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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Nothobranchiidae: [ 432 ] records


abacinum, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] 1976:79, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 3 (no. 3); ref. 7339] 30 kilometers north of Mekambo, region de l'Ivindo, Gabon. Holotype: MNHN 1978-0137. Paratypes: MNHN 1978-138 (11), 1981-874 (11), MZN (orig. 19). An English translation appeared in Journal of the American Killifish Association, 1978, v. 11 (no. 6):168-173 [ref. 32822]. •Valid as Diapteron abacinum (Huber 1976) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:242 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], van der Zee et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35718]). •Valid as Aphyosemion abacinum Huber 1976 -- (Wildekamp 1993:75 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:8 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:173 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion abacinum Huber 1976. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

acuticaudata, Haplochilus senegalensis var. Pellegrin [J.] 1913:84 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 38; ref. 14968] Pool near Guidimoussi [Guidimouni], near Zinder, 13°42'N, 9°30"E, southern Niger. Syntypes: MNHN 1911-0001 (3), 1904-0061 (orig. 5, now 4). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:20 [ref. 19576]. •Synonym of Epiplatys spilargyreius (Duméril 1861) -- (Huber 1982:61 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:261 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:631 [ref. 21590] as acuticauda, Lazara 2001:114 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys spilargyreius (Duméril 1861). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

ahli, Aphyosemion calliurum Myers [G. S.] 1933:183 [Copeia 1933 (no. 4); ref. 3104] Nziou, immediately south of Longji, Cameroon. Neotype: ZMUC P35 4023. Replacement name for Panchax calliurus var. caeruleus Meinken 1932, secondarily preoccupied in aphyosemion by Fundulus gularis var. caerulea Boulenger 1915. Neotype designated by Huber 1998:29 [ref. 23446]. •Valid as Aphyosemion ahli Myers 1933 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:197 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:77 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:8 [ref. 25711], Legros & Zentz 2007:7 [ref. 29472], van der Zee et al. 2007:181 [ref. 30034], Agnèse et al. 2009:57 [ref. 30120], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion ahli Myers 1933. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon to Equatorial Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

akamkpaense, Aphyosemion scheeli Radda [A. C.] 1975:164, Figs. 3 (bottom), 4 (left top 2) [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift für die Schweiz und Oesterreich v. 22 (no. 11); ref. 20521] Small creek in CDC Rubber Estate near Akamkpa, Southeastern State, southeastern Nigeria. Holotype: NMW. Paratypes: NMW (3). English translation and unjustified emendation into Aphyosemion scheeli akamkpaensis by Radda 1977:162 [ref. 31316]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion scheeli Radda 1970 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:234 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:615 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:268 [ref. 26378]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax scheeli (Radda 1970), but a valid subspecies akamkpaense (Radda 1975) as described -- (Lazara 2001:135 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax scheeli (Radda 1970). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

albimarginatus, Nothobranchius Watters [B. R.], Wildekamp [R. H.] & Cooper [B. J.] 1998:52, Figs. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 30 (no. 3); ref. 24178] Kiparanganda, in pools on both sides of the road B2 from Dar-es-Salaam to Ikwiriri, ca. 0.5 kilometers south of Lukwale River, Tanzania, 7°11.40'S, 39°10.31'E. Holotype: MRAC 97-82-P-9. Paratypes: MRAC 97-82-P-10-21 (12). •Valid as Nothobranchius albimarginatus Watters, Wildekamp & Cooper 1998 -- (Lazara 2001:218 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26060], Neumann 2008:48 [ref. 30291], Costa 2009:122 [ref. 30421]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius albimarginatus Watters, Wildekamp & Cooper 1998. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

alpha, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] 1998:16, Figs. [Das Aquarium, Monatsmagazin für Vivaristik v. 32 (no. 350); ref. 24031] Cap Estérias, Gabon. Holotype: MNHN 1994-1114. Paratypes: ANSP 176180 (6); BMNH 1997.8.28.1-6 (6); MNHN 1994-1115 (5), 1997-183 (14); MRAC 97-44-P-1-6 (6); UFRJ 3879 (6); ZMB 32774 (6). A translation in English appeared in Journal of the American Killifish Association, v. 32 (no. 3):79-88 [ref. 32823]. •Valid as Chromaphyosemion alpha (Huber 1998) -- (Sonnenberg 2000:89 [ref. 26135], Sonnenberg 2007:3 [ref. 29286], van der Zee et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35718]). •Valid as Aphyosemion alpha Huber 1998 -- (Legros 2000:40 [ref. 34970], Lazara 2001:8 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:151 [ref. 30034], Pohlmann 2009:35 [ref. 30191], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730], Agnèse et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36256]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion alpha Huber 1998. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

amieti, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] 1976:52, Fig. 2 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift für die Schweiz und Oesterreich v. 23 (no. 4); ref. 20447] Rainforest creek on the road from Koupongo, 500 meters west of Somakak, Sanaga system, southwestern Cameroon, 3°58'N, 10°89'E. Holotype: NMW. Paratypes: NMW (3). •Valid as Aphyosemion amieti Radda 1976 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:197 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax amieti (Radda 1976) -- (Wildekamp 1996:153 [ref. 23649] as amitei, Lazara 2001:125 [ref. 25711], Malumbres & Castelo 2001:179 [ref. 25920], van der Zee et al. 2007:111 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax amieti (Radda 1976). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

amoenum, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] & Pürzl [E.] 1976:134, Figs. 3 [part]-4 [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 8 (no. 11); ref. 20503] Bach im Regenwald 3.5 kilometers north-northeast der Abzweigung der Strasse von sonbo nach Bibang von der Strecke Edea-Yaoundé, Ndoupé, Kellé-Zufluss, Nyong-system. Stream in rainforest, western central Cameroon (3°53'N, 10°40'E). Holotype: NMW. Paratypes: MRAC 77-17-P-486-491 (6), NMW. •Synonym of Aphyosemion raddai Scheel 1975 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:232 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Aphyosemion amoenum Radda & Pürzl 1976 -- (Wildekamp 1993:79 [ref. 26378], Dadaniak et al. 1995:308 [ref. 36170], Lazara 2001:9 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Blum 2005:211 [ref. 28302], van der Zee et al. 2007:199 [ref. 30034], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion amoenum Radda & Pürzl 1976. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: southern Cameroon endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

amsingki, Nothobranchius Ahl [E.] 1928:193, Fig. [Das Aquarium: eine Zeitschrift mit Bildern für Liebhaber, Schulen und Naturfreunde, Berlin 1928 (no. 11); ref. 20506] Pool in a palm plantation east of Cotonou, 6°21'N, 2°26'E, Benin, western Africa. Syntypes: ZMB (not found). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion filamentosum (Meinken 1933) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:212 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:33 [ref. 19980], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:600 [ref. 21590] as amsinghi). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax filamentosus Meinken 1933 -- (Wildekamp 1996:167 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:127 [ref. 25711]). •Nomen dubium -- See Huber 2000:46 [ref. 24475]. •Synonym of Fundulosoma thierryi Ahl 1924. Current status: Synonym of Fundulosoma thierryi Ahl 1924. Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

annectens, Nothobranchius Watters [B. R.], Wildekamp [R. H.] & Cooper [B. J.] 1998:55, Figs. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 30 (no. 3); ref. 24178] 5.5 kilometers south of Kitonga, pool in a ditch on western side of the road from Rufiji River Ferry, in Rufiji River floodplain, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC 97-82-P-22. Paratypes: MRAC 97-82-P-23-26 (4). •Valid as Nothobranchius annectens Watters, Wildekamp & Cooper 1998 -- (Lazara 2001:218 [ref. 25711], Watters et al. 2008:130 [ref. 29473], Neumann 2008:56 [ref. 30291], Costa 2009:123 [ref. 30421]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius annectens Watters, Wildekamp & Cooper 1998. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

annulatus, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:203 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 15 (no. 86); ref. 14997] Probably Maka, at mough of Moa River, about 7°08'N, 11°33'W, Sierra Leone. Syntypes: BMNH 1914.12.9.5-6 (2). •Valid as Pseudepiplatys annulatus (Boulenger 1915) -- (Aarn & Shepherd 2001:223 [ref. 25699]). •Valid as Epiplatys annulatus (Boulenger 1915) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:244 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:628 [ref. 21590], Poll & Gosse 1995:213 [ref. 24781] with genus controversial, Wildekamp 1996:22 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:99 [ref. 25711], Collier et al. 2009:192 [ref. 30003]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys annulatus (Boulenger 1915). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Guinea to Liberia. Habitat: freshwater.

ansorgii, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:262 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 8 (no. 44); ref. 578] Masoma River, flowing into Lake Ogemwe [Ogemoué] at Umpokoya, 01°10'S, 9°59'E, northwestern Gabon, Africa. Lectotype: BMNH 1908.5.25.124. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1908.5.25.123 (1). Lectotype selected by Wildekamp & van der Zee 1995:15 [ref. 33496]. •Synonym of Epiplatys singa (Boulenger 1899) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:259 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Epiplatys ansorgii (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp 1996:25 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:100 [ref. 25711], Huber 2006:77 [ref. 30603], van der Zee et al. 2007:97 [ref. 30034], van der Zee et al. 2013:413 [ref. 32829]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys ansorgii (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

arnoldi, Fundulus Boulenger [G. A.] 1908:29 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 14305] Warri, mouth of Niger River, 5°31'N, 5°45'E, southeastern Nigeria. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.6.3.6-9 (4). •Valid as Aphyosemion arnoldi (Boulenger 1908) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:197 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:601 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax arnoldi (Boulenger 1908) -- (Wildekamp 1996:155 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:126 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax arnoldi (Boulenger 1908). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Nigeria. Habitat: freshwater.

atratus, Epiplatys van der Zee [J. R.], Mbimbi Mayi Munene [J. J.] & Sonnenberg [R.] 2013:413, Figs. 3-4 [Zootaxa 3700 (no. 3); ref. 32829] Kasaï Occidental, Lulua River Basin, Minkidimbua River, village Kakunku, 6° 06.23’S, 22° 42.49’E, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: AMNH 253839. Paratypes: (22) BMHN, AMNH. •Valid as Epiplatys atratus van der Zee, Mbimbi Mayi Munene & Sonnenberg 2013. Current status: Valid as Epiplatys atratus van der Zee, Mbimbi Mayi Munene & Sonnenberg 2013. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

aurantiacum, Aphyosemion Chirio [L.], Legros [O.] & Agnèse [J.-F.] in Agnèse, Chirio, Legros, Oslisly & Bhé 2018:20, Fig. 6A-D [European Journal of Taxonomy No. 471; ref. 36256] Wézé spring, Gabun, 0.58186S, 9.46718E, elevation 89 meters. Holotype: MRAC 2016-019-P-64. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Aphyosemion aurantiacum Chirio, Legros & Agnèse 2018. Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion aurantiacum Chirio, Legros & Agnèse 2018. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Wézé River basin, Wonga-Wongué Presidential Reserve, Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

aureum, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] 1980:201, Fig. 1 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 27 (no. 11); ref. 8430] Small rainforest creek near Mouila, 47 kilometers southwest of Koulamoutou, Du Chaillu Massif, Ogooué-Lolo Province, southern Gabon. Holotype: NMW. Paratypes: (19) MRAC 80-54-P-1586 (1), 80-54-P-1587-95 (9), 80-54-P-1596-605 (10); NMW (9). •Valid as Aphyosemion aureum Radda 1980 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:198 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:81 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:9 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:233 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion aureum Radda 1980. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

australis, Haplochilus calliurus var. Rachow [A.] in Stansch [K.] & Rachow [A.] 1921:26, Fig. [Bibliothek für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde Heft 16; ref. 20448] Cap Gentil, northwestern Gabon. Syntypes: ?USNM 94143 (2). •Valid as Aphyosemion australe (Rachow 1921) -- (Radda 1980:2 [ref. 31297] as Aphyesemion australe, Wildekamp et al. 1986:198 [ref. 6198], van der Zee et al. 2007:229 [ref. 30034], Agnèse et al. 2009:57 [ref. 30120]). •Valid as Aphyosemion australe (Rachow 1921) -- (Huber 2013:4 [ref. 33091] in subgenus Scheelsemion ). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion australe (Rachow 1921). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon to Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

avichang, Fundulopanchax Malumbres [F. J.] & Castelo [R.] 2001:176, Fig. 2 [Graellsia, Revista de Zoologia, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid. v. 57 (no. 2); ref. 25920] River Ecucu drainage system, Bata, Equatorial Guinea, 9°49.443'N, 1°45.651'E, elevation 42 meters. Holotype: MNCN 219341. Paratypes: MNCN 219225-219240 (31). Also appeared in Malumbres & Castelo 2002:114 [ref. 26351]. •Valid as Fundulopanchax avichang Malumbres & Castelo 2001 -- (van der Zee et al. 2007:105 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax avichang Malumbres & Castelo 2001. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Equatorial Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

azureus, Epiplatys Berkenkamp [H. O.] & Etzel [V.] 1983:134, Figs. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 36 (no. 4); ref. 8371] 500 meters north of Yreah, 5°29'N, 8°50'W, Liberia. Holotype: SMF 14449. Paratypes: SMF 14450 (16). •Valid as Epiplatys azureus Berkenkamp & Etzel 1983 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:245 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477] with question, Lazara 2001:100 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Epiplatys olbrechtsi Poll 1941 -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:637 [ref. 21590], Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895]). •Synonym of Epiplatys olbrechtsi Poll 1941, but a valid subspecies -- (Wildekamp 1996:102 [ref. 23649]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys olbrechtsi Poll 1941. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Eastern central Liberia, western Africa (this subspecies). Habitat: freshwater.

bamilekorum, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] 1971:177, Figs. 5-6 [Aquaria: Österreichische Zeitschrift für Vivaristik v. 5 (no. 12); ref. 20449] Creek 9 kilometers northwest of Bafoussam, on way to Bamenda, in the highlands of Cameroon. Holotype: NMW 5970. Paratypes: NMW 5971-72 (1, 7). •Valid as Aphyosemion bamilekorum Radda 1971 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:199 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:86 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:10 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:151 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion bamilekorum Radda 1971. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

banforensis, Roloffia Seegers [L.] 1982:449, Figs. 1-2, 9 [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 35 (no. 12); ref. 8420] 15 kilometers north of Banfora, Upper Volta, western Africa. Holotype: ZFMK 12155. Paratypes: MNHN 1960-0131 (7); SMF 17679-81 (3); ZFMK 12156-62 (7). Type catalog: Busse 1984:220 [ref. 28342], Herder et al. 2010:124 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Aphyosemion banforense (Seegers 1982) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:199 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:609 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion guignardi (Romand 1981) -- (Wildekamp 1993:180 [ref. 26378], Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895]). •Valid as Scriptaphyosemion banforense (Seegers 1982) -- (Lazara 2001:289 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Busch 2012:24 [ref. 32091], Costa 2015:142 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Scriptaphyosemion banforense (Seegers 1982). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

barakoniense, Aphyosemion Chirio [L.], Legros [O.] & Agnèse [J.-F.] in Agnèse, Chirio, Legros, Oslisly & Bhé 2018:15, Fig. 5A-D [European Journal of Taxonomy No. 471; ref. 36256] Lower Barakonié River, Gabon, 0.47664S, 9.26483E, elevation 5 meters. Holotype: MRAC 2016-019-P-19. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Aphyosemion barakoniense Chirio, Legros & Agnèse 2018. Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion barakoniense Chirio, Legros & Agnèse 2018. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Barakonié River basin, Wonga-Wongué Presidential Reserve, Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

barmoiensis, Epiplatys Scheel [J. J.] 1968:102, 453, Figs. on p. 102 [Rivulins of the Old World; ref. 7644] Rokupr, Barmoi District, 9°02'N, 12°57'W, western Sierra Leone. Holotype: ZMUC P352582. Paratypes: ZMUC P352583 (1, allotype). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:55 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Epiplatys barmoiensis Scheel 1968 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:245 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:633 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:28 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:100 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys barmoiensis Scheel 1968. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Sierra Leone. Habitat: freshwater.

baroi, Epiplatys sexfasciatus Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1975:72, Figs. 10-11, 14 [Aquarienfreund v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 7360] Creek 2.4 kilometers from "Palm Beach Hotel/Kribi" in direction to Kribi airfield, 2°58'N, 9°52'E, southern Cameroon. Holotype: MRAC 75-32-P-6. Paratypes: MRAC 75-32-P-7 (1), 75-32-P-8-9 (2), 75-32-P-10-12 (3). Supplemental information in Berkenkamp 1975:78a-78d, v. 4, No. 4 [ref. 33467]. •Synonym of Epiplatys sexfasciatus Gill 1862 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:258 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Epiplatys sexfasciatus Gill 1862, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895]). •Synonym of Epiplatys sexfasciatus Gill 1862, subspecies infrafasciatus (Günther 1866) -- (Lazara 2001:112 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Epiplatys infrafasciatus (Günther 1866) -- (Wildekamp 1996:79 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Epiplatys infrafasciatus (Günther 1866) subspecies zenkeri (Ahl 1928). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys infrafasciatus (Günther 1866). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

batesii, Fundulus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:261 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 8 (no. 44); ref. 578] Ja and Bumba rivers, Congo River basin, about 3°08'N, 12°25'E, southern Cameroon. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1909.7.9.73-77 (6) Bumba R., 1907.5.22.210-211 (2?) Ja R. •Valid as Fundulopanchax batesii (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp 1996:158 [ref. 23649]). •Valid as Aphyosemion batesii (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:200 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:56 [ref. 19980], Lazara 2001:10 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:163 [ref. 30034]). ▐ Valid as Raddaella batesii (Boulenger 1911) -- (Sonnenberg & Schunke 2010:337 [ref. 30994], van der Zee et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Raddaella batesii (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon and Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

baudoni, Haplochilus Pellegrin [J.] 1922:75 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 47; ref. 5028] Gribingui River at Fort Crampel, 6°59'S, 19°11'E, western Central African Republic. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1921-0295. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:20 [ref. 19576]. •Synonym of Epiplatys bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:246 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1996:32 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Epiplatys bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881), subspecies bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881) -- (Lazara 2001:101 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

beauforti, Fundulus Ahl [E.] 1924:144 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 61(nos 5/6); ref. 15437] Near Sangmelima, Upper Lobo River, southern Cameroon. Holotype (unique): ZMB 19388. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:159-160 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903) -- (Seegers 1988:8, 11 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:103 [ref. 26378]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903), subspecies cameronense (Boulenger 1903) -- (Lazara 2001:14 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Raddaella batesii (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:200 [ref. 6198], Sonnenberg & Schunke 2010:337 [ref. 30994]). Current status: Synonym of Raddaella batesii (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

bellemansi, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] 2014:7, Fig. 3 [Killi-Data Series 2014; ref. 33527] Southern Kordofan, Wad el Mileisa, 10°45'44"N, 31°07'12"E, Sudan. Holotype: MRAC B4-18-P-1. Paratypes: MSNG 57815 (11, 2 c&s). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Nothobranchius bellemansi Valdesalici 2014. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius bellemansi Valdesalici 2014. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sudan. Habitat: freshwater.

bellicauda, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1924:312 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 11/12); ref. 15436] Cameroon. Lectotype: ZMB 31527 [ex ZMB 21934]. Paralectotypes: ZMB 21934 (4), 31543 [ex ZMB 19388] (4). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:164 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected in Paepke & Seegers 1986:164 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:205 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:8, 11 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:103 [ref. 26378], Dadaniak et al. 1995:250 [ref. 36170]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903), subspecies cameronense (Boulenger 1903) -- (Lazara 2001:14 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Mesoaphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903) -- (Sonnenberg & Schunke 2010:337 [ref. 30994]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

berkenkampi, Epiplatys Neumann [W.] 1978:125, Figs. [Aquarien Terrarien v. 25 (no. 4); ref. 8295] Fast-flowing creek about 30 kilometers south of Lambarene, on raod from Bigouenia to Mora, about 0°58'S, 10°21'E, northwestern Gabon. Holotype: MTD F 1874. Paratypes: MTD F 1875 (1). Type catalog: Zarske 2003:26 [ref. 27474]. •Synonym of Epiplatys ansorgii (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp & van der Zee 1995:14 [ref. 33496], Wildekamp 1996:25 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895]). •Valid as Epiplatys berkenkampi Neumann 1978 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:245 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:101 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys berkenkampi Neumann 1978. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

bertholdi, Aphyosemion Roloff [E.] 1965:362, Figured (p. 362) [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 9251] Kenema, Sierra Leone. Holotype: ZMH H2860. Paratypes: ZMH H2861-62 (2, 5). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:159 [ref. 22013]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion liberiense (Boulenger 1908) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:221 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:35 [ref. 19980], Paugy et al. 1990:340 [ref. 26477]). •Valid as Aphyosemion bertholdi Roloff 1965 -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:609 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Scriptaphyosemion bertholdi (Roloff 1965) -- (Lazara 2001:289 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Busch 2012:15 [ref. 32091], Costa 2015:142 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Scriptaphyosemion bertholdi (Roloff 1965). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sierra Leone to Liberia. Habitat: freshwater.

biafranum, Aphyosemion (Paraphysemion) Kottelat [M.] 1976:24, Fig. on p. 23 (no. 11) [Aquarama v. 10 (no. 36); ref. 6566] Appeared as a new subspecies, with a figure and the statement, "..est décrit dans Kottelat (sous presse). No description. •Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. m31367], Wildekamp 1996:178 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:130 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

biafranus, Epiplatys Radda [A. C.] 1970:7 [Aquaria: Österreichische Zeitschrift für Vivaristik v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 20527] Vicinity of Port Harcourt, 4°46'N, 7°01'E, southeastern Nigeria. Holotype: NMW 5951. Paratypes: NMW 5952 (3). Brief description, no figure. Also described as new by Radda 1972:9 [ref. 31302] and Radda 1974:(3) [ref. 31304]. •Valid as Epiplatys biafranus Radda 1970 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:245 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:633 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:30 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:101 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys biafranus Radda 1970. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Nigeria. Habitat: freshwater.

bifasciatus, Haplochilus Steindachner [F.] 1881:199 [21] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 83 (1. Abth.); ref. 4231] Bahr-el-Seraf [Zeraf] and Bahr-el-Gebel [Jebel], White Nile system, Sudan, probably the southwestern corner of the Al-Zeraf Game Reserve, 7.55°N, 30.53°E. Lectotype: NMW 62005. Paralectotypes: NMW 3385-91 (7); ZMB 21944 (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:162 [ref. 19981], Wildekamp et al. 1986:246 [ref. 6198]. On p. 21 of separate. Lectotype selected by Huber 2017:18 [ref. 35720]. •Valid as Epiplatys bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881), subspecies bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881) -- (Lazara 2001:101 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Epiplatys bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881) -- (Huber 1982:57 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:246 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Paugy & Bénech 1989:303 [ref. 26478], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:632 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:32 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Aarn & Shepherd 2001:223 [ref. 25699], Dankwa et al. 1999:43 [ref. 28023], Neumann et al. 2016:306 [ref. 35036], Huber 2017:18 [ref. 35720]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sudan, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bitaeniatus, Fundulus Ahl [E.] 1924:141 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 61(nos 5/6); ref. 15437] Niger?, West Africa. Lectotype: ZMB 20997. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31480 [ex ZMB 20997] (3). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:160 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:160 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Chromaphyosemion bitaeniatum (Ahl 1924) -- (Sonnenberg 2000:83 [ref. 26135], Sonnenberg 2007:3 [ref. 29286]). •Valid as Aphyosemion bitaeniatum (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:201 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:56 [ref. 19980], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:596 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:88 [ref. 26378], Legros 2000:14 [ref. 34970], Lazara 2001:11 [ref. 25711], Puhlmann 2009:35 [ref. 30191], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion bitaeniatum (Ahl 1924). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Cameroon, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bitteri, Aphyosemion Valdesalici [S.] & Eberl [W.] 2016:62, Figs. 1-3 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 22 (no. 2); ref. 34405] Small stream named Dondo belonging to the Ikoy River system, 1 km west of Ikobey, Route Régionale 22 to Sindara, Province de la Ngounié, Département de Tsamba-Magotsi, Gabon, 01°02.986’S, 10°58.726’E. Holotype: MSNG 58337. Paratypes: MSNG 58338 (6). More complete locality in Eberl 2016 [ref. 34509]. •Valid as Aphyosemion bitteri Valdesalici & Eberl 2016. Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion bitteri Valdesalici & Eberl 2016. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ikoy River system, Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

bivittatus, Fundulus Lönnberg [E.] 1895:190 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-akademiens Forhandlingar v. 52 (no. 3); ref. 14584] Near the waterfall of N'dian River, Cameroon. Holotype: ZMUU 282. Type catalog: Wallin 1996:61 [ref. 32133] with a holotype. •Valid as Chromaphyosemion bivittatum (Lönnberg 1895) -- (Sonnenberg 2000:83 [ref. 26135], Sonnenberg 2007:33 [ref. 29286]). •Valid as Aphyosemion bivittatum (Lönnberg 1895) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:202 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:56 [ref. 19980], Amiet 1991:94 [ref. 20000], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:595 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:91 [ref. 26378], Murphy & Collier 1997:797 [ref. 25585], Legros 2000:15 [ref. 34970], Lazara 2001:12 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:151 [ref. 30034], Agnèse et al. 2009:57 [ref. 30120], Pohlmann 2009:35 [ref. 30191], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion bivittatum (Lönnberg 1895). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Nigeria and Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

bochtleri, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] 1975:6, Pls. 8-9 [part] [British Killifish Association, Killi News Jun. 1975; ref. 20501] Brook in rainforest about 300 meters on right side of a village near Mintoum, northern Gabon, about 0°29'N, 11°29'E. Holotype: NMW 77332. Paratypes: NMW 77333-34 (2, 2). •Synonym of Aphyosemion herzogi Radda 1975 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:218 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:191 [ref. 26378], Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895]). •Valid as Aphyosemion bochtleri Radda 1975 -- (Lazara 2001:13 [ref. 25711], Eberl 2016:39 [ref. 34296], van der Zee et al. 2018:85 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion bochtleri Radda 1975. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

boehmi, Aphyosemion gabunense Radda [A. C.] & Huber [J. H.] 1977:145, Fig. 4 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 24 (no. 8); ref. 7277] Stream on way to Mora from Bigouenia, western Gabon. Holotype: NMW 90751 (1 of 2). Paratypes: NMW 90751 (1 of 2). •Synonym of Aphyosemion gabunense Radda 1975 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:213 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion gabunense Radda 1975, but a valid subspecies boehmi Radda & Huber 1977 as described -- (Wildekamp 1993:170 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:22 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:235 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion gabunense Radda 1975. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Ngounie River, western Gabon [this subspecies]. Habitat: freshwater.

bojiensis, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] & Haas [R.] 1992:13, Fig. 12 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 14383] Waterholes on a journey across the Boji plains, on the way to Merti, about 1°30'N, 39°10'E, Kenya, elevation 100-130 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1957.11.22.5. Paratypes: BMNH 1957.11.22.6-19 (14), 1957.11.22.20-54 (35). •Valid as Nothobranchius bojiensis Wildekamp & Haas 1992 -- (Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:218 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:40 [ref. 28087], Neumann 2008:91 [ref. 30291], Nagy 2010:15 [ref. 33749], Nagy 2012:61 [ref. 34192], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius bojiensis Wildekamp & Haas 1992. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

boklundi, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] 2010:52, Figs. 1-7 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 16 (no. 2); ref. 30802] Seasonal pool in the eastern bank floodplains of the Luangwa River, about 650 meters south-east of Kapani Lodge and 1500 meters from the river, near South Luangwa National Park main gate, 13°06'31.1"S, 31°47'35.2"E, eastern Province, Zambia. Holotype: SAIAB 85540. Paratypes: SAIAB 85539 (1), 85541 (2),; MRAC 2009-33-P-1-2-3 (3); MSNG 55322 (3). •Valid as Nothobranchius boklundi Valdesalici 2010 -- (Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:358 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:181 [ref. 33512], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius boklundi Valdesalici 2010. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Luangwa River basin, uooer Luapula drainage, Zambia. Habitat: freshwater.

boulengeri, Haplochilus Pellegrin [J.] 1926:206 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 14 (no. 2); ref. 17939] Mongendé, western Democratic Republic of Congo. Lectotype: MRAC 18370. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1926-0242 (1); MRAC 17414-15 (1, 1) Tschimbu, 18371-72 (1, 1) Kidada. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:21 [ref. 19576]. Lectotype selected by Huber 1998:16 [ref. 23446]. •Synonym of Epiplatys multifasciatus (Boulenger 1913) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:254 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1996:93 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:109 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Epiplatys boulengeri (Pellegrin 1926) -- (Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Murphy & Collier 1997:797 [ref. 25585]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys boulengeri (Pellegrin 1926). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

brichardi, Aphyosemion Baker-Carr [C. D. T.] 1975 [The Killifish master index. First edition; ref. 25877] Name only, not available. Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion labarrei Poll 1951. Nothobranchiidae.

brieni, Nothobranchius Poll [M.] 1938:409, Fig. 11 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 30 (no. 4); ref. 17167] Bukama, Lualaba River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Lectotype: MRAC 50016. Paralectotypes: MRAC 50017-27 (11), 50028-39 (12); CAS-SU 17484 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:53-54 [ref. 12291], Derijst 1991:58 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Nothobranchius malaissei Wildekamp 1978 -- (Lazara 2001:224 [ref. 25711] as aff. brieni). •Valid as Nothobranchius brieni Poll 1938 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:263 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:218 [ref. 25711], Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2004:249 [ref. 28097], Neumann 2008:74 [ref. 30291], Valdesaliciv 2010:51 [ref. 30802], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:358 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:181 [ref. 33512], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Watters et al. 2015:128 [ref. 33955], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius brieni Poll 1938. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Middle Lualaba drainage, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

brucii, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:263 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 8 (no. 44); ref. 578] Pool at Udi, 6°15'N, 7°25'E, Cross River basin, Anambra State, Nigeria. Misspelled *brucei* by authors. Syntypes: BMNH 1910.4.27.30-37 (8). •Synonym of Aphyosemion gardneri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:214 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp 1996:170 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911), subspecies gardneri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Lazara 2001:128 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

brueningi, Roloffia Roloff [E.] 1971:285, Figs. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 24 (no. 9); ref. 7585] Standing pool in Giema, Kenema District, Sierra Leone. Holotype: ZMH H4525. Paratypes: ZMH H4526-27 (1, 6). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:159 [ref. 22013]. Also described as new by Roloff in Wright 1972:7 [ref. 30138]. Also appeared in Roloff 1973:(1) [ref. 30316]. •Valid as Aphyosemion brueningi (Roloff 1971) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:202 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:340 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:608 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:94 [ref. 26378]). •Valid as Scriptaphyosemion brueningi (Roloff 1971) -- (Lazara 2001:289 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Busch 2012:15 [ref. 32091], Costa 2015:142 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Scriptaphyosemion brueningi (Roloff 1971). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sierra Leone and Liberia. Habitat: freshwater.

bualanus, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1924:54 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 1/2) (art. 4); ref. 76] Buala [now Bouala, 6°42'N, 15°58'E], Cameroon [now Central African Republic]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21947 (poor condition). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:164 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Aphyosemion bualanum (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:202 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:56 [ref. 19980], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:602 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:96 [ref. 26378], Huber 1998:5 [ref. 23446] with comments, Lazara 2001:13 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion bualanum (Ahl 1924). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

burundi, Aphyosemion Scheel [J. J.] 1968:139 [Rivulins of the Old World; ref. 7644] Appeared as "Aphyosemion burundi" (Invalid name ?). Not available, not treated as valid when proposed; no types mentioned, Burundi locality questioned. •In the synonymy of Fundulopanchax scheeli (Radda 1970). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax scheeli (Radda 1970). Nothobranchiidae.

buytaerti, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] & Huber [J. H.] 1978:181, Figs. 6 (above), 11-12 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 25 (no. 12); ref. 20502] Ékouma River, at Ogouée village, between Zanaga and Voula II, southern Republic of Congo, 2°50'S, 13°51'E. Holotype: MRAC 78-22-P-448. Paratypes: MRAC 78-22-P-449 (1), 78-22-P-586-592 (7). •Valid as Aphyosemion buytaerti Radda & Huber 1978 -- (Radda 1980:3 [ref. 31297], Wildekamp et al. 1986:203 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:98 [ref. 26378], Huber 1999:53 [ref. 25500], Lazara 2001:13 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:191 [ref. 30034], van der Zee et al. 2018:85 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion buytaerti Radda & Huber 1978. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon and adjacent Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

caerulea, Fundulus gularis var. Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:30 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 3; ref. 584] Niger Delta (Aquarium material of unknown origin), southeastern Nigeria. Neotype: BMNH 1910.12.13.3. Spelling caerulea rather than coerulea is clear from index (p. 510). •Synonym of Aphyosemion sjoestedti (Lönnberg 1895) -- (Clausen 1966:338 [ref. 844], Wildekamp et al. 1986:236 [ref. 6198] as coerulea and with a neotype, Seegers 1988:49 [ref. 19980], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:601 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax sjoestedti [should be sjostedti] (Lönnberg 1895) -- (Wildekamp 1996:207 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:135 [ref. 25711], Huber 2006:66 [ref. 30603] as sjostedtii). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax sjostedti (Lönnberg 1895). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

caeruleus, Panchax (Aphyosemion) calliurus var. Meinken [H.] 1932:3, Pl. 48 (fig. 1) [Das Aquarium: eine Zeitschrift mit Bildern für Liebhaber, Schulen und Naturfreunde, Berlin 1932 (no. 1); ref. 20446] Nziou, immediately south of Longji, Cameroon. Neotype: ZMUC P35 4023. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Aphyosemion by Fundulus gularis var. caerulea Boulenger 1915, replaced by Aphyosemion calliurum ahli Myers 1933. See Huber 1998:28 [ref. 23446] for locality information. •Synonym of Aphyosemion ahli Myers 1933 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:197 [ref. 6198]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion ahli Myers 1933. Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

calabaricus, Aphyosemion (Aphyosemion) Ahl [E.] 1936:402 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1935 (nos 8-10); ref. 13682] Probably Monrovia, Liberia [not Nigeria]. Lectotype: ZMB 21039. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31494 [ex ZMB 21039] (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:154 [ref. 19981]. Possibly appeared first in Mayer 1936 (28 Apr.):257 [ref. 19988] in which case authorship would be Mayer (ex Ahl) and type specimens might change. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. Lectotype selected in Paepke & Seegers 1986:154 [ref. 19981]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion liberiense (Boulenger 1908) -- (Seegers 1988:35 [ref. 19980], Paugy et al. 1990:340 [ref. 26477], Wildekamp 1993:209 [ref. 26378]). •Synonym of Scriptaphyosemion liberiense (Boulenger 1908) -- (Lazara 2001:292 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Busch 2012:24 [ref. 32091]). Current status: Synonym of Scriptaphyosemion liberiense (Boulenger 1908). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

caldal, Roloffia Cahalan [T. L.] 1973:15 [Killie Notes v. 6 (no. 8); ref. 21038] Vernacular name, not used as a scientific name; not available. •In the synonymy of Aphyosemion roloffi Roloff 1936 -- (Seegers 1988:47 [ref. 19980], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:611 [ref. 21590]). •In the synonymy of Scriptaphyosemion roloffi (Roloff 1936) -- (Lazara 2001:293 [ref. 25711]). •Not available -- (Sonnenberg & Busch 2012:25 [ref. 32091]). Current status: Synonym of Scriptaphyosemion roloffi (Roloff 1936). Nothobranchiidae.

callipteron, Episemion Radda [A. C.] & Pürzl [E.] 1987:18, Fig. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 19 (no. 2); ref. 12592] Stream, 6 kilometers southeast of Bibasse, at highway N2 from Oyem to Mitzic, Woleu/Rio Benito System, about 1°20'N, 11°39'E, northern Gabon. Holotype: NMW (whereabouts unknown). Paratypes: NMW (4, whereabouts unknown). Also appeared as new in English translation, Radda & Pürzl 1989: 63 [ref. 31320]. •Incertae sedis -- (Lazara 2001:117 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Aphyosemion callipteron (Radda & Pürzl 1987) -- (van der Zee et al. 2007:175 [ref. 30034]). •Valid as Episemion callipteron Radda & Pürzl 1987 -- (Wildekamp 1996:134 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Sonnenberg et al. 2006:2 [ref. 28868]). Current status: Valid as Episemion callipteron Radda & Pürzl 1987. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon and Equatorial Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

calliurus, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:265 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 8 (no. 44); ref. 578] Nigeria [not Liberia]. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1909.4.2.12-13 (2), 1911.4.8.3-12 (10). See Huber 1998:17 [ref. 23446] for locality information. •Valid as Scheelsemion calliurum (Boulenger 1911) -- (van der Zee et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35718]). •Valid as Aphyosemion calliurum (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:204 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:4 [ref. 19980], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:612 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:100 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:13 [ref. 25711], Legros & Zentz 2007:7 [ref. 29472], van der Zee et al. 2007:229 [ref. 30034], Agnèse et al. 2009:57 [ref. 30120]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion calliurum (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon, Benin and Nigeria. Habitat: freshwater.

cameronensis, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:440 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 12 (no. 70) (art. 42); ref. 15018] Southern Cameroon. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.11.12.148-149 (2) Kribi R., 1903.7.28.119-122 (4) and 1903.7.28.123 (1) Kribi R., 1903.7.28.211 (1) Ja R. •Valid as Aphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:204 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:8 [ref. 19980], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Wildekamp 1993:103 [ref. 26378], Dadaniak et al. 1995:245 [ref. 36170], Sonnenberg & Blum 2005:219 [ref. 28302]). •Valid as Aphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903), subspecies cameronense (Boulenger 1903) -- (Lazara 2001:14 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:205 [ref. 30034], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). •Valid as Mesoaphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903) -- (Sonnenberg & Schunke 2010:337 [ref. 30994], van der Zee et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: southern Cameroon and northern Gabon, possibly Equatiorial Guinea and Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

campomaanense, Aphyosemion Agnèse [J.-F.], Brummett [R.], Caminade [P.], Catalan [J.] & Kornobis [E.] 2009:50, Figs. 4-10 [Zootaxa No. 2045; ref. 30120] Campo-Ma'an National Park, small stream under forest cover, 2.33735°N, 10.20435°E, Cameroon. Holotype: MRAC A7-30-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC A7-30-P-2-21 (20), A7-30-P-22-24 (3), A7-30-P-25-26 (2); MNHN 2006-1533 to 1534 (2), 2007-1535 (1), 2007-1536 to 1541 (6), 2007-1542 to 1545 (4). •Valid as Aphyosemion campomaanense Agnèse, Brummett, Caminade, Catalan & Kornobis 2009. Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion campomaanense Agnèse, Brummett, Caminade, Catalan & Kornobis 2009. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Southern Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

capriviensis, Nothobranchius Watters [B. R.], Wildekamp [R. H.] & Shidlovskiy [K. M.] 2015:102, Figs. 2-8 [Journal of the American Killifish Association v. 47 (no. 4-6) (July-Dec. 2014); ref. 33955] Sakamanduna Pan, Gunkwe district, eastern Zambezi Region, Namibia, 17°38.654'S, 24°17.664'E. Holotype: SAIAB 200550. Paratypes: SAIAB, MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius capriviensis Watters, Wildekamp & Shidlovskiy 2015 -- (Tweddle et al. 2015:134 [ref. 34444], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736], Bruton et al. 2018:105 [ref. 36373]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius capriviensis Watters, Wildekamp & Shidlovskiy 2015. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Upper Zambezi floodplains, Namibia. Habitat: freshwater.

cardinalis, Nothobranchius Watters [B. R.], Cooper [B. J.] & Wildekamp [R. H.] 2008:131, Figs. 1-4 [Journal of the American Killifish Association v. 40 (nos 5 & 6); ref. 29473] Pool in the course of the seasonal Lisinjiri River, a tributary of the Mbwemkuru River, 91 kilometers northwest of the town of Nachingwea, the direction of village of Liwale and near Mtawatawa village, 9°54.102'S, 38°15.384'E, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC 2007-37-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 2007-37-P-2-3 (2). Plus additional non-preserved material. Apparently published in Jan. 2008, not in 2007. •Valid as Nothobranchius cardinalis Watters, Cooper & Wildekamp 2008 -- (Neumann 2008:59 [ref. 30291]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius cardinalis Watters, Cooper & Wildekamp 2008. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Mbwemkuru River basin, coastal floodplains of Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

carnapi, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1924:303 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 11/12); ref. 15436] Yaoundé, Cameroon. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21008. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:164 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion obscurum (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:227 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion exiguum (Boulenger 1911) -- (Seegers 1988:22, 24 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:159 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:21 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion exiguum (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

castaneum, Aphyosemion Myers [G. S.] 1924:2, Figs. 1-2 [American Museum Novitates No. 116; ref. 3091] Kisangani, Orientale Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: AMNH 8337. Paratypes: AMNH 8338 (5), 14765 (1); MRAC 15616 [ex AMNH] (1). •Synonym of Aphyosemion christyi (Boulenger 1915) -- (Woeltjes 1983:10 [ref. 30503], Wildekamp et al. 1986:207 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:122 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:16 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Aphyosemion castaneum Myers 1924 -- (van der Zee & Huber 2006:139 [ref. 28903], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011:73 [ref. 31317], van der Zee et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35718], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2018:7 [ref. 36381]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion castaneum Myers 1924. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Upper Congo River system, northeastern Congo Basin. Habitat: freshwater.

caudofasciatum, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] & Radda [A. C.] 1979:178, Figs. 3-4 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 26 (no. 11); ref. 20505] Ekouma stream at Ogouée Village, north of Zanaga, Lékoumou Province, southern Republic of the Congo, 2°50'S, 13°51'E. Holotype: MRAC 78-22-P-561. Paratypes: MRAC 78-22-P-562-567 (6), 78-22-P-718-720 (3). •Valid as Aphyosemion caudofasciatum Huber & Radda 1979 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:206 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:112 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:15 [ref. 25711], Van de Zee et al. 2007:181 [ref. 30034], Valdesalici & Eberl 2015:118 [ref. 33901]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion caudofasciatum Huber & Radda 1979. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: upper Ogowe River, Republic of the Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

cauveti, Aphyosemion Romand [R.] & Ozouf-Costaz [C.] 1995:392, Figs. 1, 2A [Cybium v. 19 (no. 4); ref. 21952] A brook after a small dam 8 kilometers to the town of Kindia on the road to Télimélé, Guinea. Holotype: MNHN 1995-0014. Paratypes: MNHN 1995-0015 to 0017 (1, 8, 5). •Valid as Scriptaphyosemion cauveti (Romand & Ozouf-Costaz 1995) -- (Lazara 2001:290 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Busch 2012:15 [ref. 32091]). Current status: Valid as Scriptaphyosemion cauveti (Romand & Ozouf-Costaz 1995). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

celiae, Aphyosemion Scheel [J. J.] 1971:52, Fig. [Tropical Fish Hobbyist v. 19 (no. 5); ref. 7588] Small brook near John Epie's House in Mambanda, near Kumba, western Cameroon. Holotype: ZMUC P352589. Paratypes: ZMUC P352590 (1, allotype), P352591-627 (36). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:54 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Aphyosemion celiae Scheel 1971 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:206 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:114 [ref. 26378]). •Valid as Aphyosemion celiae Scheel 1971, subspecies celiae Scheel 1971 -- (Lazara 2001:15 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:189 [ref. 30034], Agnèse et al. 2009:57 [ref. 30120]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion celiae Scheel 1971. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

chaperi, Haplochilus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1882:323 [11], Pl. 5 (figs. 4-5) [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 7; ref. 18674] Lagune d'Assinie, Couracrou, east of Abidjan, 5°22'N, 3°11'W, southeastern Ivory Coast, West Africa. Syntypes: MNHN A-4423 (Bertin & Estéve holotype); BMNH 1882.5.8.1 [ex MNHN] (1); MNHN A-4424 (5), A-4425 (1); ZMB 11900 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:19 [ref. 19576], Wildekamp et al. 1986:247 [ref. 6198], Paepke & Seegers 1986:162 [ref. 19981]. On p. 11 of separate. •Valid as Epiplatys chaperi (Sauvage 1882) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:247 [ref. 6198], Huber 1982:63 [ref. 20638], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:629 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:36 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Murphy & Collier 1997:797 [ref. 25585]). •Valid as Epiplatys chaperi (Sauvage 1882), subspecies chaperi (Sauvage 1882) -- (Dankwa et al. 1999:43 [ref. 28023], Lazara 2001:102 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys chaperi (Sauvage 1882). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ivory Coast and Ghana, West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

chauchei, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] & Scheel [J. J.] 1981:36, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 8589] Slow brook in forest 20 kilometers east of Etoumbi towards Makoua, central Congo. Holotype: MNHN 1981-0628. Paratypes: MNHN 1981-0629 (3). •Valid as Aphyosemion chauchei Huber & Scheel 1981 -- (Woeltjes 1983:12 [ref. 30503], Wildekamp et al. 1986:206 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:118 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:16 [ref. 25711], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011:83 [ref. 31317], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2018:7 [ref. 36381]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion chauchei Huber & Scheel 1981. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Central Africa: Central Congo River system. Habitat: freshwater.

chaytori, Roloffia Roloff [E.] 1971:182, Fig. (p. 183 top) [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 24 (no. 6); ref. 7586] Rokupr, Sierra Leone. Holotype: ZMH H4490A. Paratypes: ZMH H4490B (1), H4491 (6), ?H4492 (1). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:159 [ref. 22013]. Also appeared in Roloff 1971:(2) [ref. 30317]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion roloffi Roloff 1936 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:234 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:47 [ref. 19980], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:611 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Aphyosemion chaytori (Roloff 1971) -- (Wildekamp 1993:120 [ref. 26378]). •Valid as Scriptaphyosemion chaytori (Roloff 1971) -- (Lazara 2001:290 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Busch 2012:15 [ref. 32091], Costa 2015:142 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Scriptaphyosemion chaytori (Roloff 1971). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sierra Leone. Habitat: freshwater.

chevalieri, Haplochilus Pellegrin [J.] 1904:222 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 10 (no. 5); ref. 15194] Brazzaville, Congo River, 4°16'S, 5°17'E, Republic of the Congo. Syntypes: MNHN 1904-0062 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:20 [ref. 19576]. •Valid as Aplocheilus chevalieri (Pellegrin 1904) -- (Radda 1980:4 [ref. 31297]). •Valid as Epiplatys chevalieri (Pellegrin 1904) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:248 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1996:46 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895]). •Valid as Epiplatys chevalieri (Pellegrin 1904), subspecies chevalieri (Pellegrin 1904) -- (Lazara 2001:103 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2013:414 [ref. 32829]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys chevalieri (Pellegrin 1904). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

chinchoxoanus, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1924:305 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 11/12); ref. 15436] Chinchoxo at mouth of Kouilou River, 4°28'S, 11°41'E, southwestern Republic of the Congo. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21035. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:164 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Epiplatys singa (Boulenger 1899) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:259 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1996:122 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:113 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys singa (Boulenger 1899). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

chirioi, Pronothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] 2013:33, Figs. 10a-c [Killi-Data Series 2013; ref. 33090] Burkina Faso, Loagpnolou River, small stream on Mekrou River drainage, Niger River basin, on extreme north of the Atakora mountains in Parc Naturel West, 55°34'N, 2°11'03"E. Holotype: MNHN 2013-0695. Paratypes: BMNH 1970.11.6.17-18 (2), MRAC P 73039.1609-1610 (2, c&s). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Pronothobranchius chirioi Valdesalici 2013. Current status: Valid as Pronothobranchius chirioi Valdesalici 2013. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Niger River dainage in Niger and Burkina Faso. Habitat: freshwater.

chochamandai, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.] 2014:173, Figs. 2-5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 25 (no. 2); ref. 33512] Ephemeral swamp, Kinikabwimba River, about 1 km south of Kasomeno village, Democratic Republic of Congo, 10°46.03'S, 28°17.00'E. Holotype: MRAC B3-022-P-0194. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius chochamandai Nagy 2014 -- (Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius chochamandai Nagy 2014. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ephemeral swamp, Kinikabwimba River, middle Luapula draingae, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

christyi, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:46 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 3; ref. 584] Lindi River at Bafwasende, Democratic Republic of Congo. Lectotype: BMNH 1919.9.10.286. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1919.9.10.287-295 (now 8), MRAC 7244-7302 (59), ZMB [ex BMNH 1919.9.10.287-295] (1). Also appeared in Boulenger 1920:35, Fig. 19 [ref. 587]. Lectotype selected by Van der Zee & Huber 2006:136 [ref. 28903] •Valid as Aphyosemion christyi (Boulenger 1915) -- (Woeltjes 1983:8 [ref. 30503], Wildekamp et al. 1986:207 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:122 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:16 [ref. 25711], van der Zee & Huber 2006:133 [ref. 28903], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011:73 [ref. 31317]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion christyi (Boulenger 1915). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Epula and Ituri drainages, Democratic Republic of Congao, Congo River system. Habitat: freshwater.

cinnamomeum, Aphyosemion Clausen [H. S.] 1963:201, Pl. 7 (figs. d-e) [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 125; ref. 4529] Small stream in rain forest in low mountainous area, 44 miles north of Kumba, about 5°14'N, 9°24'E, Cameroon. Holotype: ZMUC P351699. Paratypes: ZMUC P351700-706 (7). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:54 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Aphyosemion cinnamomeum Clausen 1963 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:207 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax cinnamomeus (Clausen 1963) -- (Wildekamp 1996:162 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:126 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:115 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax cinnamomeus (Clausen 1963). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

citrineipinnis, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] & Radda [A. C.] 1977:101 [3], Fig. 6 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift für die Schweiz und Oesterreich v. 24 (no. 6); ref. 7256] Mountain stream near Yeno, Mogambi, Ogoudou-Ogoudou sub-system of Ngounie, Gabon, elevation about 450 meters. Holotype: NMW 90741 (1 of 2). Paratypes: MNHN (2), MRAC 77-17-P-472 (1), NMW 90741 (?1 of 2). On p. 3 of separate. •Valid as Aphyosemion citrineipinnis Huber & Radda 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:208 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:127 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:16 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:233 [ref. 30034], van der Zee et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion citrineipinnis Huber & Radda 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

clauseni, Aphyosemion gardneri Scheel [J. J.] 1975:1, 3 [British Killifish Association, Killi News 1975; ref. 23229] Cameroon/Nigeria. Syntypes: (67). Huber 2006:23 [ref. 28935] designated a neotype but that apparently is not done correctly as syntypes are available. •Synonym of Aphyosemion gardneri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:614 [ref. 21590] as nomen nudum). •Synonym of Aphyosemion gardneri (Boulenger 1911), but a valid subspecies clauseni (Scheel 1975) as described -- (Lazara 2001:128 [ref. 25711]). •In the synonymy of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911) as nomen nudum -- (Wildekamp 1996:178 [ref. 23649]). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

coccinatus, Epiplatys Berkenkamp [H. O.] & Etzel [V.] 1982:251, Figs. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 35 (no. 7); ref. 8509] 3 kilometers south of Wadalna at Belefuanai on the way from Gbaruka to Zorzor, about 7°13'N, 9°27'W, central Liberia. Holotype: SMF 16355. Paratypes: SMF 16356 (19). •Synonym of Epiplatys lamottei Daget 1954 -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:634 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Epiplatys coccinatus Berkenkamp & Etzel 1982 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:249 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Wildekamp 1996:52 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:104 [ref. 25711], Etzel 2009:88 [ref. 30290]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys coccinatus Berkenkamp & Etzel 1982. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Liberia. Habitat: freshwater.

coeleste, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] & Radda [A. C.] 1977:99 [1], Fig. 4 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift für die Schweiz und Oesterreich v. 24 (no. 6); ref. 7256] Stream near Mossango, 13 kilometers northwest of Moanda, on way to Lastoursville, central Gabon, elevation about 400 meters. Holotype: ?NMW 90742 (1 of 2). Paratypes: MRAC 77-17-P-469, NMW 90742 (?1 of 2). On p. 1 of separate. •Valid as Aphyosemion coeleste Huber & Radda 1977 -- (Radda 1980:2 [ref. 31297], Wildekamp et al. 1986:208 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:129 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:16 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:227 [ref. 30034], Valdesalici & Eberl 2014:112 [ref. 33277], van der Zee et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion coeleste Huber & Radda 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon and Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

coerulea, Fundulopanchax bivittatus var. Meinken [H.] 1930:178, Fig. [Blätter für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 41 (no. 11); ref. 19957] Equatorial West Africa. Lectotype: ZMB 21043. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31477 [ex ZMB 21043] (3). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:158 [ref. 19981]. See also Meinken 1930:[21] [ref. 16110]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Fundulus gularis caerulea Boulenger 1915, replaced by Aphyosemion bivittatum hollyi Myers 1933. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:158 [ref. 19981]. •Synonym of Chromaphyosemion bivittatum (Lönnberg 1895) -- (Sonnenberg 2007:33 [ref. 29286]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion bivittatum (Lönnberg 1895) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:202 [ref. 6198] with original genus as Fundulus, Seegers 1988:56 [ref. 19980], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:595 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:91 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:12 [ref. 25711], Pohlmann 2009:35 [ref. 30191]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion bivittatum (Lönnberg 1895). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

cognatum, Aphyosemion Meinken [H.] 1951:255, Fig. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 4 (no. 10); ref. 12900] Kinshasa [Leopoldville], Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1952.7.31.1-2 (2); ZMH 1213 (2 or 3). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:159 [ref. 22013]. •Valid as Aphyosemion cognatum Meinken 1951 -- (Radda 1980:4 [ref. 31297], Woeltjes 1983:11 [ref. 30503], Wildekamp et al. 1986:208 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:132 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:17 [ref. 25711], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2010:58 [ref. 31068], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011:84 [ref. 31317], van der Zee et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35718], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2018:7 [ref. 36381]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion cognatum Meinken 1951. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Congo River system, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

congicus, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1924:307 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 11/12); ref. 15436] Congo [south of lower Congo River]. Lectotype: ZMB 12420. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31487 [ex ZMB 12420] (12). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:164 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:164 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Aphyosemion congicum (Ahl 1924) -- (Woeltjes 1983:10 [ref. 30503], Wildekamp et al. 1986:209 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:12 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:135 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:17 [ref. 25711], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2010:58 [ref. 31068], Sonnenberg & van der Zee 2012:6 [ref. 32079], Valdesalici & Eberl 2013:157 [ref. 32900], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2018:7 [ref. 36381]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion congicum (Ahl 1924). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Central Africa: lower Congo River system. Habitat: freshwater.

cooperi, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.], Watters [B. R.] & Bellstedt [D. U.] in Nagy, Watters, Van der Merwe, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2017:209, Figs. 4-8 [African Journal of Aquatic Science v. 42 (no. 3); ref. 35665] Seasonal streams and associated seasonal pools in the upper Mansa River system, 20 km east of Mansa town on the road to Samfya, middle Luapula drainage, Luapula province, Zambia, 11°15.85'S, 29°02.57'E. Holotype: MRAC B3-028-P-0035. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius cooperi Nagy, Watters & Bellstedt 2017 -- (Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius cooperi Nagy, Watters & Bellstedt 2017. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Middle Luapula River drainage, northern Zambia. Habitat: freshwater.

cryptum, Aphyosemion van der Zee [J. R.], Walsh [G.], Boukaka Mikembi [V. N.], Jonker [M. N.], Alexandre [M. P.] & Sonnenberg [R.] 2018:80, Figs. 12-13 [Zootaxa 4369 (no. 1); ref. 35718] Tributary of the Mandoro River, tributary of the Louessé River, Niari River drainage, Republic of the Congo, 2°21'57"S, 12°46'16"E. Holotype: AMNH 263407. Paratypes: AMNH. •Valid as Aphyosemion cryptum van der Zee, Walsh, Boukaka Mikembi, Jonker, Alexandre & Sonnenberg 2018. Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion cryptum van der Zee, Walsh, Boukaka Mikembi, Jonker, Alexandre & Sonnenberg 2018. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Upper Louessé River system, southern Massif du Chaillu, Congo, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

cyaneus, Nothobranchius Seegers [L.] 1981:367, Figs. 1-2, 4 [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 34 (no. 11); ref. 8549] Kenya. Holotype: SMF 16397. Paratypes: BMNH 1981.9.30.2-5 (4); SMF 16398 (1), 16399-402 (4). Also appeared in Lung & Seegers 1981:185 [ref. 33707]. •Valid as Nothobranchius cyaneus Seegers 1981 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:263 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Nothobranchius jubbi Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979 -- (Lazara 2001:221 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Nothobranchius jubbi Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979, but a valid subspecies cyaneus -- (Neumann 2008:34 [ref. 30291]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius jubbi Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979. Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

cyanoflavum, Aphyosemion van der Zee [J. R.], Walsh [G.], Boukaka Mikembi [V. N.], Jonker [M. N.], Alexandre [M. P.] & Sonnenberg [R.] 2018:72, Figs. 6, 7, 8A-B, 9 [Zootaxa 4369 (no. 1); ref. 35718] 1.5 km south of the village of Lisoukou (10 km south of Mayoko) on the road R1 to Mossendjo, Leyou River, tributary of the Mandoro River, tributary of the Louessé River, Niari River drainage, Republic of the Congo, 2°21'57"S, 12°46'16"E. Holotype: AMNH 263406. Paratypes: AMNH. •Valid as Aphyosemion cyanoflavum van der Zee, Walsh, Boukaka Mikembi, Jonker, Alexandre & Sonnenberg 2018. Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion cyanoflavum van der Zee, Walsh, Boukaka Mikembi, Jonker, Alexandre & Sonnenberg 2018. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Upper Louessé River system, southern Massif du Chaillu, Congo, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

cyanostictum, Aphyosemion Lambert [J. G.] & Géry [J.] 1968:308, Fig. 4; Pl. 3 (upper fig.) [Biologia Gabonica v. 3 (no. 4) (for 1967); ref. 7903] Ivindo basin, Marigot of the village de Bélinga, Gabon. Holotype: MNHN 1972-0043. Paratypes: ANSP 112188 (3); MHNG 1221.18-23 (6); MNHN 1972-0033 (6), 1972-0042 (6), 1972-004 to 0045 (2, 56), 1972-0046 (7), 1972-0048 to 0049 (3, 2), 1972-74 (11), 1982-516 (12); MRAC 153825-30 (6). Type catalog: Mahnert 1976:472 [ref. 21535], Böhlke 1984:95 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Diapteron cyanostictum (Lambert & Géry 1968) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:242 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], van der Zee et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35718]). •Valid as Aphyosemion cyanostictum Lambert & Géry 1968 -- (Wildekamp 1993:137 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:17 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:173 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion cyanostictum Lambert & Géry 1968. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon and Equatorial Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

dageti, Epiplatys Poll [M.] 1953:265, Fig. 3 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 48 (pts 3-4); ref. 12714] Swamp near Port Bouet, 18 kilometers from Abidjan, 5°15'N, 3°58'W, southern Ivory Coast. Holotype: MRAC 88280. Paratypes: MRAC 88281 (1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:40 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Epiplatys dageti Poll 1953 -- (Huber 1982:62 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:249 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:628 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:54 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Aarn & Shepherd 2001:223 [ref. 25699], Pezold et al. 2016:105 [ref. 34870]). •Valid as Epiplatys dageti Poll 1953, subspecies dageti Poll 1953 -- (Dankwa et al. 1999:43 [ref. 28023], Lazara 2001:104 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys dageti Poll 1953. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

dargei, Aphyosemion (Kathetys) Amiet [J.-L.] 1987:125 [English p. 250], Pl. 67 (figs. 123-126) [Faune du Cameroun. Sciences Nat, Compiegne, France. v. 2; ref. 16153] Houe (Ngorro-Ngila tract), Cameroon Republic. Holotype: MNHN 1988-1142. Paratypes: (3, in 2 lots). •Valid as Kathetys dargei (Amiet 1987) -- (van der Zee et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35718]). •Valid as Aphyosemion dargei Amiet 1987 -- (Wildekamp 1993:139 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:18 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:179 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion dargei Amiet 1987. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

dauresi, Epiplatys olbrechtsi Romand [R.] 1985:10, Fig. 2C [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 17270] Waterhole in a drying stream, vicinity of Bouaké, near the village of Betnouanbo, central Ivory Coast. Holotype: MRAC 84-31-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 84-31-P-2-7 (1 ea.). •Synonym of Epiplatys olbrechtsi Poll 1941, but a valid subspecies dauresi Romand 1985 as described -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:639 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:104 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:110 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys olbrechtsi Poll 1941. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Central Ivory Coast, West Africa (this subspecies). Habitat: freshwater.

decemfasciata, Panchax grahami var. Pellegrin [J.] 1933:118 [Archiv für Hydrobiologie v. 26; ref. 3413] Bobo Dioulasso, West Burkina Faso, 11°12'N, 4°18'W, Equatorial West Africa. Syntypes: MNHN 1932-0303 (1) Upper Volta; NMBA 4381-82 (2) Ivory Coast. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:23 [ref. 19576], Wildekamp et al. 1986:261 [ref. 6198], Kottelat & Sutter 1988:55 [ref. 13796]. •Synonym of Epiplatys spilargyreius (Duméril 1861) -- (Huber 1982:61 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:261 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:631 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:125 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:115 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys spilargyreius (Duméril 1861). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

decorsei, Haplochilus Pellegrin [J.] 1904:223 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 10 (no. 5); ref. 15194] Bessou, Ubangi River [Central African Republic]. Lectotype: MNHN 1904-0061. Paralectotypes: (4) MNHN 1993-0292 [ex MNHN 1904-0061] (3). Lectotype selected by Huber 1994:79 [ref. 21309]. •Valid as Aphyosemion decorsei (Pellegrin 1904) -- (Woeltjes 1983:8 [ref. 30503], Wildekamp et al. 1986:209 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:141 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:18 [ref. 25711], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011:84 [ref. 31317]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion decorsei (Pellegrin 1904). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Central Africa: Central African Republic, Ubangi River system. Habitat: freshwater.

deltaense, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] 1976:55, Figs. 3-4 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift für die Schweiz und Oesterreich v. 23 (no. 4); ref. 20447] About 200 yards south of highway Sapele-Benin to Warri in western Nigeria delta, about 5°44'N, 5°45'E, Midwestern State, Nigeria. Holotype: NMW. Paratypes: NMW (3). Originally as deltaënse. •Synonym of Aphyosemion gulare (Boulenger 1901) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:217 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Aphyosemion deltaense Radda 1976 -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:600 [ref. 21590], Huber 2006:66 [ref. 30603]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax gularis (Boulenger 1902) -- (Wildekamp 1996:182 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:131 [ref. 25711]). •Tentatively valid as Fundulopanchax deltaensis (Radda 1976) -- (Huber 2006:66 [ref. 30603]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax deltaensis (Radda 1976). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Nigeria. Habitat: freshwater.

derhami, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] & Amato [G.] 2019:113, Figs. 1-2 + fig. p.124 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 25 (no. 3); ref. 36960] Temporary ditch associated with Nyando River floodplain, Lake Victoria basin, Kenya, 0°09'00.0"S, 35°00'18.0"E, elevation 1178 meters. Holotype: MSNG 61237. Paratypes: MSNG 61238 (8). Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Nothobranchius derhami Valdesalici & Amato 2019. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius derhami Valdesalici & Amato 2019. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Nyando River drainage, Lake Victoria basin, Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

devosi, Fenerbahce Sonnenberg [R.], Woeltjes [T.] & van der Zee [J. R.] 2011:4, Figs. 2-4 [Zootaxa 2966; ref. 31421] 67 km south from the ferry acoss the Congo River at Kisangani, towards Ubundu on the road R410, Ruiki River drainage, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 2008-19-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 2008-19-P-2-3 (2), 2008-19-P-4-5 (2). Plus non-type specimens ar MRAC. •Valid as Fenerbahce devosi Sonnenberg, Woeltjes & van der Zee 2011. Current status: Valid as Fenerbahce devosi Sonnenberg, Woeltjes & van der Zee 2011. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Eastern part of Congo River basain, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

ditte, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.] 2018:124, Figs. 4-7 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 2); ref. 35736] Ephemeral swamps of the Katate system, about 9.5 km northwest of Kilwa village, Lake Mweru basin, Democratic Republic of Congo, 09°12'33"S, 28°17'01"E. Holotype: MRAC 2016-027-P-0001. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius ditte Nagy 2018. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius ditte Nagy 2018. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Katate River drainage, Lake Mweru basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

dorsalis, Epiplatys Mayer [F.] (ex Ahl) 1936:257, Fig. 2 [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 33 (no. 17); ref. 19988] Old Calabar, southeastern Nigeria [but locality questioned]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21028. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:158 [ref. 19981]. Also appeared as new in Ahl 1938:54, Fig. 3 [ref. 17128]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:251 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:636 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:61 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866), subspecies fasciolatus (Günther 1866) -- (Lazara 2001:106 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

duboisi, Epiplatys Poll [M.] 1952:298, Fig. 4 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 46 (pts 3-4); ref. 12801] Near N'dolo, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 80139. Paratypes: MRAC 44725-30 (6), 75509-10 (2), 80140-41 (1, 1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:40 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Aplocheilus duboisi (Poll 1952) -- (Radda 1980:5 [ref. 31297]). •Valid as Aphyoplatys duboisi (Poll 1952) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:196 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:70 [ref. 26378], Poll & Gosse 1995:217 [ref. 24781], Aarn & Shepherd 2001:223 [ref. 25699]). •Valid as Epiplatys duboisi Poll 1952 -- (Lazara 2001:105 [ref. 25711], Collier et al. 2009:192 [ref. 30003]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys duboisi Poll 1952. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

ecucuense, Chromaphyosemion Sonnenberg [R.] 2008:361, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 18 (no. 4) [for 2007]; ref. 29383] Río Muni, Río Ecucu basin, 36 kilometers east of Bata, Equatorial Guinea. Holotype: MRAC 73039-P-1170. Paratypes: MRAC 73039-P-1171-1182 (12). Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Aphyosemion ecucuense (Sonnenberg 2008) -- (Pohlmann 2009:38 [ref. 30191], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion ecucuense (Sonnenberg 2008). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Coastal plain of northwestern Equatorial Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

edeanum, Aphyosemion Amiet [J.-L.] 1987:98 [English p. 223], Pls. 52-53 (fig.74), 68 (fig.130) [Faune du Cameroun. Sciences Nat, Compiegne, France. v. 2; ref. 16153] Mapubi, about 35 kilometers east of Edea, Sanaga basin, Cameroon Republic. Holotype: MNHN 1988-1141. Paratypes: (37 in 7 lots), plus additional material. •Valid as Aphyosemion edeanum Amiet 1987 -- (Wildekamp 1993:143 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:18 [ref. 25711], Legros & Zentz 2007:7 [ref. 29472], van der Zee et al. 2007:181 [ref. 30034], Agnèse et al. 2009:57 [ref. 30120]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion edeanum Amiet 1987. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

eggersi, Nothobranchius Seegers [L.] 1982:540, Figs. 1-2 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 96 (no. 3); ref. 8421] Rufiji River near Utete, eastern Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC 81-59-P-1. Paratypes: BMNH 1981.9.4.1-5 (5); MRAC 81-59-P-2-5 (4); SMF 16369-73 (5). •Valid as Nothobranchius eggersi Seegers 1982 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:264 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:218 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:48 [ref. 30291]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius eggersi Seegers 1982. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

elberti, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1924:309 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 11/12); ref. 15436] Jade Plateau, Cameroon. Lectotype: ZMB 21940. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31552 [ex ZMB 21940] (2). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:165 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:165 [ref. 19981]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion bualanum (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:203 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:602 [ref. 21590], Huber 1998:3 [ref. 23446]). •Valid as Aphyosemion elberti (Ahl 1924), subspecies elberti (Ahl 1924) -- (Lazara 2001:18 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Kathetys elberti (Ahl 1924) -- (van der Zee et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35718]). •Valid as Aphyosemion elberti (Ahl 1924) -- (Seegers 1988:14 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:145 [ref. 26378], van der Zee et al. 2007:177 [ref. 30034], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion elberti (Ahl 1924). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

elegans, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:113, Pl. 47 (fig. 2) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 5); ref. 589] Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1899.11.27.42-43 (2) Coquilhatville, 1899.11.27.44-46 (3) Bikoro; MRAC 990-992 (1, 1, 1), 993-995 (1, 1, 1). •Valid as Aphyosemion elegans (Boulenger 1899) -- (Woeltjes 1983:5 [ref. 30503], Wildekamp et al. 1986:210 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:149 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:19 [ref. 25711], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2010:58 [ref. 31068], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011:78 [ref. 31317], Sonnenberg & van der Zee 2012:6 [ref. 32079], van der Zee et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35718], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2018:5 [ref. 36381]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion elegans (Boulenger 1899). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Northern part of the Congo basin, Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] 1982:338, Fig. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 35 (no. 9); ref. 8395] Along the Mombasa-Kaioleni road, near Kaioleni, southern Kenya. Holotype: MRAC 82-10-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 82-10-P-2-6 (5). •Valid as Nothobranchius elongatus Wildekamp 1982 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:264 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:218 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:40 [ref. 28087], Valdesalici 2007:61 [ref. 29287], Neumann 2008:30 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici & Hengstler 2008:190 [ref. 29898], Wildekamp et al. 2009:251 [ref. 30677], Costa 2017:42 [ref. 35059]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius elongatus Wildekamp 1982. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

emini, Nothobranchius Ahl [E.] 1935:125 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 112 (nos 5/6); ref. 13867] Ikongoro, eastern Tanzania, 6°59'S, 39°97'E. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21392. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:162-163 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. Misspelled eiminki in Anonymous 1975:15 [ref. 30567]. •Synonym of Nothobranchius melanospilus (Pfeffer 1896) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:269 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp et al. 1998:289 [ref. 23323], Lazara 2001:224 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2009:240 [ref. 30677], Costa 2017:8 [ref. 35350], Costa 2019:82 [ref. 36530]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius melanospilus (Pfeffer 1896). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

erythron, Chromaphyosemion Sonnenberg [R.] 2008:365, Figs. 4-5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 18 (no. 4) [for 2007]; ref. 29383] Río Muni, road from Senye to Izaguirre, between Bisum and Avuenam, Equatorial Guinea. Holotype: MRAC P173188. Paratypes: MRAC P173178-84 (7), P173185-87 (3), P173189-96 (8), P173197 (1), MRAC 73-039-P-1164-65 (2), 73-039-P-1166-1169 (4). Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Aphyosemion erythron (Sonnenberg 2008) -- (Pohlmann 2009:38 [ref. 30191], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion erythron (Sonnenberg 2008). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Coastal plain of southwestern Equatorial Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

escherichi, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1924:304 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 11/12); ref. 15436] Attogondema, Cameroon [this region of Cameroon now belongs to Gabon]. Lectotype: ZMB 21936. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31488 [ex ZMB 21936] (now 10, 2 missing). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:165 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:165 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion striatum (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:238 [ref. 6198], Huber 1998:3, 7 [ref. 23446] with comments). •Valid as Aphyosemion escherichi (Ahl 1924) -- (Seegers 1987:539 [ref. 30942], Seegers 1988:17, 18 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:152 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:20 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Blum 2005:218 [ref. 28302], van der Zee et al. 2007:209 [ref. 30034], Valdesalici & Eberl 2014:112 [ref. 33277], Valdesalici & Eberl 2016:67 [ref. 34405], van der Zee et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35718], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564] as escherischi). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion escherichi (Ahl 1924). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

esekanus, Epiplatys Scheel [J. J.] 1968:186, 454, Fig. on p. 185 [Rivulins of the Old World; ref. 7644] Brook 15 miles northern of Eseka, near Esejka-Jaunde-Edea road-crossing, 3°49'N, 10°48'E, eastern Cameroon. Holotype: ZMUC P352584. Paratypes: MRAC 73-39-P-2593-604 (12), ZMUC P352585 (1, allotype). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:55 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Epiplatys esekanus Scheel 1968 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:250 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1996:57 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:105 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:87 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys esekanus Scheel 1968. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

etsamense, Aphyosemion (Mesoaphyosemion) Sonnenberg [R.] & Blum [T.] 2005:213, Figs. 1-4 [Bonner Zoologische Beiträge v. 53 (nos. 1-2); ref. 28302] Western slopes of the Monts de Cristal, small river at village of Etsam I, crossing the road N5 from Medoneu to Kougouleu, 0°46'34.1"N, 10°24'03"E, northwestern Gabon. Holotype: ZFMK 39832. Paratypes: IRET uncat. (2); MRAC A4-42-P-1-4 (4); ZFMK 39833-42 (10), 39843 (1), 39844-46 (3). Plus additonal material (photographs of live specimens). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:122 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Aphyosemion etsamense Sonnenberg & Blum 2005 -- (Eberl 2015:65 [ref. 33885]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion etsamense Sonnenberg & Blum 2005. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

etzeli, Epiplatys Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1975:191, Figs. 1-2 [Aquarienfreund v. 4 (no. 10); ref. 7357] Creek in the vicinity of Ono, 5°22'N, 3°34'W, southern Ivory Coast. Holotype: MRAC 75-60-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 75-60-P-2 (1, allotype), 75-60-P-3 (1), 75-60-P-4-10 (7), 75-60-P-11-14 (4), 75-60-P-15-19 (5); ZMH 5678-81 (2, 11, 6, 11). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:416 [ref. 21161]. •Valid as Epiplatys etzeli Berkenkamp 1975 -- (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1980:34 [ref. 30497] misspelled etzteli, Huber 1982:64 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:250 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:631 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:59 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:105 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys etzeli Berkenkamp 1975. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ivory Coast. Habitat: freshwater.

etzeli, Roloffia Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1979:4, Fig. 1 [Killi-contact: Périodique bimestriel / Association Killiphile Francophone de Belgique; ref. 20797] Port Loko District, near Kirma, western Sierra Leone. Holotype: SMF 15058. Paratypes: SMF 15059-61 (3), 15062-65 (4). Appeared in English in Berkenkamp 1980 [ref. 8743]. •Valid as Aphyosemion etzeli (Berkenkamp 1979) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:210 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:340 [ref. 26477], Wildekamp 1993:155 [ref. 26378]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion geryi Lambert 1958 -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:608 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Roloffia etzeli Berlenkamp 1979 -- (Etzel 2001:25 [ref. 26656]). •Valid as Scriptaphyosemion etzeli (Berkenkamp 1979) -- (Lazara 2001:290 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Scriptaphyosemion roloffi (Roloff 1936) -- (Sonnenberg & Busch 2012:24 [ref. 32091]). Current status: Valid as Scriptaphyosemion etzeli (Berkenkamp 1979). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sierra Leone. Habitat: freshwater.

exigoideum, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] & Huber [J. H.] 1977:141, Fig. 2 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 24 (no. 8); ref. 7277] Small rainforest creek near Mandilou, western Gabon, elevation 70 meters. Holotype: NMW 90745 (1 of 2). Paratypes: MNHN 1978-0410 [or 0140] (4), MRAC (2), MZUV (8), NMW 90745 (1 of 2). •Valid as Aphyosemion exigoideum Radda & Huber 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:210 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:157 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:20 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:187 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion exigoideum Radda & Huber 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

exiguus, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:265 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 8 (no. 44); ref. 578] Nyong River, southern Cameroon. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1904.7.1.23. •Valid as Aphyosemion exiguum (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:211 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:15 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:159 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:20 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:177 [ref. 30034], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). •Valid as Kathetys exiguum (Boulenger 1911) -- (Sonnenberg & Schunke 2010:337 [ref. 30994]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion exiguum (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

fallax, Aphyosemion (Fundulopanchax) Ahl [E.] in Schreitmüller 1935:339, Fig. [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 32 (no. 22); ref. 35917] Ghana [questioned]. Neotype: BMNH 1986.11.24.1 [ex BMNH 1933.3.28.11-12]. No types at ZMB: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847], Paepke & Seegers 1986:155 [ref. 19981]. Neotype designated by Seegers 1988:28 [ref. 19980]. Described in more detail by Ahl 1935:251 [ref. 13865]. •Nomen dubium -- (Huber 2006:69 [ref. 30603]). •Valid as Aphyosemion fallax Ahl 1935 -- (Seegers 1988:27 [ref. 19980]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion walkeri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:241 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:599 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax fallax (Ahl 1935) -- (Wildekamp 1996:164 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:126 [ref. 25711], Huber 2006:66 [ref. 30603], van der Zee et al. 2007:111 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax fallax (Ahl 1935). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciatus, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] & Haas [R.] 1992:10, Figs. 9-10 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 14383] Flood pool on the road from Kisimayo over Badada to Kolbio, about 107.8 kilometers from Kisimayo, about 0°43'S, 41°52'E, Somalia. Holotype: BMNH 1986.11.24.7. Paratypes: BMNH 1986.11.24.8-12 (5); MRAC 86-48-P-11-24 (14), 86-48-P-25 (1). •Valid as Nothobranchius fasciatus Wildekamp & Haas 1992 -- (Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:219 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26060], Neumann 2008:92 [ref. 30291], Valdesaliciv 2010:60 [ref. 30802], Nagy 2010:15 [ref. 33749], Nagy 2012:71 [ref. 34192]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius fasciatus Wildekamp & Haas 1992. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Somalia. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciolatus, Haplochilus Günther [A.] 1866:358 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Freetown, 8°30'N, 13°15'W, Sierra Leon [Also Upper Nile]. Syntypes: (at least 6) BMNH 1863.3.9.24 (1) Khartum, 1866.7.15.8-11 (?5) Sierra Leone. •In part valid as Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:250 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866) -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:636 [ref. 21590], Romand 1994:367 [ref. 21575], Wildekamp 1996:61 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Aarn & Shepherd 2001:223 [ref. 25699]). •In part (syntypes from upper Nile only) synonym of Epiplatys spilargyreius (Duméril 1861) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:260 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866), subspecies fasciolatus (Günther 1866) -- (Lazara 2001:105 [ref. 25711], Etzel 2009:82 [ref. 30290]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Liberia and Sierra Leone. Habitat: freshwater.

fellmanni, Aphyosemion van der Zee [J. R.] & Sonnenberg [R.] 2018:7, Figs. 1-6, 10 [Killi-Data Series 2018; ref. 36381] Djouari River, Djoué River basin, Département de Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo, 4°11.52'S, 15°08.41'E. Holotype: MRAC 2014-023-P-0001. Paratypes: AMNH, MRAC, ZSM. •Valid as Aphyosemion fellmanni van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2018. Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion fellmanni van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2018. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Djoué River basin, Republic of the Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

ferranti, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:285 [Bulletins Mensuels / Société des naturalistes Luxembourgeois v. 20 (no. 10); ref. 14431] Forest creek near Kondué, Kasai Province, southern Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1913.4.5.10 (1). Non-types: MRAC 1864-69 (6), 3327-36 (10), 3337-47 (11), 3348-50 (3), 15325-28 (4). •Valid as Aphyosemion ferranti (Boulenger 1910) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:211 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:162 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:21 [ref. 25711], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2010:64 [ref. 31068], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011:84 [ref. 31317], van der Zee et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion ferranti (Boulenger 1910). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

festivum, Aphyosemion pascheni Amiet [J.-L.] 1987:89 [English p. 214], Pl. 48 (figs. 57, 58) [Faune du Cameroun. Sciences Nat, Compiegne, France. v. 2; ref. 16153] Nyete, 10 kilometers southeast of Kribi, Cameroon Republic. Holotype: not researched. Paratypes: (4) MNHN 1988-1140 (1). •Possibly a valid species -- (Huber 1998:335 [ref. 23502]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion pascheni (Ahl 1928), but a valid subspecies festivum Amiet 1987 as described -- (Wildekamp 1993:247 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:28 [ref. 25711], Legros & Zentz 2007:7 [ref. 29472], van der Zee et al. 2007:225 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion pascheni (Ahl 1928). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon (for the subspecies). Habitat: freshwater.

filamentosus, Fundulopanchax Meinken [H.] 1933:249, Fig. [Blätter für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 44 (no. 15); ref. 16503] Aquarium material, possibly from Togo, West Africa [also possibly near Lagos, Nigeria]. Lectotype: ZMB 21096. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31478 [ex ZMB 21096] (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:159 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype designaed in Paepke & Seegers 1986:159 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Aphyosemion filamentosus (Meinken 1933) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:212 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:32 [ref. 19980], Paugy & Bénech 1989:303 [ref. 26478] dated 1932, Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:600 [ref. 21590] as filamentosum). •Valid as Fundulopanchax filamentosus Meinken 1933 -- (Wildekamp 1996:167 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:127 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax filamentosus Meinken 1933. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

flagrans, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.] 2014:264, Figs. 4-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 25 (no. 3); ref. 33623] Mufufya River, about 2.5 km north of Pande village, 10°36.481'S, 26°50.567'E, Lufira drainage, Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC B4-019-P-0001. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius flagrans Nagy 2014 -- (Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:131 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius flagrans Nagy 2014. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Lower Lufira drainage, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

flammicomantis, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.], Watters [B. R.] & Sainthouse [I. F. N.] 1998:781, Fig. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 51 (no. 12); ref. 24132] Dutumi area, Kisaki to Morogoro roadside pond, Tanzania. Original not yet seen. •Valid as Nothobranchius flammicomantis Wildekamp, Watters & Sainthouse 1998 -- (Lazara 2001:219 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius flammicomantis Wildekamp, Watters & Sainthouse 1998. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

flammulatum, Aphyosemion Chirio [L.], Legros [O.] & Agnèse [J.-F.] in Agnèse, Chirio, Legros, Oslisly & Bhé 2018:13, Fig. 4E-H [European Journal of Taxonomy No. 471; ref. 36256] Lower Aloumbé River, Gabon, 0.39594S, 9.30772E, elevation 30 meters. Holotype: MRAC 2016-019-P-11. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Aphyosemion flammulatum Chirio, Legros & Agnèse 2018. Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion flammulatum Chirio, Legros & Agnèse 2018. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Aloumbé River basin, Wonga-Wongué Presidential Reserve, Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

flavipinnis, Aplocheilichthys Meinken [H.] 1932:54, Fig. 2 [Blätter für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 43 (no. 4); ref. 16502] Near Lagos, about 6°27'N, 3°23'E, southwestern Nigeria. Lectotype: ZMB 31420. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31421 (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:149 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected by Paepke & Seegers 1986:149 [ref. 19981]. •Possible synonym of Aplocheilichthys pfaffi Daget 1954 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:181 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Foerschichthys flavipinnis (Meinken 1932) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:262 [ref. 6198], Paugy & Bénech 1989:303 [ref. 26478], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:639 [ref. 21590], Poll & Gosse 1995:213 [ref. 24781], Wildekamp 1996:148 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:123 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Foerschichthys flavipinnis (Meinken 1932). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

flavocyaneum, Aphyosemion Chirio [L.], Legros [O.] & Agnèse [J.-F.] in Agnèse, Chirio, Legros, Oslisly & Bhé 2018:9, Fig. 4A-D [European Journal of Taxonomy No. 471; ref. 36256] Lake Ndaminzé, Gabon, 0.42874S, 9.54502E, elevation 115 meters. Holotype: MRAC 2016-019-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC. Misspelled cyanoflavum [not of Van der Zee et al. 2018] in original description, caption of Fig. 4A-D. •Valid as Aphyosemion flavocyaneum Chirio, Legros & Agnèse 2018. Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion flavocyaneum Chirio, Legros & Agnèse 2018. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Awagné River basin, Wonga-Wongué Presidential Reserve, Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

flavus, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1924:311 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 11/12); ref. 15436] Niger. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21175. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:165 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Epiplatys flavus (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:252 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion calliurum (Boulenger 1911) -- (Seegers 1988:4, 6 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:100 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:13 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion calliurum (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

foerschi, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] & Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1979:146, Fig. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 11 (no. 11); ref. 17837] Tanzania, 6°43'S, 38°49'E. Holotype: SMF 4356. Paratypes: ZMH 344 (6), 972 (2); ZSM 15433 (1), 18763-70 (8). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:271 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Nothobranchius foerschi Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:264 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:219 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:60 [ref. 30291], Watters et al. 2008:130 [ref. 29473], Costa 2009:123 [ref. 30421]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius foerschi Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

formosus, Adamas Huber [J. H.] 1979:6, Figs. 1-3 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 2269] In front of Ntokou village near the banks of Likouala-Mossaka River, Republic of the Congo. Holotype: MNHN 1979-0199. Paratypes: MNHN 1979-0200 to 0202 (4, 6, 6). An English translation appeared as Huber 1979:166 [ref. 2270]. Fererbahce is the valid name, contrary to Huber 2007 [ref. 29114] -- see account of Fenerbahce. •Valid as Adamas formosus Huber 1979 -- (Radda 1980:5 [ref. 31297], Wildekamp et al. 1986:195 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:12 [ref. 26378], Poll & Gosse 1995:215 [ref. 24781], Lazara 2001:1 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Adamans formosus (Huber 1979) -- (Huber 2007:211 [ref. 29114]). •Valid as Fenerbahce formosus (Huber 1979) -- (Sonnenberg et al. 2011:1 [ref. 31421]). Current status: Valid as Fenerbahce formosus (Huber 1979). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Central Africa: Republic of Congo and Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

franzwerneri, Aphyosemion Scheel [J. J.] 1971:61, Fig. [Tropical Fish Hobbyist v. 19 (no. 5); ref. 7588] Small source 15 kilometers north of the Douala-Edea-Yabassi road junction, towards Yabassi, eastern Cameroon. Holotype: ZMUC P352628. Paratypes: ZMUC P352629 (1, allotype), 352630 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:55 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Scheelsemion franzwerneri (Scheel 1971) -- (van der Zee et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35718]). •Valid as Aphyosemion franzwerneri Scheel 1971 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:212 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:164 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:21 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:189 [ref. 30034], Agnèse et al. 2009:57 [ref. 30120], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730], Eberl 2016:40 [ref. 34296]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion franzwerneri Scheel 1971. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

fredrodi, Roloffia Vandersmissen [J.-P.], Etzel [V.] & Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1980:4, Fig. 1 [Killi-contact: Périodique bimestriel / Association Killiphile Francophone de Belgique v 8 (no. 6); ref. 20512] On Pujehun-Bo Road, 2 miles from Goburu, southwest of Sierra Leone, 7°25'N, 11°42'W. Holotype: SMF 15310. Paratypes: SMF 15311-12 (3, 4). •Synonym of Aphyosemion liberiense (Boulenger 1908) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:221 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:35 [ref. 19980], Paugy et al. 1990:340 [ref. 26477]). •Valid as Scriptaphyosemion fredrodi (Vandersmissen, Etzel & Berkenkamp 1980) -- (Lazara 2001:290 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Busch 2012:15 [ref. 32091], Costa 2015:142 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Scriptaphyosemion fredrodi (Vandersmissen, Etzel & Berkenkamp 1980). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sierra Leone. Habitat: freshwater.

fulgens, Aphyosemion georgiae Radda [A. C.] 1975:18, Pl. 12 [British Killifish Association, Killi News Jun. 1975; ref. 20501] A brook in the rainforest near Esenkelle, 52 kilometers west of Makokou, northern Gabon. Holotype: NMW 77341. Paratypes: NMW 77342-43 (1, 2). •Valid as Diapteron fulgens (Radda 1975) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:243 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], van der Zee et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35718]). •Valid as Aphyosemion fulgens Radda 1975 -- (Wildekamp 1993:166 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:22 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:171 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion fulgens Radda 1975. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

furzeri, Nothobranchius Jubb [R. A.] 1971:14, Figs. 2-4 [Journal of the American Killifish Association v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 8000] Sazale Pan, Gona-re-Zhou Game Reserve, Rhodesia, about 21°40'S, 31°45'E. Holotype: AMG P1239. Paratypes: AMG P1240 (9). Type catalog: Skelton & Stuart 1987:186 [ref. 12628]. •Valid as Nothobranchius furzeri Jubb 1971 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:265 [ref. 6198], Skelton 1993:270 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:219 [ref. 25711], Skelton 2001:270 [ref. 27406], Valdesalici 2007:61 [ref. 29287], Neumann 2008:39 [ref. 30291], Reichard 2010:49 [ref. 30694], Shidlovskiy et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31079], Marshall 2011:192 [ref. 31755]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius furzeri Jubb 1971. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa: Zimbabwe and southern Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater.

fuscotaeniatus, Nothobranchius Seegers [L.] 1997:12 [Killifishes of the World. Old World Killis II; ref. 23895] Lower Rufiji drainage, about 2 kilometers south of Ndundu Ferry across Rufiji River on road from Nyamwage to Kibiti, Tanzania. Holotype: ZMB 32781. Paratypes: ZMB 32782 (3), 32783 (6). •Valid as Nothobranchius fuscotaeniatus Seegers 1997 -- (Lazara 2001:220 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:39 [ref. 30291]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius fuscotaeniatus Seegers 1997. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

gabunense, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] 1975:17, Pl. 11 [British Killifish Association, Killi News Jun. 1975; ref. 20501] Small and swampy brook in the rainforest between Lambarené and Fougamou along National Road No. 1, about 30 kilometers southeast of Lambarené, western Gabon, 0°50'S, 10°22'E. Holotype: NMW 77338. Paratypes: NMW 77339-40 (1, 1). •Valid as Aphyosemion gabunense Radda 1975 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:213 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:168 [ref. 26378], Huber 1998:335 [ref. 23502]). •Valid as Aphyosemion gabunense Radda 1975, subspecies gabunense Radda 1975 -- (Lazara 2001:22 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:237 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion gabunense Radda 1975. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon; this subspecies is lower Ogowe and Ngounie River systems. Habitat: freshwater.

gambiensis, Fundulus Svensson [G. S. O.] 1933:81, Fig. 25 [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 16524] MacCarthy Island, swamp near Gambia River, Gambia, about 13°28'N, 16°34'W. Holotype (unique): NRM 11146. •Synonym of Pronothobranchius kiyawensis (Ahl 1928) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:276 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:145 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Nothobranchius kiyawensis Ahl 1928 -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:616 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:222 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Pronothobranchius gambiensis (Svensson 1933) -- (Valdesalici 2013:28 [ref. 33090]). Current status: Valid as Pronothobranchius gambiensis (Svensson 1933). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Gambia River drainage in Gambia and.Senegel. Habitat: freshwater.

gardneri, Fundulus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:261 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 8 (no. 44); ref. 578] Okwoga, headwaters of Cross River, 7°N, 7°45'E, Nigeria. Syntypes: BMNH 1910.9.7.2-4 (3). •Valid as Aphyosemion gardneri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:213 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:613 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp 1996:170 [ref. 23649]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911), subspecies gardneri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Lazara 2001:128 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:133 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Nigeria. Habitat: freshwater.

geminus, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.], Watters [B. R.] & Sainthouse [I. F. N.] 2002:2, Figs. 2-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 26060] Interconnected pools in a flooded grassy area, 2 kilometers south of Ifakara, on the east side of the road to the ferry across the Kilombero River, 8°10'S, 36°42'E, Ifakara, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC 97-83-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 97-83-P-2-17 (16). •Valid as Nothobranchius geminus Wildekamp, Watters & Sainthouse 2002 -- (Neumann 2008:70 [ref. 30291], Valdesaliciv 2010:60 [ref. 30802]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius geminus Wildekamp, Watters & Sainthouse 2002. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

georgiae, Aphyosemion Lambert [J. G.] & Géry [J.] 1968:306, Fig. 3; Pl. 3 (lower fig.) [Biologia Gabonica v. 3 (no. 4) (for 1967); ref. 7903] Marigot in front of the camp at Bélinga, Ivindo River basin, Gabon. Holotype: MNHN 1972-39. Paratypes and non-types: ANSP 112184 (3); MHNG 1221.12-14 (3); MNHN 1972-0031 (?46), 1979-0038 (3), 1979-0040 to 0041 (29, 14), 1982-0518 to 0519 (4, 1); MRAC 153831-36 (7). Type catalog: Mahnert 1976:472 [ref. 21535], Böhlke 1984:96 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Diapteron georgiae (Lambert & Géry 1968) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:243 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], van der Zee et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35718]). •Valid as Aphyosemion georgiae Lambert & Géry 1968 -- (Wildekamp 1993:174 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:22 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:171 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion georgiae Lambert & Géry 1968. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

geryi, Aphyosemion guineense Lambert [J. G.] 1958:52, Fig. 6 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 57 (nos 1-2); ref. 12083] Conakry-Dubreka, French Guinea. Holotype: MRAC 119601. Paratypes: MRAC 119602-18 (17). •Valid as "Roloffia" geryi (Lambert 1958) -- (Murphy & Collier 1997:797 [ref. 25585]). •Valid as Aphyosemion geryi Lambert 1958 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:215 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:120 [ref. 26480], Paugy et al. 1990:340 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:608 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:176 [ref. 26378]). •Valid as Rollofia roloffi, subspecies geryi (Lambert 1958) -- (Knaack 1970:62 [ref. 25875]). •Valid as Scriptaphyosemion geryi (Lambert 1958) -- (Lazara 2001:291 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Busch 2012:15 [ref. 32091], Costa 2015:142 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Scriptaphyosemion geryi (Lambert 1958). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Western Africa: northern Sierra Leone to Senegal. Habitat: freshwater.

grahami, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:267 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 8 (no. 44); ref. 578] Swamps in Lagos, 6°27'N, 3°23'E, Nigeria. Syntypes: BMNH 1911.5.8.1-4 (4 or 5). •Valid as Epiplatys grahami (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:252 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:635 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:70 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:107 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:91 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys grahami (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

grelli, Aphyosemion Valdesalici [S.] & Eberl [W.] 2013:157, Figs. 1-4 [Vertebrate Zoology v. 63 (no. 2); ref. 32900] Province de la Nauounie, Depart. de Tsamba-Magotsi, Ikoy River System (00°59'07"S, 10°56'00" E), Gabon. Holotype: SMNS 25471. Paratypes: SMNS 27979 [not 25472] (7), MTD F 32782-83 (2). Additional information on type locality is provided by Eberl 2014:15 [ref. 33170]. •Valid as Aphyosemion grelli Valdesalici & Eberl 2013 -- (Valdesalici & Eberl 2014:112 [ref. 33277], Valdesalici & Eberl 2016:66 [ref. 34405]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion grelli Valdesalici & Eberl 2013. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ikoy River system, Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

gresensi, Fundulopanchax Berkenkamp [H. O.] 2003:51, Figs. [Aquaristik aktuell (Germany) v. 11; ref. 27548] West Cameroon, 5°34'N, 9°50'E. Holotype: SMF 29328. Paratypes: SMF 29329 (1), 29330 (14). •Valid as Fundulopanchax gresensi Berkenkamp 2003 -- (van der Zee et al. 2007:117 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax gresensi Berkenkamp 2003. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

guentheri, Fundulus Pfeffer [G. J.] 1893:167 [39] [Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten v. 10; ref. 3461] Zanzibar, Tanzania, East Africa. Lectotype: ZMH H440. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1857.3.9.507-508 (2), 1864.2.10.9 (1); ZMH H441 (3), H442 (28). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:161 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:404 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. On p. 39 of separate. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:161 [ref. 19181]. •Valid as Nothobranchius guentheri (Pfeffer 1893) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:265 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Wildekamp et al. 1998:293 [ref. 23323], Fuller et al. 1999:289 [ref. 25838], Lazara 2001:220 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26060], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Mundy 2005:292 [ref. 28379], Neumann 2008:61 [ref. 30291], Watters et al. 2008:130 [ref. 29473], Costa 2017:5 [ref. 35350]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius guentheri (Pfeffer 1893). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Unguja Island, Zanzibar archipelago, eastern Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

guignardi, Roloffia Romand [R.] 1981:1, Figs. 1-2 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 8557] Waterway of 2-3 meters wide, 0.1 meters deep, 31 kilometers from the city of Labé towards Gaoual, Guinea. Holotype: MNHN 1981-0599. Paratypes: MNHN 1981-0600 (1, allotype), 1981-0601 to 0602 (8, 10); MRAC 81-08-P-1-10 (10), 81-08-P-11-15 (5). •Valid as Aphyosemion guignardi (Romand 1981) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:216 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:120 [ref. 26480], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:609 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:180 [ref. 26378]). •Valid as Scriptaphyosemion guignardi (Romand 1981) -- (Lazara 2001:291 [ref. 25711], Costa 2009:123 [ref. 30421], Sonnenberg & Busch 2012:15 [ref. 32091], Costa 2015:142 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Scriptaphyosemion guignardi (Romand 1981). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Western Africa: Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

guineense, Aphyosemion Daget [J.] 1954:315, Fig. 119 [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 36; ref. 11989] Dabola, southeastern Guinée (ca. 10°81'N, 11°03'W). Lectotype: MNHN 1960-0475. Paralectotypes: IFAN (50, 2 dissected) Simandou; MNHN 1935-0226 to 0227 (4) Banamanan, 1951-2094 to 0295 (?), 1960-0476 (39) Banian, 1997-0033 [ex 1960-475] (7). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:272 [ref. 20870]. Lectotype selected by Daget in Huber 1998:14 [ref. 23446]. •Valid as Aphyosemion guineense Daget 1954 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:216 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:340 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:605 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:183 [ref. 26378], Aarn & Shepherd 2001:223 [ref. 25699]). •Valid as Archiaphyosemion guineense (Daget 1954) -- (Lazara 2001:53 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Busch 2009:18 [ref. 30570], Costa 2015:140 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Archiaphyosemion guineense (Daget 1954). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

guineensis, Epiplatys Romand [R.] 1994:366, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 21575] Toukoudi River, a tributary of Konkouré River, 36 kilometers south of town of Mamou, 10°17'N, 12°27'W, Guinea. Holotype: MNHN 1993-0258. Paratypes: MNHN 1993-0259 (4); MRAC 92-059-P-2338-2347 (10). •Valid as Epiplatys guineensis Romand 1994 -- (Wildekamp 1996:73 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:107 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys guineensis Romand 1994. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

gularis, Fundulus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:623, Pl. 37 (figs. 2-3) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1901, v. 2 (pt 2) (art. 7); ref. 14840] Agberi, in shallow creeks and flooded yam plantations, 5°14'N, 6°24'E, southern Nigeria. Syntypes: BMNH 1901.12.18.1-6 (6). •Valid as Aphyosemion gulare (Boulenger 1902) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:217 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:601 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax gularis (Boulenger 1902) -- (Wildekamp 1996:182 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:131 [ref. 25711], Huber 2006:66 [ref. 30603]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax gularis (Boulenger 1902). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

gustavi, Fundulus Ahl [E.] 1924:143 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 61(nos 5/6); ref. 15437] Sangmelina, at upper Lobo River, 2°56'N, 11°59'E, southern Cameroon. Lectotype: ZMB 21199. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31481 [ex ZMB 21199] (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:160 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:160 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion batesii (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:200 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:56 [ref. 19980], Lazara 2001:10 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax batesii (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp 1996:158 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Raddaella batesii (Boulenger 1911) -- (Sonnenberg & Schunke 2010:337 [ref. 30994]). Current status: Synonym of Raddaella batesii (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

haasi, Aphyosemion cameronense Radda [A. C.] & Pürzl [E.] 1976:140, Figs. 6, 8 [part] [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 8 (no. 11); ref. 20503] Mountain stream, about 27 kilometers northwest of Zomoko, Amvené tributary, north of Lalara, northern Gabon. Holotype: NMW. Paratypes: NMW (1). •Synonym of Aphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:205 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Lazara 2001:15 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp 1993:106 [ref. 26378], van der Zee et al. 2007:203 [ref. 30034]). •Valid as Aphyosemion haasi Radda & Pürzl 1976 -- (Dadaniak et al. 1995:332 [ref. 36170], Sonnenberg & Blum 2005:211 [ref. 28302] in subgenus Mesoaphyosemion). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion haasi Radda & Pürzl 1976. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: northern Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

halleri, Aphyosemion cameronense Radda [A. C.] & Pürzl [E.] 1976:138, Figs. 5, 8 [part] [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 8 (no. 11); ref. 20503] Quellfassung der Wasserversorgungsanlage der Katholischen Mission in Ambam, Cameroon. Holotype: NMW. Paratypes: NMW (2). •Synonym of Aphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:205 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Wildekamp 1993:106 [ref. 26378], van der Zee et al. 2007:201 [ref. 30034]). •Valid as Aphyosemion halleri Radda & Pürzl 1976 -- (Dadaniak et al. 1995:320 [ref. 36170], Lazara 2001:23 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Blum 2005:211 [ref. 28302]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion halleri Radda & Pürzl 1976. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon and Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

hanneloreae, Aphyosemion hanneloreae Radda [A. C.] & Pürzl [E.] 1985:157, Fig. 1 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 32 (no. 11); ref. 17262] Tiny mountain rainforest swamp creek in Malinga, Ngounié Province, near the border of Kongo, southern Gabon, elevation 400 meters. Holotype: NMW not researched. Paratypes: NMW (2). Appears as Aphyosemion h. hanneloreae sp. nov; regarded as a new species and new subspecies. •Valid as Aphyosemion hanneloreae Radda & Pürzl 1985, subspecies hannaloreae Radda & Pürzl 1985 -- (Lazara 2001:23 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Aphyosemion hanneloreae Radda & Pürzl 1985 -- (Wildekamp 1993:185 [ref. 26378], van der Zee et al. 2007:211 [ref. 30034], Valdesalici & Eberl 2014:112 [ref. 33277], van der Zee et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion hanneloreae Radda & Pürzl 1985. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Southern Gabon, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

hassoni, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] & Wildekamp [R. H.] 2004:242, Figs. 1-2 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova v. 96; ref. 28097] Kanvungwe, ephemeral pool in Lufwa river floodplain, 9°28'39.4"S, 27°17'04.9"E. Katanga Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MSNG 51837. Paratypes: MRAC A3-28-P-1 (1), A3-28-P-2 to P-3 (2), A3-28-P-4 (1); MSNG 51838-40 (3), 51841-42 (2), 51843-44 (1, 1). •Valid as Nothobranchius hassoni Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2004 -- (Neumann 2008:62 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:358 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Watters et al. 2015:101 [ref. 33955], Nagy et al. 2016:251 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:131 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius hassoni Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2004. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Lufwa River basin, lower Lufira drainage, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

hastingsi, Roloffia Roloff [E.] in Wright 1972:Unnumbered p., Fig. [British Killifish Association Publications (Appendix to British Killifish Association Newsletter) No. 83; ref. 23227] Small streams and pools, Sierra Leone. No types known. Dates to Roloff in Wright as above. Wright 1972 [ref. 23227] gave author as Roloff 1971 but provided a diagnosis and comparisons with related species. Wildekamp 1993:164 [ref. 26378] also cited the use of this name as Roloffia roloffia hastingsi by Roloff 1971; also as Roloffia hastingsi by Radda 1976 as nomina nuda. •Synonym of Scriptaphyosemion roloffi (Roloff 1936) -- (Lazara 2001:293 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Scriptaphyosemion roloffi (Roloff 1936). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

hastingsi, Roloffia roloffi Roloff [E.] 1971:285, Fig. (upper right) [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 24 (no. 9); ref. 7585] No types known. Name only in figure caption, not available, published after 1930 without description; dates to Roloff in Wright 1972. •In the synonymy of Aphyosemion roloffi Roloff 1936 -- (Seegers 1988:47 [ref. 19980], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:611 [ref. 21590] as hastingi). •In the synonymy of Scriptaphyosemion roloffi (Roloff 1936) -- (Lazara 2001:293 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Scriptaphyosemion roloffi (Roloff 1936). Nothobranchiidae.

heinemanni, Aphyosemion Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1983:803, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 97 (no. 4); ref. 8373] Song Mahi, situated in the affluents to Nyong River system, Cameroon, 3°23'N, 10°32'W. Holotype: MRAC 78-31-P-3. Paratypes: MRAC 78-31-P-4 (1). Aphyosemion heinemanni Berkenkamp, 1980 appeared as name only in Seegers 1980:150 [ref. 23122]. •Valid as Aphyosemion heinemanni Berkenkamp 1983 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:218 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:189 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:23 [ref. 25711], Van de Zee et al. 2007:181 [ref. 30034], Agnèse et al. 2009:57 [ref. 30120]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion heinemanni Berkenkamp 1983. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

hengstleri, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] 2007:62, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa No. 1587; ref. 29287] Cabo Delgado, about 5 kilometers north of Nassoro village, temporary pools, 10°53.222'S, 40°22.094'E, Mozambique. Holotype: ZSM 34483. Paratypes: ZSM 34484 (1), 34485 (1), 34486 (1). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:271 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Nothobranchius hengstleri Valdesalici 2007 -- (Neumann 2008:62 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici & Hengstler 2008:191 [ref. 29898], Reichard 2010:50 [ref. 30694], Wildekamp et al. 2009:251 [ref. 30677], Valdesalici et al. 2012:19 [ref. 32064], Costa 2017:42 [ref. 35059]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius hengstleri Valdesalici 2007. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Cabo Delgado, northeastern Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater.

hera, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] 1998:332, Figs. 1-2 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 105 (no. 2); ref. 23502] 45 kilometers northeast of Lambaréné, on road to Bifound, near Benguié, lower Ogooué basin, 0°47'S, 10°32'E, Gabon. Holotype: MHNG 2590.64. Paratypes: BMNH 1998.1.21.1-3 (3); MHNG 2590.65 (1); MNHN 1997-0184 (2), 1997-0185 (4); USNM 347463 (3). •Valid as Aphyosemion hera Huber 1998 -- (Huber 1999:53 [ref. 25500], Lazara 2001:23 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:169 [ref. 30034], van der Zee et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion hera Huber 1998. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

herzogi, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] 1975:5, Pls. 8-9 [part] [British Killifish Association, Killi News Jun. 1975; ref. 20501] Fast running brook about 3 kilometers north of Zoumoukou or 16 kilometers north of Lalara on the road to Mitzic and Oyem, northern Gabon, 0°27'N, 12°15'E. Holotype: NMW 77327. Paratypes: NMW 77328-31 (1, 1, 1, 1). •Valid as Aphyosemion herzogi Radda 1975 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:218 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:191 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:23 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:199 [ref. 30034], Eberl 2016:40 [ref. 34296]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion herzogi Radda 1975. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

hildegardae, Epiplatys Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1978:133, Fig. 4 [Killi Kontakt v. 6 (no. 6); ref. 21586] N'Zérékoré, 7°54'N, 8°49"W, southeastern Guinea. Holotype: MRAC 73-39-P-626. Paratypes: MRAC 73-39-P-628-629 (1, 1), 73-39-P-630-38 (9). •Valid as Epiplatys hildegardae Berkenkamp 1978 -- (Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:634 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:75 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:107 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys hildegardae Berkenkamp 1978. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

hjerresensii, Aphyosemion australe var. Meinken [H.] 1953:123 [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 6 (no. 12); ref. 26379] Name has been cited by others as a variety or subspecies (see Wildekamp 1993:83 [ref. 26378]). Not available -- see Huber 2006:12 [ref. 28935]. Also seen as hjerreseni and hjerresenii. •In the synonymy of Aphyosemion australe (Rachow 1921) -- (Wildekamp 1993:83 [ref. 26378]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion australe (Rachow 1921). Nothobranchiidae.

hofmanni, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] 1980:203, Fig. 3 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 27 (no. 11); ref. 8430] Small shallow mountain creek branch, 55 kilometers from the Mimongo-Mbigou Road, near Iméno Mbila, Du Chaillu Massif, southern Gabon. Holotype: MRAC 80-54-P-1536. Paratypes: (52) MRAC 80-54-P-1537-45 (9), 80-54-P-1546-85 (40). •Valid as Aphyosemion hofmanni Radda 1980 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:218 [ref. 6198] as hofmani, Wildekamp 1993:194 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:24 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:207 [ref. 30034], Valdesalici & Eberl 2014:112 [ref. 33277], van der Zee et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion hofmanni Radda 1980. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: southern Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

hollyi, Aphyosemion bivittatum Myers [G. S.] 1933:184 [Copeia 1933 (no. 4); ref. 3104] Replacement name for Fundulopanchax bivittatus var. coerulea Meinken 1930, secondarily preoccupied by Fundulus gularis caerulea Boulenger 1915. •Synonym of Aphyosemion bivittatum (Lönnberg 1895) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:202 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:595 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:91 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:12 [ref. 25711], Pohlmann 2009:35 [ref. 30191]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion bivittatum (Lönnberg 1895). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

huberi, Aplocheilus (Epiplatys) Radda [A. C.] & Pürzl [E.] 1981:193, Figs. 1, 3 (top) [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 28 (no. 12); ref. 8429] Rainforest creek, southwestern flank of Du-Chaillu Massives, Ngounié, 25 kilometers east-northeast of N'Dendé, on road to Lebamba, about 2°14'S, 11°27'E, Ngunié Province, southwestern Gabon. Holotype: Radda Coll. Paratypes: MRAC 80-54-P-1122-1125 (4). •Valid as Epiplatys huberi (Radda & Pürzl 1981) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:253 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1996:77 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:107 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:97 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys huberi (Radda & Pürzl 1981). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

huwaldi, Epiplatys fasciolatus Berkenkamp [H. O.] & Etzel [V.] 1978:191, Fig. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 10 (no. 11); ref. 20528] Southern Liberia. Holotype: SMF 14442. Paratypes: Berkenkamp coll. HOB 0049-17 (1), 0110-17 (1); MRAC 78-31-P-1-2 (2); SMF 14443-48 (4). •Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:252 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477]). •Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866), subspecies tototaensis Romand 1978 -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:637 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:107 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

huwaldi, Roloffia Berkenkamp [H. O.] & Etzel [V.] 1980:4, Figs. 1-2 [Killi-contact: Périodique bimestriel / Association Killiphile Francophone de Belgique v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 20516] Moyamba District near Ngabu, about 20 kilometers from Moyamba, southern central Sierra Leone, 8°10'19"N, 12°28'09"W. Holotype: SMF 15306. Paratypes: SMF 15307 (9). •Synonym of Aphyosemion occidentale Clausen 1966 -- (Romand 1985:177 [ref. 21196], Wildekamp et al. 1986:228 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:597 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax occidentalis (Clausen 1966) -- (Wildekamp 1996:196 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Callopanchax occidentalis (Clausen 1966) -- (Lazara 2001:66 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Busch 2010:3 [ref. 30789]). Current status: Synonym of Callopanchax occidentalis (Clausen 1966). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

infrafasciatus, Haplochilus Günther [A.] 1866:313, 357 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Old Calabar [Calabar], 4°57'N, 8°20'E, Nigeria. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.4.5.7. Second specimen questionably referred and not a type; reidentified on p. 357. •Synonym of Epiplatys sexfasciatus Gill 1862 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:258 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:634 [ref. 21590]). •In part a synonym of Epiplatys spilargyreius (Duméril 1861) [but based on Nile non-type specimen] -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:260 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:631 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Epiplatys sexfasciatus Gill 1862, but a valid subspecies infrafasciatus (Günther 1866) -- (Lazara 2001:112 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Epiplatys infrafasciatus (Günther 1866) -- (Wildekamp 1996:79 [ref. 23649], van der Zee et al. 2007:87 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys infrafasciatus (Günther 1866). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: from Guinea to Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

insularis, Nothobranchius Costa [W. J. E. M.] 2017:39, Figs. 3, 5B, 6B [Zoosystematics and Evolution v. 93 (no. 1); ref. 35059] Mafia Island, approximately 3 km south of Kirongwe, Tanzania, 7°49.58'S, 39°48.87'E, elevation about 15 meters. Holotype: MRAC A7-02-P-33. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius insularis Costa 2017. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius insularis Costa 2017. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Northern part of Mafia Island, Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

intermittens, Aphyosemion mirabile Radda [A. C.] 1974:197 [Jahrbuch des Naturhistorischen Museums, Bern v. 5; ref. 7461] Small river 6 kilometers south of Bakebe, on the road from Mamfe to Manyemen, 5°32'N, 9°29'E, western Cameroon. Holotype: NMW 74941 (1 of 3). Paratypes: (6) NMBE 79/1974 (1), NMW 74941 (2 of 3). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax mirabilis (Radda 1970), subspecies moensis (Radda 1970) -- (Wildekamp 1996:187 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax mirabilis (Radda 1970), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Lazara 2001:132 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax intermittens (Radda 1974) -- (Berkenkamp 2003:55 [ref. 27548], van der Zee et al. 2007:125 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax intermittens (Radda 1974). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

interruptus, Nothobranchius jubbi Wildekamp [R. H.] & Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1979:72, Fig. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 11 (no. 5); ref. 20540] Swamp west of Kikambala, about 15 kilometers north of Mombasa, in the lowlands of eastern Kenya by the Indian Ocean, ca. 3°48'33.3"S, 39°46'13.5"E. Holotype: BMNH 1979.6.12.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1979.6.12.2-5 (4); MRAC 74-48-P-24 (1), 79-07-P-163-171 (9); ZSM 24531 (5). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:271 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Nothobranchius interruptus Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:266 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:221 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:40 [ref. 28087], Valdesalici 2007:61 [ref. 29287], Neumann 2008:31 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici & Hengstler 2008:190 [ref. 29898], Costa 2017:42 [ref. 35059]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius interruptus Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

ivanovae, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] 2012:195, Figs. 5-6 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 18 (no. 4); ref. 32258] Pond on left side of the road from Kabungo to Iloba, Karira stream, Katuma river drainage, Tanzania, 6°22.061’S, 30°56.161'E, elevation 1023 meters. Holotype: MRAC B2-09-P-6. Paratypes: MRAC B2-09-P-7-12 (6), B2-09-P-13-15 (3, c&s): MSNG 56890 (3). •Valid as Nothobranchius ivanovae Valdesalici 2012. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius ivanovae Valdesalici 2012. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Katuma River drainage, western Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

jacobi, Panchax (Aphyosemion) Ahl [E.] 1928:121, Fig. 7 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 79 (nos 3/4) (art. 8); ref. 78] Lolodorf, Cameroon. Lectotype: ZMB 21933. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31489 [ex ZMB 21933] (3). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:165 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:165 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion exiguum (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:211 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:22, 26 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:159 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:21 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion exiguum (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

janpapi, Nothobranchius (Aphyobranchius) Wildekamp [R. H.] 1977:330, Fig. [Das Aquarium, Zeitschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienfreunde v. 11 (no. 98); ref. 6449] Pool along the Morogoro to Dar es Salaam road, between Ruvu and Kwazara, 6°41'S, 38°41'E, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC 77-16-P-19. Paratypes: MRAC 77-16-P-20 (1), 77-16-P-21-23 (3). •Valid as Nothobranchius janpapi Wildekamp 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:266 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:221 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:8 [ref. 26060], Neumann 2008:70 [ref. 30291], Costa 2009:123 [ref. 30421]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius janpapi Wildekamp 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

jaundensis, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1924:305 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 11/12); ref. 15436] Sangmelima, Cameroon. Holotype (unique): ZMB 31416 [ex ZMB 14413]. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:165 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion exiguum (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:211 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:22, 24 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:159 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:21 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion exiguum (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

jeanhuberi, Aphyosemion Valdesalici [S.] & Eberl [W.] 2015:111, Figs. 1-3 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 21 (no. 3); ref. 33901] Isiengui, stream Bilala, 18 km N of Divenié along the road to Malinga (2°38’12.2"S, 12°07’14.4"E), Republic of Congo. Holotype: MNHN-IC-2014-2717. Paratypes: NHHN-IC. •Valid as Aphyosemion jeanhuberi Valdesalici & Eberl 2015. Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion jeanhuberi Valdesalici & Eberl 2015. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Border between Gabon and Congo (Brazzaville). Habitat: freshwater.

jeanpoli, Roloffia Berkenkamp [H. O.] & Etzel [V.] 1979:11, Figs. [British Killifish Association Publication; ref. 20510] 16 miles from Voinjama, in the direction of Zor Zor, northern Liberia, 8°15'N, 9°45'W. Holotype: SMF 15302. Paratypes: SMF 15303 (6). •Valid as Aphyosemion jeanpoli (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1979) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:218 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:340 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:605 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:196 [ref. 26378]). •Valid as Archiaphyosemion jeanpoli (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1979) -- (Lazara 2001:53 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Nimbapanchax jeanpoli (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1979) -- (Sonnenberg & Busch 2009:18 [ref. 30570], Costa 2015:138 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Nimbapanchax jeanpoli (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1979). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Liberia and Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

joergenscheeli, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] & Radda [A. C.] 1977:101 [3], Fig. [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift für die Schweiz und Oesterreich v. 24 (no. 6); ref. 7256] Rainforest stream, 6 kilometers west of Mimongo, between Magagara and Lamadou, Migoto-Ogoulou subsystem of Ngounie, Gabon. Holotype: NMW 90744. Paratypes: MNHN 1978-0145 (2), 1981-0863 (1); MRAC 77-17-P-473 (1). On p. 3 of separate. •Valid as Aphyosemion joergenscheeli Huber & Radda 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:219 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:199 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:24 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:167 [ref. 30034], Valdesalici & Eberl 2014:112 [ref. 33277], Valdesalici & Eberl 2016:68 [ref. 34405], van der Zee et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion joergenscheeli Huber & Radda 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

josianae, Epiplatys Berkenkamp [H. O.] & Etzel [V.] 1983:4, Pl.; Fig. 3 [Killi-contact: Périodique bimestriel / Association Killiphile Francophone de Belgique v. 11 (no. nos 2-3); ref. 8590] 11 miles north of Kenema, Kenema District, 8°00'N, 11°07'W, southeastern Sierra Leone. Holotype: ZMH 6133. Paratypes: Berkenkamp coll. HOB 0187-17 (4), SMF 17826 (2), ZMH 6454 (3). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:416 [ref. 21161]. •Valid as Epiplatys josianae Berkenkamp & Etzel 1983 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:253 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:636 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:108 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866), but a valid subspecies -- (Wildekamp 1996:64 [ref. 23649]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Southeastern Sierra Leone, West Africa (this subspecies). Habitat: freshwater.

jubbi, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] & Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1979:71, Fig. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 11 (no. 5); ref. 20540] Pool on road to Garsen, 17 miles north of Malindi, 3°02'S, 40°08'E, eastern Kenya. Holotype: BMNH 1962.7.9.4. Paratypes: BMNH 1962.7.9.5-14 (10), 1965.8.14.1 (1). •Valid as Nothobranchius jubbi Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:266 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1992:187 [ref. 20006], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:221 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Valdesalici 2007:61 [ref. 29287], Neumann 2008:33 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici & Hengstler 2008:190 [ref. 29898], Wildekamp et al. 2009:251 [ref. 30677], Costa 2017:42 [ref. 35059]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius jubbi Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kenya and southern Somalia. Habitat: freshwater.

kadleci, Nothobranchius Reichard [M.] 2010:51, Figs. 1-2, 3A, C [Zootaxa No. 2332; ref. 30694] Temporary pool, about 100 meters from main road EN 1, 20°41.3'S, 34°06.4'E, Sofala Province, Mozambique. Holotype: ZMB 33909. Paratypes: MZUSP 2009-12-P-1 (1), 2009-12-P-2 (1), 2009-12-P-2; NMP P6V 86687 (1); P6V 86688 (1); ZMB 33910 (1). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Mlíkovský et al. 2011:155 [ref. 33498]. •Valid as Nothobranchius kadleci Reichard 2010 -- (Valdesaliciv 2010:60 [ref. 30802], Shidlovskiy et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31079]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius kadleci Reichard 2010. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Central Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater.

kafuensis, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] & Rosenstock [J.] 1989:417, Figs. 7-9 [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 42 (no. 7); ref. 17735] Seasonal pool in Kafue National park, 5 kilometers south of Chunga-Lager, 100 meters from Kafue River, 15°03'S, 26°00'E, Zambia. Holotype: ZFMK 13951. Paratypes: AMG PF 1542 (5), MRAC 89-07-P-1 (1), ZFMK 13952 (1). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:124 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Nothobranchius kafuensis Wildekamp & Rosenstock 1989 -- (Skelton 1993:270 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Murphy & Collier 1997:797 [ref. 25585], Lazara 2001:221 [ref. 25711], Skelton 2001:270 [ref. 27406], Neumann 2008:75 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici 2010:51 [ref. 30802], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:358 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Watters et al. 2015:110 [ref. 33955], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius kafuensis Wildekamp & Rosenstock 1989. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kafue River and upper Zambesi River basins, Zambia. Habitat: freshwater.

kamdemi, Fundulopanchax Akum [C.], Sonnenberg [R.], van der Zee [J. R.] & Wildekamp [R. H.] 2007:43, Figs. 2-4 [Zootaxa No. 1532; ref. 29214] Korup National Park, 5°05'N, 8°52'E, Cameroon. Holotype: MRAC A2-003-P-0001. Paratypes: MRAC A2-003-P-0002 to 0003 (2), 92-144-P-0384 to 0386 (3); IRAD Research Station, Batoke, Limbe, Cameroon (4); ZFMK 39900-39917 (18). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:123 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Fundulopanchax kamdemi Akum, Sonnenberg, van der Zee & Wildekamp 2007 -- (van der Zee et al. 2007:127 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax kamdemi Akum, Sonnenberg, van der Zee & Wildekamp 2007. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Korup National Park, Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

kardashevi, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] 2012:192, Figs. 1-2 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 18 (no. 4); ref. 32258] Pond on left side of the road from Kabungo to Iloba, Karira stream, Katuma river drainage, Tanzania, 6°22.061’S, 30°56.161’E, elevation 1023 meters. Holotype: MRAC B2-09-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC B2-09-P-2-5 (4, 1 c&s), MSNG 56889 (1). •Valid as Nothobranchius kardashevi Valdesalici 2012 -- (Valdesalici 2015:18 [ref. 34043], Valdesalici 2016:160 [ref. 34901], Valdesalici & Amato 2019:120 [ref. 36960]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius kardashevi Valdesalici 2012. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Katuma River drainage, western Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

kassiapleuensis, Epiplatys Berkenkamp [H. O.] & Etzel [V.] 1977:190, Figs. 2-3 [Aquarienfreund v. 6 (no. 10); ref. 8846] Creek 2 kilometers west of Kassiapleu, Hochland von Man, Ivory Coast. Holotype: MRAC 77-47-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 77-47-P-2 (1), 77-47-P-3-9 (7); SMF 14027 (5); ZMH 5949 (5); ZSM 25423 (5). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:416 [ref. 21161], Neumann 2011:271 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Epiplatys kassiapleurensis Berkenkamp & Etzel 1977 -- (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1980:34 [ref. 30497]). •Synonym of Epiplatys olbrechtsi Poll 1941 -- (Huber 1982:60 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:255 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Epiplatys olbrechtsi Poll 1941, but a valid subspecies kassiapleuensis Berkenkamp & Etzel 1977 -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:639 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:106 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:110 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys olbrechtsi Poll 1941. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Western Ivory Coast, West Africa (this subspecies). Habitat: freshwater.

kekemense, Aphyosemion bualanum Radda [A. C.] & Scheel [J. J.] 1975:98, Figs. 1, 3, 5; 1 pl. [Das Aquarium, Zeitschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienfreunde v. 9 (no. 69); ref. 7462] Petit N'kam, Kekem District, 35 kilometers north-northeast of N'kongsamba, on road to Bafoussam, Cameroon Republic. Holotype: NMW 74944 (1 of 4). Paratypes: NMW 74944 (3 of 4). Also appeared as new in Radda & Scheel 1976:49 [ref. 31344]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion bualanum (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:203 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion elberti (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp 1993:145 [ref. 26378]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion elberti (Ahl 1924), but a valid subspecies kekemense Radda & Scheel 1975 -- (Lazara 2001:19 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion elberti (Ahl 1924). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

kilomberoensis, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.], Watters [B. R.] & Sainthouse [I. F. N.] 2002:5, Figs. 5-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 26060] Interconnected pools in a flooded grassy area, 2 kilometers south of Ifakara, on the east side of the road to the ferry across the Kilombero River, 8°10'S, 36°42'E, Ifakara, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC 97-83-P-18. Paratypes: MRAC 97-83-P-19-21(3). •Valid as Nothobranchius kilomberoensis Wildekamp, Watters & Sainthouse 2002 -- (Valdesaliciv 2010:60 [ref. 30802]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius kilomberoensis Wildekamp, Watters & Sainthouse 2002. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

kirki, Nothobranchius Jubb [R. A.] 1969:4, Figs. 2-4 [Annals of the Cape Provincial Museums (Natural History) v. 8 (pt 1); ref. 19235] Pool adjacent to Likangala River which forms part of Lake Chilwa endoreic drainage basin, Malawi, 15°40'S, 35°30'E. Holotype: AMG P994. Paratypes: AMG P995 [incl. AMG P784] (9). Type catalog: Skelton & Stuart 1987:186 [ref. 12628]. •Valid as Nothobranchius kirki Jubb 1969 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:267 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Murphy & Collier 1997:797 [ref. 25585], Lazara 2001:222 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:78 [ref. 30291], Watters et al. 2015:101 [ref. 33955]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius kirki Jubb 1969. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Malawi. Habitat: freshwater.

kiyawensis, Nothobranchius Ahl [E.] 1928:601 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 2 (no. 12); ref. 15833] Kiyawa River, near Katagum, northern province, Nigeria, 21°17'N, 10°21'E. Lectotype: BMNH 1928.11.15.1. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1928.11.15.2 (1). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. Lectotype selected by Valdesalici 2013:25 [ref. 33090]. •Valid as Nothobranchius kiyawensis Ahl 1928 -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:616 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:222 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2015:181 [ref. 34445]). •Valid as Pronothobranchius kiyawensis (Ahl 1928) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:276 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:145 [ref. 31367], Poll & Gosse 1995:217 [ref. 24781], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Dankwa et al. 1999:43 [ref. 28023], Neumann 2008:99 [ref. 30291], Shidlovskiy et al. 2010:54 [ref. 31079], Valdesalici 2013:25 [ref. 33090]). Current status: Valid as Pronothobranchius kiyawensis (Ahl 1928). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Western Africa: Nigeria, Chad and northern Central African Republic. Habitat: freshwater.

korthausae, Nothobranchius Meinken [H.] 1973:351, Fig. [Das Aquarium, Zeitschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienfreunde v. 7 (no. 51); ref. 7205] Mafia Island, 7°45'S, 39°45'E, Tanzania, East Africa. Holotype: SMF 12273. Paratypes: SMF 12274 (4). •Valid as Nothobranchius korthausae Meinken 1973 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:267 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:223 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26060], Neumann 2008:53 [ref. 30291], Costa 2009:119 [ref. 30421]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius korthausae Meinken 1973. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Mafia Island, Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

kouamense, Aphyosemion (Chromaphyosemion) Legros [O.] 1999:33, Figs. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 31 (no. 2); ref. 24924] Edge of Cristal Mountains, 2.5 kilometers north of Nzog Bizeng (Nzogbinzègue), northwestern Gabon, 0°25'N, 10°04'E. Holotype: MRAC 99-01-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 99-01-P-2 to 8 (7). •Valid as Chromaphyosemion kouamense (Legros 1999) -- (Sonnenberg 2000:89 [ref. 26135], Sonnenberg 2007:32 [ref. 29286], Sonnenberg 2008:369 [ref. 29383]). •Valid as Aphyosemion kouamense Legros 1999 -- (Legros 2000:40 [ref. 34970], Lazara 2001:24 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:163 [ref. 30034], Pohlmann 2009:38 [ref. 30191], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion kouamense Legros 1999. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Monts de Cristal, Gabon, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

koungueense, Chromaphyosemion Sonnenberg [R.] 2007:7, Figs. 3-6 [Zootaxa No. 1591; ref. 29286] At the road from Edea to Dizangue and Ndonga, river Koungué, a small river in the forest near the village of Koungué Ndonga, 3°48'36.9"N, 9°55'03.9"E, Cameroon. Holotype: ZFMK 39949. Paratypes: CENAREST Res. Stn., Batoke, Cameroon (2); ZFMK 39950-55 (6), 39956-57 (2), 39958-59 (2), 39960-64 (5), 39965-69 (5). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:122 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Chromaphyosemion koungueense Sonnenberg 2007 -- (Sonnenberg 2008:370 [ref. 29383]). •Valid as Aphyosemion koungueense (Sonnenberg 2007) -- (based on status of Chromaphyosemion, Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion koungueense (Sonnenberg 2007). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Cameroon, western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

krammeri, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] & Hengstler [H.] 2008:188, Figs. 1-5 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 29898] Cape Delgado, temporary pool about 35 kilometers north of Mocimboa da Praia village, Meronvi River basin, 11°09.405'S, 40°19.441'E, Mozambique, elevation 10 meters. Holotype: ZSM 35101. Paratypes: MRAC 2006-41-P-1 (1), 2007-29-P-6 (1), 2007-29-P-7 (1); SAIAB 78304 (1); ZSM 35102 (1). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Neumann 2011:272 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Nothobranchius krammeri Valdesalici & Hengstler 2008 -- (Neumann 2008:32 [ref. 30291], Wildekamp et al. 2009:251 [ref. 30677], Reichard 2010:50 [ref. 30694], Valdesalici et al. 2012:19 [ref. 32064], Costa 2017:42 [ref. 35059]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius krammeri Valdesalici & Hengstler 2008. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Meronvi River basin, northern Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater.

kribianum, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] 1975:4, Pls. 7-8 [British Killifish Association, Killi News Apr. 1975; ref. 20511] Waterholes of a swampy spring area about 3 kilometers upstream in primeval rainforest, south of Kribi, Cameroon, 2°54'N, 9°54'E. Holotype: NMW. Paratypes: NMW (3). Also appeared as new in German translation in Radda 1975:109 [ref. 31343]. •Valid as Aphyosemion kribianum Radda 1975 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:219 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion fallax Ahl 1935 -- (Seegers 1988:28 [ref. 19980], Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax fallax (Ahl 1935) -- (Wildekamp 1996:164 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:127 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax kribianus (Radda 1975) -- (Malumbres & Castelo 2001:177 [ref. 25920]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax kribianus (Radda 1975). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

krysanovi, Nothobranchius Shidlovskiy [K. M.], Watters [B. R.] & Wildekamp [R. H.] 2010:45, Figs. 4-5 [Zootaxa No. 2724; ref. 31079] 12 kilometers south of Nicuadala in direction of Quelimane, Licungo River system, 17°39.5'S, 36°51.5'E, Mozambique. Holotype: MRAC 04-039-P-0078. Paratypes: MRAC 04-039-P-0079-0080 (2), 04-039-P-0073-0077 (5). •Valid as Nothobranchius krysanovi Shidlovskiy, Watters & Wildekamp 2010. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius krysanovi Shidlovskiy, Watters & Wildekamp 2010. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Coastal lowlands of east-central Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater.

krystallinoron, Episemion Sonnenberg [R.], Blum [T.] & Misof [B. Y.] 2006:6, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 1361; ref. 28868] Northern part of the Monts de Cristal, a river near village of Nkinèn, crossing road N5 from Mèdoneu to Kougouleu, 0°58'06.3"N, 10°41'33.5"E, Gabon. Holotype: ZFMK 39942. Paratypes: IRET uncat. (1); MRAC 2006-09-P-1 (1); ZFMK 39943-45 (3), 39946-47 (2), 39948 (1). Plus non-type material (photographs). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:123 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Episemion krystallinoron Sonnenberg, Blum & Misof 2006 -- (van der Zee et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Episemion krystallinoron Sonnenberg, Blum & Misof 2006. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Monts de Cristal, Gabon and southeastern Equatorial Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

kuhntae, Fundulus Ahl [E.] 1926:222 [3], fig. [Blätter für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 37 (no. 9); ref. 15573] Mozambique. Lectotype: ZMB 21479. Paralectotypes: ZMB 21477 (1), 21480 (2). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:160 [ref. 19981]. On p. 3 of separate. Lectotype selected in Paepke & Seegers 1986:160 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Nothobranchius kuhntae (Ahl 1926) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:267 [ref. 6198], Skelton 1993:269 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:223 [ref. 25711], Skelton 2001:269 [ref. 27406], Wildekamp et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26060]). •Synonym of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844) -- (Neumann 2008:43 [ref. 30291], Reichard 2010:50 [ref. 30694], Shidlovskiy et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31079]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

kunzi, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] 1975:15, Pl. 10 [British Killifish Association, Killi News Jun. 1975; ref. 20501] Brook on the right side of road near Mboamo village, Etakanyabé, 20 kilometers east of the ferry across the Ivindo in Makokou on National Road No. 15 to Okondja, , northern Gabon 0°30'N, 13°01'E [or 0°32'N, 12°57'E]. Holotype: NMW 77335. Paratypes: NMW 77336-37 (2, 2). •Synonym of Aphyosemion batesii (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:200 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:11 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax batesii (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp 1996:158 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Raddaella batesii (Boulenger 1911). Current status: Synonym of Raddaella batesii (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

kwalensis, Nothobranchius Costa [W. J. E. M.] 2019:75, Figs. 1, 7B [Vertebrate Zoology v. 69 (no. 1); ref. 36530] Kikoneni-Mrima road, Ramisi River basin, Kwale, Kenya, 4°28'26"S, 39°17'05"E, elevation about 35 meters. Holotype: MRAC 79-007-P-172. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius kwalensis Costa 2019. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius kwalensis Costa 2019. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ramisi River basin, southeast Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

labarrei, Aphyosemion (Fundulopanchax) Poll [M.] 1951:168 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 45 (pts 1-2); ref. 12910] Small creek of Ngufu River, near Kiava, 20 kilometers from Madimba (Inkisi), Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 74865. Paratypes: CAS-SU 17482 (2); MRAC 37907-11 (5), 37912-15 (4), 48011-26 (16), 74866-69 (4), 77143-77 (35), 77178-215 (38), 77401-02 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:52 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Aphyosemion labarrei Poll 1951 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:219 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:201 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:24 [ref. 25711], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2010:58 [ref. 31068], Valdesalici & Eberl 2013:157 [ref. 32900], Valdesalici & Eberl 2014:116 [ref. 33277], van der Zee et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35718], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2018:7 [ref. 36381]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion labarrei Poll 1951. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Inkisi River basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

lacazei, Haplochylus Rochebrune [A. T. de] 1885:98 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 9; ref. 3791] Lândana [? Cabinda, northwestern Angola], or possibly Gambia. Bouvier's coll. (probably lost). Original genus should have been Haplochilus / Aplocheilus. See Huber 2000:3-4 [ref. 24935] for locality information. •Treated as valid as "Epiplatys" lacazei (Rochebrune 1885) -- (Lazara 2001:108 [ref. 25711]). •Regarded by Huber 2000:8 [ref. 24935] as an invalid name based on Article 23.9 if it is found to be a senior synonym of a recognized species. •Possibly a junior synonym of Epiplatys spilargyreius (Duméril 1861) -- (Huber 2000:6 [ref. 24935]). Current status: Uncertain as Epiplatys spilargyreius (Duméril 1861). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

lacustre, Aphyosemion gardneri Radda [A. C.] 1974:192, Fig. 3 [Jahrbuch des Naturhistorischen Museums, Bern v. 5; ref. 7461] Pool of a drying drainage of Lake Ejagham, 5°46'N, 8°55'E, western Cameroon. Holotype: NMW 22404 (1 of 3). Paratypes: NMBE 77/1974 (2), NMW 22404 (2 of 3). Mentioned first unintentionally in Langton 1974 [ref. 23228] credited to Radda and using a separate of Radda 1974 [ref. 7461]. •Synonym of Aphyosemon gardneri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:215 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion gardneri (Boulenger 1911), but a valid subspecies lacustris (Radda 1974) as described -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:615 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:129 [ref. 25711] with author as Langton). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911), but a valid subspecies lacustris as described -- (Wildekamp 1996:173 [ref. 23649], van der Zee et al. 2007:131 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: This subspecies: west-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

lacustre, Aphyosemion gardneri Langton [R. W.] (ex Radda) 1974:50, Figs. [Journal of the American Killifish Association v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 23228] Described unintentionally and credited to Radda from a separate of Radda 1974 [ref. 7461]. Langton also had specimens (whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911), but a valid subspecies lacustris (Radda 1974) as described. Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

lacustre, Aphyosemion gardneri Berkenkamp [H. O.] (ex Radda) 1973:108 [Aquarienfreund v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 7358] •Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911), but a valid subspecies lacustris (Radda 1974) as described. Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae.

lamberti, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] & Huber [J. H.] 1977:61, figs. 4-5 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift für die Schweiz und Oesterreich v. 24 (no. 4); ref. 7276] Gabon [west of Booué, Central Gabon]. Holotype: NMW 90754. Paratypes: MRAC 77-17-P-466-67 (2); NMW 90755-56 (12, 10). Also appeared in Radda et al. 1977:464 [ref. 8890]. Named for J. G. Lambert and André Lambert, therefore mandatory correction to lambertorum. •Valid as Aphyosemion lambertorum Radda & Huber 1977 (often seen as lamberti) -- (Woeltjes 1983:12 [ref. 30503], Wildekamp et al. 1986:220 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:204 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:24 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:217 [ref. 30034], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011:83 [ref. 31317]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion lambertorum Radda & Huber 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

lamottei, Epiplatys fasiolatus Daget [J.] 1954:317, Fig. 120 [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 36; ref. 11989] Simandou, about 9°00'N, 9°00'W, southeastern Guinea. Syntypes: IFAN (22). •Valid as Epiplatys lamottei Daget 1954 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:253 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:634 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:83 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:108 [ref. 25711], Etzel 2009:87 [ref. 30290]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys lamottei Daget 1954. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

lefiniense, Aphyosemion Woeltjes [T.] 1984:5, Figs. 1-6 [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 26382] Small pool next to creek, near La Lefini, south of Lefini River, 200 kilometers north of Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo, Africa (2°54'S, 15°39'E). Holotype: RG MRAC 83-32-P-1. Paratypes: RG MRAC 83-32-P-2 (1), RG MRAC uncat. (7). •Valid as Aphyosemion lefiniense Woeltjes 1984 -- (Wildekamp 1993:206 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:25 [ref. 25711], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011:84 [ref. 31317], van der Zee et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35718], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2018:7 [ref. 36381]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion lefiniense Woeltjes 1984. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Lower Congo River system, Republic of the Congo, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

leonensis, Epiplatys sexfasciatus Ahl [E.] 1937:240 [Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin v. 22 (no. 2); ref. 15265] Village of Kissi near Freetown, 8°24'N, 12°59'W, southern Sierra Leone. Lectotype: ZMB 21156. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31476 [ex ZMB 21156] (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:158 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. Lectotype selected in Paepke & Seegers 1986:158 [ref. 19981]. •Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:251 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:636 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:61 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866), subspecies fasciolatus (Günther 1866) -- (Lazara 2001:106 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

leucopterygius, Nimbapanchax Sonnenberg [R.] & Busch [E.] 2009:11, Figs. 4C, 4D, 5A-D [Zootaxa No. 2294; ref. 30570] Foret Classeé de Dieke, southeastern Guinea (7°28.70'N, 8°50.45'W), West Africa. Holotype: ZFMK 41481. Paratypes: MRAC 73-39-P-1897-1904 (8), 75-26-P-01-04 (4), 81-19-P-114-116 (3); ZFMK 41482-83 (2). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:123 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Nimbapanchax leucopterygius Sonnenberg & Busch 2009 -- (Costa 2015:138 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Nimbapanchax leucopterygius Sonnenberg & Busch 2009. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Guinea and Ivory Coast, West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

liberiensis, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1908:30 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 14305] Monrovia, Liberia. Syntypes: BMNH 1903.6.3.17-18 (2). •Valid as Aphyosemion liberiense (Boulenger 1908) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:220 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:35 [ref. 19980], Paugy et al. 1990:340 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:608 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:209 [ref. 26378]). •Valid as Roloffia liberiensis (Boulenger 1908) -- (Roloff 1973:[2] [ref. 30316], Etzel 2001:10 [ref. 26656], Etzel 2006:21 [ref. 34744]). •Valid as Scriptaphyosemion liberiense (Boulenger 1908) -- (Lazara 2001:291 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Busch 2012:15 [ref. 32091], Costa 2015:142 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Scriptaphyosemion liberiense (Boulenger 1908). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sierra Leone and Liberia. Habitat: freshwater.

litoriseboris, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] 1976:301, Figs. [Journal of the American Killifish Association v. 9 (no. 11); ref. 20526] Aquarium strain (bred by E. Pürzl), from Ivory Coast. Holotype: NMW. Paratypes: NMW (3 or 2?). •Synonym of Aphyosemion walkeri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Huber 1982:57 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:241 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:599 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax walkeri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Lazara 2001:137 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax walkeri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

lividum, Aphyosemion Legros [O.] & Zentz [F.] 2007:11, Figs. on p. 14; upper Fig. on p. 23 [Killi-contact: Périodique bimestriel / Association Killiphile Francophone de Belgique v. 35 (no. 6); ref. 29472] Ruisseau á Ntoumba, Sud-Est d'Edéa, Cameroun. Holotype: MRAC 2007-38-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 2007-38-P-2-12 (11) •Valid as Aphyosemion lividum Legros & Zentz 2007 -- (Agnèse et al. 2009:57 [ref. 30120]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion lividum Legros & Zentz 2007. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ntoumba, region of Edéa, Cameroon, western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

loboanus, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1924:306 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 11/12); ref. 15436] Cameroon. Holotype: ZMB 31558 [ex ZMB 19388]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion exiguum (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:211 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:22, 25 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:159 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:21 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Kathetys exiguum (Boulenger 1911) -- (Sonnenberg & Schunke 2010:337 [ref. 30994]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion exiguum (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

loennbergii, Fundulus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:440 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 12 (no. 70) (art. 42); ref. 15018] Kribi River, southern Cameroon. Syntypes: BMNH 1903.7.28.124-125 (2). •Valid as Chromaphyosemion loennbergii (Boulenger 1903) -- (Sonnenberg 2000:87 [ref. 26135], Legros et al. 2005:16 [ref. 28303], Sonnenberg 2007:3 [ref. 29286]). •Valid as Aphyosemion loennbergii (Boulenger 1903) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:221 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:35 [ref. 19980], Amiet 1991:94 [ref. 20000], Wildekamp 1993:215 [ref. 26378], Legros 1999:34 [ref. 24924], Legros 2000:9 [ref. 34970], Lazara 2001:25 [ref. 25711], Legros & Zentz 2006:17 [ref. 29068], van der Zee et al. 2007:161 [ref. 30034], Pohlmann 2009:35 [ref. 30191], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion loennbergii (Boulenger 1903). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

lokoensis, Epiplatys Berkenkamp [H. O.] & Etzel [V.] 1978:157, Fig. 1 [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 10 (no. 9); ref. 20519] Port Loko District, west of Port Loko at Bonkorkon, 9°04'N, 12°13'W, western Sierra Leone. Holotype: SMF 14232. Paratypes: SMF 14233 (1). •Synonym of Epiplatys barmoiensis Scheel 1968 -- (Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:633 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:100 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Epiplatys lokoensis Berkenkamp & Etzel 1978 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:254 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1996:85 [ref. 23649]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys barmoiensis Scheel 1968. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

loloensis, Panchax (Aphyosemion) Ahl [E.] 1928:121, Fig. 8 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 79 (nos 3/4) (art. 8); ref. 78] Lolodorf, Cameroon. Holotype: ZMB 21031. Paratypes: MNHN 1936-0034 [ex ZMB] (1), ZMB 31490 [ex ZMB 21031] (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:22 [ref. 19576], Paepke & Seegers 1986:166 [ref. 19981]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion exiguum (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:211 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:22, 27 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:159 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:21 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion exiguum (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

longianalis, Epiplatys Knaack [K.] 1970:54, Fig. [Killifische im Aquarium; ref. 25875] Not available (after 1930); no description given, only color figure. See Berkenkamp 1972 [ref. 30116] for comments on availability and locality. •In the synonymy of Epiplatys bifasciatus bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881) -- (Lazara 2001:101 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881). Nothobranchiidae.

longiventralis, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:266 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 8 (no. 44); ref. 578] Swamps between Agwarba and Awka, and mouths of Niger and Old Calabar rivers, southern Nigeria. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.6.3.13 (1), 1909.4.2.10-11 (2), 1911.3.31.34-39 (6). •Valid as Epiplatys longiventralis (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:254 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:635 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:87 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:108 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys longiventralis (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Nigeria. Habitat: freshwater.

louessensis, Haplochilus lujae var. Pellegrin [J.] 1931:221 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 56; ref. 16322] Louesse, Kouilou River, Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1931-0126. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:23 [ref. 19576]. •Valid as Aphyosemion louessense (Pellegrin 1931) -- (Radda 1980:4 [ref. 31297], Wildekamp et al. 1986:222 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:217 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:25 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:221 [ref. 30034], Valdesalici & Eberl 2015:110, 119 [ref. 33901], van der Zee et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion louessense (Pellegrin 1931). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Republic of Congo and Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

lourensi, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] 1977:327, Fig. [Das Aquarium, Zeitschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienfreunde v. 11 (no. 98); ref. 6449] Pool along the Morogoro to Dar-es-Salaam road, between Ruvu and Kwazara, 6°41'S, 38°41'E, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC 77-16-P-28. Paratypes: MRAC 77-16-P-29 (1), 77-16-P-30-33 (4). •Valid as Nothobranchius lourensi Wildekamp 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:268 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:223 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26060]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius lourensi Wildekamp 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

lucius, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.], Shidlovskiy [K. M.] & Watters [B. R.] 2009:230, Figs. 8-9 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 30677] Large pool on west side of road between Ifakara and the Kilombero River ferry, 2 killometers south of Ifakara, 1 kilometer north of Kilombero River, 8°10.30'S, 36°41.54'E, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC A7-01-P-9. Paratypes: MRAC A7-02-P-10-25 (16), 98-008-P-0007-0012 (6). Plus non-type specimens at MRAC. Costa 2017:36 [ref. 35059] reports MRAC A7-02-P-9 as holotype. •Valid as Nothobranchius lucius Wildekamp, Shidlovskiy & Watters 2009 -- (Valdesaliciv 2010:60 [ref. 30802], Costa 2017:36 [ref. 35059]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius lucius Wildekamp, Shidlovskiy & Watters 2009. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

luekei, Nothobranchius Seegers [L.] 1984:250, Figs. (p. 248, 250) [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 37 (no. 7); ref. 17454] Near Kibiti, 40 kilometers south west of Das-es-Salaam, eastern Tanzania. Holotype: ZFMK 13551. Paratypes: BMNH 1984.3.22.1-2 (2); ZFMK 13552 (1), 13553-56 (4). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:124 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Nothobranchius luekei Seegers 1984 -- (Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:224 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:8 [ref. 26060], Neumann 2008:72 [ref. 30291], Costa 2009:123 [ref. 30421]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius luekei Seegers 1984. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

lugens, Aphyosemion (Chromaphyosemion) Amiet [J.-L.] 1991:85, Figs. 1a, 2-4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 20000] Afan Essokié, Province of Littoral, Cameroon. Holotype: MNHN 1988-1144. Paratypes: Amiet coll. (1) and (2). •Valid as Chromaphyosemion lugens (Amiet 1991) -- (Sonnenberg 2000:88 [ref. 26135], Legros et al. 2005:16 [ref. 28303]). •Valid as Aphyosemion lugens Amiet 1991 -- (Wildekamp 1993:220 [ref. 26378], Legros 2000:33 [ref. 34970], Lazara 2001:26 [ref. 25711], Legros & Zentz 2006:17 [ref. 29068], Legros & Zentz 2007:7 [ref. 29472], van der Zee et al. 2007:157 [ref. 30034], Pohlmann 2009:35 [ref. 30191], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion lugens Amiet 1991. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ntem and Lobé river systems, Cameroon, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

lujae, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:263 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 8 (no. 44); ref. 578] Kondué, Kasai River, Sankuru River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: (many) BMNH 1911.7.19-24 (6); MRAC 3419-30 (12), 3431-33 (3). Also appeared as new in Boulenger 1911:223 [ref. 19571], earliest not researched. •Valid as Aphyosemion lujae (Boulenger 1911) -- (Woeltjes 1983:8 [ref. 30503], Wildekamp et al. 1986:222 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:222 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:26 [ref. 25711], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2010:64 [ref. 31068], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011:84 [ref. 31317], van der Zee et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion lujae (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Central Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo, Sankuru River system. Habitat: freshwater.

macrostigma, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:268 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 8 (no. 44); ref. 578] Lucola River, near Cabinda, about 6°32'S, 12°15'E, Angola. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1912.4.1.463. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:96 [ref. 13621], ANSP 38632-38641 erroneously listed as paratypes by Fowler 1916:426 [ref. 1394], species described from one specimen at BMNH. •Synonym of Aplocheilus singa (Boulenger 1899) -- (Radda 1980:2 [ref. 31297]). •Synonym of Epiplatys singa (Boulenger 1899) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:259 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1996:122 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:113 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys singa (Boulenger 1899). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

maculata, Hydrargyra Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1855:269 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 21 (pts 2-3); ref. 13448] Quelimane, Mozambique. Syntypes: ?NMW 79090 (1); ?ZMB 4754 (3), 21481 (10). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:162 [ref. 19981]. •In the synonymy of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:270 [ref. 6198]). •Nomen nudum, in the synonymy of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844) -- (Lazara 2001:226 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:43 [ref. 30291]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844). Nothobranchiidae.

maculatum, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] & Pürzl [E.] 1977:27, Fig. 7 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift für die Schweiz und Oesterreich v. 24 (no. 2); ref. 7278] Rainforest creek at the Koumameyong-Ovan National highway. No.4, 33 kilometers east Koumameyong, 20 kilometers west Ovan, northern Gabon. Holotype: NMW 90754 (1 of 4). Paratypes: MRAC 77-17-P-477-481 (5), NMW 90754 (3 of 4). Also appeared in Radda, Huber & Pürzl 1977:464 [ref. 8890]. •Valid as Aphyosemion (Mesoaphysemion) maculatus Radda & Pürzl 1977 -- (Sonnenberg & Blum 2005:211 [ref. 28302]). •Valid as Mesoaphyosemion maculatum (Radda & Pürzl 1977) -- (van der Zee et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35718]). •Valid as Aphyosemion maculatum Radda & Pürzl 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:223 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:225 [ref. 26378], Dadaniak et al. 1995:344 [ref. 36170], Lazara 2001:26 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:197 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion maculatum Radda & Pürzl 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon and Equatorial Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

maeseni, Aphyosemion Poll [M.] 1941:141, Fig. 5 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 34 (no. 2); ref. 13178] Maseï River at confluence with Bon de Boan River, Nuon River system, Ivory Coast. Holotype (unique): MRAC P-66392. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:24 [ref. 21528]. Huber 2011:12 [ref. 32139] suggests that after the 1980s, the type specimen of Aphyosemuin maeseni has been switched with another sample. •Valid as "Roloffia" maeseni (Poll 1941) -- (Murphy & Collier 1997:797 [ref. 25585]). •Valid as Aphyosemion maeseni Poll 1941 -- (Huber 1982:57 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:223 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:605 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:227 [ref. 26378]). •Valid as Archiaphyosemion maeseni (Poll 1941) -- (Lazara 2001:54 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Epiplatys maeseni (Poll 1941) -- (Sonnenberg & Busch 2009:2 [ref. 30570]). Current status: Uncertain as Epiplatys maeseni (Poll 1941). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Northwestern Ivory Coast, western Africa [known only from the holotype]. Habitat: freshwater.

makondorum, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.], Shidlovskiy [K. M.] & Watters [B. R.] 2009:243, Figs. 3-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 30677] Mbangara River, pools near bridge just east of Nangomba village, 36 killometers southwest of Masasi in direction of Tunduru, 10°53.85'S, 38°33.02'E, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC A0 071-P-0227. Paratypes: MRAC A0-0771-P-0209-0226 (17), -0228-0229 (2). Plus much non-type material at MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius makondorum Wildekamp, Shidlovskiy & Watters 2009 -- (Valdesaliciv 2010:60 [ref. 30802], Valdesalici et al. 2012:19 [ref. 32064], Costa 2017:41 [ref. 35059]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius makondorum Wildekamp, Shidlovskiy & Watters 2009. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Coastal plains of Tanzania and Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater.

malaissei, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] 1978:346, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 92 (no. 2); ref. 8768] "Dembo Kondale", 1.5 kilometers east of Kabiashia, 10°16'S, 28°08'E, Luapula drainage, south of Lake Moero, Shaba, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 73-24-P-952. Paratypes: MRAC 73-24-P-914-919 (6), 73-24-P-947-951 (5), 73-24-P-953 (1). •Valid as Nothobranchius malaissei Wildekamp 1978 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:268 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:224 [ref. 25711], Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2005:92 [ref. 28176], Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2004:249 [ref. 28097], Neumann 2008:80 [ref. 30291], Valdesaliciv 2010:53 [ref. 30802], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:358 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:181 [ref. 33512], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Watters et al. 2015:101 [ref. 33955], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius malaissei Wildekamp 1978. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Lower Luapula drainage, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

malumbresi, Aphyosemion (Chromaphyosemion) Legros [O.] & Zentz [F.] 2006:9, 2 figs. [Killi-contact: Périodique bimestriel / Association Killiphile Francophone de Belgique v. 34 (no. 6); ref. 29068] 4 kilometers north of Ndyiacom système hydrographique du Rio Muni, 2°03.358'N. 9°55.319'E, Equatorial Guinée. Holotype: MRAC A6-48-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC A6-48-P-2-4 (3). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Chromaphyosemion malumbresi (Legros & Zentz 2006.) -- (Sonnenberg 2007:3 [ref. 29286], Sonnenberg 2008:369 [ref. 29383]). •Valid as Aphyosemion malumbresi Legros & Zentz 2006 -- (Pohlmann 2009:38 [ref. 30191], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730] dated 2007). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion malumbresi Legros & Zentz 2006. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Equatorial Guinée. Habitat: freshwater.

mamfense, Aphyosemion gardneri Radda [A. C.] 1974:194, Fig. 3 (middle-bottom) [Jahrbuch des Naturhistorischen Museums, Bern v. 5; ref. 7461] Stream near entrance to larger river, 3 kilometers south of Bachou Akagbe, on the road to Manyemen, 5°40'N, 9°27'E, southern Cameroon. Holotype: NMW 74940 (1 of 3). Paratypes: NMBE 78/1974 (4), NMW 74940 (2 of 3). Mentioned first unintentionally in Langton 1974 [ref. 23228] credited to Radda and using a separate of Radda 1974 [ref. 7461]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion gardneri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:215 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion gardneri (Boulenger 1911), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:615 [ref. 21590], Litz & Koerber 2009:47 [ref. 30140]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911), but a valid subspecies mamfensis (Radda 1974) as described -- (Wildekamp 1996:175 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:129 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:131 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: This subspecies: west-central Africa: Cross River, Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

mamfense, Aphyosemion gardneri Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1973:108 [Aquarienfreund v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 7358] No types known. •In the synonymy of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911), but a valid subspecies mamfensis (Radda 1974). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae.

mamfense, Aphyosemion gardneri Langton [R. W.] (ex Radda) 1974:50 [Journal of the American Killifish Association v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 23228] Holotype. Described unintentionally and credited to Radda from a separate of Radda 1974 [ref. 7461]. •Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911), but a valid subspecies mamfensis (Radda 1974) as described. Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

mandoroense, Aphyosemion van der Zee [J. R.], Walsh [G.], Boukaka Mikembi [V. N.], Jonker [M. N.], Alexandre [M. P.] & Sonnenberg [R.] 2018:76, Figs. 10-11 [Zootaxa 4369 (no. 1); ref. 35718] Mandoro River, swamp forest floodbenches, tributary of the Louessé River, Niari River drainage, Republic of the Congo, 2°25'27"S, 12°53'19"E. Holotype: AMNH 263405. Paratypes: AMNH. •Valid as Aphyosemion mandoroense van der Zee, Walsh, Boukaka Mikembi, Jonker, Alexandre & Sonnenberg 2018. Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion mandoroense van der Zee, Walsh, Boukaka Mikembi, Jonker, Alexandre & Sonnenberg 2018. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Upper Louessé River system, southern Massif du Chaillu, Congo, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

margaretae, Aphyosemion Fowler [H. W.] 1936:320, Fig. 130 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 88; ref. 1424] Forest rills near Saidi's Village, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: ANSP 65902. Paratypes: ANSP 65903 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:96 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Aphyosemion margaretae Fowler 1936 -- (Woeltjes 1983:10 [ref. 30503], Wildekamp et al. 1986:223 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:26 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion christyi (Boulenger 1915) -- (Wildekamp 1993:122 [ref. 26378], van der Zee & Huber 2006:136 [ref. 28903], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011:73 [ref. 31317]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion christyi (Boulenger 1915). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

marginatum, Aphyosemion gabunense Radda [A. C.] & Huber [J. H.] 1977:143, Fig. 3 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 24 (no. 8); ref. 7277] Residual pool of a rainforest creek 9 kilometers southwest of Bifoun at National highway No. 1, western Gabon, elevation 70 meters. Holotype: NMW 90750 (1 of 5). Paratypes: MNHN 1978-0141 (2), MZUV (6), NMW 90750 (4 of 5). •Synonym of Aphyosemion gabunense Radda 1975 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:213 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion gabunense Radda 1975, but a valid subspecies marginatum Radda & Huber 1977 as described -- (Wildekamp 1993:172 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:22 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:237 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion gabunense Radda 1975. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: near Bifoun, western Gabon [this subspecies].

marmoratum, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] 1973:184, Fig. 1 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift für die Schweiz und Oesterreich v. 20 (no. 12); ref. 21636] 16 kilometers north of Mbonge, 4°33'N, 9°14'E, Cameroon. Holotype: NMW 74946 (1 of 4). Paratypes: NMW 74946 (3 of 4). Also appeared as new in Radda 1974:156 [ref. 7534] and Radda 1974:61 [ref. 31339]. •Valid as Aphyosemion marmoratum Radda 1973 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:223 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:229 [ref. 26378]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax marmoratus (Radda 1973) -- (Lazara 2001:131 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:113 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax marmoratus (Radda 1973). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

marmoratum, Aphyosemion Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1973:108 [Aquarienfreund v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 7358] Name only. •In the synonymy of Fundulopanchax marmoratus (Radda 1973). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax marmoratus (Radda 1973). Nothobranchiidae.

marni, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:70, Fig. 57 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 3; ref. 584] Unjustified emendation of Haplochilus marnoi Steindachner 1881. •Synonym of Epiplatys spilargyreius (Duméril 1861). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys spilargyreius (Duméril 1861). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

marnoi, Haplochilus Steindachner [F.] 1881:198 [20] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 83 (1. Abth.); ref. 4231] Bahr-el-Seraf and Bahr-el-Gebel, Nile River system, southern Sudan, probably the southwestern corner of the Al-Zeraf Game Reserve, 7.55°N, 30.53°E. Lectotype: NMW 59606. Paralectotypes: NMW 3392-94 (1, 1, 1), 62001 (5), 75989 (8), 98746 (7); ZMB 21943 (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:162 [ref. 19981]. On p. 20 of separate. Haplochilus marni Boulenger 1915 is an unjustified emendation. Lectotype selected by Huber 2017:17 [ref. 35720]. •Synonym of Epiplatys spilargyreius (Duméril 1861) -- (Huber 1982:61 [ref. 20638], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Lévêque 1990:43 [ref. 19786], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:631 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:125 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:114 [ref. 25711]). •Possibly valid as Epiplatys marnoi (Steindachner 1881) -- (Huber 2017:16 [ref. 35720]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys spilargyreius (Duméril 1861). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

matlocki, Epiplatys Fowler [H. W.] 1950:2, Figs. 1-3 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 225; ref. 12948] Robertsport, 6°48'N, 11°22'W, Liberia. Holotype: ANSP 72110. Paratypes: ANSP 72111-19 (9), 72120-23 (4), 72124 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:96 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:251 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:636 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:61 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866), subspecies fasciolatus (Günther 1866) -- (Lazara 2001:106 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

mayeri, Nothobranchius Ahl [E.] 1935:126 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 112 (nos 5/6); ref. 13867] Beira, eastern Mozambique, 19°50'S, 32°52'E. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21155. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:163 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:270 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:226 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:43 [ref. 30291], Reichard 2010:49-50 [ref. 30694], Shidlovskiy et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31079]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

meinkeni, Aphyosemion Myers [G. S.] 1933:184 [Copeia 1933 (no. 4); ref. 3104] Replacement name for Panchax pictus Meinken 1932:56, preoccupied by Panchax pictum Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846 (=Betta picta). •Valid as Aphyosemion meinkeni Myers 1933 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:224 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:26 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion oeseri (Schmidt 1928) -- (Seegers 1988:41 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:235 [ref. 26378]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax oeseri (Schmidt 1928). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax oeseri (Schmidt 1928). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

melanogaster, Chromaphyosemion Legros [O.], Zentz [F.] & Agnèse [J.-F.] 2005:5, Figs. [Killi-contact: Périodique bimestriel / Association Killiphile Francophone de Belgique v. 33 (no. 3); ref. 28303] Small brook crossing the road Kribi-Akom II, between Natondeur and Nagado, 6 kilometers on the unsealed stretch of the road, Cameroon, 2°54'01.0"E, 9°57'05.3"E, elevation 34 meters. Holotype: MRAC 2005-11-P-01. Paratypes: MRAC 2005-11-P-02 to 05 (4), 2005-11-P-06 to 07 (2). Plus non-type material at MRAC. •Valid as Chromaphyosemion melanogaster Legros, Zentz & Agnèse 2005 -- (Sonnenberg 2007:31 [ref. 29286], Sonnenberg 2008:369 [ref. 29383]). •Valid as Aphyosemion melanogaster (Legros, Zentz & Agnèse) -- (Pohlmann 2009:38 [ref. 30191] Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion melanogaster (Legros, Zentz & Agnèse 2005). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

melanopteron, Aphyosemion Goldstein [R. J.] & Ricco [J. F.] 1970:9, 2 figs. [Journal of the American Killifish Association v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 7422] Congo River basin, Congo. Holotype: USNM 203861. Paratypes: USNM 203862-63 (2), 204102 (2). •Synonym of Aphyosemion congicum (Ahl 1924) -- (Woeltjes 1983:11 [ref. 30503], Wildekamp et al. 1986:209 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:12 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:135 [ref. 26378], Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:17 [ref. 25711], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2010:64 [ref. 31068], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2018:15 [ref. 36381]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion congicum (Ahl 1924). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

melanopterygius, Nimbapanchax Sonnenberg [R.] & Busch [E.] 2009:14, Figs. 6A-D [Zootaxa No. 2294; ref. 30570] Cavally River (7°41.83'N, 8°26.48'W), southeastern Guinea, West Africa. Holotype: ZFMK 41484. Paratypes: MRAC 2008-16-P-1-4 (4); ZFMK 41485-87 (3), 42488-93 (6); ZSM 37485 (4). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:123 [ref. 31087], Neumann 2011:272 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Nimbapanchax melanopterygius Sonnenberg & Busch 2009 -- (Costa 2015:138 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Nimbapanchax melanopterygius Sonnenberg & Busch 2009. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Southeastern Guinea, West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

melanospilus, Fundulus Pfeffer [G. J.] 1896:48, Fig. 19a [Die Thierwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete v. 3; ref. 14617] Zanzibar island, eastern Tanzania, 6°47'S, 37°01'E. Syntypes: BMNH 1865.3.18.98-99 (3), BMNH 2016.12.2.1 [ex BMNH 1865.3.18.98-99] (lectotype of Costa 2019), ZMB 12849 (3). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:160 [ref. 19981]. Based on literature and specimens. Lectotype selected by Costa 2017:13 [ref. 35350], illustrated by Playfair & Günther 1867: Plate XV!!, fig. 3 [ref. 3490]. Lectotype invalid according to Wildekamp 2019:47 [ref. 36945]. •Valid as Nothobranchius melanospilus (Pfeffer 1896) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:268 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp et al. 1998:289 [ref. 23323], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:224 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26060], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Neumann 2008:35 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici 2007:61 [ref. 29287], Valdesalici & Hengstler 2008:190 [ref. 29898], Costa 2009:123 [ref. 30421], Wildekamp et al. 2009:240 [ref. 30677], Reichard 2010:50 [ref. 30694], Valdesalici 2010:60 [ref. 30802], Valdesalici et al. 2012:19 [ref. 32064], Costa 2017:41 [ref. 35059], Costa 2017:8 [ref. 35350], Costa 2019:81 [ref. 36530], Wildekamp 2019:43 [ref. 36945]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius melanospilus (Pfeffer 1896). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: East Africa: eastern Tanzania: Unguja Island, Zanzibar archipelago and adjacent mainland coastal rivers south of the Wami River (Ruvu, Mbezi, and Rufiji River basins). Habitat: freshwater.

melantereon, Epiplatys Fowler [H. W.] 1950:5, Figs. 7-9 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 225; ref. 12948] Robertsport, Liberia. Holotype: ANSP 72125. Paratypes: ANSP 72126-27 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:96 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion liberiense (Boulenger 1908) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:221 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:35 [ref. 19980], Paugy et al. 1990:340 [ref. 26477]). •Valid (with doubt) as Epiplatys melantereon Fowler 1950 -- (Wildekamp 1996:89 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Scriptaphyosemion liberiense (Boulenger 1908) -- (Lazara 2001:292 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Scriptaphyosemion liberiense (Boulenger 1908). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

melinoeides, Chromaphyosemion Sonnenberg [R.] 2007:16, Figs. 12-14 [Zootaxa No. 1591; ref. 29286] On the road from Kribi to Ebolowa, the first stream crosssing the road after the village of Akok in the direction of Ebolowa, 2°47'30.4"N, 10°17'00.0"E, Cameroon. Holotype: ZFMK 40000. Paratypes: CENAREST Res. Stn., Batoke, Cameroon (1) + (1); ZFMK 39987-88 (2), 39989-39997 (10), 39998-39999 (2), 40001-40003 (3), 40004 (1). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:122 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Aphyosemion melinoeides (Sonnenberg 2007) -- (Pohlmann 2009:38 [ref. 30191], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion melinoeides (Sonnenberg 2007). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

mengilai, Aphyosemion Valdesalici [S.] & Eberl [W.] 2014:112, Figs. 1-3 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 20 (no. 2); ref. 33277] Magotsi, 42 km east of Ikobey (Ikobé), small stream named Obélé in the village Evouta, Gabon, 1°03’75"S, 11°11’34"E. Holotype: SMNS 27069. Paratypes: many at MNHN, SMNS. Plus additional non-type material. Also appeared in Eberl 2014:67 [ref. 34180]. •Valid as Aphyosemion mengilai Valdesalici & Eberl 2014 -- (Valdesalici & Eberl 2016:66 [ref. 34405]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion mengilai Valdesalici & Eberl 2014. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ikoy River basin, Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

meridionale, Aphyosemion nigerianum Kottelat [M.] 1976:24, Fig. on p. 23 (no. 6) [Aquarama v. 10 (no. 36); ref. 6566] Appeared as a new subspecies, with a figure and locality and the statement, "..est décrit dans Kottelat (sous presse)". No description. •Synonym of Aphyosemion gardneri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:614). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911) as nomen nudum -- (Wildekamp 1996:178 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911), subspecies nigerianus (Clausen 1963) -- (Lazara 2001:130 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

mesogramma, Epiplatys Huber [J. H.] 1980:9, Fig. 6 [Killi Revue v. 7 (no. 2) (suppl.); ref. 8712] Small stream along Mbaiki-Mongoumba road, south of Bangui, 3°55'N, 18°10'E, Central African Republic. Holotype: MNHN 1979-0668. Paratypes: MNHN 1979-0669 (2). •Valid as Epiplatys mesogramma Huber 1980 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:262 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1996:91 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:108 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2013:414 [ref. 32829]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys mesogramma Huber 1980. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Central African Republic. Habitat: freshwater.

microlepis, Fundulus Vinciguerra [D.] 1897:356 [14] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 17; ref. 14639] Between Brava and Lugh, at foot of Mt. Egherta, southern Somalia, 2°20'N, 43°20'E. Lectotype: MCSNG 15163 (52.4 mm SL). Paralectotypes: MSNG 15163 (19). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:313 [ref. 10351]. On p. 14 of separate. Lectotype selected by Wildekamp & Haas 1992:3 [ref. 14383]. •Valid as Nothobranchius microlepis (Vinciguerra 1897) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:269 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp & Haas 1992:3 [ref. 14383], Wildekamp 1992:187 [ref. 20006], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:225 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Neumann 2008:92 [ref. 30291], Nagy 2010:14 [ref. 33749]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius microlepis (Vinciguerra 1897). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kenya and Somalia. Habitat: freshwater.

microphtalmum, Aphyosemion striatum Lambert [J. G.] & Géry [J.] 1968:299, Fig. 1 [Biologia Gabonica v. 3 (no. 4) (for 1967); ref. 7903] Ivindo River basin, Gabon. Holotype: MRAC 164733. Paratypes: MRAC 140057-58 (2). •Synonym of Aphyosemion escherichi (Ahl 1924) -- (Seegers 1988:17 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:152 [ref. 26378], Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:20 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Aphyosemion microphtalmum Lambert & Géry 1968 -- (Radda 1980:2 [ref. 31297] as microphthalmum, Wildekamp et al. 1986:224 [ref. 6198], Sonnenberg & Blum 2005:218 [ref. 28302]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion microphtalmum Lambert & Géry 1968. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

microstomus, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1924:303 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 11/12); ref. 15436] Cameroon. Lectotype: ZMB 14725. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31491 [ex ZMB 14725] (3). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:166 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:166 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:205 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:8, 10 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:103 [ref. 26378], Dadaniak et al. 1995:250 [ref. 36170] as microstomum). •Synonym of Aphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903), subspecies cameronense (Boulenger 1903) -- (Lazara 2001:14 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

mikeae, Aphyosemion wachtersi Radda [A. C.] 1980:199, Fig. 9 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 27 (no. 11); ref. 8986] Mpoutoulou River, Gnimi-Quartier Mbaya village, Lékoumou Province, southern Republic of the Congo. Holotype: not researched. Paratypes: (1). •Synonym of Aphyosemion wachtersi Radda & Huber 1978 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:240 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion wachtersi Radda & Huber 1978, but a valid subspecies mikeae Radda 1980 as described -- (Radda 1980:3 [ref. 31297], Wildekamp 1993:291 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:32 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:195 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion wachtersi Radda & Huber 1978. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Southern Republic of Congo [this subspecies]. Habitat: freshwater.

milvertzi, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.] 2014:348, Figs. 3-5, 8-9 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 24 (no. 4) [for 2013]; ref. 33245] Luapula Province, ephemeral pools north of Lake Mweru, about 9 km northwest of Chienge village, 8°35.85'S, 29°06.55'E, Zambia. Holotype: MRAC B2-027-P-0001. Paratypes: MRAC B2-027-P-2002 (1), B2-027-P-0003-16 (14). •Valid as Nothobranchius milvertzi Nagy 2014 -- (Nagy 2014:181 [ref. 33512], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:131 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius milvertzi Nagy 2014. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ephemeral pools of the Lushiba Marsh floodplains, Lake Mweru drainage, northern Zambia. Habitat: freshwater.

mimbon, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] 1977:8, Fig. [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 7255] Small running brook, in Akoga village, about 55 kilometers from Médouneu, flowing into the Mvé in 150 meters further down, Gabon. Holotype: MNHN 1978-0146. Paratypes: MNHN 1978-0147 (2), 1978-0148 (6), 1981-0866 (19); MZN (13). •Valid as Aphyosemion mimbon Huber 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:225 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:231 [ref. 26378], Dadaniak et al. 1995:356 [ref. 36170], Lazara 2001:27 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Aphyosemion (Mesospysemion) mimbon Huber 1977 -- (Sonnenberg & Blum 2005:211 [ref. 28302]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion mimbon Huber 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

mirabile, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] 1970:59, Fig. [Aquaria: Österreichische Zeitschrift für Vivaristik v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 20514] Small stream near the village Mbio, on way from Mamfe to Kumba, 5°27'N [or 5°37'N], 9°29'E, southwestern Cameroon. Holotype: NMW 5953. Paratypes: NMW 5954 (1). Described as a new species and new subspecies. Also described as new by Radda 1971:81 [ref. 31303]. •Valid as Aphyosemion mirabile Radda 1970 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:225 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:612 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax mirabilis (Radda 1970), subspecies mirabilis (Radda 1970) -- (Lazara 2001:132 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax mirabilis (Radda 1970) -- (Wildekamp 1996:185 [ref. 23649], Murphy & Collier 1997:797 [ref. 25585], Berkenkamp 2003:55 [ref. 27548], van der Zee et al. 2007:121 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax mirabilis (Radda 1970). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

mkuziensis, Fundulus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:411, Fig. 4 [Annals of the Natal Museum v. 7 (pt 3); ref. 16422] Mkuzi River, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Holotype: ANSP 53442. Paratypes: ANSP 53443 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:96 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:270 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:226 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Nothobranchius mkuziensis (Fowler 1934) -- (Neumann 2008:43 [ref. 30291]). •Status unclear -- (Shidlovskiy et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31079]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius mkuziensis (Fowler 1934). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

moense, Aphyosemion mirabile Radda [A. C.] 1970:60, Fig. [Aquaria: Österreichische Zeitschrift für Vivaristik v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 20514] Large affluent of Mo River, on the way from Bamenda to Mamfe, between Kendem and Noumba, southwestern Cameroon, 5°47'N, 9°43'E. Holotype: NMW 5955 or 5956. Paratypes: NMW 5957 (10). Original as moënse. Also described as new by Radda 1971:82 [ref. 31303]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion mirabile Radda 1970 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:225 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax mirabilis (Radda 1970), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Wildekamp 1996:187 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:132 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax moensis (Radda 1970) -- (Berkenkamp 2003:55 [ref. 27548], van der Zee et al. 2007:123 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax moensis (Radda 1970). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

monroviae, Epiplatys dageti Arnoult [J.] & Daget [J.] 1965:598 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 36 (no. 5) (1964); ref. 9193] Monrovia, 6°19'N, 10°48'W, Liberia. Holotype: BMNH 1911.6.26.3. Paratypes: BMNH 1908.6.3.14-16 (3), 1909.4.2.14-15 (2), 1911.6.26.4. (1); MNHN 1964-0285 (2). •Synonym of Epiplatys dageti Poll 1953 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:249 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1996:54 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Epiplatys dageti Poll 1953, but a valid subspecies monroviae Arnoult & Daget 1965 as described -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:629 [ref. 21590], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:104 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys dageti Poll 1953. Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

monroviae, Roloffia Roloff [E.] & Ladiges [W.] 1972:299, Fig. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 25 (no. 9); ref. 7584] Forest pool, about 25 miles from Monrovia, about 6°19'N, 10°48'W, Liberia. Holotype: ZMH 4654. Paratypes: ZMH 4655-56 (1, 7). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:160 [ref. 22013]. Also appeared in Roloff & Ladiges 1972 [Dec.] [2], 1 fig. [ref. 30315]. More specific data on the type locality - A waterhole on a rubber plantation north of Mount Barclay, about 12 miles (~19 km) from Monrovia in Liberia (app. 6°22'10"N, 10°40'30"W) - are given by Dinesen [ref. 34430]. •Valid as Aphyosemion monroviae (Roloff & Ladiges 1972) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:226 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:597 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax monroviae (Roloff & Ladiges 1972) -- (Wildekamp 1996:190 [ref. 23649]). •Valid as Callopanchax monroviae (Roloff & Ladiges 1972) -- (Lazara 2001:65 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Busch 2010:3 [ref. 30789], Costa 2015:141 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Callopanchax monroviae (Roloff & Ladiges 1972). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Liberia, western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

muelleri, Aphyosemion Scheel [J. J.] 1968:110 [Rivulins of the Old World; ref. 7644] Appeared as mülleri on p. 110, Muller's Aphyosemion on p. 108. Not available, not intended as a new species. •In the synonymy of Aphyosemion liberiense (Boulenger 1908) -- (Seegers 1988:35 [ref. 19980]). •In the synonymy of Scriptaphyosemion liberiense (Boulenger 1908) -- (Lazara 2001:292 [ref. 25711]). •Not available -- (Sonnenberg & Busch 2012:25 [ref. 32091]). Current status: Synonym of Scriptaphyosemion liberiense (Boulenger 1908). Nothobranchiidae.

multicolor, Fundulopanchax Meinken [H.] 1930:18, Fig. [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 27 (no. 2); ref. 19861] Lagos, Nigeria. Lectotype: ZMB 31422. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31423 (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:159 [ref. 19981]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Fundulopanchax multicolor Brüning 1829. See also Meinken 1930:306 [ref. 16110]. Lectotype selected by Paepke & Seegers 1986:159 [ref. 19981]. See Huber 1998:17 [ref. 23446] for locality information. •Synonym of Aphyosemion bitaeniatum (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:201 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:56 [ref. 19980], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:596 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:88 [ref. 26378], Pohlmann 2009:35 [ref. 30191]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion bitaeniatum (Ahl 1924). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

multicolor, Fundulopanchax Brüning [C.] 1929:372, Fig. 2 [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 26 (no. 24); ref. 26386] Old Calabar, Nigeria (aquarium import). Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Author and date often given in literature as Meinken 1930 but Brüning 1929 has priority. Name appears later in same year in Brüning 1929:758 [ref. 6187]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion bitaeniatum (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp 1993:88 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:11 [ref. 25711], Pohlmann 2009:35 [ref. 30191]). •Synonym of Chromaphyosemion bitaeniatum (Ahl 1924) -- (Sonnenberg 2000:83 [ref. 26135], Sonnenberg 2007:33 [ref. 29286]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion bitaeniatum (Ahl 1924). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

multifasciatus, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1913:42 [Bulletins Mensuels / Société des naturalistes Luxembourgeois v. 23; ref. 14946] Kondué, Kasai Province 4°59'S, 23°18'E, southern Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1913.4.5.11-16 (6); MRAC 1848-49 (2), 1850-52 (3), 1853-55 (3), 2701-27 (27), 2728-33 (6), 3310-19 (10), 3320-26 (7), 15307-17 (11), 15318-23 (6). •Valid as Epiplatys multifasciatus (Boulenger 1913) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:254 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1996:93 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:109 [ref. 25711], Aarn & Shepherd 2001:223 [ref. 25699], Huber 2006:77 [ref. 30603], van der Zee et al. 2007:95 [ref. 30034], van der Zee et al, 2013:413 [ref. 32829]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys multifasciatus (Boulenger 1913). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

musafirii, Aphyosemion van der Zee [J. R.] & Sonnenberg [R.] 2011:77, Figs. 2-6 [Bonn zoological Bulletin v. 60 (no. 1); ref. 31317] 67 km on the raod from Kisangqani to Ubundu, 1°30'N, 25°21'E, northeastern Congo River basin, Tshopo Province, Democratic Republic of Congo, elevation 750 meters. Holotype: MRAC 2011-007-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 2011-007-P-2-5 (4), 2011-007-P-6-9 (4). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Aphyosemion musafirii van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011 -- (van der Zee et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion musafirii van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ruike and Romeé River systems, left bank of Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

ndelensis, Epiplatys Fowler [H. W.] 1949:265, Figs. 64-68 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 101; ref. 1461] Near N'délé, 8°24'S, 20°20'E, Central African Republic [Ubangui-Shari]. Holotype: ANSP 71920 (with paratypes). Paratypes: ANSP 71921-23 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:97 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Epiplatys bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881) -- (Huber 1982:62 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:246 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Epiplatys grahami (Bouenger 1911) -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Epiplatys bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881), subspecies bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881) -- (Lazara 2001:102 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

ndianum, Aphyosemion Scheel [J. J.] 1968:310, 455, Fig. on p. 311 [Rivulins of the Old World; ref. 7644] Near Osomba, eastern Nigeria. Holotype: ZMUC P352586. Paratypes: ZMUC P352587 (1, allotype). Additional material: MRAC 73-39-1646-1648 (3), 1649-60 (12); Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:55 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Aphyosemion ndianum Scheel 1968 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:226 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:613 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax ndianus (Scheel 1968) -- (Wildekamp 1996:193 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:133 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:119 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax ndianus (Scheel 1968). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Nigeria and (?) Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

neumanni, Epiplatys Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1993:6, Figs. 3-4 [Wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus dem Referat Fischbestimmung des VDA-Bezirks 25, Weser-Ems, Verband Deutscher Vereine für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde e V. 1993 (no. 1); ref. 21587] 17 kilometers northeast of Makokou, village of Latta, Ivindo basin, northern Gabon, 0°37'N, 13°00'E. Holotype: SMF 18449. Paratypes: SMF 18450-55 (1, 6, 1, 2, 1, 1). •Synonym of Epiplatys sangmelinensis (Ahl 1928), but a valid subspecies -- (Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895]). •Valid as Epiplatys neumanni Berkenkamp 1993 -- (Wildekamp 1996:96 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:109 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:93 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys neumanni Berkenkamp 1993. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

neumanni, Fundulus Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1905:417 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 15364] Between present Itiso and Kwa Mtoro, most probably west of Mbuyuni, about 5°26'S, 31°51'E, East Africa. Lectotype: ZMB 13545 [ex BMNH 1905.7.25.54-56]. Paralectotypes: (34) BMNH 1905.7.25.54-56 (3), FMNH 54290 [ex CM 2921] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:36 [ref. 12367]; type catalog and lectotype designation (by Seegers): Paepke & Seegers 1986:161 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Nothobranchius neumanni (Hilgendorf 1905) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:269 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1990:200 [ref. 19788], Seegers 1993:270 [ref. 33655], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:225 [ref. 25711], De Vos et al. 2001:132 [ref. 26059], Neumann 2008:80 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici & Kardashev 2011:89 [ref. 31318], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Valdesalici 2012:191 [ref. 32258], Wildekamp et al. 2013:4 [ref. 33613], Wildekamp et al. 2015:181 [ref. 34445]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius neumanni (Hilgendorf 1905). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

niassa, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.], Bills [R.], Dorn [A.], Reichwald [K.] & Cellerino [A.] 2012:21, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 23 (no. 1); ref. 32064] Niassa Reserve, Lukombe River drainage: first river crossing the Mbstamila--Mantondovela road, pools in dry river bed; 12°08'17" S 37°32'03" E, Mozambique. Holotype: SAIAB 73777. Paratypes: many at SAIAB. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Nothobranchius niassa Valdesalici, Bills, Dorn, Reichwald & Cellerino 2012. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius niassa Valdesalici, Bills, Dorn, Reichwald & Cellerino 2012. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Rovuma River, Niassa Reserve, northern Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater.

nigerianum, Aphyosemion Clausen [H. S.] 1963:197, Pl. 7 (figs. a-c) [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 125; ref. 4529] Swamp near Arum, southern foothills of the Jos Plateau, 9°06'N, 8°39'E, northern Nigeria. Holotype: ZMUC P351711. Paratypes: ZMUC P351712-18 (7). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:55 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion gardneri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:214 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion gardneri (Boulenger 1911), but a valid subspecies -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:614 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911), but a valid subspecies nigerianus (Clausen 1963) -- (Wildekamp 1996:178 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:130 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:129 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Northern Nigeria, Africa (this subspecies). Habitat: freshwater.

nigeriensis, Panchax Brüning [C.] 1929:419, Fig. 1 [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 26 (no. 27); ref. 30916] West Africa. See Huber 2000:46 [ref. 24475]. •Forgotten name in the synonymy of the younger Foerschichthys flavipinnis (Meinken 1932) -- (Lazara 2001:123 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Foerschichthys flavipinnis (Meinken 1932). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigri, Aphyosemion (Fundulopanchax) Ahl [E.] 1935:124 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 112 (nos 5/6); ref. 13867] Niger River mouth. Holotype (unique): ZMB (not found). No types at ZMB: Paepke & Seegers 1986:155 [ref. 19981], Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion bitaeniatum (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:201 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:56 [ref. 19980], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:596 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:88 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:12 [ref. 25711], Pohlmann 2009:35 [ref. 30191]). •Synonym of Chromaphyosemion bitaeniatum (Ahl 1924) -- (Sonnenberg 2007:33 [ref. 29286]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion bitaeniatum (Ahl 1924). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigricans, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1913:160 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 2 (fasc. 2); ref. 14944] Dungu, at the Kibali-Dungu River junction, 3°37'N, 28°34'E, northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1912.12.6.15 (1), MRAC 1801-02 (1, 1). •Synonym of Epiplatys chevalieri (Pellegrin 1904), but a valid subspecies nigricans (Boulenger 1913) -- (Wildekamp 1996:49 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:103 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2013:414 [ref. 32829]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys chevalieri (Pellegrin 1904). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigrifluvi, Aphyosemion Romand [R.] 1982:78, Fig. [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 8424] Branch of Bafing, 18 kilometers before Mamou from Dalaba, 3 kilometers from the fork of Dalaba-Mamou road, Guinea. Holotype: MRAC 82-20-P-1. Paratypes: MHNG 2096-45 to 52 (8), MRAC 82-20-P-2-10 (9). •Valid as Aphyosemion nigrifluvi Romand 1982 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:226 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:120 [ref. 26480]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion banforense (Seegers 1982) -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:609 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion guignardi Romand 1981 -- (Wildekamp 1993:180 [ref. 26378], Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895]). •Valid as Scriptaphyosemion nigrifluvi (Romand 1982) -- (Lazara 2001:292 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Busch 2012:24 [ref. 32091], Costa 2015:142 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Scriptaphyosemion nigrifluvi (Romand 1982). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

nigromarginatus, Epiplatys Schultze [O.] (ex Ahl) 1937:606, Figs. [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 34 (no. 42); ref. 19989] Niger. Lectotype: ZMB 21151. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31475 [ex. ZMB 21151] (2). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:158 [ref. 19981]. The species was credited to Ahl by Schultze, but Schultze's publication apparently appeared first, so species is authored by Schultze. Also appeared as new in Ahl 1938:56 [ref. 17128]. Lectotype selected by by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:158 [ref. 19981] [perhaps in error if not Schultze specimens]. •Synonym of Epiplatys grahami (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:252 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:635 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:70 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:107 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys grahami (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

njalaensis, Epiplatys Neumann [W.] 1976:4, Figs. [Aquarien Terrarien v. 23 (no. 1); ref. 8296] Njala, Southwest Province, about 4 miles north of Mano Geleben, Yong River drainage, 7°54'N, 11°24'W, Sierra Leone. Holotype: MTD F 871. Paratypes: MTD F 1872 (1), F 4250-51 (2), F 21703-04 (2). Type catalog: Zarske 2003:26 [ref. 27474]. •Valid as Epiplatys njalaensis Neumann 1976 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:255 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:639 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:98 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:109 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys njalaensis Neumann 1976. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sierra Leone and Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

normani, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1928:120, Fig. 6 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 79 (nos 3/4) (art. 8); ref. 78] Yaoundé, Cameroon. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21945. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:166 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion obscurum (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:227 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion exiguum (Boulenger 1911) -- (Seegers 1988:22, 25 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:159 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:21 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion exiguum (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

nubaensis, Nothobranchius Bellemans [M.] 2003:1, Figs. (3, unnumbered) [British Killifish Association, Killi News Separatum (June 2003); ref. 26914] Shallow rest pool inside a road culvert along khor (seasonal waterway of 2-3 meters deep and wide), Angarko, Western side of the Kadugli to Dilling road, about 100 kilometers north of Kadugli, 11°53'05.23"N, 29°42'31.82"E, Sudan. Proposed provisionally; specimens were still alive and could not be measured and counted. Original description not considered as valid (Neumann 2008:82 [ref. 30291]). Subsequently described as new in Valdesalici, Bellemans, Kardashev & Golubtsov 2009 [ref. 26914] and we accept that as the valid original description. •Not considered as valid as Nothobranchius nubaensis Bellemans 2003 -- (Neumann 2008:82 [ref. 30291]). •In the synonymy of Nothobranchius nubaensis Valdesalici, Bellemans, Kardashev & Golubtsov 2009. Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius nubaensis Valdesalici, Bellemans, Kardashev & Golubtsov 2009. Nothobranchiidae.

nubaensis, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.], Bellemans [M.], Kardashev [K.] & Golubtsov [A. S.] 2009:143, Figs. 1-6 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 15 (no. 3); ref. 30277] Angarko, 21 kilometers south of Dilling and kilometers north of Kadugli, 11°53'05.23"N, 29°42'31.82"E, Sudan. Holotype: MRAC 2008-05-P-1. Paratypes: BMNH 2008.4.2.11-12 (2); MNHN 2008-1140, 1141 and 1179 (3); MRAC 2008-05-P-2 (1) and P-3 to 4 (2); MSNG 54286 (1); SAIAB 80410 (1). Plus non-type material. See Nothobranchius nubaensis Bellemans 2003. •Valid as Nothobranchius nubaensis Valdesalici, Bellemans, Kardashev & Golubtsov 2009 -- (Valdesalici 2012:191 [ref. 32258], Valdesalici 2014:5 [ref. 33527], Valdesalici 2015:19 [ref. 34043], Valdesalici 2016:160 [ref. 34901], Valdesalici & Amato 2019:123 [ref. 36960]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius nubaensis Valdesalici, Bellemans, Kardashev & Golubtsov 2009. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ethiopia and Sudan. Habitat: freshwater.

nyongensis, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1928:119, Fig. 5 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 79 (nos 3/4) (art. 8); ref. 78] Nyong River, southern Cameroon. Holotype (unique): ZMB 16245. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:166 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Epiplatys sangmelinensis (Ahl 1928) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:247 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1996:117 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:111 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys sangmelinensis (Ahl 1928). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

obscurus, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1924:55 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 1/2) (art. 4); ref. 76] Yaoundé, Cameroon. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21946 [ex ZMB 21938 = ex ZMB 14413]. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:166 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Aphyosemion obscurum (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:227 [ref. 6198], Dadaniak et al. 1995:296 [ref. 36170], Lazara 2001:27 [ref. 25711], Costa 2009:122 [ref. 30421]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903) -- (Seegers 1988:8, 10 [ref. 19980]). •Valid as Amphyosemion (Mesoaphyosemion) obscurum (Ahl 1924) -- (Sonnenberg & Blum 2005:211 [ref. 28302]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion cameronense (Boulenger 1903), but a valid subspecies obscurum -- (Wildekamp 1993:110 [ref. 26378], van der Zee et al. 2007:203 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion obscurum (Ahl 1924). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: southern Cameroon endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

obuduense, Aphyosemion gardneri Wright [A. J.] & Jeremy [J.] 1974:1, Fig. [British Killifish Association, Killi News Mar. 1974; ref. 20507] Small stream near Obudu in southeastern Nigeria, 6°39'N, 9°08'E. Holotype: BMNH 1974.3.13.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1974.3.13.2 (1). •Synonym of Aphyosemion gardneri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:214 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion gardneri (Boulenger 1911), subspecies nigerianum Clausen 1963 -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:614 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911), subspecies nigerianus (Clausen 1963) -- (Wildekamp 1996:178 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911), but a valid subspecies obuduensis (Wright & Jeremy 1974) -- (Lazara 2001:131 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

occidentale, Aphyosemion Clausen [H. S.] 1966:331, Figs. 1-3 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 74 (pts 3-4); ref. 844] Blama, 7°52'N, 11°21'W, Sierra Leone. Holotype: ZMUC P352572. Paratypes: whereabouts unknown. Technically described as a subspecies, a second subspecies, toddi, also described. •Valid as Aphyosemion occidentale Clausen 1966 -- (Romand 1985:177 [ref. 21196], Wildekamp et al. 1986:227 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:597 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax occidentalis (Clausen 1966) -- (Wildekamp 1996:196 [ref. 23649]). •Valid as "Roloffia" occidentale (Clausen 1966) -- (Murphy & Collier 1997:797 [ref. 25585]). •Valid as Callopanchax occidentalis (Clausen 1966) -- (Lazara 2001:65 [ref. 25711] as occidentale, Aarn & Shepherd 2001:223 [ref. 25699] as occidentale, Sonnenberg & Busch 2010:3 [ref. 30789], Costa 2015:141 [ref. 35411] as occidentale). Current status: Valid as Callopanchax occidentalis (Clausen 1966). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Western Africa: Sierra Leone. Habitat: freshwater.

occultus, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] 2014 [Killi-Data Series 2014; ref. 33527] Khor Morung, 10°32'N, 31°03"E, Sudan. Holotype: BMNH 2006.7.31.82. Paratypes: BMNH 2006.7.31.105 (1), 2006.7.31.79-81, 85-90, 95 (5), 2006.7.31.83-84 (2). •Valid as Nothobranchius occultus Valdesalici 2014. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius occultus Valdesalici 2014. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sudan. Habitat: freshwater.

ocellatum, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] & Radda [A. C.] 1977:100 [2], Fig. 5 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift für die Schweiz und Oesterreich v. 24 (no. 6); ref. 7256] Rainforest stream, 6 kilometers west of Mimongo, on way to Lebamba between Magagara and Lamadou, Migoto-Ogoulou system, Gabon. Holotype: NMW 90743 (1 of 10). Paratypes: MNHN 1978-0149 (4), 1981-0868 (11); MRAC 77-17-P-470-471 (2); NMW 90743 (9 of 10). On p. 2 of separate. •Valid as Aphyosemion ocellatum Huber & Radda 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:228 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:233 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:27 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:225 [ref. 30034], Valdesalici & Eberl 2013:157 [ref. 32900], Valdesalici & Eberl 2014:116 [ref. 33277], van der Zee et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion ocellatum Huber & Radda 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon and Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

ocellatus, Paranothobranchius Seegers [L.] 1985:1, 5, 6, 47, Figs. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal Suppl. 1; ref. 14269] Swamp between Mtanza and northern entrance of Selous Game Reserve, Rufiji River basin, north of Rufiji, eastern Tanzania. Holotype: ZFMK 13927 [but not received by 2010]. Additional material: (1). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:124 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Paranothobranchius ocellatus Seegers 1985 -- (Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895]). •Valid as Nothobranchius ocellatus (Seegers 1985) -- (Lazara 2001:225 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:93 [ref. 30291], Wildekamp et al. 2009:251 [ref. 30677], Valdesalici 2010:60 [ref. 30802]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius ocellatus (Seegers 1985). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

oeseri, Panchax Schmidt [H.] (ex Ahl) 1928:165 [Das Aquarium: eine Zeitschrift mit Bildern für Liebhaber, Schulen und Naturfreunde, Berlin 1928 (no. 10); ref. 17300] Fernando Póo [now Bioko island], near Santa Isabel [Now Malabo]. No types at ZMB. The collector describes the site in detail (Oeser 1928:374 [ref. 33485]) (Thomas Litz, 8/31/2014). •Valid as Aphyosemion oeseri (Schmidt 1928) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:228 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:40 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:235 [ref. 26378]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax oeseri (Schmidt 1928) -- (Lazara 2001:133 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:113 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax oeseri (Schmidt 1928). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Fernando Póo [now Bioko Island], Equatorial Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

oestergaardi, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] & Amato [G.] 2011:112, Figs. 1-4 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 17 (no. 2); ref. 31284] Ephemeral pool in swamps of seasonal Mwawe River, about 5 km west of Kalaba village, 8°25.300'S, 29°50.474'E, Mweru Wantipa Lake drainage basin, northern Zambia. Holotype: BMNH 2010.12.6.1. Paratypes: MRAC 2010-33-P-4 (1), MSNG 56047A-B-C (3, 1 c&s), SAIAB 98224 (1). •Valid as Nothobranchius oestergaardi Valdesalici & Amato 2011 -- (Nagy 2014:358 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:181 [ref. 33512], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius oestergaardi Valdesalici & Amato 2011. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Mweru Wantipa Lake basin, northern Zambia. Habitat: freshwater.

ogoensis, Haplochilus lujae var. Pellegrin [J.] 1930:201 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 55; ref. 16118] La Passa, Upper Ogowe [Ogooué] River, Gabon. Lectotype: MNHN 1924-0241. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1924-0240 (10) River Léconi, MNHN [ex MNHN 1924-0241] (13) La Passa. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:22-23 [ref. 19576]. Lectotype selected by Huber 1981:138 [ref. 23449]. See Huber 1998:15-16 [ref. 23446] for locality information. •Valid as Aphyosemion ogoense (Pellegrin 1930) -- (Radda 1980:3 [ref. 31297], Wildekamp et al. 1986:229 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:237 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:27 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:207 [ref. 30034], Valdesalici & Eberl 2015:119 [ref. 33901], van der Zee et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion ogoense (Pellegrin 1930). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon and Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

olbrechtsi, Epiplatys Poll [M.] 1941:139, Fig. 4 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 34 (no. 2); ref. 13178] Confluent of Masei River and Bon de Boan River, Ivory Coast. Syntypes: MRAC 66388-91 (4). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:40 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Epiplatys olbrechtsi Poll 1941 -- (Huber 1982:60 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:255 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:637 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:100 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895]). •Valid as Epiplatys olbrechtsi Poll 1941, subspecies olbrechtsi Poll 1941 -- (Lazara 2001:109 [ref. 25711], Etzel 2009:88 [ref. 30290], Pezold et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34870]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys olbrechtsi Poll 1941. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Western Africa: Liberia, Ivory Coast and Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

omega, Chromaphyosemion Sonnenberg [R.] 2007:12, Figs. 9-11 [Zootaxa No. 1591; ref. 29286] Old road from Edea to Douala, small river Ngo Njock near the village of Ndog Nyang, 3°59'12.4"N, 10°05'50.3" E, Cameroon. Holotype: ZFMK 39970. Paratypes: CENAREST Res. Stn., Batoke, Cameroon (1) + (1); ZFMK 39971-80 (10), 39981-86 (7). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:123 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Aphyosemion omega (Sonnenberg 2007) -- (Pohlmann 2009:38 [ref. 30191], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion omega (Sonnenberg 2007). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

ornatus, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1928:161, Fig. [Das Aquarium: eine Zeitschrift mit Bildern für Liebhaber, Schulen und Naturfreunde, Berlin 1928 (no. 9); ref. 35576] West Africa [aquarium import]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21196. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:166 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. Described in more detail by Ahl 1928:118 [ref. 78]. •Synonym of Epiplatys singa (Boulenger 1899) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:259 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1996:122 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:113 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys singa (Boulenger 1899). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

orthonotus, Cyprinodon Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1844:35 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1844; ref. 13442] Quelimane, eastern Mozambique, 17°45'S, 36°50"E. Lectotype: ZMB 4754. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1861.5.2.88-89 (2); FMNH 54289 [CM 2920] (1); ZMB 6873 (5), 21481 (10), 31526 [ex ZMB 4754] (2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:31 [ref. 12367], Paepke & Seegers 1986:157 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:157 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:270 [ref. 6198], Skelton 1993:268 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:225 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26060], Valdesalici 2007:61 [ref. 29287], Neumann 2008:43 [ref. 30291], Wildekamp et al. 2009:251 [ref. 30677], Reichard 2010:49 [ref. 30694], Valdesaliciv 2010:60 [ref. 30802], Shidlovskiy et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31079], Marshall 2011:194 [ref. 31755]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

ottogartneri, Aphyosemion ogoense Radda [A. C.] 1980:197, Fig. 7 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 27 (no. 11); ref. 8986] Lefini, Pool Province, Congo. Holotype: NMW. Paratypes: NMW. •Synonym of Aphyosemion ogoense (Pellegrin 1930) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:230 [ref. 6198], Valdesalici & Eberl 2015:119 [ref. 33901]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion ogoense (Pellegrin 1930), but a valid subspecies ottogartneri Radda 1980 as described -- (Radda 1980:3 [ref. 31297], Wildekamp 1993:239 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:28 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:209 [ref. 30034]). •Valid as Aphyosemion ottogartneri Radda 1980 -- (Valdesalici & Eberl 2015:119 [ref. 33901], van der Zee et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion ottogartneri Radda 1980. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

palmqvisti, Fundulus Lönnberg [E.] 1907:7 [Sjöstedts Kilimandjaro-Meru Expedition; ref. 15155] Tanga, Usambara, northeastern Tanzania, 5°04'S, 39°06'E. Syntypes: BMNH 1907.12.20.3-4 (2), MNHN 1912-0237 [ex NRM] (3), NRM 10002 (22). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:14 [ref. 19576]. •Valid as Nothobranchius palmqvisti (Lönnberg 1907) [sometimes as palmquisti] -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:271 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:226 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Neumann 2008:63 [ref. 30291], Watters et al. 2008:130 [ref. 29473]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius palmqvisti (Lönnberg 1907). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kenya and Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

pamaense, Aphyosemion (Chromaphyosemion) Agnèse [J.-F.], Legros [O.], Cazaux [B.] & Estivals [G.] 2013:521, Figs. 2-5 [Zootaxa 3670 (no. 4); ref. 32730] 1.6 km east of Pama village in the direction of Béla, small brook forming upper part of the river Pama, Nyong basin, 3°16.420"N, 10°05.235'E, Cameroon. Holotype: MRAC B2-08-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC B2-08-2 (1), B2-08-P-3-20 (17). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Aphyosemion pamaense Agnèse, Legros, Cazaux & Estivals 2013. Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion pamaense Agnèse, Legros, Cazaux & Estivals 2013. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Pama River, Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

papi, Nothobranchius Axelrod [H. R.] 1976:91 [Tropical Fish Hobbyist v. 25 (no. 3); ref. 21722] Not available, name only. •In the synonymy of Nothobranchius janpapi Wildekamp 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:266 [ref. 6198]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius janpapi Wildekamp 1977. Nothobranchiidae.

pappenheimi, Fundulus Ahl [E.] 1924:142 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 61(nos 5/6); ref. 15437] Bipindihof [Bipindi], Cameroon. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21935. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:161 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion loennbergii (Boulenger 1903) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:222 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:37, 39 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:215 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:25 [ref. 25711], Pohlmann 2009:35 [ref. 30191]). •Possibly valid as Aphyosemion pappenheimi (Ahl 1924) -- (Legros 2000:14 [ref. 34970]). •Synonym of Chromaphyosemion loennbergii (Boulenger 1903) -- (Sonnenberg 2000:90 [ref. 26135], Sonnenberg 2007:33 [ref. 29286]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion loennbergii (Boulenger 1903). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

pascheni, Panchax (Aphyosemion) Ahl [E.] 1928:122, Fig. 9 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 79 (nos 3/4) (art. 8); ref. 78] Longji, southwestern Cameroon. Holotype: ZMB 21938. Paratypes: ZMB 31479 [ex ZMB 21938] (3). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:167 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Aphyosemion pascheni (Ahl 1928) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:230 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:43 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:245 [ref. 26378], Huber 1998:335 [ref. 23502]). •Valid as Aphyosemion pascheni (Ahl 1928), subspecies pascheni (Ahl 1928) -- (Lazara 2001:28 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:235 [ref. 30034], Agnèse et al. 2009:57 [ref. 30120]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion pascheni (Ahl 1928). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

passaroi, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] 1994:78, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 20 (no. 3) for 1993; ref. 21309] Southeastern Gabon, 81.3 kilometers east of Moukabou towards Koulamoutou, 1.42°S, 12.03°E. Holotype: MNHN 1993-0293. Paratypes: ANSP uncat. (2); MNHN 1993-0294 (3); ZSM 29257 (1). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:271 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Aphyosemion passaroi Huber 1994 -- (Lazara 2001:28 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:227 [ref. 30034], Valdesalici & Eberl 2013:157 [ref. 32900], van der Zee et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion passaroi Huber 1994. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

patrizii, Fundulus Vinciguerra [D.] 1927:254, Fig. [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 52; ref. 15828] Harenaga swamps, near mouth of Juba River, about 0°04'S, 42°48'E, southern Somalia. Syntypes: (many) MSNG 23260 (9), 33702 (36). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:313 [ref. 10351]. •Valid as Nothobranchius patrizii (Vinciguerra 1927) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:271 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1992:187 [ref. 20006], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:227 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Neumann 2008:64 [ref. 30291], Watters et al. 2008:130 [ref. 29473]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius patrizii (Vinciguerra 1927). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kenya and Somalia. Habitat: freshwater.

paucipunctatum, Aphyosemion louessense Huber [J. H.] & Radda [A. C.] 1979:181, Fig. [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 26 (no. 11); ref. 20505] Nomen nudum mentioned in synonymy of Aphyosemion louessense (Pellegrin 1931) by Wildekamp 1993:217 [ref. 26378]. Name not italicized in original work by Huber & Radda and not combined with species name as shown in Wildekamp 1993:217 [ref. 26378]. Used as a vernacular name to denote unusual population. Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion louessense (Pellegrin 1931). Nothobranchiidae.

petersi, Haplochilus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1882:324 [12], Pl. 5 (fig. 6) [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 7; ref. 18674] Lagune d'Assinie, Couracrou, Ivory Coast. Syntypes: MNHN A-4607 (5). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:19 [ref. 19576], Wildekamp et al. 1986:230 [ref. 6198]. On. p. 12 of separate. Spelled Petersi in text and on plate legend but Petersii on plate; first reviser not researched. •Valid as Aphyosemion petersi [sometimes as petersii] (Sauvage 1882) -- (Huber 1982:55 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:230 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367] as petersii, Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:604 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:249 [ref. 26378], Dankwa et al. 1999:40 [ref. 28023] as pettersii). •Valid as Archiaphyosemion petersi (Sauvage 1882) -- (Lazara 2001:54 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Nimbapanchax petersi (Sauvage 1882) -- (Sonnenberg & Busch 2009:18 [ref. 30570], Costa 2015:138 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Nimbapanchax petersi (Sauvage 1882). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ivory Coast and Ghana, West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

phoeniceps, Epiplatys Huber [J. H.] 1980:12 [Killi Revue v. 7 (no. 2) (suppl.); ref. 8712] Small stream, 200 meters south of village of Ignoli, about 13 kilometers south of Débrouillé, 0°42'N, 15°34'E, Sangha basin, northern Republic of the Congo. Holotype: MNHN 1980-1125. Paratypes: MNHN 1980-1126 and 1127 (3, 4). •Valid as Epiplatys phoeniceps Huber 1980 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:256 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1996:110 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:110 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2013:414 [ref. 32829]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys phoeniceps Huber 1980. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

pictus, Panchax (Aphyosemion) Meinken [H.] 1932:4, Fig. 3 [Das Aquarium: eine Zeitschrift mit Bildern für Liebhaber, Schulen und Naturfreunde, Berlin 1932 (no. 1); ref. 20446] Tropical West Africa. Lectotype: BMNH 1933.10.11.1. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1933.10.11.2 (1), ZMB 21937 (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:167 [ref. 19981]. Supplemental description in Meinkin 1932:4 [ref. 33519], formal description Meinken 1932 [ref. 16502]. Lectotype selected by Seegers 1988:41 [ref. 19980]. Permanently invalid, preoccupied by Panchax pictum Valenciennes 1846, replaced by Aphyosemion meinkeni Myers 1933. •Synonym of Aphyosemion oeseri (Schmidt 1928) -- (Seegers 1988:40 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:235 [ref. 26378]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion meinkeni Myers 1933 -- (Lazara 2001:26 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax oeseri (Schmidt 1928). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax oeseri (Schmidt 1928). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

pienaari, Nothobranchius Shidlovskiy [K. M.], Watters [B. R.] & Wildekamp [R. H.] 2010:49, Figs. 6-8 [Zootaxa No. 2724; ref. 31079] Chokwe to Massingir road, 101 kilometers southeast of Massingir, Mazimechopes River system, 24°24.7'S, 32°46.6'E, Mozambique. Holotype: MRAC 04-039-P-0081. Paratypes: MRAC 04-039-P-0022 (1), 04-039-P-0066-0072 (2), 04-039-P-0082-0083 (2), •Valid as Nothobranchius pienaari Shidlovskiy, Watters & Wildekamp 2010. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius pienaari Shidlovskiy, Watters & Wildekamp 2010. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Coastal lowlands of central and southern Mozambique and northeastern South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

plagitaenium, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] 2004:72, Figs. [Freshwater and Marine Aquarium v. 27 (no. 12); ref. 27984] Near village Epoma (=Opouma), Province Sangha, northeastern Congo, 0.476°N, 51.351°E, elevation 393 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2004-1288. Paratypes: BMNH 2004.7.29.1 (1), MNHN 2004-1289 (6), ZSM 31148 (2). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:271 [ref. 31652]. This name also appeared as a nomen nudum in Huber 1980 and represented a different species in the same genus. •Valid as Aphyosemion plagitaenium Huber 2004 -- (van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011:78 [ref. 31317]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion plagitaenium Huber 2004. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Epoma, northern Central Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

plagitaenium, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] 1980:41, Fig. 9 caption [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 26383] Not available; appeared as name only in Huber 1980 [ref. 26383] in caption to Fig. 9 on p. 41 and in reference on p. 42. Not the same as Aphyosemion plagitaenium Huber 2004. •In the synonymy of Aphyosemion ogoense (Pellegrin 1930) -- (Wildekamp 1993:237 [ref. 26378]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion ogoense (Pellegrin 1930). Nothobranchiidae.

poliaki, Aphyosemion (Chromaphyosemion) Amiet [J.-L.] 1991:89, Figs. 1b, 6-8 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 20000] 56 kilometers west-northwest of Tiko, Tamben, Province of Sud-Ouest, Cameroon. Holotype: MNHN 1988-1143. Paratypes: Amiet coll. (1, 7, 8). •Questionably distinct from Chromaphyosemion volcanum (Radda & Wildekamp 1977) -- (Völker et al. 2007:2 [ref. 29147]). •Valid as Chromaphyosemion poliaki (Amiet 1991) -- (Sonnenberg 2000:86 [ref. 26135], Legros et al. 2005:17 [ref. 28303], Sonnenberg 2007:3 [ref. 29286], van der Zee et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35718]). •Valid as Aphyosemion poliaki Amiet 1991 -- (Wildekamp 1993:251 [ref. 26378], Legros 2000:8 [ref. 34970], Lazara 2001:28 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:157 [ref. 30034], Pohlmann 2009:35 [ref. 30191], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion poliaki Amiet 1991. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

polli, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] & Pürzl [E.] 1987:9, 124, Fig. [Colour atlas of cyprinodonts of the rain forests of tropical Africa; ref. 14231] Near Kinshasa [Leopoldville], Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: Radda coll. (134 mm. spec.). Paratypes: MRAC 73150 (1), 77345 (1), 80138 (1), 80150-55 (5), 103583-91 (8); Radda coll. (2 of 3). •Synonym of Aphyosemion christyi (Boulenger 1915) -- (Wildekamp 1993:122 [ref. 26378]). •Valid as Aphyosemion polli Radda & Pürzl 1987 -- (Lazara 2001:29 [ref. 25711], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011:78 [ref. 31317]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion polli Radda & Pürzl 1987. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

polli, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] 1978:348, Fig. 2 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 92 (no. 2); ref. 8768] Dilungu swamp, near Mwadingusha, 10°45'S, 27°15'E, Shaba, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 192399. Paratypes: MRAC 192400-05 (6), 192384-87 (4), 192257-67 (11), 192274-82 (9). •Valid as Nothobranchius polli Wildekamp 1978 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:272 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:227 [ref. 25711], Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2004:249 [ref. 28097], Neumann 2008:83 [ref. 30291], Valdesaliciv 2010:53 [ref. 30802], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:355 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:181 [ref. 33512], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Watters et al. 2015:101 [ref. 33955], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:131 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius polli Wildekamp 1978. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Upper Lufira drainage, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

polychromus, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1924:308 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 11/12); ref. 15436] Cap Lopez, Gabon. Lectotype: ZMB 21939. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1929-0212 [ex ZMB] (2); ZMB 20981 (2), 20985 (1), 21033 (2), 21203 (4), 21064 (1), 31550 [ex ZMB 21939] (1), 31551 [ex ZMB 21939] (13). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:21 [ref. 19576], Paepke & Seegers 1986:167 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected by by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:167 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion australe (Rachow 1921) -- (Radda 1980:2 [ref. 31297], Wildekamp et al. 1986:199 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:56 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:83 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:9 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion australe (Rachow 1921). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

powelli, Fundulopanchax van der Zee [J. R.] & Wildekamp [R. H.] 1994:419, Fig. [Journal of African Zoology v. 108 (no. 5); ref. 22655] Nana Creek, about 20 kilometers northeast of Escravos River mouth, about 5°40'20"N, 5°19'30"E, Delta State, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Holotype: MRAC 92-53-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 92-53-P-2-21 (20), 92-53-P-22-23 (2 c&s). •Valid as Fundulopanchax powelli van der Zee & Wildekamp 1994 -- (Wildekamp 1996:199 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:134 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax powelli van der Zee & Wildekamp 1994. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Nigeria. Habitat: freshwater.

preussi, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1924:55 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 1/2) (art. 4); ref. 76] Yaoundé, Cameroon. Holotype (unique): ZMB 16425. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:167 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion exiguum (Boulenger 1911) -- (Seegers 1988:22 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:159 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:21 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion exiguum (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

primigenium, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] & Huber [J. H.] 1977:138, Fig. 1 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 24 (no. 8); ref. 7277] Stream, Douano subsystem (Nyanga), in the rainforest of the Mayumbe mountains at Banyanga, western Gabon, elevation 250 meters. Holotype: NMW 90746 (1 of 19). Paratypes: MNHN 1978-0150 (4), 1981-0869 (16); NMW 90746 (18 of 19), 90747-49 (7, 14, 15). •Valid as Aphyosemion primigenium Radda & Huber 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:231 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:253 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:29 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:185 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion primigenium Radda & Huber 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

prognathus, Nothobranchius Costa [W. J. E. M.] 2019:76, Figs. 3, 5A, 6A, 7B [Vertebrate Zoology v. 69 (no. 1); ref. 36530] Swamp pool about 7 km from Kimamba in the road Morogoro-Kilosa, Morogoro district, Tanzania, 6°46'30"S, 37°12'30"E, elevation about 425 meters. Holotype: MRAC 76-49-P-55. Paratypes: MRAC. Plus additional non-type material. •Synonym of Nothobranchius melanospilus (Pfeffer 1896) -- (Wildekamp 2019:47 [ref. 36945]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius melanospilus (Pfeffer 1896). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: East Africa: Tendigo Swamp area, Mkata River floodplains, upper Wami River basin, eastern Tanzania [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

pseudoelegans, Aphyosemion Sonnenberg [R.] & van der Zee [J. R.] 2012:5, Figs. 2-3 [Bonner Zoologische Beiträge v. 61 (no. 1); ref. 32079] Tshuapa Basin, Boende, 0°14’S, 20°50’E, Equateur Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 178016. Paratypes: MRAC 178017 (1); ZRC 40762 [ex ZSM 32434] (10). •Valid as Aphyosemion pseudoelegans Sonnenberg & van der Zee 2012 -- (van der Zee et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion pseudoelegans Sonnenberg & van der Zee 2012. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tributaries on the left bank of the middle Congo basin, also known as the Cuvette or Cuvette centrale, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

puerzli, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] & Scheel [J. J.] 1974:33 [3], Fig. 1 (top), Color figs. 1-2 (p. 35 [5]) [Aquarienjournal - Österreichische Fachzeitschrift für alle Gebiete der Aquaristik, Terraristik, Umwelt- und Naturschutz... v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 20517] Small stream near entrance to a large tributary of Wuri (Vouri) River, 27 kilometers northeast of "Kreuzung der Straßen Douala-Edea-Yabassi in Richtung Yabassi", western Cameroon, 4°18'N, 10°03'E. Holotype: NMW 74945 (1 of 6). Paratypes: NMW 74945 (5 of 6). Page 3 of separate. Also appeared as new in Radda & Scheel 1974:91 [ref. 31341] and as English translation in Radda & Scheel 1975:35 [ref. 31342]. •Valid as Aphyosemion puerzli Radda & Scheel 1974 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:231 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax puerzli (Radda & Scheel 1974) -- (Wildekamp 1996:201 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:134 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:119 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax puerzli (Radda & Scheel 1974). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

puetzi, Epiplatys fasciolatus Berkenkamp [H. O.] & Etzel [V.] 1985:397, Fig. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 38 (no. 9); ref. 8974] 20 kilometers north of Buchanan, Liberia, 6°04'N, 10°01'W. Holotype: SMF 18430. Paratypes: SMF 18431 (10). Also appeared in Berkenkamp & Etzel 1986 [ref. 21584]. •Synonym of Epiplatys olbrechtsi Poll 1941 -- (Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:637 [ref. 21590], Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895]). •Synonym of Epiplatys olbrechtsi Poll 1941, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Wildekamp 1996:108 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895]). •Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866), but a valid subspecies puetzi Berkenkamp & Etzel 1985 as described -- (Lazara 2001:106 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys olbrechtsi Poll 1941. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Liberia, West Africa (this subspecies). Habitat: freshwater.

pulchripinnis, Aphyosemion Zuschlag [B.] 1960:301, fig. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 13 (no. 10); ref. 22843] Name appeared only in caption to photo (p. 300; caption on p. 301). Apparently not available, no description (after 1930). •In the synonymy of Aphyosemion petersi [sometimes as petersii] (Sauvage 1882) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:231 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:604 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:249 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:54 [ref. 25711]). •In the synonymy of Nimbapanchax petersi (Sauvage 1882). Current status: Synonym of Nimbapanchax petersi (Sauvage 1882). Nothobranchiidae.

punctatum, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] & Pürzl [E.] 1977:29, Fig. 8 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift für die Schweiz und Oesterreich v. 24 (no. 2); ref. 7278] Swamp creek near the Catholic Mission in Mokokou, northern Gabon. Holotype: NMW 90758 (1 of 6). Paratypes: MRAC 77-17-P-482-485 (4), NMW 90758 (5 of 6). Also appeared in Radda, Huber & Pürzl 1977:464 [ref. 8890]. •Valid as Aphyosemion punctatum Radda & Pürzl 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:231 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:255 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:29 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:221 [ref. 30034], van der Zee et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion punctatum Radda & Pürzl 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ogooué-Ivindo River system, Gabon, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

punctulatum, Chromaphyosemion Legros [O.], Zentz [F.] & Agnèse [J.-F.] 2005:19, Figs. [Killi-contact: Périodique bimestriel / Association Killiphile Francophone de Belgique v. 33 (no. 3); ref. 28303] On the road to Pondo (towards Campo Airport) Cameroon, 2°22'17.5"N, 9°51'20.1"E, Southern Cameroon, elevation 23 meters. Holotype: MRAC 2005-11-P-08. Paratypes: MRAC 2005-11-P-09 to 15 (7). Plus non-type material at MRAC. •Valid as Chromaphyosemion punctulatum Legros, Zentz & Agnèse 2005 -- (Sonnenberg 2007:29 [ref. 29286]). •Valid as Aphyosemion punctulatum (Legros, Zentz & Agnèse 2005) -- (Legros & Zentz 2006:17 [ref. 29068], Pohlmann 2009:38 [ref. 30191], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion punctulatum (Legros, Zentz & Agnèse 2005). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

pusillum, Aphyosemion Chirio [L.], Legros [O.] & Agnèse [J.-F.] in Agnèse, Chirio, Legros, Oslisly & Bhé 2018:18, Fig. 5E-F [European Journal of Taxonomy No. 471; ref. 36256] Bridge on Okoyo River, Gabon, 0.55590S, 9.21322E, elevation 10 meters. Holotype: MRAC 2016-019-P-57. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Aphyosemion pusillum Chirio, Legros & Agnèse 2018. Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion pusillum Chirio, Legros & Agnèse 2018. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Okoyo and Pembé River basins, Wonga-Wongué Presidential Reserve, Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

pyrophore, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] & Radda [A. C.] 1979:175, Figs. 1-2 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 26 (no. 11); ref. 20505] Gnimi-Quartier Mbaya village, at Moupoutoulou River, Lékoumou Province, southern Republic of the Congo. Holotype: MRAC 78-22-P-135. Paratypes: MNHN 1981-1375 (6), MRAC 78-22-P-136-144 (9), NMW. •Synonym of Aphyosemion ogoense (Pellegrin 1930) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:229 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion ogoense (Pellegrin 1930), but a valid subspecies pyrophore Huber & Radda 1979 -- (Wildekamp 1993:242 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:28 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:215 [ref. 30034], Valdesalici & Eberl 2015:118 [ref. 33901]). •Valid as Aphyosemion pyrophore Huber & Radda 1979 -- (van der Zee et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion pyrophore Huber & Radda 1979. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: southeastern Gabon and Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

rachovii, Nothobranchius Ahl [E.] 1926:346 [1], Fig. 1 [Blätter für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 37 (no. 14); ref. 19990] Beira, eastern Mozambique, 19°50'S, 34°52'E. Lectotype: ZMB 31417. Paralectotypes: ZMB 21389 (2), 21475 (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:163 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. On p. 1 of separate. Lectotype selected by Paepke & Seegers 1986:163 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Nothobranchius rachovii Ahl 1926 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:272 [ref. 6198], Skelton 1993:272 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:227 [ref. 25711], Skelton 2001:272 [ref. 27406], Valdesalici 2007:61 [ref. 29287], Watters et al. 2009:105 [ref. 30572], Reichard 2010:50 [ref. 30694], Shidlovskiy et al. 2010:43 [ref. 31079], Shidlovskiy et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31079]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius rachovii Ahl 1926. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Mozambique and southeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

raddai, Aphyosemion Scheel [J. J.] 1975:262 [Journal of the American Killifish Association v. 8 (no. 9); ref. 7469] Brook just south of road junction Edea-Eseka-Yaounde, Cameroon Republic. Holotype: MRAC 73-39-P-1. Paratypes: (128) MRAC 73-39-P-2-5 (4). •Valid as Aphyosemion raddai Scheel 1975 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:232 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:258 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:29 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:223 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion raddai Scheel 1975. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

rathkei, Epiplatys sexfasciatus Radda [A. C.] 1970:147, Fig. [Aquaria: Österreichische Zeitschrift für Vivaristik v. 4 (no. 10); ref. 20530] Kumba water (Kaké River = Sand River) in the area of Kumba, 4°39'N, 9°26'E, western Cameroon. Holotype: NMW 5963. Paratypes: NMW 5964 (1). See also Epiplatys sexfasciatus ratkei Häfelin 1972. •Synonym of Epiplatys sexfasciatus Gill 1862 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:258 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Epiplatys sexfasciatus Gill 1862, but a valid subspecies rathkei Radda 1970 as described -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:635 [ref. 21590], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:112 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Epiplatys infrafasciatus (Günther 1866) -- (Wildekamp 1996:79 [ref. 23649]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys infrafasciatus (Günther 1866). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kumba area, northwestern Cameroon (if valid as subspecies). Habitat: freshwater.

ratkei, Epiplatys sexfasciatus Häfelin [W.] 1972:[1] [Killifisch-Portrait mit Farbdia. no. 4; ref. 32208] Kumba water (Kake River = Sand River) in the area of Kumba, 4°39'N, 9°26'E, western Cameroon. Holotype: NMW 5963 (not seen). Paratypes: NMW 5964 (1). Copied with spelling error from original description of Epiplatys sexfasciatus rathkei Radda 1970. •Synonym of Epiplatys infrafasciatus (Günther 1866). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys infrafasciatus (Günther 1866). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

rectogoense, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] & Huber [J. H.] 1977:64, Figs. 3, 6 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift für die Schweiz und Oesterreich v. 24 (no. 4); ref. 7276] Gabon [6 kilometers west of Leconu]. Holotype: NMW (?). Paratypes: MNHN 1978-0151 (3), 1981-0871 (13); MRAC 77-17-P-468 (1); NMW 90752 (3 + 2), 90753 (1). •Valid as Aphyosemion rectogoense Radda & Huber 1977 -- (Woeltjes 1983:12 [ref. 30503], Wildekamp et al. 1986:232 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:260 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:29 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:219 [ref. 30034], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011:83 [ref. 31317], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2018:7 [ref. 36381]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion rectogoense Radda & Huber 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

riggenbachi, Fundulus Ahl [E.] 1924:142 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 61(nos 5/6); ref. 15437] Jabassi (Yabassi), Cameroon. Lectotype: ZMB 21193. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31483 [ex ZMB 21193] (3). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:161 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:161 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Chromaphyosemion riggenbachi (Ahl 1924) -- (Sonnenberg 2000:86 [ref. 26135], Legros et al. 2005:17 [ref. 28303], Sonnenberg 2007:3 [ref. 29286], van der Zee et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35718]). •Valid as Aphyosemion riggenbachi (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:233 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:45 [ref. 19980], Amiet 1991:94 [ref. 20000], Wildekamp 1993:262 [ref. 26378], Legros 2000:17 [ref. 34970], Lazara 2001:29 [ref. 25711], Legros & Zentz 2007:7 [ref. 29472], van der Zee et al. 2007:161 [ref. 30034], Pohlmann 2009:35 [ref. 30191], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion riggenbachi (Ahl 1924). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sanaga River system, Cameroon, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

robertsoni, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] & Scheel [J. J.] 1974:37 [7], Fig. 4 [part], Color fig. 3 (p. 35 [5]) [Aquarienjournal - Österreichische Fachzeitschrift für alle Gebiete der Aquaristik, Terraristik, Umwelt- und Naturschutz... v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 20517] Swamp area, near Bolifamba, western Cameroon, 4°08'N, 9°20'E. Holotype: NMW 74943 (1 of 10). Paratypes: NMW 74943 (9 of 10) [originally 13 paratypes]. Page 7 of separate. Also appeared as new in Radda & Scheel 1975:6 [ref. 31322], and as English translation in Radda & Scheel 1975:39 [ref. 31342]. •Valid as Aphyosemion robertsoni Radda & Scheel 1974 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:233 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax robertsoni (Radda & Scheel 1974) -- (Wildekamp 1996:203 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:134 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:107 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax robertsoni (Radda & Scheel 1974). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: western Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

robustus, Nothobranchius Ahl [E.] 1935:128 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 112 (nos 5/6); ref. 13867] "Sumpfbay Tschangarra, Nord-Usinja," probably east of Nungwe, northwestern Tanzania, about 2°46'S, 32°01'E. Holotype (unique): ZMB 14485. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:163 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Nothobranchius robustus Ahl 1935 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:273 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1994:197 [ref. 21566], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:228 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Neumann 2008:83 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici et al. 2009:150 [ref. 30277], Valdesalici & Kardashev 2011:89 [ref. 31318], Valdesalici 2012:191 [ref. 32258]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius robustus Ahl 1935. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Uganda and Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

roloffi, Aphyosemion Roloff [E.] (ex Ahl) 1936:387 [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 33 (no. 25); ref. 19987] Tributary of Port Loko Creek, ca. 40 kilometers east-northeast of Freetown, Sierra Leone. Lectotype: ZMB 21071. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1937.6.14.9-11 (3), ZMB 31472 [ex ZMB 21071] (2). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:155 [ref. 19981]. See also Aphyosemion (Aphyosemion) roloffi Ahl 1937. Lectotype selected in Paepke & Seegers 1986:155 [ref. 19981]. See also Huber 2006:21 [ref. 28935]. Roloff made the name available and he (unfortunately) is the author; Ahl suggested the name but did not participate in the act that made the name available. •Valid as Aphyosemion roloffi Roloff 1936 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:233 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:46 [ref. 19980], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:611 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:264 [ref. 26378]). •Valid as Roloffia roloffi (Roloff 1936) -- (Roloff 1971:(2) [ref. 30317], Etzel & Berkenkamp 1980:67 [ref. 30498], Etzel 2001:10 [ref. 26656]). •Valid as Scriptaphyosemion roloffi (Roloff 1936) -- (Lazara 2001:293 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Busch 2012:15 [ref. 32091], Costa 2015:142 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Scriptaphyosemion roloffi (Roloff 1936). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sierra Leone and Liberia. Habitat: freshwater.

roloffi, Aphyosemion Roloff [E.] (ex Ahl) 1936:325, 326 [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 33 (no. 21); ref. 30189] Tributary of Port Loko Creek, ca. 40 kilometers east-northeast of Freetown, Sierra Leone. Not available, name only. Name made available by Roloff 1936:387 [ref. 19987]. •In the synonymy of Scriptaphyosemion roloffi (Roloff 1936). Current status: Synonym of Scriptaphyosemion roloffi (Roloff 1936). Nothobranchiidae.

roloffi, Aphyosemion Arnold [J. P.] (ex Ahl) 1936:109, fig. [Taschenkalender für Aquarien-und Terrarienfreunde v. 29 (1937); ref. 30190] Hinterland of Lagos, Nigeria [erroneous, is Sierra Leone]. No types known. Junior homonym and subjective junior synonym of Aphyosemion roloffi (Roloff 1936). Not intended as new description. •In the synonymy of Scriptaphyosemion roloffi (Roloff 1936). Current status: Synonym of Scriptaphyosemion roloffi (Roloff 1936). Nothobranchiidae.

roloffi, Aphyosemion (Aphyosemion) Ahl [E.] 1937:240 [Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin v. 22 (no. 2); ref. 15265] 40-50 kilometers inland of Freetown, Sierra Leone. Lectotype: ZMB 21071. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31472 (2). Apparently published independently of Aphyosemion roloffi Roloff 1936. •Junior homonym and subjective junior synonym of Aphyosemion roloffi Roloff 1936 -- (see Seegers 1988:48 [ref. 19980]). Current status: Synonym of Scriptaphyosemion roloffi (Roloff 1936). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

roloffi, Epiplatys Romand [R.] 1978:370, Fig. 1 [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 31 (no. 11); ref. 8885] Salayea, 7°37'N, 9°29'W, northern Liberia. Holotype: MNHN 1978-0460. Paratypes: MNHN 1978-0461 (1), MRAC 76-21-P-1-6 (6). Also appeared in Romand 1978:977 [ref. 8791]; date for 8885 is 2 Nov. and 8791 is 29 Dec. •Valid as Epiplatys roloffi Romand 1978 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:256 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:633 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:112 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Murphy & Collier 1997:797 [ref. 25585], Lazara 2001:110 [ref. 25711], Etzel 2009:87 [ref. 30290]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys roloffi Romand 1978. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Liberia. Habitat: freshwater.

rosenstocki, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] & Wildekamp [R. H.] 2005:89, Figs. 1, 5-7 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 28176] Close to Luwombwa lodge, 12°30'S, 30°08'E, Kasanka National Park, Zambia. Holotype: MRAC 97-089-P-0011. Paratypes: MRAC 97-089-P-0012 (1), 97-089-P-0013 (1); MSNG 51933 (1), 51934 (1) •Valid as Nothobranchius rosenstocki Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2005 -- (Neumann 2008:84 [ref. 30291], Valdesaliciv 2010:51 [ref. 30802], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:358 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:181 [ref. 33512], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Watters et al. 2015:101 [ref. 33955], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:207 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius rosenstocki Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2005. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Upper Luapula River basin, Zambia. Habitat: freshwater.

rubrifascium, Aphyosemion Clausen [H. S.] 1963:203, Pl. 7 (figs. f-g); Fig. 1 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 125; ref. 4529] Marsh between Ndop and Bamunko, Bamenda area, Cameroon highlands, elevation 1200 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P351696. Paratypes: ZMUC P351652-53 (2), P351655-58 (4), P351698 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:55 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion elberti (Ahl 1924) -- (Seegers 1988:15 [ref. 19980]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion bualanum (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:203 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:602 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion elberti (Ahl 1924), subspecies elberti (Ahl 1924) -- (Lazara 2001:18 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion elberti (Ahl 1924). Nothobranchiidae.

rubripinnis, Nothobranchius Seegers [L.] 1986:19, Figs. (p. 19-20) [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 39 (no. 1); ref. 8043] Near Kibiti, 40 kilometers south of Dar-es-Salaam, eastern Tanzania. Holotype: ZFMK 13941. Paratypes: MRAC [KTZ 85/28] (4); NRM (4); ZFMK 13942-46 (5), 13947-49 (3); ZMB 31546-47 (4). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:124 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Nothobranchius rubripinnis Seegers 1986 -- (Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:228 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:66 [ref. 30291], Watters et al. 2008:130 [ref. 29473], Costa 2009:123 [ref. 30421]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius rubripinnis Seegers 1986. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

rubrofasciatus, Fundulopanchax Brüning [C.] 1930:78, Fig. 2 [Der Aquarienfisch- und Naturfreund No. 5; ref. 20524] Aquarium import from West Africa [? Ghana]. No types known. •Synonym of Aphyosemion walkeri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:241 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:599 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax walkeri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp 1996:214 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:137 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax walkeri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

rubrogaster, Aphyosemion Chirio [L.], Legros [O.] & Agnèse [J.-F.] in Agnèse, Chirio, Legros, Oslisly & Bhé 2018:21, Fig. 6E-H [European Journal of Taxonomy No. 471; ref. 36256] Bridge on Niengé River, Gabun, 0.65524S, 9.57355E, elevation 61 meters. Holotype: MRAC 2016-019-P-93. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Aphyosemion rubrogaster Chirio, Legros & Agnèse 2018. Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion rubrogaster Chirio, Legros & Agnèse 2018. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Lower Ogooué River basin, Wonga-Wongué Presidential Reserve, Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

rubrolabiale, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] 1973:187, Fig. 2 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift für die Schweiz und Oesterreich v. 20 (no. 12); ref. 21636] 19 kilometers northwest of Mbonge, about 4°39'N, 9°19'E, western Cameroon. Holotype: NMW 74942 (1 of 4). Paratypes: NMW 74942 (3 of 4). Also appeared as new in Radda 1974:160 [ref. 7534], Radda 1974:67 [ref. 31340]. •Valid as Aphyosemion rubrolabiale Radda 1973 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:234 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax rubrolabialis (Radda 1973) -- (Wildekamp 1996:205 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:134 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:107 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax rubrolabialis (Radda 1973). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

rubrolabiale, Aphyosemion Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1973:108 [Aquarienfreund v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 7358] Not an original description. •In the synonymy of Fundulopanchax rubrolabialis (Radda 1973). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax rubrolabialis (Radda 1973). Nothobranchiidae.

rubropunctatus, Haplochilus (Panchax) Steindachner [F.] 1867:345 [39] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 56 (1. Abth.); ref. 14188] Originally as China and, Sri Lanka [actual is possibly Gabon]. Lectotype: NMW 14488 (50.1 mm S.L.). Paralectotypes: NMW 14488 (1 of 2). On p. 39 of separate. Lectotype selected by Huber 2000:45 [ref. 24475]. •Nomen oblitum, probably an African Epiplatys -- (Wildekamp 1996:114 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Epiplatys sexfasciatus Gill 1862 -- (Huber 2000:45 [ref. 24475]). •Questionably valid as "Aplocheilus" rubropunctatus (Steindachner 1867) -- (Lazara 2001:52 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys sexfasciatus Gill 1862. Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

rubroreticulatus, Nothobranchius Blache [J.] & Miton [F.] 1960:215 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 3); ref. 11892] Near Fort Lamy, Chad, 11°58'N, 15°09'E. Lectotype: MNHN 1959.0232 (male, 39 mm SL). Lectotype: MNHN 1959-0232 (2) Koundoul. Type catalog: Blanc 1961:273-274 [ref. 20870]. Lectotype selected bu Valdesalici 2014:14 [ref. 33527] as MNHN 59232. •Valid as Nothobranchius rubroreticulatus Blache & Miton 1960 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:273 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:617 [ref. 21590], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:228 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:84 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici et al. 2009:146 [ref. 30277] as aff. rubroreticulatus, Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:355 [ref. 33245], Valdesalici 2014:5 [ref. 33527] as aff. rubroreticulatus). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius rubroreticulatus Blache & Miton 1960. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sudan. But aff. is known from a wider area. Habitat: freshwater.

rubrostictus, Fundulus Ahl [E.] 1924:140 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 61(nos 5/6); ref. 15437] Niger River system [possibly in error]. Lectotype: ZMB 21137. Paralectotypes: (1 missing) ZMB 31484 [ex ZMB 21137] (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:161 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:161 [ref. 19981]. Wildekamp 1993:88 [ref. 26378] also listed this name as a nomen oblitum. •Synonym of Aphyosemion bitaeniatum (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:201 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:56 [ref. 19980], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:596 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:88 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:11 [ref. 25711], Pohlmann 2009:35 [ref. 30191]). •Synonym of Chromphyosemion bivittatum (Lönnberg 1895) -- (Sonnenberg 2007:33 [ref. 29286] as Fundulus rubrostictum). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion bivittatum (Lönnberg 1895). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

ruhkopfi, Epiplatys Berkenkamp [H. O.] & Etzel [V.] 1980:166, Figs. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 12 (no. 11); ref. 20529] 500 meters north of Kaningali Town, between Zienzu and Suakoko, 6°55'N, 9°39'W, central Liberia. Holotype: SMF 15308. •Valid as Epiplatys ruhkopfi Berkenkamp & Etzel 1980 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:256 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477], Wildekamp 1996:115 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:111 [ref. 25711], Etzel 2009:88 [ref. 30290]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys ruhkopfi Berkenkamp & Etzel 1980. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Liberia. Habitat: freshwater.

ruhoi, Nothobranchius McKeel [H.] 1982:26 [Freshwater and Marine Aquarium v. 5 (no. 8); ref. 26038] Nomen nudum, not available. •In the synonymy of Nothobranchius eggersi Seegers 1982 -- (Lazara 2001:218 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius eggersi Seegers 1982. Nothobranchiidae.

ruhoi, Nothobranchus Seegers [L.] 1981:412 [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 34 (no. 12); ref. 8550] Tanzania. Apparently the name of the locality [Nothobranchius sp. Ruhoi] and not intended as a new species name. Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius eggersi Seegers 1982. Nothobranchiidae.

ruudwildekampi, Nothobranchius Costa [W. J. E. M.] 2009:117, Fig. 6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 20 (no. 2); ref. 30421] Seasonal pool at the left bank of the Mbezi River, road between Mkuranga and Kibiti, near the village of Kitonga, 7°11'14"S, 39°10'18"E, District of Pawani, Tanzania. Holotype: UFRJ 6661. Paratypes: UFRJ 6662 (1), 6663 (2, c&s), 6664 (1), 6665 (1, c&s). •Valid as Nothobranchius ruudwildekampi Costa 2009. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius ruudwildekampi Costa 2009. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Mbezi River basin, Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

ruwenzori, Aphyosemion Scheel [J. J.] 1968:139 [Rivulins of the Old World; ref. 7644] Not an available original description, not intended as a new species. •In the synonymy of Aphyosemion filamentosus (Meinken 1933) -- (Seegers 1988:33 [ref. 19980], Lazara 2001:127 [ref. 25711]). •In the synonymy of Fundulopanchax filamentosus Meinken 1933. Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax filamentosus Meinken 1933. Nothobranchiidae.

sagittae, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.], Watters [B. R.] & Shidlovskiy [K. M.] 2013:16, Figs. 13-16 [Journal of the American Killifish Association 47 (no. 1) (for Jan.-Feb. 2014); ref. 33613] Shallow roadside pools, on east side of road, 100 m south of the turnoff to the Ndabaka Gate (Serengeti) on the Musoma-Mwanza road, lower Mbalageti River system, 2°11.621‘S, 33°52.199‘E, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC B3-14-P-33. Paratypes: MRAC. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Nothobranchius sagittae Wildekamp, Watters & Shidlovskiy 2013 -- (Wildekamp et al. 2015:181 [ref. 34445]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius sagittae Wildekamp, Watters & Shidlovskiy 2013. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

sainthousei, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.], Cotterill [F. P. D.] & Bellstedt [D. U.] 2016:241, Figs. 3-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 27 (no. 3) for Nov.; ref. 34906] Seasonal pools on floodplain of small seasonal Chimbembe River, about 5 km southwest from influx of Luongo into Luapula, near Mweshi village, Luapula Province, Zambia, 10°43.51'S, 28°38.22'E. Holotype: MRAC B5-027-P-0001. Paratypes: MRAC. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Nothobranchius sainthousei Nagy, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2016 -- (Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius sainthousei Nagy, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2016. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Chimbembe River, near the Luongo-Luapula confluence in northern Zambia. Habitat: freshwater.

samborskii, Epiplatys chaperi Neumann [W.] 2003:5, Figs. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 35 (no. 1); ref. 27486] 5 kilometers from Tomso Village on road from Dompem to Tarkwa, Ghana, ca. 5.3°N, 2.0°W. Holotype: MTD F 26197. Paratypes: MTD F 26198-103 (6). Type catalog: Zarske 2003:26 [ref. 27474]. •Synonym of Epiplatys chaperi (Sauvage 1882) but a valid subspecies samborskii Neumann 2003 as described. Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys chaperi (Sauvage 1882). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ghana, West Africa (this subspecies). Habitat: freshwater.

sangmelinensis, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1928:118, Fig. 4 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 79 (nos 3/4) (art. 8); ref. 78] Sangmelina, on upper Lobo River, 2°55'N, 12°02'E, southern Cameroon. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21194. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:167 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Epiplatys sangmelinensis (Ahl 1928) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:256 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1996:117 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:111 [ref. 25711], Aarn & Shepherd 2001:223 [ref. 25699], van der Zee et al. 2007:93 [ref. 30034], Sonnenberg & Schunke 2010:337 [ref. 30994]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys sangmelinensis (Ahl 1928). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

santaisabellae, Aphyosemion Scheel [J. J.] 1968:333, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 78 (nos 3-4); ref. 7913] Southern bank of Rio Consul, Santa Isabel, Fernañdo Póo. Holotype: MRAC 164460. Paratypes: MRAC 164461 (1, allotype), 164462-63 (2), 164464-67 (4), 164468-77 (10). Original as santa-isabellae. •Synonym of Aphyosemion oeseri (Schmidt 1928) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:229 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:41 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:235 [ref. 26378], Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax oeseri (Schmidt 1928) -- (Lazara 2001:133 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax oeseri (Schmidt 1928). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Fernañdo Póo, Equatorial Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

scheeli, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] 1970:178, Figs. 1-2 [Aquaria: Österreichische Zeitschrift für Vivaristik v. 4 (no. 12); ref. 20520] Aquarium material of unknown origin [Lower Cross River basin, southeastern Nigeria]. Holotype: NMW 5961. Paratypes: NMW 5962 (1). Also appeared as new in Radda 1972: 98 [ref. 31321]. •Valid as Aphyosemion scheeli Radda 1970 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:234 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:615 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:268 [ref. 26378]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax scheeli (Radda 1970), subspecies scheeli (Radda 1970) -- (Lazara 2001:135 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax scheeli (Radda 1970) -- (van der Zee et al. 2007:115 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax scheeli (Radda 1970). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Nigeria. Habitat: freshwater.

scherzi, Aphyosemion Falsehood [A. H.] & Deceit [O. K.] in Tomas 1983:48, Fig. [DKG-Journal v. 15 (no. 3); ref. 30506] Not available, not based on a real fish species. Described as a fake species for April Fool's Day, 1 Apr. 1983. The author's name (see comments -- [ref. 30506]), the type locality, the diagnosis and the illustration are also fake. Allegedly based on a description by Falsehood & Deceit 1982, which does not exist. Nothobranchiidae.

schioetzi, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] & Scheel [J. J.] 1981:36, Fig. 2 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 8589] Small brook in savannah near Taba, Congo. Holotype: MNHN 1981-0630. Paratypes: MNHN 1981-0631 to 1981-0640 (2, 3, 16, 1, 38, 18, 12, 26, 8, 4). •Valid as Aphyosemion schioetzi Huber & Scheel 1981 -- (Woeltjes 1983:14 [ref. 30503], Wildekamp et al. 1986:235 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:270 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:30 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:219 [ref. 30034], van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011:84 [ref. 31317] with remarks, van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2018:7 [ref. 36381]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion schioetzi Huber & Scheel 1981. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Central Africa: Congo River system. Habitat: freshwater.

schluppi, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] & Huber [J. H.] 1978:176, Figs. 4-5, 6 (bottom) [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 25 (no. 12); ref. 20502] A stream on the way from Zanaga to Ogowe River, southern Congo, about 2°50'S, 13°51'E. Holotype: MRAC 78-22-P-404. Paratypes: MRAC 78-22-P-405-407 (3), 78-22-P-408-431 (24), 78-22-P-473-76 (4), 78-22-P-685-686 (2). •Valid as Aphyosemion schluppi Radda & Huber 1978 -- (Radda 1980:3 [ref. 31297], Wildekamp et al. 1986:235 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:273 [ref. 26378], Huber 1999:53 [ref. 25500], Lazara 2001:30 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:231 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion schluppi Radda & Huber 1978. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

schmitti, Roloffia Romand [R.] 1979:299, Figured (p. 300). [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 32 (no. 9); ref. 8792] Liberia. Holotype: MNHN 1979-0288. Paratypes: MNHN 1979-0289 to 0290 (1, 5); MRAC 79-20-P-1-4 (4). •Valid as Aphyosemion schmitti (Romand 1979) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:235 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:607 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:213 [ref. 26378]). •Valid as Scriptaphyosemion schmitti (Romand 1979) -- (Lazara 2001:293 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Busch 2012:15 [ref. 32091], Costa 2015:142 [ref. 35411], Pezold et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34870]). Current status: Valid as Scriptaphyosemion schmitti (Romand 1979). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Liberia, western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

schoutedeni, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1920:36, Fig. 20 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 4); ref. 587] Madié, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: (many) BMNH 1919.9.10.296-302 (7), MRAC 7173-204 (32). •Synonym of Aphyosemion christyi (Boulenger 1920) -- (Woeltjes 1983:10 [ref. 30503], Wildekamp et al. 1986:207 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:122 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:16 [ref. 25711]). •Status uncertain -- (van der Zee & Huber 2006:139 [ref. 28903]). •Valid as Aphyosemion schoutedeni (Boulenger 1920) -- (van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2011:73 [ref. 31317]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion schoutedeni (Boulenger 1920). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

schreiberi, Epiplatys chaperi Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1975:91, Figs. 9-10 [Aquarienfreund v. 4 (no. 5); ref. 7359] 5 kilometers southeast of Kumasi, between Asukwa and Chirapatre, 6°38'N, 1°40'W, western Ghana. Holotype: MRAC 75-32-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 75-32-P-2 (1), 75-32-P-3-5 (3). •Synonym of Epiplatys chaperi (Sauvage 1882) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:248 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Epiplatys chaperi (Sauvage 1882), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1980:34 [ref. 30497], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:631 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:39 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:102 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys chaperi (Sauvage 1882). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ashanti Region, Ghana, West Africa (this subspecies). Habitat: freshwater.

schreineri, Aphyosemion (Fundulopanchax) Ahl [E.] 1935:125 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 112 (nos 5/6); ref. 13867] Sangmelima, at upper Lobo River, 2°56'N, 11°59'E, southern Cameroon. Lectotype: ZMB 19387. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1936-0035 [ex ZMB] (1), ZMB 31473 [ex ZMB 19387] (now 4). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:23 [ref. 19576], Paepke & Seegers 1986:155 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:155 [ref. 19981]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion batesii (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:200 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:56 [ref. 19980], Lazara 2001:11 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax batesii (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp 1996:158 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Raddaella batesii (Boulenger 1911) -- (Sonnenberg & Schunke 2010:337 [ref. 30994]). Current status: Synonym of Raddaella batesii (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

schwoiseri, Aphyosemion gulare Scheel [J. J.] & Radda [A. C.] 1974:157, Fig. 1 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift für die Schweiz und Oesterreich v. 21 (no. 11); ref. 18681] Malende-Nyaka, north of Muyuka, near the road to Kumba from Buea, western Cameroon, 4°22'N, 9°27'E [or 9°26'E]. Holotype: NMW 74935. Paratypes: NMW 74936 (1). Also appeared as new in Scheel & Radda 1973:30 [ref. 31323]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion gulare (Boulenger 1902) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:217 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion fallax Ahl 1935 -- (Seegers 1988:27 [ref. 19980], Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax fallax (Ahl 1935) -- (Wildekamp 1996:164 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:127 [ref. 25711]). •Provisionally valid as Fundulopanchax schwoiseri (Scheel & Radda 1974) -- (Huber 2006:66 [ref. 30603]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax schwoiseri (Scheel & Radda 1974). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Western Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

seegersi, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] 1977:11 [Killi Revue v. 4 (no. 4)(suppl.); ref. 2268] •Appeared as nomen nudum in the synonymy of Aphyosemion jeanpoli (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1979) -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:605 [ref. 21590]). •In the synonymy of Nimbapanchax jeanpoli (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1979). Current status: Synonym of Nimbapanchax jeanpoli (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1979). Nothobranchiidae.

seegersi, Aphyosemion (Diapteron) Huber [J. H.] 1980:3, Figs. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 8469] 35 kilometers south of Sembé, in the direction to Mekambo, along a bike road to Gabon, Ivindo basin, Congo. Holotype: MNHN 1979-0282. Paratypes: MNHN 1979-0283 (3). Name appeared as a nomen nudum in Huber 1977 [ref. 2268] according to Wildekamp 1993:275 [ref. 26378]. •Valid as Diapteron seegersi (Huber 1980) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:243 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Huber 1999:53 [ref. 25500]). •Valid as Aphyosemion seegersi Huber 1980 -- (Wildekamp 1993:275 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:30 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:169 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion seegersi Huber 1980. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: northwestern Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

seegersi, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] & Kardashev [K.] 2011:90, Figs. 1-2 [Bonn zoological Bulletin v. 60 (no. 1); ref. 31318] Seasonal pool on right side of main road T8 from Ipole to Rungwa, near Mabangwe village, close by the bridge over the Limba Limba River, Malagarasi River drainage, Tanzania, 5°59'01"S, 32°48'05"E, elevation 1114 meters. Holotype: ZFMK 41848. Paratypes: MRAC 2010-33-P-1 (1), 2010-33-P-2-3 (2); MSNG 56045 A-B (2), 56046 (1); ZFMK 41849-41850 (2), 41851 (1). Plus one non-type specimen. •Valid as Nothobranchius seegersi Valdesalici & Kardashev 2011 -- (Valdesalici 2012:191 [ref. 32258], Wildekamp et al. 2013:2 [ref. 33613], Wildekamp et al. 2015:181 [ref. 34445]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius seegersi Valdesalici & Kardashev 2011. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Malagarasi River drainage, Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

senegalensis, Haplochilus Steindachner [F.] 1870:559 [27], Pl. 7 (fig. 2) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 61 (1. Abth.); ref. 18768] Dagana, 16°39'N, 15°30'W, western Senegal. Syntypes: (several) NMW 15092 (1), 75838 (2). Type catalog: Wildekamp et al. 1986:260 [ref. 6198]. On p. 27 of separate. •Synonym of Epiplatys spilargyreius (Duméril 1861) -- (Huber 1982:57 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:260 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:631 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:125 [ref. 23649], Huber 1998:30 [ref. 23446], Lazara 2001:114 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys spilargyreius (Duméril 1861). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

serengetiensis, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.], Watters [B. R.] & Shidlovskiy [K. M.] 2013:21, Figs. 18-20 [Journal of the American Killifish Association 47 (no. 1) (for Jan.-Feb. 2014); ref. 33613] Roadside ditch, artificially dammed, 49 km east of Mwanza in the direction of Nyalikungu on road B6, 2°35‘S, 33°19‘E, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC B3-14-P-70. Paratypes: MRAC. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Nothobranchius serengetiensis Wildekamp, Watters & Shidlovskiy 2013 -- (Wildekamp et al. 2015:181 [ref. 34445]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius serengetiensis Wildekamp, Watters & Shidlovskiy 2013. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

sexfasciata, Poecilia Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1864:396 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1864; ref. 3437] Liberia. Holotype (unique): ZMB 5409. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:168 [ref. 19981]. Secondarily preoccupied in Epiplatys by E. sexfasciatus Gill 1862. •Synonym of Epiplatys dageti Poll 1953 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:250 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:628 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:54 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Epiplatys dageti Poll 1953, subspecies monroviae Arnoult & Daget 1965 -- (Lazara 2001:104 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys dageti Poll 1953. Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

sexfasciatus, Epiplatys Gill [T. N.] 1862:136 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14; ref. 1661] Gabon, western Africa [possibly Lambaréne, about 0°52'S, 10°22'E]. Lectotype: ANSP 7129. Paralectotypes: ANSP 7130-40 (11), MNHN 1921-0125 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:97 [ref. 13621]. See Huber 1998:14 [ref. 23446] for locality information. •Valid as Epiplatys sexfasciatus Gill 1862, subspecies sexfasciatus Gill 1862 -- (Lazara 2001:111 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Epiplatys sexfasciatus Gill 1862 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:257 [ref. 6198], Paugy & Bénech 1989:303 [ref. 26478] dated 1863, Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:634 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:119 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Dankwa et al. 1999:43 [ref. 28023], Aarn & Shepherd 2001:211, 223 [ref. 25699], van der Zee et al. 2007:89 [ref. 30034], Sonnenberg & Busch 2012:15 [ref. 32091]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys sexfasciatus Gill 1862. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

seychellensis, Nothobranchius Ahl [E.] 1935:128 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 112 (nos 5/6); ref. 13867] Zanzibar, Tanzania. Syntypes: BMNH 1865.3.18.98-99 (4), BMNH 2016.12.2.1 (1), ZMB (not found). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Nothobranchius melanospilus (Pfeffer 1896) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:269 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:224 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2009:240 [ref. 30677], Costa 2012:110 [ref. 32347], Costa 2017:8 [ref. 35350]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius melanospilus (Pfeffer 1896). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

seymouri, Aphyosemion Loiselle [P. V.] & Blair [D.] 1971:1, Fig. 1 [Journal of the American Killifish Association v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 7437] Small temporary pool south of the Accra-Ada Road midway between 54 and 55 miles markers, Accra Plains, Ghana. Holotype: BMNH 1970.9.16.6. Paratypes: BMNH 1970.9.16.7 (1), 1970.9.16.8-12 (5); USNM 205532 (8). Published in late Dec. 1971? •Synonym of Pronothobranchius kiyawensis (Ahl 1928) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:276 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Nothobranchius kiyawensis Ahl 1928 -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:616 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:222 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Pronothobranchius seymouri (Loiselle & Blair 1971) -- (Valdesalici 2013:30 [ref. 33090] dated 1972). Current status: Valid as Pronothobranchius seymouri (Loiselle & Blair 1971). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Volta River drainage, Ghana. Habitat: freshwater.

sheljuzhkoi, Epiplatys Poll [M.] 1953:262, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 48 (pts 3-4); ref. 12714] Near Abidjan, Ivory Coast. Holotype: MRAC 88278. Paratypes: MRAC 88279 (1). Type catalog: Wildekamp et al. 1986:247 [ref. 6198], Derijst 1991:40 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Epiplatys chaperi (Sauvage 1882) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:247 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Epiplatys chaperi (Sauvage 1882), but a valid subspecies sheljuzhkoi Poll 1953 -- (Huber 1982:63 [ref. 20638], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:629 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:41 [ref. 23649], Dankwa et al. 1999:43 [ref. 28023], Lazara 2001:103 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys chaperi (Sauvage 1882). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ivory Coast, West Africa (this subspecies). Habitat: freshwater.

sidibeorum, Callopanchax Sonnenberg [R.] & Busch [E.] 2010:6, Figs. 2A-D [Bonner Zoologische Beiträge v. 57 (no. 1); ref. 30789] Small river and adjacent pools and ditches in a secondary forest, 9°32.71'N, 13°14.51W, close to village of Bombokoré, about 3 kilometers from village Fandi, Kindia Region, Guinée maritime, Guinea. Holotype: ZFMK 41613. Paratypes: MRAC 2010-02-P -1-5 (5); ZFMK 41614-15 (2), 41616-28 (13). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:122 [ref. 31087]. Original spelling sidibei emended to sidibeorum in an Erratum, Sonnenberg & Busch, 2011, 113 [ref. 31325]. Huber 2011:15 [ref. 32140] considers sibibei as the correct original spelling that should be maintained, but sidibeorum in not in current usage. However, the species name was based on Mr. Samba Sidibe and his family; we here treat sidibei as an incorrect original spelling, and that must be emended to sidibeorum according to Art. 31.1.2-3. •Valid as Callopanchax sidibeorum Sonnenberg & Busch 2010 -- (Costa 2015:141 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Callopanchax sidibeorum Sonnenberg & Busch 2010. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kindia Region, Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

simulans, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] & Huber [J. H.] 1976:186, Fig. 6 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift für die Schweiz und Oesterreich v. 23 (no. 11); ref. 20513] Stream in rainforest on the way from Libreville to Kap Esterias, near Kap Esterias, northwestern Gabon, 0°37'N, 9°21'E. Holotype: NMW 90759 (1 of 3). Paratypes: MRAC 77-17-P-474-476 (3), NMW 90759 (2 of 3). •Synonym of Aphyosemion microphtalmum Lambert & Géry 1968 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:224 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion escherichi (Ahl 1924) -- (Seegers 1988:18 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:152 [ref. 26378], Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:20 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion escherichi (Ahl 1924). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

singa, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:113, Pl. 47 (fig. 1) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 5); ref. 589] Boma swamps, lower Congo River system, 5°51'S, 13°03'E, western Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 989. •Valid as Aplocheilus singa (Boulenger 1899) -- (Radda 1980:2 [ref. 31297]). •Valid as Epiplatys singa (Boulenger 1899) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:259 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1996:122 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Aarn & Shepherd 2001:223 [ref. 25699], Lazara 2001:113 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:91 [ref. 30034], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys singa (Boulenger 1899). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

sjostedti, Fundulus Lönnberg [E.] 1895:191 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-akademiens Forhandlingar v. 52 (no. 3); ref. 14584] Waterfall of the Ndian River (4°57'N, 8°53'E) and Bonge, western Cameroon. Syntypes: ZMUU 272 (2). Type catalog: Wallin 1996:61 [ref. 32133]. Originally as sjöstedti; since name is not of German origin [Art. 32.5.2.1], the species should be sjostedti and not sjoestedti. The fact that the name of the Swedish collector is printed as Sjöstedt does not make a difference. •Valid as Aphyosemion sjoestedti [sic] (Lönnberg 1895) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:236 [ref. 6198] with a holotype [no holotype was established originally], Seegers 1988:49 [ref. 19980], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:601 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax sjostedti (Lönnberg 1895) -- (Wildekamp 1996:207 [ref. 23649], Murphy & Collier 1997:797 [ref. 25585], Lazara 2001:135 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:109 [ref. 30034] as sjoestedti). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax sjostedti (Lönnberg 1895). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

spilargyreia, Poecilia Duméril [A. H. A.] 1861:258 [Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 10 [for 1858]; ref. 1149] Fresh water of the coast of Mandingues, eastern Africa [but probably near coast at Saint Louis, Senegal]. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-2992. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2651 [ex MNHN 0000-2992] (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:18 [ref. 19576], Wildekamp et al. 1986:260 [ref. 6198]. Lectotype apparently selected by Clausen (not researched and not designated here). For locality information see Huber 1998:29 [ref. 23446]. •Valid as Epiplatys spilargyreius (Duméril 1861) -- (Huber 1982:57 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:260 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Lévêque 1990:43 [ref. 19786], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:631 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:125 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Dankwa et al. 1999:43 [ref. 28023], Lazara 2001:114 [ref. 25711], Neumann et al. 2016:306 [ref. 35036]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys spilargyreius (Duméril 1861). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

spillmanni, Epiplatys Arnoult [J.] 1960:219, Fig. [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 3); ref. 11889] Creek in Nannafoues forest, vicinity of Bouaké, about 7°52'N, 5°12'W, central Ivory Coast. Holotype: MNHN 1960-0394. Paratypes: MNHN 1960-0394 bis (1), 1960-0395 (8), 1960-0396 (12), B-2991 (1). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:273 [ref. 20870]. •Synonym of Epiplatys chaperi (Sauvage 1882) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:248 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Epiplatys chaperi (Sauvage 1882), but a valid subspecies spillmanni Arnoult 1960 -- (Huber 1982:63 [ref. 20638], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:631 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:44 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:103 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys chaperi (Sauvage 1882). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Central Ivory Coast, West Africa (this subspecies). Habitat: freshwater.

splendidus, Fundulus Pellegrin [J.] 1930:208 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 55; ref. 16118] Sangha River, tributary of Congo River, northern Republic of the Congo. Lectotype: MNHN 1929-0247. Paralectotypes: MHNLR P.796 (2), MNHN 1929-0248 (55, now 51), USNM 92972 [ex MNHN 1929-248] (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:14-15 [ref. 19576], Aloncle 1968:685-686 [ref. 20713]. Lectotype selected by Huber 1979:7 [ref. 2269]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion batesii (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:200 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:10 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Raddaella batesii (Boulenger 1911), Current status: Synonym of Raddaella batesii (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

splendopleuris, Fundulopanchax Meinken [H.] 1930:17, Fig. [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 27 (no. 2); ref. 19861] Cameroon. Lectotype: ZMB 31428. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31429 (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:159 [ref. 19981]. See also Meinken 1930:306 [ref. 16110]. Lectotype selected by Paepke & Seegers 1986:159 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Aphyosemion splendopleure (Meinken 1930) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:237 [ref. 6198] with Meinken as author). •Homonym and synonym of Aphyosemion splendopleure (Brüning 1929) -- (see Seegers 1988:52, 53 [ref. 19980], Lazara 2001:30 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion splendopleure (Brüning 1929). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

splendopleuris, Fundulopanchax Brüning [C.] 1929:356, Fig. 2 [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 26 (no. 23); ref. 21039] Imported. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Chromaphyosemion splendopleure (Brüning 1929) -- (Legros et al. 2005:13 [ref. 28303], Sonnenberg 2007:3 [ref. 29286]). •Valid as Aphyosemion splendopleure (Brüning 1929) -- (Seegers 1988:52 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:277 [ref. 26378], Legros 1999:34 [ref. 24924], Legros 2000:14 [ref. 34970], Lazara 2001:30 [ref. 25711], Legros & Zentz 2006:17 [ref. 29068], Legros & Zentz 2007:7 [ref. 29472], van der Zee et al. 2007:155 [ref. 30034], Pohlmann 2009:35 [ref. 30191], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion splendopleure (Brüning 1929). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Western Cameroon, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

spoorenbergi, Aphyosemion Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1976:130, Figs. 11-12 [Aquarienfreund v. 5 (no. 7); ref. 7361] Presumably from the area between Calabar and Mamfe, borderline of east Nigeria and west Cameroon. Holotype: MRAC 76-30-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 76-30-P-2 to 10 (8). •Valid as Aphyosemion spoorenbergi Berkenkamp 1976 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:237 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:613 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax spoorenbergi (Berkenkamp 1976) -- (Wildekamp 1996:210 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:136 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:127 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax spoorenbergi (Berkenkamp 1976). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: border between Nigeria and Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

spurrelli, Fundulus Boulenger [G. A.] 1913:52 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1913 (pt 1) (art. 3); ref. 14947] Vicinity of Bibianaha, near Dunkwa, between watersheds of Tano and Ankobra rivers, about 5°10'N, 2°42'W, Ghana. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1912.2.15.43-47 (5). •Synonym of Aphyosemion walkeri (Boulenger 1911), but a valid subspecies -- (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1980:35, 38 [ref. 30497], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:600 [ref. 21590] as spurelli). •Synonym of Aphyosemion walkeri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Huber 1982:58 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:240 [ref. 6198] as spurelli). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax walkeri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp 1996:214 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:136 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax walkeri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

steindachneri, Panchax Svensson [G. S. O.] 1933:84, Pl. 6 (figs. 2-4); Fig. 26 [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 16524] Swamps along Gambia River, Gambia, western Africa. Syntypes: (50) NRM 10239 (1), 11148 (19), 13957 (59). •Synonym of Epiplatys bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:246 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Wildekamp 1996:32 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Epiplatys bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881), subspecies bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881) -- (Lazara 2001:101 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Epiplatys steindachneri (Svensson 1933) -- (Costa 2009:122 [ref. 30421]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

steinforti, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] 1977:33 [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 17836] Flacher Sumpf, 8 kilometers from Kimamba, Tanzania, 6°46'S, 37°11'E. Holotype: MRAC 77-16-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 77-16-P-2 (1, allotype), 77-16-P-3-8 (6). •Valid as Nothobranchius steinforti Wildekamp 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:273 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:228 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:66 [ref. 30291]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius steinforti Wildekamp 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

streltsovi, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] 2016:156, Figs. 1-5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 27 (no. 2) for Oct.; ref. 34901] Temporary pool in Nkululu River, Ugalla River drainage, Malagarasi River basin, Tanzania, 6°40'52"S, 33°41'00"E. Holotype: MSNG 57812. Paratypes: MSNG. •Valid as Nothobranchius streltsovi Valdesalici 2016 -- (Valdesalici & Amato 2019:120 [ref. 36960]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius streltsovi Valdesalici 2016. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ugalla River drainage, Malagarasi River basin, central Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

striatus, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:266 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 8 (no. 44); ref. 578] Abanga River, between first and second rapids, Ogowe River system, Gabon. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.5.25.125-128 (4). •Valid as Iconisemion striatum (Boulenger 1911) -- (van der Zee et al. 2018:88 [ref. 35718]). •Valid as Aphyosemion striatum (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:238 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:280 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:31 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Blum 2005:218 [ref. 28302], van der Zee et al. 2007:211 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion striatum (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon and Equatorial Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

superbus, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1924:306 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 11/12); ref. 15436] West Africa [aquarium material]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21080. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:168 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Epiplatys superbus (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:261 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1996:129 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Epiplatys grahami (Boulenger 1911) -- (Lazara 2001:107 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys grahami (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

symoensi, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] 1978:350, Fig. 3 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 92 (no. 2); ref. 8768] Near Mufumbi, 10°58'S, 28°09'E, Luapula drainage system, Malinde River valley, Shaba, Democratic Republic of Congo, elevation 1260 meters. Holotype: MRAC 73-25-P-1108. Paratypes: MRAC 73-25-P-1109 (1). •Valid as Nothobranchius symoensi Wildekamp 1978 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:273 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:228 [ref. 25711], Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2005:92 [ref. 28176], Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2004:249 [ref. 28097], Neumann 2008:85 [ref. 30291], Valdesaliciv 2010:51 [ref. 30802], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:355 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:181 [ref. 33512], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Watters et al. 2015:101 [ref. 33955], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius symoensi Wildekamp 1978. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Upper Luapula River basin, Democratic Republic of Congo and Zambia. Habitat: freshwater.

taeniatus, Panchax Pfaff [J. R.] 1933:294, Fig. 7 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 16517] Jebba, on Niger River, Niger State, 9°08'N, 4°50'E, northwestern Nigeria. Holotype: ZMUC. Paratypes: ZMUC (3). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:56 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Epiplatys bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881) -- (Huber 1982:62 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:246 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Wildekamp 1996:32 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Epiplatys bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881), but a valid subspecies taeniatus Pfaff 1933 -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:632 [ref. 21590], Dankwa et al. 1999:44 [ref. 28023], Lazara 2001:102 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys bifasciatus (Steindachner 1881). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

taeniopygus, Nothobranchius Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1891:20 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1891; ref. 18291] Residual pools of Kaputa creek, about 5 kilometers east of Kazi Kazi railway station, Tanzania, 5°37'S, 34°04'E. Neotype: ZMB 31905. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:163 [ref. 19981] as syntypes ZMB 12850 (3, lost). Neotype designated by Wildekamp 1990:194 [ref. 19788]. •Valid as Nothobranchius taeniopygus Hilgendorf 1891 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:273 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1990:194 [ref. 19788], Seegers 1993:268 [ref. 33655], see also Wildekamp 1994:194 [ref. 21566], Seegers 1996:275 [ref. 23725], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:229 [ref. 25711], De Vos et al. 2001:132 [ref. 26059], Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2004:250 [ref. 28097], Neumann 2008:87 [ref. 30291], Seegers 2008:185 [ref. 29830] without mention of the neotype designation, Valdesalici & Kardashev 2011:89 [ref. 31318], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Valdesalici 2012:191 [ref. 32258], Nagy 2014:355 [ref. 33245]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius taeniopygus Hilgendorf 1891. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Uganda and Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

taiti, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.] 2019:22, Figs. 2-5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 29 (no. 1) IEF-1091; ref. 36513] Ephemeral swamps of the Apapi River system, about 75 km northwest of Soroti town, upper Nile drainage, Uganda, 02°00'05"N, 34°05'40"E. Holotype: MRAC 2018.015.P.0001. Paratypes: BMNH, MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius taiti Nagy 2019. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius taiti Nagy 2019. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Apapi River system, Lake Kyoga basin, eastern Uganda. Habitat: freshwater.

tessmanni, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1924:310 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 11/12); ref. 15436] Cameroon. Holotype: ZMB (not found). Paratypes: ZMB (1, not found). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:168 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Questionably a synonym of Aphyosemion elberti (Ahl 1924) -- (Seegers 1988:14, 16 [ref. 19980]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion bualanum (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:203 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367] as tessmani, Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:602 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion elberti (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp 1993:145 [ref. 26378]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion elberti (Ahl 1924), subspecies elberti (Ahl 1924) -- (Lazara 2001:18 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion elberti (Ahl 1924). Nothobranchiidae.

teugelsi, Aphyosemion van der Zee [J. R.] & Sonnenberg [R.] 2010:61, Figs. 4-6 [Zootaxa No. 2724; ref. 31068] Lukula Creek, 10 kilometers north of panzi, 7°07'S, 17°57'E, Bandundu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo, elevation 779 meters. Holotype: MRAC 62053. Paratypes: MRAC 62504-57 (4). •Valid as Aphyosemion teugelsi van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2010 -- (Valdesalici & Eberl 2013:157 [ref. 32900], Valdesalici & Eberl 2014:116 [ref. 33277], van der Zee et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion teugelsi van der Zee & Sonnenberg 2010. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Lukulu Creek, tributary of Wamba River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

thierryi, Fundulosoma Ahl [E.] 1924:54 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 1/2) (art. 4); ref. 76] Benin [Dahomey]. Lectotype: ZMB 15775. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31559 [ex ZMB 15775] (6). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:159 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:159 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Nothobranchius thierryi (Ahl 1924) -- (Lazara 2001:229 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Fundulosoma thierryi Ahl 1924 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:262 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:54 [ref. 19980], Paugy & Bénech 1989:303 [ref. 26478], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:616 [ref. 21590], Poll & Gosse 1995:217 [ref. 24781], Wildekamp 1996:220 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Dankwa et al. 1999:43 [ref. 28023], Neumann 2008:97 [ref. 30291]). Current status: Valid as Fundulosoma thierryi Ahl 1924. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

thysi, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] & Huber [J. H.] 1978:173, Figs. 1-2 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 25 (no. 12); ref. 20502] Stream 500 meters from Ngala, on Titi-Mossendjo Road, Niari Province, Louéssé system, southern Republic of the Congo, 3°06'S, 12°43'E. Holotype: MRAC 78-22-P-304. Paratypes: MRAC 78-22-P-114-119 (6), 78-22-P-290-300 (11), 78-22-P-305 (1), 78-22-P-306-07 (2). •Valid as Aphyosemion thysi Radda & Huber 1978 -- (Radda 1980:3 [ref. 31297], Wildekamp et al. 1986:238 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:282 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:31 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:215 [ref. 30034], van der Zee et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion thysi Radda & Huber 1978. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

tirbaki, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] 1999:110, Fig. 2 [Freshwater and Marine Aquarium v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 23915] Forest "marigot" near Tsotandzala, a village on road from Lastourville to Moanda, Joumini River, Gabon, 1.28°S, 13.03°E, elevation 700 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1997-0186. Paratypes: ANSP 176179 (8); BMNH 1997.8.28.7-14 (8); CAS 96952 (8); MNHN 1997-0187 (18), 1997-0188 (26); MRAC 97-44-P-7-10 (4), 97-44-P-11-14 (4); NMW 93301 (4); NRM 37494 (8); UFRJ 3730 (8). •Valid as Aphyosemion tirbaki Huber 1999 -- (Huber 1999:53 [ref. 25500], Lazara 2001:31 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:167 [ref. 30034], van der Zee et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion tirbaki Huber 1999. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

toddi, Aphyosemion occidentale Clausen [H. S.] 1966:336, Fig. 5 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 74 (pts 3-4); ref. 844] Barmoi, 8°59'N, 12°38'W, Sierra Leone. Holotype: ZMUC P352573. Paratypes: whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Aphyosemion toddi Clausen 1966 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:238 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:597 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax toddi (Clausen 1966) -- (Wildekamp 1996:212 [ref. 23649]). •Valid as Callopanchax toddi (Clausen 1966) -- (Lazara 2001:67 [ref. 25711], Sonnenberg & Busch 2010:3 [ref. 30789], Costa 2015:141 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Callopanchax toddi (Clausen 1966). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sierra Leone. Habitat: freshwater.

togolensis, Epiplatys sexfasciatus Loiselle [P. V.] 1971:37, Fig. 2 [Journal of the American Killifish Association v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 7438] Headwaters of Hedjo (Todzie) River in coffee plantation of the Chief of Eyo, 8 kilometers north of Palimé, 6°55'N, 0°37'E, Togo. Holotype: USNM 205529. Paratypes: BMNH 1970.9.16.13-21 (9), USNM 205530-31 (1, 9). •Synonym of Epiplatys sexfasciatus Gill 1862 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:258 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Epiplatys sexfasciatus Gill 1862, but a valid subspecies togolensis Loiselle 1971 as described -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:635 [ref. 21590], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Dankwa et al. 1999:44 [ref. 28023], Lazara 2001:113 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Epiplatys togolensis Loiselle 1971 -- (Wildekamp 1996:130 [ref. 23649]). •Mention -- (Paugy & Bénech 1989:303 [ref. 26478]). Current status: Valid as Epiplatys togolensis Loiselle 1971. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Togo. Habitat: freshwater.

torgashevi, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] 2015:19, Figs. 1-3, 6 [Killi-Data Series 2015; ref. 34043] Temporary ditch associated with an unnamed affluent of the Mhwala River, Wembere River drainage, Lake Eyasi basin, Tanzania, 5°53.09'S, 34°17.12'E, elevation 1378 meters. Holotype: MSNG 58043. Paratypes: MSNG. •Valid as Nothobranchius torgashevi Valdesalici 2015 -- (Valdesalici & Amato 2019:120 [ref. 36960]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius torgashevi Valdesalici 2015. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Wembere River drainage, Lake Eyasi basin, Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

tototaensis, Epiplatys fasciolatus Romand [R.] 1978:43, Figs. 1-2 [Cybium 3e série. Bulletin de la Société Française d'Ichtyologie No. 4; ref. 9012] Small river south of Totota, 6°49'N, 9°56'W, Liberia. Holotype: MNHN 1978-0134. Paratypes: MNHN 1978-0135 (7). •Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:251 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477]). •Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866), but a valid subspecies tototaensis Romand 1978 as described -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:637 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1996:66 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:106 [ref. 25711], Etzel 2009:82 [ref. 30290]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Liberia, West Africa [this subspecies]. Habitat: freshwater.

traudeae, Aphyosemion mirabile Radda [A. C.] 1971:4, Fig. 1 [Vivarium, Wien v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 20515] Stream on southern border of Manyemen, upper Cross River system, 5°14'N, 9°23'E, southwestern Cameroon. Holotype: NMW 5958. Paratypes: NMW 5959 (1, allotype), 5960 (24). •Synonym of Aphyosemion mirabile Radda 1970 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:225 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax mirabilis (Radda 1970), subspecies moensis (Radda 1970) -- (Wildekamp 1996:187 [ref. 23649]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax mirabilis (Radda 1970), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Lazara 2001:133 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax traudeae (Radda 1971) -- (Berkenkamp 2003:55 [ref. 27548], van der Zee et al. 2007:123 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax traudeae (Radda 1971). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

trilineatus, Fundulopanchax Brüning [C.] 1930:78, Fig. 1 [Der Aquarienfisch- und Naturfreund No. 5; ref. 20524] Aquarium import from West Africa [? Cameroons / Equatorial Guinea]. No types known. •Valid as Fundulopanchax trilineatus (Brüning 1930) -- (Ladiges 1934:113 [ref. 20522]). •Valid as Aphyosemion trilineatum (Brüning 1930) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:239 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:284 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:31 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax oeseri (Schmidt 1928). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax oeseri (Schmidt 1928). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

troemneri, Adiniops Myers [G. S.] 1926:91 [The Fish Culturist v. 6; ref. 15599] Beira, Mozambique. Holotype (unique): USNM 92956. •Synonym of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:270 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:226 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:43 [ref. 30291]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

ugandensis, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] 1994:199, Figs. 5-7 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 21566] Temporary pool, right side of the road Tororo to Jinja, 1 kilometer west of Busesa, 0°30'N, 33°31'E, southern Uganda. Holotype: MRAC 93-159-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 93-159-P-2-13 (12). •Valid as Nothobranchius ugandensis Wildekamp 1994 -- (Lazara 2001:229 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Neumann 2008:88 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici et al. 2009:143 [ref. 30277], Valdesalici 2012:192 [ref. 32258], Valdesalici 2015:19 [ref. 34043], Valdesalici 2016:160 [ref. 34901], Valdesalici & Amato 2019:120 [ref. 36960]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius ugandensis Wildekamp 1994. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Uganda and Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

unicolor, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1924:309 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 60 (nos 11/12); ref. 15436] West Africa. Holotype (unique): ZMB 20986. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:168 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Aphyosemion unicolor (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:239 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion calliurum (Boulenger 1911) -- (Seegers 1988:4, 5 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:100 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:13 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion calliurum (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

unistrigatus, Aphyosemion (Fundulopanchax) Ahl [E.] 1935:123 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 112 (nos 5/6); ref. 13867] Bipindi, Cameroon. Lectotype: ZMB 19914. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31525 [ex ZMB 19914] (7). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:155-156 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:155-156 [ref. 19981]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion loennbergii (Boulenger 1903) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:222 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:38, 39 [ref. 19980], Wildekamp 1993:215 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:25 [ref. 25711], Pohlmann 2009:35 [ref. 30191]). •Synonym of Chromaphyosemion loennbergii (Boulenger 1903) -- (Sonnenberg 2000:90 [ref. 26135], Sonnenberg 2007:33 [ref. 29286]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion loennbergii (Boulenger 1903). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

usanguensis, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.], Watters [B. R.] & Shidlovskiy [K. M.] 2013:12, Figs. 9-11 [Journal of the American Killifish Association 47 (no. 1) (for Jan.-Feb. 2014); ref. 33613] Large pool near Nsuyanga (Sonyanga), ± 50 km east of Mbeya, along the road Zambia to Morogoro, 8°46’S, 33°45’E, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC 79-07-P-144. Paratypes: MRAC. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Nothobranchius usanguensis Wildekamp, Watters & Shidlovskiy 2013 -- (Wildekamp et al. 2015:181 [ref. 34445]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius usanguensis Wildekamp, Watters & Shidlovskiy 2013. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

vanderveldei, Aphyosemion gardneri Radda [A. C.] 1970:Figure caption [Österreichische Ärztezeitung v. 25 (no. 16); ref. 29995] Mesongabang/Mamfe, Western Cameroon. Not available, name only, no diagnose provided [and described after 1930 without a description, Art. 13.1.1] (see Litz & Koerber 2009:47 [ref. 30140]). •In the synonymy of Aphyosemion gardneri (Boulenger 1911), subspecies mamfense Radda 1974 -- (Litz & Koerber 2009:47 [ref. 30140]). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax gardneri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae.

variatum, Aphyosemion louessense Huber [J. H.] & Radda [A. C.] 1979:181, Fig. [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 26 (no. 11); ref. 20505] Nomen nudum mentioned in synonymy of Aphyosemion louessense (Pellegrin 1931) by Wildekamp 1993:217 [ref. 26378]. Name not italicized in original work by Huber & Radda and not combined with species name as shown in Wildekamp 1993:217 [ref. 26378]. Used as a vernacular name to denote unusual population. Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion louessense (Pellegrin 1931). Nothobranchiidae.

vexillifer, Panchax Meinken [H.] 1929:255, Fig. [Blätter für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 40 (no. 15); ref. 16109] West Africa. Museum in Magdeburg, Germany (lost). Syntypes: (100) No types known. •Synonym of Aphyosemion calliurum (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:204 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1988:4 [ref. 19980], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:612 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:100 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:14 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion calliurum (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

virgatus, Nothobranchius Chambers [J.] 1984:505, Fig. 1 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 25 (no. 5); ref. 8243] Jebel Megeinis, Kordofan Province, Sudan, 11°57'N, 32°06'E. Holotype: BMNH 1983.4.7.3. Paratypes: BMNH 1983.4.7.4-7 (4), .8 (1), .9-12 (4), .13-14 (2), .15 (1), .16 (1), .17 (1), .18 (1), .19-20 (2), .21-25 (5), .26-49 (24). Non-types: (2). •Valid as Nothobranchius virgatus Chambers 1984 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:274 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:230 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:89 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici et al. 2009:144 [ref. 30277], Valdesalici 2014:5 [ref. 33527], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius virgatus Chambers 1984. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sudan and Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

viridis, Roloffia Ladiges [W.] & Roloff [E.] 1973:155, Figs. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 26 (no. 5); ref. 18446] Jungle stream near Salayio, northwestern Liberia, near the border to Guinea, 7°37'N, 9°29'W. Holotype: ZMH H4730. Paratypes: ZMH H4731-4733 (1, 3, 11). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:160 [ref. 22013]. Also described as new in Ladiges and Roloff 1973 [ref. 32880] and [ref. 32881]. •Valid as Aphyosemion viride (Ladiges & Roloff 1973) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:239 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:606 [ref. 21590], Wildekamp 1993:285 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:55 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Nimbapanchax viridis (Ladiges & Roloff 1973) -- (Sonnenberg & Busch 2009:18 [ref. 30570], Costa 2015:138 [ref. 35411] as viride). Current status: Valid as Nimbapanchax viridis (Ladiges & Roloff 1973). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Guinea and Liberia, West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

volcanum, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] & Wildekamp [R. H.] 1977:137, Figs. 4-6 [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 9 (no. 9); ref. 20523] Small stream, southwest of Kumbas, western Cameroon, 4°38'N, 9°27'E. Holotype: NMW. Paratypes: NMW (28), MRAC (2). •Valid as Chromaphyosemion volcanum (Radda & Wildekamp 1977) -- (Sonnenberg 2000:84 [ref. 26135], Völker et al. 2007:2 [ref. 29147]). •Synonym of Chroaphyosemion splendopleure (Brüning 1929) -- (Sonnenberg 2007:34 [ref. 29286]). •Valid as Aphyosemion volcanum Radda & Wildekamp 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:239 [ref. 6198], Amiet 1991:93 [ref. 20000], Wildekamp 1993:287 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:32 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:157 [ref. 30034], Pohlmann 2009:35 [ref. 30191], Agnèse et al. 2013:520 [ref. 32730]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion volcanum Radda & Wildekamp 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

vosseleri, Nothobranchius Ahl [E.] 1924:144 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 61(nos 5/6); ref. 15437] Northeastern Tanzania, 4°53'S, 38°18'E. Holotype (unique): ZMB (not found). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:164 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Nothobranchius palmquisti (Lönnberg 1907) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:271 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Nothobranchius vosseleri Ahl 1924 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1998:291 [ref. 23323], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:230 [ref. 25711], Valdesalici 2007:61 [ref. 29287], Neumann 2008:38 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici & Hengstler 2008:190 [ref. 29898], Wildekamp et al. 2009:251 [ref. 30677]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius vosseleri Ahl 1924. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

wachtersi, Aphyosemion Radda [A. C.] & Huber [J. H.] 1978:179, Figs. 8-9 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 25 (no. 12); ref. 20502] Small water source of a pool in Voula II Village, 9 kilometers northeastern of Zanaga, on way to Ogowe, southern Congo, about 2°50'S, 13°51'E. Holotype: MRAC 78-22-P-308. Paratypes: MRAC 78-22-P-309 to 317 (9). •Valid as Aphyosemion wachtersi Radda & Huber 1978 -- (Radda 1980:3 [ref. 31297], Wildekamp et al. 1986:240 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:289 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:32 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:193 [ref. 30034], van der Zee et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion wachtersi Radda & Huber 1978. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-cenrtral Africa: Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

walkeri, Fundulus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:262 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 8 (no. 44); ref. 578] Bokitsa Mine, Ghana. Syntypes: BMNH 1903.4.24.147-149 (3). •Valid as Aphyosemion walkeri (Boulenger 1911) with a valid subspecies as described -- (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1980:35, 37 [ref. 30497]). •Valid as Aphyosemion walkeri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Huber 1982:57 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:240 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:599 [ref. 21590], Dankwa et al. 1999:40 [ref. 28023]). •Valid as Fundulopanchax walkeri (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp 1996:214 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:136 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Fundulopanchax walkeri (Boulenger 1911). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

wattersi, Nothobranchius Ng'oma [E.], Valdesalici [S.], Reichwald [K.] & Cellerino [A.] 2013:166 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 82 (issue 1); ref. 32344] Awaiting original description. •Valid as Nothobranchius wattersi Ng'oma, Valdesalici, Reichwald & Cellerino 2013. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius wattersi Ng'oma, Valdesalici, Reichwald & Cellerino 2013. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Lake Malawi-Shire, West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

wieseae, Scriptaphyosemion Sonnenberg [R.] & Busch [E.] 2012:19, Fig. 4 [Bonn zoological Bulletin v. 61 (no. 1); ref. 32091] Lenghe Curohm Sanghi or Sanigi River, 9°28.04'N, 11°40.58'W, Sierra Leone. Holotype: ZFMK 47680. Paratypes: MRAC B2-06-P-1-2 (2); ZFMK 47681-92 (12), 47693-707 (15); ZSM 41596 (2). Plus non-type material., •Valid as Scriptaphyosemion wieseae Sonnenberg & Busch 2012 -- (Costa 2015:142 [ref. 35411]). Current status: Valid as Scriptaphyosemion wieseae Sonnenberg & Busch 2012. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sierra Leone. Habitat: freshwater.

wildekampi, Aphyosemion Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1973:113, Figs. 3-4 [Aquarienfreund v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 7358] Forest creek in the vicinity of Diang, 40 kilometers west of Bertoua [not correct], eastern Cameroon. Holotype: NMW. Paratypes: ?MRAC 75-34-P-1-3 (3), NMW (1). Berkenkamp's original description of the type locality is incorrect, the original collector states they were caught immediately east of Bertoua, along a road to the airport in a brook (Vlaming 1988:44 [ref. 33465]). An English translation of the description was reprinted in Berkenkamp 1974:6 [ref. 33464]. •Valid as Aphyosemion wildekampi Berkenkamp 1973 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:241 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:293 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:32 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:219 [ref. 30034], van der Zee et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion wildekampi Berkenkamp 1973. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Central African Republic and Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

willerti, Nothobranchius (Aphyobranchius) Wildekamp [R. H.] 1992:189, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 20006] Residual pool of a small stream flowing to the lower Tana River, 1°59'S, 40°08'E, Mnanzini, Kenya. Holotype: MRAC 91-65-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 91-65-P-2-4 (3). •Valid as Nothobranchius willerti Wildekamp 1992 -- (Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:230 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:8 [ref. 26060], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Neumann 2008:68 [ref. 30291]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius willerti Wildekamp 1992. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

winifredae, Aphyosemion celiae Radda [A. C.] & Scheel [J. J.] 1975:100, Fig. [Das Aquarium, Zeitschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienfreunde v. 9 (no. 69); ref. 7462] Cameroon Republic. Holotype: NMW 74939 (1 of 9). Paratypes: NMW 74939 (8 of 9). Also appeared as new in Radda & Scheel 1976:52 [ref. 31344]. •Synonym of Aphyosemion celiae Scheel 1971 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:206 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion celiae Scheel 1971, and doubtfully valid as a subspecies -- (Wildekamp 1993:116 [ref. 26378]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion celiae Scheel 1971, but a valid subspecies winifredae Radda & Scheel 1975 as described -- (Lazara 2001:15 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:189 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Synonym of Aphyosemion celiae Scheel 1971. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Near Kumba, northwestern Cameroon [this subspecies].

wuendschi, Aphyosemion hanneloreae Radda [A. C.] & Pürzl [E.] 1985:159, Figs. 2-3 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift mit Vereinsmitteilungen v. 32 (no. 11); ref. 17262] Rainforest swamp-creek, 50 kilometers south of Mbigou, on the road to Malinga, Ngounié Province, southern Gabon, elevation about 600 meters. Holotype: NMW not researched. Paratypes: NMW (3). Appears as Aphyosemion h. wuendschi sp. nov. [we regard as a new subspecies]. •Questionably valid as a subspecies of Aphyosemion hanneloreae Radda & Pürzl 1985 -- (Wildekamp 1993:187 [ref. 26378]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion hanneloreae Radda & Pürzl 1985, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Lazara 2001:23 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Aphyosemion wuendschi Radda & Pürzl 1985 -- (van der Zee et al. 2007:213 [ref. 30034], Valdesalici & Eberl 2014:112 [ref. 33277]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion wuendschi Radda & Pürzl 1985. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: southern Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

zenkeri, Panchax Ahl [E.] 1928:117, Fig. 3 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 79 (nos 3/4) (art. 8); ref. 78] Bipindenof [Bipindi], 3°12'N, 10°35'E, southwestern Cameroon. Holotype: ZMB 31320 [ex ZMB 16635]. Paratypes: ZMB 31495 [ex ZMB 31320 = ex ZMB 16635] (2). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:168 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Epiplatys grahami (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp 1996:70 [ref. 23649]). •Valid as Epiplatys zenkeri (Ahl 1928) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:262 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:115 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Epiplatys infrafasciatus (Günther 1866) but a valid subspecies as described. Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys infrafasciatus (Günther 1866). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Between Bipindi and Kribi, western Cameroon, Africa (this subspecies). Habitat: freshwater.

zimiensis, Epiplatys Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1977:166, Fig. 2 [Aquarienfreund v. 6 (no. 9); ref. 8847] Creek at Zimi (entrance area of the Maho River), Pujehun District, Southwest Province, Sierra Leone. Holotype: MRAC 77-37-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 77-37-P-2-8 (6); Berkenkamp coll. (1). •Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:251 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:636 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866), but a valid subspecies -- (Wildekamp 1996:68 [ref. 23649], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895]). •Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866), subspecies fasciolatus (Günther 1866) -- (Lazara 2001:106 [ref. 25711], Etzel 2009:82 [ref. 30290]). Current status: Synonym of Epiplatys fasciolatus (Günther 1866). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sierra Leone, West Africa (if valid as subspecies). Habitat: freshwater.

zimmeri, Fundulus Ahl [E.] 1924:139 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 61(nos 5/6); ref. 15437] Niger. Lectotype: ZMB 21161. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31485 [ex ZMB 21161] (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:161 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:161 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Aphyosemion zimmeri (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:242 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aphyosemion sjoestedti (Lönnberg 1895) -- (Seegers 1988:49 [ref. 19980], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:601 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax sjoestedti (Lönnberg 1895) -- (Wildekamp 1996:207 [ref. 23649], Lazara 2001:135 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Fundulopanchax sjostedti (Lönnberg 1895). Current status: Synonym of Fundulopanchax sjostedti (Lönnberg 1895). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

zygaima, Aphyosemion Huber [J. H.] 1981:27, Fig. [Tropical Fish Hobbyist v. 29 (no. 8); ref. 8330] Mindouli, 100 kilometers west of Brazzaville, Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 73-39-P-1635. Paratypes: MRAC 73-39-P-1636-45 (10), 78-19-P-89-94 (6). •Valid as Aphyosemion zygaima Huber 1981 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:242 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1993:296 [ref. 26378], Lazara 2001:32 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:197 [ref. 30034], van der Zee et al. 2018:87 [ref. 35718]). Current status: Valid as Aphyosemion zygaima Huber 1981. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: West-central Africa: southern Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.