Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Iguanodectidae: [ 40 ] records


adujai, Iguanodectes Géry [J.] 1970:419, Fig. 2 (no. 2) [Amazoniana v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 1592] Rio Adujá, Rio Itú, tributary of middle Rio Negro, Amazonia, Brazil. Holotype: MHNG 2229.06 [ex Géry coll. 0616]. Paratypes: (4) ZMA 113867 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:21 [ref. 19236], Weber 1998:8 [ref. 23532]. •Valid as Iguanodectes adujai Géry 1970 -- (Géry 1993:97 [ref. 20969], Moreira in Reis et al. 2003:172 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Iguanodectes adujai Géry 1970. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Amazon and Orinoco river basins: Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

affinis, Tetragonopterus Günther [A.] 1864:329 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Guyana. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1969.12.13. 1. •Valid as Bryconops affinis (Günther 1864) -- (Géry et al. 1991:50 [ref. 21021], Taphorn 1992:140 [ref. 23654], Machado-Allison et al. 1993:9 [ref. 22035], Planquette et al. 1996:264 [ref. 22818], Machado-Allison et al. 1996:45 [ref. 23463], Britski et al. 1999:34 [ref. 24147], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 1999:369 [ref. 24235], Buckup in Reis et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27061], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005:21 [ref. 28573], Mirande 2010:488 [ref. 31006], Wingert & Malabarba 2011:474 [ref. 31515], Sarmiento et al. 2014:184 [ref. 35004], Melo et al. 2016:133 [ref. 34701], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2018:380 [ref. 36284], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:11 [ref. 36769]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops affinis (Günther 1864). Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Amazon and Orinoco river basins: Brazil, Colombia, Bolivia, French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname. Habitat: freshwater.

alburnoides, Bryconops Kner [R.] 1858:80 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 30 (no. 13); ref. 13404] Rio Guaporé, Rio Madeira basin, Brazil. Syntypes: NMW 5994 (1), 16170 (1, dry), 62843-45 (2, 2, 2). Appeared in more detail in Kner 1859:179 [ref. 2631]; name misspelled alburnus in caption to Fig. 22. •Valid as Bryconops alburnoides Kner 1858 -- (Machado-Allison et al. 1993:6 [ref. 22035], Machado-Allison et al. 1996:45 [ref. 23463], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 1999:368 [ref. 24235], Buckup in Reis et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27061], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005:20 [ref. 28573], Wingert & Malabarba 2011:474 [ref. 31515], Barriga S. 2014:106 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:184 [ref. 35004], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2015:140 [ref. 33906], Guedes et al. 2016:[11] [ref. 34534] and as cf. alburnoides, DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2018:380 [ref. 36284], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:11 [ref. 36769], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:7 [ref. 36876]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops alburnoides Kner 1858. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Amazon and Orinoco river basins: Venezuela, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

allisoni, Bryconops Silva-Oliveira [C.], Canto [A. L. C.] & Ribeiro [F. R. V.] 2019:2, Figs. 1-2, 4b [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters IEF-1087; ref. 36876] Igarapé Corredor Ecológico, rio Tapajós basin, Belterra, Pará, Brazil, 03°07'08"S, 55°03'42"W. Holotype: INPA 56754. Paratypes: ANSP, INPA, MCP, UFOPA, UNT, ZUEC. •Valid as Bryconops allisoni Silva-Oliveira, Canto & Ribeiro 2019. Current status: Valid as Bryconops allisoni Silva-Oliveira, Canto & Ribeiro 2019. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Lower Rio Tapajós basin, Pará, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

argentinus, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] (ex Koelreuter) 1766:511 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Brazil. No types known. Unneeded replacement name for Trutta dentata Koelreuter 1763. •Synonym of Piabucus dentatus (Koelreuter 1763) -- (Moreira in Reis et al. 2003:173 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Piabucus dentatus (Koelreuter 1763). Iguanodectidae. Habitat: freshwater.

caudomaculatus, Piabucus Vari [R. P.] 1977:2, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 2612; ref. 7037] Río Matucare above junction with Río Mamoré at Puerto Siles, 12°49'N, 65°04'W, Dept. of Beni, Bolivia. Holotype: AMNH 32490. Paratypes: AMNH 32491 [not 32419] (1). •Valid as Piabucus caudomaculatus Vari 1977 -- (Moreira in Reis et al. 2003:173 [ref. 27061], Sarmiento et al. 2014:185 [ref. 35004]). Current status: Valid as Piabucus caudomaculatus Vari 1977. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Mamoré River basin, Bolivia. Habitat: freshwater.

caudomaculatus, Tetragonopterus Günther [A.] 1864:330 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] South America [probably Guyana]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1852.9.13.74. •Valid as Bryconops caudomaculatus (Günther 1864) -- (Machado-Allison et al. 1993:7 [ref. 22035], Chernoff et al. 1994:241 [ref. 22044], Planquette et al. 1996:266 [ref. 22818], Machado-Allison & Chernoff 1997:68 [ref. 23462], Machado-Allison et al. 1996:45 [ref. 23463], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 1999:368 [ref. 24235], Buckup in Reis et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27061], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005:7 [ref. 28573], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005:20 [ref. 28573], Wingert & Malabarba 2011:474 [ref. 31515], Barriga S. 2014:106 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:184 [ref. 35004], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2015:140 [ref. 33906], Guedes et al. 2016:[11] [ref. 34534] and as cf. caudomaculatus, Melo et al. 2016:133 [ref. 34701], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2018:380 [ref. 36284]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops caudomaculatus (Günther 1864). Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Coastal streams of the Guiana Shield, Orinoco and Amazon River basins: Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

chernoffi, Bryconops Silva-Oliveira [C.], Lima [F. C. T.] & Bogotá-Gregory [J. D.] 2018:373, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 4514 (no. 3); ref. 36284] Rio Ipixuna, a tributary of rio Maicuru, Monte Alegre, Pará State, Brazil, 1°29'23"S, 54°15'40"W. Holotype: ZUEC 14796. Paratypes: ANSP, CAS, FMNH, INPA, MCP, MPEG, MZUSP, UF, UFOPA, ZUEC. •Valid as Bryconops chernoffi Silva-Oliveira, Lima & Bogotá-Gregory 2018 -- (Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:19 [ref. 36769]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops chernoffi Silva-Oliveira, Lima & Bogotá-Gregory 2018. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Rio Maicuru drainage, lower Amazon basin, Pará State, Brazil Habitat: freshwater.

colanegra, Bryconops Chernoff [B.] & Machado-Allison [A.] 1999:365, Figs. 5, 7 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 10 (no. 4); ref. 24235] Río Carrao near base camp at Angel Falls, Bolivar, Venezuela. Holotype: MBUCV-V-27716. Paratypes: FMNH 45714 (2), 106510-12 (2, 33, 6); MBUCV-V-6875 (12), 26747 (20), 26764-65 (1, 6), 27714-15 (5, 51), 27718 (6). •Valid as Bryconops colanegra Chernoff & Machado-Allison 1999 -- (Chernoff et al. 2002:199 [ref. 26532], Buckup in Reis et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27061], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005:22 [ref. 28573], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2018:380 [ref. 36284], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:20 [ref. 36769]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops colanegra Chernoff & Machado-Allison 1999. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Caroní River basin, Venezuela and Rio Araguari basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

colaroja, Bryconops Chernoff [B.] & Machado-Allison [A.] 1999:363, Figs. 4, 6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 10 (no. 4); ref. 24235] Río las Clariats at Puente Las Claritas, at kilometer 86 on the El Dorado-Sta. Elena highway, 6°10'16.4"N, 61°25'33.9"W, Estado Bolivar, Venezuela. Holotype: MBUCV-V-27717. Paratypes: ANSP 168000-168001 (21, 8), 168005 (43), 168890 (2); FMNH 106507-09 (24, 33, 1); MBUCV-V-20770 (6), 26309 (2), 26509 (47), 27966-67 (33, 46). •Valid as Bryconops colaroja Chernoff & Machado-Allison 1999 -- (Chernoff et al. 2002:199 [ref. 26532], Buckup in Reis et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27061], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005:22 [ref. 28573], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2018:380 [ref. 36284], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:20 [ref. 36769]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops colaroja Chernoff & Machado-Allison 1999. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Cuyuní River basin in vicinity of Venezuela-Guyana border, Venezuela and Rio Cupari, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

collettei, Bryconops Chernoff [B.] & Machado-Allison [A.] 2005:13, 2B, 3B, 8 [Zootaxa No. 1094; ref. 28573] Río Nichare at Wakawajai, tributary of Río Caura, 6°19'21"N, 64°57'13"W, Bolivar state, Venezuela. Holotype: MBUCV-V-30780. Paratypes: ANSP 139597 (6); FMNH 109347 (1), 109348 (2), 109350 (3); MBUCV-V-30781 (2). •Valid as Bryconops collettei Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005 -- (Wingert & Malabarba 2011:474 [ref. 31515], Barriga S. 2014:106 [ref. 35745], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops collettei Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Amazon River basin: Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

cyrtogaster, Creatochanes Norman [J. R.] 1926:91 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 18 (no. 103); ref. 15602] Oyapock River, French Guiana. Syntypes: (many) BMNH 1926.3.2.495-514 (20), 1926.3.2.515-524 (10?). In genus Bryconops (Machado-Allison et al. 1993:15 [ref. 22035]). •Valid as Bryconops cyrtogaster (Norman 1926) -- (Géry et al. 1991:50 [ref. 21021], Planquette et al. 1996:268 [ref. 22818], Buckup in Reis et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27061], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2018:380 [ref. 36284], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:20 [ref. 36769]). •Synonym of Bryconops melanurus (Bloch 1794) -- (Chernoff et al. 1994:241 [ref. 22044], Koerber et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Bryconops melanurus (Bloch 1794). Iguanodectidae. Habitat: freshwater.

dentata, Trutta Koelreuter [I. T.] (ex Markgraf von Liebstadt) 1763:413, Pl. 14 (fig. 4) [Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae v. 8 (1760-1761); ref. 2654] Brazil. No types known. Based on the 'Piabucu' of Willughby (ex Markgraf von Liebstadt) 1686:204, Pl. N13, Fig. 4 [ref. 30164]. Named 'Piabvcv' in Markgraf von Liebstadt 1648:170 [ref. 30347]. •Valid as Piabucus dentatus (Koelreuter 1763) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:9 [ref. 9708], Géry et al. 1991:44 [ref. 21021], Planquette et al. 1996:234 [ref. 22818], Moreira in Reis et al. 2003:173 [ref. 27061], Guimarães et al. 2017:287 [ref. 36426]). Current status: Valid as Piabucus dentatus (Koelreuter 1763). Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Northern coastal drainages of South America: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

disruptus, Bryconops Machado-Allison [A.] & Chernoff [B.] 1997:68, Figs. 2-7 [Acta Biologica Venezuelica v. 17 (no. 2); ref. 23462] Pozos y Playas en la boca Caño Darigua, 7 kilometers south of San Carlos de Río Negro, Amazonas, Venezuela. Holotype: MBUCV-V-25003. Paratypes: MBUCV-V-11354 [not 13354] (15); MZUSP 18288 (13), 29486 (4), 51116 (52), 51118 (19), 51120 (15). Type catalog: Provenzano et al. 1998:4 [ref. 24196]. •Valid as Bryconops disruptus Machado-Allison & Chernoff 1997 -- (Chernoff & Machado-Allison 1999:368 [ref. 24235], Buckup in Reis et al. 2003:119-120 [ref. 27061], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005:21 [ref. 28573], Wingert & Malabarba 2011:474 [ref. 31515], Guedes et al. 2016:[11] [ref. 34534], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2018:380 [ref. 36284], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:20 [ref. 36769]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops disruptus Machado-Allison & Chernoff 1997. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Negro River basin: Venezuela and Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

durbini, Brycochandus Eigenmann [C. H.] 1908:106 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 52 (no. 6); ref. 1221] Rio Tapajós, Brazil. Syntypes: MCZ 20862 (2). Appeared originally as durbini, but named for Miss Marion Lee Durbin, therefore mandatory correction to durbinae. •In genus Bryconops -- (Machado-Allison et al. 1993:15 [ref. 22035]). •Valid as Bryconops durbinae (Eigenmann 1908) (often as durbini) -- (Machado-Allison & Chernoff 1997:68 [ref. 23462], Buckup in Reis et al. 2003:120 [ref. 27061], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005:21 [ref. 28573], Wingert & Malabarba 2011:474 [ref. 31515], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2015:140 [ref. 33906], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2018:380 [ref. 36284], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:20 [ref. 36769]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops durbinae (Eigenmann 1908). Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Tapajós River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

geisleri, Iguanodectes Géry [J.] 1970:422, Fig. 2 (no. 4) [Amazoniana v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 1592] Rio Jufaris, Igarapé de Paricá, Brazil, about 1°05'S, 62°10'W. Holotype: MHNG 2229.02 [ex Géry coll. 0617]. Paratypes: (57) ANSP 139716 (4), MNHN 1980-1441 (5), ZMA 113866 (3). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:21 [ref. 19236], Böhlke 1984:46 [ref. 13621], Weber 1998:8 [ref. 23532]. •Valid as Iguanodectes geisleri Géry 1970 -- (Géry 1993:97 [ref. 20969], Moreira in Reis et al. 2003:172 [ref. 27061], Mirande 2010:485 [ref. 31006], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Iguanodectes geisleri Géry 1970. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Amazon and Orinoco river basins: Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

giacopinii, Autanichthys Fernández-Yépez [A.] 1950:12, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Novedades Cientificas, Contribuciones Ocasionales del Museo de Historia Natural La Salle, Serie Zoológica No. 2; ref. 1323] Río Autana, about 8 kilometers above confluence in Río Sipapo, about 4°44'N, 67°37'W, Fed. Territory of Amazonas, Venezuela. Neotype: MBUCV-V-21510. Type catalog: Provenzano et al. 1998:4 [ref. 24196]. Holotype (AFY 48171) and paratypes (AFY 48235 (4)) apparently lost; neotype designated by Chernoff et al. 1994:239 [ref. 22044]. •Valid as Autanichthys giacopinii Fernández-Yépez 1950 -- (Géry 1992:78 [ref. 20972]). •Valid as Bryconops giacopinii (Fernández-Yépez 1950) -- (Machado-Allison et al. 1993:11 [ref. 22035], Chernoff et al. 1994:239 [ref. 22044], Machado-Allison et al. 1996:45 [ref. 23463], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 1999:369 [ref. 24235], Buckup in Reis et al. 2003:120 [ref. 27061], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005:21 [ref. 28573], Wingert & Malabarba 2011:475 [ref. 31515], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2015:140 [ref. 33906], Guedes et al. 2016:[11] [ref. 34534] as cf. giacopinii, DoNascimiento 2016:529 [ref. 34727], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:82 [ref. 35773], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2018:381 [ref. 36284], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:20 [ref. 36769]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops giacopinii (Fernández-Yépez 1950). Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Amazon and Orinoco river basins: Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilis, Creatochanes Eigenmann [C. H.] 1908:106 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 52 (no. 6); ref. 1221] Rio Tapajos, Brazil. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •In genus Bryconops (Machado-Allison et al. 1993:15 [ref. 22035]). •Valid as Bryconops gracilis (Eigenmann 1908) -- (Buckup in Reis et al. 2003:120 [ref. 27061], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:11 [ref. 36769]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops gracilis (Eigenmann 1908). Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Tapajós and Xingu River basins, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilis, Iguanodectes Géry [J.] 1993:100, Fig. 7 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 19 (no. 4) for 1992; ref. 20969] Rio Mamolé, affluent of Rio Cuiuini, Rio Negro system, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 45682. Paratypes: (2). Type catalog: Oyakawa 1996:470 [ref. 23140]. •Valid as Iguanodectes gracilis Géry 1993 -- (Moreira in Reis et al. 2003:172 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Iguanodectes gracilis Géry 1993. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Negro River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

humeralis, Bryconops Machado-Allison [A.], Chernoff [B.] & Buckup [P. A.] 1996:46, Figs. 3-5, 9 [Acta Biologica Venezuelica v. 16 (no. 2); ref. 23463] Río Cuao, Estado Amazonas, Venezuela. Holotype: MBUCV-V-25000. Paratypes: ANSP 159751-52 (17, 60); FMNH 85621 (7), 104894 (14), 105527-30 (2, 14, 4, 24); MBUCV-V-11345 (5), V-11358 (8, not 7), V-14865 (19), V-17862 (12). Type catalog: Provenzano et al. 1998:5 [ref. 24196]. •Valid as Bryconops humeralis Machado-Allison, Chernoff & Buckup 1996 -- (Chernoff & Machado-Allison 1999:368 [ref. 24235], Buckup in Reis et al. 2003:120 [ref. 27061], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005:21 [ref. 28573], Guedes et al. 2016:[11] [ref. 34534] as cf. humeralis, DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2018:381 [ref. 36284], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:20 [ref. 36769]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops humeralis Machado-Allison, Chernoff & Buckup 1996. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Orinoco River basin: Colombia and Venezuela and Rio Negro, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

imitator, Bryconops (Creatochanes) Chernoff [B.] & Machado-Allison [A.] in Chernoff, Machado-Allison, Provenzano, Willink & Petry 2002:195, Figs. 2, 3, 4a, 5, 6a, 7a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 13 (no. 3); ref. 26532] small branch of Río Caura at Raudal Cejiato, 5°33'28"N, 64°18'49"W, Estado Bolívar, Venezuela. Holotype: MBUCV-V-29605. Paratypes: FMNH 109352-53 (3, 3), 109355-60 (1, 1, 3, 10, 1, 2), 109362 (12); MBUCV-V-29606-11 (7, 3, 2, 3, 12, 2). •Valid as Bryconops imitator Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2002 -- (Buckup in Reis et al. 2003:120 [ref. 27061], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005:22 [ref. 28573]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops imitator Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2002. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Caura River basin, Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

inpai, Bryconops (Creatochanes) Knöppel [H.-A.], Junk [W. J.] & Géry [J.] 1968:231, Fig. 1b [Amazoniana v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 7901] A brook in the Reserva Ducke, Igarapé Barro Branco, Manaus, Amazon River, Brazil. Holotype: INPA 10798. Paratypes: Géry pers. coll. 0501 (?), Max Planck-Inst. Limnol. Plön, Germany (?), ANSP 112213 (2), MHNG 1336.55-75 (21), MNHN 1982-0544 (1), ZMA 113807 (2). Type catalog: Mahnert 1976:473 [ref. 21535], Nijssen et al. 1982:15 [ref. 19236], Böhlke 1984:48 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Bryconops inpai Knöppel, Junk & Géry 1968 -- (Machado-Allison et al. 1993:8 [ref. 22035], Machado-Allison et al. 1996:45 [ref. 23463], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 1999:368 [ref. 24235], Buckup in Reis et al. 2003:120 [ref. 27061], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005:21 [ref. 28573], Wingert & Malabarba 2011:475 [ref. 31515], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2015:140 [ref. 33906], Guedes et al. 2016:[11] [ref. 34534], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2018:381 [ref. 36284], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:20 [ref. 36769], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:7 [ref. 36876]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops inpai Knöppel, Junk & Géry 1968. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Amazon and Orinoco river basins: Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

lucidus, Bryconops Kner [R.] 1858:80 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 30 (no. 13); ref. 13404] Rio Branco, Amazon system, Brazil. Holotype (unique): NMW 62847. Appeared in more detail in Kner 1859:181, Pl. 9 [ref. 2361]. •Synonym of Bryconops alburnoides Kner 1858 -- (Machado-Allison et al. 1993:6 [ref. 22035], Buckup in Reis et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Bryconops alburnoides Kner 1858. Iguanodectidae. Habitat: freshwater.

magoi, Bryconops Chernoff [B.] & Machado-Allison [A.] 2005:9, Figs. 2C, 3C, 4, 5 [Zootaxa No. 1094; ref. 28573] Río Moquete at Paso Bajito, Anzoátegui State, Venezuela. Holotype: MBUCV-V-30782. Paratypes: FMNH 113936 (2), 113937 (2), 113938 (3); MBUCV-V-30783 (10), 30784 (2), 30785 (6). •Valid as Bryconops magoi Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005 -- (Wingert & Malabarba 2011:474 [ref. 31515], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2015:140 [ref. 33906] as Af. majoi, DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:11 [ref. 36769]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops magoi Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Amazon River basin: Colombia, Venezuela and Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

melanostoma, Piabuca Holmberg [E. L.] 1891:192 [Revista Argentina de Historia Natural (Buenos Aires) v. 1; ref. 2192] Formosa (Chaco), Argentina; Ansuncion, Paraguay. No types known. •Valid as Piabucus melanostoma Holmberg 1891 -- (Britski et al. 1999:50 [ref. 24147], Moreira in Reis et al. 2003:173 [ref. 27061] as melanostomus, López et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:78 [ref. 28131] as melanostomus, Mirande 2010:486 [ref. 31006], Barriga S. 2014:108 [ref. 35745] as melanostomus, Sarmiento et al. 2014:185 [ref. 35004], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Valid as Piabucus melanostoma Holmberg 1891. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Argentina, Ecuador, Bolivia, Paraguay and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

melanurus, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] 1794:104, Pl. 381 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 8; ref. 463] Suriname. Syntypes: ZMB 3588 (2). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:62 [ref. 24282]. On p. 84 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 11 [ref. 21381]. Spelled melanur in Lacepède 1803:279 [ref. 4930], spelled correctly on p. 271. •In genus Bryconops -- (Machado-Allison et al. 1993:15 [ref. 22035], Chernoff et al. 1994:241 [ref. 22044]). •Valid as Bryconops melanurus (Bloch 1794) -- (Géry et al. 1991:50 [ref. 21021], Taphorn 1992:146 [ref. 23654], Planquette et al. 1996:270 [ref. 22818], Britski et al. 1999:34 [ref. 24147], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 1999:369 [ref. 24235], Lasso et al. 2001:95 [ref. 25928], Chernoff et al. 2002:199 [ref. 26532], Buckup in Reis et al. 2003:120 [ref. 27061], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005:21 [ref. 28573], Mirande 2010:488 [ref. 31006], Wingert & Malabarba 2011:475 [ref. 31515], Sarmiento et al. 2014:184 [ref. 35004], Ramos et al. 2014:3 [ref. 35321] as cf. melanurus, Silva-Oliveira et al. 2015:140 [ref. 33906], Melo et al. 2016:133 [ref. 34701], Koerber et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35267], see DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[14] [ref. 35679], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2018:381 [ref. 36284], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:11 [ref. 36769], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:7 [ref. 36876]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops melanurus (Bloch 1794). Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Coastal streams of the Guiana Shield: Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, Guyana, French Guiana and Suriname. Habitat: freshwater.

munduruku, Bryconops Silva-Oliveira [C.], Canto [A. L. C.] & Ribeiro [F. R. V.] 2015:134, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 3994 (no. 1); ref. 33906] Pará State, Aveiro, igarapé Açu, tributary of the right margin of the Tapajós River, about 10 km of the city of Aveiro, 03°36’0.99’’S, 55°14’59.14’’W, Brazil. Holotype: INPA 46510. Paratypes: INPA, MCP, UFOPA. •Valid as Bryconops munduruku Silva-Oliveira, Canto & Ribeiro 2015 -- (Silva-Oliveira et al. 2018:381 [ref. 36284], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:20 [ref. 36769]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops munduruku Silva-Oliveira, Canto & Ribeiro 2015. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Tapajós River drainage, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

piracolina, Bryconops Wingert [J. M.] & Malabarba [L. R.] 2011:472, Figs. 1-4 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 31515] Vilhena, Igarapé Piracolina, rio Madeira basin, about 6 km west of Vilhena, near highway BR-364, 12°43'33"S, 60°11'34"W, Rondónia, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 44796. Paratypes: MCP 41504 (5, 2 c&s), MZUSP 105731 (2). •Valid as Bryconops piracolina Wingert & Malabarba 2011 -- (Guedes et al. 2016:[11] [ref. 34534], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2018:381 [ref. 36284], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:20 [ref. 36769], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:7 [ref. 36876]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops piracolina Wingert & Malabarba 2011. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Rio Madeira basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

polylepis, Iguanodectes Géry [J.] 1993:103, Figs. 10-11 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 19 (no. 4) for 1992; ref. 20969] Tributary of Rio Ituxiou, Rio Purus basin, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 45684. Paratypes: (1). Type catalog: Oyakawa 1996:471 [ref. 23140]. •Valid as Iguanodectes polylepis Géry 1993 -- (Moreira in Reis et al. 2003:172 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Iguanodectes polylepis Géry 1993. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Madeira and Purus River basins, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

purusii, Piabuca Steindachner [F.] 1908:63 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 45 (no. 6) (for 13 Feb. 1908); ref. 13415] Rio Purus, Brazil. Holotype (unique): NMW 56584. •Valid as Iguanodectes purusii (Steindachner 1908) -- (Géry 1993:98 [ref. 20969] as purusi, Chang & Ortega 1995:3 [ref. 24302] as purusi, Moreira in Reis et al. 2003:172 [ref. 27061], Barriga S. 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:48, 184 [ref. 35004], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633], Lucinda & Guedes 2018:232 [ref. 36202]). Current status: Valid as Iguanodectes purusii (Steindachner 1908). Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Amazon River basin: Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

rachovii, Iguanodectes Regan [C. T.] 1912:682 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 9 (no. 54); ref. 14864] Amazon River at Manaus, Brazil. Syntypes: (4) BMNH 1913.3.1.38-39 (2). •Valid as Iguanodectes rachovii Regan 1912 -- (Moreira in Reis et al. 2003:172 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Iguanodectes rachovii Regan 1912. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Amazon River basis and coastal rivers, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

rheorubrum, Bryconops Silva-Oliveira [C.], Sabaj Pérez [M. H.], Ota [R. P.], Rapp Py-Daniel [L. H.] 2019:2, Figs. 1-4, 8 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 166 (no. 1); ref. 36769] Rapids in narrow bedrock channel of left major braid of Xingu, rio Xingu (upper Volta Grande), Altamira, Pará, Brazil, 3°16'41.56"S, 52°2'18.35"W. Holotype: INPA 57879. Paratypes: ANSP, INPA, LIA, UFOPA, ZUEC. The adjective would be rheoruber if combined with a masculine genus. •Valid as Bryconops rheoruber Silva-Oliveira, Sabaj Pérez, Ota, Rapp Py-Daniel 2019. Current status: Valid as Bryconops rheoruber Silva-Oliveira, Sabaj Pérez, Ota, Rapp Py-Daniel 2019. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Xingu River basin, Pará, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

sapezal, Bryconops Wingert [J. M.], Chuctaya [J.] & Malabarba [L. R.] 2018:380, Figs. 1-5 [Zootaxa 4418 (no. 4); ref. 35927] Rio Sauê-Uiná downstream from a dam, near the highway BR-364, Rio Tapajós basin, Sapezal, Mato Grosso, Brazil, 13°32'22"S, 58°50'48"W. Holotype: MCP 44795. Paratypes: LIRP, MCP, MZUSP. •Valid as Bryconops sapezal Wingert, Chuctaya & Malabarba 2018 -- (Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:20 [ref. 36769]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops sapezal Wingert, Chuctaya & Malabarba 2018. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Rio Tapajós drainage, Amazon basin, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

spilurus, Piabuca Günther [A.] 1864:344 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Rio Cupai [= Rio Cupari], Rio Tapajós basin, Amazon River drainage, Pará State, Brazil. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1853.3.19.70. •Valid as Iguanodectes spilurus (Günther 1864) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:8 [ref. 9708], Géry 1993:97 [ref. 20969], Taphorn 1992:245 [ref. 23654], Lasso et al. 2001:96 [ref. 25928], Moreira in Reis et al. 2003:173 [ref. 27061], Barriga S. 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:48, 184 [ref. 35004], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Iguanodectes spilurus (Günther 1864). Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Amazon and Orinoco river basins: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

surinamensis, Creatochanes affinis Hoedeman [J. J.] 1952:199, fig. [Het Aquarium v. 22 (no. 9); ref. 22023] No differential description, not available. •In the synonymy of Bryconops melanurus (Bloch 1794). Current status: Synonym of Bryconops melanurus (Bloch 1794). Iguanodectidae.

tenuis, Iguanodectes Cope [E. D.] 1872:260, Pl. 8 (figs. 1, 1a) [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 23; ref. 921] Río Ambyiacu, Peru. Holotype (unique): ANSP (not found). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:55 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Iguanodectes spilurus (Günther 1864) -- (Moreira in Reis et al. 2003:173 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Iguanodectes spilurus (Günther 1864). Iguanodectidae. Habitat: freshwater.

tocantinensis, Bryconops Guedes [T. L. O.], Oliveira [E. F.] & Lucinda [P. H. F.] 2016:[2], Figs. 1-4 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 2) e150176; ref. 34534] Tocantins, Taguatinga, rio Conceição (tributary of rio Palma, upper rio Tocantins drainage), Brazil, 12°19'48.30"S, 46°25'4.20"W. Holotype: MCP 49199. Paratypes: MCP, MNRJ, MZUSP, UNT. •Valid as Bryconops tocantinensis Guedes, Oliveira & Lucinda 2016 -- (Silva-Oliveira et al. 2019:20 [ref. 36769]). Current status: Valid as Bryconops tocantinensis Guedes, Oliveira & Lucinda 2016. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Rio Tocantins drainage, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

transitoria, Creatochanes melanurus var. Steindachner [F.] 1915:49 [35], Pl. 1 (fig. 5) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse. v. 93; ref. 4244] Rupununi River and Rio Branco, Brazil. Syntypes: (several species) NMW 68532 (4), 68939 (3), 69213 (6, now 5). For type information, see Lucinda & Guedes 2018:231 [ref. 36202]. On p. 35 of separate; also in Steindachner 1917 [ref. 15259]. Species not listed in earlier abstract [ref. 18909]. •Valid as Bryconops transitorius (Steindachner 1915) -- (Buckup in Reis et al. 2003:120 [ref. 27061], Guedes et al. 2016:[11] [ref. 34534]). •Synonym of Bryconops melanurus (Bloch 1794) -- (Koerber et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Bryconops melanurus (Bloch 1794). Iguanodectidae. Habitat: freshwater.

variatus, Iguanodectes Géry [J.] 1993:101, Figs. 8-9 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 19 (no. 4) for 1992; ref. 20969] Igarapé Jatuarana, 5 kilometers above Samuel, Rio Guaporé, Rondonia, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 45683. Paratypes: (2). Type catalog: Oyakawa 1996:471 [ref. 23140]. •Valid as Iguanodectes variatus Géry 1993 -- (Moreira in Reis et al. 2003:173 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Iguanodectes variatus Géry 1993. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Branco, Guaporé, Trombetas and Urubu River basins, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

vibex, Bryconops Machado-Allison [A.], Chernoff [B.] & Buckup [P. A.] 1996:47, Figs. 6-8 [Acta Biologica Venezuelica v. 16 (no. 2); ref. 23463] Río Castaniapo, Salto Nieves, Estado Amazonas, Venezuela. Holotype: MBUCV-V-25002. Paratypes: FMNH 104895 (2), MBUCV-V-14058 (29). Type catalog: Provenzano et al. 1998:5 [ref. 24196]. •Valid as Bryconops vibex Machado-Allison, Chernoff & Buckup 1996 -- (Chernoff & Machado-Allison 1999:369 [ref. 24235], Buckup in Reis et al. 2003:120 [ref. 27061], Chernoff & Machado-Allison 2005:21 [ref. 28573], Silva-Oliveira et al. 2015:140 [ref. 33906] as aff. vibex). Current status: Valid as Bryconops vibex Machado-Allison, Chernoff & Buckup 1996. Iguanodectidae. Distribution: Cataniapo River basin, Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.