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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Lutjanidae: [ 398 ] records


acutirostris, Lutjanus Desmarest [A. G.] 1823:173 [13], Pl. 2 (fig. 1) of separate [Mémoires de la Société linnéenne de Paris v. 2; ref. 1120] Cuba. Cuvier specimens: MNHN 0000-8263 (2), B-2920 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:13 [ref. 21549]. On p. 13 of separate, Fig. 1, unnumbered Pl. after p. 24. •Synonym of Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Allen 1985:56 [ref. 6843], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:775 [ref. 15959]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

adetii, Diacopus Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:111 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Nouméa, Grande Terre, Province Sud, New Caledonia, southwestern Pacific. Syntypes: NMV 51855 (not found in 1997). Type catalog: Bauchot et. al. 1981:23 [ref. 21549]. Original genus should have been Diacope. •Valid as Lutjanus adetii (Castelnau 1873) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:17 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:52 [ref. 6843], Randall et al. 1990:177 [ref. 15987], Iwatsuki et al. 1993:54 [ref. 22462], Kuiter 1993:185 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:161 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:124 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:177 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:735 [ref. 25471], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:243 [ref. 25191], Anderson & Allen 2001:2861 [ref. 26099], Randall 2005:243 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1197 [ref. 29090], Iwatsuki et al. 2015:34 [ref. 34089]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus adetii (Castelnau 1873). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Queensland and New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island (Australia), Chesterfield Islands, Grande Terre and Isle des Pins (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

agennes, Lutjanus Bleeker [P.] 1863:49, Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 2) v. 18 (1862); ref. 395] Ashantee, Guinea. Lectotype: RMNH 5062. Paralectotypes: RMNH 193 (1). Lectotype selected and figured in Boeseman 1963:17-18, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [ref. 21734]. •Valid as Lutjanus agennes Bleeker 1863 -- (Allen 1985:53 [ref. 6843], Allen 1986:323 [ref. 6208], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:774 [ref. 15959], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:690 [ref. 21590], Afonso et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25466], Liu 2007:413 [ref. 30077], Wirtz et al. 2007:33 [ref. 30263], Wirtz et al. 2013:124 [ref. 32972], Félix et al. 2016:D [4] [ref. 34346], Carpenter in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2539 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus agennes Bleeker 1863. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Angola, Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

alboaureus, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:193, 239, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] [Nouvelle-France] Gulf of Mexico, U.S.A., western Atlantic. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:25 [ref. 21549]. Originally albo-aureus. Based on Commerson manuscript and figure. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

alboguttata, Diacope Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:445 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Malabar coast, Mumbai, India. Holotype: MNHN 0000-7990. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:7 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:65 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:112 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

albostriatum, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:237 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tropical western Atlantic. Holotype (unique): ZMB 353. •Synonym of Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Allen 1985:56 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

alexandrei, Lutjanus Moura [R. L. de] & Lindeman [K. C.] 2007:33, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 1422; ref. 29018] Camurupim Reef, Tamandaré, 8°49'S, 35°05'W, Pernambuco State, Brazil, depth 0.5 meters. Holotype: MZUSP 65664. Paratypes: (21) MZUSP uncat., USNM 388233 (1). •Valid as Lutjanus alexandrei Moura & Lindeman 2007 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:51 [ref. 33341], Veneza et al. 2019:9 [ref. 36715]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus alexandrei Moura & Lindeman 2007. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Maranhão to southern Bahia (Brazil endemic). Habitat: marine.

aloha, Rooseveltia Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1907:212, Fig. 3 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 26 (no. 623) (for 1906); ref. 10656] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 57784. •Synonym of Pristipomoides zonatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1985:155 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Pristipomoides zonatus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

altifrontalis, Lutjanus Chan [W. L.] 1970:23, Pl. 2; Figs. 10-17 [Hong Kong Fisheries Bulletin, Fisheries Branch of the Agriculture and Fisheries Department. Hong Kong. No. 1; ref. 808] Off the northeastern side of Taya Islands, South China Sea, depth about 40 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1969.4.30.2. Paratypes: USNM 203860 (1). Additional material (1, skeleton). •Valid as Lutjanus altifrontalis Chan 1970 -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:76 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:55 [ref. 19754]). •Synonym of Lutjanus erythropterus Bloch 1790 -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:36 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:78 [ref. 6843], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:275 [ref. 27969]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus erythropterus Bloch 1790. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

amabilis, Genyoroge De Vis [C. W.] 1884:145 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 17384] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. •Synonym of Lutjanus adetii (Castelnau 1873) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:17 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:52 [ref. 6843], Randall et al. 1990:177 [ref. 15987], Randall 2005:243 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:333 [ref. 28867], Allen et al. 2006:1197 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus adetii (Castelnau 1873). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

ambiguus, Mesoprion Poey [F.] 1860:152, Pls. 12 (fig. 4), 13 (fig. 18) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 9951. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:196 [ref. 22926] with holotype at MCZ. Published July 1860 •Valid as Lutjanus ambiguus (Poey 1860) -- (Allen 1985:54 [ref. 6843], Cervigón 1992:355 [ref. 23827]). •Intergeneric hybrid between Ocyurus chrysurus (Bloch 1791) and Lutjanus synagrus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Loftus 1992 [ref. 21221], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:318 [ref. 28815]). Current status: Uncertain as Lutjanus ambiguus (Poey 1860). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

amboinensis, Mesoprion Bleeker [P.] 1852:259 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 16825] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 5524 (2 of 27). Bleeker specimens: NMV 46315 (1). •Synonym of Lutjanus boutton (Lacepède 1802) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:27 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:66 [ref. 6843]). •Synonym of Lutjanus rufolineatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1995:11 [ref. 21857]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus rufolineatus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

amoenus, Platyinius Snyder [J. O.] 1911:530 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 40 (no. 1836); ref. 4152] Naha, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: USNM 68231. Paratypes: CAS-SU 21420 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:76 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Tropidinius amoenus (Snyder 1911) -- (Akazaki in Okamura et al. 1982:241, 383 [ref. 8256], Kyushin et al. 1982:69 [ref. 19754], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:167 [ref. 6441], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:507, 687 [ref. 8056]). •Synonym of Pristipomoides argyrogrammicus (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Allen 1985:145 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:11 [ref. 13770], Anderson & Allen 2001:2908 [ref. 26099], Mundy 2005:383 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Pristipomoides argyrogrammicus (Valenciennes 1832). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

analis, Diacope Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:534 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8216 (1), 0000-8217 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:7 [ref. 21549]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Lutjanus by Mesoprion analis Cuvier 1828. •Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:39 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:82 [ref. 6843], Fricke 1999:269 [ref. 24106], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

analis, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:452 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-0948 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:13-14 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Lutjanus analis (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen 1985:55 [ref. 6843], Robins & Ray 1986:168 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:136 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:351 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:128 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:305 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:251 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:160 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909], Anderson 2003:1489 [ref. 27091], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:82 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:323 [ref. 28815], Moura & Lindeman 2007:38 [ref. 29018], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Angulo et al. 2013:1000 [ref. 33194], Angulo et al. 2013:1000 [ref. 33194], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:50 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:19 [ref. 34324], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Spier et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:7 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus analis (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

andersoni, Pristipomoides Ginsburg [I.] 1952:91, Fig. 5 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 42 (no. 3); ref. 1805] Off Padre Island, Texas, U.S.A., 27°24'30"N, 96°13'00"W, depth 90 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 151882. Paratypes: (37) USNM 116971 (1), 116978 (6), 134190 (1), 154922-31 (1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 1, 1, 2, 3, 2), 154932-38 (1 ea.), 155392 (2). •Synonym of Pristipomoides aquilonaris (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Anderson 1966:820 [ref. 7939], Allen 1985:144 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:11 [ref. 13770]). Current status: Synonym of Pristipomoides aquilonaris (Goode & Bean 1896). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

angulus, Diacope Bennett [E. T.] 1831:127 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 16794] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:274 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Synonym of Lutjanus notatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:62 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:107 [ref. 6843], Fricke 1999:273 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus notatus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

annularis, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:484 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-5744 (2, dry) Indian Ocean, MNHN 0000-8310 (1, dry) no locality; RMNH 266 (1), 269 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:14 [ref. 21549], Bauchot & Daget 1996:241 [ref. 22899]. Described in the same year as Mesoprion annularis Cuvier in Guérin-Méneville 1828 [ref. 29508]. •Synonym of Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Dor 1984:141 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Lutjanus erythropterus Bloch 1790 -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:36 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:78 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus erythropterus Bloch 1790. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

apoda, Perca Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:351 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Bahamas. No types known. •Valid as Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Allen 1985:56 [ref. 6843], Robins & Ray 1986:173 [ref. 23100], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:774 [ref. 15959], Boschung 1992:136 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:352 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:131 [ref. 24474], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:156 [ref. 22947], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:304 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:251 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:160 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909], Collette et al. 2003:110 [ref. 26784], Anderson 2003:1490 [ref. 27091], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:82 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:324 [ref. 28815], Moura & Lindeman 2007:40 [ref. 29018], Matamoros et al. 2009:18 [ref. 31241], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:51 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:145, 149 [ref. 34961], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aquilonaris, Anthias Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:238 [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Florida, Gulf of Mexico, 28°36'00"N, 85°33'30"W, Albatross station A.2402 [not Fish Hawk], depth 111 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 37346. •Valid as Pristipomoides aquilonaris (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Anderson 1966:819 [ref. 7939], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:344 [ref. 14275], Allen 1985:144 [ref. 6843], Robins & Ray 1986:173 [ref. 23100], Anderson 1987:11 [ref. 13770], Akazaki & Iwatsuki 1987:329 [ref. 6699], Scott & Scott 1988:388 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:150 [ref. 14674], Boschung 1992:138 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:355 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:151 [ref. 24474], Leis & Lee 1994:100 [ref. 21402], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Claro et al. 2000:22 [ref. 26458], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Moore et al. 2003:226 [ref. 27076], Anderson 2003:1501 [ref. 27091], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:83 [ref. 27192] as aquilionaris, Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:335 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Pristipomoides aquilonaris (Goode & Bean 1896). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

aratus, Mesoprion Günther [A.] 1864:145 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 1) (art. 3) (for 22 Mar. 1864); ref. 13930] Chiapam, Guatemala; Pacific coast of Panama. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.1.26.273-274 (2) Chiapam, BMNH (2) Panama. •Valid as Lutjanus aratus (Günther 1864) -- (Heemstra 1974:23 [ref. 7125], Allen 1985:57 [ref. 6843], Allen & Robertson 1994:137 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:110 [ref. 23101], Allen in Fischer et al. 1995:1236 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:213 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:391 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:369 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:298 [ref. 24550], Thomson et al. 2000:120 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:408 [ref. 34894], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:S8 [ref. 36248], González-Murcia et al. 2019:304 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus aratus (Günther 1864). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

argentata, Perca Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:86 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] [No locality stated] Red Sea. Unneeded new name for Sciaena argentimacula Forsskål 1775 and Sciaena argentea Gmelin. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Perca argentata Bloch 1792. •Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:138 [ref. 29757]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

argentata, Perca Bloch [M. E.] 1792:86, Pl. 311 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 6; ref. 470] Japan. No types known. On p. 75 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 9 [ref. 21381]. Also see Sparus melanotus Lacepède 1802. •Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Parenti 2019:93 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

argentata, Sciaena Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1300 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Arabia, Red Sea. New name for Sciaena argentimaculata Forsskål 1775. •Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:18 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:58 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

argenteus, Mesoprion Hombron [J. B.] & Jacquinot [H.] in Jacquinot & Guichenot 1853:39, Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [Voyage au Pôle Sud et dans l'Oceanie v. 3 (pt 2); ref. 18307] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8391. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:14 [ref. 21549]. Kottelat (2013:343) dates to 1854. •Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:39 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:82 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

argentimaculata, Sciaena Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:47, xi [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] [No locality stated] Red Sea. No types known. As argenti-maculata on p. xi. •Valid as Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:74 [ref. 19756], Roberts 1978:59 [ref. 8886], Dor 1984:138 [ref. 29757], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:169 [ref. 6441], Allen & Talbot 1985:18 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:58 [ref. 6843], Allen 1986:323 [ref. 6208], Allen in Anderson 1986:574 [ref. 5634], Yu & Zhou in Kuang et al. 1986:240 [ref. 26639], Allen & Swainston 1988:78 [ref. 25477], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:524 [ref. 25598], Randall et al. 1990:178 [ref. 15987], Pethiyagoda 1991:219 [ref. 20075], Allen 1991:136 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:835 [ref. 20764], Ye in Pan et al. 1991:399 [ref. 23876], Kottelat et al. 1993:113 [ref. 23448], Kuiter 1993:186 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:37 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:197 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:272 [ref. 27969], Larson & Williams 1997:359 [ref. 23967], Allen 1997:120 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:170 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:82 [ref. 26476], Randall et al. 1997:178 [ref. 25919], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Myers 1999:144 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:266 [ref. 24106], Mishra et al. 1999:86 [ref. 25315], Johnson 1999:735 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:821 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:66 [ref. 25191], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:243 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:115 [ref. 25480], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:186 [ref. 25703], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:100 [ref. 26368], Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:241 [ref. 27511], Sakai et al. 2001:97 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2862 [ref. 26099], Allen et al. 2002:341 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:821 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:87 [ref. 27510], Seegers et al. 2003:42 [ref. 28087], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:197 [ref. 28072], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Randall 2005:244 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1197 [ref. 29090], Allen et al. 2008:133 [ref. 30265], Fricke et al. 2009:60 [ref. 30213], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:136 [ref. 31128], Motomura et al. 2010:118 [ref. 31256], Morgan et al. 2011:21 [ref. 31262], Allen & Erdmann 2012:444 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:259 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:130 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:84 [ref. 33932], Morgan et al. 2014:37 [ref. 36567], Psomadakis et al. 2015:241 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2015:24 [ref. 34709], Miesen et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34492], Koeda et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:128 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:325 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[21] 259 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:194 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:90 [ref. 36273], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2018:150 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:226 [ref. 36495], Arndt & Fricke 2019:20 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:79 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:151 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar, western Mascarenes and Persian Gulf east to Kiribati (Line Islands) and Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Greenough River (Western Australia), New South Wales (Australia), and Tonga; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: brackish, marine.

argentiventris, Mesoprion Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1869:704 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1869; ref. 14098] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico (purchased). Holotype (unique): ZMB 7069. •Valid as Lutjanus argentiventris (Peters 1869) -- (Villa 1982:172 [ref. 36708], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:215 [ref. 9277], Meisler 1985:1064 [ref. 22492], Allen 1985:60 [ref. 6843], Bussing 1987:174 [ref. 22927], Allen & Robertson 1994:138 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:110 [ref. 23101], Allen in Fischer et al. 1995:1237 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:214 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:389 [ref. 24023], Bussing 1998:278 [ref. 24179], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:370 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:300 [ref. 24550], Thomson et al. 2000:118 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:341 [ref. 28615], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], Angulo et al. 2013:1000 [ref. 33194], McMahan et al. 2013:449 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Barriga S. 2014:119 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:408 [ref. 34894], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:446 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:242 [ref. 35888], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:91 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:304 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus argentiventris (Peters 1869). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

argentoviolaceus, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:719, 720 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Les Grandes Indes. Originally argento-violaceus. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

argyreus, Mesoprion Ranzani [C.] 1842:354, Pl. 35 (fig. 1) [Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Instituti Bononiensis v. 5; ref. 9017] Brazilian seas. Holotype (unique): MZUB 984. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

argyrogrammicus, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:472 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7037. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:19 [ref. 21549]. Originally as argyro-grammicus. •Questionably a synonym of Pristipomoides zonatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1985:155 [ref. 6843]). •Valid as Pristipomoides argyrogrammicus (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Dor 1984:143 [ref. 29757], Allen 1985:145 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:11 [ref. 13770], Akazaki & Iwatsuki 1987:329 [ref. 6699], Kramer et al. 1994:74 [ref. 21258], Randall et al. 1997:514 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:277 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:830 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:488 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:325 [ref. 25995], Anderson & Allen 2001:2908 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:830 [ref. 26001], Randall et al. 2002:158 [ref. 26192], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495] dated to 1831, Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624] dated to 1831, Shinohara et al. 2005:434 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:383 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1205 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:62 [ref. 30213], Koeda et al. 2016:41 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pristipomoides argyrogrammicus (Valenciennes 1832). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Marshall and Society islands, north to southern Japan, south to off northwestern Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

ariommus, Aprion Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1883:142 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 6 (no. 355); ref. 18350] Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. Syntypes: (2). •Synonym of Rhomboplites aurorubens (Cuvier 1829) -- (Allen 1985:157 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Rhomboplites aurorubens (Cuvier 1829). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

arnillo, Mesoprion Poey [F.] 1860:154 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 9954 (2). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:197 [ref. 22926] with a holotype. •Synonym of Apsilus dentatus Guichenot 1853 -- (Allen 1985:22 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Apsilus dentatus Guichenot 1853. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

aubrietii, Lutjanus Desmarest [A. G.] 1823:177 [17], Pl. 2 (fig. 1, not 2) of separate [Mémoires de la Société linnéenne de Paris v. 2; ref. 1120] Cuba. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8301. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:13 [ref. 21549]. On p. 17 of separate, Fig. 1, unnumbered Pl. after p. 26. •Synonym of Lutjanus synagris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen 1985:119 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus synagris (Linnaeus 1758). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

aurantiaca, Diacope Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:536 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6367. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:7 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:39 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:82 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aureocaeruleus, Turdus Plumier [C.] in Lacepède 1801:480 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Not available, name taken from unpublished plate, mentioned in synonymy of Labrus plumierii. Lutjanidae.

aureovittatus, Mesoprion Macleay [W.] 1879:61 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 4 (pt 1); ref. 17576] Solomon Islands. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:37 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:80 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

auricilla, Arnillo Jordan [D. S.], Evermann [B. W.] & Tanaka [S.] 1927:668, Pl. 23 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 16 (no. 20); ref. 2454] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: CAS 348. •Valid as Pristipomoides auricilla (Jordan, Evermann & Tanaka 1927) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:112 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:75 [ref. 19754], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:167 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:146 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:11 [ref. 13770], Akazaki & Iwatsuki 1987:329 [ref. 6699], Winterbottom et al. 1989:37 [ref. 13251], Kramer et al. 1994:74 [ref. 21258], Leis & Lee 1994:100 [ref. 21402], Allen 1997:126 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:78 [ref. 26476], Randall et al. 1997:515 [ref. 25919], Adam et al. 1998:13 [ref. 23610], Fricke 1999:277 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:831 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:488 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2909 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:831 [ref. 26001], Randall et al. 2002:158 [ref. 26192], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Mundy 2005:383 [ref. 28379], Randall et al. 2005:123 [ref. 28745], Allen et al. 2006:1205 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:249 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:62 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pristipomoides auricilla (Jordan, Evermann & Tanaka 1927). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Comoros and Mascarenes, Andaman Sea east to Hawaiian Islands and Rapa, north to southern Japan, south to off northwestern Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

aurivittatus, Mesoprion Saville-Kent [W.] 1893:369 [The Great Barrier Reef of Australia; its products and potentialities; ref. 13269] Not available, name only; from Queensland, Australia. Lutjanidae.

aurolineatus, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:496 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Trincomalee, Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8383. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:14 [ref. 21549]. Originally as auro-lineatus. •Synonym of Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:37 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:80 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aurorubens, Centropristes Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:45 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Brazil; Martinique Island, West Indies; Santo Domingo. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-0915 (2) Santo Domingo, 0000-6982 (2) Martinique, 0000-7725 (1) Brazil. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:7 [ref. 21549]. Original genus should have been Centropristis. •Valid as Rhomboplites aurorubens (Cuvier 1829) -- (Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:342 [ref. 14275], Allen 1985:157 [ref. 6843], Robins & Ray 1986:173 [ref. 23100], Anderson 1987:19 [ref. 13770], Boschung 1992:138 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:356 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:154 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:50 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:255 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639], Moore et al. 2003:226 [ref. 27076], Anderson 2003:1504 [ref. 27091], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:83 [ref. 27192] dated 1828, Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:337 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:52 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:19 [ref. 34324], Spier et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Rhomboplites aurorubens (Cuvier 1829). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

aurovittatus, Mesoprion Agassiz [L.] in Spix & Agassiz 1831:121, Pl. 66 [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Atlantic off Brazil. Possible syntypes: MHNN 73 (1). Type catalog: Kottelat 1988:84 [ref. 13380]. •Synonym of Ocyurus chrysurus (Bloch 1791) -- (Allen 1985:129 [ref. 6843], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:778 [ref. 15959]). Current status: Synonym of Ocyurus chrysurus (Bloch 1791). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

axillaris, Diacope Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:532 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-8218. Paralectotypes: MNHN (not found). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:7 [ref. 21549] with MNHN 8218 as holotype; that specimen was designated lectotype by Eschmeyer 1998:181 [ref. 23416]. •Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:43 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:84 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

aya, Bodianus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:45, Pl. 227 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] Brazil. No types known. On p. 33 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. •Regarded as unidentifiable, possibly a sciaenid -- (Rivas 1966:119-120 [ref. 23910]), but that is probably incorrect. •See Bodianus purpureus Cuvier (also Poey). •Unidentifiable -- (Moura & Lindeman 2007:38 [ref. 29018]). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

bahiensis, Mesoprion Ranzani [C.] 1842:352, Pl. 34 (fig. 1) [Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Instituti Bononiensis v. 5; ref. 9017] Brazilian seas. Holotype (unique): MZUB 985. Family may be incorrect. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

barffi, Lutianus Curtiss [A.] 1938:97 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Lagoon near Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

bengalensis, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:102, Pl. 246 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] Bengalen [Bengal, Bay of Bengal, eastern Indian Ocean]. Lectotype: ZMB 303. Paralectotypes (?): ZMB 300 (1), 33057 (1, right skin). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:97 [ref. 24282]. On p. 82 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:97 [ref. 24282]. •Valid as Lutjanus bengalensis (Bloch 1790) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:68 [ref. 19756], Dor 1984:138 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:21 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:61 [ref. 6843], Goren & Dor 1994:37 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:197 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:124 [ref. 23977], Iwatsuki et al. 1999:314 [ref. 23961], Fricke 1999:266 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:820 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:100 [ref. 26368], Anderson & Allen 2001:2863 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:820 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:87 [ref. 27510], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:201 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:248 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2009:60 [ref. 30213], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:136 [ref. 31128], Motomura et al. 2010:118 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:445 [ref. 31980], Koeda et al. 2014:1 [ref. 35337], Iwatsuki et al. 2015:38 [ref. 34089], Psomadakis et al. 2015:241 [ref. 34104], Iwatsuki et al. 2016:526 [ref. 34361], Motomura et al. 2017:129 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:194 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:92 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus bengalensis (Bloch 1790). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India east to Indonesia and Philippines, north to Ryukyu Islands. Replaced in the western Indian Ocean by L. octolineatus (Cuvier 1828), and in the northwestern Indian Ocean and Red Sea by L. sapphirolineatus Iwatsuki, Al-Mamry & Heemstra 2016 [see ref. 34361]. Habitat: marine.

bengalensis, Lutjanus Forster [J. R.] 1795:16 [Zoologia Indica, sistens descriptiones animalium selectorum; ref. 18091] India. Name only. Based on Holocentrus bengalensis Bloch 1790. •In the synonymy of Lutjanus bengalensis (Bloch 1790). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus bengalensis (Bloch 1790). Lutjanidae.

bidens, Genyoroge Macleay [W.] 1882:230 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 7 (pt 2); ref. 17584] New Guinea. Syntypes: AMS I.16328-001 [ex MAMU F524] (2). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:207 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:43 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:84 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

biguttatus, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:507 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Trincomalee, Sri Lanka; Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7147 to 0000-7150 (1, 3, 3, 4); ZMB 136 [ex MNHN] (1) Sri Lanka. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:19-20 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Lutjanus biguttatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:22 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:62 [ref. 6843], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:283 [ref. 24014], Allen 1997:124 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:145 [ref. 23965], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:102 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:100 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2864 [ref. 26099], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:88 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:244 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1198 [ref. 29090], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:136 [ref. 31128], Allen & Erdmann 2012:445 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:85 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:152 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus biguttatus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives to Andaman Sea east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), south to Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia) and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

bitaeniata, Diacope Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:536 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0761. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:8 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Lutjanus bitaeniatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:24 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:63 [ref. 6843], Allen & Swainston 1988:78 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:120 [ref. 23977], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2865 [ref. 26099], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1198 [ref. 29090], Allen et al. 2013:40 [ref. 32521], Larson et al. 2013:130 [ref. 32988], Iwatsuki et al. 2015:38 [ref. 34089]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus bitaeniatus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

blackfordii, Mesoprion Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1878:176 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 1 (no. 24); ref. 18130] Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 21330. Paralectotypes: USNM 12515 (1, cast, apparently lost) Washington City market, USNM 20978 (1, cast, apparently lost) Savanna Bank. Description based primarily on USNM 21330 from Pensacola, which was designated lectotype by Eschmeyer 1998:237 [ref. 23416]; counts for 4 more specimens are given on p. 179. •Synonym of Lutjanus campechanus (Poey 1860) -- (Rivas 1966:122 [ref. 23910], Allen 1985:68 [ref. 6843], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:306 [ref. 24550]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus campechanus (Poey 1860). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

bleekeri, Mesoprion Günther [A.] 1859:208 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia; Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1858.4.21.34 (1), 1858.4.21.240 (1), 1858.4.21.262 (1). Based on specimens and on Mesoprion lineolatus of Bleeker 1849:46 [ref. 318]. •Synonym of Lutjanus biguttatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:22 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:62 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus biguttatus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

blochii, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:178, 210 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Japan. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:32 [ref. 21549]. Unneeded new name for Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790. •Objective synonym of Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790 -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:52 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:99 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

bohar, Sciaena Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:46, xi [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] No locality stated (Red Sea). Holotype (unique): ZMUC P4779 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:63 [ref. 9588]. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965: Pl. 14 [ref. 20847]. •Valid as Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:72 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:560 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:169 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:139 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:24 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:64 [ref. 6843], Allen in Anderson 1986:574 [ref. 5634], Allen & Swainston 1988:78 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:36 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:178 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:161 [ref. 25479], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:284 [ref. 24014], Senou et al. 1994:4 [ref. 24348], Goren & Dor 1994:37 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:198 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:273 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:120 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:82 [ref. 26476], Randall et al. 1997:178 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:145 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:267 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:15 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:825 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:244 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:116 [ref. 25480], Randall & Earle 2000:14 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:102 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:100 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2866 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:825 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:88 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:198 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:245 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:381 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1198 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:61 [ref. 30213], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:137 [ref. 31128], Motomura et al. 2010:118 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:446 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:259 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:130 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:85 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:241 [ref. 34104], Miesen et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34492], Koeda et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:129 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:194 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:90 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:20 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:152 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:156 [ref. 36626], Zajonz et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Kiribati (Line Islands) and Pitcairn Group, north to Ryukyu Islands (southern Japan), south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), Cape Moreton (Queensland, Australia), Lord Howe Island and Austral Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

borensis, Diacope Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:436 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Bora Bora, Society Islands. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:23 [ref. 21549]. Based on a drawing. •Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:43 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:84 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

bottonensis, Diacope Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:434 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] No locality. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:31 [ref. 21549]. Based on Lacepède's Holocentrus boutton. •Synonym of Lutjanus boutton (Lacepède 1802) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:26 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:66 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus boutton (Lacepède 1802). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

boutton, Holocentrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:331, 367 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Molucca Islands, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:48 [ref. 20740], Bauchot et al. 1981:24 [ref. 21549]. Based on Commerson manuscript. •Synonym of Lutjanus rufolineatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1995:11 [ref. 21857]). •Valid as Lutjanus boutton (Lacepède 1802) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:26 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:66 [ref. 6843], Allen & Swainston 1988:80 [ref. 25477], Iwatsuki et al. 1989:477 [ref. 12750], Allen 1997:124 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:184 [ref. 25488], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:100 [ref. 26368], Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:242 [ref. 27511] dated 1803, Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2867 [ref. 26099], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:88 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Allen & Erdmann 2012:446 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:85 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:152 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus boutton (Lacepède 1802). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Samoa, north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

brachypterus, Lutjanus Cope [E. D.] 1871:470 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 14 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 920] New Providence Island, Bahamas. Holotype (unique): ANSP 13309. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:126 [ref. 13621]. •Questionably a synonym of Lutjanus synagris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen 1985:119 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Uncertain as Lutjanus synagris (Linnaeus 1758). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

brevidentata, Paracaesio White [W. T.] & Last [P. R.] 2012:52, Figs. 1, 2a [Zootaxa No. 3418; ref. 32118] Tanjung Luar fish landing site, Lombok, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia (8°45'S, 116°35'E). Holotype (unique): MZB LM788. •Valid as Paracaesio brevidentata White & Last 2012. Current status: Valid as Paracaesio brevidentata White & Last 2012. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

brevirostris, Aprion Vaillant [L. L.] (ex Valenciennes) 1873:70 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (6th Série) v. 10; ref. 24189] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6788. Appeared as Aprion brevirostris Valenciennes in Guichenot 1863:24 [ref. 1943] as name only. Appeared in Vaillant 1873 first as Aprion brevirostris Val., and thereafter twice as Etelis brevirostris Val. •Synonym of Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1985:147 [ref. 6843], Fricke 1999:278 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

brighami, Serranus Seale [A.] 1901:7, Fig. 3 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 14358] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): BPBM 625. •Synonym of Pristipomoides zonatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1985:155 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:12 [ref. 13770], Anderson & Allen 2001:2915 [ref. 26099], Mundy 2005:384 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Pristipomoides zonatus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

buccanella, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:455 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Martinique Island and St. Thomas Island, West Indies. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8273 (1) Martinique, A-7739 (1, dry) St. Thomas. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:14 [ref. 21549] as holotype and paratype. •Valid as Lutjanus buccanella (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen 1985:67 [ref. 6843] as buccanellus, Robins & Ray 1986:171 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:136 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:352 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:133 [ref. 24474], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:252 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:160 [ref. 27754], Anderson 2003:1491 [ref. 27091], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:82 [ref. 27192] as bucanella, Smith et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:325 [ref. 28815], Moura & Lindeman 2007:38 [ref. 29018], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:51 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus buccanella (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

caballerote, Anthias Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Parra) 1801:310 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Locality not stated [Havana, Cuba]. No types known. Based on the 'Caballerote' of Parra 1787:52, Pl. 25 (fig. 1) [ref. 6840]. •Synonym of Lutjanus griseus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen 1985:88 [ref. 6843], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:777 [ref. 15959]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus griseus (Linnaeus 1758). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caeruleopunctata, Diacope Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:424 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Vizagapatam, India. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:23 [ref. 21549]. Originally caeruleo-punctata. Based on Russel, pl. 96. •Valid as Lutjanus caeruleovittatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:170 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:65 [ref. 6491] and Allen 1985:112 [ref. 6843] as coeruleopunctata). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

caeruleovittata, Diacope Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:530 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7045. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:8 [ref. 21549] as coeruleovittata. •Synonym of Lutjanus notatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:62 [ref. 6491] and Allen 1985:107 [ref. 6843] as coeruleovittata, Fricke 1999:273 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus notatus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

caerulescens, Aphareus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:487, Pl. 167 bis [=162 (sic) bis] [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Port Louis, Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN A-5703 (1) Mauritius. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:5, 31 [ref. 21549]. Name appeared as caerulescens in the text and as coerulescens on the plate. The plate number is given as 167 bis in index and list of plates but is mislabeled as 162 bis on the plate (note that there is another Pl. 162 bis depicting Oblata melanura (= Sparus melanurus Linnaeus 1758)). Also as coerulescens in literature. Unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Labrus furca Lacepède 1801. If regarded as based on literature and specimens, the holotype of Bauchot et al. is a syntype, otherwise there is no type. •Synonym of Aphareus furca (Lacepède 1801) -- (Allen 1985:18 [ref. 6843] as furcatus). •Synonym of Aphareus furca (Lacepède 1801) -- (Fricke 1999:263 [ref. 24106] as coerulescens). Current status: Synonym of Aphareus furca (Lacepède 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

caeruleus, Vegetichthys Katayama [M.] 1934:436, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Imperial Academy. Tokyo. v. 10 (no. 7); ref. 16433] Tokyo fish market (perhaps from Hatizyô Island, Idu Province), Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT (not seen in 1997). •Valid as Paracaesio caerulea (Katayama 1934) -- (Akazaki in Okamura et al. 1982:239, 383 [ref. 8256], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:168 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:132 [ref. 6843], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:503, 685 [ref. 8056] as caeruleus, Anderson 1987:14 [ref. 13770], Anderson et al. 1992:446 [ref. 20198], Leis et al. 1997:699 [ref. 23517], Nakabo 2000:832 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122] as caeruleus, Shinohara et al. 2001:325 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:832 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:434 [ref. 28370] as caeruleus, Motomura et al. 2010:120 [ref. 31256], White & Last 2012:51 [ref. 32118], Koeda et al. 2016:41 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Paracaesio caerulea (Katayama 1934). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

calveti, Diacope Cuvier [G.] (ex Quoy & Gaimard) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:429 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8208. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:8, 31 [ref. 21549]. Unneeded new name for Diacope timoriensis Quoy & Gaimard 1824; based on Pl. 57 (fig. 1) in Quoy & Gaimard 1824 with common name calvet. •Synonym of Lutjanus timorensis [sic, should be timoriensis] (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:75 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:121 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus timoriensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

campechanus, Mesoprion Poey [F.] 1860:149 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Campeche, Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 25235. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:196 [ref. 22926] with 1 specimen in MCZ 9982 as holotype [incorrect according to Rivas 1966:124 [ref. 23910] who regards the USNM specimen as the holotype.] Spelled campechianus in Poey 1870:317 [ref. 18563]. •Synonym of Lutjanus purpureus (Poey 1867) -- (Gomes et al. 2012:979 [ref. 32654] [but applied no date to campechanus]; still a synonym of campechanus (Poey 1860)). •Valid as Lutjanus campechanus (Poey 1860) -- (Rivas 1966:122 [ref. 23910], Allen 1985:68 [ref. 6843], Robins & Ray 1986:171 [ref. 23100], Potthoff et al. 1988:1 [ref. 11833], Boschung 1992:136 [ref. 23239], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:305 [ref. 24550], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Anderson 2003:1492 [ref. 27091], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:326 [ref. 28815], Moura & Lindeman 2007:38 [ref. 29018], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:51 [ref. 33341], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus campechanus (Poey 1860). Lutjanidae. Distribution: East coast of US and Gulf of Mexico, western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

canina, Genyoroge Steindachner [F.] 1869:149 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 6 (no. 19) (for 15 July 1869); ref. 20467] Lagos, Nigeria; Brazil. Syntypes: (3) NMW 41312 (1). Species later described in more detail in Steindachner 1870:305 [p. 16 of separate] [ref. 4217]. •Synonym of Lutjanus endecacanthus Bleeker 1863 -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm., 11/18/03, Moura & Lindeman 2007:38 [ref. 29018]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus endecacanthus Bleeker 1863. Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cantharoides, Aetiasis Barnard [K. H.] 1937:60, Fig. 2 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 32 (pt 2, no. 6); ref. 197] KwaZulu-Natal coast, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAM 18430. •Synonym of Paracaesio xanthura (Bleeker 1869) -- (Allen 1985:137 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1986:578 [ref. 5634], Anderson 1987:15 [ref. 13770], Anderson et al. 1992:457 [ref. 20198], Anderson & Allen 2001:2904 [ref. 26099]). Current status: Synonym of Paracaesio xanthura (Bleeker 1869). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

carbunculus, Etelis Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:127, Pl. 18 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Mahé, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6603. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:12 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Etelis carbunculus Cuvier 1828 -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:116 [ref. 19756], Anderson 1981:821 [ref. 5433], Kyushin et al. 1982:76 [ref. 19754], Tameka in Okamura et al. 1982:237, 382 [ref. 8256], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:167 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:26 [ref. 6843], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:503, 685 [ref. 8056], Anderson 1987:7 [ref. 13770], Allen & Swainston 1988:78 [ref. 25477], Pequeño 1989:61 [ref. 14125], Winterbottom et al. 1989:36 [ref. 13251], Kramer et al. 1994:73 [ref. 21258], Leis & Lee 1994:83 [ref. 21402], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:271 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:120 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:513 [ref. 25919], Adam et al. 1998:12 [ref. 23610], Fricke 1999:265 [ref. 24106], Francis et al. 1999:574 [ref. 24249], Nakabo 2000:828 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:487 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2857 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:828 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:336, 611 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:87 [ref. 27510], Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Shinohara et al. 2005:434 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:380 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1196 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:248 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:60 [ref. 30213], Larson et al. 2013:129 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:240 [ref. 34104], Roberts 2015:1280 [ref. 34193], Ali et al. 2018:325 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:193 [ref. 35805], Eagderi et al. 2019:79 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:151 [ref. 36673], Randall et al. 2019:181 [ref. 37132]). Current status: Valid as Etelis carbunculus Cuvier 1828. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Comores, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, Line Islands and Austral Islands, north to southern Japan, south to off Kimberleys (Western Australia), New Caledonia, northern New Zealand, and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

carnolabrum, Tangia Chan [W. L.] 1970:20, Pl. 1; Figs. 1-9c [Hong Kong Fisheries Bulletin, Fisheries Branch of the Agriculture and Fisheries Department. Hong Kong. No. 1; ref. 808] South China Sea, about 145 kilometers southeast of Hong Kong, depth 110-130 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1969.3.24.76. Paratypes: BMNH 1969.3.24.75 (1), 1969.3.24.77-78 (3), 1969.4.30.1 (1); USNM 203859 (3). Additional material: (3) for skeleton/vertebral studies. •Valid as Tangia carnolabrum Chan 1970 -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:98 [ref. 19756]). •Valid as Lipocheilus carnolabrum (Chan 1970) -- (Anderson et al. 1977:510 [ref. 116], Kyushin et al. 1982:78 [ref. 19754], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:168 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:32 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:15 [ref. 13770], Allen & Swainston 1988:78 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:120 [ref. 23977], Leis et al. 1997:699 [ref. 23517], Nakabo 2000:829 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2860 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:829 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Shinohara et al. 2005:434 [ref. 28370], Allen et al. 2006:1196 [ref. 29090], Larson et al. 2013:130 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:240 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2015:24 [ref. 34709], Fricke et al. 2019:151 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Lipocheilus carnolabrum (Chan 1970). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Arabian Sea east to Vanuatu, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

caroli, Lutianus Curtiss [A.] 1938:99 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Near Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

caroui, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:489 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Vizagapatam, India. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:26 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790 -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:53 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:99 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

carponotatus, Mesoprion Richardson [J.] 1842:28 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 9 (no. 55); ref. 21245] Port Essington, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: BMNH 1843.6.15.51 (skin). •Valid as Lutjanus carponotatus (Richardson 1842) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:28 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:69 [ref. 6843], Allen & Swainston 1988:80 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:178 [ref. 15987], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:273 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:122 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:359 [ref. 23967], Kuiter 1997:184 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:178 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:735 [ref. 25471], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:102 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:100 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2868 [ref. 26099], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:89 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1198 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:447 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:130 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:85 [ref. 33932], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2015:50 [ref. 34319] as carponotus, Motomura et al. 2017:129 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2019:152 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus carponotatus (Richardson 1842). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern China, north to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

castelnaui, Lutjanus Whitley [G. P.] 1928:215 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 4661] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16330-001 [ex MAMU F528] (2). Replacement name for Genyoroge unicolor Alleyne and Macleay 1877, secondarily preoccupied in Lutjanus by Neomesoprion unicolor Castelnau 1875. •Synonym of Lutjanus adetii (Castelnau 1873) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:17 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:52 [ref. 6843], Allen et al. 2006:1197 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus adetii (Castelnau 1873). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

catus, Coius Hamilton [F.] 1822:90, 369, Pl. 38 (fig. 30) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Larger Ganges estuaries, India. No types known. •In Lutjanus -- (Kottelat 2000:91 [ref. 25865]). •Synonym of Lutjanus johnii (Bloch 1792) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:46 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:94 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus johnii (Bloch 1792). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

caudalis, Mesoprion Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:537 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5326. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:14 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus lunulatus (Park 1797) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:50 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:98 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus lunulatus (Park 1797). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

caudanotatus, Mesoprion Poey [F.] 1851:[440], Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 9804, 9823, 9870, 9932, 9888. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:196 [ref. 22926]. Name dates from plate: Nov. 1851; text published June 1854. •Synonym of Lutjanus buccanella (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen 1985:67 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus buccanella (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

caxis, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Parra) 1801:284 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Locality not stated [Havana, Cuba]. No types known. Based on the 'Caxis' of Parra 1787:14, Pl. 8 (fig. 2) [ref. 6840]. •Synonym of Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Allen 1985:56 [ref. 6843], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:774 [ref. 15959]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cepedianus, Sparus Shaw [G.] 1803:473 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Indian Seas. Unneeded new name for Lutjanus alboaureus Lacepède 1802. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

chirtah, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:488 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Vizagapatam, India. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:26 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus erythropterus Bloch 1790 -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:36 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:78 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus erythropterus Bloch 1790. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

chrysops, Lutjanus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:113, Pl. 247 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] No locality. No types known. Genus spelled Lutjanus in text, Lutianus on plate. On p. 91 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

chrysotaenia, Mesoprion Bleeker [P.] 1851:170 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 16895] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype: RMNH 5531 (1 of 12). Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1880.4.21.37 (1), NMV 46508 (1). •Synonym of Lutjanus carponotatus (Richardson 1842) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:28 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:69 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus carponotatus (Richardson 1842). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

chrysurus, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:28, Pl. 262 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] Brazilian seas. No types known. On p. 25 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Lutjanus chrysurus (Bloch 1791) -- (Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909]). •Valid as Ocyurus chrysurus (Bloch 1791) -- (Allen 1985:129 [ref. 6843], Robins & Ray 1986:173 [ref. 23100], Anderson 1987:21 [ref. 13770], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:778 [ref. 15959], Cervigón 1992:355 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:148 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:254 [ref. 25013], Thomson et al. 2000:116 [ref. 25640], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:110 [ref. 26784], Anderson 2003:1500 [ref. 27091], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:83 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:334 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32972], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:52 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:19 [ref. 34324], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961]). Current status: Valid as Ocyurus chrysurus (Bloch 1791). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

civis, Diacope Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:444 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Seychelles. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0732. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:8 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier 1816) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:71 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:116 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier 1816). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

coatesi, Lutjanus Whitley [G. P.] 1934:176, Pl. 26 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 10 (pt 4); ref. 4679] Helix Reef off Townsville, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.4977. •Synonym of Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:25 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:64 [ref. 6843], Allen et al. 2006:1198 [ref. 29090], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

coccinea, Diacope Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:437 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Red Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:23 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Lutjanus coccineus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:80 [ref. 19756], Dor 1984:139 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:43 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:84 [ref. 6843], Golani & Fricke 2018:90 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:80 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

coeruleolineata, Diacope Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:93, Pl. 24 (fig. 3) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea; Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1712 or 1772. Paralectotypes: SMF 2983 (1). Originally coeruleo-lineata. Lectotype established by Dor 1984:139 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •Valid as Lutjanus coeruleolineatus (Rüppell 1838) -- (Dor 1984:139 [ref. 29757] as caeruleolineatus, Allen & Talbot 1985:29 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:70 [ref. 6843], Goren & Dor 1994:37 [ref. 25356] as caeruleolineatus, Randall 1995:198 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Psomadakis et al. 2015:242 [ref. 34104], Iwatsuki et al. 2016:526 [ref. 34361], Golani & Fricke 2018:90 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus coeruleolineatus (Rüppell 1838). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Socotra, Gulf of Oman and Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

colorado, Lutjanus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:351 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 237); ref. 2470] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1895.5.27.24-26 (3); USNM 28261 (1), 28305 (1), 28383 [not 28283] (1), 28386 (1). •Valid as Lutjanus colorado Jordan & Gilbert 1882 -- (Villa 1982:172 [ref. 36708], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:215 [ref. 9277], Allen 1985:71 [ref. 6843], Allen & Robertson 1994:138 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:110 [ref. 23101], Allen in Fischer et al. 1995:1238 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:215 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:369 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:299 [ref. 24550], Thomson et al. 2000:119 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:341 [ref. 28615], Angulo et al. 2013:1000 [ref. 33194], McMahan et al. 2013:449 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Barriga S. 2014:119 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:408 [ref. 34894], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Kells et al. 2016:242 [ref. 35888], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:91 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:304 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus colorado Jordan & Gilbert 1882. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

comoriensis, Lutjanus Fourmanoir [P.] 1957:111 [Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar. Série F. Océanographie v. 1; ref. 11992] Anjouan, Grand Comore, Comoro Islands, depth 80-120 meters. Syntypes: IRSMNB (4) (probably lost). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:25 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:43 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:84 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

coruscans, Etelis Valenciennes [A.] 1862:1166 [2] [Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences v. 54; ref. 4506] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6991 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:12 [ref. 21549]. On p. 2 of separate. •Valid as Etelis coruscans Valenciennes 1862 -- (Anderson 1981:821 [ref. 5433], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:167 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:27 [ref. 6843], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:501, 684 [ref. 8056], Anderson 1986:573 [ref. 5634], Anderson 1987:7 [ref. 13770], Kramer et al. 1994:73 [ref. 21258], Leis & Lee 1994:84 [ref. 21402], Randall et al. 1997:513 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:265 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:828 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:487 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:325 [ref. 25995], Anderson & Allen 2001:2858 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:828 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:196 [ref. 28072], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:205 [ref. 28072], Shinohara et al. 2005:434 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:381 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1196 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:249 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:60 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:117 [ref. 31256], Larson et al. 2013:129 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:84 [ref. 33932], Shinohara et al. 2014:262 [ref. 33330], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:114 [ref. 36167], Motomura et al. 2015:22 [ref. 34709], Psomadakis et al. 2015:240 [ref. 34104], Roberts 2015:1281 [ref. 34193], Koeda et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35333], Ali et al. 2018:325 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:194 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:151 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Etelis coruscans Valenciennes 1862. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island, Kermadec Islands, and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

cubera, Lutjanus Poey [F.] 1871:75 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 10 (no. 1-3) (art. 3); ref. 3506] Cuba. •Synonym of Lutjanus cyanopterus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen 1985:72 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus cyanopterus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cyanopterus, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:472 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8387. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:14 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Lutjanus cyanopterus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Villa 1982:172 [ref. 36708], Allen 1985:72 [ref. 6843], Robins & Ray 1986:172 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:387 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:150 [ref. 14674], Boschung 1992:137 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:352 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:135 [ref. 24474], Murdy et al. 1997:236 [ref. 23144], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:301 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:252 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909], Anderson 2003:1493 [ref. 27091], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:82 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:327 [ref. 28815], Moura & Lindeman 2007:38 [ref. 29018], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:51 [ref. 33341], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Spier et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus cyanopterus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cynodon, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:465 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Martinique Island, West Indies; Santo Domingo. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-5114 (1) Martinique, MNHN A-7740 (1, dry) Santo Domingo. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:14-15, 32 [ref. 21549] as holotype and paratype. Not regarded as a replacement name, based on literature and specimens. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Lutjanus by Sparus cynodon Bloch 1791. •Synonym of Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Bauchot et al. 1981:14 [ref. 21549] with 5114 as holotype, Allen 1985:56 [ref. 6843], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:775 [ref. 15959]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cynodon, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:114, Pl. 278 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] Java, Indonesia (not Japan). No types known. Probably not types (wrong species): ZMB 1115 (2). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:86 [ref. 24282]. On p. 91 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. Type locality erroneously given as Japan, but later corrected to Java by Bloch & Schneider 1801:276 [ref. 471]; vernacular name is Javanese. •Questionably a synonym of Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775) based on the description and not the specimens in ZMB 1115 -- (Paepke 1999:86 [ref. 24282], cited as personal communication of T. Yoshino). •Synonym of Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

cynodon, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:276 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Java, Indonesia. No types known. Not independent of Sparus cynodon Bloch 1791, but type locality corrected. •Questionably a synonym of Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775). Current status: Uncertain as Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

decacanthus, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:182, 218 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] America. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

decemlineata, Diacope Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:528 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] New Guinea; Trinquimale, Sri Lanka. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7976-0000-7978 (2, 1, 1) New Guinea, 0000-7979 (2) Trinquimale. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:8 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus quinquelineatus (Bloch 1790) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:63 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:111 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus quinquelineatus (Bloch 1790). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

decussatus, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:487 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Java, Indonesia. Holotype: RMNH D201 (dry). Possible types: SMF 3046 [ex RMNH] (1), 3053 [ex RMNH] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:26 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Lutjanus decussatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:169 [ref. 6441], Allen & Talbot 1985:30 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:73 [ref. 6843], Allen & Swainston 1988:80 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:179 [ref. 15987], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:284 [ref. 24014], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:274 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:122 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:179 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:145 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:823 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:102 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:100 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2869 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:823 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1199 [ref. 29090], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:137 [ref. 31128], Motomura et al. 2010:118 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:447 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989], Koeda et al. 2014:1 [ref. 35337], Koeda et al. 2016:40 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:130 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus decussatus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India and Sri Lanka east to Papua New Guinea, western Australia, north to Ryukyu Islands (southern Japan). Habitat: marine.

dentatus, Apsilus Guichenot [A.] 1853:29, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Sagra, R. de la, Histoire physique, politique et naturelle de l'Ile de Cuba; ref. 18164] Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7829. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:5 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Apsilus dentatus Guichenot 1853 -- (Allen 1985:22 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:16 [ref. 13770], Robins & Ray 1986:168 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1992:350 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:123 [ref. 24474], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:160 [ref. 27754], Anderson 2003:1487 [ref. 27091], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:321 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:50 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Apsilus dentatus Guichenot 1853. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

dentatus, Lutjanus Duméril [A. H. A.] in Vaillant & Bocourt 1878:125 [Mission scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amérique centrale Part 4; ref. 4498] Brazil. Still researching. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

dentatus, Mesoprion Duméril [A. H. A.] 1861:245 [Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 10 [for 1858]; ref. 1149] Gorée, Senegal. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-2737. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:15 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Lutjanus dentatus (Duméril 1861) -- (Allen 1985:74 [ref. 6843], Allen 1986:323 [ref. 6208], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:775 [ref. 15959], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:688 [ref. 21590], Afonso et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25466], Liu 2007:409 [ref. 30077], Wirtz et al. 2007:33 [ref. 30263], Carpenter in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2540 [ref. 34618], Freitas et al. 2018:76 [ref. 36259], Almeida & Alves 2019:271 [ref. 37097], Skelton 2019:228 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus dentatus (Duméril 1861). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Angola, including Cape Verde Islands and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dentex, Mesoprion Bleeker [P.] 1859:20 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 6 (art. 3); ref. 371] Sibogha, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 5449 (2). Apparently an unneeded replacement name for Pristipomoides typus Bleeker; also appeared in Bleeker 1860:19 [ref. 375]. •Synonym of Pristipomoides typus Bleeker 1852 with same type specimens. Current status: Synonym of Pristipomoides typus Bleeker 1852. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

dodecacanthoides, Mesoprion Bleeker [P.] 1854:489 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 344] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5540 (1 of 4). Original as dodecacanthoïdes. •Valid as Lutjanus dodecacanthoides (Bleeker 1854) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:31 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:75 [ref. 6843], Nakabo 2000:826 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Anderson & Allen 2001:2870 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:826 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:448 [ref. 31980], Koeda et al. 2014:4 [ref. 35337]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus dodecacanthoides (Bleeker 1854). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: India, Indonesia to Philippines and southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

dodecacanthus, Mesoprion Bleeker [P.] 1853:104 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16900] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 27705 [ex RMNH 5538]. •Synonym of Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:56 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:102 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

dorso, Perca Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:353 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. A forgotten name, but treated as a nomen oblitum to permit continued use of sebae as a nomen protectum (see Parenti 2003:494 [ref. 27322]). •Synonym of Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier 1816) -- (Parenti 2003:493 [ref. 27322]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier 1816). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dubius, Chaetopterus Günther [A.] 1859:385 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Japan Sea. Based on Chaetopterus sp. Temminck & Schlegel 1844:78 [ref. 4372] and 1845:Pl. 37 (fig. 2) [ref. 4373]. •Synonym of Pristipomoides sieboldii (Bleeker 1855) -- (Allen 1985:153 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Pristipomoides sieboldii (Bleeker 1855). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

duodecimlineata, Diacope Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:529 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7049. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:8 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus notatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:62 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:107 [ref. 6843], Fricke 1999:273 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus notatus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

ehrenbergii, Mesoprion Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1869:704 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1869; ref. 14098] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: (2) ZMB 359 (1), 360 (1). •Valid as Lutjanus ehrenbergii (Peters 1869) -- (Dor 1984:139 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:32 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:76 [ref. 6843], Allen 1986:323 [ref. 6208], Allen in Anderson 1986:574 [ref. 5634], Iwatsuki et al. 1989:469 [ref. 12750], Kottelat et al. 1993:113 [ref. 23448], Goren & Dor 1994:37 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:198 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:274 [ref. 27969] as ehrenbergi, Allen 1997:124 [ref. 23977] as ehrenbergi, Carpenter et al. 1997:171 [ref. 23922], Myers 1999:145 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:821 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:186 [ref. 25703] as eherenbergii, Anderson & Allen 2001:2871 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:821 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Randall 2005:246 [ref. 28239], Randall et al. 2005:122 [ref. 28745], Allen et al. 2006:1199 [ref. 29090], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:137 [ref. 31128], Allen & Erdmann 2012:448 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:85 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:242 [ref. 34104], Miesen et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34492], Fricke et al. 2018:195 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:90 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:80 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:152 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus ehrenbergii (Peters 1869). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra and Madagascar east to Caroline Islands and Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands and Taiwan, south to Northern Territory (Australia). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

elegans, Mesoprion Poey [F.] 1860:153 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Syntypes and/or Poey specimens: MCZ 22138 (3). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:197 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Rhomboplites aurorubens (Cuvier 1829) -- (Allen 1985:157 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Rhomboplites aurorubens (Cuvier 1829). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

elegans, Sparoperca Steindachner [F.] in Gudger 1929:528 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 58 (art. 9); ref. 11187] Name on an unpublished drawing by Pike from Mauritius, not available, no description. •In the synonymy of Aphareus furca (Lacepède 1801) -- (Fricke 1999:264 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Aphareus furca (Lacepède 1801). Lutjanidae.

ellipticofavus, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1802:194, 240 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:25 [ref. 21549]. Originally as elliptico-fuscus; but Kottelat (2013) states as elliptoflavus. Based on Commerson manuscript. •Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801) -- (Fricke 1999:269 [ref. 24106], Kottelat 2013:242 [red. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

elongatus, Mesoprion Hombron [J. B.] & Jacquinot [H.] in Jacquinot & Guichenot 1853:38, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Voyage au Pôle Sud et dans l'Oceanie v. 3 (pt 2); ref. 18307] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8392. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:15 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus biguttatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:22 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:62 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989] dated to 1854 and authorship as Jacquinot & Guichenot). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus biguttatus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Sparopsis Kner [R.] 1868:303 [11], Pl. 3 (fig. 6) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 58 (nos 3-4); ref. 2646] Kandavu Island, Fiji Islands. Holotype (unique): NMW 35241. On p. 11 of seperate. Described earlier by Kner 1868:27 [ref. 6074] as Sparopsis latifrons; both are based on the same specimen, so elongatus is an absolute synonym of latrifrons. •Synonym of Aprion virescens Valenciennes 1830 -- (Allen 1985:20 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Aprion virescens Valenciennes 1830. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

emarginatus, Lobotes Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] in Baird 1855:332 [18] [Smithsonian Institution Annual Report 9 (for 1854); ref. 164] Beesley's Point, New Jersey, U.S.A. No types known. On p. 18 of separate. •Synonym of Lutjanus griseus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen 1985:88 [ref. 6843], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:777 [ref. 15959]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus griseus (Linnaeus 1758). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

endecacanthus, Lutjanus Bleeker [P.] 1863:48, Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 2) v. 18 (1862); ref. 395] Ashantee, Guinea. Holotype (unique): RMNH 237. Holotype figured by Boeseman 1963:Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [ref. 21734]. •Valid as Lutjanus endecacanthus Bleeker 1863 -- (Allen 1985:77 [ref. 6843], Allen 1986:324 [ref. 6208], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:776 [ref. 15959], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:688 [ref. 21590], Moura & Lindeman 2007:38 [ref. 29018], Liu 2007:411 [ref. 30077], Wirtz et al. 2007:12, 33 [ref. 30263], Félix et al. 2016:D [4] [ref. 34346], Carpenter in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2541 [ref. 34618], Almeida & Alves 2019:271 [ref. 37097]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus endecacanthus Bleeker 1863. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Ghana and Congo River mouth, islands in Gulf of Guinea including São Tomé and Principe; also (?) western Atlantic: Brazil. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

enneacanthus, Mesoprion Bleeker [P.] 1849:40 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [13]; ref. 318] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 31732 [ex RMNH 5542]. •Synonym of Lutjanus vitta (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:76 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:123 [ref. 6843], Iwatsuki et al. 1993:53 [ref. 22462], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus vitta (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

erythrina, Diacope Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:92, Pl. 23 (fig. 3) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): SMF 2972 (dry). •Synonym of Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Dor 1984:142 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Lutjanus sanguineus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:69 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:115 [ref. 6843], Allen in Anderson 1986:577 [ref. 5634], Golani & Fricke 2018:91 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus sanguineus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

erythrognathus, Mesoprion Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:447 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Seychelles. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8385. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:15 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790 -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:53 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:99 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

erythropterus, Lutjanus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:115, Pl. 249 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] Japan. Lectotype: ZMB 8197 (right skin). Paralectotypes: ZMB 8198 (1, right skin), 8770 (1, dry, missing). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:97 [ref. 24282]. On p. 93 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:97 [ref. 24282]. •Valid as Lutjanus erythropterus Bloch 1790 -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:170 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:142 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:36 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:78 [ref. 6843], Allen & Swainston 1988:80 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:36 [ref. 13251], Goren & Dor 1994:37 [ref. 25356] as erytropterus, Goren & Dor 1994:38 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:199 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:275 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:122 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:359 [ref. 23967], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:100 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2872 [ref. 26099], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Allen et al. 2006:1199 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:448 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:130 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:242 [ref. 34104], Fricke et al. 2018:195 [ref. 35805], Eagderi et al. 2019:80 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus erythropterus Bloch 1790. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman east to Philippines and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands and southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), Solomon Islands, and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

etaape, Mesoprion Lesson [R. P.] 1831:229 [Voyage autour du monde Zool. v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 2776] Matavia Harbor, Tahiti; Beula Bay, Bora Bora. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7973 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:15, 33 [ref. 21549]. Unneeded new name for Diacope octolineata Cuvier 1828. •Synonym of Lutjanus kasmira (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:48 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:96 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus kasmira (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

eutactus, Lutjanus Bleeker [P.] 1863:51, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 2) v. 18 (1862); ref. 395] Ashantee, Guinea. Holotype (unique): RMNH 247. Holotype figured by Boeseman 1963:Pl. 3 (fig. 4) [ref. 21734]. •Synonym of Lutjanus dentatus (Duméril 1861) -- (Allen 1985:74 [ref. 6843], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:775 [ref. 15959], Carpenter in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2540 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus dentatus (Duméril 1861). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

evurus, Etelis Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:184 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Hilo, Hawaii Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50662. Paratypes: AMNH 2296 (1); ANSP 24224 (1); BPBM 1701 (1, missing); CAS 1498 (1, missing); FMNH 3958 (1); IU 9814 (1, missing); MCZ 28904 (1); CAS-SU 7474 (2); USFC 2722 (1); USNM 50663 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:76 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:126 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:35 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Etelis coruscans Valenciennes 1862 -- (Allen 1985:27 [ref. 6843], Mundy 2005:381 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Etelis coruscans Valenciennes 1862. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Bodianus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:no page number, Pl. 65 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No types known. Plate corresponds to Bodianus striatus on text p. 335; plate name regarded as in error. •Synonym of Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Allen 1985:56 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

filamentosus, Etelis Fourmanoir [P.] 1970:28, Fig. 6 [Cahiers O. R. S. T. O. M. (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer) Série Océanographie v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 1356] Southwestern Pacific [New Caledonian Basin, New Caledonia], 22°52'S, 162°20'E (stomach content). Holotype (unique): MNHN 1970-0033. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:12 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Randallichthys filamentosus (Fourmanoir 1970) -- (Anderson et al. 1977:89 [ref. 115], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:167 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:156 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:8 [ref. 13770], Nakabo 2000:827 [ref. 25086], Anderson & Allen 2001:2916 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:827 [ref. 26001], Randall et al. 2002:158 [ref. 26192], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Leis 2005:57 [ref. 28256], Mundy 2005:385 [ref. 28379], Randall et al. 2005:123 [ref. 28745], Randall 2007:251 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Randallichthys filamentosus (Fourmanoir 1970). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Mariana and Marshall Islands; New Caledonia; Tonga to Cook Islands; Hawaiian Islands; Ryukyu Islands; Ogasawara Islands; probably more widespread. Habitat: marine.

filamentosus, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:508 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Saint-Denis, Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean; Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7033 (1) Réunion, 0000-7038 (1) Réunion. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:20 [ref. 21549] with 7038 as holotype. •Valid as Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:106 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:72 [ref. 19754] as fiiamentosus, Dor 1984:144 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:166 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:147 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1986:579 [ref. 5634], Anderson 1987:11 [ref. 13770], Akazaki & Iwatsuki 1987:329 [ref. 6699], Allen & Swainston 1988:78 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:37 [ref. 13251], Kramer et al. 1994:74 [ref. 21258], Leis & Lee 1994:101 [ref. 21402], Goren & Dor 1994:38 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:204 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:120 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:174 [ref. 23922], Randall et al. 1997:515 [ref. 25919], Adam et al. 1998:13 [ref. 23610], Fricke 1999:278 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:736 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:831 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:489 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2910 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:831 [ref. 26001], Randall et al. 2002:158 [ref. 26192], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:205 [ref. 28072], Shinohara et al. 2005:435 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:384 [ref. 28379], Randall et al. 2005:123 [ref. 28745], Allen et al. 2006:1205 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:250 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:62 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2013:259 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:249 [ref. 34104], Roberts 2015:1284 [ref. 34193], Koeda et al. 2016:43 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:136 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:326 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:200 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:92 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:83 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36871] as cf. filamentosus). Current status: Valid as Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Mozambique Channel, Comores, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian and Society islands, north to southern Japan, south to off northwestern Australia, New South Wales (Australia) and Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

flavescens, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:472 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Martinique Island, West Indies. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8265. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:15 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Lloris & Rucabado 1990:775 [ref. 15959]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

flavipes, Diacope Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:534 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8215 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:9 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:39 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:82 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

flavipinnis, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:475 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Puducherry, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2843 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:15 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:19 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:58 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

flavipinnis, Pristipomoides Shinohara [S.] 1963:49, Fig. 1 [Bulletin Arts Science Division, Ryukyu University No. 6; ref. 21777] Naha fish market, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: URM 163. Paratypes: URM 115 (1), 158 (1), 164 (1). •Valid as Pristipomoides flavipinnis Shinohara 1963 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:74 [ref. 19754], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:167 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:149 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:11 [ref. 13770], Akazaki & Iwatsuki 1987:329 [ref. 6699], Kramer et al. 1994:74 [ref. 21258], Allen 1997:126 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:79 [ref. 26476], Randall et al. 1997:515 [ref. 25919], Nakabo 2000:831 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:489 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2911 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:831 [ref. 26001], Randall et al. 2002:158 [ref. 26192], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:91 [ref. 27510], Shinohara et al. 2005:434 [ref. 28370], Allen et al. 2006:1206 [ref. 29090], Iwatsuki in Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:143 [ref. 31128], Larson et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32988], Koeda et al. 2016:43 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pristipomoides flavipinnis Shinohara 1963. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea east to Society Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands (southern Japan), south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

flavirosea, Mesoprion De Vis [C. W.] 1884:446 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 4); ref. 1089] New Britain Island, Bismarck Archipelago. Holotype (unique): QM I.101. •Synonym of Lutjanus boutton (Lacepède 1802) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:27 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:66 [ref. 6843]). •Synonym of Lutjanus rufolineatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1995:11 [ref. 21857]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus rufolineatus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

flavivultus, Aphareus Jenkins [O. P.] 1901:390, Fig. 4 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 19 (1899); ref. 2340] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 49691 (adult specimen). Paratypes: CAS-SU 6119 (2). •Synonym of Aphareus furca (Lacepède 1801) -- (Allen 1985:18 [ref. 6843] as furcatus, Mundy 2005:379 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Aphareus furca (Lacepède 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

forsteri, Sparus Schneider [J. G.] & Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:282 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tongatabu [Tonga]. Name attributable to Schneider, description taken from Forster manuscript (reproduced as Sparus striatus in Lichtenstein 1844:184-185 [ref. 17531]). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

freemani, Pristipomoides Anderson [W. D., Jr.] 1966:816, Fig. 2 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 7939] Off Colombia, 12°09'N, 72°47'W, depth 183 meters. Holotype: USNM 199391. Paratypes: ANSP 103283 (1); FMNH 66787 (1); MCZ 44233 (1); UF 12525 (5, now 1), 19288 (2), 23937 [ex TABL uncat.] (4), 217816 [ex UMML 17816] (1); CAS-SU 63300 (1); USNM 199387-90 (7, 1, 1, 4). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:112 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:126 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:69 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Pristipomoides freemani Anderson 1966 -- (Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:343 [ref. 14275], Allen 1985:150 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:11 [ref. 13770], Akazaki & Iwatsuki 1987:329 [ref. 6699], Cervigón 1992:356 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:152 [ref. 24474], Leis & Lee 1994:105 [ref. 21402], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:255 [ref. 25013], Anderson 2003:1502 [ref. 27091], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:83 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Nión et al. 2016:48 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Pristipomoides freemani Anderson 1966. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

fulgens, Mesoprion Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:539 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Gorée, Senegal. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-2962 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:16 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Lutjanus fulgens (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1985:79 [ref. 6843], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:776 [ref. 15959], Afonso et al. 1999:74 [ref. 25466], Wirtz et al. 2007:33 [ref. 30263], Wirtz et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32972], Carpenter in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2542 [ref. 34618], Almeida & Alves 2019:271 [ref. 37097]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus fulgens (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Angola, including Cape Verde Islands and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

fulviflamma, Sciaena Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:45, xi [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] No locality stated (Red Sea). Lectotype: ZMUC P4775 (dry skin). Paralectotypes: ZMB 1700 (1), ZMUC P4776 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:63 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:18 [ref. 20847]. Types figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 12 [ref. 20847]. Species spelling when in Lutjanus needs research. •Valid as Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål 1775) -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:169 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:139 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:37 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:80 [ref. 6843], Allen in Anderson 1986:575 [ref. 5634], Allen 1986:324 [ref. 6208] as fulviflammus, Allen & Swainston 1988:80 [ref. 25477], Iwatsuki et al. 1989:476 [ref. 12750], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:526 [ref. 25598], Winterbottom et al. 1989:36 [ref. 13251] as fulviflammus, Randall et al. 1990:179 [ref. 15987], Kottelat et al. 1993:113 [ref. 23448], Francis & Randall 1993:120 [ref. 20996], Kuiter 1993:185 [ref. 23929] as fulviflammus, Francis 1993:161 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:37 [ref. 25356] as fulviflammus, Randall 1995:199 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:275 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:122 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:171 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:83 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:184 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:179 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:145 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:268 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:735 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:822 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:67 [ref. 25191], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:245 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:117 [ref. 25480], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:186 [ref. 25703], Allen 2000:102 [ref. 25868], Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:243 [ref. 27511], Sakai et al. 2001:97 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2873 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:822 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:34 [ref. 27712], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:199 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:246 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1199 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:61 [ref. 30213], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:138 [ref. 31128], Motomura et al. 2010:118 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:449 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:259 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:423 [ref. 33460], Fricke et al. 2014:85 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2014:1 [ref. 35337], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2015:51 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2015:243 [ref. 34104], Miesen et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34492], Koeda et al. 2016:40 [ref. 35333], Fowler et al. 2017:[4] 2252 [ref. 36358], Motomura et al. 2017:130 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:325 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[21] 259 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:195 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:90 [ref. 36273], Jawad et al. 2018:107 [ref. 36262], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2018:150 [ref. 36460], Arndt & Fricke 2019:20 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:80 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:153 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar, Mascarenes and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, Samoa and Tonga, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, southern New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island and New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fulvus, Holocentrus Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:318 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Ota-haitee [Tahiti, Society Islands, French Polynesia, South Pacific]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1979.6.13.6. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •Valid as Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801) -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:169 [ref. 6441], Allen & Talbot 1985:39 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:82 [ref. 6843], Allen in Anderson 1986:575 [ref. 5634], Allen 1986:324 [ref. 6208], Iwatsuki et al. 1989:477 [ref. 12750], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:523 [ref. 25598], Winterbottom et al. 1989:36 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:180 [ref. 15987], Kottelat et al. 1993:113 [ref. 23448], Francis 1993:161 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:37 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:199 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:124 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:180 [ref. 25919], Marquet et al. 1999:43 [ref. 23934], Myers 1999:145 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:269 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:826 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:67 [ref. 25191], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:245 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:118 [ref. 25480], Randall & Earle 2000:14 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:102 [ref. 25868], Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:244 [ref. 27511] with author as Schneider, Sakai et al. 2001:97 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2874 [ref. 26099] with author as Schneider, Nakabo 2002:826 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830] with author as Schneider, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495] with author as Schneider, Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:89 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576] with author as Schneider, Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624] with authorship as Bloch & Schneider, Mishra & Krishnan 2003:34 [ref. 27712] with author as Schneider, Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715] with author as Schneider, Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:246 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:381 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1200 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:252 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:61 [ref. 30213], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:138 [ref. 31128], Motomura et al. 2010:119 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:449 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:259 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:85 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:243 [ref. 34104], Miesen et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34492], Koeda et al. 2016:40 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:130 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:325 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:196 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:90 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:20 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:80 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:153 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Aldabra, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, Line Islands (Kiribati) and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia), Norfolk Island and Rapa, introduced to Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

furca, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:429, 477, Pl. 21 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5703 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:98 [ref. 19171], Bauchot et al. 1981:12 [ref. 21549]. Based on a figure and description in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist); underlying specimen is holotype. •Synonym of Aphareus rutilans Cuvier 1830 -- (Dor 1984:136 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Aphareus furcatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:118 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:81 [ref. 19754], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:167 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:18 [ref. 6843], Winterbottom et al. 1989:35 [ref. 13251], Chen et al. 1997:80 [ref. 26476] dated 1802, Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Aphareus furca (Lacepède 1801) -- (Anderson 1986:572 [ref. 5634], Anderson 1987:8 [ref. 13770], Randall et al. 1990:177 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:183 [ref. 23929], Leis & Lee 1994:119 [ref. 21402], Goren & Dor 1994:36 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:120 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:177 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:144 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:263 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:15 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:829 [ref. 25086], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:252 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:13 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2854 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:829 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495] with 1802 as date, Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:85 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:196 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:242 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:379 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1193 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:247 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:60 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:444 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:259 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:84 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:239 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:193 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:89 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:150 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Aphareus furca (Lacepède 1801). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Comoros, Madagascar, Mozambique Channel, Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to northern Western Australia, New Caledonia and Tonga; eastern Pacific: Cocos Island. Habitat: marine.

furvicaudatus, Lutianus Fowler [H. W.] 1904:525, Pl. 18 (lower fig.) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 1367] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ANSP 27596. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:126 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Lutjanus lemniscatus (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:50 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:97 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus lemniscatus (Valenciennes 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

fuscescens, Mesoprion Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:538 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8277. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:16 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Lutjanus fuscescens (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:41 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:83 [ref. 6843], Allen 1991:136 [ref. 21090], Kottelat et al. 1993:113 [ref. 23448], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Anderson & Allen 2001:2875 [ref. 26099], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Allen et al. 2008:133 [ref. 30265], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus fuscescens (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

fuscus, Apsilus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:549, Pl. 168 bis [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Porto Praya, Cape Verde Islands. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-2978. Paralectotypes: A-7697 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:5 [ref. 21549] with MNHN 2978 as holotype. Lectotype designated by Eschmeyer 1998:620 [ref. 23416]. A note in v. 6 indicates that Pl. 168 bis (and others) will accompany v. 7. •Valid as Apsilus fuscus Valenciennes 1830 -- (Allen 1985:22 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:16 [ref. 13770], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:773 [ref. 15959], Goren & Dor 1994:36 [ref. 25356], Afonso et al. 1999:74 [ref. 25466], Wirtz et al. 2007:33 [ref. 30263], Wirtz et al. 2013:124 [ref. 32972], Carpenter in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2538 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Apsilus fuscus Valenciennes 1830. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Namibia, Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: marine.

gaimardi, Mesoprion Bleeker [P.] 1859:23 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 6 (art. 3); ref. 371] Waigio, Indonesia. lost. Replacement name for Diacope immaculata Cuvier 1828. •Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:39 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:82 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

garretti, Mesoprion Günther [A.] 1873:15, Pl. 13 (fig. B) [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 14186] Kingsmill Islands. [= Gilbert Islands]. Holotype (unique): not preserved. •Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:19 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:58 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

gembra, Alphestes Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:236, Pl. 51 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Not available, name changed in Corrigenda; see Alphestes sambra. •In the synonymy of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:18 [ref. 6491] and Allen 1985:58 [ref. 6843] but as gembra; sambra not treated). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae.

gibba, Sciaena Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:46, xi [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] No locality stated (Red Sea). No types known. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:271 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:88 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:51 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:170 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:140 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:42 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:84 [ref. 6843], Allen in Anderson 1986:575 [ref. 5634], Winterbottom et al. 1989:36 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:180 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1993:230 [ref. 21003], Kuiter 1993:185 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:37 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:200 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:278 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:124 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:83 [ref. 26476], Randall et al. 1997:180 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:145 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:270 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:735 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:825 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:246 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:14 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:102 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:100 [ref. 26368], Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:245 [ref. 27511], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2876 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:825 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:89 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:199 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:247 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:382 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1200 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:252 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:61 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:119 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:449 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:259 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:85 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:243 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:40 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:131 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:196 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:90 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:80 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:153 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Line Islands (Kiribati), north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

gibbifrons, Symphorus Hardenberg [J. D. F.] 1939:121 [Treubia, Buitenzorg v. 17 (pt 2); ref. 17196] Thousand Islands, southwestern Java Sea, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

gibbosa, Sciaena Shaw [G.] 1803:539 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Red Sea. New name for, or unjustified emendation of Sciaena gibba Forsskål 1775. •Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

goldiei, Mesoprion Macleay [W.] 1882:233 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 7 (pt 2); ref. 17584] Hood Bay, Papua New Guinea. Holotype (unique): AMS I.13420. •Valid as Lutjanus goldiei (Macleay 1882) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:45 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:86 [ref. 6843], Allen & Coates 1990:87 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:137 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:301 [ref. 21400], Senou & Suzuki 1992:4 [ref. 24313], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:279 [ref. 27969], Nakabo 2000:821 [ref. 25086], Sakai et al. 2001:98 [ref. 25693], Anderson & Allen 2001:2877 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:821 [ref. 26001], Allen et al. 2008:134 [ref. 30265], Fricke et al. 2014:86 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus goldiei (Macleay 1882). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Guinea (one record from the Ryukyu Islands). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gonzalesi, Paracaesio Fourmanoir [P.] & Rivaton [J.] 1979:429, Figs. 18-19 [Cahiers de l'Indo-Pacifique v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 8833] Zamboanga, Mindanao, Philippines, depth 150 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1978-0691. Paratypes: (2) New Hebrides. •Valid as Paracaesio gonzalesi Fourmanoir & Rivaton 1979 -- (Allen 1985:133 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:14 [ref. 13770], Anderson et al. 1992:446 [ref. 20198], Leis et al. 1997:699 [ref. 23517], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Anderson & Allen 2001:2899 [ref. 26099], White & Last 2012:51 [ref. 32118], Fricke et al. 2019:156 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Paracaesio gonzalesi Fourmanoir & Rivaton 1979. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines and Papua New Guinea east to Tuvalu and Fiji, south to Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

goreensis, Mesoprion Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:540 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Gorée, Senegal. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-4828 [or 4428]. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:16 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Lutjanus goreensis (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1985:87 [ref. 6843], Allen 1986:324 [ref. 6208], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:777 [ref. 15959], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:689 [ref. 21590], Afonso et al. 1999:74 [ref. 25466], Liu 2007:411 [ref. 30077], Wirtz et al. 2007:34 [ref. 30263], Wirtz et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32972], Félix et al. 2016:D [4] [ref. 34346], Carpenter in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2543 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus goreensis (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: West African coast including Madeira, Canary and Cape Verde islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gracilis, Erythrobussothen Parr [A. E.] 1933:32, Fig. 14 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 6); ref. 3373] Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas, 25°55'50"N, 77°37'00"W, 5000 feet wire out. Holotype (unique): YPM 2840. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:15 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Etelis oculatus (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Anderson & Fourmanoir 1975 [ref. 6028], Anderson 1987:7 [ref. 13770]). Current status: Synonym of Etelis oculatus (Valenciennes 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

grammica, Genyoroge Day [F.] 1871:679 [3] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1870 (pt 3); ref. 1078] Andaman Islands. Holotype (unique): ZSI ?1699 (lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:297 [ref. 25110]. On p. 3 of separate. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Synonym of Lutjanus quinquelineatus (Bloch 1790) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:63 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:111 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus quinquelineatus (Bloch 1790). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

griseoides, Mesoprion Guichenot [A.] 1863:C-2 [Faune ichthyologique 2nd Partie, Annexe C.; ref. 1943] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1323. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:16 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:19 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:58 [ref. 6843], Fricke 1999:266 [ref. 24106], Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

griseus, Labrus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:283 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] America [Bahamas]. No types known. •Valid as Lutjanus griseus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:347 [ref. 14275], Allen 1985:88 [ref. 6843], Lee et al. 1980:750 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:427 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:172 [ref. 23100], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:777 [ref. 15959], Boschung 1992:137 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:353 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:136 [ref. 24474], Andreata & Séret 1996:586 [ref. 16204], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:157 [ref. 22947], Murdy et al. 1997:235 [ref. 23144], Bussing 1998:280 [ref. 24179], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:303 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:252 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25466] with question, Keith et al. 2000:110 [ref. 24547], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639], Anderson 2003:1494 [ref. 27091], Smith et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:328 [ref. 28815], Miller 2006:342 [ref. 28615], Wirtz et al. 2007:34 [ref. 30263], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Angulo et al. 2013:1000 [ref. 33194], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:51 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:341 [ref. 35886], Spier et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus griseus (Linnaeus 1758). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; possibly eastern Atlantic (Bioco Island); introduced in Florida. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

griseus, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:469 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Santo Domingo and Martinique Island, West Indies. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-0921 (2), 0000-0922 (2), B-2920 (1), 0000-5113 (1), 0000-8262 (1), 0000-8263 (2), plus 1 missing. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:16-17, 33 [ref. 21549]. Based on several previous species and on specimens; not regarded technically as a replacement name. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Lutjanus by Labrus griseus Linnaeus 1758. •Wrongly as valid as Lutjanus griseus (Cuvier 1828) [apparently in error for Lutjanus griseus (Linnaeus 1758)] -- (Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:83 [ref. 27192]). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

guentherii, Hoplopagrus Gill [T. N.] 1862:253 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14; ref. 4909] Baja California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM (stuffed, not found). •Valid as Hoplopagrus guentherii Gill 1862 [usually as guntheri] -- (Allen 1985:30 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:19 [ref. 13770], Allen & Robertson 1994:137 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:110 [ref. 23101], Allen in Fischer et al. 1995:1235 [ref. 22830], Brogan 1996:329 [ref. 22125], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:220 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:387 [ref. 24023], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:295 [ref. 24550] as guentheri, Thomson et al. 2000:117 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957] as guentheri, Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:445 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:91 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:304 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Hoplopagrus guentherii Gill 1862. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

guilcheri, Lutjanus Fourmanoir [P.] 1959:129, Pl. 3 [Naturaliste Malgache v. 10 (nos 1-2) (1958); ref. 11993] 6 miles southwest of Berafia Island, northwestern Madagascar, depth 70 meters. Holotype (unique): IRSMNB (probably lost). Also appeared as new in Fourmanoir 1961:89 [ref. 9346]. •Valid as Lutjanus guilcheri Fourmanoir 1959 -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:45 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:89 [ref. 6843], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2018:196 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus guilcheri Fourmanoir 1959. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Madagascar; Sri Lanka to Bay of Bengal (India). Habitat: marine.

guineensis, Lutjanus Bleeker [P.] 1863:46, Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 2) v. 18 (1862); ref. 395] Ashantee, Guinea. Holotype (unique): RMNH 248. Original as guineënsis. Holotype figured by Boeseman 1963:Pl.4 (fig. 2) [ref. 21734]. •Synonym of Lutjanus goreensis (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1985:87 [ref. 6843], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:777 [ref. 15959]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus goreensis (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

guttatus, Mesoprion Steindachner [F.] 1869:149 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 6 (no. 19) (for 15 July 1869); ref. 20467] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Syntypes: (2) NMW. Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1870:307 [p. 18 of separate], Pl. 8, [ref. 4217]. •Valid as Lutjanus guttatus (Steindachner 1869) -- (Allen 1985:90 [ref. 6843], Allen & Robertson 1994:138 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:112 [ref. 23101], Allen in Fischer et al. 1995:1239 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:216 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:370 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:300 [ref. 24550], Thomson et al. 2000:120 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:382 [ref. 28379], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], McMahan et al. 2013:449 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Barriga S. 2014:119 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:408 [ref. 34894], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Kells et al. 2016:242 [ref. 35888], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:91 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:305 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus guttatus (Steindachner 1869). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

hastingsi, Neomaenis Bean [T. H.] 1898:45 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 10 (art. 3); ref. 14673] Bermuda. Holotype (unique): AMNH 662. •Synonym of Lutjanus vivanus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:254 [ref. 25013]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus vivanus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

helenae, Mesoprion Saville-Kent [W.] 1893:369 [The Great Barrier Reef of Australia; its products and potentialities; ref. 13269] Not available, name only; from Queensland, Australia. Lutjanidae.

heraldi, Anthias Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:381, Fig. 61 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Lagoon reef off Ennylabegan Island, Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 141963. Paratypes: USNM 141964 (2). •Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Heemstra 1972:599 [ref. 21449]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

hober, Centropomus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:248, 256 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Red Sea. Lectotype: ZMUC P 4775. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:31 [ref. 21549], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:114 [ref. 12478]. New name for Sciaena fulviflamma Forsskål 1775. Types are as for Sciaena fulviflamma Forsskål 1775. •Objective synonym of Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:37 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:80 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

holei, Jordanichthys Evermann [B. W.] & Clark [H. W.] 1928:687, Pl. 28 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 16 (no. 22); ref. 5565] Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): CAS 2165 (skin). •Synonym of Lutjanus novemfasciatus Gill 1862 -- (Walford 1937:86 [ref. 21524]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus novemfasciatus Gill 1862. Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hoteen, Mesoprion Richardson [J.] 1846:229 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. Syntypes: BMNH 1968.3.11.5-6 (2, dry skins). Type information: Whitehead 1970:214 [ref. 11606]. •Synonym of Lutjanus fuscescens (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:41 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:83 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fuscescens (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

immaculata, Diacope Cuvier [G.] (ex Quoy & Gaimard) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:430 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Waigiou, Indonesia. Syntypes: not found at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:23 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:39 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:82 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

immaculatus, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:474 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8201. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:17 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus lemniscatus (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:50 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:97 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus lemniscatus (Valenciennes 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Lutjanus Allen [G. R.], White [W. T.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2013:35, Figs. 1-3 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 6; ref. 32521] Lively Rocks, Trincomalee, Sri Lanka, 8°21.761'N, 81°23.664'E. Holotype: BPBM 18803. Paratypes: AMS I.21115-005 (1), I.21184-006 (2), I.21433-004 (1), I.27290-002 (1), I.27353-001 (10); BPBM 29448 (1), 41114 (1); WAM P.25986-001 (1), 25987-008 (1). •Valid as Lutjanus indicus Allen, White & Erdmann 2013 -- (Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989], Psomadakis et al. 2015:244 [ref. 34104], Fricke et al. 2018:197 [ref. 35805], Ali et al. 2018:326 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:91 [ref. 36273], Suresh et al. 2018:227 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:81 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871] as cf. indicus). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus indicus Allen, White & Erdmann 2013. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indian Ocean: East Africa, Comoros, Madagascar, western Mascarenes and Persian Gulf east to Andaman Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

inermis, Mesoprion Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1869:705 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1869; ref. 14098] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Holotype (unique): ZMB 7070. •Valid as Lutjanus inermis (Peters 1869) -- (Allen 1985:92 [ref. 6843], Allen & Robertson 1994:139 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:112 [ref. 23101], Allen in Fischer et al. 1995:1240 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:219 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:387 [ref. 24023], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:298 [ref. 24550], Thomson et al. 2000:121 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:446 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus inermis (Peters 1869). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

isodon, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Santo Domingo. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-7731 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:17 [ref. 21549]. Spelled isoodon by Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:443 [ref. 1002]. •Synonym of Lutjanus analis (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen 1985:55 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus analis (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

jahngarah, Lutianus Day [F.] 1875:40 [The fishes of India Part 1; ref. 1080] Seas of India. Syntypes: ZSI 2942 (1, destroyed). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762]. •Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:19 [ref. 6491] and Allen 1985:58 [ref. 6843] as johngarah, Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

janthinuropterus, Mesoprion Bleeker [P.] 1853:751 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 335] Bulucomba [Bulukumba], Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 27706 [ex RMNH 5533]. •Valid as Mesoprion janthinuropterus Bleeker 1853 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:59 [ref. 19754]). •Synonym of Lutjanus lemniscatus (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Dor 1984:141 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:50 [ref. 6491], Eagderi et al. 2019:81 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus lemniscatus (Valenciennes 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

janthinurus, Mesoprion Bleeker [P.] 1854:52 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 16923] Sandangole, Halmahera; Banda Neira; Kupang, Timor, Indonesia. Syntypes: (5) RMNH 5548 (5 of 68). •Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:43 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:84 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

jocu, Anthias Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Parra) 1801:310 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Locality not stated [Havana, Cuba]. No types known. Originally jocù. Based on the 'Jocú' of Parra 1787:53, Pl. 25 (fig. 2) [ref. 6840]. •Valid as Lutjanus jocu (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Villa 1982:173 [ref. 36708], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:346 [ref. 14275], Allen 1985:92 [ref. 6843], Robins & Ray 1986:173 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:137 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:353 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:138 [ref. 24474], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:158 [ref. 22947], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:304 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:253 [ref. 25013], Keith et al. 2000:112 [ref. 24547], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639], Collette et al. 2003:110 [ref. 26784], Feitoza et al. 2003:68 [ref. 26943], Anderson 2003:1495 [ref. 27091], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:83 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:329 [ref. 28815], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Moura & Lindeman 2007:38 [ref. 29018], Matamoros et al. 2009:18 [ref. 31241], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Angulo et al. 2013:1000 [ref. 33194], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:51 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33516], Pinheiro et al. 2015:19 [ref. 34324], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961], Marceniuk et al. 2017:40 [ref. 35324], Costa et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35684], Spier et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36103], Brown et al. 2019:178 [ref. 36444], Ribeiro et al. 2019:7 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus jocu (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western and central Atlantic, including Saint Peter and Saint Paul's Archipelago; southern central Atlantic: Ascension and Saint Helena islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

johnii, Anthias Bloch [M. E.] 1792:113, Pl. 318 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 6; ref. 470] Suratta, Surat District, India,Tapti River estuary, into Gulf of Khambhat, Arabian Sea, Western Indian Ocean. Syntypes: ZMB 336 (now 2). On p. 97 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 9 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Lutjanus johnii (Bloch 1792) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:57 [ref. 19754] as johni, Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:170 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:140 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:45 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:94 [ref. 6843], Iwatsuki et al. 1989:477 [ref. 12750], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:835 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:113 [ref. 23448], Goren & Dor 1994:37 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:200 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:279 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:124 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:83 [ref. 26476], Larson & Williams 1997:359 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:171 [ref. 23922], Fricke 1999:271 [ref. 24106], Mishra et al. 1999:86 [ref. 25315] as johni, Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:118 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2878 [ref. 26099], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830] dated to 1790, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Khan 2003:9 [ref. 27710] as johni, Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:248 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1200 [ref. 29090], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:138 [ref. 31128], Fricke et al. 2013:259 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989], Psomadakis et al. 2015:244 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:131 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:326 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:197 [ref. 35805], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2018:151 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:228 [ref. 36495], Arndt & Fricke 2019:21 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:81 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:153 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus johnii (Bloch 1792). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Mozambique Channel, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes (Mauritius and Rodrigues) east to Philippines and Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Kimberleys (Western Australia) and Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

jordani, Neomaenis Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Evermann 1898:1251 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2444] Panama (Pacific). Holotype: CAS-SU 11988. Paratypes: BMNH 1903.5.15.49 (1), NMW 37260 (1), CAS-SU 8109 (2), ZMB 15941 [ex SU] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:76 [ref. 12291]. Author is C. H. Gilbert. Holotype figured in Gilbert & Starks 1904, Pl. 14 (fig. 29) [ref. 1639]. •Valid as Lutjanus jordani (Gilbert 1898) -- (Heemstra 1974:22 [ref. 7125], Allen 1985:95 [ref. 6843], Allen & Robertson 1994:139 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:110 [ref. 23101], Allen in Fischer et al. 1995:1241 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:219 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:392 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:369 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:298 [ref. 24550], Thomson et al. 2000:121 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957]., Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Angulo et al. 2013:1001 [ref. 33194], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:408 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus jordani (Gilbert 1898). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kagoshimana, Mesoprion Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:236 [28] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 47 (pt 1); ref. 4246] On p. 28 of separate. Not available, name mentioned in passing in synonymy of Lutjanus marginatus (Cuvier 1828); from Kagoshima, Japan. •In the synonymy of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:39 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:82 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Lutjanidae.

kanekonis, Aprion Tanaka [S.] 1914:300, Pl. 82 (fig. 276) [Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan v. 18; ref. 14935] Nagasaki fish market, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 3687. Plate is in vol. 17 [ref. 14934]. •Valid as Aprion kanekonis Tanaka 1914 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:80 [ref. 19754]). •Synonym of Aprion virescens Valenciennes 1830 -- (Allen 1985:20 [ref. 6843] as konekonis on Tanaka 1914). •Synonym of Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1985:147 [ref. 6843] on Tanaka 1935). Current status: Synonym of Aprion virescens Valenciennes 1830. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

kasmira, Sciaena Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:46, xi [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] No locality stated (Red Sea). Lectotype: ZMUC P4777 (dry skin). Paralectotypes: ZMUC P4778 (1, dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:64 [ref. 9588]. Lectotype selected by Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:18 [ref. 20847]. Types figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 13 [ref. 20847]. •Valid as Lutjanus kasmira (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:70 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:61 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:170 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:140 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:46 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:96 [ref. 6843], Allen in Anderson 1986:575 [ref. 5634], Allen & Swainston 1988:80 [ref. 25477], Iwatsuki et al. 1989:476 [ref. 12750], Winterbottom et al. 1989:36 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:181 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:183 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:161 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:37 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:200 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:280 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:122 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:84 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:184 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:181 [ref. 25919], Iwatsuki et al. 1999:315 [ref. 23961], Myers 1999:146 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:271 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:735 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:15 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:820 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:246 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:119 [ref. 25480], Randall & Earle 2000:14 [ref. 25806], Sakai et al. 2001:98 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2879 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:820 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:200 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:248 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:382 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1200 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:253 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:61 [ref. 30213], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:139 [ref. 31128], Motomura et al. 2010:119 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:450 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:259 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:86 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2014:1 [ref. 35337], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:114 [ref. 36167], Psomadakis et al. 2015:244 [ref. 34104], Roberts 2015:1282 [ref. 34193], Iwatsuki et al. 2016:526 [ref. 34361], Koeda et al. 2016:41 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:6 [ref. 35354], Fowler et al. 2017:[4] 2252 [ref. 36358], Fricke et al. 2018:197 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:91 [ref. 36273], Suresh et al. 2018:229 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:81 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:153 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus kasmira (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, Line Islands (Kiribati) and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, southern New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island, Kermadec Islands and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

kennedyi, Ulapiscis Whitley [G. P.] 1933:79, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 4677] Ellice Islands [Tuvalu], Vaitupu Island, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.5534. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

kusakarii, Paracaesio Abe [T.] 1960:56 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 8 (nos 1-2); ref. 11887] Central wholesale market of Tokyo (from the sea south of Tokyo, probably near Hachijo Island), Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 51906. Paratypes: ZUMT 51907-08 (1, 1). •Valid as Paracaesio kusakarii Abe 1960 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:68 [ref. 19754], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:167 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:134 [ref. 6843], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:505, 686 [ref. 8056], Anderson 1987:15 [ref. 13770], Anderson et al. 1992:446 [ref. 20198], Kramer et al. 1994:75 [ref. 21258], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:289 [ref. 27969], Leis et al. 1997:699 [ref. 23517] as kusakani, Randall et al. 1997:513 [ref. 25919], Nakabo 2000:832 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Anderson & Allen 2001:2900 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:832 [ref. 26001], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:91 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Allen et al. 2006:1204 [ref. 29090], Motomura et al. 2010:120 [ref. 31256], White & Last 2012:51 [ref. 32118], Larson et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32988], Motomura et al. 2017:134 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2019:156 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Paracaesio kusakarii Abe 1960. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Singapore east to Samoa, north to Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

labuan, Diacope Montrouzier [X.] 1857:424 [146] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 146 of reprint. •Synonym of Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:25 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:64 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989] with authorship as Montrouzien & Thiollière, see ref. 17788). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

lamprurus, Serranus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:322 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 1 (for 1881); ref. 2471] Tidepool in Panama Bay. Holotype (unique): USNM 29651 (apparently lost). No species of Hypoplectrus occurs in the eastern Pacific, so the identification by Chirichigno and Vélez is in error (email from Ross Robertson 3/31/08). •Synonym of Lutjanus argentiventris (Peters 1869) -- (Meisler 1985:1064 [ref. 22492]). •Incorectly treated as valid as Hypoplectrus lamprurus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) in the Serranidae -- (Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:355 [ref. 24555]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentiventris (Peters 1869). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

lata, Rhomboplites aurorubens var. Borodin [N. A.] 1928:20 [Bulletin Vanderbilt Oceanographic Museum v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 526] Bahamas. Syntypes: VMM 215 (?) not found in 1996. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

latifrons, Sparopsis Kner [R.] 1868:27 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 58 (nos 1-2); ref. 6074] Kandavu Island, Fiji Islands. Holotype (unique): NMW 35241. When described in Kner 1868:303 [11 of separate], Pl. 3 (fig. 6) [ref. 2646], Kner changed the species name to elongatus (based on the same specimen); elongatus is an absolute synonym of latifrons. •Synonym of Aprion virescens Valenciennes 1830 -- (Allen 1985:20 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Aprion virescens Valenciennes 1830. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

lemniscatus, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:240 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Sri Lanka, Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7146. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:20 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Lutjanus lemniscatus (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Dor 1984:141 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:50 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:97 [ref. 6843], Allen in Anderson 1986:575 [ref. 5634], Allen & Swainston 1988:80 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:181 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:37 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:281 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:122 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:359 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:181 [ref. 25919], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:120 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2880 [ref. 26099], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1201 [ref. 29090], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:139 [ref. 31128], Allen & Erdmann 2012:450 [ref. 31980], Allen et al. 2013:40 [ref. 32521], Larson et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32988], Iwatsuki et al. 2015:38 [ref. 34089], Psomadakis et al. 2015:245 [ref. 34104], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2018:151 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:81 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus lemniscatus (Valenciennes 1828). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden and Persian Gulf east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to Taiwan, south to Western Australia and Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

lepisurus, Sparus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:45, 141 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Indo-Pacific. Holotype (unique): not found at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:89 [ref. 20898], Bauchot et al. 1981:27 [ref. 21549]. Figured on Pl. 15 (fig. 2) of Lacepède 1801 [ref. 2710]. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:268 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Synonym of Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:24 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:64 [ref. 6843], Fricke 1999:268 [ref. 24106], Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

lewisi, Pinjalo Randall [J. E.], Allen [G. R.] & Anderson [W. D., Jr.] 1987:12, Fig. 3, Pl. 1 (fig. C) [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 14; ref. 6431] Dumaguete market, Negros, Philippines. Holotype: BPBM 28543. Paratypes: BPBM 29355 (1); MNHN 1985-0309 (1); NTM S.11116-002 (1), 11343-004 (1), 11347-007 (1); USNM 146259 (1). •Valid as Pinjalo lewisi Randall, Allen & Anderson 1987 -- (Randall 1995:204 [ref. 22896], Nakabo 2000:820 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2906 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:820 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:255 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1205 [ref. 29090], Leis 2008:37, 43 [ref. 29617], Ho & Shao 2011: 46 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:458 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:88 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:135 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Pinjalo lewisi Randall, Allen & Anderson 1987. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Oman and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Fiji, north to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

lifuensis, Etelis oculatus var. Fourmanoir [P.] 1971:134, Fig. 6 [Cahiers du Pacifique No. 15; ref. 7672] Lifou Island, Loyalty Islands, southwestern Pacific, depth 280-400 meters. No types mentioned. •Synonym of Etelis coruscans Valenciennes 1862 -- (Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:333 [ref. 28867]). Current status: Synonym of Etelis coruscans Valenciennes 1862. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

limbatus, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:307 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6010. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:20 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

linea, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:468 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Santo Domingo; Cuba. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-0871 (1) Santo Domingo, 0000-8268 (2) Santo Domingo or Cuba (Cuba in catalog). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:17 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Allen 1985:56 [ref. 6843], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:7750 [ref. 15959]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lineata, Diacope Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:309 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Waigeo [Waigiou], Indonesia; Rawak Island, Bismarck Archipelago. No types at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:23 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus lemniscatus (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Dor 1984:141 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:42 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:84 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

lineata, Perca Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:110 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.58 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:221 [ref. 13434] but as holotype. Objectively invalid, preoccupied by Perca lineata Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Lutjanus kasmira (Forsskål 1775) -- (Wheeler 1958:221 [ref. 13434]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus kasmira (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

lineolata, Diacope Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1829:76, Pl. 19 (fig. 3) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Vicinity of Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: ?SMF 1111 (1), 20359 (2). •Valid as Lutjanus lineolatus (Rüppell 1829) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:66 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:50 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:170 [ref. 6441], Chen et al. 1997:84 [ref. 26476] dated 1828). •Synonym of Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790 -- (Dor 1984:141 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:53 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:99 [ref. 6843], Randall 1995:201 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:282 [ref. 27969], Anderson & Allen 2001:2882 [ref. 26099], Randall 2005:249 [ref. 28239], Golani & Fricke 2018:91 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:82 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

lioglossus, Lutjanus Bleeker [P.] 1873:74 [Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Amsterdam) v. 13 (art. 4); ref. 17097] Bintan Island, Riau Islands; Jakarta, Java; Makassar, Sulawesi; Sindangole, Halmahera; Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (5) BMNH 1880.4.21.28 (1), RMNH 5549 (3 of 4) Batavia. Also in Bleeker 1873:44 [ref. 433] as new name tied to literature citation (earliest not established). •Synonym of Lutjanus monostigma (Cuvier 1828) -- (Dor 1984:142 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:61 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:106 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus monostigma (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

litura, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:467 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Cayenne, French Guiana. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-8267. Paralectotypes: MNHN (1, not found) St. Thomas. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:17 [ref. 21549] with 8267 as holotype. Lectotype designated by Eschmeyer 1998:921 [ref. 23416]. •Synonym of Lutjanus jocu (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Allen 1985:92 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus jocu (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lonchophorus, Deuteracanthus Fowler [H. W.] 1944:398, Fig. 179 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Maria Madre Island, Tres Marias Islands [Islas Marias], Mexico. Holotype: ANSP 70288. Paratypes: ANSP 70289-91 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:155 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Lutjanus jordani (Gilbert 1898) -- (Heemstra 1974:22 [ref. 7125]). •Synonym of Hoplopagrus guentherii Gill 1862 -- (Brogan 1996:330 [ref. 22125] as guentheri). Current status: Synonym of Hoplopagrus guentherii Gill 1862. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

longmani, Lutjanus Whitley [G. P.] 1937:12 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 20 (no. 1); ref. 4691] Off Lindeman Island, northern Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.6584 (head). •Synonym of Lutjanus erythropterus Bloch 1790 -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:36 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:78 [ref. 6843], Allen et al. 2006:1199 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus erythropterus Bloch 1790. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

luna, Sparus Shaw [G.] 1803:433 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] American seas. Unneeded new name for Sparus semiluna Lacepède 1802. •Synonym of Ocyurus chrysurus (Bloch 1791) -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Ocyurus chrysurus (Bloch 1791). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

lunulata, Perca Park [M.] 1797:35, Pl. 6 [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London v. 3 (art. 9); ref. 17801] Habitat in Sumatræ littore [Bengkulu Province, Sumatra, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1863.11.12.16 (dry, left half skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1974:473 [ref. 31545]. •Valid as Lutjanus lunulatus (Park 1797) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:50 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:98 [ref. 6843], Randall 1995:201 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:124 [ref. 23977], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Anderson & Allen 2001:2881 [ref. 26099], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Allen & Erdmann 2012:450 [ref. 31980], Allen et al. 2013:40 [ref. 32521], Psomadakis et al. 2015:245 [ref. 34104], Fricke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus lunulatus (Park 1797). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Socotra and Pakistan east to Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu, north to Thailand. Habitat: marine.

lutjanoides, Ocyurus Poey [F.] 1870:319 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 9 (art. 23); ref. 18563] Cuba. Holotype (unique): USNM 33238. •Suspected to be a hybrid between Ocyurus chrysurus and Lutianus apodus by Jordan et al., Rept. U S. Comm. Fisher. 1928, Append. (2), 1930:326. Lutjanidae.

lutjanus, Lutjanus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:107, Pl. 245 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] Japan [erroneous, is probably Indonesia]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 8717 (dry, lost). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:97-98 [ref. 24282]. On p. 85 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. Type locality 'Japan' is erroneous, vernacular name 'Ikan lutjang' suggests Indonesia •Valid as Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790 -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:64 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:49 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:170 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:141 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:52 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:99 [ref. 6843], Allen in Anderson 1986:576 [ref. 5634], Allen & Swainston 1988:80 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:36 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:181 [ref. 15987], Iwatsuki et al. 1993:54 [ref. 22462], Goren & Dor 1994:37 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:201 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:282 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:122 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:172 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:84 [ref. 26476], Randall et al. 1997:181 [ref. 25919], Khan 1998:231 [ref. 24980], Mishra et al. 1999:86 [ref. 25315], Nakabo 2000:820 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:247 [ref. 25191], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:100 [ref. 26368], Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:246 [ref. 27511], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2882 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:820 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:34 [ref. 27712], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:249 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1201 [ref. 29090], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:139 [ref. 31128], Allen & Erdmann 2012:451 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:259 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:131 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:423 [ref. 33460], Koeda et al. 2014:1 [ref. 35337], Iwatsuki et al. 2015:34 [ref. 34089], Psomadakis et al. 2015:245 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:131 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:326 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:197 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:91 [ref. 36273], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2018:152 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:82 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra and Persian Gulf east to Philippines and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

luzonius, Lutianus Evermann [B. W.] & Seale [A.] 1907:79, Fig. 13 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 26 (Doc. 607) (for 1906); ref. 1285] Bacon, Sorsogon, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 55918. Paratypes: USNM 126209 [ex USBF 1489, 4539] (1), CAS-SU 20003 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:76 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Lutjanus boutton (Lacepède 1802) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:27 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:66 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus boutton (Lacepède 1802). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

macleayana, Genyoroge Ramsay [E. P.] 1883:178 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 1); ref. 14346] North Head, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS A.14345 (dry). •Synonym of Lutjanus erythropterus Bloch 1790 -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:36 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:78 [ref. 6843], Allen et al. 2006:1199 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus erythropterus Bloch 1790. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

macolor, Diacope Lesson [R. P.] (ex Cuvier) 1827:138 [Bulletin des Sciences Naturelles et de Géologie (Férussac), Paris v. 12 (art. 106); ref. 17506] New Guinea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8172. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:9 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Macolor niger (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:143 [ref. 29757], Allen 1985:127 [ref. 6843], Kishimoto et al. 1987:152 [ref. 6061], Anderson & Allen 2001:2898 [ref. 26099]). Current status: Synonym of Macolor niger (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

macolor, Diacope Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:415 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] New Guinea. No types known. Based on "Renard I:pl. 9 (fig. 60)" and "II:pl. 7 (fig. 30)." Described earlier by Lesson with different type; Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Diacope macolor Lesson 1827. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

macrolepis, Diacope Ehrenberg [C. G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:476 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Ehrenberg specimens: ZMB 5210 (1, stuffed) Massaua. Not available, manuscript name mentioned in account of Mesoprion rubellus Cuvier 1828. Subsequent validation not researched. •In the synonymy of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:138 [ref. 29757], Golani & Fricke 2018:90 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae.

macrophthalmus, Centropristes Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] in Schomburgk 1848:666 [14] [The history of Barbados; comprising a geographical description of the island and an account of its geology and natural productions.; ref. 17812] Barbados, West Indies. No types known. Length of 1 inch in original should have been 1 foot. Appeared first as above; reprinted in Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 1848:14 (with length correction). Original genus should have been Centropristis. •Valid as Pristipomoides macrophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1848) -- (Anderson 1966:823 [ref. 7939], Allen 1985:151 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:11 [ref. 13770], Akazaki & Iwatsuki 1987:329 [ref. 6699], Cervigón 1992:356 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:50 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:255 [ref. 25013], Anderson 2003:1503 [ref. 27091], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:336 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:52 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Pristipomoides macrophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1848). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

macropus, Prionodes Fowler [H. W.] 1944:399, Fig. 178 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Maria Madre Island, Tres Marias Islands [Islas Marias], Mexico. Holotype (unique): ANSP 70292. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:155 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Lutjanus aratus (Günther 1864) -- (Heemstra 1974:23 [ref. 7125]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus aratus (Günther 1864). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

macularis, Macolor Fowler [H. W.] 1931:181 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 11; ref. 1407] Near Palag Bay, Luzon Island, Philippines. Neotype: USNM 145811. Former types: (24) USNM 89996 (former holotype, lost), 145519 (2), 145812-13 (1, 1), 146379-85 (4, 1, 3, 2, 1, 1, 1), 146547-48 (1, 1), 146657-58 (1, 1), 274642-43 (1, 1). Holotype lost; a former paratype (USNM 145811) was designated neotype by Kishimoto et al. 1987:151 [ref. 6061]. •Valid or possibly a synonym of Macolor niger (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen 1985:126-127 [ref. 6843]). •Mention -- (Anderson 1987:20 [ref. 13770]). •Valid as Macolor macularis Fowler 1931 -- (Randall et al. 1990:184 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:124 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:186 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:184 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:147 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:818 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:251 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:100 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2897 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:819 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:90 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:254 [ref. 28239], Randall et al. 2005:122 [ref. 28745], Allen et al. 2006:1203 [ref. 29090], Leis 2007:1 [ref. 29382], Iwatsuki in Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:142 [ref. 31128], Motomura et al. 2010:120 [ref. 31256], Hay & Leis 2011:85 [ref. 31399], Allen & Erdmann 2012:456 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:87 [ref. 33932], Vineesh et al. 2014:18 [ref. 33687], Koeda et al. 2016:41 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Macolor macularis Fowler 1931. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Maldives to Samoa and Phoenix Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and Great Barrier Reef (Australia). Habitat: marine.

madras, Mesoprion Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:446 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Mahé, Seychelles. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8388. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:17 [ref. 21549]. Misspelled machas by Playfair 1868:849 [ref. 14049]. •Valid as Lutjanus madras (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:55 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:100 [ref. 6843], Iwatsuki et al. 1993:54 [ref. 22462], Allen 1997:124 [ref. 23977], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Anderson & Allen 2001:2883 [ref. 26099], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:140 [ref. 31128], Allen & Erdmann 2012:451 [ref. 31980], Yoshida et al. 2013:131 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:86 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2014:1 [ref. 35337], Iwatsuki et al. 2015:30 [ref. 34089]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus madras (Valenciennes 1831). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles east to Philippines and Solomon Islands. But now restricted to Zanzibar to southern India and Sri Lanka. Limited to Western Indian Ocean -- Iwatsuki et al. 2015:22 [ref. 34089]. Habitat: marine.

maenula, Lutianus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:325 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Mediterranean Sea. Based on "Mendole" of Duhamel de Monceau 1777:41, Pl. 6 (fig. 3) [ref. 30232]. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

mahogoni, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:447 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Martinique Island, West Indies. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8307 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:17 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Lutjanus mahogoni (Cuvier 1828) -- (Heemstra 1974:24 [ref. 7125], Allen 1985:101 [ref. 6843], Robins & Ray 1986:171 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:137 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:353 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:140 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Anderson 2003:1496 [ref. 27091], Smith et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:330 [ref. 28815], Moura & Lindeman 2007:38 [ref. 29018], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:51 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus mahogoni (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

maior, Anthias Plumier [C.] in Bloch 1791:116 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] Not available, manuscript name, in the synonymy of Sparus tetracanthus Bloch 1791. Lutjanidae.

malabaricus, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:278 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] [In mari lndico oram Coromandelicam] Coromandel coast, India, eastern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): ZMB 8161 (right skin). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:98 [ref. 24282]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:92 [ref. 24282]. Though the species name might indicate 'Malabar' as type locality (western coast of Indian Peninsula), Bloch & Schneider 1801:279 [ref. 471] gave it as Coromandel coast (eastern coast). •Valid as Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:84 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:53 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:141 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:56 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:102 [ref. 6843], Allen & Swainston 1988:80 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:36 [ref. 13251], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:226 [ref. 24016], Goren & Dor 1994:37 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:201 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:282 [ref. 27969] with author as Schneider, Allen 1997:122 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:85 [ref. 26476], Larson & Williams 1997:359 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:172 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:182 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:146 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:735 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:823 [ref. 25086] with author as Schneider, Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:493 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:121 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2884 [ref. 26099] with author as Schneider, Nakabo 2002:823 [ref. 26001] with author as Schneider, Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830] with author as Schneider, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Allen et al. 2006:1201 [ref. 29090], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:140 [ref. 31128], Allen & Erdmann 2012:451 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:132 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:86 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:246 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:132 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:326 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:198 [ref. 35805], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2018:152 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:82 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Socotra and Persian Gulf east to Palau, Fiji and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

maltzani, Lutjanus Steindachner [F.] 1881:158 [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 18 (no. 16) (for 23 June 1881); ref. 20482] Gorée and Rufisque, Senegal. Syntypes: (2) NMW 37019 (1). Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1881:23 [p. 7 of separate], Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [ref. 13333]; listed as Lutjanus (Mesoprion) maltzani in figure caption (p. 42 [ref. 13333]). •Synonym of Lutjanus fulgens (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1985:79 [ref. 6843], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:776 [ref. 15959]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulgens (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

manillae, Aphareus Borodin [N. A.] 1930:51 [Bulletin Vanderbilt Marine Museum v. 1 (art. 2); ref. 16069] Manila, Philippines. Holotype (unique): VMM 510 (now at AMNH). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

marginata, Diacope Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:425 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Puducherry, India; Oualan [Kosrae] Caroline Islands, western Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7985 (1) Oualan, 0000-7886 [or 7986] (1), B-3113 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:9 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Lutjanus marginatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:90 [ref. 19756]). •Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:39 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:82 [ref. 6843], Randall et al. 1990:180 [ref. 15987], Fricke 1999:269 [ref. 24106], Randall 2005:246 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:252 [ref. 30952], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

marginatoides, Lutianus Kendall [W. C.] & Goldsborough [E. L.] 1911:287, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 26 (pt 7); ref. 2594] Makemo, Paumotu Islands[= Tuamotu Islands], French Polynesia, southern Pacific. Holotype: USNM 68943. •Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:40 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:82 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

marginipinnis, Mesoprion Macleay [W.] 1883:254 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 17587] Normanby Island, New Guinea, in fresh water. Holotype (unique): AMS I.9098 (apparently lost). •Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:40 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:82 [ref. 6843]. Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

marinus, Turdus Plumier [C.] in Lacepède 1802:141 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Appeared as "Turdus marinus, totus caeruleus"; regarded as non-binominal and name only, thus not available. Lutjanidae.

marshalli, Glabrilutjanus Whitley [G. P.] 1932:338 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 18 (no. 6); ref. 4674] Dunwich, Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.4723. •Synonym of Symphorus nematophorus (Bleeker 1860) -- (Allen et al. 2006:1208 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Symphorus nematophorus (Bleeker 1860). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

marshi, Eteliscus Jenkins [O. P.] 1903:452, Fig. 21 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2341] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50714. •Valid as Etelis marshi Jenkins 1903 -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:114 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:77 [ref. 19754], Tameka in Okamura et al. 1982:239, 382 [ref. 8256]). •Synonym of Etelis carbunculus Cuvier 1828 -- (Allen 1985:26 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:7 [ref. 13770], Anderson & Allen 2001:2857 [ref. 26099], Mundy 2005:380 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:248 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Etelis carbunculus Cuvier 1828. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

maus, Mesoprion Montrouzier [X.] 1857:425 [147] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 147 of reprint. •Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:39 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:82 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

maxweberi, Lutianus Popta [C. M. L.] 1921:203 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 6 (art. 15); ref. 15325] Kali La, Muna Island, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): SMF 6602. Originally as max weberi. Original genus should have been Lutjanus. •Valid as Lutjanus maxweberi Popta 1921 -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:57 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:103 [ref. 6843], Allen 1991:137 [ref. 21090], Kottelat et al. 1993:113 [ref. 23448], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:284 [ref. 27969], Anderson & Allen 2001:2885 [ref. 26099], Allen & Erdmann 2012:452 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:86 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:90 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus maxweberi Popta 1921. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia east to Philippines and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

megalophthalmus, Neomaenis Evermann [B. W.] & Marsh [M. C.] 1900:177, Fig. 48 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 20 (pt 1) [for 1900]; ref. 14876] Puerto Real, Puerto Rico. Holotype (unique): USNM 49531. •Synonym of Lutjanus synagris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen 1985:119 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus synagris (Linnaeus 1758). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

megalops, Rhomboplitoides Fowler [H. W.] 1918:33, Fig. 14 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 70; ref. 1396] Philippines. Holotype (unique): ANSP 47507. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:126 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790 -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:53 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:99 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

melanesiae, Lutianus Seale [A.] 1906:43, Fig. 5 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 3999] Shortland Island, Solomon Islands, Pacific. Holotype (unique): BPBM 1187. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

melanospilos, Mesoprion Bleeker [P.] 1853:750 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 335] Bulucomba [Bulukumba], Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 27707 [ex RMNH 5524]. •Synonym of Lutjanus boutton (Lacepède 1802) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:27 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:66 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus boutton (Lacepède 1802). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

melanotaenia, Lutjanus Bleeker [P.] 1863:244 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 1; ref. 17006] Obi Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. •Synonym of Lutjanus lemniscatus (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:50 [ref. 6491]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus lemniscatus (Valenciennes 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

melanura, Diacope Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:92, Pl. 23 (fig. 1) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMF 1294 (2), ?17525 (2, skeletons). •Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:140 [ref. 29757], Allen 1985:84 [ref. 6843], Golani & Fricke 2018:90 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

metallicus, Diacope Bleeker [P.] 1855:63 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 26 (art. 4); ref. 357] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 8184 (1), SMNS 10612 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:16 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:47 [ref. 29864]. Appeared first without distinguishing features in Bleeker 1845:525 [ref. 312]. As name in synonymy in Bleeker 1855:63 [ref. 357]. Availability needs research. •In the synonymy of Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider 1802) -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Lutjanidae.

microchir, Mesoprion Bleeker [P.] 1853:332 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5117] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Aprion virescens Valenciennes 1830 -- (Allen 1985:20 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Aprion virescens Valenciennes 1830. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

microdon, Aprion Steindachner [F.] 1876:206 [158] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): NMW. On p. 158 of separate. •Synonym of Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1985:147 [ref. 6843], Mundy 2005:384 [ref. 28379]). •Questionably a synonym of Pristipomoides sieboldii (Bleeker 1854) -- (Anderson 1987:12 [ref. 13770], Anderson & Allen 2001:2913 [ref. 26099]). Current status: Synonym of Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

microlepis, Chaetopterus Bleeker [P.] 1869:80 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 3; ref. 14067] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia; Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: (2) ?RMNH 5448 (1). •Valid as Pristipomoides microlepis (Bleeker 1869) -- (Dor 1984:144 [ref. 29757], Chen et al. 1997:80 [ref. 26476]). •Synonym of Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1985:147 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:11 [ref. 13770], Anderson & Allen 2001:2910 [ref. 26099], Mundy 2005:384 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:250 [ref. 30952], Golani & Fricke 2018:92 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

microphthalmus, Pinjalo Lee [S.-C.] 1987:281, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Bulletin of the Institute of Zoology Academia Sinica (Taipei) v. 26 (no. 4); ref. 9101] Shiao-liu-chu, Pingtung, Taiwan. Holotype (unique): ASIZP 056180 (formerly TFRI). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:46 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Pinjalo microphthalmus Lee 1987. •Possibly a synonym of Pinjalo lewisi Randall, Allen & Anderson 1987 -- (Anderson & Allen 2001:2906 [ref. 26099]). •Possibly a synonym of Pinjalo pinjalo (Bleeker 1850) -- (Anderson & Allen 2001:2907 [ref. 26099]). •Synonym of Pinjalo lewisi Randall, Allen & Anderson 1987 -- (Leis 2008:37 [ref. 29617], Ho & Shao 2011:46 [ref. 31432]). Current status: Synonym of Pinjalo lewisi Randall, Allen & Anderson 1987. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

mitchelli, Mesoprion Günther [A.] 1867:257, Pl. 9 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 19 (no. 111); ref. 18189] No locality (probably Madras, India). Holotype (unique): BMNH 1868.3.12.1 (stuffed). •Synonym of Pinjalo pinjalo (Bleeker 1850) -- (Allen 1985:139 [ref. 6843], Randall et al. 1987:8 [ref. 6431]). Current status: Synonym of Pinjalo pinjalo (Bleeker 1850). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

mitis, Serranus Bennett [E. T.] 1831:127 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 16794] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. •Synonym of Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Fricke 1999:278 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

mizenkoi, Lutjanus Allen [G. R.] & Talbot [F. H.] 1985:58, Pl. 7H; Fig. 7 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 11; ref. 6491] Apolima Strait, 5-10 kilometers northeast of Apolima Island, Samoa, depth 100-150 meters. Holotype: CAS 55455. Paratypes: USNM 268082 (1), WAM P.28314-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:26 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:29 [ref. 30117] •Valid as Lutjanus mizenkoi Allen & Talbot 1985 -- (Allen 1985:105 [ref. 6843], Iwatsuki et al. 1993:54 [ref. 22462], Anderson & Allen 2001:2886 [ref. 26099], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:452 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:86 [ref. 33932], Iwatsuki et al. 2015:34 [ref. 34089], Motomura et al. 2017:132 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus mizenkoi Allen & Talbot 1985. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea to Philippines, northwestern Australia and Western Samoa. Habitat: marine.

modestus, Lutjanus Bleeker [P.] 1863:50, Pl. 9 (fig. 2) [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 2) v. 18 (1862); ref. 395] Ashantee, Guinea. Holotype (unique): RMNH 243. Holotype figured by Boeseman 1963:Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [ref. 21734]. •Synonym of Lutjanus agennes Bleeker 1863 -- (Allen 1985:53 [ref. 6843]). •Synonym of Lutjanus endecacanthus Bleeker 1863 -- (Lloris & Rucabado 1990:776 [ref. 15959], Carpenter in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2541 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus endecacanthus Bleeker 1863. Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

monostigma, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:446 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Seychelles, western Indian Ocean. Surviving syntype: MNHN 0000-8278 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:17-18 [ref. 21549] as holotype. Based on description and illustration in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist), and a specimen at MNHN. •Valid as Lutjanus monostigma (Cuvier 1828) -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:169 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:142 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:61 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:106 [ref. 6843], Allen in Anderson 1986:576 [ref. 5634], Iwatsuki et al. 1989:476 [ref. 12750], Winterbottom et al. 1989:37 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:182 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:37 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:202 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:285 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:124 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:184 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:182 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:146 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:272 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:15 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:826 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:247 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:14 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:102 [ref. 25868], Sakai et al. 2001:98 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2887 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:826 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:336, 611 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:627 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:249 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1201 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:61 [ref. 30213], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:140 [ref. 31128], Motomura et al. 2010:119 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:452 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:86 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Motomura et al. 2015:24 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:41 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:132 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:198 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:91 [ref. 36273], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2018:153 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:82 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus monostigma (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Kiribati (Line Islands) and Pitcairn, north to southern Japan, south to off northwestern Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

multidens, Mesoprion Day [F.] 1871:680 [4] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1870 (pt 3); ref. 1078] Andaman Islands [India, Andaman Sea, eastern Indian Ocean]. Syntypes: ZSI 1672 (1), 2010 (1, lost), 3143 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762]. On p. 4 of separate. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Valid as Pristipomoides multidens (Day 1871) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:110 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:70 [ref. 19754], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:166 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:152 [ref. 6843], Allen in Anderson 1986:578 [ref. 5634], Akazaki & Iwatsuki 1987:329 [ref. 6699], Allen & Swainston 1988:78 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:37 [ref. 13251], Kramer et al. 1994:74 [ref. 21258], Leis & Lee 1994:107 [ref. 21402], Goren & Dor 1994:38 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:205 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:291 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:120 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:79 [ref. 26476] dated 1870, Nakabo 2000:830 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:489 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2912 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:830 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624] dated to 1870, Shinohara et al. 2005:435 [ref. 28370], Allen et al. 2006:1206 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:62 [ref. 30213], Larson et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:249 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:136 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:326 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:92 [ref. 36273], Jawad et al. 2018:108 [ref. 36262], Eagderi et al. 2019:83 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pristipomoides multidens (Day 1871). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Réunion (western Mascarenes) and Persian Gulf east to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

myriaster, Mesoprio Liénard [F.] 1839:32 [Rapport Annuel sur les travaux de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Ile Maurice No. 10; ref. 17536] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): NHMI (not found). Genus should have been Mesoprion. For comments on authorship see Monod 1976:21, 22 [ref. 30339]. •Synonym of Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:65 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:112 [ref. 6843], Fricke 1999:274 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

naborer, Mesoprion Montrouzier [X.] 1857:424 [146] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 146 of reprint. •Synonym of Lutjanus carponotatus (Richardson 1842) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:28 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:69 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus carponotatus (Richardson 1842). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

nematophorus, Mesoprion Bleeker [P.] 1860:56 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 8 (art. 7); ref. 379] Badjoa, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 5546 (2). •Valid as Glabrilutjanus nematophorus (Bleeker 1860) -- (Chen et al. 1997:87 [ref. 26476]). •Valid as Symphorus nematophorus (Bleeker 1860) -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:168 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:160 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:17 [ref. 13770], Allen & Swainston 1988:78 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:186 [ref. 15987], Leis & Bray 1995:429 [ref. 21283], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:294 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:120 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:186 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:186 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:736 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:827 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:250 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2918 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:827 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:256 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1208 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:459 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:88 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:158 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Symphorus nematophorus (Bleeker 1860). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and Vanuatu, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

nigra, Sciaena Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:47, xi [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P4780 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:64 [ref. 9588]. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pls. 14-15 [ref. 20847]. •Valid as Macolor niger (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:96 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:63 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:143 [ref. 29757], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:168 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:127 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1986:577 [ref. 5634], Anderson 1987:20 [ref. 13770], Kishimoto et al. 1987:152 [ref. 6061], Winterbottom et al. 1989:37 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:185 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:38 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:289 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:124 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:82 [ref. 26476] with genus as Mocolor, Randall et al. 1997:185 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:147 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:276 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:819 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:251 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2898 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:819 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:627 [ref. 27495], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:90 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:204 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:254 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1203 [ref. 29090], Leis 2007:1 [ref. 29382], Fricke et al. 2009:62 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:120 [ref. 31256], Hay & Leis 2011:85 [ref. 31399], Allen & Erdmann 2012:457 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:259 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:87 [ref. 33932], Vineesh et al. 2014:21[ref. 33687], Psomadakis et al. 2015:248 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:41 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:200 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:92 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Macolor niger (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and western Mascarenes, Christmas Island, east to Marshall Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to off northwestern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

nigricauda, Genyoroge De Vis [C. W.] 1884:391 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Queensland coast, Australia. Holotype: QM (not found). •Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:40 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:82 [ref. 6843], Allen et al. 2006:1200 [ref. 29090], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nishikawae, Lutianus Smith [H. M.] & Pope [T. E. B.] 1906:474 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 31 (no. 1489); ref. 4058] Hamashima, Japan. Holotype (unique): USNM 55614. •Synonym of Lutjanus russellii (Bleeker 1849) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:67 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:113 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus russellii (Bleeker 1849). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

norve, Lutianus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:Pl. 256 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] See Lutjanus norwegicus. Lutjanidae.

notata, Diacope Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:422 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Indian Ocean. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-7982. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-5443 (2, dry), B-2924 (2, dry). Lectotype selected by Allen & Talbot 1985:63 [ref. 6491]; they identify MNHN A-5443 (2) as L. bengalensis. •Valid as Lutjanus notatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:62 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:107 [ref. 6843], Allen in Anderson 1986:576 [ref. 5634], Fricke 1999:273 [ref. 24106], Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:200 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:250 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2009:61 [ref. 30213], Iwatsuki et al. 2016:526 [ref. 34361], Fricke et al. 2018:198 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus notatus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Distribution: South and East Africa to Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes. Habitat: marine.

notatus, Lutianus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:325 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Apparently independent of (but preoccupied by) Lutjanus notatus Bloch 1790. Objectively invalid. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

nouleny, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:247 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Coromandel, India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7145 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:20 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790 -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:53 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:99 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

novemfasciatus, Lutjanus Gill [T. N.] 1862:251 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14; ref. 4909] Baja California, Mexico. Syntypes: USNM 4010 (2). •Valid as Lutjanus novemfasciatus Gill 1862 -- (Allen 1985:108 [ref. 6843], Allen & Robertson 1994:140 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:112 [ref. 23101], Allen in Fischer et al. 1995:1242 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:217 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:393 [ref. 24023], Bussing 1998:280 [ref. 24179], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:370 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:299 [ref. 24550], Thomson et al. 2000:119 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:342 [ref. 28615], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], Angulo et al. 2013:1001 [ref. 33194], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Barriga S. 2014:119 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:408 [ref. 34894], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Kells et al. 2016:242 [ref. 35888], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:91 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:305 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus novemfasciatus Gill 1862. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nudimaxillaris, Etelis Yoshino [T.] & Araga [C.] in Masuda, Araga & Yoshino 1975:236, Pl. 61 (fig. h) [Coastal fishes of southern Japan; ref. 2902] Off Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: URB 78-0110. Paratypes: URB 78-0111 (1). Treated as a new species in the first edition (1975), but later treated as a synonym of Randallichthys filamentosus (Fourmanoir 1970) in the revised (1980) edition. •Synonym of Randallichthys filamentosus (Fourmanoir 1970) -- (Allen 1985:156 [ref. 6843], Anderson et al. 1977 [ref. 115], Anderson 1987:8 [ref. 13770], Anderson & Allen 2001:2916 [ref. 26099]). Current status: Synonym of Randallichthys filamentosus (Fourmanoir 1970). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

nukuhivae, Lutianus Seale [A.] 1906:40, Fig. 5 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 3999] Nuku Hiva, Marquesas Islands, Pacific. Holotype (unique): BPBM 2164. •Synonym of Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:25 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:64 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

obscurus, Mesoprion Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:236 [28] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 47 (pt 1); ref. 4246] On p. 28 of separate. Not available, name mentioned in passing in the synonomy of Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae.

obscurus, Mesoprion Macleay [W.] 1881:331 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 3); ref. 17577] Endeavour River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16329-001 [ex MAMU F527]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:207 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:19 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:58 [ref. 6843], Allen et al. 2006:1198 [ref. 29090], Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

octolineata, Diacope Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:418 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Red Sea; Tahiti; Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean: Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-A5446 (dry). Paralectotypes: MNHN A-5446 (1, dry), A-5448 (2, dry), 7971 (1), 7972 (1) all from Mauritius; MNHN A-5447 (2) Indian Ocean; MNHN 0000-7973 (1) Tahiti; one syntype from Red Sea lost. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:9-10, 32 [ref. 21549]. Based on literature and specimens; not regarded as a replacement name. Lectotype selected by Iwatsuki et al. 2016:513 [ref. 34361]. •Synonym of Lutjanus kasmira (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:140 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Lutjanus bengalensis in part (Bloch 1790) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:21 [ref. 6491] who treat MNHN 7973 as L. kasmira, Allen 1985:61 [ref. 6843], Fricke 1999:266 [ref. 24106]). •Synonym of Lutjanus kasmira (Forsskål 1775) in part -- (Allen 1985:96 [ref. 6843], Fricke 1999:272 [ref. 24106]). •Valid as Lutjanus octolineatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2016:513 [ref. 34361], Fricke et al. 2018:199 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus octolineatus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Distribution: South Africa, Mozambique, Seychelles and Madagascar to western Mascarenes and Maldives. Habitat: marine.

octolineatus, Lutjanus Fourmanoir [P.] 1957:111 [Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar. Série F. Océanographie v. 1; ref. 11992] Anjouan, Comoro Islands, depth less than 80 meters. Syntypes: IRSMNB (lost) Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:25 [ref. 21549]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Lutjanus by Diacope octolineata Cuvier 1828. •In the synonym of Lutjanus notatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen 1985:107 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus notatus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

octovittata, Diacope Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:528 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7046. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:10 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus bengalensis (Bloch 1790) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:21 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:61 [ref. 6843], Fricke 1999:267 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus bengalensis (Bloch 1790). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

octovittatus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:430, 477, Pl. 22 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Grand Ocean [Indo-Pacific]. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:99 [ref. 19171], Bauchot et al. 1981:25 [ref. 21549]. Based on a Commerson figure. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:267 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Synonym of Lutjanus bengalensis (Bloch 1790) -- (Fricke 1999:265 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus bengalensis (Bloch 1790). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

oculatus, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:266, Pl. 32 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Martinique Island, West Indies. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-4329. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-4330 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:20 [ref. 21549] with MNHN 4329 as holotype; MNHN 4329 designated lectotype by Eschmeyer 1998:1230 [ref. 23416]. •Valid as Etelis oculatus (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Anderson 1981:821 [ref. 5433], Allen 1985:28 [ref. 6843], Robins & Ray 1986:168 [ref. 23100], Anderson 1987:7 [ref. 13770], Cervigón 1992:351 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:124 [ref. 24474], Leis & Lee 1994:85 [ref. 21402], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:251 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:160 [ref. 27754], Moore et al. 2003:226 [ref. 27076], Anderson 2003:1488 [ref. 27091], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:82 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:322 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:50 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:19 [ref. 34324], Randall et al. 2019:182 [ref. 37132]). Current status: Valid as Etelis oculatus (Valenciennes 1828). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

ojanco, Mesoprion Poey [F.] 1860:150, Pl. 13 (fig. 10) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 9917 (3), 9939 (1), 9950 (1), 9952 (3). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:197 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Lutjanus mahogoni (Cuvier 1828). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus mahogoni (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

oligolepis, Lutjanus Bleeker [P.] 1873:43 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 7; ref. 433] Padang, Sumatra; Jakarta, Java; Makassar, Sulawesi; Ternate; Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (7) ?BMNH 1880.4.21.40 (1), RMNH 5547 (4 of 6). •Synonym of Lutjanus ehrenbergii (Peters 1869) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:32 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:76 [ref. 6843], Miesen et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus ehrenbergii (Peters 1869). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

olivaceus, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:478 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Waigeo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8381. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:18 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:19 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:58 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ophuysenii, Mesoprion Bleeker [P.] 1860:74 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 8 (art. 2); ref. 375] Benkulen, Sumatra, Indonesia; Nagasaki, Japan. Presumed syntypes: RMNH 31722-74 [ex RMNH 5542] (1, 1). •Synonym of Lutjanus vitta (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:76 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:123 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Lutjanus ophuysenii (Bleeker 1860) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1993:48 [ref. 22462], Lee & Cheng 1996:340 [ref. 22435], Nakabo 2000:822 [ref. 25086], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:121 [ref. 25480], Shimizu 2001:30 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:822 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:336, 611 [ref. 26218], Iwatsuki et al. 2015:34 [ref. 34089], Kim & Kim 2016:1 [ref. 34982]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus ophuysenii (Bleeker 1860). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

orientalis, Lutianus Seale [A.] 1910:513 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Limbones Cove, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 2201 (apparently destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP (3, apparently destroyed). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Lutjanus orientalis Lacepède 1802. •Synonym of Lutjanus russellii (Bleeker 1849) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:67 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:113 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus russellii (Bleeker 1849). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

pacificus, Mesoprion Bocourt [F.] 1868:223 [Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (Zoologie et Paléontologie) (Sér. 5) v. 10; ref. 14069] Tauesco [Tanesco], western coast of Guatemala. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-5213 (1), 5214 (1), A-2844 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:18 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus novemfasciatus Gill 1862 -- (Allen 1985:108 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus novemfasciatus Gill 1862. Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

palmeri, Lutjanus Fowler [H. W.] 1931:94 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 11; ref. 1407] Malabang, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 89995. •Synonym of Lutjanus maxweberi Popta 1921 -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:57 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:103 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus maxweberi Popta 1921. Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

papuensis, Lutjanus Allen [G. R.], White [W. T.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2013:40, Figs. 6-8 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 6; ref. 32521] East Wandammen, Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua Province, Indonesia, 2°36.153'S, 134°39.148'E, depth 10 meters. Holotype: MZB 21123. Paratypes: CSIRO H 7407-01 (1), USNM 408444 (1), WAM P. 33780-001 (1). •Valid as Lutjanus papuensis Allen, White & Erdmann 2013. Current status: Valid as Lutjanus papuensis Allen, White & Erdmann 2013. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

paraemulon, Lutjanus Bleeker [P.] 1872:150 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 4; ref. 431] China. No types known. Based on a painting. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

paragrapsimodon, Paracaesio Anderson [W. D., Jr.] & Kailola [P. J.] in Anderson, Kailola & Collette 1992:447, Figs. 1A, 2A, 3 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 105 (no. 3); ref. 20198] Ponape, Caroline Islands. Holotype: USNM 269287. Paratypes: AMS I.31427-001 (1). •Valid as Paracaesio paragrapsimodon Anderson & Kailola 1992 -- (Leis et al. 1997:699 [ref. 23517], Anderson & Allen 2001:2901 [ref. 26099], White & Last 2012:51 [ref. 32118]). Current status: Valid as Paracaesio paragrapsimodon Anderson & Kailola 1992. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

paravitta, Lutjanus Postel [E.] 1965:244, Fig. 1 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 37 (no. 2); ref. 9245] Ile des Pins, southern tip of New Caledonia and Market in Nouméa. Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:26 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus adetii (Castelnau 1873) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:17 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:52 [ref. 6843], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:333 [ref. 28867] as parvavitta). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus adetii (Castelnau 1873). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

pargus, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:473 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Puerto Rico. Holotype (unique): not found at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:26 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus cyanopterus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen 1985:72 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus cyanopterus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

parvidens, Mesoprion Macleay [W.] 1882:234 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 7 (pt 2); ref. 17584] New Guinea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:65 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:112 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

pavoninus, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:443 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Mumbai, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5390. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:20 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus johnii (Bloch 1792) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:46 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:94 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus johnii (Bloch 1792). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pedleyi, Paracaesio McCulloch [A. R.] & Waite [E. R.] 1916:440, Pl. 42 [Transactions Royal Society of South Australia v. 40; ref. 15058] Lord Howe Island. Holotype (unique): AMS I.13885. •Synonym of Paracaesio xanthura (Bleeker 1869) -- (Allen 1985:137 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:15 [ref. 13770], Allen et al. 2006:1204 [ref. 29090]). •Questionably a synonym of Paracaesio xanthura (Bleeker 1869) -- (Anderson & Allen 2001:2904 [ref. 26099], White & Last 2012:51 [ref. 32118]). •Status uncertain, in the Paracaesio xanthura complex -- (Anderson et al. 1992:455 [ref. 20198]). Current status: Synonym of Paracaesio xanthura (Bleeker 1869). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

peru, Neomaenis Nichols [J. T.] & Murphy [R. C.] 1922:508, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 46 (art. 9); ref. 15356] Lobos de Tierra Island, Peru. Holotype (unique): AMNH 7415. •Valid as Lutjanus peru (Nichols & Murphy 1922) -- (Allen 1985:109 [ref. 6843], Allen & Robertson 1994:140 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:112 [ref. 23101], Allen in Fischer et al. 1995:1243 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:218 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:370 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:301 [ref. 24550], Thomson et al. 2000:121 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:446 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:242 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus peru (Nichols & Murphy 1922). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

phaiotaeniatus, Mesoprion Bleeker [P.] 1849:43 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [13]; ref. 318] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype: RMNH 31731 [ex RMNH 5542]. •Synonym of Lutjanus vitta (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:76 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:123 [ref. 6843], Iwatsuki et al. 1993:53 [ref. 22462], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus vitta (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

philippinus, Lutianus Borodin [N. A.] 1930:50, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Bulletin Vanderbilt Marine Museum v. 1 (art. 2); ref. 16069] Philippines. Holotype (unique): VMM 509 (now at AMNH). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

pikea, Sparoperca Steindachner [F.] in Gudger 1929:528 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 58 (art. 9); ref. 11187] Name on an unpublished drawing by Pike from Mauritius, not available, no description. •In the synonymy of Aphareus furca (Lacepède 1801) -- (Fricke 1999:264 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Aphareus furca (Lacepède 1801). Lutjanidae.

pinjalo, Caesio Bleeker [P.] 1850:10 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 7); ref. 322] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1880.4.21.29 (1); RMNH 5711 (1), 30486 [not 30484] [ex RMNH 5711] (1). Also in Bleeker 1850:102 [ref. 16888]. •Valid as Pinjalo pinjalo (Bleeker 1850) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:64 [ref. 19754], Allen 1985:139 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:20 [ref. 13770], Randall et al. 1987:8 [ref. 6431], Goren & Dor 1994:38 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:204 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:290 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:126 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:173 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:87 [ref. 26476], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:125 [ref. 25480], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:255 [ref. 28239], Leis 2008:37, 39 [ref. 29617], Iwatsuki in Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:143 [ref. 31128], Allen & Erdmann 2012:458 [ref. 31980], Yoshida et al. 2013:134 [ref. 34464], Psomadakis et al. 2015:248 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:326 [ref. 36183], Eagderi et al. 2019:83 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Pinjalo pinjalo (Bleeker 1850). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Persian Gulf east to Philippines and Papua New Guinea, north to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

placidus, Aprion virescens Whitley [G. P.] 1937:137 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 11 (pt 2); ref. 4689] Rib Reef, Townsville, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.5307. •Synonym of Aprion virescens Valenciennes 1830 -- (Allen et al. 2006:1194 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Aprion virescens Valenciennes 1830. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

pluvius, Apsilus Tanaka [S.] 1917:40 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 29 (no. 340); ref. 17353] Tokyo fish market, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 4677 (lost). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

polyzonia, Perca Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:316, xliv [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] South Seas. No types known. As Percam polyzoniam in text; Latinized in index (p. xliv). Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

pomacanthus, Mesoprion Bleeker [P.] 1855:407 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 350] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (5) RMNH 5521 (up to 4 of 26). •Synonym of Lutjanus bengalensis (Bloch 1790) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:21 [ref. 6491] in part, 2 in RMNH 5521 are L. kasmira, Allen 1985:61, 96 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus bengalensis (Bloch 1790). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

prieto, Lutjanus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:353 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 237); ref. 2470] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Syntypes: USNM 28196 (1), 28231 (1), ?28253 (1?), 28384 (1), 29567 (1), 29779 (1), ?29787 (?). •Synonym of Lutjanus novemfasciatus Gill 1862 -- (Allen 1985:108 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus novemfasciatus Gill 1862. Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pristipoma, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1854:246 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 345] Sibogha, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 5449 (2). Unneeded replacement name for Pristipomoides typus Bleeker 1852. •Synonym of Pristipomoides argyrogrammicus (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Dor 1984:143 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Pristipomoides typus Bleeker 1852 with same type specimens. Current status: Synonym of Pristipomoides typus Bleeker 1852. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

profundus, Mesoprion Poey [F.] 1860:150 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Syntypes and/or Poey specimens: MCZ 9966 (1), 9990 (1); USNM 24796 (1, possibly the described syntype). •Synonym of Lutjanus vivanus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Rivas 1966:130 [ref. 23910], Allen 1985:124 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus vivanus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

purpureus, Mesoprion Poey [F.] 1866:267 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 14057] No types known. See Mesoprion purpureus Cuvier 1828. Appeared above under the account of Mesoprion aya of Cuvier (not of Bloch). Also appeared in Poey 1875:103 [p. 29 of separate] [ref. 3509], but this is not an original description. A Poey specimen is in MCZ 9982 (see Rivas 1966:128 [ref. 23910]). •Valid as Lutjanus purpureus (Poey 1866) -- (Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:245 [ref. 14275], Allen 1985:111 [ref. 6843], Robins & Ray 1986:172 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1993:141 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Keith et al. 2000:114 [ref. 24547], Anderson 2003:1497 [ref. 27091], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:331 [ref. 28815], Moura & Lindeman 2007:38 [ref. 29018]). •Treated by Gomes al. 2012:979 [ref. 32654] [but without date for campechanus] as a synonym of Lutjanus campechanus (Poey 1860). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus purpureus (Poey 1866). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Caribbean Sea and southwards through northeastern Brazil, southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

purpureus, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:471 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Santo Domingo. No types known. This species was mentioned under the account of Mesopiron griseus on p. 471 but with a characterization of four anal spines based on a Plumier drawing; although Cuvier mentioned that Plumier's drawing may be inaccurate. Cuvier's treatment of Mesoprion aya (not of Bloch) on p. 457 of the same work also refers to a specimen with 4 anal spines (evidently the same fish). The mention of purpureus by Cuvier was overlooked by Rivas 1966:126 [ref. 23910] who attributed the species to Poey and indicated incorrectly that the name purpureus did not appear in Cuvier. Poey included Cuvier's Mesoprion aya and Mesoprion purpureus in his purpureus, and also Bodianus aya Bloch and B. ruber Bloch & Schneider. The last two Bloch species were treated as unidentifiable and most likely a sciaenid by Rivas 1966:119-120 [ref. 23910], but given the inaccuracy of drawings of this vintage such assumptions are unwarranted. Also the plate accompanying the original descriptions of Bodianus viranetus Lacepède 1802 and Sparus tetracanthus Bloch 1791 are evidently redrawn from the same Plumier drawing of the specimen with 4 anal spines. One problem is how best to treat the Mesoprion purpureus in Cuvier on p. 471. The best solution perhaps is to reject aya Bloch and ruber Bloch as unidentifiable and to treat purpureus in Cuvier as a name mentioned in passing and not available (and not a name in synonymy). Careful fixation of species with types also is needed. Perhaps the ICZN should be requested to reject the earlier names and should, in the interest of stability in this commercially important group, establish authorship as Poey 1866 [or perhaps 1875] under the name purpureus. •Questionably in the synonymy of Lutjanus campechanus (Poey 1860) or Lutjanus purpureus (Poey 1866). Current status: Unknown. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

quadriguttata, Diacope Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:427 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] North coast of Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean.; Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea; Seychelles. Syntypes: MNHN 0072 (1) Seychelles, 8180 (1) Massawa, 8181 (1) Seychelles. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:10, 32 [ref. 21549]. Not regarded as a replacement name. •Synonym of Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:139 [ref. 29757] with species as quadruguttata, Allen & Talbot 1985:24 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:64 [ref. 6843], Fricke 1999:268 [ref. 24106], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989], Golani & Fricke 2018:90 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

quadripunctatus, Mesoprion Günther [A.] 1859:182 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Not available, name on specimen from Ambon mentioned under Genyoroge rivulata. •In the synonymy of Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:65 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:112 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae.

quinquelineatus, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:84, Pl. 239 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] Japan. Lectotype: ZMB 8842 (right skin). Paralectotypes: ZMB (2, stuffed, lost). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:97 [ref. 24282]. Lectotype designated by Paepke 1999:97 [ref. 24282]. Spelled quinquelinearis on plate and quinquelineatus in text; first reviser not researched. On p. 65 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. Renamed Grammistes quinquevittatus by Bloch & Schneider 1801:187 [ref. 471]. •Valid as Lutjanus quinquelineatus (Bloch 1790) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:60 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:143 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:63 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:111 [ref. 6843], Allen & Swainston 1988:80 [ref. 25477], Iwatsuki et al. 1989:476 [ref. 12750], Randall et al. 1990:182 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:184 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:161 [ref. 25479], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:284 [ref. 24014], Goren & Dor 1994:38 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:202 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:285 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:122 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:172 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:186 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:182 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:735 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:820 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:247 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:102 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:100 [ref. 26368], Sakai et al. 2001:98 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2888 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:820 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:250 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1201 [ref. 29090], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:141 [ref. 31128], Motomura et al. 2010:119 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:453 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:86 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2014:1 [ref. 35337], Psomadakis et al. 2015:246 [ref. 34104], Iwatsuki et al. 2016:526 [ref. 34361], Fowler et al. 2017:[4] 2252 [ref. 36358], Motomura et al. 2017:133 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:326 [ref. 36183], Eagderi et al. 2019:82 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus quinquelineatus (Bloch 1790). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Socotra and Persian Gulf east to Philippines and Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to southern New South Wales (Australia) and Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.

quinquelineatus, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:445 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH D203 (2, dry); Russell specimen unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:26 [ref. 21549]. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

quinquevittatus, Grammistes Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:187 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Japan. No types known. An unneeded substitute name for Holocentrus quinquelineatus Bloch 1790. •Objective synonym of Lutjanus quinquelineatus (Bloch 1790). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus quinquelineatus (Bloch 1790). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

rabirrubia, Anthias Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Parra) 1801:309 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Locality not stated [Havana, Cuba]. No types known. Based on the 'Rabirrubia' of Parra 1787:42, Pl. 20 (fig. 1) [ref. 6840]. •Synonym of Ocyurus chrysurus (Bloch 1791) -- (Allen 1985:129 [ref. 6843], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:778 [ref. 15959] as rabirubia). Current status: Synonym of Ocyurus chrysurus (Bloch 1791). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

radiosus, Etelis Anderson [W. D., Jr.] 1981:821, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1981 (no. 4); ref. 5433] Off Galle, Sri Lanka. Holotype: USNM 220073. Paratypes: ANSP 141868 (1). Additional non-type material: AMS I.15408-001 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:126 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Etelis radiosus Anderson 1981 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:167 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:29 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:7 [ref. 13770], Allen & Swainston 1988:78 [ref. 25477], Kramer et al. 1994:73 [ref. 21258], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:271 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:120 [ref. 23977], Nakabo 2000:828 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:487 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2859 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:828 [ref. 26001], Randall et al. 2002:158 [ref. 26192], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Shinohara et al. 2005:434 [ref. 28370], Allen et al. 2006:1196 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:60 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2019:151 [ref. 36673], Randall et al. 2019:181 [ref. 37132]). Current status: Valid as Etelis radiosus Anderson 1981. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Réunion (western Mascarenes); Sri Lanka east to Caroline Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

rangus, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:481 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Java, Indonesia; Vizagapatam, India. Syntypes: RMNH D209 (1, dry), SMF 2979 [ex RMHH] (1, dry) Indian Ocean. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:26 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:25 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:64 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

regia, Genyoroge De Vis [C. W.] 1884:145 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 17384] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: QM I.3096 (dry mount). •Synonym of Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier 1816) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:71 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:116 [ref. 6843], Allen et al. 2006:1202 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier 1816). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

retrospinis, Mesoprion Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:541 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Gorée, Senegal. Holotype (unique): not found at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:26 [ref. 21549]. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

revulina, Diacope Swainson [W.] 1839:210 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] An incorrect subsequent spelling of Diacope rivulata Cuvier 1828. Under Diacope, Swainson referred to "revulina. Cuv. pl. 38." •In the synonymy of Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:65 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:112 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae.

ricardi, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:448 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Martinique Island, West Indies. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8386 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:18 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus mahogoni (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen 1985:101 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus mahogoni (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

rijgersmaei, Ocyurus Cope [E. D.] 1871:468, Fig. 4 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 14 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 920] St. Kitts Island, West Indies. Syntypes: ANSP 13229 (1), 13226-28 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:126 [ref. 13621] as holotype (13229) and paratypes. •Synonym of Ocyurus chrysurus (Bloch 1791) -- (Allen 1985:129 [ref. 6843] and Lloris & Rucabado 1990:778 [ref. 15959] as rijgersmoei). Current status: Synonym of Ocyurus chrysurus (Bloch 1791). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

rivulata, Diacope Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:414, Pl. 38 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Puducherry, India; Java, Indonesia; Red Sea; [Malabar] India, Arabian Sea, western Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN A-7747 (1) Puducherry, A-7748 (1) Malabar, ?MNHN 0000-7989 (1) Malabar; RMNH D210 (1, dry) and D290 (1, dry) Java; ZMB 7861 (1, stuffed) Red Sea. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:10 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:92 [ref. 19756], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:169 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:142 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:65 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:112 [ref. 6843], Allen in Anderson 1986:576 [ref. 5634], Allen & Swainston 1988:80 [ref. 25477], Iwatsuki et al. 1989:476 [ref. 12750], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:523 [ref. 25598], Winterbottom et al. 1989:37 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:182 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:38 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:202 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:122 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:182 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:146 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:274 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:824 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:248 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:102 [ref. 25868], Sakai et al. 2001:98 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2889 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:824 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:336, 611 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:627 [ref. 27495], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:90 [ref. 27510], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:35 [ref. 27712], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:201 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:250 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1202 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:61 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:119 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:453 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:259 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:87 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:246 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:41 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:133 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:199 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:91 [ref. 36273], Jawad et al. 2018:79 [ref. 36085], Jawad et al. 2018:108 [ref. 36262], Suresh et al. 2018:230 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:82 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar, Mascarenes and Persian Gulf east to Palau and Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

rosaceus, Mesoprion Poey [F.] 1870:317 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 9 (art. 23); ref. 18563] Cuba. No types known. •Synonym of Lutjanus analis (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen 1985:55 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus analis (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

rosea, Diacope Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:537 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Uléa, Caroline Islands, western Pacific. No types preserved. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:23 [ref. 21549]. Based on a drawing by Mertens (Franz Karl Mertens, 1764-1831, German botanist). •Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:43 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:84 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

roseigaster, Mesoprion Macleay [W.] 1881:331 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 3); ref. 17577] Rockingham Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16331-001 [ex MAMU F530]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:207 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:19 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:58 [ref. 6843], Allen et al. 2006:1198 [ref. 29090], Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

roseus, Aphareus Castelnau [F. L.] 1879:373 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 4); ref. 764] Sydney market, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown, not at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:21 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1985:147 [ref. 6843], Allen et al. 2006:1205 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

roseus, Lutianus Day [F.] 1875:38, Pl. 11 (fig. 6) [The fishes of India Part 1; ref. 1080] Madras, India. Syntypes: ZSI 3021 (1, figured specimen, destroyed). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762]. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

rubellus, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:475 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Puducherry, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-7725 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:18 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus erythropterus Bloch 1790 -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:36 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:78 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus erythropterus Bloch 1790. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

rubens, Mesoprion Macleay [W.] 1882:232 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 7 (pt 2); ref. 17584] Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. Syntypes: AMS I.9464-65 (1, 1). •Synonym of Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:25 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:64 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

ruber, Bodianus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:330 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Brazilian Lakes. No types known. Based on Bodianus aya Bloch. •Regarded as unidentifiable, perhaps a sciaenid -- (see Rivas 1966:119-120 [ref. 23910]) but that is probably incorrect. •See Mesoprion purpureus Cuvier (also Poey). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

rufolineata, Diacope Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:531 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] New Guinea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0861. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:11 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus boutton (Lacepède 1802) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:27 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:66 [ref. 6843]). •Valid as Lutjanus rufolineatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:170 [ref. 6441], Allen 1995:11 [ref. 21857], Allen 1997:122 [ref. 23977], Anderson et al. 1998:24 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:146 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:826 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:102 [ref. 25868], Anderson & Allen 2001:2890 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:826 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830] dated to 1828, Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:251 [ref. 28239], Randall et al. 2005:122 [ref. 28745], Allen et al. 2006:1202 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:453 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:87 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2014:1 [ref. 35337], Fricke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus rufolineatus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea east to Marshall Islands and Samoa, north to Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Northern Territory and Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

russellii, Mesoprion Bleeker [P.] 1849:41 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [13]; ref. 318] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1880.4.21.27 (1), ?NMV 46318 (1), RMNH 5526 (1 or more of 26). •Valid as Lutjanus russellii (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:58 [ref. 19754] as russelli, Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:169 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:142 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:67 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:113 [ref. 6843], Allen in Anderson 1986:577 [ref. 5634], Allen & Swainston 1988:80 [ref. 25477], Iwatsuki et al. 1989:476 [ref. 12750], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:526 [ref. 25598], Randall et al. 1990:183 [ref. 15987], Kottelat et al. 1993:114 [ref. 23448], Kuiter 1993:184 [ref. 23929], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:285 [ref. 24014] as russelli, Goren & Dor 1994:38 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:203 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:286 [ref. 27969] as russelli, Allen 1997:122 [ref. 23977] as russelli, Chen et al. 1997:85 [ref. 26476], Larson & Williams 1997:360 [ref. 23967] as russelli, Carpenter et al. 1997:173 [ref. 23922] as russelli, Randall et al. 1997:183 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:275 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:735 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:822 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:67 [ref. 25191], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:248 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:122 [ref. 25480], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:122 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Sakai et al. 2001:98 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841] as russelli, Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2891 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:822 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:337, 611 [ref. 26218] as russelli, Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830] as russelli, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716] as russelli, Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715] as russelli, Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:202 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:251 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1202 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:62 [ref. 30213], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:141 [ref. 31128], Motomura et al. 2010:119 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:454 [ref. 31980], Allen et al. 2013:35 [ref. 32521], Larson et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:132 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:87 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:133 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:326 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:197 [ref. 35805], Jawad et al. 2018:108 [ref. 36262], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2018:153 [ref. 36460], Arndt & Fricke 2019:21 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus russellii (Bleeker 1849). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines, Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and Queensland (Australia). Habitat: brackish, marine.

rutilans, Aphareus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:490 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Red Sea; possibly also Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean; and Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-7453 (1) Red Sea, ZMB (1) Red Sea, Ehrenberg (apparently lost). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:5 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Aphareus rutilans Cuvier 1830 -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:120 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:81 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:136 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:167 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:19 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1986:572 [ref. 5634], Anderson 1987:8 [ref. 13770], Allen & Swainston 1988:78 [ref. 25477], Leis & Lee 1994:61 [ref. 21402], Goren & Dor 1994:36 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:197 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:270 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:124 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:80 [ref. 26476], Randall et al. 1997:512 [ref. 25919], Adam et al. 1998:12 [ref. 23610], Myers 1999:144 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:264 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:829 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:493 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2855 [ref. 26099], Randall et al. 2002:158 [ref. 26192], Nakabo 2002:829 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:85 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:196 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:243 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:380 [ref. 28379], Randall et al. 2005:122 [ref. 28745], Allen et al. 2006:1194 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:247 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:60 [ref. 30213], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:135 [ref. 31128], Psomadakis et al. 2015:239 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:128 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:193 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:89 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:151 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Aphareus rutilans Cuvier 1830. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

sacrestinus, Caranxomorus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1803:681, 682 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5703 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:6-7 [ref. 21549]. Based on Commerson manuscript. •Synonym of Aphareus furcatus [sic, furca] (Lacepède 1801) -- (Allen 1985:18 [ref. 6843]). •Synonym of Aphareus furca (Lacepède 1801) -- (Fricke 1999:263 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Aphareus furca (Lacepède 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

salmonoides, Lutianus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:146 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2); ref. 14320] Harbor at Natal and East London, South Africa. Syntypes: (2) SAM 9948 (1). •Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:19 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:58 [ref. 6843], Allen in Anderson 1986:574 [ref. 5634], Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sambra, Alphestes Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:236, Pl. 51 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi, India]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 354. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:96 [ref. 24282]. Name used on plate and index was sambra, name used in text was gembra but corrected in Corrigenda to sambra. •Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:18 [ref. 6491] based on placement of gembra, Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sanctiandrewsi, Prionodes Fowler [H. W.] 1944:152, Fig. 187 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] St. Andrews Island [San Andrés Island], West Indies, 12°33'N, 81°43'W. Holotype (unique): ANSP 70307. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:156 [ref. 13621]. Originally as sancti-andrewsi. •Synonym of Lutjanus synagris (Linnaeus 1758) or Lutjanus mahogoni (Cuvier 1828) -- (Heemstra 1974:24 [ref. 7125]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus synagris (Linnaeus 1758). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

sanguinea, Diacope Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:437 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Possible types: ZMB 8146 (1, stuffed). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:24 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Dor 1984:141 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Lutjanus sanguineus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:78 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:54 [ref. 19754], Allen & Talbot 1985:69 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:115 [ref. 6843], Allen in Anderson 1986:577 [ref. 5634], Goren & Dor 1994:38 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:203 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:286 [ref. 27969], Carpenter et al. 1997:173 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:85 [ref. 26476], Mishra et al. 1999:86 [ref. 25315], Kar & Chakraborty 2001:126 [ref. 25680], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:202 [ref. 28072], Psomadakis et al. 2015:247 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:326 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:199 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:91 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:83 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus sanguineus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Arabian Sea coast of India. Habitat: marine.

sapphirolineatus, Lutjanus Iwatsuki [Y.], Al-Mamry [J. M.] & Heemstra [P. C.] 2016:523, Figs. 2C, 4 [Zootaxa 4098 (no. 3); ref. 34361] Muttra, Gulf of Oman, Oman. Holotype: MUFS 33724. Paratypes: MUFS, OMMSFC, USNM. •Valid as Lutjanus sapphirolineatus Iwatsuki, Al-Mamry & Heemstra 2016 -- (Golani & Fricke 2018:91 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:83 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus sapphirolineatus Iwatsuki, Al-Mamry & Heemstra 2016. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Somalia, Socotra, Oman, Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

sebae, Diacope Cuvier [G.] 1816:275 [Le Règne Animal v. 2; ref. 993] No locality stated [Indonesia; Coromandel coast, India, eastern Indian Ocean]. Types: Seba and Russell specimens. Non-types: MNHN A-7745 (1) Puducherry, MNHN 0000-7849 (1) Waigiu; RMNH 259 (1) Java. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:11 [ref. 21549] but dated to 1828 with wrong types. As "Diac. nob Sebae, Seb. III, xxvii, 11, ... Russ. corom. I, xcix." Also appeared as Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:411 [ref. 997]. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:276 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier 1816) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:86 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:50 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:170 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:142 [ref. 29757], Allen & Talbot 1985:71 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:116 [ref. 6843], Allen in Anderson 1986:577 [ref. 5634], Allen & Swainston 1988:80 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:37 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:183 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:186 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:38 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:203 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:287 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:122 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:86 [ref. 26476] dated 1828, Kuiter 1997:182 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:183 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:275 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:735 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:825 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:249 [ref. 25191], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:100 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2892 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:825 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830] dated to 1828, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:203 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:252 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:383 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1202 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:62 [ref. 30213], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:142 [ref. 31128], Motomura et al. 2010:120 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:454 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:259 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:133 [ref. 34464], Psomadakis et al. 2015:247 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:134 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:199 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:92 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:77 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier 1816). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Philippines and Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Exmouth Gulf (Western Australia), New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: brackish, marine.

semicinctus, Lutjanus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:303 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Waigeo [Waigiou], Indonesia; Rawak Island, Bismarck Archipelago. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8351 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:13 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Lutjanus semicinctus Quoy & Gaimard 1824 -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:73 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:117 [ref. 6843], Randall et al. 1990:183 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:124 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:183 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:146 [ref. 23965], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2893 [ref. 26099], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:253 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1202 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:455 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:87 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus semicinctus Quoy & Gaimard 1824. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Eastern Indonesia east to Caroline and Solomon islands, north to Philippines, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

semiluna, Sparus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:44, 141, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Martinique Island, West Indies. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:90 [ref. 20898]. Based on a Plumier drawing. •Synonym of Ocyurus chrysurus (Bloch 1791) -- (Allen 1985:129 [ref. 6843], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:778 [ref. 15959]). Current status: Synonym of Ocyurus chrysurus (Bloch 1791). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

serran, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:177, 205 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Mediterranean Sea. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:39 [ref. 21549]. Based on Perca cabrilla Linnaeus 1758. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

sexfasciatus, Mesoprion Macleay [W.] 1883:255 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 17587] Normanby River, New Guinea. Holotype (unique): AMS I.9459. •Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:19 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:58 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sexlineatus, Genyoroge notata var. Saville-Kent [W.] 1893:370 [The Great Barrier Reef of Australia; its products and potentialities; ref. 13269] Not available, name only; apparently intended for Genyoroge notata var. sublineata De Vis 1885; from Queensland, Australia. •In the synonymy of Lutjanus quinquelineatus (Bloch 1790) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:63 [ref. 6491], Allen et al. 2006:1201 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus quinquelineatus (Bloch 1790). Lutjanidae.

siamensis, Diacope Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:524 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Gulf of Thailand. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:24 [ref. 21549]. Based on a drawing. •Synonym of Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier 1816) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:71 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:116 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier 1816). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sieboldii, Chaetopterus Bleeker [P.] 1855:20 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 26 (art. 4); ref. 357] Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Kyūshū, Japan. No types known. Based on Chaetodipterus Temminck & Schlegel. •Valid as Pristipomoides sieboldii (Bleeker 1855) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:108 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:73 [ref. 19754], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:167 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:153 [ref. 6843], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:505, 686 [ref. 8056], Anderson 1987:12 [ref. 13770], Akazaki & Iwatsuki 1987:329 [ref. 6699], Leis & Lee 1994:113 [ref. 21402], Goren & Dor 1994:38 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:205 [ref. 22896], Randall et al. 1997:516 [ref. 25919], Adam et al. 1998:13 [ref. 23610], Fricke 1999:279 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:831 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:489 [ref. 25191], Shinohara et al. 2001:325 [ref. 25995], Anderson & Allen 2001:2913 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:831 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:337, 612 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495] dated to 1857, Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624] dated to 1857, Shinohara et al. 2005:434 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:384 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1206 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:250 [ref. 30952], Khalaf & Zajonz 2007:427 [ref. 31739] dated 1854, Fricke et al. 2009:63 [ref. 30213], Larson et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:249 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:43 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:136 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:326 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:201 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:92 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:83 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Pristipomoides sieboldii (Bleeker 1855). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic: Vema Seamount; Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Arafura Sea off Northern Territory (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

sigillatus, Sparus Shaw [G.] 1803:474 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Indian Seas. No types known. Based on Commerson name (jaunellipse) and description given in Lacepède 1802:241. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

sillaoo, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:476 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Vizagapatam, India. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:27 [ref. 21549], Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762] for Day's description. Based on a drawing by Russell, 1803, Pl. 100. Day 1875:39, Pl. 12 (fig. 2) also described this species, with sillaoo Russell questionably in synonymy; if regarded as independent then it is preoccupied by Cuvier 1828. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

sinal, Diacope Montrouzier [X.] 1857:423 [145] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 145 of reprint. •Synonym of Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:65 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:112 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

sobra, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:453 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Martinique Island, West Indies. Syntypes: MNHN A-6186 (1, dry), 0919 (1, not found). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:18 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus analis (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen 1985:55 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus analis (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sordidus, Paracaesio Abe [T.] & Shinohara [S.] 1962:163, Pl. 1 (fig. 1); Figs. 1-5 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 9 (no. 1-6); ref. 5763] Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 52043. Paratypes: ZUMT 51992 (1), 52041-42 (1, 1), 52044 (1). •Valid as Paracaesio sordidus Abe & Shinohara 1962 -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:102 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:68 [ref. 19754], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:168 [ref. 6441], Winterbottom et al. 1989:37 [ref. 13251], Randall 1995:204 [ref. 22896], Chen et al. 1997:81 [ref. 26476], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Golani & Fricke 2018:92 [ref. 36273]). •Valid as Paracaesio sordida Abe & Shinohara 1962 -- (Allen 1985:135 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:15 [ref. 13770], Anderson et al. 1992:446 [ref. 20198], Baranes & Golani 1993:311 [ref. 22372], Goren & Dor 1994:38 [ref. 25356], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xi [ref. 21953], Allen 1997:126 [ref. 23977], Leis et al. 1997:699 [ref. 23517], Myers 1999:144 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:15 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:832 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:253 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:14 [ref. 25806], Anderson & Allen 2001:2902 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:832 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:255 [ref. 28239], Randall et al. 2005:123 [ref. 28745], Allen & Erdmann 2012:457 [ref. 31980], White & Last 2012:51 [ref. 32118], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:41 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:200 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:156 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Paracaesio sordida Abe & Shinohara 1962. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: South Africa and Madagascar east to Marquesas and Pitcairn islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

sparus, Diacope Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:14 [Fauna Japonica Part 1; ref. 4370] Japan. Holotype: RMNH D2183 (dry). Type catalog: Boeseman 1947:31 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Pristipomoides multidens (Day 1871) -- (Allen 1985:152 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Pristipomoides multidens (Day 1871). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

spilura, Diacope Bennett [E. T.] 1833:182 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1832 (pt 2); ref. 16789] Sri Lanka. No types known. •Valid as Lutjanus spilurus (Bennett 1833) -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:170 [ref. 6441], Chen et al. 1997:86 [ref. 26476] dated 1832). •Synonym of Lutjanus quinquelineatus (Bloch 1790) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:63 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:111 [ref. 6843], Randall 1995:202 [ref. 22896], Randall 2005:250 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus quinquelineatus (Bloch 1790). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

spilurus, Symphorus Günther [A.] 1874:61, Pl. 67 [Andrew Garrett's Fische der Südsee Bd 1 (Heft 3); ref. 18231] Palau Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1874.11.9.8. Spelled spilurns on p. 61, spilurus on plate, index (p. 126), and table of contents (p. III). •Valid as Symphorichthys spilurus (Günther 1874) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:168 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:158 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:17 [ref. 13770], Randall et al. 1990:185 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:38 [ref. 25356], Leis & Bray 1995:430 [ref. 21283], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:293 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:126 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:186 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:185 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:144 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:827 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:100 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2917 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:827 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:256 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1208 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:459 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:88 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:158 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Symphorichthys spilurus (Günther 1874). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and Solomon Islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

squamimaxillaris, Pristipomoides Kami [H. T.] 1973:557, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1973 (no. 3); ref. 5616] Off Maunga Tere Vaka, western coast of Easter Island, 27°08'S, 109°25'W, southeastern Pacific, depth 250 meters. Holotype: BPBM 6646. Paratypes: BPBM 12569 (2), NMC 68-1852 (1). •Valid as Parapristipomoides squamimaxillaris (Kami 1973) -- (Allen 1985:138 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:13 [ref. 13770], Pequeño 1989:61 [ref. 14125], Randall et al. 1997:514 [ref. 25919], Leis et al. 1997:699 [ref. 23517], Anderson & Allen 2001:2905 [ref. 26099]). Current status: Valid as Parapristipomoides squamimaxillaris (Kami 1973). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

stearnsii, Lutjanus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1878:179 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 1 (no. 24); ref. 18130] Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 21337. •Synonym of Lutjanus griseus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen 1985:88 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus griseus (Linnaeus 1758). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

stellatus, Lutjanus Akazaki [M.] 1983:367, Figs. 2, 3B [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 29 (no. 4); ref. 8385] Udo, Nichinan City, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: MIKU 7407 [not seen at FAKU]. Paratypes: BSKU 38360 (1, not at BSKU in 1997); FAKU S4085 (1); HUMZ 97092 (1); MIKU [not seen at FAKU] 2533 (1), 7406 (1), 7408 (1); NSMT-P 21489 (1); ZUMT 54350 (1). •Valid as Lutjanus stellatus Akazaki 1983 -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:169 [ref. 6441], Shen & Lin 1984:12 [ref. 13822], Allen & Talbot 1985:74 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:118 [ref. 6843], Iwatsuki et al. 1989:476 [ref. 12750], Nakabo 2000:824 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:123 [ref. 25480], Sakai et al. 2001:98 [ref. 25693], Anderson & Allen 2001:2894 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:824 [ref. 26001], Motomura et al. 2010:120 [ref. 31256], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2018:154 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus stellatus Akazaki 1983. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: northern Vietnam and China to orea, Japan and Ogasawara Islands. Habitat: marine.

stonei, Paracaesio Raj [U.] & Seeto [J.] 1983:450, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1983 (no. 2); ref. 6817] East coast of Beqa Island, Fiji Islands, 18°19'48"S, 178°10'E, depth 220 meters. Holotype: USP 4387. Paratypes: USP 4388 (1). •Valid as Paracaesio stonei Raj & Seeto 1983 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:168 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:136 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:15 [ref. 13770], Anderson et al. 1992:446 [ref. 20198], Kramer et al. 1994:75 [ref. 21258], Leis et al. 1997:699 [ref. 23517], Nakabo 2000:832 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2903 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:832 [ref. 26001], Allen et al. 2006:1204 [ref. 29090], White & Last 2012:51 [ref. 32118], Motomura et al. 2017:135 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Paracaesio stonei Raj & Seeto 1983. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan to Ryukyu Islands; Queensland (Australia) and Papua New Guinea east to Fiji. Habitat: marine.

striata, Diacope Cuvier [G.] (ex Quoy & Gaimard) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:430 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Waigeo and Buru Island, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8214 (1) Buru; MNHN (1, not found) Waigeo. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:11, 32 [ref. 21549]. Unneeded new name for Diacope lineata Quoy & Gaimard 1824. If regarded as a replacement name then holotype is the missing MNHN specimen. •Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:43 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:84 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Bodianus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:335, Pl. 65 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] West Indies. Holotype (unique): ZMB 353. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:97 [ref. 24282]. Plate regarded as mislabeled Bodianus fasciatus. •Synonym of Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Allen 1985:56 [ref. 6843], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:774 [ref. 15959]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum 1792). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sublineata, Genyoroge notata var. De Vis [C. W.] 1884:391 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Cardwell, Queensland, Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Lutjanus quinquelineatus (Bloch 1790) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:63 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:111 [ref. 6843], Allen et al. 2006:1201 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus quinquelineatus (Bloch 1790). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

superbus, Diacopus Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:228 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 761] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Original genus should have beeen Diacope. •Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:19 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:58 [ref. 6843], Allen et al. 2006:1197 [ref. 29090], Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

synagris, Sparus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:280 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] "America septentrionali" [Bahamas]. No types known. Spelled synager in Lacepède 1802:30 [ref. 4929], but spelled correctly on p. 104. Misspelled sinagris (and misidentified) by Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817:5 [ref. 17319], see Graells 1887:179 [ref. 30438]. •Valid as Lutjanus synagris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Heemstra 1974:24 [ref. 7125], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:348 [ref. 14275], Allen 1985:119 [ref. 6843], Robins & Ray 1986:172 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:137 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:354 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:144 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:302 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:253 [ref. 25013], Keith et al. 2000:116 [ref. 24547], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639], Anderson 2003:1498 [ref. 27091], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:83 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:332 [ref. 28815], Moura & Lindeman 2007:38 [ref. 29018], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:52 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961], Nión et al. 2016:48 [ref. 35565], Marceniuk et al. 2017:40 [ref. 35324], Costa et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35684], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Spier et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus synagris (Linnaeus 1758). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

taeniolatus, Symphorus Günther [A.] 1872:439 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 9 (no. 54) (art. 46); ref. 2002] Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1872.3.12.41. •Synonym of Symphorus nematophorus (Bleeker 1860) -- (Allen 1985:160 [ref. 6843], Allen et al. 2006:1208 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Symphorus nematophorus (Bleeker 1860). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

taeniops, Mesoprion Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:543 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8382. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:18 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:19 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:58 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:341 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tahitiensis, Lutianus Seale [A.] 1906:40, Fig. 13 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 3999] Tahiti, Society Islands. Syntypes: BPBM 1384 (1), 1390 (1), 1460 (1). •Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:43 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:84 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

taivaiva, Lutianus Curtiss [A.] 1944:27 [Further notes on the zoology of Tahiti.; ref. 12574] Ahui, Tautira township, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

tapio, Lutianus Curtiss [A.] 1938:96 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Lagoon near Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

tearlachi, Lutianus Curtiss [A.] 1938:97 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Near Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Fowler 1949:91 [ref. 1462]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

telfairii, Serranus Bennett [E. T.] 1831:127 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 16794] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. •Synonym of Pristipomoides zonatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1985:155 [ref. 6843]). •Synonym of Pristipomoides argyrogrammicus (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Fricke 1999:277 [ref. 24106] as telfairi). Current status: Synonym of Pristipomoides argyrogrammicus (Valenciennes 1832). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

terubuan, Mesoprion Montrouzier [X.] 1857:424 [146] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 146 of reprint. •Synonym of Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:37 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:80 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tetracanthus, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:116, Pl. 279 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] Martinique Island, West Indies. No types known. Based on a Plumier drawing. On p. 93 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Lutjanus griseus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen 1985:88 [ref. 6843], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:777 [ref. 15959]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus griseus (Linnaeus 1758). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

therapon, Mesoprion Day [F.] 1870:514 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 7) (for 11 Nov. 1869); ref. 18819] Sri Lanka; Andaman Islands. Syntypes: BMNH 1870.5.18.48 (1) Port Blair, ZSI 1713 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762]. •Synonym of Lutjanus decussatus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:30 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:73 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus decussatus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

theresae, Lutianus Curtiss [A.] 1938:97 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Outside Vaiurua Pass, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

thompsoni, Aphareus Fowler [H. W.] 1923:382 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 8 (no. 7); ref. 1398] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): BPBM 3397. •Synonym of Aphareus rutilans Cuvier 1830 -- (Allen 1985:19 [ref. 6843], Mundy 2005:380 [ref. 28379], andall 2007:247 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Aphareus rutilans Cuvier 1830. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

tiaihoi, Lutianus Curtiss [A.] 1938:98 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Lagoon near Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

tiea, Diacope Lesson [R. P.] 1831:231, Poissons Pl. 23 [Voyage autour du monde Zool. v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 2776] Bora Bora Island, Society Islands. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:24, 32 [ref. 21549]. Unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Diacope borensis Cuvier 1828. •Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:43 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:84 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

timoriensis, Diacope Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:306, Pl. 57 (fig. 1) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Coupang coast, Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8208. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:11 [ref. 21549]. The correct original spelling is timoriensis. •Valid as Lutjanus timorensis [sic, should be timoriensis] (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:75 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:121 [ref. 6843], Iwatsuki & Kimura 1994:475 [ref. 22340], Allen 1997:124 [ref. 23977], Nakabo 2000:823 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2895 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:823 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Allen et al. 2006:1203 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:455 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:87 [ref. 33932] as timorensis, Fricke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus timoriensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka east to Samoa, north to Philippines, south to Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

torridus, Lutjanus Cope [E. D.] 1871:469, Fig. 5 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 14 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 920] St. Kitts Island, West Indies. Holotype: ANSP 13225. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:126 [ref. 13621]. As Ocyurus torridus in caption to Fig. 5. •Synonym of Lutjanus vivanus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Rivas 1966:130 [ref. 23910], Allen 1985:124 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus vivanus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

tranquebaricus, Sparus Shaw [G.] 1803:471 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. No types known. Unneeded new name for Anthias johnii Bloch 1792. •Synonym of Lutjanus johnii (Bloch 1792) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:46 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:94 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus johnii (Bloch 1792). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tumidus, Vegetichthys Tanaka [S.] 1917:7 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 29 (no. 339); ref. 4329] Nagasaki fish market, Japan. Syntypes: ZUMT 7267 (1, lost). •Synonym of Paracaesio xanthura (Bleeker 1869) -- (Allen 1985:137 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:15 [ref. 13770], Anderson et al. 1992:457 [ref. 20198], Anderson & Allen 2001:2904 [ref. 26099]). Current status: Synonym of Paracaesio xanthura (Bleeker 1869). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

typus, Macolor Bleeker [P.] 1860:25 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 8 (art. 7); ref. 379] Holotype (unique): RMNH 27708. Based on Mesoprion macolor of Bleeker = Diacope macolor Lesson (ex Cuvier) 1827. •Synonym of Macolor niger (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen 1985:127 [ref. 6843], Kishimoto et al. 1987:152 [ref. 6061], Anderson & Allen 2001:2898 [ref. 26099], Allen et al. 2006:1203 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Macolor niger (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

typus, Pinjalo Bleeker [P.] 1845:521 [Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neȇrlandsch Indië v. 2 (3); ref. 312] Not available, name only; from Jakarta, Java; described as Caesio pinjalo Bleeker 1850. •In the synonymy of Pinjalo pinjalo (Bleeker 1850) -- (Sadovy & Cornish 2000:125 [ref. 25480]). Current status: Synonym of Pinjalo pinjalo (Bleeker 1850). Lutjanidae.

typus, Pristipomoides Bleeker [P.] 1852:575 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 334] Sibogha, Sumatra [Sibolga, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean]. Syntypes: RMNH 5449 (2). •Synonym of Pristipomoides argyrogrammicus (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Dor 1984:143 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Pristipomoides typus Bleeker 1852 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:71 [ref. 19754], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:166 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:154 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1987:12 [ref. 13770], Akazaki & Iwatsuki 1987:329 [ref. 6699], Allen & Swainston 1988:78 [ref. 25477], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:293 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:120 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:79 [ref. 26476], Fricke 1999:279 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:830 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:490 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2914 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:830 [ref. 26001], Allen et al. 2006:1206 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:63 [ref. 30213], Larson et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32988], Motomura et al. 2017:137 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:201 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:158 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pristipomoides typus Bleeker 1852. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West acific: East Africa and western Mascarenes east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), south to North-West Cape (Western Australia) and New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: marine.

ulaula, Bowersia Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:183 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Hilo, Hawaii Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50661. •Synonym of Pristipomoides sieboldii (Bleeker 1855) -- (Allen 1985:153 [ref. 6843], Mundy 2005:384 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Pristipomoides sieboldii (Bleeker 1855). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

undecimalis, Lutjanus Poey [F.] 1955:203 [Ictiologia Cubana. Posthumous transcription of original unpublished manuscript (1884) by M. Sánchez Roig and F. Gómez de la Maza v. 1; ref. 22481] Posthumous publication. Figured specimen listed as type. Also appeared in Poey 1962:79 [ref. 26395], Pl. 65 (figs. C-D) and 2000:114 [ref. 26366], Pl. 67 (fig. 2). •Based on a hybrid -- (Poey 2000:904 [ref. 26366]). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

unicolor, Genyoroge Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:266, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Percy Islands [Northumberland Islands], Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16330-001 [ex MAMU F528] (2). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:207 [ref. 19518]. Junior secondary homonym of Neomesoprion unicolor Castelnau 1875; replaced by Lutjanus castelnaui Whitley 1928. •Synonym of Lutjanus adetii (Castelnau 1873) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:17 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:52 [ref. 6843], Allen et al. 2006:1197 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus adetii (Castelnau 1873). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

unicolor, Neomesoprion Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:8 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): not found at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:27 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus adetii (Castelnau 1873) -- (Allen et al. 2006:1197 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus adetii (Castelnau 1873). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

unimaculatus, Lutjanus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:304 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Waigeo [Waigiou], Indonesia and Rewak Islands. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8196 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:13 [ref. 21549]. Listed as holotype by Bauchot et al. 1981:13. •Synonym of Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:37 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:80 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål 1775). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

uninotatus, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:449, Pl. 39 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Santo Domingo; Martinique Island, West Indies; Brazil. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4921 (1), 0000-8298 (3), 0000-8299 (3), 0000-8300 (1), 0000-8303 (1), A-7738 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:18-19 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus synagris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen 1985:119 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus synagris (Linnaeus 1758). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

vaigiensis, Diacope Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:307 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Waigeo [Waigiou], Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7986 (1), B-3113 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:9, 11 [ref. 21549] as holotype and paratype. •Valid as Lutjanus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Chen et al. 1997:86 [ref. 26476]). •Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:39 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:82 [ref. 6843], Randall et al. 1990:180 [ref. 15987], Randall 2005:246 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:381 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:252 [ref. 30952], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vanderbilti, Pristipomoides Borodin [N. A.] 1934:113, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Bulletin Vanderbilt Marine Museum v. 1 (art. 4); ref. 529] Sombrero Light, Florida Keys, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): VMM 1266 (now at AMNH). Not treated by Allen 1985 [ref. 6843]. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

varius, Turdus Plumier [C.] in Lacepède 1802:21 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Appeared as "Turdus varius, rictu obtuso, caudâ fuscinulatâ"; regarded as non-binominal and name only, thus not available. Lutjanidae.

venenatus, Paradicichthys Whitley [G. P.] 1930:13, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 10 (pt 1); ref. 4671] Townsville, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.1554. Paratypes: AMS IA.2073-74 (1, 1). •Synonym of Symphorus nematophorus (Bleeker 1860) -- (Anderson 1987:18 [ref. 13770], Anderson & Allen 2001:2918 [ref. 26099], Allen et al. 2006:1208 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Symphorus nematophorus (Bleeker 1860). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

vermicularis, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:275 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Martinique Island, West Indes. No types known. •Synonym of Lutjanus synagris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen 1985:119 [ref. 6843]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus synagris (Linnaeus 1758). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

violescens, Bowersia Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:183 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50660. Paratypes: CAS [IU 9813] (1, missing), CAS-SU 12939 [ex CAS-SU 7473] (1), USFC 2721 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:76 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1985:147 [ref. 6843], Mundy 2005:384 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Pristipomoides filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

virescens, Aprion Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:544, Pl. 168 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Seychelles, western Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6785 (2), 0000-6786 (1), 0000-6962 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:5 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Aprion virescens Valenciennes 1830 -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:104 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:80 [ref. 19754], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:167 [ref. 6441], Allen 1985:20 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1986:573 [ref. 5634], Anderson 1987:12 [ref. 13770], Allen & Swainston 1988:78 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:35 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:177 [ref. 15987], Francis & Randall 1993:120 [ref. 20996], Francis 1993:161 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:36 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:270 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:120 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:81 [ref. 26476], Randall et al. 1997:177 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:144 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:264 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:828 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:252 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:14 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:102 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:100 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2856 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:828 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495], Peristiwady et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:86 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:197 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:243 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:380 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1194 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:248 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:60 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:117 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:444 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:259 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:129 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:84 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:239 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:128 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:325 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:193 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:89 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:79 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:151 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Aprion virescens Valenciennes 1830. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar, Mascarenes and Persian Gulf east to Hawaiian Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island, and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

viridis, Diacope Valenciennes [A.] 1846:no p., Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Voyage autour du monde sur la frégate "la Vénus"; ref. 6165] Galápagos Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8345 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:11 [ref. 21549]. Dates to publication in plate; corresponding text published as Valenciennes 1855:303 [ref. 4504]. •Valid as Lutjanus viridis (Valenciennes 1846) -- (Allen 1985:122 [ref. 6843], Allen & Robertson 1994:140 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:112 [ref. 23101], Allen in Fischer et al. 1995:1244 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:219 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:390 [ref. 24023], Thomson et al. 2000:119 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], Béarez & Séret 2009:148 [ref. 36646], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:446 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus viridis (Valenciennes 1846). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

vitianus, Diacope Hombron [J. B.] & Jacquinot [H.] in Jacquinot & Guichenot 1853:37, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Voyage au Pôle Sud et dans l'Oceanie v. 3 (pt 2); ref. 18307] Viti, Fiji Islands. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:24 [ref. 21549]. Based on a drawing. •Synonym of Lutjanus boutton (Lacepède 1802) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:27 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:66 [ref. 6843]). •Synonym of Lutjanus rufolineatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1995:11 [ref. 21857]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus rufolineatus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

vitta, Serranus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:315, Pl. 58 (fig. 3) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Waigeo [Waigiou], Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8346. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:20 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Lutjanus vitta (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:48 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:169 [ref. 6441], Allen & Talbot 1985:76 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:123 [ref. 6843], Allen & Swainston 1988:80 [ref. 25477], Iwatsuki et al. 1989:476 [ref. 12750], Randall et al. 1990:184 [ref. 15987], Iwatsuki et al. 1993:53 [ref. 22462], Lee & Cheng 1996:340 [ref. 22435], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:288 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:122 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:87 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:184 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:184 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:146 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:735 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:822 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:249 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:124 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:100 [ref. 26368], Sakai et al. 2001:98 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2896 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:822 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:253 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1203 [ref. 29090], Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:142 [ref. 31128], Allen & Erdmann 2012:456 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:133 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:87 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2014:1 [ref. 35337], Iwatsuki et al. 2015:34 [ref. 34089], Psomadakis et al. 2015:247 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:134 [ref. 35490], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2018:154 [ref. 36460], Fricke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:105 [ref. 36871] as cf. vitta). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus vitta (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles; India east to Marshall Islands and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

vittata, Perca Parkinson [S.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:421 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Name mentioned in synonymy, not available. Also preoccupied by Perca vittata Linnaeus 1758. Lutjanidae.

vivanetus, Bodianus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:280, 293, Pl. 4 (fig. 3) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Martinique Island, West Indies. Holotype (unique): No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:13 [ref. 19171], Bauchot et al. 1981:22 [ref. 21549]. Spelled vivanetus on p. 280, vivanet on p. 293. •Synonym of Lutjanus griseus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen 1985:88 [ref. 6843], Lloris & Rucabado 1990:777 [ref. 15959]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus griseus (Linnaeus 1758). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vivanus, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:454 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Martinique Island, West Indes. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8308 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:19 [ref. 21549]. A neotype, USNM 164632 from Mayaguez, Puerto Rico, was selected by Rivas 1966:131 [ref. 23910] but syntypes are apparently available. •Valid as Lutjanus vivanus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Rivas 1966:130 [ref. 23910], Allen 1985:124 [ref. 6843], Robins & Ray 1986:168 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:138 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:354 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:146 [ref. 24474], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:254 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1645 [ref. 25634], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639], Collette et al. 2003:110 [ref. 26784], Anderson 2003:1499 [ref. 27091], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:83 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:333 [ref. 28815], Moura & Lindeman 2007:38 [ref. 29018], Page et al. 2013:147 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:52 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:19 [ref. 34324]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus vivanus (Cuvier 1828). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

vorax, Mesoprion Poey [F.] 1860:151 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Described syntype: MCZ 26479 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:197-198 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Pristipomoides macrophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1848) -- (Anderson 1966:823 [ref. 7939]). Current status: Synonym of Pristipomoides macrophthalmus (Müller & Troschel 1848). Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

waltervadi, Paracaesio Anderson [W. D., Jr.] & Collette [B. B.] in Anderson, Kailola & Collette 1992:451, Figs. 1F, 4 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 105 (no. 3); ref. 20198] Walters Shoals, Madagascar Ridge, western Indian Ocean, 33°11'54" to 33°12'30"S, 43°51'42" to 43°53'48"E, depth 18 meters. Holotype: USNM 307769. Paratypes: IOM uncat. (1). •Valid as Paracaesio waltervadi Anderson & Collette 1992 -- (Leis et al. 1997:699 [ref. 23517], White & Last 2012:51 [ref. 32118]). Current status: Valid as Paracaesio waltervadi Anderson & Collette 1992. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

xanthopinnis, Lutjanus Iwatsuki [Y.], Tanaka [F.] & Allen [G. R.] 2015:24, Figs. 1-5 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 17; ref. 34089] Kishira, Kimotsuki, Uchinoura Bay, Kagoshima, Japan, ca. 31°11'01.28"N, 130°59'28.54"E. Holotype: MUFS 33019. Paratypes: CSIRO H7360-03 (1), H7841-01 (1), H7842-01 (1); MUFS 46172 (1), 46204-5 (2), 46216 (1), 46558 (1), , 46565 (1); MZB 22955 (1). •Valid as Lutjanus xanthopinnis Iwatsuki, Tanaka & Allen 2015 -- (Praveenraj et al. 2018:393 [ref. 36405]). Current status: Valid as Lutjanus xanthopinnis Iwatsuki, Tanaka & Allen 2015. Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka, Andaman Islands and western Indonesia east to Philippines, north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

xanthopterygius, Mesoprion Bleeker [P.] 1849:46 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [13]; ref. 318] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 256 (3), 5528 (several, perhaps syntypes), 5539 (1 of 15); SMNS 10613 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:17 [ref. 13474] but RMNH 5539 from Allen & Randall 1985, Fricke 2005:48 [ref. 29864]. •Synonym of Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790 -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:53 [ref. 6491]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch 1790. Lutjanidae. Habitat: marine.

xanthopus, Diacope Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:495 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Trincomalee, Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0127. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:12 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:39 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:82 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:342 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus fulvus (Forster 1801). Lutjanidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

xanthozona, Diacope Kuhl [H.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:441 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Not available, name mentioned in passing in account of Mesoprion unimaculatus Valenciennes 1828. Also mentioned by Bleeker 1845:526 [ref. 312]. •In the synonymy of Lutjanus johnii (Bloch 1792) -- (Allen 1985:94 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus johnii (Bloch 1792). Lutjanidae.

xanthurus, Caesio Bleeker [P.] 1869:78 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 3; ref. 17064] Nosy-Bé [Nossibé], Madagascar. Syntypes: RMNH 3948 (1), 5716 (1). •Valid as Caesio xanthurus Bleeker 1869 -- (Dor 1984:137 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:39 [ref. 25356]). •Valid as Paracaesio xanthurus (Bleeker 1869) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:100 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:67 [ref. 19754], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:168 [ref. 6441], Winterbottom et al. 1989:37 [ref. 13251], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:290 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:126 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:81 [ref. 26476], Randall et al. 1997:514 [ref. 25919], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:253 [ref. 25191], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:493 [ref. 25191], Shinohara et al. 2001:325 [ref. 25995], Youn 2002:337, 612 [ref. 26218] dating to 1853, Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830] dating to 1854, Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495]). •Valid as Paracaesio xanthura (Bleeker 1869) -- (Allen 1985:137 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1986:578 [ref. 5634], Anderson 1987:15 [ref. 13770], Paulin et al. 1989:190 [ref. 24556], Anderson et al. 1992:446, 454 [ref. 20198], Kuiter 1993:186 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:161 [ref. 25479], Leis et al. 1997:699 [ref. 23517], Fricke 1999:276 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:735 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:832 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2904 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:832 [ref. 26001], Randall et al. 2002:158 [ref. 26192], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:204 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:255 [ref. 28239], Randall et al. 2005:123 [ref. 28745], Allen et al. 2006:1204 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:62 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:120 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:458 [ref. 31980], White & Last 2012:51 [ref. 32118], Larson et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32988], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:114 [ref. 36167], Psomadakis et al. 2015:248 [ref. 34104], Roberts 2015:1283 [ref. 34193], Motomura et al. 2017:135 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:200 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Paracaesio xanthura (Bleeker 1869). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, Kermadec and Austral islands. Habitat: marine.

yapilli, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:483 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Vizagapatam [Vizagapatham], India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8200. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:19 [ref. 21549]. •Synonym of Lutjanus johnii (Bloch 1792) -- (Allen & Talbot 1985:46 [ref. 6491], Allen 1985:94 [ref. 6843], Kottelat 2013:343 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Lutjanus johnii (Bloch 1792). Lutjanidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

zonatus, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:509 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7034. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:21 [ref. 21549]. •Valid as Tropidinius zonatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:167 [ref. 6441], Winterbottom et al. 1989:38 [ref. 13251]). •Valid as Pristipomoides zonatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen 1985:155 [ref. 6843], Anderson 1986:579 [ref. 5634], Anderson 1987:12 [ref. 13770], Akazaki & Iwatsuki 1987:329 [ref. 6699], Kramer et al. 1994:74 [ref. 21258], Allen 1997:126 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:516 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:279 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:830 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:490 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:14 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Anderson & Allen 2001:2915 [ref. 26099], Nakabo 2002:830 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:16 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:206 [ref. 28072], Mundy 2005:384 [ref. 28379], Randall et al. 2005:123 [ref. 28745], Allen et al. 2006:1206 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:251 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:63 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:250 [ref. 34104], Fricke et al. 2018:201 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:158 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pristipomoides zonatus (Valenciennes 1830). Lutjanidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian and Marquesas islands, north to southern Japan, south to off northern Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island, and Tonga. Habitat: marine.