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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Pinguipedidae: [ 154 ] records


albidus, Labrus Shaw [G.] 1803:490 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Indian Seas. No types known. •Same as Labrus tetracanthus Lacepède 1801 -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm.). •Synonym of Parapercis tetracantha (Lacepède 1801). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis tetracantha (Lacepède 1801). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

albipinna, Parapercis Randall [J. E.] 2008:160, Fig. 1 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. No. 19; ref. 29931] Bulari Pass (south of Nouméa), New Caledonia, depth 100 meters (by hook and line). Holotype (unique): BPBM 26841. •Valid as Parapercis albipinna Randall 2008 -- (Prokofiev 2010:587 [ref. 31007], Ho et al. 2012:167 [ref. 31812], Yosuva et al. 2020:562 [ref. 37560]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis albipinna Randall 2008. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

albiventer, Parapercis Ho [H.-C.], Heemstra [P. C.] & Imamura [H.] 2014:336, Figs. 1-2, 4A-B [Zootaxa 3802 (no. 3); ref. 33332] 26°53'S, 32°52'E, off Kosi Bay, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, depth 18.3 meters. Holotype: SAIAB 15019. Paratypes: BMNH 1867.3.5.511 (1); MNHN 1992-0892 (2); SAIAB 9430 (1), 46245 (1), 50377 (1), 60347 (1), 97481 (1), 98609 (1), 188850 (1), 191147 (1). Type catalog: Fricke et al. 2018:301 [ref. 35805]. •Valid as Parapercis albiventer Ho, Heemstra & Imamura 2014 -- (Fricke et al. 2018:301 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis albiventer Ho, Heemstra & Imamura 2014. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East and South Africa to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

alboguttata, Percis Günther [A.] 1872:424 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 10 (no. 60) (art,. 60); ref. 18195] Misool [Misol] Island, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1870.8.31.131. •Valid as Parapercis alboguttata (Günther 1872) -- (Cantwell 1964:258 [ref. 23974], Kyushin et al. 1982:234 [ref. 19754], Allen & Swainston 1988:126 [ref. 25477], Randall 1995:305 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:537 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:204 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:206 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:146 [ref. 26476], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Randall 2001:3506 [ref. 26283] dated 1860, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Allen et al. 2006:1489 [ref. 29090], Prokofiev 2008:877 [ref. 29939] with author as Günter, Imamura 2009:240 [ref. 30434], Larson et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:179 [ref. 34464], Ho 2014:71 [ref. 33574], Psomadakis et al. 2015:301 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:189 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:301 [ref. 35805], Eagderi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 37020], Psomadakis et al. 2020:539 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis alboguttata (Günther 1872). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, north to South China Sea, south to northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

algrahami, Parapercis Johnson [J. W.] & Worthington Wilmer [J.] 2018:159, Figs. 1, 2A-D [Zootaxa 4388 (no. 2); ref. 35833] East of Coolum, Qld, Australia, 26°32'S, 153°39'E, depth 123 meters. Holotype: QM I.40814. Paratypes: AMS, CSIRO, QM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Parapercis algrahami Johnson & Worthington Wilmer 2018. Current status: Valid as Parapercis algrahami Johnson & Worthington Wilmer 2018. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Queensland and New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: marine.

allporti, Percis Günther [A.] 1876:394 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 43); ref. 2007] Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1875.11.12.64-65 (2, not found). •Valid as Parapercis allporti (Günther 1876) -- (Cantwell 1964:255 [ref. 23974], Kuiter 1993:314 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:711 [ref. 22532], Johnson & Randall 2006:57 [ref. 28930], Allen et al. 2006:1489 [ref. 29090], Johnson 2008:672 [ref. 30656], Ho & Johnson 2013:281 [ref. 32504], Johnson et al. 2014:493 [ref. 33468]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis allporti (Günther 1876). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Australia: Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. Habitat: marine.

altipinnis, Parapercis Ho [H.-C.] & Heden [M. van] 2017:564, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 4341 (no. 1); ref. 35671] Cebu, Philippines, depth ca. 55-65 meters. Holotype (unique): NMMB-P26107. •Valid as Parapercis altipinnis Ho & Heden 2017. Current status: Valid as Parapercis altipinnis Ho & Heden 2017. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

annamalai, Parapercis Yosuva [M.], Ho [H.-C.], Jeyapragash [D.] & Saravanakuamr [A.] 2020:556, Figs. 1A-B, 2A-C, 3, 4A, 4C, 4E-F [Zootaxa 4786 (no. 4); ref. 37560] Off coast of Parangipettai, south-eastern India, Bay of Bengal, eastern Indian Ocean, 11°30'6.4"N, 79°46'19.8"E. Holotype: ZSI/MBRC F.1950. Paratypes: NMMBP 30954 (1), ZSI/MBRC F.1951 (1). Originally as Parpercis annamalai, a typographical error. •Valid as Parapercis annamalai Yosuva, Ho, Jeyapragash & Saravanakuamr 2020. Current status: Valid as Parapercis annamalai Yosuva, Ho, Jeyapragash & Saravanakuamr 2020. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Bay of Bengal, south-eastern India, eastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

annulatus, Perca Meuschen [F. C.] 1778:42 [Museum Gronovianum; ref. 17682] Not available, published in a rejected work (Opinion 260). Based on the Perca oblonga, teres of Seba 1759:78, Pl. 27 (fig. 16) [ref. 18716], probably from Ambon (Indonesia). •In the synonymy of Parapercis cylindrica (Bloch 1792). Pinguipedidae.

atlantica, Neopercis Vaillant [L. L.] 1887:1032 [Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des Sciences. v. 105; ref. 17856] Between Santo Antao Island and São Vincente Island, Cape Verde Islands, depth 75-90 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1887-0225. •Valid as Parapercis atlantica (Vaillant 1887) -- (Cantwell 1964:245 [ref. 23974], Quéro & Randall 1990:892 [ref. 19329], Bañón et al. 2000:411 [ref. 25161], Randall & Yamakawa 2006:1 [ref. 28630], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2767 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis atlantica (Vaillant 1887). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: marine.

atromaculata, Parapercis Fowler [H. W.] 1904:548, Pl. 24 (lower fig.) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 1367] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ANSP 27780. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:128 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Parapercis xanthozona (Bleeker 1849) -- (Cantwell 1964:273 [ref. 23974]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis xanthozona (Bleeker 1849). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

aurantiaca, Parapercis Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1884:191 [23], Pl. 3 (figs. 2-2a) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 49 (1. Abth.); ref. 4248] Japan. Syntypes: (several) NMW 60175 (1), 76783 (1), uncat. (1, disintegrated); ?ZMB 12078 (2). Type information (ZMB) from Amaoka & Fujii 1999:163 [ref. 26515]. •Valid as Parapercis aurantiaca Döderlein 1884 -- (Cantwell 1964:251 [ref. 23974], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:290 [ref. 6441] as aurantica, Okamura in Okamura et al. 1985:553, 710 [ref. 8056], Youn 1998:263 [ref. 25741], Nakabo 2000:1063 [ref. 25182] as aurantica, Shinohara et al. 2001:328 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1063 [ref. 26193] as aurantica, Choi et al. 2003:383, 646 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:437 [ref. 28370] as aurantica, Prokofiev 2010:588 [ref. 31007], Ho 2014:77 [ref. 33574], Sonoyama et al. 2020:96 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis aurantiaca Döderlein 1884. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: China and Taiwan north to southern Korea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

australis, Parapercis Randall [J. E.] 2003:4, Figs. 2-5 [Bishop Museum Occasional Papers No. 72; ref. 27690] One Tree Island, Great Barrrier Reef, Queensland, Australia, depth 3 meters. Holotype: BPBM 14484. Paratypes: AMS I.18740-010 (1), I.19461-026 (1), I.20780-035 (9), I.18755-074 (4), I.21343-040 (22); BPBM 38942 (5), 14910 (2); CAS 13725 (13), 13851 (4); MNHN 2002-001 (2); NSMT-P 63010 (2); USNM 367373 (4). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Parapercis australis Randall 2003 -- (Randall et al. 2004:24 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:463 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1489 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2017:16 [ref. 35514], Ho & Heden 2017:569 [ref. 35671]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis australis Randall 2003. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: freshwater.

banoni, Parapercis Randall [J. E.] & Yamakawa [T.] 2006:7, Figs. 9-12 [Zoological Studies v. 45 (no. 1); ref. 28630] Valdivia Bank, 26°11'S, 6°21'E, southeastern Atlantic, depth 228 meters. Holotype: IEOV 01598. Paratypes: BPBM 39628 (1); IEOV 01698 (1), 03596 (1). •Valid as Parapercis banoni Randall & Yamakawa 2006. Current status: Valid as Parapercis banoni Randall & Yamakawa 2006. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic: Valdivia Bank. Habitat: marine.

basimaculata, Parapercis Randall [J. E.], Senou [H.] & Yoshino [T.] 2008:70, Figs. 1-3 [Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Ser. A) Supplement No. 2; ref. 29575] Sesoko Island, Okinawa, west side, Japan, 26°38'41"N, 127°51'18"E, depth 55 meters. Holotype (unique): NSMT-P 78771. Additional material: photographs of uncollected specimens. •Valid as Parapercis basimaculata Randall, Senou & Yoshino 2008 -- (Ho & Shao 2010:65 [ref. 31054]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis basimaculata Randall, Senou & Yoshino 2008. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Ryukyu Islands and Okinawa, Japan. Habitat: marine.

bicoloripes, Parapercis Prokofiev [A. M.] 2010:585, Fig. 3 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 50 (no. 5); ref. 31007] Nha Trang Bay, Cho Cua Be, Vietnam, commercial fishermen, depths less than 100 meters. Holotype: ZIN 54265. Paratypes: IORAS 2619 (7), ZMMU 21891 (12). •Valid as Parapercis bicoloripes Prokofiev 2010 -- (Matsunuma et al. 2016:188 [ref. 34947], Motomura et al. 2017:189 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis bicoloripes Prokofiev 2010. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Coastal Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

bimacula, Parapercis Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2012:1150, Figs 1-3 [Reef fishes of the East Indies.; ref. 31980] Nusa Dua, 08°48.025'S, 115°14.665'E, Bali, Indonesia, depth 6-20 meters. Holotype: MZB 20595. Paratypes: BPBM 41086 (1); MZB 20596 (3); WAM P.33459-003 (2), P.33548-001 (1). •Valid as Parapercis bimacula Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:752 [ref. 31980], Ho et al. 2014:342 [ref. 33332], Psomadakis et al. 2020:539 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis bimacula Allen & Erdmann 2012. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Islands, Myanmar, western Thailand and Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

binivirgata, Neopercis Waite [E. R.] 1904:236, Pl. 25 (fig. 3) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 13443] Coogee, New South Wales, 33°55’S, 151°17’E, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.5256. Holotype established by Johnson et al. 2014:495 [ref. 33468]. •Valid as Parapercis binivirgata (Waite 1904) -- (Cantwell 1964:252 [ref. 23974], Paulin et al. 1989:218 [ref. 24556], Johnson & Randall 2006:58 [ref. 28930], Allen et al. 2006:1490 [ref. 29090], Johnson 2008:671 [ref. 30656], Ho & Shao 2010:59 [ref. 31054], Ho & Johnson 2013:282 [ref. 32504], Johnson et al. 2014:496 [ref. 33468], Ho 2015:268 [ref. 33919], Johnson & Stewart 2015:1461 [ref. 34292], Ho & Heden 2017:569 [ref. 35671]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis binivirgata (Waite 1904). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Southeast Australia, New Caledonia, Coral Sea and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

binotata, Parapercis Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2017:10, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 27; ref. 35514] Lingatu Bay, Mbanika Island, Russell Group, Solomon Islands, 09°07.852'S, 159°10.547'E, depth 4-5 meters. Holotype: WAM P.34620-001. Paratypes: USNM, WAM. •Valid as Parapercis binotata Allen & Erdmann 2017 -- (Ho & Heden 2017:569 [ref. 35671]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis binotata Allen & Erdmann 2017. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

biordinis, Parapercis Allen [G. R.] 1976:28, Fig. 3 [Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia v. 59 (pt 1); ref. 7332] Southwest of Point Cloates, Western Australia, 22°59'S, 113°25'E, depth 71 fathoms. Holotype (unique): WAM P.25206-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:34 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:38 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Parapercis biordinis Allen 1976 -- (Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Randall 2001:3505 [ref. 26283], Allen et al. 2006:1490 [ref. 29090], Johnson & Motomura 2017:126 [ref. 35593]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis biordinis Allen 1976. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

bivittata, Parapercis Schultz [L. P.] 1968:11, Pl. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 124 (no. 3636); ref. 7916] Vicinity of Praslin, south of Round Island, Seychelles, Indian Ocean, depth 12-15 meters. Holotype: USNM 200752. Paratypes: ANSP 126950 [USNM 200753] (1), 126959 [USNM 200762] (1), 126961 [USNM 200754] (1); USNM 200753-54 (1, 1), 200762 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:128 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Parapercis punctulata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Heemstra 1986:740 [ref. 5660], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:379 [ref. 28072], Ho et al. 2014:342 [ref. 33332]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis punctulata (Cuvier 1829). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

brasilianus, Pinguipes Cuvier [G.] 1829:153 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Brazil. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-1715. See also Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:277, Pl. 63 [ref. 4879]. Lectotype selected by Rosa & Rosa 1997:850 [ref. 25850]. •Valid as Pinguipes brasilianus Cuvier 1829 -- (Rosa & Rosa 1998:850 [ref. 25850], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:130 [ref. 25942], Orsi Relini 2002:147 [ref. 28413], Figueiredo et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:94 [ref. 27192], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Nión et al. 2016:51 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Pinguipes brasilianus Cuvier 1829. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

cancellata, Percis Cuvier [G.] 1816:300 [Le Règne Animal v. 2; ref. 993] No locality [Indian seas]. Type: MNHN A-3110 (1). On Lacepède 1800: pl. 13 (fig. 3). See also Cuvier 1829:153 (footnote 1) [ref. 995] and Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:268 [ref. 4879]. •Synonym of Parapercis tetracantha (Lacepède 1801) -- (Cantwell 1964:271 [ref. 23974]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis tetracantha (Lacepède 1801). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

caudimaculata, Percis Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:98 [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Red Sea. Syntypes: SMF 1461 (1), 2663 (1, dry), 5360 (1), 17523 (1, skeleton). Replacement name for Percis cylindrica Rüppell 1828 but with different specimens. •Synonym of Parapercis hexophthalma [sic for hexophtalma] (Cuvier 1829) -- (Cantwell 1964:268 [ref. 23974], Dor 1984:220 [ref. 29757], Imamura & Yoshino 2007:82 [ref. 29105] as hexophtalma). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis hexophtalma (Cuvier 1829). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

caudimaculatum, Percis Haly [A.] 1875:269 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 15 (no. 88) (art. 35); ref. 18241] Northern China. Syntypes: BMNH 1862.11.1.189-192 (4). Original spelling in percis should have been caudimaculata. •Senior synonym of Percis ommatura (Jordan & Snyder 1902) -- (Imamura & Yoshino 2007:83 [ref. 31562]). •Junior homonym of Percis caudimaculata Rüppell 1838 -- (Imamura & Yoshino 2007:85 [ref. 31562]). •In the synonymy of Parapercis ommatura Jordan & Snyder 1902 -- (Imamura & Yoshino 2007:85 [ref. 31562]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis ommatura Jordan & Snyder 1902. Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

caudopellucida, Parapercis Johnson [J. W.] & Motomura [H.] 2017:135, Figs. 4-5 [Zootaxa 4320 (no. 1); ref. 35593] Andaman Sea, off southern Myanmar, 13°03.21'N, 96°41.62'E, depth 125-129 meters. Holotype: QM I.40669. Paratype: BPBM. •Valid as Parapercis caudopellucida Johnson & Motomura 2017 -- (Psomadakis et al. 2020:539 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis caudopellucida Johnson & Motomura 2017. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Northeastern Indian Ocean: Myanmar endemic. Habitat: marine.

cephalopunctatus, Percis Seale [A.] 1901:124 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 14357] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Syntypes: ANSP 79777 (1), BPBM 261-262 (1, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:129 [ref. 13621]. See Randall et al. 1990:361 [ref. 15987]. •Valid as Parapercis cephalopunctata (Seale 1901) -- (Cantwell 1964:267 [ref. 23974], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:291 [ref. 6441], Winterbottom et al. 1989:59 [ref. 13251]). •Synonym of Parapercis millepunctata (Günther 1860) -- (Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Myers & Donaldson 2003:638 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:465 [ref. 28239], Ho & Shao 2010:59 [ref. 31054]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis millepunctata (Günther 1860). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

cephalus, Parapercis Kotthaus [A.] 1977:45, Fig. 400 [Meteor Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie No. 24; ref. 7261] Indian Ocean, 9°49'N, 75°51'E, depth 58 meters. Holotype: ZMH 5314. Paratypes: ZMH 5315 (1). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:418 [ref. 21161]. •Synonym of Parapercis alboguttata (Günther 1860) -- (Randall 2001:3506 [ref. 26283]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis alboguttata (Günther 1860). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

chilensis, Esox Molina [J. I.] 1782:222 [Saggio sulla storia naturale del Chile, del Signor Abate Giovanni Ignazio Molina.; ref. 17783] Chile. No types known. •Status uncertain -- (Rosa & Rosa 1987:1049 [ref. 6066]). •Valid as Pinguipes chilensis (Molina 1782) -- (Pequeño 1989:64 [ref. 14125]). •See Pinguipes chilensis Valenciennes 1833. Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

chilensis, Parapercis Norman [J. R.] 1937:62, Fig. 28 [Discovery Reports v. 16; ref. 3227] Mocha Island, Discovery station WS742, 38°22'S, 73°41'W, off Chile, depth 58 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1936.8.26.440. •Synonym of Prolatilus jugularis (Valenciennes 1833) -- (McCosker 1971:682 [ref. 7692]). Current status: Synonym of Prolatilus jugularis (Valenciennes 1833). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

chilensis, Pinguipes Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:457 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Valparaíso, Chile. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-4902. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-1812 (2). Lectotype selected by Rosa & Rosa 1997:852 [ref. 25850]. See account of Mugil chilensis. •Valid as Pinguipes chilensis (Molina 1782) -- (Pequeño 1989:64 [ref. 14125] dating to Molina 1782). •Valid as Pinguipes chilensis Valenciennes 1833 -- (Rosa & Rosa 1987:1049 [ref. 6066], Rosa & Rosa 1998:852 [ref. 25850]). Current status: Valid as Pinguipes chilensis Valenciennes 1833. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

clathrata, Parapercis Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:41 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 23; ref. 3288] No locality. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Replacement name for Bodianus tetracanthus Lacepède 1802, secondarily preoccupied in Parapercis by Labrus tetracanthus Lacepède 1801. •Valid as Parapercis clathrata Ogilby 1910 -- (Cantwell 1964:268 [ref. 23974], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:292 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:126 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:359 [ref. 15987], see Randall 1995:306 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:204 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:320 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:359 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:213 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:92 [ref. 37268], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1061 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:390 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:115 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Randall 2001:3506 [ref. 26283], Nakabo 2002:1061 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:52 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:638 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:24 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:464 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1490 [ref. 29090], Prokofiev 2008:878 [ref. 29939], Imamura 2009:240 [ref. 30434], Ho & Shao 2010:66 [ref. 31054], Motomura et al. 2010:179 [ref. 31256], Johnson & White 2012:57 [ref. 31991], Allen & Erdmann 2012:753 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32988], Ho et al. 2014:342 [ref. 33332], Ho 2014:78 [ref. 33574], Fricke et al. 2014:143 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:249 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis clathrata Ogilby 1910. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea and Christmas Island east to Micronesia and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Northern Territory (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

colemani, Parapercis Randall [J. E.] & Francis [M. P.] 1993:210, Figs. 1-2 [New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 27 (no. 2); ref. 20977] East side of Emily Bay, Norfolk Island, depth 1.5 meters. Holotype (unique): AMS I.33434-001. •Valid as Parapercis colemani Randall & Francis 1993 -- (Randall & Yamakawa 2006:1 [ref. 28630], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:345 [ref. 28867], Johnson 2006:55 [ref. 28929], Prokofiev 2010:587 [ref. 31007], Ho & Shao 2010:66 [ref. 31054], Ho 2015:270 [ref. 33919] as cf. colemani). Current status: Valid as Parapercis colemani Randall & Francis 1993. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Norfolk Island, Lord Howe Rise and northern Norfolk ridge. Habitat: marine.

colias, Enchelyopus Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:54 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] New Zealand. No types known. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •Valid as Parapercis colias (Forster 1801) -- (Cantwell 1964:255 [ref. 23974], McDowall 1973:207 [ref. 24630], Paulin et al. 1989:218 [ref. 24556], Nakamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:295 [ref. 16024], Paulin & Roberts 1992:153 [ref. 24625], Johnson et al. 2014:493 [ref. 33468], Johnson & Stewart 2015:1462 [ref. 34292]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis colias (Forster 1801). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

compressa, Parapercis Randall [J. E.] 2008:163, Fig. 3 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. No. 19; ref. 29931] South side, 8°03'S, 110°05'E, Sumbawa Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia, depth 40-60 meters. Holotype (unique): NTM S.10746-004. •Valid as Parapercis compressa Randall 2008 -- (Prokofiev 2010:587 [ref. 31007], Larson et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32988] as cf. compressa, Ho 2015:269 [ref. 33919] as cf. compressa, Johnson & Motomura 2017:143 [ref. 35593]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis compressa Randall 2008. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Indonesia and Timor and Arafura seas, and Northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

concinna, Percis De Vis [C. W.] 1884:546 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4899] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: QM (whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Parapercis nebulosa (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Cantwell 1964:261 [ref. 23974], Randall & Stroud 1985:93 [ref. 9397], Allen et al. 2006:1492 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis nebulosa (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

coxii, Percis Ramsay [E. P.] 1883:179 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 1); ref. 14346] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS A.14361 (1). •Synonym of Parapercis nebulosa (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Cantwell 1964:261 [ref. 23974], Randall & Stroud 1985:93 [ref. 9397], Allen et al. 2006:1492 [ref. 29090] with a holotype). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis nebulosa (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

cylindrica, Percis Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1828:19, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea; Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMF 1458 (1), 5361-62 (2). Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Parapercis by Sciaena cylindrica Bloch 1792; replaced by Percis caudimaculata Rüppell 1838. •Synonym of Parapercis hexophtalma (Cuvier 1829) -- (Cantwell 1964:268 [ref. 23974], Dor 1984:220 [ref. 29757], Imamura & Yoshino 2007:82 [ref. 29105]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis hexophtalma (Cuvier 1829). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

cylindrica, Percis Day [F.] 1888:260 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1888 (pt 3) (art. 4) (for 1 May 1888); ref. 14480] Andaman Islands. Syntypes: BMNH 1889.2.1.3330-31 (2). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Percis cylindrica Rüppell 1828. Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

cylindrica, Sciaena Bloch [M. E.] 1792:42, Pl. 299 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 6; ref. 470] Evidently westernPacific [not Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 514. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:102 [ref. 24282]. On p. 37 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 9 [ref. 21381]. See Randall 2003:3 [ref. 27690] for locality information. •Valid as Parapercis cylindrica (Bloch 1792) -- (Cantwell 1964:262 [ref. 23974], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:291 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:360 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:315 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Kuiter 1997:322 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:360 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:213 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:745 [ref. 25471], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1061 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:390 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:115 [ref. 25868], Sakai et al. 2001:105 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Randall 2001:3506 [ref. 26283] dated 1797, Nakabo 2002:1061 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:52 [ref. 26830] dated 1797, Myers & Donaldson 2003:638 [ref. 27495] dated 1797, Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:166 [ref. 27510], Randall 2003:2 [ref. 27690], Randall 2005:463 [ref. 28239], Prokofiev 2008:888 [ref. 29939], Motomura et al. 2010:179 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:753 [ref. 31980], Ho 2014:77 [ref. 33574], Koeda et al. 2016:82 [ref. 35333], Allen & Erdmann 2017:16 [ref. 35514], Ho & Heden 2017:569 [ref. 35671], Fricke et al. 2019:249 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis cylindrica (Bloch 1792). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Micronesia and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

decemfasciata, Neopercis Franz [V.] 1910:81, Pl. 9 (fig. 78) [Abhandlungen der math.-phys. Klasse der K. Bayer Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 4 (Suppl.) (no. 1); ref. 1481] Misaki, Aburatsubo, and Yokohama, Japan. Syntypes: ZSM [old colelction] (3 + 6) destroyed in WW II. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:279 [ref. 28925]. •Synonym of Parapercis multifasciata Döderlein 1884 -- (Cantwell 1964:251 [ref. 23974]). •Valid as Parapercis decemfasciata (Franz 1910) -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:291 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1063 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:329 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1063 [ref. 26193], Ho & Johnson 2013:281 [ref. 32504], Johnson 2014:498 [ref. 33468], Ho 2014:77 [ref. 33574]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis decemfasciata (Franz 1910). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

diagonalis, Parapercis Randall [J. E.] 2008:164, Figs. 4-7 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. No. 19; ref. 29931] Gilimanuk, west end of Bali, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean, depth 3 meters. Holotype: BPBM 38811. Non-type specimens: BPBM 36657 (1), 40588 (2). •Valid as Parapercis diagonalis Randall 2008 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:754 [ref. 31980], Johnson & Motomura 2017:126 [ref. 35593]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis diagonalis Randall 2008. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

didikuar, Pinguipes Montrouzier [X.] 1857:499 [221] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] On p. 221 of reprint. Not available, manuscript name mentioned in synonymy under Percis hexophtalma; from Woodlark I., South Pacific. Pinguipedidae.

diplospilus, Parapercis Gomon [J. R.] 1981:990, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 93 (no. 4) [1980]; ref. 8598] Visayan Sea between northern Negros and Masbate islands, Philippines, 11°22'00"N, 123°19'48"E, depth 38.4 meters. Holotype: USNM 220470. Paratypes: AMS I.21362-001 (3); BMNH 1979.11.2.1-3 (3); BPBM 22770 (3); CAS 44715 (3); USNM 220406-07 (1, 1), 220409 (6). •Valid as Parapercis diplospilus Gomon 1981 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:126 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:204 [ref. 23977], Johnson 1999:745 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Randall 2001:3505 [ref. 26283], Allen et al. 2006:1490 [ref. 29090], Prokofiev 2008:877 [ref. 29939], Allen & Erdmann 2012:754 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32988], Matsunuma et al. 2016:192 [ref. 34947], Motomura et al. 2017:189 [ref. 35490], Johnson & Motomura 2017:126 [ref. 35593]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis diplospilus Gomon 1981. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Australia. Habitat: marine.

dockinsi, Parapercis McCosker [J. E.] 1971:682, Figs. 1-3 [Copeia 1971 (no. 4); ref. 7692] 1 kilometer northwest of San Carlos Point, Juan Fernández Islands, off Chile, 33°37'18"S, 78°50'20"W, depth 25-30 meters. Holotype: SIO 65-637. Paratypes: AMS I.21352-002 (2); BMNH 1980.9.5.40-41 (2); CAS 24876 [ex SIO 65-649] (1); MNHNC P.6295 (1); SIO 65-637 (9), 65-647 (13, 1 c&s), 65-648 (7), 65-649 (1, now 0), 65-655 (2) (ex UCLA W66-55), 65-656 (7), 65-659 (2, now 0); USNM 205481 [ex SIO 65-659] (2). Type catalog: Meléndez C. et al. 1993:180 [ref. 24124]. •Valid as Parapercis dockinsi McCosker 1971 -- (Pequeño 1989:64 [ref. 14125], Rosa & Rosa 1998:854 [ref. 25850] as dockinski, Pequeño & Sáez 2000:33 [ref. 24590], Pequeño & Lamilla 2000:434 [ref. 24906], Dyer & Westneat 2010:608 [ref. 31446]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis dockinsi McCosker 1971. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Juan Fernandez Islands endemic. Habitat: marine.

dongshaensis, Parapercis Chen [I-S.], Tsai [T.-H.] & Hsu [S.-L.] 2014:231, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of Marine Science and Technology v. 21, Suppl. [for 2013]; ref. 33153] Pratas Island, 20°41.183'N, 116°58.550'E, South China Sea, depth 291-321 meters. Holotype (unique): NTOUP-2013-12-105. •Valid as Parapercis dongshaensis Chen, Tsai & Hsu 2014. Current status: Valid as Parapercis dongshaensis Chen, Tsai & Hsu 2014. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

dorsonebulosa, Parapercis Martin [C.] & Montalban [H. R.] 1935:220, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Philippine Journal of Science v. 56 (no. 2); ref. 13899] Catbalogan, Samar Island, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 31252 (destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP (3, destroyed). •Synonym of Parapercis xanthozona (Bleeker 1849) -- (Imamura & Matsuura 2003:31 [ref. 26802]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis xanthozona (Bleeker 1849). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

elongata, Parapercis Fourmanoir [P.] 1965:112 [Cahiers O. R. S. T. O. M. (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer) Série Océanographie; ref. 9212] Vietnam. Holotype (?): IOI 45283. Paratypes: (9) whereabouts unknown. Based on Parapercis sp. on p. 46-47; indexed as Parapercis elongata and the name is unambiguously linked with description (see Yamanaka et al. 2011 [ref. 31678]). Also appeared in Fourmanoir 1967:269, Fig. 3 [ref. 7461]. •Valid as Parapercis elongata Fourmanoir 1965 -- (Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Randall 2001:3505 [ref. 26283], Prokofiev 2008:886 [ref. 29939]). •Synonym of Parapercis alboguttata (Günther 1872) -- (Yamanaka et al. 2011:63 [ref. 31678]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis alboguttata (Günther 1872). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

emeryana, Percis Richardson [J.] 1842:130 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 9 (no. 56); ref. 12568] Depuch Island, Western Australia. No types known. Based on a drawing. •Valid as Parapercis emeryana (Richardson 1842) -- (Cantwell 1964:258 [ref. 23974]). •Synonym of Parapercis nebulosa (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Randall & Stroud 1985:93 [ref. 9397], Allen et al. 2006:1492 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis nebulosa (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Dentex Solander [D. C.] in Richardson 1846:211 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Not available, name mentioned under Percis pulchella. Pinguipedidae.

fasciatus, Pinguipes Jenyns [L.] 1840:20, Pl. 5 [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] East coast of Patagonia, 37°26'S. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1917.7.14.51. •Valid as Pinguipes fasciatus Jenyns 1840 -- (Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:266 [ref. 14235]). •Synonym of Pinguipes brasilianus Cuvier 1829 -- (Rosa & Rosa 1998:850 [ref. 25850]). Current status: Synonym of Pinguipes brasilianus Cuvier 1829. Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

filamentosa, Percis Steindachner [F.] 1878:386 [10] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 78 (1. Abth.); ref. 4226] Singapore. Syntypes: (several) NMW 76417 (3). On p. 10 of separate. •Valid as Parapercis filamentosa (Steindachner 1878) -- (Cantwell 1964:258 [ref. 23974], Kyushin et al. 1982:235 [ref. 19754], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:537 [ref. 27969], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Randall 2001:3507 [ref. 26283] dated 1879, Prokofiev 2008:881 [ref. 29939], Yoshida et al. 2013:180 [ref. 34464], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:242 [ref. 36460], Psomadakis et al. 2020:540 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis filamentosa (Steindachner 1878). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar and western Indonesia to Thailand, Vietnam and southern China. Habitat: marine.

flavescens, Parapercis Fourmanoir [P.] & Rivaton [J.] 1979:412, Fig. 6 [Cahiers de l'Indo-Pacifique v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 8833] Isle of Pines, New Caledonia. Holotype: MNHN 1978-0475. Paratypes: MNHN 1978-0476 (1). •Valid as Parapercis flavescens Fourmanoir & Rivaton 1979 -- (Randall 2001:3505 [ref. 26283], Ho 2015:261 [ref. 33919]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis flavescens Fourmanoir & Rivaton 1979. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

flavipinna, Parapercis Johnson [J. W.] & Motomura [H.] 2017:131, Fig. 3 [Zootaxa 4320 (no. 1); ref. 35593] Off Iloilo, Panay Island, Philippines, ca. 10°41'N, 122°35'E. Holotype: KAUM-I.52614. Paratypes: QM. •Valid as Parapercis flavipinna Johnson & Motomura 2017. Current status: Valid as Parapercis flavipinna Johnson & Motomura 2017. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Panay Island, Philippines. Habitat: marine.

flavofasciata, Neopercis Kamohara [T.] 1936:309 [English p. 306], Fig. 2 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 48 (no. 6); ref. 13707] Mimase, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Kamohara "neotype": BSKU 8842. Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:8, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [ref. 19282]. "Neotype" designation: Kamohara 1961:8, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [ref. 19282], but neotype designation was not made in a revisory work and is invalid. •Valid as Kochichthys flavofasciata (Kamohara 1936) -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:292 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1059 [ref. 25182] as flavofasciatus, Shinohara et al. 2001:328 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1059 [ref. 26193] as flavofasciatus, Ho 2014:76 [ref. 33574]). Current status: Valid as Kochichthys flavofasciatus (Kamohara 1936). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

flavolabiata, Parapercis Johnson [J. W.] 2006:48, Figs. 1-2 [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 63 (no. 1); ref. 28929] East of Mystery Cay, 21°22.5'S, 152°07.5'E, Queensland, Australia, depth 55 meters. Holotype: QM I.37762. Paratypes: AMS I.43796-001 (3); CSIRO H 6303-01 (1), QM I.36139 (3), I.36598 (1), I.36632 (1), I.37763-66 (2, 3, 1, 1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Parapercis flavolabiata Johnson 2006 -- (Randall et al. 2008:74 [ref. 29575], Randall 2008:168 [ref. 29931], Prokofiev 2010:588 [ref. 31007]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis flavolabiata Johnson 2006. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia. Habitat: marine.

flavolineata, Parapercis Randall [J. E.] 2008:167, Figs.8-9 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. No. 19; ref. 29931] Off Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia, depth 34 meters. Holotype: BPBM 38810. Non-type material: One specimen photographed underwater, not captured. •Valid as Parapercis flavolineata Randall 2008 -- (Prokofiev 2010:587 [ref. 31007], Allen & Erdmann 2012:754 [ref. 31980], Johnson & Motomura 2017:126 [ref. 35593]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis flavolineata Randall 2008. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Northern Sulawesi and Bali, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

fuscolineata, Parapercis Fourmanoir [P.] 1985:36, Fig. 1 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Serie A Zoologie v. 133 (art. 2); ref. 8092] Philippines, 13°59.3'N, 120°16.4'E, depth 170-187 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1984-0430. Paratypes: BPBM 29668 (1). •Valid as Parapercis fuscolineata Fourmanoir 1985 -- (Randall 2001:3505 [ref. 26283], Ho 2015:265 [ref. 33919], Nakayama et al. 2016:85 [ref. 35272]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis fuscolineata Fourmanoir 1985. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Philippines, Vanuatu, New Caledonia and Solomon Islands; Tosa Bay (Japan). Habitat: marine.

gilliesii, Percis Hutton [F. W.] 1879:53 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 3 (no. 13, art. 5); ref. 18319] Brighton, near Dunedin, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1886.11.18.26 [ex OM]. Type catalog: Russell 1996:230 [ref. 22562]. •Valid as Parapercis gilliesi [should use gilliesii] (Hutton 1879) -- (Cantwell 1964:257 [ref. 23974], McCosker 1971:684 [ref. 7692], Paulin et al. 1989:218 [ref. 24556], Nakamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:296 [ref. 16024], Johnson et al. 2014:493 [ref. 33468], Johnson & Stewart 2015:1463 [ref. 34292]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis gilliesii (Hutton 1879). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

guezei, Parapercis Fourmanoir [P.] 1966:218, Fig. 2 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 38 (no. 3); ref. 9029] Cap Lahoussaye, Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 75 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1965-0675. Paratypes: MNHN 1965-0676 (1). •Synonym of Parapercis punctata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Fricke 1999:465 [ref. 24106], Ho 2013:293 [ref. 32980]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis punctata (Cuvier 1829). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

gushikeni, Parapercis Yoshino [T.] 1975:343, Fig. 1 [Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory v. 22 (no. 5); ref. 7487] Off Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, depth over 100 meters. Holotype: FAKU 62145 [ex SMBL 73371]. Paratypes: FAKU 62146-49 [ex SMBL 73372-75] (1, 1, 1, 1). •Valid as Parapercis gushikeni Yoshino 1975 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:291 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:126 [ref. 25477], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:537 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:204 [ref. 23977], Nakabo 2000:1060 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1060 [ref. 26193], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:167 [ref. 27510], Allen et al. 2006:1490 [ref. 29090]). •Valid as Ryukyupercis gushikeni (Yoshino 1975) -- (Imamura & Yoshino 2007 :94 [ref. 29016], Randall et al. 2008:69 [ref. 29575], Larson et al. 2013:175 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:144 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:190 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Ryukyupercis gushikeni (Yoshino 1975). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: from Madang and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

haackei, Percis Steindachner [F.] 1884:1070 [6] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 88 (1. Abth.); ref. 4234] St. Vincent Gulf, South Australia. Syntypes: (2) NMW 60136 (1). Species not included in the original abstract [ref. 20488]. On p. 6 of separate. •Valid as Parapercis haackei (Steindachner 1884) -- (Cantwell 1964:261 [ref. 23974], Gomon et al. 1994:712 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:324 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Randall 2003:9 [ref. 27690], Allen et al. 2006:1491 [ref. 29090], Johnson 2008:672 [ref. 30656], Allen & Erdmann 2017:16 [ref. 35514] as haakei, as haackei on pp. 8 & 15, Ho & Heden 2017:569 [ref. 35671], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis haackei (Steindachner 1884). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, South Australia. Habitat: marine.

hainanensis, Parapercis Lin [S.-Y.] 1933:95, Fig. 2 [Lingnan Science Journal, Canton v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 2783] Sama Kong, southern Hainan, China. Holotype (unique): FESC (now at PRFRI) 877. •Synonym of Parapercis filamentosa (Steindachner 1878) -- (Cantwell 1964:258 [ref. 23974]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis filamentosa (Steindachner 1878). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

hexophtalma, Percis Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:271 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntype: SMF (1, whereabouts unknown), ZMB 517 (1). Based on Ehrenberg description and underlying specimen from Massawa, and on Percis cylindrica (non Bloch 1792) of Rüppell 1828:Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [ref. 3843]. •Valid as Parapercis hexophtalma (Cuvier 1829) -- (Cantwell 1964:268 [ref. 23974], Dor 1984:219 [ref. 29757] as hexophthalma, Heemstra 1986:739 [ref. 5660] as hexophthalma, Winterbottom et al. 1989:59 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:360 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:166 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:57 [ref. 25356] as hexophthalma, Randall 1995:305 [ref. 22896], Chen et al. 1997:146 [ref. 26476] as hexophthalma, Kuiter 1997:320 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:360 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:464 [ref. 24106], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122] as hexophthalma, Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:390 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:153 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:115 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Randall 2001:3507 [ref. 26283], Allen & Adrim 2003:52 [ref. 26830] as hexophthalma, Imamura & Matsuura 2003:29 [ref. 26802], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Randall et al. 2004:24 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715] as hexaphthalma, Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:377 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:464 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1491 [ref. 29090], Imamura & Yoshino 2007:82 [ref. 29105], Fricke et al. 2009:92 [ref. 30213], Imamura 2009:241 [ref. 30434], Sparks & Baldwin 2012:37 [ref. 31821], Allen & Erdmann 2012:755 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:268 [ref. 32706], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:429 [ref. 33460], Fricke et al. 2014:143 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:301 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:134 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:249 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:92 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:540 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis hexophtalma (Cuvier 1829). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Fiji and Tonga (possibly also Society Islands), north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia, and Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.

hexophtalmus, Blenius Ehrenberg [C. G.] in Rüppell 1828:19 [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Not available, name mentioned in the synonymy of Percis cylindrica Rüppell 1828. •In the synonymy of Parapercis hexophtalma (Cuvier 1829) -- (Dor 1984:219 [ref. 29757] as hexophthalma). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis hexophtalma (Cuvier 1829). Pinguipedidae.

hoi, Parapercis Johnson [J. W.] & Motomura [H.] 2017:140, Fig. 6 [Zootaxa 4320 (no. 1); ref. 35593] West of Broome, Western Australia, 17°46.06'S, 120°43.09'E to 17°45.57'S, 120°42.56'E, depth 97-109 meters. Holotype: NMV A.29690-001. Paratypes: NMV, QM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Parapercis hoi Johnson & Motomura 2017. Current status: Valid as Parapercis hoi Johnson & Motomura 2017. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Australia and Sibuyan Sea, Philippines. Habitat: marine.

imamurai, Parapercis Johnson [J. W.] & Worthington Wilmer [J.] 2018:163, Figs. 1, 3A-C [Zootaxa 4388 (no. 2); ref. 35833] South of Saumarez Reef, Qld, Australia, 22°35.3'S, 153°46.7'E to 22°36.3'S, 153°50'E, depth 345-350 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H.630-16. Paratypes: AMS, CSIRO. •Valid as Parapercis imamurai Johnson & Worthington Wilmer 2018. Current status: Valid as Parapercis imamurai Johnson & Worthington Wilmer 2018. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Queensland and New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: marine.

johnsoni, Parapercis Ho [H.-C.] 2015:256, Figs. 1A-C, 2A-B [Zootaxa 3999 (no. 2); ref. 33919] Hiva Oa, 9°43’59"S, 138°51’00"W, Marquesas Is., French Polynesia, South Pacific Ocean, depth 107-108 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2000-5243. Paratypes: MNHN, QM. •Valid as Parapercis johnsoni Ho 2015. Current status: Valid as Parapercis johnsoni Ho 2015. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia. Habitat: marine.

jugularis, Latilus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:500, Pl. 279 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Valparaíso, Chile. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-8156. Paralectotypes: ?MNHN 0000-7646 (2, poor condition), 0000-7647 (1 or 2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:49 [ref. 15502]. Lectotype selected by Rosa & Rosa 1997:855 [ref. 25850]. •Valid as Prolatilus jugularis (Valenciennes 1833) -- (McCosker 1971:682 [ref. 7692], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:204 [ref. 14235], Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125], Rosa & Rosa 1998:855 [ref. 25850], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:335 [ref. 24555], Pequeño 1999:172 [ref. 24566]). Current status: Valid as Prolatilus jugularis (Valenciennes 1833). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kamoharai, Parapercis Schultz [L. P.] 1966:1, Pl. 1 [Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections v. 151 (no. 4); ref. 9065] Osaka Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: USNM 196021. Paratypes: USNM 199239 (1). •Valid as Parapercis kamoharai Schultz 1966 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:291 [ref. 6441], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1061 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:154 [ref. 25480], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:103 [ref. 26368], Shinohara et al. 2001:329 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1061 [ref. 26193], Imamura & Matsuura 2003:27 [ref. 26802], Motomura et al. 2010:180 [ref. 31256], Ho et al. 2014:342 [ref. 33332], Ho 2014:581 [ref. 33486], Ho 2014:79 [ref. 33574]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis kamoharai Schultz 1966. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

katoi, Parapercis Randall [J. E.], Senou [H.] & Yoshino [T.] 2008:74, Figs. 4-5 [Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Ser. A) Supplement No. 2; ref. 29575] Chichi-jima, Ogasawara Islands, Japan, 27°07'N, 142°05'E, depth 200 meters. Holotype: KPM-NI 19613. Paratypes: BPBM 40876 (1); FAKU 64498 (1); KPM-NI 5387 (1), 19545 [ex IOP-3482] (1); NSMT-P 78773 [ex KPM-NI 82] (1); USNM 384201 (1). •Valid as Parapercis katoi Randall, Senou & Yoshino 2008 -- (Prokofiev 2010:588 [ref. 31007]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis katoi Randall, Senou & Yoshino 2008. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Ogasawara Islands, Japan. Habitat: marine.

kentingensis, Parapercis Ho [H.-C.], Chang [C.-H.] & Shao [K.-T.] 2012:164, Figs. 1A-C, 2, 3A, 3C, 3E [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 60 (no. 1); ref. 31812] Hengchun, Pingtung, southern Taiwan, northern part of the South China Sea, depth 50-150 meters (market purchase). Holotype: NMMBP 11453. Paratypes: NMMBP 11437 (1), 11447 (1), 11450 (1), 11454 (4), 11456 (1), 11458 (1), 11459 (1), 11462 (1), 11463 (1), 11464 (1), 16466 (1); QM I.33860 [ex NMMBP 11454] (1). •Valid as Parapercis kentingensis Ho, Chang & Shao 2012 -- (Ho 2014:71 [ref. 33574], Yosuva et al. 2020:563 [ref. 37560]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis kentingensis Ho, Chang & Shao 2012. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Taiwan; also Japan. Habitat: marine.

lata, Parapercis Randall [J. E.] & McCosker [J. E.] 2002:88, Pl. 1 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 53 (no. 8); ref. 26140] About one-half mile southeast of entrance to English Harbor, Tabuaeran [= Fanning Island], Line Islands, central Pacific. Holotype: BPBM 28063. Paratypes: AMS I.141173-001 (1); BPBM 7575 (1), 28066 (2), 30657 (1), 31908 (3); CAS 42102 (1); MNHN 2002-0138 (1); USNM 367667 (1). •Valid as Parapercis lata Randall & McCosker 2002 -- (Randall 2005:465 [ref. 28239], Mundy et al. 2010:61 [ref. 31155]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis lata Randall & McCosker 2002. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Line Islands. Habitat: marine.

ledanoisi, Neopercis Cadenat [J.] 1937:508, Figs. 45-46 [Revue des Travaux de l'Institut des Pêches Maritimes v. 10 (fasc. 4, no. 40); ref. 17134] North of Maio Island, Cape Verde Islands, 15°27'N, 23°13'W, depth 180-200 meters. Holotype (unique): MHNLR P.402. Type catalog: Aloncle 1968:688 [ref. 20713]. Also in Cadenat 1938:361? [ref. 17961]. •Synonym of Parapercis atlantica (Vaillant 1887) -- (Cantwell 1964:245 [ref. 23974], Quéro & Randall 1990:892 [ref. 19329], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2767 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis atlantica (Vaillant 1887). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

lineopunctata, Parapercis Randall [J. E.] 2003:12, Figs. 7-8 [Bishop Museum Occasional Papers No. 72; ref. 27690] Bolino, Luzon Island, Philippines, depth 5-7 meters. Holotype: BPBM 36841. Paratypes: AMS I.19450-025 (20), I.29654-001 (2), I.34953-001 (3); BPBM 32331 (1), 33591 (1), 33694 (1), 36239 (1), 37635 (2); MNHN 2002-002 (1); NSMT-P 63011 (1); CAS-SU 27131 (1); USNM 367374 (1). •Valid as Parapercis lineopunctata Randall 2003 -- (Randall 2005:466 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1491 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:755 [ref. 31980], Ho 2015:269 [ref. 33919], Fricke et al. 2014:143 [ref. 33932], Allen & Erdmann 2017:16 [ref. 35514], Ho & Heden 2017:569 [ref. 35671], Fricke et al. 2019:249 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis lineopunctata Randall 2003. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Solomon Islands, north to Philippines, south to Queensland (Australia) and Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.

longifilis, Parapercis Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1944:5 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 57; ref. 13144] Sand flats at Siglap, Singapore. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 39604. •Synonym of Parapercis filamentosa (Steindachner 1878) -- (Cantwell 1964:258 [ref. 23974]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis filamentosa (Steindachner 1878). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

lutevittata, Parapercis Liao [Y.-C.], Cheng [T.-Y.] & Shao [K.-T.] 2011:33, Figs. 1, 4A [Zootaxa No. 2867; ref. 31295] Tashi, Ilan County, northeastern Taiwan, depth about 200 meters. Holotype: ASIZP 0071627. Paratypes: ASIZP 0071628 (4), 0071629 (7), 0071630 (1); BSKU 058458 (1), 064089 (1), 065030 (1), 066627 (1), 067610 (1), 070401 (1), 071738 (1), 074193 (1), 075967 (1) 078374 (1); USNM 398144 (2). Plus on-type specimens. •Valid as Parapercis lutevittata Liao, Cheng & Shao 2011 -- (Chen et al. 2014:230 [ref. 33153], Ho 2014:71 [ref. 33574], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:243 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis lutevittata Liao, Cheng & Shao 2011. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: northern Vietnam, Taiwan, Japan. Habitat: marine.

macrocephalus, Labrus Richardson [J.] (ex Solander) 1843:16 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science v. 12 (12th meeting [1842]); ref. 12502] Not available, Solander name mentioned in the synonymy of Percis colias (Forster 1801); also objectively invalid; preoccupied by Labrus macrocephalus Lacepède 1801. •In the synonymy of Parapercis colias (Forster 1801). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis colias (Forster 1801). Pinguipedidae.

macrophthalma, Neopercis Pietschmann [V.] 1911:431, Fig. 1 [Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien v. 25; ref. 14859] Kaohsiung [Takao], Taiwan. Holotype (unique): ZMB 16160. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:51 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Parapercis macrophthalma (Pietschmann 1911) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:126 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:204 [ref. 23977], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Johnson 2006:55 [ref. 28929], Ho & Shao 2011:51 [ref. 31432], Ho & Johnson 2013:275 [ref. 32504], Ho 2014:71 [ref. 33574]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis macrophthalma (Pietschmann 1911). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Taiwan and Japan. Habitat: marine.

maculata, Percis Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:179, Pl. 38 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu State, India [originally from Tranquebar]. Neotype: BPBM 20453. Neotype designated by Randall 2008:169 [ref. 29931]. •Valid as Parapercis maculata (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Randall 1995:305 [ref. 22896], Fricke 1999:464 [ref. 24106], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:155 [ref. 25480], Randall 2001:3505 [ref. 26283], Allen & Adrim 2003:52 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Randall 2008:169 [ref. 29931], Prokofiev 2008:884 [ref. 29939] perhaps is puchella of Randall 2008, Fricke et al. 2009:92 [ref. 30213], Imamura 2009:241 [ref. 30434], Sparks & Baldwin 2012:37 [ref. 31821], Allen & Erdmann 2012:755 [ref. 31980], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:428 [ref. 33460], Johnson & Motomura 2017:126 [ref. 35593], Fricke et al. 2018:301 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:134 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis maculata (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Comoros, Madagascar and Réunion (Mascarenes) east to Indonesia, north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

maramara, Parapercis Sparks [J. S.] & Baldwin [Z. H.] 2012:32, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 3204; ref. 31821] Masoala Peninsula (15°44'S, 50°21'E), Masoala National Park, outside Tanjona Marine Reserve, Madagascar. Holotype: AMNH 243241. Paratypes: AMNH 243242 (4, 1 c&s), 243243 (1). Type catalog: Fricke et al. 2018:302 [ref. 35805]. •Valid as Parapercis maramara Sparks & Baldwin 2012 -- (Ho et al. 2014:342 [ref. 33332], Fricke et al. 2018:302 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis maramara Sparks & Baldwin 2012. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Northeastern Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

maritzi, Parapercis Anderson [M. E.] 1992:152, Figs. 1-4 [South African Journal of Zoology. v. 27 (no. 4); ref. 19971] Transkei coast, South Africa, depth 80-150 meters. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 35610. Paratypes: BPBM 34911 (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 37043 (1), 37319 (5); SAM 32442 (2). Plus non-type material: SAiab [formerly RUSI] 10966 (1). •Valid as Parapercis maritzi Anderson 1992 -- (Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:379 [ref. 28072], Randall & Yamakawa 2006:1 [ref. 28630], Sparks & Baldwin 2012:37 [ref. 31821]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis maritzi Anderson 1992. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: off South Africa. Habitat: brackish, marine.

marmorata, Neosillago Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:16 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Port Walcott, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-3524. •Probably a Bembridae -- (Saga 2013:98 [ref. 32686]). •Synonym of Parapercis nebulosa (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Ho 2013:296 [ref. 32980]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis nebulosa (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

meridionalis, Neopercis atlanticus Carvalho [J. de P.] 1956:202, Figs. 1-3 [Boletim do Instituto Oceanografico, São Paulo v. 7 (nos 1-2); ref. 12054] Cabo Frio, southeastern Brazil, 23°S. Holotype (unique): IO 308 (apparently lost). Type catalog: Menezes 1974:216 [ref. 20795]. Rosa & Rosa 1997:850 [ref. 25850] mention seeing the type, but they do not list it in their materials examined. •Synonym of Pinguipes brasilianus Cuvier 1829 -- (Rosa & Rosa 1998:850 [ref. 25850]). Current status: Synonym of Pinguipes brasilianus Cuvier 1829. Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

millepunctata, Percis Günther [A.] 1860:241 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1860.3.19.65. Doubtful status (Cantwell 1964:245 [ref. 23974]). •Valid as Parapercis millepunctata (Günther 1860) -- (Randall et al. 1990:361 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1997:320 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:361 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:213 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:464 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:24 [ref. 25829], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1060 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:391 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:116 [ref. 25868], Randall 2001:3507 [ref. 26283], Nakabo 2002:1060 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:52 [ref. 26830], Imamura & Matsuura 2003:27 [ref. 26802], Myers & Donaldson 2003:638 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:24 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:465 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1491 [ref. 29090], Prokofiev 2008:889 [ref. 29939], Imamura 2009:241 [ref. 30434], Ho & Shao 2010:66 [ref. 31054], Motomura et al. 2010:180 [ref. 31256], Sparks & Baldwin 2012:37 [ref. 31821], Johnson & White 2012:57 [ref. 31991], Allen & Erdmann 2012:756 [ref. 31980], Ho et al. 2014:342 [ref. 33332], Ho 2014:78 [ref. 33574], Fricke et al. 2014:143 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:82 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:249 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:540 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis millepunctata (Günther 1860). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Mauritius (Mascarenes) and Maldives east to Philippines and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

mimaseana, Neopercis Kamohara [T.] 1937:189 [English p. 186], Fig. 3 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 49 (no. 5); ref. 15281] Mimase, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Kamohara "neotype": BSKU 1878. Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:7-8 [ref. 19282]. "Neotype" designation: Kamohara 1961:7-8 [ref. 19282], but neotype designation was not made in a revisory work and is invalid. •Valid as Parapercis mimaseana (Kamohara 1937) -- (Cantwell 1964:254 [ref. 23974], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:290 [ref. 6441], Shen & Lin 1984:16 [ref. 13822], Allen & Swainston 1988:126 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:204 [ref. 23977], Nakabo 2000:1059 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:329 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1059 [ref. 26193], Allen et al. 2006:1492 [ref. 29090]). •Synonym of Parapercis striolata (Weber 1913) -- (Randall et al. 2008:69 [ref. 29575], Ho & Shao 2010:59 [ref. 31054], Ho 2014:581 [ref. 33486]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis striolata (Weber 1913). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

moki, Parapercis Ho [H.-C.] & Johnson [J. W.] 2013:279, Figs. 2A-B [Zootaxa 3620 (no. 2); ref. 32504] Chong-Chou, Kaohsiung, southwestern Taiwan, northern South China Sea, Holotype (unique): NMMB-P0892 [ex. NSYU 1943]. •Valid as Parapercis moki Ho & Johnson 2013 -- (Ho 2014:77 [ref. 33574], Ho 2014:589 [ref. 33486]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis moki Ho & Johnson 2013. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

montillai, Parapercis Martin [C.] & Montalban [H. R.] 1935:224, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Philippine Journal of Science v. 56 (no. 2); ref. 13899] Calapan, [northeastern] Mindoro Island [Oriental Mindoro], Philippines [Verde Island Passage, Sibuyan Sea and South China Sea, western Pacific]. Holotype: BSMP 31284 (destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP 4382 (1, destroyed), 11438 (3, destroyed). Corrected by authors to montillae, see Philipp. J. Sci. 57 (1935):513 -- (Roxas & Martin 1937:242 [ref. 19807]). •Synonym of Parapercis cephalopunctata (Seale 1901) -- (Cantwell 1964:267 [ref. 23974]). •Synonym of Parapercis millepunctata (Günther 1860) based on current placement of cephalopunctata. Current status: Synonym of Parapercis millepunctata (Günther 1860). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

multifasciata, Parapercis Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1884:190 [22], Pl. 6 (figs. 2-2a) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 49 (1. Abth.); ref. 4248] Tokyo, Japan. Syntypes: (several) MZS 655 (1); NMW 76416 (1), 78551 (1), 60832 (2); ?ZMB 12077 (1). Type information (MZS, ZMB) from Amaoka & Fujii 1999:150 [ref. 26515]. •Valid as Parapercis multifasciata Döderlein 1884 -- (Cantwell 1964:251 [ref. 23974], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:291 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:740 [ref. 5660] as multifasciatus, Youn 1998:265 [ref. 25741], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1064 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:329 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1064 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:383, 646 [ref. 26218] as multifasciatus, Shinohara et al. 2005:437 [ref. 28370], Randall 2007:366 [ref. 30952], Ho & Johnson 2013:282 [ref. 32504], Ho 2014:77 [ref. 33574], Sonoyama et al. 2020:96 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis multifasciata Döderlein 1884. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Taiwan north to southern Korea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

multiplicata, Parapercis Randall [J. E.] 1984:48 [42], Figs. 4-5 [Freshwater and Marine Aquarium v. 7 (no. 10); ref. 17263] Off Sesoko Marine Science Laboratory of the University of the Ryukyus, Sesoko Island, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, depth 4 meters. Holotype: BPBM 19060. Paratypes: BMNH 1982.6.17.53 (1); BPBM 19061 (1), 27164 (1); CAS 50894 (1); MNHN 1982-1031 [ex BPBM 27164] (1); NSMT-P 21414 (1); USNM 235921 (1); WAM P.25375-001 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:38 [ref. 30117]. Also appeared in same journal, v. 7 (no. 12):42 [ref. 6067]. See Randall et al. 1990:361 [ref. 15987]. •Valid as Parapercis multiplicata Randall 1984 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:126 [ref. 25477] as multiplacata, Randall et al. 1990:361 [ref. 15987], Ho et al. 1993:9 [ref. 22789], Allen 1997:204 [ref. 23977] as multiplacata, Kuiter 1997:322 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:361 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:213 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:24 [ref. 25829], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1062 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:391 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Randall 2001:3508 [ref. 26283], Nakabo 2002:1062 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:52 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:638 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:465 [ref. 28239], Johnson 2006:52 [ref. 28929], Allen et al. 2006:1492 [ref. 29090], Motomura et al. 2010:180 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:756 [ref. 31980], Ho et al. 2014:342 [ref. 33332], Ho 2014:79 [ref. 33574], Fricke et al. 2019:249 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis multiplicata Randall 1984. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Pitcairn Island, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

muronis, Neopercis Tanaka [S.] 1918:227 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 30 (no. 356); ref. 17357] Tanabe, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 8316. Species described as above in Japanese; later illustrated and described in more detail in English and Japanese in Tanaka 1918:536, Pl. 139 (fig. 390) [ref. 4331]. •Valid as Parapercis muronis (Tanaka 1918) -- (Cantwell 1964:254 [ref. 23974], McCosker 1971:684 [ref. 7692], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:290 [ref. 6441], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1064 [ref. 25182], Randall 2001:3505 [ref. 26283], Shinohara et al. 2001:329 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1064 [ref. 26193], Shinohara et al. 2005:437 [ref. 28370], Johnson 2006:55 [ref. 28929], Ho & Johnson 2013:278 [ref. 32504], Ho 2014:78 [ref. 33574], Motomura et al. 2017:189 [ref. 35490], Johnson & Worthington Wilmer 2018:176 [ref. 35833]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis muronis (Tanaka 1918). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan, Taiwan, Philippines and western Australia. Habitat: marine.

naevosa, Parapercis (Neopercis) Serventy [D. L.] 1937:72, Pl. 2 [Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia v. 23; ref. 17171] Great Australian Bight, South Australia, depth 75 fathoms. Holotype (unique): WAM P.1158-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:34 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:38 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Parapercis allporti (Günther 1876) -- (Cantwell 1964:257 [ref. 23974]). •Valid as Parapercis naevosa Serventy 1937 -- (Johnson & Randall 2006:57 [ref. 28930], Allen et al. 2006:1492 [ref. 29090], Johnson 2008:673 [ref. 30656]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis naevosa Serventy 1937. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Australia: South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

natator, Parapercis Randall [J. E.], Senou [H.] & Yoshino [T.] 2008:78, Figs. 6-10 [Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Ser. A) Supplement No. 2; ref. 29575] Izu Oceanic Park, Sagami Bay, Japan, depth 40 meters. Holotype: URM-P 4177 [ex IK 361]. Paratypes: BPBM 35226 (1); KPM-NI 29 (1), 5357 (1); NSMT-P 78772 [ex KPM-NI 5358] (1). •Valid as Parapercis natator Randall, Senou & Yoshino 2008 -- (Motomura et al. 2010:180 [ref. 31256], Ho 2013:298 [ref. 32980]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis natator Randall, Senou & Yoshino 2008. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

nebulosa, Percis Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:349 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Shark Bay, Western Australia. Holotype: MNHN A-3105. Non-types: MNHN A-5420 (1), A-5424 (1), A-3104 (1). Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:260 [ref. 4879] uses this name, with reference to this holotype, but without indicating that the name was proposed earlier. •Valid as Parapercis nebulosa (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Cantwell 1964:261 [ref. 23974], Dor 1984:220 [ref. 29757], Randall & Stroud 1985:93 [ref. 9397], Allen & Swainston 1988:126 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:362 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:315 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:57 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:204 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:322 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:362 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:745 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Randall 2001:3508 [ref. 26283] dated 1824, Heemstra 2004:3338 [ref. 27945], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:345 [ref. 28867], Johnson & Randall 2006:58 [ref. 28930], Allen et al. 2006:1492 [ref. 29090], Ho & Shao 2010:59 [ref. 31054], Larson et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32988], Ali et al. 2018:336 [ref. 36183]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis nebulosa (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Shark Bay (Western Australia) to Northern Territory, east to southern Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

nicthemera, Percis Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:274 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] New Zealand. •Doubtful status -- (Cantwell 1964:245 [ref. 23974]). •Synonym of Parapercis colias (Forster 1801). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis colias (Forster 1801). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

nigrodorsalis, Parapercis Johnson [J. W.], Struthers [C. D.] & Worthington Wilmer [J.] 2014:487, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 3856 (no. 4); ref. 33468] Ranfurly Bank, 37°32.782'S, 178°53.415'E, New Zealand, depth 68-70 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.052461. Paratypes: AMS, CSIRO, NMNZ, NMV. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Parapercis nigrodorsalis Johnson, Struthers & Worthington Wilmer 2014. Current status: Valid as Parapercis nigrodorsalis Johnson, Struthers & Worthington Wilmer 2014. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Norfolk Ridge to North Island of New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

nipponensis, Parapercis Kamohara [T.] 1936:933 [English p. 929], Fig. 4 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 48 (no. 11); ref. 2550] Off Kochi Province in Shikoku, Japan. Holotype (unique): BSKU (lost). Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:1 [ref. 19282]. •Synonym of Parapercis tetracantha (Lacepède 1801) -- (Cantwell 1964:271 [ref. 23974]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis tetracantha (Lacepède 1801). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

novaecambriae, Percis Ogilby [J. D.] 1885:228 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 10 (pt 2); ref. 3262] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS B.6696-97 (1, 1). Originally as novae-cambriae, change mandatory. •Synonym of Parapercis ramsayi (Steindachner 1883) -- (Cantwell 1964:249 [ref. 23974], Allen et al. 2006:1493 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis ramsayi (Steindachner 1883). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

numida, Pseudopercis Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1903:184 [41] [Boletim Sociedade Nacional Agricultura, Rio de Janeiro [Lavoura] 1903 (nos 4-7); ref. 3709] East-southeast of Ilha Rasa, off coast of Brazil, depth 100 meters. Holotype (unique): MNRJ 2237. Type catalog: Miranda Ribeiro 1955:402 [ref. 12732]. On p. 41 of separate. •Valid as Pseudopercis numida Miranda Ribeiro 1903 -- (Rosa & Rosa 1998:860 [ref. 25850], Figueiredo et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:94 [ref. 27192]). Current status: Valid as Pseudopercis numida Miranda Ribeiro 1903. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

ocellata, Percis Cuvier [G.] 1829:153 (footnote 1) [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] No locality. On Renard 1754: pl. 6, no. 42, which is Parapercis robinsoni Fowler 1929 (Pietsch 1995:125 [ref 26080]). See also Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:270 [ref. 4879]. •Doubtful status -- (Cantwell 1964:245 [ref. 23974]). •Synonym of Parapercis robinsoni Fowler 1929 -- (see Pietsch 1995:125 [ref. 26080]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis robinsoni Fowler 1929. Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

ocularis, Parapercis Waite [E. R.] 1899:109, Pl. 24 [Memoirs of the Australian Museum, Sydney v. 4 (pt 1); ref. 4557] Newcastle Bight to near Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia, depth 30-34 fathoms. Syntypes: (several) AMS I.3935 (1), I.3938 (1). •Synonym of Parapercis allporti (Günther 1876) -- (Cantwell 1964:255 [ref. 23974], Allen et al. 2006:1489 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis allporti (Günther 1876). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

okamurai, Parapercis Kamohara [T.] 1960:9, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Reports of the Usa Marine Biological Station v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 2556] Mimase, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: BSKU 8872. Paratypes: BSKU 8917 (1). Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:8 [ref. 19282]. •Valid as Parapercis okamurai Kamohara 1960 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:291 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1063 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:329 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1063 [ref. 26193], Chen et al. 2014:232 [ref. 33153], Ho 2014:581 [ref. 33486], Ho 2014:77 [ref. 33574]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis okamurai Kamohara 1960. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

ommatura, Parapercis Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1902:465, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 24 (no. 1263); ref. 2513] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 6540. Paratypes or additional material: MCZ 29001 (3), CAS-SU 6712 (23), 7013 (10); USNM 50260 (1), 179803 [ex CAS-SU 6712] (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:90 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Parapercis ommatura Jordan & Snyder 1902 -- (Cantwell 1964:265 [ref. 23974], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:291 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1061 [ref. 25182], Shimizu 2001:35 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:1061 [ref. 26193], Imamura & Yoshino 2007:85 [ref. 31562], Prokofiev 2008:882 [ref. 29939], Ho 2014:79 [ref. 33574], Matsunuma et al. 2016:194 [ref. 34947], Johnson & Motomura 2017:126 [ref. 35593], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:243 [ref. 36460], Psomadakis et al. 2020:541 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:96 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis ommatura Jordan & Snyder 1902. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, northwestern Pacific: Myanmar; northern Vietnam, southern China and Taiwan to southern and central Japan. Habitat: marine.

pacifica, Parapercis Imamura [H.] & Yoshino [T.] 2007:88, Figs. 3B, 6-7, 8A [Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Ser. A) Supplement No. 1; ref. 29105] Sakinome Beach, Amami-oshima Island, Ryukyu Islands, 28°11.2'N, 129°16'E, depth 5 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 34936. Paratypes: BMNH 1913.12.9.80 (2), BSKU 54737 (1), 56592 (1), 57239 (1); HUMZ 39704 (1); NSMT-P 41458 (1), 70980 (2); URM-P 11551 (1), 15063 (1), 23500 (1), 29755 (1), 29933 (1), 34839 (1); USNM 228413 (2), 309434 (4); WAM P29046-007 (1). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Not treated by Moore et al. 2008 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Parapercis pacifica Imamura & Yoshino 2007 -- (Motomura et al. 2010:180 [ref. 31256], Sparks & Baldwin 2012:37 [ref. 31821], Ho 2014:79 [ref. 33574], Koeda et al. 2016:82 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:14 [ref. 35354]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis pacifica Imamura & Yoshino 2007. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan and Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

pariomaculata, Parapercis Johnson [J. W.] & White [W. T.] 2012:61, Fig. 2 [Zootaxa No. 3319; ref. 31991] Tanjung Luar fish landing site, southeast coast of Lombok, Indonesia, 8°45'S, 116°35'E. Holotype: MZB LM589. Paratypes: BPBM 20914 (2), 29875 (1); CSIRO H 7304-01 (1), H 7034-02 (1); QM I.38952 (1). •Valid as Parapercis pariomaculata Johnson & White 2012. •Synonym of Parapercis bimacula Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Ho et al. 2014:336 [ref. 33332]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis bimacula Allen & Erdmann 2012. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Lombok and Bali, Indonesia (if valid). Habitat: marine.

phenax, Parapercis Randall [J. E.] & Yamakawa [T.] 2006:2, Figs. 1-5 [Zoological Studies v. 45 (no. 1); ref. 28630] Palau-Kyushu Ridge, 26°46'N, 135°22'E, depth 320-395 meters. Holotype: BSKU 29292. Paratypes: BSKU 26207 (1), 26239 (1), 28956 (1), 29312 (1); NSMT-P 69429; plus additional paratypes at AMS, ASIZP, BMNH, BPBM, BSKU, CAS, USNM. •Valid as Parapercis phenax Randall & Yamakawa 2006 -- (Randall et al. 2008:69 [ref. 29575]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis phenax Randall & Yamakawa 2006. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Palau-Kyushu Ridge, western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pleurostigma, Percis Liénard [F.] in Sauvage 1891:317 [Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar; ref. 14503] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean; Zanzibar; Jakarta, Java. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Based on literature sources, especially the 'Percis à taches aux flancs' of Liénard 1839:32 [ref. 17536] and Liénard 1840:297 [ref. 30337]. •Synonym of Parapercis xanthozona (Bleeker 1849) -- (Cantwell 1964:273 [ref. 23974]). •Synonym of Parapercis punctulata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Fricke 1999:465 [ref. 24106], Imamura & Matsuura 2003:31 [ref. 26802]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis punctulata (Cuvier 1829). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

plumbeus, Pinguipes Philippi [R. A.] in Delfin 1899:20 [Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (Santiago) v. 3; ref. 17394] Not available as above; no distinguishing features provided. Pinguipedidae.

pogonoskii, Parapercis Johnson [J. W.] & Worthington Wilmer [J.] 2018:169, Figs. 1, 4A-C [Zootaxa 4388 (no. 2); ref. 35833] West of Shark Bay, WA, Australia, 24°51.9'S, 112°13.9'E to 25°07.8'S, 112°09.4'E, depth 261-299 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H.6426-09. Paratypes: AMS, CSIRO. •Valid as Parapercis pogonoskii Johnson & Worthington Wilmer 2018. Current status: Valid as Parapercis pogonoskii Johnson & Worthington Wilmer 2018. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

polyophtalma, Percis Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:272 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. No types known. •Valid as Parapercis polyophtalma (Cuvier 1829) -- (Cantwell 1964:270 [ref. 23974], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:291 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:739 [ref. 5660] as polyophthalma, Randall et al. 1990:360 [ref. 15987], Randall 1995:305 [ref. 22896], Nakabo 2000:1060 [ref. 25182], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122] as polyophthalma, Sadovy & Cornish 2000:153 [ref. 25480] as polyophthalma, Iwatsuki et al. 2000:103 [ref. 26368], Nakabo 2002:1060 [ref. 26193] as periophtalma). •Synonym of Parapercis hexophtalma (Cuvier 1829) -- (Dor 1984:220 [ref. 29757] as hexophthalma, Randall 2005:464 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1491 [ref. 29090], Imamura & Yoshino 2007:82 [ref. 29105] as hecophtalma, Ho & Shao 2010:59 [ref. 31054], Golani & Fricke 2018:134 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis hexophtalma (Cuvier 1829). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

pterostigma, Parapercis Jenkins [O. P.] 1901:402, Fig. 15 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 19 (1899); ref. 2340] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 49701. Paratypes: CAS-SU 23334 (? 1 of 2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:90 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Parapercis schauinslandii (Steindachner 1900) -- (Cantwell 1964:257 [ref. 23974] as schauinslandi, Mundy 2005:457 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis schauinslandii (Steindachner 1900). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

pulchella, Percis Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:24, Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D750 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH D751-752 (2, stuffed), 416 (8). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:38 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Parapercis maculata (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Randall 1995:305 [ref. 22896], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:155 [ref. 25480]). •Valid as Parapercis pulchella (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Cantwell 1964:264 [ref. 23974], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:291 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:740 [ref. 5660], Chen et al. 1997:146 [ref. 26476], Youn 1998:265 [ref. 25741], Nakabo 2000:1062 [ref. 25182], Shimizu 2001:36 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:1062 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:383, 646 [ref. 26218], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:43 [ref. 27712], Randall 2008:167, 171 [ref. 29931], Prokofiev 2010:588 [ref. 31007], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:429 [ref. 33460], Ho 2014:79 [ref. 33574], Johnson & Motomura 2017:126 [ref. 35593], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:244 [ref. 36460], Sonoyama et al. 2020:96 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis pulchella (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: northern Vietnam, southern China and Taiwan to southern and central Japan. Habitat: marine.

punctata, Percis Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:264 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Locality unknown [western Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-3106. •Doubtful status -- (Cantwell 1964:245 [ref. 23974]). •Valid as Parapercis punctata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Fricke 1999:465 [ref. 24106], Fricke et al. 2009:92 [ref. 30213], Sparks & Baldwin 2012:37 [ref. 31821], Fricke et al. 2013:268 [ref. 32706], Ho 2013:293 [ref. 32980]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis punctata (Cuvier 1829). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique Channel, Aldabra, Réunion (western Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

punctulata, Percis Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:265 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Doubtful status -- (Cantwell 1964:245 [ref. 23974]). •Valid as Parapercis punctulata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Heemstra 1986:740 [ref. 5660], Johnson 2006:52 [ref. 28929], Fricke 1999:465 [ref. 24106], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:377 [ref. 28072], Randall 2008:168 [ref. 29931], Fricke et al. 2009:93 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:302 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:92 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis punctulata (Cuvier 1829). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) to Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes. Habitat: marine.

quadrispinosus, Percis Weber [M.] 1913:519 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 5949. Replacement name for (or based on) Percis tetracanthus Bleeker 1853 (not the same as Parapercis tetracanthus (Lacepède 1801)). Lectotype selected by Johnson & White 2012:59 [ref. 31991]. •Un uncertain species in Parapercis -- (Ho & Shao 2010:59 [ref. 31054]). •Synonym of Parapercis clathrata Ogilby 1910 -- (Johnson & White 2012:59 [ref. 31991]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis clathrata Ogilby 1910. Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

queenslandica, Parapercis Imamura [H.] & Yoshino [T.] 2007:92, Figs. 3C, 8B, 9 [Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Ser. A) Supplement No. 1; ref. 29105] One Tree Island, Capricorn Group, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.15627-025. Paratypes: AMS I.11964 (1), I.15610-004 (1), I.20527-001 (1), I.23708-089 (1), I.125113-085 (1), IB.3108 (1); HUMZ 193572 [ex AMS I.I25113-085] (1); NSMT-P 70981 [ex AMS I.20527-001] (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Parapercis queenslandica Imamura & Yoshino 2007 -- (Sparks & Baldwin 2012:37 [ref. 31821]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis queenslandica Imamura & Yoshino 2007. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Queensland, Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

ramsayi, Percis Steindachner [F.] 1883:194 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse v. 20 (no. 22); ref. 20488] St. Vincent Gulf, South Australia. Syntypes: (several) whereabouts unknown. Species originally spelled as above, but later listed as Parapercis ramsayi when described in more detail in the main work (Steindachner 1884:1072 [p. 8 of separate] [ref. 4234]). •Valid as Parapercis ramsayi (Steindachner 1883) -- (Cantwell 1964:249 [ref. 23974], McCosker 1971:684 [ref. 7692], Kuiter 1993:315 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:713 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:322 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1493 [ref. 29090], Johnson 2008:673 [ref. 30656], Allen & Erdmann 2017:16 [ref. 35514], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis ramsayi (Steindachner 1883). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

randalli, Parapercis Ho [H.-C.] & Shao [K.-T.] 2010:60, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 2690; ref. 31054] Kening, Pingtung, southern end of Taiwan, depth 5-70 meters. Holotype: NMMBP 10462. Paratypes: NMMBP 10463 (2); QM I/38817 (1). •Valid as Parapercis randalli Ho & Shao 2010 -- (Ho et al. 2012:163 [ref. 31812], Hibino et al. 2013:130 [ref. 33258], Chen et al. 2014:230 [ref. 33153], Ho 2014:78 [ref. 33574]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis randalli Ho & Shao 2010. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Taiwan and Japan. Habitat: marine.

robinsoni, Parapercis Fowler [H. W.] 1929:261, Fig. 5 (top) [Annals of the Natal Museum v. 6 (pt 2); ref. 1403] KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Neotype: ANSP 53451. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:129 [ref. 13621] as not found at ANSP; "ANSP 53451 under above name and locality but dated 1931 and smaller than the described holotype, might serve for future neotype". Neotype selected by Randall & Stroud 1985:93 [ref. 9397]. •Synonym of Parapercis nebulosa (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Cantwell 1964:261 [ref. 23974]). •Valid as Parapercis robinsoni Fowler 1929 -- (Randall & Stroud 1985:96 [ref. 9397], Heemstra 1986:740 [ref. 5660], Randall 1995:306 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:206 [ref. 23922], Fricke 1999:466 [ref. 24106], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Heemstra 2004:3338 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:379 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2009:93 [ref. 30213], Sparks & Baldwin 2012:37 [ref. 31821], Ho et al. 2014:342 [ref. 33332], Psomadakis et al. 2015:301 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:336 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:302 [ref. 35805], Jawad et al. 2018:121 [ref. 36262], Eagderi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:92 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis robinsoni Fowler 1929. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and Réunion (western Mascarenes) and Persian Gulf east to Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

rosea, Parapercis Fourmanoir [P.] 1985:37, Fig. 2 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Serie A Zoologie v. 133 (art. 2); ref. 8092] Philippines, 13°55'N, 120°20'E, depth 85-90 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1984-0431 [not 0031]. Paratypes: BPBM 29666 (1). Posible types: MNHN 1984-04342 (2). Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Parapercis by Percis rosea Sauvage 1891. Replaced by Parapercis rufa Randall 2001. Original description mentions 4 specimens, but only 2 are listed with catalog numbers; data provided for the holotype. •Objective synonym of Parapercis rufa Randall 2001 -- (Ho & Causse 2012:38 [ref. 32038], Ho 2015:255 [ref. 33919]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis rufa Randall 2001. Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

rosea, Percis Liénard [F.] in Sauvage 1891:317 [Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar; ref. 14503] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Based on 'Percis rosé' of Liénard 1839:33 [ref. 17536] and Liénard 1840:297 [ref. 30337]; description quoted from Liénard. •Synonym of Parapercis punctulata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Fricke 1999:464 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis punctulata (Cuvier 1829). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

roseoviridis, Neopercis Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:643, Pl. 83 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Off northeastern coast of Maui Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4077, depth 99-106 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51650. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8644 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:89-90 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Parapercis multifasciata Döderlein 1884 -- (Cantwell 1964:251 [ref. 23974]). •Valid as Parapercis roseoviridis (Gilbert 1905) -- (Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1982:253, 385 [ref. 8256], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:290 [ref. 6441], Bañón et al. 2000:411 [ref. 25161], Nakabo 2000:1062 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1062 [ref. 26193], Mundy & Parrish 2004:412 [ref. 27877], Mundy 2005:456 [ref. 28379], Randall & Yamakawa 2006:1 [ref. 28630], Randall 2007:366 [ref. 30952], Prokofiev 2010:588 [ref. 31007], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2768 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis roseoviridis (Gilbert 1905). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western and central North Pacific: Kyushu-Palau Ridge, Johnston Atoll, Hawaiian Ridge, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

rubricaudalis, Parapercis Johnson [J. W.] & Motomura [H.] 2017:126, Fig. 2 [Zootaxa 4320 (no. 1); ref. 35593] Northwest of Cape Leveque, Western Australia, 15°47.57'S, 121°03.5'E to 15°48.5'S, 121°02.89'E, depth 111-119 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H.6596-01. Paratypes: AMS, CSIRO, NMV. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Parapercis rubricaudalis Johnson & Motomura 2017 -- (Psomadakis et al. 2020:541 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis rubricaudalis Johnson & Motomura 2017. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Myanmar; Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

rubromaculata, Parapercis Ho [H.-C.], Chang [C.-H.] & Shao [K.-T.] 2012:168, Figs. 5A-D, 6A-C [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 60 (no. 1); ref. 31812] Hengchun, Pingtung, southern Taiwan, northern part of the South China Sea, depth 50-150 meters (market purchase) [as 50-80 meters on p. 171]. Holotype: NMMB-P12365. Paratypes: NMMB-P12636 (1), P12637 (1); QM I.38836 (1). •Valid as Parapercis rubromaculata Ho, Chang & Shao 2012 -- (Chen et al. 2014:230 [ref. 33153], Ho 2014:71 [ref. 33574], Johnson & Worthington Wilmer 2018:176 [ref. 35833]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis rubromaculata Ho, Chang & Shao 2012. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Taiwan and western Australia. Habitat: marine.

rufa, Parapercis Randall [J. E.] 2001:3505 [ ref. 26283] Philippines, northeastern Lubang Island, 13°55'N, 120°19.59'E, depth 85-90 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1984-0031. Paratypes: BPBM 29666 (1). Replacement name for Parapercis rosea Fourmanoir 1985, a junior homonym of Parapercis rosea (Liénard 1829). •Valid as Parapercis rufa Randall 2001 -- (Ho & Causse 2012:39 [ref. 32038], Ho 2014:78 [ref. 33574], Ho 2015:255 [ref. 33919]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis rufa Randall 2001. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

sagma, Parapercis Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2012:1154, Figs. 1-3 [Reef fishes of the East Indies.; ref. 31980] Palau Panjang, 2°58.560'S, 132°17.732'E, Fakfak Peninsula, Papua Barat Province, Indonesia, depth 60 meters. Holotype: MZB 20597. Paratypes: BPBM 40709 (1), WAM P.33090.9-011 (1). •Valid as Parapercis sagma Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:756 [ref. 31980], Ho 2015:269 [ref. 33919], Fricke et al. 2019:250 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis sagma Allen & Erdmann 2012. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Fakfak Peninsula, West Papua (Indonesia), New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

schauinslandii, Percis Steindachner [F.] 1900:175 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 37 (no. 16) (for 21 June 1900); ref. 20498] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): UMB 162 [RK UMB 4570]. Type catalog: Wahlert 1955:325 [ref. 21527]. Species later illustrated and described in detail in Steindachner 1900:496, Pl. 3 (fig. 5) [ref. 14892]; on p. 14 of separate. •Valid as Parapercis schauinslandii [sometimes as schauinslandi] (Steindachner 1900) -- (Cantwell 1964:257 [ref. 23974], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:292 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:741 [ref. 5660], Randall et al. 1990:362 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1997:322 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:362 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:213 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:24 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:92 [ref. 37268] as schauinslandi, Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1059 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:391 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:18 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Randall 2001:3508 [ref. 26283], Nakabo 2002:1059 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:52 [ref. 26830] as schauinslandi, Myers & Donaldson 2003:638 [ref. 27495] as schauinslandi, Lobel & Lobel 2004:75 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:24 [ref. 27624] as schauinslandi, Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:379 [ref. 28072] as schauinslandi, Randall 2005:466 [ref. 28239] as schauinslandi, Mundy 2005:457 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1493 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:367 [ref. 30952], Randall et al. 2008:82 [ref. 29575], Randall 2008:168 [ref. 29931], Prokofiev 2008:888 [ref. 29939], Motomura et al. 2010:180 [ref. 31256], Sparks & Baldwin 2012:37 [ref. 31821], Allen & Erdmann 2012:757 [ref. 31980], Ho 2013:298 [ref. 32980], Ho 2014:78 [ref. 33574], Ho 2015:268 [ref. 33919], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis schauinslandii (Steindachner 1900). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: western Indian Ocean east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Island, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

sebae, Bodianus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:335 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality. Based on Seba, 1759: pl. 27 (fig. 16). •Synonym of Parapercis cylindrica (Bloch 1792) -- (Cantwell 1964:262 [ref. 23974]). •Synonym of Parapercis tetracanthus (Lacepède 1800) -- (Randall 2003:3 [ref. 27690]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis tetracantha (Lacepède 1801). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

semifasciata, Percis Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:276, Pl. 62 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-7763 (not found in 1967). •Doubtful status -- (Cantwell 1964:245 [ref. 23974]). •Valid as Pseudopercis semifasciata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:268 [ref. 14235] as semifasciatus, Andreata & Séret 1996:588 [ref. 16204] as Perseudopercis, Rosa & Rosa 1998:858 [ref. 25850], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:132 [ref. 25942], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:94 [ref. 27192], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Nión et al. 2016:51 [ref. 35565], Spier et al. 2018:15 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Pseudopercis semifasciata (Cuvier 1829). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

sexfasciata, Percis Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:23, 25 [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D746 (dry). Paralectotypes: RMNH 415 (1), D745 (1, dry), D747 (1, dry), 4836 (1) Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:39 [ref. 12876]. RMNH 4836 is not this species according to Liao et al. 2011:40 [ref. 31295]. •Valid as Parapercis sexfasciata (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Cantwell 1964:252 [ref. 23974], McCosker 1971:684 [ref. 7692], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:290 [ref. 6441], Chen et al. 1997:147 [ref. 26476], Youn 1998:265 [ref. 25741], Nakabo 2000:1063 [ref. 25182], Shimizu 2001:36 [ref. 25799], Shinohara et al. 2001:329 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1063 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:383, 646 [ref. 26218] as sexfasciatus, Shinohara et al. 2005:437 [ref. 28370] as sexfasciatus, Liao et al. 2011:32 [ref. 31295], Ho 2014:77 [ref. 33574], Sonoyama et al. 2020:96 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis sexfasciata (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, China and taiwan north to Korea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

sexlorata, Parapercis Johnson [J. W.] 2006:52, Figs. 3-4 [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 63 (no. 1); ref. 28929] East of Cape Morton, 27°03.58'S, 153°31.57'E, Queensland, Australia, depth 86 meters. Holotype: QM I.33274. Paratypes: AMS I.22873-004 (1), I.31484-006 (1), I.37977-002 (2), I.40445-004 (1); QM I.37579 (1) •Valid as Parapercis sexlorata Johnson 2006 -- (Ho & Johnson 2013:281 [ref. 32504]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis sexlorata Johnson 2006. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Eastern Australia: Queensland and New South Wales. Habitat: marine.

shaoi, Parapercis Randall [J. E.] 2008:171, Fig. 15 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. No. 19; ref. 29931] Off Nanfangao, 24.5818°N, 121.8668°E, I-Lan County, northeastern Taiwan. Holotype: ASIZP 65966. Paratypes: ASIZP 66064 (1), BMNH 2007.9.13.1 (1), BPBM 40667 (1), BSKU 91321 (1), USNM 391495 (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:51 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Parapercis shaoi Randall 2008 -- (Prokofiev 2010:587 [ref. 31007], Ho & Shao 2011:51 [ref. 31432], Ho et al. 2012:163 [ref. 31812], Ho 2014:71 [ref. 33574], Johnson & Motomura 2017:126 [ref. 35593], Yosuva et al. 2020:563 [ref. 37560]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis shaoi Randall 2008. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

signata, Parapercis Randall [J. E.] 1984:52 [46], Figs. 6-8 [Freshwater and Marine Aquarium v. 7 (no. 10); ref. 17263] Lagoon, western side of Villingili Island, North Male Atoll, Maldives, depth 32 meters. Holotype: BPBM 18045. Paratypes: BMNH 1982.6.17.52 (1), BPBM 18044 (1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 17148 (1), USNM 235920 (1). Also appeared in same journal, v. 7 (no. 12):46 [ref. 6067]. •Valid as Parapercis signata Randall 1984 -- (Johnson 2006:52 [ref. 28929], Johnson & Motomura 2017:126 [ref. 35593]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis signata Randall 1984. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

simulata, Parapercis Schultz [L. P.] 1968:5, Pl. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 124 (no. 3636); ref. 7916] Somalia coast, northwestern Indian Ocean, 11°04'N, 51°15'E, depth 76-80 meters. Holotype: USNM 200760. Paratypes: USNM 200759 (2), 200761 (11), 231709 (1). •Valid as Parapercis simulata Schultz 1968 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:234 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:220 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:57 [ref. 25356], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:429 [ref. 33460], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:134 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis simulata Schultz 1968. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Southern Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Somalia. Habitat: marine.

smithii, Percis Regan [C. T.] 1905:325 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 16; ref. 15386] Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean, depth 15-30 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1904.5.25.84-85 (2). •In the genus Parapercis Bleeker 1863. Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

snyderi, Parapercis Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1905:210, Fig. 10 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 28 (no. 1391); ref. 2530] Korea. Holotype: USNM 51498. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8643 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:90 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Parapercis snyderi Jordan & Starks 1905 -- (Cantwell 1964:264 [ref. 23974], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:291 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:363 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1997:363 [ref. 25919], Youn 1998:265 [ref. 25741], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1060 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:155 [ref. 25480], Shinohara et al. 2000:181 [ref. 25987], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Randall 2001:3509 [ref. 26283], Nakabo 2002:1060 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:383, 647 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:52 [ref. 26830], Randall 2003:16 [ref. 27690], Randall 2005:466 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1493 [ref. 29090], Prokofiev 2008:885 [ref. 29939], Imamura 2009:242 [ref. 30434], Motomura et al. 2010:181 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:757 [ref. 31980], Ho 2014:77 [ref. 33574], Fricke et al. 2014:144 [ref. 33932], Ho & Heden 2017:569 [ref. 35671], Fricke et al. 2019:250 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:541 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:97 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis snyderi Jordan & Starks 1905. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar and Indonesia east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Korea, southern and central Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

soliorta, Parapercis Johnson [J. W.] & Motomura [H.] 2017:122, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa 4320 (no. 1); ref. 35593] Off Iloilo, Panay Island, Philippines, ca. 10°41'N, 122°35'E. Holotype (unique): KAUM-I.52626. •Valid as Parapercis soliorta Johnson & Motomura 2017. Current status: Valid as Parapercis soliorta Johnson & Motomura 2017. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Panay Island, Philippines. Habitat: marine.

somaliensis, Parapercis Schultz [L. P.] 1968:10, Pl. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 124 (no. 3636); ref. 7916] Off Somalia coast, northwestern Indian Ocean, 11°52'N, 51°14'E, depth 50-70 meters. Holotype: USNM 200751. Paratypes: USNM 200750 (2). •Valid as Parapercis somaliensis Schultz 1968 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:291 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:741 [ref. 5660], Baranes & Golani 1993:309 [ref. 22372], Nakabo 2000:1062 [ref. 25182], Randall 2001:3509 [ref. 26283], Nakabo 2002:1062 [ref. 26193] [misidentification], Allen & Adrim 2003:52 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S116 [ref. 27377], Allen et al. 2006:1493 [ref. 29090], Randall et al. 2008:77 [ref. 29575], Randall 2008:159, 174 [ref. 29931], Prokofiev 2010:587 [ref. 31007], Ho et al. 2012:163 [ref. 31812], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:429 [ref. 33460], Golani & Fricke 2018:134 [ref. 36273], Yosuva et al. 2020:563 [ref. 37560]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis somaliensis Schultz 1968. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Somalia. Habitat: marine.

somnambula, Pinguipes Berg [C.] 1895:61 [Anales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Buenos Aires v. 4; ref. 261] Mar del Plata, Atlantic coast of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. Holotype (unique): MACN 6622. Type catalog: Braga & Piacentino 1994:106 [ref. 23697]. •Synonym of Pseudopercis semifasciata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Rosa & Rosa 1998:858 [ref. 25850], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:132 [ref. 25942]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudopercis semifasciata (Cuvier 1829). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

speciosus, Chaetodon Gmelin [J. F.] (ex Broussonet) 1789:1269 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Name only as Chaetodonton "speciosi", not available. •Mentioned by Bauchot 1963:129 [ref. 20718] as Chaetodon speciosus [not available from Bauchot -- not used as a valid name]. Pinguipedidae.

stricticeps, Percis De Vis [C. W.] 1884:545 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4899] Southport, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.1708. •Synonym of Parapercis xanthozona (Bleeker 1849) -- (Cantwell 1964:273 [ref. 23974]). •Valid as Parapercis stricticeps (De Vis 1884) -- (Kuiter 1993:316 [ref. 23929], Kuiter 1997:322 [ref. 25488], Johnson 1999:745 [ref. 25471], Johnson & Randall 2006:57 [ref. 28930], Allen et al. 2006:1494 [ref. 29090], Ho et al. 2014:342 [ref. 33332]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis stricticeps (De Vis 1884). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Eastern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

striolata, Neopercis Weber [M.] 1913:520, Pl. 6 (fig. 2) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Near Kai Islands, 5°40'S, 132°26'E, Siboga station 254, depth 310 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMA 112463. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:93 [ref. 19236]. •Doubtful status -- (Cantwell 1964:245 [ref. 23974]). •Valid as Parapercis striolata (Weber 1913) -- (Randall 2001:3505 [ref. 26283], Larson et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32988], Ho 2014:581 [ref. 33486], Ho 2014:77 [ref. 33574]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis striolata (Weber 1913). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Indonesia, Japan, Philippines, Taiwan and Northern Territory (Australia). Habitat: marine.

synaphodesmus, Chilias Fowler [H. W.] 1946:212, Fig. 38 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 98; ref. 1456] Aguni Shima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): ANSP 72085. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:129 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Parapercis cylindrica (Bloch 1792) -- (Cantwell 1964:262 [ref. 23974], Randall 2003:2 [ref. 27690]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis cylindrica (Bloch 1792). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

tesselata, Neopercis Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1951:344 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 79 (no. 3); ref. 11042] Manila Bay, 16 kilometers northeast of Corregidor, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 202509 [ex UW 10298]. Type catalog: Meldrim & Wadley 1968:873 [ref. 31181]. •Synonym of Parapercis alboguttata (Günther 1872) -- (Cantwell 1964:258 [ref. 23974]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis alboguttata (Günther 1872). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

tessellata, Perca Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:353 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Based on Seba 1759, Pl. 27 (fig. 16). Parenti 2003:500 [ref. 27322] serves as first reviser selecting Sciaena cylindrica Bloch 1792 as having priority over Perca tessellata Walbaum 1792. •Synonym of Parapercis cylindrica (Bloch 1792) -- (Parenti 2003:500 [ref. 27322]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis cylindrica (Bloch 1792). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

tetracanthus, Bodianus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:285, 302 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] No locality. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:13 [ref. 19171]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Parapercis by Labrus tetracanthus Lacepède 1801; replaced by Parapercis clathrata Ogilby 1910. •Synonym of Parapercis clathrata Ogilby 1910 -- (Cantwell 1964:268 [ref. 23974], Randall 2005:464 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1490 [ref. 29090], Johnson & White 2012:58 [ref. 31991]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis clathrata Ogilby 1910. Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

tetracanthus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:428, 473 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-3109 (not found). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:100 [ref. 19171]. Illustrated on Pl. 13 (fig. 3) of v. 2, 1800 [ref. 2709] but without caption. See Table on p. 9 of v. 3 for caption to figure. •Valid as Parapercis tetracantha (Lacepède 1801) -- (Cantwell 1964:271 [ref. 23974], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:291 [ref. 6441], Myers 1999:213 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:92 [ref. 37268] as tetracanthus, Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1061 [ref. 25182], Randall 2001:3509 [ref. 26283] dated 1802, Nakabo 2002:1061 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:52 [ref. 26830], Imamura 2009:242 [ref. 30434], Motomura et al. 2010:181 [ref. 31256], Ho et al. 2014:342 [ref. 33332], Ho 2014:78 [ref. 33574], Fricke et al. 2014:144 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2015:27 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:83 [ref. 35333], Psomadakis et al. 2020:542 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis tetracantha (Lacepède 1801). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Bay of Bengal (India), Myanmar and Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) east to Indonesia, north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

tetracanthus, Percis Bleeker [P.] 1853:458 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 336] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 5949 (141 mm SL). Paralectypes: RMNH 5949 (1). Not the same as Percis tetracanthus (Lacepède 1801). Parapercis quadrispinosa (Weber 1813) apparently is a replacement name. Lectotype selected by Johnson & White 2012:59 [ref. 31991]. •Synonym of Parapercis clathrata Ogilby 1910 -- (Johnson & White 2012:58 [ref. 31991]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis clathrata Ogilby 1910. Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

trispilota, Parapercis Schultz [L. P.] 1968:13, Pl. 4 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 124 (no. 3636); ref. 7916] Curieuse Island, just southeast of point forming southern end of Laraie Bay, Seychelles Islands, Indian Ocean, depth about 9 meters. Holotype: USNM 200721. Paratypes: ANSP 126938 [ex USNM 200724] (3); 126939 [ex USNM 200725] (1), 126946 [ex USNM 200727] (1), 126948 [ex USNM 200723] (1), 126956 [ex USNM 200726] (1), 126962 [ex USNM 200722] (3), 126963 [ex USNM 200719] (1); USNM 200722-27 (all now 0). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:129 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Parapercis punctulata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Heemstra 1986:740 [ref. 5660], Imamura & Matsuura 2003:31 [ref. 26802]). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis punctulata (Cuvier 1829). Pinguipedidae. Habitat: marine.

trispinosa, Simipercis Johnson [J. W.] & Randall [J. E.] 2006:58, Figs. 1a-e, 2a-d [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 63 (no. 1); ref. 28930] East of Noosa, 26°24'S, 153°35'E, Queensland, depth 104 meters. Holotype: QM I.32697. Paratypes: Many lots at AMS, BMNH, BPBM, CAS, CSIRO, NSMT, QM, USNM. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Simipercis trispinosa Johnson & Randall 2006. Current status: Valid as Simipercis trispinosa Johnson & Randall 2006. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Queensland and northern New South Wales, Australia. Habitat: marine.

ventromaculata, Parapercis Manilo [L. G.] 1990:1016 [151], Figs. 1-2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 30 (no. 6); ref. 20153] Male Island, Maldives. Holotype: ZMUAS 105041 [= 4224]. Paratypes: ZMUAS 105042 [= 4224a] (1). Type information: Manilo 1997:95 [ref. 22869]. On p. 151 of English translation. •Synonym of Parapercis signatus [sic] Randall 1984 -- (Randall & McCosker 2002:87 [ref. 26140]). •Synonym of Parapercis signata Randall 1984 -- (Randall & Yamakawa 2006:1 [ref. 28630] and personal communication 12/20/08 from Randall). Current status: Synonym of Parapercis signata Randall 1984. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

vittafrons, Parapercis Randall [J. E.] 2008:174, Fig. 16 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. No. 19; ref. 29931] Matalau Beach, east of Rabaul, 4°11.295'S, 152°12.213'E, New Britain, Papua New Guinea, depth 19-22 meters. Holotype: BPBM 39076. Paratypes: BPBM 40664 (1), USNM 391130 (1), WAM P.32895.001 (1). •Valid as Parapercis vittafrons Randall 2008 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:758 [ref. 31980], Johnson & Motomura 2017:126 [ref. 35593]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis vittafrons Randall 2008. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: West Papua, Rabaul, New Britain and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

xanthogramma, Parapercis Imamura [H.] & Yoshino [T.] 2007:95, Figs. 3D, 10-11 [Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Ser. A) Supplement No. 1; ref. 29105] Vavau Island, Tonga. Holotype: URM-P 33394. Paratypes: (13) at AMS, HUMZ, NSMT, URM, USNM. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Parapercis xanthogramma Imamura & Yoshino 2007 -- (Sparks & Baldwin 2012:37 [ref. 31821]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis xanthogramma Imamura & Yoshino 2007. Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

xanthozona, Percis Bleeker [P.] 1849:55 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [13]; ref. 318] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5946. Bleeker specimens: NMV 46263-64 (2), RMNH 18642 [ex 5946] (8). •Valid as Parapercis xanthozona (Bleeker 1849) -- (Cantwell 1964:273 [ref. 23974], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:290 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:741 [ref. 5660] with uncertainty [not this species], Randall et al. 1990:363 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1997:363 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:213 [ref. 23965], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:631 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:391 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:116 [ref. 25868], Randall 2001:3510 [ref. 26283], Randall & McCosker 2002:92 [ref. 26140], Allen & Adrim 2003:52 [ref. 26830], Imamura & Matsuura 2003:28 [ref. 26802], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:167 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:466 [ref. 28239], Johnson & Randall 2006:57 [ref. 28930], Allen et al. 2006:1494 [ref. 29090], Randall 2008:168 [ref. 29931], Prokofiev 2008:889 [ref. 29939], Sparks & Baldwin 2012:37 [ref. 31821], Johnson & White 2012:57 [ref. 31991], Allen & Erdmann 2012:758 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:175 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:180 [ref. 34464], Ho et al. 2014:342 [ref. 33332], Ho 2014:78 [ref. 33574], Fricke et al. 2014:144 [ref. 33932], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:244 [ref. 36460], Moore et al. 2020:110 [ref. 37357], Psomadakis et al. 2020:542 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Parapercis xanthozona (Bleeker 1849). Pinguipedidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar, Andaman Islands and Indonesia east to New Caledonia and Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Kimberley (Western Australia) and Northern Territory (Australia). Western Indian Ocean populations are now assigned to P. albiventer [ref. 33332]. Habitat: marine.