, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Briggs 1955:38 [ref. 637] had Lepadogaster ottaviani Cocco 1833 [wrong date and ref.]. •Synonym of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810 -- (Briggs 1955:38 [ref. 637] as candollei, Briggs 1973:655 [ref. 7222] as candollei, Briggs 1990:477 [ref. 15498] as candollei, Hofrichter 1995:125 [ref. 30502] as candollei). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

papillifer, Gobiesox Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:96 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Magdalena Bay, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 44376. •Valid as Gobiesox papillifer Gilbert 1890 -- (Briggs 1955:122 [ref. 637], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:109 [ref. 9277], Allen & Robertson 1994:86 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:151 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:265 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34871], Kells et al. 2016:302 [ref. 35888], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287], Conway et al. 2017:547 [ref. 35580]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox papillifer Gilbert 1890. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

paradiseus, Gobiesox Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:432 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Eden Island, Galápagos Islands. Holotype: FMNH 17404. Paratypes: CAS-SU 24422 (1), USNM 121986 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:41 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Arcos poecilophthalmus [sic] (Jenyns 1842) -- (Briggs 1955:86 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Arcos poecilophthalmos (Jenyns 1842). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

parvipinnis, Diplocrepis Waite [E. R.] 1906:202, Pl. 36 (fig. 3) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 6937] Long Bay, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.7708 (5). •Valid as Parvicrepis parvipinnis (Waite 1906) -- (Briggs 1955:48 [ref. 637], Kuiter 1993:54 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:324 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Hutchins 2008:740 [ref. 30658]). Current status: Valid as Parvicrepis parvipinnis (Waite 1906). Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: Southern Australia: New South Wales to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

parvulus, Cheilobranchus McCulloch [A. R.] 1909:316, Fig. 18 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 7 (no. 4); ref. 14386] Rock pools near Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Lectotype: AMS I.9954. Paralectotypes: (several) AMS I.9955 (1). Lectotype selected by Springer & Fraser 1976:21 [ref. 7086]. •Valid as Alabes parvulus (McCulloch 1909) -- (Kuiter 1993:53 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:158 [ref. 25479], Gomon et al. 1994:314 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Hutchins & Morrison 2004:148 [ref. 27776] as parvula, Hutchins 2006:26 [ref. 28926] as parvula, Hoese & Bray 2006:1571 [ref. 29000], Hutchins 2008:731 [ref. 30658]). Current status: Valid as Alabes parvula (McCulloch 1909). Gobiesocidae: Cheilobranchinae. Distribution: Australia: Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. Habitat: marine.

patella, Aspasmogaster Scott [T. D.] 1954:111, Fig. 3 [Records of the South Australian Museum (Adelaide) v. 11 (no. 2); ref. 12665] Kingston Park near Adelaide, South Australia. Holotype: SAMA F2788. Paratypes: SAMA F2789 (3). Type catalog: Glover 1976:170 [ref. 19449]. •Synonym of Aspasmogaster tasmaniensis (Günther 1861) -- (Briggs 1955:50 [ref. 637], Hoese & Bray 2006:1572 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Aspasmogaster tasmaniensis (Günther 1861). Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Habitat: marine.

pauciradiatus, Acyrtus Sampaio [C. L. S.], de Anchieta [J.], Nunes [C. C.] & Mendes [L. F.] 2004:206, Fig. 1 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 27998] Rata Island, in Ressurreta Bay, Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, 3°50'S, 32°25'W, off Pernambuca State, northeastern Brazil, depth 12 meters. Holotype: MZUSP 84516. Paratypes: MOVI 37363 (1), UFRN 0001(1). •Valid as Acyrtus pauciradiatus Sampaio, de Anchieta, Nunes & Mendes 2004 -- (Conway et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33313]). Current status: Valid as Acyrtus pauciradiatus Sampaio, de Anchieta, Nunes & Mendes 2004. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Brazil. Habitat: marine.

pectoralis, Diplecogaster bimaculata Briggs [J. C.] 1955:30, Fig. 83 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Off La Luz, Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, depth about 100 fathoms. Holotype: ZMUC P9034. Paratypes: BMNH 1890.2.26 (1); IOM uncat. (1); CAS-SU 18735 (1); ZMUC P9035-36 (2). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:85 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Briggs 1973:652 [ref. 7222], Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1355 [ref. 13677], Briggs 1990:474 [ref. 15498], Arruda 1997:124 [ref. 24952]). •Valid as Diplecogaster pectoralis Briggs 1955 -- (Wirtz et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32972], Fricke et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33962], Fricke et al. in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2809 [ref. 34618], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2017:210 [ref. 35501], Fricke & Wirtz 2017:6 [ref. 35696]). Current status: Valid as Diplecogaster pectoralis Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic islands: Canary Islands, Madeira, Azores, Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: marine.

pellegrini, Lepadogaster (Mirbelia) Chabanaud [P.] 1925:283 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 31 (no. 4); ref. 15533] Northwestern Africa, eastern Atlantic. Syntypes: MNHN 1907-0257 (1) Senegal, 1925-0239 and 0240 (2), 1925-0241 (2) Cape Blanc. •Valid as Apletodon pellegrini (Chabanaud 1925) -- (Briggs 1955:27 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:651 [ref. 7222], Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1353 [ref. 13677], Briggs 1986:379 [ref. 5643], Briggs 1990:474 [ref. 15498], Hofrichter 1995:170 [ref. 30502], Santos et al. 1997:102 [ref. 23531], Hofrichter & Patzner 1997:20 [ref. 23741], Arruda 1997:124 [ref. 24952], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:124 [ref. 28072], Fricke 2007:69 [ref. 29022], Fricke et al. 2010:96 [ref. 30711], Wirtz et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32972] but see barbatus Fricke et al. 2012, Fricke et al. in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2809 [ref. 34618], Fricke & Wirtz 2018:6 [ref. 36380]). Current status: Valid as Apletodon pellegrini (Chabanaud 1925). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Madeira and Canary Islands south to South Africa; southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa north to Port Alfred. Habitat: marine.

petersii, Sicyases Garman [S.] 1875:203 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 18 (for 1875-1876); ref. 18101] San Jose, S. Miguel, Saboga; western coast South America. Syntypes: (16) MCZ 12926 (14, now 11) Pearl Is., USNM 120435 [ex MCZ 12926] (3). The spelling petersii is correct. •Valid as Tomicodon petersii (Garman 1875) [often as petersi] -- (Briggs 1955:62 [ref. 637], Szelistowski 1990:504 [ref. 20183], Allen & Robertson 1994:88 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:154 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:241 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:153 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon petersii (Garman 1875). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

piger, Lepadogaster Nardo [G. D.] 1827:26, 35 (no. 31) [Giornale di fisica, chimica e storia naturale, medicina, ed arti. (series 2) Dec. II, v. 10; ref. 3146] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Also in Nardo 1827:col. 477 and 483 [ref. 19740] and Nardo 1827:105 [ref. 26236]. •Synonym of Gouania willdenowi (Risso 1810) -- (Briggs 1955:23 [ref. 637] as wildenowi, Briggs 1973:653 [ref. 7222] as wildenowi, Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1355 [ref. 13677] as wildenowi, Hofrichter 1995:103 [ref. 30502] as wildenowi). Current status: Synonym of Gouania willdenowi (Risso 1810). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

pigra, Gouana Nardo [G. D.] 1860:79 [Prospetti sistematici degli animali delle provincie Venete et del mare Adriatico; ref. 18470] Genus as Gouana. Name only, not available, may be an emendation of Gouania piger. Also seen as Gouana pigra Bonaparte. •In the synonymy of Gouania willdenowi (Risso 1810) -- (Briggs 1955:23 [ref. 637] as wildenowi, Hofrichter 1995:103 [ref. 30502] as wildenowi). Current status: Synonym of Gouania willdenowi (Risso 1810). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae.

pinniger, Gobiesox Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:94 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Puerto Refugio (Angel Island); San Luis Gonzales Bay; and La Paz, Mexico, Gulf of California. Lectotype: ?USNM 44377. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 44 (24) La Paz; USNM 46694 (4), 126808 (25). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established (as figured specimen) in Jordan 1896:244 [ref. 2395] if specimen is identifiable; from Puerto Refugio. •Valid as Gobiesox pinniger Gilbert 1890 -- (Briggs 1955:112 [ref. 637], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:152 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:264 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox pinniger Gilbert 1890. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pinnulatus, Cyclopterus Forster [J. R.] in Lichtenstein 1844:301 [Descriptiones animalium quae in itinere ad Maris Australis; ref. 17531] Astuario Reginae Charlotte, nova Zealand [= Queen Charlotte Sound, Marlborough Sounds, South Island, New Zealand]. No types known. Secondary homonym. Lichtenstein (editor, p. 301, footnote) treats as a synonym of "Lepidogaster pinnulatus Bl. Schn. Syst. p. 2". •Synonym of Trachelochismus pinnulatus (Forster 1844) -- (R. Fricke, pers. comm., 7/22/2008). Current status: Synonym of Trachelochismus pinnulatus (Forster 1801). Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae. Habitat: marine.

pinnulatus, Lepadogaster Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:2 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Queen Charlotte Sound, Marlborough Sounds, South Island, New Zealand. No types known. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •Valid as Trachelochismus pinnulatus (Forster 1801) -- (Briggs 1955:19 [ref. 637], Paulin et al. 1989:142 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:46 [ref. 24625], Stewart 2015:1555 [ref. 34196], Conway et al. 2017:547 [ref. 35580]). Current status: Valid as Trachelochismus pinnulatus (Forster 1801). Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

poecilophthalmos, Gobiesox Jenyns [L.] 1842:141, Pl. 27 (figs. 2, 2a, 2b) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] San Cristóbal Island [Chatham Island], Galápagos Islands. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1917.7.14.70. •Valid as Arcos poecilophthalmos (Jenyns 1842) -- (Briggs 1955:86 [ref. 637] and Allen & Robertson 1994:86 [ref. 22193] as poecilophthalmus, Grove & Lavenberg 1997:241 [ref. 24023] as poecilophthalmus, McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957] as poecilophthalmus). Current status: Valid as Arcos poecilophthalmos (Jenyns 1842). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands and Cocos Island. Habitat: marine.

potamius, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1955:93, Fig. 99 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Río Turrubares, Pacific drainage, Costa Rica. Holotype: FMNH 7815. Paratypes: FMNH 96026 [ex FMNH 7815] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:41 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gobiesox potamius Briggs 1955 -- (Bussing 1987:115 [ref. 22927], Bussing 1998:249 [ref. 24179], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:512 [ref. 27061], McMahan et al. 2013:452 [ref. 32422], Angulo et al. 2013:994 [ref. 33194], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox potamius Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: (Pacific slope) Costa Rica, El Salvador, and (?) Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

prodomus, Tomicodon Briggs [J. C.] 1969:75, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1969 (no. 1); ref. 7801] Posorja, northern shore of Gulf of Guayaquil, Guayas Province, Ecuador, about 2°42'S, 80°15'W. Holotype: CAS-SU 66947 (missing in 1995). Paratypes: EPN P.4.101-103 (3), P.4.105-108 (4) to be deposited at ANSP, BMNH, USNM. •Valid as Tomicodon prodomus Briggs 1969 -- (Szelistowski 1990:504 [ref. 20183], Briggs 2001:646 [ref. 25451]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon prodomus Briggs 1969. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

prototypus, Gouania Nardo [G. D.] 1833:548 [Isis (Oken) v. 26 (no. 6) 1833; ref. 5746] Adriatic Sea No types known. Genus as Covania; corrected by Canestrini 1864:181 [ref. 714]. •Synonym of Gouania willdenowi (Risso 1810) -- (Briggs 1955:23 [ref. 637] as wildenowi, Briggs 1973:653 [ref. 7222] as wildenowi, Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1355 [ref. 13677] as wildenowi, Hofrichter 1995:103 [ref. 30502] as wildenowi). Current status: Synonym of Gouania willdenowi (Risso 1810). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Lepadogaster Guichenot [A.] 1850:110, Pl. 6 (fig. 5) [Histoire naturelle des reptiles et poissons; ref. 1940] Algeria, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:29 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:652 [ref. 7222]). •Synonym of Apletodon dentatus (Facciolà 1887) -- (Hofrichter 1995:145 [ref. 30502]). Current status: Synonym of Apletodon dentatus (Facciolà 1887). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

punctulatus, Sicyases Poey [F.] 1876:166 [124] [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 5 (for 5 Apr. 1876); ref. 3510] Cuba. No types known. On p. 124 of separate. •Valid as Gobiesox punctulatus (Poey 1876) -- (Briggs 1955:104 [ref. 637], Johnson & Greenfield 1983:46 [ref. 28991], Robins & Ray 1986:86 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1991:201 [ref. 24472], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:167 [ref. 27754], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:96 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:644 [ref. 28815], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:73 [ref. 33341], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287], Conway et al. 2017:547 [ref. 35580]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox punctulatus (Poey 1876). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

punicens, Sicyases Poey [F.] 2000:574, Pl. 312 (fig. 4) [Ictiologia Cubana. Posthumous transcription of original unpublished manuscript (1884) by M. Sánchez Roig and F. Gómez de la Maza v. 1-3; ref. 26366] Not available; not explicitly proposed as new [see Art. 16.1 of the Code]. Posthumous publication. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae.

puniceus, Lepadogaster Richardson [J.] 1846:71, Pl. 43 (figs. 1-7) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] New Zealand. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1848.3.18.255. •Valid as Diplocrepis puniceus (Richardson 1846) -- (Briggs 1955:42 [ref. 637], Paulin et al. 1989:142 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:47 [ref. 24625], Stewart 2015:1546 [ref. 34196], Conway et al. 2017:139 [ref. 35266], Conway et al. 2017:547 [ref. 35580]). Current status: Valid as Diplocrepis puniceus (Richardson 1846). Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

purpureus, Cyclopterus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Boriase) 1788:29 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Monts-Bay (Mounts Bay), Cornwall, England. No types known. Based on Borlase 1758:269, Pl. 25, fig. 68 [ref. 30228]. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788), but a valid subspecies purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:36 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222], Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1357 [ref. 13677], Briggs 1990:475 [ref. 15498]). •Valid as Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Henriques et al. 2002:334 [ref. 26172]). Current status: Valid as Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Western Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic from British Isles to Senegal including Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

pyrrhocinclus, Sicyases Cope [E. D.] 1877:43 [27] [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 17; ref. 18033] Peru. Holotype (unique): ANSP 21558. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. On p. 27 of separate. •Synonym of Tomicodon petersii (Garman 1875) -- (Briggs 1955:62 [ref. 637] as petersi). Current status: Synonym of Tomicodon petersii (Garman 1875). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

quadriradiatus, Diplocrepis Rendahl [H.] 1926:8 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 81; ref. 15819] Port Ross, Auckland Island, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): ZMUC uncat. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:85 [ref. 9588]. Originally as 4-radiatus, correction mandatory. •Valid as Diplocrepis quadriradiatus Rendahl 1926 -- (Briggs 1955:11 [ref. 637]). •Valid as Gastrocymba quadriradiata (Rendahl 1926) -- (Paulin et al. 1989:141 [ref. 24556], Stewart 2015:1548 [ref. 34196], Conway et al. 2017:139 [ref. 35266]). Current status: Valid as Gastrocymba quadriradiata (Rendahl 1926). Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

radula, Nettorhamphos Conway [K. W.], Moore [G. I.] & Summers [A. P.] 2017:130, Figs. 1-10 [Copeia v. 105 (no. 1); ref. 35266] Indian Ocean, west of Five Fathom Bank, Western Australia, Australia, 32°11'S, 115°31'E, depth 37 meters. Holotype: WAM P.26052-004. Paratypes: WAM. •Valid as Nettorhamphos radula Conway, Moore & Summers 2017. Current status: Valid as Nettorhamphos radula Conway, Moore & Summers 2017. Gobiesocidae: Aspasminae. Distribution: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

rafinesqui, Lepadogaster Costa [O. G.] 1840:Lepadogaster p. 5, Pl. 24 (figs. 1-3) [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] [Napoli] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Published 4 Mar 1840. Based in part on Piescephalus adherens Rafinesque and Lepadogaster candolii Risso. •Synonym of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810 -- (Briggs 1955:38 [ref. 637] as candollei, Briggs 1973:655 [ref. 7222], Briggs 1990:477 [ref. 15498] as candollei, Hofrichter 1995:125 [ref. 30502] as candollei). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

ramsdeni, Gobiesox Howell Rivero [L.] 1936:73 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 41 (no. 4); ref. 12257] Río Toa, 'El Palenque', Yateras, Guantanamo, Oriente Province, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 34152. •Synonym of Gobiesox nudus (Linnaeus 1758) [based on Briggs] -- (Briggs 1955:94 [ref. 637], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:512 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: freshwater.

raninus, Lepadogaster Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 113 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Italy. No types known. Apparently an available name based on Cyclopterus raninus Chiereghini (manuscript), with a short description. •Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:29 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:652 [ref. 7222], Hofrichter 1995:138 [ref. 30502], Fricke et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33962]). Current status: Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

reitzi, Tomicodon Briggs [J. C.] 2001:745, Fig. 1 [Copeia 2001 (no. 3); ref. 25451] Coral islet at Isla Grande, (Atlantic) Colombia, 10°11.4'N, 75°44.9'W, depth 0-4 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 363264. This species is named after a women, so the name must be changed to reitzae. Locality in the original description given as the Pacific coast of Colombia in the eastern Pacific, but that was in error for Atlantic Colombia. •Valid as Tomicodon reitzae Briggs 2001 -- (Collette et al. 2003:102 [ref. 26784], Williams & Tyler 2003:18 [ref. 27287], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2005:181 [ref. 28938], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:73 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon reitzae Briggs 2001. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

reticulatus, Lepadogaster Girard [C. F.] 1854:155 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 5769] San Luis Obispo, California, U.S.A. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Lepadogaster reticulatus Risso 1810, replaced by Lepadogaster maeandricus Girard 1858. •Objective synonym of Gobiesox maeandricus (Girard 1858) -- (Briggs 1955:101 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox maeandricus (Girard 1858). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

reticulatus, Lepadogaster Risso [A.] 1810:77 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:29 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:652 [ref. 7222], Hofrichter 1995:138 [ref. 30502], Fricke et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33962]). Current status: Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

rhabdotus, Tomicodon Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1969:473, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 81; ref. 7848] North of Bilbay River, Bout Sable Bay, Dominica, Lesser Antilles, Caribbean Sea, depth 0-2.5 feet. Holotype: USNM 201804. Paratypes: USNM 199560-61 (1, 1). •Valid as Tomicodon rhabdotus Smith-Vaniz 1969 -- (McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Williams & Tyler 2003:21 [ref. 27287]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon rhabdotus Smith-Vaniz 1969. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

rhadinus, Tomicodon eos Briggs [J. C.] 1955:70, Fig. 93 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Tangola-Tangola Bay, Oaxaca, Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 18121 [ex NYZS 27516]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 18122-23 (1, 1). Type catalog: Mead 1958:134 [ref. 20648]. •Synonym of Tomicodon eos (Jordan & Gilbert 1882), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Szelistowski 1990:504 [ref. 20183]). Current status: Synonym of Tomicodon eos (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

rhessodon, Gobiesox Smith [R.] 1881:140 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 208); ref. 18282] Point Loma, San Diego County, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: BMNH 1884.10.15.4 (1) from Smith, CAS-SU 1403 (1), USNM 28396 (orig. about 50, now 3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Gobiesox rhessodon Smith 1881 -- (Briggs 1955:102 [ref. 637], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:109 [ref. 9277], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:302 [ref. 35888], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox rhessodon Smith 1881. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

rhodospilus, Gobiesox Günther [A.] 1864:25 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 1) (art. 4) (for 26 Jan. 1864); ref. 5752] Pacific coast of Panama. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.12.16.58-59 (2). Also appeared in Günther 1864:229 [ref. 1976]. •Valid as Arcos rhodospilus (Günther 1864) -- (Briggs 1955:83 [ref. 637], Allen & Robertson 1994:86 [ref. 22193], González-Murcia et al. 2019:295 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Arcos rhodospilus (Günther 1864). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

rhyacophilus, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1951:72, Figs. 7-8 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Stream entering Watering Bay, Gorgona Island, (Pacific) Colombia. Holotype: LACM 21696 [ex AHF 1191]. Paratypes: ANSP 141461 [ex CAS-SU 16424] (1); CAS-SU 16424 (orig. 19, now 17), 16425 (1), USNM 112755 [ex CAS-SU 16424] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146-147 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Gobiesox juradoensis Fowler 1944 -- (Briggs 1955:96 [ref. 637], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:511 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox juradoensis Fowler 1944. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rostratus, Lepadogaster Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:1 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] British sea. Syntypes: ZMB 4110 (2). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:83 [ref. 24282]. As gouani on p. xxiii. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:36 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222], Briggs 1990:475 [ref. 15498]). •Synonym of Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Henriques et al. 2002:338 [ref. 26172]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

ruber, Lepadogaster Plucàr [E.] 1846:25 [Der Fischplatz zu Triest; ref. 18559] Trieste, Italy, Gulf of Trieste, Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. •Synonym of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810 -- (Briggs 1955:38 [ref. 637] as candollei, Briggs 1973:655 [ref. 7222] as candollei, Briggs 1990:476 [ref. 15498] as candollei, Hofrichter 1995:125 [ref. 30502] as candollei). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster candolii Risso 1810. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

rubiginosus, Sicyases Poey [F.] 1868:391 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3505] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 12923 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:219 [ref. 22926] with a holotype. •Valid as Acyrtus rubiginosus (Poey 1868) -- (Briggs 1955:127 [ref. 637], Johnson & Greenfield 1983:39 [ref. 28991], Collette et al. 2003:101 [ref. 26784], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Sampaio et al. 2004:206 [ref. 27998], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:172 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33313], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:73 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Acyrtus rubiginosus (Poey 1868). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

rufus, Chilobranchus Macleay [W.] 1881:266 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 6 (pt 2); ref. 6222] Port Jackson; Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1890.9.23.260-261 (2); AMS I.16264-001 [ex MAMU F96] (14), I.16265-001 [ex MAMU F96a] (17). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:205 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Alabes dorsalis (Richardson 1845) -- (Springer & Fraser 1976:16 [ref. 7086], Gomon et al. 1994:313 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Bray 2006:1569 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Alabes dorsalis (Richardson 1845). Gobiesocidae: Cheilobranchinae. Habitat: marine.

rupestris, Gobiesox Poey [F.] 1860:283, Pl. 18 (fig. 6) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. USNM 365864. Neotype designated by Williams & Tyler 2003:24 [ref. 27287]. •Synonym of Tomicodon fasciatus (Peters 1859) -- (Briggs 1955:66 [ref. 637]). •Valid as Tomicodon rupestris (Poey 1860) -- (Williams & Tyler 2003:22 [ref. 27287], Smith et al. 2003:58 [ref. 27621], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon rupestris (Poey 1860). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

samoensis, Crepidogaster Steindachner [F.] 1906:1408 [40] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 115 (1. Abth.); ref. 4242] Upolu, Samoa Islands. Syntypes: (many) NMW. Originally stated as "Crepidogaster samoensis n. sp.? an Cr. tasmaniensis Gthr." On p. 40 of separate. •Valid as Conidens samoensis (Steindachner 1906) -- (Briggs 1955:16 [ref. 637], Francis 1993:158 [ref. 25479], Hutchins 2001:3548 [ref. 26291], Hoese & Bray 2006:1573 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Valid as Conidens samoensis (Steindachner 1906). Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

sanctimartini, Gobiesox Metzelaar [J.] 1919:151, Fig. 48 [Report on the fishes; ref. 2982] Simsonsbay Lagoon, St. Martin Island, West Indies. Holotype: ZMA 104846. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:63 [ref. 19236]. Species originally spelled sancti martini. •Synonym of Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870 -- (Briggs 1955:115 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sandaracatus, Lepadichthys Whitley [G. P.] 1943:140 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 68 (pts 3-4) (nos. 307-308); ref. 4702] Useless Inlet, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.307. Paratypes: AMS IB.308-309 (1, 1), IB.354-356 (1, 1, 1). Non types: AMS I.13269 (1). •Valid as Lepadichthys sandaracatus Whitley 1943 -- (Briggs 1955:140 [ref. 637], Allen & Swainston 1988:38 [ref. 25477], Briggs 2001:500 [ref. 25236], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1575 [ref. 29000], Craig et al. 2015:121 [ref. 33898]). Current status: Valid as Lepadichthys sandaracatus Whitley 1943. Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

sanguineus, Sicyases Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] in Müller 1843:298 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 9 (pt. 1); ref. 3063] Chile. Holotype (unique): ?ZMB 32366 [ex 2185]. •Valid as Sicyases sanguineus Müller & Troschel 1843 -- (Briggs 1955:55 [ref. 637], Pequeño 1989:41 [ref. 14125], Stepien 1990:600 [ref. 19879], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:239 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:156 [ref. 24555], Pequeño & Sáez 2000:31 [ref. 24590]). Current status: Valid as Sicyases sanguineus Müller & Troschel 1843. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

sapoensis, Gobiesox Fowler [H. W.] 1944:235, Fig. 257 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Death River tide pools at foot of Mount Sapo, Panama. Holotype: ANSP 69989. Paratypes: ANSP 69990 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Gobiesox adustus Jordan & Gilbert 1882 -- (Briggs 1955:118 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox adustus Jordan & Gilbert 1882. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

saxatilis, Cotylis Briggs [J. C.] 1951:84, Figs. 13-14 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Port Utria, Colombia. Holotype: LACM 21721 [ex AHF 1192]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 16417 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Gobiesox adustus Jordan & Gilbert 1882 -- (Briggs 1955:118 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox adustus Jordan & Gilbert 1882. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

schultzi, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1951:67, Figs. 3-4 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Tidepool, outer San Carlos Bay, Sonora, Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 16426. Paratypes: ANSP 127233 [ex CAS-SU 36561] (1); CAS-SU 16427 (3), 36561 (orig. 8, now 7); USNM 112753 [ex CAS-SU 16427] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:147 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Gobiesox schultzi Briggs 1951 -- (Briggs 1955:105 [ref. 637], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:153 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:265 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox schultzi Briggs 1951. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

scotti, Alabes Hutchins [J. B.] & Morrison [S.] 2004:155, Fig. 5 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 56 (no. 2); ref. 27776] Disaster Bay, from 37°18.9'S, 149°59.6'E to 37°16.5'S, 149°59.3'E, New South Wales, Australia, depth 24-30 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 3776-01. Paratypes: AMS I.23428-001 (3, 1 c&s), I.36095-001 (1), I.37680-001 (2); WAM P.32222-001 (1 c&s). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:9 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Alabes scotti Hutchins & Morrison 2004 -- (Hutchins 2006:26 [ref. 28926], Hoese & Bray 2006:1571 [ref. 29000], Hutchins 2008:731 [ref. 30658]). Current status: Valid as Alabes scotti Hutchins & Morrison 2004. Gobiesocidae: Cheilobranchinae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia: Victoria and Tasmania. Habitat: marine.

scylliorhiniceps, Eckloniaichthys Smith [J. L. B.] 1943:67, Fig. 1 [Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa v. 30 (pt 1); ref. 4071] 10 miles west of East London, east of Igoda, South Africa, western Indian Ocean, tide pool. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 336 [ex AMG]. •Valid as Eckloniaichthys scylliorhiniceps Smith 1943 -- (Briggs 1955:72 [ref. 637], Briggs 1986:379 [ref. 5643]). Current status: Valid as Eckloniaichthys scylliorhiniceps Smith 1943. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sila, Rimicola Briggs [J. C.] 1955:79, Figs. 5, 96 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Melpomene Cove, southern end of Guadalupe Island, Mexico, eastern Pacific. Holotype: CAS-SU 18116. Paratypes: CAS-SU 18117 (7). •Valid as Rimicola sila Briggs 1955 -- (Briggs 2002:443 [ref. 26018], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Rimicola sila Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

simus, Crepidogaster Hutton [F. W.] 1896:316 [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 28 (N.S. v. 11) [1895]; ref. 14610] Lytellton harbor, Christchurch, New Zealand. Holotype: CMC F212. Paratypes: CMC 569 (3) Chatham Is. Non-types: ?BMNH 1896.1.17.6-7 [ex CMC] (2) New Zealand. Type catalog: Russell 1996:224-225 [ref. 22562] with only a holotype, but specimens from the second locality should be considered paratypes, Freeman & Tunnicliffe 1997:7 [ref. 22860]. •Synonym of Trachelochismus pinnulatus (Forster 1801) -- (Briggs 1955:19 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Trachelochismus pinnulatus (Forster 1801). Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae. Habitat: marine.

smithi, Pherallodus Briggs [J. C.] 1955:44, Figs. 24, 86 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 31349. •Valid as Pherallodus smithi Briggs 1955 -- (Briggs 1986:380 [ref. 5643]). •Valid as Propherallodus smithi (Briggs 1955) -- (Fujiwara & Motomura 2018:[2] [ref. 36420]). Current status: Valid as Propherallodus smithi (Briggs 1955). Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

smyrnensis, Gobius Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Koelreuter) 1788:66 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] İzmir, Turkey. No types known. Based in part on Koelreuter 1764:439 et seq., Pl. 9 (fig. 5) [ref. 26164]. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

spathulata, Cycloptera Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1832:67 [v. 69; ref. 29724] No types known. Original not seen. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:36 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222], Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1357 [ref. 13677]). •Synonym of Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Henriques et al. 2002:338 [ref. 26172]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

spatula, Crepidogaster Günther [A.] 1861:508 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Gages Road, mouth of Swan River, Western Australia, depth 3 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1847.7.21.86. •Valid as Cochleoceps spatula (Günther 1861) -- (Briggs 1955:52 [ref. 637], Hutchins 1991:655 [ref. 19055], Gomon et al. 1994:320 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1573 [ref. 29000], Hutchins 2008:736 [ref. 30658], Conway et al. 2017:138 [ref. 35266]). Current status: Valid as Cochleoceps spatula (Günther 1861). Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: Australia: South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

spatula, Cyclopterus Cloquet [H.] 1818:296 (v. 12) [Dictionnaire des sciences Naturelles; ref. 852] English seas [Cornwall, Northeastern Atlantic]. No types known. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) subspecies perpurea (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222], Briggs 1990:476 [ref. 15498], Hofrichter 1995:112 [ref. 30502]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

springeri, Alabes Hutchins [J. B.] 2006:27, Fig. 2 [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 63 (no. 1); ref. 28926] Port Hunter, 29°04'S, 167°57'E, Emily Bay, Norfolk Island, depth 1 meter. Holotype (unique): AMS I.18497-001. •Valid as Alabes springeri Hutchins 2006. Current status: Valid as Alabes springeri Hutchins 2006. Gobiesocidae: Cheilobranchinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Norfolk Island. Habitat: marine.

springeri, Lepadichthys Briggs [J. C.] 2001:499, Fig. 1 [Copeia 2001 (no. 2); ref. 25236] Northeast corner of Sombrero Island, Batangas, Philippines, 13°42'N, 120°49'E, depth less than 10 meters. Holotype: USNM 359726. Paratypes: USNM 359727 (1). •Valid as Lepadichthys springeri Briggs 2001 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:841 [ref. 31980], Craig et al. 2015:121 [ref. 33898]). Current status: Valid as Lepadichthys springeri Briggs 2001. Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

stannii, Cotylis Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1849 [Horae Ichthyologicae No. 3; ref. 3073] Brazil [probably in error]. No types known. •Synonym of Gobiesox nudus (Linnaeus 1758) [based on Briggs] -- (Briggs 1955:94 [ref. 637] as stanii, Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:512 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: freshwater.

stenocephalus, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1955:92, Fig. 98 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Puerto Parker, (Pacific) Costa Rica. Holotype: CAS-SU 17408 [ex NYZS 27872]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 17409 (3), 67326 [ex CAS-SU 17409] (1, c&s). Type catalog: Mead 1958:133 [ref. 20648]. •Valid as Gobiesox stenocephalus Briggs 1955 -- (Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox stenocephalus Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

stictopteryx, Lepadogaster Holt [E. W. L.] & Byrne [L. W.] 1899:589 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1898 (pt 4) (for 15 Nov. 1898); ref. 14706] Plymouth and Loch Craignish in Argyllshire, Great Britain. Syntypes: (3, plus young, whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Apletodon microcephalus (Brook 1890) -- (Briggs 1955:26 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:651 [ref. 7222]). •Synonym of Apletodon dentatus (Facciolà 1887) -- (Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1352 [ref. 13677], Hofrichter 1995:159 [ref. 30502], Fricke et al. 2010:96 [ref. 30711]). Current status: Synonym of Apletodon dentatus (Facciolà 1887). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

stria, Liobranchia Briggs [J. C.] 1955:133, Fig. 112 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Lagoon west of Saipan Island, Marianas Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): USNM 149910. •Valid as Liobranchia stria Briggs 1955 -- (Myers 1999:230 [ref. 23965], Hutchins 2001:3548 [ref. 26291], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495]). Current status: Valid as Liobranchia stria Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Aspasminae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

strumosus, Gobiesox Cope [E. D.] 1870:121 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 22; ref. 18030] Hilton Head, South Carolina, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 10349-61 (13), CAS-SU 17410 [ex ANSP 10362] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870 -- (Briggs 1955:115 [ref. 637], Johnson & Greenfield 1983:44 [ref. 28991], Robins & Ray 1986:86 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:81 [ref. 23239], Murdy et al. 1997:107 [ref. 23144], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:310 [ref. 25013], Schwartz 2000:14 [ref. 24409], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:167 [ref. 27754], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:468 [ref. 24550], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:645 [ref. 28815], Matamoros et al. 2009:11 [ref. 31241], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407], Spier et al. 2018:8 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

superoculus, Arcos Briggs [J. C.] 1951:96, Figs. 21-23 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Cleopha Island, Tres Marias Islands, Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 16394. Paratypes: ANSP 91022 [ex CAS-SU 16395] (1); CAS-SU 16395 (orig. 3, now 1), 16396 (1); USNM 112756 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:145 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Arcos erythrops (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Briggs 1955:84 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Arcos erythrops (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

tangaroa, Modicus Hardy [G. S.] 1983:867 [Copeia 1983 (no. 4); ref. 5339] Ranfurly Bank, East Cape, New Zealand, 37°38.4'S, 178°51.7'E, depth 79-83 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.9931. Paratypes: NMNZ P.6734 (1), P.7816 (1), P.7829 (1), P.8070 (1), P.9932 (1, c&s, disarticulated). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:9 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Modicus tangaroa Hardy 1983 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:142 [ref. 24556], Stewart 2015:1554 [ref. 34196]). Current status: Valid as Modicus tangaroa Hardy 1983. Gobiesocidae: Aspasminae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

tasmaniensis, Crepidogaster Günther [A.] 1861:507 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1852.1.15.41 [? 1852.1.5.41]. •Valid as Aspasmogaster tasmaniensis (Günther 1861) -- (Briggs 1955:50 [ref. 637], Kuiter 1993:57 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:317 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:48 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1572 [ref. 29000], Hutchins 2008:734 [ref. 30658], Conway et al. 2018:92 [ref. 36157], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Aspasmogaster tasmaniensis (Günther 1861). Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

testar, Lepadogaster Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:4, Pl. 1 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] West Indies. No types known. •Synonym of Gobiesox nudus (Linnaeus 1758) [based on Briggs] -- (Briggs 1955:94 [ref. 637], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:512 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: freshwater.

tonstricula, Diplecogaster Fricke [R.], Wirtz [P.] & Brito [A.] 2015:7, Figs. 1-6 [Journal of Natural History v. 50 (nos. 11-12); ref. 33962] Eastern Atlantic Ocean, Dakar, Senegal, 1.3 km south-southwest of La Pointe des Almades, 14°43.806ʹN, 17°32.046ʹW, depth 28 meters. Holotype: ZSM 40089. Paratypes: CCML, ZSM. •Valid as Diplecogaster tonstricula Fricke, Wirtz & Brito 2015 -- (Fricke et al. in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2809 [ref. 34618], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2017:210 [ref. 35501], Fricke & Wirtz 2017:6 [ref. 35696]). Current status: Valid as Diplecogaster tonstricula Fricke, Wirtz & Brito 2015. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Canary Islands and Senegal, eastern Atlantic Ocean. Habitat: marine.

trnskii, Dellichthys Conway [K. W.], Stewart [A. L.] & Summers [A. P.] 2018:79, Figs. 1, 2A, 3, 4A, 5A, 6, 7A-B, 8A-C [ZooKeys 740; ref. 35826] New Zealand, Northland, Tutukaka, Pacific Bay, 35°37'07.2"S, 174°32'03.8"E, depth 0-2 meters. Holotype: AIM MA73570. Paratypes: AIM MA, NMNZ, TCWC. Plus additional material. •Valid as Dellichthys trnskii Conway, Stewart & Summers 2018. Current status: Valid as Dellichthys trnskii Conway, Stewart & Summers 2018. Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

truncata, Arbaciosa Heller [E.] & Snodgrass [R. E.] 1903:216, Pl. 14 [Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 5; ref. 2089] Tagus Cove, Isabela Island [Albemarle Island], Galápagos Islands. Holotype: CAS-SU 6341. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7058 (1), 16456 (3), 21193 (25). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:145 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Tomicodon chilensis Brisout de Barneville 1846 -- (Briggs 1955:68 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Tomicodon chilensis Brisout de Barneville 1846. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

tudes, Gobiesox Richardson [J.] 1845:no p., Pl. 46 (figs. 1-3) [Ichthyology.--Part 2. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur; ref. 20574] Supposed to be China [in error]. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Available from plate. Text in Richardson 1845:103 [ref. 20275]. •Synonym of Gobiesox nudus (Linnaeus 1758) [based on Briggs] -- (Briggs 1955:94 [ref. 637], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:512 [ref. 27061]). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: freshwater.

tumidus, Diplocrepis Griffin [L. T.] 1928:385, Pl. 64 (Fig. 9) [Transactions of the New Zealand Institute v. 59; ref. 15850] Ponui Island, Auckland Harbor, New Zealand. Holotype: AIM. Paratypes: AIM (8). •Synonym of Trachelochismus pinnulatus (Forster 1801) -- (Briggs 1955:19 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Trachelochismus pinnulatus (Forster 1801). Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae. Habitat: marine.

umutturali, Diplecogaster Bilecenoğlu [M.], Yokeş [M. B.] & Kovačić [M.] 2017:212, Figs. 1-3 [Zoology in the Middle East v. 63 (no. 3); ref. 35501] Akıncı Burnu, Turkish Levant coast, Iskenderun Bay, 36°19'30"N, 35°47'00"E, depth 0.3 meters. Holotype: ESFM-PIS/2005-005. Paratypes: ESFM-PIS. •Valid as Diplecogaster umutturali Bilecenoğlu, Yokeş & Kovačić 2017. Current status: Valid as Diplecogaster umutturali Bilecenoğlu, Yokeş & Kovačić 2017. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Turkish Levant coast. Habitat: marine.

urifasciatus, Lepadogaster Costa [O. G.] 1840:Lepadogaster p. 9 [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Gulf of Salerno, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Published 3 May 1840. •Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1955:29 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:652 [ref. 7222], Hofrichter 1995:138 [ref. 30502], Fricke et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33962]). Current status: Synonym of Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

varius, Pherallodiscus Briggs [J. C.] 1955:131, Fig. 111 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Passavera Island, Chamela Bay, Jalisco, Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 17807 [ex NYSZ]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 17808 (2). Type catalog: Mead 1958:134 [ref. 20648]. •Valid as Pherallodiscus varius Briggs 1955 -- (Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Gobiesox varius (Briggs 1955) -- (Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox varius (Briggs 1955). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

vermiculata, Kopua Shinohara [G.] & Katayama [E.] 2015:432 [2], Figs. 2-5, 6a, 7a [Ichthyological Research; ref. 33677] Sagaminada Sea off Misaki, Miura City, Kanagawa Prefecture, Honshu Island, Japan, 35°7.815’N, 139°34.371'E to 35°7.572’N, 139°34.108’E, depth 96.4-100 meters. Holotype (unique): NSMT-P 99710. •Valid as Kopua vermiculata Shinohara & Katayama 2015 -- (Fujiwara et al. 2018:[9] [ref. 35951]). Current status: Valid as Kopua vermiculata Shinohara & Katayama 2015. Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae. Distribution: Honshu Island, Japan. Habitat: marine.

vermiculatus, Tomicodon Briggs [J. C.] 1955:61, Fig. 89 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Chatham Bay, Cocos Island, eastern Pacific. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 47691. •Valid as Tomicodon vermiculatus Briggs 1955 -- (Szelistowski 1990:504 [ref. 20183]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon vermiculatus Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

virgatulus, Gobiesox Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:293 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 282); ref. 2472] Pensacola Bay, Florida, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 30861 (orig. 3, now 2). Non-types: CAS-SU 441 (1), 1669 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:147 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870 -- (Briggs 1955:115 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

viridis, Cochleoceps Hutchins [J. B.] 1991:656, Figs. 1-3, 4a [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 15 (pt 3); ref. 19055] Emu Point, King George Sound, Western Australia, depth 2-3 meters. Holotype: WAM P.26604-015. Paratypes: AMS I.31830-001 (2); BMNH 1991.9.12.9-10 (2); NMV 9559 (2); WAM P.26604-009 (6 1 c&s), P.26622-004 (5), P.26455-011 (5), P.28267-003 (7), P.28280-004 (2), P.28288-003 (1). Additional material: WAM P.30262-001 (9). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:9 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Cochleoceps viridis Hutchins 1991 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:321 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:22 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1573 [ref. 29000], Hutchins 2008:736 [ref. 30658], Conway et al. 2017:138 [ref. 35266], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Cochleoceps viridis Hutchins 1991. Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

vittatus, Gobiesox Metzelaar [J.] 1922:140, Fig. 3 [Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde v. 22; ref. 5741] Caracas Bay, southwestern Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles. Holotype: ZMA 104168. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:64 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Gobiesox punctulatus (Poey 1876) -- (Briggs 1955:106 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox punctulatus (Poey 1876). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

vittiger, Derilissus Fraser [T. H.] 1970:41, Fig. 5 [Copeia 1970 (no. 1); ref. 7737] Venezuela, 11°01.8'-11°01.0'N, 65°34.2'-65°36.3'W, depth 37 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ANSP 109626. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Derilissus vittiger Fraser 1970 -- (Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2005:180 [ref. 28938], Sparks & Gruber 2012:251 [ref. 32056]). Current status: Valid as Derilissus vittiger Fraser 1970. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Venezuela. Habitat: marine.

webbianus, Lepadogaster Valenciennes [A.] 1843:85 [Ichthyologie des îles Canaries v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 4502] Canary Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-4964. •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Briggs 1973:654 [ref. 7222], Briggs 1990:476 [ref. 15498]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: marine.

willdenowi, Lepadogaster Risso [A.] 1810:75, Pl. 4 (fig. 10) [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Appeared in text as "4. L. Willdenow. N. L. Willdenowi" Spelled Wildenowii in index; first reviser not researched; wildenowi seems to be common in the literature. •Valid as Gouania willdenowi (Risso 1810) -- (Briggs 1955:23 [ref. 637] as wildenowi Briggs 1973:653 [ref. 7222] as wildenowi, Hofrichter 1995:103 [ref. 30502] as wildenowi, Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:56 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:100 [ref. 29533], Almada et al. 2008:1154 [ref. 29550], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:33 [ref. 36649] as wildenowi, Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864], Kovačić & Schembri 2019:289 [ref. 36757] as wildenowi, Wagner et al. 2019:2 [ref. 36765]). Current status: Valid as Gouania willdenowi (Risso 1810). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

wirtzi, Apletodon Fricke [R.] 2007:69, Figs. 1-2, 3D [Ichthyological Research v. 54 (no. 1); ref. 29022] Bombom Island, Principe Group, São Tomé and Principe, 1°41'N, 7°24'E, depth 1 meter. Holotype: SMNS 24130. Paratypes: MNHN 2005-0170 (1); SMNS 24132 (2), 24446 (5); USNM 381374 (1). •Valid as Apletodon wirtzi Fricke 2007 -- (Wirtz et al. 2007:17, 38 [ref. 30263], Fricke et al. 2010:96 [ref. 30711], Fricke et al. in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2809 [ref. 34618], Fricke & Wirtz 2018:6 [ref. 36380]). Current status: Valid as Apletodon wirtzi Fricke 2007. Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: islands of Gulf of Guinea and coast of Cameroon. Habitat: marine.

woodsi, Cotylis nigripinnis Schultz [L. P.] 1944:68 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 96 (no. 3187); ref. 3961] Cocos Island at Wafer Bay, eastern Pacific. Holotype (unique): FMNH 41974. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:28 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gobiesox woodsi (Schultz 1944) -- (Briggs 1955:117 [ref. 637], Allen & Robertson 1994:87 [ref. 22193], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox woodsi (Schultz 1944). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Cocos Island. Habitat: marine.

yoko, Kopua Fujiwara [K.], Okamoto [M.] & Motomura [H.] 2018:[11], Figs. 3b, 4c-d, 11-14, 18g-l [Ichthyological Research v. 65 (no. 4); ref. 35951] East China Sea, 32°05'36"N, 127°56'24"E-32°05'42"N, 127°55'42"E, depth 146 meters. Holotype: KAUM-I. 111771. Paratypes: YCM, NSMT. •Valid as Kopua yoko Fujiwara, Okamoto & Motomura 2018. Current status: Valid as Kopua yoko Fujiwara, Okamoto & Motomura 2018. Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae. Distribution: East China Sea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

yuma, Gobiesox Nichols [J. T.] 1917:876, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 37 (art. 37); ref. 15123] About 12 miles south of Sanibel Light, Estero Bay, western Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): AMNH 5737. •Synonym of Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870 -- (Briggs 1955:115 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

yumurina, Sicyases Howell Rivero [L.] 1936:74 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 41 (no. 4); ref. 12257] Reef at entrance of bay at Matanzas, Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 34153. Paratypes: MCZ 34154 (3, now 2); USNM 122616 [ex MCZ 34154] (1). •Synonym of Acyrtus rubiginosus (Poey 1868) -- (Briggs 1955:127 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Acyrtus rubiginosus (Poey 1868). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

zebra, Gobiesox Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:359 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 237); ref. 2470] Tide pools around Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Syntypes: AMS I.3719 (1), MCZ 35962 [ex. USNM] (3), USNM 29250 (now 47). •Valid as Tomicodon zebra (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Briggs 1955:61 [ref. 637], Szelistowski 1990:504 [ref. 20183], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:158 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:263 [ref. 25640], Briggs 2001:646 [ref. 25451], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], González-Murcia et al. 2019:296 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Tomicodon zebra (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

zebrinus, Lepadogaster Lowe [R. T.] 1839:88 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 2829] Off Madeira, eastern Atlantic. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Lepadogaster zebrinus Lowe 1839 -- (Briggs 1955:36 [ref. 637], Briggs 1973:655 [ref. 7222], Briggs in Whitehead et al. 1986:1358 [ref. 13677], Briggs 1990:476 [ref. 15498]). •Valid as Lepadogaster zebrina Lowe 1839 -- (Hofrichter 1995:131 [ref. 30502]). •Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Henriques et al. 2002:338 [ref. 26172], Almada et al. 2008:1154 [ref. 29550]). Current status: Synonym of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre 1788). Gobiesocidae: Lepadogastrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

zonatum, Discotrema Craig [M. T.] & Randall [J. E.] 2008:71, Fig. 4 [Copeia 2008 (no. 1); ref. 29543] Charaybdis Reef, Fiji, depth 10 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 38972. •Valid as Discotrema zonatum Craig & Randall 2008 -- (Fricke 2014:40 [ref. 33595]). Current status: Valid as Discotrema zonatum Craig & Randall 2008. Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae. Distribution: Fiji Islands. Habitat: marine.