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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Malacanthidae: [ 29 ] records


andamanensis, Hoplolatilus Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2019:3, Figs. 1-2, 4B, 7A [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 25 (no. 1); ref. 36522] "The Wall" dive site, Havelock Island, Andaman Islands, approximately 12°03.297'N, 92°57.525'E, depth 35-40 meters. Holotype: WAM P.33246-001. Paratypes: WAM. •Valid as Hoplolatilus andamanensis Allen & Erdmann 2019. Current status: Valid as Hoplolatilus andamanensis Allen & Erdmann 2019. Malacanthidae. Distribution: Andaman Islands. Habitat: marine.

brevirostris, Malacanthus Guichenot [A.] 1848:14 [Revue Zoologique par la Société Cuvierienne (Paris) v. 11; ref. 18163] Madagascar. Lectotype: MNHN A-3661. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-3662 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:23 [ref. 15502]. Lectotype selected by Dooley 1978:60 [ref. 5499]. •Valid as Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot 1848 -- (Dooley 1978:58 [ref. 5499], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:152 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:120 [ref. 29757], Shen & Lin 1984:11 [ref. 13822], Heemstra 1986:614 [ref. 5660], Allen & Swainston 1988:76 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:566 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:181 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:33 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:154 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:166 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:161 [ref. 25479], Allen & Robertson 1994:124 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:32 [ref. 25356], Schneider & Krupp in Fischer et al. 1995:1271 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:351 [ref. 24023], Allen 1997:118 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:152 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:154 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:135 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:238 [ref. 24106], Dooley 1999:2647 [ref. 24837], Johnson 1999:733 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:88 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:784 [ref. 25086], Dooley in Randall & Lim 2000:615 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:222 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:13 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:784 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:15 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:265 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:218 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:359 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:1129 [ref. 28995], Randall 2007:218 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:54 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:114 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:423 [ref. 31980], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Trnski 2015:1235 [ref. 34198], Motomura et al. 2015:22 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:35 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:177 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:81 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:142 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:413 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot 1848. Malacanthidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Panama, north to Ryukyu Islands (southern Japan), Hawaiian Islands, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia, northern New Zealand and Austral Islands. Habitat: marine.

chlupatyi, Hoplolatilus Klausewitz [W.], McCosker [J. E.], Randall [J. E.] & Zetzsche [H.] 1978:42, Figs. 1-14 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 5 (no. 2); ref. 5337] Indo-Australian Archipelago (probably Cebu, Philippines). Holotype: SMF 14089. Paratypes: BPBM 21090 (1), CAS 40825 (1). •Valid as Hoplolatilus chlupatyi Klausewitz, McCosker, Randall & Zetzsche 1978 -- (Earle & Pyle 1997:382 [ref. 22771], Senou et al. 1997:2 [ref. 24380], Dooley 1999:2640 [ref. 24837], Nakabo 2000:785 [ref. 25086], Dooley in Randall & Lim 2000:615 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:785 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Allen 2007:105 [ref. 29223], Allen et al. 2010:172 [ref. 30989], Allen & Erdmann 2012:420 [ref. 31980], Lisher et al. 2020:[2] [ref. 37556]). Current status: Valid as Hoplolatilus chlupatyi Klausewitz, McCosker, Randall & Zetzsche 1978. Malacanthidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Mozambique; Indonesia east to Philippines, north to Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

cuniculus, Hoplolatilus Randall [J. E.] & Dooley [J. K.] 1974:466, Figs. 1D, 9 [Copeia 1974 (no. 2); ref. 5336] Edge of pass, Papara, off Popote Bay, Tahiti, Society Islands [French Polynesia, South Pacific], depth 36-45 meters. Holotype: BPBM 11996. Paratypes: AMS I.17155-001; BMNH 1973.7.17.2 (1); BPBM 9281 (2), 11997 (4); CAS 28354 (1); MNHN 1973-0035 (1); USNM 209534 (1 or 9). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:22 [ref. 15502]. •Valid as Hoplolatilus cuniculus Randall & Dooley 1974 -- (Dooley 1978:66 [ref. 5499], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:152 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:566 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:154 [ref. 15987], Earle & Pyle 1997:382 [ref. 22771], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:154 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:24 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:134 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:237 [ref. 24106], Dooley 1999:2640 [ref. 24837], Nakabo 2000:785 [ref. 25086], Dooley in Randall & Lim 2000:615 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:221 [ref. 25191], Nakabo 2002:785 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Randall et al. 2004:15 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:217 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:1128 [ref. 28995], Allen 2007:105 [ref. 29223], Allen et al. 2010:172 [ref. 30989], Motomura et al. 2010:114 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:420 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2018:177 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Hoplolatilus cuniculus Randall & Dooley 1974. Malacanthidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Marshall Islands and Society Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga; postlarvae straying to South Africa. Habitat: marine.

erdmanni, Hoplolatilus Allen [G. R.] 2007:103, Figs. 1-2 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 29223] Northwest entrance to Selat Iris, 3°53.757'S, 134°06.638'E, near Triton Bay, Irian Jaya, Barat Province, Indonesia, depth 55 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6315. Paratypes: WAM P.32860-012 (1). Type catalog: Not treated by Moore et al. 2008 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Hoplolatilus erdmanni Allen 2007 -- (Allen et al. 2010:172 [ref. 30989], Allen & Erdmann 2012:420 [ref. 31980], Allen & Erdmann 2019:10 [ref. 36522]). Current status: Valid as Hoplolatilus erdmanni Allen 2007. Malacanthidae. Distribution: West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

fourmanoiri, Hoplolatilus Smith [J. L. B.] 1964:746, Pl. 23 (fig. A) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 6 (no. 72) (for 1963); ref. 3483] Off Vietnam, depth 10-20 fathoms. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 610. Paratypes: MNHN 1965-0580 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 608 + 609 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:22 [ref. 15502]. •Valid as Hoplolatilus fourmanoiri Smith 1964 -- (Dooley 1978:67 [ref. 5499], Allen & Kuiter 1989:40 [ref. 13504], Earle & Pyle 1997:382 [ref. 22771], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Dooley 1999:2640 [ref. 24837], Dooley in Randall & Lim 2000:615 [ref. 25122], Allen 2007:105 [ref. 29223], Dooley & Jimenez 2008:84 [ref. 29662], Allen et al. 2010:172 [ref. 30989], Allen & Erdmann 2012:421 [ref. 31980], Allen & Erdmann 2019:10 [ref. 36522]). Current status: Valid as Hoplolatilus fourmanoiri Smith 1964. Malacanthidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines, West Papua and Solomon Islands, north to Yaeyama Islands (Japan). Habitat: marine.

fronticinctus, Latilus Günther [A.] 1887:550, Pl. 48 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1887 (pt 3) (art. 8) (for 23 June 1887); ref. 2014] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1886.2.5.8. •Valid as Hoplolatilus fronticinctus (Günther 1887) -- (Dooley 1978:64 [ref. 5499], Heemstra 1986:614 [ref. 5660], Earle & Pyle 1997:382 [ref. 22771], Myers 1999:135 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:238 [ref. 24106], Dooley 1999:2640 [ref. 24837], Dooley in Randall & Lim 2000:615 [ref. 25122], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Allen 2007:105 [ref. 29223], Dooley & Jimenez 2008:80 [ref. 29662], Allen et al. 2010:172 [ref. 30989], Motomura et al. 2010:114 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:421 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:80 [ref. 33932], Allen & Erdmann 2019:10 [ref. 36522], Lisher et al. 2020:[4] [ref. 37556]). Current status: Valid as Hoplolatilus fronticinctus (Günther 1887). Malacanthidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa, South Africa and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to India. Pacific records are based on H. randalli. Habitat: marine.

geo, Hoplolatilus Fricke [H.-W.] & Kacher [H.] 1982:247, Figs. 1-2 [Senckenbergiana Maritima v. 14 (nos 5-6); ref. 8482] Ras Nasrani, depth 80 meters; Ras um Sid near Sharm El Scheikh, depth 100-116 meters, along the Sinai coast, Sharm el Sheikh, South Sinai Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. No types known. Observed from diving vehicle, no specimens collected; name still available. •Valid as Hoplolatilus geo Fricke & Kacher 1982 -- (Goren & Dor 1994:32 [ref. 25356], Earle & Pyle 1997:382 [ref. 22771], Allen 2007:105 [ref. 29223], Allen et al. 2010:172 [ref. 30989], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:81 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Hoplolatilus geo Fricke & Kacher 1982. Malacanthidae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

hoedtii, Malacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1859:18 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 6 (art. 2); ref. 14003] Doreh Bay [Doreh], off Manokwari, West Papua, Indonesia, New Guinea, ca. 0°53'25''S 134°05'29''E. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6351. Spelled hoedti on p.3. •Synonym of Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot 1848 -- (Dooley 1978:58 [ref. 5499], Dor 1984:120 [ref. 29757], Shen & Lin 1984:11 [ref. 13822], Randall et al. 1990:154 [ref. 15987], Dooley 1999:2647 [ref. 24837], Randall 2005:218 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:359 [ref. 28379], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:332 [ref. 28867], Randall 2007:218 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2018:177 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:81 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot 1848. Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

incredibilis, Dikellorhynchus Smith [J. L. B.] 1956:54, Pl. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 9 (no. 97) (art. 5); ref. 4102] Mpkweni, between Port Alfred and East London, South Africa, 33°25'S, 27°15'E, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 160. •Synonym of Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot 1848 -- (Dooley 1978:59 [ref. 5499], Heemstra 1986:614 [ref. 5660], Dooley 1999:2647 [ref. 24837], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:264 [ref. 28072]). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot 1848. Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

latovittatus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:455, 526, Pl. 28 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] [Grand Océan équatorial] Indo-West Pacific. No types at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:98 [ref. 19171], Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:35 [ref. 15502]. Based on an illustration in a manuscript by Commerson [Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist]. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:240 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Dooley 1978:60 [ref. 5499], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:152 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:120 [ref. 29757], Shen & Lin 1984:11 [ref. 13822], Heemstra 1986:614 [ref. 5660], Paxton et al. 1989:566 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:33 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:155 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:166 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:32 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:168 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:155 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:135 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:239 [ref. 24106], Dooley 1999:2648 [ref. 24837], Allen 2000:88 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:784 [ref. 25086], Dooley in Randall & Lim 2000:615 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:222 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:784 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:15 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:265 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:218 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:359 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:1129 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2009:54 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:112 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:114 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:424 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:258 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:81 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:177 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:81 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:142 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:74 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:413 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801). Malacanthidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

latovittatus, Taenianotus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:303, 304, not Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. The description can be referred to Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801), but the plate represents a scorpaenoid (see Apistus taeniatus Cuvier 1829 and Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:35 [ref. 15502]). Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:240 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. The description is regarded as independent from Labrus latovittatus Lacepède 1801, but both represent the same species, Malacanthus latovittatus, so Taenianotus latovittatus is secondarily preoccupied. •The description and plate represent different families. Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801). Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

luteus, Hoplolatilus Allen [G. R.] & Kuiter [R. H.] 1989:40, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 16 (no. 2); ref. 13504] About 20 kilometers east of Maumere at Wairbleber Reef, Flores, Indonesia [Flores Sea], about 8°38'S, 122°22'E, depth 32 meters. Holotype (unique): NCIP 4024. •Valid as Hoplolatilus luteus Allen & Kuiter 1989 -- (Dooley 1999:2640 [ref. 24837], Dooley in Randall & Lim 2000:615 [ref. 25122], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Allen 2007:105 [ref. 29223], Satapoomin 2009:111 [ref. 30463], Allen et al. 2010:172, 181 [ref. 30989], Allen & Erdmann 2012:421 [ref. 31980]). •Synonym of Hoplolatilus fourmanoiri Smith 1964 -- (Dooley & Jimenez 2008:84 [ref. 29662], Allen & Erdmann 2019:11 [ref. 36522]). Current status: Synonym of Hoplolatilus fourmanoiri Smith 1964. Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

marcosi, Hoplolatilus Burgess [W. E.] 1978:47, Fig. [Tropical Fish Hobbyist v. 26 (no. 5); ref. 7234] Around Tingloy Island off Orensi near Mabini, Batangas, Luzon Island, Philippines, depth about 60-80 feet. Holotype: USNM 217860. Paratypes: USNM 217859 (1). •Valid as Hoplolatilus marcosi Burgess 1978 -- (Earle & Pyle 1997:382 [ref. 22771], Yoshino & Kon 1998:111 [ref. 23632], Myers 1999:135 [ref. 23965], Dooley 1999:2640 [ref. 24837], Nakabo 2000:785 [ref. 25086], Dooley in Randall & Lim 2000:615 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:785 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:15 [ref. 27624], Allen 2007:105 [ref. 29223], Allen et al. 2010:172 [ref. 30989], Allen & Erdmann 2012:422 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:80 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Hoplolatilus marcosi Burgess 1978. Malacanthidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines and Indonesia to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

oblongus, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Parra) 1801:283 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Locality not stated [Havana, Cuba]. No types known. Based on the 'Matejuerlo blanco' of Parra 1787:22, Pl. 13 (fig. 1). •Synonym of Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786). Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

opistoculus, Malacanthus plumieri var. Borodin [N. A.] 1928:22 [Bulletin Vanderbilt Oceanographic Museum v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 526] No locality given. Holotype: VMM 421 (not found in 1996). •Synonym of Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786). Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

oreni, Asymmetrurus Clark [E.] & Ben-Tuvia [A.] 1973:70, Figs. 6-8 [Bulletin, Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Fisheries, Sea Fisheries Research Station Haifa No. 60; ref. 838] Near Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): USNM 208593 [ex HUJ F5130]. •Valid as Hoplolatilus oreni (Clark & Ben-Tuvia 1973) -- (Dooley 1978:68 [ref. 5499], Dor 1984:120 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:32 [ref. 25356], Earle & Pyle 1997:382 [ref. 22771], Dooley 1999:2640 [ref. 24837], Allen 2007:105 [ref. 29223], Dooley & Jimenez 2008:80 [ref. 29662], Allen et al. 2010:172 [ref. 30989], DiBattista et al. 2015:20 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:81 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Hoplolatilus oreni (Clark & Ben-Tuvia 1973). Malacanthidae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

parvipinnis, Malacanthus Vaillant [L. L.] & Sauvage [H.-E.] 1875:283 [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 3) v. 3; ref. 17853] Hawaiian Islands. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8039 (1), 0000-8893 (1), 0000-8894 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:23-24 [ref. 15502]. •Synonym of Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot 1848 -- (Dooley 1978:58 [ref. 5499], Shen & Lin 1984:11 [ref. 13822], Dooley 1999:2647 [ref. 24837], Mundy 2005:359 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot 1848. Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

plumieri, Coryphaena Bloch [M. E.] 1786:146, Pl. 175 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 2; ref. 465] Antilles. No types known. Based on Plumier drawing. Spelled plümieri once in text, plumieri on plate. First reviser not researched. On p. 119 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 5 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786) -- (Dooley 1978:55 [ref. 5499], Robins & Ray 1986:155 [ref. 23100], Dooley 1990:720 [ref. 18458], Boschung 1992:128 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:358 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:41 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:229 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:159 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1644 [ref. 25634], Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909], Collette et al. 2003:109 [ref. 26784], Dooley 2003:1411 [ref. 27086], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:79 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:139 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:250 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:47 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:7 [ref. 33516], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:159 [ref. 37485], Pinheiro et al. 2015:17 [ref. 34324], Dooley in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2438 [ref. 34618], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961], Spier et al. 2018:10 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786). Malacanthidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda and Bahamas south to Uruguay, including Gulf of Mexico; southern-central Atlantic: Ascension Island. Habitat: marine.

pohle, Hoplolatilus Earle [J. L.] & Pyle [R. L.] 1997:382, Figs. 2-3 [Copeia 1997 (no. 2); ref. 22771] Pohle's Reef, 9°52'42"S, 150°46'14"E, Normandy Island, D'Entrecasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea, depth 82 meters. Holotype: BPBM 36940. Paratypes: USNM 338509 (1). •Valid as Hoplolatilus pohle Earle & Pyle 1997 -- (Allen 2007:105 [ref. 29223], Allen et al. 2010:172 [ref. 30989], Allen & Erdmann 2012:422 [ref. 31980]) Current status: Valid as Hoplolatilus pohle Earle & Pyle 1997. Malacanthidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

purpureus, Hoplolatilus Burgess [W. E.] 1978:43, Fig. [Tropical Fish Hobbyist v. 26 (no. 5); ref. 7234] Tingloy Island off Orensi near Mabini, Batangas, Luzon Island, Philippines, depth about 60-80 feet. Holotype: USNM 217858. Paratypes: USNM 217857 (1). •Valid as Hoplolatilus purpureus Burgess 1978 -- (Earle & Pyle 1997:382 [ref. 22771], Dooley 1999:2640 [ref. 24837], Dooley in Randall & Lim 2000:615 [ref. 25122], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Allen 2007:105 [ref. 29223], Allen et al. 2010:172 [ref. 30989], Allen & Erdmann 2012:422 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:80 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Hoplolatilus purpureus Burgess 1978. Malacanthidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and the Philippines to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

randalli, Hoplolatilus Allen [G. R.], Erdmann [M. V.] & Hamilton [A. M.] 2010:174, Figs. 1-2 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 30989] Boo Kecil, 2°13.393'S, 130°34.687'E, south-eastern Misool, Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua, Indonesia. Holotype: NCIP 6354. Paratypes: many at AMS, BPBM, NCIP, USNM and WAM. •Valid as Hoplolatilus randalli Allen, Erdmann & Hamilton 2010 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:423 [ref. 31980], Motomura et al. 2017:102 [ref. 35490], Allen & Erdmann 2019:10 [ref. 36522]). Current status: Valid as Hoplolatilus randalli Allen, Erdmann & Hamilton 2010. Malacanthidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines, Micronesia and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

starcki, Hoplolatilus Randall [J. E.] & Dooley [J. K.] 1974:464, Figs. 1C, 6-8 [Copeia 1974 (no. 2); ref. 5336] Outside fringing reef, northwestern Cocos Island, Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific, depth 75 feet. Holotype: BPBM 7298. Paratypes: AMS I.17154-001 (1); BMNH 1973.7.17.1 (1); BPBM 7297 (1), 9202 (2), 9441 (1), 9535 (1), 11662 (now 0), 12455-57 (1, 1, 1), 12571 (1), 14005 (1); CAS 28353 (1); MNHN 1973-0034 (1); USNM 209535 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:22 [ref. 15502]. •Valid as Hoplolatilus starcki Randall & Dooley 1974 -- (Dooley 1978:65 [ref. 5499], Fricke 1981:117 [ref. 30500], Paxton et al. 1989:566 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:154 [ref. 15987], Chen et al. 1997:148 [ref. 24620], Earle & Pyle 1997:382 [ref. 22771], Allen 1997:130 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:152 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:154 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:135 [ref. 23965], Dooley 1999:2640 [ref. 24837], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:221 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:15 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:217 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:1128 [ref. 28995], Allen 2007:105 [ref. 29223], Allen et al. 2010:172 [ref. 30989], Allen & Erdmann 2012:423 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:80 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:35 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:142 [ref. 36673], Moore et al. 2020:109 [ref. 37357]). Current status: Valid as Hoplolatilus starcki Randall & Dooley 1974. Malacanthidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), south to northern Australia and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

taenianotus, Apistes Valenciennes [A.] In Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:528 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Based on Lacepède 1802, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) which corresponds to Taenianotus latovittatus in the text, but the text represents a malacanthid. Malacanthidae.

taeniatus, Malacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:327, Pl. 381 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean; Doreh Harbor, New Guinea. Syntypes: MNHN A-3671 (1) Mauritius, A-9308 (1) Mauritius, A-9309 (1) Mauritius, A-9310 (1) Doreh Harbor. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:24 [ref. 15502]. •Synonym of Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Dooley 1978:61 [ref. 5499], Fricke 1999:239 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801). Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

trachinus, Malacanthus Valenciennes [A.] 1841:no page number, Pl. 90 (fig. 3) [Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation; ref. 17868] Martinique Island, West Indies. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:35-36 [ref. 15502]. •Synonym of Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786). Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

tropidolepis, Dikellorhynchus Berry [F. H.] 1958:117, Figs. 1-6 [Copeia 1958 (no. 2); ref. 12047] About 96 miles east of Cape Lookout Light, North Carolina, about 34°28.5'N, 74°38.5'W, bottom depth 1800 fathoms (stomach content). Holotype: USNM 158376. Paratypes: UF 232071 [ex UMML 32071, ex TABL] (1, c&s), USNM 158377 (1, c&s). •Synonym of Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786) -- (Dooley 1978:56 [ref. 5499]). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch 1786). Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

urichthys, Malacanthus Fowler [H. W.] 1904:549, Pl. 22 (lower fig.) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 1367] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ANSP 27783. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:31 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Dooley 1978:61 [ref. 5499]). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801). Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

vittatus, Labrus Griffith [E.] & Smith [C. H.] 1834:opp. 254, Pl. 45 (fig. 1) [The class Pisces, arranged by the Baron Cuvier; ref. 1908] No locality stated. No types known. Not available, preoccupied by Labrus vittatus Walbaum 1792. •Synonym of Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801). Current status: Synonym of Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède 1801). Malacanthidae. Habitat: marine.