Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Hemigaleidae: [ 17 ] records


acutiventralis, Paragaleus Chu [Y.-T.] 1960:68 [Cartilaginous fishes of China; ref. 21272] Bei-Hai, China. Holotype: SFI 54-694. Paratypes: SFI uncat. (1). Hemipristis elongata is probably the correct spelling. •Synonym of Hemipristis elongatus (Klunzinger 1871) -- (Compagno 1984:440 [ref. 6846], Bonfil & Abdallah 2004:25 [ref. 27735]). Current status: Synonym of Hemipristis elongata (Klunzinger 1871). Hemigaleidae. Habitat: marine.

australiensis, Hemigaleus White [W. T.], Last [P. R.] & Compagno [L. J. V.] 2005:40, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa No. 1077; ref. 28574] Northwest of Geraldton, Western Australia, 28°22'S, 113°49'E. Holotype: CSIRO H 5949-01. Paratypes: CSIRO H 5949-02 (1), CA 2502 (1), CA 2503 (1), H 1482-04 (1). H 6200-01 (1), CA 2504 (jaws), CA 2505 (jaws), CA 2506 (jaws), CA 2507 (jaws), CA 2508 (jaws), CA 2509 (jaws). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Hemigaleus australiensis White, Last & Compagno 2005 -- (Hoese & Gates 2006:94 [ref. 28997], Weigmann 2016:27 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:122 [ref. 35860], White & Ko'ou 2018:29 [ref. 35922]). Current status: Valid as Hemigaleus australiensis White, Last & Compagno 2005. Hemigaleidae. Distribution: Northern Australia: Western Australia to New South Wales; Timor and Arafura seas (need confirmation). Habitat: marine.

balfouri, Hemigaleus Day [F.] 1878:717, Pl. 185 (fig. 4) [The fishes of India Part 4; ref. 4887] Coromandel coast, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI F3169 (lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:154 [ref. 23762]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Valid as Negogaleus balfouri (Day 1878) -- (Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:223 [ref. 36138] as balfori). •Valid as Hemigaleus balfouri (Day 1878) -- (Ali et al. 2018:300 [ref. 36183]). •Synonym of Chaenogaleus macrostoma (Bleeker 1852) -- (Compagno 1984:437 [ref. 6846], Randall 1995:26 [ref. 22896], Compagno 1998:1308 [ref. 23785], Moore et al. 2012:6 [ref. 31771]). Current status: Synonym of Chaenogaleus macrostoma (Bleeker 1852). Hemigaleidae. Habitat: marine.

brachygnathus, Negogaleus Chu [Y.-T.] 1960:64, Figs. 58-59 [Cartilaginous fishes of China; ref. 21272] Yinge Hai, China. Holotype: SFI 55-1345. •Questionably a synonym of Hemigaleus microstoma Bleeker 1852 -- (Compagno 1984:439 [ref. 6846]). Current status: Uncertain as Hemigaleus microstoma Bleeker 1852. Hemigaleidae. Distribution: China. Habitat: marine.

ellioti, Carcharias Day [F.] 1878:716, Pl. 189 (fig. 2) [The fishes of India Part 4; ref. 4887] Karachi, Pakistan. Holotype: ZSI 2773 (dry, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:154 [ref. 23762]. Hemipristis elongata is probably correct. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Synonym of Hemipristis elongatus (Klunzinger 1871) -- (Compagno 1984:440 [ref. 6846], Compagno 1998:1310 [ref. 23785]). Current status: Synonym of Hemipristis elongata (Klunzinger 1871). Hemigaleidae. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Dirrhizodon Klunzinger [C. B.] 1871:665 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 21; ref. 2622] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): SMNS 1640 (dry, not found, probably lost). Type catalog: Fricke 1992:7 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:42 [ref. 29864]. Genus Hemipristis is feminine. •Valid as Hemipristis elongatus (Klunzinger 1871) -- (Compagno 1984:440 [ref. 6846], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:223 [ref. 36138], Paxton et al. 1989:81 [ref. 12442], Compagno 1998:1310 [ref. 23785], Morón et al. 1999:146 [ref. 24253], Compagno 1999:482 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S92 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Hemipristis elongata (Klunzinger 1871) -- (Dor 1984:8 [ref. 29757], Bass et al. 1986:79 [ref. 5638], Last & Stevens 1994:219 [ref. 23873], Goren & Dor 1994:4 [ref. 25356], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Bonfil & Abdallah 2004:25 [ref. 27735], Hoese & Gates 2006:95 [ref. 28997], Compagno et al. 2005:34 [ref. 29145], Last el al. 2010:82 [ref. 32461], Moore et al. 2012:7 [ref. 31771], Larson et al. 2013:7 [ref. 32988], White & Harris 2013:183 [ref. 33038], Ebert et al. 2013:327 [ref. 33045], Psomadakis et al. 2015:79 [ref. 34104] without ( ) around Klunzinger, Weigmann 2016:27 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:124 [ref. 35860], Ali et al. 2018:300 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:11 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:13 [ref. 36273], Kumar et al. 2018:296 [ref. 36178], Tyabji et al. 2018:13 [ref. 36598], White & Ko'ou 2018:30 [ref. 35922], Fernando et al. 2019:224 [ref. 36642]). Current status: Valid as Hemipristis elongata (Klunzinger 1871). Hemigaleidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf east to Philippines, north to southern China, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

ghardaqensis, Heterogaleus Gohar [H. A. F.] & Mazhar [F. M. M.] 1964:29, Pl. 2 (figs. 3-4); Figs. 13-16 [Publications of the Marine Biological Station Al-Ghardaqa (Red Sea) No. 13; ref. 1827] Hurghada, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea, depth 6 meters. Syntypes: MBSH uncat. (2). •Synonym of Hemipristis elongata (Klunzinger 1871) -- (Dor 1984:8 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Hemipristis elongatus [elongata] (Klunzinger 1871) -- (Compagno 1984:440 [ref. 6846], Randall 1995:26 [ref. 22896], Bonfil & Abdallah 2004:25 [ref. 27735]). Current status: Synonym of Hemipristis elongata (Klunzinger 1871). Hemigaleidae. Habitat: marine.

gruveli, Paragaleus Budker [P.] 1935:108, Figs. A-C [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 683] Near Dakar, Senegal, eastern Atlantic. Holotype: MNHN 1938-0028. Paratypes: (4) MNHN 1936-0032 and 0033 (2). Type catalog: Bertin 1939:73 [ref. 20739]. •Synonym of Paragaleus pectoralis (Garman 1906) -- (Compagno 1973:30 [ref. 7163], Branstetter in Whitehead et al. 1984:116 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:442 [ref. 6846], Springer 1990:100 [ref. 19320], Compagno 2016:1284 [ref. 34544]). Current status: Synonym of Paragaleus pectoralis (Garman 1906). Hemigaleidae. Habitat: marine.

leucolomatus, Paragaleus Compagno [L. J. V.] & Smale [M. J.] 1985:9, Figs. 2-8 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 37; ref. 5649] Southeast of Kosi Bay mouth, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 20 meters. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 21175. •Valid as Paragaleus leucolomatus Compagno & Smale 1985 -- (Bass et al. 1986:83 [ref. 5638], Compagno et al. 1996:391 [ref. 23174], Compagno 1999:482 [ref. 25589], Weigmann 2016:27 [ref. 34211], Fricke et al. 2018:11 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Paragaleus leucolomatus Compagno & Smale 1985. Hemigaleidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

longicaudatus, Negogaleus Bessednov [L. N.] 1966:302, Figs. 1-2 [Zoologicheskii Zhurnal v. 45 (no. 2); ref. 8010] Gulf of Tonkin, 17°53' - 18°10'N, 106°47.4 - 106°30'E. South China Sea, depth 32 meters. Holotype: MT 3590a (lost). Paratypes: MT 35906 (1). •Synonym of Paragaleus tengi (Chen 1963) -- (Compagno 1984:444 [ref. 6846], Compagno 1998:1311 [ref. 23785], Last el al. 2010:36 [ref. 32461], White & Harris 2013:173 [ref. 33038]). Current status: Synonym of Paragaleus tengi (Chen 1963). Hemigaleidae. Habitat: marine.

machlani, Hemigaleus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1929:231 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 40 (no. 2); ref. 10968] Jolo, Sulu Province, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 11429 (presumed destroyed). •Questionably a synonym of Hemigaleus microstoma Bleeker 1852 -- (Compagno 1984:439 [ref. 6846]). •Tentatively valid as Hemigaleus machlani Herre 1929 -- (Compagno et al. 2005:34 [ref. 29145]). •Synonym of Hemigaleus microstoma Bleeker 1852 -- (Last el al. 2010:81[ref. 32461]). Current status: Synonym of Hemigaleus microstoma Bleeker 1852. Hemigaleidae. Habitat: marine.

macrostoma, Hemigaleus Bleeker [P.] 1852:46, Pl. 2 (fig. 10) [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 24 (art. 12); ref. 333] Jakarta and Semarang, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1867.11.28.197 (1). •Valid as Chaenogaleus macrostoma (Bleeker 1852) -- (Compagno 1984:437 [ref. 6846], Randall 1995:26 [ref. 22896], Compagno 1998:1308 [ref. 23785], Compagno 1999:481 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S92 [ref. 27377], Last el al. 2010:78 [ref. 32461], Moore et al. 2012:6 [ref. 31771], White & Harris 2013:183 [ref. 33038], Ebert et al. 2013:326 [ref. 33045], Psomadakis et al. 2015:79 [ref. 34104], Weigmann 2016:27 [ref. 34211], Ali et al. 2018:300 [ref. 36183], Kumar et al. 2018:296 [ref. 36178]). Current status: Valid as Chaenogaleus macrostoma (Bleeker 1852). Hemigaleidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden, Persian Gulf east to southern Indonesia and to China and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

microstoma, Hemigaleus Bleeker [P.] 1852:46, Pl. 2 (fig. 9) [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 24 (art. 12); ref. 333] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1867.11.28.173 (1). •Valid as Hemigaleus microstoma Bleeker 1852 -- (Compagno 1984:439 [ref. 6846], Paxton et al. 1989:81 [ref. 12442], Last & Stevens 1994:218 [ref. 23873], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:59 [ref. 27969], Compagno 1998:1309 [ref. 23785], Compagno 1999:482 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Johnson 2001:719 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S92 [ref. 27377], Bonfil & Abdallah 2004:25 [ref. 27735], White et al. 2005:37, 47 [ref. 28574], Compagno et al. 2005:33 [ref. 29145], Last el al. 2010:80 [ref. 32461], Weigmann 2012:9 [ref. 31968], White & Harris 2013:183 [ref. 33038], Ebert et al. 2013:327 [ref. 33045], Weigmann 2016:27 [ref. 34211], Golani & Fricke 2018:13 [ref. 36273], Kumar et al. 2018:296 [ref. 36178]). Current status: Valid as Hemigaleus microstoma Bleeker 1852. Hemigaleidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden east to Indonesia and New Guinea, north to China, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

pectoralis, Hemigaleus Garman [S.] 1906:203 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 46 (no. 11); ref. 1542] Western Atlantic (locality in error). Holotype (unique): MCZ 847-S. Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xxxix [ref. 23119]. •Valid as Paragaleus pectoralis (Garman 1906) -- (Compagno 1973:29 [ref. 7163], Branstetter in Whitehead et al. 1984:116 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:442 [ref. 6846], Bass et al. 1986:84 [ref. 5638], Springer 1990:100 [ref. 19320], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:77 [ref. 25472], Compagno et al. 1996:391 [ref. 23174], Compagno 1999:482 [ref. 25589], Wirtz et al. 2013:115 [ref. 32972], White & Harris 2013:183 [ref. 33038], Weigmann 2016:27 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1284 [ref. 34544]). Current status: Valid as Paragaleus pectoralis (Garman 1906). Hemigaleidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

pingali, Hemipristis Setna [S. B.] & Sarangdhar [P. N.] 1946:253 [Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences of India v. 12 (no. 5); ref. 6848] Hemipristis elongata is probably the correct spelling. •Synonym of Hemipristis elongatus [= elongata] (Klunzinger 1871) -- (Compagno 1984:440 [ref. 6846], Bonfil & Abdallah 2004:25 [ref. 27735]). Current status: Synonym of Hemipristis elongata (Klunzinger 1871). Hemigaleidae. Habitat: marine.

randalli, Paragaleus Compagno [L. J. V.], Krupp [F.] & Carpenter [K. E.] 1996:393 [Fauna of Saudi Arabia v. 15; ref. 23174] Bahrain, Persian Gulf. Holotype: BPBM 21196. Paratypes: BPBM 19923 (1), SMF 28109 (1), SNMNH F55 (1), CAS-SU 67145 (1), USNM 202652 (1), ZMH 103119 [ex ISH 150-1965] (1). Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Paragaleus randalli Compagno, Krupp & Carpenter 1996 -- (Compagno 1999:482 [ref. 25589], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S92 [ref. 27377], Moore et al. 2012:7 [ref. 31771], Weigmann 2012:5 [ref. 31968], White & Harris 2013:183 [ref. 33038], Ebert et al. 2013:328 [ref. 33045], Weigmann 2016:28 [ref. 34211], Kumar et al. 2018:296 [ref. 36178], Tyabji et al. 2018:13 [ref. 36598]). Current status: Valid as Paragaleus randalli Compagno, Krupp & Carpenter 1996. Hemigaleidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman east to South China Sea, north to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

tengi, Negogaleus Chen [J. T. F.] 1963:77, Fig. 24 [Biological Bulletin, Tunghai University, Department of Biology, College of Science, Ichthyology Series No. 1; ref. 4449] Taichung Market, western Taiwan. Neotype: NMMB-P6452. Syntypes: THUP (now at NMMBP) 01802-04 (1, 1, 1) apparently lost. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:18 [ref. 31432]. Specimen in original drawing is THUP 1802, which should be considered as holotype (Ho & Shao 2011:18 [ref. 31432]). Neotype designated by White & Harris 2013:172 [ref. 33038] •Valid as Paragaleus tengi (Chen 1963) -- (Compagno 1984:444 [ref. 6846], Compagno et al. 1996:391 [ref. 23174], Compagno 1998:1311 [ref. 23785], Compagno 1999:482 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:136 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:136 [ref. 26001], Last el al. 2010:84 [ref. 32461], Ho & Shao 2011:18 [ref. 31432], Naylor et al. 2012:35 [ref. 34345] see remarks, White & Harris 2013:173 [ref. 33038], Ebert et al. 2013:328 [ref. 33045], Weigmann 2016:28 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Paragaleus tengi (Chen 1963). Hemigaleidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Taiwan to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.