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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Pentacerotidae: [ 20 ] records


acutirostris, Histiopterus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:88 [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Ōmura, Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Kyūshū, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D822 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH 2398 (1, stuffed). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:86 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Evistias acutirostris (Temminck & Schlegel 1844) -- (Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:189 [ref. 6441], Hardy 1983:185 [ref. 5385], Paulin et al. 1989:196 [ref. 24556], Hardy in Amaoka et al. 1990:282 [ref. 16024], Kuiter 1993:249 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Mundy & Moser 1997:260 [ref. 23514], Yokogawa & Abe 2000:5 [ref. 24402], Nakabo 2000:908 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:311 [ref. 25191], Shinohara et al. 2001:327 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:908 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:355, 625 [ref. 26218], Randall 2005:344 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:408 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1312 [ref. 29091], Randall 2007:299 [ref. 30952], Motomura et al. 2010:142 [ref. 31256], Shinohara et al. 2011:53 [ref. 31715], Kim 2012:89 [ref. 32039], Shinohara et al. 2014:263 [ref. 33330], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:114 [ref. 36167], Hernández et al. 2015:525 [ref. 34036], Trnski 2015:1309 [ref. 34198]). Current status: Valid as Evistias acutirostris (Temminck & Schlegel 1844). Pentacerotidae: Histiopterinae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: southern Japan; Hawaiian Islands; eastern Australia and New Caledonia east to Matthew and Hunter Islands, south to northern New Zealand, Kermadec Islands and Easter Island. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Pentaceros Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:30, Pl. 43 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic. RMNH. •Valid as Pentaceros capensis Cuvier 1829 -- (Hardy 1983:197 [ref. 5385], Heemstra 1986:623 [ref. 5660], Pequeño et al. 1992:171 [ref. 21510], Pequeño 1997:83 [ref. 23536], Pequeño & Lamilla 2000:434 [ref. 24906], Bray et al. 2006:1315 [ref. 29091], Randall 2007:298 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:75 [ref. 30213], Kim 2012:94 [ref. 32039], Fricke et al. 2018:243 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Pentaceros capensis Cuvier 1829. Pentacerotidae: Pentacerotinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, western Indian Ocean: South Africa to Madagascar and Réunion (Mascarenes); possibly also Australia and Chile. Habitat: marine.

decacanthus, Pentaceros Günther [A.] 1859:213 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Pacific. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1858.12.27.109. Also listed was Plate XV. fig. A, but on preface p. vi it is stated, "The Plates referred to, and executed by Mr. Ford, will be published as a separate volume." The plates were not published. •Valid as Pentaceros decacanthus Günther 1859 -- (Hardy 1983:200 [ref. 5385], Pequeño 1989:62 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:197 [ref. 24556], Hardy in Amaoka et al. 1990:283 [ref. 16024], Gomon et al. 1994:635 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:37 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:1315 [ref. 29091], Gomon 2008:615 [ref. 30616], Kim 2012:94 [ref. 32039], Trnski 2015:1311 [ref. 34198]). Current status: Valid as Pentaceros decacanthus Günther 1859. Pentacerotidae: Pentacerotinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

elevatus, Histiopterus Ramsay [E. P.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1888:1311 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 3 (pt 3); ref. 18600] Off Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia, depth 70 fathoms. Holotype: AMS I.1894. •Valid as Zanclistius elevatus (Ramsay & Ogilby 1888) -- (Hardy 1983:183 [ref. 5385], Paulin et al. 1989:196 [ref. 24556], Hardy in Amaoka et al. 1990:285 [ref. 16024], Kuiter 1993:251 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:636 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:37 [ref. 25847], Gomon 2008:617 [ref. 30616], Kim 2012:90 [ref. 32039], Trnski 2015:1313 [ref. 34198]). Current status: Valid as Zanclistius elevatus (Ramsay & Ogilby 1888). Pentacerotidae: Histiopterinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Australia and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

farnelli, Histiophorus Waite [E. R.] 1898:33, Pl. 4 [New South Wales fisheries; ref. 14694] Shoalhaven Bight, New South Wales, Australia, Thetis station 50, depth 15-18 fathoms. Holotype (unique): AMS I.3859. •Synonym of Paristiopterus labiosus (Günther 1872) -- (Hardy 1983:189 [ref. 5385], Gomon et al. 1994:633 [ref. 22532], Bray et al. 2006:1314 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Paristiopterus labiosus (Günther 1872). Pentacerotidae: Histiopterinae. Habitat: marine.

gallipavo, Paristiopterus Whitley [G. P.] 1944:28, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales v. for 1943-44; ref. 4704] Off Rockingham, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.2589-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:28 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:30 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Paristiopterus gallipavo Whitley 1944 -- (Hardy 1983:192 [ref. 5385], Gomon et al. 1994:631 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Gomon 2008:612 [ref. 30616], Kim 2012:92 [ref. 32039]). Current status: Valid as Paristiopterus gallipavo Whitley 1944. Pentacerotidae: Histiopterinae. Distribution: Australia: South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

hendecacanthus, Quinquarius McCulloch [A. R.] 1915:144, Pl. 26 (figs. 1-3) [Biological Results Endeavour v. 3 (pt 3); ref. 2941] Victoria and Great Australian Bight, Australia, depth 160-300 fathoms. Holotype: AMS E.4606. Paratypes: AMS E.4607 (1), ?QM I.2342 (?). •Synonym of Pentaceros decacanthus Günther 1859 -- (Hardy 1983:200 [ref. 5385], Gomon et al. 1994:635 [ref. 22532], Bray et al. 2006:1315 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Pentaceros decacanthus Günther 1859. Pentacerotidae: Pentacerotinae. Habitat: marine.

hutchinsi, Parazanclistius Hardy [G. S.] 1983:375, Fig. 1 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 10 (pt 4); ref. 5392] Transit Reefs, Rottnest Island, Western Australia, 32°00'S, 115°30'E. Holotype: WAM P.25718-001. Paratypes: NMNZ P.12195 (2); WAM P.725-001 (1), P.16411-001 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:11 [ref. 18942], Hutchins & Smith 1991:28 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:30 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Parazanclistius hutchinsi Hardy 1983 -- (Kuiter 1993:250 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:630 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:238 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:1313 [ref. 29091], Gomon 2008:611 [ref. 30616], Kim 2012:93 [ref. 32039]). Current status: Valid as Parazanclistius hutchinsi Hardy 1983. Pentacerotidae: Histiopterinae. Distribution: Australia: Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

insignis, Richardsonia Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:112 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Western Port (via Melbourne market), Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Paristiopterus labiosus (Günther 1872) -- (Hardy 1983:189 [ref. 5385], Gomon et al. 1994:633 [ref. 22532], Bray et al. 2006:1314 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Paristiopterus labiosus (Günther 1872). Pentacerotidae: Histiopterinae. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Pentaceros Steindachner [F.] 1883:124 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 20 (no. 15) (for 14 June 1883); ref. 20490] Tokyo, Japan. Syntypes: NMW 82877 (1), 86123 (1). Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:8, Pl. 5 (figs. 1-2) [ref. 4247]. •Valid as Pentaceros japonicus Steindachner 1883 -- (Mochizuki in Okamura et al. 1982:241, 384 [ref. 8256], Hardy 1983:203 [ref. 5385], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:189 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:521, 694 [ref. 8056], Pequeño 1989:62 [ref. 14125], Nakabo 2000:908 [ref. 25182] with author as Döderlein, Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:495 [ref. 25191], Shinohara et al. 2001:327 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:000 [ref. 26193] with author as Döderlein, Youn 2002:355, 625 [ref. 26218] with author as Döderlein, Shinohara et al. 2005:436 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:408 [ref. 28379], Kim 2012:94 [ref. 32039], Shinohara et al. 2014:263 [ref. 33330], Koeda et al. 2016:61 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Pentaceros japonicus Steindachner 1883. Pentacerotidae: Pentacerotinae. Distribution: Pacific: Ryukyu Islands north to southern Japan, east to Ogasawara Islands and Hawaiian Ridge; Chesterfield Islands (New Caledonia); Nazca and Sala-y-Gomez ridges. Habitat: marine.

knerii, Pentaceros Steindachner [F.] 1866:19 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 3; ref. 21713] Cape Horn, South America. Holotype (unique): NMW 38617. Species first described in the abstract above, later described and illustrated in more detail in Steindachner 1866 [ref. 14059], p. 208 [p. 1 of separate], Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2); also appeared in English in Steindachner 1866:311 [ref. 21712]. •Valid as Pentaceros knerii Steindachner 1866 -- (Pequeño 1989:62 [ref. 14125]). •Synonym of Pseudopentaceros richardsoni (Smith 1844) -- (Hardy 1983:206 [ref. 5385], Gomon et al. 1994:636 [ref. 22532]). •Synonym of Pentaceros richardsoni Smith 1844. Current status: Synonym of Pentaceros richardsoni Smith 1844. Pentacerotidae: Pentacerotinae. Habitat: marine.

labiosus, Histiopterus Günther [A.] 1872:658, Pl. 59 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] South Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1870.12.27.35. •Valid as Paristiopterus labiosus (Günther 1872) -- (Hardy 1983:189 [ref. 5385], Paulin et al. 1989:196 [ref. 24556], Kuiter 1993:249 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:632 [ref. 22532], Johnson 1999:740 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:37 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:1314 [ref. 29091], Gomon 2008:613 [ref. 30616], Kim 2012:93 [ref. 32039], Trnski 2015:1310 [ref. 34198]). Current status: Valid as Paristiopterus labiosus (Günther 1872). Pentacerotidae: Histiopterinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Australia (southern Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania) and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

nelsonensis, Griffinetta Whitley [G. P.] & Phillipps [W. J.] 1939:233 [Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 69 (no. 2); ref. 4737] Nelson, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.214. Type catalog: Hardy 1990:11 [ref. 18942]. On Pseudopentaceros richardsoni of McCulloch & Phillipps 1923, RAM v. 14 (no. 1), p. 18, Pl. 4 (fig. 1). •Synonym of Pentaceros richardsoni Smith 1844 -- (Follett & Dempster 1963:315 [ref. 6569]). •Synonym of Pseudopentaceros richardsoni (Smith 1844) -- (Hardy 1983:206 [ref. 5385], Gomon et al. 1994:636 [ref. 22532]). •Synonym of Pentaceros richardsoni Smith 1844. Current status: Synonym of Pentaceros richardsoni Smith 1844. Pentacerotidae: Pentacerotinae. Habitat: marine.

pectoralis, Pseudopentaceros Hardy [G. S.] 1983:212, Figs. 12, 13B [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 5385] Ladd Bank, Leeward Islands, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: BPBM 27853. Paratypes: BPBM 25156 (2), 25757 (2); HUMZ 45160-61 (2); OSUO 483 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 13849 (1). •Valid as Pseudopentaceros pectoralis Hardy 1983 -- (Mundy & Moser 1997:241 [ref. 23514]). •Synonym of Pseudopentaceros wheeleri Hardy 1983 -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:659 [ref. 25968], Mundy 2005:409 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Pentaceros pectoralis (Hardy 1983) -- (authors). •Synonym of Pentaceros wheeleri (Hardy 1983). Current status: Synonym of Pentaceros wheeleri (Hardy 1983). Pentacerotidae: Pentacerotinae. Habitat: marine.

quinquespinis, Pentaceros Parin [N. V.] & Kotlyar [A. N.] 1988:356 [80], Fig. [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 28 (no. 3); ref. 13518] Bol'shaya Seamount eastern Pacific, 25°42'S, 85°28'W, depth 175-210 meters. Holotype: ZIN 48053. Paratypes: NMNZ P20369 (2); USNM 285046-47 (3, 1); ZIN 48054-56 (2, 3, 1), 48059 (3); ZMMU P-17072-76 (1, 1, 3, 3, 1), P-17115-17 (1, 4, 1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:11 [ref. 18942], Vasil'eva et al. 2001:83 [ref. 25714]. On p. 80 of English translation. •Valid as Pentaceros quinquespinis Parin & Kotlyar 1988 -- (Pequeño 1997:83 [ref. 23536], Kim 2012:94 [ref. 32039]). Current status: Valid as Pentaceros quinquespinis Parin & Kotlyar 1988. Pentacerotidae: Pentacerotinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

recurvirostris, Histiopterus Richardson [J.] 1845:34, Pl. 22 (figs. 5-6) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Storm Bay, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): mutilated head only. •Valid as Pentaceropsis recurvirostris (Richardson 1845) -- (Hardy 1983:194 [ref. 5385], Kuiter 1993:250 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:633 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:238 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:37 [ref. 25847], Bray et al. 2006:1314 [ref. 29091], Gomon 2008:614 [ref. 30616], Kim 2012:91 [ref. 32039]). Current status: Valid as Pentaceropsis recurvirostris (Richardson 1845). Pentacerotidae: Histiopterinae. Distribution: Australia: New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

richardsoni, Pentaceros Smith [A.] 1844:no pagination [51], Pl. 21 [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Very deep water near Cape Point, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1845.7.3.56 (stuffed). •Valid as Pseudopentaceros richardsoni (Smith 1844) -- (Hardy 1983:206 [ref. 5385], Heemstra 1986:623 [ref. 5660], Paulin et al. 1989:197 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165, 166 [ref. 36134], McAllister 1990:153 [ref. 14674], Hardy in Amaoka et al. 1990:284 [ref. 16024], Gomon et al. 1994:635 [ref. 22532], Mundy & Moser 1997:241 [ref. 23514], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:495 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:37 [ref. 25847], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:250 [ref. 28072], Gomon 2008:616 [ref. 30616], Randall 2007:299 [ref. 30952], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:114 [ref. 36167], Nión et al. 2016:49 [ref. 35565]). •Valid as Pentaceros richardsoni Smith 1844 -- (Follett & Dempster 1963:315 [ref. 6569], Mochizuki in Okamura et al. 1982:243, 384 [ref. 8256], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:225 [ref. 9277], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:190 [ref. 6441], Kim 2012:94 [ref. 32039], Trnski 2015:1312 [ref. 34198], Brown et al. 2019:176 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Pentaceros richardsoni Smith 1844. Pentacerotidae: Pentacerotinae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

spinifer, Histiopterus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1904:3, Pl. 21 [Marine Investigations in South Africa v. 3; ref. 1646] Mossel Bay, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 30-36 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAM 11692. •Valid as Histioperus spinifer Gilchrist 1904 -- (Dor 1984:178 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Histiopterus typus Temminck & Schlegel 1844 -- (Hardy 1983:179 [ref. 5385], Heemstra 1986:622 [ref. 5660], Golani & Fricke 2018:112 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Histiopterus typus Temminck & Schlegel 1844. Pentacerotidae: Histiopterinae. Habitat: marine.

typus, Histiopterus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:86, Pl. 45 [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Kyūshū, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 422. Paralectotypes: ?RMNH D543 (1, stuffed). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:86 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Histiopterus typus Temminck & Schlegel 1844 -- (Hardy 1983:179 [ref. 5385], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:189 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:521, 694 [ref. 8056], Heemstra 1986:622 [ref. 5660], Allen & Swainston 1988:108 [ref. 25477], Baranes & Golani 1993:310 [ref. 22372], Goren & Dor 1994:49 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:256 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:390 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:174 [ref. 23977], Mundy & Moser 1997:258 [ref. 23514], Carpenter et al. 1997:195 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:130 [ref. 26476], Fricke 1999:351 [ref. 24106], Heemstra in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:908 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:327 [ref. 25995], Heemstra 2001:3288 [ref. 26120], Nakabo 2002:908 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:355, 625 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Shinohara et al. 2005:436 [ref. 28370], Bray et al. 2006:1313 [ref. 29091], Fricke et al. 2009:75 [ref. 30213], Shinohara et al. 2011:53 [ref. 31715], Kim 2012:89 [ref. 32039], Larson et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32988], Shinohara et al. 2014:263 [ref. 33330], Psomadakis et al. 2015:292 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:170 [ref. 35490], Golani & Fricke 2018:112 [ref. 36273], Jawad et al. 2018:119 [ref. 36262]). Current status: Valid as Histiopterus typus Temminck & Schlegel 1844. Pentacerotidae: Histiopterinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa, Comores, Réunion (western Mascarenes) and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

wheeleri, Pseudopentaceros Hardy [G. S.] 1983:209, Fig. 11 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 5385] Kinmei Seamount, Emperor Seamount Chain, [Hawaiian Ridge], northern central Pacific. Holotype: HUMZ 90823. Paratypes: BPBM 20684 (2), 26410 (3); HUMZ 90824-25 and 90827 (3); MTUF 21775-77 (3); NMNZ P.13040 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:11 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Pseudopentaceros wheeleri Hardy 1983 -- (Mundy & Moser 1997:241 [ref. 23514], Nakabo 2000:908 [ref. 25182], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:659 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:908 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:631 [ref. 27495], Nelson et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:409 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:299 [ref. 30952], Page et al. 2013:155 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Pentaceros wheeleri (Hardy 1983) -- (Kim 2012:94 [ref. 32039], Bae et al. 2018:[1] [ref. 35744]). Current status: Valid as Pentaceros wheeleri (Hardy 1983). Pentacerotidae: Pentacerotinae. Distribution: North Pacific: Emperor Seamount chain to Japan and Ogasawara Islands east to Aleutian Islands and California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.