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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Muraenesocidae: [ 41 ] records


alba, Muraena totacinerea var. Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:22 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. No types known. Species originally as tota cinerea. Name only, as a variety of Muraena totacinerea without separate description; not available. Muraenesocidae.

angustidens, Congrus Richardson [J.] 1848:110 [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] China. Holotype (unique): BMNH (stuffed) apparently lost. •Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Zhang et al. 2010:290 [ref. 31511] with genus as Conger, Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

arabica, Muraena Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:488 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P31250 (dry skin). Unneeded replacement name for Muraena cinerea Forsskål 1775 -- (Fricke 2008:15 [ref. 30182]). •Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:31 [ref. 29757], Carpenter et al. 1997:109 [ref. 23922], Fricke 2008:15 [ref. 30182], Zhang et al. 2010:291 [ref. 31511] with author as Fowler 1929, Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aurea, Muraenesox McClelland [J.] 1844:183 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Vizagapatam, India. No types known. Based on Russell, Indian Fishes, no. 36. Muraenesocidae. Habitat: marine.

bagio, Muraena Hamilton [F.] 1822:24, 364 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ganges River estuaries, India. No types known. •Valid as Muraenesox bagio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:29 [ref. 6441], Castle 1986:188 [ref. 5644], Paxton et al. 1989:145 [ref. 12442], Ataur Rahman 1989:46 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:91 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:9 [ref. 23448], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:83 [ref. 22017], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:168 [ref. 27969] with author as Hamilton-Buchanan, Larson & Williams 1997:347 [ref. 23967], Fricke 1999:71 [ref. 24106], Smith 1999:1676 [ref. 24661], Nakabo 2000:235 [ref. 25086], Smith in Randall & Lim 2000:586 [ref. 25122], Johnson 2001:722 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:235 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S96 [ref. 27377], Khan 2003:6 [ref. 27710], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:19 [ref. 27712], Ataur Rahman 2003:61[ref. 31338], Paxton et al. 2006:283 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2009:21 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2011:353 [ref. 31342], Larson et al. 2013:29 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:23 [ref. 33932], Parin et al. 2014:49 [ref. 33547], Psomadakis et al. 2015:151 [ref. 34104], Ho et al. 2015:151 [ref. 34130], Motomura et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:48 [ref. 35805], Hibino in Kimura et al. 2018:32 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:59 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Muraenesox bagio (Hamilton 1822). Muraenesocidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Durban (South Africa), East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Samoa, north to southern Yellow Sea, Kuril Islands, south to Western Australia at 27°42'S, New South Wales (Australia) at 34°53'S and New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bazi, Muraenophis Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1844:203 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Not available, Hamilton name on a drawing mentioned under Muraenesox hamiltonii; originally genus as Muraeophis; from Vishakhapatnam [Vizagapatam], India. Muraenesocidae.

bengalensis, Muraenesox McClelland [J.] 1844:182 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Bengal, India. No types known. •Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: marine.

brasiliensis, Conger Ranzani [C.] 1839:79 [15], Pl. 13 (figs. 1a-b) [Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Instituti Bononiensis v. 4 [1840]; ref. 18606] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MZUB 987. Appeared first without description as Ranzani in Alessandrini 1838:433 [ref. 25852]. Dates to publication in a separate, on p. 15 and Pl. 6 in 1839; journal version in 1840. •Synonym of Cynoponticus savanna (Bancroft 1831) -- (Smith 1989:437 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Cynoponticus savanna (Bancroft 1831). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brevicuspis, Congrus Richardson [J.] 1848:111 [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] No locality. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2008.4.21.4. •Valid as Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: marine.

cinerea, Muraena Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:22, x [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P31250 (dry skin). Type information: Nielsen 1974:53 [ref. 9588]. As Muraena cinerea on p. x, Muraena tota cinerea on p. 22. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 1 [ref. 20847]. Dor 1984:32 selected cinerea. •Valid as Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:31 [ref. 29757], Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:29 [ref. 6441], Bauchot & Saldanha in Whitehead et al. 1986:561 [ref. 13676], Kuang & Yu in Kuang et al. 1986:30 [ref. 26639], Paxton et al. 1989:145 [ref. 12442], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:92 [ref. 20764], Baranes & Golani 1993:303 [ref. 22372], Kottelat et al. 1993:9 [ref. 23448], Klausewitz 1994:464 [ref. 23564], Goren & Dor 1994:8 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:60 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:169 [ref. 27969], Carpenter et al. 1997:109 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:19 [ref. 26476], Cheng & Zhou 1997:99 [ref. 26385], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:7 [ref. 24670], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Smith 1999:1677 [ref. 24661], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:234 [ref. 24754], Nakabo 2000:235 [ref. 25086], Smith in Randall & Lim 2000:586 [ref. 25122], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:184 [ref. 25703], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Wang et al. 2001:188 [ref. 26566], Nakabo 2002:235 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:145, 492 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S96 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:612 [ref. 27495], Fricke 2008:15 [ref. 30182], Zhang et al. 2010:290 [ref. 31511] with author as Forskål, Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:25 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:411 [ref. 33460], Parin et al. 2014:49 [ref. 33547], Hibino in Kimura et al. 2015:12 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2015:151 [ref. 34104], Ho et al. 2015:151 [ref. 34130], Motomura et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:305 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:48 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:24 [ref. 36273], Hibino in Kimura et al. 2018:32 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:60 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775). Muraenesocidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf and Madagascar east to Mariana Islands, north to China, south to northern Australia; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

coniceps, Muraenesox Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:348 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 237); ref. 2470] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Lectotype: USNM 29212. Paralectotypes: USNM 28136 (1, lost), 28141 (1, lost), 329626 [ex 29212, not 28212 as published] (1). Type catalog: Smith 1994:14 [ref. 21917]. Described from 1 specimen, but two more catalog numbers given in main heading; regarded by Smith as syntypes; lectotype selected by Smith 1994:14 [ref. 21917]. •Valid as Cynoponticus coniceps (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Smith 1989:437 [ref. 13285], Allen & Robertson 1994:57 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:40 [ref. 23101], Smith in Fischer et al. 1995:1301 [ref. 22830], Franke & Acero P. 1996:764 [ref. 22923], Ruiz-Campos et al. 1998:146 [ref. 24070], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:131 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:64 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:64 [ref. 32708], González-Murcia et al. 2019:289 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Cynoponticus coniceps (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Muraenesocidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

curvidens, Congrus Richardson [J.] 1848:111 [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Locality unknown; BMNH register says "West Indies: Caribbean Sea" which seems unlikely. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1843.2.1.14 (dry). •Questionably a synonym of Cynoponticus savanna (Bancroft 1831) -- (Smith 1989:437 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Uncertain as Cynoponticus savanna (Bancroft 1831). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

exodentata, Muraenesox McClelland [J.] 1844:180, 203, 210, Pl. 8 (fig. 4) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Bay of Bengal near the islands on the Arracan coast. Spelled Muraenesox exodontata on p. 203. •Questionably a synonym of Congresox talabon (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 213:48 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Congresox talabon (Cuvier 1829). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: marine.

exodon, Muraenesox McClelland [J.] 1843:409 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 2927] Arrakan, Malay coast. No types known. •Questionably a synonym of Congresox exodon (McCullamd 1844) -- (Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Congresox exodon (McClelland 1844). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: marine.

ferox, Cynoponticus Costa [O. G.] 1846:Cynoponticus p. 10, Pl. 28 (figs. 1-6) [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Ischia Island, Gulf of Naples, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Valid as Cynoponticus ferox Costa 1846 -- (Blache et al. 1973:235 [ref. 7185], Bauchot & Saldanha in Whitehead et al. 1986:560 [ref. 13676], Smith 1989:437 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:161 [ref. 13454], Smith 2016:1673 [ref. 34556]). Current status: Valid as Cynoponticus ferox Costa 1846. Muraenesocidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea and Gibraltar south to Angola. Habitat: marine.

flava, Muraena tota cinerea var. Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:22 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Species originally as tota cinerea. Name only, as a variety of Muraena tota cinerea without separate description (from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea); not available. •Synonym of Murenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:15 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: marine.

hamiltonii, Muraenesox McClelland [J.] 1844:182, 203, 210, Pl. 8 (fig. 3) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Bengal, India. No types known. Spelled hamiltoniae on p. 182 but as hamiltonii on p. 203, p. 210, and in index. Eschmeyer as first revisor selected hamiltonii. •Synonym of Muraenesox bagio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Muraenesox bagio (Hamilton 1822). Muraenesocidae. Distribution: India. Habitat: marine.

hamo, Conger Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:262, Pl. 114 (fig. 2) [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Southwestern coast of Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 2029 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: ?RMNH D2031 (1, dry), D2039 (1, dry), D2354 (1, dry), 3700 (2 heads). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:189 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: marine.

lanceolata, Muraenesox McClelland [J.] 1844:181, 210 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Bengal, India. •Questionably as synonym of Congresox talabon (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989] with a different reference). Current status: Synonym of Congresox talabon (Cuvier 1829). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: marine.

leptognathus, Conger Bleeker [P.] 1858:27, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 3 (art. 10); ref. 360] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1867.11.28.295 (1) Nagasaki. •Valid as Oxyconger leptognathus (Bleeker 1858) -- (Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:29 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:145 [ref. 12442], Smith 1999:1672 [ref. 24661], Nakabo 2000:235 [ref. 25086], Smith in Randall & Lim 2000:586 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:293 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:235 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:145, 493 [ref. 26218], Paxton et al. 2006:283 [ref. 28995], Zhang et al. 2010:298 [ref. 31511], Ho et al. 2015:151 [ref. 34130], Hoschke et al. 2019:153 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Oxyconger leptognathus (Bleeker 1858). Muraenesocidae. Distribution: Western Pacific, antitropical; southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

limbatus, Conger Castelnau [F. L.] 1855:83, Pl. 43 (fig. 3) [Animaux nouveaux or rares v. 2; ref. 766] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8458. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:117 [ref. 20810]. •Synonym of Cynoponticus savanna (Bancroft 1831) -- (Smith 1989:437 [ref. 13285], Bauchot et al. 1993:117 [ref. 20810]). Current status: Synonym of Cynoponticus savanna (Bancroft 1831). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

longirostris, Conger Anonymous [Bennett [E. T.]] 1830:692 [Memoir of the life and public services of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles; ref. 259] Sumatra, Indonesia. On Code recommendation 51D, the anonymous author is listed in square brackets. •Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: marine.

microps, Gavialiceps Alcock [A. W.] 1889:461 [37] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 4 (no. 24); ref. 20525] Bay of Bengal, channel south of Andaman Islands, Investigator station 4, depth 1045 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F11662. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:135 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:36 [ref. 22148]. On p. 37 of separate. Muraenesocidae. Habitat: marine.

moniliger, Conger Bleeker [P.] 1864:124 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 2; ref. 13923] Not available, museum name mentioned in passing in synonymy of Muraenesox bagio. •In the synonymy of Muraenesox bagio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Muraenesox bagio (Hamilton 1822). Muraenesocidae.

myrus, Muraena Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:20 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.171 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:215 [ref. 13434]. •Synonym of Muraenesox ferox (Costa 1850) -- (Wheeler 1958:215 [ref. 13434]). •Synonym of Cynoponticus ferox Costa 1846. Current status: Synonym of Cynoponticus ferox Costa 1846. Muraenesocidae. Habitat: marine.

oxyrhynchus, Conger Eydoux [J. F. T.] & Souleyet [F. A.] 1850:203, Pl. 9 (fig. 2) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 4501] Macao, China. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8454. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:117 [ref. 20810]. •With question a synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kottelat 2013:49 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pristis, Muraenesox Kaup [J. J.] 1856:74 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 22 (pt. 1); ref. 2572] Asia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8445 (1) Malabar; RMNH (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:118 [ref. 20810]. Also in Kaup 1856:116 [ref. 2573]. •Synonym of Congresox talabonoides (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Congresox talabonoides (Bleeker 1852). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

protervus, Congrus Richardson [J.] 1848:110 [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Locality unknown. BMNH 2008.4.9.8 (head only). •Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: marine.

regani, Phyllogramma Pellegrin [J.] 1934:47, Fig. 2 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 59; ref. 3414] Port Etienne, Mauritania. Holotype: MNHN 1922-0006. Paratypes: BMNH (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:117-118 [ref. 20810]. •Synonym of Cynoponticus ferox Costa 1846 -- (Blache et al. 1973:235 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:161 [ref. 13454], Smith 2016:1673 [ref. 34556]). Current status: Synonym of Cynoponticus ferox Costa 1846. Muraenesocidae. Habitat: marine.

rostratus, Ophisurus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:242, Pl. 51 (fig. 1) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Rawak Island, Bismarck Archipelago. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8788 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:118 [ref. 20810]. •Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: marine.

rubra, Muraena totacinerea var. Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:22 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. No types known. Species originally as tota cinerea. Name only, as a variety of Muraena totacinerea without separate description; not available. Muraenesocidae.

savanna, Conger Bancroft [E. N.] 1831:135 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 15966] Jamaica. Holotype: BMNH 1855.12.8.1. Appeared as Conger savanna? with reference to undescribed Muraena savanna Cuvier. Sometimes authorship given as Cuvier 1819; see Muraena savanna. Holotype from James Maclaine 17 Aug. 2015. •Valid as Cynoponticus savanna (Bancroft 1831) -- (Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:115 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:59 [ref. 23100], Smith 1989:437 [ref. 13285], Cervigón 1991:71 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:365 [ref. 23827], Andreata & Séret 1996:582 [ref. 16204], Aguilera 1998:46 [ref. 24221], Camargo & Isaac 2001:139 [ref. 27639], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27192], Smith 2003:738 [ref. 26989], Pinheiro et al. 2015:7 [ref. 34324], Spier et al. 2018:6 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Cynoponticus savanna (Bancroft 1831). Muraenesocidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

savanna, Muraena Cuvier [G.] 1829:350 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Not available, in footnote as, "La savanne de la Martinique (M. savanna, N.)" but no tie to a literature citation; dates to Conger savanna Bancroft 1831 -- (Smith 1989:437 [ref. 13285]). Muraenesocidae.

serradentata, Muraenesox McClelland [J.] 1843:409 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 2927] Bengal, India. Based on Russell's Ophidum talabon, Indian Fishes no. 38, 1803:27, Pl. 38.. •Junior objective synonym of Muraena talabon (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Congresox talabon (Cuvier 1829). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: marine.

singaporensis, Conger Bleeker [P.] 1852:21 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 25 (art. 5); ref. 339] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia; Singapore. Syntypes: (2). Appeared first without distinguishing features in Bleeker 1852:59 [ref. 16832]. The spelling singapurensis in Bleeker 1864:25 [ref. 4860] is an unjustified emendation or a misspelling. •Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kottelat 2013:49 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: marine.

talabon, Conger Cuvier [G.] 1829:350 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Vizagapatnam, India. No types known. Spelled talabou, but correct spelling is talabon, code art. 33.3.1. •Valid as Congresox talabon (Cuvier 1829) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:49 [ref. 24860] as telabon, Talwar & Jhingran 1991:89 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:9 [ref. 23448], Smith 1999:1676 [ref. 24661], Smith in Randall & Lim 2000:586 [ref. 25122], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S96 [ref. 27377], Khan 2003:6 [ref. 27710] with author as Hamilton-Buchanan, Ataur Rahman 2003:63 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:33 [ref. 32989], Ho et al. 2015:150 [ref. 34130] with question). •Valid as Muraenesox talabon (Cuvier 1829) -- (Zhang et al. 2010:297 [ref. 31511]). Current status: Valid as Congresox talabon (Cuvier 1829). Muraenesocidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

talabonoides, Conger Bleeker [P.] 1852:20 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 25 (art. 5); ref. 339] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1867.11.28.245 (1), NMV 46509 (1). Original as talabonoïdes. •Valid as Muraenesox talabonoides (Bleeker 1852) -- (Chen et al. 1997:20 [ref. 26476] dated 1857, Zhang et al. 2010:295 [ref. 31511]). •Valid as Congresox talabonoides (Bleeker 1852) -- (Dor 1984:31 [ref. 29757] as talabanoides, Ataur Rahman 1989:48 [ref. 24860] as telabonoides, Talwar & Jhingran 1991:89 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:9 [ref. 23448], Goren & Dor 1994:7 [ref. 25356] as talabanoides, Smith 1999:1676 [ref. 24661], Smith in Randall & Lim 2000:586 [ref. 25122], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S96 [ref. 27377], Ataur Rahman 2003:63 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989] dated 1852, Psomadakis et al. 2015:150 [ref. 34104], Golani & Fricke 2018:24 [ref. 36273], Suresh et al. 2018:58 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Congresox talabonoides (Bleeker 1852). Muraenesocidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, north to Taiwan. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tinayrei, Gavialiceps Zugmayer [E.] 1914:3 [Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique (Monaco) No. 288; ref. 4848] Off Coast of Morocco, station 3082, depth 0-4000 meters. Holotype (unique): MOM (not found in 1995). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: marine.

tricuspidata, Muraenesox McClelland [J.] 1843:409, Pl. 24 (fig. 1) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 2927] Chusan Island and Ningo China; Bengal, India. No types known. •Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Zhang et al. 2010:290 [ref. 31511] as Congres [sic] tricuspidata Richardson 1844, Kottelat 2013:48 [ref. 32989] dated to 1844). Current status: Synonym of Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål 1775). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vorax, Sauromuraenesox Alcock [A. W.] 1889:458 [34] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 4 (no. 24); ref. 20525] Bay of Bengal, 20°17'30"N, 88°51'E, Investigator station 14, depth 193 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F11672. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:133 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:36 [ref. 22148]. On p. 34 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1892: Pl. 6 (fig. 3) [ref. 20531]. •Valid as Sauromuraenesox vorax Alcock 1889 -- (Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S96 [ref. 27377], Smith et al. 2017:43 [ref. 36260]). Current status: Valid as Sauromuraenesox vorax Alcock 1889. Muraenesocidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Oman east to Bay of Bengal. Habitat: marine.

yamaguchiensis, Muraenesox Katayama [M.] & Takai [T.] 1954:97, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 3; ref. 12653] Kudamatsu fish market, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: NSMT [ex Katayama's Fish Coll. 1764] (not seen). Paratypes: Katayama's Fish Coll. 1752-1756 (5), 1757 (1), 1758-1763 (6), 1806-1807 (2), 1811 (1). •Valid as Muraenesox yamaguchiensis Katayama & Takai 1954 -- (Zheng et al. 1989:36 [ref. 21202], Zhang et al. 2010:294 [ref. 31511]). •Synonym of Muraenesox bagio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ho et al. 2015:151 [ref. 34130]). Current status: Synonym of Muraenesox bagio (Hamilton 1822). Muraenesocidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.