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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Merlucciidae: [ 58 ] records


albidus, Gadus Mitchill [S. L.] 1818:409 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 17775] New York, 39°53'N, 69°53'W. Neotype: USNM 31630. Neotype designation not researched, not designated here. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Gadus albidus Gmelin 1789, but perhaps can be retained based on prevailing usage. •Synonym of Merluccius bilinearis (Mitchill 1814) -- (Smith 1986:406 [ref. 22186]). •Treated as valid as Merluccius albidus (Mitchill 1818) -- (Inada & Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:207 [ref. 14275], Scott & Scott 1988:276 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:121 [ref. 14674], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:330 [ref. 18936], Cervigón 1991:164 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:74 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:359 [ref. 23827], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:800 [ref. 23897], Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:217 [ref. 26158], Iwamoto & Cohen 2003:1019 [ref. 27011], Moore et al. 2003:213 [ref. 27076], Lloris et al. 2003:18 [ref. 27698], Nelson et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Merluccius albidus (Mitchill 1818). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

ambiguus, Merlucius Lowe [R. T.] 1841:37 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1840 (pt. 8, no. 89); ref. 2830] Madeira. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Original genus should have been Merluccius. •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:300 [ref. 7169], Maurin 1990:534 [ref. 15767], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:339 [ref. 18936], Lloris et al. 2016:2011 [ref. 34587]). •Synonym of Gadella maraldi (Risso 1810) -- (Cohen 1973:323 [ref. 6589], Cohen 1990:521 [ref. 15766], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:1998 [ref. 34586] spelled ambiguous). Current status: Synonym of Gadella maraldi (Risso 1810). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: marine.

angusticeps, Merluccius Hildebrand [S. F.] 1946:159 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 189; ref. 2161] •A misspelling of, and in the synonymy of Merluccius angustimanus Garman 1899 -- (Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:331 [ref. 18936]). •In the synonymy of Merluccius productus (Ayres 1855). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius productus (Ayres 1855). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae.

angustimanus, Merluccius Garman [S.] 1899:183, Pls. 41 (fig. 1), 82 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off Panama, 7°N, 78°-79°W, Albatross station 3385, 3387, 3391 and 3396, depth 127-286 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28612-15 (6); USNM 57873 (1), 74575 (2), 120424 [ex MCZ 28612] (1). Misspelled angusticeps by Hildebrand 1946:159 [ref. 2161]. •Valid as Merluccius angustimanus Garman 1899 -- (Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:331 [ref. 18936], Bussing & López S. 1994:72 [ref. 23101], Inada in Fischer et al. 1995:1273 [ref. 22830], Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592], Lloris et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27698], Nelson et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27807], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], Robertson et al. 2017:58 [ref. 35676]). •Synonym of Merluccius productus (Ayres 1855) -- (Silva-Segundo et al. 2010:279 [ref. 35760], Palacios-Salgado et al. 2014:236 [ref. 36362]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius productus (Ayres 1855). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern California to Colombia [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

argentatus, Gadus Faber [F.] 1829:91 [Naturgeschichte der Fische Islands; ref. 13329] Iceland. No types known. Merlucciidae. Habitat: marine.

argentatus, Merluccius Günther [A.] 1862:346 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] Iceland. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Merluccius argentatus Ekström 1836-1848, which is however an overlooked and apparently unused name; therefore, Merluccius argentatus Günther 1862 may qualify as a nomen protectum. •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:339 [ref. 18936], Lloris et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27698], Lloris et al. 2016:2011 [ref. 34587]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

argentatus, Merluccius Ekström [C. U.] in Fries, Ekström & Sundevall 1837:145, Pl. 33 [Skandinaviens fiskar; ref. 18073] Appeared in footnote and plate caption. Evidently an overlooked available name, predating Merluccius argentatus Günther 1862. •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

argentea, Steindachneria Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:419, Pl. 101 (fig. 351) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Off Mississippi Delta, Gulf of Mexico, 39°14'30"N, 88°09'30"W, Albatross station 2378, depth 68 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 37350. •Valid as Steindachneria argentea Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Arai in Uyeno et al. 1983:208 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:94 [ref. 23100], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:345 [ref. 18936], Cervigón 1991:164 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:74 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:359 [ref. 23827], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:801 [ref. 23897], Iwamoto & Cohen 2003:993 [ref. 27011], Nelson et al. 2004:93 [ref. 27807], Hartel et al. 2008:327 [ref. 29890], Melo et al. 2010:40 [ref. 30775], Page et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Steindachneria argentea Goode & Bean 1896. Merlucciidae: Steindachneriinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: New England to Brazil. Habitat: marine.

argenteus, Lyconodes Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1922:59, Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa Rep. 2 (art. 3); ref. 1648] South Africa, Pickle station 84, depth 500 fathoms. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Lyconodes argenteus Gilchrist 1922 -- (Cohen 1986:325 [ref. 5646], Lloris et al. 2003:8 [ref. 27698]). Current status: Valid as Lyconodes argenteus Gilchrist 1922. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

argentinae, Macruronus Lahille [F.] 1915:23, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [Anales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Buenos Aires (Serie 3) v. 26; ref. 15000] Coast of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Macruronus magellanicus Lönnberg 1907 -- (Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:325 [ref. 18936], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:59 [ref. 22530], Howes 1991:108 [ref. 19075]). •Synonym of Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector 1871) -- (Lloris et al. 2003:12 [ref. 27698], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2011:[2] [ref. 31627]). Current status: Synonym of Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector 1871). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: marine.

atlanticus, Merluccius merluccius Cadenat [J.] 1950:129 [ ref. 17962] Eastern Atlantic. •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:300 [ref. 7169], Maurin 1990:535 [ref. 15767]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: marine.

australis, Gadus Hutton [F. W.] 1872:45 [Fishes of New Zealand (Hutton); ref. 2287] Wellington, Cook Strait, New Zealand. Lectotype: BMNH 1872.4.26.8. Paralectotype: BMNH 1905.11.30.38 (1). Lectotype selected by Deli Antoni et al. 2015:31 [ref. 33798]. •Valid as Merluccius australis (Hutton 1872) -- (Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:122 [ref. 14235], Paxton et al. 1989:309 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:122 [ref. 24556], Inada in Amaoka et al. 1990:167 [ref. 16024], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:332 [ref. 18936], Abe & Funabashi 1993:1 [ref. 21222], López et al. 1996:27 [ref. 23681], Trunov 1999:463 [ref. 24579], Roldán et al. 1999:82 [ref. 27164], Nakabo 2000:413 [ref. 25086], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:76 [ref. 25942], Roldán & Pla 2001:81 [ref. 25231], Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592], Nakabo 2002:413 [ref. 26001], Lloris & Matallanas 2003:326 [ref. 27166], Lloris et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27698] with subspecies, Matallanas & Lloris 2006:195 [ref. 28491] with subspecies australis and polyepis, Paxton et al. 2006:627 [ref. 28995], Díaz de Astarloa et al. 2011:1343 [ref. 31296], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Deli Antoni et al. 2015:30 [ref. 33798], Stewart 2015:873 [ref. 34254], Nión et al. 2016:40 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Merluccius australis (Hutton 1872). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Japan, South America to Australia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

bilinearis, Stomodon Mitchill [S. L.] 1814:7 [Report, in part, of Samuel L. Mitchill; ref. 3030] Oyster Bay, New York, U.S.A. Neotype: USNM 39935. Neotype from USNM records, not researched and not here designated. •Valid as Merluccius bilinearis (Mitchill 1814) -- (Smith 1986:406 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:94 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:278 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:121 [ref. 14674], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:334 [ref. 18936], Murdy et al. 1997:114 [ref. 23144], Roldán et al. 1999:82 [ref. 27164], Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:219 [ref. 26158], Iwamoto & Cohen 2003:1020 [ref. 27011], Moore et al. 2003:213 [ref. 27076], Lloris et al. 2003:24 [ref. 27698], Nelson et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32708], Martins & Carneiro 2018:36 [ref. 36550]). Current status: Valid as Merluccius bilinearis (Mitchill 1814). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Western North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

brachycolus, Lyconus Holt [E. W. L.] & Byrne [L. W.] 1906:424 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 18 (no. 108); ref. 21238] Southwest of Ireland, 50°21' to 50°24'N, 11°39' to 11°41'W, depth about 750 fathoms depth over 800 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1907.6.20.15. •Valid as Macruronus brachycolus (Holt & Byrne 1906) -- (Howes 1991:108 [ref. 19075]). •Valid as Lyconus brachycolus Holt & Byrne 1906 -- (Marshall 1973:299 [ref. 7194], Svetovidov 1973:301 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:679 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:273 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:120 [ref. 14674], Maurin 1990:539 [ref. 15767], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:322 [ref. 18936], Trunov 2001:24 [ref. 25195], Lloris et al. 2003:9 [ref. 27698], Lloris et al. 2016:2009 [ref. 34587]). Current status: Valid as Lyconus brachycolus Holt & Byrne 1906. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

byrkelange, Gadus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:135 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. No types known. Based on the 'Bürkelange' of Strøm 1767:400 [ref. 21098]. •Synonym of Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784) -- (Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:702 [ref. 13676], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:63 [ref. 18936], Parin et al. 2014:182 [ref. 33547], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2027 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cadenati, Merluccius Doutre [M. P.] 1960:523, Fig. 2 (top) [Revue des Travaux de l'Institut des Pêches Maritimes v. 24 (no. 4); ref. 11909] Cap Vert, Senegal, western Africa. No types known. •Synonym of Merluccius polli Cadenat 1950 -- (Maurin 1990:536 [ref. 15767], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:341 [ref. 18936], Lloris et al. 2016:2013 [ref. 34587]). •Valid as Merluccius cadenati Doutre 1960 -- (Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592]). •Synonym of Merluccius polli Cadenat 1950, but a valid subspecies -- (Lloris et al. 2003:37, 38 [ref. 27698]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius polli Cadenat 1950. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: marine.

caninus, Macruronus Maul [G. E.] 1951:45, Fig. 11 [Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal No. 5 (art. 12); ref. 12899] Off Madeira. Holotype: MMF 3155. Paratypes: MMF 3156-57 (2). •Valid as Macruronus caninus Maul 1951 -- (Marshall 1973:299 [ref. 7194] in Macrouridae, Svetovidov 1973:301 [ref. 7169] in Merlucciidae, Howes 1991:108 [ref. 19075] in Macruronidae). •Synonym of Lyconus brachycolus Holt & Byrne 1906 -- (Maurin 1990:539 [ref. 15767], Lloris et al. 2003:9 [ref. 27698], Lloris et al. 2016:2009 [ref. 34587]). Current status: Synonym of Lyconus brachycolus Holt & Byrne 1906. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Macruronus Davies [D. H.] 1950:512, Fig. [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 3 (no. 30) (art. 44); ref. 12945] Off Cape Town, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic, depth 280 fathoms. Holotype (unique). •Valid as Macruronus capensis Davies 1950 -- (Cohen 1986:325 [ref. 5646], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:324 [ref. 18936], Howes 1991:108 [ref. 19075], Lloris et al. 2003:11 [ref. 27698]). •Synonym of Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector 1871) -- (Leslie et al. 2018:91 [ref. 35753]). Current status: Synonym of Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector 1871). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Southern South Africa [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Merluccius Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:68 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] South Africa. No types known. •Valid as Merluccius capensis Castelnau 1861 -- (Cohen 1986:325 [ref. 5646], Cohen 1990:532 [ref. 15766], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:335 [ref. 18936], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:141 [ref. 25472], Roldán et al. 1999:82 [ref. 27164], Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592], Lloris et al. 2003:26 [ref. 27698], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:118 [ref. 28072], Lloris et al. 2016:2010 [ref. 34587]). Current status: Valid as Merluccius capensis Castelnau 1861. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

dipterygius, Gadus Strøm [H.] 1767:405 [Drontheimischen Gesellschaft Schriften aus dem Dänischen überseßt v. 3; ref. 21098] Not intended as a binominal, only a description from Linnaeus 1758 for Gadus merluccius. See Gadus dypterygius Pennant 1784 (available). •In the synonymy of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae.

esculentus, Merlucius Risso [A.] 1827:220 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Original genus should have been Merluccius. •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:300 [ref. 7169], Maurin 1990:534 [ref. 15767], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:339 [ref. 18936], Lloris et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27698] as Merluccius, Lloris et al. 2016:2011 [ref. 34587]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

gayi, Merlus Guichenot [A.] 1848:329, Pl. 8 (fig. 2) [Fauna Chilena.... in Gay.; ref. 1939] Valparaíso, Chile. Syntypes: MNHN B-1280 (2, poor condition). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:233 [ref. 24244]. •Valid as Merluccius gayi (Guichenot 1848) -- (Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:127 [ref. 14235], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:336 [ref. 18936], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:208 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:232, 384 [ref. 24555], Bailly et al. 1999:233 [ref. 24244], Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592], Lloris et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27698] with subspecies, Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:196 [ref. 28944], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Merluccius gayi (Guichenot 1848). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific (subspecies gayi). Habitat: marine.

hernandezi, Merluccius Mathews [C. P.] 1985:712, Pl. 1 [Journal of Natural History v. 19 (no. 4); ref. 8139] Gulf of California, Mexico, 28°24'N, 112°21'06"W, depth 300 meters. Holotype: SIO 74-69. Paratypes: SIO 74-70 (?), UABCE (uncat). •Mention -- (Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:328 [ref. 18936], Inada in Fischer et al. 1995:1272 [ref. 22829]). •Valid as Merluccius hernandezi Mathews 1985 -- (Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592], Nelson et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27807]). •Synonym of Merluccius angustimanus Garman 1899 -- (Lloris et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27698], Silva-Segundo et al. 2010:279 [ref. 35760]). •Synonym of Merluccius productus (Ayres 1855). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius productus (Ayres 1855). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

hubbsi, Merluccius Marini [T. L.] 1933:322 [4], Fig. [Physis (Buenos Aires) v. 11 (no. 39); ref. 16499] Buenos Aires, Argentina. Holotype: UMMZ/MACN (presumed lost). Paratypes: BMNH 1935.8.29.14-15 [ex USNM 77291] (2); UMMZ 95461 (1); USNM 43388 (15, disintegrated), 77291(40), 77292 (1). On p. 4 of separate. Based on specimens and literature. •Valid as Merluccius hubbsi Marini 1933 -- (Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:124 [ref. 14235], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:337 [ref. 18936], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:61 [ref. 22530], Andreata & Séret 1996:583 [ref. 16204], López et al. 1996:23 [ref. 23681], Roldán et al. 1999:82 [ref. 27164], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:74 [ref. 25942], Roldán & Pla 2001:81 [ref. 25231], Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592], López et al. 2002:63 [ref. 26808], Lloris & Matallanas 2003:326 [ref. 27166], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:63 [ref. 27192], Lloris et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27698], Matallanas & Lloris 2006:198 [ref. 28491], Melo et al. 2010:40 [ref. 30775], Díaz de Astarloa et al. 2011:1343 [ref. 31296], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800] Deli Antoni et al. 2015:30 [ref. 33798], Nión et al. 2016:40 [ref. 35565], Spier et al. 2018:8 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Merluccius hubbsi Marini 1933. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. Habitat: marine.

lanatus, Merlucius Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:130 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Mediterranean Sea; off Spain; Marseille, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.113 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin) "Mare Marsiliense". Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:217 [ref. 13434] but as holotype. •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Wheeler 1958:217 [ref. 13434], Svetovidov 1973:300 [ref. 7169], Maurin 1990:534 [ref. 15767], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:339 [ref. 18936], Lloris et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27698], Lloris et al. 2016:2011 [ref. 34587] with author as Gronov). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lessepsianus, Merluccius merluccius Lloris [D.], Matallanas [J.] & Oliver [P.] 2003:33 [Merluzas del Mundo (Familia Merlucciidae); ref. 27698] Red Sea. Holotype: MNHN 1966-0435. Probably not available, no distinguishing features (except pectoral fin shorter than the ventral fins) for MNHN 1966-0435; a specimen from the Red Sea; also a holotype was not explicitly mentioned. Updated in 2005. •In the synonymy of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). •In the synonymy of Merluccius merluccius but a valid subspecies lessepsianus Lloris, Matallanas & Oliver 2005 -- (Lloris et al. 2016:2011 [ref. 34587]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Red Sea [this subspecies].

linnei, Merluccius Malm [A. W.] 1877:489 [ ref. 2881] Original as Linnéi. Tentatively regarded as an unneeded replacement name for Gadus merluccius Linnaeus 1758 (to avoid "Strickland tautonomy"). Locality Sweden. •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:300 [ref. 7169], Maurin 1990:534 [ref. 15767], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:339 [ref. 18936], Lloris et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27698], Lloris et al. 2016:2011 [ref. 34587]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lucius, Polydatus Gistel [J.] 1848:105 [Naturgeschichte des Thierreichs; ref. 1822] Appeared as "G. merlucius ober Polydatus luciscus, nobis." Regarded as not available, name in synonymy; also no distinguishing features. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae.

maderensis, Macruronus Maul [G. E.] 1951:49, Fig. 12 [Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal No. 5 (art. 12); ref. 12899] Off Madeira, eastern Atlantic (stomach content). Holotype: MMF 3155. Paratypes: MMF 3135a-g (7). •Valid as Macruronus maderensis Maul 1951 -- (Marshall 1973:299 [ref. 7194] in Macrouridae, Svetovidov 1973:302 [ref. 7169] in Merlucciidae, Howes 1991:108 [ref. 19075] in Macruronidae, Lloris et al. 2016:2009 [ref. 34587]). Current status: Valid as Macruronus maderensis Maul 1951. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Madeira. Habitat: marine.

magellanicus, Macruronus Lönnberg [E.] 1907:15, Pl. (fig. 2) [Ergebnisse der Hamburger Magalhaensischen Sammelreise; ref. 15156] Eden Harbor, Smyth Channel. Holotype (unique): ZMH H393. Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:161 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:404 [ref. 21161]. •Synonym of Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector 1871), but a valid subspecies magellanicus Lönnberg 1907 -- (Lloris et al. 2003:12 [ref. 27698]). •Valid as Macruronus magellanicus Lönnberg 1907 -- (Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:120 [ref. 14235], Pequeño 1989:45 [ref. 14125], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:325 [ref. 18936], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:59 [ref. 22530], Howes 1991:108 [ref. 19075], López et al. 1996:21 [ref. 23681], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:72 [ref. 25942], Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592], López et al. 2002:63 [ref. 26808], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:63 [ref. 27192], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Nión et al. 2016:40 [ref. 35565]). •Synonym of Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector 1871) -- (Carvalho-Filho et al. 2011:[2] [ref. 31627], Leslie et al. 2018:91 [ref. 35753]). Current status: Synonym of Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector 1871). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Southern Chile, Argentina and Uruguay [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

magnoculus, Merluccius Ginsburg [I.] 1954:194 [United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Bulletin v. 56 (no. 96); ref. 12273] Off Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A., 29°23'N, 87°25'W, Oregon station 270, depth 220 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 157757. Paratypes: USNM 144303 (3), 157758-63 (2, 5, 5, 4, 2, 10). •Valid as Merluccius magnoculus Ginsburg 1954 -- (Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592]). •Synonym of Merluccius albidus (Mitchill 1818) -- (Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:330 [ref. 18936], Lloris et al. 2003:18 [ref. 27698]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius albidus (Mitchill 1818). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: marine.

marlucius, Hydronus Minding [J.] 1832:84 [Lehrbuch der Naturgeschichte der Fische; ref. 3022] Mediterranean Sea and North Sea, near both English and French coasts. No types known. Possibly a misspelling of Gadus merluccius Linnaeus 1758 but spelled the same in index (p. X) and on p. 84 with no reference to an earlier description; treated as an available name. •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:300 [ref. 7169], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:339 [ref. 18936], Lloris et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27698] as Hidronus marlucius, Lloris et al. 2016:2011 [ref. 34587]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Eastern North Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mediterraneus, Merluccius merluccius Cadenat [J.] 1950:129 [ ref. 17962] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:300 [ref. 7169], Maurin 1990:535 [ref. 15767]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

merluccius, Gadus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:254 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European ocean. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:34 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Gadus merlucius of Sonnini 1803:268 (vol. 6) [ref. 30473] is not a misspelling, but an unnecessary replacement name. •Valid as Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:300 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:677 [ref. 13676], Klausewitz 1989:260 [ref. 13650], Cohen 1990:534 [ref. 15766], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:339 [ref. 18936], Arruda 1997:70 [ref. 24952], Fricke 1999:34 [ref. 24101], Roldán et al. 1999:82 [ref. 27164], Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:53 [ref. 26753], Lloris et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27698] with subspecies, Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:63 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:55 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:168 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:30 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:171 [ref. 33547], Goren & Galil 2015:514 [ref. 33910], Bañón et al. 2016:317 [ref. 34397], Lloris et al. 2016:2011 [ref. 34587], Martins & Carneiro 2018:35 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Norway and Iceland south to Mauritania. Habitat: brackish, marine.

merlus, Gadus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: marine.

microphthalmus, Merluccius Bonaparte [C. L.] 1838:fasc. 23, punt. 120 [Iconografia della fauna italica; ref. 4894] Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: marine.

moroccanus, Trachinoides Borodin [N. A.] 1934:120, Pl. 2 (figs. 2-3) [Bulletin Vanderbilt Marine Museum v. 1 (art. 4); ref. 529] Casablanca, Morocco, eastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): VMM 1349 (now at AMNH). •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:300 [ref. 7169], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:339 [ref. 18936] as maroccanus, Lloris et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27698] as maroccanus, Lloris et al. 2016:2011 [ref. 34587] as maroccanus). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

novaezelandiae, Coryphaenoides Hector [J.] 1871:136, Pl. 18 (fig. 1) [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 3 (art. 22) (for 1870); ref. 18265] Off Ward Island, Port Nicholson, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1873.12.13.63 [ex New Zealand Inst.] (1). •Valid as Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector 1871) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:308 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:122 [ref. 24556], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:326 [ref. 18936], Yamada in Amaoka et al. 1990:164 [ref. 16024], Howes 1991:108 [ref. 19075], Gomon et al. 1994:339 [ref. 22532], Bruce et al. 2001:603 [ref. 25553], Punt et al. 2001:701 [ref. 25556], Hutchins 2001:23 [ref. 25847], Lloris et al. 2003:12 [ref. 27698] with subspecies, Paxton et al. 2006:626 [ref. 28995], Gomon 2008:348 [ref. 30616], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2011:[2] [ref. 31627], Stewart 2015:872 [ref. 34254], Leslie et al. 2018:91 [ref. 35753]). Current status: Valid as Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector 1871). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Southern Hemisphere: Argentina to southern Australia, New Zealand and Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

paradoxus, Merluccius capensis Franca [P. da] 1960:28 [Memórias da Junta de Investigações Científicas do Ultramar. 2a. sér. Lisboa No. 18; ref. 19683] Off Namibia and western South Africa, southeastern Atlantic, 27°37.0'S, 27°07.0'S, and 29°51.7'S. •Valid as Merluccius paradoxus Franca 1960 -- (Cohen 1986:326 [ref. 5646], Maurin 1990:535 [ref. 15767], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:340 [ref. 18936], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:141 [ref. 25472], Roldán et al. 1999:82 [ref. 27164], Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592], Lloris et al. 2003:35 [ref. 27698], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:118 [ref. 28072], Lloris et al. 2016:2012 [ref. 34587]). Current status: Valid as Merluccius paradoxus Franca 1960. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and southwestern Indian Ocean, including Madagascar Ridge. Habitat: marine.

patagonicus, Merluccius Lloris [D.] & Matallanas [J.] 2003:324, Fig. 1 [Scientia Marina v. 67 (no. 3); ref. 27166] Argentine Sea, near Comodoro Rivadavia, 45°30'S, 65°30'W, depth 95 meters. Holotype: CMIMA-CSIC IIPB 500/2001. Paratypes: CMIMA-CSIC IIPB 501-504/2001 (4, 1 dissected). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Merluccius patagonicus Lloris & Matallanas 2003 -- (Lloris et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27698], Matallanas & Lloris 2006:198 [ref. 28491]). •Synonym of Merluccius hubbsi Marini 1933 -- (Díaz de Astarloa et al. 2011:1355 [ref. 31296]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius hubbsi Marini 1933. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: marine.

peruanus, Merluccius gayi Ginsburg [I.] 1954:202 [United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Bulletin v. 56 (no. 96); ref. 12273] Paita, Peru. Holotype: USNM 77727. Paratypes: USNM 77525 (5), 77539 (3), 128180-81 (1, 1). •Synonym of Merluccius gayi (Guichenot 1848), but a valid subspecies peruanus Ginsburg 1954 as described -- (Grove & Lavenberg 1997:209 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:232, 384 [ref. 24555], Lloris et al. 2003:28, 29 [ref. 27698]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius gayi (Guichenot 1848). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Costa Rica to Peru and Galápagos Islands [this subspecies]. Habitat: marine.

pinnatus, Lyconus Günther [A.] 1887:158, Pl. 42 (fig. C) [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] Mid-ocean, South Atlantic. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1876.3.4.74 [or 76]. •Valid as Macruronus pinnatus (Günther 1887) -- (Howes 1991:108 [ref. 19075]). •Valid as Lyconus pinnatus Günther 1887 -- (Cohen 1986:325 [ref. 5646], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:322 [ref. 18936], Lloris et al. 2003:10 [ref. 27698], Stewart 2015:871 [ref. 34254]). Current status: Valid as Lyconus pinnatus Günther 1887. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

pisciota, Gadus Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:2, 13 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only; not available. See also Gadus pisciota Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Machado 1857. Also appeared as name only in Graells 1887:176, 187 [ref. 30438]. •In the synonymy of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae.

pisciota, Gadus Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] in Machado 1857:23 [Catálogo de los peces que habitán ó frecuentan las costas de Cadiz y Huelva con inclusion de los del Rio Guadalquivir.; ref. 17320] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only; not available. Name from Cabrera et al. 1817:2, 13 [ref. 17319], possibly an unpublished work. Also appeared as name only in Graells 1887:176, 187 [ref. 30438]. •In the synonymy of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae.

polli, Merluccius Cadenat [J.] 1950:129 [ ref. 17962] Congo. Also listed as new in Cadenat 1951:321 [ref. 12676]. •Valid as Merluccius polli Cadenat 1950 -- (Maurin 1990:536 [ref. 15767], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:339 [ref. 18936], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:141 [ref. 25472], Roldán et al. 1999:82 [ref. 27164], Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592], Lloris et al. 2003:37 [ref. 27698] with subspecies, Lloris et al. 2016:2013 [ref. 34587]). Current status: Valid as Merluccius polli Cadenat 1950. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

polylepis, Merluccius Ginsburg [I.] 1954:195, Fig. 2 [United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Bulletin v. 56 (no. 96); ref. 12273] Castro, Chile, 42°29'S, 72°46'W. Holotype: USNM 157764. Paratypes: USNM 157765-66 (1, 2). •Synonym of Merluccius australis (Hutton 1872) -- (Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:332 [ref. 18936], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:76 [ref. 25942]). •Synonym of Merluccius australis (Hutton 1872), but a valid subspecies polylepis Ginsburg 1954 -- (Lloris et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27698], Matallanas & Lloris 2006:197 [ref. 28491]). •Valid as Merluccius polylepis Ginsburg 1954 -- (Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592]). Current status: Valid as Merluccius polylepis Ginsburg 1954. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: New Zealand, Patagonia, Chile and Argentina. Habitat: marine.

productus, Merlangus Ayres [W. O.] 1855:64 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 159] Coast of California, Oregon, and Washington, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 529 (1). •Valid as Merluccius productus (Ayres 1855) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:99 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:186 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:121 [ref. 14674], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:342 [ref. 18936], Inada in Fischer et al. 1995:1274 [ref. 22830], Roldán et al. 1999:82 [ref. 27164], Musick et al. 2000:12 [ref. 24959], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:286 [ref. 25968], Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592], Lloris et al. 2003:39 [ref. 27698], Nelson et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27807], Endo & Kitagawa 2006:95 [ref. 30967], Silva-Segundo et al. 2010:279 [ref. 35760], Page et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:171 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:26 [ref. 34694], Fourriére et al. 2016:455 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:110 [ref. 35888]). Current status: Valid as Merluccius productus (Ayres 1855). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Eastern North Pacific: Asia to Alaska and to Gulf of California and Revillagigedo islands. Habitat: marine.

riali, Onus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:12 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on Gadus merluccius Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:300 [ref. 7169], Maurin 1990:534 [ref. 15767], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:339 [ref. 18936], Lloris et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27698], Lloris et al. 2016:2011 [ref. 34587]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ruber, Gadus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:671, 673 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Scotland; Dieppe, France. •Synonym of Gadus morhua Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:303 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:44 [ref. 18936]). •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:300 [ref. 7169], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:339 [ref. 18936], Lloris et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27698], Lloris et al. 2016:2011 [ref. 34587]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: marine.

rubescens, Merluccius Costa [O. G.] 1844:Gadoides p. 14, Pl. 37 [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Cumana, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. Published 19 July 1944. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: marine.

senegalensis, Merluccius Cadenat [J.] 1950:129 [ ref. 17962] Dakar, Coast of Senegal. No types known. •Valid as Merluccius senegalensis Cadenat 1950 -- (Svetovidov 1973:301 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:678 [ref. 13676], Maurin 1990:537 [ref. 15767], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:343 [ref. 18936], Roldán et al. 1999:82 [ref. 27164], Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592], Lloris et al. 2003:40 [ref. 27698], Wirtz et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32972], Lloris et al. 2016:2014 [ref. 34587], Martins & Carneiro 2018:36 [ref. 36550]). Current status: Valid as Merluccius senegalensis Cadenat 1950. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

sinuatus, Merlucius Swainson [W.] 1838:319, Fig. 73 [The natural history and classification of fishes, amphibians, & reptiles, or monocardian animals. v. 1; ref. 4302] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Original genus should have been Merluccius. Also in Swainson 1839:390 [ref. 4303]. •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:300 [ref. 7169], Maurin 1990:534 [ref. 15767], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:339 [ref. 18936], Lloris et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27698], Lloris et al. 2016:2011 [ref. 34587]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

smiridus, Merluccius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:25 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:12 [ref. 3595] as Onus smiridus. •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:300 [ref. 7169], Maurin 1990:534 [ref. 15767], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:339 [ref. 18936], Lloris et al. 2016:2011 [ref. 34587]). •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies smiridus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Lloris et al. 2003:32, 33 [ref. 27698] as a valid subspecies, Lloris et al. 2016:2011 [ref. 34587]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tasmaniae, Coryphaenoides Johnston [R. M.] 1883:143 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1882; ref. 18337] Kangaroo Bluff, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype: TMH D144 [old no. 5785]. Paratypes: TMH D31/497? [old no. 5184], D144/13025 [old no. 5184] (4). Type catalog: Andrews 1971:1 [ref. 31471], Andrews 1992:110 [ref. 22689]. •Synonym of Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector 1871) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:308 [ref. 12442], Lloris et al. 2003:12 [ref. 27698], Paxton et al. 2006:626 [ref. 28995], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2011:[2] [ref. 31627]). Current status: Synonym of Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector 1871). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: marine.

tasmanicus, Merluccius Matallanas [J.] & Lloris [D.] 2006:194, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom v. 86 (no. 1); ref. 28491] Off Tasman Bay, 40°52'S, 173°08'E, Tasmania, New Zealand, depth 36 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.5566. Paratypes: MOVI 27490 (1), 27491 (1); NMNZ P.3963 (1). •Synonym of Merluccius australis (Hutton 1872) -- (Deli Antoni et al. 2015:51 [ref. 33798]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius australis (Hutton 1872). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: marine.

trowbridgii, Homalopomus Girard [C. F.] 1856:132 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 8; ref. 1809] Astoria, Oregon, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 285 (1). •Synonym of Merluccius productus (Ayres 1855) -- (Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:342 [ref. 18936], Inada in Fischer et al. 1995:1274 [ref. 22830], Lloris et al. 2003:39 [ref. 27698]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius productus (Ayres 1855). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Merluccius Fleming [J.] 1828:195 [A history of British animals; ref. 1339] Southern coast of England and Ireland. No types known. •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:300 [ref. 7169], Maurin 1990:534 [ref. 15767], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:339 [ref. 18936], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:53 [ref. 26753], Lloris et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27698], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:30 [ref. 36649], Lloris et al. 2016:2011 [ref. 34587], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

vulgaris, Merlucius Costa [O. G.] 1844:Gadoides p. 11 [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] [Napoli] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Published 19 July 1844. Based in part on Gadus merluccius Linnaeus 1758. Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Habitat: marine.