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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Platycephalidae: [ 159 ] records


ablani, Wakiyus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1953:12 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 82 (no. 1); ref. 11046] Manila Bay, Luzon Island, a few miles from Corregidor Island, Philippines, depth 17-23 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 202514 [ex UW 19700]. Paratypes: USNM 202568 [ex UW 8505] (8). Type catalog: Meldrim & Wadley 1968:873 [ref. 31181]. Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

americanus, Platycephalus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1878:148, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (Série 2) v. 1; ref. 3880] "Potomac River" [=Indo-Pacific]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6839. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:41 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Grammoplites scaber (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Imamura 1997:425 [ref. 23366], Kottelat 2013:318 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Grammoplites scaber (Linnaeus 1758). Platycephalidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

angustus, Platycephalus Steindachner [F.] 1866:20 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 3; ref. 21713] Suriname? Actual is: Australia, northeast of Darbilla Creek, Millingimbi, Northern Terraitory, 12°09'S, 134°56'E, depth 0-2 meters. Neotype: NTM S.11362-026. Species first described in the abstract above, later described in more detail in Steindachner 1866 [ref. 14059], p. 213 [p. 6 of separate], Pl. 1 (fig. 4); also appeared in English in Steindachner 1866:312 [ref. 21712]. Neotype designated by Imamura 2012:116 [ref. 33646]. •Valid as Platycephalus angustus Steindachner 1866 -- (Imamura 2012:112 [ref. 33646], Larson et al. 2013:91 [ref. 32988], Imamura 2013:282 [ref. 33362], Imamura 2015:197 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Valid as Platycephalus angustus Steindachner 1866. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Northern Australia and western New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

arenarius, Platycephalus Ramsay [E. P.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1886:577 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 10 (pt 4); ref. 18597] Middle Harbor, Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS B.7136. Appeared first as name only in Ramsay & Ogilby 1885:v [ref. 19305]. •Valid as Platycephalus arenarius Ramsay & Ogilby 1886 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:52 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:467 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:102 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:80 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:100 [ref. 25488], Knapp 1999:2407 [ref. 24807], Johnson 1999:729 [ref. 25471], Paxton et al. 2006:939 [ref. 29079]). •Synonym of Platycephalus endrachtensis Quoy & Gaimard 1825 -- (Imamura 2008:404 [ref. 29892], Imamura 2015:190 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Synonym of Platycephalus endrachtensis Quoy & Gaimard 1825. Platycephalidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

arenicola, Thysanophrys Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1966:60, Pl. 130 (figs. b-c); Fig. 148 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 3; ref. 5366] Lagoon reef at Naen Island, Rongelap Atoll, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 141007. Paratypes: USNM 112391-93 (1, 1, 1), 141733 (1), 152918-19 (1, 1), 202554-55 [ex UW] (1, 4). •Valid as Thysanophrys arenicola Schultz 1966 -- (Ochiai in Masuda et al. 1984:322 [ref. 6441], Knapp 1986:485 [ref. 5683], Shao & Chen 1987:87 [ref. 8042], Paxton et al. 1989:471 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:22 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:87 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1997:87 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:104 [ref. 23965], Knapp 1999:2417 [ref. 24807], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Eurycephalus arenicola (Schultz 1966) -- (Imamura 1996:210 [ref. 22700], Imamura & Knapp 1999:183 [ref. 23886], Nakabo 2000:619 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:619 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:132 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Eurycephalus arenicolus (Schultz 1966) -- (Heemstra et al. 2004:3318 [ref. 27945]). •Valid as Sunagocia arenicola (Schultz 1966) -- (Knapp & Imamura 2004:545 [ref. 28022], Paxton et al. 2006:946 [ref. 29079], Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:257 [ref. 31980], Knapp & Randall 2013:98 [ref. 32932], Fricke et al. 2014:56 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:23 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:141 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Sunagocia arenicola (Schultz 1966). Platycephalidae. Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to Marshall Islands and Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland (Australia) and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

armatus, Cymbacephalus Fowler [H. W.] 1938:90, Fig. 41 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Off Siran Island, Sulu Archipelago, Philippines, 5°35'40"N, 120°47'30"E, Albatross station D.5148, depth 17 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 98864. •Valid as Thysanophrys armata (Fowler 1938) -- (Imamura 1996:212 [ref. 22700], Imamura & Knapp 1999:179 [ref. 23886], Knapp 1999:2390 [ref. 24807], Imamura et al. 2019:21 [ref. 36722]). Current status: Valid as Thysanophrys armata (Fowler 1938). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Sulu Archipelago (Philippines). Habitat: marine.

armatus, Platycephalus Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1887:260 [4] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 53 (1. abth.); ref. 4249] Not available; mentioned in passing under Platycephalus japonicus. Platycephalidae.

asper, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:257, Pl. 82 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Japan [Nagasaki, Japan]. Holotype or syntypes: ?MNHN A-2338 (1), ZMB 6487 (dry). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:41-42 [ref. 20738], Paepke & Fricke 1992:278 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Rogadius asper (Cuvier 1829) -- (Knapp 1979:48 [ref. 14196], Dor 1984:91 [ref. 29757], Ochiai in Masuda et al. 1984:321 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:143 [ref. 15964], Shao & Chen 1987:80 [ref. 8042], Allen & Swainston 1988:52 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:470 [ref. 12442], Goren & Dor 1994:23 [ref. 25356], Imamura 1996:216 [ref. 22700], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:577 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:80 [ref. 23977], Hirota & Sasaki 1998:291 [ref. 23493], Lee & Joo 1998:217 [ref. 25739], Nakabo 2000:616 [ref. 25086], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:70 [ref. 25480], Nakabo 2002:616 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:258, 570 [ref. 26218], Imamura et al. 2006:296 [ref. 28670], Paxton et al. 2006:944 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2007:303 [ref. 29242], Larson et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32988], Golani & Fricke 2018:59 [ref. 36273], Imamura 2018:[1]189 [ref. 36548], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:90 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Rogadius asper (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: northern Vietnam, China and Taiwan to Korea and Japan. The species was previously confused with R. pristiger. Not present in Australia according to ref. 36548. Habitat: marine.

aspera, Platycephalus insidiator var. Bianconi [G. G.] 1857:250 [Specimina zoologica mosambicana; ref. 295] Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. No types known. Name also appeared in Bianconi 1857:456 [ref. 26453]; earliest not researched. Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

aurimaculatus, Platycephalus (Neoplatycephalus) Knapp [L. W.] 1987:53 [Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 17687] Bass Strait, east of King Island, 39°56.41'S, 144°48.054'E, Tasmania, Australia, depth 49 meters. Holotype: NMV A1404. Paratypes: AMS I.26328-001 [ex NMV A1389] (1); NMV A3733 (2), NMV A1389 (1, now 0), USNM 280181 (1). •Valid as Neoplatycephalus aurimaculatus (Knapp 1987) -- (Kuiter 1993:102 [ref. 23929], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847]). •Valid as Platycephalus aurimaculatus Knapp 1987 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:516 [ref. 22532], Imamura 1996:199 [ref. 22700], Paxton et al. 2006:940 [ref. 29079], Gomon 2008:518 [ref. 30616], Imamura 2015:177 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Valid as Platycephalus aurimaculatus Knapp 1987. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Southern Australia: New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

australis, Platycephalus Imamura [H.] 2015:199, Figs. 34-35, 36A, 37 [Zootaxa 3904 (no. 2); ref. 33640] Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia, Australia, 22°28'S, 114°13'E. Holotype: WAM P.29859-001. Paratypes: AMS, CSIRO, HUMZ, NTM. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Platycephalus australis Imamura 2015. Current status: Valid as Platycephalus australis Imamura 2015. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Australia: Queensland to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

barffi, Callionymus Curtiss [A.] 1944:3 [Further notes on the zoology of Tahiti.; ref. 12574] Lagoon at Pueu, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Platycephalus fuscus Cuvier 1829 -- (Fricke 1982:56 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:72 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Sunagocia otaitensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Imamura 2005:204 [ref. 28309], Knapp & Randall 2013:98 [ref. 32932]). Current status: Synonym of Sunagocia otaitensis (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

bassensis, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:247 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Western Port, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1437. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:42 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Platycephalus bassensis Cuvier 1829 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:468 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:103 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:519 [ref. 22532], Imamura 1996:199 [ref. 22700], Kuiter 1997:98 [ref. 25488], Jordan 2001:589 [ref. 25552], Paxton et al. 2006:940 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2008:399 [ref. 29892], Gomon 2008:518 [ref. 30616], Imamura 2015:159 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Valid as Platycephalus bassensis Cuvier 1829. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Australia: New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bataviensis, Platycephalus Bleeker [P.] 1853:460 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 336] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-4528. Paralectotypes: (1) BMNH 1880.4.21.102 (1) but probably not 103-104 (2). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:42 [ref. 20738]. Lectotype selected by Imamura 2011:393, 396 [ref. 31625]. •Synonym of Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829) -- (Imamura 2011:393 [ref. 31625]). Current status: Synonym of Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

beauforti, Platycephalus (Cymbacephalus) Knapp [L. W.] 1973:119, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 86 (no. 10); ref. 7571] Off Urukthapel Island, Palau Islands, Garamejo region, Ngaremedin District, Pacific, 7°15'15"N, 134°26'51"E. Holotype: CAS 15768. Paratypes: BMNH 1972.12.5.13 (1); BPBM 9641 (1); CAS 15745-61 (1, 1, 4, 3, 2, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 2), 15763-67 (1, 2, 1, 1, 1); USNM 208427 (1). •Valid as Cymbacephalus beauforti (Knapp 1973) -- (Imamura 1996:204 [ref. 22700], Myers 1999:104 [ref. 23965], Knapp 1999:2394 [ref. 24807], Nakabo 2000:617 [ref. 25086], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:173 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:97 [ref. 25868], Nakabo 2002:617 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:132 [ref. 28239], Shao et al. 2008:247 [ref. 29952], Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:254 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:56 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:107 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Cymbacephalus beauforti (Knapp 1973). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Palau and Yap, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

bengalensis, Platycephalus Rao [V. V.] 1966:124, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 9 (nos 97/99) [for Jan.-Mar. 1966]; ref. 9057] Visakhapatnam, Bay of Bengal, India. Holotype: ZMAU. Paratypes: ZMAU (4). Additional material: ZMAU (15). •Synonym of Suggrundus rodericensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Knapp 1992:390 [ref. 22825]). •Synonym of Kumococius rodericensis (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Kumococius rodericensis (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

bimaculata, Onigocia Knapp [L. W.], Imamura [H.] & Sakashita [M.] 2000:3, Figs. 1-5 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 64; ref. 26638] Minna Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, depth 8-10 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 54247. Paratypes: BPBM 5883 (1), 19891 (2), 28553 (1); CAS 32564 (1), 35480 (5), 95492-93 (2, 1); FMNH 108805 (4); HUJ 11064 (1); MNHN 1977-0978 (2), 1997-3920 (1); NSMT-P45638 (1), 54248 (1), 54249 [ex URM P21258] (1); ROM 51813 (1), 66159 (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 39717 (4); USNM 235933-34 (1, 2), 333507 (2), 333624 (3), 344835-37 (2, 1, 1), 345474 (2), 345475-81 (1, 1, 1, 6, 4, 2, 1), 346058 (2); WAM P.29637-038 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:18 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Onigocia bimaculata Knapp, Imamura & Sakashita 2000 -- (Randall et al. 2004:11 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:133 [ref. 28239], Imamura et al. 2006:295 [ref. 28670], Paxton et al. 2006:938 [ref. 29079], Imamura & McGrouther 2008:239 [ref. 29804], Imamura & Knapp 2009:27 [ref. 30054], Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Imamura 2011:58 [ref. 31573], Imamura 2012:29 [ref. 32157], Imamura 2016:157 [ref. 35406], Golani & Fricke 2018:58 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Onigocia bimaculata Knapp, Imamura & Sakashita 2000. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Comoros and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Society Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Grande Terre (New Caledonia) and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

bobossok, Platycephalus Bleeker [P.] 1853:461 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 336] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5919 (146 mm total length). •Synonym of Platycephalus carbunculus Valenciennes 1833 -- (Knapp & Imamura 1997:384 [ref. 23204]). •Synonym of Sunagocia carbunculus (Valenciennes 1833). Current status: Synonym of Sunagocia carbunculus (Valenciennes 1833). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

borboniensis, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:252 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6846. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:42 [ref. 20738]. Locality probably in error (see Knapp 1992:391 [ref. 22825]). •Synonym of Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829) with author as Tilesius 1812 -- (Knapp 1992:391 [ref. 22825], Fricke 1999:170 [ref. 24106], Imamura et al. 2006:294 [ref. 28670]). •Synonym of Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829) -- (Imamura & Yoshino 2009:309, 310 [ref. 30527]). Current status: Synonym of Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

bosschei, Platycephalus Bleeker [P.] 1860:140 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 21; ref. 16987] Muntok, Bangka, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Misprinted bosscheis on p. 140, correctly as bosschei on p. 138. •Valid as Suggrundus bosschei (Bleeker 1860) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:471 [ref. 12442], Larson & Williams 1997:354 [ref. 23967], Kuiter 1997:98 [ref. 25488]). •Valid as Inegocia bosschei (Bleeker 1860) -- (Imamura 1996:207 [ref. 22700], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Imamura et al. 2006:294 [ref. 28670]). •Valid as Papilloculiceps bosschei (Bleeker 1860) -- (authors). •Valid as Levanaora bosschei (Bleeker 1860) -- (Johnson 1999:729 [ref. 25471]). •Valid as Cymbacephalus bosschei (Bleeker 1860) -- (Knapp 1999:2395 [ref. 24807], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830], Paxton et al. 2006:935 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2010:26 [ref. 30804], Allen & Erdmann 2012:254 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:89 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Cymbacephalus bosschei (Bleeker 1860). Platycephalidae. Distribution: West Pacific: East Indian Region from Singapore to southern Papua New Guinea and northern Australia north to the Philippines. Habitat: marine.

brevirostris, Suggrundus Shao [K.-T.] & Chen [J.-P.] 1987:85, Figs 1b, 19 [Bulletin of the Institute of Zoology Academia Sinica (Taipei) v. 26 (no. 1); ref. 8042] Inlet waters of the first nuclear power plant, Gin-shan, Taiwan. Holotype: ASIZP 056060. Paratypes: ASIZP 056059 (5). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:41 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Thysanophrys celebica (Bleeker 1855) -- (Imamura 1996:209 [ref. 22700], Ho & Shao 2011:41 [ref. 31432]). Current status: Synonym of Thysanophrys celebica (Bleeker 1855). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

caeruleopunctatus, Platycephalus McCulloch [A. R.] 1922:120 [Australian Zoologist v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 17624] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Lectotype: AMS I.3163. Misprinted bosscheis on p. 140, correctly as bosschei on p. 138. •Valid as Platycephalus caeruleopunctatus McCulloch 1922 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:468 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:103 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Imamura 1996:199 [ref. 22700], Johnson 1999:729 [ref. 25471], Paxton et al. 2006:940 [ref. 29079], Gomon 2008:521 [ref. 30616], Imamura 2012:119 [ref. 33646], Imamura 2015:164 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Valid as Platycephalus caeruleopunctatus McCulloch 1922. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Australia: Queensland to South Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cantori, Platycephalus Bleeker [P.] 1879:26 [Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Amsterdam) v. 19; ref. 17122] Penang, Malaysia; India; Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Lectotype: BMNH 1860.3.19.268 (dry). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1860.3.19.269 (1, dry). Based on literature citations, primary description from Day. Lectotype selected by Knapp & Imamura 1997:386 [ref. 23204]. •Synonym of Platycephalus carbunculus Valenciennes 1853 -- (Knapp & Imamura 1997:384 [ref. 23204]). •Synonym of Thysanophrys carbunculus (Valenciennes 1853) -- (authors). •Synonym of Sunagocia carbunculus (Valenciennes 1833). Current status: Synonym of Sunagocia carbunculus (Valenciennes 1833). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

carbunculus, Platycephalus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:461 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Mumbai, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6875. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:42 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Thysanophrys carbunculus (Valenciennes 1833) -- (Knapp 1999:2418 [ref. 24807]). •Valid as Eurycephalus carbunculus (Valenciennes 1833) -- (Imamura 1996:210 [ref. 22700], Imamura & Knapp 1999:183 [ref. 23886], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Sunagocia carbunculus (Valenciennes 1833) -- (Knapp & Imamura 2004:545 [ref. 28022], Knapp & Randall 2013:98 [ref. 32932], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2015:33 [ref. 34319]). Current status: Valid as Sunagocia carbunculus (Valenciennes 1833). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India east to western Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

castelnaui, Platycephalus Macleay [W.] 1881:587 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2869] King George Sound, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16354-001 [ex MAMU F786]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:207 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Platycephalus speculator Klunzinger 1872 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:470 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:523 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:943 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2015:167 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Synonym of Platycephalus speculator Klunzinger 1872. Platycephalidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

celebicus, Platycephalus Bleeker [P.] 1855:450 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 3); ref. 16942] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Thysanophrys celebicus (Bleeker 1855) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:472 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1994:226 [ref. 21645], Carpenter et al. 1997:142 [ref. 23922], Knapp 1999:2419 [ref. 24807], Johnson 1999:729 [ref. 25471], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Thysanophrys celebica (Bleeker 1855) -- (Knapp 1986:485 [ref. 5683], Senou & Nakabo 1992:4 [ref. 24316], Randall 1995:119 [ref. 22896], Imamura 1996:212 [ref. 22700], Imamura & Knapp 1999:179 [ref. 23886], Nakabo 2000:620 [ref. 25086], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:71 [ref. 25480], Nakabo 2002:620 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:27 [ref. 27712], Paxton et al. 2006:947 [ref. 29079], Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Ho & Shao 2011: 41 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:258 [ref. 31980], Knapp 2013:128 [ref. 32395], Larson et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2018:141 [ref. 35805], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:91 [ref. 36460], Imamura et al. 2019:21 [ref. 36722]). Current status: Valid as Thysanophrys celebica (Bleeker 1855). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Solomon Islands, north to Izu Islands (Japan), south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

chaca, Calliomorus Hamilton [F.] 1822:133, 373 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ganges River, India. No types known. Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

chacca, Platycephalus Gray [J. E.] 1835:no page number, Pl. 93 (fig. 2) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

chauliodous, Platycephalus Knapp [L. W.] 1991:24, Figs. 1-3 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 104 (no. 1); ref. 19172] Cockburn Sound, 1/2 kilometer south of Carnac Island, Western Australia, depth 6-7 meters. Holotype: AMS I.20231-007. Paratypes: AMNH 48856 (1); USNM 307398 (1); WAM P.24172-001 (1), P.25798-008 (1), P.29879-001 (1), P.29944-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:17 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:18 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Platycephalus chauliodous Knapp 1991 -- (Imamura 1996:199 [ref. 22700], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:941 [ref. 29079], Imamura & Knapp 2009:62 [ref. 30532], Imamura 2015:174 [ref. 33640], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Platycephalus chauliodous Knapp 1991. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia endemic. Habitat: marine.

chiltonae, Thysanophrys Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1966:57, Figs. 146-147 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 3; ref. 5366] Coral head near north end of Lagoon at Rongelap Island, Rongelap Atoll, Marshall Islands, western Pacific, depth 18 feet. Holotype: USNM 141009. Paratypes: USNM 99652 (1), 112394 (1), 141010-24 (11, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 6, 1). •Valid as Inegocia chiltonae (Schultz 1966) -- (Ochiai in Masuda et al. 1984:322 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Thysanophrys chiltonae Schultz 1966 -- (Knapp 1986:485 [ref. 5683], Shao & Chen 1987:87 [ref. 8042], Paxton et al. 1989:472 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:87 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:23 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:120 [ref. 22896], Imamura 1996:212 [ref. 22700], Randall et al. 1997:87 [ref. 25919], Imamura & Knapp 1999:179 [ref. 23886], Myers 1999:104 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:171 [ref. 24106], Knapp 1999:2420 [ref. 24807], Nakabo 2000:620 [ref. 25086], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:11 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:620 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:620 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:11 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3318 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:133 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:947 [ref. 29079], Fricke et al. 2009:42 [ref. 30213], Imamura 2009:77 [ref. 30434], Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:258 [ref. 31980], Knapp 2013:128 [ref. 32395], Larson et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:92 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:56 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:23 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:141 [ref. 35805], Imamura et al. 2019:21 [ref. 36722]). Current status: Valid as Thysanophrys chiltonae Schultz 1966. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, Comoros, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Mariana, Marshall and Marquesas islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Former Red Sea records are now assigned to T. springeri Knapp 2013. Habitat: marine.

cinereus, Platycephalus Günther [A.] 1872:661 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] South Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1870.12.27.25. •Synonym of Platycephalus fuscus Cuvier 1829 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:468 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:941 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2015:186 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Synonym of Platycephalus fuscus Cuvier 1829. Platycephalidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cirronasus, Platycephalus Richardson [J.] 1848:114, Pl. 51 (figs. 7-10) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1950.7.28.1. •Valid as Thysanophrys cirronasus (Richardson 1848) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:472 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:101 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:523 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:98 [ref. 25488], Johnson 1999:729 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847]). •Valid as Thysanophrys cirronasa (Richardson 1848) -- (Imamura 1996:212 [ref. 22700], Imamura & Knapp 1999:179 [ref. 23886], Paxton et al. 2006:947 [ref. 29079], Gomon 2008:521 [ref. 30616], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626], Imamura et al. 2019:21 [ref. 36722]). Current status: Valid as Thysanophrys cirronasa (Richardson 1848). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

clavulatus, Platycephalus Cantor [T. E.] 1849:1020 [38] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 715] Sea of Penang, Malaysia. Holotype (unique): ?BMNH 1860.3.19.270. On p. 38 of separate. •Synonym of Cociella punctata (Cuvier 1829) -- (article under review, Negao & Imamura 2014). Current status: Synonym of Cociella punctata (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

conatus, Platycephalus (Neoplatycephalus) Waite [E. R.] & McCulloch [A. R.] 1915:466, Pl. 12 (figs. 1-3, 5) [Transactions Royal Society of South Australia v. 39; ref. 15026] Great Australian Bight, South Australia, depth 80-320 fathoms. Holotype: SAMA (300 mm, still searching). Paratypes: (38) AMS I.13649-50 (1, 1). •Valid as Neoplatycephalus conatus (Waite & McCulloch 1915) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:517 [ref. 22532]). •Valid as Platycephalus conatus Waite & McCulloch 1915 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:468 [ref. 12442], Imamura 1996:199 [ref. 22700], Paxton et al. 2006:941 [ref. 29079], Gomon 2008:519 [ref. 30616], Imamura 2015:181 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Valid as Platycephalus conatus Waite & McCulloch 1915. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Australia: Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

cooperi, Platycephalus Regan [C. T.] 1908:238, Pl. 29 (fig. 5) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Western Indian Ocean, depth 20-30 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.3.23.198-203 (6), 1908.3.23.204 (1). •Valid as Suggrundus cooperi (Regan 1908) -- (Imamura 1996:209 [ref. 22700], Imamura et al. 2019:20 [ref. 36722]). Current status: Valid as Suggrundus cooperi (Regan 1908). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Amirantes Islands, Seychelles, Saya de Malha Bank, Saint Brandon's Shoals (Cargadod Carajos). Habitat: marine.

coronarius, Platycephalus Palacky [J.] 1861:156 [Wissenschaftliche Geographie vol. 1 (2. Abt.) (Heft 1) [for 1860]; ref. 31535] Australia. No types known. Name only, not available. Platycephalidae.

crocodilus, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] (ex Tilesius) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:256 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] No locality stated [Nagasaki, Japan]. No types preserved. First available usage of the name Platycephalus crocodilus Tilesius 1814, which was given in cyrillic letters only and not available -- (Imamura & Yoshino 2009:310 [ref. 30527] as crocodila). The specific name is apparently a noun, so the correct name is Cociella crocodilus. Platycephalus crocodilus Cuvier 1829 and Platycephalus guttatus Cuvier 1829 are regarded as synonyms and both appeared in the same paper; Imamura & Yoshino 2009:310 [ref. 30527] acted as first revisers to establish precedence of Platycephalus crocodilus Cuvier 1829. •Valid as Cociella crocodilus (Cuvier 1829) [sometimes with author as Tilesius 1812, and often as crocodila] -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:276 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:89 [ref. 29757], Ochiai in Masuda et al. 1984:322 [ref. 6441], Knapp 1986:483 [ref. 5683], Shao & Chen 1987:87 [ref. 8042], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:153 [ref. 15964], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:653 [ref. 25598], Kottelat et al. 1993:103 [ref. 23448], Baranes & Golani 1993:305 [ref. 22372], Goren & Dor 1994:23 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:116 [ref. 22896], Knapp 1996:21 [ref. 22010], Imamura 1996:203 [ref. 22700], Cheng & Zhou 1997:432 [ref. 26385], Imamura & Ishito 1997:5 [ref. 24379], Lee & Joo 1998:221 [ref. 25739], Fricke 1999:170 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:617 [ref. 25086], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122] as crocodilus, Sakai et al. 2001:92 [ref. 25693], Wang et al. 2001:298 [ref. 26566] as crocodilus, Nakabo 2002:617 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:257, 569 [ref. 26218], Fricke et al. 2009:42 [ref. 30213] as crocodila, Imamura & Yoshino 2009:310 [ref. 30527] as crocodila, Imamura & Nagao 2011:167 [ref. 31272], Imamura 2011:393 [ref. 31625] as crocodila, Kottelat 2013:317 [ref. 32989], Golani & Fricke 2018:58 [ref. 36273] as crocodila, Suresh et al. 2018:176 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Cociella crocodilus (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa east to Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

crocodilus, Platycephalus Tilesius [W. G. von] 1814:no page number, Pl. 59 (fig. 2) [Atlas zur Reis; ref. 19304] No locality stated [Nagasaki, Japan]. No types known. Not available, as species name was given in cyrillic letters only -- (Imamura & Yoshino 2009:309 [ref. 30527] dated 1812). See Platycephalus crocodilus Cuvier 1829 which is the first available usage of the name. •In the synonymy of Cociella crocodilus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Imamura & Yoshino 2009:310 [ref. 30527], Kottelat 2013:317 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cociella crocodilus (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae.

cultellatus, Platycephalus Richardson [J.] 1846:217 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. No types known. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:211, Pl. 21a [ref. 11606]). •Valid as Platycephalus cultellatus Richardson 1846 -- (Imamura 1996:199 [ref. 22700], Imamura et al. 2006:296 [ref. 28670], Imamura 2012:119 [ref. 33646], Imamura 2015:204 [ref. 33640], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2015:33 [ref. 34319], Chen et al. 2018:4 [ref. 36351], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:88 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Platycephalus cultellatus Richardson 1846. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India east to Borneo. north to northern Vietnam and southern China. Habitat: marine.

detrusus, Insidiator Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:15, Pl. 10 [Proceedings of the Davenport Academy of Sciences (Iowa). v. 10; ref. 10645] Hong Kong. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 9067. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:125 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Kumococcius [sic] detrusus (Jordan & Seale 1905) -- (Ochiai in Masuda et al. 1984:322 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Suggrundus rodericensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Knapp 1992:390 [ref. 22825]). •Synonym of Kumococius rodericensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Imamura 1996:205 [ref. 22700], Knapp 1999:2403 [ref. 24807], Paxton et al. 2006:937 [ref. 29079]). Current status: Synonym of Kumococius rodericensis (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

diversidens, Insidiator McCulloch [A. R.] 1914:148, Fig. 13; Pl. 31 (fig. 1) [Biological Results Endeavour v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 2940] 11 kilometers northeast of Port Stephens Lighthouse, New South Wales, Australia, depth 48 fathoms. Lectotype: AMS E.2103. Paralectotypes: AMS E.1566 (1), I.11254 (1). Lectotype selected by Imamura & Gomon 2010:22 [ref. 31104] •Valid as Ratabulus diversidens (McCulloch 1914) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:470 [ref. 12442], Imamura 1996:201 [ref. 22700], Knapp 1999:2410 [ref. 24807] as diversidans, Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:944 [ref. 29079], Imamura & Gomon 2010:22 [ref. 31104]). Current status: Valid as Ratabulus diversidens (McCulloch 1914). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Eastern Australia: Queensland to Victoria. Habitat: marine.

endrachtensis, Platycephalus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:353 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Shark Bay, Western Australia. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-6865 (larger specimen, 175 mm SL). Paralectotypes: MNHN 2007-0128 [ex 0000-6865] (1, smaller specimen, poor condition). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:42-43 [ref. 20738]. Apparently named for the presumed type locality Eendrachtsland or Eendraghtsland [the old Dutch name for Australia]. Lectotype selected by Imamura 2008:404 [ref. 29892]. •Synonym of Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:592 [ref. 7218]). •Valid as Platycephalus endrachtensis Quoy & Gaimard 1825 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:52 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:468 [ref. 12442], Imamura 1996:199 [ref. 22700], Allen 1997:80 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:353 [ref. 23967], Knapp 1999:2408 [ref. 24807], Johnson 1999:729 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847] as eendrachtensis, Paxton et al. 2006:941 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2008:401, 404 [ref. 29892], Imamura 2012:119 [ref. 33646], Imamura 2013:282 [ref. 33362], Imamura 2015:190 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Valid as Platycephalus endrachtensis Quoy & Gaimard 1825. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Australia: Queensland, Tasmania and Western Australia; also Bali. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Platycephalus Günther [A.] 1872:397 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 10 (no. 59) (art. 56); ref. 18194] Manila Bay, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1872.10.18.117. •Synonym of Cociella punctata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Knapp 1996:23 [ref. 22010], Imamura 2011:397 [ref. 31625], Kottelat 2013:317 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cociella punctata (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

fehlmanni, Rogadius Knapp [L. W.] 2012:62, Fig 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 125 (no. 1); ref. 31852] Off Somalia, 10°03'N, 51°15'E, Anton Bruun Cruise 9, station 449, depth 31-39 meters. Holotype: USNM 302842. Paratypes: USNM 302843 (5), 316124 (1), 340550 (1). •Valid as Rogadius fehlmanni Knapp 2012. Current status: Valid as Rogadius fehlmanni Knapp 2012. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Somalia. Habitat: marine.

fulviguttatus, Ratabulus Imamura [H.] & Gomon [M. F.] 2010:29, Figs. 2c, 3c, 4c,5c, 6c, 8c [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 67; ref. 31104] North of Cape Lambert, 18°57'S, 117°14'E, Western Australia, Australia. Holotype: CSIRO H4031-79. Paratypes: many at AMS, CSIRO. WAM. Plus non-types and other material. •Valid as Ratabulus fulviguttatus Imamura & Gomon 2010 -- (Larson et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Ratabulus fulviguttatus Imamura & Gomon 2010. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Northwestern Australia: Northern Territory and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

fuscus, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:241 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6867. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:43 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Platycephalus fuscus Cuvier 1829 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:468 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:104 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:519 [ref. 22532], Imamura 1996:199 [ref. 22700], Kuiter 1997:100 [ref. 25488], Knapp 1999:2390 [ref. 24807], Johnson 1999:729 [ref. 25471], Paxton et al. 2006:941 [ref. 29079], Gomon 2008:519 [ref. 30616], Imamura 2012:119 [ref. 33646], Imamura 2013:282 [ref. 33362], Imamura 2015:186 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Valid as Platycephalus fuscus Cuvier 1829. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Australia: Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria. Habitat: brackish, marine.

grandidieri, Platycephalus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1873:56 [Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 9 (pt 2, Bulletin); ref. 18661] Syntypes: MNHN 0000-2388 (1) Zanzibar, 0000-5659 (1) Madagascar. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:43 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Papilloculiceps grandidieri (Sauvage 1873) -- (Dor 1984:90 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:23 [ref. 25356]). •Synonym of Papilloculiceps longiceps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Knapp 1986:484 [ref. 5683], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:66 [ref. 35264]). Current status: Synonym of Papilloculiceps longiceps (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

grandis, Neoplatycephalus Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:87 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Melbourne markets, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN (apparently lost). •Synonym of Neoplatycephalus richardsoni (Castelnau 1872) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:518 [ref. 22532]). •Synonym of Platycephalus richardsoni Castelnau 1872 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:469 [ref. 12442], Imamura 1996:198 [ref. 22700], Imamura 2015:183 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Synonym of Platycephalus richardsoni Castelnau 1872. Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

grandispinis, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:242 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] No locality (between Shark Bay and Doubtful Islands), Western Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6844. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:43 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Platycephalus longispinis Cuvier 1829 -- (Imamura 2013:183 [ref. 33094]). •Valid as Platycephalus grandispinis Cuvier 1829 -- (Imamura 2015:162 [ref. 33640], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Platycephalus grandispinis Cuvier 1829. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Queensland (Australia) to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

grandisquamis, Platycephalus Weber [M.] 1913:509, Fig. 108 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Near New Guinea, 1°42.5'S, 130°47.5'E, Siboga station 164, depth 32 meters. Lectotype: ZMA 112434. Paralectotypes: ZMA 112434 (1), 112435 (2), 112434 (1), 124953 [ex 112434] (1), 124954 [ex 112434] (1); one lost. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:83 [ref. 19236]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Platycephalus grandisquamis Regan 1908. Replaced by Onigocia sibogae Imamura 2011 with ZMA 112434 as the lectotype. For identification of paralectotypes see Onigocia sibogae. •Synonym of Onigocia sibogae Imamura 2011. Current status: Synonym of Onigocia sibogae Imamura 2011. Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

grandisquamis, Platycephalus Regan [C. T.] 1908:239 [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Amirante, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean, depth 30 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.3.23.209. •Valid as Onigocia grandisquamis (Regan 1908) -- (Knapp et al. 2000:6 [ref. 26638]). •Valid as Onigocia grandisquama (Regan 1938) -- (Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Imamura et al. 2006:296 [ref. 28670], Imamura & McGrouther 2008:239 [ref. 29804], Imamura & Knapp 2009:27 [ref. 30054], Imamura 2011:55 [ref. 31573], Imamura 2012:28 [ref. 32157], Imamura 2016:153 [ref. 35406]). Current status: Valid as Onigocia grandisquama (Regan 1908). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Gulf of Thailand. Habitat: marine.

gruveli, Platycephalus Pellegrin [J.] 1905:138 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 30; ref. 15374] Guet N'Dar, Mauritania. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1905-0302. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:43-44 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Grammoplites gruveli (Pellegrin 1905) -- (Knapp 1990:686 [ref. 17820], Imamura & Amaoka 1994:177 [ref. 21442]). •Valid as Solitas gruveli (Pellegrin 1905) -- (Imamura 1996:202, 212 [ref. 22700], Knapp 2016:2289 [ref. 34614]). Current status: Valid as Solitas gruveli (Pellegrin 1905). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

guttatus, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] (ex Langsdorff) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:244 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMB 726 (dry). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:60 [ref. 20738], Paepke & Fricke 1992:278 [ref. 19946] with ZMB 726 (dried) as holotype; description indicates that the holotype was tranferred from the Berlin Museum to the "Cabinet du Roi" but there is no type at MNHN. Based on a description in manuscript by Langsdorff, and an underlying specimen in ZMB (the holotype). •Valid as Inegocia guttata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Ochiai in Masuda et al. 1984:322 [ref. 6441], Shao & Chen 1987:88 [ref. 8042], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:153 [ref. 15964], Imamura 1996:207 [ref. 22700], Lee & Joo 1998:222 [ref. 25739], Nakabo 2000:617 [ref. 25086], Shimizu 2001:27 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:617 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:257, 569 [ref. 26218], Imamura et al. 2006:295 [ref. 28670]). •Synonym of Cociella crocodilus (Cuvier 1829), material previously assigned to guttatus belongs to an undescribed species -- (Imamura & Yoshino 2009:310 [ref. 30527] as crocodila, Imamura 2010:26 [ref. 30804] as crocodila). Current status: Synonym of Cociella crocodilus (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

haackei, Platycephalus Steindachner [F.] 1883:195 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse v. 20 (no. 22); ref. 20488] St. Vincent Gulf, South Australia. Holotype (unique): NMW 14577. Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1884:1081 [p. 17 in separate], Pl. 2 (figs. 2-2a) [ref. 4234]. •Synonym of Leviprora inops (Jenyns 1840) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:467 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:515 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:938 [ref. 29079]). Current status: Synonym of Leviprora inops (Jenyns 1840). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

haploblepharis, Thysanophrys Prokofiev [A. M.] 2017:646, Figs. 3c-g [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 57 (no. 6); ref. 35721] 04°59'3S, 55°33'6E, depth 43-45 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU 23252. •Synonym of Suggrundus cooperi (Regan 1908) -- (Imamura et al. 2019:20 [ref. 36722]). Current status: Synonym of Suggrundus cooperi (Regan 1908). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

harrisii, Insidiator McCulloch [A. R.] 1914:146, Fig. 12; Pl. 30 (fig. 1) [Biological Results Endeavour v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 2940] Near Pine Peak, Queensland, Australia. Lectotype: AMS E.2844. Paralectotypes: AMS I.12765 (1). Non-types: AMS I.12805 (1), QMI.1437 (1) Lectotype selected by Johnson 1999:620 [ref. 25189]. The paralectotype AMS I.12765 was reidentified as Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829) -- (Imamura & Yoshino 2009:310 [ref. 30527]). •Valid as Inegocia harrisii (McCulloch 1914) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:52 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:466 [ref. 12442], Imamura 1996:207 [ref. 22700], Allen 1997:80 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:353 [ref. 23967], Knapp 1999:2401 [ref. 24807], Johnson 1999:728 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Imamura et al. 2006:295 [ref. 28670], Paxton et al. 2006:937 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2010:26 [ref. 30804], Larson et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Inegocia harrisii (McCulloch 1914). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Australia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

heemstrai, Cociella Knapp [L. W.] 1996:27, Figs. 6-7 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 109 (no. 1); ref. 22010] Kenya, western Indian Ocean, 2°38'S, 40°28'E, depth 280 meters. Holotype: USNM 326281 [ex SAIAB 13761]. Paratypes: ANSP 54935 (2), 77598 (1), 77600 (1); BMNH 1919.4.1.33 (1), 1922.2.9.29 (1); MNHN B-2887 (4), 1994-0504 (1); RMNH 25144 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 1510 (2), 10516 (1), 16492 (2), 36880 (3), 39859 (5); SAM 10035 (1), 10514 (2), 10822 (1), 11876-77 (3, 1), 16725 (1), 26023 (1); CAS-SU 69736 (1); USNM 303749 (4), 326292-97 (3, 8, 11, 2, 1, 1). •Valid as Cociella heemstrai Knapp 1996 -- (Imamura 1996:203 [ref. 22700], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:149 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2018:139 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Cociella heemstrai Knapp 1996. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa, and Madagascar east to Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

heterolepis, Platycephalus Barnard [K. H.] 1927:77 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 20 (no. 115) (art. 8); ref. 193] Inhaca Island, Mozambique, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAM 12360. Also appeared as new in Barnard 1927:934, Pl. 34 (fig. 2) [ref. 194]. •Synonym of Sorsogona prionota (Sauvage 1873) -- (Knapp 1979:50 [ref. 14196], Knapp 1986:484 [ref. 5683]). Current status: Synonym of Sorsogona prionota (Sauvage 1873). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

horai, Platycephalus de Beaufort [L. F.] 1956:83, Fig. 1A [Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences of India v. 22 (pt B, no. 2); ref. 12178] Off New Guinea, depth 32 meters. Syntypes: ZMA 112435 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:83 [ref. 19236]. Syntypes are also paralectotypes of Platycephalus grandisquamis Weber 1913. •Synonym of Thysanophrys celebica (Bleeker 1855) -- (Knapp 1986:485 [ref. 5683], Imamura 2011:55 [ref. 31573]). Current status: Synonym of Thysanophrys celebica (Bleeker 1855). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

hosokawae, Insidiator Smith [H. M.] & Pope [T. E. B.] 1906:486, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 31 (no. 1489); ref. 4058] Urado, Kochi Province, Japan. Holotype: USNM 55611. Paratypes: USNM 126720 (1). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

humerosa, Sorsogona Knapp [L. W.] & Heemstra [P. C.] 2011:76, Figs. 1-3 [Smithiana, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin No. 13; ref. 31327] Mosambique, 18°26.1' to 18°27.7'S, 37°20.9' to 37°20'E, depth 95-97 meters. Holotype: SAIAB 82423. Paratypes: SAIAB 96784 (1), USNM 340509 (2). •Valid as Sorsogona humerosa Knapp & Heemstra 2011. Current status: Valid as Sorsogona humerosa Knapp & Heemstra 2011. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Mozambique and Somalia. Habitat: marine.

hunti, Suggrundus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:244, Figs. 249-250 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Rayong, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68247. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:142 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Cociella punctata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Knapp 1996:23 [ref. 22010], Kottelat 2013:317 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cociella punctata (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

hutchinsi, Cociella Knapp [L. W.] 1996:30, Fig. 9 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 109 (no. 1); ref. 22010] Arafura Sea, Australia, 9°16'S, 135°00'E, depth 113 meters. Holotype: CSIRO CA 1865. Paratypes: AMS I.21846-002 (2), I.27847-020 (4); BMNH 1879.5.14.222 (1); CSIRO CA 2739-41 (1, 1, 1); NTM S.11898-008 (1), S.11957-005 (2), S.11613-017 (2), S.12266-010 (1); USNM 326279 (2), 327179 [ex NTM S.11621-002] (1), 327190 (3); WAM P.30716-001 (4). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:18 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Cociella hutchinsi Knapp 1996 -- (Imamura 1996:203 [ref. 22700], Knapp 1999:2392 [ref. 24807], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:934 [ref. 29079], Larson et al. 2013:89 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Cociella hutchinsi Knapp 1996. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

imberbis, Silurus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1361 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Japan. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155] in family Siluridae). • A senior synonym of Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829) in family Platycephalidae -- (Imamura & Nagao 2011:166 [ref. 31272] with a proposal to suppress imberbis (Gmelin 1789) by "reversal of precedence" in favor of the well-known Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829)). •A nomen oblitum -- (Kottelat 2013:317 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Callionymus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:250 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Asia [Indo-West Pacific]. Holotype: NRM (whereabouts unknown). •Valid as Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:592 [ref. 7218], Dor 1984:90 [ref. 29757], Ochiai in Masuda et al. 1984:322 [ref. 6441], Feng in Kuang et al. 1986:328 [ref. 26639], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:1241 [ref. 13677], Knapp 1986:484 [ref. 5683], Shao & Chen 1987:80 [ref. 8042], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:156 [ref. 15964], Paxton et al. 1989:469 [ref. 12442], Ataur Rahman 1989:316 [ref. 24860], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:653 [ref. 25598], Zheng 1989:373 [ref. 21202], Golani & Ben-Tuvia 1990:61 [ref. 15617], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:782 [ref. 20764], Jin in Pan et al. 1991:521 [ref. 23876], Kottelat et al. 1993:103 [ref. 23448], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:220 [ref. 24016], Goren & Dor 1994:23 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:117 [ref. 22896], Imamura 1996:199 [ref. 22700], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:576 [ref. 27969], Larson & Williams 1997:353 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:140 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:173 [ref. 26476], Cheng & Zhou 1997:430 [ref. 26385], Kim 1997:400 [ref. 24032], Randall et al. 1997:505 [ref. 25919], Lee & Joo 1998:223 [ref. 25739], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Knapp 1999:2409 [ref. 24807], Lee et al. 1999:143 [ref. 25172], Mishra et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25315], Johnson 1999:729 [ref. 25471], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:185 [ref. 25703], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Wang et al. 2001:297 [ref. 26566], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:176 [ref. 26753], Fricke 2002:72 [ref. 26547], Kim & Park 2002:321 [ref. 25913], Youn 2002:258, 570 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Jang et al. 2003:120 [ref. 27681], Khan 2003:8 [ref. 27710], Ataur Rahman 2003:342 [ref. 31338], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:149 [ref. 28072], Imamura et al. 2006:296 [ref. 28670], Paxton et al. 2006:942 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2009:75 [ref. 30434], Coad 2010:261 [ref. 36620], Imamura 2012:119 [ref. 33646], Larson et al. 2013:91 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:318 [ref. 32989], Imamura 2013:282 [ref. 33362], Yoshida et al. 2013:90 [ref. 34464], Imamura 2015:204 [ref. 33640], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2015:33 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2015:192 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:73 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:317 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Chen et al. 2018:8 [ref. 36351], Fricke et al. 2018:140 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:59 [ref. 36273], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:89 [ref. 36460], Jawad et al. 2018:103 [ref. 36262] as P. indicus s.l., Suresh et al. 2018:177 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus 1758). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa and Persian Gulf east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to Korea and southern Japan, south to northwestern Australia and New South Wales (Australia); Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: brackish, marine.

inermis, Platycephalus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1902:361 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 25 (no. 1289); ref. 2447] Appeared as Platycephalus inermis (Houttuyn) with synonyms; regarded as an unavailable name but an identification [misidentification]. •In the synonymy of Cociella crocodila (Cuvier 1829) with author as Tilesius 1812 -- (Shao & Chen 1987:87 [ref. 8042]). •Unavailable, not the same as inermis Houttuyn, but in the synonymy of Cociella crocodilus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Imamura & Nagao 2011:167 [ref. 31272] as crocodila). Current status: Synonym of Cociella crocodilus (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae.

inermis, Silurus Houttuyn [M.] 1782:338 [Verhandelingen der Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen, Haarlem v. 20 (pt 2); ref. 2220] Japan. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Silurus inermis Linnaeus 1766; replaced by Silurus imberbis Gmelin 1789. •Synonym of Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Ferraris 2007:379 [ref. 29155] in family Siluridae). • Objective synonym of Inegocia imberbis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Imamura & Nagao 2011:166 [ref. 31272] in family Platycephalidae). •In the synonymy of Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829) after reversal of precedence, establishing that species over Inegocia inermis (Houttuyn 1782) -- (see Imamura & Nagao 2011:166 [ref. 31272], Kottelat 2013:317 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

inops, Platycephalus Jenyns [L.] 1840:33 [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] King George Sound, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH [ex MPSC] 1917.7.14.76. •Valid as Leviprora inops (Jenyns 1840) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:467 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:515 [ref. 22532], Imamura 1996:218 [ref. 22700], Larson & Williams 1997:353 [ref. 23967], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:938 [ref. 29079], Gomon 2008:516 [ref. 30616], Imamura 2010:26 [ref. 30804], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Leviprora inops (Jenyns 1840). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Western Australia, South Australia. Habitat: marine.

insidiator, Cottus Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:25, x [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] No locality stated (Red Sea). Holotype (unique): ZMUC P8012 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:80 [ref. 9588]. Originally Cottus rogad; insidiator on p. 25, Cottus insidiator on p. x; apparently two names for the same taxon; first reviser not researched. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 1 [ref. 20847]. •Synonym of Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:592 [ref. 7218], Dor 1984:90 [ref. 29757], Knapp 1986:484 [ref. 5683], Shao & Chen 1987:80 [ref. 8042], Ataur Rahman 2003:342 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:318 [ref. 32989], Golani & Fricke 2018:59 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus 1758). Platycephalidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

isacanthus, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:246 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Waigiou and Bourou, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-5248 (1) Bourou, 0000-6854 (1) Waigeo. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:44 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829) with author as Tilesius 1812 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:467 [ref. 12442], Knapp 1999:2402 [ref. 24807], Imamura et al. 2006:294 [ref. 28670], Paxton et al. 2006:937 [ref. 29079]). •Synonym of Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829) -- (Imamura & Yoshino 2009:309, 310 [ref. 30527], Imamura 2011:393 [ref. 31625]). Current status: Synonym of Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

jacksoni, Grammoplites Fowler [H. W.] 1944:175, Figs. 25-26 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 96; ref. 1451] Vanuatu [New Hebrides]. Holotype (unique): ANSP 71382. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:143 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Cociella punctata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Knapp 1996:23 [ref. 22010], Kottelat 2013:317 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2013:317 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cociella punctata (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

japonica, Sphyraena Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:110 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Japan. No types known. •Questionably the same as Sphyraena africana Gilchrist & Thompson 1909 -- (de Sylva 1975:82 [ref. 6302] with author as Cuvier). •Synonym of Sphyraena japonica Bloch & Schneider 1801, but with author as Cuvier -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:121 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:453, 660 [ref. 8056], Senou in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1337 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1337 [ref. 26193]). •Unnecessary replacement name for Silurus inermis Houttuyn 1782 and declared a nomen oblitum -- (Kottelat 2013:317 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] (ex Tilesius) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:256 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] No locality stated [Nagasaki, Japan]. No types preserved. Nomen protectum Kottelat 2013. First available usage of the name Platycephalus japonicus Tilesius 1814 which was given in cyrillic letters only -- (Imamura & Yoshino 2009:309, 310 [ref. 30527]). See Platycephalus borboniensis Cuvier 1829 and Platycephalus isacanthus Cuvier 1829, which are synonyms published in the same paper as Platycephalus japonicus Cuvier 1829. Imamura & Yoshino 2009:310 [ref. 30527] acted as the first revisers establishing the precedence of Platycephalus japonicus Cuvier 1829. See also Silurus imberbis Gmelin 1789 for preservation of japonica in competition with Silurus imberbis Gmelin 1789.. •Valid as Suggrundus japonica (Cuvier 1829) with author as Tilesius 1812 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:52 [ref. 25477]). •Valid as Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829) [sometimes with author as Tilesius 1812] -- (Ochiai in Masuda et al. 1984:321 [ref. 6441], Shao & Chen 1987:88 [ref. 8042], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:151 [ref. 15964], Paxton et al. 1989:467 [ref. 12442], Knapp 1992:391 [ref. 22825], Imamura 1996:207 [ref. 22700], Allen 1997:80 [ref. 23977], Cheng & Zhou 1997:433 [ref. 26385], Larson & Williams 1997:353 [ref. 23967], Hirota & Sasaki 1998:296 [ref. 23493], Lee & Joo 1998:222 [ref. 25739], Knapp 1999:2402 [ref. 24807], Johnson 1999:729 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:617 [ref. 25086], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:69 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:617 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:257, 569 [ref. 26218], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:26 [ref. 27712], Adrim et al. 2004:119 [ref. 27715], Imamura et al. 2006:294 [ref. 28670], Paxton et al. 2006:937 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2009:75 [ref. 30434], Imamura & Yoshino 2009:309, 310 [ref. 30527], Imamura 2010:26 [ref. 30804], Imamura & Nagao 2011:166 [ref. 31272] with reversal of precedence, Imamura 2011:393 [ref. 31625], Larson et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:317 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:89 [ref. 34464], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2015:32 [ref. 34319], Motomura et al. 2017:72 [ref. 35490], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:87 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean and western Pacific: Sri Lanka east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Platycephalus Tilesius [W. G. von] 1814:no page number, Pl. 59 (fig. 1) [Atlas zur Reis; ref. 19304] No locality stated [Nagasaki, Japan]. No available, as name was given in cyrillic letters only -- (Imamura & Yoshino 2009:309 [ref. 30527]). See Platycephalus japonicus Cuvier 1829 which is the first available usage of the name. •In the synonymy of Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829) -- (Imamura & Yoshino 2009:309, 310 [ref. 30527]). Current status: Synonym of Inegocia japonica (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae.

jugosus, Insidiator McCulloch [A. R.] 1914:144, Fig. 11; Pl. 30 (fig. 2) [Biological Results Endeavour v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 2940] Off Hervey Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS E.3209. Paratypes: (9) AMS I.12726-33 (1 ea.); ?TMH D150/13031 [old no. D36, ex AMS E.2688] (2); QM I.1409-11 (3). Type catalog: Andrews 1971:2 [ref. 31471], Andrews 1992:111 [ref. 22689]. •Valid as Suggrundus jugosus (McCulloch 1914) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:471 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:101 [ref. 23929]). •Valid as Ambiserrula jugosa (McCulloch 1914) -- (Imamura 1996:215 [ref. 22700], Knapp 1999:2391 [ref. 24807], Johnson 1999:728 [ref. 25471], Paxton et al. 2006:934 [ref. 29079]). Current status: Valid as Ambiserrula jugosa (McCulloch 1914). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

knappi, Grammoplites Imamura [H.] & Amaoka [K.] 1994:173, Figs. 1-3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 41 (no. 2); ref. 21442] Off Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Holotype: HUMZ 109614. Paratypes: CAS 80623-24 (3, 2); HUMZ 128622-24 (3); NSMT-P 45836-38 (3); URM-P 29670 (1), 29678 (1), 29691 (1); USNM 324970 (1), 327280 (1). Non types: CAS 134032 (1); URM-P (14). •Valid as Grammoplites knappi Imamura & Amaoka 1994 -- (Imamura 1996:202 [ref. 22700], Knapp 1999:2399 [ref. 24807], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Yamakawa & Machida 2004:384 [ref. 28104], Yoshida et al. 2013:89 [ref. 34464], Knapp & Imamura 2014:450 [ref. 33427], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2015:31 [ref. 34319], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:86 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Grammoplites knappi Imamura & Amaoka 1994. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Malaysia, Gulf of Thailand and South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

lacrimalis, Onigocia Imamura [H.] & Knapp [L. W.] 2009:24, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa No. 2008; ref. 30054] Northern Norfolk Ridge, Tasman Sea, 29┌54.39'S, 167°41.05'E, depth 111-115 meters. Holotype: AMS I.42709-001. Paratypes: MNHN 1997-4080 (1), 2003-1823 (1), 2006-1609 (3), 2006-1610 (1), 2006-1611 (1); USNM 390658 (1). •Valid as Onigocia lacrimalis Imamura & Knapp 2009 -- (Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Imamura 2011:58 [ref. 31573], Imamura 2012:29 [ref. 32157], Imamura 2016:157 [ref. 35406]). Current status: Valid as Onigocia lacrimalis Imamura & Knapp 2009. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western South Pacific: Coral Sea (Chesterfield Islands, New Caledonia) and Tasman Sea (Lord Howe Island). Habitat: marine.

laevigatus, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:248 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Western Port, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6866. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:44 [ref. 20738] as loevigatus. •Valid as Platycephalus laevigatus Cuvier 1829 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:469 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:105 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:520 [ref. 22532], Imamura 1996:199 [ref. 22700], Kuiter 1997:100 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:942 [ref. 29079], Gomon 2008:520 [ref. 30616], Imamura & Knapp 2009:62 [ref. 30532], Imamura 2015:154 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Valid as Platycephalus laevigatus Cuvier 1829. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Australia: Queensland to southern Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

longiceps, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:255 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea (15°38'N, 39°28'E). Ehrenberg specimens: BMNH 1880.4.21.100-101 (2); ZMB 731 (1, dry), 732 (1, dry), 8127 (1, dry). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:278 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Papilloculiceps longiceps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Dor 1984:90 [ref. 29757], Knapp 1986:484 [ref. 5683], Golani & Ben-Tuvia 1990:58 [ref. 15617], Goren & Dor 1994:23 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:117 [ref. 22896], Imamura 1996:207 [ref. 22700], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:149 [ref. 28072], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:66 [ref. 35264], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:140 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:58 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:69 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Papilloculiceps longiceps (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Sokotra and Gulf of Oman south to northern South Africa, east to Madagascar and Seychelles; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

longirostris, Suggrundus Shao [K.-T.] & Chen [J.-P.] 1987:83, Figs. 1a, 17-18 [Bulletin of the Institute of Zoology Academia Sinica (Taipei) v. 26 (no. 1); ref. 8042] Ta-shi [Daxi], northeastern Taiwan. Holotype: ASIZP 056070. Paratypes: ASIZP 056069 (1) or ?USNM 303829 (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:42 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Thysanophrys longirostris (Shao & Chen 1987) -- (Imamura 1996:209, 212 [ref. 22700], Imamura & Knapp 1999:179 [ref. 23886], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Ho & Shao 2011:42 [ref. 31432], Knapp 2013:128 [ref. 32395], Imamura et al. 2019:22 [ref. 36722]). Current status: Valid as Thysanophrys longirostris (Shao & Chen 1987). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

longispinis, Platycephalus Macleay [W.] 1884:170 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 1); ref. 17589] Outside Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia, depth 50 fathoms. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16355-001 [ex MAMU F1163]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:207 [ref. 19518] as MAMU F1163 as holotype. •Valid as Platycephalus longispinis Macleay 1884 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:469 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:102 [ref. 23929], Imamura 1996:199 [ref. 22700], Platell & Potter 1998:587 [ref. 25005], Johnson 1999:729 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:942 [ref. 29079]). •Synonym of Platycephalus grandispinis Cuvier 1829 -- (Imamura 2013:183 [ref. 33094], Imamura 2015:162 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Synonym of Platycephalus grandispinis Cuvier 1829. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Australia (if valid). Habitat: marine.

macracanthus, Platycephalus Bleeker [P.] 1869:253, Pl. [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 3; ref. 17067] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 5924 (2) [or holotype 123 mm and non-type]. Misspelled macracantibus in Bleeker 1879:22 [ref. 17122]. •Valid as Suggrundus macracanthus (Bleeker 1869) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:471 [ref. 12442], Imamura 1996:209 [ref. 22700] with holotype and non-type, Knapp 1999:2416 [ref. 24807], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:945 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2009:76 [ref. 30434], Larson et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:92 [ref. 34464], Motomura et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35490], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:91 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Suggrundus macracanthus (Bleeker 1869). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: southern India and Sri Lanka east to Philippines, north to Taiwan, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

macrocephalus, Platycephalus Weber [M.] 1913:508, Fig. 107 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] North of Waigeo [Waigiou] (0°02.6'S, 115°24.3'E), depth 100 meters. Lectotype: ZMA 112438. Paralectotypes: regarded as this species: ZMA 11248 (1), 11249 (1). The other types are also paralectotypes following the ICZN Code. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:83 [ref. 19236]. Imamura 2012:23 [ref. 32157] indicates that 4 type specimens are O. grandisquama (Regan 1908), 3 are this species. •Valid as Onigocia macrocephala (Weber 1913) -- (Imamura 2012:25 [ref. 32157], Larson et al. 2013:91 [ref. 32988], Imamura 2016:157 [ref. 35406], Motomura et al. 2017:73 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Onigocia macrocephala (Weber 1913). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: China, Vietnam and Philippines, Bali Sea, Timor Sea and Australia. Habitat: marine.

macrodon, Platycephalus Ogilby [J. D.] 1885:226 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 10 (pt 2); ref. 3262] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS B.6541. •Valid as Platycephalus macrodon Ogilby 1885 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:469 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Platycephalus richardsoni Castelnau 1872 - (Imamura 1996:198 [ref. 22700], Paxton et al. 2006:943 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2015:183 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Synonym of Platycephalus richardsoni Castelnau 1872. Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

macrolepis, Platycephalus Bleeker [P.] 1854:399 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 13964] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Also appeared in Bleeker 1855:76, Pl. 4 [ref. 357]. •Valid as Onigocia macrolepis (Bleeker 1854) -- (Ochiai in Masuda et al. 1984:321 [ref. 6441], Shao & Chen 1987:81 [ref. 8042], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:148 [ref. 15964], Paxton et al. 1989:467 [ref. 12442], Imamura 1996:214 [ref. 22700], Chen et al. 1997:172 [ref. 26476], Shimizu & Hatooka 1997:4 [ref. 24377], Hirota & Sasaki 1998:291 [ref. 23493], Lee & Joo 1998:218 [ref. 25739], Knapp 1999:2404 [ref. 24807], Nakabo 2000:620 [ref. 25086], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:173 [ref. 25191], Shinohara et al. 2001:318 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:620 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:257, 570 [ref. 26218], Knapp et al. 2000:6 [ref. 26638], Adrim et al. 2004:119 [ref. 27715], Shinohara et al. 2005:428 [ref. 28370], Imamura et al. 2006:295 [ref. 28670], Paxton et al. 2006:938 [ref. 29079], Imamura & McGrouther 2008:239 [ref. 29804], Imamura & Knapp 2009:27 [ref. 30054], Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Imamura 2011:58 [ref. 31573], Imamura 2012:29 [ref. 32157], Imamura 2016:157 [ref. 35406]). Current status: Valid as Onigocia macrolepis (Bleeker 1854). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

maculipinna, Platycephalus Regan [C. T.] 1905:323, Pl. 1(A) (fig. 3) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 16; ref. 15386] Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean, depth 15-30 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1904.5.25.70-72 (3). •Synonym of Grammoplites suppositus (Troschel 1840) -- (Knapp 1979:52 [ref. 14196], Dor 1984:90 [ref. 29757], Randall 1995:116 [ref. 22896]). Current status: Synonym of Grammoplites suppositus (Troschel 1840). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

maculosus, Platycephalus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1868:258 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1868; ref. 3442] Fish market in Singapore. Lectotype: ZMB 5145. Paralectotypes: ZMB 724 (1), 32760 (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:278-279 [ref. 19946]. Lectotype selected by Knapp & Imamura 1997:386 [ref. 23204]. •Synonym of Platycephalus carbunculus Valenciennes 1833 -- (Knapp & Imamura 1997:384 [ref. 23204]). •Synonym of Sunagocia carbunculus (Valenciennes 1833). Current status: Synonym of Sunagocia carbunculus (Valenciennes 1833). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

madagascariensis, Cottus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:231, 248, Pl. 11 (figs. 1, 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Fort Dauphin, Madagascar. Originally appeared as Cottus madagascariensis on p. 231, but with vernacular name only on p. 248 and in Pl. 11. Based on description and illustration in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:280, 304 (vol. 8) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Knapp 1986:484 [ref. 5683], Kottelat 2013:318 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus 1758). Platycephalidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

malabaricus, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:245 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Mahé, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6848. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:44 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Cociella crocodila (Cuvier 1829) with author as Tilesius 1812 -- (Knapp 1986:483 [ref. 5683], Knapp 1996:23 [ref. 22010]). •Synonym of Cociella punctata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Imamura & Yoshino 2009:312 [ref. 30527], Kottelat 2013:317 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cociella punctata (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

malayanus, Platycephalus Bleeker [P.] 1854:498 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5965] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5968. •Synonym of Thysanophrys otaitensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Knapp 1986:485 [ref. 5683], Imamura et al. 1995:278 [ref. 22177], Imamura et al. 1995:278 [ref. 22177]). •Synonym of Eurycephalus otaitensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Randall 2005:132 [ref. 28239]). •Synonym of Sunagocia otaitensis (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Sunagocia otaitensis (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Platycephalus Stead [D. G.] 1908:9, Pls. 3-5 [New fishes from New South Wales (No. 1); ref. 13271] Port Stephens, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.15260. Paratypes: (1) (whereabouts unknown). Type catalog: Imamura 2006:296, 304 [ref. 35848]. •Valid as Platycephalus marmoratus Stead 1908 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:469 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:104 [ref. 23929], Imamura 1996:199 [ref. 22700], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Imamura 2006:296 [ref. 35848], Paxton et al. 2006:943 [ref. 29079], Imamura & Knapp 2009:62 [ref. 30532], Imamura 2015:171 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Valid as Platycephalus marmoratus Stead 1908. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia: Queensland, Tasmania, New South Wales and Victoria. Habitat: marine.

mcgroutheri, Rogadius Imamura [H.] 2007:303, Figs. 1-4 [Ichthyological Research v. 54 (no. 3); ref. 29242] New Caledonia. Holotype: AMS I.25752-001. Paratypes: AMS I.25752-004 (2); MNHN 2006-1608 (9); QM I.35077 (2), I.36243 (2), I.36852 (1), I.37440 (2). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Rogadius mcgroutheri Imamura 2007 -- (Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Rogadius mcgroutheri Imamura 2007. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Eastern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

meerdervoortii, Platycephalus Bleeker [P.] 1860:80, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 8 (art. 1); ref. 374] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Suggrundus meerdervoortii (Bleeker 1860) [sometimes as meerdervoorti] -- (Ochiai in Masuda et al. 1984:321 [ref. 6441], Shao & Chen 1987:82 [ref. 8042], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:150 [ref. 15964], Imamura et al. 1996 [ref. 22113], Imamura 1996:209 [ref. 22700], Lee & Joo 1998:220 [ref. 25739], Nakabo 2000:618 [ref. 25086], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Shimizu 2001:27 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:618 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:258, 571 [ref. 26218]). Current status: Valid as Suggrundus meerdervoortii (Bleeker 1860). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

megacephalus, Thysanophrys Tanaka [S.] 1917:11 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 29 (no. 339); ref. 4329] Fish market in Tokyo, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT (lost or never at ZUMT). •Synonym of Ratabulus diveridens (McCulloch 1914) -- (Knapp 1999:2410 [ref. 24807] as diversidans). •Valid as Ratabulus megacephalus (Tanaka 1917) -- (Ochiai in Masuda et al. 1984:322 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:599, 729 [ref. 8056], Shao & Chen 1987:86 [ref. 8042], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:155 [ref. 15964], Imamura 1996:201 [ref. 22700], Lee & Joo 1998:219 [ref. 25739], Nakabo 2000:618 [ref. 25086], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:69 [ref. 25480], Shinohara et al. 2001:318 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:618 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:258, 570 [ref. 26218], Imamura & Gomon 2010:19 [ref. 31104]). Current status: Valid as Ratabulus megacephalus (Tanaka 1917). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan to South China Sea to Philippines. Habitat: marine.

melanoptera, Sorsogona Knapp [L. W.] & Wongratana [T.] 1987:381, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 100 (no. 2); ref. 9158] About 3.2 kilometers off Cochin, India, depth 14-38 meters. Holotype: USNM 280331. Paratypes: ANSP 158798 (1); BPBM 27695 (3); CAS 58595 (1); CUB 2528.2.9.7 (1); USNM 223751 (1), 280332-43 (1, 3, 1, 2, 2, 1, 4, 8, 1, 3, 11, 8), 280362-63 (31, 35); ZMH 5302 (6). •Valid as Rogadius melanopterus (Knapp & Wongratana 1987) -- (Imamura 1996:216 [ref. 22700], Imamura 2007:303 [ref. 29242]). •Valid as Sorsogona melanoptera Knapp & Wongratana 1987 -- (Krishnan & Mishra 1993:220 [ref. 24016], Randall 1995:118 [ref. 22896], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:242 [ref. 24754], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:27 [ref. 27712], Knapp & Heemstra 2011:75 [ref. 31327], Psomadakis et al. 2015:193 [ref. 34104]). Current status: Valid as Sorsogona melanoptera Knapp & Wongratana 1987. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Gulf of Oman to Andaman sea off southern Thailand. Habitat: marine.

melsomi, Planiprora Whitley [G. P.] 1945:38 [Australian Zoologist v. 11 (pt 1); ref. 4707] Beach at Geraldton, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IB.1367 (head). •Synonym of Platycephalus speculator Klunzinger 1872 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:470 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:943 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2015:167 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Synonym of Platycephalus speculator Klunzinger 1872. Platycephalidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

micracanthus, Platycephalus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1873:60 [Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 9 (pt 2, Bulletin); ref. 18661] Red Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7441 (dry). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:44-45 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Platycephalus micracanthus Sauvage 1873 -- (Dor 1984:91 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:23 [ref. 25356]). •Synonym of Papilloculiceps longiceps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:66 [ref. 35264]). Current status: Synonym of Papilloculiceps longiceps (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

mortoni, Platycephalus Macleay [W.] 1883:206 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 14342] Lower Burdekin River (salt water), Queensland, Australia. No types known. •Status uncertain -- (Paxton et al. 1989:472 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Neoplatycephalus richardsoni (Castelnau 1872) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:518 [ref. 22532]). •Synonym of Platycephalus richardsoni Castelnau 1872 -- (Paxton et al. 2006:943 [ref. 29079]). •Synonym of Plactycephalus fuscus Cuvier 1829 -- (Imamura 2013:282 [ref. 33362], Imamura 2015:186 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Synonym of Platycephalus fuscus Cuvier 1829. Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

muelleri, Platycephalus Klunzinger [C. B.] 1879:255 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 22); ref. 18913] Port Denison, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): SMNS 1880. Type catalog: Fricke 1992:15 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:54 [ref. 29864]. Name appeared as Mülleri in original. Also appeared in Klunzinger 1880:368 [44 of separate], Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [ref. 2624]. •Synonym of Suggrundus bosschei (Bleeker 1860) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:471 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Cymbacephalus bosschei (Bleeker 1860) -- (Paxton et al. 2006:935 [ref. 29079]). Current status: Synonym of Cymbacephalus bosschei (Bleeker 1860). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

neglectus, Platycephalus Troschel [F. H.] 1840:272 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 6 (pt. 1); ref. 17930] No locality. Holotype (unique): ZMB 729. Syntypes: ZMB 729 (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:279 [ref. 19946], Paepke 1999:114, and errata on inside of back cover [ref. 24282]. •Synonym of Grammoplites scaber (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Knapp in Paepke 1999:108 [ref. 24282], Kottelat 2013:318 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Grammoplites scaber (Linnaeus 1758). Platycephalidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nematophthalmus, Platycephalus Günther [A.] 1860:184 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Victoria River and Port Essington, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1855.9.19.96 (1), 1858.12.27.28 (1, stuffed). •Valid as Papilloculiceps nematophthalmus (Günther 1860) -- (Allen 1997:80 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:353 [ref. 23967]). •Valid as Cymbacephalus nematophthalmus (Günther 1860) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:52 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:466 [ref. 12442], Imamura 1996:204 [ref. 22700], Knapp 1999:2396 [ref. 24807], Johnson 1999:728 [ref. 25471], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830], Paxton et al. 2006:935 [ref. 29079], Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:255 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:89 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:317 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:56 [ref. 33932], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2015:31 [ref. 34319], Motomura et al. 2017:72 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2019:107 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Cymbacephalus nematophthalmus (Günther 1860). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Malaysia and Indonesia east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), south to northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nigripinnis, Platycephalus Regan [C. T.] 1905:322, Pl. 1(A) (fig. 2) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 16; ref. 15386] Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean, depth 15-30 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1904.5.25.145. •Valid as Rogadius nigripinnis (Regan 1905) -- (Knapp 1979:49 [ref. 14196], Imamura 1996:216 [ref. 22700], Imamura 2007:303 [ref. 29242]). •Valid as Sorsogona nigripinna (Regan 1905) -- (Randall 1995:118 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:578 [ref. 27969], Knapp & Heemstra 2011:75 [ref. 31327]). Current status: Valid as Sorsogona nigripinna (Regan 1905). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Somalia and Gulf of Aden to Gulf of Oman. Habitat: marine.

ochiaii, Inegocia Imamura [H.] 2010:22, Figs. 1-4 [Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Ser. A) Supplement No. 4; ref. 30804] Kashiwajima Island, Kochi Prefecture, Japan (35.2°N, 132.7°E). Holotype: BSKU 48578. Paratypes: at BSKU, HUMZ and NSMT. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Inegocia ochiaii Imamura 2010. Current status: Valid as Inegocia ochiaii Imamura 2010. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Southern Japan, East and South China seas. Habitat: marine.

oligolepis, Platycephalus Regan [C. T.] 1908:238, Pl. 29 (fig. 4) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Cargados Carajos, Indian Ocean, depth 20-30 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.3.23.208. •Valid as Onigocia oligolepis (Regan 1908) -- (Knapp 1986:483 [ref. 5683], Randall et al. 1990:86 [ref. 15987], Imamura 1996:214 [ref. 22700], Randall et al. 1997:86 [ref. 25919], Knapp et al. 2000:6 [ref. 26638], Heemstra et al. 2004:3318 [ref. 27945], Imamura et al. 2006:296 [ref. 28670], Paxton et al. 2006:939 [ref. 29079], Imamura & McGrouther 2008:239 [ref. 29804], Imamura & Knapp 2009:27 [ref. 30054], Imamura 2011:58 [ref. 31573], Imamura 2012:30 [ref. 32157], Imamura 2016:157 [ref. 35406]). Current status: Valid as Onigocia oligolepis (Regan 1908). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

omanensis, Sunagocia Knapp [L. W.] & Randall [J. E.] 2013:98, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 3718 (no. 1); ref. 32932] Oman, Kuria Muria Islands, Sawda Island, off southwest side, edge of rocky bottom and adjacent sand and rubble, SCUBA, depth 21 meters, Holotype: BPBM 36045. Paratypes: USNM 329516 (1). •Valid as Sunagocia omanensis Knapp & Randall 2013. Current status: Valid as Sunagocia omanensis Knapp & Randall 2013. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Oman. Habitat: marine.

orbitalis, Platycephalus Imamura [H.] & Knapp [L. W.] 2009:58, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 2271; ref. 30532] Northeast of Rottnest Island, Western Australia, 31°52.56'S, 115°18.30'E to 31°52.60'S, 115°18.49'E, depth 100-102 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 6349-04. Paratypes: CSIRO H 6350-02 (1), H 6381-03 (1), H T 615 (1); WAM P.17451 (2), P.22098-001 (1). Imamura & Knapp 2009: •Valid as Platycephalus orbitalis Imamura & Knapp 2009 -- (Imamura 2015:173 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Valid as Platycephalus orbitalis Imamura & Knapp 2009. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

otaitensis, Cottus Cuvier [G.] (ex Parkinson) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:242 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Tahiti, Society Islands, French Polynesia, South Pacific. No types known. Based on a drawing; authorship sometimes given as Parkinson. Described in remarks to Platycephalus fuscus Cuvier 1829. •Valid as Thysanophrys otaitensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Knapp 1986:485 [ref. 5683], Paxton et al. 1989:472 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:22 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:87 [ref. 15987], Imamura et al. 1995:278 [ref. 22177], Kuiter 1997:98 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:87 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:104 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:171 [ref. 24106], Knapp 1999:2421 [ref. 24807], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847]). •Valid as Eurycephalus otaitensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Imamura & Knapp 1999:183 [ref. 23886], Randall 1999:11 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:619 [ref. 25086], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:10 [ref. 25806], Nakabo 2002:619 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830] with author as Bleeker 1853, Randall et al. 2004:11 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:132 [ref. 28239], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988]). •Valid as Sunagocia otaitensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Knapp & Imamura 2004:545 [ref. 28022], Paxton et al. 2006:946 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2009:77 [ref. 30434], Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:257 [ref. 31980], Knapp & Randall 2013:98 [ref. 32932], Fricke et al. 2014:56 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:141 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Sunagocia otaitensis (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Distribution: East and South Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara islands, south to Australia, New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

papillaris, Thysanophrys Imamura [H.] & Knapp [L. W.] 1999:180, Figs. 1-4 [Ichthyological Research v. 46 (no. 2); ref. 23886] Southwest of Flat Top Bank, Timor Sea, Western Australia, 12°28'S, 128°37'E, depth 98 meters. Holotype: NTM S.13325-001. Paratypes: NTM S.12912-008 (1), USNM 344833-34 [not 244833-34] (2, 2). •Valid as Thysanophrys papillaris Imamura & Knapp 1999 -- (Paxton et al. 2006:947 [ref. 29079], Knapp 2013:128 [ref. 32395]. Larson et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32988], Imamura et al. 2019:17 [ref. 36722]). Current status: Valid as Thysanophrys papillaris Imamura & Knapp 1999. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Vietnam; Western Australia and northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

papilloculus, Platycephalus Fowler [H. W.] 1935:399, Figs. 32-33 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 87; ref. 1421] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: ANSP 63808. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:143 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Papilloculiceps longiceps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Knapp 1986:484 [ref. 5683]). Current status: Synonym of Papilloculiceps longiceps (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

papillolabium, Thysanophrys Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1966:55, Pl. 130 (fig. A); Fig. 145 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 3; ref. 5366] Ocean reef off Cherry Island, Bikini Atoll, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 141004. Paratypes: USNM 141000-03 (12, 1, 1, 3), 141005-06 (1, 2), 152920-21 [ex UW] (1, 2), 202549 [ex UW] (1), 202551-53 [ex UW] (2, 4, 1). •Synonym of Thysanophrys otaitensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Knapp 1986:485 [ref. 5683], Shao & Chen 1987:86 [ref. 8042], Randall et al. 1990:87 [ref. 15987], Imamura et al. 1995:278 [ref. 22177]). •Valid as Thysanophrys papillolabium Schultz 1966 -- (Paxton et al. 2006:948 [ref. 29079]). •Synonym of Eurycephalus otaitensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Randall 2005:132 [ref. 28239]). •Synonym of Sunagocia otaitensis (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Sunagocia otaitensis (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

parilis, Insidiator McCulloch [A. R.] 1914:151, Fig. 14, Pl. 31 (fig. 2) [Biological Results Endeavour v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 2940] Darwin, and Mapoon, Gulf of Carpenteria, Northern Territory, Australia. Syntypes: (3) AMS I.5279 (1), I.6122 (1). •Synonym of Suggrundus staigeri (Castelnau 1875) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:471 [ref. 12442] but possibly valid, Larson & Williams 1997:354 [ref. 23967]). •Synonym of Cymbacephalus staigeri (Castelnau 1857) -- (Knapp 1999:2397 [ref. 24807]). Current status: Synonym of Cymbacephalus staigeri (Castelnau 1875). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

patriciae, Rogadius Knapp [L. W.] 1987:54, Fig. [Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 17687] Northwest Shelf, Western Australia, 20°04'-04'S, 116°09'-10'E, depth 64 meters. Holotype: AMS 26330-001. Paratypes: USNM 280182 (1), WAM P.26212-004 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:17 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:18 [ref. 30117] •Valid as Rogadius patriciae Knapp 1987 -- (Imamura 1996:216 [ref. 22700], Knapp 1999:2411 [ref. 24807], Nakabo 2000:616 [ref. 25086], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:616 [ref. 26001], Adrim et al. 2004:119 [ref. 27715], Paxton et al. 2006:944 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2007:303 [ref. 29242], Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:256 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Rogadius patriciae Knapp 1987. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia to Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands, Australia, and New Caledonia; including the southeastern Indian Ocean off Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

pedimacula, Platycephalus Regan [C. T.] 1908:238 [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Kolumadulu, Maldives, Indian Ocean, depth 35 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1901.12.31.45. •Valid as Onigocia pedimacula (Regan 1908) -- (Imamura 1996:214 [ref. 22700], Knapp 1999:2405 [ref. 24807], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Knapp et al. 2000:6 [ref. 26638], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:42 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:11 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:133 [ref. 28239], Imamura et al. 2006:296 [ref. 28670], Paxton et al. 2006:939 [ref. 29079], Imamura & McGrouther 2008:239 [ref. 29804], Imamura & Knapp 2009:27 [ref. 30054], Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Imamura 2011:58 [ref. 31573], Allen & Erdmann 2012:255 [ref. 31980], Imamura 2012:30 [ref. 32157], Psomadakis et al. 2015:192 [ref. 34104], Imamura 2016:157 [ref. 35406]). Current status: Valid as Onigocia pedimacula (Regan 1908). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Maldive Islands to Indonesia, Philippines, Solomon Islands, Australia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

pellucidus, Hyalorhynchus Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:118 [On some new fishes from the Queensland coast; ref. 3289] Pine Peak and Cape Gloucester, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: (4) ?AMS I.12696-98 (1, 1, 1) Pine Peak, ?AMS I.12699-12702 (1, 1, 1, 1) northeast of Bowen I; QM I.1556 (1) Pine Peak, ?I.1412-21 (1 ea.) Cape Glouster, ?I.484 (1) Pine Peak; ? CAS-SU 23880 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:125 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Elates ransonnettii (Steindachner 1876) [as ransonnetii] -- (Paxton et al. 1989:466 [ref. 12442], Imamura et al. 2006:293 [ref. 28670], Paxton et al. 2006:936 [ref. 29079]). Current status: Synonym of Elates ransonnettii (Steindachner 1876). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

polyodon, Platycephalus Bleeker [P.] 1853:462 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 336] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5992 (1 of 2). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:45 [ref. 20738] with MNHN 4529 as holotype from Celebes, but Imamura & Amaoka 1996:97 [ref. 22119] suggest that RMNH 5992 contains the holotype. Originally as polijodon, with ij the Dutch equivalent to y; therefore changed to polyodon. •Synonym of Rogadius serratus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Imamura & Amaoka 1996:97 [ref. 22119], Imamura 1996:217 [ref. 22700], Imamura et al. 2006:297 [ref. 28670]). Current status: Synonym of Rogadius serratus (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

portuguesus, Thysanophrys Smith [J. L. B.] 1953:17, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Memorias do Museu Dr. Alvaro de Castro No. 2; ref. 4087] Mozambique Channel, near Lorenço Marques, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 110. •Valid as Grammoplites portugesus (Smith 1953) -- (Knapp 1986:483 [ref. 5683], Imamura & Amaoka 1994:177 [ref. 21442]). •Valid as Rogadius portuguesus (Smith 1953) -- (Imamura 1996:202 [ref. 22700], Imamura 1996:216 [ref. 22700], Imamura 2007:303 [ref. 29242]). •Valid as Sorsogona portuguesa (Smith 1953) -- (Knapp & Heemstra 2011:75 [ref. 31327], Fricke et al. 2018:141 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Sorsogona portuguesa (Smith 1953). Platycephalidae. Distribution: South Africa and Mozambique to southern Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

prionotus, Platycephalus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1873:57 [Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 9 (pt 2, Bulletin); ref. 18661] Red Sea? (is possibly Madagascar). Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2338. •Valid as Rogadius prionotus (Sauvage 1873) -- (Imamura 1996:216 [ref. 22700], Fricke 1999:171 [ref. 24106], Imamura 2007:303 [ref. 29242]). •Valid as Sorsogona prionota (Sauvage 1873) -- (Knapp 1979:50 [ref. 14196], Dor 1984:91 [ref. 29757], Knapp 1986:484 [ref. 5683], Golani & Ben-Tuvia 1990:59 [ref. 15617], Goren & Dor 1994:23 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:119 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:141 [ref. 23922], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Knapp & Heemstra 2011:75 [ref. 31327], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:415 [ref. 33460], Psomadakis et al. 2015:193 [ref. 34104], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:59 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Sorsogona prionota (Sauvage 1873). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Pakistan; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

pristiger, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:260 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] New Guinea; Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4165 (1) New Guinea, 0000-6855 (1) New Guinea, 0000-6849 (1) Sulawesi, ?0000-6850 (1) New Caledonia, 0000-6856 (1) Sulawesi. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:45 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Rogadius pristiger (Cuvier 1829) -- (Krishnan & Mishra 1993:220 [ref. 24016], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:279 [ref. 24014], Randall 1995:118 [ref. 22896], Imamura 1996:216 [ref. 22700], Carpenter et al. 1997:141 [ref. 23922], Knapp 1999:2412 [ref. 24807], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Randall et al. 2004:11 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:133 [ref. 28239], Imamura et al. 2006:297 [ref. 28670], Paxton et al. 2006:945 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2007:303 [ref. 29242], Imamura 2009:76 [ref. 30434], Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Knapp 2012:62 [ref. 31852], Allen & Erdmann 2012:256 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:91 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:56 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:140 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:59 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:108 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Rogadius pristiger (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

pristis, Platycephalus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1855:433 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1855; ref. 3449] Mozambique, 15°S. Holotype: ZMB 736. Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:279 [ref. 19946]. Also described as new in Peters 1855:240 [ref. 13448]. •Valid as Platycephalus pristis Peters 1855 -- (Dor 1984:91 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Thysanophrys celebica (Bleeker 1855) -- (Knapp 1986:485 [ref. 5683]). Current status: Synonym of Thysanophrys celebica (Bleeker 1855). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

proximus, Platycephalus Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:85 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Melbourne market, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-4285 (dry). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:45 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Platycephalus laevigatus Cuvier 1829 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:469 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:521 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:942 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2015:155 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Synonym of Platycephalus laevigatus Cuvier 1829. Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:243 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Trincomalee, Sri Lanka, eastern Indian Ocean; Vanicoro, Solomon Islands, western Pacific; Madagascar, western Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6836 (1), 0000-6851 (1) Trincomalee, 0000-6852 (1) Vanicoro. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:45-46 [ref. 20738]. Based on specimens and a drawing by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). •Synonym of Cociella crocodila (Tilesius 1812) -- (Knapp 1986:483 [ref. 5683], Shao & Chen 1987:87 [ref. 8042]). •Valid as Cociella punctata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Knapp 1996:23 [ref. 22010], Imamura 1996:203 [ref. 22700], Myers 1999:104 [ref. 23965], Knapp 1999:2393 [ref. 24807], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:42 [ref. 27510], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:149 [ref. 28072], Imamura 2009:74 [ref. 30434], Imamura & Yoshino 2009:312 [ref. 30527], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:66 [ref. 35264], Fricke et al. 2011:381 [ref. 31242], Imamura 2011:397 [ref. 31625], Allen & Erdmann 2012:254 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:317 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:88 [ref. 34464], Psomadakis et al. 2015:190 [ref. 34104], Fricke et al. 2018:139 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:58 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Cociella punctata (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines and Vanuatu, north to Taiwan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

quoyi, Platycephalus Bleeker [P.] 1856:206 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 16861] Ternate Island and Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3) RMNH 5915 (2 of 3). •Synonym of Cociella punctata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Knapp 1996:23 [ref. 22010], Imamura 2011:397 [ref. 31625], Kottelat 2013:317 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cociella punctata (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

randalli, Thysanophrys Knapp [L. W.] 2013:128, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 3608 (no. 2); ref. 32395] Western Indian Ocean, Mauritius, west coast, 20°16'S, 57°22'E, depth 4-10 meters. Holotype: USNM 341987. Paratypes: ANSP 177879 (2), SAIAB 62743 (2), USNM 344829 (1), 362767 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Thysanophrys randalli Knapp 2013. Current status: Valid as Thysanophrys randalli Knapp 2013. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Mascarene Islands, Western Indian Ocean; Pacific Ocean tentatively identified. Habitat: marine.

ransonnettii, Platycephalus Steindachner [F.] 1876:209 [161] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Singapore. Syntypes: NMW 11124 (4). On p. 161 of separate. Also spelled ransonneti and ransonnetii in literature. The original spelling was ransonnettii. •Valid as Elates ransonnettii (Steindachner 1876) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:278 [ref. 19754] as ransonneti, Allen & Swainston 1988:52 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:466 [ref. 12442], Imamura 1996:200 [ref. 22700], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:575 [ref. 27969] as ransonneti, Allen 1997:80 [ref. 23977] as ransonnetti, Knapp 1999:2398 [ref. 24807], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:607 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:98 [ref. 26368] as ransonneti, Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Imamura et al. 2006:293 [ref. 28670] as ransonnetii, Paxton et al. 2006:936 [ref. 29079] as ransonneti, Lipej & Dulčić 2010:38 [ref. 36649], Larson et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32988] as ransonnetii, Yoshida et al. 2013:89 [ref. 34464], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:85 [ref. 36460], Motomura et al. 2017:72 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Elates ransonnettii (Steindachner 1876). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia and Malaysia east to Philippines, north toTaiwan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

rarita, Thysanophrys Knapp [L. W.] 2013:130, Figs. 3-5 [Zootaxa 3608 (no. 2); ref. 32395] Western Indian Ocean, Somalia, 7°59'24"N, 49°59'54"E, depth 22 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 316125. •Valid as Thysanophrys rarita Knapp 2013. Current status: Valid as Thysanophrys rarita Knapp 2013. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean, Somalia. Habitat: marine.

richardsoni, Platycephalus Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:82 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Melbourne markets, Victoria, Australia. No types known. Spelled richardsonii on p. 240. •Valid as Neoplatycephalus richardsoni (Castelnau 1872) -- (Kuiter 1993:101 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:518 [ref. 22532]). •Valid as Platycephalus richardsoni Castelnau 1872 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:469 [ref. 12442], Imamura 1996:199 [ref. 22700], Paxton et al. 2006:943 [ref. 29079], Gomon 2008:520 [ref. 30616], Imamura 2015:183 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Valid as Platycephalus richardsoni Castelnau 1872. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Southeastern Australia: New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Habitat: marine.

rodericensis, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:253 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-6838. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1992-0002 [ex MNHN 0000-6838] (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:46 [ref. 20738]. Lectotype established by Sauvage 1873 and locality probably in error (see Knapp 1992:389 [ref. 22825]). •Valid as Suggrundus rodericensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Shao & Chen 1987:82 [ref. 8042], Paxton et al. 1989:471 [ref. 12442], Knapp 1992:390 [ref. 22825], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:221 [ref. 24016]). •Valid as Platycephalus rodericensis Cuvier 1829 -- (Mohsin & Ambak 1996:576 [ref. 27969] with authors as Cuvier & Valenciennes). •Valid as Kumococius rodericensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Randall 1995:117 [ref. 22896], Imamura 1996:205 [ref. 22700], Carpenter et al. 1997:140 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:173 [ref. 26476], Fricke 1999:170 [ref. 24106], Knapp 1999:2403 [ref. 24807], Nakabo 2000:618 [ref. 25086], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:318 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:618 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Heemstra 2004:3337 [ref. 27945], Paxton et al. 2006:937 [ref. 29079], Fricke et al. 2009:42 [ref. 30213], Larson et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:90 [ref. 34464], Psomadakis et al. 2015:191 [ref. 34104], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:87 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Kumococius rodericensis (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Oman and western Mascarenes east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

rogad, Cottus Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:25, x [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Red Sea. No types known. An alternate name for Cottus insidiator Forsskål 1775. Rogad mentioned only as common name under account of insidiator on p. x but not on p. 25. •In the synonymy of Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 2013:318 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus 1758). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

rudis, Platycephalus Günther [A.] 1877:436, Pl. 29 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 20 (no. 119) (art. 56); ref. 2009] Yokohama, Japan. BMNH 1879.5.14.221. Also described as new in Günther 1880:66, Pl. 29 (fig. B) [ref. 2011]. Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

sainsburyi, Sunagocia Knapp [L. W.] & Imamura [H.] 2004:547, Figs. 1-6 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 117 (no. 4); ref. 28022] 125 kilometers northeast of Port Hedland, 19°07'S, 119°25'E, Western Australia, depth 73-74 meters. Holotype: WAM P.26230-007. Paratypes: CSIRO H 5856-01 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:18 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Sunagocia sainsburyi Knapp & Imamura 2004 -- (Paxton et al. 2006:946 [ref. 29079], Knapp & Randall 2013:98 [ref. 32932], Larson et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Sunagocia sainsburyi Knapp & Imamura 2004. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Australia: Northern Territory and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

scaber, Cottus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:265 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] No locality [probably East Indies]. Holotype: NRM 24. Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:234 [ref. 20707]. •Valid as Platycephalus scaber (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Mohsin & Ambak 1996:577 [ref. 27969], Khan 2003:8 [ref. 27710]). •Valid as Grammoplites scaber (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Shao & Chen 1987:82 [ref. 8042], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:782 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:103 [ref. 23448], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:220 [ref. 24016], Imamura & Amaoka 1994:177 [ref. 21442], Randall 1995:116 [ref. 22896], Imamura 1996:202 [ref. 22700], Imamura 1997:425 [ref. 23366], Carpenter et al. 1997:139 [ref. 23922], Knapp 1999:2400 [ref. 24807], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:185 [ref. 25703], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Yamakawa & Machida 2004:388 [ref. 28104], Imamura 2009:75 [ref. 30434], Kottelat 2013:317 [ref. 32989], Knapp & Imamura 2014:450 [ref. 33427], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2015:32 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2015:191 [ref. 34104], Miesen et al. 2016:88 [ref. 34492], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:86 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Grammoplites scaber (Linnaeus 1758). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: west coast of India east to Philippines, north to Taiwan. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sculptus, Platycephalus Günther [A.] 1880:41, Pl. 17 (fig. A) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Arafura Sea. Syntypes: BMNH 1879.5.14.224 (1), 1879.5.14.261 (1). •Synonym of Suggrundus rodericensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Knapp 1992:390 [ref. 22825]). •Synonym of Kumococius rodericensis (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Kumococius rodericensis (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

semermis, Platycephalus De Vis [C. W.] 1883:285 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 1088] South Australia. No types known. •Possibly a synonym of Leviprora inops (Jenyns 1840) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:467 [ref. 12442]). •Incertae sedis in Platycephalidae -- (Paxton et al. 2006:948 [ref. 29079]). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

serratus, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:259 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Trincomalee, Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6847. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:46 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Rogadius serratus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:470 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:22 [ref. 13251], Imamura & Amaoka 1996:97 [ref. 22119], Imamura 1996:216 [ref. 22700], Knapp 1999:2413 [ref. 24807], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:26 [ref. 27712], Randall 2005:133 [ref. 28239], Imamura et al. 2006:297 [ref. 28670], Paxton et al. 2006:945 [ref. 29079], Paxton et al. 2006:945 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2007:303 [ref. 29242], Imamura 2009:76 [ref. 30434], Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Knapp 2012:61 [ref. 31852], Allen & Erdmann 2012:256 [ref. 31980], Psomadakis et al. 2015:192 [ref. 34104]). Current status: Valid as Rogadius serratus (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles and Mauritius (Mascarenes), southwestern Indian Ocean. east to Philippines and New Guinea, south to northern Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

serrulata, Sorsogona Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1934:67 [Notes on fishes in the Zoological Museum of Stanford University. 1. The fishes of the Herre Philippine expedition of 1931.; ref. 2108] Magallanes, Sorsogon Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 26771. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:125 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Rogadius tuberculatus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Imamura et al. 2006:298 [ref. 28670]). Current status: Synonym of Rogadius tuberculatus (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

sibogae, Onigocia Imamura [H.] 2011:53, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 3066; ref. 31573] Ceram Sea, northwest of New Guinea, 1°42.5'S, 130°47.5'E, depth 32 meters. Lectotype: ZMA 112434. Paralectotypes: ZMA 124953 [ex ZMA 112434] (1). Other paralectotypes are not this species (ZMA 112435 (2)) now syntypes of Platycephalus horai de Beaufort 1956 and 124954 [ex 112434] (1) is a specimen of Onigocia grandisquama (Regan 1908). Replacement name for Platycephalus grandisquamis Weber 1913, preoccupied by Platycephalus grandisquamis Regan 1908. Lectotype selected by Imamura 2011:53 [ref. 31573]. •Valid as Onigocia sibogae Imamura 2011 -- (Imamura 2012:30 [ref. 32157], Larson et al. 2013:91 [ref. 32988], Imamura 2016:157 [ref. 35406]). Current status: Valid as Onigocia sibogae Imamura 2011. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Ceram, Arafura, Timor and Coral seas. Habitat: marine.

somaliensis, Cociella Knapp [L. W.] 1996:29, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 109 (no. 1); ref. 22010] South of Ras Hafun, Somalia, western Indian Ocean, 10°13'00"N, 51°00'18"E, depth 30 meters. Holotype: USNM 326300. Paratypes: BMNH 1993.11.5.1-3 (3); MNHN 1993-0265 (1), 1993-0266 (1); USNM 302846-47 (1, 3), 326298-99 (20, 8), 326301 (1). •Valid as Cociella somaliensis Knapp 1996 -- (Imamura 1996:203 [ref. 22700], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377]). Current status: Valid as Cociella somaliensis Knapp 1996. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

spathula, Platycephalus Bloch [M. E.] 1795:97, Pl. 424 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 9; ref. 464] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Syntypes: ZMB 720 (2). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:279 [ref. 19946], Paepke 1999:114 [ref. 24282]. On p. 90 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 12 [ref. 21381]. Spelled spatula in Bloch & Schneider 1801:59 [ref. 471], spatule in literature. •Synonym of Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:592 [ref. 7218], Paxton et al. 2006:942 [ref. 29079], Kottelat 2013:318 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus 1758). Platycephalidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

speculator, Platycephalus Klunzinger [C. B.] 1872:28 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 38 (pt. 1); ref. 2623] Hobson's Bay, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): SMNS 1570. Type catalog: Fricke 1992:15 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:54 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Platycephalus speculator Klunzinger 1872 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:470 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:103 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:522 [ref. 22532], Imamura 1996:199 [ref. 22700], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:943 [ref. 29079], Gomon 2008:521 [ref. 30616], Imamura 2012:119 [ref. 33646], Imamura 2015:167 [ref. 33640], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Platycephalus speculator Klunzinger 1872. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria (Australia). Habitat: brackish, marine.

spinosus, Platycephalus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:40, Pl. 16 (figs. 1-2) [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 567a. Paralectotypes: RMNH 567b-g (6). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:51 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Onigocia spinosa (Temminck & Schegel 1843) -- (Ochiai in Masuda et al. 1984:321 [ref. 6441], Shao & Chen 1987:81 [ref. 8042], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:148 [ref. 15964], Allen & Swainston 1988:52 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:467 [ref. 12442], Imamura 1996:214 [ref. 22700], Allen 1997:80 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:98 [ref. 25488], Hirota & Sasaki 1998:294 [ref. 23493], Lee & Joo 1998:218 [ref. 25739], Knapp 1999:2406 [ref. 24807], Nakabo 2000:620 [ref. 25086], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Knapp et al. 2000:6 [ref. 26638], Nakabo 2002:620 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:258, 570 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:21 [ref. 26830] with author as Günther, Shinohara et al. 2005:428 [ref. 28370] dated 1844, Imamura et al. 2006:296 [ref. 28670], Paxton et al. 2006:939 [ref. 29079], Imamura & McGrouther 2008:239 [ref. 29804], Imamura & Knapp 2009:27 [ref. 30054], Imamura 2011:58 [ref. 31573], Allen & Erdmann 2012:255 [ref. 31980], Imamura 2012:30 [ref. 32157], Larson et al. 2013:91 [ref. 32988] dated 1843, Imamura 2016:157 [ref. 35406], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:88 [ref. 36460], Fricke et al. 2019:108 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Onigocia spinosa (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Japan, south to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

springeri, Thysanophrys Knapp [L. W.] 2013:131, Figs. 6-7 [Zootaxa 3608 (no. 2); ref. 32395] Red Sea, Eritrea, mouth of Melita Bay, 15°15'N, 39°49'E, depth to 7 meters. Holotype: USNM 344831. Paratypes: BPBM 18274 (1); HUJ 12615 (5); NMW 11204 (69); USNM 362819 (2), 362820 (4). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Thysanophrys springeri Knapp 2013 -- (DiBattista et al. 2015:21 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:59 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Thysanophrys springeri Knapp 2013. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

staigeri, Platycephalus Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:17 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Platycephalus staigeri Castelnau 1875 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:471 [ref. 12442] but possibly a synonym of Platycephalus nematophthalmus Günther 1860). •Valid as Suggrundus staigeri (Castelnau 1875) -- (Larson & Williams 1997:354 [ref. 23967], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847]). •Valid as Cymbacephalus staigeri (Castelnau 1875) -- (Imamura 1996:204 [ref. 22700], Knapp 1999:2397 [ref. 24807], Johnson 1999:728 [ref. 25471], Paxton et al. 2006:936 [ref. 29079], Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Larson et al. 2013:90 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Cymbacephalus staigeri (Castelnau 1875). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

subfasciatus, Platycephalus Günther [A.] 1887:551, Pl. 49 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1887 (pt 3) (art. 8) (for 23 June 1887); ref. 2014] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1886.2.5.7. •Synonym of Rogadius prionotus (Sauvage 1873) -- (Fricke 1999:171 [ref. 24106]). •Synonym of Sorsogona prionota (Sauvage 1873). Current status: Synonym of Sorsogona prionota (Sauvage 1873). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

suggrundus, Suggrundus tuberculatus Whitley [G. P.] 1933:96 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 4677] Platypus Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS E.2888. Based on specimens identified as Insidiator tuberculatus in McCulloch 1914:138, 142, Pl. 29 (fig. 10) [ref. 2940]. •Synonym of Sorsogona tuberculata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:470 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Rogadius tuberculatus (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Rogadius tuberculatus (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

sumatranus, Platycephalus Anonymous [Bennett [E. T.]] 1830:687 [Memoir of the life and public services of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles; ref. 259] Sumatra, Indonesia. On Code recommendation 51D, the anonymous author is listed in square brackets. Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

sundaicus, Platycephalus Bleeker [P.] 1878:no p., Pl. 419 (fig. 4) [Atlas ichthyologique des Indes Orientales Néêrlandaises; ref. 6835] Sumatra and Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2). Available from Pl. 419 as above; text in Bleeker 1879:18 [ref. 17122]. •Synonym of Suggrundus macracanthus (Bleeker 1869) -- (Knapp 1999:2416 [ref. 24807]). Current status: Synonym of Suggrundus macracanthus (Bleeker 1869). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

suppositus, Platycephalus Troschel [F. H.] 1840:269 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 6 (pt. 1); ref. 17930] No locality stated [Mumbay, India]. Syntypes: ZMB 727 [ex MNHN] (1) Bombay [Mumbai], 728 (2). Type catalog: Paepke & Fricke 1992:279 [ref. 19946]. •Valid as Grammoplites suppositus (Troschel 1840) -- (Knapp 1979:52 [ref. 14196], Dor 1984:90 [ref. 29757], Imamura & Amaoka 1994:177 [ref. 21442], Goren & Dor 1994:23 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:116 [ref. 22896], Imamura 1996:202 [ref. 22700], Carpenter et al. 1997:140 [ref. 23922], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:242 [ref. 24754], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Yamakawa & Machida 2004:388 [ref. 28104], Knapp & Imamura 2014:450 [ref. 33427], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:415 [ref. 33460], Psomadakis et al. 2015:191 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:317 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:58 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Grammoplites suppositus (Troschel 1840). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Southern Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Somalia and Persian Gulf east to Sri Lanka. Habitat: marine.

tasmanius, Platycephalus Richardson [J.] 1842:96 (72) [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 3 (pt 1) (art. 5); ref. 13097] Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1855.9.19.56-57 (2), 1855.9.19.67-68 (2). •Synonym of Platycephalus bassensis Cuvier 1829 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:468 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:520 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:940 [ref. 29079], Imamura 2015:159 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Synonym of Platycephalus bassensis Cuvier 1829. Platycephalidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tentaculatus, Platycephalus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:104, Pl. 26 (fig. 2) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] El-Tor, Sinai coast, Egypt, Gulf of Suez, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1614. Paralectotypes: SMF 3115 (1, dry), 17527 (2, skeletons). •Synonym of Papilloculiceps longiceps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Dor 1984:90 [ref. 29757], Knapp 1986:484 [ref. 5683], Golani & Fricke 2018:58 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Papilloculiceps longiceps (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

thompsoni, Elates Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1907:39, Fig. 12 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 26 (Doc. 606) (for 1906); ref. 2498] Manila, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 53068. Paratypes: CAS-SU 9247 (1), 9975 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:125 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Elates ransonnettii (Steindachner 1876) -- (Imamura et al. 2006:293 [ref. 28670], Paxton et al. 2006:936 [ref. 29079]). Current status: Synonym of Elates ransonnettii (Steindachner 1876). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

timoriensis, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:254 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6900. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:46 [ref. 20738]. •Synonym of Suggrundus rodericensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Knapp 1992:390 [ref. 22825]). •Synonym of Kumococius rodericensis (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Kumococius rodericensis (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

townsendi, Platycephalus Regan [C. T.] 1905:323, Pl. 1(A) (fig. 1) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 16; ref. 15386] Karachi, Pakistan; Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman. Syntypes: BMNH 1904.5.25.130 (1), 1904.5.25.146 (1). •Synonym of Sorsogona prionota (Sauvage 1873) -- (Knapp 1979:50 [ref. 14196], Dor 1984:91 [ref. 29757], Knapp 1986:484 [ref. 5683], Randall 1995:119 [ref. 22896]). Current status: Synonym of Sorsogona prionota (Sauvage 1873). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

tricaudata, Thysanophrys Knapp [L. W.] 2013:133, Figs. 8-9 [Zootaxa 3608 (no. 2); ref. 32395] Sri Lanka, Hikkaduwa, depth 15 meters. Holotype: USNM 268919. Paratypes: USNM 268917 (1), 268918 (1). •Valid as Thysanophrys tricaudata Knapp 2013. Current status: Valid as Thysanophrys tricaudata Knapp 2013. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Sri Lanka. Habitat: marine.

tuberculatus, Platycephalus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:258 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 4; ref. 998] Trincomalee, Sri Lanka. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6858 (2). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:47 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Onigocia tuberculatus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Shao & Chen 1987:81 [ref. 8042]). •Valid as Sorsogona tuberculata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:52 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:470 [ref. 12442], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:221 [ref. 24016], Randall 1995:119 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:141 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:172 [ref. 26476] as tuberculatus, Knapp 1999:2415 [ref. 24807], Johnson 1999:729 [ref. 25471], Knapp in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:28 [ref. 25847], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:27 [ref. 27712], Knapp & Heemstra 2011:75 [ref. 31327], Larson et al. 2013:92 [ref. 32988]). •Valid as Rogadius tuberculatus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Imamura 1996:216 [ref. 22700], Allen 1997:80 [ref. 23977], Sakashita et al. 2003:67 [ref. 26919], Imamura et al. 2006:298 [ref. 28670], Imamura 2007:303 [ref. 29242], Yoshida et al. 2013:91 [ref. 34464], Motomura et al. 2017:74 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:141 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:59 [ref. 36273], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:90 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Rogadius tuberculatus (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, north to northern Vietnam and southern China, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

variolosus, Platycephalus Günther [A.] 1876:167, [Pl. 109 (fig. A)] [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 4 (no. 11); ref. 14209] Samoa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1876.6.5.1. Dates to text, plate published in 1877 [ref. 14243]. •Synonym of Thysanophrys otaitensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (Knapp 1986:485 [ref. 5683] as variolusus, Imamura et al. 1995:278 [ref. 22177]). •Synonym of Sunagocia otaitensis (Cuvier 1829) -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Sunagocia otaitensis (Cuvier 1829). Platycephalidae. Habitat: marine.

ventralis, Ratabulus Imamura [H.] & Gomon [M. F.] 2010:31, Figs. 2d, 3d, 4d, 5d, 6d [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 67; ref. 31104] East of Townsville, 18°39.3'S, 147°59.5'E, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: CSIRO H6116-02. Paratypes: AMS, CSIRO, QM. •Valid as Ratabulus ventralis Imamura & Gomon 2010. Current status: Valid as Ratabulus ventralis Imamura & Gomon 2010. Platycephalidae. Distribution: Northeastern Australia: Queensland. Habitat: marine.

vittatus, Platycephalus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:462 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Malabar, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6903. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:47 [ref. 20738]. •Valid as Grammoplites vittatus Valenciennes 1833 -- (Knapp & Imamura 2014:448 [ref. 33427]). Current status: Valid as Grammoplites vittatus Valenciennes 1833. Platycephalidae. Distribution: India and Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

welanderi, Wakiyus Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1966:50, Fig. 144 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 3; ref. 5366] Lagoon coral head near north end of Rongelap Island, Rongelap Atoll, Marshall Islands, western Pacific, depth 18 feet. Holotype (unique): USNM 141008. •Valid as Sorsogona welanderi (Schultz 1966) -- (Myers 1999:104 [ref. 23965]). •Valid as Rogadius welanderi (Schultz 1966) -- (Imamura 1996:216 [ref. 22700], Knapp 1999:2414 [ref. 24807], Allen & Adrim 2003:30 [ref. 26830], Imamura et al. 2006:298 [ref. 28670], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:326 [ref. 28867], Imamura 2007:303 [ref. 29242], Fricke et al. 2011:382 [ref. 31242], Knapp 2012:62 [ref. 31852], Allen & Erdmann 2012:257 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Rogadius welanderi (Schultz 1966). Platycephalidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Réunion Island to Indonesia, northwestern Australia and Marshall Islands. Habitat: marine.

westraliae, Trudis bassensis Whitley [G. P.] 1938:199 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 4692] Swan River estuary, Western Australia, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.7189. Paratypes: AMS IA.7190 (1). •Synonym of Platycephalus bassensis Cuvier 1829 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:468 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:940 [ref. 29079]). •Valid as Platycephalus westraliae (Whitley 1938) -- (Imamura 2008:404-405 [ref. 29892], Imamura 2012:119 [ref. 33646], Larson et al. 2013:91 [ref. 32988], Imamura 2013:282 [ref. 33362], Imamura 2015:194 [ref. 33640]). Current status: Valid as Platycephalus westraliae (Whitley 1938). Platycephalidae. Distribution: New South Wales across northern Australia to Fremantle, Western Australia; southern coasts of Papua New Guinea and Java. Habitat: marine.