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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Macrouridae: [ 501 ] records


abbreviatus, Coelorhynchus Chu [Y.-T.] & Lo [Y.-L.] in Chu, Chan & Chen 1963:174, Fig. 140 [Ichthyofauna of the East China Sea; ref. 18002] North of East China Sea, China. Holotype: SFI. Paratypes: SFI (3). Second author is Y.-L. Lo. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Synonym of Coelorinchus formosanus Okamura 1963 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:158 [ref. 18936], Kim et al. 2009:112 [ref. 30413], Iwamoto et al. 2015:54 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus formosanus Okamura 1963. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

abditilux, Coelorinchus Merrett [N. R.] 1980:554, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 17 (no. 5); ref. 8689] Porcupine Sea Bight, eastern North Atlantic, 51°16.3'N, 11°42.5'W. Holotype: BMNH 1980.1.11.2. Paratypes: BMNH 1980.1.11.3-4 (2) and 5 (1). •Valid as Caelorinchus abditilux Merrett 1980 -- (Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:655 [ref. 13676] as Coelorhychus, Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:137 [ref. 18936]). •Synonym of Caelorinchus caudani (Köhler 1896) -- (Bailly 1997:1193 [ref. 23464]). •Synonym of Coelorinchus caudani (Köhler 1896). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus caudani (Köhler 1896). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

abei, Lionurus Matsubara [K.] 1943:146, Figs. 7-8 [Journal Shigenkagaku Kenkyusyo v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 12783] Kumano-Nada, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 4909 (apparently lost). •Synonym of Nezumia proxima (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:281 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto et al. 2015:93 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Synonym of Nezumia proxima (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

abyssorum, Nematonurus Gilbert [C. H.] 1915:374, Pl. 21 (fig. 23) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 48 (no. 2075); ref. 1632] Off Santa Catalina Island, southern California, 33°02'15"N, 120°42'W, Albatross station 4390, depth 1350-2182 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 75827. •Synonym of Nematonurus armatus (Hector 1875) -- (Geistdoerfer 1990:557 [ref. 16195]). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides armatus (Hector 1875) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:28 [ref. 7509], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:205 [ref. 18936], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides armatus (Hector 1875). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

acanthiger, Coelorhynchus Barnard [K. H.] 1925:502 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 15 (no. 86) (art. 56); ref. 12730] Off Cape Point, South Africa, Pieter Faure station 17382, depth 460 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1927.12.6.18 [ex SAM] (1), SAM 12632 (1). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus acanthiger Barnard 1925 -- (McMillan & Paulin 1993:837 [ref. 21005], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:142 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:350 [ref. 22532], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:499 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto et al. 1999:52 [ref. 23763], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:123 [ref. 23875], Fricke 1999:99 [ref. 24106], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:440 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:584 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus acanthiger Barnard 1925 -- (Iwamoto 1986:333 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:139 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:324 [ref. 30636], Fricke et al. 2009:26 [ref. 30213], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:767 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus acanthiger Barnard 1925. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southern Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, Réunion (Mascarenes) east to southern Australia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

acantholepis, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:488, Figs. 17-18 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Vicinity of Sibuko Bay, Borneo, Albatross station 5587, depth 415 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 78222. Paratypes: USNM 78236 (3). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus acantholepis Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto 1999:1990 [ref. 24761]). •Valid as Coelorinchus acantholepis Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:137 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & McCosker 2014:280 [ref. 33298]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus acantholepis Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

acipenserinus, Coelocephalus Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] 1897:422, Pl. 42 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1114); ref. 1635] Off Hawaiian Islands, about 21°N, 157°W, depth 298-375 fathoms. Syntypes: (21) CAS-SU 3142 (7); USNM 47721 (4), 47728 (7). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:56 [ref. 12291]. Lot USNM 47721 listed as type. •Valid as Mataeocephalus acipenserinus (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:246 [ref. 18936], Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:533 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:188 [ref. 23875], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:769 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:484 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Sazonov et al. 2003:283 [ref. 27176], Mundy 2005:253 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:600 [ref. 29065], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Mataeocephalus acipenserinus (Gilbert & Cramer 1897). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: eastern Indian Ocean to Hawaiian Islands and Sala-y-Gomez Ridge (southeastern Pacific), south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

aconcagua, Coelorhynchus Iwamoto [T.] 1978:319, Figs. 3D, 7E, 8, 10 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 41 (no. 12); ref. 8922] Chile, 33°22'S, 71°53'W, depth 240-260 meters. Holotype: CAS 36799. Paratypes: BMNH 1977.2.4.1-2 (2); CAS 36798 (13), 36800-01 (17, 19); IMARPE (uncat.) [ex SIO 65-675] (2); LACM 10455-3 (6); MNHNC P.5393 (1), P.5397 (1), P.5408 (1), P.5419 (1), P.5463 (1); SIO 65-675 (40); USNM 216705 (5). Type catalog: Meléndez C. et al. 1993:77, 83, 85 [ref. 24124]. •Valid as Caelorinchus aconcagua Iwamoto 1978 -- (Bailly 1997:1195 [ref. 23464]). •Valid as Coelorinchus aconcagua Iwamoto 1978 -- (Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:140 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus aconcagua Iwamoto 1978. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

acrolepis, Macrurus Bean [T. H.] 1884:362 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 6 (no. 388); ref. 14380] Port Townsend, Washington, U.S.A. (from stomach of a seal). Holotype (unique): USNM 32496. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Genus misspelled Macururus in main heading. •Valid as Coryphaenoides acrolepis (Bean 1884) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:12 [ref. 7509], Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:111, 195, 249, 324 [ref. 8379], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:96 [ref. 6441], Peden et al. 1985:10 [ref. 24081], Matarese et al. 1989:202 [ref. 26885], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:202 [ref. 18936], McAllister 1990:122 [ref. 14674], Shinohara et al. 1996:169 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:427 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:277 [ref. 25968], Wilson 2001:33 [ref. 25944], Nakabo 2002:427 [ref. 26001], Fedorov et al. 2003:50 [ref. 27579], Parin et al. 2014:165 [ref. 33547], Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015:377 [ref. 33958], Burton & Lea 2019:48 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides acrolepis (Bean 1884). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

acrolophus, Lucigadus Iwamoto [T.] & Merrett [N. R.] 1997:526, Fig. 24a [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 176; ref. 23710] Grand Passage, Grande Terre Group, Province Nord, New Caledonia, 18°56.80'S, 163°17.70'E, depth 450 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1994-0957. Paratypes: BMNH 1996.7.19.24-25 (2); CAS 82184 (2), 86480 (7); MNHN 1994-0948 to 0953 (6), 1994-0954 to -0956 (1, 1, 1); ORSTOM-Nouméa uncat. (1). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:228-229 [ref. 24244]. •Valid as Lucigadus acrolophus Iwamoto & Merrett 1997 -- (Iwamoto & Williams 1999:185 [ref. 23875], Bailly et al. 1999:228 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:765 [ref. 25037], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242], Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015:372 [ref. 33958]). Current status: Valid as Lucigadus acrolophus Iwamoto & Merrett 1997. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia (Grande Terre Group: Grand Passage to northern Norfolk Ridge). Habitat: marine.

acus, Coelorhynchus Weber [M.] 1913:160, 671, Pl. 1 (figs. 4-4a) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Kei Island, Indonesia, 5°40'S, 132°26'E, Siboga station 254, depth 310 m; Kei Island, 5°26.6'S, 132°32.5'E, station 256, depth 397 meters. Syntypes: ZMA 112682-84 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:66 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Coelorinchus argentatus Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:142 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus argentatus Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

acutirostris, Coelorhynchus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:134, Pl. 30 (fig. 2), Fig. 10 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Between Cebu and Bohol, 10°08'50"N, 123°52'30"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5418, depth 159 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 72947. First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Caelorinchus acutirostris Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:485 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:125 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto & Anderson 1999:1081 [ref. 24193], Iwamoto 1999:1990 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:742 [ref. 25037], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Chiou et al. 2004:303 [ref. 27687], Bray et al. 2006:584 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus acutirostris Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:137 [ref. 18936], Fricke et al. 2011:363 [ref. 31242]. Larson et al. 2013:51 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus acutirostris Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean off Australia. Habitat: marine.

adelscotti, Hymenocephalus (Spicomacrurus) Iwamoto [T.] & Merrett [N. R.] 1997:514, Fig. 19 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 176; ref. 23710] Wallis and Futuna Islands, South Pacific, 11°54.0'S, 179°31.6'W, depth 600 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1994-0882. Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:227 [ref. 24244]. •Valid as Hymenocephalus adelscotti Iwamoto & Merrett 1997 -- (Iwamoto & Williams 1999:176 [ref. 23875], Bailly et al. 1999:226 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:757 [ref. 25037], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:595 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Spicomacrurus adelscotti (Iwamoto & Merrrett 1997) -- (Iwamoto et al. 2011:514 [ref. 31434], Schwarzhans 2014:20 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Valid as Spicomacrurus adelscotti (Iwamoto & Merrett 1997). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean off Australia. Habitat: marine.

adustus, Mataeocephalus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:126, Pl. 28 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Gulf of Boni, 3°42'00"S, 120°45'50"E, off Sulawesi, Indonesia, Albatross station 5654, depth 805 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 72943. Paratypes: USNM 149273-75 (2, 1, 1). First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Mataeocephalus adustus Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:245 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:769 [ref. 25037], Sazonov et al. 2003:288 [ref. 27176]). Current status: Valid as Mataeocephalus adustus Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

aeger, Hymenocephalus striatissimus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:531, Fig. 32 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Between Gillolo and Makyan Islands, Philippines, 0°15'00"N, 127°24'35"E, Albatross station 5621, depth 298 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 78228. Paratypes: (72 typical specimens) CAS-SU 25463 (8); others at USNM. Specimens varying toward H. s. trovus not regarded as types. •Synonym of Hymenocephalus striatissimus Jordan & Gilbert 1904, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Yatou in Okamura et al. 1982:143, 346 [ref. 8256], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:178 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847]). •Valid as Hymenocephalus aeger Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Bray et al. 2006:595 [ref. 29065], Schwarzhans 2014:55 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus aeger Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: West Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean off Australia. Habitat: marine.

aequalis, Coryphaenoides Günther [A.] 1878:25 [9] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Deep Sea, south of Portugal, Challenger station 4, depth 600 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1887.12.7.85 (1), 1887.12.7.86 (1). On p. 9 of separate. See also Günther 1887:134, Pl. 32 (fig. C) [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Nezumia aequalis (Günther 1878) -- (Marshall 1973:291 [ref. 7194], Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:217 [ref. 14275], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:669 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:557 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:264 [ref. 18936], Santos et al. 1997:57 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:68 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:789 [ref. 23897], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26753], Iwamoto & Ungaro 2002:30 [ref. 26049], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:61 [ref. 27192], Moore et al. 2003:210 [ref. 27076], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2005:177 [ref. 28938], Fricke et al. 2007:63 [ref. 29533], Møller et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31169], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:96 [ref. 37485], Bañón et al. 2016:314 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto 2016:1987 [ref. 34585], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:136 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:47 [ref. 37515]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia aequalis (Günther 1878). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; eastern Atlantic: Iceland south to Angola, including Madeira and Azores; western Atlantic: Greenland south to northern Brazil. Habitat: marine.

aequatoris, Macrourus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:120, Pl. 26 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Gulf of Tomini, 0°08'00"S, 121°19'00"E, Sulawesi, Indonesia, Albatross station 5608, depth 1089 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 72937 (18.8 cm). Paratypes: USNM 78237 (1). First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Coryphaenoides aequatoris (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761]). •Questionably a synonym of Coryphaenoides asprellus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:287 [ref. 22071]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides aequatoris (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Gulf of Tomini, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

affinis, Coryphaenoides Günther [A.] 1878:27 [11] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Deep sea, east of Río de la Plata mouth, Challenger station 323, depth 1900 fathoms. Syntypes: (2) BMNH. On p. 11 of separate. See also Günther 1887:151, Pl. 40 (fig. B) [ref. 2013]. •Synonym of Nematonurus armatus (Hector 1875) -- (Geistdoerfer 1990:556 [ref. 16195]). •Valid as Coryphaenoides affinis Günther 1878 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:61 [ref. 27192]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides affinis Günther 1878. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

affinis, Macrurus Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:51 [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] South of Azores, northeastern Atlantic, depth 1442 meters. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Not available, name only. Specimen refered to on p. 51 may be found in list of material examined of Macrurus japonicus (p. 257). Valid genus should be Caelorinchus. •In the synonymy of Coelorhynchus occa (Goode & Bean 1885) -- (Marshall 1973:294 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer 1990:549 [ref. 16195]). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus occa (Goode & Bean 1885). Macrouridae: Macrourinae.

africana, Ventrifossa Iwamoto [T.] 1970:405, Figs. 24, 25a [Studies in Tropical Oceanography (Miami) No. 4 (pt 2); ref. 18329] Off Liberia, Gulf of Guinea, depth 732 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 202771. •Valid as Ventrifossa africana Iwamoto 1970 -- (Geistdoerfer 1990:562 [ref. 16195]). •Valid as Nezumia africana (Iwamoto 1970) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Wilson 2001:35 [ref. 25944], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia africana (Iwamoto 1970). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

alateralis, Coryphaenoides Marshall [N. B.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1973:567, Fig. 18 [Memoirs of the Sears Foundation of Marine Research Mem. 1 (pt 6); ref. 6966] Gulf of Mexico about 110 miles south of Pensacola, Florida, 28°33'N, 87°09'W, Albatross station 3748, depth 610 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 206303. •Valid as Coryphaenoides alateralis Marshall & Iwamoto 1973 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:777 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides alateralis Marshall & Iwamoto 1973. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

albatrossus, Macrourus Townsend [C. H.] & Nichols [J. T.] 1925:17, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 52 (art. 1); ref. 4420] Off northern Baja California, Mexico, 31°23.75'N, 118°31.5'W, Albatross station 5692, depth 1076 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 87555 [ex AMNH 8345]. •Questionably a synonym of Coryphaenoides filifer (Gilbert 1896) -- (T. Iwamoto, pers. comm. 2/2001). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides filiferus (Gilbert 1896) Current status: Uncertain as Coryphaenoides filiferus (Gilbert 1896). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

altipinnis, Coryphaenoides Günther [A.] 1877:439 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 56); ref. 2009] South of Tokyo, Japan, Challenger station 237, depth 1875 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.90. Also appeared as altipinnis in Günther 1887: 138, Pl. 39 (fig. A); two additional specimens mentioned [BMNH 1887.12.7.91-92]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides altipinnis Günther 1877 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:96 [ref. 6441], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:428 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:428 [ref. 26001]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides altipinnis Günther 1877. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

amirantensis, Coelorinchus Iwamoto [T.], Golani [D.], Baranes [A.] & Goren [M.] 2006:438, Figs. 1, 4-5 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 57 (no. 13); ref. 28817] Between Alphonse and Bijoutier islands, Seychelles, depth 1900 meters. Holotype: TAU P.11600 [= SMNHTAU]. Paratypes: CAS 223467 (3); UMMGU uncat. (3), uncat. (2), uncat. (1). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Coelorinchus amirantensis Iwamoto, Golani, Baranes & Goren 2006. Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus amirantensis Iwamoto, Golani, Baranes & Goren 2006. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Seychelles and Mascarene Plateau, Mascarenes, western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

amydrozosterus, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:127, Fig. 7 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] 42 kilometers southwest of Portland, Australia, depth 297-334 meters. Holotype: NMV A3405. Paratypes: AMS E3583 (1), E3585 (1), E3586 (1), I.15975-036 (1), I.8711-006 (3); CAS 79576 [ex NMV A6191] (4); CSIRO H 2604-02 (1), H 2605-03 (1), H 2607-01 (1), H 2618-04 (1); NMV A803 (2), A3405 (2), A7108 (5 of 7). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus amydrozosterus Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Iwamoto et al. 2004:199 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:584 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus amydrozosterus Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Iwamoto & Graham 2008:142 [ref. 29641], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:325 [ref. 30636], Williams et al. 2018:99 [ref. 36359]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus amydrozosterus Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: southern Australia, north to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

anatirostris, Coelorhynchus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Starks 1904:619, Fig. [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 2526] Misaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): ?USNM 51471 [orig. CAS-SU 8550]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:56 [ref. 12291]. Species misspelled antirostris by Franz 1910:27 [ref. 1481]. •Valid as Caelorinchus anatirostris Jordan & Gilbert 1904 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:141 [ref. 18936] as Coelorinchus, Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:486 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:743 [ref. 25037], Nakabo 2000:434 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:304 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:434 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:416 [ref. 28370], Bray et al. 2006:585 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorhynchus anatirostris Jordan & Gilbert 1904 -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:171, 352 [ref. 8256], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:98 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:233, 368 [ref. 8057]). •Valid as Coelorinchus anatirostris Jordan & Gilbert 1904 -- (Fricke et al. 2011:363 [ref. 31242], Iwamoto et al. 2015:50 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus anatirostris Jordan & Gilbert 1904. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific from southern Japan and East China Sea, Taiwan, New Caledonia, Chesterfield and Bellona Plateau, Vanuatu and off Northeastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

andriashevi, Idiolophorhynchus Sazonov [Yu. I.] 1981:1360, Figs. 1-2 [Zoologicheskii Zhurnal v. 60 (no. 9) (for Sept. 1981); ref. 3906] Indian Ocean, 120 miles southwest from Fremantle, Off Cape Freycinet, Western Australia, 33°22'S, 113°59'E, depth 1190-1230 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-15341. Paratypes: ZMMU P-15342 (1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:60-61 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Idiolophorhynchus andriashevi Sazonov 1981 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:327 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:123 [ref. 24556], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:313 [ref. 18936], McMillan 1995:84 [ref. 21637], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:235 [ref. 23875], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:596 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:347 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:836 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Idiolophorhynchus andriashevi Sazonov 1981. Macrouridae: Trachyrincinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean off Australia and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

anguliceps, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:212, Pls. G (fig. 1), 50, 83 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off (Pacific) Panama, 5°56'N, 85°10'30"W, Albatross station 3362, depth 1175 fathoms. Lectotype: MCZ 28558. Paralectotypes: MCZ 28559-69 (3, 4, 5, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1), 63000 [ex MCZ 28588] (1), 163925-26 [ex MCZ 28588] (1, 1); USNM 57858 (2). Original genus should have been Macrourus. Lectotype selected by Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:45 [ref. 6228]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides anguliceps (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:45 [ref. 6228], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:203 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1258 [ref. 22830], McMillan 1999:488 [ref. 23975], Iwamoto & McCosker 2001:27 [ref. 25777], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957], Robertson et al. 2017:53 [ref. 35676]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides anguliceps (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru, including Cocos and Galapagos islands. Habitat: marine.

angustifrons, Coryphaenoides (Chalinura) Rass [T. S.] 1955:331, Fig. 4 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii, Akademija Nauk S.S.S.R. v. 12; ref. 3610] Okchotsk Sea, 52°20'N, 150°20'E, depth 1030 meters. Holotype: ZIN 44885. Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:151 [ref. 33662]. Apparently appeared first in Rass 1954 as name only. •Questionably a synonym of Coryphaenoides cinereus (Gilbert 1896) -- (Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650]). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides acrolepis (Bean 1884) -- (Parin et al. 2014:165 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides acrolepis (Bean 1884). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

anisacanthus, Caelorinchus Sazonov [Yu. I.] 1994:154 [107], Fig. 4 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 34 (no. 2); ref. 22658] Northwest Pacific Ridge, Kinmei Bank, 35°21'N, 171°19'E, depth 550 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-18251. Paratypes: ZMMU P-18252 (12). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:52 [ref. 25714]. On p. 107 of English translation. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Coelorinchus anisacanthus Sazonov 1994 -- (Mundy 2005:248 [ref. 28379], Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015:377 [ref. 33958]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus anisacanthus Sazonov 1994. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

annectens, Coccolus Bonaparte [C. L.] 1846:47, 97 [Atti della Settima Adunanza degli Scienziati Italiani Sesta Riunione, Milano 7a Adunanza, Napoli, Part 2; ref. 519] Based on larva, see account of Coccolus. Macrouridae: Macrourinae.

anonyme, Trachyrincus Giorna [M. E.] 1809:179, 180, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [Mémoires de l'Académie impériale des sciences, littérature et beaux-arts, Turin, Sér. Sciences Physiques et Mathématiques. [v. 16] (pt 1) (for 1805-1808); ref. 1808] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Regarded as a vernacular, "Le Trachyrinque-Anonyme" on p. 180, with genus as "Trachyrinque-Trachyrincus" on p. 179 and not available. •In the synonymy of younger Trachyrincus scabrus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Iwamoto 1986:340 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:316 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Ungaro 2002:30 [ref. 26049], Iwamoto 2016:1966 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Synonym of Trachyrincus scabrus (Rafinesque 1810). Macrouridae: Trachyrincinae.

antipodum, Mesobius Hubbs [C. L.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1977:245, Figs. 8, 9, 10B [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 41 (no. 7); ref. 2257] East of South Island, New Zealand, 44°44'S, 175°42'E, depth 995-1110 meters. Holotype (unique): FAKU 47812. •Valid as Mesobius antipodum Hubbs & Iwamoto 1977 -- (Trunov 1981:55 [ref. 8532], Trunov 1986:32 [ref. 24543], Iwamoto 1986:337 [ref. 5674], Paxton et al. 1989:328 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:125 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Okamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:188 [ref. 16024], Gomon et al. 1994:360 [ref. 22532], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:189 [ref. 23875], Pakhorukov 2001:379 [ref. 25409], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:484 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Iwamoto et al. 2004:198 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:600 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:342 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:817 [ref. 34263]). •Valid as Mesovagus antipodum (Hubbs & Iwamoto 1977) -- (Nakayama & Endo 2016:1 [ref. 34469]). Current status: Valid as Mesovagus antipodum (Hubbs & Iwamoto 1977). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan, mostly southern. Habitat: marine.

antraeus, Hymenocephalus Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] 1897:428, Pl. 46 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1114); ref. 1635] Off Hawaiian Islands, depth 298-343 fathoms. Syntypes: (91) BMNH 1900.9.29.251 (1), MCZ 35951 [ex USNM 47735] (3), NMW 90284 (1), CAS-SU 4922 (14), USNM 47735 (48). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:58 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Hymenocephalus antraeus Gilbert & Cramer 1897 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Mundy 2005:251 [ref. 28379], Schwarzhans 2014:47 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus antraeus Gilbert & Cramer 1897. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

antrodes, Melanobranchus Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:606, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 2526] Sagami Bay, Japan, depth 501-749 fathoms [916-1370 meters]. Holotype: USNM 50932. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8564 (6), USNM 51442 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:59 [ref. 12291]. Types: Shinohara & Williams 2006:551 [ref. 31656] •Valid as Bathygadus antrodes (Jordan & Starks 1904) -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:93 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:197, 356 [ref. 8057], Howes & Crimmen 1990:191 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:94 [ref. 18936], Sazonov 1994:150 [ref. 22658], Shinohara et al. 1996:168 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:418 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:304 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:418 [ref. 26001], Chiou et al. 2004:39 [ref. 27691], Shinohara et al. 2005:416 [ref. 28370], Bañón et al. 2013:553 [ref. 33016], Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015:377 [ref. 33958], Iwamoto et al. 2015:37 [ref. 35408] with authors as Jordan & Gilbert). Current status: Valid as Bathygadus antrodes (Jordan & Starks 1904). Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Japan, Okinawa and Emperor Seamounts chain. Habitat: marine.

aoteanus, Gadomus McCann [C.] & McKnight [D. G.] 1980:21, Figs. 3-4 [New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir 61; ref. 2922] New Zealand, 32°11'S, 168°18'E, depth 1171-1159 meters. Holotype: NZOI 189. Paratypes: NZOI P262-263 (1, 1). •Valid as Gadomus aoteanus McCann & McKnight 1980 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:124 [ref. 24556], Howes & Crimmen 1990:195 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:97 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:119 [ref. 23875], Bray et al. 2006:594 [ref. 29065], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:831 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Gadomus aoteanus McCann & McKnight 1980. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Australia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

aphyodes, Trachyrincus McMillan [P. J.] 1995:88, Fig. 4 [New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 29 (no. 1); ref. 21637] Mernoo Bank, Chatham Rise, 42°47.5'S, 175°47.5'E to 42°47.6'S, 175°43.8'E, depth 783-801 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P. 30149. Paratypes: NMNZ (21 spec., 19 lots). •Valid as Trachyrincus aphyodes McMillan 1995 -- (Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:347 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:837 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Trachyrincus aphyodes McMillan 1995. Macrouridae: Trachyrincinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

aratrum, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:674, Fig. 264 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Off southern coast of Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3810 [or 3910], depth 311-337 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51656. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8635 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:56 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Caelorinchus aratrum Gilbert 1905 -- (Mundy 2005:249 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Coelorinchus aratrum Gilbert 1905 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:137 [ref. 18936], McMillan & Iwamoto 2009:49 [ref. 30414]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus aratrum Gilbert 1905. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

arcuatus, Bathygadus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1886:158 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 12 (no. 5); ref. 1844] Off Martinique Island, West Indies, Blake station 205, depth 334 fathoms. Holotype: MCZ 28007. Paratypes: (1) ?USNM. •Valid as Gadomus arcuatus (Goode & Bean 1886) -- (Marshall 1973:289 [ref. 7194], Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:210 [ref. 14275], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:647 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:544 [ref. 16195], Howes & Crimmen 1990:193 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:97 [ref. 18936], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:769 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto 2003:990 [ref. 27010], Melo et al. 2010:31 [ref. 30775], Bañón et al. 2013:559 [ref. 33016], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:89 [ref. 37485] as cf. arcuatus, Iwamoto 2016:1963 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:135 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Gadomus arcuatus (Goode & Bean 1886). Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

argentatus, Coelorhynchus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:137, Pl. 31 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Jolo, 6°03'15"N, 120°35'30"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5172, depth 318 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 72949. Paratypes: USNM 149283-85 (1, 1, 1). First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Coelorhynchus argentatus Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:325 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Caelorinchus argentatus Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:489 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:129 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:743 [ref. 25037], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:585 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus argenteus Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:142 [ref. 18936], Fricke et al. 2011:363 [ref. 31242], Larson et al. 2013:51 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus argentatus Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean off Australia. Habitat: marine.

argus, Coelorhynchus Weber [M.] 1913:161, 671, Pl. 4 (figs. 4-4a) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Flores Strait; Macasar Strait; Molucca Passage; Bali Sea; Siboga stations 38, 74, 139, 316; depth 397-538 meters. Syntypes: (24) ZMA 112468-69 (1, 10), 111498-99 (4, 8). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:66 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Coelorhynchus argus Weber 1913 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:325 [ref. 12442] as Coelorhynchus). •Valid as Caelorinchus argus Weber 1913 -- (Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Coelorinchus argus Weber 1913 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:144 [ref. 18936], Motomura et al. 2017:54 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus argus Weber 1913. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines and Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

ariommus, Coryphaenoides Gilbert [C. H.] & Thompson [W. F.] in Thompson 1916:471, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 50 (no. 2133); ref. 4391] Off Lota, Chile, 38°08'S, 75°53'W, Albatross station 2791, depth 677 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 76859. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22728 (7), USNM 76891 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:57 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides ariommus Gilbert & Thompson 1916 -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:50 [ref. 6228], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:204 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1254 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:236 [ref. 24555], McMillan 1999:488 [ref. 23975]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides ariommus Gilbert & Thompson 1916. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

armatus, Macrurus Hector [J.] 1875:81 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 15 (no. 85) (art. 11); ref. 18268] About 200 miles west of Cape Farewell, New Zealand, depth 400 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1982.6.8.1 [ex New Zeland Inst.]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Apparently appeared first as above, then in Hector 1875:249, Pl. 11 (fig. 78a) [ref. 18269]. •Valid as Nematonurus armatus (Hector 1875) -- (Marshall 1973:297 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:668 [ref. 13676], Paulin et al. 1989:129 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:123 [ref. 14674], Geistdoerfer 1990:556 [ref. 16195], Santos et al. 1997:57 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:68 [ref. 24952]). •Valid as Coryphaenoides armatus (Hector 1875) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:27 [ref. 7509], Iwamoto 1986:334 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:72 [ref. 6228], Paxton et al. 1989:326 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:205 [ref. 18936], Endo & Okamura 1992:433 [ref. 19773], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1261 [ref. 22830], Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:287 [ref. 22071], McMillan 1999:486 [ref. 23975], Nakabo 2000:427 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:275 [ref. 25968], Iwamoto & McCosker 2001:27 [ref. 25777], Nakabo 2002:427 [ref. 26001], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Moore et al. 2003:209 [ref. 27076], Iwamoto et al. 2004:196 [ref. 27643], Mundy 2005:250 [ref. 28379], Duhamel et al. 2005:248 [ref. 32059], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:195 [ref. 28944], Fujii et al. 2010:512 [ref. 30881], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957], Møller et al. 2010:36 [ref. 31169], Parin et al. 2014:165 [ref. 33547], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:790 [ref. 34263], Afonso et al. 2016:29, 133 [ref. 36199], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585], Vieira et al. 2016:[5] [ref. 34869], Burton & Lea 2019:48 [ref. 37205], Carneiro et al. 2019:133 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides armatus (Hector 1875). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate waters. Habitat: marine.

asper, Coryphaenoides Günther [A.] 1877:440 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 56); ref. 2009] South of Japan, Challenger station 237, depth 1875 fathoms [3429 meters]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.88. Original gives locality as "South of the Philippines and Japan," but evidently only one specimen was involved (see Günther 1887:137, Pl. 36 (fig. A), one specimen from south of Japan). •Valid as Coryphaenoides asper Günther 1877 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:96 [ref. 6441], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:428 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:428 [ref. 26001], Iwamoto et al. 2009:45 [ref. 30612], Iwamoto et al. 2015:69 [ref. 35408] as cf. asper, Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:87 [ref. 37485] as cf. asper, Nakayama & Endo 2016:[2] [ref. 34404]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides asper Günther 1877. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

asper, Macrurus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1883:196 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 10 (no. 5); ref. 1838] North Atlantic, 41°24'25"N, 65°35'30"W, Blake station 308, depth 1242 fathoms. Syntypes: (6) BMNH 1887.12.7.88 (1); MCZ 25815 (1), 100189 [ex MCZ 25815] (now 3). Original genus should have been Macrourus. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Coryphaenoides asper Günther 1877 when placed in Macrurus by Günther 1887:137 [ref. 2103], replaced by Macrurus goodii Günther 1887. •Synonym of Nematonurus armatus (Hector 1875) -- (Marshall 1973:297 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer 1990:556 [ref. 16195]). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides armatus (Hector 1875) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:27 [ref. 7509], Iwamoto 1990:195 [ref. 21688], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:205 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides armatus (Hector 1875). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

aspercephalus, Coelorhynchus Waite [E. R.] 1911:178, Pl. 29 (fig. 2); Fig. 2 [Records of the Canterbury Museum v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 14826] New Zealand. Syntypes: (several stations) AMS IA.1 (1), CMC F1628 (1). Type catalog: Freeman & Tunnicliffe 1997:7 [ref. 22860] with CMC F1628 as holotype [a length was given but no holotype established]. •Valid as Caelorinchus aspercephalus Waite 1911 -- (McMillan & Paulin 1993:836 [ref. 21005], Iwamoto et al. 2004:199 [ref. 27643]). •Valid as Coelorinchus aspercephalus Waite 1911 -- (Arai in Amaoka et al. 1990:171 [ref. 16024], Paulin et al. 1989:126 [ref. 24556], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:145 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Graham 2008:142 [ref. 29641], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:768 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus aspercephalus Waite 1911. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

asperrimus, Coryphaenoides Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:229, Pl. 18 (figs. 2-2b) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Off the Azores, northeastern Atlantic, 37°35'N, 29°26'W, station 121, depth 1442 meters. Lectotype: MNHN 1886-0118. Paralectotypes: (14) MNHN 1886-0187 (1), 1886-0188 (1), 1886-0189 (1), plus missing specimens. Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:225 [ref. 24244] with a holotype. Lectotype selected by Eschmeyer 1998:148 [ref. 23416]. Type information: Bauchot et al. 1972:664 [ref. 11384]. •Synonym of Trachonurus villosus (Günther 1877) -- (Marshall 1973:290 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:674 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:562 [ref. 16195]). •Synonym of Trachonurus sulcatus (Goode & Bean 1885) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:290 [ref. 18936], Bailly et al. 1999:225 [ref. 24244]). Current status: Synonym of Trachonurus sulcatus (Goode & Bean 1885). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

aspidentata, Nezumia Iwamoto [T.] & Merrett [N. R.] 1997:535, Fig. 28a [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 176; ref. 23710] Chesterfield and Bellona Plateau, southwestern Pacific, 19°39.0'S, 158°49.0'E, depth 700-720 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1996-0958. Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:232 [ref. 24244]. •Valid as Nezumia aspidentata Iwamoto & Merrett 1997 -- (Bailly et al. 1999:232 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:771 [ref. 25037], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242], Nakayama & Endo 2012:66 [ref. 32112], Nakayama & Endo 2015:7 [ref. 35270]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia aspidentata Iwamoto & Merrett 1997. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Chesterfield and Bellona Plateau (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

asprellus, Macrourus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:118, Pl. 26 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Southeast of Batjan Island, 1°00'00"S, 127°50'00"E, Indonesia, Albatross station 5632, depth 845 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 72935. First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Coryphaenoides asprellus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:287 [ref. 22071], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides asprellus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

asteroides, Coelorhynchus Okamura [O.] 1963:21, Figs. 1-2, 4 [Bulletin of the Misaki Marine Biological Institute, Kyoto University No. 4; ref. 2837] Japan. Holotype: FAKU 23801. Paratypes: FAKU 7057 (1), 21513 (1), 24909 (1, disintegrated), 25194 (1), 29115 (1), 33910 (1), 33981 (1). •Valid as Caelorhinchus asteroides Okamura 1963 -- (Nakabo 2000:434 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:304 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:434 [ref. 26001], Chiou et al. 2004:43 [ref. 27691], Shinohara et al. 2005:416 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Coelorinchus asteroides Okamura 1963 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:98 [ref. 6441] as Coelorhynchus, Yatou in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:235, 369 [ref. 8057] as Coelorhynchus, Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:137 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto et al. 2015:50 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus asteroides Okamura 1963. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific, East China sea, Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

aterrimus, Hymenocephalus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:666, Pl. 93 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Off Kauai Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3810 [or 3989], depth 385-500 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51649. Paratypes: FMNH 55952 (1), CAS-SU 8513 (4), USNM 51677-78 (15, 4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:58 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:47 [ref. 12367]. See also Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536] •Valid as Hymenocephalus aterrimus Gilbert 1905 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:516 [ref. 23710], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:782 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:757 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:473 [ref. 25637], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Mundy 2005:252 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:595 [ref. 29065], Melo et al. 2010:35 [ref. 30775] as cf. aterrimus, Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242], McMillan & Iwamoto 2014:132 [ref. 33462] as cf. aterrimus, Schwarzhans 2014:33 [ref. 33586], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:90 [ref. 37485]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus aterrimus Gilbert 1905. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas, except not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

atherodon, Optonurus Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] 1897:431, Pl. 46 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1114); ref. 1635] Off Hawaiian Islands, central Pacific, 21°12'N, 159°38'30"W, depth 686 meters. Lectotype: To be USNM 47729. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:59 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype selected by Iwamoto but not yet published; not designed here. •Valid as Ventrifossa atherodon (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Iwamoto 1979:152 [ref. 2311], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:151 [ref. 8256], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:296 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:554 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:233 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:775 [ref. 25037], Chiou et al. 2004:46 [ref. 27691], Mundy 2005:256 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa atherodon (Gilbert & Cramer 1897). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Pacific: Hawaiian Islands, New Caledonia and Vanuatu (southwestern Pacific). Habitat: marine.

atlantica, Ventrifossa Parr [A. E.] 1946:32, Fig. 10 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 10 (art. 1); ref. 3378] Gulf of Mexico, 27°48'30"N, 89°56'W, Atlantis station 2836, depth 345-500 fathoms. Holotype: YPM 2103. Paratypes: YPM 8043 (1). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:15 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Ventrifossa atlantica Parr 1946 -- (Boschung 1992:75 [ref. 23239]). •Valid as Nezumia atlantica (Parr 1946) -- (Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:221 [ref. 14275], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:265 [ref. 18936], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:790 [ref. 23897], Wilson 2001:35 [ref. 25944], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Melo et al. 2010:37 [ref. 30775], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:97 [ref. 37485]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia atlantica (Parr 1946). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) south to Espirito Santo (Brazil), including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

atlanticus, Macrourus Lowe [R. T.] 1839:88 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 2829] Off Madeira. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1917.7.14.85. •Synonym of Coelorhynchus coelorhynchus [should be Coelorinchus caelorinchus] (Risso 1810) -- (Marshall 1973:293 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:656 [ref. 13676], Iwamoto 2016:1981 [ref. 34585] as Coelorinchus caelorhincus). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus caelorinchus (Risso 1810). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

atomos, Nezumia loricata Iwamoto [T.] 1979:175, Figs. 15c, 16b, 18g [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 42 (no. 5); ref. 2311] Chile, 33°39'S, 72°09'W, Anton Brunn cruise 18A, depth 1170-1480 meters. Holotype: CAS 38312. Paratypes: CAS 43427 (8). •Synonym of Nezumia loricata (Garman 1899), but a valid subspecies atomos Iwamoto 1979 as described. Current status: Synonym of Nezumia loricata (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

australis, Lepidoleprus Richardson [J.] 1839:100 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 3732] Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.1122. Also described in Richardson 1844:151 [ref. 20295]. •Valid as Caelorinchus australis (Richardson 1839) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:351 [ref. 22532], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:440 [ref. 25637], Iwamoto et al. 2004:199 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:585 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus australis (Richardson 1839) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:325 [ref. 12442], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:146 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Graham 2008:142 [ref. 29641], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:326 [ref. 30636]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus australis (Richardson 1839). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southern and southeastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

awae, Coryphaenoides Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Starks 1904:608, Fig. [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 2526] Off Nanaura, Awa, entrance to Tokyo Bay, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 8547. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:57 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Coryphaenoides marginatus Steindachner & Döderlein 1887 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:214 [ref. 18936], Kim et al. 2009:107 [ref. 30413]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides marginatus Steindachner & Döderlein 1887. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

bairdii, Macrurus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1877:471 [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 3) v. 14; ref. 18128] Gulf of Maine, 44 miles from Cape Ann, Massachusetts, U.S.A., depth 160 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 21014. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Nezumia bairdii (Goode & Bean 1877) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:96 [ref. 23100] as bairdi, Scott & Scott 1988:302 [ref. 25518] as bairdi, McAllister 1990:123 [ref. 14674] as bairdi, Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:266 [ref. 18936] as bairdi, Okamura in Okamura et al. 1995:129 [ref. 22531], Santos et al. 1997:124 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:69 [ref. 24952], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:215 [ref. 26158], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Moore et al. 2003:210 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:93 [ref. 27807], Møller et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31169], Page et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32708], Afonso et al. 2016:30, 232 [ref. 36199], Carneiro et al. 2019:137 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia bairdii (Goode & Bean 1877). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

barattinii, Coryphaenoides Fowler [H. W.] 1943:323, Figs. 16-17 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 95; ref. 1444] Atlantic off Uruguay, 35°08'S, 52°37'W. Holotype (unique): ANSP 70328 [not 70322]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:126 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Coelorinchus marinii Hubbs 1934 -- (Iwamoto 1990:193 [ref. 21688], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:172 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus marinii Hubbs 1934. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

barbatulus, Hymenocephalus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:539, Fig. 34 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Pacific off eastern coast of Mindanao, Philippines, Albatross station 5238, depth 380 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 83652. Paratypes: (1). •Valid as Hymenocephalus barbatulus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Schwarzhans 2014:35 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus barbatulus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

barbiger, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:197, Pl. 45 (figs. 2-2b) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] 21°15'N, 106°23'W, Albatross station 3424, depth 676 fathoms. MCZ 28597. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Synonym of Nezumia liolepis (Gilbert 1890) -- (Iwamoto 1979:157 [ref. 2311], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:274 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Nezumia liolepis (Gilbert 1890). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

berglax, Macrourus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:169, 170, Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Greenland, Iceland, North Atlantic. No types known. Based on multiple sources including Macrourus rupestris (non Gunnerus 1765) Bloch 1792 and Coryphaenoides rupestris Gunnerus 1765, restricted by authors to Bloch species which was illustrated on Pl. 10 (fig. 1). •Valid as Macrourus berglax Lacepède 1801 -- (Marshall 1973:296 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:666 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:300 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:123 [ref. 14674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:235 [ref. 18936], Trunov & Konstantinov 1990:46 [ref. 22872], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1995:128 [ref. 22531], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:213 [ref. 26158], Moore et al. 2003:210 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:92 [ref. 27807], Møller et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31169], McMillan et al. 2012:2 [ref. 31767], Page et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2013:168 [ref. 33547], Afonso et al. 2016:30, 215 [ref. 36199], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:118 [ref. 36370], Carneiro et al. 2019:136 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Macrourus berglax Lacepède 1801. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Atlantic and adjacent Arctic regions. Habitat: marine.

berryi, Mesobius Hubbs [C. L.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1977:236, Figs. 1-8, 10A [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 41 (no. 7); ref. 2257] Mid-equatorial Pacific, 0°03.8'-07'N, 154°56'W, depth 0-1280 meters. Holotype: SIO 73-170. Paratypes: CAS 30469-71 (1, 1, 1); LACM 8638 (1), 9579-16 (1), 30083-17 (1), 35671-1 (1); SIO 75-465 (1), SIO (? 6 more lots); USNM 215326-27 (2, 2). •Valid as Mesobius berryi Hubbs & Iwamoto 1977 -- (Iwamoto 1979:141 [ref. 2311], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1264 [ref. 22830], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:191 [ref. 23875], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Mundy 2005:254 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:600 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:341 [ref. 30636], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585]). •Valid as Mesovagus berryi (Hubbs & Iwamoto 1977) -- (Nakayama & Endo 2016:1 [ref. 34469]). Current status: Valid as Mesovagus berryi (Hubbs & Iwamoto 1977). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas, including Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

biclinozonalis, Coelorinchus Arai [T.] & McMillan [P. J.] 1982:115, Figs. 1, 2A, 3A [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 8513] Cloudy Bay, New Zealand, 41°26'S, 174°16'E, depth 55-60 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.9549. Paratypes: AIM (10 in 7 lots), AMS I.22867-001 (1), CAS 48310 (1), CMC 843 (2), FSFL (6 in 6 lots), NMNZ (50 in 31 lots; now 48 in 29 lots [P.1992 and P.4906 missing]), NSMT-P 19732-33 (2), 19734-35 (2). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:8 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Caelorinchus biclinozonalis Arai & McMillan 1982 -- (McMillan & Paulin 1993:836 [ref. 21005], Iwamoto et al. 2004:199 [ref. 27643]). •Valid as Coelorinchus biclinozonalis Arai & McMillan 1982 -- (Arai in Amaoka et al. 1990:172 [ref. 16024], Paulin et al. 1989:126 [ref. 24556], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:147 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Graham 2008:142 [ref. 29641], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:769 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus biclinozonalis Arai & McMillan 1982. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

billsam, Hymenocephalus Marshall [N. B.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1973:610, Fig. 34 [Memoirs of the Sears Foundation of Marine Research Mem. 1 (pt 6); ref. 6966] Caribbean Sea off Puerto Rico, Oregon station 2641, 17°49'N, 66°11'W, depth 440 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 198181. Paratypes: BMNH uncat. (1); ISH 1893-1968 (6); MCZ 43046 (3), 43048 (5); UF 19523 [ex TABL 106838] (7), 216733 [ex UMML 16733] (1), 226909 [ex UMML 26909] (2), 23927-32 [ex TABL] (1, 2, 2, 1, 4, 1); USNM 206492-94 (1, 1, 1), 209261-63 (1, 6, 7), plus 8 TABL specimens not accounted for. Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:111 [ref. 21035], Krefft 1978:14 [ref. 9884]. Regarded by Iwamoto as a patronym for Bill and Sam; so it was subsequently changed to billsamorum [of men]. However, the change in ending of a patronym is not a mandatory chage and the spelling billsamorum is not in prevailing usage, therefore the spelling billsam is accepted as the correct original spelling. •Valid as Hymenocephalus billsam Marshall & Iwamoto 1973 -- (Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:61 [ref. 27192], Prokofiev & Kukuev 2009:225 [ref. 30172], Melo et al. 2010:35 [ref. 30775], Schwarzhans 2014:41 [ref. 33586], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:91 [ref. 37485]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus billsam Marshall & Iwamoto 1973. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) south to Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

billsamorum, Hymenocephalus Iwamoto [T.] in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, v. 10; ref. 18936] Caribbean Sea off Puerto Rico, Oregon station 2641, 17°49'N, 66°11'W, depth 440 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 198181. Paratypes: BMNH uncat. (1); ISH 1893-1968 (6); MCZ 43046 (3), 43048 (5); UF 19523 [ex TABL 106838] (7), 216733 [ex UMML 16733] (1), 226909 [ex UMML 26909] (2), 23927-32 [ex TABL] (1, 2, 2, 1, 4, 1); USNM 206492-94 (1, 1, 1), 209261-63 (1, 6, 7), plus 8 TABL specimens not accounted for. Originally as billsam but name was treated as a patronym and subsequently changed to billsamorum [of men], but that is not a manditory change and the spelling billsamorum has perhaps not yet achieved prevailing status, so the name billsam is acceptable. •Valid as Hymenocephalus billsamorum Marshall & Iwamoto 1973 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:783 [ref. 23897], Pakhorukov 2001:379 [ref. 25409], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010]). •Synonym of Hymenocephalus billsam Marshall & Iwamoto 1973 -- (Schwarzhans 2014:41 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Synonym of Hymenocephalus billsam Marshall & Iwamoto 1973. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

bollonsi, Coelorhynchus (Oxymacrurus) McCann [C.] & McKnight [D. G.] 1980:80, Figs. 61-63 [New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir 61; ref. 2922] New Zealand, 38°40'S, 175°29.3'E, depth 322 meters. Holotype: NZOI 196. Paratypes: NZOI P274 to P276 (1, 1, 1). •Valid as Caelorinchus bollonsi McCann & McKnight 1980 -- (McMillan & Paulin 1993:837 [ref. 21005], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:129 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto et al. 2004:199 [ref. 27643]). •Valid as Coelorinchus bollonsi McCann & McKnight 1980 -- (Arai in Amaoka et al. 1990:173 [ref. 16024], Paulin et al. 1989:127 [ref. 24556], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:137 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Graham 2008:142 [ref. 29641], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:770 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus bollonsi McCann & McKnight 1980. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

bonanox, Coryphaenoides Jordan [D. S.] & Thompson [W. F.] 1914:305, Pl. 38 (figs. 1-1a) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 2543] Sagami Bay, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 57520 [ex CM 6462]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:88 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:28 [ref. 12367]. Originally as bona-nox. •Synonym of Coryphaenoides acrolepis (Bean 1884) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:13 [ref. 7509], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:202 [ref. 18936], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:277 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides acrolepis (Bean 1884). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

boops, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:202 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Gulf of Panama, 7°21'N, 79°35'W, Albatross station 3394, depth 511 fathoms. Lectotype: MCZ 28588. Paralectotypes: MCZ 18587 (1), 61903 [ex 28588] (2). Original genus should have been Macrourus. Originally as boöps. Lectotype selected by Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:53 [ref. 6228]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides boops (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:53 [ref. 6228], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1261 [ref. 22830], Iwamoto & McCosker 2001:27 [ref. 25777], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides boops (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

borealis, Lucigadus Iwamoto [T.] & Okamoto [M.] 2015:372, Figs. 2a-b [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 62 (part 2) no. 13; ref. 33958] Koko Guyot, Emperor Seamounts, 35°39'N, 171°01'E, depth 409 meters. Holotype: CAS 237107. Paratypes: CAS 237109 (5), NSMT [not 237108] (1). •Valid as Lucigadus borealis Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015. Current status: Valid as Lucigadus borealis Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Emperor Seamounts, north Pacific. Habitat: marine.

boretzi, Malacocephalus Sazonov [Yu. I.] 1985:719 [14], Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 25 (no. 5); ref. 12383] North Pacific [northern Hawaiian Ridge], 30°16'N, 178°43'E, depth 290 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-16034. Paratypes: CAS 51793 (1); ZMMU P-16035-36 (1, 2). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:62 [ref. 25714]. On p. 14 of English translation. •Valid as Malacocephalus boretzi Sazonov 1985 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:241 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:187 [ref. 23875], Mundy 2005:253 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Malacocephalus boretzi Sazonov 1985. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Pacific: Northern Hawaiian Ridge. Habitat: marine.

bowersi, Gadomus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:659, Fig. 257 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Near Bird Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4151, depth 313-800 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51658. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8651 (2), USNM 51695 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:57 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Bathygadus bowersi (Gilbert 1905) -- (Howes & Crimmen 1990:192 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:94 [ref. 18936], Mundy 2005:248 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Bathygadus bowersi (Gilbert 1905). Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

braueri, Coelorhynchus (Oxygadus) Barnard [K. H.] 1925:501 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 15 (no. 86) (art. 56); ref. 12730] West coast, off Saldanha Bay and Table Bay, off Cape Point and East London, South Africa, depth 250-450 fathoms. Syntypes: SAM 12623 (9) off Table Mt. •Valid as Coelorinchus braueri Barnard 1925 -- (Trunov 1983:901 [ref. 8205], Iwamoto 1986:333 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:149 [ref. 18936], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:142 [ref. 25472], Jawad & Al-Mamry 2012:2 [ref. 31773]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus braueri Barnard 1925. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

brevibarbatus, Lionurus Barnard [K. H.] 1925:503 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 15 (no. 86) (art. 56); ref. 12730] Off Cape Point, South Africa, depth 300-950 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1927.12.6.20-24 (5); SAM 12065 (3), 21802 (1). •Valid as Nezumia brevibarbata (Barnard 1925) -- (Iwamoto 1986:338 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:267 [ref. 18936], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:818 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia brevibarbata (Barnard 1925). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and Indo-Pacific, Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

brevibarbis, Chalinura Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:413 [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] East of Long Island, New York, 41°09'40"N, 66°02'20"W, Albatross station 2077, depth 1255 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 33453. Paratypes: MCZ 35940 [ex USNM 33453] (1); USNM 33269 (1), 33272 (2), 33396 (?), 33453 (7), 35560 (1), 47501 (1). •Valid as Chalinura brevibarbis Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Marshall 1973:297 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:652 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:297 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:121 [ref. 14674], Arruda 1997:66 [ref. 24952]). •See also Santos et al. 1997:124 [ref. 23531]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides brevibarbis (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1995:123 [ref. 22531] as brevibarbus, Møller et al. 2010:36 [ref. 31169], Afonso et al. 2016:29, 134 [ref. 36199], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:133 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides brevibarbis (Goode & Bean 1896). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

brevirostris, Coelorinchus Okamura [O.] in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:225, Pl. 160 [Fishes of the Okinawa Trough and the adjacent waters; ref. 8057] Okinawa Trough, 25°47.4'N, 124°23.4'E, depth 600 meters. Holotype (unique): BSKU 29562 [29563 on plate caption]. •Valid as Caelorhinchus brevirostris Okamura 1984 -- (Nakabo 2000:431 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:431 [ref. 26001], Chiou et al. 2004:301 [ref. 27687], Shinohara et al. 2005:416 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Coelorinchus brevirostris Okamura 1984 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:137 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto et al. 2009:43 [ref. 30612], Iwamoto et al. 2015:51 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus brevirostris Okamura 1984. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific, Okinawa Trough, Japan, Taiwan and South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

brevirostris, Lepturus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:166 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Norwegian sea, Dronthemum, Cape Agnaser. No types known. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

brevirostris, Macrurus Alcock [A. W.] 1889:393 [19] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 4 (no. 23); ref. 81] Andaman Sea, 7.5 miles east of North Cinque Island, depth 490 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F11762. Type catalog: Talwar 1977:637 [ref. 26599]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. On p. 19 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1894: Pl. 13 (fig. 3) [ref. 17304]. •Valid as Nezumia brevirostris (Alcock 1889) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia brevirostris (Alcock 1889). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

bubonis, Nezumia (Kuronezumia) Iwamoto [T.] 1974:509, Figs. 1-3 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 39 (no. 22); ref. 2310] Western Gulf of Mexico, off Barra San Antonio, Mexico, 24°49'N, 96°27'W, depth 500 fathoms. Holotype: CAS 27872. Paratypes: BPBM 15937-38 (1, 1); CAS 27873-74 (1, 2); UF 231058 [ex UMML 31058] (1); USNM 210592-93 (2, 1). •Valid as Nezumia bubonis Iwamoto 1974 -- (Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:220 [ref. 14275], Paxton et al. 1989:328 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:130 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Okamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:189 [ref. 16024]). •Valid as Kuronezumia bubonis (Iwamoto 1974) -- (Shcherbachev et al. 1992:98 [ref. 20586], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:786 [ref. 23897], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:764 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:476 [ref. 25637], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Iwamoto et al. 2004:198 [ref. 27643], Mundy 2005:253 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:597 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:339 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:810 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Kuronezumia bubonis (Iwamoto 1974). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas, including Hawaiian Islands, but not eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

bucephalus, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:195, Pl. 44 (figs. 2, 2b) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Gulf of Panama, 7°15'N, 79°36'W, Albatross station 3393, depth 1020 fathoms. Lectotype: MCZ 28599. Paralectotypes: MCZ 28590 (1), 28600-01 (1, 2). Original genus should have been Macrourus. Lectotype selected by Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:57 [ref. 6228]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides bucephalus (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:57 [ref. 6228], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1262 [ref. 22830], Iwamoto & McCosker 2001:27 [ref. 25777], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:195 [ref. 28944], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides bucephalus (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

bulbiceps, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:194, Pl. 44 (figs. 1-b) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off Cocos Island, eastern Pacific, 5°43'N, 85°50'W, Albatross station 3363, depth 978 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28602. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Coryphaenoides bulbiceps (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:59 [ref. 6228], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1262 [ref. 22830], Iwamoto & McCosker 2001:27 [ref. 25777], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides bulbiceps (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

burragei, Macrourus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:668, Fig. 260 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Off southern coast of Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3810 [or 3917], depth 294-330 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 51641. •Valid as Nezumia burragei (Gilbert 1905) -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:95 [ref. 6441], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:199 [ref. 23875], Nakabo 2000:424 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:306 [ref. 25995] as Nazumia, Nakabo 2002:424 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:254 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia burragei (Gilbert 1905). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western and central North Pacific: Japan, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

caelorhincus, Lepidoleprus Risso [A.] 1810:200, Pl. 7 (fig. 22) [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN B-858 (1), B-859 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1945:376 [ref. 21554], Bailly et al. 1999:228 [ref. 24244]. The original and correct orthography of the genus is Coelorinchus and that of the species is caelorhincus. •Valid as Coelorhynchus coelorhynchus (Risso 1810) -- (Marshall 1973:293 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:656 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:297 [ref. 25518], Klausewitz 1989:260 [ref. 13650], McAllister 1990:122 [ref. 14674], Geistdoerfer 1990:548 [ref. 16195], Galil & Goren 1994:49 [ref. 23163], Santos et al. 1997:55 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:67 [ref. 24952], Golani 2005:25 [ref. 37112], Goren & Galil 2015:513 [ref. 33910]). •Valid as Coelorinchus coelorhincus (Risso 1810) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:154 [ref. 18936]). •Valid as Caelorinchus caelorhincus (Risso 1810) -- (Boschung 1992:74 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:773 [ref. 23897], Bailly et al. 1999:228 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto & Ungaro 2002:27 [ref. 26049], Moore et al. 2003:208 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:92 [ref. 27807], Fricke et al. 2007:62 [ref. 29533]). •Valid as Caelorhynchus caelorhynchus (Risso 1810) -- (Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:48 [ref. 26753]). •Valid as Caelorinchus caelorincus (Risso 1810) -- (Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010]). •Valid as Coelorinchus caelorhinchus (Risso 1810) -- (Bañon et al. 2010:9 [ref. 31029] but corrected in erratum to caelorhincus in Zootaxa No. 2690:68). •Valid as Caelorhynchus caelorhinchus (Risso 1810) -- (Lipej & Dulčić 2010:28 [ref. 36649]). •Valid as Coelorinchus caelorinchus (Risso 1910) -- (Page et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32708], Bañón et al. 2016:313 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto 2016:1981 [ref. 34585], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:132 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:46 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:18 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Risso 1810). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; eastern Atlantic: Greenland, Iceland and Faroes south to Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: marine.

calvifrons, Kumba Iwamoto [T.] & Sazonov [Yu. I.] 1994:225, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 48 (no. 11); ref. 21459] Mid-Atlantic Ridge at the equator, 0°27'N, 16°52.2'W, depth 930-960 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU P-17764. Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:61 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Kumba calvifrons Iwamoto & Sazonov 1994. Current status: Valid as Kumba calvifrons Iwamoto & Sazonov 1994. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

caml, Macrourus McMillan [P. J.], Iwamoto [T.], Stewart [A. L.] & Smith [P. J.] 2012:4, Figs. 2-4 [Zootaxa No. 3165; ref. 31767] Ross Sea slope, Antarctica, 72°21'S, 175°33'E, depth 945-952 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.043633. Paratypes: AMS I.45750-001 [ex NMNZ P.037602] (1), BMNH 2011.8.1.1 [ex NMNZ P.9372] (1), CAS 233433 [ex NMNZ P.043997] (1), CSIRO H 7251-01 [ex NMNZ P.036091], MNHN 2011-0280 [ex NMNZ P.040371] (1), plus many more lots at NMNZ. Plus additional non-type specimens. Name is a noun in apposition. •Valid as Macrourus caml McMillan, Iwamoto, Stewart & Smith 2012. Current status: Valid as Macrourus caml McMillan, Iwamoto, Stewart & Smith 2012. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Widespread in the Southern Ocean; Ross Sea, Balleny and Scott Islands slope, Cosmonaut Sea and south of South Georgia. Habitat: marine.

campbellicus, Coelorhynchus (Quincuncia) McCann [C.] & McKnight [D. G.] 1980:57, Figs. 39-40 [New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir 61; ref. 2922] Campbell Plateau, near New Zealand, 50°31'S, 174°19'E, depth 1026 meters. Holotype (unique): NZOI 194. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Coelorinchus campbellicus McCann & McKnight 1980. Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus campbellicus McCann & McKnight 1980. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

camurus, Macrourus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:122, Pl. 27 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Off eastern Palawan Island, 9°13'00"N, 118°51'15"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5428, depth 1105 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 72939. First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Coryphaenoides camurus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936]). •Valid as Coryphaenoides camarus [sic] (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides camurus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

canus, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:217, Pls. 49 (fig. 2), 84 (figs. 1-2) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off Gulf of Panama, 7°12'20"-7°33'40"N, 79°43'20"-80°55'W, Albatross station 3355, 3389, 3391, depth 153-210 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28551-3 (3, 15, 9). Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Caelorinchus canus (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1256 [ref. 22830], Iwamoto & McCosker 2001:27 [ref. 25777], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:195 [ref. 28944], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957], Robertson et al. 2017:53 [ref. 35676]). •Valid as Coelorinchus canus (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:150 [ref. 18936], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:235 [ref. 24555]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus canus (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Costa Rica to Peru, including Galapagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Bathygadus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & von Bonde [C.] 1924:13, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa v. 3 (no. 7) (1922); ref. 1649] Off Table Bay, 33°30'S, 17°12'E, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic, Pickle station 540, depth 418 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 36. Type information: Winterbottom 1974:3 [ref. 19544]. •Valid as Gadomus capensis (Gilchrist & von Bonde 1924) -- (Iwamoto 1986:335 [ref. 5674], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Howes & Crimmen 1990:194 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:97 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:119 [ref. 23875], Pakhorukov 2001:378 [ref. 25409], Iwamoto et al. 2004:192 [ref. 27643], Melo et al. 2010:31 [ref. 30775], Bañón et al. 2013:554 [ref. 33016]). Current status: Valid as Gadomus capensis (Gilchrist & von Bonde 1924). Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, western Atlantic and western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

capito, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:200 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Gulf of Panama, 7°31'30"N, 79°14'W, Albatross station 3384, depth 458 fathoms. Lectotype: MCZ 28591. Paralectotypes: MCZ 61093 (1), 63331 (1); as as separate variety: MCZ 28592 (5, poor condition), USNM 120423 [not 12043] [ex MCZ 28592] (1). Original genus should have been Macrourus. Lectotype selected by Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:62 [ref. 6228]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides capito (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:62 [ref. 6228], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1262 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:236 [ref. 24555], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], Robertson et al. 2017:54 [ref. 35676]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides capito (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to northern Peru. Habitat: marine.

carapinus, Coryphaenoides Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1883:197 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 10 (no. 5); ref. 1838] Atlantic, 39°43'00"N, 70°55'25"W, Blake station 342, depth 1002 fathoms. Lectotype: MCZ 28005. Paralectotypes: (should be 13) MCZ 25818 (3), ?25819 (1, poor condition), 25820 (5, discarded), 25821 (1), 25822 (1), 25914 (1). Lectotype established by Marshall 1973:298 [ref. 7194]. •Valid as Lionurus carapinus (Goode & Bean 1883) -- (Marshall 1973:298 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:665 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:300 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:123 [ref. 14674], Geistdoerfer 1990:554 [ref. 16195], Santos et al. 1997:56 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:68 [ref. 24952]). •Valid as Coryphaenoides carapinus Goode & Bean 1883 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:286 [ref. 22071], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:460 [ref. 25637], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Møller et al. 2010:36 [ref. 31169], Afonso et al. 2016:29, 135 [ref. 36199], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585], Vieira et al. 2016:[5] [ref. 34869] as cf. carapinus, Carneiro et al. 2019:133 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides carapinus Goode & Bean 1883. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Atlantic; southern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

caribbaeus, Macrurus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1885:594 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 8 (no. 543); ref. 1842] Gulf of Mexico, 29°07'30"N, 88°08'00"W, Albatross station 2377, depth 210 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 37333. Paratypes: (16) ANSP 114097 (1), USNM 44668 (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:126 [ref. 13621]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Caelorinchus caribbaeus (Goode & Bean 1885) -- (Boschung 1992:75 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:774 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:60 [ref. 27192], Moore et al. 2003:208 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:92 [ref. 27807], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2005:174 [ref. 28938], Costa & Mincarone 2010:354 [ref. 37483]). •Valid as Coelorinchus caribbaeus (Goode & Bean 1885) -- (Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:214 [ref. 14275], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:151 [ref. 18936], Melo et al. 2010:31 [ref. 30775], Page et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus caribbaeus (Goode & Bean 1885). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico to southern Brazil. Habitat: marine.

carinatus, Coryphaenoides Günther [A.] 1878:28 [12] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Near Prince Edward Island, Challenger station 145A, depth 310 farhoms [567 meters]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.89. On p. 12 of separate. See also Günther 1887:137, Pl. 33 (fig. A) [ref. 2013]. See Iwamoto et al. 2004:202 [ref. 27643]. •Synonym of Macrourus holotrachys Günther 1878 -- (Iwamoto 1986:336 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto 1990:202 [ref. 21688]). •Valid as Macrourus carinatus (Günther 1878) -- (Trunov & Konstantinov 1986:131 [ref. 24541], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:129 [ref. 24556], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:236 [ref. 18936], Trunov & Konstantinov 1990:50 [ref. 22872], Ruiz R. & Oyarzún G. 1993:58 [ref. 22359], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:ix [ref. 21953], Olaso et al. 1997:83 [ref. 25009], Duhamel et al. 2005:258 [ref. 32059], Bray et al. 2006:599 [ref. 29065], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], McMillan et al. 2012:12 [ref. 31767], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:814 [ref. 34263], Nión et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Macrourus carinatus (Günther 1878). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal in temperate to Subantarctic waters of all oceans. Habitat: marine.

carinifer, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:490, Fig. 19 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] China Sea off southern Luzon Island, Philippines, Albatross station 5111, depth 236 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 78223. •Valid as Caelorinchus carinifer Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Coelorinchus carinifer Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:137 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus carinifer Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

carminatus, Macrurus Goode [G. B.] 1880:346 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 165); ref. 1834] Off northeastern U.S.A., 40°02'54"N, 70°23'40"W, Fish Hawk station 871, depth 115 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 26001 [not 26007] lost. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Synonym of Coelorhynchus coelorhynchus [sic] (Risso 1810) -- (Marshall 1973:293 [ref. 7194]). •Synonym of Coelorinchus coelorhincus (Risso 1810), but a valid subspecies carminatus (Goode 1880) -- (Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:215 [ref. 14275], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:656 [ref. 13676] as Coelorhynchus coelorhynchus, McAllister 1990:122 [ref. 14674] as Coelorhinchus coelorhynchus, Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:212 [ref. 26158] as Caelorinchus caelorhincus and a valid subspecies, Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2005:176 [ref. 28938]). •Valid as Caelorinchus carminatus (Goode 1880) -- (Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:60 [ref. 27192]). •Synonym of Coelorinchus caelorinchus (Risso 1810). •Valid as Coelorinchus aff. carminatus -- (Melo et al. 2010:32 [ref. 30775]). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Risso 1810). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

carminifer, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:204, Pl. 46 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] South of Gulf of Panama, 7°06'15"-7°30'36"N, 78°39'-80°50'W, Albatross stations 3353, 3354, 3393 and 3395, depth 322-1020 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28582 (3 or 1), USNM 57860 (1). Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Coryphaenoides carminifer (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:42 [ref. 6228], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125] as carminatus, Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:206 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1263 [ref. 22830], Pequeño 1997:81 [ref. 23536], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], Robertson et al. 2017:54 [ref. 35676]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides carminifer (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Nicaragua to northern Peru, including Cocos Island. Habitat: marine.

castaneus, Coryphaenoides Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1995:291, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 48 (no. 14); ref. 22071] Ninety-Degree East Ridge, 14°42.4'S, 86°49.4'E, depth 1760 meters. Holotype: CAS 71486. Paratypes: ZMMU P-19259-60 (1, 1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:57-58 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides castaneus Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995 -- (Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:287 [ref. 22071], Mundy 2005:251 [ref. 28379], Nakayama & Endo 2016:[2] [ref. 34404]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides castaneus Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

caudani, Macrurus Köhler [R.] 1896:500, Pls. 26 (fig. 3), 27 (fig. 9) [Annales de l'Université de Lyon. Paris [etc.] v. 26; ref. 14612] Bay of Biscay, west of France, 45°57'N, 6°21'W [or 5°01'W], station 4, depth 1410 meters. Holotype (unique): UCBL Z001-1225. Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:229 [ref. 24244]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Caelorinchus caudani (Köhler 1896) -- (Bailly 1997:1193 [ref. 23464], Bailly et al. 1999:229 [ref. 24244]). •Valid as Coelorinchus caudani (Köhler 1896). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus caudani (Köhler 1896). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

cavernosus, Bathygadus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1885:598 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 8 (no. 543); ref. 1842] Gulf of Mexico, 28°45'N, 86°26'W, Albatross station 2398, depth 227 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 37337. •Synonym of Hymenocephalus italicus Giglioli 1884 -- (Marshall 1973:289 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer 1990:553 [ref. 16195], Schwarzhans 2014:55 [ref. 44586]). Current status: Synonym of Hymenocephalus italicus Giglioli 1884. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

celaenostoma, Caelorinchus McMillan [P. J.] & Paulin [C. D.] 1993:821, Fig. 2 [Copeia 1993 (no. 3); ref. 21005] Challenger Plateau, 37°43.1-42.6'S, 169°10.4-12.1'E, depth 797-830 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.22582. Paratypes: NMNZ P.10358 (7), 11274 (1), 11519 (2), 15127 (1), 21030 (1), 22583-86 (4), 22587 (1), 22588-89 (2), 22590-91 (2), 22592-93 (2), 22618-19 (2), 22620-22 (1, 1, 1), 22623-26 (4), 22630-31 (2), 22634-40 (7), 22627-29 (3). •Valid as Caelorinchus celaenostomus McMillan & Paulin 1993 -- (Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:490 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:743 [ref. 25037], McMillan & Iwamoto 2009:44 [ref. 30414], Fricke et al. 2011:363 [ref. 31242], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:771 [ref. 34263], Nakayama et al. 2015:[11] [ref. 35271]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus celaenostomus McMillan & Paulin 1993. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

cetonuropsis, Lionurus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1916:202, Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 51 (no. 2149); ref. 1636] Off eastern coast of Hondo, Japan, 34°N, 137°49'40"E, Albatross station 5084, depth 918 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 76869. Paratypes: (1). •Valid as Pseudonezumia cetonuropsis (Gilbert & Hubbs 1916) -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:95 [ref. 6441], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:208 [ref. 23875], Nakabo 2000:420 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:306 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:420 [ref. 26001], Iwamoto et al. 2015:99 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Pseudonezumia cetonuropsis (Gilbert & Hubbs 1916). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

charius, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:132, Fig. 9 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] Off Shark Bay, Western Australia, depth 610-612 meters. Holotype: AMS I.31166-005. Paratypes: AMS I.31166-010 (6); CSIRO H 1492-14 (1), H 1514-34 (5), H 2554-10 (1), H 2557-05 (3), H 2573-16 (4); NTM S.12591-017 (1). •Valid as Caelorinchus charius Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:585 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus charius Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus charius Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

chilensis, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Thompson [W. F.] in Thompson 1916:473, Pl. 6 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 50 (no. 2133); ref. 4391] Off Lota, Chile, 38°08'S, 75°53'W, Albatross station 2791, depth 677 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 76861. Paratypes: ANSP 114101 (1), BMNH [ex USNM 76889] (1), CAS-SU 22726 (7), USNM 76889 (orig. 11, now 10), 76890 (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:56 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:126 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Coelorinchus chilensis Gilbert & Thompson 1916 -- (Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:130 [ref. 14235], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:152 [ref. 18936], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:235 [ref. 24555]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus chilensis Gilbert & Thompson 1916. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cinereus, Macrurus Gilbert [C. H.] 1896:457 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 19 (for 1893) (art. 6); ref. 1628] North of Unalaska, Albatross stations 3307 and 3329, depth 399-1033 fathoms; south of Ookamok Island, Albatross station 3340, depth 695 fathoms. Syntypes: (numerous) CAS-SU 3084 (3), MNHN 1896-0411 (1), USNM 48577 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:58 [ref. 12291], Bailly et al. 1999:229 [ref. 24244]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Coryphaenoides cinereus (Gilbert 1896) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:20 [ref. 7509], Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:111, 194, 249, 324 [ref. 8379], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:96 [ref. 6441], see Peden et al. 1985:10 [ref. 24081], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:207 [ref. 18936], McAllister 1990:122 [ref. 14674], Endo et al. 1993:222 [ref. 21797], Shinohara et al. 1996:169 [ref. 26605], Bailly et al. 1999:229 [ref. 24244], Hoff 1999:113 [ref. 24458], Nakabo 2000:428 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:278 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:428 [ref. 26001], Fedorov et al. 2003:51 [ref. 27579], Parin et al. 2014:166 [ref. 33547], Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015:377 [ref. 33958], Burton & Lea 2019:49 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides cinereus (Gilbert 1896). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Pacific and Bering Sea. Habitat: marine.

cingulatus, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:480, Fig. 15 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] China Sea, near Taiwan, Albatross station 5317, depth 230 fathoms [421 meters]. Holotype: USNM 78221. Paratypes: USNM 78233 (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:36 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Caelorinchus cingulatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:493 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Anderson 1999:1081 [ref. 24193], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:744 [ref. 25037], Nakabo 2000:431 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:442 [ref. 25637] as cf. cingulatus, Nakabo 2002:431 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:416 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Coelorinchus cingulatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:229, 366 [ref. 8057], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:137 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto et al. 2009:43 [ref. 30612], Ho & Shao 2011:36 [ref. 31432], Iwamoto et al. 2015:52 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus cingulatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific, Japan, East Coast of Australia and around New Caledonia, Vanuatu and Loyalty Island. Habitat: marine.

clarki, Bogoslovius Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Evermann 1898:2575 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2445] Off Bogoslof Island, Bering Sea, 54°51'00"N, 167°27'00"W, Albatross station 3634, depth 664 fathoms. Syntypes: CAS-SU 5748 (2); USNM 48799 (1), 126963 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:56 [ref. 12291]. Also appeared in Jordan & Gilbert 1899:486 [ref. 2478]. •Synonym of Coryphaenoides longifilis Günther 1877 -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:25 [ref. 7509], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:211 [ref. 18936], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:273 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2014:166 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides longifilis Günther 1877. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

cliveri, Nezumia Iwamoto [T.] & Merrett [N. R.] 1997:539, Fig. 28c [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 176; ref. 23710] Loyalty Ridge, Seamount K, south of New Caledonia, 24°41.70'S, 170°06.82'E, depth 815-820 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1996-0365 [ex NMNZ P.27466]. Paratypes: CAS 90751 (1). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:233 [ref. 24244]. •Valid as Nezumia cliveri Iwamoto & Merrett 1997 -- (Bailly et al. 1999:233 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761] as oliveri, Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:772 [ref. 25037], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia cliveri Iwamoto & Merrett 1997. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

coheni, Nezumia Iwamoto [T.] & Merrett [N. R.] 1997:540, Fig. 28b [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 176; ref. 23710] New Caledonia, 23°11.88'S, 167°11.30'E, depth 710 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1996-0960. Paratypes: AMS I.21724-026 (2), I.24173-006 (1), I.24993-007 (4), I.25127-002 (1), I.25264-003 (3), I.29340-007 (1), I.29741-004 (1), I.29751-002 (2), I.29754-002 (1), I.29823-013 (2); BMNH 1887.12.7.75 (1); CAS 90614 (1), 90668 (1). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:233 [ref. 24244]. •Valid as Nezumia coheni Iwamoto & Merrett 1997 -- (Bailly et al. 1999:233 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:772 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:487 [ref. 25637], Bray et al. 2006:601 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:344 [ref. 30636], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:819 [ref. 34263], Iwamoto et al. 2015:95 [ref. 35408] as cf. coheni). Current status: Valid as Nezumia coheni Iwamoto & Merrett 1997. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Taiwan for cf. coheni. Habitat: marine.

colletti, Gadomus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Starks 1904:603, Fig. [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 2526] Suruga Bay, Japan, depth 207-250 fathoms [379-457 meters]. Holotype (unique): USNM 50930. See Iwamoto & Williams 1999:117 [ref. 23875]. •Valid as Gadomus colletti Jordan & Gilbert 1904 -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:141, 345 [ref. 8256], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:93 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:195, 356 [ref. 8057], Howes & Crimmen 1990:199 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:97 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:417 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:425 [ref. 25637] as cf. colletti, Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847] as cf. colletti, Shinohara et al. 2001:305 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:417 [ref. 26001], Chiou et al. 2004:43 [ref. 27691], Shinohara et al. 2005:417 [ref. 28370], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:832 [ref. 34263] as cf. colletti, Iwamoto et al. 2015:41 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Gadomus colletti Jordan & Gilbert 1904. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific, Japan to Taiwan. Australia and New Zealand region (cf. colletti). Habitat: marine.

colon, Coryphaenoides Marshall [N. B.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1973:578, Fig. 23 [Memoirs of the Sears Foundation of Marine Research Mem. 1 (pt 6); ref. 6966] Gulf of Mexico off the Mississippi Delta, 29°04'N, 88°3.5'W, depth 500 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 198186. Paratypes: (6) MCZ 43068 (2). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides zaniophorus (Vaillant 1888) -- (Geistdoerfer 1990:552 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:221 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides zaniophorus (Vaillant 1888). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

commutabilis, Coelorhynchus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:128, Pl. 29 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Palawan Passage, 10°57'45"N, 118°38'15"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5348, depth 375 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 72945. Paratypes: (18) USNM 148890-91 (2, 1), 148911-12 (4, 1), 149462-63 (1, 1), 149505-06 (1, 1). First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Caelorinchus commutabilis Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Coelorinchus commutabilis Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus commutabilis Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

condylura, Nezumia Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Starks 1904:620, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 2526] Suruga Bay, Japan, depth 207-257 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 50937. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8551 (?) not present in 1997. Possible synonym of Nezumia propinqua (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Iwamoto 1986:339 [ref. 5674]). •Valid as Nezumia condylura Jordan & Gilbert 1904 -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:161, 350 [ref. 8256], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:95 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:215, 362 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:269 [ref. 18936], Shinohara et al. 1996:170 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:425 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:306 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:425 [ref. 26001], Chiou et al. 2004:45 [ref. 27691], Shinohara et al. 2005:418 [ref. 28370], Motomura et al. 2010:77 [ref. 31256], Iwamoto et al. 2015:91 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia condylura Jordan & Gilbert 1904. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan, East China Sea, South China Sea and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

convergens, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:210, Pl. 48 (figs. 1-1b) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off (Pacific) Panama, 6°35'-7°15'N, 79°36'-81°44'W, Albatross stations 3353, 3357 and 3393, depth 695-1020 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28573 (?), 28574 (?). Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Nezumia convergens (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto 1979:171 [ref. 2311], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:270 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1264 [ref. 22830], Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:237, 238 [ref. 24555], Iwamoto & McCosker 2001:27 [ref. 25777], Wilson 2001:32 [ref. 25944], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957], Jawad & Al-Mamry 2012:2 [ref. 31773], Robertson et al. 2017:55 [ref. 35676]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia convergens (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Chile, including Cocos and Galapagos islands. Habitat: marine.

cookianus, Coelorhynchus (Oxymacrurus) McCann [C.] & McKnight [D. G.] 1980:82, Figs. 65-67 [New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir 61; ref. 2922] New Zealand, 38°46'S, 178°48'E, depth 913-750 meters. Holotype: NZOI 195. Paratypes: NZOI P271 (1), P272 (2), P273 (1). •Valid as Caelorinchus cookianus McCann & McKnight 1980 -- (McMillan & Paulin 1993:838 [ref. 21005], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:129 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto et al. 2004:199 [ref. 27643]). •Valid as Coelorinchus cookianus McCann & McKnight 1980 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:127 [ref. 24556], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:137 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Graham 2008:142 [ref. 29641], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:772 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus cookianus McCann & McKnight 1980. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

cottoides, Bathygadus Günther [A.] 1878:23 [7] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Deep sea between New Zealand and Kermadec Islands, Challenger station 169-171, depth 520-700 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1887.12.7.139 (1), 1887.12.7.144-145 (2), 1887.12.7.140-143 (4, now 3); MNHN 1890-0130 (1); NMI block reg. no. 114.1899 (1, poor condition), ZIN 11738 (1). Type catalog: Wheeler & O'Riordan 1969:95 [ref. 20752], Bailly et al. 1999:223 [ref. 24244], Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:151 [ref. 33662]. On p. 7 of separate. See also Günther 1887:154, Pl. 42 (fig. A) [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Bathygadus cottoides Günther 1878 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:324 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:124 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Howes & Crimmen 1990:189 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:94 [ref. 18936], Okamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:181 [ref. 16024], Gomon et al. 1994:344 [ref. 22532], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:479 [ref. 23710], see Iwamoto & Williams 1999:116 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1994 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:739 [ref. 25037], Pakhorukov 2001:378 [ref. 25409], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:421 [ref. 25637], Iwamoto et al. 2004:192 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:583 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:318 [ref. 30636], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:110 [ref. 36167], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:829 [ref. 34263], Williams et al. 2018:99 [ref. 36359]). Current status: Valid as Bathygadus cottoides Günther 1878. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic to southwestern Pacific, Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

crassiceps, Coryphaenoides Günther [A.] 1878:25 [9] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] North of Kermadec Islands, southwestern Pacific, Challenger station 170 and 171, depth 520-650 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1887.12.7.107 (1), 1887.12.7.108 (1). On p. 9 of separate. See also Günther 1887:143, Pl. 37 [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Cetonurus crassiceps (Günther 1878) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:324 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:128 [ref. 24556], Pequeño 1997:81 [ref. 23536], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:169 [ref. 23875], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:752 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Pakhorukov 2001:378 [ref. 25409], Mundy 2005:250 [ref. 28379], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:110 [ref. 36167], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:765 [ref. 34263], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Valid as Cetonurus crassiceps (Günther 1878). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Atlantic; Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cristatus, Mataeocephalus Sazonov [Yu. I.], Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] & Iwamoto [T.] 2003:290, Figs. 3-4 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 54 (no. 17); ref. 27176] Western Indian Ocean, Ninety East Ridge, 11°31'S, 88°55'E, depth 1600-1700 meters. Holotype: ZMMSU P-15345. Paratypes: CAS 38331 (1), 82136 (2); ZMMSU P-15346 (1), 15347 (1), 15350-54 (1, 1, 5, 1, 1), 19489-91 (1, 1, 3). •Valid as Mataeocephalus cristatus Sazonov, Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 2003 -- (Iwamoto & McCosker 2014:281 [ref. 33298], Iwamoto et al. 2015:88 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Mataeocephalus cristatus Sazonov, Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 2003. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean and western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ctenomelas, Chalinura Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] 1897:430, Pl. 45 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1114); ref. 1635] Off Hawaiian Islands, 21°N, 157°W, Albatross station 3470 and 3472, depth 343 and 295 fathoms. Syntypes: CAS-SU 5043 (3); USNM 47704 (1), 47713 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:56 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Ventrifossa ctenomelas (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Iwamoto 1979:152 [ref. 2311], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:297 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:228 [ref. 23875], Mundy 2005:256 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa ctenomelas (Gilbert & Cramer 1897). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

cuspidatus, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:209 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Gulf of California, Mexico, 27°34'N, 110°53'40"W, Albatross station 3436, depth 905 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28575. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Synonym of Nezumia convergens (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto 1979:171 [ref. 2311], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:270 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Nezumia convergens (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

cyclolepis, Nematonurus Gilbert [C. H.] 1896:458 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 19 (for 1893) (art. 6); ref. 1628] Off Queen Charlotte Island, 52°39.5'N, 132°38'W, British Columbia, Canada, Albatross station 3342, depth 1588 fathoms. Syntypes: CAS-SU 3090 (1), USNM 48585 (1). •Synonym of Nematonurus armatus (Hector 1875) -- (Geistdoerfer 1990:556 [ref. 16195]). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides armatus (Hector 1875) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:27 [ref. 7509], Iwamoto 1990:195 [ref. 21688], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:205 [ref. 18936], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:275 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides armatus (Hector 1875). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

cylindricus, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Merrett [N. R.] 1997:495, Fig. 9 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 176; ref. 23710] Norfolk Ridge, seamount B, southeast of New Caledonia, 24°52.7'S, 168°21.8'E, depth 550-920 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1996-0364. Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:224 [ref. 24244]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus cylindricus Iwamoto & Merrett 1997 -- (Bailly et al. 1999:224 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:744 [ref. 25037], Chiou et al. 2004:303 [ref. 27687], Iwamoto et al. 2009:43 [ref. 30612]). •Valid as Coelorinchus cylindricus Iwamoto & Merrett 1997 -- (Fricke et al. 2011:363 [ref. 31242], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:773 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus cylindricus Iwamoto & Merrett 1997. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

cyrano, Nezumia Marshall [N. B.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1973:628, Figs. 40, 41c [Memoirs of the Sears Foundation of Marine Research Mem. 1 (pt 6); ref. 6966] Caribbean Sea, Oregon station 3586, 9°20'N, 81°24'W, depth 470-500 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 198184. Paratypes: (12) MCZ 43063 (4); USNM 205876 (4). Additional material: (13) USNM 45738 (1), 205883 (1). •Valid as Nezumia cyrano Marshall & Iwamoto 1973 -- (Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:219 [ref. 14275], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Boschung 1992:75 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:791 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Moore et al. 2003:211 [ref. 27076]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia cyrano Marshall & Iwamoto 1973. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

darus, Lionurus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1916:197, Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 51 (no. 2149); ref. 1636] Suruga Gulf, 35°06'N, 138°40'10"E, Hondo, Japan, Albatross station 5060, depth 197 fathoms [360 meters]. Holotype (unique): USNM 76867. Misspelled durus in caption to Pl. 10. Name "from "Dara," the Japanese name of certain macrouroid fishes." -- perhaps name should not decline. •Valid as Nezumia darus (Gilbert & Hubbs 1916) -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:161, 349 [ref. 8256], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:95 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:217, 363 [ref. 8057], Nakabo 2000:424 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:306 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:424 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:418 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Kuronezumia dara (Gilbert & Hubbs 1916) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev et al. 1992:100 [ref. 20586], Iwamoto et al. 2015:82 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Kuronezumia dara (Gilbert & Hubbs 1916). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

decimalis, Lionurus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:560, Fig. 40 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Palawan Passage, Philippines, Albatross station 5348, depth 375 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 82668. Paratypes: USNM 82667 (1). •Valid as Sphagemacrurus decimalis (Gilbert & Hubbs 1920) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:288 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122]). Current status: Valid as Sphagemacrurus decimalis (Gilbert & Hubbs 1920). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

delsolari, Coryphaenoides Chirichigno F. [N.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1977:520, Figs. 1-3 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 89 (no. 45); ref. 7240] Off Ecuador, 3°15'S, 80°55'W, depth 945-960 meters. Holotype: USNM 215278. Paratypes: AMNH 7514 (1); CAS 28765-67 (1, 1, 1), 34288-92 (1, 8, 4, 2, 6); IMARPE (8 lots, 11); LACM 33876-1 (2), MCZ 51524 (1); USNM 135922 (1), 150187 (1). •Valid as Coryphaenoides delsolari Chirichigno F. & Iwamoto 1977 -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:66 [ref. 6228], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:209 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1263 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:236 [ref. 24555], Iwamoto & McCosker 2001:27 [ref. 25777], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides delsolari Chirichigno F. & Iwamoto 1977. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

denticulatus, Coelorhynchus Regan [C. T.] 1921:415 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 7 (no. 41); ref. 3672] 15-20 miles off River Umvoti, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 120-130 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1921.3.1.9. •Valid as Caelorinchus denticulatus Regan 1921 -- (Iwamoto & Williams 1999:155 [ref. 23875]). •Valid as Coelorinchus denticulatus Regan 1921 -- (Iwamoto 1986:333 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:155 [ref. 18936], Fricke et al. 2018:80 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus denticulatus Regan 1921. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South and East Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

denticulatus, Gadomus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:393, Fig. 3 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Philippines, off northern Mindanao, Albatross station 5505, depth 220 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 78207. Paratypes: USNM 78207 (2), 148977-83 (1 each), 148984-85 (2, 2). •Valid as Gadomus denticulatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:141 [ref. 8256], Howes & Crimmen 1990:197 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:97 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:119 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1994 [ref. 24761]). Current status: Valid as Gadomus denticulatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

denticulatus, Lepidorhynchus Richardson [J.] 1846:53, Pl. 32 (figs. 1-3) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Coast of South Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1845.11.21.6 (dry). Originally published as Macrourus, vel Lepidorhynchus denticulatus. •Valid as Lepidorhynchus denticulatus Richardson 1846 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:328 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:124 [ref. 24556], Okamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:186 [ref. 16024], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:232 [ref. 18936], Gomon et al. 1994:358 [ref. 22532], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:183 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:479 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Iwamoto 2005:23 [ref. 28202], Bray et al. 2006:597 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:340 [ref. 30636], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:111 [ref. 36167], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:812 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Lepidorhynchus denticulatus Richardson 1846. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: southern Australia, New Zealand, Kermadec Islands; central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

denticulatus, Macrourus Richardson [J.] 1846:53 [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] See Lepidorhynchus denticulatus. Current status: Synonym of Lepidorhynchus denticulatus Richardson 1846. Macrouridae: Macrourinae.

dentoni, Kumba Marshall [N. B.] 1973:617, Fig. 36 [Memoirs of the Sears Foundation of Marine Research Mem. 1 (pt 6); ref. 6965] Bay of Biscay, 47°37'N, 7°29'W, depth 660 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1961.1.30.6. •Valid as Kumba dentoni Marshall 1973 -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1994:228 [ref. 21459], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:808 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Kumba dentoni Marshall 1973. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Bay of Biscay (eastern North Atlantic) and Kermadec Ridge (South Pacific). Habitat: marine.

dictyogadus, Spicomacrurus Iwamoto [T.], Shao [K.-T.] & Ho [H.-C.] 2011:518, Fig. 2A-D [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 87 (no. 3); ref. 31434] Vanuatu, Coral Sea, 16°18'00"S, 167°46'59"E, depth 657-685 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 2009-1455. •Valid as Spicomacrurus dictyogadus Iwamoto, Shao & Ho 2011 -- (Schwarzhans 2014:20 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Valid as Spicomacrurus dictyogadus Iwamoto, Shao & Ho 2011. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Coral Sea (holotype). Habitat: marine.

dispar, Hymenocephalus Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:221, Pl. 24 (fig. 1) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Off Morocco, 33°43'N, 9°02'W, station 20, depth 1105 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1986-0551. Type information: Bauchot et al. 1972:662 [ref. 11384], Bailly et al. 1999:227 [ref. 24244]. •Valid as Gadomus dispar (Vaillant 1888) -- (Marshall 1973:289 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:647 [ref. 13676], Howes & Crimmen 1990:193 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:97 [ref. 18936], Marques & Saldanha 1998:287 [ref. 23580], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:770 [ref. 23897], Bailly et al. 1999:227 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 2003:990 [ref. 27010], Moore et al. 2003:210 [ref. 27076], Bañón et al. 2013:556 [ref. 33016], Bañón et al. 2016:314 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto 2016:1961 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:135 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Gadomus dispar (Vaillant 1888). Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

divergens, Coelorinchus Okamura [O.] & Yatou [T.] in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:237, Pl. 169 [Fishes of the Okinawa Trough and the adjacent waters; ref. 8057] Okinawa Trough, 29°47.1'N, 128°26.8'E, depth 1000 meters. Holotype: BSKU 26865. Paratypes: BSKU 33464 (1). •Valid as Caelorinchus divergens Okamura & Yatou 1984 -- (Nakabo 2000:432 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:432 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:416 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Coelorinchus divergens Okamura & Yatou 1984 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:137 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto et al. 2015:53 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus divergens Okamura & Yatou 1984. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific, East China Sea, Taiwan and South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

divergens, Ventrifossa Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:549, Fig. 37 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Near Sibuko Bay, Borneo, 4°12'44"N, 118°27'44"E, Albatross station 5592, depth 305 fathoms [558 meters]. Holotype: USNM 78230. Paratypes: (59) USNM 113235 (1), 148975 (3), 148988 (1), 149361 (11), 149363 (5), 149459 (3), 150400 (1). •Questionably valid -- (Iwamoto 1986:340 [ref. 5674]). •Valid as Ventrifossa divergens Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto 1979:152 [ref. 2311], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:299 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Chiou et al. 2004:46 [ref. 27691], Iwamoto et al. 2015:107 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa divergens Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Hong Kong, Philippines, Borneo and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

dorsalis, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:469, Fig. 13 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Philippines, off northern Luzon Island, Albatross station 5329, depth 212 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 78219. Paratypes: USNM 78232 (1). •Valid as Caelorinchus dorsalis Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Coelorinchus dorsalis Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:137 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus dorsalis Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

dorsalis, Macrurus Gill [T. N.] & Townsend [C. H.] 1897:233 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 11; ref. 1749] Bering Sea, southwest of Pribilof Islands, 54°54'N, 168°59'W, Albatross station 3604, depth 1401 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 48768. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Synonym of Coryphaenoides filifer (Gilbert 1896) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:17 [ref. 7509], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:279 [ref. 25968]). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides filiferus (Gilbert 1896). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides filiferus (Gilbert 1896). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

doryssus, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:675, Pl. 94 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Kaiwi Channel, off southern Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4109, depth 442-449 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51616. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8634 (2), USNM 51661 (3) Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:56 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Caelorinchus doryssus Gilbert 1905 -- (Mundy 2005:249 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Coelorinchus doryssus Gilbert 1905 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:137 [ref. 18936], McMillan & Iwamoto 2009:49 [ref. 30414]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus doryssus Gilbert 1905. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

dossenus, Coryphaenoides McMillan [P. J.] 1999:482, Figs. 1-2 [New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 33; ref. 23975] Challenger Plateau, 41°2.0'S, 169°30.3'E, depth 908-910 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.31686. Paratypes: AMS (1 lot), BMNH 1999.1.28.1(1), CAS (1 lot), MNHN (1 lot) NMNZ (39 lots), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] (1 lot); plus non-type material. •Valid as Coryphaenoides dossenus McMillan 1999 -- (Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:754 [ref. 25037], Trunov 2001:28 [ref. 25195], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:460 [ref. 25637], Iwamoto et al. 2004:197 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:592 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:335 [ref. 30636], Fricke et al. 2011:363 [ref. 31242], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:791 [ref. 34263], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides dossenus McMillan 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

dubiosus, Bathygadus Weber [M.] 1913:173, 672, Pl. 5 (fig. 5) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Arafura Sea, 3°37.7'S, 131°26.4'E, Siboga station 170, depth 924 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMA 114896. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:66 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Bathygadus cottoides Günther 1878 -- (Howes & Crimmen 1990:189 [ref. 15692]). •Valid as Bathygadus dubiosus Weber 1913 -- (Iwamoto 1999:1994 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:318 [ref. 30636]). Current status: Valid as Bathygadus dubiosus Weber 1913. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

dubius, Macrourus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:117, Pl. 25 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Iligan Bay, Mindanao, 8°15'20"N, 123°57'00"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5511, depth 410 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 72934. First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Coryphaenoides dubius (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], McMillan 1999:486 [ref. 23975], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides dubius (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

duodecim, Nezumia Iwamoto [T.] 1970:393, Figs. 17b, 20b, 21b, 22, 23 [Studies in Tropical Oceanography (Miami) No. 4 (pt 2); ref. 18329] Off Congo, Gulf of Guinea, 4°40'S, 11°00'E, Geronimo station 249, depth 951 meters. Holotype: USNM 202770. Paratypes: UF 19331 [ex TABL 102026] (7), 19332 [ex TABL 102027] (4), 215150 [ex UMML 15150] (24), 223677 [ex UMML 23677] (6), 224217 [ex UMML 24217] (6), 224299 [ex UMML 24299] (2); USNM 202769 (7), 208565 [ex TABL 102037] (9). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:112 [ref. 21035]. •Valid as Nezumia duodecim Iwamoto 1970 -- (Geistdoerfer 1990:559 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:271 [ref. 18936], Pakhorukov 1999:657 [ref. 24883], Iwamoto 2016:1989 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia duodecim Iwamoto 1970. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

ectenes, Macrourus Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] 1897:423, Pl. 44 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1114); ref. 1635] Off Hawaiian Islands, 21°15'N, 157°30'W, Albatross station 3473, depth 313 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 47718. •Valid as Nezumia ectenes (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Mundy 2005:254 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia ectenes (Gilbert & Cramer 1897). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

entomelas, Bathygadus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:386, Fig. 2 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Molucca Passage, East Indies, Albatross station 5619, depth 435 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 78211. •Valid as Bathygadus entomelas Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Howes & Crimmen 1990:190 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:94 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 1999:1994 [ref. 24761]). Current status: Valid as Bathygadus entomelas Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

euabyssalis, Lionurus carapinus Nybelin [O.] 1957:273, Figs. 8-10; Pl. 4 (figs. 1-4) [Reports of the Swedish Deep-Sea Expedition 1947-1948 v. 2 (Zool.) (fasc. 3) (art. 20); ref. 3235] North Atlantic, 1°11'N, 18°48'W to 0°58'N, 18°37'W, station 342, depth 5250-5300 meters. Holotype: not researched. Paratypes: (1 + 1 + 5). Holotype established in material examined. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

europaea, Chalinura murrayi Nybelin [O.] 1948:61, Fig. 6; Pl. 4 (figs. 1-2) [Göteborgs Kungliga Vetenskaps-och Vitterhets-Samhälles Handlingar (Ser. 6 B) v. 121 (Ser. 6B, v. 5)(no. 16); ref. 12967] Northeastern Atlantic, 35°43'N, 8°16'W, depth 2013 meters. Holotype: largest specimen. Paratypes: (14). •Synonym of Chalinura mediterranea Giglioli 1893 -- (Marshall 1973:298 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:653 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:547 [ref. 16195]). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides mediterraneus (Giglioli 1893). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides mediterraneus (Giglioli 1893). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

evides, Lionurus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:557, Fig. 39 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Vicinity of Sibuko Bay, Borneo, Albatross station 5589, 4°12'10"N, 118°38'08"E, depth 260 fathoms [475 meters]. Holotype: USNM 78231. Paratypes: (7). •Possible synonym of Nezumia propinqua (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Iwamoto 1986:339 [ref. 5674]). •Valid as Nezumia evides (Gilbert & Hubbs 1920) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:201 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto et al. 2015:92 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia evides (Gilbert & Hubbs 1920). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Taiwan, Philippines and Molucca Sea. Habitat: marine.

fabricii, Macrourus Sundevall [C. J.] 1842:6 [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm Series 3, v. 28 (for 1840); ref. 18861] Hammerfest, northern Norway. Syntypes: NRM 37967 (skin dry mounted). •Synonym of Macrourus berglax Lacepède 1801 -- (Marshall 1973:296 [ref. 7194], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:235 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Macrourus berglax Lacepède 1801. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

farrani, Nematonurus Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1935:321, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy Section B Biological Geological and Chemical Science v. 42; ref. 1491] Irish Atlantic Slope, 52°35'N, 13°03'W, depth 210-290 fathoms. Holotype: BMNH 1934.8.8.45-49 (largest spec.). Paratypes: BMNH 1934.8.8.45-49 (4 of 5). •Synonym of Lionurus carapinus (Goode & Bean 1883) -- (Marshall 1973:298 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer 1990:554 [ref. 16195]). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides carapinus Goode & Bean 1883. Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides carapinus Goode & Bean 1883. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Macrurus Weber [M.] 1913:157 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Madura Sea, 7°15'S, 115°15.6'E, Siboga station 12, depth 289 m; Arafura Sea, 5°28.4'S, 132°00.2'E, station 251, depth 204 meters. Syntypes: ZMA 110451-52 (1, 2). Type information: Nijssen et al. 1982:66 [ref. 19236]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Macrurus fasciatus Günther 1878. However, in the original description Weber used two names: M. fasciatus (pasted over with vittatus on p. 157) and vittatus on Pl. 1 (fig. 5) and on p. 618; the name fasciatus was used in the index (p. 685, 694). The original on p. 157 at the California Academy of Sciences has strip with vittatus typewritten in the same style as the genus and glued over fasciatus on p. 157. Gilbert & Hubbs 1920:559 [ref. 1638] used M. vittatus without mention of fasciatus. Weber & de Beaufort 1929 [ref. 16063] mentioned both species and state (unfortunately) that vittatus is a misprint; technically they serve as first revisers selecting fasciatus over vittatus. This means that Macrurus fasciatus Weber 1913 is preoccupied and is objectively invalid. •Valid as Ventrifossa fasciata (Weber 1913) -- (Iwamoto 1979:153 [ref. 2311], Paxton et al. 1989:329 [ref. 12442], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:296 [ref. 18936]). •Synonym of Lucigadus microlepis (Günther 1878) -- (Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:528 [ref. 23710]). Current status: Synonym of Lucigadus microlepis (Günther 1878). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Macrurus Günther [A.] 1878:24 [8] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Southern extremity of South America, Challenger stations 305, 309, and 311, depth 120-245 fathoms. Syntypes: (8) BMNH 1887.12.7.72 (1), 1887.12.7.73 (1), 1898.12.30.1 (1); MNHN 1890-0126 (1). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:229 [ref. 24244]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. On p. 8 of separate. See also Günther 1887:129, Pl. 28 (fig. A) [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Coelorhynchus fasciatus (Günther 1878) -- (Trunov 1986:23 [ref. 24543], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:128 [ref. 14235], Paulin et al. 1989:127 [ref. 24556], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:78 [ref. 25942], Iwamoto & Graham 2008:142 [ref. 29641]). •Valid as Caelorinchus fasciatus (Günther 1878) -- (McMillan & Paulin 1993:837 [ref. 21005], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:152 [ref. 23875], Bailly et al. 1999:229 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:443 [ref. 25637], Iwamoto et al. 2004:199 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:586 [ref. 29065], Nión et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35565]). •Valid as Coelorinchus fasciatus (Günther 1878) -- (Iwamoto 1986:334 [ref. 5674], Paxton et al. 1989:325 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Arai in Amaoka et al. 1990:174 [ref. 16024], Iwamoto 1990:192 [ref. 21688], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:156 [ref. 18936], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:77 [ref. 22530], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:142 [ref. 25472], López et al. 1996:34 [ref. 23681], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:327 [ref. 30636], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:774 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus fasciatus (Günther 1878). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southern Australia and New Zealand and southern Chile, Argentina and Uruguay. Habitat: marine.

favosus, Bathygadus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1886:160 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 12 (no. 5); ref. 1844] Off Martinique Island, West Indies, Blake station 200 [not 80], depth 472 fathoms. Holotype: MCZ 27974. Paratypes: ?MCZ 27975 (1); USNM 74342 (2), 34909 (1), 34910 (now 1), 34911 (1), 34918 (1), 34920 (1, lost), 44620 (1), 74342 (2). •Valid as Bathygadus favosus Goode & Bean 1886 -- (Marshall 1973:288 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:645 [ref. 13676], Iwamoto 1986:331 [ref. 5674], Geistdoerfer 1990:543 [ref. 16195], Howes & Crimmen 1990:188 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:94 [ref. 18936], Cervigón 1996:145 [ref. 24489], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:766 [ref. 23897], Pakhorukov 1999:657 [ref. 24883], Pakhorukov 2001:378 [ref. 25409], Iwamoto 2003:990 [ref. 27010], Moore et al. 2003:208 [ref. 27076], Iwamoto et al. 2004:192 [ref. 27643], Bañón et al. 2013:553 [ref. 33016], Iwamoto 2016:1961 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:131 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Bathygadus favosus Goode & Bean 1886. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: North Atlantic; southeastern Atlantic to South Africa. Habitat: marine.

fernandezianus, Macrurus Günther [A.] 1887:145, Pl. 38 (fig. B) [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] South of Juan Fernández Islands, Challenger station 300, depth 1375 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.110. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Chalinura fernandezianus (Günther 1887) -- (Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125] with wrong author). •Valid as Coryphaenoides fernandezianus (Günther 1887) -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:77 [ref. 6228], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:462 [ref. 25637] as cf. fernandezianus, Iwamoto et al. 2004:202 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:592 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:334 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:792 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides fernandezianus (Günther 1887). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Juan Fernádez Island and off eastern Australia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

ferrieri, Chalinura Regan [C. T.] 1913:236, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh v. 49 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 3651] Off Coats Land, 71°22'S, 16°34'W, Antarctica, Scotia station 417, depth 1410 fathoms. Holotype (unique): NMSZ 1821,143,356. Type catalog: Herman et al. 1990:3 [ref. 20727]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides ferrieri (Regan 1913) -- (Iwamoto 1990:1957 [ref. 21688], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:287 [ref. 22071], Duhamel et al. 2005:250 [ref. 32059]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides ferrieri (Regan 1913). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southern Ocean. Habitat: marine.

filamentosa, Regania Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:107, Pl. 22 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Near Sipadan Island, 4°10'35"N, 118°37'12"E, Borneo, Albatross station 5587, depth 415 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 72924. Paratypes: (2) CAS-SU 25250 (2), ?USNM 148990 (1). First author is H. M. Smith. •Synonym of Bathygadus cottoides Günther 1878 -- (Howes & Crimmen 1990:189 [ref. 15692]). •Valid as Bathygadus filamentosus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:94 [ref. 18936]). •Valid as Gadomus filamentosus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto 1999:1994 [ref. 24761]). Current status: Valid as Gadomus filamentosus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

filamentosus, Coryphaenoides Okamura [O.] 1970:133, Fig. 53; Pl. 29 [Fauna Japonica. Macrourina (Pisces); ref. 6580] Off Tohoku District, Japan. Holotype: BSKU 14208. Paratypes: BSKU 14209 (1). •Valid as Coryphaenoides filamentosus Okamura 1970 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:96 [ref. 6441], Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:107, 192, 324 [ref. 8379], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:428 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:428 [ref. 26001]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides filamentosus Okamura 1970. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

filamentosus, Krohnius Cocco [A.] 1844:23 [3], Fig. 1 [Giornale del Gabinetto Letterario di Messina Anno 3, Tomo 5; ref. 866] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. On p. 3 of separate. •Synonym of Caelorinchus caelorhinchus (Risso 1810) -- (Tortonese 1970:427 [ref. 21834]). •Synonym of Coelorinchus caelorinchus (Risso 1810). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus caelorinchus (Risso 1810). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

filicauda, Coryphaenoides Günther [A.] 1878:27 [11] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Off Valparaíso, Chile, 33°32'S, 74°43'W, Challenger station 299, depth 3951 meters. Lectotype: BMNH 1887.12.7.96. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1887.12.7.95 (1), 1887.12.7.97 (1); MNHN 1890-0128 [ex BMNH] (1); NMI block reg. no. 114.1899 (2, poor condition); ZIN 11720 [ex BMNH] (1). Type catalog: Wheeler & O'Riordan 1969:95-96 [ref. 20752], Bailly et al. 1999:225 [ref. 24244]. On p. 11 of separate. See also Günther 1887:141, Pl. 34 (fig. B) [ref. 2013]. If the original spelling is regarded as a noun in aposition, then the correct spelling is Coryphaenoides filicauda as originally proposed. •Valid as Macrurus filicauda (Günther 1878) -- (Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Coryphaenoides filicaudus (Günther 1878) -- (Bailly et al. 1999:225 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto et al. 2004:197 [ref. 27643]). •Valid as Coryphaenoides filicauda Günther 1878 -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:77 [ref. 6228], Iwamoto 1990:197 [ref. 21688], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Miller 1993:576 [ref. 21297], Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:286 [ref. 22071], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:463 [ref. 25637], Duhamel et al. 2005:252 [ref. 32059], Bray et al. 2006:592 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:334 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:793 [ref. 34263], Nión et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35565], Williams et al. 2018:99 [ref. 36359]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides filicauda Günther 1878. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

filifera, Chalinura Gilbert [C. H.] 1896:458 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 19 (for 1893) (art. 6); ref. 1628] Off Queen Charlotte Island, British Columbia, Canada, Albatross station 3342, depth 1588 fathoms. Syntypes: (3) USNM 48626 (1). Coryphaenoides is masculine, so correct species spelling is filiferus [thread bearing]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides filiferus (Gilbert 1896) (often seen as filifer) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:17 [ref. 7509], Peden et al. 1985:10 [ref. 24081], Matarese et al. 1989:204 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:122 [ref. 14674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Endo et al. 1994:330 [ref. 22169], Nakabo 2000:426 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:279 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:426 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2014:166 [ref. 33547], Burton & Lea 2019:49 [ref. 37205] as filifer). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides filiferus (Gilbert 1896). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

firmisquamis, Macrurus Gill [T. N.] & Townsend [C. H.] 1897:234 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 11; ref. 1749] Bering Sea, southwest of Pribilof Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 48772. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Synonym of Coryphaenoides acrolepis (Bean 1884) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:13 [ref. 7509], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:202 [ref. 18936], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:277 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2014:165 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides acrolepis (Bean 1884). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

flabellispinnis, Macrurus Alcock [A. W.] 1894:123 [9] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 63 (pt 2); ref. 90] Laccadive Sea, Investigator station 150, 719 fathoms or 13.5 miles north 64° west of Colombo, Sri Lanka, station 151, depth 142-400 fathoms. Holotype: ZSI F13472. Non-type: BMNH 1898.7.13.12 [ex ZSI] (1) Off Malabar. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:138 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:37-38 [ref. 22148] with sta. 151. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Erroneously spelled flabellispinnis in heading, but flabellispinis on p. 126. Figured in Alcock 1895: Pl. 16 (fig. 2, 2a) [ref. 20531] but spelled flabellispinis. •Valid as Caelorinchus flabellispinnis (Alcock 1894) -- (Iwamoto & Anderson 1999:1081 [ref. 24193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Coelorinchus flabellispinis (Alcock 1894) -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:171, 353 [ref. 8256] as Coelorhynchus, Iwamoto 1986:334 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936], Jawad & Al-Mamry 2012:1 [ref. 31773], Psomadakis et al. 2020:320 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus flabellispinis (Alcock 1894). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

flagellicauda, Macrurus Koefoed [E.] 1927:99, Pl. 5 (fig. 8) [Scientific Results of the Michael Sars North Atlantic Deep-Sea Expedition 1910 v. 4 (pt 1); ref. 2650] North Atlantic, 45°26'N, 25°45'W, station 88, depth 3120 meters. Syntypes: ZMUB 3383 (4). Type catalog: Frøiland 1979:148 [ref. 21547]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Paracetonurus flagellicauda (Koefoed 1927) -- (Iwamoto & Orlov 2006:380 [ref. 28712]). •Valid as Pseudonezumia flagellicauda (Koefoed 1927) -- (Iwamoto & Williams 1999:208 [ref. 23875], Carneiro et al. 2019:138 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Pseudonezumia flagellicauda (Koefoed 1927). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Atlantic; southwestern Indian Ocean: Madagascar Plateau. Habitat: marine.

formosanus, Coelorhynchus Okamura [O.] 1963:37, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin of the Misaki Marine Biological Institute, Kyoto University No. 4; ref. 2895] Ta-shi [Daxi], northeastern Taiwan. Holotype: FAKU 35856. Paratypes: FAKU 35857-60 (4). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:36 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Caelorhinchus formosanus Okamura 1963 -- (Nakabo 2000:430 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:430 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:416 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Coelorinchus formosanus Okamura 1963 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:97 [ref. 6441], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:158 [ref. 18936], Kim et al. 2009:112 [ref. 30413], Ho & Shao 2011:36 [ref. 31432], Iwamoto et al. 2015:54 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus formosanus Okamura 1963. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan, Taiwan and Korea. Habitat: marine.

fragilis, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:203, Pl. 46 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off Mariato point; southwestern Malpelo Island, eastern Pacific, 2°-6°N, 82°-83°W, depth 1672-1823 fathoms. Lectotype: MCZ 28586. Paralectotypes: MCZ 28585 (3), USNM 57857 (1). Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Paracetonurus fragilis (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto 1979:147 [ref. 2311]). •Valid as Asthenomacrurus fragilis (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1261 [ref. 22830], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:195 [ref. 28944], Iwamoto & Orlov 2008:126 [ref. 29640]). Current status: Valid as Asthenomacrurus fragilis (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fumosus, Bathygadus Barnard [K. H.] 1925:500 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 15 (no. 86) (art. 56); ref. 12730] Off Cape Point, South Africa, depth 480-810 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1927.12.6.14 [ex SAM] (1); SAM 12441 (2) 12444 (2), 12409 (3), 12513 (1). •Synonym of Gadomus capensis (Gilchrist & von Bonde 1924) -- (Iwamoto 1986:336 [ref. 5674], Howes & Crimmen 1990:194 [ref. 15692]). Current status: Synonym of Gadomus capensis (Gilchrist & von Bonde 1924). Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Habitat: marine.

furvescens, Bathygadus Alcock [A. W.] 1894:128 [14] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 63 (pt 2); ref. 90] Off Maldives, Indian Ocean, 7°05'45"N, 75°04'E, Investigator station 150, depth 719 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F13470. Alcock specimens: BMNH 1896 [or 1898].9.11.2 [ex ZSI] (1) not from type locality. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:137 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:37 [ref. 22148]. On p. 14 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1895: Pl. 16 (fig. 1) [ref. 20532]. •Valid as Gadomus furvescens (Alcock 1894) -- (Howes & Crimmen 1990:195 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto 1999:1994 [ref. 24761], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Bathygadus furvescens Alcock 1894 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:94 [ref. 18936], Adam et al. 1998:9 [ref. 23610], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:422 [ref. 25637], Bray et al. 2006:583 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:318 [ref. 30636], Iwamoto et al. 2015:37 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Bathygadus furvescens Alcock 1894. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives, Indonesia, Philippines, Taiwan and southeast Australia. Habitat: marine.

fusca, Ventrifossa Okamura [O.] in Okamura et al. 1982:153, Pl. 93 [Fishes of the Kyushu-Palau Ridge and Tosa Bay; ref. 8256] Kyushu-Palau Ridge, 27°55'N, 134°39'E, depth 700 meters. Holotype: BSKU 26067. Paratypes: BSKU 26068-69 (1, 1), 26115 (1). •Valid as Ventrifossa fusca Okamura 1982 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:94 [ref. 6441], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:296 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:223 [ref. 23875], Nakabo 2000:422 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:422 [ref. 26001], Jeong et al. 2010:319 [ref. 36293]). •Synonym of Ventrifossa misakia (Jordan & Gilbert 1904) -- (Sazonov & Shcherbachev 1997:546 [ref. 24697], Iwamoto et al. 2015:112 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Synonym of Ventrifossa misakia (Jordan & Gilbert 1904). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

fuscigulus, Coelorinchus Iwamoto [T.], Ho [H.-C.] & Shao [K.-T.] 2009:40, Figs. 1A-E, 2A-B [Zootaxa No. 2326; ref. 30612] Tashi [Daxi], Yilan, northeastern Taiwan, 24.94°N, 121.9°E. Holotype: ASIZP 70169. Paratypes: ASIZP 63193 (1), 63249 (1), 66922 (1), 66973 (1); CAS 224492 [ex. AsizP 63193] (1), 228337 [ex. ASIZP 70168] (1), 228338 [ex. CAS 224583 in part] (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:36 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Coelorinchus fuscigulus Iwamoto, Ho & Shen 2009 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:36 [ref. 31432], Iwamoto et al. 2015:55 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus fuscigulus Iwamoto, Ho & Shao 2009. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Northeastern Taiwan and East China Sea. Habitat: marine.

fuscus, Hymenocephalus McMillan [P. J.] & Iwamoto [T.] 2014:118, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 3856 (no. 1); ref. 33462] Tasman Sea, Wanganella Bank, 30°15'S, 167°23'E to 30°15'S, 167° 24' E, depth 850 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 6181-01. Paratypes: CSIRO, NMNZ. •Valid as Hymenocephalus fuscus McMillan & Iwamoto 2014 -- (McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:804 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus fuscus McMillan & Iwamoto 2014. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

gaesorhynchus, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:136, Fig. 10 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] Northwest of North West Cape, Western Australia, depth 290 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 2548-13. Paratypes: CSIRO H 2548-16 (1). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus gaesorhynchus Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:586 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus gaesorhynchus Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Nakayama et al. 2020:1 [ref. 37407]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus gaesorhynchus Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean off Australia. Habitat: marine.

gagates, Trachonurus Iwamoto [T.] & McMillan [P. J.] 1997:255, Figs. 1-2 [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 56 (no. 1); ref. 22819] Off Norah Head, New South Wales, Australia, 33°32'S, 152°09'E, depth 978 meters. Holotype: AMS I.24059-009. Paratypes: AMS (6), CAS (2), CSIRO (15), NMNZ (12), NMV (4). •Valid as Trachonurus gagates Iwamoto & McMillan 1997 -- (Iwamoto 1997:948 [ref. 22977], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:212 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:773 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:494 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:604 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:345 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:826 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Trachonurus gagates Iwamoto & McMillan 1997. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean off Australia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

garmani, Coryphaenoides Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Starks 1904:610, Fig. [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 2526] Sagami Bay, Japan, depth 110-259 fathoms [201-474 meters]. Holotype: USNM 50933. Paratypes: ANSP 114108 (1), CAS-SU 8548 (5), USNM 51415 (9). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:57 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:126 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Ventrifossa garmani (Jordan & Gilbert 1904) -- (Iwamoto 1979:152 [ref. 2311], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:145, 348 [ref. 8256], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:94 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:213, 360 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:300 [ref. 18936], Shinohara et al. 1996:170 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:423 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:306 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:423 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:418 [ref. 28370], Jeong et al. 2010:317 [ref. 36293], Motomura et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34709], Iwamoto et al. 2015:109 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa garmani (Jordan & Gilbert 1904). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Taiwan north to southern Korea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

garretti, Bathygadus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1916:151, Pl. 8 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 51 (no. 2149); ref. 1636] Suruga Gulf, 35°05'30"N, 138°39'50"E, Japan, Albatross station 5059, depth 197-297 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 76863. Paratypes: USNM 135351 (1). •Synonym of Bathygadus nipponicus (Jordan & Gilbert 1904) -- (Howes & Crimmen 1990:191 [ref. 15692]). •Valid as Bathygadus garretti Gilbert & Hubbs 1916 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:93 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:197, 357 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:94 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:418 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:418 [ref. 26001], Chiou et al. 2004:42 [ref. 27691], Shinohara et al. 2005:416 [ref. 28370], Iwamoto et al. 2015:38 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Bathygadus garretti Gilbert & Hubbs 1916. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Japan to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

geronimo, Coelorhynchus coelorhynchus Marshall [N. B.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1973:554, Figs. 11 D, 14 [Memoirs of the Sears Foundation of Marine Research Mem. 1 (pt 6); ref. 6966] Off Angola, 10°36'S, 13°12'E, depth 200 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 205872. Paratypes: BMNH 1971.10.22.17-21 (2), UF 09259 (25); plus other lots should be at UF. Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:112 [ref. 21035]. Genus should be Coelorinchus. Correct species is Coelorinchus caelorinchus (Risso 1810). •Synonym of Coelorhynchus coelorhynchus (Risso 1810), but a valid subspecies geronimo Marshall & Iwamoto 1973 as described -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:154 [ref. 18936]). •Valid as Coelorhynchus geronimo Marshall & Iwamoto 1973 -- (Geistdoerfer 1990:549 [ref. 16195]). •Valid as Coelorinchus geronimo Marshall & Iwamoto 1973 -- (Iwamoto 2016:1989 [ref. 34585], Brown et al. 2019:160 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus geronimo Marshall & Iwamoto 1973. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic; southern central Atlantic: Saint Helena. Habitat: marine.

gibber, Macrourus Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] 1897:426, Pl. 44 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1114); ref. 1635] Off Hawaiian Islands, 6°08'N, 157°43'W, Albatross station 3457, depth 351-375 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1900.9.29.250 [from Jordan] (1), SU 3141 (14), USNM 47733 (2). •Valid as Sphagemacrurus gibber (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:288 [ref. 18936], Mundy 2005:256 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Sphagemacrurus gibber (Gilbert & Cramer 1897). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Hawaiian Ridge, Hawaiian Islands, equatorial Central Pacific. Habitat: marine.

gigas, Coryphaenoides Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:232, Pl. 20 (figs. 2-2c) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Eastern Atlantic, 44°20'N, 17°11'W, station 136, depth 4255 meters. Lectotype: MNHN 1886-0117. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1886-0116 (1). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:225 [ref. 24244] with a holotype. Lectotype designated by Eschmeyer 1998:645 [ref. 23416]. •Synonym of Nematonurus armatus (Hector 1875) -- (Marshall 1973:297 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer 1990:556 [ref. 16195]). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides armatus (Hector 1875) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:27 [ref. 7509], Iwamoto 1990:195 [ref. 21688], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:205 [ref. 18936], Bailly et al. 1999:225 [ref. 24244]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides armatus (Hector 1875). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

gilberti, Caelorhynchus Jordan [D. S.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1925:327 [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 2486] Fish market, Shizuoka, Japan. Holotype (unique): FMNH 59401 [ex CM 7960]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:88 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:27 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Caelorinchus gilberti Jordan & Hubbs 1925 -- (Shinohara et al. 1996:168 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:432 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:304 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:432 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:416 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Coelorinchus gilberti Jordan & Hubbs 1925 [sometimes as Coelorhynchus] -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:181, 354 [ref. 8256], Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:113, 196 [ref. 8379], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:99 [ref. 6441], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015:377 [ref. 33958], Nakayama et al. 2015:[11] [ref. 35271]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus gilberti Jordan & Hubbs 1925. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

gladius, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] 1897:421, Pl. 41 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1114); ref. 1635] Off Hawaiian Islands, 21°12'N, 157°49'W, Albatross station 3472, depth 295 fathoms. Syntypes: CAS-SU 4929 (2), USNM 47706 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:56 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Caelorinchus gladius Gilbert & Cramer 1897 -- (Chiou et al. 2004:303 [ref. 27687], Mundy 2005:249 [ref. 28379], Iwamoto et al. 2009:43 [ref. 30612]). •Valid as Coelorinchus gladius Gilbert & Cramer 1897 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus gladius Gilbert & Cramer 1897. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

globiceps, Macrurus Vaillant [L. L.] in Filhol 1884:183, Fig. 2 [La Nature, Paris No. 559, 16 Feb. 1884; ref. 1326] Spanish Sahara, 23°57'N, 17°12'W, station 78, depth 1400-1435 meters. Lectotype: MNHN 1886-0092. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1883-0109 (1, poor condition), 1886-0083 and 0084 (1, 1), 1886-0085 (1), 1886-0086 (1), 1886-0090 (1), 1886-0091 (1, poor condition), 1886-0093 (1, poor condition). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:229 [ref. 24244]. Type information: Bauchot et al. 1972:662 [ref. 11384] but with original genus as Cetonorus and with MNHN 1886-92 as holotype; technically no holotype was established originally. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Also described as new as Hymenocephalus globiceps in Vaillant 1888:386 [ref. 4496]. Lectotype selected by Eschmeyer 1998:653 [ref. 23416]. •Valid as Cetonurus globiceps (Vaillant 1884) [some dating to 1888] -- (Marshall 1973:290 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:650 [ref. 13676], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Geistdoerfer 1990:545 [ref. 16195], Gomon et al. 1994:345 [ref. 22532], Santos et al. 1997:55 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:66 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:776 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:169 [ref. 23875], Bailly et al. 1999:229-230 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Pakhorukov 1999:656 [ref. 24883], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:458 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:61 [ref. 27192] dating to 1888, Iwamoto et al. 2004:196 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:591 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:321 [ref. 30636], Costa & Mincarone 2010:354 [ref. 37483], Melo et al. 2010:33 [ref. 30775], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:766 [ref. 34263], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585], Williams et al. 2018:99 [ref. 36359], Carneiro et al. 2019:132 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Cetonurus globiceps (Vaillant 1884). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

goethemi, Bathygadus Poll [M.] 1953:219, Fig. 92 [Résultats Scientifiques. Expédition Océanographique Belge dans les Eaux Côtières Africaines de l'Atlantique Sud (1948-1949). Bruxelles. v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12713] Atlantic, 52 miles southwest of Moita Seca, 6°08'S, 11°24'E, depth 350-380 meters. Holotype: IRSNB 190. Paratypes: (60) IRSNB 191-195 (3, 15, 7, 13, 1); MRAC 95677-93 (17). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:24 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:30 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Bathygadus macrops Goode & Bean 1885 -- (Geistdoerfer 1990:543 [ref. 16195], Howes & Crimmen 1990:188 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:94 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Bathygadus macrops Goode & Bean 1885. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Habitat: marine.

gomoni, Ventrifossa Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:220, Fig. 51 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] Northwest Shelf, Western Australia, depth 400 meters. Holotype: AMS I.23425-003. Paratypes: AMS I.23423-012 (5), I.23425-003 (4), I.24449-001 (4); CAS 200225 [ex NTM S.12588-016] (1); CSIRO H 1514-37 (5); NTM S.12590-010 (4), S.12614-016 (3), S.12727-022 (2). •Valid as Ventrifossa gomoni Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:606 [ref. 29065]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa gomoni Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

goobala, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:138, Fig. 11 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] Northwest Shelf off Rowley Shoals, Western Australia, 17°37'S, 118°40'E, depth 400 meters. Holotype: NTM S.12631-004. Paratypes: AMS I.22808-042 (8), 23423-014 (1), 23425-019 (1); CAS 200229 (1); CSIRO H 1514-31 (6 of 11); NTM S.12588-023 (1), S.12614-023 (2), S.13115-002 (1); ZMMU P-20611-12 (1, 1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:52 [ref. 25714]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus goobala Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:586 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus goobala Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus goobala Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

goodii, Macrurus Günther [A.] 1887:136 [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] Western North Atlantic, Blake station 308, 40°32'50"N, 65°35'30"W, depth 1242 fathoms, Blake station 30, 41°11'40"N, 68°22'W, depth 304 fathoms. Syntypes: (6) BMNH 1896.2.10.67 [ex USFC] (1). Original genus should have been Macrourus. Text unclear, but regarded as a replacement name for Macrurus asper Goode & Bean 1883, secondarily preoccupied by Coryphaenoides asper Günther 1877 when placed in Macrurus by Günther 1887:137 [ref. 2013]. •Synonym of Nematonurus armatus (Hector 1875) -- (Marshall 1973:297 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer 1990:556 [ref. 16195] as goodei). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides armatus (Hector 1875) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:27 [ref. 7509], Iwamoto 1990:195 [ref. 21688] as goodei, Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:205 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides armatus (Hector 1875). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

gormani, Coelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Graham [K. J.] 2008:138, Figs. 5, 10-11 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 59 (no. 5); ref. 29641] East of Wooli, 29°53'S, 153°42'E, New South Wales, Australia, depth 502 meters. Holotype: AMS I.20301-006. Paratypes: at AMS, CAS and NMV. Plus non-type material. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Coelorinchus gormani Iwamoto & Graham 2008 -- (Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:323 [ref. 30636]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus gormani Iwamoto & Graham 2008. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia: New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Hymenocephalus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:522, Fig. 31 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Off southern Luzon Island, Philippines, 13°28'45"N, 121°01'12"E, Albatross station 5292, depth 162 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 78227. •Valid as Hymenocephalus gracilis Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:663 [ref. 13676], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Anderson 1997:231 [ref. 22910], Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:518 [ref. 23710], Uiblein et al. 1999:62 [ref. 24045], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:757 [ref. 25037], Shinohara et al. 2001:305 [ref. 25995], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Chiou et al. 2004:44 [ref. 27691], Bray et al. 2006:595 [ref. 29065], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242]). •Valid as Hymenogadus gracilis (Gilbert & Hubbs 1920) -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:94 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:201, 359 [ref. 8057], Nakabo 2000:418 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:418 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:418 [ref. 28370], McMillan & Iwamoto 2014:129 [ref. 33462], Schwarzhans 2014:23 [ref. 33586], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:92 [ref. 37485], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:807 [ref. 34263], Iwamoto et al. 2015:78 [ref. 35408], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:135 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Hymenogadus gracilis (Gilbert & Hubbs 1920). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Circumglobal, including Mediterranean Sea. Habitat: marine.

gracillicauda, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:206, Pl. H (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off coasts of Colombia, 7°31.5'N, 79°14'W, Albatross station 3384, depth 458 fathoms; 7°32'36"N, 79°16'W, station 3385, depth 286 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28579 (8), 28581 (?); ?USNM 57861 (3). Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Synonym of Nezumia stelgidolepis (Gilbert 1890) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:47 [ref. 7509], Iwamoto 1979:160 [ref. 2311], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:286 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1260 [ref. 22830]). Current status: Synonym of Nezumia stelgidolepis (Gilbert 1890). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

grahami, Coryphaenoides Iwamoto [T.] & Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 1991:210, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 47 (no. 7); ref. 19100] Indian Ocean, 30°58'S, 93°42'E, depth 1060-1100 meters. Holotype: ZIN 49766. Paratypes: AMS I.29737-002 (1), I.29742-003 (1), I.29745-005 (1), I.29798-010 (1); CAS 73237 (1); ZMMU P-17615 (1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:58 [ref. 25714], Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:151 [ref. 33662]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides grahami Iwamoto & Shcherbachev 1991 -- (Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:287 [ref. 22071], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:464 [ref. 25637], Iwamoto et al. 2004:197 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:592 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:334 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:794 [ref. 34263], Fricke et al. 2018:80 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides grahami Iwamoto & Shcherbachev 1991. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

grenadae, Grenurus Parr [A. E.] 1946:47, Fig. 15 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 10 (art. 1); ref. 3378] Off Grenada, Caribbean Sea, depth 576 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 47625. •Valid as Sphagemacrurus grenadae (Parr 1946) -- (Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:673 [ref. 13676], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:289 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:212 [ref. 23875], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:794 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:61 [ref. 27192], Moore et al. 2003:211 [ref. 27076], Costa & Mincarone 2010:354 [ref. 37483], Melo et al. 2010:37 [ref. 30775], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:99 [ref. 37485], Carneiro et al. 2019:138 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Sphagemacrurus grenadae (Parr 1946). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico south to Brazil. Habitat: marine.

grimaldii, Hymenocephalus Weber [M.] 1913:169, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Bali Sea, 7°19.4'S, 116°49.5'E, Indonesia, Siboga station 316, depth 538 meters. Syntypes: FMNH 52450 [ex CM 708] (1), MOM 0091-1761 (1, poor condition), ZMA 112567 (38). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:66 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:47 [ref. 12367], Bailly et al. 1999:227 [ref. 24244]. •Valid as Hymenocephalus grimaldii Weber 1913 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Bailly et al. 1999:227 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Schwarzhans 2014:63 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus grimaldii Weber 1913. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

guentheri, Macrurus Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:241, 386, Pl. 22 (fig. 3) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Coasts of Morocco, 30°01'N, 11°46'W, Challenger station 41, depth 2115 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1886-0179. Paratypes: (3) BMNH 1887.12.7.84 (1), MNHN 1886-0180 (1). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:230 [ref. 24244]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Specimens on p. 242 redetermined as a new speices in the appendix (p. 386). Type information: Bauchot et al. 1972:666 [ref. 11384]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides guentheri (Vaillant 1888) -- (Marshall 1973:295 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:658 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:297 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:122 [ref. 14674], Geistdoerfer 1990:551 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:210 [ref. 18936], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1995:124 [ref. 22531], Goren & Galil 1997:198 [ref. 23058], Santos et al. 1997:56 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:67 [ref. 24952], Bailly et al. 1999:230 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto & Ungaro 2002:30 [ref. 26049], Moore et al. 2003:209 [ref. 27076], Golani 2005:25 [ref. 37112] as guntheri, Møller et al. 2010:36 [ref. 31169], Goren & Galil 2015:513 [ref. 33910], Afonso et al. 2016:30, 136 [ref. 36199], Bañón et al. 2016:314 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:133 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides guentheri (Vaillant 1888). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Atlantic: Arctic Canada, Greenland; northeastern Atlantic; Mediterranean Sea. Habitat: marine.

gymnorhynchus, Kumba Iwamoto [T.] & Sazonov [Yu. I.] 1994:229, Figs. 3-4 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 48 (no. 11); ref. 21459] Indian Ocean, West Australian Ridge (Broken Ridge), 30°46'S, 93°20'E, depth 1260-1370 meters. Holotype: CAS 77313 [ex ZMMU P-17765]. Paratypes: ZMMU P-17766 (1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:61 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Kumba gymnorhynchus Iwamoto & Sazonov 1994 -- (Iwamoto et al. 2009:48 [ref. 30612], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:809 [ref. 34263], Iwamoto et al. 2015:79 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Kumba gymnorhynchus Iwamoto & Sazonov 1994. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean and western North Pacific: Western Australia and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

gypsochilus, Coryphaenoides Iwamoto [T.] & McCosker [J. E.] 2001:22, Figs. 1-3 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 49 (Suppl. 1); ref. 25777] Bolivar Channel, 00°14.64'S, 91°06.54'W, Isla Fernandina (= Narborough), Galápagos, depth 732 meters. Holotype: CAS 86530. Paratypes: CAS 209223 (1). •Valid as Coryphaenoides gypsochilus Iwamoto & McCosker 2001 -- (McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides gypsochilus Iwamoto & McCosker 2001. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

hachijoensis, Hymenocephalus striatissimus Okamura [O.] 1970:50, Pl. 16 [Fauna Japonica. Macrourina (Pisces); ref. 6580] Off Hachijo Island, Japan, 33°16'05"N, 140°03'06"E, depth 570 meters. Holotype: BSKU 14171. Paratypes: BSKU 14172 (1). •Synonym of Hymenocephalus striatissimus Jordan & Gilbert 1904, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936]). •Valid as Hymenocephalus hachijoensis Okamura 1970 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:93 [ref. 6441], Sazonov 1994:151 [ref. 22658], Nakabo 2000:419 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:419 [ref. 26001], Schwarzhans 2014:49 [ref. 33586], Nakayama et al. 2015:504? [ref. 33724], Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015:378 [ref. 33958]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus hachijoensis Okamura 1970. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

hawaiiensis, Malacocephalus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:677, Fig. 265 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Off southern coast of Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3907, depth 304-315 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51618. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8522 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:58-59 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Malacocephalus hawaiiensis Gilbert 1905 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:241 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:187 [ref. 23875], Mundy 2005:253 [ref. 28379]). •Likely a synonym of Malacocephalus laevis (Lowe 1843) -- (Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:341 [ref. 30636], Iwamoto 2016:1985 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Synonym of Malacocephalus laevis (Lowe 1843). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

hebetatus, Macrourus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:671, Fig. 262 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Off southern coast of Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3925, depth 299-323 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 51608. •Valid as Nezumia hebetata (Gilbert 1905) -- (Iwamoto 1986:338 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936]). •Valid as Kumba hebetata (Gilbert 1905) -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1994:231 [ref. 21459], Mundy 2005:252 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Kumba hebetata (Gilbert 1905). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

helolepis, Trachyrhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] 1892:562 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 14 (no. 880); ref. 1626] Deep water off the coast of Central America, 0°29'S, 89°54'30"W, Albatross station 2818. Holotype (unique): USNM 48205. •Valid as Trachyrhynchus helolepis Gilbert 1892 -- (Pequeño 1989:46 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Trachyrincus helolepis Gilbert 1892 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:315 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1255 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:236 [ref. 24555], Iwamoto & McCosker 2001:27 [ref. 25777], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Trachyrincus helolepis Gilbert 1892. Macrouridae: Trachyrincinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

heterolepis, Macrurus Alcock [A. W.] 1889:396 [22] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 4 (no. 23); ref. 81] Andaman Sea off Ross Island, 265-271 fathoms; Bengal Bay between North and South Sentinal Islands, depth 220-240 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1890.7.31.6 [ex ZSI F11645] (1) off Ross Island, MNHN 1890-0347 [ex ZSI 11775] (1) Andaman Sea, ZSI F11774 (1) off Ross Island. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:137-138 [ref. 20743], Menon and Rama-Rao 1970:377 [ref. 27516], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:38 [ref. 22148], Bailly et al. 1999:230 [ref. 24244]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. On p. 22 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1892: Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [ref. 20531]. •Synonym of Hymenocephalus italicus Giglioli 1884 -- (Marshall 1973:290 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer 1990:554 [ref. 16195], Bailly et al. 1999:230 [ref. 24244]). •Valid as Hymenocephalus heterolepis (Alcock 1889) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230-231 [ref. 18936], Schwarzhans 2014:50 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus heterolepis (Alcock 1889). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Andaman Islands and Coast of Malay Peninsula. Habitat: marine.

hexafasciatus, Coelorhynchus Okamura [O.] in Okamura et al. 1982:173, Pl. 104 [Fishes of the Kyushu-Palau Ridge and Tosa Bay; ref. 8256] Kyushu-Palau Ridge, 26°45.0'N, 135°19.0'E, depth 336 meters. Holotype: BSKU 30443. Paratypes: BSKU 26025-26 (2), 26079-76 (7), 26106-11 (6), 29427 (1), 29452 (1), 32149-51 (3), 29486 (1), 29506 (1), 30472-73 (2), 29533 (1), 30440-42 (3), 30590-92 (3). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus hexafasciatus Okamura 1982 -- (Nakabo 2000:435 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:435 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Coelorinchus hexafasciatus Okamura 1982 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:98 [ref. 6441] as Coelorhynchus, Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:159 [ref. 18936] as hexfasciatus, McMillan & Iwamoto 2009:45 [ref. 30414], Nakayama et al. 2015:[11] [ref. 35271], Iwamoto et al. 2015:56 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus hexafasciatus Okamura 1982. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Kyushu-Palau Ridge south of Japan; Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

hextii, Macrurus Alcock [A. W.] 1890:299 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 6 (no. 34); ref. 83] Laccadive Sea, 12°05'55"N, 71°33'30"E, Investigator station 122, depth 865-880 meters. Neotype: BMNH 1892.6.17.4 [ex ZSI] (1). Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Coryphaenoides hextii (Alcock 1890) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:294 [ref. 22071]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides hextii (Alcock 1890). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

heyningeni, Macrurus Weber [M.] 1913:156, Pl. 5 (fig. 3) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Timor Sea, 10°48.6'S, 123°23.1'E, Siboga station 300, depth 918 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMA 111495. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:66-67 [ref. 19236]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

hige, Coelorhynchus Matsubara [K.] 1943:144, Fig. 6 [Journal Shigenkagaku Kenkyusyo v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 12783] Heta, Japan. Holotype: Sigenkagaku Fish Coll. 6 (not at FAKU). •Valid as Coelorinchus hige Matsubara 1943 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus hige Matsubara 1943. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

hildebrandi, Nezumia Parr [A. E.] 1946:40, Fig. 13 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 10 (art. 1); ref. 3378] Off Havana, Cuba, depth 154 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 47625 in original. Paratypes: USNM 116985 (2), 116989 (3). •Synonym of Nezumia aequalis (Günther 1878) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:264 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 2016:1987 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Synonym of Nezumia aequalis (Günther 1878). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

hirundo, Macrurus Collett [R.] 1896:72, Pl. 2 (figs. 8, 8b) [Poissons provenant des campagnes du Yacht "L'Hirondelle" (1885-1888) Fasc. 10; ref. 890] Between Pico and São Jorge, Azores, northeastern Atlantic, depth 1266 meters. Syntypes: (2) MOM 0091-0133 (now 1). Type catalog: Belloc 1949:16 [ref. 21544]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Sphagemacrurus hirundo (Collett 1896) -- (Marshall 1973:291 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:673 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:561 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:288 [ref. 18936], Santos et al. 1997:58 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:69 [ref. 24952], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:212 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 2016:1981 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:138 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Sphagemacrurus hirundo (Collett 1896). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

hispidus, Macrurus Alcock [A. W.] 1889:397 [23] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 4 (no. 23); ref. 81] Bay of Bengal, between North and South Sentinal Islands, depth 220-240 fathoms. Original genus should have been Macrourus. On p. 23 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1894: Pl. 13 (fig. 2) [ref. 17304]. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

hoangi, Coelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Graham [K. J.] 2008:135, Figs. 2-4, 8b [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 59 (no. 5); ref. 29641] Southwest of Ledge Point, 31°14.9'S, 114°52.3'E, Western Australia, depth 512 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 2604-09. Paratypes: AMS I.31171-009 (2), I.18711-020 (2); CSIRO H 2591-15 (1), H 2604-11 (1), H 3025-06 (1), H 6376-03 (3), H 6383-04 (2); NMV A9606 (6), A6186 (1), A9639 (6), A9660 (6); WAM 30495-001 (4). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Coelorinchus hoangi Iwamoto & Graham 2008 -- (Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:322 [ref. 30636] as hoagi). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus hoangi Iwamoto & Graham 2008. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

holocentrus, Macrourus Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] 1897:425, Pl. 43 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1114); ref. 1635] Off Hawaiian Islands, 21°08'N, 157°43'W, Albatross station 3475, depth 351-375 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 47734. Paratypes: SU 3137 (1), USNM 47723 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:58 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Nezumia holocentra (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:107, 192 [ref. 8379], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:199 [ref. 23875], Mundy 2005:254 [ref. 28379], Nakayama & Endo 2012:66 [ref. 32112], Nakayama & Endo 2015:7 [ref. 35270]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia holocentra (Gilbert & Cramer 1897). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

holotrachys, Macrurus Günther [A.] 1878:24 [8] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] East of Rio de la Plata mouth, Challenger station 320, depth 600 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.87. On p. 8 of separate. See also Günther 1887:136, Pl. 28 (fig. B) [ref. 2013]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. See Iwamoto et al. 2004:202 [ref. 27643]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides holotrachys (Günther 1878) -- (Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:134 [ref. 14235]). •Valid as Macrourus holotrachys Günther 1878 -- (Trunov 1986:29 [ref. 24543], Trunov & Konstantinov 1986:127 [ref. 24541], Iwamoto 1986:336 [ref. 5674], Arai in Amaoka et al. 1990:180 [ref. 16024], Iwamoto 1990:203 [ref. 21688], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:237 [ref. 18936], Trunov & Konstantinov 1990:50 [ref. 22872], Ruiz R. & Oyarzún G. 1993:57 [ref. 22359], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:143 [ref. 25472], Ruiz et al. 1995:125 [ref. 23252], López et al. 1996:34 [ref. 23681], Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536], McMillan et al. 2012:15 [ref. 31767], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:815 [ref. 34263], Nión et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35565] with author as (Günther 1878)). Current status: Valid as Macrourus holotrachys Günther 1878. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Temperate and Subantarctic waters of the Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

horribilis, Caelorinchus McMillan [P. J.] & Paulin [C. D.] 1993:823, Fig. 3 [Copeia 1993 (no. 3); ref. 21005] West of North Cape, New Zealand, 34°32.1-30.0'S, 171°46.5-44.0'E, depth 906-935 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.22992. Paratypes: NMNZ P.19676 (1), P.22986-88 (1, 1, 14). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Coelorinchus horribilis McMillan & Paulin 1993 -- (McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:775 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus horribilis McMillan & Paulin 1993. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

hoskynii, Macrurus Alcock [A. W.] 1890:214 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 6 (no. 33) (art. 26); ref. 82] Off Madras coast, India, 18°26'N, 85°24'E, Investigator station 97, depth 1310 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F12833. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:138 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:38 [ref. 22148]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Figured in Alcock 1894: Pl. 9 (fig. 4) [ref. 17304]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides hoskynii (Alcock 1890) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:295 [ref. 22071]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides hoskynii (Alcock 1890). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

hubbsi, Coelorhynchus Matsubara [K.] 1936:358, Figs. 2-3 [Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses v. 15 (no. 3); ref. 13719] Owase, Mie-ken, Japan, depth 100-200 fathoms. Holotype: FAKU [ex URM-P 7165]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorhinchus hubbsi Matsubara 1936 -- (Nakabo 2000:431 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:304 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:431 [ref. 26001], Chiou et al. 2004:302 [ref. 27687], Shinohara et al. 2005:416 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Coelorinchus hubbsi Matsubara 1936 -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:169 [ref. 8256] as Coelorhynchus, Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:97 [ref. 6441] as Coelorhynchus, Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto et al. 2009:43 [ref. 30612], Iwamoto et al. 2015:57 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus hubbsi Matsubara 1936. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

hyostomus, Macrourus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:121, Pl. 27 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Lagonoy Gulf, Luzon Island, 13°37'30"N, 123°41'09"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5470, depth 560 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 72938. First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Hyomacrurus hystomus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (authors). •Valid as Mataeocephalus hyostomus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Sazonov et al. 2003:294 [ref. 27176], Iwamoto et al. 2015:88 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Mataeocephalus hyostomus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Philippines, Indonesia and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

immaculatus, Caelorinchus Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1992:41, Fig. 10, 11a [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 48 (no. 2); ref. 19517] Sala y Gomez Ridge, 24°57.5'S, 88°36.1'W, southeastern Pacific, depth 560 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-17692. Paratypes: CAS 38314 (1), 50895-96 (1, 2), 75975 (4); ZMMU P-17690-91 (2, 1), 17693-98 (2, 2, 13, 5, 1, 1), P-18110-16 (3, 1, 1, 18, 1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:52-54 [ref. 25714]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus immaculatus Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992 -- (Pequeño 1997:81 [ref. 23536] as inmaculatus). •Valid as Coelorinchus immaculatus Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992. Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus immaculatus Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

inflaticeps, Macrouroides Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:139, Pl. 31 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Near Batan Island, Lagonoy Gulf, Luzon Island, 13°23'15"N, 124°00'30"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5450, depth 408 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 72950. First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Macrouroides inflaticeps Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:105, 192 [ref. 8379], Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:209 [ref. 14275], Pequeño 1989:46 [ref. 14125], Adam et al. 1998:10 [ref. 23610], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:234 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1990 [ref. 24761], Pakhorukov 1999:657 [ref. 24883], Iwamoto 2003:992 [ref. 27010], Bray et al. 2006:599 [ref. 29065], Melo et al. 2010:36 [ref. 30775], Iwamoto 2016:1965 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Valid as Macrouroides inflaticeps Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Macrouridae: Macrouroidinae. Distribution: Circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

infranudis, Lionurus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:555, Fig. 38 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Off Sibuko Bay, Borneo, 4°06'50"N, 118°47'20"E, Albatross station 5586, depth 347 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 82669. •Valid as Nezumia infranudis (Gilbert & Hubbs 1920) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Nakayama & Endo 2015:2 [ref. 35270]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia infranudis (Gilbert & Hubbs 1920). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and Timor Sea (eastern Indian Ocean). Habitat: marine.

infuscus, Caelorinchus McMillan [P. J.] & Paulin [C. D.] 1993:824, Fig. 4 [Copeia 1993 (no. 3); ref. 21005] Off Coromandel Peninsula, North Island, New Zealand, 37°00.6-02.7'S, 176°21.4-24.7'E, depth 743-757 meters. Holotype (unique): NMNZ P.22993. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Coelorinchus infuscus McMillan & Paulin 1993 -- (McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:776 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus infuscus McMillan & Paulin 1993. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

ingolfi, Macrurus Lütken [C. F.] 1898:27 [Danish Ingolf expedition; ref. 14687] South and west of Iceland, depth 1600-2460 meters. Syntypes: ZMUC 11 (1), 18 (1), 40a-b (2), 64 (1), 83 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:57 [ref. 9588]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Synonym of Coryphaenoides guentheri (Vaillant 1888) -- (Marshall 1973:295 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer 1990:551 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:210 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides guentheri (Vaillant 1888). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

innotabilis, Coelorhynchus McCulloch [A. R.] 1907:348, Pl. 63 (figs. 2-2a) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 6 (no. 5); ref. 15157] 35 miles east of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, depth 800 fathoms. Holotype: AMS I.7893. Paratypes: BMNH 1907.7.4.1 (1). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus innotabilis McCulloch 1907 -- (McMillan & Paulin 1993:838 [ref. 21005], Gomon et al. 1994:352 [ref. 22532], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:140 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:443 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:586 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus innotabilis McCulloch 1907 [some as Coelorhynchus] -- (Paxton et al. 1989:325 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:128 [ref. 24556], Arai in Amaoka et al. 1990:175 [ref. 16024], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:161 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:328 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:777 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus innotabilis McCulloch 1907. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Australia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

intermedius, Coelorhynchus Chu [Y.-T.] & Lo [Y.-L.] in Chu, Chan & Chen 1963:173, Fig. 139 [Ichthyofauna of the East China Sea; ref. 18002] North of East China Sea, China. Holotype: SFI. Paratypes: SFI (3 or 5). Second author is Y.-L. Lo. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Synonym of Coelorinchus formosanus Okamura 1963 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:158 [ref. 18936], Kim et al. 2009:112 [ref. 30413], Iwamoto et al. 2015:54 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus formosanus Okamura 1963. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

intermedius, Squalogadus Grey [M.] 1959:330, Fig. 53 [Fieldiana Zoology v. 39 (no. 29); ref. 11997] Gulf of Mexico, 29°07'N, 87°54'W, Oregon station 1426, depth 600 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 185606. Paratypes: FMNH 64489 (5). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:81 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Squalogadus modificatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1916 -- (Geistdoerfer 1990:542 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:482 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto et al. 2015:118 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Synonym of Squalogadus modificatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1916. Macrouridae: Macrouroidinae. Habitat: marine.

introniger, Gadomus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:401, Fig. 5 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Butung [Buton], near Sulawesi, Indonesia, Albatross station 5648, depth 559 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 78209. Paratypes: (13) CAS-SU 25433 (6); ?USNM 78209 (6), 99483-87 (1 ea, 5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:57-58 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Gadomus introniger Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Howes & Crimmen 1990:198 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:97 [ref. 18936], Okamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:185 [ref. 16024], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:480 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:119 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1994 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:742 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Bray et al. 2006:594 [ref. 29065], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Gadomus introniger Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

investigatoris, Macrurus Alcock [A. W.] 1889:391 [17] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 4 (no. 23); ref. 81] Andaman Sea, all along Andaman Chain, depth 265-490 fathoms; Bay of Bengal, depth 193-405 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1890.7.31.4-5 [ex ZSI F11681-82] (2); MNHN 1890-0345 [ex ZSI 11677] (1), 1890-0346 [ex ZSI 11683] (1); ZSI F11655 (1). Type catalog: Menon and Rama-Rao 1970:377 [ref. 27516], Menon & Rama Rao 1971:343 [ref. 31198], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:38 [ref. 22148], Talwar 1977:637 [ref. 26599], Bailly et al. 1999:230 [ref. 24244]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. On p. 17 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1892: Pl. 3 (fig. 4) [ref. 20531]. •Valid as Nezumia investigatoris (Alcock 1889) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Bailly et al. 1999:230 [ref. 24244], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377], Jawad & Al-Mamry 2012:1 [ref. 31773]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia investigatoris (Alcock 1889). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

italicus, Hymenocephalus Giglioli [E. H.] 1884:228 [Esplorazione talassografica del Mediterraneo eseguita sotto gli auspici del governo italiano; ref. 5325] Genoa, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MZUF 5644 (1), 5645 (1), 5648-51 (4). Type catalog: Vanni 1991:223 [ref. 20099]. •Valid as Hymenocephalus italicus Giglioli 1884 -- (Marshall 1973:289 [ref. 7194], Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:216 [ref. 14275], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:664 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:553 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:143 [ref. 25472], Anderson 1997:230 [ref. 22910], Santos et al. 1997:56 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:68 [ref. 24952], Adam et al. 1998:10 [ref. 23610], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:784 [ref. 23897], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26753], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:61 [ref. 27192], Moore et al. 2003:210 [ref. 27076], Golani 2005:25 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:62 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:28 [ref. 36649], Schwarzhans 2014:55 [ref. 33586], Goren & Galil 2015:514 [ref. 33910], Bañón et al. 2016:313 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:135 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:47 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:18 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus italicus Giglioli 1884. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Atlantic; western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

iwamotoi, Hymenocephalus Schwarzhans [W.] 2014:30, Figs. 10-11 [Zootaxa 3888 (no. 1); ref. 33586] Off northwestern Australia, vicinity of Browse Island, 13°47'S, 123°18'E, depth 242 meters Holotype: WAM P.25401-003. Paratypes: WAM P.25401-020 (29) [not including -003]. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Hymenocephalus iwamotoi Schwarzhans 2014 -- (Nakayama et al. 2015:508 [ref. 33724]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus iwamotoi Schwarzhans 2014. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Lionurus Matsubara [K.] 1943:149, Fig. 9 [Journal Shigenkagaku Kenkyusyo v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 12783] Kumano-Nada, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 1951 (not seen in 1997). Paratypes: FAKU 1938 (1, not seen in 1997). •Valid as Ventrifossa japonica (Matsubara 1943) -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:147, 349 [ref. 8256], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:94 [ref. 6441], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:296 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:421 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:306 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:421 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Kumba japonica (Matsubara 1943) -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1994:231 [ref. 21459], Chiou et al. 2004:45 [ref. 27691], Iwamoto et al. 2015:80 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Kumba japonica (Matsubara 1943). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Macrourus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:256, Pl. 112 (figs. 2, 2a-b) [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Original: bays in provinces Oomura and Simabara, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 3476. Paralectotypes: RMNH D1405-1406 (2, stuffed). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:185 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Caelorhinchus japonicus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Nakabo 2000:433 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:305 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:433 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:416 [ref. 28370], Shinohara et al. 2014:241 [ref. 33330]). •Valid as Coelorinchus japonicus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:181, 353 [ref. 8256] as Coelorhynchus, Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:98 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:231, 367 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:162 [ref. 18936], Arruda 1997:67 [ref. 24952] as Coelorhynchus, Choi et al. 2003:209, 539 [ref. 26218], Kim et al. 2009:113 [ref. 30413], Parin et al. 2014:164 [ref. 33547], Iwamoto et al. 2015:57 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus japonicus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Pseudonezumia Okamura [O.] 1970:39, Fig. 20; Pl. 13 [Fauna Japonica. Macrourina (Pisces); ref. 6580] Off Choshi, Chiba Prefecture, Japan, 36°19'08"N, 141°14'00"E, depth 1690 meters. Holotype (unique): BSKU 14203. •Valid as Pseudonezumia japonicus Okamura 1970 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:95 [ref. 6441], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:208 [ref. 23875], Nakabo 2000:420 [ref. 25086] as japonica, Nakabo 2002:420 [ref. 26001] as japonica). Current status: Valid as Pseudonezumia japonicus Okamura 1970. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

johnboborum, Ventrifossa Iwamoto [T.] 1982:57, Fig. 1 [Australian Zoologist v. 21 (pt 1); ref. 8468] Bismarck Sea, Papua New Guinea, western Pacific. Holotype: AMS I.15602-002. Paratypes: USNM 149044 (1), FRSA (Fish. Res. Station, Aberdeen) uncat. (1), FRSA uncat. (1). •Valid as Ventrifossa johnboborum Iwamoto 1982 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:296 [ref. 18936], Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:556 [ref. 23710], Sazonov & Shcherbachev 1997:543 [ref. 24697], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:235 [ref. 24555], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:221 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:775 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:496 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:606 [ref. 29065], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242], Fricke et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa johnboborum Iwamoto 1982. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Pacific: South China Sea and Philippines to Papua New Guinea; Sala-y-Gomez Ridge in Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

jordani, Coelorhynchus Smith [H. M.] & Pope [T. E. B.] 1906:494, Fig. 11 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 31 (no. 1489); ref. 4058] Kagoshima, Japan. Holotype: USNM 55609. Paratypes: (3). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorhinchus jordani Smith & Pope 1906 -- (Nakabo 2000:432 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:305 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:432 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:416 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Coelorinchus jordani Smith & Pope 1906 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:98 [ref. 6441] as Coelorhynchus, Yatou in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:229, 367 [ref. 8057] as Coelorhynchus, Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936], Motomura et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34709]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus jordani Smith & Pope 1906. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kaiyomaru, Coelorinchus Arai [T.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1979:238, Figs. 1-7 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 26 (no. 3); ref. 8852] Chatham Rise slope, off New Zealand, 44°34.2'S, 177°57.9'W, depth 1006-1050 meters. Holotype: NSMT P.18504. Paratypes: AIM 2654-56 (3); AMS I.21202-001 (2), 21203-001 (2); CAS 42488-89 (1, 1); LACM 11085-4 (1), 11447-5 (1), 11449-2 (1), 11449-6 (1); NMNZ 9142 (1), 9143 (1); NSMT-P 18505-07 (3), 18508-12 (5), 18513 (1), 69284-87 [ex FSFL EH 220, 222, and 616-617] (4); ZUMT 54202-05 (4). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:9 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Caelorinchus kaiyomaru Arai & Iwamoto 1979 -- (McMillan & Paulin 1993:838 [ref. 21005], Gomon et al. 1994:353 [ref. 22532], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:141 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:445 [ref. 25637], Iwamoto et al. 2004:202 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:586 [ref. 29065], Nión et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35565]). •Valid as Coelorinchus kaiyomaru Arai & Iwamoto 1979 -- (Trunov 1984:363 [ref. 16285], Paxton et al. 1989:325 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:128 [ref. 24556], Arai in Amaoka et al. 1990:176 [ref. 16024], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:163 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:329 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:778 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus kaiyomaru Arai & Iwamoto 1979. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

kamoharai, Coelorhynchus Matsubara [K.] 1943:136, Fig. 4 [Journal Shigenkagaku Kenkyusyo v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 12783] Kumano-Nada, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 2498 (apparently lost). Paratypes: (apparently lost) FAKU 1593-1596 (4), 2496 (1), and 4 other unnumbered lots of 1, 3, 3 and 2 specimens respectively. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorhinchus kamoharai Matsubara 1943 -- (Shinohara et al. 1996:169 [ref. 26605], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Nakabo 2000:430 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:304 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:430 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:416 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Coelorinchus kamoharai Matsubara 1943 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:97 [ref. 6441] as Coelorhynchus, Yatou in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:221, 365 [ref. 8057] as Coelorhynchus, Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:164 [ref. 18936], Motomura et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34709], Iwamoto et al. 2015:58 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus kamoharai Matsubara 1943. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan to Taiwan and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

kamoharai, Nezumia Okamura [O.] 1970:91, Fig. 40; Pl. 20 [Fauna Japonica. Macrourina (Pisces); ref. 6580] Sagami Bay, Japan. Holotype (unique): BSKU 14202. •Valid as Nezumia kamoharai Okamura 1970 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:95 [ref. 6441], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:425 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:425 [ref. 26001], Iwamoto & McCosker 2014:272 [ref. 33298]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia kamoharai Okamura 1970. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kanetomoi, Coelorhynchus Matsubara [K.] 1943:95 [Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan v. 13 (no. 14); ref. 13062] Misaki, Japan, depth 700 meters. Holotype (unique): Sigenkagaku Fish. Coll. 2 (not at FAKU). Genus should be Coelorinchus. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

kapala, Nezumia Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:193, Fig. 41 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] Off Broken Bay, New South Wales, Australia, depth 1043-1070 meters. Holotype: AMS I.24993-008. Paratypes: AMS I.21724-005 (1), I.24057-001 (4), I.24059-006 (4 of 6), I.24060 (1), I.25265-002 (4); CAS 200228 [ex AMS I.24150-006] (1); CSIRO H 2865-04 (1), H 2584-21 (1), H 3008-11 (1); NMV A6195 (1). •Valid as Nezumia kapala Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Iwamoto & Graham 2001:488 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:601 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:343 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:820 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia kapala Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southern Australia and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

karrerae, Coelorinchus Trunov [I. A.] 1984:359, Figs. 3-4 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 24 (no. 3); ref. 16285] Southeastern Atlantic off Namibia, 25°35'S, 13°29'W, depth 825 meters. Holotype: ZIN 42520a. Paratypes: ZIN 42450a (8, now 7); ZMMU P-16014-15 (1, 1), P16018-19 (4, 2). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:54 [ref. 25714], Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:151 [ref. 33662]. Possibly the same as C. innotabilis -- see Iwamoto et al. 2004:196 [ref. 27643]. •Valid as Caelorinchus karrerae Trunov 1984 -- (Iwamoto et al. 2004:196 [ref. 27643]). •Valid as Coelorinchus karrerae Trunov 1984 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:166 [ref. 18936], Pakhorukov 2001:378 [ref. 25409]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus karrerae Trunov 1984. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan. Habitat: marine.

kensmithi, Nezumia Wilson [R. R., Jr.] 2001:30, Figs. 1-2 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 49 (Suppl. 1); ref. 25944] Summit of Fieberling Guyot, North Pacific, 32°27.82'N, 127°47.00'W, depth 555 meters. Holotype: SIO 92-108. Paratypes: SIO 92-108 (3), 92-110 (1), 93-186 (5). •Valid as Nezumia kensmithi Wilson 2001. Current status: Valid as Nezumia kensmithi Wilson 2001. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kermadecus, Coelorhynchus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Starks 1904:619 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 2526] Kermadec Islands, southwestern Pacific. Lectotype (?): BMNH 1887.12.7.60. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1887.12.7.61-62 (1, 1). New name for Kermadec Is. and New Zealand specimens of Coelorhynchus parallelus described by Günther 1887, Deep Sea Fishes, Challenger, p. 125, Pl. 29 (fig. A). Lectotype designation not researched, not designated here. •Valid as Caelorinchus kermadecus Jordan & Gilbert 1904 -- (McMillan & Paulin 1993:837 [ref. 21005], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:496 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto et al. 1999:52 [ref. 23763], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:159 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:744 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:447 [ref. 25637], Bray et al. 2006:587 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus kermadecus Jordan & Gilbert 1904 -- (McMillan & Paulin 1993:837 [ref. 21005], Paulin et al. 1989:126 [ref. 24556], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:322 [ref. 30636], Fricke et al. 2011:363 [ref. 31242], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:110 [ref. 36167], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:779 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus kermadecus Jordan & Gilbert 1904. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Norfolk Ridge (New Caledonia); Kermadec Ridge. Habitat: marine.

kishinouyei, Coelorhynchus Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1900:376, Pl. 20 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 23 (no. 1213); ref. 2502] Misaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): USNM 49395. •Valid as Caelorinchus kishinouyei Jordan & Snyder 1900 -- (Nakabo 2000:432 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:305 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:432 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Coelorinchus kishinouyei Jordan & Snyder 1900 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:97 [ref. 6441], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:167 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto et al. 2015:59 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus kishinouyei Jordan & Snyder 1900. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan, South China Sea and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

kotlyari, Mataeocephalus Sazonov [Yu. I.], Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] & Iwamoto [T.] 2003:296, Fig. 7 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 54 (no. 17); ref. 27176] Chesterfield and Bellona Plateau, 21°15.01'S, 157°51.33'E, depth 970 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1994-960. Paratypes: AMS I.29804-002 (1); BMNH 1996.7.19.27 (1); CAS 86481 (2); CSIRO H 22549-13 (1); MNHN 1994-961 (1), 1995-856 (1), 1995-874 (1), 1995-969 (1), 1997-677 (1), 1997-678 (12), 1997-679 (2). In subgenusHyomacrurus. •Valid as Mataeocephalus kotlyari Sazonov, Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 2003 -- (Bray et al. 2006:600 [ref. 29065], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Mataeocephalus kotlyari Sazonov, Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 2003. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean off Australia. Habitat: marine.

kuronumai, Hymenocephalus Kamohara [T.] 1938:70, Fig. 40 [On the offshore bottom-fishes of Prov. Tosa; ref. 2551] Mimase, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Kamohara "neotype": BSKU 4333. Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:9 [ref. 19282]. "Neotype" designation: Kamohara 1961:9 [ref. 19282] but designation was not made in a revisory work and is invalid. Specimens from southwestern Pacific (see status) represent a species of Spicomacrurus -- see Iwamoto et al. 2011:513 [ref. 31434]. •Valid as Hymenogadus kuronumai (Kamohara 1938) -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:94 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:203, 359 [ref. 8057], Nakabo 2000:418 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:418 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:418 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Hymenocephalus kuronumai Kamohara 1938 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:518 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:176 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:757 [ref. 25037], Shinohara et al. 2001:305 [ref. 25995], Bray et al. 2006:595 [ref. 29065], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242]). •Valid as Spicomacrurus kuronumai Kamohara 1938 -- (Iwamoto et al. 2011:513 [ref. 31434], Schwarzhans 2014:21 [ref. 33586], Iwamoto et al. 2015:103 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Spicomacrurus kuronumai (Kamohara 1938). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

labiatus, Macrurus Köhler [R.] 1896:497, Pl. 27 (figs. 7-8) [Annales de l'Université de Lyon. Paris [etc.] v. 26; ref. 14612] Gulf of Gascony [Bay of Biscay], France, Sta. 1, 570-700 meters; Sta. 2, depth 1710 meters. Syntypes: UCBL Z001-1226 (1), Z001-1227 (2). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:231 [ref. 24244] wrongly with a holotype. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Synonym of Coelorhynchus occa (Goode & Bean 1885) -- (Marshall 1973:294 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer 1990:550 [ref. 16195]). •Valid as Caelorinchus labiatus (Köhler 1896) -- (Bailly et al. 1999:231 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto & Ungaro 2002:27 [ref. 26049]). •Valid as Coelorinchus labiatus (Köhler 1896) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:168 [ref. 18936], Galil & Goren 1994:50 [ref. 23163], Santos et al. 1997:55 [ref. 23531] as Coelorhynchus, Saldanha & Biscoito 1997:197 [ref. 24962] as cf. labiatus, Pakhorukov 2001:378 [ref. 25409] as cf. labiatus, Golani 2005:25 [ref. 37112] as Coerorhynchus l., McMillan & Iwamoto 2009:49 [ref. 30414], Golani & Galil 2015:513 [ref. 33910], Bañón et al. 2016:313 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto 2016:1984 [ref. 34585], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:115 [ref. 36370], Carneiro et al. 2019:132 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus labiatus (Köhler 1896). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic and rare records in or near Arctic Region. Habitat: marine.

laevis, Macrourus Lowe [R. T.] 1843:92 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1843 (pt 11); ref. 2832] Off Madeira. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.11.29.4. •Valid as Malacocephalus laevis (Lowe 1843) -- (Marshall 1973:292 [ref. 7194], Iwamoto 1979:149 [ref. 2311], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:145, 347 [ref. 8256], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:667 [ref. 13676], Iwamoto 1986:337 [ref. 5674], Paxton et al. 1989:328 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:46 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:125 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Geistdoerfer 1990:555 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:242 [ref. 18936], Okamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:187 [ref. 16024], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:143 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:359 [ref. 22532], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1254 [ref. 22829], Santos et al. 1997:57 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:68 [ref. 24952], Adam et al. 1998:10 [ref. 23610], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:532 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:186 [ref. 23875], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:787 [ref. 23897], Hoff 1999:115 [ref. 24458], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:769 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:482 [ref. 25637], Pakhorukov 2001:379 [ref. 25409], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:174 [ref. 26753], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:61 [ref. 27192], Iwamoto et al. 2004:198 [ref. 27643], Mundy 2005:253 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:599 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:341 [ref. 30636], Melo et al. 2010:36 [ref. 30775], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242], Parin et al. 2014:168 [ref. 33547], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:94 [ref. 37485], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:816 [ref. 34263], Bañón et al. 2016:314 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto 2016:1985 [ref. 34585], Burton & Lea 2019:49 [ref. 37205], Carneiro et al. 2019:136 [ref. 37250], Psomadakis et al. 2020:321 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Malacocephalus laevis (Lowe 1843). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

lasti, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:141, Figs. 13-14 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] West of Mandurah, Western Australia, depth 1140 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 2615-02. Paratypes: CSIRO H 1925-01 (1). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus lasti Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:587 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus lasti Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:323 [ref. 30636]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus lasti Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

latinasutus, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:214 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off mouth of Gulf of California, Mexico, 23°59'N, 108°40'W, Albatross station 3431, depth 995 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28557. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Synonym of Coryphaenoides anguliceps (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:45 [ref. 6228], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:203 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1258 [ref. 22830]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides anguliceps (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

latirostratus, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:211, Pl. 48 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off western Colombia, 7°09'45"-7°31'30"N, 79°14'-80°50'W, Albatross stations 3354, 3384 and 3394, depth 322-511 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ, USNM 57855 (2). Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Nezumia latirostrata (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto 1979:168 [ref. 2311], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:272 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1259 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:238 [ref. 24555], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], Robertson et al. 2017:55 [ref. 35676]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia latirostrata (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Panama to northern Peru. Habitat: marine.

laville, Coelorinchus Giorna [M. E.] 1809:180, Pl. 1 (figs. 3-4) [Mémoires de l'Académie impériale des sciences, littérature et beaux-arts, Turin, Sér. Sciences Physiques et Mathématiques. [v. 16] (pt 1) (for 1805-1808); ref. 1808] Regarded as a vernacular, "Le Caelorinque-La-Ville" on p. 180, with genus as "Caelorinque-Caelorinchus" on p. 179. •In the synonymy of Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Risso 1810) -- (Iwamoto 2016:1982 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Risso 1810). Macrouridae: Macrourinae.

lecointei, Macrurus Dollo [L.] 1900:384 [4] [Bulletin de l'Academie Royal de Belgique (Cl. Sci.) 1900, no. 6; ref. 14725] Antarctic, 70°40'S, 102°15'W, station 873, depth 2800 meters. Syntypes: IRSNB 4-5 (1, 1). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:24 [ref. 20755]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. On p. 4 of separate. Appeared as Nematonurus lecontei [main heading] in Dollo 1904:44, Pl. 7 [ref. 1135]; also in Dollo 1909 [ref. 17406] as lecointei. •Valid as Coryphaenoides lecointei (Dollo 1900) -- (Iwamoto 1990:199 [ref. 21688], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Miller 1993:573 [ref. 21297], Iwamoto et al. 2004:202 [ref. 27643]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides lecointei (Dollo 1900). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Antarctic. Habitat: marine.

leonis, Lionurus Barnard [K. H.] 1925:503 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 15 (no. 86) (art. 56); ref. 12730] Off Cape Point, South Africa, depth 90-345 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1927.12.6.19 [ex SAM] (1), SAM 12637 (1). •Valid as Nezumia leonis (Barnard 1925) -- (Trunov 1986:32 [ref. 24543], Iwamoto 1986:338 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936]). •Valid as Kuronezumia leonis (Barnard 1925) -- (Shcherbachev et al. 1992:101 [ref. 20586], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:181 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:477 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Iwamoto et al. 2004:202 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:597 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:339 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:811 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Kuronezumia leonis (Barnard 1925). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal (except eastern Pacific). Habitat: marine.

leptolepis, Coryphaenoides Günther [A.] 1877:441 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 56); ref. 2009] Off Pernambuco, coasts of Brazil, Challenger station 122, depth 350 fathoms. Lectotype: BMNH 1887.12.7.109. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1887.12.7.111 (1) Yokohama, BMNH 1887.12.7.113 (1) and BMNH 1887.12.7.132 (1) Mid-Pacific. The original description was based on specimens from three localities; Günther 1887:144 [ref. 2013] restricted the species to the specimen from off Brazil, allocating the other specimens to (and types of) Macrurus liocephalus Günther 1887; this is not regarded as lectotype designation, lectotype designation dates to Marshall 1973:590 [ref. 6965]. •Valid as Chalinura leptolepis (Günther 1877) -- (Marshall 1973:297 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:652 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:546 [ref. 16195], Santos et al. 1997:55 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:66 [ref. 24952]). •Valid as Coryphaenoides leptolepis Günther 1877 -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:42 [ref. 7509], Matarese et al. 1989:206 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:122 [ref. 14674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:274 [ref. 25968], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Moore et al. 2003:209 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:250 [ref. 28379], Costa & Mincarone 2010:354 [ref. 37483], Melo et al. 2010:33 [ref. 30775] as cf. leptolepis, Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585], Quattrini et al. 2017:7 [ref. 35235], Burton & Lea 2019:49 [ref. 37205], Carneiro et al. 2019:134 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides leptolepis Günther 1877. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Atlantic; North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

leptorhinus, Caelorinchus Chiou [M.-L.], Shao [K.-T.] & Iwamoto [T.] 2004:299, Figs. 1-3 [Copeia 2004 (no. 2); ref. 27687] Tashi [Daxi], northeastern Taiwan, 24°54.63'N, 122°03.49'E, depth 400-600 meters. Holotype: ASIZP 061344. Paratypes: ASIZT 061345-47 (1, 10, 3); CAS 214613 (3), 214446 (2), 215543 (4). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:36 [ref. 31432]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Coelorinchus leptorhinus Chiou, Shao & Iwamoto 2004 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:36 [ref. 31432], Iwamoto et al. 2015:59 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus leptorhinus Chiou, Shao & Iwamoto 2004. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

lepturus, Macrurus Gill [T. N.] & Townsend [C. H.] 1897:233 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 11; ref. 1749] Bering Sea, southwest of Pribilof Islands, 54°54'00"N, 168°59'00"W, Albatross station 3604, depth 1401 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 48767. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Synonym of Coryphaenoides filifer (Gilbert 1896) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:17 [ref. 7509], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:279 [ref. 25968]). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides filiferus (Gilbert 1896). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides filiferus (Gilbert 1896). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

lethonemus, Hymenocephalus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Starks 1904:615, Fig. [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 2526] Sagami Bay, Japan, depth 120-265 fathoms [219-485 meters]. Holotype: USNM 50936. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8641 (3), USNM 51455 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:58 [ref. 12291]. Types: Shinohara & Williams 2006:551 [ref. 31656]. •Valid as Hymenocephalus lethonemus Jordan & Gilbert 1904 -- (Yatou in Okamura et al. 1982:145, 347 [ref. 8256], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:94 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:201, 358 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Shinohara et al. 1996:169 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:419 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:305 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:419 [ref. 26001], Chiou et al. 2004:44 [ref. 27691], Shinohara et al. 2005:417 [ref. 28370], Motomura et al. 2010:77 [ref. 31256], Schwarzhans 2014:42 [ref. 33586], Nakayama et al. 2015:504? [ref. 33724], Iwamoto et al. 2015:75 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus lethonemus Jordan & Gilbert 1904. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan, Ryukyu Islands and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

leucophaeus, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:201 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Gulf of Panama, 7°09'45"N, 80°50'W, Albatross station 3354, depth 322 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28589. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Questionably a synonym of Coryphaenoides capito (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:62 [ref. 6228]). •See Bussing & López S. 1994:70 [ref. 23101]. Current status: Uncertain as Coryphaenoides capito (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

leucoura, Nezumia Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:195, Fig. 42a [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] Southwest of Shoal Point, Western Australia, depth 853-854 meters. Holotype: AMS I.31181-012. Paratypes: AMS I.131181-012 (3), I.31170-005 (4); CAS 200230 (1); CSIRO H 2573-12 (1), H 2573-13 (6), H 2579-03 (1), H 2596-05 (1), H 2596-06 (5); NMV A9543 (7). •Valid as Nezumia leucoura Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:601 [ref. 29065]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia leucoura Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

liocephalus, Macrurus Günther [A.] 1887:145, Pl. 38 (fig. A) [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] Near Yokohama, Japan, Challenger station 237, depth 1875 fathoms; mid-Pacific, Challenger station 246, depth 2050 fathoms. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1887.12.7.111 (1) Yokohama, BMNH 1887.12.7.112 (1), 1887.12.7.132 (1) Mid-Pacific. Original genus should have been Macrourus. The type specimens are also syntypes of Coryphaenoides leptolepis Günther 1877 (Pers. comm. Tomio Iwamoto, Oct. 1992). •Valid as Coryphaenoides liocephalus (Günther 1887) -- (Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:195, 139 [ref. 8379], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:86 [ref. 6441], McAllister 1990:122 [ref. 14674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:427 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:427 [ref. 26001]). •Questionably a synonym of Coryphaenoides leptolepis Günther 1877 -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:274 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides liocephalus (Günther 1887). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

liolepis, Macrurus (Lionurus) Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:117 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Off southern California, U.S.A., 33°49'45"N, 119°24'30"W, Albatross station 2980, depth 603 fathoms. Syntypes: (many) USNM 44271 (2). Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Nezumia liolepis (Gilbert 1890) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:46 [ref. 7509], Iwamoto 1979:157 [ref. 2311], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:274 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1265 [ref. 22830], Hoff 1999:115 [ref. 24458], Robertson et al. 2017:56 [ref. 35676], Burton & Lea 2019:49 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia liolepis (Gilbert 1890). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: northern California (U.S.A.) south to Costa Rica. Habitat: marine.

liraticeps, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:196, Pl. 45 (figs. 1-1b) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off James Island, Galápagos Islands, 0°04'N, 90°24'30"W, Albatross station 3407, depth 885 fathoms. Lectotype: MCZ 28598. Paralectotypes: MCZ 63301 [ex 28598] (1). Original genus should have been Macrourus. Lectotype selected by Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:46 [ref. 6228]. •Valid as Macrurus liraticeps Garman 1899 -- (Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125]). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides anguliceps (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:45 [ref. 6228], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:203 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1258 [ref. 22830]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides anguliceps (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

longebarbatus, Lionurus pumiliceps Roule [L.] & Angel [F.] 1933:60, Pl. 3 (figs. 28-28c) [Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies sur son yacht par Albert 1er Monaco. Fasc. 86; ref. 3827] South of Madeira, 32°34'45"N, 17°05'30"W, station 3113, depth 1700 meters. Holotype (unique): MOM 0091-1875. Type catalog: Belloc 1949:17 [ref. 21544], Bailly et al. 1999:228 [ref. 24244]. •Valid as Nezumia longebarbata (Roule & Angel 1933) -- (Marshall 1973:292 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:670 [ref. 13676], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:792 [ref. 23897], Bailly et al. 1999:228 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Moore et al. 2003:211 [ref. 27076], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:137 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia longebarbata (Roule & Angel 1933). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

longibarbata, Ventrifossa Okamura [O.] in Okamura et al. 1982:157, Pl. 94 [Fishes of the Kyushu-Palau Ridge and Tosa Bay; ref. 8256] Tosa Bay, Japan, 32°58.0'N, 133°32.0'E, depth 605 meters. Holotype: BSKU 29494. Paratypes: BSKU 30495-96 (2), 34003 (1); ZUMT 54272 (1). •Valid as Ventrifossa longibarbata Okamura 1982 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:94 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:215, 361 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:296 [ref. 18936] as longebarbata, Iwamoto & Williams 1999:228 [ref. 23875], Shinohara et al. 2001:306 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:422 [ref. 26001], Chiou et al. 2004:48 [ref. 27691], Shinohara et al. 2005:418 [ref. 28370], Jeong et al. 2010:319 [ref. 36293], Iwamoto & McCosker 2014:282 [ref. 33298], Iwamoto et al. 2015:110 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa longibarbata Okamura 1982. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan to Taiwan and South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

longibarbis, Macrurus Günther [A.] 1887:139, Pl. 18 (fig. C) [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] Off Matuku, Fiji Islands, Challenger station 173, depth 315 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.94. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Hymenocephalus longibarbis (Günther 1887) -- (Yatou in Okamura et al. 1982:141, 346 [ref. 8256], Paxton et al. 1989:327 [ref. 12442], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:520 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:177 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:757 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:474 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:596 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:338 [ref. 30636], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242], Iwamoto et al. 2011:515 [ref. 31434], Schwarzhans 2014:27 [ref. 33586], Nakayama et al. 2015:504? [ref. 33724], Williams et al. 2018:99 [ref. 36359]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus longibarbis (Günther 1887). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

longicephalus, Coelorhynchus Okamura [O.] in Okamura et al. 1982:177, Pl. 105 [Fishes of the Kyushu-Palau Ridge and Tosa Bay; ref. 8256] Kyushu-Palau Ridge, 27°54.2'N, 134°39.5'E, depth 700 meters. Holotype: BSKU 26144. Paratypes: BSKU 26100-104 (4), 26145-46 (2), 26222-23 (2), 29435 (1), 32223 (1), 29535-36 (2), 30438-39 (2), 30444 (1). [BSKU 26102 is C. gilberti Jordan & Hubbs [ref. 35271].] •Valid as Caelorinchus longicephalus Okamura 1982 -- (Nakabo 2000:435 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:435 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Coelorinchus longicephalus Okamura 1982 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:98 [ref. 6441], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:169 [ref. 18936], McMillan & Iwamoto 2009:45 [ref. 30414]). •Synonym of Coelorinchus tokiensis (Steindachner & Döderlein 1887) -- (Nakayama et al. 2015:[1] [ref. 35271]). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus tokiensis (Steindachner & Döderlein 1887). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific; Kyushu-Palau Ridge south of Japan [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

longiceps, Hymenocephalus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:111, Pl. 23 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Off southeastern Luzon Island, 13°10'21"N, 123°59'54"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5459, depth 201 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 72928. Paratypes: USNM 149297 (2). First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Hymenocephalus longiceps Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Yatou in Okamura et al. 1982:141, 346 [ref. 8256], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:93 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:199, 357 [ref. 8057], Paxton et al. 1989:327 [ref. 12442], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:177 [ref. 23875], Nakabo 2000:419 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:305 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:419 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:417 [ref. 28370], Motomura et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34709], Iwamoto et al. 2015:75 [ref. 35408]). •Synonym of Hymenocephalus longibarbatus (Gunther 1887) -- (Schwarzhans 2014:27 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus longiceps Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Japan to Philippines, Sulu Sea, Bohol Sea and Celebes Sea. Habitat: marine.

longicirrhus, Macrourus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:672, Fig. 263 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Vicinity of Kauai Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4185, depth 1000-1314 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 51592. •Valid as Coryphaenoides longicirrhus (Gilbert 1905) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Mundy 2005:251 [ref. 28379], Nakayama & Endo 2016:[2] [ref. 34404]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides longicirrhus (Gilbert 1905). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands and mid-Pacific seamounts. Habitat: marine.

longifilis, Bathygadus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1885:599 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 8 (no. 543); ref. 1842] 28°47'30"N, 87°27'00"W, Albatross station 2392, depth 724 fathoms. Syntypes: ? CAS-SU 9546 (1), USNM 37338 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:56 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Gadomus longifilis (Goode & Bean 1885) -- (Marshall 1973:288 [ref. 7194], Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:211 [ref. 14275], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:648 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:545 [ref. 16195], Howes & Crimmen 1990:194 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:97 [ref. 18936], Santos et al. 1997:56 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:66 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:771 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto 2003:990 [ref. 27010], Bañón et al. 2013:558 [ref. 33016], Afonso et al. 2016:30, 150 [ref. 36199], Bañón et al. 2016:314 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto 2016:1961 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:135 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Gadomus longifilis (Goode & Bean 1885). Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

longifilis, Coryphaenoides Günther [A.] 1877:439 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 56); ref. 2009] South of Tokyo, Japan, Challenger station 235, depth 565 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.136. •Valid as Coryphaenoides longifilis Günther 1877 -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:24 [ref. 7509], Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:109, 194 [ref. 8379], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:96 [ref. 6441], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:211 [ref. 18936], Shinohara et al. 1996:169 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:426 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:273 [ref. 25968], Shinohara et al. 2001:305 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:426 [ref. 26001], Fedorov et al. 2003:51 [ref. 27579], Møller et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31169], Parin et al. 2014:166 [ref. 33547], Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015:377 [ref. 33958]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides longifilis Günther 1877. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Pacific and Bering Sea; North Atlantic (?). Habitat: marine.

longipes, Hymenocephalus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:109, Pl. 23 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Between Panay and Guymaras, 10°33'30"N, 122°26'00"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5421, depth 137 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 72926. First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Hymenocephalus longipes Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Schwarzhans 2014:29 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus longipes Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

longirostris, Macrurus Günther [A.] 1878:23 [7] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Off East Cape, North Island, New Zealand, Challenger station 169, depth 700 fathoms. Lectotype: BMNH 1887.12.7.137. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1887.12.7.138 (1). Original genus should have been Macrourus. On p. 7 of separate. See also Günther 1887:153, Pl. 41 (fig. B) [ref. 2013]. Lectotype selected by McMillan 1995:87 [ref. 21637]. •Valid as Trachyrincus longirostris (Günther 1878) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:329 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:123 [ref. 24556], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:313 [ref. 18936], Okamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:195 [ref. 16024], Gomon et al. 1994:363 [ref. 22532], McMillan 1995:85 [ref. 21637], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:500 [ref. 25637], Bray et al. 2006:605 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:347 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:838 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Trachyrincus longirostris (Günther 1878). Macrouridae: Trachyrincinae. Distribution: Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

longissimus, Coelorhynchus Matsubara [K.] 1943:140, Fig. 5 [Journal Shigenkagaku Kenkyusyo v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 12783] Kumano-Nada, Japan. Holotype (unique): FAKU 1592 (apparently lost). •Valid as Caelorhinchus longissimus Matsubara 1943 -- (Nakabo 2000:430 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:304 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:430 [ref. 26001], Chiou et al. 2004:43 [ref. 27691], Shinohara et al. 2005:416 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Coelorinchus longissimus Matsubara 1943 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:97 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:223, 366 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936], Choi et al. 2003:209, 538 [ref. 26218], Kim et al. 2009:113 [ref. 30413], Motomura et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34709], Iwamoto et al. 2015:60 [ref. 35408], Nakayama et al. 2020:1 [ref. 37407]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus longissimus Matsubara 1943. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan into East China Sea, Taiwan and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

lophotes, Macrurus Alcock [A. W.] 1889:395 [21] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 4 (no. 23); ref. 81] Bay of Bengal, 21°06'30"N, 89°20'E, Investigator station 1, depth 285-405 fathoms. Syntypes: ZSI F11670-71 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:138 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:38 [ref. 22148]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. On p. 21 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1892: Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [ref. 20531]. •Synonym of Coryphaenoides macrolophus (Alcock 1889) -- (Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:298 [ref. 22071], Jawad & Al-Mamry 2012:2 [ref. 31773]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides macrolophus (Alcock 1889). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

loricatus, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:208, Pl. 47 (figs. 2-2b) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off Galápagos Islands, 0°18'40"N, 90°34'W, Albatross station 3409, depth 327 fathoms; 0°19'N, 90°34'W, station 3410, depth 331 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28576-77 (5). Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Nezumia loricata (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto 1979:174 [ref. 2311], Paxton et al. 1989:328 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:46 [ref. 14125], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:275 [ref. 18936], Gomon et al. 1994:362 [ref. 22532], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1255 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:238 [ref. 24555]). •Valid as Nezumia loricata (Garman 1899), subspecies loricata (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto & McCosker 2001:27 [ref. 25777], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957] with author as loricata). Current status: Valid as Nezumia loricata (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Galápagos Islands (subspecies loricata). Habitat: marine.

lucifer, Macrourus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:113, Pl. 24 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Near Point Tagolo, Mindanao, 8°46'00"N, 123°32'30"E, Albatross station 5516, Philippines, depth 175 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 72929. Paratypes: USNM 148885 (8). First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Ventrifossa lucifer (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto 1979:153 [ref. 2311], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:296 [ref. 18936]). •Valid as Lucigadus lucifer (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Chiou et al. 2004:45 [ref. 27691], Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015:372 [ref. 33958]). Current status: Valid as Lucigadus lucifer (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

luzonensis, Malacocephalus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:541, Fig. 35 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Off western Luzon Island, Philippines, Albatross station 5440, depth 172 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 83626. Paratypes: (4) USNM 135347 (1). •Valid as Malacocephalus luzonensis Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:241 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:187 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761]). •Doubtfully valid; likely a synonym of Malacocephalus laevis (Lowe 1843) -- (Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:341 [ref. 30636], Iwamoto 2016:1985 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Valid as Malacocephalus luzonensis Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

macrocephalus, Nematonurus Maul [G. E.] 1951:17, Figs. 3, 4c [Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal No. 5 (art. 12); ref. 12899] Off Madeira, depth 600-1000 meters. Holotype: MMF 898 (mounted). Paratypes: BMNH 1961.3.1.1 (1); MMF (1, skin). •Valid as Coryphaenoides macrocephalus (Maul 1951) -- (Marshall 1973:296 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:658 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:551 [ref. 16195]). •Questionably a synonym of Coryphaenoides paradoxus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:72 [ref. 6228]). •Valid as Coryphaenoides macrocephalus (Maul 1951) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:212 [ref. 18936]). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides rudis Günther 1878 -- (Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:301 [ref. 22071], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:170 [ref. 23875], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:754 [ref. 25037], Mundy 2005:251 [ref. 28379], Nakayama & Endo 2016:[7] [ref. 34404]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides rudis Günther 1878. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

macrochir, Macrurus Günther [A.] 1877:438 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 56); ref. 2009] Off Inoshima, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan, Inland Sea, Challenger station 232, depth 345 fathoms [631 meters]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.123. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Also appeared in Günther 1887: 148, Pl. 29 (fig. B) [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Abyssicola macrochir (Günther 1877) -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:96 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:221, 364 [ref. 8057], Nakabo 2000:429 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:429 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:416 [ref. 28370], Shinohara et al. 2014:241 [ref. 33330]). •Valid as Caelorinchus macrochir (Günther 1877) -- (Shinohara et al. 1996:169 [ref. 26605], Shinohara et al. 2001:305 [ref. 25995]). •Valid as Coelorinchus macrochir (Günther 1877) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:171 [ref. 18936], Balanov 2003:565 [ref. 27175], Kim et al. 2009:110 [ref. 30413], Parin et al. 2014:164 [ref. 33547], Iwamoto et al. 2015:61 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus macrochir (Günther 1877). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan, East China Sea, Taiwan and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

macrodon, Ventrifossa Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1992:81, Figs 31-32 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 48 (no. 2); ref. 19517] Sala y Gomez Ridge, 24°56.3'S, 88°32.6'W, southeastern Pacific, depth 564-580 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-18132. Paratypes: CAS 51794-96 (2, 3, 2); ZMMU P-17751 (2, lost), P-17752-55 (1, 9, 9, 2), P-18133 (9). Additional material: ZMMU (9 lots, 98). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:63-64 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Ventrifossa macrodon Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992 -- (Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:233 [ref. 23875]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa macrodon Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

macrolepidotus, Macrurus Kaup [J. J.] 1858:91 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 24 (pt. 1); ref. 2576] Unknown locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-7573. Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:231 [ref. 24244]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Synonym of Caelorinchus caelorhincus (Risso 1810) -- (Bailly et al. 1999:231 [ref. 24244]). •Synonym of Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Risso 1810). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Risso 1810). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

macrolepis, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:477, Fig. 14 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] China Sea off southwestern Luzon Island, Philippines, Albatross station 5111, depth 236 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 78220. Paratypes: (orig. 57) CAS-SU 23977 (15), 24043 (19), 26774 (12); USNM 148884 (2), 149301 (4), 149586 (1), 149840 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:57 [ref. 12291]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorhincus macrolepis Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Chiou et al. 2004:301 [ref. 27687]). •Valid as Coelorinchus macrolepis Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus macrolepis Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

macrolophus, Macrurus Alcock [A. W.] 1889:394 [20] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 4 (no. 23); ref. 81] 7 miles southeast by south of Ross Island, Port Blair, Andaman Islands, Investigator station 13, depth 265 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F11776. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:138 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:38 [ref. 22148]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. On p. 20 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1894: Pl. 12 (fig. 1) [ref. 17304]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides macrolophus (Alcock 1889) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:298 [ref. 22071], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377], Jawad & Al-Mamry 2012:1 [ref. 31773], Psomadakis et al. 2020:321 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides macrolophus (Alcock 1889). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

macronemus, Macrourus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:115, Pl. 24 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Near Cagayan Island, Jolo Sea, 9°37'05"N, 121°12'37"E, Albatross station 5424, Philippines, depth 340 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 72931. Additional material or paratypes: SU 25233 (1), USNM 135346 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:58 [ref. 12291]. First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Ventrifossa macronema (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:155, 159 [ref. 8256]). •Valid as Nezumia macronema (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936]). •Valid as Kuronezumia macronema (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Shcherbachev et al. 1992:102 [ref. 20586], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761]). Current status: Valid as Kuronezumia macronema (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

macropogon, Ventrifossa Marshall [N. B.] 1973:658, Fig. 52 [Memoirs of the Sears Foundation of Marine Research Mem. 1 (pt 6); ref. 6965] Caribbean Sea off Jamaica, Oregon station 3560, 16°35'N, 80°10'W, depth 315 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 198187. Paratypes: (21) MCZ 43058 (6), USNM 213541 (4). •Valid as Ventrifossa macropogon Marshall 1973 -- (Iwamoto 1979:152 [ref. 2311], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:151 [ref. 8256], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:301 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:557 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:223 [ref. 23875], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:796 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:776 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:61 [ref. 27192], Bray et al. 2006:606 [ref. 29065], Melo et al. 2010:38 [ref. 30775], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:100 [ref. 37485]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa macropogon Marshall 1973. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) south to Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

macrops, Bathygadus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1885:598 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 8 (no. 543); ref. 1842] Gulf of Mexico, 28°34'N, 86°48'W, Albatross station 2396, depth 335 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 37339. Paratypes: ? CAS-SU [ex USNM 53047] (1, missing), USNM 53047 (now 2). •Valid as Bathygadus macrops Goode & Bean 1885 -- (Geistdoerfer 1990:543 [ref. 16195], Howes & Crimmen 1990:188 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:94 [ref. 18936], Boschung 1992:74 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:767 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto 2003:990 [ref. 27010], Bañón et al. 2013:553 [ref. 33016], Iwamoto 2016:1962 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Valid as Bathygadus macrops Goode & Bean 1885. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

macroptera, Ventrifossa Okamura [O.] in Okamura et al. 1982:149, Pl. 92 [Fishes of the Kyushu-Palau Ridge and Tosa Bay; ref. 8256] Kyushu-Palau Ridge, 27°55.1'N, 134°44.8'E, depth 685-710 meters. Holotype: BSKU 32185. Paratypes: BSKU 30432 (1), 30435-36 (2), 30467-69 (3), 29429 (1), 32153-84 (31), 32186-89 (4), 32192-200 (8). •Valid as Ventrifossa macroptera Okamura 1982 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:94 [ref. 6441], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:303 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:233 [ref. 23875], Nakabo 2000:422 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:422 [ref. 26001], Chiou et al. 2004:48 [ref. 27691], Jeong et al. 2010:318 [ref. 36293], Iwamoto & McCosker 2014:282 [ref. 33298], Iwamoto et al. 2015:111 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa macroptera Okamura 1982. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Kyushu-Palau Ridge to Taiwan and South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

macrorhynchus, Coelorhynchus Weber [M.] 1913:162, 671, Pl. 4 (figs. 2, 2d) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Savu Sea, 9°03.4'S, 119°56.7'E, Siboga station 52, depth 959 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMA 112620. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:66 [ref. 19236]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Coelorhinchus macrorhynchus Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

macrorhynchus, Coelorhynchus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:127, Pl. 29 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Verde Island Passage, Luzon Island, 13°34'37"N, 121°07'30"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5367, depth 180 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 72944. Paratypes: (8) USNM 148888 (4). First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Caelorinchus macrorhynchus Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Iwamoto & Williams 1999:145 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:440 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:587 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus macrorhynchus Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto et al. 2015:62 [ref. 35408] as cf. macrorhynchus, Motomura et al. 2017:54 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus macrorhynchus Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Philippines and Australia. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:446, Fig. 9 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Off southern Luzon Island, Batangas Bay, between Gillolo and Makyan Islands, Philippines, Albatross station 5621, depth 214-298 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 78215. Paratypes: (1 + 6 + 4) USNM. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus maculatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto & Williams 1999:147 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:587 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus maculatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:326 [ref. 12442], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus maculatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

maculicaudus, Hymenocephalus McMillan [P. J.] & Iwamoto [T.] 2014:122, Figs. 4-6 [Zootaxa 3856 (no. 1); ref. 33462] Tasman Sea, Lord Howe Plateau, 34°11.04'S, 162°35.96'E, depth 780-818 meters. Holotype: AMS I 42737-003. Paratypes: AMS, NMNZ, NMV. •Valid as Hymenocephalus maculicaudus McMillan & Iwamoto 2014 -- (McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:805 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus maculicaudus McMillan & Iwamoto 2014. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

maculisquama, Parakumba Trunov [I. A.] 1981:30, fig'd [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 21 (no. 1); ref. 4468] Atlantic, 37°09'S, 7°38'W, depth 1350-1600 meters. Holotype (unique): ZIN 43803. Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:152 [ref. 33662]. •Valid as Kumba maculisquama (Trunov 1981) -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1994:232 [ref. 21459], Iwamoto et al. 2004:202 [ref. 27643]). Current status: Valid as Kumba maculisquama (Trunov 1981). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

magnifilis, Gadomus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:398, Fig. 4 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Off northern Mindanao, Philippines, Albatross station 5515, depth about 700 fathoms [1280 meters]. Holotype: USNM 78208. Paratypes: USNM 78234 (1), 221089 (1). •Valid as Gadomus magnifilis Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Howes & Crimmen 1990:197 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:97 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:119 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1994 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto et al. 2015:42 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Gadomus magnifilis Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Western Pacific, Taiwan and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

magnus, Macrurus (Nematonurus) Gill [T. N.] & Townsend [C. H.] 1897:234 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 11; ref. 1749] Bering Sea, southwest of Pribilof Islands. Holotype: USNM 48770. Paratypes: USNM 48771 (1). Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Synonym of Albatrossia pectoralis (Gilbert 1892) -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:272 [ref. 25968]). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides pectoralis (Gilbert 1892) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:37 [ref. 7509], Burton & Lea 2019:49 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides pectoralis (Gilbert 1892). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

marginatus, Coryphaenoides Steindachner [F.] & Döderlein [L.] 1887:284 [28] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 53 (1. abth.); ref. 4249] Tokyo, Japan. Holotype (unique): ?NMW. •Valid as Coryphaenoides marginatus Steindachner & Döderlein 1887 -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:163, 352 [ref. 8256], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:96 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:219, 363 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:214 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:429 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:305 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:429 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:417 [ref. 28370], Kim et al. 2009:107 [ref. 30413], Parin et al. 2014:167 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides marginatus Steindachner & Döderlein 1887. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

marginatus, Macrurus Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1887:284 [28] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 53 (1. abth.); ref. 4249] Original genus should have been Macrourus. Not available; mentioned in synonomy of Coryphaenoides marginatus; from Tokyo, Japan. Macrouridae: Macrourinae.

marinii, Coelorhynchus Hubbs [C. L.] 1934:1, Pls. 1-2 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 298; ref. 16430] Off the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, 38°52'S, 56°20'W. Holotype: UMMZ 151904 [ex MNHN Buenos Aires 357]. Paratypes: UMMZ 95503 (1). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus marinii Hubbs 1934 -- (Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:60 [ref. 27192], Nión et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35565]). •Valid as Coelorinchus marinii Hubbs 1934 -- (Iwamoto 1990:193 [ref. 21688], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:172 [ref. 18936], Melo et al. 2010:32 [ref. 30775], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus marinii Hubbs 1934. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic to Antarctic. Habitat: marine.

marshalli, Coryphaenoides Iwamoto [T.] 1970:359, Figs. 11-13 [Studies in Tropical Oceanography (Miami) No. 4 (pt 2); ref. 18329] Gulf of Guinea, 4°15'N, 4°27"E, Pillsbury station 309, depth 1280-1318 meters. Holotype: USNM 202772. Paratypes: UF 223292 [ex UMML 23292] (1), 223557 [ex UMML 23557] (1); USNM 208567 [ex TABL 102023] (2), 208568 [ex TABL 102024] (1). •Valid as Coryphaenoides marshalli Iwamoto 1970 -- (Geistdoerfer 1990:552 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides marshalli Iwamoto 1970. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

matamua, Mahia McCann [C.] & McKnight [D. G.] 1980:53, Figs. 36-37 [New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir 61; ref. 2922] Off Gisborne, New Zealand, 38°42'S, 178°33.3'E, depth 828-839 meters. Holotype: NZOI 193. Paratypes: NZOI P270 (2). •Valid as Mahia matamua McCann & McKnight 1980 -- (Iwamoto 1986:336 [ref. 5674], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:132 [ref. 14235], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Caelorinchus matamua (McCann & McKnight 1980) -- (McMillan & Paulin 1993:836 [ref. 21005], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:148 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:449 [ref. 25637] as matamuus, Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Iwamoto et al. 2004:202 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:587 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus matamua (McCann & McKnight 1980) -- (Trunov 1986:26 [ref. 24543], Paxton et al. 1989:326 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:126 [ref. 24556], Arai in Amaoka et al. 1990:177 [ref. 16024], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:173 [ref. 18936], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:143 [ref. 25472], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:330 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:780 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus matamua (McCann & McKnight 1980). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

matsubarai, Coelorhynchus Okamura [O.] in Okamura et al. 1982:167, Pl. 101 [Fishes of the Kyushu-Palau Ridge and Tosa Bay; ref. 8256] Kyushu-Palau Ridge, 28°06.7'N, 134°39.9'E, depth 550-600 meters. Holotype: BSKU 29440. Paratypes: BSKU 29527 (1), 30600-01 (2), 30603 (1), 32226 (1), 32229-46 (33), 32248-49 (2), 32251-57 (7); FUMT-P 1993-1 to 1993-20 (20); HUMZ 68815-18 (4) Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus matsubarai Okamura 1982 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:97 [ref. 6441] as Coelorhynchus, Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936], Sazonov 1994:158 [ref. 22658]). •Valid as Caelorinchus matsubarai Okamura 1982 -- (Nakabo 2000:431 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:431 [ref. 26001], Chiou et al. 2004:302 [ref. 27687], Mundy 2005:249 [ref. 28379], Iwamoto et al. 2009:43 [ref. 30612], Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015:377 [ref. 33958]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus matsubarai Okamura 1982. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

maurofasciatus, Caelorinchus McMillan [P. J.] & Paulin [C. D.] 1993:825, Fig. 5 [Copeia 1993 (no. 3); ref. 21005] Challenger Plateau, 38°40.1-38.7'S, 168°52.7-53.8'E, depth 482-483 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.22979. Paratypes: NMNZ P.7725 (1), 21736-37 (5, 2), 21739-40 (1, 8), 21763 (14), 22982-85 (2, 3, 1, 1). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus maurofasciatus McMillan & Paulin 1993 -- (Iwamoto & Williams 1999:150 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:450 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Iwamoto et al. 2004:199 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:588 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus maurofasciatus McMillan & Paulin 1993 -- (Iwamoto & Graham 2008:142 [ref. 29641], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:331 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:781 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus maurofasciatus McMillan & Paulin 1993. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southern Australia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

mayiae, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:152, Fig. 19b [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] Arafura Sea, Northern Territory, Australia, 9°05.1'S, 133°39.7'E, depth 165-176 meters. Holotype: NTM S.13577-001. Paratypes: CAS 200226 (2); NTM S.13580-001 (2), S.13577-024 (6); QM I.31225 (1); plus additional non-typematerial. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus mayiae Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:588 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus mayiae Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Larson et al. 2013:51 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus mayiae Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Northern Territory, Australia. Habitat: marine.

mccoskeri, Spicomacrurus Iwamoto [T.], Shao [K.-T.] & Ho [H.-C.] 2011:523, Fig. 3A-E [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 87 (no. 3); ref. 31434] Chesterfield Plateau, Coral Sea, 19°45.40'S, 158°45.62'E, depth 650 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1994-0879. Paratypes: CAS 86459 (1); MNHN 1994-0879 (1), 1994-0881 (3). •Valid as Spicomacrurus mccoskeri Iwamoto, Shao & Ho 2011 -- (Schwwarzhans 2014:23 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Valid as Spicomacrurus mccoskeri Iwamoto, Shao & Ho 2011. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Coral Sea (types). Habitat: marine.

mcmillani, Coryphaenoides Iwamoto [T.] & Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 1991:225, Fig. 13 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 47 (no. 7); ref. 19100] 56 kilometers east-northeast of Nowra, New South Wales, Australia, 34°43.95 to 43.98'S, 151°14.74 to 14.28'E, depth 1009-817 meters. Holotype: NMV A6794. Paratypes: CAS 73236 (1); IOM no number (1, 1); NMNZ P.26956-59 (4, 1, 3, 1); NMV A4277 (1), A6893 (1); ZMMU P-17642-43 (1, 1), P-14363 (1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:58 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides mcmillani Iwamoto & Shcherbachev 1991 -- (Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:286 [ref. 22071], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:173 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:465 [ref. 25637], Iwamoto et al. 2004:197 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:592 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:334 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:795 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides mcmillani Iwamoto & Shcherbachev 1991. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

mediterranea, Chalinura Giglioli [E. H.] 1893:344 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 16 (no. 428); ref. 14527] West of Sardinia, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea., 41°18'N, 6°54'02"E, station 11, depth 2805 meters. Lectotype: MZUF 5594 [ex MZUF 2016]. Paralectotypes: MZUF 5595 [ex MZUF 2017] (1). Type catalog: Vanni 1991:223-224 [ref. 20099]. Lectotype selected by Tortonese 1970:430, Fig. 175 [ref. 21834]. •Valid as Chalinura mediterranea Giglioli 1893 -- (Marshall 1973:298 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:653 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:546 [ref. 16195], Santos et al. 1997:55 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:66 [ref. 24952]). •Valid as Coryphaenoides mediterraneus (Giglioli 1893) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:778 [ref. 23897], Pakhorukov 1999:656 [ref. 24883], Iwamoto & Ungaro 2002:30 [ref. 26049], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Iwamoto et al. 2004:202 [ref. 27643], Møller et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31169], Goren & Galil 2015:513 [ref. 33910], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:88 [ref. 37485], Bañón et al. 2016:314 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:134 [ref. 37250], Bariche & Fricke 2020:47 [ref. 37515]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides mediterraneus (Giglioli 1893). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico and Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil); North Atlantic; Mediterranean Sea. Habitat: marine.

mediterraneus, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Ungaro [N.] 2002:28, Figs. 2-5 [Cybium v. 26 (no. 1); ref. 26049] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea), between 41°42'34"-41°44'55"N and 17°34'62"-17°43'47"E, depth 1085-1159 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2001-1204. Paratypes: BMNH 2001.8.17.1-2 (2); CAS 213887 (4); IIBP 16/1984 (1), 17/1984 (1), 38/1986 (1), 45/1984 (1), 69/1997 (1), 70/1997 (5), 89/1997 (2), 200/1997 (1); LBMB 2000.FM.05 (7); MSNMP i3826-27 (1, 1); USNM 365843 (2). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus mediterraneus Iwamoto & Ungaro 2002 -- (Lipej & Dulčić 2010:28 [ref. 36649]). •Valid as Coelorinchus mediterraneus Iwamoto & Ungaro 2002 -- (Kovačić et al. 2020:18 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus mediterraneus Iwamoto & Ungaro 2002. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western and central Mediterranean Sea. Habitat: marine.

megalops, Hymenocephalus Iwamoto [T.] & Merrett [N. R.] 1997:521, Fig. 22a [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 176; ref. 23710] Chesterfield Plateau, southwestern Pacific, 19°36.40'S, 158°49.60'E, depth 770-810 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1994-0890. Paratypes: BMNH 1996.7.19.11-15 (5), 1996.7.19.16-18 (3); CAS 82185-86 (5, 3), 86458 (1), 86485 (1); CSIRO H 1166-01 (1); MNHN 1994-0891 to 0893 (3), 1994-0894 to 0900 (117, 21, 13, 13, 5, 2, 12). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:227 [ref. 24244]. •Valid as Hymenocephalus megalops Iwamoto & Merrett 1997 -- (Iwamoto & Williams 1999:180 [ref. 23875], Bailly et al. 1999:227-228 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:758 [ref. 25037], Bray et al. 2006:596 [ref. 29065], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242], Iwamoto et al. 2011:515 [ref. 31434], McMillan & Iwamoto 2014:132 [ref. 33462], Schwarzhans 2014:59 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus megalops Iwamoto & Merrett 1997. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

melanobranchus, Bathygadus Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:206, Pl. 18 (figs. 1-1e) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Morocco coast, 32°31'N, 9°48'W, station 33, depth 1350 meters. Lectotype: MNHN 1886-0112. Paralectotypes: (95) BMNH 1890.6.16.35-36 [ex MNHN] (now 1); MCZ 27609 (2, missing); MNHN 1886-0096 to 0097 (1, 1), 1886-0102 to 0105 (1, 1, 1, 1), 1886-0111 (1), 1886-0114 to 0115 (1, 1); NRM 5728 [ex MNHN] (1); USNM 42083 (1), 42211 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1972:660-661 [ref. 11384], Bailly et al. 1999:223 [ref. 24244]. Lectotype selected by Eschmeyer 1998:1051 [ref. 23416]. •Valid as Bathygadus melanobranchus Vaillant 1888 -- (Marshall 1973:288 [ref. 7194], Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:212 [ref. 14275], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:646 [ref. 13676], Iwamoto 1986:332 [ref. 5674], Geistdoerfer 1990:543 [ref. 16195], Howes & Crimmen 1990:186 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:95 [ref. 18936], Boschung 1992:74 [ref. 23239], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:142 [ref. 25472], Cervigón 1996:146 [ref. 24489], Santos et al. 1997:54 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:65 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:768 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto 2003:990 [ref. 27010], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:60 [ref. 27192], Bañón et al. 2013:561 [ref. 33016], Bañón et al. 2016:314 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto 2016:1962 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:131 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Bathygadus melanobranchus Vaillant 1888. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

melanobranchus, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Merrett [N. R.] 1997:499, Fig. 11 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 176; ref. 23710] Off southern tip of New Caledonia, 22°59.5'S, 167°22.0'E, depth 490-515 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1994-0911. Paratypes: BMNH 1996.7.19.5 (1); CAS 86493 (1); MNHN 1994-0910 (1), 1997-0658 (1). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:224 [ref. 24244]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus melanobranchus Iwamoto & Merrett 1997 -- (Bailly et al. 1999:224 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:745 [ref. 25037]). •Valid as Coelorinchus melanobranchus Iwamoto & Merrett 1997 -- (Fricke et al. 2011:363 [ref. 31242], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:782 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus melanobranchus Iwamoto & Merrett 1997. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

melanopterus, Gadomus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:658, Fig. 256 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Vicinity of Kaui Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4028, depth 444-478 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 51606. Second specimen tentatively referred and not regarded as a type. •Valid as Gadomus melanopterus Gilbert 1905 -- (Howes & Crimmen 1990:199 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:97 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:119 [ref. 23875], Mundy 2005:248 [ref. 28379]). •See also Pequeño 1997:81 [ref. 23536]. Current status: Valid as Gadomus melanopterus Gilbert 1905. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Pacific: Hawaiian Islands, and possibly Sala-y-Gomez Ridge (southeastern Pacific). Habitat: marine.

melanosagmatus, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Anderson [M. E.] 1999:1079, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 1999 (no. 4); ref. 24193] Andaman Sea, Indian Ocean, 10°39'N, 97°06'E, depth 293 meters. Holotype: CAS 50127. Paratypes: AMS I.39209-001 (2); CAS 50127 (11), 50130 (8), 50165 (1); MNHN 1998-1630 (1); NTM S.14764-001 (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 13783 (1); USNM 351331 (2). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus melanosagmatus Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Chiou et al. 2004:303 [ref. 27687]). •Valid as Coelorinchus melanosagmatus Iwamoto & Anderson 1999 -- (Iwamoto et al. 2009:44 [ref. 30612]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus melanosagmatus Iwamoto & Anderson 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

merretti, Nezumia Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:197, Fig. 42b [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] West of Shoal Point, Western Australia, depth 853 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 2584-20. Paratypes: CSIRO H 1966-01 (1). •Valid as Nezumia merretti Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:601 [ref. 29065], Nakayama & Endo 2012:66 [ref. 32112], Nakayama & Endo 2015:7 [ref. 35270]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia merretti Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Australia and off Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

mexicanus, Cariburus Parr [A. E.] 1946:62, Fig. 19 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 10 (art. 1); ref. 3378] Gulf of Mexico, 29°13'N, 87°44'W, Atlantis station 2853, depth 60-505 fathoms. Holotype: YPM 2211. Paratypes: YPM 8840 (4), 8854 (2). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:15 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides mexicanus (Parr 1946) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:215 [ref. 18936], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:779 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides mexicanus (Parr 1946). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean. Habitat: marine.

microlepis, Coryphaenoides Günther [A.] 1878:26 [10] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Off Matuka, Fiji Islands, Challenger station 173, depth 215 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.104. On p. 10 of separate. See also Günther 1887:142 [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Lucigadus microlepis (Günther 1878) -- (Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:528 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:185 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:766 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:480 [ref. 25637], Bray et al. 2006:598 [ref. 29065], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242], Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015:372 [ref. 33958]). Current status: Valid as Lucigadus microlepis (Günther 1878). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

micronema, Melanobranchus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:661, Fig. 258 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Pailolo Channel, between Maui Island and Molokai Island, Hawaiian Islands, 2°N, 2°24'E, Albatross station 4094, depth 753-787 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 51643. The specific epithet is an indeclinable noun. •Synonym of Gadomus melanopterus Gilbert 1905 -- (Howes & Crimmen 1990:199 [ref. 15692]). •Valid as Bathygadus micronema (Gilbert 1905) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:94 [ref. 18936] as micronemus). Current status: Valid as Bathygadus micronema (Gilbert 1905). Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Pacific. Habitat: marine.

micronychodon, Nezumia Iwamoto [T.] 1970:385, Figs. 17a, 18, 19, 20a [Studies in Tropical Oceanography (Miami) No. 4 (pt 2); ref. 18329] Off Congo, Gulf of Guinea, 3°34'S, 9°58'E, Geronimo station 231, depth 823 meters. Holotype: USNM 203078. Paratypes: MRAC 95890-91 [or 19889-90] (2); UF 19329 [ex TABL 102013] (1), 19330 [ex TABL 102025] (1), 19524 [ex TABL 102036] (3), UF [ex TABL 102014] (4); 223676 [ex UMML 23676] (1); USNM 202781 (3), 208562-63 (4, 1). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:113 [ref. 21035]. •Valid as Nezumia micronychodon Iwamoto 1970 -- (Iwamoto 1986:338 [ref. 5674], Geistdoerfer 1990:559 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:276 [ref. 18936], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:143 [ref. 25472], Iwamoto 2016:1990 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia micronychodon Iwamoto 1970. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic and South Africa. Habitat: marine.

microps, Cetonurus Vaillant [L. L.] in Richard 1905:3 [Bulletin of the Museum of Oceanography Monaco No. 41; ref. 15390] Not available, no distinguishing features presented, from 31°07'N, 24°03'W, sta. 1787, 5413 m. •In the synonymy of Echinomacrurus mollis Roule 1916 -- (Marshall 1973:289 [ref. 7194]). Current status: Synonym of Echinomacrurus mollis Roule 1916. Macrouridae: Macrourinae.

microps, Macrourus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:116, Pl. 25 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Atulayan Island, eastern coast of Luzon Island, 13°37'30"N, 123°41'09"E, Albatross station 5470, Philippines, depth 560 fathoms [1024 meters]. Holotype: USNM 72933. Paratypes: (4) SU 25446 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:58 [ref. 12291]. First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Coryphaenoides microps (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:300 [ref. 22071], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Kim et al. 2009:108 [ref. 30413], Jawad & Al-Mamry 2012:2 [ref. 31773], Iwamoto et al. 2015:70 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides microps (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Philippines, Korea and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

microstomus, Coryphaenoides McMillan [P. J.] 1999:486, Figs. 3-4 [New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 33; ref. 23975] North Chatham Rise, 42°41.7'S, 174°28.0'E, depth 1549-1723 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.34770. Paratypes: NMNZ P.7758 (3). •Valid as Coryphaenoides microstomus McMillan 1999 -- (McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:796 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides microstomus McMillan 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

microstomus, Macrurus Regan [C. T.] 1908:221, Pl. 23 (fig. 2) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Saya de Malha Bank, Indian Ocean, depth 300-500 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.3.23.47. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Mataeocephalus microstomus (Regan 1908) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:245 [ref. 18936], Adam et al. 1998:1 [ref. 23610]). •Synonym of Mataeocephalus acipenserinus (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Sazonov et al. 2003:284 [ref. 27176]). Current status: Synonym of Mataeocephalus acipenserinus (Gilbert & Cramer 1897). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

milleri, Nezumia Iwamoto [T.] 1973:375, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 86 (no. 31); ref. 7568] Off Angola, 17°23'S, 11°20'E, depth 366-412 meters. Holotype: USNM 210594. Paratypes: BMNH 1974.1.31.2 (1), CAS 17862 (2), UF [ex UMML uncat.] (5), USNM 210595 (1). •Valid as Nezumia milleri Iwamoto 1973 -- (Iwamoto 1986:339 [ref. 5674], Geistdoerfer 1990:559 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:278 [ref. 18936], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:143 [ref. 25472], Iwamoto 2016:1981 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia milleri Iwamoto 1973. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

mirus, Coelorhynchus (Paramacrurus) McCulloch [A. R.] 1926:178, Pl. 46 [Biological Results Endeavour v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2947] East of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, depth 150 fathoms. Holotype: AMS I.15247. Paratypes: AMS I.15037-38 (1, 1), I.15246 (1), I.15248 (1). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus mirus McCulloch 1916 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:354 [ref. 22532], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:155 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:450 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Iwamoto et al. 2004:199 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:588 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus mirus McCulloch 1926 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:326 [ref. 12442], Arai in Amaoka et al. 1990:178 [ref. 16024], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Graham 2008:142 [ref. 29641], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:332 [ref. 30636], Williams et al. 2018:99 [ref. 36359]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus mirus McCulloch 1926. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: southern Australia. Habitat: marine.

misakius, Coryphaenoides Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Starks 1904:611, Fig. [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 2526] Sagami Bay, near Misaki, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 8107 (1 of 5, 340 mm). Paratypes: CAS-SU 8107 (4 of 5), USNM 51421 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:57 [ref. 12291]. Types: Shinohara & Williams 2006:551 [ref. 31656] as USNM 51421. •Valid as Ventrifossa misakia (Jordan & Gilbert 1904) -- (Iwamoto 1979:153 [ref. 2311], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:94 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:213, 361 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:304 [ref. 18936], Shinohara et al. 1996:170 [ref. 26605], Sazonov & Shcherbachev 1997:543 [ref. 24697], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:223 [ref. 23875], Nakabo 2000:423 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:306 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:423 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:418 [ref. 28370], Jeong et al. 2010:319 [ref. 36293], Iwamoto et al. 2015:112 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa misakia (Jordan & Gilbert 1904). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan to East China Sea and South China Sea off Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

modificatus, Squalogadus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1916:156, Pl. 8 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 51 (no. 2149); ref. 1636] Bungo Channel, 32°32'N, 132°25'E, off Kyushu, Japan, Albatross station 4956, depth 720 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 76864. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22928 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:59 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Squalogadus modificatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1916 -- (Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:105, 192 [ref. 8379], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:93 [ref. 6441], Paulin et al. 1989:123 [ref. 24556], Geistdoerfer 1990:542 [ref. 16195], Endo et al. 1994:332 [ref. 22169], Shinohara et al. 1996:170 [ref. 26605], Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:482 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:234 [ref. 23875], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:772 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto 1999:1990 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:778 [ref. 25037], Nakabo 2000:435 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:306 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:435 [ref. 26001], Iwamoto 2003:992 [ref. 27010], Bray et al. 2006:604 [ref. 29065], Melo et al. 2010:38 [ref. 30775], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242], Parin et al. 2014:168 [ref. 33547], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:834 [ref. 34263], Iwamoto et al. 2015:118 [ref. 35408], Iwamoto 2016:1965 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:138 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Squalogadus modificatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1916. Macrouridae: Macrouroidinae. Distribution: Cicumglobal, but not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

mollis, Echinomacrurus Roule [L.] 1916:22 [Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique (Monaco) No. 320; ref. 3818] Monaco Trench, Atlantic, 31°07'N, 24°03'W, station 1787, depth 5413 meters. Holotype (unique): MOM 0091-0677. Type catalog: Belloc 1949:16 [ref. 21544], Bailly et al. 1999:226 [ref. 24244]. See also Roule 1919:84, Pl. 4 (figs. 2-2a) [ref. 19805]. •Valid as Echinomacrurus mollis Roule 1916 -- (Marshall 1973:289 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:662 [ref. 13676], Bailly et al. 1999:226 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:135 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Echinomacrurus mollis Roule 1916. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

mortoni, Coelorhynchus Ogilby [J. D.] 1897:83 [15] [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1896; ref. 14636] Derwent River estuary, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: (destroyed). On p. 15 of separate. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Synonym of Caelorinchus australis (Richardson 1839) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:351 [ref. 22532], Bray et al. 2006:585 [ref. 29065]). •Synonym of Coelorinchus australis (Richardson 1839) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:325 [ref. 12442], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:146 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus australis (Richardson 1839). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

mucocephalus, Ventrifossa Marshall [N. B.] 1973:660, Fig. 53 [Memoirs of the Sears Foundation of Marine Research Mem. 1 (pt 6); ref. 6965] Northern coast of Cuba, facing Straits of Florida, 23°05'30"N, 82°35'W, depth 604 meters. Holotype: MCZ 38927. Paratypes: (3) MCZ 43061 [ex MCZ 38927] (1). Additional material: (5). •Valid as Ventrifossa mucocephalus Marshall 1973 -- (Iwamoto 1979:152 [ref. 2311], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:305 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Melo et al. 2010:38 [ref. 30775]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa mucocephalus Marshall 1973. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

multifasciatus, Caelorinchus Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1992:44, Figs. 13-14 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 48 (no. 2); ref. 19517] Sala y Gomez Ridge, 25°07'S, 99°40'W, southeastern Pacific, depth 439-500 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU P-18117. Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:54 [ref. 25714]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus multifasciatus Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992 -- (Pequeño 1997:81 [ref. 23536]). •Valid as Coelorinchus multifasciatus Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992 -- (Iwamoto et al. 2009:44 [ref. 30612]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus multifasciatus Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

multifilis, Bathygadus Günther [A.] 1887:155, Pl. 42 (fig. B) [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] South of Philippines, Challenger station 214, depth 500 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.146. •Valid as Gadomus multifilis (Günther 1887) -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:93 [ref. 6441], Howes & Crimmen 1990:195 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:97 [ref. 18936], Adam et al. 1998:9 [ref. 23610], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:119 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1994 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Iwamoto et al. 2015:43 [ref. 35408] as cf. multifilis). Current status: Valid as Gadomus multifilis (Günther 1887). Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

multispinulosus, Coelorhynchus Katayama [M.] 1942:332, Fig. 1 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 54 (no. 8); ref. 13019] Tsuiyama market, Yogo Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: NSMT-P 18224. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorhinchus multispinulosus Katayama 1942 -- (Nakabo 2000:430 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:304 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:430 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:417 [ref. 28370], Shinohara et al. 2014:241 [ref. 33330]). •Valid as Coelorinchus multispinulosus Katayama 1942 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:97 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:223, 365 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:174 [ref. 18936], Choi et al. 2003:209, 538 [ref. 26218], Kim et al. 2009:113 [ref. 30413], Shinohara et al. 2011:41 [ref. 31715] as Coelorhynchus, Iwamoto et al. 2015:63 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus multispinulosus Katayama 1942. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan to northeast Taiwan and East China Sea. Habitat: marine.

murrayi, Coryphaenoides Günther [A.] 1878:26 [10] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] East of New Zealand, Challenger station 168, depth 1100 fathoms. Syntypes: (5) BMNH 1887.12.7.113 (1) "Presumed holotype", BMNH 1887.12.7.114-117 (orig. 4 [all 5 now in new bottle]). On p. 10 of separate. See also Günther 1887:146, Pl. 34 (fig. A) [ref. 2013]. Original series was apparently 5 specimens of which the presumed holotype and one paratype were found; the paratype is not this species but is Coryphaenoides carapinus according to Iwamoto & Shcherbachev 1991:219 [ref. 19100]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides murrayi Günther 1878 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:130 [ref. 24556], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Shcherbachev 1991:217 [ref. 19100], Miller 1993:575 [ref. 21297], Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:287 [ref. 22071], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:466 [ref. 25637], Iwamoto et al. 2004:197 [ref. 27643], Duhamel et al. 2005:254 [ref. 32059] with question, Bray et al. 2006:592 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:334 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:797 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides murrayi Günther 1878. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

murrayi, Odontomacrurus Norman [J. R.] 1939:49, Fig. 18 [Scientific Reports, John Murray Expedition v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 6556] South of Arabian Sea, station 131D, 01°39'06"S, 61°13'48"E - 02°7'30"S, 61°21'22"E, depth 2500-0 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1939.5.24.685. •Valid as Odontomacrurus murrayi Norman 1939 -- (Marshall 1973:292 [ref. 7194], Paxton et al. 1989:329 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:125 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Geistdoerfer 1990:560 [ref. 16195], Santos et al. 1997:58 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:69 [ref. 24952], Endo 1997:41 [ref. 25134], Porteiro et al. 1999:41 [ref. 24203], Trunov 2001:25 [ref. 25195], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:492 [ref. 25637], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:61 [ref. 27192], Iwamoto et al. 2004:199 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:603 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:344 [ref. 30636], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:824 [ref. 34263], Nakayama et al. 2015:136 [ref. 34107], Iwamoto 2016:1981 [ref. 34585], Quattrini et al. 2017:8 [ref. 35235], Carneiro et al. 2019:137 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Odontomacrurus murrayi Norman 1939. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Circumglobal, but not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

murrayi, Trachyrhynchus Günther [A.] 1887:153, Pl. 41 (fig. A) [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] Faröe Channel, North Atlantic, depth 555 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1887.12.8.84-85 (2), 1887.12.8.86-87 (2). Genus should be Trachyrincus. •Valid as Trachyrincus murrayi Günther 1887 [often as Trachyrhynchus] -- (Marshall 1973:287 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:675 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:304 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:121 [ref. 14674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:313 [ref. 18936], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1995:130 [ref. 22531], Møller et al. 2010:38 [ref. 31169] with genus as Trachyrhynchus, Afonso et al. 2016:30, 288 [ref. 36199]). Current status: Valid as Trachyrincus murrayi Günther 1887. Macrouridae: Trachyrincinae. Distribution: Circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

musorstom, Kumba Merrett [N. R.] & Iwamoto [T.] 2000:762, Fig. 22 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 184; ref. 25037] Norfolk Ridge, New Caledonia region, 25°02.85'S, 168°45.42'E, depth 1098-1480 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1998-232. Type catalog: Allué et al. 2000:100 [ref. 30499]. •Valid as Kumba musorstom Merrett & Iwamoto 2000 -- (Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Kumba musorstom Merrett & Iwamoto 2000. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

mycterismus, Caelorinchus McMillan [P. J.] & Paulin [C. D.] 1993:827, Fig. 6 [Copeia 1993 (no. 3); ref. 21005] Challenger Plateau, 37°39.8-41.8'S, 169°07.1-07.6'E, depth 846-875 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.23003. Paratypes: NMNZ P.10370 (1), 11513 (1), 23004-13 (1, 2, 2, 5, 1, 2, 2, 1, 11, 1). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus mycterismus McMillan & Paulin 1993 -- (Iwamoto & Williams 1999:140 [ref. 23875] specimens tentatively referred, Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:745 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:452 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:588 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus mycterismus McMillan & Paulin 1993 -- (Fricke et al. 2011:363 [ref. 31242], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:783 [ref. 34263], Psomadakis et al. 2020:321 [ref. 37272] as cf. mycterismus). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus mycterismus McMillan & Paulin 1993. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean; southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

myersi, Coryphaenoides Iwamoto [T.] & Sazonov [Yu. I.] 1988:71, Figs. 4e, 20, 27 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 45 (no. 3); ref. 6228] Galápagos Islands, 1°09'S, 90°35'W, depth 250 fathoms. Holotype (unique): CAS 56103. •Valid as Coryphaenoides myersi Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1263 [ref. 22830], Iwamoto & McCosker 2001:27 [ref. 25777], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides myersi Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

mystax, Caelorinchus McMillan [P. J.] & Paulin [C. D.] 1993:829, Fig. 7 [Copeia 1993 (no. 3); ref. 21005] Northern Bay of Islands, 34°54.0-56.0'S, 174°27.6-30.1'E, depth 508-540 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.22990. Paratypes: NMNZ P.22989 (1). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus mystax McMillan & Paulin 1993 -- (Iwamoto & Williams 1999:129 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto et al. 2004:199 [ref. 27643]). •Valid as Coelorinchus mystax McMillan & Paulin 1883 -- (Iwamoto & Graham 2008:142 [ref. 29641], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:110 [ref. 36167], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:784 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus mystax McMillan & Paulin 1993. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand, Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

mystax, Ventrifossa Iwamoto [T.] & Anderson [M. E.] 1994:23, Figs. 12-13 [Ichthyological Bulletin, J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 61; ref. 21495] Off KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 552 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 3188. Paratypes: CAS 50136 (6), 50142 (2), 50149 (1), 66511 (5), 66514-15 (1, 2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 3295 (3), 2913 (1), 3188 (1), 3200 (1), 10314 (6), 10678 (2), 22560 (1), 39235 (6); SAM 27242 (5), 27249-50 (1, 1), 27677-78 (3, 3), 28822 (1), ZMMU P-19410-11 (1, 1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:64 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Ventrifossa mystax Iwamoto & Anderson 1994 -- (Fricke et al. 2018:81 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa mystax Iwamoto & Anderson 1994. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar and Walters Shoal. Habitat: marine.

mysticetus, Macrourus Bonaparte [C. L.] 1841:fasc. 30, punt. 158, Pl. 123 (fig. 1) [Iconografia della fauna italica; ref. 512] Not available, name on plate, but published in the synonymy of Macrourus caelorhynchus (Risso 1810). Macrouridae: Macrourinae.

namatahi, Nezumia McCann [C.] & McKnight [D. G.] 1980:44, Figs. 26-27 [New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir 61; ref. 2922] Off Mahia Peninsula, New Zealand, 42°08'S, 174°53'E. Holotype: NZOI 191. Paratypes: NZOI P269 (1). •Valid as Nezumia namatahi McCann & McKnight 1980 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:329 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:130 [ref. 24556], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Okamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:190 [ref. 16024], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:489 [ref. 25637], Bray et al. 2006:602 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:343 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:821 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia namatahi McCann & McKnight 1980. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Australia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

nascens, Hymenocephalus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:535, Fig. 33 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Vicinity of Sibuko Bay, Borneo, Albatross station 5587, depth 415 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 78229. Paratypes: (67) CAS-SU 25459-61 (5, 9, 7); additional paratypes at USNM. •Valid as Hymenocephalus nascens Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:143, 347 [ref. 8256], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:523 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:177 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:759 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:475 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:596 [ref. 29065], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242], McMillan & Iwamoto 2014:127 [ref. 33462], Schwarzhans 2014:43 [ref. 33586], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:111 [ref. 36167], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:806 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus nascens Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nasutus, Coryphaenoides Günther [A.] 1877:440 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 56); ref. 2009] South of Tokyo, Japan. Syntypes: BMNH 1887.12.7.78-79 (2), ?MNHN 1890-0123 (1). Non-types and possible types: BMNH 1887.12.7.80 (1), 1889.6.30.8-9 (2), NMI block reg. no. 114.1899 (1). Type catalog: Wheeler & O'Riordan 1969:96 [ref. 20752], Bailly et al. 1999:226 [ref. 24244]. Original locality was "South of Yeddo" coresponding to BMNH 1887.12.7.78-79 from Challenger sta. 235, 565 fathoms. •Valid as Coryphaenoides nasutus Günther 1877 -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:165, 351 [ref. 8256], Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:113, 195 [ref. 8379], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:96 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:219, 364 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:216 [ref. 18936], Shinohara et al. 1996:169 [ref. 26605], Bailly et al. 1999:226 [ref. 24244], Nakabo 2000:429 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:305 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:429 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:417 [ref. 28370], Parin et al. 2014:167 [ref. 33547], Iwamoto et al. 2015:71 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides nasutus Günther 1877. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan to East China Sea and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

nasutus, Lionurus Smith [J. L. B.] 1935:176, Fig. 3 [Records of the Albany Museum Grahamstown v. 4; ref. 4066] Off South Africa (exact locality unknown), western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 39 [ex AMG]. •Valid as Ventrifossa nasuta (Smith 1935) -- (Iwamoto 1986:340 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:306 [ref. 18936], Sazonov & Shcherbachev 1997:543 [ref. 24697]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa nasuta (Smith 1935). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

natalensis, Coelorhynchus Fowler [H. W.] 1925:198, Fig. 3 [Annals of the Natal Museum v. 5 (pt 2); ref. 15535] Off Bluff South East, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 35 fathoms. Holotype: ANSP 53067. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:126 [ref. 13621]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Synonym of Coelorinchus denticulatus Regan 1921 -- (Iwamoto 1986:333 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:155 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus denticulatus Regan 1921. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

nazcaensis, Caelorinchus Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1992:46, Figs. 15-16 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 48 (no. 2); ref. 19517] Nazca Ridge, 22°08'S, 81°19'W, southeastern Pacific, depth 235-250 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-18094. Paratypes: CAS 50897-99 (3), 50900 (2), 50948-49 (1, 2); ZMMU P-17699-705 (8, 1, 3, 2, 6, 4, 1). Non-type material: IOM uncat (21); ZMMU (16 lots, 26). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:54 -55 [ref. 25714]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus nazcaensis Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992 -- (Pequeño 1997:81 [ref. 23536]). •Valid as Coelorinchus nazcaensis Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992. Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus nazcaensis Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

neglectissimus, Hymenocephalus Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1992:56, Fig. 19b [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 48 (no. 2); ref. 19517] Sala y Gomez Ridge, 24°56.3'S, 88°32.6'W, southeastern Pacific, depth 580-564 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-18219. Paratypes: ZMMU P-18140 (20), P-18220 (30). Additional material: CAS 75976 (1); ZMMU P-17724 (55), P-17726 (25), P-18217-18 (1, 7), P-18221 (27). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:59-60 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Hymenocephalus neglectissimus Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992 -- (Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536], Schwarzhans 2014:64 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus neglectissimus Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Sala y Gomez Ridge. Habitat: marine.

nesaeae, Hymenocephalus Merrett [N. R.] & Iwamoto [T.] 2000:759, Fig. 21 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 184; ref. 25037] Vanuatu, New Caledonia region, 18°53.29'S, 169°52.65'E, depth 919-1000 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1995-0869. Paratypes: MNHN 1995-0999 (1), 1997-0673 (1). •Valid as Hymenocephalus nesaeae Merrett & Iwamoto 2000 -- (Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242], Schwarzhans 2014:36 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus nesaeae Merrett & Iwamoto 2000. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia (Vanuatu). Habitat: marine.

nigrescens, Mataeocephalus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:125, Pl. 28 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Between Leyte and Mindanao, 9°12'45"N, 125°20'00"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5492, depth 735 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 72942. Paratypes: USNM 149306-13 (1, 1, 1, 4, 1, 2, 1, 3). First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Mataeocephalus nigrescens Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:245 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122]). •Synonym of Mataeocephalus aciperserinus (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Sazonov et al. 2003:284 [ref. 27176]). Current status: Synonym of Mataeocephalus acipenserinus (Gilbert & Cramer 1897). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

nigrodorsalis, Ventrifossa Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:546, Fig. 36 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Off northern coast of Mindanao, Philippines, 8°37'37"N, 124°35'E, Albatross station 5502, depth 214 fathoms [391 meters]. Holotype: USNM 83627. Paratypes: (168) USNM 99449 (1), 135693 (1), 148795 (2), 148974 (5), 148986 (2), 148989 (9), 149030 (11), 149300 (6), 149302 (14), 149362 (4), 149458 (7), 149460 (1), 149478 (4), 149481-89 (2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1), plus 24 more lots. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:37 [ref. 31432]. See also Adam et al. 1998:10 [ref. 23610]. •Valid as Ventrifossa nigrodorsalis Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:147, 348 [ref. 8256], Paxton et al. 1989:329 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:130 [ref. 24556], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:307 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:559 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:224 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:776 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:497 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:606 [ref. 29065], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242], Ho & Shao 2011:37 [ref. 31432], Iwamoto et al. 2015:114 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa nigrodorsalis Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean off western Australia, New Caledonia region, Indonesia north to Philippines, Taiwan and South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

nigromaculatus, Macrourus McCulloch [A. R.] 1907:346, Pl. 63 (figs. 1-1a) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 6 (no. 5); ref. 15157] 35 miles east of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, depth 800 fathoms. Holotype: AMS I.7894. Paratypes: AMS I.7895-97 (1, 1, 1); BMNH 1907.7.4.4 (1). •Valid as Ventrifossa nigromaculatus (McCulloch 1907) -- (Okamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:194 [ref. 16024]). •Valid as Ventrifossa nigromaculata (McCulloch 1907) -- (Iwamoto 1979:153 [ref. 2311], Paxton et al. 1989:330 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:46 [ref. 14125], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:309 [ref. 18936], Gomon et al. 1994:364 [ref. 22532]). •Valid as Lucigadus nigromaculatus (McCulloch 1907) -- (Iwamoto & Williams 1999:184 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:481 [ref. 25637], Bray et al. 2006:598 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:340 [ref. 30636], Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015:372 [ref. 33958], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:813 [ref. 34263], Nión et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35565] as nigromaculata). Current status: Valid as Lucigadus nigromaculatus (McCulloch 1907). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean off Australia, southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

nigromarginatus, Macrourus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:114, Pl. 24 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Near Simaluc Island, 5°33'15"N, 120°15'30"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5569, depth 303 fathoms [554 meters]. Holotype: USNM 72930. Paratypes: USNM 148889 (3), 148897 (1), 148898-909 (1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 3). First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Ventrifossa nigromarginata (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto 1979:153 [ref. 2311], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:147 [ref. 8256], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:296 [ref. 18936]). •Valid as Lucigadus nigromarginatus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto & Williams 1999:185 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015:372 [ref. 33958], Iwamoto et al. 2015:84 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Lucigadus nigromarginatus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines, Indonesia and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

nipponensis, Malacocephalus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1916:189, Pl. 9 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 51 (no. 2149); ref. 1636] Eastern coast of central Hondo, 33°25'10"N, 135°37'20"E, Japan, Albatross station 4967, depth 244-253 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 76866. •Valid as Malacocephalus nipponensis Gilbert & Hubbs 1916 -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:145, 347 [ref. 8256], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:94 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:203, 360 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:241 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:187 [ref. 23875], Nakabo 2000:420 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:306 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:420 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:418 [ref. 28370], Iwamoto et al. 2015:86 [ref. 35408]). •Likely a synonym of Malacocephalus laevis (Lowe 1843) -- (Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:341 [ref. 30636], Iwamoto 2016:1985 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Synonym of Malacocephalus laevis (Lowe 1843). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

nipponica, Regania Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Starks 1904:605, Fig. [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 2526] Suruga Bay, Japan, depth 207-250 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 50931. •Valid as Bathygadus nipponicus (Jordan & Gilbert 1904) -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:93 [ref. 6441], Howes & Crimmen 1990:191 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:94 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:418 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:418 [ref. 26001], Chiou et al. 2004:42 [ref. 27691], Iwamoto et al. 2015:40 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Bathygadus nipponicus (Jordan & Gilbert 1904). Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Southern Japan to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

norvegicus, Lepidoleprus Nilsson [S.] 1832:51 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Norway. No types known. •Synonym of Coryphaenoides rupestris Gunnerus 1765 -- (Marshall 1973:295 [ref. 7194], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:217 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides rupestris Gunnerus 1765. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

notatus, Coelorhynchus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:136, Pl. 30 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Sulu Archipelago, 5°10'00"N, 119°47'30"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5162, depth 230 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 72948. Paratypes: USNM 148987 (3). First author is H. M. Smith. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Coelorinchus notatus Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto et al. 2015:64 [ref. 35408] as cf. notatus). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus notatus Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nudirostris, Haplomacrourus Trunov [I. A.] 1980:5, Figs. 1-2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 20 (no. 1); ref. 4467] Southeastern Atlantic off South Africa, 37°09'S, 7°40'E, depth 1230-1500 meters. Holotype: ZIN 44345. Paratypes: (10) ZMMU P-15098-102 (1, 1, 1, 1, 2), P-17175-76 (1, 1), P-17190 (1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:59 [ref. 25714], Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:152 [ref. 33662]. •Valid as Haplomacrourus nudirostris Trunov 1980 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:327 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:128 [ref. 24556], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:513 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:756 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:472 [ref. 25637], Iwamoto et al. 2004:198 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:594 [ref. 29065], Costa & Mincarone 2010:354 [ref. 37483], Melo et al. 2010:35 [ref. 30775], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:803 [ref. 34263], Quattrini et al. 2017:7 [ref. 35235]). Current status: Valid as Haplomacrourus nudirostris Trunov 1980. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic; southeastern Atlantic; Indo-West Pacific, mostly southern. Habitat: marine.

obliquatus, Macrourus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:670, Fig. 261 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Off eastern coast of Kauai Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4141, depth 437-632 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 51514. •Valid as Nezumia obliquata (Gilbert 1905) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Sazonov 1994:152 [ref. 22658], Mundy 2005:255 [ref. 28379], Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015:378 [ref. 33958]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia obliquata (Gilbert 1905). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

obscuratus, Coelorinchus McMillan [P. J.] & Iwamoto [T.] 2009:46, Figs. 6-7 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 60 (no. 4); ref. 30414] West Norfolk Ridgem 32°3639'S, 167°50.59'E, depth 1331-1345 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.39373. Paratypes: AMS I.42762-006 (2), I.42769-003 (2); CAS 90752 (1), 218477 (2), 218451 (4), 218673 (1); CSIRO H6083-01 (1); NMNZ P.39553 (2); NVA 25175-003 (1). •Valid as Coelorinchus obscuratus McMillan & Iwamoto 2009 -- (McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:785 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus obscuratus McMillan & Iwamoto 2009. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: West Norfolk Ridge and Norfolk Ridge, southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

obtusirostris, Ventrifossa Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1992:84, Figs. 34-35 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 48 (no. 2); ref. 19517] Sala y Gomez Ridge, 25°08.2'S, 99°25'W, southeastern Pacific, depth 750-800 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-18130. Paratypes: CAS uncat. (1), ZMMU P-17756 (3). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:64 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Ventrifossa obtusirostris Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992 -- (Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa obtusirostris Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

occa, Macrurus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1885:595 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 8 (no. 543); ref. 1842] Gulf of Mexico, 28°34'00"N, 86°48'00"W, Albatross station 2396, depth 335 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 37334. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Coelorhynchus occa (Goode & Bean 1885) -- (Marshall 1973:294 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:656 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:549 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:176 [ref. 18936], Arruda 1997:67 [ref. 24952]). •Valid as Caelorinchus occa (Goode & Bean 1885) -- (Boschung 1992:75 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:775 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto & Ungaro 2002:27 [ref. 26049], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Moore et al. 2003:209 [ref. 27076]). •Valid as Coelorinchus occa (Goode & Bean 1885) -- (Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:213 [ref. 14275], Trunov 1984:355 [ref. 16285], McMillan & Iwamoto 2009:49 [ref. 30414], Melo et al. 2010:32 [ref. 30775], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:86 [ref. 37485], Iwamoto 2016:1984 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:133 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus occa (Goode & Bean 1885). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) and Bermuda south to Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico; eastrn Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

occidentalis, Echinomacrurus Iwamoto [T.] 1979:143, Fig. 7b [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 42 (no. 5); ref. 2311] Off Peru, 8°30'S, 85°36'W, Albatross station 4658, depth 2370 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 135612. •Valid as Echinomacrurus occidentalis Iwamoto 1979 -- (Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1254 [ref. 22829]). •Valid as Paracetonurus occidentalis (Iwamoto 1979) -- (Iwamoto & Orlov 2006:384 [ref. 28712]). •Valid as Pseudonezumia occidentalis (Iwamoto 1979). Current status: Valid as Pseudonezumia occidentalis (Iwamoto 1979). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: off Peru. Habitat: marine.

occidentalis, Malacocephalus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1885:597 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 8 (no. 543); ref. 1842] Off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, U.S.A., 35°44'N, 74°51'W, Albatross station 2310, depth 132 fathoms; off Grenada, West Indies. Syntypes: USNM 37336 (apparently 2, deteriorated). •Valid as Ventrifossa occidentalis (Goode & Bean 1885) -- (Scott & Scott 1988:304 [ref. 25518], Geistdoerfer 1990:563 [ref. 16195], McAllister 1990:123 [ref. 14674]). •Valid as Malacocephalus occidentalis Goode & Bean 1885 -- (Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:222 [ref. 14275], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:243 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:187 [ref. 23875], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:788 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:61 [ref. 27192], Moore et al. 2003:210 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:93 [ref. 27807], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2005:178 [ref. 28938], Melo et al. 2010:36 [ref. 30775], Page et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32708], Iwamoto 2016:1986 [ref. 34585], Nión et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35565], Carneiro et al. 2019:136 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Malacocephalus occidentalis Goode & Bean 1885. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

oceanus, Coryphaenoides serrulatus Iwamoto [T.] & Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 1991:222, Fig. 11 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 47 (no. 7); ref. 19100] Walters Shoals, 33°01'S, 44°30'E, depth 970-980 meters. Holotype: ZIN 49767. Paratypes: CAS 66432 (1), 66464 (1), 66468 (7, now 6), 66481 (1); IOM no number (6, 4, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 20); ZMMU P-17636-41 (1, 2, 1, 1, 5, 1), P-17654-55 (1, 1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:58-59 [ref. 25714], Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:153 [ref. 33662].. •Synonym of Coryphaenoides serrulatus Günther 1878, but a valid subspecies oceanus Iwamoto & Shcherbachev 1991 as described -- (Iwamoto et al. 2004:197 [ref. 27643], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:336 [ref. 30636]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides serrulatus Günther 1878. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

okamurai, Coelorinchus Nakayama [N.] & Endo [H.] 2017:[2], Figs. 1-3, 4a-d, 5 [Ichthyological Research v. 65 (no. 1); ref. 35269] Timor Sea, south of Leti Islands, 9°27.0'S, 127°58.6'E - 9°28.5'S, 127°56.1'E, depth 610-690 meters. Holotype: MZB 23338 (ex BSKU 16695). Paratypes: BSKU. •Valid as Coelorinchus okamurai Nakayama & Endo 2017. Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus okamurai Nakayama & Endo 2017. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Timor Sea, eastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

okamurai, Malacocephalus Iwamoto [T.] & Arai [T.] 1987:204, Figs. 1-4 [Copeia 1987 (no. 1); ref. 6779] Mouth of Amazon River, off Brazil, 2°04'N, 47°00'W, Oregon station 2080, depth 125 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 185496. Paratypes: NSMT-P 41083 (6); USNM 156903 (3), 185614 (1), 266317 (1), 278371 (2). •Valid as Malacocephalus okamurai Iwamoto & Arai 1987 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:241 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:187 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:61 [ref. 27192], Melo et al. 2010:36 [ref. 30775], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:95 [ref. 37485]). Current status: Valid as Malacocephalus okamurai Iwamoto & Arai 1987. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Guianas south to Bahia (Brazil). Habitat: marine.

oliverianus, Coelorhynchus Phillipps [W. J.] 1927:125, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 58 (pts 1-2); ref. 15816] Island Bay, Cook Strait, New Zealand. Syntypes: NMNZ P.330 (2). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:9 [ref. 18942]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus oliverianus Phillipps 1927 -- (McMillan & Paulin 1993:837 [ref. 21005]). •Valid as Coelorinchus oliverianus Phillipps 1927 -- (Arai in Amaoka et al. 1990:179 [ref. 16024], Paulin et al. 1989:127 [ref. 24556], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:177 [ref. 18936], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:786 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus oliverianus Phillipps 1927. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

orbitalis, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:207, Pl. 47 (figs. 1, 1b) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Gulf of Panama, 7°32'36"N, 79°16'W, Albatross station 3385, depth 286 fathoms. Lectotype: MCZ 28578. Paralectotypes: MCZ 50956 [ex MCZ 25878] (5); USNM 57856 (2). Original genus should have been Macrourus. Lectotype selected by Iwamoto 1979:168 [ref. 2311]. •Valid as Nezumia orbitalis (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto 1979:167 [ref. 2311], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:279 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1265 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:237, 238 [ref. 24555], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia orbitalis (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

oreinos, Coryphaenoides Iwamoto [T.] & Sazonov [Yu. I.] 1988:68, Figs. 3e, 24-26 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 45 (no. 3); ref. 6228] Dowd Tablemount off Mexico, 13°27.5'N, 119°54.8'W, depth 1200-1626 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 44088. Paratypes: FAKU 119019 [ex FSFRL NA-281] (1), 119105 [ex FSFRL NA-349] (1); NSMT-P 44080 (1); MCZ 28600 (1, also paralectotype of Macrurus bucephalus). •Valid as Coryphaenoides oreinos Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides oreinos Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ori, Macruroplus Smith [J. L. B.] 1968:4, Pl. 2 [Investigational Report. Oceanographic Research Institute, Durban No. 19; ref. 7917] Off Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 230 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 35. See Iwamoto et al. 2004:202 [ref. 27643]. •Valid as Ventrifossa ori (Smith 1968) -- (Iwamoto 1979:153 [ref. 2311], Iwamoto 1986:341 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:296 [ref. 18936]). •Valid as Lucigadus ori (Smith 1968) -- (Iwamoto & Williams 1999:184 [ref. 23875], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:61 [ref. 27192], Bray et al. 2006:598 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015:372 [ref. 33958], Fricke et al. 2018:81 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Lucigadus ori (Smith 1968). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: South Africa to Comoros and northern Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

orthogrammus, Macrourus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:123, Pl. 27 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Gomomo Island, 1°55'00"S, 127°42'30"E, Indonesia, Albatross station 5636, depth 1262 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 72940. First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Coryphaenoides orthogrammus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides orthogrammus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

osipullus, Coelorinchus McMillan [P. J.] & Iwamoto [T.] 2009:40, Figs. 1-3 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 60 (no. 4); ref. 30414] Loyalty Ridge, 23°31.15'S, 169°36.64'E, depth 685-831 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1998-237. Paratypes: BMNH 1997.5.21.35 (1), 1997.5.21.39(1), 197.5.21.63 (1); CAS 90982 (1), 90984 (1); CSIRO H6005-04 (1); MNHN 1996-363 [ex NMNZ P.27431] (1), 1998-235 (1); 1998-322 (1); NMNZ P.40991 [ex CAS 90670] (1) •Valid as Coelorinchus osipullus McMillan & Iwamoto 2009 -- (Nakayama et al. 2015:[12] [ref. 35271]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus osipullus McMillan & Iwamoto 2009. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Seamounts of Loyalty and Norfolk ridges between New Caledonia and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

paepkei, Kuronezumia Shcherbachev [Yu. N.], Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1992:103, Figs. 7-8 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 48 (no. 3); ref. 20586] Indian Ocean off Kenya, 3°07'S, 40°45'E, Valdivia station 249, depth 748 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMB 17641. •Valid as Kuronezumia paepkei Shcherbachev, Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992. Current status: Valid as Kuronezumia paepkei Shcherbachev, Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

pallida, Kuronezumia Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1992:65, Figs. 24, 25a [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 48 (no. 2); ref. 19517] Sala y Gomez Ridge, 25°00'S, 88°30'W, southeastern Pacific, depth 550 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-17730. Paratypes: ZMMU P-17731 (1). Non-type material: ZMMU P-18066 (1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:61 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Kuronezumia pallida Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992 -- (Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:181 [ref. 23875], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:597 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:339 [ref. 30636]). Current status: Valid as Kuronezumia pallida Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific and Australia. Habitat: marine.

pantherinus, Phalacromacrurus Maul [G. E.] & Koefoed [E.] 1950:972, Fig. 973 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 3 (no. 35) (art. 88); ref. 2919] Northeastern Atlantic, Michael Sars station 53, 34°59'N, 33°01'W, 2600 meters wire out. Holotype: ZMUB 4473. Paratypes: ZMUB 4472 (?); MMF (2). Type catalog: Frøiland 1979:148 [ref. 21547]. •Synonym of Odontomacrurus murrayi Norman 1939 -- (Marshall 1973:292 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:672 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:561 [ref. 16195], Endo 1997:41 [ref. 25134], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:344 [ref. 30636], Nakayama et al. 2015:136 [ref. 34107]). Current status: Synonym of Odontomacrurus murrayi Norman 1939. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

papyraceus, Hymenocephalus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Starks 1904:614, Fig. [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 2526] Sagami Bay, Japan, depth 120-265 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 50935. Types: Shinohara & Williams 2006:551 [ref. 31656]. •Valid as Hymenocephalus papyraceus Jordan & Gilbert 1904 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:94 [ref. 6441] as papiraceus, Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Sazonov 1993:446 [ref. 22801], Nakabo 2000:419 [ref. 25086] as papiraceus, Nakabo 2002:419 [ref. 26001], Schwarzhans 2014:37 [ref. 33586], Nakayama et al. 2015:504? [ref. 33724], Iwamoto et al. 2015:76 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus papyraceus Jordan & Gilbert 1904. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and East China Sea. Habitat: marine.

paradoxus, Macrourus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:115, Pl. 25 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Off eastern Palawan Island, 9°13'00"N, 118°51'15"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5428, depth 1105 (2021 meters) fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 72932. First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Coryphaenoides paradoxus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:72 [ref. 6228], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Pequeño 1997:81 [ref. 23536], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761]). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides rudis Günther 1878 -- (Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:301 [ref. 22071], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:170 [ref. 23875], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:754 [ref. 25037], Mundy 2005:251 [ref. 28379], Nakayama & Endo 2016:[7] [ref. 34404]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides rudis Günther 1878. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

parallelus, Macrurus Günther [A.] 1877:439 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 56); ref. 2009] Off Inoshima, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan, Inland Sea, Challenger station 232, depth 345 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1887.12.7.65-68 (4), ?1887.12.7.69 (1); MNHN 1890-0125 [ex BMNH] (1); NMI block reg. no. 114.1899 (1); ZIN 11718 (1). Syntypes (renamed kermadecus): BMNH 1887.12.7.60 and .61 and .62 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Wheeler & O'Riordan 1969:95 [ref. 20752], Bailly et al. 1999:231 [ref. 24244], Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:152 [ref. 33662]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Number of specimens involved in original description unknown, 8 specimens listed in Günther 1887:125 [ref. 2013] from off Inosima [Inoshima]. •Valid as Caelorinchus parallelus (Günther 1877) -- (Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:490 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto et al. 1999:52 [ref. 23763], Bailly et al. 1999:231 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:746 [ref. 25037], Nakabo 2000:433 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:304 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:433 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:417 [ref. 28370], Bray et al. 2006:589 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus parallelus (Günther 1877) [sometimes as Coelorhynchus] -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:42 [ref. 19756], Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:113, 196 [ref. 8379], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:98 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:245, 370 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:178 [ref. 18936], Arruda 1997:67 [ref. 24952], Kim et al. 2009:113 [ref. 30413], Fricke et al. 2011:363 [ref. 31242], Shinohara et al. 2014:242 [ref. 33330], Iwamoto et al. 2015:65 [ref. 35408], Carneiro et al. 2019:133 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus parallelus (Günther 1877). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan to Taiwan, East China Sea, South China Sea and southwest Pacific. Habitat: marine.

paramarshalli, Coryphaenoides Merrett [N. R.] 1983:266, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 22 (no. 3); ref. 8306] West of Cap Blanc, eastern North Atlantic, 20°57.5'N, 18°13.7'W. Holotype: BMNH 1981.7.13.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1981.7.13.2-5 (4); USNM 208567-68 [referred to as TABL 102023-24 by T. Iwamoto, 1970] (2). •Valid as Coryphaenoides paramarshalli Merrett 1983 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Trunov 2001:25 [ref. 25195], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides paramarshalli Merrett 1983. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

pardus, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:159, Fig. 19a [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] Arafura Sea, Northern Territory, Australia, 9°39.3'S, 133°04.4'E, depth 123 meters. Holotype: NTM S.13551-001. Paratypes: AMS uncat. (2); BPBM 38460 (2); BSKU 85717-18 [ex NTM 13547-001] (2); CAS 200227 (4); NTM S.10774-001 (3), S.12902-027 (12), S.12903 (4), S.12923-003 (6); QM I.31224 (3), S.13313-013 (1), S.13313-028 (12), S.13547-001 (11), S.13548-001 (8), S.13550 (5), S.13551-001 (5), S.13577 (2), S.13578-001 (6). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus pardus Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:589 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus pardus Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Larson et al. 2013:51 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus pardus Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

parini, Nezumia Hubbs [C. L.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1977:246, Figs. 8, 11 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 41 (no. 7); ref. 2257] Mid-equatorial Pacific, 00°01.3'-0.2'S, 155°01.1'-154°59.8'W. Holotype: SIO 73-165. Paratypes: CAS 15996 (3), 29194 (2), 29414 (1); LACM 10279 (1); IOM [PPSIO] (9 lots); SIO 69-496 (1), 73-164 (1), 73-165 (1), 73-171 (1); USNM 215324-25 (1, 1); ZMUC (2 lots). •Valid as Nezumia parini Hubbs & Iwamoto 1977 -- (Iwamoto 1979:176 [ref. 2311], Pequeño 1989:46 [ref. 14125], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1265 [ref. 22830], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia parini Hubbs & Iwamoto 1977. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

parvifasciatus, Caelorinchus McMillan [P. J.] & Paulin [C. D.] 1993:830, Fig. 8 [Copeia 1993 (no. 3); ref. 21005] Chatham Rise, off New Zealand, 43°46.0-48.4'S, 174°06.2-07.6'E, depth 418-435 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.22978. Paratypes: NMNZ P.3550 (2), 5002 (1), 7586 (1), 13067 (1), 13073 (2), 13101 (3), 15123 (1), 17472 (1), 22826-27 (5, 1), 22833 (5), 22828-32 (8, 2, 2, 1, 1). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus parvifasciatus McMillan & Paulin 1993 -- (Iwamoto & Graham 2001:453 [ref. 25637], Iwamoto et al. 2004:199 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:589 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus parvifasciatus McMillan & Paulin 1993 -- (Iwamoto & Graham 2008:142 [ref. 29641], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:787 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus parvifasciatus McMillan & Paulin 1993. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

parvipes, Macrourus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:124, Pl. 28 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Gomomo Island, 1°55'00"S, 127°42'30"E, Indonesia, Albatross station 5636, depth 1262 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 72941. Additional material or paratypes: USNM 148893-96 (2, 1, 1, 1). •Valid as Pseudonezumia parvipes (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:545 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:208 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:773 [ref. 25037], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Pseudonezumia parvipes (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

patagoniae, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Thompson [W. F.] in Thompson 1916:475, Pl. 6 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 50 (no. 2133); ref. 4391] Between Wellington Island and the mainland on the western coast of Patagonia, Albatross station 2784, depth 194 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 76862. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Synonym of Coelorinchus fasciatus (Günther 1878) -- (Iwamoto 1990:192 [ref. 21688], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:156 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus fasciatus (Günther 1878). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

paxtoni, Ventrifossa Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:228, Fig. 55 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] Off Sugarloaf Point, New South Wales, Australia, depth 880-950 meters. Holotype: AMS I.27647-002. Paratypes: AMS I.15822 (2), I.27647-002 (1), I.28189-005 (2), I.24990-001 (1), I.29753-008 (4), I.29805-001 (1), I.26981-005 (5 of 6); BMNH 1996.7.19.38, 46-58 (14); CAS 86476 (1); MNHN 1994-1010 (6), 1997-0668 (1). •Valid as Ventrifossa paxtoni Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:777 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:499 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:606 [ref. 29065], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa paxtoni Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean off western Australia. Habitat: marine.

pectoralis, Macrurus (Malacocephalus) Gilbert [C. H.] 1892:563 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 14 (no. 880); ref. 1626] Off Washington, U.S.A., depth 685-877 fathoms. Syntypes: USNM 47235-36 (1, 1). Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Coryphaenoides pectoralis (Gilbert 1892) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:37 [ref. 7509], Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:109, 193, 251, 325 [ref. 8379], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:96 [ref. 6441], Peden et al. 1985:10 [ref. 24081], Nakabo 2000:426 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:426 [ref. 26001], Page et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:110 [ref. 35888]). •Valid as Albatrossia pectoralis (Gilbert 1892) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:110 [ref. 18936], McAllister 1990:121 [ref. 14674], Endo et al. 1993:219 [ref. 21797], Shinohara et al. 1996:168 [ref. 26605], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:22 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:272 [ref. 25968], Brickle & Laptikhovsky 2002:493 [ref. 26485], Fedorov et al. 2003:50 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:92 [ref. 27807], Parin et al. 2014:164 [ref. 33547], Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015:377 [ref. 33958]). Current status: Valid as Albatrossia pectoralis (Gilbert 1892). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pepperi, Gadomus Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:119, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] Exmouth Plateau, off west coast of Australia, depth 913-914 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 2541-04. Paratypes: AMS I.20920-004 (1), I.24059-002 (4 of 7); CSIRO H 2563-05 (3), H 3008-12 (2), H 3017-01 (2). •Valid as Gadomus pepperi Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Iwamoto & Graham 2001:426 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:594 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:319 [ref. 30636]). Current status: Valid as Gadomus pepperi Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Southern and southwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

petersonii, Macrurus Alcock [A. W.] 1891:121 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 8 (no. 43/44); ref. 87] Andaman Sea, 11°31'40"N, 92°46'06"E, Investigator station 115, depth 188-220 fathoms. Syntypes: ZSI F13117-18 (2). Non-types: BMNH 1898.7.13.14 (1), 1898.7.13.15 [ex ZSI] (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:139 [ref. 20743] as patersonii. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Figured in Alcock 1892: Pl. 3 (fig. 5) [ref. 20531]. •Valid as Ventrifossa petersonii (Alcock 1891) -- (Iwamoto 1979:152 [ref. 2311], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:159 [ref. 8256] as petersoni, Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:310 [ref. 18936] as petersoni, Adam et al. 1998:10 [ref. 23610] as petersoni, Iwamoto & Williams 1999:228 [ref. 23875] as petersoni, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa petersonii (Alcock 1891). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

phalacra, Macrosmia Merrett [N. R.], Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 1983:554, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 22 (no. 5); ref. 6672] Ninety East Ridge, southeastern Indian Ocean, 17°04.8'S, 88°09.0'E, depth 1650-1660 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-15390. Paratypes: BMNH 1980.12.31.2 (1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:61 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Macrosmia phalacra Merrett, Sazonov & Shcherbachev 1983 -- (Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:767 [ref. 25037], Costa & Mincarone 2010:354 [ref. 37483], Melo et al. 2010:35 [ref. 30775], Iwamoto et al. 2015:85 [ref. 35408], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:93 [ref. 37485], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Valid as Macrosmia phalacra Merrett, Sazonov & Shcherbachev 1983. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Atlantic; Indian Ocean; southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

piriei, Cynomacrurus Dollo [L.] 1909:320 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh v. 29 (pt 4, no. 18); ref. 1137] Weddell Sea, Antarctic Ocean, 71°50'S, 23°30'W, Scotia station 414, depth 2102 fathoms. Holotype (unique): NMSZ 1921.143.0358. Type catalog: Herman et al. 1990:3 [ref. 20727]. •Valid as Cynomacrurus piriei Dollo 1909 -- (Trunov 1986:23 [ref. 24543] as priei, Paxton et al. 1989:327 [ref. 12442], Iwamoto 1990:201 [ref. 21688], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:223 [ref. 18936], Trunov 1999:463 [ref. 24579], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:471 [ref. 25637], Iwamoto et al. 2004:202 [ref. 27643], Duhamel et al. 2005:256 [ref. 32059], Bray et al. 2006:594 [ref. 29065], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:802 [ref. 34263], Nión et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Cynomacrurus piriei Dollo 1909. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

platorhynchus, Coelorhynchus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:133, Pl. 30 (fig. 1), Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Sipadan Island, 4°07'00"N, 118°49'54"E, Borneo, Sabah, Malaysia, Albatross station 5585, depth 476 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 72946. Paratypes: (3 + 3 + 1). First author is H. M. Smith. Also a form alpha was described, but it is regarded as unavailable; the specimens representing form alpha are not types of platorhynchus. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus platorhynchus Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:502 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:747 [ref. 25037]). •Valid as Coelorinchus platorhynchus Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936], Fricke et al. 2011:363 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus platorhynchus Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

polli, Coelorhynchus coelorhynchus Marshall [N. B.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1973:562, Figs. 11 E, 17 [Memoirs of the Sears Foundation of Marine Research Mem. 1 (pt 6); ref. 6966] Off Kunene River, Angola, 17°13'S, 11°27'E, depth 238 meters. Holotype: USNM 206490. Paratypes: BMNH 1971.10.22.22-23 (2); CAS 13647 (2); MRAC 95782-83 (2); UF 23936 [ex TABL 107698] (7); USNM 206491 (9 or 10). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Synonym of Coelorinchus coelorhinchus (Risso 1810), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Iwamoto 1986:333 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:154 [ref. 18936], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:142 [ref. 25472]). •Valid as Coelorhynchus polli Marshall & Iwamoto 1973 -- (Geistdoerfer 1990:549 [ref. 16195]). •Valid as Coelorinchus polli Marshall & Iwamoto 1973 -- (Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus polli Marshall & Iwamoto 1973. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

polylepis, Macrurus Alcock [A. W.] 1889:395 [21] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 4 (no. 23); ref. 81] Bay of Bengal, 20°17'30"N, 88°51'E, Investigator station 14, 193 fathoms depth, and 19°35'N, 92°24'E, Investigator station 6, depth 272 fathoms. Syntypes: ZSI F11678 (1) station 14, F11724 (1) station 6. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:138 [ref. 20743]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. On p. 21 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1900: Pl. 29 (figs. 4, 4a) [ref. 20536]. •Synonym of Nezumia semiquincunciata (Alcock 1889) -- (Iwamoto 1986:339 [ref. 5674]). •Valid as Nezumia polylepis (Alcock 1889) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia polylepis (Alcock 1889). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

posteromaculatus, Coelorinchus Nakayama [N.], Prokofiev [A. M.] & Kawai [T.] 2020:2, Figs. [Ichthyological Research Online First; ref. 37407] Holotype. Paratypes: •Valid as Coelorinchus posteromaculatus Nakayama, Prokofiev & Kawai 2020. Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus posteromaculatus Nakayama, Prokofiev & Kawai 2020. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

potronus, Macruroplus Pequeño [G.] 1971:290, Fig. 15 [Boletin do Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Chile v. 32; ref. 7455] Southeastern Pacific, 34°58'S, 72°36'W, depth 200 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHNC P.5545. Type catalog: Meléndez C. et al. 1993:93 [ref. 24124]. •Synonym of Ventrifossa nigromaculata (McCulloch 1907) -- (Iwamoto 1979:153 [ref. 2311]). •Valid as Macruroplus potronus Pequeño 1971 -- (Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:140 [ref. 14235]). •Probably in the genus Lucigadus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Current status: Valid as Lucigadus potronus (Pequeño 1971). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Pacific. Habitat: marine.

productus, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1916:175, Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 51 (no. 2149); ref. 1636] Suruga Gulf, 35°05'30"N, 138°39'50"E, Japan, Albatross station 5059, depth 197-297 fathoms [360-543 meters]. Holotype: USNM 76865. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22977 (2), USNM 76872-73 (2, 4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:57 [ref. 12291]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus productus Gilbert & Hubbs 1916 -- (Nakabo 2000:434 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:304 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:434 [ref. 26001], Chiou et al. 2004:44 [ref. 27691], Shinohara et al. 2005:417 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Coelorinchus productus Gilbert & Hubbs 1916 -- (Yatou in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:233, 369 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:179 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto et al. 2015:66 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus productus Gilbert & Hubbs 1916. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

profundicola, Chalinura Nybelin [O.] 1957:268, Pls. 2 (figs. 1-5), 3 (figs. 5-8) [Reports of the Swedish Deep-Sea Expedition 1947-1948 v. 2 (Zool.) (fasc. 3) (art. 20); ref. 3235] North Atlantic, 22°31'N, 23°28'W to 22°41'N, 23°10'W, station 319, depth 4872-4867 meters. Holotype: NMG (smaller spec. of 2 from sta. 319). Paratypes: (4 + 1) NMG. Holotype established on p. 270. •Valid as Chaulinura profundicola Mybelin 1957 -- (Marshall 1973:298 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:654 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:547 [ref. 16195]). •Valid as Coryphaenoides profundicolus (Nybelin 1957) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585], Vieira et al. 2016:[5] [ref. 34869] as cf. profundicolus, Carneiro et al. 2019:134 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides profundicolus (Nybelin 1957). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: including Azores and Madeira. Habitat: marine.

propinquus, Macrourus Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] 1897:424, Pl. 42 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1114); ref. 1635] Off Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3475, 21°08'N, 157°43'W, depth 351 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 47741. Paratypes: (1). •Valid as Nezumia propinqua (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:163, 350 [ref. 8256] as propinquus, Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:95 [ref. 6441] as propinquus, Iwamoto 1986:339 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:280 [ref. 18936], Shinohara et al. 1996:170 [ref. 26605], Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:541 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:199 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:772 [ref. 25037], Nakabo 2000:425 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:490 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:425 [ref. 26001], Iwamoto et al. 2004:202 [ref. 27643], Mundy 2005:255 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:602 [ref. 29065], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:822 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia propinqua (Gilbert & Cramer 1897). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Hawaiian Islands and southeastern Pacific, north to Kyushu-Palau Ridge, south to New Caledonia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

proximus, Macrourus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:119, Pl. 26 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Sogod Bay, Leyte Island, 10°12'00"N, 125°04'10"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5202, depth 502 fathoms [918 meters]. Holotype: USNM 72936. Paratypes: USNM 135338-39 (1, 1). First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Nezumia proxima (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:163, 351 [ref. 8256], Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:107, 192 [ref. 8379], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:95 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:217, 362 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:281 [ref. 18936], Shinohara et al. 1996:170 [ref. 26605], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Nakabo 2000:424 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:306 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:424 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:418 [ref. 28370], Iwamoto et al. 2015:93 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia proxima (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan, Philippines and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

pseudoparallelus, Coelorinchus Trunov [I. A.] 1983:895, Figs. 1-2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 23 (no. 6); ref. 8205] Southeastern Atlantic, Discovery Seamount, 42°02'S, 0°07'W [ or 0°07'E], depth 800-900 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-16016. Paratypes: ZMMU P-16017 (1), P-17145-46 (3, 2). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:51-52 [ref. 25714]. •Synonym of Coelorinchus acanthiger Barnard 1925 -- (Iwamoto 1986:333 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:139 [ref. 18936]). •Synonym of Caelorinchus acanthiger Barnard 1925 -- (Iwamoto & Williams 1999:123 [ref. 23875]). •Valid as Caelorinchus pseudoparallelus Trunov 1983 -- (Iwamoto et al. 2004:202 [ref. 27643]). •Valid as Coelorinchus pseudoparallelus Trunov 1983. Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus pseudoparallelus Trunov 1983. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: South Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

pterotum, Ateleobrachium Gilbert [C. H.] & Burke [C. V.] 1912:94, Fig. 37 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 30 (Doc. 754) (for 1910); ref. 1634] Off Avatcha Bay, 52°37.5'N, 158°50.0'E, east coast of Kamchatka, Albatross station 4797, depth 300 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 74398. •Synonym of Coryphaenoides pectoralis (Gilbert 1892). •Synonym of Albatrossia pectoralis (Gilbert 1892) -- (Endo et al. 1993:219 [ref. 21797], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:272 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2014:164 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Albatrossia pectoralis (Gilbert 1892). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

pudens, Nezumia Gilbert [C. H.] & Thompson [W. F.] in Thompson 1916:472, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 50 (no. 2133); ref. 4391] Off Lota, Chile, 38°08'S, 75°53'W, depth 677 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 76860. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22727 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:59 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Nezumia pudens Gilbert & Thompson 1916 -- (Iwamoto 1979:163 [ref. 2311], Pequeño 1989:46 [ref. 14125], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:282 [ref. 18936], Wilson 2001:32 [ref. 25944]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia pudens Gilbert & Thompson 1916. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pulchellus, Macruroplus Pequeño [G.] 1971:293, Fig. 17 [Boletin do Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Chile v. 32; ref. 7455] Southeastern Pacific, 25°26'S, 70°37'W, depth 374-424 meters. Holotype: MNHNC P.5546. Paratypes: MNHNC P.5547-58 (1 ea.). Type catalog: Meléndez C. et al. 1993:93-95 [ref. 24124]. •Valid as Nezumia pulchella (Pequeño 1971) -- (Iwamoto 1979:159 [ref. 2311], Pequeño 1989:46 [ref. 14125], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:283 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1255 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:238 [ref. 24555]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia pulchella (Pequeño 1971). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pumiliceps, Macrurus Alcock [A. W.] 1894:125 [11] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 63 (pt 2); ref. 90] Laccadive Sea, 7°05'45"N, 75°04'E, Investigator station 150, depth 719 fathoms. Syntypes: ZSI F13561-62 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:139 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:38 [ref. 22148]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. On p. 11 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1895: Pl. 16 (fig. 3) [ref. 20532]. •Valid as Sphagemacrurus pumiliceps (Alcock 1894) -- (Iwamoto 1986:339 [ref. 5674], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:288 [ref. 18936], Adam et al. 1998:10 [ref. 23610], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:549 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:210 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:773 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Iwamoto et al. 2004:199 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:603 [ref. 29065], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:825 [ref. 34263], Iwamoto et al. 2015:100 [ref. 35408], Fricke et al. 2018:81 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Sphagemacrurus pumiliceps (Alcock 1894). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Widespread in the Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

punctulata, Kumba Iwamoto [T.] & Sazonov [Yu. I.] 1994:233, Figs. 6-7 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 48 (no. 11); ref. 21459] Off New Caledonia, 20°54'S, 168°21'02"E, depth 530 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1994-0034. Paratypes: ZMMU P-17762 (1). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:228 [ref. 24244], Vasil'eva et al. 2001:61 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Kumba punctulata Iwamoto & Sazonov 1994 -- (Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:526 [ref. 23710], Bailly et al. 1999:228 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:764 [ref. 25037], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242], Iwamoto et al. 2015:80 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Kumba punctulata Iwamoto & Sazonov 1994. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Vanuatu, New Caledonia and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

punt, Hymenocephalus Schwarzhans [W.] 2014:52, Figs. 25-26 [Zootaxa 3888 (no. 1); ref. 33586] Off Western Socotra, Yemen, 12°18' to 12°14'N, 53°09'-53°06'E, depth 375-380 meters. Holotype: ZMMGU P-23599. Paratypes: BMNH, USNM and ZMMGU. [Incl. BMNH 1939.5.24.691-702 (11)] •Valid as Hymenocephalus punt Schwarzhans 2014. Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus punt Schwarzhans 2014. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Northern Somalia and southern Oman. Habitat: marine.

pusillus, Paracetonurus Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 1982:718, Fig. 4 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 22 (no. 5); ref. 3908] Southeastern Indian Ocean, 11°24.3'S, 88°50'E, depth 1500-1600 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-15306. Paratypes: ZMMU P-14357 (1), P-15306-11 (3, 5, 3, 1, 1, 6). Additional material: IOM uncat. (2); ZMMU P-15312 (1), P-15348 (2). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:62-63 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Pseudonezumia pusilla (Sazonov & Shcherbachev 1982) -- (Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:547 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:208 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:773 [ref. 25037], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:603 [ref. 29065], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242], Iwamoto et al. 2015:98 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Pseudonezumia pusilla (Sazonov & Shcherbachev 1982). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

quadricristatus, Macrurus Alcock [A. W.] 1891:119 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 8 (no. 43/44); ref. 87] Andaman Sea, 11°31'40"N, 92°46'40"E, Investigator station 115, depth 188-220 fathoms; 11°25'5"N, 92°47'6"E, station 116, depth 405 fathoms. Syntypes: ZSI F13070-71 (2) station 115, F13072 (1) station 116. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:137 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:38 [ref. 22148]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Figured in Alcock 1892: Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [ref. 20531]. •Valid as Caelorinchus quadricristatus (Alcock 1891) -- (Iwamoto & Anderson 1999:1081 [ref. 24193]). •Valid as Coelorinchus quadricristatus (Alcock 1891) -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:179 [ref. 8256], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936], Adam et al. 1998:10 [ref. 23610], McMillan & Iwamoto 2009:45 [ref. 30414]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus quadricristatus (Alcock 1891). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Andaman Islands. Habitat: marine.

quadripennatus, Coryphaenoides (Coryphaenoides) McCann [C.] & McKnight [D. G.] 1980:41, Figs. 21-23 [New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir 61; ref. 2922] New Zealand, 50°31'S, 174°19'E, depth 1026 meters. Holotype: NZOI 190. Paratypes: NZOI P264-65 (1, 1), P266 (2), P267-68 (1, 1). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides subserrulatus Makushok 1976 -- (Iwamoto 1986:335 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:220 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Shcherbachev 1991:229 [ref. 19100], Pequeño & Vera 2003:98 [ref. 28126]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides subserrulatus Makushok 1976. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

quincunciatus, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:438, Fig. 7 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Between Samar and Masbate, Philippines, Albatross station 5392, depth 135 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 78213. Paratypes: USNM 137823-27 (1, 7, 1, 2, 2). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus quincunciatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Coelorinchus quincunciatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus quincunciatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

radcliffei, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:498, Figs. 21-24 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Off northern Mindanao, Philippines, Albatross station 5503, depth 226 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 78224. Paratypes: (14) USNM 149287-91 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1), 149303-05 (1, 1, 1), 149495-97 (1, 1, 1). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus radcliffei Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761]). •Valid as Coelorinchus radcliffei Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus radcliffei Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

rhipidodorsalis, Ventrifossa Okamura [O.] in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:205, Pl. 146 [Fishes of the Okinawa Trough and the adjacent waters; ref. 8057] Okinawa Trough, 28°42.0'N, 127°09.0'E, depth 500-535 meters. Holotype: BSKU 27695. Paratypes: BSKU 27123 (1), 27146 (1), 27184 (1), 27190-91 (2), 27660-61 (2), 27663 (1), 27694 (1), 27696-98 (3), 27858 (1), 27862 (1), 27865 (1), 27915-17 (3), 28599 (1), 29495 (1), 30498 (1), 29571 (1). •Valid as Ventrifossa rhipidodorsalis Okamura 1984 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:94 [ref. 6441], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:296 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:228 [ref. 23875], Shinohara et al. 2001:306 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:422 [ref. 26001], Chiou et al. 2004:48 [ref. 27691], Shinohara et al. 2005:418 [ref. 28370], Jeong et al. 2010:319 [ref. 36293], Iwamoto et al. 2015:115 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa rhipidodorsalis Okamura 1984. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

richardi, Macrurus Weber [M.] 1913:154, Pl. 1 (figs. 3-3a) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Makassar Strait; Sulawesi Sea; Ceram Sea; Flores Sea; Siboga stations 85, 122, 170, 314, and 316, depth 538-1260 meters. Syntypes: (28) FMNH 52442 [ex CM 700] (1) Flores Sea; MOM 0091-1766 (1, disintigrated); ZMA 110456 (1), 110447-49 (18, 1, 3), 110464 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:67 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:54 [ref. 12367], Bailly et al. 1999:231 [ref. 24244]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Sphagemacrurus richardi (Weber 1913) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:288 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:212 [ref. 23875], Bailly et al. 1999:231 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:493 [ref. 25637], Bray et al. 2006:604 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto et al. 2015:100 [ref. 35408], Psomadakis et al. 2020:322 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Sphagemacrurus richardi (Weber 1913). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

robinsi, Trachonurus Iwamoto [T.] 1997:942, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 60 (no. 3); ref. 22977] Between Leyte and Mindanao, Philippines, 9°06'30"N, 125°18'40"E, Albatross station 5494, depth 1240 meters. Holotype: CAS-SU 25438. Paratypes: CAS-SU 23944 (1), 69755 (5); USNM 99439 (1), 149766-67 (2, 3), 149771 (1), 149774 (1). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Trachonurus robinsi Iwamoto 1997. Current status: Valid as Trachonurus robinsi Iwamoto 1997. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

robustus, Cetonurus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1916:207, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 51 (no. 2149); ref. 1636] Off eastern coast of central Hondo, Japan, 33°23'30"N, 135°34'E, Albatross station 4971, depth 649 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 76870. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22923 (2); USNM 76871 (2), 76874 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:56 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Cetonurus globiceps (Vaillant 1884) -- (Marshall 1973:29, Nakabo 2000:421 [ref. 25086]0 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer 1990:545 [ref. 16195]). •Valid as Cetonurus robustus Gilbert & Hubbs 1916 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:95 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2002:421 [ref. 26001]). Current status: Valid as Cetonurus robustus Gilbert & Hubbs 1916. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

rudis, Coryphaenoides Günther [A.] 1878:24 [8] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Pacific, north of Kermadec Islands, Challenger station 171, 28°33'0"S, 177°50'0"E, depth 600 (1097 meters) fathoms. Lectotype: BMNH 1889.12.7.74. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1887.12.7.75-77 (3). On p. 8 of separate. See also Günther 1887:131, Pl. 27 [ref. 2013]. Lectotype established by Gilbert & Hubbs 1916:144 [ref. 1636]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides rudis Günther 1878 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:130 [ref. 24556], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:301 [ref. 22071], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:170 [ref. 23875], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:780 [ref. 23897], McMillan 1999:486 [ref. 23975], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:754 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:467 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Mundy 2005:251 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:593 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:334 [ref. 30636], Melo et al. 2010:33 [ref. 30775], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:110 [ref. 36167], Iwamoto et al. 2015:73 [ref. 35408], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:798 [ref. 34263], Nakayama & Endo 2016:[6] [ref. 34404], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:134 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides rudis Günther 1878. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

rupestris, Coryphaenoides Gunnerus [J. E.] 1765:50, Pl. 3 (figs. 1-2) [Der Trondhiemske Selskabs Skrifter v. 3; ref. 1958] Near Trondhjem, Norway. No types known. •Valid as Coryphaenoides rupestris Gunnerus 1765 -- (Marshall 1973:295 [ref. 7194], Ehrich 1983:131 [ref. 37253], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:659 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:298 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:122 [ref. 14674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:217 [ref. 18936], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1995:125 [ref. 22531], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Moore et al. 2003:210 [ref. 27076], Møller et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:120 [ref. 31212], Parin et al. 2014:167 [ref. 33547], Afonso et al. 2016:30, 137 [ref. 36199], Bañón et al. 2016:313 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:116 [ref. 36370], Carneiro et al. 2019:134 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides rupestris Gunnerus 1765. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Atlantic and adjacent Arctic regions. Habitat: marine.

rupestris, Macrourus Bloch [M. E.] 1786:152, Pl. 177 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 2; ref. 465] Atlantic (Greenland). On p. 123 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 5 [ref. 21381]. Not an independent species description, but misidentification of Coryphaenoides rupestris Gunnerus 1765 with a different generic allocation (see Bonnaterre 1788:62 [ref. 4940] as Coryphaena rupestris in synonymy of Macrourus rupestris). •In the synonymy of Macrourus berglax Lacepède 1801. Current status: Synonym of Macrourus berglax Lacepède 1801. Macrouridae: Macrourinae.

saikaiensis, Ventrifossa Okamura [O.] in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:209, Pl. 147 [Fishes of the Okinawa Trough and the adjacent waters; ref. 8057] Okinawa Trough, 28°50.0'N, 127°14.0'E, depth 700-740 meters. Holotype: BSKU 28004. Paratypes: BSKU 26324 (1), 27576-79 (4), 27664-65 (2), 28005-08 (4). •Valid as Ventrifossa saikaiensis Okamura 1984 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:296 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:423 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:423 [ref. 26001], Chiou et al. 2004:48 [ref. 27691], Shinohara et al. 2005:418 [ref. 28370], Jeong et al. 2010:318 [ref. 36293], Iwamoto & McCosker 2014:282 [ref. 33298], Iwamoto et al. 2015:116 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa saikaiensis Okamura 1984. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Okinawa Trough, South China Sea and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

sazonovi, Hymenocephalus Schwarzhans [W.] 2014:38, Fig. 15 [Zootaxa 3888 (no. 1); ref. 33586] Nazca Ridge, depth 340-780 meters. Holotype: ZMMGU P-18128. Paratypes: ZMMGU P-17729 (2). •Valid as Hymenocephalus sazonovi Schwarzhans 2014. Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus sazonovi Schwarzhans 2014. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Nazca and Sala y Gomez ridges, southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

sazonovi, Ventrifossa Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:231, Fig. 56 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] South China Sea, off Viet-Nam, 15°48'N, 109°47'E, depth 479 meters. Holotype: CAS 13564. Paratypes: AMS I.31166-006 (6), CAS 99817 (7), CSIRO H 1973-01 (1), NTM S.12457-003 (1). •Valid as Ventrifossa sazonovi Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:607 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto et al. 2015:117 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa sazonovi Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean off western Australia; South China Sea off Vietnam and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

scabrus, Oxycephas Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:31 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily [Mediterranean Sea]. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:13, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Trachyrhynchus trachyrhynchus (Risso 1810) [should be Trachyrincus trachyrincus] -- (Marshall 1973:287 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:676 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:541 [ref. 16195]). •Valid as Trachyrincus scabrus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Iwamoto 1986:340 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:316 [ref. 18936], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:143 [ref. 25472], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:48 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:63 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:28 [ref. 36649], Bañón et al. 2016:313 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto 2016:1966 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:139 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864], Parenti 2019:101 [ref. 37117], Kovačić et al. 2020:19 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Trachyrincus scabrus (Rafinesque 1810). Macrouridae: Trachyrincinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Scotland south to Senegal, including Azores, Madeira and Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: marine.

scaphopsis, Macrurus (Coelorhynchus) Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:115 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Off southern California, U.S.A., Albatross station 3015, depth 145 fathoms. Syntypes: (many) CAS-SU 179 (12), UMMZ 156674 (3), USNM 44272 (1). Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Valid as Caelorhynchus scaphopsis (Gilbert 1890) -- (Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1257 [ref. 22830], Hoff 2002:45 [ref. 26774]). •Valid as Caelorinchus scaphopsis (Gilbert 1890) -- (Nelson et al. 2004:92 [ref. 27807]). •Valid as Coelorinchus scaphopsis (Gilbert 1890) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:50 [ref. 7509], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:181 [ref. 18936], Bussing & López S. 1994:70 [ref. 23101], Page et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32708], Burton & Lea 2019:48 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus scaphopsis (Gilbert 1890). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: northern California (U.S.A.) south to Mexico. Habitat: marine.

sclerorhynchus, Macrourus Valenciennes [A.] 1838:[80], Pl. 14 (fig. 1) [Ichthyologie des îles Canaries v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 4502] Arrecife, Lanzarote Island, Canary Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2511. Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:231 [ref. 24244]. Dates to Pl. 14 in 1838 and spelled sclerorhynchus, p. 80 published in 1843 and species spelled sclerorynchus. •Valid as Nezumia sclerorhynchus (Valenciennes 1838) -- (Marshall 1973:291 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:671 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:559 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:284 [ref. 18936], Galil & Goren 1994:50 [ref. 23163], Santos et al. 1997:57 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:69 [ref. 24952], Bailly et al. 1999:231 [ref. 24244], Pakhorukov 2001:379 [ref. 25409], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26753], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Moore et al. 2003:211 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:93 [ref. 27807], Golani 2005:25 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:63 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:28 [ref. 36649], Page et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32708], Goren & Galil 2015:514 [ref. 33910], Iwamoto 2016:1981 [ref. 34585], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:137 [ref. 37250], Bariche & Fricke 2020:47 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:19 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia sclerorhynchus (Valenciennes 1838). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

semaphoreus, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Merrett [N. R.] 1997:503, Fig. 14 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 176; ref. 23710] Off northwest point of New Caledonia, 18°57.0'S, 163°12.6'E, depth 485 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1996-0956. Paratypes: CSIRO H 1188-06 (1); QM I.25546 (8), I.25549 (21). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus semaphoreus Iwamoto & Merrett 1997 -- (Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:747 [ref. 25037]). •Valid as Coelorinchus semaphoreus Iwamoto & Merrett 1997 -- (Fricke et al. 2011:363 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus semaphoreus Iwamoto & Merrett 1997. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

semipellucidus, Hymenocephalus Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1992:60, Fig. 22 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 48 (no. 2); ref. 19517] Sala y Gomez Ridge, 25°05.7'S, 99°27.7'W, southeastern Pacific, depth 750 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-18129. Paratypes: CAS 75977-78 (4, 2); ZMMU P-17721-23 (4, 6, 7), P-17725 (14), P-17728 (3). Additional material: ZMMU P-17727 (53), P-18205 (9). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:60 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Hymenocephalus semipellucidus Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992 -- (Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536], Schwarzhans 2014:65 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus semipellucidus Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Sala y Gomez Ridge. Habitat: marine.

semiquincunciatus, Macrurus Alcock [A. W.] 1889:392 [18] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 4 (no. 23); ref. 81] Bay of Bengal, south by west of North Sentinel Island, Andaman Islands, Investigator station 9, depth 130-250 fathoms. Holotype: ZSI F11660. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:139 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:38 [ref. 22148]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. On p. 18 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1894: Pl. 12 (fig. 2) [ref. 17304]. •Valid as Nezumia semiquincunciata (Alcock 1889) -- (Iwamoto 1986:339 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Jawad & Al-Mamry 2012:3 [ref. 31773]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia semiquincunciata (Alcock 1889). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

semiscaber, Coryphaenoides Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:410, Fig. 6 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] East of Masbate, Philippines, Albatross station 5215, depth 604 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 83625. Paratypes: CAS-SU 25452 (1 or 2); USNM 148882-83 (1, 1). •Valid as Coryphaenoides semiscaber Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:302 [ref. 22071], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides semiscaber Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

sentipellis, Trachonurus Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] 1897:429, Pl. 45 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1114); ref. 1635] Off Hawaiian Islands, southeast of Oahu, 21°12'00"N, 157°38'30"W, Albatross station 3474, depth 375 fathoms. Syntypes: CAS-SU 3140 (1), USNM 47980 [= 51689] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:59 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Trachonurus villosus (Günther 1877) -- (Marshall 1973:290 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer 1990:562 [ref. 16195]). •Valid as Trachonurus sentipellis Gilbert & Cramer 1897 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:290 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 1997:945 [ref. 22977], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:551 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:213 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:775 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:495 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Mundy 2005:256 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:604 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:345 [ref. 30636], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242], Iwamoto et al. 2015:103 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Trachonurus sentipellis Gilbert & Cramer 1897. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: eastern Indian Ocean east to Hawaiian Islands, south to Loyalty Ridge (New Caledonia) and Norfolk Ridge. Habitat: marine.

septifer, Pseudocetonurus Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 1982:712, Fig. 2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 22 (no. 5); ref. 3908] Sala y Gomez Ridge, southeastern Pacific, 25°20.2'S, 93°35.5'W, depth 850-860 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU P-16011. Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:62 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Pseudocetonurus septifer Sazonov & Shcherbachev 1982 -- (Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536], Chiou et al. 2004:46 [ref. 27691], Mundy 2005:255 [ref. 28379], Iwamoto et al. 2015:97 [ref. 35408] as cf. septifer). Current status: Valid as Pseudocetonurus septifer Sazonov & Shcherbachev 1982. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Taiwan as cf. septifer. Hawaiian Islands and Saly-Gomez and Nazca ridges, southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

sereti, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Merrett [N. R.] 1997:505, Figs. a-a' [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 176; ref. 23710] New Caledonia, 22°18.65'S, 167°23.30'E, depth 825 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1994-0925. Paratypes: CAS 86484 (1), 86492 (1); BMNH 1996.7.19.6 (1); MNHN 1994-0923 (1), 1994-0924 (2), 1994-0926 (1). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:224 [ref. 24244]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus sereti Iwamoto & Merrett 1997 -- (Bailly et al. 1999:224 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:747 [ref. 25037], Bray et al. 2006:589 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus sereti Iwamoto & Merrett 1997 -- (Fricke et al. 2011:363 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus sereti Iwamoto & Merrett 1997. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

serratus, Macrourus Lowe [R. T.] 1843:91 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1843 (pt 11); ref. 2832] Off Madeira. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Nezumia aequalis (Günther 1878) -- (Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:669 [ref. 13676]). •Possible synonym of Nezumia aequalis (Günther 1878) -- (Geistdoerfer 1990:558 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:264 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 2016:1987 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Uncertain as Nezumia aequalis (Günther 1878). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

serrula, Chalinura Bean [T. H.] 1890:37 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 795); ref. 229] East of Prince of Wales Island, Alexander Archipelago, Alaska, U.S.A., 55°20'N, 136°20'W, Albatross station 2859, depth 1569 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 45358. Paratypes: USNM 199612 (2). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides leptolepis Günther 1877 -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:43 [ref. 7509], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:274 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides leptolepis Günther 1877. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

serrulatus, Coryphaenoides Günther [A.] 1878:26 [10] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Northeast of New Zealand, Challenger station 169, depth 700 fathoms. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1887.12.7.81-82. On p. 10 of separate. See also Günther 1887:133, Pl. 30 (fig. A) [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides serrulatus Günther 1878 -- (Sawada in Amaoka et al. 1983:113, 195 [ref. 8379], Paxton et al. 1989:326 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:129 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Okamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:182 [ref. 16024], Iwamoto & Shcherbachev 1991:219 [ref. 19100] with 3 subspecies, Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:219 [ref. 18936], Gomon et al. 1994:356 [ref. 22532], Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:286 [ref. 22071], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:171 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:467 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Iwamoto et al. 2004:197 [ref. 27643] with subspecies, Bray et al. 2006:593 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:336 [ref. 30636] with subspecies, Duffy & Ahyong 2015:110 [ref. 36167] with question, McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:799 [ref. 34263], Williams et al. 2018:99 [ref. 36359]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides serrulatus Günther 1878. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

sexradiatus, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:458, Fig. 11 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Vicinity of Jolo, Philippines, 6°03'15"N, 120°35'30"E, Albatross station 5172, depth 318 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 78217. Paratypes: CAS-SU 25434 (3); USNM 99476 (1), 99477 (now 3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:57 [ref. 12291]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus sexradiatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761]). •Valid as Coelorinchus sexradiatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus sexradiatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

shcherbachevi, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Merrett [N. R.] 1997:507, Fig. 13b [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 176; ref. 23710] Loyalty Ridge, Seamount K, Southwest Pacific, 24°44.55'S, 170°07.00'E, depth 790-825 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1996-0966 [ex NMNZ P.27508]. Paratypes: CAS 90995 (1), NMNZ P.27508 (1). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:225 [ref. 24244]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus shcherbachevi Iwamoto & Merrett 1997 -- (Bailly et al. 1999:225 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:747 [ref. 25037], Bray et al. 2006:590 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus shcherbachevi Iwamoto & Merrett 1997 -- (Fricke et al. 2011:363 [ref. 31242], Nakayama & Endo 2017:[4] [ref. 35269]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus shcherbachevi Iwamoto & Merrett 1997. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Loyalty Ridge (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

sheni, Caelorinchus Chiou [M.-L.], Shao [K.-T.] & Iwamoto [T.] 2004:37, Fig. 1 [Zoological Studies v. 43 (no. 1); ref. 27691] Off Tashi, northeastern Taiwan, 24°54'63"N, 120°03'49"E, depth 400-650 meters. Holotype: ASIZP 061348. Paratypes: ASIZP 061232 (1), CAS 215541 (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:36 [ref. 31432]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus sheni Chiou, Shao & Iwamoto 2004 -- (McMillan & Iwamoto 2009:44 [ref. 30414]). •Valid as Coelorinchus sheni Chiou, Shao & Iwamoto 2004 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:36 [ref. 31432], Nakayama et al. 2015:[12] [ref. 35271], Iwamoto et al. 2015:67 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus sheni Chiou, Shao & Iwamoto 2004. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Taiwan and Okinawa, Japan. Habitat: marine.

shinoharai, Nezumia Nakayama [N.] & Endo [H.] 2012:62, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa No. 3410; ref. 32112] East of Boso Peninsula, 33°06.29'N, 140°50.2'E, Japan, depth 627-673 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 97667. Paratypes: BSKU 44790 (1). •Valid as Nezumia shinoharai Nakayama & Endo 2012 -- (Nakayama & Endo 2015:7 [ref. 35270]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia shinoharai Nakayama & Endo 2012. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Japan. Habitat: marine.

sibogae, Coryphaenoides Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1929:29 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 5; ref. 16063] Flores Sea, depth 694 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMA 111489. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:66 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides sibogae Weber & de Beaufort 1929 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides sibogae Weber & de Beaufort 1929. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

simorhynchus, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Anderson [M. E.] 1994:7, Figs. 3-5 [Ichthyological Bulletin, J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 61; ref. 21495] Off St. Helena Bay, Cape Province, southern Africa, 32°47'S, 17°23'E, depth 274 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 40861. Paratypes: BMNH 1992.12.6.2 (1); MRAC 95772-81 (10); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] (18 lots, 35); SAM 12560 (1), 12562-63 (9, 1), 12570 (6), 12576 (6), 16375 (2), 27011 (4), 32900-02 (1, 2, 12), 32899 (2), 32950 (1); USNM 325250 (1); ZMMU P-19400-06 (6, 1, 3, 1, 1, 2, 2). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:55-56 [ref. 25714]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus simorhynchus Iwamoto & Anderson 1994 -- (Iwamoto et al. 2004:199 [ref. 27643]). •Valid as Coelorinchus simorhynchus Iwamoto & Anderson 1994 -- (Iwamoto & Graham 2008:142 [ref. 29641], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus simorhynchus Iwamoto & Anderson 1994. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southern Africa: southeastern Atlantic around Cape to western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

simula, Chalinura Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1883:199 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 10 (no. 5); ref. 1838] North Atlantic, 41°24'45"N, 65°35'30"W, Blake station 308, depth 1242 fathoms. Holotype: MCZ 25824 (in 2 pieces). Non-types, conditionally referred: (3) MCZ 25825 (1, discarded). •Synonym of Chalinura leptolepis (Günther 1877) -- (Marshall 1973:297 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:652 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:546 [ref. 16195]). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides leptolepis Günther 1877 -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:42 [ref. 7509], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:272 [ref. 25968], Moore et al. 2003:209 [ref. 27076]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides leptolepis Günther 1877. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

smiliophorus, Macrurus Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:242, Pl. 22 (figs. 1-1d) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Off Morocco, depth 1160 meters. Lectotype: MNHN A-2510. Paralectotypes: (15) BMNH 1890.6.16.37 [ex MNHN] (1); MNHN 1886-0140 (1, poor condition), 1886-0141 to 0143 (1, 1, 1), 1886-0146 to 0148 (1, 1, 1), 1886-0152 (1), A-4818 (1); USNM 42098 [ex MNHN 1886-149] (1). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:231-232 [ref. 24244] with a holotype. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Lectotype selected by Eschmeyer 1998:1572 [ref. 23416]. Type information: Bauchot et al. 1972:666 [ref. 11384]. •Synonym of Nezumia aequalis (Günther 1878) -- (Marshall 1973:291 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer 1990:557 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:264 [ref. 18936], Bailly et al. 1999:232 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 2016:1987 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Synonym of Nezumia aequalis (Günther 1878). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

smithi, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:493, Fig. 20 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Philippines, 0°15'00"N, 127-24'35"E, Albatross station 5621, depth 298 fathoms [545 meters]. Holotype: USNM 78212. Paratypes: (18) CAS-SU 23993 (2), 25243 (1), 69079-82 (1, 1, 1, 1); USNM 78212 (1). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus smithi Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto & Williams 1999:161 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Nakabo 2000:433 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:455 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:305 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:433 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:417 [ref. 28370], Bray et al. 2006:590 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus smithi Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 [sometimes as Coelorhynchus] -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:171, 353 [ref. 8256], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:98 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:231, 368 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto et al. 2015:67 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus smithi Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan to Indonesia and Australia. Habitat: marine.

soela, Nezumia Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:201, Fig. 44b [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] Northwest of Cape Leeuwin, Western Australia, 34°10'S, 114°16'E, depth 1030 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 3017-04. Paratypes: AMS I.18712-014 (1); CSIRO H 1579-48 (5 of 19), H 2551-17 (1), H 2877-06 (1), H 3002-04 (1), T 292 (1), T 297 (1), T 299 (1), T 358 (1), T 831 (1). •Valid as Nezumia soela Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:602 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:344 [ref. 30636]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia soela Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southern and western Australia. Habitat: marine.

soyoae, Coryphaenoides Nakayama [N.] & Endo [H.] 2016:[2], Figs. 1, 2a-c [Ichthyological Research v. 64 (no. 1); ref. 34404] South-southeast of Torishima Island, Shichito-Iojima Ridge, Japan, 30°00.0'N, 140°32.5'E, depth 2740 meters. Holotype: BSKU 20297. Paratypes: NSMT-P. •Valid as Coryphaenoides soyoae Nakayama & Endo 2016. Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides soyoae Nakayama & Endo 2016. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Shichito-Iojima Ridge and Honshu, Japan. Habitat: marine.

sparsilepis, Coelorinchus Okamura [O.] & Yatou [T.] in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:241, Pl. 170 [Fishes of the Okinawa Trough and the adjacent waters; ref. 8057] Okinawa Trough, 29°46.0'N, 127°59.0'E, depth 710-713 meters. Holotype (unique): BSKU 28441. •Valid as Caelorhinchus sparsilepis Okamura & Yatou 1984 -- (Nakabo 2000:433 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:433 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:417 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Coelorinchus sparsilepis Okamura & Yatou 1984 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus sparsilepis Okamura & Yatou 1984. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

spathulata, Caelorinchus McMillan [P. J.] & Paulin [C. D.] 1993:832, Fig. 9 [Copeia 1993 (no. 3); ref. 21005] Wanganella Bank, 33°07.4-07.6'S, 166°52.1-50.3'E, depth 670-710 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.22994. Paratypes: NMNZ P.22991 (4). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus spathulatus McMillan & Paulin 1883 -- (Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:509 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:748 [ref. 25037], Bray et al. 2006:590 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus spathulatus McMillan & Paulin 1883 -- (Fricke et al. 2011:363 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus spathulatus McMillan & Paulin 1993. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

spilonotus, Caelorinchus Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1992:49, Fig. 17-18 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 48 (no. 2); ref. 19517] Sala y Gomez Ridge, 25°09.9'S, 90°18.7'W, southeastern Pacific, depth 545-600 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-18125. Paratypes: CAS 50950-53 (1, 6, 2, 1); LACM 45409-1 (3); ZMMU P-17706-09 (4, 6, 12, 5), ?P-17710 (1), P-18123-24 (15, 30). Non-types: ZMMU (5 lots, 7). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:56-57 [ref. 25714]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus spilonotus Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992 -- (Chave & Mundy 1994:367 [ref. 22375], Pequeño 1997:81 [ref. 23536], Iwamoto & Anderson 1999:1081 [ref. 24193], Chiou et al. 2004:303 [ref. 27687], Mundy 2005:250 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Coelorinchus spilonotus Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992 -- (Iwamoto et al. 2009:44 [ref. 30612]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus spilonotus Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Pacific: Caroline Islands, Hawaiian Islands, southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

spinifer, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:516, Fig. 30 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Gulf of Tomini, Sulawesi, Indonesia, 0°04'S, 121°36'E, Albatross station 5607, depth 761 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 78226. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus spinifer Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761]). •Valid as Coelorinchus spinifer Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto et al. 2009:47 [ref. 30612], Iwamoto et al. 2015:68 [ref. 35408] as cf. spinifer). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus spinifer Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Sulawesi, South China Sea and off Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

spinosus, Lionurus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1916:199, Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 51 (no. 2149); ref. 1636] Eastern Sea of Japan, 31°31'N, 129°25'30"E, Albatross station 4915, depth 427 fathoms [781 meters]. Holotype (unique): USNM 76868. •Valid as Nezumia spinosa (Gilbert & Hubbs 1916) -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:95 [ref. 6441], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:542 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:202 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:772 [ref. 25037], Nakabo 2000:424 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:424 [ref. 26001], Bray et al. 2006:602 [ref. 29065], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242], Nakayama & Endo 2012:66 [ref. 32112], Nakayama & Endo 2015:7 [ref. 35270], Iwamoto et al. 2015:94 [ref. 35408]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia spinosa (Gilbert & Hubbs 1916). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

spinulosa, Chalinura Gilbert [C. H.] & Burke [C. V.] 1912:92, Figs. 36, 36a [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 30 (Doc. 754) (for 1910); ref. 1634] Off Avatcha Bay, eastern coast of Kamchatka, Russia, Albatross station 4797, depth 682 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 74397. See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:270 [ref. 25968]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides acrolepis (Bean 1884) -- (Parin et al. 2014:165 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides acrolepis (Bean 1884). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Bering Sea (if valid). Habitat: marine.

spongiceps, Bathygadus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:381, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Vicinity of Darvel Bay, Borneo, Albatross station 5582, depth 525 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 78210. Paratypes: USNM 78235 (1), 220978-79 (2, 1), 220980 (now 1). •Valid as Bathygadus spongiceps Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Howes & Crimmen 1990:189 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:94 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:115 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1994 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:741 [ref. 25037] as cf. spongiceps, Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:423 [ref. 25637] as cf. spongiceps, Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:319 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:830 [ref. 34263] as cf. spongiceps). Current status: Valid as Bathygadus spongiceps Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Western Pacific (Philippines to ? New Zealand). Southeastern Indian Ocean off Australia and east to New Zealand (cf. spongiceps). Habitat: marine.

stelgidolepis, Macrurus (Macrurus) Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:116 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Off southern California, U.S.A., 34°10'45"N, 120°16'45"W, Albatross station 2960, depth 267 fathoms. Syntypes: USNM 44276 (2). Original genus should have been Macrourus. See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:270 [ref. 25968]. •Valid as Nezumia stelgidolepis (Gilbert 1890) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:47 [ref. 7509], Iwamoto 1979:160 [ref. 2311], Matarese et al. 1989:208 [ref. 26885], Pequeño 1989:46 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:123 [ref. 14674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:286 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1260 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:237 [ref. 24555], Iwamoto & McCosker 2001:27 [ref. 25777], Nelson et al. 2004:93 [ref. 27807], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32708], Robertson et al. 2017:57 [ref. 35676], Burton & Lea 2019:49 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia stelgidolepis (Gilbert 1890). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: British Columbia (Canada) south to southern Peru, including Galapagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

striatissimus, Hymenocephalus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Starks 1904:612, Fig. [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 2526] Suruga Bay, Japan, depth 167 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 50934. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8549 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:58 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Hymenocephalus striatissimus Jordan & Gilbert 1904 -- (Yatou in Okamura et al. 1982:143, 346 [ref. 8256], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:93 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:199, 358 [ref. 8057], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Shinohara et al. 1996:169 [ref. 26605], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Nakabo 2000:419 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:305 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:419 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:417 [ref. 28370], Fricke et al. 2011:364 [ref. 31242], Schwarzhans 2014:60 [ref. 33586], Nakayama et al. 2015:504? [ref. 33724], Iwamoto et al. 2015:77 [ref. 35408] as striatissimus striatissimus). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus striatissimus Jordan & Gilbert 1904. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan, East China Sea, South China Sea off Hong Kong, Taiwan and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

striatulus, Hymenocephalus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:665, Figs. 259 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Off southwestern coast of Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4122, depth 192-352 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51611. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8637 (3), USNM 231817 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:58 [ref. 12291]. Fowler assigns specimens from Albatross Station 3920 to the new species Hymenocephalus tenuis. •Valid as Hymenocephalus striatulus Gilbert 1905 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:178 [ref. 23875], Mundy 2005:252 [ref. 28379], Schwarzhans 2014:45 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus striatulus Gilbert 1905. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Pacific: Hawaiian Islands, Sala-y-Gomez Ridge (southeastern Pacific). Habitat: marine.

striatura, Coryphaenoides (Chalinura) Barnard [K. H.] 1925:500 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 15 (no. 86) (art. 56); ref. 12730] Off Cape Point, South Africa, depth 450-950 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1927.12.6.15-17 [ex SAM] (3); SAM originally 12606-22 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1); now 7 in one bottle, 12 in 21805, 12619 apparently lost. •Valid as Coryphaenoides striatura Barnard 1925 -- (Iwamoto 1986:335 [ref. 5674], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134]). •Valid as Coryphaenoides striaturus Barnard 1925 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Shcherbachev 1991:214 [ref. 19100], Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:287 [ref. 22071], Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:511 [ref. 23710], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:173 [ref. 23875], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:756 [ref. 25037], Trunov 2001:27 [ref. 25195], Pakhorukov 2001:378 [ref. 25409], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:460 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Iwamoto et al. 2004:198 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:593 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:336 [ref. 30636], Fricke et al. 2011:363 [ref. 31242], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:800 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides striaturus Barnard 1925. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

stroemii, Macrourus Reinhardt [J. C. H.] 1825:5 [Oversigt over det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Forhandlinger og dets Medlemmers Arbeider (Kjøbenhavn) 1824-25; ref. 18615] Bergen, Norway. Holotype: ZMUC 13. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:58 [ref. 9588]. Original not seen. •Synonym of Coryphaenoides rupestris Gunnerus 1765 -- (Marshall 1973:295 [ref. 7194], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:217 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides rupestris Gunnerus 1765. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

subinflatus, Cetonurichthys Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 1982:715, Fig. 3 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 22 (no. 5); ref. 3908] Southeastern Indian Ocean, 16°55'S, 114°53'E, depth 1600-1700 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-15296. Paratypes: ZMMU P-15297 (2). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:57 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Cetonurichthys subinflatus Sazonov & Shcherbachev 1982 -- (Iwamoto & Williams 1999:167 [ref. 23875], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:750 [ref. 25037], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:591 [ref. 29065]). Current status: Valid as Cetonurichthys subinflatus Sazonov & Shcherbachev 1982. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean and western South Pacific. Habitat: marine.

sublaevis, Coryphaenoides Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:225, 386, Pl. 19 (figs. 2-2e) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Off Cape Verde Islands, 16°52'N, 25°10'W, station 111, depth 400-580 meters. Lectotype: MNHN 1886-0081. Paralectotypes: (51) MNHN 1886-0072 to 0074 (3), 1886-0078 to 0079 (2), 1886-0080 (1), 1886-0082 (1). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:226 [ref. 24244] with a holotype. Lectotype selected by Eschmeyer 1998:1626 [ref. 23416]. Type information: Bauchot et al. 1972:663 [ref. 11384]. •Synonym of Ventrifossa occidentalis (Goode & Bean 1885) -- (Geistdoerfer 1990:563 [ref. 16195]). •Synonym of Malacocephalus occidentalis Goode & Bean 1885 -- (Bailly et al. 1999:226 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 2016:1986 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Synonym of Malacocephalus occidentalis Goode & Bean 1885. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

suborbitalis, Macrurus (Nematonurus) Gill [T. N.] & Townsend [C. H.] 1897:234 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 11; ref. 1749] Bering Sea, southwest of Pribilof Islands, 55°23'00"N, 170°31'00"W, Albatross station 3603, depth 1771 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 48773. Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Synonym of Nematonurus armatus (Hector 1875) -- (Geistdoerfer 1990:557 [ref. 16195]). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides armatus (Hector 1875) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:27 [ref. 7509], Iwamoto 1990:195 [ref. 21688], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:205 [ref. 18936], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:275 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2014:166 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides armatus (Hector 1875). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

subserrulatus, Coryphaenoides Makushok [V. M.] 1976:144, Figs. 1-7 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 104; ref. 8576] South of New Zealand, off Campbell Plateau, 52°20'S, 166°13'E, depth 1148-1180 meters. Holotype: ZIN 42639. Paratypes: (5) not at ZIN. Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:153 [ref. 33662]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides subserrulatus Makushok 1976 -- (Iwamoto 1986:335 [ref. 5674], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:138 [ref. 14235], Paxton et al. 1989:326 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:129 [ref. 24556], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:220 [ref. 18936], Okamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:183 [ref. 16024], Iwamoto & Shcherbachev 1991:229 [ref. 19100], Gomon et al. 1994:356 [ref. 22532], Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:286 [ref. 22071], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:470 [ref. 25637], Pequeño & Vera 2003:95 [ref. 28126], Bray et al. 2006:593 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:337 [ref. 30636], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:801 [ref. 34263], Nión et al. 2016:39 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides subserrulatus Makushok 1976. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

suilla, Nezumia Marshall [N. B.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1973:633, Figs. 41a, 43 [Memoirs of the Sears Foundation of Marine Research Mem. 1 (pt 6); ref. 6966] Caribbean Sea off Cristobal, Panama, Oregon station 3586, 9°20'N, 81°24'W, depth 470-500 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 198183. Paratypes: (4) MCZ 43062 (4). Additional material: (25) MCZ 38928 (1); UF [ex TABL uncat.] (5, 3, 1); UF [ex UMML] (3, 1, 1, 1, 4, 2, 2); USNM (1). •Valid as Nezumia suilla Marshall & Iwamoto 1973 -- (Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:218 [ref. 14275], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:793 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:61 [ref. 27192], Moore et al. 2003:211 [ref. 27076], Costa & Mincarone 2010:354 [ref. 37483], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:98 [ref. 37485]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia suilla Marshall & Iwamoto 1973. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico south to Brazil. Habitat: marine.

sulcata, Regania Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:108, Pl. 22 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Cagayan Island, Jolo Sea, 9°38'30"N, 121°11'00"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5423, depth 508 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 72925. Paratypes: USNM 149276-82 (1, 2, 2, 1, 1, 2, 1), 149839 (4), ?192597-98 (1, 1). First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Bathygadus sulcatus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Howes & Crimmen 1990:190 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:94 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 1999:1994 [ref. 24761]). Current status: Valid as Bathygadus sulcatus (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

sulcatus, Coryphaenoides Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1885:596 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 8 (no. 543); ref. 1842] Gulf of Mexico, 28°38'30"N, 87°02'00"W, Albatross station 2394, depth 420 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 37335 (238 mm). Paratypes: USNM 37335 (apparently 3 of 4). •Synonym of Trachonurus villosus (Günther 1877) -- (Marshall 1973:290 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:674 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:562 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:290 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 1997:948 [ref. 22977]). •Valid as Trachonurus sulcatus (Goode & Bean 1885) -- (McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:795 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Moore et al. 2003:211 [ref. 27076], Costa & Mincarone 2010:324 [ref. 37483], Melo et al. 2010:38 [ref. 30775], Iwamoto 2016:1981 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:138 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Trachonurus sulcatus (Goode & Bean 1885). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

supernasutus, Caelorinchus McMillan [P. J.] & Paulin [C. D.] 1993:833, Fig. 10 [Copeia 1993 (no. 3); ref. 21005] Bay of Plenty, 37°27.4-27.0'S, 177°46.3-49.1'E, depth 606-673 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.22641. Paratypes: NMNZ P.11273 (1), 11420 (1), 17806 (3), 19482 (1), 22799 (1), 22800-01 (2), 22802-06 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1), 22807-08 (2), 22809 (1), 22822-23 (2), 22824-25 (1, 1). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus supernasutus McMillan & Paulin 1993 -- (Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:748 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:456 [ref. 25637], Bray et al. 2006:590 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus supernasutus McMillan & Paulin 1993 -- (McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:788 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus supernasutus McMillan & Paulin 1993. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

talismani, Coryphaenoides (Coelorhynchus) Collett [R.] 1905:58 [Report on Norwegian Fishery and Marine-Investigations. v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 19269] 150 kilometers northwest of Hebrides, Michael Sars station 76, depth 1200 meters. Syntypes: (14). Correct spelling of the subgenus is Coelorinchus. •Synonym of Coelorhynchus occa (Goode & Bean 1886) -- (Marshall 1973:294 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer 1990:550 [ref. 16195]). •Synonym of Coelorinchus labiatus (Köhler 1896) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:168 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 2016:1984 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus labiatus (Köhler 1896). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

tenuicauda, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:216, Pl. 49 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Gulf of Panama, 7°31'30"N, 79°14'W, Albatross station 3384, depth 458 fathoms. Holotype. Syntypes: MCZ 28554 (3), 28555 (1), 51042 (3). Original genus should have been Macrourus. The spelling tenuicauda probably can be regarded as a noun, so it remains tenuicauda in genera of any gender. •Valid as Mataeocephalus tenuicauda (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto 1979:145 [ref. 2311], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:247 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1264 [ref. 22830]). •Valid as Mataeocephalus tenuicaudus (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto & McCosker 2001:27 [ref. 25777], Sazonov et al. 2003:283 [ref. 27176], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Mataeocephalus tenuicauda (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

tenuis, Hymenocephalus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1917:173 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 54 (no. 2231); ref. 15093] Off southern coast of Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3920, depth 265-280 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 78177. •Valid as Hymenocephalus tenuis Gilbert & Hubbs 1917 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Mundy 2005:252 [ref. 28379], Schwarzhans 2014:26 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus tenuis Gilbert & Hubbs 1917. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

teres, Ventrifossa Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1992:86, Figs. 36-37 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 48 (no. 2); ref. 19517] Sala y Gomez Ridge, southeastern Pacific, 25°07.9'S, 99°25.8'W, depth 730-790 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-18131. Paratypes: CAS 51797 (2), uncat (5); ZMMU P-17758-61 (1, 1, 2, 13), P-18067-69 (4, 8, 2). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:64-65 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Ventrifossa teres Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992 -- (Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa teres Sazonov & Iwamoto 1992. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

thelestomus, Coryphaenoides Maul [G. E.] 1951:13, Figs. 2, 4a [Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal No. 5 (art. 12); ref. 12899] Funchal fish market, caught off Madeira, eastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): MMF. •Valid as Coryphaenoides thelestomus Maul 1951 -- (Marshall 1973:296 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:660 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:552 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Melo et al. 2010:35 [ref. 30775], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:134 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides thelestomus Maul 1951. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic; eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

thompsoni, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:442, Fig. 8 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Southwestern coast of Luzon Island, Balayan Bay, Philippines, Albatross station 5363, depth 180 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 78214. Paratypes: CAS-SU 25496 (1); USNM 148886 (2), ?149838 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:57 [ref. 12291]. Two specimens from station 5118 doubtfully included and therefore not types. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus thompsoni Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Coelorinchus thompsoni Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus thompsoni Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

thurla, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:164, Fig. 23 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] Northwest Shelf, Western Australia, 13°45'04"S, 123°30'00"E. Holotype: WAM P.21638-43. Paratypes: NTM S.13147-003 (1), S.13580-002 (4); WAM P.21638-43 (4), P.26270-016 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:11 [ref. 30117]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus thurla Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:590 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus thurla Iwamoto & Williams 1999 (Larson et al. 2013:51 [ref. 32988])/ Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus thurla Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Australia and Arafura Sea. Habitat: marine.

tinca, Strinsia Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:52 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Spelled tinea on p. 12; apparently tinca by all subsequent authors, but technical first reviser not researched. A neotype designation by Torchio was regarded as invalid (see Cohen & Torchio 1964 [ref. 21052]). Not same as Strinsia tinca Bonaparte 1838: fasc. 23, punt. 120, Pl. 107 (fig. 2) for which Böhlke 1984:127 [ref. 13621] lists a holotype. •Regarded as a nomen dubium, possibly a macrourid -- (Cohen & Torchio 1963 [ref. 21052]). •Incertae sedis in Macrouridae -- (Parenti 2019:119 [ref. 37117]). Macrouridae. Habitat: marine.

tinro, Nezumia Sazonov [Yu. I.] 1985:724 [17], Fig. 2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 25 (no. 5); ref. 12383] North Pacific, 44°33'N, 171°31'E, depth 1250-1260 meters. Holotype: ZIN 47136. Paratypes: ZIN 47137 (1). Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:153 [ref. 33662]. On p. 17 of English translation. •Valid as Nezumia tinro Sazonov 1985 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Sazonov 1994:154 [ref. 22658], Mundy 2005:255 [ref. 28379], Iwamoto & Okamoto 2015:378 [ref. 33958]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia tinro Sazonov 1985. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

toi, Nezumia McCann [C.] & McKnight [D. G.] 1980:47, Figs. 29-31 [New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir 61; ref. 2922] New Zealand, 40°47'S, 176°57'E, depth 913-997 meters. Holotype (unique): NZOI 192. •Valid as Nezumia toi McCann & McKnight 1980 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936]). •Synonym of Nezumia namatahi McCann & McKnight 1980 -- (McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:821 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Synonym of Nezumia namatahi McCann & McKnight 1980. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: New Zealand (when valid). Habitat: marine.

tokiensis, Macrurus Steindachner [F.] & Döderlein [L.] 1887:283 [27] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 53 (1. abth.); ref. 4249] Tokyo, 35°N, 141°E, Japan. Syntypes: MZS P177-1804 (1), second specimen lost. Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:232 [ref. 24244]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Type information (MZS) also in Amaoka & Fujii 1999:157 [ref. 26515] as MZS 1804. •Valid as Coelorhynchus tokiensis (Steindachner & Döderlein 1887) -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:179 [ref. 8256], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:98 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:235, 370 [ref. 8057]). •Valid as Caelorinchus tokiensis (Steindachner & Döderlein 1887) -- (Bailly et al. 1999:232 [ref. 24244], Nakabo 2000:434 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:305 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:434 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:417 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Coelorinchus tokiensis (Steindachner & Döderlein 1887) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936], McMillan & Iwamoto 2009:45 [ref. 30414], Nakayama et al. 2015:[1] [ref. 35271]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus tokiensis (Steindachner & Döderlein 1887). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and East China Sea. Habitat: marine.

tomiyamai, Lionurus Okamura [O.] 1963:31, Figs. 8-10 [Bulletin of the Misaki Marine Biological Institute, Kyoto University No. 4; ref. 2837] Eastern coast of Japan. Holotype (unique): Zool. Inst. Fac. Sci. Tokyo Univ. 52045. •Valid as Nezumia tomiyamai (Okamura 1963) -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:95 [ref. 6441], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Nakabo 2000:424 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:424 [ref. 26001]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia tomiyamai (Okamura 1963). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

torvus, Hymenocephalus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:110, Pl. 23 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 43 (no. 1924); ref. 3578] Near Jolo, 6°00'20"N, 120°45'35"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5548, depth 232 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 72927. Paratypes: USNM 148959-64 (9, 6, 4, 12, 16, 2), 148964 (2), 149033 (11), 149457 (15), 149464-76 (8, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1), 149589 (6). First author is H. M. Smith. •Synonym of Hymenocephalus striatissimus Jordan & Gilbert 1904, but a valid subspecies -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:230 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761]). •Valid as Hymenocephalus torvus Smith & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Schwarzhans 2014:61 [ref. 33586]). Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus torvus Smith & Radcliffe 1912. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

trachycarus, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.], McMillan [P. J.] & Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 1999:50, Figs. 1-2 [New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 33; ref. 23763] Off Wairarapa, New Zealand, 41°23.6'S, 176°21.7'E, depth 982-1143 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.22998. Paratypes: AMS I.18712-015 (1); CAS 90983 (1); CSIRO H 2877-05 (1), H 2885-01 to 02 (1, 1); NMNZ P.11325 (1), P.11341 (1), P.12905 (1), P.12932 (1), P.14761 (2), P.20354 (1), P.26950 (3), P.28656 (4), P.28739 (1), P.34661 [ex NZOI S154] (1), P.34752 (1), P.34984 (1), P.34985 (1); NMV A.6189 (2), A.6190 (1), A.6590 (1), A.8636 (1), A.11387 (5); ZMMU P-20614 (4). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:57 [ref. 25714]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus trachycarus Iwamoto, McMillan & Shcherbachev 1999 -- (Iwamoto & Williams 1999:166 [ref. 23875], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:749 [ref. 25037], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:456 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:590 [ref. 29065]). •Valid as Coelorinchus trachycarus Iwamoto, McMillan & Shcherbachev 1999 -- (Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:333 [ref. 30636], Fricke et al. 2011:363 [ref. 31242], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:789 [ref. 34263]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus trachycarus Iwamoto, McMillan & Shcherbachev 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southern Australia, New Zealand and Norfolk Ridge. Habitat: marine.

trachyrincus, Lepidoleprus Risso [A.] 1810:197, Pl. 7 (fig. 21) [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-0857. Type catalog: Bertin 1945:376 [ref. 21554], Bailly et al. 1999:228 [ref. 24244]. •Valid as Trachyrhynchus trachyrhynchus (Risso 1810) [should be Trachyrincus trachyrincus] -- (Marshall 1973:287 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:676 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:541 [ref. 16195]). •Synonym of Trachyrincus scabrus (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Iwamoto 1986:340 [ref. 5674], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:316 [ref. 18936], Bailly et al. 1999:228 [ref. 24244], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:48 [ref. 26753] as trachyrhynchus, Iwamoto & Ungaro 2002:30 [ref. 26049], Iwamoto 2016:1966 [ref. 34585]). Current status: Synonym of Trachyrincus scabrus (Rafinesque 1810). Macrouridae: Trachyrincinae. Habitat: marine.

trichiurus, Macrurus Garman [S.] 1899:215 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off Mariato Point, Panama, 6°30'N, 81°44'W, Albatross station 3358, depth 555 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ (whereabouts unknown). Original genus should have been Macrourus. •Synonym of Nezumia convergens (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto 1979:171 [ref. 2311], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:270 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Nezumia convergens (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

triocellatus, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:466, Fig. 12 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] North of Tawi Tawi, Philippines, 5°28'30"N, 120°02'27"E, Albatross station 5575, depth 315 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 78218. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus triocellatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761]). •Valid as Coelorinchus triocellatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus triocellatus Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

trunovi, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.] & Anderson [M. E.] 1994:10, Fig. 6 [Ichthyological Bulletin, J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 61; ref. 21495] Off KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 552 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 3530. Paratypes: ANSP 54908 (1); CAS 50138-39 (11, 2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 7326 (2), 10293 (2), 10313 (1), 10317-18 (1, 1), 10338 (1); USNM 326625 (2); ZMMU P-19407 (1), P19413 (1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:57 [ref. 25714]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Coelorinchus trunovi Iwamoto & Anderson 1994 -- (Jawad & Al-Mamry 2012:2 [ref. 31773] as turnovi). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus trunovi Iwamoto & Anderson 1994. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

tydemani, Macrurus Weber [M.] 1913:158, 671, Pl. 1 (fig. 6) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Flores Sea, 7°36.0'S, 117°30.8'E, depth 694 meters. Lectotype: ZMA 111493. Paralectotypes: (13) ZMA 111490-94 (1, 1, 1, 8, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:67 [ref. 19236]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Lectotype selected by Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:304 [ref. 22071]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides tydemani (Weber 1913) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:304 [ref. 22071], Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides tydemani (Weber 1913). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

umbracincta, Nezumia Iwamoto [T.] & Anderson [M. E.] 1994:19, Fig. 9 [Ichthyological Bulletin, J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 61; ref. 21495] Off Cape Point, South Africa, 34°41.2'S, 18°12.8'E, depth 520 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 40866. Paratypes: BMNH 1992.12.6.1. (1); CAS 79531 (2), 80582 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 40863 (3), 30313 (3), 40862 (1), 40865 (1); SAM 32892-93 (2, 8), 32924 (6), 32926 (5); USNM 325337 (2); ZMMU P-19408-09 (2, 1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:62 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Nezumia umbracincta Iwamoto & Anderson 1994. Current status: Valid as Nezumia umbracincta Iwamoto & Anderson 1994. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

vagrans, Macrurus capito var. Garman [S.] 1899:201 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Syntypes: MCZ 28592 (5, poor condition), USNM 12043 (1). Original genus should have been Macrourus. Appeared as, "The specimens from station 3417 are hardly identical in variety with those from station 3384; they are closely allied but differ in that the former (M. vagrans) is darker in color, and has less of the silver tint." •Synonym of Coryphaenoides capito (Garman 1899) -- (Iwamoto & Sazonov 1988:62 [ref. 6228]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides capito (Garman 1899). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

vaillanti, Bathygadus Roule [L.] & Angel [F.] 1933:63, Pl. 3 (fig. 30) [Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies sur son yacht par Albert 1er Monaco. Fasc. 86; ref. 3827] South of Pic Island, Azores, northeastern Atlantic, 32°23'N, 28°23'30"W, station 3250, depth 1153 meters. Holotype (unique): MOM 0091-1513. Type catalog: Belloc 1949:16 [ref. 21544], Bailly et al. 1999:224 [ref. 24244]. •Synonym of Bathygadus melanobranchus Vaillant 1888 -- (Marshall 1973:288 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:646 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:543 [ref. 16195], Howes & Crimmen 1990:186 [ref. 15692], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:95 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Bathygadus melanobranchus Vaillant 1888. Macrouridae: Bathygadinae. Habitat: marine.

vaillanti, Coelorhynchus Roule [L.] 1916:20 [Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique (Monaco) No. 320; ref. 3818] Azores, northeastern Atlantic, station 1311, depth 1187 meters; station 1344, depth 1095 meters. Syntypes: MOM 0091-0607 (now 9 in 3 bottles) station 1311, 0091-0637 (2) station 1344. Type catalog: Belloc 1949:16 [ref. 21544], Bailly et al. 1999:225 [ref. 24244] with a holotype. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Synonym of Caelorinchus occa (Goode & Bean 1885) -- (Iwamoto & Ungaro 2002:27 [ref. 26049]). •Synonym of Coelorhynchus occa (Goode & Bean 1885) -- (Marshall 1973:294 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:656 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:550 [ref. 16195]). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus occa (Goode & Bean 1885). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

variabilis, Coryphaenoides Günther [A.] 1878:27 [11] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] North Pacific, 36°10'N, 178°00'E. Lectotype: BMNH 1887.12.7.130. Paralectotypes: (13?) BMNH 1887.12.7.131-132 (2), BMNH 1887.12.7.133 (1). On p. 11 of separate. See also Günther 1887:150, Pl. 40 (fig. A) [ref. 2013]. Lectotype selected by Wilson & Waples 1983:1127 [ref. 19278]. •Synonym of Nematonurus armatus (Hector 1875) -- (Marshall 1973:297 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer 1990:556 [ref. 16195]). •Synonym of Coryphaenoides armatus (Hector 1875) -- (Iwamoto & Stein 1974:27 [ref. 7509], Paxton et al. 1989:326 [ref. 12442], Iwamoto 1990:195 [ref. 21688], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:205 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Coryphaenoides armatus (Hector 1875). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

velifer, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:452, Fig. 10 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] China Sea, off southwestern Luzon Island, Philippines, Albatross station 5294, depth 244 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 78216. Paratypes: (106) CAS-SU 25430-31 (20, 37), USNM 148887 (13), 149269-72 (5, 1, 3, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:57 [ref. 12291]. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus velifer Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Coelorinchus velifer Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus velifer Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ventralis, Nezumia Hubbs [C. L.] & Iwamoto [T.] in Iwamoto 1979:165, Fig. 14b [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 42 (no. 5); ref. 2311] Off Hood (Española) Island, 1°30.5'S, 89°39'W, Galápagos Islands, Albatross station 4642, depth 549 meters. Holotype: CAS-SU 68361. Paratypes: CAS-SU 6217 (2); USNM 135345 (1). •Valid as Nezumia ventralis Hubbs & Iwamoto 1979 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:263 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1255 [ref. 22829], Iwamoto & McCosker 2001:27 [ref. 25777], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia ventralis Hubbs & Iwamoto 1979. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

ventrilux, Coelorhynchus Marshall [N. B.] & Iwamoto [T.] 1973:543, Figs. 10, 11C [Memoirs of the Sears Foundation of Marine Research Mem. 1 (pt 6); ref. 6966] Florida Straits off Cay Sal Bank, 23°55'N, 80°34'W, Silver Bay station 2449, depth 270 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 198182. Paratypes: CAS 14513 (1); UF 23933 [ex TABL 107680] (1), 23934 [ex TABL 107679] (1), UF 229802-03 [ex UMML 29802-03] (1, 2); USNM 206489 (3). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus ventrilux Marshall & Iwamoto 1973 -- (Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010, McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:18 [ref. 28815] as ventilux]). •Valid as Coelorinchus ventrilux Marshall & Iwamoto 1973 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:182 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus ventrilux Marshall & Iwamoto 1973. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

vermicularis, Coelorhynchus Matsubara [K.] 1943:133, Fig. 3 [Journal Shigenkagaku Kenkyusyo v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 12783] Kumano-Nada, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 2495 (apparently lost). Paratypes: (apparently lost) FAKU 1598 (1), 2119 (1), 2497 (1). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Synonym of Coelorinchus multispinulosus Katayama 1942 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:174 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Coelorinchus multispinulosus Katayama 1942. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

victoris, Asthenomacrurus Sazonov [Yu. I.] & Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 1982:709, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 22 (no. 5); ref. 3908] Southwestern Indian Ocean, 2°46'S, 65°41'E, depth 3530 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-15349. Paratypes: ZMMU P-16012 (1), ZIN 45000 (1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:51 [ref. 25714], Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:153 [ref. 33662]. •Valid as Asthenomacrurus victoris Sazonov & Shcherbachev 1982 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:324 [ref. 12442], Iwamoto & Graham 2001:435 [ref. 25637], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Iwamoto et al. 2004:192 [ref. 27643], Bray et al. 2006:583 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & Orlov 2008:126 [ref. 29640], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:764 [ref. 34263], Carneiro et al. 2019:131 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Asthenomacrurus victoris Sazonov & Shcherbachev 1982. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Atlantic: Mid-Atlantic Ridge; Indian Ocean; western Pacific:Japan; southeastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

villegai, Trachyrynchus Pequeño [G.] 1971:277, Fig. 4 [Boletin do Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Chile v. 32; ref. 7455] Southeastern Pacific off Chile, 25°19'00'S, 70°33'05'W, depth 320-324 meters. Holotype: MNHNC P.5341. Paratypes: MNHNC P.5342-44 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Meléndez C. et al. 1993:96-97 [ref. 24124]. •Valid as Trachyrynchus villegai Pequeño 1871 -- (Pequeño 1989:46 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Trachyrincus villegai Pequeño 1971 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:317 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1255 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:236 [ref. 24555]). Current status: Valid as Trachyrincus villegai Pequeño 1971. Macrouridae: Trachyrincinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

villosus, Coryphaenoides Günther [A.] 1877:441 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 56); ref. 2009] South of Tokyo, Japan. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.105. Second specimen (non-type) from south of the Philippines [BMNH 1887.12.7.106] added in Günther 1887:142 [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Trachonurus villosus (Günther 1877) -- (Marshall 1973:290 [ref. 7194], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:95 [ref. 6441], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:674 [ref. 13676], Iwamoto 1986:340 [ref. 5674], Paxton et al. 1989:329 [ref. 12442], Geistdoerfer 1990:562 [ref. 16195], Okamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:193 [ref. 16024], Iwamoto 1997:944 [ref. 22977], Santos et al. 1997:58 [ref. 23531], Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536], Arruda 1997:69 [ref. 24952], Iwamoto & Williams 1999:212 [ref. 23875], Pakhorukov 1999:657 [ref. 24883], Nakabo 2000:420 [ref. 25086], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847] as cf. villosus, Shinohara et al. 2001:306 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:420 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:418 [ref. 28370], Bray et al. 2006:605 [ref. 29065], McMillan & Iwamoto 2015:827 [ref. 34263] as cf. villosus, Iwamoto et al. 2015:104 [ref. 35408], Carneiro et al. 2019:138 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Trachonurus villosus (Günther 1877). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Atlantic; southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia; western Pacific: Philippines north to Taiwan and Japan; south to New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

vinolenta, Ventrifossa Iwamoto [T.] & Merrett [N. R.] 1997:562, Fig. 37b-b' [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 176; ref. 23710] Chesterfield and Bellona Plateau, southwestern Pacific, 21°00.90'S, 160°50.30'E, depth 745-825 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1994-1006. Paratypes: BMNH 1996.7.19.39 (1); CAS 86475 (3); MNHN 1994-1007 and 1008 (3, 2). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:233 [ref. 24244]. •Valid as Ventrifossa vinolenta Iwamoto & Merrett 1997 -- (Bailly et al. 1999:233 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761], Merrett & Iwamoto 2000:778 [ref. 25037], Fricke et al. 2011:365 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Ventrifossa vinolenta Iwamoto & Merrett 1997. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Chesterfield Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

violaceus, Macrurus Zugmayer [E.] 1911:9 [Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique (Monaco) No. 193; ref. 6161] South of Portugal, 36°42'N, 8°40'W, station 2717, depth 750 meters. Syntypes: (6) BMNH 1934.12.19.29 [ex MOM] (2?), MOM 0091-1026 (4). Type catalog: Belloc 1949:17 [ref. 21544], Bailly et al. 1999:232 [ref. 24244] wrongly with a holotype. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Species illustrated and described in more detail in Zugmayer 1911:123, Pl. 6 (fig. 2) [ref. 4846]. •Synonym of Nezumia sclerorhynchus (Valenciennes 1838) -- (Marshall 1973:291 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer 1990:560 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:284 [ref. 18936], Bailly et al. 1999:232 [ref. 24244]). Current status: Synonym of Nezumia sclerorhynchus (Valenciennes 1838). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

vittatus, Macrurus Weber [M.] 1913:157, 618, Pl. 1 (fig. 5) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Original genus should have been Macrourus. See account of Macrurus fasciatus Weber 1913. •In the synonymy of Lucigadus microlepis (Günther 1878) -- (Iwamoto & Merrett 1997:528 [ref. 23710]). •Treated as valid as Lucigadus vittatus (Weber 1913) -- (Iwamoto 1999:1992 [ref. 24761]). Current status: Valid as Lucigadus vittatus (Weber 1913). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Habitat: marine.

vityazae, Caelorinchus Iwamoto [T.], Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] & Marquardt [B.] 2004:192, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 55 (no. 10); ref. 27643] Southwestern Indian Ocean, 33°16'42"S, 43°41'00"E, depth 900-920 meters. Holotype: CAS 66493. Paratypes: CAS 66485 (1), 66494 (3), 218975 (2); IORAS 179 (4), 529 (1). 1741 (1), 174279 (1); LACM 44770-1 (1); MNHN 1989-1139 and 1140 (1, 1), 1996-228 (1), 2000-1476 (2); USNM 307860 (7); ZMMGU P-15650 (3); ZISP uncat. (11). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Coelorinchus vityazae Iwamoto, Shcherbachev & Marquardt 2004 -- (Iwamoto & Graham 2008:142 [ref. 29641]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus vityazae Iwamoto, Shcherbachev & Marquardt 2004. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean and South Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

weberi, Coelorhynchus Gilbert [C. H.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:503, Figs. 25-26 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 1 (pt 7); ref. 1638] Off northern Luzon Island, Philippines, Albatross station 5325, depth 224 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 78225. Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Caelorinchus weberi Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto 1999:1991 [ref. 24761], Iwamoto in Randall & Lim 2000:595 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Coelorinchus weberi Gilbert & Hubbs 1920 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:138 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus weberi Gilbert & Hubbs 1920. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

whitsoni, Chalinura Regan [C. T.] 1913:236, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh v. 49 (pt 2, no. 2); ref. 3651] South Atlantic Ocan; off Coats Land, Antarctica, 71°22'S, 16°34'W, depth 1410 fathoms. Lectotype: BMNH 1912.7.1.87. Paralectotypes: NMSZ 1921.143.357 (1). Type catalog: Herman et al. 1990:4 [ref. 20727]. Lectotype selected in McMillan et al. 2012:18 [ref. 31767]. Paralectotype not seen by McMillan et al. 2012:21 [ref. 31767] and identity questioned. •Questionably a synonym of Macrourus holotrachys Günther 1878 -- (Iwamoto 1986:336 [ref. 5674]). •Valid as Coryphaenoides whitsoni (Regan 1913) -- (Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:136 [ref. 14235]). •Valid as Macrourus whitsoni (Regan 1913) -- (Trunov & Konstantinov 1989:54 [ref. 24542], Iwamoto 1990:204 [ref. 21688] with 1912.7.1.87 as holotype, Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:238 [ref. 18936], Trunov & Konstantinov 1990:51 [ref. 22872], Miller 1993:571 [ref. 21297], Petrov 2011:813 [ref. 32471], McMillan et al. 2012:17 [ref. 31767]). Current status: Valid as Macrourus whitsoni (Regan 1913). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Widespread in the Southern Ocean. Habitat: marine.

woodmasoni, Macrurus Alcock [A. W.] 1890:301 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 6 (no. 34); ref. 83] Off Elicapeni Bank, Laccadive Sea, 11°12'47"N, 74°25'30"E, Investigator station 104, depth 1000 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F12867. Alcock specimens: BMNH 1892.6.17.3 [ex ZSI] (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:139 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:38 [ref. 22148]. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Originally as wood-masoni. Figured in Alcock 1894: Pl. 13 (fig. 1) [ref. 17304]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides woodmasoni (Alcock 1890) -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev & Iwamoto 1995:307 [ref. 22071]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides woodmasoni (Alcock 1890). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

wularnia, Nezumia Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:205, Fig. 44a [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] Off Cape Cuvier, Western Australia, depth 1293-1320 meters. Holotype: AMS I.31157-011. Paratypes: AMS I.31157-011 (4), 31159-005 (6); CSIRO H 2544-12 (1), H 2544-14 (1), H 2545-01 (2), H 2553-09 (1), H 2581-15 (4), H 2615-07 (1), H 2616-07 to 09 (?), H 3017-03 (1), H 3022-03 (2); NMV A9523 (1), A9583 (3); NTM S.12716-007 (1). •Valid as Nezumia wularnia Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:602 [ref. 29065]). Current status: Valid as Nezumia wularnia Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

yamasakiorum, Hymenocephalus Nakayama [N.], Endo [H.] & Schwarzhans [W.] 2015:504, Figs. 1-4 [Ichthyological Research v. 62 (no. 4); ref. 33724] Tosa Bay off Aki, Kochi, Shikoku Island, Japan, depth 320-400 meters. Holotype (unique): BSKU 113692. •Valid as Hymenocephalus yamasakiorum Nakayama, Endo & Schwarzhans 2015. Current status: Valid as Hymenocephalus yamasakiorum Nakayama, Endo & Schwarzhans 2015. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Japan. Habitat: marine.

yaquinae, Coryphaenoides (Nematonurus) Iwamoto [T.] & Stein [D. L.] 1974:34, Figs. 15A, 20 [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences No. 111; ref. 7509] Northeastern Pacific, Tufts Abyssal Plain, 44°39'54"N, 133°37'12"W, depth 3724 meters. Holotype: USNM 211795. Paratypes: SIO 67-115 (2). See Mecklenburg et al. 2002:270 [ref. 25968]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides yaquinae Iwamoto & Stein 1974 -- (Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:201 [ref. 18936], Endo & Okamura 1992:433 [ref. 19773], Nakabo 2000:427 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:276 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:427 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:251 [ref. 28379], Fujii et al. 2010:512 [ref. 30881], Parin et al. 2014:167 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides yaquinae Iwamoto & Stein 1974. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: North Pacific and eastern south Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

yiwardaus, Trachonurus Iwamoto [T.] & Williams [A.] 1999:217, Fig. 50 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 23875] West of Leander Point, Western Australia, depth 1132-1136 meters. Holotype: NMV A9643. Paratypes: AMS I.3157-007 (2), I.31180-010 (1); CAS 200231 (1); CSIRO H 2592-10 (2), H 4783-01 (2), T 317 (1), T 320-321 (1, 1); NMV 19782 [ex A9643] (3), A11385-86 (1, 1). •Valid as Trachonurus yiwardaus Iwamoto & Williams 1999 -- (Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:605 [ref. 29065], Iwamoto & McMillan 2008:346 [ref. 30636]). Current status: Valid as Trachonurus yiwardaus Iwamoto & Williams 1999. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Southern and western Australia. Habitat: marine.

yurii, Coelorinchus Iwamoto [T.], Golani [D.], Baranes [A.] & Goren [M.] 2006:434, Figs. 1-3 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 57 (no. 13); ref. 28817] Between Alphonse and Bijoutier islands, Seychelles, depth 1900 meters. Holotype: TAU P.11602 [= SMNHTAU]. Paratypes: CAS 223466 (3), 66472 (2); ZMMGU uncat. (7), uncat. (1). Correct spelling of the genus is Coelorinchus. •Valid as Coelorinchus yurii Iwamoto, Golani, Baranes & Goren 2006. Current status: Valid as Coelorinchus yurii Iwamoto, Golani, Baranes & Goren 2006. Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Seychelles and Mascarene Ridge, Mascarenes, western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

zaniophorus, Macrurus Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:245, Pl. 22 (figs. 4-4a) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Coast of Spanish Sahara, 23°00'N, 17°30'W, station 82, depth 932 meters. Lectotype: MNHN 1886-0182. Paralectotypes: (5) MNHN 1886-0181 (1), 1886-0184 to 0186 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:232 [ref. 24244] wrongly with a holotype. Original genus should have been Macrourus. Lectotype selected by Eschmeyer 1998:1812 [ref. 23416]. Type information: Bauchot et al. 1972:666 [ref. 11384]. •Valid as Coryphaenoides zaniophorus (Vaillant 1888) -- (Marshall 1973:296 [ref. 7194], Geistdoerfer in Whitehead et al. 1986:661 [ref. 13676], Geistdoerfer 1990:552 [ref. 16195], Iwamoto in Cohen et al. 1990:221 [ref. 18936], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:781 [ref. 23897], Bailly et al. 1999:232 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto 2003:987 [ref. 27010], Iwamoto 2016:1980 [ref. 34585], Carneiro et al. 2019:135 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Coryphaenoides zaniophorus (Vaillant 1888). Macrouridae: Macrourinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.