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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Plotosidae: [ 92 ] records


abbreviatus, Plotosus Boulenger [G. A.] 1895:247 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 15 (no. 87) (art. 31); ref. 14550] Mouth of Baram River, Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1894.8.3.35. •Species inquirenda in Plotosus -- (Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Plotosus abbreviatus Boulenger 1895 -- (Kottelat & Lim 1995:243 [ref. 23210], Ferraris in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Ng & Sparks 2002:564 [ref. 26377], Yoshino & Kishimoto 2008:7 [ref. 29565], Prokofiev 2008:671 [ref. 29826], Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Plotosus abbreviatus Boulenger 1895. Plotosidae. Distribution: Borneo, Malaysia; South China Sea [ref. 29826]. Habitat: brackish.

albilabris, Plotosus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:427 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9544. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:20 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:279 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Paraplotosus albilabris (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:36 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:225 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Randall et al. 1990:48 [ref. 15987], Kottelat et al. 1993:82 [ref. 23448], Allen 1997:60 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:349 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:48 [ref. 25919], Allen 1998:124 [ref. 23553], Ferraris 1999:1883 [ref. 24731], Johnson 1999:723 [ref. 25471] as albilabrus, Ferraris in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:24 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Gates 2006:362 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155], Prokofiev 2008:671 [ref. 29826], Allen & Erdmann 2012:121 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:42 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:240 [ref. 32989], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2015:21 [ref. 34319], Hoschke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Paraplotosus albilabris (Valenciennes 1840). Plotosidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea to northern Australia, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia). Habitat: brackish, marine.

anguillaris, Platystacus Bloch [M. E.] 1794:61, Pl. 373 (figs. 1, 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 8; ref. 463] No locality [Tharangambadi, India]. Lectotype: ZMB 3078. Paralectotypes: ZMB 3079 (1). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:116 [ref. 24282], Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155]. On p. 36 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 11 [ref. 21381]. Lectotype selected by Taylor & Gomon 1986:160 [ref. 6196]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:274 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Plotosus anguillaris (Bloch 1794) -- (Ni & Wu in Kuang et al. 1986:170 [ref. 26639] dated 1797, Wu & Zhong in Pan et al. 1991:293 [ref. 23876], Dai in Chu et al. 1999:190 [ref. 24534]). •Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787) -- (Dor 1984:51 [ref. 29757], Taylor & Gomon 1986:160 [ref. 6196], Paxton et al. 1989:226 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Randall et al. 1990:48 [ref. 15987], Golani 2002:322 [ref. 26420], Jayaram 2006:323 [ref. 28762], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:319 [ref. 28867], Hoese & Gates 2006:363 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155], Yoshino & Kishimoto 2008:6 [ref. 29565], Prokofiev 2008:671 [ref. 29826], Fricke et al. 2009:23 [ref. 30213], Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2018:59 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:37 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:131 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787). Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

arab, Plotosus Bleeker [P.] 1862:111 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 14; ref. 387] Tranquebar, India. Syntypes: at MNHN, ZMB 3078 (1), 3079 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155]. Appeared as an unexplained substitute as "Plotosus arab Blkr = Plotosus anguillaris Lac." Appeared with description and figure in Bleeker 1863:98, Pl. 95 (fig. 2) with Silurus arab Forsskål 1775 in synonymy; regarded as not available, a new combination for Silurus arab Forsskål if Forsskål's name is regarded as available. •Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787) -- (Taylor & Gomon 1986:161 [ref. 6196], Golani 2002:322 [ref. 26420], Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155], Fricke et al. 2009:23 [ref. 30213], Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2018:59 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:37 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787). Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

arab, Silurus Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:xvi [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Al-Mukhā, Yemen, Red Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155]. Originally as 'Arab. Boa vel Buju'; not intended as a species name, but as language abbreviation for 'Arabian vernacular'; name therefore not available -- (Fricke 2008:18 [ref. 30182], Fricke et al. 2009:23 [ref. 30213]). •In the synonymy of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787) -- (Dor 1984:51 [ref. 29757], Jayaram 2006:323 [ref. 28762], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:319 [ref. 28867]). •Not available, in the synonymy of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787) -- (Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155] on Kottelat pers. comm., Fricke 2008:18 [ref. 30182], Fricke et al. 2009:23 [ref. 30213], Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787). Plotosidae.

argenteus, Plotosus Zietz [A. H. C.] 1896:410, Pl. 16 (fig. 7) [Report on the work of the Horn Expedition to Central Australia. Part 2; ref. 14621] Cooper Creek, near Innamincka, South Australia. Lectotype: SAMA F1090. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1897.1.20.46 (1) central Australia or SAMA. Other localities are also listed. Type catalog: Glover 1976:170 [ref. 19449], Ferraris 2007:345 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype (the described syntype) designated by Unmack 2001:57 [ref. 25370]. •Valid as Neosilurus argenteus (Zietz 1896) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:224 [ref. 12442], Larson & Martin 1990:15 [ref. 16606], Pollard et al. in McDowall 1996:112 [ref. 22909], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129]). •Mentioned -- (Ferraris 2007:345 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Porochilus argenteus (Zietz 1896) -- (Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Unmack 2001:57 [ref. 25370], Allen et al. 2002:84 [ref. 25930], Hoese & Gates 2006:364 [ref. 28997], Hammer et2 al. 2012:63 [ref. 32389], Larson et al. 2013:43 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Porochilus argenteus (Zietz 1896). Plotosidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

atra, Lambertia Perugia [A.] 1894:551 [6] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 14; ref. 3435] Inawi, eastern New Guinea. Syntypes: MSNG 1663 (1, dry), 8140 (1, missing); ZMA 113360 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:306 [ref. 10351], Nijssen et al. 1982:56 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:347 [ref. 29155]. On p. 6 of separate. •Valid as Tandanus ater (Perugia 1894) -- (Roberts 1978:45 [ref. 8886], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Neosilurus ater (Perugia 1894) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:224 [ref. 12442], Larson & Martin 1990:16 [ref. 16606], Allen 1991:61 [ref. 21090], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Allen et al. 2000:57 [ref. 27467], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:78 [ref. 25930], Morgan et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27718], Hoese & Gates 2006:360 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:347 [ref. 29155], Allen et al. 2008:62 [ref. 30265], Morgan et al. 2011:11 [ref. 31262], Larson et al. 2013:42 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Neosilurus ater (Perugia 1894). Plotosidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea, Papua, and northern Australia and Aru Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

australis, Neosilurus Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:239 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 761] Lagoons of Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Neosilurus hyrtlii Steindachner 1867 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:224 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Gates 2006:361 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Neosilurus hyrtlii Steindachner 1867. Plotosidae. Habitat: freshwater.

australis, Silurichthys Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:45 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Neosilurus hyrtlii Steindachner 1867 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:224 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Gates 2006:361 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Neosilurus hyrtlii Steindachner 1867. Plotosidae. Habitat: freshwater.

bartoni, Neosilurus Regan [C. T.] 1908:153 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 14340] Sogeri, New Guinea. Syntypes: BMNH 1905.8.15.9-10 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:347 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tandanus bartoni (Regan 1908) -- (Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Neosilurus brevidorsalis (Günther 1867) -- (Allen 1991:62 [ref. 21090], Ferraris 2007:347 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Neosilurus brevidorsalis (Günther 1867). Plotosidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

bellingerensis, Tandanus Welsh [S. A.], Jerry [D. R.], Burrows [D. W.] & Rourke [M. L.] 2017:230, Figs. 1-3 [Copeia v. 105 (no. 2); ref. 35347] Bellinger River at mouth of Kip Creek on Darkwood Road, approx. 26 km W of Bellingen, New South Wales, 30°26'39.8"S, 152°37'14.1"E. Holotype: AMS I.47180-001. Paratypes: AMS, NMV, QM. •Valid as Tandanus bellingerensis Welsh, Jerry, Burrows & Rourke 2017. Current status: Valid as Tandanus bellingerensis Welsh, Jerry, Burrows & Rourke 2017. Plotosidae. Distribution: New South Wales, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

bostocki, Tandanus Whitley [G. P.] 1944:260 [Australian Zoologist v. 10 (pt 3); ref. 4705] Serpentine, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): WAM P.241-001 [alt. NMV A.11773]. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991 [ref. 19335], Ferraris 2007:352 [ref. 29155], Moore et al. 2008:8 [ref. 30117]. Plotosus unicolor Castelnau 1873 (preoccupied by P. unicolor Valenciennes 1840) referred to this new species, but Whitley named a type specimen and did not provide a strict replacement name; see comparable generic examples in the "Genera of Fishes" 1990:660 -- this is contrary to the interpretation of Ferraris 2007:352 [ref. 29166] and Moore et al. 2009:8 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Tandanus bostocki Whitley 1944 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:226 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Musyl & Keenan 1996:526 [ref. 22293], Morgan et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24611], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:87 [ref. 25930], Hoese & Gates 2006:365 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:352 [ref. 29155], Welsh et al. 2014:140 [ref. 33336], Welsh et al. 2017:235 [ref. 35347]). Current status: Valid as Tandanus bostocki Whitley 1944. Plotosidae. Distribution: Southwestern Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

bostockii, Cnidoglanis Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:140 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Fremantle, Western Australia. Syntypes: (2, not found). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Cnidoglanis macrocephalus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:223 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Gates 2006:358 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Cnidoglanis macrocephalus (Valenciennes 1840). Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brevibarbus, Plotosus Bessednov [L. N.] 1967:446, Fig. [Zoologicheskii Zhurnal v. 46; ref. 7942] Gulf of Tonkin, South China Sea, 21°10'N, 108°30'E, depth 29 meters. Holotype: TINRO 3667. Paratypes: TINRO 3667a (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Plotosus brevibarbus Bessednov 1967 -- (Dai in Chu et al. 1999:191 [ref. 24534], Prokofiev 2008:671 [ref. 29826]). •Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787) -- (Taylor & Gomon 1986:161 [ref. 6196], Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787). Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brevidorsalis, Copidoglanis Günther [A.] 1867:66 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 20 (no. 115); ref. 1988] Nicol Bay, Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.5.13.11. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:347 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tandanus brevidorsalis (Günther 1867) -- (Roberts 1978:45 [ref. 8886], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Neosilurus brevidorsalis (Günther 1867) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:224 [ref. 12442], Allen 1991:62 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:58 [ref. 27467], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:79 [ref. 25930], Hoese & Gates 2006:361 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:347 [ref. 29155], Allen et al. 2008:63 [ref. 30265], Pusey et al. 2017:28 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Neosilurus brevidorsalis (Günther 1867). Plotosidae. Distribution: Northern Australia and southern New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

butleri, Paraplotosus Allen [G. R.] 1998:129, Fig. 3 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 46 (no. 1); ref. 23553] Near Broome, about 17°58'S, 122°14'E, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.27368-021. Paratypes: AMNH 33974 (1); AMS I.15557-038 (1), I.18719-001 (1); ANSP 134247 (1); BMNH 1976.3.8.1 (1); CAS 35534 (1); MNHN 1976-0006 (1); QM I.13532 (1); SAMA F4158 (1); USNM 215286 (1); plus additional lots at WAM. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155], Moore et al. 2008:7 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Paraplotosus butleri Allen 1998 -- (Ferraris 1999:1882 [ref. 24731], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Gates 2006:363 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155], Larson et al. 2013:43 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Paraplotosus butleri Allen 1998. Plotosidae. Distribution: Northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

caesius, Plotosus Cuvier [G.] 1829:297 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Rivers of southern part of Bengel, India. No types known. Based on indication to Hamilton 1822 (142, 374, Pl. 15 (fig. 44)). From Kottelat (2013). •Synonym of Plotosus canius Hamilton 1822 -- (Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus canius Hamilton 1822. Plotosidae.

caesius, Plotosus Hyrtl [C. J.] 1859:17 [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 16; ref. 2291] No locality given. No types known. Appeared in "Osteologische Tabelle der Siluroiden." •Synonym of Plotosus canius Hamilton 1922 -- (Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus canius Hamilton 1822. Plotosidae.

canius, Plotosus Hamilton [F.] 1822:142, 374, Pl. 15 (fig. 44) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Southern Bengal, India. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:277 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Plotosus canius Hamilton 1822 -- (Gomon & Taylor 1982:2 [ref. 8475], Paxton et al. 1989:225 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Ataur Rahman 1989:173 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:713 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:82 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:243 [ref. 23210], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:164 [ref. 27969] with author as Hamilton-Buchanan, Rainboth 1996:169 [ref. 22772], Ferraris 1999:1883 [ref. 24731], Tan & Ng 1999:297 [ref. 24254], Ferraris in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Kottelat 2001:143 [ref. 25780], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Ng & Sparks 2002:564 [ref. 26377], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Khan 2003:8 [ref. 27710], Ataur Rahman 2003:192 [ref. 31338], Jayaram 2006:321 [ref. 28762], Hoese & Gates 2006:363 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155], Yoshino & Kishimoto 2008:7 [ref. 29565], Prokofiev 2008:671 [ref. 29826], Kimura in Yoshino & Kimura 2009:32 [ref. 30443], Larson et al. 2013:43 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:41 [ref. 34464], Miesen et al. 2016:82 [ref. 34492], Motomura et al. 2017:48 [ref. 35490], Suresh et al. 2018:139 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Plotosus canius Hamilton 1822. Plotosidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: west coast of India east to Philippines and New Guinea, south to northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

castaneoides, Plotosus Bleeker [P.] 1851:490 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16898] Rio [Rhio or Riouw], Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) ? at RMNH. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155]. Original as castaneoïdes. •Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787) -- (Taylor & Gomon 1986:161 [ref. 6196], Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787). Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

castaneus, Plotosus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:421 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Mahé, Malabar, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8929. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:19 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787) -- (Taylor & Gomon 1986:161 [ref. 6196], Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787). Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

coatesi, Tandanus Allen [G. R.] 1985:252, Fig. 3 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 6244] Ninar River, about 6 kilometers west of Maprik, Papua New Guinea, about 3°37'S, 143°00'E. Holotype: WAM P.27839-007. Paratypes: PNGM (8); WAM P.27839-005 (50), P.27840-005 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:8 [ref. 19335], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155], Moore et al. 2008:8 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Neosilurus gjellerupi (Weber 1913), but a valid subspecies -- (Allen 1991:63 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:299 [ref. 21400]). •Valid as Tandanus coatesi Allen 1985 -- (Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Allen & Coates 1990:64 [ref. 25561]). •Valid as Neosiluris coatesi (Allen 1985) -- (Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Neosilurus coatesi (Allen 1985). Plotosidae. Distribution: Sepik River basin, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

cooperensis, Neosiluroides Allen [G. R.] & Feinberg [M. N.] 1998:12, Fig. 2 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 23371] Callamurra Waterhole, Cooper's Creek, 11.3 kilometers east of Innamincka, South Australia, about 27°41'S, 140°51'E. Holotype: AMS I.18699-001. Paratypes: AMNH 37798 (6); AMS I.15782-001 (3), I.18699-002 (16); SAMA F.4358 (3), F.6766 (3); WAM P.26436-001 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:347 [ref. 29155], Moore et al. 2008:7 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Neosiluroides cooperensis Allen & Feinberg 1998 -- (Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:77 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129], Hoese & Gates 2006:360 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:347 [ref. 29155], Hammer et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32389]). Current status: Valid as Neosiluroides cooperensis Allen & Feinberg 1998. Plotosidae. Distribution: Coopers Creek system, Lake Eyre drainage, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

curtus, Copidoglanis Saville-Kent [W.] 1889:10 [Preliminary Report of the Food-Fish of Queensland; ref. 18384] Name only, not available; from Queensland, Australia. Plotosidae.

dahli, Anodontiglanis Rendahl [H.] 1922:169, Figs. 2-3 [Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne v. 60; ref. 3701] Glencoe River, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: ZMUO J361. Paratypes: ZMUO J5235 (1), NRM 10440 (1). Type catalog: Pethon 1969:4 [ref. 19268], Ferraris 2007:345 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Anodontiglanis dahli Rendahl 1922 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:38 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:222 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Larson & Martin 1990:14 [ref. 16606], Unmack 2001:1060 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:76 [ref. 25930], Morgan et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27718], Hoese & Gates 2006:358 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:345 [ref. 29155], Morgan et al. 2011:11 [ref. 31262], Larson et al. 2013:41 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Anodontiglanis dahli Rendahl 1922. Plotosidae. Distribution: Northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

decemfilis, Choeroplotosus Kner [R.] 1867:300, Pl. 12 (fig. 1) [Reise der öesterreichischen Fregatte "Novara" v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18426] Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: NMW 47098 (1), 47100 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]. Appeared as Choeroplotosus limbatus in Kner 1866:545 [ref. 2636] (not of Valenciennes 1840) and on Plate in ref. 14047 above. •Synonym of Cnidoglanis macrocephalus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:223 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Gates 2006:358 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Cnidoglanis macrocephalus (Valenciennes 1840). Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

duriceps, Ostophycephalus Ogilby [J. D.] 1899:156 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 24 (pt 1); ref. 3279] Adekaubem St. Vincent Gulf, South Australia. Holotype (unique): SAMA F1093. Type catalog: Glover 1976:170 [ref. 19449]. •Synonym of Cnidoglanis macrocephalus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:223 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Gates 2006:359 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Cnidoglanis macrocephalus (Valenciennes 1840). Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

elongata, Eumeda Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:144 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 2); ref. 763] Brisbane River, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2173. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Neosilurus hyrtlii Steindachner 1867 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:224 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Gates 2006:361 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Neosilurus hyrtlii Steindachner 1867. Plotosidae. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Plotosus Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:237 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 761] Brisbane River, Queensland, Australia. Possibly MNHN A-2783. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]. Also appeared in Castelnau 1878:144 [ref. 763]. •Synonym of Euristhmus lepturus (Günther 1864) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:223 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Murdy & Ferraris 2006:80 [ref. 28937], Hoese & Gates 2006:359 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Euristhmus lepturus (Günther 1864). Plotosidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

equinus, Copidoglanis Weber [M.] 1913:527, Fig. 11 [Süsswasserfische aus Niederländisch Süd- und Nord-Neu-Guinea v. 9 (livr. 4); ref. 4603] Lorentz River, Merauke, Papua, Indonesia. Syntypes: ZMA 111105-08 (7, 1, 4, 2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:41 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tandanus equinus (Weber 1913) -- (Roberts 1978:45 [ref. 8886], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Neosilurus equinus (Weber 1913) -- (Allen 1991:62 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:59 [ref. 27467], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155], Allen et al. 2008:64 [ref. 30265]). Current status: Valid as Neosilurus equinus (Weber 1913). Plotosidae. Distribution: New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

fisadoha, Plotosus Ng [H. H.] & Sparks [J. S.] 2002:565, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 115 (no. 3); ref. 26377] Southeastern coast of Fanarantsoa Province, Madagascar (Farafangana market, from fisherpersons). Holotype: UMMZ 235269. Paratypes: UMMZ 238723 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155], Fricke et al. 2018:59 [ref. 35805]. Used as a noun in aposition. •Valid as Plotosus fisadoha Ng & Sparks 2002 -- (Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155], Yoshino & Kishimoto 2008:7 [ref. 29565], Fricke et al. 2018:59 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Plotosus fisadoha Ng & Sparks 2002. Plotosidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Southeastern Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

flavolineatus, Plotosus Whitley [G. P.] 1941:311, Fig. [Australian Museum Magazine v. 7 (no. 9); ref. 20420] Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. No types known. Based on a painting, name on painting mentioned by Whitley but apparently not intended by him as a new species proposal and therefore unavailable. Subsequent validation not researched. •In the synonymy of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787) -- (Taylor & Gomon 1986:161 [ref. 6196], Hoese & Gates 2006:364 [ref. 28997], Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989] with author as Stuart in Whitley). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787). Plotosidae.

gjellerupi, Copidoglanis Weber [M.] 1913:528 [Süsswasserfische aus Niederländisch Süd- und Nord-Neu-Guinea v. 9 (livr. 4); ref. 4603] Augusta River in central mountain range of Kaiser Wilhem Land [New Guinea], elevation about 225 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMA 111091. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:41 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tandanus gjellerupi (Weber 1913) -- (Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Allen & Coates 1990:65 [ref. 25561]). •Valid as Neosilurus gjellerupi (Weber 1913) -- (Allen 1991:63 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:299 [ref. 21400], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Neosilurus gjellerupi (Weber 1913). Plotosidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea and northern Papua. Habitat: freshwater.

glencoensis, Copidoglanis Rendahl [H.] 1922:170, Fig. 4 [Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne v. 60; ref. 3701] Glencoe River, northwestern Australia. Lectotype: UZMO J5254. Paralectotypes: ZMUO J387 (1), J6340 (7); NRM 10441 or 10442 (2). Type catalog: Pethon 1969:4 [ref. 19268], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Pethon 1969:4 [ref. 19268]. •Synonym of Tandanus hyrtlii (Steindachner 1867) -- (Burgess 1989:181 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Neosilurus hyrtlii Steindachner 1867 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:224 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Gates 2006:361 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155], Larson et al. 2013:42 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Synonym of Neosilurus hyrtlii Steindachner 1867. Plotosidae. Habitat: freshwater.

gloveri, Neosilurus Allen [G. R.] & Feinberg [M. N.] 1998:13, Fig. 3 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 23371] Main Spring, Dalhousie Springs, South Australia, about 26°25'S, 135°30'E. Holotype: SAMA F.4159. Paratypes: AMNH 36534 (15), 36535 (4); AMS I.18288-001 (11); SAMA F.3454 (14), F.3470 (4); WAM P.29797-001 (15). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155], Moore et al. 2008:7 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Neosilurus gloveri Allen & Feinberg 1998 -- (Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:80 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129], Hoese & Gates 2006:361 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155], Hammer et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32389]). Current status: Valid as Neosilurus gloveri Allen & Feinberg 1998. Plotosidae. Distribution: Dalhousie Springs, South Australia, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

horridus, Plotosus Bleeker [P.] 1846:59 [183] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:59 [ref. 313]. •Synonym of Plotosus canius Hamilton 1822 -- (Ataur Rahman 2003:192 [ref. 31338], Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus canius Hamilton 1822. Plotosidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hyrtlii, Neosilurus Steindachner [F.] 1867:14 [6], Pl. 1 (figs. 3-3a) [Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 55 (1. Abth.); ref. 4214] Fitzroy River, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: (several) NMW 45340-41 (5, 2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]. On p. 6 of separate. •Valid as Tandanus hyrtlii (Steindachner 1867) -- (Burgess 1989:181 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Neosilurus hyrtlii Steindachner 1867 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:224 [ref. 12442], Allen & Leggett 1990:534 [ref. 20887], Larson & Martin 1990:17 [ref. 16606], Pollard et al. in McDowall 1996:113 [ref. 22909], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Unmack 2001:57 [ref. 25370], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:81 [ref. 25930], Morgan et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27718], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129], Hoese & Gates 2006:361 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155], Morgan et al. 2011:11 [ref. 31262], Hammer et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32389], Larson et al. 2013:42 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:26 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Neosilurus hyrtlii Steindachner 1867. Plotosidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

idenburgi, Copidoglanis Nichols [J. T.] 1940:1 [American Museum Novitates No. 1093; ref. 17241] Bernhard Camp, Idenburg River, Irian Jaya, Indonesia, elevation 75 meters. Holotype (unique): AMNH 15034. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tandanus idenburgi (Nichols 1940) -- (Allen & Coates 1990:66 [ref. 25561]). •Valid as Neosilurus idenburgi (Nichols 1940) -- (Allen 1991:63 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:299 [ref. 21400], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Neosilurus idenburgi (Nichols 1940). Plotosidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea and northern Papua. Habitat: freshwater.

ikapor, Plotoseus Lesson [R. P.] 1831:132, Poissons Pl. 31 (fig. 3) [Voyage autour du monde Zool. v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 2776] Offack Bay, Waigeo [Waigiou], Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155]. Apparently appeared first in Lesson 1829:435, Dict. Classique Hist. Nat., v. 15 (still researching). •Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787) -- (Taylor & Gomon 1986:161 [ref. 6196], Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155] dated 1826, Yoshino & Kishimoto 2008:7 [ref. 29565]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787). Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

japonicus, Plotosus Yoshino [T.] & Kishimoto [H.] 2008:2, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Ser. A) Supplement No. 2; ref. 29565] Nabeta Cove, Shimoda, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: NSMT-P 19279. Paratypes: FRLM 0963 (1), 7088 (1); HUMZ 37361 (1), 39001 (1), 105936 (1); NSMT-P 72967-78 (1 ea.), 73078-79 (1, 1), 70534 (1), 5976 (128) (1); URM-P43444 (1); YCM-P 2240 (1), 14163 (1), 14683 (1), 16075 (1), 19482 (1), 25098 (1). Plus non-type specimens. Type catalog: Shibata et al. 2011:12 [ref. 31469]. •Valid as Plotosus japonicus Yoshino & Kishimoto 2008 -- (Motomura et al. 2010:75 [ref. 31256], Shibata et al. 2011:12 [ref. 31469]). Current status: Valid as Plotosus japonicus Yoshino & Kishimoto 2008. Plotosidae. Distribution: Southern Japan, including the Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

labiosus, Copidoglanis Saville-Kent [W.] 1889:10 [Preliminary Report of the Food-Fish of Queensland; ref. 18384] Apparently a misspelling of labrosus and name only and not available; from Queensland, Australia. Plotosidae.

labrosus, Copidoglanis Saville-Kent [W.] (ex De Vis) 1893:298, 370 [The Great Barrier Reef of Australia; its products and potentialities; ref. 13269] De Vis manuscript name mentioned, but no characters provided; name only, not available; from Queensland, Australia. Plotosidae.

laticeps, Plotosus Saville-Kent [W.] 1889:10 [Preliminary Report of the Food-Fish of Queensland; ref. 18384] Name only, not available; from Queensland, Australia. Plotosidae.

lepturus, Cnidoglanis Günther [A.] 1864:28 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Lectotype: BMNH 1864.1.17.33. Paralectotypes: BMNH (1) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Murdy & Ferraris 2006:80 [ref. 28937]. •Valid as Euristhmus lepturus (Günther 1864) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:36 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:223 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Allen 1997:60 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:348 [ref. 23967], Ferraris 1999:1882 [ref. 24731], Johnson 1999:723 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Murdy & Ferraris 2006:80 [ref. 28937], Hoese & Gates 2006:359 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Euristhmus lepturus (Günther 1864). Plotosidae. Distribution: Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

levis, Copidoglanis Saville-Kent [W.] 1889:10 [Preliminary Report of the Food-Fish of Queensland; ref. 18384] Name only, not available; from Queensland, Australia. Plotosidae.

limbatus, Plotosus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:422 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Malabar, India. Lectotype: MNHN A-9546. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-8922 (2), A-9547 (1), 1580 (2), B-2780 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:20 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Gomon & Taylor 1982:9 [ref. 8475]. •Valid as Plotosus limbatus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Gomon & Taylor 1982:7 [ref. 8475], Taylor & Gomon 1986:160 [ref. 6196], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:714 [ref. 20764], Randall 1995:76 [ref. 22896], Ng & Sparks 2002:564 [ref. 26377], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Jayaram 2006:322 [ref. 28762], Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155], Yoshino & Kishimoto 2008:7 [ref. 29565], Psomadakis et al. 2015:168 [ref. 34104]). Current status: Valid as Plotosus limbatus Valenciennes 1840. Plotosidae. Distribution: Arabian Sea and western Indian Ocean. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lineatus, Plotoseus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:228, Pl. 104 (fig. 3) [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Nagasaki Bay, Japan. Syntypes: RMNH 3089 (2), 3090 (96). Type catalog: Boeseman 1947:170 [ref. 12876]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787). Plotosidae. Distribution: Japan. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Plotosus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:412 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Syntypes: MNHN A-8932 (11 or 10) Malabar, A-8930 (1) Mauritius, A-8936 (1) Mauritius, A-8931 (2) Trincomalee. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:19 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155]. •A subjective synonym and junior secondary homonym of Silurus lineatus Thunberg 1787 -- (Taylor & Gomon 1986:161 [ref. 6196]). •Synonym of Plotosus anguillaris (Bloch 1794) -- (Wu & Zhong in Pan et al. 1991:293 [ref. 23876]). •Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787) -- (Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787). Plotosidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Sechelles, Malabar, Mauritius (Mascarenes), Trincomalee, Puducherry; Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia; Sulawesi, Society Islands, and Philippines. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lineatus, Silurus Thunberg [C. P.] 1787:31, footnote 13 [Museum naturalium Academiae Upsaliensis. ... Praesidae; ref. 17911] Eastern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): ZMUU P 28555. Type catalog: Wallin 1996:62 [ref. 32133]. Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155]. Described in more detail in Thunberg 1791:191 [ref. 17913] with figure (Pl. 6) and Thunberg 1792:176, pl. 6 [ref. 30158]. Kottelat (2013) gives syntypes, including UUMZ 285.. •Valid as Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787) -- (Gomon & Taylor 1982:2 [ref. 8475], Dor 1984:51 [ref. 29757], Sawada in Masuda et al. 1984:60 [ref. 6441], Taylor 1986:213 [ref. 6282], Taylor & Gomon 1986:160 [ref. 6196], Allen & Swainston 1988:36 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:226 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Randall et al. 1990:48 [ref. 15987], Coad 1991:25 [ref. 15702], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:714 [ref. 20764], Kuiter 1993:38 [ref. 23929], Kottelat et al. 1993:82 [ref. 23448], Francis 1993:158 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:13 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:77 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:164 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:60 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:22 [ref. 26476] dated 1791, Larson & Williams 1997:349 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:123 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:34 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:48 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:63 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:85 [ref. 24106], Ferraris 1999:1883 [ref. 24731], Mizuno et al. 1999:6 [ref. 25311], Mishra et al. 1999:84 [ref. 25315], Johnson 1999:723 [ref. 25471], Tan & Ng 1999:298 [ref. 24254], Nakabo 2000:282 [ref. 25086], Ferraris in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:122 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:36 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:95 [ref. 25868], Shinohara et al. 2000:176 [ref. 25987], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:143 [ref. 27511], Sakai et al. 2001:88 [ref. 25693], Shimizu 2001:21 [ref. 25799], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:282 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:188, 525 [ref. 26218], Ng & Sparks 2002:564 [ref. 26377], Golani 2002:321 [ref. 26420], Allen & Adrim 2003:25 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:18 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:8 [ref. 27624], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:23 [ref. 27712], Tan & Lim 2004:109 [ref. 27716], Heemstra et al. 2004:3317 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:113 [ref. 28072], Golani 2005:20 [ref. 37112], Randall 2005:61 [ref. 28239], Jayaram 2006:323 [ref. 28762] dated 1791, Hoese & Gates 2006:363 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155], Yoshino & Kishimoto 2008:1 [ref. 29565], Prokofiev 2008:671 [ref. 29826], Yoshino in Yoshino & Kimura 2009:32 [ref. 30443], Fricke et al. 2011:355 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:122 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:43 [ref. 32988] dated 1791, Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:42 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:412 [ref. 33460], Fricke et al. 2014:25 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:168 [ref. 34104], Yoshino in Kimura et al. 2015:21 [ref. 34319], Motomura et al. 2017:48 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:312 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:59 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:37 [ref. 36273], Yoshino in Kimura et al. 2018:51 [ref. 36460], Arndt & Fricke 2019:25 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:131 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:57 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36626], Zajonz et al. 2019:63 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787). Plotosidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar, Mascarenes and Persian Gulf east to Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Korea, southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), Lord Howe Island and New Caledonia; eastern Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: brackish, marine.

longifilis, Copidoglanis Macleay [W.] 1881:207 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 6 (pt 2); ref. 6222] Long Island, Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16269-001 [ex MAMU F158] (2). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:205 [ref. 19518], Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Paraplotosus albilabris (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:225 [ref. 12442], Allen 1998:124 [ref. 23553], Hoese & Gates 2006:362 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:240 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Paraplotosus albilabris (Valenciennes 1840). Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

luteus, Oloplotosus Gomon [J. R.] & Roberts [T. R.] in Roberts 1978:47, Fig. 25 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 281; ref. 8886] Upper Fly River, Papua New Guinea, 5°34.1'S, 141°15.0'E. Holotype: AMS 27093-001 [ex USNM 217107]. Paratypes: KFRS F.5478.01 [ex USNM 217108] (1), USNM 217108 (2, now 1, 1 to KFRS). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:39 [ref. 19771] with remark: Holotype exchanged to AMS in trust for Government of Papua New Guinea; Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155]. First author is J. R. Gomon. •Valid as Oloplotosus luteus Gomon & Roberts 1978 -- (Allen 1985:251 [ref. 6244], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Allen 1991:65 [ref. 21090], Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155], Allen et al. 2008:65 [ref. 30265]). Current status: Valid as Oloplotosus luteus Gomon & Roberts 1978. Plotosidae. Distribution: Upper Fly-Strickland river system, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

macrocephalus, Plotosus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:428, Pl. 449 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago [probably in error for Tasmania, Australia]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8921. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:19 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]. See van Oijen et al. 2009:280 [ref. 30423]. •Valid as Cnidoglanis macrocephalus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:223 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Kuiter 1993:38 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:229 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:34 [ref. 25488], Johnson 1999:723 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Gates 2006:358 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155], Gomon 2008:197 [ref. 30616], Hoschke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Cnidoglanis macrocephalus (Valenciennes 1840). Plotosidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, South Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

macrophthalmus, Plotosus Bleeker [P.] 1846:56 [179] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:56 [ref. 313]. •Synonym of Paraplotosus albilabris (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Allen 1998:124 [ref. 23553], Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:240 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Paraplotosus albilabris (Valenciennes 1840). Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

malignus, Plotosus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:420 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Not available, name mentioned in passing in account of Plotosus lineatus. •In the synonymy of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787) -- (Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787). Plotosidae.

marginatus, Plotosus Anonymous [Bennett [E. T.]] 1830:691 [Memoir of the life and public services of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles; ref. 259] Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1855.12.26.452 [ex Zool Soc.] (now 2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155]. On Code recommendation 51D, the anonymous author is listed in square brackets. •Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787) -- (Taylor & Gomon 1986:161 [ref. 6196], Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155], Yoshino & Kishimoto 2008:7 [ref. 29565], Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787). Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mariae, Oloplotosus Weber [M.] 1913:522, Fig. 3 [Süsswasserfische aus Niederländisch Süd- und Nord-Neu-Guinea v. 9 (livr. 4); ref. 4603] Lorentz River at Sabange and at Alkmaar, Papua, Indonesia. Syntypes: (5) AMNH 9500 (1); ZMA 111103-04 (1, 2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:59 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Oloplotosus mariae Weber 1913 -- (Allen 1985:251 [ref. 6244], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Allen 1991:65 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:60 [ref. 27467], Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155], Allen et al. 2008:66 [ref. 30265]). Current status: Valid as Oloplotosus mariae Weber 1913. Plotosidae. Distribution: New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia). Habitat: freshwater.

mediobarbis, Neosilurus Ogilby [J. D.] 1908:12 [Annals of the Queensland Museum No. 9 (pt 1); ref. 3285] Possibly Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM (lost). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:347 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Neosilurus ater (Perugia 1894) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:224 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Gates 2006:360 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:347 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Neosilurus ater (Perugia 1894). Plotosidae. Habitat: freshwater.

megastomus, Plotosus Richardson [J.] 1845:31, Pl. 21 (figs. 1-3) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Sydney Cove, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1974.5.22.1. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Cnidoglanis macrocephalus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:223 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Hoese & Gates 2006:358 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Cnidoglanis macrocephalus (Valenciennes 1840). Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

meraukensis, Copidoglanis Weber [M.] 1913:529 [Süsswasserfische aus Niederländisch Süd- und Nord-Neu-Guinea v. 9 (livr. 4); ref. 4603] Merauke, southern New Guinea. Syntypes: RMNH 10865 [ex ZMA] (1), ZMA 111092 (1), 116111 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:42 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Copidoglanis meraukensis Weber 1913 -- (Roberts 1978:45 [ref. 8886]). •Valid as Tandanus meraukensis (Weber 1913) -- (Burgess 1989:181 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Porochilus meraukensis (Weber 1913) -- (Allen 1991:67 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:62 [ref. 27467], Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155], Allen et al. 2008:68 [ref. 30265], Pusey et al. 2017:30 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Porochilus meraukensis (Weber 1913). Plotosidae. Distribution: Central-southern New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

microcephalus, Cnidoglanis Günther [A.] 1864:28 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Northeastern coast of Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1846.3.3.2. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]. Unneeded new name for Plotosus microceps Richardson 1845. •Objective synonym of Plotosus microceps Richardson 1845 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:223 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Euristhmus microceps (Richardson 1845) -- (Murdy & Ferraris 2006:83 [ref. 28937], Hoese & Gates 2006:360 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Euristhmus microceps (Richardson 1845). Plotosidae. Habitat: marine.

microceps, Plotosus Richardson [J.] 1845:31, Pl. 21 (figs. 4-7) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Northwestern coast of Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1846.3.3.2. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Cnidoglanis microceps (Richardson 1845) -- (Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Euristhmus microceps (Richardson 1845) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:223 [ref. 12442], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Murdy & Ferraris 2006:83 [ref. 28937], Hoese & Gates 2006:359 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155], Larson et al. 2013:41 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Euristhmus microceps (Richardson 1845). Plotosidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

microphthalmus, Euristhmus Murdy [E. O.] & Ferraris [C. J., Jr.] 2006:84, Figs. 1A, 2C, 7 [The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory v. 22; ref. 28937] Woods Inlet, Darwin Harbour, 12°30'S, 130°45'E, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: NTM S.11242-001. Paratypes: AMS I.23944-002 (2), I. 24689-012 (2); NTM S.14456-010 (5), S.11242-040 (2); UF 11756 (1), 11762 (1); WAM P.29959-003 (1), P.29974-047 (1). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:7 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Euristhmus microphthalmus Murdy & Ferraris 2006 -- (Ferraris 2007:442 [ref. 29155], Larson et al. 2013:41 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Euristhmus microphthalmus Murdy & Ferraris 2006. Plotosidae. Distribution: Northern Territory, Australia and West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

mollespiculum, Neosilurus Allen [G. R.] & Feinberg [M. N.] 1998:16, Fig. 6 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 23371] Running River, Burdekin River system, northern Queensland, about 19°07'S, 145°50'E, Australia. Holotype: QM I.30685. Paratypes: WAM P.30544-002 (1), P.30545-001 (3), 30546-001 (1), P.30548-002 (2), P.30559-002 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155], Moore et al. 2008:7 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Neosilurus mollespiculum Allen & Feinberg 1998 -- (Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:82 [ref. 25930], Hoese & Gates 2006:362 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Neosilurus mollespiculum Allen & Feinberg 1998. Plotosidae. Distribution: Northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

mortoni, Neosilurus Whitley [G. P.] 1941:7, Fig. 7 [Australian Zoologist v. 10 (pt 1); ref. 4701] Yam Creek, nine miles from Brock Creek, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS A.4824. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Tandanus mortoni (Whitley 1941) -- (Burgess 1989:181 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Neosilurus hyrtlii Steindachner 1867 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:225 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Gates 2006:361 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155], Larson et al. 2013:42 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Synonym of Neosilurus hyrtlii Steindachner 1867. Plotosidae. Habitat: freshwater.

muelleri, Cnidoglanis Klunzinger [C. B.] 1879:260 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 22); ref. 18913] Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): SMNS 2519. Type catalog: Fricke 1992:15 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:54 [ref. 29864], Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155]. Name appeared as Mülleri in original. Also appeared in Klunzinger 1880:411 [87 of separate] [ref. 2624]. •Valid as Cnidoglanis muelleri Klunzinger 1879 -- (Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Paraplotosus albilabris (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:225 [ref. 12442], Larson & Williams 1997:349 [ref. 23967] as mulleri). •Valid as Paraplotosus muelleri (Klunzinger 1879) -- (Allen 1998:132 [ref. 23553], Ferraris 1999:1882 [ref. 24731], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Gates 2006:363 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155], Larson et al. 2013:43 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Paraplotosus muelleri (Klunzinger 1879). Plotosidae. Distribution: Northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

multiradiatus, Plotosus Bleeker [P.] 1846:60 [183] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:60 [ref. 313]. •Synonym of Plotosus canius Hamilton 1822 -- (Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus canius Hamilton 1822. Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nhatrangensis, Plotosus Prokofiev [A. M.] 2008:671, Figs. 1b, 1b [Journal of Ichthyology v. 48 (no. 8); ref. 29826] Nha Trang Bay, Be Fish market, Vietnam, depths to 100 m. Holotype (unique): ZIN 54077. •Valid as Plotosus nhatrangensis Prokofiev 2008. Current status: Valid as Plotosus nhatrangensis Prokofiev 2008. Plotosidae. Distribution: Vietnam. Habitat: marine.

niger, Copidoglanis novaeguineae Nichols [J. T.] 1940:1 [American Museum Novitates No. 1093; ref. 17241] Bernhard Camp, Idenburg River, Irian Barat, Indonesia, elevation 75 meters. Holotype: AMNH 15035. Paratypes: AMNH 15036 (8, 1 c&s). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155]. Originally as novae-guineae. •Synonym of Neosilurus novaeguineae (Weber 1907) -- (Allen 1991:64 [ref. 21090], Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Neosilurus novaeguineae (Weber 1907). Plotosidae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigricans, Plotosus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:417 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Holotype (unique): ?MNHN A-9433. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:20 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:352 [ref. 29155]. See discussion in Ferraris 2007:352 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Plotosidae -- (Ferraris 2007:352 [ref. 29155]). Plotosidae. Habitat: marine.

nkunga, Plotosus Gomon [J. R.] & Taylor [W. R.] 1982:3, Pl. 1 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 22; ref. 8475] Bashee River, Transkei, South Africa, 32°15'S, 28°55'E. Holotype: SAM 18457. Paratypes: AMS I.19816.001 (1); ANSP 55225 (1), 63811 (1); BPBM 27857 (1); CAS-SU 13999 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 518 (1), 3517 (1), 3523-24 (2, 1), 3526 (1); SAM 13062 (1), 25120 (1); USNM 219606 (1), 226490 (3 or 2); plus non-type material. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:143 [ref. 13621], Ferraris & Vari 1992:39 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Plotosus nkunga Gomon & Taylor 1982 -- (Gomon 1986:213 [ref. 6286], Taylor & Gomon 1986:162 [ref. 6196], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Randall 1995:77 [ref. 22896], Ng & Sparks 2002:564 [ref. 26377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:114 [ref. 28072], Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155], Yoshino & Kishimoto 2008:7 [ref. 29565]). Current status: Valid as Plotosus nkunga Gomon & Taylor 1982. Plotosidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean off southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

novaeguineae, Copidoglanis Weber [M.] 1907:226 [Süsswasserfische von Neu-Guinea v. 5 (Zool.) pt 2; ref. 4599] Lake Sentani, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Syntypes: (13) FMNH 52388 [CM 644] (1); NMW 46696 (1); RMNH 7980 [ex ZMA] (1); ZMA 112670 (1), 116112 (7). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:42 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:27 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]. Originally as novae-guineae. •Valid as Tandanus novaeguineae (Weber 1907) -- (Burgess 1989:181 [ref. 12860], Allen & Coates 1990:67 [ref. 25561]). •Valid as Neosilurus novaeguineae (Weber 1907) -- (Allen 1991:64 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:299 [ref. 21400], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Neosilurus novaeguineae (Weber 1907). Plotosidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea and Papua. Habitat: freshwater.

nudiceps, Cnidoglanis Günther [A.] 1880:49 [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Arafura Sea. Holotype: BMNH 1879.5.14.590. Non-types: BMNH 1890.2.26.165 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]. Original description does not indicate number of specimens, so Paxton et al. 1989:223 recognition of a holotype would establish a lectotype even if specimen 165 also is shown to be a type. •Valid as Cnidoglanis nudiceps Günther 1880 -- (Rainboth 1996:168 [ref. 22772] with authorship Weber & de Beaufort). •Valid as Euristhmus nudiceps (Günther 1880) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:36 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:223 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Allen 1997:60 [ref. 23977], Ferraris 1999:1882 [ref. 24731], Johnson 1999:723 [ref. 25471], Ferraris in Randall & Lim 2000:589 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Murdy & Ferraris 2006:85 [ref. 28937], Hoese & Gates 2006:360 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155], Prokofiev 2008:671 [ref. 29826], Larson et al. 2013:41 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Euristhmus nudiceps (Günther 1880). Plotosidae. Distribution: Australia and New Guinea; South China Sea [ref. 29826]. Habitat: brackish, marine.

obbesi, Porochilus Weber [M.] 1913:523, Figs. 4-5 [Süsswasserfische aus Niederländisch Süd- und Nord-Neu-Guinea v. 9 (livr. 4); ref. 4603] Lorentz River at Sabang, New Guinea. Syntypes: ZMA 111101-02 (3, 1); RMNH 10864 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:61 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Porochilus obbesi Weber 1913 -- (Roberts 1978:45 [ref. 8886], Paxton et al. 1989:226 [ref. 12442], Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Allen 1991:67 [ref. 21090], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Allen et al. 2000:63 [ref. 27467], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:85 [ref. 25930], Hoese & Gates 2006:364 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155], Allen et al. 2008:69 [ref. 30265], Larson et al. 2013:43 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:30 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Porochilus obbesi Weber 1913. Plotosidae. Distribution: Central-southern New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea) and northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

obscurus, Copidoglanis Rendahl [H.] 1922:173, Fig. 5 [Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne v. 60; ref. 3701] Glencoe, Hermit Hill, northwestern Australia. Lectotype: ZMUO J6341. Paralectotypes: NRM 10451 (3), ZMUO J5253 (8). Type catalog: Pethon 1969:5 [ref. 19268], Ferraris 2007:345 [ref. 29155]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Copidoglanis obscurus Günther 1864, replaced by Copidoglanis rendahli Whitley 1928. Lectotype selected by Pethon 1969:5 [ref. 19268]. •Synonym of Neosilurus rendahli (Whitley 1928) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:225 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Porochilus rendahli (Whitley 1928) -- (Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Hoese & Gates 2006:364 [ref. 28997]). •Mention -- (Ferraris 2007:345 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Porochilus rendahli (Whitley 1928). Plotosidae. Habitat: freshwater.

obscurus, Copidoglanis Günther [A.] 1864:26 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Probably Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1852.9.13.164. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155]. Second specimen doubtfully included and therefore not a type. •Synonym of Plotosus limbatus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Gomon & Taylor 1982:7 [ref. 8475], Taylor & Gomon 1986:160 [ref. 6196], Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus limbatus Valenciennes 1840. Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

papuensis, Copidoglanis Hase [A.] 1914:540, Fig. 11 [Jenaische Zeitschrift für Naturwissenschaft v. 51; ref. 14156] Name appeared as Copidoglanis papuensis n. sp. in caption to Figs. 11-12, but evidently this was left in by mistake (along with "n. sp." in the main heading on p. 539) as Hase (p. 541) recognized that the material was previously named by Weber [Copidoglanis gjellerupi (Weber 1913)]. Regarded by Eschmeyer 1998:1283 [ref. 23416] as unavailable, not treated as valid when proposed. •In the synonymy of Neosilurus gjellerupi (Weber 1913) -- (Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Neosilurus gjellerupi (Weber 1913). Plotosidae.

papuensis, Plotosus Weber [M.] 1910:228 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 32 (pt. 4) (art. 28); ref. 14597] Lorentz River, southern New Guinea. Syntypes: FMNH 52494 [ex CM 752] (1); ZMA 111093-97 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1), 111098-100 (3, 1, 1), 111513 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:60-61 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:67 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Plotosus papuensis Weber 1910 -- (Roberts 1978:45 [ref. 8886], Gomon & Taylor 1982:2 [ref. 8475], Allen 1991:66 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:61 [ref. 27467], Ng & Sparks 2002:564 [ref. 26377], Ferraris 2007:351 [ref. 29155], Yoshino & Kishimoto 2008:7 [ref. 29565], Allen et al. 2008:67 [ref. 30265]). Current status: Valid as Plotosus papuensis Weber 1910. Plotosidae. Distribution: Central-southern New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

perugiae, Anyperistius Ogilby [J. D.] 1908:11 [Annals of the Queensland Museum No. 9 (pt 1); ref. 3285] Inawe, St. Joseph River, New Guinea. Types: at MSNG or BMNH 1965.1.26.1 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:347 [ref. 29155]. Based on Eumeda elongata of Perugia (not Castelnau). •Valid as Tandanus perugiae (Ogilby 1908) -- (Burgess 1989:181 [ref. 12860]). •Synonym of Neosilurus brevidorsalis (Günther 1867) -- (Allen 1991:62 [ref. 21090], Ferraris 2007:347 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Neosilurus brevidorsalis (Günther 1867). Plotosidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

pseudospinosus, Neosilurus Allen [G. R.] & Feinberg [M. N.] 1998:15, Figs. 4-5 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 23371] Rocky pool of Ord River on Old Lissadel Station, Kimberley District, Western Australia, about 16°40'S, 128°83'E. Holotype: WAM P.28505-007. Paratypes: AMNH 36416 (81); AMS I.26739-001 (20); BMNH 1977.6.13.1-20 (20); CAS 39374 (20); FMNH 83829 (20); QM I.14121 (1), I.22492 (6); SAMA F4267 (20); USNM 217461 (20); WAM P.25404-007 (11), P.25406-006 (1), P.25410-007 (1), P.25413-005 (2), P.25420-006 (5), P.25456-011 (1), P.25732-001 (21), P.25872-005 (1), P.25876-002 (2), P.28505-006 (8). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155], Moore et al. 2008:7 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Neosilurus pseudospinosus Allen & Feinberg 1998 -- (Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:83 [ref. 25930], Morgan et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27718], Hoese & Gates 2006:362 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155], Morgan et al. 2011:12 [ref. 31262], Larson et al. 2013:42 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Neosilurus pseudospinosus Allen & Feinberg 1998. Plotosidae. Distribution: Australia: Northern Territory and Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

rendahli, Copidoglanis Whitley [G. P.] 1928:214 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 4661] Glencoe, Hermit Hill, northwestern Australia. Lectotype: ZMUO J6341. Paralectotypes: NRM 10451 (3), ZMUO J5253 (8). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:345 [ref. 29155]. Replacement name for Copidoglanis obscurus Rendahl 1922, preoccupied by Copidoglanis obscurus Günther 1864. Lectotype selected by Pethon 1969:5 [ref. 19268] for obscurus. •Valid as Neosilurus rendahli (Whitley 1928) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:225 [ref. 12442], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797]). •Mention -- (Ferraris 2007:345 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Porochilus rendahli (Whitley 1928) -- (Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860], Larson & Martin 1990:17 [ref. 16606], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Hutchins 2001:21 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:86 [ref. 25930], Morgan et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27718], Hoese & Gates 2006:364 [ref. 28997], Morgan et al. 2011:12 [ref. 31262], Larson et al. 2013:44 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:29 [ref. 35250] may be the same as P. meraukensis (Weber 1913)). Current status: Valid as Porochilus rendahli (Whitley 1928). Plotosidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

robustus, Neosilurus Ogilby [J. D.] 1908:13 [Annals of the Queensland Museum No. 9 (pt 1); ref. 3285] Keppel Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): not at QM. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Neosilurus hyrtlii Steindachner 1867 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:224 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Gates 2006:361 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:348 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Neosilurus hyrtlii Steindachner 1867. Plotosidae. Habitat: freshwater.

sandrae, Euristhmus Murdy [E. O.] & Ferraris [C. J., Jr.] 2006:88, Figs. 2E, 10 [The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory v. 22; ref. 28937] Exmouth Gulf, 21°42'S, 114°48'E, Western Australia, Australia, depth 9 meters. Holotype: WAM P.32730.001. Paratypes: NTM S.11673-030 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:7 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Euristhmus sandrae Murdy & Ferraris 2006 -- (Ferraris 2007:442 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Euristhmus sandrae Murdy & Ferraris 2006. Plotosidae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

sepikensis, Lambertichthys ater Whitley [G. P.] 1956:68 [Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales v. for 1954-55; ref. 12239] Upper Sepik River, New Guinea. Holotype: AMS IA.7278. Paratypes: AMS IA.7279-80 (1, 1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:347 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Neosilurus ater (Perugia 1894) -- (Allen 1991:62 [ref. 21090], Ferraris 2007:347 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Neosilurus ater (Perugia 1894). Plotosidae. Habitat: freshwater.

tandanus, Plotosus Mitchell [T. L.] 1838:opp. 44, 95, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Three expeditions into the interior of eastern Australia v. 1; ref. 3029] Lagoon near Tangulda, Namoi River, New South Wales; river between Gwydir River and MacIntyre River, New South Wales, Australia. No types known. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:352 [ref. 29155]. South Atlantic. •Valid as Tandanus tandanus (Mitchell 1838) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:84 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:226 [ref. 12442], Musyl & Keenan 1996:526 [ref. 22293], Pollard et al. in McDowall 1996:109 [ref. 22909], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Unmack 2001:1061 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:88 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:88 [ref. 28129], Hoese & Gates 2006:365 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:352 [ref. 29155], Hammer et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32389], Welsh et al. 2014:136 [ref. 33336], Welsh et al. 2017:235 [ref. 35347], Kuiter 2018:14 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Valid as Tandanus tandanus (Mitchell 1838). Plotosidae. Distribution: Australia: Queensland, New South Wales and northern Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

thunbergianus, Plotosus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:693, 694 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Syntypes: uuzm 285 (1) , ZMUC P 28555 (1). Indian Ocean. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155]. Unneeded new name for Silurus lineatus Thunberg 1787. •Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787) -- (Taylor & Gomon 1986:161 [ref. 6196], Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155], Yoshino & Kishimoto 2008:7 [ref. 29565], Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787). Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

torobo, Oloplotosus Allen [G. R.] 1985:248, Fig. 1 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 6244] Soro River at northern end of Lake Kutubu, about 4 kilometers east of Moro landing strip, Papua New Guinea, about 6°23'S, 143°15'E, depth 0-3 meters. Holotype: WAM P.28158-003. Paratypes: KFRS F.5366.02 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:8 [ref. 19335], Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155], Moore et al. 2008:7 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Oloplotosus torobo Allen 1985 -- (Burgess 1989:180 [ref. 12860] as toboro, Allen 1991:66 [ref. 21090], Ferraris 2007:349 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Oloplotosus torobo Allen 1985. Plotosidae. Distribution: Soro River, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

tropicanus, Tandanus Welsh [S. A.], Jerry [D. R.] & Burrows [D. W.] 2014:137, Figs. 1-3 [Copeia 2014 (no. 1); ref. 33336] Tully River, ca. 5 km ESE of Cardstone, Queensland, 17°46'21.1"S, 145°39'1.6"E. Holotype: AMS I. 45550-001. Paratypes: AMS, QM, WAM. •Valid as Tandanus tropicanus Welsh, Jerry & Burrows 2014 -- (Welsh et al. 2017:235 [ref. 35347]). Current status: Valid as Tandanus tropicanus Welsh, Jerry & Burrows 2014. Plotosidae. Distribution: Northeast Queensland, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

unicolor, Plotosus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:426 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8924. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:19 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Plotosus canius Hamilton 1822 -- (Ataur Rahman 2003:192 [ref. 31338], Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus canius Hamilton 1822. Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

unicolor, Plotosus Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:141 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Interior of Western Australia. Syntypes: NMV 51851 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:352 [ref. 29155]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Plotosus unicolor Valenciennes 1840, effectively replaced by Tandanus bostocki Whitley 1944. •Synonym of Tandanus bostocki Whitley 1944 -- (Hoese & Gates 2006:365 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:352 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Tandanus bostocki Whitley 1944. Plotosidae. Habitat: freshwater.

vittatus, Plotosus Swainson [W.] 1839:307 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Tranquebar, India. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155]. Based on Bl. 373. fig. 1 -- which is Bloch 1794: Pl. 373 (fig. 1) [ref. 4868]. •An objective synonym of Platystacus anguillaris Bloch 1794 -- (Taylor & Gomon 1986:161 [ref. 6196]). •Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787) -- (Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155], Yoshino & Kishimoto 2008:7 [ref. 29565], Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787). Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

viviparus, Plotosus Bleeker [P.] 1846:59 [182] [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 21 (art. 5); ref. 313] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 8066 (1), 15875 (6); SMNS 10629 or 10624 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:18 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:54 [ref. 29864], Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155]. Also in Bleeker 1846:59 [ref. 313]. •Synonym of Plotosus canius Hamilton 1822 -- (Ferraris 2007:350 [ref. 29155], Kottelat 2013:241 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Plotosus canius Hamilton 1822. Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

waterhousii, Neoplotosus Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:45 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Adelaide, South Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9545. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:20 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Cnidoglanis macrocephalus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:223 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Gates 2006:359 [ref. 28997], Ferraris 2007:346 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Cnidoglanis macrocephalus (Valenciennes 1840). Plotosidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.