Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Oplegnathidae: [ 12 ] records


algoensis, Hoplegnathus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1916:56, Fig. [Marine Biological Report South Africa 1914-1918 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 5602] Algoa Bay, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): PEM. •Synonym of Oplegnathus conwayi Richardson 1840 -- (Heemstra 1986:632 [ref. 5660]). Current status: Synonym of Oplegnathus conwayi Richardson 1840. Oplegnathidae. Habitat: marine.

australis, Hoplegnathus Regan [C. T.] 1916:169 [Annals of the Durban Museum v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 12509] Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH. •Synonym of Oplegnathus woodwardi Waite 1900 -- (Bray & Hoese 2006:1349 [ref. 29049]). Current status: Synonym of Oplegnathus woodwardi Waite 1900. Oplegnathidae. Habitat: marine.

conwaii, Oplegnathus Richardson [J.] 1840:27 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1840 (pt 8, no. 87); ref. 3733] Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia [in error; known only from South Africa]. Holotype (unique): Haslar Museum, mounted (whereabouts unknown). Also described in Richardson 1844:145, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [ref. 20295] but as Hoplognathus conwayii; named after a Mr. Conway, so conwaii perhaps should be corrected. •Valid as Oplegnathus conwayi Richardson 1840 -- (Heemstra 1986:632 [ref. 5660], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:296 [ref. 28072]). Current status: Valid as Oplegnathus conwayi Richardson 1840. Oplegnathidae. Distribution: South Africa. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Oplegnathus Krøyer [H. N.] 1845:213 [Naturhistorisk Tidsskrift (Kjøbenhavn) (n. s.) v. 1; ref. 2689] San Lorenzo, Callao, Peru. Holotype: ZMUC uncat. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:69 [ref. 9588]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Oplegnathus by Scaradon fasciatus Temminck & Schlegel 1844. Oplegnathidae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Scaradon Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:89, Pl. 46 (figs. 1-2) [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Ōmura Bay, near Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D2202 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH D1185-1191 (7, stuffed), 1226 (1), D2190 (1, stuffed), D2213 (1, stuffed), D2349 (1, stuffed); ZMB (1, missing). Type catalog: Paepke 2001:330 [ref. 25566]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:87 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Oplegnathus fasciatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1844) [sometimes with author as Krøyer] -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:190 [ref. 6441], Cheng & Zhou 1997:319 [ref. 26385], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:12 [ref. 24670], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:956 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:185 [ref. 25480], Shimizu 2001:32 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:956 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:359, 628 [ref. 26218], Parin 2003:S15 [ref. 28536], Mundy 2005:413 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:300 [ref. 30952], Motomura et al. 2010:143 [ref. 31256], Parin et al. 2014:377 [ref. 33547], Motomura et al. 2015:26 [ref. 34709], Dulĉić et al. 2016:261 [ref. 34822]). Current status: Valid as Oplegnathus fasciatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1844). Oplegnathidae. Distribution: Western and central North Pacific: off Kuril Islands, Japan, Ogasawara Islands, Hawaiian Islands; introduced in Mediterranean Sea (immigrant, Croatia) [ref. 34822]. Habitat: marine.

insigne, Scarostoma Kner [R.] 1867:715 [7], Pl. 2 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 56; ref. 2645] West coast of South America. Original number of holotype: MGH 3748. •Valid as Oplegnathus insignis (Kner 1867) -- (Pequeño 1989:62 [ref. 14125], Allen & Robertson 1994:183 [ref. 22193], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:448 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:339 [ref. 24555], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Oplegnathus insignis (Kner 1867). Oplegnathidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

maculosus, Hoplegnathus Richardson [J.] 1846:247 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China; Sea of China. No types known. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:215, Pl. 23b [ref. 11606]). Oplegnathidae.

pappei, Ichthyorhamphos Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:35 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Kalk Bay, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): not at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:36 [ref. 15502]. •Synonym of Oplegnathus conwayi Richardson 1840 -- (Heemstra 1986:632 [ref. 5660]). Current status: Synonym of Oplegnathus conwayi Richardson 1840. Oplegnathidae. Habitat: marine.

peaolopesi, Oplegnathus Smith [J. L. B.] 1947:798 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 13 (no. 108) (art. 77); ref. 4073] Delagoa Bay, Mozambique to Beira, western Indian Ocean. Syntypes: (several) SAIAB [formerly RUSI], not researched. •Valid as Oplegnathus peaolopesi Smith 1947 -- (Heemstra 1986:632 [ref. 5660], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:296 [ref. 28072]). Current status: Valid as Oplegnathus peaolopesi Smith 1947. Oplegnathidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Scaradon Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:91 [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D1195 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH D1192-1194 (3, stuffed), D2258 (1, stuffed). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:87 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Oplegnathus punctatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1844) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:190 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:523, 695 [ref. 8056], Chen et al. 1997:130 [ref. 26476], Myers 1999:174 [ref. 23965], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:956 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:185 [ref. 25480], Shimizu 2001:33 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:956 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:359, 628 [ref. 26218], Parin 2003:S15 [ref. 28536], Lobel & Lobel 2004:73 [ref. 27576], Mundy 2005:414 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:301 [ref. 30952], Motomura et al. 2010:143 [ref. 31256], Motomura et al. 2015:26 [ref. 34709], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458] in family Kyphosidae, Koeda et al. 2016:62 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:12 [ref. 35354], Nakae in Kimura et al. 2018:213 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Oplegnathus punctatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1844). Oplegnathidae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: South China Sea to Japan, Mariana Islands, Ogasawara Islands, Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Island. Habitat: marine.

robinsoni, Hoplegnathus (Scarostoma) Regan [C. T.] 1916:168 [Annals of the Durban Museum v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 12509] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1915.7.6.15. Original genus should have been Oplegnathus. •Valid as Oplegnathus robinsoni Regan 1916 -- (Heemstra 1986:632 [ref. 5660], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:296 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2018:247 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Oplegnathus robinsoni Regan 1916. Oplegnathidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South Africa and Mozambique to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

woodwardi, Hoplegnathus Waite [E. R.] 1900:212, Pl. 37 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 3 (no. 7); ref. 14739] Swan River, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.4215. Original genus should have been Oplegnathus. •Valid as Oplegnathus woodwardi Waite 1900 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:637 [ref. 22532], Bray & Hoese 2006:1349 [ref. 29049] with a holotype, Gomon 2008:620 [ref. 30616], Stewart & Trnksi 2015:1335 [ref. 34206], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458] in family Kyphosidae). Current status: Valid as Oplegnathus woodwardi Waite 1900. Oplegnathidae. Distribution: Australia and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.