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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Notacanthidae: [ 36 ] records


abbotti, Notacanthus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:267, Fig. 28 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Camp Overton Light, northern Mindanao, Philippines, Bohol Sea, western Pacific, Albatross station 5510, 8°16'00"N, 124°03'50"E, depth 423 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 92349. Paratypes: USNM 93351-53 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Smith 1994:41-42 [ref. 21917]. •Valid as Notacanthus abbotti Fowler 1934 -- (McDowell 1973:190 [ref. 24539], Machida in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:109, 327 [ref. 8057], Uyeno in Masuda et al. 1984:32 [ref. 6441], Smith 1999:1628 [ref. 24661], Nakabo 2000:191 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:191 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:399 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:110 [ref. 28379], Zhang et al. 2010:382 [ref. 31511], Mundy at al. 2011:267 [ref. 31454], Stewart & Struthers 2015:213 [ref. 34231]). Current status: Valid as Notacanthus abbotti Fowler 1934. Notacanthidae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Philippines, Taiwan, China, Japan, New Zealand region and Hawaiian Ridge. Habitat: marine.

africana, Macdonaldia Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & von Bonde [C.] 1924:11, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa v. 3 (no. 7) (1922); ref. 1649] Off Table Bay, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic, Pickle station 524, depth 1220 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAM 21918. •Valid as Polyacanthonotus africanus (Gilchrist & von Bonde 1924) -- (McDowell 1973:164 [ref. 24539], Sulak 1986:196 [ref. 5720], Sulak 1990:135 [ref. 19326]). •Synonym of Polyacanthonotus challengeri (Vaillant 1888) -- (Crabtree et al. 1985:235 [ref. 9483], Sulak in Whitehead et al. 1986:601 [ref. 13676], Gon 1990:100 [ref. 21680], Smith 2016:1603 [ref. 34556] as africanus). Current status: Synonym of Polyacanthonotus challengeri (Vaillant 1888). Notacanthidae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

alta, Macdonaldia Gill [T. N.] & Townsend [C. H.] 1897:232 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 11; ref. 1749] Bering Sea, 54°54'00"N, 168°59'00"W, Albatross station 3604, depth 1401 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 48774. Type catalog: Smith 1994:41 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Polyacanthonotus africana (Gilchrist & von Bonde 1924) -- (McDowell 1973:173 [ref. 24539]). •Synonym of Polyacanthonotus challengeri (Vaillant 1888) -- (Gon 1990:100 [ref. 21680], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:118 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2014:47 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Polyacanthonotus challengeri (Vaillant 1888). Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

analis, Notacanthus Gill [T. N.] 1883:255 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 6 (no. 380); ref. 1724] Off New England, U.S.A., 40°02'00"N, 68°50'30"W, Albatross station 2048, depth 547 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 33327. Type catalog: Smith 1994:42 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch 1788 -- (McDowell 1973:204 [ref. 24539] as chemnitzi, Sulak 1990:134 [ref. 19326], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:118 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Synonym of Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch 1788. Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

annectens, Notacanthus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:167, Pl. 11 [Marine Investigations in South Africa 1902, v. 2 (no. 11); ref. 5757] Off Cape Peninsula, Table Mountain. bearing N 79°E, South Africa, depth 250 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1903.1.29.15 [ex SAM]. Additional material: SAM 12066 (3). •Synonym of Notacanthus sexspinis Richardson 1846 -- (McDowell 1973:186 [ref. 24539], Sulak 1986:195 [ref. 5720]). Current status: Synonym of Notacanthus sexspinis Richardson 1846. Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

attenuatus, Leptocephalus Castle [P. H. J.] 1964:79, Fig. 1 (H-I) [Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Zoology v. 5 (no. 7); ref. 1590] South Fiji basin, 32°00'S, 177°35'E, depth 1830 meters wire out. Holotype (unique): NMNZ P.3385. Type catalog: Hardy 1990:7 [ref. 18942]. •A larval halosaurid -- (Paulin et al. 1989:249 [ref. 24556]). •A notacanthiform in genus Tiluropsis Roule 1911 -- (Smith 1989:957 [ref. 13285]). Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

bonaparte, Notacanthus Risso [A.] 1840:376, Pl. 10 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 6 (pt. 1); ref. 18638] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. As bonapartii in Günther 1887:249 [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Notacanthus bonapartei [sic] [bonaparte is acceptable] Risso 1840 -- (McDowell 1973:191 [ref. 24539], Wheeler 1973:256 [ref. 7190], Sulak in Whitehead et al. 1986:600 [ref. 13676], Sulak 1990:133 [ref. 19326], Goren & Galil 1997:199 [ref. 23058] as bonapartei, Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:30 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:22 [ref. 29533], Hartel et al. 2008:319 [ref. 29890] as bonapartei, Lipej & Dulčić 2010:17 [ref. 36649], Mundy at al. 2011:269 [ref. 31454], Deval 2013:310 [ref. 33114], Goren & Galil 2015:517 [ref. 33910], Bañón et al. 2016:304 [ref. 34397], Smith 2016:1603 [ref. 34556]). Current status: Valid as Notacanthus bonaparte Risso 1840. Notacanthidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Iceland and Faroes south to Mauritania. Habitat: marine.

challengeri, Notacanthus Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:388 [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] South of Tokyo, 34°37'N, 140°32'E. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.247. •Synonym of Polyacanthonotus africana (Gilchrist & von Bonde 1924) -- (McDowell 1973:173 [ref. 24539]). •Valid as Polyacanthonotus challengeri (Vaillant 1888) -- (Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1983:73, 177 [ref. 8379], Uyeno in Masuda et al. 1984:32 [ref. 6441], Crabtree et al. 1985:235 [ref. 9483], Sulak in Whitehead et al. 1986:601 [ref. 13676], Lea & Rosenblatt 1987:51 [ref. 23112], Matarese et al. 1989:34 [ref. 26885], Paulin et al. 1989:66 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:45 [ref. 14674], Gon 1990:100 [ref. 21680], Shinohara et al. 1996:154 [ref. 26605], Smith 1999:1628 [ref. 24661], Nakabo 2000:191 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:16 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:118 [ref. 25968], Shinohara et al. 2001:292 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:191 [ref. 26001], Smith 2003:689 [ref. 26989], Moore et al. 2003:172 [ref. 27076], Parin et al. 2014:47 [ref. 33547], Stewart & Struthers 2015:216 [ref. 34231], Smith 2016:1603 [ref. 34556]). Current status: Valid as Polyacanthonotus challengeri (Vaillant 1888). Notacanthidae. Distribution: Mostly antitropical, all oceans. Habitat: marine.

chemnitzii, Notacanthus Bloch [M. E.] 1788:278, Pl. 1 [Abhandlungen der Böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften v. 3 [for 1787]; ref. 466] Nordmeer [Iceland, North Atlantic]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 1409 (poor condition). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:106 [ref. 24282]. •Valid as Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch 1788 [often incorrectly as chemnitzi] -- (McDowell 1973:191 [ref. 24539], Wheeler 1973:256 [ref. 7190], Sakamoto in Amaoka et al. 1983:71, 176 [ref. 8379], Uyeno in Masuda et al. 1984:32 [ref. 6441], Sulak in Whitehead et al. 1986:600 [ref. 13676], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:62 [ref. 14235], Robins & Ray 1986:66 [ref. 23100], Lea & Rosenblatt 1987:51 [ref. 23112], Scott & Scott 1988:99 [ref. 25518], Matarese et al. 1989:34 [ref. 26885], Paxton et al. 1989:150 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:27 [ref. 14125], Golovan et al. 1989:77 [ref. 14113], Paulin et al. 1989:66 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:45 [ref. 14674], Sulak 1990:134 [ref. 19326], Gomon et al. 1994:218 [ref. 22532], Okamura & Takahashi in Okamura et al. 1995:61 [ref. 22531], Shinohara et al. 1996:154 [ref. 26605] as chemnitzi, McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:217 [ref. 23897], Trunov 1999:461 [ref. 24579], Smith 1999:1628 [ref. 24661], Nakabo 2000:191 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:16 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:119 [ref. 25968], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:191 [ref. 26001], Smith 2003:689 [ref. 26989], Moore et al. 2003:172 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:59 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:110 [ref. 28379] (missidentified = abbotti), Duhamel et al. 2005:86 [ref. 32059], Paxton et al. 2006:233 [ref. 28995], Smith 2008:185 [ref. 30621], Møller et al. 2010:19 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:117 [ref. 31212], Mundy at al. 2011:269 [ref. 31454], Page et al. 2013:59 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:46 [ref. 33547], Stewart & Struthers 2015:214 [ref. 34231], Afonso et al. 2016:13, 234 [ref. 36199], Nión et al. 2016:24 [ref. 35565], Smith 2016:1603 [ref. 34556], Robertson et al. 2017:30 [ref. 35676] as cf. chemnitzii, needs investigation, Mecklenburg et al. 2018:54 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch 1788. Notacanthidae. Distribution: Possibly circumglobal and anti-tropical: Arctic Ocean; Atlantic; Pacific. Habitat: marine.

edwarsianus, Notacanthus Verany [J. B.] 1865:238 [Annales de la Société des Lettres, Sciences et Arts des Alpes-Maritimes v. 1; ref. 17883] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Not found in current literature, not in McDowell 1973 [ref. 24539]. Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

fabricii, Campylodon Reinhardt [J. C. H.] 1837:114, 120, 121 [Det Kongelige Danske videnskabernes selskabs naturvidenskabelige og mathematiske afhandlinger v. 7; ref. 3691] No types known. On pp. 32, 38 & 39 of separate. •Synonym of Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch 1788 -- (McDowell 1973:203 [ref. 24539] as chemnitzi, Wheeler 1973:256 [ref. 7190], Sulak 1990:134 [ref. 19326]). Current status: Synonym of Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch 1788. Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

fascidens, Notacanthus Matsubara [K.] 1938:131, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the Japanese Society of Scientific Fisheries v. 7 (no. 3); ref. 17158] Off Kinkazan, Myagi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 5736 (not seen in 1997). Paratypes: FAKU 5592 [or 5562] (1), 5730-35 (7). Misspelled fasciatus in literature. •Synonym of Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch 1788 -- (McDowell 1973:204 [ref. 24539] as chemnitzi, Sulak 1990:134 [ref. 19326], Gomon et al. 1994:218 [ref. 22532], Parin et al. 2014:46 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch 1788. Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

garibaldianus, Paradoxichthys Giglioli [E. H.] 1882:535 [Nature (London) v. 25 (no. 649); ref. 1618] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MZUF 5576. Type catalog: Vanni 1991:220 [ref. 20099]. •Synonym of Polyacanthonotus rissoanus (De Filippi & Verany 1857) -- (McDowell 1973:184 [ref. 24539], Wheeler 1973:257 [ref. 7190]). Current status: Synonym of Polyacanthonotus rissoanus (De Filippi & Verany 1857). Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

gegenbauri, Tilurus Kölliker [R. A. von] 1853:101 [Verhandlungen der Physikalisch-Medizinischen Gesellschaft zu Würzburg. v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 2680] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Paratypes: MNHN 0000-3415 (1),0000-2236 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:122-123 [ref. 20810]. Larval Noticanthiform. •In genus Tilurus Kölliker 1853 -- (Smith 1989:956 [ref. 13285] as gegenbaueri). Current status: Valid as Tilurus gegenbauri Kölliker 1853. Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

giganteus, Leptocephalus Castle [P. H. J.] 1959:179, Figs. 1-2 [Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 87 (pts 1-2); ref. 11986] Off South Westland, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): NMNZ P.2603. Type catalog: Hardy 1990:6 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Leptocephalus giganteus Castle 1959 -- (Nielsen & Larsen 1970:149 [ref. 23972]). •See Castle & Raju 1974:15 [ref. 772]. •A larval Notocanthiform eel -- (Smith 1989:955, 958 [ref. 13285], Paulin et al. 1989:249 [ref. 24556], Matarese et al. 1989:35 [ref. 26885]). Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

gillii, Lipogenys Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1895:469, Pl. 18 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 17 (no. 1013); ref. 1847] Western Atlantic, 37°46'30"N, 73°56'30"W, Albatross station 2742, depth 865 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 39212. Type catalog: Smith 1994:41 [ref. 21917]. Also appeared as new in Goode & Bean 1896:173 [ref. 1848]. Sometimes placed in the family Lipogenyidae. •Valid as Lipogenys gillii Goode & Bean 1895 [sometimes as gilli] -- (McDowell 1973:224 [ref. 24539], Scott & Scott 1988:98 [ref. 25518] as gilli, McAllister 1990:44 [ref. 14674] as gilli, Nakabo et al. 1991:410 [ref. 20071], Smith 1999:1629 [ref. 24661] as gilli, Nakabo 2000:190 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:190 [ref. 26001], Smith 2003:690 [ref. 26989], Moore et al. 2003:172 [ref. 27076], Paxton et al. 2006:232 [ref. 28995], Mundy at al. 2011:265 [ref. 31454], Stewart & Struthers 2015:212 [ref. 34231]). Current status: Valid as Lipogenys gillii Goode & Bean 1895. Notacanthidae. Distribution: Japan, Hawaiian Islands, Atlantic, southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

hyalinus, Oxystomus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:49, 62 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No Serrivomeridae are present in the Mediterranean Sea. •Based on a post-metamorphic Serrivomer -- (see McCosker 1977:82 [ref. 6836]). •In Nemichthyidae according to Tortonese 1970:350 [ref. 21834]. •Questionably in the genus Tilurus Kölliker 1853 -- (Smith 1989:956 [ref. 13285]). Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Notacanthus Lloyd [R. E.] 1909:153 [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 2814] Arabian Sea, 20°15'N, 69°08'28"E, Investigator station 305, depth 512 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F1019/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:136 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:37 [ref. 22148] as Notocanthus indicus. Figured in Lloyd 1909: Pl. 45 (fig. 8) [ref. 20539]. •Valid as Notacanthus indicus Lloyd 1909 -- (McDowell 1973:186 [ref. 24539], Mundy at al. 2011:269 [ref. 31454]). Current status: Valid as Notacanthus indicus Lloyd 1909. Notacanthidae. Distribution: Arabian sea. Habitat: marine.

longa, Macdonaldia Gill [T. N.] & Townsend [C. H.] 1897:232 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 11; ref. 1749] Bering Sea, 54°41'00"N, 168°01'00"'W, Albatross station 3607, depth 987 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 48775 (poor condition). Type catalog: Smith 1994:41 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Polyacanthonotus africana (Gilchrist & von Bonde 1924) -- (McDowell 1973:173 [ref. 24539]). •Synonym of Polyacanthonotus challengeri (Vaillant 1888) -- (Gon 1990:100 [ref. 21680], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:118 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2014:47 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Polyacanthonotus challengeri (Vaillant 1888). Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

macrorhynchus, Notacanthus Matsubara [K.] 1936:963, Fig. [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 48 (no. 11); ref. 13722] Kumano-Nada, Japan, depth about 150 fathoms. Holotype: FAKU 2968 (apparently lost). Paratypes: FAKU 2969 (1, apparently lost). •Synonym of Notacanthus abbotti Fowler 1934 -- (McDowell 1973:186 [ref. 24539]). Current status: Synonym of Notacanthus abbotti Fowler 1934. Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

mediterraneus, Notacanthus De Filippi [F.] & Verany [J. B.] 1857:187 [3] [Memorie / Reale accademia delle scienze di Torino (Ser. 2) v. 18; ref. 1329] Off Nice, Département des Alpes-Maritimes, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MZUT 449. Type catalog: Tortonese 1940:141 [ref. 21559]. On p. 3 of separate. •Synonym of Notacanthus bonaparte Risso 1840 -- (Wheeler 1973:256 [ref. 7190] as bonapartei, Sulak in Whitehead et al. 1986:600 [ref. 13676] as bonapartei, Sulak 1990:133 [ref. 19326] as bonapartei). Current status: Synonym of Notacanthus bonaparte Risso 1840. Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

melanoventris, Notacanthus Osório [B.] 1909:92, Pl. 1 (figs. 3-5) [Memorias do Museu Bocage, Lisboa v. 1; ref. 19378] Off Sesimbra [Cezimbra], Portugal. Holotype (unique): MB (destroyed in 1978 fire). •Synonym of Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch 1788 -- (McDowell 1973:204 [ref. 24539] as chemnitzi, Sulak 1990:134 [ref. 19326]). Current status: Synonym of Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch 1788. Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

merretti, Polyacanthonotus Sulak [K. J.], Crabtree [R. E.] & Hureau [J.-C.] 1984:59, Figs. 1-2 [Cybium v. 8 (no. 4); ref. 5143] Bahamas, 24°05'00"N, 77°23'12"W, depth 1400-1409 meters. Holotype: USNM 261461. Paratypes: AMNH 55498 (1); BMNH 1983.9.14.1 (1); FMNH 94950 (1); ISH 10-1984 (1); LACM 43615-1 (1); MCZ 51631 (1); MNHN 1984-0433 (1); UF 231539 [ex UMML 31539] (orig. 4, now 2), 234302 [ex UMML 34302] (2), 234308 [ex UMML 34308] (4); USNM 261461 [not 204217] (1); VIMS 03103 (4), 06988 (1). Additional material at MCZ, UMML, USNM, VIMS. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:68 [ref. 12367], Krefft 1987:74 [ref. 20751], Smith 1994:42 [ref. 21917]. •Valid as Polyacanthonotus merretti Sulak, Crabtree & Hureau 1984 -- (Crabtree et al. 1985:235 [ref. 9483], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:218 [ref. 23897], Smith 2003:689 [ref. 26989], Moore et al. 2003:172 [ref. 27076], Smith 2016:1604 [ref. 34556]). Current status: Valid as Polyacanthonotus merretti Sulak, Crabtree & Hureau 1984. Notacanthidae. Distribution: Eastern and western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

moseleyi, Gigliolia Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1895:465, Pl. 18 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 17 (no. 1013); ref. 1847] Southwestern coast of South America, Challenger station 310, depth 400 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH. Also appeared as new in Goode & Bean 1896:169 [ref. 1848]. Based on Notacanthus bonapartii of Günther 1880:249, Pl. 61 (fig. c) [ref. 2013]. •Synonym of Notacanthus sexspinis Richardson 1846 -- (McDowell 1973:186 [ref. 24539]). Current status: Synonym of Notacanthus sexspinis Richardson 1846. Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

nasus, Notocanthus Bloch [M. E.] 1795:113, Pl. 431 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 9; ref. 464] Iceland. Holotype (unique): ZMB 1409. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:106 [ref. 24282]. Genus should have been Notacanthus in original description. On p. 113 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 12 [ref. 21381] as Acanthonotus nasus. •Objective synonym of Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch 1788 -- (McDowell 1973:202 [ref. 24539] as chemnitzi, Wheeler 1973:256 [ref. 7190], Scott & Scott 1988:101 [ref. 25518], Sulak 1990:134 [ref. 19326]). Current status: Synonym of Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch 1788. Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

pallidus, Notacanthus mediterraneus var. Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:328, Pl. 27 (fig. 2e) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Coast of Sudan, northwestern Africa, depth 932 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1887-?0129. Not treated by McDowell 1973 [ref. 24539] or Sulak 1990 [ref. 19326]. •Synonym of Notacanthus bonaparte Risso 1840. Current status: Synonym of Notacanthus bonaparte Risso 1840. Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

phasganorus, Notacanthus Goode [G. B.] 1881:535 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 177); ref. 1833] Grand Banks, Newfoundland, Canada (stomach content). Holotype (unique): USNM 25972. Type catalog: Smith 1994:42 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch 1788 -- (McDowell 1973:203 [ref. 24539] as chemnitzi, Wheeler 1973:256 [ref. 7190], Scott & Scott 1988:101 [ref. 25518], Sulak 1990:134 [ref. 19326], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:119 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Synonym of Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch 1788. Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

plaxae, Lipogenys Sheiko [B. A.] 1988:361, Figs. 1, 2a [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 28 (no. 3); ref. 13519] East of Sendai Bay, Japan, 36°06'N [or 38°03'W], 142°19'E, depth 1000 meters. Holotype: ZIN 45768. Paratypes: ZIN 45769 (1). •Synonym of Lipogenys gillii Goode & Bean 1895 -- (Nakabo et al. 1991:410 [ref. 20071], Mundy at al. 2011:263 [ref. 31454]). Current status: Synonym of Lipogenys gillii Goode & Bean 1895. Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

rissoanus, Notacanthus De Filippi [F.] & Verany [G. B.] 1857:190 [6] [Memorie / Reale accademia delle scienze di Torino (Ser. 2) v. 18; ref. 1329] Nice, Département des Alpes-Maritimes, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MZUT 733. On p. 6 of separate. •Valid as Polyacanthonotus rissoanus (De Filippi & Verany 1857) -- (McDowell 1973:174 [ref. 24539], Wheeler 1973:257 [ref. 7190], Sulak in Whitehead et al. 1986:602 [ref. 13676], Sulak 1986:196 [ref. 5720], Crabtree et al. 1985:235 [ref. 9483], Scott & Scott 1988:101 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:45 [ref. 14674], Okamura & Takahashi in Okamura et al. 1995:62 [ref. 22531], Goren & Galil 1997:198 [ref. 23058], Santos et al. 1997:18 [ref. 23531], Saldanha & Biscoito 1997:196 [ref. 24962] as cf. rissoanus, Smith 2003:689 [ref. 26989], Moore et al. 2003:172 [ref. 27076], Isajlović et al. 2009:169 [ref. 30507], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:17 [ref. 36649], Møller et al. 2010:20 [ref. 31169], Goren & Galil 2015:516 [ref. 33910], Stewart & Struthers 2015:217 [ref. 34231], Afonso et al. 2016:13, 255 [ref. 36199], Bañón et al. 2016:304 [ref. 34397]). Current status: Valid as Polyacanthonotus rissoanus (De Filippi & Verany 1857). Notacanthidae. Distribution: Atlantic, including Mediterranean Sea; possible all oceans except Polar seas. Habitat: marine.

rostratus, Notacanthus Collett [R.] 1889:307 [7] [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 14; ref. 18023] Off Newfoundland, Canada, 46°04'40"N, 49°02'30"W, station 161, depth 1267 meters. Holotype (unique): MOM 0091-3716. Type catalog: Belloc 1949:11 [ref. 21544]. On p. 7 of separate. See also Collette 1890:48, Pl. 5 (fig. 21). •Valid as Notacanthus rostratus Collett 1889 -- (Wheeler 1973:257 [ref. 7190]). •Synonym of Polyacanthonotus rissoanus (De Filippi & Verany 1857) -- (McDowell 1973:184 [ref. 24539], Sulak in Whitehead et al. 1986:602 [ref. 13676]). Current status: Synonym of Polyacanthonotus rissoanus (De Filippi & Verany 1857). Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

sexspinis, Notacanthus Richardson [J.] 1846:54, Pl. 32 (figs. 4-11) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] King George Sound, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1845.11.21.8. •Valid as Notacanthus sexspinis Richardson 1846 -- (McDowell 1973:191 [ref. 24539], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:60 [ref. 14235], Sulak 1986:195 [ref. 5720], Paxton et al. 1989:150 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:66 [ref. 24556], Pequeño 1989:27 [ref. 14125] as sexpinnis, Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Machida in Amaoka et al. 1990:102 [ref. 16024], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:136 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:219 [ref. 22532], Smith 1999:1628 [ref. 24661], Pakhorukov 2001:377 [ref. 25409] as sexpinis, Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Brickle & Laptikhovsky 2002:493 [ref. 26485], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27192], Smith 2008:186 [ref. 30621], Mundy at al. 2011:269 [ref. 31454], Stewart & Struthers 2015:215 [ref. 34231], Nión et al. 2016:24 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Notacanthus sexspinis Richardson 1846. Notacanthidae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

spinosus, Notacanthus Garman [S.] 1899:301, Pl. L' (figs. 4-4b) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off (Pacific) Panama/Colombia, 7°09'45"N, 80°50'W, Albatross station 3354, depth 322 fathoms; 7°31'30"N, 79°14'W, station 3384, depth 458 fathoms. Syntypes: AMNH [ex MCZ] (1, lost); MCZ 28463 (1), 28464 (now 1); USNM 153594 [ex MCZ 28464] (1). Type catalog: Smith 1994:42 [ref. 21917]. •Valid as Notacanthus spinosus Garman 1899 -- (McDowell 1973:190 [ref. 24539], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:172 [ref. 24555], Mundy at al. 2011:269 [ref. 31454], Robertson et al. 2017:29 [ref. 35676]). Current status: Valid as Notacanthus spinosus Garman 1899. Notacanthidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: El Salvador to Peru. Habitat: marine.

tiluropsis, Leptocephalus D'Ancona [U.] 1928 [Memoria, Comitato Talassografico Italiano No.156; ref. 25418] •In genus Tiluropsis Roule 1911 -- (Smith 1989:957 [ref. 13285]). Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

trichiurus, Leptocephalus Cocco [A.] 1829:138 [Giornale di Scienze Lettere e Arti per La Sicilia Anno 7, v. 26 (no. 77); ref. 857] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Probably a synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848 -- (Tortonese 1970:350 [ref. 21384]). •In genus Tilurus Kölliker 1853 -- (Smith 1989:956 [ref. 13285]). Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

vaillanti, Polyacanthonotus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:266, Fig. 27 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Atlantic, Gulf Stream, 38°47'20"N, 72°37'00"W, Albatross station 2103, depth 1091 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 44248. Type catalog: Smith 1994:42 [ref. 21917]. Fowler incorrectly listed coordinates of Albatross hydrographic station instead of dredging and trawling station, therby placing collection in Pacific Ocean. •Synonym of Polyacanthonotus africanus (Gilchrist & von Bonde 1924) -- (McDowell 1973:172 [ref. 24539], Sulak 1990:135 [ref. 19326]). •Synonym of Polyacanthonotus challengeri (Vaillant 1888) -- (Gon 1990:100 [ref. 21680]). Current status: Synonym of Polyacanthonotus challengeri (Vaillant 1888). Notacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

voraginorum, Helorus Goode [G. B.] 1880:109 [Forest and Stream & Rod and Gun, The American Sportman's Journal v. 15 (9 Sept. 1880); ref. 18143] Not available, no distinguishing features; "... will appear in next signature of the proceedings of the National Museum." From the Grand Banks, nw. Atlantic (stomach content). Described as Notacanthus phasganorus Goode 1881. •In the synonymy of Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch 1788 based on placement of phasganorus -- (McDowell 1973:186 [ref. 24539] as chemnitzi). Current status: Synonym of Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch 1788. Notacanthidae.