Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Polycentridae: [ 9 ] records


abbreviata, Polycentropsis Boulenger [G. A.] 1901:8, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1901, v. 1 (pt 1) (art. 1); ref. 559] Junction of Ethiop River and Jamieson River, Niger Delta. Syntypes: BMNH 1901.1.28.7 (1), BMNH 1901.1.28.8 (1, dry). •Valid as Polycentropsis abbreviata Boulenger 1901 -- (Thys van den Audenaerde & Breine 1986:342 [ref. 6214], Teugels in Lévêque et al. 1992:710 [ref. 21590], Poll & Gosse 1995:113 [ref. 24781], Britz 2007:247 [ref. 30043]). Current status: Valid as Polycentropsis abbreviata Boulenger 1901. Polycentridae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

jundia, Polycentrus Coutinho [D. P.] & Wosiacki [W. B.] 2014:748, Figs. 1, 2A, 3 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 12 (no. 4); ref. 33630] Amazonas, município de Iranduba, Paricatuba, rio Negro basin, lake on the right bank of the rio Negro, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 54586. Paratypes: MPEG, MZUSP. •Valid as Polycentrus jundia Coutinho & Wosiacki 2014. Current status: Valid as Polycentrus jundia Coutinho & Wosiacki 2014. Polycentridae. Distribution: Floodplain of the igarapés of the lower and upper rio Negro, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

mimophyllus, Monocirrhus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Allen [W. R.] 1921:304, Figs. 1-3 [Biological Bulletin v. 41 (no. 5); ref. 11059] Brooks near Río Itaya, Iquitos, Peru. Syntypes: (3) CAS 59826 [ex IU 15715] (2). •Synonym of Monocirrhus polyacanthus Heckel 1840 -- (Britz & Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:603 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Monocirrhus polyacanthus Heckel 1840. Polycentridae. Habitat: freshwater.

polyacanthus, Monocirrhus Heckel [J. J.] 1840:439 [Annalen des Wiener Museums der Naturgeschichte v. 2; ref. 2064] Marabitanos, Brazil. Holotype (unique): NMW 76725. •Valid as Monocirrhus polyacanthus Heckel 1840 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:20 [ref. 9708], Britz & Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:603 [ref. 27061], Barriga S. 2014:117 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:131, 189 [ref. 35004], Melo et al. 2016:135 [ref. 34701], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Monocirrhus polyacanthus Heckel 1840. Polycentridae. Distribution: Amazon and Orinoco river basins: Brazil, Ecuador, Bolivia, Colombia, Peru and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

punctatus, Labrus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:285 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Suriname. Lectotype: NRM 4. Based on two sources: the Gronovius specimen from Suriname is a cichlid, the NHRM specimen is the same as Polycentrus schomburgkii Müller & Troschel 1849 (see Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:252-253 [ref. 20707]); it was designated lectotype by Kullander 1983:84 [ref. 8319]. A petition to the ICZN to suppress Labrus punctatus to conserve Polycentrus schomburgkii was submitted to the ICZN (see Paepke 1993 [ref. 20914]) and Cases 2880 and 2905. Long recognized as valid, but threatened by Labrus puncatatus Linnaeus 1758 as shown by Paepke 1993 [ref. 20914]. Opinion 1954 in June 2000 removed that threat, and P. schomburgkii is to be given precedence over the name Labrus punctatus whenever the two names are considered synonyms. •Synonym (in part) of Cichlasoma bimaculatum (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kullander 1983:65 [ref. 8319]). •Valid as Polycentrus punctatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Keith et al. 2000:144 [ref. 24547]). •Synonym of Polycentrus schomburgkii Müller & Troschel 1849 -- (Britz & Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:603 [ref. 27061], Coutinho & Wosiacki 2014:747 [ref. 33630]). Current status: Synonym of Polycentrus schomburgkii Müller & Troschel 1849. Polycentridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

schomburgkii, Polycentrus Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1849:622 [Reisen in Britisch-Guiana; ref. 3072] Essequibo River, Guyana. Syntypes: ZMB 1024 (2), 20604 (ca. 30). Long recognized as valid, but threatened by Labrus puncatatus Linnaeus 1758 as shown by Paepke 1993 [ref. 20914]. Opinion 1954 in June 2000 removed that threat, and P. schomburgkii is to be given precedence over the name Labrus punctatus whenever the two names are considered synonyms. On the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology. •Valid as Polycentrus schomburgkii Müller & Troschel 1849 -- (Britz & Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:603 [ref. 27061], Phillip et al. 2013:23 [ref. 32896], Coutinho & Wosiacki 2014:747 [ref. 33630], Melo et al. 2016:135 [ref. 34701]). Current status: Valid as Polycentrus schomburgkii Müller & Troschel 1849. Polycentridae. Distribution: Trinidad, and Atlantic coastal rivers of Brazil: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

sheljuzhkoi, Nandopsis Meinken [H.] 1954:28, Fig. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 2970] Near Abidjan, Ivory Coast. Syntypes: BMNH 1954.12.21.1-2 (2), 1954.12.21.3-4 (2). •Valid as Afronandus sheljuzhkoi (Meinken 1954) -- (Thys van den Audenaerde & Breine 1986:342 [ref. 6214], Teugels in Lévêque et al. 1992:711 [ref. 21590], Poll & Gosse 1995:113 [ref. 24781] as sheljuzkkoi). Current status: Valid as Afronandus sheljuzhkoi (Meinken 1954). Polycentridae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

surinamensis, Mesonauta Sauvage [H.-E.] 1882:173 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 6; ref. 3894] Suriname. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2912. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:24 [ref. 15502]. •Synonym of Polycentrus schomburgkii Müller & Troschel 1849 -- (Paepke 1993:216 [ref. 20914], Britz & Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:603 [ref. 27061], Coutinho & Wosiacki 2014:747 [ref. 33630]). Current status: Synonym of Polycentrus schomburgkii Müller & Troschel 1849. Polycentridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

tricolor, Polycentrus Gill [T. N.] 1858:373 [13] [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 6 (nos 10-13, art. 38); ref. 1750] Tranquil River and Arouco River, Trinidad Island, West Indies. Syntypes: (2). On p. 13 of separate. •Synonym of Polycentrus schomburgkii Müller & Troschel 1849 -- (Paepke 1993:216 [ref. 20914], Britz & Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:603 [ref. 27061], Coutinho & Wosiacki 2014:747 [ref. 33630]). Current status: Synonym of Polycentrus schomburgkii Müller & Troschel 1849. Polycentridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.