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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Megalopidae: [ 15 ] records


atlanticus, Megalops Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:398 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Antilles (Guadeloupe, Martinique Island, Santo Domingo, Puerto Rico) and Brazil. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3177 (1) Santo Domingo, A.8839 (1, dry) Guadeloupe, A-8840 (1, dry) Martinique. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:260 [ref. 293]. •Valid as Tarpon atlanticus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Villa 1982:77 [ref. 36708], Daget 1984:33 [ref. 6170], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1984:226 [ref. 13675], Bussing 1987:62 [ref. 22927], Saldanha & Whitehead 1990:120 [ref. 35708], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1990:90 [ref. 21589], Cervigón 1992:358 [ref. 23827], Planquette et al. 1996:54 [ref. 22818], Santos et al. 1997:120 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:25 [ref. 24952], Aguilera 1998:46 [ref. 24221], Marín 2000:64 [ref. 26252], Miller 2006:86 [ref. 28615]). •Valid as Megalops atlanticus Valenciennes 1847 -- (Lee et al. 1980:57 [ref. 22416], Robins & Ray 1986:47 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:73 [ref. 25518], Smith 1989:968 [ref. 13285], McAllister 1990:44 [ref. 14674], Cervigón 1991:20 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:31 [ref. 23239], Poll & Gosse 1995:85 [ref. 24781], Randall 1995:52 [ref. 22896], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:57 [ref. 22947], Murdy et al. 1997:60 [ref. 23144], Torelli et al. 1997:70 [ref. 24612], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:207 [ref. 23897], Bussing 1998:61 [ref. 24179], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:88 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:126 [ref. 25013], Fuller et al. 1999:34 [ref. 25838], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:147 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:989 [ref. 25909], Camargo & Isaac 2001:140 [ref. 27639], Crabtree in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:90 [ref. 26158], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27061], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:31 [ref. 27192], Smith & Crabtree 2003:681 [ref. 35183], Smith et al. 2003:7 [ref. 27621], Arronte et al. 2004:1091 [ref. 36098], Nelson et al. 2004:59 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:127 [ref. 27995], Randall 2005:25 [ref. 28239], Matamoros et al. 2009:7 [ref. 31241], Page et al. 2013:59 [ref. 32708], Phillip et al. 2013:14 [ref. 32896], Wirtz et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32972], Kottelat 2013:34 [ref. 32989], Angulo et al. 2013:989 [ref. 33194], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:22 [ref. 33341], Félix et al. 2016:D [4] [ref. 34346], Ferraris 2016:1588 [ref. 34555], Robertson et al. 2016:144 [ref. 34961], Marceniuk et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35324], Costa et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35684], Barraza 2018:934 [ref. 36288], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:344 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:59 [ref. 35886], Bañón et al. 2019:204 [ref. 36789], Carneiro et al. 2019:55 [ref. 37250], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36692], Robertson et al. 2020:158 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Megalops atlanticus Valenciennes 1847. Megalopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia (Canada) south to Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Ireland and western France south to Angola, including Azores and Madeira. Introduced in eastern Pacific (Guatemala south to Colombia). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cundinga, Cyprinodon Hamilton [F.] 1822:254, 283 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ganges River estuary, India. No types known. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 143 [ref. 37532]. •Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782) -- (Okada 1961:287 [ref. 6363], Daget 1984:32 [ref. 6170], Ataur Rahman 2003:259 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:34 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782). Megalopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

curtifilis, Megalops Richardson [J.] 1846:310 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Chinese seas. No types known. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:297 [ref. 11606]). •Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782) -- (Okada 1961:288 [ref. 6363], Daget 1984:32 [ref. 6170], Zhang 2001:47 [ref. 26586] dated 1845, Kottelat 2013:34 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782). Megalopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cyprinoides, Clupea Broussonet [P. M. A.] 1782:[39], Pl. [9] [Ichthyologia, sistens piscium descriptiones et icones. Decas I.; ref. 17287] Tana, New Hebrides [Tanna, Vanuatu] (original localities: tropical seas, several localities). Lectotype: BMNH 1962.12.1.1. On unnumbered p. 39 and unnumbered Pl. 9. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 2013:34 [ref. 32989]. •Valid as Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782) -- (Okada 1961:287 [ref. 6363], Roberts 1978:26 [ref. 8886], Kyushin et al. 1982:27 [ref. 19754], Daget 1984:32 [ref. 6170], Uyeno in Masuda et al. 1984:21 [ref. 6441], Kuang in Kuang et al. 1986:14 [ref. 26639], Smith 1986:156 [ref. 5712], Allen & Swainston 1988:30 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:104 [ref. 12442], Ataur Rahman 1989:234 [ref. 24860], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:46 [ref. 25598], Larson & Martin 1990:1 [ref. 16606], Allen & Coates 1990:52 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:38 [ref. 21090], Pethiyagoda 1991:39 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:69 [ref. 20764], Kuang in Pan et al. 1991:29 [ref. 23876], Allen et al. 1992:298 [ref. 21400], Indra 1993:181 [ref. 24009], Kottelat et al. 1993:5 [ref. 23448], Skelton 1993:102 [ref. 24071], Poll & Gosse 1995:85 [ref. 24781], Goren & Dor 1994:6 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:48 [ref. 22896], Pollard in McDowall 1996:50 [ref. 22909], Rainboth 1996:53 [ref. 22772], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:93 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:50 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:12 [ref. 26476], Larson & Williams 1997:346 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:106 [ref. 23922], Myers 1999:40 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:34 [ref. 24106], Smith 1999:1621 [ref. 24661], Johnson 1999:720 [ref. 25471], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:184 [ref. 25703], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:341 [ref. 25191], Nakabo 2000:188 [ref. 25086], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Randall & Earle 2000:5 [ref. 25806], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:584 [ref. 25122], Allen et al. 2000:27 [ref. 27467], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Sakai et al. 2001:84 [ref. 25693], Zhang 2001:47 [ref. 26586], Skelton 2001:102 [ref. 27406], Allen et al. 2002:333 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:188 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:137, 488 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S94 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:610 [ref. 27495], Ataur Rahman 2003:259 [ref. 31338], Randall et al. 2004:5 [ref. 27624], Morgan et al. 2004:151 [ref. 27718], Tan & Lim 2004:108 [ref. 27716], Heemstra et al. 2004:3316 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:98 [ref. 28072], Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:196 [ref. 28107], Randall 2005:25 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:223 [ref. 28995], Dolganov et al. 2008:275 [ref. 29598], Allen et al. 2008:32 [ref. 30265], Fricke et al. 2009:13 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:69 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31242], Marshall 2011:57 [ref. 31755], Larson et al. 2013:23 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:33 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:18 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:16 [ref. 33932], Morgan et al. 2014:33 [ref. 36567], Parin et al. 2014:46 [ref. 33547], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:144 [ref. 34104], Miesen et al. 2016:80 [ref. 34492], Koeda et al. 2016:6 [ref. 35333], Labatos 2017:3 [ref. 36239], Motomura et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35490], Pusey et al. 2017:17 [ref. 35250], Fricke et al. 2018:29 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:19 [ref. 36273], Sulaiman et al. 2018:44 [ref. 35802], Suresh et al. 2018:54 [ref. 36495], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:597 [ref. 36226], Eagderi et al. 2019:32 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:48 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:61 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:270 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:16 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782). Megalopidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Persian Gulf, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Mariana Islands, Tuamotu Archipelago and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Korea and Japan, south to northwestern Australia, New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia and Austral Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

elongatus, Megalops Girard [C. F.] 1859:224 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 10 (for Dec. 1858); ref. 18068] Long Island, New York, U.S.A. (stray). No types known. •Synonym of Tarpon atlanticus (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1984:226 [ref. 13675], Saldanha & Whitehead 1990:120 [ref. 35708]). •Synonym of Megalops atlanticus Valenciennes 1847 -- (Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Megalops atlanticus Valenciennes 1847. Megalopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

filamentosus, Megalops Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1803:289, 290, Pl. 13 (fig. 3) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Fort Dauphin, Madagascar. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-2167. Type catalog: Fricke et al. 2018:29 [ref. 35805]. •Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782) -- (Okada 1961:287 [ref. 6363], Daget 1984:32 [ref. 6170], Fricke 1999:34 [ref. 24106], Ataur Rahman 2003:259 [ref. 31338], Paxton et al. 2006:223 [ref. 28995], Kottelat 2013:34 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2018:29 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782). Megalopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gigantea, Clupea Shaw [G.] 1804:173 [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] Locality: Tanna Island, Vanuatu (original localities: American and Indian seas). Lectotype: BMNH 1962.12.1.1. Based on literature sources. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 2013:34 [ref. 32989]. •Synonym of Tarpon atlanticus Valenciennes 1847 -- (Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1984:226 [ref. 13675]). •Synonym of Megalops atlanticus Valenciennes 1847 -- (Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782) -- (Kottelat 2013:34 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782). Megalopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

indicus, Megalops Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:388, Pl. 576 [not 542] [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3594 (1) Moluccas; 0000-3595-0000-3596 and 0000-3602 and 0000-4596 (5) Alipey, coast of Malabar; 0000-3597-0000-3601 (5), 0000-3603 (1) and 0000-4597 (1) Malabar; 0000-3604 to 0000-3606 (3) Coromandel; ?B.-2167 (1), etc. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:259-260 [ref. 293]. •Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782) -- (Okada 1961:288 [ref. 6363], Daget 1984:32 [ref. 6170], Fricke 1999:35 [ref. 24106], Kottelat 2013:34 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2018:29 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782). Megalopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kundinga, Megalops Bleeker [P.] 1866:288 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 3; ref. 14050] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Based on Kundinga Russell which is Cyprinodon cundinga Hamilton 1822. Regarded as an unjustified emendation or unneeded substitute. •Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782) -- (Okada 1961:287 [ref. 6363], Zhang 2001:48 [ref. 26586], Kottelat 2013:34 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782). Megalopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macrophthalmus, Megalops Bleeker [P.] 1851:421 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 16891] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.11.28.68. Bleeker specimens: RMNH 7136 (1). •Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782) -- (Okada 1961:288 [ref. 6363], Daget 1984:32 [ref. 6170], Kottelat 2013:34 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782). Megalopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macropterus, Megalops Bleeker [P.] 1866:284 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 3; ref. 14050] Undetermined, several possible localities. Lectotype: BMNH 1867.11.28.69. Paralectotypes: ?RMNH 7134 (3). Lectotype selected by Whitehead et al. 1966:24 [ref. 6860]. •Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782) -- (Daget 1984:32 [ref. 6170], Kottelat 2013:34 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782). Megalopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

oligolepis, Megalops Bleeker [P.] 1866:292 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 3; ref. 14050] Probably Penang, Malaysia. Lost. Based on misidentification by Cantor. •Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782) -- (Daget 1984:32 [ref. 6170], Ataur Rahman 2003:259 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:34 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782). Megalopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

setipinnis, Megalops Richardson [J.] 1843:493 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) Suppl. to v. 11 (no. 73); ref. 18627] Port Essington, Northern Territory, Australia; Tanna Island,Vanuatu. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.1.4.20 (skin), 1962.12.1.1 (1), 1964.11.6.14 (1, skin). Type information: Whitehead 1970:297 [ref. 11606] with a holotype. •Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782) -- (Okada 1961:287 [ref. 6363], Daget 1984:32 [ref. 6170], Paxton et al. 1989:104 [ref. 12442], Zhang 2001:47 [ref. 26586], Paxton et al. 2006:223 [ref. 28995], Larson et al. 2013:23 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:34 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782). Megalopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

staigeri, Brisbania Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:241, Pl. 3 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 761] Upper Brisbane River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): No types known. •Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782) -- (Okada 1961:288 [ref. 6363], Daget 1984:33 [ref. 6170], Paxton et al. 1989:104 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:223 [ref. 28995], Kottelat 2013:34 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782). Megalopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

thrissoides, Clupea Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:424 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Atlantic and Pacifics [Atlantic in error] or based on two species. Lectotype: BMNH 1962.12.1.1. The name Megalops atlanticus should be continued following provisions of the 1999 code. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 2013:33 [ref. 32989]. •Senior synonym of Megalops atlanticus Valenciennes 1847 -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:126 [ref. 25013], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27061] with question). •Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782) -- (Kottelat 2013:33 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet 1782). Megalopidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.