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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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    Please look in Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes for authorships of sections, Families of Fishes (all), and related information.

Species in the family or subfamily Heterodontidae: [ 21 ] records


amboinensis, Cestracion Regan [C. T.] 1906:436 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 18 (no. 108) (art. 70); ref. 15711] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.11.28.183. •Synonym of Heterodontus zebra (Gray 1831) -- (Compagno 1984:164 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:48 [ref. 26323], Last el al. 2010:44 [ref. 32461]). Current status: Synonym of Heterodontus zebra (Gray 1831). Heterodontidae. Habitat: marine.

bonaespei, Heterodontus Ogilby [J. D.] 1908:26 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 21; ref. 3286] Table Bay, South Africa [locality questioned in literature]. Holotype (unique): QM I.1587 (jaws). Ogilby distinguished this species from Heterodontus philippi on the basis of the supposition that this species would not range as far west as S. Africa; appeared in Ogilby without distinguishing features and therefore unavailable. The "type" was redescribed by Reif 1973:165-167 [ref. 19152] but he did not treat the species as valid; this species name apparently was never published in an available way. •In the synonymy of Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer 1793) -- (Compagno 1984:160 [ref. 6474], Paxton et al. 1989:96 [ref. 12442], Last & Stevens 1994:115 [ref. 23873], Compagno 2001:42 [ref. 26323], Hoese & Gates 2006:60 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Synonym of Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer 1793). Heterodontidae.

californicus, Heterodontus Herald [E. S.] 1961:49 [Living fishes of the World; ref. 13600] Not available; mistake in text for Heterodontus francisci (Girard 1855) -- (Compagno 1984:156 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:36 [ref. 26323]). Current status: Synonym of Heterodontus francisci (Girard 1855). Heterodontidae.

francisci, Cestracion Girard [C. F.] 1855:196 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7 (no. 6); ref. 18001] Monterey Bay, California, U.S.A. Syntypes and/or Girard specimens: ?USNM 933 (2). •Valid as Heterodontus francisci (Girard 1855) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:24 [ref. 9277], Compagno 1984:156 [ref. 6474], Bussing & López S. 1994:20 [ref. 23101], Compagno et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:694 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:29 [ref. 24545], Compagno 1999:475 [ref. 25589], Thomson et al. 2000:282 [ref. 25640], Compagno 2001:36 [ref. 26323], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:22 [ref. 27705] dated 1854, Nelson et al. 2004:50 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:4 [ref. 37547], Castro 2011:175 [ref. 31457], Page et al. 2013:49 [ref. 32708], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:68 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:6 [ref. 34211], Kells et al. 2016:62 [ref. 35888], Ebert et al. 2017:52 [ref. 35618], Ehemann et al. 2018:20 [ref. 36194], Burton & Lea 2019:27 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Heterodontus francisci (Girard 1855). Heterodontidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: northern California (U.S.A.) south to Gulf of California (Mexico); ?Ecuador, ?Peru. Habitat: marine.

galeatus, Cestracion Günther [A.] 1870:416 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 8; ref. 1995] New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1862.7.2.2. •Valid as Heterodontus galeatus (Günther 1870) -- (Compagno 1984:157 [ref. 6474], Paxton et al. 1989:95 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:4 [ref. 23929], Last & Stevens 1994:113 [ref. 23873], Kuiter 1997:8 [ref. 25488], Compagno & Niem 1998:1240 [ref. 23787], Johnson 1999:720 [ref. 25471], Compagno 1999:475 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2001:38 [ref. 26323], Hoese & Gates 2006:60 [ref. 28997], Weigmann 2016:6 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Heterodontus galeatus (Günther 1870). Heterodontidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

heterodontus, Cestracion Sherrard [J. E.] 1896:42, 88 [Illustrated official handbook to the aquarium; ref. 31528] Hobson's Bay, Victoria, Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer 1793) -- (Compagno 1984:160 [ref. 6474], Last & Stevens 1994:115 [ref. 23873], Compagno 2001:42 [ref. 26323]). Current status: Synonym of Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer 1793). Heterodontidae. Habitat: marine.

jacksoni, Squalus Suckow [G. A.] 1799:102 [Naturgeschichte der Thiere v. 4, pt. 1; ref. 18858] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. No types known. Based on Squalus portusjacksoni. •Objective synonym of Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer 1793) -- (Compagno 1984:160 [ref. 6474], Paxton et al. 1989:95 [ref. 12442], Last & Stevens 1994:115 [ref. 23873], Compagno 2001:42 [ref. 26323]). Current status: Synonym of Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer 1793). Heterodontidae. Habitat: marine.

japonica, Cestracion philippi var. Duméril [A. H. A.] 1865:426 [Histoire naturelle des poissons ou ichthyologie générale v. 1; ref. 1150] Predates Cestracion japonicus Miklouho-Maclay & Macleay 1884; a petition to suppress this name made by Taylor 1971:107 apparently has not been acted on by the ICZN. Current usage favors continued use of authorship as Miklouho-Maclay & Macleay 1884. •Apparently an unneeded new name for Cestracion zebra Gray 1831. •Valid as Heterodontus japonicus (Duméril 1865) -- (Nakaya & Shirai in Masuda et al. 1984:3 [ref. 6441], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:220 [ref. 36138], Cheng & Zhou 1997:16 [ref. 26385]). •Questionably a synonym of Heterodontus japonicus Miklouho-Maclay & Macleay 1884 or Heterodontus zebra (Gray 1831) -- (Compagno 1984:158 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:39, 48 [ref. 26323]). Current status: Synonym of Heterodontus zebra (Gray 1831). Heterodontidae. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Heterodontus Miklouho-Maclay [N. de] & Macleay [W.] 1884:428, Pl. 20 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 4); ref. 14399] Tokyo, Japan. Holotype (unique): AMS B.68. Probably not technically available for use with this authorship, secondarily preoccupied by and apparently the same as Heterodontus japonicus [Cestracion philippi japonicus] (Duméril 1865) [following existing usage probably would allow continued dating to Miklouho Maclay & Macleay 1884]. •Valid as Heterodontus japonicus Miklouho-Maclay & Macleay 1884 -- (Compagno 1984:158 [ref. 6474] but with older japonicus Duméril questionably in synonymy). •Valid as Heterodontus japonicus Miklouho-Maclay & Macleay 1884 -- (Senou & Masuda 1998:2 [ref. 24388], Compagno 1999:476 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:117 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:578 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:117 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:49, 468 [ref. 26218], Compagno 2001:39 [ref. 26323], Yamashita et al. 2012:120 [ref. 32408], Ebert et al. 2013:302 [ref. 33045], Dyldin 2015:44 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:6 [ref. 34211], Sonoyama et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Heterodontus japonicus Miklouho-Maclay & Macleay 1884. Heterodontidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

mexicanus, Heterodontus Taylor [L. R., Jr.] & Castro-Aguirre [J. L.] 1972:125, Figs. 1-2, 5-6 [Anales de la Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, México v. 19; ref. 7158] Cerro Colorado, Sonora, Mexico, Gulf of California, depth 20 meters. Holotype: SIO 70-90. Paratypes: LACM W52-45 (1), W58-46 (2), 6552-3 (1), 8825-3 (2); SIO 15-333 (3) (ex UCLA W50-43), 59-101 (9), 60-112 (1), 62-236 (2), 64-19 (1), 65-250 (1), 65-257 (1 + 2 egg cases), 65-305 (2), 69-315 (1), 70-90 (18); UCLA W52-45 (1), W55-95 (1), W58-46 (2). •Valid as Heterodontus mexicanus Tayloy & Castro-Aguirre 1972 -- (Compagno 1984:159 [ref. 6474], Allen & Robertson 1994:18 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:20 [ref. 23101], Compagno et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:695 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:30 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:34 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:41 [ref. 24550], Compagno 1999:476 [ref. 25589], Thomson et al. 2000:282 [ref. 25640], Compagno 2001:41 [ref. 26323], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:23 [ref. 27705], Nelson et al. 2004:50 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:4 [ref. 37547], Castro 2011:179 [ref. 31457], Page et al. 2013:49 [ref. 32708], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:68 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:6 [ref. 34211], Ehemann et al. 2018:20 [ref. 36194]). Current status: Valid as Heterodontus mexicanus Taylor & Castro-Aguirre 1972. Heterodontidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of Baja California Sur and Gulf of California (Mexico) south to northern Peru. Habitat: marine.

omanensis, Heterodontus Baldwin [Z. H.] 2005:262, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 2005 (no. 2); ref. 28237] Northeast of Ra's al Madrakah, Gulf of Masira, central Oman, Arabian Sea, 19°46'N, 58°19'E, depth 72 meters. Holotype: UW 47592. Paratypes: UW 49546 (2). •Valid as Heterodontus omanensis Baldwin 2005 -- (Psomadakis et al. 2015:73 [ref. 34104], Weigmann 2016:6 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Heterodontus omanensis Baldwin 2005. Heterodontidae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Oman and Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

pantherinus, Cestracion Valenciennes [A.] 1846:no p., Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [Voyage autour du monde sur la frégate "la Vénus"; ref. 6165] Galápagos Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3445. Dates to publication in plate; corresponding text published as Valenciennes 1855:350 [ref. 4504]. •Objective synonym of Heterodontus quoyi (Fréminville 1840) -- (Compagno 1984:160 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:45 [ref. 26323]). Current status: Synonym of Heterodontus quoyi (Fréminville 1840). Heterodontidae. Habitat: marine.

peruanus, Gyropleurodus Evermann [B. W.] & Radcliffe [L.] 1917:2, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 95; ref. 1284] Lobos de Tierra Island, Peru. Holotype (unique): USNM 77691. Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:11 [ref. 21812]. •Synonym of Heterodontus quoyi (Fréminville 1840) -- (Compagno 1984:160 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:45 [ref. 26323]). Current status: Synonym of Heterodontus quoyi (Fréminville 1840). Heterodontidae. Habitat: marine.

philippi, Squalus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:134 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer 1793) -- (Compagno 1984:160 [ref. 6474], Paxton et al. 1989:96 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:91 [ref. 22532], Last & Stevens 1994:115 [ref. 23873], Compagno 2001:42 [ref. 26323], Hoese & Gates 2006:60 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Synonym of Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer 1793). Heterodontidae. Habitat: marine.

philippinus, Squalus Shaw [G.] 1804:341 [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer 1793) -- (Compagno 1984:160 [ref. 6474], Last & Stevens 1994:115 [ref. 23873], Compagno 2001:42 [ref. 26323]). Current status: Synonym of Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer 1793). Heterodontidae. Habitat: marine.

portusjacksoni, Squalus Meyer [F. A. A.] 1793:71 [Systematisch-summarische Uebersicht der neuesten zoologischen Entdeckungen in Neuholland und Afrika.; ref. 17684] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. No types known. Originally Portus Jacksoni; based on Port Jackson shark of Phillip 1789 [ref. 19745]; sometimes seen with Phillip as author. Name spelled Squalus port Jackson by Sonnini 1803:11 [ref. 30464]. •Valid as Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer 1793) -- (Compagno 1984:160 [ref. 6474], Paxton et al. 1989:95 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:17 [ref. 24556], Kuiter 1993:3 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:90 [ref. 22532], Last & Stevens 1994:114 [ref. 23873], Kuiter 1997:8 [ref. 25488], Compagno & Niem 1998:1240 [ref. 23787], Johnson 1999:720 [ref. 25471], Compagno 1999:476 [ref. 25589], Hutchins 2001:13 [ref. 25847], Compagno 2001:42 [ref. 26323], Hoese & Gates 2006:60 [ref. 28997], White 2008:32 [ref. 30617], Stewart 2015:56 [ref. 34215], Weigmann 2016:6 [ref. 34211], Hoschke et al. 2019:153[ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer 1793). Heterodontidae. Distribution: Australia and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

quoyi, Cestracion Fréminville [C. P. P.] 1840:3, Pl. 3 [Magasin de Zoologie, d'Anatomie Comparée et de Palæontologie (Sér. 2). v. 2 (Pt. 5); ref. 18095] Galápagos Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3445. Type catalog: Bertin 1939:66 [ref. 20739]. •Valid as Heterodontus quoyi (Fréminville 1840) -- (Compagno 1984:162 [ref. 6474], Allen & Robertson 1994:18 [ref. 22193], Compagno et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:696 [ref. 22829], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:49 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:34 [ref. 24555], Compagno 1999:476 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2001:45 [ref. 26323], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:187 [ref. 30957], Weigmann 2016:6 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Heterodontus quoyi (Fréminville 1840). Heterodontidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ramalheira, Gyropleurodus Smith [J. L. B.] 1949:367, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 2 (no. 17) (art. 30); ref. 4079] Off Inhambane, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHMM. •Valid as Heterodontus ramalheira (Smith 1949) -- (Compagno 1984:163 [ref. 6474], Bass 1986:48 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:220 [ref. 36138], Randall 1995:18 [ref. 22896], Compagno 1999:476 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2001:46 [ref. 26323], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S91 [ref. 27377], Bonfil & Abdallah 2004:17 [ref. 27735], Weigmann 2016:6 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Heterodontus ramalheira (Smith 1949). Heterodontidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

superciliosus, Squalus Forster [J. R.] 1794:131 [Die Neuesten Reisen nach der Botany Bay; ref. 22555] Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia. No types known. Name not in current literature but cited in Whitley 1935:223 [ref. 4683]. •Synonym of Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer 1793). Current status: Synonym of Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer 1793). Heterodontidae. Habitat: marine.

zebra, Centracion Gray [J. E.] 1831:5 [Zoological Miscellany [No. 1] (art. 6); ref. 1880] Swatow, China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1953.5.10.4 (dry skin). Original genus should have been Cestracion. •Valid as Heterodontus zebra (Gray 1831) -- (Nakaya & Shirai in Masuda et al. 1984:3 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:20 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:13 [ref. 15987], Last & Stevens 1994:115 [ref. 23873], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:53 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:40 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:1 [ref. 26476], Randall et al. 1997:13 [ref. 25919], Compagno & Niem 1998:1240 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:476 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:117 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:578 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:13 [ref. 25847], Randall et al. 1997:13 [ref. 25919], Compagno 2001:48 [ref. 26323], Nakabo 2002:117 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:49, 469 [ref. 26218], Compagno et al. 2005:15 [ref. 29145], Hoese & Gates 2006:61 [ref. 28997], Last el al. 2010:44 [ref. 32461], Yamashita et al. 2012:120 [ref. 32408], Naylor et al. 2012:56 [ref. 32267] see remarks, Larson et al. 2013:6 [ref. 32988], Ebert et al. 2013:302 [ref. 33045], Weigmann 2016:6 [ref. 34211], Motomura et al. 2017:19 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Heterodontus zebra (Gray 1831). Heterodontidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Japan southwards to Philippines, Borneo, Indonesia and northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

zebra, Cestracion Agassiz [L.] 1853:65 [Proceedings of the American Academy of Sciences v. 3; ref. 15809] China. No types known. Apparently objectively invalid, preoccupied by Centracion [sic] zebra Gray 1831. Heterodontidae. Habitat: marine.