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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Hexagrammidae: [ 32 ] records


aburaco, Hexagrammos Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1903:1008, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 26 (no. 1348); ref. 15034] Tokyo, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 7374. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7179 (now 1), 7196 (1); USNM 51330 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:125 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Hexagrammos otakii Jordan & Starks 1895 -- (Rutenberg 1962:48 [ref. 24028], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:125 [ref. 15964], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:4 [ref. 27292], Parin et al. 2014:230 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos otakii Jordan & Starks 1895. Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

agrammus, Labrax Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:56, Pl. 22A (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] Japon, Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Kyūshū, Japan, western North Pacific. Lectotype: RMNH 640 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH 630-639 (10, stuffed), 2072 (2); ZMB 11263 [ex RMNH] (1, dry). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:280 [ref. 19946], Paepke 2001:330 [ref. 25566]. Type information: Boeseman 1947:61 [ref. 12876] Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:61 [ref. 12876]. Agrammus schlegelii Günther 1860 is an unneeded replacement. Authorship is sometimes attributed to Schlegel in Temminck & Schlegel 1843. •Valid as Agrammus agrammus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Rutenberg 1962:35 [ref. 24028], Sheiko 1983:18 [ref. 37041], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:123 [ref. 15964], Cheng & Zhou 1997:424 [ref. 26385], Wang et al. 2001:294 [ref. 26566]). •Valid as Hexagrammos agrammus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:320 [ref. 6441], Kendall & Vinter 1984:11 [ref. 26201], Shinohara 1994:79 [ref. 21519], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:625 [ref. 25086], Shimizu 2001:27 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:625 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:571 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S66 [ref. 28300], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:3 [ref. 27292], Crow et al. 2004:992 [ref. 27948], Parin et al. 2014:228 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:60 [ref. 35138], Sonoyama et al. 2020:88 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Hexagrammos agrammus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Sea of Japan to Yellow Sea off southwestern Korea and Peter the Great Bay (Russia). Habitat: marine.

asper, Hexagrammos Tilesius [W. G. von] (ex Steller) 1810:340, PL. 15 (figs. 1-4) [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint Pétersbourg v. 2; ref. 12816] Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. See Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:4 [ref. 27292] for information on original description and author and for comments on early use of name asper. •Synonym of Hexagrammos stelleri Tilesius 1810 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:130 [ref. 15964], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:4 [ref. 27292], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:61 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos stelleri Tilesius 1810. Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

asper, Hexagrammus Steller [G. W.] in Pallas 1814:284 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Not available, appeared as name in the synonymy of Labrax hexagrammus Pallas 1814. See Hexagrammos asper Tilesius 1810. •In the synonymy of Hexagrammos stelleri Tilesius 1810 -- (Rutenberg 1962:39 [ref. 24028], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:9 [ref. 27292]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos stelleri Tilesius 1810. Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae.

azonus, Pleurogrammus Jordan [D. S.] & Metz [C. W.] 1913:47, Pl. 8 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 2490] Namp'o [Chinnampo], northwestern Korea. Holotype (unique): FMNH 55796 [ex CM 4558]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:93 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:67 [ref. 12367]. May be a subspecies or junior synonym of P. monopterygius (Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:6 [ref. 27292]). •Synonym of Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Pallas 1810) -- (Kendall & Vinter 1984:26 [ref. 26201], Nelson 1994:320 [ref. 26204], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:391 [ref. 25968]). •Valid as Pleurogrammus azonus Jordan & Metz 1913 -- (Rutenberg 1962:67 [ref. 24028], Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1983:281, 337 [ref. 8379], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:321 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:134 [ref. 15964], Shinohara 1994:79 [ref. 21519], Shinohara & Amaoka 1994 [ref. 21504], Kubota & Tsukada 1996:56 [ref. 24966], Tokranov 1998:425 [ref. 24679], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:624 [ref. 25086], Youn & Kim 2000:252, 572 [ref. 25178], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:26 [ref. 25650], Nakabo 2002:624 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:261 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S67 [ref. 28300], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:6 [ref. 27292], Crow et al. 2004:992 [ref. 27948], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:121 [ref. 31212], Parin et al. 2014:231 [ref. 33547], Tohkairin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 35331], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:61 [ref. 35138], Sonoyama et al. 2020:88 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Pleurogrammus azonus Jordan & Metz 1913. Hexagrammidae: Pleurogramminae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Okhotsk Sea and Pacific off northern Kuril Islands to Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

balias, Chirus Cope [E. D.] 1873:28 [5] [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 13 (for 17 Jan. 1873); ref. 929] Captains Harbor, Unalaska, Aleutians Islands, Alaska, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 12233. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:112 [ref. 13621]. On p. 5 of separate. •Questionably a synonym of Hexagrammos lagocephalus (Pallas 1810) -- (Rutenberg 1962:51 [ref. 24028]). •Synonym of Hexagrammos superciliosus (Pallas 1810) -- (Rutenberg 1962:56 [ref. 24028]). •Synonym of Hexagrammos lagocephalus (Pallas 1810) -- (Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:4 [ref. 27292], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:60 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos lagocephalus (Pallas 1810). Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

constellatus, Chirus Girard [C. F.] 1854:141 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1818] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 263. Also appeared in Girard 1858:42 [ref. 4911] and accompanying Pl. 19 appeared in Suckley 1860 [ref. 18856]. See Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:3 [ref. 27292] for type information. •Synonym of Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas 1810) -- (Rutenberg 1962:58 [ref. 24028], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:4 [ref. 27292]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas 1810). Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

decagrammus, Labrax Pallas [P. S.] 1810:386, Pl. 22 [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg v. 2; ref. 3350] Cape St. Elias, Alaska, U.S.A. Holotype: ZMB 31657 (dry). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:280 [ref. 19946]. Also in Pallas 1811:278, Pl. 62 (fig. 2). See Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:3 [ref. 27292] for comments on sexual dimorphism and species descriptions. •Valid as Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas 1810) -- (Rutenberg 1962:58 [ref. 24028], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:155 [ref. 9277], Kendall & Vinter 1984:12 [ref. 26201], Matarese et al. 1989:352 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:191 [ref. 14674], Shinohara 1994:79 [ref. 21519], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:394 [ref. 25968], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:3 [ref. 27292], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:36 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:156 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:64 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas 1810). Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Bering Sea south to southern California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

denarius, Chirus Richardson [J.] 1844:no page number, Pl. 41 (fig. 2) [Ichthyology.--Part 1. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur; ref. 3739] Sitka harbor, Alaska, U.S.A. No types known. Available from plate 41 [not 44] published in 1844, corresponding text published in 1845. Text published in Richardson 1845:78 [ref. 20574] (illustration not on pl. 44 as stated in text). See Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:3 [ref. 27292] for placement as a synonym. •Synonym of Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas 1810) -- (Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:3 [ref. 27292]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas 1810). Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Ophiodon Girard [C. F.] 1854:133 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1817] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 276 (2, now 1), others not found. See Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:5 [ref. 27292] for information on types. •Valid as Ophiodon elongatus Girard 1854 -- (Rutenberg 1962:74 [ref. 24028], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:156 [ref. 9277], Kendall & Vinter 1984:8 [ref. 26201], Matarese et al. 1989:346 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:192 [ref. 14674], Shinohara 1994:79 [ref. 21519], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:307 [ref. 24545], Musick et al. 2000:15 [ref. 24959], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:390 [ref. 25968], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:5 [ref. 27292], Nelson et al. 2004:118 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:121 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:37 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:158 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:64 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Ophiodon elongatus Girard 1854. Hexagrammidae: Ophiodontinae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: western Gulf of Alaska south to northern Baja California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

guttatus, Chirus Girard [C. F.] 1854:132 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1817] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 269. See Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:3 [ref. 27292] for information on types. •Synonym of Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas 1810) -- (Rutenberg 1962:58 [ref. 24028], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:3 [ref. 27292]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas 1810). Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

hexagrammus, Labrax Pallas [P. S.] 1814:284 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Petropavlovsk, Kamchatka, Russia ["Orientale Camtschatcae ... Portu SS. Petri et Pauli"]. Syntypes: ZMB 11369 (1, dry), 23571 (1, dry). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:281 [ref. 19946]. Type information: Svetovidov 1978:25 [ref. 6025]. •Synonym of Hexagrammos stelleri Tilesius 1810 -- (Rutenberg 1962:39 [ref. 24028], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:130 [ref. 15964], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:4 [ref. 27292], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:61 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos stelleri Tilesius 1810. Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

katsukii, Stellistius Jordan [D. S.] & Tanaka [S.] 1927:389, Pl. 34 (fig. 3) [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 17 (nos 3-4) (12); ref. 2537] off Muroran, Hokkaido, Japan, 42°21'N, 140°59'E. Holotype (unique): FMNH 59186 [ex CM 8329]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:93 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:81 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Stellistius katsukii Jordan & Tanaka 1927 -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:321 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Pleurogrammus azonus Jordan & Metz 1913 -- (Rutenberg 1962:67 [ref. 24028] with question, Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:134 [ref. 15964], Shinohara & Amaoka 1994 [ref. 21504], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:26 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:6 [ref. 27292], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:61 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Pleurogrammus azonus Jordan & Metz 1913. Hexagrammidae: Pleurogramminae. Habitat: marine.

lagocephalus, Labrax Pallas [P. S.] 1810:384, Pl. 22 (fig. 1) [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg v. 2; ref. 3350] Kuril Islands. Lectotype: ZMB 11371 (dry). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:281 [ref. 19946]. Also described in Pallas 1814:384 [ref. 3350]. Lectotype selected by Svetovidov 1978:26 [ref. 6025]. The species lagocephalus and superciliosus were described in the same work; Quast (1964 [ref. 26217]) apparently is the first reviser, selecting lagocephalus over superciliosus; superciliosus is sometimes treated as a separate species (see Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:3 [ref. 27292]). Type information: Svetovidov 1978:24 [ref. 6025]. •Valid as Hexagrammos lagocephalus (Pallas 1810) -- (Rutenberg 1962:51 [ref. 24028], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:155 [ref. 9277], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:320 [ref. 6441], Kendall & Vinter 1984:12 [ref. 26201], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:130 [ref. 15964], Matarese et al. 1989:354 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:191 [ref. 14674], Shinohara 1994:79 [ref. 21519], Cheng & Zhou 1997:427 [ref. 26385], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:625 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:26 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:395 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:625 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S66 [ref. 28300], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:4 [ref. 27292], Fedorov et al. 2003:62 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:118 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:228 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:36 [ref. 34694], Tohkairin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 35331], Kells et al. 2016:158 [ref. 35888], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:60 [ref. 35138], Burton & Lea 2019:64 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Hexagrammos lagocephalus (Pallas 1810). Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Distribution: North Pacific: Yellow Sea and Sea of Okhotsk (Japan) north to Bering Sea and Aleutian-Commander chain; eastern Pacific south to central California (U.S.A.). Habitat: brackish, marine.

lineatus, Grystes Ayres [W. O.] 1854:190 [The Pacific [newspaper] v. 3 and 4 (thru no. 6); ref. 157] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. No types known. Appeared first as above on 6 Oct.; then in Ayres 1854:9 [ref. 18923]. •Synonym of Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas 1810) -- (Rutenberg 1962:58 [ref. 24028], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:3 [ref. 27292]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas 1810). Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

maculoseriatus, Chirus Lockington [W. N.] 1880:55 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 120); ref. 17555] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 27370 (1), others not found. Originally as maculo-seriatus. See Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:3 [ref. 27292] for type information. •Synonym of Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas 1810) -- (Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:3 [ref. 27292]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas 1810). Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

monopterygius, Labrax Pallas [P. S.] 1810:391 [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg v. 2; ref. 3350] Unalaska Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, U.S.A. Lectotype: ZMB 11370 (dry). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:282 [ref. 19946]. Also in Pallas 1811:281, Pl. 63 (fig. 2). Lectotype selected by Svetovidov 1978:26 [ref. 6025]. •Valid as Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Pallas 1810) -- (Rutenberg 1962:62 [ref. 24028], Quast 1965:567 [ref. 26203], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:157 [ref. 9277], Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1983:337 [ref. 8379], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:321 [ref. 6441], Kendall & Vinter 1984:26 [ref. 26201], Matarese et al. 1989:348 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:191 [ref. 14674], Nelson 1994:320 [ref. 26204], Lowe et al. 1998:502 [ref. 24626], Nakabo 2000:624 [ref. 25086], Youn & Kim 2000:250 [ref. 25178], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:26 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:391 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:624 [ref. 26001], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:391 [ref. 25968], Choi et al. 2003:261, 572 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S67 [ref. 28300], Antonenko et al. 2003:281 [ref. 26893], Mel'nikov & Efimkin 2003:469 [ref. 27174], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:7 [ref. 27292], Fedorov et al. 2003:63 [ref. 27579], Chereshnev & Nazarkin 2004:375 [ref. 27886], Nelson et al. 2004:118 [ref. 27807], Crow et al. 2004:992 [ref. 27948], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:121 [ref. 31212], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:163 [ref. 34033], Kells et al. 2016:160 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:64 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Pallas 1810). Hexagrammidae: Pleurogramminae. Distribution: North Pacific: Korea, Sea of Japan and Sea of Okhotsk north to Bering Sea; eastern Pacific south to southern California (rare south of Alaska). Habitat: marine.

nebulosus, Chiropsis Girard [C. F.] 1858:45 [General report upon zoology of the several Pacific railroad routes, 1857; ref. 4911] Fort Steilacoom, Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 272, 273 (1, 1). •Synonym of Hexagrammos stelleri Tilesius 1810 -- (Rutenberg 1962:39 [ref. 24028], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:4 [ref. 27292], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:61 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos stelleri Tilesius 1810. Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

nudigenis, Hexagrammoides Gratzianov [V. I.] 1907:293 [Trudy Otdela Ichtiologii Imperatorskago Russkago Obshchestva Akklimatizacii Zivotnych' i Rastenii. v. 4; ref. 1871] Bering Island, Commander Islands, Russia. Holotype (unique): ZMMU (apparently lost). See Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:5 [ref. 27292] for information on types and for placement as a synonym based on an abnormal specimen of stelleri. •Synonym of Hexagrammos stelleri Tilesius 1810 -- (Rutenberg 1962:39 [ref. 24028] with question, Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:5 [ref. 27292], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:61 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos stelleri Tilesius 1810. Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

octogrammus, Labrax Pallas [P. S.] 1814:283 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Petropavlovsk, Avacha Bay, Kamchatka, Russia. Syntypes: ZMB 32046 (1, dry), others not found. Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:281 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Hexagrammos octogrammus (Pallas 1814) -- (Rutenberg 1962:43 [ref. 24028], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:156 [ref. 9277], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:320 [ref. 6441], Kendall & Vinter 1984:12 [ref. 26201], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:127 [ref. 15964], Matarese et al. 1989:356 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:191 [ref. 14674], Shinohara 1994:79 [ref. 21519], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:625 [ref. 25086], Zemnukhov et al. 2001:420 [ref. 25412], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:26 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:393 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:625 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:261, 571 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S67 [ref. 28300], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:4 [ref. 27292], Fedorov et al. 2003:62 [ref. 27579] as Pallas 1810, Nelson et al. 2004:118 [ref. 27807], Crow et al. 2004:992 [ref. 27948], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:121 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:229 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:163 [ref. 34033], Kells et al. 2016:158 [ref. 35888], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:60 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Valid as Hexagrammos octogrammus (Pallas 1814). Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Distribution: North Pacific: Bering Sea and Aleutian-Commander chain to northern British Columbia and to Okhotsk and Japan seas. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ordinatus, Chirus Cope [E. D.] 1873:28 [5] [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 13 (for 17 Jan. 1873); ref. 929] Unalaska, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 12237. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:113 [ref. 13621]. On p. 5 of separate. •Synonym of Hexagrammos octogrammus (Pallas 1814) -- (Rutenberg 1962:44 [ref. 24028], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:127 [ref. 15964], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:393 [ref. 25968], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:4 [ref. 27292], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:60 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos octogrammus (Pallas 1814). Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

otakii, Hexagrammos Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1895:800, Pl. 77 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 2522] Tokyo market, Japan. Lectotype: CAS-SU 3704 (with "drawn" label). Paralectotypes: (3) ?BMNH 1905.2.4.338 (1), CAS-SU 3704 (2?). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:125 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established (as figured specimen) in caption to Pl. 281, p. 3289 in Jordan & Evermann 1900 [ref. 2446] if figured specimen is identifiable. •Valid as Hexagrammos otakii Jordan & Starks 1895 -- (Rutenberg 1962:47 [ref. 24028], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:320 [ref. 6441], Kendall & Vinter 1984:11 [ref. 26201], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:125 [ref. 15964], Shinohara 1994:79 [ref. 21519], Shinohara et al. 1996:175 [ref. 26605], Cheng & Zhou 1997:426 [ref. 26385], Nakabo 2000:625 [ref. 25086], Balanov et al. 2001:768 [ref. 25917], Rutenko & Ivankov 2001:564 [ref. 25621], Shimizu 2001:27 [ref. 25799], Wang et al. 2001:295 [ref. 26566], Nakabo 2002:625 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:261, 572 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2002:S67 [ref. 28300], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:4 [ref. 27292], Jang et al. 2003:120 [ref. 27681], Crow et al. 2004:992 [ref. 27948], Kolpakov et al. 2005:714 [ref. 28422], Parin et al. 2014:230 [ref. 33547], Kwun et al. 2017:141 [ref. 37287], Sonoyama et al. 2020:88 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Hexagrammos otakii Jordan & Starks 1895. Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Yellow Sea, Sea of Japan and southern Okhotsk Sea. Habitat: marine.

pallasi, Octogrammus Bleeker [P.] 1874:371 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 8; ref. 435] Unneeded replacement name for Labrax octogrammus of Temminck & Schlegel (not of Pallas). •Synonym of Hexagrammos octogrammus (Pallas 1814) -- (Rutenberg 1962:44 [ref. 24028], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:4 [ref. 27292]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos octogrammus (Pallas 1814). Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

pantherina, Oplopoma Girard [C. F.] 1856:135 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 8; ref. 1809] Cape Flattery, Washington, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 275 (1), others not found. See Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:5 [ref. 27292] for information on types. •Synonym of Ophiodon elongatus Girard 1854 -- (Rutenberg 1962:74 [ref. 24028], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:5 [ref. 27292]). Current status: Synonym of Ophiodon elongatus Girard 1854. Hexagrammidae: Ophiodontinae. Habitat: marine.

pictus, Chirus Girard [C. F.] 1854:132 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1817] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 266 (2). •Synonym of Hexagrammos superciliosus (Pallas 1810) -- (Rutenberg 1962:56 [ref. 24028]). •Synonym of Hexagrammos lagocephalus (Pallas 1810) -- (Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:4 [ref. 27292], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:60 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos lagocephalus (Pallas 1810). Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

pictus, Oxylebius Gill [T. N.] 1862:278 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14; ref. 1666] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 4470. Status from Girard 1854, holotype definitely unique (CWM, June 2003). •Valid as Oxylebius pictus Gill 1862 -- (Rutenberg 1962:78 [ref. 24028], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:157 [ref. 9277], Kendall & Vinter 1984:3 [ref. 26201], Matarese et al. 1989:342 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:192 [ref. 14674], Shinohara 1994:79 [ref. 21519], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:389 [ref. 25968], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:6 [ref. 27292], Nelson et al. 2004:118 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:121 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:37 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:160 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:64 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Oxylebius pictus Gill 1862. Hexagrammidae: Oxylebiinae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: northern Gulf of Alaska south to northern Baja California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

pingi, Hexagrammos Wu [H.-W.] & Wang [K. F.] 1931:2, Fig. 2 [Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China. (Zoological Series) v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 16407] Chefoo, Shantung Province, China. Holotype: Mus. Biol. Lab. Sci. Soc. China 7890. Paratypes: Mus. Biol. Lab. Sci. Soc. China 7891 (?). •Synonym of Hexagrammos otakii Jordan & Starks 1895 -- (Rutenberg 1962:48 [ref. 24028], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:125 [ref. 15964], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:4 [ref. 27292]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos otakii Jordan & Starks 1895. Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

scaber, Hexagrammus Bean [T. H.] 1881:154 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 210); ref. 223] Amchitka and Unalaska, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 23961 (1), 27920 (1). •Synonym of Hexagrammos superciliosus (Pallas 1810) -- (Rutenberg 1962:56 [ref. 24028]). •Synonym of Hexagrammos lagocephalus (Pallas 1810) -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:395 [ref. 25968], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:4 [ref. 27292], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:60 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos lagocephalus (Pallas 1810). Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

schlegelii, Agrammus Günther [A.] 1860:94 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 640 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH 630-639 (10, stuffed), 2072 (2); ZMB 11263 (1, dry). Unneeded replacement name for Labrax agrammus Temminck & Schlegel 1843. •Synonym of Agrammus agrammus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Rutenberg 1962:35 [ref. 24028]). •Synonym of Hexagrammos agrammus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:3 [ref. 27292], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:60 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos agrammus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

stelleri, Hexagrammos Tilesius [W. G. von] 1810:335, Pl. 15 [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint Pétersbourg v. 2; ref. 12816] Petropavlovsk, Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. •Valid as Hexagrammos stelleri Tilesius 1810 -- (Rutenberg 1962:39 [ref. 24028], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:156 [ref. 9277], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:320 [ref. 6441], Kendall & Vinter 1984:12 [ref. 26201], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:130 [ref. 15964], Matarese et al. 1989:358 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:191 [ref. 14674], Shinohara 1994:79 [ref. 21519], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:625 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:26 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:392 [ref. 25968], Zemnukhov et al. 2001:420 [ref. 25412], Nakabo 2002:625 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2002:S67 [ref. 28300], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:4 [ref. 27292], Fedorov et al. 2003:63 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:118 [ref. 27807], Mecklenburg et al. 2007:173 [ref. 29448], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:121 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:121 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:230 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:163 [ref. 34033], Pietsch & Orr 2015:37 [ref. 34694], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:45 [ref. 34440], Kells et al. 2016:158 [ref. 35888], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:61 [ref. 35138], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:182 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Hexagrammos stelleri Tilesius 1810. Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Distribution: North Pacific and adjacent Arctic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

superciliosus, Labrax Pallas [P. S.] 1810:388 [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg v. 2; ref. 3350] Unalaska Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, U.S.A. Syntypes: ZMB 11372 (1, dry), 11373 (1, dry). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:281 [ref. 19946]. Also in Pallas 1814:279, Pl. 63 (fig. 1). Sometimes treated as a separate species. Type information: Svetovidov 1978:26 [ref. 6025]. •Valid as Hexagrammos superciliosus (Pallas 1810) -- (Rutenberg 1962:55 [ref. 24028], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:132 [ref. 15964], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:26 [ref. 25650], Parin et al. 2002:S67 [ref. 28300]). •Synonym of Hexagrammos lagocephalus (Pallas 1810) -- (Kendall & Vinter 1984:20 [ref. 26201], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:395 [ref. 25968], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:4 [ref. 27292], Crow et al. 2004:992 [ref. 27948], Parin et al. 2014:228 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:60 [ref. 35138] with question). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos lagocephalus (Pallas 1810). Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.

trigrammus, Chirus Cope [E. D.] 1873:29 [6] [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 13 (for 17 Jan. 1873); ref. 929] Unalaska, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 12232. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:113 [ref. 13621]. On p. 6 of separate. •Synonym of Hexagrammos stelleri Tilesius 1810 -- (Rutenberg 1962:39 [ref. 24028], Mecklenburg & Eschmeyer 2003:5 [ref. 27292], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:61 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Hexagrammos stelleri Tilesius 1810. Hexagrammidae: Hexagramminae. Habitat: marine.