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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Melamphaidae: [ 83 ] records


acanthomus, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:51, Fig. 22 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] Off San Diego, California, U.S.A., 32°46'N, 117°32.5'W, depth 0-840 meters over bottom depth of 1040 meters. Holotype: SIO 54-86 [spec. 1]. Paratypes: SIO 50-269 (1), 50-286 (1), 51-16 (1), 51-74 (1), 51-80 (1), 51-92 (1), 51-392 (1), 52-39 (1), 54-83 (1), 54-86 [spec. 2] (1), 54-123 to 124 (1, 1), 54-126 (1), 57-96 (2), 59-200 (3), 59-202 to 203 (3, 1); CAS-SU 46480 (1); ZMUC P41118 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:58 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes acanthomus Ebeling 1962 -- (Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 2004:1 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2012:145 [ref. 31963] as acanthmus once on p. 145, Kotlyar 2012:254 [ref. 32009]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes acanthomus Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific off southern California to the Gulf of Panama and Gulf of California south to northern Chile. Habitat: marine.

agafonovae, Poromitra Kotlyar [A. N.] 2009:572, Fig. 4 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 49 (no. 8); ref. 30590] Western Indian Ocean, 8°03'S, 67°49'E, depth 2827-0 meters, over bottom depth of 3020 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-22125. Paratypes: ZMUU P-22126 (1). •Valid as Poromitra agafonovae Kotlyar 2009 -- (Kotlyar 2010:243 [ref. 30796], Kotlyar 2010:808 [ref. 32452]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra agafonovae Kotlyar 2009. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

anthrax, Lophocephalus Osório [B.] 1906:173, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Jornal do Sciências Mathemáticas, Physicas e Naturaes, Lisboa (Ser. 2) v. 7; ref. 3316] Western coast of Portugal, eastern North Atlantic [stomach content]. Holotype (unique): MB T-126(145) (destroyed in fire in 1978). •Synonym of Poromitra capito Goode & Bean 1883 -- (Maul 1973:345 [ref. 7171], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:761 [ref. 13676], Maul 1990:615 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 2004:4 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2009:711 [ref. 30627]). Current status: Synonym of Poromitra capito Goode & Bean 1883. Melamphaidae. Habitat: marine.

atlanticus, Melamphaes Norman [J. R.] 1929:165 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 4 (no. 20) (art. 14); ref. 15914] South Atlantic, 33°54'S, 16°04'E, depth 850-950 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1930.1.12.1010. Paratypes: BMNH 1930.1.12.1011-1014 (4). •Synonym of Poromitra crassiceps (Günther 1878) -- (Maul 1973:345 [ref. 7171], Maul 1990:616 [ref. 17237], Gon 1990:219 [ref. 21680], Shinohara et al. 1996:173 [ref. 26605], Kotlyar 2004:5 [ref. 27590]). •Valid as Poromitra atlantica (Norman 1929) -- (Kotlyar 2009:563 [ref. 30590], Kotlyar 2010:243 [ref. 30796], Stewart & Bray 2015:984 [ref. 34276]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra atlantica (Norman 1929). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Circumglobal: southwestern Atlantic and southeastern Indian Ocean and southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

balushkini, Scopeloberyx malayanus Kotlyar [A. N.] 2004:731, Fig. 4 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 44 (no. 6); ref. 27961] Southwestern Pacific, 35°19'S, 128°42'E, depth 5010-4900 meters. Holotype: ZMMGU P-21135. Paratypes: ION 02487 (8), ZMMGU P-21136 (10). Plus non-type material. •Synonym of Scopeloberyx malayanus (Weber 1913), but a valid subspecies balushkini Kotlyar 2004 as described. Current status: Synonym of Scopeloberyx malayanus (Weber 1913). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

bannikovi, Scopeloberyx Kotlyar [A. N.] 2004:736, Fig. 6 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 44 (no. 6); ref. 27961] Western Atlantic, 14°52'N, 73°49'W, depth 1500-0 meters over 3800-4184 meters. Holotype: ZMMGU P-21138 (21.5 mm). Paratypes: ZMMGU P-21138 (1). •Valid as Scopeloberyx bannikovi Kotlyar 2004 -- (Kotlyar 2005:31 [ref. 28178]). Current status: Valid as Scopeloberyx bannikovi Kotlyar 2004. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

beanii, Melamphaes Günther [A.] 1887:29 [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] Western North Atlantic. Syntypes: USNM 33378 (1), 33509 (1), 34835 (1). Text unclear, but regarded as a replacement name for Plectromus crassiceps Bean 1885, secondarily preoccupied by Scopelus crassiceps Günther 1878 when both are placed in Melamphaes. •Valid as Scopelogadus beanii (Günther 1887) [sometimes as beani] -- (Ebeling & Weed 1963:24 [ref. 4616], Maul 1973:344 [ref. 7171], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:765 [ref. 13676], Ebeling 1986:431 [ref. 5651], Scott & Scott 1988:321 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:372 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:53 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:156 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:131 [ref. 14674] as beani, Maul 1990:618 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:276 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:70 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:77 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:978 [ref. 23897], Porteiro et al. 1999:41 [ref. 24203], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore et al. 2003:218 [ref. 27076], Paxton et al. 2006:749 [ref. 28995], Bray 2008:411 [ref. 30620], Møller et al. 2010:48 [ref. 31169] as beani, Stewart & Bray 2015:989 [ref. 34276], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Brown et al. 2019:162 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Scopelogadus beanii (Günther 1887). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Atlantic between 65°N and 40°S, Indian and Pacific oceans between 30°-47°S. Habitat: marine.

bispinosus, Melamphaes Gilbert [C. H.] 1915:325, Pl. 15 (fig. 5) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 48 (no. 2075); ref. 1632] Off Coronado Islands, near San Diego, California, U.S.A., Albatross station 4382, depth 642-666 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 75809. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22972 (1), 22983-84 (1, 1), 22989 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:64 [ref. 12291]. Genus originally as Melamphaës. •Synonym of Scopelogadus mizolepis (Günther 1878), but a valid subspecies -- (Ebeling & Weed 1963:19 [ref. 4616], Peden & Jamieson 1988:492 [ref. 12864], Pequeño 1989:53 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:131 [ref. 14674], Kotlyar 2004:7 [ref. 27590]). •Valid as Scopelogadus bispinosus (Gilbert 1915) -- (Fourriére et al. 2016:457 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Scopelogadus bispinosus (Gilbert 1915). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

capito, Poromitra Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1883:215 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 10 (no. 5); ref. 1838] Atlantic, 34°28'25"N, 75°22'50"W, Blake station 328, depth 1632 fathoms; and one from unknown locality. Syntypes: MCZ 26873 (1), USNM 119838 (1). •Valid as Poromitra capito Goode & Bean 1883 -- (Maul 1973:344 [ref. 7171], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:761 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:320 [ref. 25518], Paulin et al. 1989:156 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:131 [ref. 14674], Maul 1990:615 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:275 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:69 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:76 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:973 [ref. 23897], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore et al. 2003:218 [ref. 27076], Kotlyar 2004:4 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2009:710 [ref. 30627], Kotlyar 2010:244 [ref. 30796], Møller et al. 2010:48 [ref. 31169], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Mincarone et al. 2014:1548 [ref. 33546], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra capito Goode & Bean 1883. Melamphaidae. Distribution: North Atlantic and eastern Atlantic; southwestern Pacific [possibly not central South Pacific]. Habitat: marine.

cavernosus, Melamphaes Chapman [W. M.] 1939:533, Fig. 68 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 86 (no. 3062); ref. 817] Northeastern Pacific, Gulf of Alaska, 56°06'N, 152°09'W, 800-600 meters wire out. Holotype: USNM 108147. Paratypes: USNM 108157 (3). •Synonym of Melamphaes lugubris Gilbert 1890 -- (Ebeling 1962:37 [ref. 5896], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:319 [ref. 25968], Kotlyar 2004:3 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2011:559 [ref. 31578]). Current status: Synonym of Melamphaes lugubris Gilbert 1890. Melamphaidae. Habitat: marine.

cocles, Scopelogadus Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:143, Pl. 26 (figs. 6, 6a-e) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Banc d'Arguin, in 1090 to 1250 meters; off Cape Verde Islands [eastern Atlantic], depth 3655 meters. Syntypes: MNHN 1884-1075 (2), 1884-1076 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:10 [ref. 20740]. •Synonym of Scopelogadus mizolepis (Günther 1878) -- (Maul 1990:618 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 2004:7 [ref. 27590], Paxton et al. 2006:749 [ref. 28995]) Current status: Synonym of Scopelogadus mizolepis (Günther 1878). Melamphaidae. Habitat: marine.

contradictorius, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2015:515, Fig. 3 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 55 (no. 5); ref. 33995] Southwestern Pacific Ocean (boundary area of Fiji and Tasman Sea). Holotype: ZMMU P-23458. Paratypes: ZMMU. •Valid as Melamphaes contradictorius Kotlyar 2015 -- (Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes contradictorius Kotlyar 2015. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific Ocean. Habitat: marine.

coronatus, Plectromus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & von Bonde [C.] 1924:14 [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa v. 3 (no. 7) (1922); ref. 1649] Off Cape of Good Hope and St. Helena Bay, South Africa, Pickle stations 84 and 357, depth 500 and 900 fathoms. Syntypes: wereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Poromitra crassiceps (Günther 1878) -- (Ebeling 1986:429 [ref. 5651], Gon 1990:219 [ref. 21680], Kotlyar 2004:5 [ref. 27590]). •Valid as Poromitra coronata (Gilchrist & von Bonde 1924) -- (Kotlyar 2008:489 [ref. 29813], Kotlyar 2010:243 [ref. 30796], Fricke et al. 2018:109 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra coronata (Gilchrist & von Bonde 1924). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa to southwestern Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

crassa, Poromitra Parin [N. V.] & Ebeling [A. W.] 1980:89, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1980 (no. 1); ref. 5523] Bismarck Sea, off New Guinea, 5°20.9'S, 146°16'E, depth 0-1000 meters. Holotype: ZIN 44261. Paratypes: IOM (1); USNM 218754-55 (1, 1). •Valid as Poromitra crassa Parin & Ebeling 1980 -- (Kotlyar 1996:275 [ref. 23292], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Kotlyar 2004:5 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2009:720 [ref. 30627], Kotlyar 2010:244 [ref. 30796]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra crassa Parin & Ebeling 1980. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Western tropical Pacific (between 30°N to 5°S); reported from northeastern coast of New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

crassicauda, Melamphaes Koefoed [E.] 1953:17, Pl. 4 (fig. A) [Scientific Results of the Michael Sars North Atlantic Deep-Sea Expedition 1910 v. 4 (pt 2, no. 3); ref. 6486] North Atlantic, 34°59'N, 33°01'W, station 53, 300 meters wire out; 35°36'N, 8°25'W, station 25A, 3000 meters wire out. Syntypes: ZMUB 4345 (?), 4378 (?). Type catalog: Frøiland 1979:148 [ref. 21547]. •Synonym of Melamphaes typhlops (Lowe 1843) -- (Maul 1973:343 [ref. 7171], Maul 1990:615 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 2004:4 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2016:30 [ref. 34170]). Current status: Synonym of Melamphaes typhlops (Lowe 1843). Melamphaidae. Habitat: marine.

crassiceps, Plectromus Bean [T. H.] 1885:73 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 8 (no. 486); ref. 14440] Western North Atlantic, 41°40'30"N, 65°35'00"W, Albatross station 2094, depth 855 fathoms, 39°44'30"N, 71°04'00"W, Albatross station 2106, depth 1022 fathoms. Syntypes: USNM 33378 (1), 33509 (1), 34835 (1); not USNM 33553 (1). Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Scopelus crassiceps Günther 1878 when both are placed in same genus; replaced by Melamphaes beanii Günther 1887. •Objective synonym of Scopelogadus beanii (Günther 1887) -- (Ebeling & Weed 1963:15 [ref. 4616], Maul 1973:344 [ref. 7171], Paxton et al. 1989:372 [ref. 12442], Maul 1990:618 [ref. 17237] as crassipes, Kotlyar 2004:6 [ref. 27590], Paxton et al. 2006:749 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Scopelogadus beanii (Günther 1887). Melamphaidae. Habitat: marine.

crassiceps, Scopelus Günther [A.] 1878:185 [18] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Mid-Atlantic, Challenger station 107; off Pernambuco, Brazil, Challenger station 107 or 120; and Antarctic Ocean, depth 675-1500 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1887.12.7.6 (1), 1887.12.7.7 (1), 1887.12.7.8 (1). On p. 18 of separate. See also Günther 1887:28, Pl. 8 (fig. B) [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Poromitra crassiceps (Günther 1878) -- (Maul 1973:345 [ref. 7171], Amaoka in Amaoka et al. 1983:123, 201, 255, 327 [ref. 8379], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:761 [ref. 13676], Ebeling 1986:429 [ref. 5651], Scott & Scott 1988:320 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:372 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:131 [ref. 14674], Maul 1990:615 [ref. 17237], Gon 1990:219 [ref. 21680] with a holotype, Amaoka in Okamura et al. 1995:147 [ref. 22531], Kotlyar 1996:275 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:69 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:76 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:974 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:124 [ref. 24106], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Nakabo 2000:478 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Moore in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:25 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:318 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:478 [ref. 26001], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore et al. 2003:218 [ref. 27076], Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:69 [ref. 27192], Fedorov et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27579], Kotlyar 2004:5 [ref. 27590], Mundy 2005:298 [ref. 28379], Duhamel et al. 2005:286 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:748 [ref. 28995], Kotlyar 2008:481 [ref. 29813], Bray 2008:410 [ref. 30620], Kotlyar 2010:242 [ref. 30796], Møller et al. 2010:48 [ref. 31169], Mincarone et al. 2014:1548 [ref. 33546], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Robertson et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35676], Brown et al. 2019:162 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra crassiceps (Günther 1878). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Atlantic and Southern Ocean. Habitat: marine.

cristiceps, Melamphaes Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:60 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Off Washington, 47°22'N, 125°41'W, U.S.A., Albatross station 3075, depth 859 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 44288. Originally as Melamphaës cristiceps. Parin et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33547] excludes curilensis and rugosa and also crasssiceps.. •Synonym of Poromitra crassiceps (Günther 1878) -- (Maul 1973:345 [ref. 7171], Maul 1990:616 [ref. 17237], Gon 1990:219 [ref. 21680], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:318 [ref. 25968], Kotlyar 2004:5 [ref. 27590]). •Valid as Poromitra cristiceps (Gilbert 1890) -- (Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:110 [ref. 6441], Kotlyar 2009:421 [ref. 30275], Kotlyar 2010:243 [ref. 30796], Parin et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra cristiceps (Gilbert 1890). Melamphaidae. Distribution: North Pacific, including southern Bering Sea. Habitat: marine.

curilensis, Poromitra Kotlyar [A. N.] 2008:555, Fig. 3 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 48 (no. 8); ref. 29825] North Pacific, 53°29'N, 159°52'W, depth 6200 - 0 meters over bottom depth of 6240 meters. Holotype: ZMUU R-22001. Paratypes: ZUMM R-22002 (1), 22003 (1), 22004 (1); IORAS 02654 (1), 02655 (1), 02656 (1). •Valid as Poromitra curilensis Kotlyar 2008 -- (Kotlyar 2010:243 [ref. 30796], Parin et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra curilensis Kotlyar 2008. Melamphaidae. Distribution: North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

danae, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:102, Fig. 37 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] Sulawesi Sea, 4°03'N, 123°26'E, Dana station D3683, depth about 2500 meters (about 5000 meters wire out) over bottom depth of 4940 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P41119. Paratypes: SIO 56-127 (1), ZMUC P41120-140 (60). Plus additional material. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:59 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes danae Ebeling 1962 -- (Ebeling 1986:428 [ref. 5651], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Kotlyar 2004:2 [ref. 27590], Mundy 2005:296 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Kotlyar 2016:379, 389 [ref. 35038], Fricke et al. 2018:109 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes danae Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Tropical Indo-Pacific: Between 25°N and 25°S, southeastward to 110°W (including Hawaiian Islands). Habitat: marine.

decipiens, Poromitra Kotlyar [A. N.] 2008:553, Fig. 1 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 48 (no. 8); ref. 29825] East Indian Ocean, 14°30'S, 88°12'E, depth 1820-1880 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU R-22000. •Valid as Poromitra decipiens Kotlyar 2008 -- (Kotlyar 2010:243 [ref. 30796]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra decipiens Kotlyar 2008. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

ebelingi, Melamphaes Keene [M. J.] 1973:795, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1973 (no. 4); ref. 7570] North Atlantic, 31°45'N, 63°30 [?39]'W, depth 0-310 meters. Holotype: USNM 207408. Paratypes: ISH 2265 (1); CAS-SU 42318 (1); USNM 207409-10 (1, 1), 207416-23 (1 each); YPM 2832 (1). Type catalog: Krefft 1987:83 [ref. 20751]. •Valid as Melamphaes ebelingi Keene 1973 -- (Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Kotlyar 2004:2 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2012:247 [ref. 32009], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes ebelingi Keene 1973. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Atlantic, mostern northern part. Habitat: marine.

eulepis, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:70, Fig. 27 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] Off Ghana, 0°31'S, 11°02'W, Dana station D4000, depth about 200 meters (600 meters wire out) over bottom depth of 3760 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P41141. Paratypes: SIO 60-239 (1); ZMUC P412 (1), P41142-151 (10). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:59 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes eulepis Ebeling 1962 -- (Ebeling 1986:428 [ref. 5651], Maul 1990:612 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:969 [ref. 23897], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Kotlyar 2004:2 [ref. 27590], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Kotlyar 2014:640 [ref. 33889], Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Kotlyar 2016:387 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes eulepis Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Tropical Atlantic, Indian Ocean (southward of Kwa-Zulu-Natal), western and central Pacific (to 150°W). Habitat: marine.

eurous, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2016:28, Fig. 3 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 56 (no. 1); ref. 34170] Station 84, Baikal cruise three, 6°01′N, 100°00′W, trawling depth 0-155 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-23473. Paratypes: ZMMU. •Valid as Melamphaes eurous Kotlyar 2016 -- (Kotlyar 2016:389 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes eurous Kotlyar 2016. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Equatorial zone of the eastern part of the Pacific Ocean, depth 0-1300 meters. Habitat: marine.

eurylepis, Melamphaes Holt [E. W. L.] & Byrne [L. W.] 1906:19, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [Fisheries, Ireland, Scientific Investigations 1905, v. 2; ref. 15660] 50 miles west by north of Eagle Island, County Mayo, 54°57'N, 10°05'W, Ireland, depth 0-700 fathoms. Holotype: BMNH 1907.11.1.1. Paratypes: (2). •Synonym of Scopelogadus beanii (Günther 1887) -- (Ebeling & Weed 1963:24 [ref. 4616], Maul 1973:344 [ref. 7171], Kotlyar 2004:7 [ref. 27590]). Current status: Synonym of Scopelogadus beanii (Günther 1887). Melamphaidae. Habitat: marine.

falsidicus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2011:573, Fig. 3 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 51 (no. 8); ref. 31579] Northern slope of the Grand Bank, off Newfoundland, northwestern Atlantic, depth about 700 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-10537. Paratypes: ZMMU P-22664 (1), P-22665 (1). Non-type material: North Atlantic specimens of microps, non Günther 1878 may be variants of this species (p. 573). •Valid as Melamphaes falsidicus Kotlyar 2011 -- (Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes falsidicus Kotlyar 2011. Melamphaidae. Distribution: North Atlantic Ocean. Habitat: marine.

frontosus, Melamphaes Garman [S.] 1899:67 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Eastern Pacific, 23°16'N, 107°31'W, 852 fathoms, 23°59'N, 108°40'W, 995 fathoms, Albatross stations 3430 and 3431, depth 852-995 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28749-50 (1, 1). •Synonym of Poromitra crassiceps (Günther 1878) -- (Maul 1973:345 [ref. 7171], Maul 1990:616 [ref. 17237], Gon 1990:219 [ref. 21680], Kotlyar 2004:5 [ref. 27590]). •Valid as Poroitra frontosa (Garman 1899) -- (Kotlyar 2009:428 [ref. 30275], Kotlyar 2010:243 [ref. 30796]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra frontosa (Garman 1899). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico to Peru. Habitat: marine.

gibbsi, Poromitra Parin [N. V.] & Borodulina [O. D.] 1989:1028 [164], Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 29 (no. 6); ref. 20169] Eastern Pacific, 19°33'S, 81°36'W, depth 0-500 meters. Holotype: ZIN 48804. Paratypes: ZIN 48805-06 (1, 3); ZMMU P-17914-15 (1, 4). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:74 [ref. 25714]. On p. 164 of English translation. •Valid as Poromitra gibbsi Parin & Borodulina 1989 -- (Kotlyar 1996:275 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 2004:5 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2009:713 [ref. 30627], Kotlyar 2010:244 [ref. 30796], Stewart & Bray 2015:985 [ref. 34276]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra gibbsi Parin & Borodulina 1989. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Eastern South Pacific from equator to 35°S; South America to New Zealand and ? Atlantic Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

glochidiata, Poromitra Kotlyar [A. N.] 2008:560, Fig. 5 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 48 (no. 8); ref. 29825] Great Australian Bight, 34°04'S, 128°02'E, depth 1140-1250 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU R-22005. •Valid as Poromitra glochidiata Kotlyar 2008 -- (Kotlyar 2010:243 [ref. 30796]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra glochidiata Kotlyar 2008. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Great Australian Bight, southern Australia. Habitat: marine.

hubbsi, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:99, Fig. 36 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] Southeast of St. Helena, 19°16'S, 1°48'W, Dana station D3981, depth 100 meters (300 meters wire out) over bottom depth of 5070 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P41152. Paratypes: (5) ZMUC P41153-55 (3). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:59 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes hubbsi Ebeling 1962 -- (Maul 1990:612 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 2004:2 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2016:256 [ref. 34507], Kotlyar 2016:389 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes hubbsi Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Central tropical South Atlantic (near St. Helena Island). Habitat: marine.

inconspicuus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2015:264, Fig. 3 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 55 (no. 3); ref. 33882] North Atlantic, 31°24'N, 21°24'W, depth 175-196 meters over bottom depth of ca. 5000 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P.23453. Paratypes: ZMMU P.23453 (1), P.23454 (3). •Valid as Melamphaes inconspicuus Kotlyar 2015 -- (Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes inconspicuus Kotlyar 2015. Melamphaidae. Distribution: North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:85, Fig. 32 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] Sulawesi Sea [ca. 47 kilometers northwest of Manado, Sulawesi Utara, Indonesia, western Pacific], 1°42'N, 124°29'E, Dana station D3682, depth about 350 meters (1000 meters wire out) over bottom depth of 3660 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P41156. Paratypes: (3) ZMUC P41157-58, plus additional material. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:59 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes indicus Ebeling 1962 -- (Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 2004:2 [ref. 27590], Mundy 2005:296 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Kotlyar 2016:24 [ref. 34170], Kotlyar 2016:389 [ref. 35038], Fricke et al. 2018:109 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes indicus Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Madagascar east to Hawaiian Islands and Central America. Habitat: marine.

indooceanica, Poromitra Kotlyar [A. N.] 2008:556, Fig. 4 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 48 (no. 8); ref. 29825] Subtropical Indian Ocean, 23°35'S, 100°20'E, depth 1624 meters. Holotype: ZMUM R-20668. Paratypes: ZMMU R-20668 (2); IORAS 02657 (1), 02658 (1), 02659 (1) •Valid as Poromitra indooceanica Kotlyar 2008 -- (Kotlyar 2010:243 [ref. 30796], Fricke et al. 2018:110 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra indooceanica Kotlyar 2008. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

janae, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:81, Fig. 30 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] Eastern tropical Pacific, off Colombia, 4°04'N, 78°43'W, depth 1335 meters over bottom depth of 3810 meters. Holotype: SIO 55-244. Paratypes: SIO 52-355 (1), 55-221 (1), 55-244 (21), 55-246 (1), 55-249 (4); YPM 3745 (1); ZMUC P41159-167 (9); plus additional material. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:59 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes janae Ebeling 1962 -- (Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Kotlyar 2004:2 [ref. 27590], Mundy 2005:297 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Kotlyar 2015:637 [ref. 34100], Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Kotlyar 2016:252 [ref. 34507], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes janae Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa east to Hawaiian Islands, Gulf of Panama to Peru. Habitat: marine.

jucunda, Poromitra Kotlyar [A. N.] 2010:239, Fig. 4 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 50 (no. 3); ref. 30796] Southeastern Pacific, 8°53'E, 80°36'W, depth 1000 to 0 meters. Holotype: ZMMU R-22191. Paratypes: IORAS 02754 (1), 02755 (2); ZMMU R-22192 (4), 22193 (10). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Poromitra jucunda Kotlyar 2010 -- (Kotlyar 2012:409 [ref. 32474]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra jucunda Kotlyar 2010. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Eastern and central Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kobylyanskyi, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2015:265, Fig. 4 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 55 (no. 3); ref. 33882] Walvis Ridge, southeastern Atlantic, 29°28'S, 0°11'E, trawling depth 2000-0 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU P-23455. •Valid as Melamphaes kobylyanskyi Kotlyar 2015 -- (Kotlyar 2015:517 [ref. 33995], Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes kobylyanskyi Kotlyar 2015. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Walvis Ridge, southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

kukuevi, Poromitra Kotlyar [A. N.] 2008:562, Fig. 6 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 48 (no. 8); ref. 29825] Western tropical Atlantic, 10°29'S, 27°03'W, depth 480-810 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU R-22006 (previously dry). •Valid as Poromitra kukuevi Kotlyar 2008 -- (Kotlyar 2010:243 [ref. 30796], Mincarone et al. 2014:1563 [ref. 33546] ). Current status: Valid as Poromitra kukuevi Kotlyar 2008. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Tropical Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

laeviceps, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:63, Fig. 25 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] North of the Galápagos Islands, 1°01.5'N, 91°45.7'W, depth 939-1109 meters over botttom at 2288 meters. Holotype: SIO 52-409 [spec. 1]. Paratypes: SIO 52-338 (2), 52-363 (1), 52-409 [spec. 2] (1); CAS-SU 46355 (1); ZMUC P41168-71 (4). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:59 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes laeviceps Ebeling 1962 -- (Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 1999:452 [ref. 24875], Kotlyar 2004:2 [ref. 27590], Mundy 2005:297 [ref. 28379], Kotlyar 2014:633 [ref. 33889], Kotlyar 2016:252 [ref. 34507], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes laeviceps Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Tropical central and eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

lentiginosus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2015:646, Fig. 3 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 55 (no. 6); ref. 34100] Walvis Ridge, 25°42'S, 2°21'W, 250-0 meters over 1600 meters bottom depth. Holotype: ZMMU P-23466. Paratypes: ZMMU. •Valid as Melamphaes lentiginosus Kotlyar 2015 -- (Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Kotlyar 2016:252 [ref. 34507], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes lentiginosus Kotlyar 2015. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Southeastern part of Atlantic Ocean: mid-Atlantic Ridge, Walvis Ridge. Habitat: marine.

leprus, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:60, Fig. 24 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] North of Ascension Island, 3°45'S, 10°00'W, Dana station D3999, depth about 350 meters (1000 meters wire out) over bottom depth of 3719 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P41172. Paratypes: (9) ZMUC P41173-75 (3), plus additional material. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:59 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes leprus Ebeling 1962 -- (Maul 1990:612 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 2004:2 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2011:578 [ref. 31579], Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes leprus Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Tropical Atlantic off West Africa from 11°N to 4°S and Gulf of Guinea. Habitat: marine.

longivelis, Melamphaes microps Parr [A. E.] 1933:16, Fig. 6 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 6); ref. 3373] Off Acklins Island, Bahama, western Atlantic, 22°31'N, 74°26'W, Pawnee station 41,10000 feet wire out. Holotype: YPM 2833. Paratypes: YPM 2834 (1). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:15-16 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Melamphaes longivelis Parr 1933 -- (Ebeling 1962:73 [ref. 5896], Maul 1973:343 [ref. 7171], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:111 [ref. 6441], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:757 [ref. 13676], Ebeling 1986:428 [ref. 5651], Paxton et al. 1989:371 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Maul 1990:613 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:126 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:75 [ref. 24952], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Nakabo 2000:480 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Moore in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:480 [ref. 26001], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore et al. 2003:217 [ref. 27076], Kotlyar 2004:3 [ref. 27590], Paxton et al. 2006:748 [ref. 28995], Bray 2008:410 [ref. 30620], Kotlyar 2015:260 [ref. 33882], Kotlyar 2015:518 [ref. 33995], Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes longivelis Parr 1933. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through warm temperate seas, including Hawaiian islands, but except eastern Pacific. But now only the Atlantic Ocean [ref. 33882]. Habitat: marine.

lugubris, Melamphaes Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:59 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] California coast south of Point Conception, 32°40'30"N, 117°31'30"W, U.S.A., Albatross station 2923, depth 822 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 44287 (poor condition). Non-types: MCZ 28754-55 (2). Originally as Melamphaës lugubris. •Valid as Melamphaes lugubris Gilbert 1890 -- (Ebeling 1962:36 [ref. 5896], Amaoka in Amaoka et al. 1983:253, 326 [ref. 8379], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:111 [ref. 6441], Peden et al. 1985:11 [ref. 24081], Matarese et al. 1989:254 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:130 [ref. 14674], Shinohara et al. 1994:77 [ref. 22800], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Nakabo 2000:480 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:24 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:319 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:480 [ref. 26001], Fedorov et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27579], Kotlyar 2004:3 [ref. 27590], Mundy 2005:297 [ref. 28379], Kotlyar 2011:558 [ref. 31578], Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009], Parin et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes lugubris Gilbert 1890. Melamphaidae. Distribution: North Pacific, including Okhotsk Sea, Bering Sea, Gulf of Alaska, Hawaiian Ridge. Habitat: marine.

macrocephalus, Melamphaes Parr [A. E.] 1931:41, Fig. 16 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 2 (art. 4); ref. 3371] Pacific coast off Mexico, 16°14'00"N, 99°36'30"W, 3750 feet wire out over bottom depth of 1800 fathoms. Holotype: YPM 2697. Paratypes: YPM 2698 (now 14), 2699 (now 3), 8040 [ex 2698] (4), 8041 [ex 2699] (2); USNM 92125 (1). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:15 [ref. 16741]; YPM 8040 and 8041 are also paratypes of M. spinifer. •Valid as Melamphaes macrocephalus Parr 1931 -- (Ebeling 1962:48 [ref. 5896], Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 2011:576 [ref. 31579], Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes macrocephalus Parr 1931. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Tropical eastern Pacific: California (U.S.A.) (ca 30°N) to Chile (ca. 23°S), west to 120° to 130°. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmus, Plectromus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1903:205, Pl. 13 (fig. 2) [Marine Investigations in South Africa v. 2; ref. 1645] Cape Point Lighthouse, bearing S.83°E. distance of 35.5 miles, South Africa, depth 360 fathoms. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Poromitra megalops (Lütken 1878) -- (Ebeling 1986:429 [ref. 5651], Kotlyar 2004:5 [ref. 27590]). •Valid as Poromitra macrophthalma (Gilchrist 1903) -- (Kotlyar 2010:237 [ref. 30796], Kotlyar 2012:409 [ref. 32474], Fricke et al. 2014:40 [ref. 33932], Stewart & Bray 2015:986 [ref. 34276]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra macrophthalma (Gilchrist 1903). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa east to eastern Central Pacific. Habitat: marine.

malayanus, Melamphaes Weber [M.] 1913:187 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Manipa Strait, 3°20'S, 127°22.9'E, Siboga station 185, depth 1500-1536 m; Banda Sea, 3°32.5'S, 124°15.5'E, station 203, depth 1500-1536 meters. Syntypes: (3) ZMA 112432-33 (1, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:78 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Scopeloberyx robustus (Günther 1887) -- (Kotlyar 2004:6 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2004:581 [ref. 27867]). •Valid as Scopeloberyx malayanus (Weber 1913) -- (Kotlyar 2004:725 [ref. 27961] with subspecies, Kotlyar 2005:31 [ref. 28178]). •Valid as Scopeloberyx malayanus subspecies malayanus (Wener 1913) -- (Mundy 2005:299 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Scopeloberyx malayanus (Weber 1913). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Subspecies malayanus in the Indo-Pacific; subspecies balushkini in the southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

manifestus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2011:566, Fig. 5 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 51 (no. 8); ref. 31578] Off West Africa, 4°40'N, 12°00'W, depth 780 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-22661 (84.0 mm SL). Paratypes: ZMMU P-22661 (5). •Valid as Melamphaes manifestus Kotlyar 2011 -- (Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes manifestus Kotlyar 2011. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Off tropical West Africa (types). Habitat: marine.

maxillaris, Melamphaes Garman [S.] 1899:66, Pl. D (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Eastern Pacific, 1°07'N, 80°21'W, Albatross station 3398, depth 1573 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28751 (poor condition). •Synonym of Scopeloberyx robustus (Günther 1887) -- (Kotlyar 2004:6 [ref. 27590]). •Valid as Scopeloberyx maxillaris (Garman 1899) -- (Kotlyar 2004:590 [ref. 27867], Kotlyar 2005:31 [ref. 28178]). Current status: Valid as Scopeloberyx maxillaris (Garman 1899). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

megalops, Melamphaes Lütken [C. F.] 1878:176 [2], Pl. 5 (figs. 1-3) [Oversigt over det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Forhandlinger og dets Medlemmers Arbeider (Kjøbenhavn) 1877; ref. 17567] South of Azores, northeastern Atlantic (stomach content). Holotype (unique): ZMUC 84. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:60 [ref. 9588]. On p. 2 of separate. •Valid as Poromitra megalops (Lütken 1878) -- (Maul 1973:345 [ref. 7171], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:110 [ref. 6441], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:762 [ref. 13676], Ebeling 1986:429 [ref. 5651], Scott & Scott 1988:320 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:131 [ref. 14674], Maul 1990:616 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:275 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:69 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:77 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:975 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:124 [ref. 24106], Porteiro et al. 1999:41 [ref. 24203], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Nakabo 2000:478 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:478 [ref. 26001], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore et al. 2003:218 [ref. 27076], Kotlyar 2004:5 [ref. 27590], Mundy 2005:299 [ref. 28379], Bray 2008:410 [ref. 30620], Kotlyar 2010:231 [ref. 30796] with change in range, Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Kotlyar 2012:409 [ref. 32474], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra megalops (Lütken 1878). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Atlantic Ocean (Kotlyar 2010), possibly southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

microlepis, Melamphaes Norman [J. R.] 1937:87 [B. A. N. Z. Antarctic research expedition 1929-1931 v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 15294] Off Tasmania, Australia, 44°11'S, 143°46'E, depth 1717-0 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1937.9.21.200. •Valid as Scopeloberyx microlepis (Norman 1937) -- (Ebeling 1986:430 [ref. 5651], Paxton et al. 1989:372 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Kotlyar 1996:276 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 2004:6 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2004:581 [ref. 27867], Kotlyar 2005:27 [ref. 28178], Paxton et al. 2006:748 [ref. 28995], Bray 2008:410 [ref. 30620], Stewart & Bray 2015:988 [ref. 34276]). Current status: Valid as Scopeloberyx microlepis (Norman 1937). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

microps, Scopelus Günther [A.] 1878:186 [19] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Between Cape of Good Hope and Kerguelen Island, 46°46'S, 45°31'E, Challenger station 146, depth 1375 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.5. On p. 19 of separate. See also Günther 1887:26 [ref. 2013]. See Kotlyar 2011:566 [ref. 31578] for discussion of separate species represented in this complex., •Valid as Melamphaes microps (Günther 1878) -- (Ebeling 1962:32 [ref. 5896], Maul 1973:343 [ref. 7171], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:758 [ref. 13676], Ebeling 1986:428 [ref. 5651], Scott & Scott 1988:319 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:157 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:130 [ref. 14674], Gon 1990:218 [ref. 21680], Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:126 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:76 [ref. 24952], Trunov 1999:465 [ref. 24579], Moore et al. 2003:217 [ref. 27076], Kotlyar 2004:3 [ref. 27590], Duhamel et al. 2005:284 [ref. 32059], Møller et al. 2010:48 [ref. 31169], Kotlyar 2011:564 [ref. 31578], Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009], Stewart & Bray 2015:980 [ref. 34276], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes microps (Günther 1878). Melamphaidae. Distribution: North Atlantic between 30°N and 64°N; South Atlantic between 27°S and 46°S (off southwest tip of Africa); southern Indian Ocean, western South Pacific off New Zealand, southeastern Pacific [but possibly only the southern Indian Ocean and the southeastern Atlantic on ref. 31578]. Habitat: marine.

mizolepis, Scopelus Günther [A.] 1878:185 [18] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] South of New Guinea off Aru Island; Molucca Islands, Indonesia, Arafura Sea, western Pacific, 5°41'S, 134°04'30"E, Challenger station 191, depth 800 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.9. On p. 18 of separate. See also Günther 1887:28 [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Scopelogadus mizolepis (Günther 1878) -- (Ebeling & Weed 1963:15 [ref. 4616], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1982:201, 363 [ref. 8256], Uyeno & Sato in Uyeno et al. 1983:278 [ref. 14275], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:110 [ref. 6441], Ebeling 1986:431 [ref. 5651], Peden & Jamieson 1988:492 [ref. 12864], Paxton et al. 1989:372 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:53 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:156 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:131 [ref. 14674], Maul 1990:618 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:276 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:70 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:77 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:979 [ref. 23897], Porteiro et al. 1999:14 [ref. 24203], Paxton & Moore in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Mundy 2005:300 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:749 [ref. 28995], Stewart & Bray 2015:990 [ref. 34276], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570]). •Valid as Scopelus mizolepis (Günther 1878), subspecies mizolepis (Günther 1878) -- (Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Nakabo 2000:477 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:477 [ref. 26001], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore et al. 2003:218 [ref. 27076], Kotlyar 2004:7 [ref. 27590], Bray 2008:411 [ref. 30620], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Mincarone et al. 2014:1554 [ref. 33546], Brown et al. 2019:162 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Scopelogadus mizolepis (Günther 1878). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical seas, but not eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nigrescens, Melamphaes Brauer [A.] 1906:283, Pl. 13 (fig. 4) [Die Tiefsee-Fische v. 15; ref. 632] Gulf of Guinea; off southwestern Africa; northeastern New Amsterdam; northern Cocos Islands, Bengal Bay; Chagos, between Seychelles to Zanzibar (Tanzania). Syntypes: (25, 2 damaged) SMF 2080 (1); ZMB 17666 (3), 17668 (2), 22390 (1); ZMH 8236 (1). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:416 [ref. 21161]. If recognized as valid from the Atlantic only, then a lectotype is needed. •Valid as Scopeloberyx nigrescens (Brauer 1906) -- (Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570]). •Synonym of Scopeloberyx robustus (Günther 1887) -- (Maul 1973:346 [ref. 7171] with question, Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:763 [ref. 13676], Maul 1990:617 [ref. 17237], Santos et al. 1997:70 [ref. 23531], Kotlyar 2004:6 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2004:582 [ref. 27867]). Current status: Synonym of Scopeloberyx robustus (Günther 1887). Melamphaidae. Habitat: marine.

nigriceps, Poromitrella Zugmayer [E.] 1911:7 [Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique (Monaco) No. 193; ref. 6161] Off Azores, northeastern Atlantic, 37°04'N, 28°39'W, Princesse Alice station 2244, depth 0-3000 meters. Syntypes: (2) MOM 0091-0728 (1). Type catalog: Belloc 1949:12 [ref. 21544]. Species illustrated and described in more detail in Zugmayer 1911:100, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [ref. 4846]. •Synonym of Poromitra crassiceps (Günther 1878) -- (Maul 1973:345 [ref. 7171], Gon 1990:219 [ref. 21680], Kotlyar 2004:5 [ref. 27590]). •Valid as Poromitra nigriceps (Zugmayer 1911) -- (Kotlyar 2009:430 [ref. 30275], Kotlyar 2010:243 [ref. 30796]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra nigriceps (Zugmayer 1911). Melamphaidae. Distribution: North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

nigrofulvus, Melamphaes Garman [S.] 1899:64, Pls. D (fig. 2), 72 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Southern Gulf of Panama, 6°21'N, 80°41'W, Albatross station 3382, depth 1793 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28753. •Synonym of Poromitra crassiceps (Günther 1878) -- (Maul 1973:345 [ref. 7171] as nigrifulvus, Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:761 [ref. 13676], Maul 1990:616 [ref. 17237] as nigrifulvus, Gon 1990:219 [ref. 21680], Kotlyar 2004:5 [ref. 27590]). •Valid as Poromitra nigrofulva (Garman 1899) -- (Kotlyar 2009:426 [ref. 30275], Kotlyar 2010:243 [ref. 30796]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra nigrofulva (Garman 1899). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Tropical eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nikolayi, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2012:251, Fig. 4 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 52 (no. 4); ref. 32009] Subtropical Northwestern Pacific, 29°20'N, 142°41'E, trawling depth 1000 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU 22672. •Valid as Melamphaes nikolayi Kotlyar 2012. Current status: Valid as Melamphaes nikolayi Kotlyar 2012. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Subtropical Northwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nordenskjoldii, Melamphaes (Plectromus) Lönnberg [E.] 1905:765 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 28 (no. 23); ref. 15369] Northeast of Falkland Islands, 49°56'S, 49°56'W, open net at depths to 2700 meters. Holotype (unique): NRM 11099 [SYD/1902381.4106]. Originally as nordenskjöldii for Otto Nordenskjöld. Also appeared in Lönnberg 1905:58 [ref. 2839] as Melamphaës (Plectromus) nordenskjöldii with different locality. The record of this species from the North Pacific (Moss 1962 [ref. 3047]) is in error according to Kotlyar 2004:7 [ref. 27590]. •Valid as Melamphaes nordenskjoldii Lönnberg 1905 -- (Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125] as mordenskjoeldii). •Valid as Sio nordenskjoldii (Lönnberg 1905) -- (Ebeling 1986:431 [ref. 5651], Paxton et al. 1989:372 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:156 [ref. 24556], Gon 1990:220 [ref. 21680] as nordenskjöldii, Kotlyar 1996:27 [ref. 23292] as nordenskjoldii, Trunov 1999:465 [ref. 24579], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Kotlyar 2002:32 [ref. 25959], Kotlyar 2004:7 [ref. 27590], Mundy 2005:300 [ref. 28379], Duhamel et al. 2005:288 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:749 [ref. 28995], Bray 2008:412 [ref. 30620], Mincarone et al. 2014:1548 [ref. 33546], Stewart & Bray 2015:991 [ref. 34276], Nión et al. 2016:43 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Sio nordenskjoldii (Lönnberg 1905). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

nycterinus, Melamphaes Gilbert [C. H.] 1915:326, Pl. 16 (fig. 6) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 48 (no. 2075); ref. 1632] Off Santa Catalina Island, southern California, U.S.A., 32°54'20"N, 121°11'15"W, Albatross station 4393, depth 2113-2259 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 75810. •Synonym of Scopeloberyx robustus (Günther 1887) -- (Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:763 [ref. 13676], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:320 [ref. 25968], Kotlyar 2004:6 [ref. 27590]). •Synonym of Scopeloberyx maxillaris (Garman 1899) -- (Kotlyar 2004:590 [ref. 27867]). Current status: Synonym of Scopeloberyx robustus (Günther 1887). Melamphaidae. Habitat: marine.

occlusus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2012:249, Fig. 3 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 52 (no. 4); ref. 32009] Madagascar Ridge, 33°06'S, 45°28'E, southwestern Indian Ocean, bottom trawling depth 1500-1610 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU P-22671. One additional record questionably included. •Valid as Melamphaes occlusus Kotlyar 2012. Current status: Valid as Melamphaes occlusus Kotlyar 2012. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Subtropical southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

opercularis, Scopeloberyx Zugmayer [E.] 1911:8 [Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique (Monaco) No. 193; ref. 6161] Off Portugal, 36°07'N, 10°18'W, Princesse Alice station 3036, depth 0-4740 meters. Holotype (unique): MOM 0091-1179. Type catalog: Belloc 1949:12 [ref. 21544]. Species illustrated and described in more detail in Zugmayer 1911:103, Pl. 5 (fig. 6) [ref. 4846]. •Valid as Scopeloberyx opercularis Zugmayer 1911 -- (Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570]). •Synonym of Scopeloberyx robustus (Günther 1887) -- (Maul 1973:346 [ref. 7171] with question, Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:763 [ref. 13676], Maul 1990:617 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 2004:6 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2004:582 [ref. 27867], Mincarone et al. 2014:1554 [ref. 33546]). Current status: Synonym of Scopeloberyx robustus (Günther 1887). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Tropical Atlantic [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

opisthopterus, Melamphaes Parr [A. E.] 1933:18, Fig. 7 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 6); ref. 3373] Off Cat Island, Bahamas, western Atlantic, 24°29'N, 75°53'W, 7000 feet wire out. Holotype: YPM 2816. Paratypes: BMNH 1937.6.1.1-3 (3); YPM 2814-15 (3, 1), 2817-24 (5, 1, 3, 1, 5, 2, 2, 35). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:16 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Scopeloberyx opisthopterus (Parr 1933) -- (Maul 1973:346 [ref. 7171], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:111 [ref. 6441], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:763 [ref. 13676], Ebeling 1986:430 [ref. 5651], Scott & Scott 1988:321 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:131 [ref. 14674], Maul 1990:617 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:276 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:70 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:77 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:976 [ref. 23897], Porteiro et al. 1999:41 [ref. 24203], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Nakabo 2000:479 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Moore in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:479 [ref. 26001], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore et al. 2003:218 [ref. 27076], Kotlyar 2004:6 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2004:581 [ref. 27867], Kotlyar 2005:21 [ref. 28178], Mundy 2005:299 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570]). Current status: Valid as Scopeloberyx opisthopterus (Parr 1933). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas (including Hawaiian Islands). Habitat: marine.

oscitans, Poromitra Ebeling [A. W.] 1975:308, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1975 (no. 2); ref. 7105] Eastern Banda Sea, Indonesia, western Pacific, 5°28'S, 130°39'E, Dana station 3677(1), 0-5000 meters wire out. Holotype: ZMUC P41270 [? P41120]. Paratypes: IOM (1 lot), SIO (22 lots), USNM 168193 (1), ZMUC (14 lots). •Valid as Poromitra oscitans Ebeling 1975 -- (Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:110 [ref. 6441], Ebeling 1986:430 [ref. 5651], Paulin et al. 1989:156 [ref. 24556], Kotlyar 1996:275 [ref. 23292], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Nakabo 2000:478 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Moore in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:477 [ref. 26001], Kotlyar 2004:5 [ref. 27590], Mundy 2005:299 [ref. 28379], Kotlyar 2009:567 [ref. 30590], Kotlyar 2010:243 [ref. 30796], Stewart & Bray 2015:987 [ref. 34276], Fourriére et al. 2016:457 [ref. 34668]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra oscitans Ebeling 1975. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Tropical waters of the Indian and Pacific: East Africa east to Hawaiian Islands, Baja California (Mexico) to Peru, north to Ogasawara Islands, waif at New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

pachystomus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2011:575, Fig. 4 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 51 (no. 8); ref. 31579] Southeastern Pacific Ocean, 7°51'S, 80°57'W, depth 900-1000 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-22666 (62.0 mm SL). Paratypes: ZMMU P-22666 (2). Non-types: Parin et al. 1990 specimen doubtfully included. •Valid as Melamphaes pachystomus Kotlyar 2011 -- (Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes pachystomus Kotlyar 2011. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific Ocean. Habitat: marine.

papavereus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2016:251, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 56 (no. 3); ref. 34507] Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean, 12°59'N, 82°25'E, depth 1000-0 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU P-23866. •Valid as Melamphaes papavereus Kotlyar 2016 -- (Kotlyar 2016:389 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes papavereus Kotlyar 2016. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

parini, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 1999:456 [428], Fig. 4b [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 39 (no. 4); ref. 24875] Okhotsk Sea, 48°59'N, 152°00'E, depth 1000-50 meters. Holotype (unique): ZIN 47771. On p. 428 of English translation. •Valid as Melamphaes parini Kotlyar 1999 -- (Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:25 [ref. 25650], Kotlyar 2004:3 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2012:142 [ref. 31963], Kotlyar 2012:254 [ref. 32009], Parin et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes parini Kotlyar 1999. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Temperate North Pacific: Sea of Okhotsk and northeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

parvus, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:77, Fig. 29 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] Off Mexico, southeast of Guadalupe Island, 28°37'N, 118°13'W, depth 0-860 meters over bottom depth of more than 1830 meters. Holotype: SIO 57-216. Paratypes: SIO 51-354, -377 (2, 1), 53-305A (1), 54-100, -102 (3, 1); UW 14519 (1), 14521 (1), 14523-25 (1, 2, 1), 14532 (1), 14534-35 (1, 3), 14537-38 (2, 1), 14541 (3), 14543 (1), 14545-46 (3, 3), 14548 (1). •Valid as Melamphaes parvus Ebeling 1962 -- (Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 2004:3 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2015:636 [ref. 34100], Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Kotlyar 2016:252 [ref. 34507], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes parvus Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific between 35°N and 42°N, westward to about 145°W. Habitat: marine.

pequenoi, Scopeloberyx Kotlyar [A. N.] 2004:735, Fig. 5 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 44 (no. 6); ref. 27961] Eastern Pacific, 21°43'S, 81°04'W, depth 900-920 meters over 1270-1200 meters. Holotype: ION 02224. Paratypes: ION 02229 (1), 02230 (1), 02496 (2); ZMMUG P-21137 (1). •Valid as Scopeloberyx pequenoi Kotlyar 2004 -- (Kotlyar 2005:31 [ref. 28178]). Current status: Valid as Scopeloberyx pequenoi Kotlyar 2004. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

polylepis, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:43, Fig. 20 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] South of Sri Lanka, 5°21'N, 80°38'E, Dana station D3909, depth about 2250 meters (4500 meters wire out) over bottom depth of 4120 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P41178. Paratypes: ZMA 100442 (1), ZMUC P41179-81 (3). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:60 [ref. 9588], Nijssen et al. 1982:78 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Melamphaes polylepis Ebeling 1962 -- (Amaoka in Amaoka et al. 1983:253, 326 [ref. 8379], Uyeno & Sato in Uyeno et al. 1983:277 [ref. 14275], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:111 [ref. 6441], Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:157 [ref. 24556], Maul 1990:613 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], Shinohara et al. 1996:173 [ref. 26605], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Nakabo 2000:480 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Moore in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:480 [ref. 26001], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Kotlyar 2004:3 [ref. 27590], Mundy 2005:298 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Kotlyar 2011:560 [ref. 31578], Kotlyar 2011:569 [ref. 31579], Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009], Mincarone et al. 2014:1548 [ref. 33546], Stewart & Bray 2015:981 [ref. 34276], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes polylepis Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas; Atlantic between the equator and 20°N, the Indian Ocean between 15°N and S. Pacific between 34°N and 31°S eastward to about 109°W (including Hawaiian Islands). Habitat: marine.

proximus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2015:509, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 55 (no. 5); ref. 33995] Indian Ocean and western Pacific, 30°50'S, 93°08'E, depth 1162 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-17331. Paratypes: IORAS, ZMMU. •Valid as Melamphaes proximus Kotlyar 2015 -- (Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes proximus Kotlyar 2015. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean and western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pumilus, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:106, Fig. 40 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] Off Bermuda, 32°12'N, 64°36'W, depth 1829 meters over bottom depth of 2380 meters. Holotype: CAS-SU 42838 [ex NYZS 12988]. Paratypes: BMNH 1931.12.18.2 (1); FMNH 49666-67 (1, 2), 49722-23 (12, 4), 49725 (11), 49728 (1); CAS-SU (now 14, 12 lots); YPM 2830 (14), 2831 (1); ZMUC P41182-203 (74); plus additional material. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:60 [ref. 9588], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:55 [ref. 12367], Moore & Boardman 1991:16 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Melamphaes pumilus Ebeling 1962 -- (Maul 1990:613 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:970 [ref. 23897], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore et al. 2003:217 [ref. 27076], Kotlyar 2004:4 [ref. 27590], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Kotlyar 2016:385, 389 [ref. 35038] as pumilis). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes pumilus Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Western North Atlantic between 10°N to 40°N and 25°W to 30°W. Habitat: marine.

robustus, Melamphaes Günther [A.] 1887:29 [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] Mid-Atlantic, southwest of Sierra Leone, Challenger station 106, depth 1850 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.10. •Valid as Scopeloberyx robustus (Günther 1887) -- (Maul 1973:346 [ref. 7171], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:110 [ref. 6441], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:763 [ref. 13676], Ebeling 1986:430 [ref. 5651], Pequeño 1989:53 [ref. 14125], Maul 1990:617 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:276 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:70 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:77 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:977 [ref. 23897], Parin & Kotlyar 1998:558 [ref. 24683], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Nakabo 2000:479 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Moore in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:25 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:320 [ref. 25968], Shinohara et al. 2001:310 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:479 [ref. 26001], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore et al. 2003:218 [ref. 27076], Kotlyar 2004:6 [ref. 27590], Savinykh & Tuponogov 2004:138 [ref. 27628], Kotlyar 2004:582 [ref. 27867], Kotlyar 2005:31 [ref. 28178], Shinohara et al. 2005:421 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:300 [ref. 28379], Møller et al. 2010:48 [ref. 31169], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Mincarone et al. 2014:1553 [ref. 33546], Afonso et al. 2016:39, 274 [ref. 36199], Fourriére et al. 2016:457 [ref. 34668], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570]). Current status: Valid as Scopeloberyx robustus (Günther 1887). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through cold temperate seas. Habitat: marine.

rossicus, Scopeloberyx Kotlyar [A. N.] 2004:591, Fig. 5 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 44 (no. 5); ref. 27867] North Pacific, 44°27'N, 140°06'E, depth 3940-1870 meters. Holotype: ZMMGU P-21131. Paratypes: ION 02435-36 (1, 3); ZIN 49085 (1), 49452-53 (1, 1); ZMMGU P-21132-33 (1, 1). Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Scopeloberyx rossicus Kotlyar 2004 -- (Kotlyar 2005:31 [ref. 28178], Parin et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Scopeloberyx rossicus Kotlyar 2004. Melamphaidae. Distribution: North Pacific eastward to Aleutian Islands. Habitat: marine.

rubriventer, Melamphaes Koefoed [E.] 1953:27, Pl. 4 (fig. C) [Scientific Results of the Michael Sars North Atlantic Deep-Sea Expedition 1910 v. 4 (pt 2, no. 3); ref. 6486] Eastern North Atlantic, 36°53'N, 29°47'W, depth 3000 meters. Syntypes: UBNM 4333 (5). •Synonym of Scopeloberyx robustus (Günther 1887) -- (Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:764 [ref. 13676], Kotlyar 1996:276 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:127 [ref. 23531], Moore et al. 2003:218 [ref. 27076]). •Valid as Scopeloberyx rubriventer (Koefoed 1953) -- (Maul 1973:346 [ref. 7171], Arruda 1997:77 [ref. 24952], Kotlyar 2004:6 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2004:597 [ref. 27867], Kotlyar 2005:31 [ref. 28178], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570]). Current status: Valid as Scopeloberyx rubriventer (Koefoed 1953). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Eastern North Atlantic: near the Azores. Habitat: marine.

rugosus, Melamphaes Chapman [W. M.] 1939:535, Fig. 69 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 86 (no. 3062); ref. 817] Eastern North Pacific, 55°32'N, 136°25'W. Holotype (unique): USNM 108141. •Synonym of Poromitra crassiceps (Günther 1878) -- (Maul 1973:345 [ref. 7171], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:761 [ref. 13676], Maul 1990:616 [ref. 17237], Gon 1990:219 [ref. 21680], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:319 [ref. 25968], Kotlyar 2004:5 [ref. 27590]). •Valid as Poromitra rugosa (Chapman 1939) -- (Kotlyar 2008:490 [ref. 29813], Kotlyar 2010:243 [ref. 30796]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra rugosa (Chapman 1939). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

shcherbachevi, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2015:648, Fig. 4 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 55 (no. 6); ref. 34100] Mozambique Channel, 23°21'S, 43°22'E, 1200-0 meters depth. Holotype (unique): ZMMU P-23700. Type catalog: Fricke et al. 2018:109 [ref. 35805]. •Valid as Melamphaes shcherbachevi Kotlyar 2015 -- (Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Kotlyar 2016:252 [ref. 34507], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038], Fricke et al. 2018:109 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes shcherbachevi Kotlyar 2015. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

simus, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:94, Fig. 34 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] South of Canary Islands [eastern Atlantic], 27°19'N, 16°41'W, Dana station D4010, depth about 350 meters (1000 meters wire out) over bottom depth of 3460 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P41204. Paratypes: BMNH 1930.1.12.977-980 (4); ?MCZ [ex Woods Hole] (1), NHMG 1431 (1); ZMUC P41205-220 (40); plus additional material. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:60 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes simus Ebeling 1962 -- (Ebeling 1986:429 [ref. 5651], Maul 1973:343 [ref. 7171], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:759 [ref. 13676], Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:156 [ref. 24556], Maul 1990:614 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:69 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:76 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:971 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:124 [ref. 24106], Porteiro et al. 1999:41 [ref. 24203], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Paxton & Moore in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore et al. 2003:217 [ref. 27076], Kotlyar 2004:4 [ref. 27590], Mundy 2005:298 [ref. 28379], Mincarone et al. 2014:1548 [ref. 33546], Stewart & Bray 2015:982 [ref. 34276], Kotlyar 2016:253 [ref. 34507], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Kotlyar 2016:389 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes simus Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas, including Hawaiian Islands, but not eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

spinifer, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:67, Fig. 26 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] North of the Galápagos Islands, 1°01.5'N, 91°45.7'W, depth 939-1109 meters over bottom depth of 2288 meters. Holotype: SIO 52-409. Paratypes: SIO 52-419 (1), 54-89 (1), 55-221 (1), 55-244 (1); YPM 8040 (4), 8041 (2); ZMUC P417-11, P41221-235. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:60 [ref. 9588], Moore & Boardman 1991:16 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Melamphaes spinifer Ebeling 1962 -- (Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 2004:4 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2014:635 [ref. 33889], Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Fourriére et al. 2016:457 [ref. 34668], Kotlyar 2016:387 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes spinifer Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: East Pacific from 27°N to 34°S, where it ranges westward to about 130°W. Habitat: marine.

suborbitalis, Plectromus Gill [T. N.] 1883:258 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 6 (no. 380); ref. 1724] East of New Jersey, U.S.A., 38°52'40"N, 69°24'40"W, Albatross station 2036, depth 1735 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 33271. •Valid as Melamphaes suborbitalis (Gill 1883) -- (Ebeling 1962:56 [ref. 5896], Maul 1973:344 [ref. 7171], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:111 [ref. 6441], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:759 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:320 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:371 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:157 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:130 [ref. 14674], Maul 1990:614 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:69 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:76 [ref. 24952], Parin & Kotlyar 1998:557 [ref. 24683], Kotlyar 1999:449 [ref. 24875], Nakabo 2000:480 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:480 [ref. 26001], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore et al. 2003:217 [ref. 27076], Kotlyar 2004:4 [ref. 27590], Mundy 2005:298 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:748 [ref. 28995], Kotlyar 2012:137 [ref. 31963], Kotlyar 2012:254 [ref. 32009], Stewart & Bray 2015:983 [ref. 34276], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes suborbitalis (Gill 1883). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Nearly worldwide in tropical and temperate seas. Habitat: marine.

succedanaus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2015:517, Fig. 4 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 55 (no. 5); ref. 33995] Eastern Pacific, 0°02'S, 122°04'W, trawling depth 300-0 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-23459. Paratypes: IORAS, ZMMU. •Valid as Melamphaes succedanaus Kotlyar 2015 -- (Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes succedanaus Kotlyar 2015. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific, adjoining North and South America. Habitat: marine.

triceratops, Melamphaes Roule [L.] & Angel [F.] 1933:66, Pl. 3 (fig. 32) [Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies sur son yacht par Albert 1er Monaco. Fasc. 86; ref. 3827] Northeastern Atlantic: northwest of Madeira, 0-3500 meters depth; west of Flores, Azores, depth 0-3000 meters; east of Nova Scotia, depth 0-3000 meters. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1934.12.19.38-39 (2) stn. 3452; MOM 0091-1394 (3), 0091-1530 (1), 0091-1686 (1). Type catalog: Belloc 1949:11-12 [ref. 21544]. •Synonym of Poromitra capito Goode & Bean 1883 -- (Maul 1973:345 [ref. 7171], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:761 [ref. 13676], Maul 1990:615 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 2004:4 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2009:711 [ref. 30627]). Current status: Synonym of Poromitra capito Goode & Bean 1883. Melamphaidae. Habitat: marine.

typhlops, Metopias Lowe [R. T.] 1843:90 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1843 (pt 11); ref. 2832] Off Madeira. Neotype: BMNH 1864.11.8.1. Neotype designated by Ebeling 1962:92 [ref. 5896] and confirmed by Maul 1973 [ref. 7171]. •Valid as Melamphaes typhlops (Lowe 1843) -- (Ebeling 1962:88 [ref. 5896], Maul 1973:343 [ref. 7171], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:760 [ref. 13676], Maul 1990:614 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:69 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:76 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:972 [ref. 23897], Porteiro et al. 1999:41 [ref. 24203], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore et al. 2003:217 [ref. 27076], Kotlyar 2004:4 [ref. 27590], Mincarone et al. 2014:1551 [ref. 33546], Kotlyar 2016:30 [ref. 34170], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Kotlyar 2016:389 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes typhlops (Lowe 1843). Melamphaidae. Distribution: North Atlantic between 10°N and 45°N; South Atlantic to Brazil. Habitat: marine.

unicornis, Melamphaes Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:615, Pl. 77 (fig. 1) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Vicinity of Kauai Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4142, depth 632-881 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51517. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8610 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:64 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Poromitra crassiceps (Günther 1878) -- (Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:761 [ref. 13676], Gon 1990:219 [ref. 21680], Kotlyar 1996:275 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 2004:5 [ref. 27590], Mundy 2005:298 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Poromitra unicornis (Gilbert 1905) -- (Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:110 [ref. 6441], Savinykh & Balanov 1999:424 [ref. 24871], Kotlyar 2008:486 [ref. 29813], Kotlyar 2010:243 [ref. 30796]). Current status: Valid as Poromitra unicornis (Gilbert 1905). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Philippines to Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

unispinis, Scopelogadus Ebeling [A. W.] & Weed [W. H., III] 1963:21, Fig. 11 [Dana Report No. 60; ref. 4616] Indonesia, 4°05'N, 128°16'E, Dana station D3678, depth about 1000 meters (2000 meters wire out) over bottom depth of 4700 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P4174. Paratypes: USNM 151303-09 (1, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2); ZMUC P4134-35 (2), P4175-177 (3). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:60 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Scopelogadus unispinis Ebeling & Weed 1963 -- (Kotlyar 1996:276 [ref. 23292], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Paxton & Moore in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Kotlyar 2004:7 [ref. 27590]). Current status: Valid as Scopelogadus unispinis Ebeling & Weed 1963. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Tropical Indian and western Pacifics. Habitat: marine.

xestoachidus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2011:563, Fig. 3 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 51 (no. 8); ref. 31578] Northwestern North Pacific, 44°54'N, 152°14'E, trawling depth 2400-3450 meters, over bottom depth of 8800-9600 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-22660. Paratypes: ZMUU P-22660 (1). •Valid as Melamphaes xestoachidus Kotlyar 2011 -- (Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009], Parin et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes xestoachidus Kotlyar 2011. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.