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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Peristediidae: [ 76 ] records


adeni, Peristethus Lloyd [R. E.] 1907:8 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 15153] Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, 13°36'N, 47°32'E, Investigator station 360, depth 130 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F1433/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:155 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:43 [ref. 22148]. Figured in Lloyd 1908: Pl. 43 (figs. 1, 1a) [ref. 20538]. •Valid as Satyrichthys adeni (Lloyd 1907) -- (Miller 1974:61 [ref. 23142], Heemstra 1982:292 [ref. 5416], Heemstra 1986:489 [ref. 5660], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847] as cf. adeni, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:152 [ref. 28072], Kawai 2008:26 [ref. 29787], Ali et al. 2009:2 [ref. 30665], Ho & Shao 2011: 41 [ref. 31432], Kawai 2013:422 [ref. 32560]). •Synonym of Satyrichthys laticeps (Schlegel 1852) -- (Kawai 2014:136 [ref. 33607]). Current status: Synonym of Satyrichthys laticeps (Schlegel 1852). Peristediidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific (if valid). Habitat: marine.

altipinnis, Peristedion Regan [C. T.] 1903:65, Pl. 8 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1903, v. 2 (pt 1) (art. 4) (for 12 May 1903); ref. 3615] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1903.6.9.69 (1). •Valid as Peristedion altipinne Regan1903 -- (Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:74 [ref. 27192], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:139 [ref. 37485]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion altipinne Regan 1903. Peristediidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Rio Grande do Norte south to Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil). Habitat: marine.

amblygenys, Peristedion Fowler [H. W.] 1938:122, Fig. 58 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Off San Fernando Pt. Light, western coast of Luzon Island, Philippines, 16°30'36"N, 120°11'06"E, Albatross station D.5442, depth 45 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 98870. Paratypes: USNM 98923-27 (1, 1, 3, 1, 18). •Valid as Peristedion amblygenys Fowler 1938 -- (Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787], Ho et al. 2013:39 [ref. 33263], Ono & Kawai 2014:117 [ref. 35455], Kawai 2016:343 [ref. 34782], Fricke et al. 2017:101 [ref. 35629]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion amblygenys Fowler 1938. Peristediidae. Distribution: East Indian Ocean and western North Pacific: Philippines, Taiwan, East China Sea, Java and Sumatra. Habitat: marine.

amiscus, Peristedion Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:593, Pl. 3 (figs. 1-2) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 2526] Off Manazuru Point, Sagami Bay, Ashigarashimo District, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, Albatross sta. 3698, depth 153 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 51428. Types: Shinohara & Williams 2006:556 [ref. 31656]. •Valid as Satyrichthys amiscus (Jordan & Starks 1904) -- (Yatou in Okamura et al. 1982:285, 399 [ref. 8256], Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:335 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:585, 726 [ref. 8056], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:612 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:317 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:612 [ref. 26001], Kawai et al. 2003:14 [ref. 27521], Shinohara et al. 2005:427 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Scalicus amiscus (Jordan & Starks 1904) -- (Kawai 2008:27 [ref. 29787], Shinohara et al. 2014:247 [ref. 33300]). •Synonym of Scalicus hians (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Kawai 2019:441 [ref. 36680]). Current status: Synonym of Scalicus hians (Gilbert & Cramer 1897). Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

antillarum, Peristedion Teague [G. W.] 1961:11, Pl. 2 [Anales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Montevideo (Serie 2) v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 9382] Barbados, West Indies. Holotype: MCZ 28088. Paratypes: MCZ 28089 (1); USNM 153584 [ex MCZ 28088] (1), 164123 (2). •Valid as Peristedion antillarum Teague 1961 -- (Miller 1967:39 [ref. 7978], Miller & Richards 2003:1281 [ref. 27050], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:73 [ref. 28815], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787], Fricke et al. 2017:101 [ref. 35629]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion antillarum Teague 1961. Peristediidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

barbiger, Peristedium Garman [S.] 1899:110 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Gulf of Panama, 7°26'10"N, 79°53'50"W, Albatross station 3390, depth 56 fathoms. Lectotype: MCZ 28078. Paralectotypes: MCZ 28707 (3), USNM 153601 [ex MCZ 28707] (1). Original genus should have been Peristedion. Lectotype selected by Tenda & Kawai 2012:139 [ref. 32374]. •Valid as Peristedion barbiger Garman 1899 -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:70 [ref. 23101], Richards & McCosker 1998:941 [ref. 23599], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:263 [ref. 24555], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787], Bussing 2010:1149 [ref. 31065], Tenda & Kawai 2012:135 [ref. 32374], Robertson et al. 2017:81 [ref. 35676]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion barbiger Garman 1899. Peristediidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Costa Rica to northern Peru. Habitat: marine.

bartschi, Peristedion Myers [G. S.] 1934:10, Fig. 2 [Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections v. 91 (no. 9); ref. 3107] Off Punta Boca, northern coast of Puerto Rico, 18°33'45"N, 66°15'00"W, depth 360-600 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 93186. •Synonym of Peristedion longispatha Goode & Bean 1886 -- (Miller 1967:37 [ref. 7978]). Current status: Synonym of Peristedion longispatha Goode & Bean 1886. Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

brevirostre, Peristethus Günther [A.] 1860:217 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Caribbean Sea. Syntypes: BMNH 1842.12.13.52 (2, skins), 1847.6.27.8 (1). •Valid as Peristedion brevirostre (Günther 1860) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:278 [ref. 23100], Miller & Richards 2003:1281 [ref. 27050], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:74 [ref. 28815], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion brevirostre (Günther 1860). Peristediidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

cataphracta, Trigla Linnaeus [C.] 1758:300 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Southern France, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: NRM 31. Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:233 [ref. 20707]. •Valid as Peristedion cataphractum (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:591 [ref. 7218], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:1239 [ref. 13677], Richards & Saksena 1990:685 [ref. 17757], Santos et al. 1997:127 [ref. 23531], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:75 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:34 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:78 [ref. 29533], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:40 [ref. 36649], Goren & Galil 2015:518 [ref. 33910], Richards & Miller 2016:2296 [ref. 34617], Martins & Carneiro 2018:119 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:556 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:236 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:96 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:105 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:39 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion cataphractum (Linnaeus 1758). Peristediidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; eastern Atlantic: English Channel south to Angola. Habitat: brackish, marine.

chabrontera, Peristedion Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:368, 373 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Apparently not an original description, on Bonnaterre or Osbeck. •Synonym of Peristedion cataphractum (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:591 [ref. 7218], Miller & Richards 1990:685 [ref. 17816]). Current status: Synonym of Peristedion cataphractum (Linnaeus 1758). Peristediidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

clavilapis, Satyrichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1938:123, Fig. 59 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Off Sombrero Island, Balayan Bay and Verde Island Passage, Philippines, 13°48'45"N, 120°41'51"E, Albatross station D.5118, depth 159 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 98868. Paratypes: USNM 98928-39 (2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 2, 2, 1, 1, 5). •Valid as Satyrichthys clavilapis Fowler 1938 -- (Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Kawai 2008:26 [ref. 29787], Kawai 2013:421 [ref. 32560], Pogoreutz et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32813], Kawai 2014:135 [ref. 33607]). Current status: Valid as Satyrichthys clavilapis Fowler 1938. Peristediidae. Distribution: Philippines and Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

crustosum, Peristedium Garman [S.] 1899:112, Pl. A (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Eastern Pacific off Panama, 7°33'40"N, 79°43'30"W, Albatross station 3391, depth 153 fathoms. Syntypes: UF [ex MCZ] (1?, not found); MCZ 28704-05 (1, 1), 28706 (now 106); UF [ex TABL, ex MCZ] (1, not found); USNM 153603 [ex MCZ 28704] (1). Original genus should have been Peristedion. •Valid as Peristedion crustosum Garman 1899 -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:70 [ref. 23101], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:302 [ref. 24023], Richards & McCosker 1998:940 [ref. 23599], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:260 [ref. 24555], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Bussing 2010:1149 [ref. 31065]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion crustosum Garman 1899. Peristediidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ecuadorensis, Peristedion Teague [G. W.] 1961:10, Pl. 1; Fig 2b [Anales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Montevideo (Serie 2) v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 9382] Off South Carolina, 32°36'00"N, 77°29'15"W, Albatross station 2624, depth 258 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 133598. Paratypes: USNM 164365 (4). The original locality of off Ecuador resulted from Teague using station data from Albatross hydrographic sta. 2624 rather than from dredging station 2624 (see G. Miller 1967:39 [ref. 7978]). The report by Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:260 [ref. 24555] from the eastern Pacific is in error: see Miller & Richards 2003:1281 [ref. 27050]. •Valid as Peristedion ecuadorense Teague 1961 -- (Uyeno & Sato in Uyeno et al. 1983:448 [ref. 14275], Miller & Richards 2003:1281 [ref. 27050], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:75 [ref. 28815], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787], Bussing 2010:1149 [ref. 31065], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:140 [ref. 37485]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion ecuadorense Teague 1961. Peristediidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Virginia (U.S.A.) south to Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

engyceros, Peristethus Günther [A.] 1872:663, Fig. [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: BMNH 2010.2.1.1 (skeleton, fragmented). •Valid as Satyrichthys engyceros (Günther 1872) -- (Yatou in Okamura et al. 1982:287, 400 [ref. 8256], Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:335 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:585, 726 [ref. 8056], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:612 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:317 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:612 [ref. 26001], Kawai et al. 2003:15 [ref. 27521], Mundy & Parrish 2004:412 [ref. 27877], Shinohara et al. 2005:427 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:334 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:182 [ref. 30952]). •Valid as Scalicus engyceros (Günther 1872) -- (Kawai 2008:27 [ref. 29787], Kawai 2019:439 [ref. 36680]). Current status: Valid as Scalicus engyceros (Günther 1872). Peristediidae. Distribution: Western and central North Pacific: Emperor Seamount Chain, East China Sea to Japan and Kyushu-Palau Ridge, Johnston Atoll, Hawaiian Ridge, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

fowleri, Peristedion de Beaufort [L. F.] in de Beaufort & Briggs 1962:122 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 11; ref. 242] Replacement name for Nemaperistedion orientale Fowler 1938, secondarily preoccupied by Peristedion orientale Temminck & Schlegel 1843. •Synonym of Satyrichthys orientale (Fowler 1938) -- (Miller 1974:70 [ref. 23142]). •Synonym of Scalicus orientalis (Fowler 1938) -- (inferred from Kawai 2008:27 [ref. 29787], Kawai 2019:443 [ref. 36680]). Current status: Synonym of Scalicus orientalis (Fowler 1938). Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

gilberti, Peristedion Jordan [D. S.] 1921:655, Fig. 8b [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 59 (no. 2392); ref. 2419] Off lava flow from Mauna Loa, Alika, Kau District, Hawaii Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 84102. Paratypes: FMNH 55189 (1), CAS-SU 8523 (6). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:124 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:64 [ref. 12367]. Based on Peristedion engyceros of Gilbert 1905:639 [ref. 1631]. •Synonym of Satyrichthys hians (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Mundy 2005:335 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Scalicus gilberti (Jordan 1921) -- (Kawai 2008:27 [ref. 29787]). •Synonym of Scalicus engyceros (Günther 1872) -- (Kawai 2019:439 [ref. 36680]). Current status: Synonym of Scalicus engyceros (Günther 1872). Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

gracile, Peristedion Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:473, Pl. 114 (fig. 387) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Gulf of Mexico, 28°38'30"N, 85°52'30"W, Albatross station 2401, depth 142 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 39319. •Valid as Peristedion gracile Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Uyeno & Sato in Uyeno et al. 1983:449 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:278 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:99 [ref. 23239], Miller & Richards 2003:1282 [ref. 27050], Moore et al. 2003:222 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:76 [ref. 28815], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion gracile Goode & Bean 1896. Peristediidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

greyae, Peristedion Miller [G. C.] 1967:27, Figs. 5-6 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 17 (no. 1); ref. 7978] West Atlantic, off southeastern U.S.A., 29°40'N, 80°11'W, depth 165 meters. Holotype: USNM 198124. Paratypes: (59) AMS IB.7246-47 (1, 1); ANSP 101601-02 (1, 1); BMNH 1964.8.31.1-2 (1, 1); CUMB 47245 (3); FMNH 66701-02 (1, 1); Indian Mus. Calcutta (1, 1); IRSNB I.G.23153 461-462 (1, 1); MCZ 43031-32 (1, 1); MNHN 1964-0286 to 0287 (1, 1); MNRJ 9746-47 (1, 1); RMNH 24871-72 (1, 1); CAS-SU 62138 (3); TABL (2, 5); TU 33302 (2); UF 19327-28 (2, 5), 214796 [ex UMML 14796] (3); UMMZ 181426 (3); USNM 198125-26 (5, 4), 202539 [ex UW] (3); UW 17776 (3); YPM 4493-94 (1, 1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:32 [ref. 20738], Suttkus 1970:128 [ref. 20861], Gilbert 1974:112 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:163 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:64 [ref. 12367], Walschaerts 1987:24 [ref. 20755], Bart & Taylor 1993:66 [ref. 20906]. •Valid as Peristedion greyae Miller 1967 -- (Miller & Richards 2003:1282 [ref. 27050], Moore et al. 2003:222 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:77 [ref. 28815], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion greyae Miller 1967. Peristediidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

halei, Peristethus Day [F.] (ex Haley) 1888:791 [The fishes of India Suppl.; ref. 1082] Galle, Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. The description is quoted from Haley and authorship probably should also involve Haley. Status uncertain, in Satyrichthys; see Miller 1974:65 [ref. 23142]. Check spelling. •Valid as Peristedion halyi (Day 1888) -- (Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122]). •Synonym of Satyrichthys laticeps (Schlegel 1848) -- (Kawai 2013:422 [ref. 32560] as halyi). Current status: Synonym of Satyrichthys laticeps (Schlegel 1852). Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

hians, Peristedion Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] 1897:419, Pl. 41 (figs. 1-2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1114); ref. 1635] Hawaiian Islands, 21°12'00"N, 157°49'00"W, Albatross station 3472, depth 295-343 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 47730. Paralectotypes: (11) MCZ 35964 [ex USNM 47730] (1), CAS-SU 4921 (4), USNM 203099 [ex 47730] (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:124 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype selected by Miller but apparently not published. See Miller 1974:70 [ref. 23142]. Lectotype selected by Kawai 2019:443 [ref. 36680]. •Valid as Satyrichthys hians (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Yatou in Okamura et al. 1982:285, 399 [ref. 8256], Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:335 [ref. 6441], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:612 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:317 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:612 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:427 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:335 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:181 [ref. 30952]). •Valid as Scalicus hians (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Kawai 2008:27 [ref. 29787], Kawai 2019:441 [ref. 36680], Fricke 2020:5 [ref. 37565]). Current status: Valid as Scalicus hians (Gilbert & Cramer 1897). Peristediidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa and East Africa east to Hawaiian Islands, north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

imberbe, Pterystedion Poey [F.] 1861:367, 387 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 13566. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:207 [ref. 22926]. Original genus should have been Peristedion; original genus misspelled. •Valid as Peristedion imberbe Poey 1861 -- (Miller & Richards 2003:1283 [ref. 27050], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:78 [ref. 28815]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion imberbe Poey 1861. Peristediidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

indicum, Peristedium Brauer [A.] 1906:299 [Die Tiefsee-Fische v. 15; ref. 632] East coast of Africa, 0°27'04"S, 42°47'03"E, Somali, depth 638 meters. Syntypes: (5, 3 lost) ZMB 17691 (2). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:278 [ref. 19946]. •Synonym of Paraheminodus murrayi (Günther 1880) -- (Kawai 2011:67 [ref. 31142]). Current status: Synonym of Paraheminodus murrayi (Günther 1880). Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

investigatoris, Peristethus Alcock [A. W.] 1898:152 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 2 (no. 8) (art. 22); ref. 92] Andaman Sea [eastern Indian Ocean], Investigator, depth 188-220 fm, and depth 405 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1897.7.13.2 [ex ZSI F13039] (1); ZSI F13037-38 (2) depth 188-220 fathoms. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:156 [ref. 20743], Menon and Rama-Rao 1970:377 [ref. 27516] with wrong original genus, Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:43 [ref. 22148]. See Miller 1974:70 [ref. 23142]. Figured in Alcock 1899: Pl. 25 (figs. 1, 1a) [ref. 20535]. •Valid as Peristedion investigatoris (Alcock 1898) -- (Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797] as Persitedion, Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Satyrichthys investigatoris (Alcock 1898) -- (Heemstra 1982:292 [ref. 5416], Heemstra 1986:489 [ref. 5660], Adam et al. 1998:11 [ref. 23610], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847] as cf. investigatoris, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:152 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2009:42 [ref. 30213]). •Valid as Scalicus investigatoris (Alcock 1898) -- (Kawai 2008:27 [ref. 29787], Kawai et al. 2017:27 [ref. 37786], Psomadakis et al. 2020:371 [ref. 37272]). •Synonym of Scalicus hians (Gilbert & Cramer 1897) -- (Kawai 2019:441 [ref. 36680], Fricke 2020:5 [ref. 37565]). Current status: Synonym of Scalicus hians (Gilbert & Cramer 1897). Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

isokawae, Satyrichthys Yatou [T.] & Okamura [O.] in Okamura et al. 1985:587, Pl. 365 [Fishes of the Okinawa Trough and the adjacent waters; ref. 8056] Okinawa Trough, 25°44.5'N, 124°03.5'E, depth 220 meters. Holotype (unique): BSKU 29614. •Valid as Satyrichthys isokawae Yatou & Okamura 1985 -- (Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:613 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:317 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:613 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:427 [ref. 28370], Kawai 2008:26 [ref. 29787], Ho et al. 2009:32 [ref. 21217]). •Synonym of Satyrichthys moluccense (Bleeker 1851) -- (del Cerro & Lloris 1997:96 [ref. 22944], Kawai 2013:432 [ref. 32560]). Current status: Synonym of Satyrichthys moluccense (Bleeker 1850). Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Heminodus Kamohara [T.] 1952:(3) 13, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 12777] Mimase fish market, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): BSKU 948. Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:7 [ref. 19282]. •Valid as Heminodus japonicus Kamohara 1952 -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:335 [ref. 6441], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:611 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:317 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:611 [ref. 26001]). •Synonym of Heminodus philippinus Smith 1917 -- (Kawai 2008:22 [ref. 29787]). Current status: Synonym of Heminodus philippinus Smith 1917. Peristediidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kamoharai, Paraheminodus Kawai [T.], Imamura [H.] & Nakaya [K.] 2004:126, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Research v. 51 (no. 2); ref. 28009] 8°11.8'N, 117°58.0'E, Sulu Sea, Philippines, depth 285 meters. Holotype: BSKU 15243. Paratypes: BSUK 15242 (1), 15244 (1). •Valid as Paraheminodus kamoharai Kawai, Imamura & Nakaya 2004 -- (Kawai 2008:22 [ref. 29787], Kawai et al. 2008:377 [ref. 29893], Kawai 2011:70 [ref. 31142]). Current status: Valid as Paraheminodus kamoharai Kawai, Imamura & Nakaya 2004. Peristediidae. Distribution: Sulu Sea, Philippines. Habitat: marine.

kikingeri, Satyrichthys Pogoreutz [C.], Vitecek [S.] & Ahnelt [H.] 2013:153, Fig. 2 [Zootaxa 3694 (no. 2); ref. 32813] Rasdhoo Atoll, Madivaru Channel, 4°15'52"N, 73°00'01.6"E, Maldives Archipelago (floating at surface). Holotype (unique): NMW 96546. •Valid as Satyrichthys kikingeri Pogoreutz, Vitecek & Ahnelt 2013. •Synonym of Satyrichthys laticeps (Schlegel 1852) -- (Kawai 2014:135 [ref. 33607]). Current status: Synonym of Satyrichthys laticeps (Schlegel 1852). Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

kochiensis, Paraheminodus Kamohara [T.] 1957:78, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 6 (nos 4-6); ref. 12076] Mimase fish market, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: BSKU 7265. Paratypes: (5) BSKU 1566 (1), 1611 (1), 4598 (1), 7398 (1). Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:7 [ref. 19282]. •Synonym of Paraheminodus murrayi (Günther 1880) -- (Kawai et al. 2004:74 [ref. 27599], Kawai et al. 2004:126 [ref. 28009], Kawai 2011:70 [ref. 31142]). Current status: Synonym of Paraheminodus murrayi (Günther 1880). Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

laticephalus, Satyrichthys Kamohara [T.] 1952:2, Fig. 3 [Research Reports of Kôchi University v. 1 (no. 6); ref. 12779] Off Mimase, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): BSKU 1612. Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:7 [ref. 19282]. See Miller 1974:70 [ref. 23142]. •Valid as Satyrichthys laticephalus Kamohara 1952 -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:335 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:611 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:317 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:611 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Paraheminodus laticephalus (Kamohara 1952) -- (Kawai et al. 2004:74 [ref. 27599], Kawai et al. 2004:126 [ref. 28009], Kawai 2008:22 [ref. 29787], Kawai et al. 2008:377 [ref. 29893], Kawai 2011:70 [ref. 31142]). Current status: Valid as Paraheminodus laticephalus (Kamohara 1952). Peristediidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

laticeps, Peristedion Schlegel [H.] 1852:43, Pl. 1 [Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde v. 1; ref. 18697] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH PISC.523. •Valid as Satyrichthys laticeps (Schlegel 1852) -- (Kawai 2013:419 [ref. 32560], Pogoreutz et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32813], Kawai 2014:135 [ref. 33607], Kawai et al. 2017:28 [ref. 37786], Motomura et al. 2017:71 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:139 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:106 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:371 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Satyrichthys laticeps (Schlegel 1852). Peristediidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

lingi, Peristedion (Panichthys) picturatum Whitley [G. P.] 1933:97 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 4677] Off South Head of Sydney harbor, New South Wales, Australia, depth 85-90 fathoms. Holotype: AMS IA.5690. Paratypes: AMS IA.5810 (1). •Valid as Satyrichthys lingi (Whitley 1933) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:457 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:505 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:930 [ref. 29074], Kawai 2008:26 [ref. 29787], Gomon & Last 2008:515 [ref. 30651] with range restricted to eastern Australia, Kawai 2013:419, 435 [ref. 32560]). Current status: Valid as Satyrichthys lingi (Whitley 1933). Peristediidae. Distribution: Japan, South China Sea, Philippines and Australia. Habitat: marine.

liorhynchus, Peristethus Günther [A.] 1872:663, Pl. 62 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1871.7.20.53. •Valid as Peristedion liorhynchus (Günther 1872) -- (Yatou in Okamura et al. 1982:283, 399 [ref. 8256], Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:335 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:583, 725 [ref. 8056], Allen & Swainston 1988:52 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:456 [ref. 12442], Allen 1997:80 [ref. 23977], Richards 1999:2370 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:610 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:317 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:610 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495] as Günther 1871, Shinohara et al. 2005:427 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:926 [ref. 29074], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787], Shao et al. 2008:247 [ref. 29952], Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242], Ho et al. 2013:44 [ref. 33263], Ono & Kawai 2014:117 [ref. 35455], Kawai 2016:343 [ref. 34782], Fricke et al. 2017:100 [ref. 35629], Psomadakis et al. 2020:370 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:49 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion liorhynchus (Günther 1872). Peristediidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar east to Philippines, north to southern Sea of Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

longiceps, Peristedion Fowler [H. W.] 1943:74, Fig. 16 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 14 (pt 2); ref. 1441] Off Tayabas Light, Marinduque Island and vicinity, Philippines, 13°46'45"N, 121°35'08"E, Albatross station 5374, depth 190 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 99516. •Valid as Satyrichthys longiceps (Fowler 1943) -- (Kawai 2008:26 [ref. 29787], Kawai 2013:419, 429 [ref. 32560], Pogoreutz et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32813], Kawai 2014:135 [ref. 33607]). Current status: Valid as Satyrichthys longiceps (Fowler 1943). Peristediidae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

longicornutum, Peristedion Fricke [R.], Kawai [T.], Yato [T.] & Motomura [H.] 2017:92, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 28; ref. 35629] Western Pacific Ocean, Papua New Guinea, New Ireland Province, north of New Hanover, 2°15.61'S, 150°16.63'E - 2°14.519'S, 150°13.84'E, depth 450-474 meters. Holotype: NTUM 12297. Paratypes: ASIZP, HUMZ, KAUM, MNHN, NTUM. •Valid as Peristedion longicornutum Fricke, Kawai, Yato & Motomura 2017 -- (Fricke et al. 2019:106 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion longicornutum Fricke, Kawai, Yato & Motomura 2017. Peristediidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific Ocean: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

longirostralis, Paraheminodus Kawai [T.], Nakaya [K.] & Séret [B.] 2008:375, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Research v. 55; ref. 29893] New Caledonia, 21°05.91'S, 167°12.63'E, depth 412-467 meters. Holotype: HUMZ 185306. Paratypes: HUMZ 185307 (1), 185308 (1), 105310 (1); NSMT-P 79585 (1). •Valid as Paraheminodus longirostralis Kawai, Nakaya & Séret 2008 -- (Kawai 2011:70 [ref. 31142], Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Paraheminodus longirostralis Kawai, Nakaya & Séret 2008. Peristediidae. Distribution: Western South Pacific: Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

longispatha, Peristedium Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1886:166 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 12 (no. 5); ref. 1844] Off Frederickstadt, Santa Cruz Island, West Indies, Blake station 129, depth 314 fathoms. Holotype: MCZ 28009. Paratypes: MCZ 28022 (1), 28089 (1); ?CAS-SU 9511 [ex USNM 44232] (1); USNM 44232 (8), 44673 (1), 46031 (1), 47648 (1), 153584 [ex MCZ 28088] (1). See Miller, G. 1967:36 [ref. 7978] for problems regarding locality information and types. Original genus should have been Peristedion. •Valid as Peristedion longispatha Goode & Bean 1886 -- (Miller 1967:36 [ref. 7978], Miller & Richards 2003:1283 [ref. 27050], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:79 [ref. 28815], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion longispatha Goode & Bean 1886. Peristediidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

macronema, Peristedion Cadenat [J.] 1951:247 [Initiations Africaines. III. Poissons de mer du Sénégal; ref. 12676] Gorée, Senegal. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1950-0074. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:32 [ref. 20738]. Description minimal, regarded as available. •Synonym of Peristedion cataphractum (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Miller & Richards 1990:685 [ref. 17816], Richards & Miller 2016:2297 [ref. 34617]). Current status: Synonym of Peristedion cataphractum (Linnaeus 1758). Peristediidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

magnus, Satyrichthys Yatou [T.] in Okamura et al. 1985:591, Pl. 366 [Fishes of the Okinawa Trough and the adjacent waters; ref. 8056] Okinawa Trough, 26°32.1'N, 125°03.8'E, depth 207-215 meters. Holotype: BSKU 26638. Paratypes: BSKU 26637 (1). •Valid as Satyrichthys magnus Yatou 1985 -- (Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:613 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:613 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:427 [ref. 28370], Kawai 2008:26 [ref. 29787]). •Synonym of Satyrichthys laticeps (Schlegel 1852) -- (Kawai 2013:422 [ref. 32560], Kawai 2014:136 [ref. 33607]). Current status: Synonym of Satyrichthys laticeps (Schlegel 1852). Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

malarmat, Peristedion Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:368, 369 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Mediterranean Sea; Molucca Islands, Indonesia. No types known. •Synonym of Peristedion cataphractum (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:591 [ref. 7218], Miller & Richards 1990:685 [ref. 17816], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787]). Current status: Synonym of Peristedion cataphractum (Linnaeus 1758). Peristediidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mcgintyi, Peristedion Fowler [H. W.] 1952:8, Figs. 5-6 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 246; ref. 12771] South of Sombrero Key Light, Florida, U.S.A., depth 80 fathoms. Holotype: ANSP 71958. Paratypes: ANSP 71959-61 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:163 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Peristedion miniatum Goode 1880 -- (Miller 1967:16 [ref. 7978]). Current status: Synonym of Peristedion miniatum Goode 1880. Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

micronemus, Peristedion Poey [F.] 1870:321 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 9 (art. 23); ref. 18563] Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 13566. •Unneeded new name for, and synonym of Peristedion imberbe Poey 1861. Current status: Synonym of Peristedion imberbe Poey 1861. Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

milleri, Satyrichthys Kawai [T.] 2013:429, Fig. 7-9 [Zootaxa 3635 (no. 4); ref. 32560] Off Java, 8°18.8'S, 110°13.3'E to 8°18.2'S, 110°11.3'E. depth 530-582 meters. Holotype: HUMZ 193886. Paratypes: Many at HUMZ, MNHN, PMBC, USNM. •Valid as Satyrichthys milleri Kawai 2013 -- (Pogoreutz et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32813], Kawai 2014:135 [ref. 33607], Kawai et al. 2017:28 [ref. 37786], Psomadakis et al. 2020:371 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Satyrichthys milleri Kawai 2013. Peristediidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar and Andaman Sea east to Philippines and Fiji, north to Taiwan, south to Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

miniatum, Peristedium Goode [G. B.] 1880:349 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 165); ref. 1834] Off northeastern U.S.A., 40°02'18"N, 70°23'06"W, depth 192 fathoms, Fish Hawk station 869, depth 192 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 26023. Paratypes: (3). Unlike other descriptions in this work, for this species a "type" was identified. Original genus should have been Peristedion. •Valid as Peristedion miniatum Goode 1880 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:278 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:488 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:190 [ref. 14674], Cervigón 1991:307 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:99 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:378 [ref. 23827], Klein-MacPhee & McBride in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:339 [ref. 26158], Miller & Richards 2003:1283 [ref. 27050], Moore et al. 2003:222 [ref. 27076], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:74 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:80 [ref. 28815], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion miniatum Goode 1880. Peristediidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

moluccense, Peristedion Bleeker [P.] 1850:24 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 16886] Ambon, Indonesia. Neotype: RMNH.PISC.2157. Neotype designated by Kawai 2013:432 [ref. 32560]; see van Oijen et al 2013:207 [ref. 32725]. •Valid as Peristedion moluccense Bleeker 1850 -- (Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242]). •Valid as Satyrichthys moluccense (Bleeker 1850) -- (Miller 1974:65 [ref. 23142], Paxton et al. 1989:457 [ref. 12442], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:96 [ref. 22944], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:930 [ref. 29074], Kawai 2008:26 [ref. 29787], Kawai 2012:419, 432 [ref. 32560], Pogoreutz et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32813], Larson et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32988], Kawai 2014:135 [ref. 33607], Fricke et al. 2019:106 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Satyrichthys moluccense (Bleeker 1850). Peristediidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

murrayi, Peristethus Günther [A.] 1880:52, Pl. 32 (fig. A) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Banda Sea [Indonesia], Challenger, depth 200 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1879.5.14.265. •Valid as Satyrichthys murrayi (Günther 1880) -- (Miller 1974:70 [ref. 23142], Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:335 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:611 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:318 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:611 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Paraheminodus murrayi (Günther 1880) -- (del Cerro & Lloris 1997:95 [ref. 22944], Richards 1999:2369 [ref. 24797], Kawai et al. 2004:74 [ref. 27599], Kawai et al. 2004:126 [ref. 28009], Kawai 2008:22 [ref. 29787], Kawai et al. 2008:377 [ref. 29893], Fricke et al. 2009:41 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Paraheminodus murrayi (Günther 1880). Peristediidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa and Réunion (western Mascarenes), Banda Sea north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

nesium, Peristedion Bussing [W. A.] 2010:1149, Figs. 1-4 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 58 (no. 4); ref. 31065] 2.4 kilometers north of Isla Iglesias, 5°34'38"N, 87°03'55"W, Isla del Coco, Costa Rica. Holotype: LACM 32265.003. Paratypes: CAS 228407 (6); LACM 32269.007 and 32269.008 (41), 32281.001 (1); UCR 720.007 (18), 2272.004 (2), 2273.001 (1). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:380 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Peristedion nesium Bussing 2010 -- (Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36248]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion nesium Bussing 2010. Peristediidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Cocos Island (Costa Rica). Habitat: marine.

nierstraszi, Peristedion Weber [M.] 1913:514, Pl. 5 (figs. 1, 1a-b) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Flores Sea, 7°35.4'S, 117°28.6'E, Siboga station 38, depth 521 meters. Lectotype: ZMA 112441. Paralectotypes: ZMA 112441-42 (2, 1). Kawai 2016:342 [ref. 34782] identified 112442 as Peristedion richardsi. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:82 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype designated by Kawai 2016:341 [ref. 34782]. •Valid as Peristedion nierstraszi Weber 1913 -- (Miller 1974:69 [ref. 23142], Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:335 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:110 [ref. 15964], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:610 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:317 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:610 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:427 [ref. 28370], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787], Ho et al. 2013:47 [ref. 33263], Ono & Kawai 2014:117 [ref. 35455]). •Synonym of Peristedion riversandersoni Alcock 1894 -- (Kawai 2016:342 [ref. 34782]). Current status: Synonym of Peristedion riversandersoni Alcock 1894. Peristediidae. Distribution: East Indian Ocean and western North Pacific: Flores Sea, Java, Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Philippines [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

olosteon, Octonus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:29, 54 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Peristedion cataphractum (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:591 [ref. 7218], Miller & Richards 1990:685 [ref. 17816], Kawai 2008:25 [ref. 29787], Parenti 2019:103 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Peristedion cataphractum (Linnaeus 1758). Peristediidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

orientale, Nemaperistedion Fowler [H. W.] 1938:127, Fig. 61 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Off Makyan Island, between Gillolo and Makyan Islands, Indonesia, 0°16'30"N, 127°30'00"E, Albatross station D.5623, depth 272 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 98876. Paratypes: USNM 98916-22 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:41 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Nemaperistedion orientale Fowler 1938 -- (Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:595, 727 [ref. 8056]). •Valid as Satyrichthys orientale (Fowler 1938) -- (Miller 1974:70 [ref. 23142], Paxton et al. 1989:457 [ref. 12442] but with original genus as Nemiperistedion, del Cerro & Lloris 1997:96 [ref. 22944], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:930 [ref. 29074]). •Valid as Scalicus orientalis (Fowler 1938) -- (Kawai 2008:27 [ref. 29787], Ho & Shao 2011:41 [ref. 31432] as orientale, Kawai 2019:443 [ref. 36680], Fricke 2020:2 [ref. 37565], Psomadakis et al. 2020:372 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Scalicus orientalis (Fowler 1938). Peristediidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Socotra and La Réunion (Mascarenes) east to Philippines and eastern Indonesia, north to southern Japan, south to northern Western Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

orientale, Peristedion Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:37, Pl. 14 (figs. 5-6), 14A [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] Japan. Holotype: RMNH 660 (stuffed). Type catalog: Boeseman 1947:47 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Satyrichthys orientale (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242]). •Valid as Peristedion orientale Temminck & Schlegel 1843 -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:335 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:583, 725 [ref. 8056], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:108 [ref. 15964], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:610 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:317 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:610 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:254, 568 [ref. 26218], Kawai et al. 2003:14 [ref. 27521], Shinohara et al. 2005:427 [ref. 28370], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787], Shinohara et al. 2011:43 [ref. 31715], Ho et al. 2013:49 [ref. 33263], Shinohara et al. 2014:247 [ref. 33300], Ono & Kawai 2014:117 [ref. 35455], Motomura et al. 2015:18 [ref. 34709], Kawai 2016:343 [ref. 34782], Fricke et al. 2017:100 [ref. 35629]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion orientale Temminck & Schlegel 1843. Peristediidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: China, Korea, Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

paucibarbatus, Scalicus Kawai [T.] 2019:444, Figs. 1d, 2d, 3b, 11 [Ichthyological Research v. 66 (no. 4); ref. 36680] Kyushu-Palau Ridge, 26°05'N, 135°50'E, depth 381 meters. Holotype: BSKU 30455. Paratypes: BSKU, FAKU, HUMZ, MNHN, MUFS, NMMB. •Valid as Scalicus paucibarbatus Kawai 2019. Current status: Valid as Scalicus paucibarbatus Kawai 2019. Peristediidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar, Sumatra, Taiwan and Kyushu-Palau Ridge. Habitat: marine.

paucibarbiger, Peristedion Castro-Aguirre [J. L.] & García-Domínguez [F.] 1984:30, Figs. 1-1c, 2-4 [Anales de la Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, México v. 28; ref. 23523] La Paz Bay, Baja California Sur, Mexico, depth 60 meters. Holotype (unique): ENCB-IPN 5189. Type catalog: Guzmán 2011:172 [ref. 32186]. •Valid as Peristedion paucibarbiger Castro-Aguirre & García-Domínguez 1984 -- (Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787], Bussing 2010:1149 [ref. 31065], Guzmán 2011:172 [ref. 32186], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion paucibarbiger Castro-Aguirre & García-Domínguez 1984. Peristediidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

philippinus, Heminodus Smith [H. M.] 1917:146 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 30; ref. 4045] Mindanao Sea off Tawi-tawi, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 78250. Paratypes: USNM 98914-15 (1, 1). •Valid as Heminodus philippinus Smith 1917 -- (Richards 1999:2367 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Kawai 2008:22 [ref. 29787], Rajeeshkumar et al. 2018:[2] [ref. 36141]). Current status: Valid as Heminodus philippinus Smith 1917. Peristediidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, Western Pacific: Nicobar Islands; Philippines. Habitat: marine.

picturatum, Peristedion McCulloch [A. R.] 1926:212, Pl. 56 (figs. 1-3) [Biological Results Endeavour v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2947] East of Flinders Island, Bass Strait, Australia, depth 70-100 fathoms. Holotype (unique): AMS E.4628. •Synonym of Peristedion liorhynchus (Günther 1872) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:456 [ref. 12442], Kawai & Yabe 2006:2 [ref. 28600]). •Valid as Peristedion picturatum McCulloch 1926 -- (Miller 1974:69 [ref. 23142], del Cerro & Lloris 1997:95 [ref. 22944], Paxton et al. 2006:927 [ref. 29074], Ono & Kawai 2014:117 [ref. 35455]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion picturatum McCulloch 1926. Peristediidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

piercei, Satyrichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1938:125, Fig. 60 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] China Sea, 21°39'00"N, 117°07'00"E, Albatross station D.5316, depth 159 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 98877. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:41 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Satyrichthys adeni (Lloyd 1907) -- (Miller 1974:61 [ref. 23142], Ho & Shao 2011:41 [ref. 31432]). •Valid as Satyrichthys piercei Fowler 1938 -- (Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122]). •Not treated by Kawai 2008:27 [ref. 29787]. •Synonym of Satyrichthys laticeps (Schlegel 1852) -- (Kawai 2013:422 [ref. 32560], Kawai 2014:136 [ref. 33607]). Current status: Synonym of Satyrichthys laticeps (Schlegel 1852). Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

platycephalum, Peristedium Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1886:167 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 12 (no. 5); ref. 1844] Off Barbados, West Indies, depth 123 fathoms. Holotype: MCZ 28028. Paratypes: (2?) USNM 47647 (1, lost). •Synonym of Peristedion brevirostre (Günther 1860) -- (Miller & Richards 2003:1281 [ref. 27050]). Current status: Synonym of Peristedion brevirostre (Günther 1860). Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

pothumaluva, Peristedion Deraniyagala [P. E. P.] 1936:221, Figs. 2-3 [The Ceylon Journal of Science, Section B. Zoology and Geology v. 19 (pt 3); ref. 13692] Moratuwa, west coast of Sri Lanka, depth 92 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1936.4.23.2. •Synonym of Satyrichthys adeni (Lloyd 1907) -- (Miller 1974:61 [ref. 23142]). •Not treated by Kawai 2008:27 [ref. 29787]. •Synonymy of Satyrichthys laticeps (Schlegel 1852) -- (Kawai 2013:423 [ref. 32560], Kawai 2014:136 [ref. 33607]). Current status: Synonym of Satyrichthys laticeps (Schlegel 1852). Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

prionocephalum, Peristethidion Duméril [A. H. A.] 1869:115, Pl. 23 (figs. 1-2) [Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 4; ref. 14095] Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5107. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:33 [ref. 20738]. Genus spelled Peristelhidion on Pl. 23. •Valid as Gargariscus prionocephalus (Duméril 1869) -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:334 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:454 [ref. 12442], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:580 [ref. 27969], Richards 1999:2366 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:611 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:317 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:611 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:427 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:923 [ref. 29074], Kawai 2008:22 [ref. 29787], Larson et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Gargariscus prionocephalus (Duméril 1869). Peristediidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

quadratorostratus, Peristedion Fourmanoir [P.] & Rivaton [J.] 1979:423, Fig. 15 [Cahiers de l'Indo-Pacifique v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 8833] Southwest of Isle of Pines, near New Caledonia, southwestern Pacific, 17°30'S, 167°30'E, depth 360 meters. Lectotype: MNHN 1978-0478. Paralectotype: MNHN 1982-0001 (1). Lectotype selected by Kawai 2019:449 [ref. 36680]. •Valid as Satyrichthys quadratorostratus (Fourmanoir & Rivaton 1979) -- (del Cerro & Lloris 1997:97 [ref. 22944], Richards 1999:2363 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242]). •Valid as Scalicus quadratorostratus (Fourmanoir & Rivaton 1979) -- (Kawai 2008:27 [ref. 29787], Kawai 2019:449 [ref. 36680]). Current status: Valid as Scalicus quadratorostratus (Fourmanoir & Rivaton 1979). Peristediidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar, New Caledonia, Taiwan and Japan. Habitat: marine.

richardsi, Peristedion Kawai [T.] 2016:336, Figs. 1-2, 3C, 4A [Zootaxa 4171 (no. 2); ref. 34782] Java, Indonesia (8°37.7'S, 111°21.5'E to 8°37.8'N, 111°19.8'E), depth 595-600 meters. Holotype: HUMZ 194417. Paratypes: HUMZ. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Peristedion richardsi Kawai 2016 -- (Fricke et al. 2017:101 [ref. 35629]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion richardsi Kawai 2016. Peristediidae. Distribution: Java, Indonesia and Flores Sea. Habitat: marine.

rieffeli, Peristethus Kaup [J. J.] 1859:106, Pl. 8 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1859 (pt 1) (art. 7); ref. 2587] China. No types known. •Valid as Satyrichthys rieffeli (Kaup 1859) -- (Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:335 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:595, 727 [ref. 8056], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:111 [ref. 15964], Allen & Swainston 1988:52 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:457 [ref. 12442], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:581 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:80 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:171 [ref. 26476], Richards 1999:2381 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:613 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:318 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:613 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:254, 568 [ref. 26218], Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495], Shinohara et al. 2005:427 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:930 [ref. 29074], Kawai 2008:26 [ref. 29787], Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242], Kawai 2013:419, 434 [ref. 32560], Pogoreutz et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32813], Larson et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:56 [ref. 33932], Shinohara et al. 2014:247 [ref. 33300], Kawai 2014:135 [ref. 33607], Sonoyama et al. 2020:49 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Satyrichthys rieffeli (Kaup 1859). Peristediidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern Sea of Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

riversandersoni, Peristethium Alcock [A. W.] 1894:121 [7], Pl. 6 (figs. 2, 2a, 2b) [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 63 (pt 2); ref. 90] 13.5 miles north 64° west of Colombo Light, Sri Lanka, Investigator station 151, depth 142-400 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F13469. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:156 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:43 [ref. 22148]. On p. 7 of separate. Originally as Rivers-Andersoni. Original genus should have been Peristedion. •Valid as Peristedion riversandersoni Alcock 1894 -- (Miller 1974:69 [ref. 23142], Richards 1999:2362 [ref. 24797], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787], Kawai 2016:342 [ref. 34782], Fricke et al. 2017:101 [ref. 35629], Kawai et al. 2017:30 [ref. 37786]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion riversandersoni Alcock 1894. Peristediidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Sri Lanka east to Indonesia, north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

roseum, Peristedion Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1903:180 [37] [Boletim Sociedade Nacional Agricultura, Rio de Janeiro [Lavoura] 1903 (nos 4-7); ref. 3709] East-southeast of Ilha Rasa, off coast of Brazil, depth 100 meters. Lectotype: MNRJ 1691A. Paralectotypes: (9) MNRJ 1449 (5), 1691 (1). Type catalog: Miranda Ribeiro 1955:403 [ref. 12732], Miranda Ribeiro 1961:8 [ref. 22040]. On p. 37 of separate. Lectotype selected by Miranda Ribeiro 1953:403 [ref. 12732] [but perhaps specimen not isolated]. •Synonym of Peristedion altipinne Regan 1903. Current status: Synonym of Peristedion altipinne Regan 1903. Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

rugosum, Acanthostedion Fowler [H. W.] 1943:76, Fig. 17 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 14 (pt 2); ref. 1441] Off Malabrigo Light, east coast of Mindoro, Philippines, 13°27'20"N, 121°17'45"E, Albatross station D.5121, depth 108 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 99501. Paratypes: USNM 99502 (7). •Valid as Satyrichthys rugosus (Fowler 1943) -- (Kawai 2008:26 [ref. 29787]). •Synonym of Satyrichthys clavilapis Fowler 1938 -- (Kawai & Takata 2009:95 [ref. 30369], Kawai 2013:422 [ref. 32560]). Current status: Synonym of Satyrichthys clavilapis Fowler 1938. Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

schmitti, Peristedion Teague [G. W.] 1961:16, Pl. 3; Fig. 2a [Anales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Montevideo (Serie 2) v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 9382] Tortugas Islands, Florida, Gulf of Mexico, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 117055. Paratypes: (4) USNM 177726 (7). •Synonym of Peristedion thompsoni Fowler 1952 -- (Miller 1967:17 [ref. 7978], Miller & Richards 2003:1284 [ref. 27050]). Current status: Synonym of Peristedion thompsoni Fowler 1952. Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

semidentatus, Gargariscus Smith [H. M.] 1917:145 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 30; ref. 4045] Mindanao Sea, off Tawi-Tawi, Philippines, depth 169 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 78249. Paratypes: USNM 98906-13 (2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0), 98978 (1), 135937 (1). •Synonym of Gargariscus prionocephalus (Duméril 1869) -- (Richards 1999:2366 [ref. 24797], Paxton et al. 2006:923 [ref. 29074], Kawai 2008:22 [ref. 29787]). Current status: Synonym of Gargariscus prionocephalus (Duméril 1869). Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

serrulatum, Peristethus Alcock [A. W.] 1898:153 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 2 (no. 8) (art. 22); ref. 92] Andaman Sea, 13°17'15"N, 93°10'25"E, Investigator station 233, depth 185 fathoms. Lectotype: ZSI F296/1. Paralectotype: ZSI F297/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:156 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:43 [ref. 22148]. Figured in Alcock 1899: Pl. 25 (figs. 2, 2a) [ref. 20535]. Lectotype selected by Kawai 2019:454 [ref. 36680]. •Valid as Satyrichthys serrulatus (Alcock 1898) -- (Yatou in Okamura et al. 1982:285, 400 [ref. 8256], Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:335 [ref. 6441], Richards 1999:2363 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:612 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:318 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:612 [ref. 26001]). •Valid as Scalicus serrulatus (Alcock 1898) -- (Kawai 2008:27 [ref. 29787], Kawai 2011:67 [ref. 31142], Kawai 2019:452 [ref. 36680], Psomadakis et al. 2020:372 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Scalicus serrulatus (Alcock 1898). Peristediidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Saya de Malha Bank, Andaman Sea, Indonesia, Kyushu-Palau Ridge, Japan and Emperor Seamount Chain. Habitat: marine.

spiniger, Peristedion Longley [W. H.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1940:253, Fig. 15 [Papers Tortugas Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington v. 32; ref. 2822] Locality unknown, depth 295-325 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 108866. Paratypes: (19) USNM 108874 (2), ?117062 (11). •Synonym of Peristedion truncatum (Günther 1880) -- (Miller 1967:39 [ref. 7978], Miller & Richards 2003:1284 [ref. 27050]). Current status: Synonym of Peristedion truncatum (Günther 1880). Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

taeniopterum, Peristedion Fowler [H. W.] 1952:5, Figs. 1-2 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 246; ref. 12771] Southeast of Sombrero Key Light, Florida, U.S.A., depth 70 fathoms. Holotype: ANSP 71952. Paratypes: ANSP 71953-54 (2), 71955 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:164 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Peristedion gracile Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Miller 1967:17 [ref. 7978]). Current status: Synonym of Peristedion gracile Goode & Bean 1896. Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

thompsoni, Peristedion Fowler [H. W.] 1952:7, Figs. 3-4 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 246; ref. 12771] South of Sombrero Key Light, Florida, U.S.A., depth 80 fathoms. Holotype: ANSP 71956. Paratypes: ANSP 71957 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:164 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Peristedion thompsoni Fowler 1952 -- (Miller 1967:17 [ref. 7978], Miller & Richards 2003:1284 [ref. 27050], Moore et al. 2003:222 [ref. 27076], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:74 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:81 [ref. 28815], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787], Page et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32708], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:141 [ref. 37485]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion thompsoni Fowler 1952. Peristediidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) south to Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

truncatum, Peristethus Günther [A.] 1880:7, Pl. 2 (fig. A) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Off Pernambuco, Brazil, Challenger station 122, depth 30 or 350 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1879.5.14.266. •Valid as Peristedion truncatum (Günther 1880) -- (Miller 1967:39 [ref. 7978], Uyeno & Sato in Uyeno et al. 1983:447 [ref. 14275], Miller & Richards 2003:1284 [ref. 27050], Moore et al. 2003:222 [ref. 27076], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:74 [ref. 27192], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:82 [ref. 28815], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion truncatum (Günther 1880). Peristediidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

truncatus, Aspidophorus Daudin [F. M.] 1804:230 [Dictionnaire des sciences Naturelles [Série 1] v. 3; ref. 21243] Near Sumatra, Indonesia. •Status uncertain, family Peristediidae -- (Sheiko 1993:87 [ref. 21227]). Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

undulatum, Peristedion Weber [M.] 1913:513, Pls. 2 (fig. 5-5a), 9 (fig. 4) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Arafura Sea, 5°48.2'S, 132°13'E, Siboga station 253, depth 304 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMA 112440. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:82 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Gargariscus prionocephalus (Duméril 1869) -- (Richards 1999:2366 [ref. 24797]). Current status: Synonym of Gargariscus prionocephalus (Duméril 1869). Peristediidae. Habitat: marine.

unicuspis, Peristedion Miller [G. C.] 1967:19, Figs. 1-3 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 80; ref. 7979] Florida Straits, north of Cuba, 23°40'N, 79°18'W, Silver Bay station 2458, depth 290 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 200382. Paratypes: USNM 200383 (1). •Valid as Peristedion unicuspis Miller 1967 -- (Miller & Richards 2003:1285 [ref. 27050], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:83 [ref. 28815], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion unicuspis Miller 1967. Peristediidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

weberi, Peristedion Smith [J. L. B.] 1934:329, Pl. 21 [Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa v. 22 (pt 4); ref. 4065] Off Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean, depth 260 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 109 [ex AMG]. •Valid as Peristedion weberi Smith 1934 -- (Miller 1974:67 [ref. 23142], Heemstra 1982:292 [ref. 5416], Heemstra 1986:489 [ref. 5660], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Kawai 2008:24 [ref. 29787], Kawai 2016:343 [ref. 34782], Fricke et al. 2017:100 [ref. 35629], Fricke et al. 2018:139 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Peristedion weberi Smith 1934. Peristediidae. Distribution: South Africa and Mozambique to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

welchi, Peristedion Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1925:292, Pl. 1 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 15545] Dumaguete, Oriental Negros, Philippines, depth 6-8 meters. Holotype (unique): BSMP (presumed destroyed). •Synonym of Satyrichthys moluccense (Bleeker 1851) -- (del Cerro & Lloris 1997:96 [ref. 22944]). •Valid as Satyrichthys welchi (Herre 1925) -- (Miller 1974:65 [ref. 23142], Kyushin et al. 1982:274 [ref. 19754], Ochiai & Yatou in Masuda et al. 1984:335 [ref. 6441], Richards 1999:2363 [ref. 24797], Nakabo 2000:613 [ref. 25086], Richards in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:612 [ref. 26001], Paxton et al. 2006:930 [ref. 29074], Kawai 2008:26 [ref. 29787], Kawai 2013:419, 435 [ref. 32560], Pogoreutz et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32813], Larson et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32988], Kawai 2014:135 [ref. 33607], Motomura et al. 2017:71 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Satyrichthys welchi (Herre 1925). Peristediidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Japan and Philippines to Australia. Habitat: marine.