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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Moringuidae: [ 48 ] records


abbreviatus, Aphthalmichthys Bleeker [P.] 1863:163 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 1; ref. 17003] Prigi, Java; Batu; Manado, Sulawesi; Ternata; Ambon, Indonesia. Syntypes: (12) BMNH 1867.11.28.312 (1) no locality (Bleeker coll.); RMNH 7183 (some of 12). •Valid as Moringua abbreviata (Bleeker 1863) -- (Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:21 [ref. 6441], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Lobel & Lobel 2004:67 [ref. 27576], Paxton et al. 2006:239 [ref. 28995], Zhang et al. 2010:223 [ref. 31511], Ho et al. 2015:150 [ref. 34130], Motomura et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Moringua abbreviata (Bleeker 1863). Moringuidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

amphomelaena, Rataboura Fowler [H. W.] 1938:190, Pl. 11 (fig. 25) [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 2; ref. 1428] Kiritimati [formerly Christmas Island], Line Islands. Holotype: ANSP 68356. Paratypes: ANSP 68357-64 (8), 68365 (1, c&s). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:127 [ref. 13621]. •Questionably a synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1922) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

anaelisae, Leptocephalus Tommasi [L. R.] 1960:93, Fig. 3 [Neotropica (La Plata) v. 6 (no. 21); ref. 11955] Brazil, 2°27.5'N, 44°02.5'W, vertical tow, depth 23-125 meters. Holotype (unique): (lost). •Synonym of Neoconger mucronatus Girard 1858 -- (Smith 1989:60 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:701 [ref. 13285], Melo & Caires 2016:2 [ref. 34981]). Current status: Synonym of Neoconger mucronatus Girard 1858. Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

arundinaceus, Ptyobranchus McClelland [J.] 1844:200, 204, 221, Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Bengal, India. No types known. •Valid as Moringua arundinacea (McClelland 1844) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:76 [ref. 20764]). •Declared a nomen oblitum by Castle 1968; in the synonymy of Moringua guthriana (McClelland 1844) -- (Kottelat 2013:39 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua guthriana (McClelland 1844). Moringuidae. Habitat: brackish.

bahamensis, Anguillichthys Mowbray [L. L.] in Breder 1927:10, Fig. 5 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 635] Green Cay, Bahamas. Holotype: YPM 34. Paratypes: YPM 35 (1). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:19 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889) -- (Smith 1989:68 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889). Moringuidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bicolor, Moringua Kaup [J. J.] 1856:70 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 22 (pt. 1); ref. 2572] Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago. Holotype: RMNH 3687. Also in Kaup 1856:107 [ref. 2573]. •Valid as Moringua bicolor Kaup 1856 -- (Aizawa 1992:2 [ref. 24308], Nakabo 2000:193 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:193 [ref. 26001], Allen & Erdmann 2012:71 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2018:31 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Moringua bicolor Kaup 1856. Moringuidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Madagascar east to Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands, Habitat: marine.

boekei, Moringua Metzelaar [J.] 1919:17, Fig. 8 [Report on the fishes; ref. 2982] Piescadera Bay, Curaçao. Holotype (unique): ZMA 112739. Species treated as "Moningua spec. (nov.)" in heading and figure caption, but provisionally named as above on p. 18. •Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889) -- (Smith 1989:68 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889). Moringuidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brevis, Ptyobranchus McClelland [J.] 1844:202, 204, 223 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Probably Bengal, India. No types known. •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

cagayana, Moringua Seale [A.] 1910:493 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Cagayan, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP 1621 (apparently destroyed). •Synonym of Moringua ferruginea Bliss 1883. •Synonym of Moringua guthriana (McClelland 1844) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua guthriana (McClelland 1844). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

caribbeus, Aphthalmichthys Gill [T. N.] & Smith [H. M.] 1900:974 [Science (Series 2) v. 11 (no. 286); ref. 14729] San Geronimo, Near San Juan, north shore of Puerto Rico. Holotype (unique): USNM 49726. Type catalog: Smith 1994:13 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889) -- (Smith 1989:67 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889). Moringuidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

diptychus, Leptocephalus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Kennedy [C. H.] 1901:831, Fig. [Science (Series 2) v. 13 (no. 334); ref. 11072] New Providence Island, Bahamas, surface (nightlight). Holotype: USNM 49753. Paratypes: USNM 49754 (1). •Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889) -- (Smith 1989:67 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:699 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889). Moringuidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

edwardsi, Stilbiscus Jordan [D. S.] & Bollman [C. H.] 1889:549 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 11 (no. 752); ref. 2432] Green Turtle Cay, Bahamas. Holotype (unique): USNM 41735. Type catalog: Smith 1994:14 [ref. 21917]. •Valid as Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:50 [ref. 23100], Smith 1989:67 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:699 [ref. 13285], Cervigón 1991:30 [ref. 24472], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:224 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:46 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:129 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:147 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1643 [ref. 25634], Collette et al. 2003:98 [ref. 26784], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27192], Smith 2003:696 [ref. 26989], Smith et al. 2003:7 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:60 [ref. 27807], Randall 2007:71 [ref. 30952], Page et al. 2013:60 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:22 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:4 [ref. 34324]). Current status: Valid as Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889). Moringuidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

erythreus, Ptyobranchus McClelland [J.] 1844:201, 203, 223, Pl. 9 (fig. 3) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Bengal, India. Syntypes: SMF 261 (1), 905 (6). •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

ferruginea, Moringua Bliss [R.] 1883:57 [Transactions of the Royal Society of Arts and Sciences of Mauritius (N. S.) v. 13; ref. 16966] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MCZ 6156. •Synonym of Moringua guthriana (McClelland 1844) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Moringua ferruginea Bliss 1883 -- (Castle 1986:187 [ref. 5644], Paxton et al. 1989:111 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:24 [ref. 14125], Winterbottom et al. 1989:5 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:33 [ref. 15987], Larson & Williams 1997:346 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:33 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:41 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:38 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:193 [ref. 25086], Randall & Earle 2000:6 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:193 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:22 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:610 [ref. 27495], Heemstra et al. 2004:3317 [ref. 27945] with question, Mundy 2005:111 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:239 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2009:14 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:71 [ref. 31980], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Motomura et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Moringua ferruginea Bliss 1883. Moringuidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Easter Island, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, and southern Great Barrier Reef (Australia). Habitat: marine.

floresiana, Moringua Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1916:340, Fig. 167 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 3; ref. 4604] South coast of Flores Island, Lesser Sunda Islands. Syntypes: ZMA 112615 (5). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:9 [ref. 19236]. •Questionably a synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

gangeticus, Aphthalmichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1912:32, Fig. 9 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 64; ref. 1385] Ganges River, India. Holotype: ANSP 1086 (broken). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:127 [ref. 13621]. •Questionably a synonym of Moringua arundinacea (McClelland 1844) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:76 [ref. 20764] but see footnote). Current status: Uncertain as Moringua arundinacea (McClelland 1844). Moringuidae. Habitat: brackish.

gracilis, Ptyobranchus McClelland [J.] 1844:202, 204, 223, Pl. 9 (fig. 6) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Bengal, India. Syntypes: SMF 972 (1). •Synonym or Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1922) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

guthrianus, Ptyobranchus McClelland [J.] 1844:201, 204, 222, Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Benga, India. Syntypes: SMF 910 (1), ?ZMB 4043 (1). Castel 1968:15 gave precedence to P. arundinaceus, but at the same time declared it a nomen oblitum. •Valid as Moringua guthriana (McClelland 1844)-- (Kottelat 2013:39 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Moringua guthriana (McClelland 1844). Moringuidae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hamiltonii, Rataboura Gray [J. E.] 1831:9 [Zoological Miscellany 1831; ref. 1879] Holotype: No types known. An unnecessary replacement name for Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

hardwickii, Rataboura Gray [J. E.] 1831:no page number, Pl. 95 (fig. 4) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] Ganges, India. Holotype: lost. Published about 25 Jan. 1831. Also appeared in Gray 1831:9 [ref. 1879] as hamiltonii. The plate for this species was "pirated" from Hamilton's unpublished illustrations -- see McClelland 1839:221 [ref. 2923]. •Objective synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

hawaiiensis, Moringua Snyder [J. O.] 1904:517, Pl. 3 (fig. 6) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 4149] Honolulu reef, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50865. Type catalog: Smith 1994:13 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Moringua ferruginea Bliss 1883 or possibly valid -- (Mundy 2005:111 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Moringua hawaiiensis Snyder 1904 -- (Randall 2007:70 [ref. 30952]). •Synonym with question as Moringua gutherina (McClelland 1844) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Moringua hawaiiensis Snyder 1904. Moringuidae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands, Johnston Island and probably Easter Island and other polynesian islands. Habitat: marine.

intermedius, Aphthalmichthys Ogilby [J. D.] 1907:9 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 20; ref. 3282] Northern coast of Australia (probably Darwin, Northern Territory). Holotype: MAMU (apparently lost). •Synonym of Moringua ferruginea Bliss 1883 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:111 [ref. 12442], Larson & Williams 1997:346 [ref. 23967], Paxton et al. 2006:239 [ref. 28995]). •Synonym of Moringua guthriana (McClelland 1844) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua ferruginea Bliss 1883. Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

javanicus, Aphthalmichthys Kaup [J. J.] 1856:105, Pl. 14 (fig. 71) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 3687 (1) or 3808 (1), BMNH (1). •Valid as Moringua javanica (Kaup 1856) -- (Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:21 [ref. 6441], Castle 1986:187 [ref. 5644], Paxton et al. 1989:111 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:5 [ref. 13251], Kottelat et al. 1993:10 [ref. 23448], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:64 [ref. 22017], Myers 1999:41 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:39 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:193 [ref. 25086], Smith in Randall & Lim 2000:584 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:6 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:193 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:22 [ref. 26830], Heemstra et al. 2004:3317 [ref. 27945], Paxton et al. 2006:239 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2009:14 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:71 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:251 [ref. 32706], Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:16 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Miesen et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34492], Fricke et al. 2018:32 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Moringua javanica (Kaup 1856). Moringuidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Mariana Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and Loyalty Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

latebrosa, Moringua Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:95, Fig. 20a [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Kwandang, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): USNM 76772. Type catalog: Smith 1994:13 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

linearis, Moringua Gray [J. E.] 1831:no page number, Pl. 95 (fig. 3) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] India: Ganges. Holotype (unique): lost. Published about 25 Jan. 1831. •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

lumbriciformis, Moringua Kaup [J. J.] 1856:107 [70] [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] India. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2008.4.21.3. •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

lumbricoidea, Moringua Richardson [J.] 1845:113, Pl. 56 (figs. 7-11) [Ichthyology.--Part 3. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur.; ref. 20575] No locality (probably China). Holotype: BMNH 2015.6.19.1 Reeves coll. •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822)-- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

lumbricoides, Moringua Gray [J. E.] in Kaup 1856:107 [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Not available, name mentioned in synonymy of Moringua lumbricoides of Kaup. Moringuidae.

macrocephalus, Aphthalmichthys Bleeker [P.] 1863:165 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 1; ref. 17003] Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1867.11.28.276 (1) Timor. •Questionably a synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Moringua macrocephalus (Bleeker 1863) -- (Kuang in Pan et al. 1991:64 [ref. 23876], Zhang et al. 2010:222 [ref. 31511] as Moringua macrocephala, Ho et al. 2015:150 [ref. 34130]). Current status: Valid as Moringua macrocephalus (Bleeker 1863). Moringuidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

macrochir, Moringua Bleeker [P.] 1853:124 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16900] Ambon, Indonesia; Cauer, Sumatra. Syntypes (2): out of RMNH 7182 (1) Cauer, ?7183 (many); BMNH 1867.11.28.306 (1) Ambon. Kottelat 2013 has this under Bleeker 1855:71; with different type. •Valid as Moringua macrochir Bleeker 1853 -- (Dingerkus & Séret 1992:175 [ref. 22392], Zhang et al. 2010:221 [ref. 31511], Fricke et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:71 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989], Ho et al. 2015:150 [ref. 34130] with question, Fricke et al. 2018:32 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Moringua macrochir Bleeker 1853. Moringuidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Phoenix and Line islands. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Anguilla (Pterurus) Swainson [W.] 1839:334 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Ganges, India. Holotype: lost. Based on Ham. p. 25 -- which is Hamilton 1822:25 [ref. 2031]. Unneeded new name for Muraena raitaborus Hamilton 1822. •Objective synonym of Moringua raitaborus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

mayeri, Mayerina Silvester [C. F.] 1915:214 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book No. 14; ref. 4027] Sand flats around mangrove swamp west of Guanica Harbor, Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea. Holotype: PU 3073 (apparently lost). Paratypes: PU 3126 (1). Originally published as Mayerina mayeri, but later published and figured as new as Aphthalmichthys mayeri in Silvester 1918:19 [ref. 15257]. •Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889) -- (Smith 1989:67 [ref. 13285], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:129 [ref. 25013] in genus Aphthalmichthys). Current status: Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889). Moringuidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

medius, Ptyobranchus McClelland [J.] 1844:223 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Not available, name only; appeared under Ptyobranchus brevis as, "probably the young of P. medius." •In the synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae.

microchir, Moringua Bleeker [P.] 1853:124 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16900] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia; Cauer, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1867.11.28.295 (1) Ambon; RMNH 7182 (1) Cauer, 7183 (many). •Valid as Moringua microchir Bleeker 1853 -- (Castle 1986:188 [ref. 5644], Paxton et al. 1989:112 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:5 [ref. 13251], Kottelat et al. 1993:10 [ref. 23448], Myers 1999:41 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:39 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:193 [ref. 25086], Allen 2000:95 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:193 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:22 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S94 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:610 [ref. 27495], Paxton et al. 2006:239 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2011:349 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:72 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:17 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34492], Motomura et al. 2017:28 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:32 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Moringua microchir Bleeker 1853. Moringuidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to southern Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mucronatus, Neoconger Girard [C. F.] 1858:171 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 10; ref. 1813] St. Joseph Island, Texas, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 861. Paralectotypes: MCZ 36006 [ex USNM 861] (1), USNM 204928 [ex USNM 861] (3). Type catalog: Smith 1994:14 [ref. 21917]. See also Girard 1859:77 [ref. 13405]. Lectotype selected by Smith & Castle 1972:200 [ref. 21919]. •Valid as Neoconger mucronatus Girard 1858 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:51 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:80 [ref. 25518], Smith 1989:60 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:701 [ref. 13285], McAllister 1990:46 [ref. 14674], Cervigón 1991:31 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:32 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:225 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:46 [ref. 24221] as mocronatus, Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:147 [ref. 27754], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27192], Smith 2003:696 [ref. 26989], Nelson et al. 2004:60 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:60 [ref. 32708], Melo & Caires 2016:2 [ref. 34981] with question). Current status: Valid as Neoconger mucronatus Girard 1858. Moringuidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

multidentatus, Ptyobranchus McClelland [J.] 1844:201, 203, 223, Pl. 9 (fig. 4) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Bengal, India. No types known. Spelled multidentata on pp. 201 and 203, as multidentatus on p. 223 (the later correctly formed). •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

oculata, Rataboura Fowler [H. W.] 1934:278, Fig. 39 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Tifu Bay, Buru Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype: USNM 92352. Type catalog: Smith 1994:14 [ref. 21917]. •Questionably a synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

parvidentatus, Ptyobranchus McClelland [J.] 1844:202, 203, 223, Pl. 9 (fig. 5) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Bengal, India. Syntypes: SMF 963 (1). Spelled parvidentata on pp. 202 and 203, as parvidentatus on p. 223; the later correctly formed. •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

penni, Moringua Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:96, Fig. 20b [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: USNM 130660. Paratypes: USNM 52040 (1). Type catalog: Smith 1994:13-14 [ref. 21917]. •Valid as Moringua penni Schultz 1953 -- (Roberts 1978:26 [ref. 8886], Fricke et al. 2014:17 [ref. 33932]). •Questionably a synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 19=822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Moringua penni Schultz 1953. Moringuidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

raitaborua, Muraena Hamilton [F.] 1822:25, 364 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ganges River basin, India. No types known. Unpublished drawing shown in Gray, 1831, v. 1, pl. 19. •Valid as Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:45 [ref. 24860] as rataboura, Talwar & Jhingran 1991:77 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:10 [ref. 23448], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662] as raitabarua, Ataur Rahman 2003:58 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:45 [ref. 29923], Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34492], Bleher 2018:74 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean drainages: India and Nepal and Bangladesh (and possibly China, Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea, etc. on Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

robusta, Moringua Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1923:185, Pl. 7 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 23 (no. 2); ref. 2117] Dumaguete, Oriental Negros, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP 9664 (presumed destroyed). •Questionably a synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

sanchezi, Merinthichthys Howell Rivero [L.] 1934:343, Fig. 3 [Memorias de la Sociedad Cubana de Historia Natural v. 8 (no. 6); ref. 3767] Matanzas, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 33453. •Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889) -- (Smith 1989:68 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889). Moringuidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

semperviridens, Moringua McCann [C.] 1967:211, Figs. 1-3 [Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Zoology v. 8 (no. 20); ref. 7975] Edge of reef flat at south end of Tauhunu Island, northern Cook Islands. Holotype (unique): NZOI 20. •Questionably a synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

socialis, Moringua Günther [A.] 1910:406, Pl. 169 (fig. A) [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 6 (no. 17); ref. 14460] Society Islands. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

torrei, Chrinorhinus Howell Rivero [L.] 1932:9 [Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club v. 13; ref. 3765] Sand banks in front of La Chorrera, Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 32786. •Synonym of Neoconger mucronatus Girard 1858 -- (Smith 1989:60 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Neoconger mucronatus Girard 1858. Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

tuberculatus, Leptocephalus Castle [P. H. J.] 1965:131, Fig. 1 (F-H) [Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Zoology v. 7 (no. 7); ref. 9203] Manly Beach, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA. 2477. Paratypes: AMS I.32237-001 [ex IA.2477] (1). •Valid as Neoconger tuberculatus (Castle 1965) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:112 [ref. 12442], Smith 1989:60 [ref. 13285], Smith 1999:1638 [ref. 24661], Paxton et al. 2006:240 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Valid as Neoconger tuberculatus (Castle 1965). Moringuidae. Distribution: New South Wales, Australia (leptocephalus larvae). Habitat: marine.

vermiformis, Neoconger Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:57 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Off northwestern Mexico, Gulf of California, Mexico, 30°21'00"N, 114°25'15"W, Albatross station 3035, depth 30 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 44292. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 22 (3), USNM 125074 (8). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:48-49 [ref. 12291], Smith 1994:14 [ref. 21917]. Lectotype selected by Smith & Castle 1972:200 [ref. 21919]. •Valid as Neoconger vermiformis Gilbert 1890 -- (Smith 1989:60 [ref. 13285], Bussing & López S. 1994:44 [ref. 23101], Page et al. 2013:60 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Neoconger vermiformis Gilbert 1890. Moringuidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

wui, Aphthalmichthys Fang [P.-W.] 1942:80 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 67; ref. 13123] Foochow [Fuzhou], Fukien [Fujian], China. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1941-0121. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:97-98 [ref. 20810]. •Questionably a synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.